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Adobe Type Library: Type Classifications


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Adobe® typefaces are organized in the Type Classification pop-up menu according to a simplified
version of the internationally recognized system adopted by the Association Typographique
Internationale (ATypI). In addition to the traditional classifications of typefaces by historical origin, we
have added some that are unique to the Adobe Type Library, such as Adobe Originals® and
OpenType® typefaces.

Adobe Originals Blackletter Capitals Computer Related Cyrillic

Within the Adobe Type Blackletter typefaces – These typefaces contain all Typefaces in this group are Named after Saint Cyril, who
Library is a growing collection sometimes referred to as Old capitals and are designed for primarily used for computer- brought modern learning to
of original typefaces that have English or Gothic – were used titling and other display related purposes, such as Eastern Europe, Cyrillic
been designed exclusively for for text in Germany until purposes, where they will numerical scanning or optical alphabets have the same
Adobe by in-house and World War II, but are now primarily be displayed at large character recognition. roots as Latin alphabets
consultant type designers, primarily used as display sizes. –Greek script – and are used
specifically to meet the type. for Russian and other Slavic
demands of electronic languages.
publishing. Adobe Originals
typefaces include both new
designs and revivals of
classics from typographic

Decorative & Display Didone (Modern) Expert Collection Garalde Oldstyle Glyphic
While typefaces in this group Improvements in late 18th The Adobe Expert Collection Garalde typefaces include Unlike letterforms created
incorporate elements from century paper production, character sets are designed some of the most popular with pen or brush, glyphic
many different styles, they are composition, printing and to meet the exacting roman styles in use today. designs are based on letters
most effective when used at binding made it possible to requirements of professional The distinguishing features of carved or chiselled in stone.
large sizes for display develop a type style with typographers and designers. Garalde typefaces are Since most inscribed letters
purposes, such as headlines strong vertical emphasis and These sets include old style apparent in Adobe are capitals, glyphic typefaces
and titles. fine hairlines. Named after (lowercase) figures, small Garamond, which has a also tend to have only
Didot and Bodoni, Didone capitals, fractions, superior horizontal bar on the capitals. Some of these can
types include strong contrast and inferior figures, and a lowercase e, a slightly greater be used effectively for text,
between thick and thin complete set of f-ligatures. contrast between thick and but most are better suited to
strokes, curved strokes on a thin strokes than Venetian display applications such as
vertical axis, and often, serifs types, axis curves that are posters, packaging and book
with no brackets. inclined to the left, and titles.
bracketed serifs.

Greek Hand-tooled, Inline, Outline, Japanese Mathematical Monospaced

Celebrating the beauty of Stencil Drawing on a rich cultural These typefaces include All of the characters in a
Hellenic letterforms, several These display typefaces have heritage, Adobe's Japanese special mathematical symbols monospaced typeface have
Adobe fonts now include a special design appearance typefaces are rooted in used when setting equations the same width. Most
monotonic Greek glyphs, and on the face of the letters, in traditional Japanese typeface and other formulas. typefaces have proportionally-
a few also contain historical most cases the removal of all design, but have a clear and spaced characters, but
polytonic Greek glyphs, used or part of the fill of the original touch reflecting the monospaced characters are
primarily in biblical and characters or the inclusion of modern era. often required when setting
Byzantine scholarship. a distinctive highlight text on forms, financial
engraved or “tooled” into the statements and other

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Adobe Type Library: Type Classifications

left side of the character documents where exact

strokes. spacing is required.

OpenType Pro Opticals Ornamentals Phonetic Sans Serif

OpenType Pro fonts include Optical fonts include versions Ornamental typefaces contain Phonetic alphabets contain Though the first sans serif
expanded character sets to whose design has been decorative ornaments or special linguistic characters (without serif) typeface was
support central European optimized to appear best symbols in some or all of the that are used to describe issued in 1816, another
languages, and some also when printed at Display, character positions instead of pronunciation. These hundred years passed before
support Greek and/or Cyrillic. Subhead and Caption point letters. These ornaments can typefaces are appropriate for this style gained popularity.
The language coverage sizes as well as when used at be used to embellish or dictionaries, language guides, Highly legible for both display
varies by family. smaller text sizes. The subtle decorate documents. linguistic texts, or wherever and text use, sans serifs
difference adds a professional else spoken sounds need to generally fall into one of four
polish to any fine print piece. be typographically categories: Grotesque,
represented. Neo-Grotesque, Geometric
and Humanist.

Script Slab Serif Small Caps & Old Style Swash Symbol
Since a Parisian printer Born out of the Industrial Figures These typefaces contains Symbol typefaces have been
created the first in 1643, script Revolution and the increased Some typefaces include sets special ornamental swashes – created for a variety of nontext
typefaces have become use of posters, billboards and of small capitals and old style or flowing extensions to the uses: musical notation, map
almost as numerous as the other forms of advertising, slab figures to complement the character strokes – that add making, mathematics,
handwriting instruments – serif typefaces, with their regular (base) typeface. In grace and beauty to the newspaper and commercial
brush, broad-edged pen or strong, square finishing these packages, small capitals letterforms. Swash characters publishing, and even desktop
pointed pen – that they were strokes, are extremely substitute for lowercase are intended to be used for publishing. These packages
designed to imitate. Script effective for commanding letters, while old style initialing purposes and as can put the finishing touch on
typefaces often mimic readers' attention. (nonlining or lowercase) decorative capitals. a project or help with
handwriting techniques by numerals replace modern specialized tasks.
joining letters with connecting (lining or uppercase)
lines. numerals.

Transitional Venetian Oldstyle

Containing elements of both Named after the first roman
Garalde and modern (Didone) typefaces that appeared in
typefaces, transitional Venice in 1470, Venetian
typefaces are beautifully suited typefaces were initially
to text because of their designed to imitate the
regularity and precision. The handwriting of Italian
axis of the round characters is Renaissance scholars. These
vertical or barely inclined, the typefaces originated as book
contrast between hairlines and type and still serve that
main strokes is slightly function well because of their
pronounced, and serifs are clarity and legibility.
thin, flat and bracketed

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