Blood storage centers are places where the blood for transfusion is stored. The blood is collected from people who donate blood voluntary. This helps in arranging and transporting the blood to various emergency units that require blood for their patients. This method of storing blood in blood banks and screening it to places where there is a need for the blood helps in saving the lives of many people. Before applying for the approval, the storage centre will have to identify and obtain consent from the blood bank from where they will get the supply of blood/blood components. These could be licensed blood banks run by Government Hospitals/Indian Red Cross/Regional Blood Transfusion Centres only. In case the license of the parent blood bank/centre is cancelled, the license of the storage centre will also be automatically cancelled. The storage Centres , can however, get affiliated to more than one blood bank/centre to ensure un-interrupted supplies, but a separate approval will be required in each case. There are various requirements for blood banks. These requirements for the blood banks include adequate manpower and also various material things. These requirements have to be met for the governments to license these blood banks. The blood banks should also have adequate infrastructure to test the blood collected from donors for the presence of various diseases
Staff / Manpower: There should be a physician or medical officer who needs to make certain decisions about the quality of the blood collected and also to identify various diseases in the donor. Other than the physician, adequate number of Laboratory workers need to be present to collect and package and store the blood collected from donors. Space: There needs to be adequate space for the collection of the blood from the donors. There should be enough places for the donors to lie down when the blood is being collected. The area required for setting up the facility is only 10 square metres, well lighted, clean and preferably airconditioned. Electric supply: There should be continuous twenty four hour electric supply for the blood to be kept cold in a cold storage. The cold storage should be maintained at a particular temperature. This electric supply should have a backup in case there is a failure to the main supply. Equipment: There should be a refrigerator where the blood bags are stored. It should have a adequate space to store the required number of bags. There should be a deep freezer box where ice in large amounts is stored at a temperature of minus twenty degrees. This will help while transporting the blood to another area. Boxes for transporting the blood should also be present.
Any unit of blood showing hemolysis. The expiry of the blood is normally 35/42 days. B.Blood Testing Equipment: There should also be enough equipment to do various blood tests that test for the presence of diseases. This can be achieved by using insulated carrier boxes. This prevents the blood from getting spoilt. Transport: Transportation facilities should be available for the blood to be transported safely to the place where the blood is needed as an emergency. The temperature of the blood should be monitored continuously. STORAGE & TRANSPORTATION
It is necessary to maintain the cold chain at all levels i. The storage centre should check the condition of blood on receipt from the Mother centre and also during the period of storage. SUGGESTED QUANTITIES OF WHOLE BLOOD UNITS TO BE AVAILABLE AT A BLOOD STORAGE UNITS
5 units 2 units 1 units each of A. Ice. First In and First Out (FIFO) policy. depending on the type of blood bags used.e.
Since all the blood bags will already be tested by the Mother Centre.
. whereby blood closer to expiry date is used first. O (Positive) AB (Positive) each of A. should be followed. Care should be taken to maintain sterility of blood by keeping all storage areas clean. This transportation should be efficient. A proper record of this should be kept.
4. The Medical officer in-charge should ensure that unused blood bags should be returned to the Mother Centre at least 10 days before the expiry of the blood and fresh blood obtained in its place. During transportation. Gloves should be cut and put in bleach for at least one hour and then disposed as normal waste. cross matching. B & O (Negative)
3. turbidity or change in colour should not be taken on stock for transfusion. disposal of empty blood bags should be done by landfill. The responsibility of any problem arising from storage. the blood should be properly packed into cold boxes surrounded by the ice packs. The blood should be kept in blood bank refrigerator at 4-6°C ± 2°C. ISSUE OF BLOOD
Patients' blood grouping and cross matching should invariably be carried out before issue of blood. Other than this. The blood is taken in the boxes with the ice to keep the blood cool. if used should be clean and should not come in direct contact with the blood bags. issue and transfusion will be of the storage centre. from the mother centre to the blood storage centre to the issue of blood. blood testing equipment that test the blood group and also do cross matching should also be present.
Training will include: • Pre transfusion checking. DOCUMENTATION & RECORDS
The Centre should maintain proper records for procurement. cross-matching and issue of blood and blood components. i. who will be responsible for the Blood Storage Centre. TRAINING
Training of doctors and technicians.e.6. patient identity and grouping • Cross-matching • Compatibility • Problems in grouping and cross-matching • Troubleshooting • Issue of blood • Transfusion Reactions and its management • Disposal of Blood Bags The Blood Banks who intend to supply the blood units/components shall test the following mandatory tests before supplying to Blood Storage Centres: • Blood Grouping • Anti Body Testing • Haemoglobin Content • HIV I & II Anti Bodies • Hepatitis B Surface antigen • Hepatitis C Anti Body • Malarial Parasite • Syphillis The label of the tested blood unit shall contain the above particulars with date of testing before supplying to Blood Storage Centres
. should be carried out for 3 days in an identified centre as per the guidelines. These records should be kept for at least 5 years.