ALL ABOUT U.K.

This page looks at why people may think that England is the UK or is Great Britain. This is of course is untrue, but is a common thought by many people overseas. England is the biggest country in the UK England is a country in the UK and occupies most of the southern two thirds of Great Britain. The total area of England is 130,410 sq km (50, 352 sq mi). England contains about 84% of the UK population. Find out more about the UK population. The capital of the UK is in England The capital, seat of government, and the largest city in the United Kingdom is London. London is also is the capital of England. All of Great Britain has been ruled by the UK government in London since 1707. (In 1999 the first elections to the newly created Scottish Parliament and National Assembly for Wales took place leaving England as the only part of the Great Britain with no devolved assembly or parliament.) Find out more about London Find out more about the UK Government Find out more about London Find out more about the UK Government The English language comes from England As it names suggest, the English language, today spoken by hundreds of millions of people around the world, originated as the language from England, where it remains the principal tongue today. English is the official language of the UK and the first language of the vast majority of the population. Both Wales and Scotland land have their own languages but English is spoken in both countries more. Find out more about the languages spoken in the UK. Find out more about the languages spoken in the UK The British Royal family live in England The Royal family live in London.

I like to say that I am British but it seems that if I do that. Welsh. " Cameron here is Great Britain? Great Britain is an island lying off the western coast of Europe. Is Great Britain the same as the UK? No.The capital is Cardiff. but incorrectly.Find out more about the Royal family Most of the world assumes that British people are "English" unless specified otherwise. some foreigner will automatically assume that I am from England.. used as a synonym for the sovereign state properly known as the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland or the UK for short.The capital is Edinburgh . and the principality of Wales. . British people can be Scottish.. Message from one of our visitors "Hey. This of course is wrong. Scotland . comprising the main territory of the United Kingdom. but the majority of the world's population do not understand. Wales . It really annoys me because I would like to say I am British. so I find it necessary to revoke my identity and call myself Scottish. Great Britain is made up of: y y y England . you will see that the UK includes Great Britain AND Northern Ireland. Great Britain is divided into small regions called counties. I am from Scotland or Great Britain. Great Britain and the United Kingdom refer to different areas. The Scots and the Welsh are proud of their separate identities and tend to be more forward about referring to themselves as Scottish or Welsh. What is Great Britain? Great Britain is the official name given to the two kingdoms of England and Scotland.The capital is London. Irish (living in Northern Ireland) or English.. Great Britain is very often. If you look at the full name of the UK.

The Roman province of Britannia only covered the areas of modern England and Wales.850 km² (88. Wales and Scotland are situated.745 sq. and Wales. Is Great Britain the same as Britain? Sometimes people use the shorten name Britain instead of Great Britain. . mi. Scotland. The area of modern Scotland was never finally conquered. The name Britain goes back to Roman times when they called England and Wales "Britannia" (or "Britannia Major". to mean the same thing. but really Britain only refers to England and Wales.) and is the largest island of the British Isles. Woodlands Junior School is in the south-east corner of England Britain Britain was the name made popular by the Romans when they came to the British islands.Great Britain United Kingdom Great Britain is a political term which describes the combination of England. to distinguished from "Britannia Minor". the three nations which together include all the land on the island. ie Brittany in France). England Wales Scotland Great Britain has an area of 229. It is also a geographical term referring to the island on which the greater parts of England.

to refer to the separate kingdoms of England and Scotland.England England used to be known as Engla land. who began to invade Britain in the late 5th century. From north to south it is about 1. United Kingdom | Northern Ireland | British Isles Where is the UK? The UK is situated north-west of the European continent between the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea. on the same landmass. Despite having the same monarch. Great Britain The term Great Britain was first used during the reign of King James I of England (James VI of Scotland) in 1603. It has a total land area of 244. both kingdoms kept their own parliaments. (Scotland has always retained its own legal system) A hundred years later the Act of Union of 1801 joined Ireland to 'Great Britain' and the name "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland" was first used.000 kilometres long.100 square kilometres. meaning the land of the Angles. (Since 1921 only Northern Ireland has been part of the United Kingdom and so the name changed). along with the Saxons and Jute. that were ruled over by the same monarch. of which nearly 99% is land and the remainder inland water. people from continental Germany. United Kingdom (The uniting of kingdoms) The 'United Kingdom of Great Britain' was formed in 1707 by the Act of Union that created a single kingdom with a single Parliament. .

The UK part of Europe and is a member of the European Union (EU). Find out more .The capital is Cardiff. 1801 and constitutes the greater part of the British Isles. The United Kingdom is made up of: y y y y England . Scotland. Scotland and Wales together form Great Britain. Wales .The capital is London. England. but when the Irish Free State ceased to be part of the Union the title changed to include 'Northern Ireland'. Great Britain and Northern Ireland together form the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland" (UK) What is the capital city of the UK? The capital of the UK is London. Northern Ireland . Interactive Map of the UK Why is the whole of Ireland not in the UK? Before 1922 the UK included Ireland in the definition. Scotland . Click here to find out about the Geography of the UK What is the official name of the UK? The official name of the UK is the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland". Only Northern Ireland is part of the UK now). When was the UK formed (made)? The United Kingdom (UK) was formed in on January 1.The capital is Edinburgh . What are people called in the UK? People in the UK are called British although they have different nationalities. What countries make up the UK? The name refers to the union of what were once four separate nations: England.The capital is Belfast. Wales and Ireland (though most of Ireland is now independent.

most notably the Isle of Man which has its own parliament and laws.The Union Flag. Great Britain and Ireland. and 5.. Read more The Story of the Making of the United Kingdom The present Union Flag (Union Jack) represents the political union of three kingdoms y y y England. Scotland and Ireland. symbolises the union of the countries of the UK.. popularly known as the Union Jack. It is made up of the individual flags of three countries in the Kingdom.Republic of Ireland Label a map of the British Isles The Irish Sea separates Britain and Ireland. the flag of the United Kingdom. an under water ledge of land extending into the Alantic Ocean from northwestern Europe What is the British Isles? The British Isles is a geographically term which includes two large islands. The story of how the UK was formed can be told through the making of the Union Flag. The British Isles are occupied by two nations: 1. What is the largest British Isles island? The largest island in the British Isles is Great Britain (England.000 small islands. Read more. The islands in the British Isles The British Isles consists of the following islands: y Great Britain (England. Scotland and Wales) . United Kingdom . Wales and Scotland).a union of: y y y y England Scotland Wales Northern Ireland 2. he British Isles rise from a continental shelf.

This is of course is untrue. Alderney and Sark. but is a common thought by many people overseas. England contains about 84% of the UK population. The principal islands of the group include Jersey. and the largest city in the United Kingdom is London.) Find out more about London Find out more about the UK Government . The total area of England is 130. France. off the coast of Normandy.y y y y y y y y y y Ireland (the Republic of Ireland) A country west of England across the Irish Sea (not part of the United Kingdom) Northern Ireland (part of the United Kingdom) The Orkney and Shetland Islands Islands off the northeast coast of Scotland The Isle of Man An island in the Irish Sea Hebrides (including the Inner Hebrides. (In 1999 the first elections to the newly created Scottish Parliament and National Assembly for Wales took place leaving England as the only part of the Great Britain with no devolved assembly or parliament. All of Great Britain has been ruled by the UK government in London since 1707. London is also is the capital of England. England is the biggest country in the UK England is a country in the UK and occupies most of the southern two thirds of Great Britain.410 sq km (50. seat of government. The capital of the UK is in England The capital. 352 sq mi). Find out more about the UK population. Guernsey. Outer Hebrides and Small Isles) All are islands off the northwest coast of Scotland The Isle of Wight An island off the southern coast of England Isles of Scilly An island off the southwest coast of England Lundy Island An island off the southwest coast of England The Channel Islands A group of small islands in the English Channel. Plus many other offshore islands Woodlands Junior School is in the south-east corner of England This page looks at why people may think that England is the UK or is Great Britain.

some foreigner will automatically assume that I am from England. This of course is wrong. From 1603. Her birthday is officially celebrated in Britain on the 3rd Saturday of June each year.. Find out more about the languages spoken in the UK The British Royal family live in England The Royal family live in London. although living in England. Find out more about the languages spoken in the UK... Elizabeth I was the last ever King or Queen of England.Find out more about London Find out more about the UK Government The English language comes from England As it names suggest. where it remains the principal tongue today. the monarch. the English language. The Scots and the Welsh are proud of their separate identities and tend to be more forward about referring to themselves as Scottish or Welsh. today spoken by hundreds of millions of people around the world. but the majority of the world's population do not understand. I like to say that I am British but it seems that if I do that. the country is actually run by the government.. This means that although she is officially the head of the state. *The English Bill of Rights Act of 1689 curtailed the power of the sovereign and confirmed Parliaments place at the heart of the English constitution.. From this date English Monarchs ... originated as the language from England. Welsh. Find out more about the Royal family Most of the world assumes that British people are "English" unless specified otherwise. London. Irish (living in Northern Ireland) or English. " Cameron y Did you know? . has been known as the Monarch of the United Kingdom. When Elizabeth I Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary) was born on April 21. Queen Elizabeth II is a 'constitutional monarch'*. led by the Prime Minister.. 1926 at 17 Bruton Street. British people can be Scottish. It really annoys me because I would like to say I am British. Message from one of our visitors "Hey. I am from Scotland or Great Britain. Both Wales and Scotland land have their own languages but English is spoken in both countries more. so I find it necessary to revoke my identity and call myself Scottish. English is the official language of the UK and the first language of the vast majority of the population.

followed on June 2.when the crown is placed on the monarch's head . The Duke is Queen Elizabeth's third cousin. Interesting Fact: There has not been a Queen of England since 1707. has been known as either the Monarch of the Kingdom of Great Britain (as Queen Anne was) or of the United Kingdom (as Queen Victoria was). Follow this link to find out what jobs the Queen does Who is the Queen married to? The Queen as married to the HRH Prince Philip. Her Coronation. Find out more about the union of the countries on our History of the Union Flag pages The Official Title of the Queen Her Majesty The Queen's title in the United Kingdom is: 'Elizabeth the Second. by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland'. But the coronation .may not happen until months later. at Westminster Abbey. and head of the Commonwealth. From 1707. Where does the Queen live? The Queen lives at Buckingham Palace in London. Queen Ann was the last ever King or Queen of England. She is queen of 16 former British colonies. 1952 upon the death of her father. the son of Prince and Princess Andrew of Greece and Denmark. although living in England. Canada and New Zealand. Head of State Queen Elizabeth II is the United Kingdom's Head of State.) The queen celebrated her Golden jubilee (50 years since her accession) in 2002. They married on 20 November 1947. When did Queen Elizabeth come to the throne? Queen Elizabeth II ascended the throne on February 6. they share Queen Victoria as a great-great- . including Australia. the monarch. (A new king or Queen begins to rule as soon as their succession to the throne has been announced. a multinational body created after the dissolution of the British empire. King George VI.(now British Monarchs) would rule in partnership with Parliament. Duke of Edinburgh. 1953.

(He became a British citizen around this time and renounced his Greek and Danish titles)." Interesting Fact: The wife of a male monarch (e. From 8 February 1960. she has used the surname 'Windsor'. Elizabeth II was coronated in 1953. St. or privileges. Royal Homes Among the official royal residences are Buckingham Palace. and Baron Greenwich. He is the son of Prince Andrew of Greece and was born Prince of Greece and Denmark. all The Queen's descendants who do not bear the "style.royal. The Palace of Holyroodhouse. James Palace.gov. becoming Queen." and was made a Knight of the Garter. Sandringham House and Kensington Palace. She is known as the Queen consort ( wife and consort of a reigning king) ( A consort is a spouse . (Mountbatten as Prince Philip's surname). rank. the husband of a female monarch does not have any recognized special status.grandmother.) What is Queen Elizabeth's surname? The Queen does not normally use a surname (she doesn't need a passport or a driving licence for example). Prince Philip was a prince from birth. and the titular dignity of Prince or Princess" have the name of Mountbatten-Windsor. she granted Philip the title "Prince of the United Kingdom. when serving with the ATS during World War II. Interesting Fact: . In protest. Frogmore House. (source: www. the Queen Mother was the wife of King George VI) takes on her husband's rank and style upon marrying. Windsor Castle. Balmoral Castle. Upon his marriage to then-Princess Elizabeth in 1947. Why? World War One broke out in 1914 and anti-German sentiment was its height in 1917. King George V renounced all the German titles belonging to him and his family and adopted the name of his castle. but on the few occasions where it has been necessary.e. Earl of Merion. usually of royalty. Windsor. Philip was given the title "Duke of Edinburgh. i. and in 1957.uk) The British royal family changed their last name from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor in 1917.g. title or attribute of HRH. Find out about The Queen's Children Why is Queen Elizabeth II's husband a prince rather than a king? In the British monarchy.

Christmas.The only time when there was no King or Queen in England was when the country was a republic between 1649 and 1660. food. christmas traditions. (The unicorn is chained because in mediaeval times a free unicorn was considered a very dangerous beast (only a virgin could tame a unicorn) y y The coat features both the motto of British Monarchs: y Dieu et mon droit (God and my right) and the motto of the Order of the Garter: y Honi soit qui mal y pense ('Evil to him who evil thinks') . british christmas customs. santa claus. christmas carols. mince pies. christmas customs. england. st nicholas. christmas customs traditions. wales. chrsitmas traditions. The monarchy was restored in 1660. british christmas crackers. christmas y y On the left. scotland. christmas stocking. new year. christmas dinner. scotland customs and traditions. advent. british customs. british christmas pudding. December. british christmas dinner. Hunt Road Tonbridge Kent TN10 4BB UK customs traditions britain. christmas eve.british christmas trees. On the right it is supported by the Unicorn of Scotland. christmas cake. british culture. christmas presents.) y y y About Us | Search | Site Map | Feedback | User Information | Contact Us y © Copyright Mandy Barrow Terms & Conditions Woodlands Junior School. the shield is supported by the English Lion. christmas pudding. traditional british christmas dinner. ( In 1649 King Charles I was executed and England became a Republic for eleven years. Christmas Celebrations. british christmas carols. 12 days of christmas. british traditions. christmas cards. pantomime. british culture customs traditions. british celebrate christmas. christmas day. boxing day. british royal family.

since Richard the Lionheart chose three lions to represent England. This symbol on the King's shield would immediately identify him in the midst of battle. giving the Scottish elements pride of place. y Royal Coat of Arms y y y Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom The Royal Arms we see today have evolved over nine centuries. In the version used by the government and consequently as the official coat of arms of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The Queen has a separate version of her arms for use in Scotland. y y Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom as used in Scotland y y The main element of the Arms is the shield which is divided into four quarters. with the helm. crest and mantling not displayed (like in the black and white photo above). the crown is shown resting directly on the shield.y on a representation of the Garter behind the shield. . The full version of the Royal Coat of Arms is now used only by the Queen in her capacity as the Sovereign.

Why is Wales not represented on the shield and Coat of Arms? Wales was recognised as a Principality by the creation of the Prince of Wales long before the incorporation of the quarterings for Scotland and Ireland in the Royal Arms. thus uniting the kingdoms of England and Scotland for the first time. y Find out about the Royal Standard y The Three Lions Crest . y What is the motto of England? y The motto of England and the Sovereign is y " Dieu et mon Droit " (French for µGod and my right¶).y y y y y y y y y y Shield of the UK Royal Arms y The first and fourth quadrants represent England and contain three gold lions passant (in plain English.A symbol of England Richard the Lionheart (1189 . the second quadrant represents Scotland contains a redlion rampant on a gold field. King James VI of Scotland became king of England as well as Scotland.1199) used the three golden lions (sometimes described as leopards) on their scarlet background as a powerful symbol of the English Throne during the time of the Crusades. What is the motto of Scotland? The motto of Scotland is y In My Defens God Me Defend What is the motto of Wales? The motto of Wales is y Cymru am byth (English "Wales forever") died. The motto was first used by King Richard I in 1198 and adopted as the royal motto of England in the time of Henry VI. three gold lions with their right forepaws raised and their heads facing the viewer) on a red field. . The motto appears below the shield of the Royal Coat of Arms. The arms of the Prince of Wales show the arms of the ancient Principality in the centre as well as these quarterings. the third quadrant represents Ireland and contains the gold harp of Ireland on a blue field.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful