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Colleen Justine N.

Buenaventura II-4 #2 English Literary period Time Characteristics Outstanding Author Outstanding Literature

Ancient literature Nara Period

AD 710-794

Heian Period


Agricultural in nature and centered around villages. Most of the villages followed Shinto, a religion based on worship of natural and ancestral spirits. Empress Gemei established the capital of Heijo- kyo (present day Nara). The final period of classical Japanese history. The period in Japanese history when Buddhism, Taoism, and Chinese influences were at their height. Although the Imperial House of Japan had power on the surface, the real power was in the hands of the Fujiwara clan.

Unknown commoners, emperors

Kokin Wakashu or Kokinshu (Collection of Poems from Ancient and Modern times), Man’yoshu (Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves) an anthology of 4, 500 poems, Tanka (verse form comprising 31 syllables: 57-5-7-7) Genji Monogatari (Tale of Genji), Makura no soshi (The Pillow Book), Konjaku Monogatari (Tales of a Time That Is Now Past)

Murasaki Shikibu, Sei Shonagon

Medieval Literature Kamakura- Muromachi Period

1185- 1573

Warriors of the Taira clan seized political Power at the imperial court. It is a grand Epic deeply rooted in Buddhist ethics.

Kamo no Chomei

Hojoki (An Account of My Hut), Shin kokin wakashu (New Collection of Poems from Ancient and Modern Times), Taiheki (Chronicle of the Great Peace)

merchants.Modern Literature Edo Period 1603. Fires on the Plain. but on the whole. 45 year reign of the Meiji Emperor. Ihara Saikaku. Influenced by Confucian principles of social order. Koda Rohan. Ruled by Baron Kantaro Suzuki. Emperor Meiji made Shinto the official religion. Shusako Endo. Shohei Ooka. governance of Edo or Tokugawa shogun ate. Beginning of the early modern period of Japan. It was this time that the E ja nai ka movement. Japan began its modernization and rose to world power status. was rigid and highly formalized. Shiga Naoya Leaving Asia (essay). The social order based on inherited position rather than personal merits. World War II and Japan’s defeat deeply influenced Japanese literature. Joruri. Japanese religiosity may have decreased. Woman in the Dunes. Kenzaburo Oe. Haiku (forming 17 syllables: 5-7-5). took place. The population was divided into four classes: samurai. peasants. During this time. Ugetsu Monogatari (Tales of Moonlight and Rain) Yukichi Fukuzawa. Numerous “New Religions” cropped up. a spontaneous outbreak of ecstatic behavior. Kazuo Ishiguro The Setting Sun. Yosa Buson. Botchan and Kokoro Post war Literature 1946. Ripening Summer .onwards Osamu Dazai. many of them ostensibly based on Shinto. Ueda Akinari Renga ( successively linked verses by several people forming a long poem). Ozaki Koyo. A Personal Matter. Yukio Mishima.1868 Meiji Period 1868-1912 Takugawa period. craftsmen. Mori Ogai.

html http://en.931945. The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle. There was a growing emphasis on women’s roles. Manga Sources: http://kanzaki. the Japanese persona in the modern world and the malaise of common people lost in the complexities of urban culture. non-fiction and children’s literature all flourished in urban Japan. Norwegian Wood.80.Contemporary Literature Present Although modern Japanese writers covered a wide variety of subjects. Banana Haruki . one particular Japanese approach stressed their subject’s inner lives. Popular fiction.wikipedia.E2.