717!ll"lr.l"'l'<1::lj:l tl1!

li:l 7V1,1i'::l7 :'i1::l"I::lI:l'111il<'
t:l'7::l1Pr.l:l ':J1Vl<i 7~l\

Im,xc l'lllJ c~"1.l1 'V1.l m,

mp' iJ~1

11lJDl1

Oi~;'

]1.l

n1~\1

::"DC\li,:n

rnptl1 r:9t'Jiil
lim
Ijl'7~

~:ns~;n

ttl'l\;1

~'ltl"

:lmx ~itO.:Jm' cr:nn:m ?;l ,:Ji;}01
'CP:17~ ';' p,mlt?l:)t,t7'

Ifi7:mz vf\ T;'17N Iii'
';"I

o"n em "P1.l'1
v: ;)~N ~::J

01!1b::i": 0;]7

~~C'::':1 '01117 l\'}ji !,J)iJ ~11':J "11"10:1 O!;J

i'lni~' r.:m~n~)m, DirC~ym u~'Ji1rn:) J1TC'V0ni -r

7Yi

O'y'Jlt1lTltlJii nJ'11IJ~).i JCT) -Dr1 Y1r Oi1:J
::JII:>:, j 7N IV: 0710 ,1'17:1;1 Jpj' '17 ~JPy"

vn'I~ 'i ~:llt,):l ~ll'ib; iiV~:J .'OC' Nip"

.0.110'!l11:J

1111

n")

OXI nrlU;' i11TlDyn };:7 111min

"mijJ' li'!')!;"10 ;'\wl~Y71 nrr:r17J? :J.7 ~nfjrv

'7'"
,l"t::r"",!J?51 FT";J,n ~1ii1 ilm-'"c

1"'1n !If{ '11"n" nin,t\:i i::tn,ji1 l1o'~n
U:'2i';);,'nl1'1pJiJ D~IJ~{:J '''nptJ)i ;";',iil ny:t
rl,t\ i:pt?::l'n:t 1""6 jjtI1i~?~ ':nt,m ii:l}<:!5::l ,nn') .1J: tl j l\t/Pil tP'jr1;l tJ'i1'l~"nI10 O't'::l'1fi:l
1

11V,'li1"10l:i '~'P ,tn~ 0::1" Fll1;T71 Tl1'71.).. -:::17.:1;/' ,Tl'Jij'7! F!,WJ;l T".JYJ '·:GY' ~t,'l\ 1'"7j) ::nn, ;111~; 'nil
ll:jin ,;'m7:n:l Ti~ ,11),1 pm ,iWDJ ,rm7N.'':11 rFll;Ji11 o-c-u r':Y ,t)l\ 71°11 1\:;;]?1 ,'1J~U,Jji it.'
"jJmu "p 7;n,"'11K ',If' cn::::1 lY; '.-T)I)'I n:j)-:~ :lK

.:'Ii 1;;1,']7 OODl1>'')') m-mo:!

-n-s-

w;;:'/ '1'J uu

,1'1J.I1 1::;'1:1 ,'£10:1 an01J i11'117

i1).'JC'T'I mOJ r:1n' ;lTyi'J::J

11 'lD}m .:!1'1l:jYl 'Jl1l11

2]

566

]1')1' j1',:llll'~l1' P-1~= .'It''!)1 ',1 ~'!)1 " ,'1:ll-'~0 PMl' " :O"Jlpn:l 'llIV~" 'Jl1~J
.O~~j';P;''1-0'~tr':!iil:nqr~o'1~ii ':J.rl:iJ ~n~w.v;,

111ll'i':l :lll:l ;"'Ml1 ~':llt "lll" ,,7:l11'W 1l1W"~ l":llt'lj?:l 'l~' )1l11~ 11',:llZll11'~
.11":ljYlZIl ]:l")1IV111',p')1:ll1mj?l:l11~ 11':lJ'IV
IV,p:l Ml'l Ml' .1
TIt{ 0" ,n"iV?;Yt.j;1 ,.n"j'l;)~'ii iimYblVb j:J?b lil~11i:J. nl{t7u n":J.Yii ii!)U7: Imi! il'7;)i'i

Iiptlii7'.:n"n .,~tv"ii ,",miitrJ '::J:J ,rn"OO"b11Wj1i n,o"~n:l .':;t:i;"l;'i1 :iY1;' lii:ltVm'):111iy~tz.nj
•'i'l:i1

iJ1 1"\~ 't\'::1r.J;, i,::rril 1"~i:1.l;'i 1':11:1 Tlt'::m7 l'l;,,}t;,' "liX;' .,:1i'r'l1:J ,'1P;') :1~"iV:1:1

,O"'JttJ 0;':11 O'j,V

O":1'l ;,,~ O"l1!I
'IV o'ml1'~ .:l1ll

rrrn i1"'n 'ltmtJ

,CJ"t-\':lJii "'::l1:J.

"T~'1j

011'1.:1 otril1"m'ii'

I"!')?;'!

'W O:l"U'" ")1~l1ll:l-'l11n:l 1~lX:ll :l)1'l~IV:l l~lX :0't:l'1:1 ,l11n~,

,,"In 'lXl

,:l1?~ ,111':1';':l l11'~0 ")1J1 C'Xi"t:l~"i'l~X:l 'lX ,m'llJ

'IV l1ilillllll11t:l'1!l1ll110'~11 ')1 - 'lJ,1 'lP 'on' l1~'lIInJ - 0':1ll0l;' ,11'X1Jl;' ;'0'!l11:1
l~'llJ ,ll)1 rn '!l0 !;",~, '~D'J

,n;,

n',l;":l :lP'DO'llJ o',mll ,:lp'T1ll;' 'lII1X :l!lIV:l
.0"Jli7ll:l 'lll11~'
~U:l

'l i

lX l1'lIIllX:ll11,n l1X'l'

'lli

01~'t:lll

'lII1X l11'1 l1X'1"W ):'llWllJ1JlIIlll1l11n, 111'l :"t:lXt:lOPX' nJlllJlVlll'Wn

nllllJlII11~'IV:l :11 '7.1XllJW ,'ll17 'lx,n

III

'lli

P

X':l l11'1:l

:l):'1l11:1 .111!):' l11't:lXt:lOPX
.:11

nl'l~l" nm"l1 'IV '1Xll :lJn1 l1l11p . 'l1~'P m)1 'IV Jlll

n'n"T :l'llM

nx,'nJn7 IV'

):'llWllJ O~ -1ll~ .rm 110'l~

.l11't:lXtlOPX l11Jl~l1 'IV :l"~:lJ 77:1':l'

'IV nO'J:I ,'1l1'~ - o,xn ')1l11'p:l m, n"T','J

Oll')1

MIVl nl,:l .2

l11'11nJ 1Jl ('o'~m 'lIIllll;, plllJ 1~ - 'pl):'l ):'l):'lll 't:l't:l7~ ,10' ,11':l
:l,J :l'1~1l n':l'X;' l11':l110'l:1

'lli

n'lW):'

n'lwpn l11')1!ll1n'IV ]JlllJ XJ "t:lXtlOPX'

1111~7.1 01'P l1)1WJ ~x lX ,n;mn '1lj', ,;"'~l1n 1ll! 1111J 77~-l"J - l1'n,xn l11':l
,~l)1l1ll1 :l~lJ xlnw1~'''')1 'n,xn 'lJ,n "'-')1 '):'~J O1X:ll11'n,IV Jllll:l1 .l11lj'10ll
!l11')1~nn' "J)1:l '1t:l'Jn'lII nlj'IV:ll :lJ1IVX':ll11)1ljIVlj:l X':l-X':l1

l11')1~l1n'lII O'l1l11 O'OI!l't:l .3
XlIIll x'n ,l11't:lOlj lX l11'X1JJ ,l11l1W 111'111 l11'11nJ :lJl"1V1~1Xl nn:l 'IV nll1pll rrn»

1110'~l1J 'l~'ll ,'l Xl:ll11,n l11):'~llXJl11')1!lnn:l J~lllll ~~ .1"l):"IV 1n1l, P'~):'l:l '1~'77

n"x,n

:]1D l:lJ O')1'~lll:l tl'~01ln 0'~'1l:l l1X O~ n'pljl :l'p~ ,:1J pnJ' IV'

,~ ;-;'''J1i.:1ii

1'1;'

,n1i1'X;'1

,tV n1,JilV':1 111ij"Ob:1 m:niJjjli

,'77;'

,n'Jtr1";' ;"O'Dii ,;'Y'b1Oii1

Tl'''Ni N" 111ii?NJ msn~tl;'i:11~ 0':1:'111 n),i,V;': i:l.'1b ON;' :;"tt{'tti':l i1~"l'1;" '::l'~' ,i1~"n:i
.I:l"'~'~ O'lJl1 m'!lO IX l11l1lll1

567

[3

'tlNtl0PN-'N1Jl71r.l '1'11N'11-'~10111'n .4

un'~'tiiX'n, ;"::pi1 1"::1 n'.:l"'i1nb ilJn::x i1,:lj7i1 'pnJ 'j'~ ilt7b l"n:Zi1 i'I.1r,n~7
7111 1171117tVJ n'll'1py ;unJN N':1 11 :1lnJN .11'l.lNl.l0PX:1-11'N1Jl:1 :17JP:1 P7 n'1'11N'nn

'itll1"'~tJ'jJi1 Tl1imtJl1:ii'j'tV i1111:l0il" ilJ1'U' jljl::lb "~X Jiitlb'iO'r.Ji'1 O"""'l)b'l~ O"l;'Pl
pJ mm Nl:1 071X ,71'X 7111 l'111nl:1 7Y P17:17 XJ 1J'X :11 'pm.l .11'110':1 ;;P'l.lO'7.l:1
IN '1171J7.l1l~ lU'X l111l.l7.ltV 111nl;;J POly ;;1 ,7.lX7.ll'X ;0'107.l11'1 1,1:>7 lXJIII l11lnJX
;U'nJ7.l :17;;7111 111nl;;;; 7Y 001J7.l mJ Y:>l7.l:1 11'1:1l1Xl Oy ;rI'11:1':1 110:1111m 7111 "1tlO';;
7111 O'Ol~'O .1111y 111'111 111'11n7 y'1:17 1~XtV ,0'7.l'1:1 'Jl.l ,0,7J1P7.l - 11'1171J7.l1J~
01 X1:ll.l7 l11'l ,011p:1 '1],1':1 1',m07.l:1 P7 11Y ~:>'J 17.l"pnnlll ,l11'X1Jll 111'l.lNOOpN
7Y 11X7.l npDlXl.l1 n'11017.l :1'1:>J 1,J'1111 IN ,:17X 0'7J1P7.l .0'7J1P7.l:1 'l11VX, ':>N
Xl:1 111:17X:1 7Y :1Y~III:1:1 1~1II 111'11n 7tV ,111' In'1717J7.lJ 07:>N lJ7J1l11l17NIII 1X ,tl:1'111'11n
nmynn )'J7 tl1X:1 IIInlll m'7NJ Y~1!I:1 ntVlnl1 p :1,'110 7J l'X lJtV 717J7.l ,tl:17.l 1nx p'
J:>7.l 771J:1 '111 '11'11n 9:>' 7111 om'l.lJ 'Jl17.l,1 1l":11 ;01X:1 7111 11'Jl~'p 11'l.lXOOpX

.""'1~'r('n,o'u\'nl :"'~ ;ij:H~ mlWV o'"lm '~x 0), y'blb Xl;"\) ,'O~t:ltJP}\
;'?Jj:'i1

1':17

n'!l1~i1 iij?'vO'i.Jn

1':1

O"I11i:JtJ1 0""00';' O'Y),b - 11"'00';' i1J'nJb

X'Il/ " ':l :1'YV:1:1 11X :11 ,7.lX7.lJ :17l/l ,:1'~l/71JX tl:1,JX " 7Vml/~1:1 'J~7 11l/17.l"pI1l

;"il:Jfl::l i'!lnON .im'~':l "Yii ;''In'ii 1"i"7Jb inXtO iii

1':mn:l n1'T;J1bii m'1bii111nX i1';'

,17.l:>l/V:l7 '117111117.l:1 11'1J ll'X m '17.lX7.l7V "P'l/:1 ll"JY pili 11'117111117.l:1 '1117.ll/711111
.0'llI11X,:1 tl'7Jlp7.l:1 'JI1:lJ 11~P11I117.l:1 11'111:1 :1'lln:1 'lX'117 01,117 11'OlJ X7X
V1p:1 01, '1' 7l/ m7l/~':1:11 111110':1 .5

J~7.lJ r:nxn 11117X mnn ':17N:1 y~V;; 11'lln 11X Xl.lJ7 tl"1VY 111110';;11YJ'X l'I117.l :i11117V
0"17.l'1n 17.l 1nx 7:l .,'YJ7.l '1xn1 O'Y'Jl7.l O'7.ln ,:17.l'lIIl7.l nn:1 .'lX:11 0'7.l:1 ,01,:1 :'X1Jln

.1Y~1II7.l11I17~X:17.ltl1llJ11:17 ;;~'XIIIJ1 '1P7.l:1 7X :1,1;;;; 111PP1I1111;;J lP7.l1y7 'l111P
111'1101 1110'~11 1Pl7.lJ 17.l1Y 9X tl'l1Y71 ,0'llV 0'V1'J Y'~17.l 111110':1 l1V17V7.l ,nx 7:l
0'11l/7 .,nx '1Vp:1J )Jll.l:l ':l ox ,'~l/:1 7X :1,m:1 0,11 01 Y'~1'V ~X III' ;111l1111 111'111
117.l"p :'7.l1X '11:1 ,11'lJ17.l1 :17.l7V 1,1 7V m:l'7.lJ ,l.l1Y :17X;' 0"17.l''1:1 1nx TIlJl'p

On1l'\ i;"bil p:::liit ~'i1t.' ,"T:i1b;'1 'm'iil
C"1b'1;"l7.'J ijll'\:::l lllm''V:litl ":1;"1ii

"vj?

1':17

tP1::l'X;' F~ inl\

tPI1Y7 .:1l\'it7::l ;-P11i1ii

7::J

'v

r:t 11'11i1 rnOn"l1i1
'iD'J '7:J V~IOi:)rn

:17X:1 0'71';;:1 l'x I11Ji'1PO'lW'V ,'1i'17 nJ1n 11Xl oy ;O'lll11 0"'1100':1-0"111'1~O O':JlYJ
O'Jll11 0"111 0'01~'tl7:>X p' X7 y'm:17 ;"lVY:1 ,nJY 11'111 :1'11n:1I11X 7'1/ I11l1V O'l~ X?N
.1l:l:>Y 01X 1111X 7:>X O'l1lV tl''1l11p:1J X7X

7V J:>7.l:l 1111p:1 nn '1'-7l/ I117Y~':1:1 I1X 0,7J1P7.l:1 'llI11X' lX'1 1:>':l 'X11' nJ ,7.lX7.l

;n10rl"1"l:i7 1;:)T' 13:11'1::1

1,;rw tl'ij:'l tl''''llit7P;"l O'tl"'lU;' 7:;:)~'

.O:J1T1:l 0'.11"Y;' O'~;' ny':u

.90lJ "pn~:l1Jl1" ,;'''i'J 1:J ,ii7t-:

4]

568
iii

'1JN:~::l l:ptt)bt1.n~;, O~~)7'J'j;'1 O~n.:li7j;'

.6

1;',):J;11 O"!"li::l;Jfi b~mlnl'1 ill j~l\b:l O"JWi'SlV'b l"ltlO"b b"lOi'~'~' iN: l;'lp'.J::Jtl O"mmii tni'b:I
i

l111'l~ll Ji'111'l JiW1i" lII~ll'l1 ~n~

rrurorn 7111 O'lI'lJl7l O'J71117 ;'7~ 7111 cruro .rnecn

11(

l1'11n ,p71'inN7 ,~i1111i'1 ;"1711 ;'Jill~1,J1II ;"11n 7,v ln11( Ol'~ 07l~, on Ji'l7l11J1 ,71(n
o'''li1i11!li~ :1nJil'

1"'1'1:'1 il;:)"l?7i'il

?\V

.i1'l/;,O'7j;'j i1'1in;,

;O'iWpii 'JV:! v~itnj '1,.,1

:mi;"l it:tpii:l
iil'''lbil ;':J:lJ

)"l'x

n.m.:!il

.il'

11"l,))7.Jil ;,x"nVi1;'1

;'p"li:ll iTl"I),Oi::l:ltti ,b"l'll1i1 "'::li ,:J:l 'i01iJ;'i ~1i'jf

n':2 mnnn1i;-r;"i1~ Iii":';;';"'! "lJ'rz,., mmill1J1l::i 1m'"~ii itvpil:l .1i'bD'bil

,iI~iiViiii 71'\ l:)10:l? ""l::l1;';'1J:J:iiil fiiW:i;"1JJ T tm 1'l l:liZi :l~ij' '111.111:1 'n"'Otti'');'i il"1171;,1 'lib":!;'
,1:l'7l;' 11' min ,im;, 11111111'lJiJ l'l~Ji iNt:JJm 01( p ,m:I)l;'1 J~llJ .l117m;,;, 11( l117,~,;,;,
O"~lJ 11t:J171J C~''!7 111111,~mJ1 ,('~ll( ,,~) ,n~ ,:I71 c"m,,;, C"l'J"J7I11J l'nJ;'7111'"

.'l1ll

'~7l ('i'~1K "~)

;"'III,ll1'lil/J:I

17;'7111 '7l~71;' n171117l1111;' l1':I7111 .7
l1J'iJ JiI'l'M '171"'i1J'J n;,NJ N'Jln :1ll1"7 N:t171I11'Pl~'!771'!7Ji N,l,'i 'iJ, m:tn (N)
imp,o pnr 'i 7111 Cl1"11l1~ m,~ pip, (~) ;;"iln li1l ;'''7, 7111 ;,l/1l11:1 l1"11'~ ;C'7l~
;,i'J1II

7111 C'J:tllJ p,pl/n 7111 C"1t1'J ;C1XJl l11;'7XJ rrrvn '7J;, ; 'l~J;' ilJ,;,1 ,mm

(~) ; 'lV 1~7l ,'lP71;, 7N ;,'lm l11'Jn11:1 ,;'p'l' ,l117l7111 7111 C'J~7lJl ,'I'lN 1~7l ,P1l1'll
np'tlo'll;, Cl/ ~~"111~ rm ;Ol1J'KVJ - l11KJlmnl C'71l1,'Jl~ 1117':tK~ (,) ; ilK~1111P~'~
mi 1117'11:1 ;'1II1lK~ '1~'~ 11K ~l1l/l~l ;'7'~m 1711J 1II'P~ rm 1117'11:1 :11"1~'~ 11'~1~;'
(1) ; '111i~0I'l1 'i't:lO'~~ liIl:lP~11117'JP7l~ 111l/711ll71 (1) ; i1K~ l1"1N~~ 1K C'71l1,Jl;;~ 1II'pn

.C'iJ'~ C~l/J ]"l/7 ;'11, ;'l~l .111'lm'1

m, (nJ ;ilKI'l1 rrrn

'J1 ,111Ji l117'Jp71 C'7'J717N'ill/ 'il N,l)7 'i 711:1111'~K;' 'lI:Ili'~1II1~ 7, 17l, 'J1IIn n'l/III'

1II1i'~ " m,,;'7 1 .C111N J'l11711K,1l/'i 71111111n'~1lC'717111 C'l/t:lpJ 1II7111111717N'i', 'i1ll1ll'
C'pl7l J711:1111~p1ll7l1117'JP71;;1I:I1KJ7112,Kill/ 'i 'Jl1JJ i111' Cl'P;; i1J'I'l;;

N", 1111~K;'

m1~l\i'11V'n~!l ,'J.vn :1';") I\'-i 'bY ,N1:Jb ,;:'''J:iVl1'10'7Vl'' ,7N'il;l ", mi)!\;"i V'li'D ,'::lVli" :;'T~n
I, :11n::l t!1p'm c:m ,;'1'10 :i'i1'} "'i1J~'),O pn!' " n7~p T11oi1::W,i 7Vl'i"nl C:UY ,,"1D 'n i(7W'TY' "7

I"

.30
I'niY

'1 ':Jii~'

;-;,;;jl

1~j10U 1<1il1 ,11"),/{;'! V,,'!) n:l'l1J'

m,)N"j! Wii'tl 'J
V!J1/"lJ l..tJ~l;;ji1

,229 'l.:Y ,(i"bID'n)' ,7l\1V' n:llVniJ:J O"lll11' "i'I'11J

:p'!:liT ,15-12 'i.:lY ,J"iJVli

o'p

O','V1"

,i1'mm,v, ,'7:JP '1pn ,':Hti11"

,(l"Y) 11

,flNi l1?ilY' ,.111tr.1

C'1'Vj! i'V V"~D ':J ,il~O ':lTllJi .3-2 'iJ;l ,';'1J,'1')i.) 71<'11)7

,'mn, ,9":g:;'7 ClipO 'V' .Ui:l'm7 Q'TJ1J:-t 7Y ClV ;,\n,p7i::lX1ry 'i 7lVl'i:11?9 1p'Y:l
1m' lnl-:;-; .o-ren 1'lV Vi"" N"pml rO;n~ 'i:l1)i'ilt tl'P"D~'Vl\1' niiiOiJ 111:J"t'1 l\lii

,.I1'10it/\ ;;::n1:;J ,Iti :l7ltiO 1:1)1'1.:,1 TIN' l'JpVb O'11:rnii 'JIti

1':1

71:1;-;;-; ,p~ibJ i1i11/{O;' l\ljl ,'JV1'

tIN nOv'.!"D D'.....''tlT! 1"it" ':)"l1'!l7 :1n,yj1i1 ,1tyb :; ,i1:ln, li'JV"lj :lJ'J1::J'W J7V7 ,r;p'm t:m1J!:l liKO::lni.:l;'
J'n,;;';{;' ~'l'''!:l,j';;l .JilVl'{1;i 1'::l'nil U"l1"JJ fll-\

xpm iN'l ,n"lVl1pN ;1:l')",:i? )i'10lTi{ :1J'J1:m rD"'!?;'] J1.... ;rf1

2

569

'11:11:1tpnnW

[5

'J~ 1nmW rm '~?;n 1110'~l11iP')7J~:1"lJ~ J?IV ,?ll'illl 'il11illl 'i ?IV jl'?Jp~ :Ji':PJ
.OlKJli~ ?lV tl'?J1P:;l~ '~lnJ

?JpllJ~ ,??~l17l:J 1111111:1~~ O"P~ ?lV 1111?'lI~1111l;m tl'l'1ll11l.1?lJ~ l11?'Jpll~ l1nNJ
O'i1:J'n 1N ,;"IT )lOp 'V m:mv mNO'~ 3 .o~X'JJ;n O'J1VXiii O'j"On:i 7'C7 on"'Y':;l 01i;:1V7j?

iJ~ 1'1l m lIOP 4 .~'1n~? ~~'1llT"-l1J l1'?Jp~ l111~OJ l11'1:m ,"7)7 tl'OOJl111" O'll.1p
m.'ij,~;' 111'\ :\b:n·~;:j ,"1i'Jl';:'

,"""x'n'::i 1'::111\

TIN iiiV')'1~f1 U:Ji'J n1' j7Ji'J
M

'i"Y':J

,'pr1i'J:1

l1in~ ~"Xi l1'111~ rn lIOpJ 111? 'll:11J 5.01p'" 7111 m"7K;J O?1l7 1mJ "JiJ lI'~lV~7
)7J1l 'Iml 11J1J 1"~1ll111~ ('l.1KOOP~~) ?)7~l111 J:1lJ ?)71111)71l'l~7 lV' ~1'1l11'1lJ pl1J71
.~7'~m K'lVJ l1'K1Jl mp~1? "1'l1nJ 1llVp" ,'l~Jl

.m l1~')77 rn O'J11)7 ,'~'11)7 '1' K11)7 '1 '1J1 1'''7

~'VJN""

ryi.Jm,';'1 T1l'.npmil 111:rn:Jt11::J 7;; C'TYO;'"l ,l\lT)1 '1i.J111Vt:7 C'lnl\ C'O)j'j)1::l7 i'!.l1l\:J 11l\);j ncn

.11'1n1l\r.J ;"lJ'J'l::J n11!J 1:1111',);'1\1 7::li'7 11N/j iitlpl ,r"Un 'J11::£7'1'::11';;7 lJn:mu 'O'lilO n7'J.1J'l'O·P1D

j't:mi1 ;'1';TV 1'11 mO'V7 yn/j 1=110 N'7 ,':tV'I1 :P';;;"lW m'J\77'l;'l n"i.J7
,mmx)Jjj ;J7Jp, "1\0 I1'J"!)1l\ 11 0;nnn ':;j ,1"17 tr 1lY") .'Jm,l' o:mr:m - 'J'Z7i1 'ru-rrt

"'Nl 1l'fObl ,11N jiJ 111V1f'lji

1'1\

0"1\

1'X'i'tll::l "'\J)li:)j11":m i17Ji';'1 n'lVNl 11N :1'::l;' ::IX)',);, ::n,,-'n~,y ;'::IV ,;',::IP;' 11'1.71\1

,y

1)iJ 1'71.7;'7

·DO'O"'l':i llJ 1::1Y1:)i11"l'O- 0101:i rnn110111oy - mn1l'\O;"1 :i7::1Pi1 m: "'1\1 ,"'1m· 'v!:nn;"i '17':17 ·101il\;"i

COi~V oopo;'! ;'l'\1 ili m::l"Jl:l

1""31 1':;'0

m~y l'\1TY '1 LV';'];''! 'iX'1D1D.1 1'l'P' C'71;j 1':l::mi11

:l7i1'j 161 '1;jY ,,";n11 ::I'J/\ 711 ,p·7l'i'J 1DO :11n::l ,'Fi7::1;';1 I1'Vl\1 11i'7m, i1V1n ,111:9'11' ,017V ':I :t::J17V
'iJ :1111::1 ,'1"Jtn,i17l\'1TY '1 ,l'\1i~ " :VT.liJ "iN'

rrrt 7V

f11\' ,;"10

'n :0:1 i1/\"

.(:''lV1n ;i11Y11 ,017V

,i11:.nY:i 0), .248 'iJY ,1991 0·71.71'1' ,C"J'::I;l·iJ'J n'11,,!,;"i m:l;')::1 7l\1V'~r1N ,(C')1'y) "prJ1 'Xl V'07n
11nJ,l'\;"i Vl1'OJ '7'l'{1 O'l1iJi1 m1::1::1 1::liJ 11;'1)~'j,0 pnr', Q'1'Vi1 "'0 V1"t!JV

,0' Yl1J'.j 1iJlY 'JV11V

.n 1lJi1JN::l r;:J1'J111 ,0"n:1 11::l1JJ -on Nul
lijY ,OlUj 0'71:/ .(oyn 'oy ,:i7:Ji' '1Pnl 'J11pl 117ii1,n mpm, JT'1Y7 om ,1JD') 'I1'l\1,' :N1TY '1 7V
'110 i1T cyo'O Qj, 1n1K1:I11J'nJ l::1'1Oni11 TlJV Q'YJC' P x1ry '1 m"::1 JTlJ) 11:i'ni1 ') 1::10i')'~i':l (148-145

11l1'1;jl\ 7i!ViJJ t'~'01:l '::1'.:111 ,;'; Tl'-'P';1:1 i1J'O:1N';"I 1'l\V 9N

0·11:rn;"l m1;j'ip JW":lp OV7 V'DO!'.J U'l\ ,'";ll"J;1V pm ,Ol\7i.l 'J!'.J .C'iiO;; l1:n::l::l1::1 1JU 11iir'),o pm'
1\'iI 1i ii11:1, .C"JViil'JV 01p1iJi1 11::1'nJ mi:ll\i1 V11'O IlJ'.7ni17 0'1'10'.:1 m~::lll\:l '110010V 'JT111JOl
.1\1iy '1 'Jl1:l:JV - 11'71\0):J1100 - nOiplOii j':J:lV:J 111711'O'J ,J::I n'J11p' n':1l7111no
,':nun m11:"t:'~

,71\'11Y

;j"m

'i' m1:11\;"\ owo in1')yn 1107 2441l\v'tll\1 '''J ,l\1TY '17 T1l1ll\;"\ Vli'!:) :;"Il\i

3

.41-39 'j:JY
't'K1P1 omb '1 '~1\ ;"11\:1 ,n'11),m rm:1i1
l"JY

vbv '71:lil'7''I'1) 010"l ilt7;liJ7

,'Q:i';m7 o'v1pnO'"1::11i117l\' {l\) :0;"\ 0"1::1;"\;,,\ .i1"-17 'ny ,nnp' '11'

(:1) ;(i11i'lN rm?:l1ii'1::1 :rt11X

l:l 'Yl 11:::11' n"l\1l\V11J

N"jiV ,1rn~::Int"I::1ji iiOiJ,;J

4

"VI::l7 iOO 1111::1 ,:1ili17 tlli'!:l::l

un/' 1J 'i:JY ,0'0)

'1.:'N':;,p'

',:n

1li10 1":!li1Ji'l

p,n, pi 'J ON} reou nC'1J ;-:01), .iiv'VJ nJ''l'i': J"JY, iwrp 0.) i"JJ01 l'"J)/" i;)ii11!lOr.: ;'11'01\ ::11"'0
7Y iBIY!:)Vii 1:m ii:m:m ii01~ ';,\1i .:17'.7 'i::J;l ,::l"n ,j"J,t:n "::1I1:l ,V1j?il l'\i1'l\ 11::'ilJ :i;rrnn (ytJvilllJ
;)10111' 'iyv 100:11 TD1J"l\ il1j0' ii' 'O1 ' , )/';'1 o'nO':1 l1l;lr:m.: nlo\m 111iiiil-.:/j rrrort .l1';)I"1i1 n::m:l!1
N11),7" "J1l:lJ m":Ji'1';) ml\01~" . ,/jxoiil~"O;'J iiNi ,om)li:J'V01 iT O1nDVi':J7 Q')'"t'ii Q'11J'ri 7;1 .1"niil7
.0'1::110 ~1n

on"'ill\

,1' Q'Oill'O;'l O"l:1~n::l 11\ ,m'!y

O'O:1'fl- i17::1P /71'1\ '0 .359-357 'ny ,,";:lvn Cl'7V1" ,m1J7V~p I, ;1"1)/') ;'Jl1~)'J ii':lj7:i ,C,;V ') :1")'

,:1"70'" 'x .OW Il11y;n (O'Vin O'DJ':1- ;;,:1P ,'TN :1'ii7j 65-64 'bY ,1993 ::I":1l\,m 1:)'710711" ,o'l,:,..,n
,41-40 'oy ,{J',t;1" :1':i')'il7JpJ ii7"0I1i17V ilmj'I~'VO' ViD>i ,1""o7Ji J'J~ 7i1 ,ii7Jpil m1!:lOJ C'ipno
~1'i1') R.JL Werblcwsky, Joseph Karo, Lawver lind Mvstic, Philadelphia 1980 :0;" jiM11 .49-48

.62 ''D') ,PpO::n7:J1'

5

.,1NC ur, A., l2.:'£LLU.t cfir,,,t Ht
vi-II 'L -dd \066I) Ll \{lfdo.lOlflfd fo iJol.>!H eusU! S21pnl5 'S,Jj!.JUOWWW ,\'<Jsowlo !1f3n0lJ.1 <lifE t.£llU"
t.1LN N'i L:QaI.LIJ 12G"'iLOlG"IJ~ Lt'i,J:' ,s:J!l!{Od pun ;;NI¥ ~ UOllJ~ljJ;ld cmunjt uo S<lP!UOUI!UW, 'f\<lAlIlH 'ZM
UIClL.\ CrLNl.: rc LtL" L, ti:!l••2f 12Ltl..

dcus:

qfit,,,l ro (.4 Ld6: l..!!.lCLW a.L!tcf.n &;,1,;' 1I.:,N t.:dOlI..

J.:Qt"J NULIt.. \.! 'Ctl.4 WL:firClJ (tRW t.:ncL, CiJLLI.J 'i'Ct" W12'Ct.,1.J WG,c.u

al4 WI.. a"cd:

~Na,J. .1:1'; Li

Chal.! 4LCL.;.l

.z.l >/J XG"4t at! UlLLCl4i!t"n, {CLILrlO Nct LI"tl1r CClLMcl' CCI..l.!I..Qt"O W~I.Ic.:OI tQLCU ,L!L"al.!, ccaleu
l.!i,1Ua.Cl.!, LWt.n:u::l.! wC4u'Mmc.,.{\1 I.!f.OIl,L! 'itLN C.1atlU"w: IC, NO "LeI.! waUOICL: L..ClL"U C4L,(."lC"L "CI.!'i L4N
U.lIltl.! NX'; l.:LClt:uO' qlLl.! rCtC"C' u.;d 2'1' GLa 4t:: ae Lt J.!LQC"O ttfi...u ,rt14 l.!!.!am.:, ll:t!..."U ,LtCLU\.(
LtL..q 1:4u.r"lIc"a 4l,;a:rw lliN"t ,4CGlU ~IJ L;qUllitl.!, r::m!. N4..eo Nl4l:a:se C4UlL ql'mJ.LClLl' LNI.! cuk"41.!
4C1.'(:U 'C1:i4 ul,;a.n.: ururu CNllUau.ClU iiCLUl Cl4 t:q"aCl..al<h Cr:LlQl .-11.4 n:14 U'!' c4LCtL' Cd,Lqa 0.4

9

It:l..'CL..a N4J.: !.:lC"L a'ic~u !.I/~ tUCQlJl:

Nl ,uc,;c4 l.~UllalC4l
~I 1Jf.4J.: tGaL u.m.ra LlJalLC 4aLall.t 9

uf..,w (GmL

4L:Lt..d CClW aX"CL; "CL.,W 'iL;al~,( Nl

C(~u:

Cei""U

urrud lUOlLt: 'ial..mw

I.4c!..c"d Cqt.: alML: ..CL.,!.: o;Wal,'(

~C(lJatL:

C<:~lt

CG"..U WC<:UaltW D.l.:lN CLGW 4L.:fll.'C

'it:'it4 Qt!.lL l4ULLO tr..l neil
N"tl

}ML cq,;a ClNU1. QalC"

ce«;Q tXUu qat" !...c~"o:

l.'C~"O

';UUGalO l';~4lU

t~UaltU 4UUGalO l4~4lU

lCo; L:L.:L~O 4UOllt t'J..tl. fllN.1

l.;tL C'; UUlLO ';Ualle Cl.tl. alN,l ,Cl4U

"cM1u tC'llJalCL:

let UOUalCU N,tU OU~';U ,lUL OOlf-NU

O[

".1'4L l.!C'.("Cl 4t1.. t{dLO

L:aau. t4N .un,:

,,4t'iL wC'.( ..n ~L adu:t

L.:~"Q-

!.:Cl"O

NC u4tJll.! l.l'UIJ.L !.lei,,!..!..!

'it':

l.!C'.(au.

L'iN .un..

wct.: u.ru

NO Ur.44~ UUll,L UChl.W 4t4 "uamCll

"UGaCll

t.:qaLL

LUC'~al'i - C!f."t ~C!"O W..l1i:N

al ww[.,

.(till.t.:C!m4 ell.!: Clti.l L.!t'hO W"l1i:N

IN,l ,Cl';U ';~';lU ~ll.

LX,,! "CL.,L: .,.(t4llJ zu,
LCalC'.(rf.U L;..N aeiQdlJ

lCillqrltu fllO W..N (Goau

l~l';U ~l. OJl~ Olr.NU
Ls:~;.L NIJW 'iJ..tiu

al

LflL4L.: .(tl.. ClaLCl C!L::;Ni.:

c, L;C'lUflltW W"N aUGalQIJ

NL Wctum::w QUGf.'lQU
';UO OL.

L"lUllLt c, C4 WL.t:l..,Cl ail.!lN C'l4CH. 4:-ttLal x"l

cal fll.al. t:Nl..Cl Nt:l..cr··

W!..t:W

"LIJ~

NL tOr.l~

ClQtLL: NUl.l(
LI.!I.NQdt': L.tL.L eNS':W Lt,,\"Xl..! Ltl..UU Lt:l,,~

NUU U4l,lU or.elU

•"l4c! ,,1 4"oL INUuor.w J4U III U~lLU
l,al 4L ';l.~u: C.; UOr.llU ul

CN4lWLN \ZJ..CL tiC'lL LQ4C!J..L ~Qtl.!"l;'L

ccu,

LWQUG4'i 1i:l."L fll"L.,Nl.! (.XQL
L" .r.1L,d'~4

I., /HL.N

OL;;

ut.n,

Gl.,,,U

[9

571

[7
k{ilY',

(it',l '~P) IQi'j1V1i ;"')U7 -mr

o:mnn 71\ ;:lrJ:JV ",n
~u;, plJ 01;'1' 1m':; ;'1jjl.'V liV7 Down .,!)
7:)Q "jln 7Xl ;"I:n;, ;:r:rm 7l'\' "'10l'\'\
(1' ,tllO) ',ny l'\7:l Ji11'Jn i107
~'",n 7" 1"" X70'"J ""7 m 7Yl

"pnn 7N lbb ;,b'l:Jb:ll

- 00 ,r't:p) 'Oblt'n

,in'

1m' o:mnn'N'

i!:lU r.'.l:l ali;" 'm':> nOblV

11777 I,!)

7:;'0 'j''ln 7l\j 11::1;"1 ;.rVin ?X' ; 'b11'\'1 20

(T',OVl'jny l\7J r11i'.m jib?
'OillJ1 7X lbiJ N:,!:m~:t' ;ii1'Jl'\ in

7Y'1

7{l'{1I')l' l'

m'),m 'ilpnn,l\ lbb iiOi:JbJ1

- 11'7)7

in;:) nx,i'Jo'1 i1J1C'N'1,'1 ,"~::lOil W;,

1'71' 'n'~~'

1\' ,~'

'11nJl\

l\"

mtJY l\t1' : nn

'F1J inN
.',~ [J'n~ X,]" om~ 7~J'

l"X 1'''""' """ ""'"'" "X, T'~ "X'~ 25
.1rn'D~J!:l - 1mp'

'::17 '1~'

111\ ,::l '::1

.,1iwn ;"I'011p;n ;'1::l1::t,' j'JY

l:l'.:n1:JN';' D'1'Oi'l;' P

7)71

80"Jl'C{'I\,;'1 O'1'tm;'1 1';'1

il~:IlO 01pD 1Y O:n::1l011t,) tl'7yO

IIN7niJ C1pjJ;j 1Y On:lItJnb 1'7;."0 1')'1

tPiJi;"l1 n11'S"bil

:1p::n;, :1:n:mol'11

r,':m~

pm

C'i::l,rn
l1P~::lil1

;-11:)1;';' 111101

O'!:1011"1iJl O':Ji::l.n"" 0'1:11;' 1'il

nll~O;'1 O~i~~l'n 1';"

il:ltin1:l;'11

tl'::ltl1nnl

l:l'::li:lm~ Q'1::1n

pO::!'

i'ii':::n"

l"X1
i1;)~1:lill

jlJllmbjl ':J

x, "'1V'x ;;1:\0;''11

ttlJ;;) Xl;' 311 1';"1'1.1:: ;'l:l'vno;'i v'Ji0;"!

p"

l'~K ntilOtlnbi O~O n::P1J 11m!);, tl1l\~

C:l1N::l

l"Xl
i'1:J"'1:l;n 1'Pbi1 1\':"1

30

ii'~jilJll1m~1

:'lJttnb;, nO~tHm t:P7Jrn'17~'

i1Jvno;, nO'!Hm 1:P7:JP1"101

17'1{ tltlt'!l110'l 0'0 n:J""l::l ilr1H)jJ

rm

P 'Yl

11pni!I\'il ilP'::l1;'

J,::lOnn;, ~~

PO!)' 1\7 1t'1'\ Y1J1':lill

:1lOp I'm ;;1 11,";'J ilJVil1':l;'1 p~J'1':li11J'1 35

1J"

9il'~J)iO

ili::::J "'1111;'1

pi :11'J,n CFVp;'1:111 '11nj;"

~:ll\Dl~J 'ili'J)i1':l ;'Vji ;"Il~.JY '11i11;" ;'ONI

.;,,\u0i11b ttJ1D
,;:t!'i Nlj1

91\ ~1,)£i'.:l

itl ,i 117;']1' 1'::11 l{1'O

Pi'J

:"m':::i1

{}.;"y

p

1,t.'rpj1 ,N")i l' ;1rm::l C'X:ll1':l;"l 1\1'0 ]:I ''1:11

.;::r<7

7

,C1" :n:n ,

,CIV ;'tJ'OVJIV c;"r::m, OJ, i.:m:rv 'iJ r"5Jnm nns: i1YV rmv WI tl'J1Vl\1il 0'1'01'1' :::1")1' , m:::li::J "JJ.
inl<:n 'Jl ,nn}: ;j)lV Fn'Oi l'1nm n1'11\ i1)1'V 1"'5l11ti'l nine i1).1'1V 1'il1V Pi1 tl".:ilVN:1;-; 0'1'01'1' :J")I'

J,

9

t:l'Jl:::iJ :11TO 0), i1ilVii ,'ii1J;itl o't-'p :11J)7 ~11:1'1ii' 1mm7 mon",liiii1 Y1J ;iJVribil np:n:l 11:Jl0?

9

1'1\1 ,n~JYI1

mon, 1111"l\i1 Vi'"!)

ii1;;'OJ:JJ. ::r5llU rn Vl1'::ll:ll":b >;p .' ••• ;"'DI1J. 01'J my V YVI1 ]';'It-'V
.'C'J1Vl{1 0'1'on' nm.)::! Vln'Vil OYb7 m:r'1J ',:JJJ ;;0i'i11~ tl':rOln 7'0 11"V1.)n ;"IV11 C1'O

,1'1 plD ,)."n ,C"'::J:Jli17

8]

572

llJX:ii miWO'l :1V'j~

jPj1 ~N'iY

P ii1jX :1T 7))'1

,~m;p:lO

lON;', Vi'" :l1!i'l' :'1'n 'NiSI'

rio;,'r.;

:1:.l"P;; Ii 17SXX:L
?t:l'i'.1'l:I 01'i1 ,l~ : ~"T;;

P' lO'ibX

iii

7Y-

1n;:l';"O I1Dj'J,n

,;';:1'p;;

p '7 1tlX

'ttil\i1i ilJiWi ~1Zii' ;'lIN1V T'Y ~T1Yb1.V :17 i?~N

J,

i'~N N::l

?I:tI';:l1'7;) 01' ;'/j : 'Nt;; f:::l il:N

itlN'J1i ilJ1iV1 :llV1~ ;,nhitJ T'Y ~mn.i1ti :1' 'I.':N" 40

Tm.::'::m I1D:17'd

.m,' ;'::I::J'lrl ~'in:l }tl;lV
lVl'\7 17ttn:)

,lim -'::'1 X7;'1 :"

,lZ7N:' ,:'Vb) ;'i"n ~i:I1

ibN

I~" tiN) tvNJ '1:11:1:1 ,,7j1! :ibNJ'V

1'1''1' t'l'i:Jim ,iJilVi ::lVi' ',ll{

"

ibN

l't?m

,~ni7.iK

:1"71r.:X

/W'ltJ '1:11 ;'i::J 1'\7:1' : i7.il'\Jtr7
tJ~1i" CP':l1;'1i ;'iJiit" ::lTV" 'JX :i' ibN'
."J~' o~nbtt7i

1);)7 rnbC''l

:lI:'!:iJi'i ;'r;'i 1m;, Pil 45

i'lJi101 :lVi' ;"il1ZJ

;'i::IiW'1 :Itt'1' l'\ii1

'J!ji'j

~.:J

;'7yt7 n.::Hvmm v'Jib1

;'i7sm:' i1:l1VI'17.i;-- v~:li7j i1'111

o'p'pn I'll

D'l'i:'U:l C'i:'.!1r; i:l'J c~i"pn pm

O'Nii:ln J:P"t::l·jj1 1::1':.'1

iI'it'l:l pOW :1':1\17 l{';':1 iI)l':n
;"l:J:tVMr.:"

mp~J',j,

50

Xl;';' Tl1'~3:l{;'1111"lb

X'i111 Tl17'lNi11iTitli
N:';';' j1:lll'l'1bil mf.':l11

l:J':J.inbl t:l"::JC111b 0":1;' Pil

t'l'~'::nbl t'l'!:lmn~ tl~i:l1n

'7 l:P':Li P;"l ,inr.;tz7:1 1it1bi

i"lI: 0'7).1 ":1 :ini.iV:11,nr.:,

ilN'l:lJ;"l rIJ'",r.;;'l f'P;' :-Ii l'JY:Ji
v'Jib1 1:17 }"1JJ':ii" 'll:lm~ l'\':lJ,' ;'i';'V

;'i~l:lJiI

P':l11.1i

n:t:n.ii1 ;";'

;,:'Y1.17

':;);Ji

m';"l? j'n;.nn

1'Tl)l''O

TJ'

55

':17 l":Jl;l, 11'JIil;l N~:'lJ;-r ;";'V

;'7yn7 m:ronn

;on" ;)"'1 i1~'~ N":::J.:I,"i i"l'j! j'lN'l:J.,):1 rnp'::"

i'i1

i1~

)til"

ii!:i1~ :1~:1

U':llV1il.i

X''Jjii mp''J'

~D::Ji

1"-Fl'
'l'1p:l.irl ,:1.,' 'p::lin ':11' i:"lii

OnY'1'J On7Yb:ltl'i'1,n O'1'1'::n;, rrn

OJiii'::n::n

01iiP~::i::i

0'IJ1;' tP'blN: 1';'1

,~n~b OnlN tl":lin~

tJnV',':l OTl7ji'l;l::J. Cl'i'"n O'~':::lJi1 rrn

em "'N':J

tl"::l1r: tPii'Y1N' 1":'11 60

'ytJi.; l"Jpn ,:'X::J

0'"1::11., I'FlY :ov nOi:l;'1 .1\11;; I,?V 'Jt!l"1~;; ]1i~::;fi?;; 1'.:l~''11:JiI O"n1!7)j'.t71:J o--'rV::l .' l\"D , I1V,It' :,111t!lil
mnJ1li 'DJ ."JJ:J' C'ni.:JC'i O~'T'I' Cl'i:Jiill! :?N'11;i

'j

VTn:lp;;::n ,::lri1JN'l;) " i?'N:l ;"J'01:J lTU'm: t:l'nr.:v
.li ,jt:nm:: 'IJln ;\lVl7;) <'{';'1 flT'Tl,j ,1Vlj,iJ

10

573

[9

N"Y"
i1:J.j~ t:l~1''J11t\ t:li'l'7'N:::l1
i1:lnJ

tPm~t.'li1

0').':;'

lliMi:l 7Y::l t:ll11X O'iDiX 1';'11
U':::ltN

.1\7 'n"1?jX1 .rm
J

" I,,) "m~~3r::l ii~Y nl;;1:1 ''lJN.:J ':2,:1 fJ':'l1

'XiV' l"'1N N.'111O OY7:l :'1"'" )1ljJ

l1Y" ':1~i

,!;tp, ilinmr.n

W"PjI mi '1:11 ON ':J

':'1"

,,:J'

,x,v' nx

"p, aY'J nl1Nn

(~

,,11 ny,' ,::l::l, 65

jJ':'1I\'1

1)1'07:11 P!i::l CP;l1DJ:1

1:1" imVN 1niN ::1'11'"
,1'ON. 'NiW' 'N':lJ

p1

it,)':J:l "),0' ':11N: X711Ji:::liN X, 'nijjl{'l

70

'tn 'Jli'O~Y:l 1';;;; niY1:J. 'ON:l ';:)7J ;'"1'.11

"",

a~"J' "J

,n'1 ;,n l'x 1'" ,",J J1n',J,,::l nm, 1V~J1X'Vn,~ p,y
••• n,:l:1:l '~NJ

l"~' X,llJ tPi!)O

ay~

"v', V""

in '11" ion
In'J ,,~ '::l nDXJ Y'1N

t:linm O1no lib1 mi tli1:l 'C", 75

P10:J TJ'Y.:J j,Xint7::l1

N? m,~m

n,'mN:11n:J.lt-'n~J

t,'O,'

,T:;) 1T

j'l'j'J"

r'1:liin'

",'I

od? TIn' 7::n11
a'"'OJ O"J, O~ '::l ,',vnl )'On IN
0;.10

1131'01 niJli'J

rJY' P

:l'imN tim 80

01~'t:m 1/j :11l7 J1'm ;"1m 717 J1'on' ;,,',J m1l7 ~';' 7~'1'l7 '11 ~11l7 " 'In:J 11 ~117"
7~ 7'J11j;' ,11~/j m;mJ1 '1~1/j :1JJ:1 1":1n n~lIl'1n W:1

;"11m '~1~

p,

m:m:1 1":111 '117 111J1117;' l11"1n:1

,p 717 in'

.('t?~Dap~;,) 'l7~mJ;'

P rnnrern

'117 'W!P O"p ,;"1m;'

l7'm7 1nit?/j1 rmm m7/j 1~ ;,,'~m m,~ m::ll:1 '1::l 1m 111;""::l i'J1 'J1P/j;' :;'~'i(/J
It;,' ;,nl7/j ,111J1 J1~ ;'/j'I17J/j11:J1n::l ;"111' 11'1p;' rm It;,n IN ,:1~lJ1 'X"l7 1J1l7 ,,, J37.17
.;'11'''' '1':1 ',:;:1 X?X lJ'Xi ,n':Jii 1:1 '1L,m,t)'

ii,,,mj ~n:n 1'1:11

IOJ

574

n~t!o~til

i'l',mil

m"i'Ji'I "~~'>' ;'WY"1i

(t\) :i17l-t;"l

ll-t::i '~111b;' 'n~"n;, O,~.,;,

n.rn::l

111'Ol 0)7 ~~,:; ll'l\tV PI ;'X1Jl;; '1J1:; ,tV1J'O (J) ;O'nll~ml O'J,tV ')7J O'tVl':;1.lC
:;p'm ll'XtV (1) ;'1:1l-'lO pn~' " ,tV 1tVi11.l-1l'J1.l o',cm:; O"OX1.lll 0'lJ1.l1 111'OO1.l
.tV1p:; rm '1X'llC 0'1.l:;'11.l'1''1111.l1P1.l')7 )1'1:; :;pnll' 1C':;1.lJ .1l'11;;':; ll'~l~;; :;P'OO'1.l'
ll'l11 :;'11n,tV '1X'1l1l'l~' .1111.l"P1.l111'l1'1'11l1.l111')7:; :;1.lC l"~1.l1'K 11111plJ 11'1;;
12, 'OX1.l'll~-'OO'll X'K

,111:;'X:;')7 :;)7~'II;;' 111C1.l ,'ll1'0 ,'l'lW1l1lJ'X ;;'~1X:V ll'OO'1.l

hJl1)m:; l11")7~ ':;11 ,1nx 1~1.l ,11)71 .01X;; llllJ!1J ,;;'X;; rrrrt h'lm, ]11C1.l
mi':;).1i11i"m'lV
'£'n~ tJ~

,mnm7

1

inl\ 1~ :l~Y'1~;' l\1;' n'i"::mfi i1J:17~ i .rni"':jOii n7:li'

p7j-,mb, /;'J::J;,i;, 'El1X' 0),

.1111":,')0:1 ;''In''Xit':i ~tti,~

,to

"m,:;

1110'1:111:1

n''"T'';'1 - ;';Wilil 7Y;1) rrrurn

O'nJl1.l 'l'll 1XJ 'lK'llJ O'O'lJ 'l'll 1~ll .;;,tVC:; ',JC ;;"~llJl 1111~1.lJ O"ltVp ,:;ltV:;:;
O'.::.1n:l ':11i'~ iI"iiC' ;l.10il ib

iliv:m

O"l!1J)70',nx 0"11.l'110'nJl1.l0l

- P

,itt 1":111

13• 'K1Jl;;

C'J"'Ell\1,J:"l

/m1'1:l.l1il ',

'iI,;jiii '

,0"'1":9

lln;; 11.l Cl"J1P1.l;; ')701l)7~'II;; 1)7'~!1J:;'II0"~1~

')7 ,ll' .:;C',J:; '10'11 ';;p'pn' nl17.l;; "tVO, ,lO ;111'~1~ l11,1l10l/ )7l1.l ')7 110"

;;')701XC 111.l';; '1l'11n;; 01~1:; 'ltV p1pl11.l n1ll'l- ,nK lX m nJl1.l ''II1'1C1K ll'K'II' '0)71.l
.'K1Jl

01~1J

'J111.l 'c

lJl1.lJ p' K' ::;'l~J l11)71.l!1J1.lJ :;1V,,;; )70pJ 1V1.l1V1.l 'O',J,' nll1.l;; ':J ,J' O'1Vl :;,'nl1
14, 'l:1l-'lO

pn:!' " ,~X 1m'OJl 0"J1PO:; 'llIVK' ,~X rrm nllll pK Kl;;1V /l11"~O' 'IV

'0"J1' nJl1.l:; 'IV l1"P')7:; 111)701V1.l:; ':J ,;;K'l :;1V)71.l' .0"1VllX '0"lJ1' '1V ]Jl0J 'lX K'K
'1)J :;1)70pJ 'K1l1Il;; l':;O:; ".l1"'~O' Ol1110n"m tV' l1l111.lJ p11 /0"lJ1' K':; :;1 )70pJ
1'1mOi.JJ "nn"l110":i'l 7Nii Jj""l\"1 mpp1T1C';"J - ;"I-';'V ,"7DJ ,';'1"1\1' :'I1;jN:b::l. liTVilJ ':11\ 'm';"l]i1i?'V'
in\ii ;1"1\1 mpp1111lm ,0'1D =i";i7j Ty,-r?, l!'j)l' ,liP)::! '!'j 1"Y' ,(1"Jt:m) D ,mD'lCN ,'m,i';' '1m";'i
C'D::l;"l-

:i7:Ji' ,n"l\

:;'1'1VTl ,n'11;"., ;"\i"OO"1J::l

m""n'l{

12

Jw"m n~tI~m'U!:l nmn;) 7tu O~Jlt' O'Ci;)~tl7
.249-234 ' t-;; ,Cl'Wln

"in '~l'i .OW., m;:;m:l 'lVP;"I 'J"1:l';"I nJiD /\';-;

"tim

'~l'i lY1mn /\1Po:l li;; 1110''0 ,'.,1::li;'1' nJ1b"

13

In;;;)10 ,IlN.T cy .lDi1~n:i OlD" 11"";'"\71 TlJWJ:l m1n? m'l'n"'l::l]1YtliI iVpi1::l,::l::ly''!J1b K\:1 :"1m O"::l1Pbii
]W1Y1.jVbii D01Y mi'l{ "'l\V ;'l'YD ,C"!::ll7I Q'V,,'O " ~N'O ,'lili',:lni' mln;, CY' l~::l 'I
1::lT' ,em'!) 'N :;'1l{1 ,n"5m ;'1YDCm
71N I1'DD"bii ;''Pl,nj1

n:p'::l m"':JJ1,j'

",'N: 'b

"V

rn

itvp;-;:l

iVj7;'i:l ,';"Ii::li;" n:m~::l '"1m' Cl'P Wlb"C'7 ;"llyu ,y .n m.libtl;"l

:f'1N:i ,'ml',:ln;"')1 .293-280 'bY (:l"'Oli) i ,JiOJ:l" ,')":lV, 'D"!:lJ CV;'l

,'''Jil i{n'tlD'7J;'7 ,"lin;'7 ,7'~l{

:I?;1'1

42-32

'DY ,n"bvn O"V1" ,i'i'DY7l:lN

T1"":lm' ,7"J;"1 ,184-111 'bY ,1990 O~"'iJ'" ,Ti"l'i,::lJ ;'l,:lpJ C~PiO

:l,m

Clili::lN

,'.,~U?:", n~NiJJii ii'::lp::l

O"Vli' "pnbl l\ ,;'1lV Q~J'I1j'V " m:70:l orD :ilJ'TV7 '.:li~il i!lO ,';'i'7i:i':il rn{1.:lJ:1 "'.:lp:!:J Ti:::J',::l
;l,1':H" ,:m n~11i;'i ,1"111:1 ,V 11N'b C7V ',1\'n ;j,ytJ OJi'!) i:l:J .44-41 '1::Y ,([nllbvnJ T /?l\iV' Tl:J.TVntl:1
1J'''~n U'Nl rn mlbJ OP1) 1J~l'\V 1\'1\ ,'11''!)'I:::-;'' lilii
O':::l'::liO C;'i ;":::I';:;i1',) 7J'V '111' 7\U ;"11'\'1 L17;n:n
11ii'VJ r11liOi.i'TVr111J),);; - 110';'11 '1011 ,1"7 I, 71:\ ;'1'I!7.:l ,11pl1i7.:l1 1'\l{O [I!l'j?b "i:J1vn ;;11:1;7 J:i1mb:l

'v

nU:l1i.i O':J"'l1:::l

;jrj'j~'

rr-m Tli'iln,TV 101'v

11:1:1.;'1' rI:Ii mJ'TVIi 1T ;"Il1:1Y' .1"bIVn 11' ",,':1:\

px,v

.neen '~D 7N: ;-;?::li'li 11"'''' li7.:l'IP" 1I~1i'm '1'!)C,:lV rm '711),?3K
.283 11.j)l ,15 ;'11:7;"1,":7') :'Uii'U ;-;':::1'11 ,Cl'TV ;;nltvrl
l~C 7Y pi n'1V!l~ ,T1':r"i'X')i;1 ;'1'::1'ii T1l\ ),!"?J;1 'Ol\7P ;ltIpJ m YDp 'TV m"ln '::I ,in';, ]'::I ,rlb'\l
'T~' r,ii~!)D,1 ill{ 011J;;"i 1'Jl7J ',J'::l::l :1:1': 1'JWD07 On"n7.:lNi;11"l\J CV '0"::1' nJiiJ71 'TV :::lOp' V,"!)
'i1:JVi;);" mmii 1iX'J
mJiJ110iiilOJ. .7'7Y:::l 1i.)1::l.) ;;.:1'/\ !D'1:l1!mmti
IT m:;, .'1::11 m:Ji::m7.J mi'SJD;'j

')7

,'V

14
15

'11::11:1 C'nnN'

575

[11

~';'I1 i1n'~;, 1~ l11P;i;'l 11'11n 'p11J ~';' l11;"~J 1~:l11J ,~ 01~;'I 111m 'J ,;'O'~11;'1 ')1
tl'j,li1:J ItlJi11 snTlllX ;"l;l.lViI ?it? n::icnn1 ;,""ni1 rn:mil1;, - ilp7J::l111p:;n;, llrl7J -1i,tv!lX~

9PlV1.l 1l'~ O'~;' 'J ;'O'~11' 111'1')1 ;'1.lJ jJlV' ,'In'~J1 OJ~J11~J 0"J1P1.l;'l 'l1lV~;

,l/I

111;'1'~J O'1.l"plV 1~J1.l ;(j'01,n, ;'I"~ '~1'~l~ ll'~) 11';"~;'I1111J1;'11~ o'm1.l1 ~'1;)1~1~J
;'~lV;'I;'IIl~ ;lV~~1.l;' ',J l' P'1.llV' 0"1lV)I 1'0 01J' 0;' 1lV~1 01~J 111"Jp7J 0;" r~lV 0'1;:;
m'~o ill ;')1'11;) 111;"~J 11'~'11.l1~1'11l~;' 1111.l1' ;"Jp;,;, .('00~~1.l'0;' ]1'P)l;' '~-')I)

17 .(j"J1.l,;' 'lV'~1.l ~1nJ) 0J'J m'~o 1)11~ 16('1;'J-'~0 pn:l' " ~1nJ) :l7JJn ,nJlVn1.l
11"17J'1;' ;"1~;':1 'lV :1JJ111J l~J 0'P01)1ll~ r~ plV ,1ll"J)I' 11"P')I :1l'~ 11 :1'J~:1

'111 :1)1~1l1J1 '1P1;);' ,~ rrnn 'lV :1)1~1m O:l)lJ ~,~ ,11'00'7J;' ;"11nJ

"1J~':1 'lV 11'~lV11.lm

11'Pll 'lV '11;)'1;' 11.l :1'1l1 01~;' j'J' 111;"N:1 ]'J 11'O'OJ:1 :1,JP:1:1 .:111D01 '1J~;'I 11":ln
i1iTrtji

n,,;,' 11~ lV""1il7 X:l i1T 11'i'Y. .0'.11 n~ 1:liV ytli';"l n'tO~':1 ~:J'7J;' /o':n7trm O'7:Ji1'

'111'J :1J1"lI:1 N:l11.l:1-11i1pJ O~ N':1lV ,111:1'NJ 1TI"11:1 :1"JP1.l :1"N m1pJ' ill OiN:1'lV
'lV 0110'~I1J 'lJ11.l ]1'PY ~1:1 :11 J1'P)l .'m'1:1':1 11'1J' 'lV :1111.l:l1)1 11N O~ o,m ,1'lV

11'~101;)11'lV1J~:1 :1JlVn1.l:1

18::11''''

11771n1J:1 :1"')I:111N 0');:1' NJ X1m0"J1P1.l:1 'J1lVX,

lln'I1~' l1'lV1.ll11'~"lI:1I!7~~1;):1-11i1Pl .11':1'X:1 :1JlV;'1;):1 ~':1lV ,:111"JP1;)'1l1111'lIm,

omu i"::11"

.O'tJilTiT O'7;J::J

:-rY':JJin mr'!)i!'iI O'X':J iiJI'ji;jit! ti1::i'i:l

N7N ,1111'~0:1'lV :11.l'J p' I1lV:11111;) :1l'N )l1J1.l:111.l :1l1'Jl:1lV 1J7 0'l1.l1 '~01.l O'1.l"p
;'i:J'i:1i11 'It'7Jil X";' i1i"::l'1i1

i1:rron7J;" :O'7ttJ

l1btl l1rvXiil mi;' .J'1''V1JXil iib':! OJ,

ptO /1i"!lOO :iJ'N1 tJOp07 rntrnp I11t1J;'i 7:9' noo:mo i1'),'"11N'n 7;1 0"':;11.:1;:) ';"1:;1":::' 1N
m01nn V"I1tJ iN rni'!107 mon"no ji:Ji::l;"'liN <1::n71~Ti;"\tll::i' OOPl::lJ. Jli1;; 7::i 1'1\11 m~,o n'7N1t:10poim'N
.von '7vO'OJ iI'7 rWli 'pnoJ mmn1 l11riJilj"] nnN jj '1il .111;J'7Nii cm1l:l

ilP'1:J

,f"lV jjp:I1l'i:J'iYJ n1ft'l'" ,D)l\Jl,n::1 ",:11';; ,Cn7lj '; :1111::1 :"m~')D pnl~ ", il":I' 1PO v",n' :j!l\i

l' v'

P'"

.n!:lOJ::1 ,18-j'0;; ,qml~

'I'

'''OP

;'11171'1\;' n:l'1;l'IJ' '0')1)1\,1 inO:J 711\1 ,1'V1!:ltJ ;l.lM::ll'1l{'::JIIO N'TiV ~!:l:) 1"::101;'J'lV'; ,m,J:t.1T'l7

1Ti~ii'Yi::l m1::ilJil 7:;1 -n-m p:;:1 l)OU jl7Y1J7 If'7) 'J ~P;'i;; P rin Nl;''V J'l')'ntm 'fvY l':l;; J'l't7'7v;'1 .:;
Ul\ 1'/\

16

:1';") l",wn C''7V11~

P' 1·mm7 mv, 1'x Oi1::lt:J nlJ1Vl\1J P 1'l\V ,,/j nlJ,Jl:1n1,1 C,1,JV 1'=':1" cnv y::lV:l 0/\

17

ny"

'J cn~

Nij1V ;:n, CPit:J11 UN ?,IN ,C;:,J jJiJT10' mV1 ;'1';"l'lZl !'jp·.. m ]/J crl\ 'i;lV ,O·ir.nm iiJi C1C'J cm/\ CP'::J1T

/\7 1VN C'VDni11YV 1\1;'1 .T1'v1;1v;'l ~::l mn' lJ::li

... 1J)j/J I'm K1:1V ;"10' 1;1'::lt..'1J7 mi J1 ;;7>-"o'n)"n1;1, p,Jj,

P1:tnFl1;1 ,1;1 1'X 1111:;'0,,1;1, nn1;1n u:i Ot'll m01J Xi)J C1NV 1nrm 'J Nl;'l'11\1;'1
7\:7 t::d7':i DlDi) ;":l'Zlii C'1;1V'i' ,N"y

x:;,p ,),' p1P

10 nnKj,1

,;;V07 0), ::11U

,n1:i7Ki T1:;iyn ;'17 ", rn:m' m71YJ N7XlJOiJ i'l7yn7

.(Fi:m;mJ nl'1;"11j

.pipn ~'Vl1j, ,1?J3Y "71)-'),0 pm:' 'i'tV 10'ZlO milOOJ l::lJ )1'!:l11J m in?,y
,;"111n;"'l 'V"'l!Jl,J i:;'1l\ :1'n::J, :i'lilO r:Hb C"01EJiJ onr1J ,j":l?Jl;"] tlli'!; 7>-' '1WJ ,:::l"'Y1V px ::'il'ii J11JJ.,i';'l

l"J>, 7>'
;;-]l'{1

n',1");

mlon

li ;'I'),lO'Y ;r'Jtnj1 Vli'E:! 7Y i'r~'J ,J·"';l'.:7 pM :i7:ii7J l\C'11 Ji1l1i1tl cn,''$ omi ,1"7C'J'1 Ct'7V11'

'J'Vn l::1::l J, CV "'7X milO?J 7l\ ;,p"r1;1 .{241-240 iny ,n"vn J'JN ,n-cr7tl'" ,ii1;1Jp:i n'VXi ,C1l7'.V ';\
tl'"'Y::l nUJ1p:i ,." 11X'J ,11tlOJ

71'71:;t : 159 'n')

,t:n:li:i ~UJ 17;;7 ;il\1

,:i'Vii! :li1yn ,tli'V C1D0'"19V Xii') '1

111''' '::1'.771 11N "!l - tin rru c',:.."

,(11 ;r:y;,

",v

,39 'bY ,'Wiry 'i' 1111J,X;i Vi..,'!))

rnmvn?) nmCI

i1WJ ... iiJ'$lJi 1'.::'1\ Olptlj1

,X

cn 'T:m

:i'il:i7 :i,'JlUj"l

,,7;)..'ll1J:i J1j':JVii 11K ~m - ii71:; !:lV'

,';"I7:::lp::l. ;','::Jnf1,':J ;Jl1lYlmn' :pluii IJ'7::m ''$1'\ iiW1 J11P:::Pii1 nU:J'j?:i l\V1J7 mon"Jij1 :nll1Jil ');
.72-71 'ny ,o'v,n 0'0::1'j"l- ;'i7:Jp ,7"N ;563-561 1i,Jy "" ' ::lp :::l n1J::lipii' i'i::l;n ;5(}--49 'i.J))

18

12]

576

~~;'i ,n'V1J}{i"l 1:-ri'~':1 il:rVm-~i1 X7X ,IW"t\:i ;"i:1C'n~ii ~,

,im,::

.'pOD" t\7 ,ttn-t :Y1:lb:11

il:ltvn~;, iI'llm~ 1'''~'

mp;nii Y~'b ':: ,Ji::liitmn ~\1:m ?;'1b? 1'j?b :il7Kt" .'i'pt1;'1
.1::7 ;i:Ji\V CliX:i,it' ''''':1' O'l:"!i7;j i"ly"::lJ "i'i';j ,111fi7X::l :1rni'~j m:m 19 ,Ji"tvl'H,(1
'NIl' P p'J1/j 11'';Jp;, I1UV1~;' '~-';lI .'NTl' )JJ 0'P01l';' 0"J1;' j/j npmn/j IT mJ;'
,rnp~1;' FJ1J ,p71 ;')1'7l';' ;'JV;'/j'; 0'7'JP/j ,1J7 IN ,1l1l'11l1 ;;'7l'll'; 1I1JVM/j nN

'1J lIn .1J rnplpm lJ7 l1nJ 111/jlV'J)<1 111"~O;' ,,/j17J :O'~'1l;' O"J1;' lJ'J 0'P1PM'
o",7;j pritVb ,r:m? .'yr'N 0"'''.'1 ,';-; i1i11~V:i 1mb' b":J,:mi.:n lJ"!Dmnb O"i:liii rrr rnp:pil

0"'1":117,) nb't~1i'j mp::p 7C" :I:m::t tJ1Ji::l O?'Pi1;'i tri::l,n :'tl"i:Jj' ",tl":lil'V n'YbC'b-'i'
N7N r7N 1117)l1lJ l11"~O;'V ;')11J;' l'N .m7)m;, J7V .rn ;"plJJ ,Xl;'V ;'l"Jl;' J7V7

'7j~Y mlb 1111N1Zi Nln ;'iP?J x, 0"1\1

""'l'/; O"':d"liJ7j 0;'1 ,;-ri111;' "lV,j"n ,O"'1J'F1 ,O'i::liiltv

.1117m;'J :;'7)11)l'J ,1J1;' ml'!lV/j ';'1T pv ,m;'7X;' '1X'1171 '1J1;' '1N'117 V/jVlJ
n~"n :"~ny

p " n"::lj?ii

17'Xl ,m7J';,m ;'JJ,lJ;'

:ito,,::! O"JllZiliii O"'OO":1il 1mb :17 o"v, lV' :1T i\Vi'i'!:l

nree 7V ;'Jl'J llJ:J ,VX;' 110' 1,1 11)/:J1/j 'X1)/)J 711' m7m;,;,

.O'/j;' 110' 1,1 m7m;,;, l1l'JllJ - llJ~)/ ;'1 ,1;)'0 I1V,11;' -11'7Jp;, ;'1I"1J
I'm' ,'O"1:J1' 7V )I/jV1J:J 'O"J1' nJl/jJ 11XlJ '1iJ vm'v ;'VlI) ;'V'1;' 7V :11 J7VJ
OJ~lJ J'J7 "~111J;' 7V lJ11J )'J ;'7Jp;,;, .' "0" J 1;''' O'V/j O:1X 17'X:J "0'1J 1 ";, O',/jlN
n:nV~i1 ;"11

p1' :X":J:lil

P

0'1'on;'1 'XTlI

,X 0:\ .non"mJ ;'i1nJ Viii;' ~xry

l'J7 X'Jl;' P

i::l'

O~J'iVXi;' o~"ron;,

7iV

'111;,!/j 71Jn 1'XV ,J1\\' i1Jl11J 1Jl'/j;' 117l,1/j .';'X1Jl;'

;'7'~m p J1 Pn1/j l'XV 1XJm "~111l7 OJ.1 O'VlJVlJ ,il/jX~ ,O'l1inN;' ;'7X .O'l1I1'X';'

mlJX1 171~ )/tJp;, 7~J J1)11~;'1 nll7Jl/j;' ;','/jX;' .;'N1J);'! J111J P7 ;"1m Vl1'" P7
11))0 1J'1~7 .;,mJV iJ1 ,71J'JJ ,n~Vln x';' l'xv I1l'J ,0'X'J)7 1110n"I1;';''iJ1J '17)J
.p1pl1/j ;'1VO;'
lnJVnlJ )I~VlJ l'J1l1 1l1'1
l"JPl,1 17X:i

'7V J11JJ

11m

1'7;,n 7V 1WVJ ;'1111<1)V rrrrt ;"11" nllJ;'7 p!J1XlJ

X11' i1J1;' ,l11P~1 71/1 J11JJ Xl;'! 9X nl11~ ~'Jln

1;"1,1 ,l1';'7X;' ;'Jvn/jJ ;'P~1

;,mnx;,

IT\? 111'0 lX ;n'VllN;'

1';'1 1'~J 0'iJ1n 0'1I'l,1 01X ;";' "x01 2o'1~Jl ' l1:>'-'117J tJ)//jO Xl;' ;'1 '1J1 pv :7)11J/j
1l1'II'X1V 7)lIlJ 0'7V/j lIJ11;'1 ;'71l1;' 11J1;"J ,n'l;''; 01i')l v'

21 .'1mJ

7l'J Ol11X o',mx

Oil< 7tl im::l ~li11::l7 ,Oil\;'i

.:t";) iD 0l'\D' ;'inJ'O 'i:)ii'"
nn oml'{

nv::n,w

P iD::l0"'"'1:1i ;'ilV;l/J "7::l NijiiV mJ 'J n;n, l' IV'I' :np;,:niJ n!lOIJ ;'i1J:tli
,m1)N:;'i W'll"D ,WHY" ;)m:wt'1i,j no'!:mi.J 7';i!\;'71 TVO,1711l)l'1" 1m,:;, 'D7
.m:;;; 011\,1 7izn - 7X0 - 'X1,1' 7\;7 l'{',' IN:J'1,i::n:mi,i

rO:l C'l\':lJ;"I itJi 'J' :'i';;1 ;'1iTi' 'i r'y ,:i"'1i:l~'V

":1,, "D::l 1':11 1':t Tl.1rmb

19

20

, li,j'O ,'vnn ii.Jl\J: ,.in::lTl iDOl 'j''':l1Jj !"I1'n:l:! iJ1 X':I.17 j'ln 'il71\il 1'.1;),1 10 lW:lb Oil'1J1 7J:J Z,'1p:i

.{l02 :ilY,; 1" ,1VI.Jfi:i 0;' r'Y ;[p:J'J1 pN: l:J1:nn:i}
7;;' ,'Nblt.'-p in :,i11V;'i ,'Oii't 1'-1\:' 'J)7

b)'!:) ;'i):)7IV' '::::1';'1.,00,'),"01'tV' ;'1l'n::u;,,; rmro '01/j'ID 110"

)i'1,1 1111'f.jJ :iN1 ; 146-127 '1.JS7 ,([n".';l'Vnjt ,7Nitti' ilJiV1i1JJ 0"'01" "pnbl N" ,;out:.' Cl'J17:i'V l' I1N7i:JJ
;'i';'i N,;"I' :,n1N: Ni;"l ClV ,:J.n:' lilU 7",'\;10 " lV"'~:J. 'N:t:nrp ,;tr
T1~ .(129 't;;, ,otl) 'i'iJ1 nx )71b'V'7117 71':10;;7 l"'X ;;'i:mn mt' NY1I) i'i'i'i N'1 ,1111/\ m"Pl111,J
rmrn

,ti?ti::ll 1nD::l m"ilJ Oil'{ r.;niJl) tiN"

"i1

:):)'1D;1 ,:J."bU I";; ;1':lD7 N:'lfj ,rniY", nl\,mnl ,1JY l1J1 i'm", '/'i,,'\J'11'111ii\:J,i li'Wn? m'lV':i? 11n rlK1

21

577

"':11:1 O'l1MN:'

[ 13

;"~~I1i1 m'~ 'iV) i11:J1il::111T''llXi\V '1)11) ;-l:I:J;"l T'i111

,1m,:; ,0'1.:11;-n 1in:.mt1'ni::Jjjj :l
l

l<'~ 11 ~71YDI ,J111'D07 J11Jl1Jm 1111 ~X1J~ 'D:l ,(J111l:r.l;'l tl1'i'J n111!Vi';'l ~:llJ~ J117?~ IX

111:1117.);"11 1':Jmil il:l"F' /O':J1:lTlb 0'1:11;' Wl ... i11:Ji:1ill,ni'Jl' :O":9tt1:i nn'11::l? ii?':l'~i1

pr.l-lnX7 ;111:17l<J ~l'nX~1 ~"7l'~ '7:l Xl;'l11J1~ ;'l7'nn .'1~:l~ J117~m;'l11J17 7'J1r.l
.'7:l~ 7!V 07!V~ 1J1J':l nx l<l:'Jr.l ~p'i'n;; J7!V .011l:1 ~l'D!V nx 7':l7J~ '7:ll<1~ l1J1~

m:ll:1 '1:l 1111 ~l<l:1r.l tl1i'r.l7 ~J!Vnr.l~ n~7l'~ ~m11:l ~1T l'l:'i'J ~T1r.l';') ;')J:l;');') ,p C~
1111r.l ,11J'7J) ';')lJl:1;') 1111r.ll' :11Jl '1J 1111 ~J1t'nr.lJ J11i':ll ,lr.l17:l ,O"J1J11 J111l:1j;')
O":Jl:l1ib 1,':m~i1

,'"

O'il:l';'

,im,:,) ,'O'''1:l'';' ";' (i1:l1Z7nb:rv rnp:;n::l i11Z7YJ:1 ,'1:JijJ

7J .,1J1nJ '7!V 1J1J!Vnr.l no'~~r.l 1~ ,~r.ll:l' J11;,)7~~ nJ!Vnr.lr.l ,'r.l17:l - ~:l!Vnr.l;,) no'~~r.l
'1i'r.l;') ~,,, ~p'J1;,) ~J!Vnr.l;,) ':l' :~10 ~77 YJ1J~ l1Pr.lJ w,~ J11;;7~J ;;J!Vnr.l;') ~pJl 11Y

P

n~ ,~'n!V ln~7 .O'J1!V~1;; C'l'on~ 7!V 011~'n rn

22 .'po~'

,i'l''Y7j7 ;,:n:i'iib;' I1ji.:llil :i1'111::ljiY:i1N::li1 i'I'1mii 11l'\1 ;'J:l:1ii

n~

~7 1!V~ Y1Jr.l;;1 ;;:l"J;;1

' ' ' r-Jl Xii;;"

,nn I'Xi)7

'111';; '1~'n:l .0':llJr.l1 C'7Jl ~7l'r.l7r.l O':l,Jnr.l O'lJl;; :1:l1111r.ll ,lJ7J 'O"Jl';; np'pn
I1"X, ,iiJlL.?nbi1

np:::1iil ,;,p"pm 01::>Til ,:l,n n.m::> .nrrnarn ;;"t'\i1

O'J"'!:lXbil o",nn

,;;r.ll:l' m;;7~;; J11:l1Jn;;7 ml 01111 l'0P~ 7JJ 1'~ .lnl1:l 7YJ O'lJl~ m'r.l~l J11l'nl'
C'1P1~,1 ~m~!VJl l'~!VJ ,J11:l1Jn.1J 'J11r.l;; l<7g ;;')n1J p1l'n C!V7 19 g';; rrll'r.l7 ~nY'~!V7

.m,7XJ pJl;; X'Jl;; 'lJl nXl 'Xll' p 7!V pJl;; 111107n ng ,P:ll~ 77~nr.l~ 7!V 1'11Jl nx
nx CJ n771:l~ ,"~1pm J11'~O 7!V 1m' ~J~111!VP7'l"D1X~ C':lll';'! Jll'r.l 07Jn1.l1:l1111J
.77Dnr.l ~1;'! g'Jl ~1~ :O'Dll:;'!-O'1W;'! O'~P'DO'r.l;,! Jln n~
II ;'!l'D1117 mll' C'g11 1J~!V 'D:l
,C'!.);'

"p'

j~~I:.'l:J '(1:1'11

2J .11'D~DOpg;')

px 71X inn ilbl1 :n:im .247

1::l0 ,'oElm )'1)71\ OJ1\ :nm:::J

0}

C"Jr.ll;'!7!V 1J1n

;')'11nJ D71J J'Jlr.l ~1;'! 'lD:l;'! 'lJl;'!

'?:lY ,'"O"i1~ 1:11X" 1nO:::l ;lNtJJ1

Tn?",

,il11\;1

,'V '1:1;17 1U'P :;'1l'i ,;"C:l7tJ]:1/\ ;'111;'1' '~I 7:;N pi SI 'iJY ,1837 .::..i1:J.Di)1n

ii.::J1 /\i,i Cl1l\;'1 nltJ'tJ11l' : i'I7vn

1-1

nOi ,;11"1 il'j/\ Til1.1' mnltJ ,il:J7tJ jJ/\ 0'"0)

P rrm

':n7 ;'1i':;'

:iiI' ;(20 'iJ:Jl 'nil'I1Yti i7 1';" ll\?tJ 11.1' :I";, Nl111 ... rZi!)) l>\iili 1:I'flJ1XIl\1;'il i:JTJill"l:J;'1 11111\0 lJ

?;m:m

'Wi ;"IX11 U'N\t,' ;'Jl\"1i.J::J ii.J3J) ;'lNnV 'I.J::J ;'J'::Jj :"j'JtJitJ!Y nN ,IN11 /ii;'JV 'JDtJ 1JI:m fin inN 1:11 ;-rRl11J'I\C'

rl11i'J O"Pb NV1J;"I7::J .Tl1J"iXJ OC' il;;1 (22'0::;) ' ... lnlOJ l:ljj,lJ pn inx i:ll 17'XJ ;"iKi'11JO).j flli inN
,0'JlV O'OJ'Ti

7i::nm rn::!i17 V'

11"113 ill\i' C1Ki1!J'

1",::;1 ,'0'1;'1' nO'!JT1:; 01",0 '),

:J"y lJ:J ,1"tJi'i'I f"Y1XP I1i11;').j

"v

flii:njjV JiO'!JI1Ji cy l1t>~).j lipl1fl:J),tJ

.nrrc lV1VJ O'N:l112;' 111ilP0j'i

l"IN i'::Ji:i7 :1ivn lN

'pi:l ,01'V 'J :1";,71 .'liJY 111:l1tJ 1')!J' 1121Y 111'11 ,l\i'11Jijl.) 07y..-,., 1Jj::ry TiN 1i::lV'l 1')!J? Jm:,y l1J3Y
,81-69 '1JY ,n~uo'1.J' i1'1lri'l ,7"1\ 't.1 .380-358 'OV ,1"7vn 0'7;:"1"1' "i'71'JOl "7Jj7,i i1.l::l;'1J 110'

'1~10 1'N' 11;'11;1

22

,n"YI mmJ rr-rorn :i:l'Or1?.1:1 O'"lJO'lJX'11P milO' ,;'i"t70'tJ) rI1i'On, ,1tJ";'J:JiN7i:l ;"lpJi :1")1'
0'0:1'", m:m7li nnOil"ni OJ ;,1\11 .257~256 I;);; ,'P0:Jl'Jil ;Cti 121 ,110 'n;,,' 1P'~'::l ,D"lOn O'7Vli~
,;1'1n 'n ;77-66 '1~;; ,n'OO'iJ;"l 'Fl1n'l ,7Tl\ ;83-56 '1:0 ,eti ,m")),', my:nJri ji"Dnl :ll\iJJ 7V O'JllO
M, Idol. 'Perceptions of Kabbalah in the Second Half of the 18th Century', Jewish :tD mW,';r1 ,nippmw';'

23

.l'n:'l 76 'r..:lllrwn::n ,{;,,\7::1pii,it! mO'!Jn ,r!'J'{ :1';"17\ Thought and Ptulesoptiv, 1 (1991). pp. 55"114
nll\)JJ11 l\'Jb NT1 OlO1 ,222-220''l.1;,7 ,(J."blOIil (Jl 1 ,nm!Jo ,"'J'V).j;'l1!JO"
01!J1J

'71:) ]1'1 7V m.::..otJ:J "'7 1N ,F':::lJV Xii;,,' '1

'YJ

rlIT"'J O'J1';;'

,"'.m

";)1 T1/\ 1'1:1 "1Jl "mmm1N 11:111 1'11J1Jtm mY::lln?
_1N::l i11J N1;rv 'El::l':.?1\OOPl\;'1

14]

578

l'X 0'l1 1lX;'J ;'Wi1J ,'l1l71 l11'll7'

24 .;;l"'~J

0"~1Pll;' 'l1W~i'W O;"Jl1:lJ i~:l ;)'1~ll

;'l7nw;,:: U"ll7Wl70P ;,:: l11Xi' 1'~ ~11' ,0'11'Jl;) '17 i1::1;) 'n11111W1l~ m11~ ;'i'bl1 01ll1b
l11l11n;; l1'OO'll ;)'11n ;)l::1.1 iWp;;J 1~:ll7'n11.1 '1n:l;; i1J1;)11'11 ;11P'l1 OW, 111;',11;; 'l7
ili1t'pi'i rTl1il'7l{;'i n:n~T\ J'o;n~l'\ 25.1T

1N

iPW"

iYiV l{'i! i1'7~nT\;"l IT n'''tl~:l .n~X1JJ

li1p;n,

,1i~:l~tn<tl"'~;'1 rurorm ypi:liri'St) ~"ii ;'rm.li::lTli117 i1Jii:l:i::l Tlit.mton ,Tn''':;Oii Tlil1i:l
1
26.1:itli';' I")il~"n' ::l"'jl'j')7 V'JIi1 ? 'j:J 11:17 "!)10iX'l1lli :l':liijii'tv l1.:l1'P:J '"T1'N:

'i '~11 .0"'::;' ;;ll: Ol7ll' ,1iP'l7~ 111;'11 'X'ill7 'i '~Xl Xi'l7 'i ,~x l11X~1ll;)l11Wi1;'

nl1n~ 11111:: 'X'ill7 'i ,~x 1"X1 ;'11~:l1;) 1111~7~;' ,:' :;'l7':lP~ ;'Wi1;)l70P nl1nl Xill7
.17~~l7 l1~ l11Xi' 1"l7 1~':l ,77nm, l11'nJ;)l70P;)
~li'W 1'l7~ .11.1l7 i:l1ll ,x;; 1"X:l 1ll~l7 l1X l11Xi' 77nl11~;) ]?~ Vi,1 'X'ill7 'iV ~, O'Wl

f'1i"'ii if ;,"mniV ;'7')7 iI:l iY

ll,1":1

'1i:J, ,,;, ,'x;' 0;;

O'~ii

'iV 1'1:1'"

rocru ;"':n"li1

111~;) l70p;' Ol1nJ l1Y11pll;; 'lIV~ .'X;; i1J1 l11l7~l~X~ l11'l7nm X';;W ,;;,'nl1;) 11"JllJ

111'Oll .Xill7 'i i1.1'IX /111:l11.11'~l7" ,'X'ill7 'i i1.11X /ni:;;:: il~Xl ,:;,' :;;i,ml10'nll:l
IVlllllV1.1 'X'ill7 'i 0:1 .11"1111' ,::"p1.1;) 'IV l1'lIVin;) ;)IV':I;)I1X 11::"n1.1 '1n: i1~1:l ;)i111;;
m nJm~ 'V~1"I1Oi1 N7V 91\) 0"'0 'T-'Y 111 l"I'nnpn;"1~I1'O'01N'l"I;'i ;'7Ji';'1 ')r"IJJ C'ODn:l ;'i'X O'7:l1Pi.J

C'7J1P/j'ttl Cm1nJ C"t'N't'lCpN,'-C"!i':l1n;"l O't'l.:r.ijj 11/\ ':lIOn t'l',J;'!

C::lni.J1;;7 .7"/\ "'-7;11i1

24

,{l~i'1i1

,il?Jpli 11'1l.'l\1 ,c,'v 'll unio mysrica pJl n'i':n p. ,"ii:l mn:l;'l 01'TV rnJ:1 :J"'~ ,0'1\
;;1;)111'1 0111 "~1\ .(350-325 '0:; ,1975 J'JN '11 ,U:1 0'1J1 ,,"1:1 ;115 'iJ:; ,n"VI1 O~'V11~-J':1N
i:1 ,01i1~1:;11;j 111:1;;" ;'l,:1P::l O~'ON:t:0i'N O'OlD"'ji unin mystica 7V O'01n, ,V om'i'::! iii:",? 1'I'111;ilJtviJ

;1"1

oy ;:1?:1i':1 '''17iJmJE:I i'~' 7:;7 ;'lJ'E:I-pN If'Fllnl.mn ."'00';'1;'''1 07i'tviJ

nrn:m

iii'; 11'),1?1J7:l1JE:I iiJ'n:m

,ilJ''''),' OJN:l"n ';:1'PiJ ,~X ii'N l'llO O'01n1 ?tv Oi.'ll'i' n'XV:1 1v/,m;: 1\' '1'N: :m"lY? ,11N:i
'Pi;);'! P? ('t1~'1V yitH nlN':;' j?O'\)i'j\ jrlDii 1':;' Y'Db::l 1'itlU N1;r,.; ;'\"'jiD,i:1 T'i'nr,DO ;'11'n:l'C 1\0:1110
n':1j';"I) 1'''' 7::J:1 o"'P'y;, m"piJ:1 o~i"nJ 9N' 1::1' ONI1i1:11 ,(~;r::J' P'Dl unio mystica~J PD1Yfi

1:11;"11

tlO1~iJi1 YOp::l O'pOWi! O'tlOPO;'1 n:n::li'7 C'::J"V ov o'x::Imn 0'1::)0P0;'111'J11;) iVlCl ,ptvln, 11'0101N'n;,
O'o'D'

'v

;',::IP;"l

111\

OiJ'~P 11:< 1'\0;'1

,'V

'Y

,oE:l "'1{ ':::I ,FiJYt' O1V7.) 1:::1:1 1'1\ .(':ltV' - n'OXOOpN:fl ;'17:1pm

,'"ry,

11'!j;'1 11'"l1:tt' X?l\ ,11'E:l101N'n~n~)1'1\~n :'1Tl'N: ~lJ::m X';'iV ;'1?JpJ 0"1\1::1.1' O"OXCopx

?~lJ;'11Z' ":;'1111) "1J11');"1 :\1n;"111~ O"-'p'Y o"Vopo n:n:J.p7 .0"7:;0 lJXlV ,1'),107 ;,y:m 01;11) ntv,'J iiJ'K
,~Jem :1'i17) Xn-itli ,Ui-:1.1i 'j>jY ,Fl"'VI1 D"V1i" ,::I ,i,mn n;l1ViJ ,':::lC'Ji Vi1J q"JiJ'ii
9l\1 '11n'N-"l::)O'1,J J3iJJ iJ11/jiiIV lY~' '77:);'i1 'O"'lE:lii O""iIVl'X'lJ ;',l\ C'tlOpt::lJ

"i:11~' C'NiJl

11

nil: ilJ1:lJ Oi!J'j

'::ltvn .(l;'nt;"l 1'llVij

,m ~,n, m'J"!lil\;'1 Iii'i01m?tv 111'J"7.) 71OJ1 nrrnt 11l\!l)J y;:nFlIV 1l\ IVOWltlIV '~Nt:l0i'K
.i171\;"IlmnJl\il 7Y ~"im, rn ipnlJ ;i11pn Fl1,J ""il\Jn"l'ii'1O cnJ"'j;"; ~"'J .'m~J

C~tlJ"ii - ii7:p :'inO:1

mn ,ii'Jpil ""lpn, '1~N: Ctv"lO o'nl'b

,'1i1~ijlrl\ 111j."J:ltl'1 '11i~1.m nip'JJIi,:9'

.127-92 '7.):9'

,p

CI\ ,N:J ';;T\iN:~n' ),1OiiJil

m iOt{b:i.

.~""l\'n :9":l7.) j'J' 'tl101J{'n;"l 1r.:1j;'\

rJ 'ni:lil 'lVp l't{

,iD":>

1:1V ln11\J ,071;;J 1Nm;,\;N:J :;01O;i111::I.;'111,.1',l\ ;'1JiP'111'i37 m;'?Kil ';9' D1Nii 1'\;9'!l'Vii'IVnlynlV1JJ

"pnJ nJ1bj1 7:1pm
nv,,1' ,ID':l")i) 'P1':1i 'N1 'J!):\.
:l';:'i) 58 ili;;;' ,292 '7,);,7 ,)"lWIl

" :l111J ,'n'7Jp il')1"O:lCNJli'Y ,c"nil 11NJ' ,''''j'K 'lJ :nl\i 11m);, /i1iVii .il'J;:';"!
D'?V1i" ?WIlii" i'OK 'TV i':::I'l' CI'inNn p1p ,TV!:l:L"'I i:]ii't'n D"n;"i

mp:rir1 - "~N :r:mv ;un::Il":i! .(t:l"l'1:i "111\:1 ,'irN:
,'ny, m'~)1' ,?:Ji\ ~r,'!:l1C1V,"n ;i:n:m" m~p:l '77;) IT'''1J ;r'1;),

Nt j1t"1P1J
o'ny?

rnp:n 'V) O~:JPiY O'J7V 'Jtt7 OJ'l\ O""')v'Y;' O'J7tt7il 'JV ,u'v ;lbpil

7'&

25

,c"znn

;'1"itr) - 1D";"1"'1 ,i'i')"1j\'j,;1
'D'1!)O;; ,"'j"p1:):l i1J:J ,mJ1"';;:'

.(11'DN:b01'1\) n'Y:Jj')o71'l\1JJ j'1'11n N'ilV ,nnx 1'11n 11.il:l O'J1V Q'11::i 'JiV 0i1 K71\ ,(jl'1'11N'111

26

579

"1::11::1 C'T1i1K'

[ 15

1:I)7~ '1/j .wl1)7 " "Jl' n'I~J ;],~ tJ)71~' l',Jl 1:I"'Jp~ 1111/jnJl 0'Jl'1IIn 1:I'"n '111?~'
,',111' J npJln nJ1IIn~m 11"l11n 1111/jl' :lU' lnx tJ~1II/j IXnnx n,~ tJ'/j1ll~ IX '1'01~ Xl11
:~1E)::JjJ 11:Ji;"'J n~ j~n, ~j' iiJ C'j'jm:77., Xi;"li,V J1.11Vi1 jf"!lN'D7.~tl ~Pil i11'n';, nV71:lii

i!),'inn

0')", 'IJ1J O'l1nx 0;] l'X'l ')7/j~ Ol11X O"Jp~ 0;] 1'X' O"J,n 0',/j1X 1'111'
27 .'ii':Jn::l

cprmo,il

'X"I)7 " 1n/j1j7, ;l'~J O"J'11 '0'1II/j' 01X l1'n l"X" :,/jXl X'I)7', ,~X .11)1111Xl

'Ol~l1' "1~11 01xn :11'/j'~~ n1ll1nn ')7 ,Jl/jl - '''~11/j' "ll~'n'n ,01xn '1/j'1 l1X 'tJJ1~
•'1~'11 'lJ1J 0'11"

,Vlpn rm 1'J O'lmX - 'O'lmX' ,)I'li? nJ11j )7'~/j Xl11 .uru 11l1~

m'll111n iwn, ?"Tn 11111'J "p')7 'OX,P nJl/j, 'X"I)1 " inn 'ilJl'J 'O'iJl' l1X l~',nnJ
0'1:11;"1 1'J1iO '~:J /tlY,:J ,v ",x'n7 rmx ii'~ m:J0111:l 0), nx~:mb 11 jij'j:\D 28 :,,:l1jJl - 7XiI

ll'tlKt?OpX l1'm nll1l1J1II i1llpnJ O)l,J,1II 111l~n1ll il'I' 111' ,01P~ ,,~ .1'~J 'O')71t:>l'
,JP/j ll'X

.nrrr; ',J1i?/j'1II inK l'~l ,,1II/j, l"J/jil1 .n"x~ nJJ1~ nrx n'K")7' 11l~1~11

'Jl1,J Ol ;])7'm~ ,)7~n/jn"KIJln onn '111 'J1'n ClD'tl'JX' O)7,J, l11111il'l1l1" .", nnlX
.0"J/jil1

!ICY;': 'D.:J 1:1101t"1'" ;J")o'

ili' 1',jilJD '''J::l

t:l).

0111JX 'i '111 1111'1/j n'J/j '~l~n Oi111

:ilN' ,0"'11:1';'1 m-npzo 11~O'1V ili.J;7" V' iii ilDil!:l'

.'i11'3~J O'Tnl'D'V 0')'1:1 :J' ,tl n7;"lpJ PlOD;"'!
j?'10:D!1 11Vl~~

p

pV7 f'll1ViJ

.'tl::m :imN lnn"1

il11V;il :;-;::1 1:>7J 711;1. ;1.11 t'MO1'0;) 1\71\ ;,rN'V ;'1Jn l'\'j'l lrn1Jl

'!l:J 01J".:I lIUC' 011C) ,1'D: .,J1 !:lV" CY7J 7r-:C':'l7X

'i""

"""'1

27

,1/\7n :,1.J'IN 17>"7/'\ ',_

,v,'n,' :ct:/' ,''v, ]110"

:0;1. ili'V;"l .'nDJ n1rnN;71

CP"!l!:n' :ov n';"li'J

,::l''''O:l ;'tiir'J" T1"Jj7T11nJ ,1'O~Y' 1"7 vi":l .. J'!) nl\ 0r1!) T1"Ji'T11::l ,T1:l"'\V P"Fi7 ;"lUi'''!!)i ;"I'O;;:::l

1'0 ,ow,

.'01:::l7::>'

11>,n ,231 'ny

,T! 1"':1 C),;1IWlii .;1::>ii 7V

,il"iJ1n p11' l'J

,117 11l\1J Fltm

,1"(1

1m 11::11'O~;'11'11Y

,fOIJ1Np n111i11,j)

iV11,j't,:,"V "'O:lrJ tlJbl\ ,(;1t11D 1"JYJ) m":lpiJFl

:r",Yl .m
cy mme'J1il

,C:l1'1:ll\?K P~nJ 1'1' 177i1l:Pl1i17'liJ - 1"N;'1:l1pJ J1" 111"" :(p:l7W111ll'i'n n111j1n:l 247-246 'oy)).
Flb,,:1 '1::1:.' i1Jl1,j "iri1\ VVJ.'O:J 'nn1\' rmi'J:I Vi:ln'l'ii 'W1TY 'iV pn" .' .. .l:JJ1ilJ N'1\ rODnJ 1'1\ TJ:I 1::l

LM. :;-Il~m" 1";1 ,11'Ol\t?0Pl\;; 7l;J'!lm.J 'J"!l"!N J'V:J possessio'n 7V:"Ii J30 ,y .'J''Jl\7;,\ possessiow7
Lewis, Ecstatic Religion, an Anthropol(Wical Studs l!fSpiril Passessionand Shamanism, Harmondsworrh
,'1i!JO 1N'J't11\' ,'TY1' ,,':lj70 niJ'b ?X"1TY " N':::lD 1"11J"riJ C'Ji 111b1pOJ ':l,r'~' V' .1971, pp. 37·65

Xl1Y '1 7Y .1\1131 '1 'V 1111:\1\;' VW:J, mJ'3.:":::l Q;\ p ;"IVYV ri'l;" 1":10 .':I'Y 1..:? 7':J 1":1 ':J ;'01111\
.101\0;'1

~'OJ

;'1N1 n':llYjl ii:JVFl1

;'Pj'l10'$;; '1J1,,' ;(10 T1:lV 'il'}'i1:1';' '!l?;; ]'Jim nHm 1";'1V' :niinK 111KO),11 :ilJTl 'tl,y DUN' :lU::)

28

1'0:;1 1JiN 1m7 1\:1 "J1ii ;"1";"11 1rJiY nee j]';'i I:JYV7' :ri10"Jj11M1'I'.):l )"JYrJ .11;1i "" ;(1\ ,"V;'tV) 'liM
.(J' l"rJJ )'17:ni l\:J ii:liFlV O'Y11' 1':i m'.n1\r.l 1"J!:l mV::l

,:Jl\ 1'7'0

m: rm O:lIi,..iOl:l J"J,1"1;' .'71\'1i)1'" 1\lr))' 'i,lV Ci1"l\1 rJ'? l"Jl:liJ; 7<7ln"'1\, 1':1 71:1tl c"v cyi,:l 1"j))'J
l'i:l1J

1'1\ 11\

,nOU;"1 Yllym ]'1j'iiJI'.) 1P'))'J) Q""IJI\DOPI~ Q')"Dl\O i17YJ ;jKlJD cd'::1

'ro

lnlmJ

lli:l,l\::l;\1\11l\1;"i '1Jl\!.?oPl\:l :l':n1J>l ill': .n"~O'lJ Fi"nil?V c:n '1' nV;::'VlJ1\';' no ;r!l7::J ;\:Ji;;j1 11'ni::lji7nii

,C'1'i:lT'lFlJ C'1P;' nii 'VJlb

r-p- 'V1\

O"1P~:J 0'7::1' ;;ip! :11::11:1 T'l,Jp 'D1l'{::1 1\711\ ,yiT).'TJl:lit':J:l;j

,T'l'n'.m7 1'7;1 10;')) 11,m ,1'nOJ; 1"mo;;y

::I,,' Fl1;;111ilmnp iiiD ,'1VJ rnyv i1JOn 1':lO'Y nil ~"nv

10'1\;'1 Fl'il K7' :1"::n:n1ilJ1l\ 11)11.(21 FilyFl ,"ry, ,:t"o, 'i:11
l{J',l\ ,'N'iJ'l'

l1V' .'.. ,71\1V'

11J::J'7 Fl1PO 1'1

m. ;,1't.7;, ;1

cen 1J1,"l\

i1l\'J' wni'DV 'VDN1' :'r.l1l\1 ITOllJ lI:i;:' [:''lll:lJl;"l

,D) '

l\J ;'U1Y';:)

'roJ '1\';'1:'1 ;,:t.llO=

l{J N7v 't'lJ

Tl'D1Jj71!:l ilP01 ":l1:l1 ,D '1JJ, 1V11'0;:" o:t pIP' .(0'01 '1i':l",n' lVl{ 0'7:lVFi
0"::11::1 OY7J YT 1\' ':J O"V'D/j V' - "cy7J '!iJ 1J1 ';' OtT1" 0901'

Fi~1l\ 1'lID 7Y 7!iU l\1;'1i
Fll\iJlil n7;;07 ;;').O;'Tii

d,

p" mmu

,l\ 11'7;;;"lliJ

,1"::11Ji;'\1

i'J1J J1~ljJ

m::ll~;j KiTY 'i 'it' 111ii.:lY iU'

29

16]

5S0

-71P<1 l1P~<1 ; ~'JJ<1 11~ <17'J.'~)j<1 ,:np<1 nn 110'~117 i')j~ 'lIIP <1,1111p '1~J<1 ,1Ji:1110'M
"'~il*O'"ii nx N"7j~;-l

,V'p;1 lin

~,;, ~n';1 /~i1'X' i'l,1X

'I,.,.,:; n7~')j

- ''''1:\::l '1"11;'1

~liJ.' '1 'IJ17 111'll11nll m7'Jp)j ,11'J7 lII"'J 011:)J .m7"11;;;; 71P 11K 1:1l1J~ P'~)jl

1':1W m".1:1nl11 mO"tlnii

),Tv' ').1' ,;, Oi1p 1T ;'O':n1 11n:!, ;'iOJJ

,Ji"'il';"i n'tl1:i'li 11p'DO'ij.:l

.11<1J-'"0 pn~' '1117JpJ ,JJ 111J~"p
1i .''1iiJ*'l;''O

pn:l'l 'i rb::lt'

,V "O'O:1it il::lVh~;' :1J:llj

m.::

Ji'Dl'ili ''1~:):1 '1:l1;'1 l1O'ltln

tl"7KP11 tl,lmo 111J.'~)j~J Jl1-'~-7J.' tl'IKln)j;; ,111;;7"J 110'-')jlU 'JlII

mntl' "vp ,Ti'lJil? t!r .rn i::J.i

1"

X"

,T:Ji7J:l il!lti:i ni7jiY :ii

"'011), ':1'iZ7\ti

I,:J'

30

P

;'1J'nJ)j

.O""~'l)i' mYlJ1i ,1':111 :1::llVn7J I 'l'~' n1i :tJ'l'l?N:i''lTii.:l1

,,::l'I1:l .ii''l~'l

itlCl J'l::lO O'l,Jil mJ,J1:lTlii::l1 11"Y:l '1"11:1

litj'1::l iin::"" U'lJtl7 'l:J :'il\iJ .n"li1:!;'! i1tC":1 01 O~ 'l:J ,ii:nn:Jil ;'1tltl'il

0) O~ ':.? ,n"ii7X n1:JiY'?:l ;'i'l:!Ob:1 n'iKP:l. n'lj:m

pi

O'l11ili~ orl\ .nrm 'l,:J:1 ,"0';'

11.l~J.' 11K 77:1117 lIIpl.l Xl;;l11 ;;J.'1II m;;7x7 11'111<1 111P'111Klll.l~J.' msn l1X l1lXJl.l:1l1'JJn
.<1J plJ171

P ,1IIX "

71111"1:'nJ 1117'JPl.l111ilpJ Kl~)j' 111'J lrJ~'lII 'X"iJ.' ',1 X'lJ.' '1 ',Ji7

X'lJ.' " '1II~ ml.l'101.l11111l1 OX<1 ,<1'XlII<1 11,'J7 0'7111)j l1p)j 111J, O'J~J.'~ 0'1II)j1ll)j;;
"Ji :1J:1

31.'1:1J-'"0

.m

pn~' " ,~X Oil)j'l1 'J'lIIJ i1)7 111~lJ.'J ,:1Jl"~ "Jlpb ,'X"lJ.' ',1
:'lIIX "
inx 01' [~"n ,'J.'~)jX:1 lp<1] Xl<1 K'VJ 1J'1
'l7.j'l:m:i m':lili1'lb l'<:1:it:7

111'J.':1 117J.' X,p:1 inX<1 Xl:1
inx X,pJ:1 ni'7 ',JJ Xl;;1
'l7:J 1:\"::1):1 it'!;' 'lib"'"

,1::ltV tiip;'1 Til"

.in'lJ 7J.' l"~Xl ,1)j1l 'lJ'i:1 ,1':1l11J

'ibN1V 1rm:n J"',>'1 p '71N1 ,1':;)12O":l.I;'i IX;':' ') 1:1111:i:Ji P7:l7X :l1t::" iijN' O'i:ll11'1iN: X7lJ CV:i IN
'1V ;'1T1'i7J iVX
'llJlo: Yblt!l 'lbN il:ly::l ,'.)';;::J ,,::)) l1'N1 .••m7:l l12DiJY:l,PW 01NJ ibp'n1 j'~ 1'11'\ cp'):'
ni)')"o:;'JJ ,i:li Ciib 7':)' \\7j nJtr l\?i i':):J orm~ Oii:"V 0'1'::1:1 i1'07V ,111,)7;-; ,CiV'i C;Y\J ':IN ,mn'

'X

Y'1t;ii :inn ,111Jm CY?:l
Q'1::l1;"l Jib'V 7:U{

,p

ON ,1":lb1;-; '~~'Y i';Y'1YV Tlil1;'i1;::lI":n 'U;J') IO;-;'n:l ;'ib'V 'Niit7~ 'lJ n:.:

,Ci,n nYVJ

"JW

71{

'i13:1';'i llJ

n7vJ.

i'J:iV o'I'yn 1":Jbl71 '1:l1V ,Oipt.l 7:lb ,mn:l .iiY':l.)

11m,

Xl;; 'JV;;

p7n::l ;'1lil11::lTJ:i' rc'ea

mi

'v

.,i::l1;"l ;HiN:l:lJ

nx o,n ;"lX1J;'i

'!:lJi '\Jl\OOPN

J)!b 11/'it1:llJ TiD'X' OJJtTW 'ii'! Ti;)1.JVtll'tl:J

wrccc cpu loti;"!

]'IVl\I:1

i',m

.U7"'I"lb7 nvp::mbfl 011KiiV71 :11 77:;::n ,l\ii;;

'j

:n1't?l\ljDPNi1 rmnm:1 TiN:
'1::l17 ,iNb :i:n"1i':'l m:HV1tl

.238 '/;)'9 ;233~232 in)} ;Ot' 69 :nY:11 t81~ 179 'r"YJ inn:mlJjN:::n 7:JJ ,Pi/'Tn D:lD ,;"riD '1'1

.208 'oy ;173-172

'i.1~

:P'>'

30

,0\11

31

581

[17
1~\I)J 11)1 1J1N N'11l1~m X, 'm~N1' : 1;;'1J1'J 1Jl1J\I) 11JJ
l~n1b~)i':l 11:1)7 rn~71:J ,t:7~:J ':P,:l il'il1

I" rrrr : ibN; 11'11
:ibXJ t:l'~':lJ:i:':) 7tlJ pi 1:1::11 iitL'U::ll
.":J i:l;i

,'1:1 i:nN ;'iID :'X ;':;1

:1J1 1lJ

tn

N'" '" 1J1 "\I)~J 1N i'1'" :11)11

.'" 1J1N' .", 1J1' : 1'N ,JJ 11JXl X"

."::i~ "

X':lJiii 1:Jjij mi;"l ''l;' : liiW'b:J/

;-nil 'Y~~x;, '1jitv iib:Ji ;'b::J 1in~ 'Y1
i'0~:1 X,J 1J D\I)~rm:1 'lJ'J~:1 n11' ,,~ Nl:1\1)

1n1'lJ:1 O\l)J X1pJ 1~'1
3l.1Jtt71::i IVX::> ,'inN 01" :"bl':J 1:Jill '1.Y'J::J:1 nrn mijl

l1;nl111 J"IN L:l'~1i'jil t"O:J ,1iPb'l'b PlOu;' /1'':''1';''1 T"Y''lXJ

'1VP m"Oij;"l 1':1 ii'JPi1;"l 'i")7

')I:l/1~:1 11J1' /111m 'O:1J 1J1~ \1,11p:1 nrr :1\1,1;1:1:1\1,1 :1N1J1 ,l11pJ1J 11\1,1P:1 11J1:1
p1 :1J1\1,1 Nl:1 0'1J1:1 0'NJ11J 1J\I) 'll')11:11\1)p:1:1 .01X:1 '11I1Jl/1'11l11J )lJ1l:1 ('DNDOpN:1l
.Tl"'1:1.11iiii1 iti:Jliii1 :?~'iTY I"~ XiTY Ji 7'll' O';J':.ilUil O'!.)OlJ nn:J1,j-'nJ.in "JV 1:J tl'iOn

1JI1I '111')I:ll\1'1I11pJ1'11I J~1J' :1111J m'~111l1 ,n11~:11"l)l 11XlJ 111~11~ 1111X '1 '~N O~
'1 ;''Pbi", ,iiN')

.'' ':J:J,'

N":lJ:11 i::1ib

mi;' "1:1'

:'tilJNil ,,:liil n~ :1'''Y~b Tl";'1'n,il

nrn

l1JN1111:1 pN:1]l1p)l1 n11:1]11p)l P l\l,l1J:1J 1\1,11P Xl:1\1,1 1111i':1/1X 1NJ' ,1/1':1 P ,1' :1n'J1J
33 .Dl)1Jn'X
1

'1"J:1 'JX\I,IJ' lJ\I,I ]:l1X' 1'~J /1'111111~ 1111':l0:111l1J 11J~:1/1)1:lI1l:1 ;(DJ;~:1l

'l'1JJiI ii:J1;"f .l"1;7':JJ l'''JY:J ii:J'i:liil O'bii '1U" 0'1::>1:1

,,, " '.l:i11D

71.7

rl\ ib;:Y ili Ytli':llV lX

":;'

fr'~"

11''''1)'00' "11,'J1n ,111 P 1VX', rc';::'p : 1m::. ; S 'i'.Jy ,111 P lVN 'i' Vi1n1;Jii OV V1'"1'.o

32

i71::JJ'l.'::l11tJ1Pl\ mC,ilf1l c">zm O""V1T

1mJ '1NJ

- TlVl\ 1'7' trn iVJ ;Tnv ,.I"Y lJ:2i 'P':"1,J fii.Jl

,liJlm,p

0'1:21 l\'fl1 , .. rn

7;

fli':mn 'XL,'

l,p:njJ, m-om m"OOJ 1n1Jl",:l:J y'n'Zlflc' U11':2 il':;YJ '::Jil'.:7m':i7fl n";; :17JJI arc 11m\(" ,.SV1f'l"'

PN:j'1

]i.J 'nJii ::nm:;v l1'.JJ iJ:::1'.J n::JOl n1Jl\1Vl ,(17) Fl'

,:1J'XV:i 'li:n, "l!,j'l\ .'·1:J·.:m;, mi'

'7:J

xrn ,a;):! 'Yl::lfl

s-rn

/7'}I:.1n ,l\

',JJ m rm'Sp '1J'V rmo 7::1 1XV en ,7':J'.:.n.J 1.;r'd7 ;'iT:! '11

n:)j'i J!:)

ll1Jlfl\:-'>;

'Ivy 'fI::l'l''V) nm:Jii ,inN l1r:m ,i1:JX],)fI 7:J::l ,o"illll1\:1 I'T}: ;69 flly;"\ ,IBO '1J)' ,]lp'm I:n!l ,fI'l!,) T'y
0"11'<1 mv '!J7 flJJ17;);'i);'1 n m::H\;'i' :1V/\ " Jm::J 11;71 .l'niy '17;\1\ XV11J1 ,o')J;) '1i'j'iJ en lvpm,
iJ1 Cl',j'::J liJVV O'Jnfl"W'>' "'Y linK ,0J':)':17 KOJ 1C':JJ11'T~Y 1:::11.: 1\1fi''':'' fi:i7VJ F7;1 tiT.:;n lrl:l'JVV
0l'l\11XJ1:J ,l:npi.J mt' tli.JV'V 1;'111'n'DXV ,"in '10l\11i,JV::J N1i1J O'J!l;'1 1V -n 1:iPJ ".JV 'J 1nN 1::J 7;1
";'1'

OJlpJ

o'p':nv

f1iP'::!1;"! 7Y '" 'Jii::J1 O'X"JJ;-n n1JN;"J

p can

,17.JV: lXiv' C!mi1~'V em';;):) "~''tl

"J1lDX1" :ii'.Jl\N':J,J;11;"1J'''1'''':J, 1::11" m1" :::nn:)\:; 11)J Q>i::i i:l11.'l ViPfi rm m o:l.V' Cm7yi.'l ~!l' Cl'N'1i'J

P 1;:"/\ '1 n7Ji'

:11ro ,i11

p 1\.71\'"

nmJ J" C'li'!:!)' ,.,'1),1 '[0 ,J',,] 1il:jZ,':::l11Y ':211\ 1':'71 U,JTN

n"'lV'i.'lY ,::l."n l?jJ11;JV I1'1i1fii.'l1l1iitl:l;'11 ;"llm~fll~O

,nvi\]p ::JpY' "

1'\7

71ilV;i ,0\:7 ,OV ;(12 'i.'lY ,(Cl'll] 111

-'p::n filflV rll1:),1 aV'":J XlpJ p:2i71 ~::J' :(nitr,v

p JP":J' 'i :1';'17)

33

18J

582

iil\'n:n 1I1":lX:i '11'\'11:l t?":l1 'lip';] 'l'~'l, Xi;' O~?j;'i 'lib" iWN 'i '::m:J:ll:l'inX nlbip7.J:l

p' ;;J':l1 m;;'K;; 1111:l tl'On';;

14 .tl'l)7;;

p:l1 O",:J:J mi'DO:i 1"10':;11 r:nv i1,'JP;'i;' ,y 1;Y"::l:S-il:2 '11\7,) :1:l1ttin :1.'m:lii rn:lfi :::l"t?U
nO'tln

7iV ;"')'10' tv,,:!

,,"X ""1':1 ».rn

P ilZiN

!'"1 '::IN Vil'ii rm

",:J:J

X'::tJil 110"D11

"::l 9N ,"1"IY' IWJ" ':J ibN" 11,m<;, "1:::l" ;'P"T:l 3(; .i'l7W "Di01N"1i O:l"iib 0",:l:J nlj'nO;'
i";'i:l:i iDO '!:J lWr:, itVtll\ "l\ , i'i 1=1 iiV~ " 7V O"':lii nO'tlli 'Y i":i:::lil itlO n;itltti:1 ni:J")
1Jb7:1V iipb ~bx lrX i';"i::l7'l inOtZi

;i1T p'J>,,' it'N li'tv "li'i~ l\1;'i

j/'j'7 ,'11)717 /1VtlX IN

,1)71 ,1l11~~)7:l K';; n"ll "~ p ;;JnJKM1V MO'1V 1111 'K tl~lJ'Kl tl'DOll tl"l~" '1VK
37 , i';'iJ~'!)'O

.Inli',

I,

"':l' O'nJlb:i iiVNiJ 1m' 1::1 O'i:JTJ

I

'Ol

OJ7JN:l /i'ii:::lii! 0' mi:m, O"i'

pm;' Ii ':m:J:J tvi,n~:I "7:l'mlij;'j i:lTJ o'n"

'Jl'P)7:1 :1:l1Vn~:1 :1l:l~ tll'i' Jl1Vn tJ'10~;; ml~:1 tl1'i'~
pmr'

r

,m'

,:11 :1'i'~J ,'J1:l')7:1, 1K

1'jt1U' O'nJli.:lii ox tn,
n,,1

1

'iNJ":l;"J

mO'll~~)7'1V:l Kl;;1V ,tl":l:llK m~!)7:l m"DO;; n")7J'1V mO'l' ":l1V"l K' 'I;;J-'JO
m,'~o;; '1V 11 n'm'J1V :10'~n, ~m1V ;;':1 i'~0 ',J 1K ;11J~)7 ,1,
,~ ,)7'~:1' 'Jl!'J

K:1' - ;;'11;;:1 nK
,~;,

.18 .")7~n1J'

tl'lJ 1'J'7 ")7~~ tJ'u

1'J

,'~n~ nn1~ 1111~ m~"i'n~:1
- i1~it7J '1l\

::17 ,11OSi

P

,1VK " "J,7J .''''l-'JO i'n!' " '1V n-rrn 1110'~11::l

li1 "'i1,tx:1 iiVP:iJ F' 1"1~":l Tll\ l\~b ;'1'1 "0"0:1 iU:lb ,,:; Oit7i1\;"i' 111"'.:1

:1,'~m

,m, rn

:1"n~l 'Ji'~ - tl'~'1J 'J1V 1'::l nn~:1 .";;J:1 ,~O ]1~:l tl',nK nl11i'~ K!~lJ

K'I)7 " ',J" n1"::li'~:1 1~1 ,1,
itvi'ilJ

tlJ ,mK~

"mm;, '~01i' m'n-l1'i')7 ,J'J n'Jl0'~lK'JMM'1:l0K:1 1~ ':l1~;; -11')7,:1

"t,"'l\ 0; ,'0"':1':; m,"'t1o;, nO"'!in TIN: pm' l'\1;''1 0; .,'V);

,10' pK Kl:1

P '1VK '"

,mpJ';'

nO'~nJl ('K"I)7 ',1 K'I)1 r ,,1,

P

,Ot1l 7l\"'i;7 '"

'1VK ',) MK1Jl;; no'~nJ '1V1JK;'

.('K"I)1 ',1 K'l)1 ") 71,111 '1~'n1
J1P)7' 1J' '1VDKt~ K1:1U/ ]1":l '1K7J "10" ,tl~~K ,Kl;' 1ll1'" K!1~-n11i'l1V~1V~;;)70i'M
nlN:!:i

m:n:J.fl

)l'DC'

P'

,VbV;'

nn,' Viii 7::; I"l\lti 'tl7'

::::lJl1::J X1;"1 01:7 ,10 'n;; ,~"i!lb;"\ CTV Vii'!) T'Y

34

j1cm:n) 7;; or.,"i'"

C:l1"t!ii17 ,,:;; ibi 7:l:11 11))' 7:J:11 01' 7:l::l O''''\:11<t 7J l'::lb;"l 1"YOii 101 O"ri;"l "pm.i
peen CllV 1'\7::11 ,ii-ttl mv 1\7::2 ,~10 p\:l ,r"YJJFi 1iJi V"V"JJ 11.1 1'?m pJl' 1'1:1;'11' : 13 'bY ,n11n ),'i, \tii,'n

n7:lp :"n:l O"':l'ri;j'W ,'ilpn;n V11V:1 NlijV li:lniiF.i .17'x-;, NrWJ ,lil::lij;'j 1"::),i7 rN" p' ...0".'9':1
.l32 ii'YTl ,"Y7) 111 P iVN: '.,
'b)/'

,pp'm CD.D ,;oriEl

:jlliV;1' .315-310 'b;; ,'''nli1''1'\:1 !l:JiYl.:l ltl ),"" n,:lp'

:p,ni'l

,J'7'O'1), :j'1N:1

35

,181-180

,o''V,n 0"'0';)"1- ,17::lp ,"~N:

36

nUV10ii IlllnU;'l n1JDfl n::JiJ Cii mv:n1O;'I 11n1;{i1 ):)11 :ii1J.j1"i? ;'IN:"1

37

.160-157 'bY

lWn"J!li1

mnv:m '?, Oi1V V:n;1:l

'V ,il'lJY ,CVl ' .. :7J fiV1Y l\1:;V 10m ,rEm 1flb :p1 ;(201-200 'V ,9 'bY' ,pli!' '17 ,IID!l) 'm1m"bfl
.(239-238
lW1VI1:l. r.nJ1Wfl 'WU~'),O pn:::" 'i

7V

u !i'J1ipy ;'lV"), niJ'i'J'1)j;'l ,111"fl71':;'1 11ii'!:l0i1 Oinl11J 11il\1J),l'7

.278-277 ;245-244 ;233-232; 185-178 ''OY /lip'1'l1 O)!J'trpU;-; 'i1:i'n ;'iNi ,nifi'N::l i:iVlJfi?1.7
N:'j'i l::Jl,lt.' Cl"lJ;'i '17;)'" 111\:1.') JiVn ll\J m'"J771 ,'NJ1J':ii.:l 1\';)1' 'iJ"i1J 0),

;To',i) 'x"t 1\7J TV::!' T"J,! Pl'ib l1NTr.J'l '1pt/,

in ";'1

(('1:;

m:inJ

,'ilJYO

ms-n

l' .u 11'J::n

li1Tt'i' 1'pm pNn r'~ l\JmN T.ny 'Xi' :nYJilJ

- oV!lnlJV :"it),J .t::li:7:OIi1:l,' r;;n"1T17i1T1J lD10'"

':o

:1'''1~')D pr<;L' "1 .(::I."Y J"lj ,::l"n x:: nz,..
,(122-121 'V ,6 '1;1;; ,pn~' ',,. '''DD) 'pOin "". pmn ilp)jf1 OX1 ,11plJJ;

38

583

'11:21:1 O'T1nN'

[ 19

7'~m~ ~'V~~~ 1'7~11 I1X 1"DX71 ,717~Jj~ O,X117 ,117)7DI1Jj,,-I1'Xl~J;) "'1m,, '~71:' lnx

7V l'11~'n~ 0'DOlll11JjlPl2Jj 11 ~l~~ VVN71 0'J',,7111'lI1XT 0)7 .1"" 7V "J'O I1Xl ,1'7X
11\ ilW rn'1nOlb mj'!.'lXJ

:1'?!lmm,))'iUn rlK n1pi.m ",:\

ii::l ;;up 7it' lnN'I~i;) '1jiHV ,!\ilY 'i

,110l-'JO pn~' '17~X OJ 0J, 0'llJl ,7X',TY ',1 X11)7 'I 'Jl1JJ 11110 ]1lpYJ .l11Jj'!Jjl'(Jj

'N' iN' 071Yii'~ -

,iO'J:m iN' 11:J'ii7U,1 0.:\ - ni'j'!l :.n1'il")." rnvun '1'iii7 '1tl'J 'i" nW::l

1'l"Wl.lN::1 ;"lY'1-inii l'\'riiV ,0"7;;;'1 ,Ii"~l::lJil ;"IN'i'Z';'iii iN' 01'i'ii '10' N";' N"iiTV ,OiNi\' 111'1

.1710'~1 1lJ11n ,00p'" 'l11DOX;j' 7V "Y1ll10 IX ,l111ll" 71:1 ,,)71ll10 lX ,111P~'" ]7.lTJ 11"II)7l0
III'P0 n117Y Vll'DJ O'lllXl 0'1~'0 39. lnnJIII~ P17'01 7N~ 0)7T7 '10'J 0l~ plm~ 0"7)7~
~1'JjXJ 'l1'J~ 77~l ~T~ 'l~'T .~7,~,,7 ,,'lV)71 11 n1"1~ 071~X 1J1~Vl 0'X0 ;7X0 11111X

: 11~PJO pn~' 'I 7V ll.1VJj

1~ 111' 1J1~C'lll'~ 11111~7 (T ,J 'IJ) '1'DX~ nD'1' :1~Xl
4().!'n1j~ 1:J N":nn~ '1.1:1 m:I1Jil" :7"1 1'OM;"l ::l11:liU lr.l~

1:JjJ i1.J)Jtm "0":2 nn:n~ 1T ;,m;, ; O'ii7X fm,f?j 'iP';' ,'li7~\Vj ,O'Xi'l

'ill 1m,

':I N"ii :-mJiiil

: IT 11111'7X '11Vll7' o'X~ 7V 1J171~'

171~~ 1111' '~'lD 11'7Y n~ lVl~ o,xm

;,:n in,', 1m' iir.l::lnii litnm
0'1~'0 IX1V l1171V7111V0~ ')7~llX " 7)7 "X~ X7 ,~
4l.00ll 071)7~ r.l)7~ 07~Xl p,

,.n1'n1N'J :'1.1:1.'1

-

1'l~

'w~y

C1N'il1

1J11X 0l:Jl X10V:Jl

,?:iil fiN' ,:\';'Ji'J ,U"iiJiJV 11">-' n:::J
42 .0'l1J1nl1~1

01Xi'l ,;"Ii iVpii:l. J\iiY

I, '~N'

i::l:J "l~U o,~;,

'lll

0'll'7)7~ l~lnll 7:J" X~7111

rl'nii1 inlnii j\j'i';'1J 1T ;'iO'Dli710 OW"m

11i'!)O~ 0'7X 111(1~7 1J1Jj1(ll ~71J' p-7)71 'O"ln1"1" 0"J'0' l~ 1'7X 1,"'11.1 lVX,~1 lmll~
4}:';':l'~'Y;' ;'biti:l;" cy rn O"':lPb

),'11: ")~""i::l iiinmii

1;'1)':1

mO'1JVil rmn 1'1K' l'\17;lnit1 1'\~l ,101' :"l'1:J'n::J -rnrrn n'I'iY11ii;"li il""7Y;"l 7V' Cl'JW,m O'l:JJ"7iil 7Y
.1"Jr.llil 7Y 'lEJO.:J. 01D"i' ;U::l;'l:J ;"In;; l\:nm 1980 .i'Ut':J l:Jlnv ; ,'j"::Jr.llii j1::rvn~:J

39

.:1").7 ,I J'i"Vl\1::l,j"J1j1;'1 <:In".!)?)1 "1\":!

40

:c"110m /, lfll'0I1711::l:l ::m::l" :C'7rJ::l nm)) ,m:S-lp1.:l mN,Dl\1l':.J Kin",'

,t.. ." ,:.Jil .)."y I n"VN:'1J ,ev

41

.nn 1"11\;"1 ox, 1'1::ll11"Y :)";;'
lV1,'g :j?j)7J ,'I,V illl\"EJ ,ilK!:!'! iln:l'iV 'D1P'" ;llrJ:J ,N";>O' J

.287-286 ''0 ,13 'ny ,prrl' ',., "''OD
Xl1Y'" l11i:nm 'ali'!!

m:nJ moo

,y

42
43

20j

584

;'1"10 ;;:l':J.i1

(i ,T V11;"lV) /tt:;';'1i::l. iiO~ l'~) :liii1
M17~:l

nrro ii~:Jn;, ;"ti.,;iZi ~ii

~:J

ny," i:l:)

7:Jii tJv~n;, OiU?.)1
44,O'''Jmi:i O":11ii ,:n~
45 .;1Jl17r,;']

in" .n1":l iibitlJ:J J11tlt:)~n;,

1m::1 t-n':J? 7:)1'

r:? m'''~O;"'i' 1'11::1 iiJ"::l Tl,"EJO 'n'tJlV~Tlill r::l ii7::1.1';' It'\:l to'

/0"':11111:1 tPi::li:1

lb

",:;1

1nl';'1) ,wi,,;'C' Tliiiti!iXii

m<: ""In~ vnx ~,,:.v lW'J im'lU:1 r'.l'9b Xl;"'l'il0Ki '

l'\lV1J Wilt'

?'tV

,r"1Zm 11m;, nY::l n~Di'0i1

T\"';t"'t?Nt'lib:i

m,''9£)'

H1;'] -

7":J OiX;',
'l'ill' ,ll1< P 7)71

177.1il

nmiJ P ?Y
f

'W 'ii.:l'1i1 .,?7,j:i 11}\ 'n::litm~

rPJ~U;' ",,117;j;j 'jj'i;l n'~tvi'i1 .;'i'tV'l'ii 'lib'j

,"'9' irliVilii

11.:'1'1 T'I'l!)l:l:1 i'iP''OO'i':I? ':i"E)iN. 71i'Vi';"i 'liS'"

. rl:J'i;'

TliVtllJ iN. ,07-ro :".:n~::l ii!i1N. ;'?'l)71Zm M1iiiW ;"'1U:l Ot11iJ m:nnnnii 111"EJOii
:l'~n:)iJ :t:l'l'ltlO'7.:l t:l"::l.~7;j' ;"lX'~ ii':::lI7;"i IN.:;

rv'w

'i:i "i:litl'

7W

:l'~:m::l

c:n'p

ox

:i.:n:n.:l npn'Ji ;"in,~

,OiXi111T17 T!'I;'j'x;, rni;' 'm7'l'S~1 ,;"";';"1 }Pii 1ot17ii /M:JiV~;'l'i1 ::llb Xlii 7'YE;;"i 'n~l,n;"!
::rS~:l .i1'YU 'E;7:J j\'l;"!?Nii rrrrt

?iV

m!OOX~i11 P17'lOit

,iiitru:ri :l'Sb It\1;' .,:It,~;'1 ::l~~1

:Jltv111 lW'!OJ pnJ'lnl' nj:;:JOJ i::lUm NU:lTlb ,O~bl~Ui1 'Wl'lN;' "W'b::l J'IWJ 'j'~'li';'

Ni"" ;"'Jibii ?:m;,:'iV m.Jn.lb ;'~"!j:; /n"1'litl'p':l miElii:l ijl'ii 1":1 ii'liV\? it i1):;O ,!i1lOilith
'1 J111'

-p p17

,17ip;,] n1, P1"C 7V J!ll' l1'7JC1p;1 l117m 11N'117;1ll11J l1Nl1 ,1l1)7',p7
:N,l)7

O;1ll)7

O'D17~l1ll

0',J1;1 "

;,]7)7llll 17ip;1 rm rorc l11pJi O;1J ]'1<1
...O'll1"1ll 01"11J7 ;171)71 P711Cll 1<1;117 '~7
,iir:JlZi

.(Nil)1 ", rn1J$<1
,"'N :;'iK,ii :iO'!J11 ,))'

44

ii':J:K';i'1oN :i'Y7Jn 'Vi"D ,'O"bin' ,. 'C"t':i1' :V1'D 1<:1" ":J 1:11101': 'N:'1TY 'i "':1'1:1V ;1'r:lpb;11b

45

.168-161 'n))' ,O't'in C'ljJ':i -

,vtl,

Pi:'O rn

ii':P

,0,'O.,i' nli.J;'; c'pt'J jln, ,0'0:1i:1 i'V7 ,:1:1vm l\'il ,"17ijll :,t'Jl{ p 7Y' :";"U-'':;O pm!"' 'i ,::.' nlii7~;:
'~)i ,i'ill' 11" '''ODI 'I : I J ii1Vi';"\ ':1'.:) "'"\'01\" 'ijl':' ,:1N;'1 mi:ll:j lVl.Jl p;-; n1n O'lD
7Y 'J ,v.,'!,) 1;;":'::1
,1l1J,il iP';; N:1;-;V n1i2:1l'ii;-;V.Fl::Jii1 cnp1.JJ ,m,"ZI' ,VXi
l"'!lnJ ' :J")/'iV 1=1N YVYl' " 'IJI ;-;'11W'1' .(4

,v
1'l;j7

'::J

1i2J ,"C"l:iil::l iiOi\ 171,Y' lCV 1);:;) ,0'J"7)/'<111'7Y
O'Tb" 0j1 'J ,1'):1;17)1 1i1"1iii'i ,,:::::1 tlvnrm ovm
'~;l ,IJl1 11;)1 pra- 'i? O"ii;'i '~1l{ :;'i'iV;'ii .(1";)' "I!:l ,l\::l'1;jttiJ 'VKi;i :1J1:I:J Cl;'i p71 ,l\ii;) 'i rorrt ~'''!)V
0"7'Vl1' ,ii.'J";'ij!::l1wyv :ip:n rrroae ,t!.n.?''1n;ij 1Y: :n '17 Jj7T7 )"::1 1')w :1i;7 :1WiV:1i .it?~1bP
O'::l1i;7,n D}i ,r::llZ7illlJ;jTV ;;C :l'Z,'1ii 'n° Niri11" ,07JIt' mL::1J :"i"Jf!1? 71)":1;) O'lt'W c'p''':!" 'J' ;'hvn
:r'Yi ,(11- 12 '7:J;Ji rn17:J "O";-;lJ "O'1);'1iJ 1)C/{
:1;;))'::1 ~",::; :'!:2:ll{i D7177j1"::lPjj nN O'WJb 1:2;-;N:::I

.ow 1.11:1 ~1ji 7;;' mDon Tii'JD" ;'iNl1 .cw i1"JDi1" ':J~';;

,:I";)

KJ 11:il ':npn

"1:21::1 Cl'T1n~'

585

[21

CI.l1t7.l:111.11t71i':1 n11 Tni'Ji i"110'
:ii:litiJil

7V 1\Vlj? n1l46it:Jt;)~ 7::V;' 'J
- m'}J ',11t7' 111':1J1

47 .0'1.1111.1

0111.1' :1'1J/11t7ii':1 nr. i"mo'
": 'N'1TJ/ '1 J111J1

-1~~ n~ O"Ji'~i11t7Dl1J 1t7ip:1 rm l1P'O
,1~7.1 0"Ji'7.1:11117.11t7.l7.1
m~:rv

i"7'O ;'1 - 'o:m~ 'ttl::JJ ;'7Y)"

:lw;:'

,,17.11t7.l:1 'J/11t71P m1 :1~1t77.1 '~1t7:1 ,~
- 111'}~ 'N11t7' l1mJ1
49 .0'7.1n7.1

;"':Ji'b ilili'lbl

0117.1' :1'1J/11t71Pi11111 i"110'

,ttl

,ir 0'1)1-11"1'{1' '01;:J''(J Nl;"1 ,0m iii O'biU ':lW
01'13Pii':J 110~i1 "~'n
'1'1/iI - 'iOlbil "V'i.l:I 0;' .rn;-r7X:1 i:1tl7b;j '~lX' 'V1JX;'i '110'1'.1::1

- 11", :Iii';') ;jYbtV'b:J,
'Jl,V

1'::l. nnw;'

5o.'m'Ji11i Oil rm,iiJiiiil ,O"Jii1ir.J r:r':\XJ - O".:!!:l,,,1 :'mii111"y)?:1 OWl'

1.'1'Xl 1'n,,'i'J j'j'JbV' 'b;j X'ii il"1nrJl.ti71il' :;'.J:Jil '!l-'1~lN;:) "'01b;'1 "V"b:l o""m ii'X

m"o'

51.'1l17.11t7.l 1'J:I:1' ~1}'1 "D1t77.11 :1J1t7n7.1:1 07.1111.11 :1J1t7n1.1J 1JnI.11 lJ'J :1J1t7n7.1J ON'~ p01)l
N'l.1 'VUN;' 7::lC';"l\V ;;"lJ1'lJ;"Il ,1';1;.1 iJl11V" 1:1)7 iiJj:'J 1W""'0 1:::1:;0

,T',17",'y

:;'11\1 .'O"J';rTl1'l\b' ii1:l'n:l iJ)7

l\7N ,t:?1J''V iN:J 1'/\ ;'il'{'J;"i '!l:J
.:1'::1 11;"0' Vlp;"l n11 nN lvm;"'l

pi

V;)1 rmr """7:-; t'D11J:j;;

,1\1')7

I"

V'iV;"! 'Vii';; ':r7Y

46

47

'i'

,n"JYIi ;)O'O'::"JINil 7V il'::J101"!l' ilOp" ixm1 n7::1p Cv7 11::l'n ,'1::;)i V:n pnr ", O"J'»' n1'Kf'.j l!lo-'
,~jT)i
nm,N:i 'Vi"'!:):' C). 1X .:J"Y 42 'It 441 liP'ON' '''::lJ nCUJi Tun1 .HH!l 'bY ,X"'QVJi 0'7'011'
V1j7j1 nn mp:ll J1r,v;'1 i""o vn - 'V!lJ ;'7)-').1' jm:mTl m~ l'ii~O' In') ,7K'iJY 'i V1i"!:)' ":lPiXi CllpnJ
/;)nVJJ
i:::ll1?j "' moil) XiiY 'i 7v lno':lJ "J ,,"yo (12 Tii;;;"! ,OV) 'J::J]i A5 'bY ,7W11Y 'i' Ji11J.l\;) V1i'!) :l"Y
7;n~

'rm ...1117;1,;'1 pi::l 111::'-l1p l111J:1 K':lJlil'i1 .,';;m: :im'7:J

/'1')1:11\1:11\ K71 1Z.l11i' 1J1p:1"' :ri'VW p ::lp:.r"

.::l::J':l 'bY j'V1Pi1 nri

v"'O

n'11,'";"! nU;'i:l7l\i'V' ['1l\ :11i1:J'1":JiJ1<ll 7X'iT1 '., ,1\11)7',- rzn:m ['iNl nn ,V fiN' ,;''''!J'n :0), TillC';"!

,t-'

48

m 07'J '1\:"J 17;0.: mO'::ln'i .j):vpm 17 iiW,J ';:) Ol-i,OlI\J - ,/-i"jiY " 7;;/\ 17'l-il ,ml'::lOJ T'7,"1T1 7Y

49

['il\ ,<i"I!) :l'ii'7l x"Jvn O"Vl1' ,'J::; p pnr I" 111';::n" ,'prJi 'l\l V'1'J,n'iJ Cl'::J'W ,0")'J;1 ,t!"::1

P'VP ii";;J .54 illY;' .up-m !J:l!),IP1!J ::1l\i ,'mp'JiD'" 7V pmJ en 'rn,ynTl' nren ,y :262'?:iY,fni1
:'1\"'37 " De:;;:;aml\ 1\:11;);"'\:1 OVI .m7::m;"'\ mi~O:l ,iJYJ'V mp,nOT\ 'Vp;1:l /m,yrlji' "11,)':1::1 :V1~·t7:1
111:JI1i'JJ X7 ,'7J~111::l '1tl'::l:1 C')j't:.' 'i;",\:l~'J.O i'm' '"1 ;l.1nJ 0,,1\ :O'11i,J ')j'Zl:t :r.:i'1"1 Fi'3mn OYJ,"1 nYtl::rr
.1111'00'1 mji'l\7 mOiP'n;'lJ .rrm 'VpiiJ 1\71\ ,"7l\J101::l 'li.J"lJ

'1'

'Ii1Jil'O

jj11\7;'1

;'1":p'

.380-379 ':;J ,18'?:i;; ,pn~'
'''0:) :;'11\"1
,1m\:?i.J nl\ "::l)';"i7 "lJlnl\;"I Tlt'7liFil :U:)JTi'lUFi 1':1 1U'J;Il'tilJ7 .118-! 17 't,.. ,6'tlY ,ov

,~\7'J::l1i inN.i.J ;'''']I),;'T mmJ'J 'W")l blN~i.J:JI\7N. O"i,Jil;'1 illPJlnTiTl nJ.J/\Ji;1

'JiV 'J' :ii"::Jt'Ilii 0'7:.:'11' ,",1' Tlin;;/j ,ev" 'lJ1S7 i"::lDi,J" ,O":17.n;")

b

;"iJ;1' :q1J"n pN cn;.iil:l)

p a,'IJ/'{

'1 ;7l1v;-n ;J" 1):;)"0

rnnnJ::'- no'l'\ '::J ,ii)./71'J r,xv 0'13/71 1.':11 TirJ IC.'vii1 ,T"!:::l1:nJ 1:!tJ?,.J'V 071Y\1 p1 ;'U":1 1Vvi'\ ,1"177\ tn'VjlT1
.(i'Ji'-tlJi' '7JY) 'l<utnJ mt:rV1171m p liil'\t'1nb::i:Y 7,;;nv iil7:lJl ;l;IJI:li'J l'j:JIII11J /:];'1i'J liiN

50

51

2

22J

586

'W',I :111ijj 7ii:7 'i'i:iiVijiil:-l:I~~n, .i1'''1Ji;j ii"~Xtl~ iiW'~ ii:l~XiV:J m 1i1::JOXjJ:J Jjmjjj "N:~n 0),
~m{J

ii;;';' ',nn~ ~::l

O,:'roii Tl'7~ l1m~ n:n\1lV'i ..• ~:l;'l

0'1:1' 'jP~'

'1;:)

ion X"iit:7

iiTl'b

52.'p'i;I;"l

'l1l1J,;'I1V 53:1i',' iDD7 i"iJ-'~D pM,' 'i 71V llV"'~J 0'J111I 0'mi7j :iJi 71V 17jlJ'D
pi N7 '111:17j )1il'lI ;'1':1 ,lp'7'OJ llWJlll11MJ1JJ o"n Oil~;'I ,mi;'l 'J )'J;'I7 )11'J 0:1'7l1
,i7J17 Nl~~ ilV~~ .1711' D1N:1 llD'~I1J OHlN ':l ,mM"l;'1J"'AO pM,' 'i 711' lm7~:1 l1D'Dl1J

in :nn:l i1b'pj"j wow

Xii"

l'{7 111' ':iii OX)

lW'U;' iiJi17J:l7n ~b JW11ii1 ",,' :ii1101."l,' ':l

:1'lln:1 11~ O~ ,1'7~b ]J17jJ ,077J:J.l OiNJl 011"J ,111:17~J O"ill'~~M 0':l'7;'1m 71'Jb

.t:I"i:lN'DOpX:'i i'i'tl:r;, :" n'Ob''r.l:-n,''nin
,;'m:JM Tl'''bO? l:nt\i1111~

1":1 It\ /mi':; ;,r:l.ii n"no r::t, OiXii 111" p::l. ii,l\ 'in'i'\ '.j~b
'IV ;'IJII'n7J;'I 11"'lI' O'il11'P

rm, PIV~ lK ',J 01KM '11' 111m" ,1M~ 1,1.1 ,pJ1:1 01N:1

'ip'lI '11J'i m Nl111' 'J MO'JJ' '11' 'll.1'1J ill1'l' l11MJU lK ll1K,7j J'1.1 .'JII' 1,1.1 ,11';'I'K:1
55:

1

1111:1 no');:)';:) 11il\:l.1!iii7

1011.1111MJ111 O"M 1'11
,o"n 111N:l111 Mmb ':l o"n, 117l111' :1Jll1'mll'
•.•n:llJ )111l1 inN iJ1J DDJ:1 iJ1:l1i' il.1K
".":l'lm' '11 '1'iK;'I MK'7J '" iOn' :i1.11K K1M pl
:O'lm 11111~ 17.1:1l1 PM:I' 'i 'iJ1b 110'lJ O"p7.1n1 DlJlM Oil~J miM llD'!l11
C1'J U'~ - l1iJ17.1 :1",' pK O~
.111iJ ~,~ lJ'~ 1111.1'II'M'J
li!lll' lJ'II':1 - ~iJ~ ~iJ ~Ji 0~1
111i lJ 0' D:1' lI11' M';'I ~'II' 'J!l1.1
57.1:1

o"'pn'tvi i:l"'D

11:l1l'1.1:1 I1I.1"P 11)1':l O"plll.1 01P';'I ,ilI.1N' ,'~l'1tl~JDN:1 iIl'P:1J O~ 'lIl!l '111i;'l )1i1',);"1
58.'ii:Jl1ib;'i;'i pObl'ltV I ':r::Wii

l'N, mi., l'\i:1

,O?n7:1 1;;' : 1:1 Ybitl:1

'1'

.OlD rmy;ifl1192-191 '~>' ,O'''!i;i '1N::l /iPN :1"Y1 .360....359 '!lJ ,17 'bli ,pn:r
'''O!J ;;11\1
/1"'t:l'rn i1:1r':lO I'm;\, '1 "':I1':1 ';11X'!1,11:np'm mm'XJ i::lVIY ,,1'1El'n
,tl"l:l'V11 O"'W11" ,11'''J.:;.m ;"1l.:!'01:!'J'X;"l ,;"l\~'O""'~~ "'Opl1
,185-163 '7.1:t ,P1"111 O:lt. ,ii"D :;";1\'" ;336-335 'v ,16 'bY ,p1'r.l' 'i? ,IIOD
.J"Y l\ !11Ji::l 11:JO/J
~n:;; 'i? 11"::'1\;'1 Vli'O

52
53

il'Vi"l ,C'J!l:l.0'1;1 '1';';'1 CIVil )71' ;'11V1J ":lX' :l"JJym Vii'!:')71 im'::! ,J"ylV pN '"1::11 m, 11m)';"!,l"JJlb'l
,/J.";:;;'1? ;'iJiJ;'1 !1/iTi) ';'1m )n~ crrJ )'niNl:::iJ'J )';1) ,1::2 ;,;pJi' mi,-: 1::2 1<l;:lJ1V:: ,O'JD:i llni'J

56

M. Idel, Go/em, Jewish lvfagif'of and Mystical Tmdinons on :1'71 ,2 jJ--2 11 '!,V ,10 'nv .pra- '17 '''OD
.(0711 ,71'l'< :l7.1'Jlhe Artificial Anthropaid: New York 1990, pp. 34- 137

57

::J1lU:l1 i1?1X1.,;Y1\71\ il,)l'tJ X7;"1m PiOD;"! nbXJ 'J' :0:1 ;'i111V;; .1\";:; 1nnyn mOb :tnT9' 'I? j11')l'{;'1V1i'O

58

iN111i1

n"::Ip ott', ;'i11:IY

"1

54
55

587

'll::1::': O"i'1m.:'

[23

,1J .)7:m~~ 0)7 ,~T;;' 1~0 ,~ ')7 1JJ )7'1J7.1~ jl1p)7;] ,'m1~1 J1'P)7~ ~mll11J1'p 0')1)7'
m:l",:m~ :;:n:JXii l,:mil::l ':J'

59

:y:n.1x:; pn:s' 'i n':J.p:J. iii~,rl JilJr7Yi1 iitJ\7Ji1 1nr : l1i"'.E:lO

:!··POnii :m:;:,J n,m:;;"] rnn ;-TX:';' ;"b~ 1'37,60 i ' m :liVi';ji'i:17 ::J
')7;;7.1~~ lP~ '~JJ ~1~

l1'ltl7.lm

,111iJVJ.E:l1"liiii1 n1Vitr

~JlII~l

n7nn ~'i1'tV

61.'I:b1)7~')7 0"11' ~:l1J~ n~Ol11 Olll7.1'J '1n~lJI1 OJ' ~'01~" 1~11
62:'lII~J'l mlll' Pl0~' lIIl1'~J ~'1;;lJ O1'~ 11"'lII J;;7.1' I1~OU m.1~1'
- )l1:lW' 101i'l:;)

,O"J'~ ')7 "'P~ 111, I1J"
~1111J ~7.1'lIIlII~J~~n'm
.~OjJ;'

~,;, ,;'l?'Y'~1'ji1

in';, n:Jij

nn

nn:n.1:1 X'il nrn ilON::l )'1n' PC) C'ii',) '0'1:11', 'ViP;' rrn' O'nJ1b:1,:l1tt7,
f

63:0lll,nx 01P1.1Jl .'lIIU~ 'lIIP;]J jXJ- 'O',J";]')7 ;]'1l11~ X';]1 ,~01J;] ,11';] 'nJ~'
XOJ

P 11.1JX'pJl

(1:1 ,1J Jl'X) 'UJ)7 1")7 ll11'~ XOJ '.1~ 1I1X7.1' :1;]11
64 .1'7)7
65 .c,~;]

lII'P;] 01, ;],ll111 mJJ ,1.11)7 ~1;] 'J ,",

1m, 'Jnl1~ )7~";] 111,1;] J,,,, C'lP l11;]'X;] l11')71.1J I11'J ;]"')7;] J7l11 ,1J"~1

''''J"'~O j7n;;' " ,,, cno'~m nll~7.1 '11.1', 1m C'Jl'lIIn C'7Jn ]l1p)7 'J ,Pl' jXJ1.1

11.1l117.1 J")71"

px

)71/,'10' " '011.1l11l11JJ'pn ,10 ')7 ml07.1J Xl;;7.1' 'lII~X 1J7 n7.1~1' . irrn

ON':lJ UX' O':J"X ni'Obil '1:11 66.i'ii:1:1 iti07 n071:1 iii"! 07.:l.bii ,ili1J

M,.:\O

PM'!"i'tO
67 .~17'1J

.:I'·Y j 111'J)711 11::J00 ,OW' ;'11l:J'Vn;lJ1 lTilr.:?'V::! ;1";'1'1 1iiJi1J11rl"1;"lJ

llli N'~j'j" ,1i1:::l

1'::1;'1
59

I1l1:"X;"i 'V1,·tn

60

,1\11'"' ,j"J1.n, t711':i 7Y 111\':: ,:::1'';;'121 J:lX
.1\"y 'i llr:lyn ,at' ,1\-ny "'\7 n11).l\;"r t'lYO

61

.1\")7 1\' 1\1:)1'

.lI:I!Y 1:J ,o~'Vni'

iny ,l"i"TI r:m)

,;"l'1!l :;"i~f

,43-42 J"1Tl)l;: ,168

moo ,l-:lT;i7'"

62

.::"y , T1:ltlT1 VN:1 ,OV

63

':Jnr:l. 1ii7;"'D'l ;In'1j'j 1T1m::l'i ,1I1:n77 1XtiJ r::m7' : C'1'V;' I'V V'1'D7 lI1j'jil'ii T111V;"l

64

.11;m 'oy) ,... mo'Wil O1'pl nVJt'JT1 '~i1 jC'b ,jm:::n, 71:;p ]'l'n ;,),:::11171 nl\' ,1b:::n71
.245-244 '1:/;1 ,1'P'.i!1 C).!:l ,fl'1:; :;"iWV;1 "ii11m ;'''7;;7C' lpm~ 1'01';-; J"J;"',
n:l.:::v' :'1i'.:1l\j'j r'y ,'"I'T1Jf11DO' pnl' '''I nn 7v lOi1': m:m:m n1'}l'::j1 7';) .op lb'':) ,111'7.:liO mlliitJ

65
66

lJ'7wli' 'ipi11j) :::l ,71JV O'J1tJtl l' mt7)J:J OJ'!:l ilb'V7 ,::nn 1DO :'"IYi:lii lDC 7v Tl"XOJ::'IDj1 ;,:n:;;,
.164-139 I)J';)

.1";;-1";;

x:; l\li/"

,l[l"vn1;, ,7/'\'11.7' T1Ji:7ii;"JJ

,]"J1Jl;'i ll,'lT!.!'Y llW:: ,::''Y1V px

67

24]

588

0')1)1 ,110l P'i'~ 1'))1 OXl
Pl.l' " ll7)l.l1l.l' Ji~l
'111' '~1Jl) 11m, O)ll.l i111' '~J' " '~Vl

:'"j ,'onfi ::11;"

:l'11l:J '1'1K~~t!J ji/j7,)

irWb;'i 0107 ;,n~:liii'l 11.1:1
1')ll.l~ V~i 111~~ ~1~1:I

'1'i'1) 11")1' 0'1111 rmn O'~'X' ~J1' :'l.lX)V

0':11"':11""
p';, n,l.~' j:lij'7:il
In,nn ?:lPb n:md :o,~xr.; nn
ii"" ,nx ?:;'7 :J"mn

i1,nn ':Ji'~

}\1i''i ':;'

~'11m I:I~~ ~'~I:I ~11'Ji' 01i'lJJ llJJ)l117Ol '1")1' '1")ll.l ~')llll.l W~I:I

rrrrt 1:9 Oil'.1iV'I
n'" ~')lmJ nrrn
m'J n";j 11m 'J~ 'Jnll' i!lJ~Jl
",11111111i'~ l11il~J i!11i'~

m, 9'01lJl

",1I:1il:l 011I il:l~ 0'l1'7)1~ l11n1J~ 7~ J11117 7J~ 9101
1111'i' 1'U l1171)11l11Jii'I1l.ll11111Dl~1
071)17 111~'~' 117nm
0111'111 01i'l.l1)l ~'1)11
".O')lJl) 1ll.ll.l1ll1mi11J 01i'l.l 1)1 0'71)1~ O'l.l~ 1lJJ
- rrn ~1~ )lD1II~ 071~ ;)lDV 111il~ "1)17 ~1JI1)V ,P'i'~ 11"7)1 7111 ~iliJ ~mll 1)')D7
11~ .~'1)1 " 'JllJJ 'lJil.l J'Dll.lJ 1l, ~)ln'~ V1i'~ rm llD01l1 ,il.l17J - 'V1i'~ rm 9'017Jl'

"J 11~11 :0")'1~'11' O"')~' 111')1:1 O'DJ'~ 17 V'V 'D-7T9~ l~J 'I1~J~ 7')l7V )l0i'~
P:l, O""i'~'1iii 0':;"';'11;' l':l
O':l,nWb

n7x

68m

j.1ii:l T1b"'p ;"l11'iiiV rm:r''::i;'1 ;":lPii;'J 1'1X 0'1"';'7

t3":r~':1n ,11'l1'11:i ;'1'"n;, niX7tl:l

,n1::n,i'

O'11Y' .O''l't:!O'U:1

o":l"7;,nfi

-'OXD0i'~ :J17'V~ o"i' 0) 1J ')'1~'I1-'Dl0Wll:J17'1II~ 0"i'1II 'DJl ,~111~ rn 0'7J'71:1l.l1
iVi'~JV '1)1J :'~1il~ 1il~ ~"7)1' ~111lJ7 )I'~~V ~)lD1l1J iJnl.l O'ii'l.l~ 'l1llJ .')'1~'11

111~'~J O')lV O'l.lil) 7111 O'lJ'77 l11)1'1l.l11l17J 111~'~J 77DmJ~ 11Jl/In7J ~i'J' ')il~'m

111)1,m 1111l.l )m7~J ~i'J' 77Dlll.l~ llJl/Inl.l 'O~00i'~~-'OO'l.l~ '1IIi'~J ,0l.l~)I P7 lll'J
111)1111111'111 111'1'1IID~ 071~ .~J1l17 l/I'i'~ rm 11~ 11Vl.l7 ~'07JJ 111~7~~ 0)1 ~'l/I ~'lJ'77

o':m:; rJ min rrnsc N7l'i ,.iJ"'j, 11\ OJl'i:mn ' ;1:''-:;(\ 0)1' t:t;rlT1;J:i C1'7::npn j;'1):1) r;QC;J? nJi1:m1J 'l:Pl\
,101\1.:1;1 ~'O:J en 1:)'7:1 ;'1i\i .nimTb DiI"lnNtl r,iitJW1l Tli'lt'1;"i " lX' ON: 0:::' OjPl'::l. O';iVp C'NiJjJ

68

589

[25

Oi~ 1l11~ 7~~ 0"pm7 311'1111V ~7~ ,:171'O~7 :171'0~ )', )'n':17 :11'1.1 :1Jp m':1J P'X :17~
.11.1~V

'11.1'1 J11V:I~~J 11I'11D7JJ l1'1X1J11l nWl:1 '1n~7 n1:17~:1 7X 1111lll'l:1 11'1111111 ,Jl111n lll"lV7

ion tlJi'.j~

;,nJ*~"o i'n~" Iii.) il7:wn;nv n1107.1::1 1lY f1YJ

It\;:) O'bil ~lb" .o'::n'i:li'i O'7:ln

n:li1i ,n"DO'b:1 iP,1nil 1':1 nprn i'1p'r Tlb"i' 'iii 7:m ,1"I117;j:l i::n1bii1 ,i11il;"li'l 7V

tJ::J'ilillN::l

j"JV1.11 ,i711':17 ' i ' n1.1 '11'1:1 O1X:1 lJ11I ,11111.1:1 P7 ,111'n7 'i, 11.1:1)1 n~ n'1.11.171"JJ Oi~:1

69/V;1Pi'i rn,;J,x'.:J,

,mn mn;;7 .ili1.J*'),O Pi1l' 'i 7::lX C'bil '1j'J', Y"~'i'J ;'1T ilOi';"l::! i{i'111W'

O~ 0'1.1:1 '11.1'1 111V:l1.1XJ l1'1/\J1.1 :1lm 7111 07W '~7J W~11I '1l nVJl:1 01117 '11i'1.1:1 7/\ :1"7V:1
.:1i'1:1:1 il0 n~

,x~n 'l;'j.J·'~O Pi1l' 'i 7~~ Y"~l7j l'Ybi11 0'/,):1 '1i'J'1iO
p , 111'1'~0:1 p l 111"~~' ~10 1'~:1 P

,;"I;:)'>" ,ii">, l)'1':lltJ m"i'b;' ib
O"1l'l~:1 o'on':1) 111"'~:1 '1111P:1J i1i P '1111X ''1

:1,'~m '111 nn111~1l :1o'~n n1.1"p 1"l1.1J .n111.1:1 '1nx, 111:1'X:1 'x :1'1Tn:1 '1111P:1Jl (j1.1:1V
'11 X'11V 'I 'JnJJ l"Xl .'DXDOpX:1 J:lll:1 lWnJ 'IJl1.1 C'11l Xl:1 111'1:1 '11.1"1 :1JII' ,;'X1Jl;'1
nxn ,"nn" '11Ji:1"111 ,'DXD0i'l\:1 J:l1.1:1 '111 l1x'n O~ I(J :1'X 0'1111i':1'V ~OllJ ,'X'11V
0'1.1:1 nl( O~ XDJ1.1:1 ,0'J1'11I:1 O"J:1 '11.1'11 0'10' 11Ii1i':1 1111 '11.1'1 nW:1.1I(J In':1 p
.11.1:1Y Oil(:11111J 0'YJ1l:1
1111n':1,x:1 1111J n'C'llX;' rrrn 111i'J1 nx "1J :1lJ;';' l":1n O'lll1' O''1111i':1J 'J ll'XI

1111~~ .:1J11In1.1J

;''''V

'1111~X' '1J ~1~:1 nx 'i'11:1" 71J'JJ 111'111 lXJ1.11 ,~1m n7~111:1 '1J

/;'VlJ;") ~1l:1 11'111:1 (X) - j1111Xl:1 :O'11Tn1.1 'J11I n 111X'1'1 111:1 11l\'n nx J'nl'"
(X) -

'.:nv;,

i l1'i1'Xii :1:I'CJn/,):l mi'~' 1X ':\;'1 0)7 n"nNnil ,ii:ltoi1b:l i'l"7Y (:1) ,('ii?nltii'l!

't.t7 rn :J~b .1m' ilii1:l" n1P;1' (::1) ,('01';' n:J'itm' /O'i'.'l:'1 n:::1::1 rm'T1::l') itJ,i'i'l rm nil';'
lJ'ii'1.1 J7V X':1

""'% lXJ O~ .inXJ V~lJl ~llJ 'll:1'i' ~l1Y ,V J~1.1 Xl:1 0'11Ji:1 nYJl:1

11nJ 0'11ln1.1 'l11l7V ")1~1l1J .11Iii':111117 ',J 1~1:1:1 ,i'Ji:1 01X"'X "n1.1111m 1111:1 11'1'11:1'

rm

r:J nrn ,ii:-\1::1:1 '!:l:J ,T1b"i' Nil)1' 'i '~1'\

iiVi';"IJ 1:]). i1.11 '.IN n'l'tlo~~;,

70. inN

i''l''in;,

:OiX7 o'~om1.1:1 :1n1.1\:11 nJ p l V1i':1

1'11U1P' nm1p1 Vim ::ltll" irY"7X "Ji' ,l':r:m i1~ii70 :''In"ji 'ZlNm ;'1)1\:;1 ::It'l' 'l\i;7
1l\JIj "JJii' ,u:"J7 r1iiN :"JJ11J t:ti:Ji:"J 17/\ ':Hli

il1l\

m:;:.

Cl1pn, Cl',Jii lml\ m7;"'il7 t;::J

P ,,'ii 'r'm "11;1\'

69

mil' 11u:;m .[::1 ji1:l1iS"7l\ ':211 "ViD] il">' U'J1 :lOb 7\:7

v' 1m) D1Pt:l7

;Jl::lj, :.JljiUl'J

l'Zt'i.)J 11'11';):!

,O"IJ:1

ryti

'J ;11 .i1i l'

n:n:-':JJ,1 n'7::JV:1 V!Ui Cl1P1.Ji'.J 1\',1 em:;, i1JvniJV ,17Jp '7):J7 yn' pl UtJ1.:l NS'V tJ1i?'".:l0 :1JU 1;.1:1
1"7;1:1 110: npJiJ :1':111 nn ,j1}cnn 1:11['0 1Y Y';lii71 i117)T:i71

t.n.nmn'

:"lJvni.JJ ro V"

,Cn1'7YiilJ

lmNl ,1m, 1[' 1"01''i::Jil lie';;' iitm7 ii7;l1.:l7b mnn ;'JViii'.J;lC'JI .lnN 1Ji X,;'1' X';"l pVY.1l ,ovn ilJVmV

TOOJ -1';"1:2;"1 l1N;"I il\1 ,1tJ1J71:PJ IV mr:nm ,iltm, mil\ mv11.:lV ,iJilni.)ii nJJ ;,tli'J' l\:,'t1J 11'7Y;; 11l\;1
0':11'7Y::1 :l::1vn7,jj1 rp'Jln O'J1Vl\i;'1 O'i'Or. l'il -pi JJ'Zl ::lvr ;"lJC'nOil 7J;:lV

ali't:lj1 lliil{J. tJ1D!:lnm

11j'Zlil nnD~ 110 1;li1 ,;lJ'Zlm.:J.l nJ -zo piJnm C"!Jomi'.J 0.,..,J1ill';J 1::J -pre» ,0Vi.)' 11'7)7,1 11l\1j 1':1'.:-'17;')'

.(:l.'I,U'i.)Y ,['Y1l)l'V nil1;ltJ] J ,l"Ji'Ji '::l!1::J :11m ,C'lp:l J":1).1\) ' •.. p T'jJ nnp:i 1::J1 ,;i'V"7l\ 'nJ
.n1ppmv;'1 ,:"J'1;) : 01\1

70

26]

59<)

;,r:JiV;'i "I'm )j;"lJiV

,0~n~iV

71.tt",p;'i nii 1'1:;0111 ilntiV:i ~'J

Tl'lJnJ 0'1::1111 m1'~O~ 01'i" 01i"~ 01'i' ,'tIIllX~ 01'i'~ :11 .p ox ,X'~ 0'1J1 ?tII OTl'::111Tl
CD, N':J '''~b).n.1' '10':1:1 . '7:Ji1 nx m~'l'li'bii1 ;'jj'li.,);mJ1 N'i'1 min "'iiVN:J .rm "'J

'W l1'n'l",'jiV

,~?~ m1~ mi'?TlO~ .~'1'~~ 1~111 TlX TlN?1l1l nrm ,'17::111X ,'1~111 111117

~O'~Tll"::1'

,til

11t11'IlJ :11Tnll ?~ ~1CJ J~11~ rn '1101P~ 11t11'IlJ .1JtII1l1 711'1 ,017~ NtlJ' ~'1t1117 X")I
m:l1::J';'

':li1't:1 "

1'\E:Jnib;' ;"J.j:lO;' -nn - ~itJ'Jl{:i i,\t)'~:1"1 ,m,,, 1b1:J. :J~b:1

,y i1li''liW::ll nrn nln:liJ::l iJ1ib:1 :i'X'J O'l::l:17j

7'0

m

'iiDO'i1i1

t:!'l'::l1'M;' tl''D::l'':i:l /,n:::lttm~ TIN

.'Jpll~ 0111C 11TlJ mx'l.l~ J11-'~-'17 ;'0'1J1'

lmJ m11t11~ m1xmll mtll~l~ ,m111~ 1nx, :'11?1tlX:OX 1t11P~J tl111.ltll1' ~'X mO'M
,;''In)i'b ; ":;':1;:) ,l::Jill1b p1V 011)':) 7N:ii 1"J'

,,::l'i' '7:J:J OiX:1 rJ on':1 , ib1':J 72 ,1i1;',N::1

lX ,~O1l11'1' '1X1~ 1"l)lIlXtII1l1~1 .p1t11~ 011l~ X'~ 01X~ tII~l1 '1J'p~ ,,~ X1~ 'X~
lli':l.j;j' O'it7l'::lb lJN:iV '1)).1;,73 ,'~,)I:1 imj::J m;'7X:::l t:nOb 1bb 11"XiJ 0:1. '1VP N1;,ttJ "JO

01 o~m X'X ,11XJ 1X1Tlll p1 ll'X ~1 ~i"~ ;~i"~~
11)1~ .m1111 o"n

,til

0'~~1.l~ tII~l1 ~11 'on'

,til

1m, ~tl'?i',tII J~l.lJ lll"l!l'~

,X1~

~~1~~ Tl'l~Tl X1~X 1l'l~' .m~'x~ ~1l~

1nX? ,1111'~ .m~'x~ 91l~ '~111 1~'1~ nn m)l~1 ,m~,x~ nn TlX "~ll X1~ ~1l 01X~
111::1 ,91111.l~ ,ponx m1XTlll~ m'l1t11' m1mXtll.lJ )lJ111 1J1m
1111? ~J'XtIIJ 1X m~OX0J ~Tl'tIIX1 ]1)1 ]1J mtll~l~

,til ,

,,?:h T11l1n tII~l~

11.ll~ Tl'1nXJ ,mDTltll~n

m11.l~
74. "J1

,~Tn 0'1l7J 01'P? 1WlJ ,11.l1'~ .Tl~tl)l1l11TlJJm1'~O~ 1171J mn~m ~~tIIl.l~1 ,m1'~on
.1711' ~?111 Tlntl)ll.l' TlOl~l Tl"1I1lXn nn~ XJ~ 0'1)1J ,911' TlOl~l m1~ 1JtII
,1\"Y "101' 1;J1U

moo ,1\''1;; 'I? 1111).1\>1 ttlii'~

;;"\1\-,

.C"1i;"i ''ll\: ",'l\ :CJJ ;'il\1'! i139 ,1"'1)7;; ,7'Y7) 'rn~yni'll1!' ,lnT' :"11J'1i::l 'Jirc;: i1T l\t'1JJ

72

lb J"JD :1'::l0 mVl::7b1 ;"'Ii'Jl1 rlOJJJ ~';'1t:i ;"'I~tvJ'

73

.197 'b::7 ,O""n;'i 111\::1 "'~N:'V lmn"J ;i11'V;il .'.,.m1iJ lVl{ O'ii7X71
mi ,1i;'iJ"~10 pnx- '1 "!17 ,n:ll\1tti:i l\';"i C17v;"1 i11tl NpmW' p'J;n:l
1111,"111;"1" 'T,m' n"i:l;"111i'ti o:;r:;b mm ,'"Ji.J ",:J, 1)1i.)1";'17 "1Ji;1 m '110:) ,Cl'::Il\W'J j"7l\V ~7J7 'Ji'J,"l '1b~1

74

'1\ JW}1'1 111';" lim

,vn ~";' ;,iV;;;"'I p)l ':I 11;;1' ;"'InN 1~i~11 :;"1rm1' iiN1
,1W ;'71)' ;'inn 11'l:livn 71iSV11N1iw CVi.J ':J /ll1:l1O 1'11bV.'I"J''V 1)' '~;:::I;'i 111\;1

71

,tv n1'1"1.')71 nnlj7 ,111m;, 1mi'

1t,,'!)J:i

710 ;"1""11'.)"1 'Y"

.1'jiJi1 i!):D::l OJ j'1tl71:11i t10'Dn:1 :"I1J"!" ;0':110 1',l\tti i1lb'V1J' 11/\ ":i1Ji'! '3'11\" 1\1" ,,1"P7:i
H. Pedsva. 'The Deity as Place and Time and the Holy Place in Jewish Mysticism', in: :il1\1 ~'JJ 111t1'n<::i
N~;'i Ci7Vti rl1'iJ .B2, Kedar & RJ.Z. Werblowsky (eds.). Sacred Space: Shrine, City, Land (in press)

'i'

,7l{~1T::7
jn1::'1\t1 V,1'!:lj :i"!:lO 7:ht rnnm On"1i1.1',i:l:l ' TiJm;-; .;"17l{ 0'111\'1'1:1 110' m'!:lO ":I~Ti1:l
,lim inl'iO' ;ij:"l::l ,":1:1 Ci7V:i iNiTln '1\'111 "7 11i,':m;\ Vii'!)::: .mJ7n m'no, 'Tl1'U::ll (38 'j,W
;'it ":lJl ,'017:1' m;;ul,t,'!.:l

7" Tlmv i11i1Ci.J

7V

ln1'i'7

1m)l .111J1J:1':I TIN j?"im;-; '7:1 I'm

Ci7v7i 0T"':::: OT11':i::l 'J' :::l";7iiV pN 'i:nJ ;-i'i:m ,Ni'''' 110' m'DO 0;7 ;-;7::lP:i .h~C'N1:l :iii1i

N'

C17tmv
'017V'V

-nom 1:: 1::mj;j:i 017:tl:i1.J TI'i:m '0::11 '" mpnJ O'ON1b Om'ti::l1 YiNJ 1::1n7.:J
'n'1J J1N jN:::1 1i.5NV :'11,Jb Jli1 m1iJ p 'J 0'::V1;1 1':i ,Ql7'Z,';") Wi! JnJ 'J O""l1J1N O'7:l1ptoi1 m0'1 ... tlOJ
.'!'') ro "T11pnJ 1<:-li?~' ,1"Jbi:i V1i'!:l 7y 111\'J ','liEJDJ J"'.1 nyl p :11<:1,:11\7 7:JN .1':1:1;'1 JI;71 p1 017V
:lOiii'i111::l"f1Ti - ni';'j t,;lVi:1 'NTlJ't' rl:r.:;' 'i7.:Nb CD :iil\:.-'tl110',"i m'no?') il;;i .11'7 "1"'7 1"1;; r"J;;;;l
'11':;')')," ]:I 11::l:):::11 1J1j1.1

.191-143 ii':l' ,1[l".lllt',']1 SJt!! 1N::l 7\.:71'0 T11itl'J Oil1't.lj'J ,m:rn::,n ;'i'1D "J'::ri :linJ ,'m1iJ11lmN

591

(27

e-m rJ~ tl~"ni1 1bi 1"::1

,1'-"1::!';'1

o'on'

n:nYD

pi

i1r~ 'i"i,j~~P'i1 C'OiPil l1::li;;~

.ltliJi1::J i1}\,Jt:i '!l:;) ,rr't10'J'ji! iPl'rlil iiVj?i1::l 0), O'J1Ub 0"10'::1

;'i' sr

~'N: ,mlbil in}\,tt

PPlbill'Ji";'1i1'itl ;"1trnnn:l il':11 il'J'b i11177.'.l1PliJii'lO ilTY TPI'J'J!iiltlnnn

J1lil7~il O1ili1J .mrm ilJ11:li1jI;lTJ ~'P1J7 '1J'JDil
jm i1')I~1J~'

F' il1J,n

'::J .rrnnp o'ny,

P ~~11~1J 1J1l'J pmjli1 P11JJ

.1l1J1J

m'DO 11~ 1J10'D11J 11i1r'~0 pn~' '1 7~~ 01 ~DJ111J i17 1"J)I

75.i1EJ'pb:>

.'It'J J11P~1il '11J'1J 1lI11J'1II i1111)1J ,J1lP~1i1 p')l1J J1l)lmil ,~11)l '1 7111 111J1111 111'1J~J

i10'D111111~ ~7 'J O~ 0i1'7)11')lil7111'111 11'm'DO 11'11DO'ilil)l~1lIi17111 O'DJil O~ 17 il)l~1117
J1l1~01J O'D1l:l'~J 171:J 111117111 17~ 1111~~ . l" J)lil 7111 11'm i1 J1l)l1J1II1Ji1 11~ 0'~1J1J 0i1111
:l1J~J O')lDpi1 1i1~J .11'J1l:l7~1~'J il)l~1IIilJ illJnm1ll 11'm017'~
111JOil 11JO J7il r)lJ ilK'1m pJ1i1 ,11JJl i1~:J nn~
~J)lJ11J1

PI'J

7)1

~1i1111

n'X1Wl ;-;,'::JX:1 !\'i'l1

'o"'n 1'7.'.l 'J,::J 11N:::1' :.P11::l1
.1J(jl lJ17 ~'7~i1 O:Jnil ilKl
il7'7 0')lJl~1 01' 0')I:J1K '" 0)1 0111 W1' :l1JKJ;n 7)11
'i111111K7 0'7J1 7:J~ ~7 on7
il7.'.liL'Jii n::l pmn' iiT:l '::l
iiN:":l:l i1j?:liii:J, '::J

767D1IIi1 071)1i1 'm)l117 O'K~~i1 0'1IIn1i1"l:l:J11'

77 .m":l 0'1" ,1:lP '''N:'i~' 1nJ

"t1 rm

lJ"J:-J7 .'111bll7J 1'::1),;,7 ~1).ii 7'nv?Jl' 73;i1i':.t" ';'0 t",,'nJ ";'J~')O pnl' 'i
.46-40 n11l'Zl ,2 '~Y

"1'

':i '1!:l;lii ilD'1'J1:: tiY!l\" lN11:J' r:n FI';'V .,uy:: "Jn11

,pm:'"7 ;-)1']"

;"i'iii? •.• :JX1?J .i11J1>-')"J ;"l1,t;'1"J

1:l7 ;'J.jl1::n

1D::i tll1'!:) i'1Xi

75

';7'1' :0), iillZ,',11

76

1~K~ ,"'''1i1JJ1'O m ;"J11'V;"i 0'Vtl 7V i1T "11l\'n7 .::l")7 lD :i'i'l n::lt:i'.) ,XlT}' '17 11T'i:iXfi Vlt'!) ;'17m O;i'j'j ON
mnntJ ,;'iJ1r;i'i1 V!lJ;'i 71';';' ,i'\'"n-lJ crilJI\'''1 :11117;;1 .1' '~,;' ,;I"717n O'7C'l1' ,7~l7.,)V Pl\ ;''1111i1i'.J ,NO X

:-J7Yij 0l\i1;j,j Wt'!)J m{ "Dvm 11~' m: VJiJ 1'.:'i:11\:'KJi'

:{N"r~1J O;'il:1\ '1

:17n71 J",vn cr7C'1T ,11U"

i1l7':ll\u Pl"Jp;, ,l'm:!1t? 7J1 1'J"11lN:J11 07l:;7i1 J11l'U;; 7:l1:1 YJ7jJ Xl;; 1tlN:l1 ..• r1N: 'j)1/;lJ :')7 J1:)17 1111N

.ISS 'i.iy) '1ilJJ "Jb 1;,p;:nJi
.', ;111JrD Oit' '1::1" W'D:l1Vl\ OJn', iNJ 1mon"m .::l"Y 'i Tl1:J1:l men ,1\1TY '17 nl1)1\;; \:l11'!) Tll\1

/'1/\

,',':11\'

'W J:;7;):J mpJ'i1 nV:lilu 1\11Y "1 N"n·l::J O:iiJN ''1:'V:i1 il;-':'n::J .42 ,,1Y:i ,?';""

:1"Y ,n"l\l::J;"I :-D.C';";:"! nYJ ;;"nV1 ,!7'JII:J 1nl\ 11"7 .:1170Jn;':)

2/

,i11.r:ll'\;'1177::;:11

,IN1

,m'i',JV')',1 m"1')JD;"l;"1 "y:J

1 '~nnv' !Uvm.JJ D"V11' -1pmJ ,tl"'::'J7i 'i'.J'J n'11;'";"1 j1'!l10l7'DJ 'K11:; ' 'JJ ~'":;l\ n"1\"1' ,::D1 'V
.297 '1.J;;J 01"0,1' ,11.JNiJ;; ,:JJ C'JllL' mmp~J .302-281'tly ,;'l"/Jvn

,(1-))

77

78

11

o

'!

1

592

28]
i'lj~n, ~N:m ~~;"l '11),;' rlYJ:::lii ;iV::JJ;"l

1m'1n,

:17 C'1iV7 'l\j;:) ,mn 03.1

r:l7 top).;, r::l

j1i:tJill0'b:l:lIV ,n1W'1,n,iV '117'1" :l1iV

.n'1~\"m;"! :i''1:::l~' 'RJJi

Ii'itiij1,j;"l

i1''':;'~:i nnn~ii' .nrn

Nle lJI:' ,1nN 11:'peJ 79.11K r,"JNJ mYel mp;le 'I:' '11.1'1' lm'nJl1NJ Y'~11~e my;,
~"i1iV iYl01 iiXt:tl;"l JiU'lb 0;7 iin1,jiVJJ n.ni~j nx NiT;.1 'i j'ljl7;;

1

'"i1 :1'1i1' 'i nl\ t?tl'S1,j

8D:'i1i'l\i;) ;,rxt:l ;""i':"Ol\I:2il-t:lJI1;'fW C'll\'::lJii
,ilj'lNbil jj'lj'V::JON N'lj1 ,fI'1N:' 1:J'I

::1,,'W on,1,j

X, ;"iWb 'n"1 tl'W:1J:i ,:n

;,il1'l'\~ ;,rN:iV 1'0:';'1 .u :JnbiV' ON: ';:)
81, •• ;-m,j

;"'\T tln"y1,j'l,j CPi,nJ l:t,,'::l.J:1 Wi ;j:1i

:'''1111~OJ J11JI:' O"'JI:'1.1;' 11.11nN'Y N.1.1111
1:'~111~e 11Ne [l'l~ :'''.] 'l~'Y
82.'JI:'11.1e 11Ne lJ'J 11:'pll
9DpJ ;"1'11.1 nceu e7j~11 ;'~101"~ 11Pl~1.111NJ mp;le 11'Y1 Jl"I:" e1.1~11 Nl;' elYDp
83:N"n-1J Oe1JN '1 '1Jl1.1
O'lYe 11.111~l ~l;'I:'J l'One OJne 'Y O'tlJn 117j~

;'DI~ 'J1. 'JI~ 11'.Nl 1111.1Jn 1111.1 'l1tll:'~ ;"e11
lbXb trip,,? nJ1':JTlb 'Jl\ tni)l7::l'071U'J:11 ;,i;r':::lN:::l xpm o"''VpJ '1N:illl,y,1:'V Y1::ipll J't?1i.m p'JY?
.73-70 ')j:J ,C'Win 0'1':1'11 - ;"I7Jp ':"'N :mWiil ,T1~t:O'bii ;"I",1n::: i1"ONt?bJ m,.':rj'J 7;1 .,,!:?)
.I\"V i
•• ,j1i.J;vt, ~!I;:)

nnu lX' O'X':J)j1 '':> ,O..,'.!:))' 7:JpnnJ' 'Ji -

;1'b;J

I"

79

nn:rin mOb

,NiTY

n11J,l\;'i IVW::>

80

':i :pnr

jii'1' i!jO VY1'.!:) ;JiWli1

81

I"

.ll()9-108 'V ,5 'n'))
7:'::1\V 7'Jpbii Y~P' nm;;t1:Jl 'JVI1 "1";;V '!j:J ,1'1' 1\ ''I,)1\~ ,',n:;" 'conip!,)
rlpl.iti 11.) In:'::YJ cJ.,m N'P NiTy 'iV 1m' :mp 1\'N" ,;-:TX':lN1ND::l 1'''>' N,iY " ':J ni::Jti l'N 0'11\ .134 'n;;
"JYt', ""J!l?Y 'in 'V1\ !tr'J."bt'l "l\jil tiNl:JJ;11,i lV!l):J'ti iW/\ 'JVm,i "l\ji! :11J'r, pI'{OU'11:11 .'JiY;1
Y j1!l1,1 ::ll~::li 7::ljib p'11,i
,,::lO, ~UJ ti:> l'XV 'J!jiJ'l' :7N'iry 'i '11\ ":lpUjI y~Pjl cy mlIDj1;

nn:..x;'l Vii'.!:l ,7j\'iiY "

82

rl'{

'r1\V :Jl0jl, Pl11iJ:lilN:110 ni.1:1", l'D110.", 'Jp" ,71'10" Jit" n.:> ;'1J 1m' 01\1 /1':';'11'.: 'VD.1fl p,nc-jI

,(34 'bY) 'Vi!:lj1 pi::l 1:1 tli'::li1 ?::JIDibiii'N:1 jli'VP 1V::J,J iP:1m ,ilY'V
't:pJ O":l1;"1 n1\ N1t~V 1':JVTl'V Xl;'1 N"n~1JJ 1'1'1;);'1 '1;'1'i ,/\"y 1 I11:JiJ l'l::JDb ,NiiY '" mi:"Ni'! Vn'!j
lJl1;J:1 V::JJi111').;"1'i100J N"n~1:J 0;'1::ll{ " '1:11 1,'1{1 .r 14 '~)J ,Il11,1\ii Vli'!l) 71{'iiY 'i 7;;l>:ID ":1Pi.J:1
Ib"pm:Ji i'3"t11b miD) lni'.i::m 11iO lnijVJ ,1',it: C;,y,1 F~ ".!:lJ ln1W:J :"Cnti1 o::Jn",y 11bI{1' ::i'N 0;'

~'''J'' C"YF'I'N" '.!:lVjI 071;;jI 10 ;pr1 ;-1'7'\1'\ ,;'1i<! 071'1;'1':li1:1 nON1t ;11'1':1111 ;"l,on l"b1,O'P jlm1:.:::l
n'b'1)1 iUiJb ;n1~) ,1:nn ;'1:J11'1:1 ;"IN::1 ji1;mp;-: ;'i,.,D;"I ;'1Wt;,Y i1ii3';"1 'N n;;,,1J1 ,;"ID7') "'~' 7::JI.) 117~'::n
";) :1N'Jt'l '::i:J WVJ rn "')'V C71N ,';";1~'7

'.,i'3:' lN"J :1rlV W1i;; /,

.(49 '~,.) ','on;; OJn;,

n,yn 1\:'ii rlln

i1;£;;V 1iiJ/\1' :41 '/.);7 ,CC' :iil{i ;iI{"n~i:l C;;i::l\ 'i7!~ 11N::l'lT.l;"l ;'10'OTl:: 1;"'11' :1i?iOY f"iO"Vi t1::n"1 :iJ.:l..,
'11;; M pT-n> .•. ',1"lN1i1 ,'i11t1 '7y pn~ ;",~ ,1';;1 :i:J1T1::l [l:JJ 11tn 11l\i11 ;;)1::111'Y m~1Y' :1Tl';'111NTr1
't'N cn:i:'"ll' :Cl:\ ;"InV7i .',';':1j1imii mn: ' .. '!1'ii:::l.;'1l1l\:;"I11li:J m:J,' .. ::lii'i:! W::17r.n'i

D'"pm7 iib1JiD:'i

rm:r nI7jl1'J...7) 1l1'N071;'; 'N:! ,::1;;::1 ct1:Jnn:n m'1!t'1 'J n;'iJii ;;lC11J;i t'11';"lP;; ;:1i3;; '''1 ,0'1j!l7;; 7Y:J
l :7::-;l\ ';'1111' rU1i'.iti

7Y :1l\:i ,inN'

l'1'JT.l' ,90 iii;;;; ,207 'b;J ,O"i17i iil\J ","/\ :0) :iN11 .(156 'by) 'D'D

1l'\ ,"'0 ;66 'bY ,O")JWr.) ' ,7l\iV' n:1rm:::l tJ''i;til' "pni.: ,"i'!:ti i!n) 7tv"'111iipt ir.m n"'Y:J7 ,'''~

.280-278 'OY' ,nn 7V

83

593

[29
ilbl1i':1i ililiitl:1 il.11"Yil ;1ilHi17H nY),1.11
I1'D71)/ nJ111D ml~J ,1J'XI

11/jD v'v1J/jn 'J 11)/ l1DNI
111'J7 01xn \7~J Jl\711\7 X7X lJ'~
~'7j~ Oi1'mi;IiXl ilr ':JinX 7"Ilm, rm
,~nn n~ ~7/jDn nlin lDJ

1~ J1X\7~ \7l1~~J i~111D ,11'Jn 1111J ,l1~n 1111J iU7

111m

\7~ln\7 11')/in ,1~J O~

111'J~117 .0'7J1V~ '~D XV111 1~71 I1'Jl07~IN'J n)/~\7n 11n11 0'1/jl)/n 0'~1017'~n

'J\7 lJ 0'\7/j\7/j\7 Xil)/ 'i '1'J\7 '7JV )/1' ON111/j - l1XJ 111il\7vn - n7~ 111il~~O/jl
~iT)/ 'i 7~~ i\7vl1tln ~\71tl) '\7".1 117mn ;~m ilX :O'/jiun N71 ,~m rm :O'/jil~n

'i 7:lN\7;'7'JVtlJ i\7Ntl i111' ~X iliJ\7 '~J ,~UJ nrn 111X7tl ;'\71i'~ (nl'Jl 11)/1 ,n~Jn7
'~J ,0'i'\7n i'\77 1\711'~7 ntl1v\7 XiTY 'i 7\7 mi'~'J iJJ J71\7 ilX;' 110'

84. 7X'iTY

lmJl - 1'111ilptl O\7J Jlp17 11X/j nJitl Xln 1nJ ;'7Jp 'l"J)/J 111Jl\7n 1'111Jl\711/j ;'71Y\7
:jJ1 yopn nl1~J XilY 'i JI1J 1~1 ,0"~1017'~ 0'~11~~ 1'\7il\7 'J nil1~ 1111Y lJ
1'7X TllIDi17- lJ/jtl i17YD71l1 ilX7 Ti~ ilX 7J
.1111'tl'J~ -1111p1 '~7 ilXl ilX 7J 'J

1"YtlJ 111n7X;' 'Itl'1 iJIl i1~1lI XilY 'i 7\7 i1~I\7mtl m n71)11JJ1')/1Pltl~ x'nlll i10'~117 1;'
85; i1J'~e'~

Y~llIi1 nx~

nDJni1 ilX

;'X1,J.Ji11

)/~llItl

1n'711l11p7 liJ7 - i1T>/ji11 i1im;'1
l'Ytli1 0i17 Mln~71
o"n ilP~ 0;'7 TllI~i171
(1 r '7\7~) 'P'1:llllXi7 nTJiJ' : i/jXl i1T 7Yl

(' ,17 'i111) 'l1X ;'Xi1 1l1XJ o"n ilP~ l~Y 'J' : i~Xl
nJl\7Xi n7'yn 1~ n7:lXJ;' ;'7Y/ji1 N'n

O"t1 'lP7~ ;'J'~'Xii1 ;'1:'y

;"l}\jpi

7J7 111v~non 0\711 it'lN
e-n l'JNlt'l Olll/jl
.1r.llli iX i1I1 J pil

,'ttl 1'1:1:;) m - 'l"x:n'

jJ~"Y :J7V '71::lii 'IX:l'~ l1iW':li11"1K:I 1::li'1J "::I ,rl" "1':1:1 -m,ltl nv ,";IN.''1:; 'i 7:l:l\. 0":11;'1ncu ;-11117;;

84

JWl.''i1 O1p~ 1:J'M'n)/' ~';'V i1tlVj;'l7Y 'Vi',) - N'i'JN Cj'i'I11'~'l\' 'll' '::l.mK "Ii.1;" 'ONe' rm' :;'11"Wi
.(14 ' iJ;; ,m1).l\" itTll"!)) 'l"';'1 i"1X X7i'Ji'J,1 nni11i'J::l ,"N71.JN C:i'n1i:;iNl" :1' ""InN l\7K '1)'
.J61-160'tiy ,;"IVinil11;l11 ,00'7v :Tln::l

85

::l.'' '

it"

30]

594

10,11"1;"1 ~,m"

'::;'

lim,~ /0;'1,1 l{~ii nn~ii nn~n;,

,V""1ii' ::J.liV' "iX,

m iiVi'j'J:l; 0:-

.nn'DO;; 'X n111n<1 ;;'1)7DJ"J 'Jm~ rX 'Jl ,mm~;; 'b"pb' lX O'''Dm~,
.nvn

)1'p)7 'n'JJ 1m'1JJ - X'l)7 " 'V In"~' 'V onp;; J'VJ ml'1 1pbm ;;J 1)7

'1J)7J .n'Dlol"D;; m'DO;; 1b OJ JX1V;; ,'lXJ mpJ1n )1'P)7Jl ,pm' " n'Jpb JX1V;;
X-,l)7 " nx

,xn,

o"plm

1"'JnV

9X .o','vn

,'J'pV m'10b '01b:l 'Jlpb;; ,1:1 1'D1X

P

"V,

X'I)7 " ,1:1 1I:1n'DJ 1")7' ;;n)7

rnJ;;, 01Pl~ 1:1' ,'1)7u"n'Jl1'1JI:I' 'Jlp1J:l

,'nJ')7n, .)711)711 JJ1)7 ,1:1 m'Jl~'p ml:lmn l;;J V'I:I rrrrn m'lm, ,nn csn ;;'XI:I;; p,
OX 'IX ,n,xJ nnln ,1:1 1b1'P' ;;X"D~ m1)7 ClI:IU 0','1:11

"V, X'l)7 " 'V lVn'DJ V'

irJn, ,n".JlV'~ m'n:l7j .ii":1I" iiJ"~rv;'1 on" '1X'l1"l 1111:2 111::2, t:l'lI';j;'Hi ,l11.J"37:1 111ib',) 1;"1
j'U'::l~ii iio",m :l:r'i'iVii ,"tV lVi"!:)' m'ON:'i'ii J11V'j,;"l 'TliV
ilW:l r'JY~ :\1i"b

,tv

.(7Xi11 IV!:)J;') n"X11"""'J"x~n.,t:Io"?;j ;'.'ll::l?~ii ;,v""m (ii/ :1pm 'XiiV" 110J::l) rl':;10''''1t!O'i!
1

0'1)7~ ;;X,JJ 1';; X, ,;;"Ol:l;; mJX '1U

,"In nx ;;p'n)7;; n)7J 1l"DXI:I ,;;'X ml:l'J 'nv

m,mO:l9X lX m'1JlJ 1,xn, n"tll;; 'pm~J o'n)7' n1:l'lV 9X ,1m 11 j'tl1,n, m'1J1U
C"':l1l'bii

,tV t::r"'1Vii "V' "iV,,':;J nx iNn, m:1'' o.:l;'1 "::n, 0), O""?~l'\ 0",::1101 •1T liN 11
86.n'x m',utli?:J
,;;"Jpnl

,,::l::l;"l

nn'tti

87. 'XJ

plJ1' l'Dnn 'JlpUn 'V 1J' n"u;; 11J:ln n"u;; llnU n)7UVl n1Dl:ln lX

nIX nlV' OJbN l'tiT;; '''1 ,O"'W:1 "ttl W"':i::J. ,:; ,'J1i,,::lO

lJJ1' ll' ,111;;1 t'11JJ;;') ;;l'Jl:ln 'on' nll 1"1ll'nJ O'b)7DU;; !:l'Ul~)7n Jlwnl mpplnl:lnn
)b ;;U:lJ )1')7 .'x, on'J 'Jlpb;; ,1:1 lVDlJ ;;'X:l ml:lmn ,1:1 "Jpb;; OlJl'p 1"1'1:1 ',JU
m1Jll;; 1:11"DJ 11:1b'I:IV 0'1nll !:l'J'tllb ':l ;;')71J ,;;,nJ n'I:I'x ;;b'll;;J n1:l'lV ,nn'bll;;
,1:1 rm rrurnrru ;;'1I:1P 1:11p;; nn

recm ;;p'l)7UV n'mn ;1ll:l 9ll O"l~U

X'l)7 " ,1:1

: JJ1)7;; nl:llnnJl 01ll;;
- mp'l:IlU 'Jpl:l'
m')7m, pplnl:lb:l ;;ll~nu;; 11J:l;; "J1
11'U1 l' r~ 'l:Ill 11")7;; '1~J '1~'

PJ 1;;'

...11')7,1 ;;Jl:lm~J ;;'1)71
!:l"n,1 '1pbJ ;;Ul:Il;; n1p'J1 Jll)7n, ,I:IU ;;p'I:IJ;;1
'Jwnn ':Hj'"V 1ij1N' Otrl ,G. Scholer». Major Trends ill Jewish Mysticism, New York 1961 3, P. 226 :r~))

1!:!1N':l ,iti)l'1J' Il1'a1;},i,ili'V;' ,lJ'~:"li ,Vm;'ii ?X<l 1':1 n'V~l1J Cl'1'V<l1'1O IlN'iV1'!:! 1\7

86

C'lY'O 0":l11't",

,111\1 nnw' .11!':l: ',:n1'o ,;tl\ m1WN" Il'!J;t; ii r;;/J ;'1;;!JiIl 'J1 ,"tlO'/J;"; "n'l\' 1'1;"; iiX'n:J ~'i),'7l\
i10~n ,;;J mm ;'1'l);;'1JN 0,11:::l/\ 'i 7Y W':l:i;"l:l. ;'1;l"i'i1 Il/\ J'n1/J ,206 '0))'

POlY Nii:\i 'i

710 1Vi"!J

';"1

,C'v1n O'O:1Yl -

ji7Jp ,7nt

m,C' oy P1;t;; "7;' 1l)1N:l. ':J O':JOi.j /\i;1 mn 0))' .111m;:;, rn :t1on 0'V1":;)'

mVb ,':Jllm" ;;'1i1V;'11 .1111' ::1J11iJ )011\::1/\111'7 V' iO~;; i'\1ry 'i nt': ~N

,'m::l;'1'

.":;)'0'11\.,/:) 0:::1';;:;

JS"1-::cn 'bY ,i:iiiil
0'11:97 lr~o1V "!J:J ,V!))' i't',~i111i::lJ' ii,m::·:ll',J1J
l'jl\ IV'1 ;),"::lVi ?::n\

7Vb7

!Om'v 1l':J V'

,D"J':liPi'J'u C'Oi'!J::ll r-rco

'/:n

"1;0\ ':J 0:1" ,111;";" ))":n '2);) 1.I""lli'iV:i

':17 nee- ;0 ,TO ';'in iUJl O'~T;jn 'P'D:!

."7;; ;J'ni1 'ii ?'Ji71j O"WD 'i 11X ~'01t1?

87

595

[31
•• •117111':1

n),

T1n01n1

n!!Oini ii:lTVb;"l n':lpi.i ,';;:1'01 ru-o 7:J':;'
88 .~i:i;'

n~ii

'1ilti11 P1rl~i1 "Xil17:l

'1~~ I11P~':1 11')/' 'J 11:l11 1J'~ ~1:1 .0"lmn0:1 1'l11,1pIJ7 O:1"T1IJ 1J'N N,I)/ " :11)/~p~
M 'T1'n p ":1~:1 :1~117 ,0','117:1 ,'1tI1V1,'n7 m.npn~ 071N ,1n1177J 'n1017'~ ,1pIJJ '11Vp
" ttI"Jj~ ,(I1't?'lJl'Jjil~~t?~il ;'~"j.m 1011':;'iiiiVYrJ 0:;)1 n~ ilJiJjIj;"t 1,r-urJ' rr Jiii'YiT 111it7'),

0:11/1 0'1"1l/ IV' ~7~ ,7IJOJ 1~ ~1/I~J 0"'1/1:1 "IVJ n7IJ1 n7IJ 7J ,~J7 j'N 'J N'll/
;'O'IJJn' 7)/ J11V llJT10IJ N1:1 rn ,17p;;J 89.0"'W7N
...nIJ171;; rnp~'7 7iVIJ ;;1"171;;1
1~ 7iVIJ;; '171'7 '1:1'~' ,IJ171,l1;;

9D.'11;; 'IJJnIJ 1nN 1,~OJ ~1T1J7 0"P;;1/I1IJJ
T17~PIJIV ;;)/17 ,1171Nm ;;nIJ17;; ,~11)/;; 0;; ;;'J',;1.117 ~lIJ-m1IJT1 T1WlIJ 17;;71V rn'11V;;

:'iViPii mi n!!OiJj' ~'i1 ~,,;, ,mi1'~7i 1,71b Y'~'Vi1 n~ iO:J.Jil

t7jP;'

rm 11£10111;' ~'il ilMJjtrlil -

ililbll7J1i'i").J

;;"Jp;; 717 rnIJ17 ~"l/7
;;1J1N 11177IJ - ;;,'Jll
91.M'i 1i~Jil::1 jlJje'Jil

"'Jym

;;n;;IJ;; ~Op~J O~ '1;;17 :N1;; ,J1 N7;; ,rn1J'p,! 1111J)/ OlnT1IJ 0'nl1IJ7 rn17"';;;; rn'IJ7

rrrru

;'1::J

n10n"n;, OJbX .nntlitm rrr-r n?':ni'j;"l X';'i 'n':Jiii';, ,1"1;' ':;7 x:m~-n"pJ

,1V'1~IJJ ,nN 01PIJ 0117J T1NlIJ1 ;;1'~ (rn'~N;; 171,'nJ) 017 1J'lIJiV 1IJJ ';;,Jl:1';; 1"J)/7

.tam '0:; ,l\1TY'"
mp!:'mo;'l "Vb rn 7::1 -

lPlOX' :).'PTl'tlYJ 7'007 ,1'1"U."'N;"'J ;,1l11t:lJ

O~-l"v;"l ,~v 11711'::1

vnn'V?,J Xl71 m:mp 0'1'1Y'

,Cl1;Jl\l

88

89

.'IF'Y;') 111\;'1

m1;l;m;'1 ,P17y pN :lp:l" p. ;'1,,;" P l01" '11 l'JPY px l'jOl' '1' ,X"j i"!l .x-n O':n::1:1 ;"I11!J :f111t!lii .en 1i:J)l 90
.27-25'OY ,(1":JVJ1;1 0"'1:711' ,]'p7,' 'OliN rrmnn ,C""'V0 TV' on'~ :1111::1 ,mil~tm m;;:I1j1l m110;J
'~:l ;"iJ1Jl.i ,"lI x"

''':lp :i1li'J ~N:'J

,(62 'OY ,O"O'1i CPOJ';'1 ,,1?Jpl Wm,,'/\ .m on'l:l1{~tlJ ri7 0,"1'0:1

I1J10 Klly '1 'J ':-lJnJ~il n'.:io.:n rrmn rn '17Jh:i.J:J •my p1::i:lIl .C'1m C't:i:!)

1:1' 11'~v "7:0 'CJrl' l\1iY',

'o:Jn' ,'1pno '1JJIi' /o'o:m' -r-in n)J O'.:il:;JtJ O"DiOl':"::lil':n n":)io"'::l m'D:l7V rnrn

'v

JI1.rnJ

pm:JlVnJ DY,':J? ,onV' P':i

nx

/\77 von OYb:J ,'o""Jvn' -

rlVin:l Otn7

11l\b

,">J"
j"i'bJ P' - "'::>1\1 ,'i11.1
'71N "J (CV) n'}\ iYVb ,011'0 'Jb ,]l1Jtl JJlvI'J:J .('ilV11i ;'i11YTl' :l1l~l\i'J:J cl1;1v 1U0\!1t7J 1'7X In'VJ?O
111:117 ,N'T;; '1 10O.:i j1'7;7V n'::l,o"'~j1 mi~O;'
i1:Jli1J,
,7::n{ ;11::1'11 ]Jx 7X1bV 'iJ 12110;'1

m7Nv7

,"n7J "lY7 C"lVY ,11ltJ

'V

mp:n;1

TlO'Dn

nov.,

OllJ

m:mv

O'iVp;'J1 '17:01

milO::!N 7;;'0 ,i1)1"Ji 1Jl'i O;'IJ}\ 'i 1'Oil;' 7'0 O"i'1.'Jiji'\ti' 7Y "Jl\;"'l111J'n

.( 184 ,t03

,n'::n3:il

miE:lO;'1

n,l\v FIJ1 rn::lOU m'nV!:lN 7V

m1y;'1

,11;1;17)

11., ',mn ;l'J:i;'i m1"v

.1:Jn--i'!!:lrI 'bY ,Xii:; 'i7 c·"\ti';"'l i'V Vl1'~

91

32]

596

'tV'i~~:l mJ~~J:!7~l1 Ji1~MIOrp~n;"lii nn~ .jm~ tl~nb' ,r:riMX mmpb j'll'\;"

;"i~li.VY N:'l:1l:!71l'\

: ~'li1 ttj'lt':i j"\t.'

m~7;1~ m:l11i' ~~ ,'~m, ~,~ m:l7;1~ m'W)7 ')7 ~~'~~1
'1,~m 1)7))7' :~'T1~1

fiiU1ip l1tv, i1::l

i'::Jm, 1'i'1'tti :1=',:1:1 l\'lii i1':J iii:1
;''lil71ip:i l{'ii i1i1bii nJ't7,:i ';'
92 .1'1:m ,~~

rn P)7~ ll'~'~ l=~l

I:P~t"l'l t1'P"~

i';"i:Jil

"l\:117~

ox pi 1:::J. pN:

tl:l.'l::lO iir'l;'in n1it?y1
93iibtti.lii i1N: ,;; ii£ni1

~1~~ 'm"~ ~1l)7m ')71
~,,~ 1'>' 1'~ lW~ 0)7~~ ')71
.t:l''l1'lb1i;' O'l'li1:i Oi1 'l:J - "'1n:1 1 :i1j~

,tv'Pii mi IH'01n
94

~'l;j ;-ini,jW';'1 - 'fi::l rmtt'x 'l:Jjt\'

.ii1::w:rJ p:nfl i'lj'l:iiVi11'li

nN:~i1i

1")7 1II1i'~ rm ~lW' - l'IIIY))~ 'n nllW'
95.Tl1i':JO ,1I1'li,j i~,ym 111:;)11.)1

",:i

Xl;' ':1

710~))71 ~"Y7;17111117;1 ~~'lIIn, l1Jl1'l~ T1'm~ ~'l1n= 1:l'1II~ 11'1~ .11 ~11i'l m~=~, 1~~ 117
.11~l17l~7;1' 1"lY ~1~ ~'1)7 '1 '1II1l1='T1~~ ~m~

~,'~m T'~l1= 0'7;1~ T1)7~l~ 11'11n1 '17;1'1 '1II1:lT11'1~17;1 T1111nl17;1 '''~''0i'~~ 01D1~ 11')7~ 1))
'1II0T1~'1~= 1l( )"Y7l n)7'~l= nmm~ n'lIIl(l~ m,'~~~ 11l('n, 7'~P7l m 11~'n .n'~'~l~

11l1)) ~l(~~ ,11'~1~l~ ~"Dm I:l~ 1~1 ,T117"11~ 71111m~ ~lIIY))' l('~ ~~'lJ~ 1~ T11"~~~ .0'))
.ftl'pn

'1:l91'Tii'Jj?;r 'v i'nnb O~'j"iW1jl O'i"m u.l\1' ::i"VTii

.tl:pl1 'n;; ,1i113"b

;'''''''1n ,ou,'

O'p1:;' 't.:l',1UNl 'l:J.'nTi :1111:1 ,';'1!l'ltiji' 1>:11 ,il\VUi iii ,JIm lzrn;.:l ~·U'1·T1vn:rt' ,1J11Nii fi'VTi" :iilV'ii

.(;"Iii':;;) O'p'l:;)

nil 1'1D011'1 Xiii',/) ;m~'v

:1':i7) 28-22 'b:Y ,r"Jn"ii rrrmc

'l:; ?ON i1lQ 7Y:n.: rrrepn 7:m' :7"tn'l!);j

92
93

,(104 :-11;;:1 ,17:-17,iKlj':-iii71:l:l

.~?rl 'b7 ,l\li:;

'-I?

0'1"'2J~ ··.t.ID '1"1""1'!)
i'j/n '1:;;"') 'Vlp:i

94

,'pr, 'bY .os-

95

597

[33

1:1'1.)111.' '1n'~' mpp1nV;'I;'I ,m~'N;'I ,~ ;'111m l11PP1!W;;'I :'Wl i1~t .1J ;'I':li1Dl tli~;;
i1'7i1;'iW nY::l liijl~Jn ~i'j';1)77:jj';1 m;"~i1 m~'in ltl1X7 ;11j"iVb ;',::lPi1:l 11':11'0 ,O""::Jbi1
'J1V~") 'VI:li1J'V;;J 'l)lU 11'))1111;' 0'7;);) ;'IJ1)1'DVl i11"1N~ Imll ,<l'lJ)lU' .;'i11'7'~~

,NiT;; 'i ,11iU-';'O pn'1~ 'i :OJK::lllrlJl m,"':i: 0"7:11';' cp:tm? ;'iP'!

c;', i1T1'i1iV O'7::J.1Pt1il

;;11 p 'V~ '1 ,7~'lJ)I "

~~ ,lJ)lb ;'IlliV1D1~J .]"Jl.ll;'1 ~~ 1:1'101.) jJl7;)Jl ,i1VV jJ Jp)l' "

;;'I,'J;'I ]V1V7;) ~J;'I ~Ol' '1 71~1 ;'I7'lJP"~ ~01' '1 71~:1J ~1V1l )I'~ltl ,'l~tl ni11~tl ~1;";)

X~l'~' .O'bni nn'i'.J J"' nO'£ln:l f'r;,l'\ iV!' ilC'V Xlii - i!11ii i:iO' ;,m1,J- jj'~ O"Jt:! ~:U\
0'l1)7;);' 1:I'7Jlptl 1111'1' 7iV .1Kb rum niVpJ O'tl i1)1'JlJ 1117':;:~;' 11')11 ;'7mtl :1JJ
'11'\'11

xn 1n1"b:l 1"JYb .:lm l~Y

Ibi

pn3" I-n

96. r';Jbii

;i17.) iP!iY7':H< Oi1'J~ " ii,J;' /O"Xl.:lJ'

inli1:J 'Xii Y"nlb crt:' , "'1'i'i::1;' inO::l, l"l':"'3~il

1'V7 'iVll'~J 1")ltl7 ~lt)l '1 P'l)l7;)V J1'iV'7V;'I ;'Itl'p;'lJ '1)1U;'I ~V1l;'l xrr rn ~iV'l
n~

ll'{:ll\'.::n·n ,n:> pi!) :1,'1'\ 73' n10,'bn im':J. ;"in' iiitl" -rm
I

.l'\tl1:l, itlli'Oii

':m, ,O'i'V:l

1~) 11l1P1.l1'~ ;'I)I'JD i117':;:~;'1 J1'V~1J' O'tl) 111;'171<:J 1111' 1:17V;'I j1";'1 pv ,;'I~10' ;'IV~'
9J:~'J)I '1 JI11;) .1n~ I:Ilp7;)J 1J P'O)l' 'l~ ;'Inpll1
1l O)ltl 7m 1'1~ : 1tl~1
O1J1nll:l1nO ;'I~PiV;'I;' lllltl ~~J;' ,nl lm~ 1'PI.l ;";'11m7 ;'~'1
;,tl)m J11J'i1l 7)1 7iVtl;,

7:J'~V '1J 1')10 !\':mn C'IJ i'~i1l\ "V.1N ./{:m lb1- m1N "0;;j17 y:m C)"i',) )"YO t:r ONny" j"'i i;lJJ n'J.Vi1'
,n"?t:Jn C'7VTP ,lwln1~ :21;'1 mn;lO) 1";";::Iii 1!:l0' ... tP'ii o~o ;;::IU r,;o 1':'11;"11 -en ,j"!\J1 O'''pn;l?

96

1'0

li'pn D'tl1 '2!:l1 1;'i::l1 rtn F1J J:ln'l ppn - mil;) C'W' ;;")"3" 1;:)0 lint: 0.'\ 1":11." I"JY1jl .(J'-?C '1j;l ,XJ
~,tr'JjJ ,;'Ii'I" 1::l07 l"::IOTI Vl1'.!:) ;i!j<I;1'

m'~'J'!:)

7S' 11jl\;j:l

.r ;'1JVO

,1 P1::JI'i'!J'ryo 1't::;, p:;,o

;r1j1n F"J j:!'xn ;'i),11Y 1'1:1:1

.(405-404 't:y) 'o"n 1'pw lVuJ J1Vl1111 P'w,"11VuiiJ' ;'r;;O;llVuJ 11Y' :1nn;-r

'J "on:rrvn ;'lnilt "'7.:1 xm'J

em Ji'lN'.:IJ 7Vl/j ;m/\" 11O:-:i,1 O')!),1 'J.il' 'O')Di'!l"

;")vyo 111'C:lJ1

':mn fiU'

,y1' ;Q'l':sm UN ;'i11n;,

110:l Q'fi:Jl O'::l71;' 0"'.:1 1:1' 1"fi O'::l,m C'7r;:;.>i 'Jl ,,;n:~7 0'

tr
::rm:.'JJ.111";;.1 cnrrt 11.'1' :101'0 n''Vl'\1J
,01'''' 7:ffi 'OD', "T.1 m"pt:i1 ':V .(416 'oy) 'VJ';"I p" 7fi ;'10::ln;'111pnO YJlJi'!

.{412 't:Yl

l'yn fi1;'11"U" ...'m'l;J;'1 Oile' nll1J11; )X,:I' l'MI';'i 01::m?y
n11!:lO Jill'lnJ O'i'I!:l

,!iIU'11 1111':10) trii'i1

,pv

'D:l11l\'7 "

irvn "

:'1ti'YJ1 r;;1:J;'llV1:J) 11Y' :',:117 ;'1JVlini1 T1::l'!J;'l

?"$l{

7TV

1nn

rn '1tl':l

.(r"in-D"D1li) 1 ,IDO Jj'lj?

1VpilJ ,(O"'Vn O'7V11'

c:n,'x

,i1,::::PjJ

Dl!:ll ,1911 )11)1'

imv 10:>' ;j11'::;'1 T'V1V1.) fi:::"l'101" 'i .( 118 'ny) , ... ]"J)7;' CP'V,17 'lP;'1 um::: yY1Jn1Jfil;'1V 11J1 "ii" '~N
l1ii1);'.j rJV1.1j Cl"i.:mpFi C';:)JYi1 7J 11>,:17,)' l"'nii/j iJb1:JlQnnJil H1m nnt: ),", O'l\;:l'lJ1::;1:)l 'Vfii m<1 11'7jl
m"0"'1::l'J1l\ ,i1Op11 1l\lm 1i7Jp !:I'll' ,il1::;/ ,;): )?jY ,1'1\0 ',l;J Jl1"11;,))';j ,nll:i'!'j;j 'i-'YD "1DD ,'ni111 ),'t,
.1 J6 ;'ifY;" 1100: T,n7 ;'1J,1Ji1Xm;rJ:n X1!J0 Tt;. iiY':;;)1l:>Ti ii01),' l'iJ"JyiJ ilt;."J.?'O N'I'i', ,1974 ,O"1JiJ
'ijJJVl\ 017'0 P 1']01' '''1 ,~x .{40 'OY) 'iIiOJt1 C'ui1i"ilJ 1'Y1.1' :'1""J,1 IV1.1Vb (O'ZI) pfi""1 i1',tib '1 '~l\
-111::1 rJYl

7J'

.11''7y 1n:11J 111::ll\':"1 ,"f?:l:Jn;'il m"Yi1 n7'yi.J

Y'Di:.'tJ l\1iiV ii::li:l XIP)

P',y

1i1::l1

-i'ytJ : t:r"l,':Y!l

"t ,11:70;l: .J":ltOn C'7V1i' ,C'Vi!J7:J 0;; ;'1i'1' 1!J0

111::11J K1,1

11'7Y 1nJ o1Jt1'

,1Jl"Yi"\ fU1:J71

,tJ ;')JVb N p1D

:JJ1'X' iDO Vl1'!):

n":-:;n ;,:tp

7Y V1i'!)

llV71.1 YDIV 'jJ"

;'0;'1:); iVl\ 7::l" 0'07lYil

.'VUl\;'Iln:l:: '1::1;'1 n;lDlj') 1'7;'1]'7 ml'DOi1'V;-n 111\"11 '1'Vlp ~O,'

,1":l7.J'1;'1 7~l\ 1T ;TV'" il:Jm 01 mrVFi .'Dn ,:mn 'OY ,:J"n 1"::.11.11 ':m ,tiii;.t '''''' O'I''Vii 1'1!r' tT1'!J :1"Y

.3-fiD'tJY ,7:111YV ml';'!.i ,x"n j"J1.11'JJ1;:) :llm ,iiJ ::I1'X7 lV,1'!J:

97

34]

598

0'j71t?J;' 0'11~;'111JJ7;' '~j7 mpllm7 01PlJ r~111'1 r~l
'1~J m';'7 'lX1 ;";,1:7 01PlJlJ7nJ 1'1~ r~l

;'IlJn ~';' 'l'1~ 11~1' 1;' j711';' 0'1~7 1lJN'1...
jll/:lP:"1

?lZ! '::lit! nib N:~;'t.V

;'Il:m;, 1'm 7~~ll ~3'1 ~~lJJ 7J;'1
PD~;' r~J
Om~3111

'1'lJ1111Jl1lJ1

;,JlJlJ 'J 11Jj7Jl

Omp~l1D;'

1P'j7 01:71l1

0117~1:7 ~';' l1n~
Om1~11 7J ;''1~J1

;'lJ'J~ I:7'1P 7J';' '1'1nJ ~J71 m7)1m7
;''ij~nil 'i:l::lJ. ~J."Y'ij'ij O~'ij :l~t.V"

7J1PlJ" ,~'J171PlJ0;'1J~ '17 J1t? 01:7 1m '0 71:7111n~;, 1p7nJ ;'7J~J ;'7J~ ;')I'~lJ~ 11 ;'J~'P<1

1n1JlIl'~ 11~ O;"J~ " flJ'~ <1~1J;' '~J

.mmn jntJ~i

99 .<1J17~'J

Tit{ ;'J.'VJ1 IVJ'i!:i~:1 Ct:i:1 m'll:J'~

T

nt\

'~'117 J1'p '1~07 )1";'1:7 'llJit'~

11::1 ll7".:t.i;-;i!7 "i:J 1ln, 1~'i1i Ii

7111 it

:I11J1J;' ;,it'1';' 910J 0;'1J~ '1 9'01lJ1:7 0'7lJ;' mJ11:7n 1JJ"J)l7
;'lJJn;, l'1lJ ~~'1 ~~lJl 7J;'1
po~n r~J

'1'lln Oit' l'JnlJ1

Om~31n nllJlJ

omp~non

'J 11Jj7J1

'i")1 01lllJ1

0117~it' ~';' nn~

Om1~11 7J rrun

on'7Jl1 ')1 ~J71 m7)1m71 m7)17
nlJ'l~ it',p;, 7~ ~J71

l11J:lJ;' 01JJn;, 'r)llJlJ O'lJ J1~it'71
TPiP"Y' 11"'''b1'l

l{'jl

iWl\:

po~n '7J 111lJ1)1 ;,n711 nJO '7J
1111l'lJ n1~ 1'117 0'7,1111llJ7 i"~on7
11'7)1<1 11J3lJ J1~1:77 1'71)11

,1')'7' :17it7) 4S 'OY
0:1

,t1":liU1'l tJ'r?Vi1' C1?'7I Dun

i:m i1:n7:n::J::l 7"::'11 :no ov "

ii'?'OWP:J

,"Jp"

7"llI'D)X;'l 'iJ"

,ii;;"V;'i mJ:m 'ill ,1'.1'7' 'N' :1'111::2

?V i1:l;;Q .(m~::lji

i1iYiO

ilNi) NII :JVi j1

,:1D Clti' 1T1::l :r~ll
.lii'?Jp;'i hb:Jn ':1:1

n:nwnn 1:1N: O'i7:J7 "p

?Y

111\'n 1\1;'l1 inN: iVpilJ ,(224 ''Q;J ,tl'Vin O'DJ'ri - ii7::pl 'TN 71/\
.il.m:li1jiDiiiTl:l

98
99

599

[35

;"I:nl '1.11';1.1

l1i'nlN

''1:

o"n

0'1.11n1C';"I )1"J/m

il:lU'i:;ji'! il:1"nil p~ n}\~"il iI:lOi1 N'il
n1'n;"l

p

m',1nl.1 /\'01 0;"11

11.1'1)7 n1X'~ll K'~m~ OVlll

11.1/\ 11Jn'1 ;"I'J/n' lll\\' 1"11'1
lJ/1/\m

lP,nC'

'I'

n1'X1Jl n1'lm 01mC' nl1J/ ll'1'J 1" 1C'X ,111'OpX O;"l,JX '1V ,1"lJ/1.1

'1 '10 0'1J1 On1X 1C'l1'n 11TIJ J7C'I.1 ,(n'/\lJl1'n'

n,'nn

J~7~1.1 "1J;"I') 1("'Jl.1lnJ

O;"l"J/ '\\,Xl ,;"Illlll 1J/\\\'J1 n1:1,/\' lnJ'C'J 'l/11';"I 01X;"I' nl/un, 0; XJn';"IJ 0'm11:1 X'Il/
.;"Ill1';J 0'7J1pl.1;"1 'llC'/\1 1"nmC' n'J/nnl.1;"1"n'/\lJl;"l ;"I,'nn:1 mOl'l.1

nOl~:1"n'JJ 1lll/ /\1;"1 ;1'111;"1 OC'J ;"I11C'p :1n';"I lnlXJJn:1 ,1l11J/\ " 7J/ll' 1n10ll\\, 'n~

p, ;"I"X"J11.1;"1 ;"I1C'~;"I;"I1";"In1

;"I'lln;"l 'n1/\

p

;"Ill/\m

po 1"

. ]11X;"I11.1 X~' 'lP:11 1'111

ql1/\l ;"1'1.1 :n1l/ll\\'ll ,n~J) ;"IJ'n01 01';"1 :/\11l/ '1 '1:11 'J/17~X O'nOll:1 0'1m'l.1;"1 O"lD'J:1
.0'1.1;"1 O'l/nlC' :1llll.1C'
Xl~1.171n'l ,mlllJ\\, O'Jn~J ;"I'l\\'P;"l ,n'nl~;"I n'11;"1';"1 ;"Ip'DO'llJC' n1X1;"17 ;"IOlX 1C'll:1J

7)7nnll;"l"'X1Jl:1 11J,;"I 0.1 nx n',17Ullun ;"Il'nJI.1 n1ll/\1n:1 11Xll n1l"ll/ll n17'JPI.1
.'l17XDXP;"l '11nO;"l 'J1Pll;"l ,X11)7 '1 1x'nC'

'I'

71'1 X11)7 ',,1' m1,X:1 C'11'nJ 7'JPI.1J 0')7'n1ll:1 1"ll/ 'J"l 0'1J1J )1'1J ;"i11llXl.11lnnn
/0'1J1' nJll.1J 'ln~ C'lll'C' ll'ln,\\, ;"17)71.1 DOpD;"I

p1p111.1 mn'l ,~ ,U'X1;"1 •'X'11l/ "

1pnllJ mJ' DtmrC' )7Dp ,~ ,U/\1ll •'X1Jl 0,17.1 ;"I7'nn 71' ;"Ill7C' ;"Io'nn mnn0I.11'11nX7.1C'
1/\ ;"Illp'n 0\\'7 m;"l7X;"I7)7 01X;"I n)7nC':1J ,,~ P01l/U'X

,n'nlx'n m7')7n, nnlll nl.1m~

7'Jl7.1;"1 ,,1,17.1:1 ';"Il~;"I:1' l";"InJ lX 111:111/\'nJ /\'X ,01p" )7nC';"I n1'1' 71' :1n11ll:1 0'117
1;"1";"11'

-p '1~ 1)7 lmx "l/n7.1 ;"111 ';"I'X:1 )7n\\';"1 nx /\l:1"lJln 'X 1C'lll 01X:11JC' J1ll 'X

O'J1JV '111 lV::J V'X TJJ'VX flNJ 'lX'V C")b,>:) O'C')N"

rrcm

OC':J V7.Jr1vnv

-n \:t••"

:l\":rVi;; :l3'i1::J

l"'i' tlV:l P ;:'01:"" 1'11\J lVl\ Ct",:\;'i " P 1t1';;' N? mV,,1 r:n\?.:J.:l C'1:J1 rrnrn """ ",mJ
,1'ZlJY 1,mii1'7r.m'JX ,fi"DVp 171.: 1;9 1)":9 iJYl N'l"'p' Oiil:2N i~Vl jJ'VN~ V'N 'IN 'n'Ni' .Vin"
1"1\;'1 ':::1). 7;,'1J ,niiO;"lli,j 1))::l N3T 71p' ,J1YbJ l\':n"p '71:7 noDi'i ;n"::!J17::J1)i' ;1";"11 ,'::JJn;171T1J 17:ltl ;'l]Vl
"l\110':::1 O:ln 7::1
N'7V i17::J Vi" "i' ln1Nl ,J'VO ;:';'11 ,1::11 '7:1'7 r'7l'm:71 .rmn '1"0 lJ rn'J1Je'
OV lnlN

V""

;",' 'J ;::Ui 'J11l' l1'J:J t'l'i1V 1J::l.li C.:Jn1 iVT '!:II.: 'tlYOVl ,7"1 W'l'i ;'I';'I1J10,1 mll\V 1!jll\ ,1',1rn C:i'UK1
11')1;11 ,;'J'om t11,:l:l ';1"1 il'Zt15lJ V1il ,fll\:11lj

P

1Vp 'J ;"11\':' ji1"OPillO'O

x"n

,.'x 15l0l'iTUV t:n:i1 ;'1:'JJ CO '";'11 ,1'J::l, elL' 1nN nJ'L' 01'
j'i",l\., 'lJ1 7J P rviY 1";'1l'i'V m 'Vl'i l:PJ::!1:i,::1

,N":ll:,""1;"i n"1V

'lX in XVU, I10n"'no lYJ' jmo'o .U::10X Ton' ;'i'ii "J"D1X ;'JJ"JV;'1 ",") 1':n nOJ:ij') J"l"J:I '01j?<i 111/\
nim TIlmO:l 001110

,':i7/\ '"'I l.rl,.' V'ip;'1 'Vli'D'

:'n:lilllJ m:n:::J::lji

.I?v '10J.fI n11J;1J

O~1110 llY7N ''1

.';1:1::J'O "111'

7V 110:1

100

600

36J
'lip'lV;i "::iii1

,i1imi1

tt"~il 0;;1

m7"n;'1i!

i1:-nn:J

Q;J YDp:l

ill

I',::nl ::J'1~

.1~m~ i:lib

1'lm'1i'1~ nrrc ,'lTlJ:j;"j "~-';J .nl1'1i~;'i 01"1' IN iii1rli'i jib'" 0" li'\ ,il,"nn;, Nli1 '''71\ ''':111.:Jil

N7 ON a~ ,~ m7~7~
101.'11"::J,

-

7'Y7 U'!:'i7 WO'l11l ,~~ - N'11Y ''1 71111l1J'11~ 77JJ m '11N'11 7111

17:,'''ym. ,'Xi,V "iii

l'ynTl7.:J;"i-"~1:J;'iDm'lD;'i 17:1

m""n ,y '''V'l;' ,,:11ii nx :rrri;i

''11 N'11Y ''1 7111 0'11~ ,'11:'il"~0 pnr ''1117JPJ -rrrn J1'1py~ 111'lJ'17~ 7Y '11~Y7 'l1'O'l
rm

.,,~ tllXii 1"11'1;'

,ttl

n",l';lrlj'J '::l ,n'l:Jli1'

'I'::

T1N:ii -

."tr7:l:l mbl1 nlD"OJi:l n:li;jliJ ,rnJNtlCpN. 0p.,tlO'li~

",": ""N

.uru ':l::l jjijiV''l

~N'W

pn"'l

mrln,

0::'1' I1'lVX'::' - 't{"ii9'

,tu "0"0:1

r"tlt\7:l X"iiV ,iVij?;"l

'l::l1 ,"i1r'l;l.O prt:-i'l 'i n':lp::l 'l7:l01piil 'l::llD1N:'lT1:1

.~'i1

o'l'l"n O':PXl "'/,\1t?Optl-it?J'lX n11'1"J 'In ,von "Xl:JJ;'i O.1j;'1 P"::l~' 0",;:);'1
O'Jl1),7:l;"i O't?:nl;' 7:n:J 'l:J ,r"J;l1j .rrrrruram j'Ji::T:1;"t ,i'i~N::i ;'70p::l C"Y'''Oibii O""5:ii'li1
."nO:1 n"'iPi1 ;""~":l "Xi;: O'i"~ O~i:JT.J ;,'r.: CNi.J1ij ~JiV ~i"'j ,I'l~tl1::lil ili'~t:tO~~;'
tt7~1 .'m"':Jni1:i ' I'll'>: i~:Jm XiTY px O;'1:JN: 'i1 .rrcm n.J17JJ tt'7:mtvl'J 71":::l:\ px il~'t,ti

O"nJ17jJJ 'lJtv.:J

,ttl

I,

l1'l1'1 l'1'1J ~J'7~ 7111 '1111' am '1111P~ m!"~ nJl~~ l1Y~l~ a~'l11l 7!~ ,~ n'J~7 O1P7~

,11'11~'~ml0~J 11Yo nJ17l Nl~ '~'1Jl~' nJl1~~ 111n~7 ,11~1 ay .(13 ~'1Y~ ,7'Y7 ~~'1) n'l~l~
IN 011l~ l1'1JT~~ '1111j.'11~ N1:1 p11l ,a'lWIN'1;; a'7~lp~~ '~1nJ ~7Jl 7"m 1'11 ,N'1P~J 7n~
'1P'YJl ,N'11Y ''1 7!N ]NJ nl~~ 771J~ 'N1Jl~ 0;1J llJ"ly ,'11~NJ •7N~ l1J'1J ]~lJ 111"~~J

~p'OO'~J nu 717J~J rn a~1 aN~ ,~7~itlJ lll"lY P'17D ; '11J'1m n1'1~ lJ a'0~1l1111 01p~J
ifDili11";1n:l cri:;TJil O'i1t1Xii tl'ln.:m~;, ~.Jtv ':J'7~ - 11'7,j, o"i' tJ~;, ,i7,j1':; ,11'ltl'~;'

.771J~ 'l1'lln~ O1~'1J a~ - 'l1111~'1~

l1'00'01117'y~ 7111 a'Jml~l O'Jl111 O'01!l'0 11771J ,11~!y O~70NJ O~ ,11'!l1!~ ~P'oo'~~

:'ip'm 'b,X TIN

1'l::l1 11'l/'\1:l.Jil ;''l"nii l'l:l

il?'lnn -1'lil::lil7

vr

X7t\ ,i1,,:m:l ;'i::t

1'"

IT\~j X"

,'~17J ,'m~ '0101l'7 m T7~11 7111 111p'T 117~11I 11~1 ,~'7N 7'Jl0~ ~'1111J~~ T7~11
11111p .1117m~~ l1'lln 7~ ~7'J1~~ l1'lJ17~ ~lJ~J l1m~ O1'p 7Y IN ~7'~11 7Y 1111lY11I'~

'1,n 1.J't{ il7t!7 iiitO:Jil:i T';'iIiW ,I'l'l.J1~'li' T\'bN:bOPX-Ii'ltlO'lb.:""P ilp'lbO'7~1~ il)'J t:tOiD'lt'il
111~J01~;' lWJ11I7 TY 9n'1 ~J 071~ 9N a'l1Y71 ~7'~l1Jl l1m~J ,~J7;'J niJ~J
11111J01117 111Y)~11I~ ~litl~ ~p'lY~~ ,11'0~OOpN ~P'oo'~ 1Y1 ,l1'1~ 7111 111'J'ON~'1U~
NOJ7 l1'1nN 1'11 102 .~lJl1~ ~'1111J~ T7~l1J ~7'~l1C 7Y 071J 1~1~J l1JY11Il~1111'l1'1111~'11l71

1m, iVPil::1O :1J;;t:l

101

,;'1rn .1I'~1!;-; i1V'DO''C1 i1N 11\11' 1"OJ ':1:1 pI, T1t::l1.n J. 1i :i1:11Y

102

..i:::1-iDi ;U'-:lJ' '12;..' ,:2 ,it11T;1 m10iJ ,':21011 CD, il,;;;1

m1;)O;'1 n117m ,110'1v'J I\"i

:'\v127

,O'J1V O'Cl!t~ n'7';) n'!Hl,' ;'iV'DO'););"! 'J ,!t"li1j 11tl71P') ;299-315 ''C':l
:ClX 1";;1

.u ,iC'~lI 'D-'y

,r."'wn tJ'7Wl·P

,1'1':";;;;

li1':l U'N ,lR.A. Nicholson. Th.s Mvstics njLslam, London 1963) "DC ':i Ci'{

01"'1£)0:1 nVDnt!iJ ili:2i'iJX; .Anncruarie Schimmel. AJvsticnl Dimensions of lsicnn: North Carolina 1975

,l'1'Ol,bpT',

"rbl1:i1

iip'l:1C'I:J:i

,u,'

,J1"Dl0'1N'm m'!H'Jl :1';':J

01:r;i'il

1"'),"

,pno,

m'I'lt:'C'ji ,ilJr1::lX:l1

m').1,m:,,:m

nun::;»::!

C1V" .rrrron mJi1;;t::l ilin"Ti1:lii il1"Dl:';ii1 n",l\n'1,'jJ'N,i ru-eun

.~'1ljO':i;1 iit:i'1J:J. lin ").'?l:liJUD;l 11i!l'w:J. 1,'

.p

ON ,niVy";'17 T';;: n"'1:1";'1 i1j7'tlO"Dii 'pn:l n"~'l3:;'1

601

'11::11:J: Cl'11m,'

d?'t:Jni1 0;"'1.':1'10 o"'t?(\tlci'~

{37

0"17J)'j O"7j""p ,01'70;';::2 '7:1;) ,miiP:nV

im., ~"i117

l.H1J)7'O

nl\

''''1:J 1.11'''':l11N~ O?01V lJt{ ;'71\ tn.i),':l .),21;1;"11 i1i~i1i1 7X 7':117:)11 '7:Ji1 Oil-a;, 1111::b;' ~{{1

11)

UJ1'17 'OlXl17' X1:11 ,11'J'):'<1 111'!lOJ <11 ml 71V 071J<1 ~~"1l<1 .7""'i):' "J1 Xli):'

p~ "'rlJ 1:1:1, .cn O""ip'y;, O"j,1""7~;' !i"1"f1'i1 m,no:J
O)ViD! ~v 'f.)'JUI>\i! ,::lni'J;"1 -

."xn7x Xlii ,Ii'i'\:)O'i1il ii;Prl:lil
071:1 791 'J1JJ'i'Jli ii'1:'I1;; Ii ,O'I.:liJifi P 0;'1:1:< fj ,ili'i'!j

<111~ll<1 O1'p :'ll17J - 7):'!ll1ll'7:l:l <111~ll<1 71V 0'X7!ll O"V'J~ 0"WI17 Y'~<1V ,'<1n7~<1J
111<17X<1 117:l<17 '7:l:l1111X <1"V:lll<1. ,0IXJ l1'ln111 11'lVln 111X7ll:l ,<1YllnJ ,~1~<1 I1!lV:l

O~ nX'l<1 7:l:l1':1 .0111X llpTnll ~x 1X O"lm, O'J~ll l1!lpVll<1 ,<1~'ll '1:l7 1111X llV071l1
1V'1ll'I1'J J'JO 1!l!l1110<1 op7m ,1l'1'J 11,V

x7v 0'J11VnO"lJ'n 1,J'nV o',nx 0'7Jlpll

rn j!llX7 nJ'n'll n1l~11 l:lY jll1 pn~' " O~ ~,~, ,,111' ln1X1l'OJ.0"J1l,n p on'JX " 71V
llVpJ m'l~7ln X'iY " ',J17 111l"lY1l 1117'Jp7l n7lJ 7Y Y'J~l 17n7 .11'111 n'11n 'I'll

.n O'ilJ'n
,n7'!lnJ V17l"lIn 071J 071:lJ ;11'~171l7l1l!ln n7Jpnn x'n 1"n ll111p7ln 7:l7 ~111V7ln
m7l77l 11 n1J1Y .7Y!lI17l"X1Jl J~7l7 n7'J17ln l'IJ jllVX,n 1Y~:l1111~7ln 01'pJl nl111J

.o"'nlil o"'n:l O""OX'P;'1 O":l't?xn,u;, "l'O":J;'~"':::J
ItVii';"I

nru

ii":Jiil Xl;' ,'Xii 0)7

m,nx:J

O'O::ll1iiV :l1t:mill::J1i?1J:1'Y

i:llij'J ilV'l'{;:l 0) ,n'tlO'Oi1

i1':21 il"J'1J

:'p'1nil 7V

i1X'V

'OXl:lOpXn '1J1n 7V 11m" .'l!l:ln ,'7Y!lI11l'n l1J17 77J'111Jl111X'7l71 lluvn7 n7'Jmn
111'1vyn 111':>P 111"7lXJ - ,nx 01!l'01l 0"!l1:> 0'XP'00'7l7l1l7 ':l17lV '!l:l - XOJn7l1l'X
Xln 'J117ln 0'11):'71 ,'n'111 'vl1'n' 71V '111'17~11:1'

'Iv

'!l1X 7):'J Xln X7X ,111<11Iln Jvn'n7

'7:ln '!l0 O'X~l' on nlll717xn 'Ix ny~nn 1,1:>' P7 011p 11IlXlV 07l:>Y n7'!l11:1 "J1 0111XJ

011 7Y '1J17 Xl!lX l11'l .v1pn nn 1117lY!l11:1 11117l O"7lXll 'n7xn Y!lvn

nx

7':l7ln

,v1pn nn 1117~m 111'7:l111V ]11':l17 J'~7l1 1111:>7ln 01'P7 p7l1):' p'lY7ln '7Xl0""Oxoopx
.111lJ17l111'717'7l1 111'l!l1l ll11n7l '1:l1111 ,~llY

'Iv

J:>07 ny~nl I11lV:11 O'Vl1'n llY'!lV

11m", t?::n~:l .'ilX:l O'fJ701tJl O""jj' ,cC'-':;'Y:l c'xp'vo't) :;'C' OiPmO'nIl:l Y"J~,t1 ;"IT 0'"
ib':;' ph''''' ,m:n:ll';'

"'ntV:J mn!j n'J::n:mb' im'"

X7 7W'lY ',1 X'IY " ;O"J'OX7lill 117l'71 Y1'

Tl':J"'tl~i;)'1J ;"IV'"" "'Ib l\1;"l 1:;"X~ ;'l'\ij

'v

Jn1 ~p'n, 'nll;?:l ~P'l n7m px Xlnltl

:;')7 y"':r:n~ ,i1ilJ~"'lO pn1' Ii ,Oi'b 7IV m:x 0111" lX ,l'1'7:lP ;"IJ)"'KV ;'i''l' OJbX rtrn
O~ pl ,O"J7l1<171V 11'7l71111JJ Xlnv ,O~iJX 'i ~IJ X:>l'Jl .O'J7l0l on 1'7YIV t"11.l<1'I1'J
'J ,'nJ7l ,111' P'1.l):'7l11'Y ,'I1Y1 11ny, ,I1Xl oy :1017l1.l' '111"7l1PX yp'7l XJV ,'7xn7x

1'0'i:l'1\;1 m:nh"

1':1 ;"lJn:l;";"l

,V C"iZ,"!Jl\;'i O'":J1Yil J11"P:'j;"l' ,1"l"U ';; ::"INI 1; ;"lV'J nil:! "pnl.'l'

7i1 .jrm '1\ i1:n>'::! ,1"')1" :Ii, 111::l1 1:JO ,IP:::1;;::I'

i1'l::1;J::l

c"pn7.J :, ,iTil;yn =11m

,"'n1J::I?;"i

,1"0'''',"V ; 109-37 ';:'')

m:nn",

;n;;::l 189-J 88 'oy ,DV;'1t{" .208-179 'DY ,il"?JV.n ::PJl'i
.;r'::lpJ c"n'~!Jo C'Ol!J" cnp"n m,:-sy?v:J 11'!J'l~ ;-;P"OO"b
O"!J';l;!JO
,n'h,:,ml i1 ,;"l?"l:l ,"IY'PT'lIn''I!);''Y m"l:l~bo"l\ m;l!:JVT!' ,11'1 'J :1"Y;"il KC"IJ'

0'01n1 i'"iJ,fl' T1'$:::1 OJ,O'l'Vp 0"lJ1;"1 .37

.197-181'fj"; ,.(1"JVJ1).:l'

,t"

,T'JIn ,"1'on;, UiDi

o":ml;"l

p

C;il:lN lJ:::1'

103

38J

602

~7X ,7~1D"71 ln71~7 11'111~~ 11'111 ~lV'~ 7'l1 p17JY1 ~J1'V 'D~tJOP~ 01~'tJJ O~ 'J1'~~
.'nx O1P7J7 1J"lY 1J 11"~lV
104 /iln,!;iJ

O"i'iEi' '7~'1:m.X;' ":::l'ln, i1j\Wlii1:l nntm lj'i:::l1 m~ ,j"iiJ'tti' n1~~)"':::l p'YJ

Y'~17J ~JlV I11'JpYJ 1111J'iZm ;117J'107J ~7'Jp7J 7Y ~YJ:I~ ''lI~7J ,111' lJ III' '1J'n711'~1~
:1'1J1 11~ ~7'Y~7J~1 D1X~ 7'l1 lJ7J ~7~11~~ 'lI1P~ l11, 11'Y'

'n' 'Xii "::11:11
- :bn ;'1T{J V'1i'ii rrn :i,tn:l ,tti'~:J ,1'l'll'1:::l P '1:J iiJil
105.11'111'b ~'ljj 'm ,111)iW' mn'
... T1111bfi i1itvn.Jfi iiJ''lfiJ'i

7:l'll:l ''V'l~~ 7J'lI~ 'lI'~'7J~ I1YJ1l~ ~~'lI~~ 11~ '~117 ~J~ nJl~~ ~1~ ''lI1P~ l11,' 1~J ~~
:7Y1~J
lII~l~

1:l11I1

~lJ ~l~

1117J1II~ 1111:17 ~l1llm rr l~ I1I11'tJ7J ~'l "l(111
7Y~J I:m7~ nn ~J'lI1 nJJ 0'~7~ m'7J pl1YI1 ~,~ ~l~
O'iV'l1pil

,l't m:JiOii tti'1p:1 mi ~'ljj rucn
om

106.C"::iiVii 0";;

1"iU'ii .m.,~, .'nn';;C:1: O"i'i£l'
"t7~ "ii'~;' 37!:'tti'ii

n7::1"

,tt) Ti'Ej1::ti'1 jji''1~O'l~::l''l:J,t) 'l'l~'l' Oil O"~ii J"l;r:::lJi ii'''£Jn;,

iil1iW':J:11 YJ1{'j Oil) 7.'.:lb ii'U'!:n ;-Tilii't' ,ii:nUmJi1

''Ii'',]

,to

00,911I ,11Dl~ 11l' ~01' .~J1I1J 0'7J 711I 0,1 mJY~7 ~111l( ~"'lI:l7J~ YP,pJ ~7YI1 111'~n7
on"m ,1l:l1I17Y1')/7J 17J1II'lI ,'J17J'7J ~'1J1)/ ',7 '~:l"J:'17)/'7J~7J:'1' 11~ 11'7~l~J' I1'J'YJ
107 .1111'~O~

071)/7 ;'O'lJ;' 11l( 1177JO~ ,:'11;''~OJ :'1J"J~'V 1":1 ~1;' .;':l"Jm ;,"~m ~'lI1l7

.11 DJ7J-m1pl7J O~ 7'Y7 1J1illll 7~"i)/ ',1 ~'iY " 7111 O:'1"Ji 11l( p1iJ7 ;'Ollllll7J,iJ
P Fenton, The Treatise of ;;1X' ;l1T 1~C' ?W i1:lM Ni:1 'Jl~"n;"l ;"1:119' '11iJ ;"l,y't'ji;'1 TiN

'by ,(;'1:;':I;'1'll 17jNO :1':1') 'JiO'{;:1 <1'1:117

I"

':lii'

j'i'Oi)liDJD

104

;'iJ',::m,y 1bNO :'J':9;'1 p,n" .the Pool, London 1981

rn 'l::l.'n~ 0'010'3';'1.(184 il1;);1:174 'OY) Of'::l.~';'1 P Oil1:1'( 'lJ l.::mt ';' ,.Oitn i"1 Y''1i1 mmy?

.46-44

1'YI; r::n"1' .0"J'Jii~'~'U 'lJYil OUini li:Jll; ,,:JW ,(t7":iim O'7Vn') f'Jl1'1i mlijJl;j '~-7y 0,'
C'''1liO:JV C"11i"'Tlji ."::llyn

1'1'0'

ilN1Wi;'l:J C'Pl"-'~Jl C'lVl:l.'tI'J iii'1?

.C'a f'::ll"l'
,19-18 'bY ,CV 106

ru OUin ':1 O'::ll

'V

m~li')j::l

1'IW1Yil '~~7Y Oil O';JJ'ln
.2-1 f~y ,;'In':l;'l:J C'piD

7;1 l'OttO"

'bY ,37 jJ'1Yil ,0'0 :iN'll .('7::'JN;'1 p7nJl 43-41 'bY ,004 ;11;1;'1 /i'Y7) ',,:>'iJ;'1

Nl::l11:J

,l,tnn

.(::l"Y Nb? N"n 'ill;i 'tl-'Yl 111::l70 ni'tlO, ,- 1'\1..,.'tlO;'1 0'19 'N :lO'J:h 7~O::: i1:1'1::1:1 TIN "'il\Tlt NiTi C'lZi ,70
;"::lPil 1'::11 m'~n;ri j':: ,nW....;W illil1V;'ii
mN1'" TiOJn

':mv 'D::l ,1=1'Y "m'

.u-rn ,11O)tl 7'0 n'J111'Yil mv'),

.linOn'll i1'O?Y;'i? lV'1 mXynp'nir.:

;"lV'),

'::l 1'I1U7~ 1l\::l iil\1iV;;;'

l\'Tl ,i1::;'i::l;'l ::l't:nt l"J),'::1

mitlD' n'':lp:i TilitlO;'i P l1Nn m'tl':!!Jo m7J.pii m1::l"1' ,;'i)l":I:: C'7::11pnil'J1Vl\i 7:n\ i::l::l
l'7i1Tl ,im7::l ,711ij:;'j 7' 7V l1''''7mmn ;-J?J.P:1J. N7X ,111::1 J"tllij::l :i;:)'i::J pi iJl1i:J

:1:I:n, i1;;')~

;1J'}tV :i7'!:jI1 'X'ii)) '''1 il>tl11J ""'7iZJi11i"Y 'J

.rn i1jN~J.

1'/\ 1ii::lttl ,n'tll'10

,1"J))'n ."fl1:li'YJ i1N:li1 ;'l'11n;'n ;'i"1VJj1j1
.'O'OJ1Ji.:I 0'1,)' :,11'J 1"";7:1) Y!JV;'i re-m

105
107

603

'iiJ'J

CFnnx'

[39

'W 1J' 'Wl'J 108,W1ptlJ C1X;, '1tl'1 XJ ',,;',:li1J C'pi~'J 1'" 'l"illl 'i1l'illl " ,~x 1;'

1J'J c'p1pn 1''''' :0<1 Xill1 'i "J1 'J "lI' ll'X, .0'iJ1<1 0'p1p;' 1"lIlV m, l'1;, 01X;,
;,tlxmJ pi iJ11b<1l'X 'J p'm, 'IV~X 771J <1lJtl1 n1J'tl ,0"ltl'1

'ill

rn ~1i'~tl .'O'iJ'"

0'1l11 ;'11~WW ,11Ntl 0'10tl )~lXJ n'JJltl n'tlO'tlli1J X'X ,m""tlJ 'ii'l~ Wltl'WJ lX
:)i1n?Xi1::I O'i"!l'::I ,

?un", ,l::i .C')711'i17iO 0"1b'1:1

l'iX" pWb Nl;' lJ' pWtl 'J lI11
m1l1;' rum

lJ O'l1n;,

\o9.lJ''''''lI ;'Jln:llJJ'J m1J) ll';' p 1tlJ1

r

1'::1

no .' i1 r l' n';' pJ1 'ifi:m,';1

11 IPtlC'b i10'5mJ O"'i';' 0"'07;);'1 iVP;:'!

ll{::;)

nb1 ';:' ;'~ij

llilll " "J1 P' 11m, llJ1'W ';,n''';'J O'i'i~' ilJ'm )tl 'lJ'tllltlp P n11W'" "nlll"JlItl
:"lI'O"J ll"lIlV

jilly n'yiV' l' 731 '1'1' 'b~7J'
/1'7;)''0 1:11::' ~" iit7~ O'b

N:'3m:n rm p:J 11"il1'

l"lI 'll" lI'~IV"1V 'tlJ <1"lIll'J1tl1i' litlll P'l

,mi~ntl 'I1'J "i'J1 11'1'bl1 "lI~W"
rrrm 'Ii ll'tllV )tl "
n17'),1':):1 OJ. 1'Vi' Xlii' ".1ni "nr'),o pnr

I,

J"

)tll' : ntlx

7IV OJ1!li't'i1::l 111\l;) 'i::i11,) O1PO O!l111 ViPO' C,l't;'1 'm'1
7;1 tlYl:>VilJ 0) ,1)";'11) l1'J.1il\'11F1

108

- ;'I7Jp ""t{ :1;) 'Y 1"lN:1 .(;1JtJtJ YDV;"1 l1::i'VbJ pi N:71 m;,,\7X;'l

l"JYtJ .(74;"I'7Fl ,"Y71 0'1'01 VJi "I'J:1 ;11.,.1\1221 'Oll ,1'i"rl1 eD.!l ,in!:) ;1"N:153 'tJ;; ,1:l'lZ71n C'tlJ'il
7JV:J Xi;"! :'1'?;nJ7V V1P0i111'::l' :7'00' ,;onn il'J'l"l lJN iiVlj'" o','vn i'V Vi"!!:! OJ,
iTT '10"'V

tJ',::J

"7,:11

]11'0:11 ,OiXjl mb7V l\1;'11 ,'J 7Yl~;'1 7:::l'.7.i Tl71YD n'7:::lTli 'i"Yi ,im~Ji UOJJ, W1N1J C1l\j'1

1'V 7:9 VWtll'Ti7;m 71lJ 'iU1i'J::iT'l n':J - '?:J1lJi iJJ7 ~:Py 11::1,i ,1ii:::l1:);' 1')1:1 f10J::i?V trIi'J::i;'1 1'1':1:1 ,i111'OY'
IUn'::l1 .( 13 'l::iY ,1874 p', ,C'J::i"J '))'pJ::irrcn

-1--7Y m1Vl\' CYD',X7 ~~l' ,J'::1n p~ ii\:m "J::i C'1~VJ1

1=1 0,11JX 'jJ::i J11l\:JiJ::iil "ViJtI::l 0; l"Y1 i:'ln:::lJ n':Jl~i1 T1",il'il i1P'DO'J::iJ '7;"

~Uj1 '10'1 mJ

.m1Yilil' 59 'n;.' ,'i'0J17::lj1 :;-n'V;1i ;O"::lJ::i'il
'tiy ,',xn,x, av :"lNl1Vii;'1 r'Y1 .82 'tly ,i'1::l"1JiI 'Y ,iJXi';iJ m?;j ;J'01<:J OJ m1V;' .2 'iJY ,:"ln71:1;J O'PiD

1J7J Y1tl) ;'1';;' rn 7:;" :l"n1J1WnJ::i nnl\J Wl1y I, ,tmrCl iI~-,nFl

1"7f1I1J i'li"pnil 'm', li1'r:no OJ iiWV;1

',:!,

109

rn 'Vp;'1J O'J"J)l7j .43 ";liil ,TI

.{161 '7jy ,iit:r1n i111Y11 ,01'VI'mn'nvn ,:nm 11111;)OD 1::1 ;liJ?l

IOV C·tlDl~tm ml'i'J::ifl PV7' ,86-85 'l::iY ,n'X1JJ:i ;"I'11iiil ,"-X 71N ,i1~!lY'1JJ';; Oii1JN 'i

7V iiiV:::l:iil

tl":ran O'7ml' ,il'DY7m;; Oill::1l'\ 'Vl i1Jl0ni1 lDO ,." ;'17Jjill ,al7V 7~~ NJli'Jll 0::" iI~'i .38-37 'ny

.229-193 '7jy ,ql1J1pN T1N:;iOl ,711JJ'V
mV:1J QN7Dl'J ;"\l\'Jii '!)J O"i'ap (n':::llJl 1il7 m':i7

"try

:l7F1 pVl ;'ll'11.1J lVlt:l~7 iN nl7:::l J,P1 nnil

,'7";;7) "J1U'U;"1 ;"I'I::n,- '1' tlJ"i::J.F'i 71 1nNO ;;jiiVil .m'i).mil mV;"I:1~1 0"0:1 'c'nn;, mni?';j oy -wpn
JiVn H\1 T1J),ji 11i7JV il1j 7J
n17

?V

'In',,

O),::J.7 C'V,

l' :i,;l,11'1 ,m.J,1jtl nlJtl nl' 'tl\;,11 Tl\ m;;lii m',nvtl::l. "i'1."1I111 ON" :( 104 iliyii

v'

.('J'Yfl p,n:::l J"y 13 ~1 ,.7m(:;"l

mV"1Ji1 jil1n :CJ ji11Vil .C'iJfl

7V

i'7n::l

92 'i:m'Q"11iQ);"! C'1J1J 1:1111

liJ ;'l"JpO i1.liJn 1i1.J1Y7 ;jIll' m;i71p;'l1 n!:)pV/.Jii il~inJ j)'J1JTil

D'PiO!:)} j'JY 'J1' :tlJ'ny ,i"1jV11 0"'011' ,l1t::JD "" Tli,1t1:o ,':nn'j'j ;it71iP p m

I"

mV'V.:?il1'11i:)'!

m";'tl mrcn ;'1::1 mYJ?Jl mppnJv Olvnp;, o'n:9 Ill' n~:l'pv1.J;'i n'Otl177j ill\1i;jJ 'ti'!:lJi'i ;"l~jm1V x,;; [;'l'N
.'mVl'i' m':17N ml"~Jl C"'J1V c'myn ;;,x;,

zrmen

TImon;"! m:lpY::I1N:1J'l

110

40]

604
., .'l'nl1'J1ntl\:l';'D1 pom 1l'~\:I1'l/tlJ ;'\:Il/J!
1nJ\:I;,tl '~J 1',\:1 'tl 7l/ 1"7;' ;'J;' ...
]'][111'J] (J11!'JI
71P ~7!l11,n 11711J

ern

1ibX::l o\rJY;' TlJ:1jj1

~l1:l71 M~1JJM [111'JJ (J11!'JI MT p'n'N ~71
,71i' ~71 rrm '117Jtl1l1J\:Intl '~J

M7~I1J 1:J"11~\:IM I1l/J;'J O'tlN ltlJ N1M\:I '~7
:i~1ii1IDiV 1iVn,~

'l\V'111i

O'J~i! nl~t'l::lJ N:1;' em ,,'X"::1V 'l~'
;'1;r::1.);,,\1 i1,'roi1::l Ol<\'l:!li1 )i'i
~1I1(?)

11'''1n'1O :17.:l

~,;"

.. S70M1tl I1N!I' M;/T Nl;' 17NJ 0',;,;, )tl
"J7 \:In,' :1'tlNJ 'IJ~tl;, 0'7\:1;'1
1'7;/ n1'I'~ ;'N1JJ;' 11.1 ;'N7~J ;'!'7tl Nl;'1
71i' ~71 11\:171 ;'~\:I '117J1.1

1'11~\:I

P

I'J,)'\:I ;'1.111711

m\:l7 7;/ 'IN;' lM7\:1'1
1'7;/ 111';' pJ;/J ;'!;/1 ;'J\:In1.1 '117JIJ
il:li:I

/:)'J"n~1.V:1 I1;9Jfl1

"::11;'
112•••

MJJl11.l;' 7\:1 rn J!tl .NJJl11.1;11
01Xii

:">1"

p';, O'N;' 7;/

O~'J'l';' ;,~,

ii.:m ...

;,;r::lJ:11 ;""::Jnil 'x

'IJ'M 11;/'~\:I 'lM'111J'J~7\:1 ;/DPM 'pl1.1J

.:1}7'::lJ IiJ'n:1::1 Xl;' 9Xtv lil7'~nJ o"nro1O:1 m;Jii::l 'ten,';'i 1niX ,X jj"Il7'~

,~o;, ,'J\:I '!1.1 ,7"1n 'tlM1.1 7;/ 111Jl/\:I';' 1MJ \:I'
)"!7 1"J;/1.1 ;'1 "M

"r,K '!1.1

.0'1.1l1"m;, ;1707 711V1.1 "~111.1;'

P 7;/1 ,11'J';/;' ;'~TII;' 71V ;/,' 9P\:l1.11 11'J'n Jl1:lJ

';,n7!;'J o'P'~'

lNJ O'MT1.lUN 113.;';/'1 111mJ ;"11Vi' l111;/tl\:l1.111"Jl/J '1Vn1' \:1,1\:17 11'J'l/J Jl'p '11,1\:1\:1
0;/ ;111\:111.l rn J!1.1 ;7l/~111.1 'lJ' 7i11 J!1.1' ;,7'Jl1.l;' 'l"'J "7'~l1:1 :O'NJ;' O'J'J'IJ;' 11N
lJ1l11.l

71P;'

11l/'pJJ N7l' ,1'7l{ 'Jlrn;,

71P

11;/'IJ\:I 71111"J N7 ,l"JJ;' 7;/ ;'N1JJ;' 111','

;'Jilln1.1 '117J1.l1J1i117 7;/ 7N,'I~n';iII'1 1'11~iII lJ l1J1J'\:I ~1.111711 -

';1P

N71' :'l~J 1mNJ

O'N rrn 17'NJ1' :N";/ " 7\:1 1"J' 11N ,'JT1.l m D7IVJ-'117J J!1.1 ""7l/ "m )'J)lJ ~!;/1

.ot!' ,T:l"'l1 'v lm;;T1l"Y' 111
.j:1}t'~ DiM 7V ;'ism?v llt1'i'ii:J n1VblV7:.i !n~"1n" n,f,);;V 11Cb ,N">,,' rm ,111::2;; -7::2:1 sru
1':!!'"!

7\U

"1lV?T1:J. l\iUJ.::J. wnlV/J J'1"i'Jil'{l'i ;'1D\ti'J 'Vi'll' v,1lVF1

P

.13-10 'J.jy ,,'in':ij1::l C'riD

112

cf=.;

113

ib::J .rMl1i') ,1y"r "1ii lVli"D -

.I606 '7:.i;J ,17:i'1Xn1;n:n N1D01J tm'~:: l'il' N:ntJ ,O'i:lJ: ~~'i1V'TV iWP;jj Klptlii 0i.1.1TiJl

605

[41

0'11~ i'~1~ o'nn~' :7~'ilY 'i 'i~1 rJ~1 ,'Om:l7Y~ 0l11~ O'ir.n~ 1'~11'n~ O"~i~ 0'11m
.i:l.'J.nb;'i n1ij.:J 0'7:11);'1

iiim 'lU'l,,'n iitJ

N':IT'':'' ; I,i:m: o'nn~i1

'nx en

7~~' : ~'~J~ 7111 1n7Yr.l71111M"7 ,~,~ 1r.1'0 1J~ '1~:l~ '1Jl~ ~'D)771J~ O~'JX "

;'T 1W'£)J:l ~:;1ij

o:mii l'N'iV;'11'.) ,n1Vy'7'i::t"

lM":Jb ';i'Xil yDt'il J1ir:; )1'1':1 ~':l.:I;,

0'i1x'm 1r.1 ln~J 01'14.' , .. ;;1IIY' 1~ iJl' 171r.1l'iV;;r.I '~Jl ,1II;',n 1~:J:lr.17J~ ,pm;; n"Jr.I;;

1J~ ,mxi~~iD~1 'iJY 011irJJ rl~JiV ,rJ'Dl:J:;; 1,1;; rJi11~ '7X117X 7111 'I11'J O'r.lO'lDr.I~

7:J:~1II X7~ ,)7D1II~ J:J:r.I 7~

;;JrJr.I;;7

S'Jlr.1~

'lDJ ilJl

)D1X~ ;;JJ;;~ T7~rJ 7)7

0')7r.11111

'D~DOPX '1Jl 711I lIIil~r.I '1:lT~ '7J )7~III~ nJ'i'1 0',)711I !1n'rJDJ iX1nIJ ~T J:J:r.I "~T17X
'15 .miJ

X1<1111 '~-7)7-9~ ,m '~':J:~O "'Pr.l~

~r.I~J Y'~1r.1~ 'r.I'J1JX YDpJ xpm ;;'Ur.I '~n7:J:;;J 0'Pi~'~1II i1X'rJ7 T1l"JYr.I ~7'~pr.l

xn '110';; )1'r.ll;; .'XI11)7'J:J:l X'~O' 711I '11I'711I"

P'D;; I" mn~ ;;0'1:l '~m ,~o '01Dlr.1

116.';"i"nmnv peni?;)' '1t":t;, 7)1 nlJYttri1:l
.Harly 1204 11'0',:2;, ;"I"iDO;' ,p1l17 "I:; ,206

'n;) ,X:J;"l 07'Y;"l "n l00,;"P!:ly71JX 1\", 114

7>, "Jim' :m7j,J1F'i7 'r::210;"1 '1:1'1';'1 '71).111 7:0 l'llj?Ji:J '1::11111<1' n.:n:',j::l t:n:mv7i' t1:110'7ND.'N rn ;'i1i'i.t:l

.J'"

115

1'.1;17 :rm'll ill .;"Ii;"! pYT11'7N u'v.,71
1n.l::l;"ll\"J) IU::J.i1 O;J;'li 7:>1 , •.O"ii C';'7X 0'0 in::>T lJ1V'
";:'111 1) inN' .':1 7J,1;1f! ::I" ,1.m;!i 7:'1 7P 1'i1i,Jl 't" jim 1:21;"1 "l'\:J In:1Y m'il0 pv7.i nYl.ll1 nnl;j ,'WV
ON ':l l\11;J' l\?1 lm:l71J ;'iiO'!V 1:9 .pOD;'! 7:::1 ;,m p1JT;,,\lvlm 1::17::1 ::nvnnv ~1;"\1 7n"mo inN 1'0 11Y
X7 "n,'!.);'1 Py ~7X 1::17::1 1XW' 's.'iV /{1;,,\1 7:11.1i1!') inN j'O 11J;):Y 7':11.11 1J inN :PV7i1 nYUIi '7::11l1,>'::1
N'/lll 11'::11 .jJ10rli1i11 ::Il'ni1 1"::1 1::17::1 11:1l ,O!Q!:I1r.J 11::17 j'JY;'1 1I\V' 'IN ,11::11;1 n1'1i11 rn77:lil Tl1'Il1N
irl}{1 ,nwuo;"\ n1l\n;'i "," 1'0;,,\7 ;'10n;,,\::J l\7N 1"11'1/\

l'

ji1'I'1::1

CV::I C'p::t17 1Ji10:l ;'1l\,JV J1t') .o'on", "yv nri"JjDj'J ;,/\'" ;'07

1'1\'\ .1::17 rm '1::l);'1 ,y i11~I'1::lJ1 1111:n
mpnv x'/\

l' 1X!tr ii~n 1il1'i'!::1 PODJj

C"V,,' 01":1' 0lD1 ,7NJiOJY"ii) nil1iiijJ 50-49 'b)7 ,p1lt 'J1X1:j) 'O'N':I)' jJN'1JV;,i'J n;):1' /\liil ';17;;n'
X'iiV

,;'10;;)1::: '17'X::: ii:i1ii ""01" 131 ;'1m::::: ;"1"~NO 'n"11;'1 1::1)107 O'1::11iimil:::':::

1l!7 O'1i) C;i 1'X 1N ,0'i'iO:; OTl1l\ O"'~~VJ

1=' inN

;',;':i10;"l rmD l;'1::11'11xnou ln1N

,V'D' pn"

.(;1"'Vl1

710 ;"I'lD:J .,1'0/\ )')10

ilj?'T7J '/\77 ,ii7'Dl1 ;U'l1l\,V nOVD11J;'mYl::lVo, 1'1 Xl., '::IY1:j;'i l"j{11N:l1:jl ,;'i::JIU"n1J::I 0'1:.JV.1 X7X /i11'::l
771J ;'1 YOp ':::11Y07 1C"!I/'i

Jim 0;;

SDVill/7::1P'1 O'1yZ.',i

nn'nn, ,''":;'1;,1 ,iX::I 'fl'il

,O'jilOm O'O!:lC'1:J?

-m- m':mi., m'lm cv, C'Vi"JV1Jj1 C'''''~O;i 0"::;;1 ,1.1"<11 :nn:n.mmi1 ;11V:l;,,\:'1 Tn, mOn"Ii;'11:lin::J
ilK1) 071/\ .;"IU:Iy7V:l ;UV;i7 Tl"D'J;'l 7v iI1iCt"!:llb "11D" 'l\Jn R'Jl'O ,1'11i'lJ;i m1;1iJ';" n"""~ mon"'m

cY

'~11 01 ;'171\' :I11),OlJ:li 111:;) ;'l7'!lr1:1 ;rT'n~i ,'11'):110;: ;"I]Jj1'7 01ip lY:I !':"i"l min;, iii1;'!:l';'I ':J

P

~1n1\1 .0:::i::l::17 )1i1 "'0;' 1:;)1Ti 1Jn, N'::JJ;'i 1lJl\O' .1"1'.1::11 1'11:Jl:ll Til::17 Fl1;"\t'J lin!': 1VN .0'!:J1~;'

0)1 "li::Jli:n ;;t.:i'J ,1<11ri'J,l ,';;~vn 1'11i'n'7 "::IiO :1D,l'V 11),10

T,;m .lSl'lj3/') '13' Y!:J':iFl mpm :iJ::l;,t1

,l7'77) ,1"1}7)1 in:1JJ;' 117JP:l n~":::i n'l111Jn1i ,71'1'\ :Ti1 yop::! 71'1'<:
;'1"'11::::: o'y'!:J1b 0;'1 'JiY711'i'lJJl ;'I:J'i);'V Jl"lJ 0""1:l7".1;'1 O'1::11;1V

'v

'm',

1":i,v'

T'Ili'VTll

.mn::n

mX"'1b

.]20- J 18 'bY ,113

,'1yn
.;"lJ1V

F'ililJ 'Viilil "!:J::J ii1110 m,':,m n1i'Jl'\ '1 "~V' :::!'y 1:l d,')'i'J m:)l1'7 ;"lXi ;O"lJ:ln ''7;):1\ '10"Jil 111'0
":1:l ,O'DlOl"!:)' 0'7:npo ]'::I 11Ct"V nnnjl iVp;:J 0" i'ln'>-' Ti7'n1l1bIJ o"nnV;"l1l11'n n~'':110 .'i1'ill1!iV
7:;) O"J'li:lV::J linn, ;"\,"n!l::J 1107:tJ P '31'1' :'c'ni:.-'ii iYV' "'::I'I'1::1IlVV
i'1j)1J V"X N::J:l ,J1IN:l;; ';"i7 m1n.l'1Vn' ,mN"
')1\

P

Jpy' '1 '1Jl/J Otlim, 1V.!Jl{lV

l' iT", ,l'mm 11113 11::11;; m1J ,"'J? ',1\'( ":l ,;'1'01 il?t"l

17JiK :l10 1:11 "::I, vn1 ,P'ii'Ji1J 'nDVl\'::J ,i1i',j~1i;"l jVlJ '::IliJl n~j)'1\ T;:n:'~;'l1 ..• ;':::1 110'il1;; ,im:mO:1

1::11Dil n:l;"\1 ,11':1 o'1nN' i';'l' ,[11iO::l 11:111 nn '1ii ?\]")Jj'il) .•• ;"ll\xm:l fIl1\1 mt\'~ '''t':i;1::11 ,1'0' 'V)1n

P ,e:-" 115 'n;;:ll ;008 'DY) ' ...O'V' iN:
rncou ,i:1D;'j C1N:;::l :i,l:lIlJ mYJ O'.l'1!:Jtl'J :'''I,m liN: p1 "11J:\1 'li1),V;"l

Vl'n' lil\ i1J1i'J 1\"'1 ,O'!l1C1?'D:"] O;"J: li?:;V Q'J'"J:;1;'i n;J::I11\
o'nWj"l 1YW 'i!J0' :1''' .'1::11:;1 lib

116

42]

606

)1C'n,' 01;;11 O'1.ln 1,,'C"

,n~

'J1

Hrn~" '1.l~11~ n'rn1~C'J l'IVni1.l 'J i1.l1~J
~jjY'

m"l'J:l1

~1i'::)i:l

}l;rl'T1 l\VOJ t"ni m:i

~'!7~:l'

;;"Hl~~ n'rn~~ ~"0~ IV1'J ')7J 1J1
H~')7~ ~11111.l ~lm '~nJ 1C'ni1.l ;;'rnl~C'l

H"J11P'1.l)l11'PC'1 i11N~ ;;"~1.l1 Nip' NP~O~

p"'!:l.:n "p ,'-J
Nl1l1~ N~')7~n NJIVnN~ "~1' il1J~

N~JJ NiC'P NiC'P~ ')IJ 'l1J~
'm~NiVU ~J )1'J)I'1 Nrnm'n1.l1 nm1 NiC'P
... N,'n'i Nl1'NiV ]'J N'1J~1 Nl1'NC' ]'J
.•. O'i'on l1:!'n1.lJ op'n, 'Jl' 'l1N1 X1.l~)lJl

n'rnl~IVJ C"n'1.l11X1.l ~J Xi ~)l1
'pJ~' l'\'l?J:ll\::lI.i1l\n"vJ::
;''''ilJ :J'n:;,

"l\~

01N ;;C')l1 o'n~x '1.lN'l
rnN' Xp'J rnl~il O,~ NinN~ )I'" Oil{ ~'JIVJ iUl~J
fI7O"il 1'1",:1

1"'"

- O'l~n JniUJ 'lC'pn '11IV~n niIVn 11.l 0"10'J 0; 11.l)1 iil; 0'1.l~ n~'~nn '11.l'1C' ,1"1)11.l
l1C'lnm 111J 'In',n 'l{'il)1'i ~~N .0'1~J n,,'iIVn1i'Ul11.ln IVnin 11)711rn o'nnl11'n ,o'~,n
nC'ii;; 1~'X1 ,(111'1;;

n,

~C'1.l111'~J 1'1)71n OipJ JX1J1 ;;C'p w,n '1~Jn '1J,n - rniJ~'n

n"i~'C' '11~'i N1nC' ,'11C'n,"J '1~iC'" ~C' l1'11'X' 01~inn ~)7iVil~1.lJ l1l)7C'1

,mn i~OJ

lro 1,'l\i' nrn::J. ,Cil\;"t "OJ il::l'T1~i '1""10' i'::l1il - O"b:l ntvmiil ;'YU1i;j I1b""::J i'i":lii

.;;~'~m ~C' 11N1.l n1Jl1.l1'~n1111'1~~ O'ip1.ln 'lC'J .'O'J n,'C' X'11

nrrt O'J"~1.l ni1l1 'C'li'n l1i'1.lN1 nX1J1n )1i'1.lX 'J ,pOX ,n~1)7 ~')7'?C' 0')70pn 11.l
'X1l11.l )7~C'n 11;1J ,n,'~nJ 'X1l11.l111P~i7 C"i1;; 1'l~Nl~n ;n~'~m 11.lTJ rnp~i'C' nnlJ~
"il\i l,.,~it ni'~Y;'7 ,;"'11;' "~'1i1 ;nn:l.l:i ,:17"011:1?tO

,i17j'l110:i nN

'n""vy';, 'i"7~ iil"";' 1':11:1 iO"~:J

,1":7;"'1 nN ,o"'n;, ")7;' 111'\1 ;,yun;, iOin n~ ):t',7,) iDY;'

liN' Y01V;' liN ,O"T1;'1 1i~ ,;'Yi.:lTl;1 JiN "'3"'~ ,n~n TlmY7 ,O'bi1

"0'

110" ':;)

19'01:-17

.rmbii 1'lN ~N'

0')7Jl1C' )1~0~ nl~'l - "~;lJ 1,10' OiX' - "~1111n ,'nn~~nJ O'Pi~' i~OJ O~ us .ninon
11t1'0"1;J'J11< 7t71l.:iOm11\111:i n?:lp OW7 :iii:)] ,"K:lJ.l\":i.:i nXb n'Y1U ;'Tl'l;j~ ,'iJ11':; J'11VV p :!p:l'
.t?J"H'.Ji'~Y' ,::1 ,1;'11T;-;

mv1.:

,':IVI1 ;lW :il1C':i .69--68 ;36-35 1l.J;J ,Nl:!1;):J. CC'1 ,1989 :J.':J.N:'n ,::':J.1-:
.~m;i'J:l:' NiDO::!).

jittl::l';', fib1i\;"l1 1'11\;";1 10Yfi1' :i'1'O>,":2N Don::/<:

p-c ", .p-z'nn m'i~

"7

,n

~101 ::l"ii 1:11 ,~;

'i' Dr;i"tfi ;orrr 1!J07 Vil':1::; nY-::J.1bJ' ;iO'Emtim ,"111'0;"1

117

118

607

~7l' Tl1n'Tlll

[43

'i!I1'" c'on' 7i11 1m' ~11iJ ~":i:~ Jt!"'11l11'~ m'10'~ p nl11.l~ 11\ ,C'1l1ll.ll.l
')7
I, '-v rn:pn:2
; ijj:i~i:l:;'

"i')~ti ,i~j:ll)i'

;'1~1:S~

mV1J i1JC"~ il:l',:J 17 ttl' li1itrblZ7 1::1'7:1 ;"Ini

... ~Tll.l~l1l.l ~mpl7 ~:i:l' 1\1~11
... ~pl1111111l1 DlIll DlIl.l
';, rl'J:l~ C"X~i~i1 c'l~ni1 C"UiI

~"lplJ

POll11'

crnl'\ i'l7N: lY").~ iN:

119.'~ TI'Jlll'lIlll C~'7l1 '1l1\ll1

P

,11~~ I1'X ,"JTX 'lll'X " ,~X C'X~11l1lX 11 m'J m';;D'~~ 1";;11 '11 C'X'~l C"lX'TI

'b 10~~ rrr9:;~N:l ii'iVYJ ib~'9 Nli1 ,'tly;,

"'J'!.i

,;Jj,:;;'1ii

T'i1TiW 1:>:::l C"i1~'i 111/~;' ;'}\b7l
:Jl11J Xl;; lJl .0"l'lI"

n~"'tl;J' '::11 ,:>~ il'un ilK) jj'~' 1:17::1 Iii n"::lY' niX' i"I';'1'1
.my ~J~l' mJ~' ,m'l~D mJl1nllll'~ - mXl mY:i:IlJ1
J2fJ.;'i';"li'ii ;'ii'.'JlQ.lii iiN'J iiiVt\ f'.:I',i;

-

1'J'3i"tv O'rJ

,1rJ').ll11'J~ 1JJIl ~llJ ,1l1'JJ l'll~ 10JXll~

l'JTI' lT1'J O~ '11' 'lJ mJ'l ,'xlm
m'DJ 111Jl1nl.l1 m"JY "1~'~ '~lIl px 'Jll j1JJ, 'lX,
0"l'lIl11Ylli O~ 0'lI1111'1l O"l~t:I O'llJ l:i:'J'~'l

121.0'J'1l~ 'l~' ~~:r'~ 1'~m'1II1'iJ l:rn" 0)

9)) 1\1,1\:·' - j:l,Vii m'1fJ xrn .inN py ,:.: rn 1m~ ,1'1 O'::JV~Jl o"n"J nmv 0,'
,p1t:'vrl!' rr111;"li.i ,N':lll'n:Il\ Ciii:lN 'Jj
1110'0 "Jl0'N'
'!.lO V,,~t1 ;' ... ·~m'

nJ - VnJF1t.7 10;:' 1111
,,"ovn c:r'V'l1'

,V

""1'

.1\' 'tly

,Oti 11Y ;'11lt'iil ."::11:;:1 p,n:: J";l-l\"Y 13 ,"lUi;' p7n::l91'1:J;l ,( 104 ;"Y;'1 ,,'y?) ii)'U;;'Y i7JKO :r')1

119

n~1nN:2 O'.:iii.l"l"JD r",n:i 11l{'r 7V 'l1"b;'i 1,,3J "J"ur,JUnli"l ."Ji;;;; 1'7i1J l{"Y 8 /i:-JN:ii p'au 83 'n,

.(01DiJJ'j.:Jin7 0"":;","110 ,O'ViP,' Vii',J

m"1,::.m' ; 'ii,JNO,J ;'iK'''lO'O';j

.127 'n;; ,N":n:m J":lX 7n ,it'J;:l'l:: nil1;-m ,'i)H\ 'llY7X ''17l{"1J\Ul ~7"tJ :;)1\1 120

0';;:;; 111J"i' 'NJj1J l!lYi1"U'!l

7V 'm"'J VV.Y'i:7 J11i"01iJ Nrs)'::!, In'J 1rmm 1nr ';:) ,pI' .111 1i:J);

ruun 7011;);'1 11n;'1 11"1;)1 K"Ll :113'bi tn:m 7:Jv il1mtl m1j:J7:Juru ;J171' : I1W:,nJ 01']7

r7;'i "11)30 "T 7Yi

.crn 1:1 l'X'L' ]7111:1 1:m:lV 11:1;") 1':n

o;")'~m

,:h CPj7111i'J1 o':m Cl"n;'i

'on N7i'Jl1lj 'lJii'L' 1;; .ii1;,,! 1'1;'111:2;; 7N 11:1:' 10 cl",n:n CFi'.') 1X:::l ern plOi') C'N7!J:l11 C'1.i
rillT1 I'P10 ':Iv:! llI11.i C!'Uii ", 1\'';) "J'::lO ')1;)1 1'113
'U3;J i1W\:'-' 1""1::£1 .pi;")

O'7J "110;"1 1':1
"pi;j;,,) "l.i le'l.iJ

,:m :"iD"' C'V i1';"V 1'13 1U3:l'V

Ji',j pi;") PiO:::ll')X m:n.:iJ1ji';;, ro l-i'S:!J'

1\'

,DV

'\:f '!j':1DO;J 1tJ'i';"):.! m.

pil iipl.iil

.1K!.J' C''"1'7i:n tl":Jjj1O'b;;":1 .)'pi:J'V

in':J;; "JDij C!'1i.i71:J111::l C!"1::l1)j'C' Cl"PlJi1.ij] Cl'7.lT'l 1:J~>1n'l'i'n' "I:J:1 ~U'011'7:J'7 Tn '7:J1J ;'1rmm :1!J~' li

I1V'1~ ,::1 1"'1:J ,f"11l'iJIX'VtH'J c'~n

'''' tJ~'n c:ri,j 1l\::l

;

I •••

"i'i'.i::l 'iUl\:J VlJ1:J OJ] 11::lJ"/.;' 0"1);'1 nn "11J::I:;'1 :?"Ol

O"i':J l\1;; ,'V"j] Ti}(:ViJ'.:J ;-m:m ]":1 11'1/"1' ;'1/.:1;'11' ;iN'" .FiJVi1ll'l N" 'X1V'"riX::l tJ1JiJl

: 1J 'ij;; ,i"J'Vm 0"7\7',1' ,:Jpy~ J1)!'71n ,'X::l), 1=1

;'''y op

/IX1

""i:J 'i 7:iN rn ]'1'yl p7

i21

44J

60S

'~n'~~J O'p'~'

P

;;,mRDOn1 ~l7Jnn l"J )1'0,1 'DRl.l'1111'IJ' O"plV .p OR,'1.l1? ?::m

O'l.ln 'lR'n ;O'DOpDc 'llV plV "Jcc 17J 0" O'l7m? r~ l~ X"lll7 ',? rn,,,~c lV"'~"I
l1?J";) :1l1m:llV ,0':n'lZl;1 0'7""1 )1'pl7 ?l7 001Jl.lc ?Vl.l
)i''':Ji~ O":l1'Wi1 o"'~:i

?'IV '1t\b t],!10'~0 "ib"'~ 'l:J

1

OJ,

"1:l N"TIl7 " 7~R c,'~nc"l

lj'lNi i:l:J .N~ibjj~I1"i'J? i::l)ib

om"t'i'i

,'lnJ-'''O pn~' r ?iIl17JiVl.l rnl:l1pn'l7 l11101.1J 1117
?JPl.l rn1~7l O"l'p 9X X7~ ~?'~m p' ~, ;cn?~no O'P'~' ,~OO '0

,l7~17n 11"'1lV' "00 11J~l7 o,Nn l1lpnn 717

rn'b? x"n Xii' Ii

J117n

)1'Pl7n '"10' ?l7 ;)P11.1l7 l1'D~DOPN

.ill\b i'iiVi'li:J ~';'iV /0"':l1ii1 1'111~bjj ni:Ji:i' : Nii;J Ii 1:1 iV7~nC'fj\t7

tli'll'J 1'11iil1ii';'i ;"I,:)i::lii

,ill''',;;?

,it' 11iJil:J

n1l71.1'V1J

n.m:J' u.,"miJ i1l1"'.J.,

'l:J pn"" ?In,,.:~r.J;'

rvom

t!l~li'ln iii;)

l1l1'1J l1N 'Nl1' ',0 ,?NiV"ll.ll~1NO '7110);1' l1l"ll.lJ IZ'IJl1lVl.l N'll7 " '0 0" pl1" IN ;m1~1.l;)
c""lO,J n,'~n;; p' N' "m,o ,l1"I;)'N' "00 "I'l1"Il7"1l11011~"I"J 0" "ll.l~l7 rpm, 'J"lpl.ln
'n':lFl' l1l11.10 1Z'17J'lZ'c .rn '~"l7 ,p'l1"Ilnl.lO n11~1.l~ 9N N'N ,l1"IpO" '?O rn'n? n'1\7l7

o'p'~' '~OO Oll.lN n'"I~7l 11 1'l71.1 rnl71.1ill7l ;nl"l10' "1Z'"ll.l' n01'pn l1"Il7l.llZ'l.l 10"lnO NlV"ll
:'nn,~no

.'n' 111110l7' ,0"..'110l1 O;)"Jl ,1'iIllnO NO 'nN ,~
,"1,1170;)"1 mpn '~N ,m1l7;) 1I7N'0 '~1117l7pnnO nnN1
,''l'::l~:l

;,,:; 111;)1J11 jI'iin :1J:1

,'~"llZ'n nn'p" n1D"l1I7~ 1'"
,"10 p'm~, l1"I~l.lPl.l Tl1"Il70~N
,111l7'pl1 O'l7lnO n11Z'1.l1Z'7l '1pn "0"1 1l1i1l'11l1'J

l1"Im~l7 Tl'l71 rn'1.l1l71""'1 n1J"llZ'p l'llN nl"nn
,0",;;, 0"l7'1 TP,n ,n'1
('01Z'1.ll1) o'"I,m nO"lon nlZ'"ll7 p"l
122,711111n [0 N"pm l"'Dnn n'll.ll nn17ln l701P"l]

O~l.l'

rrrrc nJ'l.l, 10 117'1 ,"00 17J~l7 O'Nn

'1N'n, "N7J J1'p lNO 'D'1I70 ,'l7'pnn "N'l1

iIll1l'1I7n ll"n, - '~llZ'n nl7'pn ]1.l10 91)n l1l"l"lO Xp"l"1Z' 1"ll71.1 ,('o'"m O'1)7'l') l1"I'l7~nn
'O~l.l

123 .nml.l,'?iIl

('DNDOpN;r) 'm,n-'l.l'lDn 01'P? ;)l.l""J nNO"l7Jn N'n - cD'lZ'l ',JJ
n)i1:,lZ.m:;

;'1~":lji

tPJ1"'Y:i O'Vl\1:1 "

.. ,'i\7

]'j'"::1 1}::lli:1 ;-U;'1

:11\;"[ r.1Il1D.l1i1l\";'11
1'ri111j 1/,\V7 OiV;')'

1]1"n 7J J"11PV:1' :1:l1liliTl;i ;-::n:1:1 N:,nnliV 1;;

C'J1"Y:i

,y r:mm1J

,l'p'nn iI,g-')i1 ,ow li;'l ',;;

yD'l,';'i1 rYU:1 lim!) '"1' 7tm;-; ':J
.rru e-rn ,1::1:11 ,V1;J 01U1
"1;;"11 ;"il{11 ;7"'-6 'bY

,,"m?:!i!J

tJ'i"1El

122

1. Weiss, Studies ill Eastern European Jewish Mystlcism (eel. D. Goidstem}, Oxford :1"9 ,1inV;-; ~tvu,

123

609

'11::l.1J O"nnN'

11'J111' n;7U11 11~PJ7.ln :l;71J11 11~17' 0"J1P1J:l

,n

[45

ln111~ 1111:l1J:l orp 1mJ 0'J117:l ~un

'~1JJ:l JX1J:l no'~11' 1111~J K11;7 '11 ',m'X:lJ 0'i'1~' p 111"Ji'1J 1111~"P P'11J:1 .:itl'\!I
n7N D"~1JJ 111P~' 'JX1J ':1 1711DtlJ :i1(:iJ D'I(Jn 0'1J'J .1111'n>, n"1(1 1111DI(1l1 JXtl;)
/?N''iry "

,tv

iin'mJj1 b~lO~ n~

1:1'

,":JT' i1n'l1::1i1 iJ~VIJ .i1"::l11i1

F"T

l1X 0'- O"::J'P~

:'l1.lX;7 :iX1'17 T:iX "D11tln'
,lIiVii ,~ i1.l1::l l1"if' ":7In~ii'

l"~:i ';7

,m;7

,1'11DIIIJ1 1J7J ~J>'111J
O',J,1J O'~ln 1:i1J' ":11 mllln~ 1','
.0";71l1 O'11n

1'p,n ,11'1

0'J1\7 m'1i' O';7J:l1J 110' 1('1
.X11J1 711] 171J 'lD' X1,'1II '~7
,:l:11J mnnlllm ;711:1 pnn1J l1Jl:\7 ]':J7.l N:1,n1J
,111l:7D:ll :l\7'i'17:l1"X \7'~'1
; 0":1111:l 071\7J 117DJ nl( I(X7.l'1II ,\7
111111n11J:ll1J 11111( :l1('l:1:l1 :l'Dl:l

1111~l

:l)ll:Jl

.1:l1J ,nOll(1" 171(:11

.V~O 1~

n'n' 1(7111 :l1J \71J17'1 :l1("1 :l1J,1J:l n:1:l 0)1 ~'J'l

,0'J'J)I:l omN 7N 11nl( :l~"1JJ O:l 0"J1)1:l1 0"'11;7:l1ll '~71
,0:l7 O"l(lJ1J O'l'">,J ,n' O'I(l:1Jl 0:l1ll 'D7

124.0"':l1Y:1 b':J'iO 11,)::1 0'1';';;::1 tl':l" iiJi1
:('1JI(1J:l1llN:iJ PP1X1J:l) urr 'p17.l 1(1:l1ll )llJpJ ,1(,1)1 " 7XI( O~ 11l1J,l 111,'n)l n"I('
'nViii yy .,'0 '1:l,'n:l iiTJ KX'i'::Jl
1

,'n'-'ii' " nyw ;''0 :91l' 'I ;'!i'~ ;"il N:'::lJii mi'~'

"J~:l"

11)1 i" 1 :l7.l)l in I(n' :ll1'7\7:l1ll~)J rrmern :l:11:l l111Dl :l';77.l:l i"iX:l P '>'1' :l' Onl'1J:l
O'i',:i 1:;'0::1 ytlpii lTOj'ji1::l T1iji X1;'1W '::l:J f;''.H\~ 1,3"';"11 /iVlb"iV' 125. J n 'I" "11;'7i1

;'1 l' 17'111 '1IIDI( 11( ,1l";; 1J1II 71(',1;; ',1 1(";; " 'J11:J1J >,PpJ ,:11) 1l'l(
11m1ll 111'7:111 '~10

P

7Y .119-118 !1JY ,(23 il';,"" 7'):71 i1i'·t?O'~J
Cr71:J"li' ,j'j'!:l;i71JX O;riJN

126 /:ln7l::lJ

:lJnJI(:l ,11m,i' 0'n;;7 ':1 ">':l7 ')1,'J .m ~ln '111 o',nl( 0"1J'nJ

7:m

nrrorn ,.1~"jj:l~'l\~fV

IPOO'J:jil ii'11M;"; /il'N :1:1';'1

;JpJl :tl). ;"INi) .1985, p. 71·74

rJ ,TlliiU:i ,mn:n:i T''')i:! :i.rn ",::iJ C1l\i1
.55-43'ljy i22 rnzm 47-46'DY ,n"o:on

'u>'

,;'1ii1:;;'1::1 C'P'!)

124

~"\OO' :i'iD;'l ,1"711Jl'1 C'7llJ'11' ,i'r7UC1 jt7:lp;; l'1JJi'i:l "0' 'i'l~ ,,'Jl:1 :l1m c"v C01911J 00\71,1:1 ill\""l

125

.8-7

.196-194 'bY ,';1':lP )11;11 :l10il :l'nn~

C711J -n 7':J::I N1jl1 ,,'lY'Jll'mVb 1':1 11'1':1:1 llJUilVrJ ~1i11O ';:J:J 1::1 v;:)]wr ,177:J:I thy::! lJlutm 0'>," ~7,J
,(8 ';:);;) ')'Vb

126

46]

610

lii'\'ttt~:J 9~ " i1,;:'i';j nUiW m't'O'b 111'111'1:1 l"Y';' ;n'm'~'b ~'i1 l1'tlO'7,m i'i'im:1 !\'teJ
nl"'i'nYi11i"Xi'~(;")'1'1,);'''') 'Wi'O'W'il rX ,111"1')'11i11 ni"1V;'i ?'tt71'1"~ ""'00"'1'11'0 ittnt::;
l~I'i'J ~tlJI1IJ 1l'~ ~"JIV' I1n~ ~'lln rJ '1J~~ 127. 'tl~tl0i'~~ ~Jl)7~ J:m, ~1'rIOJ 0'1IJl)7
1~ ;~l~tl0i'~ 1~ ;'1V17J'1V' 1~ ;1111'11)7 11"~1 1~ :17J1'~) 17J!)7 'J~J 1n~ 0'107J p1l1 'IV

~1~ 07Jl'i' 1'7J11 ~, .0'J'J1~~ j'J ~i"m p'~~J 1111' ~,~ (111P1 1~ ;11n'~ 1~ ;111'nm
128 .111Jn1m~

lllVlnl1J l11i'7J1V 111l11V 1111"JlJ ,]1~11' 111'J 117JN~ ,~,~ ~"')7 0'10J

1"m '0'''''0;') 1;"b;Jtl Tlt\''::rbl m'~j'j: 'nurarn'rt ,o"::nn:1lJ O:1i:.lX' 'i '':J?
,,:JV? tVp:J7,jil 1'tmil \In.:J l1::l:!'Jii 71"'11 Vi 'n'~'j;::m ;'lVi'Pil' 1'::17 O'Xil rJ i:m, m"ttl:9

1;1 ilJ\V

1:l'7Jli'7J~ 'l11:1X1 rJ ~,~ ~11)7 '1 'J ,1'Jl~' IV' rn )7i'1 ')7

129 .l11m'7J~

111J 'li~ r,~

11~1V1J~' rn 17J~7J nllElJ ")77 11001!7J~ 1I11V11' ~IJ1i'~~ 'Jl I1mm, ',Ji' IVI1'El I1J'nlV
1Wi'7~ Tl':lb n'n'~:i np'DO'7.1:1iti 'D:)1 .',,::1:J l:i 1ii'~b;'

,ynl1j'jit~'Xl::lj;'r:mr'tillb mp:;p, ;'::l'Xt7 1':1 '111ilb

7" ':J :-I;r:J.p::l :-Iii''!;: 'tl~"'0i't\ 'niX

",,'j

;"ii

~, O'l::lbiil P Oi1i:::lt\ 'i

~"J17J~ ~'71n:l 10~11J 9~ 1~ ,1El'~' - 11'110~ ]111)77JIV7JJI 1111~7J~ 111~7JJ i'17J)7 ]"J)7

't.'

l'J'

111V11l .~11)7 '1 ,!~ O~ 1J - l1'lEll~~ ~11n7J~ 1~7J ]~ 'J'O~O'17J~ 1!~ ]7J 1~ ,~'N O'J~7J'

1111'ElO~ I1'Ji'1 ~O'~ 1n7J 11'~1JJ~ ~'Ji'~ 71V on'J 11'1' )7miV ~7J~ ~)7'1'~ l1Jn1~ ~1El~
~i"OO'7JJ O~ ,11'7J'017J~ l1'Ell!~ ~i?'OO'7JJ en ,~ ,17Jl' ]11'l .1111~7J 01'i' ,~,~ ~O'~ 11'~7J
il,:n:mil OiT::l,1"I"::JPil ;"ii"t?O'bJ 0;:'1 ,O"Jbi:i P o:-n:Jx Ij

0'111Vi'~ 11')7ElI17J-I1'N1JJ I11i'J1

?IV

,tv l\U"'j'j~n':lb

Tl'1iii'il l1':n::I:i

O"O~tl0i'~ 0'01El1 0'7J"i' 1'~ ,"Ell0l~'I1' 0'11)7'

~i?'tlO'7J~1 m7J 1111'ElO~ I1'Ji'J 11111i'7J~ 0)7 9!1 'IV - 11N1J t:lJO-m1i'll.1 .1111~0 01'i'J
11N'm m pl0J

P

'30 .IJ)7

101 i?n~' '1' o"n~ 1~1N 1~O I1N O~ pnJ' IV' - ~1O l1'Ell~~

.10n ]"1)7 ,"~J ~'Ji'J O~ 10~ ,11'~1JJ~ n'Ji'J 1111~0~ 10)70 'IVO'IV~ '~1'1JlmEl~

,1111!0 01'PJ I11J1Jl I11JI10 p, I1mn p ~JnJN~ 110"i' ~11Y '1'1V l11J'nJ'J ,1"~' '1~1

'i, ani'nil 'O'Jlit'Ni"

O'7J1i'b7 jiJilJi1111iV' 1J..J::J 'Wi/J"IV', m1'ny n"~1

.354-357

'~::')j;'i

'IV in [J)1 i'l':l71ni't:l r':llib

127

Joy ,iUi"1'),J ;"l7Jpi1 ,tl1'V :llTlJ .7X'ity

7v n'O'O:l:11n\:;'), lil\ 0), l"Dl\7,j ,Ilrvii rl11pJ r,l\ 0" O"'1l7!)l\bJ ,P~j1 71\ 11\ ;'iO'Dl\, ;1l1),;'1;'i 1")11
l':::l7 U'J n071:) JJ7::tp;r IN:J '1:11 .IVO'1TOO 1y":1 :11 'i
.24-23 'n;; ,(13 ili110 ,try?} :1P'OO'b::l m,'on;,\

128

, ii:J",'JDll·rrV ;,p:n :i1/\1 .7N'iT;l I"~ 1\11Y '1

;'J'7"T1' :pitlj1

,j,"7vmO'7V,,1

,'111 l'" m";'ib ,OVii '1:11;77 i"OOl:!ii ,0":11,)';'11=1 C,'1::lN 'i

:7Vb' ;"iN'

G.D. Cohen, 'The Soteriology of R. Abraham Maimoni". PAAJR, 35 ::i11Viil J'-),' 'iJ':J ,':l'1m

129

mp1r1:

.('.l10'n 0;;1::11\ 'i ,Iii:) :1'7ii7j (1967·8), pp. 75-83
'mm:J:1 milt' T1b~y" 7'itiO b-m:llJ Vli'n n"l'i1::lJ;'i n7::lp0 jl1'bl1i1N7 i1::1'O Olyt ';i :71'l{ 7V '"iJ1 i1ilV:1 130
,tn'l\ i'il:J;"l it, Tin"1liJ .(11 Tii;771 ,114 '1::, ,[13 ;n::m ,t;.'y7) 'Ti"i~7~'1 li'Xi:ll;"l j17::lj?:J ii:ti:' rrrrrcrrn
.n'i)X'm i'i7l\V7 Oli"'nil Xi,i

":;\1 mi:i7.'1'1

"nyr:h O'C'l1"D l:::nJ X7 O"t?/\t?oP/\;'i O":llP1j,iV 1J1;:.

7IV 07IV7i ':117iJbi.lDJ;l1X'Ti;J ipn7J::l ion 1"1;7 'J V")'"'l:i7:!ivn ill\',;i

lmynV7J:l1 Jl1nr;:: pm;; 1"17 0"111 ,7tr1j'

,1J)) lbi vii::;;" 'i

':mJ

n'Nv,

1mnJ

i::l:l7J ,'nJ,;,ifi'

.;"i7/\ C1'7::l1pw

'J

,mn 0).1

::l1pJ r",:m Oi"?

tJ1tn

.'lViD;"i i'lO':lliN 0," 'Jpn i:41;11

Q4UCLLU ~fiiO' l:r~t Ot'St (Ql:LlLU ClLU1, UI ' f.Q, Cll"

t£I

).l!1.;..'l:G,l: H~:N.UlL L'ct.an..r
N"t:14.''lGd..! lWN"UlL L!Q"OQ".' ciJtL: ~r.,.,' GLJ"a

:::.:]::.,1.:

Celi/"U' ,Ll.7;"'O 066!

14L!4:

Qf.a OL(.UO C'; uldL"O ~UU:l en!: t...L!..!' QUdL"O: cLl' 1.., NCLL!C ct L!Lm::"O:
Nt. c.:UCUnI 4LLl t.'~l:.J u.; t:C'.(~X~L CRL'

££i

uxu t/ZlLt!..!

lEI

:>u4' NtLL!O
Nd.';' ,l'fCL!.:Cl

(.Q, ZZl' 9ZZ'

C'4 ULl..! 4!LlQ.."Gl.; euu, L!c.-Gi.. ,tL~"L! il4l..!LiI.i...!: 'CUlL: " tto.LiI,J. l6.lLU' ,-.,dlCl.i...!LUUI' u4Nt"t: UC,C"l.:
In {.""l' 4aa,,: L:c.:aG.c 4.nU::Ld.:ao' ClL:LllL! LlL: tel co QL!LlLU r. Ln!' 1.14 NC"C 686!' ti:Q, 09' l.'I:".l U'lnc::.;
L~l ,~,L e" .f.L"LI.! l.\e"L Lr.I.\L "L,I.!

ul CL~I.\L

LUI'. ~LN L~LN LCL NUL'

c~Lccll.\e"L Lr.I.\L Cl.\e" U.Lf."
LNI ,LlIllU ~, ll,,~,L
,,' ,LNU "L eN,,,L Ne"L eollLLU
NO cl Ne,,,u "L,utll" LLL UClI.\"
CO.L.L ,CI"UClLU UI.\O, ClLCL. L, NeLUO CCI.LL.I.\ II" ULL:U N,ULL 110 Ul1le" U.LII,,:,,\

t:ChGLQ c!QL"C

al,~

ULL"l.! .LU.U aJ.NGaJ.L. 'iCCLUJ.! 'Co

/Q"QQ"LI/'

QLLclLcl e,LI.!L.l.\eLLl "U~,11 N" QAe UN,ULL' UUU~"LI.! L~UI1lLNU - L, eu ci, "clelr. c, QLLeL

~UU,L.U "ULL,U IIIU Ill" ClA,NlU I.\U,N QlIeL. "Qr.,NLI.! ud"QI.!' I.\clLO ,,~ u~",L Uel.\LU
Luu~e"u Lcle,1I1.! UMAlL ~LU, I1llr,O ~O CClQ~LLU rLLClNCl,C,LI.! znrur "lIr,LI.! LlIu:

t:~':. ~AQL - l.!L"L.:" ClG'il.! ~f.:AO l.!NCUCI.: ai,~Gc"n Ulld.! N"Ul1••U' Old NlGt" l.!OlGl.!' WC"Ol"
Qr.,NLU UClLI.!"Cl' Qr.,NLU NULl.!' Q~1I ueLlL CULL:U N,ULL 110 Qr.,NLI.! ll' UOlN"U NO QLlCL
NULL NI.! LCL.,: el.!,Cl.!l 01" L, NCLUO QOlcl.1.! ULL,U IIt'1lclu 01" t'I~1I C"I.!,.Nt'lr.II, 110

CUll,,!.! C:"OO:"U" cct
ucl"o t'lQ• ...:.! ci, "clCLII I.\t'lLlCL. CNLO NOlL. Net ULLU ULL,U LI.!,I.! 1I1U I.\ll.OlL "U~L,LU

C~l.!r"LI.!' NeLL' IILCLU OlN,rru t'lcl"u

f." UL,Ll Ct'lOltLIL' OCLLl.!r: sc INI.!' c, ~O ~Ult'lL

o.cl N1LClL.,1.! L1U,LU' ,01 "leLL Olu"cl t'lU,CLL,L

1.\" L, NCLUO'

CL"" ~u"cl UUOllC ~d

trLOlN"C NUl.."O J.!lN QNL."L 'CCU,,'CLIL' NL cll:t""t'""C a.uOlu"d1.! "Gl.! 'il.!C' ~L.ll:UL' CU"CUl

t'i"

Lt'lOLeL' OCLl NUL,O rll UULclL.,O Olel.!,CI.!L CNU' Col U,I.!L' t'lMt'I,o N.L"L~Cl"O~ LNt'lrO

1.. 1 NCL.l.!O

tl

l.!L.e:ttuC· l.!L"Lt CULL.!'; l.!l..U"U l.!Q"QCl"l.! a,4 L./ N'CL.l.!C tll.!L.Q'CIIO l.!lN QLLCC

uc.our LLt'lLI.! 01" Ut'lAC UrcLN, et'lAt 01" UU~"ll.! ueLLL cLcLL NclQClNCl, t'lr.L,ll.! ~q Nr."
iuncr.u t"l mc"wc' zu

L:C!~ttWI L:QLf:"4 ~4 UlL~U l.!i2"G1'i:4lU' Lti:4l.!1"dL.: WS.U..tIoU

L:ULL"l.! L!~"UlL"U' l4tl:t!100 'iNL' QCU"CW QUlL",l! "al ~L!~"L. 6:4 Ua1d:ll! d..LQL al'i LIL!'i"L L!!.!CnlLU
L:J..L.'CU",,,OI ~t:;2"NL!

r:xw t.:L!L!1:4lU !.!t'"Cl~"U l.!CL.lCL! t:Lt:lL. wnt:ti t:~CLU;

te" UdClf.,O Olf."n cuo ilL eu N.OlL. u,u "UAC,III1" t'lcru clCLf.

4~\l"O

uu, l.:1..'l:nlU

1.\" ULL,U tf.,,1.! ,Q"C,q

~44 N4':U~410 LtC! ~~4 L/ N'CLL:tJ tlwL.C.!'CuOo 1u
let ulIrcll.! t'lOlMll.! t'I,lULU "t'I~lll.! 1I00U em, cxnu "N I.!1I00U' NCUnl.! Ut'll.,r.LI.! cl,,1 ~O
Lv]

,NWU"O CLl:Ll.,

119

48]

612
1'1.ln 7)11~:I 7:1V 07:1V :llV' I~ ':I •.•

'Yin:i ~t.;: n:Ji1 17:) r.::t~ ~:i
;')(I:1l:; m "11tl7 17)1'1

.(~ ,J 7~1') '"1V:I 7:17)1 'm"1 n~ 11~V~ p '"1n~ ;":i1' ::lln:lV 17j:l
;'1::iYtlii 'ii1itv " iiXiJ

.rn Y~P

,tv

"':d"ol'tJuX:1 iiVi':ii1 Iii:'( t;r:tfii' O~";'1J o""l',ni1 "';' ,~

n17Jn:i7 rrrrrn 1tl 071K .111177:1:1 0)17 lK 11tl:;7 0'1:';' n'"1nK:I 111"1P7 1'n)llll ;'1::1 ~1;'
':lIY'~ - ''''jj''':i
1:i7 00"'1~t\

I,

r-ru

.,~ :iXiJ jjJMJib '1"'~ ''''9' i::lTJ;"lljDO::1 jjJ,"n~m

v'p:"! rm n.:tWi171

~~tv - \1n1ii1'im""n,~ imn;-n "1:JiV'j,:i 11'''n01Y::l P!J1iOt:"l Oil\. 1:P';' /OID:1
.:;10 071)1:1 1:1 0'"1:11;' 11:"pn'V

7K ;'7':lllj;' n'l:ll1: 1"11:11 m)01j:l :;7'~n:l Vllj'V7 111"11"1:1111'11)1 pV' O:;"1:1~ '"1 ':In:l:l
''':l,i7.)i1 O"Oii ~";"I ;""'t)T'1:1"':; O:ij:lX'i tV'.,j,'~ '''''DTI N' "':l/OJ7:iX Ir"~7 tv'" .n"~·nJj;"'l ;'''I1n:i

7)1 ;'~"1l:l ,:;7'~111111111:1n:;]':1 111;'7 O)ltl:l m:l'll':lnJ:I O'lIV 1111:1ptlJ 071K ;nI7)n:;7

'i 'W /'\'0):1 iWi,"'[}

,'nil 1'\1".:1Y'

U5

.i1"nn ow, m"'11':ln;'i1

mtl i1:J'IV n"nl;' 1:Ji' '1D'"

0l1l~ "1tllV "111ll1:;' .n'v'~:; In'llnJ "1Jl1r.:;V 1:1 7)7 0'1)7 97K:l1')7tl1~ C1'7:;n7 O:;"1J~
:1:l'lll11;' ;":l7V 7)7;'K"1V:;;'l :;l:l:;:; n'11n 7V 11~'n7 nJll:1tlll1~ ,r,1I1Imn:i 7V m)0Il7)7

O"Y:l1.Jif 1))' '::l:l1 "':11)7 Tlt01nn ,rn,i'll'{1'l;"l

n~11n

,n"'r,Y'Jn m,,.1:11'1ii

llntl ~J:; 7)(;' nJV7 Vilntl "11J1 n1:11Il1ip:; m"1

n)("1v:;

,n"J,~"n

m"':llm

1)( 1117)n:; .npm n1V)"1n;,tl

,)6: 11 m"1

n~"1V;'

n'jl:1'n m111Jn:;7 ;'P1Vn:; mOtl ' ...:;~O:Jl'
••. n"~'l~O;'11ii"i:lni1:"1'X :)"j,;', N'l;'
,'XiV':::l.tZi ii""O

"','n' n:r'w'

CP 1" '0it i1'1 O"X":::lJii ".J::! l:lfi"1"i,j"1i1l:l"X"::!.J;"l
...llIiP7j:; I1'J 11'JnJ
7:J1lI:; m07jl J7:; m7'01: '1' 7)7 m7)r,;,;, 0;'7 ;'~J.. .
... I1'7j'l~;' n1iil:1r,;,;, fllll1:)J
..."1J)n7j;, 1'lI7j:J m)l!')i:; O;"l')71: U71

;'7 l:l"i,j;;O ".J'O '1 ;'1""::;)::1,
917n1111)11 n~7nv I:l"nn 11~lpn 7)1"1)1:1;' Xl:; 111)(;'
••• Jl1)llnl)( )(7J
(il!;:'?f!) m::m::l1"ym" ,ii'i'7:"1 J:'jiOJ (f!7!:ln::!l ,';1:)]"' K\:i m,T,::In;r7 liJ1Vb;r V:iiil :rnO"J;1 ,'"n1'C' ,:iN' 135
.1'iDp '7::; :11j nii'iii.i ,Ct7;"i "':Iii" P"DOb:i .'r,'imrDN VNir, :17"7:2 '.:n '1:,1' (~' ,:1 ,1J'l\) 11:Jl\JV 11::
'b;J ,'TV:; 1Y:z..' ,;1111'::< pI': "n::. '17 m::'J7:i n1:if: :i1;; :iWL11

<l:rr l\':i :i7"<1 717!:lj)' :7itib? ,Wj)-;;yn

oy pt.nn '7:; lii:;mm 'lJi1IK:.l J:ill{ ''?J in'nil n;;: 1: 1,1::111'1 ,n'7N:;; 'JD lli"'n"v .•. 01';1 I1?!.iI1iJ 1m'

.'...ii::n.1 ~'li':i

'1!lC:

ii7"';'1 n'EH'
.J!iP '1:1;7

Tl1lP lJTJ 1::J1 ... 1p1~·r;

,env

,0'Oii '1:.11;17 i"::JC,WS'i

136

613

'i1:11::1 C'l1me

[49

OVj?lJb 11N n'Vm17'Y :1l'in n1ttl~'nil Nl:i 'Jt.7itl

,:', 11J1;1~ 7l/l:l 111:1 O'lVl piru ,mVl J;I'N;I ;I:l'JVI 1l:l:l
...,1/jl/ 1nN11,1' n:lT ~'O ~101
- 'i1"i?~ ;-TDY" m:l'i:l 0.:\'

,il7vn' ';' 7X 11';:)X'1.J 'n"7J! ")':;):11
N1n

1/j1~VI

1J1n Vl11'!l1

;]7l/11' Tn:l1l1Tn/j ':l
- Tn~1j?' O':l,,;]1 "'~ 0'!l~1V1;] Ol/ Tn:1Dl
111'~11;]n ~';]VV1j?;I M11:l1m~ 0'0'j?/jV1l/

: 11l:l~l:lJ ~ln 1l:l11 n"l/V

- •.."n 7X ,~ 'Jl1' '1VJ' ,:,'
...0;l'l1Tn:V111 on'l1,,';lll 11~ (;I,l/l1') ~':1 ':j?l:l
O::Pi'~ ;17;;31" l\1i1iV ,::tgbli1i'~'1

...10'j?711nJV' 11J1;1 mJ 0;1' 111m
m'lIl;l 0':l11: O':J,,;I:1 - "'11 ,~ 7'11l:l':J'" '"
.••!II1i'l:l;l 11': ,~ 0'/jl/!l1 0;1'11:: m111J);;I;I'~ O'IJlI!l...
••. I1'Xi:Jjil i1).W';'ii'l N'ilt:'

'J,

':l:l1 'J ;I~!II;l7 '~;I~V:1l:l 011"'lI'

mn

O"Y::2 iiJ''''Yii ;'I:!,iVil7 1:sr'''''iV 137

11m' 1!l1;1 01"i';I 1:!II :"V;I ,~ ;I":ll:l:J ;I"!ln;! 110'!l11 11~ ;l1n: ;l11l:: ~j?Vl:l rn )7Di'
'",'/j :,tt'J ;l1'Vj? m,J);;I;I .('D~DOj?N) "Y!l11/j' 'X,:J :,!II ,1l:l1':l ,Vl1i';I m1: O"'i'
17:1J;I ':l:: ,'11'IJ"m,n~);;I11'1111 mJ11j?;lT

:7V7 .01~;I 1111l:l 1:11V1j?;I 1111 1: ,;I'lIJ
1i1w)"n;, lini::l C'l::il: ;"" o,,'tm 1:l1t' :rsi'J 7' V":Ji',):l i::l1b O;'ii:lX', .O'Ul:ry O';;U)i·"i'.)
ll:lT: 1n;l 11~'11 OJ .;l1:'lI 11l/':j?11:1I1l:lT 11~j?1l;l

11v, 'O!llj?l:l:l 11~

'U'Il';I'!II 'Ill ;li'Tn

0"11;1 11!l1i'l1'l/ 1l/l:;1 :Vll~ 111'Jl1.1 llm~ j?1l:lY j111:J'!l1;J! ;;I'11n: lXl:1l:lV1'l/l:l ;lJV;I;I
;J1TnV 111Tl/ 111'11n7 0;1 1111l/ ,'r'l/1' ,;I,X 0'1:1 ' .... ~ll111mX X7: ~1'111111l/1 ;]!l,I1V
•ib~Y':l O;',:JX
;1,1l"l::l 1117':lP1J t7' n iiO'~l1' CDi} i1"Xi:Jl

tn:sy

'1~::i ni~ll'1i'J

o;"n:u,

'i ,~?\

!,

m7:niii;1

1:17: (iiJ1'"

"':np'i.'l

(::l' ,i5J 'nrn 'O';",\7K'i/ p~' C'Uitl ';:,/

11~ 1111!lV ;I!l'1I1l:l ;I'l/l1' Tn",,;lV1:' j11:Jnl

,-nx', ;ll:ll1;1 m,~m7 1:Jm' ;I,X 7l/
(' ,17 ';111) '11~ ;I~1l111XJ' 1/j~lV 1l:l:J

50]

614

,It)7Jit7fi i1X~ tv"'ii";j;"l iii:l

c,tv ~.Jm' nw l:t tv'l p~

,0"11JO: :1:1:1\:1 ''I:J' 111:X Tll:O O~ 1: \:I' lX

(J11,~m,) 1:1\:11"J)I ')ll'lX ~')I'IJ :1')ln' ':1 ': ''l:JXJ\:I nn
.m10n nx 0:1")1 \:I'lm
- \:I1J\:I:1 Xl:1
...:1'lX 0~l)1'I:J1 :1n?JmJ pU'l:J1 "~'I:J:1 X1;"
,:1,'~m no'~n ,;; '1'I:J77 'III~X Jp)l" pn:~' :1:,J, O"J'I:J,:1 p O:1,JX " 'lII1nlJ'II'~'I:J O~
138.'Xi:lJil

:l':m, I:l'l'vt~

:::l,tti:J ,i1:Ji:l;"l1}{

filly >,1' itl,,, mitriVIi 'l~ 'Y'1

:1;;11I :1J11X nX~'l:JJ :1"~X:1 WJIIIJ ':
,p 'J~' :1nnm1 :1nn'I:JlII J~'I:J'I:J :1J1\:1 J~'I:J:
:1:,J: nnJ1n ", nx~), :1~' X, :1";; X1;"
,1:1;;, nx III'X O'X:1 'JJ 0'J'J'l:J1II1":
,,'onm P"~:1 l'J?lllll": n":lXl)
\:I~J:1 (n'~10'I:J) 1JIII 'X1JJ ;;~\:I11n'I:J X'X

n':1'X:1 m,~n:1:1 1'I:J P'~:1'
.1J1\:1' ')lom';;:1' X1:1 ,'n)l\:lO"J,:1 nx
- ! pn~' n,;;'I:J '1'I:J m';;IJ :11J1 - O;;,J OX1

:P'J'X ,?lX
(J' ,D ''l:JJ) ',J" ''I:J\:IX 1nX '~J ':1 0'11I' 'IIIX nK'
II:l1'1II:1 1";; pnr 'IJlm 'pl P\:I ,J
;"'1J :1'P 'I:J ,~ ,;; X, :1J'J:1 nXl...
; J11;;DJ 1nK?l (:1KJ) :1J'J:1111

,m,

.. .:11'X ,0nJ OK 'J
pn' K7 :1,;;n' 1'7)11

...'7;; :1;;'~III?l:131':1 x, ,1n11~'I:J' mill '7: ':UK\:I ,'J J11;;D:1 :17n 171
OnJIJ':1 j:l O:1iJX 'i '~Xl ,!1'1:1I11KiJIV Xil)/ 'i 'iJ'J n',p';; mJ~l' Xl:1 O)l7J ,'l:ll:l
139.rrsou

tl',\:IP:1J n~1'I:JJ XJ1'I:J K1:1

O~ J11)111' 1':1 - 17111 O"'III~K m'1p?lJl - Xil;; " 7~ll Ill: U"'J1II 17K 1';;'I:J mo'~n
rn j:l1'I:JJ tl1 ,n1': n::'1'I:J :1'~;;71:ll t:I:1,JX 'i 7111

rrrnn 1n1'1II'll ;:1'~;;'lJll O:1'Jll '"

.'i'

'by ,ow 138

ilo:J1:"!IJ::; ,l\1V' n~ 0'7::1 1i'::J 11':) ,1Tlim 'r, m::n, 1M1'r.ll~'Y 011,rl1 ;i7)1T1' '~ 1;"1nJ:11O'tI p1::lrt ~7;1i'
.N:7p

i);J;)

,Ct:7 ;'iJ"1);;'1 ilJ:j7"

nl,m0l7 i1:JT ,,:rv j"l:l1inN:;1 ;'i:nJi1 K'f11i1:lV f171i.'\in ,m:n:::

139

[51

615

,J'1~1 0)/ ,l1'~o'r.1:1111~ 11m O'lJll;) ~1VJ~ 'J'7~11 7V 'l1lj11l1;) ~J1l1J mn~1;) l\'~V
140:

l

ii1 ' 1if ;,

n1p:;n't? 'Jl')7""1ii iiJ:l7j:l 1'''''1':1: ,,:cx: rn:lii' ,In'j
0"(1;' '1l'::l ""l'lX'7 0'7'rm1'JV - O'~'::lJ

11~' 1'~1;) 0',)/l11J ovm
J'11i'1l11;)~1 J'11JJ111J~ O~'J'11JvnlJ'v 1m1 ~VIJ 11l11J
91l1V~

]IJ

01n"~ 7~ J'11'lJ1l1 'lJ111l11J l11J1i'111J~1
11J'~ ,J 1;)/1;) K1~V 11J, ,~ plJ' 'lJ'l~~ O'lJ' J1'-")/

11J"K 11J'1J ,1)/ O")/l1lJl
llJ::1)/J nJ

'IJ'J~~ 'V1JK~ 11J'~V

')/

'~'K 11J' 'Jp, 11;)::1)/ pl;)l

11J'~'V 111'::1 ,::11;) P
,llJ::1)/J

11J'~

P

,::11J

OJ1'1J - O"JV~ O"J1PI;)~ 11, - lJ1' 11K "'J~' KJ ~'~)/'lJK t:lC1JK '1 7V ~'r l11K'11
~JvnlJ,' J'11l1)/ mpJ O~'J'11JvnlJ ')/ O~, 1'KI;) OV~ 11K' :1VK ,O'J1VK1~ O"J1PIJ~ ,V
O~, KJ 11J' l'X 1X ,0l1,1l1J Xl~ 11X~ mv OIJ::1)/J 0'1'JIJ ern ,1~P 11X

mJ~~ T'~l1 7)1 '1J'7 "J'1 ~J l'X O,'1JX '1'V 11 ~1)/~ ,111)/0' l'X e"x 141.'" ,~11'J'V
7V mnJ ,m'l;) 1~1XJl ,0'J1VX1~ 0"J1PIJ~ 'llnJ ~V)/I;)' ~J'~ 'l11l1V1 o"pmv '~O'IJ~
l1mx ,)/ ~'~)/'1J~ 0~1JX '1' ~,~V )I"1.l~ J'11'Jlll;) 7)1 ~')/IJ K'0 1l11'~ 'J7 ; X11)/ '1
1m'1'JJl ,nJ"').:! J\7't? 0"J1i''O;' ~m 0""" "1':1:1 1i-"b;"l:J 1Y '.1:11'1\7 ;,m1 .ii'X O'",,1n

11;)::1)/ K'I1V l1111J' - ;l'~)/'lJK 0~1JK '1 ,V l'K l'l110'~,n l1K JO'~ 1'J~ ,K.,,)/ '17V mn
,~JVnIJ~ l11,)/m :O~ e'm~ O'J"~K1.l~ .xpm 1'V lJ1" ~lJl11J 1'l110'~l1 l1K :\'::10' 0~J
,r)/1.l~ 7V ~11~KP1.l0 l11)1::11.lKJ 0'11J'0 11pl;) 11K'11 ,0'11J'~ 7J 11P1.lJ 11J10 l11P;'

01PIJJ 0:\ 111'JJ 111n m 0:\1

142 .O'K~

]IJ 1J'1.l~ '0'~:0 11J10 11"1!1l ,V Jl11J0 'K 0)/m;J
:Oil1:X 1'710 1Ti''''~::l

-

ev~ 11~

inx

ev 1'JWV

,1"')/~ 1J'1J0 V~1J JV1'l ~')/ l11J
••. nv'w)~ i'i:l1J ottJ~ n:l~iVJ ii:lllmb;"
'IV

,'mgpiUii:l 1"" ; 16 'n;; ,(98 iii;;:1 ,7'97) :17:lpji .lin:)rj 'In ,pr';;

'I{

:l'n:l ,':111;'i'7

!il\T1

m),l{' 140

.66 ,61-60 'bY ,]1'DD'O:1 ,Tlin;, /71')\ 0), ;'WVii ;'P::lY":lN

.ow,ev
]11"\:)0'7.);-; 111'1111:1 e:nb' 0,11::11\ '1 DP) lmNiUiilV:);'i;"i 'JDll\7V ::n;; lm~:I f,e::ll1ij

l~O" :'?l\Pl11N 'rmn 1::l1l\:J ',:11:i n':lp

' .:1 mlV'!ll\;"l

7;; mn 1\1;"1

j1T

141

!Jf1')':l '111;'0;' n:liiii 142

-cp ;Jvi':J l~r.ol'n

iF"

~iViUV

.(4 t11Y:i ,7'g7) 'i:)lUp1ii 7,0 1no,), iiWZi':il "'0:::9:1 ":11;'1' 1:\0 11\ "'1":\

52]

616

... i1::J'f.j~;'i n:m i1:ii:l111i?~'It\
-:1~ ~'W
'43

Ot'ii

ytliti n'Jpi.1 i1:JX,tii

1ii;:'T;'1~ttJ it:nX

nX;£tJ

.m.m'm ~1"1l.11 :17)71.1'm ~~lJ:1

,rn,:;niii?

110::;11:1 r1i::lT:1ii 0:::' ;;'i:)i:l I1:lXiiV n""\v,jMii :1:Ht7i17.i;'1

"~11.1

;'1'~:li7~ iii:JT;,;'1

:ii.:n':;

111"1"7 '~Jm;'i T'i1T1:; iii::l'(;i;j m::li,j Ji'l'YJiiii1 .it:Ji:li11 ;,ttlWit't.V rrrrrrn j1:r~lV;j 11'1:)1:'):;
rXtrl pif.j

1i1'S'

144 .tt!:JOIJ

'''''''''tv

O~i'Cil'i1:l rt!:');;"i::U<: Citi:it\ 'i ,~X rrou Wip:i rm 0' i1i11i~i1 :0'nv

ClXii1 '11\"11::1 ;"l'nY-'';:l0: Oili:lX '"tv jj't;lO'i.:ii 1;,i1 nx lX:J m~7.:j'

n"~o'l(j;' ;jiW:;):i;"i "':;)1'1 ,,::; l'Ui:ll':iX C'l"i'ii ~n:lV O""10~ Oi;n
'il"'i1i1

1"::: ;"j"''',yi1i Oi~"O P:l?

1:1"':1 nr"'JVij y;'Tj-n-np.1 :1n

of'mj ,1,/"Y7 1;'1:1 1j,1V nr',,;,";, 1i"!:,)'~i1 mO"'!:Jj)jf 1':1,
7)7 nmmO:1 1111111~1~n ,o','on 7i!7 o~"

':1

:r:l~ii'

v: ':J

"'n:m:J:i

Vi ~,~

,i1'1'1ii

,'1:11107:)1 i lnil11::m'

,:im ,tt,:n;:m;, "',j1iVXi

,it) on'11'1:1

]'J7 711~n1.1:1-'N1JJ~ ,1J':1 ]'J ,1J'n:1

,:17Jp:1 111'71l1J O'l1l11 O'7U7~J )7'~1:1 - 17i!7 rrrnx 111NO,J 1ll - O'p01)7 1lN lJlII)70P:1
1lVl'1.1n'J1.11:11 p"1.1':17lV 1lV"111l n'J1.1j:1 ,n~3 '7J1p1.1 J1n 7lV 1110'~nJ '111:11.1 J17'lV J71lV

O),ii1l-t1i1iV ,'liV';' 015:)'0;' It 1'cn;,i 1l\ "':1Pii 1"0/1:1' 111'U;J 'IV ;'J'5:).pN:' rrrn ,'l!iiN:il7iV
lV11J'iU 7lV ',100', 9~' ]NJ lV' "IJ17~

,tv

'45

.l11"On:1 )7'3niU 01~'0:1 0'1.1'7 nn~n' 1'~-7)7lV

n,::1' ''lVJN FO'l':l1V~
m~l:1p :lil':: - '5:)1'1;' '1i1;";' '1'On
r,'OO'1.1 :1'11111 ('OXOOpll) 7)7~n1.1:1-'N1Jl:1 01~'0:1 11.1 :17'~n
i

i'1/,'T:J -

,

',"on

i

i~1nii OW:J

7\!1 :11 J10 ,lVN ,111"~0:1

Jl11J 1~1 .:1'~)771JN O:1,JN " '~1.1 :1)7~lV:1 7J7 0'1P '1111- N1T)7 "11.17,1)7 0111N nll"~N1J

146:'1:1""1' iliVb Ii
1'iU)71J ',' 7)7 :1\!11'PJ P J 1 n 1.1:1 l ' 0 n 1.1 ::117 :1'll11
1117)71.11" j1'7)7~ 01plJ1.1 J, )7DlV 1l11.1l11l 7)7 )7' DlV'

:-m:m 'i1'b:"'1iYi 1;"lJ'::I'1
lV1p:1 nnJ O',J'1.11 O'l('~J:1 l"11J
On1.1lVl 7)7 ,1ll:1 1~'i!71.1")7 OlTpJ O'pJ1m:1

17~P ,\!Ill 111,10:1 O:1J lI'~lV' On~\!Il1
:11.17)7l:1 :11.1Jn:1 ',J11

.f1J'NW:J 0'J;'11:; n:"::l7 W,i11':; ,22 't:: ,Ot' 0:1 mllV;;1 ;21 '7:1') ,iI?::ipf1 nr.::m 'm ,Pl'"
1:1:;) y!lV lV'i\:l rb:9'1n1 ,Ti7iYi m:DJ"i7:1 ii;; 1:J 1m.:! ;'iyW)J ;'itli:Jt 1\'71 7171:;7:171111;; mom' :7V1;l? ,n'.,

143
144

;-;7ynr-1 l:l;;n;) li;171 z,"p;'1 rrn \V'N::l T:;C'7.Ji 11'Yl1wi1:l.1.11i'j '1))1 J11Vl';1;'1 VJ f1'iY7.J
,111li7 ,,,':! ,n't'!'l:::! ;'1'''i!)t;'i ,l\:lii O?';7ii "ri 1DO) ';'1P'\1liJ::l liiu' ii1Ji;'iil ny, 1.'mi'.J 1n1::lWJ ,1Dl"IV '1.J OJ7;·1\1

.i1Ni:lJ ni"llV'N7l'i'::lij1

lInnr1i1 07')'1

j'i'7';lii '7J::1

]1mm i"liii iil1'P:' ':;1'W

r::nN?'V lmJ

rnv :1'1

.(:l"Y 165 ~1 ,[Ha,ly !204}

.(W'y 115:'11 ,2331NP''Cl\i '''J ,7::m,';; liN ··mO) 'lj,j-np' ii717;; 1:l'1;; JlJ{ PV)'111·:'Y:i iil"

li"Y::; 1'::11'1
lrm1'J7

.17-16'b9 ,'l.:'O·W;'i '11n'l\;n :1'nY71:::-: 0;;1::'1\ ,'i'i{ :,ilf' ,nlVpiiJ1 i1·d'~J :Ii Yl'i' ~'V

.(01£n' ;i):J:lJl 'lC";j DiD'!.":1 jlJ :'CIl;j' :'If..')i\~J. 1J 7Y i1::l'r1"l(J 'J/\
.1Y 'e;; "ViO ,iiiJi17J.;"l 1?'Z,' ,J"::llVrl;"lIJ"Wii' ,0'JilJi 01-;0

145
146

[53

617

;'1.n;m 111J 'I'V )1Dp 0)1 lT <JO'Dn,V ;11'15 ;jIm, lV11'~J r~<Jv Xl<J lVX
Xln 1"l)1m O'1X ,mTOnn'17 mJl17'DVn 17n'JV

P "MJ 1lJl

,<1"'"m 'lX 17'Dlb"nJ 1lJl'V 010'1

1lXlJ .0'l1l11Xl;; o-rorn 'V X1TV '1 'IJi nN m 171;P''VJD plXJ l1V'P a'l1V a'iJn15V
1'MKl1I) 'inJJ 1'l'P<1 lJn ,1")1" ru a<11JK '1 ,'1v'n 01D'on P) i'on'n ',K ,'Vll' ,a'X,lll
~m'T~.,rl i::lbil i:mi'Jl CnijN '1:21 iVp' 7Y:l ,T1KJ'm ilj"1:t'!) O"Wi.)

I,

,'t:rm 1'on" iW1

:i1"7Vi11i.) "n:l1,1::li t'1t":l 01'0::1 /O;-\i:lN:i

a'llVKln a'I'OM 7)1 nlO vnl1l'71X l1I''111bJ all
nPllv;n n1t1'11DJ1,II)1 l'77Dnll1'nl1l
147.'111pllJ'II 0'V'1P 'Vl1pn lJl 1<111
l1'11n'n np'OO'll7 m'l"D1K nlO'Dn p 7')17 F7)11l)lJ,nv nl'nl)lllVbn nl7Jpnn lb lJ7
o'mO'ln lnx nx X1T)I '1 t?D,71 lJV )lOp I'Jm7 O1p71 nn)l ill' ,X1T)I '1 7V 17X7 n'Dl~n
141~ .Jim, ,::11 Xim ~':1J :"n'Kii Tl~"n

iix'n, o"':J:n;,

O'I::li'J1;' ':lTl::J' t:l'J1ltJi1 O'",ni17iV ani'" iWpi1:l ,"'N

;r~;l1i'~ '''niX 1::11 Xiiii Xiii' t!:JVl::1n ':J ,ot' i':lTil"'N

t:r'~v't:lO'bi1 '),1il::1 i111':l

,to "ipm~:l ::1",

149

OlllXl ;X1T)I '1 n1JP)lJ 1JJ 171n 7K'IJ)I 'I'J I)1V71 Xlnl
lSi: 'r.J~y

'i:l:J :iJ1jJ 1T il""10

.;"l'::JY',:lXOili:lX
15U,7X'IT)I

o'm,,;,

',,'10 "1'110':)11"

'1 7V n11lxn Vl1'DJ

NiT>:' 'i 'i:l1 Oil il'N: .i1iYWil ,j"j'J I1X;,{7 CPi:liil 0"';"

,(nmx 'n1nx nUJM7 1171Xl
,0b:lM:l i1:litlnbil i":liil' ,"~,

,inN i::l1 1'\';'11 X1;' "'l'\:l

,7J7 iTb111717nl
.iTl':7 )ll1b Xlpln Xinn 10/1;0 TV7ln71

vo::m ,,;:)'C' p:lii1:l

1';',l-\ 'ii

nN: )71' un' 152 :OI':JJ~iii p Oiii:JX 'i ~i::l1' O",'Jpb i17t-: O'jJi

px 7xmv '1 ',X OJ )I'nlb n01ln1 ,7')17 onJ ll")lV ,'lnx lJl xm Xl;] 1ml 7)11nn 7JVJ
OK ,lpn71J 111.lXJ ;1l11l1VX) n7'Jp71<1 ')1 n)lJ~nn Ol)lJ V1M7 jXJ O'VpJ71 1)J'X .j1J'n
.n7x rn7':lj?1.l 7V 11.li'P n1)171'lI71J 11'ln nx Vln71 mnD7 l"X ,(lU~)I X1Tl7 '1 'Jl7 X7 'J
1'1il1:11 Tr'ipi':! i1i~{j~ iiJ'N

"'1TV 'i ~:;.n:J:Plt' 11 ni'i..'lX ':J j)n:Jp, rn'J i1;:) I;; ii.JXJC' ;"lfj iU,"
'1' OOil:lW'1 }:mnT 1DO

147

G. Vajda, 'En marge du "Commcmaire sur [e Canuquc des Cantiques" de jo~eph ibn' Auuin' REI. 124

148

J(';"':l ,:l""C'n:i p11"n ,1":;'.'0 '17;"1 ru Q,i1:lX

Idem. 'An An<l!y.>h of the Muamar Yiqqawu ha-Mayim ;28-26'DY ,O'ipnU ,"'J:l ;(1965). p. 187. n. 1

by Samuel b. Judda Ibn Tihbon'. JJS. HJ (1959), pp. j .1-6-147, n 28,29

46 'W

,J17:lp ,7"Jj1 ;11:11\'OJ Cl':n nlmpl:::11

,13-,10 '1:1)' I 'OC"1:)i'1111l"i\;r1 tI'!lY7lJN e;;1JX

,71'1\'1:)

:i"l1\1 149

.63 ;11)1;"11

-sz-e ''':;

,('~ i1DOlJ:J) 9 'b)1

.10 !iJY ,(134

;ny"

,rl'?:ntV ;-nU7v p'::; Y::17Jl\

,""Y7) ec'" m'Jn,,,

152

::lC'J1 m11;11:):1 20 )'0)1

150

m<:ip71 mJ1J mOb ,1\li,'17 m1;X" V1T~

151

.{869 'On"'1

:n,opl 3152 i"lJ'O'D

54]

618

')1mcl "1~ ,~1jl' '1 l'~'~ttI l110'~n ,ttl O,ttI '1'J~~ p,n ~,~ ~,~ ,Ottl, ~JJ1nttllttl
1i~:d'lJti1J~ i'lJ'ln:Jb .O!l::lbi;' ~iVi~b O~<:I1:::l~!1il :\llib 0), ~71l'\i 1i~"i1~i1 n~Ei~:{i1 fii'~'DO"I';ji1

:nn11i'ltl1!i11i'j,;'P;' ;'ip"'OC'lbil 'l;l..ili tiX ,r":1V 1"\10"£)1*Iii 7tV' ii',n

n~Wi' rrrrru Xi;' l'''ij1il :O"t'0l;J ,jl~ l:JW

"':lPii

r::l nr"JYb ilb"nil T!b""p

:'Iiliil 7V ,"mo"~:l11

l':J.7

O'Jl::'nii

~Jttln~~ 11n'~' ~1'nnJl ,0'lltt1~1~ ,~~ '?1'1~~ 'JttI~ 0)1 'ttlU~~ 'JttI~ ,ttl l111n~m
ill';jl\l1ili1 nr'jYb .tflJ11/il{;"I ,:n~ ,(n1il'K:l ;',"!)O X':iUil n";'7X;'1 :1:liVlib;"i 09 n'to1JN:-l

,~10 1'~~ 1~ 1nJ i11'~O ~'1 ,~Jttln~ i11'~O ;O'~'~ ~'1 "1'1~n 'JttI~ :'lJ>~ nl"JpJttI

'1'ttI mn pl 0'~1~~'O-1W~ O'~P'!)O'~~ 1m p

,pl1.lJ ,O"p -O'OJ~ 'lnpl'~ 11'~1n

~ttlll~ 'J O~ ,n'!)o'~ ~'lln ,ttl O')ttll~J l110ttl~J 1J1' In'"~, ]1J'n1J~ 'I' 1"~1 ,~111'
1S3, J1'1'

'1Y "iX';' ib ,XiTY

r, ,tV lAin r::t,

m,nxn;, 7X :-lim, :'ii"7;Yil ;'1Ej"XlV'il

1'1~ 1"11' ,)lnJl ~n~ttllclJ ,0'l1J'nn 'ttll'lJ

n.,tlt~i1 n",1;'p;, i'iP"'OO'bil

:ilX':1.1;'

n;Utm, lm~i"D~

1':4 rn':lp;,;, nrnJ:l
ii,'£m;, 1"".1)7 7Y J:Jyn;"

11 ~~n ~'ttI ;111J 'lJ1 'I' ~1'1;1tt1~ 01' 1JJ 1J O"ttlll~~ l11'lJ)n 11;1 11m~ 011) 01'
'l~ttll110'lJ -1~ )ttll1;1"n'J~ 01U~ ll')lJ 1nu ,11;11'J ,~lO 1'~~ O)llX 'x~ 0)1 rrrmxrrt

0"11cl'1J ,ml'~J l11J1~ l111;1Xm, 1JI'1;1 n~l) 1i1W~"X 1'1 mlmi1 0'1)~ -- ~~'11'1;1

O'lltt1~ O-J'J'1;1~ P ~1;1~m~ 01'l1;1J ,'X1Jl '1J1' ~"nn ')1 mlltt1 m'11)1Jl ,m'l~X!)1;1Jl
,ttl ,1J1X ~x o-n)l' ,n11'n)l n"x, ,m)l ,n11nxnn :~X'ttlJ ~'11nn ,ttl JJ'11;1~ 'lX'nJ
.CiV17.Y'\V!

,X'l)l "

P' J1J'n

p~ 'Xl1clttl " l'J n'l11)1~ttllJ )lm'n11p" ')1 ~1~pJ ")lJ nXl ,JJ

" Jl11J 'O'1;1~ l1p" 1"1iJXllJ .ttl1p1;1J 01X~ '11cl'1 j'J' nl1nxm lX 11n'X j'J ,ttlp~ X'~l
154:J1J'n px 'Xl11ttl
Xl~~ ,JttlJ ~pJ1~J 1~1

inx i::li Xi;"!' X';' :J'1lin
i11Xttll n'll";; n'~,~ Jltt1nlX'J
111;; ~1nxnn ,ttlX X,~~ 'JttI~ 'XttI~J
,'1;11n~ 11;1 '1Jl 1i11X'~llJ Xl~ ,ttlX

: il}/Y

i" ibXW il7~ Xi;'!

OJ,J )1")1 'lJl onx O'~'~ 'i111;1~ 'lX
i"O:;i1 rn "D:J. " ilX,j;'i iii

r: -

l{!m - 1'V' 1l'{ l"jT;J 'It;J ;Jm;, Ol'{
711' ;'1'~ ,t: ""/j7n '.lili: Np'"'' ,;;1;J:iJ 1" PDJ'10~ 153
.1'1117.1'iii 901J 'I'my' l11:J,i:llJ"li 7",1 ;'11i1.J'V l"D3:/J 1'(;)7.' -n jJ1J:l:l .;:"1'~,1 '1J11j D'Jifl.' O'J!llK::l "j71n1

l'iUlttl:;l

nrrc 'D~") ", 01ip K'X ,'O'1iitlj' t:t'j1D'7J O').fl.'1b::1 ]1::'11 p~ m"bN7:J ;;"bl{ C1t:

7'PV7 rl{ ,)J7
,iprlb'J :iVyl i:;:J 7iiJ 'v,n l)'Y .rn1Di' n'71-titlDptl"1D1'l{
.DlVO"::npi.:m :n117Y i'l'i"11:17V,1' OJK:li"1::t::2 o'.n::Ftl;'11'1nDVn ')J 7V01'1":iw' m;;1JV1;J i'lN:71 1;"':' UJ1'1vp"

'>" :nv "1'1':"

TlN7fl ""7l7 Oipt 11y V' "IN:

.91'7:J)l ,1837

rrcc-c ,m,'~ mrn»

,ii:::l"1'1 'lV"i? O'7:Jill1p' 1/.iN:r.J

154

619

[55

'N' "V1i'~ 7t\ x::n, i;J Vi":;) ,"i
i1Jl1:Ji1 "El~ 1:1 ::nt';'1 X)",

on',nXJ p;"llll >,'i';"I ,lllXJl
lil:1J 1'11.1

1'~n 0~l>,ml0mlll~l

mXlll;"lJ

111XJ o,'xm
••• O'>'lll'~

n"~X:l

p 0:' ]':l;"llll

'~X

n1IJ1~n1.l >,111.1 "~lll .,,~tl ":'171tlX::lOW::l 11xn7 111'llll ;ltli' lll'X ;"II >'tli' ,'n>'1 m'l>'7

;"I111l111'~7 0'1i';"I 11J'n P~ 7X11.1lll "lll)"l>'1.1 ?lllii'1.1J ~i'''' 7>,m;"l 7::llll~ 7X ;"IJ'IlI~ 1XJ
:(89 '~>,) 0111 JnJl
- '7X 'lllii'1.1' n71.1J :ll'i' ,m' '7 ;"IX'l 'lllXl
,C'Vl'i' l'J;l::;) i1'iPiV

.lll1i'~ n7~J

en lll11i';"I OiX;"I ,xn7 i'm,]'x 'J

p:1l7;"1m;n 1~10~1 ,lll1i'~;"1 7X ;"IX'J;"I 1mJ X';"I Oi~;"I nx mi'l~;"1 ';"I'X;"I';"I IX ;"IlJ;"I;"I O~ ,p7
07111J 1lI11i';"I 01~;"I 71l11n~1lI;"17 11.1, 1XJ lll' 'J ,1.117 11!1~~ ,lll11i';"I 01~;"I 111,11.1 7X ;"IX':I;"I

~ln7 O~ OlXJ1'~ '7J1i'1.1 ~m7 O~ p OX 'l"~lX Xl;"1 lllii'1.1701X;"I 'l~'i .X:I;"I 071>'J X7 ,<11;"1
?TO l:I:1 7iZ1' C.,"itiil ,'W' to,,"5:j:l 0), '1::>'7.) Nlll'J:l ;r=m~ Xl;" ,C"'"bi'il C'!nlil O"Ni'.,tJO"~ii
.;"Illl1.1 " ,11J'n px ;"I1.17lll "
Xl;"1' 1\7' 'X';"I' X'~' nOll;"l o"i' X'llI " 7~1\ 0:'1 p:l'n PI\ 7Xl~lll " 7~1\ OW ']1\ '::l ,]'1'"
.01X;"I 11~llll7 nT1.l1, 11J'n px 7lll '1";"1;"1'1 ,;'11.1Jn m'~07 nT1.1l' 1',1>' " 7111 'X';"I';"I - '1'1;"11
:;"IX1Jl;"l 1'7~n 71l1)"l1l1.1 'lx'n 1':1 ,(51 '~>') Olll ,nx '~)lJl
J'JO ruu '7 lll'llllX m~1::l Xl;"l 11nnm i'7;"1m

X,i1:1 11:l:Jill Nl:1il in));,

;'1~li

msm

m>, ':l11lJ Xl",
1"J1

m>'~1.1XJ11l11>'~~~Jl

.1J~1';) i1'Y~' ''VN~' 1'''';;ii p7nill~ ""i:7bV;'17.) )"\j'iJ
0"J1" nx 011' tl'lll1.l17'XJ' :1',1)1 " '1J1 l1X 1)7 1'Jm 'J1~ 01X m~i 7lll;"l1 "x'n ',m
,1"~Y i:Jib ~'il "'1~:> ,tJ~Y i1l<,'V 1"3 :":Jn7Ji11"

:'N"iY 'i '1::11 11~1 !','&J:l

In''7>' o,tl 1ill ,0'7J1i'1.l;"l'lllllN' J'i'J 'X1Jl 01~1 7lll11.1l'i'711

"m., )'J ,l7'J~~ 11 '~X1.1

m'~171mll~ m7Ji';"I 7'l111.l1'i' '1I1 ,;"I'~lI'IJX O;;'JX ',~ 'Jl~;"I n'X1Jl;"l ;"I'Ji'T11l11

' lI

56]

62[)

"i':;~i.:lii

,it? 'l~~'nn:::l.

"~';'1 0""'00';'

O"i,bO'il:-! O'iiZ.'i':i:1 fl7l\iV .n'nl~i1 11'1';'i';'i iil'''tJiJ'l7:/:l.

f'i,J'l{

tr'::J:l ii'iibii 1iYJ run to .mrn ii'n~ n1':lY 1"

rn 01n'1'

l1te,·U i\nii1:lil OW"

I:lJ1P'T n,xIV' 1pn~;, on' nx T'11'1~ 01~)l1PO ,'IV~7 ,1:l :l1mpl ;'~:l 11m ,1n)l n)l?
]'XIV 1'1:l n1'1~;' ,nnJll11 111'n)l 9'01;'1 tl"J'l1 tl'POPP, n'mOlX'n;, ;"Jp;, '~1n '111
tl11pllV tl'OOPO

P

111?'JP71 111'J7 IV1P11l;' 1~X71J '55,90;' 7)1 '1 I1n11l~X
.tl'l'l':li' O'b0l'b

~'TY 'i ,:tN:

iii Tli:JTJ;-J U'i~~b i1::l
1

;"j7j::J

111m7

p:t, F~"1"l ,V 1i'';l'l'lb71 ;''l''l'57~bO'ltxj

i:t"ibtIi ]i"ii")7ii ii?'l:Ji'i'j:l

'i:mn' i:lJ'l'lJ;J ,:''1\'

i';.('

.7X'1T)I " ?lX

1"

,p:m.m 1:1:; iil'\iiiit' "n:;) O"i1::rnii p:ltV on" 'r'lni~ }\'1ii',ti' ,;'11 ii'Vlj~ 0)
.X1T)I '1?W 1'1111'pllJ Xl~X ]117 IV'11'1;' 1'P'71 tlIV? .'X"T)I ',7 "P71;' Xl;'
tl;J ii'Wi :.\'0" ;'''ii ':n Tl':liY;' :inv: D'tl ~iiY Ii ":J iliYV;,"b O'Pb \V"lZ' ii}\i:l. ,n"i!7Xi
:1IV1M W' 0'J1 tl'1P71J .n'm3;' :1P'OO'll:1l1n71 tl'llV tl'V'X tl)l9X lX tl"111'DO 111'lP~

NiTV 'itV i'i:

,7')17 111l;' )70pJ .173x I'm,,;, xW1l7 ')l1~:1 ml1p:1 tl~ 1:l1 ,mIV7J n'J')I:1 ;'~w;' 7IV
p 7)71' :In:J1 :1l'W 7X'1T)I '117'Xl /tl'llWX1:1 tl'1'0n;, m 1:l'~71' :JI1:l X,;, ,7IVr:J'1

,nol:ll 'IVX1)7' :In:J 17'l 7)1 .(:1'X, X'31:17 ]'X 1J'" 1X:l71 tll1.lX) '1';' tl'llWX':1 tl'1'Om

'l"

;'p"jn;, 'l1JJ n""N:ii lV'li"n ,:; :in:pn::;

Jit{

p"nl{b

'::1';)';"1 IlD.O:1 156.'Tl''V'bnf1 it:\"b:l

,J:l' /'~lXl 17 1:1IV'~X1' /11l117 :1J1X 1"3' /)l1J11V 1"3' :'J111 1'~7J1 ,]'1X~ ,X'1P
n'OX~X'1 :1"00 n~"p 111l:1 )lOpJ 9x .173X 111)11Jp

;,n'I1D 111113 1;' 17X 7:l - /11)71'

,J1IV .' ...;'l1IVl JIV1' XI' ':l X7~1~1 :1T:1 1'0;' p;,' :X11p:1 7X ;rl1~;' 'XT)I

P 717 '11X'I1~

1nJ'I1:l I1X ex 1"3~:1 'l1110 1~~0 1;' ,7x ]')I~ 111'l~ .7x'11)1 '17W i11J')lJ :10~11I1;' 11 ;'''l~
:1:l'n:l:1 1lX'T7 111'l"D1X 1;' 77:l:l1 /:11173;'J 0'P1~' 1~0:1 '1111 ,tl"Jll1;'

P

0;'1JX 'W

11J11;)' 1'13 ,tl'~:l11 1'W7J Pl)1~ X';'W9X /0'llWX1;' tl'1'011' '10'J;' tl~W pn" .n'J1)1:1
9x 17 ;'1l11J1 ;'D'3DO 'l:lO I1l11l:l 'tl'1'011' J1l11l:1W111J1l :"T'X tl'~111JW :11J1)1:1l1P1 ')1
1X:lJ1lW :"Til

l' 1XJn"

:':111',;':l 0'p1n' tlll'l1 nl1'I1DJ 1~Xl:l ,tlno 'tl'llIVX1' I1l1~;'

tl"'OI1'7 :lWl1'~W /P)l1101l'X X"lX77' tllV 'J1l1;' 11p~Jl ,'tl'l:llll;' 0'l1WX1'
: )1l:l 11 :1lJ;' pm7 tl"lW)I;' 0'1110'l X131l' 1IV~X ;'1 l111 'In:l:l .'tl'1 n)l n~;,' lX 'CI'l1:ll:"T
;P;"P "5jTi~;'11'

pi

/o~ J 'HV t\i:'1 o",:npb? ii::l :J;':1 i;Jtr:' :1}{ /O"i'l:lr!i~i O"liiVt\i

o","on

l

.(7X"1)I '1) ',~,)7 :1X1'!U 1'13 77~m:"T' 11~1)1' (:111',:1J tl'P1~) ';rl'~
tl"J1P~:"T '~111]'J7 tl~1111 tl'llJ'n;) 1111~W~)'J '11;r )1m' 1111' J17pW~

I1n71V' ,n'lW

,"l1' 'IlJI1 W~1 ,Jp)l' '1J 071WIl '1 "'-')llllm ':l1~0~ 11J'11 px ;'11;" '1 .OlXJ11~J
I1:lvnb:J C'~iV'''' '''pm~ ,':111VT1 l1Wll\il

7'.V O"ilVOl\;'T mi1i'i'jii

'Y' 11;.7 :l'";Jjj :l.'ln mtn.J~' ,1"11'U 1'$

155

!1JY ,m'OJ ;'11\1' ,1.%-141 '1:1;7 ,/1")jVli) til I, 11J'1;7:1 i'iO'i"N:::llni;l'ji i1p'l:O'bil n"lVl\1) (1-),) , ;'N1V'

,149-148

rbwo -

O""b'l"bl"ilD"'m 'ynp7i l\iV1):li::ll1b "1Vl\::J N:pl'i1V 1"J9(;) "~Y'r, '0)7 ,1\117,,', C··'l"l)T'll'i!l \:7,,'::1
.1m' ntl71J m::l11i.:il FiDVii- '".it;

156

621

[57

iiN:l~ 1;)0;' "piD iXtv 1lt\ 0),'1117 1J'lJ7.n:i 071X 157 ;.rl1:l:::l1;!;, m:nn7l1l"Pi1

10

iYW liN: OJ,in,

X1J;J'1' 1"p'0 X" .p OX1 .D'J1 0'!J011 0'1!J0 O~ 0~1J1X"110 J11Jp;JJl

>58

,1"JX1;)]~

';J~~~-'JI'J -n J7~~ 0"pJ1l1J"1J11' 011p J'''';J 1J1' IJl'l ,11J'JI pX 'X11l117 '1 1111 P'1
JlUl';J1l 0'~1M j'J' - 0" 0"J1pll;) '~1M O;J 1l/l1 Op,n\7 - OlXJl1!J '/lOn]'J 'J111!J0 ;J~/ll~
1/l0 ,10' J111l117p 1" 9x Jll\7'1!J '\7 J11/lm ';J 1l'1'J ]l117'1V J1111i1l J11'11;J '0 prr- .0"!Jl~

i'n~' I" 1'~jJt1' :lP;;~ '., O"1.:p:;m 159,'~.Jl'

'iii' ,y ;"~"It?U ri'J~J:1',,'O 11111;1

'VU'

.'1' 0 1"1 i1! 11ilJ -~).O

'117l1!J' lX '1'On' 0'nJ17l, J110'1XJ
P

OJ,,, crr-rn Ol~011!JJ el"Jlp/l;) '111V~1 ';J 1l1'1J

11IVP7 1rl'1 teo.JI!J1:> 'IV ;)/l111J 1JIV'117 0'1'Om 0"J1PIl;)11JJIVN '1'On 'IV 1IVP;)J

01!J'O' p1 1111 ~, ','on' nJl1l;) O"Jlplln '111V~1 ,~~ '0 ,11l1'11l11'1 P7 017\7 '117 1ln
Jn1;) o"m '~;J1l 01MJlJ 1\7~ 01~' 1J11' '!J'~!JO 1!J1~J ~,~ ,11l~;J'\70 '1011l-'m 01~ '\7
;)J

em .('O~DOPN) ';J!JJlIl-'nJ1 '1l'1!J '~;J1l ;Jl ,0'\7;) ;)lJ1IlJ 1011l J11Jn, ;J~1l;) ,1'\7

N"i1itl '!:l:l ON: ,i1i1i'D

pN: "1"1:1 '1.3:11 '~l'\ :iY~Dli'J

N:';'V 'D:J tll'\ ,rt!:l1~il iii"t?O'i'J' ;"'Ii"! :1'':U~
.0'1nN '~N ;);J'!J11l

Plll;J 'D~DOPN 01!J'DIl -rn J:>1l min;) 01~ 7~ '!J':>!JO 1!J1XJ ]11J1l0 '1'on' nJl1l7 J11~1l~11

pn~' '1 '\7 ;)1':>' 1!J0 \711'!JJ 1JO ;J'J~;)' 1\7!J~ ~1l\71 .'X'11;J '11 ~11Y '1 '1J1J 1l~~/l
0;) 111l~1l'1' (~) :];) 1'~1 ,;)J j'YIlWpJ ,'71~ ,Jl111\7P;) JI11DP JI1~Il~11 'JI\7 7;J 11;)1-'~0
i::r17J' 1:1':1 i1:1wntl:l. Ol'\ ~:J pOlY iJ'Xi 1"nrt ~ n' J 7:l ttl 'b:;:' X'il il'1nntv;"li'l - O~1nnttJ~
101"1 N:':1'O i'11'1'b

sr 11ir.J' (:1) 161;'11'1btOJ

"::1)'i'17 ~",;, 7'ElttJ7Jl i'l.:liUnr.Jil Oi'Jl'bl ;'::1i::m~

m'1l1J11~ JlJ~1\71 D\7!JJI;)' ;)1'ny;) mlY11!J m1l1J 01'1V' ~'\7 '10 ~J;) O'lY' l1p" '1J
162 ,'1'1'on7

i1111U;' '" 'J')7::1 ii"~ "11:;:'1 '1::>1 017V l'\1:1'

plT'n 01'VU j:1:1 V' ,

"m-')o pn'S' '"

;"'1' i::JO V'i'D:l ':l:J mY'::J1U;'

P1\ ;"1WFCU1J'U "il:lu:n, mJJ7i1

,;',N:

rmm.:nl

mJ1n ;;"11\1

i57

.,;:: 'by ,ow

ISS

Dun ,V 01~';l:,1\ ,O'~JY O'YOU '11EJO :11n::l ,"'~"TOr.J 1'O')J nwou :;'11\1

159

,(C).inb71 nn'nEJJ) 1 'bY ,n"7wn C'7t1'l1' ,]1:1'n

Cltl'lJ1' :::1"Y::! ,J/'OV '':l11;nl

p"::;;, ~Ol\.1 ;'Y'i'1 '.J::JI'J ''::; '1'::; O"iVil

7"17"",;'1 J,ji t:l7rZm 1J'J1 Cl'Vl .;"1',,71 oor ji11l1J cl'poyn/:j 7N:1V'O tJl1p

';"Iv OV1 7'J'" lnNOiEJ;J'J1N:

'.rJyn ViDJV 'Vl1!)ji 1V1\ ':11111;"11\ ':1" :lp;J" ':111 pnr "1 ~O"'l 0"l'VY1 0""'" o'r.::Ji1 n:l ;'V7;)n1
,' ...11tl'n:l ,,,) OJn l'nm 'VJ 7:mi lJ'N'1:1J;J'l'lIJ1 jI"71 07:" '£00,1 7; 1r.:Wi 071;;;'1
.38-46 '0> ,(16 ;'11:7;-: ':"Y7J OJ1{JllD::! n7Jp;'i ,Oi7V
nY)J,1 T1li: 117nOw;"i ;'111DHDiJ 171 ii)l'lJi11N: ;'1'l1i1i1V;"i;'1 .l!g-116

'v

,6'ljY

,pnr

I"

ii"l' ,;JO Vi"'!'!l

160
161

.n't10'b,1 m7'YEl7 O'OJ:ll\';'1V ,~1:I;'l
l':rn;r.m nx 71"V7 1't'7::! .195-191 ''0'') ,(26 ,I";;"i

,";;7)o"n"

111\J

,"'l' 1"'Yl .361-"358 'v

,17 'i.lll ,m7

mo'))');'! 7N: 71\:llnrl, •..' :',m7~;'i:l O'v'I)'J ,"'7'JV0;'1 7Y Y'J:i;'17 0) V' ,1:l'7y rn'om::l p' 1\7N ,'1'X 7lZ?

.,,1'nnw CY1J:lliii'N"U"l

1"~ 1nl'nj'J 1mpr.J'n.:lilN'lZ?' y)'rm 1;"il\11VIC' ,1:ml\,y 07V"lli' ':'J l1.1:l ,C7Vii

,Ubi 'J:17 rn"ll\";"! rm'::7m 0':1' l\71 >1N1' },;71ll 1011\:l 7t-:;"\ 1T111.Y,L" :i''"'!'.\71l)OlC ;"lYl;"i ':.lEl'O ':l11m.: py 1:li1
,C'p'1:I;ll11nl' C;'l;"I7Xl ,C'JV1'V 0W"1 O"JXJ mY17 Ot'1J;"i mJ."y7 1:;)7 11' '111'11i'.Jl\J ,fiT 11nxv 10:::11
,:"lJ:l;"i;'j nnm~ ;"1'01',' O'OJ:1 .(30-29 'OYI 'omJJvn 7;.:' 1rl1r 017V I\::J' O'TJ;"I mnl1:l

'rr

11n1\ ;"11\1T1 N~;;

,'t:117vti 71\ C7lZ?Til'i1:1"' -'Cl'7'll N1:1'" '::J

162

622

58J

nX':l ,ill1'1 i'll )"no~, 117' 1li:lOl1JX .OlX:1i~ ":1Pll)1n'Y n'~13~ ilY~117ilil m1J"p,
nx '1'117' ]'X P'1 ,i1Y'117'117 mlJ'117i l'Y1J:l mx" 117' ,1;1l"~O j7n3' 'i? ;1,'~' i~O 1171,'~

Y" ~U 'li:l rn i1:'n

'1{ on"n~, 117' ,'117l11J' P117

' 63 ,O:l';':l

0',11117 "1J,n 'i:l'117 mi117~X~

.'m ~,11J '1171'1'1J,n ,,': :In:l~'lI ~'lI1~117 ,~~'?lI:l117

P

mt1i':1 0'V10~:l ,O'nll' 0'~'1J~ ,"Xi1llV1illO~1'lll{l.ln~ ]1'1J1~ nx 1"3' t1' '1l1

Vi i:l1'1J l'li X7.l117 ~'X\!m nx ~,)m 11 ~i:l1l1 ;~1177J1 'Xl7.lt1 O'll:l'm O'7.l:ln~ p , lii1l1 'i
164.

,'ur tti),O~ lm~ :iX:l:1 ;'YOW:i:l 0" t-\,}{

17.1 n'~13 n-rrr ~V'llO'7J '117 0'i1:l'n p
'll 0'lI':37.l

,n~mitlO ;'Ybtlli:J

i117v~ n,x117 nx 117'M vl1:l, t1' ,n'117"t1

m:vll ~7.l:l .~l1'3i:: 1n1'7J: ,1i~O:l n'D13 m"lI~1 0',1:l'n p , ni17.l~

P O~,:lX 'i i1J~il1t1 /V13 'llX1J' i~O .11 i'lI:l11'~1.~ ilV'llO'7.l' ~i1117V~ m"J;~
pn~~ 1=1 rrrm I, ,'~"" :1,'1' ,1~"'DiV /~n:':l;':l O'i'iEi "'11::I0ii :,m'7'1ti:l'O '~jOn p'l'7ir

'X17.lt1

ill '1l':l':l ~li,J1 /'J1'~i:l ,,.,~O' 01 ~ll:l1J l'Jvll J:lX ~01' 'i 165;~J1'3i:l7.l1n'X'l1'lit1
166

p

.~p"~li 1m.:l ,OX~ i')7' )7'''' ~J1J7.lt1 l11'1~ i')7'Y 17.li7.l

,111,m ,',:l, ',:l1J m,:lll~:l1X '~13 i7.l1n:l O~, 1"J)7117 ,0'J1117 O',:ln7.l')7 ,m'1'lI1171'117
,X,l)7 r ':l11:l:l 1JJ1')7 '?':lp7J:l .1"'" ~X7.l~ '117 ~J1117lii~ fi'3n7lil '117 ~J1'.':l'

.p

Oli

l1'lI~l1ll~'l1'n1,~ ~'11n~ '117 V~:l11J 01~' l17.lJ~~ ')7 11J'7.l ,~J1i'):l ,mp1J l1:liV:l :l117'117
~';-l:1 i1X~:1

,w

70~ii mJtl7:l ,P'31 in' .0'''01::: O'~l,1n:l i1,~,;,t!J '0;:) ,(n.,tlxt:opxn·n't?tt~m

O"llXllOPX 0'01~' nn'~117 ,~'~lI'1:lX O~i:lX 'i '117 1m")7~' 0), lIj7i "l1'.,:l ill1l7.l'11l
.0'~D1J

ilj7'llO'7.l;1 P? "'~O:l n'n13n "j7'llO'7.lil1':l117 m':lj7ilil ,:ll1X ili:l? il1111111'J li' Oli D~
ili1t1Vil ,ilJi m:l'I7n ilJ1'.,J i')7' ill1'il 0"11117" pt1 117)~7.l:l ':l i1iJ ,n'17.lil '11l11'~1.il
;,~) 1')7 ;,n,.':i:1 0;1. ;'iNij::i

0'li'l1ll1 0'l1:ll1 O'7.l:ln 0't1lli1 VJ11p

'''v 0117 ',v'1 "lini:l i'Y' 0'7.l' 'lt1 01177.l1

ilJllv i'lIli'ill '''1 'X'O" P OiliJli 'i J:l "7.l'117 'i1 'li'l1'X117'i111117117 ':li 1U:l0"1,)
.256 'Ill ,12 'i'j7 ,i'tj~' ", :"l1'r 1DO w-n"!I ,'ib1l{ nii!;" ;'iD'J;'i
O'i:J'J WP ~WiD;'1 iW"'V;,,\ 'IV '\'1;' 'i;i ,1\1'0), 1r,' C'1b"

F" 'V{j7 "WlV ~!:i;:)

~t:n7'!.n 7:liPb ';) 7"1iY'u."'10

1,"d.,

iT':U

163
164

jJi.:7V '::11'rmil7t\,1'.:-V 'ii '0'). .,V7j 'i :!i;'W ;"'"11\)1:: )'b'J:l. 'i '10 n1N:'m., 0.1 'Jpr,t iii;:) CliVi' ,O;";'J,,:;J
cm~ C"1n?ti !:lml\ O~Ji;;~ .;'l1111 11tl" pn,~ fil{~ O'/1:J;'l ':11 '1i;;Oil11:l11 p 1\;;11;-; fi11;;' \:::li11fi:::l;'i

,J

'fiim '!Nij V'J'~l ;'iOJi;; OV O'l{!1nl
.(::Jlly ,::J ,[159 iliY:i ,"Y'] il'.,,1t:tl rn'J:l rnyonl 'O'plni;'il O':liiPfi Cil'm,
fi;;::l C'i(1)l
'17i1;'1'n"',i 'i! ,;rnltrl\ri i.j)l, 7Ulil{ ':1pm ,lXXX-XXIX 'tly ,l\l::lb ,;'m''Si1:J tl'P1~) Y':Jl"i"i 7tv 111;11 -m
ml:;)j "Y:I O'Vlii'l o-n:m O'VJN 0;"[' Viit)f1 J"l'::JJ 0711';'i 'n'

,J,

165

m"m7 ,7".1'; :11n:J ,'U1n 'J:l1 "1\1,,;"1 'Y:J
.:in;; nY7 1i ,",Y1 0:9 C':JC'" film ')1\ !'i,1\ .ctl

1l ;-;1Y;-;"1 7 'J;)J ,;l."JlVn O"Vi1" ,o:m:Jl1D:l l1'J:nfi n'!i!iOi'l

\!i:l ,t=;n:l 11YI' 7it=lJ Ni7i ':J ,'11:1 '1 '? inN mn ntliY?
A.

c:..

FtN:il ,(tJYJ::l,tv

:10'D1:::l'JINfi

'ro

m,:gfi

N"'7'!) 54 11y;, ,XXVlI!

'tly

,;'M7:1:7i:::l c:tpiD ::il\, ;"'!!it:h m:',Y::l :1~D:::l'.:.·

lb011.: il{'U1 717::P CV? ,~;; J111::lY .Arkerrnan. 'Zcrahin Halevi's Sermon on Genesis
.15~J4 )~;; ,1993 CI"Vli'

,n"::;;:1

./P'I.l7 ,iin1p,':i ,(90 niY;-; /"Y7J l'P';'i :1"))'

166

623

[59

mm'11 ;")1V'!)1 j1' fi~ll mp1l7J7.l O'i)11 ;")i1nO:: ;1'7~ O'~:: 0';") 11!)1V 7Y 11::1V1'1 ~!)'1
'l111 01' 17;")1l 01V1~1 ~'71J} 7::1 7~ilV' fiK1l1 O'illl 71V ~'i1l0::7K l'iK1 K"7'0'01
167 •••

m,:'J:' C'i'J"

;"lV,,,':;

1"-,717.) ovm .0'11;"7,) ltli' 711i' jJ:ll il1J11'),'

0) 1'JO~' P!)O ,,:: 0"11VY ,nim~ Oy i;")O 71V lJill ~m'M1 ~l1':1i:: 'IV '!)i}1~'}~ ~1l1Pll
iJ).'ln ,P"1:: ,11nU':1 "'K:: iiJm ~, j"1).' O~ 01 ,111m;") 11l ).'1'7 l1'ilV!)~ mlV'1l
,;")l1':1i::7
i:11~' li!)OJ "::IV l1'l1':1llnn ;")'!)i}1'J1Dl~J ,11llY xn :;1'~Y71JK O~iJ~ 'i' ;")iJnJ1

1270 mlV:: ~ll':1iJJ mmJ M11nlV mii1l7nn" ,);N;")7 rIJi ll1J'lVn on"ll

:O'llV ~'"
rIll':1'J l1l'11lJ ~llV 7"~
1'W"'tJ

c;;

P

p

'68 ,'11l}

l~ xrn ,Jl"pJ

'11m j1llJ 'l~1

'n:n:7~ I;, 'J";1i1

ii"':\' 100 ,,~,x,

0'~'!)11l m~1Jl '!)01 0~7.l mll:m ,~O J mJ~1 ';") l' "Y
,~, >,",,,;,';,

11Y

m"

'::liP::1

-nrn

'mi -nm

,'J ;")OOU ;")1V11p 111"
'lJ1;") 71V '~1::l;") 01!),J 'WIP O;")'::~ " 11~ 1P~1V Yl1).'J;") 'J ,1V'1~llJ o'ml' 0"J1;")
O;")'J~ " 7).' ~~1Jl;") 111' ;")l111V Yl11l :;")'~IV;") 11'~lVl ."~, Y'lrI ';") nrn' :'Y~l1ll;")

7J1Pll;") rI';") 1~',1l'J ~'1l7 ~'!)Y71J~ t11'J~ " "::11l1V ,0171V ").'~ '::J ?~P'" ~l17:1'JJ

11~ 0~1l i"0;")1V '1O,'1'~ ':1~ lV,nll 0'l11l ;")7~ 0"J1 H'9,~ll'l'J IV'~ :ll'}1l1 l"J
;rIl17l'JJ ;");")IVIV 11YJ O;")J j").'1 ;")":1' ,!)O '1V1"!)7 ~lVnJ o;")'J~ 'i (/() : j7~71V l11lpOll;")
O"llV '1'~ 71V 111Y1' ,;")"l' ,!)O '\:IjlV'!) 11l:1).'J ;")'~IV ,1"J " ,1;")"1l11~ IVl!) 1l1'YJ (J)
7J1i'1l7 ~1l111 '1l'l11111'J " 1V1l'1V 1270 mlV 'IV ;")l17:;,JJ :0'1'!)l 0'Y1"~ Ol'/( ;")7~
r1i":J,o,x"n~n")'i~x'n! ;'J:)i;~ Xl;' ;,mx

ll"::l7jii1.:nn' n'J"::J1N';'i i1:nvn7J;' T1tl'ilI"

'1WP 1J'l'\\V

,;")7::p 71V 'l11V7 01!)'D7 ~7~ -

11Y1;") 11~ j11'llJ 0'11" ,'1'~ ~'II1l "J1 7Y ~01l DJW~;")J 1).' '1.1/(lJ jl1Jnn, ,111Y 'IIp::l
7'111l11iJ1 (J) ;0'117 OrI'J~ " 71V l/(1J 'l!)7 1'!)0:: 11'!)1l 11'00'1ll117').'!)7).' 111'11Y (~) :7Y
11':: "IV 1J 7Y111'11).' (l) ;;")":1' ,!)07 I':"y " 7'111'111"!)J Ol '11"

P

j"Y 'J O"JI': "

111':11' 1l11r~J 11~lY O,i1::~ " i'Y;")'II 111'11Y rn ;/(11Y " 71V 1111111 ::0';") "J;") '1.1')111
./':">-, ::: ,{159 :11;;ii ,'~Y7} ,1'''7101) r1j~J:: nl.1l0n

Wli'!J .XLlI"XL'ny ,1982

':';jy

CI'7C.,." m,';{

,T"t::lUl1 O"V1T ,iitl'V~P I, 1'1J"7:::

,'itr7V

-nn ,tlil10;i J'1':J ,p:i~" '~'7:l:N O:ii.l m

p,n
,;-P:;;i71:JN Cili:Ji' 'V1 i1J1i'.'lI1;l'1:;lO'V i1,Ji';'\ :1"111j\':nl:l m,v
01D1

167

168

.lOS-101
.UJ7-l06 )l~Y ,at'

169

.{OlD1:!) 'A Prolegomenon 10 the History of Kabbalah in Barcctcne'

170

624

60]

eJ1J/jm l11"~Oe 11':i' '1/j'? l1lVx'e :'IV: ,,: ':1i'/j: m:'Jn 1"e11111 1:

'Y ';,,1;'"

'111 l11i';,:m 1111m 1;;De':X " D1II D'!l):l1ll l11Nr.l~1,e 11':'):l ,;;J;;1 .('11'!l101W11' ",~ ,:!~
ln1m1ll el11:~ l11":0 11/j"P :;;11Y/j '11:l~ .'Xl:l;; 01!)';; 11N l11"1:;; e'x 'l11'/jJl ,~'1Y "
7,,~ ~P111 O"P'J1!1 ,11'lJl/j 1": ,O"DXD0i'X 111110' 11"1J e'!lY71J~ O;;,JX " 7111
O":t!?i:: O"l"'ll:J ;C"::'i~fP1Y"bi01~"n';' i:I'i;'1";i,!'l"~:l

,,"N; 'l'" ":9 O"::'iiO~;') O'l?:J'lj?7.:l:i "Jitvt'\i

eJ'e '1)7 O;;/j n1110' 0/j,,»7 mJ'N1 D"!)l:! o':JmJ 1'7:l7 ,'ll'll' ~'lY ',J ,11 ;;,:JP 7111
.e'!ly71:N De'JX " 11N1 ell'Y1II 'l!l'
'Ii'XJ 1IImn;;1II e/j 7» l11l1111 l11'11» '11ll' 1l'1': l11/j"P :lJ O',J,;; 11X ~':m7 D~ '1II!l~
mJ17J1i1:1iU lwn1:3 mo"~n

l::"n:1 ~ib~;' '1,:rp. '~IVP;' ?YD11b

11'l1V?11'7:JP eO'!l11 - n1n~;;1 ;(N'IY

r

R"l\1:JJ

OlDi

,nnl\;"i n,,.;;"1

:;''IT

7~X Y'!ll/j1 C1/j 1111'!lOe I1'Jp7 O'J"ll'e O'lJ/jl

O;;/j 'n~ 7J'll' l':I1JJ 'J ,)71" eJ'Y .('/j,~m 11'J " 7~N eY'Di/j) O'!lW",Y mYll'J;;

":21;' Cl,,1 n',:nw7;' ;,o"~nii OJ. , ib'?:J - in" 01 O"OiD'i;'1"jti o"t\ ,inN:i 01~':i'Y m1Y j"l'

'1)7: 'J

,e~'l '1Y1 .e'!ly71J~ O;;,JX " 7:!N nn~ ;;!l'~JJ ,l11' 'l11~~ O'Y'!l11.1 - '~IJJ,'

111'J N7 '1.1,~m 11'J "ll' 111l\'17J j'l\ ,O"llll'? O'!lW~: poy l\7 l\'lY "ll' ',/j? '11Jll'
(l\1 Y!lll'''' '1.1'~1n 11,: " 'J ,PI1" e11"l»J .7Y!lI11.1-'N1Jl J~I:l71l"e' ,;;INDOpX71J"
l!)l~J Y!lll'le (J) ;ln1m 7ll' o',nN 0'J'J1/jJ

1;' 'ONOOPN:1 'lJ':1111i'YJ 1e ,N'l» '1/j

,rnll.l:111.1 'DO'lll11' n1JY"J eJ11'11',/I111/j, l/j~YJ n-n m ;O""!lO 0"!l1" O'Jm/j 'N/j"Y
.mn!lll'/j 01l' 1'?» ,'»/jll' '!)J

?Y l11Y'J~1.1e 111'1'll'!)Ne '11ll' 11N lnJl
1:1ll' 1J ?Y J"Dl~ )l'J"e ,JJ .N'1» r ]'J7 ,e'l1.1:1

,111J " ]'J1II ei"17 e7'n11 .N'1Y ',? ei"lC
1J» 11.1, pn,,' " p1 'll'~

P "nJ

"

I7l.N'lY " ?ll'/j YDi' 'll' e'l'J 11ll1V,!) 01.1"Y Oell' ,'1.1,~m 11'J " 7ll' l'1J,I:l O'DD,,/j
O?I»e elJ~ p7 pll'l.le elJl:l p

e?JpeJ el"lY '/j,~m 11'J " ',J,/j 17e7111 :1NJ111:1

0" pi ,O"J1:PfliP:tl1:l::J. ,n',1;''';'1 n'l~17Iji iii/'lt?O"b:l.

t?,,::l O'v~~ ann ;'Pib'"

,":li;:)) C11'\ii1

:l11J " ',J, 17e7 :(111'7NOlJ"!l111"01.1J
O"Jll;; '~e I?N '~lJ 11m71Y '~ O'NJ ll" pi
ll'N':1 N1:11 ,J,:1 071)7 N1:111'7»;; 071Y:1 '~lJ Jill'N':1
O'll'~':1 11ll'/jn 7?IJ:1 N1:11
l117l:1 0~11 7» 11!l1ll' ?JIII:1 Oll'l
ll'N'J ,ll'N ,1':1 n11~

?Y

':m ~';''Il7 '1'7' ii"7J own 7W 11'"
172,In., pZ,'7J 0tt71
ill-\'1 (OlUJ ,,'X ";:l ,:!J.N ,l''':l\:' It'' .57-55 '1,i))' }ill lVJ1 t:r71tin' I itil\ P -ro un '::lJ1:J:I Ji7:W'1 ,:r7tm. 'N
inN' 1.:I'mI'! Y011' 1\7P~it::J )11'Ji7I.:1p:J l'1r,X,"i
lm>iV' ~O;J 1(,)'0 'tl"\JUi 111:: 'i':; N:lly '1 7V 111:YDV"J

,to'

171

';1J\7~1:l:: 1"C' l\tlK tl'?::lpb 'D:J 1J'm 11i::l'17VlJ
.56 'b7 ..DiU ,:!'l;;t;U '~~?y eeu» 172

625

[61

111/j71)1 ') I:J,KJ pl
173••• VX1;'1

1m 11J,;'I 071Y

- '1";' l1'J 7X 'lX'J;'I' - 17 011p;'l Pl0~;'1 nl{ ;'l;'l ,1/j"y ;,1 Yt1pJ J'n1/j X11Y '1 r~v '1X
J'n1:1\:1 1nX7 ,11 ;'IV11J .']1'7y;, 11~J mynm ;,nm J11 ,lJ:m 1117ym7 7\://j'J V1'n l{1;'1
"1:1:J

njjj,,, Xlii pTVbil ~,,~,!J

~::J ~'TY 'i YJj? ,i1X'i:Jii iiiti)7t' 11111'\ ;'jj"" pVbi1 p'.'J)7::l

mn iii 7:l' :O::POl

P::l'J1 i'Vi'J1 o"n :lX1V mil O'Wi1 '::J

,';,m 07,yi111m,111 f1J!:JPil'W

iib1.J:1 ,1blY O,XiI 0), ,C"'Jli1 n'W"i::l i13/':Ji'J\t! ;'7:lPiiil jl~' , jjj,,:;

174

/jjJl::lvi'l

,it!' lbit7:J,

11J,' n"Jl/j;'l n't1o'/j;' ;"1mJ .;'''Jp;'l ,V 1/jVJ pJ,l1 o"n JX1V ,071Y71 PI:'/j7
.mY/j1:'1l ,nJJ ;,nYIl mYOl '11J,;' O'lY' ;'I11n~OIl;' ,'uxoop~
iWX::J Jr1iY 'i

':m:;"

O;-riJX'j

r:J "C"

it"i'

,it!

1m'l' 1 ilblot::l

·n,j,'K 17S11b7W i1"j1"j li'b,rb :l11:J ,K!J:Jitiiil T1:ipnil

o'n'pnll;'l

,)J

,,,';'1 iI"Jit7i1 miV!ll'\"

' '.:I:J i'l'5'Y,,::lX Oi1i:lN 'i pYjj

;'/(;'/j (/() :1,,'l'J nnll 'I:' ;'I"1l 1:"1:' 1111l)1l 1:'1'1:' ;'J 111l/jnOIlI:' 11J'n

O',PIl;' J'I:'~ 1111'no;, n'Jp 11/('n ())

171;1111'no;,n7Jp

'7YJ'Y ;'II:'P ;'Inpm (J) 176;1111~

;'I1l)/jJ 1ll"lY 178;1111'~0;' n7JpJ n',10' ;'U',I:' U'll:' /(1;'1 'J mlYt11 ,111/j1:';'1 n'Jp,
111'JJ l11J/jl1O/j 1;"J ;',Y/j lmyu nx I:'I:'X, ',~ oV/('J/j Xl;'1:' l11XJ1/jJ 11'Y;' :Cll1nX;'I
l11K/j)l, 111'1;,m n'~Y'lJX 0;'1J/( '1 71:' l'Jn~ n'J1/jJ ,~ ,1"" v' .X11Y '1 11,Jp 'Y
'I:' n'1(;111X;'I l11YIlI:'Il;' n/( 'n',no lnlXJl X11Y '1 71:' 1'1111m l1X 1'~,,1:' l~ 'Y l11,'Y7J;'
111:'X1;' ,J11;' rn 'J ,01:' lm;,,;'1 ,m'IlJ ;'Jll:'n 179.l11'7XOlJ11n 1111101lJ 111111:'i';' n111m
:m'JI:';'I'1:'
mill:' 0;" X1i" 1111'nO;' '7YJ 'J ;'11
;"l::liVnb ;"lbiV ;'1J1iVXiil ili'::)O;i '::J 17:),,'1

]1"Y 1n~ ;'I1X1i"1 nl'lY 1XJ' 01:';;7 '1'01'1
1:J'~'Il;' 'I:'X1J nll1l1J, 1nJ;' 11m ,,1l
.:m '(jy ,(7;n1Yv mni10j r::!i.J10 "In:J:1iJ1:J ,1 ,::11':11)1 'i' \:I";,"':'" errs FlX11 ,0;:" ,::1'7t:m j"j~' 173
.sxn 'bY,cI'i:>' 174
.28-13 'DY ,JJ7JpFi )11J:::Jn 'l:D,)?)"" '/\ :l1T1J 175
')'J)l "':J Tn1;,: ]J 7"; D:11Jl\ 1":1 ;"1l::}:'V 'i :n~ ::C'nV,iiJ ':J 'ill\ 0:" y'li;:7 In'V~ m:\I<~ .nXi ::";. 'I1::IT1:i
176
. J8'nY,av ;'I'm
.19 fUll ,01.7 ;'1;"1111:11i

my-u ,J:i 7:Ji: 7!':i YiJVV

C',,'V:i mlbl'iIJ

illlJ71 nen

;"11:) il\

In", 'DVM' 177

1\';"111~7iU ,,:l1J1,);'i ;'T'1\T " V'JK1;'i iJJ1;11J:llii OJii:1 11:lJ'7 ;'\\11:1 111 iin17Vii m).,Kii lll\"fJ '11111:J C71l'n'

\78

1'\7':I I 'J\ti':i p,n>i 7::p ':lEl7 rl11::m;, T'!ii'::lOii ;'1J1Vl\i:l ;'1:;"'fi p7n 'n7Jp iJJ ')l~iU ii'l\'117:l7117 Y'lin7
;' ... m::l1b;1 oy rrrn VEl) ~1T1'VJ

,7"), ~m'v

C;'1'JV

r:: nr;, cy ,1'lVl'iiJ1 1\31:');: inx l\7N ')Vi!N31j'
.17'1:')'1 ,DtI

IV)':"

,mi7 11[7'):1 'lb'l; ~u., nl'I11X,' "m"1J 1/<: ""l,";/<: m'nlK:I ,tV'11!:liJ;: O!t'J C'J1j"; o"Ytlp ;"l.'::1J1.1 ,1KiJV liD
.90 prn "") ,7:JC'ii ill\'

rurrc

179

3

62]

626

1')m '~J ;'1J~;'
11

'1m'

~1~;' "~J ;'~11 111K1;'111

ml'~111 01P~ K1;'1 1'~;' '~';' 1~111~ 1111K
;"lm,~ ;"1~ ~P~ K';' 'JK 111K1;' 1'~il U'K 111~;'1
mn~ 0"nil111K1;' 0::t,1

l'

mJ;:jil1 'l;-n'l-<:ii O'SYii

J

rbsm ;"'7~ i1::lttlli~ ii~:;:;

'1117~ 111 " ;,~mJ 1nnoil O::t,;11

V

O'ln K'1 1'1n K'1 1m 0111 ]'K111
1" nlK1p'111K'J 0111 n, ~'01'1

1

1n~~

1)

1111' 1K1Jil 1l'l,1 11il1p 1'1K

.nil"J 1111'no 1111,il n1'n01 n1'no ,~, n111j1' n~~

l'

06-17 't:Y' ,oto ,Pj~''!)

1

01n'0;' Kpm ,'l111;'1 11111K1n ll"J1p~n 01n'0

v

p

'1Jnn nK 1Kn1~ K1n 1111KJ 0~111 ,]"ljlil

.K1!jI '1 ,::tK O~ 1l11K UW!111 01n1n '111 0'0'1J;' ll'l"nKl~n ,jlJ K1n - ;';'1m K1n 1iljl111
j'K'~ ;'K1l ,l111'nO;' n'Jp'1l11il111n 11,Jp, l110n"n~;, ll;,1JK '1'111 1'l11lnJK' 11Tnl OK

K1n l11i'non 11,Jp '111lK'jI .1J'J 0'l1111K1n'111 lll1,m K1n 'K1Jl;' 1"ljl;'111 11j10' KJ K1;'
:1il1K
0'1:Tl;' ll"J1pil;' 1il 0'1J 0'l1111K1n 'JK
il

... ll~::tjl' O'K'Jl O'K1Pl

~

l11n,nl1iln l11J-,n O;"l11J111nilJ OJ,J 0'1J1il;'
On'l11J111nil n::tp 'jI 0;" 1'K~ 0111n 11K1 ...
lOP 11K 0;,'n1J111nill1111, l1::tpJ
0T1'11b ~,;, i'~ii iiiiV O'O'SY:l O'!i'!:;:;1,i O:i,
,n11'J'111 0;"

KJ 11J1 l'K 1K
,11J1 K1;'111 K1n

:2

180 ••• .,,~

OX'!:;'

:3

:4

~,nJ 'J1pil n'n111 ;'1111Jn;,

1',;-m lljl ;'Jnp 1111J';, ,jI

,1nK 1:;il ,0'1'jI~ 1";' ll'1J1;'

]1'~1n) 'K'1!jI '1' om'~n 'll'l1111J{1n 0"J1p~' ;'l11Jn 1j1111'1~ U' 1J1~n rn 1m'~J ,nl11'~

'J ,0;'1JK '11KJ 1lI10 'l111 1::t~ ;(11K: n';"K;' ;'K1111;';'1 11K;'1mJ nJ'111';'1"JjlJ KOJl1il
;''';'11 0'111j1~ n'K ll'1J1 .lll11~ 11m;, 'lll1'1T7~' 'l1::t'n 11J1 nJ j'~ ll'l1111~1 '111 On~1Jl
181,;'"

:5

O'l~ J{' 11 ,J 1"~J ,;'l11'~ ~m '111 1J'01 1'n1K ,jI O;'1J~ '1 ,V m11"

01"1'1"1);"17 jiY~":J:J

' !i'

11t'~J

.\5 'bY ,CV ;P:l't;'

I so

em'l! mn ow1":;J JiH O"':1i'1S'l
O;,O'::JIi:l VwnV:i' ;1l;j11.J re-p :i?::lP:i -pru 18i
.i'l'm'::l:l.7:l; n;)11i;j Tli"T'l' ;'i:n1 07';;' 1'1 :In),;';) ,,1m:nvn 11'\i7,)' 07m ;11');11::1:1

[ 63

627

P

C"p:1 P111I.l:111K7 /C'llll1Kl:1 C'7J1P1.l7 :1l11J:11)1ll1' 7111 1Jl'llI Il7~llI7 lll1XJ C;-l1.l~
.7')1' u 1l1ll1 rn

Il'l1.l1·1~ Olll 11.l"p11llll1J 'l/ "'I'

)I'J,1.l' 81illl',lJJ

p, CllI :11ll1J:1il 1"cll11~'11

il'Ji';' 7)1 l11.lI'1.lJ ,7')l7111.lXJ

;"::lj?il '7:£K ilJl:JDil Xi;" ,1":1'.11;' ).iiiJ "WOP jnl\i1 01n~tJ;, ;il'Jj?

nny l'X

O'i'W' O'On"

,1":17 .11'JltJ?il ;"l?Jp;, 01£1'0 -

7tu

O'01::J'O 'Jll1

,nX;"Il /1"l'",~~"nMn'D1D1X'1"h"

111" I1'Di'7X"1 Illtl11n1.l ilrnJ7 01p1.l t:1' 'J ;'1 ibX1.lJ un- l1X7 ilXll .111,1Jp;, 'Illlll'J

,l';i 11"I:IJllI 'DXD0i'X·'DO'1.l 01~' 7)/','111J 111'l/ 111.l"i' Kl1)1 '1 'JIl~~llI1ll'l,' .J,1.lil 7111

p.11.l~ .ll11J 11111l 11lJ'Il;)1 I1)1P1J;)

V'P:1

n11 '1'·7)1 7)1~11l - X'Jl;' 11.l~ - 77~111l;'

/n",1Jnii 'l 'ii"Y0' lo""!:l'~nOl 0'311'7' O'11Jlb 'jitl O":JTJ U?'tV N'7l:17J;'MYt?j?:l " 11J'l'\i

nJ11lJ .,11l'llI7111b'P11.l;' 111'11)1;' IlnK .11'''~0;) ;'l','J O'lll11 o'lll1i';)J jJ7 0,11' l)1'~l,'11I
'JIl~J '1,1l '111111Jn:l' nJ1bJ '11'1l 01,1' 'l~D "11l'" .J"~llI17'K ;)Kll;' ,~~ :-Pl,1l 'ill~);T

rn l/Di'll m"D,Il;' Il'77~il 11'11~I'DIl;' illllln:l ,IlKl Illl1ll7
t;l"~7jil

'83 .1'11)1

pI' O;)lJK "

"l"'Tljf 0), pi ,i1i'Dnm T"Y7J;'1 "'7.1'1 ,f'Ti"pn :1"':;' ,ilJ O"'VPil O"1b'ji11 O'MJlbill

71111171 ,mil ,n'lll;' 7., 11'~1,;' 11',1:1';' ;'P'DO'1l7 IlD71J ;'1") 0'7:11l ,11J';' 1'7;'11 7111
.t1":l?Jiil ':J,n'b FPI1W lYDltili11V l;,m 10'.Jl:1"T!;"l

;"',';' 'Ol~'J O'Jln;, 'llll

P

11'1l' '11i' 0'1l"i' ,'K1Jl;' 011~111 ':l171l1l1l~;' ]1'Il';' ',J

:11'l"l"no;'!
II' m,·'~7;, 711111lO 0'11l/71'1;' Il'71'1DOptl mlllll~ 7111 'i'11.l .0'1'llI;' l'llI "11'~ (I)
.11'~1';) 11',1;)';' ;'P'DO'1.l;' Jln Ill' ,m'1.l~ l"l)llV I'llI1lJ lJl'1.l;' .0'10;~ Jln 7111 l"~K1.l

'll1.l'1.l;' O;'lJI' '17lV 11',' ;";'lV ,;'l/'J171' 1JK,'om O;'lJK '17lV l1J'n1.l )lDp ,~ ,lJ1101.l
1'lll1ll1 11111lVm 0'1''';' l'lV7 lV11'~ 7lV ,'1., ;'''l/1.l7 1l;, ,1'Jll~J 0'11)17 DD1,1.l 1'1m
'17ll11"11'~ OJ p'l)l1.l 0'1'lV:l i'llI7 ;ITJ 'Il)lll '" .11171l1:lil71' ;)l'nn:l 7)1

.0'1'llI:l l'llI7 "11'~ ]1J'11 pK ;'.,1.l '1 0:1 lJ'n ,7')l7111l1'~ ,1m' 'n1KIl

Jil OJ n111.l71.l

185. J'lpl/

pI' ~01'

111'01'71';' 111"'J:l '11111 Ill' 1~111J JlIJll O'l'lV:l "lV7 1'1)1 '17ll11lV1"~ ,7'l/7 'nJ",llI '~J
M, Ide], 'Ramon Lull

:717 1J101 7Y 11~li:',j;"li

iiJ'p,1J OJ, "N11 ;(01D1:l)

;':i17:nJ:l :i7:1p;'i ,7'~l{ '~

:;'il\i

182

and Ecstatic Kabbalah', Journal of the J,1,(lrhurg and Courtautit Institutes, 51 (1988), pp- 170- 174

.13 ,11)1fl
O"::mOli 0"11pf'll

cmrn

O'1J1;'

nrn

;63-62 '1)17 ,(!O3 ;'i1)1jl

,7'in 11"

"'-'Y

,7"77 ;'l/\' 183

;'11T ;lOp;"; :"117 1'Unn

184

O,r;7 ;or;".:l'" [----J 1JiJi'J c plJ 1J,' ,Ol1\;'l!V 171...' :(1711.1.. 1'n~:ln:::l J!i'.i pV ,11pn::l mn""pji mli'O!)
71\ fl;l1'F;J J'J"ii'iJ;'ll VElJil 1':"1"0'" 7).1 ';-;71\1 11l:l'1J;"\ 07';'" 71\ l'7r:m71\ ,rnpJ1iil ;,y1:1ii mrpJl 'JnnP1
07')1 rJ7 U'J O'1'~1n;' 0"01);"1 J"il\ ,.on;, 1:11 ...O'!:l";'l Cr"'J1,1 a'7,Y:l flXl:1J "i:J"inllV1J'm O".:n'7Y,1
o

O'i;'l1t?1J;: O'tiVi1 [----J V1P;' 071)1 n11ll'i 1'7Y 1i'W1 i17)J11.J [----J iYV::l ;"I,y[----J .ep'Jiin;,
."... O"'~V;' lnmJJ

'''y

inN ,1'1' 'lL':J'1J [---- J i'111M'1::l im\7!:lJ i7 ",:.n'l ,i1'YJ"i' r:n6n 1'C"N 1"'Uri::l

'/::)'JUX;1 "J"riJ 'l!,'j ,13,110

7J:l o!r,:m"/::)

,,1T O'J't'lO 1')011\' J1 j1"i'.i'

:'lm.7N7 tl71:l11'ti' :;'.1..i'.i;-n )i°tJp

F. Rosentat, 'A Judaco-Arabic Work Under Sufic influence'. HUCA, 15 (1940), pp. :70Jlli 73N 111JtV
,"J.Jjj "JllJ'iJ YVljl' P ", "'7 J"ilD'V!:li1 ,'"n, nlV'10;' jj11/J :j1tlJ!:l 1~;"Ji1l i1,'"i ,11 l1J"n .433-484
,19-13 'bY ,l\lJ1;ljl ,l"OWn C''7V'1' ,C'1,,1,.1171\ "N 10'1J,l\111lJn7l\ '71\ 1V,n7X')
.90 i1,Y;";

r y7

,1.

185

64J

;'i'i!J

lJ:::m

628

IT .n'7~11'li"j'~il-n'Do'tl:-r i'ltti";'iii n'~'OI"1tJO'i1;' ;'Z".1:1 ,O'i'Wii i''(V \Vli'D ~V

1, 1"1X 0).

i.l'W:l O"Oi'~ii1 O'J.:I.iZij;' D'YiJj?ii 1~ i1b:JID UI6,i"Ji'Y px ~OI'
mY-7jttnj~n:n J'11;rJi':l tl'iiinii t.:tmlb:J \Vli.:,'iti

1ir'~b iiJ,iinN:;1

1m 't:o'j'j;'1 1171',,7 o'mli lil::l.'i1::l
.~'lU'~:1

'1't?':l "'71\:1 tt'~l;1i1 O'l'tp'tlO'bii ':l.1i1:::l in t\t.7i:l. iiiY::; :Ji;' i"'J;;;1 .1il':tb;"l1Vl·P~ (2)
i"!JDb;" ISS ,ilij711'ij:i, I? ":::lPbi! ~i"iii1~:J.i il:rn:J OJ.

nJ"J;Jb iii ypi "

pi

187,'?C\n7X

?iti'

l'ilJ'nJ 05,

.Ji'T1:;?ii n:n:;117j:J i!'\t,';Jij, 0"1:1:1 17V O'b'C~ ttpi:.1iV /biV;'1

'b't'J1 ,i'JlWiD u'm:nb 'l1,:I'PW;'ii,j '!J:i ;1;' i.:F"l'Wil j'lV

'i:ny?

n/\ Vi'!J':;r 1'{iTY 'i 7t·11ij~.n,

tl'iiSV""I:' 1":11 .liN: r:l7"I? 0:;' pn~"l IS9 .!l'n':,~ ji''\VX-I::l ;-ilVYb Trliio::n ,i'Tt1b, Tm:njii

ml~t:i nO':JIlJ :l,nttm, 71:1'

p

rn 'iiP?) 'Y"'3' ;tl'i'lVil

0'100 11'01 O"P ':) ,1"" III' .n1~'~J n11"'100

,;")mm "!::)1t::

i'lV' 'Vli~n:t 1111:mil ~mii.:' :117''tV?

rnrn

Oll nnn~m'1 111pJ1' ,,:):)

,ii:JiC 1:17" ,P'~;'1'1 :1i11 1:ii ll1:l ii:\~'PjJl ;"~!Jn;'1 ~Yt~7 ,m~.,p~)i';' 1111~7.:i;'

ooptmpJ Nil17 '1 'IIIn'Jilll0~ 1m'!' nm170 11 OJO-m1pm 19°.111:)IJ n111i11p 1'1:)111
O"Jlpl"~ ',1n 7/1 OJ1"~ m1plO1ll1117J ~OiUJ IV1J!l ~i1IVP rn l1J'n n1l11110 1JIV ln1' J111

,U, 0'lI11'~ 0"J1pO~ 'llIV~i po :1117111Nl

191 .0'1'tm

i'IV n~ t:7i'OIV ]1t:7~i:: oom N1~

0'111'971 /~ilY 'i O:Jr1;" OiV:l Cl'i1il\ O'l7:tli'~ 'l~:t 17:tp i i ' jUl:J~:l"pn'li\7:tipt);'iXii1l{iiY 'i
ll1i!:)O::l il~Wii iN:i11 :'i'iI in 'llJ'l:J :N:~;"i N:nitm N:T1"m 1/'\'1

1.92 •

'::lVJ1'1 i'l:!i;'W '~:J

f,

.oro IO:Jn~J

'1b:Jn' iX fO'~:Jn' omx :iJ:J~ 10~!l'OI'''!l' 1rIijtJii:l ,1j1j!:9 Nii;) !j:t':t O'l!liOi7'lt, i1!l1j?11:i
193'/o'lnl0"~!l' oniX m:l?.:l N:iii :t1i,"'ln'",yC' ~N: ,N:'l"n i::l iX ?N:'lii) 'i O"C'iYW 'l!l:: /ipn~
ii~ij .rn 17,)t\7,):1 1jji~:tW ijjlj "0"

7:9 ,tl,i'?,j ,:J7,j

.rn ~1j'l:J U, iiim iii,:) i'ii:t7 011'1,)

tv",

lN1n~lIIlt:70~ .11'JillJ 0"0101"O~ O'Jn:)~ n~ ~1117 '1 '111 ~J1ip~ 1n11J'~J l1t:7p N1~1II

.0"'Jp 0'11n, lJlI O~OIV ,0'0101"O~ 'lmJ 111J'ln '0'1" Nl1l1 'lJ pJ1 'OJn'
~~iJ~ ,JJ N"Ot:7 01~J Nl1l1 '1 '111 1n10i m~~, )'O'P17J Oi111 m lpno

.n~-1~ 1l:J)7

.p

'J ~n

r~y

186

Hava Lazarus-Yafcb. Studies in ;:-mV;'i! .J933 1';";P 71111;1n ,'r,7X OJ';; N'n~' :'j"D,i1 j""l1J'nJ iP"YJ
At-Ghoerali. Jerusalem 1975, pp. 412·436

187

,cv ,N1:1t::l

.51 'bY ,(J":';'11-l\";nm n ,""100 11'""Ip ,t:l3J'J:I :';"1 :1")7 188
.or, ''I:;;) ,Xii;) 'i? rntj;1~;'11"''lJj~'1i'!:l 189
Olb':!

lWl?n P"l<:V rn1:!i,j pi :1,;': pn

,iii :\11'1 "i:ln

,,:lY 177T1 Jim:n.1 'V Ji'ji1p)i';'i rnynV1J7i 'n;71' ';om

190

::l1'.:l~:lb 11;j;J ,]WiX""I iyv ,l'Ii:l::l?<1 m::nn :0) jintm .{95 'r.;:y ,[129 :-11;,.';'1 /,~;)?] F1J'tv m11;:iJ) O'w'Ol~

0'::2<111\;'1 r,:I;'il{

l1i:Ji

'piti:l :lUi::i;'1 1i.Jl\iJ lID)

l' ~)i::"1 Cl71V ::l,:l i:l;'iN'?1 ~li:l;'i 111\ 11::ii' O"blU 07,.::n'
,,,;Ii] 7iJ'i:l:i 7' "1l,jl\1J) '1::" ';J:; omnJ 'J7j'iV

.(85 'bY ,[ 104 ;'n;;-I

'i'I'O

,,:l ;mT''Il: lnpt;'iV ,:iDi;:m'l ro-eo tlY rn1?N'1 ;1i"i?IV fib"? m:n:y 1J"ij')':]: nD'i"l:J T'17Jj?fi T!'t/{,J

191

VjPii~":lj1:J:l iJ'1iJ'n Oml'i7 '7:1P it'i1'E} ;r::t,i7l:rJ1n O"J1P1;jii ~jr.:.'1'iiV ,11Ji;,';'1 OJ pi ,V1i:J1?J 'Ji.'liD
.~ni'lJ;;

.lil7:1!,:1 mi!:lO:: Xli;) 'i7 1m');) 01V:i

'v

O'V10!.j,' "J1C'X1 ,\t,' OJ''J)'' l\ViiJ O;1V

m::liil'?::J1 ot:::1 "rona" 'u':'

:3-2 ''C'':J

,ii'Jp 'ipn ,'::::;11" 192
.17 'f.ly ,0:':" ,ot'

193

629

[65

'."J1:J CFi1nX'

,N"ny 'it" '~JD .1'1)'Jljilbi'l ;1~:lP;' ~:Jn:J r:!~ n~n,~;, JPi''-P;' i1j7~t?O"b;'1 j":J 11li1?;)

1'(1;;' 'i?

'ill

il;!.'i!7 ii'ift::' '91'

o"ny, 1m}); m:Jijl1:J.il ii'l{j:J -nm-~;,o rn:l' 'i 1'1~ m.bX J'wm:m
l
;-r1'i,)1 li::m ,N li';'11!7 prp' X'l\ ,'110 11::1' 11J'11:1 , ':l"'tJ:J~i;'1 T7j,n;) pi

1"ll:l ,1;1)-';0 pn~' '"", m'J'N ':lJ, 0"P1n0 mpoi.l

7V l!1:rn:J

1'~ J' 'm"ll

'ill
'ill

'rp~m

;"Pi'l ~, ,'lJ:li'

':J ,i')it\ iii -1t'P;-C.l .;"iI1''Vl\1:l ii7:lPi1 1i11il1Dnm n'l"11;"'IIJ iir.J1ih ~'lY

'i

,tv

'~.m" ;'::l'in iii'110:l njmy 1i

'1,n

ilJPo'O

I,

01n l:l:l ; 1i').'

nN \"ni.l 'lP;:;' vr 'nJl1 nFJ)/'

.rO'iil0'i11'lj'l~:'m,j 1nl'\ XiiV 'i iT'i!

l'N .'lP1!n ,iIIX ,)/ 0111 l'!l 1i.l' 11'1 iII',Mn' " l'iII ml)/p';'1 X11)/

11:'n: 1l1:l1:l111ll:l1Jn 1111101:l:1 n1'~' '!l0, 111K':: m"D~l:ln ,pn~' ','111 111'1P11lln
on" ;]:11 N,I)/ " .N'T)/ '"

n11JNn 1II11'!l nN m"!)N1Jn m'lD11lln

p,

,J")/1111 pN

'J."J;lJ 'P111J'VJ1~ Ip-17');:) !l'\1;'l'i' i:J.l ~'1 ,iJi'..1~ tJt?~biil1i':lm" ,l":lbi;'1 '~b 0" '1:1::1

,mn' 111' " ,nN'l 11)/ .11:lr;;-m n'11n'n ;]'mOl"!): 'P::l11)/":l N11)/ " '''P~1:l ;"Jp
ilil{:J 01\;"1 - 1T n.,'~'t?p't:1rx ilO'01l

1"lJ'n 0",11:l

1';]

il)',)"pnJ

i1:l1t' n'Di),m'),il ;':PJOil

n"J.i17

if,nYb

01ll111:'n px OJ :'11' 0111 ,OlN:11!l 'llll: ''IN 1N ,nJ1';;1JJ ,nl11'J

.'111"'n nmn', 1i.lU,n OJ1 O"1JJ/n
''IN ll7,1.l ,1'n1J11.l ,J'P11l nl:l nN "" "'l:ljpl1l:ln ,J11:l11l ':IPi.l' 'Nmi.ln ,~"j)/ '1
.'n'Jl1N'n-11'!l101N'11' nl1:i.ln n,:p: m'DllDOpN-n1'!l1~nrnr. '11I1nIJl!lnJ 'T:l1i.ll'P011

,)/ n11n~" 11m nnmOi.lI'N ox

OJ ,1':l1:l: 111'DO'1.l nT'11n ')/ nT'I')/' nT:'",n on'" 111'

"0)/111 'lO'J m1~ OJn 0"'1IIn '1''''' 1111n'!)J ~11)/" '1111'1J'1 .jn"N )/'In, n'1:' 10m
.'1"J1:J i'ln~1 .l'irnJ

.nsrn i',n7jj'i ,1X::J lm).Jyn;'11.l11inXl1il!1t\ ;i""O~ 'i1'ii111"'017:1i1nW1

'1~;"

nnii

0'0'1 1P1.l' nn)/ ,'10ll ;0'l1'" O''1'''pnJ 11l{n 11'P)l'1 'n11n j1'P)l' 1lon"m 11'ln l'ni.l:

J,

'ili' ,','~,n '.:m::JJ l"Y' .m iVPil:J JJ,jl'i ;"y;"nv l1X
T::llJ;'i 7\V 1i,jl'f' .m7~'ii' 7V on' ili:;;':l 0;'1\1':1 rxtJ tl':l:l'J ,in i"'JY, 0"'1";1 rrrnpz '.'llli'

O'b"i' "i1~ pn» '::J ii7Yr;, prrI'

il7"~ i1~WZlili1 ,,'}PiTY 'j'K,ry 'i '1:Z' 0)7 " ,
;-n pVi"

'Iv

.X':::lii lb y:milln'1:J ?9:J

'1:l1::J ;'~l:JJ:i T1li1i:l

:lij7ttt ni.7p~ 11't:n\n~ n iiJnJX .Oy7:l

m-;J'!n1J:l Fli 'l,::lin m'"'l:i

,t-t ,;;

,in 1=1 j'.t7X

P. ,itl~

,V

J, ":11 nXiWii1b iiJIib l1t'Xlii

nD'::lnJ iTVP;'

.rrn

'.nl'"n rYij.

iilr\71" ii1'7.'-1'7.J PiOD7 'JV" l:iirtJ lbOJ

PiP)'l' mY;'lJ:i ili'':{' 'Iulj WYT:D:1·WU~';'O jin::;· 'i 'ltV ll'P1Nt?::11l;"!

J, ,t7 tP7:J;l

.1'l'IJ'11 'JmJ 111': 1ll'J
~\til~

?tV 11", '1'1t:l'Vi1 mn'uii ,"72X::J ,01

J1'r'nlf/::1 l1'iXr:l. Jl'J::m 0")::\)7/'.)1 1'r1b X7l'\ lrN

194 1 1";':1;'

i'VPilJ

i!)07~ 7~tl:l ~ti1)i ~T1iV 1V1r.l'tii1

.nO"!;I1,;"lip'Y?) '1i:J"Y;'~ .tll!;::' 1';"lr';,O Pil~' Ii nlin~l.":J:l 1i'l'tJO'OJJt\\'J"N; l1'!O"[JJl'?

',it' ;'l;'~:ltl I1Y11X "l7Jlb mer') Tb;.n,' 11"0''::;:: 7':J 1'1111.71' ;--m';"l x:;, a;':J:J 1111'0071 \ij v,n
.144-141 'OY ,:nnn Cl'bJ'il -

;'17Jp ,'7"1\

194

66]

630

'111~ " ?III n'lm?,n~~"11'D101?'n~ 1l10'nl1 P? ~l n1l1'n rJ 'IllP O"P O~ O~ .l11~?~~
J7.)'IY '1,:1:1·'':U;, pnl' n11n:l nm" tv' ,'ny" ;"1'i'.J;'l n~ 195,0':;01.:1 O'J",W:I

I,

1tl,V1 ,?~"117 '" ~'lV " 'JI1:>:> '1~~ '1tl'1 'm,J1?'lIItl ':>'l 'llll~ 1:>1l~ ?III '~"P
01ll~':>1 l1'l'D?D11'l'l ~vnlll~ l1n1111~VIII 0'1,,1' o',:>ntl ?III 0"D101?'n O'Dope ?~ ~P'l:>
.0''''1:''1' O''lti,~ O't!u!'b'X O~ iiXiJ:J'l

,1'\'l'n i:l O;'i:lN '.." .",;, rrrrr 'i ,"":1) l::1 il7J'tti' "
,;,n'NWmJ'X\tl ,:-r::l''t'J 'V O'''J"py;, o'n.:m.~:i '~:l ,OJbN:1
1'l,'?;j7rn ,,:1j·').o pn1' Ii
l:!'7j'1'1?;j:1 O':l1i:J:l O'i\1iii1 (o"?i1:m~ o"'mi r:::t',i'j"

O,,:JtV) 1'~'iVl'J' 1'1ii"110il
tl,:l1i7J

f

,ttl

~'l'tl o"p 0'l1V?1) "~~ ',tl'1 ?~"lV '" ,~'lV " ?III '111' O"m1'lll~ 0':>11:>:> ~I1Vlj 1?'~'

n':J:i't:i' :r:m:J n1t\:1Jn;,;'i ntv""?;j ;"1m 0")7::1 tJ"'nil ''lW''b:l

.('iX;" nlii1 "'lib'"

1':1

",::1

D?':> 111J,'p o'nv? O?,~ I n1I11n'l1n~ 1P'tl 1II~lIItl~ 01~~ ?III ,:>?:> ,,~~ 11?:>~ ,~ m,n
p,lII P:>1~ 01~n ,,~,?:> .l11~:>lm ?III J!~:> "'111~ 01~~ 11~ 9'P~~ ",~~ ?1111',1'l'n ~pm
.,:>?tl V:>ll~ ,,~? 1P'~1 '?:> 1II~lIIlj 1'l,~ l1'lm",:>, ,,~~ 1111:>
'lj~~J

,'?V 'l1VJ!~III) 'm'~ 11'p,m ?III,l11'1:>'~?V noo:>l1~ 0':>J1j~ 'lill 'J1:> 'I1mn

O'J11:>J O~ ,"~~ l1?Jp ?III ,~ ',~n ?~ rrnn ?III 1110'nl1111 1:> ?)11 ,(1111j11p 11111JVJ1 rn
mb'''i'7~

l:1V iN'

"I/'''''b 1N'

W"" i:li'j o.,tl,tl.,~ :1':20 nmnlniJ l;"Pii1,XiTY 'i'tV O'i'j'l''l7ji'i
.n"j'il";"l·1i"n'~:1 lWi£i'O? 11'O?iJ n'lj~'b

*
110l:>l~

;,p'l

*•

nrn l"PV ?V e?,J In'~J ~OOJl1n p'nv~ O?'V:> ~~'Jj~ :'~1'l" nll"lV 01:>'0?

D?'J ~I J1'PV?1II 'Do'~n O,III"J .~'p~J ~'Jl~?111 O'J'~ o','~'m 1~ ~?WIII 'n:> 196 ,01~J
i1biJ ;'ij":;);'l\v:l ,ii1i:l 1.:1";' , j",'X:l

""n "v;' npn;, ,',nn ."7XP,,;1-"N'i"om;'i ~:J';'f1

.ml'1II111'l~tl~:v l110'nn? ~i"1 III' m'~ l"PV? .:V1P~ n,,? ~,~ mpJ1~ l1',1n ?III n'111n
.01~~ 1m ?~ '11~'111~ 0'" ?III ~,,~~,~ n1"'~ nVlll1 I1D?'J rn ~101j 0'~~1~?1II i'?nJ

,D?1J O1p~ ,,~~ OD1l1 O~,~'O? 0"l1D?n,1'l'l~ 0"1:>'nJl 01l'D,?n, J1D?n~ ?III O~'JI1:>J
110" 'iV1Jt\;'i 110';' 'IV rnm ,~ 1f1:J'~W ,;'i'::J;J';'1 ,),1T'iJ

,T11i':;P

,tv

mO'::Jrb i'li"T:J 1i~n

11'l ~:>'Dpno,n '1l'1II~ mJl'p O'l1V? ,n"?v I1Vll11J 77:>"1'1:> ':>1,'j 11'l:>
?III 0'lj1P,~~ O'JI1:>J 77:> 111:>ll m'~ '1~~ 110'Dl1l11l1VD? ~1'lJ 'l~ 1'~

1971'n?1'ln

198 .m~,o

n"~'J

L Twersky, Rahad of Posquieres. ;311'-310 '~:7 ,(5 ;"Ii;.'ii ,'":77) 07:Ji'rJ m'1!)OJ O"'1pn~ IJ"'tm. :1""7 195
.215-214'11:; ,PP"111 om If'll'!) j Carnhridge J962, pp. 257
;E.R. Dodds, The Greeks and the Irrational, Berkeley-Los Angeles 1951, [Jp. 64- tut: 135-178 :;'Ji'lV;,\ 196
,(J2 ;,iYli
nii'pmt7ii :'i~NJ:::! ;'1)1 'Jl': ii1.mi';'i 11"':T;'1 ;"'li"OO'OJ iT 10'nl1 ?tv 1"nmO' ,;y
A.Altmann & S. Stem, Isaac Israeli, Oxford 1958, :"N1,"lC'1 J'tm~, 'VpJ 'X;'i) m~Vjj1 1'J mp~1;,)':J 197

,"Y')

,207 'l:ly:n ;1!:lN'I.:lJ O'J1V T1101pOJ ,'o"n:i 11/\J

"1\7'

,'''Jii ;61-59 'l~Y ,11"t:O"I.:l;'i :i""nji ,""/\ .p. 186

'J ,1'yn

.OV 90
'pnbJ

T:JJ

;iJ1 'IN) .11!)J iPiii:'?

1";;; N1;; I1I .\i' ,mUD,n J'l'11t;O'ii;; nrrcn 112 i77;1 rn7l\C'i1

1'\")

(,m:;,'iJ '111:Jii

198

631

[67

'11::11:::l O'1'1nX'

tl'~lT'1J .i111'l i111' 071J t:1plJ 110D1J1 N';] plJ-inX711:1 pi X',X 1"'~7111 rm:>' 'i

70 mn

nl't?JJ"b1i:1V itr ':;' 9l'{ ,O'J1iV r:p'~,~ 0':111;':1 '10':!l,:r Oii'JV" ,O'bl1P on ilXiil rrrn

r:t

1'::17 iliitl:J;'1;"1 T';'in ":1':;1b 1':1 i1~xn;"l i1'~U'i;j O'J1V7 .o'JrlUiJ o'~j?'t)o')'j' Ol\n;T~ jj,lilVb
O":liJiii P Clii,:n, 'i 'Xi'{ ,Xb""" .rm 11'\ ill\ - ;"11i1:1 U'l:l.;"l :P:;'ib;11 ;-;Vlnn;, ,plnii
T7:1l17 ;Ull:l;r:l O~ '111:1p;r

,it;

199;l'P~:l

111:l1ip 0'n)l7 'X1J1~ Xl;rl ,'I~IJ 'T:li~ ,IX;] ll'j7\1

'OKU'1'1i'l iiJJbil 1'0':1 riJib 0:.. i'~01"i')i

200 "i"~:J

lllblOb 'lb'J~;' il?-\i'1;"i:l'tO ,iiit7:lii;'

1110'Dn 202 .nnx;r~ j1l'l 1711:1 l'I:l'n1l:l1:l7 lIJ1i;r 201,pj7)1 px ~01' ',7 0"'1I:I;r i'1I:I1I:IIi'D
'il Xil)l 'i 711:1 o'~1nJ oilj7~11:1 0'l111:1 0"7:lP o'ilJ'nJ O~ '10'J ','7 mX:l ilx;r 711:1 17X:l
;r1J' ...77Dnll ax' :ilJXllJ1I:I '0'l111:1Xi;r 0'7Jlj71J7;rlll:l;r i\l1l:l' ilJ'n;'! 711:11J71~J ,7X'iT)I
:'p':> 'i)lV' ilJ'nJ OJ P1
204/ •••• '.'l!jb ;"1i'\Xl'

2OJ;'ilX

iJ)I 7JIJI ;rl'D 7:l1J T111J'JO 7:l1 ilX ;rllX1I:I1n)l'J

i'\':1W 'l1'l\i' '1'1.1")7

,,'N::J

il"'"

iiii'bl1 'n17J11 .iiiXiVJ ;'ii'XiiiV

'n'N:i'

;r~xm;r ;r7~n~ 011:1 ~X .rrrn Jlij7)1 im' 071J ';rn7:>;rJ o'PiD' 'lJ'l1lx;r i1J'nJ ,l1Xlll~l)17

nrc o,x;r 711:1 1l1D'X1I:I1'J ,0'~1I:I11J;r o'lJm l'Jl ;ri1l:lJ;r;r T7;rn 'J':lilJ l'J
rn n'n" :ii1)71Joi11:1np'Ol~J V11J'1I:In P7 ,17')lM1I:I "J 1'7Xn"iln7111:1'j7n

rrna plJ'7
'i~)I 7!X

0:111'0. '1;9:1 om:J"ni11 'IV!)J;'

rrrro '!J'" ;'Xi.:n "I'i' 1'::J. ;',1;'Oii n "I '1 i1 l'\WJ n i1"I 111' "I'Jn, :J.7i1
i'vn m~')llJ nj7J,n TX ,n'7X iJIn i1l:lXJl 'n' l'nll:>IJJ nn~1I:IJ o:lVIJn1 oOlVj71
205. 'iV5JJ;"l1:J1m ;'1T::l.

ilJii ... 0"":\"l.n.'l;' "I O",:J i1

o':l'lVlJn o"~'lllxn n1110n llJ nJin 7V V'1n1.l11'DX7 olplJ V' 'J ,nXil n:l ')1 11',n llJ
'J ,nV\l1J7 ,i017 iVDX .l"JlJi7 ~X1I:I V'17X'iIY 'i7 ,X'IY 'i7 Jl'-'D-7Y ,nl1i'~J ~1n7
nnl0IJn17X'iTY', ,XiTy'i :111ilj71J 'lVlJ my ,'YDvn lYDVlnv O'JnJ 7V ;r:>lJj7J iJl'lJ;r

C'1';J'jOj 0:' ','Xtv ,jj,N' o':m~ 206 .;"1m n';'11jj
ili'.,t?o'~rn Im~ m"~OJ~:l";'i1
,mp~'" 7V n'O~t10px,,-n't10'1J" 1i,;r nx nVYIJ7 ":l7n o'OiU ,'n C','1J7n ~ln 7V l1J1'P

'9

Wn'1';"i'f)'

X1m ,'lVO'V'ii .imon l'nt 0;0'1'7;1 V11Di[m7::.m"'] 1J1V 1'1::1)1 7-; 1i1N lj"";iO ,:1'7YTl' ';"\ 'J i1;;KIV mY :7~·tl'
O'::lii::l Tl::l7 O'itT?;),1 ')1 (111NJ
.1:.J1' in;;

,.i,'

f':ltl

199

Kl:'1 1'1:1 V1,P;iV itl'l:l ...iii1/\ O~Wbi ;'1TlOliO P1;J,1J1 'i'~O,j

nil1;itJ ,oVi1'1::1i;l7 1":.JOO;; i{m?ln;,,\i1] TIl' Q,,"'I;;i1 l ' iV' 0;") 0';)710 ex 1"'71\ mJ"',mJ"l

J"lVJimi Vln lmTl''V 1Y O;j::1 1"Tl0;'171 ,C'J1Vn mOip1:l::l 1'1::ln,7 C'"",) o'o7om,i O''V'1,171' ;''V07
K711::1 np0;J'J1iJ V:.JJ;'1 X;jJ1~' ptn 'O·J:.J l1X

T,r mlJ1

.'1N::! 1,':n~ rn::J;'17 '''100;'1W X71 V:.JJ;"J

200

'v7no

/\1;'1 O'JvnOJ 311111::1m;"J ,"10'7:J .rn 1::11':J 11;)1N im 7"::n ,'on;"! O;';i:J/\ 'I' ,j"l'J1:P1i:1 ;'107;";'111::l·l\::lJ1
.,i:.Ji' 'oy ,ot' .' ..."1' ;j).J pil O':JVIi 1,fj iV/\ ,11::1:"

7'1':1 ;n:l\:.' 'j1 K'P OJJ

",II ( '

,:l'V') :l1J1J;j -trt

,.7;10

ljWl rlii"n n,JJii:! 1111;1) ')1\ ... n'n,,.,uJ linTl7m ...71'7; 3/DV' 1111\1 ,::11tJ ",J - j'1P::1 ,iTtle" :j1i:lJ,ri'

':J' :pi ;(363 'i;;lY ,[90 iii)1j1

/i"'Y7J

201

J'lpy J=JX 1")01' 'i) ' ... ·JiV'i'V m:x.z.';'j::11 'J'~';jlV' Tm"K nln1JJ

.(437 '0;1 ,CiO) 'ii7YTl' OV71 nnlXj1 l1N l\1711 07Vii 1,N:ii'J IbN ClJ'N l'm11K:i'J1l\J 1VN: 71:'1\71 0'::1\:7"1
.(423 i~;;)
O'O::1'j1 - ;'I7Ji'

t

I •••

0il'';Y l'PWil7 '7

1m\? milam " l'l\;-;~' mO::lI1;") 7Y ii7;;n' ov, i1ili'J "JN1'

,"'1\ 7~1\ .n 71'''107 31101"1"11.1 1''''Y)7l\'1iY 'i7 cnre ,'O'J1C'l\17"1 0"7Jli'i'J'? ;r,Jll::l7i I;lV'

202

203

.354 'oy ,Tml"'''J ;,'?JP;j ,017V 7~N o~m ,(211 fjlYj1 ,104 'oy ,0"Zl1n

.248-247 'i.ly ,068 ,,1Y;'1

,,'y'! j1Jli.lm 1:.JO

' 0 "':11';'1

,01'\7 ,~X D!.l1J

204

.18 'u:J ,;jn'~71:J C"i'1D 205
.1:.JU711::1'n7::l ,lp1"llJ:J11J11;'7 ii:J'1S C"'::,y ml'pOlJ ;'1''O'i! i1::'l\tI';") n71\'O 206

,

632

68J
0'1.,,.:1"11;"V
lOS

/n,1;'

op"m

r;; 110'

.'lil1'\'t1'1:i t:l~';)jf
207

/rnJ:lip:'1 "1"\0'

m'Ti;'j 1li1 O'ij;J'Dl
:o':rniti 1X::;?

'Xi::iJii i.?::2';'1;i

mvn:111ri tFbyn

.jiN,:"! 01i). ?1V iit:l?:l;':l1'l'lD~1'1~

177i1

,y 'ij~ij' i1:tMi1 0:, O'llbiJ T:m.:l::n 210 ,'tp.:mVXi;' O,'?:Jli'tl' iiJil~;"'I ,yv' a» ,'WilPi111"'l"M'
i.?itJ";~~ i~njb O'l1lV? ,)Ii" ,tt~ ~,,, IT\1N

' 1' ::1 O"?l:;

0), tl?i:l b"i~trJ'i'li; tJii p-lt):J ;;";111\ it\
jj'l'l?y

,it)
r:1

tl"':Jij ii7l't tl'lil:l'ln 211.'iii111:"'l 1"'~·ij'lJn

mi rmro 1'l1p::n;,

i:ii:l fr'JYil '10' 1:nYf.jii

0Ibll'l"j:! 'l:i'~Ci 0'1;Ji11 'liti'1JK7i O''1;;ii j':.:l jtiii1:i ;J;JUJl:i

,;V O'lJii!i CriWj.m:l

lm?:J ii1i1Ji i'1ij'l' 1'111-1;"; ,),Wi ,;"b"':.iil ,rn:r:lip .rrrrrn
iii:: a1iin r:rX'OiJ C'til:nlii pj p:'n 'l~ ,r'l':l' 'll~i 'n T\ijtliii1:J, . '),/'11:,\'11'1;) earm 'lDNi.?0Pi'\ii

tl::l;"l;'i

ili1:",V tl:i:l ti'l

11;';:; ,.tPil;'i"i11i'l!ii:lii ;'i::PTl:J:'1 tn. "'fiX!:) T'1'::l1Pi'.J ;,rl'l7"!V ,T1'l:J.i')ll ;-r:l'lI'\:J;'i'it,)' iip~'OnOl{ii'V
n.n:)fj-~pl0b '''7'%' 2lJ;ywyrltZ'm ~.i""p OJ:':",' ,'~J.:l ;'i1iY1'

17

lJl,'mmJ

ilQrJt\' :O~'lt:".:J.ii

,nrm71-'nJ1U1
o"mli'S1 o~mliV '~:= fmi'n.:J.l~ n1'E:>Y::i Ji1yntt7:i i:r:; mi::i'J 1i'tltl~b ;''t'J'Ji::i?V;''IT 1::l1i::l

~:l tl'\ti),'i,~ttl ,n~O'O:l I1'JiD?5Jlt\'J 1'\'J::l11 IX::: i1:J.7iit7 Itl'1Pb

?::m

;1Ji1"i11:l1'lii'1 ';'ii:;)T;-J'

",ru-')O pn::r' 'i 7!l'\ i:J;:j '1'l'lin-'l11i Ibll\.:J. ii~tVl'ID l:m~~ iT 1'l~J:.:m .~i)i rrn 'on' i1t1?.:J.ii:l
1r'0.1 ,ttiJ m~ - iiml{

m'i'lttJ

,1'l':;I!;'i

1'"

O".J"~:i1~ii iiiW:J:1 'Jmt\, ii::JitJ3'.:it:~ 'Jro, 11):'

,;17X: mO'DI1: ;rlU O,1J: m,;17tV1 '7:: ~1J;1 7tV ,m'lj;1 01i'lj;17tVJ ox tVOl;1

l11'll1n111n

11""

:Ii tnpb "'X C""i'7.:l n lJ ,,;"1 ;"Il'tbii

mm X1;11

'tv

;"~Jtv;'i n'3'm~J

;j,:lP:1 ?it 111o'~m 'Y' libtib::l

,11'X1.10"0;1 ;10'0117 ;1"Ji'1.1 ,1I1l/" ,11 ;10'011 ,m'll11"17 '7:: n1'mX;1I1O'DnJ

,Jl/ 01:1 ,m"OI1;1 m:x ':11:

1111

7X i'''1.1, ,1:1 1l/1:l'UJ 1'U1XtV "JX1~ 7,11.1' ;1:
214.11W rl't?o'i'J ii':;tN:bilE)OJlt:-

OJ, 7tV 1Ul'i' 7)1,,'x 71:1 1"J'7l/ ~Oll: l/'J:l;171:1' ,'ll'i'l/;1 11',;171:1 ;11j,J ,'11:')11;7

nllJ1D? m.~X,i 111

,y

i11\':1 ,:'Fy1lll

Pl\ ':f1'{ C'T1Cli:l;-;

; 198 1i1!:lOP1N '''J ; 211 ll\p'tl\1 '''J ,mJ:l1i'ii "0

207

,(47 ii"'\Y0,7'Y71 XiP" mt]jD7 O".l'Y 1ii'l\l.j ,1JY ll.jl pnr '1 ;08 ,ny:i ,"ry'7 ;'iNl) Kip'1

.196-194 't~;; ,(22 Jiiyii ,"Y') 7~P 'bY "i'77;:C1 j":'Pii nJJfi:1110'

?'"\D ,O,"V ,:riot 11l\':J.iil ';JCyt;'i i1N1

208

/?V"P:i I\i"N: '0 liN: ]"::m1,i 1:rn ON:;11 ,tl1'lll '). ;1?tlH,Jlll 'l.jy ,:1 ,r'Y1117lll Tli11;'ib) 1"Jijli1 ':111:l :;'11\1 209
.(5 ii"1Vi1

,"Y'?j i17:JPi1 ni'i!:lCJ

O'1pnw ,J"tlu. 'N: ; 186~ 179 '1jY ,(ii"llll1) X:J ! j!:lC l1"p

.357-'354 'bY ,71J1,'),:l. 7',7:1p;', ,(ll)) iii;,;

,,-y',)m7V '~l\ li"i7'i', rcpon Tun

210

/'P,ri O''Ol'1''l1Wi'i 0'111" "7:11''1:111 fll'1' I!JO'7 t:1iJ'ij1'7V 'JibN:fl1W1,'!:l' ,Cl'1"V '::' 7!l\ 11'1;11t!optJT! TiN" 211
n'Ji/ii rrrccc 0'11'117:: ,:I""";:, .ecn-ron ''0'1 ,Olll ,i":li'.ni oro ;419-385 il;~Y ,(i'''1n) i ,1!:lC ;np
~i'\)W -11:1"n' l':"';'1.,.\ri!llWl~':li:l ''7'} 1b'/{r.Y r:11"J;I7:i-nlJl m'rJpb:i ~(i;'y .131~ 128 '?;ly ,(5 T11!7,\ ,'7'317\

.1'i Ii::lm U'l{ )"1)7 1J!'1ij imN:7 OOW'

/1'13:

.::,7V 'ny ,Vlp;'1 rn).N'

2t2

.!;101'1,lion 'b';) ,::1 ,(7;J1WW Tn'l1T11;)) 1"Jbl 'Jl"1J ,ii,m:'") J11'J::'JD7y iiJN:!:l

213

.;-r?:.pf'l 7lll mo'nr, /iTX

214

CldlC4'0 N4~ C0140 /(4"~ 4Ltdlll C~4~LLr lN~ 411C4,1l ~LtdLLl "l ~Ol~ ~CCLN,.~ClLlG/(4'

lCllL.~l.!l

a..;

'it:J WUt:t'dl ~t!OGL~L! /L.!Q'ClL.W/ Cl~QCJ.L }u:.;
¢.(OGL",Ul a.~t:l4CllU: cut wI a1';L.'~/ an:ti: tll:i4L'

L:clC'iLU' t",L !.!J.!QLtJ..! IL!GUtuL.!i

L!",XLL ~~.;~u.!

'Cl.mu

~WIlILC,O ai4 ~ILO ~dc4'

~LO tl:UCC",LU

1

irul

alu - QUUlC J..:QQGL. ~L QUUlOL:.NlL! - L.:L!.!l NUl. l.2C't.'<G",,,,t',,Cl
t.I UQlrLLt Ql.W",'CLLI ' f.l\d...ur l,Gl!lUH!, ).fU.LU 1.:X41.!LU l~"dlQ 4cJ

U'Ct\lL! L.!LlaLLI ' rQ'CLLLLI, LQL.L..
t':.l!!..i::"al

c. .:1'.~'p::"a

C~CUClLl "Ol,CllLl 4~lLL L'll ClQL~ NUL' M,l, 4~,lll "~O'4 CL,Ll NUL' 4/(c"m ua,LC 4ULLL
C4':',

xU'

L.,NOllt'.. L!Q,:kt:.;"o Clla OJ,C"t'J..:

xun Md~LOLG .._L!d~LLl:"'JJ

XL';O C:",t'L", Hot' WQQ",,,,...t

ClAC a:c,Lll4CeLliL ~doCl"Cl,' C~lL~ ~d,c~ CLGLO CllCC~ lCU4d C4Ll,.CGLL, Cl(leL' Cllll~ N,l4
ur.ur /(Illl' ic, c,lll4Cl~lN C/(l4"0

a: LNailC, ~CldlC4'0 Cl~C CClN,.ClLlG/(4'

4a,l[ NUL'

OLNai /(CLL~ u ~~/(Ll: C, 4/(C,lLl L/(Ll: CldLC4'0' CC4 WILCl,O Nl WNOCl4LIl' aiNGL 4Wll.,lll
W WLlClLC~ LW~UG/(4LLl (",LllO lNdoClNW)

Ol~ LCL

loll l.:.'1l\..NL! GUNLC1",,,O'
QL!Gf.4· L.GLQ"C! N4Lt wud",,,m CALL.I.! QkCt",U LQGlL!UU' L4N tl!L!LL

L.a CU'(lCI.! LtI",L! 4ual~

N~4 LNailC, ~"dLC4'0' c/(4' dC411 WOG,L1Ll' clld""w NGlN Ull,~ LU,U "L~O CClN,.
ULL~l! !.!l.!L!'C4U.I·

Nfo1l4tit"LLI l..li:u" ",0. C1.!ct C~QLlt 1.!L!~C'l.! G'C",Q",l!

1:..t NlG4 L!!.:t,..Ll.:l.!ctL! tWL:COlLL! 41:..1~LG",

r.l ~""C1LN~" L~LL~h'!'t", al.~LN NUL. ~~r:::L.4"Q ~UalLt"a L.:Q~""t'"Q Cld;;'LQ"O Q"OQ""O
4Lcll..L 014 ~~L.O CC4"~ N...1 cxl CL:CLU ~r:L.4 t"l ~QN"" 41.:41 L.:Q"OQ,,· L:"..U.' . Q1..r.. .QlL! »1..[
Nt...l ti:L!../ c.. 4LaL!.. L.:Q.QlCL! WLllJl:"LU 4~RU wcuu:~ CC4" Q,!l::"4~ ~L:Qt1.c.:u: L.LU L:dL~

l.!l.!t:L4

NO ~o d~L,O' ai!Cl 4LlCll~W LL.lO~ ClN1L CQL 4W1l4 ,N~Lt! ~dLLai:
~N~lLLl ai4 I., /(LLN' Nl40 !1.0Nlll IlIlClU 1il4l QLG,~lLl COLL~ ai4 U,ClL,O UIlILC,O NUL,a'

ai4 "dLC4' ~,LLC~ .\lLCl Cl 4~'4~ 'ldQ'l !~' IilWlN ~Ll4 lCL1L' CC44 cd G/(O NUU CG,Llai

4~U~ 4LU LLU WdLIlI CUI.ClIilW,N ~rtcC,~~ NU LClLl' LlG,OlU M,[ N4L ",l~nLl c'ldoa "LCI,

t:!"dJ..: 4UG"Olt! t'CL}Mt! nl,L!"l Q....QUI CUL1:"O Y::lG..r.QI o.LLCCI ~q"oCJ."u nLl:L.J.! 4Wlt"4 xu J..::?U.Cl
L:t't:l~ ..• ~r..41..Nl.'l.lt'" ~Qcllt:4"a C(Ui...:'l:J.: UG..ot! l..it:li_'~t'r:U~"J t:ti.. dt. tL."m.. !.:C'J"Q'

c.I J.:dJ'l

ULl4,L ~~CIlIL~ ~mc/( /(4·,l, ~IilN,GLI 4~U~4lU I.lU wdl.lil CULL WNI.O Wc;Lc'4~ 4Lcl.1.
4A..LL!' ll::QQ'.:LLI IL rLrGQt, 'Co L;~LUdLt CC4" 4LW' CLJL'CdJ .tlGHQ fiQU UG..QlU N4L C..OU..

Qr,.C~lL lN~4 Ll4",I.,l' ~"LLCL CNCai,O IlIAQdL' c,l LI,UL' c~,ll ",QCl, alCOO 6~ 4,C4lL OGl

~J Ul~ CL:ClW

"4'CL4 144 1..1:0 QN'C.:

L'CO

u,! C',(lGh"i' eCL CL:-ll.'l."L[ uJc41..!

CUl'Cl

a,.; L. "s:ud
i

Cllllf.L 1il4 WllGUUlU L~lGL.I- "l LlLW ~CCLN, wCldlN, l/(l 40GLlLl ~NGld4,GQ,U~ 04lClL'

L.I"r." Nll ~NLO CC4' LNt! ~N4L.1lU
69]

CLlU' ua lL.l mG,~ CCl CI.Na"ll wdc4~ LXGa,L. 41.NlU
,~UUI.D

CLi::lL,

££9

634

70J

i"'7.l;' In 01111 "~101N'n' "ml~;' D)';'))'X :n1inX 0'77.l) .;'1il;';' '10 nx CD iX)7:l;, 0710
;'7x 0'7)lPl~ 7l/ i)'71n'll ,"i1ll7~ 7)1p7.l71l1 n'DO'7.l;' lX rrrrm In'11n '~lX nx ;")1 ;"l7.l
jUiX n1i13 - ;'D'1lI 71111 ,mll7.ln1 0'i1!l'0 - Oln'7.l 7111 J17'1lI X';' Omln1ll 0'7J1p7.lJ OJ

l1?;JY;', iYV C;' 1 'lb::t;J 'lib'ii1 i~ fil~:{;J ;,:nbn;, .rn'n~ iN TIi'l""i:J m'li!jO~ 1i"l':r:11i "In-,}'
1'11'Iitl'V;'iW :1iiI:J 0'n;'7 ,'11\,:, 1l\ O'7.:l::i n1il'N:il 'iiJ'i : 1"i7,;nm~;"l~n'm':1

,il::n:mb:l ;""'Y:1

':J7W7

1iYim mil:;';' tVbttn.:l ,n1i'nC:i

?tv

ii"i,nli

':J,ttf:l

r,'JJ1'Ii't tl'l';'ii ,:1:1 :1p'l"i:i

i'1~l OX .';'ll7.ln') 771J 1lI17.l'1lI1ln X7X ,;'1 Pl7.lJ n1i'~O;' niln7 111PP'I;' 7J X7711'n,71

7Jll'i;' ,(O'iJ' 'i1'3J m;'7x;, n111X O'i~07.l;') o"n'7.l tJ'7J1P7.lJ0, 1l'7)lp7.l;' 'l1tt1Xi nx
l11l/~7:l~J i1llX7.l )1D l11n~ X7 ,"D~i:J0pX;,-'n'7";" 1XJ 1111X ;'Dl1ll 0,';' m17:m7,) 0,xn7

•"""wn-';:'1011\'11' :1.J1:;)7.:l;'l 0.:\1;'
:'ii''l~'l inO':l i::l:;) i"ii'i;;C O'b7 niy:-llii 1m':, 1i1:Jittmii mj'i~nil Jinx

1;'J1 l;,n 1;') )1111 ppn - n1i7.l O'7.l
D'D1

1lI~i

;,ml/ l'7.lJ 1i'pn
;'7.lm )'~J p3n
215;')'I177:l]'7.lJ pJO

N37:l X7 - 1111X "7.llm7 l/)ll O'7.l]"7.l1ll' OX nl/17 1"1 7)) n',1lI;'
17'X;' o"pm7 7J1'1lI '1J

]';7'" X'11X1 0'7.l11!lnX :i7.lX

216o"n O'b ;1::m i"Y'b N:'Ili"ii '~m
;'''7l/;' 0710 'J'i'7.lJ 0;') ttll7.l'1lI pl ;"11;';'

n7'nn

l11'lX ;'7X 11'3 '1lI'7:l

P

;'i'1lIp;'

11 ;'1'1lIp - 1J il)1;' nl/')"71 P)1;' 7)lP'~;' lln 'Ix 0";'7N;' 0'7.l;, n7:l'117 910)7 7'Jl7.l;'
l')1111i'~07 n'nD'1lI111lDi~ 71l117.l7.l0;' ;"7x ;'117n7:l ox p

,;'7)P" 7111 i~';';' 'lln7.l x';'

7J n1i1110 P'X1lI l11l11l1 l11'i1ll~X 111'717'7:l nrrnn

l"Xl ;,mln 9U 1;'1 .x7 OX

P 'i;' -

i)'71n'" ,U";'1 .;,7x 0'7)lp7.l71l1 'm-'n'11n;, 0,1;' nl);' nx 11117.lllJ nl0~nl
'l,5j' ,::;,

1;' ]'X '1l/

;'lj,"N:'n~'ln'lb11'\ ;'ON:bOPN:~'l!:'J101N"n i't'N'tl0PN:-'11'7,) ;'J"t{'n-'::n01N"11 0"";1

'Jl ,1117l/~ml ;'Xl)l 7111 ;"~lm ;'7.l"Pnl 11 ;'7)P) 0, 'J ,i)1;' pl7.l '1l/ 7J

,1m;, ]'ll/;'

;'7:l"pm px ox ;'7X1lI) N71 ,11 ;"~ln 11m 0'l11l1;' 0'7.l~1;' n7N1lI) Xl;' )1'17 111n~;, 01P7.l;'
.inx '7)P Oil) 'DNDOpX on7 ;,nXll1l1;' lln7:l ;'7.l1'p01l/ n7'71l1J X7 'X'll)l ,;'l/~ln;'

.' ;'J)V'b1 i',n ,:1"1' 100 215
.i11/j'O ,(n'l'7;;1/J .11'111,j/;)) "!iJ,11DO 216

[71

"lJ'7J O'nnM'

635

I:'N: 1N O'I:l: n110

n1~0

.a

1nl': 0"N~P0 0"11:l"0 'I1N X101 0P'01~01 71P0 npn0 "'70n7 1l:'pl- Im;l - 1'11N0
;in~3" i!:)O:llJ ;V1pif rm ?X'i'1 ,O';-}7" n117

01:l'7: m1'~0 '1:')/
0"11 0'07N 011 nON

0'~71l/;I '11 71:' 1~1:' 1'1:1:l11'"
2l71:"P0 011 1011 ,1:" 0111 71P
,'J"~0 ,1m': ,'1:"0 lmN:

,p'n)/0 1m: '1l/11Nm I:"P0 111, n11:'0 71:' 0'l11:'

nW:l'pil 'Jn1X:1 ii~1'Pil ',0;' n11I1:l1

.nn

nO'):J:::i ,m' TIC":!"

Il'l~lN

,'N'7-'p;"J ,Y"'1J7ji1

1l'~7 .I:'N0nl:'l11n 1" IN 0'~0

nl:'l11n 1" n)/:l~ 01,;1 n'll11 ;I:'N;I IN 0'~0 :0'~'7vr.,"
;1)/'1;1 1:V n't:1NOOpN m7m;l 7V on ;I'" O"p 0'7Jlp1:l0 'l1VN' 7~N ,~ 0'l1'I1N;I O"~'~
1'~1' mp'n)/ mo'~n7 rn 0), 0111:'07 'V~N .O'~;I n)/':l nl:'Tnn m)/~I:lN: I:"P0 01, n'1Tn

0'~0 n)/':l 71:' 0'om'~7 -

1n'0 P - lnp'J71 ~~"P0 n"10';1 ,,00 mm: m)/'~17.l0
0"'1:'J' O",:'I1:V nl'~l~ m't:10'1:l mo'nn7 C) 17':p:'J7 'V~N1 'V'P~01~ O'~':'J n"I1N:
rrm

1" 71:' m"I:lJ -

r:1'1:l' m7)m:'J nl:l'1J7 :'Jl,;I:'J :'J,I:l)/ O:'JJV O",J'11 ,0~1pm 'lJ

.1~)I:'J '1p'l.m)l~7.lNJ1~~)I nN 0'N0 717'V

O'7.lV .I:'N O'~ "1N .071)/J V"7.lN n1~N
218 .'O'7.l;l

In'l

219

n'7,n N':'J 011~7V:'J1 ,0~71:' n'I1t:10N 11"017.l
1V17V' :;",~, 1no: )I'1'~;' l"P')I;I N';I 111,;1

P1VN;I P )I'l'7.l "1N01 O'~~ I1N'Jl r'N01 VN~ :'J71111 1N1Jl

.(11N:'J 1")l7.l1 1'7'7;, 0'J't:111:l;' )1J'~ 7)1 )I'J~;'7 111'l :'J1:l11P:'J ,10;1 mmJ 1D

.'I1N 1N rn ,,~ J'JO 0"J17~;I rrrrt :'J'TTn 71:' O'l"~N~ 7)/lN '10'J ,10' m7.l;' 7)1 )/'J~;'7
,1IIN:'J .'lJ,71 ;')I'~V7 Jl,-'n-7)/0"lIVP - ;')I'Jll :'JJ'NtO - 0'7.l;, :0'7Jlp~;, 'lWN' 7~N

7V ,nl' o'~"P O'7.l),J 071N .;'''N,7

Jl'-'~-7)/0"1VP - ;I")lJ1 ;'11',1 ,';'lJ - ,IN;I

:'J'lI:'P' I:'N;' n~1)/7 :'J"N'J O'l1l:'p' 0'7.l;' :O'''~;' 0'l11'~ 0) 0't:171J 11"10':'J,10;' rrnn
.:'J)I'7.l1:'7

rJ ;'tJo"~, 'n'i'j;"1 1'J ,TlUt1JN :r~;-r, TTl') ,tJN'ii 1X O'~;j nlY:t~t\:1 min i'X'Tl7 Y;l.1.1J
,1n"

'Y1 ,t11m7 ,m' "r'D'~ii ,inN' lW:J 7)1 '1Y "'N' ;.i":lIil7 11".:1 ."l\l'O'1'iJO' '.1N'b\7ii

:'J'P7.l 7': 071N 12l'.01'p '11'7.ljl1" 117.l1)17 'l1t:1'~'N'll11"J ]1,7 1N ,';1I7.l7 ,01' 'l"~lN;'
.0 Ti:niIJ N jT1!) /11'1'" 100

217

.), ;'i:r:,n~;, pj!J ,T11'r 1!:lO :T!l{i
J1l;w'nn ":IN ,,'/\ r;lt:lC'),lrb m;;nViJ?

219

7lV 'Oli7Pii l1!:lO 1,,~h nlJ.'J '11\:1 "71JOJ 11'1'1:1 j'liJ 111'::1

220

.(e1.!)1:1) T"tl7 c"l.nJZ,'" iJ.'J - c~V'jJ;"Il:l1i':J T111mT1' ~")J.'Jl\J.'JJ
Erwin R. Goodenough. By Ugtn :i1K1} ~'".nu

J1"i 111'17 'no:::;'J 1\7 .(Light The Mvstic GOVJe! (1Hellenistic Judaism, Amsterdam 1969
1,N ""'N"li l1i1;l':i i",'IJU iiTJ;"lT nmm 'Jl!JIl\jl m: ""11\117 ,0'J1I:; O'ln!\~ ti1J::;'JI7'Ji''l.JJ ,;'OJ1:l 'J)\ lJ:J
iiTV 1'1':111\:l 11

111::;i'jl ni'~ m7)'1'1iitl?V 'O'OJ;'1'tlJ"ljl ilJ:J.tl:i031- il'i?U 7'V mty Jil'n"!;) T!iJinllJ 1"..In:J 1;)':)1:1'0 .11::11

mmm O'1::1'/'< nyuli

enJ'

:t1pUi i1YUli

218

72]
1:J:lr.'; ~.:J /11::1"t,

::nt:;;

rm T1i\ min? :ri\Zt::?

07iJ1Z7 CtJDl0:::2 1i 1I1:10;·j::: 1Ji'D)?
:i\i ]I<{7 l,rtlY

t:

"Jlt:i":fl "J:T;:J:1

I:ll'V",:l n~,~nl}{ rpntn O~-I'li:J

17 ltlip'

rno~ .n~ 1~

err,:;::: r:n:n.-:;
00::JIP71
rrro 11P,"1