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3. To yvoo0"1:0 «t.eutepo BOUAYUPIKO BUmAcIO» crnv oucin Sev 111:UV BouAyuplKo KpU1:0~ crAAU ";tUV TOUPKOBAuXl~ KUPIUPXiu oro yewypucplKa OPIU tl]~ BouAyupl~. 0 I1CYcrAU1:€PO~ up19110~ U1!O tU crTOlXeiU KUI ru vtOKOUI1EvtU tl]~ €1t0~~ €K€iVTJ~ smonuuivouv On to KpUtO~ uu"to ittuv KU1:O) a.no tl]v KUpmpxiu1:(()v ToupKo-BAUxoov. cct.uvucrT€iu AcrEv». 'DAu tU 1tUPU1tUVoo l11top€h€ VU TU Bpeire ornv BouAYup\~ ~1.~A.toypucpiu.

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5. 0 1tpffi·tO~ uvuyvooP\crI1EVO~ BouAYupo~ Xnv Kouunpcr OAOKATJPTJ CJXe56v rrtv ~oo~ tOU rnv 1!EpUcre ornv 1tutpwn1:ou 1tOU ";tUV TJ Aoio. AU1:o~ 1totE ornv litcipKelu tl]~ BucrtA€iu~ tOU Sev nutl]cre TO 1t01i\ 1:0U ornv Eupffi1!TJ KUl myoupu zore ornv l;wit tOU Sev eiX€ UKOUcr€1 YIU rnv MUK€lioviu KUl 1:0U~ MUK€liov€C;.

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EmKp6.1:E1Cl 1:IJ<; MaKEoovia<; sivm 0 06A.IO<; KCll ~ialo<; Cl<pClVlO'j!O<; rou av90u KClI zpo na.V'tOlv roe ~ClO'lKOO 1O't01> 1:IJ<; MClKEOOV1K~<; OIClVOTJ0'11<;. 01 j!8YaA.U'tEPOl aKtl~IO'1:E<; 1:IJ<; MClKeOOV1KT]<; AVClyeVVIJO'1]<; E~OA09pEU1:IJKaV cero rouq BOUA.yClPOU<; 't00'0 1:IJv nEpiooo 1:IJ<; 'tOUPKOKPCl'tOUJ.l.eY'1<; MClKEoovia<; 0'1:1<; apxe<; 1:0U 200u mdrvn aA.M Kal A.iyo Clpyo'tepCl1:IJV nEpiooo roo j!eO'onoMJ.l.0u (1924 - 1926). Eivm TEA.elro<; unoKpmKo KCll !lVaA.TJ9t<; va 9EOlPOUV mlJ.l.Epa roix; j!ey6.A.ou<; KCl90o''1YTJ'te<; 1:IJ<; EnClva.O'tClO''1<; rou 'HA.1V'teY 'to 1903 rKO'tO'E N'tEA.TO'e<p, Furvvs LaV'ta.VO'KU Kal6.A.I..Ou<; MaKEoovE<; ClKn~IO'1:E<;, onv BOUl..yClPOU<; KCll va rou; 'tIj!ouv ornv nuroi eu9livOV'tClt ytCl1:IJV oolo<povia roix,

Kselvovtac am:o TO obvtouo Iur:OPIKO onueitoua Oa ~Oe),a va tovlaca xai va /C6vw )'Vwur:o on l! 7rpo(JcfYf/ uou bev eivoi va ueuboe: xaveva }.ao. Tlurteixo orl 0),01 01 saoi eivoi loot ukoa a7rO tnv 7ro},DnA£vPl! olacpoproKOTf/,a rov, «ai &v v7rapxel Ka7rOla avdnepn rpv),~ nOD D7repi:xel Kanow.,6.JJ'l"

Avro nov OE},W -ri:Ao, va 6'1t1fYf//laVW eivai on 0 MaKeOOVIKO, KO(J/lO, Kara xoipoiu; oio olapa Tf/, latopiai; TOO XfJr/UI/107rOl~(J'lKG aac ooopelO, 17r7r0" tau i;Ylve ,0 /l'I),OV TIl, i:PIOO, 6.JJec; cpope, Yla TOV, MEN xat 6.N.e, Yla rov, 11E, av6.J.o),o, ,wv Iur:OPIKOKOIVCVVIKWV (JVyKDpIWV nOD V7r~pxav UTf/V neplOm· Eivai KWPO, ttbpo: atu; apxi:, TOD 21 OD aubva va oo(Jd Eva dJ.oe; ato KO/l/lana(J/la. ,0 XPW/la-rI(JI'0, KW TO uoipaaua Tf/, Iur:OPIlC1I, oovelononc -rwv Maxeoovcov.

Eivai KWpOe; va oex(Joo/le O-rl '1 iatopia "le; Moxsooviac eivoi yefial1l /le olaur:pW/la-rw(Jele; oxo 7rOMOO, xolmouoic «at MVl! r:a. onoia oto o/apa vIr; nopeku; -roor; a7ro TOVe; apXaiovr; xpO\lOVe; /li:x.PI Kat ~/lepa aCP'l(J(J.V ato 7rEpa(J/la TOV, ,a fYf//lMla ,OV, atnv Moxeoovia tau ur:ov Maxeaovixo KO(JI'O tnc.

M6 011" eD"'oUa A.oI1rOV 7COMoi .Uve «MaK6oove<; Ylan vtpeneore va Aiye(Jre BovAro-pom 6I'e[<; TOU, anavraue OTt ,,'ani "-alpov<; 06wp1jua/le TOV<; savTov<; /la<; ,,'OJ U,?O BovAro-pov<; «a: )170 1:tppovr; Kat U,?O 'EU'lvs<;. Tatoc )'laTi nurretxuu: on Osv eiXa/l1i sau ill" em)"o,?1j

((ITANEIIDA OXI AAAH NTPOIlll.

Ilavto

A034-MkK6AONIKO A6A. TIO /4

II:TOPIA

II ZTH_HT_TIJI TOT lEOlllTATIJI

E~np. AKPorrOAI~ 8-5-1903

A1tOIl'\)OO1toil1<Jl1 'to'\) MUKEOOVtKOl> Ayrovu U1tO «TA TETPAAIA TOY IAINTEN» TOV 'Ioiva Apa10VP'1

«To tpo»; xv8'JI(f; yWca ato cmOT6.01

TO rpwr; eivat atptauevo. nepnainae ... »

A7rO <eTA rt>ANTALNfATA THE EI1EYEJEPIAD>

n /(J. va eC;'IYfwovlle no»; OI(J.lloprpw8'1/Ce 0 xoouoi; npsne: va yvwpit;ov,us tatoplo:

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EC;apra.ral =0 T'IV «owrpqllla'l». H (JVVOAI/Cq imotiunon A.X rwv MAO-MAO 7rf/1'6.(SI a7ro T'IV OIa.OO(J1'! T'Ir; aYYAI/Cqr; 7rpo7ray6.voar; 7rOV aVTI7rWcSVe to 0llwVVIlO avuanouaaxo xivnua CJr11v Kivoo:

H /Ca./Cyt eniom; eixova 1'10, TOur; /COlllrarl;ytOEir; otpelsetat atnv WWVI(]. eBvI/cyt Ol(].rpWrl(J'I, OTt &V V7ra.pxovv riJ..},01 Maxeoove; Avw.o1'o. loxiJOVV ae cUAer; xwper; yl(]. 6.JJ.0ur; «tpouoxpatu;» sat «XovJ..ly/Co.vr;» (II. XOVAl1'/Co'v Jp}.avOOr; 7ro.TpIWT'Ir; .. .)

Ouox; aytpepo. 7rOV aJ..J..a.l;ovv 01 (JVv8yt/Cer; sxu pepi/ca. 7rp6.yparo. unaivoov atnv 8taq rovr;, '1 tatoptoypcopia a.7reAEiVOepwveTO.I ono T'IV eOvIKyt (J/CQ1f;//.10T'Ira /CI ososva rpwTf(el r ' o.7ro/Cpvrpo. ('1Tqpw;o. rov paA/Cavl/cov eOvIKl(JpoV. 0 epSVV'lrqr; rov Ma/CeoovlKoV A1'Wvo. Bploxe, ata «TETPALlIA TOY 1I11NTEN» TOV 'Itava Apayoiuo; (empeJ''1pev'I s/Cooa'l vtoxoouevttov rov yo. ES. an;o roy r. Ilexoifia) v7repa.pI8po. ototyeio. yta o.vo.Oewp'lU'] TWV po.vlXo.icITl/cwv eTd50xwv T'Ir; A8ytvo.r; xai 1:'1r; Eorptar;. To 7rpwro1'sver; VAI/CO eivoi neuruxotepo a.7r0 T'IV Kpf(J'Iq pv807r),aaio. optapkvorv Ka8'1l''1TWV /CO,I '1 7:QAP'lPyt 7rpoaiYYI(J1'! 1:OV «EMHNIKOY ANl'IMAKELlONIKOY AI'DNA» TOV Ll. I1JEJOSOOY avayvcopiisuu 7rAeOV 7ro.villaDI/C6. (PA. o.p8po1'parpio. rov lOY atnv EAEYEJEPOTYIlIA, 1:0V r. Mapyapitn aiov « 1l0111TH» xat T'IV «ILiOP IA THE EI1I1AL1AE ITON 200 AlDNA», T'Ir; Eooku; Bobpn ata «lEFOPlKA» x. 6..)

Uno»; (JVppaivel otic peper; tuu; iun teat TOTe p},e7relr; ata ol7rAWllarl/ca. i;yypo.rpo. v ' a7r08ewveTw 'I Olo.ppwrl/cyt Ovvall'l rov XpytllarOr;, r'lr; Exxsnoioi; r'lr; Bioi; /C{J.1 rwv OvvaroTytTwv rov l<JXVporepov. EvolO,rpspov Yla ro. (J'IPI::PIVa. tsxuuvoueva 01 eK8e(Jf:lr; TOV 7rpOc;evov 1'10. roy eC;eJ..Al'/vI(Jpo TWV Moxeooviov, PI(]. ill'l ixipavan r'lr; Msyw''1r; ioear;. No. KaL I] epPI]veio. 1'0. m; Bvoxer; qJwver; TWV (JVveI01j(Jewv 7rOV aKotiyovral Olo.XPOVIKU «a: eVTV7rw(Jlut;el '1 uavia rwv PGrOVOpo.(JIWV.

D(JOl syKA'IPa.r'l(Jav, avsyinxav ta 'l'roO'l xai POAsVOVTo.l xalinepa va paml(Jrel 1:0 8Vpa rour; BovAyapor;, napo. va Al:)'eTat MaKeDOVo.r;: 0 nptbtoc avuuetcanlotnxe «avtplxeio» ato KIA/Cfr; xat l1axava., 0 ororepor; 7rOAV novnpa xai ue TO (J7rlV8'1POPOAO ovou« rov XW,VrJ.e1 tnv Ki.'1PovoPIa. TWV -1000 Xpovwv. Eovaua ato tpo»; '1 avtkpaan ''1r; oi'l'ar; 1'1(]. e7d;/CTO,(J'I KW rl'/r; «/Ca8apOTI'/TO.r;» TOV Fkvotx; H avaipopa ata oxpotaia opto: ''1r; eJ..Af/Vorpwv'Ir; (wvl'/r; (JVoxerft;erO,l ue T'IV nixpa 1'10. T'IV avri8eT'I xauurtaan a.vw8ev 1:'1r; ypappytr; L1p6.par;, Eeppdrv, 8ea(JaAovi/C'Ir;, Noouooi; xat Kaotopuu; ((Jei. .. 623, eK8e(J1'/ o.n;o tu; LSpper; 4-12-1903).

Kat ouvowiiovtoi; 1:0 epyo TWV Llpayovp'l0Wv atu; «Nee; xwper;» i:;(ovpe:

1) Ev/Corpa.vr:'1(Jo.v rl'/v Dpa.(J'I rwv aVTl7rW,WV rour;. OI/CoplTO.rt;ytOer;, 01 tuo (JVveIO'lT07rOl'llleVOI Ilatpubte; T'Ir; MaKI::OOVlKytr; yl'/r;, 8yIVa.v Bov)'1'apOl - Bnpla "1r; A7roKriJ..v'I''1r; (ae).. C;o', -147, -1-19, -159 /C.6..) /C(J./ ovarpl'//.1i(eTa.t '1 snavaatoan TOVr;. [J),qpl'/r;v7roP6.8pl(J1'/ TOV 7}.IVTSV: ... «No. o'l}.wael tote opuooiou; ... on 1'/ Enav/iataau; eivai o}.wr; 'exvl1:q···»

2) Xa.paC;a.v 7:I'/V eBvI/Cq 1'pallllq va 8ewpovvral 'EM'Ive<,- oAOl 01 naipiapyncoi XPlarzavoi ( '1 7rE:pIPOI'/"1 evr:o}.yt ... «va ),8yOVT(J.1 poop», ovouaoia 7rOV (jev sv80v(Jial;e rour; Maxeoovec).

Kat o.7rO Bospikna ae j3arpri(JIa, rp8a.vovpl:: ato ouuttspaoua OTi 01 « Exomavoi» eiva: 'E}J'f/Ver; tau 01 [J01la./c01 Tobpxoi ...

ETtI,e},ovr;!

fi03A-MA.K6AONIKO ASA TIO 15

~YNENTEYSI~ ME

EN MEi\O~

n n o BITQilIA

TOY KOMITATOY

op,

A8nva, 8 Maiou 1903

O ". p020yo<; Ttlr; OVVE''fCD97r; "apOVOU't(61 TOV NI1(OI.u. K6p6tp Iw,/lou).yaploOevTu. ""'lOW.O» Kat

1(/lOU)qopotppwv, I'&;'or; TOD K0I'I.TlizoD». Errlv xpoyuaiuonmo: elvca atpD"VI0l'tvor; Moxeoovo; axo T7IV "cPlOxr, MnlTOAA (Movaomp), AHM THE MAKE.LJONlAE), "pwmywvlrm,r; oro i).WfCV K(J.I npoeopo; tnt; «AHMOKPA1JAE TOY KPOYEOBOY». Isnv ov(f!TI'fOl'/ xoo aKo),ovOei t5ivOVTo./ 01 1</0 accpei; a"0.1",,,06/r; Yla ro nOIOI ElNAl 01 KOMITA7ZHAEE KAI T! KPATOE BEAOYN NA lAPYEOYN.

- Eiom MUKEOWV;

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tpaivetat ,,/0 KaOap6. "000 t5'1IIOKpa:cIKo.

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(\4-M)"'K6AONIKO A6" TIO 16

I1:TOPIA

TT]v npocruourv 't11~ EM.aOo~ " onoin £XEt 1(EPI<J<JOTEPU KUG~KOV'tU vc <JU~ cA.euS€p61<J1l, ri),:AfJ. KUTUcpWy€t cIS TOllS ~up~apOUS;

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ANAKOINnl:EIE

do;Jt;\-MkK6A.ONIKO A.6A. TIO /7

To «napompnmplo» ~Ia 'CIS Hamppics Hau, ms EririaSas

«To up9po "I]~ r€ropyia~ !lUf1a «Mrrapu~ Ka'tayy€A.looV KaTu T% EA.A.uoa~ arro TO «OapaT!]pl]TIlptO TOU EA.oiVlCt) (26/10/2000) O€V aVWpep€l Kaf1to. rrl]y~, Kat ypUq>TI]K€ oov vo ijTUV"1 cruno.KTpto. 'tOU nupouca ern :Euvooo TOU OA:EE OTT] Bcpcofno, Ko.n 1tOU ~e~ata om cruve~"1. :E'tOtX€tOOOl]~ Ol]f1ocrlOypacptKij O€oV'toA.oyia €1te~aA.A.e ornv 1t€pi1t'trocrl] amij vn OtacrT(IUpoocr€t 'tt~ 1tI]ye~ T!]~, av 0Xl Kat va ~ avacpep€t. Tbtorn a1to TU OUO om eKUV€ Kat emt I] (<E» 0l]f10crirucr€ eva Keif1€vo 1tpO~OA.ij~ f1eptKOOV KU~epVl]'ttKOOV Kat rrapa-KU~epVl]'ttKOOV arrOljlerov, 'to oaoio, orrro~ Ot cpoP€~ rou; eKavav Kat crTI] Bupcoflic, cr€ rroA.A.o. crl]f1eia oev cvruxoxptvenn crnv 1tpaYf1anKO'tl]'tu, Kat totahepa orn OeKa~f1epl] exei rrapoucria TOU «EUI]VtKOU Ilupampnmplou rcov LUf1CProVtOOV TOU EA.crivKt». t>I]f1toupyehat ET<JI I] evW1tro<Jl1 on 0 crTOXO~ TOU ol]f1o<JIeuf1a't~ om ijTUV I] eVI]f1eproal] rrov uvuyvmo-rrov Yla o ou cruve~I]crav OTT] ouvodo TOU OALE, aA.A.<'t I] eSU1tl]pET!]<JI1 cruyKeKptf1evrov ouuespovnov Kat crTOxroV.

:ETI]V tcr'tocr€A.ioa f1a~ urr~pxav KUl U1tUPXOUV Otagecrlf1a ru 26 K8If1€Va 1tOU 1tapoucriacruv 'to «EA.A.I]VtKO Ilcpcrnpnrnpio rcov LUf1cpUlVtOOV TOU EA.criVlCl» Kat I] «EA.A.I]Vl~ O)1UOU yta TU !lIKalOOf1UTU rcov Meiovonnov» crT!] LUVOOO 'tOU OALE OTT] Bnpcopic, f1€Tasu 17-27 OKTro~piou 2000. Ta K€if1ma (IU'tu om avucpepoV'tat f10VO OTT]V EUUoll, aA.A.<'t Kat cre 20 UA.A.e~ xoope~ (a1to ~ HI1A f1eXJll Tl~ KBV'tpOucrtaTIKe~ xoope<;, cruf1rr€ptA.af1~UVOVTU~ KatOA.e<; n~ yelTOVIKe~ XOOP€~ 'tl]~ EUUoa~), TI]V E.E. yeVtKUaA.A.<'t Kat n<; olaolKacri~TOU OALE. AUTU I]1tI]yij rmv rrA.I]pocpoptOOV 'tl]~ cruV'tUKTPI~ cra<; CPU(}lKU O€V TOA.f11]cre vn uvacpep€ t.

EA.ni~ouf1€ 1tro~ I] €cpl]f1€pioa aa~, nou om f1U<; exe1 cruvI]9icr€t oe zcpouom up9pu, 9u e1tUVOp900cret ue f1la crcpatPl~ KaAUIjII] T!]~ acrcpaA.OO~ <JI1f1uV'tt~~ 1tupoucri~ rev eUI]VtKOOV MI] KUp€pVl]nKOOv Opyuvcooecov (aA.A.<'t xoi nov )1€tOvOnKOOV opjuvroceciv EA.A.uou~ xm TOUpKiu~) yta T!] ctoorn eVI]f1eprocrl] rou avayvrocrnKou KOIVOli 'tI]~.

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Tlavayuinnc drJW/T:par;, exxpooomoc».

«EA.eugeporunia», 3] OKTroPpiou 2000, creA.. 6

ITE<l>ANOY!lPArOYMH 11, T.El. 51, 53100 <l>A!2PINA 'tI]A.. cpaS: 0385-46548, 45044, E-mail: misirkov@line.gr http.z/www.florina.org.

AEATIO TYIIOY <l>A.6>ptva - Aepiv 11.1 O. ] 999

T11V napaaKcuij 08.10.1999 1tpuYf1a'torrOlij91]K€ cr't11v A9~va crUVo.VTl]<JI1 avn1tpooro1t€iu<; roo OYPAi\llOY TO:=:OY f1€ TOV 'Yaoro Apuoorf Yla ~ e9vtK~ f1€tov6'tI]'t€~ rou O.A.:E.E. K. Max van der

S toe] Kat 'tOY ~0l]90 'tOU K. John Packer.

LT!] cruvuv'tI]<JI1 I] ozoia OtijPK€cr€ OUO rrepirrou OOP€~ cru~I]'t~91]Ke 'to SEf1a «ov e9vtKWV f1€tOVOn]TroV OTT]V E)).uoa Kat cruyKeKptf1Eva 0 f11] crepacr)10~ azo 'tI]V rrA.eupU T!]<; eUl]Vt~~ rroA.t't€i~ T!]<; e9vI~~ TUm6'tl]TU~ Kat ttov OtKalrof1UTrov 'tl]~ MaKeooVtKij~ Kat TOUPK1~~ f1elOv6'tl]Ta~.

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Eivm oe A.u1tl]pO TO yf:YOVO~ 1tro~ 'to KaA.ecrf1a 'tOU OYPANIOY T020Y 1tP~ n<; 1tOA.t'tlKE~ OUWf1€t~ 'tI]~ xoopa~ yta rnv evapS'l OtaA.6you 1tllvro ern €9v0f1elOVOnKIl Sl]n]f1u'tu cruOTT]f1UnKU uyvoehal 1tUpOA.o 1tOU OI1tapU1tllvro OlaKl]PUYf1eve~ 9Ecrel~ ron dvat yvro<;t~.,

L'tI] cru~ij'tl]crl] 'tE91]K€ €ni<Jl1~ 'to s~T!]f1a roo f11] cr€pucrf10U arro rnv 1tA.eUpo. T!]~ eA.A.I]V1K~~ 1t0A.1Tela<; rrov !lte9vwv !ltaKl]pUserov K,at LUf1Pllcrerov ytU rn f1elOVOnKQ OtKat<Of1a'ta Ka9w<; eni<Jl1<; Kal 10 9€f1a 'tl]<; I!1tlKUpro<Jl1~ ceto 'to EU!]VtKO KOtvo~oUA.tO TI]~ ,LUf1~a<Jl1~ ~a((}lO yta rn !ltKaU])f1am rtov Metovomrrov 'tOU LUf1~01lA.~OU T!]~,Eup~1tI]<;. ToviOTT]K€ O€ rrro<; I] LUf1Pa<Jl11tperr€t va €1tlKUpro9€t oro cruVOA.O 'tI]~ Kat xropi<; €satpecr€l<; 01 01toie<; 9a rr€plOpi~ouv rc OtKatWf1am «ov €9VtKOOV ueiovorrrnov ernv EUo.oa.

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To OYPANIO TO:=:O Tovi~€t rrro~ stvm I] llPWT!] cpopa 1tOU rrpaYf1aT01tOteiTUt ornv EUUoa cruvllvTl]<JI1 'rETOt01l €1tl1tE001l nvnueou O€ €KllPOOOOllou<; "1]<; MaKeOOVtKi]<; €9vtK~<; f1€lOV6'tl]'r~ KUl TOV

'Y noro Apuoon] tou OALE yl<l 't~ €9VtKE~ usiovorrrrec.

EA.ni1;ouf1€ I] cruvclV'tI]OI] aUn] va ooocr€t "!]V acpoPf1ij WcrT€ I] €UI]VtK11 KU~EPVl]<JI1 vc rrpocreyyicr€t €lllTEA.oll<; TO l;~T!]f1a tou cr€~acrf1ou rtov €9V0f1€tOVOT1KOOV OtKat<il~o.Trov crTI]V E~oa f1€ .. , P€aA.tcrf16Kat A.oyl~ Orrro£ apf16~€t oe f1lU 0"1f10KpanKl] Eupro1tUlKl] xoopa.

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AEATIO TYUOY (P}.WplVa - 03.11.2000

Avretpoexoaeie; rou OYPANIOY T030Y xut "tTle; LTEnn; MAKELlONlKOY TIOAITILMOY ou~l=e(xo.v er"tle; epyo.eriee;"tTle; Luv60ou"too OALE (Opyavter~6c; "Ytn rnv Aerq)('tAetn Knt Luvepyncrin ornv E\)pci:l1l'l) nou ltpn"y~n"t07!Ot~B1"jKe em Bnpero~io. 17-25 OKtOl~pio\) 2000 ~e ge~ntoAo-y(n nqllepOlfl£v'1 ern AvBpw7!lvn 6tK(llW~o.to..

Oi nV"tl7!pOerOllteiee; tOlV ouo opycvdxrscov Knta"tTl litapKetn "tOlV epynerullv €geerav roeo ~e EvtU7!O \)/..tK6 coo xm ~e ltPOcpOptKEe; 7!npe~~<'tcr£\(; evromov nov nvtl1tpoow7!OlV rov E\)pOlltntKWV K\)~ep~ereOlv, tOlV H.TI.A., rou KnvnM, tOO L\)~~oo/"io\)"tTle; E\)~e; illa Knt rov ~'l Kll~epVl"j"tlKWV opycvrocetov, to t;~"tTl~o. "tTle; e9vt~e; MnKeOovt~e; ~etov6"tT]tne; emv EllUoo..

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Fin Tn1[npa7!aVOl 9E~nm E&t~e totnitepo evOtncpEpov T] nvnapoocoaeic rmv H.D.A. orov O.A.L.E Kat (JlJ'"(KeKptJl€vn'l Lup.~oo!..oe; K. Tamara Reeler us mv onoic 7!pn"Y~.nto7!0l~91"jKe ~el(Olptcrti) ouvcvmon.

n"oe; 7!p€ne1 vo avacpepBei '1 apVl"jtt~ eVt\nrOlcrT] 7!OU CIl(1"jp.attoav oi avtt:JtpooOl7!eiee; ono mv 7!npe~~aCll"j tOO 7!peo~~ "tTle; £AMooc; orov O.A.L.E. 0 oxoio; crqv EJ..Aet'l"l E7!ll(etp1"j~atOlV oro occ U7!~pt~nv Ot eK7!pOcrOl7!Ot"tTle; Mo.KeoOvt~e; p.etOv6"tT]tnc;, nvnnapaBeoe rooc OUKO<po.vttKoUc; tOXUptop.oue; "ylo. o~9ev (l7!OCIl(ternKEc; taoete; tOlV p.e/..6lv "tTle;. A~it;et vc o.vo.cpepgei Ott 0 7!o.P(l7!CtvOl ot7!MDp.at1"je; ~to.v 7!apwv cr"t1"j auVCtV"tT]crT] 7!OU tytve tOY OKtro~PtO rou 1999 emv AB~vo. avap.eoa otu p.t"1] tOO OYPANIOY T030Y xtn "tOY Y 7!o.tO Ap~~ TO\) O.A.L.E. yta tte; usiovomre; K. Max van der Stoel, yto. mv onoia to OYPANIO T030 e~E80l0e oe"tio MO\) oxou, p.eto.~ti 6.UO>v, Kat0.8iKo.oe"ylct 1[01l0crti) cpopa KaBe evEpyeto. 7!0\) OOT]yEi ce nllo.y~ OUV6pOlV ern Bo.!..KCtVto..

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AEATIO TYIIOY CP;.wplva - J 5.11.2000

Avrmpootoaeia "tOO Oopcviou T6~ou ouJlJleteixe crtte; epyo.oiec;"tTle; revt~e; LUV€AeUOl"je;"tTle; E\)pro7!al~e; EAe6BepT]~ ~\)JlJlo.xinc; (E.E.L.) nou 7!po.YJla"t07!ot~9T]Ko.V ornv EOpo. rou EUPOl7!o.IKoti Kotvo~oo/"ioo oru; Bp\)~EJ..Aee; <>tu;9 Kat 1 0 Noeujlplou 2000.

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Tov A11:piAll TOU 1998 EiXE yiVEt Kl auT] EmcrKE\jIT] oro XWptO «NiKO<; M11:eAoytuVVT]<;». Toxe E11:lcrKE<pTei ym 11:PWTIl <popu 0 'EAAT]VU<; fIpoeopo<; TIl<; ~T]l1oKputiu<;. . Ilcpsupioxovrcv 11:UAt 0 M'1Tpo11:0AiTT]<; Auorpiez; KUl MEcrOWPW1tT]<; Mtxu1jA KUl 0 TOTE o1'jI1UPXO<; 0 Z1'j<r'l<; BAuX011:ouAo<; U11:0 TO XIOVUTO Kcoropua; «To 1948, ce l1AlKia t~l xpovwv, <pUyUlieOTT]KE l1~i ue CtMa 11:UllilU KUl ~ptOl1KE <rTIIV Ouyyupiu 011:0'0 cr1tOUIiUcrE. Moxovon Ssv cruIiJ.IG'rElXE -AOy(j) T]A.IKiu<;- oUTE crTOV EAAL, OmE crov ~T])!OKpUnKo LTPUTO Ko.l11:UPCt TO OTt 0 11:UTepu<; TOU ~T!lV ~AUXIKT]<; KU'rUYwyij<; Kat T] )!T]TSpU TOU up~uviUK11e;, TO eUT]VtKO KPUTO<; TOV OEWPEi LAu~OIiUKeIi6VU Kat npveirm Vo. TOU<; XOPlly11crEl TIlV SAAT]VIK1'j U1tT]KOOTT]T!l. 'Eroi OTUV OSAeI VU epOEl ornv EAMou Xpt]crt)l.011:Old TO OUYYPIKO IiIU~UT~plO. LTI<; uAAe11:UAA'1Ae<; UIT~crE\(; KUl EKK/,1'jcreH; "tOU 11:pO<; UPIiOoiou<; (11:PWOU11:0UPYO, U11:0UpyOU<;, U1tTjpecrto.KOU<; 11:!lpCtyOVTS<;) OEY 11:UipVSt U11:UVT'1<r'l Kat '1 11:Epimrocrij 'rOU UVTtJ.IG'rW11:~S'tUI ue ulim<popiu -OUOei<; KCtVEI TOV K011:0 vc TOU E~lly~crEI TOU<; AOyOU<; T'1<; CtPV'1crJK AUTO stvru evo. -TO KUPIO- U11:0 TU 11:UPU11:0VU TOU 01]IiUPXOU.» E<pT]Ii. EfIOXH 29/3/98.

o rPHrOPHI. NlflTHI. I.THN OyrrAPIA

To xwpto TO E1tlcrKE<pT'1KE TO LEmi:li~plo"tOU 1997 0 K. lP1lYopt]<; NtWTT]<;. Kat TO'rE TOU St1tWOT]KUV rn OlU<pOpU 11:pO~A1'j)!UTU 011:w<; 11:·X· YlU TT]V SUT]V1Ki] lOUytvelU T] ozoiu 't:Ou<; liivE'rut liS J.lGyUAT] KuOUmSpI1<r'l. XUPUKTIlPlcrTt x ., etvm 11 11:spi11:TWCI11 TT]<; BucrtAtK1'j<; lKuvT~ou T] enola 11:i:Ouvs ue TT]V mKpu ''1<; liT] o.VCtKTII<r'l<; TT]<; EUT]VlK~<; lOUytvSlU<; T] onota TEAIKU 'T]<; s1i60'1 Mo I11'jVE<; IiETU TO OUVUTO 'tT]<;. H ClTSpT]ClT] TIl<; eAA'1Vtt<11<; lOUySVEtCt<; 11111110Upyei KUt 11:PO~A.T]~tU'rU ym 'rH; UVet7t11PIK€C; cruVT!l~el<; 11:0U IilKUtOUVTat W<; 11:0AtnKoi 11:pocr<pUyeC; l1eTCt 'to 8' TIUYKOcrl1tO fIOAel1o.

o Tp. NtWTIl<; U11:WOUVO<; YlU 11:0AAU XPOV1U yLU TOUe; U1tOOT]IiOU<; 'EAAT]Ve<; cruVUV'r~OT]KE J.IG TT]V U<pU11:0UPYO MEtOVOT~'WV TIl<; ouyyUpS~tKT]<; KIl~SpVT]<r'l<; K. Euu 'Opcoc.

H AIlEncDOnOIHI.H

To 1996 ulisA<p011:011jOT]KE TO XWPlO «NiKO<; M11:EAOYIUVVT]9> I1E TOV ~T]1i0 Ay. ~T]l1llTpiOU (M11:pUXCtl1l) A=Ki]<; 11:0U 1i~I1!lpXO<; TOU T]'tUV 0 fIuVTEA~<; ElpT]VCtKI]<; Kat U1t0 ,0 lCiTOptKO XWptO 0 Z1'jcrT]<; 8AuX011:0UAo<; 11:0U rovioe On 1] uOEA<p011:0iT]crTj IiEV 11:pe11:el VU eivut I1lU rum"., 11:PU~, uAAU 11:PS11:EtIiS TT]V UVUADylj OpCtcrTj vc u1<; ooOd OUCI1UcruKO VOT]I1U Kat 11:eplEXOl1eVO. J\iyo UPyO'rEPU, 111AWV'tU<; crTOV «PU;ocr11:U<rTII» ue AOYIU <pOP'rlcrI1SVU U11:0 TT]V 11:iKpa, «uvapWUjOT]KE ytuti I1SXPI TWPU TO eMI]VIKO KpUTO<; orepet TT]V EAA.llVlKi] tOaytvela a11:0 UvOPW11:0U<; 11:0U yevv~OT]KUV crnv EAAUou Kat sivm YPUl1l1tvOI met OT]IiOTOMYIU o1'jI1UlV Kat KOlVOTT]-rWV TI]<; 11:aTpiou<; 11U<;»·

Avu<pepOT]Ke eni<r'l<; oro 11:POPAT]I1U 11:0U TuAUVi~el 11:0AA.OU<; cruVTa~IOUXOU<; 11:0AlnKOU<; 11:pocr<pUYE<;, e11:EI01'j UKOlia OeV eXEl yiVet T] l1eTU<POPU TWV crUVT~SWV toix; U11:0 TT]V Ouyyupia ornv EUOOu. «0eAoulis vn S11:lmpEII'OUIiS crnv EAAUou ue \jIT]AU TO KS<PUAI Kl 0Xl cov ~T]UUvOl», ~TUV T] ,EAeuT!liu U11:0mpo<pI1 'tOU ZT]CI11 BAuX011:0UAoU. LTU AOyIU mmi KPUPE'rat OXt 1i0VO tva liiKatO aiTTjIiu, uAACt KUt T] et~t07tpe11:E1O: I1luC; oMKAT]pT]<; yCV1U<; 11:0U OIWxTIlKE, aUu 11:0Te OEY KaTaOecre TU ({011:Au».

'Eva Xpovo nptv rnv uOeA<p01tOiT]crT] EiXe T~lliS\jIet oro XWPIO iKO<; M11:EAoyLtlvvl]<; TO rptro KpUUKO KUVUAt (ET -3) 011:0U UVTUI1Wcre TOU<; EYU1tOJ.IGiVUVTe<; KCtTOiKOU<; TOU XWplOU KUl cru~ijTI]cruv l1ul;;i TOUe; yLU TO XWPlO TOUe;, ytU TTjV EA.AUIiu, y1O: TU 11:POPA~I1UTU. LU~~TIlcrUV us TOU<; uvOptimou<; 11:0U UVUYKCtcrTT]KUV VU <pUyOUV U11:0 'T]V 11:u'tpioU TOU<;. H 01l110crlOYPU<PlK~ spsuva KUt em~teAem 'rT]<; eK11:0)!11:~<; T]TUV TOU fIUUAoU NePCtVT~T] Kat 1] crKTjVOOenK~ TOU ~T]l1ijTpT] KupuOavucrTj.

I.TO XflPIO

MEcrU oro XWptO oi oooi ElVUl 11:pO<; TII11'jv OUyyprov UY(j)VlcrTWV uU&' Kat EAA1'jvwv UYWVtcrTWV 011:(j)<; TOU L'ri:<pUVOU Lo.pCt<pT], TOU M1'jTcrOU fIU1tUpi]yo. aU&. Ko.t 'rOU Txoros N'rEA'tCle<p. Y11:UPXel T] AtcrXTJ VEOAo.(u<; (onuspc XPT]crlIi01tOteh:at we; Xwpo<; cruVUVTT]CI11<; trnv l]AIlClWl1tvWV), urrpeio, VEKp01:U<peio. KU11:0Te 0I1W<; Ko.t e11:1 11:0A.AU xpovm KIlKAO<pOpoucrs 0 «J\UtKO<; AyWVU9> TO «opyavo TOU LUAAOyOU TWV fIOAl'ttKWV Ilpocceycov TT]<; EUOOu<; omv Ouyyo.pio.» 11:01) U11:I]Xoucrs, 11:plV Kat llE'ra TT] IiICtcr11:UcrTj 'tOU J 968, TI<; U1tO\jlel<; TOU KKE. H e<pT]l1epiou 1'jTUV oiyArocr<r'l, ru1t(j)VOTo.V ora EUT]V1KU KUt 't!l MUKeOOV1Ko.. H PlPAIOO1]KT] 1'jTUV YeJlclTT] J.IG ~1~Aio. U11:0 TH; eKIiOCl'EH; «Nee EAAUoll» KUl «fIOAIKeC; KCtI J\OYOTeXV1Ke<; EK06crel<;». BI~Aio. ern Mo.KSliovtKU uU6. KUt EMT]V1KU. LTO XWP10 IitliUcrKO'tUV T] EAAT]V1Ki] uU6. KUt 11 MUKeli6V1KT] yAti>crcro. U11:0 TOV N'tOUAu Koorc.

fIl]Ytl<;: «To Bnuo» (20/8/2000), «EAeuOsporu11:ill» (21711997, 13/9/97, 27/4/1998, 9/8/2000, 19/8/2000, 20/8/2000, 21/8/2000), «AYYEAlO<pOpOe;» (26/4/1998), «H E1toX~» (29/3/1998), «PU;ocr11:&'cru1e;» (9/4/95, 21/5/95, 4/5/96).

A0.3A-MA.K6A.ONIKO A.6A TIO 112

I:XOAIA

nATOVEMH «EnnHNEE TO rENOE»

2:-[\~ 25.6.2000 o rov Ayto NtKowo Nuoucrru; ltpuy).la-roltOti]9T]Ke T] TIaveAAaOtKi] AyrovlcrnKi] cruyKMpro<JT] rcov e1t!lVullu-rptcr9Mrov 1l0AtnKrov llpomp1Yyrov 1tOU yive'tm Kuge xpovo. ~'lJ cruvav'lJ<JT] uu-ri] eKoo9TjKe Kat TO e~i]~ lJI1'l<Plcr).lU:

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II pac; TOV IJ pwBmwvpy6 VIe; EV.aow; K. KQLTAEHMlTH

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Nn e1ClTpallei 0 ellUValla,plcr).lO~ orouc 1l0A,1'\l(OU~ llpocr<puye~ 1l0U 9&A.OUV vc Ellavallu,ptcrBouv KUl -r01l~ e).lllOoi~et ° opo; «'EA.AT]ve~ ro yev~» Ku9ro~ e1licrfJ~ VU ClltOo0gei fJ lBuyevEIU cr' umou~ 1l0U TfJ cr-repilBfJKav lCuBro~ lCCll oru; aAA.oOUll&~ crl)~uyol)~ KUl rov llCllOlroV TOU~. TIupu TI~ ullocrx&crel~ 1101) 06BfJlCClV KUl llPOcrro1ClKU UltO rov lIproT]V Y ltOI)PYO E~ro-rEPllCroV -ym AU<JT] al)<Ou ron llpO~Ai]).IU"tO~- Ol)crroxro~, oev &Ylve nllo-rulCat 1tUPU).I&VOI)V ClICO).lU ).IaKptU U1l0 'lJV llu-rpiou <OI)~ ...

H GVlh'ivrpwU1f

'l'T]<plmfJlCe elli<JT]~ XAIPETIITHPIO llpO~ 1:O1)~ TIoAtnKOU~ I1pompuye~ 1101) llUPUJ.levOI)V aKOJ.lU crnv llP0O-<pI)YlU.

ll'lYr,: An" TO ENHMEPQTTKO LJEATIO rOD Ioi>J..-Avy.-Ef:7r. 2000, Ap. 'P- 96 Ttl, n.EE.n.n. (IJaw:JJ.r,Vlo. 'EV(f)11'1 Eno.vana.rplaOI:l'f(f)V Ilosnnabv Ilpoooincov) nov oro c(d)(pv}.}.o TOV yfX'np£1 EllANAflATPIEMOE, XQPIE ESAJPEEH, OAQN roN flOAI7JKQN flPOE<PyrQN

AKPOOEEIOI ETO BITEI ETIE nOPTEE MIEOVE

T&AT] Auyouorou rou 1949 gerope{-r(ll ouv ·1]).lepO~IT]via A.i]~T]~ TOil e).l<pUA,101l 1l01&).l01). nop,u~e'ral oro Birot Ol)crroxro~ ).I&XPI crllJ.lepu, EUTIlXro~

O).lOl~ a1l0 eA.UXlmOU~, altO ).lIU ).IEpiOU UKpooe~lrov mOlXelrov llUv(O oro ~OIlVO oro uvqusio 1l0U &Xet a."Bei. AuTi] '1] «ytOpTi] utoouc» 1101) elVUI U1tOT6Aecr).la tou ).IE"te).l<puAI01tOAeflllCOU di).la,o~ YlOp"tucr-rl]Ke r nv Kup iuxn 27 Aoyoocrou U1l0 TIl «Xpuon AI)Y11», TI~ evrocret~ ~aatA,o<ppoVOlV, rov ~OI)AeIlTi] TI]~ N."'. N. Koproripn rou N. (f>AroplvU~ (nzocrpcroc 1:a~iapxo~) (<<E» 2118/2000) xm illOI)~ '[6crcrep~ ~OIlAeI)'[~ Tl]C; N."'.: AV6a.,,~ AyyeAi]~ U1tO rnv KUcr-roPIU, Kcovorcvrivo; Kl":riOT]~ (~OUAeI)'[I']t; KIAKt,;, ° oaoio; llapUOexBfJKe 7rpoo-<pa'[a on i]-ruv xpo errov milixo~ Tl]~ opyuvro~ «4T] Auyouo t ou», «E» 12/9/2000), MtxuA.I]~ TIU1tUOO1tOUAO~ KUt ° veoKAeyei~ Ylu Aiyo U1tO -rT] 0ecrcraA.oviKT] Krov o r uvr t vo c rKtOI)A,&Kru;.

Ilcptov i]-ruv lCUt ° VO).lUPX'l~ <DA.ffiPlVru; TIuuA~ AAnVl]t; (eKA.f;x9T]Ke ).IE -rl] Na), eK1lp6crro1to~ roo "'i]).lUPXOll 0ecrcruAovIKT]~ BctcrlA.T] TIctllaYEOlpyo1tOI)AOI), ° Ol]).lOnKOt; crU).l~OUA.ot; 0eooropot; Acrltacr10l]t; KUl UAA.Ol -rT]~ N"'. Xmper to-rnp io Tl]Aeypu<pT]).Ia ecr-relAe Kctl ° ~01)AeU1:i]t; TI]t; N'" Ilnv. 'f'ro).ltu15l]t;. 'OA.ol roix yvromo~ cruJ.l.1tA,&ov-re~ us oTl15i]llote ctKpooe~t6 xm uv-rt).luKe15ovtKo.

EnEEE Ana TON «AEPA» H npOTOMH TOV nAnAnETPOV (TOV XAq,IE TnN TOVPKnN ... )

Evoo/el -rT]t; crUVU~T]~ -rOlV alCpo15e~trov KCll <ptAoPUcr\AIKroV oro Btrot, UYVOlcr-rOl eKAeo/ctv 'lJV llPOTO).li] rou ).IuKe15ov0J.luXOU TIU1tctllf:tP01) oro 3wo Nspo, 01101) KuBe xpovo lCu-reBe-rClV cr-re<puvlu ).le "tl] ~0i]gelu 1:T]~ acrrovoJ.liu~ KUt 1:1]t; eK1CA.l]cr1Ut;, llUpU Tl]V avtigecrT] rcov KU1:0IKroV 'tOI) Sw06 Nspou yta Tl] <pumcr-rocrUvUSl]·

AOYro -rl]C; cruva~l]C; -rrov vocr-rUA.yrov -rou llapaKpU1:01)t; Kl)lCAo<p0PT]crctv 1tpolCT]pu~elC; -rl]~

«TIproTl]t; rpUJ.l).li]~» -rOI) IJAe6pT] ue 1:0 cruv9l]).Iu «Aeursptc cr-rl] Bopstu MUKe15oviro). To a1tolCop6<p0lJ.la uu,l']~ -rl]~ XOl)vtocruvU~l]~ i]"tuv vc ~A,&llou).le crnv TV KU1l01O vOO-1:a1yo 1:0U <pacrtcr).lou vn XUlpcruel Va~tmIKu.

To KeV1:plKO Icrpul]At'tlKO LU).l~OUA10 EAAU15ut; KUTooiKUcre Tl]v eJ.l<p6.vl<JT] evmoAOlv vEovaSlmrov crn~ 1:eA&Te~ 1:0U Tpcuuou - Birot.

H OAKKE ce uvulCoivUlcrl] Tl]<; uvseeps: «To 1:€pa1:ro15e~ a." <penvi'] ytopTi] rov ~P1K0A6:lCUlV oro Birot sivm 01:1 pouAe'tE~ r ou eA.Al]vIlCOU KOtVOPOI)AiOI) V0J.llJ.l07rOtQuv KUl 1tOA.I1:llCU 1:0U~ ).IOVOUt; VO).lI).lOU~ ClVOlX-roU~ vU~lmet; 'lJ~ Eupro1ll]~ ... » (<<E» 30/8/2000).

An6 npo<pop\KEC; IUlj)'t'IJpieC; nov K(lTOlK<OV.

To llP0l1:0 zou UlCOU~ U1tO 1:01)t; Ku'[oiKOIl~ -rOI) 3lVOU Nep06 eivtn on ° TIU1tU1tf:tP01) 1']1:uv cruvepyu'l]t; rrov Toupxev. Toxol)v ltet uv9proll01 151U<pOproV 1l0Al'[tKroV 1l1l0Xprocrerov. OIlPUVIO To~o, KKE... To OV0J.lU TIU1lU1te-rpou 1:0 1!1']pe ).lETa, ue roue e~eAAT]vtcr).l06t; rtov ovoucrev KClI A.6yro -rOI) on i]'rav llallu~ xtn ,0 ).lIKPO rou OV0J.lU i]1:UV TIe-rpo~ eYlVe ITU1lUlli:-rpou. ~1:0 xropt6 'tOY <provuSClV Nroerce, Nrouroro, Y nO Tl]v e1tI~Ae\llij rou eixe evu 1)1lMAl]A.o allo 1:0 I1e15tvo (AIOI)J.l1t61:Va) ° onoioc 1!1']pe ev-roA,1'] U1tO 1:0 KO).lnUTO ym vu tov crKOTrocrel KUl1:0V oxorrooe. Tov oxorroce 15l]mol'] eva~ KUpUKOfli-rU~ (K' pcxouira) 1101) 15ouAel)e cr-ru XroPU<plU ,Oil TIU1lUlle1:p0l). To uyaA).lU 1']1:ClV crnv ltw-reiu 1:01l Xropl06 1101) O).lro~ lCuvevru; Sev 1:0 i]geAe Ylu-ri i]-ruv UV1:1- ).lulCe06vat;. To 6.yaA).la txel yivel <p1:epu.

ANTIETAEH ETO NEOq,AEIEMO

tse» i]"tav 111tPro-r1] <popu 1tOI) xee~ KUPlUKl] 29.11.1998 ylvuJ.le ).lupTllpe~ 15txacrTtlCrov e).l<pUA.I01l0AeJ.llKrov llpOKA.l']crerov. ElCllPOcrro1troV1:US -ro crUvOA.o ttov KU1:0IKroV Tl]S KOlVo.,,1:U~

l###BOT_TEXT###,9A-MJ>..K6AONIKO A6" TIO / 13

=:UVOU NEPOU, UVE~apTll'ra uno WEOA.oytK~ KUl nOAITI~ 1:0n0geTT]crT], 9a npenEI vu KaTalhKaaOUIlE Kat vn Ka'raYYEiA.ou us TeTOla vocripu q>alvOIiEva. KaTaoIKa~OUIlE rn Yf:Yov6Ta zou eylVav O"Tl]V KO\VOTl]Ta lIa<; ano vsoenoioreq, ue npocrxllila Tl]V Ka'ta9EcrT] O"TEq>avOU O"TO IIVlJIIEio rIana1t€Tpou, OlaTpaVOOVOvTa~ Tl]v np00"11A.OlaTj lIa~ o rnv E9vIK~ I:UIlq>tA.iOlcrT] Kat O"TTj 6.T]1I0Kpam.'l'i OllaAOTl]Ta ( .. .) E>a aYOlVIO"TOUIlE 6IaTT]pOOV1:a~ 1:0 aTOIXE\(l>OE~ OT]1I0KpaTlKo lIa<; olKaiOllia vn avnO"Ta90ulIE os Te1:O\E~ npOKATjaE~ ( ... )

KaTayyeAA.OUIlE TT]V avEKOIT}yllTTJ O"TacrT] TOU ApXlllaVopiTl] AIIUVTaiou, I:Epacrnavou, zou 1I0VO aUTo<; ano TT]V nePIOX~ lIa<; muTIO"Tl]Ke lie TOU~ Xpuonoyireq, xm nvr i vu aTagei KTjpU Ka<; TTI<; O"UIlq>1AiOlcrT]<; (00<; eKnpoaOlno~ TTj~ EKKA,T]aia<;), 1tAEI060TT]aE o e q>avaTlalio Kal 1tpOKAi]ael~ evrrvriov II~ O"UIIIIE'tEXOVT!l<; a€ EKOi]AOlcrT] orouev nou EtXav UIJIUllleva Va~laTlKa crUll~OA.a omAa ornv EUllVlK~ crT]lIaia.

Maq 1tPOPAT]lIa1:i~EI K(lI Tj O"TaO"T] Tl]<; Acruvouiuq, 1tOU 9EWpTjaE Ka9i]Kov TT]<; va 1tpOaTaTeuaEI onAlaliEvou~ veoecoiore; vu npo~aivouv os nxcrovouccrec xut aKpOl<; rrpOa~A.T]T1KE<; Yla TO OlliloKpaT1Ko 1Ia<; noA.hEUlia evEPYElE<;, napa~la~oVTa<; Tl]v tvvoIlTjT~T].

I:1:O ovouc nOI(l~ E1tE'teiOU €ytVE T] EKOi]A.OlO"T]; Tt i]p9av vn KavOUV; Ilotov EIOO1toiT]aav; rIw~ ~~EPE T] Acruvoutn xe t TOU<; O"UVOOeuae; H Tom1--;] ApX~ OEV EXEI Kaveva pow os 't€TOlE<; EKOT]A.WaEl<;; 6.TjAaoi], aq>ou 1:0 ~epEI I] Acrcvouiu xm 0 EK1rpOOOlnD<; Tl]<; EKKA.T]aia<; 1:EAeioocre 1:0 9Ella;

( ... ) Av T] aUYKEKpIIlEVTj z a p o u o i u x u t EKoTjAOla'll Xpuouuj rrtcv OEV cuvio-rouce «avaIlOXM:UO"T] TOlV nOA.l1:lKOOV 1ta900v Kat OI(lTcip~ Tl]<; K01V~<; Kal tvvOIlTj~ T<i..,~>, n aOl~~Ta 9a O"UVlaTOUV ()"'{O )lEA.A.OV KanOla m9aVOTT]Ta UIIlUTl]PWV EnEla06iOlV IlE a

&!;EA.EYKTE~ 1tpOEKTaa&l~ -o»

npaYllaT01tOli]aouv TT] aaq>i] npO&loonoiTjai] TOU~ Yla lila VEa opyavOl~T] EnaVEIlq>aVIO"I];

Ouooxovn (l7C6!p(lUl/

KOlVOTllw6 ZVII/loDJ.loD 8106 Nepob 30.11.1998

H IVMMETOXH MAl ITO ANTI PATIIITI KO CDEITI8An 8EIIAnONIKHI

ME E1r1TUxia 0A.OKA.T]pOO911KE TO 30 oli]IIEpo aV1:1paTO"IaT1KO q>EO"TIP6.A aTO Alliavl E>EaaaAOVtKT]~, TO I:a~~a'to xn t KUPluKi] 2-3 6.EKEIiPpiou, na auT] lila q>opa O"TO q>Ecrn~6.A O"UlIlIETEiXE ue 'to OIKO Tl]~ nEpimEpo T] MaKEOOV1K~ KOIvOn]Ta,

lIE TO nEplO01KO 1Ia<; Kat TO OupaV10 To~o. I:'ro xoorep 1:0U 1tEptmepou lIa<; napoUataaallE q>OlTOypaq>iE~ ano xcreorpuuuevc Kat eyx:aTaAellilieva XOlpla rrov VOIiOOV <l>A.OOpIva<;, Kc o r o p re c, onOl~ e i vm TO «Mztorrcop» Mnamaopt K(lI 6.AAo. EmO"T]~ uni]PXav <jlUlToypaq>ie~ ano xnre orpnuevouc o-ruup ouc ue KUp1AA.t~ ypaq>i], KaTaO"TpOq>i] zou EKaVE Tj EUT]V1K~ IllaaAAOOO~ta. EK'tO<; ano TO ltOO"TEP un~pxav Kal rpia TpaltE~aKta ue svrono UAIKO onOl<; avaKowooael<;, otciq>opa ~IPAtU orn EAAT]V1Ka Kal ~KEOOVIKci, Ka900~ K(lI Ta nEplOOtKa Zopo, No~a Zopa Kat MaKEOOVlKO EVT]lIePOlT1KO lIEATio,

noA.Acl ano rc ozota ayopaa1:11Kav ano TOU<; napWpIO"KOIiEVOU~ a1:O Xoopo.

EAni~oulIE oe aA.AT] av6.AorTJ EKO~AOlaT] z ou 9a yiVEt aTT] E>EaaawviKT] va UltaPXel Kat T] EniO"T]IlT] EKnpOaOO1IT]O"T] O"TEAeXOOV Tl]<; opyaVOlO"T]<; TOU Oupuviou To~ou (Bw~lTO) E1:O"I WO"TE T] O"UIlIlE'toxrllla~ vn IIT]V EXEt 1I0VO aUIlPoAIKO xapaK~pa aAA.6. vo aVTanoKpivETal aTOV nAa1:UTEpO opyaVOl'tlKO Kat nOAt-nKO pOA.O Tl]<; OpyavOlO"T]~,

Em~TonH riA "P.nMIOY~" KAI "80ynrAPOY~"

KuplE 0lw9UVTa, I:ullnA.T]pOOVOl 'tT]V av6.AuO"T] Tl]~ K. I:oq>ia~ Boupn ym Tl]V «EKrIAl6.EYI:H I:TH MAKE6.0NIA» (TeUXO~ 59, TOlV «II:TOPIKQN» 1:T]~ EM:u9Eporuma<;) on, onOl~ O"TO POUII IIIAe1: aUlinEpIA.all~aVOvTav 'EA.AT]vE~, BouAyapol, MaKE06vE<; x.n. XPlanavoi, €TO"I Kat O"TO MnoU/,YKap IltA.&T, IIETa TO 1870, O"UII1tEP1AaIl~avoVTav tooo 0\ BoUA.yapol, o o o x n i Ma.eKEOOVE~ KUI BA.axot E!;apXIKOi 1tOU O"UvEpyaO"T11KUV npvo-repn IlE TOU~ MUKE06vE<; uurovourorsc (fKOTO"E NTEATO"Eq>, Mnrpo BAaxo, Iltrou fKOUAT], I:avTa.aKI, Iluvircu, Mro ipxme K.A.lt.,&naVaaTaaTE<; 1I:0U 01 m:plaaOT&pO\ &~OV1:ooe"Kav a1l:0 TOU<; ~06Ayapou~ &9V1K\O"TE<; ~ apXt<; TOU 200uatoova).

01 O"TanO"TIKE<; Aomov nEpi «Ptouuov» xrn «BOUAYcipOlV» eivoi noA.u aXEnKe~ KI aq>opouv n~ 9p1]O"KWTIKt~ OliciOE~. OpiO"T& Kat 1] sp lI1]veia - E!;EAt!;Tj 'tOU «lIaKEOOV1KOU lIu90u»

Me eK'riWWI'/ Fuivvn; Ilobvux;

l###BOT_TEXT###34-MkK6AONIKO A6,\. TIO /14

«01 'EYTIKEI 'ANTAXTEPEI 14EEI MAl ... ))

AIIOKAAY'PH TnPA AEYTEPIA ITHN IITOPIA!

C'tO apOpo avaYVOlptcr)lSvoo AOYO'tEXVTj-Olo.vOTj't~:

"Me TO 1tp6crXT])la TTj~ <jlv..ia~ EYPQITAJ01 KAI AMEPlKANOI MAk MElnNOYN kAN KPATOk

(I1APATHPHTHk 4-7-2000) <jlaive'tat 1t0l~ crTsYVOlm; 'to e1to.vacr'taTtK6 )leAtlvt. kUVatcrOTj)laT01tOlei'[(ll 11 1tOAtT1K~ (avai)l.O.K'to~ 1t6Ae)lo~ ouuospovrcov) K(1I 0 "npicrspo;" MYyO~ xaloeuet T' aU'tttl )I.O.~. LlEVU1tapXEt ixvo~ au'tOKpl'ttK~~, evw evOappUve'tat Tj ~evo<jloj3ia K(1I TO avnsupOl1tatK61tVeU)la.

Avn<jlacre~ xapaK'tT]pi~ouv E1tiGT]~ 'tT]V aVtlAUGT] rorv cruVS1tStWV 'tT]~ "nayKocr)lt01t011']cr11~", 61tOU T' apVT]'tIKa GT])leia 'tT]~ crKE1tU~OUVTO aVOpOl1tOKEVTpt1<6'Opa)lo., oro oxoio aVTt7tapanOE't(1l (;) 0 EAATjVlK6~ 1tOAl'ttcr)l~. Ma'tat6'tTj'ta xm uxoxpioto; ce crxScr11 )IE 'tT]V "LlwBv01toillGT]", 01 U1tEpj30AE~ aOtK01JV aK6)111 Kat 'tT]V 1tpocrEyytGT] TTj~TpO)lOKpa'ti~.

Q~ urria yto. Tllv U1tEpa1tAOucrTeucrTj Kat K!l't(l1tOAE)lTjcrTj T())V OIKOVO)101tOAl'ttKWV OtEpyamwv, mcreixo, eivct ro 06'1)10.: 0n01']1tO'te OUTtK6 eivm uvnzpoobeuruco Kal EK xpooiutou av9SAAT]V1K6. IOEoAoyia nou munl;,et 'to'U~ «AvOevonlKOU~» )IE TOU~ ()"KOTetvOU~ KUKAOU~ 1tOU )la~ emj3ouAEUOV'tat .. (Ko.pU1:C;a<jlEpl1~- KavEAAll).

k't6x~ )la~ crTa1to.paKa'tOl sivm va ~eO"Ke1tacrou)lE mv )leyaAo)lo.via6Tt eiunote 'to "~ TTj~ 'Y11~" Kat 'tT]V ypa<jll~ ouvoiuooiosoytc on -yla 6).0. TO. oetva <jlTatvE 01 ~SvOI. EUKOATj OOUAeta, Kat 0"'t0 TEAeU'[(l10 Ka<jleVEio, aKOU~ o.A1']OEW~ -yla TO Kpa'tO~ xrn TTjV Ka~ AelToupyia 'tOU.

Emj3aAAe'ral 6)1Ol~ xm 11 a1to)1uOo1toiTjGT] 'tT]~ cr1lyxpOVTj~ lcrTopia~, WcrTS KU1tO'tE va )l1tOpScroo)lE va Ae'UTEP())90u)lE a1t6 T~ "ljIEU'tlKE~ <jl!lVTaX'tEps~ IOEE~ )la~"(Ka~aVT~aKTj~), "'tOV )lE()"a~ToUpKOKa'[(l""'t1]T~ ... " :

1)01 Bru.Ko.VIOI OEV (l1CEAeUOEproOqKav 1l0VOI T01>;, liE TOV OtKO T01>; 110Vo.J(a ayrovo.

To psepuiv apKE'twv KEt)lEVOlV "Oi Eup())1talKE~ KU13EPV~crE~ Kat Ot Auepucnvoi 1to.V'[(l crTaOTIKaV Kat crTEKOV't(1l avtiOE'tE~ )IE 'tn cru)l<jlspoV'tn 'tT]~ 1ta'tpio~ )I~ 7tUV'ta K01Ta~ouv va 'tT]V EK)lETcUJ.eUTOUV KI ov xpElacrTEi va 'tT]V 1tPOowcrOUV ... "OEV 'tl)la TTjV Oto.AeKn~, 1t·OU ioropucc Em13E13!llWOllKE O"TI~ K6V'tPE~ TOlV MeyaArov, nUa Kat 0"'t0 Naucpivo K(lt oro ai)ln T())V <jltAeU~VOlV.

2)8 s1CiKAllGq T1J; <jltj.i~ Kat T1J; EIPljVTJ; KaTWTOUV VEKpo. YPo.IlllaTa, o'<av OEV G1>VOOEUE't(l1 ano npOl'tollouAiE; Kal TIJV ouaj 110.; Gl>VEIG<jlOPa.

Em13tlAAeTal, 1tPOlTiO"'tOl~ yta 'tT]V ~lOmcrtia rov MYyOlV Kal TOlV 1tPOOScrEWV )I~, vc unv xnpl~6)1.O.crTE crTa MOTj )ln~ Kal O"'tl~ crKom)l6'tT]TS~. 01 1tVEU)lanKOi avOp())1tOI 0<jlE1AoUV vu U1tEpj30UV 'tT]V mOl1t~, vn XTU~crOUV TOV ey())\cr)l6 ore

Aey6)1EVn EBvIKa OS)laTo., WcrTE TO KpaTO~ va )lllV j3piO"KEI acruAo K(ll va ~E<jleUy€l )IE 't~ )ltcr~ o.A1']OEtE~. A6'10l TTj~ Kn~~ 1tu\oEi~ )I~ OEV Ka'[(lOtKacrn)lE aK6)111 'to at)la'tT]p6 E1tEtcr6010 ornv EmO"Ko1t~ (AA13o.vtK6 <jlIJAaKlO), OUTE 'to nm:tvOpOl1tO E)l1tapyKO, T~ mscrEII; Kat rc cruUaATj~pln ... EUKOAn, Aot1t6v. j3AE1tOU)lE rn <jlaOUA O"'tT]V xoouoxocrootc, 6f10l~ Ko.vEi~ OEV crKS<jlTTjKE TI Oa1Co.OatV(lV 01 YElTOVe; Iln; av EllS\; 1}I1aGTaV AIlEPIKclVOI. (:Ot\ S1tnOo.v oi M1']A10l, OiOO~E 0 ElouKIOiOTj~).

3) H l>1tOKpiGia 1CEpIGGeUEI GTT]v J(opa TOl> TIMTrova.

<l>0j30UV't!lt )lEP1KOi rnv uemvncreucn xm rnv f1EAAovn~ crUvOEGT] T())V Elecrcro.AOV1KEOlV, 6)1Ol~ OEV )ln~ 1..Sve n yovioto. olnOSTOU)lE ~ zovnoi, cro.paKaTcrnvaiol, o.pj3aviTE~ OpnKtWT~, vromot, yU<jlTOl, 13Mxol, crMj301, "V'tnpva,,'lo~", YKaYKo.ou~110E~, Kapn)lnVA~Oe~, f1na<jlpa).lloE~ x.n. Karrryopouue TOU~ Touoxou; -yla TOU~ Koupoou~ 6)1Ol~ KI Ef1ei~ 13n1tTl~ouf1e TOU~ nO)laKOU~ apxniou~ AyplavE~! AVaGTaTrovoullE TOV KOGIlO Yla TO~ OIlOYEVE\;, o.AAci EillaGTE 11 110VaOIKl} J(ropa n01> OEV (lV(lyvropi~EI 1.-0.1110. IlEtOVOTlJTa. H YEV£TElpa TOU Aptcr'tOTEAll 08xe'tal 6AoU~ TOU~ 1toAhE~ TTj~ Y'1~, 1tAllV EKEivOlV 1tOU y~Ol1Ko.v ornv MaKEoovin (1tP01tUTOPIK6 a)lap'tT]f1u;) xm -yla ~V'ta xp6Vla KUVT]YOuV'tat E7ttAe""Ka. nlKpaOtjKallE )IE TTjV crTaGT] TOlV cru)1)1aJ(IKWV 1tAoiOlV O"'tT]V k)lUpVTJ, ~f1Epa, E)lei~ 1tE'ta)lE TO~ AaOpOf1E'tnVacrTE~ 0"'tT] Oa).o.crcra. Llta)lapTUp6f1n()"'tE yux KMOtOU~ xapTE~ o.AAci "1t01OU)lE TTl vncon" O"TOU~ "kT6xoBEA61tOUAOU~" Kat TOU~ llEYo.AotliE&.TB~. EvoxA.TjfhlKn)lE -yla 'tT]V "<l>paYKl"'l ioroplc" 'tT]~ EupW1tTj~, 6)1Ol~ OEV AE)lE Tl un-opia K(lI Tt OP1)GK&l>TlKcl OU5aGKOIlIlGTE: naV'tEAtj~ ayvOta yIn 1:t~ 10Ee~ TOU LOlKpa'tT], T11V cruVEWTjGT] T())V Bu~avnvwv, TOV llaTpttlpm AouKapll, TOV 8)1<jlUUIO, rnv E1taVaO"TnGT] TOU 14V'tEV, n~ cr<jlaye~ TOU Kv..Ki~ Knl 'tT]~ M. Acice; u1t6 TOV orpcro )la~ (EKOEml KapvE'tC;~ 1tp6O"TIf10 a1t6 'tT]V «Kotvcovin TOlV EBvwv»). O)l<iJ~ xm cr'tT] ol1tArof1a'tia ce rt Ola<jlepOU)lE n1t' TOU~ tcrXUpouc;. V'tpn~Kn)lE Ka06Aou -yln Tn "Muomca KOVOUAln" 1'] rc xpooomn "MllXo.v~)lU'[(l Yla Til; Ko.pO~ TOlV kKomavwv" ;(EAe'UOEpOTUmn 7-7-2000) 0 nn1taOE)lEA1']~ )IE TOV 1tpOKaO~)lEVO xm tlAAoU~, KaTT]'YOpOUv 'tT]V MGT] 1tOU aVExE'tat'tOV AniAo., OEOlPOUV 6)1Ol~ 1tpooocrio. 'tT]V apGT] TOU "E)l1WM)lou" )lE T11V AA13aVta ... Nu, "(l(lTL Ex0UIlE aVl>1CoAll1tTO KpclTO~.

4) Eival lluOO~ OTt 'I EAAcioa OEV ol~ya'YE IllnEpI(l4GTIKOii~ nOAEllou;,

Ilpooto-nxc, <iJ~ aVOpOl1tO~ OEV eium 1tEptj<jlo.v~ -yln KaOevav 1t6M)lO, aUn y\{l rnv IO"TOP1~ a1tOKaTaO"'taGT] GT]f1EtdlvET(lI:

A034-M)"'KSAONIKO AS,,- TIO 115

To 1913 O1:ox€1\aaJ.1e va "a1tEA.eu9EpcilaoU)!E" 't1']V L6<jlla, 1:0 1917 J.1e1:0~6p\ "cru)!)!arnaa)!E", 1:0 1919"00/;acm11Ca)!E" a1:lj Pro c iu xn i a1:U; 4/8/1921 1tapa1dyo va "a1tEA.eu9EpWaOU!lE" rnv l\yKUpa .... Gao Yla 't1']V 9uo1a TOU '40 Kat n~ Aa!l1tpe~ E/;a\ptaE\~, 1taYKoa!liOl~ avaYVOlpi<mlKav, a'iJJJ. ~e~aiOl~ OeY KaVU!1E Xap'l ee Kavevav. Av U1tUPXOUV aO\KiE~ a1t61:ou~ Eupcozcloix, a~ )!ljv /;eXVU!lE «m 1:1~ «axap\m:iE~» 'tOU~ To 1913 oro Bouxoupecn J.1e rnv Kaj36:A.a, TO 1878 oro Bepoxivo )!E 't1']V ava9EropTtalj 1:0U "Ayiou L1:E<pUVOU" xm KiJptcr aTOV 1t6A.e)!0 1:0 1897 ue 1:ljV "E9vuoj E'tU1P&iu" ... To )!&YaA£io Te1:OIOlV Opjuvrooscov eA.a!l\jl& Kat otov M.A. Kat 1tpoo<paTa 0 nETaij3~ aVeA.a~E rnv 06l;a 1:OlV LlpayoU)!ljoOlV. ("Ta 1:E'tpUOta TOU 1A\v1:Ev", ., A1tO)!,Vlj)!OVEU)!a'ta TOU Kapa~i't1']")

Enu.o'10r;

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y).maaa, 9PTtcrKEia Kat 1tapaOOaEI~. AKO!lTt Ka\ TO OVO)!U, E1tt olio XtA.t6:0E~ %poVta A.eyO!lam:av ProltaiolJ] Proltloi. loou Tt cruvTijpljalj, TO tOEoAoytK6 aoutl;ooo pacoeopcov ij XAa)!Uoo<popOlV p0!laV'tIKIDV 1tOU <pepvouv TTtV 1tEPIXapIlKOl<r1l nltroC; TO Vfl1tUPflKOAoU91]<JOllJlE Tl]V YEa E1tOXJ], EV&PYU erov P1l9lto Tl]<;, Eivat flvaYKulOT'ITa "MUl t£t01(1 E1ttAoy~ oivs\ flu9EvnKo 1tEp\eX0!lsvo a1:OV EK<rUXPOVta!lo. Evola<pepst vc llEtucrxOUJ.1e <J't'IV uaXlJ TOlV Olj)!LOUPYIDV rou Xp6VOIl, va tOY ovotvouue olapKw~ )!I: n~ np0l1:O~0IlAie~ )!a~" (PU!l<PG<;, "[(J'topia <JTljV KO'l''1 'tOil XPOV01l"). Ilpoxerrui ym tOY aa<paA.eaTSpO OPO)!O, aKoA.ou9cilV't~ 'tOV ue npoaoxi] I:A~01»)!E 11:111..1 ... Kat <puatKIl, oeY 9a ~ljA.t\jlOUJ.1e a1Jt06~ n01) j3aaavi~ovTat oro m:allpOOpolil. H m:6.crIJ T01)~ 9u)!i~Et 1:0 o\A.lj)!)!a 1:% WPI)!Tt<; K01tlt~, va napaJ.1eivst a1:O KAetm:6 00l)!6.1:IO ij vn ~ei e/;oo, va YVOlpiasl rqv ~Oli].

AtJ(!,UMoTOl T'lS ufTol'i~ 1\ 11:l'ro't011:01'01 <JT11v KO<J!'oyovia;

T'fANNHE rJOYNIOE EEPPEE

d0.34-MkK6A.ONIKO A.6~TIO /16

II:TOPlA

H lITO PIA TOY "PANTOBOY"·XAPOnOY

AnaVT1Ju1J TOV FlaVV!1 nOVVIOV UTOV oamcaJ.o N. B. ("IJ'J€JYPOI" Maioo)

To P601GKUP&I •••

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(2.:7:1'/ rrpa.nWr:lI(07:I'/Ta. 71:Wr; AEyovra.\I .)

o KMOO\; TIJ\; D.roGGoloyia<;, TonooVllJ1UllV Kal OvollaToloyia<; O&v ElVal XE1POllPYElO «ElllJvoGMIPOMITlV1KWV» lt~EooV. A&v GlllllpooVEl IlE n<; GKOnIIlOTlJTE<;

(nollTlKt<;, J1EYaI..010EaT1KE<;) Kal OEV Ell6tYypaJ1Ili1;ETaIIlE TO "E8vlKO Ka9qKov". Eival E1UGTl\IlIJ. 01 IVOoEllpoona'iKt<; yMi)GGE<;' ltVE 01 Et01KOi, £X0llV K01Vt<; lt~El<; Kat aTO YAwGG1KO

llnopa9po TOll<; (GllIlPaTlKu 2500- 2000 rr.x. KaTu TOV MallYKOllOIJ) ppiaKOVTIU 01 KOtVt<; pl~E<;. 'ETal

ot'ElllJvE<;, Ot JTaloi Kat ot I:laplKoi MIoi £X0llV TO 10tO KpaGi (Vino).

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TIJV AaKia (Pouuovtu);

0' U~I~E 61100<; TOV Kono va mIllE TOGO niGoo;

EillaaTE lKavo! Yla ilia TETOta tpEllva;

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o TUKtTO<; Kal 0 TIoliiPIO<; napaJ1Evollvolo~<i>VTaVOIGTa rEVIKU Ap:x.da TOll KPO:TOll<;, aTOll\; EKAoyIKOll<; KaTal6yoll<; Kat GTa 0IJIlOTo16yta. I:llVO:lla J1E TI<; ypa7tTt<; nIJYE<; ll1tO:p:x.EI npocpopt""1\

tpEllVa ano T1JV oEKaETia TOll 80.

ANAAY1:H TOY RADOVO*

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'Erot 8XOUJlB Rad-ovo, XooP10 JlB tIlPB<;, ue ?tpOtKlO).ltvOU<; avOpoo?tou<;, &UA.OY1]).Itvo Jlepo<; (~A.. Radomir).

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Oco yla TOU~ TIEpcre~ cruvO~tA!]Ter;, zou KI exetvoi ~IA.oucrav )W 9aUltucr~0 Y1U 'to Mtya AUc,avlipo oa KanOta crTly~i] einav:

«EJ1Ei\j Ot nEpIJS\j ayunclJ1S TOUe; 'E1J.1)Y£\;. 0 AI.E~UyOpO\j. clll.ro<J't'E, OSY 1jTUV 'Ell1)vu\j. i]TUV MUKllOOVU\j ••• »

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Mcxeoovic sivm Ilia xnt slvrn S/'AT]VIKD, on nOTe Sev unDPc,e MAKEL'.ONIKH rM2I:I:A, aA.AU oAa awu eivm nA.acrTa Kal TeXV!]TU OT]J.lloopyDJ.lam rou Tho.

AUTa A.tve 01 OIUq>OPOt nAT]pOOJ.lEvOI KOVOUA.oq>opm (ueoto T<DV J.lUtmKOOV KovouAlOOv) wa Kat IiIUq>OpOI cro~IVlaTe\;. I:TO TeUX~ TIl~ <dOPA» No J 0, cr£A. 32, lieiX9T]KS noco \jIeUnKa etvoi Ta enlxelP1lJ.laTa TIl~ \jIeUTlKIl~ nponayuvoa~ TOO ellT]VlK06 KpaTOu~ on TuxaTS~ 0 KaK~ TiTO J.liA1]cre npOOTO~ KalOT]J.lIOUpyTjcre MAKEL'.ONlKO E0NOL KAI KPATOI:. A~ J.ltAi]crouJ.le Kat Aiyo 11a TIlV apxaia MaKeliovia J.lla «m T] eAA.T]vIKD nponayuvlia cruvexw\; avaq>epel on 0 Mtya~ AA.tc,avlip~ i!Texv 'Elll1vCl~ on<D~ xm 01 CXPXaiol MaKeli6ve~.

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Ta crA.a~IKU q>UA.a KaTe~T]Kav ern vono T<DV BcrAKavi<Dv YUP<D oro 60 us 70 alwva u.X, Liyoopa unapxouv ouo ano\jlel~ ym TOU~ cxpxaioo~ MaKeli6ve~. Enst8i] aK06~ J.lOVO TT] J.llanAeupu 11a 'to tt i!Tav 01 apxaiol MaKsli6ve~ a~ ~ciA.oUJ.lS KI eJ.lci~ ~plKa ep<D'rTjJ.lanKU WU Km ri A.tyav OUK oAly01 apxai01'EAAT]Ve~ cruyypaq>s(~ yla TOU~ apxaiou~ MaKeli6v~

TIpcilTa-npwTa ncxpaJ.level ac,eKa9uplcrTo av T] yA.Wcrcra zou J.llAoucrav 01 cxpXaiol MaKeli6vec; i]Tav eMT]vlKD. Flspu !lno J.lSplKe<; emypaq>e~ us KiJpla OVOJ.lClTCl, T] apxmoAoYIKD crKUltUV'l xm T] y:l.rocrcrOA.oYIKD emcrTi!J.lT] liev £XSI ~pel Kan cruyKSKPIJ.lEvO Kat 1t£ltmKO. «Avri9STa unupxouv J.laprupie~ 11a TO avrigeTo. 0 Appwvor;, yla nupuOelYJ.lCl, nou DTav 0 «npootoaucoc» tcrTOpIOypUq>O~ TOU AUc,avopou, avaq>Epel aTO epyo TOU «AA.eE,avopou Avu~acrt<;» (=eKaTpaTsia) on orov 0 AUc,avlip~ J.ltAoucre aTOU~ crTpaT\cilTs~ TOU J.lIAoucre «J.laKslioVIKOO) 'H 0 pi]'tOpa~ Al]J1oIJ9EVrt\j, zou c' evo» oxo TOU~ AOyOU~ rou (I" WtAlrrmK~, ltClpUypaq>o~ 31) AtSI Yla W WiAlltltO: «( ... ) Oxl J.lOVO Ssv eivUl'EU11va<;, Oxt J.lOVO Sev EXel TiltOTe nou va TatPIU~et ce 'EUT]VS~, un ours Kat ~up~apor;, xou va ltel~ lto)~ ~acrTuel alto KcrAO J.l!\P~, crAM Ev~ OAt9P10~ J.laKeli6va<;, UltO TOltO arr' OltOO OUTS xcv eva avopultolio (SOOA.o) TT]~ ltPOKOnD; oev eUPlcrK~ ltpo)TlJ~epa v' ayopacrst<;».

o ItSycrAuTepo; roropuco; nl~ apxat6'rTj.a;, 0 00Ul<uoili1)r;, aq>i]vet oro EPYO TOU Ka9cxpu va svvoneet on ge<Dpsi TOU~ MaKeli6v~ ~Up~cxpou~ (~I~A. 2, 80-82). L'.T]A.aIii] J.lT]'EUT]ve~, aA.A6y:l.rocrcrou~.

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l###BOT_TEXT###;1t.\-MkK6A.ONIKO A.6k TIO ! 20

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(en. 33, 65, 66), 0 A10vUOWC; Kalll<pwVToC; (en. 24, 31- XPOVOlV ~E'rU"tTjV Avayf:wrtCll] (14~ (llwva~~.x. KUl1C1)piul~

36) Kal 0 Awv601~ 0 nEp1lJ'Y'lTtjC; geoopouv w~ ~opet(l ~eTu "tTj rnUlKtj E1[wuenaCl1] TO 1789). AUTO 1[OU crnv

cnlVOpa"tTj~ EllUO~ TTJ ypa~~Tj A~~pa1C1KOil - Ilnverou. apxalO"tTJTU geoopouv optcuevoi «e9vo~» oe Ol]AWVel 1[apU

o pTjTOP(ll; IOOKpUTI)C; oro epyo "tou «<1>iAI1[1[~» KCmOI(1 KOIVU y"-wcrmK6. K(ll 1[OAmcrnKu enOlxeia. i\einel,

(107-108) "t01[0geTei"tTj MaKeoovia et,oo a1[o rn ouvopc o~w<;, TOKupIOTep0crTOIxEi01[OUeooocreenae9vl]TTJvevOTl]T6.

"tTj~ Ell6.O~ xm xapaK"tTjpi~el '[OO~ MaKe86ve~ «ouX roue, aU"to '[0 enOlxeio 1[OU, ce TeAellTUia aVaAllcrl], ooTjYTJcre

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o M1jl>ElOC; 0 Aapu:raloc;, 1[OU eixe sxcrprrreuoet enOlxeio eivat TJ OIKOVO~IKtj ev01[0i11Cll] "tOOV 1[epIOXwv ~Ia~

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0ecrcraAou<; «EAA.TjVWV ~opeIOT6.TOu<;» (Jacoby F., Meonkovc (KI oX! ore apxaia XPovla) Kal"tTj<; <peolloapxia~.

Fragmente der griechischen Historikes, 129, a1[. 1). Evoaorqon 1[01l ~1[opecre xm "tTj Ol]~IOUP'YTJcre l] wepxo~Vl],

o looKpO:TlJC; Kuvel OIUKPlcrTJ av6.~ecra os 'EM1Ive<;, ,[OTe, acrnKtj "t6.Sl]· 0 1:TUAtV, Sivovrm; TOV opiouo '[00

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o ptjTopac; @pao-6~axoc; (450-400 1[.X.) (rev6.PTJ<;To1l1913),yp6.<pel:

xapaKTTJpit;el TO ~amAl6. ,[OlV MaKe<iovOlV ApxeAao «'E9vo<; swm l] ioropocc ola~op<pw~Vl] enagepTj

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o ptjTopac; AIOXiV1JC; OlaT1l1[WVel TOV iOIO KOIVO'[l]Ta<; T1]C; yAwcrcrac;, TOll e06.<j>ollC;, "tl]C;

xapaKT11Plcrflo YI(1 "to <i>lAl1[1[O (~1]~oogeVl] OIKOVO~IKtjC; t;OlTj<; xm TTJ<; 1jIuxocnlvgeCll]<; 1[01l

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'O1[0l<; ~M1[ollf18, etvor 1[6.pa 1[oAM t ':.>".7M. ( ... ) Eiv(lt(11[apai"tTjTO vall1[oypa~~leneiOTI

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ypa~~aTeia nou cruV1jyOPOUV 1l1tl':p I SexoopICJT6.1[ap~EvO Sev eivci upxero yla

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Muxe Sove ; Sev cvnxcv o ru ~ li" ~~ <j>T6.vel va Aei1[el eenOOKal tva ano to

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«MaKEOOvia»Tl]<; EKOO'tlKTj<; \~ .:111' I . '. . ["i, napaKaTOO, oro 1010 epyo ypacpet:

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TeAeUTaio o.trova lln6.pXEI eva ~(l1,eOOVtKO e9vo~, 1[OAuOl(lcrrracr~EvTJ ce ~IKpOrrOAeI~ - KpU"tTj rreplox1'J rou TOTe

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aAAacrAa~tK6. t9V1]. KWenOtxelroOTJ~ nOAtm.-i] eVOT1]Ta, xooo ~aAAoV1] e9vtKtj.

nOTE DCHMATII.THKAN TA E0NH;

KI eOw epxo~aene oro oeUTepo emxsiPTJ~6. ~ac; 1[OU «XT1l1[Cu;I» oro K€vTPO '[ou l;l]Ti]~a'tO~: Mnopei Knvei~ cro~ap6. va IcrXUptcrTEi =c;1l1tTjpxav t9v11 (Oxl uovo apxaio eAATJVtKO, nU6. orrO\ooTjnOTe) ornv apX(11OTTJTa; Mnopei Kavei<; vu rcirricet aUTO nOll 01..01 Oex6f1(lCJTE cr1']~epa (j)~ «e9vlKi] cruVEIOl]CJl]» ue rnv u1[apSTJ e9vo~TjT(j)V crTOV apxaio (ell1]vIKO Kat ~l]) KOcr~O;

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o ENrKEAI. riA TOn MAKEAONEI. . !.AAROn

A~ f;p90u~e O~(j)~ vc OOUflE n<; uopropie; cru veorepn XPOV1a y\(1 "tTjVunap1;TJ Mcocedovcov -1:M~OlV.

o 'EvyKE~ os 6.p9po rou otnv e<pl]~epioa Neue Rhinesche Zeitung (13 TOll r ev6.p1] 1849) yp6.<pel OXE'rIKU: «Q~ npoq TTJ YAWcrcra Kal tu 1']9l] 01 LM~01 mrroi uvrpcouv crTTJV iOla <j>llATj 6rrOl~ Kal 01 1:~0I"tTjC; TOllpKi~, ot Lep~OI, 01 Boovioi, olBouAyapol Kat Ot 0p6.Ke~ Kill MaKeOOve~ 1:M~ol, Ol]AaoTj ern <pUATj rcov A.eyO~ev(j)V NOTlWV LM~OlV ( ... ) L"tTjV rrpay~anKO"tTjTn 1] crAa~tKtj YAWcrcra aUTWV TOlV OeKa - OwOeKa e9vwv ano'[eAelTat ano tcr6.pI9~E~ a~OI~aia aKa'[aVOTJTE<:; OlaAelC'tOU<; (oo.)>>

Eivai qxrvepo eOw OTt 0 'EvYKe~ geoopei roue

d0.94-M,\..K6AONIKO A6.>... TIO /21

laKCOOV~ - Dil~OU~ XroP10'[0 ano 'tOU~ Bou):yapou~ eev~ xurus S£XroPI0nl an' am06~ yA.illooa.

L£ ilio apepo roo ornv £q>l]!1EPiOa New York Daily Tribune (7 -rou AnpiA.l] 1853) ypaq>u: «0 Lep~~, 0 B06A.yap~ 1Cl 0 Boovioc pUYla~ ij 0 LM~o~ XroPIKO~ 'tl]~ MUK£Oovia~ Kal 'tl] epalCTJ~ ( ... )>>

KAzivovr~ 'to apepo mrro vc OlJI1£tWoOUI1£ on: H B' Luvlita(lJ(£\jI1] rou «O.T.» xou npayl1u'[onOtijel]K£ O'tl] MeAi'tl] '[0 Fsvnpn rou 1997 oro ITOAITIKO roo MANl <DELTO avaq>ep£l '[0 £sij~:

«To O. T., !h;(J)P6i (01t(J)S 6c,allou, ge(J)pei Kall] CJUyxpOVl] £llpro1tll.lK1J IiIIl.VOl]CJ1]) Til. EeVl] IilJPIOVPYlJIUl T(J)V

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(Tu o,[OLXEia yux rou; Apxaiou~ MaKEli6ve~ eivm uno '[0 apepo xou 1il]110ol£Utl]KE OTI]V Eq>l]I1EpiOU «NEA ANATOJ\H» enc I 5 ~£K. 1992).

EKl:VrXPONII.MOI. "H AnOAYTO KITI.·

«. . .Turti oev unapXE1 KPU<pO zou Ii£ ea yivel eovepo,

OU,[E anoKpuq>o zou O£ ea yvroplot£i.» Knrn AOUKcl MK. 17

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