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Exploring the World of Science

Division C Rules Manual
Division C (Gr. 9-12)


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Table of Contents

Anatomy & Physiology. .................. ...... .... .... 1 Mousetrap Vehicle......................... ............... .16
Astronomy....... .............................................. 2 Optics ............................................................18
Chemistr Lab....................... ... .... ....... ........... 3 Ornithology .................................................. .20
Disease Detectives ........................................ 4 Remote Sensing....... ... ....... ...................... .... ..20
Dynamic Planet.... ......................................... 5 Protein Modeling................. ............ ........... ..21
Ecology ......................................................... 6 Sounds of Music ......... ...... ............ ...... ........ ..22
Experimental Design..................................... 7 Sumo Bots ...................................... .............. .24
Forensics ....................................................... 8 Technical Problem Solving............................26
Fossils............................................................ 10 Towers...........................................................27
Helicopters................................................... 11 Wind Power ...................................................29
Microbe Mission.. ............... ................ ......... 13 Write It Do It.......... ........................................31
Mission Possible...................... ..................... 14 General Rules/Tentative National Schedule ..32

· Please read the General Rules on the back inside cover - they apply to all events. Note: all changes are in bold.
· Coaches: Please remember to register early for the Science Olympiad Sumer Institute - sold out last year!
· Please visit the Science Olympiad web site: htt:// for News, Clarifications, F AQs, Membership
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The sites for the upcoming Science Olympiad National Tournament are:
University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, May 20-21,2011
University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, May 18-19,2012
Wright State University, Dayton, OR, May 17-18,2013

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Read the General Rnles in the manuals and on as they apply to every event.

1. DESCRIPTION: This event encompasses the anatomy and physiology of the muscular, respiratory and
endocrine system.
2. EVENT PARAMETERS: Each participant must bring a writing implement and may bring a non-
programmable, non-graphing calculator. Each team may brig one 8.5" x 1 I" two-sided page of notes
that contain information in any form from any source.
3. THE COMPETITION: Students should know the basic anatomy and physiology of the muscular,
endocrine, and respiratory systems and how aging and specific diseases affect them. Process skills expected
may include data collection, making observations, inferences, predictions, calculations, analyses and
conclusions. The test may include various formats (e. g., timed stations, written test, PowerPoint slides,
anatomical specimens, etc.) for the following topics:
a. MUSCULAR SYSTEM - See for List of Skeletal Muscles. All levels should know:
i. The interaction of the skeletal and muscular systems to allow movement.
ii. Muscle fibers - the cellular and gross anatomy of skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle & smooth muscle.
iii. Physiology of the skeletal muscle contraction system and the neuromuscular junction.
iv. How the skeletal muscles move bone, maintain postue, and produce heat.
v. Skeletal muscle actions - origin, insertion, interactions of different muscles.
vi. Location and identification of the major skeletal muscles of the body including origin, insertion, and
function. See for a list of the Major Skeletal Muscles.
vii. The effects of exercise on the cellular and gross anatomical strcture of the muscular system.
viii. Muscle and tendon injuries and their prevention (i.e., strains and sprains).
ix. The diseases on each level from the cell to the whole person as listed: Poliomyelitis, Muscular
Dystrophies, Myasthenia gravis, tetanus, myositis.
National Level Only: Kids of muscle contraction, Classes of muscle fibers and their functions,
Understand cardiac and smooth muscle roles in the body, Understand muscle sensory systems (e.g.
spindles and Golgi tendon organs). Additional diseases: Carpal Tunel Syndrome, Botulism,
Fibromyalgia, and Chronic fatigue syndrome, Treatments and/or prevention for all conditions listed above
(drgs, surgery, etc.), Role of the nervous system in muscle fuction.
b. ENDOCRINE SYSTEM -All levels should know:
i. The three classes of hormones - steroids, peptides, and amines
ii. Mechanisms of hormone action - water soluble vs. fat soluble
iii. Endocrine related problems - hypersecretion, hyposecretion
iv. Hormone producing glands, their hormones and the fuction of each
v. Understand disorders: diabetes melltus, hypoglycemia, Graves disease, goiter
National Level Only: Endocrine cycles and negative feedback, Autonomic nervous system control of
endocnne function, Additional Disorders: Cushing's Syndrome, Addison's Disease, and Myxedema,
Treatments and/or prevention for all conditions listed above (drgs, surgery, etc.).
c. RESPIRATORY SYSTEM All levels should know:
i. Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Principal organs, their strctue and fuction.
the Respiratory System

iv. Patterns of Breathing .
ii. Functions of

iii. Mechanisms of Pulmonary Ventilation ft'. . .
v. Measures of Pulmonary Ventilation
vi. Gas Exchange and Transport
vii. How exercise and high altitude affect the respiratory system
viii. Understand disorders: COPD, asthma, emphysema, pneumonia, sleep apnea
National Level Only:
ix. Additional diseases/disorders to know: tuberculosis, pulmonary edema, Pleurisy
x. Treatments and/or prevention for all conditions listed above (drgs, surgery, etc.)
xi. Blood chemistry and the respiratory rhythm
xii. Regulation of the Respiratory System
xiii. Abilty to read a spirogram as related to pulmonary ventiation
4. SCORING: Points are awarded for correct answers. Selected questions/free-response quality wil break ties.
Recommended Resources: All reference and training resources including the BiolEarth CD are available on
the Offcial Science Olympiad Store and Website at htt://


Type Ia & Type II supernovae. cosmological distance equations and the period-luminosity relationship (Cepheids and RR Lyrae) to answer questions related to characteristics and distances of galaxies. Competition may include one or more stations. Bullet Cluster (IE 0657-56). SCORIG: All questions wil have been assigned a predetermined number of . data tables and/or graphs to determine distances and calculate Hubble's constant. Content Standard D: The Origin and Evolution of the Universe (Grades 9-12). NGC 2623. AGNs. ~ OLYMPIA \~s. to determine anwers relating to the orbital motions of binaries. and answer questions relatig to the content areas outlined above for the following Deep Sky Objects (DSOs): *Epsilon Aurgae. points.soinc. 4. placing images of different tyes of objects in the correct locations within galaxies. c. NGC 1068.*. NGC 6240. H2356-309 *Epsilon Aurgae is par of a nationwide observg capaign for 2010 and 2011. DESCRIPTION: Students will demonstrate an understanding of the basic concepts of mathematics and physics relating to galaxies./ SCIENCE ASTRONOMY Read the General Rules in the manuals and on ww. JKCS041. EVENT PARTERS: Each team member is permtted to brig either a laptop computer or one 3-rig binder (any size) containg inormation in an form from any source. Cen A. including Kepler's laws. National Science Education Standards: Science as Inquir. multi-wavelength imges. d. Hubble's Law or spectra to answer questions about Hubble's constant and the recessional velocities and distances of galaxies.' . and will be included in the Astronomy Event for 2011. .org as they apply to every event. The highest score wins. b. 3. THE COMPETITION: Using information which may include H-R diagrams. massive and supermassive black holes. A TEAM OF UP TO: 2 APPROXITE TIM: 50 miutes 2. be knowledgeable about. and antions. light cures. using graphing calculators to plot observational data and calculate periodicity or distance. Examples include sequencing images of galaxies by distance or activity. 2011 are available on the Offcial Science Olympiad Store or Website at htt://ww. motions. Ear and Space Science. Content Stadard A: Use Technology and Mathematics to Improve Investigations and Communications. spectra. No Internet access is allowed. Each team member is permitted to bring a programmable '" ~~. parcipants will be asked to complete activities which include the following: a. ~ *. Students will be asked to identify. matching images of light curves with the appropriate objects.' Recommended Resources: All reference and training resources including the Astronomy CD Rev. Formulate and Revise Scientific Explanation and Models using Logic and Evidence. galaxy clusters and groups of galaxies. eclipsing binares and X-ray binaries. Use all available information.'* weights will be used to break ties. 3C321. distace equations and relationships.soinc.~Iuitt~. globular clusters. galactic strcture. using charts. TIDS EVENT is SPONSORED BY: Chandra Education and Public Outreach Offce for the Chandra X-Ray Observatory @2011-C2 . MACSJ0717. stellar magntudes and classification. grphs. 1. Use all available information to determne answers relating to quasars. char. SN 2006gy. Stephan's Quintet.5+3745. NGC 7771. NGC 4603. Perseus A (NGC 1275). The materials must be 3-hole punched and inserted into the rings (notebook sleeves are allowable). SN 1996cr. including star formation. Selected questions having differentiated .

Aqueous Solutions: Students wil demonstrate an understanding of the principals & properties of aqueous solutions.. Students: must bring goggles and a writing implement and may bring a oon- programmable. 4. Recommended Resources: All reference and training resources including the Chemlhy Sci CD Rev. Stoichiometr includes mole conversions & percentage yield. phosphate. acetate. students are expected to know the symbols & charges for the following ions: nitrate.. ANSI Z87 indirect vent chemical splash goggles (see htt://soinc. Students who unsafely remove their safety clothing/goggles or are observed handling any of the material or equipment in a hazardous/unsafe manner (e.) c. but wil not be used as a tiebreaker or for scoring. Students should know how to use the "ite" form of an ion (one less oxygen than the "ate" form). Tasks wil be chosen from the following: 1) Use density to experimentally determne the concentration of a solution. unsaturated or supersatuated. 5. SAMPLE QUESTIONS a. b. Time may be limted at each task. For puroses of nomenclatue & formula writing. Safety Requirements: Students must wear the following or they will not be allowed to participate: closed-toed shoes. any constants needed. carbonate. interpretation of experimental data (graphs.g..g. balance redox reactions in neutral. Periodic Table. tasting or touching chemicals or flushing solids down a drain and not rinsing them into a designated waste container provided by the supervisor) will be disqualified from the event. acidic. They must be able to calculate solution concentrations given quantities of solute & solvent. etc. assign oxidation numbers. etc. questions about each topic. Students should be able to use the periodic table to obtain the charge for monatomic ions (e. and a chemical apron or a lab coat that reaches the knees. formula writing. & calculate quantities of material required to produce a solution of specified concentration. All ties will be broken by selected questions chosen by the supervisor that mayor may not be identified to the students. CHEMISTRY LAB Read the General Rules in the manuals and on www. (Ç2011-C3 . 2. Or the supervisor may provide students with data sets collected by such sensors/probes following demonstration of the data collection. but no reference materials are allowed. S2-). & parts per milion may be required. & calculate standard cell potentials using a table of standard reduction potentials. mass percentage. THE COMPETITION: The competition wil consist of a series of tasks similar to those in first year high school courses. ammonium. and/or observation of an experiment set up & ruing. SCORIG: OxidationlReduction: 50% & Aqueous Solutions: 50%. 2) Constrct a simple voltaic cell & measure its potentiaL.g. 6) Determine whether a solution is satuated. Oxidationleduction: Students must be able to write oxidation & reduction half reactions. sulfate. & stoichiometry are essential tools of chemistr & may always be included in the event. These tasks could include hands-on activities. and a long sleeved shirt that reaches the wrists. A TEAM OF UP TO: 2 EYE PROTECTION: #4 APPROX. Chemical gloves are optionaL. Molarity.soinc. 1. Supervisors are encouraged to use computer or calculators with sensors/probes. non-graphing calculator. b. molality. & hydroxide. Tasks will be chosen from the following 1) Use a sequence of redox reactions to constrct an activity series. Students should be aware that nomenclature. diagrams. knowledge of fuel cells. table of standard reduction potentials. Na+. 3) Stoichiometr & electrochemical processes (such as electrochemical deposition). At the state & national levels. pants or skir that cover the legs to the ankles. Supervisors: must provide whatever other reagents/glassware are appropriate for the tasks students are asked to do (e. 2011 are available on the Offcial Science Olympiad Store or Website at htt://ww. 5) Identify & explain factors that effect solution formation or constrct a solubility cure. 3) Use freezing point depression to determne the molar mass of a solute. 2) Determine solution concentration using a series of standard absorbencies & Beer's Law. 4) Constrct simple electrolytic cells. conversions between concentration units may be required. ~ \~~/ SCIENCEoL YMPIA ~. 4) Use titration to determine an unown concentration. TIME: 50 min. knowledge & application of the Nernst equation & common storage batteries may be included. Data wil be presented in a tabular and/or graphic format & students wil be expected to interpret the data.soinc. Students may be asked to collect data using probeware that has been set-up & demonstrated by the as they apply to every event. bicarbonate. EVENT PARETERS: a. 5) At state & national levels. & basic DESCRIPTION: Teams will complete one or more tasks and answer a series of questions involving the science processes of chemistr focused in the areas of aqueous solutions and oxidation/reduction.

Recommended Resources: All reference and training resources including the Disease Detective CD are available at htt://ww. Evaluate the data by calculating and comparing simple rates and proportions. Recognize factors such as study designiases that influence results (more for Div. Both the natue of the questions and scoring rubric should emphasize an understanding that is broad and basic rather than detailed and advanced. f. 2. e. physical. DESCRIPTION: Students wil use their investigative skills in the scientific study of disease. This event wil include questions based on: aJ ii. vector. the quality of supportg reasoning. Students wil be presented with one or more descriptions of public health problems such as an outbreak of food poisoning.g. bacteria. Propose interventions based on promoting positive health behaviors. The event format may be exam-based.soinc. Highest number of points wil determe the winner. Interpreting trends and patterns of epidemiologic data iv. calculations. outbreak. iii. Communicating results d. Selected questions may be used as tiebreakers. Recognize examples of various epidemiologic and public health phenomena such as types of outbreaks and modes of transmission. Students should be able to distinguish between infectious and non-infectious health burdens. genetic. This event combines a basic understanding of biological and physical agents that cause disease with an ability to analyze. h. EVENT PARAMETERS: Each participant must bring a writing implement and may bring a non- programmable. CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AN PREVENTION @2011. B). Generate hypotheses and recognize various fundamental study designs. fomite. etc..S. calculations.). surveilance. risk. environmental. Recognize various categories of disease causing agents & give examples of illnesses caused by each. non-graphing calculator. injuries and health behaviors). Points should be awarded for both quality and accuracy of answers. The level of questioning for Division B and Division C competitions should reflect the age- appropriateness for the two groups. sources or risk factors. Depending on the problem. a cluster of cases of West Nile encephalitis or state data on bicycle injuries. injury. Points will be assigned to the various questions and problems. infectious. fungi and animals). g. and the use of proper scientific methods. explanations. iii. pandemic. as they apply to every event. 4. or disrupting clearly identifiable chains of transmission. They wil also be expected to: i. d. c. and disability in populations or groups of people with a focus on food borne ilness.~ s~~ DISEASE DETECTIVES Read the General Rules in the manuals and on www. SCORING: a. THIS EVENT IS SPONSORED BY THE U. Calculations and mathematical manipulations should be part of the competition. iv.g. Datagraphic collection displays of data ~ (mental. Recognze and understand differences between the major groups of infectious agents (e.soinc. evaluate and draw conclusions from simple data and communicate results to peers. health. epidemic..C4 . C-less for Div. chronic. data analysis. Process skills may include hypothesis.5" x 11" two-sided page of notes that contain information in any form from any source. Potential topics include health as well as ilness i. Each team may bring one 8. trends and possible modes of transmission. Creating _J iii. variable analysis. b. Define basic epidemiological and public health terms (e. iv. eliminating or reducing risks of environmental exposures. societal. vi. analysis. THE COMPETITION: Sample Problems and Resources may be found at htt://ww. and closed-ended responses to specific v. A broad definition of health wil be used for this event. interpret. ii. they wil be expected to do the following: i. observations. Translate results/findigs into a public health/prevention message for identified populations at risk. inferences. protistans. J. zoonosis. c. 1. Based on these descriptions.soinc. A TEAM OF UP TO: 2 APPROXIMATE TIME: 50 minutes. viruses. a. Data may be contrved or modified to make it more appropriate for this age group as long as it does not radically alter results or interpretation. b. station-based or a combination of both. 3. including graphs/charts. Identify patterns. scoring may be based on a combination of answers. and conclusions. 1.

flooding.. springs. Karst features: sinkoles. capilarity. caves 1. stream gauging and monitoring. diversion of water. meandering. interactions between surface and groundwater 1. shorelines. nick points. floodplain featues. measuring. dams and levees: sedimentation. River valley forms and processes: geology. deposition e. ecological changes m. evaporation n. solution valleys. THE COMPETITION: Participants wil be presented with one or more tasks. V-shaped base as they apply to every event. hydraulic gradient. dammg of rivers. Chezy and Manning equations (Division Conly) g. EVENT PARATERS: Each team may bring four 8. floods. changes over time J. Lake features: inflow and outflow. physical and chemical properties. inferring. stratification. Sediment: weathering. Analyze data on the thermal strctue of a lake and determine how the stratification changes seasonally 5. watersheds c. flow lines. A TEAM OF UP TO: 2 APPROXIMATE TIME: 50 minutes 2. ruoff. Recommended Resources: All reference and training resources including the Bio/Earth CD are available on the Offcial Science Olympiad Store or Website at htt://ww. valley shapes. and using number relationships) from the following topics: a. recurence intervals. tributaries. waterfalls. classifying. stream capture. drainage pattern. communicating. stream flow calculations. aquifers. rifting. volcanic action. disappearing streams. straight d. Stream drainage systems: drainage patterns. DESCRIPTION: Students wil use process skills to complete tasks related to Earth's fresh waters. dynamic equilibrium. gradient. predicting.soinc. Pollution: tyes. recharge and discharge h. glaciation. elevation. forms and sizes. SCORIG: Points wil be awarded for the quality and accuracy of responses. transporttion. waves k. @2011-C5 . Ties wil be broken by the accuracy and/or quality of answers to pre-selected questions. permeability. and depositional featues b. transport 4. sources. direction of flow. main channel. many requiring the use of process skills (i. gradient. REPRESENTATIV TASKS: a. Constrct a water table contour map and indicate the direction of groundwater movement c. Channel types: braided. Destruction/ffects of land use changes. Hydrologic cycle and water budgets: precipitation. Analyze and interpret featues and actions of a stream or river appearing on a topographic map including watershed boundaries. 3. erosional landscapes. Groundwater: zone of aeration.soinc. water table contour lines. water table.5" x 11" double-sided page of notes containing information in any form from any source and bring up to two non-graphing calculators. confining beds. Wetlands: bogs and marshes. down-cutting. zone of satuation. porosity. observing. Interpretation of fresh water features shown on USGS topographic maps b.e. load. discharge. Lake formation and tyes: faulting. Perennial and intermittent stream flow.~ S~4i DYNAMIC PLANET Read the General Rules in the manuals and on www. deltas and fans f. erosion. 1.

At the regional and state level. life tables. forests. students should be familiar with the pros and cons ofusing alternative energy and its effect on the environment. Questions wil deal with the following ecological principles: Energy flow through food webs and trophic pyramids including quantitative analysis of as they apply to every event. exponential/logistical growth and how to calculate population growth. survival curves. Determe the population growt rate for an area given r (rate of increase) and N (number of individuals ). Provide three reasons how a tudra is different than a taiga. community interactions. i. human impact upon ecosystems (climate change. pollution). presenting data in graphs and tables. DESCRIPTION: Students wil answer questions involving content knowledge and process skils in the area of ecology and adaptations in featured North American biomes. 4. b. invasive species. SCORIG: Questions wil be assigned point values. Ties wil be broken by pre-determined tiebreaker questions. identify the tye of community interaction. @2011-C6 . death rate. 3. population dynamics including density dependent/independent limiting factors. succession. h. Each team may bring one 8. Students wil be raned from highest to lowest score. In each subsequent year. c.soinc. erosion. THE COMPETITION: a. f. taiga. create a trophic pyramid and determne the amount of energy in each level when given a quantity of energy enterig the producer leveL. EVENT PARTERS: Each participant must bring a writing implement and may bring a b. deserts. Then predict what would happen to the food web if the primary producers were greatly reduced in number by a disease. Give reasons for your choices. create a food web. marine (including estuares). Predict which population is the predator and which is the prey. nutrent cycling. Students are given three age strctues and asked to determne which population has the highest birh rate. tundra. acid rain. In addition. Rand K strategies). The remainder of the questions will cover general ecological principles. The event wil emphasize these process skills as they apply to ecology: defining variables.soinc. doubling time. one biome wil remain and one replaced by the next biome on the list: freshwater lakes and streams. forming hypotheses. Compare a tundra with a taiga. c. analyzing data from graphs and tables.g. making calculations and predictions. age strctue. students must spend the same amount of time at each station. doubling time.5" x II" two-sided page of notes that contain information in any form from any source. From the description of community interactions. What kinds of adaptations may be common in both environments? How are the organisms in each environment adapted for the rates of nutrient recycling that you would expect to find? Division C: e.~ S~~4i ECOLOGY Read the General Rules in the manuals and on www. 5. grasslands. carring capacity. extinction. A TEAM OF UP TO: 2 APPROXIMATE TIME: 50 Minutes 2. Recommended Resources: All reference and training resources including the BiolEarth CD are available on the Offcial Science Olympiad Store or Website at htt://ww. non-graphing calculator. Given a complex food web. d. SAMPLE QUESTIONS: Division B: a. selection and migration.. Approximately 50% of the questions should specifically address taiga ecology and tundra ecology. and mean age. g. Given a description of the interaction between two species. Division C: State and Nationals only: life history strategies (e. the general ecological principles should focus on local and regional ecology. Students are given a graph depicting the changes in two interacting populations of different species in a habitat. If stations are used.

rage. Hypothesis: Includig prior knowledge that contrbuted to hypothesis (4 Points) c. Constats: (Controlled Varables) Factors that are purosefully kept the same (4 Points) ii. Procedure: Includig Diagr (6 Points) g. c. Div. 4-Graph. Data Table: Includig Use of Signcant Figues for Division C (6 Points) 1. both the card and the container wil be considered part of the materials. c. 3. and a non-programmable calculator.soinc. Dependent Varable: Factor being measured which responds (3 Points) d. 2-Procedure. THE COMPETITION: a. Recommendations for Furer Experientation Based on Your Data & Practical Applications: (4 Points) Hits: a Statement of problem should not have a yes or no anwer. Varables: i. d. SCORING: Scoring of the event wil be done using the scoring rubric at the bottom of this page. A TEAM OF UP TO: 3 EYE PROTECTION: #4 APPROXIMATE TIME: 50 minutes 2. ~ sq~~4i EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Read the General Rules in the manuals and on www. Materials (3 Points) f. Grph(s): (6 Points) J. median mode. d. because not conducting an experiment is a violation of the spirit of the event. The supervisor must assign a question/topic area that determines the natue of the experiment. b. B: Average (mean). Statement of Problem: Experiental Question (2 Points) b. 3-Analysis of Results. conduct. The students must use at least two of the provided materials to design and conduct an experiment. The students wil be given an outline (patterned after the scoring rubric) to follow when recording/reporting their experiment with additional paper to record data. Qualitative Observations Dug Experient & Sumar of Results: (4 Pt) h. Experients should consist of repeated trals. Independent Varable: Factor being manpulated (3 Points) iii. Experiental Control: (Stadad of Comparson) (2 Points) e. a ruler. Points wil be awarded dependent upon the completeness of the response. The materials wil be listed on the board or placed on a card for each team. DESCRIPTION: This event wil determine a team's ability to design. Stastics: Div. or drwn in lie of best-fit (2 Points). Recommended Resources: All reference and training resources including the Experiental Design Guide or CD are available on the Offcial Science Olympiad Store or Website at htt://ww. Any team not following proper safety procedures wil be asked to leave the room and wil be disqualified from the event. The content of the report must be clearly stated and legible. k. The varables should be operationally defied. Any student not addressing the assigned question or topic area wil be ranked behind those who do. Supervisors must provide teams with identical sets of materials at a distribution center or in a container. Possible Experiental Errors includig identified human errors (3 Points) m. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN RUBRICIRPORTING FORM a. EVENT PARAMETERS: Students must bring ANSI Z87 indirect vent chemical splash goggles and a wrting instrent(s). Experients should be simple and have only one independent and one dependent varable. graphs and procedures. all materials must be returned to the event supervisor along with all written materials. Analysis of Results: Interpretation (4 Points) 1. The identity of the materials is to remain unown until the start of this event and wil be the same for each team. Zero points wil be given for an inappropriate or no response. Chemicals that require other safety clothing will not be @2011-C7 . C all ofB: + stadad deviation and any other relevant statistics tht team choose (4 Points). The assigned question/topic area should be the same for all teams and allow students to conduct experiments involving relationships between independent and dependent variables (like height vs. Conclusion: Include why your results did or did not support the hypothesis: (4 Points) n. Ties wil be broken by comparig the point totals in the scoring areas in the following order: Total points for I-Variables. 1. When the teams are finished. 4. as they apply to every event. If provided. It should be specific to the experient being conducted and is not the same as the assigned topic area. 5-Data Table. distance).soinc. Students may also bring a timepiece. and report the findings of an experiment actually conducted on site.

calcium sulfate. Benedict's solution Xl. cobalt Note: Students not bringing these items wil be at blue glass. hand lens devices in which they can perform the tests XL. A TEAM OF UP TO: 2 EYE PROTECTION: #4 APPROXIMATE TIME: 50 minutes 2. funnel(s) &/or filter paper xll. (Q2011-C8 . chromatography materials . etc. 2MNaOH etc. iodine reagent (12 dissolved in Kl solution) The supervsor may provide: u. Safety Requirements: Students must wear the following or they will not be allowed to participate: closed-toed shoes.g. pH or litmus paper xiv. reagents to perform other tests. or v. tasting or touching chemicals or flushing solids down a drain and not rinsing them into a designated waste container provided by the supervisor) will be disqualified from the event. a non-programmable calculator vll. FORENSICS S6~ÀD \~sàtJiia~/ Read the General Rules in the manuals and on www. a Bunsen burer or equivalent BTU heat source method of determining density of to perform flame tests polymers if plastics given or vu. ANSI 287 indirect vent chemical splash goggles (see htt://soinc. pants or skirts that cover the legs to the ankles. ix. The event supervisor wil not ix. Chemical gloves are optionaL. differential density solutions or other VI. lithium chloride. metal tongs v. sodium as they apply to every event. ll. and a chemical apron or a lab coat that reaches the knees. thermometer xvi.. sodium hydrogen carbonate. along with other evidence or test results will be used to solve a crime. All teams will have the same set of solids to identify. sucrose. Students may bring only these items: i. cornstarch. DESCRIPTION: Given a scenario and some possible suspects. EVENT PARAMETERS: a. writing instrments u. a wash bottle with distiled water c.e. candle & matches if fibers given. Petr dishes. slides & cover slips provide them. flame test equipment (nichrome wire. 9 volt conductivity tester (no testers wil be sided page of notes containing information allowed that run on AC current) in any form from any source. spatulas. &/or stirrng rods. calcium carbonate. paper towels iv. and ammonium chloride (there wil be no mixtues). xv. Each team may bring one 8. THE COMPETITION: Level # Part a sam les # Part b sam les Re 'onal 3-8 5-9 State 6-10 6-12 National 8-12 10-18 a. glucose. students will perform a series of tests. These tests. test tubes and test tube holders or any x. a hot water bath xu. boric acid..g. a waste container XUI. droppers xu. a pencil and ruler (for chromatograms) magnesium sulfate. probes. a microscope. Students who unsafely remove their safety clothing/goggles or are observed handling any of the material or equipment in a hazardous/unsafe manner (e. plastic spoons. Supervisor will provide: i. other equipment (e. etc. 3.5" x 1 i" two- Vi. b. sodium carbonate. 2M HCl x.g. vu.) or iV. potassium cWoride. beakers.) a disadvantage. 1. calcium nitrate. Qualitative Analysis: Substances to identify: sodium acetate..soinc. vll. and a long sleeved shirt that reaches the wrists.

f. cuticle. island. silk. The collected evidence and other data given could be used in a mock crime scene. Analysis of the Crime: Students will be asked to write an analysis of the crime scene explaining not only which pieces of evidence implicate which suspect and why the suspect(s) was (were) chosen as the culprit(s). Tiebreaker: Ties wil be broken by the highest score on the analysis of the crime scene. human. enclosure. avian. Students should understand terminology such as bifucation. whorl. Par 3.b. either prepared microscope slide or pictures of microscope slide is human. as they apply to every event. e. V11. Recommended Resources: All reference and training resources includig the Forensics CD are available on the Offcial Science Olympiad Store or Website at htt://ww. TilS EVENT is SPONSORED BY FOX BROADCASTING AND "FRIGE" @2011-C9 . Chromatography/Spectroscopy: Students wil be expected to separate components using paper chromatography. iv. (Students wil need to know hair structure including medulla. cat. c. ix. LDPE. spandex. HOPE. 11. Students should be able to answer questions about skin layers and how fingerprints are formed. bat. Seeds and Pollen: Students may be asked to compare pictues of seeds/pollen found at the scene with either seeds/pollen found on the suspects or seeds/pollen from different countr regions. iodine fuming. DNA: Students may be asked to compare DNA chromatograms/electropherograms from materials found at the scene to those of the suspects. Entomology: Students may be asked to identify how long an animal has been dead based on the type of insects found on the body at the scene. and horse hair.e.soinc. mammalian. viii.) c. See htt://nobelprize. v. nylon. tented arch. non-expanded PS. which includes the reasons why certin suspects have been elimnated or others remain in the pool of possible criminals.soinc. Part 3. educational_games/ chemistr/pcr/index. Students may be asked questions on the different methods of detecting fingerprints and the chemistry behind each of these methods. and 3. Students may be given the composition of soil found at the scene or on the suspects and asked to determne if this implicates any of the suspects. but also why the other suspects were not chosen. and double loop). ridges. Spatters: Students may be asked to analyze actual spatters or photographs of spatters to determine the angle and velocity with which the liquid approached the solid object bearig the spatter & the spatter origin direction. cortex. They wil also answer any other crime scene analysis questions posed by the event supervisor. and arch. PETE. SCORIG: Team with the highest score wis. b. Bum test results on these plastics may be provided by the event supervisor). cotton. Part 3.html 111. 20%. Time wil not be used for scoring. radial loop. The score wil be composed of the following elements (percentages given are approximate): a. and root. 20%. Crime Scene Physical Evidence: i. They may be asked to analyze which hole or fractures occurred before others based on a piece of glass available for examination or a picture of a piece of glass. Glass analysis: Students may be asked to use index of refraction to determine the tye of a glass found broken at a crime scene. Tracks and Soil: Students may be asked to match tire tracks or footprints found at the scene to tires or shoes of the suspects. PMMA. and/or analyze mass spectra. Students should also be familiar with the common fingerprint development techniques of dusting. Fingerprint Analysis: Students may be expected to know the 8 NCIC classifications (arch. d. PP. dog. 4. accidental. PVC. polyester (Burn tests wil be permitted on the fibers) 111. Students wil be expected to know how DNA is copied. 11.) SCIENCEoL YMPIA \~~/ Read the General Rules in the manuals and on www.a. loop. Blood: Students may be asked to identify the ABO blood type using artificial blood (event supervisor required to provide instrctions on how the tying system works) or students may be asked to identify if blood sample. PC (Students may not perform any bum tests on these polymers. Bullet striations: Students may be asked to match the striations on bullets or casings found at the crime scene and fired from a given gun. A lO% penalty may be given if the area is not cleaned up as designated by the event supervisor. plain whorl. b. ninhydrn. Polymers: Students may be asked to identify: i. wool.c. ulnar loop. TLC. ~ FORENSICS (CONT. or reptilian/amphibian.d. and cyanoacrylate fuming. central pocket whorl. 15%. Students may be expected to measure RfS. Part 3. 15%.

Ties will be broken by the accurcy and/or quality of responses to several pre-identifed questions. pygidium) m. £ Constrct a range char and determe the age of the fossil assemblage. imprit. ecologic relationships. REPRESENTATIV STATION TASKS: Possible questions. one published field guide that they may tab and write in and one 3-ring binder (any size) containing inormation in any form from any source. diosaurs with feathers from Chia. i. shale. but may change or add information to their origial responses while at other stations. tasks. b.. deposit feeder. Mineral and organic components of skeletons. etc. Environments: mare. etc. Geologic Time Char provided.g. Paricipants will move from station to station. carbon datig. ~ \~/ SCIENCEoL YMPIA FOSSILS Read the General Rules in the manuals and on www. Identify each fossil and record its mode of preservation. order. Common modes of preservation: permeralization. 5. scavenger. habitat. Geologic Time Scale f Index Fossil g. lack of eyes on Crytolithus. Lagerstätten. The questions will be chosen from the following topics: a Conditions required for a plant or an anal to become fossilized. c. actul remain. entrapment in ta/asphalt. species L Adaptations and morphologic featues of major fossils groups (i. Jurassic. 4. Modes of life: fiter feeder. pelagic. EVENT PARTERS: Each team may brig only one magnfying glass. terrestral. Identi each diosaur (model/image) by name. oldest to most recent. stations and/or examples: a. Participants are not permtted to retu to stations. A TEAM OF UP TO: 2 APPROXITE TIME: 50 miutes 2. Burgess Shale. original horiontality. coquina. unconformities (bured erosion suraces). mudstone. Record each specimen's order (Saurschia or Omithschia) and the period(s) in which it lived (Triassic. freezing. Identication wi be lited to species on the list. c. behaviors and the use of fossils to date and correlate rock units. benthic. phylum class. Order each specimen according to age. DESCRIPTION: Teams wil demonstrate their knowledge of ancient life by completing selected taks at a series of stations. Relative datig: law of superposition. predator. genus. silica. body part-eephalon. h. etc. e. e.soinc. hnportt paleontological events and discoveries and their signficance e. half-life. etc: (calcite. 3. Cretaceous extinction. Pleistocene Ice Age. family. Uncommon modes of preservation include encasement in amber/copal.. Peran extinction. sandstone. shells. Ediacaran fossils. cast/mold.soinc. volcanc ash layer. d. chiti) @2011-C10 . Emphasis will be on fossil identification and ability to answer questions about classification. Recommended Resources: All reference and trainng resources including the Smithsoiuan Fossil Handbook and the Fossil CD are available on the Offcial Science Olympiad Store or Website at htt://ww. The materials must be 3-hole punched and inerted into the rigs (sheet protectors are allowed). Trilobites-eompound eye on Phacops. or Cretaceous). Based on the fossil and rock associations.e. but other species may be used to ilustrate key as they apply to every evenL 1. Identify each index fossil by its inormal name and record the geologic period(s) durg which it thrved. cross cutting relationships. Fossil bearg sedientary rocks: limestone. petrfaction/petrfication/silicification. mieral replacement. thorax. Taxonomic hierarchy: kigdom. THE COMPETITION: Emphasis will be placed upon tak-oriented activities. fresh water. determe the environment in which the organism lived. b. mumfication. aragonite. d Absolute datig: radiometrc datig. SCORIG: Points wil be awarded for the quality and accuracy of responses. with the length of time at each station predetermined and announced by the event supervsor. j.

org as they apply to every event. music wire. including any attchments such as o-rings. (e. The functional components must not be constructed from rigid plastic. There must be a separate area designated for spectators. MAG: Each helicopter must be labeled so the Event Supervisor can easily identify to which team it belongs. ROTOR CONSTRUCTION: Competitors must construct the rotors themselves. There must not be any other lifting surfaces. Multiple practice flghts may occur at the same time. DESIGN: Helicopters may be constructed from published planes).g. width and ceiling height) in advance of the competition. THE COMPETITION: a. plastic fim covering.soinc. and glue. 3) flight time. b. excluding the rubber motor. vertical stabilizing surfaces. Qualified motors wil be made available to the team for offcial flghts. malleable wire. MASS: Total mass of the helicopter throughout the flight. Tournament officials must announce the room dimensions (approximate length. 3. There is no maximum limit on the number of blades or their chord. No trm (practice) flights wil be permtted in the last half-hour of the event. CONSTRUCTION PARAMETERS: a. they must not receive outside assistance. paper. DESCRIPTION: Teams constrct and test free flight rubber-powered helicopters prior to the tournament to achieve maximum flight times. HELICOPTERS Read the General Rules in the manuals and on www. commercial kits. The motor(s) must be massed separately from the helicopter. ~ ScIENCEoLYMIA \~S. fans).0 g. Tournament offcials and the Event Supervisor are urged to minimize the effects of environmental factors such as air curents (e. A TEAM OF UP TO: 2 IMPOUND: motors only at check-in TIME: 15 minutes 2. doors. Commercially available rotors or propellers must not be used in whole or part. Once competitors enter the cordoned off competition area to trim. d.0 cm. not exceeding a maximum diameter of 40. must be 4. c. Rotor thrst bearings may be commercially available items. The functional components may be attched to each other using tape. practice flights may occur throughout the event but must yield to any offcial flight. Teams violating this rule wil be ranked below all other teams. POWER: The helicopter must be powered by rubber motor(s) not exceeding a total mass of 2. The team must choose 3 additional data parameters beyond those required. The helicopter may use up to three fixed pitch rotors. At the Event Supervisor's discretion. or communcation. 1. and motor stick) of the helicopter must be constructed only from wood. the torque at launch).mJit¿'/ n. or compete. The event must be held indoors. Data must include at least 6 parameters for at least 10 test flghts prior to the competition. except for teams that declare a trim flght during their 8- minute flght period. The required parameters are: I) motor size before widup. Each team must present a flght log of recorded data during inspection. Plastic or rubber o-rings may be used to attach the motor to the helicopter rotor(s). f. rotor blades. 2) number of tus on the motor at launch. metal or plastic tubes. turns remaining after landing. Kits must not contain any pre-glued joints or pre-covered surfaces. thread. estimated/recorded peak flght height. g. practice. @2011-Cll . and officials wil impound qualified motors. MATERIALS: The functional components (rotors.g. Motors wil be massed at check-in. The helicopter may be braced with string of any base materiaL. c. Mòtors may be lubricated before and/or after check-in. ROTORS: Rotors are defined as surfaces that contribute lift by rotating on a common path around a vertical axis.0 grams or more. paper. b. and/or a student's design. d.. e. materials. Motor(s) must be removable from the helicopter for check-in. and/or rubber bands.

org National Science Education Standard: Content Standard E: All students should develop abilities of technological design and understandings about science and technology. @2011-C12 . A self-check inspection station may be made available to competitors for checking their helicopters prior to being checked by the Event Supervisor. but electricity may not be available. and log) for inspection immediately prior to a team's 2 offcial flghts.i \. f. 4. Any flight begining within the 8-minute period will be permitted to fly to completion. 1. Teams that violate a rule under "CONSTRUCTION" or "THE COMPETITION" that does not have a specific penalty must be ranked after all teams that do not violate those rules. c. j. a team may elect a re-flght. a. Team members must present their event materials (helicopter(s). Qualified motors must be held by the offcial timer and dispensed at the team's choosing during the team's offcial ~ . Teams wil be given an 8-minute "Flight Period. motor(s). Timers must follow and observe teams as they are winding their motors. The team may select any previously approved motors held by the timer for each offcial flght. Competitors may use any tye of winder. ~ see~4\ HELICOPTERS (CONT. k. Teams must declare before any launches during their flight period whether it is an offcial flight or trm flght. Teams without flight logs must have 30% of their flight time deducted from each flght. The timing official wil measure and record the "Time Aloft" in hundredths of a second for each flght. Ties wil be broken by the longest non- scored flight time. If teams do not indicate the flght tye before launch.modelaircraft." starting when their first flght after check-in¡(trim or offcial) begins. THIS EVENT IS SPONSORED BY THE ACADEMY OF MODEL AERONAUTICS htt://ww. The decision to re-fly may be made after the helicopter lands. Teams may make up to a total of 2 official flghts using 1 or 2 helicopters. The eight-minute period does not apply to such a flight. it must be considered officiaL. Teams with incomplete flght logs must have 10% of their flght time deducted from each flight. Competitors may make adjustments/repairs/trim flghts and qualify additional motors durig their offcial 8-minute period. Teams must not be given extra time to recover or repair their helicopter(s). b. SCORIG: The base score is the team's longest single flght time. Recommended Resurces: All reference and training resources including the Helicopters DVD are available on the Offcial Science Olympiad Store or Website at htt://ww. m. Event supervisors are strongly urged to return flght logs after inspection.) Read the General Rules in the manuals and on ww.soinc. Time Aloft for each flght starts when the helicopter leaves the competitor's hand and stops when any part of the helicopter touches the floor or the rotors no longer support the weight of the helicopter (such as the helicopter landing on a girder or basketball hoop). In the unlikely event of a collision with another helicopter. as they apply to every evenL e. The Event Supervisor may permit other official flghts during the flght of another team's helicopter. h. g.soinc. Competitors must not steer the helicopter during flight.

g. f.5" x 11" two-sided page of notes that contain information in any form from any source. SCORIG: Highest score wil determine the winer. Different kinds of microscopes and their uses. and making observations. @2011-C13 . bacteria. solve problems.~ ~~~ MICROBE MISSION Read the General Rules in the manuals and on ww. environment. Most questions should emphasize age/division appropriate process skills such as: data interpretation from graphs and tables. 5.soinc. What type of microbe is involved in the production of most breads? h. Differences (e. d. Some questions/stations may involve the actual use of a microscope.soinc. lichens. Based on the color of the colony. Possible live specimens may include only baker's yeast.soinc. Diseases caused by different kind of microbes and the treatment/prevention of these diseases. 1. All state/regional various bacterial shapes m. and diatoms. What is the approximate length of this organism? e.g. 3.5 hours of growth? j. If no microscopes are available. Students may be asked to perform simple laboratory procedures as measurements or using probes (sufficient information wil be provided at the station). how many different kids of organisms do you detect? Which tye of organism appears to be the most prevalent? f. What tye of microbe is responsible for polio? i. calculations. virses. fugi. From this pictue identify the organelle. g. The content areas may include: Regional and State Tournaments (B & C) a. Role of microbes in the causes of plant diseases o. d. preservation & decomposition of various foods. c. and state which tye of microbe it is unique to. Roles of microbes in commercial production. e. c. metric conversions. green algae. determe which organism is best suited for growth in acid environment. B. Students will be given questions pertaining to different types of microbes. or C is considered an alga. Provide two differences among bacteria. b. THE COMPETITION: The event may be run as timed stations. h. and algal and animal like protists. mitochondria and chloroplasts. virses. A. spoilage. Based on the following graph. Name & function of the light microscope parts. inferences. ciliates. what wil be the microbial populationlml after 3. EVENT PARAETERS: Each participant must bring Z87 chemical splash goggles and a writing implement and may bring a non-programmable. Important aspects of spores & cysts q. eukaryotic. Students observe a pictue of a plate with different colonies on it. Division C (only) National Tournament (B & C) i. Recommended Resources: All reference and training resources including the Microbe Mission CD are available on the Offcial Science Olympiad Store and Website at htt://ww. graph interpretation. prokaryotic vs. principles of microscopy and magnification determnation. determine (from pictues) which cell. Pictues & prepared slides are appropriate for all microbial types. size. The cell takes up abut half of the visual field. Parasitic worms k. determning actual size of the organism. Match the disease with the tye of organism that causes it. amoebae. etc.) among prions. Recognition and function of nucleus. Gram stain uses and difference n. Resistace to various antimicrobial agents between gram & gram +- J. A TEAM OF UP TO: 2 EYE PROTECTION: #4 APPROXIMATE TIME: 50 Minutes 2. and their possible microbial origin. drawing conclusions. its function. non-graphing calculator. Archaea. and fungi. Causes and effects of microbial population explosions p. Dangerous microbes. Microbial competition 4.. A cell is observed through a light microscope at 4x magnification. Using the following key. DESCRIPTION: Teams wil answer questions. Names for and recognition of level material Each team may bring one 8. use of a dichotomous key. SAMLE QUESTIONS: Note: Disease questions must be restricted to the 2011 Microbial Diseases on as they apply to every event. high quality photographs with appropriate scales may be used instead. and analyze data pertaining to microbes. a. Beneficial microbes vs. Based on the following graph. Selected questions may be used as tiebreakers. strcture. Estimationlcalculation of size based on scales in pictues or microscopic information and amount of the visual field occupied. Growth cures.

The sand timer must operate for at least 15 seconds and the mass of the accumulating sand must cause the next action. LEDs. Parallel tasks are not allowed. (20 points) Use a force to push a wedge between two objects to separate and cause the next action. the device must operate autonomously. electro-mechanical relays. (40 points) Convert circular motion to linear motion. f. All competitors must properly wear safety spectacles with side shields. mechanical switches. Electric components must be limited to batteries. matches. Each task in the device must contribute to the completion of the Final Task. The Starting Task must be Task 4.g. Uncontrolled projectiles. All parts of the device must fit within an imaginar box (50 cm x 50 cm x 80 cm). as they apply to every event. EVENT AND CONSTRUCTION PARAETERS: a. DESCRIPTION: Prior to the competition. Tasks receive points only if successful. Other non-listed tasks may be built into the device but must contribute to the completion of the Final Task and they wil not earn any points. and contribute toward Final Task completion.soinc. Starting Task. no smaller than 5 cm x 5 cm x 2 cm. c.a. c. batteries. e. g. Energy devices such as flashlights. fireworks. flames. wires. lighters.S. i. such that the stack of 5 blocks causes the next action. k. the teams design. test. 8. i. (20 points) Use a thid-class lever to cause the next action. 1.Drop a U. 3. . Devices must not be remotely timed or controlled. iv. build. and light bulbs. v. g. without the use of gears or screws. gunpowder. listed. The device must be designed and constrcted to execute a sequence of tasks from the list in section 4. but not the motors (see Penalties. Once stacked. quarter from above the entire device. h. (100 points) b. solenoids. candles. which begins the chain of events. All batteries must be factory-sealed and voltage labeled by the manufactuer. b.~ S~~4i MISSION POSSIBLE Read the General Rules in the manuals and on www. (40 points) Initiate an enclosed chemical reaction that creates gas and use that gas to cause the next action. (30 points) Inflate a balloon with a gas such that the infated balloon causes the next action. The quarer must physically touch and snap the mousetrap. The blocks cannot touch each other in their un-stacked state and must stay completely within the boundary of the device. Devices with potential hazards or unsafe procedures must not ru unless safety concerns are resolved to the satisfaction of the event supervisor. THE TASKS: No part(s) ofa mousetrap will count as a simple machine. 1.m. resistors.n. Unsafe devices receive only participation points. and hazardous materials (e. and mousetraps may be set/activated prior to starting the device. e. Teams may choose up to 8 additional tasks from 4. and document a "Rube Goldberg@- like Device" that completes a required task. (30 points) Move a volume of air (not pneumatic) such that the moving air causes the next action. flammable substances) are not permitted. model rocket engines.4. A TEAM OF UP TO: 3 IMPOUND: Yes EYE PROTECTION: #2 TIME: Set-up-30 minun: 3 min 2. ii. capacitors. each block must completely support the blocks stacked on top of it. and use the linear motion to cause the next action. (Variable points) Use sand that acts as a timer by allowing a stream of sand to fall from one container to another. No more than 10. j. d. rat traps. (50 points) Stack 5 wooden blocks. d. a. h. No lead-acid batteries wil be allowed.b. j. hazardous spils. Each device must pass a safety inspection before operation.d. iii. (20 points) Use an IM 3 pulley system to lift a mass at least 15cm. After the Starting Task. Computers or integrated circuits must not be used in the device. f. Electricity must not be used for fuer actions after the sand timer has started. The mass must cause the next action.0 volts wil be permtted to power any single electrical circuit. (20 points) Tur a screw so its tip stays in contact with an object. and the Final Task must be Task 4. @2011-C14 . These may occur in any order. The only liquids allowed are water and vinegar. (50 points) Decrease an object's temperatue such that the change in temperatue causes the next action. forcing the object to move at least 2 cm and cause the next action. (30 points) Use a closed hydraulic system to cause the next action. k.). motors. Substances may be added to these durig operation. 1.

longest ru time of sand timer up to ideal time. if the team starts the device correctly. The sign must start in contact with the lowest point in the device. 5. tether strng. adjusted. or 50 points for the first time each lettered task from section 4 is successfully completed. 15 points each time the device is touched. 100 points if the device does not begin with the Staring Task. 100 points for each motor ruing prior to the start of the device. 2 points for each full second of sand tier operation before causing next action. n. The TSL details the scorable sequence of tasks to occur during device operation. one time.soinc. b. c. if the TSL uses the format specified. between 60-90 sec at States.Raise a sign completely above the top of the device using a single pre-filled (prior to device operation) helium balloon. 1 point per 0. The sign must be easily detached and given to the judges to be massed after the task is completed. The TSL must be submitted at impound or as announced by the tourament director. c. 25 points. that task wil not receive points (even if it is the final task). fewest penalty points. Recommended Resources: All reference and trainig resources are available at htt://ww. e. 40. L 250 points. if all conditions for the Final Task are successfully completed in 180 sec. If the device stops. 2 points. Any obvious stallng to gain a time advantage results in disqualification. 25 points. including the 15 sec required for task completion. if the team uses no more than 30 minutes for set up. b. must be numbered and identified by letter in the TSL and device. d.1 g of sign mass (only if final task is successfully completed). greatest sign mass rounded to 0. if the tasks are labeled properly in the device. Tasks in section 4. remain tethered to the device by a strng. and between 90-120 sec at Nationals (time announced after impound). 100 points. if the TSL is submitted on time. Teams with an unsafe device must not be allowed to ru their device but receive participation points. j.soinc. Timing stops when the final task has been completed or when 180 sec have elapsed (whichever comes first). e. are included in the sign mass. 25 points. and rise only due to its buoyancy. The ideal operation time is 60 sec at Regionals. or reaches the three-miute time limit (whichever occurs first).) Read the General Rules in the manuals and on www. f. e. 6. 1 point deducted for each second that the device operates beyond the "ideal" time until the device completes the Final Task. c. 25 points. h. if all conditions of the sand timer are successfully met. parallel design. b.a).) a. intended to ear points. No sand timer points awarded after the device reaches the ideal time. The sign and attachments. 30. SCORING POINTS: a. 4. the team may adjust it to continue operation with penalty points deducted. 100 points. or "dead end" paths are ranked below all other teams. The timing ofthe device begins when a team member releases a quarter into the device (4. d. 50 points. TIES are broken by this order: a. ~ SÇ~~IA MISSION POSSIBLE (CONT.1 g (only if the final task is completed). hang from the bottom of the balloon. THIS EVENT IS SPONSORED BY LOCKHED MATIN @2011-C15 . jams or fails. for each full second of operation up to the ideal time. If an action inadvertently starts a task out of sequence on the TSL then all tasks skipped in the listed sequence wil not earn points even if they are completed. Additional actions or tasks need not be identified in the TSL. d. b. for any substance that leaves the boundary of the device durig operation (except the balloon. except the balloon tether. TASK SEQUENCE LIST (TSL): (An example list is on the National website. The balloon must be released from the device. Final Task. b. Teams with constrction violations. the points earned up to then determine the score. c. and display the team school name. c. i. closest to ideal time. or restarted. If the team completes a task themselves or makes an adjustment that leads directly to completion of the task in the very next action. OPERATION OF DEVICE: a. as they apply to every event. k. if the TSL is 100% accurate in documentation of expected device operation. 20. and sign at the point of task completion). g. 50 points. PENALTIES: a. d. f. 7.

A TEAM OF UP TO: 2 IMPOUND: None EYE PROTECTION: #5 APPROX. Altering the strctual integrity of the mousetrap includes. 1. Conversion of the mechanical energy of the mousetrap spring is permssible.soinc. The competitors must place the plastic cup upside down and tangent to the Start Line on the side closest to the 3 m as they apply to every event. The vehicle must have a fixed. THE TRACK: a. If any piece falls off during the run. The vehicle must push a 16 oz.0 cm of the track's surface. pin or toothpick) somewhere on the perimeter of the vehicle chassis that extends down to within 1. but any additional sources of kinetic energy must be at their lowest states at the begining of the ru. TIME: 15 minutes 2. and test a vehicle using one or two snap mousetraps as the sole propulsion energy source to push a plastic cup out a distance and retu to a point behind the starting line as quickly as possible. Recoil is NOT considered reversing. and stop at the center of the Minus 4 m Line in order to receive the ideal Distance Score. EVENT PARMETERS: Students must bring and correctly wear eye protection while preparing and runnng their vehicle or they will not be allowed to compete. Competitors must start the vehicle by actuating some sort of trigger using a pencil. A horizontally activated trigger is a construction violation. The fixed point of the vehicle does not have to be on the Start Line. h. All parts of the vehicle must move as a whole. b. (e. taping. and cutting. The point of the fixed object nearest the track surface is used as the reference point for distance measurements. iv.0 cm) must be used as energy sources. The cup may be placed anywhere along the Start Line as long as it is completely within the Lane Boundaries. (Ç2011-C16 .00 m apart extending from the 3 m Line to the Minus 4 m Line. Holes may NOT be made anywhere on the mousetrap. The edge of the tape closest to the Sta Line is the Minus 4 m Line and must be accurate to within 1 mm of 4 m. Reversing and stopping mechanisms must work automatically. The edge of the tape closest to the Start Line is the 3 m Line and must be accurate to within i mm of 3 m. reverse direction. THE COMPETITION: a. 4. MOUSETRAP VEHICLE S~o'. hard.0 m box in ready to start mode only before a run. welding.0 m x 1. build. Start Line: The edge of the tape closest to the 3 m tape is the Start Line. c. b. ii. DESCRIPTION: Teams design. j.00 m in FRONT of the Start Line. no anchors. 5. or other separate pieces are allowed. Sighting devices not using electricity are permtted and may be removed before the vehicle runs. gluing. The entire vehicle must fit within a 1. or stop it. The Lane Boundares may be extended beyond the 3 m and Minus 4 m Lines to help with determning the Lane Bonus. launching ramps. There is no restriction on the height of the vehicle. it is considered a constrction violation. f. The vehicle must not be tethered or remotely controlled in any way to gude. Event Supervisors must mark the track with tape as follows: i. but is not limted to. disposable plastic cup (provided by the Event Supervsor) to the 3 m Line. The vehicle must be placed so that it is in contact with the cup. dowel or similar device (which is not part of and does not travel with the vehicle).. Additional space must be provided in all 4 diections of the lane to allow for track over-ru. tie downs. pen. g. All of the vehicle's kietic energy must originate from the unodified mousetrap. The trigger must be designed so that the actuation of it is perpendicular (up or down) to the floor. tying. low-frction surface. An unmodified mousetrap is one that stil retains all of its original pars and structual integrity to function as intended. d. Items may be added to the mousetrap. Minus 4 m Line: A parallel line 4. The plastic cup is not considered part of the vehicle at any time. iii. The center of the Minus 4 m Line must be clearly marked. and clamping are allowed. leave it there.g. CONSTRUCTION PARAMETERS: a. The competition must be on a straight and level lane with a relatively smooth. 1. The wheels and drive string(s) are the only vehicle parts permitted to contact the floor at any time.. 3. Only one or two unmodified snap mousetraps (with bases less than 6. nor does the entire vehicle have to be behind the Start Line or within the Lane Boundaries.0 cm x 12. Lane Boundaries: Parallellines 1. e. pointed object. 3 m Line: A parallel line 3. bending. c. Ç~~15 Read the General Rules in the manuals and on www. Items must not be added to the mousetrap to increase the potential energy of the unmodified mousetrap.00 m BEHID the Start Line. reverse. b. d. Electric devices are not permtted. Soldering.

State. e. the run took 20. iv. d. National. and start two rus. 4 points per second. Vehicles not reversing direction receive 1500 points added to the Distance Score for that ru. the run is considered to have ended.8 cm away from the center of the Minus 4 m Line and remained within the lane boundaries the entire time. 2nd: The vehicle's other run score.01 seconds. and wait until called by the Event Supervisor to retrieve their vehicle following measurement. ii. b.soinc. Distance Score: i. SCORIG EXAPLE: At a State competition. Tier: A ru with no violations. 6. i. c.) Run Score 128. Teams receive partcipation points if they have no successful runs.2 points (42. Distance Score as they apply to every event. bonus is awarded. If a vehicle does not move upon actuation of the switch it does not count as a run and the team may request to set up for another a run. The Distance Score is the sum of two distance measurements. i. The vehicle must be able to remain at the starting position without being touched until trggered. Lowest score determines the winner.21 sec.g.) Read the General Rules in the manuals and on www. Tiers: Teams are ranked using the single ru that gives them the best overall rank. iii. and Time Score. If the vehicle moves any distance after the trigger has been released it is considered a run. ~ \~S~~Uia~/ SCIENCE OLYMPIAD ~. the Run Time stops once all motion ceases (including recoils). Time used by the Event Supervisor for measuring must not count toward the 10 minute Event Time. Negative scores are possible. not follow their vehicle.4 cm from the 3 m Line. If the cup tips over during a run. . i.soinc.5 m or receive 500 points plus the cup distance measurement. Once the vehicle starts a run the competitors must move outside the lane. If the cup is touchig the 3 m Line its distance score is 0 cm. Run Time is in seconds. ii. x 2 points/l sec. If the vehicle reverses direction. the Run Time is the time it took the vehicle to start and stop in 1 direction including the 3 seconds. g.42 points (40. i cm) from the nearest edge of the cup to the 3 m Line. The cup came to rest 42. recorded to 0. Teams have 10 minutes of Event Time to set up. make any adjustments. Both distance measurements are absolute value positive measurements.1 cm) from the fixed point on the vehicle to the center of the Minus 4 m Line. Lane Bonus. 1 point per second. Any action occurg after the vehicle has stopped for 3 seconds must not count as part of the ru. but must not receive extra time. g. SCORING: a. measurement is made from where the cup comes to rest. Teams who wish to fie an appeal must leave their vehicle with the Event Supervisor. 2nd Tier: A ru with competition violations. a -30 point d. h. c. Time Score: Regional. a team starts a vehicle before the Event Supervisor is ready or the team picks up the vehicle before it is measured) it is a failed run.8) Lane Bonus -30 points Time Score 40.3rd Tier: A ru with constrction violations or both competition and constrction violations. It does NOT matter on which side of the lines the cup and the fixed point come to rest.42 sec. Run Score: The Run Score is the sum of the Distance Score. e. If the time or distance cannot be measured for a vehicle (e.4 + 75. f. If the second run has started before the 10 minute period has elapsed. Tiebreakers: 1st: Distance score of the better ru. iii. In this instance. it must be allowed to run to completion. The team may elect to not push the cup but receives 300 points as the cup to 3 m Line measurement plus the 500 points for not passing 1. @2011-C17 . MOUSETRAP VEHICLE (CONT. If the vehicle does not reverse within 3 seconds after coming to a stop. 2) The distance (point to point) in cm (nearest 0. The fixed point was 75. ii. The competitors must not push or constrain the vehicle during release nor touch their vehicle during a run. 1) The perpendicular distance (point to line) in cm (to the nearest O.5 m.21 seconds. take measurements.62 points Recommended Resources: All reference and trainng resources including the Mousetrap Vehicle (Out & Back) DVD are available on the Official Science Olympiad Store or Website at htt://ww. Run Time starts when the vehicle begins forward motion and ends when the vehicle comes to a complete stop. = 20. Lane Bonus: If the fixed point remains within the Lane Boundaries through the entire ru. 2 points per second. f. The cup must pass at least 1. iii.

focal length. ll. protractors. color reflection. real object. color absorption. (Ç2011-C18 . erect/inverted. All answers are to be provided in SI units with proper significant figues. a. velocities. All reference materials to be used during the competition must be secured in a 3-ring binder. Doppler shift v. and human color sensitivity) 11. TIME: 50 Minutes 2. The event supervisor wil use a timer to record to the nearest second the amount of time the team uses to set-up the mirrors. Propagation of wave fronts (Huygens' Priciple) vii. Part 3: Laser Shoot . DESCRIPTION: This event includes activities and questions related to geometric and physical optics. A TEAM OF UP TO: 2 EYE PROTECTION: None Required APPROX. real object. The Laser Shoot Surface (LSS) is a horizontal flat surace enclosed by a 2 :l 0. 11. The miors must have a width and height of at least 5 cm. difference between coherent and non-coherent light) c. The size of the enclosed horizontal surface is 56:l 1 cm x 35 :l 1 cm. i.soinc. Wavelengths. erect/inverted. concave.~ SÇ~~IA OPTICS Read the General Rules in the manuals and on www.The objective is to reflect a laser beam with two miors. focal length. 3. frequencies. Visible Spectrum (colors: primary/secondary. Absorption Spectra vii. EVENT PARMETERS: a. magnification) b. Law of reflection (Spectral / Diffuse) ii. must be 3- hole punched and inserted in the binder so that regardless of orientation nothing can fall out. b. Refraction (measurement of index of refraction. THE COMPETITION: The competition consists of three parts that include experimental tasks and questions related to geometric optics and physical as they apply to every event. not intensity) x. Energy and momentum of photons State and National Tournaments may also include: ix. which may include the following topics: i. Light Intensity (Inverse square law. and use any tye of calculator for use durng any part of the competition. Prism (Deviation and Dispersion) iv. magnification) State and National Tournaments may also include: vi. iV. and images (reaVvirtl. magnification) v. which may include the following topics: i. Bright Line Spectra Vi. and plain mirrors: ray tracing. Competitors may bring tape measures. The mirror is mounted so that it stands vertically (at a 90 degree angle to the LSS) and can be easily relocated on the LSS by the students. Convex. Lasers (theory of operation.5 cm thick wall. around a barrier to strike a given taget. erect/inverted. Ray tracing of two lens systems: real and virtal objects. Part l: Geometric Optics. and nomenclatue of the various portions of the EM spectr iv. the surface may be a table top. Snell's Law. Convex and concave lens: ray tracing. v. Interference and superposition of waves (Young's experient--location oflight and dark peaks only. rulers. The maximum set-up time is 5 minutes. Part 2: Physical Optics.5 cm. 1. Ray tracing of two perpendicular or parallel plane mirrors (comer reflector and/or periscope) viii. Structue and fuction of the parts of the eye iii. images (reaVvirtal. The height of the wall above the laser shoot surace is 1O:l 0. images (reaVvirtl. additive/subtractive. critical angle) iii. thin lens equation. lensmaker's equation. SI units) viii.

Points are awarded for correct answers. and mirror placement/alignent within the 5 minute time allowed. Competitors must not mark on or modify the LSS. All mirrors must be placed in a home position designated by the event supervisor before the next competitors are permtted to see the laser shoot station. Competitors must make all measurements. A line is drawn on the LSS from a point directly below the emitting tip of the laser to a point directly below the center of the laser beam where it strikes the opposite walL.(distance from TP to center oflaser beam (in mm)/lO) (Note: if the distance is:. xv. xiii. xi. xli. Par 1: Geometrc Optics % correct answers x 30 points Recommended Resources: All reference and training resources are available at htt://ww. A barrer is placed somewhere between the emittng tip of the laser and the Target. The event supervisor must test the beam's alignent before the next team is permitted to see the LSS. xiv. Supervisors are encouraged to provide a stadardized form on which students can show all ray tracings. The laser must be securely mounted through the wall such that it cannot be moved and the laser beam is perpendicular to the wall through which it is mounted.b. The laser must not be tued on until the competitor(s) complete the mirror placement / as they apply to every event. Competitors are not permitted to touch the laser or change its orientation and/or position. One of the marks on the scale must align with the center of the laser beam where it stries the walL. Points are distrbuted in the following maner: i. measurements and calculations. vii. Class 2 Lasers (1 m W or less) are to be used. The barrier must be in the same position and orientation in respect to the LSS for all competitors. laser shoot set-up time and laser shoot accuracy. SCORIG: a. Par 3: Laser Shoot set-up time (300-t)/300 x 10 points iv. viii. This mark is the Target. Part 3: Laser Shoot Accuracy 30 . Part 2: Physical Optics % correct answers x 30 points iii. The event supervisor wil identify the tiebreaker question(s) or task(s) on the answer form provided to the students at the beginning of the competition period. lX.soinc. @2011-C19 .iv. The highest total points wins. set the result to 0 for 4.) c. measurements.5 cm above the LSS. The barrer must have a width of 2 to 4 cm and the laser beam must strke the barier at approximately the horizontal center.soinc.~ s~~ OPTICS (CONT. calculations. A metrc scale with a resolution of at least 1 mm wil be attched horizontally to the target wall at the level at which the laser strikes. Vi. x.) Read the General Rules in the manuals and on www. 56:11 em 10:fOo\lm 4. Green lasers are preferred but not required. The laser must remain fixed throughout the entire event. A laser (provided by the Event Supervisor) is mounted in a horizontal plane through the approximate center of one of the 35 cm long walls at a height of2:l 0. calculations. Ties are broken using a designated task(s) or question(s). 300 mm. b. analysis of data.

& evidence for human impact on the environment. Compare the area of inect inestation in a given location with recorded amounts in previous years.soinc. natural and man-made sources of greenhouse gasses. ~ ORNITHOLOGY & REMOTE SENSING SCIENCEoL YMPIA \~s:~t1:i¡~u/ Read the General Rules in the manuals and on www. REMOTE SENSING 1. Students may be asked to interpret digital data presented numerically in a grd. diet. EVENT PARMETERS: Each student may bring one commercially published book (or field guide). a. a triangle. a protractor.) f. consequences. ecology. Specimens/pictures will be lettered or numbered at each station. THE COMPETITION: Each team wil be given an answer sheet on which they wil record answers. f. distribution. c. hydrologic cycles. Recommended Resources: All specimens listed on the Offcial Science Olympiad National Bird List are represented in the Peterson Field Guide to Birds of North America (08). and priciples of digital image processing).soinc. but no other resources. adaptive anatomy such as bil size and @2011-C20 .soinc. Participants should be able to do basic identification to the level indicated on the Offcial as they apply to every event. 4. reproduction. one two-sided page of the Official National Bird List and one 8. behavior. both are available on the Offcial Science Olympiad Store and Website at htt://ww. and slides or pictues of specimens. Students should be familiar with the priciples of satellte imagery. oceanic and atmospheric monitoring. EVENT PARAMETERS: Each team may bring five 8. SCORIG: Teams with the highest score will be the winers. No more than 50% of the competition wil require giving common or scientific names. land use monitoring. carbon cycles. migration. Students should understad concepts and terms related to the sustainability of the terrestral. SAMLE ACTIVTIES: a. Each paricipant may brig a metric ruler. 3.5" x 11" two-sided page of notes that contain information in any form from any source (teams may tab fUmit 3 wordsl the guide and write on any of these).soinc. electronic devices or printed labels will be allowed. States may have a modified state or regional list. A TEAM OF UP TO: 2 APPROXITE TIM: 50 minutes 2. Each specimen will have one or more questions accompanying it on some aspect of its life history. A TEAM OF UP TO: 2 APPROXIMATE TIME: 50 minutes 2. niche. land. b. habitat characteristics. Students will use math computations to analyze or express quatitative data d. symbiotic relationships. Students wil analyze and interret remote sensing imges. land. e. e. skeletal material. No other resources. includig orbital missions and sensor systems related to cliate change. 4. trophic level. including behavior. sea and ice elevations. distrbution or occurrence (rare. Recommended Resources: All reference and training resources including the Remote Sensing CD are available on the Offcial Science Olympiad Store or Website at htt://ww. changes in land. Selected task will be used as a tiebreaker. ORNITHOLOGY l. greenhouse gasses. radiative balance of the atmosphere. Selected questions may be used as tiebreakers. DESCRIPTION: Teams wil use remote sensing imagery. the elecomagnetic (EM) sp and inteon betwee EM ener and the atmospher (particularly radiometric measurements of temperatures. The causes. and atmospheric environments on earh and the interactions which support life and civilition as we know it: development and resource extraction. oceanic. All questions wil be restricted to specimens on the Offcial National List-see htt://ww. recordings of songs. conservation and biogeography. Evaluate area daaged by deforestation or forest fies. See your state web site. b. The event may include preserved specimens. c. common. 3. endangered. and any kid of (non-graphing) as are all reference and trainig resources. 5. SCORING: The teams with the highest number of correct answers wil be the winners. The ecology questions may pertain to any ecological aspect of the species. science and math process skills to complete taks related to an understanding of the causes and consequences of human impact on the envionment. atmospheric and oceanic temperatures. DESCRIPTION: This event will test knowledge of North American birds on the official list. anatomy and physiology. habitat. special concern.5" x 11" two-sided sheets of paper containig any information from any source. and plant growt. sea and vegetative color. passive and active sensors. b. The competition may be ru as timed stations and/or as a timed slides PowerPoint presentation. THE COMPETITION: The event wil be organized as follows: a.

htm) to design and construct a model of a specific protein based on atomic coordinate data.Toober@ model & positioning specific amino acid sidechains and/or accessory molecules. Durg the on-site competition at the State Competition. cross linkers and plastic red and blue end caps) wil be provided. Students wil use a computer visualization program (Jmol. b. The on-site build protein model (Part II) will be scored based on accuracy of folding the Min.). The pre-build protein model (Part I) wil be scored based on the accuracy & scale of the alpha-helix & beta-sheet secondary l2 gauge dimensional house wire. Any model not handed to the judges by the end of the competition time wil not be accepted for scorig. The exam (Part III) wil be scored for accuracy.5"xl l" pages of notes.soinc. Students may use Mini. All constrction materials for the model (Mini. or use other comparable material (e.doi. The final pre-build model must be based on the alpha carbon backbone display of the model and must use a scale of 2 cm per amino acid. with an emphasis on induced pleurpotent stem cells. PROTEIN MODELING Read the General Rules in the manuals and on www. c. ~ \~~/ SCIENCEoL YMPIAD n. Students must provide a 3"x5" note card explaining the additions to their model and what they represent. htt://cbm. The focus of the model should be on creatively tellng the story of the molecule's significance. DESCRIPTION: Students wil use computer visualization and online resources to guide them in constructing physical models of proteins. based on the coordinate data found in the 2wbu. Internet access is not Part II: The On-Site ModeL. 4.pdb). such as amino acid sidechains. EVENT PARETERS: Pre-build models will be impounded one hour before the event begins. Goodsell. A TEAM OF UP TO: 3 IMPOUND: Yes APPROXIMATE TIME: 50 minutes for Part II & III 2. Creative additions that do not support the molecular story wil not receive full credit. students wil design and build a physical model of a selected region ofNanog (2ktO. Resources: Event details and available kit information can be found at: htt://cbm:msoe. A significant portion of the score wil be derived from the creative additions to the modeL.msoe. 30% on the on-site build (part II) and 30% on the written exam (Part III).pdb). students wil design and build a physical model of a selected region of Oct4 (lgtO.Toobers@ to model their protein.pdb fie. as the competition level increases. Students will constrct a model of Klf4.pdb.. The additions to the model should focus on ilustrating the significance of the strctue to the fuction of the protein. Supervisors wil provide all materials for on-site model constrction. GoodselL. c. MSOE and 3D Molecular Designs (Ç2011-C21 . During the on-site competition at Regional Competitions. students wil model proteins involved in reprogramming adult cells to become stem cells. 3. Part I: The Pre-Build ModeL. Part il: The On-Site Written Exam wil be multiple choice/short answer questions about the relationship between protein strctue and function. 8. DNA or associated molecules. Ties wil be broken using specific questions from the written exam selected by the event supervisor. & an exam.2210/rcsbydb/mom_2009_4) by David S. For the 20 II competitions. an on-site build model. foam amio acid sidechains. a. Models will be returned to the students after the competition. students wil design and build a physical model of a selected region of c-myc (lnkp. 1. THE COMPETITION: Ths event has three parts: a pre-build model. e. also known as induced pleuripotent stem cells (IPS).g. Students wil represent other important parts of the protein. Students must bring a wrting instrument. Students may bring up to five double-sided. DNA or associated molecules. which is described in the April 2009 RCSB Molecule of the Month (htt:// a. Students wil utilize a computer provided with the Jmol application at the competition.221O/rcsbydb/mom_2009_4) by David S. The same constructed model of the Klf4 protein wil be brought to all competitions. with materials of their choosing.htm This event is sponsored by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. d. as they apply to every event. Students must deliver their pre-build model and 3"x5" card to judges at the competition site for impounding. SCORIG: 40% of the event score wil be based on the pre-build protein model (Part I). detail and creativity.pdb). b. Durg the on-site competition at the National Competition. Kwik Twists. as well as other creative additions to the protein backbone such as sidechains.Toobers@l. Strctual information about this fie can be accessed for free through the RCSB Protein Data Bank (ww. strctue & function. Students must utilize only one of the identical computers provided at the competition with the above-mentioned files on it to guide their model constrction. the scoring rubrics for the pre-build model wil reflect higher expectations for model accuracy. which is described in the April 2009 RCSB Molecule of the Month (htt://

d.. SOUNDS OF MUSIC Read the General Rules in the manuals and on www. They must also playa duet of their choosing which best demonstrates their instrents' capabilities. Instrments wil be evaluated on creativity and originality. iv. No electrcity is allowed. etc. c. 11. in any key within the musical ranges specified. Each member wil play at least one instrment. EVENT PARAMETERS: a. A TEAM OF: 2 EYE PROTECTION: None Required APPROXIMTE TIME: 20 min/Set-up 5 min 2. and sound quality. 1. w CI î~ ~~~ 0). whistles. ~õ~ w~(1"'W O)(I æ~~ --- ~~ "'CIC1 ~~~ m~AN~~~ "'ON~Ñ OA A~æ ~~_0) 0)q. toy or professional instruments or parts of such instrments wil be permitted including items such as bells. The only exception is that strngs (instrment or others) of any tye are permitted. Scale Wind Instrent . iv. iii. to help teams select music and to improve their overall score they may wish to include notes within the maximum allowable scoring range. All music must be written in the appropriate clef for each of the instrments as stated in the chart below.. v. The piece wil be played as a duet including melody and harmony. Part 2: 1.soinc. a required melody and a chosen melody with each. the lines of music included below. . No electrc or electronic devices. Each team member must play the required scale as given in the following chart and wil be evaluated on range. $~WC1 . variety. books. Each instrument must be capable of playing the required lines as written or as transposed into a key adapted to their instrent but staying within the allowable range. \~/ S6~ÀD n. tuning pegs. and workmanship through an interview process. Members wil be asked to play any note from the required scale which will be judged for accuracy. mouthpieces. Corresponding frequencies for each note below have been rounded to the nearest whole number. ii.Instrment 2 Mandatory Scale C major (C4 (262 Hz) to C5 (523 Hz)) G major (G2 (98 Hz) to G3 (196 Hz)) Allowable Scoring Range F3 (175 Hz) to GS (784 Hz) C2 (65 Hz) to D4 (294 Hz) Music submitted in Treble Clef Bass Clef ~ ~~'"~~~ .~~ (10~. Students must supply their own harmony. Students wil be given a maximum of 4 minutes to play both the required duet and the chosen duet. etc. All instrments must be able to go through a standard classroom door (80 cm wide).o~o 0(10)~~ ~W~ Q)W WN"'(i~~W ~OO' ~-W~~ "'(1~~~ as they apply to every event. calculators. . However."'W~ ~~ ~æm O'N "'WA m~ "'a. Notes. prepare to describe the principles behind their operation and be able to perform a major scale. Part 1: 1. THE COMPETITION: a.Instrent i Percussion Instrent. v. n.0' ~~w~ C1~ N~~ . reeds or reed blocks. OAW ~ ~ ~~~~~&m mæ~~N~~O ~m~~~~ ~AAAW~~ ~ ~Ñ WA ~~~ ~~~~~~~ê~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ N ~ ~ ~~~$~ W$$~~~ õ ~~w~~~~~~~~ff~~ ~ ~~~~~æ~~~~~~~~~~~~ g~a~e~~g~g~ s S~ g~~ ~ ~ ~ g8~ ~ ~~~gQ~~~~~~g~m~~~oo~oyoæOQ~C _ Inst 2 Alloabe Range ~~ 9 ~ ~ ~ 9 ~ ~ 2 2~~ 2 ~ ~ 8 8 ~ ~ 8 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 2t~ ggm~£~m~g~~~~g9~~~ S ~~~ z ~ b. rosin.. @201l-C22 . Teams must provide a score of all music (both chosen and required) to be performed and submit it in notated form at the beginning of their presentation. wil not be allowed for any portion of the judging. b. 3. audio-oscillators. DESCRIPTION: Prior to the competition each team will build one wind instrument and one percussion instrument based on a i 2 tone tempered scale. The team will then perform. Copies of this rules page wi not be accepted. All energy put into the instruments must originate from the students. pitch.

4. r IUr_ 7 4ti . interpretation of music. Judges must have knowledge of both music and the physics of sound.) _ Points (15) f. Originality/creativity (traditionaVunusual) _Points (5) ii. Sound quality (compared to standard instrments #1) _ Points (5) iii.. variety. Workmanship (appearance. and harmonics. blend. ~ \~s~tJJ. n. How does it make a sound? What determines the pitch? How is volume changed?). Part 3: 1.a~/ SCIENCE OLYMPIA SOUNDS OF MUSIC (CONT. c. with approximately 3 to 6 pre-selected questions adaptable to various instrments. Bonus Points: Each of the following wil receive the specified bonus points. Students may substitute a G for the D that is wrtten with no penalty. The students wil be asked to describe the scientific principles used in the design and construction of their instrents (e. suitability of tune for instrents. Demonstrated range _ octaves (for instruent #1) _ notes _ Points (6) ii. i. Creativity. Teams that play all music in the correct range _Points (4) v. musical sound perception. Appropriate tyes of instrments used _Points (5) @2011-C23 . Teams that use only allowed materials in building and playing _Points (4) Required Song Shenandoah ~r' r ttør'. Group Performance for the chosen song (15 points) _ Points (15) h. These include the fundamental elements of wave theory. If more than one person is judging. i. c. acoustics.g. Range of notes: quality of sound (22 points) (Judge 1 accuracy and quality and Judge 3 octave) i. etc. Group Performance for the required song (10 points) _ Points (10) ii.. Sound of the ensemble (25 points) (Judge 3) Group Performance points for both required/chosen songs wil be based on harmony. and workmanship of instrments (25 points) (Judge 1) i. technique. easy to play. Teams that follow all of the rules _ Points (16) 11. Il. and related science terms.) Read the General Rules in the manuals and on www.hJê J Ir-Q rJ If n i(. Recommended Resources: All reference and training resources including the Sounds of Music DVD are available on the Offcial Science Olympiad Store or Website at htt://ww. Bernoulli Effect. Also note that for ease of reading the music is wrtten in slightly higher key than either of the given ranges and it is expected that students wil choose a key to match the abilty of their instrents.. d. b. SCORING: a. Students must be able to define or explain basic terminology regarding sound. This wil be done as an oral interview and/or with a wrtten set of as they apply to every event.rm Note that the first note of the song is below the required octave. Demonstrated range _ octaves (for instrment #2) _ notes _ Points (6) iv.soinc. sound production. rhythm. Teams that wrte their music in the correct clefs and correctly notated _Points (4) iv. All sections will be added for the total score. Sound quality (compared to standard instrments #2) _ Points (5) e. Knowledge of theoretical basis of instrments (30 points) (Judge 2) _ Points (30) both team members. All scoring must be done by the same set of judges (preferably 2-3). timbre. durability. Includes participation of g. Teams that fuish music for the judges with team name and number _Points (4) 111. each judge will score a separate part of the competition. etc.soinc.

No team wil receive more than one bye in a tourament unless a round is reached with an odd number of participants and all participating teams have already received a bye. 2. k. COMPETITION: b. The combined voltage of all batteries located inside the bot cannot exceed 14. the top two teams from each of have two (2) bonus points added to their score and wil advance to the fmal round. (See at htt://ww.soinc. Teams wil have two minutes to force the opponent from the arena. or other offensive devices. Robots must be controlled by radio remote. 1. teams cannot work on their bots prior to being called for their first bout. Pneumatic devices are not allowed. Any bot damaging or depositing foreign substances on the surace of the ring wil forfeit the match. d. il Ifbots become entangled so that neither bot can move for 10 seconds. as they apply to every event. wheels. If it is the second stalling penalty. double elimnation with random pairings for the fust the preliminary rounds wil round. in which case the second bye wil be issued on a random basis. e. no fuel or combustion engine designs wil be allowed. Impounded batteries are restricted to the batteries that ru the bot and spares for ruing the bot. @2011-C24 . Event supervisors may require teams to submit the 3 frequencies their bot can use prior to the competition. If the cause of the interference cannot be determined. 1. g. 3. 1. When a round of the double-elimination tourament has an odd number of teams. the clock will be stopped. e. then the lighter of the two wil be declared the victor. The weight of the remote is excluded. After impound. No recharging facilities wil be provided by the event supervisor. If a part falls off durg the competition. competition time. If any judge determnes that a bot is taking a defensive postue or is backing away continually for 15 seconds. f. h. flames. J. 1. the judges will stop the clock. The ring wil be a five foot by five foot square with designated starting points in opposite comers. different body. and magnets. Modified means something has been altered on the car (eg. no cords or wires will be permitted. Bots wil start facing each other in opposite comers of the square. DESCRIPTION: Students wil design and constrct a robot (bot) that wil attempt to move an opponent's robot from a ring.4 volts. The bot must be able to operate on three frequencies.) c. Any bot not ready to compete within 90 (or 90 + 30 seconds) of being called wil forfeit the match. one team wil be randomly selected to receive a bye. d. the team may ask to change their frequency. Remote control cars may be used if the car is modified. the team wil receive a 15 second penalty and competition wil resume where it left off. If frequency needs to be changed. J. Ifpreliminary rounds are necessary. and competition wil resume. CONSTRUCTION OVERVIEW: b. The maximum weight of the bot is 2.soinc. The robot's maximum dimensions will be 40 cm long by 40 cm wide by 40 cm high at any time during the competition. teams wil be given an additional 30 seconds in prep time. c. A judge may call time if either of the bots is obviously experiencing radio interference.~ ~~I) SUMO BOTS Read the General Rules in the manuals and on www. piece( s) removed. Robots must be powered by electricity. Competition wil proceed in tourament fashion. teams wil have a maximum of90 seconds to prepare their bot. A bye does not count as either a win or a for details). the team wil forfeit the match. g. and the competition wil continue. or additions like scoops. The robot may have devices to remove the opponent from the square except any projectiles tethered or untethered. Teams must include the school name on the bot. sharp objects. time wil be called and that team wil receive a stalling penalty.0 kg. Once called to compete. If no robot has been declared a winner at the end of the two minutes. A TEAM OF UP TO: 2 IMPOUND: Yes APPROXIMATE TIME: 2 min. f. If this is the team's first stalling penalty of the match. n. ars. the teams wil place their bot at the ring's start position. including batteries.

If more than one team fails to meet construction specs. s. 2) If a judge determines that a bot is leaving the ring as a stallng tactic. q. The team defeated by the wining team in the last bout of the tournament will be awarded second place. All other teams wil be ranked by each team's number of wins. m and n. o. If a robot is damaged during competition. Any team that continues to operate their bot after time has been called wil forfeit the match. Teams who fail to follow the rules wil be ranked behind all those who did. Any team that deliberately attempts to do physical damage to an opponent's bot wil be disqualified.) Read the General Rules in the manuals and on www. Teams that do not follow the rules and cannot compete against any similar teams wil be ranked by their mass. there wil be no time outs allowed until the match is over. Ties wil be broken by: 1) the total of their losing times divided by the mass of the bot (high score wins). once the match has started. Recommended Resources: All reference and training resources including the Sumo Bots DVD are available on the Official Science Olympiad Store or Website at htt://ww.soinc. r. teams may be required to change their competition time to compete against other teams). these teams may compete against each other to determine their ran (if preliminary hours are used. Note: no appeals may be filed once the team has removed the bot from impound. If the bot outside of the ring cannot re-enter within five seconds it forfeits the match. f. p. Any bot that is determed by the event supervisor to be unsafe shall be disqualified. Definition of "out of ring:" A bot is declared the winner when the other bot is completely out of the as they apply to every event. the lighter of the two bots wil be declared the victor. Note: I) any bot inside the ring may attempt to prevent reentry of the bot outside ofthe @2011-C25 d) . stallng penalties wil be enforced. 4. SCORING: b.soinc. Bots that do not meet specs cannot compete against bots that meet specs. Except as described in sections 3. Final rankngs wil be determined as follows: the team that wins the tourament wil be awarded first place. Any bot inadvertently leaving the ring under its own power must re-enter the ring withi five seconds. d. c. the students may make repairs to the bot between matches. k. If both bots are outside of the ring (due to driver error) for five seconds. e. ~ sa~~AD SUMO BOTS (CONT. Students may take their bot with them when they are eliminated from the tourament. 1. 2) the mass of the robots (lower mass wins).

e. pH. teams wil be required to utilize probes at one or more stations. Points wil be deducted for failure to express values in the proper unts and the incorrect use of signficant figues. the event supervisor wil provide them.soinc. The students are required to apply scientific theories and principles in the solution of the problems presented. as they apply to every event. Tiebreakers wil be problems selected in advance of the competition by the event supervisor. THE COMPETITION: a. 4. No other resources are allowed. All data collected and equations used must be shown in an organized manner on the answer sheet. SCORING: Problems may have different point values depending upon the diffculty of the problem. Points wil be awarded for the correct answers and/or the use of proper mathematical relationships. light. Students wil make measurements and determine specific values. the tiebreakers wil be the same for all groups. d. formulas or constants. 3. The solution to some of the problems may be arrved at by using an indirect method of obtaing the necessary data. gas pressure. The event supervisor wil provide a list of mathematical relationship. DESCRIPTION: Teams wil be required to gather and process data to solve a given problem. THIS EVENT IS SPONSORED BY TEXAS INSTRUMENTS @2011-C26 . 1. Supervisors are encouraged to use calculators and probes wherever possible or provide students with data sets collected by such sensors/probes following a data collection demonstration. and demonstrated by the Supervisor. At the State level. Students wil be expected to apply the proper statistical analysis. Intermediate measurements and calculations may be required. EVENT PARETERS: Students may brig only non-programmable and non-graphing calculators. Students may be asked to collect data to solve a problem using probeware that has been provided. set up. Students must bring and use chemical/splash protection goggles where required. voltage. The students are expected to use mathematical expressions that are required for the values and the correct equation for basic relationships. Students wil be required to use correct metrc units throughout calculations and to work with signficant figures. b. photo-gate. The event wil consist of up to five lab stations and use materials commonly found in a high school laboratory. Various probes wil be utilized at two or more stations at the National Tourament. Probes wil be limited to the measurement of temperatue. A TEAM OF UP TO: 2 EYE PROTECTION: #4 APPROXIMATE TIME: 50 minutes 2.~ TECHNICAL PROBLEM SOLVING SQ~PIA ~/ Read the General Rules in the manuals and on www. If the event is held over a series of time periods. Where a station requires a more advanced calculator. or motion detector at the state leveL. probes or other lab equipment. No points wil be awarded for answers that are not supported by data and calculations.

4. The loading point on the tower must permt placement of a loading block supporting a chain (see 4. low-frction sudace.0 cm x:: 2. The test base shall be a solid. iii.~ S~~I¥ TOWERS Read the General Rules in the manuals and on www. built prior to the competition. Team members must wear eye protection durg the set-up and testing of the tower. (Ç2011-C27 .). paper. c. b.). Wood may be laminated without restriction by the team.0 cm wide. EVENT PARAETERS: as they apply to every evenL 1.b. Any tye of commercially available bonding material (glue) may be used. J. Each team may enter only one tower. level sudace as follows: i. The test base must have a 20. wood composites. b. b. h. testing apparatus. The Event Supervisor provides the assessment devices. 1. Other materials must not be used (e.0 em above the test base for Division B. free-flowing material (referred to subsequently as "sand"). There is no maximum tower height. must pass through an 8. no particleboard.) a minimum of 50.0 cm above the test base in both Division B and Division C.0 cm high with a hole in the center of the square faces for a W' threaded rod or eyebolt. and clean. g. 8 em hole d. The tower must span a 20.5 cm of the center of the test base opening when the bucket is attached. The test base must have a smooth.0 cm square opening at its center. 3. The portion of the tower more than 30. The tower must be constructed of wood and ::=32 cm bonded by glue. or commercially laminated wood).0 cm x 20.0 cm long x 32. The tower must support a standard loading block (see 4.a. DESCRIPTION: Team members design and build the most effcient tower. The tower must not be braced against any edge Above here of the test base for lateral support at any time. No device must portion of the tower is allowed to extend below pass through the top surface of the test base prior to testing.g.0 cm x 5. bamboo. c. The chain must pass through the tower and be within 2. e. The test base must be at least 32.).d. TESTING APPARATUS: a. hardware. A TEAM OF UP TO: 2 IMPOUND: NO EYE PROTECTION: #2 MAXIMUM TIME: 10 minutes 2. The test base must be stiff enough that it does not bend noticeably when loaded. The tower must be a single strctue with no separate or detachable pieces.soinc. CONSTRUCTION PARATERS: a.0 em diameter circular opening or hole (see 4.0 em above the test base for Division C.0 cm x 20.0 cm Loading Block opening on a test base (see 4. ii. hard. There are no limits on the cross section sizes of individual pieces of wood. or more ?' 50 cm than 15. The loading block must be a square block measurng 5. dry sand or similar dr.c. f.

Team members must place the tower on the test base. SCORIG: a.01 g. f.000 kg.) Read the General Rules in the manuals and on www. 5. iii.001 kg. the tower must not be adjusted. was added after @2011-C28 . in grams to the nearest 0. h. eyebolt and chain. d. cannot accommodate loading block. Tier 1: Towers meeting all the Constrction Parameters are to be ranked by highest score. Team members must add sand to the bucket during testing. Ties are broken by the lightest tower mass. repairs. The head of the eyebolt must be at least 5. e. Team members must not make alterations. ii. ii. Load supported is in kiograms to the nearest as they apply to every event. Team members may adjust the tower until they sta loading sand. Towers must be scored and ranked as defined by the following equation: i. i. b. and hang the bucket from the chain as required to test the tower. and attching hardware is between 15.. Tiers: i. Tier 2: Towers not meeting Constrction Parameters are to be ranked by highest Score. mass of the tower is in grams to the nearest 0. A Y4" threaded eyebolt must be suspended from the loading block. Pending no arbitration teams may take their towers with them after testing.g. d. chain. Team members must place their tower on the scale for the Event Supervisor to determne the mass. Load scored shall not exceed 15. d. Once loading of sand has begu. g. Once teams enter the event area to compete. Score = (Load Supportedil(Mass of Tower). Tier 3: Towers unable to be loaded for any reason (e. and includes the mass of all testing apparatus supported by the tower. c. THE COMPETITION: a. or substitutions to the tower after check-in for competition. Failure is defined as the inability of the tower to support an additional load. The Event Supervisor may remove any sand which. materials. c.000 kg and 15. c.200 kg prior to testing.Ut~/ TOWERS (CONT. Team members have a maximum of ten minutes to set up and test their towers either to the maximum load or failure. in his or her judgment. A five-gallon plastic bucket must be suspended from the chain by means of one or more hooks with enough clearance above the floor to allow for tower deflection. b. The load held must be measured in kilograms to the nearest gram. Loading must stop imediately when failure occurs. The Event Supervisor must verify that the combined mass of the loading block. or communication until they are finished competing.0 cm diameter hole. bucket. The head of the eyebolt and the chain must fit through a 3. ~ SCIENCEoL'YMPIA \~S~~:1. Recommended Resources: All reference and traing resources including the Towers DVD are available on the Offcial Science Olympiad Store or Website at htt://ww.soinc. e. failure to wear eye protection. chain. 6.) are ranked by lowest mass.soinc. All towers must be assessed prior to testing for compliance with Constrction Parameters. etc.01 g. sand. they must not leave or receive outside assistance. assemble the loading block. The least amount of load to be scored shall be the mass of the loading block.0 cm from the loading block.

the value of the load resistance must be between 5 and 7. CONSTRUCTION: -t.) e. d. b. Students wil also be tested on their knowledge regarding alternative energy. The motor/generator must be removed from the CD player and mounted on a support rod.. the fanes) ii.soinc. rulers. Consult ww. and any other similar tools may also be used during the set up and activity... All reference materials to be used durng Part II of the competition must be secured in a 3-ring binder. which will be used to capture wind power. When mounted no part of the blade assembly may extend behind the mounting plane of the CD for a radial distance of 3 em. protractors. clamp(s) (to allow teams to orient the mount to any angle with reference to the fan) iv. but they need not be impounded. The CD must fit on the mount found in a standard CD player.. Each team may bring one pre-constrcted blade assembly attached to a CD. load resistor(s) (in parallel with the motor/generators.. ~ \~~/ SCIENCE OLYMPIA no WIND POWER Read the General Rules in the manuals and on www. pens. including: i. @2011-C29 . The load resistance value must be the same for all contestants. There is no limit on how far forward the blade assembly may extend.soinc. f.) vi. Beyond a radial distance of 3 em the blade assembly must not extend more than 2 em behind the mounting plane of the CD.. Team members must bring and wear Safety Spectacles with Side Shields during Part I of the event. This is to ensure clearance with the motor/generator. TIME: 50 minutes 2. Blade assemblies must be placed in a box (assemblies and box must be labeled with the team #) and must be impounded. Commercial blades Front (modified or unodified) are not permtted. support stand(s) (which allows for vertical and horizontal adjustments of the blade assembly) iii.. c. The blade assembly may be made of any nonmetallc substance. which wil be the same for all teams. The supervisor will provide a 20" multispeed box fan to be used as the wind source for testing the blade assemblies and all testing materials. Modification of the CD (except for the center hole) is allowed. Teams may not know any details of the materials listed above unti after impound is complete. clamp and support stand. a.5 ohms.. ' A TEAM OF UP TO: 2 EYE PROTECTION: #2 IMPOUND: Yes for a sample setup. must be 3-hole punched and inserted in the binder so that regardless of orientation none can fall out. 6cm 2cmMax g.. The motor/generator must be equipped with a spring-loaded type CD clip mount such as those found on portable battery powered CD players. When mounted. no part of the blade assembly may have a radial distance from the center of the axis of rotation of more than 14 as they apply to every evenL 1. Edge !Min +¡ View -¡ 3. DESCRIPTION: Teams wil build a blade assembly that consists of any kind of propeller/pinwheel/rotor attached to a compact disc (CD). EVENT PARAETERS: a. b. nonprogrammable calculators. Materials such as pencils. computer probe(s) (to record voltage measurements across the load resistor. motor/generator(s) (a portable CD player motor wil be used at Nationals) v. View c.

General information about energy conservation practices including: recycling. If a computer recording is not available. they must tell the event supervisor who will then start the fan and/or begin the data collection and storage of the voltage across the load resistance durng a one-miute time as they apply to every event. 5. d. effciency. If only one station is used. The power output of the blade assembly is calculated using the equation below (If the Mean Voltage is not available. Teams whose devices meet all specifications wi be ranked. There may be one or two test stations. then the maximum voltage occurring during the one minute period is recorded. SCORING: a. all contestants must use both stations. At the request of the students.) \~S~i~/ Read the General Rules in the manuals and on www. Teams wil be ranked in tiers based upon: i. wind. d. 4. temperature. When both a high speed and a low speed test station are used. reusing. THE COMPETITION: Part I: a. Teams wil be given a set amount of time (20-30 minutes is suggested) to complete a wrtten test. A computer should be used to record and store voltage data. n. hydroelectrc. c. Basic information and definitions about energy. c. the load resistances may not be exactly the same value. heat and heat transfer including: the concepts of heat. convection. Teams who missed impound wil be ranked in Tier 3 g. iii. If there are two. iv. temperatue scales. tidal. and heat transfer calculations. The following topics may be included: i. General information about renewable energy including: solar. Teams must complete set-up and testing in no more than 4 minutes at each testing station. The raw score for Part I is the sum of the low speed Power + high speed Power. The team may give their blade assembly a single tap to start it spinning once the testing phase has begun. power. e. Teams must mount their blade assemblies to the motor/generator and position/orient them. Ties wil be broken 1st by the highest high speed mean voltage and 2nd by the highest low speed mean voltage. The fanes) must be mounted in a fixed position with the bottom of the gril at least 15 cm above the table. thermal energy. When the students are ready. intensity (power per area). i. ii. and using materials with greater effciency. the score at that speed wil be zero. set-up and testing for both runs must be completed in no more than 8 minutes. g. radiation and insulation.soinc. but not during the testing. The Part II wrtten test wil be worth a total of 50 points. ocean thermal energy conversion. A team's final score wil be determined as follows (with highest score wining): Final score = 50 x (Part I raw score / Highest Part I raw score of all teams) + Part IT score f. specific heat. then use the Maximum Voltage): Power = (Mean Voltage)2 / load resistance b. Recommended Resources: All reference and training resources including the Wind Power DVD are available on the Offcial Science Olympiad Store or Website at htt://ww. e. If the device fails durg a run or stops turning for a period of 15 seconds. work. b. h. Part II: j. the event supervisors may turn on or off the fan during the set-up to assist the students in positioning and/or orientating their blade assembly. conduction. Mathematical relationships and equations used in determning heat loss and heat gain. power. and geothermaL. by score. f. however. Teams whose devices do not meet specifcations listed in section 3 wi be ranked in Tier @2011-C30 . one wi be used to test at higher wind speed and one will be used to test at lower wind speed. ~ WIND SCIENCEOL YMPIA POWER (CONT. The teams may modify the blade assembly during the set-up. iii.soinc. in Tier 1. k. The blade assembly may be oriented and placed in any position or angle in front of the fan.

d. unlabeled abbreviations or improper use of editig symbols or codes). The student has twenty-five (25) minutes to write a description of the object and how to build it. push pins. etc. No penalty wil be assessed for parts that were not used.C31 d . Tinker Toys. inexpensive materials (e. c. words and single letters may be used. ~ \~sàijJtt~/ SCIENCE OLYMPIA WRITE IT DO IT Read the General Rules in the manuals and on www. Lincoln Logs.5 = 50-(7(50x. d. and then the other student wil attempt to construct the object from this description.soinc. The supervisor of the event wil pass the description to the remaining team member who wil take the description and attempt to recreate (build) the original object in twenty (20) minutes. but not limited to. Scoring Example: If a team has seven infractions and the total possible score is as they apply to every evenL ~ 1. but all communicate extensively with others. K'nex. then the team score would be 46. Scoring Violations: Use of diagrams or drawings wil result in disqualification.). Pieces that are connected correctly beyond the incorrect connection will be counted in the score. such items as science materials. National Science Education Standard: Content Standard G: Science as a human endeavor "Some scientists work in teams and some work alone. No prepared abbreviations on labels will be permtted.g.soinc. paper cups. drawings and diagrams are not allowed. Popsicle sticks. Styrofoam balls. A student is shown an object (which may be abstract and is the same for all teams) built @2011. straws.soinc. e. Symbols.) or commercial sets (e. Lego. DESCRIPTION: One student will write a description of an object and how to build it. Resources: All reference and trainig resources are available on the Offcial Science Olympiad Store and Website at htt://ww.g.Ol)). 3. These must be used in their normal context and not as symbols to form a key/code. THE COMPETITION: a. b. Googoplex.g. Time for the constrction phase wil be used asa tiebreaker. Points wil be given for each piece of material placed in the proper connection and location compared to the modeL. SCORIG: a.. The team that builds the object nearest to the original and has properly wrtten instrctions is declared the winner. Supervisors will attempt to use different materials than the materials that were used last year. Only numerals. Printable punctuation marks/editing symbols that can be produced on a PC standard 101 key keyboard by pressing a single key or a single key in combination with the shift key may be used. All abbreviations (not symbols) must be defined either at the beginning or when the abbreviation is first for references to all other event content standards from the National Science Education Standards. c. There wil be no advantage to finishing early. etc. b. A TEAM OF: 2 APPROXIMATE TIME: 55 Minutes 2. with the exception of common punctuation and editing symbols. A one percent (1 %) penalty wi be assessed for each minor infraction (e." Please see the Website at htt://ww.

communicate with outside resources. phones. they must not: leave until they are finished.. Event supervisors are obligated to prevent unsafe acts and devices. 4. Safety is of the utmost importnce. 7. wireless devices. Any person designated by the coach can impound devices unless stated otherwise in the rules. at the supervisor's or tourament offcial's discretion. Teams may only bring items that are specified in the rules. 3. Tentative 2011 Division C National Schedule 1-10 11-20 21-30 31-40 41-50 51-60 11-20 21-30 31-40 41-50 51-60 1-10 21-30 31-40 41-50 51-60 1-10 11-20 31-40 41-50 51-60 1-10 11-20 21-30 41-50 51-60 1-10 11-20 21-30 31-40 51-60 1-10 11-20 21-30 31-40 41-50 1-10 11-20 21-30 31-40 41-50 51-60 11-20 21-30 31-40 41-50 51-60 1-10 21-30 31-40 41-50 51-60 1-10 11-20 31-40 41-50 51-60 1-10 11-20 21-30 41-50 51-60 1-10 11-20 21-30 31-40 51-60 1-10 11-20 21-30 31-40 41-50 1-10 11-20 21-30 31-40 41-50. The goal of competition is to give one's best effort while displaying honesty. retu once they have left. and other adults are responsible for ensuring that any applicable laws. Therefore: 1. teachers. All non-permitted electronic devices must be turned off and if so directed. Safety decisions are not subject to appeaL. the entire tournament or future tournaments. and guests are expected to follow current Science Olympiad Rules. 51-60 11-20 21-30 31-40 41-50 51-60 1-10 21-30 31-40 41-50 51-60 1-10 11-20 31-40 41-50 51-60 1-10 11-20 21-30 41-50 51-60 1-10 11-20 21-30 31-40 @2011-C32 .~ S~~4i GENERAL RULES Read the General Rules in the manuals and on www. or guest of the team may result in penalty points being assessed or disqualification of the team from the event. parents. Teams may not interpret the rules so that they have an unfair advantage over the rules or another team. parents. Contestants must not bring harmfu items to a tournament. removed from the event at that point. 2. it is generally understood that if notes. etc. coach. as they apply to every event. Our collective example wil promote the spirit of cooperation among all participants. CODE OF ETHICS AND SPIRIT OF THE PROBLEM Students. regulations. or disqualified. by any means (this effectively excludes the use of any computer. Students should not risk being penalized for safety violations such as activating devices or removing goggles without supervisor permission. 9. integrity. Depending upon the level of an infraction. 5. and school policies are not broken. calculators. One or more of the l5 current team members must have constructed all pre-built devices presented for judging. Any of the current team members may demonstrate or operate the device at the competition unless stated otherwise in the rules. places. coaches. actions. are not excluded. etc. GENERAL RULES. PDA. calculators. etc. a student or team may be penalized. then they are permitted unless they violate the spirit of the problem. students. Failure to show honesty or courtesy by a participant. Once teams have entered the event area to compete.soinc. and sportsmanship. All are expected to display couresy and respect toward one another. that have access to external communication or data retrieval during an event unless specifically permitted). Unless otherwise stated. and not violate the spirit of the problem. including people. resources. event supervisors. left in a designated spot. Coaches. 6.