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and should be transplants. or standard trees depending on the initial effect required of the planting. they thrive in particularly harsh local conditions and they are more likely to survive and flourish than most introduced species SITES FOR TREE AND SHRUB PLANTING Before planting trees consideration must be given to whether they will be assets or liabilities when mature. This particularly applies to planting in rural areas. Generally all trees should be bare rooted or rootballed. Many species of birds require the habitat created by planting groups of trees and shrubs together as they are not able to take full advantage of individual specimens. It has long been recognised that native trees and shrubs are the most valuable because they support a much greater variety of animals and plants than introduced species. A wide variety of situations can be suitable for tree planting for example Awkward arable field corners Wide roadside verges (subject to approval from the Highway Authority) Screen planting around farm buildings Supplementing small copses. except during frosty weather. INTRODUCTION Tree and shrub planting is of greatest benefit to wildlife if it is done in groups or belts rather than individually scattered over a wide area. woodland Reinforcing existing hedgerows (particularly where those that have been infected with dutch elm disease) Shelterbelts Steep slopes and banks River and stream valleys Areas of poor soil School grounds Parks and Public Open Space PLANTING Trees and shrubs may be planted at any time during the dormant season (November to March). feathered whips. 1 . The use of containerised plants is only advocated where planting out of season is unavoidable. PLANTING NATIVE TREES AND SHRUBS The best species to plant are the ones which occur naturally in the locality and therefore suited to the local conditions.

DOUBLE STAGGERED ROW Plants should be 450mm (18”) transplants. When the new hedge is establishing itself protect it from stock with fencing. In order to reduce competition from weed and grass growth it is advisable to spray or rotovate the hedgeline prior to planting. Planting should be undertaken from November to March in weed-free soil. often made from the soil when the adjacent ditch was dug. and mulched after planting to keep down competition. NATIVE HEDGEROW PLANTING PATTERN . In recent years many hedgerows in the district have been lost due to changes in agricultural practice and Dutch elm disease. NATIVE HEDGEROW PLANTING Native hedgerows are an important element of the Sedgemoor landscape. A good stockproof hedge provides a better boundary than a fence and will have a positive benefit as a habitat for wildlife. 300mm (12”) 300mm (12”) SPECIES FOR NATIVE HEDGEROWS Hawthorn Blackthorn Wayfaring Tree Crataegus monogyna Prunus spinosa Viburnum lantana Field Maple Spindle Guelder Rose Acer campestre Euonymus europaeus Viburnum opulus Hazel Dogwood Privet Corylus avellana Cornus sanguinea Ligustrum vulgare 2 . Plant five shrubs of the same species in a staggered row per linear metre Mulch the base of the hedge after planting to keep the moisture in the soil and reduce weed competition. planted in a double-staggered row 300mm (12”) apart in groups of five of the same species. PLANTING AND ESTABLISHMENT Hedging plants should be small bushy transplants (450mm or 18”). using native species that are indigenous to the local area. The simplest form of hedge is a line of bushy plants planted on a bank.

NATIVE TREES AND SHRUBS TREES TREES Alder Holm Oak Alnus glutinosa Quercus ilex Ash Hornbeam Fraxinus excelsior Carpinus betulus Aspen Large-leaved Lime Populus tremula Tilia platyphyllos Beech Mountain Ash Fagus sylvatica Sorbus aucuparia Bird Cherry Scots Pine Prunus padus Pinus sylvestris Black Poplar Sessile Oak Populus nigra Quercus petraea Common Lime Silver Birch Tilia x europaea Betula pendula Common Oak Small-leaved Lime Quercus robur Tilia cordata Crab-apple Swedish Whitebeam Malus sylvestris Sorbus intermedia Crack Willow Sweet Chestnut Salix fragilis Castanea sativa Downy Birch Sycamore Betula pubescens Acer pseudoplatanus English Elm True Service Tree Ulmus procera Sorbus domestica Field Maple Walnut Acer campestre Juglans regia Grey Poplar Whitebeam Populus x canescens Sorbus aria Horse Chestnut White Poplar Aesculus hippocastanum Populus alba 3 .

NATIVE TREES AND SHRUBS TREES White Willow Salix alba Wild Cherry Prunus avium Wild Service Tree Sorbus torminalis Wych Elm Ulmus glabra Yew Taxus baccata SHRUBS SHRUBS Alder Buckthorn Hawthorn Frangula alnus Crataegus monogyna Blackthorn Hazel Prunus spinosa Corylus avellana Broom Holly Cytisus scoparius Ilex aquifolium Butchers Broom Osier Ruscus aculeatus Salix viminalis Dogwood Privet Cornus sanguinea Ligustrum vulgare Elder Purging Buckthorn Sambucus nigra Rhamnus catharticus Goat Willow Spindle Salix caprea Euonymus europaeus Guelder Rose Wayfaring Tree Viburnum opulus Viburnum lantana 4 .

tel: 01278 435234 The Somerset Landscape Scheme is aimed at conserving and restoring the best features of the Somerset Landscape and the creation of new traditional features which will be attractive or have wildlife 5 . Tel: 01823 355617. please contact Carol Ensor.sedgemoor. mulching cuts down the cost of weed control and a suitable granular herbicide might be applied to all areas after planting. MAINTENANCE Trees and shrubs require maintenance. Taunton. The scheme includes planting of native trees. shrubs and hedgerows and is administered by the Countryside Services Group. GRANTS Sedgemoor District Council offer small grants – up to £500 for planting native trees and shrubs. To ensure weed growth is adequately controlled the bases of trees and shrubs in grass areas should always be kept clear for at least half a metre from around the plant. FURTHER INFORMATION Somerset County Council publications. Environment and Property Department. usually as long as five years after planting. It is important that all planted areas are kept weed free until they become established. Bridgwater TA6 3AR Tel: 01278 435435 www. Grants for planting Native Species Tree Nurseries and Contractors Restoring Somerset Hedgerows Hedgerow Tree Grants SEDGEMOOR DISTRICT COUNCIL Bridgwater King Square. For further information. County Hall. Weeding is necessary in the first few years in order to prevent young trees and shrubs being smothered and to reduce competition for water and nutrients.