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CANON 9 - A LAWYER SHALL NOT, DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY, -a lawyer must give and maintain due respect to the courts

due respect to the courts and judicial

-assistance to unauthorized practice of law is prohibited -the highest sign of respect to the courts is the lawyer’s obedience to
-from American Bar CPR, the public can better be assured of the court orders and processes
requisite responsibility and competence if practice of law is confined to -Case: Zaldivar vs Sandiganbayan-owes duties of fidelity and respect
those are licensed to practice it to the Republic and to this Court as an embodiment and the repository
of the judicial power in the government of the Republic.
Rule 9.01 - A lawyer shall not delegate to any unqualified person the -pleading containing derogatory, offensive or malicious statements
performance of any task which by law may only be performed by a submitted to the court or judge in which the proceedings are pending,
member of the bar in good standing. constitutes direct contempt
-delegation of legal work to an unqualified person is misbehavior
-practice of law is limited only to individuals duly qualified in moral Rule 11.01 - A lawyer shall appear in court properly attired.
character and education and who passed the Bar Exams. Rule 11.02 - A lawyer shall punctually appear at court hearings.
-lawyer cannot delegate his authority without client’s consent even to a Rule 11.03 - A lawyer shall abstain from scandalous, offensive or
qualified(lawyer) person menacing language or behavior before the Courts.
-A lawyer’s language should be dignified in keeping with the dignity of
Rule 9.02 - A lawyer shall not divide or stipulate to divide a fee for legal the legal profession.
services with persons not licensed to practice law, except: -A lawyer’s arguments, written or oral, should be gracious to both court
(a) Where there is a pre-existing agreement with a partner or associate and opposing counsel and be of such words as may be properly
that, upon the latter's death, money shall be paid over a reasonable addressed by one gentleman to another.
period of time to his estate or to persons specified in the agreement; or -the lawyer’s disavowal of any offensive intent-in using defamatory
(b) Where a lawyer undertakes to complete unfinished legal business words—is of no avail
of a deceased lawyer; or
(c) Where a lawyer or law firm includes non-lawyer employees in a Rule 11.04 - A lawyer shall not attribute to a Judge motives not
retirement plan even if the plan is based in whole or in part, on a profit supported by the record or have no materiality to the case.
sharing agreement. -it is not contemptuous when a lawyer demand that the misbehavior of
-division of attorney’s fees with non-lawyers is prohibited, the 3 a judge be placed on record
exemptions provided -lawyers must however be courageous enough to expose arbitrariness
-rationale: if allowed, it would leave the public in hopeless confusion as and injustices of courts and judges
to whom to consult in case of necessity & would leave the bar in
chaotic condition Rule 11.05 - A lawyer shall submit grievances against a Judge to the
proper authorities only.
CHAPTER III. THE LAWYER AND THE COURTS -A lawyer has the duty to defend a judge from unfounded criticism or
CANON 10 - A LAWYER OWES CANDOR, FAIRNESS AND GOOD groundless personal attack.
FAITH TO THE COURT. -criminal complaints against judges in connection with their duties as
-reason: The burden cast on the judiciary would be intolerable if it such must be filed with the SC not with the Ombudsman
could not take at face value what is asserted by counsel
-lawyer is an officer of the court; his duty is to uphold the authority and CANON 12 - A LAWYER SHALL EXERT EVERY EFFORT AND
dignity of the court to which he owes fidelity and not to promote distrust CONSIDER IT HIS DUTY TO ASSIST IN THE SPEEDY AND
in the administration of justice EFFICIENT ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE.
-refiling a case which was already litigated before is not forum -A speedy and efficient administration of justice which is mandated by
shopping but nevertheless a violation of Canon10 the Constitution is a joint responsibility of the judges and lawyers.
**dilatory tactics-act which obstruct justice
Rule 10.01 - A lawyer shall not do any falsehood, nor consent to the
doing of any in Court; nor shall he mislead, or allow the Court to be Rule 12.01 - A lawyer shall not appear for trial unless he has
misled by any artifice. adequately prepared himself on the law and the facts of his case, the
-All lawyer is expected to act in good faith just as anybody (Art. 19 evidence he will adduce and the order of its proferrence. He should
NCC) in all his dealing specially those with the court. also be ready with the original documents for comparison with the
-duty not to mislead a judge copies.
-some cases of falsehoods which merited discipline: Rule 12.02 - A lawyer shall not file multiple actions arising from the
1.falsely stating a fact in a deed of sale same cause.
2.making it a appear that a dead person execute a deed of sale -A lawyer shall not file an action which is the subject of a similar
3.concealing the fact that he was charged with or convicted of a crime pending action.
4.falsifying document -FORUM SHOPPING-There is forum shopping when as a result of an
5.uttering falsehood in pleadings and motion to dismiss adverse opinion in one forum, a party seeks a favorable opinion in
**offering false testimony in evidence is a crime (Art. 184 of the RPC) another.
-when he institutes two or more actions or proceedings grounded on
Rule 10.02 - A lawyer shall not knowingly misquote or misrepresent the the same cause, on the gamble that one or the other court would make
contents of a paper, the language or the argument of opposing a favorable disposition
counsel, or the text of a decision or authority, or knowingly cite as law Effect: dismissal of all actions pending in the different courts without
a provision already rendered inoperative by repeal or amendment, or prejudice to the taking of appropriate action against the counsel or
assert as a fact that which has not been proved. party concerned
Violations: -client and not counsel should sign the certification against forum
-knowingly misquoting or misrepresenting shopping
**When a lawyer makes a quotation of a decision in his pleading, he -lawyer has the duty to disclose the prior dismissal of his case by a
should quote the same verbatim to avoid misleading the court. court of concurrent jurisdiction
-knowingly citing a law, a provision already rendered inoperative by RES JUDICATA-if one case had already been litigated before (the
repeal or amendment decision therein having become final and executor) and it is refilled by
-asserting as a fact that which has not been proved the same party
-foisting a nonexistent rule
Rule 12.03 - A lawyer shall not, after obtaining extensions of time to file
Rule 10.03 - A lawyer shall observe the rules of procedure and shall pleadings, memoranda or briefs, let the period lapse without submitting
not misuse them to defeat the ends of justice. the same or offering an explanation for his failure to do so.
-the aim of a lawsuit is to render justice and the rules of procedure are -a lawyer who asked for extension of time (Motion for Extension of
precisely designed to attain such objective. Time) must act in good faith
-lawyers should file their pleadings on time or they suffer the
AND SHOULD INSIST ON SIMILAR CONDUCT BY OTHERS. Rule 12.04 - A lawyer shall not unduly delay a case, impede the
execution of a judgment or misuse Court processes.
-he must not cause undue delay of any case, or impede the execution
of a judgment or misuse court processes Rule 14.01 - A lawyer shall not decline to represent a person solely on
-once a judgment has become final, the winning be not, through account of the latter's race, sex. creed or status of life, or because of
subterfuge, deprived of the fruits of the verdict. his own opinion regarding the guilt of said person.
-a judge should prevent dilatory tactics of lawyers -applicable only to criminal cases not to civil cases
-a lawyer should utilize the rules of procedure to attain the ends of Rule 14.02 - A lawyer shall not decline, except for serious and
justice and not to frustrate them sufficient cause, an appointment as counsel de officio or as amicus
curiae, or a request from the Integrated Bar of the Philippines or any of
Rule 12.05 - A lawyer shall refrain from talking to his witness during a its chapters for rendition of free legal aid.
break or recess in the trial, while the witness is still under examination. -the duty to appoint the counsel de officio rests upon the presiding
-a lawyer shall not coach a witness during break or recess, such act is judge
condemned -the lawyer is duty bound to exert his best efforts and professional
ability in behalf of the person assigned to his care.
Rule 12.06 - A lawyer shall not knowingly assist a witness to -a lawyer should not also decline an appointment as amicus curiae
misrepresent himself or to impersonate another. except for serious and sufficient cause.
-the witness who commits misrepresentation or impersonation is -amicus curiae means “friend of the court”, known to be an expert or
criminally liable for False Testimony under arts. 181, 182 or 183 of the knowledgeable on certain matters of law in regard to which the judge
RPC. may be doubtful or might go wrong; not a party to the action

Rule 12.07 - A lawyer shall not abuse, browbeat or harass a witness Rule 14.03 - A lawyer may not refuse to accept representation of an
nor needlessly inconvenience him. indigent client if:
-lawyers should treat witnesses with fairness (a) he is not in a position to carry out the work effectively or
-judges are equally mandated to be courteous to litigants and competently;
witnesses (b) he labors under a conflict of interest between him and the
prospective client or between a present client and the prospective
Rule 12.08 - A lawyer shall avoid testifying in behalf of his client, client.
except: Rule 14.04 - A lawyer who accepts the cause of a person unable to
(a) on formal matters, such as the mailing, authentication or custody of pay his professional fees shall observe the same standard of conduct
an instrument, and the like; or governing his relations with paying clients.
(b) on substantial matters, in cases where his testimony is essential to
the ends of justice, in which event he must, during his testimony, CANON 15 - A LAWYER SHALL OBSERVE CANDOR, FAIRNESS
entrust the trial of the case to another counsel. AND LOYALTY IN ALL HIS DEALINGS AND TRANSACTIONS WITH
Rationale: the underlying reason for the impropriety of a lawyer acting HIS CLIENTS.
in that dual capacity lies in the difference between the respective -deals with the lawyer’s duties to his clients in all his dealings and
functions of a witness and an advocate. transactions with them, he must be candid, fair and loyal

CANON 13 - A LAWYER SHALL RELY UPON THE MERITS OF HIS Rule 15.01. - A lawyer, in conferring with a prospective client, shall
CAUSE AND REFRAIN FROM ANY IMPROPRIETY WHICH TENDS ascertain as soon as practicable whether the matter would involve a
TO INFLUENCE, OR GIVES THE APPEARANCE OF INFLUENCING conflict with another client or his own interest, and if so, shall forthwith
THE COURT. inform the prospective client.
-a lawyer must be guided by the principles of justice. He must rely on -lawyer must immediately inform his prospective client of the
the merits of his cases and should avoid using influence and involvement of another client or his own interest in the case which will
connection to win his cases. result in representing conflict of interests.

Rule 13.01 - A lawyer shall not extend extraordinary attention or Rule 15.02.- A lawyer shall be bound by the rule on privilege
hospitality to, nor seek opportunity for cultivating familiarity with communication in respect of matters disclosed to him by a prospective
Judges. client.
-if a lawyer extends extraordinary attention or hospitality to a judge, it -lawyer must keep his confidences and secrets of his client even after
will surely lead to misconstruction of motives on the part of both the the termination of their professional relationship as lawyer and client.
judge and the lawyer. -requisites of privileged communication:
-a lawyer who resorts to such practices of seeking familiarity with a. there exist an attorney and client relationship
judges dishonors his profession and a judge who consents to them is b. the communication was made by the clint to the lawyer in the course
unworthy of his high office. of the lawyer’s professional employment
-a lawyer should not communicate or argue privately with the judge as c. the communication must be intended to be confidential
to the merits of a pending case. - Two-fold Purposes of the Rule:
-it is highly improper for a judge to meet privately with an accused who 1. to encourage a client to make a full disclosure of the facts of the
has a pending case before him without the presence of the other case to his counsel without fear
party 2. to allow the lawyer freedom to obtain full information from his client

Rule 13.02 - A lawyer shall not make public statements in the media Rule 15.03. - A lawyer shall not represent conflicting interests except
regarding a pending case tending to arouse public opinion for or by written consent of all concerned given after a full disclosure of the
against a party. facts.
-it is generally condemned to make public statements to avoid public Rule 15.04. - A lawyer may, with the written consent of all concerned,
opinion for or against a party act as mediator, conciliator or arbitrator in settling disputes.
-lawyer is equally guilty as the client if he induces he latter to cause the Rule 15.05. - A lawyer when advising his client, shall give a candid and
publicity honest opinion on the merits and probable results of the client's case,
neither overstating nor understating the prospects of the case.
Rule 13.03 - A lawyer shall not brook or invite interference by another Rule 15.06. - A lawyer shall not state or imply that he is able to
branch or agency of the government in the normal course of judicial influence any public official, tribunal or legislative body.
proceedings. Rule 15.07. - A lawyer shall impress upon his client compliance with
-when a case is already within the jurisdiction of a court, the lawyer the laws and the principles of fairness.
should ot cause or seek the interference of another agency of the Rule 15.08. - A lawyer who is engaged in another profession or
government in the normal course of judicial proceedings. occupation concurrently with the practice of law shall make clear to his
client whether he is acting as a lawyer or in another capacity.
-a lawyer cannot decline to represent a person for the sole reason of PROFESSION.
the latter’s 1.race, sex, creed, status in life or because of the lawyer’s
opinion that said person is guilty of the charge.
Rule 20.04 - A lawyer shall avoid controversies with clients concerning
Rule 16.01 - A lawyer shall account for all money or property collected his compensation and shall resort to judicial action only to prevent
or received for or from the client. imposition, injustice or fraud.
Rule 16.02 - A lawyer shall keep the funds of each client separate and
apart from his own and those of others kept by him. CANON 21 - A LAWYER SHALL PRESERVE THE CONFIDENCE
Rule 16.03 - A lawyer shall deliver the funds and property of his client AND SECRETS OF HIS CLIENT EVEN AFTER THE ATTORNEY-
when due or upon demand. However, he shall have a lien over the CLIENT RELATION IS TERMINATED.
funds and may apply so much thereof as may be necessary to satisfy
his lawful fees and disbursements, giving notice promptly thereafter to Rule 21.01 - A lawyer shall not reveal the confidences or secrets of his
his client. He shall also have a lien to the same extent on all judgments client except;
and executions he has secured for his client as provided for in the (a) When authorized by the client after acquainting him of the
Rules of Court. consequences of the disclosure;
Rule 16.04 - A lawyer shall not borrow money from his client unless the (b) When required by law;
client's interest are fully protected by the nature of the case or by (c) When necessary to collect his fees or to defend himself, his
independent advice. Neither shall a lawyer lend money to a client employees or associates or by judicial action.
except, when in the interest of justice, he has to advance necessary Rule 21.02 - A lawyer shall not, to the disadvantage of his client, use
expenses in a legal matter he is handling for the client. information acquired in the course of employment, nor shall he use the
same to his own advantage or that of a third person, unless the client
CANON 17 - A LAWYER OWES FIDELITY TO THE CAUSE OF HIS with full knowledge of the circumstances consents thereto.
CLIENT AND HE SHALL BE MINDFUL OF THE TRUST AND Rule 21.03 - A lawyer shall not, without the written consent of his
CONFIDENCE REPOSED IN HIM. client, give information from his files to an outside agency seeking such
CANON 18 - A LAWYER SHALL SERVE HIS CLIENT WITH information for auditing, statistical, bookkeeping, accounting, data
COMPETENCE AND DILIGENCE. processing, or any similar purpose.
Rule 21.04 - A lawyer may disclose the affairs of a client of the firm to
Rules 18.01 - A lawyer shall not undertake a legal service which he partners or associates thereof unless prohibited by the client.
knows or should know that he is not qualified to render. However, he Rule 21.05 - A lawyer shall adopt such measures as may be required
may render such service if, with the consent of his client, he can obtain to prevent those whose services are utilized by him, from disclosing or
as collaborating counsel a lawyer who is competent on the matter. using confidences or secrets of the clients.
Rule 18.02 - A lawyer shall not handle any legal matter without Rule 21.06 - A lawyer shall avoid indiscreet conversation about a
adequate preparation. client's affairs even with members of his family.
Rule 18.03 - A lawyer shall not neglect a legal matter entrusted to him, Rule 21.07 - A lawyer shall not reveal that he has been consulted
and his negligence in connection therewith shall render him liable. about a particular case except to avoid possible conflict of interest.
Rule 18.04 - A lawyer shall keep the client informed of the status of his
case and shall respond within a reasonable time to the client's request CANON 22 - A LAWYER SHALL WITHDRAW HIS SERVICES ONLY
ZEAL WITHIN THE BOUNDS OF THE LAW. Rule 22.01 - A lawyer may withdraw his services in any of the following
Rule 19.01 - A lawyer shall employ only fair and honest means to (a) When the client pursues an illegal or immoral course of conduct in
attain the lawful objectives of his client and shall not present, connection with the matter he is handling;
participate in presenting or threaten to present unfounded criminal (b) When the client insists that the lawyer pursue conduct violative of
charges to obtain an improper advantage in any case or proceeding. these canons and rules;
Rule 19.02 - A lawyer who has received information that his client has, (c) When his inability to work with co-counsel will not promote the best
in the course of the representation, perpetrated a fraud upon a person interest of the client;
or tribunal, shall promptly call upon the client to rectify the same, and (d) When the mental or physical condition of the lawyer renders it
failing which he shall terminate the relationship with such client in difficult for him to carry out the employment effectively;
accordance with the Rules of Court. (e) When the client deliberately fails to pay the fees for the services or
Rule 19.03 - A lawyer shall not allow his client to dictate the procedure fails to comply with the retainer agreement;
in handling the case. (f) When the lawyer is elected or appointed to public office; and
(g) Other similar cases.
CANON 20 - A LAWYER SHALL CHARGE ONLY FAIR AND Rule 22.02 - A lawyer who withdraws or is discharged shall, subject to
REASONABLE FEES. a retainer lien, immediately turn over all papers and property to which
the client is entitled, and shall cooperative with his successor in the
Rule 20.01 - A lawyer shall be guided by the following factors in orderly transfer of the matter, including all information necessary for
determining his fees: the proper handling of the matter.
(a) the time spent and the extent of the service rendered or required;
(b) the novelty and difficulty of the questions involved;
(c) The importance of the subject matter;
(d) The skill demanded;
(e) The probability of losing other employment as a result of
acceptance of the proffered case;
(f) The customary charges for similar services and the schedule of fees
of the IBP chapter to which he belongs;
(g) The amount involved in the controversy and the benefits resulting
to the client from the service;
(h) The contingency or certainty of compensation;
(i) The character of the employment, whether occasional or
established; and
(j) The professional standing of the lawyer.
Rule 20.02 - A lawyer shall, in case of referral, with the consent of the
client, be entitled to a division of fees in proportion to the work
performed and responsibility assumed.
Rule 20.03 - A lawyer shall not, without the full knowledge and consent
of the client, accept any fee, reward, costs, commission, interest,
rebate or forwarding allowance or other compensation whatsoever
related to his professional employment from anyone other than the