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SPEECH FROM THE THRONE . Delivered by

illS IMPERIAL MAJESTY HAILE SELASSIE I

,", i liank the Almighty for enabling us all to observe the 40th anniversary of 1t!I' Coronation, for blessing the services We have rendered to Ethiopia since W(' acceded to the throne ofOur forefathers through His will and the wishes ill' ur beloved people, and for safeguarding the peace of Our nation.

The death, after a long illness, of His Holiness Abuna Basilios who was with Us in time of triumph and trial, has grieved Our people deeply. A great 11lll11, blessed wi th divi ne grace and spiritual power, His Holi ness had cons: an tl y way d for the well-being of his flock in particular and for world peace and ~('.'Ll.rity in general. The loss of our religious leader this year is indeed great; however, \rVe shall always cherish his memory through the lofty and mernorIll)lr deed Our spiritual father has left behind him.

Ever since ''''e assumed the heavy mantle of leadership, the basic strucuu'cs of Our government, including the Constitution and the development Jll'Ogrammes that We drew up for the nation, have opened the road to proHI'('flB for Our people and are presently leading them satisfactorily along the r liurt d path.

Our people have, with the time and the means at their disposal, never 11!'~iHL d from participating in various development projects that are bound to ruhance their progress without disturbing the spirit of their long-standing 1'114'I'dom and unity which they have maintained with great vigilance. We huve been encouraged by the diligence of Our youth in the' pursuit of, and III\:ir brilliance in mastering higher education. Last year Our government lJ('ldevccl major projects in the economic, social and political fields. Many d<'v('lopmcnt plans are proposed for this year.

Mldtifaceted Projects

To brillg' aho ut a rational hangcin the lives of our people, various 1)]'11' I,\('IH ,11'1' lH'illg'lal11L .hcd and. accomplished which may p' rhaps nol IH' readily Ilhvi(lll~ (n H 1~:lHlIHI nhxn\!l:r. l Iowcv '1', in a cordance with Iht' hirel fiVL'-I('111 d.'wlopllll'lll pluurh« I mperin.l [':Uriopi:Lll (:OV('1'lI11[('I1I, ill ('oll,illllC'II()ll Willi

va~ious privat instituti IL8 all 1 ag('lIci('s, IlILH (j(lIll1l1l11,d III " Jllliid II Iill to improve the living con litions or OUt' peopl(' ill {h·ld,~ lil((' (ldlll' 1111111, I1nL • culture, mdustry, mining, highways, air and IIWt1I1{' "OLlllILLILti('[lli(J)JH, I.In/'II,lt light and power and water resourceS .

. In efforts being made by Ethiopia to develop her natural ]'('SI)III'('I'r1. 111M evident that the making of thorough preliminary studies or IIH' (n.~I(H 10 I", later undertaken is indispensable.

.For this reason, vast sums of mon-ey were spent last year in (":tl'l'yiJlg tJl11 studies on the development of the country's mineral and hydroJog-i('1l1 ),1'. sources. In accordance v vith plans drawn up to utilize the forme rly WllHI('ci "v~ters of the out.f1owi·n,e: rivers of the country by conducting' studirs Oil (1l1'lIt WIth the help of friendly nations witha view to harnessing their POWl'I', 1]11' potentialities of the Wabi Shebelle, like those of the Awash andtho 1\1>":1 hi the past, are now under investigation. Similarly, the pot ntiali ti(,M 01' Ill;' Tek~zi; .river in the field. of hydroelectricity and irrigation fanning af'(' lH'illK studied 111 accordance WIth plans drawn forother rivers and lakes. WhplI 1111 pr_Oje.ct materializes following the completion of these preliminary slllllh'H 011

this river, the hydro-electric needs of the people of the northern province will. be fully met .. Surv.eys to utilize the resources of the Omo river are also 1)('il1l-1 conducted. LlkewIse, the necessary survey stations have been establi,q[If'd Willi the view to carrying out studies on ways and means of utilizing the. r<'HOlll'('('N ~f the lakes. of the Rift Valley for the development of' the country. Wau-r d ril- 1ll1g opera tions have been intensified in arid areas like the Ogaclen Borl,t HI Issa, Ye,rer-Kereyu and Haikotch and Butajira to alle~jatc the W~ll!'l' PI'(I: blerns of the people by making sufficient appropriations for these and (lllli'l' rural water resources development'schemes.

The Legadadi dam which We will inaugurate tomorrow, constru.-u-rl Iii a total cost of about Eth. $35 million, will go a long way to allevi:III' 11ll' ~ater ~hortage of Our capital city. The Mai Nafihi Dam costing Eth, $111 Iidl lion will be completed within the next few months to meet the water 11('1'<1 01

the city of Asrnara. .

Electrification

To provide towns in Our Ernpir,' with Rl I fl1("i<-l I I c'ILTlri('ily n ru] II) 1!11. !Jl1owllJ(' exislitlg Iacilitics jn (rdf'l'IO pl'll'v'i(ic' ('IIO\Ij;\'h illdllHlr:iill j'HlllflllMlt

, 7

IIII'IIIM. 1IIIIMIdi I ddl !lIvr'~llllr III \\'II~ IlltlLiI 11_1 I, II \Iillilifl !III' pPII1,Pi I~ !II'III' 111~ IOIIl'l'lp!lO!i Itl 11.11' I" 1.111'1111 11)111'111111111" 1III \'11 li1II0I, i'I'!!vlw'llll 1'j'IIIi'I'~ II1I (11111(1111' 111~l.JlJllIll.l huvr- 1)("·11 liI~11 11111\,1111" IV (it f1lilr·I'flli!:IIi!,Il·d 1'11,,'11'11' ~lllllollil 111 nit' I tho 11('J('dA of' their l!litaIJIIIIIIOI, ()'lllrl l'ma! ('1'1![t' '8, 110W Jl(l( I'llj11V11lf,i; ilw ht11wfiLg or 'kcCl.'h: lig'hl, will I iLIff )1('111' hegin to be provided with 1,III'II"il'ily ftl11o\lving the ornpletion of' studies 1(-1)' tho establishment of add illilllfd pow('J' stations.

11~HpnclaHy today, it is more than self-evident to what extent the speedy I H'I tl"'lw:uL of the living conditions of man and the augumentation of the \\i!'ltl'liJ nud CCOllomic power of a society are based on the utilization of rniIn'l'liI 1'('Mnnt'ccs, The search for minerals is being conducted by the Ministry 1 II M ill!'~ in Eritrea,""Beghiemdir and Tigre, in western Ethiopia in Wollega, Nld 11110, lIlubabor Kaffa and Gamu Gofa with additional funds secured

,

11'1 IlJi tl'iI'IIClly gc:.vernments and the United Nations Development Fund, since 11 Will! rrulized that Our government had to make the necessary preliminary fil uli! H 1!-1 determine the kind and extent of Our mineral wealth. From ex- 1'1111\11 1111111 ~O [i.l.r made there were some promising signs of subterranean "1,11111 It Home parts of the country and the government has entered into III.!II t'III(l111 WIth a number of big foreign firms to prospect for these minerals III 1:1,IIIII'r(hk arl.d Bale and along the sea-coast and the sea-bed in Eritrea. \ II r 11111' work on. these projects is proceeding in a satisfactory manner.

AH it ma'y be recalled, legislation on prospecting for minerals which will ~II.II Hllll'd the ri~hts of foreign investors "those present and those to corne" to l'IlII.,·lpltl('in tll.e development of the country was discussed and passed by 1',I'IIiIlIIH:ut,Wh.en the bill becomes law and the regulations governing its "!';OI'lllinll ar promulgated, We are of the belief that it will assist greatly in the ill,v('lfJpmcl1t of Ethiopia's mineral resources.

W(, IH~~d hl'ought to your attention last year that a draft legislation to 1IIIPI'!!W che system of land administration was to be presented to you. As this 1IIII'Ol'III,lH l~'A'jd<'l..tion affects the lives of the majority of Our people and should IIH'['t'!bl'l' hl' prep"r'ed with the utmost care, it had not been possible to preMI'III till' dl'lLft le~islation for your deliberation last year since additional time Jhl' 1111'1'1111 fol!llrly was required, We had reminded you in the past that in

I H

I (',III n WIIY~llhil plllllhl,pllN III ,,\111 OpIi1'H lJilid [lIl!lIlillllilliluu dllll"'IIHlllllliul 1'11111'111 Iihl'tllHI, III pi 1111 Ipll~ 1,( II If11nW11 (11111 tlll'H' III 1'!if!1I~r,h 1I1'lhll' 1111111 III 1~lhl(lpill n!i~ (1111' lfilllplj', II'HIIII HIJltlll'M NIl liIl' !'III'I'i",d I)UI, II JI!iH 11('('11 dl,I'll V('I't'd '111 1,1 (lilly II sinul] II U'1 of' !biH land liit~ 111'1'11 t\I'Vt'IIl)1t'll. 'I'lie lull 11(1I1~ 1

I inn oj' land ulreudy dl~Vld()pl~d on 11')()c\1'1'l1 IhH'.~, Un' 1'(~g't"atioll or lnudlunl tenant relations and Llll: detinirion or till: ,l'igItL~ or land ownership IinY!' hI'I·11 giv(,n priority in rhc third live-year development plan, and 10 (lii.~ ,·l:Ih'i 1 <irElJ'[ legislation which embodies some beneficial elements from our Inl1111i(lwil land tenure is being prepared in such a way as to harmonize the IhmiJy-llk" relations be tween I an dlords and tenan Is by safeguarding the com 1'11011 Ind individual rights ofevery one and by removing the causes ofIriction OWl' ll~lid, We believe that for a country like Ethiopia, heavily dependent 011 agTicu 111I1'r' for its livelihood, the proclamation of this lawand the measures proposed f1,J't' bound to stimulate the people to work together harmoniously and Chl1f'('hy speed up the country's pace of development.

When God created the earth for man, it was for its use and not thr ilM misuse. This is why Parliament should realize the importance of the n:vi.~Rd draft legislation on land administration. We urge you to deli berate on it "'I 'iLl I utmost care and speed, since the primary aim of this law is to improve till' living condi tions of Our people.

As we mentioned earlier, the improvements we are making from tinw ((I time with regard to the system ofland administration are designed ill HIH'II II way as to enable Our people to work peacefully together and make 1-I'!H!(1 '~I· of the land blessed and given to them by God,

Econorrdc Backbone

It has been so often said that agriculture, including animal hl,lMllltlldl 'I is the backbone of the country's economy. Educational programrn($ unrl jll'lI I jects directed towards the modernization and mechanization of' Eth ioplllil agriculture have been organized and effected for a long time. Vo!e undurauun] very well that agriculture yields satisfactory results when tackled l.hI'OlIgh modern science and technology and not when done in the traditional I'HHldoll,

Insufficient annual harvests could lead to hunger. For 'instance,' !I'll' IJI'II~ blems encountered almost everywhere last year due to the shortage 01' ,Y,"I'(d!J have been a matter of grave concern to every home. W· advise Our p(\opll' it)

rg

I' 1'111H' I II' .un] IIIC'a111 (if't' paUUillg' agl'i .ultural production through intil idn Ii 01' ('0 oprrativc enterprise by utilizing existing educational facilities 111(1 hy H!'(,lll'illg' rr sdits from banks established toencourage the development

III' Oll'l)]iu,ll', II i~ Our hope that every citizen in the Empire who doesn't own I lilt! will a 'quire his own land; and since assistance is necessary to help the IH'oplc' esrublish themselves, We are confident that this assistance will be made

1 111:11)1(' so that none of the land will lie fallow.

"National Issue".'

r" '

It is a matter well known to you that much effort has been so far put in

Ill<' «xpansion of education -- the proven instrument for the social and economic' well-beingof Our people.

Th time has passed when We had to cajole parents to send their children to H .hool. The fact that the people are now seen working side by side with Ih(' g'overnment. for the expansion of education by contributing what they ra.ll~ provides ample evidence that the attitude of parents has undergone a 1'l!f\tJgc for the better. Those who have been educated in the various fields at h 1111' and abroad are contributing greatly in all the endeavours to reach Our ( lu-rished goals. When you members of Parliament were discussing the 1963 11,,(:, p;overnment budget, you were in particular deliberating on ways and Jlli'ii,ll~ of finding new sources of revenue for the development, of education. '1'11(' fiT t that you had promptly passed the bill presented (0 you for levying I Idill nal educational tax for alleviating the problem shows how much you Wi'l'f' preoccupied with this national issue.

lt is the wish and the desire of all that education should expand fast and l'!'lIcl! the length and breadth of the country, and for this to be achieved, itis indispensable that Iin ancial resources be readily available. The demand lor l'dllmlion is doubling every year. On the other hand, the capacity to extn I ('dllcational opportunities is always determined by available fund. Thus, (0 \l'('!'h:l'atc the te1J1po\ '7~ which education is expanding the people must onliJl!!I' .111 lite path' of' strerigthc ning the spirit of cooperation with the govern- 1111'11[.

'(\wlllli('<l1 crlucat iqn should not be I okcd I wn upon as 11(11 1)('li((ill~ 1111("/1 di'i)i(y wlu.u it ,prq an's 011(' Ior SIIeI. jobs as farming, C"ll'(l -ntr [Ilid 11111.110111' I II' 11I'o<i.ll('lioll j~ 10 P!'OIlIIl((' (,11(' progross 01' till' nu tinu, i( tnllHI 1)('

couph d with the dt'!lit'c' LO ill I Iltl' lid 1IIId I 111111, 1\ nil 'II I II H 11'111 11111\ II II fined to cleric lor admiui 11'1111 I' loh~, (\11 llilll III d III I~IIIII nuhl lu Iwll II ~ society when he shows bencf ilal )'I'ltll \IV 11111111 iii 'I III II il III' hi I 1llll,ilillM.

Health Services

1

Since it is the fundamental responsibility of OUf' government 10 Ii III guard the health of Our people, a lot more was achieved last Y 'HI' ill Irl1' 1Illni ing the physical well-being of the nation. Some hospitals and 11111.l1 I 1("1 iilt'~ have been opened at considerable expense and .are now opc.rl!tlillg )1(11'1111111 " In accordance with provisions made to establish a self-sufficient health N('] Il'c in every governorate-general depending on the availability of funds allrl. ~I( iii", I medicalpersonnel as well as giving priority to the eradication 0[' III lIlli' I, 16 health centres were established in rural areas at the beginni ng' of !aMI ('III', Likewise, 46 new health stations are expected to be built this year audio I U'. come operational in 1964 E.C ..

As a result of the thorough studies made of the areas aff t d by ruulm i I and the location of the season when the scourge becomes prevalent, !l11(1 II accordance with the malaria eradication programme to rid Ethiopin mil q!lf tely of the disease,' it bas been possible to protect over nine million II ,(lp]" 11111 year against infection or recurrence of the disease.

In like manner, preventive measures have been taken to 011(1'01 "phlt'llllI diseases like cholera which erupt and affect the lives of people.

The 'country, blessed and bequeathed to the Ethiopian p~()[lh'. III I il II . sive and richly endowed. I n area the country is ample. Then' iH Nt'lIp' I1II Ethiopians to become both employers and the employed, since til' 1IIII'IIII'IIi projects are+distributed widely over the country. As there an: pll.l'c 'II Setit-Hurnera where extensive agricultural projects are proceeding n lit! will I .mployrnent opportunities areavailable for tens of thousands or Ihl'up!r·_ hi

ongregate and be idle in big cities is to harm both oneself and one's "0111111 ,

.Foreign Capital

H II in' th d!X,lblt'd and the physically handicap) cd j~ pari (111'(1111' 11'1 dili~)llal moral dilly, E ('I! lodll ,0111' people are pcrforminjr tlH'ir "I."l'il Iillc

, 1

III'! by illulI'ln l' part ol' what they have with the disabled. An institution IH 1I0W 10 be established by the Ministry of National Community D velopmcut IH(1 :-loGial Affairs to coordinate and administer charitable funds obtained both 111,1 ionally ana from foreign sources with a view to helping the disabled.

'I'h ere are immense opportunities for work in Ethiopia for everybody. It is HOW MOITlC time since new investment legislation was proclaimed with a view III ! 11 outage the inflow of foreign capital. However, the capital inflow from I lima 1 has not been up to Our expectation. One of the facets of Ethiopian poli 'Y in its relations with friendly foreign governments is to widen the avenue I If' mutual economic cooperation. We thus renew Our invitation to all friendly

uelnarrialized nations to participate in Our development programme through 1111'1[' public and private capital. The constitutional framework of the Ethicjlllll vernrnent receives its stability from its pattern of history and tradi- 1011, In order to predict the future of Ethiopian events one should familia- 111'11' oneself with the history and the culture of the people and nation.

Law & Order

Members of the armed forces and the police are each, in their particular J. ('ldA, discharging their duties satisfactorily in the maintenance of law and urder throughout the country, so that the economic development of Ethiopia oontinues in the right direction. Members of the armed forces have shown ['R!'11111ary results since they began participating in civilian activities directed low",)' 1$ the progress and development of the country.

ne of the main events in the political field is the recent meeting here in (>Uf apital of the heads of state and government of the Organization of Afrii't)l Unity. The summit conference discussed various matters of common inIIH'l'~1 and passed the necessary resolutions. One of the reasons why the

)'I't:('HI Ji1 .eting' was called a conference of reconciliation was that since the "i flh .. .nc ' b tween Nigeria and some independent African States was resolved 1)1 t III iri; of brotherly understanding, the continent's bond of unity and solida)'ily was preserved and that this was proclaimed to the whole world.

Al'l'bl.tl.s hav realized more than ever before that it is through th e Orp, lid:!. uiou f Afri an Unity that they can attain their unity and solidarity whirl! iM lhe: central pillar of the continent's well-being and freedom.

22

..

'I'lir Illlit'\I' Ill' ('r1('[ld~hi)l 1~11c1 IllId~ I'II~UIIIIII~\ ~1111!111p' Itltll'lwlldllJI /\~'I' 1111 1IIIIlII1'kH 1111 hl'en Hleadily rnwl!l~ ill'lIllf 1'1' 111111 f III' (I) ('_II'. III II 11'11('1i1 \I III' IHII'til'1' ~prl ern iru Mi ned 1" l~lIl1y Iwl' I'c'll 11\lhlopin lIwllil(' 11!'IHldlOlP' lip, ii' !'udly country or enya has not only l'('hd\)f'(wd the ]ol1g-Rla.lIdlug' ('rllli't'H d I 1'1 11.1 iOI1H bctwe nth' tw nations but has also s t a. ~o I xarnplc to ollt<'I' ,

II addition to str ngthening its ties offriendship with nth r Ali:'kllll (~(lUll

t des as usual, Ethiopia has been also expanding relations with the COUll I r I II \II' America, Europe and Asia. Upon invitations extended to them by II • I I. " I r sident Cevedet Sunay of Turkey, H.E. President Josip Broz THo III Y \.lgoslavia, His Majesty King Frederick and Her Majesty Queer 1 Uf,I; l"lt I ,,,I' D nmark, have paid state visits to Ethiopia. We have also held l:,dkH wll lt His Beatitude Patriarch Nicholas of the Greek Orthodox Church oi Alcxuudria and all Africa, H,E. President Jean Bedel Bokassa of Central Africa» Rrpublic, His Highness Crown Prince Carl Gustav ~f Swe~~n, H.E. Sr-cn lUI' , of State William Rogers of the U.S. and H.E. Foreign Minister Aldo 101'001

Italv.in the course of their visits to the Capital.

, During the visits of these world leaders and higli-ranking om .ials, W {',

were able to exchange views on bilateral relations .md ways and 1111'llllfl 01

promoting world peace, progress and prosperity. . .

We have held important and useful talks with Mr. Macl'[arnura, 1'1'1'~

dent of the World Bank, on ways offurther expanding the parlicip;diol' III till' W.orld Bank in the country's development programmes. Mr. !VI 11,(' N 11111\ I I who visited Ethiopia for some four days through a special invit'llli(~" I' Ie til 1.1 II to him by Us, had toured the sites of the various developmenL prn.li'I'(~l Ilutil I taken with loans secured from the World Bank prior to this CXCh:llIlJ;" (II I I' ~

Foreign Visits

We have also paid state visits to Japan, the Soviet Union, FI';lIU'I' .uul the nited Arab Republic upon invitations extended to Us by these l'1'Ir~,lly governments, During Our visit to Moscow We discussed wj~h.PrCAi(klll, 1:011 gomy and other high-ranking Soviet offlcials matt 1'8 p,ertalfllr'l Co to ]l1)1I11i'll I, economic and ul tural relations between the two euntrics HS wel 1 HN l'~lllt I UPi ing views on the world political scene. A hjgh.level t; .onomic ddq~IIII(111 w 1M

2;~

1~11('('lJlly sent to lite SovleL Union to finalize matters on whi h a,l',TCl:mcnl waH I'" I ched during Our visit. Weare hopeful that the talks We held wi th Prrsidcn l ('llll1 pi lou of France on-relations between our two countries In particular an I

world peace in general would have fruitful results. "

Ethiopia has been .able successfully to acquaint visitors with its an .icnt rultural historyand various aspects of its modern development by participatlllg' in Expo '70 held in Osaka, Japan. By personally atteritling the Expo '70 ., Ethiopia Day" ceremonies and thereby exchanging views with prominent ,ll1pancse businessmen and industrialists, We have been able to talk to .them uhout the particular fields in which they can usefully participate in the developnll'l1l of our cour try.

B:y attending the conference of non-aligned countries in Lusaka recently, WI' had extensive exchange of views with other leaders on effective ways of ill'lIgtheriing world peace. Tn particular the proposals We had presented with l'I'fiI,:u'd to the freedom of our brothers languishing under the yoke. of racialism III Suulh .Africa and South-West Africa have been accepted by the conference.

The continued denial of fundamental freedom to,pand the oppressive rncial domination of, the people of South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Angola,' Mozambique and Portuguese Guinea by the racialist regimes in Southern I\(i'ica poses a-threat to world peace. To illustrate the oppression under which i1wsc p ople live, it is enough to cite the case of the wife oLNelson Mandella unrl other African freedom fighters over' whose trial. the' tyrannical South I\n'iratl Government has not only made a mockery of .itsown laws but has ,dHO trampled under foot the principles of international law. c ;

By going to the headquarters of the United Nations and attending the Silver .Jllbilee celebrations, We seized the opportunity to reaffirm Ethiopia's lu ll supp rt for' the world organization -- the last hope for the security and \1 t'Wlrc of mankind. Going there also gave Us a chance to reiterate the prinL tpl\:~ whi .h We advocated at the discarded League of Nations when the 111i·!(,i.~[ [orces in unprovoked aggression invaded Ethiopia. Had-theseprinciples IWl'11 ;ll'('('pteci, th world would have been saved from the Second World W II' :Illd the United Nations can avoid meeting the .same fate as its predecesIll' 1" ni>s('r'ving thesevprinciples in order to maintain international peace,

l'I'11t'il Y 'In I the well-being of mankind. We also seized, the opportuni ty to

lwld 1111-\'11.1('\1('1 and fruitful talks with President Richard Nixon on' bilateral IllHI i'l'lcall'qll('sli I1S and in genera! on world issu{ls,: !,

I 'q ,

W1H'II WI' v!t,'W Iltt' /,('111'1' rl ill lm'wli iOlml Hillll1liOlI WI' 1'(' dill,i' lit I lilt' IIWllber or illlli n'lLi Ilv!'H I:HI l a result of political cOllni{'.[~ )l1't'vlliliIIK.ltl Iii, 'World h II nger :llld !l iHI':lHI' huvc not Ie rase I. II' mCII WPf'(' 'Work i I '1-1' illl'I'1 i I \I :tncl in can .crt lor III(' prolliolion 0(" world peace and prfl1-','l'('HH, ! !tiM PI( ,1>1"111 'Would have be n solved. We had often expressed the bclief'thal SiIIC(' 11w 'I"!' II powers possess both the wealth and the might, they have a speciall'('fllH IIIH III lit to eliminate the political ills affecting mankind. Have till' gn al prl I'I'M

xerted enough efforts to assume this heavy responsibility i) HeM' Ill!" I rh nu enough in pooling their resources for the benefit of the ,who:c ~J' 11l11I,lI<1)IIli' What has been done for those who have been shorn 01 their '11111 IlLlllI'l!(lIl human rights and are being subjected to inhuman and oppressive lawH'l1 II it tory is waiting for answers to these questions.

Division of Power

In this age of transition, the burden of leadership is heavi 'I:", ull tlu- 1)1111"

because leaders are a link between the past and the future. , ,

It is well known that from the time that We assumed the n'Hpm"H1JlI Iy of guiding the destiny of Our country by accession to the Throm' 01'( )111, IUI'I' fathers, VVe based the government on its three main hranclu-s-« 1111' 111~1'lll tive the Legislative and the Judiciary. Since the functions of'i'al'lllllllll! 1101

, ~ .' 1 - •

the government are defined in the ConstitutlOn, the separat.iou ul 1111' I (111\1 ) ~

must be strictly observed.

Todav the tasks to be undertaken in various fields ofnat iut: II !'IIIIIII\IIIII

are not only becoming more complex but more pressing ill dill I'll I! 1 I III II day. It is for this reason that each one should fulfil his duties and ,~h(l1ddl I 11111 res'ponsibilitles with industry and enthusiasm so that the tasks IlJt!it'lillll I will be satisfactorily executed. Working and thinking for the conuunn f II! II I are dictated by the times in which we live and arc indispensable 1(11' ,III' pilI

gress and dev lopment of a country. ..,

Parliamentary lclibcration demands attentive listening, 1111111111,1 1'!llll

preh msi n, ) rof und an 1 F r-sight d vision, Illldcrst''tn~ing :llIcl thl' Ii,hilll ' 10 cOllvinc(' in an ()!'ckrly numuor. Mal urc vi('w,~ bltHerl on nrqurry ru«! /11l(qHtI It'd by lJ:oo\I'T'()ral~ all 1 sclf-disciplin:'. apar1 l'rom pro luciug Ill!' ti!'Mii'!'cI II

",9

~I iI! II, will protect 011e from making errors or being judged wrongly by others, Inquiry is a magical power that opens the door to hidden rewards and 1llllHl he pursued calmly, diligently and iritelligently toachieve this goal.

M tty the Almighty bless the services you render your country following I[IIK Hp.irit and aim.

1180011

NI)I1R l'fmll'Jl'lolill It, '1"111,1 JllIhlHnlll (lid neus purmc I fl IOIIH til' ('(~I('llj 1'1 II' 'lllfLr[itnti~lltl' IlilllivNIHlil!' dc' Notre Couronncrnent I'l qui ~l hhti I /1 /II'l \I I'I'~ (11H! Nous avona j'r:l1dllK ~, l'Ethiopie depuis que N01l8 HOrrllll('M IIIOllli" HIli' II, IrClnc de Nos andlrl's dc par Sa volonte et de Jar Ic vrnu !I(' Noll'I' pr'\I[Jl!' bicn-aime et qui enfin a sauvegarde 1a paix pour Notre pays,

La mort, apres une longue maladie, de Sa Saintete l'Abouna H[<i~ili!IM, 'Ill I iut avec Nous au temps de l'epreuve comrne du triomphe, a ]J1'nl(l!l(lt~lIIrllr attriste Notre peuple. Grand hornme, beni par la grace divine 'C 1(' pOl]vni! spirituel, Sa Saintete a toujours prie pour Ie bien-etre de son trnupruu I'll particulier et pour la paix et la securite mondiales en general, La, 1)(,1'1!' ill' notre chef religieux cette annee est grande, en verite, et nous devrons I ()ll.in mA honorer sa mernoire en no us souvenant des actions remarq uabl s de ('('1\l'1 1(1I j, fut notre pere spirituel.

Depuis que Nous avons assume la lourde charge de dirigeant, l('~ ,~IPII!\ tures fondamentales de l'Etat parmi lesquelles la Constitution et lcs progTil,1I1. mes de developpement que Nous avons definis pour la nation, ont OUV(~I'1 If' chemin du progres a Notre peuple et conduisent celui-ci de facon ,atiH!ili~f.i1.III' sur la voie ainsi definie,

Avec Ie temps et les may ens dont il disposait, Notre peuplc n'a jamuin cesse de participer aux divers projets de developpement destinca :\ 1I~~lIi'I'1 [I' progres sans compromettre l'esprit de son antique liberte et de HOII 1Il1i!,' !JIl'11 sut preserver avec la plus grande vigilance. Nous avons etc c'I('llIl:I'UK! 11,111 iii diligence de notre jeunesse poursuivar t des etudes superieurcs rll('N 1.1111 II' ~ I III brillarument. L'an dernier, Notre gouvernement a mene 3. bii-n d'illl[1I11111U1 projets dans les domaines econornique, social et politique. De l1onlill'I'IH( pi III de developpement nous sont proposes cette an nee.

Afin d'apporter un changement rationnel dans la vie de Noli'!' PI'lIpll I differents projets sont mis en oeuvre ou s'accomplissent et qui, pCUl~~II'(' HiliI' paraissent pas evidents a un observateur superficieI. Cependani, (!11 nt'I'1I1 II avec le troisierne plan quinquennal de developpernent, Ic gouVt'j'lll':I!II"ld ethiopien, en liaison avec les differentes entreprises et organisations pJ'ivl~!'M, a continue de mener son action afin dameliorer les conditions de vie el(' Noli'!' peuple dans des dornaines tels que l'enseignement, l'agriculturc, l'illdrlM1·1'1!'~ les mines, les routes, les communications maritimes et aeriennes, hl PI'(It1tll'tillll clcctriquc ct les ressourccs hydrauliques.

"

11,!-' ressources hydrauIiques et nlinerales

1)1111 ,h'K ("f' rts qu'elle fait pour mettre en valeur ses ressourc s nat urcllcs, il 'MI I' 1d('lll que l'Ethiopie doit d'abord se livrer a des etudes preliminaires aux I ('11I'tl qui clcvront etre entreprises plus tard et qui sont indispensables. Pour 1,,111 rl'hupurtants credits ont ete depenses I'armee derniere dans les etudes 1111,:"1'11111111 1(' developpernent des ressources minieres et hydrauliques du pays,

! , I ~I "1,1011 des plans concus pour utiliser les eaux naguere perdues de nos lit 11\111, 1111' d(s ·t ',les menees avec la cooperation de pays amis en vue de dlllll]lll'l 1:1 puissance de ces eaux que Ie potentiel du Wabi Chebeli est en Ii 11 II I' 11'1' r~tlldie comme ce fut deja le cas de l'Aouache et de l'Ab bave. De IIU 1111 II' pOll'nti I de la rivier e Takkadz e en ce qui concerne la production de III jll II il il ' d I'irrigation est a I'etude en accord avec les plans mis sur pied 11111111 I'-'q!loikl' les ressources d'autres rivieres et merne des lacs, Quand ces I IIIIII'M I m"1 iminaires seront terrninees, le projet se materialisera par la satis- 1111 I II11 11)1 ulc des besoins hydro-electriques des populations des provinces illl 11111'( I.

()11 :t ('galemef1t entrepris des etudes en vue d'utiliser les ressources de II I'ivih' 01110, De merne, des stations detudes ont ete mises en place afin de tl '1\111-\('1' lex moyens d'utiliser les lacs de la vallee du Rifi: pour Ie developpe- 1111'111 <It' la region,

I,\'M operations de forage de puits ont ete in tensifiees dans les zones arides !It' I:Ogac1en, du Borana, des Issa, du Yerer et Kereyou et Havkotch ainsi 1111(' Buindjira pour resoudre au profit des populations le probl~me de Iali- 1I1t'11111!iOIl ('II eau et cela dans Ie cadre general de la recherche hydrauligue 1'111'11, II',

1,1' barrage de Leguedadi, qui sera inaugure dernain et qui a coute 1'11\'11'1111 :~5 millions d dollars ethiopiens, mettra un terme au manque' d'eau 1!l1i 1IIl('11t~'.N,()t.r , apitale et cela pour de longues annees. Quant au barrage dl' 1\ rt 11:1.1 ihi , qui coutera dix millions de dollars, les travaux seront termines d'lI'i ql1("lqw·s mois .e qui permettra de satisfaire les besoins en eau de la ville ! I'AN 111111';1,

POlO' 1(l1lt'1dr suffisamrncnt c!'6lcctricite aux villes de l'Empirc cr pour 1Il11(llilll'I'I' I(IH iustallnr ions {'xisllll1({'S rlrst inccs 8 (ournir StlUisamm('nl elf 1IIIIIi '1'(' PI dl' IbrcI' (It'clriqll{' 1111' hl'MOiliH nctur-Is ct I revoir en Ill. "me urnps uur- 1"'ol'lllIin\' illdliHit'illliHnli!JII, d{'M ill I'HliHH('I1H nrs mnsi ICl'ahl('s 0111, (0((,

II

II dll!\ 1'111 dl'lli , I 111111 I, 11101, IH 1""'11 d' III' 14'1'lldlll\~, l'iillllH 11'1 (11111'1, I' II tll'Il~(il!'(:ll i'llll' lit 11'111111111 1)1 11I11(1.~ ('('11(1'1' pl'O 'iJli ii1II.' ("hi '1111' (:111111111 1'1 Djimm» (1111,"11\ 1\,11111\1['111 11i1l11\'II~ dl'I"'1i(I':ill'M rll'('ll'ilJlll'~ 11111011111111' 1"1111 Yldlil'!' nux lJ("~llill" III' II'III'~ hubiturus. C('I'(HiIIS (,('Il(I'I"~ l'111'HII. 11(111 1'1111111 ~kC:lrifi{'~ SCl'O!!!, ;\ pn r+ir (Ie celt.c annec pourvus d'Installation« Ht'I II I I 1(' plllil qui prcvoi i l'i.IISlilll~l!illll ell' ccntralcs supplcrnc-ntuire».

II est plus qucvi dcnt, surtout aujourdhui, que l'amcliorntiunrnpirh: "PH conditions de vie en merne temps que 10. puissance cconomiqlH' c1'1111!' HIII'illll\ s(' forident sur l'utilisation des ressources minerales. Lcs r('t:h{'l'dl('~ lllililt"I'I'M s nt entreprises par le Ministere des Mines en Erythrcc, clans 1(' Bq,\'III'IIIIII'I', dans le Tigre, dans le Wollega, dans le Sidamo, dans I'Llloubn.lxn', I:IIIM II' KafTa et dans le Guernou Goffa avec l'aide financier de pays ~ulliH 1'1 rlu Fonds des Nations Unies pour le developpernent, et cela C!C] uis qu'jl :1 1\11\ compris que Notre gouvernement devait entreprcndre les etudes pr('linrill:dl'('~ necessaires pour determiner la quali te et la quantite de nos rich sses Illil,lIir:ti('H, Les prospections realisees jusq u 'ici ant fourni des signes prorncucurs I'll ('('I'· taines regions elu pays et le gouvernement a pris des accords avec d'iIlIIH)1' tantesfirrnes e.trangeres pour qu'elles assurent la prospection dans 1(, l lur rargue et le Bale ainsi que dans la zo ne cotiere et les fonds marins d(' I' EI v three. Et deja la mise en ceuvre de ces projets se dcroule de faC;011 S:ll iHI:1 i~l1llll'

Ainsi qu'on peut le rappeler, Ie Parlement a discute et a loptr lilli' "~I,ilill

tion miriiere destinee a sauvegarder les droits des invest iss{,l1!',~ i"j 1'1111 \1'1 ~ presents et a venir dans leur participation au developperncut e111 PII)'H, \\ I" la promulgation des textes dapplication, cette loi, NOLlS k- l'I'OYOllfl, Ilidl 111 grandement le develo ppement des ressources mirieralcs dcl'Ethiopil"

La Refor me Fonciere

ous avons attire votre attention, I'an dernier, sur le fait Ill(' dPH jilcli 'I~ ill loi destines 3. arrieliorer le systeme fancier VOLlS sentient I r{'S(,l1tl'H, (:111111111 cette irnportan te legislation aflecte l'existence de la majorite de Not!'I' 1H'11[1I1' et qu'cllc dcvuit done etre prcparee avec le plus grand soin, il n':lvniIIHIH 1"11' possible ell' proposer ccs rextcs a vos deliberations l'an dcrn icr du i':Ii! till 1I'IIljlli supplcmcntairc nrcr ssair a une {~lu(k plus approfondic NOIIS V()ll~ II\'il)1111 I'U PJlvi(o nag\l(>]T ("1\1'\'11 1111 certain scns cc qu'on pourrait uppcler In "Jlltilol(l 111)i(''' 1111 svst: IlW l')I1ci('I' (O(hiopkn dimT!' (Jll('lql1<' r)('11 d 'S prllli(Jli('~1 11111

'0

I' 1111('11 ~I l'etrangcr. On sait qu'en principc il y a aSS("/' dl' terrcs :1,l'ahlnH cu EIIIIOpic. pour tout le peuple. Mais les etudes ant fait apparaitre qu'unc 1 d,itl' I" 11'1 j(' S ·ulement de ces terres etait effectivernent mise en valeur. La I lcino 1IIIIiM uion des terres deja exploitees selon des methodes modernes, l'a reglcuuurution des rapports entre proprietaires et metayers, la definition des droits dl' propriete de la terre sont des objectifs prioritaires du troisierne plan quinI II n-nnal de developpement et, a cet effet, des projets de loi tenant compte des 1~11~lllt:n ts benefiq ues de notre svsteme foncier traditiorinel sont en cours de prepnrution. Ces projets de loi seront prepares de facon a harmoniser des relaIlflllH de type quasi lirmilial entre proprietaire et exploitants en sauvegardant II" droits collectiis et individuels de I'un et l'autre et en faisant disparaitre les I'n lIH('S de frictions.

Nous croyons que pour un pays comme l'Ethiopie, dependant largement r lr I'agriculture, la proclamation de telles lois et les mesures proposees seront til' nature a stimuler les gens a travailler ensembleharrnonieusement et, par ~'(llIH('qll nt, a accelerer le developpernent du pays.

Quand Dieu crea la terre pour l'homme ce fut pour un bon usage et non 1'11111' un mauvais. Voila pourquoi le Parlement doit comprendre l'!mportance d!' l t' proiet revise de legislation fonciere. Nous vous dernandons 111stamme~t Iii' lclibcrer sur ce sujet avec Ie plus grand soin et rapidement car Je but pnrnordial de cette loi est darneliqrer les conditions de vie de Notre peuple.

La modernisation de l'agriculture

()Il n. souvcnt dit que I'agriculture, y compris l'devage, est lepine dorsale <II' ['('col1ol11ie du pays, Depuis longtemps deja, on a organise et mis en oeuvre ! lc'M programmes educatifs et des projets destines a moderniser et a mecaniser l'ilwiclIlt.ur' thiopienne. On comprend aisernent que l'agriculture fournit 1111 nu-illrur r nel ment quand elle est conduite selon les methodes modernes ~j'li'lIliJiqu S ct techniques plut6t que selon les methodes traditionnelles. Des l'c"('olil'H annucllcs insuffisantes peuvent causer la famine. Ainsi, l'anelernier, h'H pl'uhlhtl(,S poses pr sque partout par un manque de cereales ant cause dc' p,l'a 11:-1 preoccu] ations dans tous les foyers. Nous conscillons a Notre peuple II '" 'pIOI'C'I' ll~" IllOYCllR d 'accroitrc la production agricole dans 1cR exploitations hHllvhlllt'll~'H 0'11 I:O()pl~n'l.UV(:8 en utilisant 1 s donnees nC!III'II!'H ell' In formation pl'IJ[!'~Hi(llllli'''(' ('1 I'll utiliaun] Il:s 'I'C Iits fournis pm' II'M II 111!(11('M d01l1 It- 1 ut

::lO

"HI rI'I'IlI'Cllllllfill 111111111111 Nnml I'HPI~i'llill (jIll' t lt I!!IW I 1(1 I'll dll l-gllllIlIl' 11'11 Iii' 1;01 I'd .. IlilM I'll! 1111 Ii" 1"1'1'(' voudrn IIlL'i! "il !I'ClIII I 1. I!\I pili 1I11'111il ds~i~I:IIl!'I' f'f1( 1I1~1'('K .ill (' 1'"111 iddn I('H g('IIH:\ ~'(11 ihlir, NOIIH IIOllliill'M IWI'HIIIICII tlll'llil(' 11,11(, flH~dflllllill' ~1'1'11 n('('('ssihl(' :'1 1(lIIY fit' 1':\(;(111 Ijlll.' 1111I1l' 111111'1'111' 111' I ('!'I'(' 11(' 1'( 'S I (' ('! I 1'1'; (' 11 f',

L' enseignentent

Vous savez parfaitement quun gros effort a {tt fourni I'll 1:IVCIII' d('I'('II~I'1 ,111' ment Jequel est un instrument eprouve pour Ie bien-rrrr social c: ('I'OIIl)llllqlll' de Notre peuple Le temps n'est plus ou il fallait supplier lcH pal't'illM (['1'11\'11\'('1 leurs e nfants a l'ccole Ce tre attitude des parrnls a change till (0111 :1111(1111 ! 11111. me on le voit lorsqu'ils travaillent Ja main clans la main «\'re 1(' ).1,'(111\'('1'11('1111'111 en contribuant selon leurs possibilites a l'r-xpa nsi 11 Icl'cm('j IH']111'1l1, (:('11 qui ont re~u un enseignemen t varie tant ici qu'a I' ctra nger, crm I ri In H'III lill'PoI' men! a to us les efforts vers les objectifS que nous nous proposons. [,()1Stlllt', I'll taut que membres du Parlerrient, vous avez discute du budget ell' 1!1()'\. \'Ilil~ avez delibere en particulier des moycns de tro uver de nouvelles KOIII'('t'M til' revenu pour Ie developpernent de lenseigne rnen t. Lc Ia.it <111(' VClIIH 1\'1 I promptement adopte Ie texte qui VOLIS eta it presente et par lr-qur-l uur IHlll\ 1'1 le taxe se rait levee pour aider a resoudre ce problerne monnx- liicn ('Illlillil II cerre question d'ord re national vous preoccupait.

C'est le souhait et It' desir ele tous que I'expansion d(' I 'I'JH.ll'i,...,l I '1111'111 II I r a pide et atteigne l'enscrnble du pays, mais, pour ccla, il ('~I llidi 1"'II~lIill' que des ressources firiancieres soient j mmediaternent cl ispnu i Illc'H, II'" I 111111 I II denseignernent, la demande double tous les ans. D'autrc PIlI'I, III 1111 jilill cl'expansion de I'enseignement est toujours determiner par IC'M l'llld tH IN ponibles. Afin don daccelerer Ie rythme de l'cxpansion Jt. pl'llpll' do I (1111 tin uer ~l raffcrmir son esprit de cooperation av c Ie gOllvrrnCI\1('IJI,

L'enscigncmcnr technique nc doit pas etre considcrc C,OITlITII'I'UII11'illll' III dignirc quan I il s'agit de preparcr a des metiers tels que l'agriculllll'l', I,I ( II II pell t rie, la rnaconnoric. Si l' cnseignemcn I doi I I TI mouvoir In PI'IlM I'!'~I rh- III unt ion , il doit allcr (Ie pair avec lc desir d"'l('complir lin rravnil utik- 1'1 N(~ II! III kq 111'1 IH' sc confine pax dans ks professions arlm i niHll'al iWH, II Iii' dill! I Hl~ )' nvoi r d(' discrimhuuion ('fllt't' l.eR rrll"tinH dumorneut qll(' ('l'llii qlli ,I IIp]!d~ apl'!Il'i(' 1111 h('lIll1l'!' ('OIltl'C)labl(' ~ In H(H'i!tlt~,

:i I

'I I S "llC Pubflque

1,1 I I' IptliIHlIllijil(' Ihlldamcntale du gOllVCl'I erncnt etant Ie pi'l"HI'i v 'I 1:1 Halll!' fito III Pop\1ia.lioll, dr-s efforts i rnportants ont ete fournis I'au dcruicr \'11 .cc qui 1'01111'1'11i' i<- bi('n-('(re physique de la nation, Des h6pitaux t de nornbreux Ii 11l1('IlHn:ll'('H onl ele ouverts a grands frais et travail lent maintenant norm,alciWill. H('i!',(' centres de Sante ont de fond es clans les regions rurales au debut dl' I' liJII~I' d erniere selon les decisions qui avaient de prises tendant il Ftablir 1111 '11'1 il~<' (It: sante autonorne dans chaque Gouvernorat General all fur et .1 1111'11111'1' que lcs credits seraient disponibl~s ainsi que If' personnel medical 11I_llllil, 11'.11 lant aussi a donner la priori te a l'eradieation du paludisme. De Illj Il\l', II) uuuvcaux dispensaires seront eonstruits cette annee pour devenir

IIW 111I nJllH'lH ('n 1964,

I I 'lId1111 des etudes approfondies realisees dans les regions irn pa lud ees

! I III II 1IIIhlillii 1ft saisori ou la menace s'accentue, il a ete possible de proteger 1I111f1 til III'"!' millions de personnes, l'an dernier, contre l'infectiori OLl la reI11II1 III I' d~' lu maladie. et cela dans le cadre du programme d'eradic8tion du II dlill WI' 11!~~line a debarrasser compietement l'Ethiopie de ce fleau ~e I I JUi'j d' mcsures preventives ont t.te prises pour contr6ler les maladies

I' d [\11 til( III Ii qui, en se repandant, pourraient affecter des vies h umaines.

I ~"I travail et l'etn.ploi -'

Ill' ]illyH donne a ce peuple ethiopien est une terre benie, grande et richement dill I~C', d' unc vaste su perficie. Il est possible aux Ethiopiens de devenir a la !tllt! 1'lllployt'lit'S t employes tant les projets de developpement sont largement tlIMII'il)lIl"s dans l'ensernble du pays, Du moment gu'il existe des endroits com- 1111', '1'1 i I I J ourncra ou cl'imm nses projets agricoles se developpcntdonnallt des iii ihiljl(~s cl'crnploi a des dizaines de milliers de personnes, il apparait que le 11,11 ell' H'" 'g'lomhTl' dans les grandes villes OU 1'on trouve pelt d'emplois est un <ill !if "'I' PUIII' soi-mern omrne pour le pa ys,

I\i(kt, It'M malh ureux et les handicapes physiques fait parti - de notre

ill' IliI' 11101':d l'l'aditionnel. Encore aujou.rd'hui, Notre peuple montre qu'il (','il !'llIll'illlllll' <'I) pnrlageHl11 tine part (Ie ce qu'il H avec les malhe urcux. Lc Millis- 111'(' lil1 1 )(~v('l()pp('mcnL lommunautnirc ('1 dl'~ Affair 'A Socialcs va bi(,lll( I illl'lIl'(' Mill' pi('d un Ol'galliRltlC' d('Nlill(\ :'lI'ilOI'd()I!1I1't' ('1[\ aclministrur I('H ri)JII!~ I dl Illiiililllll'!Hll'ilnlllt, pnlWwillt (iI' II!!I 'I' 1IIIIilllli\ll',~ 1'1 (olrHl1p;h'I'S .dill cil'

:1

1\'1111' 1'1 \ Iii'" 1111 1111 III I II111

II Y I' d'llll 111111111 III~ II lil!~H d!' Imv:tillllllll' tuut Ir- 111111111" r-u Eth !111 ['I II a dl~,iL 1111 I !'III II 1t'1I11 M 11'1(' IllIWllVl'II(, h~ iH1:t111111 til' 1"1 lu !' liHH'lIl1'lltl1 rt (010 pl'nf'ial1l!~I' nlln tI\'I1(, iuragcr l'alllux des cupituu C-[I'allg!'I'H, 'I'llllll,lhl ,

eel afflux 1(' ru pi tnux d(' l'cxtcricur n'a pas Ct{~ a11S~i ('levt" 1[11(' IlllllH 1'1I11t'11 dions. L' u n des aspects de la poli tique ethiopicnnc dam SI.'S l'PI;lt i()ll~ II \11'1' h'l gouvernements ami eonsiste a elargir les avenues dunc ('()op('nl!iOIl 11('11110 mique mutuelle. Nous rencuvelons done notre invitation a tous 1l'H pily,~ hidustrialises arnis de participer a notre programme de dev loppcrncnt JiV('(' leurs capitaux publics et prives, Le cadre constitutionnel du g'OIlVl'i'III'IIII'111 ethiopien doit sa stabilite a l'histoire et a la tradition. Si I'on veut dOlll' pd' voir I'avenir de l'Ethiopie il faut se familiariser avec I'histoire 1 la clIlIIII'!' rlu

peuple et du pays,

Dans leurs domaines particuliers, les membres des Fore s i\rmt''(',~ 1'1 (i(' la Police accomplissent leur devoir de facon satisfaisante en mai III vm III I I'ordre et la loi dans le pays afin que le developpernent economiq uc dr- l'Elbio. pie puisse continuer a se derouler dans la bonne direction. Les I1WnllJI'('H !l1'M Forces Arrriees ont enregistre des resulrats exemplaires depuis qu'ils Oil! 1'11111- mencc a partici per aux aetivi tes civiles visant au progres et au devcloppr-n 1(' Ii ( du pays,

Le Sornrnet de 1'0. U .A.

Dans le dornaine politique, l'un des evenernents principaux a ('ill III 111('1'1111' reunion dans Notre capitaIe des chefs d'Etat et de gouverncrncut eli' 1'( 11 ~ I ganisation de I' nite Afr icai ne. La conference au Sammet a clis(,III(~ til' Ii I Ierents problernes di nteret mutuel et adopte '1 s resolutions n6cessail'("~. 1,'11111

I raisons pour lesq uelle e He reun ion a ete a ppelee con fcrcnr« <i(' Iii II

concilation a ete que, lcs diflerends entre lc Nigeria ct certains Elal)! illdl~I"'l1 clants d ' Iri III ay nt ete r~gle~ dans un esprit de. cornprch nsi 11 (bl<'l'lI('111\ II'~ lien, dunite t de: solidaritc Iu onrincnt OM (~h~ preserves ('I CJIlI' ('I'lot 1I 1~ll\ Ill'or'lame' ;\\1 mOI1('k r-nt icr.

PIli,'; quI' ja mais, Ic~ Africain« out co m pris Cjll(' ("'csl par l'Org'[Illimlil!l1 II.!, l'Ullilr AJ'l'ic;tilll' qu'ils IW\IWlll (·()ll.~I'rlll1T kilt' unite ('I I{,lll' Hlllillnl'ilt\ )tll'IT(' :l!lg'lIi;til'l' till )lit'II-~It'(' l'l dl' 1:\ lil)('I'I{~ <111 continent.

i

I"P~I JI'il Il'al 11 i 1 ill ('( de coruprchcnsion 'ni rc lcs pa ys indepcndants cl' A['l'i<J lI(' t'~1 III'VI'IIII. tic- plus CIl pl IS fort I'anncc en anncc, En particulicrjl'uccord 11'lIlllllli(,t, ~ilJ,'n(" r<" cmm .nt entre l'Erhiopie et son voisin et ami Ie I<JnY(I, a 111111 IlI'll1"I1IC'I1(. rcnforce les vieilles relations fraternelles entre les deux pay' 1IIIIiH II :IlLHKi donne un bon exemple aux autres pays,

1.0I'1i([11(' lc President Kenneth Kaunda et Madame Kaunda ont fait une I'lt Ill' n()kil')le a Notre capitale sur l'invitation que Nous leur avions faite, nous II,"IIIM dlH!'lItr en detail des relations entre nos deux pays en particulier et de 1,1 II d I'I! Ie- h.t..Sccu~ite internationales en' general.

1"'[1 pll1M de ce renforcement habituel de ses liens darnitie avec les pays II I It ~1 I 1M, I'I~I hiopie a accru ses relations avec divers pays el' Amerique, 11'1",[ III I Ill' l'l d' Asie. Sur Notre invitation, S.E, le President Cevdet Sunay ti, 'l'IIIIII!i!', i'l,E. le President Jossip Broz Tito de Yougosiavie, S.M, Ie Roi 11'1" dl~' k rl S, M .. la Reine Ingrid de Danernark, ont fait des visites officielles III 1'~lldqpi!',

N!lllH avons eu aussi des conversations avec Sa Beatitude le Patriarche Nil'llluN d il'Eglise Orthodoxe Grecque dAlexandrie et d'Afrique, avec S.E. ", Pd'KidcntJean Bedel Bokassa de Ja Republique Centrafricaine, avec S.A,R. II' l'riucc Heriticr Carl Gustav de Suede, avec S.E, M. Burham, premier minisrn- de Guyana, avec s.r. Aldo Mo ro, ministre des Affaires Etrangeres 11'1 lal il" au cours de leurs visi tes dans la capitale,

Au cours des vi sites de ces dirigeants mondiaux et hauts personnages, des VIH'H (1111 pu etrc echangees sur les relations bilaterales et sur les voies et moyens !II' prnrnouvoir la paix moridiale, le progres et la prosperite ..

Nous avons eu des conversations utiles et importantes avec M, MoNamaI'll, pl'(\~id .nt de la Banque Moridiale, sur les mayens d'augmenter la particiJill I il)lI til' let Banque Mo ndiale aux programmes de developpernent du pays, M. Mal' Narnara, qui a visite l'Ethiopie durant quatre jours a la suite d'unr 111 lrntiou specialc de Notre part, a passe En revue les sites ou son t executes I!'H dilTcl'('1\ls I rojets de developpernent entrepris grace aux prets de la Banqur Mowlinll' conscntis avant cet echange de vues.

NOllH avoris aussi effectue des visit es olficiclles au Japan, m Union ,sm·i(.

Ilijll!" rn France ('I en Rcpublique Arab« l')lie rr'pondaru a i'invitarion cie iT, ~\OIIV!"I'tH'll!( 11tH amis, Pendant Nom- vl.4ilt' 11 MOHi'OIl) nous avons disc\II(; ;lVI'!'

'II

I!, 1'[,(~ltldl'lll Jlod I1111 II 1\' 'I lI'IIIII't'H dlr f',t'lIlljlt /l(lvh\llqlll'~ III' HII !'I~ !I'II1(I'~ 1111, 1'('lalioIlH 1"111 pi' I 11'IIIUillll(jUI'H I'l t'1I]II11't'lltH "LIII'I' 1111/1 IIl'llN [lllyH 1'1 IIOUM avons (-1'1 HI,' 11.11' t11'N 'V 11(~i'I sur la pof tiquc moudlule, lJ Ill' d!\I}M'lIl (III II, 111111 miquc de haut niveuu a (:(:6 recemmcnt I:IIVOY(>I' !'II Union H(ivil~liqlH' 11(1111 parapher Jes accords pris lors de Notre visitc.

Nous esperons que les conversations que Ncus avons !'til'S 11\11'(' 'Ie, 111 !1~i, lent Pompidou, en France, sur les relations entre nos d("IIX pnYH !'1 ~III' !II paix mondiale en general auront de fructueux resultats.

L'Ethiopie a reussi avec succes a faire connaitre son antique ('1!l11II'I' !'I II'H differents aspects de son developpernent econorniq ue '11 parti ~ipa!ll 11 "I';x I'll 70" qui s'est tenue a Osaka, au Japan. En participant p .rsonnclk-nu-n: :'1 II Journeede l'Ethiopie, a cette "Expo 70", et en conversant avec d'iIllJlIH'IOlIII industriels et hommes daffair es japonais, Nous avon, pu tv qucr I('H <IilJ("I'I'IIIM domaines dans lesquels ceux-ci pourraient participer urilerncnt (Ill d<" (111IPjH'W ment de Notre pays.

En participant recernment a la conference des pays non al igll('s H 1 ,IIH iku,

Nous avons eu de larges echanges de vues avec de nornbreux clirig'!'HII(1i NIIl les moycns effectifs de renforcer Ja paix mondiale. En particulicr, ks pl'OJlliM tions que Nous avons faites concernant la liberte de nos freres courbrs H(1l1H ii, joug du racisme en Afrique du sud et dans Ie sud-ouest africuin olll !"1,1 II' ceptces par la conference,

Lc deni de leurs li bertes fondarnentales, la domination r(l('i,ill' I! pi ill' Iii I'i' des pruples d'Afrique du sud, de Namibie, du Zimbabwe, ch- l'I\IIMollI, till Moz.ambiq ue et de Ia Guinee Portugaise du fait des regimes raciHI('fI"11 A I'li I [III australc constituent une menace pour la paix mondiale. POll!' 11111111 'I Mill'. quellc oppression vivent ces peuples, il suffit de citer Ic CHI' (140 1'I{pHII' ill Nelson Mandela et d'autres combattants africains de la liherl(' dOIl( " jill II I ~ a non sculcrnent tcurne en derision les pro pres lois du g-OllV{'I'IWIIII'111 1111 I africain mais a aussi Ioule aux pieds les principes d la loi intcrruuiounlr-,

En assistant a la celebration du d ixieme anniversaire de l'illdl"jll'lld 11I1 I clu Nip;(Tia, a Lag-os, jour qui a marque la fin de la guerrc civile dim 1'1' Pll\~ ('( la rcst a uration de I'un itc lc son pcupic, Nous avons ell l'OC('ilHIOII Iii' 1'1'111 [;1'111('1'" au C(ncn.l.l Gowen (iJIC ln paix ct l'u nit \ au Nigc']'ia POlU'I'(III[ (0 lI,jlli 1111 (,OJr1p(('I' Sill" Ie S0111i('n de l'Elliinpic.

J\pn\s l.ag-oH, Nous NOLIS soll111WS rr-nclu a u Cail"!' pOll1' aSf1i~I!'I' 1111)( 1'11111\ r:ti!lni dr' NOII'(' pn)('Ii!' ami h' r)I'(I,~idnl! NaRsI'T ('I pnl'(;lfJ,'!'j' 11,1'11:11-\1'111 til' III

1lllilllll/l,vpl (lilli, lllllilid 1,11111 HIII.I till 11M I II,," II jlll'llllIil' !III I

1II'Idlillii Hi'.lwl dlt'IHI' i111 p II' j "II HIli' 11111111'1 rlu 1'1' ddi II( N IM/H'I"

1",0 NII!lH l't'lIdlllll 1111 Hi!"~'I' cil M Nil OHM (Jllh'H I~L t'.11 lIKMiMl:lll( A 1:1 ('rl~l>t'lI'1,111 d"h'III' ,iubi!,\ NOUH uvous HaiHi "O!:(lilldoll de r(udlil'lTI .r It: souticn pi rin ! 1 I II( (', lin n:lliiopi ' fl. l'Organisaticn mondialc qui. r st 1, d rni 'r eSl oir IlllIlI ht 11I~1J1I1'i1~ d, II' bouhcur de l'humanitc, C la Nous a p rrnis aussi d red II I11I pl'illl:ipt:R que Noua invcquions devant la Ligue des Nations quand 1 s IIII'I'I'N 1'11Hllilll(~H, pHr une agression non' provoquee, envahirent l'Ethiopie. Si

iliII'H l'roM principes avaicnt He acceptes le monde aurait ete preserve de la 1!l'lliHlll. p;ut:I'I" mondiale. Les Nations U nies peuvent eviter ce merne sort 'lid dl~!l'lliHil 1M, S.D.N. en observant ces principes afin de maintenir la paix 1l11'1'III,li.OI.IHitl, la securite et le bien-etre humain. Nous avons egalement saisi I'III'!' iMiell1 pour avoir des conversations fructueuses avec le President Richard

III 1111 Mlll'leH luestions bilaterales et africaines et sur la situation mondiale.

( ) land Nous considerons la situation internationale, Nous constatoris II Ill' II' nombrc des victimes innocentes resultant des conflits politiques preV dUIl( dlUlij I, monde, que la faim et la maladie n'ont en rien diminue. Si les 11,1111 ilH'H travaillaient sincerernent et de facon concertee a la promotion de la pl1 rnnndial et du progres, le problerne aurait deja ete resolu. Nous avons

(1I1V'rllt eXl rime Notre conviction que puisq ue les grandes puissances pos- 1dl'II1 In fois la richesse et la force, il leur revient une responsabilite speciale [111111' I~lhnjl'l '1' les maux politiques qui affectent I'hurnanite. Ces grandes puisM 1111 I'K nut-elles consenti assez d'efforts pour assumer cette grave responsabilite?' I )ll(~['III'H fait assez pour mettre leurs ressources en cornmun pour Ie benefice

I!' l'humanite tout entiere? Qu'a-t-on fait en faveur de ceux qui ont etc pdVI"N de leurs droits humains foridamentaux et qui sont soumis a des loi. (1'01)1 )I'( .. q,~ ion inhumaines?

1,'11 i~I oi re attend des reponses a. ces questions.

J.lCH trois pouvoirs

1'~1I 1'('1 ['(' (opo IU ; de transition, caracterisee par des expectatives 110mbl"U~('H, II' p(lid~ rlu pouvoir B fait plus IOUI'd sans doute pare que 1 s dirigcants 11ft 111'1'111 II' lieu l'ITI1'1' le pass> ,t I'avenir.

t)11 HlI,i1 qll!: du jour errl NI us avons aasume la l'CRpm sabilite <:1<' ~l!1 11'1

1('1 d' Illlt~('~ dc' N'llir 1111\' I'll lIHHllllit Mill' j" '1'1' Ill' Iii' NOI 01.1 (\11l'H. NII!I~ avonu ii nd ~II' gUll 1'1111'1111'111 N1l1' leI! lr'lIi~ PtHIV('lit'H pl'il1('i.p III : I' I",K!~('IIIII, Ie L "gislatiC et I ' Jut! id nlr Lcs fonctions de .hacun de: (',PH POII'VIli;'1j 111111 definies par la Constitution, leur separation doit €:trc stri ctcmcru OIJHl'l'VI\["

Aujourd'hui, ies taches qui doivent etre cntrepriscs sur lc pial I 1111(11111111 devieunent non seulement plus complexes mais aussi plus In:xxallt"H dr' .it)!li' en jour. Pour cette raison chacun doit rernplir son devoir et cndossct H('H 1"'11 ponsabilites avec competence et avec enthousiasme de telle sortc 1[11(' I"tl taches entreprises soient executees de facon satisfaisante, Travaillcr I~( IWIIII'" en vue du bien cornrnun, cela nous est dicte par les temps que nOUN vjvnllfl !" ce1a est indispensable au progres et au developpement du pays.

Les deliberations parlernentaires requierent une attention constaute, !If' 1a comprehension mutuelle, des vues a. la fois profondes et lucidcs, l'[ltI.bil!'ll~ a convaincre d'une maniere ordonnee. C'est par des vues marquees 11[11' 111 maturite, fondees sur des faits verifies, soutenues par la morale ct lu discipliu« persormelle, qu'on atteint les resultats escornptes tout en se gardant til', t'I'. reurs ou des jugements erro nes d'autrui. La verification des faits est ('0111111(' un pouvoir magique qui ouvre 1a porte des recompenses cachees ct cluil H'W'complir dans le calrne, avec intelligence et diligence afin datteindrc lc hili.

Que Ie Tout-Puissant benisse 1es services que vous rendrez a VOII'I' pi H, dans cet esprit et pour ces objectifs.

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