PP consists of two categories: homopolymers and copolymers depending upon its chemical composition. Homopolymers are produced with propylene as the only monomer, while copolymers are made from more than one monomer propylene. The most common comonomer is ethylene. Homopolymers can be further classified as isotactic PP, syndiotactic PP, and atactic PP based upon its tacticity. Tacticy is referred to steric arrangement of methyl group on PP molecular chains. If all methyl groups align to the same direction, then PP is called isotactic PP; if methyl groups have alternating configuration with respect to main chains, it is called syndiotactic PP. Finally if methyl group randomly arranged, then it is called an atactic PP. Isotactic PP is the mostly commonly used PP in the market, and so PP homopolymer in general refers to isotactic PP homopolymer. To improve clarity or impact of PP homopolymer, ethylene is introduced into the PP chain, thus creating PP copolymers. When ethylene content is lower (<5% in weight), PP is called random copolymers, otherwise, it is called heterogenous copolymers (HECOs) or block copolymers. However, block copolymers here is an misomer since they are not exactly block copolymers like styrenic block copolymers. Rather, this type of block copolymers is composed of a homopolymer as a matrix and a random EP copolymer. Block copolymers typically are manufactured with two or more reactors with the first producing a PP homoplymer, and the second one producing ethylene propylene copoylmers (or so called rubber component) with homopolymer present. Further, within block copolymers, if the rubber content is more than 30%, block copolymer is then called reactor TPOs (thermoplastic olefins).

Each type of PP resins has its own unique performance. Homopolymers typically have higher modulus and heat deflection temperatures; random copolymers provide better clarity, while block copolymers impart PP a good balance of stiffness and impact properties. Reactor TPOs have excellent impact performance even at freezing points with good stiffness. Depending on molecular weight or MFR and additive contents, there are many grades of PP in the current market, and its industry is pushing technology boundary to bring markets PP grades of even better performance with cost efficiency.

bases and acids. cutlery. and automotive parts such as batteries. it is rugged and unusually resistant to many chemical solvents. housewares. loudspeakers. Surface treatments can be applied to polypropylene parts in order to promote adhesion of printing ink and paints. also known as polypropene. is a thermoplastic polymer used in a wide variety of applications including packaging. which involve both extrusion and molding. For example. ropes.Polypropylene (PP). . stationery. Common extrusion methods include production of melt-blown and spun-bond fibers to form long rolls for future conversion into a wide range of useful products. containers. vials. such as face masks. An addition polymer made from the monomer propylene. Manufacturing Melt processing of polypropylene can be achieved via extrusion and molding. thermal underwear and carpets). which is used for parts such as cups. and polymer banknotes. such as machining. The related techniques of blow molding and injection-stretch blow molding are also used. nappies (diapers) and wipes. The most common shaping technique is injection molding. antistatic additives can be added to help polypropylene surfaces resist dust and dirt. laboratory equipment. textiles (e. Many physical finishing techniques can also be used on polypropylene. caps. plastic parts and reusable containers of various types. The large number of end-use applications for polypropylene are often possible because of the ability to tailor grades with specific molecular properties and additives during its manufacture.g. filters. automotive components.

Its chemical structure is shown in picture Polypropylene Polypropylene comes from propylene These include: • • • • Chemical Composition Molecular Weight and Distribution Chain Structure(Topology) Morphology .http://sites. Its special characteristics are as follows: Molecular weight During polymerization there are four main factors that determine the characteristics of a polymer.

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