CITRIC ACID ANHYDROUS GENERAL INFORMATION

Chemical Description IUPAC Name EINECS Number EC Number CAS Registration No. Molecular Formula Structural Formula

2-hydroxy-1,2,3-propane tricarboxylic acid 2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3tricarboxylic acid 2010691 E 330 77-92-9 C6H8O7

CH2 HO C

COOH COOH

CH2

COOH

The information contained herein was produced by the European Citric Acid Manufacturers' Association (ECAMA) a Sector Group of CEFIC.

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8 81.5 kJ/g Crystals Colourless Odourless SOLUBILITY of Citric Acid versus Temperature Temperature (°C) 10 20 30 36.2 64.2 kJ/g 3 kcal or 12.8 Dissociation Constants of Citric Acid (25°C) pK1 pK2 pK3 = = = 3.6 75.Citric Acid Anhydrous Heat of Solution (Endothermic) Heat of Neutralization (Exothermic) Heat of Combustion Calorific Value 28 cal or 117 J/g 265 cal or 1109 J/g (Sodium Hydroxide) 2.3 68.8 Monohydrate (% w/w) 59.7 70.0 92.5 76.13 4.4 84.44 kcal or 10.5 80.76 6.1 64.CITRIC ACID GENERAL INFORMATION Form Colour Odour CALORIFIC DATA .3 73.6 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Anhydrous (% w/w) 54.4 83.3 67.9 73.40 Page 2 of 7 .6 70.0 59.0 77.2 89.2 78.3 86.

Substance Identification Citric Acid Anhydrous C6H8O7 E 330 EINECS 2010691 CAS 77-92-9 FOR USE IN FOOD Made in: Manufactured by: Emergency Telephone Number Citric Acid Monohydrate C6H8O7.H2O E 330 EINECS 2010691 CAS 5949-29-11 FOR USE IN FOOD 2. Hazard Identification Page 3 of 7 . 3. rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice. Composition Citric Acid Anhydrous Citric Acid Monohydrate Typically 100% Typically 91. Andrew’s Cross) Irritating to eyes In case of contact with eyes.CITRIC ACID Basic information for safety data sheets according to Commission Directive 2001/58/EC. For more detailed information please refer to the safety data sheets of the individual manufacturers 1.6% Water Xi R 36 S 26 Irritant (St.4% Citric Acid Anhydrous Typically 8.

Avoid contact with eyes and skin. After spillage collect solids. Accidental Release Measures 7. Hand Protection : Gloves 5. Store in closed containers in a cool and dry place : 30°C maximum. Avoid generating dust. All types of fire extinguisher are suitable. Personal Precautions Personal Protection Page 4 of 7 . Handling and Storage 8. Respiratory Protection : Dust Mask Eye Protection: Goggles or Safety Glasses. First Aid Measures In case of contact with eyes. For more detailed information please refer to the safety data sheets of the individual manufacturers 4. Citric Acid needs external heat to burn. and flush with water or neutralising solution as required.CITRIC ACID Basic information for safety data sheets according to Commission Directive 2001/58/EC. 70% relative humidity maximum. rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice. Fire Fighting Measures 6. Avoid breathing dust.

3% w/w 1. Page 5 of 7 .542 g/cm2 850 . For more detailed information please refer to the safety data sheets of the individual manufacturers 9. Above 153°C may evolve Carbon Monoxide and Carbon Dioxide.6% w/w 41.8 345°C Class 1 Water Solubility (25°C) Ethanol Solubility (25°C) pH solution of 5% (25°C) Flash Point Explosive Properties (Dust Only) Flammability Thermal Decomposition Requires external heat to burn.8 345°C Class 0 Density (Crystal) Bulk Density granular powder 1.665 g/cm3 850 . Physico-Chemical Properties Appearance Colour Odour Crystal Colourless Odourless Anhydrous Molecular Weight Melting Point 192.9% w/w 1.950 kg/m3 570 .CITRIC ACID Basic information for safety data sheets according to Commission Directive 2001/58/EC.670 kg/m3 67.8% w/w 38.905 kg/m3 570 .670 kg/m3 61.12 153°C Monohydrate 210. 153°C melting commences 1.14 Loss of water above 135°C.

70% relative humidity maximum. These solutions also decompose cement-based products and attack some plastics such as nylon.T. 304 stainless steel. polycarbonates. polyamides. Acad. Citric Acid reacts with alkaline substances to generate heat. Halbeisen J.700 mg/kg (1) 961 mg/kg (2) 42 mg/kg (1) 5. Lab 30 (1) 25 (1971) (2) C. Ther. 94 65 (1948) (3) FDA 223-75-2004 (1977) 12. aluminium and zinc alloys. Gruber & W.A. 11. P.040 mg/kg (1) References : (1) H. Pharmac. Toxicological Information LD50 LD50 (rat) (mouse) Intraperitoneal Oral Intraperitoneal Intravenous Oral 883 mg/kg (2) 11. For more detailed information please refer to the safety data sheets of the individual manufacturers 10. Sci. Yokotani et al. polyimides or acrylics. This may result in the formation of hydrogen to produce explosive mixtures. J.M. copper. For more detailed information please refer to the safety data sheets of the individual manufacturers . Aqueous solutions have corrosive effects on metals including carbon steels. Exp. R. Ecotoxical Information DIN 38412 Part 5 DIN 38412 Part 15 (OECD 203) DIN 38412 Part 25 (OECD 302B) COD 750 ± 50 mg O2/g BOD5 625 ± 50 mg O2/g Bacteriatoxicity Fishtoxicity Biodegradability EC0 10. Stability and Reactivity Citric Acid Anhydrous is stable if stored under cool and dry conditions: 30°C maximum. Takeda Res. Paris 240 2551 (1955) Page 6 of 7 CITRIC ACID Basic information for safety data sheets according to Commission Directive 2001/58/EC. Creach: C.000 mg/l LD50 440 to 706 mg/l 98% within 2* to 24 hours * Ref.CITRIC ACID Basic information for safety data sheets according to Commission Directive 2001/58/EC.

Transport Information Regulatory Information References: ECAMA Internal Report 1998 Citric Acid has irritancy equivalent to Fumaric Acid see Annex 1 Directive 67/548/EEC. 15. Citric Acid Anhydrous and Monohydrate are EC permitted Food Additives (E 330) conditions of use : Quantum Satis. No special considerations. rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice. The information contained herein was produced by the European Citric Acid Manufacturers’ Association (ECAMA) a Sector Group of CEFIC. Page 7 of 7 . Non toxic to the Environment. Xi R36 S26 Irritant Irritating to eyes In case of contact with eyes. The US Food and Drug Administration classifies Citric Acid as a GRAS (Generally Recognised As Safe) Food ingredient. Disposal Considerations Suitable for incineration.13. Classification and Labelling of Dangerous Substances according to Directive 67/548/EEC and Amendments. Water Hazard Class (Germany) : 0 Directive 67/548/EEC Annex 7. According to the Joint Expert Committee on Food Additives of the WHO/FAO Citric Acid Anhydrous and Monohydrate may be used without specified limitation according to good manufacturing practice. landfill or may be disposed of after neutralisation with normal sewage according to local legislation. 14.

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