Introduction to research Research is basically the organization of scientific investigations to solve problems, test hypothesis and develop or invent

new outcomes or products (Prof Khalid, n.d). It integrates the use of inductive and deductive reasoning. This means every effect has a cause behind it (Prof Khalid, M., n.d). The research embarked upon in this report is ³how home and international students¶ holiday behaviour differ.´ This research will integrate the quantitative and qualitative type of research in coming out with final findings. Scope of study As college students, holiday seems to bring a sense of relief, comfort and rest especially after a semester filled with strenuous activities, test, exams, report writing, to mention but a few. Although holiday is a system that has been integrated into school education since time immemorial, it is worthy to note that there haven¶t really been significant studies in how it affects the behaviours of students in international campuses. The lack of insight in this regard has sprout the need to find out the variation in holiday behaviours between international and local students thereby understanding how it affects academic performance, social life, self management to mention but a few. This research will focus mainly on the variation in the holiday behaviours between local and international students giving room for further research as to the effect of the significance should there be any.

Finding out the significance of research will enable a smooth application of the methodology involved in compiling. Significance of study In conducting a research. This is the drive that pushes the researcher to embark on the research and find out the answer to the research question. The significance of this research can be made to encompass a whole lot but the major aim behind this research is to find out: If holiday behaviours between local and international students differ How significant is the difference if at all any? What are the causes or reasons behind the differences? What holiday behaviours do local and international students have in common How local and international students react to holidays . analyzing and computing final results. there must be a reason behind it. H0: P<5 Holiday behaviours between home and international students differs significantly.Research question and hypotheses This research is on ³how home and international students¶ holiday behaviours differ?´ The hypotheses derived for this research are: H1: P> 5 Holiday behaviours between home and international students has little or no difference.

Also.000 students. Population and sampling The population of this research is limited to the University of East London students in Linton University College. The secondary data were obtained from the internet using Google search engine to look for relevant journals. The research method used in the collection of data for this research was basically by issuing questionnaires as well as interviewing respondents. e-articles and websites. The primary data were obtained by issuing out 120 questionnaires to respondents as well as conducting face to face interviews. Negeri Sembilan which is slightly above 2. Further more the data collected were manually counted to get the total responses of each respondent on the questions asked. Our sample size consists of 120 students from whom we collected our primary data. . Mantin. The reason of these choices was to get first hand data (primary data) from our respondents as well as reduce the level of biasness to the smallest possible degree.Research Method Research method is basically the methods the researcher uses in conducting the research as well as serves as a gateway to data analysis and findings. e-books. the responses were tabulated into SPSS using coding method to find the statistical significance as well as reject or accept the hypotheses. Source of Data The source of data for this research was obtained from both primary and secondary data. Lastly. books from Linton University library were used.

Critical region (5%) . If H1 is greater than 5% then the hypothesis is accepted and if H0 is less than 5% then the hypothesis is rejected. other Asians and others (constituting of all the minorities). Also. Quantitative and Qualitative research method were used in the analyzing and interpretation of data collected as well as final findings. This was to give our study population a fair chance of being represented according to its variation. Further more from our international respondents we represented the major nationalities that make up the international student population. Microsoft Excel was used to compile data obtained from interviewing respondents as well as graphs and charts to compare reasons behind holiday behaviours. This includes African. This is the degree of difference that suggests a rejection or acceptance of the hypothesis. Chinese. Since our research is on the variation between international and local students¶ holiday behaviours. 50% of our sample size was allocated to international and local students respectively. Data were coded ranging from 0 and hypothesis was tested using chi-square test. We also used the stratified random sampling method to choose our sample size. Statistical tools Our test is one tailed with our statistical significance set at 5%.Sampling technique Our sample size was selected using the probability sampling method. We used Standard package for Social Sciences (SPSS) to compile primary data obtained from questionnaires issued to respondents. Arab.

the researcher conducted a pilot study to make sure the aim of the research is not misunderstood or misinterpreted. . Further more. To compare the significant difference between local and international student behaviour. their behaviour towards forthcoming holiday (if they look forward to it or not). Although there are no statistical measurements to validity it is important to identify the three major validity in a research.Analysis plan Analysis plan is basically the set out way in which the researcher intends to follow in analyzing research data and coming out with final findings. Validity and reliability According to Walonick (2005) validity refers to the accuracy and truthfulness of a measurement. The critical alpha value set was 5% and the software used in conducting these test were SPSS and Microsoft Excel. if they miss college and college life while on holiday and if they would extend their holiday given the chance. Face validity: in the case of this research. the researcher intends to indentify key variables from the questionnaire which will act like independent and dependent variables. In this research. their holiday location (if they go home or not). the researcher intends to compare the background of both variables involved to analyze similarities and differences. Informal conversations and interviews were conducted among UEL students in Linton University college as well as meetings with course Lecturers to analyze the research topic and aim. their behaviours during holiday (if they enjoy the length or long for school to resume). the researcher identified types of students (this states whether respondents are local or international). These variables were plotted against each other in five different test to check the variation in choices among local and international students alike. in testing for the hypothesis.

few . a technique known as confirmatory factor analysis was introduced to explore how individual survey items affect the overall construct of the research. The respondents answered the questions asked truthfully. one of the limitations encountered by the researcher was inability to represent both variables (home and international) evenly in the sample size due to the fact that not so many local students are UEL students in Linton University College. Construct validity: in the case of construct validity. the inability to access the computer laboratory early enough led to a rush in data compilation and didn¶t give room for freedom to carry out several tests. n. rating holiday behaviour in a scales of preference are some of the individual survey items to verify the construct validity. In the case of this research. the researcher set the questionnaire to encompass all the areas of holiday behaviours that are common among students ranging from religious to part time jobs to recreation as well as staying at home. All possible holiday options were considered to give the hypothesis an unbiased look after final findings. Limitation Limitations are constraints on generalizing and utilizing of findings due to internal or external factors (Cline. Communication barrier also seem to be a limitation as some of the students found it difficult to understand the questions asked even though they were in simple formats. Assumption The researcher assumes the samples represent the total population The researcher believes the tools used for data collection and analysis is valid and will yield desired construct. Lastly. Also.Content validity: from the derived hypothesis. Inclusion of variables like ³anticipating holiday. making holiday plans.d).

respondents either marked more than required or left some questions blank which had to cause the researcher to systematically analyze the possible answers for those unanswered fields. .

.Data analysis Data analysis is basically the collecting.0 Valid Percent 50. Background of respondent Gender Frequency Valid female male Total Missing Total System 60 60 120 78 198 Percent 30.0 Cumulative Percent 50.0 50.3 30.4 100.0 100.6 39. A total of 120 respondents were consulted and both sexes had a fair share of 50% each.0 Interpretation: In order to reduce the degree of biasness. comparing and analyzing of research data as to come out with reasonable and conclusive findings.3 60. the researcher represented both sexes in evenly in the same.0 100.

0 Valid Percent 75.8% represented the age grade above 30.Age Cumulative Frequency Valid 18-23 24-29 above 30 Total Missing Total System 90 29 1 120 78 198 Percent 45. 24.0 Interpretation: From the survey. .6 39.0 99.6 .2 100.4 100.2 .8 100.5 60.0 Percent 75.5 14. majority of respondents fall within the age bracket of 18-23 years making up 75% of total respondent.2% of total respondent fell into the age bracket of 24-29years while just 0.0 24.

.0 Percent 45. total local student respondents was 54 with a percentage of 45.0 100.0 55.4 100.0 Interpretation: From the sample size of 120 respondents.3 33.types Cumulative Frequency Valid local international Total Missing Total System 54 66 120 78 198 Percent 27.0 Valid Percent 45.3 60.5% respondent share.0 100.6 39.5% while international students constituted the majority with 66 respondents and 55.

1 2.4 25.5 10.9 60.international Cumulative Frequency Valid Africans Arab other Asians Chinese others Total Missing Total System 16 5 20 17 10 68 130 198 Percent 8.5 30.5 7.0 Percent 23.3 100.4 29.6 5.0 .3 85.1 8.0 14.1 34.7 100.3 65.7 100.0 Valid Percent 23.

7% and 7.Interpretation: In order to get an unbiased data. 23.4 100.0 Percent 92. the researcher analyzed both variables differently after which both variables were compared and analyzed.4% respectively.5%. Other Asians constituted 29.0 . Holiday behaviours In order to compare the holiday behaviours between both variables.0 Valid Percent 92.6 7. 14. Africans.6 100. others and Arab constituted 25%.4 100.6 7. the researcher represented all the components that make up the international students variable.4% of international respondents while Chinese. Local students¶ anticipation of holiday lookforward Cumulative Frequency Valid yes no Total 50 4 54 Percent 92.

92.6% don¶t anticipate a school holiday. International students¶ anticipation to a holiday .Interpretation: From 54 local respondents gathered. 6% percent anticipated a school holiday and 7.

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