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The New Millennium
Edited by John Zukowsky and Martha Thorne, Prestel/The Art Institute of Chicago, pp. 144, 2000, $49.95
Kingdom Centre in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia designed by Ellerbe Becket
By Carter B. Horsley
Unlike some other recent international surveys of skyscrapers that highlight many spectacular and exciting projects by world-famous architects, this one will introduce many readers to some not so famous architects. There are some truly spectacular projects, some modest but intriguing projects and some that are uninspired, a reminder that the real world is not always the best of all possible worlds. This interesting volume contains illustrations and short essays on more than 70 major projects, some of which are still on the drawing boards and may, in fact, not get off them, but are important to the study of this spectacular building type. Most of the projects have more than one illustration, some of which are excellent and some of which are not. This book was compiled by John Zukowsky and Martha Thorne, curator and associate curator, respectively, of the department of architecture at the Art Institute of Chicago,
designed by Ellerbe Becket of Minneapolis and the Omrania Corporation of Riyadh for HRH Prince Alwaleed bin Talal bin Abdulaziz Alsaud and estimated for construction completion in 2001. office space. Japan. the Kingdom Centre in Riyadh." it added. where Islamic veils are not obligatory." the authors observed. The cladding of the tower gives no indication. The former consists of a 25-story tower completed in 1998 and a 50-story tower due for completion in 2002. The scale of the arch here is breathtaking. during daytime." "One entire floor of the Kingdom Mall . the Shanghai Information Town and a project near Times Square in Manhattan.thecityreview. The New Millennium Page 2 of 17 which will hold an exhibition based on it from August 19. the three-story Kingdom Mall. of its internal structure and number of floors by its blanket uniform appearance. reflective glass tower that rises from an elliptical plan that ends in an inverted parabolic curve beneath the shallow arch of the observatory is a high-tech marvel of stunning sculptural beauty.html 9/29/2010 . http://www. shown above. are signature design elements of Arquitectonica. which is represented in this compendium with two projects. a sports club and luxury condominiums. but this "eye" of a giant needle stuck in the ground is awesome and an extravagant gesture that harkens back to the Pyramids. 2000 to January 15. Ove Arup & Partners are the project’s structural engineers and this silvery. Probably the most phenomenal project adorns its cover. "Architecture of Skyscrapers" with an illustration of the Umeda project). This tower’s "arch" is certainly the most modern arch since von Spreckelsen and Andrew’s Grande Arche arch at La Defense in Paris and its observatory promises to be even more spectacular than the Umeda Sky building in Osaka. 2001. which is the same height as the Eiffel Tower in Paris. a first-class hotel.com/sky3. Cut-outs have been used before.Elsewhere: Skyscrapers. but its "handle" top does contain an observatory. rectangular forms. Saudi Arabia. rarely. The top third of the 984-foot-high-tower. designed by the Hiroshi Hara Atelier (see The City Review article on Francisco Asensio Cerver’s book. the famous Miami-based architectural firm. a wedding and conference Center. The building’s description in the book notes that the mixed-use tower will include the "Prince’s business headquarters. The two towers are at right angles with each other and each have large square sections cantilevered from the cores.reached by a separate entrance and elevator reserved for women only. Cut-outs. or voids. a visual device first used to great effect by Kevin Roche John Dinkeloo & Associates in the United Nations Plaza project across First Avenue from the United Nations in Manhattan a generation earlier. "visually destabilizing the otherwise static. is only "sculptural’ to conform with the city’s planning ordinance that limits the number of occupied floors to 30.
Elsewhere: Skyscrapers.495-foot-high "sail" tower designed by M3 Architects of London Some of the other ambitious projects also include unusual forms such as the design of M3 Architects in London for a 1.com/sky3. The New Millennium Page 3 of 17 1. with Foster and Partners. The project’s principals are Ken Hutt and Nadi Jahangiri. who worked together previous on the London Millennium tower and the Commerzbank in Frankfurt/Main. Jakarta (Indonesia) Tower designed by Jean-Paul Viguier http://www.thecityreview.495-foot-high mixed-use tower for a suggested site along the eastern approach to London that is in the shape of a sail and is designed to include wind slots to prevent turbulence at its base and to harness the wind to drive turbines that combined with 50 percent photovoltaic cell coverage of the facade is expected to provide up to half the building’s power consumption. Germany.html 9/29/2010 .
that has four nine-story. by "the work of the Malaysian sculpture and painter Latiff Mahidin. Designed by Hijjas Kasturi Associates of Kuala Lumpur for Telekom Malaysia Berhad.007-foot-high building known as Telekom Malaysia in Kuala Lumpur employs large. 48story building.. Inc." While Viguier’s design has its main structure support in its center. The building’s "braced-tube" design "clearly references Chinese architectural traditions by the liberal use of red onits structurally expressive elements." according to the authors. known as the 21 Century Tower in Pudong. has designed a square-plan." the authors wrote. Ltd. the Chicago-based architectural firm. Construction of the almost completed tower has been "delayed indefinitely." The 1995 design. Helmut Jahn of Murphy/Jahn. remains "in the concept stage.Elsewhere: Skyscrapers. triangular atria at one corner where the design does not call for structural support. Owings & Merrill used in several projects over the last generation. with solid roots to anchor it and the beauty of an unfurling leaf. Shanghai. open sky gardens that are supported by prefabricated steel trusses that project up to 107 feet and are dramatic elements in the design on the east and west ends of the structure that consists of two conical and convex slabs that "appear to overlap and roll up on one side and unfold on open up on the other side. a 1. http://www. and Werner Sobek Engineers GmbH are the structural engineers for the project." the authors note.. the project was influenced.186-foot-high structure that is 150 feet in diameter and consists of five 25-story modules that the authors say "look like Dixie cups stacked on top of one another . replicating ‘[a] new sprout shooting up from the earth.. which is being developed for the Shanghai 21 Century Center Real Estate Co. the authors added. The East China Architectural Deign & Research Institute is the associate architect and Maunsell Consultants Asia Ltd. A 1. which Skidmore.com/sky3.html 9/29/2010 . according to the architects.. The New Millennium Page 4 of 17 The notion of stacked atria. and is due for completion in 1901. Ranhill Bersekutu is the structural engineer. People’s Republic of China. has been employed by Jean-Paul Viguier for the Jakarta (Indonesia) Tower.thecityreview.separated from each other by spacious sky lobbies.
The 45-story tower joins a 34-story hotel and a 29-story apartment tower at the complex and has gently curved glass facades that have photovoltaic cells for energy conservation and efficiency. Each of the 62 apartments will have when the project is completed in 2000 its own glass-louvered balcony and the office tower is topped with glass sails to "pay tribute in form and shimmering material to Jorn Utzon’s famous Opera House (1957-1973) only 2.600 feet away." the authors write. and Ove Arup & Partners. designed by Foster and Partners of London and completed in 1997. designed by Ken Wooley. Italy. The tower gets larger as it rises. British Columbia. Another high-rise tower with "garden" floors. Germany. "Additionally. The triangular-plan building has motorized window to permit the circulation of outside air when the offices are warm.’ they added.html 9/29/2010 .Elsewhere: Skyscrapers. where the elliptical core is exposed. the tower’s corners. The building is on the site of the former State Office Block. structural engineers. Ove Arup & Partners were the structural engineers. the 450-foot tower was designed by Busby + Associates of Vancouver and will be the tallest building in the city because it stands on the highest point of the downtown penisula. The New Millennium Page 5 of 17 Commerzbank in Frankfurt designed by Foster and Partners More gardens in the sky can be found at the Commerzbank Headquarters building in Frankfort/Main. yellow sandstone. this time double-height.73-foot-high building is the tallest in Europe and has a 49-story atrium and nine 4-story-high gardens. are covered with terra-cotta panels whose color and texture is similar to Sydney’s native. designed by Renzo Piano Building Workshop of Genoa. each acting as a "village green. The Piano building is a 34-story office building and a 16-story apartment building that are linked by a public plaza beneath a transparent glass canopy that is suspended by steel cables between the two towers.com/sky3.thecityreview. This 849. Australia. Glotman Simpson is the structural engineer. http://www. that was erected in 1976. Scheduled for completion in 2001. 155 Macquarie Street Tower in Sydney designed by Renzo Piano Building Workshop One of the most beautiful designs is 155 Macquarie Street Tower in Sydney. is the Sheraton Tower at Wall Centre in Vancouver.
html 9/29/2010 . The 23-story tower conforms to the city’s complex zoning but has an indented and curved facade with a setback for a blue-glass element and. Another French architect. it is 30 stories tall. allowing new steel columns to be connected to those directly below. sculptured lines of the building. the author’s noted that "the plastic expression of the building is emphasized at night. is represented by his LVMH Tower on 57th Street between Fifth and Madison Avenues in Manhattan and nine design schemes for the modest but flamboyant tower are shown. Jean-Paul Viguier also has a Chicago project. The same architect has also designed another simple but elegant 52-story tower for John Buck Company/ERE Yarmouth Inc. The LVMH Tower looks best at night when its facade colors change as during the day its pearlescent white is a bit weak although the dramatic. office building. a second phase that would add 12 more stories and a third that would another 12 stories to bring it to a height of 731 feet. but the design by James Goettsch of Lohan Associates of Chicago envisions its possible expansion in two more phases. clean-cut modern facade to a post-modern stacking of differing geometric shapes. Chris Stefanos Associates is the structural engineer and Costentini Associates is the mechanical engineer. the Hotel Sofitel.. by Chicago standards. The building is occupied by Blue Cross/Blue Shield of Illinois. Completed in 1997. Chicago has several new buildings. are fine. Christian de Portzamparc. at One North Wacker Drive. svelte design with curves. 300 East Randolph appears to be a relatively modest. "Vertical expansion is possible because the roof is removable. a triangular-plan tower that is due for completion in 2001. http://www. The building is quite elegant with a broad expanse of windows and fine detailing. which opened in 1999. At first glance. continuing the building’s structural design.com/sky3. The evolution of the design is interesting from a plain. to a Deconstructivist angularity to the final.Elsewhere: Skyscrapers. The New Millennium Page 6 of 17 Not surprisingly.thecityreview. when concealed neon lights tint the facade with a palette of soft colors and while lights illuminate the underside of the floor slabs. that is due for completion in 2001. now reserved on the building’s north side as a dramatic vertiginous atrium space adjacent to the two passenger elevator banks now in service. The increased need for vertical circulation will be served by two more passenger elevator banks.
Owings & Merrill Another modest.html 9/29/2010 . Skidmore. by New York standards. tri-colored aluminum curtain wall. "The irregular and shifting facades as well as the alternating black-and-gray granite exterior cladding. The New Millennium Page 7 of 17 350 Madison Avenue expansion designed by Skidmore.thecityreview. The tower combines a triangular plan with curved facades. and green. http://www.Elsewhere: Skyscrapers. Gilsanz. but it remains to be seen how well its high-tech surfaces meld into the masonry fabric of the existing and surrounding buildings. and tiled it on end and shove it down through the roof of the existing older building on this site. stainless steel mesh and polished concrete in dramatic contrast to the existing building’s brown masonry. Marcelo Sasson is the structural engineeer and the project is due for completion in late 2000. France. project is an expansion of the building at 350 Madison Avenue for Max Capital Management that is due for completion in late 2001." the authors wrote. The overall effect would appear to be ungainly and awkward. Uruguay. blue-green. The asymmetrical addition looks a bit like the architects have taken a small scale version of Christian de Portzamparc’s famous Credit Lyonnais Tower of 1995 in Lyons. In Montevideo. yet this sleek hammer may prove to be quite riveting in this location close to Grand Central Terminal. and silver glass all contribute to the dynamic expression. Not all of the projects in the book are gigantic towers. Owings & Merrill are adding several floors to the building that will be clad in frosted glass. Carlos Ott International has designed a 520-foot-high building known as the ANTEL Telecommunications Tower that is not only very colorful but also arises from a very complex base that includes an inverted conical structure. Here. The new floors will cantilever out at an angle over the building’s lobby in the middle of the block on the avenue and the lobby will be rebuilt and its floor and ceiling will be of glass with floodlights beneath the floor directed upward to reflect off the new metal mesh surface of the south facade of the building. The form of the addition is very dramatic.com/sky3. Murray Steficek is the structural engineer.
Elsewhere: Skyscrapers. The office floors project over the base in a convex facade and "linear trim along the silver. a building designed by Wong Tung & Partners of Hong Kong for Ka Chee Co.’" the authors noted. Ltd.and compresses vertical movement. Only 26 stories and 387 feet high. http://www.com/sky3. reflective curtain wall emphasizes the horizontal breadth of the building . The New Millennium Page 8 of 17 Olympia Plaza in Hong Kong designed by Wong Tung & Partners Similar complexity can be found at Olympia Plaza in Hong Kong.’ which emphasizes the ‘streamlined’ qualities of ‘horizontality and transparency.. and completed in 1999.thecityreview.a design feature that is reiterated even in the horizontal bands around the glass cylinders and elevator enclosures . The lower three floors are shopping arcades and these are topped by eight levels of restaurants and 14 stories of offices.html 9/29/2010 . the building concentrates its design flourishes at its base rather than its top. This underlines the architect’s intention…to give the overall composition a ‘coherent and dynamic form.
which illustrates Takematsu’s great Kirin Plaza in Tokyo.. (See The City Review article on "New Forms. The project is due for completion in late 2002.html 9/29/2010 . and this 926-foot-high tower is very complex with a finned roof. The construction binge that began in the 1990s in Shanghai continues apace.) This building is much better than most of the new buildings in Times Square! Proposed ELA Tower in Tel Aviv. Nikken Sekkei Ltd. Due for completion in early 2003.. 52-story office tower designed by Ingenhoven Overdiek und Partner of Dusseldorf. Ltd." a book by Philip Jodidio. designed by Shin Takematsu in 1995-6 in association with Eliakim Architects Shin Takematsu is one of the world's greatest architects and this book illustrates his proposed ELA Tower in Tel Aviv. The book.Elsewhere: Skyscrapers. shown above. unfortunately. The New Millennium Page 9 of 17 Facade detail of elevator shafts at Olympia Plaza.com/sky3. One of the handsomer projects is Wan Xiang International Plaza. The East China Architectural Design and Research Institute is the associate architect and Buro Happold is the structural engineer.056-foot. does not provide further information on this rather amazing design. http://www. Indeed. angled wings and a 109-foot-high atrium with a huge sphere suspended from a seventh-floor truss containing a telecommunications museum. the major shortcoming of this book is the brevity of the information about some of the projects. of Tokyo designed the Shanghai Information Center for the Shanghai Information World Co. Architecture in the 1990s. Hong Kong The building combines the polished sophistication of Hans Hollein and the bold sculptural gestures of Shin Takematsu.thecityreview.. that he designed in 1995-6 in association with Eliakim Architects. the tower is distinguished by its tall antennae and the diagonal struts of its concrete-filled steel frame. Israel. Germany. a 1. Israel.
The 88-story building has an octagonal concrete core surrounded on four sides by a pair of supercolumns and "three sets of eight-two-story high outrigger trusses connecting the columns to the core at six floors provide additional support to prevent the core’s collapse. the China Insurance Building for the People’s Insurance Company of China. Adrian Smith was the partner in charge and the East China Architectural Design and Research Institute was the associate architect. but does sport a large rooftop lantern and spire. Completed in 1999.html 9/29/2010 . Owings & Merrill of Chicago for the China Shanghai Foreign Trade Centre Company. this building consciously adopts the pagoda tradition of China in a memorable and very beautiful modern monolith of great delicacy and power. whose complexity rises as it ascends. Owings & Merrill of Chicago The best new Shanghai project is the 1. and the Shanghai Pudong Development Bank. The former is a 38-story tower that is notable for its stunning top of twin beacons and masts as well as its large exposed facade trusses and its generally happy countenance.thecityreview. http://www. The base of the building contains a hotel with a huge barrel-vaulted. The latter is due for completion in 2000 and its considerably more sedate.380-foot-high Jin Mao Tower designed by Skidmore. Jin Mao Tower. The tower has 13 flaring setbacks and four receding ones and is topped with a fine sculptural skyline ornament that is appropriate to the very complex. This may well be the world’s finest skyscraper since the Chrysler Building. Shanghai. designed by Skidmore.com/sky3. The New Millennium Page 10 of 17 Webb Zerafa Menkes Housden Partnership of Toronto has designed two towers in Shanghai.Elsewhere: Skyscrapers." according to the authors. almost pine-cone design of the tower. It was completed in 1999. skylit atrium.
"Entrapment. Frilly. they are not as elegant as the slightly smaller Jin Mao Tower in Shanghai." this tower has a sensational facade although the proportions of the towers is not too satisfying because of the shallow setbacks. which was completed in 1998 and Thornton-Tomasetti Engineers were the structural engineers. Another twin-towers project is the Emirates Twin Towers in Dubai. intricate. the Petronas Towers are cultural icons of great power and Pelli has successfully given them an Asian beauty that may be a put too fussy for some purists and Westerners. Of course. the Petronas Towers are an impressive achievement and the generic facade is the best since Philip Johnson and John Burgee’s "Lipstick" building at 885 Third Avenue in Manhattan. the world’s tallest at 1. but most of those were merely the fronts to large structures that sported a central or rear tower of even greater height. dazzling and awesome.thecityreview. United Arab http://www.html 9/29/2010 . the towers’ design "was generated by a floor plan whose geometric circle-and-square design symbolized the principles of harmony in Islam.com/sky3. Individually. The notion of twin towers perhaps stems from the days of Gothic cathedrals. The World Trade Center in Manhattan is." the authors note. The New Millennium Page 11 of 17 Petronas Towers designed by Cesar Pelli The twin towers of Cesar Pelli’s Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur.483 feet is are shown in a fine night photograph that makes the two braces for the bridge between the towers a stunning and surprising focal point. the other famous twin-tower project but Minoru Yamasaki’s sleek and sheer designs were minimalist despite some frills at the bases and his towers had no connecting bridges. Adamson Associates was the associate architect for this project. large and angled braces? Why not three towers of different heights? No matter how one answers such questions. Why only one bridge? Why such a relatively thin bridge? Why such dramatic.Elsewhere: Skyscrapers. of course. Featured prominently and spectacularly in the movie.
To assist in ventilation. but also rather ungainly in its proportions. but the design of both is otherwise very similar.html 9/29/2010 . The rigid geometry is balanced by the curvilinear and terraced podium." the authors wrote. The intricate design combines triangles and diamonds and curves that wrap the structure in a lace.thecityreview.154 feet high and the other "only" 991 feet high.Elsewhere: Skyscrapers. which includes a cascading waterfall at the hotel entrance and circular glass drums which enclose the lower eight levels . however. Kvaerner. the Swiss Re London Headquarters and the Millennium Tower. The former design was completed in 1998 but the book does not indicate when construction is planned. "By rotating each successful floor. It is a 590-foot-high. Two years before. geometric pattern is repeated through the building. The taller building is for offices and the smaller is for a hotel. Foster and Partners have created voids at the edges of each floor plate which will form a series of spiral atria. The New Millennium Page 12 of 17 Emirates designed by NORR Limited of Toronto for HH General Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid al Maktoum. "The nearly identical towers rise from an equilateral triangle plan. This Islamic-inspired. they have enclosed the atria at every sixth floor to allow for gardens and social spaces for the tenants." and the proposed mixed-use building would have an observatory and the "top of the building would divide into two tail fins of differing heights. Foster and Partners unveiled a scheme for a 1. 41-story structure that is diagonally braced and in the form of a pill with one end stuck in the ground.an architectural motif that is repeated in the upper segments of the towers. The project is due for completion in 2000. The building bulges a bit in its lower portions. are not twins as one is 1. The high-tech helical design is very impressive. from sloped glass roofs and triangular skylights and canopy structures. to various interior and exterior paving designs." http://www. The towers. Additionally. they have incorporated horizontal slots into the atria which will draw in natural air at each floor.265-foot-high tower that was "promoted by the Norwegian-based business group. Design of Swiss Re Headquarters in London by Foster and Partners Foster and Partners of London have designed two major towers in London.com/sky3.
In laboratory studies. the 170-story. "Using a helical steel cage.html 9/29/2010 .com/sky3. the conical shape proved the move stable. woven like a basket. http://www.755-foot-high tower has been proposed for an island in Tokyo Bay. since potentially destabilizing winds move safely around the building’s contours. Designed for the Obayashi Corporation.thecityreview. The New Millennium Page 13 of 17 Rendering of 2." the authors wrote. the Millennium Tower has a conical shape that offers both an aesthetic and structural solution to the design limits of the very tall building.755-foot-high Millennium Tower in Japan designed by Foster and Partners Both of these projects look they have been on steroids and do not manifest a great deal of gracefulness. 2. whereas the firm’s Millennium Tower project for Tokyo is exquisite.Elsewhere: Skyscrapers.
For the second scheme he chose the Australian firm of Denton Corker Marshall. Owings & Merrill Another beautiful design. thirteen floors of parking. "Due to a lukewarm public and governmental response to the original design. slightly less ambitious.O. and a hotel…. The hexagonal tower had a tapered profile supported by only six exterior columns and a triangular central core and the facade was going to have embedded photovoltaic cells to use solar energy.820 feet….html 9/29/2010 ." "The mixed-use building will measure 2. and the lower office floors have open plans with additional support provided by external columns. steel-and-glass tower with curved corners. The New Millennium Page 14 of 17 Model of 2. is "a proposal for the heart of downtown Chicago. containing shops. divided into six sections.com/sky3. Australia. he commissioned a design for a 1. The S. creating space for a park more than 100 feet …high at its ground level and the symmetrical central core which contains circulation http://www. rectangular.or 1.Elsewhere: Skyscrapers. design is rigorous and fine.high. developer Bruno Grollo commissioned a second design for a specific site in the Docklands area of Melbourne.The basic structural elements are four pairs of columns that raise the tower off the ground. developer Bruno Grollo has been planning a major tower for several years. which step back as the building rises.The tower is constructed of a concrete tube structure. In Melbourne.000-foot-high tower in Chicago designed by Skidmore.This means that the upper residential floors have no perimeter columns dividing the space. apartments. Owings & Merrill is designing the building which is a sleek.000 feet…in height including its antenna…and include a retail concourse. [which] aims to put the city again in the running for the world’s tallest building.M. initiated by European-American Realty Ltd.. 350 residential units on forty-two floors. multi-use obelisk.625-foot-high structure from Harry Seidler and Associates that was very dramatic with slanted corners and exposed diagonal braces with an asymmetrical top. mechanical systems. The entire top is devoted to communications floors. a cooling tower and the Tuned Mass Damping system…. The Chicago office of Skidmore." the authors wrote.thecityreview. Their proposal is a glass. approximately thirty floors of offices. 113 stories . offices. and communications levels. which forms the spine from which floors cantilever out twenty to thirty feet…. In 1995.
the authors wrote." the authors remarked." In Denver.thecityreview. "is designed to reference traditional Chinese imagery. R. a restaurant. indented facades. Some projects lack the design cohesiveness of the Jin Mao Tower but have some very fine elements such as the Nadya Park project in Nagoya.." the authors wrote. Haines Lundberg Waehler was commissioned by the Chongqing National Garden City Inc. screens and curves that are very interesting. offices and a hotel as well as an observatory and its top. each separated by a triple-level sky lobby. surprisingly." a beacon filled with telecommunications equipment and capped with an open viewing platform. China. Japan. wedge-shaped tower that would be known as the Trango Tower and would be clad in honed and polished granite and the shaft in ochre-colored. The building will have a eight-story-high lobby. Malaysia architectural firm of T. are observation decks. although the overall effect is something of a jumble. The asymmetrical project has many design flourishes such as convex facades. Sichuan. to a 23-story retail and office tower that is topped by a 40-foot-high mellatic screen and elliptical crown with three very distinctive fins. designed by Kaplan McLaughlin Diaz of San Francisco. The uppermost 350 feet…is the "Light Pinnacle. The New Millennium Page 15 of 17 and services. Malaysia. or hotel section. shops and recreational facilities. and completed in 1996. W.Elsewhere: Skyscrapers. "Although no specific schedule has yet been set. The top of the slender building. to build a 1. has a flat top. Menara UMNO building in Pulau Pinang. This building has a 14-story Design Center that is connected by a 165-foot-high glass-enclosed atrium with angled facade walls.com/sky3. Scott Moore has commissioned Richard Keating of DMJM Keating Architects to build a 86-story. Hamzah & Yeang has http://www. striated stone and dark glass trips.693-foot-high tower of at least 100 stories in Chongqing. The building has three main parts. Above the top. designed by Ken Yeang Ken Yeang of the Selangor.html 9/29/2010 . the developer looks optimistically towards 2004.
Malaysia. crowned by a metal-clad.thecityreview.html 9/29/2010 . except for one side that houses its elevator and staircase core. this tower is unusually complex and has large panels to direct wind around it for maximum environmental efficiency and a balcony pattern that is different for every floor but design related. the mechanical plant is hidden behind elliptical louvers which are. The framed windows are very strong.. 299-foot-high apartment building has a plan that is mostly elliptical. "Its facade is defined by a number of interlocking elliptical bodies that recall the dynamic designs of early twentieth-century architects such as Erich Mendelsohn and members of the Bauhaus…. in turn. Aluminum fins at the shifting of the ellipse function as visual extensions of these horizontal components." according to the authors. of Singapore for the Far East Organization Pte Ltd. hyperbolic plane that is pierced by a ast. but interest project is Scotts Tower in Singapore by Ong & Ong Architects Pte Ltd. protruding frames and wrap around the building’s corner. Steen Consultants Pte Ltd. With its striking architectural forms and full-height. Expected to be completed in 2001. Is the mast for flags? What’s the view.Elsewhere: Skyscrapers. fantastic. The hyperbolic plane pierced by a mast is sensational and the fins are. this 22-story. Model of Scotts Tower in Singapore designed by Ong & Ong Another small. especially since they grow in length the higher they are. well. Scotts Tower has almost too much intriguing design. On top of the tower. Completed in 1998. was the structural engineer..com/sky3. the Scotts Tower vividly invokes the streamlined design favored by architects at the beginning of the twentieth century.The lower half of the tower is defined by horizontal ribbon windows that are set in wide. blue-tined glass windows. The New Millennium Page 16 of 17 designed a "bioclimatic" 21-story tower known as Menara UMNO for the South East Asia Development Corporation of Berhad in Pulau Pinang. from behind the fins? http://www. if any.
.html 9/29/2010 .HudsonPlaceRealty. Stone Home Page of The City Review http://www. Plaster. buildings and other subjects Search this site Search Architectural Record www. This is notable for its slanted edge and mix of facades. Metal. The New Millennium Page 17 of 17 Another modest-size apartment building is the SEG Apartment Tower in Vienna.com/sky3. Garden Street Lofts www. designed by Coop Himmelb(l)au of Vienna for the SEG Stadterneurerungs.com Stucco. Rainscreen. Click here to order this book at 30 percent off its list price from Amazon. EIFS Acrylic Finishes. one by Judith Dupré and the other by Caroline Mierop Use the Search Box below to quickly look up articles at this site on specific artists.mcgraw-hill-sales. authors. H.com See The City Review article on two books on skyscrapers.wohnungsgesellschaft m. b.thecityreview.StucOFlex.com Save up to 45%! The industry's premier publication.und Eigentums . and completed in 1998. architects. Austria.Elsewhere: Skyscrapers.com Hoboken's first high rise residential GREEN building! Wall Cladding Systems www.
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