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Recursos para el docente

POLÍTICA Y
CIUDADANÍA

ES 5.° año
POLÍTICA
Y CIUDADANÍA
RECURSOS PARA EL DOCENTE

POLÍTICA Y CIUDADANÍA Recursos para el docenteFTVOBPCSB


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Jefa de arte: Claudia Fano. © 2010, EDICIONES SANTILLANA S.A.


Av. L. N. Alem 720 (C1001AAP), Política y ciudadanía : recursos para el docente / edición a cargo de
Diagramación: Fernando Ramírez. Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina. Cristina Viturro. -
1a ed. - Buenos Aires : Santillana, 2010.
Corrección: Martín Vittón. ISBN: 978-950-46-2312-0 32 p. ; 28x22 cm. - (Saberes clave)

Queda hecho el depósito que dispone la ley 11.723. ISBN 978-950-46-2326-7


Este libro no puede ser reproducido total ni parcialmente en
1. Ciencias Políticas. 2. Ciudadanía. 3. Guía Docente. I. Cristina Viturro,
ninguna forma, ni por ningún medio o procedimiento, sea re- Impreso en Argentina. Printed in Argentina.
ed.
prográfico, fotocopia, microfilmación, mimeógrafo o cualquier Primera edición: octubre de 2010.
CDD 371.1
otro sistema mecánico, fotoquímico, electrónico, informático,
magnético, electroóptico, etcétera. Cualquier reproducción sin Este libro se terminó de imprimir en el mes de octubre de 2010
permiso de la editorial viola derechos reservados, es ilegal y Buenos Aires, República Argentina.
constituye un delito.
2 Recursos para la planificación
Sección 1 / La política
Capítulo Expectativas de logro Contenidos Estrategias didácticas

1 ¿Qué es la política? $PNQSFOEFS MPT DPODFQUPT EF QPMÓUJDB Z MP -BQPMÓUJDBDPNPWJEBFODPNÞO-PQPMÓUJDP&MEFSFDIP *OUFSQSFUBDJØO EF UFYUPT EF MB UFPSÓB QPMÓUJDB
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2 El poder $PNQSFOEFSFMDPODFQUPEFQPEFSDPNPSFMB- %FmOJDJØOEFQPEFS-BTSFMBDJPOFTEFQPEFS-PTJOTUSV- 3FBMJ[BDJØOEFVOFTRVFNBDPODFQUVBMQBSBTJOUF-


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poder. -BEJWFSTJEBETPDJBM MBEFTJHVBMEBEZMPTDPOnJDUPTEFQP- "OÈMJTJTEFQSPDFTPTZBDPOUFDJNJFOUPTIJTUØSJDPT
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Entrevista: Política y deporte. Pasión de multitudes

Sección 2 / Estado, democracia y gobierno

3 El Estado 7JTVBMJ[BSFM&TUBEPDPNPDFOUSPEFPSHBOJ- -B NPEFSOJEBE Z MB TFQBSBDJØO FOUSF &TUBEP Z TPDJFEBE "OÈMJTJTEFDPOUFYUPTIJTUØSJDPTQBSBJEFOUJmDBSB
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© Santillana S.A. Prohibida su fotocopia. Ley 11.723


© Santillana S.A. Prohibida su fotocopia. Ley 11.723

4 El Estado *EFOUJmDBSMBTFUBQBTIJTUØSJDBTEFGPSNBDJØO  $ØNPTFGPSNØFM&TUBEPBSHFOUJOPJOUFHSBDJØOUFSSJUP- #ÞTRVFEBEFJOGPSNBDJØOFOTJUJPT


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6 El Estado de $POPDFS FM GVODJPOBNJFOUP DPOTUJUVDJPOBM -BUSBEJDJØOSFQVCMJDBOB-BTFQBSBDJØOEFQPEFSFT'VO- *OWFTUJHBDJØO EF GVFOUFT QFSJPEÓTUJDBT EF DBTPT
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3
4 Recursos para la planificación
Capítulo Expectativas de logro Contenidos Estrategias didácticas

8 El gobierno $PNQSFOEFS FM DPODFQUP EF HPCJFSOP FO %FmOJDJØOEFHPCJFSOP&TUBEPZHPCJFSOP 4JNVMBDJØO DPO SPMFT QVFTUB FO QSÈDUJDB EF MB
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*EFOUJmDBSMBTSFTQPOTBCJMJEBEFT BUSJCVDJP- UFSSJUPSJBMEFMQPEFS USF BTFTPSFT RVF CVTDBO EFUFSNJOBS DVÈM FT MB
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$POPDFSEJGFSFOUFTGPSNBTEFDPODFCJSZEF DJBMJTNPZFMTFNJQSFTJEFODJBMJTNP NPZQSFTJEFODJBMJTNP
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9 El gobierno de la 3FDPOPDFSMBTQBSUJDVMBSJEBEFTEFMBPSHBOJ- 6OHPCJFSOPSFQSFTFOUBUJWP SFQVCMJDBOPZGFEFSBM&MQSF- #ÞTRVFEB EF NBUFSJBM QFSJPEÓTUJDP TPCSF DBSBD-
Argentina [BDJØO Z GVODJPOBNJFOUP EFM HPCJFSOP EF TJEFODJBMJTNPBSHFOUJOP0SHBOJ[BDJØOZGVODJPOFTEFMPT UFSÓTUJDBTEFMHPCJFSOPOBDJPOBM
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10 Políticas públicas $PNQSFOEFSFMDPODFQUPEFQPMÓUJDBQÞCMJDB %FmOJDJØOEFiQPMÓUJDBQÞCMJDBw(PCJFSOPZQPMÓUJDBTQÞ- *OWFTUJHBDJØO Z SFDPOPDJNJFOUP EF DBOBMFT EF


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Entrevista: Política y trabajo. El trabajo en la vida de las personas.

© Santillana S.A. Prohibida su fotocopia. Ley 11.723


© Santillana S.A. Prohibida su fotocopia. Ley 11.723

Sección 3 / Ciudadanía, participación y organización política

11 La ciudadanía $PNQSFOEFSFMDPODFQUPEFDJVEBEBOÓB FO- &M DPODFQUP EF DJVEBEBOÓB $JVEBEBOÓB  MJCFSBMJTNP Z "OÈMJTJTEFUFYUPTTPCSFEJGFSFOUFTDPODFQDJPOFT
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12 Participación y $PNQSFOEFSRVÏFTMBQBSUJDJQBDJØOQPMÓUJDB %FmOJDJØOEFMBQBSUJDJQBDJØOQPMÓUJDB-PTQPMÓUJDPT "OÈMJTJTEFEJTUJOUPTUJQPTEFPSHBOJ[BDJPOFTQP-


organizaciones 3FWJTBS Z SFWBMPSJ[BS MB QSÈDUJDB QPMÓUJDB 1BSUJDJQBDJØOGPSNBMZSFBMFOMB"SHFOUJOB-BEFNPDSB- MÓUJDBTZEFNPEPTEFQBSUJDJQBDJØOiOPUSBEJDJP-
políticas DPNPGPSNBEFNPDSÈUJDBEFDPOTUSVJSTPDJF- DJBDPNPSFnFKPEFMBQBSUJDJQBDJØOEFMBDJVEBEBOÓB-B OBMFTw
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13 Los partidos $POPDFSMBTQBSUJDVMBSJEBEFTPSHBOJ[BUJWBTZ %FmOJDJØO EF QBSUJEPT QPMÓUJDPT -PT QBSUJEPT QPMÓUJDPT "OÈMJTJTEFUFYUPTPCSFFMTJTUFNBEFQBSUJEPTQP-
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5
6 Recursos para la planificación
Capítulo Expectativas de logro Contenidos Estrategias didácticas

14 Los movimientos 3FMBDJPOBSMBTGPSNBTEFPSHBOJ[BDJØOTPDJBM -BiDVFTUJØOTPDJBMwDPNPPSJHFOEFMPTNPWJNJFOUPTTP- #ÞTRVFEBEFJOGPSNBDJØOZBOÈMJTJTEFEJTUJOUPT


sociales ZTVTBDDJPOFTDPOMPTEJTUJOUPTUJQPTEFQSP- DJBMFT%FmOJDJØOEFMPTNPWJNJFOUPTTPDJBMFT NPWJNJFOUPTTPDJBMFT
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$POPDFS Z BOBMJ[BS EJTUJOUPT NPWJNJFOUPT MJCFSBMFTEFMPT&TUBEPT QSFDBSJ[BDJØOZEFTFNQMFP HMPCB- de casos.
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$PNQBSBSNPWJNJFOUPTTPDJBMFTBQBSUJSEFM 0SJHFO GPSNBDJØOZQFSTQFDUJWBTEFM.PWJNJFOUPEFMPT 3FMBDJØOFOUSFMPTNPWJNJFOUPTTPDJBMFTZFMVTP
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Entrevista: Política y humor. Pequeño manual de histori(et)a

Sección 4 / Derechos humanos y democracia

15 Los derechos 3FDPOPDFSMBEJHOJEBEIVNBOBDPNPQSJODJ- %FmOJDJØOEFEFSFDIPTIVNBOPT4VGVOEBNFOUP-BIV- "OÈMJTJTEFMBBDDJØOQPMÓUJDBUFOEJFOUFBMBQSP-


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© Santillana S.A. Prohibida su fotocopia. Ley 11.723


© Santillana S.A. Prohibida su fotocopia. Ley 11.723

16 Dictadura y *EFOUJmDBSMBTDBSBDUFSÓTUJDBTEFMUFSSPSJTNP 3FHÓNFOFTQPMÓUJDPT-PTSFHÓNFOFTUPUBMJUBSJPT&MUFSSPSJT- 5SBCBKP DPO NBUFSJBM WJTVBM NBQB EF DFOUSPT
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18 Discriminación %JTUJOHVJS FOUSF EJTDSJNJOBDJØO OFHBUJWB Z 1SFKVJDJPZEJTDSJNJOBDJØO%JTDSJNJOBDJØOQPTJUJWBZOF- "OÈMJTJTZFTUVEJPEFEJWFSTPTUJQPTEFEJTDSJNJ-


y vulneración de QPTJUJWB 3FDPOPDFS TJUVBDJPOFT FO MBT RVF HBUJWB 3BDJTNP Z YFOPGPCJB &M FKFNQMP EFM apartheid. OBDJØO"OÈMJTJTEFQVCMJDJEBEFT
los derechos MB EJTDSJNJOBDJØO WVMOFSB MPT EFSFDIPT EF -PTNVTFPTZTVJNQPSUBODJBFOMBGPSNBDJØOEFVOBNF- *OWFTUJHBDJØOFONVTFPTTPCSFFMDBTPEFMSBDJT-
las personas. NPSJBDPMFDUJWB NP PSJHFOEFM)PMPDBVTUP
$POPDFS RVÏ FOUJEBEFT Z SFDVSTPT FYJTUFO %JTDSJNJOBDJØOBQVFCMPTPSJHJOBSJPTZBBGSPEFTDFOEJFOUFT 5SBCBKPDPOEPDVNFOUPTTPCSFMBWJPMFODJBDPO-
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Entrevista: Rock, política y sociedad. "El rock da por sobreentendido que hay que luchar por los derechos humanos”
7
Cómo es la propuesta del libro del alumno

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© Santillana S.A. Permitida su fotocopia solo para uso docente

8
El trabajo con documentos multimodales

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© Santillana S.A. Permitida su fotocopia solo para uso docente

9
Más información y propuestas para trabajar
SECCIÓN 1 La política

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La asamblea ateniense
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© Santillana S.A. Permitida su fotocopia solo para uso docente

Actividades

1. {$VÈMFTFMDPOUFYUPFOFMRVFTFSFBMJ[BMBJOWFTUJHBDJØO
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10
Otras tradiciones políticas

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Actividades

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11
Entrevista: Política y deportes
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Actividades

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12
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13
SECCIÓN 2 Estado, democracia y gobierno

'VOEBEPS Z QSJNFS EJSFDUPS EFM .VTFP )JTUØSJDP /BDJPOBM  "EPMGP $BSSBO[B GVF VOP EF MPT QSJODJQBMFT QSPEVDUPSFT EF MB
IJTUPSJPHSBGÓBOBDJPOBM FTUPFT VOSFMBUPRVFEJFSBGPSNBBMPTQSJNFSPTB×PTEFMB1BUSJBZSPTUSPBTVTQSØDFSFT RVFGVFSBDPNÞO
BUPEPTMPTBSHFOUJOPTZFTUVWJFSBBUPOPDPOMPTUJFNQPTGVOEBDJPOBMFTEFM&TUBEPOBDJØO

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QBUSJØUJDBDPOmOFTQPMÓUJDPTZQFEBHØHJDPT4FUSBUBCBEFmKBS FODPOTPOBODJBDPOMBIJTUPSJPHSBGÓB
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FTB IJTUPSJPHSBGÓB  QSJODJQBMNFOUF #BSUPMPNÏ .JUSF Z 7JDFOUF 'JEFM -ØQF[ &O MB Galería de las
Celebridades Argentinas  .JUSFFYQMJDJUBFTBJOUFODJØO

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JDPOPHSBGÓBIJTUØSJDBBSHFOUJOBEl Cabildo Abierto del 22 de mayo de 1810, Mariano Moreno en su
mesa de trabajo y Ensayo del Himno Nacional en casa de M. S. de Thompson […]

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© Santillana S.A. Permitida su fotocopia solo para uso docente

Actividades

1. {2VÏTJHOJmDBMBFYQSFTJØO&TUBEPOBDJØOZDØNPTFDPOTUSVZØMBOBDJØOBSHFOUJOB
2. #VTDÈEBUPTCJPHSÈmDPTEF#BSUPMPNÏ.JUSFZ"EPMGP$BSSBO[B{2VÏSFMBDJØOUVWJFSPODPOMBIJTUPSJB
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14
El rostro de Moreno
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.)/ Libro de Notas III, de 1904 a 1910, folios 

'VÏFMBMNBEFMHPCJFSOPEFMB3FWPMVDJØOEF i&TF NPOVNFOUP JNQFSFDFEFSP EFM HFOJP


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$IVRVJTBDB FKFSDÓBDPOCSJMMPMBQSPGFTJØOFOTV DVBOEP FTB IPSB WJOP  FM QVFCMP SFDPSEØ È TV
DJVEBE OBUBM EFTEF   Z FO  MF MMBNØ È HSBO DBNQFØO  QSPQPOJÏOEPMP QBSB TFDSFUBSJP
MB FTDFOB QÞCMJDB FM DMBNPS EF MPT IBDFOEBEPT EFMBKVOUBRVFEFCÓBHPCFSOBSFOSFFNQMB[PEFM
Z MBCSBEPSFT  RVF MF OPNCSBSPO BQPEFSBEP SFQSFTFOUBOUFEFMPTSFZFT
QBSBRVFFYQVTJFTFMBTSB[POFTRVFKVTUJmDBTFO
© Santillana S.A. Permitida su fotocopia solo para uso docente

MB MJCFSUBE EF DPNFSDJP  UBO SFTJTUJEB QPS MPT CARRANZA "EPMGP1La Junta Gubernativa de 1810#VFOPT
"JSFT  TJONFODJØOFEJUPSJBM%JTQPOJCMFFOIUUQ
NPOPQPMJTUBT  RVF FSBO MBT FOUJEBEFT EF MB
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sociedad colonial. >

Actividades

1. {$VÈMFTMBJNBHFORVF"EPMGP$BSSBO[BQSFUFOEFDSFBSEF.PSFOP
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3. "QBSUJSEFMPRVFMFÓTUFFJOWFTUJHBTUF {QPSRVÏDSFÏTRVF$BSSBO[BNBOEBQJOUBSB.PSFOPBTÓ
15
Entrevista: Política y trabajo
Sobre la OIT
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QBSB NVKFSFT Z IPNCSFT  FO DPOEJDJPOFT SFTVNFMBTBTQJSBDJPOFTEFMBTQFSTPOBTEVSBOUF
EF MJCFSUBE  JHVBMEBE  TFHVSJEBE Z EJHOJEBE TVWJEBMBCPSBM
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FO MB QB[ EVSBEFSB  MB QSPTQFSJEBE Z FM *OUFSOBDJPOBMFT EFM 5SBCBKP "M USBCBKBS KVOUP
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>

© Santillana S.A. Permitida su fotocopia solo para uso docente

Actividades

1. )BDÏVOTFHVJNJFOUPFOMPTNFEJPTQFSJPEÓTUJDPTBUVBMDBODFEFJOGPSNBDJØOSFMBUJWBBMB0*5Z
TJOUFUJ[ÈFOVODVBESPTVTQSJODJQBMFTBDDJPOFT FMBCPSBDJØOEFSFQPSUFT JOGPSNFT FUDÏUFSB

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NFEJPTQFSJPEÓTUJDPTRVFUFOHBTBUVBMDBODF HSÈGJDPTVPOMJOF

3. &OFTUBEJSFDDJØOWBTBFODPOUSBSVOJOGPSNFDPOGPUPTRVFSFTVNFMBWJEBEFMB0*5 FTUÈFOJOHMÏT

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16
Trabajo decente y tripartismo: dos conceptos clave
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Z SFQSFTFOUBOUFT EFM TJTUFNB NVMUJMBUFSBM Z MB
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MBCPSBMFT JOUFSOBDJPOBMFT PQPSUVOJEBEFT EF QSJPSJEBEFT Z PCKFUJWPT TF EFmOFO EFOUSP EFM
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Z EJÈMPHP TPDJBM Z USJQBSUJTNP &TUPT PCKFUJWPT EFDPNCBUJSMPTNÈTHSBWFTEÏmDJUTEFUSBCBKP
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NVKFSFT Z IPNCSFT  FO MB FDPOPNÓB GPSNBM F BCBSDBODBEBVOPEFMPTPCKFUJWPTFTUSBUÏHJDPT
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<y>-B0*5BQPZBFMUSJQBSUJTNPFOMPT&TUBEPT EJÈMPHPFOUSFTVTNBOEBOUFTUSJQBSUJUBT"ZVEB
NJFNCSP NFEJBOUF MB QSPNPDJØO EFM EJÈMPHP BHPCJFSOPTZBPSHBOJ[BDJPOFTEFFNQMFBEPSFT
TPDJBMFOFMEJTF×PZMBBQMJDBDJØOEFFTUSBUFHJBT ZUSBCBKBEPSFTBFTUBCMFDFSSFMBDJPOFTMBCPSBMFT
OBDJPOBMFT -BT DPOEJDJPOFT EF FNQMFP KVTUBT  TØMJEBT  B BEBQUBS MB MFHJTMBDJØO MBCPSBM QBSB
FMUSBCBKPEFDFOUFZVOEFTBSSPMMPRVFCFOFmDJF IBDFSGSFOUFBSFUPTFDPOØNJDPTZTPDJBMFT ZB
B UPEPT OP QVFEFO TFS BMDBO[BEPT TJO FM NFKPSBSMBBENJOJTUSBDJØOEFMUSBCBKP<y>
DPOTFOUJNJFOUP Z FM FTGVFS[P EF USBCBKBEPSFT 
FNQMFBEPSFT Z HPCJFSOPT $PO FM mO EF 0*5i5SJQBSUJTNPw%JTQPOJCMFFOIUUQXXXJMPPSH
© Santillana S.A. Permitida su fotocopia solo para uso docente

HMPCBM"CPVU@UIF@*-04USVDUVSFUSJQBSUJTNMBOHFTJOEFY
SFTQBMEBS FTUF FTGVFS[P VOP EF MPT PCKFUJWPT
IUN<DPOTVMUBEPFM>
FTUSBUÏHJDPT EF MB 0*5 FT FM SFGPS[BNJFOUP EFM

Actividades

1. {$VÈMFTTPOMBTDBSBDUFSÓTUJDBTEFMUSBCBKPEFDFOUFTFHÞOFMUFYUP
2. *OWFTUJHÈFOMPTNFEJPTBUVBMDBODFOPUJDJBTRVF FOFMNBSDPEFMB"SHFOUJOB FTUÏOSFMBDJPOBEBT
DPOSFTPMVDJPOFT NFEJEBTPQPMÓUJDBTEF&TUBEPRVFBQVOUFOBMUSBCBKPEFDFOUF
3. {2VÏJNQMJDBFMUSJQBSUJTNPZQPSRVÏDSFÏTRVFFTJNQPSUBOUFFTUFQMBOUFPQBSBSFTPMWFSZUSBUBSMB
QSPCMFNÈUJDBMBCPSBM
17
SECCIÓN 3 Ciudadanía, participación y organización política

-BDJVEBEBOÓBDPNPDPOTUSVDDJØOIJTUØSJDB QSPEVDUPEFMBBDDJØOQPMÓUJDB TFNBOJGJFTUBEFNÞMUJQMFTNBOFSBT6OB RVFBUB×F


BMÈNCJUPMBCPSBM FTUÈSFQSFTFOUBEBQPSFM.PWJNJFOUP/BDJPOBMEF'ÈCSJDBT3FDVQFSBEBTQPSMPT5SBCBKBEPSFT6OPEFTVTDBTPT
NÈT FNCMFNÈUJDPT  FM EF 'BTJOQBU FY DFSÈNJDB ;BOØO
 GVF FM UFNB EF VO EPDVNFOUBM RVF  BEFNÈT EF TFS VO SFHJTUSP EF FTUBT
FYQFSJFODJBT EBUFTUJNPOJPEFTVTEJGJDVMUBEFTZTVTQSPHSFTPT5BNCJÏOQMBOUFBVOSJDPEJÈMPHPFOUSFMPTDJOFBTUBTZTVTTVKFUPT MPT
USBCBKBEPSFT RVFJOUFOUBNPTSFQSPEVDJSBUSBWÏTEFFTUPTUFYUPT

Corazón de fábrica (Ernesto Ardito y Virna Molina, Argentina, 2008)

Sinopsis <y> " QBSUJS EF VOB DÈNBSB VCJDBEB FO FM
&MmMNWBJOEBHBOEPFOMBWJEBEFVOHSVQP OÞDMFPJOUFSOPEFDBEBTJUVBDJØO FMFTQFDUBEPS
EFPCSFSPT IPNCSFTZNVKFSFTEFMB1BUBHPOJB UJFOFMBQPTJCJMJEBEEFTFOUJSMPRVFTVDFEFDPNP
BSHFOUJOB RVFJOJDJBOVOBMVDIBQBSBGSFOBSMBT VOQSPUBHPOJTUBNÈT<y>/PFYJTUFVOQVOUPEF
NVFSUFTZMPTBDDJEFOUFTRVFTFQSPEVDFOFOMB WJTUB PCKFUJWP TPCSF MB IJTUPSJB  TJOP NÞMUJQMFT
GÈCSJDBEFDFSÈNJDPTEPOEFUSBCBKBO<y> NJSBEBT TVCKFUJWBT RVF  EFTEF FM QFSTPOBKF
&O VO QBÓT QPCSF  <y> MPT USBCBKBEPSFT DPMFDUJWP RVF JOUFHSBO MPT USBCBKBEPSFT EF MB
EF DFSÈNJDB ;BOØO EFDJEFO UPNBS MB QMBOUB GÈCSJDB BSNBOFMSPNQFDBCF[BTEFVODPOnJDUP
DVBOEPFMEVF×PMBDJFSSBZQPOFSMBBQSPEVDJS DPNQMFKPZEJTQBSBOJOUFSSPHBOUFTFODPOUSBEPT
TJOKFGFTOJQBUSPOFT
"IPSB TF TJFOUFO MJCSFT  IBO FODPOUSBOEP Cómo se produjo
FO TV USBCBKP MB IFSSBNJFOUB QBSB DSFDFS %VSBOUFFMB×PEFTBSSPMMBNPTOVFTUSP
IVNBOBNFOUF  QFSP BM NJTNP UJFNQP EFCFO USBCBKP EF JOWFTUJHBDJØO Z HVJØO 1BSB FTUP
DBSHBS DPO VOB TFSJF EF SFTQPOTBCJMJEBEFT SFBMJ[BNPTEPTWJBKFTB/FVRVÏO DJVEBEEPOEF
Z EFTBGÓPT RVF VTVBMNFOUF TPO MB DBVTB EF TFFODVFOUSBMBGÈCSJDB;BOØO<y>
HSBOEFTQFMFBTFOUSFFMMPTPDPOTJHPNJTNPT 3FBMJ[BNPT  FOUSFWJTUBT  B QBSUJS EF
5JFOFO RVF DBQBDJUBSTF Z TVQFSBSTF QBSB MBT DVBMFT TFMFDDJPOBNPT B MPT QFSTPOBKFT
SFTPMWFS UPEBT MBT ÈSFBT EF MB QSPEVDDJØO QSJODJQBMFTZTFDVOEBSJPT&TUBTOPTQFSNJUJFSPO
&ODPOUSBSPO FO MBT BTBNCMFBT EFNPDSÈUJDBT FM UBNCJÏODPOPDFSMPTEJGFSFOUFTQVOUPTEFWJTUB
NFKPSTJTUFNBEFPSHBOJ[BDJØOQBSBRVFUPEPT EF MB FYQFSJFODJB Z QSPGVOEJ[BS TV EFTBSSPMMP
QVFEBOUPNBSMBTEFDJTJPOFT<y>MPHSBOBCSJS IJTUØSJDPEFTEFFMBTQFDUPIVNBOP
OVFWPTQVFTUPTEFUSBCBKP"IPSBTPO -B DPOWJWFODJB EFOUSP EF MB GBCSJDB OPT
USBCBKBEPSFT QPTJCJMJUØ DPOPDFS DBEB BTQFDUP EF TV NPEP
4POMBÞOJDBGÈCSJDBFOFMNVOEPRVFMPHSØ EF USBCBKP Z PSHBOJ[BDJØO *OEBHBS FO MB
MMFWBS BEFMBOUF VOB HFTUJØO PCSFSB EVSBOUF QFSTPOBMJEBE EF MPT QFSTPOBKFT Z FO TV NPEP
DVBUSPB×PT<y> EF SFMBDJPOBSTF Z BDUVBS "TÓ DPNP UBNCJÏO
FODPOUSBS MBT TJUVBDJPOFT Z FTDFOBSJPT QPTJCMFT
Tratamiento QBSBFMSPEBKF
&TUB QFMÓDVMB FT VO mMN RVF TF DPOUSBQPOF &O MPT ÞMUJNPT NFTFT EFM B×P UFSNJOBNPT
B MPT USBEJDJPOBMFT EPDVNFOUBMFT EF GPSNBUP EFFTDSJCJSFMHVJØOZFODPOUSBNPTUBNCJÏOFM
UFMFWJTJWP <y> -B DÈNBSB OPT JOUSPEVDF FO MB QMBOUFP FTUÏUJDP  OBSSBUJWP Z SFBMJ[BUJWP QBSB
JOUJNJEBE EFM GVODJPOBNJFOUP EF VOB GÈCSJDB MMFWBSBDBCPMBQFMÓDVMB
TJO QBUSPOFT QBSB DPNQSFOEFS  B QBSUJS EF MPT
DPOnJDUPT DPUJEJBOPT RVF BMMÓ TVDFEFO  DØNP El rodaje
TF PSHBOJ[BO MB QSPEVDDJØO Z MB SFTJTUFODJB 4F EJTF×Ø VO QMBO EF SPEBKF EF EPT NFTFT
QPMÓUJDB-BTTJUVBDJPOFTTPOEFHSBOJOUFOTJEBE EJWJEJEPFODVBUSPVOJEBEFTEFKPSOBEBTDBEB © Santillana S.A. Permitida su fotocopia solo para uso docente

ESBNÈUJDB  Z FYQMPSBO QSPGVOEBNFOUF FM VOB&OFMB×PTFDPNQMFUBSPOFTUBTDVBUSP


VOJWFSTPEFMBTSFMBDJPOFTIVNBOBTEFMHSVQPZ VOJEBEFT <y> 5SBT DBEB VOJEBE EF SPEBKF MB
EFMPTDPOnJDUPTJOUFSOPTEFMPTQFSTPOBKFT SFMBDJØO DPO MPT PCSFSPT TF GVF IBDJFOEP NÈT
-BBSJEF[EFMBFTUFQBBSDJMMPTB FMFTUSÏQJUP VOJEB $PNQSFOEJFOEP FMMPT MB JNQPSUBODJB
EFM WJFOUP  FM JNQMBDBCMF TPM  MB BMJFOBDJØO EF EF FTUF USBCBKP  BVNFOUBOEP TV DPOmBO[B Z
MBTNÈRVJOBTGVODJPOBOEPZMBPQSFTJØOEFVO OBUVSBMJ[BOEP MB QSFTFODJB EF MB DÈNBSB FO
HPCJFSOP DPOTFSWBEPS Z WJPMFOUP GPSNBO VO TVT BDUJWJEBEFT Z DPOnJDUPT DPUJEJBOPT <y> 4F
FTDFOBSJP IPTUJM EPOEF TF EFTBSSPMMB MB MVDIB mMNBSPOFOUPUBMIPSBTEFWJEFP<y>
DFSBNJTUB
Corazón de fábrica.%JTQPOJCMFFOIUUQXXXDEGEPD
DPNBS$%'$%'-"1&-*$6-"IUN<DPOTVMUBEPFM
>

18
Quiénes son los obreros de Zanón

-PT PCSFSPT EF ;BOØO TPO VO HSVQP EF RVFSÓBOSFDJCJSTFHVSPTEFEFTFNQMFP RVFSÓBO
 IPNCSFT Z NVKFSFT RVF USBCBKBO FO VOB NBOUFOFS TV GVFOUF EF USBCBKP Z FTUBCBO
EF MBT QMBOUBT EF DFSÈNJDPT NÈT JNQPSUBOUFT EJTQVFTUPT B EFGFOEFS FTF EFSFDIP IBTUB MBT
EF 4VEBNÏSJDB )PZ HFTUJPOBO MB GÈCSJDB FMMPT ÞMUJNBTDPOTFDVFODJBT
NJTNPT/PIBZKFGFTOJQBUSPOFTZUPEPTSFDJCFO ;BOØO DFSSØ MB QMBOUB Z FTQFDVMØ DPO
FMNJTNPTBMBSJP FM EFTHBTUF EF MB MVDIB  QBSB MVFHP WPMWFS
$VBOEPFNQF[BSPOMBMVDIBOPTFQSPQPOÓBO F JNQMFNFOUBS TV QMBO <y> -PT PCSFSPT TF
UPNBS MB GÈCSJDB  TJNQMFNFOUF EFGFOEFS TVT TPTUFOÓBO FNPDJPOBMNFOUF VOPT B PUSPT  QFSP
EFSFDIPT  QPS FTP SFDVQFSBSPO MB $PNJTJØO TBCÓBORVFMBTJUVBDJØOOPQPEÓBQSPMPOHBSTFQPS
*OUFSOB EF MB GÈCSJDB %F FTB NBOFSB MPHSBSPO NVDIPUJFNQPNÈT1PSFTPEFDJEJFSPOFOUSBSB
GSFOBS MPT BDDJEFOUFT EJBSJPT Z MBT NVFSUFT MBQMBOUBZQPOFSTFBQSPEVDJSDFSÈNJDPT
BOVBMFT FO ;BOØO 5BNCJÏO JNQJEJFSPO MPT <y> -B QSVFCB EF GVFHP GVF DVBOEP
EFTQJEPTNBTJWPTEFmOEFB×P HFOFSBMNFOUFB IBCJMJUBSPOFMHBTBMPTIPSOPT RVFMBFNQSFTB
MPTPCSFSPTNÈTBOUJHVPT
ZFMNBMUSBUPVTVBMEFM IBCÓBBOVMBEPVOUJFNQPBUSÈT"QBSUJSEFFTF
QFSTPOBMKFSÈSRVJDPIBDJBFMPCSFSPEFQMBOUB NPNFOUP  FNQF[BSPO B RVFNBS DFSÈNJDPT
1FSP FM NBZPS PCTUÈDVMP QBSB BTFHVSBS OVFWBNFOUFZ IBTUBIPZ FMDPSB[ØOEFGÈCSJDB
CVFOBT DPOEJDJPOFT MBCPSBMFT FSB FM NJTNP OPTFEFUJFOF i$PSB[ØOEFGÈCSJDBwFTVOBÈSFB
TJOEJDBUP  RVF FTUBCB NBOFKBEP QPS VO HSVQP EFMBQMBOUBRVFGVODJPOBMBTIPSBT MPT
EF CVSØDSBUBT IBDÓB NÈT EF EJF[ B×PT <y> MB EÓBTEFMB×P

OVFWBDPNJTJØOEFEFMFHBEPTMPHSØEFTBSUJDVMBS %FTQVÏT EF DVBUSP B×PT EF HFTUJØO PCSFSB
FTFQÈOJDPQTJDPMØHJDPZBCSJSPUSBQFSTQFDUJWB Z DVBUSP JOUFOUPT EF EFTBMPKP  mOBMNFOUF MB
QBSBFOUFOEFSMBSFBMJEBE<y> KVTUJDJB UVWP RVF SFDPOPDFS MFHBMNFOUF MB
-BVOJEBE MBPSHBOJ[BDJØOZMBGVFS[BIVNBOB DPPQFSBUJWB  EFTQVÏT EF RVF TF EFDSFUØ MB
EFM HSVQP DSFDJFSPO UFSSJCMFNFOUF  QPSRVF MPT RVJFCSBEFMFNQSFTBSJP
EFMFHBEPT VTBSPO VOB GPSNB EF PSHBOJ[BDJØO %F MPT  <PCSFSPT> RVF TF RVFEBSPO FO
MBBTBNCMFB%FFTUFNPEPJODJUBCBOBUPEPTB MBT DBSQBT SFTJTUJFOEP  IPZ TPO  1VEJFSPO
QBSUJDJQBSFOMBTEFDJTJPOFT<y> DBTJEVQMJDBSMPTQVFTUPTEFUSBCBKP FOVOQBÓT
$VBOEP MB CVSPDSBDJB EFTBQBSFDJØ  MB EPOEFMBTGÈCSJDBTDJFSSBOEJBSJBNFOUFZMBDSJTJT
FNQSFTB RVFFSBRVJFOEJSJHÓBBMBCVSPDSBDJB
 FDPOØNJDBIJ[PEFTBQBSFDFSQSÈDUJDBNFOUFBMB
TBMJØGSPOUBMNFOUFBQFMFBSDPOUSBMPTPCSFSPT DMBTFNFEJB
&M EVF×P EF ;BOØO RVFSÓB DFSSBS MB QMBOUB EF 0SHBOJ[BO UPEB MB QSPEVDDJØO TJO KFGFT 
DFSÈNJDPT FO TVT EPT UFSDFSBT QBSUFT Z EFKBS B USBWÏT EFM NÏUPEP EF BTBNCMFB 5JFOFO
GVODJPOBOEP TPMP FM TFDUPS RVF QSPEVDÓB QSPCMFNBT Z EFTBGÓPT EJBSJPT  QFSP BCSFO MB
QPSDFMBOBUP<y>1BSBMPTPCSFSPTFTPTJHOJmDBCB EJTDVTJØO BM DPOKVOUP Z USBUBO EF UFOFS MPT
RVF TPMP  EF MPT  RVF FNQMFBCB FO FTF NÏUPEPT NÈT EFNPDSÈUJDPT QPTJCMFT B MB IPSB
NPNFOUP MB DPNQB×ÓB JCBO B DPOTFSWBS TVT de decidir.
QVFTUPTEFUSBCBKP<y>
Corazón de fábrica%JTQPOJCMFFOIUUQXXXDEGEPD
-BMVDIBFOUSFMBDPNQB×ÓBZMPTPCSFSPTTF
DPNBS$%'$%'0#3&304%&;"/0/IUN
EJPBCJFSUBNFOUF:MBDPNVOJEBETFFODPMVNOØ <DPOTVMUBEPFM>
EFUSÈT EF MPT DFSBNJTUBT <y> -PT PCSFSPT OP
© Santillana S.A. Permitida su fotocopia solo para uso docente

Actividades

1. 5SBUÈEFWFSMBQFMÓDVMBPBMNFOPTFMUSÈJMFS RVFTFQVFEFEFTDBSHBSEFIUUQXXXDEGEPDDPNBS


$%'$%')0.&IUN
2. -FÏMPTUFYUPTTPCSFMBQFMÓDVMBZTVSPEBKFQSPQJBNFOUFEJDIPT ZUPNÈOPUBEFDØNPMPTEJSFDUPSFT
EFTDSJCFOTVUSBCBKPEØOEFVCJDBSPOMBDÈNBSB DVÈMFTFSBOMPTTPOJEPTRVFMMFHBCBOEFMFYUFSJPS 
DØNPFSBFMQBJTBKFRVFMPTSPEFBCB FUD1FOTÈRVÏSFMBDJØOUJFOFOFTUPTFMFNFOUPTDPOMBIJTUPSJB
RVFFTUÈDPOUBOEPMBQFMÓDVMB1BSBFTP IBDÏVOBTÓOUFTJTEFFTUBIJTUPSJBEFTUBDBOEPTVTQSJODJ-
QBMFTDBSBDUFSÓTUJDBT
3. #VTDÈJOGPSNBDJØOTPCSFFTUFDBTPFOQÈHJOBTRVFOPTFBOMBEFMBQFMÓDVMBOJMBEFMBGÈCSJDB QBSB
WFSRVÏPUSPTFMFNFOUPTQPEÏTTVNBSBMBIJTUPSJBEFTEFPUSPTQVOUPTEFWJTUB
19
Entrevista: Política y humor
4FSHJP-BOHFSZ%BNJÈO4DBMFSBOEJIBCMBOEFMBJNQPSUBODJBRVFUVWPMBSFWJTUBHumorFOMPTB×PTEFMBEJDUBEVSBNJMJUBS&O
FTUPTUFYUPTTFQVFEFFODPOUSBSNÈTJOGPSNBDJØOTPCSFFTBQVCMJDBDJØOZTVTDPOGMJDUPTDPOFMHPCJFSOPEFFOUPODFT
&OFMUFYUPEFFTUBQÈHJOB "OESÏT$BTDJPMJ GVOEBEPSZEJSFDUPSEFHumor OPTIBCMBEFMBSFWJTUB

1BSFDFVOJNQPTJCMFFOMB"SHFOUJOBFYJTUJØ QPSRVFFSBOOFOFT<y>w
VOBSFWJTUBDVMUVSBMRVFMMFHØBWFOEFSNJM o{&O RVÏ NPNFOUP TF EJP DVFOUB EF RVF
FKFNQMBSFT /P TPMP FTP MP IJ[P FOGSFOUBOEP con HumorQBTBCBBMHPJNQPSUBOUF
B MB EJDUBEVSB NJMJUBS  SFEPCMBOEP MB BQVFTUB  o$VBOEP FNQF[BNPT B SFDJCJS DVBSFOUB
EJDJFOEPEFTEFFMIVNPSMPRVFOBEJFDSFÓBRVF DBSUBTQPSEÓBEFUPEPFMQBÓT:DVBOEPOPTEJNPT
UPMFSBSÓBMBDFOTVSB DPOUBQBTRVFDBSJDBUVSJ[BCBO DVFOUBEFRVFQPEÓBNPTTFHVJSBWBO[BOEP BVO
B MPT HFOFSBMFT EF UVSOP $PO FM UJFNQP  BRVFM TBCJFOEPDØNPIBCÓBSFBDDJPOBEP)BSHVJOEFHVZ
GFOØNFOP RVF GVF MB SFWJTUB )VNPS TF WPMWJØ $VBOEPUFOÓBNPTVOQSPCMFNB WPMWÓBNPTBUSÈT
BSUÓDVMP EF DPMFDDJØO <y> "IPSB FM EJSFDUPS EF ZVTÈCBNPTBMBGBSÈOEVMB%FTQVÏTWPMWÓBNPT
BRVFMMB QVCMJDBDJØO  "OESÏT $BTDJPMJ <y>  FEJUØ BMPTNJMJUBSFT NF[DMÈOEPMPTDPOMBGBSÈOEVMB 
FMMJCSPLa revista Humor y la dictadura, donde ZBTÓ&SBQFOTBSUPEPFMUJFNQPDØNPTFQPEÓBO
SFDPQJMBMPNFKPSEFBRVFMMPTB×PT<y> EFDJS MBT DPTBT  DØNP HBNCFUFBS B MB DFOTVSB 
-B DVJEBEB FEJDJØO EF La revista Humor y FTFFSBOVFTUSPUSBCBKP:EFTQVÏTBMHVOPTDPNP
la dictadura<y>USBFVOBZBQBJOUFSFTBOUFMB 7JVUJ P <3PCFSUP> 'POUBOBSSPTB USBÓBO MP RVF
SFFEJDJØO EFM GBNPTP OÞNFSP   TFDVFTUSBEP MFT SFDIB[BCBO QPS BVUPDFOTVSB FO Clarín, por
QPS MB EJDUBEVSB FO FOFSP EF  i<$SJTUJOP> FKFNQMP
/JDPMBJEFTFYQMJDØQPSRVÏMBUBQBFSBPGFOTJWB o3FTQFDUPEFMGBNPTPTFDVFTUSPEFMOÞNFSP
ÏM BQBSFDÓB DBSJDBUVSJ[BEP TPCSF VOB QBUJOFUB    MMBNB MB BUFODJØO RVF BOUFT IVCJFSBO
DBZÏOEPTFDPOMB+VTUJDJBBUSÈT:FOFMKVJDJPEJKP QBTBEPUBQBTNÈTDPNQSPNFUJEBT
RVFFSBJNQPTJCMFRVFVOHFOFSBMEFMBOBDJØO o&T RVF TF DBOTBSPO &OUSF MPT NJMJUBSFT
OPEPNJOFVOBQBUJOFUBw DVFOUB$BTDJPMJ<y> IBCÓBVOHSVQPRVFJOTJTUÓBUPEPFMUJFNQPFO
i-PT QSJNFSPT RVF QVTJNPT MB DBSB  RVF OPT QSPIJCJSMBZPUSPHSVQPRVFMPQBSØ&OPDUVCSF
KVHBNPT FM DVFSP  GVJNPT MPT EJCVKBOUFT <y> EFMJOUFOUBSPODFSSBSMB ZMPTRVFTFPQVTJFSPO
%FTQVÏT TF TVNBSPO MPT QFSJPEJTUBTw  NBSDB GVFSPOMPTQPMÓUJDPT<y>&OFMOPBHVBOUBSPO
i:PMFTBCSÓMBTQVFSUBTVOQPDPBQFEJEPEFMB NÈT Z GVFSPO B TFDVFTUSBS DVBMRVJFSB  MB RVF
HFOUF QPSRVFMBTDBSUBTEFMFDUPSFTJOTJTUÓBOFO UPDØ 4F MPHSØ JNQSJNJS  NJM FKFNQMBSFT  Z
RVFMFTEJÏSBNPTFTQBDJPBMPTRVFUFOÓBORVF NJMRVFJCBOBM*OUFSJPSGVFSPOQBSBEPTQPS
EFOVODJBSDPTBT<y>w MBQPMJDÓB
&M PUSP QVOUP TPCSF FM RVF $BTDJPMJ TJFOUB […] HumorOPFSBVOBSFWJTUBEFJ[RVJFSEB
QPTUVSB FT QPS RVÏ MB EJDUBEVSB UPMFSØ OJDPNVOJTUB&SBVOBSFWJTUBRVFEFGFOEÓBMPT
VOB SFWJTUB DPNP Humor i"IPSB BMHVOPT EFSFDIPT IVNBOPT Z MB EFNPDSBDJB /VODB
QFSJPEJTUBTTFBUSFWFOBEFDJSRVFMBEJDUBEVSB BMBCBNPT B 'JEFM <$BTUSP> OJ BM $IF (VFWBSB 
OFDFTJUBCBVOBSFWJTUBBTÓ{2VÏOFDFTJUBCB `-B OJOPTKVHBNPTQPSMBJ[RVJFSEBJOUFSOBDJPOBM
EJDUBEVSBFTUBCBMPDB&OVOBSFVOJØOFO$BTB %FDÓBNPTMPRVFQBTBCB
3PTBEB <"MCBOP>)BSHVJOEFHVZUJSØVOBHumor
FO MB NFTB Z EJKP A5FOFNPT RVF NBUBSMPT B MICHELETTO ,BSJOBi/VFTUSPUSBCBKPGVFQFOTBSDØNP
HBNCFUFBSBMBDFOTVSBw EJBSJPPágina/12 NJÏSDPMFTEF
UPEPT"IPSBNVDIPTTFBVUPKVTUJmDBOQPSRVF KVOJPEF%JTQPOJCMFFOIUUQXXXQBHJOBDPN
NJFOUSBT OPTPUSPT IBDÓBNPT Humor, ellos no BSEJBSJPDVMUVSBIUNM<DPOTVMUBEPFM
IJDJFSPO OBEB 0USPT IBCMBO QPS JHOPSBODJB  >
© Santillana S.A. Permitida su fotocopia solo para uso docente

Actividades

1. #VTDÈFO*OUFSOFUMBJNBHFOEFMBUBQBEFVOFKFNQMBSEFMBSFWJTUBHumorPVOFKFNQMBSEFMBSFWJT-
UBFOQBQFM QSFGFSFOUFNFOUFEFMBÏQPDBEFMBEJDUBEVSBNJMJUBS'JKBUFRVJÏOFTUÈSFQSFTFOUBEPFO
MBJNBHFO FORVÏTJUVBDJØO DVÈMFTTPOMPTUÓUVMPTQSJODJQBMFT)BDÏVOBMJTUBDPOMPRVFWBTWJFOEP
ZMFZFOEP
2. "QBSUJSEFMPRVFBOPUBTUF JOWFTUJHÈBRVÏIFDIPTTFSFmFSFOFTPTUÓUVMPTZCVTDÈJOGPSNBDJØOTPCSFFMMPT
3. %FTQVÏTmKBUFRVÏQPTJDJØOUPNBMBSFWJTUBQBSBDPOUBSRVÏDPTBTJFTUÈEFBDVFSEP TJFTUÈFODPO-
USB RVÏDSJUJDBZRVÏFMFNFOUPTVUJMJ[BQBSBEFNPTUSBSFMBDVFSEPPFMEFTBDVFSEP
20
-PTEPDVNFOUPTEFFTUBQÈHJOB QVCMJDBEPTFOFMEJBSJPFTQB×PMEl País FYQMJDBOFMDPOnJDUPRVFMMFWØBMTFDVFTUSPEFMB
edición de Humor.

&M HPCJFSOP NJMJUBS BSHFOUJOP EJTQVTP QPS &O FM JOUFSJPS  CBKP FM UÓUVMP i-B KVTUJDJB
EFDSFUP FM TFDVFTUSP EF MB ÞMUJNB FEJDJØO EF MB DPOEFOBEBw  SFWFMBCB FM EJÈMPHP RVF IBCSÓBO
SFWJTUB Humor  MB EF NBZPS EJGVTJØO Z WFOUB TPTUFOJEP FM BVEJUPS EFM &KÏSDJUP  HFOFSBM -ØQF[
FO FM QBÓT  RVF JODMVÓB FO VOB EF TVT OPUBT MB %PNÓOHVF[ DPOFMEJNJUJEPKVF[1FESP/BSWÈJ[ 
SFQSPEVDDJØO EFM BNFOB[BOUF EJÈMPHP RVF Z FO FM RVF FM NJMJUBS MF BEWFSUÓB RVF FTUBCB
NBOUVWPFMFYKVF[1FESP/BSWÈJ[DPOVOHFOFSBM ZFOEPEFNBTJBEPMFKPTFOTVTJOWFTUJHBDJPOFT
EFM &KÏSDJUP &O MPT FYUFOTPT DPOTJEFSBOEPT
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© Santillana S.A. Permitida su fotocopia solo para uso docente

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Actividades

4. *OWFTUJHÈDØNPGVFBQBSFDJFOEPFMUFNBEFMPTEFSFDIPTIVNBOPTFOMPTNFEJPTBSHFOUJOPT$POFTB
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21
SECCIÓN 4 Derechos humanos y democracia

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© Santillana S.A. Permitida su fotocopia solo para uso docente

Actividades

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22
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© Santillana S.A. Permitida su fotocopia solo para uso docente

Actividades

1. {2VÏFTMB.BSDIBEFMB3FTJTUFODJBZQPSRVÏTFSFBMJ[B 
2. #VTDÈFONFEJPTQFSJPEÓTUJDPTBUVBMDBODF HSÈmDPTVonline
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23
Entrevista: Rock, política y sociedad
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Actividades

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24
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© Santillana S.A. Permitida su fotocopia solo para uso docente

Actividades

1. {$VÈMFTTPO BKVJDJPEFMBBVUPSB MPTQVOUPTEFDPOUBDUPZMBTEJGFSFODJBTFOUSFMPTKØWFOFTEFTB-


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25
Rockola
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Actividades

1. #VTDÈQVOUPTEFDPOUBDUPFOUSFIFDIPTZQFSTPOBKFTNFODJPOBEPTFOFTUBFOUSFWJTUBZFOFMSFQPS-
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26
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27
Cineclub
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OPTPUSPT6ODMJNBEFUFOTJØO VOTFOUJNJFOUP EFTQMJFHBVOBTFSJFEFJOTUJUVDJPOFTZDPOUSPWFS-
EFEFTFTQFSBO[BZFMNJFEPBRVFUPEPQVEJFSB TJBTBDFSDBEFDVÈMFTFMNFKPSNPEPEFMJEJBS
TFS BÞO QFPS FSBO NPOFEB DPSSJFOUF 1BSB FTB DPOFTPTWJPMFOUPT
ÏQPDB ZP ZB IBCÓB FNQF[BEP B WJBKBSVOQPDP 4PO DPNVOFT MBT EJTDVTJPOFT BDFSDB EF MPT
BM FYUFSJPS Z PCTFSWBCB VOB DJFSUB JODFSUJEVN- NFDBOJTNPT RVF EFCFNPT QPTFFS DPNP TPDJF-
CSFFOFMNVOEPFOHFOFSBM/PFTUPZIBCMBOEP EBEQBSBQFOBMJ[BSFTPTIFDIPT ZFTDPNÞOFT-
FOUÏSNJOPTQPMÓUJDPT TJOPTPCSFMBWJEBDPNÞO  DVDIBSDPOEFOBTNÈTWJPMFOUBTRVFMPTIFDIPT
EFUPEPTMPTEÓBT4FOUÓBVOBJOEJGFSFODJBNVUVB NJTNPT&MEFCBUFTPCSFMBQFOBEFNVFSUFQBS-
EFUSÈTEFMBTTPOSJTBTNÈTBUFOUBTZUVWFMBBHP- UJDJQBEFFTUBTiTPMVDJPOFTwZDPOTUJUVZFTVMÓNJ-
CJBOUF JNQSFTJØO  DBEB WF[ NÈT GSFDVFOUF  EF UFMBTPMVDJØOEFMQSPCMFNBQPSMBFMJNJOBDJØO
RVFFTUBCBFOQSFTFODJBEFHFOUFRVFOPTBCÓB EFMWJPMFOUPQSPNFUFMBOPSFQSPEVDDJØOEFPUSP
SFBMNFOUFQPSRVÏWJWÓBw IFDIPWJPMFOUP BMNFOPTEFNBOPTEFFTFTV-
"TÓEFTDSJCF,S[ZT[UPG,JFTMPXTLJFMDPOUFYUP KFUP ZTFQSFTFOUBDPNPVOBiBEWFSUFODJBwDPO
EPOEFFNQF[ØBQFOTBSMBPCSBDecálogo, una TVmDJFOUFQPEFSDPNPQBSBRVFPUSPTWJPMFOUPT
TFSJF EF EJF[ USBCBKPT QBSB UFMFWJTJØO EF VOB FTUÏO BUFOUPT B MBT QPTJCMFT DPOTFDVFODJBT EF
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No matarásUSBOTDVSSFFOVOB7BSTPWJBHSJT  NBUBSÈTwPQFSBDPNPMÓNJUFTPCSFMBBDDJØOEF
WBDÓB QPCSFZUSJTUF MBWJPMFODJBEFVOTVKFUP FTNBOEBUPBMSFTQFUP
"MMÓ VOKPWFOEFPB×PT TJOQFSTQFDUJ- EFM DVSTP EF MB WJEB EF PUSP -B WJPMFODJB QSF-
WBT TJOGVUVSP BSSBTUSBOEPVOBDPOEFOBGBNJMJBS TFOUF FO MB FMJNJOBDJØO EF PUSP TVKFUP QVFEF
EFM QBTBEP  BDUÞB TJO NFEJS MBT DPOTFDVFODJBT QFOTBSTF NÈT BMMÈ EFM EPMPS P EFM TVGSJNJFOUP
EFTVTBDUPT&MmMNDVFOUBVOBUFSSJCMFZBMBWF[ BMRVFTFMPTPNFUFQBSBEBSMFNVFSUF&TVOB
GBNJMJBSTJUVBDJØODØNPFTUFKPWFOBTFTJOBBVO FTQFDJFEFWJPMFODJBQSFTFOUFFOMBEFDJTJØOTP-
UBYJTUBCSVUBMNFOUF QPSMPRVFFTFODBSDFMBEPZ CSFMBWJEBEFPUSP%BSMBNVFSUFoPRVJUBSMB
TFMFEBMBDPOEFOBNÈYJNBMBQFOBEFNVFS- WJEBoSFQSFTFOUBVOBDUPEFWJPMFODJBEPOEFTF
UF4JOEFNBTJBEBTTF×BMFTRVFKVTUJmRVFOPFY- KVFHBMBOFHBDJØOEFVOGVUVSP DIBODF QPTJCJ-
QMJRVFOFTUBBDDJØO MBQFMÓDVMBQVFEFTFSMFÓEB MJEBEPJOUFSSPHBDJØOTPCSFMPRVFMBWJEBEFFTF
EFTEFMBJSSBDJPOBMJEBEEFMBWJPMFODJBQSFTFOUF PUSPQVFEFTFS"TÓDPNPQBSBVODPOEFOBEPB
FOOVFTUSBTTPDJFEBEFT ZBMBWF[EFTEFMBSBDJP- NVFSUFOPIBZiMFDDJØOwPiDPSSFDUJWPwQPTJCMF 
OBMZWJPMFOUBTPMVDJØORVFBMHVOBTTPDJFEBEFT DVBOEPTFRVJUBMBWJEBEFMNPEPRVFTFBTFJO-
QPTFFOQBSBFTUPTBDUPTEFWJPMFODJB UFSSVNQFEFNPEPBSCJUSBSJPVODVSTP TFDJFSSB
&OOVFTUSPTEÓBT FOOVFTUSBTDPUJEJBOBTWJ- VODBNJOP TFiGVFS[BwVOEFTUJOP<y>
EBT  MPT NFEJPT EF DPNVOJDBDJØO OPT FOGSFO-
UBO DPOUJOVBNFOUF DPO IFDIPT Z TJUVBDJPOFT SERRA, 4JMWJBiNo matarás4VHFSFODJBTQBSBVOBMFDUVSB
EFTEFMBQSPCMFNÈUJDBEFMBWJPMFODJBw"SDIJWPGÓMNJDP
WJPMFOUBT BTFTJOBUPT  WJPMBDJPOFT  DSÓNFOFT 
QFEBHØHJDP%JTQPOJCMFFOIUUQXXXCVFOPTBJSFTHPW
TJUVBDJPOFTRVFWJPMFOUBOOVFTUSBTDPOEJDJPOFT BSBSFBTFEVDBDJPODFQBOPNBUBSBTQIQ<DPOTVMUBEPFM
EF FYJTUFODJB -B QPTJCJMJEBE EF JOEJWJEVBMJ[BS
© Santillana S.A. Permitida su fotocopia solo para uso docente
>

Actividades

1. {2VÏMFDUVSBIBDFMBBVUPSBTPCSFMBDPOWFOJFODJBPVUJMJEBEEFMBQFOBEFNVFSUF
2. {2VÏQBSFDFQFOTBS,JFTMPXTLJEFMBQFOBEFNVFSUF {&TUÈEFBDVFSEPDPOMPRVFFMEJSFDUPSNVFT-
USBFOMBQFMÓDVMB 
3. -BTJUVBDJØONPTUSBEBFOFMmMN {QVFEFTFSBOÈMPHBBMPRVFTVDFEFFOOVFTUSBDPNVOJEBE {1PSRVÏ
4. *OWFTUJHÈFOMPTNFEJPTQFSJPEÓTUJDPTFMUFNBEFMBWJPMFODJB TVGPSNBEFBQBSJDJØOFOFMEJTDVSTP
NFEJÈUJDPZMBTQSPQVFTUBTQBSBFWJUBSMB
28
Entre los muros (Laurent Cantet, Francia, 2008). {'JDDJØOEPDVNFOUBM {%PDVNFOUBM "QBSUJSEFVOJOUFSFTBOUFDSVDFFOUSFEPT
SFHJTUSPT MBQFMÓDVMBQMBOUFBVOBQSPEVDUJWBSFnFYJØOTPCSFFOTF×BSZBQSFOEFS

4ÓTJGP SFZEF&mSB NPMFTUØBMPTEJPTFTQPS SFTZDPNQFUFODJBT-BDMBTF DPNPFMNVOEP 


TVFYUSBPSEJOBSJBBTUVDJB&TUPTMPDPOEFOBSPO FTVOFTQBDJPDPNQMFKP
BFNQVKBSQFSQFUVBNFOUFVOQF×BTDPNPOUB- <y>'SBOÎPJT.BSJOFOTF×BMFOHVBZEBTJH-
×B BSSJCB 6OB WF[ FO MB DÞTQJEF  FM QF×BTDP OJmDBEP B DBEB QBMBCSB  IVNBOJ[B FM NVOEP
DBÓB SPEBOEP IBTUB FM WBMMF *OEFmOJEBNFOUF  B QBSUJS EFM MFOHVBKF -PT BMVNOPT BDFQUBO P
4ÓTJGPWPMWÓBBTVCJSMBNPOUB×B"MCFSU$BNVT SFDIB[BO TVT QSJODJQJPT /VODB TF SFTVFMWF
SFUPNØFMNJUPEF4ÓTJGPQBSBIBCMBSEFMPTFT- OBEBQPSRVFFMBDUPEFBQSFOEJ[BKFOPGVODJP-
GVFS[PTJOÞUJMFTEFMIPNCSFNPEFSOPRVFDPO- OB DPNP VOB EJTDJQMJOB  TJOP DPNP VOB FYQF-
TVNFTVWJEBFOVONVOEPMBCPSBMRVFMPEFT- SJFODJB WJUBM 1BSB DBQUVSBS FTUB FYQFSJFODJB 
IVNBOJ[B " QFTBS EF RVF FM UFYUP EF $BNVT -BVSFOU$BOUFUUFKFVOJOUFSFTBOUFEJTQPTJUJWP
SFTQPOEFBMPTQPTUVMBEPTEFMFYJTUFODJBMJTNP  &M QVOUP EF QBSUJEB FT VO SFMBUP SFBM FTDSJUP
MBJEFBNPEFSOBEFMNJUPEF4ÓTJGPFTGÈDJMNFO- FO  QPS 'SBOÎPJT #ÏHBVEFBV  QSPGFTPS EF
UFFYUSBQPMBCMFBMBmHVSBEF'SBOÎPJT.BSJO FM JOTUJUVUP &O FM MJCSP <y> MB MJUFSBUVSB TF DPO-
QSPGFTPSEF&OUSFMPTNVSPTEF-BVSFOU$BOUFU WJFSUFFOEPDVNFOUP FOUSBOTDSJQDJØOEFVOB
'SBOÎPJT FOTF×B GSBODÏT FO VO JOTUJUVUP EF MB FYQFSJFODJB-BQFMÓDVMBOPGVODJPOBDPNPVOB
banlieue QBSJTJOB 4VT BMVNOPT OP FOUJFOEFO BEBQUBDJØO  TJOP DPNP VO FKFSDJDJP JOTQJSBEP
QPSRVÏMFTFYQMJDBFMQSFTFOUFEFTVCKVOUJWPTJ FO TVT QÈHJOBT &M QSPGFTPS SFBM BTVNF DPNP
FMMPTOPMPVUJMJ[BODVBOEPIBCMBO'SBOÎPJTOP BDUPS FM QBQFM EF NBFTUSP  NJFOUSBT RVF VOPT
QVFEF QFSEFS MPT OFSWJPT BOUF MBT RVJTRVJMMP- BMVNOPTJOUFSQSFUBOTVQSPQJPSPM-BDMBTFSFBM
TBTEFMFHBEBTEFMBDMBTF OJQVFEFFKFSDFSEF TFDPOWJFSUFFOVOBDMBTFEFmDDJØO DPOUFNQMB-
BCPHBEP CVFOP FO MPT DPOTFKPT EF EJTDJQMJOB EBQPSUSFTDÈNBSBTRVFQSFUFOEFODBQUVSBSMPT
EFM JOTUJUVUP &T VO 4ÓTJGP NPEFSOP FODFSSBEP TFOUJNJFOUPTZMBTDPOUSBEJDDJPOFTRVFHFOFSB
FOMBTQBSFEFTEFVOJOTUJUVUPEFMTJHMP XXIRVF FMQBTPEFMUJFNQPEVSBOUFVODVSTPFTDPMBS&M
EFCF SFDPOPDFS RVF  B QFTBS EF TVT FTGVFS[PT WBMPSEPDVNFOUBMEFMBFYQFSJFODJBTJSWFQBSB
QPSSFNPOUBSMBEJGÓDJMQFOEJFOUF BMmOBMUPEP EBSTFOUJEPBMBDPUJEJBOJEBE NJFOUSBTRVFMB
TFEFTWBOFDF{&TFTUF4ÓTJGPNPEFSOPFMQSPUP- mDDJØODPOTUSVZFMBTFHVOEBQBSUFEFMBQFMÓDV-
UJQPEFMPTQSPGFTPSFTBDUVBMFT  MB VOSFMBUPESBNÈUJDPTPCSFVOBMVNOPBNF-
6OPEFMPTHSBOEFTQSPCMFNBTEFMBTQFMÓ- OB[BEPEFFYQVMTJØOQPSFM$POTFKPEFEJTDJQMJ-
DVMBTTPCSFJOTUJUVUPTSFTJEFFORVFTVTQSPUB- OB-BDMBTFOPFTOJmDDJØO OJSFBMJEBETJOPVO
HPOJTUBT OVODB TPO 4ÓTJGPT TJOP IÏSPFT NÓUJDPT BQBTJPOBOUFSFMBUPSFBMRVFOPTEFNVFTUSBRVF
DBQBDFTEFTVQFSBSUPEBTMBTEJmDVMUBEFT3PCJO QBSBFOUFOEFSFMNVOEPEPOEFWJWJNPTFTQSF-
8JMMJBNTFOTF×BCBFMcarpe diemTVCJÏOEPTFB DJTPEBSWJTJCJMJEBEBOVFTUSPTJOTUJUVUPT
MBTNFTBT <y>Entre los murosEF-BVSFOU$BO-
UFUQBSUFEFMBJEFBEFRVFVOBCVFOBQFMÓDVMB QUINTANA, «OHFMi4ÓTJGPFOTF×BFOMPTJOTUJUVUPT«OHFM
TPCSF JOTUJUVUPT OP FT MB RVF QSPQBHB WBMPSFT 2VJOUBOBFTDSJCFTPCSFEntre murosw
4VQMFNFOUPi$VMUVSBTwEFLa Vanguardia #BSDFMPOB 
TJOPMBRVFNVFTUSBMBTDPTBTUBMDPNPTPO&O GFCSFSPEF%JTQPOJCMFFOIUUQUSBNBTnBDTPPSH
FMMB FMNBFTUSPOVODBQVFEFBTVNJSMBDPOEJ- BSBSUJDVMPTTJTJGPFOTFOBFOMPTJOTUJUVUPTBOHFMRVJOUBOB
DJØOEFIÏSPFQFSPMBDMBTFUBNQPDPQVFEFTFS FTDSJCFTPCSFFOUSFNVSPT
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© Santillana S.A. Permitida su fotocopia solo para uso docente

Actividades

1. *OWFTUJHÈFO*OUFSOFUDØNPTFIJ[PFTUBQFMÓDVMB QSPGVOEJ[BOEPMPRVFEJDF2VJOUBOBFOFMUFYUP


2. *EFOUJmDÈFOMBQFMÓDVMBMBTDBSBDUFSÓTUJDBTEFEPDVNFOUBMRVFUJFOFZMPTFMFNFOUPTEFmDDJØO1BSB
FMMPMFÏFMEPDVNFOUPEFMBQÈHJOBZUBNCJÏO CVTDÈJOGPSNBDJØOFOFTUPTTJUJPT
IUUQFTXJLJQFEJBPSHXJLJ%PDVNFOUBM
IUUQXXXVIVFTDJOFFEVDBDJPODJOFZFEVDBDJPOHMPTBSJPDJOFIUN
3. {2VÏJNQPSUBODJBDSFÏTRVFUJFOFFMVTPEFFTUPTFMFNFOUPTEFMEPDVNFOUBM {2VÏBQPSUFTMFEBB
MBQFMÓDVMBTFHÞOUVQSPQJBBQSFDJBDJØO
4. {5FTFOUJTUFJEFOUJmDBEPDPOBMHVOBTTJUVBDJPOFT {1PSRVÏ
29
Garage Olimpo (Marco Bechis, Argentina/Italia/Francia,1999). {$ØNPTFmMNBVOBmDDJØOBQBSUJSEFVOIFDIPSFBMZ BEFNÈT 
EPMPSPTP &MEJSFDUPSIBCMBEFTVQFMÓDVMBZSFWFMBEFUBMMFTEFTVUSBCBKPDPNPSFBMJ[BEPSFOFTUBFOUSFWJTUBSFBMJ[BEBDPONPUJWP
EFMFTUSFOP

&O BCSJM   .BSDP #FDIJT oOBDJEP FO RVFZBOPEFWVFMWFOJOHÞOTFOUJEPEFWFSEBE


$IJMF EFQBESFJUBMJBOPZNBESFDIJMFOB<y>o .J QSPCMFNB DFOUSBM  FO UPEP DBTP  FSB EJTDV-
FTUVEJBCB NBHJTUFSJP FO FM .BSJBOP "DPTUB EF UJS TFWFSBNFOUF oDPO NJ DBNFSBNBO  3BNJSP
#VFOPT "JSFT Z FSB NJMJUBOUF EF CBTF $PNP B $JWJUBoRVÏTFWFZRVÏOPTFEFCFWFSFODBEB
UBOUPT PUSPT  MB EJDUBEVSB NJMJUBS MP TFDVFTUSØ  FTDFOB FODVBMRVJFSFTDFOB ZTPCSFUPEPFOMBT
QFSPTVQBTBQPSUFJUBMJBOPMPTBMWØEFMPTWVF- NÈTEJGÓDJMFT BRVFMMBTRVFUJFOFORVFWFSDPO
MPT EF MB NVFSUF %VSBOUF RVJODF EÓBT FTUVWP MBTUPSUVSBT<y>
EFTBQBSFDJEPFOFMDBNQPEFDPODFOUSBDJØOMMB- &O FTUF DBTP  USBUÈOEPTF EF MPT EFTBQBSF-
NBEPFM$MVC"UMÏUJDP EF1BTFP$PMØOZ+VBOEF DJEPT  EF HFOUF WFOEBEB  IBCÓB RVF USBUBS MB
(BSBZ IBTUBRVFGVFFYQVMTBEPB*UBMJB EPOEF JNBHFOEFTEFMPRVFOPTFWF5PEPTFTUÈCBNPT
TFSBEJDØ"QBSUJSEFBRVFMMBUFSSJCMFFYQFSJFO- DPOWFODJEPTEFRVFUPEPBRVFMMPRVFOPTFWF
DJB #FDIJTSFBMJ[ØGarage Olimpo […]. TFJNBHJOB ZDVBOUPNÈTTFJNBHJOBNÈTQP-
o)BZVOHSBEPEFWFSEBEFOMBQFMÓDVMBRVF UFOUFFTFMNFOTBKF<y>
OPUJFOFRVFWFSOFDFTBSJBNFOUFDPOMBSFDPOT- o&T QBSUJDVMBSNFOUF FYQSFTJWP FM VTP RVF
USVDDJØOIJTUØSJDB{$ØNPGVFTVNBOFSBEFUSB- IBDFEFMTPOJEPy
CBKP o%JHBNPTRVFTJIBZBMHPBVUPCJPHSÈmDPFO
o&MIFDIPEFRVFMPTBDUPSFTTFBOUPEPTKØ- FMmMNFTFMTPOJEP/PQPSRVFIBZBFTDVDIBEP
WFOFT Z DBTJ EFTDPOPDJEPT  QPS MP NFOPT BDÈ  FTBT DBODJPOFT FO QBSUJDVMBS  RVF TF FTDVDIBO
NF QFSNJUJØ USBCBKBS EF VOB NBOFSB NVZ MJ- QPS SBEJP EVSBOUF MB QFMÓDVMB  TJOP QPSRVF FM
CSF5SBCBKÏTJOHVJØO PNFKPSEJDIP ZPUFOÓB TPOJEPFTFMÞOJDPSFHJTUSPQFSTPOBMRVFUFOHP
FMHVJØO RVFJCBDBNCJBOEPDPOTUBOUFNFOUF  .JFOUSBTFTUVWFFOFM$MVC"UMÏUJDPFTUVWFUPEP
IBTUB FM mOBM EFM SPEBKF
 QFSP MPT BDUPSFT OP FMUJFNQPWFOEBEP&MÞOJDPNPNFOUPFORVF
FMMPTOPTBCÓBOMPRVFMFTJCBBQBTBSBDBEBVOP NFQVEFTBDBSMBWFOEBZ FOMBEFTFTQFSBDJØO 
EFTVTQFSTPOBKFT<y>:PRVFSÓBRVFMBQFMÓDVMB QVEFWFSBUSBWÏTEFMBSFKBEFNJDFMEB WJMP
GVFSBEJGFSFOUF<y>1PSMPDVBMmMNÏFODPOUJ- RVF EFTQVÏT TF USBOTGPSNØ FO MB FTDFOPHSBGÓB
OVJEBE EFMBQSJNFSBBMBÞMUJNBFTDFOB"TV EFMBQFMÓDVMB BUSBWÏTEFVOEJCVKPFOFMRVF
WF[ MPTBDUPSFTOPFOTBZBSPOFTDFOBTDPODSFUBT  SFDPOTUSVÓFMMVHBSEPOEFIBCÓBFTUBEP/PUVWF
QFSPUFOÓBOVOBQSFQBSBDJØOTPCSFFMQFSTPOBKF PUSBTFYQFSJFODJBTWJTVBMFT-PÞOJDPRVFSFDPS-
RVFSFQSFTFOUBCBO1PSFKFNQMPMPTRVFIBDFO EBCB Z BIPSB ZB OP MP SFDVFSEP NÈT  QPSRVF
EFNJMJUBSFTIBCÓBOIFDIPVONFTZNFEJPEF EFQPTJUÏUPEBTNJTNFNPSJBTFOMBQFMÓDVMB
FSB
FOUSFOBNJFOUPNJMJUBS<y> VOB DJFSUB TPOPSJEBE  RVF USBUÏ EF SFDPOTUSVJS
o{$ØNPTFQMBOUFØMBQVFTUBFOFTDFOB FOMBCBOEBEFTPOJEPMBSBEJP MPTHPMFT MBDP-
o<y> &O SFBMJEBE  Garage Olimpo FT NÈT UJEJBOFJEBE RVF WVFMWF NVDIP NÈT ESBNÈUJDB
VOEPDVNFOUBMEFMBFYQFSJFODJBWJWJEBFOVO MBTJUVBDJØO
DBNQP EF DPODFOUSBDJØO SFDPOTUSVJEP RVF MB
QVFTUBFOFTDFOBEFVOUFYUP RVFTFSÓBFMDBNJ- MONTEAGUDO -VDJBOPi&TUPPDVSSJØFOFTUFQBÓTw FO
Página/12 NJÏSDPMFTEFTFQUJFNCSFEF
OPDMÈTJDP&OFTUFTFOUJEP DSFPRVFFTPEJPSF-
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TVMUBEPTEJGFSFOUFTGSFOUFBVODJOFBSUJmDJPTP  QBHIUN<DPOTVMUBEPFM>

© Santillana S.A. Permitida su fotocopia solo para uso docente

Actividades

1. 4FHÞOFMUFYUP {RVÏFTMPRVFNÈTMFJOUFSFTBUSBOTNJUJSBMEJSFDUPS


2. {$VÈMFTTPOMPTSFDVSTPTRVFVUJMJ[BQBSBEBSVOBTFOTBDJØOiEFWFSEBEw
3. {2VÏDPTBTEFTVQSPQJBFYQFSJFODJBSFTDBUØQBSBDPOUBSFOMBQFMÓDVMB {$ØNPMBTFYQSFTØ
4. {1PSRVÏFMJHJØOPNPTUSBSEFUFSNJOBEBTFTDFOBT
5. 7PMWÏBSFMFFSFTUFUFTUJNPOJP FMEF1JOP4PMBOBTZFMEFMPTEJSFDUPSFTEFCorazón de fábrica{&O-
DPOUSÈTBMHÞOQVOUPFODPNÞOFOUSFFMMPT {&ORVÏBTVOUPTDPJODJEFOZFODVÈMFTTFEJGFSFODJBO
6. {1PESÓBTBQMJDBSFOFTUFUFYUPTPCSFVOBmDDJØOBMHVOBTEFMBTDPOTJEFSBDJPOFTRVFIBDF3BÞM#FDFZSP
TPCSFFMDJOFEPDVNFOUBM
30
La dignidad de los nadies (Fernando Solanas, Argentina, 2005). &OFTUFUFYUP FMSFBMJ[BEPSFYQMJDBQPSRVÏRVJTPmMNBSFTUB
QFMÓDVMBZDØNPMPIJ[P&MNBUFSJBMTJSWFQBSBDPOPDFSFMUSBCBKPEFVOEJSFDUPSEFDJOFZSFDPOPDFSMBTDBSBDUFSÓTUJDBTEFMDJOF
EPDVNFOUBMEFMBTRVFIBCMB#FDFZSP

La dignidad de los nadiesTFDPODJCJØBQBSUJS HÏOFSPT ZBMDPOUBSIFDIPTFIJTUPSJBTEFQFS-


EFMBDBUÈTUSPGFTPDJBMRVFMB"SHFOUJOBWJWJØB TPOBKFTTFBDFSDBBMBmDDJØO&OLa dignidad…
DPNJFO[PTEFMTJHMP XXIEFEFTPDVQBEPTZ CVTRVÏGVTJPOBSHÏOFSPT BDFSDBSIFDIPTSFB-
EFQPCSFTFJOEJHFOUFT<y>-BUSBHFEJBNF MFTBMSFMBUPOBSSBUJWP VTBSQSPDFEJNJFOUPTEFM
FNQVKØBIBDFSNFNPSJBDPOUSBFMPMWJEP-PT EPDVNFOUBMDPOMPTEFMBmDDJØOPEFMDJOFEF
NÈT KØWFOFT QSFHVOUBCBO RVÏ IBCÓB TVDFEJEP FOTBZP <y> 6O DJOF EF GVTJØO MJCSF BZVEBEP
<y>  FSB OFDFTBSJP USBFS MBT JNÈHFOFT EF FTB QPS MBT WFOUBKBT RVF CSJOEBO MBT OVFWBT UFD-
IJTUPSJBZDPMPDBSMBTFOTVDPOUFYUP"TÓOBDJF- OPMPHÓBToQFRVF×BTDÈNBSBTEJHJUBMFTZNJDSØ-
ron Memoria del saqueo 
 <y> Z La GPOPToEBOEPQBTPBVOBSFOPWBDJØOGPSNBMZ
dignidad de los nadies  DPOTUSVJEB DPO SFMBUPT UFNÈUJDB<y>
FIJTUPSJBTEFBMHVOPTQSPUBHPOJTUBTEFMBSFTJT- <y> IF USBUBEP EF IBDFS VO SFUSBUP TPDJBM
UFODJBTPDJBM<y> RVF SFDVQFSF MB SJRVF[B BOUSPQPMØHJDB EF MPT
&OLa dignidad de los nadiesTFSFDPHFOFYQF- QSPUBHPOJTUBT%BSWP[FJNBHFOBRVJFOFTOPMB
SJFODJBTBUSBWÏTEFMSFMBUPEFTVTQSPUBHPOJTUBT UJFOFOZFTUÈOBVTFOUFTEFMPTNFEJPTEFDPNV-
%JGÓDJMJNBHJOBSTFRVFMBTDIBDBSFSBT BKFOBTB OJDBDJØO <y> -PT IF BDPNQB×BEP FO TV CÞT-
MPTBTVOUPTCBODBSJPTPQPMÓUJDPT JCBOBTFSDB- RVFEB EF USBCBKP  FO TVT FTQFSBT Z QSPUFTUBT
QBDFTEFPSHBOJ[BSVOWJHPSPTPZPSJHJOBMNPWJ- DPNQBSUÓMBDPDJOBEFTVTDBTBTPMBTUJFOEBTEF
NJFOUPEFSFTJTUFODJBFOGSFOUBOEPBMPTCBODPT MPTDBNQBNFOUPTUSBUBOEPEFSFDVQFSBSTVTFY-
F JNQJEJFOEP NÈT EF NJM SFNBUFT KVEJDJBMFT QFSJFODJBTZTFOUJNJFOUPT<y>5BNCJÏO<y>IF
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32