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Examination --Antenna theory and technique, TNE083/TEN1

Friday, 2009-12-18, 08:00-12:00 Allowed Aids: Only pens, pencils, ruler and a calculator (memory erased) are allowed to bring with you. Instructions: 1) Explain and motivate your assumption, show all steps in your calculations. 2) Write your anonymous exam-ID on every page. 3) Please make sure your handwriting clear, not readable handwriting will be treated as incorrect answer. Examiner: Qingxiang Zhao (tel.011-363255, Office: Täppan TP6173) Grade: not passed (U), 3, 4 and 5

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(IV) For two isotropic sources. ((A) efficiency. 2. in the transmitting mode. ((A) traveling. (C) ominidirectional antenna). 2 .1. guided. excitation current is 2 A and operating frequency is 1 GHz.((A) directional antenna. (II) A radiator having equal radiation in all directions is referred to as a _______. a) Find the array factor. The elements have excitations (different amplitudes) with the same phase as shown in the Figure.Choose the correct answer in each of following questions. An array of isotropic sources consists of five elements. calculate (a) the antenna radiation resistance. (B) lambda/2. what is the minimum spacing between elements required in order to form at least one null in the array factor? ((A) lambda/4. For this arrangement. (C) guided. A dipole antenna has the following parameters. converts _______ waves to ___________ waves. free-space). The radiation produced by the antenna is observed by a suitable equipped receiver at a distance of 200 m. (C) lambda). traveling.5 λ.((A) directional radiator. both fed with the same amplitude and phase. (B) isotropic radiator. length is 0. spaced according to the Figure below with equal spacing d between the elements.(C) guided radiator).(B) free-space. 3. (III) A portion of the radiation pattern bounded by regions of relatively weak radiation is referred to as radiation_________. (C) impedance). (c) the gain of the dipole relative to isotropic source. (I) An antenna is a device that. (V) A radiator having the property of radiating or receiving electromagnetic waves more effectively in some directions than in others is referred to as a _______. (b) the electric field and magnetic field strength at the observation point. (B) lobe. b) Find the smallest spacing d such that a null is formed in the = 0◦ plane at an angle of = 45◦ from the z axis. (B) isotropic antenna.

i.83. Derive the equation which relates the power received to the power transmitted between these two antennas (in the so called free-space path equation or Friis transmission equation form). z2=3. 5. the gain of the array relative to a single conter-fed halfwavelength dipole antenna. Please indicate your bonus from your home work assignments. . For this arrangement. Assume that the mutual impedance between dipole is 40 –j30  . Two antennas are separated by a distance R. . For the Bessel function [J1(zn) = 0] occur at z1=0.17. . and the elements are supplied with equal power signals but different excitation current and different phase as indicated in the following figure. and derive the normalized array factor. z3=7. The element separation is one-quarter wavelength. 6. 7. we wish to find the ratio of the currents at the input terminals of the antenna. Hint: The far-field components radiated by a circular loop of radius a and constant current I0 are given by where J1(z) is the Bessel function of the first order.4. b) Find the angles where the nulls occur. Design a constant current circular loop so that its far-field pattern has a null in the plane of the loop. Bonus= 3 .02. Consider two conter-fed half-wavelength dipole antenna arranged to form a two element endfire array.e. and three nulls above and three nulls below the plane of the loop. a) Find the radius of the loop. z4=10.