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“Hypothyroidism.” The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Ed. Longe, Jacqueline L. Vol 3. New York.: Gale Group, 2002. Print. “Hyperthyroidism.” Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases. N.p, Apr. 2008. Web. 31 Mar. 2011. “Hypothyroidism.” WebMD. N.P, 25 August, 2008. Web. 23 Mar. 2011. Shomon, Mary. “Thyroid Disease 101.” About. Medical Review Board, 19 June, 2006. Web. 1 Apr. 2011. Watson, Stephanie. The Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands. Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2004. Print. “What is Hyperthyroidism?” National Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases Information Service. NIDDK, Apr. 2008. Web. 1 Apr. 2011.
Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism Thyroid Gland .
it reduces its hormone output causing many problems (Watson). The thyroid is a two inch long. Hyperthyroidism is an overproduction of thyroid hormones and hypothyroidism is a deficiency in thyroid hormones.Because thyroid hormones are not water soluble. thyroid disease affects almost every aspect of health. Thyroid hormones are very essential to the body: . It is unusual among the other organs because it requires iodine to produce its hormones. Thyroid disease is not life threatening if treatment is done correctly and there are no known ways to prevent it. and more than half are undiagnosed (Shomon). The thyroid gland makes two different types of hormones. It releases it hormones when acted upon by TSH from the pituitary gland (Watson). The thyroid gland is the largest endocrine organ and is crucial to almost all of the body’s physiological processes. “Thyroid hormone production is regulated by thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). located in the brain” (What).An estimated 27 million Americans have thyroid disease. When the gland does not have adequate iodine. and too often overlooked and misdiagnosed. Unlike most other endocrine organs. The two main effects are hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. butterfly shaped gland and weighs less than an ounce. the thyroid gland can store its hormones for several weeks. T3 and T4. Frequently misunderstood. There are a lot of different thyroid hormone effects. Iodine mainly enters the body through food and water. which is made by another gland in the endocrine system called the pituitary. they generally travel through the bloodstream attached to carrier proteins. It is located in the front of the neck below the larynx.
age 60 and above. “I was feeling really depressed and had pains in my joints. it is very easy to treat but if not treated correctly. Researchers discovered that women. Without the proper amount of the thyroid hormones.• • • They regulate the body’s energy consumption They are necessary for skeletal growth They are essential for the system development and for normal reproductive function. Even though it might seem like it’s not a big deal. Hypothyroidism is very easy to treat and is often treated with just some thyroid hormone pills (Hypothyroidism). This is the case for two of every three people who have hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism is caused by a condition called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Fortunately. This is a condition where the immune system of one’s body attacks they thyroid tissue. one cannot live normally (Watson). It is estimated that 11 million adults and children are affected with this disease in America (Haggerty 1756). have a higher risk of developing the disease and a person is most likely to get it if it runs in their family. Not taking the pills . • They influence heart rate and blood flow. the person with the disease have to take the pills for the rest of their life. Imagine having a disease and not finding out about it before it’s too late. This causes the gland to be incapable of making enough thyroid hormones. A simple blood test can show if thyroid hormone level is too low. Unlike other diseases. So I went to the doctor and he gave me a blood test” (Renikuntla). it can raise your cholesterol levels and increase your chance of having a heart attack or stroke. Hypothyroidism means that the thyroid gland in a person’s body is not making enough thyroid hormones.
Hyperthyroidism is a “condition in which they thyroid gland makes too much thyroid hormones” (Hyperthyroidism). (What). have blood test to detect thyroid problems every five years starting at age 35. and over medicating with synthetic hormone (Hyperthyroidism). It is easier to get hyperthyroid if you have a family history of thyroid disease. one or more thyroid nodules. This is a dangerous way because your parathyroid glands could be damaged (Eckman). Hyperthyroidism has several causes including: Graves’ disease. “Women are five to ten times more likely than men to develop hyperthyroidism. o The least used treatment is surgery to remove most of the thyroid gland. particularly women. There are three main ways to treat it: o Doctors prescribe a drug called a beta blocker to reduce your symptoms until other treatment takes effect. Treatment depends on the cause of hyperthyroidism and how severe it is.” The American Thyroid Association recommends that adults. Severe hypothyroidism can lead to a rare but dangerous disease called myxedema coma. Often times. ingesting too much iodine.will cause future problems that will make living a difficult task. physical examinations or blood tests are done to reveal if a person has hyperthyroidism or not. o Antithyroid therapy is the easiest way to treat hyperthyroidism but often does not produce lasting results. . Also eating large amounts of food containing iodine increases your risks of getting the disease.
Hyperthyroidism is more difficult to treat than hypothyroidism and makes the life of the person hard to live normally. Medical discoveries over the years have led to cures that continue to improve the lives of people suffering from thyroid disease. The history of the discovery of thyroid disease is as complicated as the diseases themselves. Most pet owners find out that their pet is diagnosed with the thyroid disease when their pet is in its adulthood. . Leonardo da Vinci was the first to draw the thyroid. and it was mentioned in Hindu holy texts in 300 BC. Symptoms: Thyroid disease does not only occur in humans but also occurs in animals. in 1500. The name "thyroid" was given to this small gland in the neck by Thomas Wharton. who named it after the shape of an ancient Grecian shield.