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ABSTRACT

This project ³RF PLANNING IN GSM´ is used for planning and using radio frequency to its maximum utility. It is based on cell concept, where the system consists of different cells and each cell is useds to transmit and receive signal from mobile station (MS), for proper working of base station (BS). These parameters include the coverage area of cell which depends on various factors like transmission power of base station (BS), location of base station (BS). This project will help to implement the radio network with best signal level coverage and C/I coverage with the software Atoll. Atoll is a comprehensive window-based multi-technology and userfriendly radio-planning environment that supports wireless telecom operators during the whole network lifetime from initial design to densification and optimization. More than an engineering tool, Atoll is an open, scalable and flexible technical information system that integrates easily with other IT systems, increases productivity and shortens lead times

GSM 3.3 Field distribution 2.1 Principle of antenna 2. Radio communication basics 2.2.TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER NO 1.1 Electromagnetic waves 2.2.3.3.3.2. 1 1 3 4 4 4 5 5 6 6 7 7 7 7 8 8 9 Mobile communication history 1.3 Impedance 2. TITLE PAGE NO.1 history of mobile communication 1.2 Antenna 2.4 Antenna used 2.2 Mechanical features 2.5 Half power beam width 3.2.3 Antenna parameters 2.2 Gain 2.3.1 Introduction 9 .1 Propagation pattern 2.2 cellular Era 2.3.4 VSWR 2.

4 GSM channels 3.4.5 GSM frame structure 4.3 Frequency Reuse 4.1.2 GSM architecture 3.4.5 Different types of cell 4.8 Adjacent channel interference 4.4 Shape of cells 4.6.3 GSM interfaces 3.3. Cellular concepts 4.7 Co channel interference 4.4.1 Physical channel 3.6 Operating environment 4.1 Channel types 3.3 Doppler effect 4.1 Slow fading 4.1.6.2 Logical channel 3.9 Trucking 10 15 16 16 16 16 18 21 21 22 22 22 23 23 24 24 24 25 25 26 .6.2 Rayleigh fading 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Frequency scarcity problem 4.

4.3 Tools used 5. RF planning 5.2 Highlights of Atoll 5.10 Grade of service 4.4 Task assigned to form a GSM radio network with following specifications 6.11 Cell splitting and sectoring 4.12 Handover 5. 7. Building the project step by step Conclusion 26 26 27 28 28 28 29 30 33 54 55 References .1 About Atoll 5.

1 GSM Air Interface Specification ErlangB table 10 32 LIST OF FIGURES 1.1 First car mounted telephone 2.3 Half power beam width 3.2 GSM interfaces 3.1 GSM architecture 3.LIST OF TABLES 3.1 A cluster of cell 4.2 Antenna 2.4 cell sectoring and frequency reuse 1 4 5 8 10 15 19 21 25 26 27 .3 GSM frame structure 4.3 cell splitting 4.1 5.1 Electromagnetic spectrum 2.2 Co-channel interference 4.