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1>What are the major differences between ESX 3.5 and Vsphere?

The diffrence between ESX 3.5 and ESX 4 is substantially the arch they use. ESX 3.5 is x86 based (32bit) while ESX 4 is based on x86_64 (64bit). At least ESX 4 is the newer version that fits into the VMware vSphere environment, the older ESX 3.x products are part of the VMware Virtual Infrastructure (VI).
with ESX 4 you will gain improved performance as well as new features - such as increased memory for the VMs increased to 256 GB, up to 8 virtual CPUs, upto 10 virtual NIcs with the new virtual hardware just to name a few -

2 What are the major differences between ESX and ESXi

The VMWare ESXi does not have the Linux kernel that is used by the VMWare ESX. The ESXi has a much smaller disk footprint compared to the ESX. It can run on 32mb of Ram whereas ESX needed 2GB Ram The ESXi is often sold as a built-in hypervisor, unlike the the ESX. The ESXi requires much fewer updates compared to the ESX. The ESXi lacks the console that most ESX users
2> What is the procedure to upgrade from ESX 3.5 to Vsphere? 3> Will HA and DRS work if Vcenter goes down?
HA will still work if its been configured vcenter is not required for HA to function, only required to configue HA. DRS requires vmotion which is a vcenter function so it will stop functioning. FT im not 100% but i belive its the same as HA once configured through vcenter it will still function if vcenter was to go down. The primary and secondary vm exchange heartbeats to make sure both are available and if not then it fails over without the need of vcenter. but if vcenter is unavailable and and FT has failed to the secondary i believe you will need vcenter up and available to set it back up.

5> What is Vmotion?

VMware VMotion enables the live migration of running virtual machines from one physical server to another with zero downtime, continuous service availability, and complete transaction integrity. It is transparent to users. VMotion lets you:

903 VI client(Via VC) to virtual center . 7> Where do configure Vmotion-.• • • Automatically optimize and allocate entire pools of resources for maximum hardware utilization and availability.. The two ESX servers involved must use (the same) shared storage.? Cluster Level 6> What are port groups? port groups is a network hubs connected to a single vswitch port. Proactively migrate virtual machines away from failing or underperforming servers..Cluster Level. The two ESX servers involved must have access to the same physical networks. The two ESX servers involved must be connected via Gigabit Ethernet (or better).902. Host level. The VM's affinity must not be set (aka.902. This actually makes sense for multiple reasons: All members of a port group share common attributes like a VLAN tag All members of a port group can see all of the packets sent by other members of this port group A port group is always connected to a single vswitch 7> How many default ports are created on installation of ESX 3.443 . The VM must not be clustered with another VM (using a cluster service like the Microsoft Cluster Service (MSCS)). 6> What are the prerequisites to enable Vmotion? • • • • • • • The VM cannot be connected to a CD-ROM or floppy drive that is using an ISO or floppy image stored on a drive that is local to the host server.5? Vi client(Direct) to ESX server . Perform hardware maintenance without any scheduled downtime. The two ESX servers involved must have compatible CPUs.903 VI client(Via VC) to VM remote console .443 Vi client(Direct) to VM remote console . bound to physical CPUs)..

902 TCP+UDP VMHA to VMHA .2050-2250 8042-8045 TCP+UDP ESX to ISCSI . 9> What are differences between convert to template and clone to a template options. As a template is the original and perfect image of a particular VM. vCenter does NOT provide you with the ability to host virtual machines. vCenter has two parts. 10> What could be the maximum host failure in a cluster? maximum nodes in a cluster for HA was 16 while it is 32 when only using DRS 11> what is the difference between Vsphere( VI Client) client and Vcenter ? VCenter is the management application and licensing server. 13> What is minimum hardware configurations to install Vcenter? . They're useful because they act as a protected version of a model VM which can be used to create new VMs. the server and the client.take a VM and turn it into a Template.3260 ESX to NFS . for a VM? Cloning .Should be in domain. it cannot be powered on or run.virtual center to ESX server .to make a complete copy of the VM/Template with a new name somewhere else. The server has the databse and does all the work. and now vCenter has all the licensing built in.8000 ESX communications . Clone to Template .They did away with the separate license server for version 4. It's the vSphere replacement for the Virtual Infrastructure Client/VMware license server. the client can be installed on several machines and connects to the vCenter server to manage your hosts/clusters/VMs 12> What are the requirements to install Vcenter? Windows server Sp1 or XP sp2.902(UDP) Vmotion from one ESX to another ESX .443 ESX server to Virtual center Agent Heartbeat . you need vSphere for that.2049 License Server to ESx server .27010 & 27000 6> What is default port number for iSCSI? 3260 8> What are templates? A template is a "golden" copy of a virtual machine (VM) organized by folders and managed with permissions.to make a complete copy of a VM into a Template Convert to Template .

Again. an additional 22GB Database of space is required to accommodate storage of patches. The downside to the web interface is that you can only perform basic ESX functions like controlling existing machines (start/stop/pause) and console remote access. 15> What is Service Console? Why do you need Service Console? Service console is for managing ESX hosts communication 16> Does service console work on Linux OS? 17> What is VMkernel? Is Vmkernel based on Linux ? The VMkernel is the kernel used by VMware ESX. It is a best practice to Processor use a faster processor if the vCenter Database runs on the same server. and power up all the Virtual Machines simultaneously. A 100MB network connection can be used.5GB reclaimed after the installation is complete. If Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Express is installed as the database. A minimum of 1GB of additional storage is required in addition to the storage required for the operating system installation. You cannot add new VMs. scheduler. Still. 2GB of disk space is required during the installation. but a 1GB network connection is Networking recommended. filesystem (vmfs). work with VM storage. 2GB of RAM. 18> What are different interfaces available to access an ESX host? Web access. and virtual machine monitor (vmm). it is a best practice to use more RAM if the database is running on the same server.Component Requirement 2. The benefit to using this is that you get a GUI client for your ESX server without having to install a client on your local machine. The memory is allocated at system startup. or VM networks. Memory The VMware vCenter Management Webservices require from 128MB to 1. memory allocator. this is a great interface if . with 1. If the VMware vCenter Update Manager service is installed on the same system. will there be a IP conflict? If yes how to resolve this | What if DHCP server is disabled | Are there anything we can do to prevent an ip conflict on deploying Virtual machines? Yes if we sysprep we can get rid of this issue. 14> When you deploy 10 Virtual Machines from a template. It provides basic operating system services needed to support virtualization: hardware abstraction. hardware drivers.VI client and Vcenter VMware VI Web Access interface.5GB of additional memory.0GHz or greater Intel or AMD x86 based processor.

or use console remote control. This pool can have associated access control and permissions. However. the VI client can be used with the VMware Virtual Center Server VC Server : From this VI VC interface. explain in brief the options it provides? A NIC team can share the load of traffic between physical and virtual networks among some or all of its members. of course. Inside the pool. 23> What is NIC teaming. Even better. you can manage all ESX servers. and more. Virtual Center. resources are allocated based on the CPU and memory shares that are defined. as well as provide passive failover in the event of a hardware failure or a network outage. restart a VM. 19> When you access an ESX Host through VCenter or VI client. the installation is negligible and the VI client is the absolute best way to administer your ESX Server. VM storage. 24> What are different types of Converstions? VMware standalone Converter VMware vCenter Converter 25> What do you mean by consolidate backup? . VM networks. The only downside is that you must install the VI client application to do this. on service console or VMkernel? Yes 22> What do you mean be resource pools? Explain A VMware ESX Resource pool is a pool of CPU and memory resources. is an optional product that requires additional licenses and hardware. VMware Virtual Infrastructure Client (VI Client) : The benefits to the VI client are that you have full access to do whatever is needed on the ESX Server and you get a GUI client to do it in.you just need to check the status of your ESX VMs. does it contact service console or Vmkernel? Service console 20> Are the changes we make through Vcenter or VI client.

. In IT (information technology).5? 27> what is Thin Provisioning? 29> What are the maximum number of extents that can added to a LUN? Max number of extents .DRS is a service or feature that will dynamically allocate and balance computing resources across the hosts in a cluster HA . Utilizes VMware Snapshots 26> What are the disaster recovery options available in Vsphere or ESX 3. VMotion and HA ? DPM .32 30> What is DPM.VMware HA (High Availability) is a utility that eliminates the need for dedicated standby hardware and software in a virtualized environment. the term high availability refers to a system or component that is continuously operational for long periods.VMware’s Distributed Power Manager (DPM) is part of VMware’s Distributed Resource Scheduler (DRS). The utility is part of a virtualization suite called VMware Infrastructure 3. DPM can fit into that by migrating VM guests off of servers that are not in use and shut the host system down. Here are the benefits of this.VMware Consolidated Backup is a proxy server that assisted with local area network-free backups of virtual machines (VMs). This configuration eliminates the backup traffic from a network.both full and incremental (file level backup available to only Windows guests) Provide image-level backups Prevent you from having to load a backup agent on every Virtual Machine Prevent you from having to shutdown Virtual Machines to get a backup Provides LAN-Free backup because the VCB server is connected to the SAN through your fibre channel adaptor Provides centralized storage of Virtual Server backups on the VCB server. freeing up ESX server resources for VM performance. that is then moved to your backup tapes through the 3rd party backup agent you install Reduces the load on the VMware ESX servers by not having to load a 3rd party backup agent on either the VMware ESX service console or on each virtual machine. Just as DRS works to optimize the resource load across multiple ESX host servers. DRS. • • • • • • • • • Centralize backups of VMware ESX Virtual Servers Provide file-level backups of VMware ESX Virtual Servers . DRS .

resources are allocated based on the CPU and memory shares that are defined. VMware VMFS (Virtual Machine File System) is a cluster file system that facilitates storage virtualization for multiple installations of VMware ESX Server. a hypervisor that partitions physical servers into multiple virtual machines. Explain why VMware ESX Server is preferred over Virtual Server or Workstation for enterprise implementation? 37. What are resource pools & whats the advantage of implementing them? A VMware ESX Resource pool is a pool of CPU and memory resources.0 ? • • • • • Local Fibre Channel (FC) ISCSI (Hardware iniatiated) ISCSI (software iniatiated) NFS (NFS client is built-in into ESX server) . 38. The size of a volume can be changed as needed without disrupting network operations. Inside the pool. VMFS is part of the virtualization suite called VMware Infrastructure 3. With VMFS.Key features of VMware HA include: • • • • • Proactive monitoring of all physical servers and virtual machines Automatic detection of server failure Rapid restart of virtual machines affected by server failure Optimal placement of virtual machines after server failure Scalable availability up to 32 nodes across multiple servers 33. In the event of a server failure. This pool can have associated access control and permissions. Explain advantages or features of Vmware Virtual Machine File System (VMFS) ? VMware's VMFS is a file system that will allow multiple nodes or multiple VMware ESX servers to read and write to the same LUN or VMFS partition concurrently. new virtual machines can be created without the oversight of a storage administrator. VMware ESX servers can be added or removed from a VMFS volume without affecting other hosts. What are the types of datastores supported in ESX3. Multiple installations of VMware ESX Server can be used to simultaneously write and read data to and from a single storage location. a distributed journaling file system allows for rapid system recovery and prevents catastrophic loss of data. 34. The file and block sizes can be adjusted to optimize the I/O (input/output) functionality of each virtual machine.

What is Vmware Consolidate Backup (VCB) ? Explain your work exposure in this area ? • • • • • • • • • Centralize backups of VMware ESX Virtual Servers Provide file-level backups of VMware ESX Virtual Servers .What SAN or NAS boxes have you configured VMware with ? How did you do that ? 44.Explain your work related to below terms : VM Provisioning: Alarms & Even Management: Task Scheduler: Hardware Compatibility List: 43.40.Have you ever faced ESX server crashing and Virtual Centre Server crash? How do you know the cause of these crashes in these cases ? . Utilizes VMware Snapshots 41.both full and incremental (file level backup available to only Windows guests) Provide image-level backups Prevent you from having to load a backup agent on every Virtual Machine Prevent you from having to shutdown Virtual Machines to get a backup Provides LAN-Free backup because the VCB server is connected to the SAN through your fibre channel adaptor Provides centralized storage of Virtual Server backups on the VCB server.How do you configure Vmware Virtual Centre Management Server for HA & DRS ? What are the conditions to be satisfied for this setup ? 42. What kind of applications or setups you have on you Virtual Machines? 45. that is then moved to your backup tapes through the 3rd party backup agent you install Reduces the load on the VMware ESX servers by not having to load a 3rd party backup agent on either the VMware ESX service console or on each virtual machine.