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. By M. E. Alford
that's to tip certainly A KAYAKbottom,hard provedhherself isn't commonplace. N o r t wind, with her flat has on the windy lakes and swift rivers of the Yukon; she's as stable as any you'll find. Apart from that, buoyancy chambers m a k e her virtually unsinkable. De-
signed for plywood construction, she's easy to build, light in weight and strong. Fine for long cruises, she has a n ex-
CARGO SPACE aft o cockpit i fully enf s closed after deck and hcrtch ia installed.
apply some talcum powder to the plug to ease this operation. the filler plug. when writing. However. The balsa gondola can be of either medium or soft-grade stock. test the plug by submerging it in water. Please specify Plan Number M-246. Pour some additional pitch over the flange to seal the assembly. then sand smooth.liner. Then apply a few coats of clear dope and sand [Continued on page 1701 again. When the filler has dried. When dry. being careful not to drip any inside the tubing. Smear the outside of the tubing with liquid pitch before forcing it through. Greenwich. - With the filler plug in place the balloon is ready to take shape. The neck o f the balloon can now be stretched over the filler lug. MINIATURE SANDBAGS of balsa wood look realistic and represent balloon's ballast . Complete the sides. seal the balloon with a plastic plug as shown in the diagram. Assemfirst. sand the sides smooth. F a w c e t t Bldg.040 brass flange soldered in place as shown in the accompanying diagram. The gondola's four sides and floor are all of %-inch sheet balsa. brush the plug a few times with clear dope to eliminate porosity iri the balsa.. inflate the balloon to the flaccid diameter recommended in the instructions accompanying the balloon. If they do. Finally. reseal with pitch. FULL-SCALE PLANS will greatly simplify constructionSend 50 cents to Mechanix Illustrated Plans Service. according to the diagram. ble the 43/4-inch sides to the b ~ t t o m then cement the 5-inch sides in place. If a good sealing job has been done air bubbles will not appear. MI'S Baby Balloon. Conn. Using the exhaust from a tank-type vacuum cleaner and a length of 4/!-inch rubber tubing (to carry the air to the plug). When the pitch solidifies. This liner is nothing more than a length of thin-wall tubing with a . This early inflation is necessary to allow the balloon's fabric to adjust to size prior to the first ascent. the soft grade is preferable since it is lighter.
With the bottomresting on a level floor. . leaving Ye inch all around for final trimming after the sides are in place. Northwind is built in a straightforward manner. include allowance for the sides. Begin by laying out the flat bottom on a 4x18-foot sheet of '/&inch exterior fir plywood. leaving sufficient material at .'LUSH FITTIN1 dOES UT OUT TO RlEDUCE WEIGH %&a &uuuvt PQR S I D ~ r- ' . at the same time. with a load of 450 pounds. No jig or form is required. fitted into the notches at the bottom corners of the frames. the 3/4~3/4-inch chines are next oak positioned to follow the contour of the bottom and.slightly in relation to its indicated position. The bottom widths. f -7 DTE: HEIGHT OF C O I l PIT Illf I I r r r n u r l l COnnrti ulmtaalucrr rum A l l FUMES tremely shallow draft which permits navigation of the shallowest streams. as taken from the drawing. The frames are next built and glued and nailed in their respective positions. HOLE SECTION A-A Y1" \ ." DIA. she draws only 2% inches. Because of the projecting bottom. Bend the chine batten around the points to draw a smooth curve. Then mark the frame locations and cut the shape either by hand or with a power saw. Any slight difference in frame width and bottom profile width at a frame position may be taken up by moving the frame forward or backward. It is advisable to have 2x4's clamped to the plywood bottom to give it rigidity when driving bronze one-inch Anchorfast nails in from the underside. the chines will have to be removed a few times to permit planing of the slight angle necessary to align them with the flared sides of the frames. The chines are finally glued and nailed in position.
Chine and sheer battens are then-angle-cut to length and clamped to form a neat joint. . has a cutout to reduce its weight. lo Notice the f o r supports between frames. PROW PIECE. These battens are secured to each frame with 1%-inch Anchorfast nails countersunk below the surface. FI awcett Bldg.HATCH. . Northwina.the battens are fastened. Both chine and sheer battens may be spliced if long lengths of oak are unobtainable. IPlease specify Plan B-236. Greenwich. they give rigidity to the skeleton framework.sheer battens. The . OAK COAMING is steamed before bending. each end to allow for the prow and stern post fitting. - LABGE-SCAI will greatly simplify c o n s haction. leave material at the prow and stern. Again. made of %xll/sinch oak. Planing of the angles (continuation of the frame profiles) m a y be done after . Conn..00 to Meehanix Nustrated Plans Service. . are treated in a similar manner to the chines. left extends back to first frame. made watertight with rubber gas- ket. NORTHWIND i light enough to be carried s on the smallest cars in the manner shown. Send $2. The prow and stern pieces may be-cut from a four-foot length of 1x12-inch oak. Additional planing will probably have to be done [Continued on puge 1651 137 . When fitted. is secured with bolts and wing nuts. The shaped pieces are trial-fitted with the end of each piece butted against the nearest frames.
The result is [Continued on page 1661 165 * . The one we used was cut from a solid piece of oak and bolted with quarter-inch carriage bolts to frame C and the apex of the extended cockpit battens. the Ys-inch mahogany plywood decking is clamped in position and the plan profile at the sheer is marked on it.take any form to please the builder. D and G. Glue and nail the sides. The other backrest is made of quarter-inch plywood and hinged to the center of the backrest support. To give additional support to the light decking. When Answering Advertisements. Use 3/4inch. the entire deck may be cut hom two 4x8-foot sheets. however. as one is integral with the other. For handling. No. Following planing of the sheer line and the tops of the sides to produce a continuation of the frame profile. A second brace is placed in position between frames A and B. paint the entire inside of the kayak with sealer and apply two coats of clear varnish. The nose cap may . Crosspieces f 3/4~3/4-inch oak are placed ten inches part and notched into the cockpit battens. Butt joints are made at frames A. Sandwich the plywood at the ends and sides between two oak strips. While the bottom of each side panel must be cut to the exact profile. Prior to applying the decking. 5 flathead brass screws. its shape or size is left to the individual but a piece about 6x10 inches is convenient for most people. Kuhls bedlast is used between the decking and framework and the deck is screwed down instead of nailed. is steamed to fit the cockpit batten and notched to allow for the backrest support and nose cap. a strip of plywood 12 inches wide may be precut from a 20-foot sheet. Please Mentioion MECHANIX ILLUSTRATED . The underside must be concaved slightly to ensure a snug fit on the deck. With care. The coaming is fully rounded on the upper edge and half rounded on the lower edge which fits flush with the bottom of the cockpit batten. start laying the sections from the bow. The cockpit battens form the support for the cockpit coarning. While fitting the coaming it is advisable to fit the nose cap at the same time. The cargo hatch cover is made from l h x 1-inch oak and %-inch mahogany ply. some fitting will be necessary to complete the job. made of %x23/4inch oak. the entire prow and stern portions are glued and nailed. the top may be planed after the sides are in position. the sheer batten is notched midway between frames B and C to accomrnodate a 3hx3h-inch oak crosspiece steambent to suit the deck height at this point. Notice that these bat:ens are extended to frame G to form part >f the cargo hatch. running longitudinally on the centerline. is the most difficult part of construction and care should be exercised. this may still be done by scribing along the periphery of the bottom against the clamped side panel. and nailed to the frames. permitting removal of any part to gain access to a damaged section. The cutting and-fitting of the sides. To ensure perfect molding of the deck to the desired shape. making accurate marking of the side profile awkward. After the grooves have been chiseled and both pieces fit snugly in their respective positions. The cockpit coaming. Before fitting the cut sections in position. A piece of similar size oak is attached to frame F to complete the periphery of the coaming and to form a small backrest for the stern paddler. The positions where chine and sheer battens meet the prow and stern pieces are then marked in pencil on the latter so that a connecting pencil line will indicate the position of the grooves to be cut for the flush fitting of the sides.[Continued f7-ompage 1371 on the sheer batten near the pi-ow to provide an angle coincident with the progressive flare of the sides at this point. Just aft of Lame F is the sealed cargo pace to protect equipment not contained n waterproof bags and prevent its loss in he unlikely event of a capsize. they are bent to shape by steaming and then notched to fit flush and become integral with frames. Although the bottom projects approximately %-inch along each side. They are spaced equidistant between frames F and G. the undersides should be varnished. which are approximately six inches wide. Of 3/4~3/4-inch oak. When cutting the profile don't forget the hole for the cargo hatch. They are notched at the msition indicated on the main drawing or the fitting of the backrest support vhich is made of 3/4~3/4-inch oak.
.i lConnoth M. A removable floor is made from a piece of quarter-inch plywood. Vancouver.: Charles A. England: James L. Mass. England: Michael J. Columbus. Eatrin.: Edwin Minatra. Jansen. Spiceland. Bridgeville. On the underside of the hatch cover. S. shmmts '/#-xqz10' Morfne mahogany plywood MISCELLANEOUS Y/z Ibs. . chines and battens Sheer battens Rubbing strips and coaming Frames. Bronx.: John Garling.: Edgar F. Calif.: Larry W. Mt. Dilley. Va. Pretoria. D. ?hNx%" ak O %"XI%"Oak I"xl2"Oak~ 1Yx4'x8' Exterior 1. Riedsburg. Va. I pint of Kuhls Bedlast.: Gordon Madland. T. Norfolk.: John W..: Tom Hotchldn. Miami. Sterling. The following craftsmen have been awarded CERTIFICATES OF MERIT for their projects: Charles C. COY.: Leo E. Johnson City.. Watford Herts. Plula. Y. I piit sealer. B W. R o m e . N. Y: . Menomonie.: Ernest Ley. B. A piece of 3/4xY4-inchoak is fastened to the underside of the floor at each end for further support. Calif. Los Angelea Calif. M i . Wash.. lrsa . Minneapolis.: Frank Henigman. South Africa: S. Mich. 0a.: Roger W.: Warren Foster. Peter Kievit.: T. Can. Bishop. Vercheres.. La. Wis. 5 flathead brass wood screws.: Robert Nelson. Hartford. Cox. Calif. Dorset. Can. Can. BILL OF MATERIALS TlTY Golden Hammer Awards . New Orleans. Erie. N. Holes are predrilled for the nails with a 5/64-inch bit.: Willlam Stamm. Camas Valley. Toledo. N. Bedford. On the bottom. Claremont.. J. Stand the pieces on their narrow dimension and glue and nail them in place.: Bernard Karsko.: Daniel Haskins.: John Palinsky. Using quarter-inch bolts fastened as studs to strips of metal and fixed to the underside of the cargo hatch battens so that they project through the hatch.: Richard Bringman. N. Mass. 0 1 Wi.: Ernest DeSanto. Ill. I. Traverse City. Can. Calif. N. Pa. Wis. Can. W h : Donald Cox.. Baker. Cali!. Pa. S. Spring Lake. J.. Gainesville. Grant.In construction. N. Sler. Tenn. Ind. *: George Rudolph. Neb.: Edwin Moerder. Collinsville. John M.: Worih G. Redfearn. D. I. glue strips of rubber from an inner tube. East York. Burnham.: . Jamaica. Tounsend.: Russell C.: C. North Burnaby. These should be glued and screwed.: Lowell T. Windsor.: George E. San Diego. H. Ozone Park.: Edmund A.: Richard Dietuch. Pittsburgh. Conn. Baylor. Mich. Ga. Jenklns. Waugh. Tex. C. Mikuly.: Thomas Slmons.: William P.: Steve Hudgins. Allentown. South Amboy. Dorchester. O a r n . Fla. Veterans Home. Wash. Ill. Y: Lester C. Chamberlain. Glaze. St.: S. Calif.. S. L m m l l o r d . Columbia. Fla. Valdoi. Bay City. San Diego. L I. Faulkton. side Oesklnp 102 foot 42 foot 4feet I sheet . Pa. A . bottom. E.. E.. Gary. So. Wright. George A. Ill. Calif. Yonkers. Montello.: R.: Donald Fasnacht. C. R. Enmeworth Pqh. England: Carl E. : James J. M c .: W. Y.: Glenn Johnston. Weldwood glue is used throughout except for the bedding of the deck and side rubbing strips.: Donald G. %x 1-inch strips are secured at both the chine and sheer lines for the full length of the kayak. Durham. Glos. Belleville.: J.: Harry E.: Vamck F.: Alex . QUAN. E. Calif. Ind. C. T. San Diego. Schuster. Ind. Hiller. ride Frames.: Edward M. Can. Wilson. Smith. . Watch for names of more winners next n M a y . Burlingame. Pa. I quart of spar varnish. 2 gross o %-inch. I. La.: F r a n k h C. Blaha. W. Two Rirerr.: Robert Blookgood. Glenolden. W. Murray. Nelson. Bronze Anchorfast nails are extensively employed. Sanders. f No. Mo. Prince. S. It is supported by MxY4-inch oak strips fastened to the bottom midway between the frames from B to F.' pi. Auguata. it may be clamped tight with wing nuts. Victoria. J. Pa.: James Farley. Festus. Seattle. G. Harley. Mo. where Kuhls Bedlast is employed. San Francisco. Texas: Maj. Eliabethtown. Westhampton Beach.: Tony Polinsky. Y.: Narcio . Johll's. Donell. B C. Y. Jr.: Clarence Bolterviller. of I-inch bronze Anchorfast nails. Que. The entire interior of the craft is varnished to prevent water absorption by the plywood. Rubbing strips complete the exterior. Cockbain. Concord. C: Rich Woods. Newark. Y: Charles . Ore. h e ..: Gus Guinchard. F. McClellan. Searcy.: Richard G.: Richard N. Peekskill.: Albert Cmndall. Windsor. 1. Phoenix. Long. Lake Jackson. N.: Aldrla M. Bush. Y. Fledereau. N. Radkiewicz. Jr. Ohio: W. Cali.: Hal R. Calif. Mich. Webel. Johnson. 0. H. Ind. 2 eight-ounce cans o Weldwood glue. Clemens. I uirt of orangs marine paint. Donaldsonvllle. N.Norfhwind [Continued from puge 1651 a cover pliable enough to form to the curve of the deck when it is screwed tight. Anderson. one rubbing strip should run along the centerline with parallel strips running fore and aft at 9% and 16 inches from the centerline port and starboard. Kan. H: . Jacobs. N. Earl M. . Ont. Wyoming.SIZE-MATERIAL UE S Frames. Short. Marshfield.: Arthur McDanieL Hutchinson.: W.: Ben H. Richard L Cook. New Market. Omaha.: Sonny Marks. N.: Denny Jones. Ill.: Gerald B Buckley. I quart of white f marine paint. J.: Donald Spurlin. Detroit. I pint of primer. 1 1: Leland Grams. Wm. 1. [Continued from page 1291 Linton.: Marcel Vincent. Amsterdam. Clifton. FPO San Francisco. Homyer. N. New York. When the deck is screwed in position. Rees.r*s"d 2 sheets '/4"x4 x18 Exterior fir plywood 2 . N. Vt. Scott. Middleton. Pa.: Alfred Neumann. Tharkstar. Wash. West Point. Mich. ih: Robert C. Pa. Richmond. Y: Patrick Plarido. Kennewlck. Ohio:' Norton G a s m a n . Wash. Slgel.. N. Riverside.: Clyde and Douglas Buchwalter. .: . Spokane. Sweeney. apart from those used to secure the sheer batten to the frames.: Arthur Frinetti.: Gonnan W. bottom. all nails are one inch in-length. N. N. Lake City. Stephenson.
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