Nirma University

Institute of Law IV Semester B.A.LL.B. (Hons.)Course

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Prepared & Submitted By

Submitted To

Archit Bohra (09BAL069) Saumitra Chaturvedi(09BAL071)

Mrs. Kanchan Samtani Asst. Prof. (Criminal Law)

State of Punjab. .RIWKHFRGHZKLFKDGXPEUDWHVWKHSURYLVLRQVIRUSHULRGRI OLPLWDWLRQUHJDUGLQJWKHWDNLQJRIFRJQL]DQFHRIDQRIIHQFHQRZKHUHYHVWVWKHJRYHUQPHQW ZLWKWKHSRZHUWRDOORZLQVWLWXWLRQRISURVHFXWLRQDIWHUH[SLU\RIWKHVWDWXWRU\SHULRGRI OLPLWDWLRQ1.9. 1 Delhi Bitumen Sales Agency.. 1989 Cri LJ 722 at 724 (P & H). New Delhi v..Introduction *RYHUQPHQWQRWHPSRZHUHGWRDOORZLQVWLWXWLRQRISURVHFXWLRQDIWHUVWDWXWRU\SHULRGRI OLPLWDWLRQ FKDSWHU.

Sagam Pratap Reddy. Limitation Non-applicability of The provisions of sub section (5) of section 167 do not override the provisions of section 468. Tara Dutt. when the respondents were charged under section 468 CrPC read with section 120-B of IPC . 1987 Cri LJ 1215 (Del.the limitation prescribed under section 468 is to be read with reference to the date of cognizance or issuance of process4. CrPC.P. Arora v. The magistrate should not refuse to take cognizance of the offence as the basis of the charge sheet simply because the investigation was not complete within the stipulated period of six months3. 4 Basavantappa Basappa Bannithalli v. provides that in relation to offences which may be tried together. 1990 Cri LJ 360 at 362 5 R. 19 and 16 (1) of the seeds act.S. 3. Limitation period computation of.. High court of A. the cognizance taken by the special judge cannot be said to be barred by limitation2. for which the imposable punishment is seven years and Section 5(2) of old prevention of corruption act. Limitation for taking cognizance Sub-section (3) of the section 468 of CrPC which was added by the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act. Shankarappa Mariagallappa Bannihalli. The language of sub-section (3) of Section 468 is in respect of the offence charged and not in respect of the offence of the offence finally proved. This being the position. Hyderabad v. 2. 1966 the period of limitation starts running from the day of the seed analyst submits his report to seed inspector5. v. If the date of taking cognizance is taken the date to determine the period of limitation that would amount to penalizing the party for no fault of his. Such a construction cannot be placed under section 468 of the code. AIR 2000 SC 297 : (2000) 1 SCC 230 Public Prosecutor. the punishable with the more or most severe punishment. There could be a case where the complaint is filed on the last date of limitation and on account of the inconvenience or otherwise of the court sworn statement of the complaint could be recorded only on a later date and the magistrate took cognizance after the expiry of limitation. in case of prosecution under sections 7.) . 1947 which is punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years and for such offences no period of limitation having been provided for in section 468. 1988 Cri LJ 1057 (AP).1. 1978. State.P. A construction possible in the circumstances is that the bar under section 468 of the 2 3 State of H. The limitation under 167(5) has no concern with the filing of charge sheet. in the case in hand.

7.) 9 K.6. Exclusion of time in certain cases:--(1) In computing the period of limitation. punishable with fine only the time taken for obtaining the order under section 52 has to be excluded8. Impugned order taking cognizance was liable to be set aside as there was no satisfactory explanation given for not filing complaint for next 9 years. Limitation period for taking cognizance of offence .there was defalcation of government revenue by accused during 1991 to 1995. It was a case of gross negligence and laches9. is unable to entertain it. whether in a Court of first instance or in a Court of appeal or revision. then.6. against the offender. the period of the 6 7 Zain Sait v. have at best been stretched till 1996. 5. Limitation period could. State of Nagaland. FIR ought to have been lodged on or before 12.1996. 6. 2007 Cri LJ 4266 (GAU) (Kohima Bench) . 1989 Cri LJ 1044 at 1045 (P & H) 8 George Thomas v. Limitation time taken for obtaining order.1999. State of Haryana. 4. Accused was reminded at a regular interval to deposit revenue. State of kerala. Intex Painter. Limitation relates to primae facie offence the limitation under section 468 and the following section of the code relates to an offence which is primae facie made out and not to an offence which is ultimately to be found to have been committed7.) Devratan v.code from taking cognizance will operate only when the complaint is barred by limitation6.to be excluded the expression order in section 52 to be readed at par with the word sanction under section 470(3) of the criminal procedure code. the time during which any person has been prosecuting with due diligence another prosecution. Initial offence detected in the year 1991 itself. While computing the period of limitation for initiating prosecution with regard to an offence under section 49 of the Act of 1948. shall be excluded: Provided that no such exclusion shall be made unless the prosecution relates to the same facts and is prosecuted in good faith in a Court which from defect of jurisdiction or other cause of a like nature. 1993 Cri LJ 2213 (Ker. (2) Where the institution of the prosecution in respect of an offence has been stayed by an injunction or order. 1987 Cri LJ 1311 (Ker. in computing the period of limitation. Vikheho Sema v. Last reminder was given on 13.

the time required for obtaining such consent or sanction shall be excluded. it remains closed on that day 9. during its normal working hours. if. (3) Where notice of prosecution for an offence been given. Explanation:.In computing the time required for obtaining the consent or sanction of the Government or any other authority. Some of the example for this continues offence are been cited as following- 10 11 Indian Die C. the date on which the application was made for obtaining the consent or sanction and the date of receipt of the order of the Government or other authority shall both be excluded. 8. in force. the liability for which continues offence until the rule or its requirement is obeyed or complied with11.A court shall be deemed to be closed on any day within the meaning of this section.L.(a) has been absent from India or from any territory outside India which is under the administration of the Central Government.C.538(Cal-DB) M.10 It is one of those offences which arise out of a failure to obey or comply with the rule or its requirement and which involves a penalty. In the case of continuing offence.P Ltd. Explanation. the day on which it was issued or made. then. State. and the day on which it was withdrawn. shall be excluded. or where.Continuous offence has not been defined in the code because it is not having a fix connotation or static but a continuous offence is one which is susceptible of continuance and is distinguishable from one which is committed once and for all.2291(2294)(kant) .1988 (3) crimes. or (b) has avoided arrest by absconding or concealing himself. as the case be. Jones Menzes. Explanation . the court may take cognizance on the day on which the courts reopen. under any law for the time being. In computing the period of limitation. the period of such notice or.536. in computing the period of limitation. V.continuance of the injunction or order.R Joseph v. the time during which the offender. the previous consent or sanction of the Government or any other authority is required for the institution of any prosecution for an offence.J. Where the period of limitation expires on a day when the court is closed. shall be excluded. a fresh period of limitation shall begin to run at every moment of the time during which the offence continues.2004 Cr.

the court can take cognizance even beyond the period fixed by S.The offence of non-return of articles of dowry is complete when the specified period expires and therefore not a continuing offence under Ss 6(1)(b) and 7(b)of dowry Prohibition Act.1947.. the law of limitation is not that rigid so as to non-suit the aggrieved wife. however.(1955)1SCC 42. Scope.15 10.Offence under Sec-498A. State of UP. however .Power to condole delay is discretionally judicial discretion can be exercised only when the reason for condoling the delay is sufficiently explained and to do substantial justice.P.IPC.468(2).2005(1)Crimes366(370) Indubala(Smt) v. this section. Notwithstanding anything contained in the foregoing provisions of this chapter.is an continuing offence within the meaning of sec472. 1990 CrLJ 2469 (del) 16 State of Maharashtra v.when sec. As because delay cannot be condoled sufficiently reasons that is why it is the duty of the magistrate to state expressly the grounds by which he satisfied that delay is properly explained or how he came to the conclusion to condole the delay in the interest of justice.14 Non Continuing Offence.Cr.(1) if proper and satisfactory explanation of the delay forthcoming.498A is brought to use in the case of cruelty on women.lays down two exception.2002(2)Crimes 365(367) Cal 15 Gursharansingh v.2003(4)Crimes 391(392)(All) 14 In re: DibyendraNAth Ray. or (2) it is in the interest of justice . if it satisfy on the facts and in the circumstances of the case that the delay has been properly explained or that it is necessary so to do in the interests of justice. In offence under 498A the last act of cruelty would be starting point of limitation. IPC is continuing offence13 . 13 12 .C. any court may take cognizance of an offence after the expiry of the period of limitation. 498A. State of tamil Nadu.Sec468 bars a court from taking cognizance of any offence if it is beyond the prescribed period limitation laid down under sub s(2) of that section.1947 An offence for breach of provisions of section 29 read with Sec32 of industrial dispute Act. GursharanAkur.1961.12Offence under S.16 Ramesh v. Offence under Ss-29 and 32of Industrial Dispute Act. Dowry prohibition Act. Sharad Chandra VinayakDongre.

Issues of process do not amount to condonation to delay.468. in view of the opening non-obstante clause in this section. the charge is by nature serious and the delay is only of 6 days. 20 14. the exercise of the powers conferred on the court to condone the delay is justified. Satisfaction for the purpose of extending the period of limitation must be arrived at before taking cognizance.1977Cr. These are some of the stances where this Section has been examined from different types of laws.Condonation of delay should take place before cognizance of the offence is taken. the discretion exercised must be by a speaking order indicating the satisfaction of the court that the delay was satisfactorily explained and the condonation of the same was in the interest of justice. Serious charge-where the charge is that the cutting of the trees has done without licence and therefore.17 11. Pre-cognizance exercise of power-There is no scope for condonation of delay after taking cognizance of the offence. AIR 2000SC 297 20 sadaYessuDessai v. range forest officer.268(All) Krishna Sanghi v.This section is in the nature of an expression of S. it will prevail over all other provisions in XXXVI with regard to limitation including S.L.Merely because process was issued it cannot be said that delay was condoned. Speaking order-where the court take cognizance after the expiry of limitation in the interest of justice. Such delay has to be condoned in accordance with the provisions of the code.19 13.1988(3) Crimes740(Bom) 18 17 . taradutt.1985(1)Crimes 265. Condonation of the delay under this provision shall precede taking of cognizance of offence. 12. state of MP. Shankerlalbhargeva v State of UP. Taking cognizance of an offence without deciding the question of limitation is without jurisdiction.18Taking cognizance beyond the limitation period without condoning the delay is bad and without jurisdiction. prior to the taking of the cognizance of the offence.J90(MP) 1919 State of HP v.468.

46 of the Tamil Nadu General Sales Tax Act.21 Revision.several notices issued under S.(2003) 7 SCC 254 . 21 22 Bhaskaran v. Revisional Court would interfere.If the discretion is condoning delay has been exercised properly. State.1990 CrLJ2260(Mad) Ramesh Chandra Sinha v State of Bihar. 1956 in order to save limitation are not permitted as only one notice can be taken into account for the purpose of this section.RevisionCourt would not interfere.Several notices to save limitation.22if the order condoning delay is not based on proper ground.

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