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Care Labeling

Caring about the consumer beyond the label

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manufacturers and retailers must provide labels that: 1. How do you ensure that care labels placed on your product are understandable for consumers and apparel caregivers. 4. 6. Warn about what would harm the garment. care instructions are to appear in the following order of use: 1. Not required if both chlorine and non-chlorine bleach can be used. flat dry. Whether composed of words or words and symbols. your brand value is dependent on each product’s appearance. 5. Following the instructions on the care labels provide assurance that the appearance and fit of the garment will be maintained after repeated cleaning treatments. Drying Instruction – (tumble dry/high/medium/low. 3. As manufacturers. 3. Machine Wash/Hand Wash Washing Temperature (hot/warm/cold) Washing Cycle (delicate/permanent press/normal) Bleaching Instruction (do not bleach/only non-chlorine bleach). care information must also appear on the side of the package or on a hang tag.Care Labeling American Care Labeling According to the Federal Trade Commission’s Care Label Rule. while simultaneously meeting the national and international requirements trade? Our Solutions Many countries have mandatory or voluntary standards for care label instructions that apply to either apparel or soft home furnishing products: U. Provide care instructions for ordinary use of the garment.A : Europe: Canada: Japan: Care Labeling of Textile Wearing Apparel and Certain Piece Goods as Amended Textiles . Cautions (wash separately. wash before wearing. importers and retailers.Care Labeling Code Using Symbols Care Labeling of Textiles Care Labeling of Textile Goods Australia: Textiles . 2. 8. care labels may be composed of either words or words and symbols. If the product is packaged. 4.Your Challenges Care labels provide guidelines to consumers and apparel caregivers about the best cleaning procedures to be used for that particular combination of fabric.S. drip dry) Ironing (do not iron/cool iron/warm iron/hot iron). Remain permanently attached and legible for the useful life of the product. 2. Are permanently attached so they can be easily seen at point of sale. 7. thread. line dry. etc. . decoration and construction techniques. displayed or folded so that customers cannot find the label.) Dryclean (cycle/solvent) In addition to the care label instructions. Ironing instructions are not mandatory if the item is not expected to be ironed.

Normal Cycle A P Any Solvent Except Trichloroethylene Dryclean . laundering instructions should include. As a minimum.Additional Instructions F Petroleum Solvent Only Do Not Dryclean Short Cycle Reduce Moisture Low Heat No Steam Finishing Dryclean Any Solvent Note: This figure illustrates the symbols to use for laundering and drycleaning instructions. drying and ironing. drycleaning instructions shall include one symbol. drip dry or flat dry) (added to iron) Iron Maximum Temperature Dryclean . Additional words may be used to clarify the instructions. in order. bleaching. four symbols: washing. .American Care Labeling ASTM Guide To Care Symbols Machine Wash Cycles Warning symbols for laundering Normal Permanent Press Delicate/Gentle Hand Wash Do Not Wash Do Not Bleach Wash Water Temperatures (Maximum) (200F) (160F) (140F) (120F) (105F) (65F-85F) Symbol(s) 95C 70C 60C 50C 40C 30C Do Not Dry Bleach Any Bleach When Needed Only Non-Chlorine Bleach When Needed (used with do not wash) Do Not Wring Tumble Dry Cycles Normal Permanent Press Delicate/Gentle Line Dry/ Hang to Dry Additional Instructions (in symbols or words) Dry Tumble Dry Heat Setting Any Heat High Medium Low No Heat/ Air Do Not Iron Drip Dry Dry Flat Do Not Tumble Dry Iron-dry or Steam In the Shade No Steam 200C (390F) High 150C (300F) Medium 110C (230F) Low (added to line dry.

. ironing and professional textile care. A correct care label for European countries is required to consist of five symbols in the following sequence: washing. bleaching. Symbol Drying Process tumble drying possible normal temperature tumble drying possible drying at lower temperature do not tumble dry Symbol Ironing Process iron at a maximum sole plate temperature of 200 C iron at a maximum sole plate temperature of 150 C iron at a maximum sole plate temperature of 110 C steam-ironing may cause irreversible damage do not iron Symbol Textile Care Process professional dry cleaning in tetrachloroethene and all solvents listed for the symbol F normal process professional dry cleaning in tetrachloroethene and all solvents listed for the symbol F mild process professional dry cleaning in hydrocarbons (distillation temperature between 150 C and 210 C. For more information. The textile care labeling symbols are managed by Ginetex (International Association for Textile Care Labeling).net. flash point between 38 C and 70 C) normal process professional dry cleaning in hydrocarbons (distillation temperature between 150 C and 210 C. Symbol Washing Process * maximum temperature 95 C normal process * maximum temperature 95 C mild process * maximum temperature 60 C normal process * maximum temperature 60 C mild process * maximum temperature 50 C mild process * maximum temperature 40 C normal process * maximum temperature 40 C mild process * maximum temperature 40 C very mild process * maximum temperature 30 C very mild process maximum temperature 40 C * hand wash only do not wash * Note: The symbols most popularly used in the U. The symbols are registered as international trademarks. For a period of time both blackened and line versions of the symbols will be in use. flash point between 38 C and 70 C) mild process do not dry clean Symbol Bleaching Process any oxidizing bleaching agent allowed only oxygen / non-chlorine bleach allowed do not bleach / no bleach professional wet cleaning normal process professional wet cleaning mild process professional wet cleaning very mild process Note: ISO 3758 has not been amended to show the change in the ‘Do Not Bleach’ symbol. Ginetex has 16 member countries. the national committees of which administer the right to reproduce these symbols in their countries.European Care Labeling Individual technical committees of the European Union and International Standards Organisation reviewed existing care label standards and have created a unified system under the ISO scheme which is published as ISO 3758:2005.ginetex. drying.K. see www.

The symbol ‘ ’ indicates that clothes ironed should be covered with another cloth. dry-cleaning. bleaching. the symbols for ironing may be omitted (Except cannot be ironed). 2.160 C) Ironed at low temperature (between 80 C . and drying. Washing (with water) 95 60 40 40 Washable . 40 .based solvent Cannot be dry-cleaned Wringing Wrung gently Cannot be wrung Drying Hung and drip . (Except cannot be dry-cleaned). The word ‘ ’ indicates that neutral detergent should be used.maximum temperature 40 C Machine washable . 5. For products which are not usually ironed. 3. wringing. The sentence ‘ ’ indicates that a net should be used. For colored products which are not usually bleached. This order is washing. the symbol for possibility of chlorine bleach may be omitted. For products which can be washed with water. Use solvent of perchloroethylene or petroleum .120 C) Cannot be ironed Dry-cleaning Can be dry-cleaned.Japanese Care Labeling Japanese care instructions. must be in a specified order. The symbols should be either in black or dark blue whereas the prohibition symbols are in red on a white background.dried Hung and drip .maximum temperature of 40 C 30 30 Machine washable .based matter Can be dry-cleaned Use petroleum .with slow water current or gently by hand .with slow water current or gently by hand . Attached remarks 30 1. ironing.maximum temperature 95 C Machine washable .maximum temperature 60 C Machine washable . like other care label systems. 4.maximum temperature 30 C Cannot be washed with water Possibility of chlorine bleaching Chlorine-based bleaching allowed Do not use chlorine-based bleach Ironing Ironed at high temperature (between 180 C . 3. the symbols for dry-cleaning may be omitted.dried in the shade Laid down to dry Laid down to dry in the shade Labeling method 1.maximum temperature of 30 C Gently hand wash only . Symbols should be arranged from left to right according to the following sequence 40 2.210 C) Ironed at medium temperature (between 140 C .

amber.Canadian Care Labeling The Canadian standard for care labeling has been revised. The new version has symbols in black and white replacing the previous “traffic light” colors of green. Any additional information must appear in English and French. The new standard is harmonized with the American and international standards for care labeling using five basic symbols which must appear in the sequence: washing. professional textile care. Guide to Apparel Care Symbols Machine Wash Cycles Do Not Wring Normal Permanent Press Delicate/Gentle Hand Wash Wash Do Not Wash W Wet-Clean (Maximum) (200F) (160F) (140F) (120F) (105F) (65F-85F) Symbol(s) 95 C 70 C 60 C 50 C 40 C 30 C Do Not Wet-Clean Water Temperatures Bleach Do Not Bleach Any Bleach When Needed Only Non-Chlorine Bleach When Needed Tumble Dry Cycles Do Not Tumble Dry Normal Permanent Press Delicate/Gentle Line Dry/ Hang to Dry Dry Flat Dry Do Not Dry (used with do not wash) Heat Setting Any Heat High Medium Low No Heat/ Air Drip Dry In the Shade Iron-Dry or Steam Iron Do Not Iron or Press 200 C (390F) High 150 C (300F) Medium 110 C (230F) Low (added to iron) No Steam Dry-clean . ironing. and red.Normal Cycle P Professional Textile Care Do Not Dry-clean Any Solvent Except Trichloroethylene F Petroleum Solvent Only . drying. bleaching.

Dryclean in accordance with F but with restricted water amount or mechanical action or temperature during cleaning or drying. For an adhesive label. *Drying method (may be tumble dried cold/warm/hot. B. The labeling system consists of: 1. For a label sewn in more than one side. . For articles which are packaged. boil) 2. the label shall have similar shrinkage characteristics to the base fabric. warm. dry flat. line dry) 4. Drycleaning methods are expressed in symbol as listed below: A P Dryclean in any solvent normally used for drycleaning. Washing temperature (cold. an extra care label must be given on a wing ticket or adhesive label. phrases stating washing temperature and agitation may be combined to form a concise phrase. it should not produce any bubbling or delamination when the garment is subject to cleansing treatment. gentle machine wash. Bleaching instruction 5. Do not dryclean. white spirit or fluorocarbons as normally used in drycleaning. 3. D. or in a pamphlet accompanying the articles. A. machine wash) Note: Where appropriate. Position of label attachment must be “clearly visible” or “accessible”. short machine wash. P F F These symbols are to be used in conjunction with the phrase (Drycleanable / Dryclean only/ Drycleaning recommended). e. very hot. cool. warm.g. drip dry. steam) 6. C. Dryclean in white spirit or Trifluorotrichloroethane.Australian Care Labeling Permanent Care Label Requirement The wording of the label shall be in English and clearly legible. Dryclean in accordance with P but with restricted water amount or mechanical action or temperature during cleaning or drying. hot machine. Agitation (hand wash. *Ironing (do not iron. hot. warm hand wash. Dryclean in perchloroethylene. hot. displayed or folded in such a way that the information is inaccessible.

Maximum washing temperature 40 C .Hang and drip dry away from the direct sunlight exposure .Maximum washing temperature 60 C .Very mild process .Maximum washing temperature 30 C .Maximum washing temperature 70 C .Do not bleach Symbol .Only oxygen / non-chlorine bleach allowed .Maximum washing temperature 95 C . Sufficient and appropriate symbols shall be used to ensure garment would not be damaged during cleaning process.Maximum washing temperature 30 C .Normal process .Normal process . ironing and professional cleaning in sequence.Flat and drip dry .Tumble dry . bleaching.Maximum washing temperature 40 C .Flat and drip dry away from the direct sunlight exposure Symbol Tumble Dry .Mild process .Maximum exhaust temperature: 80 C .Maximum exhaust temperature: 60 C .Flat dry .Maximum washing temperature 60 C .Do not wash Natural Air Dry .Chinese Care Labeling National Textile Base Standard Technical Sub-committee discussed and voted for revision of GB/T 8685 in the Huangshan annual technical meeting in April 2008.Normal process .Tumble dry .Flat dry away from the direct sunlight exposure . An updated standard GB/T 8685-2008 is issued and is effective from 1 March 2009.Hang and drip dry .Hang dry away from the direct sunlight exposure . drying.Maximum washing temperature 40 C .Hand wash .Maximum washing temperature 50 C .Maximum washing temperature 50 C .Maximum washing temperature 30 C .Maximum washing temperature 40 C .Mild process . A permanence label shall include symbols of washing.Do not tumble dry .Very mild process .Normal process .Any bleaching agent allowed .Normal process .Hang dry .Mild process . Symbol Washing Process .Mild process .Normal process Symbol Bleaching .

Mild process .Professional wet cleaning .Do not iron Symbol Textile Care Process .Iron at a maximum sole plate temperature of 110 C .Normal process .Chinese Care Labeling Symbol Iron .Professional drycleaning in hydrocarbons (distillation temperature between 150 C ~ 210 C.Professional wet cleaning .Very mild process .Do not dryclean .Professional drycleaning in tetrachloroethene and all solvents listed for the symbol F .Mild process .Professional drycleaning in tetrachloroethene and all solvents listed for the symbol F .Normal process .Professional wet cleaning .Professional drycleaning in hydrocarbons (distillation temperature between 150 C ~ 210 C.Mild process . flash point between 38 C ~ 70 C) .Normal process .Iron at a maximum sole plate temperature of 150 C . flash point between 38 C ~ 70 C) .Iron at a maximum sole plate temperature of 200 C .Steam-ironing may cause irreversible damage .

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