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# Introduction: The aim in this task is to consider geometric shapes which lead to special numbers.

The simplest example of these are square numbers, 1, 4, 9, 16, which can be represented by squares of side 1, 2, 3 and 4. Task 1 The first task is to complete the triangular numbers sequence with three more terms. Here are the initial terms:

1

3

6

10

15

By looking at this sequence, we can create a picture of what the pattern is. From the first term to the second term, there is an increase of 2, from the second to third is an increase of 3, and from the third to the fourth is an increase of 4 etc. The pattern is as follows:

And from here it continues as:

Task 2 The second task is to find a general statement that represents the of .

th

triangular number in terms

Based on the pattern above, we can see that it is a sequence and not a series but also not an arithmetic sequence since there is no fixed number being added (common difference) to each number and it is not a geometric sequence because each number is not being multiplied by the same constant (common ratio). Though it is neither geometric nor arithmetic, there is still a pattern. The numbers added to each consecutive term go through the number line: 1+2, 3+3, 6+4, 10+5 and so on. To create a general statement for the th number, we need sequence to be arithmetic or geometric. Here the ratio comes into place:
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 When simplified. the sequence is: This is now in the format of an arithmetic sequence since one half is being added to each consecutive term. We can now use the arithmetic sequence¶s formula for finding the th term which is: We then substitute in what values we know to create the general statement.where ratio. When and so the general statement is To confirm this. test with and : hence this general statement is valid. we can repeat it for the rest of the terms in the sequence: Note that the bolded numbers are the three extra terms. This is puts the pattern in a Using this as a base. is the term and is the number of the term. The general statement ultimately can be simplified to So it should the sequence should look as follows: 1 3 6 10 15 21 28 36 Page | 2 .

Page | 3 . Based on this pattern. The initial terms are: The number of dots in each term is as follows: The patter is as follows: Note that bold are the terms added.Task 3 Task 3 is based on the stellar shapes with vertices. when . For example when . However the multiple is one less than the of each term. leading to -stellar numbers. The pattern starts initially with 1 before anything is added to it. In this task we have to find the number of dots in each stage up to . each term is found by the previous term being added to by multiples of 12 starting at 0:   .