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Submitted in partial fulfillment for the Award of degree of Master of Business Administration
Submitted By: ISHA SETHI PSOM 2007-2009
Submitted To:MS. SWATI JAIN
POORNIMA SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT
(Department of Management Studies)
This project report has been prepared as per the requirement of the syllabus of MBA course structure under which the students are the required to undertake industrial internship. We look our project study of HDFC SLIC. It was a firsthand experience for us as that we were exposed to the professional set-up and were facing the market, which was really a great experience. During project period, I had very touching experiences. When business is involved, experiences counts a lot, as we know, experience are an instrument, which leads towards success. As we all know that working in market on the grass route level has always been a pleasure. Now I take this opportunity to present the project report and sincerely hope that it will be as much knowledge enhancing to the readers as it was to use during the fieldwork and the completion of the report.
I express my sincere thanks to my project guide, MR. SACHIN JAIN (External), MISS.SWATI JAIN and MISS.MAUSMI (Internal). Designation Senior Lecturer, Dept of management studies, for guiding me right from the inception till the successful completion of the project. I sincerely acknowledge her for extending their valuable guidance, support for literature, critical reviews of project and the report and above all the moral support she had provided to me with all stages of this project. I would also like to thank the supporting staff of PSOM management Department, for their help and cooperation throughout our project.
HDFC Standard Life insurance is the oldest life insurance company in the world. It is the largest insurer in the UK and is the 28th largest company in the world. In India, the company is marketing life insurance products and unit linked investment plans. From my research at HDFC SLIC, I found that the company has a lot of competition from other private insurers like ICICI, Aviva, Birla Sun Life and Tata AIG. It also faces competition from LIC. To compete effectively HDFC SLIC could launch cheaper and more reasonable products with small premiums and short policy terms (the number of year’s premium is to be paid). The ideal premium would be between Rs. 5000 – Rs. 25000 and an ideal policy term would be 10 – 20 years. HDFC must advertise regularly and create brand value for its products and services. Most of its competitors like Aviva, ICICI, Max, Reliance and LIC use television advertisements to promote their products. The Indian consumer has a false perception about insurance – they feel that it would not benefit them if they do not live through the policy term. Nowadays however, most policies are unit linked plans where a customer is benefited even if their death does not occur during the policy term. This message should be conveyed to potential customers so that they readily invest in insurance. Family responsibilities and high returns are the two main reasons people invest in insurance. Optimum returns of 16 – 20 % must be provided to consumers to keep them interested in purchasing insurance. On the whole HDFC standard life insurance is a good place to work at. Every new recruit is provided with extensive training on unit linked funds, financial instruments and the products of HDFC. This training enables an advisor/sales
manager to market the policies better. HDFC was ranked 13 in the Best Places to Work survey. The company should try to create awareness about itself in India. In the global market it is already very popular. With an improvement in the sales techniques used, a fair bit of advertising and modifications to the existing product portfolio, HDFC would be all set to capture the insurance market in India as it has around the globe.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction to Insurance Research Design Company Profile of HDFC SLIC Company Profile of Tata AIG LIC POP’s and POD’s Competitive analysis Analysis and Interpretation Facts and findings SWOT analysis Future line of research Conclusion Suggestions and recommendations Appendix Bibliography
INDIAN INSURANCE INDUSTRY “AN OVERVIEW”
THE INSURANCE INDUSTRY IN INDIA
Insurance is a federal subject in India and has a history dating back to 1818. Life and general insurance in India is still a nascent sector with huge potential for various global players with the life insurance premiums accounting to 2.5% of the country's GDP while general insurance premiums to 0.65% of India's GDP.. The Insurance sector in India has gone through a number of phases and changes, particularly in the recent years when the Govt. of India in 1999 opened up the insurance sector by allowing private companies to solicit insurance and also allowing FDI up to 26%. Ever since, the Indian insurance sector is considered as a booming market with every other global insurance company wanting to have a lion's share. Currently, the largest life insurance company in India is still owned by the government With the largest number of life insurance policies in force in the world, Insurance happens to be a mega opportunity in India. It’s a business growing at the rate of 15-20 per cent annually and presently is of the order of Rs 1560.41 billion (for the financial year 2006 – 2007). Together with banking services, it adds about 7% to the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The gross premium collection is nearly 2% of GDP and funds available with LIC for investments are 8% of the GDP. Even so nearly 65% of the Indian population is without life insurance cover while health insurance and non-life insurance continues to be below international standards. A large part of our population is also subject to weak social security and pension systems with hardly any old age income security. This in itself is an indicator that growth potential for the insurance sector in India is immense. A well-developed and evolved insurance sector is needed for economic development as it provides long term funds for infrastructure development and strengthens the risk taking ability of individuals. It is estimated that over the next ten years India would require investments of the order of one trillion US dollars. The Insurance sector, to some extent, can enable investments in infrastructure development to sustain the economic growth of the country. (Source: www.indiacore.com)
INSURANCE INDUSTRY AND ITS CHRACTERISTICS
Nature of the Industry
Goods and services. The insurance industry provides protection against financial losses resulting from a variety of perils. By purchasing insurance policies, individuals and businesses can receive reimbursement for losses due to car accidents, theft of property, and fire and storm damage; medical expenses; and loss of income due to disability or death. Industry organization. The insurance industry consists mainly of insurance carriers (or insurers) and insurance agencies and brokerages. In general, insurance carriers are large companies that provide insurance and assume the risks covered by the policy. Insurance agencies and brokerages sell insurance policies for the carriers. While some of these establishments are directly affiliated with a particular insurer and sell only that carrier’s policies, many are independent and are thus free to market the policies of a variety of insurance carriers. In addition to supporting these two primary components, the insurance industry includes establishments that provide other insurance-related services, such as claims adjustment or third-party administration of insurance and pension funds. These other insurance industry establishments also include a number of independent organizations that provide a wide array of insurance-related services to carriers and their clients. One such service is the processing of claims forms for medical practitioners. Other services include loss prevention and risk management. Also, insurance companies sometimes hire independent claims adjusters to investigate accidents and claims for property damage and to assign a dollar estimate to the claim. Insurance carriers assume the risk associated with annuities and insurance policies and assign premiums to be paid for the policies. In the policy, the carrier states the length and conditions of the agreement, exactly which losses it will provide compensation for,
and how much will be awarded. The premium charged for the policy is based primarily on the amount to be awarded in case of loss, as well as the likelihood that the insurance carrier will actually have to pay. In order to be able to compensate policyholders for their losses, insurance companies invest the money they receive in premiums, building up a portfolio of financial assets and income-producing real estate which can then be used to pay off any future claims that may be brought. There are two basic types of insurance carriers: primary and reinsurance. Primary carriers are responsible for the initial underwriting of insurance policies and annuities, while reinsurance carriers assume all or part of the risk associated with the existing insurance policies originally underwritten by other insurance carriers. Primary insurance carriers offer a variety of insurance policies. Life insurance provides financial protection to beneficiaries—usually spouses and dependent children—upon the death of the insured. Disability insurance supplies a preset income to an insured person who is unable to work due to injury or illness, and health insurance pays the expenses resulting from accidents and illness. An annuity (a contract or a group of contracts that furnishes a periodic income at regular intervals for a specified period) provides a steady income during retirement for the remainder of one’s life. Property-casualty insurance protects against loss or damage to property resulting from hazards such as fire, theft, and natural disasters. Liability insurance shields policyholders from financial responsibility for injuries to others or for damage to other people’s property. Most policies, such as automobile and homeowner’s insurance, combine both propertycasualty and liability coverage. Companies that underwrite this kind of insurance are called property-casualty carriers. Some insurance policies cover groups of people, ranging from a few to thousands of individuals. These policies usually are issued to employers for the benefit of their employees or to unions, professional associations, or other membership organizations for the benefit of their members. Among the most common policies of this nature are group life and health plans. Insurance carriers also underwrite a variety of specialized types of insurance, such as real-estate title insurance, employee surety and fidelity bonding, and medical malpractice insurance. Other organizations in the industry are formed by groups of insurance companies, to perform functions that would result in a duplication of effort if each company carried
them out individually. For example, service organizations are supported by insurance companies to provide loss statistics, which the companies use to set their rates. Recent developments. Congressional legislation now allows insurance carriers and other financial institutions, such as banks and securities firms, to sell one another’s products. More insurance carriers now sell financial products such as securities, mutual funds, and various retirement plans. This approach is most common in life insurance companies that already sold annuities, but property and casualty companies also are increasingly selling a wider range of financial products. In order to expand into one another’s markets, insurance carriers, banks, and securities firms have engaged in numerous mergers, allowing the merging companies access to each other's client base and geographical markets. Insurance carriers have discovered that the Internet can be a powerful tool for reaching potential and existing customers. Most carriers use the Internet simply to post company information, such as sales brochures and product information, financial statements, and a list of local agents. However, an increasing number of carriers are starting to expand their Web sites to enable customers to access online account and billing information, and some carriers even allow claims to be submitted online. Many carriers also provide insurance quotes online based on the information submitted by customers on their Internet sites. In fact, some carriers will allow customers to purchase policies through the Internet without ever speaking to a live agent. In addition to individual carrier-sponsored Internet sites, several “lead-generating” sites have emerged. These sites allow potential customers to input information about their insurance policy needs. For a fee, the sites forward customer information to a number of insurance companies, which review the information and, if they decide to take on the policy, contact the customer with an offer. This practice gives consumers the freedom to accept the best rate.
Hours. Many workers in the insurance industry—especially those in administrative support positions—work a 5-day, 40-hour week. Those in executive and managerial occupations often put in more than 40 hours. There are several occupations in the insurance industry where workers may work irregular hours outside of office settings. Those working in sales jobs need to be available for their clients at all times. This accommodation may result in these individuals working 50 to 60 hours per week. Also, call centers operate 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, so some of their employees must work evening and weekend shifts. The irregular business hours in the insurance industry provide some workers with the opportunity for part-time work. Part-time employees make up 8 percent of the workforce. Work environment. Insurance employees working in sales jobs often visit prospective and existing customers’ homes and places of business to market new products and provide services. Others working in the industry may need to frequently leave the office to inspect damaged property, and at times can be away from home for days, traveling to the scene of a disaster—such as a tornado, flood, or hurricane—to work with affected policyholders and government officials. A small, but increasing, number of insurance employees spend most of their time on the telephone working in call centers, answering questions and providing information to prospective clients or current policyholders. These jobs may include selling insurance, taking claims information, or answering medical questions. As would be expected in an industry dominated by office and sales employees, the incidence of occupational injuries and illnesses among insurance workers is low. In 2006, only 1.3 cases per 100 full-time workers were reported among insurance carriers, while just 0.7 cases per 100 full-time workers were reported among agents and brokers. These figures compare with an average of 4.4 for all private industry.
The insurance industry had about 2.3 million wage and salary jobs in 2006. Insurance carriers accounted for 62 percent of jobs, while insurance agencies, brokerages, and providers of other insurance-related services accounted for 38 percent of jobs. The majority of establishments in the insurance industry were small; however, a few large establishments accounted for many of the jobs in this industry. Insurance carriers tend to be large establishments, often employing 250 or more workers, whereas agencies and brokerages tend to be much smaller, frequently employing fewer than 20 workers (chart 1).
Many insurance carriers’ home and regional offices are situated near large urban centers. Insurance workers who deal directly with the public are located throughout the country. Almost all of those working in sales work out of local company offices or
independent agencies. Many others in the industry work for independent firms in small cities and towns throughout the country.
About 44 percent of insurance workers are in office and administrative support jobs such as those found in every industry (table 1). Many office and administrative support positions in the insurance industry, however, require skills and knowledge unique to the industry. About 29 percent of insurance workers are in management or business and financial operations occupations. About 16 percent of wage and salary employees in the industry are sales workers, selling policies to individuals and businesses. Several others are employed in computer and mathematical science occupations. Office and administrative support occupations. Office and administrative support occupations in this industry include secretaries, typists, word processors, bookkeepers, and other clerical workers. Secretaries and administrative assistants perform routine clerical and administrative functions such as drafting correspondence, scheduling appointments, organizing and maintaining paper and electronic files, or providing information to callers. Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks handle all financial transactions and recordkeeping for an insurance company. They compute, classify, update, and record numerical data to keep financial records complete and accurate. Insurance claims and policy processing clerks process new policies, modifications to existing policies, and claims forms. They review applications for completeness, compile data on policy changes, and verify the accuracy of insurance company records. Customer service representatives have duties similar to insurance claims and policy processing clerks, except they work directly with customers by processing insurance policy applications, changes, and cancellations over the phone. They may also process claims and sell new policies to existing clients. These workers recently are taking on increased responsibilities in insurance offices, such as handling most of the continuing contact with clients. A growing number of customer service representatives work in call centers that are open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, where they answer clients’
questions, update policy information, and provide potential clients with information regarding the types of policies the company issues. Management, business, and financial operations occupations. Top executives direct the operations of an independent insurance agency, brokerage, or a large insurance carrier. Marketing managers direct carriers’ development of new types of policies that might appeal to the public and strategies for selling them to customers. Sales managers direct the activities of the sales workers in local sales offices of insurance carriers and independent agencies. They sell insurance products, work with clients, and supervise staff. Other managers who work in their companies' home offices are in charge of functions such as actuarial calculations, policy issuance, accounting, and investments. Claims adjusters, appraisers, examiners, and investigators decide whether claims are covered by the customer’s policy, estimate and confirm payment, and, when necessary, investigate the circumstances surrounding a claim. Claims adjusters work for property and liability insurance carriers or for independent adjusting firms. They inspect property damage, estimate how much it will cost to repair, and determine the extent of the insurance company’s liability; in some cases, they may help the claimant receive assistance quickly in order to prevent further damage and begin repairs. Adjusters plan and schedule the work required to process claims, which may include interviewing the claimant and witnesses and consulting police and hospital records. In some propertycasualty companies, claims adjusters are called claims examiners, but in other companies, a claims examiner’s primary job is to review claims to ensure that proper guidelines have been followed. Only occasionally—especially when disasters suddenly increase the volume of claims—do these examiners aid adjusters with complicated claims. In the offices of life and health insurance carriers, claims examiners are the counterparts of the claims adjuster who works in a property and casualty insurance firm. Examiners in the health insurance carriers review health-related claims to see whether the costs are reasonable based on the diagnosis. Examiners check claim applications for completeness and accuracy, interview medical specialists, and consult policy files to verify information on a claim. Claims examiners in the life insurance carriers review causes of death and also may review new applications for life insurance to make sure
that the applicants have no serious illnesses that would prevent them from qualifying for insurance. Insurance investigators handle claims in which companies suspect fraudulent or criminal activity, such as suspicious fires, questionable workers’ disability claims, difficult-toexplain accidents, and dubious medical treatment. Investigators usually perform database searches on suspects to determine whether they have a history of attempted or successful insurance fraud. Then, the investigators may visit claimants and witnesses to obtain a recorded statement, take photographs, inspect facilities, and conduct surveillance on suspects. Investigators often consult with legal counsel and are sometimes called to testify as expert witnesses in court cases. Auto damage appraisers usually are hired by insurance companies and independent adjusting firms to inspect the damage to a motor vehicle after an accident and to provide unbiased estimates of repair cost. Claims adjusters and auto damage appraisers can work for insurance companies, or they can be independent or public adjusters. Insurance companies hire independent adjusters to represent their interests while assisting the insured, whereas public adjusters are hired to represent the insured’s interests against insurance carriers. Management analysts, often called loss control representatives in the insurance industry, assess various risks faced by insurance companies. These workers inspect the business operations of insurance applicants, analyze historical data regarding workplace injuries and automobile accidents, and assess the potential for natural hazards, dangerous business practices, and unsafe workplace conditions that may result in injuries or catastrophic physical and financial loss. They might then recommend, for example, that a factory add safety equipment, that a house be reinforced to withstand environmental catastrophes, or that incentives be implemented to encourage automobile owners to install air bags in their cars or take more effective measures to prevent theft. Because the changes they recommend can greatly reduce the probability of loss, loss control representatives are increasingly important to both insurance companies and the insured. Underwriting is another important management and business and financial occupation in insurance. Underwriters evaluate insurance applications to determine the risk involved in
issuing a policy. They decide whether to accept or reject an application, and they determine the appropriate premium for each policy. Sales and related occupations. Insurance sales agents, also referred to as producers, may work as exclusive agents, or captive agents, selling for one company, or as independent agents selling for several companies. Through regular contact with clients, agents are able to update coverage, assist with claims, ensure customer satisfaction, and obtain referrals. Insurance sales agents may sell many types of insurance, including life, annuities, property-casualty, health, and disability insurance. Many insurance sales agents are involved in “cross-selling” or “total account development,” which means that, besides offering insurance, they have become licensed to sell mutual funds, annuities, and other securities. These agents usually find their own customers and ensure that the policies sold meet the specific needs of their policyholders. Professional and related occupations. The insurance industry employs relatively few people in professional and related occupations, but they are essential to company operations. For example, insurance companies’ lawyers defend clients who are sued, especially when large claims may be involved. These lawyers also review regulations and policy contracts. Nurses and other medical professionals advise clients on wellness issues and on medical procedures covered by the company’s managed-care plan. Computer systems analysts, computer programmers, and computer support specialists are needed to analyze, design, develop, and program the systems that support the dayto-day operations of the insurance company. Actuaries represent a relatively small proportion of employment in the insurance industry, but they are vital to the industry’s profitability. Actuaries study the probability of an insured loss and determine premium rates. They must set the rates so that there is a high probability that premiums paid by customers will cover claims, but not so high that their company loses business to competitors.
Table 1. Employment of wage and salary workers in insurance by occupation, 2006 and projected change, 2006-2016. (Employment in thousands) Employment, 2006 Occupation Number Percent All occupations Management, business, and financial occupations General and operations managers Marketing and sales managers Computer and information systems managers Financial managers Claims adjusters, examiners, and investigators Insurance appraisers, auto damage Human resources, training, and labor relations specialists Management analysts Accountants and auditors Financial analysts Insurance underwriters Professional and related occupations Computer programmers Computer software engineers Computer support specialists Computer systems analysts Actuaries Market research analysts Lawyers Title examiners, abstractors, and searchers Registered nurses 2,316 661 41 20 14 24 218 12 28 29 40 16 91 258 21 28 19 33 11 12 12 23 25 100.0 28.6 1.8 0.9 0.6 1.0 9.4 0.5 1.2 1.2 1.7 0.7 3.9 11.2 0.9 1.2 0.8 1.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.0 1.1 15.8 0.8 13.5 43.6 2.7 0.8 2006-16 7.4 8.3 -1.9 7.2 5.9 6.6 10.8 12.0 10.9 5.4 7.8 16.9 5.6 8.6 -15.1 24.7 6.8 15.5 5.4 6.5 5.6 -5.5 6.2 14.4 3.8 15.7 4.0 -6.0 -2.5 change, Percent
Sales and related occupations 367 First-line supervisors/managers of non-retail sales 18 workers Insurance sales agents 313 Office and administrative support occupations First-line supervisors/managers of office and administrative support workers Billing and posting clerks and machine operators 1,009 62 18
Table 1. Employment of wage and salary workers in insurance by occupation, 2006 and projected change, 2006-2016. (Employment in thousands) Employment, Occupation Percent 2006 Number Percent change, Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks 47 2.0 8.9 Customer service representatives 266 11.5 19.2 File clerks 15 0.7 -45.3 Receptionists and information clerks 24 1.0 10.0 Executive secretaries and administrative assistants 57 2.4 8.2 Secretaries, except legal, medical, and executive 62 2.7 -1.5 Data entry keyers 22 0.9 -13.5 Insurance claims and policy processing clerks 222 9.6 -2.6 Mail clerks and mail machine operators, except postal 14 0.6 -21.0 service Office clerks, general 106 4.6 7.8 Note: Columns may not add to totals due to omission of occupations with small employment
A few jobs in the insurance industry, especially in office and administrative support occupations, require no more than a high school diploma. However, employers prefer to hire workers with a college education for most jobs, including sales, managerial, and professional jobs. When specialized training is required, it usually is obtained on the job or through independent study during work or after-work hours. Many insurance companies expect their employees to take continuing education courses to improve their people skills and their knowledge of the industry. Opportunities for advancement are relatively good in the insurance industry. Office and administrative support occupations. Graduation from high school or a 2year postsecondary business program is adequate preparation for most beginning office and administrative support jobs. Courses in word processing and business math are
assets, and the ability to operate computers is essential. On-the-job training usually is provided for clerical jobs such as customer service representatives. Because representatives in call centers must be knowledgeable about insurance products in order to provide advice to clients, more States are requiring customer service representatives to become licensed. Several years of experience and training can help beginners advance to higher paying positions. Office and administrative support workers may also advance to higher paying claims adjusting positions and entry-level underwriting jobs. Management, business, and financial operations occupations. Management, business, and financial jobs require the same college training as similar jobs in other industries. Managerial positions usually are filled by promoting college-educated employees from within the company. However, some companies prefer to hire liberal arts graduates at a lower cost, and many insurers send them to company schools or enroll them in outside institutes for professional training. A master’s degree, particularly in business administration or a related field, is an asset for advancement into higher levels of management. For beginning underwriting jobs, many insurance companies prefer college graduates who have a degree in business administration or a related field. As an underwriter’s
Career develops; it becomes beneficial to earn one of the voluntary professional certifications in underwriting. For example, the National Association of Health Underwriters offers two certification programs: the Registered Health Underwriter (RHU) designation and the Registered Employee Benefits Consultant (REBC) designation. The American Institute for Chartered Property-Casualty Underwriters (AICPU) offers the CPCU program, which includes courses covering a broad range of insurance, risk management, and general business topics involving both personal and commercial loss exposures. Earning the CPCU designation requires passing 8 exams, meeting a requirement of at least three years of insurance experience, and abiding by the AICPU’s and CPCU Society’s code of professional ethics. In conjunction with the Insurance
Institute of America, the AICPCU offers 22 insurance-related educational programs, including claims, underwriting, risk management, and reinsurance. In almost every State, those working as a claims examiner or adjuster must obtain a license. Licensing requirements for these workers vary by State and can include prelicensing education or passing a licensing exam. In some cases, professional designations may be substituted for the exam requirement. Separate or additional requirements may apply to public adjusters. For example, some States may require public adjusters to file a surety bond. Often, claims adjusters working for companies can work under the company license and not need to become licensed themselves. Most companies prefer to hire college graduates and those with previous experience or who have obtained licensure for claims adjuster and examiner positions. No specific college major is required, although most workers in these positions have a business, accounting, engineering, legal, or medical background. In addition, many adjusters and examiners choose to pursue certain certifications and designations to distinguish themselves. Many State licenses and professional designations require continuing education for renewal. Continuing education is important because adjusters and examiners must be knowledgeable about changes in the laws, recent court decisions, and new medical procedures. Auto damage appraisers typically begin as auto body repairers and then are hired by insurance companies or independent adjusting firms. Most companies prefer auto
damage appraisers to have formal training, and many vocational colleges offer 2-year programs on how to estimate and repair damaged vehicles. Some States require them to be licensed, and certification may be required or preferred. Computer skills also are an important qualification for many auto damage appraiser positions. As with adjusters and examiners, continuing education is important for appraisers, because many new car models and repair techniques are introduced each year. Licensing requirements to become an insurance investigator may vary among States. Most insurance companies prefer to hire former law enforcement detectives or private investigators as insurance investigators. Many experienced claims adjusters or
examiners also can become investigators. Most employers look for individuals with ingenuity and who are persistent and assertive. Investigators must not be afraid of confrontation, should communicate well, and should be able to think on their feet. Good interviewing and interrogation skills also are important and usually are developed in earlier careers in law enforcement. Sales and related occupations. Although some employers hire high school graduates with potential or proven sales ability for entry-level sales positions, most prefer to hire college graduates. All insurance sales agents must obtain licenses in the States in which they plan to sell insurance. In most States, licenses are issued only to applicants who complete specified courses and pass written examinations covering insurance fundamentals and State insurance laws. New agents receive training from their employer, either at work or at the insurance company’s home office. Sometimes, entry-level employees attend companysponsored classes to prepare for examinations. The National Alliance for Insurance Education and Research offers a wide variety of courses in health, life, and property and casualty insurance for independent insurance agents. Others study on their own and, as on-the-job training, accompany experienced agents when they meet with prospective clients. After obtaining a license, agents must earn continuing education credits throughout their careers in order to remain licensed insurance sales agents.
Insurance sales agents wishing to sell securities and other financial products must meet State licensing requirements in these areas. Specifically, they must pass an additional examination—either the Series 6 or Series 7 licensing exam, both of which are administered by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA). The Series 6 exam is for individuals who wish to sell only mutual funds and variable annuities; the Series 7 exam is the main FINRA series license and qualifies agents as general securities representatives. To demonstrate further competency in financial planning, many agents also find it worthwhile to obtain a certified financial planner (CFP) or chartered financial consultant (ChFC) designation.
Sales workers may advance by handling greater numbers of accounts and more complex commercial insurance policies. They may also choose to start an independent insurance agency. Many also obtain related designations such as the CPCU underwriting designation, offered by the AICPCU. Professional and related occupations. For actuarial jobs, companies prefer candidates to have degrees in actuarial science, mathematics, or statistics. However, candidates with degrees in business, finance, or economics are becoming more common. Actuaries must pass a series of national examinations to become fully qualified. Completion of all the exams takes from 5 to 10 years. Some of the exams may be taken while an individual is in college, but most require extensive home study. Many companies grant study time to their actuarial students to prepare for the exams.
Demand for insurance will increase, but employment in the insurance industry will increase more slowly than employment growth across all industries. Employment change. Wage and salary employment in the insurance industry is projected to grow about 7 percent between 2006 and 2016, compared to the 11 percent growth projected for wage and salary employment in all industries combined. While demand for insurance is expected to rise, job growth will be limited by corporate
downsizing, productivity increases due to new technology, and increasing use of direct mail, telephone, and Internet sales. However, some job growth will result from the industry’s expansion into the broader financial services field, new types of insurance entering the market, and growth in demand for medical service and health insurance. Medical service and health insurance is the fastest growing segment of the insurance industry. Significant growth is expected over the long term, even though increasing health insurance premiums have recently become difficult for some people to afford. As the members of the baby boom generation grow older and a growing share of the
Nation’s population moves into the older age groups, more people are expected to buy health insurance and long-term-care insurance, as well as annuities and other types of pension products sold by insurance sales agents. If legislation is enacted that makes health insurance affordable to more people, even greater increases in demand for this type of insurance should result. Population growth also will stimulate demand for auto insurance and homeowners insurance. Also, population growth will create additional demand for businesses to service the needs of more people, and these businesses will need insurance as well. In addition, growing numbers of individuals and businesses are purchasing liability policies to protect against possible large liability awards from lawsuits brought by people claiming injury or damage from a product. Many successful insurance companies will recognize the Internet’s potential as a powerful marketing tool, increasing employment growth of some occupations while slowing growth of others. Growing use of the Internet might reduce costs for insurance companies, but it also could enable many clients to turn first to the Internet to get information on their policies, obtain price quotes on possible new policies, or submit claims. As insurance companies begin to offer more information and services on the Internet, employment in some occupations, such as insurance sales agents, could be adversely affected. Productivity gains caused by the greater use of computer software will continue to limit the growth of certain jobs within the insurance industry. For example, the use of
Underwriting software that automatically analyzes and rates insurance applications will limit the employment growth of underwriters. Workers in claims now may not have to visit the site of customers’ damage; they may use satellite imagery to inspect the damage from their computers. In addition, the Internet allows insurance investigators to handle an increasing number of cases by drastically reducing the amount of time it takes them to perform background checks, limiting the additional investigators that must be hired to handle a growing workload. Also, computers have made communications easier among sales agents, adjusters, and insurance carriers—making all much more
productive—by linking them directly to the databases of insurance carriers and other organizations. Furthermore, insurance carriers contain costs by increasing using customer service representatives to deal with the day-to-day processing of policies and claims. Job prospects. Workers in property and casualty insurance, particularly in auto insurance, will be most affected by increasing reliance on the Internet. Auto policies are relatively straightforward and can be issued more easily without the involvement of a live agent. Also, auto premiums tend to cost more per year than do other types of policies, so people are more likely to shop around for the best price—and the Internet makes it easier to compare rates among companies. Insurance companies will continue to face increased competition from banks and securities firms entering the insurance markets. As more of these firms begin to sell insurance policies, they will employ increasing numbers of insurance sales agents. In order to stay competitive, more insurance companies are expanding the range of financial products and services they offer, or are establishing partnerships with banks or brokerage firms. Although employment in the insurance industry is expected to grow slowly, thousands of openings are expected to arise in this large industry to replace workers who leave the industry, retire, or stop working for other reasons. Despite the fact that the internet allows many people to buy policies online, many sales agents still will be needed to meet face-to-face with clients; some customers prefer to talk directly with an agent, especially regarding complicated policies. Opportunities will be best for sales agents who sell more
than one type of insurance or financial service. Opportunities should be good for adjusters because they will still be needed to inspect damage and interview witnesses as the insurance industry, the Nation’s population, and the number of claims all grow. Opportunities likewise should be good for actuaries, even though the number of available jobs will small, because many people are discouraged from following this career path due to the stringent qualifying requirements of the examination system.
Industry earnings. Weekly earnings of nonsupervisory workers in the insurance industry averaged $798 in May 2006, considerably higher than the average of $568 for all private industry. Earnings of the largest occupations in insurance in May 2006, appear in table 2 Table 2. Median hourly earnings of the largest occupations in insurance, May 2006 All Occupation Insurance industries General and operations managers $53.02 $40.97 Insurance underwriters 25.29 25.17 First-line supervisors/managers of office and 24.36 20.92 administrative support workers Claims adjusters, examiners, and investigators 23.42 24.36 Executive secretaries and administrative assistants 18.70 17.90 Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks 15.55 14.69 Insurance claims and policy processing clerks 14.97 14.96 Customer service representatives 14.79 13.62 Secretaries, except legal, medical, and executive 12.65 13.20 clerks, general 11.38 11.40 The method by which insurance sales agents are paid varies greatly. Most independent sales agents own their own businesses and are paid a commission only. Sales agents who Office are employees of an agency may be paid a salary only, a salary plus commission, or a salary plus a bonus. An agent’s earnings usually increase rapidly with experience. Many agencies also pay an agent’s expenses for automobiles and transportation, travel to conventions, and continuing education. Benefits and union membership. Insurance carriers offer attractive benefits packages, as is frequently the case with large companies. Yearly bonuses, retirement investment plans, insurance, and paid vacation often are standard. Insurance agencies, which generally are smaller, offer less extensive benefits. Unionization is not widespread in the insurance industry. In 2006, 3 percent of all insurance workers were union members or were covered by union contracts, compared with 12 percent of workers throughout private industry
The history of life insurance in India dates back to 1818 when it was conceived as a means to provide for English Widows. Interestingly in those days a higher premium was charged for Indian lives than the non - Indian lives, as Indian lives were considered more risky to cover. The Bombay Mutual Life Insurance Society started its business in 1870. It was the first company to charge the same premium for both Indian and non-Indian lives.
The Oriental Assurance Company was established in 1880. The General insurance business in India, on the other hand, can trace its roots to Triton Insurance Company Limited, the first general insurance company established in the year 1850 in Calcutta by the British. Till the end of the nineteenth century insurance business was almost entirely in the hands of overseas companies. Insurance regulation formally began in India with the passing of the Life Insurance Companies Act of 1912 and the Provident Fund Act of 1912. Several frauds during the 1920's and 1930's sullied insurance business in India. By 1938 there were 176 insurance companies. The first comprehensive legislation was introduced with the Insurance Act of 1938 that provided strict State Control over the insurance business. The insurance business grew at a faster pace after independence. Indian companies strengthened their hold on this business but despite the growth that was witnessed, insurance remained an urban phenomenon. The Government of India in 1956, brought together over 240 private life insurers and provident societies under one nationalized monopoly corporation and Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) was born. Nationalization was justified on the grounds that it would create the much needed funds for rapid industrialization. This was in conformity with the Government's chosen path of State led planning and development. The non-life insurance business continued to thrive with the private sector till 1972. Their operations were restricted to organized trade and industry in large cities. The general insurance industry was nationalized in 1972. With this, nearly 107 insurers were amalgamated and grouped into four companies- National Insurance Company, New India Assurance Company, Oriental Insurance Company and United India Insurance Company. These were subsidiaries of the General Insurance Company (GIC).
1912: The Indian Life Assurance Companies Act enacted as the first statute to regulate the life insurance business.
1928: The Indian Insurance Companies Act enacted to enable the government to collect statistical information about both life and non-life insurance businesses. 1938: Earlier legislation consolidated and amended by the Insurance Act with the objective of protecting the interests of the insuring public. 1956: 245 Indian and foreign insurers along with provident societies were taken over by the central government and nationalized. LIC was formed by an Act of Parliament- LIC Act 1956- with a capital contribution of Rs. 5 crore from the Government of India.
Reforms in the Insurance sector were initiated with the passage of the IRDA Bill in Parliament in December 1999. The IRDA since its incorporation as a statutory body in April 2000 has fastidiously stuck to its schedule of framing regulations and registering the private sector insurance companies. Since being set up as an independent statutory body the IRDA has put in a framework of globally compatible regulations. The other decision taken simultaneously to provide the supporting systems to the insurance sector and in particular the life insurance companies was the launch of the IRDA online service for issue and renewal of licenses to agents. The approval of institutions for imparting training to agents has also ensured that the insurance companies would have a trained workforce of insurance agents in place to sell their products
Most of the present day Life Insurance Companies in India are joint ventures between Indian groups and conglomerates and global insurance companies. The terms of the joint ventures include a majority stake holding of Indian partner in the JV. The life insurance deals include a detail information guide to the customer from the insurance agent or broker citing the various insurance plans and policies available, the insurance
premium estimates and estimate of the prices of the insurance policy short listed, the guidelines and terms of the insurance company and many such info.
The life insurance companies work in close association with the life insurance agents and brokers. Special training and education is provided to each insurance agent or broker about the facts of life insurance, how it works, industry info, insurance leads, types of insurance policies on offer, claims settlements, life insurance laws in India, knowledge about the return of premium procedure of the life insurance company and the tax savings the insurance policy would provide.
Besides the usual life insurance services covering individual insurance, group life insurance, family insurance, health insurance and medi claims, Life insurance products in India are also designed for special target groups like:
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For seniors over 50, over 65 etc For kids or children For diabetics For the elderly For HIV patients
The ratings and reviews of the Life Insurance Companies in India are available online where you can check the rankings and rating of the insurance company you wish to buy a policy from. You can make comparison among the various life insurance policies on offer by the life insurance companies of India. A comprehensive list of the major insurance companies has been provided here with compete profile of the company, their insurance products and policies, the terms and statistics of the insurance providers etc.
Every company has different policy to offer. You just need to choose which is the best for you. The amount for which you want to take the policy, the tenure of policy and the amount you want to pay in each installments, all these factors you need to keep in mind and then choose the company which fulfills all your needs and provides full transparency
PRESENT SCENARIO - LIFE INSURANCE INDUSTRY IN INDIA
The life insurance industry in India grew by an impressive 47.38%, with premium income at Rs. 1560.41 billion during the fiscal year 2006-2007. Though the total volume of LIC's business increased in the last fiscal year (2006-2007) compared to the previous one, its market share came down from 85.75% to 81.91%. The 17 private insurers increased their market share from about 15% to about 19% in a year's time. The figures for the first two months of the fiscal year 2007-08 also speak of the growing share of the private insurers. The share of LIC for this period has further come down to 75 percent, while the private players have grabbed over 24 percent. With the opening up of the insurance industry in India many foreign players have entered the market. The restriction on these companies is that they are not allowed to have more than a 26% stake in a company’s ownership. Since the opening up of the insurance sector in 1999, foreign investments of Rs. 8.7 billion have poured into the Indian market and 19 private life insurance companies have been granted licenses. Innovative products, smart marketing, and aggressive distribution have enabled fledgling private insurance companies to sign up Indian customers faster than anyone expected. Indians, who had always seen life insurance as a tax saving device, are now suddenly turning to the private sector and snapping up the new innovative products on offer. Some of these products include investment plans with insurance and good returns (unit linked plans), multi – purpose insurance plans, pension plans, child plans and money back plans. (www.wikipedia.com)
A Research Design is the framework or plan for a study which is used as a guide in collecting and analyzing the data collected. It is the blue print that is followed in completing the study. The basic objective of research cannot be attained without a
proper research design. It specifies the methods and procedures for acquiring the information needed to conduct the research effectively. It is the overall operational pattern of the project that stipulates what information needs to be collected, from which sources and by what methods.
TITLE OF THE STUDY
“Comparative study of the products of HDFC Standard Life Insurance Company Limited and Tata AIG Life Insurance Company Limited for HDFC Standard Life Insurance Company Ltd.”
DURATION OF THE PROJECT 3 months
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
This study was undertaken to identify which type of insurance plans HDFC SLIC should market to beat Tata AIG LIC in India. A survey was undertaken to understand the preferences of Indian consumers with respect to insurance. While marketing policies the sole duty of an advisor/ agent is to provide insurance plans as per customer requirements. In effect plans (insurance products) should be flexible to suit individual requirements. This research tries to analyze some key factors which influence the purchase of insurance like the term of the policy, the type of company, the amount of annual premium payable (capacity and willingness to spend), risk taking ability and the influence of advertising. Solutions and recommendations are made based on qualitative and quantitative analysis of the data.
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
To analysis the product details of HDFC Standard life Insurance Company limited and Tata AIG life Insurance Company Limited. To find ‘Points of Parity’ and ‘Points of Difference’ of HDFC Standard Life Insurance Company Limited and Tata AIG Life Insurance Company Limited.
To find out factors that influence customers to purchase insurance policies and give suggestions for further improvement.
TYPE OF DATA COLLECTED
There are two types of data used. They are primary and secondary data. Primary data is defined as data that is collected from original sources for a specific purpose. Secondary data is data collected from indirect sources. (Source: Research Methodology, By C. R. Kothari)
These include the survey or questionnaire method, telephonic interview as well as the personal interview methods of data collection.
These include books, the internet, company brochures, product brochures, the company website, competitor’s websites etc, newspaper articles etc.
Sampling refers to the method of selecting a sample from a given universe with a view to draw conclusions about that universe. A sample is a representative of the universe selected for study.
The sample size for the survey conducted was 270 respondents. This sample size was taken on 95% confidence level and 6 significant level. Data universe for this sample is 10,00,000 which is approx population of Jaipur excluding people below age of 18 years.
Random sampling technique was used in the survey conducted.
PLAN OF ANALYSIS
Tables were used for the analysis of the collected data. The data is also neatly presented with the help of statistical tools such as graphs and pie charts. Percentages and averages have also been used to represent data clearly and effectively.
The samples referred to were residing in Jaipur City. The areas covered were Sitapura, Mansarovar , Sanganer , Vaishali Nagar , Badi Choppad , Malviya Nagar.
Introduction to insurance - An overview of the industry, history, key milestones, reforms in the industry, present scenario in India.
Research Design - Introduction, Research methodology, title of the study, duration of the project, statement of the problem, objectives of the study, sampling, plan of analysis and study area.
Company profile of HDFC SLIC – Introduction of HDFC SLIC, products and services, vision and core values, human resource, organizational structure, introduction to unit linked funds, national & international presence of the organization.
Company profile of Tata AIG – Introduction of Tata AIG, products and services, vision and core values. The advantages of investing in HDFC SLIC compared to other financial instruments.
Points of Parity and Points of Difference between HDFC SLIC and Tata AIG LIC – Comparison between different plans, charges, fees, deductions and riders available with HDFC SLIC and Tata AIG LIC Competitive analysis – Information about the plans offered by LIC and other private insurers in India. Comparisons between the plans to find the most popular and beneficial plans which HDFC SLIC can incorporate into their product portfolio. Analysis and Interpretation – A survey on factors that influence people to purchase Life Insurance Policy.
Facts and findings- Facts about the survey
Swot analysis- Description of strength, weakness, opportunity and threats to HDFC SLIC
Problems requiring more research – Future line of work
Conclusion Suggestions and recommendations - The techniques used to market insurance and their advantages and disadvantages along with suggestions for improvement.
COMPANY PROFILE OF HDFC STANDARD LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY LTD.
Life insurance or life assurance is a contract between the policy owner and the insurer, where the insurer agrees to pay a sum of money upon the occurrence of the insured individual's or individuals' death or other event, such as terminal illness or critical illness. In return, the policy owner agrees to pay a stipulated amount called a premium at regular intervals or in lump sums. There may be designs in some countries where bills and death expenses plus catering for after funeral expenses should be included in Policy Premium. In the United States, the predominant form simply specifies a lump sum to be paid on the insured's demise. As with most insurance policies, life insurance is a contract between the insurer and the policy owner whereby a benefit is paid to the designated beneficiaries if an insured event occurs which is covered by the policy. The value for the policyholder is derived, not from an actual claim event, rather it is the value derived from the 'peace of mind' experienced by the policyholder, due to the negating of adverse financial consequences caused by the death of the Life Assured. To be a life policy the insured event must be based upon the lives of the people named in the policy. Insured events that may be covered include:
Life policies are legal contracts and the terms of the contract describe the limitations of the insured events. Specific exclusions are often written into the contract to limit the liability of the insurer; for example claims relating to suicide, fraud, war, riot and civil commotion. Life-based contracts tend to fall into two major categories:
Protection policies - designed to provide a benefit in the event of specified event, typically a lump sum payment. A common form of this design is term insurance. Investment policies - where the main objective is to facilitate the growth of capital by regular or single premiums. Common forms (in the US anyway) are whole life, universal life and variable life policies.
Parties to contract There is a difference between the insured and the policy owner (policy holder), although the owner and the insured are often the same person. For example, if Joe buys a policy on his own life, he is both the owner and the insured. But if Jane, his wife, buys a policy on Joe's life, she is the owner and he is the insured. The policy owner is the guarantee and he or she will be the person who will pay for the policy. The insured is a participant in the contract, but not necessarily a party to it. The beneficiary receives policy proceeds upon the insured's death. The owner designates the beneficiary, but the beneficiary is not a party to the policy. The owner can change the beneficiary unless the policy has an irrevocable beneficiary designation. With an irrevocable beneficiary, that beneficiary must agree to any beneficiary changes, policy assignments, or cash value borrowing. In cases where the policy owner is not the insured (also referred to as the celui qui vit or CQV), insurance companies have sought to limit policy purchases to those with an "insurable interest" in the CQV. For life insurance policies, close family members and business partners will usually be found to have an insurable interest. The "insurable interest" requirement usually demonstrates that the purchaser will actually suffer some kind of loss if the CQV dies. Such a requirement prevents people from benefiting from the purchase of purely speculative policies on people they expect to die. With no insurable interest requirement, the risk that a purchaser would murder the CQV for insurance proceeds would be great. In at least one case, an insurance company which sold a policy to a purchaser with no insurable interest (who later murdered the CQV for the proceeds), was found liable in court for contributing to the wrongful death of the victim (Liberty National Life v. Weldon, 267 Ala.171 (1957)).
Special provisions may apply, such as suicide clauses wherein the policy becomes null if the insured commits suicide within a specified time (usually two years after the purchase date; some states provide a statutory one-year suicide clause). Any misrepresentation by the insured on the application is also grounds for nullification. Most US states specify that the contestability period cannot be longer than two years; only if the insured dies within this period will the insurer have a legal right to contest the claim on the basis of misrepresentation and request additional information before deciding to pay or deny the claim.
The face amount on the policy is the initial amount that the policy will pay at the death of the insured or when the policy matures, although the actual death benefit can provide for greater or lesser than the face amount. The policy matures when the insured dies or reaches a specified age (such as 100 years old). Costs, insurability, and underwriting The insurer (the life insurance company) calculates the policy prices with intent to fund claims to be paid and administrative costs, and to make a profit. The cost of insurance is determined using mortality tables calculated by actuaries. Actuaries are professionals who employ actuarial science, which is based in mathematics (primarily probability and statistics). Mortality tables are statistically-based tables showing expected annual mortality rates. It is possible to derive life expectancy estimates from these mortality assumptions. Such estimates can be important in taxation regulation The three main variables in a mortality table have been age, gender, and use of tobacco. More recently in the US, preferred class specific tables were introduced. The mortality tables provide a baseline for the cost of insurance. In practice, these mortality tables are used in conjunction with the health and family history of the individual applying for a policy in order to determine premiums and insurability. Mortality tables currently in use by life insurance companies in the United States are individually modified by each company using pooled industry experience studies as a starting point. In the 1980s and 90's the SOA 1975-80 Basic Select & Ultimate tables were the typical reference points, while the 2001 VBT and 2001 CSO tables were published more
recently. The newer tables include separate mortality tables for smokers and nonsmokers and the CSO tables include separate tables for preferred classes. Recent US select mortality tables predict that roughly 0.35 in 1,000 non-smoking males aged 25 will die during the first year of coverage after underwriting. Mortality approximately doubles for every extra ten years of age so that the mortality rate in the first year for underwritten non-smoking men is about 2.5 in 1,000 people at age 65.Compare this with the US population male mortality rates of 1.3 per 1,000 at age 25 and 19.3 at age 65 (without regard to health or smoking status). The mortality of underwritten persons rises much more quickly than the general population. At the end of 10 years the mortality of that 25 year-old, non-smoking male is 0.66/1000/year. Consequently, in a group of one thousand 25 year old males with a $100,000 policy, all of average health, a life insurance company would have to collect approximately $50 a year from each of a large group to cover the relatively few expected claims. (0.35 to 0.66 expected deaths in each year x $100,000 payout per death = $35 per policy). Administrative and sales commissions need to be accounted for in order for this to make business sense. A 10 year policy for a 25 year old non-smoking male person with preferred medical history may get offers as low as $90 per year for a $100,000 policy in the competitive US life insurance market. The insurance company receives the premiums from the policy owner and invests them to create a pool of money from which it can pay claims and finance the insurance company's operations. Contrary to popular belief, the majority of the money that insurance companies make comes directly from premiums paid, as money gained through investment of premiums can never, in even the most ideal market conditions, vest enough money per year to pay out claims Rates charged for life insurance increase with the insurer's age because, statistically, people are more likely to die as they get older. Given that adverse selection can have a negative impact on the insurer's financial situation, the insurer investigates each proposed insured individual unless the policy is below a company-established minimum amount, beginning with the application process. Group Insurance policies are an exception.
This investigation and resulting evaluation of the risk is termed underwriting. Health and lifestyle questions are asked. Certain responses or information received may merit further investigation. Life insurance companies in the United States support the Medical Information Bureau (MIB), which is a clearinghouse of information on persons who have applied for life insurance with participating companies in the last seven years. As part of the application, the insurer receives permission to obtain information from the proposed insured's physicians. Underwriters will determine the purpose of insurance. The most common is to protect the owner's family or financial interests in the event of the insurer's demise. Other purposes include estate planning or, in the case of cash-value contracts, investment for retirement planning. Bank loans or buy-sell provisions of business agreements are another acceptable purpose. Life insurance companies are never required by law to underwrite or to provide coverage to anyone, with the exception of Civil Rights Act compliance requirements. Insurance companies alone determine insurability, and some people, for their own health or lifestyle reasons, are deemed uninsurable. The policy can be declined (turned down) or rated Rating increases the premiums to provide for additional risks relative to the particular insured Many companies use four general health categories for those evaluated for a life insurance policy. These categories are Preferred Best, Preferred, Standard, and Tobacco Preferred Best is reserved only for the healthiest individuals in the general population. This means, for instance, that the proposed insured has no adverse medical history, is not under medication for any condition, and his family (immediate and extended) has no history of early cancer, diabetes, or other conditions. Preferred means that the proposed insured is currently under medication for a medical condition and have a family history of particular illnesses Most people are in the Standard category. Profession, travel, and lifestyle factor into whether the proposed insured will be granted a policy, and which category the insured falls. For example, a person who would otherwise be classified as Preferred Best may
be denied a policy if he or she travels to a high risk country.Underwriting practices can vary from insurer to insurer which provide for more competitive offers in certain circumstances. Life insurance contracts are written on the basis of utmost good faith. That is, the proposer and the insurer both accept that the other is acting in good faith. This means that the proposer can assume the contract offers what it represents without having to fine comb the small print and the insurer assumes the proposer is being honest when providing details to underwriter. Death proceeds Upon the insured's death, the insurer requires acceptable proof of death before it pays the claim. The normal minimum proof required is a death certificate and the insurer's claim form completed, signed (and typically notarized If the insured's death is suspicious and the policy amount is large, the insurer may investigate the circumstances surrounding the death before deciding whether it has an obligation to pay the claim. Proceeds from the policy may be paid as a lump sum or as an annuity, which is paid over time in regular recurring payments for either a specified period or for a beneficiary's lifetime. Insurance vs Assurance The specific uses of the terms "insurance" and "assurance" are sometimes confused. In general, in these jurisdictions "insurance" refers to providing cover for an event that might happen (fire, theft, flood, etc.), while "assurance" is the provision of cover for an event that is certain to happen. "Insurance" is the generally accepted term, however, people using this description are liable to be corrected. In the United States both forms of coverage are called "insurance", principally due to many companies offering both types of policy, and rather than refer to themselves using both insurance and assurance titles, they instead use just one.
Types of life insurance
Life insurance may be divided into two basic classes – temporary and permanent or following subclasses - term, universal, whole life and endowment life insurance. TEMPORARY TERM Term assurance: provides for life insurance coverage for a specified term of years for a specified premium. The policy does not accumulate cash value. Term is generally considered "pure" insurance, where the premium buys protection in the event of death and nothing else. The three key factors to be considered in term insurance are: face amount (protection or death benefit), premium to be paid (cost to the insured), and length of coverage (term). Various insurance companies sell term insurance with many different combinations of these three parameters. The face amount can remain constant or decline. The term can be for one or more years. The premium can remain level or increase. A common type of term is called annual renewable term. It is a one year policy but the insurance company guarantees it will issue a policy of equal or lesser amount without regard to the insurability of the insured and with a premium set for the insured's age at that time. Another common type of term insurance is mortgage insurance, which is usually a level premium, declining face value policy. The face amount is intended to equal the amount of the mortgage on the policy owner’s residence so the mortgage will be paid if the insured dies. A policy holder insures his life for a specified term. If he dies before that specified term is up, his estate or named beneficiary receives a payout. If he does not die before the term is up, he receives nothing. In the past these policies would almost always exclude suicide. However, after a number of court judgments against the industry, payouts do occur on death by suicide (presumably except for in the unlikely case that it can be shown that the suicide was just to benefit from the policy). Generally, if an insured person commits suicide within the first two policy years, the insurer will return the
premiums paid. However, a death benefit will usually be paid if the suicide occurs after the two year period.
Permanent Life Insurance Permanent life insurance is life insurance that remains in force (in-line) until the policy matures (pays out), unless the owner fails to pay the premium when due (the policy expires OR policies lapse). The policy cannot be canceled by the insurer for any reason except fraud in the application, and that cancellation must occur within a period of time defined by law (usually two years). Permanent insurance builds a cash value that reduces the amount at risk to the insurance company and thus the insurance expense over time. This means that a policy with a million dollar face value can be relatively expensive to a 70 year old. The owner can access the money in the cash value by withdrawing money, borrowing the cash value, or surrendering the policy and receiving the surrender value. The four basic types of permanent insurance are whole life, universal life, limited pay and endowment. Whole life coverage Whole life insurance provides for a level premium, and a cash value table included in the policy guaranteed by the company. The primary advantages of whole life are guaranteed death benefits, guaranteed cash values, fixed and known annual premiums, and mortality and expense charges will not reduce the cash value shown in the policy. The primary disadvantages of whole life are premium inflexibility, and the internal rate of return in the policy may not be competitive with other savings alternatives. Riders are available that can allow one to increase the death benefit by paying additional premium. The death benefit can also be increased through the use of policy dividends. Dividends cannot be guaranteed and may be higher or lower than historical rates over time. Premiums are much higher than term insurance in the short-term, but cumulative premiums are roughly equal if policies are kept in force until average life expectancy.
Cash value can be accessed at any time through policy "loans". Since these loans decrease the death benefit if not paid back, payback is optional. Cash values are not paid to the beneficiary upon the death of the insured; the beneficiary receives the death benefit only. If the dividend option: Paid up additions is elected, dividend cash values will purchase additional death benefit which will increase the death benefit of the policy to the named beneficiary. Universal life coverage Universal life insurance (UL) is a relatively new insurance product intended to provide permanent insurance coverage with greater flexibility in premium payment and the potential for a higher internal rate of return. There are several types of universal life insurance policies which include "interest sensitive" (also known as "traditional fixed universal life insurance"), variable universal life insurance, and equity indexed universal life insurance. A universal life insurance policy includes a cash account. Premiums increase the cash account. Interest is paid within the policy (credited) on the account at a rate specified by the company. Mortality charges and administrative costs are then charged against (reduce) the cash account. The surrender value of the policy is the amount remaining in the cash account less applicable surrender charges, if any. With all life insurance, there are basically two functions that make it work. There's a mortality function and a cash function. The mortality function would be the classical notion of pooling risk where the premiums paid by everybody else would cover the death benefit for the one or two who will die for a given period of time. The cash function inherent in all life insurance says that if a person is to reach age 95 to 100 (the age varies depending on state and company), then the policy matures and endows the face value of the policy. Actuarially, it is reasoned that out of a group of 1000 people, if even 10 of them live to age 95, then the mortality function alone will not be able to cover the cash function. So in order to cover the cash function, a minimum rate of investment return on the premiums will be required in the event that a policy matures.
Universal life insurance addresses the perceived disadvantages of whole life. Premiums are flexible. Depending on how interest is credited, the internal rate of return can be higher because it moves with prevailing interest rates (interest-sensitive) or the financial markets (Equity Indexed Universal Life and Variable Universal Life). Mortality costs and administrative charges are known. And cash value may be considered more easily attainable because the owner can discontinue premiums if the cash value allows it. And universal life has a more flexible death benefit because the owner can select one of two death benefit options, Option A and Option B. Option A pays the face amount at death as it's designed to have the cash value equal the death benefit at maturity (usually at age 95 or 100). With each premium payment, the policy owner is reducing the cost of insurance until the cash value reaches the face amount upon maturity. Option B pays the face amount plus the cash value, as it's designed to increase the net death benefit as cash values accumulate. Option B offers the benefit of an increasing death benefit every year that the policy stays in force. The drawback to option B is that because the cash value is accumulated "on top of" the death benefit, the cost of insurance never decreases as premium payments are made. Thus, as the insured gets older, the policy owner is faced with an ever increasing cost of insurance (it costs more money to provide the same initial face amount of insurance as the insured gets older). Limited-pay Another type of permanent insurance is Limited-pay life insurance, in which all the premiums are paid over a specified period after which no additional premiums are due to keep the policy in force. Common limited pay periods include 10-year, 20-year, and paid-up at age 65. Endowments Endowments are policies in which the cash value built up inside the policy, equals the death benefit (face amount) at a certain age. The age this commences is known as the endowment age. Endowments are considerably more expensive (in terms of annual premiums) than either whole life or universal life because the premium paying period is shortened and the endowment date is earlier.
In the United States, the Technical Corrections Act of 1988 tightened the rules on tax shelters (creating modified endowments). These follow tax rules as annuities and IRAs do. Endowment Insurance is paid out whether the insured lives or dies, after a specific period (e.g. 15 years) or a specific age (e.g. 65).
Accidental Death Accidental death is a limited life insurance that is designed to cover the insured when they pass away due to an accident. Accidents include anything from an injury, but do not typically cover any deaths resulting from health problems or suicide. Because they only cover accidents, these policies are much less expensive than other life insurances. It is also very commonly offered as "accidental death and dismemberment insurance", also known as an AD&D policy. In an AD&D policy, benefits are available not only for accidental death, but also for loss of limbs or bodily functions such as sight and hearing, etc. Accidental death and AD&D policies very rarely pay a benefit; either the cause of death is not covered, or the coverage is not maintained after the accident until death occurs. To be aware of what coverage they have, an insured should always review their policy for what it covers and what it excludes. Often, it does not cover an insured who puts themselves at risk in activities such as: parachuting, flying an airplane, professional sports, or involvement in a war (military or not). Also, some insurers will exclude death and injury caused by proximate causes due to (but not limited to) racing on wheels and mountaineering. Accidental death benefits can also be added to a standard life insurance policy as a rider. If this rider is purchased, the policy will generally pay double the face amount if the insured dies due to an accident. This used to be commonly referred to as a double indemnity coverage. In some cases, some companies may even offer a triple indemnity cov
HDFC Incorporated in 1977 with a share capital of Rs 10 Crores, HDFC has since emerged as the largest residential mortgage finance institution in the country. The corporation has had a series of share issues raising its capital to Rs. 119 Crores. The gross premium income for the year ending March 31, 2007 stood at Rs. 2,856 Crores and new business premium income at Rs. 1,624 Crores. The company has covered over 8,77,000 lives year ending March 31, 2007.
HDFC operates through almost 450 locations throughout the country with its corporate head quarters in Mumbai, India. HDFC also has an International Office in Dubai, UAE with service associates in Kuwait, Oman and Qatar. HDFC is the largest housing company in India for the last 27 years.
• • • Incorporated in 1977 as the first specialized Mortgage Company in India. Almost 90% of initial shareholding in the hands of domestic institutes and retail investors. Current 77% of shares held by foreign institutional investors. Besides the core business of mortgage HDFC has evolved into a financial conglomerate with holdings In: HDFC Standard Life insurance Company- HDFC holds 78.07 %. HDFC Asset Management Company – HDFC holds 50.1% HDFC Bank- HDFC holds 22.25%. Intelenet Global (Business Process Outsourcing) – HDFC holds 50%. HDFC Chubb General Insurance Company – HDFC holds 74%.
• • •
• Loan Approvals (up to Dec 2007) Loan Disbursements (up to Dec. 2007) Housing Units Financed Distribution Offices 181 90 Rs. 805 billion. (US $ 18.30 bn.) Rs.669 billion (US $ 15.20 bn) 2.5 million.
Mr. Deepak S Parekh is the Chairman of the Company. He is also the Executive Chairman of Housing Development Finance Corporation Limited (HDFC Limited). He joined HDFC Limited in a senior management position in 1978. He was inducted as a whole-time director of HDFC Limited in 1985 and was appointed as its Executive Chairman in 1993. He is the Chief Executive Officer of HDFC Limited. Mr. Parekh is a Fellow of the Institute of Chartered Accountants (England & Wales).
Mr. Deepak M Satwalekar is the Managing Director and CEO of the Company since November, 2000. Prior to this, he was the Managing Director of HDFC Limited since 1993. Mr. Satwalekar obtained a Bachelors Degree in Technology from the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay and a Masters Degree in Business Administration from The American University, Washington DC.
HDFC Bank: World Class Indian Bank- among the top private banks in India. HDFC AMC: One of the top 3 AMCs in India- Preferred investment manager. Intelenet Global: BPO services for international customers. CIBIL: Credit Information Bureau India Limited. HDFC Chubb: Upcoming Private companies in the field of General Insurance. HDFC Mutual Fund HDFC reality.com: Helps to search properties in all major cities in India HDFC securities
Standard Life is Europe’s largest mutual life assurance company. Standard Life, which has been in the life insurance business for the past 175 years is a modern company surviving quite a few changes since selling its first policy in 1825. The company expanded in the 19th century from kits original Edinburgh premises, opening offices in other towns and acquitting other similar businesses. Standard Life Currently has assets exceeding over £ 70 billion under its management and has the distinction of being accorded “AAA” rating consequently for the six years by Standard and Poor.
• • • Founded in 1875, company supporting generation for last 179 years. Currently over 5 million Policy holders benefiting from the services offered. Europe’s largest mutual life insurer.
HDFC Standard Life Insurance Company Limited was one of the first companies to be granted license by the IRDA to operate in life insurance sector. Reach of the JV player is highly rated and been conferred with many awards. HDFC is rated ‘AAA ’ by both CRISIL and ICRA. Similarly, Standard Life is rated ‘AAA’ both by Moody’s and Standard and Poor’s. These reflect the efficiency with which HDFC and Standard Life manage their asset base of Rs. 15,000 Cr and Rs. 600,000 Cr. respectively. HDFC Standard Life Insurance Company Ltd was incorporated on 14th August 2000. HDFC is the majority stakeholder in the insurance JV with 81.4% staple and Standard of as a staple 18.6% Mr. Deepak Satwalekar is the MD and CEO of the venture. HDFC Standard Life Insurance Company Ltd. Is one of India’s leading Private Life Insurance Companies, which offers a range of individual and group insurance solutions. It is a joint venture between Housing Development Finance Corporation Limited (HDFC Ltd.) India’s leading housing finance institution and the Standard Life Assurance Company, a leading provider of financial services from the United Kingdom. Both the promoters are will known for their ethical dealings and financial strength and are thus committed to being a long-term player in the life insurance industry- all important factors to consider when choosing your insurer.
Track Record so far The gross premium income of HDFC, for the year ending March 31, 2007 stood at Rs. 2,856 crores and new business premium income at Rs. 1,624 crores. The company has covered over 8,77,000 lives year ending March 31, 2007. Company also declared our 5th consecutive bonus in as many years for our ‘with profit’ policyholders.
Financial Expertise As a joint venture of leading financial services groups. HDFC standard Life has the financial expertise required to manage long-term investments safely and efficiently. Range of Solutions HDFC SLIC has a range of individual and group solutions, which can be easily customized to specific needs. These group solutions have been designed to offer complete flexibility combined with a low charging structure. Strong Ethical Values: HDFC SLIC is an ethical and Cultural Organization. False selling or false commitment with the customers is not allowed. Most respected Private Insurance Company HDFC SLIC was awarded No-1 Private Insurance Company in 2004 by the World Class Magazine Business World for Integrity, Innovation and Customer Care.
'The most successful and admired life insurance company, which means that we are the most trusted company, the easiest to deal with, offer the best value for money, and set the standards in the industry'. 'The most obvious choice for all'.
.Integrity .Innovation .Customer centric .People Care One for all .Teamwork .Joy and Simplicity
PRODUCTS & SERVICES
The right investment strategies won't just help plan for a more comfortable tomorrow -they will help you get “Sar Utha ke Jiyo”. At HDFC SLIC, life insurance plans are created keeping in mind the changing needs of family. Its life insurance plans are designed to provide you with flexible options that meet both protection and savings needs. It offers a full range of transparent, flexible and value for money products. HDFC SLIC products are modern and contemporary unitized products that offer unique customer benefits like flexibility to choose cover levels, indexation and partial withdrawals. (Source: www.hdfcslic.com)
PLANS THAT ARE OFFERED BY HDFC STANDARDS LIFE INSURANCE
Protection Plans A person can protect his family against the loss of his income or the burden of a loan in the event of his unfortunate demise, disability or sickness. These plans offer valuable peace of mind at a small price. Protection range includes our Term Assurance Plan & Loan Cover Term Assurance Plan. Investment Plans HDFC SLIC’s Single Premium Whole of Life plan is well suited to meet long term investment needs. This provides attractive long term returns through regular bonuses. Pension Plans Pension Plans help to secure financial independence even after retirement. Pension range includes Personal Pension Plan, Unit Linked Pension, Unit Linked Pension Plus. Savings Plans Savings Plans offer a flexible option to build savings for future needs such as buying a dream home or fulfilling your children’s immediate and future needs. Savings range includes Endowment Assurance Plan, Unit Linked Endowment, Unit Linked Endowment Plus, Unit Linked Endowment Plus II, Money Back, Unit Linked Enhanced Life Protection II, Children's Plan, Unit Linked Young Star, Unit Linked Young Star Plus, Unit Linked Young Star Plus II.
One-stop shop for employee-benefit solutions HDFC Standard Life has the most comprehensive list of products for progressive employers who wish to provide the best and most innovative employee benefit solutions to their employees. It offers different products for different needs of employers ranging from term insurance plans for pure protection to voluntary plans such as superannuation and leave encashment. HDFC SLIC offers the following group products to esteemed corporate clients: Group Term Insurance Group Variable Term Insurance Group Unit-Linked Plan An investment solution that provides funding vehicle to manage corpuses with Gratuity, Defined Benefit or Defined Contribution Superannuation or Leave Encashment schemes of your company Also suitable for other employee benefit schemes such as salary saving schemes and wealth management schemes
Development Insurance Plan Development Insurance plan is an insurance plan which provides life cover to members of a Development Agency for a term of one year. On the death of any member of the group insured during the year of cover, a lump sum is paid to those member beneficiaries to help meet some of the immediate financial needs following their loss.
Eligibility Members of the development agency and their spouses with: - Minimum age at the start of the policy 18 years last birthday
- Maximum age at the start of policy 50 years last birthday Employees of the Development Agency are not eligible to join the group. The group to be covered is only eligible if it contains more than 500 members. Premium Payments The premium to be paid will be quoted per member in the group and will be the same for all members of the group. The premium can only be paid by the Development Agency as a single lump sum that includes all premiums for the group to be covered. Cover will not start until the premium and all the member information in our specified format has been received.
Benefits On the death of each member covered by the policy during the year of cover a lump sum equal to the sum assured will be paid to their beneficiaries or legal heirs. Where the death is as a result of an accident, an additional lump sum will be paid equal to half the sum assured. There are no benefits paid at the end of the year of cover and there is no surrender value available at any time. The role of the Development Agency Due to the nature of the groups covered, HDFC Standard Life will be passing certain administrative tasks onto the Development Agency. By passing on these tasks the premium charged can be lower. These tasks would include: Submission of member data in a specified computer format Collection of premiums from group members Recording changes in the details of group members Disbursement of claim payments and the mortality rebate (if any) to group members These tasks would be in addition to the usual duties of a policyholder such as: Payment of premiums Reporting of claims
Keeping policy holder information up to date
Training and support will be available to give guidance on how to complete the tasks appropriately. Since these additional tasks will impose a burden on the Development Agency, the Development Agency may charge a Rs. 10 administration fee to their members.
Prohibition of rebates Section 41 of the Insurance Act, 1938 states No person shall allow or offer to allow, either directly or indirectly, as an inducement to any person to take out or renew or continue an insurance in respect of any kind of risk relating to lives or property in India, any rebate of the whole or part of the commission payable or any rebate of the premium shown on the policy, nor shall any person taking out or renewing or continuing a policy accept any rebate, except such rebate as may be allowed in accordance with the published prospectus or tables of the insurer If any person fails to comply with sub regulation (previous point) above, he shall be liable to payment of a fine which may extend to rupees five hundred
INTRODUCTION TO UNIT LINKED FUNDS
Unit linked plans are based on the component of the premium or the contribution of the customer towards the plan. This contribution can be in different modes like yearly, half yearly, quarterly and monthly. Unit linked plans have multiple benefits like life protection, rider protection, savings, transparency, investment choices, liquidity and planning for taxes. These plans work like mutual funds. The premium is collected from the policy holder. He is allotted a certain number of units based of his contribution. The Net Asset Value is the value of each unit of the fund. It is found by subtracting the charges and current liabilities from the current assets and
investments and dividing this number by the total number of outstanding units. Let us take an example. There are 100 investors and each invests Rs. 10 in a fund. The total value of the fund is Rs. 1000 and each person is allotted 1 unit of Rs 10. Now the money (Rs. 1000) is invested in the debt or equity market. Suppose the fund value increased by 20%. As a result the Rs. 1000 invested became Rs. 1200. Hence the value of every investor is now Rs. 12 and not Rs. 10. UNIT LINKED VERSUS OTHER FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS Parameters Safety Liquidity Returns Life Cover Tax benefits RBI Bonds High None Low 1 time amount Tax free Fixed Deposits High High Low 1 time amount Taxed Mutual Funds Medium High High 1 time amount Taxed Unit linked High High High 10 times Tax free
We find that life insurance unit linked plans is a good area to invest money in as it provides liquidity, safety, high returns, life cover and tax benefits in a single plan. HDFC SLIC offers the option of indexation to beat inflation. Risk is reduced to a large extent as the company invests in a diversified portfolio of stocks.
INCOME SECTION Sec. 80C
TAX GROSS SALARY
ANNUAL HOW MUCH TAX HDFC CAN YOU SAVE? Rs.
Across All income Upto Slabs saved
33,990 All the life insurance on plans. of
investment Rs. 1,00,000. Sec. 80 CCC Across all income Upto slabs. saved Investment Rs.1,00,000. Sec. 80 D Across all income Upto slabs saved Investment Rs. 10,000. TOTAL SAVINGS Rs. Rs.
33,990 All the pension plans. on of
3,399 All the health insurance on riders available with the of conventional plans.
Rs37,389 Rs. 33,990 under Sec. 80C and under Sec. 80 CCC , Rs.3,399 under Sec. 80 D, calculated for a male with gross annual income exceeding Rs. 10,00,000.
Sec. 10 (10)D
Under Sec. 10(10D), the benefits you receive are completely taxfree, subject to the conditions laid down therein.
COMPANY PROFILE OF TATA AIG LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY LTD.
TATA AIG LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY LIMITED
Introduction Tata AIG Life Insurance Company Limited (Tata AIG Life) is a joint venture company, formed by the Tata Group and American International Group, Inc. (AIG). Tata AIG Life combines the Tata Group’s pre-eminent leadership position in India and AIG’s global presence as the world’s leading international insurance and financial services organization. The Tata Group holds 74 per cent stake in the insurance venture with AIG holding the balance 26 percent. Tata AIG Life provides insurance solutions to individuals and corporate. Tata AIG Life Insurance Company was licensed to operate in India on February 12, 2001 and started operations on April 1, 2001. THE TATA GROUP The Tata Group is one of India's largest and most respected business conglomerates, with revenues in 2004-05 of $17.8 billion (Rs. 799,118 million), the equivalent of about 2.8 per cent of the country's GDP. Tata companies together employ some 215,000 people. The Group's 32 publicly listed enterprises - among them standout names such as Tata Steel, Tata Consultancy Services, Tata Motors and Tata Tea - have a combined market capitalization that is the highest among Indian business houses in the private sector, and a shareholder base of over 2 million. The Tata Group has operations in more than 40 countries across six continents, and its companies export products and services to 140 nations. AIG American International Group, Inc. (AIG), world leaders in insurance and financial services, is the leading international insurance organization with operations in more than 130 countries and jurisdictions. AIG companies serve commercial, institutional and individual customers through the most extensive worldwide property-casualty and life insurance networks of any insurer. In addition, AIG companies are leading providers of retirement services, financial services and asset management around the world. AIG's common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange as well as the stock exchanges in London, Paris, Switzerland and Tokyo.
Tata AIG has strong brand name and recall factor which most of its competitors lack in. Other than the public behemoth Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) of India which has a major hold in the market share (of approximately 79%), the private players too are having more and more opportunities to tighten their hold of the market. Of the private players, ICICI Prudential comes first with an almost 4.50% of the market share followed by Tata AIG with about 2.10% of the pie. The private players have everything to work for, especially with LIC not meeting the needs of its clientele with respect to the services they need. This provides a prospect for the private sector players to increase their share of the market. Companies with a familiarity such as Tata AIG can especially achieve their targets due to the brand image that the Tata group has. (Source: www.tata-aig-life.com) A recent survey conducted by the Voluntary Organization in Interest of Consumer Education (VOICE) revealed Tata AIG Life Insurance Company (Tata AIG Life) as the clear winner in terms of customer satisfaction in the life insurance category. This is India's first-ever customer satisfaction study for the insurance sector. The survey also revealed that Tata AIG Life had a high recall as a reputed brand name. The ability to provide innovative and customer-focused service such as allowing the maximum grace period for premium payment has not only further distinguished Tata AIG Life from other life insurance companies but also appealed to consumers.
PRODUCTS & SERVICES: Corporate life insurance products: • • • • • Employee Benefits Credit Life Group Pensions Workplace Solutions Health First
Individual life insurance products:
• • • •
Health Protector Mahalife InvestAssure II, InvestAssure Gold Shubh life, Nirbhay life
With respect to individual life insurance products, Tata AIG has an array of policies to suit the needs and requirements of all age groups viz, children, students, adults, retirees etc. The ‘SUPPORT’ arm of Tata AIG Life is constituted of Operations, Human Resources, Marketing, Corporate Training, Finance and Compliance. Tata AIG Life possesses the philosophy and drive to customize retirement obligations (for the company) which occur in the form of cash outflows, for the maximum benefit of both the employer and the departing employee.
POINTS OF PARITY AND POINTS OF DIFFERENCE BETWEEN HDFC SLIC AND TATA AIG
Points of Parity
Funds available with ULIP Plans
General Description Equity Funds Income, Fixed Interest and Bond Funds
Nature of Investments Primarily invested in company stocks with the general aim of capital appreciation Invested in corporate bonds, government securities and other fixed income instruments Sometimes known as Money Market Funds — invested in cash, bank deposits and money market instruments Combining equity investment with fixed interest instruments
Risk Category High
Generally all life insurance companies have three types of fund which are Equity fund, Debt fund and Balance fund. These fund have different risk profile. Equity fund has high risk but it gives high return, Debt fund has low risk so it gives low return and Balanced fund is combination of both Equity and Debt fund so risk is medium and return is also low. Both HDFC SLIC and Tata AIG LIC have 7 types of funds based on combination of Debt–Equity fund. These are liquid fund, stable managed fund, secure managed fund, defensive managed fund, balanced managed fund, equity managed fund, growth fund. Indexation You have the option to increase your regular premiums by an indexation rate at any policy anniversary to protect the real value of your investment against inflation. The rate of indexation will be in line with the increase in the Whole Sale Price Index (or in the event that this Index ceases to be published such other index as the Company may select for this purpose). The base sum assured and sum assured of any attached rider would also be increased by the corresponding indexation increase.
Charges, Fees and Deductions in ULIP • Premium Allocation Charge
This is a premium-based charge. After deducting this charge from premiums, the remainder is invested to buy units. The Allocation charges are guaranteed for the entire duration of policy term. • Mortality Charge
The Mortality Charge will apply on the Sum at Risk (SAR = Sum Assured less the Fund Value pertaining to regular premiums). It will be deducted by monthly cancellation of units from the accumulation unit account. The Mortality Charge shall remain guaranteed throughout the policy term.
Fund Management Charge
1% p.a. on With Profits Fund, 1% p.a. on Debt Fund, 1.25% p.a. on Balanced Fund and 1.50% p.a. on Growth Fund. FMC will be applied on the fund while calculating NAV on a daily basis. The maximum FMC on any fund is 2% p.a. subject to prior approval by the IRDA. •
Policy Administration Charge
Rs. 60 per month, which will increase by 5% p.a. on the 1st of January each year. PAC will be deducted monthly by cancellation of units from the accumulation unit account. If premiums are discontinued, this charge would reduce to 60% of the charge applicable for the premium paying policies •
This is the charge that applies when the policy is surrendered. It is equal to 50% of the difference between regular premiums expected and those paid in the first year of the contract. • Service Tax Deductions
12.36% service tax is applicable on the first premium of life insurance policy. Tax Benefits Tax benefits will be as per Section 80C & Section 10(10D) of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Insurance is tax free up to Rs. 100000 per annum and the returns on investment on maturity of the policy are also tax free. Riders and Bonuses HDFC Standard Life Insurance 15 days Based on company's performance Based on company's performance Minimum Rs. 5000
Tata AIG Life Insurance 15 days Based on company's performance Based on company's performance Minimum Rs. 5000
Free Look Period Reversionary Bonus Terminal Bonus TOP UP Riders Critical Illness (CI) Benefit Additional Term Benefit (ATB) Accidental Death Benefit (ADB) Double Benefit Triple Benefit Payer Benefit Rider (PBR) Waiver of Premium (WOP) Benefit
Gives on diagnosis of anyone of 6 critical illness Provides Provides Provides Provides Does not provide Provides
Gives on diagnosis of anyone of 12 critical illness Provides Provides Does not provide Does not provide Provides Provides
Points of Difference
HDFC Standard Life Insurance Grace Period Policy Administration Charge Guaranteed Bonus Loyalty Bonus Fund Switching Charge Guaranteed Surrender value Fund Management Charge 15 days Rs. 60 per month Does not give 0.1% every year Total 24 free switches in a policy after this Rs. 100 per Switch 50% of all premium paid excluding 1st premium 0.80% per annum on the fund value Total 12 free Premium Redirection in a policy after this Rs. 250 per Premium Redirection 42.70% Tata AIG Life Insurance 31 days Rs. 55 per month 10% on sum-assured after 10 year 0.25% after every 4th year 4 free switches per year after this Rs. 250 per switch 30% of all premium paid excluding 1st premium 1.75% per annum on the fund value First 2 Premium Redirection in a year is free after this Rs. 1000 per Premium Redirection 72%
Premium Redirection Charge
Last Year Return
We see that both the life insurance companies’ products are almost same. They have same charges, fees and deductions. There is slightly difference in charges and maximum limits of all charges are fixed by IRDA. Before buying any life insurance policy one should check charges and fees on policy and company’s overall performance and return given to its consumer.
LIFE INSURANCE CORPORATION OF INDIA (LIC) LIC has an excellent money back policy which provides for periodic payments of partial survival benefits as long as the policy holder is alive. 20% of the sum assured is payable after 5, 10, 15 and 20 years and the balance 40% is payable at the 20th year along with accrued bonus. (www.lic.com) For a 25 years term , 15% of the sum assured becomes payable after 5,10,15 and 20 years and the balance 40% plus the accrued bonus becomes payable at the 25th year. An important feature of these types of policies is that in the event of the death of the policy holder at any time within the policy term the death claim comprises of full sum assured without deducting any of the survival benefit amounts which have already been paid. The bonus is also calculated on the full sum assured. HDFC SLIC does not have a money back policy. It could offer a money back plan and capture some portion of this market. While marketing insurance products I found that many customers wanted to purchase these plans. LIC offers 66 different plans; plans are formulated for specific occasions – whole life plans, term assurance plans, money back plan for women, child plans, plans for the handicapped individuals, endowment assurance plans, plans for high worth individuals, pension plans, unit linked plans, special plans, social security schemes – diversified portfolio of products. HDFC SLIC could diversify its product portfolio. It could add more plans for high worth individuals and women.
ICICI PRUDENTIAL ICICI Prudential is a stiff competitor for HDFC SLIC. The company is a merger between ICICI Bank which is the biggest private bank in India and Prudential Plc which is a global life insurance company. The company has an investment plan which is market related – Invest Shield Life. In this plan even if the market falls, the premium will be returned to investors. It is a guaranteed plan which ensures the company carefully invests your money. The stock market performance of ICICI Prudential is much better than HDFC SLIC. The returns on the growth fund were 46.28% compared to the 42.70% offered by HDFC SLIC. Customers are attracted by higher returns and this is a plus point for Prudential. The company is very well advertised. The advertisements are showcased in movies, television, newspapers, magazines, bill boards, radio etc. The company has an excellent brand ambassador – Mr. Amitabh Bacchan. His promotion of the company builds trust and faith in the minds of our people. However the charges are very high in the plans offered by ICICI Prudential. It is 35% during the first year, 15% in the next year and 3% from the third year onwards. Also a higher minimum premium of Rs. 8000 is charged. Hence the policies are not accessible to the lower strata of the society. (Source: www.iciciprulife.com)
BIRLA SUN LIFE Birla Sun Life Insurance Company Limited is a joint venture between The Aditya Birla Group, one of the largest business houses in India and Sun Life Financial Inc., a leading international financial services organization. The local knowledge of the Aditya Birla Group combined with the expertise of Sun Life Financial Inc., offers a formidable protection for your future. (Source: www.birlasunlife.com) The Aditya Birla Group has a turnover close to Rs. 33000 crores with a market capitalization of Rs. 53400 crores (as on 31st March 2007). It has over 72000 employees across all its units worldwide. It is led by its Chairman - Mr. Kumar
Mangalam Birla. Some of the key organizations within the group are Hindalco and Grasim. Sun Life Financial Inc. and its partners today have operations in key markets worldwide, including Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, Hong Kong, the Philippines, Japan, Indonesia, India, China and Bermuda. It had assets under management of over US$343 billion, as on 31st March 2007. The company is a leading player in the life insurance market in Canada. Being a customer centric company, BSLI has invested heavily in technology to build world class processing capabilities. BSLI has covered more than a million lives since inception and its customer base is spread across more than 1000 towns and cities in India. All this has assisted the company in cementing its place amongst the leaders in the industry in terms of new business premium income. The company has a capital base of 520 crores as on 31st July, 2007. Its Flexi Life Line Plan offers life long insurance cover till the policy holder is 100 years of age. There are guaranteed returns of 3% p.a. net of policy charges after every 5 years from the eleventh policy year onwards. However the charges are very high. The initial charges for the first year are 65%. Hence the fund value is greatly reduced. BAJAJ ALLIANZ Bajaj Allianz is a joint venture between Allianz AG with over 110 years of experience in over 70 countries and Bajaj Auto, a trusted automobile manufacturer for over 55 years in the Indian market. Together they are committed to offering you financial solutions that provide all the security you need for your family and yourself. Bajaj Allianz is the number one private life insurer for the year 2005 – 2006. It is leading by 78 crores. It has experienced a whopping growth of 216% in the last financial year. The company has sold 13, 00,000 policies and is backed by 550 offices across India. It offers travel insurance, motor insurance, home insurance, health and corporate insurance. The mortality charges are lower than HDFC SLIC. The entry age could be zero years which allow even new born babies to be insured. (Source: www.bajajallianz.com)
TATA AIG Tata Aig is a joint venture between the Tata group and American International Group Inc. In one of the plans the company offers hospital cash benefit wherein it will pay Rs. 2500 per day in case of hospitalization and Rs.12.5 lakhs in case the person suffers from any critical illness. Annual premium is much less (about Rs. 6712) to avail such a good benefit. Charges are relatively low compared to HDFC SLIC for some policies. The company offers high coverage plans at low cost. There is a plan even for a policy term of 1 year. Your family can continue to enjoy their current lifestyle even in the case of something happening to you. These plans are very flexible and HDFC SLIC could adopt this idea of insuring individuals for short periods of time. For example; there is a family of four. The only earning member is the father. He has just taken a loan from a bank of 20 lakhs to purchase a new home. He is able to repay the loan with his current salary in 15 years. The problem arises if something were to happen to him within these fifteen years. Not only will the family face the emotional and financial loss of their father but they will also have to repay the home loan or risk being homeless. (Source: www.tataaig.com)
ANALYSIS & INTERPRETATION
ANALYSIS & INTERPRETATION “A SURVEY ON THE LIFE INSURANCE INDUSTRY IN INDIA” AGE GROUP OF SURVEYED RESPONDENTS TABLE 1:
Age group 18 - 25 years 26 - 35 years 36 - 49 years 50 - 60 years More than 60 years
No. of Respondents 127 67 46 24 6
From the chart above we find that 47% of the respondents fall in the age group of 18 – 25 years, 25% fall in the age group of 26 – 35 years and 17% fall in the age group of 36 – 49 years. Therefore most of the respondents are relatively young (below 26 years of age). These individuals could be induced to purchase insurance plans on the basis of its tax saving nature and as an investment opportunity with high returns. Individuals at this age are trying to buy a house or a car. Insurance could help them with this and this fact has to be conveyed to the consumer. As of now many consumers have a false perception that insurance is only meant for people above the age of 50. Contrary to popular belief the younger you are the more insurance you need as your loss will mean a great financial loss to your family, spouse and children (in case the individual is married) who are financially dependent on you. GENDER CLASSIFICATION OF SURVEYED RESPONDENTS TABLE 2:
Particulars Male Female
No. of Respondents 193 77
CUSTOMER PROFILE OF SURVEYED RESPONDENTS
TABLE 3: Customer profile Student Housewife Working Professional Business Self Employed Government service employee No. of respondents 62 5 116 49 24 14
INTERPRETATION: From the chart above it can clearly be seen that 43% of the respondents are working professionals, 23% are students and 18% are into business. Therefore the target market would be working individuals in the age group of 18 – 25 years having surplus income, interested in good returns on their investment and saving income tax. NO. OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE LIFE INSURANCE POLICY IN THEIR NAME TABLE 4: Person who have life insurance policy Yes 103 No 167
INTERPRETATION: This graph shows that out of total 270 respondents only 103 or 38% respondents have life insurance policy in their name. Rest all don’t have a single policy in their name. So there is a very big scope for life insurance companies to cover these people. So in future business of life insurace will gro further. MARKET SHARE OF LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES TABLE 5: LIFE INSURER HDFC STANDARD LIFE BIRLA SUN LIFE AVIVA LIFE INSURANCE BAJAJ ALLIANZ LIC TATA AIG ICICI PRUDENTIAL ING VYSYA BHARTI AXA OTHERS NUMBER OF POLICIES 4 3 6 7 55 6 12 6 2 2
INTERPRETATION: In India, the largest life insurance company is Life Insurance Corporation of India. It has been in existence in India since 1956 and is completely owned by the Government of India. Today the organization has grown to 2048 offices serving 18 crore policies and has a corpus of over 340000 crore INR.
ANNUAL PREMIUM PAID BY INDIVIDUALS FOR LIFE INSURANCE
Premium paid (p.a.) Rs. 5000 - Rs. 10000 Rs. 10001 - Rs. 15000 Rs. 15001 - Rs. 24900 Rs. 25000 - Rs. 50000 Rs. 50001 - Rs. 60000 Rs.60001 - Rs. 80000 Rs. 80001 - Rs. 100000 CHART 6:
No. of respondents 40 26 18 10 4 2 3
ANNUAL PREMIUM PAID BY INDIVIDUALS FOR LIFE INSURANCE
INTERPRETATION: From the chart above we find that, 39% of the respondents surveyed pay an annual premium less than Rs. 10001 towards life insurance. 25% of the respondents pay an annual premium less than Rs. 15001 and 17% pay an annual premium less than Rs. 25000. Hence we can safely say that HDFC SLIC would be able to capture the market better if it introduced products/plans where the minimum premium starts at Rs. 5000 per annum. Only 19% of the respondents pay more than Rs. 25000 as premium and most products sold by HDFC SLIC have Rs.12000 as the minimum annual premium amount. They should introduce more products like Easy Life Plus and Safe Guard where the minimum premium is Rs.6000 p.a. and Rs. 12000 p.a. respectively. This would definitely increase their market share as more individuals would be able to afford the policies/plans offered.
POPULAR LIFE INSURANCE PLANS TABLE 7:
Type of Plan Term Insurance Plans Endowment Plans Pension Plans Child Plans Tax Saving Plans
No. of Respondents 105 122 16 8 19
CHART 7: POPULAR LIFE INSURANCE PLANS
INTERPRETATION: From the chart given above we can clearly see that 45% of the respondents hold endowment plans and 39% of the respondents hold term insurance plans. Endowment plans are very popular and serve two purposes – life cover and savings. If the policy holder dies during the policy term the nominee gets the death benefit that is, sum assured and accumulated bonus. On survival the policy holder receives the survival benefit with a bonus. A term plan is a pure risk cover plan wherein the insured pays a lower premium for a higher sum assured. Term insurance is the cheapest form of insurance and helps the policy holder insure himself for a relatively low premium. For the returns sensitive investor term plans do not find favor as they do not offer a return in case the individual does not die during the policy term.
AWARENESS OF UNIT LINKED INSURANCE PLANS TABLE 8: Awareness of Unit Linked Plans Yes No CHART 8: AWARENESS OF UNIT LINKED INSURANCE PLANS No. of Respondents 154 116
INTERPRETATION: From the chart given above we find that 57% of the respondents are aware of unit linked life insurance plans and 43% are not aware of such plans. These plans should be promoted through advertising. The company can advertise through television, radio, newspapers, bill boards and pamphlets. This would increase awareness and arouse curiosity in the minds of the consumer which would enable the company to market its products more effectively.
Unit – linked plans are those where the benefits are expressed in terms of number of units and unit price. They can be viewed as a combination of insurance and mutual funds. The number of units a customer would get would depend on the unit price when they pay the premium. When the policy matures the individual gets his fund value. The value of his fund is calculated by multiplying the net asset value and number of units held by them on that day.
CONSUMER WILLINGNESS TO SPEND ON LIFE INSURANCE PREMIUM TABLE 9: No. of Willingness to spend on premium Less than Rs. 6,000 Rs. 6,001 - Rs. 10,000 Rs. 10,001 - Rs. 25,000 Rs. 25,001 - Rs. 50,000 respondents 41 73 110 41 Percentage 15% 27% 41% 15%
Rs. 50,001 - Rs. 1,00,000
CHART 9: CONSUMER WILLINGNESS TO SPEND ON LIFE INSURANCE PREMIUM
INTERPRETATION: From the graph above, we can clearly see that 41% of the respondents would be willing to spend between Rs. 10001 – Rs. 25000 for life insurance. 27 % would be willing to spend between Rs. 6001 – Rs. 10000 per annum. Only 15% would be willing to spend more than Rs. 25000 per annum as life insurance premium. We could say that the maximum premium payable by most consumers is less than Rs. 25000 p.a. This is further reduced as most customers have already invested with LIC, ICICI Prudential, Birla Sun Life, Bajaj Allianz etc. HDFC SLIC is faced with a large amount of competition. There are 18 insurance companies in India inclusive of LIC. Hence to capture a larger part of the market the company could introduce more reasonable plans with lesser premium payable per annum.
CHART SHOWING IDEAL POLICY TERM
Ideal policy term 3 - 5 years 6 - 9 years 10 - 15 years 16 - 20 years 21 - 25 years 26 - 30 years More than 30 years Whole life Policy
No. of respondents 51 41 95 38 24 5 3 13
CHART 10: CHART SHOWING IDEAL POLICY TER
INTERPRETATION: From the chart given above it can be seen that 35% of the respondents prefer a policy term of 10 – 15 years, 19% prefer a term of 3 – 5 years and 15% prefer a term of 6 – 9 years. This means that HDFC SLIC could introduce more plans wherein the premium paying term is less than 15 years. The outlook of insurance as a product should be changed from something which you pay for your whole life (whole life policy) and do not receive any benefit (the nominee only receives the benefit in case of your death) to an extremely useful investment opportunity with the prospects of good returns on savings, tax saving opportunities as well as providing for every milestone in your life like marriage, education, children and retirement.
FACTORS THAT MOTIVATE RESPONDENTS TO PURCHASE INSURANCE TABLE 11:
Parameter Advertisements High returns Advice from friends Family responsibilities Others
No. of Respondents 35 84 46 89 16
INTERPRETATION: From the chart above it can be seen that 33% of the respondents purchase life insurance to secure their families, 33% take life insurance to get high returns, 17% purchase insurance on the advice of their friends and 13% purchase insurance because of the influence of advertisements. The main purpose of insurance is to cover the financial or economic loss that occurs to the family in case of the uncertain death of the policy holder. But now a days this trend is changing. Along with protection (life cover), a savings element is being added to insurance.
With the introduction of the new unit linked plans in the market, policy holders get the option to choose where their money will be invested. They can invest their money in the equity market, debt market, money market or a combination of these. The debt and money markets usually have low risk attached whereas the equity market is a high risk investment option. PREFERRED COMPANY TYPE OF THE RESPONDENTS TABLE 12:
Type of Company Government Owned Company Public Limited Company Private Company Foreign Company
No. of Respondents 127 62 49 32
Percentage 47% 23% 18% 12%
CHART 12: PREFERRED COMPANY TYPE OF THE RESPONDENTS
INTERPRETATION: From the graph above we find that 60% of the respondents preferred to purchase insurance from a government owned company, 29% of the respondents preferred to purchase insurance from a public limited company and only 4% of the respondents preferred a foreign based company. Heavy advertising through television, newspapers, magazines and radio is required. MINIMUM EXPECTED RETURN ON INVESTMENT TABLE 13:
Expected Returns Less than 5% 5% - 10% 11% - 15% 16% - 20% 21% - 25% 26% - 30% 31% - 40% 41% - 50% More than 50%
No. of respondents 5 39 46 49 46 27 22 14 22
INTERPRETATION: From the chart above it can clearly been seen that 18% of the respondents would like 16 – 20% returns, 17% would like returns between 21 – 25% and 17% would like returns of 11 – 15% on their investments. Therefore the average return on investment should be at least 16 – 20 %. Most consumers are willing to adapt to some amount of risk but still want some guaranteed returns. Therefore the bulk of investment should be made in the balanced fund with 50% debt and 50% equity. The returns on the Secure Fund are guaranteed as these involve investment is government securities and the debt market. But the returns on these instruments are low (8 – 10%). If the company invests in shares, returns are higher (39%) but correspondingly risk borne by the policy holder is also higher. Therefore a good combination of the two instruments is often a wise choice.
FACTS AND FINDINGS
FACTS AND FINDINGS
We find that 47% of the respondents fall in the age group of 18 – 25 years, 25%
fall in the age group of 26 – 35 years and 17% fall in the age group of 36 – 49 years. Therefore most of the respondents are relatively young (below 26 years of age). These individuals could be induced to purchase insurance plans on the basis of its tax saving nature and as an investment opportunity with high returns.
In India, the largest life insurance company is Life Insurance Corporation of India. It has been in existence in India since 1956 and is completely owned by the Government of India. Today the organization has grown to 2048 offices serving 18 crore policies and has a corpus of over 340000 crore INR.
The outlook of insurance as a product should be changed from something which
you pay for your whole life (whole life policy) and do not receive any benefit (the nominee only receives the benefit in case of your death) to an extremely useful investment opportunity with the prospects of good returns on savings, tax saving opportunities as well as providing for every milestone in your life like marriage, education, children and retirement. HDFC SLIC is faced with a large amount of competition. There are 18 insurance companies in India inclusive of LIC. Hence to capture a larger part of the market the company could introduce more reasonable plans with lesser premium payable per annum.
Swot Analysis Of Hdfc Standard Life Insurance
Analysis of the industry’s environment (SWOT Analysis) HDFC and Standard Life first came together for a possible joint venture, to enter the life Insurance market, in January 1995. It was clear from the outset that both companies shared similar values and beliefs and a strong relationship quickly formed. In October 1995, the companies signed a 3-year joint venture agreement.
1. Domestic image of HDFC supported by Prudential’s international image is strength of the company. 2. Strong and well spread network of qualified intermediaries and sales person. 3. Strong capital and reserve base. 4. The company provides customer service of the highest order. 5. Huge basket of product range which are suitable to all age and income groups. 6. Large pool of technically skilled manpower with in depth knowledge and understanding of the market. 7. The company also provides innovative products to cater to different needs of different customers.
1. Heavy management expenses and administrative costs. 2. Low customer confidence on the private players. 3. Vertical hierarchical reporting structure with many designations and cadres leading to power politics at all levels without any exception. 4. Poor retention percentage of tied up agents.
1. Insurable population †According to ING only 10% of the population is insured, which represents around 30% of the insurable population. This suggests more than 300m people, with the potential to buy insurance, remain uninsured. 2. There will be inflow of managerial and financial expertise from the world’s leading insurance markets. Further the burden of educating consumers will also be shared among many players. 3. International companies will help in building world class expertise in local market by introducing the best global practices.
1. Legislation could impact. 2. Great risk involved. 3. Very high competition prevailing in industry. 4. Lack of infrastructure in rural areas could constrain investment.
FUTURE LINE OF RESEARCH
FUTURE LINE OF RESEARCH
The future topics for research in the organization could be setting up of an appropriate ad campaign. It is very vital to the companies’ success that the people of India know about HDFC SLIC, its products and their special features and how insurance in general can help them in their future. The advertisements have to be emotionally appealing. They might also include a celebrity. The brand name of HDFC could be used to give a push to HDFC SLIC and its products. The general perception of insurance as “inauspicious” should be done away with and individuals and corporations accept insurance on power with other investment opportunities.
The other area of research could be in the management of funds HDFC SLIC possesses and how it can maximize returns for its investors. A research project could be undertaken on how to ensure that the money gets invested in the right companies and earns a medium – high return on investment. Another area of research could be an analysis of the sales and marketing techniques used by HDFC SLIC. A large number of changes could be introduced and this would help in saving operating costs and improving the efficiency of the firm.
HDFC standard life insurance is first life insurance Company in India. It has businesses spread out across the globe. It was registered on 23rd December 2000. It currently ranks number 4 amongst the insurers in India (Source: annual premium provided by the company) The company faces a large amount of competition. To sustain itself it must promote its products through advertising and improve its selling techniques. Consumers must be aware of the new plans available at HDFC SLIC. The medium of advertising used could be television since most of its competitors use this tool to promote their products. The company must be promoted as an Indian company since consumers seem to have more trust in investing in Indian firms. The unit linked concept must be specifically promoted. The general perception of life insurance has to change in India before progress is made in this field. People should not be afraid to invest money in insurance and must use it as an effective tool for tax planning and long term savings. HDFC SLIC could tap the rural markets with cheaper products and smaller policy terms. There are individuals who are willing to pay small amounts as premium but the plans do not accept premiums below a certain amount. It was usually found that a large number of males were insured compared to females. Individuals below the age of 30 (mostly male) were interested in investment plans. This was a general conclusion drawn during prospecting clients.
SUGGESTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
The old and out dated technique of tele marketing is used to prospect customers. More modern techniques must be adopted. The company must sponsor shows and give presentations in corporate houses. The financial health check must be performed for every prospect to assess his/her true financial position and needs. Some of the advisors skip this vital step and the prospect ends up with a plan they do not appreciate and soon surrender or discontinue. Some of the main problems in marketing the policies are: Large amount of competition (18 players in the market) Other brands are well advertised and have higher recall value LIC is considered a safer option Face competition from banks and mutual funds High premium policies are difficult to market Incorrect perception about insurance Interested prospects might have a lack of time and postpone investments Customers get defensive if you cold call Short term plans are available only at large premium Customers do not have risk appetite to invest in shares Some prospects have already invested and are not interested in further investments Consumers don’t want to undertake medical examinations Large amount of documentation Customers do not like their money locked up for many years
Lack of awareness about the unit linked funds in the market No money back plan present in the product portfolio
SUGGESTIONS FOR IMPROVEMENT Advertise about the company and its products – it motivates individuals to purchase insurance Create a positive perception about insurance Speak about the good features a plan offers like high returns, life cover, tax benefits, indexation, accident cover while prospecting customers Try to sell the product/plan which the consumer requires and not the plan where the advisors benefit is higher Improve the efficiency in operations Bring out policies with small premiums payable for short periods of time – Rs. 5000 – Rs. 10000 per annum for 10 years Attract the youth of India with higher returns on investment as returns are the motivating factor which influence purchase of insurance Promote insurance in colleges and corporate houses Promote HDFC SLIC as an Indian Company to build trust HDFC SLIC could have a brand ambassador or a mascot to promote its services Should have partial withdrawals from the first year onwards Tap the rural market where there is large potential Diversify product portfolio
Make products more straight forward – reduce complexities
A SURVEY ON ‘INSURANCE INDUSTRY’ Dear Sir/Madam Do you have a life insurance policy/investment plan in your name? o Yes o No
If yes which company’s insurance policies do you hold? o o o HDFC Birla Standard o Life o Life o o Sun Life Insurance Insurance o o o Tata ICICI AIG Aviva Insurance Bajaj Allianz Life Insurance LIC ING Bharti Vysya Axa Life Life Life
Insurance Prudential Life Insurance Others (specify name)
What is the approximate premium paid by you annually (in Rupees)? o o o Rs. 5,000 – Rs. 10,000 Rs. 10,001 – Rs. 15,000 Rs. 15,001 – Rs. 25,000 o o o Rs. 25,001 – Rs. 50,000 Rs. 50,001 – Rs. 60,000 Rs. 60,001 – Rs. 80,000
Rs. 80,001 – Rs. 1,00,000 More than Rs. 1,00,000 (specify premium)
What kind of insurance policy would suit you best in your current stage of life? o o o Life Insurance Life Insurance and Investment Plans Tax saving plans o o Pension Plans Child Plans
Are you aware of the new unit linked insurance plans in the market? o Yes o No
How much would you be willing to spend per annum if you were to go for an investment/insurance plan? o o o Less 6,000 Rs. 6,001 – Rs. 10,000 Rs. 10,001 – Rs. 25,000 o o than Rs. o Rs. 25,001 – Rs. 50,000 Rs. 50,000 – Rs. 1,00,000 More than Rs. 1,00,000
Which according to you is an ideal policy term? (Number of years you would be willing to pay premium) o o o o 3 to 5 years 6 to 9 years 10 to 15 years 16 to 20 years o o o 21 to 25 years 26 to 30 years More years than 30
Whole life policy
What motivates you to purchase insurance/investment plans? o o Advertisements High Returns o o Others (specify) o Advice friends Family responsibilities from
In which kind of company would you prefer to make a purchase of insurance? o o Government owned company Public Limited Company o o Private Company Foreign based company
Typically what kind of returns would you look at from your investments? (Please note: Higher returns involve greater risk) o o o o o Less than 5% 6% - 10 % 11% - 15 % 16% - 20 % 21% - 25% o o o o 26% - 30% 31% - 40% 41% - 50% More than 50%
Personal Details: Name: Address: Age: Profile of respondent: • • • Student Housewife Working Professional • • • Business Self – Employed Government Service Employee Contact No. :
www.tata-aig-life.com www.irdaindia.com www.lic.com www.money control.com www.bajajallianz.com www.icici.prulife.com Magazine – Insurance World The Outlook Money Secrets of Successful Insurance Sales by Mr. Jack Kinder
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