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the dust of time without much action. But some of the major players have identified the procedures of carbon trading and the benefits it entails. Some are even minting good profits from it. The concept of carbon trading arrived in India in 2002, and since then India has developed an attractive CDM portfolio with a market share close to 12%. The Kyoto Protocol, 1997, urges all countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions by 5% from their 1990 levels by 2012, or pay a price. A carbon credit refers to one tonne of carbon dioxide emissions avoided by the adoption of a certain practice when compared with a business–as-usual (baseline) scenario; it can be sold on the carbon market to a company in the developed world looking to offset excess emissions. The World Bank has built itself a role in this market as a referee, broker and macromanager of international fund flows. The scheme was entitled Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)-or 'carbon trading'-in 2000. The bank subsequently handed over $10 mn to India's Infrastructure Development Finance Company to fund clean projects that would generate saleable carbon credits. The Government of India announced its National Action Plan on Climate Change in July 2008, reinforcing the need of climate change mitigation and adaptation actions. India has been strengthening its position in the credit exchange market. The Indian CDM project portfolio has grown exponentially, from 297 projects in April 2006 to 753 projects in September 2007 to 1,114 projects in 2007, with over 536 mn carbon credit potential up to 2012. Indian revenues are expected to grow by $10 bn by 2012. Out of the 806 projects registered India bags nearly 35.7%. The consultants say that the best should be done before the carbon market closes. There is growing demand from the Indian industry to extend the 2012 deadline. Telcos in the Carbon Market Carbon credits consultants say awareness among telcos on carbon trading is very much in place. It would be naive to assume that the players in the telecom sector have not heard of carbon trading and the procedures, and the benefits it entails. Last year, State Bank of India had disclosed its plans to create financial instruments to aid carbon credit trading and management and fund and advise clients in the eco-friendly business. The country's oldest bank had said it had signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Eco Securities India , MITCON Consultancy Services and Cantor CO2E India to jointly provide one-stop solutions to industries for CDM projects and emissions trade. In a bid to promote environment-friendly telecom infrastructure, the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India proposed to give carbon credits to operators for using eco-friendly fuels to power their exchanges and mobile base stations in 2006. Around the same time,
Moreover.” the official says. In the same year. Within five years. there is a need to encourage use of non-conventional sources of energy. 50% of Airtel's profits from credits sale were to go to ACME. then power utilities will. Bharti Airtel and ACME Tele Power that provides energy management solutions. Once green communications product branding and service sets are offered by the first movers. If a service provider uses. 1. By saving energy of 2 kW per hour at each site. “With over 60.” “Tata Teleservices and Reliance Communications have smaller shares since the requirement of CDMA sites is lower than that of GSM sites.the Cellular Operators Association of India engaged the R&D of ACME to conduct research and pilots on using hydrogen-based cells to power mobile base stations. green communications solutions will become part of the normal course of business. Taking a cue from similar concepts being used internationally to reduce pollution. “Critical mass adoption of green communications will occur between 2008 and 2012 during the first phase of the Kyoto Protocol Treaty period. a consultant from Emergent Ventures. is very high. Credits that can be earned from this can be easily calculated. Also Nokia Siemens Networks is in global collaboration with ACME TelePower to provide energy efficient radio cell site solutions to telecom operators. “If telecom carriers do not deploy solutions sets incorporating environmental branding. monitoring. The company is studying similar proposals from Idea Cellular and Vodafone. there is a lot of incentive to cash in by means of green initiatives. as the operational cost to provide backup power supply in case regular electric supply is erratic. Selling the carbon credits obtained by the sites jointly run by the two companies has been generating revenue ever since.960 tonnes of carbon is being saved each year. Reports show in 2006 that ACME presented a carbon credit mandate of $30. An ACME official says. So. say. entered a joint venture for carbon credits. and trading of carbon credits on various interconnected carbon exchanges.40. automatically including the reporting. more than 8.000 sites of telecom operates using this technology. tracking. since the use of generators for long hours results in pollution. the acquisition cost per .$40 mn to the Ministry of Environment & Forests. This emerging trend is already apparent in the current market. Sources in the industry say. The regulator had suggested giving financial incentives in terms of lower revenue share to operators deploying non-conventional sources of energy such as solar and wind energy wherever possible. Trai had calculated the incentives but thereafter there is no update on the proposal.6 kg of carbon per hour is being saved. the company may be considered for certain incentives. be they power utility or carrier. solar energy to energize base stations.” says Vivek Dhariwal.
in process making the unit or the project eligible for carbon credits in large volumes. growing at the rate of $200 per year. National Leader. And energy is directly linked to carbon. the future of this business is bright. consultants says the future for CDM is bright. The Government of India too is skeptical about the efficacy of CDM as there is no clarity on what after the deadline ends. Growing at a rate of 4% per year. The Ministry of Science & Technology wants that the country should not make profits alone but also get access to newer technologies. India's greenhouse gas emitting companies contribute almost 3% of the world's total emissions. “There are big names in the telecom industry who are looking at carbon trading as a green pasture. Ernst & Young agrees the telcos are increasingly becoming active in their investments to go green. although India holds more than 25% of the $64 bn carbon trade. it will involve domestic trading scheme for energy efficiency certificate. For them carbon trading is a premature concept. However. Recently. while showing its customers that being environment-friendly is profitable. Estimates put the cumulative foreign direct investment on account of such projects at about $2 bn. Australia has provided a white paper on their Cap and Trade system to be launched in 2010.subscriber for other service providers will increase. brokers purchased more than 40% of the transactions in 2007 for higher future prices. but there are some new ones who are yet to rollout there services in some 3-4 months time. Sudipta Das. Even the FICCI paper said that post 2012 uncertainty 'hung like a dark plume' over the carbon markets. Dhariwal says with the government launching NMEEE (National Mission on Enhanced Energy Efficiency) under NAPCC (National Action Plan on Climate Change). Therefore. The energy solutions companies are innovating on technologies that can reduce Green House Gas emissions drastically.” says Dhariwal of Emergent Ventures. in which their companies can buy as much CERs to achieve their targets. which is a good sign. “With the US president-elect Barack Obama giving signal of US intentions on possible future climate change regulations in the country. According to a FICCI research paper published recently.” A recent analysis indicates that India is likely to derive over $800 mn a year from CDM. Investments for Credits The telecom players are now investing in a host of telecom products that are increasingly contributing towards both building a greener tomorrow and helping the country's economy. In spite of the prevalent uncertainty. the country is seen as one of the most attractive destinations for CDM-linked investments. Climate Change & Sustainability Services. there are no figures available to show the share of telecom players in this business. Yes .
With over 60. The telecom players are now investing huge in energy efficiency systems which will involve domestic trading scheme for energy efficiency certificate under the National Mission on Enhanced Energy Efficiency under the NAPCC. An average mobile tower consumes 96 kW of power daily and in areas of weak power supply. And energy efficiency is directly linked to carbon emissions mitigation. Solar Technology is the only long term sustainable and inexhaustible alternate energy. solar thermal and solar photo voltaic (PV) cells seems to be promising in realizing the goal of indigenizing these technologies in India with steep reduction in costs and in parity with the objectives of the National Solar Mission. need for carbon credit policy for the sector. But as we pass this financial crisis we will be heading towards solid carbon trading opportunities in India and the World and telecom players can undoubtedly be party to it. diesel consumption can average 24 litres per day.40. By saving 2kW per hour at each site 1. There is huge capacity to reduce this percentage through energy efficiency and decreasing power consumption. methods / options to reduce the carbon foot print by ICT industry in India. in process making the unit or the project eligible for carbon credits in large volumes. more than 8.960 tonnes of carbon is being saved each year. To address these issues. The energy solutions companies are innovating on technologies that can reduce GHGs drastically. Energy consumption is one of the leading drivers of operating expenses of about 35 percent of the total for both fixed and mobile network operators. developing telecom infrastructure especially in rural areas has become a challenge for the telecom operators and consultancies due to the unreliable power supply. "India is one of the biggest telecom markets in the world and more than 200 million rural subscribers are set to come into the picture in the next two-and-a-half years.there are challenges in terms of the current financial turmoil we are experiencing globally which may dampen the investments for the time being. Green technologies adopted by telecom operators While Mobile becomes a basic need in India. more than 2/3rd of which are generated by the network." The growth of the sector is directly proportional to the mounting costs for developing physical infrastructure and the Greenhouse Gas emissions (GHGs). The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) is under the process of preparing consultation paper on “green telecom” which offers guidance for the use of eco-friendly equipment in the ICT sector. At this point. Technology for harnessing the solar energy is now well .” added Dhariwal.000 sites of telecom operates using this technology. standardization of Green Telecom equipment and incentive for their adoption and framework for monitoring carbon emission and corrective action for telecom sector. The blog is expected to address critical issues like increasing carbon foot print-contribution of telecom industry. The Information and Communication Technology (ICT) sector currently consumes approximately 2% of global carbon emissions.6 kg of carbon per hour can be saved. This makes the network operators to Go Green!!!! Many of the major operators have already identified the procedures of carbon trading and the benefits it entails.
proven and established. . installation of solar PV cells can lead to reduction of 2. on an average. In this the power supply system uses solar energy and diesel generator to generate electricity in a complementary manner and provide the electricity generated to the site. In this the telecom towers are powered with solar PV cells which uses sunlight to generate electricity and reduce the dependence on conventional power and other conventional fuels. Huawei. It is powering mobile towers with solar PV in remote rural areas in India. Some of the initiatives that telecom operators can take for “going green” are• • • • using energy-efficient equipment for network systems powered by green energy using solar energy for the power supply using energy saving and environmentally friendly materials green supply chain packaging and logistics innovations Few Ongoing Initiatives: The green initiatives taken and are being under consideration by some of the telecom operators and consultancies are• • Bharti Airtel is leading the way with solar energy.5 tons of CO2 emission per tower every year. The purpose of the hybrid power system is to cope with the solar energy power supply risk encountered when there is a long series of consecutive rainy days or when the peak sunshine hours fluctuate widely from month to month especially in moderate and cold climates in the country. a telecom infrastructure provider have developed innovative technologies which involve improving the power amplifier efficiency. The other technology supplement to pure solar energy solar solution is solar and diesel hybrid power solution which has minimum environmental impact and low maintenance rate. which the telecom operators are innovating for their sustainable business operations. Apart from the above explained there are several other in-house technologies. According a study. It has also entered a Joint Venture with ACME Tele Power for carbon credits. Airtel is also the first to operate its network on Energy Management System (EMS) which helps the company to slash its operating cost upto 40%. raising the base station working temperature to eliminate the air-conditioning system.
• • adopting the distributed and integrated central office and using the intelligent shutdown technology. all of these factors and initiatives will continue to converge over the next several years. a subsidiary of Mumbai-based Global Group. Nokia Siemens Networks is in global collaboration with ACME TelePower to provide energy efficient radio cell site solutions to telecom operators. According to an industry report.com/content/news/110050701.5 tons of CO2 per year per base station. which has 32. Telecom operators and infrastructure providers are already aware of the kind of benefits and advantage the energy efficiency and renewable energy provides and thus a major thrust in switching over to solar power is seen gradually.asp Category: Sustainable Development.500 towers. and "green" network equipment will grow to represent 46% of the $277 billion global telecom infrastructure market by 2013. | Tags: . green innovative technologies and integration of renewable energy sources are the only options for the telecom industry to be a part of the low carbon growth for the country. http://voicendata. Energy efficiency. has already started moving from diesel to solar and other alternate sources of energy. GTL Infra. It has launched SingleRAN solution based on the softwaredefined radio (SDR) system to simplify energy-using nodes and save energy by way of network convergence which has a potential of reducing 1.ciol.
buy throwing one mobile instrument how much you are polluting the world. we need to strengthen the knowledge in Public about it and make aware that. none of the cities have these recycling sheds. Except the city of Bangalore and Delhi.Comments Gaurav on 01st November 2010: The efforts are been made and going on on telecoms capital infrastructure side but. In that case where do these used items would go? First I do al think there is a need for development of recycling points and then create awareness in the public . i think the first and foremost important think we need to create is the basic awareness in the public. not even giving back to recyclable agents which are very few in India. Gaurav on 01st November 2010: Why we are not raising voice to make manufacturing process more green and sustainable? Why Govt has not implemented policy for integrated infrastructure facilities for telecoms towers between operators?? Each telecom tower is spreading how much radiation in residential area!!! Why cant we have designated places where telecom towers can be construction in Urban Areas???!! Komalirani Yenneti on 01st November 2010: Gaurav!! I agree completely with you . In UK. where I stay I see a number of mobile and other technology recycling points. people are buying new age multimedia phone and old phone throwing in dustbins. At present for social status. but in India there are just handsome.
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