Gender, Poverty and Environmental

Indicators on African Countries

e

Fea t u re Ar ti
l
a
cle
ci
on

Promoting Gender Equality and Women's
Empowerment in Africa: The African
Development Bank's Perspective

Ar

r

la promotion de l'égalité entre les femmes
et les hommes et le renforcement de
l'autonomie des femmes en Afrique : les
perspectives de la Banque africaine de
développement

le

t

ic

su

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators
Indicateurs sur le genre, la pauvreté et l’environnement

Chief Economist Complex - Complexe de l’économiste en chef

2010

Sp

2010

© ADB/BAD, 2010
Statistics Department -Département de la statistique

Indicateurs sur le genre, la pauvreté
et l’environnement sur les pays africains

Temporary Relocation Agency (TRA)
Agence Temporaire de Relocalisation (ATR)
13 Avenue du Ghana
BP 323, 1002 Tunis Belvédère
Tunis, Tunisia / Tunisie
Tel : (216) 71 103 325
Fax : (216) 71 103 743
Email : Statistics@afdb.org - Internet : http://www.afdb.org/statistics

d'in

térêt s

ia
c
é
p

African Development Bank · Banque africaine de développement

l

ADB REGIONAL MEMBER COUNTRIES BY
GROSS NATIONAL INCOME PER CAPITA

PAYS MEMBRES REGIONAUX DE LA BAD SELON
LE REVENU NATIONAL BRUT PAR HABITANT

A) Low Income; $785 or less

A) Faible revenu; (moins de 785$)

Benin

Gambia

Mozambique

Bénin

Guinée

Ouganda

Burkina Faso

Ghana

Niger

Burkina Faso

Guinée-Bissau

Rép. Centrafricaine

Burundi

Guinea

Rwanda

Burundi

Kenya

Rwanda

Central African Rep.

Guinea Bissau

Sierra Leone

Comores

Libéria

Sierra Leone

Chad

Kenya

Somalia

Congo, Rép. Dém.

Madagascar

Somalie

Comoros

Liberia

Tanzania

Erythrée

Malawi

Tanzanie

Congo Democratic Rep.

Madagascar

Togo

Ethiopie

Mali

Tchad

Eritrea

Malawi

Uganda

Gambie

Mozambique

Togo

Ethiopia

Mali

Zimbabwe

Ghana

Niger

Zimbabwe

B) Lower Middle Income; $786-$3,115

B) Revenu intermédiaire, tranche inférieure (Entre 786$ et 3 115$)

Cameroon

Lesotho

Senegal

Cameroun

Lesotho

Sénégal

Congo

Mauritania

Sudan

Congo

Maroc

Soudan

Cote d’Ivoire

Morocco

Swaziland

Côte d’Ivoire

Mauritanie

Swaziland

Djibouti

Nigeria

Zambia

Djibouti

Nigéria

Zambie

Egypt

Sao Tome and Principe

Egypte

Sao Tomé et Princ.

C) Upper Middle Income; $3,116-$9,636

C) Revenu intermédiaire, tranche supérieure; (Entre 3 116$ et 9 636$)

Algeria

Equatorial Guinea

Namibia

Angola

Gabon

Seychelles

Botswana

Libya

South Africa

Cape Verde

Mauritius

Tunisia

Afrique du Sud

Cap Vert

Maurice

Algérie

Guinée Equatoriale

Namibie

Angola

Gabon

Seychelles

Botswana

Libye

Tunisie

Gender, Poverty and
Environmental Indicators on
African Countries

Indicateurs sur le genre,
la pauvreté et l'environnement
sur les pays africains

2010

African Development Bank
Banque africaine de développement

A

FR

PE

DS

ME

FON

NT

AF
R

BANQ
UE

ND
FU

A

L
DEVE OPMEN
T
AN
IC

DE DE
VE
L

ENT
EM
PP
O

INE
ICA
FR

Gender, Poverty and
Environmental Indicators
on African Countries

IC A

IN D E D E V E

LO

P

Indicateurs sur le genre,
la pauvreté et l'environnement
sur les pays africains

2010
Volume XI

Economic and Social Statistics Division

Division des statistiques économiques et sociales

Statistics Department

Département de la statistique

This document was prepared by the Economic and Social Statistics Division of the Statistics
Department at the African Development Bank. Designations employed in this publication do not
imply the expression of any opinion on the part of the African Development Bank concerning
the legal status of any country or territory, or the delimitation of its frontiers. While every effort
has been made to present reliable information, the African Development Bank accepts no
responsibility whatsoever for any consequences of its use.
Published by the:
Economic and Social Statistics Division
Statistics Department
African Development Bank
Temporary Relocation Agency (TRA)
BP 323, 1002 Tunis, Belvédère
Tunis, Tunisia
Tel.: (216) 71 10 33 25
Fax: (216) 71 10 37 43
Design/layout by Phoenix Design Aid,
Printing by Scanprint, Denmark
ISO 14001 certified and EMAS-approved.

Ce document a été préparé par la Division des statistiques economiques et sociales du
Département de la statistique de la Banque africaine de développement. Les dénominations
employées dans cette publication n’impliquent, de la part de la Banque africaine de
développement, aucune prise de position quant au statut juridique ou au tracé des frontières des
pays. Après tant d’efforts réalisés pour présenter des informations aussi fiables que possible, la
Banque africaine de développement se dégage de toute responsabilité de l’utilisation qui pourra
être faite de ces données.

Publié par:
Division des statistiques éconiomiques et sociales
Département de la Statistique
Banque africaine de développement
Agence Temporaire de Relocalisation (ATR)
BP 323, 1002 Tunis, Belvédère
Tunis, Tunisie
Tél.: (216) 71 10 33 25
Fax: (216) 71 10 37 43
Design et mise en page : Phoenix Design Aid,
Impression : Scanprint, Denmark
Certifié ISO 14001 et approuvé par EMAS.

E-mail: statistics@afdb.org
Web site: http://www.afdb.org/statistics
Copyright © 2010 African Development Bank
ISSN 1563-437X

iv

Preface

This is the eleventh volume of Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators on African Countries published by the Statistics Department of the African Development Bank Group. The publication
also provides some information on the broad development trends relating to gender, poverty and
environmental issues in the 53 African countries.
Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators on African Countries 2010 is divided in three
main parts: Part One presents a special feature article on Promoting Gender Equality and Women’s
Empowerment in Africa: The African Development Bank’s Perspective; Part two focuses on Africa’s
progress towards attaining the Millennium Development Goals with three sections presenting comparative crosscountry data on Gender, Poverty and the Environment; and Part Three provides detailed
country-specific data for each of the 53 countries.

C’est le onzième volume de Indicateurs sur le genre, la pauvreté et l’environnement sur
les pays africains publié par le Département de la Statistique du Groupe de la Banque africaine de
développement. La publication fournit aussi des informations de façon générale sur les tendances de
développement touchant aux problématiques sur le genre, la pauvreté et l’environnement dans les
53 pays africains.
Indicateurs sur le genre, la pauvreté et l’environnement sur les pays africains 2010 comprend
trois principales parties dont la première présente l’article spécial sur la promotion de l’égalité entre les
femmes et les hommes et le renforcement de l’autonomie des femmes en Afrique : Les perspectives de
la Banque africaine de développement ; la deuxième partie focalise l’attention sur les progrès des pays
africains vers la réalisation des objectifs du millénaire pour le développement et comprend trois sections
présentant des données comparatives croisées par pays sur le genre, la pauvreté et l’environnement;
la troisième partie présente des données spécifiques détaillées pour chacun des 53 pays.

PRODUCTION TEAM
EQUIPE DE PRODUCTION
The Staff Team
The staff team was led by Beejaye Kokil and
comprised Maurice Mubila, A. Hilaire Kadisha
Mbiya and Yahyaoui Saad.
The publication was prepared under the general
Direction of Charles Leyeka Lufumpa

Equipe de Production
L’équipe dirigée par M. Beejaye Kokil comprenait
MM. Maurice Mubila, A. Hilaire Kadisha
Mbiya et Yahyaoui Saad.
La publication a été réalisée sous la
direction de M. Charles Leyeka Lufumpa

v

Table

of Contents

des matières

Preface...........................................................................................................................................................
Préface ..........................................................................................................................................................
Abbreviations and Acronyms.........................................................................................................................
Abréviations et Acronymes ...........................................................................................................................
Country Classification by Region/Grouping ....................................................................................................
Classification des pays par région/groupe .....................................................................................................

v
v
ix
ix
x
x

PARTIE I
PART I
SPECIAL ARTICLE : Promoting Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment in Africa:
The African Development Bank’s Perspective ................................................................................................
3
ARTICLE SPECIAL : Promotion de l’égalité entre les femmes et les hommes et le renforcement
de l’autonomie des femmes en Afrique : Les perspectives de la Banque africaine de développement ..........
9
PART II
COMPARATIVE CROSS-COUNTRY TABLES
THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS

PARTIE II
TABLEAUX COMPARATIFS CROISES PAR PAYS
LES OBJECTIFS DU MILLENNIUM POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT

Highlights: Progress Towards Realizing the Millennium Development Goals ..................................................
Faist Saillants : Progrès vers la réalisation des objectifs du millennium pour le développement ....................
1.
Eradication of Extreme Poverty and Hunger
Eradiquer la pauvreté extrême et la faim ............................................................................
2.
Expand Primary Education
Etendre l’éducation primaire ..............................................................................................
3.
Improve Gender Equality in Education
Améliorer l’égalité de genre dans l’éducation ....................................................................
4.
Lower Mortality Rates
Baisser les taux de mortalité ..............................................................................................
5.
Enhance Reproductive Health
Rehausser la santé de la reproduction ...............................................................................
6.
Environmental Protection
Protection de l’environnement ...........................................................................................
Section 1. GENDER – GENRE
1.1
Mid-Year Population Estimates
Population estimée en milieu année ...................................................................................
1.2
Fertility Rates
Taux de fécondité ...............................................................................................................
1.3
Reproductive Health
Santé de la reproduction ....................................................................................................
1.4
Contraceptive Use by Method
Usage des contraceptifs par méthode ...............................................................................
1.5
Contraception Use by Age Group
Usages des contraceptifs par groupe d’âges .....................................................................
1.6
Life Expectancy
Espérance de vie ................................................................................................................
1.7
Infant Mortality Rates
Taux de mortalité infantile ..................................................................................................

vi

21
23
25
26
27
28
29
30

32
33
34
35
36
37
38

1.8
1.9
1.10
1.11
1.12
1.13

Access to Schooling
Accès au système scolaire..................................................................................................
Internal Efficiency and Illiteracy
Efficacité interne et analphabétisme ..................................................................................
School Enrolment Ratios
Taux bruts de scolarisation .................................................................................................
Teaching Staff
Personnel enseignant .........................................................................................................
Participation of Women
Participation des femmes ...................................................................................................
Gender Empowerment
Indicateurs Sexospécifiques ...............................................................................................

Section 2. POVERTY - PAUVRETE
2.1
Human Development Index
Indice de développement humain ......................................................................................
2.2
Population in Poverty
Population en pauvreté ......................................................................................................
2.3
Income Distribution
Répartition du revenu .........................................................................................................
2.4
Nutrition Status
Statut de la nutrition ...........................................................................................................
2.5
Health Status
Statut de la santé................................................................................................................
2.6
Access to Health Services
Accès aux services de santé ...............................................................................................
2.7
Mortality Trends
Tendance de la mortalité ....................................................................................................
2.8
Health Service Personnel
Personnel des services de santé.........................................................................................
Section 3. ENVIRONMENT - ENVIRONNEMENT
3.1
Urbanization Profile
Profil de l’urbanisation ........................................................................................................
3.2
Forest Cover and Structure
Etendue et structure des forêts ..........................................................................................
3.3
Vegetation Extent and Loss
Etendue et perte de la végétation ......................................................................................
3.4
Land Use
Superficies utilisées ............................................................................................................
3.5
Water Resources and Withdrawals
Ressources en eau et retraits .............................................................................................
3.6
Industrial Emissions
Emissions industrielles .......................................................................................................
3.7
Energy Use
Utilisation de l’énergie ........................................................................................................
3.8
Traditional Fuels Consumption
Consommation de combustibles classiques.......................................................................
3.9
Population and Forest Resources
Population et ressources en forêt.......................................................................................

39
40
41
42
43
44

46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53

56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64

vii

PART III
PARTIE III
COUNTRY TABLES
TABLEAUX PAR PAYS
1.
Algeria - Algérie .................................................................................................................. 66
2.
Angola ................................................................................................................................ 70
3.
Benin - Bénin....................................................................................................................... 74
4.
Botswana............................................................................................................................ 78
5.
Burkina Faso ....................................................................................................................... 82
6.
Burundi............................................................................................................................... 86
7.
Cameroon - Cameroun ....................................................................................................... 90
8.
Cape Verde - Cap Vert ........................................................................................................ 94
9.
Central African Rep. - Rép. Centrafricaine........................................................................... 98
10.
Chad - Tchad ....................................................................................................................... 102
11.
Comoros - Comores............................................................................................................ 106
12.
Congo ................................................................................................................................. 110
13.
Congo, Dem. Rep. - Congo, Rép. Dém ................................................................................ 114
14.
Côte d’Ivoire ....................................................................................................................... 118
15.
Djibouti ............................................................................................................................... 122
16.
Egypt - Egypte .................................................................................................................... 126
17.
Equatorial Guinea - Guinée Equatoriale ............................................................................... 130
18.
Eritrea - Erythrée ................................................................................................................ 134
19.
Ethiopia - Ethiopie ............................................................................................................... 138
20.
Gabon ................................................................................................................................. 142
21.
Gambia - Gambie ................................................................................................................ 146
22.
Ghana ................................................................................................................................. 150
23.
Guinea - Guinée .................................................................................................................. 154
24.
Guinea Bissau - Guinée Bissau ............................................................................................ 158
25.
Kenya.................................................................................................................................. 162
26.
Lesotho .............................................................................................................................. 166
27.
Liberia - Libéria ................................................................................................................... 170
28.
Libya - Libye ........................................................................................................................ 174
29.
Madagascar........................................................................................................................ 178
30.
Malawi ................................................................................................................................ 182
31.
Mali..................................................................................................................................... 186
32.
Mauritania - Mauritanie ...................................................................................................... 190
33.
Mauritius - Maurice ............................................................................................................. 194
34.
Morocco - Maroc ................................................................................................................ 198
35.
Mozambique ...................................................................................................................... 202
36.
Namibia - Namibie .............................................................................................................. 206
37.
Niger................................................................................................................................... 210
38.
Nigeria - Nigéria .................................................................................................................. 214
39.
Rwanda .............................................................................................................................. 218
40.
São Tome & Principe........................................................................................................... 222
41.
Senegal - Sénégal ............................................................................................................... 226
42.
Seychelles........................................................................................................................... 230
43.
Sierra Leone ....................................................................................................................... 234
44.
Somalia - Somalie ............................................................................................................... 238
45.
South Africa - Afrique du Sud ............................................................................................. 242
46.
Sudan - Soudan .................................................................................................................. 246
47.
Swaziland ........................................................................................................................... 250
48.
Tanzania - Tanzanie ............................................................................................................. 254
49.
Togo ................................................................................................................................... 258
50.
Tunisia - Tunisie ................................................................................................................... 262
51.
Uganda - Ouganda .............................................................................................................. 266
52.
Zambia - Zambie ................................................................................................................. 270
53.
Zimbabwe........................................................................................................................... 274

viii

Definitions of Statistical Terms .......................................................................................................................
Définition des termes statistiques..................................................................................................................
Data sources ..................................................................................................................................................
Sources des données.....................................................................................................................................
Index of indicators .........................................................................................................................................
Index des indicateurs .....................................................................................................................................

280
286
294
295
296
297

Abbreviations and Acronyms – Abréviations et acronymes
AFDB
AIDS
AMU
BAD
CEA
Cen-SAD
CEDEAO

African Development Bank
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
Arab Maghreb Union
Banque africaine de développement
Commision économique pour l’Afrique
The Community of Sahel-Saharan States
Communauté Economique Des Etats de
l’Afrique de l’Ouest
CEMAC
Communaute Economique et Monetaire de
l’Afrique Centrale
COMESA Common Market of Eastern and Southern
Africa
ECA
Economic Commission for Africa
ECOWAS Economic Community Of West African
States
FAO
Food and Agriculture Organization of the
United Nations
FNUAP
Fonds des Nations Unies pour la
population
OCDE/CAD Organisation de coopération et de
développement économiques/Comité
d’Assistance au Développement
OECD/DAC Organisation for Economic Co-operation
and Development/ Development
Assistance Committee
ODA
Official Development Assistance
ONUSIDA Programme commun des Nations unis sur
le VIH/SIDA
PMR
Pays membres régionaux de la BAD
RMCs
Regional Member Countries of the ADB

SADC
UDEAC
UEMOA
UMA
UNAIDS
UNFPA
UNICEF
UNESCO
WAEMU
WHO

Southern African Development Community
Union Douanière des Etats de l’Afrique
Centrale
Union économique et monétaire ouest
africaine
Union du Maghreb Arabe
The Joint United Nations Programme on
HIV/AIDS
United Nations Population Fund
United Nations Children’s Fund
United Nations Educational and Scientific
Organization
West African Economic & Monetary Union
World Health Organization

Units - Unités
m3
Cubic metre / mètre cube
DR
Données les plus récentes
ha
Hectare
2
Square Kilometre / Kilomètre carré
Km
Key Symbols - Principaux symboles

Data not available
Donnée non disponible
Magnitude zeros / Grandeur nulle
0 or 0.0
Magnitude less than half of the unit
Grandeur inférieure à la moitié de l’unité
n.a.
Not applicable / Non applicable

ix

Country Classification by Region/Grouping
Classification des pays par région/groupe

Central Africa - Afrique centrale
Cameroon - Cameroun
Cent. Afr. Rep. - Rép. Centraf.
Chad - Tchad
Congo
Congo, DRC - Congo, RDC
Equat. Guinea - Guinée équat.
Gabon
East Africa - Afrique de l’Est
Burundi
Comoros - Comores
Djibouti
Eritrea - Erythrée
Ethiopia - Ethiopie
Kenya
Rwanda
Seychelles
Somalia - Somalie
Sudan - Soudan
Tanzania - Tanzanie
Uganda - Ouganda
North Africa - Afrique du Nord
Algeria - Algérie
Egypt - Egypte
Libya - Libye
Mauritania - Mauritanie
Morocco - Maroc
Tunisia - Tunisie
Southern Africa - Afrique australe
Angola
Botswana
Lesotho
Madagascar
Malawi
Mauritius
Mozambique
Namibia - Namibie
South Africa - Afrique du Sud
Swaziland
Zambia - Zambie
Zimbabwe
West Africa - Afrique de l’Ouest
Benin - Bénin
Burkina Faso
Cape Verde - Cap Vert
Côte d’Ivoire
Gambia - Gambie
Ghana
Guinea - Guinée
Guinea Bissau - Guinée Bissau
Liberia - Libéria
Mali
Niger

x

Nigeria - Nigéria
São Tomé & Principe
Senegal - Sénégal
Sierra Leone
Togo
Amu - Uma
Algeria - Algérie
Libya - Libye
Mauritania – Mauritanie
Morocco - Maroc
Tunisia - Tunisie
Cen -SAD
Benin - Bénin
Burkina Faso
Cent. Afr. Rep - Rép. Centrafr.
Chad - Tchad
Comoros - Comores
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt - Égypte
Eritrea - Érythrée
Gambia - Gambie
Ghana
Guinea - Guinée
Guinea-Bissau - Guinée-Bissau
Kenya
Liberia - Libéria
Libya - Libye
Mali
Mauritania - Mauritanie
Morocco - Maroc
Niger
Nigeria - Nigéria
São Tomé & Principe
Senegal - Sénégal
Sierra Leone
Somalia - Somalie
Sudan - Soudan
Togo
Tunisia - Tunisia
Comesa
Burundi
Comoros - Comores
Congo, DRC - Congo, RDC
Djibouti
Egypt - Egypte
Eritrea - Erythrée
Ethiopia - Ethiopie
Kenya
Lybia - Lybie
Madagascar
Malawi
Mauritius - Maurice
Rwanda

Seychelles
Sudan - Soudan
Swaziland
Uganda - Ouganda
Zambia - Zambie
Zimbabwe
Ecowas - Cedeao
Benin - Bénin
Burkina Faso
Cape Verde - Cap Vert
Côte d’Ivoire
Gambia - Gambie
Ghana
Guinea - Guinée
Guinea Bissau - Guinée Bissau
Liberia - Libéria
Mali
Niger
Nigeria - Nigéria
Senegal - Sénégal
Sierra Leone
Togo
Sadc
Angola
Botswana
Congo, DRC - Congo, RDC
Lesotho
Madagascar
Malawi
Mauritius - Maurice
Mozambique
Namibia - Namibie
Seychelles
South Africa - Afrique du Sud
Swaziland
Tanzania - Tanzanie
Zambia - Zambie
Zimbabwe
Udeac/Cemac
Cameroon - Cameroun
Cent. Afr. Rep. - Rép. Centraf.
Chad - Tchad
Congo
Equat. Guinea - Guinée équat.
Gabon
Waemu/ Uemoa
Benin - Bénin
Burkina Faso
Côte d’Ivoire
Guinea Bissau - Guinée Bissau
Mali
Niger
Senegal - Sénégal
Togo

INVESTMENT CLIMATE
AND INFRASTRUCTURE
CLIMAT DES AFFAIRES
ET INFRASTRUCTURES

2

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators on African Countries 2010

Promoting Gender Equality and
Women’s Empowerment in Africa:
The African Development Bank’s
Perspective*
Introduction
Equality between men and women is both a human
right and a development goal. It is now widely accepted that gender equality and women’s empowerment are fundamental cornerstones for achieving development results. In September 2008, the
Ministers of developing and donor countries responsible for promoting development and heads of
multilateral and bilateral development institutions
endorsed the Accra Agenda for Action (AAA) to
accelerate and deepen the implementation of the
Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness. The AAA
has specifically outlined that developing countries
and donors will ensure that development policies
and programmes are designed and implemented
to take into consideration one of the agreed international commitments, gender equality.
Recent evidence suggests that progress in Africa
in meeting the Millennium Development Goals
(MDGs) by 2015 is highly challenged. Evidence also
shows that until the beginning of 2008 Africa was
on track to meet many of its MDGs. However, with
the recent food, fuel and financial crises there is
now a high risk of slippage in meeting these targets,
especially those related to health, education, and
food security. As gender equality, a critical element
in achieving all MDGs cuts across all these key
livelihoods indicators, the threat of loosing out on
achieving gender equality and women’s empowerment in Africa is much greater than ever before.
Added to this is the increased threat of climate
change which is further likely to compromise the
limited gains made with regards to women’s role
in food security and natural resources management. Moreover, while significant progress has
been reported for indicators such as universal
primary education and gender equality, no similar
achievements can be reported on gender parity in
secondary and tertiary education. Furthermore,
the African Development Bank (AfDB) undertakes
to ensure that its programmes and policies are

responsive to the impact of the financial crisis on
gender equality.
In the recent phase of institutional reforms,
the AfDB has reaffirmed its commitment to provide
the necessary technical and policy support to
regional member countries (RMCs) in all priority
development areas. As such, the Bank has a key
role to play in promoting gender equality on the
continent and providing regional leadership to
addressing persistent weaknesses in development
policies as regards women’s empowerment.
The AfDB’s Gender Policy of 2001 elaborateed
the commitment to promote gender equality and
sustainable human and economic development in
Africa, and specifies guiding principles to achieve
these ends. The Bank’s first Gender Plan of Action
(GPOA) 2004–2007 aimed to outline an approach to
operationalising the Gender Policy and to identify
specific activities which would further support
gender mainstreaming in the Bank’s operations,
such as: developing programme tools and strategies, project tools for priority sectors, institutional
capacity building, and organizational support.
The goal of AfDB’s updated gender equality and
women’s empowerment plan of action (UGPOA) is
to support African countries in their effort to attain
gender equality as a principal means to poverty
reduction. The specific objective is to promote
sustainable and equitable economic empowerment of men and women.
This article is divided into three sections. Section
one introduces briefly the progress to date on
the implementation of gender mainstreaming in
the AfDB and the re- prioritisation of gender issues globally. Section two provides some of the
opportunities and challenges related to gender
mainstreaming both in the Bank and regionally.
Section three outlines the guiding principles for
the UGPOA and the areas of intervention that the
AfDB would focus on during the implementation
period 2009 – 2011.

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement sur les pays africains 2010

3

Gender Mainstreaming Opportunities and
Challenges

...Gender equality and women’s
empowerment
achievements
on the continent
have been
uneven.

Fragile states
pose a unique
development
challenge and
specifically
as relates to
women’s
empowerment

4

The AAA is the most recent commitment and demonstrates continued interest by the development
community to do more, amongst others, for gender equality and women’s empowerment. Through
the Paris Declaration implementation framework,
there is a new opportunity to address gender
equality issues in country led national development
processes, specifically taking advantage of the
home-grown national gender policies and strategies, which hold African countries accountable for
their achievements and allows donors to harmonise and align their support to the countries for a
more focused and results oriented gender equality agenda. This opens new channels for actions
related to increasing focus on developing national
policy dialogue and development prioritisation
processes (such as PRSPs), national reporting
mechanisms including support to strengthening
gender disaggregated data and statistics, opening access to private sector opportunities, and
increasing employment.
Increased use of country systems will require the
strengthening of weak national gender machineries and institutional frameworks which pose a critical impediment to delivering on the national and
regional gender equality commitments. However,
an important window of opportunity in this regard
is the increased use of the gender –responsive
budgeting process. A number of countries (including Ghana and Zambia) have taken concrete measures to ensure clear monitoring and reporting of
gender responsive budget execution. Mainstreaming gender in the national budget process will
ensure sustainability and avoid the past “add-on”
approach to gender empowerment.
Gender equality and women’s empowerment
achievements on the continent have been uneven.
Wage gaps and discrimination against women
in labour markets have resulted in fewer women
participating in the formal sector. In the agriculture
sector, where the majority of the women work as
unpaid labour, there is clear evidence that constraints to land ownership and lack of access to
inputs by women are key obstacles to increasing
agriculture productivity and economic growth,
especially for those countries which depend on
the sector as their main source of national income.
The recent food crisis has resulted in calls for a
clear focus on mitigating the impact of climate
change for increased and sustainable food security
and nutritional levels. This has created a clear op-

portunity for addressing some of the constraints
faced by women such as ensuring access to safe
drinking water as well as sustainable management
of water resources, reducing land degradation,
increasing forest conservation and sustainable
natural resources management. These have a
direct impact on women’s capacity to generate
income and maintain livelihoods at the household
level. Other than the recent boost in increased
access to microfinance, women continue to face
constraints in accessing agriculture credit, housing and education loans as well as financing for
medium size enterprise development. This further
creates an opportunity for the AfDB to provide
concerned countries with support in addressing
gender based inequalities with regards to boys’
participation in development agenda.
Fragile states pose a unique development challenge and specifically as relates to women’s
empowerment. Historical practices of exclusion,
gender based violence, and displacement, among
others, have created large gender gaps in education, employment opportunities, access to and
management of natural resources, and political
representation. The AfDB’s recent establishment of
the Fragile States Facility provides for a dedicated
focus on addressing some of these gaps in coordination with other partners, such as the OECD and
the World Bank.
As mentioned previously, while there has been
some success in achieving gender parity in primary
education, very little has been achieved in terms
of gender equality in access to higher education.
Increased focus on promoting access to higher
education, including on science and technology
provides a unique opportunity to increase gender
equality in the labour market as well as promote
women’s participation in disciplines previously
considered as male dominated.
Focus Areas And Levels Of Intervention
Under The Updated Gender Plan Of Action
Based on the lessons learned from the review of
the previous Gender Plan of Action, AfDB will align
its gender activities with other partners to complement approaches to gender equality and women’s
empowerment. The AfDB will mainstream gender
equality issues in all its projects and programmes,
specifically through policy dialogue using the
country strategy papers (CSPs) as the main tool.
Monitoring and reporting on the gender outcomes and indicators, including the institutional
Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) will provide an

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators on African Countries 2010

environment of continuous learning and ensuring
sustainable development impact.
The focus will be on the following three intervention areas: (i) supporting investment activities
which promote women’s economic empowerment in the AfDB’s key strategic priority areas;
(ii) institutional capacity building and knowledge
building both at the AfDB and for countries; and
(iii) supporting governance and policy reform for
strengthened gender mainstreaming in the national development process.

access to health services particularly sexual and
reproductive health services, as well as providing
technical and vocational skills. In particular, priority
actions will be undertaken in the following areas:

These strategic directions are guided by the following principles, consistent with the commitments
of the Paris Declaration (based on the principles
of ownership, alignment, harmonization, mutual
accountability, and managing for results).

The support to countries will be focused on
achieving results, demonstrating impact and
adding value to the process of ensuring positive development outcomes. As such the AfDB
will support an approach based on incentives
rather than mandates and obligations;
AfDB activities focusing on gender equality and
women’s empowerment will be sequenced and
tailored to country needs and development priorities. The AfDB recognizes that every country
has a unique approach to promoting gender
equality and empowerment as demonstrated
by the diverse economic and social landscape
of middle income countries and fragile states,
among others. In this, the AfDB will emphasise
country ownership and priority setting;
Sound and timely knowledge work will be the
basis of designing support to countries. Such
support will be based on relevant empirical
evidence on gender inequalities and good practices in responding to these inequalities;
The AfDB will work extensively with partners,
in line with the Paris Declaration Principles, in
order to capitalize on the comparative advantage of each.

The AfDB will mainstream all actions in its investments and programming work that promote
gender equality and women’s economic empowerment. This would include focus on promoting
entrepreneurship development through agroindustry, facilitating access to local, national and
regional markets through roads infrastructure development, promoting wide- scale and affordable
access to energy, increased access to information
and communication technology (ICT), increased

Results based focus on gender equality will be
promoted through ensuring that all country
strategy papers (CSPs) and regional assistance
strategy papers (RASPs) identify key gender
responsive actions to be implemented by the
AfDB.
Transport of economic and household oriented
goods takes up a large amount of time and
physical effort from men and women, especially
in rural areas. In this regard, men and women
bear the burden differently depending on who
has access to different forms of intermediate
means of transport, distribution of responsibilities for household food security and livelihoods,
as well as children’s access to ensure transportation options for education; which is a known
significant consideration of girls’ education in
rural areas. Therefore, the AfDB will promote
improved livelihoods and participation of
women and men in economic development
through the increased access to safe and affordable transport and roads infrastructure
for economic diversification and employment
opportunities for women and men.
In the energy sector, meeting domestic energy
demand for household needs is core to the
majority of the African population, specifically those which are rural based. It is also well
known that the supply of domestic energy
tasks are mainly the responsibility of women
and children, especially when the main sources
of energy are collecting firewood and animal
waste. This increases the burden on women
and children of both sexes. Moreover, use of traditional domestic energy sources is known to
have negative impact on the health of women
and children. Thus, the intervention area in this
subsector will be to support solutions which
reduce the burden on women and children as
regards traditional sources of domestic energy
as well as promoting supply of rural energy
services for income and employment, through
increased access to rural electrification. The
AfDB will furthermore support the promotion
of clean and renewable energy which has clear
implications for the economic and social status
of women and girls..
In the water sector, achievements in water also
help further the goals that help create gender
equality and achieve universal primary educa-

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement sur les pays africains 2010

The AfDB will
mainstream all
actions in its
investments and
programming
work that promote gender
equality and
women’s
economic
empowerment.

5

6

tion. Poor women and girls in rural and urban
areas are almost always the family or village water gatherers, but water sources are frequently
many hours’ walk. With better water services,
girls can use their time, for instance, for schooling. This time management would allow women
to access primary education, helping to achieve
the primary education goal while empowering
women through education, thus accomplishing the goal of gender equality. Studies, too,
have shown that there is a direct relation to
villages with access to water and their ability
to attract teachers and other professionals.
In this regard, the AfDB will design operations
which are based on concrete gender analysis
which identify the most gender responsive locations for the promotion of increased access
to safe drinking water through reduced walking
distances to up to 0.5 km; ensure safe drinking
water and sanitation facilities in schools and
universities as well as health centres.
Within the overall focus on Extractive Industries
(EI), gender bias usually exists in the distribution
of risks and benefits. This means that the risks,
such as environmental damage and negative
social impact falls more heavily on women while
the benefits, such as employment and compensation accrue more to men. Therefore, the failure to recognise these biases could undermine
the potential positive impacts of EI and threaten
the sustainability of the EI programmes. As
such, in the extractive industries the AfDB will
support gender empowerment sensitisation in
the AfDB’s work on EI governance reforms and
support to improved regulatory framework in
countries to promote equitable access to horizontal and vertical linkages to the industry for
both men and women.
To achieve improved food security and farmer
household income: the agriculture sector in
each country is dependant on the available
natural resources which also influences the
choices of crops and agriculture production by
men and women farmers. Therefore, agriculture interventions, are likely to affect nutrition
and improved livelihoods. Women farmers are
crucial for the translation of agriculture products into national and household level food
security through the available access to and
control over agriculture resources. Within the
overall goal of increasing access to and control
over resources for female and male farmers for
the purpose of increased food security, the
AfDB will address gender equality in access to
agriculture inputs, rural infrastructure as well

as irrigated land and increased access to high
value agriculture markets in line with its revised
approach to the agriculture sector.
Gender equality in private sector development
will focus on achieving increased participation
of women entrepreneurs through improved
access to small business development services,
facilitate access to business start-up advisory
services, support policy and regulatory reforms
to improve small business start-up as well as
promote increased access to micro finance,
lines of credit and savings mobilization. The
Bank will also work towards encouraging equal
female representation in the boards of investment companies that AfDB loans are supporting. The AfDB’s Private Sector Department will
continue to work towards increased access to
micro finance resources for women and men at
the local level and will continue to build capacity in the micro finance industry for increased
small and medium enterprise development in
all sectors, especially those considered nontraditional sectors for women. The AfDB’s
public sector operations will work together
with the Private Sector Department to provide
support to microfinance regulatory reform and
establishing best practices at the national level,
including capacity building for savings mobilisation and micro finance management.
The AfDB will support gender equality and
women’s empowerment concerns and ensure
they are clearly mainstreamed in country
level health sector reforms with a clear focus
on increased access to health services with
the aim of reducing maternal mortality ratios
primarily.
The gender gap in higher education has not
significantly closed, particularly in science
related disciplines, where female enrollment
rates stand at 40 percent. As such, reforms
must address the gender enrolment gap in
tertiary education, especially in math and science in addition to other forms of participation
in higher education, science and technology,
such as memberships in faculty administrations, professional bodies among other diverse
concerns. Specific focus will be put on increasing access and improve quality of education
for girls and boys at all levels and support the
increased participation of girls in higher education, as well as technical and vocational training, particularly in science and technology.

Priority attention will be given to strengthening
the implementation capacity of line ministries

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators on African Countries 2010

and agencies with a view to ensure home-grown
gender equality and women’s empowerment strategies which are country owned. In this regard, the
following specific areas will be addressed:

The AfDB will support, through its sectoral
projects and programmes, actions to build
gender mainstreaming capacity in ministries
and parastatals. This will include training of
country officials in priority sectors, support to
engender front line staff, and establishment
of local basic gender specific targets. Special
focus will be given to sensitization and training
of high level officials such as the parliamentarians, officials of the legal and judiciary sectors,
the ministries of finance and planning, as well
as key private sector regulatory agencies and
coordination bodies.
In coordination with partners, the AfDB will
provide support to building capacity for countries statistical agencies and units to capture
and report in a timely manner, gender disaggregated data which is crucial for planning and
monitoring in a timely manner.
Poor women shoulder much of the burden in
terms of the severity of the impact of climate
change, and in coping with and adapting to
climate hazards. As such, the AfDB will ensure
that women are fully integrated in the adaptation design processes as well as governance
and management of such measures.
The AfDB will also undertake, in coordination
with partners, national and regional gender
assessments and gender profiles and other
relevant studies which would identify gender
equality gaps and provide guidance to policy
makers and national development planning authorities on how to close them. Specific support
will be provided to increasing the knowledge
base related to gender-based violence (GBV)
in post-conflict situations for identifying entry
points to mitigate such practices.

The AfDB will focus on helping countries strengthen country policy, regulatory and legal frameworks
in order to accelerate the achievement of gender
equality and women’s empowerment and equality related national development targets and the
MDGs in a sustainable manner. For example almost
all the countries have national policies condemning
gender inequality and discrimination based on sex.
Moreover, some countries have also introduced
laws, or amendments to existing laws, to eliminate discrimination in particular areas. However,
these policies and legal frameworks have yet to

be implemented fully. For example many African
countries have customary norms and practices
to regulate access to land and other productive
assets which often discriminate against women
and have been a key obstacle to the achievement
of women’s economic empowerment. Inadequate
laws and policies in the area of labour regulation,
also substantially limit women’s economic opportunities or their access to certain occupations. The
AfDB will therefore support countries in policy and
regulatory reforms in the following areas:

The AfDB will also provide support to country
efforts in mainstreaming gender equality goals
in the national development process, such as
the PRSPs and other national development
plans, sectoral policies and strategies, and
support consensus building and formulation
and implementation of regional gender equality initiatives.
National budgets are among the most important policy tools available to a government. On
the one hand they influence the overall level
of income and employment of a country, and
on the other they reflect its political priorities.
Gender responsive budgets are not separate
budgets for women, but instead, general
budgets that are planned, approved, executed,
monitored and audited in a gender-sensitive
way. Therefore, it is important to institutionalize
a gender equality perspective in public finance,
through standard budget guidelines such as
the annual budget call circular and reporting
forms, integrating a gender perspective into
national policy documents such as National
Development Plans, Poverty Reduction Strategies or Sector Policies, etc. For example, in
many countries the objective of increasing girls
completion rates in primary schools will only
be achieved, if investments are made in transport or water provision. Thus, inter-sectoral
coordination and impact monitoring should
be strengthened. Gender analysis contributes
to making public spending more effective. As
such, the AfDB will continue its work on promoting the increased use of gender budgeting
initiatives in its governance, economic and
financial reforms programmes.
Fragile and post-conflict countries suffer from
a legacy of gender based violence which has
been a critical impediment to post-crisis stability and growth. The AfDB’s support to policy reforms will facilitate the integration of effective
legal framework and judicial responses with a
view to protecting women, girls and boys;

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement sur les pays africains 2010

7

8

The AfDB will provide specific support to regional initiatives and support regional economic
communities to promote women’s empowerment across the various regional blocks and
provide for harmonised and outcome oriented
policies.

* Adapted from Gender Equality and Women’s
Empowerment:
An Updated Gender Plan of Action 2009-2011

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators on African Countries 2010

Promotion de l’égalité entre les femmes et les
hommes et le renforcement de l’autonomie
des femmes en Afrique : Les perspectives de
la Banque africaine de développement*
Introduction
L’égalité entre les hommes et les femmes est aussi
bien un droit humain qu’un objectif de développement. Il est maintenant généralement accepté que
l’égalité entre les femmes et les hommes et le renforcement de l’autonomie des femmes constituent
des pierres angulaires fondamentales pour la réalisation des résultats de développement. En septembre
2008, les Ministres des pays en développement et
donateurs responsables de la promotion du développement, ainsi que les chefs des institutions de
développement multilatérales et bilatérales ont approuvé le Plan d’action d’Accra (PAA) pour accélérer
et approfondir la mise en œuvre de la Déclaration
de Paris sur l’efficacité de l’aide. Le PAA a indiqué,
en particulier, que les pays en développement et
les donateurs feront en sorte que les politiques
et programmes de développement soient conçus
et exécutés de manière à tenir compte de l’un des
engagements internationaux convenus en matière
d’égalité entre les femmes et les hommes.
Des preuves récentes donnent à penser que les
progrès de l’Afrique vers la réalisation des objectifs
du millénaire pour le développement (OMD) en
2015 sont sérieusement remis en cause. Il y a des
preuves qui montrent aussi que jusqu’au début de
2008, l’Afrique était dans la bonne voie en ce qui
concerne la réalisation de bon nombre de ses OMD.
Néanmoins, avec les récentes crises alimentaire,
énergétique et financière, il y a un grand risque de
retard dans l’atteinte de ces cibles, en particulier
celles en rapport avec la santé, l’éducation, et la
sécurité alimentaire. Ce sont les filles qui courent
le plus le risque d’être retirées de l’école lorsque
les ménages voient leurs revenus baisser, tandis
que les femmes ont tendance à entreprendre des
activités économiques supplémentaires pour combler le déficit de revenu, ce qui accroît leur charge
de travail. A cela s’ajoute la menace croissante de
changement climatique qui, selon toute vraisemblance, risque de compromettre davantage encore
les gains limités réalisés par rapport au rôle de la

femme dans la sécurité alimentaire et la gestion
des ressources naturelles. En outre, bien que des
progrès significatifs aient été signalés pour des
indicateurs tels que l’éducation primaire pour tous
et l’égalité entre les femmes et les hommes, aucun
résultat similaire ne peut être rapporté sur la parité
hommes-femmes dans l’enseignement secondaire
et l’enseignement supérieur. De plus, la Banque
africaine de développement (BAD) mettra tout en
œuvre pour que ses programmes et ses politiques
prennent en compte l’impact de la crise financière
sur l’égalité entre les femmes et les hommes.
Au cours de la phase récente de réformes institutionnelles, la BAD a réaffirmé son engagement à
apporter le soutien technique et stratégique nécessaire aux pays membres régionaux (PMR) dans
tous les domaines prioritaires de développement.
À ce titre, la BAD a un rôle clé à jouer dans la promotion de l’égalité entre les femmes et les hommes
sur le continent et en montrant la voie à suivre au
niveau régional dans la manière de s’attaquer aux
faiblesses persistantes de politiques de développement en ce qui concerne le renforcement de
l’autonomie des femmes.
La Politique en matière de genre de la BAD (2001)
développe l’engagement à promouvoir l’égalité entre les femmes et les hommes, ainsi qu’un développement humain et économique durable en Afrique,
et il spécifie les principes directeurs pour atteindre
ces buts. Le premier Plan d’action en matière de
genre de la Banque (GPOA) 2004-2007 visait à
exposer dans les grandes lignes une approche de
l’opérationnalisation de la Politique en matière de
genre et à identifier les activités spécifiques qui
appuieraient davantage la prise en compte des
questions de genre dans des opérations telles que
: le développement d’outils et de stratégies pour
les programmes, d’outils pour les projets des secteurs prioritaires, le renforcement de la capacité
institutionnelle et l’appui institutionnel.
Le plan d’action actualisé de la BAD en matière
d’égalité entre les femmes et les hommes et le

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement sur les pays africains 2010

9

renforcement de l’autonomie des femmes (UGPOA)
a pour but principal est de soutenir la croissance
économique et la réduction de la pauvreté dans
les pays africains). Son objectif spécifique est
de promouvoir le renforcement de l’autonomie
économique équitable et durable des femmes et
des hommes.

Les réalisations
en matière
d’égalité entre
les femmes et
les hommes et
de renforcement de l’autonomie des
femmes sur le
continent ont
été inégales

Cet article est subdivisé en trois sections. La première section introduit brièvement les progrès
réalisés jusqu’à présent dans la mise en œuvre de
la prise en compte des questions de genre à la BAD
et le nouvelle priorisation globale des questions de
genre. La deuxième section présente quelquesunes des opportunités et défis en rapport avec
la prise en compte des questions de genre tant
au niveau de la Banque qu’au niveau régional. La
troisième section expose les principes directeurs
du Plan d’action actualisé en matière de genre (UGPOA) et les domaines d’intervention sur lesquels
la BAD se concentrera au cours de la période de
mise en œuvre, 2009-2011.
Possibilités et défis de la prise en compte
des questions de genre
Le PAA constitue l’engagement le plus récent et
il démontre l’intérêt continu de la part de la communauté du développement d’œuvrer davantage,
parmi d’autres secteurs, en faveur de l’égalité
entre les femmes et les hommes et du renforcement de l’autonomie des femmes. Au travers du
cadre de mise en œuvre de la Déclaration de Paris,
se présente une nouvelle possibilité d’aborder
les questions d’égalité entre les femmes et les
hommes dans des processus nationaux de développement impulsés par les pays, en tirant plus
particulièrement profit des politiques et stratégies
nationales de genre élaborées au pays, qui tiennent
responsables les pays africains de leur mise en
œuvre et permettent aux donateurs d’harmoniser
et d’aligner leur soutien à ces derniers pour un
programme relatif à l’égalité entre les femmes et
les hommes plus focalisé et axé sur les résultats.
Ceci ouvre de nouvelles perspectives pour des
mesures en faveur d’une plus grande focalisation
sur le développement d’un dialogue national des
politiques et sur les processus de priorisation du
développement (tels que les DSRP), les mécanismes nationaux d’établissement de rapports, y
compris le soutien au renforcement des données
et statistiques désagrégées selon le genre, la
possibilité d’accéder aux opportunités du secteur
privé, et l’augmentation des emplois.
L’utilisation accrue des systèmes des pays néces-

10

sitera le renforcement des appareils et des cadres
institutionnels nationaux de genre qui sont faibles et
qui constituent un obstacle crucial à la tenue des engagements nationaux et régionaux en matière d’égalité entre les femmes et les hommes. Néanmoins, le
recours accru au processus de budgétisation sensible au genre constitue une importante ouverture
à cet égard. Un certain nombre de pays (tels que le
Ghana et la Zambie) ont pris des mesures concrètes
en vue de garantir un suivi et un établissement de
rapports clairs de l’exécution du budget sensible au
genre. La prise en compte du genre dans le processus
budgétaire national garantira la durabilité et évitera
l’approche « additive » du renforcement de l’autonomie des femmes adaptée dans le passé.
Les réalisations en matière d’égalité entre les femmes
et les hommes et de renforcement de l’autonomie
des femmes sur le continent ont été inégales. Les
écarts salariaux, ainsi que la discrimination contre
les femmes sur les marchés du travail ont eu pour
conséquence moins de femmes actives dans le
secteur formel. Dans le secteur agricole, où la
majorité des femmes travaillent en tant que maind’œuvre gratuite, des preuves claires montrent que
les contraintes d’accès à la propriété foncière et le
manque d’accès aux intrants pour les femmes constituent les obstacles principaux à l’augmentation de la
productivité agricole et à la croissance économique,
surtout pour les pays qui dépendent de ce secteur
en tant que source principale du revenu national. La
crise alimentaire récente a mis au jour la nécessité
de mettre clairement l’accent sur l’atténuation de
l’impact des changements climatiques pour une
sécurité alimentaire et des niveaux nutritionnels
améliorés et durables. Elle offre une occasion évidente de s’attaquer à quelques-unes des contraintes
auxquelles les femmes doivent faire face, notamment
la garantie de l’accès à l’eau potable, ainsi que la
gestion durable des ressources en eau, la réduction
de la dégradation des sols, le renforcement de la
préservation des forêts et la gestion durable des
ressources naturelles. Ce sont des facteurs qui ont un
impact direct sur la capacité des femmes de générer
des revenus et de maintenir les moyens d’existence
au niveau du ménage. À l’exception du coup de fouet
donné récemment à l’accès à la microfinance, les
femmes continuent à faire face à des contraintes
au niveau de l’accès au crédit agricole, aux prêts
au logement et d’études, ainsi qu’au financement
du développement des moyennes entreprises. Par
ailleurs ceci donne l’occasion à la BAD de fournir un
support aux pays pour faire face à l’inégalité du genre
en ce qui concerne la participation des garçons dans
le développement.

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators on African Countries 2010

Les États fragiles présentent un défi de développement unique, précisément en ce qui concerne
le renforcement de l’autonomie des femmes. Des
pratiques historiques d’exclusion, de violence sexospécifique, et les déplacements, entre autres, ont
créé d’importants écarts entre les sexes dans les
domaines de l’éducation, des possibilités d’emploi,
de l’accès aux ressources naturelles et leur gestion,
et de la représentation politique. La mise en place
récente par la BAD de la Facilité en faveur des États
fragiles offre la possibilité de s’attaquer, de manière
focalisée, à certains de ces écarts en coordination
avec d’autres partenaires tels que l’OCDE et la Banque mondiale.

et l’accumulation du savoir tant à la BAD que dans
les pays ; et (iii) soutenir les réformes en matière de
gouvernance et stratégiques pour le renforcement
de la prise en compte des questions de genre dans
le processus national de développement.
Ces orientations stratégiques sont guidées par
les principes ci-après, qui sont conformes aux
engagements de la Déclaration de Paris (fondée
sur les principes d’appropriation, d’alignement,
d’harmonisation, de la responsabilité mutuelle
et de la Gestion du développement axée sur les
résultats).

Comme mentionné ci-haut, bien que quelques succès aient été enregistrés dans la réalisation de la parité garçons-filles à l’école primaire, très peu d’avancées ont été réalisées en termes d’égalité entre les
femmes et les hommes pour ce qui est de l’accès à
l’enseignement supérieur. En se focalisant davantage
sur la promotion de l’accès à l’enseignement supérieur, y compris aux sciences et à la technologie, on
s’offre une occasion unique d’évoluer davantage vers
l’égalité entre les femmes et les hommes sur le marché du travail et de promouvoir la participation des
femmes à des disciplines considérées auparavant
comme à prédominance masculine.
Secteurs d’intervention privilégiés et
niveaux d’intervention au titre du plan
d’action actualisé du genre
En fonction des enseignements tirés et conformément à sa Stratégie à moyen terme, la BAD alignera
ses activités en matière de genre avec les autres
partenaires afin de parfaire les approches de
l’égalité entre les femmes et les hommes et du
renforcement de l’autonomie des femmes. La BAD
intégrera les questions ayant trait à l’égalité entre
les femmes et les hommes dans tous ses projets
et programmes, précisément par l’entremise du
dialogue des politiques en utilisant les documents
de stratégie par pays (DSP) comme l’outil principal.
Le suivi, ainsi que les rapports sur les réalisations
et les indicateurs en matière de genre, y compris
les Indicateurs clés de performance (ICP), créeront
un environnement permettant un apprentissage
continu et un impact de développement durable.
La BAD se concentrera sur les trois domaines
d’intervention suivants: (i) soutenir les activités
d’investissement qui favorisent le renforcement de
l’autonomie des femmes dans les principaux axes
stratégiques prioritaires d’intervention de la BAD;
(ii) le renforcement de la capacité institutionnelle

Le soutien aux pays sera centré sur la réalisation
de résultats, l’établissement de la preuve de
l’impact, l’ajout de valeur au processus consistant à garantir des réalisations de développement positives. À ce titre, la BAD soutiendra
une approche basée sur les incitations, plutôt
que sur des mandats et des obligations;
Les activités de la BAD centrées sur l’égalité
entre les femmes et les hommes et le renforcement de l’autonomie des femmes seront
programmées et adaptées aux besoins des
pays et aux priorités de développement. La
BAD reconnaît que chaque pays a une approche unique de la promotion de l’égalité entre les
femmes et les hommes et du renforcement de
l’autonomie des femmes comme le démontre,
entre autres, le paysage économique et social
divers et varié des pays à revenu intermédiaire
et des États fragiles. À cet égard, la BAD mettra
l’accent sur l’appropriation des activités par le
pays et la fixation des priorités;
Un travail intellectuel solide et en temps opportun constituera la base de la conception du
soutien à apporter aux pays. Un tel soutien sera
basé sur des preuves empiriques pertinentes
des inégalités entre les femmes et les hommes,
et les bonnes pratiques dans la réaction à opposer à ces inégalités ;
La BAD travaillera énormément avec des partenaires, conformément aux Principes de la
Déclaration de Paris, afin de capitaliser l’avantage comparatif de chacun.

La BAD intégrera toutes les actions dans ses activités d’investissement et de programmation qui
favorise l’égalité entre les femmes et les hommes,
ainsi que le renforcement de l’autonomie économique des femmes. Y sera incluse, au titre des actions
en question, la concentration sur la promotion du
développement de l’entrepreneuriat par le biais de
l’agro-industrie, en facilitant l’accès aux marchés

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement sur les pays africains 2010

Les États fragiles
présentent un
défi de développement unique,
précisément en
ce qui concerne
le renforcement
de l’autonomie
des femmes

La BAD intégrera toutes les
actions dans ses
activités d’investissement et de
programmation
qui favorise
l’égalité entre
les femmes et
les hommes,
ainsi que le
renforcement de
l’autonomie
économique des
femmes

11

local, national, et régional grâce au développement
de l’infrastructure routière, la promotion d’un accès généralisé et à prix abordable à l’énergie, un
accès plus important aux technologies de l’information et de la communication (TIC), aux services
de santé, en particulier aux services de santé
sexuelle et reproductive, ainsi que le transfert de
compétences techniques et professionnelles. Des
actions seront engagées en priorité notamment
dans les domaines suivants :

12

La concentration axée sur les résultats sur
l’égalité entre les femmes et les hommes sera
promue en s’assurant que tous les documents
de stratégie par pays (DSP) et les documents
de stratégie d’assistance régionale (DSAR)
identifient les actions clés sensibles au genre
à entreprendre par la BAD.
Le transport des marchandises et des produits
domestiques requiert beaucoup de temps et
d’effort physique de la part des hommes et des
femmes, en particulier dans les zones rurales. À
cet égard, les hommes et les femmes supportent la charge différemment selon la personne
qui a accès à différents types de moyens intermédiaires de transport, la répartition des
responsabilités pour la sécurité alimentaire
des ménages et des moyens de subsistance,
ainsi que l’accès des enfants à des moyens
de transport sécurisés pour l’éducation, ce
qui constitue une considération importante
pour la poursuite de l’éducation des filles dans
les zones rurales. Par conséquent, pour la
BAD, il s’agit de promouvoir l’amélioration des
moyens de subsistance et la participation des
femmes et des hommes au développement
économique par l’amélioration de l’accès à la
sécurité et à prix abordable des infrastructures
de transport et des routes et la diversification
économique et les possibilités d’emploi pour
les femmes et les hommes;
Dans le secteur de l’énergie, les difficultés à
satisfaire les besoins en énergie domestique
des ménages est au centre des préoccupations de la majorité de la population africaine,
en particulier celles qui sont en milieu rural. Il
est également bien connu que la fourniture
d’énergie domestique est essentiellement de
la responsabilité des femmes et des enfants,
en particulier lorsque les principales sources
d’énergie sont la collecte de bois de chauffage
et les déchets animaux. Cela augmente la charge qui pèse sur les femmes et les enfants des
deux sexes. En outre, l’utilisation des sources
d’énergie domestique est connue pour avoir

un impact négatif sur la santé des femmes et
des enfants. Ainsi, la zone d’intervention de
ce sous-secteur sera d’appuyer des solutions
qui permettent de réduire la charge pesant sur
les femmes et les enfants en ce qui concerne
les sources traditionnelles d’énergie domestique ainsi que de promouvoir la fourniture de
services énergétiques en milieu rural pour les
revenus et l’emploi, par l’augmentation de l’accès à l’électrification rurale. En tant que telle, la
BAD appuiera la promotion de l’énergie propre
et renouvelable qui a des implications pour la
situation économique et sociale des femmes
et des filles; la BAD soutiendra la promotion de
l’énergie propre et renouvelable qui a des répercutions évidentes sur le statut économique
et social des femmes et des filles ;
Dans le secteur de l’eau, les réalisations tendront également à promouvoir les objectifs qui
aident à créer l’égalité entre les sexes et réaliser
l’éducation primaire universelle. Les femmes
pauvres et des jeunes filles dans les zones
rurales et urbaines sont presque toujours les
pourvoyeuses en eau de la famille ou du village
alors que les sources d’eau sont souvent de situées à de nombreuses heures de marche. Avec
de meilleurs services d’approvisionnement en
eau, les filles peuvent faire usage de leur temps,
par exemple pour la scolarisation. Cette gestion
du temps permettrait aux femmes d’accéder à
l’enseignement primaire, en aidant à atteindre
l’objectif de l’enseignement primaire ainsi que
l’autonomisation des femmes par l’éducation,
donc l’accomplissement de l’objectif de l’égalité
des sexes. Les études ont également montré
qu’il existe une relation directe entre les villages
qui ont accès à l’eau et de leur capacité à attirer
des professeurs et autres professionnels. À cet
égard, la BAD concevra des opérations basées
sur une analyse sexospécifique concrète qui
identifie les lieux les plus sensibles au genre pour
la promotion d’un meilleur accès à l’eau potable
par la réduction des distances à parcourir à
pied à 0,5 km au maximum; garantir la présence
d’installations d’eau potable et d’assainissement
dans les écoles et universités, ainsi que dans les
centres de santé.
Dans le cadre de la priorité globale accordée
aux industries extractives (IE), le sexisme en
général existe dans la répartition des risques
et des avantages. Cela signifie que les risques,
tels que les dégâts environnementaux et les
impacts négatifs sociaux relèvent plus lourdement sur les femmes alors que les avantages,
tels que l’emploi et l’indemnisation reviennent

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators on African Countries 2010

plus aux hommes. Par conséquence, la non-reconnaissance de ces préjugés mine le potentiel
des effets positifs de l’IE et menace la viabilité
des programmes de l’assurance-emploi. En tant
que telle, dans les industries extractives, la BAD
soutiendra le renforcement de l’autonomie des
femmes dans les travaux de la BAD sur les réformes de la gouvernance d’assurance-emploi et
l’amélioration du cadre réglementaire dans les
pays pour promouvoir un accès équitable aux
liens horizontaux et verticaux de l’industrie à la
fois pour les hommes et les femmes;
Pour améliorer la sécurité alimentaire des agriculteurs et le revenu des ménages : Le secteur
de l’agriculture dans chaque pays est tributaire
de la disponibilité des ressources naturelles,
qui influence aussi le choix des cultures et la
production agricole par des hommes et des
femmes agriculteurs. Par conséquent, les interventions dans le domaine de l’agriculture,
concentrées seulement au niveau de la production, sont susceptibles d’affecter la nutrition et
l’amélioration des moyens de subsistance. Les
agricultrices sont cruciales pour la transformation des produits de l’agriculture dans les ménages et la sécurité alimentaire grâce à l’accès
et au contrôle des ressources agricoles. Dans
le cadre de l’objectif général d’améliorer l’accès
des agriculteurs et agricultrices aux ressources
et d’en assurer la maîtrise aux fins d’accroître
la sécurité alimentaire, la BAD se penchera
sur l’égalité entre les sexes dans l’accès aux
intrants agricoles, les infrastructures rurales,
ainsi que les terres irriguées et l’amélioration de
l’accès aux marchés agricoles de grande valeur,
en conformité avec son approche révisée du
secteur de l’agriculture.
L’égalité entre les femmes et les hommes dans
le développement du secteur privé privilégiera
la participation accrue d’entrepreneurs femmes
grâce à un meilleur accès qui favorise le soutien
au développement des petites entreprises, en
facilitant l’accès aux services consultatifs au
démarrage d’une entreprise, en soutenant les
réformes stratégiques ou réglementaires pour
améliorer le démarrage des petites entreprises,
ainsi qu’en favorisant un meilleur accès à la microfinance et à la mobilisation de l’épargne. La
BAD œuvrera également à la promotion d’une
représentation féminine équitable aux conseils
d’administration des sociétés d’investissement
financées par le produit de ses prêts. Le Département du Secteur privé de la BAD continuera
à œuvrer en faveur d’un meilleur accès aux
ressources de microfinance pour les femmes

et les hommes au niveau local tandis que les
opérations du secteur public continueront à
renforcer les capacités dans la microfinance
pour accroître la sensibilisation des hommes et
des femmes et aussi à renforcer les capacités
du secteur de la microfinance pour promouvoir
le développement des petites et moyennes
entreprises dans tous les secteurs, en particulier ceux qui sont considérés comme des
secteurs non traditionnels pour les femmes.
Le département du secteur public de la BAD
travaillera conjointement avec le département du secteur privé à fournir un appui aux
réformes de la réglementation du secteur de
la microfinance et promouvoir l’établissement
des meilleures pratiques au niveau national,
y compris le renforcement de la capacité de
mobilisation de l’épargne et de management
dans la micro finance.
La BAD contribuera à faire en sorte que les préoccupations relatives à l’égalité entre les femmes et les hommes, ainsi qu’au renforcement
de l’autonomie des femmes soient clairement
prises en compte dans les réformes du secteur
de la santé au niveau national en mettant un
accent particulier sur un meilleur accès aux
services de santé avec l’objectif de réduire les
taux primaires de mortalité maternelle.
L’écart entre les femmes et les hommes dans
l’enseignement supérieur a stagné, en particulier dans les disciplines connexes des sciences, où les taux de scolarisation des femmes
s’élèvent à 40 pour cent. En tant que tels, les
réformes doivent porter sur les écarts de scolarisation entre les sexes dans l’enseignement
supérieur, en particulier en mathématiques
et en sciences, en plus des autres formes de
participation dans l’enseignement supérieur, la
science et la technologie, tels que les membres
du corps professoral dans les administrations,
les organismes professionnels divers, entre
autres préoccupations. Une attention spécifique sera accordée à l’amélioration de l’accès à
et de la qualité de l’enseignement pour les filles
et les garçons à tous les niveaux et au soutien
à la participation accrue des filles à l’enseignement supérieur, ainsi qu’à la formation technique et professionnelle, en particulier dans le
domaine des sciences et de la technologie.

Une attention prioritaire sera accordée au renforcement de la capacité de mise en œuvre des
ministères et organismes d’exécution en vue de
garantir l’élaboration de stratégies locales en matière d’égalité entre les femmes et les hommes et

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement sur les pays africains 2010

13

de renforcement de l’autonomie des femmes dont
le pays concerné s’approprie. A cet égard, les domaines spécifiques ci-après seront abordés:

La BAD soutiendra, par l’entremise de ses
projets et programmes sectoriels, les actions
destinées à renforcer la capacité de prise en
compte des questions de genre dans les ministères et les organismes parapublics. Cette
activité inclura la formation des fonctionnaires
des pays dans des secteurs prioritaires, le soutien au personnel de première ligne spécialiste
en genre, et la fixation de cibles locales sexospécifiques de base. Une attention spéciale sera
accordée à la sensibilisation et à la formation
des représentants officiels de haut rang tels
que les parlementaires, les officiels des secteurs juridique et judiciaire, les ministères des
finances et de la planification, ainsi que les
organismes de réglementation.
En coordination avec les partenaires, la BAD
apportera son concours au renforcement de
la capacité des organismes et unités en charge
des statistiques de manière à ce qu’ils puissent
saisir et rapporter, en temps utile, des données
désagrégées selon le genre qui sont cruciales
pour la planification et le suivi opportuns.
Les femmes pauvres supportent la plus grande
partie du fardeau en termes de gravité de
l’impact des changements climatiques, ainsi
qu’en faisant face et en s’adaptant aux dangers
climatiques. À ce titre, la BAD fera en sorte que
les femmes soient totalement intégrées dans
les processus de conception de l’adaptation,
ainsi qu’à l’administration et à la gestion de ces
mesures d’adaptation.
La BAD élaborera aussi, en coordination avec
les partenaires, des évaluations de genre et
des profils genre, ainsi que d’autres études
pertinentes qui identifieraient les écarts en
matière d’égalité entre les femmes et les
hommes et orienteraient les décideurs et les
autorités nationales en matière de planification du développement sur la manière de les
combler. Un soutien spécifique sera accordé à
l’élargissement de la base de connaissances en
rapport avec la violence sexospécifique dans
des situations post-conflit en vue d’identifier
les points d’entrée pour atténuer de telles
pratiques.

La BAD se concentrera sur l’aide à apporter aux
pays pour qu’ils puissent renforcer les cadres
stratégique, réglementaire et juridique nationaux
afin d’accélérer la réalisation de l’égalité entre

14

les femmes et les hommes, du renforcement de
l’autonomie des femmes, ainsi que l’atteinte des
cibles nationales du développement en rapport
avec l’égalité entre les femmes et les hommes et
des OMD de manière durable. Par exemple, presque tous les pays ont des politiques nationales
condamnant les inégalités entre les femmes et les
hommes, ainsi que la discrimination sur la base du
sexe. En outre, certains pays ont aussi introduit de
lois, ou des amendements à des lois existantes, en
vue d’éliminer la discrimination dans des domaines
particuliers. Néanmoins, ces cadres stratégiques
et juridiques n’ont pas encore été totalement mis
en œuvre. Par exemple, des nombreux pays africains ont des normes et pratiques coutumières qui
réglementent l’accès à la terre et à d’autres avoirs
de production qui souvent font de la discrimination
envers les femmes et ont constitué un obstacle
majeur à la réalisation du renforcement de l’autonomie économique des femmes. Des lois et des
politiques inadéquates dans le domaine des règlements sur le travail limitent aussi considérablement
les opportunités économiques pour les femmes
ou l’accès de celles-ci à certaines professions. En
conséquence, la BAD soutiendra les pays dans
leurs réformes stratégiques et réglementaires
dans les domaines suivants:

La BAD apportera aussi son soutien aux efforts
des pays visant la prise en compte des objectifs
en matière d’égalité entre les femmes et les
hommes dans le processus national de développement, des efforts qui prennent la forme
de documents tels que le DSRP et d’autres plans
nationaux de développement, des politiques et
stratégies sectorielles ; la Banque soutiendra
par ailleurs la recherche du consensus, ainsi
que la formulation et la mise en œuvre d’initiatives régionales relatives à l’égalité entre les
femmes et les hommes ;
Les budgets nationaux se trouvent parmi les
outils de politique les plus importants à la
disposition d’un gouvernement. D’une part,
ils influencent le niveau global du revenu et
de l’emploi dans un pays, de l’autre, ils sont le
reflet de ses priorités politiques. Ces derniers
ne sont pas des budgets séparés pour les
femmes, mais plutôt, des budgets généraux
qui sont planifiés, approuvés, exécutés, dont
le suivi est assuré et qui sont audités d’une manière sensible au genre. Il est, par conséquent,
important d’institutionnaliser une perspective
d’égalité entre les femmes et les hommes dans
les finances publiques, par le biais de directives
standards concernant le budget telles que la

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators on African Countries 2010

lettre circulaire et les formulaires de rapport
relatifs au budget annuel qui intègrent une
perspective de genre dans les documents nationaux de politique tels que les Plans nationaux
de développement, les Stratégies de réduction
de la pauvreté ou les Politiques sectorielles,
etc. Par exemple, dans de nombreux pays,
l’objectif d’améliorer les taux d’achèvement
des études primaires chez les filles ne sera
atteint que si des investissements sont réalisés dans le transport ou l’approvisionnement
en eau. La coordination et le suivi d’impact
intersectoriels devraient être renforcés. Une
analyse sexospécifique contribue à rendre les
dépenses publiques plus efficaces. À ce titre,
la BAD poursuivra son travail de promotion de
l’usage accru des initiatives de budgétisation
sensible au genre dans ses programmes de réformes économiques, financières et en matière
de gouvernance ;
Les pays fragiles et post-conflit souffrent de

l’héritage de la violence sexospécifique qui a
constitué un obstacle crucial à la stabilité et à
la croissance post-crise. Le soutien de la BAD
aux réformes stratégiques facilitera l’intégration d’un cadre juridique efficace, ainsi que
des réponses judiciaires pour la protection des
femmes, des filles et des garçons.
La BAD accordera un soutien spécifique aux
initiatives régionales et elle apportera son
concours aux communautés économiques
régionales pour qu’elles fassent la promotion
du renforcement de l’autonomie des femmes
à travers les différents blocs régionaux et prévoient des politiques harmonisées et axées sur
les réalisations.

* Adapté de l’égalité entre les femmes et les
hommes et renforcement de l’autonomie des
femmes:Unpland’actionactualiséenmatièredegenre
(UGPOA) 2009-2011’

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement sur les pays africains 2010

15

16

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators on African Countries 2010

INVESTMENT CLIMATE
AND INFRASTRUCTURE
CLIMAT DES AFFAIRES
ET INFRASTRUCTURES

INVESTMENT CLIMATE
AND INFRASTRUCTURE
CLIMAT DES AFFAIRES
ET INFRASTRUCTURES

20

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators on African Countries 2010

Progess Towards the Millennium
Development Goals
In September 2000, at the United Nations Millennium Summit, world leaders agreed to a set of
time bound and measurable goals and targets for
combating poverty, hunger, disease, illiteracy, environmental degradation and discrimination against
women. Placed at the heart of the global agenda,
they are now called the Millennium Development
Goals (MDGs) and are derived from the agreements
and resolutions of United Nations conferences in
the 1990s.
At the International Conference on Financing
for Development in Monterrey, Mexico on 18-22
March 2002, leaders from both developed and developing countries started to match these commitments with resources and action, signaling a global
deal in which sustained political and economic
reform by developing countries would be matched
by direct support from the developed world in the
form of aid, trade, debt relief and investment.
Goal 1 - Reducing extreme poverty and
hunger by half
This first target refers to halving the proportion of
people living in extreme poverty, with less than one
dollar a day. With the exception of a few countries
like Mauritius, Ethiopia, Gabon, Cape Verde which
have registered remarkable improvement, most
Sub-Saharan African countries will not meet this
goal on current trends. Extreme poverty still
reaches more than 50 per cent of the population in
many of these countries. With regard to hunger, in
Sub-Saharan Africa, progress has been negligible,
partly due to the increase in overall population size,
declining agricultural productivity, malnutrion and
conflicts.
Goal 2 - Achieving universal primary
education
African countries continue to do well on most of the
education targets. Net primary education enrollment has gone up in all countries. The net enrollment target is one that the region as a whole will
attain.. All North African countries have already
reached at least 90 per cent of net primary school
enrolment as well as well as some other countries
of the continent including Benin, Burundi, Madagascar, Rwanda, Uganda and Zambia.

Primary school enrolment should be complemented by indicators of school failures (dropping
out, repeating grades, poor quality of education)
for a better assessment of children who are still
illiterate after schooling.
Goal 3 - Eliminating gender disparity
This goal focuses on gender equality and women's
empowerment in three areas: education, employment and political decision-making. Parity between
girls and boys in primary and secondary school
enrolment should have been reached by 2005,
but gender gaps in education are still serious in
Sub-Saharan Africa. Eliminating gender disparity in
education is the most satisfactory target in primary
school with a satisfactory performance ratio of
more than 70 per cent. Many countries have had
their ratios increase by more than 20 percentage
points, for example, Burkina Faso, Chad, Ethiopia,
The Gambia Ghana and Mauritania. However, a
number of African countries still fall very short on
women’s economic and political participation.
Goal 4 – Reducing child mortality
There has been a decline in under-five mortality
rate in Africa since 1990. The under five mortality
rate has declined by 30 percentage points from 158
death per 1000 live births in 1990 to 129 deaths in
2009. However, HIV/AIDS, low immunization coverage, high neo-natal deaths, and malaria are some
of the factors behind the stagnation and reversal
in the previous gains made in under-five mortality
rates in some countries.

Eliminating
gender disparity
in education is
the most satisfactory target in
primary school
with a satisfactory performance ratio of
more than 70
per cent.

Overall if the current trend continues the continent
as a whole is unlikely to meet the goal of reducing
under-five mortality by the target date. SubSaharan Africa still accounts for half of all deaths
among children under- five. This indicates that SubSaharan African countries need to make concerted
effort to achieve this goal and will require strong
support from the international community.
Goal 5: Improve Maternal Health
Africa continues to have the World’s highest maternal mortality rates, with an average of about 921
deaths per 100,000. Many reasons exist for the visible lack of improvement in maternal health across

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement sur les pays africains 2010

21

Africa, including social-cultural factors, economic
marginalization, and lack of political will. Improving
maternal health is not only important on its own
but it is essential to also improving the health of
children, families and communities.
Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other
major diseases
The goal of halting HIV/AIDS and other major
diseases (malaria, tuberculosis) by 2015 appears
daunting in Africa as these three diseases are
highly concentrated in the poorest countries. AIDS
has become the first cause of premature death
in Sub-Saharan Africa. Tuberculosis is helped by
the emergence of drug-resistant strains and the
vulnerabilities created by HIV/AIDS.
Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability
Reversing the loss of environmental resources,
along with provision of safe water, adequate
sanitation and decent housing are part of goal
7. For access to safe drinking water, despite the
progress registered, coverage remains low, especially in rural areas and urban slums, and much
slower progress has been made in improving basic
sanitation.
Protected areas are the cornerstone of efforts to conserve the world’s species and ecosystems as well as a key component in climate change
mitigation. Despite economic slowdown some
progress can be registered. The democratic Republic of Congo in 2007 has managed to establish
the largest rainforest in the world covering a total
of 9,000 square kilometres.
Deforestation on the other hand continues
unabated. In Africa excluding northern Africa
the forest loss in 2000-2005 was 4.1 percent, although this was an improvement on 1990-2000 at

22

4.4 percent of loss in forest area. In fact in some
countries the proportion of forests is declining by
10 percentage points, for example, in Burkina Faso,
Burundi and Guinea. It is important to note that forestry accounted for 17.4 percent of anthropogenic
greenhouse emissions in 2004 and the reduction in
forestry could play a key role in mitigating climate
change effects. The improvement in protected
areas augurs well for the reduction in biodiversity
loss, although environmental degradation and
rapid urbanization remain serious constraints.
Goal 8: Developing a global partnership for
development
International cooperation and global partnership
is critical for achieving the MDGs. There has been
progress in promoting international cooperation.
Development assistance to Africa rose in 2008 in
spite of the global financial and economic crisis
although still far below of the 0.7 percent commitment by Organization for Economic Cooperation
and Development (OECD) countries.
The recent global financial and economic crisis has further reduced the odds of attaining a fair
trading system as it generated some protectionist
tendencies, especially from developed countries.
In addition, the crisis sent the global financial
system into turmoil. However, the international
community tried to address these concerns during
the various Summits that were convened following
the crisis. In an effort to reinvigorate global trade
and investment, the G20 pledged US$250 billion for
trade finance and vowed to refrain from financial
protectionism. The WTO was tasked to monitor
and report on financial protectionism. Further, the
G20 committed to bringing the Doha Development
Round to a successful and balanced conclusion in
2010.

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators on African Countries 2010

Progrès vers les Objectifs du millénaire
pour le développement
Réunis en septembre 2000 à l’occasion du Sommet
du Millenium, les dirigeants politiques du monde
entier se sont fixés un ensemble d’objectifs mesurables et assortis de délais pour lutter contre la pauvreté, la famine, les maladies, l’analphabétisme, la
dégradation de l’environnement et la discrimination à l’égard des femmes. Placés au centre du
programme d’action mondial, ils sont désormais
appelés les Objectifs du Millénaire pour le Développement (OMD), et dérivés principalement des accords et résolutions des conférences des Nations
Unies tenues au cours des années 90s.
A la conférence internationale sur le financement du développement, organisée du 18 au 22
mars 2002 à Monterrey au Mexique, les dirigeants
des pays développés et en développement,
soucieux de s’acquitter de ces engagements, ont
commencé à allouer des ressources et à prendre
des mesures concrètes, ouvrant ainsi la voie à un
partenariat global en vertu duquel une réforme
soutenue des systèmes politiques et économiques
des pays en développement serait directement
appuyée par les pays développés de diverses
manières: assistance, échanges commerciaux,
allégement de la dette et investissements.
Objectif 1 – Réduire de moitié l’extrême
pauvreté et la famine
Cette première cible se rapporte à la réduction
de moitié de la proportion des personnes vivant
dans l’extrême pauvreté, avec moins d’un dollar
par jour. A l’exception de quelques pays comme
Maurice, Ethiopie, Cap vert qui ont enregistré une
nette amélioration, et sur la base des tendances
actuelles, la plupart des pays d’Afrique Sub-saharienne n’atteindront pas cet objectif. L’extrême
pauvreté atteint toujours plus de 50 pour cent de
la population dans certains pays.
En ce qui concerne la famine en Afrique
Sub-saharienne, des progrès négligeables ont été
réalisés, en partie à cause de l’augmentation de la
taille de la population, de la baisse de la productivité agricole et des conflits.
Objectif 2 – Assurer l’éducation primaire
pour tous
Les pays africains continuent de bien faire dans la

plupart des objectifs de l’éducation .Le taux net de
scolarisation dans l’enseignement primaire a augmenté dans tous les pays. C’est le seul objectif que la
région dans son ensemble pourrait atteindre. Tous
les pays d’Afrique du Nord ont déjà atteint au moins
90 pour cent du taux net de scolarisation primaire
ainsi que d’autres du continent dont le Bénin, le Burundi, Madagascar, Rwanda, Ouganda et Zambie.
L’analyse de la scolarisation au primaire devrait
être complétée par les indicateurs d’échec scolaire
(abandons, redoublants, efficacité du système éducatif) pour mieux représenter les enfants victimes
d’analphabétisme.
Objectif 3 – Promouvoir l’égalité des sexes
et l’autonomisation des femmes
Cet objectif se concentre sur l’égalité entre les
femmes et les hommes et sur le renforcement
de l’autonomie des femmes dans trois secteurs :
l’éducation, l’emploi et la prise de décision politique. La parité entre les filles et les garçons dans
la scolarisation au primaire et au secondaire aurait
dû être atteinte en 2005. Mais les écarts de genre
dans l’éducation sont encore sérieux en Afrique
Sub-saharienne. L’élimination de la disparité de
genre dans l’éducation est la cible la plus réussie au
primaire avec un taux de satisfaction de performance de plus de 70 pour cent. Bon nombre des pays
ont vu leur ratio augmenter de plus de 20 points
en pourcentage. Par exemple, le Burkina Faso, le
Tchad , la Gambie, le Ghana et la Mauritanie
Cependant, dans certains pays africains, la
participation des femmes dans l’économie et la
politique reste très faible.

L’élimination de
la disparité de
genre dans
l’éducation est
la cible la plus
réussie au
primaire avec
un taux de
satisfaction de
performance de
plus de 70 pour
cent.

Objectif 4 : Réduire la mortalité infantile
Une baisse considérable du taux de mortalité de
moins de cinq ans a été enregistrée en Afrique
depuis 1990. Ce taux a diminué de 30 pour cent,
passant de 158 décès pour 1000 naissances
vivantes en 1990 à un taux de 129 pour 1000 en
2009. Toutefois, dans certains pays africains,
le VIH / SIDA, la faible couverture vaccinale, le
niveau élevé des décès néo-nataux, et le paludisme font partie des facteurs à l’origine de la
stagnation et l’inversion des gains antérieurs
réalisés dans les taux de mortalité infantile.
Dans l’ensemble, si la tendance actuelle se pour-

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement sur les pays africains 2010

23

suit le continent dans son ensemble n’est pas en
mesure d’atteindre l’objectif de réduction de la
mortalité de moins de cinq ans à la date butoir.
L’Afrique subsaharienne compte encore la moitié
des décès des enfants de moins de cinq ans.
Cela montre bien que les pays de l’Afrique subsaharienne doivent faire des efforts concertés
pour atteindre cet objectif et ont besoin d’un appui
solide de la communauté internationale.
Objectif 5 : Améliorer la Santé maternelle
L’Afrique continue d’enregistrer les taux de mortalité maternelle les plus élevés dans le monde,
avec une moyenne d’environ 921 décès pour 100
000. Plusieurs raisons expliquent le manque perceptible d’amélioration de la santé maternelle en
Afrique notamment les facteurs socio-culturels,
la marginalisation économique et le manque de
volonté politique L’amélioration de la santé maternelle n’est pas important en soi mais il est essentiel
d’améliorer également la santé des enfants ,des
familles et des communautés.
Objectif 6 – Combattre le VIH/SIDA, le paludisme et d’autres maladies
L’objectif de stopper le VIH/SIDA et d’autres
principales maladies telles que le paludisme, la
tuberculose d’ici 2015 semble difficile, car ces
trois maladies sont fortement concentrées dans
les pays les plus pauvres de l’Afrique. Le SIDA est
devenu la première cause de mortalité prématurée
en Afrique Sub-saharienne. La tuberculose est
confortée par l’émergence de souches résistantes
aux médicaments et la vulnérabilité engendrée par
le VIH / SIDA.
Objectif 7 : Assurer un environnement
durable
Renverser la perte des ressources environnementales, parmi lesquelles la fourniture en eau
potable, d’un système sanitaire approprié et de
logements décents font partie de cet objectif.
Pour l’accès à l’eau potable, la couverture demeure
faible, particulièrement dans les secteurs ruraux
et les bidonvilles, et de progrès très lents ont été
accomplis dans l’amélioration des systèmes sanitaires de base.
Les aires protégées constituent la pierre
angulaire des efforts déployés pour conserver
les espèces et les écosystèmes et l élément clé
dans l’atténuation du changement climatique. En
dépit du ralentissement économique, des progrès
ont été enregistrés. A titre d’exemple, la Répub-

24

lique démocratique du Congo a réussi en 2007 à
aménager la plus grande forêt tropicale au monde
couvrant un total de 9.000 kilomètres carrés.
D’autre part, la déforestation se poursuit
sans relâche. En Afrique, à l’exception de l’Afrique
du Nord, la déforestation a atteint 4,1 pour cent
en 2000-2005, bien que cela constitue une amélioration par rapport à 4,4 pour cent de la perte de
superficie forestière constatée en 1990-2000. En
effet dans certains pays, la superficie des forêts
a été réduite de 10 points en pourcentage, particulièrement au Burkina Faso, au Burundi et en
Guinée. Il est important de noter que la foresterie
a représenté 17,4 pour cent des émissions à effet de serre anthropiques en 2004. La réduction
de la foresterie pourrait jouer un rôle clé dans
l’atténuation des effets du changement climatique.
L’amélioration des aires protégées contribue
pour la réduction de la perte de la biodiversité
.Cependant, la dégradation de l’environnement et
l’urbanisation rapide en constituent les obstacles
majeurs.
Objectif 8 : – Mise en place d’un partenariat
mondial pour le développement
La coopération internationale et le partenariat
mondial sont des éléments essentiels pour atteindre les OMD. Des progrès ont été réalisés dans
la promotion de la coopération internationale
.En effet, l’aide au développement à l’Afrique a
augmenté en 2008 en dépit de la crise financière
et économique mondiale tout en restant bien en
deçà de l’engagement de 0,7 pour cent pris par les
pays membres de l’Organisation de coopération et
développement économiques (OCDE).
La récente crise financière et économique
mondiale a encore réduit les chances de parvenir
à un système commercial équitable. Elle a généré
des tendances protectionnistes, de la part ,en
particulier, des pays développés. En outre, la
crise a conduit le système financier mondial dans
la tourmente. Toutefois, la communauté internationale a tenté de répondre à ces préoccupations
lors des différents sommets qui ont été convoqués suite au déclanchement de la crise. Dans
un effort de relance ducommerce mondial et de
l’investissement, le G20 a promis 250 milliards de
dollars pour le financement du commerce et s’est
engagé à s’abstenir à tout protectionnisme financier. L’OMC a été chargée de veiller et d’élaborer un
rapport sur le protectionnisme financier. En outre,
le G20 s’engage à amener le cycle de Doha à une
conclusion fructueuse et équilibrée en 2010.

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators on African Countries 2010

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
Table 1

Tableau 1
Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger

Eradiquer la pauvreté extrême et la faim
Share of Income or
Prevalence of
undernourishment in
total population /
Prévalence de la
malnutrition dans la
population totale (%)

Consumption Held by

People Living below
$ 1 a day

Poverty Gap at $1 a day

Poorest 20%

Population vivant en
dessous d'1$ par jour

Ecart de pauvreté au
seuil de 1$ par jour

% du revenu/consom.
des 20% les + pauvres

GINI Index

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo,
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Indice de GINI (%)

year

%

year

%

year

%

1992-2007

2000
2000
2003
1994
2003
2006
2001
2001
2003
2003
2004
2005
2006
2002
2002
2000


2005
2005
2003
2006
2003
2002
2005
2003
2007

2005
2004
2006
2000

2007
2003
1993
2005
2004
2000
1987
2005

2003

2000

2001
2000
2006
2000
2005
2004
2004

0.9
54.3
47.3
31.2
56.5
81.3
32.8
20.6
62.4
61.9
46.1
54.1
59.2
23.3
18.8
2.0


39.0
4.8
34.3
30.0
70.1
48.8
19.7
43.4
83.7

67.8
73.9
51.4
21.2

2.5
74.7
49.1
65.9
64.4
76.6
36.0
33.5

53.4

26.2

62.9
88.5
38.7
2.6
51.5
64.3
61.9

2000
2000
2003
1994
2003
2006
2001
2001
2003
2003
2004
2005
2006
2002
2002
2005


2005
2005
2003
2006
2003
2002
2005
2003
2007

2005
2004
2006
2000

2007
2003
2004
2005
2004
2006

2005

2003

2000

2001
2000
2006
2000
2005
2004
2004

1.4
29.9
15.7
11.0
20.3
36.4
10.2
5.9
28.3
25.6
20.8
22.8
25.3
6.8
5.3
0.5


9.6
0.9
12.1
10.5
32.2
16.5
6.1
20.8
40.8

26.5
32.3
18.8
5.7

0.5
35.4
24.6
28.1
29.6
38.2

10.8

20.3

8.2

29.4
46.8
11.4
0.5
19.1
32.8
24.2

1995
2000
2003
1995
2003
2006
2001
2001
2003
2003
2004
2005
2006
2002
2002
2005


2005
2005
2003
2006
2003
2002
2005
2003
2007

2005
2004
2006
2000

2007
2003
1993
2005
2004
2000

2005

2003

2000

2001
2000
2006
2000
2005
2004
1995

6.9
2.0
6.9
3.1
7.0
9.0
5.6
4.5
5.2
6.3
2.6
5.0
5.5
5.0
6.0
9.0


9.3
6.1
4.8
5.2
5.8
7.2
4.7
3.0
6.4

6.2
7.0
6.5
6.2

6.5
5.4
1.5
5.9
5.1
5.3

6.2

6.1

3.1

4.5
7.3
7.6
5.9
6.1
3.6
4.6

35.3

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...
...

2000-02

2004-06

5.0
52.0
22.0
27.0
13.0
62.0
27.0
19.0
44.0
42.0
55.0
26.0
70.0
15.0
38.0


70.0
50.0

29.0
12.0
18.0
29.0
30.0
14.0
43.0

37.0
29.0
12.0
7.0
5.0
5.0
42.0
21.0
32.0
10.0
39.0
8.0
32.0
9.0
51.0


22.0
17.0
36.0
41.0

16.0
45.0
43.0


44.0
19.0
26.0
9.0
63.0
23.0
14.0
41.0
38.0
51.0
21.0
75.0
14.0
31.0


66.0
44.0

29.0
8.0
16.0
31.0
30.0
15.0
38.0

35.0
29.0
10.0
8.0
6.0

37.0
19.0
28.0
8.0
40.0
5.0
25.0
8.0
46.0


20.0
18.0
35.0
37.0

15.0
45.0
39.0

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

.

29.0

29.4

...

.

56.0

57.9

...

.

36.4

32.7

...

...

.

5.1

8.0

...

...

...

.

39.4

36.3

...

...

...

...

.

15.4

12.9

...

...

...

...

.

5.1

8.0

...

...

...

...

...

.

18.1

17.1

...

...

...

...

...

...

.

42.7

41.7

...

...

...

...

...

...

.

15.4

12.9

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

.

47.6

47.6

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

.

33.0

29.2

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

.

21.8

18.7

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

58.6

38.6
61.0
39.6
33.3
44.6
50.5

43.6
39.8
64.3
47.3
44.4

48.4
40.0
32.1

29.8
41.5
47.3
42.8
43.3
35.5
47.7
52.5
52.6

47.2
39.0
39.0
39.0
..
40.9
47.1
74.3
43.9
42.9
46.7

39.2

42.5

57.8

50.7
34.6
34.4
40.8
42.6
50.7
50.1

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

Pays

Région

25

OBJECTIFS DU MILLENNIUM POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT
Table 2

Tableau 2
Expand Primary Education

Etendre l'éducation primaire

Net Primary Enrolment Ratios

% of Cohort Reaching Grade 5

Youth Literacy Rates (% 15-24)

Taux net de scolarisation au primaire

% de la cohorte atteingnant la

Taux d'alphabétisation des jeunes

(percentage/pourcentage)

5ème année d'études

(% of ages 15-24/% des 15-24 ans)

Target/Cible

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Target/Cible

Target/Cible

2003-08

2015

1990

2005-08

2015

1990

2000-07

2015

93
...
52
93
27
51
76
99
53
...
...
...
54
47
32
...
...
...
...
...
51
...
26
...
...
73
...
...
70
50
21
...
95
58
47
87
25
...
66
...
48
...
...
...
...
...
88
51
75
94
...
86
...

95

93
86
60
99

84
59
61

77

56
45
94
53
43
78

69
74
71

82
73


98
91
78
80
93
89
80
89
49
61
96
97
73



87

83
99
83
98
95
95
90

100
...
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
...
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
...
100
100
100
...
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
...
100
...
...
...
100
...
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

79.5
34.7
20.7
89.5
19.5
45.9
53.0
...
26.7
17.9
...
54.3
45.9
43.4
26.9
...
...
...
...
...
...
61.2
17.4
...
...
58.9
...
...
33.3
28.7
12.6
34.1
106.6
48.1
26.4
...
17.6
...
35.4
...
...
...
...
...
75.8
42.0
59.9
62.4
34.9
74.2
...
...
97.2

102.8
...
93.7
100.6
104.3
109.2
100.8
102.6
94.1
82.6
102.2
105.9
98.0
87.8
94.0
100.8

88.6
106.7

101.7

87.9

105.2
126.1


103.2
95.9
93.4
107.6
97.6
99.3
92.5
101.8
92.4
...

91.9
102.6
...
...
...

112.4
115.0
104.6
87.2
100.0
101.1
95.8
...

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
...
...
100
100
...
100
100
...
...
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
...
...
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

77.6
...
44.2
83.3
24.9
51.8
87.4
82.2
52.0
48.0
61.9
92.5
68.9
50.2
73.2
61.4
92.7
60.9
42.2
...
42.2
81.6
...
45.4
89.8
87.0
57.7
91.1
72.2
63.2
45.3
45.8
91.2
55.3
48.8
87.4
17.0
73.5
72.6
...
40.1
...
...
...
88.5
65.1
85.1
62.8
84.1
70.2
83.7
81.0
94.0

92.5
72.2
52.4
94.1
39.3
73.3

97.3
58.5
44.4
89.5

70.4
60.7

84.9
94.9
86.3
49.9
97.0

77.8
46.6

80.3

71.8
98.9
70.2
83.0
38.8
66.4
96.2
75.1
52.9
92.7
36.5
86.7
77.6
95.2
50.9
99.1
54.1

95.4
77.2
94.0
77.5
74.4
95.7
86.3
75.1
91.2

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
...
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
...
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

58.7

80.4

100

49.7

100.8

100

66.5

75.2

100

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

26

Pays

1990

Région
59.3

63.2

100

44.0

96.9

100

69.4

67.0

100

...

87.0

100

49.7

105.8

100

64.6

70.6

100

...

92.9

100

64.8

101.0

100

65.1

85.5

100

64.2

88.5

100

56.3

97.7

100

78.3

80.8

100

38.7

65.2

100

33.2

94.2

100

62.3

72.0

100

78.6

92.1

100

64.8

101.3

100

68.2

86.1

100

58.0

72.7

100

42.2

99.6

100

64.8

75.6

100

61.1

87.8

100

46.0

102.9

100

66.6

74.5

100

38.7

65.2

100

33.2

94.2

100

62.1

72.0

100

56.5

91.3

100

56.5

99.5

100

72.9

77.8

100

71.8

63.2

100

40.9

95.0

100

73.5

54.5

100

39.4

69.5

100

26.0

94.6

100

40.3

49.2

100

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
Table 3

Tableau 3
Improve Gender Equality in Education

Améliorer l'égalité de genre dans l'éducation

Primary /Primaire

Secondary /Secondary

15-24 Year Olds Literacy Female to

Girls to Boys Ratio

Girls to Boys Ratio

Male Ratio/ Ratio d'alphabétisation

Rapport Filles-garcons (%)

Rapport Filles-garcons

des jeunes de 15-24 ans : fille/garçon

Target/Cible

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Target/Cible

Target/Cible

2005-08

2015

1990

2005-08

2015

1990

2000-07

2015

84.5
92.1
50.0
107.1
63.1
83.4
85.8
95.9
63.8
44.6
72.6
88.2
61.9
70.8
70.9
84.6
...
95.7
67.2
...
67.6
83.4
47.3
58.1
96.3
123.0
68.6
94.4
100.1
83.7
57.1
73.9
100.4
68.7
74.9
109.9
56.4
76.0
97.9
...
73.5
...
69.0
52.0
98.0
75.0
95.5
98.3
65.2
88.9
79.7
92.9
98.5

93.6

82.7
98.6
86.7
92.9
85.9
94.0
71.0
69.8
88.1
92.5
81.0
79.0
88.4
94.6
94.9
83.3
87.7

107.4
98.8
85.4

98.5
99.7
89.1
95.2
96.8
103.6
80.2
105.9
100.1
89.7
86.9
99.2
74.9
85.1
101.8
98.2
100.0
98.8
90.0

96.6
85.8
92.6
100.4
86.3
97.3
100.9
97.1
98.9

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

80.2
65.8
41.2
111.7
53.2
57.1
70.1
94.9
41.4
23.3
67.6
69.5
48.0
47.3
65.3
81.0
...
93.3
76.9
...
43.3
64.3
33.6
45.3
73.3
147.8
39.8
103.0
97.0
28.8
47.7
48.1
100.4
73.9
61.9
127.3
42.6
72.8
77.8
...
51.9
...
56.8
53.3
115.5
79.7
99.3
70.7
34.3
80.3
53.9
60.7
87.3

107.6

56.7
104.8
74.1
72.0
79.3
118.3

44.7
75.6

53.1

69.7


70.4
66.9

95.6
88.7
56.5

87.5
127.2

117.1
95.1
83.4
64.0
88.5
99.0
85.5
72.8
117.1
61.1
80.6
89.3
107.1
76.3
113.1
69.0

104.9
92.6
89.3

52.6
110.1
82.8
88.9
92.7

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
...
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

0.79
...
0.41
1.10
0.39
0.77
0.95
0.88
0.60
0.65
0.81
0.95
0.72
0.68
0.78
0.72
0.92
0.68
0.76
...
0.66
0.85
...
0.31
0.93
1.26
0.52
0.84
0.86
0.68
0.68
0.63
1.00
0.62
0.48
1.04
0.37
0.82
0.86
...
0.60
...
...
...
1.00
0.71
1.01
0.87
0.56
0.81
0.76
0.88
0.95

0.96
0.75
0.65
1.03
0.71
0.92

1.01
0.67
0.66
0.94

0.81
0.74
0.93
1.00
0.81
0.62
0.98

0.95
0.57

1.01

1.12
0.98
0.94
0.98
0.65
0.89
1.02
0.79
0.81
1.04
0.44
0.96

1.01
0.77
1.01
0.68

1.02
0.84
1.03
0.97
0.76
0.97
0.95
0.82
0.94

1
...
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1

1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
...
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

81.3

92.0

100

77.2

85.3

100

0.77

0.86

1

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

Pays

1990

Région
67.5

82.5

100

52.4

59.0

100

0.77

0.79

1

85.0

93.3

100

71.6

82.0

100

0.82

0.84

1

82.6

96.1

100

79.6

101.8

100

0.72

0.92

1

94.8

97.3

100

101.0

97.7

100

0.86

1.03

1

73.5

89.2

100

63.4

77.0

100

0.72

0.85

1

80.9

96.3

100

79.9

101.8

100

0.72

0.90

1

84.4

88.9

100

73.0

78.4

100

0.74

0.87

1

83.5

94.0

100

75.6

85.5

100

0.78

0.85

1

73.5

88.5

100

63.4

74.5

100

0.72

0.85

1

87.4

96.5

100

89.3

95.5

100

0.82

0.90

1

74.5

82.8

100

59.4

62.0

100

0.83

0.70

1

64.9

84.2

100

45.4

64.1

100

0.54

0.67

1

27

OBJECTIFS DU MILLENNIUM POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT
Table 4

Tableau 4
Lower Mortality Rates

Baisser les taux de mortalité

Infant Mortality / Mortalité infantile

Under 5 Mortality / Mortalité des < 5 ans

Maternal Mortality

Current Status/statut actuel

Current Status/statut actuel

Mortalité maternelle

(per/pour 1000)

(per/pour 1000)

(per/pour 100000)

Target/Cible

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Target/Cible

Target/Cible

2009

2015

1990

2009

2015

1990-99

2005-07

2015

59
148
116
51
107
122
84
46
110
126
88
64
114
101
116
71
122
98
121
59
112
74
138
136
66
74
138
34
103
136
132
74
21
65
140
61
154
133
125
82
75
...
154
135
50
95
68
100
101
41
100
102
53

29
113
82
34
79
96
85
24
103
128
46
79
115
85
82
33
97
52
76
49
75
72
95
111
62
67
93
17
63
80
104
72
14
29
86
32
85
108
97
71
58

102
107
45
67
62
62
69
19
72
90
54

20
49
39
17
36
41
28
15
37
42
29
21
38
34
39
24
41
33
40
20
37
25
46
45
22
25
46
11
34
45
44
25
7
22
47
20
51
44
42
27
25

51
45
17
32
23
33
34
14
33
34
18

67
257
184
70
207
209
140
59
186
205
125
103
199
151
175
90
213
147
211
96
167
122
231
240
105
108
230
39
169
224
251
130
29
89
242
86
291
230
206
110
156

260
225
68
161
99
169
150
48
170
171
83

31
198
116
48
153
162
141
29
175
208
59
129
195
119
121
39
164
72
126
76
113
115
141
191
100
99
135
19
96
115
185
118
17
34
145
46
165
184
151
93
117

144
176
65
107
94
100
94
21
118
152
88

22
86
61
23
69
70
47
20
62
68
42
34
66
50
58
30
71
49
70
32
56
41
77
80
35
36
77
13
56
75
84
43
10
30
81
29
97
77
69
37
52

87
75
23
54
33
56
50
16
57
57
28

117
1 300
498
...
484
499
...
42
649
900
460
890
...
597
570
96
820
1 400
1 400
500
1 000
740
528
822
570
610
560
220
488
620
580
800
34
228
1 500
220
593
704
2 300
106
510
...
1 800
1 600
150
370
560
530
640
69
550
649
280

180
1 400
397
380
700
480
669
36
980
1 099
400
781
549
543
650
130
680
450
673
520
690
560
980
1 100
560
762
1 200
97
469
984
970
820
23
227
520
268
648
1 100
750
120
401
...
2 100
1 400
110
450
589
578
510
41
435
830
555

29
325
125

121
125

11
162
225
115
223

149
143
24
205
350
350
125
250
185
132
206
143
153
140
55
122
155
145
200
9
57
375
55
148
176
575
27
128

450
400
38
93
140
133
160
17
138
162
70

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

103

80

34

168

130

56

620

683

155

108

109

36

184

184

61

867

646

217

104

72

35

176

141

59

885

723

221

64

32

21

82

37

27

142

137

36

13

10

4

21

117

7

575

619

144
169

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

28

Pays

1990

Région

123

96

41

213

162

71

677

944

58

30

19

74

35

25

181

141

45

104

81

35

169

131

56

521

759

130

98

74

33

158

118

53

630

543

158

124

96

41

214

162

71

678

944

169

101

83

34

167

136

56

567

596

142

96

99

32

158

162

53

867

852

217

114

82

38

203

143

68

563

640

141

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
Table 5

Tableau 5
Enhance Reproductive Health

Rehausser la santé de la reproduction
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Births Attended by Skilled Health Staff

Taux de prévalence contraceptive

Naissances assistées par un personnel de

(% of women ages 15-49/ % des

de santé qualifié (%)

femmes agées de 15 à 49 ans)

2007

2000-04

2005-2008

Year/année

77
23
60
87
31

55
89
46
15
52


47

96
45
66
94
38
25
62

55
5
21


44
44
35
25
44
50

99
47
55
40
40
99
40
44
68
18
42
26

48


32
84
57
56
44
51
81
38
47
73

61
68
61
69
65
28
6
86
55
47
56
35
42
55
51

51
56
41
57
99
63
48
76
16
35
31
76
58

42
25
92
87
74

61
90
39
43

95
47
74

54
34
63
78
53


83
74
57
93
79


6

57
59
38
39


46


54
45

99


81
33

39
81
52

43
33

49
69
43
62

42
47
69

2006
2001
2006
2000
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2004
2000
2007
2007
2006
2006
2008

1995
2005
2000
2001
2006
2005
2006
2003
2004
2007
1995
2004
2006
2006
2001
2002
2004
2003
2006
2006
2003
2005
2006
2005

2005
2006
2003
2006
2007
2005
2006
2001
2006
2007
2006

61.4
6.2
17.0
48.0
17.4
9.1
29.2
61.0
19.0
2.8
25.7
20.6
20.6
12.9
17.8
60.3

8.0
14.7
32.7
17.5
16.7
9.1
10.3
39.3
37.3
11.4
45.2
27.1
41.7
8.2
8.0
75.9
63.0
16.5
55.1
11.2
12.6
17.4
30.3
11.8

5.3
14.6
60.3
7.6
50.6
26.4
16.8
62.6
23.7
40.8
60.2

6
110
37
170
61
53
300
...
91
110
<0.1
43
...
250
9
3
6
21
530
27
5
150
48
9
...
150
19
...
3
490
56
4
4
6
810
110
17
1 400
78
...
38
...
30
7
3 200
170
100
760
69
1
480
560
680

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

47

48

50

n.a.

n.a.

11 279

40

55

71

n.a.

n.a.

577

44

34

30

n.a.

n.a.

2 107

59

74

83

n.a.

n.a.

19

56

61

54

n.a.

n.a.

6 387
2 188

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

Pays

1990-99

44
14
62

Value/Valeur

Number of women
(15+) living with HIV/
Nbre de femmes (+15)
vivant avec le VIH
('000)

Région

41

41

51

n.a.

n.a.

63

79

95

n.a.

n.a.

17

44

48

56

n.a.

n.a.

2 609

50

46

48

n.a.

n.a.

3 181

41

41

51

n.a.

n.a.

2 188

53

61

59

n.a.

n.a.

7 147

40

45

64

n.a.

n.a.

577

39

46

51

n.a.

n.a.

537

29

OBJECTIFS DU MILLENNIUM POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT
Table 6

Tableau 6
Environmental Protection

Protection de l'environnement

Status of National
Environmental
Action Plans

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Statut national des
plans d'action sur
l'environnement

No data
No data
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Being prepared
No data
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
No data
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
No data
No data
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
No data
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
No data
Completed
No data
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Being prepared

% Population with
Access to an Improved
Water Source
% de la population
accèdant aux sources
d'eau potable

Forest Area

Nationally Protected
Areas/Surfaces

Superficie forêstière
nationales protégées
(% of land area/ % ( % of total land area/ %
des terres)
du total des terres)

CO2 Emissions per Capita
Emissions de CO2 par habt
(Metric tons / T. métrique)

2005

1999-2005

2005

2008

85
51
65
96
72
71
70
..
66
48
85
71
46
81
92
98
43
60
42
87
86
80
70
57
57
78
64

47
76
60
60
100
83
42
93
42
47
65
86
77

53
29
93
70
60
55
59
94
64
58
81

1.0
47.4
21.3
21.1
24.8
5.9
45.6
20.7
36.5
9.5
3.0
65.8
58.9
32.7
0.2
0.1
58.2
15.4
13.0
84.5
47.1
24.2
27.4
73.7
6.2
0.3
32.7
0.1
22.1
36.2
10.3
0.3
18.2
9.8
24.5
9.3
1.0
12.2
19.5
28.5
45.0
87.0
38.5
11.4
7.6
28.4
31.5
39.8
7.1
6.8
18.4
57.1
45.3

2.5
6.6
7.0
18.5
10.4
5.7
4.5
0.0
8.2
9.1
0.0
4.5
4.5
6.2
0.4
0.8
0.0
5.0
5.5
2.8
2.3
4.9
0.7
0.0
6.2
0.2
1.3
0.1
1.9
11.3
3.7
1.7
7.70
0.7
6.1
12.9
7.7
3.3
14.7
0.0
11.3
100
1.1
0.3
5.4
3.6
2.0
15.6
7.9
0.3
9.6
8.6
7.9

2.7
1.2
0.3
2.3
0.1
0.1
0.4
0.5
0.1
0.0
0.2
1.6
0.0
0.3
2.4
2.1
8.0
0.2
0.1
3.6
0.2
0.3
0.1
0.3
0.3
0.1
0.2
9.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
1.1
3.3
1.1
0.1
1.3
0.1
0.8
0.1
0.6
0.5
10.7
0.2
0.1
9.1
0.3
0.9
0.1
0.4
2.3
0.1
0.2
0.9

3.1
1.3
0.4
2.5
0.1
0.0
0.4
0.6
0.1
0.0
0.2
1.6
0.0
0.3
2.2
2.0
6.9
0.2
0.1
3.2
0.2
0.3
0.1
0.3
0.3
0.1
0.2
9.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.9
3.60
1.3
0.1
1.5
0.1
0.7
0.1
0.7
0.5
13
0.2
0.1
9.1
0.3
0.9
0.1
0.4
2.2
0.1
0.2
0.9

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

64

21.6

5.2

1.1

1.1

53

44.9

6.0

0.3

0.2

55

22.7

6.0

0.2

0.2

91

1.2

1.3

2.3

2.3

70

28.3

8.1

3.3

3.2

57

14.8

5.4

0.5

0.5

84

1.4

1.4

2.5

2.7

66

9.6

3.5

1.2

1.1

64

32.0

5.4

0.6

0.6

57

14.8

5.4

0.5

0.5

62

37.5

8.3

2.2

2.1

64

34.2

7.1

0.6

0.6

67

12.9

6.5

0.2

0.2

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

30

Pays

2006

Région

INVESTMENT CLIMATE
AND INFRASTRUCTURE
CLIMAT DES AFFAIRES
ET INFRASTRUCTURES

INDICATEURS SUR LE GENRE, LA PAUVRETE ET L'ENVIRONNEMENT
Table 1.1

Tableau 1.1
Mid-Year Population Estimates

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Population estimée en milieu d'année
Female Population

Average Growth Rate, 2009 (%)

Total Population (thousands)

Population féminine

Tx de croissance moyen, 2009

Population totale (milliers)

(as% of total/en% du total)

1970

2000

2009

1970

2000

2009

Total

Female

Male

Femme

Homme

74

140

163

49.2

50.4

50.5

1.79

1.80

4 402

9 902

12 534

49.2

50.2

50.4

2.71

2.78

2.65

52

81

87

50.21

49.64

49.68

0.83

0.78

0.87

2 697

4 228

5 696

51.3

51.6

51.3

1.77

1.76

1.78

3 600

7 394

9 133

50.6

50.5

50.4

1.73

1.71

1.74

22 502

44 872

50 110

50.2

50.8

50.7

1.65

1.66

1.63

14 495

34 904

42 272

50.0

49.7

49.6

2.37

2.36

2.38

454

1 080

1 185

52.5

51.8

51.1

1.67

1.49

1.87

13 598

34 131

43 739

50.8

50.4

50.1

2.89

2.85

2.93

2 138

5 247

6 619

50.8

50.6

50.5

2.79

2.78

2.80

5 127

9 452

10 272

50.5

49.5

49.7

1.18

1.21

1.16

9 442

24 433

32 710

50.3

50.1

49.9

3.28

3.24

3.31

4 265

10 467

12 935

50.3

50.3

50.1

2.62

2.61

2.64

5 203

12 455

12 523

50.1

51.1

51.7

0.95

1.09

0.80

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

363 589
35 132
91 864
72 518
62 734
101 341
37 328
197 051
154 644
101 268
96 529
14 534
29 501

819 914
83 694
219 621
143 337
136 178
237 084
76 808
438 562
354 441
236 943
219 738
33 006
73 453

1008 357
107 005
275 483
169 870
160 509
295 491
86 870
543 409
440 870
295 328
269 171
40 984
93 896

50.4
51.2
50.4
50.1
50.5
50.3
50.3
50.2
50.4
50.3
50.8
50.7
49.9

50.2
50.5
50.3
49.7
50.9
50.0
49.8
50.0
50.2
50.0
50.7
50.4
49.9

50.1
50.3
50.2
49.8
50.7
49.9
49.9
49.9
50.1
49.9
50.6
50.2
49.9

2.45
2.94
2.73
1.72
2.19
2.63
1.53
2.38
2.55
2.63
2.52
2.66
2.88

2.43
2.88
2.69
1.76
2.19
2.58
1.60
2.36
2.53
2.58
2.49
2.60
2.88

2.44
2.91
2.71
1.74
2.19
2.60
1.57
2.37
2.54
2.60
2.51
2.63
2.88

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

13 746

30 506

34 895

51.1

49.5

49.5

1.71

1.70

1.72

6 083

14 280

18 498

50.9

50.7

50.7

2.94

2.94

2.95

2 828

6 659

8 935

52.2

50.1

49.5

3.33

3.18

3.48

701

1 723

1 950

52.0

50.5

50.0

1.95

1.86

2.03

5 449

11 676

15 757

49.8

50.5

50.1

3.10

3.03

3.18

3 514

6 473

8 303

51.9

51.5

51.0

2.02

1.99

2.05

6 838

15 865

19 522

50.6

50.2

50.0

2.49

2.46

2.52

267

439

506

52.4

52.5

52.2

1.89

1.80

2.00

1 871

3 746

4 422

50.9

50.9

50.9

2.19

2.19

2.20

3 682

8 402

11 206

50.8

50.4

50.3

3.25

3.22

3.28

275

552

676

50.1

49.9

49.8

2.31

2.30

2.33
2.19

1 323

3 036

3 683

50.5

50.2

50.1

2.18

2.16

20 598

50 829

66 020

51.6

50.6

50.4

3.09

3.06

3.13

5 310

17 281

21 075

48.4

48.5

49.1

2.74

2.85

2.64
2.32

162

730

864

50.4

50.1

50.0

2.31

2.29

35 190

70 174

82 999

49.9

49.6

49.7

1.92

1.93

1.92

291

529

676

51.0

50.5

50.4

3.09

3.05

3.13
2.54

1 847

3 657

5 073

50.3

51.1

50.8

2.53

2.51

29 831

65 515

82 825

50.4

50.3

50.3

2.88

2.87

2.89

529

1 233

1 475

51.1

50.4

50.0

2.48

2.43

2.52
3.47

482

1 302

1 705

50.9

50.5

50.4

3.45

3.43

9 059

19 529

23 837

49.5

49.4

49.3

2.48

2.47

2.49

3 819

8 384

10 069

50.0

49.5

49.5

2.63

2.62

2.64
2.43

584

1 304

1 611

50.7

50.5

50.5

2.42

2.41

11 273

31 441

39 802

50.1

50.2

50.0

2.83

2.81

2.85

1 033

1 889

2 067

53.8

53.2

52.8

1.35

1.27

1.44

1 387

2 824

3 955

50.7

50.5

50.3

3.22

3.18

3.25

1 994

5 346

6 420

47.6

47.9

48.3

2.05

2.17

1.94

6 930

15 275

19 625

49.3

50.1

50.2

2.96

2.99

2.93

4 518

11 831

15 263

51.9

50.5

50.3

2.55

2.50

2.61

4 866

10 523

13 010

49.5

50.6

50.6

2.17

2.20

2.14

1 150

2 604

3 291

50.0

49.5

49.3

2.69

2.64

2.74
1.02

826

1 195

1 288

50.0

50.3

50.4

1.05

1.08

15 310

28 827

31 993

49.9

50.5

50.9

1.35

1.43

1.27

9 448

18 249

22 894

51.1

52.0

51.4

2.80

2.71

2.90

772

1 824

2 171

50.7

51.0

50.7

2.27

2.22

2.32

4 217

11 031

15 290

50.7

50.0

49.9

3.53

3.45

3.62

53 764

124 842

154 729

50.6

50.1

49.9

2.47

2.43

2.51

3 776

7 958

9 998

50.6

52.0

51.6

1.78

1.77

1.79
1.79

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

32

Pays

Région

GENDER, POVERTY AND ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS
Table 1.2

Tableau 1.2
Fertility Rates

Taux de fécondité

% Women of Childbearing Age

Age-Specific Fertility Rate, 15-19

Total Fertility Rate

15-49 years / % des femmes de

years / Fécondité des femmes de

Indice synthétique de fécondité

15- 49 ans capables de procréer

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

15-19 ans (per/pour 1000)
1995-2000

2000-2005

(per woman/par femme)

2005-2010

1997

2000

2009

7.3

3.01

2.62

2.34

123.7

6.96

6.83

5.64

2000

2009

25.5

26.9

28.9

11.8

8.5

22.4

22.6

23.5

145.8

140.2

22.4

22.4

23.0

123.7

117.5

111.8

6.20

5.97

5.38

25.3

26.1

26.7

73.3

61.2

52.1

3.75

3.41

2.82

22.9

23.1

23.1

138.8

136.8

130.9

6.43

6.26

5.84

22.9

23.2

26.2

40.1

28.6

18.6

6.12

5.77

4.45

22.8

23.3

24.1

143.8

136.5

127.5

5.18

4.98

4.54

23.8

24.9

27.3

107.5

101.6

94.9

4.17

3.73

2.66

23.5

23.7

24.3

134.4

122.5

106.6

5.55

5.45

4.70

22.3

22.4

22.5

193.4

189.6

164.4

6.63

6.61

6.08

24.3

25.4

25.6

56.4

50.4

45.7

4.54

4.32

3.89

23.2

23.3

24.2

126.5

128.7

112.8

4.91

4.83

4.27

21.6

21.7

22.5

242.0

230.6

201.4

7.07

6.91

5.91

22.4

22.9

23.3

136.7

135.5

129.9

5.37

5.16

4.51

23.9

24.4

26.2

31.1

28.9

23.0

5.20

4.80

3.79

24.3

25.0

26.4

53.3

48.5

39.0

3.49

3.32

2.82

23.6

23.7

24.3

133.9

128.8

122.8

5.87

5.77

5.28

22.9

23.6

25.3

97.3

80.7

66.9

5.71

5.43

4.53

22.3

22.3

23.3

111.5

106.8

104.4

6.56

6.17

5.21

23.3

23.9

25.6

130.1

107.1

89.9

4.47

4.05

3.24

23.4

23.4

23.8

129.0

107.6

88.1

5.83

5.64

4.97

23.4

23.8

24.8

90.8

76.2

64.0

4.91

4.68

4.22

22.3

22.4

22.9

176.1

168.0

152.3

6.23

5.99

5.33

24.0

23.7

23.0

128.1

129.2

129.2

5.91

5.88

5.66

23.6

24.0

24.1

105.7

104.2

103.5

5.10

5.00

4.86

24.8

25.4

25.9

94.0

89.6

73.5

4.39

4.09

3.26

23.2

23.3

23.7

151.9

144.8

141.6

6.11

5.86

5.01

25.6

27.1

27.5

4.9

3.9

3.2

3.43

3.19

2.64

23.0

22.9

23.7

155.1

149.5

132.8

5.84

5.55

4.62

23.2

22.8

22.4

162.8

158.9

135.2

6.47

6.25

5.46

23.0

23.3

24.3

168.9

164.8

162.9

6.01

5.82

5.41

23.5

23.8

24.8

99.3

94.5

90.0

5.33

5.09

4.39

27.9

27.8

27.3

39.1

38.0

39.3

2.09

1.97

1.79

26.2

27.2

28.5

32.2

20.3

18.9

3.02

2.70

2.33

24.8

24.6

23.9

117.1

176.4

149.2

5.88

5.69

4.97

24.8

25.1

26.0

90.4

81.7

74.4

4.35

4.03

3.29

22.1

22.0

21.6

222.1

215.6

157.4

7.63

7.50

7.07

22.9

23.2

23.6

139.2

130.5

126.6

6.09

5.86

5.17

23.4

24.3

25.3

56.1

43.7

36.7

5.92

5.88

5.33

23.2

24.1

24.7

94.6

80.0

66.1

4.83

4.58

3.72

22.6

23.1

24.5

113.7

105.8

104.4

5.96

5.60

4.89

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

25.1

25.3

25.0

145.5

135.4

126.0

5.44

5.39

5.17

23.9

23.6

23.0

72.5

71.9

70.1

6.49

6.51

6.35

26.8

27.2

27.1

80.6

70.7

59.2

2.98

2.87

2.51

23.3

23.5

24.5

85.5

69.1

56.8

5.46

5.13

4.06

23.8

24.5

25.6

109.4

102.4

83.9

4.57

4.22

3.45

23.0

23.0

22.8

133.3

132.0

130.4

5.78

5.69

5.52

23.3

23.7

24.8

93.3

78.3

64.8

5.45

5.10

4.17

26.1

27.2

28.8

8.4

7.2

6.9

2.38

2.09

1.84

21.3

21.2

21.6

191.0

171.5

150.0

6.96

6.84

6.25

23.0

22.8

22.1

143.1

160.3

141.8

6.20

6.16

5.74

24.2

24.9

25.5

106.3

75.2

64.6

4.12

3.86

3.36

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

23.6
22.1
22.8
25.1
24.8
22.9
25.8
23.6
23.1
22.9
23.9
22.8
22.7

23.9
22.3
22.9
26.0
25.0
23.2
27.0
24.0
23.3
23.2
24.0
23.1
22.9

24.6
24.0
23.6
27.5
24.9
23.7
28.5
24.7
24.4
23.7
24.5
24.0
23.4

115.2
206.4
112.8
36.1
114.7
138.8
21.2
105.4
119.3
138.8
145.1
152.6
146.5

109.2
196.7
104.5
30.7
115.4
130.9
15.1
98.3
110.4
130.9
144.0
146.3
141.7

104.0
175.2
99.4
26.5
103.5
123.2
14.6
94.3
103.8
123.2
132.2
132.4
129.2

5.27
6.45
6.01
3.24
4.70
5.99
3.03
5.13
5.50
5.99
5.36
5.53
6.13

5.06
6.30
5.78
2.98
4.55
5.76
2.70
4.92
5.28
5.76
5.21
5.40
5.91

4.41
4.58
5.13
2.58
4.01
5.15
2.37
4.38
4.39
5.15
4.34
4.53
5.37

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

Pays

1997

Région

33

INDICATEURS SUR LE GENRE, LA PAUVRETE ET L'ENVIRONNEMENT
Table 1.3

Tableau 1.3
Reproductive Health

Santé de la reproduction

Woman (+15) / Femmes (+15)
Living with
Pregnant with

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Births Attended by Trained

Maternal Mortality Rates

HIV-AIDS / avec

Anaemia/ En-

Health Staff /Naissances assistées

Taux de mortalité maternelle

le VIH/SIDA ('000)

ceintes anémiées (%)

d'un personnel santé qualifié (%)

2001

2007

2000-07

(per /pour 100000)

1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

1990-99

2000-04

2005-07

150

100

...

71

74

74

560

220

589

1 300

760

59

36

46

43

530

578

578

130

69

48

50

61

62

640

570

510

...

1

38

83

88

...

69

50

41

510

480

30

38

43

42

550

880

435

1 000

560

35

47

45

47

649

729

830

2 000

680

27

73

84

69

280

1 100

555

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

40.3
...
...
33.9
39.4
43.6
42.4
36.6
34.1
43.4
43.3
45.5
41.1

45
46
42
61
56
41
65
49
44
41
48
46
36

48
57
33
79
59
43
79
46
45
43
58
49
50

50
71
30
83
54
49
95
55
48
49
59
64
51

620
867
885
142
575
677
181
521
630
678
567
867
563

614
1 129
680
121
548
766
161
543
645
766
714
893
728

683
646
723
137
619
944
141
759
543
944
596
852
640

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

13

6

42

77

95

95

117

100

180

320

110

29

23

23

47

1 300

1 850

1 400

110

37

41

60

73

74

498

...

397

300

170

...

96

94

...

...

190

380

380

61

24

31

57

54

484

1 000

700

330

53

68

19

22

34

499

479

480

860

300

44

59

62

63

...

669

669

...

...

48

89

89

78

42

38

36

220

91

67

46

44

53

649

1 350

980

130

110

37

24

21

...

900

1 099

1 099

...

<0.1

...

52

62

...

460

381

400

99

43

...

50

72

83

890

1 100

781

1 100
690

...

...

...

61

74

...

1 289

549

250

34

47

68

57

597

690

543

...

9

40

...

73

93

570

546

650

8

3

24

58

80

79

96

75

130
680

6

6

...

5

65

...

820

880

49

21

...

21

28

...

1 400

630

450

1 900

530

42

8

10

6

1 400

871

673

...

27

...

80

86

...

500

519

520

8

5

80

44

55

57

1 000

730

690

330

150

64

44

48

50

740

586

560

...

48

...

55

56

38

528

390

980

16

9

74

18

27

39

822

1 100

1 100

...

2 300

...

35

43

42

330

150

7

50

55

570

414

560

610

762

762

...

19

78

70

89

7

...

47

94

...

46

560

578

1 200

...

220

97

21

3

...

47

51

97

...

488

469

469

780

490

55

55

56

54

620

984

984

100

56

58

24

50

45

580

582

970
820

...

4

24

58

57

...

800

747

0.7

4

29

100

99

99

34

20

23

13

6

45

43

63

...

228

227

227

1 000

810

58

44

48

...

1 500

175

520

200

110

16

60

88

81

220

271

268

...

17

57

17

16

33

593

700

648

1400

41

42

35

...

704

800

1 100

430

78

...

31

35

39

2 300

1 071

750

...

...

...

52

79

81

106

120

120

24

38

26

47

41

52

510

690

401

...

...

...

47

...

...

...

...

...

150

30

31

33

80

43

1 800

2 000

2 100
1 400

3 200

7

...

34

25

33

1 600

...

4 700

43

3200

37

84

92

...

150

110

110

410

170

36

82

57

49

370

509

450

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

34

Pays

Région
25 667
3 175
6 124
451
10 780
5 138
33
3 768
11 509
5 138
13 181
1 315
1 450

11 279
577
1 937
19
6 387
2 188
17
2 609
3 181
2 188
7 147
577
537

GENDER, POVERTY AND ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS
Table 1.4

Tableau 1.4
Contraceptive Use by Method

Usage des contraceptifs par méthode

(% of reproductive age)

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

(% of reproductive age)

No

Any

Modern

Other

Latest year

Method

Method

Methods

Modern

Traditional

Année

Sans

Toutes les

Méhodes

Pill

IUD

Condom

Sterilization

Autres

Tradi-

d'enquête

Méthode

Méthodes

modernes

Pilule

DIU

Préservatif

Stérilisation

modernes

tionnelle

2006

38.6

61.4

52.0

45.9

2.3

2.3

1.1

0.3

9.4

2001

93.8

6.2

4.5

2.2

0.4

0.3

0.1

0.1

1.7

2006

81.4

17.0

5.9

1.5

0.6

1.1

0.3

0.0

11.1

2000

55.6

44.4

42.1

14.3

1.7

15.5

1.2

0.6

2.3

2006

86.2

17.4

13.3

4.6

0.1

1.4

0.1

0.0

4.1

2002

84.3

19.7

8.5

2.4

0.8

0.5

0.1

0.0

11.2

2006

74.0

29.2

12.0

1.9

0.3

6.5

0.4

0.1

17.2

2005

69.2

61.3

46.0

...

...

...

..

..

..

2006

80.9

19.0

8.6

4.4

0.1

3.5

0.3

0.0

10.5

2004

97.2

2.8

1.7

0.5

0.0

0.4

0.2

0.1

1.1

2000

74.3

25.7

19.3

8.3

0.4

0.7

0.7

0.0

6.4

2005

55.7

44.3

12.7

2.3

0.1

8.9

0.2

0.1

31.6

2007

68.6

20.6

5.8

1.0

0.2

3.4

0.8

0.1

14.9

2006

88.4

12.9

8.0

5.5

0.4

1.0

..

0.5

4.9

2006

82.2

17.8

17.1

13.6

0.4

0.2

0.4

0.0

0.7

2008

40.8

60.3

57.6

11.9

36.1

0.7

1.0

0.0

2.7

2000

...

10.1

6.1

1.5

...

0.4

0.5

0.2

4.0

2002

92.0

8.0

5.1

1.4

0.4

0.6

0.2

0.0

2.9

2005

85.3

14.7

13.7

3.1

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.0

1.0

2000

67.3

32.7

11.8

4.8

0.1

5.1

1.0

0.3

21.0

2001

90.4

17.5

12.7

6.5

1.4

0.5

0.7

0.0

2.4

2008

74.8

23.5

16.6

4.7

0.2

2.4

1.6

0.1

6.9

2005

90.9

9.1

4.0

1.6

0.1

1.1

0.2

0.0

5.1

2006

92.4

10.3

6.1

1.3

2.9

0.7

0.3

0.1

4.2
7.8

2003

60.7

39.3

31.5

7.5

2.4

1.2

4.3

0.0

2004

62.7

37.3

35.2

10.9

2.1

4.8

2.7

0.0

2.1

2007

93.6

11.4

10.3

3.8

0.2

1.6

0.6

0.0

1.2

1995

54.9

45.2

25.7

9.6

11.2

...

..

4.9

19.6

2004

72.9

27.1

16.7

3.4

0.6

1.0

1.1

0.0

10.4

2006

58.3

41.0

38.4

2.4

0.3

1.5

4.4

0.0

2.6

2006

91.9

8.2

6.3

2.9

0.1

0.4

0.3

0.0

1.9

2007

92.0

9.3

8.0

5.7

0.3

0.4

0.1

0.4

1.3

2002

24.1

75.8

39.3

16.0

1.4

8.9

8.9

0.0

36.5

2004

37.0

63.0

52.0

40.1

5.4

1.5

2.7

0.0

11.0

2004

83.5

16.5

11.8

4.9

0.1

1.1

0.9

0.0

4.7

2007

56.1

55.1

53.5

8.6

1.4

10.6

10.3

0.1

1.6

2006

88.8

11.2

5.0

3.0

0.1

0.0

0.3

0.0

6.2

2007

87.4

14.7

9.1

2.5

0.9

1.6

0.2

0.0

5.5

2008

82.6

36.4

26.1

6.4

0.2

1.9

0.7

0.0

10.3

2000

70.7

29.3

27.4

16.7

1.4

0.1

0.4

0.1

1.9

2005

88.2

11.8

10.0

3.6

0.5

1.5

0.5

0.0

1.8

...

...

...

...

...

...

6.0

2.3

0.2

0.6

0.0

0.0

2.1

...

...

...

2008

94.7

8.2

2006

92.1

14.6

1.2

0.8

0.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

13.4

2003

39.7

60.3

60.3

11.1

1.0

4.7

14.4

0.0

0.0

2006

92.4

7.6

5.7

4.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.0

1.9

2007

54.0

50.6

46.8

9.9

1.4

12.2

5.8

0.1

3.8

2005

73.6

26.4

19.5

5.9

0.2

2.0

2.6

0.0

6.9

2006

74.3

16.8

11.1

2.0

0.2

3.8

0.3

0.1

5.7

2006

39.8

60.2

51.5

14.5

27.8

1.3

5.6

0.3

8.7

2006

76.3

23.7

17.9

2.9

0.2

1.7

2.4

0.0

5.8

2007

65.8

40.8

26.5

11.9

0.1

4.7

1.9

0.1

14.3

2006

39.8

60.2

57.9

43.0

0.3

1.4

2.0

0.0

2.3

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

Pays
Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

Région
Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

35

INDICATEURS SUR LE GENRE, LA PAUVRETE ET L'ENVIRONNEMENT
Table 1.5

Tableau 1.5
Contraceptive Use by Age-Group

Usage des contraceptifs par groupe d'âges

(% of married women)

(% des femmes mariées)

Total
Latest year

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Age Group / Groupes d'Age

15-49 years

15-19

20-24

25-29

30-34

35-39

40-44

45-49

Année Total d'âge

years/

years/

years/

years/

years/

years/

years/

d'enquête

15-49 ans

Ans

Ans

Ans

Ans

Ans

Ans

Ans

2006

61.4

20.0

43.2

58.1

67.0

69.1

68.9

49.0

2001

6.2

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

2006

18.6

7.9

14.6

16.3

19.8

20.7

20.0

12.6

2000

44.4

17.2

25.8

37.1

35.6

38.3

36.1

16.7

2003

13.8

6.8

14.7

15.5

16.4

14.2

14.5

9.1

2002

15.7

4.3

9.1

9.6

10.2

7.1

8.0

6.1

2004

26.0

23.6

26.4

25.7

23.8

30.8

29.0

21.3

2006

30.8

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

2006

19.1

19.3

23.0

21.4

19.4

15.5

15.3

6.5

2004

2.8

2.2

3.1

3.6

3.4

1.8

2.3

1.5

2000

25.7

10.5

23.1

23.1

21.4

23.1

21.4

14.0

2005

44.3

37.2

48.9

52.7

44.9

43.5

35.8

24.7

2001

31.4

2.8

6.4

12.6

9.1

7.5

4.3

2.1

2002

11.6

10.7

13.9

18.4

15.6

13.1

21.5

8.3

2006

17.8

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

2005

59.2

26.3

44.7

57.4

69.0

73.3

70.1

47.8

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

2002

8.0

3.3

9.5

8.9

8.7

10.5

9.1

3.0

2005

14.7

8.9

16.7

16.9

14.4

17.2

14.2

8.1

2000

32.7

40.1

37.4

38.2

34.6

28.6

22.7

15.9

2000

9.6

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

2003

25.2

8.4

22.8

25.8

29.7

28.1

28.7

16.0

2005

9.1

8.8

10.7

10.3

9.2

9.1

9.1

5.3

2000

7.6

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

2003

39.3

16.4

27.8

40.7

45.0

50.1

47.9

38.4

2004

37.3

14.7

34.1

42.7

49.5

42.5

37.1

26.1

1986

6.4

2.1

5.4

7.7

8.1

5.2

8.3

8.0

1995

45.1

16.7

35.6

44.9

51.3

50.6

48.9

31.4

2004

27.1

12.7

24.8

29.0

31.2

29.5

31.6

21.5

2006

41.7

24.1

42.5

46.7

44.2

43.5

43.5

32.8

2001

8.1

4.6

5.9

6.1

9.1

8.2

8.1

3.3

2001

8.0

5.2

6.9

8.0

10.3

11.8

6.2

2.9

2002

75.9

46.3

65.5

71.5

79.9

81.3

73.2

2004

63.0

38.4

57.8

62.8

69.6

71.1

68.0

50.1

2003

16.5

11.0

15.4

16.2

17.5

20.1

22.2

11.7

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

2006

11.2

4.3

12.7

13.6

13.1

11.9

10.1

9.3

2003

12.6

4.3

9.4

16.1

13.6

16.3

15.1

8.9

2005

17.4

3.2

12.7

17.3

20.3

20.4

19.7

14.1

2000

29.3

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

2005

11.8

5.0

8.4

10.3

15.0

17.2

15.6

10.4

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

2005

5.3

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

1999

7.9

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

2003

60.3

49.4

53.8

59.7

61.0

59.0

55.2

43.3

2006

7.6

6.8

6.8

6.8

10.3

10.3

10.3

10.3

2002

46.0

5.9

18.9

20.9

23.3

21.2

16.3

16.8

2004

26.4

9.6

25.5

31.2

30.6

29.9

23.4

21.8

2000

25.7

15.0

23.6

24.3

26.4

22.2

27.2

17.7

2006

60.2

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

2006

23.7

11.4

21.7

23.8

27.2

25.1

28.6

22.8

2002

34.2

16.9

24.6

28.3

27.9

31.2

30.0

17.8

2006

60.2

42.1

53.7

60.9

58.2

56.8

46.4

39.4

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

36

Pays
Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

Région
Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

GENDER, POVERTY AND ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS
Table 1.6

Tableau 1.6
Life Expectancy (years)

Espérance de vie (années)

Life Expectancy at Birth

Healthy Life Expectancy, 2002-07

Espérance de vie à la naissance
Total / Totale

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Male / Hommes

Espérance de vie de bonne santé
Female / Femmes

Total

Male

Female
Femmes

2009

1990

2009

1990

2009

Totale

Hommes

67.0

72.7

65.9

71.2

68.3

74.1

63.0

59.7

61.6

42.0

47.6

40.2

45.6

43.8

49.6

47.0

31.6

53.8

61.9

52.5

60.7

55.0

63.0

50.0

43.4

64.2

55.1

61.9

55.1

66.4

54.8

48.0

36.0

47.4

53.4

46.6

52.0

48.2

54.7

43.0

34.9

46.4

50.9

44.7

49.4

48.0

52.4

43.0

33.4

55.1

51.4

53.5

50.8

56.7

51.9

45.0

41.1

65.9

71.7

63.3

68.7

68.3

74.1

64.0

58.8

49.3

47.4

46.8

45.9

51.9

48.8

42.0

37.0

51.2

49.0

49.5

47.7

53.1

50.2

40.0

39.7

56.4

65.8

54.5

63.6

58.4

68.1

58.0

53.9

59.3

53.7

57.4

52.8

61.2

54.7

49.0

45.3

47.8

47.8

46.0

46.2

49.6

49.4

46.0

35.0

57.3

57.9

55.6

56.7

59.5

59.3

48.0

37.6

50.8

55.8

49.4

54.4

52.4

57.2

50.0

42.5

62.9

70.3

61.6

68.6

64.3

72.2

62.0

57.8

46.7

50.6

45.2

49.5

48.4

51.8

46.0

44.7

48.1

60.0

46.0

57.6

50.3

62.2

56.0

49.3

47.0

55.7

45.5

54.3

48.5

57.1

51.0

40.7

61.1

60.9

59.4

59.6

62.9

62.1

53.0

50.2

51.2

56.3

49.8

54.6

52.7

58.0

53.0

48.5

57.2

56.8

56.3

55.9

58.4

57.7

50.0

49.2

48.3

58.4

46.9

56.4

49.7

60.4

48.0

43.9

43.8

48.2

42.4

46.7

45.3

49.8

43.0

39.6

59.8

54.9

57.9

54.5

61.8

55.3

48.0

44.1

59.3

45.6

57.4

45.0

61.0

45.7

41.0

29.6

48.5

58.7

46.7

57.3

50.4

60.1

49.0

33.6

67.8

74.3

65.8

72.0

70.5

77.2

66.0

62.3

50.8

60.8

49.7

59.2

52.1

62.5

53.0

47.3

49.3

53.9

48.1

52.9

50.5

54.7

44.0

35.0

43.0

48.8

42.5

48.1

43.5

49.5

43.0

37.5

55.7

57.0

53.9

55.0

57.4

59.0

52.0

42.8

69.2

72.1

65.5

68.5

72.9

75.8

65.0

60.3

64.1

71.6

62.3

69.4

66.1

73.9

63.0

59.5

43.4

48.1

41.8

47.4

44.9

48.8

42.0

36.3

62.2

61.7

60.2

60.8

64.2

62.4

53.0

42.9

41.6

51.9

41.3

51.1

41.9

52.9

45.0

35.8

44.6

48.2

43.5

47.6

45.7

48.7

42.0

41.3

32.7

50.7

30.8

48.8

34.7

52.5

44.0

36.4

62.3

65.9

60.8

63.9

63.6

67.7

54.0

54.2

52.0

55.9

50.8

54.4

53.4

57.5

52.0

47.1

65.0

57.4

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe
Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

40.0

47.9

38.3

46.7

41.7

49.2

37.0

27.2

44.5

50.1

43.0

48.7

46.1

51.5

46.0

36.1

61.4

51.7

57.8

50.3

65.2

53.1

48.0

43.3

52.5

58.5

51.1

57.0

54.1

60.1

50.0

47.2

60.5

46.4

58.3

47.1

62.6

45.5

42.0

33.2

50.9

56.3

49.0

55.5

52.7

57.1

45.0

40.0

57.7

62.9

55.7

61.2

59.9

64.6

52.0

43.5

68.6

74.2

66.9

72.1

70.6

76.3

67.0

61.3

47.9

53.5

46.1

52.8

49.8

54.1

44.0

41.7

51.1

46.4

49.4

45.8

52.8

46.9

40.0

34.8

60.8

45.7

57.5

45.3

64.3

45.6

38.0

33.8

35.1
44.5
35.4
36.3
36.8
41.8
62.9
37.7
41.7
55.3
47.3
39.1
41.3
43.2
60.2
46.3
50.8
41.7
52.6
50.5
50.3
45.6
41.5
44.8
33.2
37.0
65.0
49.9
34.8
38.3
46.3
64.6
60.9
37.5
43.8
35.2
41.8
40.2
54.7
48.9
64.9
29.9
37.5
45.3
49.9
35.2
40.7
45.7
63.6
43.7
35.0
33.3

52.7
50.3
49.7
64.4
54.2
47.4
65.8
53.2
53.2
47.4
52.3
54.0
50.0

55.7
49.0
55.4
71.2
51.4
51.7
72.0
57.2
57.1
51.7
51.3
50.8
55.2

51.1
48.5
48.1
63.0
51.8
46.4
64.3
51.9
51.6
46.3
50.1
52.2
49.0

54.5
47.6
54.3
69.4
50.2
50.9
70.1
56.0
55.8
50.9
50.1
49.9
54.1

54.3
52.1
51.4
66.0
56.7
48.6
67.6
54.6
54.8
48.6
54.5
55.8
51.1

56.8
50.3
56.6
73.1
52.4
52.6
73.9
58.4
58.4
52.6
52.4
51.7
56.4

48.9
45.2
48.1
62.7
45.9
44.5
63.3
49.8
50.6
44.5
45.8
44.0
46.9

43.7
37.4
41.9
58.6
39.1
41.1
59.4
46.2
44.2
41.1
38.3
41.1
39.1

45.3
40.4
43.4
60.8
40.7
42.2
61.3
47.7
46.2
42.2
40.3
42.3
40.8

...

...

...

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

Pays

1990

Région

37

INDICATEURS SUR LE GENRE, LA PAUVRETE ET L'ENVIRONNEMENT
Table 1.7

Tableau 1.7
Infant Mortality Rates (per 1,000 )

Total/Totale

Taux de mortalité infantile (pour 1000)

Male / Hommes
%

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

1975

Female / Femmes
%

2009

reduction

1975

118.9

29.3

75.4

166.2

113.5

31.7

%

2009

reduction

1975

2009

reduction

120.1

38.1

68.3

180.2

135.5

24.8

111.9

19.8

82.3

154.6

120.6

22.0

181.5

102.2

43.7

212.5

172.0

19.1

184.5

144.3

151.6

107.3

29.2

162.6

107.3

34.0

139.6

117.5

15.8

74.1

45.3

38.9

80.2

43.1

46.3

66.2

42.3

36.1

117.0

67.0

42.7

131.5

70.1

46.7

115.1

54.0

53.1

116.0

61.8

46.7

125.7

74.5

40.8

102.7

56.2

45.3

112.8

61.6

45.3

121.1

99.3

18.0

103.2

39.3

61.9

122.6

69.5

43.3

133.4

76.4

42.7

118.2

95.4

19.3

103.7

19.0

81.7

102.8

21.0

79.6

97.6

16.6

83.0

103.1

71.7

30.4

112.1

79.8

28.8

97.1

67.2

30.7

102.9

89.7

12.8

110.9

99.0

10.7

94.8

77.3

18.5

78.8

53.9

31.6

83.9

55.0

34.4

71.3

54.5

23.6

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

125.6
121.8
120.5
121.0
112.3
142.7
111.1
131.7
122.1
142.8
114.2
122.8
153.7

80.0
109.4
72.0
31.6
9.5
95.8
29.7
80.8
74.3
95.8
83.4
99.3
82.5

36.3
10.2
40.3
73.9
91.5
32.9
73.3
38.6
39.1
32.9
27.0
19.1
46.3

134.0
131.2
129.6
126.4
120.5
152.3
116.1
209.2
126.5
152.3
132.2
132.3
162.3

82.0
109.9
86.3
36.0
11.5
80.1
37.3
71.9
83.0
80.1
99.7
92.0
93.5

38.8
16.2
33.4
71.5
90.5
47.4
67.8
65.6
34.4
47.4
24.6
30.5
42.4

117.0
112.4
111.9
116.3
101.9
133.1
106.1
123.7
114.6
133.2
104.1
113.2
144.8

83.3
99.2
65.0
20.0
8.3
124.4
20.2
94.9
65.9
124.4
70.7
94.4
111.9

28.8
11.8
41.9
82.8
91.8
6.6
81.0
23.3
42.5
6.6
32.1
16.7
22.7

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

139.0

82.4

40.7

148.6

88.1

40.7

131.4

102.0

22.4

82.3

33.9

58.8

89.4

52.1

41.7

72.5

33.8

53.4

139.5

78.7

43.6

155.1

85.9

44.6

137.1

119.2

13.1

132.4

96.0

27.5

141.0

102.6

27.2

121.0

90.1

25.6

116.2

85.0

26.9

122.2

81.9

33.0

107.2

86.9

19.0

76.8

24.3

68.4

81.4

29.5

63.8

69.5

16.7

76.0

127.8

103.1

19.3

145.7

103.3

29.1

115.3

83.9

27.3

147.7

128.3

13.1

157.4

109.5

30.5

136.2

122.9

9.8

121.6

45.8

62.3

133.0

58.8

55.8

108.4

31.5

71.0
32.3

75.2

79.3

5.5

103.4

80.1

22.6

82.1

55.6

132.0

114.9

13.0

130.5

119.6

8.3

111.9

101.7

9.1

119.7

84.7

29.2

134.1

95.8

28.5

118.7

131.7

10.9

147.3

82.1

44.3

157.6

97.0

38.4

134.6

65.1

51.6

128.1

33.3

74.0

139.2

34.8

75.0

127.4

19.8

84.5

153.1

97.1

36.6

163.6

95.7

41.5

140.7

81.9

41.8

130.4

52.3

59.9

140.8

64.2

54.4

118.0

41.4

64.9

136.4

76.5

43.9

146.7

94.4

35.6

126.9

72.5

42.9

104.0

48.8

53.1

110.1

50.4

54.2

94.7

49.4

47.9

157.8

74.9

52.5

153.0

74.1

51.5

138.7

69.3

50.1

102.0

72.0

29.5

109.8

52.0

52.7

95.7

56.0

41.4

170.4

95.1

44.2

186.5

91.5

50.9

168.6

105.9

37.2

169.8

111.2

34.5

192.3

115.6

39.9

165.4

102.5

38.0

85.8

61.8

27.9

93.0

64.7

30.4

76.8

59.3

22.8

117.1

67.0

42.8

125.1

85.3

31.8

105.0

36.5

65.3

147.2

92.7

37.0

169.8

139.6

17.8

151.5

116.8

22.9

86.3

17.3

79.9

88.2

17.7

79.9

77.4

16.6

78.5

127.3

62.6

50.8

132.8

83.9

36.8

119.7

40.8

65.9

175.3

80.4

54.2

180.7

104.5

42.2

165.3

66.6

59.7

154.6

104.3

32.5

197.7

109.5

44.6

175.9

140.6

20.1

134.5

71.7

46.6

117.1

91.0

22.3

103.8

31.5

69.6

47.5

14.2

70.0

51.5

14.9

71.0

38.8

12.2

68.6

116.2

28.8

75.2

120.2

36.5

69.6

107.8

20.4

81.1

151.3

85.9

43.2

162.4

115.7

28.8

139.3

66.7

52.1

93.9

32.3

65.6

102.2

55.2

46.0

83.2

21.2

74.5

161.3

85.3

47.1

193.3

114.5

40.8

184.6

101.4

45.1

142.3

107.7

24.3

148.9

69.6

53.2

127.9

142.7

11.6

133.8

97.4

27.2

143.4

103.5

27.8

122.9

115.5

6.0

73.4

71.0

3.3

76.9

32.0

58.4

70.7

109.1

54.4

103.4

57.5

44.4

156.1

57.1

63.4

134.3

71.8

46.6
21.8

...

...

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

38

Pays

Région

GENDER, POVERTY AND ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS
Table 1.8

Tableau 1.8
Access to Schooling
School Life Expectancy
Vie scolaire (years/ans)

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
M li
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Accès au système scolaire
Primary Apparent Intake Rate (%)
Taux d'accès apparent au primaire

Male

Female

Male

Female

Garçons

Filles

Garçons

Filles

Transition Rate : Primary to Secondary (%)
Taux de transition: primaire au secondaire

Total

Male

1999-2000 2006-2008

GPI
(F/M)

Female

Pays

2006-09

2006-09

1999-2000

2006-08

12

12

100.2

103.5

97.5

101.5

91.2

90.4

92.0

1.02

10

7

116.8

170.7

91.2

156.7

71.3

72.0

70.1

0.97

12

12

117.1

114.3

113.5

98.3

98.2

98.4

1.00

2005-07

89.7

106.7

85.2

105.5

46.1

47.0

45.2

11

8

97.6

105.7

85.8

99.1

53.2

56.2

49.0

0.87

12

13

102.9

103.9

103.2

104.5

88.3

86.2

90.5

1.05

10

10

172.9

149.5

173.0

150.3

58.5

59.4

57.5

0.97

12

11

90.6

122.5

91.5

126.8

70.1

68.5

71.9

1.05

10

10

118.7

115.6

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
M li
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

9
9
9
11
11
8
11
9
9
8
10
9
8

8
6
8
11
11
7
11
7
8
7
9
7
6

98.3
59.7
100.5
100.1
115.4
99.6
106.2
95.5
95.8
99.6
93.9
84.7
74.1

122.1
120.9
134.5
101.7
137.2
105.4
105.6
100.6
131.6
105.4
127.1
116.8
99.6

88.3
56.5
90.7
96.7
110.2
81.3
102.7
82.5
89.9
81.3
90.9
68.7
59.7

114.8
105.0
126.1
99.8
133.1
98.2
104.1
93.7
124.0
98.2
121.0
96.5
90.6

70.3
53.5
69.1
84.0
75.2
62.5
84.0
70.6
74.4
62.6
67.5
53.5
56.6

70.4
52.6
69.9
84.0
74.7
63.3
84.0
70.4
74.9
63.3
67.4
52.6
58.7

70.2
54.9
68.2
84.0
75.8
61.5
84.0
70.6
73.8
61.5
67.7
54.9
53.7

1.00
1.04
0.98
1.00
1.01
0.97
1.00
1.00
0.99
0.97
1.00
1.04
0.92

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

7

6

53.7

95.3

39.3

87.6

52.4

54.3

49.9

0.92

10

9

76.4

150.6

61.9

142.0

30.8

36.8

23.8

0.65

10

8

83.2

127.1

70.0

110.1

47.8

46.5

49.5

1.07

101.8

84.4

101.3

83.3

85.7

83.9

87.4

1.04

7

5

89.5

113.5

92.7
12

114.6

79.2

106.7

64.9

70.3

46.8

44.2

51.3

1.2

84.5

64.2

63.6

65.4

1.03

94.7

72.5

98.4

63.1

63.3

62.9

0.99

9

6

46.9

123.1

50.3

109.6

74.8

77.5

70.9

0.9

73.2

81.4

57.8

68.8

47.3

50.3

42.9

0.85

5

4

33.4

65.3

25.7

59.8

87.9

90.2

85.0

0.94

93.0

98.3

89.6

96.0

91.8

88.3

5

4

71.8

46.1

57.5

40.1

77.2

78.1

76.0

0.97

70.1

144.1

88.5

88.4

88.6

1.00

82.4

96.1

83.6

83.7

83.6

1.00

9

7

93.7

162.2

8

8

88.2

90.8

10

9

89.9

109.3

88.2

111.8

92.7

90.0

95.8

1.06

9

7

64.5

96.7

56.3

87.0

30.6

34.3

25.6

0.75

122.7

92.2

11

10

105.8

105.5

9

10

198.2

100.6

178.6

94.3

67.2

68.3

66.4

0.97

9

8

83.6

117.1

53.0

107.2

13

14

10

10

116.0

187.9

111.8

184.6

59.6

60.6

58.6

0.97

9

9

172.8

137.3

179.6

144.5

76.8

78.6

75.0

0.96

9

7

66
66.88

103
103.66

51
51.88

90
90.66

66
66.88

68
68.44

64
64.44

00.94
94

7

8

86.1

114.2

91.5

119.7

52.5

57.5

47.2

0.82

12

12

93.1

99.6

93.6

101.7

68.5

63.1

74.2

1.18

10

9

115.9

107.1

109.4

104.5

79.0

79.7

78.1

0.98

10

9

119.3

165.4

103.4

155.4

57.4

55.6

59.9

1.08

11

11

106.0

101.2

108.5

100.9

77.7

76.0

79.3

1.04

5

4

52.2

83.1

0.89

8

7

119.2

10

10

153.5

10

11

7

7

13
13

36.2

72.0

43.3

45.2

40.4

95.1

213.4

151.0

206.7

107.8

114.6

104.9

117.5

48.3

44.4

52.2

1.18

85.9

96.8

82.3

101.7

61.8

65.1

58.3

0.89

13

130.9

123.5

11

91.0

201.2

85.7

182.3

12

12

100.0

111.5

94.0

103.8

93.5

93.0

94.1

1.01

7

6

50.1

85.7

40.8

76.3

93.8

90.3

98.0

1.09

11

10

96.9

105.4

91.0

101.2

88.5

90.2

87.0

0.96
0.96

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

Région

39

INDICATEURS SUR LE GENRE, LA PAUVRETE ET L'ENVIRONNEMENT
Table 1.9

Tableau 1.9
Internal Efficiency and Illiteracy
Adult Illiteracy Rate / Taux
d'Analphabétisme des adultes (%)

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
M li
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Efficacité interne et analphabétisme
% of of Repeaters at Primary
% de redoublants au primaire

Primary Coefficient of Efficiency
Coefficient d'efficacité au primaire

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

homme

Femme

Garçons

Filles

Garçons

Female
Filles

1990-2002

2005-07

1980

2005-07

1980

1992-96

1980

1992-96

1980

2005-08

20.4

15.7

75.5

33.6

75.8

81.1

74.7

87.3

12.4

9.5

10.7

5.9

17.1

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

52.1

46.9

89.9

72.1

63.5

51.9

63.2

45.9

18.6

14.3

21.6

14.3

34.6

17.2

40.9

17.1

76.4

86.9

81.8

94.3

...

5.7

...

3.6

81.5

63.3

95.7

78.4

70.6

56.1

65.1

59.0

16.5

10.6

18.1

10.5

32.7

...

83.8

...

60.0

...

56.4

...

30.0

33.5

30.4

34.0

23.0

...

69.0

...

56.0

...

54.7

...

30.4

17.5

29.5

16.0

25.2

10.6

60.2

21.2

23.6

...

21.4

...

28.8

13.9

28.5

9.1

35.2

...

88.8

...

49.0

...

36.7

...

34.2

26.0

36.6

26.8

59.2

57.0

90.7

79.2

...

45.8

...

37.1

...

21.1

...

22.8

30.2

19.7

56.0

30.2

...

...

...

...

...

28.2

...

25.9

17.4

...

62.0

...

60.8

26.8

61.1

43.7

26.2

23.2

25.2

21.5

19.1

...

79.2

...

67.4

...

63.1

...

18.6

15.2

19.2

15.6

39.2

...

83.4

...

...

67.2

...

60.5

19.7

17.9

19.5

18.2
10.5

...

1980 2005-08

...

74.4

...

...

...

...

...

...

10.6

...

32.8

25.4

75.3

42.2

89.0

...

86.6

...

7.2

3.9

8.8

2.2

6.6

...

56.2

...

...

...

...

...

...

25.1

...

23.4

...

23.8

74.0

47.0

...

69.1

...

63.1

...

14.9

...

14.2

64.0

50.0

88.3

77.2

68.7

76.8

68.3

71.5

...

5.3

...

4.6

20.6

9.8

...

17.8

52.2

45.9

52.6

47.2

35.3

34.4

...

...

88.2

...

78.1

74.6

72.7

78.5

12.5

5.5

12.0

5.3

33.6

28.3

69.4

41.7

...

...

...

...

2.0

7.3

2.2

6.2

...

...

...

...

...

63.8

...

44.3

...

15.1

...

15.9

43.8

...

93.3

...

28.5

...

19.5

...

28.3

22.3

...

57.4

...

66.9

...

60.4

...

13.0

6.0

30.2
12.5

5.6

26.3

...

16.6

...

47.3

58.8

59.2

73.1

22.0

24.3

19.7

17.6

47.9

39.8

86.5

49.1

...

...

...

...

...

6.5

...

6.9

12.0

5.5

69.5

21.6

...

...

...

...

10.3

8.0

23.5

...

61.5

...

...

40.5

...

36.1

...

20.6

...

18.7

25.1

20.8

72.7

35.4

58.4

48.1

38.0

37.7

17.7

20.5

17.1

19.6

73 3
73.3

65
65.11

93
93.66

81
81.88

...

67
67.99

...

64.4
64 4

29
29.11

14
14.11

30
30.44

14
14.44

40.5

36.7

82.5

51.7

...

61.1

...

60.7

12.5

3.4

16.7

11.8

9.8

32.8

15.3

...

94.4

...

95.1

...

4.6

...

3.3

44.8

31.3

84.5

56.8

...

...

...

...

...

13.9

...

9.6

45.2

42.8

88.7

67.0

...

49.1

...

41.7

...

5.7

...

5.3

13.2

11.4

38.2

12.6

...

64.6

...

69.0

...

21.8

...

14.4

90.6

57.1

97.3

84.9

75.1

68.3

73.7

69.2

14.5

6.5

14.0

6.3

32.3

19.9

78.3

35.9

...

...

...

...

...

2.8

...

28.6

...

71.3

...

58.4

...

49.9

...

5.8

17.6

5.7

17.8

7.8

6.6

...

17.3

...

...

...

...

...

25.6

...

22.8

48.9

47.7

88.3

67.0

77.5

79.6

72.1

71.8

15.3

7.8

15.9

7.6

8.6

...

...

...

90.3

99.4

92.7

99.4

...

...

...

50.0

...

73.2

...

...

...

...

...

9.7

...

10.2

...

...

...

15.9

11.1

25.2

...

...

...

...

...

...

12.8

...

...

...

...

...

8.4

...

7.5

28.9

...

19.1

16.0

81.3

...

83.7

74.4

86.0

81.0

...

3.8

...

3.5

43.6

16.3

69.1

58.7

73.0

63.9

12.4

20.5

9.4

15.3

22.5
31.3

21.0

66.2

34.1

89.5

...

85.8

...

...

4.3

...

4.2

...

82.2

...

43.9

61.7

32.7

46.4

34.7

23.5

36.7

24.0

...

13.6

68.8

31.0

69.0

74.1

68.1

78.3

21.7

9.0

19.0

5.7

21.7

18.2

68.3

34.5

...

...

...

...

...

13.0

...

13.3

23.7

19.2

53.4

39.3

91.5

...

80.0

...

2.1

6.1

1.6

5.7

11.1

5.9

37.4

11.7

...

91.0

...

91.1

...

...

50.1
52.3
50.6
48.8
33.6
60.1
51.1
53.2
48.4
60.1
37.5
53.5
72.6

27.6
50.6
35.4
23.0
17.8
30.6
20.9
29.0
29.8
30.6
18.6
50.6
56.9

73.1
78.1
75.6
76.8
47.9
81.8
78.1
79.1
73.7
81.8
57.7
76.4
90.6

44.7
70.9
56.7
41.9
27.0
47.7
41.7
47.1
49.1
47.7
28.7
70.9
77.4

65.7
62.5
...
83.6
...
...
...
...
75.5
...
75.5
55.2
68.2

65.6
...
...
76.7
62.4
65.6
78.3
69.4
...
65.5
63.3
41.1
65.7

62.5
58.2
...
82.6
...
...
...
...
71.9
...
69.5
52.2
63.6

64.7
...
...
82.5
58.3
60.0
83.6
72.3
...
60.0
59.3
39.8
61.5

13.5
21.5
6.1
10.0
11.3
16.5
14.2
9.7
11.9
16.4
11.0
30.8
20.4

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

40

Pays
Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
M li
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

Région
8.9
16.9
7.5
7.2
11.3
7.0
10.9
7.1
9.7
7.0
11.0
20.1
12.9

13.8
21.8
5.8
10.3
10.6
17.2
12.5
10.6
12.8
17.2
11.2
30.5
21.4

9.5
17.1
7.3
4.6
10.1
11.7
7.5
8.5
9.2
11.7
10.5
19.9
13.0

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

GENDER, POVERTY AND ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS
Table 1.10

Tableau 1.10
School Enrolment Ratios (Gross)

Taux bruts de scolarisation

Primary / Primaire

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Primary + Secondary
Primaire + Secondaire

Secondary / Secondaire

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

Garçons

Filles

Garçons

Filles

Garçons

1980

2005-09

1980

2005-09

107.7
186.7

110.8

80.7

...

162.0

91.0

124.8

82.8

110.9

22.0

Female
Filles

1980

2005-09

1980

2005-09

1980

2005-09

1980

2005-09

104.1

39.8

80.3

26.0

86.3

74.8

96.7

54.1

96.1

...

32.0

...

9.2

...

...

...

...

...

42.8

108.1

24.0

46.1

8.0

26.1

58.1

81.8

...

60.2

99.9

108.5

17.1

78.0

20.0

82.4

58.4

97.1

70.3

97.5

78.6

13.0

68.1

3.6

21.1

2.0

15.7

13.3

50.3

7.7

42.3
69.2

116.9

109.0

86.8

106.1

33.5

83.1

20.0

91.1

74.1

95.3

52.7

98.6

56.3

116.7

42.7

117.7

7.0

25.1

2.9

20.8

36.7

79.7

26.8

78.5

97.5

120.4

82.5

117.9

21.8

56.4

11.0

47.2

71.1

96.9

56.8

91.9

91.3

104.1

78.9

103.1

8.9

42.6

7.0

39.4

...

75.8

...

73.6

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

90.9
103.1
68.2
96.4
105.0
95.1
106.3
91.0
81.4
95.1
104.8
95.3
59.5

103.8
101.4
92.5
106.3
117.7
96.8
110.7
96.4
106.6
96.8
111.4
106.6
87.5

69.9
75.6
51.6
69.0
95.0
70.3
75.5
72.1
65.0
70.4
86.7
73.6
36.3

95.2
83.7
88.5
100.3
113.1
85.2
103.6
86.5
99.9
85.2
104.2
86.5
74.9

27.3
31.6
12.3
48.8
28.7
23.1
38.1
30.7
29.3
23.1
26.5
26.2
16.9

44.3
41.7
39.5
72.0
53.2
36.4
72.0
42.1
41.1
36.4
50.3
36.0
31.9

16.2
13.4
6.8
30.2
23.1
11.3
23.7
17.0
16.7
11.3
17.9
14.0
6.6

36.9
24.9
32.2
73.3
51.8
27.2
73.3
34.2
32.3
27.2
42.6
25.3
20.8

60.0
75.4
45.3
74.7
57.9
61.0
76.5
68.2
57.0
61.0
65.6
74.6
39.2

76.9
73.5
75.5
91.4
89.9
68.9
91.4
71.5
77.3
68.9
84.8
71.7
60.7

42.9
51.5
34.2
52.8
45.6
42.3
56.1
48.7
40.1
42.3
48.6
57.2
22.2

68.3
56.3
68.2
88.2
86.6
58.4
88.2
61.8
69.0
58.4
76.5
56.0
48.9

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

32.0

139.1

20.9

132.1

3.9

20.9

2.0

14.4

17.9

76.0

11.3

107.1

119.3

89.5

102.4

23.7

41.5

13.0

33.0

67.3

79.5

52.9

66.9

118.9

104.5

110.2

98.1

9.2

78.8

7.0

86.8

68.7

91.7

63

92.5

92.1

90.6

50.6

64.4

20.6

...

7.0

...

57.2

...

29.3

...

52.3

89.0

19.1

61.9

9.0

26.3

1.1

11.7

...

58.5

...

37.6

100.3

129.1

72.2

113.7

29.6

52.1

15.0

39.3

67.1

89.2

45.3

75.1

148.1

117.7

134.3

110.1

88.8

...

60.0

...

119.8

...

98.8

...

108.0

98.6

76.9

82.2

35.0

44.8

13.0

24.7

75.8

74.4

48.7

56.4

90.0

83.0

59.9

65.9

26.0

...

11.2

46.6

58.9

27.3

52.0

15.3

34.7

8.7

84.4

102.1

61.0

97.1

61.3

...

....

101.2

...

96.2

...

...

60.2

...

37.2

...

24.2

...

44.9

...

35.9

39.0

...

73.4

...

50.4

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

....

62.1

...

51.7

...

40.0

...

28.2

...

50.6

...

39.4

48.0

103.2

26.8

92.3

11.7

38.8

6.0

28.1

31.4

73.7

17.8

62.8

117.0

...

170.9

...

25.0

...

17.0

...

109.8

...

99.9

...

69.6

83.9

36.1

88.6

16.3

52.7

7.0

49.6

43.8

70.0

21.8

71.1

88.0

102.3

70.7

101.3

50.5

57.2

31.0

50.9

69.9

80.9

51.4

77.3

48.0

96.9

24.9

82.6

24.3

44.9

9.7

26.4

37.3

71.2

17.9

54.9

93.6

...

42.6

...

9.8

...

2.4

...

58.7

...

25.8

...

120.2

112.7

110.1

110.3

22.8

60.9

16.0

55.8

82.3

88.7

73.3

85.0

85.2

108.2

122.0

107.1

14.2

34.4

21.0

45.4

59.1

78.3

83.9

81.9

61.0

95.6

34.0

85.6

31.2

36.1

12.5

27.2

47.8

68.5

24.6

58.9

129.0

113.0

120.9

107.5

88.5

86.3

63.0

101.0

111.6

98.7

96.1

104.1

131.3

154.0

129.0

149.5

32.6

30.9

22.9

29.2

...

87.2

...

84.2

72.2

118.5

48.5

121.8

7.0

31.8

2.0

27.0

53.7

79.7

35.3

79.2

33.8

99.8

18.9

82.7

11.8

42.4

5.0

27.1

23.9

72.9

12.5

56.6

47.5

99.4

25.8

105.3

17.5

25.9

4.4

22.9

34.0

65.0

16.2

66.7

94.1

99.7

91.2

99.1

50.9

87.0

49.0

88.2

70.6

92.6

68.5

93.0

102.3

112.2

62.9

101.5

32.3

60.1

20.0

51.4

...

85.8

...

75.6

114.2

121.5

83.5

106.9

7.6

23.5

3.0

17.6

50.6

85.6

35.2

74.0

121.7

113.0

133.5

111.7

33.9

60.7

42.6

70.9

...

91.7

...

95.0

32.9

64.7

17.8

50.6

6.6

13.7

2.7

8.2

20.3

41.1

10.5

30.4

122.6

99.2

95.0

86.8

22.0

34.3

11.0

26.5

75.1

69.3

54.9

59.0

65.8

149.8

59.9

152.0

3.6

23.1

3.0

20.8

43.6

89.6

39.6

89.7
94.6

....

131.4

...

129.0

...

44.7

...

47.9

...

94.7

...

55.0

82.5

37.0

84.5

15.2

33.9

7.0

27.3

36.1

58.3

22.7

55.9

....

126.1

...

124.6

...

105.3

...

119.1

...

115.5

...

121.9

61.3

167.8

43.3

148.0

20.3

41.8

8.3

27.7

43.2

111.1

27.8

93.3

28.0

26.0

15.4

15.4

11.3

...

4.0

...

23.4

...

12.4

...

84.3

106.5

84.9

102.6

45.8

92.9

44.9

97.2

...

100.8

...

100.4

58.7

77.8

40.9

70.0

19.9

40.3

11.9

35.5

41.2

61.7

27.8

50.5

103.8

111.9

101.8

103.8

39.3

56.0

37.0

50.5

80.5

88.4

78.5

81.5

99.4

111.0

85.9

109.3

4.3

...

2.1

...

61.6

...

52.9

...

144.0

112.6

93.0

97.4

50.4

54.1

15.9

28.5

98.9

83.1

55.5

62.6

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

Pays

Région

41

INDICATEURS SUR LE GENRE, LA PAUVRETE ET L'ENVIRONNEMENT
Table 1.11

Tableau 1.11
Teaching Staff

Personnel enseignant
Primary / Primaire

Secondary / Secondaire
% Female

Total

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

% Female

Femmes

1999

2005-09

169 519
...

Total

1999

2005-09

169 701

45.9

53.2

...

30.0

16 335

35 938

22.6

18.7

11 950

13 012

81.2

80.1

16 660

35 617

24.7

12 312

29 836

53.9

41 142

69 544

3 203

3 132

1999

Femmes
2005-09

1999

2005-09

60 470

58 879

49.5

53.1

56 466

79 735

40.0

45.0

...

132 325

32.6

39.2

...

53 877

...

21.9

32 866

48 075

48.9

50.1

10 130

29 148

27.3

44.6

59 973

64 001

47.3

...

30 572

...

37.4

...

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

2 444 980
219 992
366 802
706 357
443 303
708 526
360 376
1 002 552
922 506
707 866
659 931
65 374
153 755

3 526 076
100 240
866 989
754 931
594 738
941 460
386 146
1 843 618
1 497 709
940 451
951 710
112 364
267 881

50.7
26.7
44.3
48.6
69.0
42.5
44.3
48.6
47.8
42.5
62.0
35.2
22.3

46.2
29.3
46.3
53.3
62.1
38.1
50.9
44.5
45.6
38.0
50.3
36.5
26.9

1 154 674
123 372
55 332
600 784
244 971
130 215
146 817
608 706
686 496
130 215
314 602
33 911
63 290

1 913 323
251 471
347 950
574 104
305 310
434 488
1 210 139
1 210 139
1 127 064
434 113
494 707
62 663
75 197

34.8
13.9
...
39.4
45.6
18.0
...
39.1
34.3
18.0
35.6
24.0
...

34.0
13.2
34.8
42.0
48.0
25.2
43.4
36.3
34.5
25.2
33.7
21.3
12.5

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

...

...

...

...

16 447

...

32.5

...

8 988

...

12.2

8 976

12 481

45.2

32.9

6 215

13 964

...

16.9

53.0

...

7 422

...

20.1

35.5

44.2

26 356

43 193

28.1

26.4

61.9

66.7

...

3 393

...

39.7

...

...
49.0

...

5 827

...

12.7

...

...

...

12 373

21 933

9.3

13.4

3 619

9 555

5.4

5.3

2 381

3 050

25.7

32.9

...

3 138

...

13.0

4 515

12 124

41.9

46.5

...

9 915

...

14.4

154 618

255 594

21.5

25.7

89 461

188 808

10.1

10.6

44 731

56 248

20.0

22.9

20 124

...

...

966

1 657

27.7

25.8

680

1 201

21.6

24.0

345 981

368 785

52.3

55.8

453 967

490 526

40.8

41.7

1 322

2 936

28.4

34.4

858

...

5.1

5 576

6 933

35.0

47.9

2 278

4 425

11.6

11.8

68 680

214 811

36.9

39.1

51 818

79 962

13.4

18.9

3 078

...

16.3

33.4

2 332

4 397

14.8

17.4

6 022

41.6

...

...

...

4 578

6 429

80 323

112 443

31.8

33.0

52 208

99 001

22.2

22.1

15 512

30 933

25.0

27.6

5 756

15 941

10.6

6.0

...

...

...

103 956

...

41.2

3 297

29.5

...

...

20.2

...

148 469

147 596

42.0

45.5

...

...

8 225

10 841

80.2

76.6

3 310

6 037

51.2

64.2

10 055

22 610

19.2

12.1

6 629

12 794

16.0

4.2

...

...

...

...

...

...

42 678

85 257

58.4

56.4

20 386

35 343

44.3

47.1
29.3

...

...

...

34 444

40.0

38.4

...

22 878

...

15 447

35 442

22.8

26.7

7 663

25 990

14.1

10.2

7 366

11 379

25.6

34.6

2 419

3 843

10.3

10.4
57.2

5 107

5 495

53.8

66.4

5 319

8 053

47.2

123 021

146 187

39.4

48.5

87 932

...

32.9

37 440

76 558

25.2

35.3

...

15 620

...

16.8

12 062

13 854

67.1

64.7

4 882

6 695

46.0

49.8

12 901

34 117

30.8

44.7

4 303

8 331

18.0

17.1

440 440

466 784

47.5

48.3

...

213 366

...

34.1

23 730

32 338

54.7

54.4

...

10 715

...

26.0
12.5

...

660

1 009

...

55.4

...

375

...

21 277

44 416

23.0

28.8

9 402

15 394

13.7

14.1

682

711

84.6

85.4

556

589

54.3

55.3

...

30 239

...

25.7

...

10 024

...

16.0

...

9 431

...

13.6

...

...

...

226 577

236 032

78.1

76.5

144 949

164 697

50.1

...
53.2

...

123 633

67.7

61.3

...

82 665

...

54.9

6 425

7 169

75.4

70.5

...

4 358

...

47.6

104 006

164 668

45.3

50.3

...

...

...

23 107

26 103

13.5

12.1

6 595

11 518

13.1

...
6.8

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

42

Pays

Région

GENDER, POVERTY AND ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS
Table 1.12

Tableau 1.12
Participation of Women

Participation des femmes
Women in Government (%)
Femmes au gouvernement

Women in Parliament

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Administrators and Managers
Ecadrement supérieur et de direction

Femmes au parlement

Ministrial Level

Subministrial Level

Female

(% of total/ % du total)

Niveau ministériel

niveau sous-ministériel

Femmes (%)

1985-96

2008

1980

2008

Female/Male Ratio
Ratio Fem./Hom.

1980

1995-2004

1980

2005

1980 1995-2004

...

6.1

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

29.3

44.5

5.9

45.0

6.0

7.5

17.0

41.4

0.2

0.2

5.3

18.1

3.2

6.0

1.0

1.3

2.0

2.6

...

0.0

3.1

13.6

...

19.0

13.0

13.6

15.0

13.3

0.2

0.3

17.5

30.4

9.4

21.0

5.0

8.9

...

15.4

...

0.2

1.2

11.1

4.8

10.0

...

...

8.0

20.0

...

0.1

7.4

27.6

3.6

7.0

7.0

10.9

7.0

7.1

0.1

0.1

18.1

30.7

10.0

28.0

8.0

8.1

...

23.4

...

0.2

10.3

15.2

5.9

17.0

9.0

8.6

6.0

25.0

...

0.1

14.7

15.2

3.2

16.0

19.0

14.0

15.0

14.7

0.2

0.2

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

9.2
8.5
12.7
3.3
12.5
7.2
3.6
6.9
8.9
7.3
13.1
9.0
7.5

16.6
10.3
22.2
12.9
23.4
11.6
15.1
11.6
18.3
11.9
22.9
10.6
12.3

7.4
5.0
10.3
3.6
6.7
8.3
3.6
6.4
8.8
7.9
8.9
5.1
7.2

18.4
14.0
17.7
11.0
21.8
20.9
12.3
16.7
15.9
20.3
20.9
14.3
18.9

6.0
6.9
6.4
2.8
8.1
7.1
4.0
2.7
6.1
7.1
7.4
6.9
6.2

6.9
5.7
7.5
5.2
8.3
7.0
5.8
4.7
6.4
7.0
8.9
5.7
8.9

13.6
6.7
11.5
12.5
17.3
12.8
11.7
10.8
11.7
13.0
18.4
6.7
12.5

15.1
10.9
13.9
7.7
17.0
18.0
8.2
14.2
13.2
18.2
17.0
10.6
21.3

...
...
...
0.2
0.3
...
0.2
...
...
...
0.3
...
...

0.2
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.3
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.3
0.1
0.1

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

3.2

7.7

3.6

11.0

3.0

8.3

5.7

10.5

0.1

0.1

15.5

37.3

6.5

6.0

6.0

1.8

...

5.7

...

0.2

7.2

10.8

14.3

22.0

5.0

13.3

...

19.0

...

0.1

8.5

7.9

5.9

28.0

...

15.4

36.0

26.7

0.6

0.6

8.1

15.3

11.1

14.0

9.0

11.9

14.0

14.8

...

0.3

6.0

30.5

7.1

30.0

...

...

13.0

10.7

...

0.1
0.1

5.6

13.9

2.9

12.0

7.0

5.3

10.0

11.1

0.1

11.1

18.1

12.5

36.0

10.0

8.3

23.0

18.8

0.3

0.3

3.5

10.5

5.3

13.0

5.0

2.4

9.0

10.0

...

0.1

16.0

5.2

5.0

17.0

...

...

...

11.5

...

3.0

...

...

...

...

...

...

0.1

...

0.0

12.0

7.3

6.3

13.0

...

5.3

5.8

14.7

0.1

0.1

5.0

8.4

4.6

12.0

...

...

...

12.5

...

0.1

8.0

8.9

7.7

13.0

...

6.8

...

17.1

...

0.1

...

13.8

...

9.0

2.0

1.0

2.0

5.3

...

0.0

2.0

1.8

...

6.0

2.0

4.5

16.0

5.9

0.2

0.1

8.8

10.0

4.0

14.0

...

5.0

2.0

4.5

...

0.0

21.0

22.0

6.7

18.0

...

4.2

...

17.6

...

0.3

2.0

21.9

10.0

10.0

10.0

9.6

...

5.9

...

0.1

8.3

16.7

6.9

17.0

11.0

11.4

...

11.8

...

0.1

2.0

9.4

...

28.0

2.0

19.0

16.0

20.0

...

0.2

9.0

8.3

14.3

16.0

10.0

9.4

8.9

11.8

0.1

0.1

8.8

4.6

16.0

...

11.5

...

15.4

...

0.2

10.0

10.0

4.2

25.0

16.0

13.2

...

37.5

...

0.1

3.6

9.8

3.6

...

6.0

6.6

...

10.3

...

0.0

3.8

24.4

5.6

32.0

16.0

18.2

33.0

27.8

0.5

0.5

6.0

12.5

5.3

20.0

...

10.0

...

13.6

...

0.1

2.9

7.7

...

...

...

...

...

0.0

4.0

...

13.0

...

3.3

...

5.9

...

0.0

5.6

20.8

13.6

24.0

7.0

4.7

5.0

14.3

...

0.1

12.2

10.2

...

23.0

...

...

20.0

18.5

...

0.2

3.8

22.1

...

12.0

5.0

5.9

8.0

9.1

...

0.1

7.6

17.1

3.5

10.0

...

12.6

14.0

8.0

0.2

0.3

0.6

10.5

...

19.0

2.0

1.4

26.0

5.9

0.3

0.3

25.2

34.8

...

26.0

15.0

14.7

11.0

13.0

...

0.1

22.2

26.9

10.0

25.0

6.0

12.3

21.0

19.0

0.3

0.3

1.2

9.8

5.0

26.0

9.0

10.0

8.0

23.1

...

0.1

6.9

7.0

...

23.0

4.0

5.6

6.0

10.0

...

0.1

17.1

56.3

9.1

17.0

...

12.5

...

35.7

...

0.1

7.3

7.3

...

25.0

11.0

16.7

...

14.3

...

0.1

12.1

22.0

3.5

18.0

...

4.2

...

20.6

...

0.0

23.5

23.5

33.3

20.0

19.0

18.3

29.0

12.5

0.4

0.4

6.3

13.2

...

14.0

5.0

6.5

...

13.0

...

0.1

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

Pays

Région

43

INDICATEURS SUR LE GENRE, LA PAUVRETE ET L'ENVIRONNEMENT
Table 1.13

Tableau 1.13
Gender Empowerment

Indicateurs de participation

Total Labor Force

Gender Empower-

Participate Rates (%)

Women's Share of Labor Force

Taux de participation de
population active - Totale

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Gender-Related Deve-

ment Measure (GEM)

lopment Index (GDI)

Femmes dans la population

Indicateur de participa-

Indicateur sexo-spéci-

active totale(%)

tion des femmes (IPF)

fique de dév. (ISDH)

1990

2009

1990

2000

2009

1980

2006

1997

2007

27.8

41.9

23.6

28.3

33.3

0.241

0.315

0.642

0.742

43.2

44.3

46.4

45.8

47.1

...

...

...

...

36.5

40.9

38.6

40.6

40.7

...

...

0.405

0.477

33.1

37.2

37.8

42.8

43.6

...

0.550

0.606

0.689

43.4

45.4

47.6

47.4

47.1

0.339

...

0.291

0.383

49.4

50.1

52.5

52.6

51.5

...

...

0.317

0.390

35.9

38.0

40.9

40.9

41.6

0.268

...

0.527

0.515

31.9

37.7

38.1

39.1

42.4

0.424

...

0.667

0.701

44.2

44.8

46.0

45.8

45.0

0.205

...

0.365

0.354

37.9

40.1

41.4

45.7

48.9

...

...

0.378

0.380

39.8

43.2

43.1

43.1

43.6

...

...

0.500

0.571

39.0

40.4

41.1

41.1

40.7

...

...

0.527

0.594

38.5

37.6

42.5

39.1

38.5

...

...

...

0.370

36.1

37.3

29.4

30.0

30.4

...

...

0.404

0.468

39.5

42.9

43.0

43.1

43.4

...

...

...

0.514

28.9

32.4

24.5

22.7

25.6

0.258

0.287

0.603

...

38.8

38.6

32.7

33.5

32.6

0.256

...

...

0.700
0.459

39.9

41.5

40.9

...

...

...

40.9

48.9

42.3

45.3

47.7

...

0.464

0.287

0.403

43.3

46.8

44.1

44.3

44.0

...

...

...

0.748

44.3

45.9

45.8

45.7

46.5

0.239

...

0.384

0.452

40.8

45.4

49.3

48.4

49.0

...

...

0.540

0.524

47.3

48.0

47.1

47.0

47.1

...

...

0.381

0.425

38.9

37.2

40.2

39.4

38.2

...

...

0.318

0.381

42.1

46.2

46.0

46.5

46.4

...

...

0.517

0.538

41.5

42.8

51.0

52.3

52.4

0.451

0.591

0.570

0.509

36.9

36.8

39.8

39.8

40.2

...

...

...

0.430

28.4

37.0

15.5

21.3

24.2

...

...

0.732

0.830

45.3

49.4

48.5

48.3

49.0

...

0.398

...

0.541

41.4

41.5

50.7

50.3

49.9

0.256

...

0.390

0.490

26.5

26.4

34.3

35.6

38.2

0.351

...

0.367

0.353

39.8

42.6

41.8

42.5

43.1

0.177

...

0.438

0.516

42.8

45.5

33.2

34.1

36.7

0.451

0.538

0.754

0.797

31.7

36.8

23.5

25.6

24.7

0.302

0.318

0.565

0.625

45.6

46.0

54.7

55.9

55.9

0.430

...

0.326

0.395

31.3

34.4

45.1

44.9

46.8

...

0.620

0.633

0.683

32.6

32.9

33.2

31.3

31.3

0.121

...

0.286

0.308

30.1

30.9

33.9

34.0

36.5

...

...

0.442

0.499

43.2

45.9

51.7

53.1

53.1

...

...

...

0.459

30.2

33.7

34.3

36.4

40.0

...

...

...

0.643

41.5

43.5

40.4

41.3

42.9

...

...

0.417

0.457

43.1

46.4

45.2

47.2

48.7

...

...

0.751

...

38.4

37.7

52.3

49.1

51.1

...

...

...

0.354

38.4

39.8

37.6

38.3

39.1

...

...

...

...

33.1

36.6

41.9

43.9

45.4

0.531

0.687

0.689

0.680

28.3

31.4

23.4

28.8

31.0

0.225

...

0.453

0.516

37.8

40.2

51.1

49.8

49.8

0.406

...

0.636

0.568

49.0

49.5

50.1

49.8

49.7

...

0.539

0.418

0.527

37.8

39.8

38.7

38.4

38.2

0.183

...

0.450

...

29.8

37.1

21.6

25.0

27.2

0.345

...

0.681

0.752

44.6

43.9

47.4

47.8

47.8

...

0.591

0.397

0.509

38.0

38.6

42.6

42.9

43.2

0.304

0.426

0.425

0.473

39.9

43.5

46.5

46.3

44.4

0.428

...

0.555

...

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

36.1
38.3
40.9
29.5
39.0
33.8
30.0
30.1
37.6
33.8
40.1
38.0
36.2

39.3
38.5
44.8
35.8
41.7
35.2
39.1
32.6
40.9
35.2
41.4
39.8
37.8

39.3
42.2
43.4
24.0
46.6
37.8
23.5
29.0
40.4
37.8
46.2
41.7
37.3

40.0
40.6
45.0
25.1
47.4
37.8
27.0
29.8
40.8
37.8
45.9
42.8
37.6

41.2
40.6
46.0
27.7
48.0
39.4
29.4
32.0
42.0
39.4
46.0
43.9
38.3

...
...
...
0.258
0.400
...
0.266
0.238
...
...
0.407
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

0.489
0.449
0.455
0.610
0.537
0.412
0.493
0.451
0.523
0.412
0.563
0.449
0.367

0.525
0.523
0.489
0.693
0.583
0.440
0.545
0.488
0.527
0.444
0.560
0.549
0.404

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

44

Pays

Région

INVESTMENT CLIMATE
AND INFRASTRUCTURE
CLIMAT DES AFFAIRES
ET INFRASTRUCTURES

INDICATEURS SUR LE GENRE, LA PAUVRETE ET L'ENVIRONNEMENT
Table 2.1

Tableau 2.1
Human Development Index

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Mala i
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Indice de développement humain

Human Poverty Index (HPI-1)

HDI Rank Among 182

HDI Value (scale 0 to 1)

GNI per Capita (US$)

Value / Valeur de l'indice de

Countries / Rang de

Valeur de l'IDH

RNB par habitant ($ EU)

pauvreté humaine (HPI-1) (%)

l'IDH sur les 182 Pays

(entre 0 et 1)

1995

1998

2008

1995

1998

2007

1995

1998

1 580
320
310
3 040
230
150
710
1 150
330
200
480
420
130
660
820
940
410
190
150
4 010
330
350
500
200
270
770

1 570
460
340
3 350
240
140
630
1 240
280
220
420
560
110
730
730
1 240
1 120
210
130
4 070
300
370
470
140
430
650
130

230
160
270
630
3 360
1 120
130
2 200
190
220
220

250
200
280
560
3 760
1 310
220
2 030
200
270
260

540
6 460
190

510
7 320
160
3 290
310
1 460
230
300
2 050
280
310
570

27.1
...
...
27.0
58.2
49.5
30.9
...
40.7
...
...
31.5
41.1
46.4
...
34.0
...
...
55.5
...
...
31.8
49.1
42.9
27.1
25.7
...
17.4
47.7
47 7
47.7
52.8
45.9
12.1
40.2
48.5
30.0
62.1
40.5
...
...
48.6
...
58.2
...
...
42.5
...
39.8
39.8
23.3
42.1
36.9
25.2

24.8
...
29.2
28.3
58.4
...
38.5
22.0
53.0
...
33.0
31.9
...
45.8
32.8
32.3
...
...
55.3
...
49.0
35.4
...
50.2
29.5
23.3
...
15.3
...
41 9
41.9
51.4
49.7
11.6
38.4
50.7
26.6
64.7
37.6
37.5
...
47.9
...
...
...
20.2
35.5
27.4
29.2
37.8
21.9
39.7
37.9
30.0

17.5
37.2
43.2
22.9
51.8
36.4
30.8
14.5
42.4
53.1
20.4
24.3
38.0
37.4
25.6
23.4
31.9
33.7
50.9
17.5
40.9
28.1
50.5
34.9
29.5
34.3
35.2
13.4
36.1
28 2
28.2
54.5
36.2
9.5
31.1
46.8
17.1
55.8
36.2
32.9
12.6
41.6

3 740
210
1 500
160
280
1 820
220
340
600

4 260
3 450
690
6 470
480
140
1 150
3 130
410
530
750
1 970
150
980
1 130
1 800
14 980
300
280
7 240
390
670
390
250
770
1 080
170
11 590
410
290
580
..
6 400
2 580
370
4 200
330
1 160
410
1 020
970
10 290
320
..
5 820
1 130
2 520
440
400
3 290
420
950
360

25.4
34.0
35.1
30.0
36.6
15.6
28.8
35.5
34.0

82
156
145
97
172
170
132
117
154
163
141
128
143
148
162
112
135
168
169
120
165
133
167
164
137
134
...
64
153
161
171
149
61
125
166
107
173
142
174
121
158
56
174
...
89
157
115
150
144
83
160
146
130

107
160
157
122
172
170
134
105
166
167
137
139
152
154
149
119
131
159
171
123
161
129
162
169
138
127
...
72
141
163
165
147
71
124
168
115
173
151
164
132
155
53
174
...
103
143
112
156
145
101
158
153
130

648
323
196
1 177
1 569
295
1 394
487
372
295
1 026
627
384

673
306
248
1 372
1 433
325
1 494
582
450
325
948
609
403

1413
640
541
2 894
2 694
902
3 932
1 311
927
904
1 722
1 424
658

40.7
38.5
44.3
32.7
40.4
43.7
31.5
38.9
41.3
43.7
39.7
32.6
51.7

37.3
40.0
40.2
30.9
30.9
41.7
29.8
36.4
38.8
41.7
30.5
40.0
49.7

33.0
34.0
32.2
22.9
30.2
38.8
22.8
35.8
30.3
40.6
30.7
33.3
44.5

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

47.7

2007

2007

104
143
161
125
177
174
153
121
179
175
139
136
176
163
155
123
118
165
171
103
168
152
170
173
147
156
169 .
55
145
160
178
154
81
130
172
128
182
158
167
131
166
57
180
….
129
150
142
151
159
98
157
164

0.683
0.405
0.411
0.593
0.303
0.321
0.528
0.688
0.371
0.367
0.510
0.507
0.430
0.420
0.447
0.623
0.555
0.408
0.309
0.592
0.396
0.556
0.394
0.331
0.508
0.569
...
0.760
0.483
0 385
0.385
0.380
0.451
0.761
0.589
0.341
0.632
0.293
0.439
0.382
0.547
0.416
0.786
0.252
...
0.697
0.477
0.655
0.415
0.471
0.703
0.409
0.420
0.555

0.754
0.564
0.492
0.694
0.389
0.394
0.523
0.708
0.369
0.392
0.576
0.389
0.601
0.484
0.520
0.703
0.719
0.472
0.414
0.755
0.456
0.526
0.435
0.396
0.541
0.514
0.442
0.847
0.543
0 493
0.493
0.371
0.520
0.804
0.654
0.402
0.686
0.340
0.511
0.460
0.651
0.464
0.845
0.365
...
0.683
0.531
0.572
0.530
0.499
0.769
0.514
0.481
...

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Mala i
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

0.476
0.445
0.399
0.636
0.531
0.425
0.648
0.508
0.456
0.425
0.491
0.469
0.378

0.544
0.535
0.527
0.708
0.585
0.471
0.709
0.508
0.573
0.459
0.601
0.525
0.429

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

46

Pays

1998

Région

GENDER, POVERTY AND ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS
Table 2.2

Tableau 2.2
Population in Poverty (%)

Population en pauvreté (%)

National Lines- Seuils nationaux

International Lines- Seuils internationaux

Population Below Poverty Line

% Population Living

Population en dessous du seuil de pauvreté

% de la population vivant

Gini coefficient

Rural

Urban

National

year

Country

an d'enquête

Rurale

Urbaine

Nationale

Année

Algeria

2000-2006

...

...

22.6

2000

0.9

...

2000

35.3

Algérie

2001

94.3

57.0

68.0

2000

54.3

...

2000

58.6

1999

33.0

23.3

29.0

2003

47.3

73.7

2003

38.6
61.0

Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie

Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia

below $1day

Gini coefficient

Survey year

below $2day

moins d'1$/J moins d'2$/J

year/An

Pays

Index

2003

...

...

30.3

1994

31.2

...

2003

2003

52.3

19.9

46.4

2003

56.5

81.0

2003

39.6

2006

37.0

...

36.2

2006

81.3

87.6

2006

33.3

2001

49.9

22.1

40.2

2001

32.8

50.6

2001

44.6

2002

55.1

25.0

36.7

2001

20.6

...

2001

50.5
43.6

2003

...

...

50.2

2003

62.4

...

2003

1996

67.0

63.0

64.0

2003

61.9

...

2003

39.8

...

...

...

...

2004

46.1

...

2004

64.3

2005

57.7

55.4

50.1

2005

54.1

...

2005

47.3

2005

...

...

71.3

2006

59.2

...

2006

44.4

2002

49.0

24.0

38.4

2002

23.3

48.8

2002

48.4

2002

...

...

42.1

2002

18.8

...

2002

40.0

1999-2000

...

...

16.7

2005

2.0

43.9

2005

32.1

2003

...

...

38.1

...

...

...

...

...

2000-2006

...

...

53.0

...

...

...

...

...

2000-2006

45.0

37.0

44.2

2005

39.0

77.8

2005

29.8

Gabon

2005

45.0

30.0

33.0

2005

4.8

...

2005

41.5

Gabon

Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

2003

63.0

...

61.3

2003

34.3

82.9

2003

47.3

2006

39.2

10.8

28.5

2006

30.0

78.5

2006

42.8

1994

...

...

40.0

2003

70.1

50.2

2003

43.3

Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

2002

...

...

65.7

2002

48.8

96.7

2002

35.5

2005-06

49.1

33.7

45.9

2005

19.7

58.3

2005

47.7

2000-2006

...

...

68.0

2003

43.4

56.1

2003

52.5

2002

...

...

76.2

2007

83.7

...

2007

52.6

2000-05

...

...

14.0

...

...

...

...

...

2005

73.5

52.0

68.7

2005

67.8

85.1

2005

47.2

2006

47.0

25.0

45.0

2004

73.9

76.1

2004

39.0

2005

...

...

47.5

2006

51.4

90.6

2006

39.0

2000

61.2

25.4

46.3

2000

21.2

63.1

2000

39.0

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

2006

38.9
40.9

1999

27.2

12.0

19.0

2007

2.5

14.3

2007

2002/03

55.3

51.5

54.1

2003

74.7

78.4

2003

47.1

...

...

...

...

2004

32.8

55.8

2004

60.0

2000-2006

66.0

52.0

63.0

2005

65.9

85.3

2005

43.9

2000-2006

...

...

34.1

2004

64.4

90.8

2004

42.9

2005-06

62.5

41.5

56.9

2006

57.0

83.7

2006

46.7

2001

...

...

53.8

...

...

...

...

...

2001

...

...

53.9

2005

33.5

63.0

2005

39.2

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

2004

79.0

56.4

70.2

2003

53.4

74.5

2003

42.5

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

2000

...

...

45.0

2000

26.2

34.1

2000

57.8

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

2001

75.0

...

69.2

2001

62.9

22.5

2001

50.7

2000-2001

38.7

29.5

35.7

2000

88.5

89.9

2000

34.6

1995

...

...

72.2

2006

38.7

...

2006

34.4

2005

...

...

3.8

2000

2.6

6.6

2000

40.8

2003

41.7

12.2

37.7

2005

51.5

...

2005

42.6

2003

74.0

52.0

68.0

2004

64.3

94.1

2004

50.7

2000-2006

48.0

7.9

34.9

2004

61.9

...

2004

50.1

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

Région
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

47

INDICATEURS SUR LE GENRE, LA PAUVRETE ET L'ENVIRONNEMENT
Table 2.3

Tableau 2.3
Population en pauvreté (%)

Income Distribution
% Share of Income or Consumption

Inequality Ratio / Ratio desinégalités

Part du revenu ou de la consommation

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Richest 10% to

Richest 20% to

year
Année

Poorest 10%
10 % les

Poorest 20%
20 % les

Richest 10 %
10 % les

Richest 20 %
20 % les

poorest 10%
10% plus riches/

poorest 20%
20% plus riches/

d'enquête

plus pauvres

plus pauvres

plus riches

plus riches

10% plus pauvres

20% plus pauvres

2000

2.8

6.9

26.9

42.4

9.6

6.1

2000

0.6

2.0

44.7

61.9

74.6

30.9

2003

2.9

6.9

31.0

45.9

10.8

6.6

2003

1.3

3.1

51.2

65.0

40.0

20.8

2003

3.0

7.0

32.4

47.1

10.8

6.8

2006

4.1

9.0

28.0

42.8

6.8

4.8

2001

2.4

5.6

35.5

50.9

15.0

9.0

2001

1.9

4.5

40.6

55.9

21.6

12.3

2003

2.1

5.2

33.0

49.4

15.7

9.5

2003

2.6

6.3

30.8

46.6

11.8

7.4

2004

0.9

2.6

55.2

68.0

60.6

26.7

2005

2.1

5.0

37.1

53.1

17.8

10.7

2006

2.3

5.5

34.7

50.6

15.1

9.3

2002

2.0

5.0

39.6

54.1

20.2

10.8

2002

2.4

6.0

30.9

46.5

12.8

7.7

2005

3.9

9.0

27.6

41.5

7.2

4.6

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

2005

4.1

9.3

25.6

39.4

6.3

4.2

2005

2.5

6.1

32.7

47.9

13.3

7.9

2003

2.0

4.8

36.9

52.8

18.9

11.0

2006

2.0

5.2

32.8

48.6

16.1

9.3

2003

2.4

5.8

34.4

49.7

14.4

8.6

2002

2.9

7.2

28.0

43.0

9.5

5.9

2005

1.8

4.7

37.8

53.0

21.3

11.3

2003

1.0

3.0

39.4

56.4

39.8

19.0

2007

2.4

6.4

30.1

45.0

12.8

7.0

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

2005

2.6

6.2

41.5

53.5

15.9

8.7

2004

3.0

7.0

31.9

46.5

10.5

6.6

2006

2.7

6.5

30.5

46.0

11.2

7.1

2000

2.5

6.2

29.6

45.7

11.6

7.4

2006

...

...

...

...

...

...

2007

2.7

6.5

33.2

47.9

12.5

7.3

2003

2.1

5.4

39.2

53.3

18.5

9.8

2004

0.6

1.5

65.0

78.3

106.6

52.9

2005

2.3

5.9

35.7

50.3

15.3

8.6

2004

2.0

5.1

32.4

48.6

16.3

9.5

2006

2.1

5.3

37.8

52.6

18.1

10.0

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

2005

2.5

6.2

30.1

45.9

11.9

7.4

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

2003

2.6

6.1

33.6

49.3

12.8

8.1

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

2000

1.3

3.1

44.9

62.7

35.1

20.5

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

2001

1.8

4.5

40.8

55.9

22.4

12.6

2000

3.1

7.3

27.0

42.3

8.9

5.8

2006

3.3

7.6

27.1

42.4

8.3

5.6

2000

2.4

5.9

31.6

47.2

13.3

8.0

2005

2.6

6.1

34.1

49.3

13.2

8.1

2004

1.3

3.6

38.9

55.2

29.5

15.2

2004

1.8

4.6

40.3

55.7

22.0

12.0

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

48

Pays
Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

Région
Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

GENDER, POVERTY AND ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS
Table 2.4

Tableau 2.4
Nutrition Status

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Statut sur la nutrition

Household Income Spent on Food

Daily Calorie Supply per

Part du revenu des ménages dans

Capita/Apport journalier

les dépenses alimentaires (%)

en calories par habitant

Daily Protein Supply per Capita
Apport journalier en protéines
par habitant (grams/grammes)

1990

1995

1996-2005

1995

2000

2005

1995

2000

2005

...

...

...

2 890

2 920

3 094

78.5

79.0

86.5

...

...

...

1 663

1 749

1 902

34.9

38.1

42.4

...

...

...

2 118

2 229

2 314

49.8

52.8

54.0

...

...

...

2 207

2 149

2 212

69.5

67.0

65.7

57.0

57.0

57.0

2 510

2 442

2 668

77.0

74.0

79.6

...

...

...

1 676

1 626

1 631

50.7

44.3

43.2

55.0

55.0

55.0

2 007

2 136

2 239

48.3

56.1

57.7

...

...

...

2 455

2 302

2 425

60.9

61.3

63.8

60.0

60.0

60.0

1 793

1 875

1 924

41.3

44.2

45.0

...

...

...

1 780

1 904

1 992

52.3

59.9

60.7

...

...

...

1 843

1 751

1 819

43.0

42.4

43.5

...

...

...

1 940

2 170

2 351

40.1

43.3

50.0

...

...

...

1 790

1 600

1 485

27.4

24.1

23.1

48.0

48.0

48.0

2 410

2 447

2 542

48.3

47.4

50.4

43.0

43.0

43.0

1 872

2 009

2 210

40.4

48.8

49.4

...

...

...

3 371

3 374

3 331

91.3

94.9

94.7

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

1 562

1 516

1 570

50.2

49.4

46.4

72.0

72.0

72.0

1 506

1 723

1 826

43.5

49.8

52.5

...

...

...

2 625

2 933

2 800

77.9

83.3

86.0

...

...

...

2 124

2 161

2 131

45.5

47.7

49.4

...

...

...

2 384

2 517

2 759

48.1

52.1

56.8

56.0

56.0

56.0

2 537

2 514

2 559

54.6

54.5

54.4

...

...

...

2 241

2 156

2 052

44.4

42.6

40.6

71.0

71.0

71.0

2 075

2 072

2 079

59.7

57.8

57.8

...

...

...

2 439

2 443

2 440

67.4

68.2

68.5

...

...

...

1 919

2 047

2 067

37.0

35.9

34.0

...

...

...

3 208

3 136

3 018

80.9

78.0

73.8

70.0

70.0

70.0

1 994

2 073

2 049

46.9

47.2

46.8

...

...

...

1 971

2 138

2 143

50.4

53.3

54.4

75.0

75.0

75.0

2 402

2 464

2 579

71.4

69.5

72.7

70.0

70.0

70.0

2 734

2 830

2 808

78.5

80.6

83.0

...

...

...

2 838

2 891

2 869

72.0

76.5

81.1

...

...

...

2 940

3 048

3 167

77.4

81.0

87.3

...

...

...

1 784

1 955

2 085

35.6

38.8

40.4

...

...

...

2 021

2 191

2 315

53.8

65.9

64.7

60.0

60.0

60.0

1 907

2 081

2 151

52.1

57.1

62.5

...

...

...

2 561

2 569

2 655

56.4

57.9

59.8

...

...

...

1 744

1 911

1 956

42.1

45.0

44.6

...

...

...

2 229

2 358

2 615

50.5

50.6

57.9

...

...

...

2 082

2 061

2 198

57.3

58.3

58.1

...

...

...

2 342

2 379

2 396

73.7

72.2

77.5

64.0

64.0

64.0

1 966

1 842

1 932

41.9

41.6

48.2

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

56.0

56.0

56.0

2 753

2 800

2 916

72.0

74.3

78.1

...

...

...

2 201

2 207

2 300

68.6

69.3

73.2

65.0

65.0

65.0

2 178

2 320

2 323

56.5

60.6

64.2

70.0

70.0

70.0

1 931

1 976

2 019

48.3

47.7

48.0

...

...

...

1 929

1 951

2 033

45.4

45.7

46.7

...

...

...

3 148

3 295

3 264

86.3

90.3

91.4

...

...

...

2 230

2 306

2 371

50.0

51.9

56.4

64.0

64.0

64.0

1 983

1 894

1 895

51.4

47.6

48.1

...

...

...

1 899

1 964

2 063

44.8

45.5

49.6

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

2 210
1 989
1 907
3 049
2 144
2 236
2 984
2 650
2 038
2 236
2 129
2 029
2 200

2 263
2 103
1 952
3 101
2 214
2 259
3 046
2 716
2 085
2 252
2 175
2 204
2 229

2 324
2 132
2 016
3 114
2 268
2 355
3 070
2 743
2 127
2 338
2 219
2 261
2 317

55.8
47.9
51.8
82.2
54.6
52.5
80.3
71.5
52.6
52.7
54.1
52.0
55.7

57.4
51.8
52.6
83.9
56.9
53.1
81.8
74.3
54.2
53.2
55.7
57.4
55.9

59.3
53.7
53.9
86.1
58.7
55.6
84.4
76.3
55.7
55.4
57.5
59.8
58.1

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

Pays

Région

49

INDICATEURS SUR LE GENRE, LA PAUVRETE ET L'ENVIRONNEMENT
Table 2.5

Tableau 2.5
Health Status

Algeria

12
19
10
...
21
...
13
...
23
11
...
15
8
14
...
7
...
...
13
...
...
17
18
15
13
10
...
...
...
10
13
10
...
9
16
...
20
25
17
...
10
...
14
...
...
15
...
14
17
...
10
2
15
14
10
13
9
13
21
11
17
11
21
12
14
15

Gabon

fisance pondérale des

Taux brut de natalité

Incidence de la tuberculose

disme obser.

moins de 5 ans (%)

(pour 1000 naissances)

(per/pour 100 000)

(annual/an)

insuffisance pondérale à la naissance, %
1982-83

Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Incidence of Tuberculosis

Underweight Children
< 5 Years / Insuf-

Country

Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia

Statut de la santé
Crude Birth Rate
(per 1,000 live births)

Low Birthweight
Infants / Enfants à

2003-2008

2007

Malaria
Cases/palu-

2006-2008

2000-06

1975

1995

2009

1990

2000

6
12
15
10
16
11
11
6
13
22
25
13
12
17
10
13
13
14
20
14
20
9
12
24
10
13
14
7
17
13
19
34
14
15
15
16
27
14
6
8
19

24

15
31
9
10
12
5
14
11
11

23.0
...
...
...
34.0
27.0
19.0
...
...
...
...
43.0
...
18.0
...
17.0
...
...
45.0
...
...
35.0
...
...
25.0
20.0
...
...
30.0
19.0
36.0
39.0
32.0
19.0
...
...
50.0
30.0
37.0
...
19.0
...
22.0
...
9.0
...
14.0
25.0
25.0
17.0
28.0
17.0
25.0

4.0
31.0
23.0
13.0
37.0
39.0
19.0
14.0
29.0
37.0
25.0
14.0
31.0
20.0
29.0
6.0
19.0
40.0
38.0
12.0
20.0
18.0
26.0
19.0
20.0
20.0
26.0
5.0
42.0
19.0
33.0
32.0
15.0
10.0
24.0
24.0
44.0
29.0
23.0
9.0
17.0
6.0
30.0
36.0
12.0
41.0
10.0
22.0
26.0
4.0
20.0
20.0
17.0

47.0
51.9
46.4
45.3
47.9
44.1
45.3
36.4
42.4
47.8
47.3
42.9
47.8
51.3
46.4
39.6
33.8
45.6
46.4
36.6
48.0
45.4
48.6
52.5
50.5
42.7
46.1
48.3
48.0
57.3
46.8
45.4
26.3
42.5
47.1
44.4
56.8
48.4
52.9
43
50.1
...
45.8
50.8
36.8
45.5
49.0
47.7
48.5
36.7
48.5
48.1
47.8

24.8
50.5
43.9
30.6
46.7
42.0
39.2
33.8
40.3
47.5
33.9
36.7
50.5
38.6
37.4
27.5
44.6
38.8
46.1
36.0
43.1
36.5
44.6
43.3
38.4
34.4
44.7
23.7
44.0
48.2
45.0
38.2
19.7
25.2
43.5
34.6
54.7
44.3
39.7
36
42.5
...
42.6
45.8
26.2
39.3
36.9
42.5
39.7
20.8
48.9
44.6
33.6

20.7
42.3
39.0
24.4
46.8
34.3
36.4
23.7
34.9
45.3
31.9
34.0
44.3
34.5
28.0
24.4
37.9
36.4
37.7
26.9
36.3
32.1
39.2
40.8
38.4
28.6
37.8
23.0
35.3
39.7
42.3
33.1
14.0
20.3
38.3
27.1
53.2
39.3
41.0
31.5
38.0
...
39.9
43.7
21.7
30.7
29.6
41.3
32.4
16.1
45.8
42.4
29.8

38
205
77
307
95
154
81
175
145
125
85
169
165
177
582
37
108
72
159
153
185
223
119
158
112
184
199
30
177
258
275
228
28
149
181
322
125
131
167
135
195
43
207
249
301
174
267
178
308
31
163
297
329

48
250
85
640
198
321
168
160
302
262
56
353
343
368
708
27
224
85
331
254
225
211
200
192
405
553
242
22
217
425
300
277
24
112
378
671
152
272
348
114
237
37
377
249
576
212
801
339
374
25
340
602
685

57
287
91
731
226
367
192
151
345
299
42
403
392
420
813
21
256
95
378
406
258
203
287
220
353
637
277 .
17
251
346
319
318
22
92
431
767
174
311
397
101
272
32
574
249 .
948
243
1
297
429
26
330
506
782

196
1 377 992
861 847
1 201
36 514
876 741
1 650 749
35
152 260
57 644
20 559
157 757
1 462 300
1 343 654
119
80
50 758
4 702
458 561
40 701
10 910
827 438
33 405
11 299
839 904

606 952

89 138
4 986 779
1 291 853
302
73
142
4 831 491
4 907
413 252
143 079
228 015
1 572
202 466

154 459
23 905
7 796
457 362
58
67
273 471

894 505
3 080 301
92 900

Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

15
13
16
12
14
15
11
16
15
16
13
15
19

26.0
...
...
19.9
...
...
22.4
24.4
...
...
...
23.0
...

25.6
28.8
29.9
6.9
22.9
28.3
7.9
25.3
26.7
28.4
25.0
24.9
29.9

46.4
46.7
47.6
42.0
45.4
48.6
44.1
46.4
46.3
48.6
46.3
45.0
50.1

41.1
47.3
43.4
26.3
39.3
43.9
25.1
39.8
42.0
43.9
42.9
41.4
44.9

37.2
42.3
38.9
22.9
34.4
39.8
21.1
36.4
37.1
39.9
38.5
38.6
42.5

155
143
161
62
257
154
85
130
144
154
225
111
175

277
298
319
52
472
259
75
211
280
259
421
229
253

314
343
326
48
588
296
73
231
292
296
494
266
282

28 062 171
3 572 169
3 804 440
720
14 472 636
4 868 552
640
6 477 297
13 492 097
6 210 634
15 935 003
2 109 869
4 434 356

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

50

Pay

1975

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie

Gabon

Région

GENDER, POVERTY AND ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS
Table 2.6

Tableau 2.6
Access to Health Services
Public Expenditure on
Health as % of GDP

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Accès aux services de santé

% of Population with Access to
% de la Population ayant accès aux

Immunization Against
Immunisation contre (%)

for 100,000 people
pour 100000 hbts

Dépenses publiques

Health Services

Sanitation

Tuberculosis

Measles

Doctor

Nurse

de santé en % du PIB

Services de santé

Système sanitaire

Tuberculose

Rougeole

Medecin

Infirmière

1990 2003-06

2007

2007

2003-07

2003-07
238
245
39
237
26
76
44
91
29
24
76
119
51
56
33
283
48
58
14
549
113
89
54
67
122
58
18

2006-2008

1982-88

2000

3.0
1.4
1.6
1.7
1.0
1.1
0.9
2.9
0.9
...
2.9
1.5
0.2
1.5
...
1.8
1.0
...
0.9
0.5
2.1
1.3
1.1
1.1
1.6
2.6
...
...
...
...
1.6
...
...
0.9
4.4
3.8
...
1.0
1.9
...
2.8
3.6
...
...
3.1
...
1.9
1.8
1.3
3.0
...
2.6
1.7

3.4
2.3
2.4
4.3
3.6
0.7
1.0
3.8
1.3
2.6
1.8
1.5
1.3
0.9
5.0
2.6
1.7
1.7
2.3
3.3
2.8
1.7
0.8
1.5
2.2
4.0
1.2
1.6
2.0
8.9
2.9
1.5
2.0
1.4
3.5
3.8
3.2
1.1
4.6
5.4
3.3
3.5
1.5
3.1
1.4
4.1
3.7
1.3
2.3
1.8
3.1
4.5

90
40
48
31
70
45
20
82
38
30
82
...
33
64
37
99
...
...
44
80
90
64
13
64
...
50
35
100
65
54
20
30
100
...
40
...
48
40
...
...
40
99
36
20
...
70
84
73
...
...
42
70
71

98
24
42
...
21
80
80
...
52
30
...
83
59
...
...
99
...
...
55
0
93
76
80
40
77
80
39
95
38
35
40
63
99
70
39
59
30
67
80
...
90
99
38
...
...
70
55
42
...
90
49
...
85

88
30
11
38
13
44
21
...
23
6
23
...
18
31
48
54
...
8
4
...
...
43
17
...
42
37
38
97
12
36
36
28
99
57
...
24
7
39
37
...
35
...
...
...
63
33
...
47
37
75
43
41
49

94
50
30
47
13
41
51
43
31
9
35
20
31
24
67
66
51
5
11
36
52
10
19
33
42
36
32
97
12
60
45
24
94
72
31
35
7
30
23
24
28
98
11
23
59
35
50
33
12
85
33
52
46

99
88
99
83
99
97
81
86
90
72
77
86
94
94
90
98
56
90
72
67
95
99
91
93
92
85
86
99
99
95
97
92
98
96
90
95
83
53
89
98
99
99
90
52
77
85
68
89
91
99
89
97
99

92
88
93
79
94
99
74
74
99
77
65
67
79
67
74
97
37
80
65
62
85
95
94
80
80
80
95
98
97
82
87
67
98
95
75
69
67
86
99
86
84
99
82
34
83
80
58
90
80
98
86
97
80

93
16
11
28
2
6
18
42
5
3
15
22
10
11
16
227
32
5
2
31
10
15
5
12
28
5
3
120
29
2
9
11
112
56
3
30
3
26
3
54
5
96
3
5
75
22
15
5
4
100
8
11
16

329
49
613
102
35
302
58
169
72

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

2.1
0.9
1.3
2.2
3.0
1.2
2.3
1.3
1.6
1.2
2.8
1.2
1.2

2.6
1.8
2.8
3.2
3.4
1.7
3.2
1.7
2.6
1.7
3.4
1.8
2.3

55
31
53
95
56
45
88
62
61
45
51
28
51

61
61
60
84
38
62
84
65
60
62
46
63
43

39
18
29
64
45
34
73
44
31
34
41
17
24

39
32
27
74
46
26
82
38
38
26
41
34
23

83
89
83
98
90
73
97
79
89
72
91
79
94

83
78
77
95
85
85
93
85
82
85
84
76
80

31
11
10
157
27
17
77
44
42
17
18
13
7

107
52
60
234
156
104
174
120
88
104
116
56
38

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

31
56
58
66
245
89
20
308
21
156
32
171
29
478
34

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

Pays

1990

Région

51

INDICATEURS SUR LE GENRE, LA PAUVRETE ET L'ENVIRONNEMENT
Table 2.7

Tableau 2.7
Mortality Trends

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Tendance de la mortalité

Crude Death Rate

Under 5 Mortality Rate

People Not Expected to Survive to Age
Population n'espérant pas survivre à

Taux brut de mortalité

Taux de mortalité des < 5 ans

(% of cohortl / en % de la cohorte)

(per/pour 1000)

(per/pour 1000)

1995

2000

2009

1995

2000

40/ 40 ans
2009

1997

60 / 60 ans

2000-06

1997-2006

6.0

5.8

5.9

35.2

27.4

21.3

7.8

4.7

20.0

17.5

16.4

12.3

172.8

144.2

118.0

47.4

41.6

76.0

17.3

20.1

16.6

176.7

175.6

152.0

46.9

60.1

80.0

11.9

17.3

15.3

110.1

103.6

87.5

39.8

65.9

75.0

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

14.1
17.1
15.4
6.5
13.5
17.2
6.2
13.5
13.7
17.2
14.9
14.3
15.2

13.6
17.2
14.0
5.9
14.9
16.0
5.7
12.8
13.1
16.0
15.5
15.1
14.1

12.2
16.0
11.5
5.7
14.4
14.1
5.5
11.6
11.2
14.1
14.4
14.7
12.0

162.7
191.3
163.1
63.3
20.6
205.3
59.2
162.9
151.0
205.4
166.4
162.6
189.7

152.4
193.7
145.0
49.8
20.1
189.1
48.6
151.0
139.7
189.1
161.1
168.9
173.3

129.8
183.5
116.8
37.1
15.3
161.6
35.2
131.1
118.3
161.7
135.9
162.2
142.8

29.9
32.2
37.4
10.4
32.4
33.3
10.4
23.9
31.7
33.3
33.7
32.3
34.9

36.4
45.0
39.5
8.0
48.0
40.8
8.3
29.2
36.0
40.8
48.4
44.3
36.7

50.0
52.1
61.2
22.2
57.2
51.7
21.5
40.0
52.9
51.7
58.0
52.2
54.5

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

5.7

5.2

4.9

59.3

45.1

31.2

9.1

7.8

19.0

21.7

20.5

16.5

241.7

250.8

197.5

38.4

48.1

54.0

12.5

11.1

8.9

166.3

165.3

115.9

29.0

30.0

46.0

8.6

13.4

11.8

90.6

88.8

48.2

35.0

69.1

68.0

16.2

14.7

12.7

194.5

196.6

153.0

40.5

38.9

64.0

18.7

16.4

13.7

213.6

189.5

161.7

43.2

46.3

68.0

13.3

14.1

14.0

146.7

149.9

140.6

27.2

43.9

46.0

6.8

5.9

4.9

56.3

39.1

28.8

10.4

7.6

21.0

17.2

18.0

16.7

175.3

174.4

175.3

40.4

56.2

65.0

16.4

17.0

16.5

208.9

199.1

207.6

37.4

45.2

56.0

9.2

8.1

6.5

103.1

83.6

58.6

20.6

15.5

37.0

11.6

12.8

12.8

125.3

109.9

128.6

34.9

33.6

59.0

18.9

18.6

16.8

198.8

217.1

195.3

32.2

45.4

52.0

11.0

11.7

10.6

174.3

188.3

119.5

37.3

42.3

63.0

12.9

11.9

10.9

172.6

145.4

120.5

33.3

30.6

49.0

6.9

6.1

5.8

68.2

48.2

38.8

10.3

7.8

23.0

17.9

16.7

14.7

191.5

179.0

164.0

33.7

47.7

49.0

12.6

10.3

8.3

135.3

97.2

71.6

31.8

27.6

52.0

16.4

14.4

11.6

190.8

168.6

126.2

42.3

39.5

66.0

10.3

10.3

9.5

118.9

95.3

76.1

30.6

32.6

49.0

14.0

12.9

11.1

185.8

148.1

113.4

37.7

27.8

54.0

9.8

10.4

11.0

114.9

104.2

115.2

21.1

27.7

35.0

15.9

13.9

10.7

211.6

187.9

140.7

38.3

30.0

54.0

19.9

19.0

16.9

234.1

218.3

191.2

40.6

42.9

58.0

10.2

12.3

11.3

109.7

111.7

99.7

29.8

44.8

56.0

10.5

14.3

16.8

123.8

110.6

99.5

25.1

67.6

43.0

15.2

13.0

10.2

252.6

230.3

135.1

...

...

...

4.2

4.0

4.1

29.4

24.3

18.8

6.4

4.2

20.0

13.3

11.6

8.9

156.3

130.6

95.6

22.3

27.8

39.0

15.3

14.8

11.8

210.9

166.8

114.6

47.8

56.3

73.0

19.9

18.3

15.4

250.6

225.8

185.2

33.6

37.3

43.0

11.0

10.7

10.2

140.6

106.4

118.1

29.2

30.5

44.0

6.4

6.4

7.4

21.5

19.3

17.1

4.9

5.0

19.0
23.0

6.7

6.1

5.8

69.9

51.1

33.9

11.8

8.6

18.5

17.0

15.7

216.8

193.9

145.3

39.8

50.9

61.0

7.9

9.6

8.4

102.3

82.1

46.5

30.0

45.4

52.0

21.7

18.9

14.5

249.2

229.5

165.5

35.7

41.4

52.0

19.4

18.1

16.2

185.7

199.2

183.7

33.4

46.0

52.0

33.9

18.3

14.2

231.0

195.6

150.8

46.1

45.5

71.0

9.1

8.6

7.3

...

105.0

92.5

...

17.1

...

12.9

12.0

10.6

132.0

128.6

117.2

28.5

26.6

47.0

...

...

...

...

...

24.8

21.3

15.4

314.6

296.4

144.0

51.0

47.0

70.0

19.5

16.9

15.5

248.6

220.4

176.0

...

...

...

8.9

11.7

15.3

70.3

73.1

65.0

23.4

43.3

51.0

12.6

11.4

10.1

141.2

124.5

107.5

27.1

27.0

43.0

9.1

13.0

15.4

120.2

128.0

93.8

20.8

74.3

35.0

14.9

14.1

11.0

146.5

140.2

100.0

35.5

44.4

61.0

10.4

9.6

8.0

145.4

138.7

94.2

34.5

31.0

59.0

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

52

Pays

Région

GENDER, POVERTY AND ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS
Table 2.8

Tableau 2.8
Health Services Personnel

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Personnel des Services de santé

Physicians

Nursing and midwifery
personnel

Nursing and
midwifery/Doctor

(number)

(number)

Médecins

Infirmières et sage femme

Ratio
Ratio Infirmière et sage
femme

(nombre)

(nombre)

/ Médecin

Technicians

Assistants

Assistant

(number)

Nurses

Technicians

Techniciens

Infirmières

Techniciens

(nombre)

assistantes

assistants

2000-07

1970-75

2000-07

1970-75

2000-07

1980-2007

1980-2007

1980-2007

1 698
650
93
101
58
60
543
22
42
59
19
127
827
355
44
19 449
25
...
383
96
22
762
77
30
1 739
39
128
731
753
59
138
76
210
1 321
498
...
79
3 032
73
17
295
13
158
157
13 319
1 141
52
705
79
951
1 207
359
963

35 368
1 165
311
715
708
200
3 124
231
331
345
115
756
5 827
2 081
140
179 900
153
215
1 936
395
156
3 240
987
188
4 506
89
103
7 070
5 201
266
1 053
313
1 303
15 991
514
598
296
34 923
432
81
594
121
162
310
34 829
11 083
171
822
225
13 330
2 209
1 264
2 086

...
3 399
1 107
369
1 551
679
543
...
796
483
165
1 682
3 189
3 233
182
15 068
250
...
...
922
...
13 545
1 085
190
5 061
301
1 617
5 983
30 154
873
2 151
349
1 415
...
2 244
...
794
13 630
730
69
2 708
83
1 044
...
82 271
15 791
858
4 400
1 366
5 642
...
2 851
8 900

69 749
18 485
5 789
4 753
6 557
1 348
26 042
410
1 613
2 499
588
3 672
28 789
10 180
296
248 010
271
2 505
15 544
6 778
1 881
19 707
4 408
1 072
37 113
1 123
1 035
27 160
5 661
7 264
8 338
1 893
4 604
24 328
6 183
6 145
2 818
210 306
3 647
308
3 287
634
2 510
1 486
184 459
33 354
6 828
13 292
1 937
28 537
18 969
22 010
9 357

...
5.2
11.9
3.7
26.7
11.3
1.0
...
19.0
8.2
8.7
13.2
3.9
9.1
4.1
0.8
10.0
...
...
9.6
...
17.8
14.1
6.3
2.9
7.7
12.6
8.2
40.0
14.8
15.6
4.6
6.7
...
4.5
...
10.1
4.5
10.0
4.1
9.2
6.4
6.6
...
6.2
13.8
16.5
6.2
17.3
5.9
...
7.9
9.2

2.0
15.9
18.6
6.6
9.3
6.7
8.3
1.8
4.9
7.2
5.1
4.9
4.9
4.9
2.1
1.4
1.8
11.7
8.0
17.2
12.1
6.1
4.5
5.7
8.2
12.6
10.0
3.8
1.1
27.3
7.9
6.0
3.5
1.5
12.0
10.3
9.5
6.0
8.4
3.8
5.5
5.2
15.5
4.8
5.3
3.0
39.9
16
8.6
2.1
8.6
17.4
4.5

...
...
50
700
30
50
300
20
70
200
50
250
1 100
...
100
...
...
...
850
...
200
1 200
180
150
300
50
...
...
450
250
500
60
530
...
280
...
280
4 200
680
70
400
...
160
130
...
1 300
...
200
730
...
1 000
450
900

...
...
1 000
900
1 600
450
5 000
150
500
1 000
550
3 800
13 000
250
...
...
...
...
7 000
...
700
10 000
1 300
1 800
13 000
500
...
...
8 000
1 600
3 700
1 200
500
...
350
...
9 500
16 000
1 500
200
7 000
...
250
500
...
18 000
100
1 400
1 300
...
...
4 000
10 000

...
...
300
1 709
280
90
300
30
100
30
...
300
200
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
400
800
500
...
...
...
550
650
300
750
80
...
850
...
200
1 200
420
30
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
200
...
550
550
250

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

53 834
1 719
5 541
24 226
17 003
5 345
4 777
26 839
28 001
5 328
17 795
892
1 127

378 532
10 931
22 089
251 972
48 201
45 339
378 532
278 757
224 045
45 258
54 971
5 104
5 456

239 723
7 865
27 091
27 042
133 635
44 090
11 974
57 740
89 398
44 021
111 153
4 676
13 100

1 155 532
69 664
128 776
399 677
276 872
280 543
151 667
689 515
473 681
280 235
319 587
40 875
39 978

4.5
4.6
4.9
1.1
7.9
8.2
2.5
2.2
3.2
8.3
6.2
5.2
11.6

3.1
6.4
5.8
1.6
5.7
6.2
0.4
2.5
2.1
6.2
5.8
8.0
7.3

18 420
1 920
4 660
60
3 610
8 170
60
6 040
8 010
8 100
4 460
820
2 140

147 600
23 300
42 400
1 200
25 950
54 750
1 200
45 700
77 700
54 550
32 350
10 300
26 150

11 619
930
1 560
750
4 639
3 740
750
2 180
3 840
3 710
4 289
730
2 080

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

Pays

1970-75

Région

53

INVESTMENT CLIMATE
AND INFRASTRUCTURE
CLIMAT DES AFFAIRES
ET INFRASTRUCTURES

INDICATEURS SUR LE GENRE, LA PAUVRETE ET L'ENVIRONNEMENT
Table 3.1

Tableau 3.1
Urbanization Profile

Profil de l'urbanisation

Population in the Largest City
Population en milieu urbain étendu
Agglomeration

Population

Agglomération

('000)

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Algiers/Alger
Luanda
Cotonou
Gaborone
Ouagadougou
Bujumbura
Douala
Praia
Bangui
N'Djamena
Moroni
Brazzaville
Kinshasa
Abidjan
Djibouti
Cairo/Caire
Malabo
Asmara
Addis Ababa
Libreville
Banjul
Accra
Conakry
Bissau
Nairobi
Maseru
Monrovia
Tarabulus (Tripoli)
Antananarivo
Lilongwe
Bamako
Nouackchott
Port Louis
Casablanca
Maputo
Windhoek
Niamey
Lagos
Kigali
São Tome
Dakar
Victoria
Freetown
Mogadishu
Johannesburg
Khartoum
Mbabane
Dar es Salaam
Lomé
Tunis
Kampala
Lusaka
Harare

Urban Population as
% of Total / Population

Annual Growth of Urban
Population / Taux de crois-

As % of Urban

urbaine en % de la

sance annuel de la population

en % Urbain

population totale

urbaine (%)

2000

2007

1985

2000

2009

1985

2000

2009

3 354
4 000
762
224
1 149
429
1 906
125
672
989
46
1 355
7 843
3 802
583
11 893
96
601
3 100
576
406
2 121
1 494
330
3 010
210
1 041
2 189
1 697
732
1 494
673
150
3 181
1 446
313
915
9 466
860
58
2 604
...
827
1 100
3 435
4 754
78
2 930
1 452
745
1 420
1 328
1 572

15.1
38.0
23.2
...
42.0
...
18.1
...
...
35.9
...
52.8
36.3
40.8
...
37.1
...
...
24.1
...
...
18.9
47.9
...
36.2
...
50.2
46.0
31.0
...
39.8
...
...
19.8
19.6
...
37.8
13.6
44.1
...
48.3
...
42.9
51.2
10.6
32.8
...
28.0
51.8
...
36.8
29.5
32.3

15.3
42.1
20.7
20.2
40.6
51.0
18.3
40.0
40.4
34.8
19.6
59.0
37.7
41.0
80.5
36.9
48.4
60.6
22.5
51.2
42.6
18.3
47.3
65.8
37.8
42.2
46.9
45.9
29.6
28.8
38.4
52.7
28.0
18.3
18.6
41.6
39.8
13.4
50.1
61.4
50.0
...
37.2
35.1
11.7
29.0
27.5
28.9
53.3
10.9
36.5
31.6
32.1

48.0
30.3
30.8
26.7
12.3
5.2
36.2
31.4
35.5
19.8
25.4
52.2
28.0
38.3
74.7
43.9
29.9
15.2
11.5
62.4
33.1
32.9
26.6
22.4
17.0
11.8
40.3
75.5
20.9
10.2
21.0
35.0
42.3
44.8
16.7
26.3
14.5
31.8
5.1
38.4
37.5
49.2
31.6
28.1
49.4
22.4
21.8
16.8
27.1
53.8
9.2
39.7
25.4

59.8
49.0
38.3
53.2
16.6
8.3
49.9
53.4
37.7
23.4
28.0
58.3
29.8
43.5
83.3
42.6
38.9
17.8
14.9
80.1
49.1
44.0
31.0
29.7
19.7
20.0
54.3
76.4
27.1
15.2
27.9
40.0
42.7
53.3
30.7
32.4
16.2
42.5
13.8
53.6
40.6
50.7
35.5
33.3
56.9
36.1
23.4
22.3
36.5
63.4
12.1
34.8
33.8

65.3
56.9
41.3
59.7
19.7
10.5
56.8
59.7
38.7
26.8
28.1
61.4
34.2
49.0
87.4
42.8
39.4
20.8
17.0
85.1
56.6
50.1
34.6
29.9
21.7
25.5
60.7
77.6
29.6
18.9
32.4
41.0
42.4
56.1
36.9
36.8
16.6
48.5
18.5
60.8
42.4
53.8
37.7
36.7
60.6
43.6
24.9
25.6
42.2
66.5
13.1
35.5
37.4

4.7
6.4
5.8
...
...
...
5.5
7.4
3.4
5.4
4.6
4.6
2.9
5.2
5.9
2.6
5.4
4.4
8.2
5.4
6.9
4.7
5.3
6.1
6.0
1.4
2.4
4.9
5.5
...
5.2
6.7
0.6
3.9
1.2
7.5
5.3
5.1
...
4.5
4.2
0.5
5.0
-1.3
2.6
4.3
9.1
6.3
6.1
3.6
...
3.3
6.6

2.7
4.8
3.9
3.3
4.9
4.3
4.2
3.6
2.3
4.9
2.1
2.6
3.7
4.0
3.6
1.9
3.0
5.1
4.0
3.4
5.6
4.2
3.0
2.2
3.4
4.7
8.0
2.2
4.0
5.9
3.9
2.9
0.8
1.8
5.0
3.8
3.9
4.2
16.5
3.6
3.1
1.7
3.2
3.9
2.3
5.0
2.0
4.2
5.1
1.6
3.8
1.3
1.9

2.6
4.8
4.3
2.8
5.5
5.8
4.0
3.0
2.2
5.0
2.3
2.8
4.6
3.7
2.5
1.9
3.0
5.7
4.3
2.8
4.8
3.9
3.4
2.4
3.8
4.1
5.1
2.2
3.9
5.6
4.2
3.0
0.8
1.8
4.9
3.6
4.0
4.1
6.0
3.3
3.2
1.3
4.2
3.6
2.1
4.5
1.9
4.5
4.4
1.5
4.2
2.6
1.3

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a

n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a

n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a

29.8
30.6
15.1
46.6
32.4
30.2
48.9
33.0
24.7
30.2
29.1
34.6
26.3

35.9
35.2
20.3
51.0
40.4
38.8
58.3
39.3
27.4
38.8
35.2
43.4
31.4

39.2
39.4
23.5
52.6
6.1
43.6
52.6
42.7
30.0
43.6
38.6
47.8
34.2

3.9
3.2
4.6
3.4
3.8
4.5
4.3
3.9
3.4
4.5
3.6
4.4
4.7

3.3
3.3
4.1
2.0
3.1
4.0
2.2
3.3
3.0
4.0
3.1
3.7
3.6

3.0
4.2
4.4
2.1
3.0
4.0
2.2
3.4
3.4
4.0
3.5
3.7
4.0

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

56

Pays

2007

Région

GENDER, POVERTY AND ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS
Table 3.2

Tableau 3.2
Forest Cover and Structure

Etendue et structure des forêts

Total Forest/ Forêt totale

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Plantations (000 ha)
% of Tot. Forest

Natural Forest / Forêts naturelles

Extent / Etendue

Annual Change (%)

Extent / Etendue

Annual Change (%)

('000 ha)

Variation annuelle

('000 ha)

Variation annuelle

Extent

En % de la

Etendue

forêt totale

2005-07

1990-2000

2000-07

1980

1995

1980-90

1991-95

2005

2005

2 144
59 728
2 675
12 535
6 914
198
22 345
82
22 903
12 317
8
22 556
135 207
10 328
6
59
1 708
1 576
13 705
21 826
461
6 094
6 904
2 120
3 582
7
3 455
217
13 023
3 567
13 072
317
38
4 328
19 512
8 033
1 328
13 137
344
27
8 898
40
2 851
7 515
9 203
70 491
518
37 318
486
959
4 059
44 676
19 105

2 277
59 104
2 351
11 943
6 794
152
21 245
84
22 755
11 921
5
22 471
133 610
10 405
6
67
1 632
1 554
13 000
21 775
471
5 517
6 724
2 072
3 522
8
3 154
217
12 838
3 402
12 572
267
37
4 364
19 262
7 661
1 266
11 089
480
27
8 673
40
2 754
7 131
9 203
67 546
541
35 257
386
1 056
3 627
42 452
17 540

1.8
-0.2
-2.1
-0.9
-0.3
-3.7
-0.9
3.6
-0.1
-0.6
-4.0
-0.1
-0.4
0.1
0.0
3.0
-0.8
-0.3
-1.0
n.s.
0.4
-2.0
-0.7
-0.4
-0.3
3.4
-1.6
0.0
-0.5
-0.9
-0.7
-2.7
-0.3
0.1
-0.3
-0.9
-3.7
-2.7
0.8
0.0
-0.5
0.0
-0.7
-1.0
0.0
-0.8
0.9
-1.0
-3.4
4.1
-1.9
-0.9
-1.5

1.2
-0.2
-2.5
-1.0
-0.3
-5.2
-1.0
0.4
-0.1
-0.7
-7.4
-0.1
-0.2
0.1
0.0
2.6
-0.9
-0.3
-1.1
n.s.
0.4
-2.0
-0.5
-0.5
-0.3
2.7
-1.8
0.0
-0.3
-0.9
-0.8
-3.4
-0.5
0.2
-0.3
-0.9
-1.0
-3.3
6.9
0.0
-0.5
0.0
-0.7
-1.0
0.0
-0.8
0.9
-1.1
-4.5
1.9
-2.2
-1.0
-1.7

1 493
23 265
4 909
14 270
4 411
232
20 228
...
30 565
11 492
...
19 708
112 904
5 560
...
...
1 826
233
13 751
18 293
94
9 555
6 737
2 360
1 191
...
4 635
190
15 539
3 486
12 140
554
3
3 573
17 415
12 584
2 550
14 236
164
...
7 517
...
1 516
756
7 279
43 173
74
33 969
1 317
369
6 380
32 677
8 876

1 376
22 080
4 611
13 916
4 251
225
19 582
...
29 924
11 021
...
19 500
109 203
5 403
...
...
1 778
233
13 439
17 838
90
8 969
6 363
2 308
1 174
...
4 501
190
14 889
3 213
11 571
554
3
3 514
16 834
12 374
2 550
13 629
162
...
7 269
...
1 303
750
7 204
41 410
74
32 356
1 224
354
6 084
31 355
8 626

2.6
0.6
1.4
0.5
0.7
0.6
0.6
...
0.4
0.7
...
0.2
0.7
7.8
...
...
0.4
...
...
0.6
1.1
1.3
1.2
-0.8
0.5
...
0.5
0.0
1.0
1.4
0.8
0.0
0.7
0.6
0.7
0.3
0.0
1.7
0.2
...
0.7
...
2.8
0.3
0.8
1.0
0.0
1.1
1.8
1.6
0.9
0.9
0.7

1.6
1.0
1.2
0.5
0.7
0.6
0.6
...
0.4
0.8
...
0.2
0.7
0.6
...
...
0.5
...
0.5
0.5
0.9
1.3
1.1
0.4
0.3
...
0.6
0.0
0.9
1.6
1.0
0.0
-1.4
0.3
0.7
0.3
0.0
0.9
0.2
...
0.7
...
3.0
0.2
0.2
0.8
0.0
1.0
1.5
0.8
1.0
0.8
0.6

754
131
114
...
76
86
...
84
5
15
1
51
...
337
...
67
...
28
491
36
...
160
33
1
202
7
8
217
293
204
...
...
15
563
38
...
110
349
419
...
365
5
3
3
1 426
5 404
114
150
38
498
36
75
154

33.1
0.2
4.8
...
1.1
56.2
...
...
...
0.1
26.6
0.2
...
3.2
...
...
...
1.8
3.8
0.2
0.1
2.9
0.5
...
5.7
92.5
0.3
...
2.3
6.0
...
...
40.5
12.9
0.2
...
8.7
3.1
87.2
...
4.2
12.5
0.1
...
15.5
8.0
21.1
0.4
9.8
47.2
1.0
0.2
0.9

Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

654 505
238 862
138 842
8 024
189 945
78 832
7 965
103 153
377 963
78 805
349 487
103 655
45 821

634 307
235 409
132 320
8 248
183 991
74 339
8 181
97 793
367 184
74 312
340 060
101 799
44 519

-0.6
- 0.4
- 0.9
0.9
- 0.6
- 1.1
0.9
- 1.0
- 0.6
- 1.1
- 0.6
- 0.3
- 0.6

-0.6
- 0.3
- 0.9
0.6
- 0.6
- 1.1
0.6
- 1.0
- 0.5
- 1.1
- 0.5
- 0.3
- 0.6

534 049
215 016
99 849
6 179
135 468
77 537
6 179
76 137
274 532
77 537
266 802
102 112
40 764

515 277
208 846
95 833
5 988
130 568
74 042
5 988
73 222
264 544
74 042
257 238
99 643
39 187

0.8
0.6
0.9
1.1
0.7
1.5
1.1
1.0
0.7
1.5
0.7
0.5
1.7

0.7
0.6
0.8
0.6
0.7
0.9
0.6
0.8
0.7
0.9
0.7
0.5
0.8

13 166
107
6 825
2 099
2 457
1 678
2 032
7 223
7 725
1 678
2 319
107
1 041

3.1
0.2
5.4
23.6
1.5
2.7
23.6
7.1
3.4
2.7
1.2
0.2
3.5

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

Pays

2000

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée

Région

57

INDICATEURS SUR LE GENRE, LA PAUVRETE ET L'ENVIRONNEMENT
Table 3.3

Tableau 3.3
Vegetation Extent and Loss, 1980-2006
Dry Forests
Forêts Séches

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Moist Forests
Forêts Humides

Etendue et Perte de la Végétation, 1980-2006
Savannah /Grassland
Savane/Prairie

Desert /Shrub
Désert/Broussailles

Wetlands/Marsh
Marécages/Marais

Extent

Loss

Extent

Loss

Extent

Loss

Extent

Loss

Extent

Loss

Etendue

perte

Etendue

perte

Etendue

perte

Etendue

perte

Etendue

perte

('000 ha)

(%)

('000 ha)

(%)

('000 ha)

(%)

('000 ha)

(%)

('000 ha)

(%)

...
40 406
4 406
11 293
4 964
114
2 949
...
14 667
5 848
...
...
3 562
9 135
...
...
...
...
5 570
...
72
2 670
1 799
...
2 130
851
8
...
11 401
3 977
7 670
6
...
...
33 137
15 020
2 278
14 339
184
...
2 250
...
48
642
20 444
15 162
772
35 867
1 622
...
2 062
44 606
17 169

...
45
55
62
80
91
69
...
51
80
...
...
54
60
...
...
...
...
86
...
90
71
71
...
67
67
20
...
62
56
78
90
...
...
57
52
80
70
80
...
80
...
40
67
46
73
56
39
57
...
67
30
56

...
11 167
42
...
...
3
15 519
...
13 266
...
...
17 442
74 120
2 746
0
...
1 285
...
0
17 245
50
1 584
5 641
512
144
0
1 416
...
1 648
0
0
0
...
...
...
...
...
3 862
...
...
205
...
506
...
...
205
...
270
136
...
1 309
...
...

...
48
97
0
0
95
56
...
59
0
...
49
57
88
0
...
50
...
0
35
88
89
69
80
90
0
87
...
84
0
0
0
...
...
0
0
0
91
0
...
93
...
93
0
0
91
0
80
92
...
86
...
0

...
24 590
0
12 247
768
246
376
...
0
11 958
...
0
5 405
0
1 000
...
0
...
27 469
0
0
0
0
0
27 682
141
0
...
1 509
0
8 368
4 610
...
...
696
14 741
10 985
498
157
...
1 120
...
0
36 374
32 257
36 007
0
14 352
...
...
1 042
8 175
0

...
17
0
53
70
80
72
...
0
72
...
0
30
0
50
...
0
...
61
0
0
0
0
0
43
70
0
...
78
0
80
88
...
...
20
59
75
80
90
...
80
...
0
40
62
68
0
49
...
...
71
18
0

...
456
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
120
...
0
...
525
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
0
14 570
...
...
...
...
...
...
0
712
880
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
20
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
20
...
0
...
30
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
0
0
...
...
...
...
...
...
0
0
0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

730
0
0
2 331
0
14
16
...
0
66
...
290
215
32
0
809
0
...
0
0
0
853
525
0
0
0
40
...
197
112
2 000
0
...
33
171
225
38
42
80
...
2
...
0
0
0
11 170
0
1 545
0
868
1 420
1 106
...

...
...
0
10
0
...
80
...
0
90
...
...
50
...
0
...
0
...
0
0
0
...
...
0
0
0
...
...
...
60
...
0
...
...
10
10
80
80
...
...
0
...
0
0
0
...
0
...
0
...
...
10
...

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

339 100
27 026
61 731
6
199 076
51 261
6
37 633
162 135
51 261
227 104
23 464
32 325

53
60
54
...
48
70
...
73
49
70
46
60
69

170 323
138 877
1 931
0.01
12 815
16 700
0.01
4 067
88 596
16 700
85 557
64 757
3 641

56
53
...
...
...
82
...
...
...
82
...
49
87

282 773
17 739
144 329
4 610
94 356
21 739
4 610
64 058
148 023
21 739
112 604
12 334
21 241

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

17 263
...
1 357
...
15 906
...
...
...
15 671
...
15 906
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

24 930
587
14 229
2 440
4 142
3 532
1 631
13 026
15 348
3 532
5 705
372
2 072

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

58

Pays

Région

GENDER, POVERTY AND ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS
Table 3.4

Tableau 3.4
Land Use ('000 ha)

Surperficies utilisées ('000 ha)
Annual Rate of / Taux annuel de

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Permanent Pasture

Other Land

Protected Areas

Deforestation

Reforestation

Pâturages permanents

Autres terres

Superficies protégées

Déforestation (%)

Reboisement (%)

2005

2007

2005

2007

1990

32 848
54 000
550
25 600
6 000
950
2 000
25
3 200
45 000
15
10 000
15 000
13 200
1 700
...
104
6 900
20 000
4 665
459
8 350
10 700
1 080
21 300
2 000
2 000
13 500
37 293
1 850
34 639
39 250
7
21 000
44 000
38 000
28 782
39 000
460
1
5 600
...
2 200
43 000
83 928
117 180
1 150
24 000
1 000
4 928
5 112
20 250
12 260

32 862
54 000
550
25 600
6 000
950
2 000
25
3 200
45 000
15
10 000
15 000
13 200
1 700
...
104
6 900
20 000
4 665
459
8 350
10 700
1 080
21 300
2 000
2 000
13 500
37 293
1 850
34 639
39 250
7
21 000
44 000
38 000
28 780
39 000
450
1
5 600
...
2 200
43 000
83 928
117 227
1 150
24 000
1 000
4 895
5 112
20 300
12 100

194 686
7 976
5 144
18 889
9 656
130
16 866
242
34 330
64 769
33
1 134
70 296
1 395
611
95 955
849
1 024
53 309
...
...
2 387
4 578
...
26 390
693
3 883
160 152
4 473
1 036
70 059
63 053
62
10 277
10 546
35 848
82 287
2 988
107
12
1 754
...
1 328
11 226
12 666
33 217
...
18 573
1 423
4 656
3 371
6 348
5 535

194 592
8 226
5 321
19 115
9 354
139
17 306
241
34 399
64 827
32
1 168
71 084
1 164
611
95 937
880
1 008
52 205
...
...
2 618
4 350
...
26 416
723
3 998
160 187
4 547
1 102
70 029
63 111
65
10 292
10 676
36 012
81 914
2 307
8
12
2 033
...
1 266
11 730
12 866
34 459
...
19 947
1 463
4 615
3 444
7 188
6 321

11 898
2 692
844
10 025
739
38
2 100
...
3 904
114
...
1 333
8 827
2 020
10
685
...
...
6 223
1 790
12
1 075
129
...
3 347
7
131
155
1 078
1 067
889
1 733
4
368
2
10 346
1 654
1 547
327
...
2 181
...
101
...
6 310
7 732
40
11 913
647
45
1 756
6 361
2 831

906 036
79 969
240 617
111 526
320 338
153 586
111 526
308 640
353 427
153 585
322 045
64 969
90 851

905 942
79 969
240 654
111 507
320 228
153 584
111 507
308 652
353 354
153 583
321 935
64 969
90 849

1 156 220
188 243
147 991
528 779
104 072
187 135
432 824
517 354
345 721
187 123
188 467
117 948
171 717

1 161 305
189 664
149 999
528 734
106 840
186 068
432 797
517 649
348 804
186 057
193 325
118 580
171 277

117 030
18 068
31 346
14 884
40 763
11 969
14 199
14 033
53 364
11 969
60 425
9 241
8 974

1997-2000
11 919
2 641
778
10 663
2 662
89
2 050
... .
6 106
11 494
... .
1 177
9 917
1 993
...
793
...
...
6 023
1 045
23 .
1 104
164
...
3 504
7
129
173
1 115
1 059
4 012
1 746 .
4
369
2
10 218
8 416
2 971
327
... .
2 180
...
82
180
6 970
9 383
40
13 936
647
44
1 909
6 364
3 068

1990-95

1985-95

1.2
0.6
1.4
0.5
0.7
-2.2
0.6
...
0.4
0.7
...
0.2
0.7
7.4
...
-2.0
0.4
...
...
0.6
1.1
1.3
1.1
-0.8
0.4
-19.6
0.5
-3.3
0.9
1.2
0.8
...
-0.9
0.3
0.7
0.3
...
1.6
-1.7
...
0.6
...
2.8
0.3
0.1
1.0
-0.1
1.1
1.6
-0.9
0.9
0.9
0.7

1.2
1.0
1.2
0.5
0.7
0.4
0.6
...
0.4
0.8
...
0.2
0.7
0.6
...
...
0.5
...
0.5
0.5
0.9
1.3
1.1
0.4
0.3
...
0.6
...
0.8
1.6
1.0
...
...
0.3
0.7
0.3
...
0.9
0.2
...
0.7
...
3.0
0.2
0.2
0.8
0.0
1.0
1.4
0.5
0.9
0.8
0.6

5.0
1.0
5.0
...
8.0
19.0
14.0
...
48.0
6.0
...
12.0
10.0
7.0
...
2.0
...
...
10.0
5.0
...
2.0
5.0
...
2.0
16.0
1.0
7.0
2.0
8.0
27.0
24.0
2.0
4.0
4.0
...
10.0
3.0
7.0
...
25.0
...
3.0
...
2.0
6.0
...
8.0
12.0
8.0
...
6.0
2.0

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

0.8

0.7

8.7

0.6

0.6

13.6

1.0

0.8

6.9

0.3

0.6

5.6

0.7

0.8

2.9

1.9

0.9

10.9

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

Pays

1980-89

Région
149 496
31 789
35 351
15 044
42 151
25 161
14 251
35 389
56 454
25 161
64 889
21 872
20 688

0.3

0.6

5.6

1.0

0.8

5.7

0.8

0.8

6.5

1.9

0.9

10.9

0.7

0.8

6.3

0.5

0.5

18.3

2.2

0.8

16.8

59

INDICATEURS SUR LE GENRE, LA PAUVRETE ET L'ENVIRONNEMENT
Table 3.5

Tableau 3.5
Water Resources and Withdrawals

Ressources en eau et retraits

Annual Internal Renewable Water Resources
essources en eaux intérieures renouvelables annuelleme
9
3
Total (10 m /year)
9

3

Total (10 m /an)

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

1988-92 1998-2002

2003-07

1998-2002

2003-07

Annual Freshwater Withdrawals
Prélèvements Annuels d'Eau Douce
Total
Domestic Industry
9
3
Year (10 m /year) Intérieur Industrie
9
3
Année (10 m /an)

Agriculture

Pays

(as percentage of total)

11.2
148.0
10.3
2.4
12.5
10.1
273.0
0.3
141.0
15.0
1.2
222.0
900.0
76.8
0.3
1.8
26.0
...
...
164.0
3.0
30.3
226.0
16.0
20.7
5.2
200.0
0.6
337.0
16.1
60.0
0.4
2.8
29.0
100.3
6.2
3.5
221.0
9.5
2.2
25.8
...
160.0
6.0
44.8
30.0
2.6
84.0
11.5
4.2
39.0
80.2
12.3

11.2
148.0
10.3
2.4
12.5
10.1
273.0
0.3
141.0
15.0
1.2
222.0
900.0
76.8
0.3
1.8
26.0
2.8
122.0
164.0
3.0
30.3
226.0
16.0
20.7
5.2
200.0
0.6
337.0
16.1
60.0
0.4
2.8
29.0
100.3
6.2
3.5
221.0
9.5
2.2
25.8
...
160.0
6.0
44.8
30.0
2.6
84.0
11.5
4.2
39.0
80.2
12.3

11.2
148.0
10.3
2.4
12.5
10.1
273.0
0.3
141.0
15.0
1.2
222.0
900.0
76.8
0.3
1.8
26.0
2.8
122.0
164.0
3.0
30.3
226.0
16.0
20.7
5.2
200.0
0.6
337.0
16.1
60.0
0.4
2.8
29.0
100.3
6.2
3.5
221.0
9.5
2.2
25.8
...
160.0
6.0
44.8
30.0
2.6
84.0
11.5
4.2
39.0
80.2
12.3

360
11 226
1 571
1 356
990
1 524
17 356
661
36 921
1 797
1 606
61 107
17 578
4 695
433
26
54 054
702
1 769
125 574
2 161
1 480
27 037
11 042
656
2 906
61 747
110
19 922
1 360
4 753
143
2 274
964
5 411
3 141
303
1 828
1 148
13 885
2 618
...
33 585
633
1 001
912
2 470
2 316
2 395
431
1 560
7 497
955

342
10 184
1 450
1 333
906
1 375
16 482
622
35 588
1 645
1 478
56 618
16 049
4 477
416
24
49 904
628
1 644
119 273
2 001
1 388
25 717
10 101
630
2 910
55 509
104
18 306
1 284
4 339
130
2 211
919
5 145
3 031
272
1 697
1 104
12 899
2 437
...
29 963
559
988
856
2 429
2 189
2 242
418
1 412
7 263
946

1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
2003-07
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
2003-07
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
2003-07
1998-02
2003-07
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02
1998-02

6.07
0.34
0.13
0.19
0.78
0.29
0.99
0.02
0.02
0.23
0.01
0.05
0.36
0.93
0.02
68.30
0.11
0.58
5.56
0.13
0.03
0.98
1.52
0.18
1.58
0.05
0.11
4.81
14.97
1.01
6.55
1.70
0.73
12.60
0.64
0.30
2.19
8.00
0.15
...
2.22
0.01
0.38
3.30
12.50
37.31
1.04
5.18
0.17
2.64
0.30
1.74
4.21

22
23
32
41
13
17
18
...
80
17
48
70
53
24
84
8
83
5
6
50
23
24
8
13
17
40
27
14
3
15
9
9
30
10
11
24
4
21
24
...
4
65
5
0
31
3
2
10
53
14
...
17
14

13
17
23
18
1
6
8
...
16
0
5
22
17
12
0
6
16
0
0
8
12
10
2
5
4
40
18
3
2
5
1
3
3
3
2
5
0
10
8
...
3
28
3
0
6
1
1
0
2
4
...
7
7

65
60
45
41
86
77
74
...
4
83
47
9
31
65
16
86
1
95
94
42
65
66
90
82
79
20
55
83
96
80
90
88
68
87
87
71
95
69
68
...
93
7
92
99
63
97
97
89
45
82
...
76
79

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

3 806
1 741
201
47
758
1 059
45
305
1 618
1 057
1 405
841
216

3 931
1 741
326
47
758
1 059
45
305
1 743
1 057
1 405
841
216

3 931
1 741
326
47
758
1 059
45
305
1 743
1 057
1 405
841
216

4 683
20 199
1 451
318
5 498
4 360
571
1 073
4 734
4 354
6 828
24 236
2 811

4 398
18 538
1 353
298
5 301
4 037
540
1 008
4 425
4 032
6 483
22 441
2 584

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

60

Région

GENDER, POVERTY AND ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS
Table 3.6

Tableau 3.6
Industrial Emissions

Emissions industrielles
CO2 emissions

CO2 Emissions/Emissions de CO2 , 1995

CO2 Emissions

('000 MT/TM)

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

(kg per 2000 US$ GDP)

Emissions de CO2

Solid

Liquid

Gas

Cement

Solide

Liquide

Gaz

Ciment

3 243

22 134

15 578

0

1 667

2 460

Total ('000 MT/TM)

Emissions de CO2

Per Capita/par habt
2005

2008

(kg par PIB $EU 2000)

2005

2008

2000

2005

3 089

88 567

105 605

2.7

3.1

1.5

1.3

149

20 362

23 573

1.2

1.3

1.4

1.4

795

1 462

0

149

2 495

2 950

0.2

0.2

0.6

0.6

5 738

3 495

0

498

10 922

10 817

0.9

0.9

1.6

1.9

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

274 079
858
297
12 209
260 096
619
9 758
9 574
10 838
619
260 921
4
462

267 174
8 477
15 789
134 381
57 725
50 802
79 176
145 579
79 761
50 802
59 897
7 283
16 184

73 385
167
2
19 263
2 460
51 493
19 263
55 178
2 462
51 493
2 460
167
0.0

27 532
424
981
17 777
5 425
2 925
9 804
16 124
9 887
2 925
5 445
374
931

1 052 952
25 011
38 441
363 363
488 158
137 980
202 526
395 088
241 127
137 881
494 079
22 534
20 293

1 105 183
25 927
44 518
392 184
508 771
133 783
227 374
400 897
255 321
133 664
515 611
23 401
22 144

1.1
0.3
0.2
2.3
3.3
0.5
2.5
1.2
0.6
0.5
2.2
0.6
0.2

1.1
0.2
0.2
2.3
3.2
0.5
2.7
1.1
0.6
0.5
2.1
0.6
0.2

1.1
0.8
0.7
1.2
0.8
1.3
1.2
1.2
1.1
1.3
0.8
0.8
0.7

1.1
0.7
0.6
1.2
0.9
1.3
1.1
1.3
1.1
1.3
0.9
0.8
0.6

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

0

443

0

189

2 526

3 181

0.3

0.4

0.7

0.8

2 242

0

0

0

4 309

4 776

2.3

2.5

0.7

0.5

4

956

0

0

1 050

1 300

0.1

0.1

0.4

0.3

18

198

0

0

371

395

0.1

0.0

0.5

0.5
0.6

4

3 880

0

259

6 782

8 060

0.4

0.4

0.7

...

...

...

...

255

310

0.5

0.6

0.3

0.4

0

234

0

0

309

339

0.1

0.1

0.3

0.4
0.1

0

95

0

0

208

244

0.0

0.0

0.1

...

...

...

...

112

120

0.2

0.2

0.5

0.4

0

1 048

167

50

5 399

5 611

1.6

1.6

0.9

1.4

854

1 194

0

50

2 477

2 526

0.0

0.0

0.6

0.5

0

10 113

0

249

6 367

6 210

0.3

0.3

0.7

0.6
3.1

...

...

...

...

1 922

1 833

2.4

2.2

3.3

2 451

55 205

0

7 973

160 837

164 809

2.1

2.0

1.2

1.4

0

132

0

0

4 894

4 557

8.0

6.9

1.6

1.2

...

...

...

...

718

796

0.2

0.2

1.0

1.0

11

3 045

0

29

4 579

5 965

0.1

0.1

0.4

0.4

0

1 894

0

65

4 944

4 590

3.6

3.2

1.0

0.9

0

216

0

0

305

350

0.2

0.2

0.6

0.6

7

3 342

0

698

6 534

7 398

0.3

0.3

1.1

1.0

0

1 081

0

0

1 381

1 424

0.1

0.1

0.4

0.4
1.8

0

231

0

0

396

460

0.3

0.3

1.6

253

5 683

0

747

10 141

12 081

0.3

0.3

0.7

0.7

...

...

...

...

227

257

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.2
1.3

0

319

0

0

537

634

0.2

0.2

0.8

15

25 564

3 424

1 146

53 786

57 236

9.1

9.1

1.2

1.2

44

1 048

0

30

2 507

2 774

0.1

0.1

0.5

0.6

44

612

0

69

1 133

1 257

0.1

0.1

0.4

0.4

0

454

0

10

720

756

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.2

15

2 865

0

187

3 162

2 886

1.1

0.9

3.0

2.0

176

1 315

0

0

4 105

4 609

3.3

3.6

0.8

0.8

6 247

19 764

0

3 239

34 722

39 602

1.1

1.3

0.8

0.8

150

835

0

10

2 366

2 396

0.1

0.1

0.3

0.4

...

...

...

...

2 696

3 175

1.3

1.5

0.5

0.6

458

645

0

15

1 252

1 298

0.1

0.1

0.7

0.6

150

29 217

51 493

1 296

107 420

100 163

0.8

0.7

1.7

1.7

0

484

2

3

812

888

0.1

0.1

0.4

0.3

...

...

...

...

98

119

0.6

0.7

2.0

1.7

0

2 770

0

294

5 711

6 094

0.5

0.5

0.9

0.9

...

...

...

...

882

1 080

10.7

12.9

0.9

1.6

0

443

0

0

1 158

1 241

0.2

0.2

1.4

1.0

0

0

0

12

734

747

0.1

0.1

...

...

250 453

47 291

0

4 520

436 079

451 122

9.1

9.1

2.9

2.6

0

3 375

0

125

11 412

12 614

0.3

0.3

0.5

0.6

454

0

0

0

958

1 066

0.9

0.9

0.9

0.7

15

2 026

0

0

5 071

6 006

0.1

0.1

0.3

0.3

0

572

0

174

2 271

2 845

0.4

0.4

1.1

1.7

238

8 849

261

2 143

22 289

22 045

2.3

2.2

1.0

0.9

0

978

0

65

1 687

1 994

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.2

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

Pays

Région

61

INDICATEURS SUR LE GENRE, LA PAUVRETE ET L'ENVIRONNEMENT
Table 3.7

Tableau 3.7
Energy Use

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Utilisation de l'énérgie

Electricity Production

Energy Consumption (oil equivalent)

Production d'éléctricité

Energie consommée (en équivalent pétrole)

Total (millions kwh)

Per capita (kwh)

Total / Totale

Per Capita (kg)

Totale

Par habitant

('000 Tonnes

par habitant (kg)

2000

2007

2000

2007

2000

25 412
1 445

37 196

833

1 132

29 295

3 171

101

191

7 956

2006

2000

2006

36 700

960

1 100

177

177

10 264

557

601

319

323

62

2000

2003

Pays

275

196

52

33

2 122

2 404

404

391

269

318

10 095

14 060

1 068

1 423

7 593

8 741

803

877

127

123

1 582

1 952

65

68

..

..

...

...

...

...

7 798

9 853

745

839

6 273

7 309

599

608

758

729

6 995

9 180

562

736

10 007

9 578

803

769

318

375

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

...

...

552
281
...
750
...
...
840
621
...
...
848
...
...

580
279
...
863
...
...
927
671
...
...
883
...
...

...
694
...
140
...
...
107
266
...
...
364
...
...

...
589
...
146
...
...
118
283
...
...
356
...
...

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

84

132

13

17

2 005

2 815

301

346

291

301

1 114

1 119

647

608

1 843

1 959

1 070

1 050

136

120

390

612

33

45

..

..

...

...

...

...

101

119

16

16

..

..

...

...

...

...

3 480

5 753

219

323

6 351

7 083

400

388

230

223

146

269

334

564

..

..

...

...

...

...

107

160

29

39

..

..

...

...

...

...

92

105

11

10

..

..

...

...

...

...

28

50

51

81

..

..

...

...

...

...

298

407

98

119

848

1 205

279

346

25

31

6 018

8 302

118

141

14 764

17 513

290

288

4 481

4 746

4 813

5 631

279

293

6 859

7 287

397

370

260

265

180

292

247

363

..

..

...

...

...

...

70 337

128 129

1 002

1 661

45 752

62 501

652

795

189

201

50

95

95

156

..

..

...

...

...

...

209

288

57

64

717

704

196

152

222

215

1 696

3 503

26

47

18 720

22 319

286

291

373

390

1 315

1 844

1 066

1 347

1 543

1 823

1 251

1 306

198

205

90

229

69

150

..

..

...

...

...

...

7 224

6 984

370

319

7 889

9 503

404

424

210

199

913

973

109

106

..

..

...

...

...

...

58

70

44

48

..

..

...

...

...

...

4 323

6 773

137

189

15 039

17 948

478

488

481

468

290

200

154

100

..

..

...

...

...

...

310

353

110

106

..

..

...

...

...

...

15 496

25 694

2 898

4 338

17 022

17 769

3 184

2 939

...

...

780

935

51

53

..

..

...

...

...

...

1 226

1 637

104

120

..

..

...

...

...

...

412

495

39

42

..

..

...

...

...

...
...

234

587

90

197

..

..

...

...

...

1 777

2 465

1 487

1 968

..

..

...

...

...

...

13 715

22 858

476

750

10 542

13 977

366

453

101

96

8 849

16 076

485

772

7 221

8 804

396

412

459

409

1 414

1 694

775

843

1 031

1 476

565

721

90

102

190

197

17

15

..

..

...

...

...

...

14 727

22 978

118

163

89 270

105 075

715

728

860

777

113

169

14

19

..

..

...

...

...

...

26

43

186

282

..

..

...

...

...

...

1 671

2 124

169

188

2 650

3 016

268

260

167

155

188

271

2 311

3 275

..

..

...

...

...

...

95

60

22

12

..

..

...

...

...

...

250

326

34

39

..

..

...

...

...

...

210 670

263 479

4 695

5 481

111 270

129 815

2 480

2 669

270

265

2 450

4 541

70

117

13 476

17 713

386

448

244

267

470

454

435

404

..

..

...

...

...

...

2 479

4 175

73

107

13 450

20 805

394

519

741

784

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

Per GDP at $2000 (Ton.)

par PIB 2000$ (Ton.)

434 500
11 360
13 599
135 289
242 828
31 424
64 952
127 336
109 129
31 398
250 732
5 342
7 893

619 258
16 666
22 459
228 524
310 263
41 347
100 395
219 149
183 778
41 304
322 075
8 364
9 457

531
136
63
921
1 797
134
846
431
299
134
1 224
163
107

673
173
91
1 435
2 079
155
1 222
666
445
155
1 402
224
112

451 508
23 506
61 402
110 204
145 601
110 795
64 452
183 655
133 735
110 795
173 815
8 742
13 636

546 106
27 624
79 489
139 688
169 205
130 100
77 187
225 776
167 325
130 100
207 523
10 111
15 522

Région

GENDER, POVERTY AND ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS
Table 3.8

Tableau 3.8
Traditional Fuels Consumption
Total / Totale

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Consommation de combustibles classiques
Per Capita / Par habitant

Petajoules

% Change

Petajoules

Pétajoules

Variation en %

Pétajoules

1993

1973-93

1993

As % of Total Con-

% Change

sumption / en % de la

Variation en %

consommation Totale

1973-93

1973

1995

18

111

22 852

19.0

66

...

330

135

11 769

25.0

79

91

10

139

2 665

34.0

48

70

31

55

3 593

-2.0

25

14

137

85

6 870

-2.0

81

90

130

91

14 536

-2.0

52

73

70

57

6 513

-16.0

26

37

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

4 808
600
1 613
114
797
1 684
69
1 407
2 122
1 684
1 416
235
400

83
72
93
68
75
81
73
80
81
81
89
76
82

368 124
76 211
70 116
6 662
108 657
106 478
5 910
35 183
142 805
106 478
123 797
67 357
49 554

-1.2
-1.1
3.4
-5.0
0.8
-6.2
-5.4
-0.2
-3.5
-6.2
3.2
-0.05
-3.1

71
84
85
7
86
78
6
50
64
78
86
85
82

53
83
85
5
29
71
4
46
61
71
33
84
78

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

19

64

714

-8.0

5

2

56

-12

5 455

-50.0

63

69

48

67

9 482

-5.0

84

89

13

102

9 420

2.0

100

...

85

62

8 652

-2.0

96

87

44

60

7 222

-4.0

97

94

114

72

9 130

-2.0

81

80

...

...

...

...

...

...

34

67

10 694

4.0

89

89

35

55

5 900

...

91

98

...

...

...

...

...

...

22

77

8 945

-1.0

69

51

365

70

8 854

-9.0

81

91

103

111

7 723

-1.0

57

54

...

...

...

...

...

...

45

59

752

-2.0

9

4

4

20

11 522

-20.0

84

67

...

...

...

...

...

...

414

84

7 984

9.0

91

91

26

138

21 166

10.0

24

32

9

27

8 579

-38.0

89

79

152

101

9 213

15.0

64

79

35

43

5 594

-8.0

69

72

4

11

4 012

-38.0

72

57

344

84

13 049

-11.0

80

78

6

168

3 338

56.0

100

...

48

56

17 045

-17.0

62

...

5

18

1 037

-47.0

7

1

76

56

5 483

-17.0

77

86

133

198

12 596

39.0

86

90

54

68

5 279

-2.0

90

90

0

58

37

-4.0

1

...

17

-13

15 392

-31.0

67

38

14

147

529

57.0

5

5

147

57

9 758

4.0

71

91

0

...

0

...

...

...

47

83

5 484

-3.0

86

78

1 010

82

9 590

3.0

80

68

53

...

6 986

-37.0

97

88

...

16

...

...

...

...

49

75

6 257

1.0

61

55

...

...

...

...

...

...

30

49

6 903

-2.0

64

86
...

71

143

7 975

39.0

89

131

13

3 314

-31.0

100

4

220

78

8 261

1.0

61

83

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

Pays

Région

63

INDICATEURS SUR LE GENRE, LA PAUVRETE ET L'ENVIRONNEMENT
Table 3.9

Tableau 3.9
Population and Forest Resources

Population et ressources en forêt

Population
Total (thousands)
Totale (en milliers)

Country
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo (DRC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equat. Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Forest-to-People
Growth Rate (%)
Taux de croissance

Total Forest ('000 ha)

Ratio / Ratio forêt

Etendue de la forêt

par habitant (ha)

1990

2009

1980

1990

2009

2000

2005

2000

2005

18 811
7 834
3 709
996
6 827
4 130
9 078
289
2 329
4 611
387
1 802
28 071
8 344
340.023
43 674
213
2 469
37 138
682
671
11 390
4 575
793
16 282
1 296
1 868
3 063
9 059
6 215
6 069
1 503
966
19 567
12 137
993
5 784
71 065
5 197
95
5 871
66
3 236
6 485
29 074
19 641
615
18 681
2 784
6 458
12 661
5 946
7 285

25 283
10 534
5 179
1 367
8 871
5 692
12 239
355
3 008
6 113
527
2 422
37 942
12 780
560.589
55 137
340
3 158
51 148
918
962
15 579
6 033
1 017
23 447
1 601
2 137
4 364
12 033
9 446
7 669
1 945
1 057
24 808
13 544
1 417
7 822
94 454
7 294
116
7 896
72
4 087
6 717
36 577
25 933
865
25 494
3 961
8 219
17 841
8 122
10 487

348 955
184 976
89 350
19 498
157 569
83 033
195 216
5 056
44 224
112 062
6 760
36 832
660 204
210 750
8641.98
829 994
6 763
50 733
828 247
14 746
17 052
238 373
100 687
16 107
398 020
20 669
39 550
64 199
196 250
152 634
130 102
32 906
12 882
319 926
228 943
21 711
152 901
1547 289
99 976
1 628
125 342
842
56 965
91 331
501 098
422 724
11 849
437 391
66 186
102 715
327 099
129 354
125 228

3.3
3.1
3.1
3.6
2.3
2.9
3.0
1.2
2.7
2.2
3.8
3.1
3.0
4.8
6.0
2.3
3.5
2.9
2.1
2.7
3.3
2.5
2.8
3.5
3.8
2.5
3.3
4.6
2.8
3.0
2.2
2.7
1.4
2.6
2.5
2.1
3.1
2.9
3.3
2.5
2.8
1.0
1.9
5.6
2.5
3.3
3.0
3.1
3.1
2.7
3.0
3.3
3.6

2.5
2.7
3.5
3.0
2.9
2.6
3.0
2.3
2.5
3.2
2.8
2.9
3.4
3.6
5.0
2.1
1.7
1.5
3.3
3.0
3.8
2.8
3.6
2.9
3.4
1.5
-1.1
2.1
2.9
3.8
2.5
2.6
0.9
1.9
1.3
4.2
3.2
2.9
-0.1
2.2
2.9
1.4
1.7
0.0
2.3
2.4
3.2
3.2
2.9
2.1
3.7
2.9
3.0

1.5
2.6
3.1
1.5
3.4
2.8
2.2
1.4
1.9
2.6
2.3
1.9
2.7
2.3
1.7
1.8
2.6
2.9
2.6
1.8
2.7
2.1
2.4
2.2
2.6
0.8
4.2
2.0
2.7
2.8
2.4
2.3
0.7
1.2
2.3
1.9
3.9
2.3
2.8
1.6
2.6
0.5
2.4
2.3
0.9
2.2
1.5
2.9
2.4
1.0
3.3
2.5
0.5

2 144
59 728
2 675
12 535
6 914
198
22 345
82
22 903
12 317
8
22 556
135 207
10 328
6
59
1 708
1 576
13 705
21 826
461
6 094
6 904
2 120
3 582
7
3 455
217
13 023
3 567
13 072
317
38
4 328
19 512
8 033
1 328
13 137
344
27
8 898
40
2 851
7 515
9 203
70 491
518
37 318
486
959
4 059
44 676
19 105

2 277
59 104
2 351
11 943
6 794
152
21 245
84
22 755
11 921
5
22 471
133 610
10 405
6
67
1 632
1 554
13 000
21 775
471
5 517
6 724
2 072
3 522
8
3 154
217
12 838
3 402
12 572
267
37
4 364
19 262
7 661
1 266
11 089
480
27
8 673
40
2 754
7 131
9 203
67 546
541
35 257
386
1 056
3 627
42 452
17 540

0.1
4.3
0.4
7.3
0.6
0.0
1.4
0.2
5.9
1.5
0.0
7.0
2.7
0.6
0.0
0.0
4.0
0.4
0.2
18.5
0.3
0.3
0.8
1.5
0.1
0.0
1.1
0.0
0.8
0.3
1.3
0.1
0.0
0.2
1.1
4.3
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.2
0.9
0.5
0.6
1.1
0.2
2.1
0.5
1.1
0.1
0.1
0.2
4.3
1.5

0.1
3.7
0.3
6.5
0.5
0.0
1.2
0.2
5.4
1.2
0.0
6.2
2.3
0.6
0.0
0.0
3.4
0.3
0.2
16.9
0.3
0.2
0.7
1.3
0.1
0.0
0.9
0.0
0.7
0.3
1.1
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.9
3.8
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.7
0.5
0.5
0.9
0.2
1.8
0.5
0.9
0.1
0.1
0.1
3.7
1.3

Algérie
Angola
Bénin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroun
Cap Vert
Rép. Centraf.
Tchad
Comores
Congo
Congo (RDC)
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypte
Guinée Equat.
Erythrée
Ethiopie
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Guinée
Guinée Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Libéria
Libye
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritanie
Maurice
Maroc
Mozambique
Namibie
Niger
Nigéria
Rwanda
São T. & Principe
Sénégal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalie
Afrique du Sud
Soudan
Swaziland
Tanzanie
Togo
Tunisie
Ouganda
Zambie
Zimbabwe

479 124
46 786
123 478
93 075
82 416
133 369
49 401
175 365
208 969
133 274
120 175
18 715
40 181

636 591
62 982
167 883
119 755
107 052
178 919
64 618
228 794
282 714
178 803
158 527
25 040
55 195

10083 541
1070 046
2754 799
1698 695
1605 093
2954 907
868 701
5434 088
4408 672
2953 280
2703 530
409 842
948 308

2.9
2.9
3.0
2.6
2.8
2.9
3.0
2.8
2.8
2.9
2.9
2.7
3.1

2.7
3.2
2.9
2.2
2.5
2.9
2.2
2.5
2.9
2.9
2.8
2.9
3.1

2.3
2.5
2.7
1.6
1.8
2.5
1.4
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.2
2.3
2.9

654 505
238 862
138 842
8 024
189 945
78 832
7 965
103 153
377 963
78 805
349 487
103 655
45 821

634 307
235 409
132 320
8 248
183 991
74 339
8 181
97 793
367 184
74 312
340 060
101 799
44 519

0.8
2.9
0.6
0.1
1.4
0.3
0.1
0.4
1.0
0.3
1.7
3.1
0.6

0.7
2.4
0.5
0.1
1.2
0.3
0.1
0.3
0.9
0.3
1.5
2.7
0.5

Afrique
Afrique centrale
Afrique de l'Est
Afrique du Nord
Afrique australe
Afrique de l'Ouest
Uma
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Cedeao
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Uemoa

Region
Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
Amu
Cen-SAD
Comesa
Ecowas
Sadc
Udeac/Cemac
Waemu

64

Pays

1980

Région

INVESTMENT CLIMATE
AND INFRASTRUCTURE
CLIMAT DES AFFAIRES
ET INFRASTRUCTURES

ALGERIA

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

13 746.2
7 024.9
3 259.5
2 921.2
531.8
312.4
6 721.3
3 388.1
2 606.2
471.7
255.3
3.01
3.33
2.67
3.22
95.7
110.5
101.8
8.7
...
...
...
...
7.4
...
140.5
128.8
146.8
52.9
54.0
51.9
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
76.1
58.2
93.4
11.2
6.5
16.0
...
...
...
...
...
26.0
42.4
...
...
...
...
...

16 018.2
8 116.9
3 741.1
3 422.2
587.5
366.1
7 901.3
3 885.5
3 189.1
523.1
303.6
3.13
2.80
3.48
3.24
97.3
107.4
98.8
8.7
...
...
...
...
7.3
...
118.9
109.4
122.6
56.2
57.2
55.2
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
92.7
75.5
109.4
20.0
13.7
26.0
...
...
...
76.6
63.9
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

18 811.2
9 371.4
4 229.9
4 063.0
674.7
403.8
9 439.8
4 392.7
4 063.0
631.5
352.6
3.27
3.04
3.51
3.19
100.7
99.4
91.4
8.0
...
...
...
...
6.9
...
94.8
86.7
99.4
59.6
60.7
58.5
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
94.5
80.7
107.7
33.0
26.0
39.8
...
...
...
80.9
70.7
36.7
...
4 555.0
21.4
35.9
14.9
21.0

22 097.3
10 985.0
4 862.5
4 876.2
799.4
446.9
11 112.4
5 061.8
4 915.4
760.0
375.1
3.05
3.04
3.06
2.97
101.2
94.7
87.4
7.2
...
...
...
...
5.9
...
74.0
67.7
78.1
63.7
65.0
62.6
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
93.6
83.5
103.2
51.4
44.0
59.0
...
...
...
86.0
78.0
39.8
36.3
5 465.0
21.8
31.2
13.8
17.4

25 282.5
12 546.9
5 323.3
5 786.8
936.3
500.5
12 735.7
5 555.8
5 891.8
876.4
411.7
2.51
2.48
2.55
2.53
101.5
87.4
80.6
6.8
...
...
...
...
4.7
160.0
58.8
53.8
63.4
67.0
68.3
65.9
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
100.2
91.6
108.4
60.8
54.0
67.3
...
...
...
92.9
86.5
39.1
39.0
7 040.0
23.6
27.1
13.5
13.6

28 265.3
14 007.9
5 473.5
6 935.7
1 018.5
580.3
14 257.4
5 720.0
7 112.4
951.6
473.4
1.93
1.91
1.94
1.91
101.8
76.5
69.9
6.6
...
...
...
56.9
3.4
75.5
50.3
42.7
56.8
68.5
69.8
67.2
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
106.6
100.4
112.6
62.5
59.0
65.7
...
...
...
95.1
91.3
44.0
44.1
9 018.0
25.6
25.9
13.1
12.8

GENDER
Dependency Ratio (per 100)
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
1970

1985

1995

Total

2006

2007

2008

Age 0-14

2009

Age 65+

Maternal Mortality Rates
(per 100,000)
200
180
160

.

140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Primary School
Enrolment (Gross)
(%)

Ratio

150

100.0

120

80.0

90

60.0

60

40.0

30

20.0
0.0

0

2005-08

2004

2000

1995

1985

1970

Male

Female

F/M

Economically active population
(per cent)
90
80
70
60
50
40

Male

30

Female

20
10
0

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2000

1995

1985

1970

66

Total Population ('000)
Female Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Male Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Population Growth Rate -Total (%)
Female
Male
Rate of Natural Increase (%)
Sex Ratio (per 100 females)
Dependency Ratio - Total (%)
Age 0-14
Age 65+
Singulate Mean Age at Marriage (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (%)
Total Fertility Rate (per woman)
Maternal Mortality Rate (per 100,000)
Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Female (per 1,000)
, )
Male (p
(per 1,000)
Life Expectancy at Birth - Total (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Gender Ratio F/M
Average Size of Households-Overall
Urban
Rural
Households Headed by Women - Total (%)
Urban (%)
Rural (%)
Adult Illiteracy Rate - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Secondary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
School Life Expectancy - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Net ) (%)
Female (%)
Female School Teachers - Primary (%)
Secondary (%)
Economically active population ('000)
Female (as % of total)
Econ. active pop. in agric. (as % of Total)
Female (%)
Male (%)

ALGÉRIE

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement
2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

30 506.1
15 114.0
5 081.8
8 195.6
1 139.4
697.2
15 392.0
5 313.4
8 458.9
1 038.3
581.4
1.43
1.43
1.44
1.55
101.8
62.0
55.2
6.8
...
...
...
64.0
2.6
45.0
42.0
31.9
50.3
70.1
71.3
68.8
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
107.8
103.1
112.3
...
...
...
...
...
...
91.6
89.9
46.1
...
11 071.0
28.3
24.5
12.6
11.9

32 854.5
16 271.3
4 760.8
9 309.7
1 381.0
819.8
16 583.2
4 979.8
9 608.8
1 320.6
674.0
1.50
1.49
1.50
1.58
101.9
52.0
45.1
6.9
...
...
...
...
2.4
180.0
33.9
24.1
43.0
71.7
73.0
70.4
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
26.3
35.8
16.9
111.7
107.3
115.8
83.2
86.3
80.3
11.6
11.6
11.7
96.6
95.4
50.5
...
13 093.0
30.7
22.9
11.9
11.0

33 351.5
16 516.6
4 718.0
9 518.5
1 441.4
838.7
16 834.9
4 935.2
9 822.5
1 389.1
688.1
1.50
1.50
1.51
1.58
101.9
50.4
43.5
7.3
...
...
...
61.4
2.4
...
32.7
22.9
41.8
72.0
73.3
70.6
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
25.4
34.7
16.3
110.5
106.3
114.4
...
...
...
...
...
...
95.2
94.0
51.5
...
13 504.0
31.1
22.5
11.6
10.8

33 858.2
16 766.9
4 683.7
9 722.1
1 505.5
855.6
17 091.3
4 899.4
10 030.9
1 460.0
700.9
1.51
1.50
1.51
1.58
101.9
49.0
42.2
7.5
...
...
...
...
2.4
...
31.5
21.6
40.5
72.2
73.6
70.8
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
24.6
33.6
15.7
109.9
106.2
113.4
...
...
...
...
...
...
95.5
94.7
53.0
...
13 904.0
32.0
22.2
11.6
10.6

34 373.4
17 021.5
4 661.9
9 914.3
1 573.6
871.8
17 351.9
4 876.5
10 227.6
1 534.6
713.2
1.51
1.51
1.51
1.58
101.9
47.8
41.0
7.5
...
...
...
...
2.4
...
30.4
20.7
39.3
72.4
73.9
71.0
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
107.5
104.1
110.8
...
...
...
...
...
...
94.9
94.2
53.2
...
14 269.0
32.7
21.9
11.5
10.4

34 895.5
17 279.7
4 657.2
10 086.8
1 646.6
889.1
17 615.8
4 871.5
10 403.7
1 614.7
725.9
1.51
1.51
1.51
1.58
101.9
46.9
40.1
7.3
...
...
...
...
2.3
...
29.3
19.8
38.1
72.7
74.1
71.2
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
14 616.0
33.3
21.6
11.3
10.2

RUBRIQUE

GENRE
Population totale ('000)
Population féminine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Population masculine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Taux de croissance de la pop. -Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux d'accroissement naturel (%)
Rapport de masculinité (pour 100 femmes)
Taux de dépendence - Total (%)
0-14 ans
65+ ans
Age moyen au mariage (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Taux de prévalence contraceptive (%)
Indice synthétique de fécondité (par femme)
Taux de mortalité maternelle (pour 100000)
Taux de mortalité infantile (pour 1000)
Femme (pour 1000)
Homme (p
(pour 1000)
Espérance de vie à la naissance - Totale (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Ratio de genre F/H
Taille moyenne des ménages - Ensemble
Urbain
Rural
Femmes chefs de ménages - Total (%)
Urbain (%)
Rural (%)
Taux d'analphabétisme des adultes - Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au secondaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Espérance de vie scolaire - Totale (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux net de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Personnel enseignant féminin - primaire (%)
secondaire (%)
Population active totale ('000)
Femme (en % de la pop. tot.)
Participation de la pop. active agricole (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)

Taux de dépendance (pour 100)
2009
2008
2007
2006
1995
1985
1970

0

20

40

60

65+ ans

0-14 ans

80

100

120

Total

Taux de mortalité maternelle
(pour 100000)
200
180
160
140

.

120
100
80
60
40
20
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Taux bruts de scolarisation au primaire
Ratio

(%)

100.0

140
120

80.0

100
80

60.0

60

40.0

40
20.0

20

0.0

0
1970 1985 1995 2000 2004 200508
Total

Filles

F/G

Participation de la
population active (%)

Hommes
Femmes

80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1970

1995

2003

2005

2007

2009

67

ALGERIA

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970-74

1975-79

1980-84

1985-89

1990-94

1995

...
...
5.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
12.4
...
284.2
54 050.0
2 091.8
55.1
44.3
...
50.0
...
...
...
47.4
14.9

...
...
6.7
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
38.0
98.8
...
18 930.0
2 536.9
64.5
55.8
...
...
...
12.0
...
44.4
12.4

2 309
...
5.9
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
6.9
7.6
...
42.7
298.5
...
1 608.0
2 584.0
68.3
62.5
...
9.0
...
...
96.5
39.4
9.0

2 595
...
8.0
...
...
...
12.2
6.6
...
31.5
2.8
12.2
18.5
90.0
42.9
299.6
257.1
10 265.0
2 862.7
77.2
69.5
...
...
9.1
9.0
70.9
33.1
6.8

1 651
3.3
6.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
9.8
2.1
...
89.1
...
207.9
23 772.0
2 863.4
79.1
69.1
41.0
5.0
9.2
9.0
58.1
26.2
5.8

1 578
3.3
5.7
...
...
...
22.6
23.6
...
26.9
2.8
9.8
15.0
98.0
96.6
293.7
196.0
17 177.0
2 890.1
78.5
71.7
42.0
...
12.8
...
56.3
24.8
5.7

...
...
...
...
...
83.01
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
84.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
83.02
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

238 174.0
2.90
0.25
0.13
13.48
82.90
...
...
...
...
...
77.0
70.0
100.0
...
95.0
...
...
298.1
3 283.9
1 527.0

74 984.0
3.50
1.74
10.54
3.0
563.3
11.2

238 174.0
2.99
0.23
0.16
13.05
82.89
...
...
...
...
...
77.0
55.0
86.0
59.0
...
...
...
366.5
3 734.2
1 736.4

78 874.5
3.20
1.71
14.45
3.5
485.7
11.2

238 174.0
3.14
0.22
0.23
13.28
82.55
1 931.5
...
...
...
...
79.0
88.0
99.0
88.0
99.0
0.9
...
458.7
4 316.7
2 007.3

84 244.8
3.04
1.86
19.89
4.5
429.0
11.2

238 174.0
3.16
0.21
0.23
13.28
82.53
1 966.9
...
...
...
...
93.0
87.0
98.0
90.0
99.0
...
...
471.8
4 389.0
2 040.9

88 063.6
3.12
1.88
19.71
...
...
...

POVERTY
Per Capita GNI (US $)
4500
4000
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0
2007

2005

2003

2001

1990

1980

1970

Daily per Capita Calorie Supply

3500
3000

.

2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

GNI Per Capita (US$)
Public Expenditure - on Health (as % of GDP)
on Education (as % of GNI)
Human Development Index Value (0 to 1)
Rank (out of 182)
Human Poverty Index (HPI-1) Value (%)
Population Below National Poverty Line (%)
Below Inter. Poverty Line ( $2 /day) (%)
Household Income Spent on Food (%)
Share of Income Held by Richest 10%
Share of Income Held by Poorest 10%
Share of Agriculture in Total GDP (%)
Growth of Value Added in Agriculture (%)
Access to Health Care (%)
Physician per 100,000 People
Nurse per 100,000 People
Hospital Beds per 100,000 People
Food Aid in Cereals ('000 MT)
Daily per Capita Calorie Supply
Daily per Capita Protein Supply (grams)
Daily per Capita Fat Supply (grams)
Incidence of Tuberculosis (per 100000 inhab.)
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of pop.)
Underweight Children Under Age 5 (%)
Low Birthweight Babies (% of births)
Under Five Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Birth Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Death Rate (p
(per 1,000)
, )

ENVIRONMENT
Land Area ('000 ha)
Arable Land (as % of land area)
Permanent Crops Use (as % land area)
Irrigated Land (% of land area)
Permanent Pasture Use (as % of land area)
Other Land Use (as % of land area)
Total Forest Area ('000 ha)
Annual Rate of Deforestation (%)
Annual Rate of Reforestation (%)
Natural Forest Cover ('000 ha)

Access to Safe Water
(% of total population)
94
92
.

90
88
86
84
82
80
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Fuelwood Production Trends (Non-coniferous) ,
(Mn m3)
3,000
2,500
2,000
1,500
1,000
500
0
19801990 19952000 200220032004 20052006 20072008

68

Nationally Protected Areas ('000 Km2)
Access to Safe Water (% of total population)
% Rural
% Urban
Access to Sanitation (% of population)
% Urban
Energy Consumption per Capita ('000 MT)
Emissions of Organic Water Pollutants (kg/day)
Charcoal Production ('000 MT)
Fuelwood Production (Coniferous) ('000 m3)
(Non-coniferous) ('000 m3)
Traditional Fuel Use (% total energy use)
CO2 Emissions - Total ('000 MT)
Per Capita (MT)
Kg per 2000 $ of GDP
Electricity Production (Billion kwh)
Annual Freshwater Withdrawals (m3)
Per Capita Cubic Meters (Internal)
Annual Internal Renew. Water Resources (m3)

ALGÉRIE

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement
2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

1 610
2.5
...
...
...
23.4
...
...
...
...
...
8.4
- 5.0
98.0
106.0
285.2
191.6
36 449.0
2 919.9
79.0
67.2
48.0
...
14.3
...
46.1
20.6
5.2

2 720
2.6
...
...
...
21.5
...
...
...
...
...
7.7
2.0
...
92.9
238.2
...
29 095.0
3 093.9
86.5
68.5
54.0
...
...
...
36.5
20.7
5.0

3 110
3.4
...
...
...
18.1
...
...
...
...
...
7.6
8.1
...
...
...
...
10 356.0
...
...
...
55.0
...
3.7
...
35.1
20.8
4.9

3 610
...
...
0.754
104
...
...
...
...
...
...
7.5
4.6
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
57.0
...
...
...
33.7
20.8
4.9

4 260
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
6.2
1.7
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
32.5
20.8
4.9

238 174.0
3.22
0.22
0.24
13.36
82.30
2 144.0
- 1.3
...
...
...
89.0
84.0
93.0
92.0
99.0
1.0
...
547.4
4 828.8
2 245.4

83 645.4
2.74
1.53
25.41
...
...
...

238 174.0
3.15
0.36
0.24
13.79
81.74
2 276.8
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
619.1
5 234.7
2 434.1

88 567.0
2.70
1.28
32.88
...
...
...

238 174.0
3.14
0.38
0.24
13.77
81.74
2 303.4
...
...
...
...
85.0
81.0
87.0
94.0
98.0
...
...
631.3
5 301.8
2 465.3

94 681.9
2.84
1.34
35.23
...
...
...

238 174.0
3.14
0.39
0.24
13.80
81.70
2 329.9
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
643.7
5 369.9
2 497.0

101 352.0
2.99
1.39
...
...
342.1
11.2

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
656.4
5 439.2
2 529.2

105 605.3
3.07
1.42
...
...
...
...

2009

RUBRIQUE

PAUVRETE
...
RNB par habitant ($EU)
...
Dépenses publiques de santé en % du PIB
...
d'éducation en % du RNB
...
Valeur de l'Indice de dév. humain (de 0 à 1)
...
Rang (sur 182)
...
Valeur de l'Indice de pauvreté (IPH-1) (%)
...
Pop. sous le seuil national de pauvreté (%)
...
sous le seuil inter. de pauvreté (2$/J) (%)
... Revenu des ménages aux dépenses aliment. (%)
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus riches
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus pauvres
...
Part de l'agriculture dans PIB (%)
...
Croissance de la valeur ajoutée agricole (%)
...
Accès aux soins de santé (%)
...
Médécins pour 100000 habitants
...
Infirmières pour 100000 habitants
...
Lits d'hopitaux pour 100000 habitants
...
Aide alimentaire en céréales ('000 TM)
...
Apport journalier en calories par habitant
...
Apport journalier en protéines par habt (gr)
...
Apport journalier en lipides par habit. (gr)
...
Incidence de tuberculose (pour 100000)
...
Prévalence de la malnutrition (% de pop.)
...
Insuffisance pondérale des < 5 ans (%)
... Insuffisance pondérale néonatale (% des naiss.)
31.2
Taux de mortalité des < 5 ans (pour 1000)
20.7
Taux brut de natalité (pour 1000)
4.9
Taux brut de mortalité (pour
(p
1000))

RNB par habitant ($ EU)
4500
4000
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0
1970

1980

1990

2001

2003

2005

2007

RNB par Habitant

Apport journalier en calories
par habitant
3500
3000
2500

.

2000
1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

ENVIRONNEMENT
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Superficie des terres ('000 ha)
Terres arables (% sup des terres)
Terres cultivables (% sup. des terres)
Terres irriguées (% sup. des terres)
Prairies & pâturages permanents (% de terres)
Autres terres (en % des superf. des terres)
Superficie totale des forêts ('000 ha)
Taux annuel de déforestation (%)
Taux annuel de reboisement (%)
Etendue des forêts naturelles ('000 ha)
2

Zones nationales protégées ('000 Km )
Accès à l'eau potable (% de la pop. totale)
Rural (% de la pop. totale)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Accès aux services d'assainis. (% de la pop.)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Energie consommée par habitant ('000 TM)
Emissions de polluants d'eau organiques (kg/j)
Production du charbon ('000 TM)
3

Prod. de bois de chauffe (Conifères) ('000 m )
3
(Non conifères) ('000 m )
Combustibles tradit. utilisés (% d'énergie tot.)
Emissions totales du CO2 ('000 TM)
Par habitant (TM)
Kg par PIB en $ de 2000
Production d'électricité (en md de Kwh)
Prélèvements annuels d'eau douce (m3)
mètre cube par habitant (intérieure)

Accès à l'eau potable
(% de la pop. totale)
94
92
90

.

88
86
84
82
80
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Prod. de bois de chauffe (non conifères)
(millions de m3)
3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

3

Ressources d'eau intér. renouvelables (m /an)

69

ANGOLA

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

6 083.2
3 098.5
1 409.0
1 359.9
237.5
92.1
2 984.7
1 389.3
1 315.5
209.7
70.2
2.08
2.06
2.09
2.49
96.3
94.8
89.6
5.2
...
19.4
24.5
...
7.3
...
179.3
159.2
197.5
37.0
38.6
35.5
1.09
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
75.3
53.2
97.9
7.8
6.4
9.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

6 815.1
3 467.9
1 583.8
1 522.0
258.3
103.7
3 347.2
1 566.9
1 471.3
229.4
79.6
2.47
2.44
2.49
2.66
96.5
95.8
90.5
5.2
...
...
...
...
7.2
...
166.2
154.8
180.0
39.1
40.7
37.5
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
129.8
97.9
162.0
8.8
5.1
12.6
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

7 854.0
3 991.7
1 834.8
1 751.2
286.3
118.9
3 862.3
1 821.0
1 693.4
255.2
92.2
3.20
3.17
3.22
2.85
96.8
97.0
91.5
5.3
...
...
...
...
7.2
...
156.3
148.7
173.6
40.5
42.2
39.0
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
174.7
162.0
186.7
20.5
9.2
32.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
3 421.0
45.7
76.1
39.9
36.2

9 331.3
4 737.7
2 198.7
2 074.4
324.9
138.4
4 593.6
2 186.0
2 007.5
290.6
107.9
3.15
3.13
3.17
2.93
97.0
98.5
92.7
5.2
...
...
...
...
7.2
...
151.9
146.4
173.3
41.2
42.9
39.5
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
106.5
96.1
117.1
13.9
11.2
16.7
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
4 047.0
46.0
75.3
39.7
35.6

10 661.5
5 410.3
2 542.3
2 358.8
352.0
153.9
5 251.2
2 526.9
2 285.1
315.5
120.4
2.86
2.85
2.87
3.00
97.1
100.5
94.2
5.1
...
...
...
...
7.2
1 399.0
147.6
142.2
171.7
42.0
43.8
40.2
1.09
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
91.7
87.9
95.5
12.3
9.8
14.9
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
4 602.0
46.4
74.5
39.7
34.8

12 539.1
6 360.2
3 001.0
2 784.3
393.9
176.1
6 178.9
2 981.1
2 701.2
353.0
138.1
3.02
3.02
3.03
2.88
97.1
100.9
94.6
4.9
...
...
...
...
7.0
1 300.0
143.7
136.2
165.3
42.7
44.5
40.9
1.09
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
72.0
67.3
76.3
12.3
9.8
14.8
...
...
...
33.8
...
...
...
5 397.0
45.6
73.0
38.4
34.6

GENDER
Dependency Ratio (per 100)
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
1970

1985

1995

Total

2006

2007

2008

Age 0-14

2009

Age 65+

Maternal Mortality Rates
(per 100,000)
505
500
495

.

490
485
480
475
470
465
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Primary School
Enrolment (Gross)
(%)

Ratio

150

100.0

120

80.0

90

60.0

60

40.0

30

20.0
0.0

0

2005-08

2004

2000

1995

1985

1970

Male

Female

F/M

Economically active population
(per cent)
60
50
40
30
Male

20

Female

10
0
2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2000

1995

1985

1970

70

Total Population ('000)
Female Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Male Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Population Growth Rate -Total (%)
Female
Male
Rate of Natural Increase (%)
Sex Ratio (per 100 females)
Dependency Ratio - Total (%)
Age 0-14
Age 65+
Singulate Mean Age at Marriage (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (%)
Total Fertility Rate (per woman)
Maternal Mortality Rate (per 100,000)
Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Female (per 1,000)
, )
Male (p
(per 1,000)
Life Expectancy at Birth - Total (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Gender Ratio F/M
Average Size of Households-Overall
Urban
Rural
Households Headed by Women - Total (%)
Urban (%)
Rural (%)
Adult Illiteracy Rate - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Secondary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
School Life Expectancy - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Net ) (%)
Female (%)
Female School Teachers - Primary (%)
Secondary (%)
Economically active population ('000)
Female (as % of total)
Econ. active pop. in agric. (as % of Total)
Female (%)
Male (%)

ANGOLA

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement
2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

14 279.5
7 242.0
3 372.1
3 233.2
431.9
197.7
7 037.5
3 347.9
3 139.4
384.5
155.5
2.72
2.72
2.73
2.79
97.2
98.2
92.5
4.8
...
...
...
...
6.8
1 850.0
138.5
131.8
155.4
43.6
45.4
41.7
1.09
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
14.3
12.9
15.7
...
...
...
...
...
...
30.1
6 197.0
45.8
71.8
38.1
33.6

16 617.6
8 425.7
3 855.3
3 823.9
504.5
227.4
8 191.9
3 828.6
3 719.4
441.5
179.1
2.94
2.94
2.95
2.69
97.2
94.9
90.7
4.7
...
...
...
...
6.2
1 400.0
125.4
126.7
144.3
45.5
47.5
43.6
1.09
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
7 260.0
46.3
70.5
37.9
32.5

17 089.1
8 664.7
3 940.4
3 952.6
520.6
234.1
8 424.4
3 912.9
3 845.9
454.5
184.5
2.80
2.80
2.80
2.65
97.2
93.8
90.2
4.7
...
...
...
...
6.1
...
122.3
125.4
142.0
46.0
48.0
44.1
1.09
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
7 479.0
46.7
70.3
38.1
32.2

17 554.6
8 900.8
4 019.2
4 083.9
536.9
241.0
8 653.7
3 990.7
3 975.2
467.9
190.1
2.69
2.69
2.69
2.62
97.2
92.6
89.6
4.7
...
...
...
...
5.9
...
119.3
124.1
139.8
46.5
48.5
44.6
1.09
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
7 727.0
46.7
70.0
38.0
32.0

18 020.7
9 137.4
4 095.0
4 217.5
553.7
248.2
8 883.3
4 065.5
4 106.7
482.0
195.8
2.62
2.62
2.62
2.59
97.2
91.4
89.0
4.8
...
...
...
...
5.8
...
116.3
122.4
137.6
47.1
49.1
45.1
1.09
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
7 962.0
46.9
69.8
38.1
31.7

18 497.6
9 379.4
4 173.2
4 353.2
571.2
255.6
9 118.2
4 142.6
4 240.2
496.9
201.7
2.61
2.61
2.61
2.58
97.2
90.2
88.5
4.8
...
...
...
...
5.6
...
113.5
120.6
135.5
47.6
49.6
45.6
1.09
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
8 201.0
47.1
69.5
38.1
31.4

RUBRIQUE

GENRE
Population totale ('000)
Population féminine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Population masculine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Taux de croissance de la pop. -Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux d'accroissement naturel (%)
Rapport de masculinité (pour 100 femmes)
Taux de dépendence - Total (%)
0-14 ans
65+ ans
Age moyen au mariage (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Taux de prévalence contraceptive (%)
Indice synthétique de fécondité (par femme)
Taux de mortalité maternelle (pour 100000)
Taux de mortalité infantile (pour 1000)
Femme (pour 1000)
Homme (p
(pour 1000)
Espérance de vie à la naissance - Totale (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Ratio de genre F/H
Taille moyenne des ménages - Ensemble
Urbain
Rural
Femmes chefs de ménages - Total (%)
Urbain (%)
Rural (%)
Taux d'analphabétisme des adultes - Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au secondaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Espérance de vie scolaire - Totale (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux net de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Personnel enseignant féminin - primaire (%)
secondaire (%)
Population active totale ('000)
Femme (en % de la pop. tot.)
Participation de la pop. active agricole (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)

Taux de dépendance (pour 100)
2009
2008
2007
2006
1995
1985
1970

0

20

40

60

65+ ans

0-14 ans

80

100

120

Total

Taux de mortalité maternelle
(pour 100000)
505
500
495
.

490
485
480
475
470
465
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Taux bruts de scolarisation au primaire
Ratio

(%)
160

100.0

140

80.0

120
100

60.0

80
40.0

60
40

20.0

20

0.0

0
1970 1985 1995 2000 2004 200508
Total

Filles

F/G

Participation de la
population active (%)

Hommes
Femmes

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1970

1995

2003

2005

2007

2009

71

ANGOLA

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970-74

1975-79

1980-84

1985-89

1990-94

1995

...
...
5.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
11.6
52.3
272.1
...
1 831.9
38.5
32.0
...
38.0
...
...
...
51.9
25.7

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
10 880.0
1 918.2
44.2
46.0
...
...
...
...
...
52.4
24.2

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
11.7
8.3
70.0
5.9
93.7
...
83 725.0
1 636.2
42.1
38.3
...
37.0
...
19.0
266.9
52.8
23.6

728
...
6.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
19.1
3.8
40.0
...
...
...
98 384.0
1 557.0
37.5
41.9
...
...
20.0
19.0
259.0
52.8
22.9

189
3.9
4.9
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
6.6
...
24.0
4.2
...
113.9
229 599.0
1 615.9
35.0
33.6
222.0
58.0
...
...
251.1
51.1
21.9

314
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
7.3
21.1
...
...
...
...
231 163.0
1 663.4
34.9
35.6
226.0
...
...
...
249.7
50.5
21.7

...
...
...
...
...
5.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
5.11
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

124 670.0
2.33
0.40
0.06
43.31
5.17
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
105.2
...
2 062.0

3 413.2
0.38
0.56
1.03
...
19 639.1
148.0

124 670.0
2.33
0.40
0.06
43.31
5.27
...
...
...
...
...
28.0
18.0
75.0
17.8
25.0
...
...
123.8
...
2 268.9

4 734.8
0.46
0.64
1.10
0.5
16 993.9
148.0

124 670.0
2.41
0.40
0.06
43.31
5.37
60 476.8
...
...
...
...
32.0
15.0
69.0
16.0
34.0
0.6
...
169.5
...
2 790.8

7 389.4
0.61
1.37
0.96
...
14 926.9
148.0

124 670.0
2.41
0.40
0.06
43.31
5.47
60 352.0
...
...
...
...
40.0
40.0
39.0
30.0
57.0
...
...
171.9
...
2 810.3

12 147.9
0.97
1.96
0.96
...
...
...

POVERTY
Per Capita GNI (US $)
250
200
150
100
50
0
2007

2005

2003

2001

1990

1980

1970

Daily per Capita Calorie Supply

2500
2000

.

1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

GNI Per Capita (US$)
Public Expenditure - on Health (as % of GDP)
on Education (as % of GNI)
Human Development Index Value (0 to 1)
Rank (out of 182)
Human Poverty Index (HPI-1) Value (%)
Population Below National Poverty Line (%)
Below Inter. Poverty Line ( $2 /day) (%)
Household Income Spent on Food (%)
Share of Income Held by Richest 10%
Share of Income Held by Poorest 10%
Share of Agriculture in Total GDP (%)
Growth of Value Added in Agriculture (%)
Access to Health Care (%)
Physician per 100,000 People
Nurse per 100,000 People
Hospital Beds per 100,000 People
Food Aid in Cereals ('000 MT)
Daily per Capita Calorie Supply
Daily per Capita Protein Supply (grams)
Daily per Capita Fat Supply (grams)
Incidence of Tuberculosis (per 100000 inhab.)
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of pop.)
Underweight Children Under Age 5 (%)
Low Birthweight Babies (% of births)
Under Five Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Birth Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Death Rate (p
(per 1,000)
, )

ENVIRONMENT
Land Area ('000 ha)
Arable Land (as % of land area)
Permanent Crops Use (as % land area)
Irrigated Land (% of land area)
Permanent Pasture Use (as % of land area)
Other Land Use (as % of land area)
Total Forest Area ('000 ha)
Annual Rate of Deforestation (%)
Annual Rate of Reforestation (%)
Natural Forest Cover ('000 ha)

Access to Safe Water
(% of total population)
80
78
76

.

74
72
70
68
66
64
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Fuelwood Production Trends (Non-coniferous) ,
(Mn m3)
10,000
9,000
8,000
7,000
6,000
5,000
4,000
3,000
2,000
1,000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

72

Nationally Protected Areas ('000 Km2)
Access to Safe Water (% of total population)
% Rural
% Urban
Access to Sanitation (% of population)
% Urban
Energy Consumption per Capita ('000 MT)
Emissions of Organic Water Pollutants (kg/day)
Charcoal Production ('000 MT)
Fuelwood Production (Coniferous) ('000 m3)
(Non-coniferous) ('000 m3)
Traditional Fuel Use (% total energy use)
CO2 Emissions - Total ('000 MT)
Per Capita (MT)
Kg per 2000 $ of GDP
Electricity Production (Billion kwh)
Annual Freshwater Withdrawals (m3)
Per Capita Cubic Meters (Internal)
Annual Internal Renew. Water Resources (m3)

ANGOLA

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement

RUBRIQUE

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

410
1.8
3.2
...
...
...
...
70.2
...
44.7
0.6
5.7
18.8
24.0
11.5
170.8
...
212 338.0
1 748.6
38.1
37.9
250.0
...
45.2
...
240.0
48.4
20.5

1 320
1.5
3.0
...
...
40.3
...
...
...
...
...
7.7
7.9
...
16.5
245.4
...
37 578.0
1 902.1
42.4
43.8
276.0
44.0
...
...
218.9
45.3
18.4

1 910
2.3
...
...
...
40.5
...
...
...
...
...
8.9
11.7
...
...
...
...
7 239.0
...
...
...
281.0
...
...
...
213.5
44.4
17.9

2 590
...
...
0.564
143
...
...
...
...
...
...
9.0
14.7
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
287.0
...
...
...
208.1
43.6
17.4

3 450
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
7.8
11.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
202.7
42.9
16.9

...
RNB par habitant ($EU)
...
Dépenses publiques de santé en % du PIB
...
d'éducation en % du RNB
...
Valeur de l'Indice de dév. humain (de 0 à 1)
...
Rang (sur 182)
...
Valeur de l'Indice de pauvreté (IPH-1) (%)
...
Pop. sous le seuil national de pauvreté (%)
...
sous le seuil inter. de pauvreté (2$/J) (%)
... Revenu des ménages aux dépenses aliment. (%)
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus riches
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus pauvres
...
Part de l'agriculture dans PIB (%)
...
Croissance de la valeur ajoutée agricole (%)
...
Accès aux soins de santé (%)
...
Médécins pour 100000 habitants
...
Infirmières pour 100000 habitants
...
Lits d'hopitaux pour 100000 habitants
...
Aide alimentaire en céréales ('000 TM)
...
Apport journalier en calories par habitant
...
Apport journalier en protéines par habt (gr)
...
Apport journalier en lipides par habit. (gr)
...
Incidence de tuberculose (pour 100000)
...
Prévalence de la malnutrition (% de pop.)
...
Insuffisance pondérale des < 5 ans (%)
... Insuffisance pondérale néonatale (% des naiss.)
197.5
Taux de mortalité des < 5 ans (pour 1000)
42.3
Taux brut de natalité (pour 1000)
16.5
Taux brut de mortalité (pour
(p
1000))

124 670.0
2.41
0.24
0.06
43.31
6.13
59 728.0
0.2
...
...
...
44.0
39.0
49.0
40.0
67.0
0.6
...
205.1
...
3 163.2

13 032.8
0.91
1.31
1.45
...
...
...

124 670.0
2.65
0.23
0.06
43.31
6.40
59 104.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
246.6
...
3 573.8

20 362.2
1.23
1.25
2.63
...
...
...

124 670.0
2.65
0.23
0.06
43.31
6.50
58 979.2
...
...
...
...
51.0
39.0
62.0
50.0
79.0
...
...
255.3
...
3 656.1

21 268.0
1.24
1.11
2.96
...
...
...

124 670.0
2.65
0.23
0.06
43.31
6.60
58 854.4
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
264.4
...
3 740.7

22 095.5
1.26
0.95
...
...
10 183.7
148.0

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
273.8
...
3 827.7

23 573.1
1.31
0.90
...
...
...
...

PAUVRETE
RNB par habitant ($ EU)
250
200
150
100
50
0
1970

1980

1990

2001

2003

2005

2007

RNB par Habitant

Apport journalier en calories
par habitant
2500
2000

.
1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

ENVIRONNEMENT
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Superficie des terres ('000 ha)
Terres arables (% sup des terres)
Terres cultivables (% sup. des terres)
Terres irriguées (% sup. des terres)
Prairies & pâturages permanents (% de terres)
Autres terres (en % des superf. des terres)
Superficie totale des forêts ('000 ha)
Taux annuel de déforestation (%)
Taux annuel de reboisement (%)
Etendue des forêts naturelles ('000 ha)
2

Zones nationales protégées ('000 Km )
Accès à l'eau potable (% de la pop. totale)
Rural (% de la pop. totale)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Accès aux services d'assainis. (% de la pop.)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Energie consommée par habitant ('000 TM)
Emissions de polluants d'eau organiques (kg/j)
Production du charbon ('000 TM)
3

Prod. de bois de chauffe (Conifères) ('000 m )
3
(Non conifères) ('000 m )
Combustibles tradit. utilisés (% d'énergie tot.)
Emissions totales du CO2 ('000 TM)
Par habitant (TM)
Kg par PIB en $ de 2000
Production d'électricité (en md de Kwh)
Prélèvements annuels d'eau douce (m3)
mètre cube par habitant (intérieure)

Accès à l'eau potable
(% de la pop. totale)
80
78
76
.

74
72
70
68
66
64
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Prod. de bois de chauffe (non conifères)
(millions de m3)
10000
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

3

Ressources d'eau intér. renouvelables (m /an)

73

BENIN

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2 756.5
1 439.3
572.8
644.6
113.2
79.4
1 317.3
583.7
558.6
97.9
57.9



2.45
91.5
88.4
86.3
9.3
...
...
...
...
6.6
...
152.4
134.7
163.4
45.5
46.8
44.0
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
32.4
19.7
45.4
4.4
2.6
6.3
...
...
...
...
...
29.0
...
...
...
...
...
...

3 108.9
1 614.0
670.9
711.0
125.0
83.7
1 494.9
683.8
632.0
104.4
61.5
2.53
2.42
2.65
2.71
92.6
93.2
85.6
7.4
...
...
...
...
6.8
...
139.0
141.4
138.6
48.2
49.8
46.6
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
50.3
31.2
70.0
8.5
4.5
13.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

3 559.9
1 837.1
786.5
805.1
140.2
88.4
1 722.9
801.7
736.7
113.3
64.6
2.82
2.69
2.95
2.92
93.8
95.7
88.0
6.5
...
...
...
...
7.0
1 680.0
128.8
138.6
125.6
50.5
52.1
48.9
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
66.9
42.8
91.0
15.7
8.0
24.0
...
...
...
...
...
23.1
...
1 168.0
33.6
67.0
23.1
43.8

4 122.1
2 112.7
921.5
926.5
156.6
94.7
2 009.4
941.5
873.8
124.0
67.2
2.95
2.82
3.08
3.03
95.1
96.6
92.6
6.1
...
...
...
...
7.0
1 700.0
124.3
133.8
116.5
51.9
53.3
50.5
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
67.8
45.3
90.4
18.2
10.0
26.2
...
...
...
53.2
35.7
24.4
...
1 339.0
33.4
65.0
22.3
42.6

4 795.1
2 441.3
1 077.4
1 072.2
179.3
101.6
2 353.8
1 105.5
1 037.1
141.6
70.0
3.28
3.08
3.48
3.10
96.4
96.5
94.3
5.7
...
...
...
...
6.7
990.0
116.3
126.8
110.4
53.8
55.0
52.5
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
58.1
38.9
77.8
12.0
7.0
17.0
...
...
...
52.0
...
24.7
...
1 751.0
38.6
63.2
25.2
38.0

5 723.3
2 877.7
1 262.4
1 279.9
208.9
111.3
2 845.6
1 301.6
1 295.4
170.5
76.0
3.36
3.18
3.54
3.13
98.9
92.6
91.5
5.4
...
...
...
...
6.4
...
105.4
118.8
106.2
56.4
57.5
55.1
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
73.3
53.5
93.2
16.9
9.4
21.8
...
...
...
59.7
43.9
24.0
...
2 240.0
40.2
58.7
24.1
34.6

GENDER
Dependency Ratio (per 100)
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
1970

1985

1995

Total

2006

2007

2008

Age 0-14

2009

Age 65+

Maternal Mortality Rates
(per 100,000)
505
500
495

.

490
485
480
475
470
465
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Primary School
Enrolment (Gross)
(%)

Ratio

150

100.0

120

80.0

90

60.0

60

40.0

30

20.0
0.0

0

2005-08

2004

2000

1995

1985

1970

Male

Female

F/M

Economically active population
(per cent)
60
50
40
30
Male

20

Female

10
0
2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2000

1995

1985

1970

74

Total Population ('000)
Female Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Male Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Population Growth Rate -Total (%)
Female
Male
Rate of Natural Increase (%)
Sex Ratio (per 100 females)
Dependency Ratio - Total (%)
Age 0-14
Age 65+
Singulate Mean Age at Marriage (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (%)
Total Fertility Rate (per woman)
Maternal Mortality Rate (per 100,000)
Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Female (per 1,000)
, )
Male (p
(per 1,000)
Life Expectancy at Birth - Total (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Gender Ratio F/M
Average Size of Households-Overall
Urban
Rural
Households Headed by Women - Total (%)
Urban (%)
Rural (%)
Adult Illiteracy Rate - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Secondary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
School Life Expectancy - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Net ) (%)
Female (%)
Female School Teachers - Primary (%)
Secondary (%)
Economically active population ('000)
Female (as % of total)
Econ. active pop. in agric. (as % of Total)
Female (%)
Male (%)

BÉNIN

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement
2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

6 659.3
3 337.6
1 463.5
1 492.4
249.0
126.5
3 321.7
1 513.7
1 524.4
205.8
84.2
3.11
3.02
3.20
3.09
99.5
91.8
87.9
5.2
...
...
...
...
6.0
...
97.1
113.0
102.3
58.3
59.4
57.1
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
86.0
70.3
101.3
22.6
14.3
30.7
6.4
5.0
7.9
57.6
47.6
21.9
12.3
2 634.0
40.6
53.9
22.1
31.9

7 867.6
3 911.9
1 689.6
1 788.9
298.1
147.8
3 955.8
1 751.0
1 860.4
262.5
99.5
3.32
3.17
3.46
3.05
101.1
88.2
83.2
5.1
...
...
...
...
5.6
...
89.2
107.1
95.2
60.2
61.2
59.0
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
61.1
73.8
48.3
104.3
92.5
115.7
36.3
26.1
46.1
8.1
6.8
9.4
84.8
75.7
17.7
...
3 168.0
40.3
49.1
19.6
29.5

8 128.2
4 036.5
1 738.1
1 853.1
309.6
153.4
4 091.7
1 801.6
1 931.5
275.8
103.7
3.26
3.14
3.38
3.04
101.4
87.7
82.4
5.2
...
20.5
25.3
17.0
5.6
397.0
87.5
105.7
93.4
60.6
61.6
59.4
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
60.3
72.9
47.6
104.3
94.4
114.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
87.2
79.4
17.4
...
3 284.0
40.3
48.2
19.2
29.0

8 393.1
4 163.8
1 787.4
1 918.3
321.7
159.4
4 229.3
1 853.2
2 002.7
289.5
108.3
3.21
3.11
3.31
3.03
101.6
87.1
81.6
5.2
...
...
...
...
5.5
...
85.7
104.4
91.6
61.0
62.1
59.8
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
59.5
72.1
46.9
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
3 406.0
40.5
47.2
18.8
28.4

8 662.1
4 293.6
1 837.6
1 984.3
334.1
165.7
4 368.4
1 905.5
2 074.0
303.4
113.2
3.15
3.07
3.24
3.02
101.7
86.7
80.9
5.2
...
...
...
...
5.4
...
84.1
103.2
89.9
61.5
62.6
60.3
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
116.6
108.1
124.8
...
...
...
...
...
...
92.8
86.5
18.7
...
3 528.0
40.6
46.2
18.4
27.9

8 935.0
4 425.9
1 888.4
2 051.4
346.3
172.1
4 509.1
1 958.4
2 145.4
317.3
118.0
3.10
3.03
3.17
3.01
101.9
86.2
80.2
5.1
...
...
...
...
5.4
...
82.4
102.0
88.1
61.9
63.0
60.7
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
3 652.0
40.7
45.3
17.9
27.3

RUBRIQUE

GENRE
Population totale ('000)
Population féminine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Population masculine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Taux de croissance de la pop. -Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux d'accroissement naturel (%)
Rapport de masculinité (pour 100 femmes)
Taux de dépendence - Total (%)
0-14 ans
65+ ans
Age moyen au mariage (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Taux de prévalence contraceptive (%)
Indice synthétique de fécondité (par femme)
Taux de mortalité maternelle (pour 100000)
Taux de mortalité infantile (pour 1000)
Femme (pour 1000)
Homme (p
(pour 1000)
Espérance de vie à la naissance - Totale (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Ratio de genre F/H
Taille moyenne des ménages - Ensemble
Urbain
Rural
Femmes chefs de ménages - Total (%)
Urbain (%)
Rural (%)
Taux d'analphabétisme des adultes - Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au secondaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Espérance de vie scolaire - Totale (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux net de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Personnel enseignant féminin - primaire (%)
secondaire (%)
Population active totale ('000)
Femme (en % de la pop. tot.)
Participation de la pop. active agricole (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)

Taux de dépendance (pour 100)
2009
2008
2007
2006
1995
1985
1970

0

20

40

60

65+ ans

0-14 ans

80

100

120

Total

Taux de mortalité maternelle
(pour 100000)
505
500
495
.

490
485
480
475
470
465
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Taux bruts de scolarisation au primaire
Ratio

(%)
160

100.0

140

80.0

120
100

60.0

80
40.0

60
40

20.0

20

0.0

0
1970 1985 1995 2000 2004 200508
Total

Filles

F/G

Participation de la
population active (%)

Hommes
Femmes

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1970

1995

2003

2005

2007

2009

75

BENIN

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970-74

1975-79

1980-84

1985-89

1990-94

1995

...
...
3.5
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
3.5
36.3
115.5
8 800.0
1 781.9
41.1
45.6
...
41.0
...
...
...
46.4
19.9

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
5 000.0
1 993.1
47.1
46.2
...
...
...
9.6
...
46.6
17.8

272
...
4.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
35.4
19.1
49.0
7.5
52.7
105.0
21 412.0
1 937.4
45.8
47.8
...
37.0
...
...
202.2
46.5
16.4

361
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
39.3
7.8
18.0
7.1
32.9
32.9
9 956.0
2 061.6
48.6
36.8
...
...
35.0
9.6
187.7
45.8
14.9

322
1.8
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
34.3
3.3
42.0
6.1
31.9
71.7
11 378.0
2 095.2
49.4
35.4
80.0
20.0
...
9.4
166.7
44.3
12.9

337
1.6
3.2
...
...
...
26.5
...
...
...
...
35.4
5.8
...
5.1
27.0
81.2
8 591.0
2 118.4
49.8
37.9
80.0
...
24.0
15.1
162.5
43.9
12.5

...
...
...
...
...
49.45
...
...
...
...
...
29.0
20.0
83.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
49.94
...
...
...
...
...
34.0
20.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

11 062.0
14.19
0.81
0.09
4.07
50.39
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
103.5
...
5 161.3

415.7
0.10
0.31
0.01
...
2 808.8
10.3

11 062.0
14.64
0.90
0.09
4.52
50.75
...
...
...
...
...
14.4
34.5
79.0
10.2
60.0
...
...
129.3
...
5 524.8

502.8
0.11
0.34
0.01
0.1
2 422.4
10.3

11 062.0
15.37
1.36
0.09
4.97
50.61
3 063.2
...
...
...
...
69.8
63.1
81.5
20.0
54.0
0.3
...
155.1
...
5 782.9

881.7
0.16
0.50
0.05
...
2 072.9
10.3

11 062.0
16.18
1.63
0.09
4.97
50.11
2 998.5
...
...
...
...
63.0
57.0
74.0
19.0
42.0
...
...
160.2
...
5 827.7

962.3
0.17
0.52
0.04
...
...
...

POVERTY
Per Capita GNI (US $)
250
200
150
100
50
0
2007

2005

2003

2001

1990

1980

1970

Daily per Capita Calorie Supply

2500
2000

.

1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

GNI Per Capita (US$)
Public Expenditure - on Health (as % of GDP)
on Education (as % of GNI)
Human Development Index Value (0 to 1)
Rank (out of 182)
Human Poverty Index (HPI-1) Value (%)
Population Below National Poverty Line (%)
Below Inter. Poverty Line ( $2 /day) (%)
Household Income Spent on Food (%)
Share of Income Held by Richest 10%
Share of Income Held by Poorest 10%
Share of Agriculture in Total GDP (%)
Growth of Value Added in Agriculture (%)
Access to Health Care (%)
Physician per 100,000 People
Nurse per 100,000 People
Hospital Beds per 100,000 People
Food Aid in Cereals ('000 MT)
Daily per Capita Calorie Supply
Daily per Capita Protein Supply (grams)
Daily per Capita Fat Supply (grams)
Incidence of Tuberculosis (per 100000 inhab.)
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of pop.)
Underweight Children Under Age 5 (%)
Low Birthweight Babies (% of births)
Under Five Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Birth Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Death Rate (p
(per 1,000)
, )

ENVIRONMENT
Land Area ('000 ha)
Arable Land (as % of land area)
Permanent Crops Use (as % land area)
Irrigated Land (% of land area)
Permanent Pasture Use (as % of land area)
Other Land Use (as % of land area)
Total Forest Area ('000 ha)
Annual Rate of Deforestation (%)
Annual Rate of Reforestation (%)
Natural Forest Cover ('000 ha)

Access to Safe Water
(% of total population)
80
78
76

.

74
72
70
68
66
64
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Fuelwood Production Trends (Non-coniferous) ,
(Mn m3)
10,000
9,000
8,000
7,000
6,000
5,000
4,000
3,000
2,000
1,000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

76

Nationally Protected Areas ('000 Km2)
Access to Safe Water (% of total population)
% Rural
% Urban
Access to Sanitation (% of population)
% Urban
Energy Consumption per Capita ('000 MT)
Emissions of Organic Water Pollutants (kg/day)
Charcoal Production ('000 MT)
Fuelwood Production (Coniferous) ('000 m3)
(Non-coniferous) ('000 m3)
Traditional Fuel Use (% total energy use)
CO2 Emissions - Total ('000 MT)
Per Capita (MT)
Kg per 2000 $ of GDP
Electricity Production (Billion kwh)
Annual Freshwater Withdrawals (m3)
Per Capita Cubic Meters (Internal)
Annual Internal Renew. Water Resources (m3)

BÉNIN

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement

RUBRIQUE

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

360
2.0
3.3
...
...
46.8
...
...
...
...
...
34.9
4.6
42.0
12.3
30.4
...
10 906.0
2 228.7
52.8
49.0
85.0
...
...
16.0
144.3
41.9
11.1

550
2.3
3.9
...
...
47.6
...
...
...
...
...
32.6
1.2
...
11.4
39.3
50.0
9 219.0
2 313.9
54.0
50.8
89.0
19.0
...
...
128.4
40.4
9.9

570
2.4
3.6
...
...
44.5
...
...
...
...
...
33.4
4.7
...
...
...
...
6 122.0
...
...
...
90.0
...
22.6
...
125.2
40.1
9.6

610
...
...
0.492
161
...
...
...
...
...
...
33.2
4.5
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
91.0
...
...
...
122.0
39.7
9.4

690
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
33.2
6.8
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
118.9
39.4
9.2

...
RNB par habitant ($EU)
...
Dépenses publiques de santé en % du PIB
...
d'éducation en % du RNB
...
Valeur de l'Indice de dév. humain (de 0 à 1)
...
Rang (sur 182)
...
Valeur de l'Indice de pauvreté (IPH-1) (%)
...
Pop. sous le seuil national de pauvreté (%)
...
sous le seuil inter. de pauvreté (2$/J) (%)
... Revenu des ménages aux dépenses aliment. (%)
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus riches
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus pauvres
...
Part de l'agriculture dans PIB (%)
...
Croissance de la valeur ajoutée agricole (%)
...
Accès aux soins de santé (%)
...
Médécins pour 100000 habitants
...
Infirmières pour 100000 habitants
...
Lits d'hopitaux pour 100000 habitants
...
Aide alimentaire en céréales ('000 TM)
...
Apport journalier en calories par habitant
...
Apport journalier en protéines par habt (gr)
...
Apport journalier en lipides par habit. (gr)
...
Incidence de tuberculose (pour 100000)
...
Prévalence de la malnutrition (% de pop.)
...
Insuffisance pondérale des < 5 ans (%)
... Insuffisance pondérale néonatale (% des naiss.)
115.9
Taux de mortalité des < 5 ans (pour 1000)
39.0
Taux brut de natalité (pour 1000)
8.9
Taux brut de mortalité (pour
(p
1000))

11 062.0
21.52
2.40
0.11
4.97
46.94
2 675.0
2.3
...
...
...
64.0
57.0
76.0
24.0
51.0
0.3
...
183.2
...
5 910.3

1 650.2
0.25
0.70
0.08
...
...
...

11 062.0
24.86
2.41
0.11
4.97
46.50
2 351.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
210.5
...
6 061.2

2 526.0
0.32
0.88
0.11
...
...
...

11 062.0
24.41
2.41
0.11
4.97
47.54
2 286.2
...
...
...
...
65.0
57.0
78.0
30.0
59.0
...
...
216.4
...
6 100.6

3 006.8
0.37
1.00
0.13
...
...
...

11 062.0
24.41
2.44
0.11
4.97
48.10
2 221.4
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
222.5
...
6 141.0

3 036.5
0.36
0.97
...
...
1 450.1
10.3

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
228.7
...
6 184.2

3 181.1
0.37
0.97
...
...
...
...

PAUVRETE
RNB par habitant ($ EU)
250
200
150
100
50
0
1970

1980

1990

2001

2003

2005

2007

RNB par Habitant

Apport journalier en calories
par habitant
2500
2000

.
1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

ENVIRONNEMENT
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Superficie des terres ('000 ha)
Terres arables (% sup des terres)
Terres cultivables (% sup. des terres)
Terres irriguées (% sup. des terres)
Prairies & pâturages permanents (% de terres)
Autres terres (en % des superf. des terres)
Superficie totale des forêts ('000 ha)
Taux annuel de déforestation (%)
Taux annuel de reboisement (%)
Etendue des forêts naturelles ('000 ha)
2

Zones nationales protégées ('000 Km )
Accès à l'eau potable (% de la pop. totale)
Rural (% de la pop. totale)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Accès aux services d'assainis. (% de la pop.)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Energie consommée par habitant ('000 TM)
Emissions de polluants d'eau organiques (kg/j)
Production du charbon ('000 TM)
3

Prod. de bois de chauffe (Conifères) ('000 m )
3
(Non conifères) ('000 m )
Combustibles tradit. utilisés (% d'énergie tot.)
Emissions totales du CO2 ('000 TM)
Par habitant (TM)
Kg par PIB en $ de 2000
Production d'électricité (en md de Kwh)
Prélèvements annuels d'eau douce (m3)
mètre cube par habitant (intérieure)

Accès à l'eau potable
(% de la pop. totale)
80
78
76
.

74
72
70
68
66
64
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Prod. de bois de chauffe (non conifères)
(millions de m3)
10000
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

3

Ressources d'eau intér. renouvelables (m /an)

77

BOTSWANA

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

692.8
360.3
165.7
157.7
24.1
14.0
332.5
166.2
141.1
17.2
8.0



3.27
92.3
104.5
97.7
6.3
...
...
...
...
6.6
...
97.6
84.9
106.6
54.6
56.2
52.7
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
63.1
66.4
59.6
7.5
6.7
8.3
...
...
...
46.0
49.6
54.1
28.9
...
...
...
...
...

817.4
421.8
192.5
186.8
30.4
14.4
395.7
193.7
172.2
21.2
8.5
3.54
3.36
3.73
3.44
93.8
100.2
93.5
5.4
...
...
...
...
6.5
...
82.3
76.8
85.0
57.7
59.5
55.7
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
71.1
78.3
63.9
15.4
15.9
15.0
...
...
...
57.2
62.8
66.5
29.8
...
...
...
...
...

985.1
504.0
229.2
225.9
35.7
15.0
481.1
231.0
215.6
25.1
9.4
3.61
3.49
3.73
3.49
95.4
96.9
91.3
4.8
...
...
...
...
6.2
300.0
68.6
66.7
69.3
60.5
62.4
58.3
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
91.3
99.9
82.8
18.8
20.0
17.1
...
...
...
75.6
82.3
72.0
36.7
332.0
38.3
61.4
28.6
32.8

1 160.5
592.4
269.3
265.7
41.8
17.3
568.1
271.8
255.9
29.5
10.9
3.17
3.12
3.22
3.25
95.9
96.3
91.3
4.8
...
...
...
...
5.6
250.0
58.2
57.7
58.1
62.8
64.7
60.6
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
105.3
111.0
100.0
29.0
31.0
27.0
...
...
...
89.4
94.4
77.9
39.5
400.0
40.3
53.5
26.0
27.5

1 351.6
687.1
302.5
316.4
47.0
21.7
664.5
305.6
309.6
35.3
14.0
2.96
2.87
3.05
2.81
96.7
90.9
86.1
5.2
...
...
...
...
4.7
250.0
51.4
52.7
52.8
64.2
66.4
61.9
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
113.2
117.1
109.3
42.7
45.0
40.3
...
...
...
93.3
97.0
79.8
39.9
447.0
37.8
45.0
20.8
24.2

1 549.9
784.9
321.2
383.3
54.4
25.9
765.0
325.0
379.2
43.8
16.5
2.53
2.46
2.60
2.20
97.5
79.9
75.3
5.0
...
...
...
...
4.0
...
56.5
56.3
57.7
59.8
61.9
57.5
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
116.6
116.2
117.1
62.6
66.4
60.5
...
...
...
87.8
83.2
77.6
42.7
506.0
42.9
44.9
23.5
21.3

GENDER
Dependency Ratio (per 100)
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
1970

1985

1995

Total

2006

2007

2008

Age 0-14

2009

Age 65+

Maternal Mortality Rates
(per 100,000)
505
500
495

.

490
485
480
475
470
465
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Primary School
Enrolment (Gross)
(%)

Ratio

150

100.0

120

80.0

90

60.0

60

40.0

30

20.0
0.0

0

2005-08

2004

2000

1995

1985

1970

Male

Female

F/M

Economically active population
(per cent)
60
50
40
30
Male

20

Female

10
0
2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2000

1995

1985

1970

78

Total Population ('000)
Female Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Male Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Population Growth Rate -Total (%)
Female
Male
Rate of Natural Increase (%)
Sex Ratio (per 100 females)
Dependency Ratio - Total (%)
Age 0-14
Age 65+
Singulate Mean Age at Marriage (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (%)
Total Fertility Rate (per woman)
Maternal Mortality Rate (per 100,000)
Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Female (per 1,000)
, )
Male (p
(per 1,000)
Life Expectancy at Birth - Total (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Gender Ratio F/M
Average Size of Households-Overall
Urban
Rural
Households Headed by Women - Total (%)
Urban (%)
Rural (%)
Adult Illiteracy Rate - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Secondary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
School Life Expectancy - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Net ) (%)
Female (%)
Female School Teachers - Primary (%)
Secondary (%)
Economically active population ('000)
Female (as % of total)
Econ. active pop. in agric. (as % of Total)
Female (%)
Male (%)

BOTSWANA

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement
2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

1 722.6
869.5
325.7
449.6
60.4
31.7
853.1
330.2
448.7
50.9
20.5
1.74
1.67
1.81
1.39
98.1
69.8
65.4
5.2
...
...
...
40.0
3.4
100.0
63.8
58.4
60.6
50.6
51.9
49.3
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
106.1
106.0
106.1
76.2
78.1
74.3
11.2
11.3
11.1
82.5
84.3
80.6
45.8
626.0
42.8
43.9
23.5
20.4

1 839.1
924.1
321.0
487.2
73.6
38.2
914.9
325.8
496.8
61.2
25.7
1.29
1.19
1.39
1.14
99.0
63.0
58.3
5.5
...
...
...
...
3.0
380.0
48.9
46.5
56.3
50.9
51.1
50.5
1.01
...
...
...
...
...
...
18.6
18.6
18.6
107.8
107.1
108.6
77.3
79.2
75.5
11.3
11.3
11.3
84.8
86.2
77.6
53.9
655.0
44.1
43.2
24.3
18.9

1 864.8
936.1
320.7
495.0
76.2
39.6
928.7
325.6
507.3
63.3
26.8
1.39
1.29
1.49
1.18
99.2
61.9
57.1
5.7
...
...
...
...
3.0
...
44.3
42.8
55.1
52.2
52.2
51.9
1.01
...
...
...
...
...
...
17.9
17.8
17.9
109.7
108.5
110.9
80.2
82.4
78.0
...
...
...
86.2
87.1
80.1
49.0
669.0
44.2
43.0
24.4
18.8

1 892.4
949.0
320.8
503.3
78.7
40.9
943.5
325.7
518.5
65.3
28.0
1.47
1.36
1.57
1.22
99.4
60.8
55.9
5.9
...
...
...
...
2.9
...
40.1
39.0
53.9
53.4
53.3
53.2
1.00
...
...
...
...
...
...
17.1
17.1
17.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
690.0
43.6
42.8
24.1
18.7

1 921.1
962.3
321.2
511.8
81.1
42.3
958.8
326.2
530.0
67.3
29.2
1.51
1.40
1.61
1.25
99.6
59.8
54.8
5.9
...
...
...
...
2.9
...
36.5
36.4
53.0
54.4
54.2
54.3
1.00
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
707.0
43.7
42.6
24.0
18.5

1 949.8
975.6
322.0
520.1
83.4
43.6
974.2
327.0
541.4
69.3
30.4
1.48
1.37
1.59
1.26
99.9
58.9
53.8
5.9
...
...
...
...
2.8
...
33.9
33.8
52.1
55.1
54.8
55.1
0.99
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
725.0
43.6
42.3
24.0
18.3

RUBRIQUE

GENRE
Population totale ('000)
Population féminine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Population masculine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Taux de croissance de la pop. -Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux d'accroissement naturel (%)
Rapport de masculinité (pour 100 femmes)
Taux de dépendence - Total (%)
0-14 ans
65+ ans
Age moyen au mariage (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Taux de prévalence contraceptive (%)
Indice synthétique de fécondité (par femme)
Taux de mortalité maternelle (pour 100000)
Taux de mortalité infantile (pour 1000)
Femme (pour 1000)
Homme (p
(pour 1000)
Espérance de vie à la naissance - Totale (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Ratio de genre F/H
Taille moyenne des ménages - Ensemble
Urbain
Rural
Femmes chefs de ménages - Total (%)
Urbain (%)
Rural (%)
Taux d'analphabétisme des adultes - Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au secondaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Espérance de vie scolaire - Totale (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux net de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Personnel enseignant féminin - primaire (%)
secondaire (%)
Population active totale ('000)
Femme (en % de la pop. tot.)
Participation de la pop. active agricole (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)

Taux de dépendance (pour 100)
2009
2008
2007
2006
1995
1985
1970

0

20

40

60

65+ ans

0-14 ans

80

100

120

Total

Taux de mortalité maternelle
(pour 100000)
505
500
495
.

490
485
480
475
470
465
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Taux bruts de scolarisation au primaire
Ratio

(%)
160

100.0

140

80.0

120
100

60.0

80
40.0

60
40

20.0

20

0.0

0
1970 1985 1995 2000 2004 200508
Total

Filles

F/G

Participation de la
population active (%)

Hommes
Femmes

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1970

1995

2003

2005

2007

2009

79

BOTSWANA

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970-74

1975-79

1980-84

1985-89

1990-94

1995

...
...
4.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
42.1
0.2
...
...
...
6.4
47.8
...
5 400.0
1 886.1
64.4
37.3
...
36.0
...
...
...
45.4
11.3

...
...
5.4
...
...
...
...
...
...
42.0
...
...
...
...
13.3
...
...
20 000.0
2 035.0
68.0
43.7
...
...
...
...
...
44.5
9.4

955
...
6.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
8.2
2.0
...
14.4
129.4
215.0
38 539.0
2 203.7
70.1
50.5
...
35.0
27.0
8.4
85.1
41.1
8.0

2 096
...
6.3
...
...
...
59.0
35.6
...
...
...
4.9
22.6
85.6
19.4
193.2
...
5 000.0
2 133.6
65.2
48.9
...
...
15.0
8.0
71.6
35.8
6.7

2 696
2.1
7.8
...
...
...
...
49.4
...
51.2
1.2
4.6
2.0
...
23.4
219.5
188.3
7 202.0
2 206.6
68.1
47.4
415.0
23.0
14.0
11.0
76.0
31.3
7.9

2 949
2.1
8.6
...
...
...
...
...
...
51.2
1.3
4.3
- 1.7
...
...
234.8
188.4
...
2 206.9
69.5
53.8
444.0
...
...
...
79.4
30.6
8.6

...
...
...
...
...
29.88
...
...
...
...
...
29.0
26.0
71.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
30.30
...
...
...
...
...
45.0
39.0
95.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

56 673.0
0.71
0.00
0.00
45.17
30.60
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
24.3
...
617.1

1 175.2
1.05
0.73
0.45
...
2 270.6
2.4

56 673.0
0.73
0.00
0.00
45.17
30.63
...
...
...
...
...
56.0
33.0
100.0
36.0
85.0
...
...
31.6
...
603.7

2 339.9
1.78
0.77
0.80
0.1
1 935.5
2.4

56 673.0
0.70
0.00
0.00
45.17
30.76
13 244.8
...
...
...
...
70.0
53.0
100.0
55.0
91.0
0.9
...
44.5
...
617.3

3 199.3
2.12
0.83
1.11
0.1
1 674.8
2.4

56 673.0
0.61
0.00
0.00
45.17
31.06
13 126.5
...
...
...
...
94.0
89.0
100.0
42.0
60.0
...
...
48.1
...
623.6

3 499.1
2.26
0.88
1.11
...
...
...

POVERTY
Per Capita GNI (US $)
250
200
150
100
50
0
2007

2005

2003

2001

1990

1980

1970

Daily per Capita Calorie Supply

2500
2000

.

1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

GNI Per Capita (US$)
Public Expenditure - on Health (as % of GDP)
on Education (as % of GNI)
Human Development Index Value (0 to 1)
Rank (out of 182)
Human Poverty Index (HPI-1) Value (%)
Population Below National Poverty Line (%)
Below Inter. Poverty Line ( $2 /day) (%)
Household Income Spent on Food (%)
Share of Income Held by Richest 10%
Share of Income Held by Poorest 10%
Share of Agriculture in Total GDP (%)
Growth of Value Added in Agriculture (%)
Access to Health Care (%)
Physician per 100,000 People
Nurse per 100,000 People
Hospital Beds per 100,000 People
Food Aid in Cereals ('000 MT)
Daily per Capita Calorie Supply
Daily per Capita Protein Supply (grams)
Daily per Capita Fat Supply (grams)
Incidence of Tuberculosis (per 100000 inhab.)
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of pop.)
Underweight Children Under Age 5 (%)
Low Birthweight Babies (% of births)
Under Five Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Birth Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Death Rate (p
(per 1,000)
, )

ENVIRONMENT
Land Area ('000 ha)
Arable Land (as % of land area)
Permanent Crops Use (as % land area)
Irrigated Land (% of land area)
Permanent Pasture Use (as % of land area)
Other Land Use (as % of land area)
Total Forest Area ('000 ha)
Annual Rate of Deforestation (%)
Annual Rate of Reforestation (%)
Natural Forest Cover ('000 ha)

Access to Safe Water
(% of total population)
80
78
76

.

74
72
70
68
66
64
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Fuelwood Production Trends (Non-coniferous) ,
(Mn m3)
10,000
9,000
8,000
7,000
6,000
5,000
4,000
3,000
2,000
1,000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

80

Nationally Protected Areas ('000 Km2)
Access to Safe Water (% of total population)
% Rural
% Urban
Access to Sanitation (% of population)
% Urban
Energy Consumption per Capita ('000 MT)
Emissions of Organic Water Pollutants (kg/day)
Charcoal Production ('000 MT)
Fuelwood Production (Coniferous) ('000 m3)
(Non-coniferous) ('000 m3)
Traditional Fuel Use (% total energy use)
CO2 Emissions - Total ('000 MT)
Per Capita (MT)
Kg per 2000 $ of GDP
Electricity Production (Billion kwh)
Annual Freshwater Withdrawals (m3)
Per Capita Cubic Meters (Internal)
Annual Internal Renew. Water Resources (m3)

BOTSWANA

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement
2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

3 310
2.8
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
2.4
- 11.5
...
28.9
249.8
209.2
...
2 149.2
67.0
49.9
640.0
...
12.5
...
96.0
27.3
13.4

5 340
6.4
...
...
...
31.4
...
...
...
...
...
1.8
- 13.7
...
28.7
242.4
216.1
...
2 212.1
65.7
52.0
770.0
26.0
...
...
75.4
25.1
13.7

5 650
5.4
8.8
...
...
31.2
...
...
...
...
...
1.8
- 1.2
...
28.3
239.5
210.5
...
...
...
...
751.0
...
...
...
67.6
24.9
13.1

6 100
4.3
...
0.694
125
...
...
...
...
...
...
1.7
1.1
84.0
28.0
236.5
207.9
...
...
...
...
731.0
...
...
...
60.1
24.7
12.5

6 470
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1.8
1.1
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
53.5
24.5
12.1

56 673.0
0.62
0.00
0.00
45.17
32.09
12 535.0
0.9
...
...
...
95.0
90.0
100.0
45.0
60.0
1.1
...
58.7
...
635.4

4 401.4
2.56
0.78
1.11
...
...
...

56 673.0
0.42
0.00
0.00
45.17
33.33
11 943.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
66.9
...
660.8

4 308.5
2.34
0.59
0.97
...
...
...

56 673.0
0.42
0.00
0.00
45.17
33.54
11 824.6
...
...
...
...
96.0
90.0
100.0
47.0
60.0
...
...
67.9
...
665.0

4 551.6
2.44
0.60
1.04
...
...
...

56 673.0
0.44
0.00
0.00
45.17
33.73
11 706.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
69.0
...
669.0

4 824.5
2.55
0.60
...
...
1 332.6
2.4

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
70.0
...
673.9

4 776.0
2.49
0.58
...
...
...
...

2009

RUBRIQUE

PAUVRETE
...
RNB par habitant ($EU)
...
Dépenses publiques de santé en % du PIB
...
d'éducation en % du RNB
...
Valeur de l'Indice de dév. humain (de 0 à 1)
...
Rang (sur 182)
...
Valeur de l'Indice de pauvreté (IPH-1) (%)
...
Pop. sous le seuil national de pauvreté (%)
...
sous le seuil inter. de pauvreté (2$/J) (%)
... Revenu des ménages aux dépenses aliment. (%)
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus riches
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus pauvres
...
Part de l'agriculture dans PIB (%)
...
Croissance de la valeur ajoutée agricole (%)
...
Accès aux soins de santé (%)
...
Médécins pour 100000 habitants
...
Infirmières pour 100000 habitants
...
Lits d'hopitaux pour 100000 habitants
...
Aide alimentaire en céréales ('000 TM)
...
Apport journalier en calories par habitant
...
Apport journalier en protéines par habt (gr)
...
Apport journalier en lipides par habit. (gr)
...
Incidence de tuberculose (pour 100000)
...
Prévalence de la malnutrition (% de pop.)
...
Insuffisance pondérale des < 5 ans (%)
... Insuffisance pondérale néonatale (% des naiss.)
48.2
Taux de mortalité des < 5 ans (pour 1000)
24.4
Taux brut de natalité (pour 1000)
11.8
Taux brut de mortalité (pour
(p
1000))

RNB par habitant ($ EU)
250
200
150
100
50
0
1970

1980

1990

2001

2003

2005

2007

RNB par Habitant

Apport journalier en calories
par habitant
2500
2000

.
1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

ENVIRONNEMENT
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Superficie des terres ('000 ha)
Terres arables (% sup des terres)
Terres cultivables (% sup. des terres)
Terres irriguées (% sup. des terres)
Prairies & pâturages permanents (% de terres)
Autres terres (en % des superf. des terres)
Superficie totale des forêts ('000 ha)
Taux annuel de déforestation (%)
Taux annuel de reboisement (%)
Etendue des forêts naturelles ('000 ha)
2

Zones nationales protégées ('000 Km )
Accès à l'eau potable (% de la pop. totale)
Rural (% de la pop. totale)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Accès aux services d'assainis. (% de la pop.)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Energie consommée par habitant ('000 TM)
Emissions de polluants d'eau organiques (kg/j)
Production du charbon ('000 TM)
3

Prod. de bois de chauffe (Conifères) ('000 m )
3
(Non conifères) ('000 m )
Combustibles tradit. utilisés (% d'énergie tot.)
Emissions totales du CO2 ('000 TM)
Par habitant (TM)
Kg par PIB en $ de 2000
Production d'électricité (en md de Kwh)
Prélèvements annuels d'eau douce (m3)
mètre cube par habitant (intérieure)

Accès à l'eau potable
(% de la pop. totale)
80
78
76
.

74
72
70
68
66
64
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Prod. de bois de chauffe (non conifères)
(millions de m3)
10000
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

3

Ressources d'eau intér. renouvelables (m /an)

81

BURKINA FASO

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

5 607.8
2 791.7
1 204.3
1 285.4
225.2
74.7
2 816.0
1 241.6
1 256.4
229.3
84.9



2.43
100.9
86.8
84.2
7.5
...
...
...
...
6.6
...
154.2
154.0
175.5
41.5
42.0
41.0
1.02
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
12.2
8.9
15.5
1.0
0.8
2.0
...
...
...
9.5
7.0
16.3
...
...
...
...
...
...

6 172.6
3 096.5
1 361.9
1 401.8
246.1
84.8
3 076.1
1 405.6
1 340.7
236.9
90.4
1.99
2.14
1.83
2.64
99.3
91.1
91.7
8.1
...
...
...
...
6.9
...
139.5
138.0
154.3
43.3
43.8
42.7
1.02
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
14.3
10.7
19.0
1.9
1.2
2.6
...
...
...
...
...
18.2
...
...
...
...
...
...

6 862.4
3 467.1
1 560.4
1 545.5
261.4
96.8
3 395.3
1 612.0
1 449.8
228.9
96.1
2.18
2.31
2.05
2.86
97.9
96.2
98.5
8.7
...
...
...
...
7.1
600.0
126.9
129.1
140.0
44.9
45.6
44.3
1.03
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
17.5
13.0
22.0
2.7
2.0
3.6
...
...
...
14.5
10.8
20.2
...
2 989.0
46.4
92.2
43.0
49.1

7 704.2
3 909.8
1 787.8
1 734.0
278.3
108.3
3 794.4
1 848.1
1 613.2
219.7
100.0
2.47
2.51
2.42
2.96
97.0
99.6
100.9
8.8
...
...
...
...
7.0
...
116.4
127.9
129.1
46.3
47.0
45.6
1.03
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
27.0
20.0
33.9
4.5
3.0
6.0
...
...
...
22.8
17.0
25.0
...
3 320.0
47.0
92.3
43.7
48.5

8 814.0
4 469.1
2 052.8
1 993.4
303.7
120.8
4 344.8
2 123.4
1 878.2
226.8
103.7
2.76
2.72
2.79
3.03
97.2
99.7
98.3
8.3
...
...
...
...
6.8
930.0
106.9
126.8
120.0
47.4
48.2
46.6
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
33.3
25.9
41.0
7.2
5.0
9.4
...
...
...
26.9
20.9
27.0
...
3 829.0
47.6
92.4
44.5
47.9

10 127.2
5 127.4
2 352.4
2 305.1
337.8
133.7
4 999.8
2 433.4
2 201.0
250.5
105.7
2.78
2.75
2.80
3.05
97.5
98.5
96.7
7.5
...
...
...
...
6.6
...
98.2
124.3
111.5
48.7
49.6
47.7
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
37.7
31.0
48.0
10.2
6.3
11.6
...
...
...
...
...
24.3
...
4 421.0
47.6
92.3
44.4
47.9

GENDER
Dependency Ratio (per 100)
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
1970

1985

1995

Total

2006

2007

2008

Age 0-14

2009

Age 65+

Maternal Mortality Rates
(per 100,000)
505
500
495

.

490
485
480
475
470
465
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Primary School
Enrolment (Gross)
(%)

Ratio

150

100.0

120

80.0

90

60.0

60

40.0

30

20.0
0.0

0

2005-08

2004

2000

1995

1985

1970

Male

Female

F/M

Economically active population
(per cent)
60
50
40
30
Male

20

Female

10
0
2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2000

1995

1985

1970

82

Total Population ('000)
Female Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Male Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Population Growth Rate -Total (%)
Female
Male
Rate of Natural Increase (%)
Sex Ratio (per 100 females)
Dependency Ratio - Total (%)
Age 0-14
Age 65+
Singulate Mean Age at Marriage (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (%)
Total Fertility Rate (per woman)
Maternal Mortality Rate (per 100,000)
Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Female (per 1,000)
, )
Male (p
(per 1,000)
Life Expectancy at Birth - Total (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Gender Ratio F/M
Average Size of Households-Overall
Urban
Rural
Households Headed by Women - Total (%)
Urban (%)
Rural (%)
Adult Illiteracy Rate - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Secondary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
School Life Expectancy - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Net ) (%)
Female (%)
Female School Teachers - Primary (%)
Secondary (%)
Economically active population ('000)
Female (as % of total)
Econ. active pop. in agric. (as % of Total)
Female (%)
Male (%)

BURKINA FASO

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement
2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

11 676.2
5 899.4
2 685.8
2 695.5
344.5
148.0
5 776.8
2 779.2
2 607.2
255.5
107.9
3.01
2.92
3.10
3.06
97.9
96.1
95.3
6.8
...
...
...
...
6.3
1 000.0
90.4
121.9
102.5
50.4
51.4
49.3
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
44.6
37.0
51.9
10.4
8.2
12.5
3.4
2.8
4.0
36.0
29.8
24.5
...
5 132.0
47.4
92.2
44.3
48.0

13 747.2
6 896.1
3 094.8
3 215.4
387.8
167.9
6 851.1
3 204.3
3 206.8
294.1
117.2
3.38
3.26
3.50
3.31
99.3
91.9
91.0
6.1
...
...
...
...
6.1
700.0
83.2
120.2
93.0
52.1
53.3
50.8
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
76.4
83.4
68.6
57.8
51.4
64.0
14.0
11.6
16.3
4.3
3.8
4.9
45.3
40.1
29.1
...
6 162.0
47.0
92.1
43.9
48.2

14 224.6
7 129.5
3 205.1
3 321.5
397.8
172.9
7 095.1
3 319.1
3 322.8
303.4
119.7
3.41
3.33
3.50
3.37
99.5
92.0
90.2
6.0
...
...
...
...
6.0
...
81.9
119.9
91.2
52.4
53.6
51.1
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
74.0
82.1
65.7
61.6
55.4
67.6
14.7
12.3
17.0
...
...
...
48.4
43.4
30.3
16.9
6 396.0
47.0
92.1
43.9
48.2

14 721.4
7 374.2
3 326.0
3 427.1
407.9
178.2
7 347.2
3 444.9
3 434.6
313.1
122.5
3.43
3.37
3.49
3.41
99.6
92.4
89.6
5.9
...
...
...
...
6.0
...
80.7
119.6
89.3
52.7
54.0
51.4
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
71.3
78.4
63.3
67.4
61.5
73.2
15.7
13.3
18.1
...
...
...
53.8
48.9
31.0
16.7
6 645.0
47.0
92.1
43.9
48.2

15 233.9
7 627.7
3 454.0
3 533.0
418.8
183.8
7 606.2
3 578.1
3 544.5
323.7
125.4
3.42
3.38
3.46
3.42
99.7
93.0
89.0
5.7
...
...
...
...
5.9
...
79.6
119.4
87.6
53.1
54.3
51.7
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
73.4
68.1
78.6
18.4
15.7
21.1
...
...
...
60.1
55.7
32.9
16.9
6 897.0
47.0
92.1
43.9
48.2

15 756.9
7 886.8
3 584.2
3 640.9
431.4
189.4
7 870.1
3 713.5
3 655.5
335.8
128.3
3.38
3.34
3.41
3.41
99.8
93.5
88.3
5.6
...
...
...
...
5.8
...
78.7
119.2
85.9
53.4
54.7
52.0
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
7 157.0
47.1
92.1
43.9
48.2

RUBRIQUE

GENRE
Population totale ('000)
Population féminine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Population masculine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Taux de croissance de la pop. -Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux d'accroissement naturel (%)
Rapport de masculinité (pour 100 femmes)
Taux de dépendence - Total (%)
0-14 ans
65+ ans
Age moyen au mariage (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Taux de prévalence contraceptive (%)
Indice synthétique de fécondité (par femme)
Taux de mortalité maternelle (pour 100000)
Taux de mortalité infantile (pour 1000)
Femme (pour 1000)
Homme (p
(pour 1000)
Espérance de vie à la naissance - Totale (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Ratio de genre F/H
Taille moyenne des ménages - Ensemble
Urbain
Rural
Femmes chefs de ménages - Total (%)
Urbain (%)
Rural (%)
Taux d'analphabétisme des adultes - Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au secondaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Espérance de vie scolaire - Totale (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux net de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Personnel enseignant féminin - primaire (%)
secondaire (%)
Population active totale ('000)
Femme (en % de la pop. tot.)
Participation de la pop. active agricole (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)

Taux de dépendance (pour 100)
2009
2008
2007
2006
1995
1985
1970

0

20
65+ ans

40

60
0-14 ans

80

100

120

Total

Taux de mortalité maternelle
(pour 100000)
505
500
495
.

490
485
480
475
470
465
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Taux bruts de scolarisation au primaire
Ratio

(%)
160

100.0

140

80.0

120
100

60.0

80
40.0

60
40

20.0

20

0.0

0
1970 1985 1995 2000 2004 200508
Total

Filles

F/G

Participation de la
population active (%)

Hommes
Femmes

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1970

1995

2003

2005

2007

2009

83

BURKINA FASO

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970-74

1975-79

1980-84

1985-89

1990-94

1995

...
...
1.7
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1.0
...
57.1
28 000.0
1 662.2
52.2
30.2
...
58.0
...
...
...
47.6
21.8

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
25.4
...
36 500.0
1 856.8
57.2
34.0
...
...
...
...
...
48.6
20.3

221
...
2.1
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
29.1
0.3
...
1.7
25.2
...
127 663.0
1 710.6
51.7
34.2
...
62.0
...
16.1
220.8
48.4
19.0

348
...
2.5
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
28.2
18.0
70.0
2.9
10.5
30.8
19 051.0
2 303.9
70.2
46.2
...
...
45.5
10.8
209.3
47.9
17.7

236
1.2
3.8
...
...
...
...
85.8
...
42.1
2.3
31.4
0.9
...
3.3
...
30.0
24 265.0
2 530.4
77.8
54.6
128.0
21.0
32.7
21.0
198.4
47.0
16.5

241
1.1
1.5
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
35.8
7.5
...
3.8
23.7
126.4
25 044.0
2 510.1
77.0
53.1
137.0
...
...
...
195.8
46.7
16.2

...
...
...
...
...
38.86
...
...
...
...
...
12.0
10.0
35.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
39.03
...
...
...
...
...
25.0
23.0
50.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

27 360.0
10.65
0.26
0.04
21.93
39.21
...
...
...
...
...
35.0
...
...
5.0
...
...
...
270.1
...
8 308.3

420.9
0.06
0.34
0.11
...
1 747.0
12.5

27 360.0
12.94
0.22
0.07
21.93
39.39
...
...
...
...
...
35.0
26.0
50.0
8.0
38.0
...
...
310.6
...
8 961.3

474.1
0.06
0.31
0.15
0.3
1 528.7
12.5

27 360.0
12.32
0.22
0.09
21.93
39.73
7 058.2
...
...
...
...
78.0
29.0
62.0
18.0
42.0
...
...
378.0
...
10 186.8

685.6
0.07
0.38
0.22
0.4
1 322.6
12.5

27 360.0
12.39
0.22
0.09
21.93
39.75
7 034.2
...
...
...
...
44.0
39.0
71.0
7.0
27.0
...
...
389.4
...
10 356.8

684.8
0.07
0.36
0.24
...
...
...

POVERTY
Per Capita GNI (US $)
250
200
150
100
50
0
2007

2005

2003

2001

1990

1980

1970

Daily per Capita Calorie Supply

2500
2000

.

1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

GNI Per Capita (US$)
Public Expenditure - on Health (as % of GDP)
on Education (as % of GNI)
Human Development Index Value (0 to 1)
Rank (out of 182)
Human Poverty Index (HPI-1) Value (%)
Population Below National Poverty Line (%)
Below Inter. Poverty Line ( $2 /day) (%)
Household Income Spent on Food (%)
Share of Income Held by Richest 10%
Share of Income Held by Poorest 10%
Share of Agriculture in Total GDP (%)
Growth of Value Added in Agriculture (%)
Access to Health Care (%)
Physician per 100,000 People
Nurse per 100,000 People
Hospital Beds per 100,000 People
Food Aid in Cereals ('000 MT)
Daily per Capita Calorie Supply
Daily per Capita Protein Supply (grams)
Daily per Capita Fat Supply (grams)
Incidence of Tuberculosis (per 100000 inhab.)
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of pop.)
Underweight Children Under Age 5 (%)
Low Birthweight Babies (% of births)
Under Five Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Birth Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Death Rate (p
(per 1,000)
, )

ENVIRONMENT
Land Area ('000 ha)
Arable Land (as % of land area)
Permanent Crops Use (as % land area)
Irrigated Land (% of land area)
Permanent Pasture Use (as % of land area)
Other Land Use (as % of land area)
Total Forest Area ('000 ha)
Annual Rate of Deforestation (%)
Annual Rate of Reforestation (%)
Natural Forest Cover ('000 ha)

Access to Safe Water
(% of total population)
80
78
76

.

74
72
70
68
66
64
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Fuelwood Production Trends (Non-coniferous) ,
(Mn m3)
10,000
9,000
8,000
7,000
6,000
5,000
4,000
3,000
2,000
1,000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

84

Nationally Protected Areas ('000 Km2)
Access to Safe Water (% of total population)
% Rural
% Urban
Access to Sanitation (% of population)
% Urban
Energy Consumption per Capita ('000 MT)
Emissions of Organic Water Pollutants (kg/day)
Charcoal Production ('000 MT)
Fuelwood Production (Coniferous) ('000 m3)
(Non-coniferous) ('000 m3)
Traditional Fuel Use (% total energy use)
CO2 Emissions - Total ('000 MT)
Per Capita (MT)
Kg per 2000 $ of GDP
Electricity Production (Billion kwh)
Annual Freshwater Withdrawals (m3)
Per Capita Cubic Meters (Internal)
Annual Internal Renew. Water Resources (m3)

BURKINA FASO

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement

RUBRIQUE

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

240
1.8
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
30.9
- 2.4
20.6
2.3
23.0
...
10 028.0
2 442.2
74.0
54.9
198.0
...
...
...
180.3
45.3
14.7

400
4.0
4.5
...
...
55.8
...
...
...
...
...
31.9
9.2
33.2
2.6
28.5
...
28 050.0
2 667.8
79.6
57.6
238.0
9.0
...
...
164.1
46.7
13.6

420
3.6
3.7
...
...
53.7
...
...
...
...
...
32.2
5.7
...
2.1
25.9
...
23 532.0
...
...
...
232.0
...
37.7
...
161.2
47.1
13.4

430
...
...
0.389
177
...
...
...
...
...
...
31.4
5.1
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
226.0
...
...
...
158.4
47.3
13.2

480
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
34.8
4.1
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
155.6
47.2
13.0

...
RNB par habitant ($EU)
...
Dépenses publiques de santé en % du PIB
...
d'éducation en % du RNB
...
Valeur de l'Indice de dév. humain (de 0 à 1)
...
Rang (sur 182)
...
Valeur de l'Indice de pauvreté (IPH-1) (%)
...
Pop. sous le seuil national de pauvreté (%)
...
sous le seuil inter. de pauvreté (2$/J) (%)
... Revenu des ménages aux dépenses aliment. (%)
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus riches
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus pauvres
...
Part de l'agriculture dans PIB (%)
...
Croissance de la valeur ajoutée agricole (%)
...
Accès aux soins de santé (%)
...
Médécins pour 100000 habitants
...
Infirmières pour 100000 habitants
...
Lits d'hopitaux pour 100000 habitants
...
Aide alimentaire en céréales ('000 TM)
...
Apport journalier en calories par habitant
...
Apport journalier en protéines par habt (gr)
...
Apport journalier en lipides par habit. (gr)
...
Incidence de tuberculose (pour 100000)
...
Prévalence de la malnutrition (% de pop.)
...
Insuffisance pondérale des < 5 ans (%)
... Insuffisance pondérale néonatale (% des naiss.)
153.0
Taux de mortalité des < 5 ans (pour 1000)
46.8
Taux brut de natalité (pour 1000)
12.7
Taux brut de mortalité (pour
(p
1000))

27 360.0
14.77
0.22
0.09
21.93
37.81
6 914.3
0.2
...
...
...
56.0
51.0
83.0
9.0
33.0
...
...
112.0
...
7 402.0

1 060.9
0.09
0.41
0.39
...
...
...

27 360.0
17.73
0.22
0.09
21.93
35.29
6 794.3
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
509.6
...
10 533.0

1 050.2
0.08
0.30
0.52
...
...
...

27 360.0
18.27
0.22
0.09
21.93
34.83
6 770.3
...
...
...
...
72.0
66.0
97.0
13.0
41.0
...
...
524.1
...
11 060.0

1 247.9
0.09
0.33
0.55
...
...
...

27 360.0
19.01
0.22
0.09
21.93
34.19
6 746.4
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
539.0
...
11 573.0

1 270.4
0.09
0.33
...
...
905.9
12.5

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
554.3
...
12 418.3

1 300.0
0.09
0.32
...
...
...
...

PAUVRETE
RNB par habitant ($ EU)
250
200
150
100
50
0
1970

1980

1990

2001

2003

2005

2007

RNB par Habitant

Apport journalier en calories
par habitant
2500
2000

.
1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

ENVIRONNEMENT
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Superficie des terres ('000 ha)
Terres arables (% sup des terres)
Terres cultivables (% sup. des terres)
Terres irriguées (% sup. des terres)
Prairies & pâturages permanents (% de terres)
Autres terres (en % des superf. des terres)
Superficie totale des forêts ('000 ha)
Taux annuel de déforestation (%)
Taux annuel de reboisement (%)
Etendue des forêts naturelles ('000 ha)
2

Zones nationales protégées ('000 Km )
Accès à l'eau potable (% de la pop. totale)
Rural (% de la pop. totale)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Accès aux services d'assainis. (% de la pop.)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Energie consommée par habitant ('000 TM)
Emissions de polluants d'eau organiques (kg/j)
Production du charbon ('000 TM)
3

Prod. de bois de chauffe (Conifères) ('000 m )
3
(Non conifères) ('000 m )
Combustibles tradit. utilisés (% d'énergie tot.)
Emissions totales du CO2 ('000 TM)
Par habitant (TM)
Kg par PIB en $ de 2000
Production d'électricité (en md de Kwh)
Prélèvements annuels d'eau douce (m3)
mètre cube par habitant (intérieure)

Accès à l'eau potable
(% de la pop. totale)
80
78
76
.

74
72
70
68
66
64
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Prod. de bois de chauffe (non conifères)
(millions de m3)
10000
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

3

Ressources d'eau intér. renouvelables (m /an)

85

BURUNDI

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

3 513.5
1 823.0
784.3
818.2
153.1
67.4
1 690.5
782.0
741.3
119.7
47.5
1.38
1.42
1.35
2.37
92.7
91.8
85.5
6.3
...
...
...
...
6.8
...
138.6
124.0
152.4
43.8
45.4
42.2
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
27.0
17.7
36.4
1.6
0.6
3.0
...
...
...
...
...
25.6
...
...
...
...
...
...

3 680.4
1 918.6
837.9
847.1
158.3
75.3
1 761.8
836.6
755.3
118.7
51.2
1.25
1.29
1.20
2.46
91.8
95.8
89.1
6.7
...
...
...
...
6.8
...
132.4
120.6
141.4
44.9
46.4
43.2
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
20.6
15.8
25.0
2.2
1.3
3.0
...
...
...
...
...
43.0
21.3
...
...
...
...
...

4 130.0
2 142.6
923.6
968.2
165.9
84.9
1 987.4
923.9
884.3
121.6
57.6
2.90
2.76
3.05
2.76
92.8
93.0
86.3
6.7
...
...
...
...
6.8
...
122.4
111.0
132.8
46.8
48.4
45.0
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
26.4
20.9
32.0
2.8
2.0
3.9
...
...
...
19.6
15.9
47.0
...
1 977.0
53.2
93.2
52.0
41.1

4 884.5
2 516.6
1 078.4
1 164.4
177.9
95.9
2 367.9
1 079.2
1 092.9
131.1
64.7
3.43
3.29
3.57
3.04
94.1
90.3
84.1
6.2
...
...
...
...
6.8
...
114.5
103.6
127.3
48.2
49.9
46.3
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
52.6
43.9
61.4
3.6
2.4
5.0
...
...
...
41.3
35.5
47.5
20.7
2 367.0
52.6
92.6
51.5
41.1

5 681.3
2 911.7
1 286.2
1 328.3
191.6
105.6
2 769.6
1 288.7
1 268.2
142.4
70.2
2.50
2.44
2.56
2.78
95.1
93.9
88.2
6.0
...
...
26.0
...
6.6
800.0
122.5
110.5
135.3
46.4
48.0
44.7
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
62.6
72.5
51.8
72.8
66.2
79.4
5.6
4.0
7.0
...
...
...
51.3
...
46.2
21.2
2 805.0
52.5
92.0
51.3
40.8

6 167.0
3 164.0
1 434.8
1 414.4
204.7
110.0
3 003.0
1 438.0
1 343.8
149.5
70.5
1.14
1.20
1.07
2.33
94.9
98.1
94.6
5.8
...
...
...
...
6.3
...
123.5
108.3
132.1
44.9
46.3
43.5
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
50.6
45.9
55.4
7.3
5.5
9.0
...
...
...
...
...
49.9
...
2 978.0
52.3
91.4
51.1
40.3

GENDER
Dependency Ratio (per 100)
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
1970

1985

1995

Total

2006

2007

2008

Age 0-14

2009

Age 65+

Maternal Mortality Rates
(per 100,000)
505
500
495

.

490
485
480
475
470
465
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Primary School
Enrolment (Gross)
(%)

Ratio

150

100.0

120

80.0

90

60.0

60

40.0

30

20.0
0.0

0

2005-08

2004

2000

1995

1985

1970

Male

Female

F/M

Economically active population
(per cent)
60
50
40
30
Male

20

Female

10
0
2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2000

1995

1985

1970

86

Total Population ('000)
Female Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Male Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Population Growth Rate -Total (%)
Female
Male
Rate of Natural Increase (%)
Sex Ratio (per 100 females)
Dependency Ratio - Total (%)
Age 0-14
Age 65+
Singulate Mean Age at Marriage (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (%)
Total Fertility Rate (per woman)
Maternal Mortality Rate (per 100,000)
Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Female (per 1,000)
, )
Male (p
(per 1,000)
Life Expectancy at Birth - Total (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Gender Ratio F/M
Average Size of Households-Overall
Urban
Rural
Households Headed by Women - Total (%)
Urban (%)
Rural (%)
Adult Illiteracy Rate - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Secondary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
School Life Expectancy - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Net ) (%)
Female (%)
Female School Teachers - Primary (%)
Secondary (%)
Economically active population ('000)
Female (as % of total)
Econ. active pop. in agric. (as % of Total)
Female (%)
Male (%)

BURUNDI

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement
2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

6 472.6
3 332.4
1 494.5
1 500.4
220.1
115.8
3 140.3
1 498.7
1 411.1
156.1
71.0
1.49
1.49
1.49
2.13
94.2
96.6
97.3
5.6
...
...
...
15.7
5.8
479.0
109.3
99.4
119.7
46.9
48.1
45.6
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
40.7
47.8
32.7
60.7
54.0
67.5
...
...
...
...
...
...
43.2
39.3
55.2
...
3 079.0
52.6
90.8
51.3
39.5

7 378.1
3 776.2
1 526.2
1 847.1
272.0
127.8
3 602.0
1 530.5
1 779.4
207.8
80.0
2.97
2.84
3.11
2.05
95.4
79.4
86.4
5.0
...
...
...
...
5.0
480.0
101.9
94.4
110.1
49.1
50.4
47.8
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
87.9
81.2
94.6
13.2
11.3
15.2
6.0
5.4
6.5
62.6
59.6
55.5
21.1
3 643.0
52.0
90.1
50.7
39.4

7 603.5
3 887.0
1 538.3
1 930.4
284.5
131.0
3 716.5
1 542.8
1 866.3
220.8
82.6
3.01
2.89
3.13
2.05
95.6
76.5
84.9
5.8
...
...
...
...
4.9
...
100.5
93.4
108.2
49.6
50.9
48.2
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
112.3
107.0
117.6
14.6
12.4
16.7
...
...
...
81.2
79.8
55.3
23.0
3 777.0
51.9
89.9
50.6
39.3

7 838.0
4 002.8
1 553.3
2 015.2
297.3
134.4
3 835.2
1 558.0
1 954.0
234.0
85.3
3.04
2.93
3.14
2.05
95.8
73.9
83.7
6.2
...
...
...
...
4.7
...
99.0
92.5
106.3
50.1
51.4
48.6
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
126.3
121.7
130.9
15.6
13.1
18.2
...
...
...
89.6
88.6
52.8
24.4
3 917.0
51.7
89.7
50.4
39.4

8 074.3
4 119.8
1 570.9
2 098.5
310.1
138.0
3 954.5
1 575.9
2 039.4
247.4
88.1
2.97
2.88
3.06
2.06
96.0
71.7
83.0
6.1
...
...
...
...
4.6
...
97.5
91.3
104.5
50.5
51.9
49.0
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
135.6
132.1
139.1
17.7
14.4
20.9
...
...
...
99.4
98.8
53.0
20.1
4 044.0
51.6
89.6
50.2
39.3

8 303.3
4 233.3
1 590.6
2 176.6
322.7
141.7
4 070.0
1 595.9
2 119.1
260.6
91.0
2.80
2.72
2.88
2.06
96.1
70.0
82.8
5.6
...
...
...
...
4.5
...
96.0
90.1
102.6
50.9
52.4
49.4
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
4 160.0
51.5
89.4
50.1
39.3

RUBRIQUE

GENRE
Population totale ('000)
Population féminine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Population masculine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Taux de croissance de la pop. -Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux d'accroissement naturel (%)
Rapport de masculinité (pour 100 femmes)
Taux de dépendence - Total (%)
0-14 ans
65+ ans
Age moyen au mariage (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Taux de prévalence contraceptive (%)
Indice synthétique de fécondité (par femme)
Taux de mortalité maternelle (pour 100000)
Taux de mortalité infantile (pour 1000)
Femme (pour 1000)
Homme (p
(pour 1000)
Espérance de vie à la naissance - Totale (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Ratio de genre F/H
Taille moyenne des ménages - Ensemble
Urbain
Rural
Femmes chefs de ménages - Total (%)
Urbain (%)
Rural (%)
Taux d'analphabétisme des adultes - Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au secondaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Espérance de vie scolaire - Totale (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux net de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Personnel enseignant féminin - primaire (%)
secondaire (%)
Population active totale ('000)
Femme (en % de la pop. tot.)
Participation de la pop. active agricole (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)

Taux de dépendance (pour 100)
2009
2008
2007
2006
1995
1985
1970

0

20
65+ ans

40

60
0-14 ans

80

100

120

Total

Taux de mortalité maternelle
(pour 100000)
505
500
495
.

490
485
480
475
470
465
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Taux bruts de scolarisation au primaire
Ratio

(%)
160

100.0

140

80.0

120
100

60.0

80
40.0

60
40

20.0

20

0.0

0
1970 1985 1995 2000 2004 200508
Total

Filles

F/G

Participation de la
population active (%)

Hommes
Femmes

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1970

1995

2003

2005

2007

2009

87

BURUNDI

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970-74

1975-79

1980-84

1985-89

1990-94

1995

...
...
2.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1.7
18.7
128.1
5 500.0
1 860.2
63.2
14.6
...
34.0
...
...
...
44.0
19.8

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1.2
...
112.3
8 200.0
2 022.8
67.6
15.9
...
...
...
...
...
45.4
18.5

213
...
3.4
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
58.9
4.4
...
4.7
31.8
...
17 055.0
1 778.8
54.8
14.6
...
38.0
...
...
201.9
47.8
17.8

218
...
3.3
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
52.7
1.6
87.0
5.8
21.8
65.5
759.0
1 762.7
51.4
13.2
...
...
37.5
...
205.5
47.2
18.3

165
1.3
4.6
...
...
...
36.4
95.2
...
26.6
3.4
46.9
3.1
80.0
4.7
33.8
67.3
57 080.0
1 682.5
51.4
12.4
208.0
48.0
...
16.0
213.4
42.9
19.0

153
1.4
5.1
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
48.2
- 6.0
...
5.5
36.9
...
5 130.0
1 675.9
50.7
12.1
223.0
...
...
...
210.9
42.0
18.7

...
...
...
...
...
6.00
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
77.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
6.35
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

2 568.0
36.21
12.46
0.55
35.05
6.32
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
147.4
...
4 968.2

140.6
0.03
0.22
0.04
...
2 284.3
10.1

2 568.0
36.21
14.02
0.58
32.71
6.67
...
...
...
...
...
23.4
27.0
92.0
52.0
90.0
...
...
167.3
...
5 699.8

267.1
0.05
0.33
0.10
0.1
1 938.3
10.1

2 568.0
36.21
14.41
0.70
32.52
7.02
252.6
...
...
...
...
58.0
55.0
97.0
48.3
71.0
...
...
199.4
...
6 475.2

370.6
0.06
0.46
0.12
...
1 728.8
10.1

2 568.0
36.60
14.41
0.70
32.52
6.99
243.5
...
...
...
...
70.0
68.0
93.0
43.0
42.0
...
...
208.8
...
6 683.9

360.8
0.06
0.48
0.12
...
...
...

POVERTY
Per Capita GNI (US $)
250
200
150
100
50
0
2007

2005

2003

2001

1990

1980

1970

Daily per Capita Calorie Supply

2500
2000

.

1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

GNI Per Capita (US$)
Public Expenditure - on Health (as % of GDP)
on Education (as % of GNI)
Human Development Index Value (0 to 1)
Rank (out of 182)
Human Poverty Index (HPI-1) Value (%)
Population Below National Poverty Line (%)
Below Inter. Poverty Line ( $2 /day) (%)
Household Income Spent on Food (%)
Share of Income Held by Richest 10%
Share of Income Held by Poorest 10%
Share of Agriculture in Total GDP (%)
Growth of Value Added in Agriculture (%)
Access to Health Care (%)
Physician per 100,000 People
Nurse per 100,000 People
Hospital Beds per 100,000 People
Food Aid in Cereals ('000 MT)
Daily per Capita Calorie Supply
Daily per Capita Protein Supply (grams)
Daily per Capita Fat Supply (grams)
Incidence of Tuberculosis (per 100000 inhab.)
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of pop.)
Underweight Children Under Age 5 (%)
Low Birthweight Babies (% of births)
Under Five Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Birth Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Death Rate (p
(per 1,000)
, )

ENVIRONMENT
Land Area ('000 ha)
Arable Land (as % of land area)
Permanent Crops Use (as % land area)
Irrigated Land (% of land area)
Permanent Pasture Use (as % of land area)
Other Land Use (as % of land area)
Total Forest Area ('000 ha)
Annual Rate of Deforestation (%)
Annual Rate of Reforestation (%)
Natural Forest Cover ('000 ha)

Access to Safe Water
(% of total population)
80
78
76

.

74
72
70
68
66
64
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Fuelwood Production Trends (Non-coniferous) ,
(Mn m3)
10,000
9,000
8,000
7,000
6,000
5,000
4,000
3,000
2,000
1,000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

88

Nationally Protected Areas ('000 Km2)
Access to Safe Water (% of total population)
% Rural
% Urban
Access to Sanitation (% of population)
% Urban
Energy Consumption per Capita ('000 MT)
Emissions of Organic Water Pollutants (kg/day)
Charcoal Production ('000 MT)
Fuelwood Production (Coniferous) ('000 m3)
(Non-coniferous) ('000 m3)
Traditional Fuel Use (% total energy use)
CO2 Emissions - Total ('000 MT)
Per Capita (MT)
Kg per 2000 $ of GDP
Electricity Production (Billion kwh)
Annual Freshwater Withdrawals (m3)
Per Capita Cubic Meters (Internal)
Annual Internal Renew. Water Resources (m3)

BURUNDI

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement

RUBRIQUE

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

120
0.6
3.9
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
36.0
- 5.3
80.0
5.8
54.5
...
31 181.0
1 626.3
44.3
10.7
321.0
...
45.1
...
189.7
37.7
16.4

100
0.5
...
...
...
37.6
...
...
...
...
...
31.5
- 3.1
...
6.5
75.9
...
67 074.0
1 630.6
43.2
10.4
387.0
63.0
...
...
172.9
35.2
14.7

110
0.7
...
...
...
37.8
...
93.4
...
28.0
4.1
31.4
2.2
...
...
...
70.0
37 652.0
...
...
...
377.0
...
...
...
170.0
34.9
14.4

120
...
...
0.394
174
...
...
...
...
...
...
31.5
5.4
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
367.0
...
...
...
167.2
34.7
14.1

140
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
31.8
4.1
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
164.4
34.5
13.9

...
RNB par habitant ($EU)
...
Dépenses publiques de santé en % du PIB
...
d'éducation en % du RNB
...
Valeur de l'Indice de dév. humain (de 0 à 1)
...
Rang (sur 182)
...
Valeur de l'Indice de pauvreté (IPH-1) (%)
...
Pop. sous le seuil national de pauvreté (%)
...
sous le seuil inter. de pauvreté (2$/J) (%)
... Revenu des ménages aux dépenses aliment. (%)
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus riches
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus pauvres
...
Part de l'agriculture dans PIB (%)
...
Croissance de la valeur ajoutée agricole (%)
...
Accès aux soins de santé (%)
...
Médécins pour 100000 habitants
...
Infirmières pour 100000 habitants
...
Lits d'hopitaux pour 100000 habitants
...
Aide alimentaire en céréales ('000 TM)
...
Apport journalier en calories par habitant
...
Apport journalier en protéines par habt (gr)
...
Apport journalier en lipides par habit. (gr)
...
Incidence de tuberculose (pour 100000)
...
Prévalence de la malnutrition (% de pop.)
...
Insuffisance pondérale des < 5 ans (%)
... Insuffisance pondérale néonatale (% des naiss.)
161.7
Taux de mortalité des < 5 ans (pour 1000)
34.3
Taux brut de natalité (pour 1000)
13.7
Taux brut de mortalité (pour
(p
1000))

2 568.0
37.38
14.02
0.82
36.99
3.89
198.0
9.0
...
...
...
71.0
69.0
89.0
42.0
43.0
...
...
60.0
...
5 420.0

372.3
0.06
0.52
0.10
...
...
...

2 568.0
38.40
13.63
0.82
36.99
5.06
152.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
280.5
...
8 541.7

370.6
0.05
0.47
0.10
...
...
...

2 568.0
38.55
13.63
0.82
36.99
5.26
142.8
...
...
...
...
71.0
70.0
84.0
41.0
44.0
...
...
286.0
...
8 680.7

360.3
0.05
0.43
0.10
...
...
...

2 568.0
38.75
13.63
0.82
36.99
5.43
133.6
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
291.0
...
8 822.0

380.5
0.05
0.44
...
...
1 374.5
10.1

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
297.2
...
8 965.3

394.6
0.05
0.44
...
...
...
...

PAUVRETE
RNB par habitant ($ EU)
250
200
150
100
50
0
1970

1980

1990

2001

2003

2005

2007

RNB par Habitant

Apport journalier en calories
par habitant
2500
2000

.
1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

ENVIRONNEMENT
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Superficie des terres ('000 ha)
Terres arables (% sup des terres)
Terres cultivables (% sup. des terres)
Terres irriguées (% sup. des terres)
Prairies & pâturages permanents (% de terres)
Autres terres (en % des superf. des terres)
Superficie totale des forêts ('000 ha)
Taux annuel de déforestation (%)
Taux annuel de reboisement (%)
Etendue des forêts naturelles ('000 ha)
2

Zones nationales protégées ('000 Km )
Accès à l'eau potable (% de la pop. totale)
Rural (% de la pop. totale)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Accès aux services d'assainis. (% de la pop.)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Energie consommée par habitant ('000 TM)
Emissions de polluants d'eau organiques (kg/j)
Production du charbon ('000 TM)
3

Prod. de bois de chauffe (Conifères) ('000 m )
3
(Non conifères) ('000 m )
Combustibles tradit. utilisés (% d'énergie tot.)
Emissions totales du CO2 ('000 TM)
Par habitant (TM)
Kg par PIB en $ de 2000
Production d'électricité (en md de Kwh)
Prélèvements annuels d'eau douce (m3)
mètre cube par habitant (intérieure)

Accès à l'eau potable
(% de la pop. totale)
80
78
76
.

74
72
70
68
66
64
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Prod. de bois de chauffe (non conifères)
(millions de m3)
10000
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

3

Ressources d'eau intér. renouvelables (m /an)

89

CAMEROON

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

6 838.8
3 463.2
1 446.5
1 578.8
300.3
137.7
3 375.6
1 454.3
1 539.3
271.7
110.2
2.57
2.53
2.60
2.56
97.5
85.3
78.6
6.7
...
...
...
...
6.2
...
127.2
102.0
150.1
45.9
47.3
44.6
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
91.6
77.7
105.5
8.1
4.6
11.7
...
...
...
63.7
55.5
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

7 826.0
3 955.1
1 698.7
1 765.7
333.4
157.2
3 870.9
1 712.5
1 728.0
303.5
126.9
2.83
2.79
2.87
2.75
97.9
89.5
82.6
6.8
...
...
...
...
6.4
...
116.2
100.6
128.8
48.2
49.5
46.8
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
94.6
84.2
105.0
13.3
9.0
18.0
...
...
...
67.4
61.2
13.8
20.2
...
...
...
...
...

9 079.8
4 579.7
2 010.6
2 015.1
373.3
180.8
4 500.1
2 031.9
1 979.8
341.4
147.1
2.97
2.93
3.01
2.94
98.3
92.8
85.8
6.9
...
...
...
...
6.4
...
101.5
84.3
115.6
51.1
52.5
49.6
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
98.3
89.5
107.1
18.3
13.0
23.7
...
...
...
...
...
19.6
...
3 402.0
43.2
74.5
37.4
37.2

10 508.8
5 292.7
2 364.8
2 305.8
415.2
207.2
5 216.1
2 392.4
2 273.5
381.3
169.1
2.98
2.95
3.01
3.04
98.6
95.5
88.6
7.0
...
...
...
...
6.3
430.0
86.6
71.3
103.3
54.2
55.8
52.7
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
102.2
93.4
111.0
22.8
18.0
28.0
...
...
...
...
...
26.8
22.5
3 787.0
42.0
72.5
35.6
36.9

12 233.0
6 152.8
2 755.2
2 693.3
465.4
239.1
6 080.2
2 790.2
2 664.6
429.3
196.3
2.98
2.95
3.00
2.91
98.8
95.7
88.8
6.9
...
...
...
...
5.9
...
84.1
79.1
92.2
55.1
56.7
53.5
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
101.1
87.0
108.9
28.0
23.0
32.8
...
...
...
...
...
30.0
...
4 396.0
40.9
70.5
33.9
36.6

14 054.4
7 063.1
3 114.0
3 157.8
519.8
271.7
6 991.3
3 154.2
3 132.3
480.1
224.3
2.62
2.60
2.64
2.59
99.0
92.8
86.0
6.8
...
...
...
...
5.4
...
89.0
88.3
90.1
53.6
55.1
52.1
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
86.9
75.0
88.0
26.2
21.2
31.1
...
...
...
...
...
31.7
...
5 086.0
40.1
65.3
31.0
34.4

GENDER
Dependency Ratio (per 100)
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
1970

1985

1995

Total

2006

2007

2008

Age 0-14

2009

Age 65+

Maternal Mortality Rates
(per 100,000)
505
500
495

.

490
485
480
475
470
465
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Primary School
Enrolment (Gross)
(%)

Ratio

150

100.0

120

80.0

90

60.0

60

40.0

30

20.0
0.0

0

2005-08

2004

2000

1995

1985

1970

Male

Female

F/M

Economically active population
(per cent)
60
50
40
30
Male

20

Female

10
0
2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2000

1995

1985

1970

90

Total Population ('000)
Female Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Male Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Population Growth Rate -Total (%)
Female
Male
Rate of Natural Increase (%)
Sex Ratio (per 100 females)
Dependency Ratio - Total (%)
Age 0-14
Age 65+
Singulate Mean Age at Marriage (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (%)
Total Fertility Rate (per woman)
Maternal Mortality Rate (per 100,000)
Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Female (per 1,000)
, )
Male (p
(per 1,000)
Life Expectancy at Birth - Total (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Gender Ratio F/M
Average Size of Households-Overall
Urban
Rural
Households Headed by Women - Total (%)
Urban (%)
Rural (%)
Adult Illiteracy Rate - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Secondary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
School Life Expectancy - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Net ) (%)
Female (%)
Female School Teachers - Primary (%)
Secondary (%)
Economically active population ('000)
Female (as % of total)
Econ. active pop. in agric. (as % of Total)
Female (%)
Male (%)

CAMEROUN

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement
2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

15 865.5
7 963.7
3 381.6
3 693.3
579.1
307.4
7 901.8
3 427.8
3 681.1
532.8
255.8
2.36
2.33
2.39
2.36
99.2
86.8
80.2
6.6
...
...
...
...
5.0
730.0
90.4
87.6
92.8
51.5
52.5
50.5
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
86.0
79.2
92.8
27.2
...
...
7.3
...
...
...
...
35.5
...
5 880.0
40.9
59.9
28.8
31.1

17 823.4
8 928.2
3 689.1
4 237.7
646.4
344.8
8 895.2
3 741.7
4 261.0
593.3
288.5
2.31
2.26
2.35
2.32
99.6
82.6
76.4
6.5
...
...
...
...
4.8
...
88.6
88.3
88.7
50.6
51.2
50.0
1.02
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
108.1
98.4
117.6
27.2
23.9
30.3
9.7
8.8
10.6
...
...
40.0
26.4
6 700.0
41.1
53.9
25.8
28.2

18 237.9
9 131.9
3 756.1
4 351.2
659.7
352.7
9 106.0
3 809.7
4 383.8
605.8
295.3
2.30
2.26
2.34
2.30
99.7
81.9
75.4
6.4
...
...
...
...
4.8
...
88.0
89.0
87.0
50.7
51.3
50.1
1.02
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
107.4
97.8
116.9
23.8
21.0
26.5
...
...
...
...
...
40.1
26.4
6 880.0
41.2
52.7
25.1
27.6

18 659.9
9 339.3
3 824.5
4 466.8
672.9
360.7
9 320.6
3 879.0
4 509.2
618.5
302.2
2.29
2.25
2.33
2.29
99.8
81.3
74.4
6.3
...
...
...
...
4.7
...
87.2
89.7
85.3
50.9
51.4
50.3
1.02
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
110.0
101.6
118.4
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
42.5
...
7 006.0
41.3
51.5
24.5
27.0

19 088.4
9 549.9
3 894.5
4 583.6
686.3
369.1
9 538.5
3 949.8
4 636.1
631.6
309.2
2.27
2.23
2.31
2.26
99.9
80.7
73.3
6.4
...
...
...
...
4.6
...
86.2
88.3
83.6
51.1
51.6
50.5
1.02
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
110.9
102.4
119.3
37.3
33.0
41.5
...
...
...
...
...
44.2
...
7 205.0
41.4
50.2
23.8
26.4

19 521.6
9 762.9
3 966.2
4 700.6
700.2
377.7
9 758.8
4 022.2
4 763.1
645.6
316.3
2.24
2.21
2.28
2.24
100.0
80.1
72.2
6.4
...
...
...
...
4.5
...
85.0
86.9
81.9
51.4
51.9
50.8
1.02
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
7 410.0
41.6
48.9
23.2
25.7

RUBRIQUE

GENRE
Population totale ('000)
Population féminine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Population masculine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Taux de croissance de la pop. -Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux d'accroissement naturel (%)
Rapport de masculinité (pour 100 femmes)
Taux de dépendence - Total (%)
0-14 ans
65+ ans
Age moyen au mariage (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Taux de prévalence contraceptive (%)
Indice synthétique de fécondité (par femme)
Taux de mortalité maternelle (pour 100000)
Taux de mortalité infantile (pour 1000)
Femme (pour 1000)
Homme (p
(pour 1000)
Espérance de vie à la naissance - Totale (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Ratio de genre F/H
Taille moyenne des ménages - Ensemble
Urbain
Rural
Femmes chefs de ménages - Total (%)
Urbain (%)
Rural (%)
Taux d'analphabétisme des adultes - Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au secondaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Espérance de vie scolaire - Totale (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux net de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Personnel enseignant féminin - primaire (%)
secondaire (%)
Population active totale ('000)
Femme (en % de la pop. tot.)
Participation de la pop. active agricole (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)

Taux de dépendance (pour 100)
2009
2008
2007
2006
1995
1985
1970

0

20

40

60

65+ ans

0-14 ans

80

100

120

Total

Taux de mortalité maternelle
(pour 100000)
505
500
495
.

490
485
480
475
470
465
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Taux bruts de scolarisation au primaire
Ratio

(%)
160

100.0

140

80.0

120
100

60.0

80
40.0

60
40

20.0

20

0.0

0
1970 1985 1995 2000 2004 200508
Total

Filles

F/G

Participation de la
population active (%)

Hommes
Femmes

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1970

1995

2003

2005

2007

2009

91

CAMEROON

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970-74

1975-79

1980-84

1985-89

1990-94

1995

...
...
2.9
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
3.4
37.1
175.2
3 500.0
2 331.7
59.3
47.2
...
27.0
...
...
...
45.2
18.1

...
...
4.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
7.2
49.0
246.6
3 600.0
2 236.6
56.2
46.5
...
...
17.3
...
...
45.2
16.2

780
...
3.3
...
...
...
40.0
...
...
...
...
21.6
8.8
20.0
...
...
...
13 303.0
2 028.8
48.1
43.5
...
23.0
...
...
152.6
44.3
14.0

1 082
...
3.4
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
24.6
7.1
15.0
8.4
50.9
246.5
2 350.0
2 001.7
48.6
42.5
...
...
...
13.0
139.7
42.4
12.9

811
0.7
2.9
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
23.8
11.7
...
7.4
34.4
243.7
2 010.0
1 990.7
48.1
39.8
109.0
33.0
13.6
13.0
144.4
39.8
13.2

751
0.7
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
23.6
- 4.4
...
7.2
33.6
...
4 436.0
2 007.3
48.3
39.2
116.0
...
...
...
145.9
39.2
13.3

...
...
...
...
...
28.68
...
...
...
...
...
32.0
21.0
77.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
29.18
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

47 271.0
12.50
2.54
0.04
4.23
29.63
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
157.3
...
6 729.7

7 097.1
0.70
0.82
2.19
...
29 491.2
273.0

47 271.0
12.57
2.64
0.05
4.23
30.09
...
...
...
...
...
35.9
26.5
46.9
36.0
25.0
...
...
200.6
...
7 388.2

6 535.0
0.55
0.74
2.67
0.4
25 578.6
273.0

47 271.0
12.61
2.54
0.05
4.23
30.56
23 665.0
...
...
...
...
41.0
24.0
71.0
40.0
73.0
0.4
...
279.3
...
8 624.4

7 580.8
0.55
0.99
2.78
0.4
22 098.1
273.0

47 271.0
12.61
2.54
0.05
4.23
31.03
23 445.0
...
...
...
...
56.0
36.0
80.0
43.0
50.0
...
...
289.4
...
8 722.4

7 535.6
0.54
0.94
2.84
...
...
...

POVERTY
Per Capita GNI (US $)
250
200
150
100
50
0
2007

2005

2003

2001

1990

1980

1970

Daily per Capita Calorie Supply

2500
2000

.

1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

GNI Per Capita (US$)
Public Expenditure - on Health (as % of GDP)
on Education (as % of GNI)
Human Development Index Value (0 to 1)
Rank (out of 182)
Human Poverty Index (HPI-1) Value (%)
Population Below National Poverty Line (%)
Below Inter. Poverty Line ( $2 /day) (%)
Household Income Spent on Food (%)
Share of Income Held by Richest 10%
Share of Income Held by Poorest 10%
Share of Agriculture in Total GDP (%)
Growth of Value Added in Agriculture (%)
Access to Health Care (%)
Physician per 100,000 People
Nurse per 100,000 People
Hospital Beds per 100,000 People
Food Aid in Cereals ('000 MT)
Daily per Capita Calorie Supply
Daily per Capita Protein Supply (grams)
Daily per Capita Fat Supply (grams)
Incidence of Tuberculosis (per 100000 inhab.)
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of pop.)
Underweight Children Under Age 5 (%)
Low Birthweight Babies (% of births)
Under Five Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Birth Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Death Rate (p
(per 1,000)
, )

ENVIRONMENT
Land Area ('000 ha)
Arable Land (as % of land area)
Permanent Crops Use (as % land area)
Irrigated Land (% of land area)
Permanent Pasture Use (as % of land area)
Other Land Use (as % of land area)
Total Forest Area ('000 ha)
Annual Rate of Deforestation (%)
Annual Rate of Reforestation (%)
Natural Forest Cover ('000 ha)

Access to Safe Water
(% of total population)
80
78
76

.

74
72
70
68
66
64
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Fuelwood Production Trends (Non-coniferous) ,
(Mn m3)
10,000
9,000
8,000
7,000
6,000
5,000
4,000
3,000
2,000
1,000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

92

Nationally Protected Areas ('000 Km2)
Access to Safe Water (% of total population)
% Rural
% Urban
Access to Sanitation (% of population)
% Urban
Energy Consumption per Capita ('000 MT)
Emissions of Organic Water Pollutants (kg/day)
Charcoal Production ('000 MT)
Fuelwood Production (Coniferous) ('000 m3)
(Non-coniferous) ('000 m3)
Traditional Fuel Use (% total energy use)
CO2 Emissions - Total ('000 MT)
Per Capita (MT)
Kg per 2000 $ of GDP
Electricity Production (Billion kwh)
Annual Freshwater Withdrawals (m3)
Per Capita Cubic Meters (Internal)
Annual Internal Renew. Water Resources (m3)

CAMEROUN

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement

RUBRIQUE

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

620
1.3
2.7
...
...
30.7
...
...
...
...
...
20.5
- 4.1
80.0
6.3
40.5
...
5 000.0
2 136.4
56.1
47.0
168.0
...
...
...
150.1
37.7
14.1

920
0.8
3.4
...
...
31.8
...
...
...
...
...
19.1
4.1
...
18.4
43.9
...
14 872.0
2 239.2
57.7
46.3
202.0
23.0
...
...
147.3
37.7
14.5

980
1.0
3.9
...
...
31.5
...
...
...
...
...
19.6
2.1
...
...
...
...
4 925.0
...
...
...
197.0
...
...
...
146.1
37.5
14.5

1 050
...
...
0.523
153
...
...
...
...
...
...
19.9
3.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
192.0
...
...
...
144.5
37.2
14.4

1 150
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
19.7
3.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
142.6
36.9
14.2

...
RNB par habitant ($EU)
...
Dépenses publiques de santé en % du PIB
...
d'éducation en % du RNB
...
Valeur de l'Indice de dév. humain (de 0 à 1)
...
Rang (sur 182)
...
Valeur de l'Indice de pauvreté (IPH-1) (%)
...
Pop. sous le seuil national de pauvreté (%)
...
sous le seuil inter. de pauvreté (2$/J) (%)
... Revenu des ménages aux dépenses aliment. (%)
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus riches
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus pauvres
...
Part de l'agriculture dans PIB (%)
...
Croissance de la valeur ajoutée agricole (%)
...
Accès aux soins de santé (%)
...
Médécins pour 100000 habitants
...
Infirmières pour 100000 habitants
...
Lits d'hopitaux pour 100000 habitants
...
Aide alimentaire en céréales ('000 TM)
...
Apport journalier en calories par habitant
...
Apport journalier en protéines par habt (gr)
...
Apport journalier en lipides par habit. (gr)
...
Incidence de tuberculose (pour 100000)
...
Prévalence de la malnutrition (% de pop.)
...
Insuffisance pondérale des < 5 ans (%)
... Insuffisance pondérale néonatale (% des naiss.)
140.6
Taux de mortalité des < 5 ans (pour 1000)
36.4
Taux brut de natalité (pour 1000)
14.0
Taux brut de mortalité (pour
(p
1000))

47 271.0
12.61
2.54
0.06
4.23
33.35
22 345.0
0.9
...
...
...
63.0
41.0
84.0
47.0
54.0
0.4
...
21.0
...
9 111.3

6 833.0
0.43
0.74
3.48
...
...
...

47 271.0
12.61
2.54
0.06
4.23
35.68
21 245.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
381.4
...
9 485.0

6 781.6
0.38
0.61
4.15
...
...
...

47 271.0
12.61
2.54
0.06
4.23
36.14
21 025.0
...
...
...
...
70.0
47.0
88.0
51.0
58.0
...
...
390.5
...
9 565.8

7 354.3
0.40
0.64
3.95
...
...
...

47 271.0
12.61
2.54
0.06
4.23
36.61
20 805.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
400.0
...
9 648.0

7 480.9
0.40
0.63
...
...
16 481.5
273.0

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
409.5
...
9 732.5

8 060.2
0.42
0.66
...
...
...
...

PAUVRETE
RNB par habitant ($ EU)
250
200
150
100
50
0
1970

1980

1990

2001

2003

2005

2007

RNB par Habitant

Apport journalier en calories
par habitant
2500
2000

.
1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

ENVIRONNEMENT
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Superficie des terres ('000 ha)
Terres arables (% sup des terres)
Terres cultivables (% sup. des terres)
Terres irriguées (% sup. des terres)
Prairies & pâturages permanents (% de terres)
Autres terres (en % des superf. des terres)
Superficie totale des forêts ('000 ha)
Taux annuel de déforestation (%)
Taux annuel de reboisement (%)
Etendue des forêts naturelles ('000 ha)
2

Zones nationales protégées ('000 Km )
Accès à l'eau potable (% de la pop. totale)
Rural (% de la pop. totale)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Accès aux services d'assainis. (% de la pop.)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Energie consommée par habitant ('000 TM)
Emissions de polluants d'eau organiques (kg/j)
Production du charbon ('000 TM)
3

Prod. de bois de chauffe (Conifères) ('000 m )
3
(Non conifères) ('000 m )
Combustibles tradit. utilisés (% d'énergie tot.)
Emissions totales du CO2 ('000 TM)
Par habitant (TM)
Kg par PIB en $ de 2000
Production d'électricité (en md de Kwh)
Prélèvements annuels d'eau douce (m3)
mètre cube par habitant (intérieure)

Accès à l'eau potable
(% de la pop. totale)
80
78
76
.

74
72
70
68
66
64
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Prod. de bois de chauffe (non conifères)
(millions de m3)
10000
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

3

Ressources d'eau intér. renouvelables (m /an)

93

CAPE VERDE

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

266.9
139.9
63.6
54.7
13.1
8.5
127.0
63.2
47.8
11.0
5.1
2.22
2.20
2.24
2.84
90.8
110.8
100.1
10.7
...
...
...
...
7.0
...
87.4
74.1
98.8
56.5
58.0
55.0
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
54.0
52.1
55.8
10.2
9.2
11.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

277.8
148.0
65.7
60.7
12.7
8.9
129.9
64.3
49.1
10.3
6.2



2.57
87.7
109.3
97.9
11.4
...
...
...
...
6.9
...
76.8
69.5
81.4
58.7
60.1
57.2
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
126.7
120.3
133.6
6.6
6.0
7.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

289.2
156.5
67.4
66.9
12.0
10.1
132.7
65.6
50.2
9.4
7.6
1.22
1.34
1.08
2.76
84.8
108.7
96.0
12.8
...
...
...
...
6.4
134.0
64.2
58.9
73.5
61.5
63.3
59.7
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
114.3
110.2
118.9
7.9
7.0
9.2
...
...
...
90.3
87.9
...
...
90.0
40.0
36.7
15.6
21.1

318.4
170.6
73.1
73.6
14.2
9.7
147.8
72.0
58.4
10.2
7.1
2.11
1.86
2.40
3.13
86.6
103.6
93.6
10.8
...
...
...
...
5.9
...
53.6
48.9
65.8
64.0
66.3
61.6
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
115.5
112.0
118.9
13.4
12.0
15.0
...
...
...
95.3
93.2
58.0
...
101.0
38.6
33.7
13.9
19.8

354.2
188.2
84.1
77.8
17.2
9.0
166.1
83.5
65.1
11.0
6.4
2.25
2.10
2.42
3.03
88.3
106.9
99.0
9.0
...
...
28.0
...
5.3
...
45.8
39.2
56.5
65.9
68.3
63.3
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
37.2
47.0
25.2
121.3
121.8
126.9
20.6
20.4
21.5
...
...
...
...
...
60.2
...
113.0
38.1
31.0
12.4
18.6

398.2
210.1
91.5
92.0
16.4
10.2
188.0
92.3
79.4
9.5
6.8
2.23
2.12
2.36
2.70
89.5
101.7
94.0
8.5
...
...
...
...
4.5
71.1
39.5
30.3
47.6
67.6
69.9
64.8
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
140.5
129.0
139.7
27.2
26.2
28.3
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
131.0
38.2
26.7
10.7
16.0

GENDER
Dependency Ratio (per 100)
100
80
60
40
20
0
1970

1985

1995

Total

2006

2007

2008

Age 0-14

2009

Age 65+

Maternal Mortality Rates
(per 100,000)
800
700
600

.

500
400
300
200
100
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Primary School
Enrolment (Gross)
(%)

Ratio
100.0

90

80.0
60

60.0
40.0

30

20.0
0.0

0

2005-08

2004

2000

1995

1985

1970

Male

Female

F/M

Economically active population
(per cent)
60
50
40
30
Male

20

Female

10
0
2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2000

1995

1985

1970

94

Total Population ('000)
Female Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Male Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Population Growth Rate -Total (%)
Female
Male
Rate of Natural Increase (%)
Sex Ratio (per 100 females)
Dependency Ratio - Total (%)
Age 0-14
Age 65+
Singulate Mean Age at Marriage (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (%)
Total Fertility Rate (per woman)
Maternal Mortality Rate (per 100,000)
Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Female (per 1,000)
, )
Male (p
(per 1,000)
Life Expectancy at Birth - Total (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Gender Ratio F/M
Average Size of Households-Overall
Urban
Rural
Households Headed by Women - Total (%)
Urban (%)
Rural (%)
Adult Illiteracy Rate - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Secondary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
School Life Expectancy - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Net ) (%)
Female (%)
Female School Teachers - Primary (%)
Secondary (%)
Economically active population ('000)
Female (as % of total)
Econ. active pop. in agric. (as % of Total)
Female (%)
Male (%)

CAP VERT

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement
2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

439.0
230.6
94.5
109.2
14.9
12.0
208.4
95.3
97.2
8.5
7.4
1.82
1.74
1.92
2.37
90.4
91.0
81.0
8.1
...
24.6
28.8
...
3.7
88.2
34.1
24.2
40.0
69.0
71.4
66.1
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
119.6
117.7
121.5
...
...
...
...
...
...
98.9
98.7
61.9
...
151.0
39.1
23.2
9.3
13.9

477.4
249.9
93.5
125.8
16.5
14.0
227.6
94.3
116.1
9.4
7.7
1.56
1.49
1.64
2.06
91.1
78.2
70.4
7.6
...
...
...
...
3.0
14.7
28.4
19.6
33.7
70.5
72.9
67.6
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
17.9
23.3
11.7
108.8
106.0
111.6
69.7
72.1
67.2
10.6
10.5
10.6
90.8
90.2
66.1
40.1
172.0
40.7
19.8
8.1
11.6

484.7
253.5
92.9
129.0
17.4
14.2
231.2
93.8
119.8
9.9
7.6
1.50
1.43
1.58
2.01
91.2
75.5
68.6
7.6
...
...
...
30.8
2.9
36.2
27.3
18.7
32.5
70.8
73.2
67.9
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
17.0
22.2
11.1
107.3
104.6
109.9
82.4
88.2
76.6
...
...
...
89.1
88.6
66.3
38.2
176.0
40.9
19.3
8.0
11.4

491.7
257.0
92.3
132.1
18.4
14.2
234.7
93.2
123.4
10.6
7.5
1.45
1.38
1.52
1.96
91.3
72.8
67.0
7.5
...
...
...
...
2.8
...
26.2
17.9
31.3
71.1
73.5
68.2
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
16.2
21.2
10.6
104.2
101.1
107.3
81.3
88.1
74.5
...
...
...
86.8
86.1
66.7
39.4
181.0
41.4
18.8
7.7
11.0

498.7
260.4
91.7
135.0
19.6
14.2
238.2
92.6
126.9
11.4
7.3
1.40
1.34
1.48
1.91
91.5
70.2
65.5
7.3
...
...
...
...
2.7
...
25.2
17.3
30.4
71.4
73.8
68.4
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
101.3
98.1
104.5
82.8
86.8
78.8
...
...
...
84.4
83.7
66.7
39.7
186.0
41.9
17.7
7.5
10.8

505.6
263.9
91.0
137.9
20.9
14.1
241.7
92.0
130.2
12.3
7.2
1.38
1.31
1.45
1.88
91.6
67.8
64.2
6.9
...
...
...
...
2.7
...
24.3
16.7
29.5
71.7
74.1
68.7
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
191.0
42.4
17.3
7.3
9.9

RUBRIQUE

GENRE
Population totale ('000)
Population féminine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Population masculine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Taux de croissance de la pop. -Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux d'accroissement naturel (%)
Rapport de masculinité (pour 100 femmes)
Taux de dépendence - Total (%)
0-14 ans
65+ ans
Age moyen au mariage (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Taux de prévalence contraceptive (%)
Indice synthétique de fécondité (par femme)
Taux de mortalité maternelle (pour 100000)
Taux de mortalité infantile (pour 1000)
Femme (pour 1000)
Homme (p
(pour 1000)
Espérance de vie à la naissance - Totale (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Ratio de genre F/H
Taille moyenne des ménages - Ensemble
Urbain
Rural
Femmes chefs de ménages - Total (%)
Urbain (%)
Rural (%)
Taux d'analphabétisme des adultes - Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au secondaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Espérance de vie scolaire - Totale (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux net de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Personnel enseignant féminin - primaire (%)
secondaire (%)
Population active totale ('000)
Femme (en % de la pop. tot.)
Participation de la pop. active agricole (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)

Taux de dépendance (pour 100)
2009
2008
2007
2006
1995
1985
1970

0

20

40

65+ ans

60

0-14 ans

80

100

Total

Taux de mortalité maternelle
(pour 100000)
800
700
600
.

500
400
300
200
100
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Taux bruts de scolarisation au primaire
Ratio

(%)

100.0

70
60

80.0

50
40

60.0

30

40.0

20
20.0

10

0.0

0
1970 1985 1995 2000 2004 200508
Total

Filles

F/G

Participation de la
population active (%)

Hommes
Femmes

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1970

1995

2003

2005

2007

2009

95

CAPE VERDE

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970-74

1975-79

1980-84

1985-89

1990-94

1995

...
...
3.7
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
8.2
24.3
140.8
6 940.0
1 876.5
47.6
42.5
...
...
...
...
...
37.1
11.1

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
34 089.0
2 262.3
61.3
56.9
...
...
...
...
...
36.9
10.1

...
...
3.8
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
11.8
3.2
...
20.0
140.0
218.5
49 552.0
2 476.5
69.1
68.7
...
...
19.5
...
73.8
40.9
9.9

947
...
2.6
...
...
...
49.0
...
...
...
...
16.2
7.9
81.7
34.1
60.3
154.2
54 657.0
2 461.8
67.5
61.3
...
...
18.8
...
61.1
39.2
8.4

1 091
2.8
3.6
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
12.8
8.2
...
27.0
58.2
192.3
63 960.0
2 418.3
56.2
88.2
169.0
12.0
16.0
...
50.8
34.7
7.0

1 157
2.8
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
13.6
6.6
...
...
...
206.7
50 124.0
2 454.8
60.9
96.1
168.0
...
...
...
49.2
33.8
6.8

...
...
...
...
...
68.81
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
68.19
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

403.0
9.43
0.50
0.50
6.20
67.34
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

158.5
0.51
0.72
0.03
...
1 006.7
0.3

403.0
9.93
0.50
0.74
6.20
66.72
...
...
...
...
...
31.2
49.0
100.0
10.4
41.0
...
...
...
...
...

90.4
0.26
0.31
0.03
...
914.6
0.3

403.0
10.17
0.74
0.74
6.20
66.13
67.5
...
...
...
...
67.1
34.0
70.0
24.0
40.0
...
...
...
...
...

116.1
0.30
0.33
0.08
...
821.9
0.3

403.0
10.42
0.74
0.74
6.20
65.29
69.9
...
...
...
...
79.0
73.0
86.0
40.0
61.0
...
...
...
...
...

112.6
0.28
0.30
0.08
...
...
...

POVERTY
Per Capita GNI (US $)
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
2007

2005

2003

2001

1990

1980

1970

Daily per Capita Calorie Supply

2500
2000

.

1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

GNI Per Capita (US$)
Public Expenditure - on Health (as % of GDP)
on Education (as % of GNI)
Human Development Index Value (0 to 1)
Rank (out of 182)
Human Poverty Index (HPI-1) Value (%)
Population Below National Poverty Line (%)
Below Inter. Poverty Line ( $2 /day) (%)
Household Income Spent on Food (%)
Share of Income Held by Richest 10%
Share of Income Held by Poorest 10%
Share of Agriculture in Total GDP (%)
Growth of Value Added in Agriculture (%)
Access to Health Care (%)
Physician per 100,000 People
Nurse per 100,000 People
Hospital Beds per 100,000 People
Food Aid in Cereals ('000 MT)
Daily per Capita Calorie Supply
Daily per Capita Protein Supply (grams)
Daily per Capita Fat Supply (grams)
Incidence of Tuberculosis (per 100000 inhab.)
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of pop.)
Underweight Children Under Age 5 (%)
Low Birthweight Babies (% of births)
Under Five Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Birth Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Death Rate (p
(per 1,000)
, )

ENVIRONMENT
Land Area ('000 ha)
Arable Land (as % of land area)
Permanent Crops Use (as % land area)
Irrigated Land (% of land area)
Permanent Pasture Use (as % of land area)
Other Land Use (as % of land area)
Total Forest Area ('000 ha)
Annual Rate of Deforestation (%)
Annual Rate of Reforestation (%)
Natural Forest Cover ('000 ha)

Access to Safe Water
(% of total population)
100
90
80

.

70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Fuelwood Production Trends (Non-coniferous) ,
(Mn m3)
10,000
9,000
8,000
7,000
6,000
5,000
4,000
3,000
2,000
1,000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

96

Nationally Protected Areas ('000 Km2)
Access to Safe Water (% of total population)
% Rural
% Urban
Access to Sanitation (% of population)
% Urban
Energy Consumption per Capita ('000 MT)
Emissions of Organic Water Pollutants (kg/day)
Charcoal Production ('000 MT)
Fuelwood Production (Coniferous) ('000 m3)
(Non-coniferous) ('000 m3)
Traditional Fuel Use (% total energy use)
CO2 Emissions - Total ('000 MT)
Per Capita (MT)
Kg per 2000 $ of GDP
Electricity Production (Billion kwh)
Annual Freshwater Withdrawals (m3)
Per Capita Cubic Meters (Internal)
Annual Internal Renew. Water Resources (m3)

CAP VERT

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement
2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

1 310
3.4
...
...
...
20.8
...
...
...
...
...
12.9
10.4
...
37.1
...
154.0
53 861.0
2 302.0
61.3
66.5
160.0
...
15.0
...
41.7
29.6
5.9

2 040
3.6
6.3
...
...
15.8
...
...
...
...
...
8.4
- 6.4
...
...
...
193.6
24 869.0
2 424.5
63.8
67.4
153.0
14.0
...
...
34.1
25.8
5.2

2 360
3.8
5.8
...
...
15.0
...
...
...
...
...
8.4
5.8
...
41.8
90.8
190.5
15 845.0
...
...
...
152.0
...
...
...
32.7
25.2
5.1

2 680
...
...
0.708
121
...
...
...
...
...
...
8.2
3.9
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
151.0
...
...
...
31.3
24.6
5.1

3 130
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
8.0
0.8
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
30.0
24.1
5.0

403.0
10.92
0.50
0.74
6.20
62.01
82.1
- 9.3
...
...
...
80.0
73.0
86.0
41.0
61.0
...
...
...
...
...

174.6
0.40
0.31
0.15
...
...
...

403.0
12.41
0.50
0.74
6.20
60.15
83.6
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
0.9
...
1.5

254.6
0.53
0.34
0.24
...
...
...

403.0
12.41
0.74
0.74
6.20
59.75
84.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
0.9
...
1.5

292.4
0.60
0.36
0.25
...
...
...

403.0
12.41
0.74
0.74
6.20
59.68
84.5
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
0.9
...
1.5

294.8
0.60
0.33
...
...
622.4
0.3

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
25.3
...
1.8

309.6
0.62
0.33
...
...
...
...

2009

RUBRIQUE

PAUVRETE
...
RNB par habitant ($EU)
...
Dépenses publiques de santé en % du PIB
...
d'éducation en % du RNB
...
Valeur de l'Indice de dév. humain (de 0 à 1)
...
Rang (sur 182)
...
Valeur de l'Indice de pauvreté (IPH-1) (%)
...
Pop. sous le seuil national de pauvreté (%)
...
sous le seuil inter. de pauvreté (2$/J) (%)
... Revenu des ménages aux dépenses aliment. (%)
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus riches
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus pauvres
...
Part de l'agriculture dans PIB (%)
...
Croissance de la valeur ajoutée agricole (%)
...
Accès aux soins de santé (%)
...
Médécins pour 100000 habitants
...
Infirmières pour 100000 habitants
...
Lits d'hopitaux pour 100000 habitants
...
Aide alimentaire en céréales ('000 TM)
...
Apport journalier en calories par habitant
...
Apport journalier en protéines par habt (gr)
...
Apport journalier en lipides par habit. (gr)
...
Incidence de tuberculose (pour 100000)
...
Prévalence de la malnutrition (% de pop.)
...
Insuffisance pondérale des < 5 ans (%)
... Insuffisance pondérale néonatale (% des naiss.)
28.8
Taux de mortalité des < 5 ans (pour 1000)
23.7
Taux brut de natalité (pour 1000)
4.9
Taux brut de mortalité (pour
(p
1000))

RNB par habitant ($ EU)
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
1970

1980

1990

2001

2003

2005

2007

RNB par Habitant

Apport journalier en calories
par habitant
2500
2000

.
1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

ENVIRONNEMENT
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Superficie des terres ('000 ha)
Terres arables (% sup des terres)
Terres cultivables (% sup. des terres)
Terres irriguées (% sup. des terres)
Prairies & pâturages permanents (% de terres)
Autres terres (en % des superf. des terres)
Superficie totale des forêts ('000 ha)
Taux annuel de déforestation (%)
Taux annuel de reboisement (%)
Etendue des forêts naturelles ('000 ha)
2

Zones nationales protégées ('000 Km )
Accès à l'eau potable (% de la pop. totale)
Rural (% de la pop. totale)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Accès aux services d'assainis. (% de la pop.)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Energie consommée par habitant ('000 TM)
Emissions de polluants d'eau organiques (kg/j)
Production du charbon ('000 TM)
3

Prod. de bois de chauffe (Conifères) ('000 m )
3
(Non conifères) ('000 m )
Combustibles tradit. utilisés (% d'énergie tot.)
Emissions totales du CO2 ('000 TM)
Par habitant (TM)
Kg par PIB en $ de 2000
Production d'électricité (en md de Kwh)
Prélèvements annuels d'eau douce (m3)
mètre cube par habitant (intérieure)

Accès à l'eau potable
(% de la pop. totale)
100
90
80
70

.

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Prod. de bois de chauffe (non conifères)
(millions de m3)
10000
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

3

Ressources d'eau intér. renouvelables (m /an)

97

CENT. AFR. REP.

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

1 828.0
929.7
373.3
428.3
95.1
41.5
898.3
369.3
416.0
77.5
33.4



2.04
96.6
80.9
73.5
7.5
...
...
...
...
6.0
...
149.2
122.0
169.1
42.0
43.8
40.2
1.09
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
64.7
41.2
89.6
4.2
1.5
7.0
...
...
...
49.7
33.2
16.8
...
...
...
...
...
...

2 016.4
1 025.8
422.5
463.4
102.4
46.1
990.5
418.6
449.2
83.1
36.9



2.27
96.6
84.6
76.1
7.6
...
...
...
...
6.0
...
127.8
106.5
154.5
45.6
47.6
43.6
1.09
...
...
...
...
...
...
81.8
91.6
70.4
72.7
51.0
96.0
7.7
3.0
13.0
...
...
...
...
...
17.8
...
...
...
...
...
...

2 268.8
1 154.3
480.9
517.9
110.8
51.8
1 114.5
477.1
501.6
91.2
41.3
2.65
2.65
2.65
2.47
96.6
86.3
79.0
7.7
...
...
...
...
6.0
...
112.7
93.2
143.3
48.4
50.7
46.2
1.10
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
70.8
50.6
92.1
13.6
7.0
20.6
...
...
...
56.4
41.2
24.6
15.7
1 018.0
46.6
84.5
42.0
42.4

2 619.7
1 332.7
556.3
602.1
121.0
57.9
1 287.0
551.9
582.9
101.6
46.6
2.65
2.65
2.65
2.56
96.6
86.2
79.2
7.5
...
...
...
...
5.9
...
108.4
83.1
133.2
49.6
52.0
47.2
1.10
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
75.1
57.5
93.4
16.1
8.0
24.0
...
...
...
60.7
47.5
25.0
...
1 173.0
46.3
82.3
41.1
41.2

2 928.5
1 490.7
633.4
666.4
130.6
64.6
1 437.8
628.3
643.6
110.1
51.6
2.32
2.33
2.30
2.44
96.5
88.9
82.6
7.6
...
...
...
...
5.8
700.0
109.5
89.2
123.7
49.3
51.9
46.8
1.11
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
65.0
50.9
79.8
11.7
7.0
16.9
...
...
...
53.1
42.3
24.9
...
1 294.0
46.0
80.1
40.0
40.0

3 334.5
1 698.2
710.7
776.7
142.8
72.7
1 636.3
705.0
748.4
120.1
58.1
2.58
2.59
2.57
2.31
96.4
86.5
80.7
7.3
...
19.4
24.4
14.8
5.6
...
111.3
95.3
116.4
48.1
50.7
45.7
1.11
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
58.9
46.7
71.4
9.8
5.8
14.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1 476.0
45.8
76.6
38.4
38.1

GENDER
Dependency Ratio (per 100)
100
80
60
40
20
0
1970

1985

1995

Total

2006

2007

2008

Age 0-14

2009

Age 65+

Maternal Mortality Rates
(per 100,000)
800
700
600

.

500
400
300
200
100
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Primary School
Enrolment (Gross)
(%)

Ratio
100.0

90

80.0
60

60.0
40.0

30

20.0
0.0

0

2005-08

2004

2000

1995

1985

1970

Male

Female

F/M

Economically active population
(per cent)
60
50
40
30
Male

20

Female

10
0
2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2000

1995

1985

1970

98

Total Population ('000)
Female Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Male Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Population Growth Rate -Total (%)
Female
Male
Rate of Natural Increase (%)
Sex Ratio (per 100 females)
Dependency Ratio - Total (%)
Age 0-14
Age 65+
Singulate Mean Age at Marriage (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (%)
Total Fertility Rate (per woman)
Maternal Mortality Rate (per 100,000)
Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Female (per 1,000)
, )
Male (p
(per 1,000)
Life Expectancy at Birth - Total (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Gender Ratio F/M
Average Size of Households-Overall
Urban
Rural
Households Headed by Women - Total (%)
Urban (%)
Rural (%)
Adult Illiteracy Rate - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Secondary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
School Life Expectancy - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Net ) (%)
Female (%)
Female School Teachers - Primary (%)
Secondary (%)
Economically active population ('000)
Female (as % of total)
Econ. active pop. in agric. (as % of Total)
Female (%)
Male (%)

RÉP. CENTRAF.

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement
2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

3 745.7
1 908.4
788.6
889.5
154.0
81.0
1 837.3
782.3
856.6
126.4
64.7
2.10
2.10
2.09
2.16
96.3
84.6
80.4
7.3
...
...
...
27.9
5.4
1 100.0
113.4
93.1
112.8
46.4
48.6
44.3
1.10
...
...
...
...
...
...
51.4
66.5
35.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1 657.0
45.8
72.6
36.6
35.9

4 101.5
2 088.8
855.0
981.9
168.2
88.7
2 012.7
848.2
951.4
134.4
70.4
1.79
1.77
1.81
1.94
96.4
83.2
79.8
7.2
...
...
...
...
5.1
980.0
110.0
88.9
108.9
46.2
47.8
44.5
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
64.7
52.8
76.8
...
...
...
...
...
...
48.1
40.5
15.2
...
1 810.0
45.3
68.1
34.2
33.9

4 177.9
2 127.3
867.4
1 002.8
171.1
90.4
2 050.7
860.4
973.6
136.3
71.7
1.85
1.82
1.87
1.91
96.4
82.6
79.2
6.9
...
...
...
19.1
5.0
...
108.4
87.7
107.9
46.4
48.0
44.8
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
64.5
52.6
76.5
...
...
...
...
...
...
48.5
40.6
14.3
...
1 846.0
45.3
67.2
33.7
33.4

4 257.4
2 167.1
879.5
1 025.0
173.9
92.2
2 090.3
872.3
997.4
138.4
73.0
1.88
1.86
1.91
1.87
96.5
81.9
78.4
6.8
...
...
...
...
4.9
...
106.6
86.6
106.9
46.7
48.2
45.1
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
74.7
61.5
88.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
56.9
47.5
13.4
...
1 890.0
45.2
66.2
33.2
33.0

4 339.3
2 208.2
891.2
1 048.6
176.7
94.0
2 131.1
883.8
1 022.6
140.6
74.4
1.90
1.87
1.94
1.85
96.5
81.1
77.5
6.8
...
...
...
...
4.8
...
104.9
85.2
105.1
47.0
48.5
45.5
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
77.4
64.4
90.6
...
...
...
...
...
...
59.1
50.4
12.7
...
1 935.0
45.1
65.3
32.7
32.6

4 422.4
2 249.8
902.3
1 073.1
179.5
95.8
2 172.6
894.8
1 048.9
142.9
75.7
1.90
1.87
1.93
1.82
96.6
80.2
76.5
6.9
...
...
...
...
4.7
...
103.1
83.9
103.3
47.4
48.8
45.9
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1 982.0
45.0
64.2
32.1
32.1

RUBRIQUE

GENRE
Population totale ('000)
Population féminine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Population masculine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Taux de croissance de la pop. -Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux d'accroissement naturel (%)
Rapport de masculinité (pour 100 femmes)
Taux de dépendence - Total (%)
0-14 ans
65+ ans
Age moyen au mariage (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Taux de prévalence contraceptive (%)
Indice synthétique de fécondité (par femme)
Taux de mortalité maternelle (pour 100000)
Taux de mortalité infantile (pour 1000)
Femme (pour 1000)
Homme (p
(pour 1000)
Espérance de vie à la naissance - Totale (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Ratio de genre F/H
Taille moyenne des ménages - Ensemble
Urbain
Rural
Femmes chefs de ménages - Total (%)
Urbain (%)
Rural (%)
Taux d'analphabétisme des adultes - Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au secondaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Espérance de vie scolaire - Totale (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux net de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Personnel enseignant féminin - primaire (%)
secondaire (%)
Population active totale ('000)
Femme (en % de la pop. tot.)
Participation de la pop. active agricole (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)

Taux de dépendance (pour 100)
2009
2008
2007
2006
1995
1985
1970

0

20
65+ ans

40

60

0-14 ans

80

100

Total

Taux de mortalité maternelle
(pour 100000)
800
700
600
.

500
400
300
200
100
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Taux bruts de scolarisation au primaire
Ratio

(%)

100.0

70
60

80.0

50
40

60.0

30

40.0

20
20.0

10

0.0

0
1970 1985 1995 2000 2004 200508
Total

Filles

F/G

Participation de la
population active (%)

Hommes
Femmes

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1970

1995

2003

2005

2007

2009

99

CENT. AFR. REP.

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970-74

1975-79

1980-84

1985-89

1990-94

1995

...
...
4.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
2.3
40.2
187.6
600.0
2 476.5
36.5
68.2
...
26.0
...
...
...
42.5
20.2

...
...
4.8
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
3 000.0
2 307.3
35.4
62.3
...
...
...
...
...
42.3
18.0

256
...
3.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
42.0
9.4
...
4.3
44.8
155.8
11 585.0
1 881.3
36.1
55.8
...
23.0
...
23.0
187.1
42.4
16.8

464
...
2.1
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
46.3
0.2
12.5
3.9
...
...
3 863.0
1 840.1
39.1
63.0
...
...
...
17.5
185.5
41.5
16.7

351
1.7
1.6
...
...
...
...
90.7
...
47.7
0.7
44.9
1.1
...
4.5
8.6
88.0
1 809.0
1 790.2
40.3
56.6
196.0
50.0
27.3
13.4
188.5
40.3
17.0

338
1.9
1.6
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
46.2
5.1
...
3.6
8.6
...
...
1 792.8
41.3
55.5
209.0
...
23.2
...
189.3
40.3
17.2

...
...
...
...
...
54.72
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
54.77
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

62 300.0
3.05
0.13
0.00
4.82
54.79
...
...
...
...
...
16.0
5.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
2 860.0

198.3
0.08
0.24
0.07
...
57 858.0
141.0

62 300.0
3.08
0.14
0.00
4.82
54.84
...
...
...
...
...
19.0
14.0
29.0
15.0
36.0
...
...
...
...
3 055.0

227.3
0.08
0.26
0.09
...
51 124.0
141.0

62 300.0
3.10
0.14
0.00
4.82
54.89
23 083.0
...
...
...
...
23.0
25.0
20.0
45.0
21.0
...
...
...
...
3 000.0

290.1
0.09
0.35
0.10
...
45 483.9
141.0

62 300.0
3.10
0.14
0.00
4.80
54.96
23 053.0
...
...
...
...
59.0
47.0
80.0
15.0
25.0
...
...
...
...
3 000.0

289.0
0.09
0.33
0.10
...
...
...

POVERTY
Per Capita GNI (US $)
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
2007

2005

2003

2001

1990

1980

1970

Daily per Capita Calorie Supply

2500
2000

.

1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

GNI Per Capita (US$)
Public Expenditure - on Health (as % of GDP)
on Education (as % of GNI)
Human Development Index Value (0 to 1)
Rank (out of 182)
Human Poverty Index (HPI-1) Value (%)
Population Below National Poverty Line (%)
Below Inter. Poverty Line ( $2 /day) (%)
Household Income Spent on Food (%)
Share of Income Held by Richest 10%
Share of Income Held by Poorest 10%
Share of Agriculture in Total GDP (%)
Growth of Value Added in Agriculture (%)
Access to Health Care (%)
Physician per 100,000 People
Nurse per 100,000 People
Hospital Beds per 100,000 People
Food Aid in Cereals ('000 MT)
Daily per Capita Calorie Supply
Daily per Capita Protein Supply (grams)
Daily per Capita Fat Supply (grams)
Incidence of Tuberculosis (per 100000 inhab.)
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of pop.)
Underweight Children Under Age 5 (%)
Low Birthweight Babies (% of births)
Under Five Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Birth Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Death Rate (p
(per 1,000)
, )

ENVIRONMENT
Land Area ('000 ha)
Arable Land (as % of land area)
Permanent Crops Use (as % land area)
Irrigated Land (% of land area)
Permanent Pasture Use (as % of land area)
Other Land Use (as % of land area)
Total Forest Area ('000 ha)
Annual Rate of Deforestation (%)
Annual Rate of Reforestation (%)
Natural Forest Cover ('000 ha)

Access to Safe Water
(% of total population)
100
90
80

.

70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Fuelwood Production Trends (Non-coniferous) ,
(Mn m3)
10,000
9,000
8,000
7,000
6,000
5,000
4,000
3,000
2,000
1,000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

100

Nationally Protected Areas ('000 Km2)
Access to Safe Water (% of total population)
% Rural
% Urban
Access to Sanitation (% of population)
% Urban
Energy Consumption per Capita ('000 MT)
Emissions of Organic Water Pollutants (kg/day)
Charcoal Production ('000 MT)
Fuelwood Production (Coniferous) ('000 m3)
(Non-coniferous) ('000 m3)
Traditional Fuel Use (% total energy use)
CO2 Emissions - Total ('000 MT)
Per Capita (MT)
Kg per 2000 $ of GDP
Electricity Production (Billion kwh)
Annual Freshwater Withdrawals (m3)
Per Capita Cubic Meters (Internal)
Annual Internal Renew. Water Resources (m3)

RÉP. CENTRAF.

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement

RUBRIQUE

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

270
1.6
...
...
...
45.2
...
...
...
...
...
49.9
6.3
52.0
3.3
8.4
95.0
1 938.0
1 875.3
44.2
56.6
302.0
...
24.1
...
192.7
39.6
18.0

320
1.9
1.4
...
...
43.6
...
...
...
...
...
54.0
1.3
...
4.5
...
...
7 435.0
1 924.4
45.0
61.6
363.0
41.0
...
...
187.0
37.2
17.7

340
1.5
1.3
...
...
44.6
...
...
...
...
...
54.0
3.6
...
...
...
...
8 047.0
...
...
...
354.0
...
29.3
...
184.4
36.6
17.5

370
1.3
...
0.369
179
...
...
...
...
...
...
55.1
5.1
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
345.0
...
...
...
181.6
36.0
17.2

410
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
54.2
5.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
178.5
35.4
17.0

...
RNB par habitant ($EU)
...
Dépenses publiques de santé en % du PIB
...
d'éducation en % du RNB
...
Valeur de l'Indice de dév. humain (de 0 à 1)
...
Rang (sur 182)
...
Valeur de l'Indice de pauvreté (IPH-1) (%)
...
Pop. sous le seuil national de pauvreté (%)
...
sous le seuil inter. de pauvreté (2$/J) (%)
... Revenu des ménages aux dépenses aliment. (%)
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus riches
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus pauvres
...
Part de l'agriculture dans PIB (%)
...
Croissance de la valeur ajoutée agricole (%)
...
Accès aux soins de santé (%)
...
Médécins pour 100000 habitants
...
Infirmières pour 100000 habitants
...
Lits d'hopitaux pour 100000 habitants
...
Aide alimentaire en céréales ('000 TM)
...
Apport journalier en calories par habitant
...
Apport journalier en protéines par habt (gr)
...
Apport journalier en lipides par habit. (gr)
...
Incidence de tuberculose (pour 100000)
...
Prévalence de la malnutrition (% de pop.)
...
Insuffisance pondérale des < 5 ans (%)
... Insuffisance pondérale néonatale (% des naiss.)
175.3
Taux de mortalité des < 5 ans (pour 1000)
34.9
Taux brut de natalité (pour 1000)
16.7
Taux brut de mortalité (pour
(p
1000))

62 300.0
3.10
0.15
0.00
5.02
54.97
22 903.0
0.1
...
...
...
63.0
49.0
85.0
22.0
32.0
...
...
21.0
...
2 000.0

324.6
0.09
0.34
0.11
...
...
...

62 300.0
3.10
0.14
0.00
5.14
55.10
22 755.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
21.0
...
2 000.0

308.8
0.08
0.31
0.11
...
...
...

62 300.0
3.07
0.13
0.00
5.14
55.19
22 725.4
...
...
...
...
66.0
51.0
90.0
31.0
40.0
...
...
21.0
...
2 000.0

324.7
0.08
0.31
0.11
...
...
...

62 300.0
3.09
0.13
0.00
5.14
55.22
22 695.8
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
182.2
...
2 000.0

339.0
0.08
0.31
...
...
35 588.1
141.0

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
185.5
...
6 016.5

339.0
0.08
0.31
...
...
...
...

PAUVRETE
RNB par habitant ($ EU)
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
1970

1980

1990

2001

2003

2005

2007

RNB par Habitant

Apport journalier en calories
par habitant
2500
2000

.
1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

ENVIRONNEMENT
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Superficie des terres ('000 ha)
Terres arables (% sup des terres)
Terres cultivables (% sup. des terres)
Terres irriguées (% sup. des terres)
Prairies & pâturages permanents (% de terres)
Autres terres (en % des superf. des terres)
Superficie totale des forêts ('000 ha)
Taux annuel de déforestation (%)
Taux annuel de reboisement (%)
Etendue des forêts naturelles ('000 ha)
2

Zones nationales protégées ('000 Km )
Accès à l'eau potable (% de la pop. totale)
Rural (% de la pop. totale)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Accès aux services d'assainis. (% de la pop.)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Energie consommée par habitant ('000 TM)
Emissions de polluants d'eau organiques (kg/j)
Production du charbon ('000 TM)
3

Prod. de bois de chauffe (Conifères) ('000 m )
3
(Non conifères) ('000 m )
Combustibles tradit. utilisés (% d'énergie tot.)
Emissions totales du CO2 ('000 TM)
Par habitant (TM)
Kg par PIB en $ de 2000
Production d'électricité (en md de Kwh)
Prélèvements annuels d'eau douce (m3)
mètre cube par habitant (intérieure)

Accès à l'eau potable
(% de la pop. totale)
100
90
80
70

.

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Prod. de bois de chauffe (non conifères)
(millions de m3)
10000
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

3

Ressources d'eau intér. renouvelables (m /an)

101

CHAD

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

3 682.4
1 872.2
780.1
839.7
173.4
79.0
1 810.1
769.7
825.1
154.1
61.2
2.27
2.26
2.28
2.52
96.7
84.8
77.8
7.0
...
...
...
...
6.5
...
155.9
121.1
189.1
44.6
46.6
42.7
1.09
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
34.7
17.4
52.0
2.0
0.3
4.0
...
...
...
...
...
5.0
...
...
...
...
...
...

4 154.8
2 111.2
896.6
937.7
188.5
88.3
2 043.7
888.2
920.1
167.6
67.7
2.28
2.27
2.30
2.78
96.8
87.7
80.6
7.0
...
...
...
...
6.7
...
147.7
122.1
171.5
46.4
48.4
44.4
1.09
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
34.5
18.1
51.0
2.7
1.0
5.0
...
...
...
...
...
5.3
...
...
...
...
...
...

4 608.2
2 339.2
1 020.6
1 025.8
198.5
94.3
2 269.0
1 014.5
1 005.8
176.3
72.5
2.14
2.12
2.17
2.96
97.0
91.5
84.6
7.0
...
...
...
...
6.8
700.0
138.6
114.5
161.0
48.3
50.2
46.4
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
35.7
19.1
52.3
5.2
1.1
9.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1 547.0
25.9
85.6
24.7
60.9

5 222.0
2 646.7
1 183.5
1 148.3
211.6
103.4
2 575.3
1 181.4
1 125.9
187.9
80.2
2.79
2.76
2.83
3.09
97.3
95.3
88.6
6.9
...
...
...
...
6.7
...
129.7
110.1
149.3
50.3
52.2
48.5
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
43.9
25.0
63.4
6.2
1.9
10.5
...
...
...
...
...
3.5
...
1 857.0
33.7
84.2
31.3
52.8

6 105.4
3 089.1
1 400.9
1 340.0
231.0
117.4
3 016.2
1 404.3
1 311.8
209.6
90.7
3.16
3.12
3.19
3.13
97.6
97.5
90.6
6.7
...
...
...
...
6.7
900.0
126.3
110.5
140.6
51.2
53.1
49.5
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
54.4
33.6
75.4
7.8
3.0
12.9
...
...
...
...
...
5.9
...
2 315.0
41.4
82.9
37.7
45.2

7 127.8
3 600.3
1 637.3
1 578.2
254.7
130.5
3 527.4
1 647.1
1 543.9
236.0
100.9
3.14
3.11
3.18
3.12
98.0
97.3
91.1
6.4
...
...
...
...
6.6
...
128.0
114.7
134.5
50.7
52.4
49.0
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
51.4
33.8
69.1
9.3
3.8
15.7
...
...
...
39.7
...
8.5
4.6
2 790.0
45.8
79.7
40.5
39.2

GENDER
Dependency Ratio (per 100)
100
80
60
40
20
0
1970

1985

1995

Total

2006

2007

2008

Age 0-14

2009

Age 65+

Maternal Mortality Rates
(per 100,000)
800
700
600

.

500
400
300
200
100
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Primary School
Enrolment (Gross)
(%)

Ratio
100.0

90

80.0
60

60.0
40.0

30

20.0
0.0

0

2005-08

2004

2000

1995

1985

1970

Male

Female

F/M

Economically active population
(per cent)
60
50
40
30
Male

20

Female

10
0
2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2000

1995

1985

1970

102

Total Population ('000)
Female Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Male Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Population Growth Rate -Total (%)
Female
Male
Rate of Natural Increase (%)
Sex Ratio (per 100 females)
Dependency Ratio - Total (%)
Age 0-14
Age 65+
Singulate Mean Age at Marriage (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (%)
Total Fertility Rate (per woman)
Maternal Mortality Rate (per 100,000)
Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Female (per 1,000)
, )
Male (p
(per 1,000)
Life Expectancy at Birth - Total (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Gender Ratio F/M
Average Size of Households-Overall
Urban
Rural
Households Headed by Women - Total (%)
Urban (%)
Rural (%)
Adult Illiteracy Rate - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Secondary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
School Life Expectancy - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Net ) (%)
Female (%)
Female School Teachers - Primary (%)
Secondary (%)
Economically active population ('000)
Female (as % of total)
Econ. active pop. in agric. (as % of Total)
Female (%)
Male (%)

TCHAD

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement
2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

8 401.7
4 237.5
1 927.1
1 880.3
284.9
146.1
4 164.2
1 941.8
1 843.2
267.0
113.4
3.46
3.43
3.49
3.08
98.3
96.6
91.0
6.1
...
...
...
8.0
6.6
827.0
131.2
122.0
126.8
49.3
50.9
47.8
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
74.3
87.2
59.2
66.4
50.3
82.4
10.6
4.7
16.5
4.9
3.4
6.3
53.5
42.2
9.6
4.5
3 278.0
45.7
75.4
38.9
36.5

10 018.6
5 045.2
2 295.2
2 244.7
342.7
163.9
4 973.4
2 313.4
2 218.0
314.4
129.8
3.26
3.23
3.29
2.97
98.6
95.8
91.0
5.8
...
...
...
...
6.4
...
131.7
125.1
117.3
48.5
49.8
47.1
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
76.9
61.9
91.7
15.8
8.1
23.5
5.8
4.3
7.3
...
...
11.5
5.3
4 003.0
48.9
71.1
39.6
31.4

10 326.2
5 198.6
2 363.2
2 315.5
354.0
167.2
5 127.7
2 381.9
2 291.9
323.3
133.0
3.02
2.99
3.05
2.95
98.6
95.5
90.9
5.6
...
...
...
...
6.3
...
131.1
125.1
115.3
48.5
49.8
47.2
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
76.3
61.6
90.9
16.4
8.6
24.1
...
...
...
...
...
12.0
...
4 123.0
48.8
70.0
39.1
30.9

10 622.9
5 346.3
2 427.8
2 384.9
364.7
170.5
5 276.6
2 446.8
2 364.7
331.8
136.1
2.83
2.80
2.86
2.92
98.7
95.2
90.7
5.5
...
...
...
...
6.2
...
130.4
125.0
113.3
48.6
49.9
47.3
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
75.5
61.9
89.0
19.0
11.7
26.3
...
...
...
...
...
13.4
...
4 236.0
48.7
68.9
38.6
30.4

10 913.7
5 491.1
2 489.9
2 454.0
375.1
173.7
5 422.6
2 509.2
2 437.5
340.0
139.2
2.70
2.67
2.73
2.90
98.8
94.8
90.5
5.5
...
...
...
...
6.2
...
129.4
124.0
111.4
48.8
50.0
47.5
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
4 362.0
48.8
67.9
38.2
29.7

11 206.2
5 636.6
2 551.2
2 524.7
385.7
176.8
5 569.5
2 570.8
2 511.8
348.4
142.1
2.64
2.62
2.67
2.88
98.8
94.4
90.2
5.5
...
...
...
...
6.1
...
128.3
122.9
109.5
49.0
50.2
47.7
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
4 490.0
48.9
66.8
37.8
29.0

RUBRIQUE

GENRE
Population totale ('000)
Population féminine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Population masculine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Taux de croissance de la pop. -Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux d'accroissement naturel (%)
Rapport de masculinité (pour 100 femmes)
Taux de dépendence - Total (%)
0-14 ans
65+ ans
Age moyen au mariage (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Taux de prévalence contraceptive (%)
Indice synthétique de fécondité (par femme)
Taux de mortalité maternelle (pour 100000)
Taux de mortalité infantile (pour 1000)
Femme (pour 1000)
Homme (p
(pour 1000)
Espérance de vie à la naissance - Totale (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Ratio de genre F/H
Taille moyenne des ménages - Ensemble
Urbain
Rural
Femmes chefs de ménages - Total (%)
Urbain (%)
Rural (%)
Taux d'analphabétisme des adultes - Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au secondaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Espérance de vie scolaire - Totale (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux net de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Personnel enseignant féminin - primaire (%)
secondaire (%)
Population active totale ('000)
Femme (en % de la pop. tot.)
Participation de la pop. active agricole (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)

Taux de dépendance (pour 100)
2009
2008
2007
2006
1995
1985
1970

0

20
65+ ans

40

60

0-14 ans

80

100

Total

Taux de mortalité maternelle
(pour 100000)
800
700
600
.

500
400
300
200
100
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Taux bruts de scolarisation au primaire
Ratio

(%)

100.0

70
60

80.0

50
40

60.0

30

40.0

20
20.0

10

0.0

0
1970 1985 1995 2000 2004 200508
Total

Filles

F/G

Participation de la
population active (%)

Hommes
Femmes

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1970

1995

2003

2005

2007

2009

103

CHAD

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970-74

1975-79

1980-84

1985-89

1990-94

1995

...
...
1.3
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1.6
12.2
131.0
19 700.0
1 758.7
53.2
40.2
...
39.0
...
...
...
47.6
20.3

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
2.1
23.3
...
16 200.0
1 629.6
50.0
38.7
...
...
...
...
...
48.3
19.0

180
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
40.4
12.0
...
...
...
...
163 270.0
1 514.4
41.5
39.2
...
69.0
...
11.0
217.0
48.0
17.4

275
...
2.1
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
35.7
9.0
30.0
2.6
1.5
...
14 911.0
1 621.7
47.0
41.0
...
...
35.0
...
205.8
47.6
16.3

216
1.4
1.7
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
37.8
17.3
26.0
2.1
13.9
65.4
14 516.0
1 857.5
55.2
45.5
170.0
58.0
...
...
206.1
47.5
16.3

207
2.4
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
36.3
- 1.6
...
2.0
13.6
...
10 507.0
1 779.7
52.3
52.8
181.0
...
...
...
207.0
47.5
16.4

...
...
...
...
...
51.23
...
...
...
...
...
27.0
24.0
47.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
51.25
...
...
...
...
...
26.0
23.0
43.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

125 920.0
2.48
0.02
0.01
35.74
51.30
...
...
...
...
...
...
30.0
27.0
...
...
...
...
213.2
...
4 334.4

123.8
0.02
0.15
0.05
...
3 196.2
15.0

125 920.0
2.56
0.02
0.01
35.74
51.34
...
...
...
...
...
31.0
...
...
14.0
...
...
...
223.0
...
4 508.7

165.8
0.03
0.16
0.08
0.2
2 817.4
15.0

125 920.0
2.69
0.02
0.01
35.74
51.39
12 792.6
...
...
...
...
23.6
17.0
48.2
21.0
73.0
...
...
260.5
...
5 099.1

169.9
0.02
0.14
0.09
...
2 432.3
15.0

125 920.0
2.72
0.02
0.02
35.74
51.43
12 713.4
...
...
...
...
24.0
23.0
26.0
6.0
20.0
...
...
266.4
...
5 198.5

169.4
0.02
0.14
0.09
...
...
...

POVERTY
Per Capita GNI (US $)
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
2007

2005

2003

2001

1990

1980

1970

Daily per Capita Calorie Supply

2500
2000

.

1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

GNI Per Capita (US$)
Public Expenditure - on Health (as % of GDP)
on Education (as % of GNI)
Human Development Index Value (0 to 1)
Rank (out of 182)
Human Poverty Index (HPI-1) Value (%)
Population Below National Poverty Line (%)
Below Inter. Poverty Line ( $2 /day) (%)
Household Income Spent on Food (%)
Share of Income Held by Richest 10%
Share of Income Held by Poorest 10%
Share of Agriculture in Total GDP (%)
Growth of Value Added in Agriculture (%)
Access to Health Care (%)
Physician per 100,000 People
Nurse per 100,000 People
Hospital Beds per 100,000 People
Food Aid in Cereals ('000 MT)
Daily per Capita Calorie Supply
Daily per Capita Protein Supply (grams)
Daily per Capita Fat Supply (grams)
Incidence of Tuberculosis (per 100000 inhab.)
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of pop.)
Underweight Children Under Age 5 (%)
Low Birthweight Babies (% of births)
Under Five Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Birth Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Death Rate (p
(per 1,000)
, )

ENVIRONMENT
Land Area ('000 ha)
Arable Land (as % of land area)
Permanent Crops Use (as % land area)
Irrigated Land (% of land area)
Permanent Pasture Use (as % of land area)
Other Land Use (as % of land area)
Total Forest Area ('000 ha)
Annual Rate of Deforestation (%)
Annual Rate of Reforestation (%)
Natural Forest Cover ('000 ha)

Access to Safe Water
(% of total population)
100
90
80

.

70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Fuelwood Production Trends (Non-coniferous) ,
(Mn m3)
10,000
9,000
8,000
7,000
6,000
5,000
4,000
3,000
2,000
1,000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

104

Nationally Protected Areas ('000 Km2)
Access to Safe Water (% of total population)
% Rural
% Urban
Access to Sanitation (% of population)
% Urban
Energy Consumption per Capita ('000 MT)
Emissions of Organic Water Pollutants (kg/day)
Charcoal Production ('000 MT)
Fuelwood Production (Coniferous) ('000 m3)
(Non-coniferous) ('000 m3)
Traditional Fuel Use (% total energy use)
CO2 Emissions - Total ('000 MT)
Per Capita (MT)
Kg per 2000 $ of GDP
Electricity Production (Billion kwh)
Annual Freshwater Withdrawals (m3)
Per Capita Cubic Meters (Internal)
Annual Internal Renew. Water Resources (m3)

TCHAD

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement

RUBRIQUE

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

180
2.8
...
...
...
50.5
...
...
...
...
...
40.7
- 2.3
30.0
1.8
12.0
...
29 797.0
1 903.7
59.9
58.6
262.0
...
27.6
...
212.7
47.8
17.0

410
1.9
...
...
...
56.9
...
...
...
...
...
20.9
40.3
...
3.4
23.8
40.0
63 272.0
1 991.9
60.7
55.6
315.0
38.0
...
...
213.7
46.9
17.2

460
2.6
...
...
...
56.2
...
...
...
...
...
21.2
14.4
...
...
...
...
61 240.0
...
...
...
307.0
...
...
...
212.7
46.5
17.1

510
...
...
0.392
175
...
...
...
...
...
...
21.0
3.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
299.0
...
...
...
211.4
46.1
16.9

530
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
18.6
0.6
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
209.7
45.7
16.7

...
RNB par habitant ($EU)
...
Dépenses publiques de santé en % du PIB
...
d'éducation en % du RNB
...
Valeur de l'Indice de dév. humain (de 0 à 1)
...
Rang (sur 182)
...
Valeur de l'Indice de pauvreté (IPH-1) (%)
...
Pop. sous le seuil national de pauvreté (%)
...
sous le seuil inter. de pauvreté (2$/J) (%)
... Revenu des ménages aux dépenses aliment. (%)
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus riches
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus pauvres
...
Part de l'agriculture dans PIB (%)
...
Croissance de la valeur ajoutée agricole (%)
...
Accès aux soins de santé (%)
...
Médécins pour 100000 habitants
...
Infirmières pour 100000 habitants
...
Lits d'hopitaux pour 100000 habitants
...
Aide alimentaire en céréales ('000 TM)
...
Apport journalier en calories par habitant
...
Apport journalier en protéines par habt (gr)
...
Apport journalier en lipides par habit. (gr)
...
Incidence de tuberculose (pour 100000)
...
Prévalence de la malnutrition (% de pop.)
...
Insuffisance pondérale des < 5 ans (%)
... Insuffisance pondérale néonatale (% des naiss.)
207.6
Taux de mortalité des < 5 ans (pour 1000)
45.3
Taux brut de natalité (pour 1000)
16.5
Taux brut de mortalité (pour
(p
1000))

125 920.0
2.80
0.02
0.02
35.74
51.66
12 317.0
0.6
...
...
...
34.0
30.0
46.0
7.0
21.0
...
...
311.0
...
5 885.2

190.4
0.02
0.14
0.09
...
...
...

125 920.0
3.34
0.02
0.02
35.74
51.44
11 921.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
355.1
...
6 487.6

207.6
0.02
0.08
0.10
...
...
...

125 920.0
3.41
0.02
0.02
35.74
51.42
11 841.8
...
...
...
...
48.0
40.0
71.0
9.0
23.0
...
...
364.1
...
6 599.7

225.5
0.02
0.08
0.10
...
...
...

125 920.0
3.41
0.02
0.02
35.74
51.48
11 762.6
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
373.3
...
6 713.8

244.0
0.02
0.09
...
...
1 645.3
15.0

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
382.8
...
6 830.3

244.0
0.02
0.09
...
...
...
...

PAUVRETE
RNB par habitant ($ EU)
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
1970

1980

1990

2001

2003

2005

2007

RNB par Habitant

Apport journalier en calories
par habitant
2500
2000

.
1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

ENVIRONNEMENT
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Superficie des terres ('000 ha)
Terres arables (% sup des terres)
Terres cultivables (% sup. des terres)
Terres irriguées (% sup. des terres)
Prairies & pâturages permanents (% de terres)
Autres terres (en % des superf. des terres)
Superficie totale des forêts ('000 ha)
Taux annuel de déforestation (%)
Taux annuel de reboisement (%)
Etendue des forêts naturelles ('000 ha)
2

Zones nationales protégées ('000 Km )
Accès à l'eau potable (% de la pop. totale)
Rural (% de la pop. totale)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Accès aux services d'assainis. (% de la pop.)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Energie consommée par habitant ('000 TM)
Emissions de polluants d'eau organiques (kg/j)
Production du charbon ('000 TM)
3

Prod. de bois de chauffe (Conifères) ('000 m )
3
(Non conifères) ('000 m )
Combustibles tradit. utilisés (% d'énergie tot.)
Emissions totales du CO2 ('000 TM)
Par habitant (TM)
Kg par PIB en $ de 2000
Production d'électricité (en md de Kwh)
Prélèvements annuels d'eau douce (m3)
mètre cube par habitant (intérieure)

Accès à l'eau potable
(% de la pop. totale)
100
90
80
70

.

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Prod. de bois de chauffe (non conifères)
(millions de m3)
10000
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

3

Ressources d'eau intér. renouvelables (m /an)

105

COMOROS

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

238.0
119.2
54.0
51.1
9.5
4.0
118.8
55.1
51.4
8.5
3.1



2.88
99.7
95.5
92.7
5.1
...
...
...
...
7.1
...
134.3
115.5
150.4
47.7
49.5
46.0
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
33.1
20.8
45.4
3.1
1.6
5.0
...
...
...
...
...
11.4
31.7
...
...
...
...
...

270.4
135.4
61.5
58.3
10.7
4.7
135.0
62.7
58.8
9.5
3.6
3.17
3.17
3.17
3.11
99.7
96.1
95.8
5.0
...
...
...
...
7.1
...
121.6
108.4
133.0
50.0
52.1
48.0
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
64.1
38.9
89.9
12.8
7.2
18.6
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

328.8
164.5
75.8
70.7
12.6
5.7
164.3
77.1
71.5
11.4
4.5
3.81
3.79
3.82
3.40
99.8
98.4
96.7
4.9
...
...
...
...
7.1
500.0
110.9
98.6
121.1
52.0
54.0
50.0
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
52.1
59.7
44.0
86.4
72.2
100.3
22.4
15.0
29.6
...
...
...
...
...
7.4
20.3
151.0
43.0
80.8
40.4
40.4

385.7
192.8
90.7
82.1
14.4
6.6
192.9
92.4
83.2
13.1
5.1
2.87
2.85
2.88
3.13
100.0
102.1
97.3
4.9
...
...
...
...
6.6
...
100.7
89.0
109.7
53.9
55.9
51.9
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
81.9
70.4
93.1
28.2
23.0
34.0
...
...
...
61.1
...
20.7
...
179.0
43.0
79.3
39.7
39.7

437.8
218.7
100.2
96.6
16.5
7.5
219.1
102.2
97.7
15.2
5.7
2.43
2.42
2.45
2.59
100.2
97.0
92.9
4.8
...
...
...
...
5.5
...
87.9
75.1
97.4
56.4
58.4
54.5
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
75.1
63.1
86.9
17.5
14.4
21.3
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
211.0
43.1
77.3
38.9
38.4

493.5
246.3
106.0
115.9
19.3
8.4
247.2
108.6
117.2
17.8
6.5
2.33
2.31
2.35
2.47
100.4
86.9
86.4
4.8
...
...
...
...
4.7
...
73.8
59.7
86.0
59.4
61.4
57.4
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
74.8
71.0
79.9
21.1
19.6
23.9
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
250.0
42.8
75.6
38.0
37.2

GENDER
Dependency Ratio (per 100)
100
80
60
40
20
0
1970

1985

1995

Total

2006

2007

2008

Age 0-14

2009

Age 65+

Maternal Mortality Rates
(per 100,000)
800
700
600

.

500
400
300
200
100
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Primary School
Enrolment (Gross)
(%)

Ratio
100.0

90

80.0
60

60.0
40.0

30

20.0
0.0

0

2005-08

2004

2000

1995

1985

1970

Male

Female

F/M

Economically active population
(per cent)
60
50
40
30
Male

20

Female

10
0
2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2000

1995

1985

1970

106

Total Population ('000)
Female Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Male Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Population Growth Rate -Total (%)
Female
Male
Rate of Natural Increase (%)
Sex Ratio (per 100 females)
Dependency Ratio - Total (%)
Age 0-14
Age 65+
Singulate Mean Age at Marriage (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (%)
Total Fertility Rate (per woman)
Maternal Mortality Rate (per 100,000)
Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Female (per 1,000)
, )
Male (p
(per 1,000)
Life Expectancy at Birth - Total (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Gender Ratio F/M
Average Size of Households-Overall
Urban
Rural
Households Headed by Women - Total (%)
Urban (%)
Rural (%)
Adult Illiteracy Rate - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Secondary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
School Life Expectancy - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Net ) (%)
Female (%)
Female School Teachers - Primary (%)
Secondary (%)
Economically active population ('000)
Female (as % of total)
Econ. active pop. in agric. (as % of Total)
Female (%)
Male (%)

COMORES

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement
2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

552.0
275.3
108.2
140.3
22.8
9.4
276.7
111.2
141.7
21.1
7.3
2.21
2.19
2.22
2.50
100.5
74.8
79.2
4.8
...
...
...
25.7
4.3
517.0
62.5
47.6
75.9
61.8
63.9
59.8
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
111.5
102.4
120.3
29.0
26.1
31.9
6.9
6.3
7.5
72.9
66.9
25.7
...
290.0
43.1
73.4
37.6
36.2

616.5
307.2
116.6
159.2
26.3
10.6
309.2
120.0
160.8
24.7
8.4
2.26
2.24
2.27
2.60
100.7
70.8
75.8
4.8
...
...
...
...
4.1
400.0
52.9
38.1
66.2
64.1
66.3
62.0
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
26.7
32.2
21.1
121.5
113.7
129.1
45.8
39.3
52.1
7.9
7.2
8.6
...
...
32.9
13.0
335.0
43.3
71.3
36.7
34.6

630.8
314.3
119.0
162.8
27.2
10.8
316.4
122.5
164.4
25.5
8.6
2.29
2.28
2.30
2.60
100.7
70.5
75.2
4.8
...
...
...
...
4.1
...
51.1
36.3
64.3
64.5
66.7
62.4
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
25.8
31.2
20.4
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
344.0
43.3
71.2
36.6
34.6

645.6
321.7
121.6
166.3
28.0
11.1
323.9
125.2
168.0
26.5
8.8
2.32
2.31
2.33
2.59
100.7
70.4
74.6
4.7
...
...
...
...
4.0
...
49.3
34.5
62.4
64.9
67.2
62.8
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
24.9
30.2
19.7
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
354.0
43.5
70.9
36.4
34.2

660.7
329.2
124.3
169.8
29.0
11.3
331.5
128.0
171.5
27.4
9.0
2.32
2.31
2.33
2.57
100.7
70.3
73.9
4.7
...
...
...
...
4.0
...
47.5
33.0
60.6
65.4
67.6
63.2
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
365.0
43.6
70.4
36.4
34.0

676.0
336.8
127.0
173.3
30.0
11.6
339.2
130.9
175.1
28.5
9.2
2.29
2.28
2.30
2.54
100.7
70.1
73.1
4.8
...
...
...
...
3.9
...
45.8
31.5
58.8
65.8
68.1
63.6
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
376.0
43.6
69.9
36.2
33.5

RUBRIQUE

GENRE
Population totale ('000)
Population féminine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Population masculine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Taux de croissance de la pop. -Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux d'accroissement naturel (%)
Rapport de masculinité (pour 100 femmes)
Taux de dépendence - Total (%)
0-14 ans
65+ ans
Age moyen au mariage (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Taux de prévalence contraceptive (%)
Indice synthétique de fécondité (par femme)
Taux de mortalité maternelle (pour 100000)
Taux de mortalité infantile (pour 1000)
Femme (pour 1000)
Homme (p
(pour 1000)
Espérance de vie à la naissance - Totale (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Ratio de genre F/H
Taille moyenne des ménages - Ensemble
Urbain
Rural
Femmes chefs de ménages - Total (%)
Urbain (%)
Rural (%)
Taux d'analphabétisme des adultes - Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au secondaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Espérance de vie scolaire - Totale (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux net de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Personnel enseignant féminin - primaire (%)
secondaire (%)
Population active totale ('000)
Femme (en % de la pop. tot.)
Participation de la pop. active agricole (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)

Taux de dépendance (pour 100)
2009
2008
2007
2006
1995
1985
1970

0

20
65+ ans

40

60

0-14 ans

80

100

Total

Taux de mortalité maternelle
(pour 100000)
800
700
600
.

500
400
300
200
100
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Taux bruts de scolarisation au primaire
Ratio

(%)

100.0

70
60

80.0

50
40

60.0

30

40.0

20
20.0

10

0.0

0
1970 1985 1995 2000 2004 200508
Total

Filles

F/G

Participation de la
population active (%)

Hommes
Femmes

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1970

1995

2003

2005

2007

2009

107

COMOROS

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970-74

1975-79

1980-84

1985-89

1990-94

1995

...
...
3.9
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
55.4
202.8
800.0
1 905.7
36.1
39.8
...
44.0
...
...
...
47.1
16.5

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
44.5
...
2 600.0
1 818.0
39.0
36.2
...
...
...
...
...
48.8
15.3

353
...
5.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
38.2
4.2
...
8.4
38.0
...
5 407.0
1 785.9
40.0
36.4
...
54.0
...
...
148.2
46.1
13.7

615
...
6.5
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
40.9
2.8
82.4
16.3
...
256.9
2 365.0
1 870.4
43.7
38.6
...
...
...
12.7
129.2
37.9
11.4

604
3.2
3.9
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
40.6
3.0
...
10.6
29.4
229.8
5 764.0
1 846.1
44.8
36.2
72.0
47.0
18.5
...
106.5
34.2
9.5

597
3.2
3.9
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
40.9
1.0
...
...
...
...
20.0
1 843.1
43.0
44.2
69.0
...
...
18.4
102.4
33.9
9.2

...
...
...
...
...
24.77
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
22.30
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

186.1
40.30
16.12
...
8.06
22.51
...
...
...
...
...
58.1
52.0
99.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

42.0
0.11
0.25
0.01
...
2 891.6
1.2

186.1
41.91
18.81
...
8.06
22.73
...
...
...
...
...
63.2
...
...
...
90.0
...
...
...
...
...

53.5
0.13
0.30
0.02
...
2 484.5
1.2

186.1
41.91
21.49
...
8.06
22.94
10.4
...
...
...
...
48.0
91.0
98.0
18.0
34.0
...
...
...
...
...

70.7
0.15
0.39
0.02
...
2 150.5
1.2

186.1
41.91
22.57
...
8.06
22.08
10.0
...
...
...
...
90.0
88.0
96.0
23.0
36.0
...
...
...
...
...

83.2
0.17
0.44
0.02
...
...
...

POVERTY
Per Capita GNI (US $)
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
2007

2005

2003

2001

1990

1980

1970

Daily per Capita Calorie Supply

2500
2000

.

1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

GNI Per Capita (US$)
Public Expenditure - on Health (as % of GDP)
on Education (as % of GNI)
Human Development Index Value (0 to 1)
Rank (out of 182)
Human Poverty Index (HPI-1) Value (%)
Population Below National Poverty Line (%)
Below Inter. Poverty Line ( $2 /day) (%)
Household Income Spent on Food (%)
Share of Income Held by Richest 10%
Share of Income Held by Poorest 10%
Share of Agriculture in Total GDP (%)
Growth of Value Added in Agriculture (%)
Access to Health Care (%)
Physician per 100,000 People
Nurse per 100,000 People
Hospital Beds per 100,000 People
Food Aid in Cereals ('000 MT)
Daily per Capita Calorie Supply
Daily per Capita Protein Supply (grams)
Daily per Capita Fat Supply (grams)
Incidence of Tuberculosis (per 100000 inhab.)
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of pop.)
Underweight Children Under Age 5 (%)
Low Birthweight Babies (% of births)
Under Five Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Birth Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Death Rate (p
(per 1,000)
, )

ENVIRONMENT
Land Area ('000 ha)
Arable Land (as % of land area)
Permanent Crops Use (as % land area)
Irrigated Land (% of land area)
Permanent Pasture Use (as % of land area)
Other Land Use (as % of land area)
Total Forest Area ('000 ha)
Annual Rate of Deforestation (%)
Annual Rate of Reforestation (%)
Natural Forest Cover ('000 ha)

Access to Safe Water
(% of total population)
100
90
80

.

70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Fuelwood Production Trends (Non-coniferous) ,
(Mn m3)
10,000
9,000
8,000
7,000
6,000
5,000
4,000
3,000
2,000
1,000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

108

Nationally Protected Areas ('000 Km2)
Access to Safe Water (% of total population)
% Rural
% Urban
Access to Sanitation (% of population)
% Urban
Energy Consumption per Capita ('000 MT)
Emissions of Organic Water Pollutants (kg/day)
Charcoal Production ('000 MT)
Fuelwood Production (Coniferous) ('000 m3)
(Non-coniferous) ('000 m3)
Traditional Fuel Use (% total energy use)
CO2 Emissions - Total ('000 MT)
Per Capita (MT)
Kg per 2000 $ of GDP
Electricity Production (Billion kwh)
Annual Freshwater Withdrawals (m3)
Per Capita Cubic Meters (Internal)
Annual Internal Renew. Water Resources (m3)

COMORES

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement
2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

400
1.5
...
...
...
31.9
...
...
...
...
...
40.9
- 3.5
...
9.0
34.2
...
...
1 751.5
42.4
39.6
56.0
...
25.4
...
84.8
33.1
8.1

650
1.7
...
...
...
31.3
...
...
...
...
...
41.2
1.3
...
14.8
75.9
...
...
1 819.3
43.5
45.0
46.0
51.0
...
...
69.7
33.2
7.2

670
1.8
...
...
...
21.2
...
...
...
...
...
41.0
2.5
...
...
...
220.0
...
...
...
...
44.0
...
...
...
66.8
33.0
7.0

690
...
...
0.576
139
...
...
...
...
...
...
40.8
4.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
42.0
...
...
...
64.0
32.8
6.9

750
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
39.1
- 6.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
61.3
32.4
6.7

186.1
42.99
26.87
...
8.06
17.79
8.0
4.0
...
...
...
88.0
85.0
93.0
29.0
42.0
...
...
...
...
...

96.4
0.17
0.48
0.02
...
...
...

186.0
43.01
28.49
...
8.06
17.47
5.5
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

112.3
0.18
0.49
0.02
...
...
...

186.0
43.01
29.57
...
8.06
16.72
4.9
...
...
...
...
85.0
81.0
91.0
35.0
49.0
...
...
...
...
...

114.5
0.18
0.49
0.02
...
...
...

186.0
43.01
29.57
...
8.06
16.99
4.4
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
36.4
...
...

119.6
0.19
0.51
...
...
1 477.8
1.2

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
37.5
...
...

119.6
0.18
0.51
...
...
...
...

2009

RUBRIQUE

PAUVRETE
...
RNB par habitant ($EU)
...
Dépenses publiques de santé en % du PIB
...
d'éducation en % du RNB
...
Valeur de l'Indice de dév. humain (de 0 à 1)
...
Rang (sur 182)
...
Valeur de l'Indice de pauvreté (IPH-1) (%)
...
Pop. sous le seuil national de pauvreté (%)
...
sous le seuil inter. de pauvreté (2$/J) (%)
... Revenu des ménages aux dépenses aliment. (%)
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus riches
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus pauvres
...
Part de l'agriculture dans PIB (%)
...
Croissance de la valeur ajoutée agricole (%)
...
Accès aux soins de santé (%)
...
Médécins pour 100000 habitants
...
Infirmières pour 100000 habitants
...
Lits d'hopitaux pour 100000 habitants
...
Aide alimentaire en céréales ('000 TM)
...
Apport journalier en calories par habitant
...
Apport journalier en protéines par habt (gr)
...
Apport journalier en lipides par habit. (gr)
...
Incidence de tuberculose (pour 100000)
...
Prévalence de la malnutrition (% de pop.)
...
Insuffisance pondérale des < 5 ans (%)
... Insuffisance pondérale néonatale (% des naiss.)
58.6
Taux de mortalité des < 5 ans (pour 1000)
31.9
Taux brut de natalité (pour 1000)
6.5
Taux brut de mortalité (pour
(p
1000))

RNB par habitant ($ EU)
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
1970

1980

1990

2001

2003

2005

2007

RNB par Habitant

Apport journalier en calories
par habitant
2500
2000

.
1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

ENVIRONNEMENT
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Superficie des terres ('000 ha)
Terres arables (% sup des terres)
Terres cultivables (% sup. des terres)
Terres irriguées (% sup. des terres)
Prairies & pâturages permanents (% de terres)
Autres terres (en % des superf. des terres)
Superficie totale des forêts ('000 ha)
Taux annuel de déforestation (%)
Taux annuel de reboisement (%)
Etendue des forêts naturelles ('000 ha)
2

Zones nationales protégées ('000 Km )
Accès à l'eau potable (% de la pop. totale)
Rural (% de la pop. totale)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Accès aux services d'assainis. (% de la pop.)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Energie consommée par habitant ('000 TM)
Emissions de polluants d'eau organiques (kg/j)
Production du charbon ('000 TM)
3

Prod. de bois de chauffe (Conifères) ('000 m )
3
(Non conifères) ('000 m )
Combustibles tradit. utilisés (% d'énergie tot.)
Emissions totales du CO2 ('000 TM)
Par habitant (TM)
Kg par PIB en $ de 2000
Production d'électricité (en md de Kwh)
Prélèvements annuels d'eau douce (m3)
mètre cube par habitant (intérieure)

Accès à l'eau potable
(% de la pop. totale)
100
90
80
70

.

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Prod. de bois de chauffe (non conifères)
(millions de m3)
10000
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

3

Ressources d'eau intér. renouvelables (m /an)

109

CONGO

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

1 332.8
672.5
289.0
299.4
55.3
27.6
660.3
292.1
293.7
48.7
22.5
3.78


2.95
98.2
90.0
82.5
6.4
...
...
...
...
6.3
...
88.2
80.9
121.5
54.4
56.1
52.8
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
121.0
104.6
138.1
18.6
10.9
27.0
...
...
...
...
...
15.1
...
...
...
...
...
...

1 550.9
781.4
343.1
342.4
62.3
32.1
769.5
347.1
337.2
55.2
26.5
3.09
3.06
3.12
3.10
98.5
93.4
86.6
6.4
...
...
...
...
6.3
...
75.2
82.2
103.3
57.3
59.0
55.7
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
135.8
124.5
166.0
47.6
33.7
62.2
...
...
...
101.0
94.5
17.4
...
...
...
...
...
...

1 814.8
913.0
406.0
397.5
70.0
37.5
901.8
411.3
392.6
62.6
31.1
3.14
3.11
3.17
3.12
98.8
95.4
88.6
6.4
...
...
...
...
6.2
650.0
65.5
77.7
98.3
59.6
61.2
58.0
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
141.2
134.3
148.1
74.1
60.0
88.8
...
...
...
95.9
93.0
25.0
...
700.0
40.3
57.3
32.4
24.9

2 116.7
1 063.5
471.2
467.3
78.7
43.6
1 053.2
478.1
462.9
71.1
36.5
3.02
3.00
3.05
2.98
99.0
94.7
87.4
6.2
...
...
...
...
5.8
...
63.2
73.9
93.0
60.4
62.2
58.7
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
147.4
141.1
153.8
75.4
64.0
85.9
...
...
...
...
...
29.8
...
820.0
41.2
52.8
30.9
22.0

2 446.5
1 228.4
533.7
552.6
88.7
50.1
1 218.1
542.0
548.3
80.7
42.2
2.82
2.81
2.82
2.79
99.2
91.4
84.0
6.1
...
...
...
...
5.4
...
64.5
64.1
92.5
59.3
61.2
57.4
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
132.5
124.3
140.9
52.9
43.0
61.9
...
...
...
...
...
32.4
...
954.0
41.1
48.0
28.3
19.6

2 782.4
1 397.0
593.3
643.3
101.1
57.2
1 385.4
602.6
638.7
91.4
48.3
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.51
99.2
87.9
80.1
5.9
...
...
...
...
5.0
...
68.5
58.3
93.9
56.1
58.0
54.3
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
114.3
108.8
119.9
53.3
45.0
61.8
...
...
...
...
...
36.3
...
1 099.0
42.1
44.4
26.7
17.7

GENDER
Dependency Ratio (per 100)
100
80
60
40
20
0
1970

1985

1995

Total

2006

2007

2008

Age 0-14

2009

Age 65+

Maternal Mortality Rates
(per 100,000)
800
700
600

.

500
400
300
200
100
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Primary School
Enrolment (Gross)
(%)

Ratio
100.0

90

80.0
60

60.0
40.0

30

20.0
0.0

0

2005-08

2004

2000

1995

1985

1970

Male

Female

F/M

Economically active population
(per cent)
60
50
40
30
Male

20

Female

10
0
2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2000

1995

1985

1970

110

Total Population ('000)
Female Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Male Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Population Growth Rate -Total (%)
Female
Male
Rate of Natural Increase (%)
Sex Ratio (per 100 females)
Dependency Ratio - Total (%)
Age 0-14
Age 65+
Singulate Mean Age at Marriage (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (%)
Total Fertility Rate (per woman)
Maternal Mortality Rate (per 100,000)
Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Female (per 1,000)
, )
Male (p
(per 1,000)
Life Expectancy at Birth - Total (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Gender Ratio F/M
Average Size of Households-Overall
Urban
Rural
Households Headed by Women - Total (%)
Urban (%)
Rural (%)
Adult Illiteracy Rate - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Secondary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
School Life Expectancy - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Net ) (%)
Female (%)
Female School Teachers - Primary (%)
Secondary (%)
Economically active population ('000)
Female (as % of total)
Econ. active pop. in agric. (as % of Total)
Female (%)
Male (%)

CONGO

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement
2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

3 035.5
1 523.8
639.4
707.2
116.2
63.9
1 511.7
649.6
705.5
103.2
53.7
1.92
1.91
1.93
2.34
99.2
86.4
76.8
5.9
...
...
...
...
4.8
510.0
74.5
57.0
94.1
53.6
55.0
52.2
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
85.0
81.8
88.1
35.0
28.9
41.0
7.8
7.1
8.5
...
...
36.5
...
1 213.0
41.1
40.1
23.5
16.5

3 416.7
1 713.1
698.6
817.1
130.7
71.1
1 703.6
709.5
821.7
113.7
59.7
2.24
2.21
2.26
2.28
99.4
82.0
76.4
5.8
...
21.9
25.8
44.3
4.6
781.0
78.5
56.5
88.0
53.3
54.3
52.2
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
14.8
20.4
9.0
113.8
109.9
117.7
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
44.5
14.4
1 372.0
40.9
35.9
20.8
15.2

3 486.1
1 747.4
709.4
836.8
133.6
72.5
1 738.6
720.5
842.9
116.1
60.8
2.01
1.98
2.04
2.24
99.5
81.3
76.3
5.6
...
...
...
...
4.5
...
78.9
56.6
86.0
53.4
54.3
52.3
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
14.0
19.3
8.4
115.9
110.3
121.4
...
...
...
...
...
...
58.9
56.0
47.1
...
1 402.0
41.0
35.2
20.3
14.9

3 551.1
1 779.5
719.6
854.9
136.6
73.9
1 771.6
730.9
862.8
118.5
61.8
1.85
1.82
1.88
2.21
99.6
80.7
76.1
5.5
...
...
...
...
4.5
...
79.2
56.7
84.0
53.5
54.4
52.5
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
13.2
18.3
7.9
114.9
111.0
118.6
...
...
...
...
...
...
77.3
75.3
44.3
...
1 429.0
40.7
34.4
19.7
14.7

3 615.2
1 811.1
729.5
873.0
139.6
75.2
1 804.0
740.8
882.5
121.2
62.8
1.79
1.76
1.82
2.16
99.6
80.1
75.8
5.5
...
...
...
...
4.4
...
79.4
56.1
82.0
53.6
54.5
52.6
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
114.0
110.1
117.7
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
46.5
...
1 457.0
40.7
33.6
19.1
14.4

3 683.2
1 844.7
739.4
892.8
142.8
76.7
1 838.5
750.8
903.9
124.1
63.8
1.86
1.84
1.89
2.12
99.7
79.5
75.4
5.6
...
...
...
...
4.3
...
79.3
55.6
80.1
53.7
54.7
52.8
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1 488.0
40.7
32.7
18.6
14.2

RUBRIQUE

GENRE
Population totale ('000)
Population féminine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Population masculine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Taux de croissance de la pop. -Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux d'accroissement naturel (%)
Rapport de masculinité (pour 100 femmes)
Taux de dépendence - Total (%)
0-14 ans
65+ ans
Age moyen au mariage (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Taux de prévalence contraceptive (%)
Indice synthétique de fécondité (par femme)
Taux de mortalité maternelle (pour 100000)
Taux de mortalité infantile (pour 1000)
Femme (pour 1000)
Homme (p
(pour 1000)
Espérance de vie à la naissance - Totale (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Ratio de genre F/H
Taille moyenne des ménages - Ensemble
Urbain
Rural
Femmes chefs de ménages - Total (%)
Urbain (%)
Rural (%)
Taux d'analphabétisme des adultes - Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au secondaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Espérance de vie scolaire - Totale (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux net de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Personnel enseignant féminin - primaire (%)
secondaire (%)
Population active totale ('000)
Femme (en % de la pop. tot.)
Participation de la pop. active agricole (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)

Taux de dépendance (pour 100)
2009
2008
2007
2006
1995
1985
1970

0

20

40

65+ ans

60

0-14 ans

80

100

Total

Taux de mortalité maternelle
(pour 100000)
800
700
600
.

500
400
300
200
100
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Taux bruts de scolarisation au primaire
Ratio

(%)

100.0

70
60

80.0

50
40

60.0

30

40.0

20
20.0

10

0.0

0
1970 1985 1995 2000 2004 200508
Total

Filles

F/G

Participation de la
population active (%)

Hommes
Femmes

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1970

1995

2003

2005

2007

2009

111

CONGO

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970-74

1975-79

1980-84

1985-89

1990-94

1995

...
...
6.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
10.1
116.0
438.7
2 100.0
1 925.5
34.0
39.3
...
47.0
...
...
...
42.9
12.2

...
...
8.1
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
17.4
113.0
...
4 200.0
2 013.0
38.3
42.7
...
...
32.2
...
...
42.1
10.8

1 030
...
4.9
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
7.3
4.5
...
11.9
155.3
...
498.0
2 119.0
44.2
52.3
...
41.0
...
15.0
101.2
40.1
10.0

892
...
6.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
15.1
3.8
...
25.2
...
...
7 408.0
2 078.0
41.9
47.5
...
...
23.9
...
101.9
38.4
10.1

631
1.8
7.5
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
10.6
6.7
...
25.7
67.1
311.6
12 190.0
1 951.3
42.1
49.7
229.0
54.0
15.0
16.0
108.2
37.0
11.3

399
2.3
6.1
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
10.9
4.5
...
26.4
194.5
...
9 348.0
1 939.8
40.1
44.7
245.0
...
...
...
110.1
36.7
11.6

...
...
...
...
...
2.64
...
...
...
...
...
27.0
6.0
63.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
2.69
...
...
...
...
...
38.0
9.0
81.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

34 150.0
1.53
0.12
0.00
29.28
2.73
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
17.0
...
...
1.5
...
883.5

614.0
0.30
0.21
0.25
...
115 504.7
222.0

34 150.0
1.47
0.12
0.00
29.28
2.77
...
...
...
...
...
33.0
7.0
42.0
40.0
86.0
...
...
2.6
...
960.3

903.5
0.38
0.33
0.40
0.0
98 273.6
222.0

34 150.0
1.39
0.13
0.01
29.28
2.85
22 658.3
...
...
...
...
59.6
8.0
50.0
9.4
15.0
0.4
...
1.5
...
1 036.5

3 122.8
1.15
1.12
0.37
...
83 395.9
222.0

34 150.0
1.39
0.13
0.01
29.28
2.90
22 641.3
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1.7
...
1 069.0

3 104.2
1.12
1.08
0.33
...
...
...

POVERTY
Per Capita GNI (US $)
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
2007

2005

2003

2001

1990

1980

1970

Daily per Capita Calorie Supply

2500
2000

.

1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

GNI Per Capita (US$)
Public Expenditure - on Health (as % of GDP)
on Education (as % of GNI)
Human Development Index Value (0 to 1)
Rank (out of 182)
Human Poverty Index (HPI-1) Value (%)
Population Below National Poverty Line (%)
Below Inter. Poverty Line ( $2 /day) (%)
Household Income Spent on Food (%)
Share of Income Held by Richest 10%
Share of Income Held by Poorest 10%
Share of Agriculture in Total GDP (%)
Growth of Value Added in Agriculture (%)
Access to Health Care (%)
Physician per 100,000 People
Nurse per 100,000 People
Hospital Beds per 100,000 People
Food Aid in Cereals ('000 MT)
Daily per Capita Calorie Supply
Daily per Capita Protein Supply (grams)
Daily per Capita Fat Supply (grams)
Incidence of Tuberculosis (per 100000 inhab.)
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of pop.)
Underweight Children Under Age 5 (%)
Low Birthweight Babies (% of births)
Under Five Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Birth Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Death Rate (p
(per 1,000)
, )

ENVIRONMENT
Land Area ('000 ha)
Arable Land (as % of land area)
Permanent Crops Use (as % land area)
Irrigated Land (% of land area)
Permanent Pasture Use (as % of land area)
Other Land Use (as % of land area)
Total Forest Area ('000 ha)
Annual Rate of Deforestation (%)
Annual Rate of Reforestation (%)
Natural Forest Cover ('000 ha)

Access to Safe Water
(% of total population)
100
90
80

.

70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Fuelwood Production Trends (Non-coniferous) ,
(Mn m3)
10,000
9,000
8,000
7,000
6,000
5,000
4,000
3,000
2,000
1,000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

112

Nationally Protected Areas ('000 Km2)
Access to Safe Water (% of total population)
% Rural
% Urban
Access to Sanitation (% of population)
% Urban
Energy Consumption per Capita ('000 MT)
Emissions of Organic Water Pollutants (kg/day)
Charcoal Production ('000 MT)
Fuelwood Production (Coniferous) ('000 m3)
(Non-coniferous) ('000 m3)
Traditional Fuel Use (% total energy use)
CO2 Emissions - Total ('000 MT)
Per Capita (MT)
Kg per 2000 $ of GDP
Electricity Production (Billion kwh)
Annual Freshwater Withdrawals (m3)
Per Capita Cubic Meters (Internal)
Annual Internal Renew. Water Resources (m3)

CONGO

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement

RUBRIQUE

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

580
1.5
4.6
...
...
30.0
...
...
...
...
...
5.3
4.4
83.0
16.9
44.9
...
22 177.0
2 170.0
43.3
53.2
353.0
...
...
...
120.0
36.2
12.8

1 110
1.4
...
...
...
26.2
...
74.4
...
37.1
2.1
4.5
0.4
...
21.6
100.9
...
4 494.0
2 351.5
50.0
60.1
425.0
21.0
14.4
...
127.1
35.8
13.0

1 440
1.5
...
...
...
23.7
...
...
...
...
...
3.9
6.8
...
...
118.9
...
4 689.0
...
...
...
414.0
...
...
...
127.9
35.5
13.0

1 510
...
...
0.389
176
...
...
...
...
...
...
4.6
12.8
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
403.0
...
...
...
128.4
35.0
12.9

1 970
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
3.1
- 5.6
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
128.6
34.5
12.9

...
RNB par habitant ($EU)
...
Dépenses publiques de santé en % du PIB
...
d'éducation en % du RNB
...
Valeur de l'Indice de dév. humain (de 0 à 1)
...
Rang (sur 182)
...
Valeur de l'Indice de pauvreté (IPH-1) (%)
...
Pop. sous le seuil national de pauvreté (%)
...
sous le seuil inter. de pauvreté (2$/J) (%)
... Revenu des ménages aux dépenses aliment. (%)
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus riches
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus pauvres
...
Part de l'agriculture dans PIB (%)
...
Croissance de la valeur ajoutée agricole (%)
...
Accès aux soins de santé (%)
...
Médécins pour 100000 habitants
...
Infirmières pour 100000 habitants
...
Lits d'hopitaux pour 100000 habitants
...
Aide alimentaire en céréales ('000 TM)
...
Apport journalier en calories par habitant
...
Apport journalier en protéines par habt (gr)
...
Apport journalier en lipides par habit. (gr)
...
Incidence de tuberculose (pour 100000)
...
Prévalence de la malnutrition (% de pop.)
...
Insuffisance pondérale des < 5 ans (%)
... Insuffisance pondérale néonatale (% des naiss.)
128.6
Taux de mortalité des < 5 ans (pour 1000)
34.0
Taux brut de natalité (pour 1000)
12.8
Taux brut de mortalité (pour
(p
1000))

34 150.0
1.43
0.15
0.01
29.28
3.09
22 556.3
0.1
...
...
...
70.0
35.0
95.0
20.0
19.0
0.2
...
1.0
...
1 153.1

3 014.4
0.99
0.94
0.30
...
...
...

34 150.0
1.45
0.15
0.01
29.28
3.32
22 471.3
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
3.2
...
1 369.0

5 398.7
1.58
1.37
0.43
...
...
...

34 150.0
1.45
0.15
0.01
29.28
3.37
22 454.3
...
...
...
...
71.0
35.0
95.0
20.0
19.0
...
...
3.3
...
1 255.8

5 556.4
1.59
1.33
0.45
...
...
...

34 150.0
1.45
0.15
0.01
29.28
3.42
22 437.3
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
3.5
...
1 275.3

5 596.3
1.58
1.36
...
...
56 618.2
222.0

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
3.6
...
1 295.1

5 610.9
1.55
1.27
...
...
...
...

PAUVRETE
RNB par habitant ($ EU)
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
1970

1980

1990

2001

2003

2005

2007

RNB par Habitant

Apport journalier en calories
par habitant
2500
2000

.
1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

ENVIRONNEMENT
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Superficie des terres ('000 ha)
Terres arables (% sup des terres)
Terres cultivables (% sup. des terres)
Terres irriguées (% sup. des terres)
Prairies & pâturages permanents (% de terres)
Autres terres (en % des superf. des terres)
Superficie totale des forêts ('000 ha)
Taux annuel de déforestation (%)
Taux annuel de reboisement (%)
Etendue des forêts naturelles ('000 ha)
2

Zones nationales protégées ('000 Km )
Accès à l'eau potable (% de la pop. totale)
Rural (% de la pop. totale)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Accès aux services d'assainis. (% de la pop.)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Energie consommée par habitant ('000 TM)
Emissions de polluants d'eau organiques (kg/j)
Production du charbon ('000 TM)
3

Prod. de bois de chauffe (Conifères) ('000 m )
3
(Non conifères) ('000 m )
Combustibles tradit. utilisés (% d'énergie tot.)
Emissions totales du CO2 ('000 TM)
Par habitant (TM)
Kg par PIB en $ de 2000
Production d'électricité (en md de Kwh)
Prélèvements annuels d'eau douce (m3)
mètre cube par habitant (intérieure)

Accès à l'eau potable
(% de la pop. totale)
100
90
80
70

.

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Prod. de bois de chauffe (non conifères)
(millions de m3)
10000
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

3

Ressources d'eau intér. renouvelables (m /an)

113

CONGO (DRC)

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

20 285.4
10 469.1
4 510.4
4 809.6
805.7
345.8
9 816.4
4 498.3
4 469.7
626.1
224.8



2.69
93.8
89.5
86.5
5.4
...
...
...
...
6.2
...
138.9
116.6
146.2
43.8
45.4
42.2
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
95.0
69.7
120.4
9.4
4.0
15.0
...
...
...
68.2
53.3
...
21.8
...
...
...
...
...

23 433.2
12 029.1
5 262.5
5 457.3
919.5
395.5
11 404.1
5 260.6
5 156.9
729.8
262.7
2.91
2.81
3.02
2.81
94.8
91.3
88.6
5.4
...
...
...
...
6.4
...
132.0
111.8
130.6
45.1
46.6
43.5
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
92.7
73.4
110.0
16.8
9.0
25.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
11.0
...
...
...
...
...

27 170.0
13 882.5
6 168.1
6 219.8
1 051.1
455.2
13 287.6
6 180.1
5 956.4
853.5
309.1
2.91
2.82
3.00
2.99
95.7
93.3
90.8
5.5
...
...
...
...
6.6
500.0
124.3
107.7
126.8
46.5
48.0
44.9
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
92.4
76.9
108.0
24.0
13.0
35.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
10 558.0
43.8
71.5
36.6
34.8

31 402.4
15 983.2
7 246.6
7 046.6
1 183.0
520.2
15 419.2
7 272.5
6 817.6
981.6
360.1
2.99
2.92
3.07
3.16
96.5
96.2
92.5
5.5
...
...
...
...
6.9
...
118.4
108.3
127.7
47.6
49.2
45.9
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
86.5
67.9
105.1
22.7
13.0
32.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
12 137.0
43.4
69.5
35.7
33.8

37 016.1
18 783.2
8 705.2
8 141.4
1 349.7
600.4
18 232.9
8 744.1
7 934.3
1 141.3
424.0
3.68
3.63
3.74
3.27
97.1
99.6
93.1
5.4
...
...
...
...
7.1
...
114.4
109.5
128.5
47.8
49.6
46.0
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
70.0
50.0
80.8
21.7
14.1
29.4
...
...
...
54.3
47.6
24.0
...
14 255.0
42.5
67.5
34.4
33.0

44 921.0
22 746.9
10 758.0
9 710.3
1 573.5
711.6
22 174.1
10 813.3
9 497.6
1 340.1
513.4
3.33
3.30
3.36
3.16
97.5
103.0
93.6
5.4
...
...
...
...
7.1
...
121.3
103.7
153.1
46.3
48.1
44.5
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
71.7
59.0
85.1
28.0
20.8
34.2
...
...
...
...
...
22.2
15.7
17 137.0
40.5
64.8
32.0
32.7

GENDER
Dependency Ratio (per 100)
100
80
60
40
20
0
1970

1985

1995

Total

2006

2007

2008

Age 0-14

2009

Age 65+

Maternal Mortality Rates
(per 100,000)
800
700
600

.

500
400
300
200
100
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Primary School
Enrolment (Gross)
(%)

Ratio
100.0

90

80.0
60

60.0
40.0

30

20.0
0.0

0

2005-08

2004

2000

1995

1985

1970

Male

Female

F/M

Economically active population
(per cent)
60
50
40
30
Male

20

Female

10
0
2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2000

1995

1985

1970

114

Total Population ('000)
Female Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Male Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Population Growth Rate -Total (%)
Female
Male
Rate of Natural Increase (%)
Sex Ratio (per 100 females)
Dependency Ratio - Total (%)
Age 0-14
Age 65+
Singulate Mean Age at Marriage (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (%)
Total Fertility Rate (per woman)
Maternal Mortality Rate (per 100,000)
Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Female (per 1,000)
, )
Male (p
(per 1,000)
Life Expectancy at Birth - Total (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Gender Ratio F/M
Average Size of Households-Overall
Urban
Rural
Households Headed by Women - Total (%)
Urban (%)
Rural (%)
Adult Illiteracy Rate - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Secondary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
School Life Expectancy - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Net ) (%)
Female (%)
Female School Teachers - Primary (%)
Secondary (%)
Economically active population ('000)
Female (as % of total)
Econ. active pop. in agric. (as % of Total)
Female (%)
Male (%)

CONGO (RDC)

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement
2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

50 829.2
25 704.7
12 195.8
11 013.7
1 703.1
780.7
25 124.5
12 243.0
10 811.8
1 449.5
576.7
2.55
2.52
2.58
3.07
97.7
103.0
93.3
5.3
...
...
...
...
6.9
990.0
120.6
106.2
144.9
46.3
48.0
44.7
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
19 268.0
39.1
62.2
30.1
32.0

59 076.8
29 827.7
14 051.1
12 970.1
1 876.0
892.9
29 249.0
14 106.7
12 783.5
1 616.4
674.0
2.99
2.96
3.02
2.95
98.1
101.3
94.0
5.2
...
...
...
...
6.4
1 100.0
113.8
106.3
125.6
47.6
49.2
46.0
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
22 381.0
38.9
59.8
29.2
30.6

60 799.8
30 689.6
14 400.6
13 415.1
1 917.5
916.9
30 110.2
14 456.8
13 232.2
1 657.1
694.7
2.87
2.85
2.90
2.90
98.1
100.5
94.2
5.2
...
...
...
...
6.3
...
114.5
104.8
124.6
47.6
49.2
46.1
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
23 028.0
39.0
59.3
29.0
30.3

62 522.8
31 551.7
14 734.6
13 874.7
1 961.6
941.0
30 971.1
14 790.8
13 695.6
1 700.4
715.4
2.79
2.77
2.82
2.84
98.2
99.5
94.6
5.2
...
20.8
25.2
...
6.2
...
115.1
103.4
123.6
47.6
49.2
46.1
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
82.5
73.8
91.1
32.2
22.3
42.1
...
...
...
...
...
25.9
10.1
23 584.0
38.6
58.7
28.6
30.2

64 256.6
32 419.6
15 057.8
14 349.2
2 007.9
965.4
31 837.1
15 113.7
14 173.4
1 746.0
736.4
2.74
2.71
2.76
2.79
98.2
98.4
94.9
5.2
...
...
...
...
6.0
...
115.3
102.6
121.6
47.7
49.3
46.1
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
90.4
82.2
98.6
34.8
24.7
44.8
...
...
...
...
...
25.7
10.6
24 206.0
38.6
58.2
28.4
29.9

66 020.4
33 302.7
15 378.2
14 839.3
2 055.9
990.5
32 717.6
15 434.2
14 665.8
1 793.7
757.9
2.71
2.69
2.73
2.75
98.2
97.3
95.2
5.1
...
...
...
...
5.9
...
114.9
101.7
119.6
47.8
49.4
46.2
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
24 838.0
38.5
57.8
28.1
29.6

RUBRIQUE

GENRE
Population totale ('000)
Population féminine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Population masculine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Taux de croissance de la pop. -Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux d'accroissement naturel (%)
Rapport de masculinité (pour 100 femmes)
Taux de dépendence - Total (%)
0-14 ans
65+ ans
Age moyen au mariage (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Taux de prévalence contraceptive (%)
Indice synthétique de fécondité (par femme)
Taux de mortalité maternelle (pour 100000)
Taux de mortalité infantile (pour 1000)
Femme (pour 1000)
Homme (p
(pour 1000)
Espérance de vie à la naissance - Totale (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Ratio de genre F/H
Taille moyenne des ménages - Ensemble
Urbain
Rural
Femmes chefs de ménages - Total (%)
Urbain (%)
Rural (%)
Taux d'analphabétisme des adultes - Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au secondaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Espérance de vie scolaire - Totale (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux net de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Personnel enseignant féminin - primaire (%)
secondaire (%)
Population active totale ('000)
Femme (en % de la pop. tot.)
Participation de la pop. active agricole (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)

Taux de dépendance (pour 100)
2009
2008
2007
2006
1995
1985
1970

0

20
65+ ans

40

60

0-14 ans

80

100

Total

Taux de mortalité maternelle
(pour 100000)
800
700
600
.

500
400
300
200
100
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Taux bruts de scolarisation au primaire
Ratio

(%)

100.0

70
60

80.0

50
40

60.0

30

40.0

20
20.0

10

0.0

0
1970 1985 1995 2000 2004 200508
Total

Filles

F/G

Participation de la
population active (%)

Hommes
Femmes

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1970

1995

2003

2005

2007

2009

115

CONGO (DRC)

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970-74

1975-79

1980-84

1985-89

1990-94

1995

...
...
2.1
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
3.5
14.6
332.3
1 000.0
2 262.1
36.6
35.5
...
29.0
...
...
...
47.7
19.8

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
7.3
53.8
322.5
68 387.0
2 108.2
33.0
34.2
...
...
28.8
...
...
48.4
18.9

321
...
0.8
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
31.4
2.6
80.0
...
...
...
137 558.0
2 161.2
33.2
34.4
...
36.0
20.0
8.5
206.4
49.5
18.1

227
...
1.0
...
...
...
80.0
...
...
...
...
28.6
2.8
33.0
7.5
52.3
154.9
106 879.0
2 184.0
33.5
34.4
...
...
25.0
10.0
200.3
50.5
17.9

150
0.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
57.0
1.9
59.0
6.9
72.7
137.9
91 333.0
1 956.6
30.5
32.7
222.0
31.0
34.0
20.0
204.4
50.6
18.6

127
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
57.0
16.4
...
...
...
...
16 995.0
1 790.1
27.4
28.9
238.0
...
34.4
...
207.2
50.5
18.9

...
...
...
...
...
27.93
...
...
...
...
...
11.0
4.0
33.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
28.15
...
...
...
...
...
19.0
12.0
38.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

226 705.0
2.94
0.48
0.00
6.62
28.38
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
8.0
...
...
617.3
...
36 330.2

3 412.9
0.11
0.45
4.78
...
30 452.7
900.0

226 705.0
2.96
0.51
0.00
6.62
28.62
...
...
...
...
...
35.6
16.0
62.0
23.0
45.8
...
...
747.8
...
42 329.3

3 946.1
0.11
0.48
5.87
...
26 453.5
900.0

226 705.0
2.96
0.53
0.00
6.62
28.85
138 400.9
...
...
...
...
23.0
23.0
37.0
9.0
23.0
0.3
...
1 141.5
...
56 746.0

3 591.6
0.08
0.69
5.31
...
22 366.4
900.0

226 705.0
2.96
0.53
0.00
6.62
29.08
137 868.5
...
...
...
...
44.0
26.0
89.0
17.0
51.0
...
...
1 199.7
...
58 758.5

3 716.3
0.08
0.71
5.38
...
...
...

POVERTY
Per Capita GNI (US $)
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
2007

2005

2003

2001

1990

1980

1970

Daily per Capita Calorie Supply

2500
2000

.

1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

GNI Per Capita (US$)
Public Expenditure - on Health (as % of GDP)
on Education (as % of GNI)
Human Development Index Value (0 to 1)
Rank (out of 182)
Human Poverty Index (HPI-1) Value (%)
Population Below National Poverty Line (%)
Below Inter. Poverty Line ( $2 /day) (%)
Household Income Spent on Food (%)
Share of Income Held by Richest 10%
Share of Income Held by Poorest 10%
Share of Agriculture in Total GDP (%)
Growth of Value Added in Agriculture (%)
Access to Health Care (%)
Physician per 100,000 People
Nurse per 100,000 People
Hospital Beds per 100,000 People
Food Aid in Cereals ('000 MT)
Daily per Capita Calorie Supply
Daily per Capita Protein Supply (grams)
Daily per Capita Fat Supply (grams)
Incidence of Tuberculosis (per 100000 inhab.)
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of pop.)
Underweight Children Under Age 5 (%)
Low Birthweight Babies (% of births)
Under Five Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Birth Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Death Rate (p
(per 1,000)
, )

ENVIRONMENT
Land Area ('000 ha)
Arable Land (as % of land area)
Permanent Crops Use (as % land area)
Irrigated Land (% of land area)
Permanent Pasture Use (as % of land area)
Other Land Use (as % of land area)
Total Forest Area ('000 ha)
Annual Rate of Deforestation (%)
Annual Rate of Reforestation (%)
Natural Forest Cover ('000 ha)

Access to Safe Water
(% of total population)
100
90
80

.

70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Fuelwood Production Trends (Non-coniferous) ,
(Mn m3)
10,000
9,000
8,000
7,000
6,000
5,000
4,000
3,000
2,000
1,000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

116

Nationally Protected Areas ('000 Km2)
Access to Safe Water (% of total population)
% Rural
% Urban
Access to Sanitation (% of population)
% Urban
Energy Consumption per Capita ('000 MT)
Emissions of Organic Water Pollutants (kg/day)
Charcoal Production ('000 MT)
Fuelwood Production (Coniferous) ('000 m3)
(Non-coniferous) ('000 m3)
Traditional Fuel Use (% total energy use)
CO2 Emissions - Total ('000 MT)
Per Capita (MT)
Kg per 2000 $ of GDP
Electricity Production (Billion kwh)
Annual Freshwater Withdrawals (m3)
Per Capita Cubic Meters (Internal)
Annual Internal Renew. Water Resources (m3)

CONGO (RDC)

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement

RUBRIQUE

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

80
0.2
...
...
...
39.7
...
...
...
...
...
49.4
- 11.0
59.0
...
...
...
41 620.0
1 600.3
24.1
25.2
343.0
...
...
...
207.2
49.3
18.6

120
1.2
...
...
...
39.3
...
...
...
...
...
44.4
0.8
...
...
...
...
68 165.0
1 484.9
23.1
22.9
413.0
75.0
...
...
197.4
46.8
17.3

130
1.3
...
...
...
39.3
...
79.5
...
34.7
2.3
42.6
4.2
...
...
...
...
80 030.0
...
...
...
402.0
...
...
...
197.1
46.1
17.2

140
...
...
0.601
136
...
...
...
...
...
...
39.8
1.4
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
392.0
...
...
...
196.9
45.5
17.1

150
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
37.0
1.7
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
196.4
44.9
17.0

...
RNB par habitant ($EU)
...
Dépenses publiques de santé en % du PIB
...
d'éducation en % du RNB
...
Valeur de l'Indice de dév. humain (de 0 à 1)
...
Rang (sur 182)
...
Valeur de l'Indice de pauvreté (IPH-1) (%)
...
Pop. sous le seuil national de pauvreté (%)
...
sous le seuil inter. de pauvreté (2$/J) (%)
... Revenu des ménages aux dépenses aliment. (%)
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus riches
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus pauvres
...
Part de l'agriculture dans PIB (%)
...
Croissance de la valeur ajoutée agricole (%)
...
Accès aux soins de santé (%)
...
Médécins pour 100000 habitants
...
Infirmières pour 100000 habitants
...
Lits d'hopitaux pour 100000 habitants
...
Aide alimentaire en céréales ('000 TM)
...
Apport journalier en calories par habitant
...
Apport journalier en protéines par habt (gr)
...
Apport journalier en lipides par habit. (gr)
...
Incidence de tuberculose (pour 100000)
...
Prévalence de la malnutrition (% de pop.)
...
Insuffisance pondérale des < 5 ans (%)
... Insuffisance pondérale néonatale (% des naiss.)
195.3
Taux de mortalité des < 5 ans (pour 1000)
44.3
Taux brut de natalité (pour 1000)
16.8
Taux brut de mortalité (pour
(p
1000))

226 705.0
2.96
0.49
0.00
6.62
30.30
135 206.5
0.4
...
...
...
45.0
28.0
85.0
25.0
45.0
0.3
...
1 431.3
...
64 902.8

2 712.4
0.05
0.63
6.02
...
...
...

226 705.0
2.96
0.49
0.00
6.62
31.01
133 609.5
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1 704.2
...
71 066.4

2 476.6
0.04
0.46
7.42
...
...
...

226 705.0
2.96
0.42
0.00
6.62
31.21
133 290.1
...
...
...
...
46.0
29.0
82.0
31.0
42.0
...
...
1 764.1
...
72 126.0

2 466.2
0.04
0.44
7.89
...
...
...

226 705.0
2.96
0.42
0.00
6.62
31.36
132 970.7
...
...
...
...
48.2
23.8
80.5
17.6
...
...
...
1 826.0
...
73 208.8

2 478.0
0.04
0.41
...
...
16 048.8
900.0

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1 890.0
...
74 315.3

2 526.5
0.04
0.40
...
...
...
...

PAUVRETE
RNB par habitant ($ EU)
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
1970

1980

1990

2001

2003

2005

2007

RNB par Habitant

Apport journalier en calories
par habitant
2500
2000

.
1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

ENVIRONNEMENT
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Superficie des terres ('000 ha)
Terres arables (% sup des terres)
Terres cultivables (% sup. des terres)
Terres irriguées (% sup. des terres)
Prairies & pâturages permanents (% de terres)
Autres terres (en % des superf. des terres)
Superficie totale des forêts ('000 ha)
Taux annuel de déforestation (%)
Taux annuel de reboisement (%)
Etendue des forêts naturelles ('000 ha)
2

Zones nationales protégées ('000 Km )
Accès à l'eau potable (% de la pop. totale)
Rural (% de la pop. totale)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Accès aux services d'assainis. (% de la pop.)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Energie consommée par habitant ('000 TM)
Emissions de polluants d'eau organiques (kg/j)
Production du charbon ('000 TM)
3

Prod. de bois de chauffe (Conifères) ('000 m )
3
(Non conifères) ('000 m )
Combustibles tradit. utilisés (% d'énergie tot.)
Emissions totales du CO2 ('000 TM)
Par habitant (TM)
Kg par PIB en $ de 2000
Production d'électricité (en md de Kwh)
Prélèvements annuels d'eau douce (m3)
mètre cube par habitant (intérieure)

Accès à l'eau potable
(% de la pop. totale)
100
90
80
70

.

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Prod. de bois de chauffe (non conifères)
(millions de m3)
10000
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

3

Ressources d'eau intér. renouvelables (m /an)

117

CÔTE D'IVOIRE

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

5 232.6
2 534.3
1 163.1
1 126.9
180.0
66.2
2 698.3
1 154.8
1 290.1
191.9
61.6



3.36
106.5
87.8
84.3
4.7
...
...
...
...
7.9
...
145.1
122.3
151.8
47.0
48.7
45.5
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
58.8
42.6
75.1
9.1
4.0
14.0
...
...
...
...
...
13.4
...
...
...
...
...
...

6 620.5
3 187.6
1 492.2
1 393.7
218.1
83.4
3 432.9
1 487.4
1 618.3
241.8
80.7
4.83
4.72
4.93
3.62
107.7
90.4
85.6
4.8
...
...
...
...
7.9
...
119.7
121.3
131.6
52.4
54.2
50.9
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
61.1
45.9
80.0
12.2
7.0
18.0
...
...
...
...
...
12.4
...
...
...
...
...
...

8 419.4
4 037.9
1 918.6
1 741.6
268.4
106.0
4 381.5
1 920.3
2 034.0
310.9
106.2
4.69
4.64
4.74
3.59
108.5
92.7
86.5
4.9
...
...
...
3.0
7.6
...
106.2
116.4
119.2
55.7
57.7
54.0
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
75.0
59.9
90.0
18.6
11.2
26.0
...
...
...
...
...
15.4
...
3 096.0
30.4
64.6
22.8
41.8

10 475.6
5 020.5
2 380.8
2 167.8
331.1
133.7
5 455.0
2 387.5
2 515.0
397.2
138.2
4.09
4.11
4.06
3.29
108.7
92.7
89.4
4.9
...
...
...
...
7.0
...
104.7
116.8
108.8
56.7
58.8
55.0
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
71.7
59.3
84.1
19.7
12.0
27.0
...
...
...
...
...
18.8
...
3 809.0
29.5
61.9
21.7
40.3

12 610.3
6 062.7
2 813.5
2 665.6
403.8
167.3
6 547.6
2 824.4
3 024.1
494.8
176.9
3.59
3.66
3.54
3.01
108.0
90.3
89.8
5.1
...
...
...
...
6.3
600.0
101.3
120.9
107.0
57.3
59.5
55.6
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
67.1
55.6
78.5
22.0
14.0
29.6
...
...
...
46.9
...
18.8
...
4 554.0
29.4
59.4
21.2
38.3

14 980.9
7 222.0
3 201.8
3 304.2
481.8
209.9
7 758.9
3 216.9
3 670.6
590.2
227.5
3.25
3.33
3.18
2.75
107.4
84.4
87.0
5.2
...
...
...
...
5.6
...
97.8
124.9
109.1
56.8
59.1
55.0
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
68.9
58.4
79.5
23.0
15.0
30.5
...
...
...
53.1
45.5
20.5
...
5 407.0
29.2
54.1
19.3
34.8

GENDER
Dependency Ratio (per 100)
100
80
60
40
20
0
1970

1985

1995

Total

2006

2007

2008

Age 0-14

2009

Age 65+

Maternal Mortality Rates
(per 100,000)
800
700
600

.

500
400
300
200
100
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Primary School
Enrolment (Gross)
(%)

Ratio
100.0

90

80.0
60

60.0
40.0

30

20.0
0.0

0

2005-08

2004

2000

1995

1985

1970

Male

Female

F/M

Economically active population
(per cent)
60
50
40
30
Male

20

Female

10
0
2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2000

1995

1985

1970

118

Total Population ('000)
Female Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Male Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Population Growth Rate -Total (%)
Female
Male
Rate of Natural Increase (%)
Sex Ratio (per 100 females)
Dependency Ratio - Total (%)
Age 0-14
Age 65+
Singulate Mean Age at Marriage (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (%)
Total Fertility Rate (per woman)
Maternal Mortality Rate (per 100,000)
Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Female (per 1,000)
, )
Male (p
(per 1,000)
Life Expectancy at Birth - Total (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Gender Ratio F/M
Average Size of Households-Overall
Urban
Rural
Households Headed by Women - Total (%)
Urban (%)
Rural (%)
Adult Illiteracy Rate - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Secondary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
School Life Expectancy - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Net ) (%)
Female (%)
Female School Teachers - Primary (%)
Secondary (%)
Economically active population ('000)
Female (as % of total)
Econ. active pop. in agric. (as % of Total)
Female (%)
Male (%)

CÔTE D'IVOIRE

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement
2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

17 281.5
8 383.8
3 571.5
3 948.9
557.2
266.4
8 897.7
3 593.0
4 257.3
666.6
292.3
2.52
2.66
2.39
2.57
106.1
80.8
80.1
5.5
...
...
...
...
5.2
690.0
94.2
131.1
109.3
55.4
57.5
53.9
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
51.3
61.4
39.2
72.6
62.1
83.1
23.1
16.2
29.9
5.7
4.6
6.8
54.7
46.6
20.2
...
6 296.0
30.0
48.8
17.8
31.0

19 244.9
9 401.9
3 961.4
4 419.2
641.1
329.3
9 843.0
3 989.9
4 654.8
729.4
362.5
2.13
2.26
2.00
2.47
104.7
81.5
75.7
5.7
...
...
...
...
4.9
543.0
89.8
134.4
103.3
55.9
57.5
54.7
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
7 054.0
30.2
43.3
15.7
27.6

19 673.4
9 623.0
4 038.6
4 529.3
658.4
343.2
10 050.4
4 068.3
4 754.0
742.5
377.7
2.20
2.32
2.09
2.45
104.4
81.4
74.7
5.7
...
...
...
...
4.8
...
88.7
134.4
101.3
56.4
57.9
55.2
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
69.8
61.7
77.8
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
23.2
...
7 232.0
30.2
42.2
15.3
26.9

20 122.8
9 854.0
4 115.0
4 649.2
675.6
357.5
10 268.8
4 145.8
4 865.0
756.1
393.4
2.26
2.37
2.15
2.43
104.2
81.1
73.6
5.7
...
...
...
...
4.7
...
87.5
134.4
99.4
56.8
58.3
55.7
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
70.4
62.4
78.5
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
24.5
...
7 433.0
30.3
41.1
14.9
26.2

20 591.3
10 094.1
4 190.8
4 778.1
692.9
372.3
10 497.2
4 222.7
4 986.3
769.9
409.3
2.30
2.41
2.20
2.41
104.0
80.7
72.4
5.8
...
...
...
...
4.6
...
86.1
133.1
97.6
57.3
58.8
56.2
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
74.5
65.9
83.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
22.9
...
7 646.0
30.4
40.0
14.5
25.5

21 075.0
10 341.6
4 266.4
4 913.9
710.2
387.4
10 733.4
4 299.4
5 115.6
783.7
425.4
2.32
2.42
2.23
2.39
103.8
80.2
71.3
5.9
...
...
...
...
4.5
...
84.7
131.7
95.8
57.9
59.3
56.7
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
7 871.0
30.4
39.0
14.1
24.9

RUBRIQUE

GENRE
Population totale ('000)
Population féminine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Population masculine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Taux de croissance de la pop. -Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux d'accroissement naturel (%)
Rapport de masculinité (pour 100 femmes)
Taux de dépendence - Total (%)
0-14 ans
65+ ans
Age moyen au mariage (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Taux de prévalence contraceptive (%)
Indice synthétique de fécondité (par femme)
Taux de mortalité maternelle (pour 100000)
Taux de mortalité infantile (pour 1000)
Femme (pour 1000)
Homme (p
(pour 1000)
Espérance de vie à la naissance - Totale (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Ratio de genre F/H
Taille moyenne des ménages - Ensemble
Urbain
Rural
Femmes chefs de ménages - Total (%)
Urbain (%)
Rural (%)
Taux d'analphabétisme des adultes - Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au secondaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Espérance de vie scolaire - Totale (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux net de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Personnel enseignant féminin - primaire (%)
secondaire (%)
Population active totale ('000)
Femme (en % de la pop. tot.)
Participation de la pop. active agricole (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)

Taux de dépendance (pour 100)
2009
2008
2007
2006
1995
1985
1970

0

20

40

65+ ans

60

0-14 ans

80

100

Total

Taux de mortalité maternelle
(pour 100000)
800
700
600
.

500
400
300
200
100
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Taux bruts de scolarisation au primaire
Ratio

(%)

100.0

70
60

80.0

50
40

60.0

30

40.0

20
20.0

10

0.0

0
1970 1985 1995 2000 2004 200508
Total

Filles

F/G

Participation de la
population active (%)

Hommes
Femmes

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1970

1995

2003

2005

2007

2009

119

CÔTE D'IVOIRE

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970-74

1975-79

1980-84

1985-89

1990-94

1995

...
...
5.7
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
6.4
53.6
115.6
3 600.0
2 531.1
57.7
42.8
...
16.0
...
...
...
51.7
15.8

...
...
6.3
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
50.2
...
2 000.0
2 875.0
60.9
49.5
...
...
...
...
...
49.3
13.0

618
...
7.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
26.6
1.9
...
...
...
...
877.0
2 709.6
56.2
47.4
...
8.0
...
14.0
159.1
45.5
11.9

786
...
6.3
...
...
...
...
...
...
28.5
2.8
29.8
7.1
60.0
7.1
...
76.6
25 939.0
2 464.5
53.2
43.9
...
...
12.4
15.0
152.6
41.8
11.2

665
1.5
5.8
...
...
...
...
43.5
...
29.0
3.0
27.7
0.4
...
4.8
28.9
35.6
56 698.0
2 393.7
47.4
44.3
239.0
18.0
23.8
14.0
145.7
39.0
11.0

669
1.3
5.3
...
...
...
...
47.9
...
28.8
3.1
28.8
10.0
...
5.6
...
39.2
34 531.0
2 409.5
48.3
44.9
255.0
...
...
...
144.3
38.6
11.0

...
...
...
...
...
8.33
...
...
...
...
...
44.0
29.0
98.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
8.23
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

31 800.0
7.24
8.18
0.16
40.88
7.41
...
...
...
...
...
20.0
10.0
30.0
17.1
13.0
...
...
200.5
...
7 255.4

4 135.5
0.41
0.57
1.56
...
8 338.6
76.8

31 800.0
7.61
10.69
0.20
40.88
6.43
...
...
...
...
...
17.1
77.0
60.0
50.0
...
...
...
258.4
...
7 445.3

5 623.0
0.46
0.69
2.44
0.7
6 806.0
76.8

31 800.0
9.43
11.64
0.23
40.88
5.77
10 264.4
...
...
...
...
72.0
81.0
59.0
54.0
59.0
0.3
...
348.3
...
8 674.5

4 557.0
0.31
0.55
2.25
1.1
5 783.1
76.8

31 800.0
9.43
11.95
0.23
40.88
5.42
10 275.0
...
...
...
...
71.0
66.0
79.0
21.0
38.0
...
...
349.1
...
8 781.3

4 537.0
0.30
0.51
2.96
...
...
...

POVERTY
Per Capita GNI (US $)
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
2007

2005

2003

2001

1990

1980

1970

Daily per Capita Calorie Supply

2500
2000

.

1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

GNI Per Capita (US$)
Public Expenditure - on Health (as % of GDP)
on Education (as % of GNI)
Human Development Index Value (0 to 1)
Rank (out of 182)
Human Poverty Index (HPI-1) Value (%)
Population Below National Poverty Line (%)
Below Inter. Poverty Line ( $2 /day) (%)
Household Income Spent on Food (%)
Share of Income Held by Richest 10%
Share of Income Held by Poorest 10%
Share of Agriculture in Total GDP (%)
Growth of Value Added in Agriculture (%)
Access to Health Care (%)
Physician per 100,000 People
Nurse per 100,000 People
Hospital Beds per 100,000 People
Food Aid in Cereals ('000 MT)
Daily per Capita Calorie Supply
Daily per Capita Protein Supply (grams)
Daily per Capita Fat Supply (grams)
Incidence of Tuberculosis (per 100000 inhab.)
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of pop.)
Underweight Children Under Age 5 (%)
Low Birthweight Babies (% of births)
Under Five Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Birth Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Death Rate (p
(per 1,000)
, )

ENVIRONMENT
Land Area ('000 ha)
Arable Land (as % of land area)
Permanent Crops Use (as % land area)
Irrigated Land (% of land area)
Permanent Pasture Use (as % of land area)
Other Land Use (as % of land area)
Total Forest Area ('000 ha)
Annual Rate of Deforestation (%)
Annual Rate of Reforestation (%)
Natural Forest Cover ('000 ha)

Access to Safe Water
(% of total population)
100
90
80

.

70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Fuelwood Production Trends (Non-coniferous) ,
(Mn m3)
10,000
9,000
8,000
7,000
6,000
5,000
4,000
3,000
2,000
1,000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

120

Nationally Protected Areas ('000 Km2)
Access to Safe Water (% of total population)
% Rural
% Urban
Access to Sanitation (% of population)
% Urban
Energy Consumption per Capita ('000 MT)
Emissions of Organic Water Pollutants (kg/day)
Charcoal Production ('000 MT)
Fuelwood Production (Coniferous) ('000 m3)
(Non-coniferous) ('000 m3)
Traditional Fuel Use (% total energy use)
CO2 Emissions - Total ('000 MT)
Per Capita (MT)
Kg per 2000 $ of GDP
Electricity Production (Billion kwh)
Annual Freshwater Withdrawals (m3)
Per Capita Cubic Meters (Internal)
Annual Internal Renew. Water Resources (m3)

CÔTE D'IVOIRE

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement

RUBRIQUE

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

620
1.3
4.9
...
...
42.3
...
...
...
...
...
24.2
11.2
...
...
...
...
10 328.0
2 447.3
47.4
49.2
368.0
...
...
...
137.3
37.3
11.7

820
0.8
...
...
...
40.3
...
...
...
...
...
22.8
1.9
...
...
...
...
20 667.0
2 542.0
50.4
53.4
443.0
14.0
...
...
128.7
36.2
11.5

840
0.9
...
...
...
40.5
...
...
...
...
...
22.3
1.8
...
...
...
...
12 583.0
...
...
...
432.0
...
20.0
...
126.6
35.8
11.3

880
...
...
0.484
163
...
...
...
...
...
...
22.2
0.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
420.0
...
...
...
124.3
35.4
11.1

980
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
21.7
1.5
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
121.9
35.0
10.8

...
RNB par habitant ($EU)
...
Dépenses publiques de santé en % du PIB
...
d'éducation en % du RNB
...
Valeur de l'Indice de dév. humain (de 0 à 1)
...
Rang (sur 182)
...
Valeur de l'Indice de pauvreté (IPH-1) (%)
...
Pop. sous le seuil national de pauvreté (%)
...
sous le seuil inter. de pauvreté (2$/J) (%)
... Revenu des ménages aux dépenses aliment. (%)
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus riches
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus pauvres
...
Part de l'agriculture dans PIB (%)
...
Croissance de la valeur ajoutée agricole (%)
...
Accès aux soins de santé (%)
...
Médécins pour 100000 habitants
...
Infirmières pour 100000 habitants
...
Lits d'hopitaux pour 100000 habitants
...
Aide alimentaire en céréales ('000 TM)
...
Apport journalier en calories par habitant
...
Apport journalier en protéines par habt (gr)
...
Apport journalier en lipides par habit. (gr)
...
Incidence de tuberculose (pour 100000)
...
Prévalence de la malnutrition (% de pop.)
...
Insuffisance pondérale des < 5 ans (%)
... Insuffisance pondérale néonatale (% des naiss.)
119.5
Taux de mortalité des < 5 ans (pour 1000)
34.5
Taux brut de natalité (pour 1000)
10.6
Taux brut de mortalité (pour
(p
1000))

31 800.0
8.81
11.95
0.23
40.88
5.89
10 328.0
3.1
...
...
...
75.0
66.0
87.0
22.0
38.0
0.4
...
327.0
...
8 529.0

7 362.6
0.43
0.71
4.81
...
...
...

31 800.0
8.81
12.58
0.23
41.51
4.39
10 405.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
420.1
...
8 700.0

6 367.4
0.33
0.61
5.57
...
...
...

31 800.0
8.81
13.21
0.23
41.51
3.71
10 420.4
...
...
...
...
81.0
66.0
98.0
24.0
38.0
...
...
429.6
...
8 740.4

6 272.7
0.32
0.60
5.54
...
...
...

31 800.0
8.81
13.21
0.23
41.51
3.66
10 435.8
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
439.2
...
8 785.4

6 724.6
0.33
0.63
...
...
4 476.6
76.8

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
449.1
...
8 834.9

6 209.8
0.30
0.57
...
...
...
...

PAUVRETE
RNB par habitant ($ EU)
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
1970

1980

1990

2001

2003

2005

2007

RNB par Habitant

Apport journalier en calories
par habitant
2500
2000

.
1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

ENVIRONNEMENT
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Superficie des terres ('000 ha)
Terres arables (% sup des terres)
Terres cultivables (% sup. des terres)
Terres irriguées (% sup. des terres)
Prairies & pâturages permanents (% de terres)
Autres terres (en % des superf. des terres)
Superficie totale des forêts ('000 ha)
Taux annuel de déforestation (%)
Taux annuel de reboisement (%)
Etendue des forêts naturelles ('000 ha)
2

Zones nationales protégées ('000 Km )
Accès à l'eau potable (% de la pop. totale)
Rural (% de la pop. totale)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Accès aux services d'assainis. (% de la pop.)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Energie consommée par habitant ('000 TM)
Emissions de polluants d'eau organiques (kg/j)
Production du charbon ('000 TM)
3

Prod. de bois de chauffe (Conifères) ('000 m )
3
(Non conifères) ('000 m )
Combustibles tradit. utilisés (% d'énergie tot.)
Emissions totales du CO2 ('000 TM)
Par habitant (TM)
Kg par PIB en $ de 2000
Production d'électricité (en md de Kwh)
Prélèvements annuels d'eau douce (m3)
mètre cube par habitant (intérieure)

Accès à l'eau potable
(% de la pop. totale)
100
90
80
70

.

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Prod. de bois de chauffe (non conifères)
(millions de m3)
10000
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

3

Ressources d'eau intér. renouvelables (m /an)

121

DJIBOUTI

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

161.6
81.4
37.0
37.3
5.3
1.9
80.2
37.0
37.1
4.7
1.4
6.28
6.26
6.30
2.86
98.4
91.7
87.7
4.0
...
...
...
...
7.4
...
161.3
143.1
176.9
43.2
44.8
41.7
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
27.9
16.6
39.3
6.6
3.5
9.6
...
...
...
...
...
32.2
...
...
...
...
...
...

223.9
112.7
51.3
51.4
7.4
2.7
111.2
51.5
51.1
6.6
2.1
7.99
7.96
8.01
2.80
98.6
92.4
88.3
4.1
...
...
...
...
7.0
...
147.3
133.2
159.0
45.5
47.0
44.0
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
29.8
21.0
38.7
6.6
3.5
9.8
...
...
...
...
...
35.4
38.5
...
...
...
...
...

340.0
170.9
76.6
78.7
11.3
4.3
169.1
77.3
78.3
10.2
3.3
5.98
5.95
6.00
2.79
98.9
90.4
86.2
4.2
...
...
...
...
6.7
...
133.5
117.9
147.2
47.6
49.1
46.2
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
37.0
27.3
46.6
12.0
8.7
15.3
...
...
...
...
...
35.0
...
133.0
42.9
84.2
39.1
45.1

402.2
201.9
89.0
94.1
13.6
5.2
200.3
90.1
93.8
12.4
4.0
4.73
4.70
4.76
2.84
99.2
88.1
83.9
4.3
...
...
...
...
6.5
...
123.0
109.2
136.2
49.3
50.9
47.9
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
39.9
32.9
46.9
11.7
9.0
14.0
...
...
...
31.3
26.2
36.0
...
158.0
43.0
82.9
38.6
44.9

560.3
280.9
122.4
131.8
19.2
7.6
279.3
124.2
131.6
17.7
5.8
4.98
4.96
5.00
2.77
99.4
86.5
82.2
4.5
...
...
...
...
6.2
...
115.8
101.2
128.4
50.8
52.4
49.4
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
38.1
31.6
44.6
11.9
9.4
14.4
...
...
...
31.6
...
37.1
...
221.0
43.0
81.9
38.0
44.3

623.8
312.5
133.7
147.8
22.2
8.8
311.3
135.8
148.0
20.7
6.8
2.15
2.14
2.16
2.45
99.6
84.2
79.6
4.6
...
...
...
...
5.5
...
106.7
90.5
121.2
52.5
54.1
50.9
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
38.5
32.7
44.3
12.9
10.7
15.0
...
...
...
32.2
27.7
32.7
...
249.0
43.4
79.9
37.8
42.6

GENDER
Dependency Ratio (per 100)
100
80
60
40
20
0
1970

1985

1995

Total

2006

2007

2008

Age 0-14

2009

Age 65+

Maternal Mortality Rates
(per 100,000)
800
700
600

.

500
400
300
200
100
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Primary School
Enrolment (Gross)
(%)

Ratio
100.0

90

80.0
60

60.0
40.0

30

20.0
0.0

0

2005-08

2004

2000

1995

1985

1970

Male

Female

F/M

Economically active population
(per cent)
60
50
40
30
Male

20

Female

10
0
2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2000

1995

1985

1970

122

Total Population ('000)
Female Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Male Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Population Growth Rate -Total (%)
Female
Male
Rate of Natural Increase (%)
Sex Ratio (per 100 females)
Dependency Ratio - Total (%)
Age 0-14
Age 65+
Singulate Mean Age at Marriage (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (%)
Total Fertility Rate (per woman)
Maternal Mortality Rate (per 100,000)
Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Female (per 1,000)
, )
Male (p
(per 1,000)
Life Expectancy at Birth - Total (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Gender Ratio F/M
Average Size of Households-Overall
Urban
Rural
Households Headed by Women - Total (%)
Urban (%)
Rural (%)
Adult Illiteracy Rate - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Secondary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
School Life Expectancy - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Net ) (%)
Female (%)
Female School Teachers - Primary (%)
Secondary (%)
Economically active population ('000)
Female (as % of total)
Econ. active pop. in agric. (as % of Total)
Female (%)
Male (%)

DJIBOUTI

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement
2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

729.6
365.3
149.0
177.8
27.6
11.1
364.2
151.4
178.3
25.8
8.7
2.84
2.83
2.85
2.09
99.7
78.2
73.4
4.8
...
...
...
...
4.8
730.0
98.2
82.6
113.0
53.6
55.1
52.0
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
32.5
27.5
37.5
13.8
10.9
16.6
3.0
2.4
3.5
26.9
23.2
...
...
297.0
43.1
78.1
36.4
42.1

804.9
402.9
153.4
204.4
31.7
13.3
402.1
156.0
205.8
29.4
10.6
1.77
1.75
1.78
1.85
99.8
70.7
65.7
5.1
...
...
...
...
4.2
650.0
89.9
73.9
104.4
54.5
55.9
53.0
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
41.5
37.3
45.7
22.8
18.1
27.3
4.1
3.5
4.7
34.4
30.9
27.2
...
335.0
43.3
76.4
35.5
40.9

819.5
410.1
153.7
209.9
32.6
13.8
409.4
156.4
211.5
30.2
11.0
1.79
1.78
1.80
1.81
99.8
69.1
64.1
5.3
...
...
...
...
4.1
...
88.0
71.8
102.6
54.8
56.2
53.3
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
44.1
39.5
48.7
22.5
18.0
26.8
...
...
...
37.8
33.9
26.9
23.1
343.0
43.4
75.8
35.3
40.5

834.3
417.5
154.0
215.5
33.5
14.4
416.8
156.7
217.3
31.0
11.5
1.79
1.78
1.80
1.78
99.9
67.6
62.5
5.4
...
...
...
...
4.0
...
86.0
69.7
100.8
55.1
56.5
53.7
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
46.5
42.9
50.0
25.4
20.6
30.0
...
...
...
40.1
36.9
26.0
23.5
352.0
43.2
75.6
34.9
40.6

849.3
424.9
154.2
221.1
34.5
14.9
424.4
157.0
223.2
31.9
12.0
1.78
1.77
1.79
1.74
99.9
66.1
61.0
5.5
...
...
...
...
3.9
...
84.1
67.4
98.9
55.4
56.8
54.0
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
55.5
52.0
58.9
29.5
24.2
34.7
...
...
...
45.3
42.7
25.8
24.0
362.0
43.1
74.9
34.8
40.3

864.2
432.3
154.5
226.6
35.5
15.5
431.9
157.3
228.9
32.8
12.4
1.74
1.73
1.76
1.71
99.9
64.8
59.5
5.5
...
...
...
...
3.8
...
82.1
65.1
97.0
55.8
57.2
54.4
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
371.0
43.4
74.7
34.5
39.9

RUBRIQUE

GENRE
Population totale ('000)
Population féminine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Population masculine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Taux de croissance de la pop. -Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux d'accroissement naturel (%)
Rapport de masculinité (pour 100 femmes)
Taux de dépendence - Total (%)
0-14 ans
65+ ans
Age moyen au mariage (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Taux de prévalence contraceptive (%)
Indice synthétique de fécondité (par femme)
Taux de mortalité maternelle (pour 100000)
Taux de mortalité infantile (pour 1000)
Femme (pour 1000)
Homme (p
(pour 1000)
Espérance de vie à la naissance - Totale (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Ratio de genre F/H
Taille moyenne des ménages - Ensemble
Urbain
Rural
Femmes chefs de ménages - Total (%)
Urbain (%)
Rural (%)
Taux d'analphabétisme des adultes - Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au secondaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Espérance de vie scolaire - Totale (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux net de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Personnel enseignant féminin - primaire (%)
secondaire (%)
Population active totale ('000)
Femme (en % de la pop. tot.)
Participation de la pop. active agricole (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)

Taux de dépendance (pour 100)
2009
2008
2007
2006
1995
1985
1970

0

20

40

65+ ans

60

0-14 ans

80

100

Total

Taux de mortalité maternelle
(pour 100000)
800
700
600
.

500
400
300
200
100
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Taux bruts de scolarisation au primaire
Ratio

(%)

100.0

70
60

80.0

50
40

60.0

30

40.0

20
20.0

10

0.0

0
1970 1985 1995 2000 2004 200508
Total

Filles

F/G

Participation de la
population active (%)

Hommes
Femmes

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1970

1995

2003

2005

2007

2009

123

DJIBOUTI

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970-74

1975-79

1980-84

1985-89

1990-94

1995

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
28.4
94.4
607.7
...
1 721.4
39.0
35.1
...
59.0
...
...
...
46.9
18.8

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
4 900.0
1 565.7
39.7
31.6
...
...
...
...
...
44.8
16.9

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
3.1
0.7
37.0
23.9
176.6
598.8
15 008.0
1 659.8
40.4
40.7
...
61.0
40.0
11.0
191.7
43.9
15.6

...
...
2.7
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
2.8
6.7
13.0
...
...
466.0
6 223.0
1 697.0
43.6
36.8
...
...
22.9
9.0
177.4
42.6
14.6

834
...
3.6
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
3.6
1.0
...
15.0
122.4
230.7
18 143.0
1 810.6
40.1
47.3
630.0
53.0
22.9
20.0
162.7
38.5
13.2

844
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
3.2
- 14.4
...
18.4
...
...
13 639.0
1 871.8
40.4
54.2
642.0
...
...
...
159.7
37.4
12.9

...
...
...
...
...
43.72
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
42.12
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

2 318.0
0.04
...
0.04
56.08
40.61
...
...
...
...
...
45.0
20.0
53.0
39.0
43.0
...
...
...
...
...

724.5
1.89
1.35
0.14
...
862.1
0.3

2 318.0
0.04
...
0.04
56.08
39.32
...
...
...
...
...
43.0
14.0
30.0
83.0
94.0
...
...
...
...
...

1 716.2
3.22
2.70
0.17
0.0
684.9
0.3

2 318.0
0.04
...
0.04
60.40
39.32
5.6
...
...
...
...
76.0
68.0
79.0
50.0
...
...
...
...
...
...

1 821.3
2.98
3.12
0.18
...
545.5
0.3

2 318.0
0.04
...
0.04
62.55
37.16
5.6
...
...
...
...
78.0
66.0
81.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

1 812.4
2.91
3.21
0.18
...
...
...

POVERTY
Per Capita GNI (US $)
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
2007

2005

2003

2001

1990

1980

1970

Daily per Capita Calorie Supply

2500
2000

.

1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

GNI Per Capita (US$)
Public Expenditure - on Health (as % of GDP)
on Education (as % of GNI)
Human Development Index Value (0 to 1)
Rank (out of 182)
Human Poverty Index (HPI-1) Value (%)
Population Below National Poverty Line (%)
Below Inter. Poverty Line ( $2 /day) (%)
Household Income Spent on Food (%)
Share of Income Held by Richest 10%
Share of Income Held by Poorest 10%
Share of Agriculture in Total GDP (%)
Growth of Value Added in Agriculture (%)
Access to Health Care (%)
Physician per 100,000 People
Nurse per 100,000 People
Hospital Beds per 100,000 People
Food Aid in Cereals ('000 MT)
Daily per Capita Calorie Supply
Daily per Capita Protein Supply (grams)
Daily per Capita Fat Supply (grams)
Incidence of Tuberculosis (per 100000 inhab.)
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of pop.)
Underweight Children Under Age 5 (%)
Low Birthweight Babies (% of births)
Under Five Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Birth Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Death Rate (p
(per 1,000)
, )

ENVIRONMENT
Land Area ('000 ha)
Arable Land (as % of land area)
Permanent Crops Use (as % land area)
Irrigated Land (% of land area)
Permanent Pasture Use (as % of land area)
Other Land Use (as % of land area)
Total Forest Area ('000 ha)
Annual Rate of Deforestation (%)
Annual Rate of Reforestation (%)
Natural Forest Cover ('000 ha)

Access to Safe Water
(% of total population)
100
90
80

.

70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1990-99

2000-04

CO2 Emissions - Total ('000 MT)
2,500
2,000
1,500
1,000
500
0

124

2005-08

Nationally Protected Areas ('000 Km2)
Access to Safe Water (% of total population)
% Rural
% Urban
Access to Sanitation (% of population)
% Urban
Energy Consumption per Capita ('000 MT)
Emissions of Organic Water Pollutants (kg/day)
Charcoal Production ('000 MT)
Fuelwood Production (Coniferous) ('000 m3)
(Non-coniferous) ('000 m3)
Traditional Fuel Use (% total energy use)
CO2 Emissions - Total ('000 MT)
Per Capita (MT)
Kg per 2000 $ of GDP
Electricity Production (Billion kwh)
Annual Freshwater Withdrawals (m3)
Per Capita Cubic Meters (Internal)
Annual Internal Renew. Water Resources (m3)

DJIBOUTI

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement

RUBRIQUE

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

760
3.3
7.6
...
...
34.3
...
...
...
...
...
3.1
1.9
...
...
...
160.0
12 568.0
2 008.8
48.8
55.8
708.0
...
35.0
...
145.9
32.8
11.9

1 000
5.2
7.6
...
...
28.5
...
...
...
...
...
3.2
4.3
...
...
...
...
16 226.0
2 210.3
49.4
66.1
781.0
31.0
...
...
132.7
30.0
11.4

1 030
5.0
8.0
...
...
26.5
...
...
...
...
...
3.1
2.9
...
...
...
...
7 597.0
...
...
...
797.0
...
29.0
...
129.8
29.4
11.3

1 070
...
...
0.520
155
...
...
...
...
...
...
3.0
4.1
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
813.0
...
...
...
126.7
28.9
11.2

1 130
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
2.8
3.9
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
123.7
28.4
11.0

...
RNB par habitant ($EU)
...
Dépenses publiques de santé en % du PIB
...
d'éducation en % du RNB
...
Valeur de l'Indice de dév. humain (de 0 à 1)
...
Rang (sur 182)
...
Valeur de l'Indice de pauvreté (IPH-1) (%)
...
Pop. sous le seuil national de pauvreté (%)
...
sous le seuil inter. de pauvreté (2$/J) (%)
... Revenu des ménages aux dépenses aliment. (%)
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus riches
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus pauvres
...
Part de l'agriculture dans PIB (%)
...
Croissance de la valeur ajoutée agricole (%)
...
Accès aux soins de santé (%)
...
Médécins pour 100000 habitants
...
Infirmières pour 100000 habitants
...
Lits d'hopitaux pour 100000 habitants
...
Aide alimentaire en céréales ('000 TM)
...
Apport journalier en calories par habitant
...
Apport journalier en protéines par habt (gr)
...
Apport journalier en lipides par habit. (gr)
...
Incidence de tuberculose (pour 100000)
...
Prévalence de la malnutrition (% de pop.)
...
Insuffisance pondérale des < 5 ans (%)
... Insuffisance pondérale néonatale (% des naiss.)
120.5
Taux de mortalité des < 5 ans (pour 1000)
28.0
Taux brut de natalité (pour 1000)
10.9
Taux brut de mortalité (pour
(p
1000))

2 318.0
0.04
...
0.04
69.03
30.69
5.6
...
...
...
...
83.0
61.0
88.0
65.0
76.0
...
...
...
...
...

1 851.0
2.54
3.33
0.18
...
...
...

2 318.0
0.04
...
0.04
73.34
26.38
5.6
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

1 921.6
2.39
3.01
0.26
...
...
...

2 318.0
0.06
...
0.04
73.34
26.36
5.6
...
...
...
...
92.0
54.0
98.0
67.0
76.0
...
...
...
...
...

1 680.0
2.05
2.51
0.28
...
...
...

2 318.0
0.06
...
0.04
73.34
26.36
5.6
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
45.2
...
...

1 759.7
2.11
2.50
...
...
416.1
0.3

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
46.1
...
...

1 833.0
2.16
2.47
...
...
...
...

PAUVRETE
RNB par habitant ($ EU)
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
1970

1980

1990

2001

2003

2005

2007

RNB par Habitant

Apport journalier en calories
par habitant
2500
2000

.
1500
1000
500
0
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

ENVIRONNEMENT
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Superficie des terres ('000 ha)
Terres arables (% sup des terres)
Terres cultivables (% sup. des terres)
Terres irriguées (% sup. des terres)
Prairies & pâturages permanents (% de terres)
Autres terres (en % des superf. des terres)
Superficie totale des forêts ('000 ha)
Taux annuel de déforestation (%)
Taux annuel de reboisement (%)
Etendue des forêts naturelles ('000 ha)
2

Zones nationales protégées ('000 Km )
Accès à l'eau potable (% de la pop. totale)
Rural (% de la pop. totale)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Accès aux services d'assainis. (% de la pop.)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Energie consommée par habitant ('000 TM)
Emissions de polluants d'eau organiques (kg/j)
Production du charbon ('000 TM)
3

Prod. de bois de chauffe (Conifères) ('000 m )
3
(Non conifères) ('000 m )
Combustibles tradit. utilisés (% d'énergie tot.)
Emissions totales du CO2 ('000 TM)
Par habitant (TM)
Kg par PIB en $ de 2000
Production d'électricité (en md de Kwh)
Prélèvements annuels d'eau douce (m3)
mètre cube par habitant (intérieure)
3

Ressources d'eau intér. renouvelables (m /an)

Accès à l'eau potable
(% de la pop. totale)
100
90
80
70

.

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Emissions totales du CO2 ('000 TM)
2500

2000

1500

1000

500

0
1980

1990

1995

2000

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

125

EGYPT

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

35 575.0
17 753.4
7 548.6
8 047.2
1 555.1
648.1
17 821.6
7 784.3
8 100.1
1 462.3
543.0


2.21
2.48
100.4
86.7
76.0
8.0
...
...
...
...
5.9
...
146.7
140.6
161.8
50.5
51.4
49.5
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
67.6
52.8
81.4
28.4
18.7
37.8
...
...
...
62.8
49.4
53.0
23.6
...
...
...
...
...

39 599.4
19 749.4
8 225.1
9 090.8
1 694.1
739.1
19 850.0
8 509.3
9 140.2
1 596.8
618.1
2.15
2.15
2.16
2.58
100.5
84.1
74.4
7.6
...
...
...
...
5.7
...
128.1
130.6
136.0
53.3
54.3
52.2
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
70.0
55.7
83.3
40.3
28.6
51.1
...
...
...
...
...
47.6
26.6
...
...
...
...
...

44 433.0
22 170.4
9 202.6
10 201.8
1 903.7
848.6
22 262.6
9 541.9
10 197.9
1 815.3
705.0
2.44
2.43
2.46
2.76
100.4
84.1
75.8
7.2
...
...
...
24.1
5.6
...
107.3
114.6
120.0
56.6
57.8
55.4
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
73.1
61.0
84.4
50.5
39.0
61.3
...
...
...
...
...
...
31.0
11 780.0
16.9
53.8
13.9
39.9

50 654.9
25 210.5
10 433.2
11 621.6
2 172.9
993.7
25 444.4
10 842.0
11 725.3
2 047.1
817.5
2.71
2.65
2.76
2.88
100.9
83.7
76.4
6.9
...
...
...
...
5.4
...
87.5
98.2
95.9
59.9
61.3
58.6
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
85.4
76.2
93.9
61.4
50.0
72.0
...
...
...
...
...
47.8
35.5
14 610.0
21.1
47.0
15.1
31.8

57 784.8
28 710.6
11 973.0
13 180.1
2 419.7
1 176.3
29 074.2
12 471.1
13 338.4
2 293.9
969.2
2.40
2.37
2.43
2.51
101.3
85.2
73.9
7.0
...
...
...
...
4.6
...
70.8
75.3
75.0
62.9
64.3
61.6
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
94.0
85.8
101.4
76.2
68.0
83.9
...
...
...
...
...
51.6
...
16 690.0
24.5
39.6
14.8
24.8

63 857.7
31 701.0
12 471.6
15 270.5
2 625.0
1 397.5
32 156.7
13 029.4
15 447.5
2 525.8
1 162.0
1.89
1.88
1.90
2.06
101.4
78.4
67.4
7.2
...
...
...
47.9
3.6
...
55.3
52.1
58.9
65.8
67.3
64.4
1.04
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
99.9
93.1
106.2
76.5
68.0
79.5
...
...
...
...
...
52.6
40.1
18 531.0
22.1
35.0
12.2
22.8

GENDER
Dependency Ratio (per 100)
100
80
60
40
20
0
1970

1985

1995

Total

2006

2007

2008

Age 0-14

2009

Age 65+

Maternal Mortality Rates
(per 100,000)
1200
1000
.
800
600
400
200
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Primary School
Enrolment (Gross)
(%)

Ratio

120

100.0
80.0

90

60.0

60

40.0

30

20.0
0.0

0

2005-08

2004

2000

1995

1985

1970

Male

Female

F/M

Economically active population
(per cent)
60
50
40
30
Male

20

Female

10
0
2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2000

1995

1985

1970

126

Total Population ('000)
Female Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Male Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Population Growth Rate -Total (%)
Female
Male
Rate of Natural Increase (%)
Sex Ratio (per 100 females)
Dependency Ratio - Total (%)
Age 0-14
Age 65+
Singulate Mean Age at Marriage (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (%)
Total Fertility Rate (per woman)
Maternal Mortality Rate (per 100,000)
Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Female (per 1,000)
, )
Male (p
(per 1,000)
Life Expectancy at Birth - Total (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Gender Ratio F/M
Average Size of Households-Overall
Urban
Rural
Households Headed by Women - Total (%)
Urban (%)
Rural (%)
Adult Illiteracy Rate - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Secondary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
School Life Expectancy - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Net ) (%)
Female (%)
Female School Teachers - Primary (%)
Secondary (%)
Economically active population ('000)
Female (as % of total)
Econ. active pop. in agric. (as % of Total)
Female (%)
Male (%)

EGYPTE

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement
2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

70 173.8
34 835.2
12 651.3
17 508.9
3 015.4
1 637.1
35 338.6
13 237.9
17 662.7
2 935.4
1 359.3
1.89
1.90
1.88
2.01
101.4
70.0
60.3
7.5
...
...
...
56.1
3.3
84.0
42.9
34.0
47.6
68.2
69.9
66.6
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
93.1
89.4
96.6
75.8
72.8
78.6
10.1
9.7
10.5
86.0
83.4
52.4
39.8
20 935.0
22.7
31.4
11.3
20.1

77 154.4
38 332.9
12 568.1
20 318.9
3 656.0
1 882.4
38 821.6
13 156.4
20 438.9
3 546.2
1 572.1
1.88
1.90
1.86
1.94
101.3
60.8
53.9
7.8
...
23.0
...
59.2
3.0
130.0
36.8
23.9
40.0
69.5
71.3
67.8
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
28.6
40.6
17.0
96.3
93.3
99.1
...
...
...
11.3
10.9
11.7
89.6
87.4
55.0
41.2
24 160.0
24.8
28.3
11.1
17.2

78 602.1
39 057.2
12 650.7
20 780.4
3 812.0
1 923.6
39 544.9
13 242.3
20 901.5
3 695.5
1 609.5
1.86
1.87
1.85
1.92
101.2
59.8
53.1
8.1
...
...
...
...
3.0
...
35.9
22.8
38.5
69.7
71.5
68.0
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
28.6
40.3
16.7
98.4
95.5
101.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
89.3
87.5
55.2
41.5
24 757.0
25.1
27.7
10.9
16.8

80 060.5
39 786.3
12 777.6
21 191.6
3 975.2
1 962.1
40 274.3
13 374.2
21 317.0
3 852.3
1 645.1
1.84
1.85
1.83
1.91
101.2
59.2
52.4
8.2
...
...
...
...
2.9
...
35.1
21.7
37.0
69.9
71.7
68.2
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
28.0
39.3
16.4
99.7
97.1
102.1
...
...
...
...
...
...
93.6
91.7
55.8
41.7
25 559.0
25.2
27.0
10.7
16.3

81 527.2
40 519.5
12 935.2
21 565.9
4 142.1
2 002.9
41 007.6
13 538.1
21 698.0
4 012.8
1 683.5
1.82
1.83
1.80
1.88
101.2
58.7
51.8
8.2
...
...
...
...
2.9
...
34.2
20.7
35.9
70.1
72.0
68.4
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
26 213.0
25.4
26.4
10.5
15.8

82 999.4
41 256.9
13 103.4
21 924.9
4 308.3
2 052.4
41 742.5
13 712.9
22 064.0
4 172.5
1 731.1
1.79
1.80
1.78
1.86
101.2
58.4
51.3
8.1
...
...
...
...
2.8
...
33.3
19.8
34.8
70.3
72.2
68.6
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
26 859.0
25.6
25.7
10.3
15.4

RUBRIQUE

GENRE
Population totale ('000)
Population féminine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Population masculine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Taux de croissance de la pop. -Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux d'accroissement naturel (%)
Rapport de masculinité (pour 100 femmes)
Taux de dépendence - Total (%)
0-14 ans
65+ ans
Age moyen au mariage (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Taux de prévalence contraceptive (%)
Indice synthétique de fécondité (par femme)
Taux de mortalité maternelle (pour 100000)
Taux de mortalité infantile (pour 1000)
Femme (pour 1000)
Homme (p
(pour 1000)
Espérance de vie à la naissance - Totale (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Ratio de genre F/H
Taille moyenne des ménages - Ensemble
Urbain
Rural
Femmes chefs de ménages - Total (%)
Urbain (%)
Rural (%)
Taux d'analphabétisme des adultes - Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au secondaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Espérance de vie scolaire - Totale (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux net de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Personnel enseignant féminin - primaire (%)
secondaire (%)
Population active totale ('000)
Femme (en % de la pop. tot.)
Participation de la pop. active agricole (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)

Taux de dépendance (pour 100)
2009
2008
2007
2006
1995
1985
1970

0

20
65+ ans

40

60

0-14 ans

80

100

Total

Taux de mortalité maternelle
(pour 100000)
1200
1000
.

800
600
400
200
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Taux bruts de scolarisation au primaire
Ratio

(%)
120

100.0

100

80.0

80

60.0

60
40.0

40

20.0

20

0.0

0
1970 1985 1995 2000 2004 200508
Total

Filles

F/G

Participation de la
population active (%)

Hommes
Femmes

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1970

1995

2003

2005

2007

2009

127

EGYPT

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970-74

1975-79

1980-84

1985-89

1990-94

1995

...
...
560
753
...
...
...
...
4.4
5.1
6.0
5.3
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
33.2
...
...
...
2.1
...
...
...
...
...
20.1
19.7
...
...
2.1
2.9
...
...
100.0
99.0
52.7
53.6
136.5
130.4
40.2
82.7
85.3
99.0
218.0
197.4
201.3
188.7
609 700.0 1 758 002.0 1 950 940.0 1 209 390.0
2 451.5
2 824.8
3 079.6
3 162.3
63.2
70.6
79.7
83.3
51.9
63.6
62.1
59.9
...
...
...
...
26.0
...
8.0
...
...
15.9
...
13.4
...
...
7.0
12.2
...
...
119.7
94.0
39.5
39.7
39.1
35.1
14.1
12.3
10.5
8.7

779
1.8
4.6
...
...
...
...
27.6
...
26.7
3.9
16.9
3.8
99.0
176.4
141.8
189.8
180 208.0
3 311.0
89.7
56.8
34.0
4.0
9.9
12.0
71.9
28.2
7.1

879
1.6
4.7
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
16.8
2.9
...
209.6
151.2
188.9
214 265.0
3 371.5
91.3
58.8
34.0
...
16.8
...
67.5
27.5
6.9

99 545.0
2.86
0.40
3.26
...
96.69
50.0
...
...
...
...
64.0
50.0
82.0
11.0
20.0
0.6
...
1 102.4
...
15 233.9

98 540.9
1.57
1.39
49.50
58.3
31.0
1.8

99 545.0
2.83
0.47
3.30
...
96.65
51.5
...
...
...
...
96.0
94.0
98.0
55.0
73.0
...
...
1 126.3
...
15 414.3

99 265.4
1.55
1.33
52.50
...
...
...

POVERTY
Per Capita GNI (US $)
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
2007

2005

2003

2001

1990

1980

1970

Daily per Capita Calorie Supply

2600
2500

.

2400
2300
2200
2100
2000
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

GNI Per Capita (US$)
Public Expenditure - on Health (as % of GDP)
on Education (as % of GNI)
Human Development Index Value (0 to 1)
Rank (out of 182)
Human Poverty Index (HPI-1) Value (%)
Population Below National Poverty Line (%)
Below Inter. Poverty Line ( $2 /day) (%)
Household Income Spent on Food (%)
Share of Income Held by Richest 10%
Share of Income Held by Poorest 10%
Share of Agriculture in Total GDP (%)
Growth of Value Added in Agriculture (%)
Access to Health Care (%)
Physician per 100,000 People
Nurse per 100,000 People
Hospital Beds per 100,000 People
Food Aid in Cereals ('000 MT)
Daily per Capita Calorie Supply
Daily per Capita Protein Supply (grams)
Daily per Capita Fat Supply (grams)
Incidence of Tuberculosis (per 100000 inhab.)
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of pop.)
Underweight Children Under Age 5 (%)
Low Birthweight Babies (% of births)
Under Five Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Birth Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Death Rate (p
(per 1,000)
, )

ENVIRONMENT
Land Area ('000 ha)
Arable Land (as % of land area)
Permanent Crops Use (as % land area)
Irrigated Land (% of land area)
Permanent Pasture Use (as % of land area)
Other Land Use (as % of land area)
Total Forest Area ('000 ha)
Annual Rate of Deforestation (%)
Annual Rate of Reforestation (%)
Natural Forest Cover ('000 ha)

Access to Safe Water
(% of total population)
80
70
60

.

50
40
30
20
10
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Fuelwood Production Trends (Non-coniferous) ,
(Mn m3)
14,000
12,000
10,000
8,000
6,000
4,000
2,000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

128

Nationally Protected Areas ('000 Km2)
Access to Safe Water (% of total population)
% Rural
% Urban
Access to Sanitation (% of population)
% Urban
Energy Consumption per Capita ('000 MT)
Emissions of Organic Water Pollutants (kg/day)
Charcoal Production ('000 MT)
Fuelwood Production (Coniferous) ('000 m3)
(Non-coniferous) ('000 m3)
Traditional Fuel Use (% total energy use)
CO2 Emissions - Total ('000 MT)
Per Capita (MT)
Kg per 2000 $ of GDP
Electricity Production (Billion kwh)
Annual Freshwater Withdrawals (m3)
Per Capita Cubic Meters (Internal)
Annual Internal Renew. Water Resources (m3)

...
...
...
...
...
97.30
...
...
...
...
...
93.0
93.0
94.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
97.30
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

99 545.0
2.32
0.18
2.50
...
97.04
...
...
...
...
...
90.0
61.0
93.0
70.0
95.0
...
...
893.5
...
12 225.9

69 993.2
1.42
1.41
29.32
...
39.0
1.8

99 545.0
2.31
0.28
2.58
...
96.69
...
...
...
...
...
95.0
90.0
100.0
80.0
100.0
...
...
995.7
...
13 674.8

86 124.4
1.53
1.40
37.70
...
34.5
1.8

EGYPTE

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement
2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

1 390
1.8
...
...
...
31.2
16.7
19.3
...
28.3
3.9
15.5
2.2
99.0
215.8
281.1
304.3
20 588.0
3 374.0
94.9
58.2
27.0
...
4.0
...
50.9
26.2
6.1

1 200
2.3
4.0
...
...
20.0
...
18.4
...
27.6
3.9
14.0
2.9
...
225.7
277.8
311.4
5 214.0
3 331.2
94.7
56.4
22.0
...
6.0
...
43.2
25.3
5.9

1 290
2.6
3.7
...
...
20.0
...
...
...
...
...
13.2
1.0
...
225.7
280.9
229.2
24 319.0
...
...
...
22.0
...
...
...
42.0
25.1
5.9

1 500
...
...
0.703
123
...
...
...
...
...
...
13.4
3.4
...
227.3
283.3
245.0
...
...
...
...
21.0
...
...
...
40.9
24.9
5.9

1 800
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
12.6
4.1
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
39.9
24.7
5.8

99 545.0
2.81
0.49
3.31
...
96.63
59.0
- 3.4
...
...
...
97.0
95.0
99.0
61.0
79.0
0.7
...
1 200.5
...
16 181.9

120 001.4
1.71
1.23
70.34
...
...
...

99 545.0
3.02
0.52
3.44
...
96.39
67.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1 281.6
...
16 948.6

160 836.7
2.08
1.37
111.69
...
...
...

99 545.0
3.03
0.52
3.55
...
96.38
68.6
...
...
...
...
98.0
98.0
99.0
66.0
85.0
...
...
1 296.9
...
17 058.9

152 721.4
1.94
1.22
118.41
...
...
...

99 545.0
3.03
0.52
3.55
...
96.38
70.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1 312.3
...
17 170.3

159 858.5
2.00
1.19
...
...
24.0
1.8

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1 328.0
...
17 283.0

164 809.4
2.02
1.14
...
...
...
...

2009

RUBRIQUE

PAUVRETE
...
RNB par habitant ($EU)
...
Dépenses publiques de santé en % du PIB
...
d'éducation en % du RNB
...
Valeur de l'Indice de dév. humain (de 0 à 1)
...
Rang (sur 182)
...
Valeur de l'Indice de pauvreté (IPH-1) (%)
...
Pop. sous le seuil national de pauvreté (%)
...
sous le seuil inter. de pauvreté (2$/J) (%)
... Revenu des ménages aux dépenses aliment. (%)
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus riches
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus pauvres
...
Part de l'agriculture dans PIB (%)
...
Croissance de la valeur ajoutée agricole (%)
...
Accès aux soins de santé (%)
...
Médécins pour 100000 habitants
...
Infirmières pour 100000 habitants
...
Lits d'hopitaux pour 100000 habitants
...
Aide alimentaire en céréales ('000 TM)
...
Apport journalier en calories par habitant
...
Apport journalier en protéines par habt (gr)
...
Apport journalier en lipides par habit. (gr)
...
Incidence de tuberculose (pour 100000)
...
Prévalence de la malnutrition (% de pop.)
...
Insuffisance pondérale des < 5 ans (%)
... Insuffisance pondérale néonatale (% des naiss.)
38.8
Taux de mortalité des < 5 ans (pour 1000)
24.4
Taux brut de natalité (pour 1000)
5.8
Taux brut de mortalité (pour
(p
1000))

RNB par habitant ($ EU)
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
1970

1980

1990

2001

2003

2005

2007

RNB par Habitant

Apport journalier en calories
par habitant
2600
2500

.

2400
2300
2200
2100
2000
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

ENVIRONNEMENT
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Superficie des terres ('000 ha)
Terres arables (% sup des terres)
Terres cultivables (% sup. des terres)
Terres irriguées (% sup. des terres)
Prairies & pâturages permanents (% de terres)
Autres terres (en % des superf. des terres)
Superficie totale des forêts ('000 ha)
Taux annuel de déforestation (%)
Taux annuel de reboisement (%)
Etendue des forêts naturelles ('000 ha)
2

Zones nationales protégées ('000 Km )
Accès à l'eau potable (% de la pop. totale)
Rural (% de la pop. totale)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Accès aux services d'assainis. (% de la pop.)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Energie consommée par habitant ('000 TM)
Emissions de polluants d'eau organiques (kg/j)
Production du charbon ('000 TM)
3

Prod. de bois de chauffe (Conifères) ('000 m )
3
(Non conifères) ('000 m )
Combustibles tradit. utilisés (% d'énergie tot.)
Emissions totales du CO2 ('000 TM)
Par habitant (TM)
Kg par PIB en $ de 2000
Production d'électricité (en md de Kwh)
Prélèvements annuels d'eau douce (m3)
mètre cube par habitant (intérieure)

Accès à l'eau potable
(% de la pop. totale)
80
70
60
.

50
40
30
20
10
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Prod. de bois de chauffe (non conifères)
(millions de m3)
14000
12000
10000
8000
6000
4000
2000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

3

Ressources d'eau intér. renouvelables (m /an)

129

EQUAT. GUINEA

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

290.8
148.4
56.5
69.5
15.1
7.3
142.4
56.0
66.7
13.7
6.0



1.45
96.0
76.3
68.2
8.1
...
...
...
...
5.7
...
162.0
145.0
177.2
39.7
41.3
38.2
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
89.5
78.0
101.2
13.8
8.0
24.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

238.1
122.1
53.5
47.3
11.4
7.2
116.0
53.2
45.1
10.2
5.6



1.09
95.0
100.8
69.3
7.9
...
...
...
...
5.7
...
153.1
140.7
163.6
41.2
42.8
39.7
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
140.0
...
...
13.8
5.0
20.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
10.9
...
...
...
...
...

220.4
113.1
48.3
43.9
10.6
7.5
107.2
48.1
42.3
9.5
5.6
2.56
2.47
2.65
1.54
94.8
98.9
71.4
7.8
...
...
...
...
5.7
...
143.3
131.3
152.9
42.8
44.4
41.3
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
159.7
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
87.0
33.3
77.0
31.0
47.1

314.2
160.0
55.7
81.1
14.7
8.5
154.2
55.6
79.1
13.2
6.7
6.40
6.27
6.52
2.61
96.4
67.4
72.9
7.9
...
...
...
...
5.8
...
132.4
121.5
141.5
44.7
46.3
43.1
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
114.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
123.0
33.3
76.4
30.9
45.5

379.3
192.5
73.6
95.1
15.7
9.2
186.8
73.8
92.8
14.2
7.2
3.34
3.29
3.39
2.91
97.0
76.1
75.3
7.8
...
...
...
...
5.9
...
122.3
113.4
130.7
46.7
48.4
45.2
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
147.0
32.7
74.1
29.9
44.2

452.0
228.9
97.4
107.1
16.9
9.9
223.1
97.7
104.7
15.2
7.8
3.39
3.35
3.43
2.66
97.5
89.0
77.4
7.8
...
...
...
...
5.9
...
114.0
106.2
121.0
48.3
49.9
46.7
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
142.3
134.4
...
30.4
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
174.0
32.8
71.8
29.3
42.5

GENDER
Dependency Ratio (per 100)
100
80
60
40
20
0
1970

1985

1995

Total

2006

2007

2008

Age 0-14

2009

Age 65+

Maternal Mortality Rates
(per 100,000)
1200
1000
.
800
600
400
200
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Primary School
Enrolment (Gross)
(%)

Ratio

120

100.0
80.0

90

60.0

60

40.0

30

20.0
0.0

0

2005-08

2004

2000

1995

1985

1970

Male

Female

F/M

Economically active population
(per cent)
60
50
40
30
Male

20

Female

10
0
2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2000

1995

1985

1970

130

Total Population ('000)
Female Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Male Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Population Growth Rate -Total (%)
Female
Male
Rate of Natural Increase (%)
Sex Ratio (per 100 females)
Dependency Ratio - Total (%)
Age 0-14
Age 65+
Singulate Mean Age at Marriage (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (%)
Total Fertility Rate (per woman)
Maternal Mortality Rate (per 100,000)
Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Female (per 1,000)
, )
Male (p
(per 1,000)
Life Expectancy at Birth - Total (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Gender Ratio F/M
Average Size of Households-Overall
Urban
Rural
Households Headed by Women - Total (%)
Urban (%)
Rural (%)
Adult Illiteracy Rate - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Secondary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
School Life Expectancy - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Net ) (%)
Female (%)
Female School Teachers - Primary (%)
Secondary (%)
Economically active population ('000)
Female (as % of total)
Econ. active pop. in agric. (as % of Total)
Female (%)
Male (%)

GUINÉE EQUAT.

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement
2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

528.9
267.3
116.3
125.5
18.2
10.5
261.6
116.9
122.3
16.2
8.4
3.00
2.97
3.03
2.38
97.9
91.1
79.2
7.8
...
...
...
...
5.8
880.0
108.1
97.3
111.9
48.7
50.2
47.3
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
13.0
19.5
6.6
102.6
100.2
105.0
29.8
22.3
37.2
9.5
8.8
10.2
68.8
...
23.7
4.4
206.0
33.5
69.9
30.1
39.8

608.8
307.2
128.1
148.2
20.6
10.7
301.6
129.1
144.6
18.3
8.7
2.72
2.69
2.75
2.26
98.2
83.3
79.1
7.6
...
...
...
...
5.5
680.0
102.8
88.5
102.9
49.3
50.6
48.0
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
95.0
92.7
97.3
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
238.0
33.6
67.2
29.8
37.8

625.4
315.5
130.4
152.5
21.0
10.7
309.9
131.4
148.9
18.8
8.7
2.69
2.66
2.72
2.27
98.2
81.8
78.9
7.5
...
...
...
...
5.4
...
101.6
86.9
101.1
49.6
50.8
48.3
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
244.0
33.6
67.2
29.5
37.3

642.2
323.9
132.8
156.6
21.4
10.8
318.3
133.9
153.1
19.2
8.8
2.65
2.62
2.69
2.28
98.3
80.4
78.7
7.4
...
...
...
...
5.4
...
100.2
85.3
99.3
49.9
51.1
48.7
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
98.7
96.2
101.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
53.3
52.7
34.4
...
247.0
32.8
66.4
28.7
37.7

659.2
332.4
135.3
160.5
21.9
10.8
326.8
136.4
157.2
19.6
8.8
2.61
2.58
2.64
2.30
98.3
79.2
78.4
7.4
...
...
...
...
5.3
...
98.7
83.6
97.5
50.3
51.4
49.1
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
254.0
32.7
65.7
28.3
37.4

676.3
340.9
137.9
164.2
22.3
10.8
335.4
139.1
161.1
20.0
8.8
2.56
2.53
2.59
2.32
98.4
78.2
78.1
7.4
...
...
...
...
5.3
...
97.1
81.9
95.7
50.6
51.8
49.5
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
261.0
32.6
65.1
28.4
36.8

RUBRIQUE

GENRE
Population totale ('000)
Population féminine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Population masculine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Taux de croissance de la pop. -Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux d'accroissement naturel (%)
Rapport de masculinité (pour 100 femmes)
Taux de dépendence - Total (%)
0-14 ans
65+ ans
Age moyen au mariage (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Taux de prévalence contraceptive (%)
Indice synthétique de fécondité (par femme)
Taux de mortalité maternelle (pour 100000)
Taux de mortalité infantile (pour 1000)
Femme (pour 1000)
Homme (p
(pour 1000)
Espérance de vie à la naissance - Totale (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Ratio de genre F/H
Taille moyenne des ménages - Ensemble
Urbain
Rural
Femmes chefs de ménages - Total (%)
Urbain (%)
Rural (%)
Taux d'analphabétisme des adultes - Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au secondaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Espérance de vie scolaire - Totale (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux net de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Personnel enseignant féminin - primaire (%)
secondaire (%)
Population active totale ('000)
Femme (en % de la pop. tot.)
Participation de la pop. active agricole (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)

Taux de dépendance (pour 100)
2009
2008
2007
2006
1995
1985
1970

0

20
65+ ans

40

60

0-14 ans

80

100

Total

Taux de mortalité maternelle
(pour 100000)
1200
1000
.

800
600
400
200
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Taux bruts de scolarisation au primaire
Ratio

(%)
120

100.0

100

80.0

80

60.0

60
40.0

40

20.0

20

0.0

0
1970 1985 1995 2000 2004 200508
Total

Filles

F/G

Participation de la
population active (%)

Hommes
Femmes

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1970

1995

2003

2005

2007

2009

131

EQUAT. GUINEA

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970-74

1975-79

1980-84

1985-89

1990-94

1995

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
8.6
3.9
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
34.6
23.2

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
112.3
...
300.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
35.5
22.0

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
62.9
1.8
...
...
...
...
7 036.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
235.6
45.9
21.5

316
...
1.7
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
62.6
0.9
...
...
...
292.6
2 921.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
10.4
216.9
49.4
20.3

319
1.5
1.7
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
49.5
13.9
...
29.1
45.3
...
3 408.0
...
...
...
145.0
...
...
...
200.2
45.5
18.3

332
1.9
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
51.6
14.3
...
21.7
...
...
530.0
...
...
...
155.0
...
...
...
197.3
44.6
17.9

...
...
...
...
...
21.78
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
22.32
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

2 805.0
4.63
3.57
...
3.71
22.86
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
447.0

69.8
0.24
0.44
0.02
...
102 766.8
26.0

2 805.0
4.63
3.57
...
3.71
23.40
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
47.0
...
28.0
...
...
...
...
447.0

118.0
0.32
0.63
0.02
0.0
77 611.9
26.0

2 805.0
4.63
3.57
...
3.71
23.95
1 799.3
...
...
...
...
95.0
100.0
88.0
54.0
61.0
...
...
...
...
447.0

1 060.4
2.43
4.49
0.02
...
70 080.9
26.0

2 805.0
4.63
3.57
...
3.71
24.49
1 784.2
...
...
...
...
43.0
42.0
45.0
51.0
60.0
...
...
...
...
447.0

1 059.9
2.35
3.93
0.02
...
...
...

POVERTY
Per Capita GNI (US $)
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
2…

2…

2…

2…

1…

1…

1…

Daily per Capita Calorie Supply

2600
2500

.

2400
2300
2200
2100
2000
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

GNI Per Capita (US$)
Public Expenditure - on Health (as % of GDP)
on Education (as % of GNI)
Human Development Index Value (0 to 1)
Rank (out of 182)
Human Poverty Index (HPI-1) Value (%)
Population Below National Poverty Line (%)
Below Inter. Poverty Line ( $2 /day) (%)
Household Income Spent on Food (%)
Share of Income Held by Richest 10%
Share of Income Held by Poorest 10%
Share of Agriculture in Total GDP (%)
Growth of Value Added in Agriculture (%)
Access to Health Care (%)
Physician per 100,000 People
Nurse per 100,000 People
Hospital Beds per 100,000 People
Food Aid in Cereals ('000 MT)
Daily per Capita Calorie Supply
Daily per Capita Protein Supply (grams)
Daily per Capita Fat Supply (grams)
Incidence of Tuberculosis (per 100000 inhab.)
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of pop.)
Underweight Children Under Age 5 (%)
Low Birthweight Babies (% of births)
Under Five Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Birth Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Death Rate (p
(per 1,000)
, )

ENVIRONMENT
Land Area ('000 ha)
Arable Land (as % of land area)
Permanent Crops Use (as % land area)
Irrigated Land (% of land area)
Permanent Pasture Use (as % of land area)
Other Land Use (as % of land area)
Total Forest Area ('000 ha)
Annual Rate of Deforestation (%)
Annual Rate of Reforestation (%)
Natural Forest Cover ('000 ha)

Access to Safe Water
(% of total population)
80
70
60

.

50
40
30
20
10
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Fuelwood Production Trends (Non-coniferous) ,
(Mn m3)
14,000
12,000
10,000
8,000
6,000
4,000
2,000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

132

Nationally Protected Areas ('000 Km2)
Access to Safe Water (% of total population)
% Rural
% Urban
Access to Sanitation (% of population)
% Urban
Energy Consumption per Capita ('000 MT)
Emissions of Organic Water Pollutants (kg/day)
Charcoal Production ('000 MT)
Fuelwood Production (Coniferous) ('000 m3)
(Non-coniferous) ('000 m3)
Traditional Fuel Use (% total energy use)
CO2 Emissions - Total ('000 MT)
Per Capita (MT)
Kg per 2000 $ of GDP
Electricity Production (Billion kwh)
Annual Freshwater Withdrawals (m3)
Per Capita Cubic Meters (Internal)
Annual Internal Renew. Water Resources (m3)

GUINÉE EQUAT.

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement
2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

1 250
1.3
1.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
7.9
- 7.5
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
224.0
...
18.6
...
185.2
40.5
16.7

5 210
1.1
...
...
...
32.4
...
...
...
...
...
1.7
32.2
...
...
...
220.0
...
...
...
...
270.0
...
...
...
174.5
38.4
15.7

6 870
1.7
...
...
...
32.3
...
...
...
...
...
1.5
10.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
263.0
...
...
...
172.1
38.2
15.5

9 710
...
...
0.719
118
...
...
...
...
...
...
1.3
- 4.1
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
256.0
...
...
...
169.5
38.1
15.2

14 980
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1.0
16.5
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
166.9
38.0
15.0

2 805.0
4.63
3.57
...
3.71
27.19
1 708.3
0.6
...
...
...
43.0
42.0
45.0
51.0
60.0
...
...
...
...
447.0

2 053.6
3.88
1.74
0.02
...
...
...

2 805.0
4.63
3.21
...
3.71
30.27
1 632.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
447.0

4 893.7
8.04
1.24
0.03
...
...
...

2 805.0
4.63
3.21
...
3.71
30.81
1 616.7
...
...
...
...
43.0
42.0
45.0
51.0
60.0
...
...
...
...
447.0

4 900.0
7.84
1.18
0.03
...
...
...

2 805.0
4.63
3.21
...
3.71
31.35
1 601.5
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
187.2

4 559.0
7.10
0.89
...
...
49 904.0
26.0

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
8.5
...
188.8

4 557.2
6.91
0.80
...
...
...
...

2009

RUBRIQUE

PAUVRETE
...
RNB par habitant ($EU)
...
Dépenses publiques de santé en % du PIB
...
d'éducation en % du RNB
...
Valeur de l'Indice de dév. humain (de 0 à 1)
...
Rang (sur 182)
...
Valeur de l'Indice de pauvreté (IPH-1) (%)
...
Pop. sous le seuil national de pauvreté (%)
...
sous le seuil inter. de pauvreté (2$/J) (%)
... Revenu des ménages aux dépenses aliment. (%)
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus riches
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus pauvres
...
Part de l'agriculture dans PIB (%)
...
Croissance de la valeur ajoutée agricole (%)
...
Accès aux soins de santé (%)
...
Médécins pour 100000 habitants
...
Infirmières pour 100000 habitants
...
Lits d'hopitaux pour 100000 habitants
...
Aide alimentaire en céréales ('000 TM)
...
Apport journalier en calories par habitant
...
Apport journalier en protéines par habt (gr)
...
Apport journalier en lipides par habit. (gr)
...
Incidence de tuberculose (pour 100000)
...
Prévalence de la malnutrition (% de pop.)
...
Insuffisance pondérale des < 5 ans (%)
... Insuffisance pondérale néonatale (% des naiss.)
164.0
Taux de mortalité des < 5 ans (pour 1000)
37.9
Taux brut de natalité (pour 1000)
14.7
Taux brut de mortalité (pour
(p
1000))

RNB par habitant ($ EU)
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
1970

1980

1990

2001

2003

2005

2007

RNB par Habitant

Apport journalier en calories
par habitant
2600
2500

.

2400
2300
2200
2100
2000
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

ENVIRONNEMENT
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Superficie des terres ('000 ha)
Terres arables (% sup des terres)
Terres cultivables (% sup. des terres)
Terres irriguées (% sup. des terres)
Prairies & pâturages permanents (% de terres)
Autres terres (en % des superf. des terres)
Superficie totale des forêts ('000 ha)
Taux annuel de déforestation (%)
Taux annuel de reboisement (%)
Etendue des forêts naturelles ('000 ha)
2

Zones nationales protégées ('000 Km )
Accès à l'eau potable (% de la pop. totale)
Rural (% de la pop. totale)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Accès aux services d'assainis. (% de la pop.)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Energie consommée par habitant ('000 TM)
Emissions de polluants d'eau organiques (kg/j)
Production du charbon ('000 TM)
3

Prod. de bois de chauffe (Conifères) ('000 m )
3
(Non conifères) ('000 m )
Combustibles tradit. utilisés (% d'énergie tot.)
Emissions totales du CO2 ('000 TM)
Par habitant (TM)
Kg par PIB en $ de 2000
Production d'électricité (en md de Kwh)
Prélèvements annuels d'eau douce (m3)
mètre cube par habitant (intérieure)

Accès à l'eau potable
(% de la pop. totale)
80
70
60
.

50
40
30
20
10
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Prod. de bois de chauffe (non conifères)
(millions de m3)
14000
12000
10000
8000
6000
4000
2000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

3

Ressources d'eau intér. renouvelables (m /an)

133

ERITREA

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

1 847.0
929.0
414.5
424.0
63.9
26.6
918.0
421.7
419.5
56.9
19.9
2.64
2.60
2.68
2.62
98.8
91.5
86.7
4.8
...
...
...
...
6.6
...
135.7
122.1
148.8
43.3
45.2
41.5
1.09
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

2 115.4
1 063.7
475.9
483.6
74.2
30.0
1 051.7
483.8
477.9
66.9
23.1
2.91
2.99
2.83
2.66
98.9
91.9
87.0
4.8
...
...
...
...
6.5
...
130.4
124.3
134.5
44.5
46.5
42.7
1.09
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

2 468.9
1 253.0
573.4
535.2
95.6
48.8
1 215.9
589.7
488.2
93.7
44.3
2.94
3.10
2.77
2.39
97.0
103.6
95.9
7.7
...
...
...
...
6.5
...
121.6
111.9
128.3
44.0
46.1
42.2
1.09
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

2 806.6
1 429.2
664.9
616.8
100.7
46.8
1 377.4
677.0
568.6
93.9
37.9
2.58
2.60
2.55
2.24
96.4
103.4
97.2
6.1
...
...
...
...
6.4
...
110.3
104.0
113.8
44.8
47.0
42.9
1.10
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

3 157.9
1 609.0
728.5
723.9
109.1
47.6
1 548.9
734.3
681.7
97.7
35.1
1.44
1.49
1.39
2.47
96.3
95.8
90.7
5.1
...
...
...
...
6.2
...
97.7
93.6
98.5
48.1
50.3
46.0
1.09
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
23.0
22.0
23.0
15.0
14.0
15.0
...
...
...
...
...
45.3
...
...
...
...
...
...

3 206.1
1 642.4
751.0
726.3
116.1
49.0
1 563.7
752.3
682.7
96.6
32.1
0.79
0.85
0.73
2.62
95.2
97.7
93.2
5.0
...
...
...
8.0
5.9
...
81.0
73.6
87.2
52.3
54.6
49.9
1.09
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
55.8
49.9
61.7
18.9
16.2
22.3
...
...
...
30.8
29.3
34.7
12.1
1 200.0
42.1
78.7
35.1
43.5

GENDER
Dependency Ratio (per 100)
100
80
60
40
20
0
1970

1985

1995

Total

2006

2007

2008

Age 0-14

2009

Age 65+

Maternal Mortality Rates
(per 100,000)
1200
1000
.
800
600
400
200
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Primary School
Enrolment (Gross)
(%)

Ratio

120

100.0
80.0

90

60.0

60

40.0

30

20.0
0.0

0

2005-08

2004

2000

1995

1985

1970

Male

Female

F/M

Economically active population
(per cent)
60
50
40
30
Male

20

Female

10
0
2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2000

1995

1985

1970

134

Total Population ('000)
Female Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Male Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Population Growth Rate -Total (%)
Female
Male
Rate of Natural Increase (%)
Sex Ratio (per 100 females)
Dependency Ratio - Total (%)
Age 0-14
Age 65+
Singulate Mean Age at Marriage (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (%)
Total Fertility Rate (per woman)
Maternal Mortality Rate (per 100,000)
Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Female (per 1,000)
, )
Male (p
(per 1,000)
Life Expectancy at Birth - Total (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Gender Ratio F/M
Average Size of Households-Overall
Urban
Rural
Households Headed by Women - Total (%)
Urban (%)
Rural (%)
Adult Illiteracy Rate - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Secondary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
School Life Expectancy - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Net ) (%)
Female (%)
Female School Teachers - Primary (%)
Secondary (%)
Economically active population ('000)
Female (as % of total)
Econ. active pop. in agric. (as % of Total)
Female (%)
Male (%)

ERYTHRÉE

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement
2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

3 657.3
1 867.8
814.3
863.8
135.4
54.3
1 789.5
820.9
827.9
105.7
34.2
3.54
3.47
3.62
2.79
95.8
89.1
86.6
4.6
...
...
...
...
5.4
630.0
66.5
56.0
78.2
55.9
58.3
53.5
1.09
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
57.6
51.7
63.4
24.6
20.2
29.1
4.5
3.9
5.1
37.9
35.1
37.4
11.6
1 411.0
41.5
77.0
33.9
43.1

4 473.1
2 279.3
929.6
1 125.2
158.5
65.0
2 193.8
942.8
1 091.5
115.5
40.9
3.79
3.74
3.85
2.91
96.2
79.3
78.7
4.3
...
...
...
...
4.9
450.0
57.6
46.1
70.4
58.4
60.6
55.9
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
67.9
60.5
75.2
35.1
26.1
44.2
5.5
4.6
6.5
49.8
45.9
39.9
11.3
1 788.0
41.4
75.4
33.2
42.3

4 631.0
2 358.3
957.0
1 170.2
162.0
67.8
2 272.7
971.6
1 138.3
116.7
42.6
3.47
3.41
3.53
2.91
96.4
78.7
78.4
4.7
...
...
...
...
4.8
...
56.2
44.7
68.9
58.8
61.0
56.3
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
64.1
57.3
70.9
36.1
27.1
45.1
...
...
...
47.9
44.5
42.7
11.0
1 857.0
41.2
75.1
33.0
42.2

4 781.2
2 433.1
985.2
1 210.5
165.0
70.7
2 348.0
1 001.3
1 181.0
117.6
44.3
3.19
3.12
3.26
2.88
96.5
78.4
78.4
4.8
...
...
...
...
4.7
...
54.8
43.3
67.3
59.2
61.4
56.8
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
56.9
51.7
62.1
34.1
28.2
40.0
...
...
...
42.7
39.9
47.9
11.8
1 911.0
41.1
74.8
32.7
42.1

4 926.9
2 505.5
1 014.2
1 247.9
167.6
73.8
2 421.4
1 031.7
1 221.2
118.3
46.1
3.00
2.93
3.08
2.85
96.6
78.4
78.6
4.7
...
...
...
...
4.6
...
53.5
42.4
65.7
59.6
61.8
57.2
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1 968.0
41.0
74.4
32.5
42.0

5 073.3
2 578.1
1 043.9
1 285.2
169.6
77.1
2 495.2
1 062.7
1 261.2
119.1
47.9
2.93
2.86
3.00
2.81
96.8
78.5
78.9
4.5
...
...
...
...
4.5
...
52.3
41.4
64.2
60.0
62.2
57.6
1.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
2 025.0
40.9
74.1
32.3
41.8

RUBRIQUE

GENRE
Population totale ('000)
Population féminine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Population masculine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Taux de croissance de la pop. -Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux d'accroissement naturel (%)
Rapport de masculinité (pour 100 femmes)
Taux de dépendence - Total (%)
0-14 ans
65+ ans
Age moyen au mariage (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Taux de prévalence contraceptive (%)
Indice synthétique de fécondité (par femme)
Taux de mortalité maternelle (pour 100000)
Taux de mortalité infantile (pour 1000)
Femme (pour 1000)
Homme (p
(pour 1000)
Espérance de vie à la naissance - Totale (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Ratio de genre F/H
Taille moyenne des ménages - Ensemble
Urbain
Rural
Femmes chefs de ménages - Total (%)
Urbain (%)
Rural (%)
Taux d'analphabétisme des adultes - Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au secondaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Espérance de vie scolaire - Totale (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux net de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Personnel enseignant féminin - primaire (%)
secondaire (%)
Population active totale ('000)
Femme (en % de la pop. tot.)
Participation de la pop. active agricole (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)

Taux de dépendance (pour 100)
2009
2008
2007
2006
1995
1985
1970

0

20
65+ ans

40

60

0-14 ans

80

100

Total

Taux de mortalité maternelle
(pour 100000)
1200
1000
.

800
600
400
200
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Taux bruts de scolarisation au primaire
Ratio

(%)
120

100.0

100

80.0

80

60.0

60
40.0

40

20.0

20

0.0

0
1970 1985 1995 2000 2004 200508
Total

Filles

F/G

Participation de la
population active (%)

Hommes
Femmes

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1970

1995

2003

2005

2007

2009

135

ERITREA

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970-74

1975-79

1980-84

1985-89

1990-94

1995

...
...
1.5
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
45.9
19.2

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
44.2
19.5

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
170.6
42.0
19.8

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
151.9
40.7
16.4

...
1.1
...
...
...
...
53.0
...
...
...
...
24.4
36.7
...
2.0
...
...
135 607.0
1 558.4
50.4
22.7
77.0
67.0
41.0
13.7
125.4
39.1
13.2

193
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
20.9
- 11.7
...
...
...
...
54 856.0
1 561.8
50.2
21.6
78.0
70.0
43.7
...
119.8
38.8
12.6

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
10.82
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

10 100.0
4.33
0.02
0.22
68.98
10.80
1 603.0
...
...
...
...
43.0
39.0
62.0
3.0
20.0
...
...
112.8
...
1 794.3

987.2
0.31
1.66
0.13
...
...
...

10 100.0
4.34
0.02
0.22
68.98
10.84
1 598.5
...
...
...
...
46.0
42.0
64.0
3.0
19.0
...
...
116.9
...
1 850.2

1 069.3
0.33
1.75
0.15
...
...
...

POVERTY
Per Capita GNI (US $)
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
2007

2005

2003

2001

1990

1980

1970

Daily per Capita Calorie Supply

2600
2500

.

2400
2300
2200
2100
2000
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

GNI Per Capita (US$)
Public Expenditure - on Health (as % of GDP)
on Education (as % of GNI)
Human Development Index Value (0 to 1)
Rank (out of 182)
Human Poverty Index (HPI-1) Value (%)
Population Below National Poverty Line (%)
Below Inter. Poverty Line ( $2 /day) (%)
Household Income Spent on Food (%)
Share of Income Held by Richest 10%
Share of Income Held by Poorest 10%
Share of Agriculture in Total GDP (%)
Growth of Value Added in Agriculture (%)
Access to Health Care (%)
Physician per 100,000 People
Nurse per 100,000 People
Hospital Beds per 100,000 People
Food Aid in Cereals ('000 MT)
Daily per Capita Calorie Supply
Daily per Capita Protein Supply (grams)
Daily per Capita Fat Supply (grams)
Incidence of Tuberculosis (per 100000 inhab.)
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of pop.)
Underweight Children Under Age 5 (%)
Low Birthweight Babies (% of births)
Under Five Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Birth Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Death Rate (p
(per 1,000)
, )

ENVIRONMENT
Land Area ('000 ha)
Arable Land (as % of land area)
Permanent Crops Use (as % land area)
Irrigated Land (% of land area)
Permanent Pasture Use (as % of land area)
Other Land Use (as % of land area)
Total Forest Area ('000 ha)
Annual Rate of Deforestation (%)
Annual Rate of Reforestation (%)
Natural Forest Cover ('000 ha)

Access to Safe Water
(% of total population)
80
70
60

.

50
40
30
20
10
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Fuelwood Production Trends (Non-coniferous) ,
(Mn m3)
14,000
12,000
10,000
8,000
6,000
4,000
2,000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

136

Nationally Protected Areas ('000 Km2)
Access to Safe Water (% of total population)
% Rural
% Urban
Access to Sanitation (% of population)
% Urban
Energy Consumption per Capita ('000 MT)
Emissions of Organic Water Pollutants (kg/day)
Charcoal Production ('000 MT)
Fuelwood Production (Coniferous) ('000 m3)
(Non-coniferous) ('000 m3)
Traditional Fuel Use (% total energy use)
CO2 Emissions - Total ('000 MT)
Per Capita (MT)
Kg per 2000 $ of GDP
Electricity Production (Billion kwh)
Annual Freshwater Withdrawals (m3)
Per Capita Cubic Meters (Internal)
Annual Internal Renew. Water Resources (m3)

ERYTHRÉE

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement
2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

170
3.0
4.4
...
...
42.9
...
...
...
...
...
14.0
- 37.3
...
...
...
...
235 967.0
1 515.6
49.4
23.6
85.0
...
...
...
95.9
38.3
10.3

180
1.7
2.0
...
...
36.0
...
...
...
...
...
20.8
64.1
...
...
...
...
91 377.0
1 570.4
46.4
32.4
92.0
66.0
...
...
80.5
38.2
9.1

210
1.7
...
...
...
35.9
...
...
...
...
...
23.1
11.7
...
...
...
...
10 000.0
...
...
...
94.0
...
...
...
78.0
37.9
8.9

270
...
...
0.472
165
...
...
...
...
...
...
25.6
- 2.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
95.0
...
...
...
75.8
37.5
8.7

300
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
28.7
1.1
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
73.6
37.0
8.5

10 100.0
5.54
0.03
0.21
68.98
9.84
1 576.0
0.3
...
...
...
54.0
50.0
70.0
4.0
16.0
0.2
...
145.6
...
2 244.3

641.3
0.18
0.91
0.21
...
...
...

10 100.0
6.14
0.02
0.21
68.32
10.14
1 554.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
163.4
...
2 447.9

718.4
0.16
0.90
0.29
...
...
...

10 100.0
6.44
0.02
0.21
68.32
9.84
1 554.0
...
...
...
...
60.0
57.0
74.0
5.0
14.0
...
...
167.1
...
2 486.2

744.4
0.16
0.94
0.27
...
...
...

10 100.0
6.34
0.02
0.21
68.32
9.98
1 549.6
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
170.9
...
2 525.1

765.2
0.16
0.95
...
0.6
628.4
2.8

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
174.8
...
2 564.8

795.8
0.16
1.10
...
...
...
...

2009

RUBRIQUE

PAUVRETE
...
RNB par habitant ($EU)
...
Dépenses publiques de santé en % du PIB
...
d'éducation en % du RNB
...
Valeur de l'Indice de dév. humain (de 0 à 1)
...
Rang (sur 182)
...
Valeur de l'Indice de pauvreté (IPH-1) (%)
...
Pop. sous le seuil national de pauvreté (%)
...
sous le seuil inter. de pauvreté (2$/J) (%)
... Revenu des ménages aux dépenses aliment. (%)
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus riches
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus pauvres
...
Part de l'agriculture dans PIB (%)
...
Croissance de la valeur ajoutée agricole (%)
...
Accès aux soins de santé (%)
...
Médécins pour 100000 habitants
...
Infirmières pour 100000 habitants
...
Lits d'hopitaux pour 100000 habitants
...
Aide alimentaire en céréales ('000 TM)
...
Apport journalier en calories par habitant
...
Apport journalier en protéines par habt (gr)
...
Apport journalier en lipides par habit. (gr)
...
Incidence de tuberculose (pour 100000)
...
Prévalence de la malnutrition (% de pop.)
...
Insuffisance pondérale des < 5 ans (%)
... Insuffisance pondérale néonatale (% des naiss.)
71.6
Taux de mortalité des < 5 ans (pour 1000)
36.4
Taux brut de natalité (pour 1000)
8.3
Taux brut de mortalité (pour
(p
1000))

RNB par habitant ($ EU)
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
1970

1980

1990

2001

2003

2005

2007

RNB par Habitant

Apport journalier en calories
par habitant
2600
2500

.

2400
2300
2200
2100
2000
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

ENVIRONNEMENT
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Superficie des terres ('000 ha)
Terres arables (% sup des terres)
Terres cultivables (% sup. des terres)
Terres irriguées (% sup. des terres)
Prairies & pâturages permanents (% de terres)
Autres terres (en % des superf. des terres)
Superficie totale des forêts ('000 ha)
Taux annuel de déforestation (%)
Taux annuel de reboisement (%)
Etendue des forêts naturelles ('000 ha)
2

Zones nationales protégées ('000 Km )
Accès à l'eau potable (% de la pop. totale)
Rural (% de la pop. totale)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Accès aux services d'assainis. (% de la pop.)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Energie consommée par habitant ('000 TM)
Emissions de polluants d'eau organiques (kg/j)
Production du charbon ('000 TM)
3

Prod. de bois de chauffe (Conifères) ('000 m )
3
(Non conifères) ('000 m )
Combustibles tradit. utilisés (% d'énergie tot.)
Emissions totales du CO2 ('000 TM)
Par habitant (TM)
Kg par PIB en $ de 2000
Production d'électricité (en md de Kwh)
Prélèvements annuels d'eau douce (m3)
mètre cube par habitant (intérieure)

Accès à l'eau potable
(% de la pop. totale)
80
70
60
.

50
40
30
20
10
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Prod. de bois de chauffe (non conifères)
(millions de m3)
14000
12000
10000
8000
6000
4000
2000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

3

Ressources d'eau intér. renouvelables (m /an)

137

ETHIOPIA

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

28 948.2
14 596.5
6 389.9
6 693.4
1 073.4
439.9
14 351.7
6 369.6
6 642.4
1 004.8
335.0



2.61
98.3
87.8
86.8
5.0
...
...
...
...
6.8
...
143.4
114.0
172.5
42.9
44.5
41.4
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
14.4
9.0
19.9
3.6
2.0
6.0
...
...
...
...
...
12.4
16.0
...
...
...
...
...

32 944.5
16 606.2
7 338.3
7 544.3
1 216.7
507.0
16 338.3
7 336.1
7 458.0
1 136.0
408.3
2.05
2.04
2.06
2.63
98.4
89.8
88.1
5.2
...
...
...
...
6.8
...
136.4
116.6
157.0
44.2
45.7
42.7
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
20.8
13.3
27.0
5.7
3.0
8.0
...
...
...
...
...
15.4
...
...
...
...
...
...

35 408.6
17 843.9
7 881.0
8 108.2
1 306.2
552.0
17 564.7
7 896.4
7 995.5
1 218.6
457.5
1.86
1.85
1.86
2.62
98.4
90.1
88.4
5.3
...
...
...
...
6.8
2 000.0
138.1
111.0
154.0
43.9
45.4
42.4
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
37.4
26.8
48.0
9.4
6.0
11.7
...
...
...
...
...
21.9
...
14 833.0
41.1
88.9
36.4
52.5

41 049.5
20 685.5
9 135.7
9 414.3
1 509.9
635.5
20 364.0
9 163.6
9 271.7
1 410.7
528.7
3.24
3.23
3.24
2.76
98.4
90.2
88.4
5.2
...
...
...
...
7.0
...
134.2
106.0
145.3
44.4
45.9
43.0
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
37.7
30.2
45.0
12.6
9.9
15.0
...
...
...
...
...
25.6
...
17 284.0
41.3
87.3
36.0
51.3

48 292.4
24 327.3
10 859.4
10 974.7
1 756.0
749.2
23 965.1
10 906.0
10 808.4
1 641.1
622.7
3.33
3.32
3.34
2.98
98.5
92.0
88.8
5.3
...
...
...
4.3
7.1
...
120.7
103.4
132.1
47.0
48.5
45.5
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
32.7
26.2
39.0
14.2
12.0
15.6
...
...
...
...
...
23.9
9.8
21 059.0
42.3
85.8
36.3
49.5

56 982.9
28 689.1
13 012.7
12 752.1
2 050.7
887.8
28 293.8
13 091.6
12 557.4
1 918.3
739.8
3.12
3.11
3.14
2.97
98.6
94.8
89.3
5.3
...
...
...
...
6.8
...
108.2
96.6
120.8
49.2
50.8
47.6
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
37.5
26.9
48.0
11.6
10.1
12.8
...
...
...
27.9
21.4
27.6
10.4
24 306.0
43.6
84.4
36.3
48.0

GENDER
Dependency Ratio (per 100)
100
80
60
40
20
0
1970

1985

1995

Total

2006

2007

2008

Age 0-14

2009

Age 65+

Maternal Mortality Rates
(per 100,000)
1200
1000
.
800
600
400
200
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Primary School
Enrolment (Gross)
(%)

Ratio

120

100.0
80.0

90

60.0

60

40.0

30

20.0
0.0

0

2005-08

2004

2000

1995

1985

1970

Male

Female

F/M

Economically active population
(per cent)
60
50
40
30
Male

20

Female

10
0
2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2000

1995

1985

1970

138

Total Population ('000)
Female Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Male Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Population Growth Rate -Total (%)
Female
Male
Rate of Natural Increase (%)
Sex Ratio (per 100 females)
Dependency Ratio - Total (%)
Age 0-14
Age 65+
Singulate Mean Age at Marriage (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (%)
Total Fertility Rate (per woman)
Maternal Mortality Rate (per 100,000)
Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Female (per 1,000)
, )
Male (p
(per 1,000)
Life Expectancy at Birth - Total (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Gender Ratio F/M
Average Size of Households-Overall
Urban
Rural
Households Headed by Women - Total (%)
Urban (%)
Rural (%)
Adult Illiteracy Rate - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Secondary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
School Life Expectancy - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Net ) (%)
Female (%)
Female School Teachers - Primary (%)
Secondary (%)
Economically active population ('000)
Female (as % of total)
Econ. active pop. in agric. (as % of Total)
Female (%)
Male (%)

ETHIOPIE

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement
2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

65 514.6
32 968.0
14 955.1
14 618.7
2 359.3
1 048.7
32 546.7
15 076.8
14 390.4
2 204.0
880.3
2.67
2.66
2.68
2.79
98.7
95.3
88.2
5.4
...
...
...
8.1
6.2
871.0
93.9
87.1
111.1
51.4
53.0
49.9
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
55.1
43.3
66.9
14.4
11.6
17.3
4.1
3.2
5.0
40.5
34.2
29.4
...
29 199.0
45.3
82.3
36.4
45.8

74 660.9
37 544.3
16 647.8
16 985.0
2 722.5
1 243.0
37 116.6
16 812.1
16 785.2
2 513.4
1 047.7
2.60
2.58
2.61
2.68
98.9
91.9
84.4
5.5
...
20.9
25.7
14.7
5.6
673.0
83.2
78.8
101.8
53.8
55.2
52.3
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
81.6
73.8
89.4
24.9
18.6
31.2
6.3
5.4
7.2
62.3
58.7
...
...
35 157.0
47.0
79.9
36.3
43.7

76 627.7
38 526.8
16 969.7
17 534.9
2 800.8
1 286.2
38 100.9
17 143.6
17 345.0
2 581.3
1 085.0
2.60
2.58
2.62
2.67
98.9
90.9
83.4
5.4
...
...
...
...
5.5
...
81.4
77.3
99.9
54.3
55.7
52.8
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
87.4
80.8
93.9
28.9
22.3
35.5
6.8
6.0
7.6
68.3
65.2
...
...
36 216.0
47.2
79.4
36.1
43.3

78 646.1
39 534.7
17 288.0
18 110.7
2 881.1
1 330.9
39 111.4
17 471.8
17 931.4
2 651.9
1 123.6
2.60
2.58
2.62
2.66
98.9
89.8
82.3
5.4
...
...
...
...
5.4
...
79.8
75.8
98.0
54.7
56.2
53.3
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
95.1
88.8
101.3
32.1
25.7
38.4
...
...
...
74.8
71.7
...
...
37 670.0
47.3
78.9
35.8
43.1

80 713.4
40 566.7
17 604.0
18 709.0
2 964.0
1 377.4
40 146.7
17 798.0
18 540.9
2 725.7
1 163.8
2.59
2.58
2.61
2.64
99.0
88.7
81.2
5.5
...
...
...
...
5.3
...
78.1
74.1
96.2
55.2
56.7
53.8
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
97.8
92.3
103.2
33.4
28.1
38.8
...
...
...
78.2
75.4
39.1
18.9
39 060.0
47.5
78.4
35.7
42.7

82 824.7
41 620.7
17 919.1
19 324.9
3 050.6
1 426.0
41 204.1
18 123.1
19 168.4
2 803.4
1 205.9
2.58
2.56
2.60
2.62
99.0
87.6
80.0
5.5
...
...
...
...
5.2
...
76.5
72.5
94.4
55.7
57.1
54.3
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
40 481.0
47.7
77.9
35.4
42.4

RUBRIQUE

GENRE
Population totale ('000)
Population féminine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Population masculine - Totale ('000)
0-14 ans
15-49 ans
50-64 ans
65+ ans
Taux de croissance de la pop. -Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux d'accroissement naturel (%)
Rapport de masculinité (pour 100 femmes)
Taux de dépendence - Total (%)
0-14 ans
65+ ans
Age moyen au mariage (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Taux de prévalence contraceptive (%)
Indice synthétique de fécondité (par femme)
Taux de mortalité maternelle (pour 100000)
Taux de mortalité infantile (pour 1000)
Femme (pour 1000)
Homme (p
(pour 1000)
Espérance de vie à la naissance - Totale (ans)
Femme (ans)
Homme (ans)
Ratio de genre F/H
Taille moyenne des ménages - Ensemble
Urbain
Rural
Femmes chefs de ménages - Total (%)
Urbain (%)
Rural (%)
Taux d'analphabétisme des adultes - Total (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux brut de scolarisation au secondaire (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Espérance de vie scolaire - Totale (%)
Filles (%)
Garçons (%)
Taux net de scolarisation au primaire (%)
Filles (%)
Personnel enseignant féminin - primaire (%)
secondaire (%)
Population active totale ('000)
Femme (en % de la pop. tot.)
Participation de la pop. active agricole (%)
Femme (%)
Homme (%)

Taux de dépendance (pour 100)
2009
2008
2007
2006
1995
1985
1970

0

20
65+ ans

40

60

0-14 ans

80

100

Total

Taux de mortalité maternelle
(pour 100000)
1200
1000
.

800
600
400
200
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Taux bruts de scolarisation au primaire
Ratio

(%)
120

100.0

100

80.0

80

60.0

60
40.0

40

20.0

20

0.0

0
1970 1985 1995 2000 2004 200508
Total

Filles

F/G

Participation de la
population active (%)

Hommes
Femmes

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1970

1995

2003

2005

2007

2009

139

ETHIOPIA

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970-74

1975-79

1980-84

1985-89

1990-94

1995

...
...
2.4
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1.2
...
28.5
54 100.0
1 507.3
48.7
22.0
...
...
...
...
...
46.5
20.2

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1.2
...
28.6
111 442.0
1 757.8
54.9
24.0
...
...
...
...
...
46.4
20.2

197
...
3.3
...
...
...
...
...
...
27.5
3.7
50.9
14.0
...
1.3
18.6
30.0
868 932.0
1 572.5
47.5
21.9
...
...
37.3
10.4
236.0
47.5
20.4

253
...
3.5
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
50.9
18.2
45.0
3.1
7.3
...
538 409.0
1 570.6
45.7
22.5
...
...
...
...
215.8
48.2
18.7

176
1.2
4.6
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
54.8
6.1
55.0
2.5
6.3
16.4
727 358.0
1 478.1
41.9
16.5
215.0
71.0
47.7
16.0
191.7
46.7
16.8

164
1.3
4.0
...
...
...
...
84.6
...
33.8
3.0
58.3
3.4
...
...
6.1
14.9
491 482.0
1 506.1
43.5
15.7
229.0
69.0
67.0
...
186.4
46.1
16.4

...
...
...
...
...
33.65
...
...
...
...
...
6.0
3.0
61.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
33.93
...
...
...
...
...
8.0
21.0
58.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

110 100.0
10.90
0.63
0.15
41.05
34.11
...
...
...
...
...
4.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
1 771.2
2 116.8
58 404.4

2 113.8
0.05
0.39
0.89
...
...
...

110 100.0
9.90
0.61
0.15
40.83
54.77
...
...
...
...
...
10.0
42.0
93.0
...
...
...
...
2 109.7
2 416.7
66 679.1

2 981.1
0.06
0.50
1.28
...
...
...

100 000.0
9.93
0.54
0.29
20.00
54.98
14 550.4
...
...
...
...
27.0
20.0
90.0
10.0
19.0
0.3
...
2 482.6
5 494.7
73 055.7

2 193.2
0.04
0.36
1.40
...
...
...

100 000.0
9.94
0.56
0.29
20.00
55.09
14 409.5
...
...
...
...
20.0
10.0
79.0
5.0
21.0
...
...
2 554.9
5 612.3
74 619.4

2 375.6
0.04
0.37
1.47
...
...
...

POVERTY
Per Capita GNI (US $)
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
2007

2005

2003

2001

1990

1980

1970

Daily per Capita Calorie Supply

2600
2500

.

2400
2300
2200
2100
2000
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

GNI Per Capita (US$)
Public Expenditure - on Health (as % of GDP)
on Education (as % of GNI)
Human Development Index Value (0 to 1)
Rank (out of 182)
Human Poverty Index (HPI-1) Value (%)
Population Below National Poverty Line (%)
Below Inter. Poverty Line ( $2 /day) (%)
Household Income Spent on Food (%)
Share of Income Held by Richest 10%
Share of Income Held by Poorest 10%
Share of Agriculture in Total GDP (%)
Growth of Value Added in Agriculture (%)
Access to Health Care (%)
Physician per 100,000 People
Nurse per 100,000 People
Hospital Beds per 100,000 People
Food Aid in Cereals ('000 MT)
Daily per Capita Calorie Supply
Daily per Capita Protein Supply (grams)
Daily per Capita Fat Supply (grams)
Incidence of Tuberculosis (per 100000 inhab.)
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of pop.)
Underweight Children Under Age 5 (%)
Low Birthweight Babies (% of births)
Under Five Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Birth Rate (per 1,000)
Crude Death Rate (p
(per 1,000)
, )

ENVIRONMENT
Land Area ('000 ha)
Arable Land (as % of land area)
Permanent Crops Use (as % land area)
Irrigated Land (% of land area)
Permanent Pasture Use (as % of land area)
Other Land Use (as % of land area)
Total Forest Area ('000 ha)
Annual Rate of Deforestation (%)
Annual Rate of Reforestation (%)
Natural Forest Cover ('000 ha)

Access to Safe Water
(% of total population)
80
70
60

.

50
40
30
20
10
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Fuelwood Production Trends (Non-coniferous) ,
(Mn m3)
14,000
12,000
10,000
8,000
6,000
4,000
2,000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

140

Nationally Protected Areas ('000 Km2)
Access to Safe Water (% of total population)
% Rural
% Urban
Access to Sanitation (% of population)
% Urban
Energy Consumption per Capita ('000 MT)
Emissions of Organic Water Pollutants (kg/day)
Charcoal Production ('000 MT)
Fuelwood Production (Coniferous) ('000 m3)
(Non-coniferous) ('000 m3)
Traditional Fuel Use (% total energy use)
CO2 Emissions - Total ('000 MT)
Per Capita (MT)
Kg per 2000 $ of GDP
Electricity Production (Billion kwh)
Annual Freshwater Withdrawals (m3)
Per Capita Cubic Meters (Internal)
Annual Internal Renew. Water Resources (m3)

ETHIOPIE

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement

RUBRIQUE

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

130
2.6
3.8
...
...
56.5
44.2
86.4
...
25.4
3.9
46.6
8.9
55.0
1.7
6.8
11.6
1 198 960.0
1 723.4
49.8
17.2
331.0
...
47.2
...
160.0
42.2
14.4

160
2.5
5.5
...
...
54.9
...
77.5
...
25.6
4.1
43.0
14.0
...
...
...
...
698 555.0
1 826.2
52.5
20.0
398.0
44.0
38.0
...
139.2
39.5
12.7

190
2.3
5.5
...
...
51.6
...
...
...
...
...
44.4
9.0
...
...
...
...
504 204.0
...
...
...
388.0
...
...
...
135.7
39.1
12.4

220
...
...
0.414
171
...
...
...
...
...
...
44.4
4.1
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
378.0
...
...
...
132.4
38.7
12.1

280
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
44.1
11.4
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
129.3
38.2
11.8

...
RNB par habitant ($EU)
...
Dépenses publiques de santé en % du PIB
...
d'éducation en % du RNB
...
Valeur de l'Indice de dév. humain (de 0 à 1)
...
Rang (sur 182)
...
Valeur de l'Indice de pauvreté (IPH-1) (%)
...
Pop. sous le seuil national de pauvreté (%)
...
sous le seuil inter. de pauvreté (2$/J) (%)
... Revenu des ménages aux dépenses aliment. (%)
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus riches
...
Part des 10% des ménages les plus pauvres
...
Part de l'agriculture dans PIB (%)
...
Croissance de la valeur ajoutée agricole (%)
...
Accès aux soins de santé (%)
...
Médécins pour 100000 habitants
...
Infirmières pour 100000 habitants
...
Lits d'hopitaux pour 100000 habitants
...
Aide alimentaire en céréales ('000 TM)
...
Apport journalier en calories par habitant
...
Apport journalier en protéines par habt (gr)
...
Apport journalier en lipides par habit. (gr)
...
Incidence de tuberculose (pour 100000)
...
Prévalence de la malnutrition (% de pop.)
...
Insuffisance pondérale des < 5 ans (%)
... Insuffisance pondérale néonatale (% des naiss.)
126.2
Taux de mortalité des < 5 ans (pour 1000)
37.7
Taux brut de natalité (pour 1000)
11.6
Taux brut de mortalité (pour
(p
1000))

100 000.0
10.00
0.66
0.29
20.00
55.63
13 705.0
0.8
...
...
...
29.0
19.0
87.0
7.0
24.0
0.3
...
2 908.5
6 118.7
81 352.4

3 458.0
0.05
0.43
1.70
...
...
...

100 000.0
12.92
0.77
0.29
20.00
53.31
13 000.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
3 303.6
6 609.0
87 871.7

4 579.3
0.06
0.44
2.87
...
...
...

100 000.0
13.40
0.82
0.29
20.00
52.92
12 859.0
...
...
...
...
42.0
31.0
96.0
11.0
27.0
...
...
3 385.6
6 609.0
89 094.1

5 156.4
0.07
0.45
3.27
...
...
...

100 000.0
14.04
1.04
0.29
20.00
52.21
12 718.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
3 469.6
6 794.4
90 336.7

5 353.3
0.07
0.42
...
...
1 644.4
122.0

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
3 555.7
6 889.4
91 600.0

5 965.1
0.07
0.41
...
...
...
...

PAUVRETE
RNB par habitant ($ EU)
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
1970

1980

1990

2001

2003

2005

2007

RNB par Habitant

Apport journalier en calories
par habitant
2600
2500

.

2400
2300
2200
2100
2000
1970

1985

1995

2003

2004

2005

ENVIRONNEMENT
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Superficie des terres ('000 ha)
Terres arables (% sup des terres)
Terres cultivables (% sup. des terres)
Terres irriguées (% sup. des terres)
Prairies & pâturages permanents (% de terres)
Autres terres (en % des superf. des terres)
Superficie totale des forêts ('000 ha)
Taux annuel de déforestation (%)
Taux annuel de reboisement (%)
Etendue des forêts naturelles ('000 ha)
2

Zones nationales protégées ('000 Km )
Accès à l'eau potable (% de la pop. totale)
Rural (% de la pop. totale)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Accès aux services d'assainis. (% de la pop.)
Urbain (en % de la pop. totale)
Energie consommée par habitant ('000 TM)
Emissions de polluants d'eau organiques (kg/j)
Production du charbon ('000 TM)
3

Prod. de bois de chauffe (Conifères) ('000 m )
3
(Non conifères) ('000 m )
Combustibles tradit. utilisés (% d'énergie tot.)
Emissions totales du CO2 ('000 TM)
Par habitant (TM)
Kg par PIB en $ de 2000
Production d'électricité (en md de Kwh)
Prélèvements annuels d'eau douce (m3)
mètre cube par habitant (intérieure)

Accès à l'eau potable
(% de la pop. totale)
80
70
60
.

50
40
30
20
10
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Prod. de bois de chauffe (non conifères)
(millions de m3)
14000
12000
10000
8000
6000
4000
2000
0
19801990199520002002200320042005200620072008

3

Ressources d'eau intér. renouvelables (m /an)

141

GABON

Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators

ITEM

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

529.4
270.7
87.5
126.1
36.0
21.0
258.7
87.3
122.5
32.4
16.6
1.60
1.56
1.65
1.35
95.6
67.0
55.1
11.8
...
...
...
...
4.7
...
123.6
102.6
141.2
46.7
48.3
45.1
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
165.2
157.6
172.9
15.1
5.0
21.0
...
...
...
...
...
14.8
28.3
...
...
...
...
...

595.2
303.4
105.0
138.8
37.1
22.5
291.8
104.7
135.6
33.6
17.9
2.60
2.53
2.66
1.87
96.2
72.5
61.3
11.7
...
...
...
...
5.0
...
104.0
94.7
110.1
50.5
52.1
49.0
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
177.7
173.4
105.0
30.1
12.0
22.0
...
...
...
...
...
20.1
...
...
...
...
...
...

681.6
346.3
128.1
155.6
38.4
24.2
335.2
128.5
152.8
34.6
19.4
2.83
2.77
2.90
2.28
96.8
78.7
67.3
11.4
...
...
...
...
5.2
...
86.1
78.3
90.9
54.4
56.0
52.9
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
174.2
170.9
117.0
33.8
17.0
25.0
...
...
...
...
...
27.3
24.4
305.0
44.9
65.6
33.1
32.1

791.8
401.0
157.6
177.7
39.5
26.3
390.8
158.8
176.3
34.5
21.3
3.08
3.01
3.15
2.58
97.4
85.0
72.8
11.0
...
...
...
...
5.2
...
68.8
58.1
78.6
58.7
60.2
57.1
1.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
171.5
168.8
131.2
42.5
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
35.2
22.2
347.0
44.4
58.5
29.4
29.1

926.4
467.8
190.4
209.3
39.5
28.6
458.6
192.6
207.9
34.7
23.4
3.20
3.15
3.26
2.76
98.0
88.5
75.6
10.5
...
...
...
...
5.2
...
59.4
47.4
73.6
61.1
62.9
59.4
1.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
162.9
168.9
152.0
40.8
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
401.0
44.1
51.6
25.7
25.7

1 084.4
546.5
226.1
249.6
40.0
30.8
537.9
229.3
246.1
37.4
25.2
2.96
2.94
2.99
2.57
98.4
89.2
74.3
9.7
...
...
...
...
4.8
500.0
57.6
48.3
70.4
61.3
63.3
59.3
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
162.3
161.4
143.5
56.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
39.2
18.3
472.0
44.1
44.5
22.0
22.5

GENDER
Dependency Ratio (per 100)
100
80
60
40
20
0
1970

1985

1995

Total

2006

2007

2008

Age 0-14

2009

Age 65+

Maternal Mortality Rates
(per 100,000)
1200
1000
.
800
600
400
200
0
1990-99

2000-04

2005-08

Primary School
Enrolment (Gross)
(%)

Ratio

120

100.0
80.0

90

60.0

60

40.0

30

20.0
0.0

0

2005-08

2004

2000

1995

1985

1970

Male

Female

F/M

Economically active population
(per cent)
60
50
40
30
Male

20

Female

10
0
2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2000

1995

1985

1970

142

Total Population ('000)
Female Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Male Population - Total ('000)
Age 0-14
Age 15-49
Age 50-64
Age 65+
Population Growth Rate -Total (%)
Female
Male
Rate of Natural Increase (%)
Sex Ratio (per 100 females)
Dependency Ratio - Total (%)
Age 0-14
Age 65+
Singulate Mean Age at Marriage (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (%)
Total Fertility Rate (per woman)
Maternal Mortality Rate (per 100,000)
Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000)
Female (per 1,000)
, )
Male (p
(per 1,000)
Life Expectancy at Birth - Total (years)
Female (years)
Male (years)
Gender Ratio F/M
Average Size of Households-Overall
Urban
Rural
Households Headed by Women - Total (%)
Urban (%)
Rural (%)
Adult Illiteracy Rate - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Secondary School Enrolment Ratio (Gross) (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
School Life Expectancy - Total (%)
Female (%)
Male (%)
Primary School Enrolment Ratio (Net ) (%)
Female (%)
Female School Teachers - Primary (%)
Secondary (%)
Economically active population ('000)
Female (as % of total)
Econ. active pop. in agric. (as % of Total)
Female (%)
Male (%)

GABON

Indicateurs sur le Genre, la Pauvreté et l'Environnement
2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

1 233.4
621.2
250.5
294.5
43.4
32.8
612.2
254.5
288.4
43.2
26.1
2.35
2.31
2.39
2.11
98.6
84.2
68.8
8.8
...
22.1
26.2
32.7
4.1
519.0
57.9
57.3
64.2
59.9
62.0
57.9
1.07
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
135.2
135.2
135.2
48.3
44.7
51.9
12.5
12.2
12.8
...
...
44.7