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ĄēăèēúâēĄĈĕĝåĄēđČũĈĕéēĄôũāēÿăúöĄũ
(úĦĪēČĎĂĂúęĊăũ )
01355243

ĝĄĘĥĎè

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ĄēăèēúĝĆťĂúĖĦĝüŭ úċťĈúČúėèĥ ãĎèĄēăĈĕëē

Communicative

English

through

VIDEO

ĄēăèēúĝĆťĂúĖĦüĄđâĎûõŦĈăâēĄĈĕĝåĄēđČũāēÿăúöĄũéēâČĒĈãŦĎĝĎâċē
ĄüĄđâĎûâēĄĝĄĖăú ĠúČĒĈĝĄĘĥĎèõĒèöťĎġüúĖĦ åĘĎ
āēĊēĝüŭúĂĄõâãĎèċĒ èåĂåĈēĂċĪēåĒ îãĎèāēĊēöťĎċĒ èåĂ
āēĊēĂĖĄđûû

āēĊēċĘĥĎõŦĈăĝċĖăè

āēĊēĝüŭúċĒ îĆĒ âĊôũ

āēĊēüĄđâĎûõŦĈăċťĈúöťēèģøĖĥċĒĂÿĒ úùũâĒúĝüŭúĄđõĒ û

āēĊēĂĖĆĒâĊôđøĖĝĥ üŭ úċēâĆĞĆđĆĒ âĊôđĝêÿēđ
āēĊēĂĖâēĄĝüĆĖĥăúĞüĆèĎăĚťĝċĂĎ
åĈēĂĄĚŦĝĄĘĎ
ĥ èāēĊēãĎèĝéŦēãĎèāēĊē

âēĄĠëŦāēĊē

âēĄĉėâĊē

âēĆĝĈĆēĞĆđâēĄâĄđéēăãĎèýĚŦĠëŦāēĊē
ĝÿĉĞĆđĞĆđĈĒ ăøĖĥĞöâöťēèâĒ ú
ċĘĥĎøĖĥĠëŦĠúâēĄċĘĥĎċēĄ

ĈèèēúĞĆđċ÷ēúâēĄôũ
åĈēĂČĆēâČĆēăöēĂøŦĎè÷ĕú
ĥ

åĈēĂČĆēâČĆēăöēĂĄđõĒ ûâēĄĉėâĊēĞĆđñēúđøēèċĒ èåĂ
åĈēĂČĆēâČĆēăĝúĘĥĎèéēâċĘĥĎ
åĈēĂČĆēâČĆēăĝúĘĥĎèéēâĞãúèĈĕëē
åĈēĂČĆēâČĆēăöēĂğĎâēċĠúâēĄĠëŦāēĊē
åĈēĂĞöâöťēèõŦēúâēĄĎĎâĝċĖ ăè
åĈēĂĞöâöťēèõŦēúåĪēĉĒ ÿøũĞĆđöĒ Ĉċđâõ
åĈēĂĞöâöťēèõŦēúġĈăēâĄôũ

ýĚŦĠëŦāēĊēĎĒ èâąĊ

āēĊēĞĆđĈĒóúùĄĄĂ
ýĚŦéĒõøĪēéėèöŦĎèøĪēâēĄĈĕĝåĄēđČũöēĂČĒ ĈĝĄĘĎ
ĥ èöťēèģĠČŦċĎõåĆŦĎèâĒ ûĝúĘĦĎ
ČēĠúāēÿăúöĄũ

Ďăťēèĝëťú

âēĄĠëŦāēĊēøĖĥĂĖåĈēĂČĆēâČĆēăöēĂĄđõĒ ûâēĄĉėâĊēĞĆđñēúđøēè
ċĒ èåĂ
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ť ĠúĝúĘĦĎĝĄĘĥĎèúĒĦúêēâġČúøĖĥĂĖåĈēĂĝâĖĥăĈãŦĎèâĒ ûČĒ ĈĝĄĘĥ
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ċēĂēĄ÷øĪēĠČŦĝĄēĝãŦēĠéĠúāēĊēĎĒ èâąĊġõŦĂēâĎĖâõŦĈă

õĒèúĒĦúĝĂĘĥĎúĪēČĒĈĝĄĘĎ
ĥ èõĒ èâĆťēĈĂēĈĕĝåĄēđČũĄĈ
ť ĂâĒ ûāēÿăúöĄũĝĄĘĥĎèúĖĦĞĆŦ
ĈúĒĦúýĚŦĎē
ť úăĒ èġõŦĄĒûøĒĦèåĈēĂĄĚŦĞĆđåĈēĂûĒúĝøĕèĎĖâõŦĈă
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ĂāēÿăúöĄũĝĄĘĎ
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þĚèëúĝĄĕĂ
ĥ ďĘĎďēĝĂĘĥĎĝâĄúĚĎĖĆĝĆťøĖĥğõúÿĒúùúēâēĄõŦĈăğìťöĄĈú÷ĚâĆēâ
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22 üŝâťĎúČúŦēúĖĦ âĄęèüēĄĖċ
ĞĂťãĎèĝâĄúĚĎĖĆĝĆť (ĝûĎĄũéĕö ĂĕúĕëĝĂĄũ)
ġõŦĠČŦâĪēĝúĕõĆĚâëēăøťēĂâĆēèâĆĕú
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ĝâĄúĚĎĖĆĝĆťéėèġüþŞâèēúûĒ ĆõĕúĖĥ (õĒ ċöĕ ú ďĎĀĀŤĞĂú)
åúøĪēúĦĪēČĎĂøĖĥùęĄâĕéâĪēĆĒèăĥĪēĞăť
ĞĆđâĪēĆĒ èĝþš ēĂĎèČēâĆĕú
ĥ ČĎĂøĖĥĝüŭú ľĝĎâĆĒ âĊôũ Ŀ ĠČĂť
ĝâĄúĚĎĖĆĝĆťĞċõèĠČŦĝČĤúĎăťēèĄĈõĝĄĤĈ÷ėèÿĆĒ èãĎèĝãēĠúâēĄċĄŦēèâĆĕĥú
ČĎĂøĖĥċĂûĚĄ ôũĞûûøĖé
ĥ đâĚŦëĘĥĎĝċĖăèãĎèûĒ ĆõĕúĖĥâĆĒ ûĂē
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ĥ èČĒĈĠéãĎèâēĄċĄŦēèĞĆđĄĒ âĊēâ
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ĕĥúúĉ

úĖĥ ŭúĖåĒĦøĖĥĕĥúĒ " úìėĥ ťúúŦúĖĦ åăĕ ėĦúĖăåĒĦ Ė
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ĝâĄúĚĎĖĆĝĆťĂęťèĂĒú
ĥ øĖĥéđĝüŭúĝéŦēĞČťèĉĕĆüđâēĄøĪēúĦĪēČĎĂ
ĞĆđéđöŦĎèĠČŦġõŦĂēìėĥèøęââĆĕĥúøĖĥĝãēüĄēĄ÷úē
ĠúČĆēăċĒ üõēČũöťĎĂē ČîĕèċēĈċĈăČĆēăåú÷Ěâçēö⥥à Ąĕëĕċ
(ĎĆĒú ĄĕåĞĂú)
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úÿĈâëĎûċđċĂãĎèċĈăèēĂ ĠúöĎúĞĄâ
çēöâĄĆèĂĘĎċĒ èČēĄČîĕèċēĈëēĈûŦēú öĒĦèĞöťÿĈâåúĝĆĖĦ ăèĞâđ
åúãēăĂđúēĈ ċēĈĄĖõúĂĈĒĈ ĞöťĝĂĘĥĎĆĚâċēĈþēĞþõãĎèøĒ ĆĝĆĖăú
ĝÿĘĥĎúãĎèĝãē (åēĄũĆĎċ ĄĖħâ)
ğõúçťēöēăĞĆđÿûĝüŭúĉÿĄťēèâēăĝüĆĘĎăĝüĆťēÿĄŦĎĂâĒ ûċāēÿĉĖĄĊ
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ĆĚâċēĈãĎèĝãēéđâĆēăĝüŭúĝČăĘĥĎ

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éđĝČĤúġõŦĈē
ť ĆđåĄĝĄĘĥĎèúĖĦĝúŦúâēĄûĄĄăēăĝÿĘĥĎĠČŦĝČĤúāēÿãĎèċĒ èåĂĠ
úăęåúĒĦú ûøċúøúēĄđČĈťēèĆĚâéŦēèĞĆđúēăéŦēè ĝëťú
öĎúøĖĥ 1 ĝĆťēåĈēĂĝüŭúĂēãĎèċĒ èåĂĠúăęåúĒĦú
The sentence of the court is that in t o a s hence
the perfumer journe man Jean-Baptiste Grenouille shall
be boun to a

oo en cross

ith his face raise

to ar s heaven! An
blo s

hilst still alive... be ealt t elve

ith an iron ro brea ing the joints of his arms

his shoul ers his hips his legs! He shall then be raise
up to hang until ea . An all customar acts of merc
are expressl forbi

en the executioner.

ĞċõèĠČŦĝČĤúĈťēĠúăęåúĒĦúăĒ èĂĖâēĄĆèğøĊĞûûöĄėèõŦĈăġĂŦ âēèĝã
ú ĞĆđøĄĂēúĄťēèâēăĎăĚť ğõăâēĄĞãĈúåĎüĄđéēúöťĎČúŦēýĚŦåú
Jean-Baptiste Grenouille
÷ĚâøĪēğøĊğõăâēĄ÷ĚâöĄėèûúġĂŦâēèĝãú ĠúãôđøĖĥăĒèĂĖëĖĈĕö
ĝãēéđ÷ĚâğûăõŦĈăÿĆĎèĝČĆĤâ 12 åĄĒĦè
âēĄĝúŦúĝċĖăèĝÿĘĥĎċĘĥĎ÷ėèĎēĄĂôũ
Quic ! We can't hol him bac much longer.

Y ĝĄĤĈĝãŦē ĝĄēġĂťĂĖĝĈĆēĂēâúĒ âúđ
Up on the balcon ! Come on! Quic l !

Y ġüøĖĄ
ĥ đĝûĖăè! ĝĄĤĈĝãŦē!ĠČŦġĈ!
In 18th centur France there live a man

ho

as

one of the most gifte an notorious personages of his
time. His name

as Jean-Baptiste Grenouille. An if his

name has been forgotten to a , it is for the sole reason

that his entire ambition

as restricte to a

omain that

leaves no trace in histor
ĠúĉöĈĄĄĊøĖĥ 18 üĄđĝøĉþĄĒ ĥèĝĉċ ô øĖĥúĒĦú
ĂĖëēăåúČúėèĥ ýĚŦìėĥèġõŦĄĒûÿĄċĈĄĄåũøĖĥéđøĪēĠČŦĝãēĂĖëĘĥĎĝċĖăèĆĘĎĆĒ ĥúëĘĥĎĈťē
íĎè Ğûûöĕ ċøũ ĞâĄúĚĝĆť ĞĆđČēâĝãēéđ÷ĚâĆĘĂĝĆĘĎúġüĠúĈĒúúĖĦ
âĤåèõŦĈăĝČöęýĆĝõĖăĈ
åĘĎåĈēĂøđĝăĎøđăēúãĎèĝãēìėĥèéĪēâĒ õĎăĚťĠúĎēëĖÿøĖĥġĂť÷ĚâéēĄėâġĈŦĠü
ĄđĈĒöĕĉēċöĄũ

Y Who ČĂēă÷ėè Jean-Baptiste Grenouille.

Y has been forgotten present perfect tense Ğûû
passive voice åĘĎ üĄđùēúĝüŭúýĚŦ÷ĚââĄđøĪē
üĄđùēúĠúøĖĥúĖĦåĘĎ Jean-Baptiste Grenouille ìėĥè÷ĚâĆĘĂ
ãŦĎåĈēĂãŦēèöŦúúĖĦĝüŭúûøĆđåĄĝÿĖăèċťĈúČúėĥèĝÿĘĥĎĠČŦĝČĤú÷ėèâēĄĠëŦ
āēĊēãĎèāēÿăúöĄũĝĄĘĥĎèúĖĦ
ûøċúøúēéđĂĖúŦĎăĂēâ

ğõăĝúŦúâēĄĝĆťēĝĄĘĎ
ĥ èĝüŭúČĆĒ â

+ c345u &

+ c345u & 6!"#7-*##+8c!#+2#385 +9*Ô )c:5-;+7<=# c)>?

@AB
C D

ĠúûēèåĄĒĦèāēĊēøĖĥĝĄēÿĚõĎĎâĂē
ĎēééđĀūèõĚġĂťĂĖĝúĘĦĎČēċēĄđČĄĘĎĂĖåĈēĂČĂēăøĖĥéđċēĂĄ÷ċĘĥĎĠČŦĝãŦēĠé
ġõŦ
ĝÿĄēđûēèåĪēĝüŭúĉĒ ÿøũøĖĥġĂťĂĖĠúÿéúēúęâĄĂČĄĘĎĝüŭúĉĒ ÿøũĝêÿēđöĒĈ
ĞöťĈē
ť ÷ŦĎăåĪēøĖĝĥ üĆťèĎĎâĂēúĒĦú
ûĎâĠČŦýŦĀ
Ě ūèĄĚ÷ėèåĈēĂĄĚŦċėâČĄĘĎĎēĄĂôũøĖĥýŦÿ
Ě ĚõöŦĎèâēĄéđċĘĥĎĠČŦýŦĀ
Ě ūèġõŦ
ĄĚŦċė⥝ĈĂõŦĈă ĝëťú ĝĂĘĥĎĝċĖ ăĠéČĄĘĎýĕõČĈĒè åúġøăĎēééđÿĚõĈťē ľğùť
ġĂťúē
ť ĝĆăĿ ĞöťĠúāēĊēĎĒèâąĊĎēééđûĎâĈťē ľOh! No! Thatļs
too ba Ŀ ČĄĘĎĝĂĘĥĎöĎúøĖĝĥ ĄēõĖĠéĂēâģ ĝĄēĎēééđÿĚõĈťē ľġëğăĿ
ČĄĘĎ ľõĖéĒèĝĆăĿ āēĊēĎĒèâąĊĎēééđÿĚõĈťē ľWo !Ŀ ČĄĘĎ ľOh
bo !Ŀ

ĎăťēèøĖĝĥ ČĤúöĒĈĎăťēè

÷ŦēĝĄēĞüĆöĄèģ

ĝĄēĎēééđġĂťġõŦåĈēĂČĂēăéĄĕèģ
õĒèúĒĦúĝĄēéėèöŦĎèöĖåĈēĂéēâûĄĕûøĄĎûģõŦĈă
ĠúĝĂĘĥĎāēĊēġøăĂĖ åĪēċû÷øĖĥġĂťċęāēÿ
āēĊēĎĒ èâąĊâĤĂĖĝČĂĘĎúâĒú
ĝÿĄēđĝĈĆēøĖĥþĄĒ ĥèøđĝĆēđâĒú

ĞöťĈē
ť éđĂĖġĂťĂēâ

ċťĈúĠČîťéđĞċõèĎĎâøēèĎēĄĂôũĞĆđúĦĪēĝċĖăèĂēââĈťē
úĎâéēâúĖĦåĪēČăēûûēèåĪēâĤĠëŦĝúŦúĎēĄĂôũõŦĈăĈťēĄĚŦċėâĂēâĞåťġČú
øĪēĠČŦĄŦċ
Ě ėâĈťēåúúĒĦúĂĖĎēĄĂôũøĖĥğâĄùĂĂēâéĄĕèģ
ĠúāēÿăúöĄũĝĄĘĎ
ĥ èúĖĦĂĖâēĄĠëŦāēĊēĠúéęõüĄđċèåũøĖĥČĆēâČĆēăĂĖâēĄ
ĠëŦĝÿĘĥĎâēĄåŦēãēă âēĄĈťēéŦēè âēĄĉėâĊē âēĄõťēĈťē ĝëťú
What o ou

ant?

Y åęôöŦĎèâēĄĎđġĄ?
Want to bu some?

Y ĎăēâéđìĘĦĎĝČĄĎ?
That's for ou running off li e that.

Y úĖĦċĪēČĄĒ ûĞâ øĖÿăēăēĂČúĖ
I'll ill ou!

Y êĒúéđçťēĞâ

Put on our

ig

Y ĠċťĈĕâĞâìđ
Put

on

ûťèûĎâ÷ėèĈťēöŦĎèĄĖû

our

ig!

øĪēĠČŦüĄđğăåĂĖúĦĪēČúĒ âĂēâãėĦú

Zou going out?

Y éđĎĎâġüãŦēèúĎâČĄĘĎãĎĄĒ û?
I
not

ill retire to m

stu

\Nfor a fe

hours, an

o

ant to be isturbe \Nun er an circumstances.

Y êĒúãĎöĒ ĈġüåŦúåĈŦēìĒ âċĎèċēĂëĒĈ
ĥ ğĂèČúťĎăĞĆđġĂťöŦĎèâēĄ÷Ě
âĄûâĈú ġĂťĈē
ť âĄôĖĠõģøĒĦèċĕĦú
Will

ou be creating a ne

perfume, Monsieur

Bal ini?

Y úēăøťēúéđýĆĕö úĦĪēČĎĂöĒĈĠČÝȥĘĎåĄĒ û ĝĂĎĄũìĕĝĎĎĄũûĒĆõĕúĖĥ
Ń āēĊēċĘĥĎõŦĈăĝċĖ ăè
éēâČĒĈĝĄĘĥĎèúĖĦéēâĝĎâċēĄüĄđâĎûâēĄĝĄĖăúøĪēĠČŦ
ĝĄēġõŦĈē
ť āēĊēøęâāēĊēĠëŦĄđûûĝõĖăĈâĒúĠúâēĄċťèãŦĎåĈēĂ
åĘĎâēĄċĒú
ĥ ċđĝøĘĎúãĎèĆĂČēăĠééēâüĎõ

ìėĥèøĪēĠČŦĝâĕõåĆĘĥúĝċĖ ăè

âēĄċĒú
ĥ ċđĝøĘĎúúĖĦĝâĕõéēââēĄĝåĆĘĥĎúġČĈãĎèĎĈĒ ăĈđāēăĠúâēĄĎĎâĝ
ċĖăè

âēĄĠëŦĝċĖăèüĄđĝāøöťēèģõŦĈăâĒ úĎăťēèĂĖĄđûû

ĝÿĘĥĎċĘĥĎåĈēĂČĂēăĠČĂťģ
ĂúęĊăũĝĄēúĒĦúĝøťēúĒĦúøĖĥċēĂēĄ÷ÿĒ óúēĄđûûâēĄċĘĥĎåĈēĂČĂēăøĖĥĂĖüĄ
đċĕøùĕāēÿĎăťēèăĕĥèăĈõúĖĦ
ĝĄēĎēééđĠëŦċĘĥĎöťēèģĝÿĘĥĎĞċõèüĄđâĎûøťēøēèĠúċĕĥèøĖĥĝĄēöŦĎèâēĄøĖé
ĥ

đċĘĥĎċēĄġõŦ

ĞöťĝĄēâĤġĂťċēĂēĄ÷ċĕĥèģúĒĦúöĕõöĒĈġüġõŦöĆĎõ

ĝĄēéėèöŦĎèĂĖâēĄċĘĥĎāēĊēõŦĈăĝċĖ ăè
ĠúāēÿăúöĄũĝĄĘĎ
ĥ è

Perfume

úĒĦúĝĄēéđÿûĝČĤúêēâČúėĥèĠúāēÿăúöĄũøĖĥ
öĒĈĆđåĄġõŦ÷ĚâúĪēöĒĈġüøĪēğøĊ

ĂĖâēĄĠëŦĝċĖăèĝÿĘĥĎ

âĄđöęŦúĠČŦöĒĈĆđåĄúĪēĝõĕúöēĂĂēõŦĈăåĈēĂĄĈõĝĄĤĈĝúĘĎ
ĥ èéēâĂĖþĚèëúĄ
ĎõĚĝãēğõúøĪēğøĊõŦĈăåĈēĂğâĄùĞåŦú
ĞĆđêēâøĖĥëē
ť èøĪēúĦĪēČĎĂÿĚõâĒ ûĆĚâúŦĎè

Ń āēĊēĝüŭúċĒ îĆĒ âĊôũ
éēâČĒĈĝĄĘĥĎèúĖĦĠúĝĎâċēĄüĄđâĎûâēĄĝĄĖăúøĪēĠČŦĝĄēġõŦĄŦĈ
Ě ē
ť
ĝĂĘĥĎåĪēČĄĘĎĝċĖăèøĖĥĝĄēĝüĆťèĎĎâĂēúĒĦúġĂťġõŦĂĖåĈēĂČĂēă÷ėèċĕĥèúĒĦúċĕĥèúĖĦ
ġõŦ

âĤĝÿĄēđĂĖâēĄöâĆèĆťĈèČúŦēĞĆŦĈĈťēéđĠČŦĝüŭúĝëťúúĒĦú

âēĄöâĆèâĒ úúĖĦĝâĕõéēââēĄăĎĂĄĒ ûĝüŭ úĄđûûøĖĥĠëŦöťĎĝúĘĥĎèâĒ úĂē
ĎĒúøĖĥéĄĕèĠúĞèťČĆĒ ââēĄĞĆŦĈ
āēĊēøĖĥĝĄēĠëŦâĒúúĒĦúâĤġĂťöē
ť èéēâċĒ îĆĒ âĊôũ øĖĥĝĄēċĄŦēèãėĦúĝÿĘĥĎĠëŦĠúĈè
âēĄöťēèģ
åĪēöťēèģøĖĠĥ ëŦĠúāēĊēúĒĦúéđÿûĈťēĂĖåĪēéĪēúĈúČúėèĥ
øĖĥõĝĚ ČĂĘĎúĈťēéđĂĖåĈēĂċĒ ĂÿĒúùũğõăöĄèâĒ ûåĈēĂČĂēă
ĞöťåĪēüĄđĝāøúĖĦĂĖġĂťĂēâ

ċťĈúĠČîťéđĝüŭúåĪēøĖĥĝĆĖăúĝċĖ ăèùĄĄĂëēöĕ

ĝëťú

ĝüĄĖĦăè

üūè

åĄĘú

ĠúāēĊēġøă

crash,

bang,

roar

ĠúāēĊēĎĒ èâąĊ
ĞöťċĪēČĄĒ ûåúøĖĥÿĚõāēĊēĎĘú
ĥ úĒĦúĎēééđġĂťĄŦå
Ě ĈēĂČĂēăČĄĘĎġĂťĝãŦēĠéġ
õŦâĄđéťēèĞúťëĒõ ĝĄēéėèâĆťēĈġõŦĈē
ť

åĪēöťēèģĠúāēĊēĝüŭúċĒ îĆĒ âĊôũ

ĞĆđâēĄĠëŦāēĊēâĤåĘĎâēĄĠëŦċĒîĆĒ âĊôũĝČĆťēúĖĦĠúĄĚüĞûûöťēèģøĖĥĝüŭú
øĖĄ
ĥ Ŧâ
Ě Ē úĠúČĂĚťýŦĠĚ ëŦāēĊēúĒĦúģ
ĠúāēÿăúöĄũĝĄĘĎ
ĥ è

Perfume

úĒĦúĝĄēéđÿûĝČĤúġõŦĈē
ť

ĂĖ âēĄĠëŦĉĒÿøũ øĖĥĝüŭúċĒ îĆĒ âĊôũ øĄ
Ėĥ Ŧâ
Ě ĒúĠúĝÿĘĥĎúþĚè
ĝÿĘĥĎúãĎèúēăĝåĄĕâ

ĎăťēèĠúêēâøĖĥ

âĒ ûĝåĄĕâÿĚõåę ă÷ėèċēĈĠúċĝüâãĎèöĒ ĈĝĎè

ĞĆđĞĀúöĒĈĝĎè
éđĂĖâēĄĠëŦåĪēĉĒ ÿøũĝĄĖăâĝÿĘĥĎúĞøúğõăĠëŦåĪēĉĒ ÿøũĎăťēèèťēăģ
ĝÿĘĥĎĝĄĖăâĠČŦċúĕøâĒ ú
ĄĈĂ÷ėèâēĄøĖĥöĒĈĆđåĄĠëŦĝċĖ ăèĠúâēĄċĘĥĎåĈēĂČĂēăøĖĝĥ üŭ úċĒ îĆĒ âĊôũĎ
ĎâĂēĝÿĘĥĎĠČŦýŦĀ
Ě ūèĝãŦēĠé Ďăťēèĝëťú
That's for ou running off li e that.

Y úĖĦċĪēČĄĒ ûĞâ øĖÿăēăēĂČúĖ
I'll ill ou!

Y êĒúéđçťēĞâ
Put on our

ig!

Y ĠċťĈĕâìđ
Stop! Stop

here ou are! Mur erer!

Y Čăęõúđ! ČăęõöĄèúĒĦúĞČĆđ! úĒèçēöâĄ!!

Har er! Push!

Y ĞĄèĎĖâ !! âõ !!
Come on!

Y ĂēúĖĥ
Ń āēĊēüĄđâĎûõŦĈăċťĈúöťēèģøĖĥċĒĂÿĒúùũâĒúĝüŭúĄđõĒ û
éēâČĒĈĝĄĘĥĎèúĖĦĠúĝĎâċēĄüĄđâĎûâēĄĝĄĖăú
øĪēĠČŦĝĄēġõŦĄŦĈ
Ě ē
ť āēĊēüĄđâĎûõŦĈăċťĈúöťēèģøĖĥċĒĂÿĒ úùũâĒúĝüŭúĄđõĒ û
ĝĂĘĥĎĉėâĊēĎăťēè÷Ėĥ÷ŦĈúĞĆŦĈúĒĦúâĤéđÿûĈťēĝċĖăèĠúāēĊēġĂťġõŦĝüĆťèöťĎĝ
úĘĎ
ĥ èâĒúğõăġĂťãēõĄđăđ

Ğöťĝüŭ úĄČĒ ċøĖĥüĄđâĎûõŦĈăċťĈúăťĎăģ

âēĄĉėâĊēāēĊēâĤåĘĎâēĄĉėâĊēĄČĒ ċ
ċťĈúøĖĥĝĆĤâøĖĥċęõâĤåĘĎĝċĖ ăèøĖĥĞöâöťēèâĒ úĎĎâġü
ĝċĖăèĞöťĆđĝċĖ ăèúĒĦúĠúöĒĈãĎèĂĒúĝĎèġĂťġõŦĂĖåĈēĂČĂēăĞöťĎăťēèĠõ
ĞöťĝĂĘĥĎĄĈĂâĒ ûĎĖâĝċĖ ăèĎĘú
ĥ ĎĖâČúėĥèČĄĘĎċĎèĝċĖ ăèâĤéđĝâĕõĝüŭúÿăēèåũìėĥè
ĝüŭúČúťĈăøĖĥĝĆĤâøĖĥċęõøĖĥõĒèĝüŭ úĝċĖăèøĖĥġõŦăĕúġõŦ

ĝċĖăèøĖĥüĄđâĎûâĒúãėĦúĂēĞĆđĂĖåĈēĂČĂēăúĖĦ
úĒâāēĊēĉēċöĄũĝĄĖăâĈťē morpheme ČĄĘĎČúťĈăåĪē morpheme
úĒĦúĝüŭúČúťĈăãĎèāēĊēøĖĥĂĖåĈēĂČĂēă üĄđĝāøČúėĥèĎăĚťöēĂĆĪēÿĒ èġõŦ
ĎĖâüĄđĝāøČúėĥèĎăĚťöēĂĆĪēÿĒèġĂťġõŦöŦĎèüĄđâĎûâĒúâĒ û morpheme
åĘĎÿăēèåũ

s llable

ċťĈúüĄđâĎûøĖĥċĪēåĒ îãĎèÿăēèåũåĘĎċĄđ

ċťĈúÿăĒ îëúđéđĂĖČĄĘĎġĂťĂĖâĤġõŦ
ĠúČúėèĥ üĄđğăåĠúāēĊēĎĒ èâąĊúĒĦúéđĂĖĎèåũüĄđâĎû

6

üĄđâĎû
ìėĥèĝĂĘĥĎĂĖĎèåũüĄđâĎûåĄûüĄđğăåúĒĦúâĤéđĝüŭúãŦĎåĈēĂøĖĥĂĖåĈēĂČĂē
ă ĎĒúüĄđâĎûõŦĈă
1.YĝċĖăè (Soun ) ĎĒ âĊĄ 1 öĒĈĎēéĞøúĝċĖăèČúėĥèĝċĖ ăè ĝëťú
a,t,e,l ČĄĘĎĎĒ âĊĄ 2 öĒĈĞøúČúėèĥ ĝċĖ ăè ĝëťú ph, th
(S llable)

2.Yÿăēèåũ
åĘĎĝċĖ ăèĝĂĘĥĎĄĈĂâĒúĝüŭúČúťĈăøĖĥõĒèĠČŦ ĄĒûĀūèġõŦ
ċťĈúüĄđâĎûøĖĥċĪēåĒ îãĎèČúťĈăúĖĦ åĘĎ ċĄđ

3. YČúťĈăåĪē (Morpheme) ĝċĖăèøĖĄ
ĥ ĈĂâĒúĞĆŦĈĂĖåĈēĂČĂēă
4. YåĪē (Wor ) åĪēĝüŭúČúťĈăøĖĥåúċťĈúĠČîťåęŦúĝåă åĪē 1 åĪē
ĎēéüĄđâĎûõŦĈă 1 morpheme
5. YğåĄèċĄŦēè

(Structure)

åĪēĠúāēĊēéđĄĈĂâĒúĝüŭ úĄđûû

ĝëťú åĪē⥥ĂöĪēúēĂ åĪēúĪēåĪēúēĂ éđġĂťöēĂČĆĒ è
6. YüĄđğăå (Sentence) üĄđâĎûõŦĈăċťĈúøĖĥĝüŭúāēåüĄđùēú

ĝĂĘĥĎĝĄēøĄēûĎèåũüĄđâĎûãĎèüĄđğăåĞĆŦĈĝĄēéđċēĂēĄ÷úĪēüĄ
đğăåĠúāēÿăúöĄũĝĄĘĎ
ĥ èPerfume

ġõŦ

ìėĥèöĒĈĎăťēèüĄđğăåéēâĠúāēÿăúöĄũ ĂĖõĒèöťĎġüúĖĦ
öĎúøĖĥ 1.2 ĆĒ âĊôđċĪēåĒ îãĎèāēĊē
I

u & )Ec=FF

éēâČĒĈĝĄĘĥĎèĠúĝĎâċēĄüĄđâĎûâēĄĝĄĖăúøĪēĠČŦ

ĝĄēġõŦĄŦĈ
Ě ē
ť āēĊēøĖĥĝĄēĠëŦĠúâēĄċĘĥĎċēĄÿĚõåę ăâĒ úĎăĚťøęâĈĒúúĒĦúĂĖĄđûûã
ĎèĝĄēĝĎè
ìėĥèĝĄēĎēééđġĂťġõŦåĕõČĄĘĎúėâġü÷ėèĝĄĘĎ
ĥ èúĒĦúġüĝĆăĝúĘĥĎèéēâĈťē
âēĄÿĚõĞĆđâēĄĀūèĝüŭúċĕĥèøĖĥĂúęĊăũĝĄēøĪēġõŦğõăĎĒ öğúĂĒ öĕ
ĝĂĘĥĎāēĊēĝüŭúċĕĥèøĖĥøęâåúĠëŦğõăġĂťöŦĎèåĕõ
ċťĈúĂēâéėèĂĖåĈēĂĄĚŦċėâĈťēāēĊēĝüŭúãĎèùĄĄĂõēøĖĥüĄđâĎûõŦĈăåĪēìėĥè
ýĚŦĄŦġĚ õŦĄĈûĄĈĂÿĕĂÿũĝüŭúĝĆťĂ

ĝĄĖăâĈťē

ÿéúēúęâĄĂ

ČēâĝĄēøĪēâēĄĉėâĊēāēĊēĎăťēèĆđĝĎĖăõġĂťĈē
ť éđāēĊēĠõâĤöēĂĝĄēéđ
ÿûĈťē

āēĊēĝüŭ úĄđûûøĖĥĝëĘĥĎĂğăèåĈēĂČĈēăâĒ ûĝċĖăè

ĂĖåĈēĂĝüŭ úĄđĝûĖăû
ĎèåũüĄđâĎûãĎèāēĊēĠúċťĈúøĖĥĝüŭúĄĚüùĄĄĂøĖĥğċöüĄđċēøċē
ĂēĄ÷ĄĒ ûġõŦúĒĦúåĘĎ ĝċĖăè ĝċĖ ăèøĖĥĠëŦĠúāēĊēČúėĥèģúĒĦúĂĖéĪēúĈúéĪēâĒ õ
ĞĆđĂĖĆĒâĊôđĝêÿēđĝüŭúĄđûûĞöâöťēèġüéēâāēĊēĎĘú
ĥ
ĝëťúĝċĖăèøĖĥĝüĆťèĎĎâĂēúĒĦúéđĝĄĖăèâĒúĎăťēèġĄ

ĎăĚťĠúöĪēĞČúťèĠõãĎèÿăēèåũ
âĤĂĖãŦĎâĪēČúõĞöâöťēèâĒúġüĠúĞöťĆđāēĊē
ĝċĖăèøĖĥāēĊēġøăĠëŦ

è

ċťĈúĠúāēĊēĎĒèâąĊĂĒ âĠëŦ

ĞøúĠúāēĊēĝãĖ ăú
ng

Ğøú

ĝüŭúöŦúĈťē
ĝëťú
ĝëťú

èēĂ
sing

ĠúāēĊēġøăéđĝüŭ úöŦúĝċĖ ăèČĄĘĎĝċĖ ăèøŦēăãĎèÿăēèåũâĤġõŦ ĝëťú èĎĂ
ĂĎè
ĞöťĠúāēĊēĎĒ èâąĊĝċĖ ăèøĖĥĂĖĆĒâĊôđåĆŦēăâĒ úúĖĦĝĄĕĂ
ĥ öŦúÿăēèåũġĂťġõŦ
éđĝüŭúĝċĖăèøĖĥĂēøŦēăÿăēèåũĝøťēúĒĦú
āēĊēøĖĥĠëŦĠúâēĄċĘĥĎċēĄúĒĦúĝüŭúâēĄĝüĆťèĝċĖăèåĪēöťēèģĠúāēĊē
öťĎĝúĘĥĎèâĒ ú
âēĄøĖĥåĪēĠõéđĎăĚťĠúöĪēĞČúťèġČúúĒĦúĝüŭúċĕĥèøĖĥĄŦâ
Ě ĒúĠúĄđČĈťēèýĚŦĠëŦāē
Ċē
ĞöťĆđāēĊēéđĂĖĄ ĚüĞûûĝêÿēđöĒ ĈĠúâēĄĈēèåĪēĝÿĘĥĎċĘĥĎċēĄåĈēĂúėâåĕ
õöťēèģ ĝëťú āēĊēġøăĠëŦĈē
ť ĞĂĈċĖõĪēöĒĈúĒĦú āēĊēĎĒ èâąĊéđĠëŦĈē
ť
that

blac

cat

ĝĄēéđĝČĤúġõŦĈē
ť

ãŦĎåĈēĂĎăťēèĝõĖăĈâĒúéđĎĎâĝċĖ ăèöťēèâĒúġüĠúĞöťĆđāēĊē
ĞĆđĂĖĈĕùĖâēĄĝĄĖăèĝċĖăèĞĆđĝĄĖăèåĪēĞöâöťēèâĒ úõŦĈă

éēâĠúāēÿăúöĄũĝĄĘĥĎè

Perfume

úĒĦúĝĄēéđĝČĤúġõŦĈē
ť āēĊēøĖĥöĒĈĆđåĄĠëŦĠúâēĄċĘĥĎċēĄâĒúúĒĦúĝüŭúāēĊē
ĎĒ èâąĊĞûûĎĝĂĄĕâĒú

ìėĥèĠúāēĊēĞûûúĖĦâĤéđĂĖĄ ĚüĞûû

ĝüŭúāēĊēøĖĥĂĖĄđûûĞûûāēĊēĎĒ èâąĊ åĘĎ üĄđùēú + âĄĕăē +
⥥Ă

ìėĥèĝüŭúĄđûûāēĊēøĖĥĂĖåĈēĂĞöâöťēèâĒ ûāēĊēġøă

üĄđğăåûøċúøúēĠúāēÿăúöĄũøĖĥĂĖåĈēĂĞöâöťēèâĒúĄđČĈťēèāēĊē
ĎĒ èâąĊĞĆđāēĊēġøăĂĖõĒèöťĎġüúĖĦ

Y there live a man

ho

as one of the most

gifte an notorious personages of his time.

Y His name

as Jean-Baptiste Grenouille.

Y There reigne in the cities a stench barel
conceivable to us mo ern men an

Y There

omen.

ere about a ozen perfumers in Paris in

those a s.

Y Bal ini ha create several trul great perfumes

Y I believe the hea cor contains lime oil.

éēâøĖĥġõŦâĆťēĈĂēãŦēèöŦúĞĆŦĈúĒĦú
üĄđğăåøĖĥâĆťēĈĂēĝüŭúüĄđğăåøĖĥĂĖāēĊēøĖĥüĄđâĎûõŦĈăċťĈúöťē
èģ

øĖĥċĒĂÿĒ úùũâĒúĝüŭ úĄđõĒ û
ĝĄēéėèġõŦøĪēâēĄĈĕĝåĄēđČũ÷ėèğåĄèċĄŦēèüĄđğăåãĎèāēĊēĎĒèâąĊøĖĥüĄ
đâĎûõŦĈă Tense öťēèģ õĒèúĖĦ

ó 

G
$
H B
ó
ğåĄèċĄŦēèüĄđğăå
üĄđùēú

is,am,are,have,has ČĄĘĎ âĄĕăēëťĎèøĖĥ 1
ĝöĕĂ s ČĄĘĎ , es

⥥Ă

÷ŦēüĄđùēúĝüŭúĝĎâÿéúũ ĠČŦĝöĕĂ e ČĄĘĎ es ČĆĒ èâĄĕăēëťĎèøĖĥ
1 ăâĝĈŦú I,ZOU
8<.++ c345

1.YĠëŦûĎâĝČöęâēĄôũøĝĖĥ âĕõãėĦúĝüŭúüĄđéĪē .
2.YĠëŦûĎâĝČöęâēĄôũøé
Ėĥ đĝâĕõãėĦúĎăťēèĞúťúĎúĠúĝĄĤĈģúĖĦ
3.YĠëŦûĎâĝČöęâēĄôũøĝĖĥ üŭ úåĈēĂéĄĕèĞøŦ ĞúťúĎú 

G
$  

ó

ğåĄèċĄŦēèüĄđğăå
üĄđùēú

8<.++ c345

is , am ,are + âĄĕăēëťĎèøĖĥ
1 ĝöĕĂ ing

⥥Ă

1.YĠëŦûĎââēĄâĄđøĪēøĖĥâĪēĆĒ èĝâĕõãėĦú ĠúãôđúĒĦúģ
2.YĠëŦûĎââēĄâĄđøĪēøĖĥġõŦúĒõČĂēăġĈŦĠúĎúēåöĎĒ úĠâĆŦ
3.YĠëŦûĎââēĄâĄđøĪēøĖĥýŦâ
Ě ĄđøĪēġõŦĠëŦĝĈĆēâĄđøĪēĂēĝüŭúĝĈĆēúēú 

G
$
$%
ó

ğåĄèċĄŦēèüĄđğăå
üĄđùēú

have, has + âĄĕăēëťĎèøĖĥ 3
(Participle Tense)

⥥Ă

8<.++ c345

1.YĠëŦûĎâĝČöęâēĄôũøĝĖĥ âĕõãėĦúĂēĠúĎõĖöĞĆŦĈăĒ èåèĝâĕõãėĦúéú÷ėèüūé
éęûĒúğõăüĄâöĕ ĂĒ âéđĂĖåĪēĈťē since ČĄĘĎ for ĎăĚťõŦĈă
2.YĠëŦûĎââēĄâĄđøĪēøĖĥĝċĄĤéċĂûĚĄ ôũġüâťĎúČúŦēúĖĦ ĂĒ âéđĂĖåĪēĈťē
just
3.YĠëŦûĎââēĄâĄđøĪēĠúĎõĖöøĖĥġĂťġõŦĄđûęĝĈĆēĝéēđéèĆèġü

G
$
$%  

ó

ğåĄèċĄŦēèüĄđğăå
üĄđùēú
8<.++ c345

have, has + been + âĄĕăē
ĝöĕĂ ing

⥥Ă

1.YĞċõè÷ėèâēĄâĄđøĪēøĖĥĝâĕõĠúĎõĖöĞĆŦĈăĒ èåèõĪēĝúĕúĎăĚťéú÷ėèüūééę
ûĒú ĝúŦúâēĄâĄđøĪēøĖĥöťĎĝúĘĥĎèĂēğõă öĆĎõĂĒ âéđĂĖ
åĪēĈťē since ČĄĘĎ for ĎăĚť Present Perfect Continuous
Tense éđĝúŦúâēĄöťĎĝúĘĥĎèãĎèâēĄâĄđøĪēĂēââĈťē Present
Perfect Tense 

G
$
H B
ó

ğåĄèċĄŦēèüĄđğăå
üĄđùēú

âĄĕăēëťĎè2

⥥Ă

8<.++ c345

1.YĠëŦâĒûĝČöęâēĄôũøĝĖĥ âĕõãėĦúĞĆđéûċĕĦúġüĞĆŦĈĠúĎõĖö ĂĒ âÿûåĪēĈťē
Zester a , Last üŝÿ.ĉ. ČĄĘĎ å.ĉ. ĠúĎõĖö
2.YĠëŦĞċõèâĕé⥥ĂČĄĘĎĝČöęâēĄôũ øĖĥĝâĕõãėĦúĠúëťĈèČúėèĥ ĠúĎõĖö
ìėĥèĂĒ âéđĞċõèåĪēĠúĎõĖö ČĄĘĎĞċõèëťĈè ĝĈĆēĎăĚťõŦĈă

ƒG
$    

ğåĄèċĄŦēèüĄđğăå
üĄđùēú

as,

ere + âĕĄĕăēëťĎèøĖĥ 1
ĝöĕĂ ing

⥥Ă

8<.++ c345

1.YĠëŦĞċõèĝČöęâēĄôũĎăťēèĠõĎăťēèČúėèĥ øĖĥâĪēĆĒ èõĪēĝúĕúĎăĚĠť úĎõĖö
ĞĆđĂĖĝČöęâēĄôũĎú
Ęĥ ĝâĕõãėĦúĂēĠúãôđ úĒĦúõŦĈă ĝëťú I
atching television

as

hen m frien appeare .

âĕé⥥ĂøĖĥâĪēĆĒ èõĪēĝúĕúĎăĚť âťĎúúĒĦúĠëŦ Past continuous

tense ċťĈúâĕé⥥ĂøĖĥĞøĄâãėĦúĂēĠëŦ Past Simple Tense
øĒĦè 2 ĝČöęâēĄôũ úĒĦú ĆŦĈúĝâĕõãėĦúĠúĎõĖö
2.YĠëŦĞċõèĝČöęâēĄôũøĖĥĝâĕõãėĦúĠúĎõĖöĂĒ âĂĖĄđăđĝĈĆēĄđûę 

G
$
$%
ó

ğåĄèċĄŦēèüĄđğăå
ha

üĄđùēú

+ âĄĕăēëťĎè 3 (Past
Participle)

⥥Ă

8<.++ c345

1.YĠëŦĞċõèĝČöęâēĄôũøĖĥĝâĕõãėĦúĠúĎõĖöĞĆđéûĆèġüĞĆŦĈĠúĎõĖö
Past Perfect Tense ĂĒ âĠëŦåĚťâĒû Past Simple Tense
ĝĂĘĥĎöŦĎèĞċõèĝČöę âēĄôũ
2.YĝČöęâēĄôũøĖĥĝâĕõãėĦú ĠúĎõĖöğõăĝČöęâēĄôũ
Čúėèĥ ĝâĕõâťĎúĝČöęâēĄôũČúėĥè

>G
$
$%  

ó

ğåĄèċĄŦēèüĄđğăå
üĄđùēú
8<.++ c345

ha

been + âĄĕăēëťĎèøĖĥ 1 ĝöĕĂ
ing

⥥Ă

1.YĠëŦĞċõèĝČöęâēĄôũĝÿĘĥĎĝúŦúâēĄâĄđøĪ ēöťĎĝúĘĥĎèĠúĎõĖöâēĄû
ĎâĄđăđãĎèåĈēĂöťĎĝúĘĥĎèĂĒ âĠëŦåĪēĈťē for five minutes ,
for three a s, ČĄĘĎ for t o months ĝüŭúöŦú

ûG
C
H B
ó

ğåĄèċĄŦēèüĄđğăå
üĄđùēú

shall , ill + âĄĕăēëťĎèøĖĥ 1

⥥Ă

8<.++ c345
1.Y1.ĠëŦĞċõèĝČöęâēĄôũøĖĥĝâĕõãėĦúĠúĎúēåö
ğõăĂĖ åĪēûĎâĎúēåöĎăĚťõŦĈă ĂĒ âÿû tomorro
next mount , tonight ĝüŭúöŦúĝëťú She

, soon ,

ill have a

test tomorro .
2.Y2.ĠëŦĠúüĄđğăååĪē÷ēĂĝëĕèãĎĎúęîēö ãĎĄŦĎè
ČĄĘĎãĎåĪēăĘúăĒ ú
*****ĠúâēĄãĎĎúęîēö Shall ĠëŦâĒûûęĄęĊøĖĥ1
øĒĦèĝĎâÿéúũĞĆđÿČĚÿéúũ (I ,We) ċťĈú Will ĠëŦâĒûûęĄęĊøĖĥ 2 (Zou) 

G
C  

ó

ğåĄèċĄŦēèüĄđğăå
üĄđùēú

shall be/ ill be+âĄĕăēĝöĕĂ
ing

⥥Ă

8<.++ c345

1.YĠëŦĞċõèĝČöęâēĄôũøĖĥåēõĈťē ČĄĘĎ
åĕõĈťēéđâĪēĆĒèõĪēĝúĕúĎăĚťĠúĝĈĆēĠõĝĈĆēČúėèĥ ĠúĎúēåö ĂĒ âéđĂĖ
A verb of time ĝëťú at this time ,this time
,tomorro (ĄđûęĝĈĆēøĖĥĞúťúĎúĠúĎõĖö) 

G
C
$%
ó

ğåĄèċĄŦēèüĄđğăå
üĄđùēú

shall have / ill have +
âĕĄĕăē ëťĎè 3

⥥Ă

8<.++ c345

1.YĠëŦĞċõèĝČöęâēĄôũČĄĘĎâēĄâĄđøĪēĎăťēèĠõĎăťēèČúėĥèøĖĥĝċĄĤéċĕĦú
ČĄĘĎ ċĕĦúċęõĆèĞĆŦĈĠúĝĈĆēøĖĥÿĚõ÷ėèĠú Ďúēåö ĂĒ âÿûåĪēĈťē b
+ ĝĈĆēĠúĎúēåö 

G
C
$%  

ó

ğåĄèċĄŦēèüĄđğăå
üĄđùēú

shall have been /

ill have

been + âĕĄĕăēëťĎèøĖ1
ĥ + ing

⥥Ă

8<.++ c345

1.YĠëŦĞċõèĝČöęâēĄôũČĄĘĎâēĄâĄđøĪēøĖĥöťĎĝúĘĥĎèĂēéú÷ėèĝČöę âēĄôũ
Čúėèĥ ĠúĎúēåö ûĎâĄđăđĝĈĆēãĎè

åĈēĂöťĎĝúĘĥĎèğõăåĪēöťĎġüúĖĦ ĝëťú for t o hours, for three
ee s ĝüŭ úöŦú

öĒĈĎăťēèâēĄĠëŦ Tense öťēèģéēâāēÿăúöĄũĝĄĘĎ
ĥ è sheļs out
of m league

Y There live a man

ho

as one of the most

gifte an notorious personages of his time.

Y His name

as Jean-Baptiste Grenouille.

Y There reigne in the cities a stench barel
conceivable to us mo ern men an

Y There

omen.

ere about a ozen perfumers in Paris in

those a s.

Y Bal ini ha create several trul great perfumes.

Y I believe the hea cor contains lime oil.

Y The first follo e the

in ing roa through the

villages.

Y There

as something sacre about this place.

Y It seeme that the go s ha at last begun to
smile on him.

Y He shall then be raise up to hang until ea .

Y There reigne in the cities a stench barel
conceivable to us mo ern men an

omen.

úĎâéēâøĖĥĝĄēøĄēûĝĄĘĎ
ĥ è Tense öťēèģĠúĝĄĘĎ
ĥ è Perfume
ĞĆŦĈ ĝĄēăĒ èġõŦøĄēûĎĖâĈťēĠúĞöťĆđüĄđğăåúĒĦúĂĖåĪēëťĈă
Ďăťēèĝëťú mo al verb (Can, Coul , Ma , Might, Must,
Have to, nee ) ČĄĘĎ If cause
ìėĥèĝĄēċēĂēĄ÷ÿûġõŦéēâûøĠúāēÿăúöĄũõĒèöťĎġüúĖĦåĘĎ 

I 
J

Can, coul ĞüĆĈťē "ċēĂēĄ÷"
1.Y1.ĠëŦâĆťēĈ÷ėèåĈēĂċēĂēĄ÷ĈťēċēĂēĄ÷øĪēċĕĥèúĖĦċĕĥèúĒĦúġõŦ
2.Y2.ĝĄēéđġĂťĠëŦ can âĒ û infinitive ČĄĘĎ participles
ĞöťĝĂĘĥĎéĪēĝüŭúĝĄēéđĠëŦåĪēĎĘú
ĥ Ğøú
3.YCoul ĝüŭú past ãĎè can ĝĄēĠëŦ coul
ċĪēČĄĒ ûåĈēĂċēĂēĄ÷øĒĈ
ĥ ġü ČĄĘĎâēĄĎúęîēö
ĝĄēĠëŦ Can ĞĆđ Coul
1.YâĒ ûåĈēĂċēĂēĄ÷ (abilit )
2.YâēĄãĎČĄĘĎâēĄĠČŦĎúęîēö
3.YâēĄãĎĄŦĎè (requests)
4.YĝċúĎöĒĈĝÿĘĥĎëťĈăĝČĆĘĎ (offers)
5.YÿĚõ÷ėèåĈēĂĝüŭúġüġõŦ ĞĆđåēõåđĝúĠúċĕèĥ øĖĥĎēééđĝâĕõãėĦú
(possibilit an probabilit )
6.YĠëŦ can âĒ ûċ÷ēúâēĄôũČĄĘĎĝČöęâēĄôũøĖĥĝüŭúġüġõŦ
öĒĈĎăťēèâēĄĠëŦ can coul

éēâāēÿăúöĄũĝĄĘĎ
ĥ è Perfume

Y Zou can smell it ever

here these a s, monsieur.

Y Well, I coul n't care less
slops into his perfumes.

hat that bungler Plissier

Y Well, coul be cinnamon.

Y Coul

ou tell me the exact formula of "Amor an

Ps che"?

Y Zou see, ou can't, can ou? An I'll tell ou

h .

Y But I can ma e "Amor an Ps che" for ou no .

Y Can't I come to

or for ou, master, can't I?

Y Can ou teach me that?

Y Coul never be etermine .

Y Can ou o that?

Y No man can rightl call himself a perfume

Y Zou sai I coul capture the scent of an thing.

Y Zou can no more istil the scent of a cat.

Y Than ou can istil the scent of ou an me!

Y Is there nothing ou can o?
ˆKI 

1.YĠëŦâĒûâēĄÿĚõ÷ėèâēĄĂĖğĎâēċãĎèûēèċĕĥèûēèøĖĎēéĝüŭ úéĄĕèČĄĘĎĎ
ēééđĝâĕõãėĦúĝëťú
2.YMight ġĂťġõŦĝüŭú past ãĎè ma ĝĄēéđĠëŦ might
ĝĂĘĥĎĝĄēĂĖğĎâēċøĖĥúŦĎăâĈťē ma

3.YâēĄĠëŦ ma /might âĒ û have
ĠëŦĞċõèâēĄåēõåđĝúøĖĥĎēééđĝâĕõãėĦúĠúĎõĖö ma /might
+ have +V3
4.YĠëŦ ma might ĠúâēĄãĎĎúęîēö
5.YĠëŦ ma ĠúâēĄĎúęîēöĞĆđġĂťĎúęîēö
öĒĈĎăťēèâēĄĠëŦ Ma / Might éēâāēÿăúöĄũ

Y

Y

Ma I tr it? If ou allo

me, ma emoiselle.

Zou ma fill this one. Zes, master.
ˆ

ĞüĆĈťē "öŦĎè"öēĂõŦĈăâĄĕăēëťĎèøĖĥ 1ĂĖČĆĒ ââēĄĠëŦõĒèúĖĦ
1.YĠëŦĞċõèåĈēĂéĪēĝüŭúøĖĥöŦĎèâĄđøĪē
2.YĠëŦĠúâēĄĠČŦåĪēĞúđúĪēČĄĘĎâēĄċĒ ĥèâĒ ûöĒĈĝĄēĝĎèČĄĘĎâĒ ûûęåå
ĆĎĘú
ĥ ĝëťú
3. YĝĄēĠëŦ have to Ğøú must ġõŦ
4. YüĄđğăåøĖĥĠëŦ Must
ĂĒ âĝüŭúüĄđğăåøĖĥĎăĚťĠúĄĚüãĎèüĄđğăååĪēċĒ ĥè

öĒĈĎăťēèâēĄĠëŦ Ma / Might éēâāēÿăúöĄũ

Y

ou must let me o it in m
o n

a
.

Y

I must've been insane to listen to
our asinine
gibberish.
much must I pa
?

Y

Ho

Y

He must continue his journe
to Grasse. 

L  

ġõŦĞâťåĪēĈťē has,have,ha

Y has ĠëŦâĒûüĄđùēúĝĎâÿéúũ

Y have ĠëŦâĒûüĄđùēúÿČĚÿéúũ

Y ha

ĠëŦġõŦøĒĦèüĄđùēúĝĎâÿéúũĞĆđÿČĚÿéúũĠúĄĚüãĎè past

1.YĝĄēéđĠëŦâĒû Present Perfect Tense ĞĆđ Past Perfect
tense
2.YVerb to have øĖĥĝüŭúâĄĕăēĞøŦĞüĆĈťē "ĂĖ" "ĄĒûüĄđùēú"
öĒĈĎăťēèâēĄĠëŦ Verb to have ĠúāēÿăúöĄũ

Y

But he ha been born

ith a talent that ma e

him unique among their in .

Y

8as a gift that ha been give to him

Y

8h
he ha come to his o8n life so tenaciousl
,
so savagel
.

Y

ha set up shop\Nin the center of the bri ge,

Y

Bal ini ha create several trul
great perfumes
to 8hich he o8e his fortune.

Y

Zou have to measure it first!

Y

Have
ou gone completel
insane?!

Y

Zou tol me I ha to experiment.

Y

To believe that he ha actuall
foun a spot on
earth...
been a nobo
\ to ever
one.

Y

He ha

Y

B
the first light of next morning, Grenouille ha
a ne8 plan.

Y

He must continue his journe
to Grasse.

Y

It seeme that the go s ha at last begun to
smile on him.

Y

Haven't seen
ou here before.

Y

Not no8, I've got 8or to o. Zou must go no8.

Y

I've ha enough!

Y

Grimalļs transaction ha a profoun effect on all
three parties.

Y

Legen has it that a jar 8as once foun in a
pharaoh's tomb.

Y

I 8ill ma e as man
perfumes as
ou 8ant. But

ou have to teach me.

Y

We have to let them go to their eaths 8ith their
scent intact.

Y

What have
ou one? Zou lie . 

J

ĝüŭúġõŦøĒĦèâĄĕăēëťĈăĞĆđâĄĕăēĞøŦ
1.YĝĂĘĥĎĠëŦĝüŭ úâĄĕăēĞøŦ nee + to +V1
÷ŦēöŦĎèâēĄøĪēĝüŭ úüĄđğăåüðĕĝċùĞĆđüĄđğăååĪē÷ēĂ ĠČŦĝĎē
Verb to o ĂēëťĈă
1.YĝĂĘĥĎĠëŦĝüŭ úâĄĕăēëťĈăĝĄēġĂťåťĎăĠëŦĝøťēġČĄťìèėĥ ċťĈúĠČîťéđĝČĤúâē
ĄĠëŦ nee n't ĝëťú
2.YâēĄĠëŦ nee n't + have +V3
Ğċõè÷ėèâēĄâĄđøĪēøĖĥġĂťéĪēĝüŭúöŦĎèøĪ ēĠúĎõĖöĞöťøĪēġüĞĆŦĈĝüŭú
âēĄĝċĖăĝĈĆēĝüĆťē
öĒĈĎăťēèéēâāēÿăúöĄũ

Y

He nee e a journe
man's papers.

Y

It nee more time. 

% 

8c!# 
J 
H

åĘĎ

üĄđğăåøĖĥĂĖãŦĎåĈēĂĞċõèĝèĘĥĎúġã

(Con itions)

ČĄĘĎâēĄċĂĂöĕ ìėĥèüĄđâĎûõŦĈăüĄđğăåĝĆĤâ
üĄđğăåĄĈĂâĒúĞĆđĝëĘĥĎĂõŦĈă
üĄđğăåøĖĥúĪēČúŦēõŦĈă

if

2

conjunction

ĞċõèĝèĘĥĎúġã

ĝĄēĝĄĖăâĈťē

"if"
if-clause

ĞĆđüĄđğăåøĖĥĞċõèýĆĝèĘĥĎúġãúĒĦú ĝĄēĝĄĖăâĈťē main clause
If clause ĞûťèġõŦĝüŭú 3 üĄđĝāø åĘ Ď ĞûûøĖĥ 1 / ĞûûøĖĥ 2 /
ĞûûøĖĥ 3
ĞûûøĖĥ 1
1.YĠëŦâĒûåĈēĂĝüŭúéĄĕèøĖĥĝâĕõãėĦúöēĂùĄĄĂëēöĕ (natural la8s)
øēèõŦēúĈĕøăēĉēċöĄũ
ČĄĘĎâēĄâĄđøĪēøĖĥĝüŭúúĕċĒăãĎèĞöťĆđûęååĆ (habitual
actions) ãŦĎåĈēĂĝČĆťēúĖĦéđĝüŭ úãŦĎåĈēĂøĒĈ
ĥ ģ ġü
ìėĥèĝüŭúåĈēĂéĄĕèĝċĂĎ ĞĆđĝĂĘĥĎĝČöę âēĄôũĞĄâĝâĕõãėĦú
ĝČöęâēĄôũøĖĥċĎèéđĝâĕõãėĦúĝċĂĎ
2.YĠëŦâĒûĝČöęâēĄôũøĖĥéđĝâĕõãėĦúĠúĎúēåö ÷ŦēĝČöęâēĄôũĞĄâĝâĕõãėĦú
ĝČöęâēĄôũøĖĥċĎèâĤéđĝâĕõãėĦúöēĂĂēõŦĈă

3.YĠëŦĞċõèĈťēĝČöęâēĄôũĞĄâéđċĕĦúċęõĎăťēèĞúťúĎúâťĎúøĖĥĝČöęâēĄ
ôũøĖĥċĎèéđĝâĕõãėĦúĠúĎúēåö

ĞûûøĖĥ 2
If + Past Simple, 8oul (coul , shoul , might) + V1
If clause ĞûûøĖĥ 2 ĠëŦâĒûĝČöęâēĄôũøĖĥĝüŭúġüġĂťġõŦĠúüūééęûĒú
ČĄĘĎéĕúöúēâēĄ (Impossible an imaginar
)
ċĪēČĄĒ û If clause øĖĥĂĖ verb to be ĝĄēĎēééđĠëŦ 8ere
âĒ ûüĄđùēúøęâöĒĈ ĝÿĘĥĎĝúŦúĈťēĝČöęâēĄôũúĒĦúĝüŭúġüġĂťġõŦéĄĕèģ

ĞûûøĖĥ 3
If + Past perfect, 8oul (coul , shoul , might) have +
V3
If clause ĞûûøĖĥ 3
ĠëŦâĒûĝČöęâēĄôũøĖĥöĄèãŦēèâĒ ûåĈēĂĝüŭ úéĄĕèĠúĎõĖö

úĎâéēâ if ĞĆŦĈ ĝĄēċēĂēĄ÷ĠëŦåĪēĈťē unless ĞøúġõŦ
÷ŦēåĈēĂČĂēăãĎèüĄđğăåĝüŭúüðĕĝċù åĪēĈťē unless ĞüĆĈťē
÷Ŧē ...ġĂť (if...Not)
öĒĈĎăťēèâēĄĠëŦ If éēâāēÿăúöĄũ

Y

What if it screams?

Y

If
ou allo8 me, ma emoiselle.

Y

If of course, no8 for some time him ingre ients
of "Amor an Ps
che".

Y

If
ou let me again, master, Iļll ma e it better.

Y

If
ou sa
so, ma am.

Y

Well, if
ou sa
so.

éēâøĖĥăâöĒĈĎăťēèãŦēèûúĂēĞĆŦĈúĒĦú øĒĦèğåĄèċĄŦēèāēĊē
ġĈăēâĄôũöťēèģ Tense ČĄĘĎåĪēëťĈăöťēèģúĒĦú
ýĚŦĠëŦûēèåúâĤĎēééđăĒ èġĂťĄŦġĚ ĂťĝãŦēĠééúĝâĕõåĈēĂċĒ ûċúġõŦ
éėèġõŦúĪēġüĠëŦĠúâēĄċĘĥĎċēĄĞûûýĕõģ

Ń āēĊēĂĖĆĒâĊôđøĖĥĝüŭúċēâĆĞĆđĆĒ âĊôđĝêÿēđ
éēâČĒĈĝĄĘĥĎèúĖĦĠúĝĎâċēĄüĄđâĎûâēĄĝĄĖăúøĪēĠČŦĝĄēġõŦĄŦĈ
Ě ē
ť
āēĊēöťēèģøĖĥĂúęĊăũĠëŦĠúâēĄċĘĥĎċēĄ
ĞĂŦĈē
ť éđĞöâöťēèâĒúĎăťēèĂēââĤéĄĕè
÷Ŧē÷ŦēĂĎèõĚĠČŦõĖĞĆŦĈâĤéđÿûĈťēĂĖĆĒâĊôđøĖĝĥ ČĂĘĎúâĒúĎăĚťČĆēăüĄđâē
Ą

ĝëťú

āēĊēøęâāēĊēĠëŦĝċĖăèĠúâēĄċĘĥĎċēĄ

ĞĆđĝċĖăèúĖĦåĘĎĆĂČēăĠéøĖĥĎĎâéēâüĎõ
ýťēúČĆĎõĆĂĝãŦēĂēĠúëťĎèüēââĄđøûČĄĘĎĝêĖăõĎĈĒ ăĈđöťēèģĠúüēâ
ĞĆŦĈýťēúĎĎâĂēøēèüēâČĄĘĎéĂĚâ
÷ŦēÿĕéēĄôēĝċĖ ăèĠúāēĊēČúėĥèøĖĥĂĖĈĕùĖâēĄĎĎâĝċĖăèåĆŦēăâĒ úĆĒ âĊôđã
ĎèĝċĖăèâĤĎēéĞöâöťēèâĒúġüġõŦ
âĆťēĈåĘĎĝĂĘĥĎåúĎĒ èâąĊČĄĘĎĎĝĂĄĕâĒúÿĚõāēĊēġøăõŦĈăĝċĖăèāē
ĊēĎĒ èâąĊ

åúġøăâĤéđĄĚŦċėâĈťēĞüĄťèČĚ

ĠúøĪēúĎèĝõĖăĈâĒú

÷ŦēåúġøăÿĚõāēĊēĎĒèâąĊõŦĈăĝċĖăèāēĊēġøă
ĝéŦēãĎèāēĊēâĤåèĞüĄťèČĚĝČĂĘĎúâĒúāēĊēĠúĞöťĆđÿĘĦúøĖĥúĒĦúăťĎĂĂĖåĈ
ēĂĞöâöťēèâĒ ú
ĆĒ âĊôđâēĄÿĚõâĤéđĝüŭúāēĊēøĖĥĂĖĆĒâĊôđĝêÿēđìėĥèåúĠúÿĘĦúøĖĥúĒĦúģ
ÿĚõâĒ ú
éēâāēÿăúöĄũĝĄĘĎ
ĥ è

Perfume

øĪēĠČŦĝĄēġõŦÿûĈťēāēĊēĎĒèâąĊøĖĥöĒĈĆđåĄÿĚõâĒúúĒĦúĝüŭúāēĊēĎĒ èâą
ĊĞûûĎĒ èâąĊĎĝĂĄĕâĒúúĒĦúĞĆŦĈ
āēĊēĎĒ èâąĊĞûûĎĝĂĄĕâĒúâĤéđĝüŭúāēĊēøĖĥĂĖĆĒâĊôđĝêÿēđĞûûĎĝĂ

ĄĕâĒú

ĎĖâøĒĦèăĒ èĞûûĎĝĂĄĕâĒúøĖĝĥ üŭ úĞûûúĕĈăĎâ

åĘĎĝĂĘĎèĠČîť

ċĪēĝúĖăèāēĊēøĖĥĠëŦĠúúĕĈăĎââĤéđĂĖåĈēĂĞöâöťēèéēâĝĂĘĎèĎĘú
ĥ ģĠúĎĝ
ĂĄĕâēĎĖâõŦĈă
Ń āēĊēĂĖâēĄĝüĆĖĥăúĞüĆèĎăĚťĝċĂĎ
éēâČĒĈĝĄĘĥĎèúĖĦĠúĝĎâċēĄüĄđâĎûâēĄĝĄĖăúøĪēĠČŦĝĄēġõŦĄŦĈ
Ě ē
ť
āēĊēøĖĥåúĠëŦâĒúúĒĦú

ġĂťġõŦĎăĚťåèøĖĥ

ĂĖâēĄÿĒóúēĝéĄĕîĝöĕûğöĝëťúĝõĖăĈâĒ ûċĕĥèĂĖëĖĈĕö
ìėĥèâēĄĝüĆĖĥăúĞüĆèĂĒ âéđĝüŭúĞûûëŦēģ
ýĆãĎèâēĄĝüĆĖĥăúĞüĆèéđġĂťĄŦċ
Ě ėâøĒ úøĖ
ãôđøĖĥĝâĕõâēĄĝüĆĖĥăúĞüĆèúĒĦúåúċťĈúĠČîťéđġĂťåťĎăăĎĂĄĒ ûĝĄĘĥĎèâē
ĄĝüĆĖĥăúĞüĆèĝÿĄēđăĒ èăėõĈťēċĕĥèĠõâĤöēĂøĖĥĞöâöťēèġüéēâøĖĥĝåăüðĕûĒ
öĕâĒúĂēĞĆŦĈ

ĝüŭúċĕĥèøĖĥýĕõúĎâĆĚťúĎâøēèġĂťċĂåĈĄăėõĝüŭ úöĒĈĎăťēè

÷ŦēýĚŦĠëŦāēĊēĝãŦēĠéĆĒ âĊôđĞĆđùĄĄĂëēöĕãĎèāēĊēĈťēéđöŦĎèĝüĆĖĥăú
ĞüĆèġüöēĂëĖĈĕöåĈēĂĝüŭúĎăĚťãĎèýĚŦĠëŦ
āēĊēâĤéđĝüŭúĝåĄĘĥĎèĂĘĎĠúâēĄċĘĥĎċēĄøĖĥëĈ
ť ăĠČŦĂúęĊăũõĪēĄèëĖĈĕöĎăĚťĄĈ
ť
ĂâĒúĞĆđúĪēåĈēĂĝéĄĕîâŦēĈČúŦēĂēċĚťċĒèåĂ
éēâāēÿăúöĄũĝĄĘĎ
ĥ è
øĖĥĝĄēúĪēĂēĈĕĝåĄēđČũ öēĂČĒĈĝĄĘĎ
ĥ èúĖĦåĘĎ

Perfume
âēĄÿĚõċúøúēãĎèöĒĈĆđåĄ

øĖĥĂĖâēĄĠëŦåĪēĉĒ ÿøũ øĖĥĂĖåĈēĂĞüĆâĞăâġüéēâĝõĕĂ
øĪēĠČŦýŦĀ
Ě ūèĝâĕõåĈēĂèè
ĞöťâŦĎÿĎøĖĥéđĝõēåĈēĂČĂēăøĖĥĞøŦéĄĕèġõŦ

ġĂťĝãŦēĠé
öĒĈĎăťēèøĖĥăâĂēÿĚõúĒĦúåĘĎ

ĠúêēâøĖĥâēĄøĖĥëē
ť èøĪēúĦĪēČĎĂĎùĕûēăãĒĦúöĎúâēĄøĪēúĦĪēČĎĂĠČŦÿĄđĝ
Ďâ

öĎúøĖĥ 1.3 ĝéŦēãĎèāēĊē âēĄĠëŦāēĊē ĞĆđâēĄĉėâĊēāēĊē
Ń âēĄĠëŦāēĊē
éēâČĒĈĝĄĘĥĎèúĖĦĠúĝĎâċēĄüĄđâĎûâēĄĝĄĖăúøĪēĠČŦĝĄēġõŦĄŦĈ
Ě ē
ť
âēĄøĖĝĥ ĄēĠëŦāēĊēĠúĞöťĆđĈĒúČúėĥèģ÷ŦēéđÿĕéēĄôēõĚĈē
ť ĝĄēĠëŦāēĊēĠú
âĕé⥥ĂĎđġĄûŦēè

ČĄĘĎõŦĈăĈĒ ö÷ęüĄđċèåũĎĒúĠõĞĆŦĈ

âĤĎēéĞûťèĎĎâġõŦĝüŭú 3 ČĒĈãŦĎĠČîťģ õĒèúĖĦ
1. âēĄĠëŦāēĊēĝÿĘĥĎĠČŦåĈēĂĄĚŦ ĝúĘĦĎČēċēĄđ
āēĊēøĖĥĠëŦĠúâēĄúĖĦéđĎăĚťĠúĄĚüãĎèâēĄãĎČĄĘĎâēĄĠČŦãŦĎĂĚĆ
âēĄĄēăèēú

ČĄĘĎâēĄĝċúĎãŦĎĝøĤééĄĕè

âēĄĎĎâåĈēĂĝČĤúĝâĖĥăĈâĒ ûċĄĄÿċĕĥèöťēèģ
ĄĈĂøĒĦèâēĄöĎûĄĒûČĄĘĎâēĄüðĕĝċùãŦĎĝøĤééĄĕèĝČĆťēúĒĦú
2.
âēĄĠëŦāēĊēĝÿĘĥĎĞċõèĎĎâČĄĘĎâťĎĠČŦ ĝâĕõåĈēĂĄĚŦċėâĞĆđĎēĄĂôũ
ĠúûēèåĄĒĦèāēĊēøĖĥĝĄēĠëŦúĒĦúĎēéĀūèõĚġĂťĂĖĝúĘĦĎČēċēĄđ
Ğöť÷ŦĎăåĪēøĖĥĝüĆťèĎĎâĂēúĒĦúûĎâĠČŦýŦĀ
Ě ūèĄĚŦ÷ėèåĈēĂĄĚŦċėâČĄĘĎĎēĄĂôũã
ĎèýĚŦĠëŦ

ĝëťú

ĝĂĘĥĎĝċĖ ăĠéČĄĘĎýĕõČĈĒè

åúġøăĎēéâĆťēĈĈťē

ľğùť

ġĂťúē
ť ĝĆăĿ åúĎĒ èâąĊČĄĘĎåúĎĝĂĄĕâĒúúĒĦúĎēéÿĚõĈťē ľThatļs too
ba Ŀ

ČĄĘĎĝĂĘĥĎõĖĠéČĄĘĎĝċĖ ăĠéåúġøăĎēééđĄŦĎèĈťē ľõĖéĄĕèĿ

ľĈĕĝĉĊéĄĕèĿ åúĎĝĂĄĕâĒúĎēéÿĚõĈťē ľWo8!Ŀ ČĄĘĎ ľOh, bo
!Ŀ

ČĄĘĎ

3. âēĄĠëŦāēĊēĝÿĘĥĎâēĄüðĕûĒöĕèēú
âēĄĠëŦāēĊēĠúĆĒ âĊôđúĖĦâĤ
åĘĎâēĄĎĎâåĪēċĒ ĥèČĄĘĎãĎĄŦĎèĠČŦûęååĆČĄĘĎâĆęťĂûęååĆøĪēċĕĥèĠõċĕĥèČúėĥè
ČĄĘĎèõâēĄâĄđøĪēûēèĎăťēè

ĠúõŦēúğåĄèċĄŦēèČĄĘĎĄĚüüĄđğăå

ċťĈúĂēâĂĒ âéđĞûťèĎĎâĝüŭú 4 üĄđĝāø åĘĎ ûĎâĝĆťē åĪē÷ēĂ åĪēċĒ ĥè
ĞĆđĎęøēú

üĄđğăåûĎâĝĆťēĞĆđåĪē÷ēĂ

ĎēéĝüŭúĄĚüøĖĠĥ ëŦĠúâēĄĞċõèåĈēĂåĕõĝČĤú

ĞċĈèČēãŦĎĝøĤééĄĕè

ĞĆđĠČŦãŦĎåĕõČĄĘĎĝúĘĦĎČēċēĄđ
åĪēċĒ ĥèĝüŭúĄĚüøĖĥĠëŦĠúâēĄûĒ îëēâēĄüðĕûĒöĕèēú
ĞĆđĎęøēúĝüŭúĄĚüãĎèâēĄâēĄĞċõèĎĎâìėĥèĎēĄĂôũ
éēâāēÿăúöĄũĝĄĘĎ
ĥ è

Perfume

éđĝČĤúġõŦĈē
ť

âēĄĠëŦāēĊēøĖĥĂĖĈĒö÷ęüĄđċèåũ ĠČîťģøĖĥĞûťèĎĎâĂēġõŦ

éđĝČĤúġõŦĈē
ť

âēĄĠëŦāēĊēøĖĥĂĖĈĒö÷ęüĄđċèåũĠČîťģøĖĥĞûťèĎĎâĂēġõŦ

3 ãĒĦúöĎúúĒĦú

ĝĄēċēĂēĄ÷ÿûĝČĤúġõŦéēâāēÿăúöĄũĝĄĘĎ
ĥ èúĖĦ
ġĂťĈē
ť éđĝüŭúĠúêēâøĖĥĂĖâēĄûĄĄăēăĝâĖĥăĈâĒ ûöĒĈÿĄđĝĎâ
ČĄĘĎêēâøĖĥÿĄđĝĎâ

õĒèöĒ ĈĎăťēèûøċúøúēøĖĥăâĂēĝüŭúöĒ ĈĎăťēèĎùĕûēăĠČŦĝČĤúāēÿëĒ õĝéú
ĂēâãėĦú õĒèúĖĦ

Y

I'm from Grimal's tanner
.

Y

I've brought the goats ins
ou or ere .

Y

Follo8 me.

Y

This 8a
.

Y

There. Leave them there.

Y

Tell
our master the s ins are fine.

Y

I'll come b
the next fe8 a
s an pa
for them.

Y

Zes, monsieur.

Y

Zou 8ant to ma e this leather smell goo , on't

ou?

öĎúøĖĥ 1.4 åĈēĂČĆēâČĆēăĠúāēĊē
Ń ĝÿĉĞĆđĈĒ ăøĖĥĞöâöťēèâĒú
éēâČĒĈĝĄĘĥĎèúĖĦĠúĝĎâċēĄüĄđâĎûâēĄĝĄĖăúøĪēĠČŦĝĄēġõŦĄŦĈ
Ě ē
ť
āēĊēøĖĥĠëŦĂĒâéđĂĖĆĒâĊôđĞöâöťēèâĒúġüöēĂĝÿĉĞĆđĈĒ ăĎăťēèëĒ õĝéú
ĝëťú

ĝõĤâéđĠëŦ

ČúĚ

ČĄĘĎëĘĥĎĝĆťúĞøúöĒ ĈĝĎèĝĂĘĥĎÿĚõâĒ ûýĚŦĠČîť

åĪēĞøúöĒ ĈĝĎèéđĞöâöťēèġüöēĂĝÿĉ

ýĚŦČîĕèéđĠëŦ

õĕêĒú

ĞĆđýĚŦëēăéđĠëŦ ýĂ ČĄĘĎ âĄđýĂ âēĄøĖĝĥ õĤâĝüĆĖĥăúåĪēĞøúöĒĈĝĎèĝüŭú
ýĂ

ČĄĘĎ

õĕêĒú

ĞċõèĈťēĝĄĕĂ
ĥ üĄđâēĉĈťēöĒ ĈĝĎèĝĄĕĥĂĝüŭúýĚŦĠČîťĞĆŦĈ

úĎâéēâúĖĦ÷ŦĎăåĪēċĪēúĈúĞĆđğåĄèċĄŦēèøĖĠĥ ëŦăĒèûťèûĎâĈĒ ăĞĆđĝÿĉãĎ
èýĚŦýŦÿ
Ě õ
Ě õŦĈă

ĝõĤâģéđĠëŦåĪēèťēăģ

ğåĄèċĄŦēèġĂťìĒûìŦĎú

ýĚŦČîĕèĂĒ âĠëŦåĪēĎęøēúĞĆđċĄŦĎăåĪēĂēââĈťēýĚŦëēă
ġĂťéĄĕħèġĂťéĄĕè

ĝëťú

öēăĞĆŦĈ

ĠúāēÿăúöĄũĝĄĘĎ
ĥ è
PerfumeúĒĦúâĤĂĖâēĄĠëŦāēĊēøĖĥĞöâöťēèâĒ úöēĂČĒ ĈĝĄĘĥĎèúĖĦõŦĈăĝëťúâĒ ú
ĝúĘĎ
ĥ èéēâĂĖêēâøĖĥÿĄđĝĎâĝãŦēċ÷ēúĝĆĖă
Ħ èĝõĤââĪēÿĄŦē
Ń ĈèèēúĞĆđċ÷ēúâēĄôũ
éēâČĒĈĝĄĘĥĎèúĖĦĠúĝĎâċēĄüĄđâĎûâēĄĝĄĖăú
øĪēĠČŦĝĄēġõŦĄŦĈ
Ě ē
ť āēĊēĠúĈèèēúČúėĥèĂĒ âéđâťĎĠČŦĝâĕõåĈēĂêèúċúĝøťČũ
ĞâťåúøĖĥĎăĚťúĎâĈèèēúúĒĦú
øĒ èúĖĦĝÿĄēđĞöťĆđĈèèēúČĄĘĎċēãēâēĄèēúéđĉĒ ÿøũ ċĪēúĈúĝêÿēđûęåå
ĆāēăúĎâéđġĂťĝãŦēĠéČĄĘĎĝãŦēĠéýĕõ
āēĊēøĖĥĠëŦâĒûĝÿĘĥĎúċúĕøăťĎĂĞöâöťēèġüéēâāēĊēøĖĥĠëŦâĒûåúĞ
üĆâČúŦēČĄĘĎåúøĖĄ
ĥ Ŧé
Ě Ē âĎăťēèýĕĈĝýĕú
âĒ ûĝÿĘĥĎúċúĕøýĚŦÿĚõĎēéĠëŦāēĊēøĖĥĝüŭ úâĒúĝĎè

ĠëŦĉĒÿøũĞċĆè

÷ŦĎăåĪēČĄĘĎċĪēúĈúøĖĄ
ĥ Ŧâ
Ě ĒúĝêÿēđĝÿĘĥĎúþĚèâĆęťĂĝõĖăĈâĒ ú
ûęååĆĎĘĥúøĖĥġĂťĎăĚťĠúâĆęťĂéđġĂťĝãŦēĠéĞĆđĂĖåĈēĂĄĚŦċėâĈťēĎăĚťúĎâĈè
ĞöťâĒûûęååĆøĖĥġĂťĄŦĄ
Ě Ŧé
Ě ĒâõĖČĄĘĎåúĞüĆâČúŦē
āēĊēøĖĥĠëŦéđĝüŭúāēĊēċęāēÿăâăťĎèåĚťċúøúē
éēâāēÿăúöĄũĝĄĘĎ
ĥ è

Perfume

úĒĦúéđĝČĤúĈťē

ÿĄđĝĎâĝüŭúëťēèøĪēúĦĪēČĎĂøĪēĠČŦöŦĎèÿĚõéēġÿĝĄēđĝÿĘĥĎûĄĕâēĄĆĚâåŦē
öĎúøĖĥ 14.1 åĈēĂČĆēâČĆēăãĎèāēĊēĎĒ èâąĊ
Ń åĈēĂČĆēâČĆēăöēĂĄđõĒ ûâēĄĉėâĊēĞĆđñēúđøēèċĒ èåĂ
åĈēĂČĆēâČĆēăöēĂĄđõĒ ûâēĄĉėâĊēĞĆđñēúđøēèċĒ èåĂ
éđċĒ èĝâöĝČĤúġõŦëĒõéēââēĄĠëŦāēĊēãĎèûęååĆâĆęťĂöťēèģĠúċĒ èåĂ

ĝÿĄēđČĂĚťëúøĖĥÿĚõāēĊēĝõĖăĈâĒ úČĄĘĎÿĚõ

Dialects

ĝõĖăĈâĒú

âēĄĠëŦāēĊēéđĞöâöťēèâĒúĄđČĈťēèåúøĖĥĂĖâēĄĉėâĊēõĖ
âĒ ûåúøĖĥõŦĎăâēĄĉėâĊē öĒĈĎăťēèøĖĥÿûġõŦĠúāēĊēĎĒèâąĊåĘĎ 
JJ

MJJ

1. I onļt 8ant coffee.

1. I onļt 8ant

no coffee
2. Iļm not afrai of an
thing.

2. I ainļt got

none.
3. I havenļt an
.

3. I ainļt got none.

4. Iļm not going.

4. I ainļt going.

éēâāēÿăúöĄũĝĄĘĎ
ĥ è

Perfume

ĝĄēâĤġõŦúĪēČĒ ĈĝĄĘĎ
ĥ èúĖĦĂēĈĕĝåĄēđČũõŦĈăĝëťúâĒú
øĒĈ
ĥ ġüĞĆŦĈĠúċĒ èåĂøĒ ĥĈġüāēĊēĎēéĂĖ
âēĄĞûťèĎĎâĝüŭ úāēĊēøĖĥĝüŭúøēèâēĄĞĆđġĂťĝüŭúøēèâēĄ
Language

an

Informal

(Formal

language)

ìėĥèĎēéĞûťèġõŦČĆēâČĆēăöēĂĄđõĒ ûâēĄĉėâĊēĞĆđñēúđøēèċĒ èåĂ
ĎăťēèĝëťúĠúāēÿăúöĄũ

ô

ĂĖâēĄċúøúēĄđČĈťēèúĒ âùęĄ âĕéâĒ û
åĘĎĂĎĆĆĖĥâĪēĆĒ èÿĚõğøĄĉĒ ÿøũûúĝåĄĘĥĎèìėĥèġĂťĎúęîēöĠČŦøĪē
ĞöťĝÿĘĥĎúãĎèĂĎĆĆĖĥõĒúÿĚõĞûûČăēûåēăĂē
øĪēĠČŦúĒâùęĄ âĕéåúúĖĦġĂťÿĎĠéĎăťēèĂēâ
ĞöťĂĎĆĆĖĥâĤġõŦĈēèČĚġüĝÿĘĥĎĝüŭúâēĄöĒ õãēõâēĄøđĝĆēđâĒú

ûúĝåĄĘĥĎè
ĂĎĆĆĖĥ

ċēĂēĄ÷ċĘĥĎċēĄāēĊēúĖĦġõŦøĒĦè

2

ĄđõĒ û

öĒĈĎăťēèĠúûøċúøúēøĖĥĝČĤúġõŦĞâť
Excuse me. Zou're not suppose to be on
our phone.
- It's ba for the plane.
- Oh, I'm sorr
. Are
ou a plane octor?
No? So shut the fuc up.
Tell
ou 8hat, I'll just leave it at Lost an Foun for
ou.
Ho8 'bout that?
Woul

ou hol

on to it for me? I'm coming bac

tomorro8.
öĎúøĖĥ

14.2

åĈēĂĞöâöťēèĄđČĈťēèāēĊēĎĒ èâąĊĞûûĎĒèâąĊĞûûĎĝĂĄĕâĒú
éēâČĒĈĝĄĘĥĎèĠČîťĠúĝĎâċēĄüĄđâĎûâēĄĝĄĖăúĠúČĒĈãŦĎéđĝüŭ úâ
ēĄĝüĄĖăûĝøĖăû÷ėèåĈēĂĞöâöťēèãĎèāēĊēĎĒ èâąĊøĒĦè

2 Ğûû åĘĎ

āēĊēĎĒ èâąĊĞûûĎĒ èâąĊ ĞĆđ āēĊēĎĒ èâąĊĞûûĎĝĂĄĕâĒú
ĞöťĠúāēÿăúöĄũĝĄĘĎ
ĥ è

Sheļs

out

of

m

league

ĝüŭúâēĄĠëŦāēĊēĞûûĎĒèâąĊĞûûĎĝĂĄĕâĒú
ğõăéēâûøċúøúēúĒĦúâĤĝüŭúâēĄċúøúēċĘĥĎċēĄâĒúĞûûĎĝĂĄĕâĒúéėèġ
ĂťĂĖâēĄĝüĄĖăûĝøĖ ăûâĒ ú
öĎúøĖĥ 14.3 āēĊēĎĒ èâąĊĠúñēúđāēĊēċēâĆ

Ń āēĊēĞĆđĈĒóúùĄĄĂ
éēâČĒĈĝĄĘĥĎèúĖĦĠúĝĎâċēĄüĄđâĎûâēĄĝĄĖăú
øĪēĠČŦĝĄēĄĚŦĈē
ť āēĊēéđĞăâéēâĈĒóúùĄĄĂġĂťġõŦ
ĝÿĄēđāēĊēĝüŭúċťĈúČúėĥèãĎèĈĒóúùĄĄĂãĎèëúĞöťĆđâĆęťĂ
ĞĆđĝüŭúĈĕùĖČĆĒ âøĖĥåúĠúâĆęťĂúĒĦúĠëŦċĘĥĎåĈēĂČĂēă
õĒèúĒĦúāēĊēéėèĝüŭúĎèåũüĄđâĎûČúėĥèãĎèĈĒóúùĄĄĂ
ĞĆđĝüŭúĝåĄĘĎãťēăâĆēèìėĥèĠëŦĄĈûĄĈĂĎèåũüĄđâĎûĎĘú
ĥ ģãĎèċĒ èåĂõŦĈă
âĒúĎĖâõŦĈă
1. āēĊēĝüŭúċĕĥèøĖĥåĈûåĚĈ
ť Ē óúùĄĄĂ
ĠúâēĄċĘĥĎĈĒóúùĄĄĂãĎèċĒ èåĂ
āēĊēéđâĪēČúõĠČŦĂĖåĪēĞĆđĈĆĖĝêÿēđöťĎåĈēĂČĂēăøĖĥĠëŦâĒúûťĎăøĖĥċę
õĠúĈĒóúùĄĄĂúĒĦúģĎăťēèåĄû÷ŦĈúøę âåĈēĂČĂēă

Ďăťēèĝëťú

ĝúĘĎ
ĥ èéēâČĕĂđĂĖåĈēĂċĪēåĒ îöťĎëĖĈĕöëēĈĝĎċâĕğĂ
éėèöŦĎèĂĖâēĄĞăâĞăđåĪēĈťēČĕĂđ
ĎĎâğõăĆđĝĎĖăõöēĂåĈēĂČĂēăøēèĈĒóúùĄĄĂãĎèČĕĂđĠúëĖĈĕöãĎèë
ēĈĝĎċâĕğĂ
øĪēĠČŦĝĎċâĕğĂĂĖåĪēøĖĥČĂēă÷ėèČĕĂđëúĕõöťēèģĂēââĈťēĠúāēĊēĎĒ èâąĊ
2. āēĊēĝüŭúĝåĄĘĥĎèĝëĘĥĎĂĈĒóúùĄĄĂĠúċĒèåĂ
âēĄĠëŦāēĊēĝõĖăĈâĒúĝüŭúċĒ îĆĒ âĊôũ øĖĥċĪēåĒîãĎèâēĄĝüŭúëúâĆęť
ĂĝõĖăĈâĒ ú

āēĊēĎēéĝüŭúéęõĉĚúăũâĆēèøĖĥøĪēĠČŦĝâĕõâēĄăėõĂĒú
ĥ ĄęúĞĄè

ĠúċĒèåĂìėĥè÷ĚââēĄăėõåĄĎèČĄĘĎ÷ĚâüâåĄĎèğõăëúĝýťēĎĘú
ĥ ČĄĘĎĂĖāēĊ
ēČĆēăāēĊēĝúĘĥĎèéēââēĄĄĈĂöĒĈâĒúãĎèåúČĆēăĝýťēÿĒúùęũ

éđĂĖâēĄĠëŦ

āēĊēĂēöĄñēú

ĝÿĘĥĎĝüŭúċđÿēúġüċĚťâēĄĄĈĂĝãŦēâĒ ûâĆęťĂČĆĒ âČĄĘĎĈĒóúùĄĄĂČĆĒâ
3. ÿąöĕ⥥ĂøēèāēĊēöŦĎèċĎõåĆŦĎèâĒ ûĈĒóúùĄĄĂ
ĠúüūééęûĒúâēĄċĎúāēĊēĎĒèâąĊĝüŭúāēĊēöťēèüĄđĝøĉ
ČĄĘĎāēĊēøĖĥċĎèĂĖâēĄĠČŦåĈēĂċĪēåĒ îöťĎÿąöĕ⥥ĂøĖĥĝČĂēđċĂ
ċĎõåĆŦĎèâĒ ûĈĒ óúùĄĄĂãĎèāēĊēøĖĥĠëŦâĒúĂēâãėĦú
âĕé⥥ĂĠúâēĄĝĄĖăúâēĄċĎúāēĊēĎĒ èâąĊéėèöŦĎèĄĈĂĝĎēâĕé⥥ĂøĖĠĥ
ČŦãŦĎĂĚĆĝâĖĥăĈâĒ ûÿąöĕ⥥ĂøĖĥĝČĂēđċĂøēèĈĒ óúùĄĄĂãĎèýĚŦÿĚõāēĊē
ĎĒ èâąĊ
ĞĆđâĕé⥥ĂøĖĥĂęťèĠČŦýŦĝĚ ĄĖăúġõŦìėĂìĒ ûĝĎēĈĒóúùĄĄĂãĎèāēĊēĎĒ èâąĊ
éú÷ėèãĒĦúÿĒóúēøēèĈĒóúùĄĄĂĎĒ èâąĊġõŦĎăťēèöťĎĝúĘĥĎèĝČĂĘĎúâĒ ûĝüŭ
úĝéŦēãĎèĈĒóúùĄĄĂĝĎèõŦĈă

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