This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Anyone interested in gardening has one question in mind when choosing a new plant: Will it thrive in my garden? Many factors come into play to determine whether or not a plant will perform well for you. Each kind of plant has its own needs and requirements. Some plants, like the dandelion, are tolerant of a wide variety of conditions, while others, such as the pink ladyslipper orchid, have very exacting requirements. Before you spend the time, effort, and money attempting to grow a new plant in your garden, it is best to do some research to learn something about the conditions that the plant needs to grow properly. Here is a brief description of some of the environmental parameters that influence plant growth: Daylength Daylength is usually the most critical factor in regulating vegetative growth, flower initiation and development, and the induction of dormancy. Plants utilize daylength as a cue to promote their growth in spring and prepare them for the cold weather. Many plants require specific daylength conditions to initiate flowers. Light Light is the energy source for plants. Cloudy, rainy days or the shade cast by nearby plants and structures can significantly reduce the amount of light available. Shade adapted plants cannot tolerate the bright light of full sun. Plants survive only where the amount is within a range they can tolerate. Temperature Plants grow best within an optimum range of temperatures; and the range may be wide for some species, narrow for others. Plants survive only where temperatures allow them to carry on life-sustaining chemical reactions. Cold Plants differ in their ability to survive cold temperatures. Some tropical plants are injured by temperatures below 60°F. Arctic species can tolerate temperatures well below zero. The ability of a plant to withstand cold is a function of the degree of dormancy present in the plant, its water status, and general health. Exposure to wind and bright sunlight or rapidly changing temperatures can also compromise a plant's cold tolerance. Heat Heat tolerance varies widely from species to species. Many plants that naturally grow in arid tropical regions are naturally very heat tolerant, while subarctic plants and alpine plants show very little tolerance for heat. High night temperatures are often the most limiting factor for many plants. Water Different plants have different water needs. Some tolerate drought during the summer but need winter rains. Others need a consistent supply of moisture to grow well. Careful attention to the need for supplemental water can help you select plants that need a minimum of irrigation to perform well in your garden. If you have poorly drained, chronically wet soil, you can select lovely garden plants that naturally grow in bogs, fens, and other wet places. pH The ability of plant roots to take up certain nutrients depends on the pH, which is a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of your soil. Most plants grow best in soils that have a pH near 7.0. Most ericaceous plants such as azaleas and blueberries need acid soils with pH below 6.0 to grow well. Lime can be used to raise pH and materials containing sulfates such as aluminum sulfate and iron sulfate can be used to lower pH. The solubility of many trace elements is controlled by pH, and only the soluble forms of these important
which play an instrumental role in enhancing the plant growth. plants also need certain optimum conditions that promote their growth. there exist Carbon dioxide injectors that promote enhanced plant growth. windy and dry days while transpiration slows down during cool and humid days. Here are the important environmental plant growth factors: Light: Adequate light is perhaps one of the most important factors influencing plant growth and it is he quantity. during extreme weather conditions and lack of sunlight artificial light is the best option. Although the values differ for various plants usually cool season plants have 55-65 degrees Fahrenheit as the optimum temperature for germination whereas warm-season plants germinate at 65-75 degrees Fahrenheit. Carbon dioxide and Oxygen The manufacturing of sugar by plants requires the presence of carbon dioxide and hence it is one of the vital elements for plant growth. and flowering. Blue light is essential for the growth of the leaves whereas a combination of red and blue light promotes flowering of plants. There are six elements in the soil that are termed as macronutrients these are nitrogen. The artificial light sources can be manipulated to adjust the intensity of the light as well. quality and duration of light exposure is what matters. transpiration and transportation of minerals and other nutrients through the plant. In case the natural carbon dioxide available in the air is not enough. zinc. magnesium. potassium. even if they contain abundant iron. Water: A majority of growing plants contains as much as 90 percent water. and chlorine. Various light sources can be used to provide light to the plants and the sources of light can be classified as natural and artificial sources. Water plays a crucial role for efficient photosynthesis. Environmental Plant Growth Factors In addition to the nutritional factors there are various environmental factors. manganese. The eight micronutrients include iron. . phosphorus. The natural source of light is the sun whereas the artificial sources include various types of lighting equipment. Micronutrients: The nutrients that are required in smaller quantities by the plants are called as the micronutrients.micronutrients can be used by plants. It is a known fact that plants can use as much as 1500 parts per million of carbon dioxide. Temperature of the surrounding atmosphere as well as the temperature of the soil matters for the plant growth. copper. cobalt. The relative humidity in the air is used by the plants and is crucial for the transpiration of the plants. The temperature ranges for optimum photosynthesis and respiration vary with the species of plants and their individual requirements. and sulfur. which are termed as the micronutrients. Water is one of the most essential factors required in growth of plants. respiration. There exist eight elements. Relative Humidity: Moisture is a very important factor in growth of plants and is defined as the ratio of water vapor in the air to the amount of water in the air. The basic nutrients required for plant growth are divided into two main categories namely micronutrients and macronutrients. Iron is not very soluble at high pH and iron chlorosis is often present in high-pH soils. Water is responsible for functioning of the stomatal opening of leaves and also the source of pressure for the directed growth of roots through the soil. molybdenum. germination. which require less light for the growth. Oxygen is essential for plant respiration and utilization of photosynthesis byproducts. Optimum temperature is one of the prerequisites for many of the plant processes. calcium. like photosynthesis. environmental and various other optimum conditions for general wellbeing and growth. Just like the human body requires optimum nutritional. Temperature: Temperature is a crucial element that influences the growth of plants. Here is the information about the important nutritional plant growth factors: Macronutrients: The nutrients that are required by plants in larger quantities are termed as the macronutrients. in such cases the light can be filtered using protective shelters for the plants to allow minimum required amount of sunlight exposure. which need to be considered for better growth of plants. While it is always good to rely on the natural source of light. Also there are certain plants. Transpiration is at its peak cutting hot. Here we will discuss all the environmental as well as nutritional factors that affect the plant growth: Nutritional Plant Growth Factors There are several aspects of plant nutrition. boron. respiration.
The size affects the rate of drainage as well as aeration or oxygen content at the root zone Water . the likely growth limiting factor will be carbon dioxide. light may be limiting factor.6. like the Chrysanthemums. growth medium. This is not something that should consume one's time as the pH level of the hydroponic solution will change from night to day and even hour to hour. which measures the alkalinity or acidity of the soil and presence of certain chemicals. Light In the summer when the sun is the brightest and plants reside outside or in a greenhouse. Typically. is also instrumental in the growth of plants. There are various physical factors that affect the growth rate of plants. carbon dioxide and humidity.The acid/alkaline levels in soil. The most advantageous growth temperature for many species will increase if sufficient carbon dioxide is available.Will effect all other factors and all other factors can effect water. color and photoperiod or length of day. with all other factors being available in adequate measure the best carbon dioxide level may be between 2500 PPM and 4000 PPM. Atmosphere Carbon dioxide and humidity are the two most influential sub-factors in the atmosphere category. One may want to employ a light meter and consult a horticulture book to measure and learn the minimum footcandles for the species in the crop. nutrient solution etc.Found in the soil or hydroponic solution. some plants do require partial shade to grow best. what are the optimal conditions for growing plants? pH For most plant life. The blue and red portions of the light spectrum are most efficient in producing plant growth. the air will hold twice the moisture. 4. These seven factors are listed below: 1. the chain of growth is only as strong as the weakest link. Soil or Hydroponic Growing Media Particle Size . Light . Some plants also have precise photoperiod needs. pH Level . humidity is not likely to be a limiting factor. Relative humidity from 40 to 60% is beneficial for most plants. Also.Both of the air and the root zone. . Atmosphere . 6.Some sub-factors are oxygen. The red spectrum may also stimulate the flowering response in various plants. The right pH balance. In regards to hydroponic systems where light may not be as as strong. 2. light and nutrients. 5. PLEASE NOTE: Carbon dioxide levels over 2500 PPM are toxic to humans.Intensity.8 and 6. the variation between the high and low temperature plays a part in growth or lack thereof.8. Minimally stated it is "the rate of any growth process controlled by 2 or more factors is limited by the factor in least supply". For every 10 degrees Fahrenheit rise in temperature. the most favorable pH value is between 6 . all plants share one universal growth limiting factor. As long as the pH level maintained in the system is between 5. For plants that have enough warmth. Limiting Factors Factors Limiting Growth in Plants Every plant species has particular conditions where they will flourish. however.8 it will not limit the growth of the most plants. This is caused by plants taking in the nutrients and then emitting carbon dioxide at night. If the air increases in humidity. then increased ventilation must be provided. Temperature . The type of soil and the quality and the nutrients required in it vary according to the plant species. sunlight is generally not a limiting factor. 7.Soil: Soil with proper humidity. and the right balance of all the minerals and nutrients is one of the essential factors instrumental in plant growth. Though. In layman's terms. However. With that said. Outside air contains about 300 PPM of Carbon dioxide. Basic Factors Affecting Plant Growth There are seven (7) fundamental factors that have the potential to limit or assist in the growth of a plant. Nutrients or Soluble Minerals . 3. to stimulate flowering.
. 9. 3. The most favorable air temperature for most plant species is between 65-85 degrees Fahrenheit. A note of caution: use a lower solution strength in very hot climates. The optimum dissolved oxygen content of the nutrient solutions 6 PPM at 70 .75 degrees Fahrenheit. For most plants. Rock wool has 0. Nutrients are only absorbed if oxygen is readily available at the root zone. It is important to note that some of the Micro elements are toxic to the plant at levels as low as 0. also dubbed "plant food". If the air temperature is in excess of the range. 7. The capillary action of the media also affects the optimum size. Nutrient Nutrients. Through the products provided by High Nutrients. you may be able to elude many of the factors that will limit the growth of a given crop. 3. This is realized by continual aeration of the solution. For example. Below 60 degrees Fahrenheit plant growth will be stunted considerably. 2. 6. 5. to prevent interactions with the nutrient solution. a solution strength of 1000 PPM to 2000 PPM facilitates growth best. Other elements needed are called Micro elements.01 PPM. Boron Manganese Copper Zinc Molybdenum Chlorine Sodium Cobalt Silicon. The total strength of the solution usually ranges from 500 to 3500 PPM. 8. 5. This works extremely well as it is porous and allows for drainage and aeration. Needed nutrients fall into two categories: Macro and Micro elements. 6. are soluble minerals that. 4. This allows maximum nutrient and water intake. 2. allow the plant to feed. The growing media should also be inert.Temperature As mentioned previously there are two temperature zones that one must be aware of in a hydroponic system: Air and Root. There is a wide variation here as it widely depends on the plant species and temperature. it places stress on the water and nutrient uptake system of the plant. Macro elements are vital to plant health. The optimum is about 70 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. these include: 1.005 mm fibers with 96% pore space. Nitrogen Phosphorus Potassium Calcium Magnesium Sulfur. 4. Media Size The best media particle size is usually between 3 to 8 mm. when mixed with water. This permits rapid drainage while allowing fresh air to be drawn into the root zone. The root zone temperature is an entirely separate concern. Included in this category are: 1.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.