History of news media: When we talk about history of news media then we must have to look the date
when the first news was broadcasted, it was July 5 1954 yes it is the date from where our journey is going to be started. The first news channel to broadcast news on TV was BBC which before this they were broadcasting news through radio. They have covered almost all the key events of the last 53 years before that the radio was in action since 1922. History of Pakistani news media: The decision to establish a general purpose television service with the participation of private capital and under the general supervision of the Government of Pakistan (GOP) was taken in October 1963. Subsequently the GOP signed an agreement with Nippon Electronic Company of Japan, allowing it to operate two pilot stations in Pakistan. The first of these stations went on air in Lahore on 26 November 1964. PTV-Karachi Centre connected with RBSs in the country through Microwave link cover about 90% of the population. With the opening of PTV News PTV transmitted its satellite transmission round the clock. The transmission includes ETV and PTV News transmission. After that PTV launched PTV News, a new satellite channel in the face of tough international competition. The objective was of providing news update for 24 hours. In Pakistan¶s history media especially news media was not very effective as we were having only one source which was PTV a government channel and they were not allowed to broadcast any thing against government as it was proved by many programs were stopped during broadcasting written by famous critic and writer Anwar Maqsood. This was the darkest period of media in Pakistan when it was neither free nor fair as it was not presenting the flaws or the way to cope up the flaws of Pakistan and its regime, and this was not it many of journalists had seen the harsh treatment under late Gen. Zia¶s regime bitter memories of the late Gen. Zia-ul-Haq¶s martial law with its strict media censorship and µpress advice¶. Dissenting journalists were arrested and some were even flogged. Since very beginning the media was under high restrictions of government or I must say slavery of government like one of our present senior journalist Mustafa said "Having been through such terrible times under Zia-ul-Haq when pre-censorship was in force, I find that what we have today is like heaven. Current state of news media in Pakistan: Yes heaven the right word for many of news channels because when they got free they initially were cautious, not knowing exactly what the government was up to, but after realizing the situation they forgot their objectives and just started hunt for money by presenting hot, exaggerated and news that viewers would like to see rather then the actual news. When we were researching the primary material for our report we met Mr. Muhammad Ali Siddiqui, Head of coordination/Anchor at Business plus news channel, he accepted that many of news channels abuses the freedom which were given to them and broadcasted many of over rated programs which were un watchable by many viewers either with family or with their children. And one fact about this we found that the footages of dead bodies and violence creates Desensitization, it is a psychological process that has often been involved in explaining viewers' emotional reactions to media violence. Research on emotional reactions to violent messages has been concerned with the possibility that continued exposure to violence in the media will result in desensitization, that is, that exposure to media violence will undermine feelings of concern, empathy, or sympathy that viewers might have toward victims of actual violence. Research has shown that viewers who watch large amounts of media violence show less physiological reactivity to violence in other contexts.
. as American army in doing operation in Iraq and Afghanistan all Americans know that it is wrong but no one is protesting against army but against administration´ and for that he provide us a reason ³irritating some one in critical manner can kill positive side of that person and same is the case with army and if army stops working effectively then who is going to defend the country?´ And for government my question is why they are against government although government was the one who have actually made media free but when news channels got beyond limits the government imposed ban on channels and stopped their transmission which I think was the justified step but not on right time because I think this is government¶s failure that it was unable to control those channels.Mr. Muhammad Ali Siddiqui further said that ³media before emergency was targeting not only government but also the army of Pakistan and there is no other country you will find in which army is criticized in any condition.