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Power flow Analysis 2011 1. Gauss iterative Routine Method using [Y] Matrix V i ! 1 Y ii ® ±( S T i ) * ! ¯  (V i ) * ± ° §Y j !1 i !1 n ij V i ¾ ± ¿ ± À 2 .

Construct [Y] matrix Y= ii.Power flow Analysis 2011 i. 1st iteration: V 21 ! Voltag at bus(2) due to 1st iteration 1 2 1 ® S Tsch ) * ( 2 !  ( y 21 ¯ Y 2 2 ( 20 ) * V v. 2 Calculation of complex power 1 S g 1 ! S sch1  S T1 1 d 1 S g1 ! sch 1 « y 11 ­ 3   sch 1  y 23 0 3 ¾ ¿ À ¡ sch 1  y 12 1 2  y 13 1 3 » ½ . Calculation transmitted Power sch sch sch S Tsch ! S g 2  S Ld 2 ! S g 2 2 sch sch S Tsch ! S g 3  S sch3 ! S g 3 3 d iv. Initial Assumption V 20 !V 30 ! 1 0o iii. 1 3 ¾ ( 3 1 ® S Tsch ) * !  ( y 3 1V 1 sch  y 3 2V 30 ¿ ¯ Y 3 3 °(V 30 ) * À ¾ ( 1 ® S T1 2 ) * !  ( y 21 1 sch  y 23V 31 ¿ V ¯ Y 2 2 °(V 21 ) * À ¾ ( 1 ® S T1 3 ) * !  ( y 3 1V 1 sch  y 3 2V 31 ¿ ¯ Y 3 3 °(V 31 ) * À 2nd iteration : V 2 2 V3 vi.

Power flow Analysis 2011 2. Gauss iterative Routine Method using [Z] Matrix «V ¬V ­ 2 3 » «V » «z ! ¬ 1¼  ¬ ¼ ½ ­V 1 ½ ­z 22 32 z z 23 33 » «I ¼ ¬I ½ ­ 2 3 V 1»  y 3 0V 1 ¼ ½ 20  y 4 .

Calculation of complex power 1 sch S g 1 ! S Ld 1  S T1 1 1 S g 1 !V 1sch « y 11V 1sch  y 12V 21  y 13V 31 » ­ ½ 5 ¢ ¢ . 0 2 !V ! 1 0o Calculation transmitted Power sch S Tsch ! S g 2  S sch2 ! S sch2 2 d d sch sch sch S Tsch ! S g 3  S Ld 3 ! S Ld 3 3 vi. ! y y Z Z 22 32 y y Z Z 0 3 23 33 Matrix ref. 22 32 23 33 Initial Assumption V v. to bus one Y iii. Construct [Y] matrix Y= ii. Matrix ref. to bus one Z ! iv.Power flow Analysis 2011 i. 1st iteration: V 21 ! Voltag at bus(2) due to 1st iteration V 21 ! V 1sch  z 22 ( I 20  y 20V 1sch )  z 23 ( I 30  y 30V 1 sch ) V 31 ! V 1sch  z 32 ( I 30  y 20V 1sch )  z 33 ( I 30  y 30V 1sch ) vii.

Newton & Raphthon method « « VP2 » ® B 22 ¬ VP ¼ ± B ¬ ± 32 3 ¼ ¬ ! ¯¬ ¬V 2 ¼ ±G 22 ¬ Q ¬ ¼ ± ¬ Q ­V 4 ½ °G 32 ­  B 23  B 33 G 23 G 33 G 22 G 32  B 22  B 32 G 23 » «d 2 G 33 ¼ ¬ 0 ¼¬  B 23 ¼ ¬ c 2 ¼ ¬  B 33 ½ ­ 0 0 d3 0 G 33 c2 0 d 2 0 0 » ¾ « Vf 21 » ± ¬ ¼ c 3 ¼ ± ¬ Vf 31 ¼ ¼¿  1 0 ¼ ± ¬VE 2 ¼ ¼± ¬ 1 ¼ d 3 ½ À ¬VE 3 ¼ ­ ½ 6 .Power flow Analysis 2011 3.

Construct [Y] matrix Y= ii.Power flow Analysis 2011 i.R Method f «VP2 » «B22  d 2 G22  c2 » «V 21 » ¬V ¼ ! ¬ G c B d ¼ ¬ 1 ¼ E ­ Q2 ½ ­ 22 2 22 2 ½ ­V 2 ½ Where: E 1 2 ! E 0 2  VE 1 2 F 21 ! F 20  V F 21 iv. Matrix formation of N. Initial Assumption V 20 ! V 30 ! 1 0o iii. Calculation of complex power 1 sch S g 1 ! S Ld 1  S T1 1 1 S g 1 !V 1sch « y 11V 1sch  y 12V 21  y 13V 31 » ­ ½ 7 .

Power flow Analysis 2011 8 .

Initial condition V V (0 ) 2 (0 ) 3 ! 1 0 ! 1 0 o o 3. Line impedances are converted to admittances 2.Power flow Analysis 2011 Solution : (a) 1. Calculation of transmitted power 4. 2nd iteration 9 . 1st iteration 5.

Line Current 2. Line power flow 10 . Calculation of complex power (b) To find the line flows 1.Power flow Analysis 2011 6.

0 1].0 0.0 0.0 0.1.0 1 1 3 0.0 0. % Line code % Bus busR X 1/2 B = 1 for lines % nl nr pu pu pu >1 or <1 tr.0 0. accel = 1.0 1/30 0.7(c) % Bus Bus Voltage Angle -Load--.Power flow Analysis 2011 3. Degree MW MVAR MW MVAR Qmin Qmax Mvar busdata=[1 1 1.0 0.0 0.0125 0.0 0 0 0]. disp('Problem 6.000001. accuracy = 0.0 0 0 0 2 0 1.0 300 270 0.0 0 0 0 3 0 1.-Generator-.0 0. tap at bus nl linedata=[1 2 0.050 0. % Problem 6.0 0. Power flow diagram (C) The power flow program lfgauss is used to obtain the solution.0 400 320 0.7(c)') Lfybus % form the bus admittance matrix lfgauss % Load flow solution by Gauss-Seidel method busout % Prints the power flow solution on the screen lineflow % Computes and displays the line flow and losses 11 . Line power loss 4.0 1 2 3 0. maxiter = 100. with the following statements: clear basemva = 100.Injected % No code Mag.0 0.0 0.

000 90.000 0.000 134.000 590.264 3 400.000 384. of Iterations = 10 Bus Voltage Angle No.013 300.000 Total 700.000 2 100.000 403.000 0.000 565.000 538.000 512.000 1 1.000 2 0.000 40.250 1 -300. Mag.000 2 -400.000 270.Transformer MW Mvar tap 0.000 Line Flow and Losses --Line-.000 0.000 -80.Power at bus & line flow from to MW Mvar MVA 1 700.000 10.000 700.000 3 Total loss 12 .000 40.000 0.340 400.000 0.000 -320.000 110.950 2 300.000 320.145 0.000 0.Power flow Analysis 2011 Result Power Flow Solution by Gauss-Seidel Method Maximum Power Mismatch = 7. Degree ------Load-----MW Mvar ---Generation--.000 128.000 -240.000 0.000 3 0.951 -3.000 0.609 1 -400.000 60.000 0.000 700.536 0.906 -6.062 0.000 700.000 0.000 -360.000 300.000 700.Injected MW Mvar Mvar 0.000 400.000 424.39775e-007 No.000 3 -100.000 989.000 0.000 10.000 0.000 -270.000 60.187 0.685 --Line loss-.000 -300.000 700.