Embroidery machines are the fastest of all the machines that provides us with beautiful embroidery goods.
It is the computer based machine that can complete more than 1000 stitches in a minute. Introduction of such tools has reduced the work of the workers who generally took a lot of time in sewing embroidery on cloths. Different types of equipments usually have different types of speed. It depends on you that which one will fulfill your purpose of buying it. One such machine that is noted for its highest speed is the Tajima embroidery machine. These machines of different forms, shapes and size are available in the market. Some of the them consist of manual operation to create designs on the fabrics and on some other materials. These types of tools are mainly used for the fiber are and different types of embroidery projects. The homeowners can purchase those that are portable as well as only used for embroidery. The combination of it can perform both sewing and embroidery and are mainly used by the tailors. Another type of machine that is used for the commercial purpose is the Commercial ones. It actually includes several needles and the best part of it is that before starting the work several colors can be threaded that also save lots of time. All these features are also available in Tajima embroidery machine which is one of the popular machine manufacturing company. The software programs that are used in it are commercial software, machine specific software, independent vendor software and independent designer software. The market prices of them ranges between 500 to 600 dollars. Some of them are even capable of resizing, editing and creating patterns. So before you buy one of these it is very important that you check all the features and whether they are working properly or not. The author has a great knowledge about all types of embroidery machines. He is the first to write article about these machines. For more information visit these sites: tajima embroidery machine and barudan embroidery machines. Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Simon_Tischer
Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/5243080
Types of Embroidery Stitches
An embroidery stitch is a technique executed in a particular manner, to form a figure or a pattern on a fabric. The article throws light on the different styles and types of embroidery stitches.
Ads by Google
EmbLibrary Designs emblibrary.com is the best source for creative & crafty emb. designs! www.emblibrary.com Kids Embroidery Designs NEW Old MacDonald's Farm Great fun quality children designs www.sewswell.com Metal Stitching Cast iron mechanical repair without welding www.locknstitch.com A stitch is defined as the periodic movement of a sewing needle from the back of the fabric to the front side and then back again. The thread stroke formed at the front side of the fabric is also known as a stitch. Embroidery patterns are formed by practicing many embroidery stitches in the same or different style, by following a counting chart on paper or even by working freehand. There are two ways to do embroidery stitches efficiently and neatly: hand-sewing method and stab or maggam work. In the hand-sewing method, the needle is inserted into the fabric, brought to the surface of the fabric and the thread is pulled through. It can be performed by using an embroidery frame or freehand. The frame makes the work more simpler and helps in inserting the needle without stretching the fabric too much. The stab method is more common in India and is also known as 'Aari' work. It is like a
embroidery saree is first tucked in a frame an then number of "kaarigars" design beautiful intricate patterns on the fabric through metal threads. These stitches are normally worked last with a finer thread. so that it shouldn't pucker or distort the work. It can also be performed using a frame or a hoop. again the needle is brought back up at the polar end of the stitch. Gujrati and Sindhi embroideries. Crossed buttonhole stitch. Zardosi is a form of embroidery done by golden metal wires. Simple satin stitch. Many types of embroideries have lost there identities in this designer world but zardosi is an form of embroidery which always attracts the designers and manufacturers. Stitches are used for basic sewing or decorative purposes. To complete and secure the row. By slightly altering the stitching style. running or blasting stitch. are some examples of the chain stitch. are some popular types of straight stitches. Buttonhole stitch or blanket stitch. Then. Stem stitch. the needle doesn't return to the actual hole to pass back through the cloth. y Back stitch is commonly used to draft an area of a design.
Zardosi Embroidery zardosi is the oldest form of embroideries done in India. This is an very timetaking and hard work. The stitches are generally simple to execute. closed buttonhole stitch and tailor's buttonhole stitch. Breton stitch. Types of Embroidery Stitches Embroidery uses different variations of stitches. For this form. forming an 'x'. Indian women still loves her zardosi saree and consider it to be the most important attire in her wardrobe for functions and occasions.
These were just few out of the many different types of embroidery stitches. algerian eye stitch. Chain stitch is the easiest of all the looped stitches. the needle is taken to the wrong side over the loop from where it came through. Lazy daisy stitch. Cross stitch is done by forming a line of diagonal stitches in one direction by using the wrap and weft of the fabric and while coming back crossing the diagonal in the opposite direction. when combined together the results can be unique and complex. It forms the basis for a varieties of needle lace. It is one of the most
. Indian zardozi has made its place in the world and been considered as one among the beautiful embroidery styles including Chickan. a completely different look can be achieved. The thread has to be pulled carefully. however. are some common examples of the buttonhole stitch. in which the needle is brought through the fabric at one end and returned from the wrong side at the opposite end of the stitch. Kashmiri. fern stitch. Each stitch has a particular name to help identify it. Spanish chain or zig-zag chain. in which the needle is brought through the fabric at one end of the stitch and is inserted back into the fabric at the same point. sprat's head stitch and herringbone stitch are some types of the cross stitch. split stitch and crewel stitch are some examples of a back stitch.chain stitch in which the needle is put into the cloth at an angle of 90 degrees and then the thread is pulled through. Straight stitch passes through the fabric in a simple up and down motion. Zardosi sarees are not only famous in India but it has a vast demand in countries outside India too. The stitches are tightly packed which prevent the raveling of the woven fabric. It works along one side of a square or diagonally across the square in an encircling motion. Its existence is from mughal age. In this. holds the loop of the thread on the surface of the cloth.
Even though zari work is very expensive. patterns flow and the beads know where they want to be. Most common patterns done by the Karigars are mangoes. zari was manufactured in Yeola. This thread is woven into fabrics. tops and vettis. Zari is also a method of traditional textile weaving in Iran. It is almost subconscious. Zari is the main material in most silk sarees and ghararas. forms create themselves. zari used in making Paithani was drawn from pure gold. Types of Beads Used * Glass Beads * Wooden Beads * Metallic Beads * Plastic Beads Aari Embroidery Work
.expensive types of embroidery because not only is the fabric and the material used expensive but also the labourers follow a system of wages on hourly basis. However. primarily made of silk to create intricate patterns. It's like painting with beads. you will be surprised at how it evolves. made of pure silver. It is also used in other garments made of silk. Bead Embroidery Bead embroidery can be one of the most expressive. Zari is a type of thread made of fine gold or silver wire used in traditional Indian and Pakistani garments. the style of beaded embroidery has evolved from simple designs to creatively sewn beaded embellishments techniques. Initially. It is believed this tradition started during the Mughal period. The labour is cheap in India when compared to other parts of the world. like skirts. most satisfying methods of beadwork you will do. flowersand leaf patterns. the glamour and versatility have made it the most widely used embroidery all over the world. The need to beautify both garments as well as household objects with precious and semi precious stones and glass beads has made this embroidery very popular not onlyin India but the western world as well. silver is the affordable substitute today. Surat now being another zari-producing center. the beauty. From century old traditions to the modern world culture. Originally. Zari Embroidery Zari is the metallic yarn. In India special bead work embroidery of the states of Gujarat and Rajasthan are very famous.
usually cotton. The zari thread or the metallic thread if quite commonly used in this style of embroidery. stitching is always done with white cotton rough thread and the fabrics used is thicker than those used for Shadow Work . Like Shadow work. blouse pieces. In chicken Work. By using subtle gradations of color the figures and motifs in the designs can be highly representational. Closed Herring Bone stitches are done on the wrong side of the fabric but the stitches are not done as perfectly as in Shadow work. Round etc) and sizes are used for Mirror work. Diamond. The designs are of Mughal origin since the art was at one time patronized by them.This particular one is based on the eight-point Lone Star design. Patchwork Patchwork in different shapes and size appear on many early American quilt. Though the work is simple. This is also used instead of mirrors. Chicken Embroidery Work Chicken Work is almost similar to Shadow work. double shade or single shades can be used aesthetically according to your taste. the final appearance is beautiful. Mirror work can be done on any fabric in sarees.Aari embroidery is done primarily by the Muslim cobbler community in India. Sequence is a plastic silver coated material available in different shapes and size.) Kantha Embroidery Work Kantha is basically close running stitch filled inside a design. (For Herring Bone stitches refer Shadow work. Aari at times is also called zari work. Two or three strands of thread are taken to fix mirrors or sequence. It is done with colored thread as well using color gradations to make the motifs and figures highly representational. Mirror Work for Embroidery Mirror work is the art of stitching mirrors on to the fabric in a variety of designs. Even today it is a fashion. Materials Required for Mirror Work Mirrors or sequence of desired shapes & sizes Embroidery Thread Needle There are different ways of fixing mirrors of different shapes to the fabric. skirts etc. Different shades of thread. After fixing the mirror you can stitch beads around to make it more attractive. Though both follow the same stitch they have a totally different appearance. It will brighten your sitting
. Mirrors of different shapes (Square.
Craftsmen from all over the country came to Jaipur. They are available in a wide variety of colors and geometrical shapes. jewelry. The entire technique of Kundankari lies in the skillful setting of gems and stones in gold. which is rarely solid.room or study room. The work is done on very fine muslin and now on georgette and chiffon and other fine fabrics. This embroidery form. Embroiders often draw
. Chikankari Embroidery Work Chikankari was nurtured in Uttar Pradesh and primarily in Lucknow. under the patronage of royal houses. Phulkari Embroidery Work The traditional Punjabi embroidery art is phulkari. It is more suited for the outerwear but these days there are certain exclusive creations using Chikan work in Cushion covers. Udaipur and Jodhpur. pillow covers and table linen. Partition curtains with the chikan embroidery are fast gaining ground. If you are using simple patchwork. encouraged and patronized craftsmen to create exquisite kundan work on silver and gold. The phulkari with very intricate floral patterns is called Bagh that means garden. Phulkari for some time now is being used in home furnishings specially wall hangings. Resham Embroidery Work Resham work is where silk threads are used to hand embroidery Kundan Embroidery Work Kundan work is essentially Indian and it was brought to Rajasthan from Delhi during the Mughal period. Sequins Embroidery Work Sequins are disk shaped beads used for decorative purposes. There is sanctity to the art form as the canopy over Guru Granth Sahib. Sequins are commonly used on clothing. It is worn on ceremonies. sofa throws and other soft furnishings Kashmiri Embroidery or Kashida Kashmiri embroidery or kashida is colorful and beautiful as Kashmir itself. the religious book of the Sikhs is of phulkari. Numerous royal houses from Rajasthan. The pulkari word means growing flowers. It is primarily used on the odhanies and dupattas. Bikaner. It is considered auspecious for the bride and for the new born. true to its name includes only floral motifs in bright colors. plan your design on a paper with pencils before beginning your work. bags and other accessories.
a water-soluble pen (or pencil).
How do I transfer my embroidery design to my fabric? There are lots of different ways to get your design on fabric. making sure the fabric is square (on the grain). and for larger. Here s a brief tutorial on making your own design transfer and using an iron-on pen or pencil. And of course. Iron-on Transfer: You can buy designs as iron-on transfers and follow the manufacturer s instructions for ironing the design onto your fabric. mango etc. and I was really glad I did! Ink-Jet Printer: There are a couple options here. Put your fabric on a hard. or sets of iron-ons from more obscure (but good quality) manufacturers. complex projects that will be set up and worked on for a while. Carbon: Buy a package of dressmaker s carbon from your local fabric shop. but it works well on dark fabrics. Use either a fine-lined permanent pen. or a light touch with a regular pencil to trace the design. Again. creepers and chinar leaves. steady stroke. the fabric and design size have to fit the printer. and that won t set if ironed. Using a stylus or a old ball point pen and a firm. Another option is to purchase an iron-on transfer pen or pencil and try your hand with one of those. There s also a specific brand of this kind of transfer paper called Saral Wax-free Transfer Paper that works well. you can try Aunt Martha s Iron-On Patterns (a link to my resource review). such as these iron-ons from Mani di Fata or these iron-ons from Mains et Merveilles. and then tape your fabric over it. My go-to instruments for tracing are mechanical pencils and the Micron pens. fabrics with a pile (like velvet or velveteen). decide where you want your design and tape your carbon onto the fabric. is sold in larger sheets & rolls. Here s a tutorial on using the prick and pounce method to transfer an embroidery design. I also used this method on my Agnus Dei project. carefully trace over the lines of your design. There are lots of popular options available for iron-ons. The colors the motifsof flowers. Don t use sketch strokes while you trace use a smooth continuous line. don t sketch draw in long. and it seems each stitcher has a favorite way. in the color moonstone (a gold-ish tan). I ve also had good success with the Martha Stewart Crafts writing pen. If you like the vintage-style designs that are popular today. smooth surface (I would tape it down to keep it from moving). which is permanent and archival. The whole pattern is created using one or two embroidery stitch styles. Some pens I ve used successfully for tracing include the Sakura Micron Art Pen (which is permanent on paper but the company does not recommend it for fabric that will be washed) and the Papermate Ultra-Flair (it s water soluble and washes out well). This works best with a printer that spits the piece out the back. and then tape your design above the carbon. Prick and Pounce: This is a more complicated process. Lisa Tressler wrote a guest post here on Needle n Thread. Dressmaker s carbon comes in small packages with about 5 colors of carbon in each package.
. Others I know use their ink-jet printers directly. they print the image directly on their fabric. wax-free transfer stuff that works like old-fashioned carbon paper. Here are some popular choices:
Tracing: Using a light box or a sunny window. are the most common ones. tape your design down. The carbon is not really carbon it s a graphite-free. Using a fine (usually vector) graphic image. They re available through various sewing / craft stores online. taping the fabric to regular computer paper (or ironing it to freezer paper) and running it through the printer.inspiration from the beautiful nature around. You can also purchase books of iron-on transfers for embroidery (that s a link to my review of a few). without rolling it around the rollers and back out the front. continuous lines. on using silk gauze and an ink-jet printer to transfer embroidery designs.
Here s my photo tutorial for using tissue paper and tacking stitches to transfer a design. I traced the design on the interfacing in very dark ink. bolder designs. Just remember that on fine. but it has a good photo of the actual mesh.
I hope some of these tips are helpful! What about you? What are your favorite methods of transferring designs? Any particular one that has been a No-Fail option for you over the years? Any method that I missed that you¶d like to add to the list? Do leave a comment below to help out your fellow stitchers!
Developing a Spot Sampler: Selecting Colors Developing a Spot Sampler: Fabric Set-Up Tags: beginner embroidery. because you re stitching twice. like this embroidered pouch for altar linens. relatively close. because the light from the back shone through it and the light interfacing. but that allowed light through. on finer. If you re using a heavier fabric. you have to use small stitches. embroidery resources. and has been recommended for embroidery design transfer. which you can then stitch over and hide. following the design. especially if you are very concerned about leaving any kinds of transfer marks on your fabric. Again. this is another method that always works. Like the tracing paper and tacking stitches above. and stitch through the stabilizer and fabric. or if you re stitching on a fabric that doesn t take any of the above transfer methods well. you can draw the design on the lining fabric. then basted the interfacing and the front ground fabric together. arrange the tissue paper on your fabric where you want the design.y
Water Soluble Stabilizer: Did you know you can use a water-soluble stabilizer on top of your fabric. baste around the outside of the design to secure the tissue paper in place (using regular sewing thread and a fine needle). Obviously. but it always works! Stitch or Transfer from the Back: I ve used this method successfully before on pieces made from dressy fabrics that were dark. embroidery tips and tricks
Playing Around with Transfer-Eze. Tissue Paper & Tacking Stitches: Though time consuming. stitch over the lines of your design. then rinse away the stabilizer? A while ago.. and then stitch little tacking or running stitches in light thread from the back. Here s Part I and here s Part II. (December 23. but I would imagine that it would work ok for larger. just to review it and see how it works.. I m a little skeptical that it would work for very detailed embroidery designs. It s not my personal favorite as far as transferring goes. I wrote a two-part tutorial / experiment on using Solvy. then mounted them on a frame. probably because I just don t like stitching through something that feels like plastic. or snip out as you go. this process works well. I was able to see the design lines well enough to stitch. or plain sewing stitch). I haven t tried it yet! This is what transfer meshlooks like and how you use it. if I can get my hands on some. Use small stitches. detailed parts of your design. but Clover makes a product called transfer mesh that s used in quilting. I intend to try it eventually. But it does work. I ve never personally ordered from that site site. Simply trace your design on tissue paper. The design will then be on the front in the light stitches. detailed parts of the design. I m willing to eat my words on either of those statements like I said. This worked well with that particular moiré silk. it s a bit more time and labor intensive. 2010)
. Putting a light behind the embroidery. and then use small tacking stitches (running stitch. you have to make sure you re stitching on something washable and that your threads are colorfast! Transfer Mesh: I haven t tried this stuff.
this is an item you can make yourself to show off your stitching talents. for those of us who get serious about our crafting there are certain techniques and equipment which help us embroider faster or fancier. Needlebook or Needlecase. you'll need to keep the threads parallel. Others specifically designed as laying tools include a stroking tool (also known as a tekobari).. (This is called "laying" the thread. 2010)
TOOLS N EQUIPMENTS
Although embroidery doesn't have to be an expensive hobby. With "pages" of soft fabric. Thread Palette.
. Each "open page" is designed to store a particular needle type in a range of sizes. When you work with multiple plies on a single needle. 2010) Cretan Stitch Close it Up!. Laying Tools. Clear plastic rulers calibrated in inches are invaluable and come in a 6" length that fits easily into a stitching bag. Pincushions come in a variety of sizes and styles. Many manufactured pincushions come with an emery.. and the other end is square to prevent it from slipping from your fingers. Many stitchers like to make their own personalized models. Thread Organizer. sand-like material which keeps needles clean and sharp. some of the latter have magnets to keep needles in place. Pincushions are useful for stowing threaded needles if you must change colors often. a tape measure is useful and takes up little space. as you stitch. which looks like a very small pincushion filled with a gritty. Pincushions. There are many products on the market for storing and identifying threads you accumulate. Ruler and Tape Measure. one end resembles an awl or stiletto. a needlebook keeps your pins and needles protected (and protects you from the needles. (November 3. For measuring a larger area. Many stitchers like to store their needles in needlecases. One of the simplest is small individual plastic bags held together on a metal binder ring. too) and organized. (November 9.) A variety of laying tools will help you achieve this. On the other end are wooden boxes or chests that resemble fine furniture. Storage boxes such as those used for hardware and fishing lurs work well for thread wound on bobbins. which you attach using half-hitch knots. select one that fits in your stitching bag or basket.. These plastic wood or paper palettes have a series of holes along the edges to hold individual colors of threads. As with pincushions.y y
French Knot Video Updated. A trolley needle has a point like a tapestry needle affixed to a metal band that fits on the end of your finger. which may be narrow and cylindrical or large and box-like.. not twisted. The simplest is a large tapestry needle or bodkin.
These kits make it easy for beginners to get started and also make excellent gifts. Look for buttons. Good silk was easily obtained. Small. were the most common of materials used. Drafting Tape.com/?expert=Carrie_Gibson
Article Source: http://EzineArticles. Embroiderers. Both your eyesight and your needlework deserve optimal lighting. consumer shows or online." ruining the embroidery piece. Article Source: http://EzineArticles. and charms at your local needlework shop. and individuality. To avoid casting shadows over the work surface. For very fine work you may want to use a lamp that has a magnifier attached. Find it at art supply stores. whimsy. silks and flosses. You can find out more at the links above.Thumbtacks and Tack Puller. beads. (Don't use staples to attach embroidery fabric. baubles. An easy way to get started is with embroidery kits. Hand embroidery is an exciting hobby. ribbons or anything else that could be attached to fabric in an attractive way. came in many colors. often as the focus of a design theme. catalogs. giving suggestions for uses of their product would increase sales. although they made available a wide variety of embroidery materials. Use these to attach fabric to stretcher bars. You can buy them as well as any embroidery supplies online here. In the late 1800's and early 1900's. Other possibilities include magnifiers that hang around the neck. Find them also in embroidery kits. and held its beauty longer. especially during the Victorian era. It became clear to the manufacturers that. These materials included beads. Those who used these products became confused about which product was best for what project. silk was used more often than cotton floss for embroidery. Floor lamps and swivel-arm table lamps (such as an architect's light) are good choices. as well as wool. right-handers will benefit from a light directed over the left shoulder. Of course. were not restricted to silk and floss. therefore becoming a favorite embroidery material of embroiderers. This tape is less sticky than regular masking tape and helps keep your needlework cleaner.
. Use it for taping the cut edges of your fabric before mounting it in a stitching frame. Lighting and Magnification. you'll risk pulling one of the fine threads and spoiling the appearance of the fabric.com/4366145
Embroidery materials. Sometimes giving your project to someone as a gift is a great incentive to finish a first project. Very few flosses were colorfast and when it became wet would "bleed. or are worn atop the head. were being offered new and improved embroidery materials at a fast and furious pace. decorative accents give your embroidery beauty. Embellishments. at that time. Choose a light that directs a circle (not a spotlight) of light onto your entire stitching surface. The reason for this was that silk held color better than floss. attach to your eyeglasses. left-handers from the right.
"Asiatic" Mountmellick Silk This is a hard twisted thread specially designed for Mountmellick Work. and to enumerate some of the ways in which they may be used to the best advantage. It is not intended for solid work like the Filo and "Roman. The following information is typical of what you would find in manufacturers' needlework books in Victorian times. It is a splendid thread . Ladies found it easy to purchase items from these books feeling confident their final product would be a success as they were using the correct embroidery material for the correct project. FF. It is most used for scallop work until introduction of "Caspian" Floss.Soon manufacturers were printing books on embroidery and other fancy needlework. It is especially adapted for floral designs on linen and is unsurpassed for working table linen. It is used for bold designs in outline or solid embroidery on heavy material.for finishing the edges of linens and similar fabrics where a brilliant and lustrous effect is "Asiatic Caspian" Floss This silk is especially designed for finishing the edges of linens and is at present more widely used than any other thread for scallop work on doilies and centerpieces. "Asiatic" Twisted Embroidery Thread A thread that is harder twisted than any yet mentioned. It also is used for solid embroidery and outline work." but can be used effectively for outlining and cross stitching. Its tight twist makes it very durable.
Embroidery Silks and Flosses
The particular thread to be selected depends largely on the character of the work and the artistic effects to be produced. one could find pages filled with descriptions of each silk or floss and the best uses for each. It is dyed in many plain colors and also in eight shaded colors. loosely twisted silk. Size FF
. To help embroiderers become knowledgeable about the different types of silks. "Asiatic Roman" Floss Similar to Filo in twist. and it is a popular thread for general embroidery. is superior to any silk in the world for solid embroidery and fine outline work. floss or other embroidery material. but a much heavier thread. It is finer than any other thread and for this reason gives a larger range to the skillful worker to produce the most harmonious shadings and artistic effects. It is furnished in four sizes: F. finest to coarsest in the order named. promoted the use of their good silks profusely throughout the book they published. of course. Manufacturers. they provided the "proper" item on which to use a specific type silk. G and H. flosses and other embroidery materials available and the best uses of each. in fact it is the only one of Brainerd & Armstrong's collection that was dyed in shaded colors. It covers the ground more rapidly. It is our intention to describe these different embroidery threads. "Asiatic" Rope Silk A large. but on heavier fabrics. These books not only provided illustrations and instruction on needlework. "Asiatic" Filo Selle Sometimes called "ASIATIC" FILO.
used in the needle in the. not at all like zephyr. larger than the crewel. Unlike those listed above. It comes in dull art tones. It resembles a very narrow piece of silk which has been ravelled out on both sides. Smyrnasene is a coarse. Other embroidery materials to consider are: Crewels is a strong twisted woolen yarn. except that the silk has been ravelled only on one edge. No blending of shades is possible with this material. Chenille is a velvety-looking round thread. and is much affected by the Art Societies. For Mountmellick Work in colors. these are not spouting the excellence of a specific brand. "Asiatic" Honiton Lace Silk A thread somewhat like the one preceding but of a peculiar twist designed for Honiton Lace Work. round thread. Ribbosene is a narrow. same manner as arrasene. made in two sizes. "Asiatic" Outline Embroidery A desirable twisted thread. finer and harder twisted than the Twisted Embroidery Silk mention above. but a trifle harder twisted. but with the same firm twist. but finer and firmer.is about the size of Twisted Embroidery Silk. We will speak further of the method of using ribbosene under the heading of ribbon work. large and small. on fine quality linen or other fine fabrics. both silk and wool. resembling chenille. tapestry cloths and friezes. Twisted Embroidery Silk is used. Tapestry Wool is an English thread. It is used for outline and buttonhole work. having one thread left in the center.
The following is more "generic" information that Victorian women received in regards to choosing the correct embroidery materials with which to use to embroider. which blend beautifully. Arrasenes. but having a rough. and the remaining threads have been left on the opposite edge instead of
. fuzzy surface. Insure the permanency of your work by using good silk embroidery threads. it is used on heavy linens. Mountmellick Silk is dyed in White only. have been very popular and are still employed in some kinds of embroidery. Zephyr is a soft twisted woolen yarn used on canvas worked in cross-stitch. Feathersene is a thread much resembling arrasene. crinkled ribbon. "Asiatic" Art Rope Silk Similar to Rope. The English crewels come in lovely soft shades. used sometimes to work thistle leaves and begonia foliage.
Royal Floss. made in four sizes. and corresponds to filo floss in silk. Art Cord is a small silk cord. . Real Scotch Linen Threads. Flourishing Thread No. loose twist. a soft. cord-like silk. as follows: Bargarren Linen. lower left: polyester jacquard (5). very fine. but about twice as large. made in four sizes. polyester moire (6). and is not used in the needle. and to be used in the same manner as couching silk. upper right: cotton muslin (3). with a firm twist. etc. which is finer than the rope. a soft silk resembling filo floss. which is the finest of all. cotton osnaberg (4). it is used for couching around outlines. and the size next smaller than the Bargarren linen. premade cotton cutwork napkin (8). Embroidery Wash Silks. and should not be employed upon articles that are for use rather than ornament. Rope Linen.in the center. Wash twist. comes next. It is very perishable. comes last. but with a soft. as follows: Etching Silk. corresponding to rope silk. German Cord. but red and white are the only ones recommended. 4. etc. It is designed to sew around the outline of designs. the largest size of silk to be used in the needle. Flourishing Thread No. Filo Floss. premade lace-edged linen handkerchief (9). It comes in various colors.
Fabric For Embroidery upper left: cashel linen (1). larger than etching silk. not art cord. untwisted.8. can be used for fancy filling stitches of certain kinds. fine silk. Tyrol Cord is a twisted linen. Rope Silk. Embroidery Cotton is used for French embroidery upon linens and cottons. lower right: premade cotton knit baby bib (7). is a white linen cord used for button-holing over in Roman embroidery.
. has a slight twist. the largest size made. Couching Silk is a large. for lacing. out with the same twist. and for initials. edinburgh linen (2).
) Floss is sold in convenient skeins as a six-stranded thread which you separate. a pillow for your rough-and-tumble family room will benefit from a medium-to-heavyweight fabric while a dainty boudoir ³show´ pillow may call for something lighter. and finishes. textures. then recombine in
. some designs. pay attention to how densely or loosely the fabric threads are arranged. as are most cotton blends. because knits stretch. you can choose beautiful dress and home decorating fabrics as well as fine even¬weave linens made for counted-thread work. have more than one layer of stitching-in effect. EMBROIDERY THREADS As a contemporary embroiderer. The two most well-known manufacturers. COTTON EMBROIDERY FLOSS is the most popular thread for embroidery. baste a tear-away stabilizer (such as sulky¶s totally stable) or tissue paper behind the design area to avoid distorting the fabric when you mount it on a hoop. a nostalgic favorite for suggesting antique embroidery. Thread manufacturers offer you an array of natural and synthetic fibers in a wide choice of colors. you enjoy a greater selection of fabulous threads than stitchers of the past. cotton floss on medium-weight cotton fabric is an ideal choice for a novice. what about embroidering on t-shirt knits? once you have mastered a few stitches. some hand-dyed fibers are not colorfast. DMC and Anchor. ask yourself two questions: how do i intend to use the embroidery when i am finished stitching? match the fabric weight to the task it will eventually face as a finished project. Fabric Weight traditional embroidery fabrics range from lightweight. and are ready for something new. and every weight in between. tea-dyed cotton is. fabric weight is the result of the size of the threads in the fabric weave and how densely those threads are packed together (also known as thread count) during the weaving process. easy for beginners to handle. stitching on top of stitching-which adds weight. when choosing a fabric weight. such as the summer bouquet. one of the many delights of embroidery is adding your personal touch to your favorite readymade clothing. a medium-weight fabric with a fairly dense weave will give you the best results. pay attention to the washing instructions. offer the greatest number of colors. wash¬able. when you are finished stitching. finished table and bed linens and other ³pre-made´ items ranging from aprons to tea cozies await only your needle and thread. tear away the excess paper around the stitches. in dozens of color ³families´ that feature one hue in a range of shades from very light to very dark. and needs the support of at least a medium-weight fabric. sheer organdy and fine silk to heavy canvas and linen. open weaves. how heavy will my intended embroidery be? the weight of the embroidery depends on how many strands of thread you use on your needle as well as how dense your embroidery design is. and so are not a good choice for garments that will be washed frequently. It¶s inexpensive. if you are just learning how to embroider. (If you use the latter. and rightly so. if you consider yourself a beginner.with embroidery you enjoy more fabric choices than you would with other forms of needlework. avoid loose. and comes in hundreds of colors from bright to soft. give it a try. stitched several projects. and an appropriately-sized design. Fiber Content a good rule of thumb for beginners is to match the fabric fiber to your stitching fiber. while other companies specialize in special effects such as hand-dyed colors that resemble threads used in historic needlework. even fabrics with subtle printed or woven patterns can provide a beautiful background for embroidery.
and originated in Asia. Silk ribbon is particularly effective in floral embroidery. but worth exploring as your skills develop. It cannot be separated into strands. high sheen which makes it slippery to work with. Many of them require the skills of an intermediate stitcher. and is dyed in many colors to match floss. Metallic and synthetic threads are gaining in popularity. has a bright. try silk floss on a special project. Silk ribbon is. Crewel wool is essential for crewel embroidery. as its name implies. but you can try adding small accents of these fascinating threads to your cotton floss projects to get a taste for their special effects. flat ribbon that can be threided onto a needle and stitched just as if it were a conventional thread.any number of strands your project requires. PEARL
COTTON (also written as perle cotton) is thicker than floss. is highly twisted. Historically. Once you feel confident in your skills. Rayon. These fibers are also more expensive than cotton floss. a thin. and is not recommended for beginners. which straddles the boundary between natural and synthetic fiber. comes in several sizes from 3 (the thickest) to 12 (the finest). and has a lustrous sheen. and must be dry-cleaned.and a particularly lovely ³hand´ (how it feels in your hand as you stitch).
. it¶s probably the oldest fiber used for embroidery. Needlework traditions which developed in the West have used wool and linen for centuries. OTHER FIBERS await your exploration once you have mastered a few stitches Silk floss. It¶s more expensive than cotton floss. and new varieties appear with frequency. It¶s the natural choice for beginners. and creates a three-dimensional look. has a similar weight as cotton floss .
Anchor¶s cotton floss (3 & 4). below). Needle Necessities¶ over dyed cotton floss (5). have long and slender shafts and round eyes that are the same diameter as the width of the entire length of the needle. 7mm solid (22). The Thread Gatherer¶s over dyed linen Flax µn Colors (13). sharps needles. Bucilla¶s 7mm variegated (21).FROM TOP: DMCs cotton floss (1 & 2). crewel needles. Needlepoint Inc. beading needles. tweezers. DMCs metallic floss (18). chenille needles. embroidery scissors. so buy the highest quality needles you can afford to assure yourself a pleasurable stitching experience. #8 (7). Rainbow Gallery¶s linen (16). the larger the needle number. a too-large needle leaves holes in the ground fabric and will produce sloppy-looking stitches. DMCs pearl cotton #5 (6). thimble. tapestry needles. Embroidery Needles needles are the single most essential tool in embroidery. thimble. Kreinik Mfg. also with sharp points. DMCs Medici wool (12). many stitches find the
. milliners needles. Milliners needles. these average-length needles have long. embroidery scissors with decorative fob. and 3mm solid (23) silk ribbon EMBROIDERY TOOLS
clockwise from bottom: shears. the smaller the needle (with the exception of milliners. a too-small needle can damage the thread that doesn¶t easily fit into the eye.¶s #4 metallic braid (19) and blending filament (20). #12 (8). poorly made needles
have small imperfections. Crewel (or embroidery) needles are basis to embroidery. Caron Collection¶s over dyed silk Waterlilies (10). needle threader. Londonderry¶s linen (14 & 15). DMCs rayon floss (17).¶s silk (9). Co. Appleton¶s crewel wool (11). oval eyes and sharp points for piercing the ground fabric.
Tapestry needles are sized differently than crewel needles:
above. look for a quilter¶s hoop. some rely on the close fit of the two rings to produce tension on the fabric. most hoops are 3/8´ to 1/2´ ) deep and from 3 to 8 in diameter. others have metal springs or tightening screws. Embroidery scissors are small and sharp. Embroidery Frames holding the fabric under tension as you stitch is important if you want your stitches to look uniform and the fabric to remain free from puckers. and protects you from accidental stabs.) removing the hoop after each stitching session will keep your fabric free from permanent creases
. it¶s a personal choice. Other embroidery tools needle book or needle case safely stores needles in one place. choose a hoop that¶s larger than the size of the design. and are usually used for counted-thread work. Threader is invaluable for threading multiple strands of floss or thick thread onto a needle. keeps them organized by size. the simplest solution is a set of labeled plastic resealable bags. some stitches wouldn¶t stitch without one. keep them in a sheath to protect the points (and your hands!). and give yourself time to adjust to it. hoops are simple round or oval frames composed of a pair of closely-fitting wood. q-snaps. reserve your scissors only for embroidery so they stay clean and sharp. (if you need a large hoop for your project. use them when you need to weave a second thread in to the surface of a completed stitch and do not want to piece either the fabric or the underlying stitches. experiment to see if a thimble is right for you. Thimble protects your middle fingertip as you stitch. because a hoop will crush stitches. for embroidery.m helpful when stitching bullion knots which beginners often find tricky. hoops. sectioned box designed for stitches. oval eyes and blunt ends which do not pierce the ground fabric. while others find them distracting. or metal rings. Thread Organizer keeps your embroidery threads clean and untangled. if you do a lot of stitching. invest in a large. . clockwise from upper left: stretcher bars. and will save you time and irritation. plastic. tapestry needles have extra-long.
first stretch your fabric over the frame. Q.and indentations. Stretcher Bars are also modular.snap s are a modular system of four plastic tubes called ³elbows´ in various lengths (6 . not painting.) unlike the two previous methods. 8 . all interchangeable) that join together to form a rectangular frame. buy only the lengths you need for your project.
. 11 17´. then snap four plastic clamps over the sides of the frame. this frame is designed to hold the fabric for the entire time you are stitching it. attach the edges of the your fabric to the wooden bars with thumbtacks. and consist of pairs of 3/4´ square wood strips that dovetail at the corners to form a rectangular frame. stapling is not recommended. (look for bars intended for needlework. q-snaps are as easy as hoops for mounting and removing fabric.