You are on page 1of 11

c 


Underwater
welding refers
to a number of
distinct welding
processes that
are performed
underwater.

The two main


categories of
underwater
welding
techniques are
wet
underwater
welding and
dry underwater
welding, or
hyperbaric
welding.

In wet
underwater
welding, a
variation of
shielded metal
arc welding is
commonly
used,
employing a
waterproof
electrode.
Other
processes that
are used
include flux-
cored arc
welding and
friction
welding. In
each of these
cases, the
welding power
supply is
connected to
the welding
equipment
through cables
and hoses.
The process is
generally
limited to low
carbon
equivalent
steels,
especially at
greater depths,
because of
hydrogen-
caused
cracking.

In dry
underwater
welding the
weld is
performed at
the prevailing
pressure in a
chamber filled
with a gas
mixture sealed
around the
structure being
welded. For
this process,
gas tungsten
arc welding is
often used,
and the
resulting welds
are generally
of high
integrity.

The
applications of
underwater
welding are
diverse?it is
often used to
repair and
construct
ships, offshore
platforms, and
pipelines. Steel
is the most
common
material
welded. For
deep water
welds and
other
applications
where high
strength is
necessary, dry
water welding
is most
commonly
used.
Research into
using dry water
welding at
depths of up to
1000 m are
ongoing. In
general,
assuring the
integrity of
underwater
welds can be
difficult,
especially wet
underwater
welds,
because
defects are
difficult to
detect.

For the
structures
being welded
by wet
underwater
welding,
inspection
following
welding may
be more
difficult than for
welds
deposited in
air. Assuring
the integrity of
such
underwater
welds may be
more difficult,
and there is a
risk that
defects may
remain
undetected.

The risks of
underwater
welding
include the risk
of electric
shock to the
welder. To
prevent this,
the welding
equipment
ought to be
properly
insulated, and
the voltage of
the welding
equipment
should be
controlled.
Underwater
welders must
also consider
the safety
issues that
normal divers
face; most
notably, the
risk of
decompression
sickness due
to the
increased
pressure of
inhaled
breathing
gases.

posted by
christina at
11:50 AM 0
comments
Underwater
welding refers
to a number of
distinct welding
processes that
are performed
underwater.

The two main


categories of
underwater
welding
techniques are
wet
underwater
welding and
dry underwater
welding, or
hyperbaric
welding.

In wet
underwater
welding, a
variation of
shielded metal
arc welding is
commonly
used,
employing a
waterproof
electrode.
Other
processes that
are used
include flux-
cored arc
welding and
friction
welding. In
each of these
cases, the
welding power
supply is
connected to
the welding
equipment
through cables
and hoses.
The process is
generally
limited to low
carbon
equivalent
steels,
especially at
greater depths,
because of
hydrogen-
caused
cracking.

In dry
underwater
welding the
weld is
performed at
the prevailing
pressure in a
chamber filled
with a gas
mixture sealed
around the
structure being
welded. For
this process,
gas tungsten
arc welding is
often used,
and the
resulting welds
are generally
of high
integrity.

The
applications of
underwater
welding are
diverse?it is
often used to
repair and
construct
ships, offshore
platforms, and
pipelines. Steel
is the most
common
material
welded. For
deep water
welds and
other
applications
where high
strength is
necessary, dry
water welding
is most
commonly
used.
Research into
using dry water
welding at
depths of up to
1000 m are
ongoing. In
general,
assuring the
integrity of
underwater
welds can be
difficult,
especially wet
underwater
welds,
because
defects are
difficult to
detect.

For the
structures
being welded
by wet
underwater
welding,
inspection
following
welding may
be more
difficult than for
welds
deposited in
air. Assuring
the integrity of
such
underwater
welds may be
more difficult,
and there is a
risk that
defects may
remain
undetected.

The risks of
underwater
welding
include the risk
of electric
shock to the
welder. To
prevent this,
the welding
equipment
ought to be
properly
insulated, and
the voltage of
the welding
equipment
should be
controlled.
Underwater
welders must
also consider
the safety
issues that
normal divers
face; most
notably, the
risk of
decompression
sickness due
to the
increased
pressure of
inhaled
breathing
gases

Reference: http://www.seminarprojects.com/Thread-underwater-welding#ixzz1CsiqoOZF
?