Expressions for graphs (Writing IELTS 1) | Economies | Business

Starting your essay The graph shows figures for… This report describes… As can be seen in the table

/graph/pie chart, According to the graph… Spanning half a century from … to … is detailed in this report The table shows the different ways in which … As can be seen in the graph… The graph and bar chart show the numbers of people who… It shows the amount … and the total amount of … The figures show that… The (chart) gives information about sth in terms of the different levels of/ reasons for/ Categorized by gender/employment status Categorized according to Talking about time/ periods Over a period of (2 years) During this 5year period from…..to…. Between … and … The The The The first following next final

During In Over

10 years

and subsequently until over this period Since then + present perfect Finally And subsequently After that Then And by 2000 … during the ’60s and ’70s until the early/mid/late 1930s …. In the meantime,

at which point there was a decline.. But following that there was a During the following decade Annually Were first recorded

Increases and decreases decrease substantially have fallen significantly decreased dramatically There has been a gradual decrease Have shot up from approximately … and topped There is a dramatic fall.. Rise steadily Remain stable Drop significantly They experienced a dramatic increase… Have gradually fallen… There were some fluctuations… There was a marked increase in the numbers of … And has remained stable/constant Which had a downturn of about … The greatest proportional rises can be seen in the … Increased threefold/fourfold … There was a significant increase to … (number) There was a gradual rise until … with a peak in … followed by a steady decline to just under … Rose rapidly from … in …. to a plateau of around …in …between … and… The number rose to …. Shot up to over … Reaching a peak of … during the ’60s and ’70s but declined to around … in … Visits to UK where double the number of visits abroad by UK residents the figure almost doubled to around … There was a steady fall in (the number) After this there was a slight but steady decrease Rose only slightly .. reaching a plateau of around … from … to … But following that saw a steady decline to around … Experienced an upward/downward trend

Referring and Comparing Whereas In contrast to this The second most favoured The latter… The trend for… is similar The general trend is similar They are between three and seven times more frequent… The numbers of both kinds of … have risen, with … being the greater. Apart from … Except for… Concerning the… And by 2000 it was the second most popular when the figure almost doubled to around … ….is the most popular… …compared to… In…. and in … the proportions are quite different. In both theses cases about two thirds of Experienced a rapid rise in the … reaching … and …, respectively by 2000. … differs from the other … in that … …is the greatest, followed by … with … have shown different patterns

Tops and bottoms … and topped at … with a peak in … They appear not to exist at all Reaching a peak of When it plunged reach an all time low/high of They reach a peak at… when after hitting a peak of just under … experienced a (similar) boom in Are relatively few numbering a mere ( small number)

Stability

where/When it remained stable from … to … When it reached a plateau of … during the ‘90s appears to have remained fairly constant

Expressing reason Due to Because of On account of

Generalizing It seems that overall… The average number.. 1,2,3, all had high numbers/ percentages of No other changes were recorded All five The five countries included are: … In general, the total sth increased until …, at which point there was a reduction in the … due to/ because of … But the general trend was an increasing one. Getting close to numbers Approximately Was just under/over… In the region of … of/to around … at… over three quarters/two thirds/ three fifths of … was almost double the amount of Are relatively few numbering a mere ( small number) Others Males and females both experienced an upward trend reaching 70 and 80 hours of work respectively. Assumptions

It is obvious/it is clear /it is apparent that We can assume/We can predict/we can project that

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.