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The STS-65SpaceShuttle Mission Reportwasprepared from inputs received fromtheOrbiterProject fficeaswellas other O organizations. Thefollowing ersonnel p maybecontacted should questions riseconceming a thetechnical content f o thisdocument. WilliamH. Arceneaux 713-483-3335 C.A. Snoddy, SFC M 205-544-0391 Francisco Moreno, SC J 713-483-1208 G. P. Buoni, SC J 713-483-0639 F. T. Bums, r.,JSC J 713-483-1262 Orbiterandsubsystems MSFCElements (SRB, RSRM,SSME,ET, SRSS,andMPS Payloads/Experiments DTOsandDSOs FCEandGFE

NSTS 08292

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MISSION REPORT .. ,,,._ Preparedby

LESC/Flight valuation)ffice E _ Approved y b

William Arceneaux H. 'f STS-65LeadMission Evaluation oom R Manager

Camp Manager, light ngineering ffice F E O

D.M.-Germany=_ Manager. rbiterProject O

rewster .Shaw H Director, paceShuttleOperations S Prepared by Lockheed Engineering andSciences Company for Flight ngineering ffice E O ("-_! NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACEADMINISTRATION LYNDON B.JOHNSON SPACECENTER HOUSTON, EXAS77058 T September 994 1



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STS-65 Table of Contents Titl.__ee a_.0.g.e. P 1 3 6 7 7 7 8 8 9 9 10 10 11 11 11 12 12 12 12 13 13 13 14 14 15 15 15 16 16 16 17 17 17 19 20 20 21


INTRODUCTION .......................................... MISSION SUMMARY....................................... PAYLOADS .............................................. LIFE SCIENCES ..................................... Aquatic Animal Experiment Unit Biorack....................................... Biostack ..................................... Extended Duration Orbiter Medical Project ......... Linear Compressor Enhanced Orbiter Refri.qerator/Freezer...................... Slow Rotatinq Centrifuqe Microscope ............. Microqravity Effects on Standardized Coqnitiw Performance Measures .................... Applied Research on Separation Methods .UsinqSpace Electrophoresis ............... Real-Time Radiation Monitorinq Device ............ Spinal Chanqes in Microqravity Thermoelectric Incubator and Cell Culture Kit_...... MATERIALSCIENCE ................................. Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility........... Bubble, Drop and Particle Unit.................... Critical Point Facility............................ Free Flow Electrophoresis Unit Larqe Isothermal Furnace ....................... Quasi-Steady Acceleration Measurement .......... Space AccelerationMeasurement System Electromaqnetic Containerless Processinq Facility... Vibration Isolation Box Experiment System ......... COMMERCIAL PROTEIN CRYSTAL GROWTH ............ ORBITAL ACCELERATION RESEARCH EXPERIMENT SHU'i-rLE AMATEUR RADIO EXPERIMENT ............... MILITARY APPLICATIONS OF SHIP TRACKS.............. AIR FORCE MAUl OPTICAL SYSTEM .................... VEHICLE PERFORMANCE .................................. SOLID ROCKET BOOSTERS ........................... REDESIGNED SOLID ROCKET MOTORS ................. EXTERNAL TANK .................................... SPACE SHUTTLE MAIN ENGINES....................... SHUTTLE RANGE SAFETY SYSTEM..................... ORBITER SUBSYSTEMS...............................

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STS-65 Table of Contents Titl._..ee Main Propulsion System .......................... 21 Reaction Control Subsystem ...................... 23 Orbital Maneuverin,qSubsystem.................... 24 Power Reactant Strora,qeand Distribution Subsystem.. 24 Fuel Cell Powerplant Subsystem.................... 24 Auxiliary Power Unit Subsystem .................... 25 Hydraulics/WaterSpray Boiler Subsystem............ 25 Electrical Power Distribution and Control Subsystem.. .26 Environmental Control and Life Support Subsystem .. 26 Smoke Detection and Fire Suppression Subsystem.... 28 Airlock Support System .......................... 28 Avionics and Software Support System ............. 28 Communications and Trackinq Subsystems ......... 29 Operational Instrumentation/Modular Auxiliary Data System ........................ 30 Structures and Mechanical Subsystems ............. 30 Inteqrated Aerodynamics, Heatinq and Thermal Interfaces. 31 Thermal Control Subsystem ....................... 32 Aerothermodynamics............................. 32 Thermal Protection Subsystem..................... 32 REMOTE MANIPULATOR SYSTEM.............................. 34 FLIGHT CREW EQUIPMENT/GOVERNMENTFURNISHED EQUIPMENT ................................ 35 CARGO INTEGRATION....................................... 36 DEVELOPMENT TEST OBJECTIVE/DETAILEDSUPPLEMENTARY OBJECTIVE. 37 DEVELOPMENT TEST OBJECTIVES ...................... 37 DETAILED SUPPLEMENTARYOBJECTIVES................ 39 PHOTOGRAPHYAND TELEVISION ANALYSIS ................... 42 LAUNCH PHOTOGRAPHYAND VIDEO DATA ANALYSIS...... 42 ON-ORBIT PHOTOGRAPHYAND VIDEO DATA ANALYSIS .... 42 LANDING PHOTOGRAPHYAND VIDEO DATA ANALYSIS ..... 42



List of Tables


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A - DOCUMENT SOURCES.................................. B - ACRONYMS ANDABBREVIATIONS ........................

A-1 B-1



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The STS-65 Space ShuttleProgramMissionReportsummarizesthe Payloadactivities as wellas the Orbiter,ExternalTank (ET), SolidRocketBooster(SRB), Redesigned SolidRocketMotor(RSRM), and the Space Shuttlemainengine(SSME) systems performance duringthe sixty-third flightof the Space ShuttleProgramand the seventeenthflightof the OrbitervehicleColumbia(OV-102). In addition the Orbiter, to the flightvehicleconsistedof an ET thatwas designatedET-64; three SSMEs thatwere designatedas serialnumbers2019, 2030, and2017 in positions1, 2, and 3, respectively; nd two SRBsthat were designatedBI-066. The RSRM'sthatwere a installedin each SRB were designatedas 360P039A forthe left SRB, and 360W039B forthe rightSRB. This STS-65 Space ShuttleProgramMissionReportfulfillsthe Space Shuttle Program requirement s documented NSTS 07700, VolumeVIII, AppendixE. The a in requirementhat is statedin that documentis thateach majororganizational lement t e supporting Programwillreportthe resultsoftheirhardware(andsoftware) the evaluationand missionperformance,,plusidentifyall relatedin-flightanomalies. J

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The primaryobjectiveof thisflightwas to completethe operationof the second International icrogravity M Laboratory(IML-2). The secondaryobjectivesofthisflight were to completethe operations the CommercialProteinCrystal Growth(CPCG),the of OrbitalAccelerationResearchExperiment(OARE),and the ShuttleAmateur Radio Experiment(SAREX) II payloads.Additionalsecondaryobjectives were to meetthe requirements the Air Force Maui OpticalSite (AMOS) and the MilitaryApplicationof of Ship Tracks (MAST) payloads, which were manifested as payloads of opportunity. The STS-65 mission was planned with a 14-day duration plus 2 contingency days, which were available for weather avoidance or Orbiter contingency operations. The sequenceof events for the STS-65 mission is shown in Table I, and the Orbiter Project Office Problem Tracking List is shown in Table I1. The official Government Furnished Equipment (GFE) Problem Tracking List is shown in Table III, and the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Problem Tracking List is shown in Table IV. In addition, the Integration and Payload in-flight anomalies are referenced in applicable sections of the report. AppendixA liststhe sourcesof data, both formaland informal,that were used in the preparation thisreport. AppendixB providesthe definition acronymsand of of abbreviations usedin thisdocument. All timesare givenin Greenwichmean time (G. m. t.) as well as missionelapsedtime (MET).



The seven-personrewforSTS-65consisted f RobertD. Cabana,Col.,U. S. Marine c o Corps, ommander; C JamesD. Halsell, r., Lt.Col.,U. S. AirForce,Pilot;Richard J J. Hieb,Mission Specialist CarlE. Walz,Lt.Col,U. S. Air Force,Mission 1; Specialist 2; Leroy Chiao,Ph.D.,Mission Specialist Donald 3; A.Thomas, h. D., Mission P Specialist 4; and ChiakiMukai,Ph.D., M. D., PayloadSpecialist1. STS-65wasthethirdspace

flight orthe Commander ndMission f a Specialist 1;thesecond spaceflightfor Mission Specialist andthefirstspaceflight 2; forthe Pilot, ission M Specialist Mission 3, Specialist andPayload 4, Specialist Eachcrewmember 1. wasassigned tooneoftwo teamsto provide around-the-clock operations uring d themission. heredteam T consisted f theCommander, o Pilot,Mission Specialist andPayload 1, Specialist 1;and theblueteamconsisted f Mission o Specialist Mission 2, Specialist andMission 3, Specialist 4.





The STS-65mission wassuccessfully launched planned 189:16:43:00.013 .m.t. as at G (12:43 p.m.e.d.t,onJuly8, 1994). Thecountdownroceeded smooth p ina manner withnounplanned olds.Theascent hasewasnominal ndallSpaceShuttle h p a Elements performedatisfactorily. s Noorbital aneuvering m subsystem (OMS)-1 maneuver was required a result fthedirectinsertion as o trajectory flown. Firststageascentperformance wasas expected.SRBseparation, entry,deceleration, andwaterimpact ccurred anticipated. o as BothSRBsweresuccessfully recovered. Performance fthe SSMEs,ET,andmainpropulsion o system (MPS)wasnormal.A determination overall ehicle of v performance wasmadeusing vehicle accelerationnd a preflight propulsionredictionata. Fromthesedata,the average p d flight-derived engine specific impulse (Isp)determined fortheperiod between SRBseparation ndstartof a 3-g acceleration as452.1 seconds, w which isslightly lower thanexpected but satisfactory hencompared w withthepredicted valueof 452.57seconds.SSMEcutoff (MECO)occurred 189:16:51:30.31 .m.t.(510.63seconds at G MET)whenthevehicle reached planned the MECOtarget. The OMS-2 maneuver asperformed 189:17:22:55.2 .m.t.(00:39:55.2 w at G MET). The two-engine firing was 141.3seconds induration andprovided differential a velocity (AV)of221.8ft/sec. The resultant was162.9by 160.3nmi. orbit Atapproximately 189:17:23 G.m.t.(00:40:00 MET),following mainpropulsionystem s (MPS)vacuum inerting,he liquid t hydrogen (LH2) anifold m pressure increasedo t 17 psia. Thisincrease coincided iththeOMS-2maneuver.Onprevious w missions whenvacuum inerting wasperformed manually, thepressure increasedo t approximatelypsia. Thiswasthefirstflight theOI-23software 6 of thatautomatedhe t MPSvacuum inerting procedures. TheOI-23software wasverified haveperformed to as required, andall LH2system responses tothesoftware commands erenominal. w A supply waterdumpwasinitiatedt 192:07:27:20 .m.t.(02:14:44:20 a G MET). At 192:07:59:02 .m.t.(02:15:16:02 ET)(32 minutes G M later),the dump wasprematurely terminated because excessively of lowdump-nozzle temperatures. Dataanalysis concluded thatthesupply waterdumpnozzlehadaccumulated unknownmount f an a o icethatmayalsohaveobstructed thewastewaterdumpnozzle.Thesupply andwaste waterdumpnozzleheaters werecycled toeliminate theicefromthenozzlearea. After thesupply andwastewaterdumpnozzle temperatures indicated icewasnolonger present, successful a wastewaterdump wasinitiated 193:16:49 at G.m.t. (04:00:06 MET). The dumpwascompleted minutes 56 laterwithgoodnozzle temperatures andnosigns ice. Supply of waterdumps wereperformed using theflash evaporator system (FES)forthe remainder theflight. of




At 199:12:36:12.7 (09:19:53:12.7 ET),a transientnertial easurement M i m unit(IMU)1 (S/N204) redundant-rate builtintestequipment (BITE)message wasgenerated when theazimuth gyro's redundant input axismeasured platform a driftrateinexcessof 0.7deg/hr.Additional transientMU 1 redundant-rate I BITEmessages weregenerated afterthe initial ccurrence, o andthe messages wereinhibited ythecrewto prevent b furtheralarms.Initially, thetransient condition didnotsignificantly degrade IMU1 the performance. owever,hecondition radually orsened H t g w andIMU2 wascommanded fromstandby operate to modeat 201:14:29G.m.t.(11:21:46MET)to addredundancy. Onflightday 13,the IMUplatform experienced 0.08degreeshiftduring event a an whichlasted10 minutes, andthe IMUwasdeclared failedfor entryplanning purposes. At 204:03:34G.m.t.(14:10:51MET),IMU 1 wasmoded standby to for13 minutes and back operatein anattempto recover ominal peration to t n o byresettinghe IMUinternal t processor. he IMUcontinued T operating withtheBITEindicationccurringandomly, o r butnoBITIEindications resulting significant ina performance degradation ere w observed afterthe reset. The IMUwasperiodically realigned assure to thanany platform misalignments caused bydrifttransients idnotexceed redundancy d the management (RM)threshold. MU1 performance asdeemed I w acceptableorentry, f andthe IMUwasallowed remain to underRMcontrol during entry. IMU1 performed nominally throughout entry,andnoabnormal peration asnoteduntil3 minutes o w prior to thenormalIMU-1shutdownduring postlanding the operations. Thefirston-orbit huttle S testofthe Second Tracking andDataRelaySatellite (TDRS) Ground Terminal(STGT)wasperformed onorbit183. TheS-bandsuccessfully provided audiocommunications, command uplink, ndtelemetry a downlink. he T Ku-band provided downlinkideofrommultiple v cameras and2 megabit eal-time r data onchannel . The second 2 successful STGTtestwasperformed onorbit211. Some problems ereencountered locking w in ontheKu-band channel signal, utthe lock-on 2 b wascompleted. Theflightcontrol system (FCS)checkout wasperformed 202:07:36:15 at G.m.t. (12:14:53:15 MET)using auxiliary powerunit(APU)1, andalldatawerenominal. Thehydraulic/water sprayboiler performance uring d FCScheckout wasnominal,and nowaterspraying wasrequired because theshortAPU run-time. of The reaction control ubsystem s (RCS)hot-fire testwasperformed 203:05:02 at G.m.t. (13:12:19MET)andallthrusters erefiredtwicewithgoodresults. w The payload baydoors wereclosed forthe first-day landing opportunities theShuttle at Landing Facility (SLF)at Kennedy SpaceCenter(KSC),butthe landing waswaived because rainwithin milesof theSLF. Consequently, of 30 themission wasextended 24 hoursbecause ofthe desire landat KSC. to TwoOMSmaneuvers wereperformed afterthewave-off f thefirstlanding o opportunity. OMS-3was performed 203:12:47:44.1 .m.t.(13:20:04:44.1 ET)andwas at G M 32.1seconds duration in witha AVof51.0 ft/sec.OMS-4wasperformed at




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203:13:32:42.2 G.m.t.(13:20:04:44.1 ET)andwas30.4 seconds duration itha AV M in w of 49.1ft/sec. ThetwoOMSmaneuvers ereperformed obtain w to anadditional end-ofmission (EOM)+ 2 daylanding opportunity Edwards at AirForceBase. This opportunity aslostwhentheplanned w launch timewasmoved up20 minutes to extend launch the window. Alldeorbit reparations p forthelanding opportunities onthesecond daywere completed, andthepayload baydoors wereclosed 204:07:10:05 .m.t. at G (14:14:27:05 MET). The deorbit aneuver m wasinitiated 204:09:40:38.3 at G.m.t. (14:16:57:38.3 ET),andwas 152.8seconds duration M in witha _V of255.3ft/sec. Mainlanding geartouchdown ccurred o atthe SLFonconcrete runway at 33 204:10:38:00 G.m.t.(14:17:55:00 MET)onJuly23, 1994. TheOrbiter ragchutewas d deployed satisfactorily 204:10:38:10 .m.t.,andnoselanding at G geartouchdown occurred seconds 8 afterdragchute deployment wasinitiated. hedragchute T was jettisoned 204:10:38:42.6 at G.m.t.withwheelsstopoccurringt 204:10:39:08 .m.t. a G Therollout asnormalinall respects. heflightduration w T was14 days17 hours 55 minutes seconds, 00 which istherecord-length flightfortheSpaceShuttleProgram.


PAYLOADS ThesecondIntemational Microgravity Laboratory pacelab S mission broughtogether t over200 international scientists from13 countriesndsixspaceagencies a who developed over80 investigations forthe IML-2mission. heagencies T represented werethe European SpaceAgency (ESA),theFrench SpaceAgency (CNES),the German SpaceAgency (DARA), heCanadian t SpaceAgency (CSA),theNational SpaceDevelopment Agency Japan(NASDA), ndtheNational eronautics of a A and SpaceAdministration (NASA).Theareasof science inwhich investigations were performed wereMaterial cience, luidScience, icrogravity S F M Environment and Countermeasure, Bioprocessing, SpaceBiology, Human Physiology, andRadiation Biology. The Spacelab, ontaining 9 separate c 1 experiment facilities, activated was at 189:21:04G.m.t.(00:04:21 MET). Facilities flownforthefirsttimeincluded the Real-Time Radiation Monitoringevice(RRMD); D thePerformance Assessment Workstation (PAWS); theVibration Isolation BoxExperiment Station (VIBES); the Electromagnetic Containerless Processingacility F (TEMPUS);he Bubble, rop,and t D Particle Unit(BDPU);theQuasiSteady Acceleration easurement; M andthe Linear Compressor Enhanced Orbiter Refrigerator/Freezer (LCEOR/F). Carbon dioxide concentration-level requirements weresupported remarkably ellby w augmenting theregenerativearbon c dioxide removal ystem s (RCRS)withlithium hydroxideLiOH)canisters ithrestricters. ( w LiOHcanister hanges c weremadeat 15-hour intervals, andthismaintained theaveragepartialpressure carbon of dioxide at 2.3 mmHgwithpeaksto3.0 mmHg. Initial roblems p withhigh-rate multiplexer (HRM)datathroughput andactivation f the o freeflowelectrophoresis unit(FFEU)wereovercome ysuccessful b in-flight maintenance (IFM)procedures.nspiteof theproblems I thatdelayed FFEU the activation ndprematurelyeactivated a d theApplied Research onSeparation Methods UsingSpaceElectrophoresis (RAMSES) xperiment, e almost ll experiment a objectives weresuccessfully completed. TheSpacelab wasdeactivatedt 203:04:28 a G.m.t.(13:11:45MET)aftera very successful mission.During theinitial ostflight p inspection, loose extinguisher a fire was foundonthefloorinthe Spacelab.Additional inspection revealed thatthe extinguisher wasnotsecured during Spacelab closeout. F_


Aquatic Animal Experiment Unit

The AAEU,whichwasdeveloped bytheNational SpaceDevelopment Agency of Japan,provided environment an forstudies livefishandsmallamphibiansnder of u microgravity conditions. Forthe STS-65mission, fourexperiments wereconducted using theAAEU. Thesewere: a. b. c. d. Mechanism ofVestibular Adaptationf FishunderMicrogravity; o Otoconia: EarlyDevelopment Gravity-Receptor ofa Organin Microgravity; FertilizationndEmbryonic evelopment a D ofJapanese NewtsinSpace; and Mating Behavior f Fish(Medaka) o andDevelopment TheirEggsin Space. of

Extensive datawerecollected onthe animal ravity g sensor response tomicrogravity, spawning ehavior f Medaka b o (guppies), andembryo development bothground- nd of a space-fertilized eggs. Thecrewreported thatat least25 Medaka fryand32 newteggshadhatched.Two newtsdiedduring theflight; owever, h successful IFMprocedures ereperformed w to remove themto prevent ontamination c ofthebabynewts andeggsandpreservehem t for postflight analysis.It isspeculatedhatstress t wasa leading factorforthecauseof death; however, ostflight p analysis illbeconducted determineheactualcause. w to t
The aquarium and fishpackagesoperatednominally forthe majorityof the mission. The crew manuallycalleddownhousekeeping data untilthe HRM channel7 data throughput roblemwas correctedby an IFM procedure.A subsequentIFM procedure p to overcomea lowwater pressureanomalywas successfully executedbyinjecting water intothe aquariumpackage, Biorack


The Biorack,developed bythe European SpaceAgency, nabled e thestudy ofthe effects microgravity of andcosmic radiation nisolated o cells,tissues, acteria, nd b a smallanimals andplants.A totalof 19 experiments fromsevenEuropean countries wasplacedintothe200 separate containers inthisfacilityfor theSTS-65mission.
The experimentswere:

a. AntigenPresentation andT-CellProliferation MicrogravityAntigen); in ( b. Lymphocyte Activation, Differentiation, andAdhesion Dependence n o ActivationAdhesion); ( c. Lymphocyte ovementsndInteractions M a (Motion); d. Effectof Microgravity onCellular ctivation: Roleof Cytokines A The (Phorbol);

e. CellMicroenvironment andMembrane Signal ransduction Microgravity T in (Signal); f. Effect f Stirring o andMixing Bioreactor ina Experiment Microgravity in (Bioraactor); g. Molecular iological B Investigations AnimalMulti-Cell of Aggregates Reconstituted under Microgravity (Aggregate); h. Regulation ofCellGrowth andDifferentiation byMicrogravity: Retinoic AcidInduced CellDifferentiation (Mouse) i. Sea Urchin Larva,a Potential odelforStudying M Biomineralization and Demineralization Processes Space(Urchin); in j. Investigationfthe Mechanisms o Involved inthe Effects SpaceMicrogravity of onDrosophila evelopment, D Behavior ndAging a (Drosophila); k. The Roleof Gravity inthe Establishment Embryonic xesinAmphibian of A Embryo(Eggs); I. Effectof Microgravity onLentil orphogenesis M (Lentil); m. RootOrientation, GrowthRegulation, Adaptation, andAgravitropic Behavior of Genetically ransformed oots(Transform); T R n. PlantGrowth andRandom Walk(Random); o. Efficiency f Radiation o RepaironProkaryotes (Repair); nd a p. Radiation RepairKinetics inEukaryotes (Kinetics). Allexperiment investigations weresuccessful including Drosophila the investigation thatstudied behavior ndaging the a process fruitflies. Thefailure M1 centrifuge of of usedforincubator wasovercome yinstalling makeshift C b a drivebeltoverthedrums of thiscentrifuge andthefunctional M2centrifuge. ther O facilityhardware including a glovebox nda coolerperformed a nominally. owever, uring H d theBiorack power-up, theBiorack powerblower EDdidnotlight,butthe blower anas longasthedoorwas L r closed.Powertotheglovebox ascycled w andnormal perations ererestored. o w



The Biostack (BSK)experiment consisted fthreesealedaluminum o BSKcontainers, which weremounted Spacelab ina rack,andwasa partofa multinational program to determineheimpact high-atomic-number, t of high-energyosmic c radiation particles on lifeinspace. The BSKexperiment usesradiation detectors located between variety a of biological specimenso monitor articles t p entering Spacelab the module. Operations fthe passive, o sealeddetectors sedtostudy u theeffects ofcosmic radiation onbiological samples werenominal.
Extended Duration Orbiter Medical Project

The Extended Duration Orbiter MedicalProject EDOMP)consisted ftwo ( o investigations whichweredesigned protecthehealthandsafetyofthe to t crewmembers during 13-to 16-daymission a inspace.


TheLowerBodyNegative Pressure (LBNP) xperiment e evaluated theeffectiveness of a treatment esigned counteract d to orthostatic intolerance, lightheadedness the some members a crewmayexperience henreturning of w froma 13-to 16-daymission. he T LBNPoperations, which werenominal, continued testthehypothesis to thattheeffects of fluidlossdueto theheadward shiftof body fluidsinspaceflight canbecountered y b ingestion f a largequantity salinesolution o of inconjunction withtheapplicationf o negative pressure thelowerbody. to The Microbial SamplerMAS)isa hand-held, Air ( battery operated airsampler, which collects samples airinpredetermined of placesat predetermined times. Particles entering theMASare trapped onplastic strips containinggar. Thesestrips a were replaced aftertwominutes sampling of andstored forpostflight analysis. heMAS T failedduring thefirstsampling operation, andthefirstdata-take waslost.An IFM procedure as performed w inwhich thesample stripwasreplaced andnormal peration o wasrestored. owever, nlyfourofthefiveplanned H o data-takes werecompleted satisfactorily because ofthisproblem. TheAmerican Echocardiograph Research Imaging System (AERIS)failedto record dataduring onesession.AnIFM procedure asperformed w andnominal peration as o w restored forthe remainder fthemission. o LinearCompressor nhancedOrbiterRefriqeratorlFreezer E


TheLCEOR/Fencounteredroblems p earlyinthemission; however, thestarting and stoppingemperatures t forthe compressor wereeachlowered °C andtheLCEOR/F 8 operated nominally itha dutycycleof55 to 60 percentorthe remainder the w f of mission. xperiment E operations, including defrost rocedure a p andloading ofphasechangematerials (PCMs)andcrewbeverages, werecompleteduccessfully. s Although the unitwasunpowered uring d ascent, twaspowered i continuously during on-orbit operationsndentryduring, a which anautomatic temperatureecorderATR)wasused r ( to collectemperature ata. t d
Slow Rotatinq Centrifuqe Microscope

The Slow RotatingCentrifuge icroscope M (NIZEMI) facility provided scientists iththe w capability observe to bothliving andnon-living atter m exposed tolevels gravity of ranging from10"3 to 1.5g. Thescience g investigations thatwerea partofthe NIZEMI experiment wereas follows: a. Gravisensitivity andGeo(Gravi)taxis theSlimeMold; of b. Graviorientation Eug/enagraci/is(Euglena); in c. Influence Accelerations of ontheSpatial rientation fthe Protozoan O o LoxodesStriatus(Loxodes); d. Effects Microgravity of onAurelia Ephyra Behavior ndDevelopment a (Jellyfish);

e. Gravireaction inCharaRhizoids Microgravity in (Chara)(Lostbecause of over-temperature anomaly); f. Gravisensitivity CressRoots(Cress); of g, Lymphocyte Movements ndInteractions a (Motion); nd a h. Convection tability a Planar S of Solidification Front(Moni). Allexperiment samples except heCharasample t werecompleteds planned.An overa temperature nomaly which a in theexperiment module intemalemperatureosefrom t r 21 °C to58 °C was notedearlyintheflight.Thisproblem wasseenpreviouslyuring d preflight testing andwascaused bya sticking relay, utcould b notbecorrected because the lackoftimebeforeflight. of
Microqravity Effects on Standardized Coqnitive Performance Measures The MicrogravityEffectson Standardized CognitivePerformanceMeasures experiment,whichconsistedof six computerized cognitiveperformancetestscalled PAWS, will help determinethe astronauts' entalabilityto performoperational asks in m t space.


The Commander, PilotandMission Specialist successfully 2 completedllexperiment a objectives measure to human workload andperformance inzerogravity. AppliedResearchonSeparationMethodsUsinqSpaceElectrophoresis TheRAMSESexperiment sesa continuous-flow u electrophoresis unitto purify biological samples.An adjustable lectric e fieldwasapplied across theflow,causing thedifferentlyharged c components diverge to intoa widebeamconsistingfseparate o streams molecules, of whichpass through outlets 40 intocollection tubes. These collection tubeswere refrigeratedndretumed Earthforpostflight a to analysis.A number f samples o were processed uring d theflight insupport f investigations o that wereas follows: a. OptimizationfProtein o Separation; and b. Electrohydrodynamic SampleDistortion. An initial roblem p witha non-operational Electrode BufferPump(EBP)was resolved by cycling power.Recurrence ftheanomaly the o resulted inthe hypothesis thatgases generated byelectrolysis werenotbeing evacuated fastasthe gases as werebeing produced followingn experiment a run. A waiting periodfollowingachexperiment e run was included inthe proceduresndthisallowed a continuous operation. Premature shutdown theRAMSES of experiment occurred whenthedatashowed a largepowerspikeacross Orbiteruelcells.Troubleshooting the f confirmed thatthe problem wasdueto a blownrectifier iode d thatcaused power the spikeandblewa fuse inthe facilitypowercontrol ndinterface a system (PCIS). Inspiteofthiscondition, the




science teamwasstillabletocompleteiveof seven f flightobjectives (FOs),andthe majority thesixthFO. Approximately to 90 percent f thetotalscience of 80 o objectives werecompleted. Real-Time RadiationMonitorinq Device TheRRMDmeasured thehigh-energyosmic c radiation intheSpacelab whileon-orbit, andinturn,transmitted thesedatatothe Payload Operations ontrol C Centerat Marshall paceFlight enter(MSFC). In addition, S C thedevicecontained acteria b with highradiation sensitivity. hesecells T wereanalyzed during postflight operations to determine radiation damageaswellas theircapability recoverandrepairthemselves to aftera cosmic rayimpact. Radiation measurement activities erenominal.However, omedata-take w s opportunities lostbecause the HRMchannel were of datathroughput problem experiencedarlyinthe mission. hisanomaly e T caused totallossofdatafromthe a RRMDfortheseopportunities. Thecrewperformed IFMprocedurenflight an o day3 thatresulted solidlock-on ina ofthedata. Also, heexperiment t wasinadvertently powered Thecrewfoundthatthepowercircuit reaker npanelL4Wwasopen off. b o andsubsequently closed it.


SpinalChanqesin Microqravity The SpinalChangesin Microgravity (SCM)experiment wasdeveloped ecause b twoout of every threepersons whogointospaceexperience backpain. Asa result,he t lengthening thespinalcolumn of wasstudied determinef thatcondition to i isthe cause ofthe backpain. Stereophotographs ofthespineandultrasound imaging ofvertabral spacing were successfully recorded, andthesedatawillbe usedtostudy effects the ofmicrogravity onthespineandneurosensory system.Extensive replanning ascompleted w tofillthe timeline voids causedbythelateactivation fthe FFEUandtheinitialailure o f ofthe AERISthatalsousedtheSCM.
Thermoelectric Incubator and Cell Culture Kits

The Thermoelectric IncubatorTEl)wasa general urpose ( p incubator usedinSpacelab to maintain biological specimenst a constant a temperature, humidity, andcarbondioxide concentration. TheCellCulture Kits(CCK)wereusedtoculture slimemold andplantandanimal ellsinmicrogravity. c Bothofthesepiecesofequipment were usedinconjunction withtheFFEUexperiments. Earlyinthe mission 191:00:15 at G.m.t.(01:07:32 MET),a tripped circuit reaker as b w reset,andnominal El science T datagathering continued ithoutnterruption the w i for remainder fthemission. o



Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility

The AdvancedProteinCrystallizationFacility(APCF)provided environment an for growing variety protein a of crystals using threedifferent ethods. hesewere: m T a. vapordiffusion; b. liquid-liquid diffusion; and c. dialysis. Theassociated crystalgrowth facilities operated nominally uring d themission.
,Bubble, Drop and Particle Unit

The BDPUwasa facilitydeveloped tostudy fluidbehaviors ndinteractions a suchas bubble growth, vaporation, e condensation, andthermocapillary flows.The crew interchanged experiment testcontainers ithdedicated w fluidcells. Theexperiments thatusedthe BDPUareas follows: a. BubbleMigration, CoalescencendInteraction ithMelting a w andSolidification Fronts; b. Thermocapillary Migration andInteractions Bubbles of andDrops; c. Bubble Behavior nderLowGravity'; U d. Thermocapillary Instability Three-Layer ina System; e. Nucleation, Bubble Growth, nterfacial I Micro-Layer, Evaporationnd a Condensation Kinetics; and f. StaticandDynamic Behavior f Liquid o inComers, dgesandContainers. E Thisnewfacility was responsible manyfirsts for inthestudyof fluids andthe behavior ofdroplets underthermal radients.Fluid g shiftandnon-hazardous containment leaks (controlledya secondlevelof containment) b resulted at leastthe partial ossof the in l KOSTERandMONTIinvestigations.
Critical Point Facility


The CriticalPoint Facility(CPF)provided facility a forseveral xperiments measure e to andvisually record specialluidproperties t their"critical oint".Thefacilitymeasured f a p fluiddensity fluctuations nearthe critical oint p using laserlightscatteringnd a interferometry. experiments The thatusedthisfacility were: a. The Piston Effect; b. ThermalEquilibrium One-Component ina Field;


,¢"_ •

c. Density Equilibration TimeScale;and d. HeatTransport ndDensity a Fluctuations a Critical ield. in F The reflight fthisfacility o reconfirmed previous findingsromthe IML-1mission.An f improved thermostat wasinstalled incethe IML-1mission, s andthisenabled thefacility to perform withoutnterruption i andgather significant science data. FreeFlowElectrophoresis Unit TheFFEUwasusedto study whether pace-based lectrophoresis s e willimprove the purity certainbiological of materials hich normally w are difficult toseparate onEarth. A number f different o typesof samples wereflown fortesting andisas follows: a. Gravitational RoleinElectrophoretic Separations fPituitary ellsand o C Granules; b. Separation Chromosome of DNAof a Nematode, e/egans,by C. Electrophoresis; and c. Experiments Separating theCulture Solution Animal ellsin High of C Concentration underMicrogravity. Afterovercomingctivation roblems, a p allFFEUscience investigations wereattempted. Although degradationf onesample o occurred thatprevented pituitary a separationor f oneflight bjective, o themajority ofscience wassuccessfully completed. The success is dueto the excellentreplanning the experimentimelinebythe flight controlteam. of t LarqeIsothermal urnace F TheLargeIsothermal Fumace (LIF)wasusedtoheatlargematerials amples s ina vacuum, ndthencoolthesamples a veryrapidly todetermine therelationships between structure, processing, andproperties f materials. hetwoexperiments, o T comprising fivesamples,hatwereconducted iththisfacility t w were: a. Gravitational Rolein Liquid PhaseSintering; and b. EffectofWeightlessness onMicrostructure andStrength Ordered of TiAI Intermetallic lloys. A Fumaceoperations meltanduniformly ixcompounds, to m andthencoolthemto produce solidsample, perated a o nominally ndallscience a investigations were successfully completed. Quasi-Steady Acceleration Measurement TheQuasi-Steady cceleration easurement A M (QSAM) experiment wasprimarily designed detectsteady, erylowfrequency, to v residual accelerations between and 0



0.02 Hertz. Datawererecorded throughout mission the onoptical isks, hich d w were retumed postflight for evaluation. Thehardware, whichconsisted ffourrotating o sensors, threestatic sensors andan optical ecorder, r successfully recorded low-frequency accelerations inthe Spacelab. Severalnstances f problems i o withtheoptical ecorder erecorrected r w byeither changinghe optical iskorperforming self-test. t d a
Space Acceleration Measurement Svstem

-_"_, --

TheSpaceAcceleration easurement M System (SAMS)instrument monitorednd a recorded higher-frequency onboard accelerations andvibrations thatwereexperienced inthe Spacelab module during flight.Datawererecorded throughout themission on optical isks, hich d w werereturned forpostflight evaluation. Accelerometer headsin threeSpacelab locations ominally n recorded accelerations caused byOrbiter maneuversndcrewmotion.A problem a withdiskdrive2 was corrected byreseating thediskinthedrive.
Electromaqnetic Containerless Processinq Facility

TheTEMPUS,a levitation elting m facility, rovided p containerless processing f metallic o samples an ultraclean icrogravity in m environment. Thefacility usedanelectric current flowing through coils copperubing produce of t to magneticields, hich f w createdan areaof minimum fieldstrength inwhich sample the wouldlevitate.Twenty-two metallic samples wereaccommodated during themission. number fexperiments A o shared this facility andthesewere: a. Effects ofNucleation byContainerless rocessing LowGravity; P in b. Non-equilibrium Solidification Largely of Undercooled elts; M c. Structure ndSolidification a ofLargelyUndercooled Meltsof QuasicrystalForming Alloys; d. Thermodynamics andGlassFormation Undercooled in Liquid Alloys; e. Metallic GlassResearch inSpace: Thermophysical Properties Metallic of Glasses andUndercooled lloys; A f. Viscosity andSurfaceTension Undercooled elts; nd of M a g. Measurement ofthe Viscosity ndSurface a Tension Undercooled elts of M underMicrogravity ConditionsndSupporting agnetohydrodynamic a M Calculations. TheinitiallightoftheTEMPUSfacility f provided unprecedented science results.A problem withsamples adhering totheircontainment cagewasmitigated bymany completelyuccessful s experiment runs, ndthefactthat,in mostcases,excellent a data weregathered prior tothesample sticking itscage. to





VibrationIsolationBox Experiment tation S • TheVIBESinvestigated theeffects ofso-called "g-jitter" isturbances d caused bycrew movement andexperiment equipment operations spacelaboratories in suchas Spacelab. Operations werenominalorthisexperiment f composed f special aterials esigned o m d to mitigate effects accelerations. the of COMMERCIAL PROTEINCRYSTALGROWTH STS-65wasthefifthflight ofthe CPCGexperiment. Thissecondary ayload p usedthe commercial refrigerator/incubator module (CRIM)inthe Orbiter iddeck.A totalof 60 m samples focusing onsixdifferent proteins invarious formulations wereflown forthis payload. TheCPCGCRIMexperienced thermal lectric a e device(TED)signaldropout at 194:08:43 G.m.t.(04:16:00MET)thatresulted lostthermal erformance. in p The temperature fthe unitroseto approximately °C overa 9.5-hour o 13 period.Diagnostic datawerechecked bythecrewwhoverified thattheTED wasdropping inandout. To achieve stableenvironment, a theCRIMcommand temperature aschanged 13 °C, w to andthetemperature ftheunitremained 13 °C__. °C fortheremainder fthe o at 1.8 o mission. mpact I ofthetemperature instability totheprotein samples canonlybe assessed during postflight laboratory orkatthe Principal w Investigators' laboratory. The postflight assessment indicated thatcrystals weregrown infiveof thesixprotein samples.However, nlythreeofthefiveprotein o crystals yielded x-raydiffraction-grade crystals, ndonlytwoof thesixprotein a materials ielded y goodcrystals. ORBITALACCELERATION RESEARCH EXPERIMENT The OAREwasusedto makehighly accurate measurements ofverylowfrequency (steady stateto 1 Hz) Orbiter accelerations experienced uring d on-orbit operationsnd a the initial ortion the entryphaseof themission. heOAREcanmeasure p of T and record accelerations ontheorderof one-billionth ofthe accelerationf Earth's o gravity (10nano-g's). TheOAREacquired nearsteady-state icrogravity m accelerationatainsupport f d o IML-2experiments throughout theon-orbit haseofthemission p from10 minutes after launch untilapproximately minutes 10 afterentryinterface.Alloperations ere w performed planned,ncludingcquisitionfdataduring as i a o vehicle rotations erformed p tocalibrate theSAMS. TheOAREdataobtained during theserotations illbeusedfor w scalefactorcalibrations fthe OAREsensor o system.In addition obtaining to acceleration datain supportof the IML-2requirements,he data acquiredduringthe t pitch/drag AREmaneuver ndduring O a entrywillbe usedtoassess thevehicle


, ('-_

aerodynamic haracteristics orbital ltitudes.The initial ssessment c at a a ofthe data dumped MSFCindicated at nominal instrument performance throughout theflight. SHU'I-rLE AMATEURRADIOEXPERIMENT The SAREXproject,whichhasflownon 13 previous Shuttlemissions, wasdesigned to encouragepublicparticipationinthe SpaceProgramand supportthe conductof educationalinitiatives. This objectiveis beingaccomplished demonstrating by effective communications betweenthe Shuttleand low-costgroundstationsusingamateurradiovoiceand digitaltechniques. All 13 scheduledschoolsweresuccessfully contactedbythe SpaceShuttleColumbia astronauts. Theseschoolsincludedtwo foreignschools:Tatebayashi hildren's C ScienceExploratoriumin Japan;and a Germanschool,Franhofer ealschule R in Ingolstadt,Germany. Inadditionto the scheduledcontacts,one unscheduled contactwas alsoarrangedwith GeneralThomasStaffordat the Aerospace AmericaAnnualAirshowin OklahomaCity, OK. CommanderCabanacommunicatedhroughbridgestationsin Hawaiiand t Californiaand was heardby approximately 150,000people. The packet operationaboardthe Columbiathat includeda portionof the commemorative Apollo11period performed nominally ithapproximately w 3,000 connections tothe Shuttlepacket adio. r MILITARY APPLICATIONS SHIPTRACKS OF
The MAST experiment was sponsored by the Office of Naval Research, and the objective of the MAST experiment was to determine how pollutants generated by ships modify the reflective properties of clouds. Use of high-resolution photographs obtained in support of this experiment will provide insight into the processes of ship track production on a global scale. Over 300 high-resolution photographs were taken of 17 targets. These results far exceeded the requirements for photographs of four targets. AIR FORCE MAUl OPTICAL SYSTEM The AMOS is an electrical-optical facility on the Hawaiian island of Maul. The facility tracks the Orbiter as it flies over the area and records signatures from thruster firings, water dumps, or the phenomena of "Shuttle Glow". No specific crew or vehicle (thruster firings) activityin support ofthis experimentwas performed duringthis mission.






All SRBsubsystemserformed expected.The SRBprelaunch p as activities wereall normal, ndnoLaunch a Commit riteria C (LCC)orOperational Maintenance Requirements andSpecificationocument D (OMRSD)violations ereidentified. or w F thisflight, helow-pressure t heatedground purge intheSRBaftskirt asnotrequired w to maintain case/nozzle the jointtemperatures within required the LCCranges.The purge wasactivated T-26minutes at forthehigh-flow rateinerting theSRBaft skirt. of Thecalculated flexible bearing meanbulktemperature as78 °F. w Analysis ofthe SRBdataindicates ominal n performance ofallsubsystems. Twonew maximums forexperience bases weresetforthethrust ector v control (TVC)system. Onewasestablished nthe left-hand o tiltfuelsupply module (FSM)pressure difference between APUstartandcutoff.Thesecond newexperience asewastheright-hand b tilt actuator aximum m rateduring separation ull. Dataconcerningothofthesenew n b experience baseshavebeenevaluated, andnoanomalousperation o wasfound. Both SRB'sweresuccessfully separated fromtheET at T+123.48seconds, andreports fromthe recovery rea,which a werebasedonvisual ightings, s indicatehatthe SRB t deceleration subsystemserformed designed. oth p as B SRBsweresighted during descent ndwererecovered a andbrought toCapeCanaveral forretum KSCwhere to disassembly andrefurbishment activities ereinitiated. w During thedisassembly process, twoanomalousonditions c wereidentifiedndthey a


a. Two of fourmounting fastenersorthe right-hand RBrangesafetysystem f S (RSS)safeandarm(S&A)werenotproperlyeated(Flight roblem s P STS-65-B-01); and b. Onebroken fastener wasfoundonthe left-hand SRBaft integrated electronics assembly (lEA) endcover onthesystemsunnel ide(Flight roblem t s P STS-65-B-02). REDESIGNED SOLIDROCKETMOTORS The RSRMsoperated satisfactorily throughout theascent hase. Prelaunchctivities p a weresatisfactory andnoLCCorOMRSDviolations wereidentified. ower-up P and operation all igniter ndfield of a jointheaters wascompleted a routine in manner,and all RSRMtemperatures eremaintained ithin w w acceptable limits th.roughout the countdown.


Thefieldjointheaters operated for11 hours minutes 36 during theprelaunch time framewiththe heaters on17 percent fthetimeduring o theLCCtimeframe. Theigniter jointheaters operated for23 hours minutes 11 withthe heaters powered up5 hours earlier thanexpected.Power wasapplied tothe igniter eating h elements percent 29 of thetime. Dataindicate thattheflightperformance bothRSRMswaswellwithin of theallowable performance envelopesandwas typicalof the performance observedon previous flights. The RSRMpropellantmeanbulktemperature(PMBT)was81 °F at liftoff. The followingtable showsthe performance data of the RSRMs. Parameter RSRMPROPULSION PERFORMANCE Leftmotor,81 °F Rightmotor, 1 °F 8 Predicted Actual Predicted I Actual 66.16 176.13 296.75 268.6 0.3679 0.3735 0.232 108.8 118.5 120.6 123.5 81 66.34 176.04 296.06 268.0 0.3687 0.3743 N/A 109.1 118.6 120.7 123.5 81 66.17 176.16 297.02 268.6 0.3676 0.3732 0.232 108.9 118.3 120.5 123.5 81 66.43 176.42 296.30 268.0 0.3694 0.3750


Impulse gates 1-20,106Ibf-sec 1-60,106 Ibf-sec I-AT_106 Ibf-sec VacuumIsp_ Ibf-sec/Ibm Bumrate,in/sec@ 60 °F at 625 psia Bumrate,in/sec@81 °F at 625 psia Event imes,seconds t a Ignition interval Webtime b Separation cue,50 psia Action time b Separationommand c PMBT,°F

Y-'_ N/A 108.5 117.6 119.8 122.5 81

Maximum ignition riserate, 90.4 N/A 90.4 N/A psia/10ms Decaytime,seconds 2.8 3.0 2.8 3.1 (59.4psiato 85 K) TailoffImbalance Impulse Predicted Actual differential, Klbf-sec N/A 600.6 Impulse Imbalance leftmotor inus = m rightmotor 1 Alltimesare referenced toignition command timeexcept herenotedbya 2. w 2 Referencedo liftoffime(ignition t t interval). The postflight inspectionfthe RSRMsrevealed o thattheleft-hand forward stiffener ring outerdiameter hada radially inward axialcrack(approximately inchdeep)located 0.25 at 90.5 degrees (between boltholes)(Flight the Problem STS-65-M-01)..r_


F"_ "

EXTERNAL TANK TheET loading andflight performance wereexcellent, andallflight objectives ere w satisfied.NoET in-flight anomalies wereidentified fromthetelemetry photographic or data. AllET electrical andinstrumentation equipment performed satisfactorily. LCC No orOMRSDviolations ereidentified. w Noevidence unacceptable of acreageiceformation asnotedduring w thepropellant loading forSTS-65. Allobserved icingconditions werewithin historical the conditions as referenced inthe Ice/Debrisnspection riteria I C Document (NSTS-08303).These acceptableonditions c included recurring a thermal rotectionystem p s (TPS)defectof a single crackintheTPS wherethefoambridges between thevertical trutcabletray s andfitting fairing, ndthiscondition a iscausedbyjointrotation thatpoint. at A review the Development of TestObjective (DTO)312 post-separation mm 35 photographs takenwitha 300 mmlenswitha 2Xextender, ndthe photographs a from theumbilical-well-mounted 35 mmandtwo16 mmcameras showed thefollowing: a. Twodivots, pproximatelyinches diameter ithexposed a 6 in w substrate, were located intheLH2tointertankplice s justoutboard ofthecabletrayprotuberance air load(PAL)ramp.


b. A shallow divot, pproximatelyinchesindiameter, a 6 waslocated inthe LH2 CPRfoamjustaftofthe intertank splice between the+Y bipod attachment andtheLO2 feedline support racket. b c. Several mall,1-to 2-inch s diameter,popcorn " divots" erelocated w onthe intertanktringers s justforward ofthebipods. d. A smalldivot, inches 2 indiameter, aslocated w ontheice/frostamps r at station 1152andat station 1787. Allof theseobservations weresimilarotheobservations t frompreviouslights. f TheET pressurization system functioned roperlyhroughout p t engine startandflight. Theminimum LO2ullagepressure experienceduring ullage d the pressure slump was 14.1psid. The ETtumble valvewasdisabled ithadbeenfor33 ofthe last34 flights.The as postflight predicted impact oint asapproximately nautical p w 36 milesuprange the of preflight predicted landing point.



SPACESHU'I'I'LEMAINENGINES AllSSMEsperformed satisfactorily throughout thecountdown. Dataweretypical f o prelaunch parameters bserved o onpreviouslights.Engine f "Ready"wasachieved at the properime;all LCCweremet;andengine t startandthrust buildup werenormal. Engine performance during mainstage andshutdown asnominal ndas predicted w a withcutoffimesof 516.95,517.07,and517.20seconds t (referencedothe engine t start command) forSSMEs1,2, and3, respectively. Theengine Ispwasratedat 452.1seconds basedontrajectory ata. BlockII controller d andsoftware performance wassatisfactory. ECOoccurred M 510.63seconds afterliftoff.No in-flight anomalies wereidentified inthe datareview, orwereanysignificant n problems noted; however, thefollowing observations weremadeduring review. the a. The SSME2 highpressure oxidizer turbopumpHPOTP)intermediateeal ( s pressure shifted upward engine at startplus270seconds.Thisshift waswithin the experience baseandwassimilar othegreen-run erformance t p ofthispump. b. TheSSME1 highpressure fuelturbine (HPFT)channel discharge B temperature scillated uring o d thethrustbucket.Thiscondition aspreviouslyeenon w s SSMEno.2019during STS-26andisattributed toturbine coolantlowredistribution. f c. TheSSME2 POGOpressure purgeandancillary monitorowerlimit(0 psia) l wasviolated afterengine shutdown, anda failure identification (FID)wasposted.The lowerlimitrequirement hasbeenineffect since thefirstflight Block software of II (STS-49). Thiscondition as notseenbeforeSTS-65sincethe propellant w vacuum inertwasalwaysperformed aftertheengine controllers werepowered down. Withthe newvehicle software, OI-23,propellant vacuum inertisautomated andmayoccur when thecontrollersre powered.Sincethislimit a isnotrequired, itwillbeeliminated for STS-66andsubsequent flights. d. The SSME2 digital ontrol nit(DCU)-B reported DCU-Apowerlossafter c u a engineshutdownnda FIDwas posted.Thisisa normal ccurrencelthough FID a o a the maynotbeseeninrealtimeinthevehicle datatableduetothe datasample rate. The condition isseenregularly inthecontroller FIDbuffer afterthe post-landing emory m dump.



The Shuttle RangeSafetySystem (SRSS)closed-loop testing wascompleted as scheduled during thecountdown. AllSRSSS&Adevices werearmed,andallsystem inhibits ereturnedoffatthe appropriate w times.AllSRSSmeasurements indicated thatthesystem operated expected as throughout thelaunch phase.As planned,he t SRBS&Adevices weresafedandSRBsystem power wasturnedoffprior SRB to separation. he ET system T remained active untilET separationromthe Orbiter. f



ORBITER SUBSYSTEMS MainPropulsion System Theoverall erformance p oftheMPSwasnominal ithnohardware w in-flight anomalies identified. TS-65wasthefirstflight S oftheMPSdumpandvacuum inerting procedureseveloped d fortheOI-23software, ndperformanceuring a d thedumpand entryrepressurization wasdifferent thanexpected. Liquid hydrogen loading operations erenormalhrough phases w t all oftheactivity.The analysis loading of system datashowthatthe LH2 loadat the endof replenish as w 231,791Ibm. Compared tothepredicted loadof 231,853Ibm,theloading accuracy was-0.03 percent, hich w iswellwithin required the loading accuracy __. percent. of 0.37 Liquid oxygen loading continuedatisfactorily s untilaboutnineminutes afterfastfillstart whenan overspeed indication wasreceived frompumpA127anda LO2revert occurred. uring revert, ump D the p A126 wasbrought onlineandloading continued. Theanalysis loading of system datashowthe LO2 loadwas1,387,731Ibm.Compared tothe predicted loadof 1,387,828 Ibm,the loading accuracy was-0.01 percent, hich w iswellwithin required the loading accuracy __. percent. of 0.43



Real-time analysis hydrogen of leakdetector ndhazardous asdetection ystem a g s data showed noviolations fthe hazardous asconcentration o g limits.The maximum hydrogen concentration levelintheOrbiter aftcompartment was95 ppm(corrected), which compares eryfavorably ithprevious ataforthisvehicle.Leakdetector 6 v w d 5 and57 indicated lowsampling rates,possibly ueto a lineblockage. owever,eak d H l detector 7 wasusedastheprimary 5 detector ecause the higher b of sampling rate. The Hydrogen Umbilical MassSpectrometer (HUMS)served thesecondary as detector. MPSperformance uring d ascent asnominal. he LH2andLO2pressurization w T and feedsystems performed satisfactorily andsatisfied alltankullagepressure andSSME inletnetpositive suction pressure (NPSP)requirements. Likewise, performance analyses the propulsion of systems during phases flightindicate all of nominal performancendall requirements a weresatisfied. Analysis ofthe gaseous hydrogen (GH2)flowcontrol valve(FCV)performance show SSME1 and2 FCVsperformed expected.However, SSME3 FCVviolated as the the FileIX inletpressure changerequirement of300 to 420 psid(actual nletpressure i change 280 psid)during = 11actuation cycles.A reviewof datafromthepasttwo flights showed that300 __. psidisnominal erformance 20 p fora FCVintheSSME3 position.Analysis ofsystem drawingsndicate i thatpressure losses dueto vehicle/SSME plumbing 3 layout estrict ressure r p differentials lower to values than SSME1 andSSME2. Analysis fallpreviouslight o f datasupporthisassessment. t Previous readings of280 psid werenotdeclared anomalous ecause b ofvariations in



dataevaluation. onsequently, C SSME3 FCVperformance asnominal, w anda File IX changeis beingmadeto changethe allowabledifferentialpressurebandfor SSME3.
The LH2manifoldpressureunexpectedlyincreasedto a maximumpressureof 17 psia followingthe vacuuminertingprocedure(FlightProblemSTS-65-V-08). An initial pressureriserate was evidentas the solidhydrogen changedto a liquid. The pressure riserate increasedas liquidhydrogenstartedto boil-offto a gaseousstate. A third changein the rise ratecorresponded the OMS-2 firingwhichcausedsolidand liquid to hydrogen come in contactwiththe '_Narm" to feedlinewallsand rapidlyflashoffto gas. Postflightanalysisof the MPS dump/vacuuminert performance indicatedthat this first use of the new OI-23 software automated dump sequence resulted in a lower amount of residual hydrogen after the dump (estimate of 2 Ib, which is lowest in flight history). However, preflight predictions from the MPS Propellant Dump model has indicated that residuals after the dump should have been less than 1 Ibm (about 0.3 Ibm). Since the residuals were greater than the predicted value, the 5-minute coast time between dump and vacuum inert was insufficient to allow all of the solid hydrogen to sublimate to gas. This resulted in the hydrogen residual after the vacuum inerting that caused the observed manifold pressureincrease.


The evaluation the dumpperformancelsoindicated of a thatallthe helium thatwas budgeted be introduced to intothe LH2 system viathereturn-to-launch-site (RTLS) repressurization valves didnotenterthemanifold approximately percent as as 50 w blown outofthe manifold reliefvalve. An evaluation isbeingmadeto determine the correctiveactionsthat wouldeliminatethe residuals. Oncethe manifold pressure reached itspeakvalueof 17 psia,itquickly began decaying andreached ambient ressure p inapproximately minutes.Thisobserved 90 leakratecorresponded system toa leakage ontheorderof 7,000 scim.Thisleakrate washigher thanexpected (alsohigher thanallowable a decayrateat ambient for temperatures), butitdidnotexceedthesystem leakrateat cryogenic temperatures. Troubleshooting KSCidentified sealleakinSSME2 thatmayhavebeena at a significant contributor tothe on-orbiteak. No out-of-specification l leakswerenotedin the MPShardware. During the650-second entrypurge, hehelium t usage was59.37Ibm,andthe requirement forOV-102is55.7+_. Ib(Flight 1.1 Problem STS-65-V,09).STS-65wasthe firstflightof the operational increment (OI)-23 software andtherefore,hefirstuseof t theautomated MPShelium system entryconfiguration thatisa partof OI-23. Onall flights sinceSTS-26,only SSME1,2, and3 helium the supply A-legisolation valve havebeenopened during entry. Inthisconfiguration, helium fortheblowdown purge andmanifold repressurization provided through was only theSSME 2 helium supply Alegregulatorthrough ( theSSME2 crossover valve). In OI-23,theSSME1, 2, and3 helium supply andB-legisolation Avalves,aswellasthe pneumaticystem s isolation valves,areopened forentry. Thisconfiguration allows threeregulators (SSME2A and 2B andthepneumatic ystemregulators) s tosupply helium forthe blowdownurgeand p



manifold repressurization. result, hehelium Asa t pressure being provided forthe blowdownemained r approximately psihigher 100 thanthe average single-regulator pressure, thusproviding greater a massflowdudng thepurge.Analysis indicates that approximatelyto4 Ibmmorehelium 3 consumption should beexpected whenusing the OI-23software.Adding Ibmtothe nominal 4 OV-102flowof55.7Ibmresults ina consumption veryclosetothe59.37 Ibmthatwas usedduring STS-65. As a result f theSTS-65mission o findings, FileIX requirement the willbe modified to specify expected the consumption foreachvehicle withtheOI-23entryconfiguration including 3-sigma the valuesthatare calculated withallthedataavailable since STS-26.
Reaction Control Subsystem

The performance ftheRCSwassatisfactory. o RCSpropellant consumption forthe mission totaled 5,036.5Ibm.The RCSwasnotinterconnected totheOMS during this mission. At 196:11:58 G.m.t.(06:19:15 MET),thecrewreported thatwhilereconfiguring the RCSfromthe A tothe Bhelium regulators, leftRCS Beventindicatortalkback) the ( as wellas theA eventindicator showed barberpole hentheB switch w wastakenfrom CLOSE GPC. Theprocedure asrepeated to w laterintheflight ndnoanomalous a indications erenotedvisually inthedata. During w or postflight rewdebriefings, c the talkback as reported w tobe present nlymomentarily o andonly aftermoving theB switch fromGPCto OPEN. Thiscondition isconsistent withprevious ccurrences o of valvebounce caused bya pneumaticammer h effect. At 199:09:14:20 G.m.t.(09:16:31:20 ET),vernier M thruster 5Dwasfailedoffbythe R RMbecause lowchamber ressure of p (Flight roblem P STS-65-V-05).Onthefailed pulse, hechamber ressure t p initially entto 25.7 psia. A nominal w pulse fromthis thruster, which showed nosigns ofdegraded chamber ressure p dueto combustion residue orironnitrate contamination, occurred seconds 9 earlier.Thethruster as w hot-fired perflight rule6-31,andtheperformance wasnominal withnoevidence of degraded chamber ressure. he RMwasclearedandthevemier p T thrusters ere w reselected. hethruster assuccessfully T w firedseveralhundred timesduring the remainder f themission. he engineering o T communityetermined d thefailure wasmost likelyinthe reaction driver jet (RJD),themultiplexer/demultiplexer (MDM),orthewiring between twoboxes.A bitestatusread(BSR)was performed verifytheMDM, the to anditwasall zeros,indicating MDMprobably the performed asdesigned during this period.Extensive ground testing, hich w included tricklecurrents, wirewiggles, demating andinspectingonnectors wellas hi-pot esting c as t failedto reproduce the anomaly.



OrbitalManeuverinq Subsystem TheOMS performederysatisfactorily v during thefourfirings, and 13,694.9Ibmof propellants ereconsumed uring w d the355.78seconds offiringoneachengine.Data showed thatall oxidizer robes p forthequantity gauging system operated satisfactorily, butonlytheleftaft fuelprobe wasoperating properly. hefollowing T tableprovides dataconcerning theOMSfirings.
OMS FIRINGS OMS firing OMS-2 OMS-3 OMS-4 Deorbit Engine Both Both Both Both Time, G.m.t./MET 189:17:22:55:2G.m.t. 000:00:39:55.2MET 203:12:47:44.1G.m.t. 013:20:04:44.1MET 203:13:32:42.2G.m.t. 013:20:49:42.2MET 204:09:40:38.3G.m.t. 014:16:57:38.3MET Firing duration, seconds 141.3 32.1 30.4 152.8 AV, ft/sec 221.8 51.0 49.1 255.3


A biaswas noted inthe right OMSaftfuelquantity gageduring deorbit aneuver. the m The quantity gagewasreading approximately percent igherthanexpected.This 15 h condition didnotimpact hemission. t
Power Reactant Storaqe and Distribution Subsystem


The STS-65mission wasthefourth flight oftheExtended Duration Orbiter (EDO) pallet. Thepowerreactant torage s anddistribution (PRSD)subsystem performed ina nominal annerhroughout mission m t the withnoanomalies rproblems oted.A total o n of 4911 Ibmof oxygen and593 Ibmofhydrogen wereconsumed uring mission. d the A totalof 204 Ibmof theoxygen usagewasforcrewbreathing. onsumablexygen C o and hydrogen remainingt landing a wouldhaveprovided mission a extension 47 hours of at anaveragepowerlevelof 18.8kW.
Fuel Cell Powerplant Subsystem

The fuel cellpowerplant (FCP)subsystem performance asnominal w withnoanomalies orproblems identified. he fuelcellsconsumed706Ibmof oxygenand593 Ibmof T 4 hydrogen producing660kWhof power anaverage in 6 at powerlevelof 18.8kW and loadof 631 amperes.Thefuelcellsproduced299Ibmofwaterduring mission. 5 the Eightpurges wereperformed, occurringt approximately 81,127, 175,222,268, a 19, 322, and347 hours MET. Ontheprevious ission m thatusedthesefuelcells,purge intervals 72 hours of wereachieved; however, nthismission purgeintervals o the were


,f_ •

approximately 8 hours.Theloadsonthefuelcellsforthismission 4 werehigherthan ontheprevious mission, andthiscontributed tothemorerapidperformance decay. During postlanding the inertpurging thefuelcells,the oxygen of manifold pressure decayed an unacceptable at rate. Excessive leakage wasmeasured fromtheoxygen purgeport. Theleakwasisolated tofuelcell3, anda steady100-sccm leakratewas measured withanincrease 400to 500 sccmleakage to rateevery8 to 11 seconds.As a result,he fuelcell(S/N122)willbereplaced t prior the nextflight. to Alsoduringpostlanding operationst KSC,the fuelcell2 coolant ressure a p increased foran unknown reason from65.3 psiato73.2 psia. Thefuelcellwasdepressurized andthenrepressurized, andagain thesamesignature asobserved.Thefuelcellis w designed toventwhenthecoolant ressure p reaches psia. Thisisthefirsttimethis 70 behavior as beenobserved h during theSpaceShuttle Program andthe behaviors i unexplained. Asa result,uelcell2 (S/N 121)willalsobereplaced. f AuxiliaryPowerUnitSubsystem The APUsubsystem performed nominally ithnoanomalies w noted.TheAPUswere shutdownafterlanding intheAPU2,APU 1,andAPU 3 orderto fulfill he t requirements DTO414. APUfuelconsumption of andruntimeareshown inthe following table. Flight hase APU 1 (S/N409) APU2 p (S/N308) APU3 (S/N408) Time, Fuel Time, Fuel Time, Fuel min:secconsumption, min:secconsumption, i min:secconsumption, Ib Ib Ib Ascent 20:58 48 20:45 53 21:05 50 FCScheckout 7:14 18 Entry a 64:57 120 82:13 176 64:59 124 Total 93:09 186 102:58 229 86:04 174 "APUs ranfor approximately minutes 20 12seconds aftermaingeartouchdown. APU2 hadonegearbox repressurization thegearbox as gaseous nitrogen (GN2) pressure reached approximately psia. Also,theAPU 2 drainlinepressure 6.2 decayed from16 psiato 9.2 psiaduring thecourse ofthe15-daymission. either N ofthese conditions werecause forconcern.
Hydraulics/Water Spray Boiler Subsystem

The hydraulics/water boiler(WSB)subsystem spray performed verysatisfactorily throughout themission.Nopower driveunit(PDU)backdriving wasobserved inthe dataas a resultoftheAPUshutdownrder(APU2, APU1, andAPU3) thatwas o F-_-. performed insupport f DTO414. Noproblems ranomalies erenotedinthedata o o w

review.Oneitemofinterestromthismission f wasthatthetotalnumber ofcirculation pumprunswasthe highest fanymission o (279)intheSpaceShuttle Program.
Electrical Power Distribution and Control Subsystem


The electrical powerdistribution andcontrolEPDC)subsystem ( performed nominally throughout mission the withnoproblems ranomalies oted. o n
Environmental Control and Life Support Subsystem

The activethermal ontrol c subsystem (ATCS)performed nominally ithnoproblems w or anomalies identified. heflowproportioning T valvesonFreoncoolantoops and2 l 1 wereswitched thepayload to position 189:19:23 at G.m.t.(00:02:40 MET)and 190:16:08 G.m.t.(00:23:25 MET),respectively, support pacelab to S cooling requirements. Bothloops wereretumed tothe interchanger position at 203:03:46G.m.t (13:11:03 MET)afterSpacelab deactivation. The radiator old-soak c provided cooling duringentry through landing plus 11 minutes whenammonia boilersystem wasactivated B using secondary controller. the B System operated B for40 minutes andwasdepleted entirely.Ground cooling was establishedt 204:11:33G.m.t.,55 minutes a afterlanding. Waterwasmanaged through theuseofthe FESforsupply waterbecause ofa supplywaterdump-nozzle-icing anomaly discussednthefollowing age. Threesupply o p water dumps wereperformed anaveragerateof 1.52percent/minute Ib/minute). at (2.5 Thesupply waterdumplinetemperature asmaintainedetween and112 °F w b 74 throughout themission withthe operation thelineheater. of At192:07:28 G.m.t.(02:14:45 MET),supply waterdump3 wasperformed.Data indicated sharpdecrease nozzle a in temperatures 50 °F at which to timethedumpwas terminated (Flight Problem STS-65-V-02).Atthe sametime,a corresponding decrease inthewastedump-nozzle temperatures asalsoobserved.Theheaters w werekepton andthe subsequent nozzlebakeout aserratic,ndicating presence w i the oficeinthe nozzlearea. A purge thedumplineusing of thefreefluidwandwasperformed to prevent ardware h damage.Based onthe dump timeduring thetemperature ecrease, d itwasestimated thatuptotwogallons waterwerefrozen.A totalof 13 nozzle of bakeouts wereperformed melttheice. Afterboththenozzleheat-up to andcool-down timeswereidentical andnozzletemperaturespproachedreviousevels, hefirst a p l t wastewaterdumpwasinitiated 193:16:49 at G.m.t.(04:00:06 MET)andcompleted successfully 193:17:38 at G.m.t(04:00:55 MET). Supply waterwasdumped through the FESforthe remainder f themission.Detailed o postflight inspections thenozzle of areashowthatthe tilesurrounding OV-102nozzles the wasscalloped achieve to the proper nozzleprotrusion, andthenozzleandsurrounding temperature room vulcanizing (RTV) material howevidence deterioration. s of ;"-'_


('_ •

Wastewaterwasgathered approximately at thepredicted rate. Thewastewaterdump linetemperature asmaintainedetween and81 °Fthroughout w b 53 themission. Threewastewaterdumps wereperformed. hefirstdumphadanaverage T flowrateof 1.95percent/minute Ib/minute). hesecond (3.2 T wastewaterdumpwasinitiated at 198:06:33 G.m.t.(08:13:50 MET)andwasperformed inthreesegments.During the second segment, which dumped thewastetankfrom42 to 26 percent vera o 10.5-minute eriod,he dumpratedegraded.Theratewas2.03 pereent/minute p t during thefirst3 minutes anddegraded 1.11percent/minute to bytheendofthissegment f o thedump.Thewastetankpressure increased lightly s during thissegment, whichis indicative f blockage. herewasnoevidence iceonthedumpnozzle. During o T of the firstandthirddumpsegments, ratewasa nominal .8to 1.9percent/minute. the 1 At202:05:39 G.m.t.(12:12:56 MET),thethirdwastewaterdump wasinitiated. he T dumpwasperformed seven in segments, eachlasting to 7 minutes 5 before the minimum temperature limits werereached, ndthedumpratesweredegraded a tothe 1.2to 1.4 Ib/hrrate(Flight roblem P STS-65-V-06).Atthe endof thethird wastewater dump,enough ullagewasavailable reach to end-of-mission plus39 hours. The EDOwastecollectionystem s (WCS)performed adequately; however,hree t anomalies ereidentifiedndtheseare discussed w a inthefollowing paragraphs. he T WCS wasremoved postflight andsentto thevendor forcleaning andrefurbishment.



Atapproximately 190:13:09:45 .m.t.(00:20:26:45 ET),theEDOWCScommode G M faultlightindicated problem a during thethird compactionycle(Flight c Problem STS-65-V-03A).Dataindicated thatthecompactor piston hadstopped approximately at the bottom thetransport of tube,ormidway inthe retractiontroke.Thecrew s inspected thetransport tubeforhardware damage andfound none,andtheyreported thatthe piston wasdownapproximatelyto 8 inches 7 inside thetransport tubewiththe previouslyompactedaghovering c b approximately of thewaydowninthe 5/8 compactor canister. Thecompactor piston wasmanuallyotated r downward approximately seventurns, ndthe piston a wasthenretracted intothecompactor housing withnobinding noted.Also,an inspection fordamageshowed none. The crewconfigured thesystem fornormal perations, o andthecommode ompactor c operations erenominal w forthe remainder themission. of Lateintheflight day3 activities, crewreported the thattheyexperienced ifficulty d in replacing thecommode odor/bacteria filterduring thescheduled changeout (Flight Problem STS-65-V-03B).During flight ay4, another rewmember d c examined thefilter andreported thatthefilterwasoutoftolerance, butitcould beforced intoposition. However, different parefilterwasinstalled a s atthattime. During flight day12 activities, thecrewinstalledheout-of-tolerance t filterusing somesurgical lubricant on the grommet long a withonecrewmember pushing thefilterandanother crewmember twisting thefilter.


Onflight ay6, thecrewreported d smelling odors wheneverhe commode asrunning. t w Thecrewchanged thecommode odor/bacteria filterandinstalled charcoal a filterinthe atmospheric revitalization system (ARS)inplaceof theLiOHfilter; thesituation as w improved somedegree.Thenextday,thecrewchanged to theEDOplenum filterand reported thattheodors wereeliminated. At 202:15:36:43 .m.t.(12:22:53:43 G MET),WCSfanseparator exhibited unusual I an signature ndthecrewreported gurgling a a noise andodorfromfanseparator during 1 operation (Flight Problem STS-65-V-3C).Dataindicated liquid wasstillinthebowl whenthefanseparator hutdown. Twofanseparator ycles s c wereimmediately performed, andtheseparator pmdidnotreach normal peedduring r the s eithercycle. Onthethird cycle,the urinal anshutdown f threeminutes beforetheseparatorumed t off. Thiscaused theurinalaultlightto illuminate. ollowing f F thisoccurrence, thecrew switched fanseparator , which to 2 wasusedfortheremainder f themission.During o postflight activities onthedayfollowing landing,iquid l backflow fromthewastetank through thecheck valves occurred whenthewatertankswererepressurized forsupply watersampling. four-gallon A reduction fthewastewaterquantity o wasnoted, nd a wateroverflowed the middeck into area. Themiddeck areawascleaned and disinfected. TheARS performed satisfactorily throughout mission. the
Smoke Detection and Fire Suppression Subsystem The smokedetectionsystemshowedno indications smokegenerationduringthe of flight. However,the leftflightdecksmokedetectorconcentration indication dropped off-scalelowfortwo seconds,followed14 secondslater by negativespikesfora period of five seconds(FlightProblemSTS-65-V-10). Also,afterlanding,a masteralarmwas receivedfromthe left flightdeck smokedetectorwithno concentration change observedin the data. Data evaluationhas not shownthe causeof thesemomentary drops. Use of the fire suppression systemwas not required. Airlock Support System



Useof theairlock support ystem s components wasnotrequired because no extravehicular activity wasperformed.Theactive system monitor arameters p indicated normal utputs o throughout mission. the
Avionics and Software Support System

The integrated guidance, navigationndcontrol a system performed nominally. TS-65 S wasthefirstflight f the OI-23software o anditsperformance asnominal.Oneissue w wasnotedanditisdiscussed inthe MainPropulsionystem S section ofthisreport. No in-flight anomalies erenotedinthe system. w F--_



All fiveprogrammed testinputs(PTIs)forDTO251 (EntryAerodynamic ontrol urface C S Test - AlternateElevonSchedule)(Part7) wereexecuted.The subsonicmaneuverfor DTO254 (Subsonic Aerodynamics Verification) asalsosuccessfully w performed. The flight controlsubsystemperformednominally.The aft RCSvernierthrusterR5D failed off and the causeis believedto be an anomalyin the reaction driver,the jet multiplexerldemultiplexer, the wiringbetweenthesecomponents.This anomalyis or discussedin the ReactionControlSubsystem sectionof thisreport.
I =


IMUs2 and 3 operatedproperly;however,the flightsoftwareissuedan IMU1 redundantrate fail at 199:12:36:12.7 G.m.t.(09:19:53:12.7 MET)and one secondlater, RM declaredIMU1 failedand deselectedit (FlightProblemSTS-65-V-04). Examinationof the filteredredundantgyro monitordata,whichis usedby the general purposecomputer(GPC)to determinethe failure,indicated that the datawere in excessof the fail limitof 0.7 deg/hrfor a periodof22 seconds, hichis consistent ith w w • the redundantrate fail. Dataalsoshowedthat thefrequencyand lengthof theseBITEs continuedto increase;however,the platformvaluesretumedto normalvaluesafterthe BITEcleared. Late in the mission,the drift duringtransientswasas greatas 30 sigma withthe longestBITElasting93 minutes. On flightday 13,datafrom one of the events showeda platformdrift of 0.08degree,and asa result,the FlightControlTeaminvoked FlightRule8-39, and IMU 1was declaredfailedfor entryplanningpurposes. Priorto entryat 204:03:34G.m.t.(14:10:51 MET),IMU1was modedto standbyfor 13minutes andbackto operateinan attempt o recover ominal t n operation. he IMUcontinued T operating notedpreviouslyndwasrealigned as a periodically assure to thatplatform misalignments caused bydrifttransients idnotexceedRMthresholds. d Anagreement was reached leaveallthreeIMUsselected to forentryandto allowRM software to controlMUselection I during entry. IMU 1 operated satisfactorily withnoBITE indications during entry.The IMUwasremoved fromthevehicle andhasbeensentto a ground-test facility. Thestartracker performance asnominal swasthe dataprocessing w a system (DPS) hardware andflight software. Thedisplays andcontrols ubsystem s performed nominally. At 203:06:55G.m.t.(013:14:12 MET),theaftportpayload bayfloodlight wascycled on, butthelightdidnotilluminate. ataindicate D arcing duetolossof backfillnthe i floodlight. helightwillbe replaced T during turnaroundperations. o Communications ndTrackinqSubsystems a Thecommunications andtracking subsystems performed nominally.


During prelaunch operations, FMsystem the 1transmitter exhibited utput-power o fluctuationsetween14 and16 watts(16wattsnominal).FMsystem wasusedfor b 1

ascent nd itperformed a nominally. n-orbit, O theFMsystem transmitter 1 again exhibited fluctuating transmitter output ower p withnodegradation inthedatanoted. However, Msystem wasselected F 2 andusedforthe remainder themission. of Operationalnstrumentation/Modular I AuxiliaryDataSystem Theoperational instrumentation (OI)/modular auxiliary datasystem (MADS) subsystemserformeddequately. woin-flight p a T anomalies erenotedandare w discussed inthefollowing aragraphs. p At approximately 191:12:30 G.m.t.(01:19:47 MET),thego-to-mark ommand c wassent tothesystem control odule m (SCM)forexecution. heSCMexecuted T thecommand which positions Orbiter the Experiments (OEX)recorderoa pre-determinedoint t p for recordingata. At 191:21:08 d G.m.t.(02:04:25 MET),thego-to-mark ommand c was againsentto theSCMfor execution. hecommands T wereverified, utthecommands b werenotexecuted bytheSCM. TheSCMwaspower cycled andthego-to-mark command wasagaincommanded ithout uccess w s (Flight roblem P STS-65-V-01).With theSCMmalfunction, allOEX on-orbit ndentrydatawerelost. Postlanding, a the batteryboard wasremoved anda power cyclewascommanded totheSCM,and successful SCMoperations ererestored. ftertherecorded w A dataweredumped, the Iockup condition asreproduced iththebatteryboard w w removed using thesame redundant command sequence usedon-orbit. histestproved as T thatthe battery boardwasnotat fault. Asa result, Shuttle a Operational DataBook(SODB)addition willbe madeto document thecommand sequence limitations. At201:00:34 G.m.t.(011:07:51 MET),poorquality dumpdatawerereceived from track2 of Operations (OPS)recorder whiledumping 2 atthe 8:1ratioandwasevident in both forward the andreverse directions through Ku-band channel (Flight roblem 2 P STS-65-V-07).Goodqualitydatawerereceived whendumping the1:1ratiothrough at a ground site. Asa result, PS recorder (tracks through O 2 3 14)wasusedas an acquisitionf signal(AOS)recorderortheremainder fthe mission. hepostlanding o f o T dumpof track2 of thisrecorderhrough t theT-O umbilical both8:1and1:1wasnot at successful. Track2 wasre-recorded inbothdirectionsndwasthendumped. a Degraded dataqualitywasagainobserved bothdirections iththe reverse in w direction worsethanthe forward direction. herecorder asremoved T w andsenttothe NASA Shuttle Logistics epot(NSLD)to verify D thefailure.Withpositive verification from NSLDofthe problem,hehardware t willbesenttothevendor forfailureanalysis and repair. StructuresandMechanical ubsystems S Thestructuresndmechanical a subsystemserformedatisfactorily p s during mission. the Thelanding andbraking dataareshown inthetableonthefollowing age. p



The dragchutewasdeployed nominallyt 204:10:38:08.0 a G.m.t.,approximately 8 seconds aftertouchdownnd10seconds a prior tonosegeartouchdown. drag The chute operated properly andwasjettisoned4.6 seconds 2 afterdeployment a ground at speedof52.9 knots. Landinqand BrakinqParameters From Parameter threshold, Speed, Sinkrate,ft/sec Pitchrate, ft keas deg/sec Maingeartouchdown 3025 199.2 ~3 N/A Nosegeartouchdown 8313 131.6 N/A 4.90 Brakeinitiationpeed s 110.0knots (keas) Brake-on time 44.4 seconds Rollout istance d 10,211feet Rolloutime t 68 seconds Runway 33 (Concrete) KSC Orbiter eightat landing w 229r308feet Peak Brakesensor pressure, Brakeassembly Energy, location psia million ft-lb Left-hand inboard 1 960 Left-hand outboard 18.04 Left-hand inboard 3 1140 Left-hand inboard 15.80 Left-hand outboard 2 1080 Right-hand inboard 17.96 Left-hand outboard 4 1164 Right-handutboard o 20.75 Right-hand inboard 1 876 Right-hand inboard 3 888 Right-hand outboard 2 960 Right-hand outboard 4 960
Inteqrated Aerodynamics, Heatinqand Thermal Interface


The ascent ndentry a aerodynamics werenominal withnoproblems, anomalies, or unexpectedonditions c identified inthedata. Approximately seconds 57 afterliftoff, a largecondensation cloud wasobserved, andthe cloud hasbeenattributed tothe vehicle interaction iththe moist tmosphere. w a Theexpansion f theflowfieldcaused o thecreation anicecrystal loud, hich of c w wasnosafety threattothe mission. During entry,DTO251 Part7 - EntryAerodynamic Control urfaces S Test- Alternate Elevon Schedule wasconducted. Allfiveof theplanned PTIswerecompleted. lso A during entry,DTO254 Part2 - Subsonic erodynamics A Verification asconducted w during finalapproach a velocity Mach0.55. Thepreliminarynalysis thisDTO at of a of shows vehicle the response ompares ellwiththatpredicted c w fromthe AmesVertical Motion SimulatorVMS). (



Theaerodynamicndplumeheating a during ascent haseofthe mission the p was nominal, asedonthe evaluation f vehicle b o telemetry dataandthe physical appearance ftheplumes. The entryaerodynamic o heating wasnominal, utheating b calculations arecontinuing. OEXentrydataareavailable No forevaluation because of thefailure oftheMADSrecorder. Theperformance thethermalinterfaces of was nominal withall temperatures ithin w limits.
Thermal Control Subsystem


The thermalcontrolsystemperformance asnominal w andall Orbiter ubsystem s temperatures eremaintained ithin w w acceptable limits.

The entryacreage andlocalheating werewithinlimits. Allstructural temperatures werenominal, theTPSdamage waswithin experience, andthetrajectory ndcontrol a surfaceparameters erenominal.The potential w fora structural over-temperature condition asindicatedfrom w theTPS damageontheleading edgeof the left-hand OMS pod. Therewasnoelevoncoveoverheating. owever, lackof MADSdata H the prevents detailed a analysis ofthisarea. ThermalProtection Subsystem TheTPS performed satisfactorily. Basedonstructural temperature response data (temperature rise),theentryheating wasslightly below average.Peaktemperatures werealsobelowaverage andat orneara minimum forthisvehicle somelocations, in indicatingelatively r lowpre-entry temperatures. Boundaryayertransition l fromlaminar toturbulent flowcould notbe determined because ofthefailureoftheOEX recorder system control module. Basedonpreliminary datafromthe runway inspection, overall ebris d damage was aboveaverage.Preliminary datashowed impacts nthelowersurface the 86 o of vehicle (average 93 hits),andthenumber = ofimpacts witha majordimensionf I inch o orgreater was 18 (average 15). Themostnotable = damage siteonthevehicle was located onthe leading edgeof theOMS pod,wherethedamagemeasured inches 6 by 3 inches by2 inches.Thisdamagesiteextended downintothe densified layerof the tile. The nosecapand"chinpanel"tileareaswere ingoodcondition. The chinpanelto nosecapgapfillerwasin excellent condition. hegapat thislocation as nominal. T w Theleft-hand mainlanding geardoor(MLGD)thermalbarriers (old,bonded design) hadextensive breaching ontheforward andaft ends.Theright-hand LGDthermal M


t"-_ '

barriers (new,mechanically ttached a design) eredamaged several reas,andsix w in a barrier egments s willbe replaced. nAmesgapfillerwasprotruding A justforward the of right-hand LGD. Theelevon M coveareawasin good condition ithnoabnormalities w thatcould related be totheDTO251 up-elevon schedule. nelargeimpact amage O d siteontheright-hand inboard elevon willresultn replacement theelevon.Twotiles i of onthelowerleading edgestructural system (LESS)panel8 haddamaged comers, local ileglazing, ndhardened t a "horse collar _gapfillers.Discoloration wasnotedtobe morethanusualontheupperinboard elevons, butthefeltreusable surface insulation (FRSI)wasstillresilient.Noobvious PS damages T orconfiguration problems were notedontheTPS surrounding left-hand ater/urine umpports. the w d TheET doorthermalbarriers werein nominal condition overall.A left-hand door ET hinge-line tilesustained largeareaof damageonthe lipofthetile. a Theengine dome-mounted heatshield lankets b weredamaged inthefollowing areas: a. SSME1from5 to 7 o'clock; b. SSME2 at 3 o'clock; nd a c. SSME3 at 1 o'clock. Baseheatshield tilepeppering asnormal. lso,dragchute w A deployment caused no tiledamage.Windows and4 exhibited 3 moderate-to-heavy hazing, ndwindows a 2 and5 exhibited light-to-moderate hazing.Onlya lighthazewaspresent ntheother o windows.



REMOTEMANIPULATOR SYSTEM The remotemanipulator system (RMS)wasnotflown ontheSTS-65mission.




FLIGHTCREWEQUIPMENT/GOVERNMENT FURNISHED EQUIPMENT Theflight crewequipment performed adequately. nomalies A thatoccurred intheflight crewequipment discussed are inthefollowing aragraphs. p The crewreported 191:14:39 at G.m.t.(01:21:56 MET)thattheArriflexcamera(16mm) filmmagazine (S/N1016)hadjammed (Flight roblem P STS-65-F-01).Themalfunction procedure toclearthejamwas performeduccessfully; s however, thejam recurred a shorttimelater.Thefilmmagazine wasreplaced andnormal peration o wasrestored. Thefailedmagazine wasstowed andretumed postflight for analysis. Thecrewreported 192:23:33 at G.m.t.(03:06:50 MET)thatthe70 mmHasselblad camerahadjammed andthe lenscould notberemoved (Flight roblem P STS-65-F-02A). hecrewperformed T twoIFM procedures inan unsuccessful attempt to restore normal amera c operation. dditional A procedures werecalleduptothecrew, andthecrewwasableto restore normal perations sing o u theseprocedures. owever, H theshutter ontrol c button cameapartonthecamera,anda smallspring andretaining ringwerelostontheflight eckwhilerepairing d thecamera(Flight Problem STS-65-F02B). At 193:00:44 G.m.t.(03:17:49MET),thecrewreported thatthe camerahad jammed againandthelenscould notbe removed. hecrew T wasabletoremove the lensfromthebodyusing IFM procedurefterwhich crewdetermined an a the that neitherhe lensnorthebodywereworking t properly. sa result, cameraandlens A the werestowed fortherestofthe mission. Closedcircuitelevision t (CCTV)cameraD experienced intermittent degradationfthe o horizontal synchronization (Flight Problem STS-65-F-03).Thisconditionaused c the NASAGround Terminal loselock,which to inturnresulted incolor shifting (tearing) f o thepicture. At 195:22:20 G.m.t.(06:05:37 MET),thecrewreportedhatthe left-aftfastener t (from crewpersonerspective) p onthe ergometer failed(Flight Problem STS-65-F-04).The crewexchangedhepositionsf the failedleft-aftfastener ndthe right-forward t o a fastener.Thefailedfastener hadseveral hreads t remaining thatallowed itsuseinthe right-forwardosition. sa result,heergometer asusable p A t w fortheremainder f the o mission. Thecrewreported thatthe galleyrehydration station (RHS)didnotdispense old c water,buthotwaterwasdispensed normallyFlight roblem ( P STS-65-F-05).After galley powerwascycled,hegalleydispensed ounceof coldwaterwheneither t 112 the 8-ounce or7.5-ounce dispense quantities ereselected.Thecrewperformed w an additional malfunctionrocedure, p andnormal peration o wasrestored forthe remainder of themission.



CARGOINTEGRATION Integration ardware h performance asnominal w throughout themission withno anomalies recorded.




DEVELOPMENT TESTOBJECTIVES/DETAILED SUPPLEMENTARY OBJECTIVES A totalof 16development testobjectives (DTOs)and16 detailed supplementary objectivesDSOs)wereassigned theSTS-65mission. atawerecollected ( to D on15 of the 16 DTOs,andonall 16 DSOs. Thefollowing paragraphsiscusshe results, d t if known,or eachDTOandDSO. f DEVELOPMENT ESTOBJECTIVES T DTO251 - EntryAerodynamic ontrol urfaces C S Test-AltemateElevon Schedule (Part7) - Allfiveof theplanned PTIswereperformed. hepreliminary nalysis T a of thesedatashowthevehicle response compares ellwiththatpredicted w fromtheAmes VMS. Datahavebeengiven thesponsororevaluation, to f andthe results willbe reported separate in documentation. DTO254 - Subsonic erodynamics A Verification (Part2) - Thesubsonic aneuver m was performed during thefinalapproach landing. hedataweregivento thesponsoror to T f evaluation.Initial esults r indicatehattheaileron t andrudder inputs wereas expected. Thefinalresults ofthisDTOwillbe published separate in documentation.


DTO301D - Ascent tructural S Capability valuationThiswasa data-only E DTOand datawerecollected forthisDTO. Thedataweregiventothesponsororanalysis f and evaluation. heresults theevaluation T of willbepublished inseparate documentation. DTO307D- EntryStructural Capability EvaluationThiswasa data-only DTOand datawerecollected forthisDTO. Thedataweregiventothesponsororanalysis f and evaluation. he results theevaluation T of willbe published inseparate documentation.
DTO 312 - ET TPS Performance(Methods1 and 3) - A total of 38 frames of photographic data were obtained of the ET after separation. A 35 mm Nikon camera with a 300 mm lens and a 2X extender (Method3) were used to photograph the ET. The exposure of the ET is good on 26 frames and the rest are in deep shadow. The focus is variable, and timing data are on the film. The pictures were taken between 189:16:57:45 G.m.t. and 189:17:07:40 G.m.t. (00:00:14:45 MET and 00:00:24:40 MET).

The ET appeared be inverygoodshapewithnodivots to visible.Onframe9, a bright areato the leftofthe right SRBforward attach point appears tobe caused bysunglint. A redspotisdetectable charred ina areabelow noseconeonthreeframes. the Discussions withthe ETcontractor indicatehatthisareamayhavebeensanded. t Additional analysis willbeperformed bythe ET contractor.
In additionto the 35 mm photographicdata, 43 secondsof video of the ET (after separation)were downlinked bythe crew. Noanomalieson the ET surface orTPS were detected; however,the exposureofthe ET is dark. Also, motionor jitter of the ET



hampered analysis.The aftdome,+X,-Y, and-Z areasof theET wereimaged, Typical harring c onthe ET aftdomeisvisible. DTO319D- Orbiter/Payload AccelerationndAcoustics nvironment a E Data - Thiswas a data-only DTO,anddatawererecorded thisDTO. Thedatahavebeengivento for thesponsororevaluation. he results f T ofthe evaluation illbe published w inseparate documentation. DTO414 - APUShutdown Test(Sequence - TheAPUswereshutdown A) inthe proper equence s (APU2, APU 1, andAPU3). Dataevaluation showed noindicationf o PDUbackdriving. ThisDTOwillcontinueobe performed twosequence t until A's (APU2, APU 1,andAPU3 inthatorder)andtwosequence B's(APU3, APU1, and APU2 inthatorder)havebeencompleted. DTO623 - CabinAirMonitoringAllscheduled activities erecompleted ythecrew, w b andthedatahavebeengiventothesponsor evaluation. he results for T ofthe evaluation illbepublished w inseparate documentation. DTO655 - FootRestraint valuationThecrewcollected E dataforthisDTO andthe datahavebeengiven tothesponsororevaluation. he results theevaluation f T of will bepublished inseparate documentation. DTO663 - Acoustic NoiseDosimeter Data- Allscheduled datatakeswereperformed bythecrew,andthe datahavebeengiven thesponsor evaluation. he results to for T of theevaluation willbe published inseparate documentation. DTO665 - Acoustic NoiseSound LevelData - Allscheduled datatakeswere performed bythecrew,andthedatahavebeengiven tothesponsororevaluation. f Theresults oftheevaluation willbe published inseparate documentation. DTO667 - Portable In-Flight anding L Operations rainer- Thescheduled T sessions withthe PortableIn-Flight anding L Operationsrainer(PILOT)werecompleted T bythe assigned crewmembers. DTO674 - Thermo-Electric Liquid Cooling System EvaluationAllscheduled activities insupport f thisDTOwerecompleted, o andthe datahavebeengiventothe sponsor forevaluation. heresults theevaluation illbepublished separate T of w in documentation. DTO682 - InertialVibration Isolation System Theinertialvibration isolation system (IVIS)/cycle ergometer exercise sessions eresuccessfully w completed ythe b crewmembers. TheIVIS received favorable comments fromthe crew throughout the flight. During anexercise session onflight ay6, thecrewreported d thata fastener on thecycleergometer ardware h hadfailed.The crew wasableto exchangehefailed t




F"_ '

fastener withanotherastenerhatrequired f t lessthreads,hereby t making the cycle/ergometer usable fortherestof themission. DTO 805 - Crosswind anding L Performance ThisDTOof opportunity asnot w performedbecauseof the lowwindconditionsat KSC. DTO 913 - Microgravity Measurement Device -The Microgravity Measurement Device (MMD)wasusedto record vibrationsuring varietyof experiment d a operations including thecycle/ergometer whenitwashardmounted onesession for andmounted withthe IVISforthe remainder thesessions. hedatafilesweredownlinkedusing of T the portable audio datamodem (PADM). Thedatahavebeengiven tothe sponsor for the evaluation, andthe results oftheevaluation illbe published w inseparate documentation. DETAILED SUPPLEMENTARY OBJECTIVES DSO314 - OV-102Acceleration ataCollectionThe objective DSO314 wasto D of acquirehighresolutionccelerometer a package (HiRAP)datato furthercharacterize the low-frequency accelerationnvironment e intheOrbiter thatresults fromcrewactivities andvehicle operations. Theplanned data-collection periods included thecrew push-offoadtest,a vehicle l attitude deadband changefrom1.0degreeto0.5 degree, andsixcrewexercise sessions ontheergometer, which wasusedwiththe newly developed IVIS. The HiRAPoperations erecontrolled yuplink w b commandsouted r through SCM,which the alsocontrolledyOEX recorder b thatrecorded HiRAP the data. The SCMexperiencedn anomaly a onflightday3 thatprecluded further operation the HiRAPandrecorder.Datafromthreeofthe sixcrewexercise of periods wereobtained prior tothefailure.Attemptso revive t theSCMwereunsuccessful; consequently, nootherdatacould obtained. be DSO326 -Window ImpactObservationAll scheduled observations ofthewindows weremade,andthedatahavebeengiven theDSOsponsor. oimpacts any to N of significance erefound, ndnowindows illrequire w a w replacement. DSO484 - Assessment f Circadian o Shifting inAstronauts yBrightLight- This DSO b wasperformed during preflight the andpostflight activities. he results thisDSO T of havebeengiven tothesponsororevaluation, f andthe results ofthe evaluation illbe w published inseparate documentation. DSO485 - InterMarsTissueEquivalent Proportional Counter The InterMarsTissue Equivalent Proportional Counter ITEPC)collected ( radiation datathroughout theflight. Thesedatahavebeengiven tothesponsororevaluation, f andthe results the of evaluation willbe reported inseparate documentation.



DSO487 - Immunological Assessment ofCrewmembersDatawerecollected forthis DSOduring prelaunch the andpostflight periods.Thesedatahavebeengiven the to sponsororevaluation, f andthe results theevaluation illbe reported separate of w in documentation. DSO491 - Characterization Microbial of Transfer mongCrewmembers uring A D Spaceflight Datawerecollected forthisDSOduring theprelaunch and postflight periods.Thesedataweregiventothesponsororevaluation, f andthe results the of evaluation illbe reported separate w in documentation. DSO603 - Orthostatic Function during Entry, anding L andEgress Datawere collected forthisDSO,andthesedatahavebeengiven thesponsororevaluation. to f The results ofthe evaluation willbe published inseparate documentation. DSO604 - Visual-Vestibular Integrations a Function f AdaptationDatawere a o collected forthisDSO,andthesedatahavebeengiven tothesponsororevaluation. f Theresults ofthe evaluation willbepublished inseparate documentation. DSO605 - Postural quilibrium E Control uringLanding D andEgress Datawere collected forthisDSOduring landing the andegress activities. hesedataweregiven T tothesponsororevaluation, f andtheresults the evaluation illbe published of w in separate documentation. DSO608 - Effects SpaceFlight nAerobic of o andAnaerobic Metabolism During Exercise Operational exercise sessions erecompleted w throughout theflightbyall crewmembers. Exercise startandstoptimes werereported coordinate iththe to w SAMSexperiment andtheMMD (DTO913). TheCommander, Pilot, ndMission a Specialist participated DSO608. Allsessions erecompleted. he lastDSO608 2 in w T session scheduled forthe Pilotwasperformed withtheergometer ardmounted.The h datafromtheseoperations avebeengiventothesponsor analysis. he results h for T of thatanalysis willbe published separate in documentation. DSO610 - In-Flight ssessment RenalStoneRisk- Allscheduledctivities A of a in support f thisDSOwerecompleted, o andthedatahavebeengiven tothe sponsor for evaluation. he results T ofthe evaluation illbepublished w inseparate documentation. DSO614 - The Effectof Prolonged SpaceFlight nHeadandGazeStability.Data o werecollected during prelaunch the andpostflight periods insupport fthisDSO. o Thesedatahavebeengivento thesponsor evaluation, for andthe results the of evaluation willbe published separate in documentation. DSO626 - Cardiovascular andCerebrovascular Responses toStanding Beforeand AfterSpaceFlight Datawerecollected during prelaunchndpostflight the a periods, andthesedataweregiven thesponsororevaluation, to f andthe results ofthe evaluation ill be reportedinseparate w documentation.





DSO901 - Documentaryelevision All scheduled T activities support f thisDSO in o werecompleted. hevideodatahavebeengiven thesponsor T to forevaluation, and the results thatevaluation illbe reported of w inseparate documentation. DSO902 - Documentary otion M Picture Photography - Allscheduledctivities a in support f thisDSOwerecompleted. he photographic o T datahavebeengiventothe sponsororevaluation, f andtheresults ofthatevaluation illbe reported w inseparate documentation. DSO903 - Documentary tillPhotographyAll scheduled S activities insupportofthis DSOwerecompleted. he photographic T datahavebeengiven tothesponsor for evaluation, andthe results ofthatevaluation willbe reported inseparate documentation.






The STS-65mission waslaunched fromComplex A onJuly8, 1994. Onlaunch 39 day,24 videos thelaunch of activities erescreened w andnoanomalies werenoted. Following launch the dayscreeningctivities, of54 planned a 53 filmswerealso screened.Onecamerafailedandthefilmwaslost. Noanomalies erenotedinthe w review ofthevideoandphotographic data. ON-ORBITPHOTOGRAPHY NDVIDEODATAANALYSIS A Nosignificant on-orbit videoorphotographic recorded eventswereobserved that required analysis.Videoandphotographic datafromDTO312wereevaluated. LANDINGPHOTOGRAPHY NDVIDEODATAANALYSIS A Landing ofthe STS-65Orbiter asdelayed w onedaybecause ofweather constraints. The STS-65mission wasconcluded nJuly23, 1994witha landing KSC. Twelve o at videosplusNASASelectof theOrbiter approach andlanding wereevaluated.In addition, landing 15 filmswerealsoscreened.NoOrbiter anomalies erenotedin any w ofthephotographic orvideodata.



,("_ Event APUActivation SRBHPUActivation a

TABLEI.- STS-65MISSION EVENTS Description APU-1GGchamber ressure p APU-2GGchamber ressure p APU-3GGchamber ressure p LH HPUSystem startcommand A LH HPUSystem Bstartcommand RH HPUSystem Astartcommand RH HPUSystem Bstartcommand ME-3Startcommandccepted a ME-2Startcommand accepted ME-1Startcommandccepted a Calculated SRBignitionommand c Actual ime,G.m.t. t 189:16:38:12.74 189:16:38:13.61 189:16:38:14.59 189:16:42:32.083 189:16:42:33.243 189:16:42:33.403 189:16:42:33.563 189:16:42:53.437 189:16:42:53.585 189:16:42:53.704 189:16:43:00.013 189:16:43:03.078 189:16:43:03:104 189:16:43:03.105 189:16:43:26.478 189:16:43:26.505 189:16:43:26.506 189:16:43:51 189:16:44:00.718 189:16:44:00.745 189:16:44:00.746 189:16:44:57.613 189:16:44:58.453 189:16:45:00. 053 189:16:45:00. 723 189:16:45:03.493 189:16:45:03.493 189:16:45:04 189:16:50:32.081 189:16:50:32.110 189:16:50:32.113 189:16:50:37.7 189:16:51:24.241 189:16:51:24,271 189:16:51:24.274 189:16:51:30.671 189:16:51:30.674 189:16:51:30.721 189:16:51:31 189:16:51:31 189:16:51:50

MainPropulsion System Start a SRBIgnition Command (Liftoff) Throttle upto 104Percent Thrust a

ME-3Commandccepted a ME-1Commandccepted a ME-2Commandccepted a Throttle down to ME-3Commandccepted a 67 Percent hrust T a ME-1Command ccepted a ME-2Command ccepted a Maximum Dynamic Pressure Derivedascent ynamic ressure d p


Throttle upto 104Percent a ("_ BothSRM'sChamber Pressuret 50 psia a EndSRMAction a

SRBPhysical Separation a SRBSeparation ommand C ThrottleDown for 3gAcceleration a 3,qAcceleration Throttle Down to 67 Percent hrust T a SSMEShutdown a MECO ETSel0aration aMSFCsupplied data

ME-3Command ccepted a ME-1Command ccepted a ME-2Command ccepted a RH SRMchamber ressure p mid-range select LHSRMchamber pressure mid-rangeelect s RH SRMchamber ressure p mid-rangeelect s LHSRMchamber ressure p mid-range select LH rateAPUturbine speed LOS RH rateAPUturbine peed- LOS s SRBseparationommand c flag ME-3commandccepted a ME-1commandccepted a ME-2commandccepted a Totalloadfactor ME-3commandccepted a ME-1commandccepted a ME-2commandccepted a ME-1commandccepted a ME-2commandccepted a ME-3commandccepted a MECOcommand flag MECOconfirm flag El"separationommand c flag


TABLEI.- STS-65MISSIONEVENTS(Continued) Event APUDeactivation OMS-1Ignition OMS-1Cutoff OMS-2Ignition OMS-2Cutoff Payload BayDoors (PLBDs) Open Flight ontrol ystem C S Checkout APUStart APUStop Payload BayDoors Close Payload BayDoorsReopen OMS-3Ignition OMS-3Cutoff OMS-4Ignition OMS-4Cutoff Payload BayDoors Close (Second time) APUActivation Entry for Deorbit urnIgnition B Deorbit urnCutoff B EntryInterface (400Kfeet) Blackout end Terminal AreaEnergy MainLanding Gear Contact MainLanding Gear WeiQht nWheels o Description APU-2GGchamber ressure p APU1 GGchamber ressure p APU3 GGchamber ressure p Leftengine bi-prop valveposition Rightengine bi-prop valveposition Leftengine bi-prop valveposition Rightengine bi-prop valveposition Leftengine bi-prop valveposition Rightengine bi-prop valveposition Leftengine bi-prop valveposition Right ngine e bi-prop valveposition PLBDfight pen1 o PLBDleftopenI APU-1GGchamber ressure p APU-1GGchamber ressure p PLBDleftcloseI PLBDrightcloseI PLBDfightopen1(BFS) PLBDleftopen1 (BFS) Leftengine bi-prop valveposition Rightengine bi-prop valveposition Leftengine bi-prop valveposition Right engine bi-prop valveposition Leftengine bi-prop valveposition Right ngine e bi-prop valveposition Leftengine bi-prop valveposition Right ngine e bi-prop valveposition PLBDright loseI c PLBDleftcloseI APU-2GGchamber ressure p APU-1GGchamber ressure p APU-3GGchamber ressure p Leftengine bi-prop valveposition Right ngine e bi-prop valveposition Leftengine bi-prop valveposition Rightengine bi-prop valveposition Current rbital ltitude o a above Datalocked (high samplerate) Majormode change (305) LHmainlanding geartirepressure 1 RH main landing geartirepressure 2 LHmainlanding gearweight nwheels o RH main landing gearweight nwheels o Actual ime_ t G.m.t. 189:16:58:58.97 189:16:59:11.11 189:16:59:20.23 Notperformed directnsertion i trajectory flown 189:17:22:55.2 189:17:22:55.2 189:17:25:16.5 189:17:25:16.7 189:18:10:45 189:18:12:04 202:07:36:15.04 202:07:43:28.70 203:07:08:29 203:07:10:39 203:11:27:54 203:11:29:13 203:12:47:44.1 203:12:47:44.2 203:12:48:16.2 203:12:48:16.2 203:13:32:42.2 203:13:32:42.2 203:13:33:12.6 203:13:33:12.8 204:07:06:52.174 204:07:09:02.609 204:09:35:59.188 204:09:53:13.526 204:09:53:15.293 204:09:40:38.3 204:09:40:38.3 204:09:43:11.1 204:09:43:11.1 204:10:06:06 Noblackout 204:10:31:32 204:10:38:00 204:10:38:00 204:10:38:00 204:10:38:01




/F_, Event

TABLEI.- STS-65MISSIONEVENTS(Continued) Description Dragchute deploy CPVolts 1 NLGLHtirepressure 1 NLGweight nwheels o I Dragchute jettison CPVolts I Velocity ithrespect runway w to APU-1GGchamber ressure p APU-2GGchamber ressure p APU-3GGchamber ressure p Actual ime,G.m.t. t 204:10:38:08.0 204:10:38:17 204:10:38:18 204:10:38:42.6 204:10:39:09 204:10:58:10.85 204:10:58:12.14 204:10:58:13.79

DragChuteDeployment NoseLanding ear G Contact NoseLanding ear G WeightOnWheels DragChuteJettison WheelStop APUDeactivation



Comments During OEX recorder commanding, theOEX System Control Module (SCM)stopped executing ommands. c Power cycles, oftware s resetsandrecovery ommands c didnotrestore SCMoperation. ofurther N on-orbit, entryorpostlanding datafromMADS,AlP,and ACIP/HIRAP (DSO-314) ererecorded.Normal w postflight datadumpattempt otsuccessful. n SCM recovered andOEXrecorder umped d afterbattery board removal. Symptoms erereproduced w with battery boardremoved using samecommand sequence s usedon-orbit.SODBaddition a to document commanding limitations inwork. STS-65-V-02 Supply WaterDumpNozzle 192:08:00 G.m.t. During thethirdsupply waterdump, hesupply t and Icing 002:15:17 MET waste waterdumpnozzle temperatures dropped IM65RF02 indicating icing.Thesupply waterdump was o= IPR73V-0017 terminated andnozzleheaters wereusedtoevaporate iceuntilnozzle temperatures returned tonormal,hen t a wastewaterdump wasperformed. upply S water dumps wereperformed using FESforthe the remainder ftheflight.Detailed o nozzleandTPS inspections showed evidence RTVdeterioration of as wellasdifferences inTPS configuration between vehicles.Flowrateandspraypattem verifications wereperformed. STS-65-V-03 WCS Problems 193:06:06 G.m.t. Compactor piston stopped themidway at point during A. Commode FaultDuring 003:13:23 MET piston retraction uring d thethirdcompactionycle c Compaction ycle C IM65RF10 resulting a Commode in Faultindication. Crew manually retracted piston andfoundnoproblems during compactor, piston, ndtransport a tube inspection. Compactor operations erenominalor w f remainder themission.Possible of operation error identified bycrewduring debriefing. artsof a P sheared rollpinfoundinside theouteredgeof piston during OMRSDcleaning.NoKSCaction.

No. Title STS-65-V-01 OEXSystem Control Module Stopped Executing Commands LEVELIII CLOSURE

Reference 191:21:18 G.m.t. 002:04:25 MET IM 65RF01 IPR73V-0003



Title B.Commode Filter Anomalies ndOdor a Management

Reference IM 65RF03

Comments Thefirstreplacement commode dorbacteria o filter (SINTBD)didnotfitandtheoriginalascent)ilterwas ( f reinstalled. Thefilterwassuccessfully installed on flightday12 aftera lubricant wasapplied tothe grommet ndthefilterremained a installed through entry. Otherreplacement filtersdidnotencounter interference. lenum P filterreplacement and installationfan additional o ARScharcoal anister c wereperformedo control t odors. sedplenum U filter wascleananddrybutretained odors.No KSCaction. Crewreported gurgling noise andodorfromfan separator during 1 operation nflightday 13. Data o indicate normalanstart-up f butIowseparator rum d speed. Liquid backflow mayhaveoccurred through the dualfanseparator outletcheckvalves 1 afterthe previous usefor 10 seconds resulting flooding in ofthe fanseparator. hefanseparator bowlwasstill T I pumping liquid normalshutdown at time. Thecrew attempted clearfanseparator byrestarting to I without success.Fanseparator wasusedforthe remainder 2 of themission.Liquid backflow fromthewastetank through thecheck valves occurred onedayafter landing whenwatertankswererepressurized for supply watersampling resulting a 4-gallon in wastetankquantity reductionndoverflow a intothe middeck area. Accessible lumbing p drained prior toWCS removalorshipment f tothevendor. Numerousransientedundant t r rateBITEmessages weregenerated whenthe IMU-1(SIN204) azimuth gymexperiencedpikes s exceeding 0.7°/hr.during latertransients. oKSCtroubleshooting. N IMU removed andshipped ISL. Symptoms to reproduced at ISL.

C. FanSeparator Stall I andLiquid Backflow

IM 65RF11 IPR 73V-0008 PR V070-2-18-0326

STS-65-V-04 IMU1 Redundant RateBite 199:12:36 G.m.t. 009:19:53MET IM 65RF04 PR GNC-2-18-0102


No. Title STS-65-V-05 RCSVemierThruster 5D R FailedOff

Reference 199:09:14 G.m.t. 009:16:31 MET IPR73V-0004

STS-65-V-06 LowWasteDumpFlow

198:07:06 G.m.t. 008:14:23 MET IM 65RF05 IPR73V-0016

STS-65-V-07 PoorDump Quality Operations ecorder R 2 Track2

201:00:34 G.m.t. 011:07:51 MET IM 65RF06 IPR73V-0005

STS-65-V-08 LH2 Manifold Pressure FollowingacuumInert V

189:17:23 G.m.t. 000:40:00 MET IPR73V-0014

Comments Vernier hruster 5Dwasfailedoffbythe RM. The t R thruster ashot-fired w successfully, thenreselected. Subsequent performance asnominal.Dataindicate w possible intermittent lossof R5Dcommand (enable) B signal.MDMFA2BSRwaspolled andindicated that nofaultswererecorded.KSCtroubleshooting didnot reproduce theanomaly. Thesecond wastewaterdumpwasinitiated at 198:06:33 G.m.t.(008:13:50 MET)andwasperformed inthreesegments. hedumpratedegraded T during the second segment fthedumpandwasnominal o during thethirdsegment.A thirdwastewaterdump wasperformed 202:05:39 at G.m.t.(12:12:56MET)in 7 segments, allwitha degraded dumpflowrate. Nozzleinspection, waterflushandsample,urinesolids filterremoval ndcitric a acidflushwere performed. Poorquality datawerereceived fromtrack2 of OPS recorder during dumpat an 8:1ratioin both 2 a the reverse andforward directions. oodquality G data werereceived with1:1ratiodumpthrough ground site. Tracks through onOPS recorder wereusedas 3 14 2 anAOSrecorder.Postflight dumpthrough at 8:1 T-O and1:1fromtrack2 notsuccessful. rack2 reT recorded bothdirections, in anddumpreverse was worsethanforward withdegraded quality both in directions. ecorderemoved R r forshipment NSLD. to TheLH2manifold pressure roseto an unexpected igh h peakpressure 17 psiafollowingacuum of v inert. After reaching peakpressure, the theLH2 manifold pressure decreased fasterthanexpected.Firstuseof OI-23 software which included MPSdumpandvacuum inert sequence automation. TheOI-23 software was verified tohaveperformed designed as andLH2 system responses software to commands asnominal. w


.... J


No. Title STS-65-V-08 (Continued) STS-65-V-09 HighMPSHelium Usage During Entry

STS-65-V-10 LeftFlight eckSmoke D Detector ransients T

Comments LH2manifold largevolume decaycheck failedat 0.696 psi/hr(max.= 0.601psi/hr).Manifold reliefvalveleak checkandlargevolume decaycheckplanned. 204:10:29 G.m.t. A totalof 59.7 Ibof helium wasusedduring the 014:17:46MET 650-second system blowdown performed uring d entry. IPR 73V-0015 Nominal sageis55.7_ 1.1Ibfor OV-102. This u condition ascaused w bytheOI-23software change fromsingle todualregulationupply.FileIX OMRSD s changeplanned. 197:15:52 G.m.t. Theleftflightdecksmokedetector oncentration c 007:23:09 MET indication ropped d off-scale lowfortwoseconds followed seconds 14 laterbynegative spikes fora period offiveseconds. fterlanding, master A a alarm wasreceived fromtheleftflight decksmokedetector withnoconcentration change observed thedata. in The smoke detector asreplaced. w


No. STS-65-F-01


olo STS-65-F-03


TABLEIII.-GFEPROBLEM TRACKING LIST Title Reference Comments Arriflex CameraFilmMagazine 191:14:39 G.m.t. Crewreported mmArriflex 16 Camera film Jam 001:21:56MET magazine 1016jammed.Malfunction SIN procedure leared c jambutsubsequently recurred. Filmmagazine replaced, ormal peration n o restored.Filmmagazine SIN 1016stowed inthe 16 mmbagin locker L100. 70mmHasselblad amera C 192:23:33 G.m.t. A. Crewreported Hasselblad camera jammedMalfunctions 003:06:50MET unable remove to lens. An IFMto clearjamand remove lenswassuccessful; however, camera A. Camera Jammed/Lens Stuck andlensagainjammed 193:00:44 at G.m.t. Cameraandlensstowed forthe remainder of B. Shutter Trigger flight. Failed/Springost L B. Crewreported retaining the ringonthe Hasselblad camerashutter elease r plunger as w missing. Crewusedgraytapefor retention. During subsequent a attempto repair t thejammed cameraandlens,theshutter release button plunger pring s was lostontheaftflightdeck. CCTVCameraD Degraded 193:17:30 G.m.t. CCTVCameraD isexperiencing intermittent Horizontal Sync 004:00:47MET degradation f the horizontal o synchronization which caused NASAground the terminalNGT) ( framesynchronizer loselock,resulting to incolor shifting (tearing). Ergometer astener ailure F F 195:22:20 G.m.t. Crewreported leftaft fastener(fromseated 006:05:37 MET crewpersonerspective) p broken.Leftaft fastener swapped withright forward fastener.Ergometer wasusablefor remainder f mission. o

TABLEIII.-GFEPROBLEM TRACKING LIST No. Title Reference Comments STS-65-F-05 GalleyRHS Failedto Dispense 193:07:49 G.m.t. Crewreported galley rehydrationtation s (RHS) ColdWater 003:15:06 MET didnotdispense oldwaterbuthotwaterwas c dispensed ormally. ftergalleypower n A was cycled, alleydispensed ounceof coldwater g ½ wheneither8-ounce or7.5-ounce dispense quantities ereselected.Crewperformed w malfunctionrocedure hich p w restored nominal galleyRHSperformance.



ol r_

No. Title Ref.time Discussion STS-65-B-01 RH RSSSafeand Arm Ascent Theright-hand RangeSafetySystem SafeandArm DeviceLooseMounting devicehad two offour mountingfastenersthat were Fasteners not properlyseated. Gapsunderthe fastenerheads measured0.06 in.and 0.078 in.with the safetywire intact. Stressanalysisshowsflight loadare not sufficientto causethe gap. Fail-safeanalysisshows two remainingfastenerssufficientto retainsafe and arm deviceonthepanel. The safeandarmdevice mounting fasteners willbeinspectedoverifythatno t loose washers orgapsexist. STS-65-B-02 Broken fastener on Ascent Left-hand integratedlectronics e assembly (lEA)end LHAFT lEA EndCover cover hasonebroken fastener onthesystemstunnelsideof thecover.No evidence existsof water-impact damageinthisarea. Lossof this fastener oesnotcauselossof thecover; d however, generic implications toothercover fasteners willbe investigated. STS-65-M-01 Aft Segment tiffener Ascent Cracksaretypically eenat thecenterline cavity S s of A StubCrack crack wasfound onthe left-hand segmentoraft f wardstiffener ingstubextending r radically inward fromtheouterdiameter f thestub.The crack o was located 90.5degrees at andwasapproximately 114 inchdeep. Damageoccurred during splashdownndthe a damagewaslocated thecavity at collapse centerline. Splashdownamage d tothisstubandstiffener ings r wasmoreextensive thanistypically een. s


No. Title STS-65-M-01 AftSegment tiffener S (Continued) StubCrack


Discussion Cracks aretypically eenat thecenterline fcavity s o collapse; however, thiscrack wasunusualnthatit i occurred between holes. Thecracked section wasexcised andthepreliminary examination results indicatehatthecrack t was caused bystress corrosionftersplashdown, a withno indication anypre-existent of flaw. Thefinal geometry appears bea half-moon to shaped crack witha maximum depth approximately of 112inch. Thefracture surfacehadan intergranular structure indicating ydrogen-assisted h stress corrosion cracking (SCC). The probable crackinitiation location wasontheaft outerflangecorner andwas approximately 0.060-inch longby0.012-inch deep fromwhich itgrewinward approximately 0.25inch. Thecrack initiated during waterimpact amageand d grewduring towback dueto SCC. Allnecessary conditions SCCwerepresent,.e., residual for i tensile stress because waterimpact avity of c collapse loads, probable initiation location, damage protection to system (primer, aint, 5NA,Instafoam, p K etc.), corrosivenvironment e (saltwater)during towback, presence zincin primero helpaccelerate of t crack growth, andthesusceptibility the D6ACmaterialo of t SCC.


In anattempto define t theofficial swellasthe unofficial a sources datafor of thismission report,hefollowing t listisprovided. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.

Flight equirements R Document Public Affairs PressKit Customer upport oom S R DailyReports MERDailyReports MERMission Summary Report MERQuickLookReport MERProblem Tracking List MEREventTimes Subsystem Manager Reports/Inputs MODSystems Anomaly List MSFCFlashReport MSFCEvent imes T MSFCInterim Report CrewDebriefing comments Shuttle Operational DataBook




The followingis a list of the acronymsand abbreviations their definitionsas and theseitemsareusedin this document. AAEU AERIS AMOS AOS APCF APU ARS ATCS ATR BDPU BITE BSK BSR CCK CCTV CNES CPCG CPF CPR CRIM CSA DARA DCU DPS DSO DTO AV deg/hr EBP EDO EDOMP EOM EPDC ESA ET FCE FCP FCS FCV Aquatic AnimalExperiment nit U AmericanEchocardiograph Research ImagingSystem Air ForceMauiOpticalSite acquisitionof signal AdvancedProteinCrystallization Facility auxiliarypowerunit atmospheric revitalization system activethermalcontrolsystem automatic temperaturerecorder Bubble,Drop,and ParticleUnit built-intest equipment Biostack BITEstatusread cell culturekit closed circuitelevision t French SpaceAgency Commercial Protein Crystal rowth G Critical ointFacility P Commerciaal Refrigerator/Incubator Module Canadian SpaceAgency German SpaceAgency digital ontrol c unit dataprocessing system Detailed Supplementary Objective Developmental TestObjective differential velocity degreeperhour electrode buffer pump Extended Duration Orbiter Extended Duration Orbiter Medical roject P end-of-mission electrical power distribution andcontrol subsystem European SpaceAgency ExternalTank flight rewequipment c fuelcellpowerplant flight ontrol c system flowcontrolvalve


. _f""


FES flashevaporator ystem s FFEU FreeFlow Electrophoresis Unit FID failureidentification FM frequencymodulation FO flight objective FRSI flexiblereusable surfaceinsulation FSM fuelsupply module ft/sec feet per second g gravity GFE Govemment fumished equipment GH2 gaseous hydrogen G.m.t. Greenwich meantime GN2 gaseous nitrogen GPC general urpose p computer HIRAP highresolutionccelerometer a package HPFT highpressure fuelturbine HPOTP highpressure oxidizerurbopump t HRM HUMS hydrogen umbilical massspectrometer lEA integrated electronics assembly IFM in-flight aintenance m IML-2 International Microgravity Laboratory IMU inertial easurement m unit ISP specific impulse ITEPC InterMarsTissueEquivalent Proportional Counter IVIS inertial ibration v isolation system KSC Kennedy SpaceCenter kW kilowatt kWh kilowatt our h LBNP LowerBodyNegative Pressure LCC Launch Commit riteria C LCEOR/F LinearCompressor Enhanced Orbiter Refrigerator/Freezer LED lightemitting diode LESC Lockheed EngineeringndScience a Company LESS leading edgestructural system LH2 liquid hydrogen LIF LargeIsothermal Fumace LiOH lithium hydroxide LO2 liquidoxygen MADS modular uxiliary a datasystem MAS Microbial ir Sampler A MAST MilitaryApplicationof ShipTracks MDM multiplexer/demultiplexer MECO mainenginecutoff MET missionelapsedtime




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mainlanding geardoor Microgravity easurement M Device mainpropulsionystem s Marshall paceFlight enter S C National eronautics A andSpaceAdministration National paceDevelopment S Agencyof Japan SlowRotating Centrifuge icroscope M netpositive uction s pressure NASAShuttle Logistics epot D National paceTransportation S System (i.e.,SpaceShuttle Program) Orbital cceleration esearch A R Equipment Orbiter experiments operational instrumentation Operations ndMaintenance equirements a R andSpecifications Document OMS orbital aneuveringubsystem m s OPS operations PADM portable audio datamodem PAL protuberance airload PAWS Performance ssessment A Workstation PCIS power control andinterface ystem s PCM phasechangematerial PDU power driveunit PILOT Portable In-Flight anding L Operations rainer T PMBT propellant meanbulk temperature POGO longitudinal oscillation PRSD powerreactant torage s anddistribution PTI programmed testinput QSAM Quasi-Steady cceleration easurement A M RAMSES Applied Research onSeparation Methods Using Space Electrophoresis RCRS regenerativearbon c dioxide removal ystem s RCS reaction control subsystem RHS rehydration station RJD reaction driver jet RM redundancy management RMS remote manipulator system RRMD Real-Time Radiation Monitoring evice D RSRM Redesigned olidRocket otor S M RSS rangesafetysystem RTLS return launch to site RTV room temperatureulcanizing v S&A safeandarm SAMS SpaceAcceleration easurement M System SAREX Shuttle Amateur RadioExperiment


SpinalChanges inMicrogravity/system controlmodule Shuttle Landing Facility serialnumber Shuttle Operational DataBook SolidRocket ooster B Shuttlerangesafetysystem SpaceShuttle mainengine Shuttle TDRSGround Terminal Tracking andDataRelaySatellite thermal lectric e device thermoelectric incubator Electromagnetic Containerless Processingacility F thermal rotectionubsystem p s thrust ectorcontrol v Vibration Isolation BoxExperiment Station Vertical otion M Simulator Wastecollection ystem s watersprayboiler



NSTS-08292 - STS-65 Space ShuttleProgramMissionReport Distribuition List
NASA Headquarters ME/C. Perry ME/D. Dillman MOC/Library MZB/H. Miller QP/R. Perry Goddard Space Fliqht Center 100/P. Burr 130/T. Jones 300/R. Bauman 302/W. Bangs 313/R. Marriott 400;V. Weyers 700/T. Huber 710/W. Meyer 730/E. Powers 730.1/J. Young KSC Library-D(14 copies) CS-IOD-1/R. Schuiling LSO-410/K.Lathrop LSO-420/W. Hollis MK/L.J. Shriver TP-OAO/A. Mitskevich MSFC CN22D/Repository (30) EE31/C. Snoddy(2) EP51/J.Redus (5) FA51/S. Sauchier JA01/C. Griner SA12/O. Henson Lanqley Research Center Tech. Library/MailStop 185, Rockwell-Downey AD75/Data Management(42) Rockwell-Houston R12A-130/J.Snowden R12A-130/J.Shea R16C/J. Oberg R16H/K. Rahman R20B/R. Pechacek ZC01/C. Ritrivi ZC01/C. Beatty ZC01/J. Woodall ZC01/W. Scott ZC01/L. Jenkins ZC01/J. Mechelay ZK16/M. Mason JSC AC5/J. Young AP3/J. Carr (4) AP4/S. Luna (3) AP4/B. Dean (3) BY4/HistoryOffice(2) CND. Leestma CA4/R. Filler CB/R.Cabana (6) CB/J. Halsell(5) CB/K. Colgan CB/T. Henricks DNLibrary DA15/D. Nelson DA3/S. Bales DA3/R. Holkan DA8/R. Legler DA8/Library DE4/P. Cerna DF/J. Knight DF72/Q. Carelock DG47/SImSup's DG66/H. Lampazzi DG67/C. Moede DO/J. Whitely DO4/D. Ricked DO4/LeadFAO DO41lIE. Pipped DO45/M. LeBlanc DO6/J. Clement DJ/J. Muratore(2) DM/J. Harpold DM22/J. Montalbano DM22/W. Hollister DT/FoHughes EA/L. Nicholson EC/W. Ellis EC3/E. Winkler EC3/H. Rotter(2) EC3/N. Cerna EC4/I_.Casey EC6/J. McBarron EE/J. Griffin EE2/H. Vang EE3/P. Shack EE6/L Leonard EE6/R. Nuss EE7/M. D. Schmalz EE7/J. Dallas : EG/T. Jim Blucker: EG/Library EG3/S. Derry EG4/K. Frank EK/FDSD Library . EK5/W. Trahan EP2/BranchOffice EP2/L Rhodes EP5/T. Davies EPJW. Guy ES/E. Chimenti ES/DivisionOffice (2) ES3/Y. Chang ES3/R. Sema ES6/C. Norris(2) ET13/E. Smith ET3/T. Farrell ET5/J. Lawrence GNT. Holloway GA2/C. McCullough(3) GA2!D. Fitts GM/D. Schultz JL4/R. Squires JM12!D. Portree KN/NASDA(3) LNW. Draper MNB. Shaw MNM. Suffredini MJ/T. R. Loe (2) NA2/M. Erminger NB/J. McCullough ND/D. Duston ND3/L. Lewallen NS/D. Whittle PS3/STI Center (3) PT3/S. Morris SNW. Womack SD/S. Pool SD/G. Bopp SD2/R. Billlca SD24/D. Rushing SD4/N. Cintron SD5/J. Charles SN15/M. Gaunce SP/C. Perner (5) TNR. Dittemore TC/R. Swalin (2) TC2/F. Brizzolara TC3/D. DeAtkine TJ2/G. Sandars TM/W. Moon TM2/G. Nield (2) VND. Germany VF/D. Camp VF2/W. Gaylor VF2/R. Brasher VF3/B. G. Swan (10) VG/H. Kolkhorst VG/J. Goodman VK/Resident Office VM22/C. Critzos VM22!J. Mistrot VM22/K. Kaminski VFI/ResidentOffice WNL. Williams WEIR. D. White ZR/Lt. Col. J. McLeroy ZR12/L. Dungan

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