Different database systems

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First generation database systems: Dbase, Clipper, FoxBASE, FoxPro Second generation database system: MS Access Third generation database systems: SQL Server, Oracle, Sybase etc belong to this category

Big commercial ones: Oracle
Oracle Corporation is the world's largest database vendor and its flagship product Oracle is the oldest SQL-based relational database. Despite heavy competition from other vendors such as Microsoft and IBM, Oracle has maintained its lead in the enterprise database market.

Oracle timeline:
1977: Larry Ellison, Bob Miner and Ed Oates founded s/w development labs to undertake development work 1978: Oracle Version 1 was developed, written in assemble language. But it was never officially released. 1979: Oracle Version 2 was released as the first commercial one, and was sold to the Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Ohio, USA. The company changed name to RSI 1982: RSI renamed to Oracle Corporation 1983: Oracle version 3, re-written in C, ran on multiple platforms and greater compatibility. 1984: Oracle version 4, features include read consistency. 1985: Oracle version 5, first one that worked in client server environment. 1986: With version 5.1, Oracle introduces database clustering, distributed queries. 1988: Oracle version 6 released. It includes row-level locking, hot backup and pl/sql as main features 1992: Version 7 released. It provides better, administrative utilities, app development tools, security features, stored procedures, triggers etc.. 1995: Oracle announces an internet strategy. 1997: Oracle 8 released with SQL object technology, internet technology. 1999: Version 8i, supports standards like XML and provides JVM 2000: Version 9i, allows oracle to run on RAC. 2003: Version 10g released, g stands for grid 2007: Version 11g released, includes a lot of new features.

Dr. initially called SEQUEL (Structured English Query Language). the effort of 750 developers. and Solaris—from multiple vendors. In the mid-1990s. HP-UX. Windows. This edition allowed scalability by providing a shared nothing architecture. System R. architects.IBM: IBM release Information Management System (IMS) in 1966. precursor of (SQL). and text documents. video. With this version. DB2 has a long history and is the first database product to use SQL. E f Codd. The acronym SEQUEL was later changed to SQL because "SEQUEL" was a trademark of the UK-based Hawker Siddeley aircraft company. was designed to manipulate and retrieve data stored in IBM's original quasi-relational database management system. It was the first version optimized for the Web.. IBM released a clustered DB2 implementation called DB2 Parallel Edition. SQL  developed at IBM by Donald D. IMS was the first commercially available DBMS. Boyce in the 1970s. first system to demonstrate that a relational database management system could provide good transaction processing performance. as well as audio. . Chamberlin and Raymond F. After five years of development. and it supported a range of distributed platforms—for example. including traditional relational data. in which a single large database is partitioned across multiple DB2 servers that communicate over a high-speed interconnect In 1996. OS/2. IMS was considered a hierarchical database. The name DB2 was first given to the in 1983 when IBM released it. and engineers paid off with the release of the first hybrid data server in the market: DB2 9. DB2 was able to store all kinds of electronic data. Then came DB2. first outlined his theory for relational databases. IBM announced DB2 Universal Database (UDB) Version 5 for distributed platforms. which initially ran on AIX. AIX. But the next major database mgnt breakthrough came in 1970 when a scientist at IBM. System R  is a database system built as a research project at IBM in the 1970s.

allows for storing relational data. In 2007. manageability.1993 Windows NT 3. .5. XML documents are stored internally as a tree. Sybase. working with XML documents is greatly enhanced. A DB2 pure Scale system can grow to 128 database servers. and large objects. Microsoft: Major products were Ms. IBM announced that DB2 10 for z/OS would enter beta testing with customers .2 of SQL Server for Windows NT.1992 Microsoft and Sybase port SQL Server to Windows NT. In February. temporary tables. Sql Server: Its development follows following timeline:-1987 Sybase formally released the SYBASE system.Access and SQL server. . . 2010.DB2 9. provides a fault-tolerant architecture and shared-disk storage.is a hybrid data server . . DB2 pure Scale (October 2009).1992 Microsoft SQL Server 4. . . and Aston-Tate release SQL Server 1. and multi-dimensional clustering.5. and provides continuous availability and automatic load balancing. administration. as well as hierarchical data.1993 Microsoft and Sybase release version 4. with the release of DB2 9. DB2 9.1 is released.Aston-Tate drops out of SQL Server development.3 is released. the first high-performance RDBMS for online applications. (July 2006).0 for OS/2. With DB2 9's pureXML technology. .7 also supports native XML data in hash partitioning (database partitioning). . scalability and performance etc DB2 9. brings improvements in installation. range partitioning (table partitioning). DB2 9.1989 Microsoft.1988 Microsoft.7 (June 2009) adds data compression for database indexes. and Aston-Tate port SQL Server to OS/2. therefore. Sybase.2 for 16-bit OS/2 1. IBM has gone even further in its support for pureXML.

3% of the 2007 market for IBM . .1% of the total market. to provide near-zero downtime. 2005.2002 Microsoft releases SQLXML 2. .2005 Microsoft releases SQL Server 2005 on November 7th.0 of SQL Server. SQL Server 2008 R2 adds certain features to SQL Server 2008 including many diff features.1995 Microsoft releases version 6. it defined an xml data type that could be used as a data type in database columns . including digital media formats for pictures. SQL Server 2008 was released on August 6. in addition to relational data. Also includes support for structured and semi-structured data.2001 Microsoft releases XML for SQL Server Web Release 1 (download). . it held 43.Sybase continues to develop the UNIX version of SQL Server. .1994 Microsoft and Sybase co-development of SQL Server officially ends. In 2006. Market share: Oracle's relational database revenue grew at 13% to $8. . 2008 and aims to make data management self-tuning. . self organizing.1998 Microsoft releases version 7.7% of the market It's DB2 and Informix systems produced $3. 2010. .5 of SQL Server.95 billion in revenue. For this . video and other multimedia data. SQL Server 2008 R2: SQL Server 2008 R2 was released on April 21. .2 billion. Sql server 2005: included native support for managing XML data.2000 Microsoft releases SQL Server 2000.2002 Microsoft releases SQLXML 3.0 (renamed from XML for SQL Server).0. or 21. . . audio. and self maintaining with the development of SQL Server Always On technologies. Sql server 2008:The latest version of SQL Server.. giving it 44.0 of SQL Server.1996 Microsoft releases version 6.Microsoft continues to develop the Windows version of SQL Server.

3% market share.Oracle takes over the edge !!!!!!!! What’s New?????? Microsoft SQL Server 2010 Oracle 12g RethinkDB . .Microsoft was the only member of the big three to grow at a rate under the market average.4 billion and an 18. 11.2%. for revenue of $3.

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