7 Most Fascinating Underwater Ruins

Published on 6/3/2009 under Cool Places - by Gracie Murano - 183,869 views

Cleopatra's Palace in Alexandria (Egypt)

Off the shores of Alexandria, the city of Alexander the Great, lies what is believed to be the ruins of the royal quarters of Cleopatra. A team of marine archaeologists led by Frenchman Franck Goddio made excavations on this ancient city from where Cleopatra, the last queen of the Ptolemies, ruled Egypt. Historians believe this site was submerged by earthquakes and tidal waves more than 1,600 years ago. The excavations concentrated on the submerged island of Antirhodus. Cleopatra is said to have had a palace there. Other discoveries include a well-preserved shipwreck and red granite columns with Greek inscriptions. Two statues were also found and were lifted out of the harbour. One was a priest of the goddess Isis; the other a sphinx whose face is said to represent Cleopatra's father, King Ptolemy XII. The artifacts were

preserved in the oxygen-depleted underwater . the investigation of Port Royal yielded much more than simply trash and discarded items. the Nautical Archaeology Program of Texas A&M University. at depths ranging from a few inches to 40 feet. organic artifacts were recovered. Once known as the "Wickedest City on Earth" for its sheer concentration of pirates.buildings. began underwater archaeological investigations of the submerged portion of the 17th-century town of Port Royal. A catastrophe that has helped nautical archeologists was the earthquake that destroyed part of the city of Port Royal. prostitutes and rum. streets. and their contents and occupants -. in cooperation with the Institute of Nautical Archaeology (INA) and the Jamaica National Heritage Trust (JNHT). destroying most of the archaeological context. that underwater metropolis encompasses roughly 13 acres.returned to their silent. (Link 1 | Link 2) World's Wickedest City. Hamilton. in a matter of minutes. when. 1692. Port Royal began its watery journey to the Academy Awards of nautical archeology on the morning of June 7. Jamaica. with minimal horizontal disturbance. located some distance from the harbor. because the Egyptian Government says it wants to leave most of them in place to create an underwater museum. An unusually large amount of perishable. a massive earthquake sent nearly 33 acres of the city -. catastrophic events send a ship or its cargo to the bottom. the area investigated by TAMU / INA. Today. sank vertically. in many instances." according to Donny L.careening into Kingston Harbor. Present evidence indicates that while the areas of Port Royal that lay along the edge of the harbor slid and jumbled as they sank. houses. Port Royal (Jamaica) One of the advantages of marine or nautical archeology is that. Port Royal is now famous for another reason: "It is the only sunk city in the New World. Jamaica. freezing a moment in time. In contrast to many archaeological sites. In 1981.

South India. remains of walls. Based on what at first sight appears to be a lion figure at location four. New finds suggest that there may be some truth to the story.environment. scattered square and rectangular stone blocks and a big platform with steps leading to it. the ruins were inferred to be part of a temple complex. (Link 1 | Link 2) The submerged temples of Mahabalipuram (India) According to popular belief. square rock cut remains. at depths of 5 to 7 meters (15 to 21 feet) was made by a joint team from the Dorset based Scientific Exploration Society (SES) and marine archaeologists from India's National Institute of Oceanography (NIO). was known to have constructed many such rock-cut. (Link 1 | Link 2) . The discovery. All these lay amidst the locally occurring geological formations of rocks. six of which had submerged. the underwater excavations of Port Royal have allowed for a detailed reconstruction of everyday life in an English colonial port city of the late 17th century. but the last of a series of seven temples. A major discovery of submerged ruins was made in April of 2002 offshore of Mahabalipuram in Tamil Nadu. The Pallava dynasty. the famous Shore Temple at Mahabalipuram wasn't a single temple. which ruled the region during the 7th century AD. Investigations at each of the locations revealed stone masonry. Together with the vast treasury of complimentary historical documents. structural temples in Mahabalipuram and Kanchipuram. The reasons for the submergence of the ruins are remain unclear.

Its is estimated to be around .8000-year-old Yonaguni-Jima (Japan) Situated 68 miles beyond the east coast of Taiwan. Yonaguni Islands are a remarkable place for its rugged and mountainous coastlines. The special attraction is the submerged ruins located in the southern coast of Yonaguni: a superb 100×50x25 meters man-made artifact out of solid rock slabs stands erect at right angles.

Different theories exist about the possible identities of this structure. Debates were rife about the ruins being associated with the prehistoric Motherland of Civilization. The megalith was discovered quite accidentally by a sport diver in 1995 when he had strayed beyond the permissible limit off the Okinawa shore. this ‘natural phenomenon' idea will appear sheer out of place. (Link | Photo 1 | Photo 2 | Photo 3) Pavlopetri (Greece) . The interesting thing about this massive stone building is that it had arches made of beautifully fitted stone blocks bearing resemblance with the building architectural style of the Inca civilization. other archeologists attribute them to be the outcome of unexplained geological processes. While some say these ruins are the remnants of the missing Continent of Mu. when you see the finely designed hallways and staircases. Surveying the ruins minutely takes time and skill because of the rough oceanic currents. although.8000 years old. which is remarkably early for the kind of technology that has been used for carving it.

courtyards. this site is of rare international archaeological importance. Both these places are connected with legends about the good Krishna and there are many temples here. These two places are 30 km away from each other. Despite its potential international importance no work has been carried out at the site since it was first mapped in 1968 and Dr Henderson has had to get special permission from the Greek government to examine the submerged town. Pavlopetri was presumably once a thriving harbour town where the inhabitants conducted local and long distance trade throughout the Mediterranean — its sandy and well-protected bay would have been ideal for beaching Bronze Age ships. is the first archaeologist to have official access to the site in 40 years. little is known about the workings of the harbour towns of the period as archaeology to date has focused on the better known inland palaces and citadels. This Bronze Age phase of Greece provides the historical setting for much Ancient Greek literature and myth. and Bet Dwarka is in the Gulf of Kutch. the legendary city of Dvaraka was the dwelling place of Lord Krishna. mostly belonging to the medieval period. from The University of Nottingham. including Homer's Age of Heroes. Although Mycenaean power was largely based on their control of the sea.1680-1180 BC). streets. Dwarka is on the Arabian sea coast.The ancient town of Pavlopetri lies in three to four metres of water just off the coast of southern Laconia in Greece. It is imperative that the fragile remains of this town are accurately recorded and preserved before they are lost forever. Excavations have been going on since 1983. . Underwater archaeologist Dr Jon Henderson. It is believed that due to damage and destruction by the sea. (Link) Dwarka Port (India) Among the most exciting archaeological discoveries made in India in recent years are those made off the coast of Dwarka and Bet Dwarka in Gujarat. The ruins date from at least 2800 BC through to intact buildings. chamber tombs and some thirty-seven cist graves which are thought to belong to the Mycenaean period (c. Dvaraka has submerged six times and modern day Dwarka is the 7th such city to be built in the area. According to him. Rated as one of the seven most ancient cities in the country. As such the site offers major new insights into the workings of Mycenaean society.

the highway was rebuilt along a Canadian National Railway right-of-way in the area. . families and businesses in the affected communities were moved to the new planned communities of Long Sault and Ingleside. however. A portion of the provincial Highway 2 in the area was flooded. Another community. was partially submerged as well. Morrisburg.Archaeologists were keen to find out whether there were any older remains off the coast at these places. (Link 1 | Link 2) The Lost Villages (Canada) "The Lost Villages" are ten communities in the Canadian province of Ontario. as many residents of the communities felt that market value compensation was insufficient since the Seaway plan had already depressed property values in the region. The flooding was expected and planned for. In the weeks and months leading up to the inundation. which were permanently submerged by the creation of the St. Lawrence Seaway in 1958. but the area to be flooded was moved to higher ground within the same townsite. but was relocated 1. in the former townships of Cornwall and Osnabruck (now South Stormont) near Cornwall. These negotiations were controversial.5 kilometres north rather than abandoned. The town of Iroquois was also flooded.

on July 1. a large cofferdam was demolished. Lock 21 of the former Cornwall Canal (since replaced by the Saint Lawrence Seaway) is a popular scuba diving site. Some high points of land in the flooded area remained above water as islands. a few remnants of sidewalks and building foundations can still be seen under the water. and are connected by the Long Sault Parkway. Parts of the New York shoreline were flooded by the project as well. In some locations. (Link) . 1958. or even on the shoreline when water levels are sufficiently low.m. but no communities were lost on the American side of the river. all of the former townsites were fully underwater. Four days later.At 8 a. allowing the flooding to begin. a few feet from the shore along the Parkway.

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