Artigo Cargo Abril 2011 White Paper and the new Port of Jade-Weser, Germany

White Paper

The European Commission recently introduced the new White Paper for Transport of the European Union, which he called "Roadmap to the Single European transport - towards a competitive transport system and economic resources."

As for maritime transport and ports are concerned, the main novelty is the goal of creating a "waist" Blue Sea, around Europe and neighboring countries where the benefits from the maritime transport facilitation procedures for intra service -European and neighboring countries. However, nothing is said about how this objective should be pursued, it seems very important, but finding opponents in different customs and public port authorities in Europe.

On the other hand, provides for an increased number of ports and their efficiency and linkages with information systems and the transport network so that more traffic to reach any point in the territory without having to use land transport. However, recent documents of RTE (the European Transport Networks), which define the ports to be supported financially by the European Union on its investment effort, only cover the major European ports, leaving aside the small ports, such as the Portuguese.

In the White Paper assumes a logic of corridors and rail link to all ports, with the simplification of rail freight traffic in Europe, to be a success similar to what happens in the U.S.. But nobody knows how they will be resolved the differences between national rail systems in the European Union. An important objective statement is the reduction by 2030 of 30% and 50% by 2050, road traffic beyond 300 km, with transfer to sea, river and rail, highway allowing for the role only at the tips of the end transport. This is a recurring target, now quantified, it lacks concrete measures to be carried out, nothing being reported on, for example, ecobono, which encourage road hauliers to use the short-sea.

It is true that the Commission's White Paper very strong commitment towards environment and changing the energy sources used in all modes of transport, suggesting, in the case of shipping, 40% reduction of CO2 emissions in the European Union bunkers of vessels for 2050. Still bet on the security of ports and ships, cargo and passengers, strengthening the rights of transport users and ports.

There is strong emphasis in the White Paper on the application of the principles of user pays and polluter-pays principle, avoiding subsidies and supports that distort competition and looking for everyone to pay the costs of negative environmental externalities in the way it uses. Concrete measures are also missing.

The liberalization of access to port services and control of port financing by the states, so as not to distort competition, is slightly above. There is also a commitment to quality, accessibility and reliability of transport services, as well as intermodal integration, and touched the theme of the Motorways of the Sea, which recently ceased to be supported by the European Union, for the sake of not distorting competition.

Basically, this is more of a green book of intentions, which are not specified very concrete actions to be achieved some objectives, which are almost poetic.

New Port Jade-Weser

Germany is building a big new container port in the Jade-Weser, Wilhelmshaven, Lower Saxony, which is considered the project of the century and which are expected important economic and social benefits, including job creation and income multiplier effects state and local tax.

The works commenced in March 2008 with the new port to open in August 2012. It will have 18 meters of funds and can accommodate ships up to 16.5 m, preparing to be the door and Northern European Russia, with rail connections across Europe.

The port authority, the JadeWeserPort Realisierungs GmbH & Co. KG, the state of Lower Saxony owns 50.1% and 49.9% state of Bremen (through bremenports GmbH & Co. KG).

The port also appointed by JadeWeserPort is a great complement to existing ports in Germany and is based on the premise that a nation depends on its leading commercial seaports efficient and competitive. Additionally, this port is of European interest within the context of EU enlargement to the east and the intensification of trade relations with Russia.

The total investment volume of infrastructure and superstructure is 950 million, comparable to the construction of modern ports of Bremerhaven and Wilhelmshaven in the nineteenth century.

The location was chosen with nautical simulations that confirmed to be suitable for large container ships up to 430 meters long and 16.50 meters in width. The pier will be 1.725 km and will put 16 container gantry cranes, which are essential to meet the expected growth in container market in the coming years.

After its completion, will be the JadeWeserPort deepwater port in the range easternmost northern Europe (between Le Havre and Hamburg). Its capacity is about 2.7 million TEU, with about two thirds of containers in transit by sea and land distribution to the European continent and ports in Scandinavia, Baltic and Russia. The project is an important part of the transEuropean motorways of the sea.

At the terminal area, covering 130 hectares of embankment, will join a 160-hectare logistics area with land required for the installation of industrial and port logistics. The areas of interface for the integration of transport modes road and rail, as well as for the construction of banks of flood protection will be about 70 ha. It is also planned a city-port logistics services nearby with more than 400 hectares.

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