May 9, 10, 11, 12 13 & 14th

Abstracts
African American Studies
Title: “The Civil Rights Cases of 1883: Deep Ripples in the American Political Sphere” Student Name: Corey Dixon-Weekes Class Standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Jessica Gordon Nembhard Department: African American Studies Format: PowerPoint My submission is a critical examination of the decision and dissent of 109 U.S. 3, also known as The Civil Rights Cases of 1883, which rendered unconstitutional the first two sections of the Civil Rights Act of 1875. I consider as well the repercussions of the Supreme Court of the United State's ruling through the following 128 years. In my essay I examine both Bradley's opinion and Harlan's dissent using both as springboards for the construction of extended personal arguments in support of the opinion and the dissent. In proving the pervasiveness of this decision upon U.S. policy I continue with an examination of the continuing effect of 109 U.S. 3 in our history as a motivator of cases to come from Plessy v. Ferguson only thirteen years later to the surprisingly recent invocation of the decision in the 2000 case of United States v. Morrison which rendered an important section of the 1994 Violence Against Women Act unconstitutional. In examining the distant and near examples of the dismissal of attempts to protect minority interests within our country I display the manner in which enforcement of the egalitarian spirit is consistently harried. The perhaps random and superficial application of the fight between state’s rights and federalism leaves those most in need of attention beyond the reach of both parties, state and nation, in limbo.

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Title: The Transformation of African Religion in Haiti Student name: Latoya Coldwell Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Issac Xerxes Malki Department: African American Studies Format: PowerPoint This paper will explore how Haitian voodoo is not a syncretic merge of two religions but instead consists of a symbiotic relationship. I will first give some historical information about the different African ethnic groups that came to Haiti and what kind of religious identity they brought with them. I will discuss how the imported peoples of Africa came to the island of Hispaniola and started a new religious identity. In addition, I will examine the uses of Catholic religious symbols used during the voodoo ceremony and the important roles that the Virgin Mary, the different saints, and the altar play within the voodoo religion. Second, this paper will discuss the similar dress code of the catholic ceremonies, and voodoo rituals. It will focus on how important these two religions are to the Haitian people and why they feel it is important to practice both religions with equal respect and loyalty. This paper will also discuss the ceremonial structure within the voodoo religion. Last, voodoo has traveled from Africa, to Haiti, to the United States never changing its close relationship to Catholicism and the voodoo identity. Now that it has become a legal religion/ religious identity in the nation of Haiti. It can be sure that the voodoo religion will become even more influential in Haiti. * Title: Water Rights: The Politics and Business of Water Student name: Simone Smillie Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Issac Xerxes Malki Department: African American Studies Format: PowerPoint Water management is a key step in combating worldwide water shortages. Water is not an infinite resource which most people believe. Only about one percent of the world's water is accessible to use for all our daily needs but nearly one billion people lack access to safe water. However, do international organizations like the WB/IMF effectively address the issue of access to water by suggesting countries to privatize their water supply? Nevertheless, my research question: do the policies of the IMF/WB conflict with the human right to water? My paper will be focused on various regions because I picked several countries such as Bolivia as case study to measure the success or failure of water privatization. My research compared and contrasted different cases which critique the pros and cons of water privatization. I analyzed the countries looking for case studies in which water privatization worked, did not work, and another case that was in the middle, with some success and failure. The measurement being used in my case study is the success of the private water companies meaning did they make the people better or worse off, consequences the country faced by not following through on their water contract by the international organizations and the tactics the IMF/WB use to corner countries into an agreement. I showed that there is a negative trend in the privatization of water utilities followed

by the implementation of IMF/WB policy which indicates the ineffectiveness of their policy which I hypothesized. The theory I applied is the Marxist theory where water is being exploited as a commodity through capitalism and class conflict. *

Anthropology
Title: “Public Perception of the NYPD Stop and Frisk Program” Student name: Emily Joseph Class standing: Junior Faculty: Prof. R. Terry Furst Department: Anthropology Format: PowerPoint The purpose of this research is to ascertain the public’s experience with the New York Police Department (NYPD) Stop and Frisk program and describe their views of the program. The data were gathered through student-conducted intercept interviews containing both open- and closedended questions in New York City’s five boroughs. To ensure research subjects were ethically protected, all student interviewers completed the on-line Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative (CITI) respondent protection course offered by CUNY. Respondents were qualified as eligible to be interviewed only if they knew what the NYPD Stop & Frisk program is and could verify how they knew about the program. Survey questions included: Have you ever been stopped by the police? If yes, how many times have you been stopped? Do you think the Stop & Frisk program has reduced crime in your neighborhood? What crimes do you think it has reduced? Would you advocate stopping the program? Do you believe that police officers have quotas to fill in this program? Do you think some people in the neighborhood are more likely to be stopped than others? While the data are not representative of public opinion, the purposeful selection of interviewees provides new information about public perception of the NYPD Stop & Frisk policy and effectiveness. Ongoing analysis attempts to determine the views of those who have been stopped and their approval of the Stop & Frisk Program. In addition, analysis endeavors to shed light on the public’s belief on whether the NYPD has a quota system. *

Art
Title: What are you? Student name: Marisa Simon Class standing: BA/MA Faculty: Prof. Roberto Visani Department: Art & Music Format: Original Artwork (Approximately 32”x 38” - Clay, Mirror, and Plywood) Throughout my life I have been asked the question, “What are you?” Due to my racial background the answer is not readily apparent. But aren’t we more than the sum of our parents nationalities? Is that all that we are? This work is representative of my feelings about my heritage, and also my belief that we are each unique souls that are infinitely connected. *

Title: Castelo Branco Student name: Marisa Simon Class standing: BA/MA Faculty: Prof. Cyriaco Lopes Department: Art & Music Format: Original Artwork (Approximately 20” x 20” – Framed Silver Gelatin Print) Photographed while residing in the Azores; an island chain off the coast of Portugal, this piece shows my ambivalence about living in a foreign culture. The arched window is representative of the long cultural history the islanders I met were able to reflect upon. The graffiti shows the clash which modernity has brought upon a culture which has experienced more than 3 out of 4 of its youth emigrating to America or Europe at their first opportunity. * Title: Art Critique – Art 299 Student name: Marian Bencea, Sheila Briggs, Nancy Burton, Sidra Choudhry, Michelle Chumpitaz, Renee Edison-Kaplan, Marcia Godosky, Violetta Kamelgarn-Greer, Rachel Lindell, Cheyenne Lloyd, Giovanni Lorusso, Veronica Martinez, Stephan Velez, Marisa Simon Class standing: Senior, Senior, Non-degree, Senior, Sophomore, Non-degree, Non-degree, Sophomore, Senior, Senior, Sophomore, Sophomore, Senior Faculty: Prof. Roberto Visani Department: Art & Music Format: Sculpture *

Communication and Theatre Arts
Title: Improv 115 Student Name: Kristin Antonelle, Ashley Ali, Annice Auriemma, Dorri Benjamin, Larry Campos, Greg Conlon, Joseph DeSantola, José Dominicci, Hipolito Duran, Jose Espinal, Kelley Gottschall, Melissa Harvin, Anthony Huayta, Donald Jacobs, Helen Lara, Taylor-Monique McKay, Martin Panek, Regina Sheeran, Anirica Taveras, Jonathan Torres, Kareema Watkins, Bradley Williams Class standing: Senior, Freshman, Sophomore, Senior, Freshman, Freshman, Freshman, Sophomore, Senior, Sophomore, Freshman, Senior, Sophomore, Freshman, Freshman, Freshman, Freshman, Senior, Freshman, Freshman, Freshman, Freshman Faculty: Prof. Meghan Duffy Department: Communication & Theatre Arts Format: Creative Performance This is an end of the semester performance for Professor Duffy’s Improv 115 class that shows off what we have learned about improvisation and theatre. Our goal in our performance is to show our fellow students and onlookers the importance of theatre, play, and performance play in the lives of the students. We aim to show that improvisation is fun and productive, and it allows you to express yourself in a new and interesting way. We will be performing in the cafeteria using no more than the lights in the room, the stage, and our own wits, with no pre planned script or significant planning in our routines. The class is also made up of amateur actors who haven’t

performed on the stage before, but have decided to throw away our “judging specters” in order to grow as individuals. We wish to show everyone the joy that we have obtained through improvisation to the John Jay community. * Title: Birth of Imagination Student name: Pedro Morel, Julieta Dalmazzo, Shyann Ferguson, Martine Merceron, Kenneth Beattie, Silky Gajwani, Dimal Basha, Pedro Morillo Jr., Emmanuel Pena, Class standing: Senior, Junior, Senior, Senior, Junior, Freshman, Senior, Senior, Junior Faculty: Prof. Meghan Duffy Department: Communication & Theatre Arts Format: Creative Performance Improvisation is an art that can be done by anyone. Our performance takes back the art of American improvisation to its roots in social work and experiential learning. It helps release stress, makes people become aware of their environment, and supports individuals in overcoming personal and social obstacles. We plan on using the art of improvisation to educate and entertain viewers in a different way which has rarely been presented within John Jay College. Within our presentation we will deal with topics that are relevant to both students and faculty within the college. Every act is created to include members of our audience. No script will be use during our performance, this helps to maintain the basic idea of improvisation. The show will be fun, but at the same time it will sent viewers an important message. * Title: The Hijabi Monologues Student name: Norhan Basuni, Tatian Biess, Sonia Chowdhury, Laura Galeano, Rabiah Gul, Rochel Horowitz, Smantha Lawrence, Natalia Lysetska, Audriane Moss, Yanice Santos, Carla Scollo, Katherine Vargas, Janaya Williams Class Standing: Senior, Freshman, Graduate, Freshman, Freshman, Senior, Senior, Senior, Senior, Junior, Sophomore, Junior, Senior Faculty: Prof. Lorraine Moller Department: Communication & Theatre Arts Format: Performance The Hijabi Monologues is an collection of stories that portray the experiences of American Muslim women with humor and poignancy. Unlike Eve Ensler’s production, The Vagina Monologues, which gives voice to a private aspect of women’s lives, The Hijabi Monologues takes something public, the hijab or headscarf, and gives the audience a lens through which to view assumptions about American Muslim women and Islam. The stories cover a range of experiences from a traumatic search by the FBI, to the awkward and sometimes hilarious response of men who flirt with hijabi women. The cast consists of American Muslim and non-Muslim students. The Hijabi Monologues by playwright, Sahar Ishtiaque Ullah, is produced and directed by Professor Moller, Department of Communication and Theatre Arts. This theatrical production is part of a larger effort to increase awareness about Islam entitled, Mosques, Veils and Madrassas: Muslims and Institutions of Justice in Pluralistic Societies.”

* Title: Acting II: A Scene Competition Student name: Kenneth Beattie, Sabrina Blount, Louis Caputo, Kevin Cheng, Frederic De La Rosa Jr., Jose Espinal, Tenaj Fontus, Ethlyn Frempong,Usman Ghafoor, Edwin Hernandez, Rochel Horowitz, Kristen Hutcheinson, Konstant Kapelonis, Gabriell Lascano, Samantha Lawrence, Natalia Lysetska, Freda Manning, Manolo Morales, Pedreo Morel, Charlie nunez, Bianca Rodriguez, Milena Seecoomar, Gabriel Torres Class sanding: Junior, Junior, Freshman, Junior, Sophomore, Sophomore, Junior, Sophomore, Junior, Senior, Senior, Senior, Freshman, Sophomore, Senior, Senior, Senior, Junior, Senior, Junior, Senior, Junior, Sophomore Faculty: Prof. Lorraine Moller Department: Communication & Theatre Arts Format: Performance As a culminating activity of DRA214 Acting II, students will present contemporary and 20th Century scenes from established plays to compete for Best Overall Performance. Ten scenes presented from comedy and drama will be performed. Two respondents will judge the scenes using a set criterion which includes believability, physicalization, concentration and technique.

Criminal Justice
Student name: Stanislav Sazonov Class standing: Graduate Faculty: Prof. Andrew Karmen Department: Sociology/Criminal Justice Format: Presentation This masters thesis in criminal justice investigated the extent that street gang members have entered the U.S. armed forces. The research questions included: which gangs are present in the military, what bases have experienced the most incidents, and what is the military doing about this problem? * Student name: Sara Salzinger Class standing: Graduate Faculty: Prof. Andrew Karmen Department: Sociology/Criminal Justice Format: Presentation This masters thesis in criminal justice is examining the growth and development of restorative justice programs. Through the use of a survey and phone interviews, the research questions that will be addressed include whether over the years the programs have broadened the kinds of cases that they handle by bringing victims and offenders together.

* Student name: Iris Hill Class standing: Graduate Faculty: Prof. Andrew Karmen Department: Sociology/Criminal Justice Format: Presentation This masters thesis in criminal justice is analyzing how the introduction of “STARS” – a management approach similar to the NYPD’s “Compstat” transformed the operations of the New York City Department of Probation during the years that John Jay Prof. Martin Horn was the commissioner. * Student name: Dimas Cortez Class standing: Graduate Faculty: Prof. Andrew Karmen Department: Sociology/Criminal Justice Format: Presentation This masters thesis in criminal justice examines the changes that have taken place in the Mott Haven neighborhood of the South Bronx. Veteran police officers, long-time residents, long serving teachers, and local store owners were interviewed and asked to compare the “bad old days” of the late 1980s and early 1990s to the much safer current conditions in this gentrifying community, and they volunteered some surprising responses. * Student name: Hideki Aida Class standing: Graduate Faculty: Prof. Andrew Karmen Department: Sociology/Criminal Justice Format: Presentation This masters thesis in criminal justice explores the attitudes held by NYPD officers about police auxiliaries, and the opinions of auxiliaries about the NYPD by analyzing the postings on a law enforcement oriented website. The sources of conflict and the grounds for cooperation are identified in this content analysis of comments uploaded by these two groups. * Student name: Vishal Mukherjee Class standing: BA/MA Faculty: Prof. Andrew Karmen Department: Sociology/Criminal Justice Format: Presentation

This masters thesis in criminal justice examines last fall’s ballot initiative in California to legalize marihuana. The research questions include which groups voted for and against the proposition, and why. * Student name: Lisa Merling Class standing: Graduate Faculty: Prof. Andrew Karmen Department: Sociology/Criminal Justice Format: Presentation This masters thesis in criminal justice compares the gang problem in the United States to the gang problem in Romania. It will focus on the “Roma” (“gypsies”) to see if negative stereotypes have any basis in fact. * Student name: Clemmy Eneas-Varence Class standing: Graduate Faculty: Prof. Andrew Karmen Department: Sociology/Criminal Justice Format: Presentation This masters thesis in criminal justice will identify apparently successful treatment modalities for sex offenders in the United States. Then the researcher will ask knowledgeable criminal justice officials in the Bahamas about their opinions about whether these various alternative treatment approaches intended to address the problems of sex offenders should be implemented in that country. * Student name: Robert Thursland Class standing: Graduate Faculty: Prof. Andrew Karmen Department: Sociology/Criminal Justice Format: Presentation This masters thesis in criminal justice carries out a cost-benefit analysis of the NYPD’s Police Cadet program. The research question will be determine if these college-educated officers who entered the force in 1990 rose through the ranks to sergeant at a faster rate than their police academy peers who were not cadets. * Title: Bail in New York and Pakistan Student name: Sadaf Durrani Class standing: Graduate

Faculty: Prof. Andrew Karmen Department: Sociology/Criminal Justice Format: Presentation This masters thesis in criminal justice will examine a number of common and distinct features in the bail systems of the United States (and New York City in particular) and Pakistan. The comparative analysis of the two systems will provide an opportunity to discover not only the similarities and dissimilarities existing in the two systems, but will help to identify the best and the worst features of the two systems as well. Thus this study will result in some important policy recommendations for the revision and the improvement of the bail system in New York City as well as Pakistan. * Student name: Cem Sekerci Class standing: Graduate Faculty: Prof. Andrew Karmen Department: Sociology/Criminal Justice Format: Presentation This masters thesis in criminal justice looks at the complex laws and international agreements that have been passed in the past few decades to thwart attempts to finance terrorist activities. In particular, the degree of compliance with these regulations by the governments of the United States and of Turkey are the focus of attention. * Student name: Allie Levy Class standing: Graduate Faculty: Prof. Andrew Karmen Department: Sociology/Criminal Justice Format: Presentation This masters thesis in criminal justice will examine how victims are drawn into Ponzi schemes. In particular, it will focus on how the victim’s membership in a community is exploited by the white collar scammer. * Student name: Marisa Simon Class standing: BA/MA Faculty: Prof. Andrew Karmen Department: Sociology/Criminal Justice Format: Presentation This masters thesis in criminal justice will explore the possibility that first time non-violent offenders who are incarcerated may suffer experiences that bring about post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Knowledgeable mental health professionals in the New York City jail system

will be interviewed to determine whether PTSD is a problem among the inmates in their institutions. * Student name: Iyeda Smith Class standing: Graduate Faculty: Prof. Andrew Karmen Department: Sociology/Criminal Justice Format: Presentation This masters thesis in criminal justice will perform an analysis of the lives of ten leading African American men who have written books about their lives that detail their childhood hardships leading to their involvement in street crime, and the ways they were able to abandon those selfdefeating behaviors in order to achieve success in their chosen fields. The research question is who or what changed the trajectory of these young men’s lives? * Student name: Marin Kurti Class standing: Graduate Faculty: Prof. Andrew Karmen Department: Sociology/Criminal Justice Format: Presentation This masters thesis in criminal justice is entitled “Where There's Smoke, There's Fire: The Illegal Cigarette Market in the South Bronx.” The South Bronx is one of the poorest districts in the United States with 38% of persons living below the poverty level. It also has the highest rates of adult and youth smokers in New York City. Thus, this research uses litter pack data, the collection of discarded cigarette packs, conducted in representative census tracts, to estimate what proportion of cigarettes smoked in the South Bronx were illegally smuggled in and unlawfully sold in that neighborhood. * Student name: Lee Mather Class standing: Graduate Faculty: Prof. Andrew Karmen Department: Sociology/Criminal Justice Format: Presentation This masters thesis in criminal justice attempts to answer the research question: how do teenagers obtain marihuana. Based on interviews with John Jay undergraduates who acknowledged smoking marihuana, the researcher will be able to estimate the proportion who obtain their supply from family and friends as opposed to “dealers” and other relative strangers. * Student name: Ian Stuart

Class standing: Graduate Faculty: Prof. Andrew Karmen Department: Sociology/Criminal Justice Format: Presentation This masters thesis in criminal justice examines how misbehavior in school has been criminalized and now is handled as a police matter leading to arrest as well as suspension or expulsion. A public high school to prison pipeline has developed. Alternative ways to address misbehavior will be proposed. * Student name: Ami Oded Class standing: Graduate Faculty: Prof. Andrew Karmen Department: Sociology/Criminal Justice Format: Presentation This completed masters thesis examined what people think about “community service.” Three groups were asked their opinions: petty offenders who were ordered to perform community service, probation officers who supervised them, and John Jay College grad students who studied criminal justice issues. * Student name: Asha Panduranga Class standing: Graduate Faculty: Prof. Andrew Karmen Department: Sociology/Criminal Justice Format: Presentation This masters thesis in criminal justice examines the history and evolution of the New York City Civilian Complaint Review Board (CCRB). The focus will include the controversies surrounding the agency’s operations and the current challenges that the agency is facing. * Student name: Valerie Fite Tallent Class standing: Graduate Faculty: Prof. Andrew Karmen Department: Sociology/Criminal Justice Format: Presentation This masters thesis in criminal justice explores the reasons why women who have been victims of sexual violence do not come forward and report their ordeals to the police. In particular, the research focuses on the situational factors prevailing in a small rural community in the southeast, where victims were interviewed about their decisions not to report the sex crimes committed against them. *

Economics
Title: Sustainability Indicators for John Jay Student name: Liliya Kozak, Simone Smillie, Stefan Williams Class standing: Senior, Senior, Junior Faculty: Prof. Joan Hoffman Department: Economics Format: Posters (2) Sustainable development concerns every living organism on this planet. John Jay College has a sustainability committee to help the College reduce its carbon Footprint. Our team is focusing on developing two types of indicators to help inform, engage and guide the College community in this endeavor. Our draft indicators will be for a single year. Hopefully the College community will build on this work to track indicators over time. Our first indicator measures John Jay’s performance on the nine CUNY- wide sustainability goals (energy, water, transportation, recycling, procurement, nutrition, curriculum, student and staff engagement and communication). We shall select three components for each of the nine sustainability goals, and identify a baseline and standard of goal attainment for each. Each of the initial nine indicators will be a bar showing the simple weighted average of the three components. We hope that work by the sustainability committee, and faculty and students in other classes will lead to the further development of this indicator. Our second indicator would track and reveal the components of the College’s carbon footprint. This indicator would be a single bar graph of total emissions which identifies the different emission sources. (E.g.: energy use, waste generation, consumption of products). We are proposing that some of the measurements for this indicator would be done as projects by students on campus. One example would be exercises in math classes. We hope that our contribution services as a building block for a healthier, greener, more sustainable campus. *

English
Title: “Here Comes the Blog” Student name: John Sodaro Class standing: Junior Faculty: Professor Alexa Capeloto Department: English Format: PowerPoint The Digital Journalism independent study class has made an old school newspaper reader into a believer in the blog. With this class I have been able widen my journalistic psyche and see that typing a URL to get specific information is more effective and faster than flipping through a newspaper. The most important part of this class is the way it has convinced me to always look to new and innovative ways to convey a message to an audience.

Digital Journalism has had the class create a blog site that we maintain through the semester with a journalistic approach to a specific idea. My idea came from life experience. In April, my wife and I are expecting are first baby and I created an expectant father blog to show our ups and downs while also providing information to other expectant fathers to lesson their anxiety. My skepticism about maintaining a blog like this was quickly subdued when I received overwhelmingly good feed back on the idea from an unexpected audience, 18-24 year old college men(most of which are not looking at fatherhood in the near future). With this “thumbs up”, I proceeded. Working on the blog has been tremendous for me. I won my wife over with the idea because she was overwhelmed with my eagerness to participate in the nine month saga, and along the way have won over a rough crowd with my post, current and former United States Marines, who don’t like to show too much emotion. The greatest gift is that of learning about what my wife’s going through and also explaining my emotions as the journey has come along. The theme of the blog is great because after the birth of my son, I can change the material from “expectant dad” to plain “dad”. Blog: Here Comes the Jet, at herecomesthejet.wordpress.com * Title: “Mrs. Vegetarian Blogs” Student name: John Sodaro Class standing: Junior Faculty: Professor Alexa Capeloto Department: English Format: PowerPoint Blogging for English 393 has changed my perspective on digital media. It has shown me that there is an array of social media outlets, and we can bridge a connection between these social outlets and our daily lives. It was through this understanding that I decided to create a blog that can meet the journalistic requirements of English 393 and apply it towards my personal experiences. Inspired by my husband’s activism and his ideologies, I decided to create a vegetarian blog. My blog focuses on vegetarians in New York struggling to find suitable grocery products at affordable prices. English 393 gave me the tools to create a blog with an easy to use interface, and I added the personality that allows my blog to live and breathe in the social media world. At times it can be difficult to make my blog appealing, but everyday English 393 teaches me new and entertaining digital programs that keep my vegetarian audience interested. Blog: Mrs. Vegetarian, at mrsvegetarian.wordpress.com * Title: Navigating Toni Morrison’s Paradise Student name: Javier Cotto, Desiree Mathurin, Alexandria Morris, John Sodaro, Sean Whetstone Class standing: Junior, Junior, Junior, Senior, Junior Faculty: Prof. Bettina Carbonell

Department: English Format: PowerPoint Title: Manmatha Student name: Josephine Chumpitaz Class standing: Sophomore Faculty: Prof. Adam McKible Department: English Format: Original Artwork Manmatha is a portrayal of R.K Narayan’s beloved yet tortured character, Sita, of the shortened prose The Ramayana. The painting is acrylic on canvas, with a special homage to surrealistic technique. Sita is poised while engulfed in the undulating flames that will reveal to her rescuer and husband, Rama, that she will restore his untainted perception of her. Sita’s character is shaped during her experiences in exile with Rama, whose obligations are adherent to a policy of absolute justice and honor. Rama’s concept of justice will eventually undergo a major shift, as both his sense of leadership to the Ikshvahu race, his emotional pride, and Sita’s captivity are juxtaposed. Despite having been held captive by Rama’s persistent tormentor, Ravana, enduring the bellowing of Ravana’s army of Rakshasa’s, and bearing the humiliation of rejection by Rama, Sita continued to endure a life in trial. Her trial by fire exemplifies the manifestation of Manmatha, that is, the god of love. Through out the text Manmatha is scolded by Rama in his ashram (dwelling place) and by Sita as she suffered the pangs of love and longing. Manmatha’s very presence in the lives of Sita, Rama, and Ravana is essentially what stirred the captivity of Sita. The catalyst to Sita’s caitifdom is illustrated by Mareecha, the golden deer which Rama attempts to slay for Sita’s affection. Mareecha, wed to self preservation, is protected by a gas mask from the mushroom cloud that elevates from the crown of Sita’s calcined carcass. * Title: Normality, Erotic Desires and Ethics in Katherine Dunn’s Geek Love Student name: Adriana Beach Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Olivera Ojokic Department: English Format: PowerPoint In her unique novel Geek Love, Katherine Dunn creates a representation of a family in which children whose bodies are abnormal—deformed—live in a normal world. The fact that these characters’ abnormalities were intentionally created by the characters’ parents makes interesting not only their personal histories, but also their actions and emotions. These characters are physically different than the outside world, but their emotions seem to be the same as those in humans whose bodies are conventional. Katherine Dunn places recognizable emotions and interactions (sibling rivalry, jealousy, parental love, children’s resentment, codependence) within the lives of these deformed characters. The similarities the characters share with the world from which they are supposed to be different make the reader question what normality is. Is the definition of normal static or volatile, and who has the power to make this

distinction? This paper will argue that the questions elicited by the novel about the conventions and boundaries of normality are philosophical questions about the relationship between egotism, erotic desires and ethics.

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Title: Ethical Egotism in Dangerous Liaisons Student name: Anamika Kumari Class standing: Junior Faculty: Prof. Olivera Ojokic Department: English Format: PowerPoint The characters of Marquise de Merteuil and Vicomte de Valmont in Dangerous Liaisons by Choderlos De Laclos can be read as representations of the idea of ethical egotism. Merteuil frequently brags about how she has made herself strong and how no one can be like her. In letter 81, the reader can clearly see that she claims how important it is for women to be able to detach oneself from emotions so they can play the game of gender with more power. For this reason, she can be seen as a strong, feminist character who has very unconventional views on how women should behave. However, despite her argument for women's power, her views can be considered unethical because they are tainted by her egotism. Her letters become an archive which proves her manipulation and shows that her ethical principles can actually have a negative effect on women. Valmont, on the other hand, is vain about his power to manipulate women because he understand the weaknesses women have and Merteuil describes. He plays his games carefully and shows that he understands how to make women fall for him. A crucial point of agreement between Merteuil and Valmont is that they both know these rules, and she knows that he knows how to play the game. Valmont also shares his helpful advice about love with Danceny, a young man without experience, and at the same time he is trying to get Presidente de Tourvel, a woman of high moral principles, to sleep with him. His letters and his actions are always hypocritical. Despite their claims to power and their temporary triumphs, these characters' egotism is their downfall by the end of the novel. Although we get to admire their cunning and their strategies, the novel ultimately suggests that ethical extremes such as these would be punished by society.

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Title: Business of Family: Why We Need Love, according to Geek Love Student name: Benjamin Passikoff Class standing: Junior Faculty: Prof. Olivera Ojokic Department: English Format: PowerPoint

Katherine Dunn’s novel Geek Love is a book about a family who constantly seem to be in dire situations. The family is pushed to such extremes that their relationships are warped. They have different values than “normal” people do, but it is not because they are physically different. Their physical attributes exclude them from participating in normal society because people will not accept them. They are attacked and threatened. Their exclusion from society is not by their own volition, and yet, they have to participate in it that society the same way everyone else does in one sense, capitalistically that is. They must earn a living, and they do so by maintaining a freak show for the “normal” people. This essay shows that they are forced to commodify their own family members and each other and that capitalism is the cause of most of the required commercialization. They must adhere to economic necessity, living in a capitalist society, and yet, being socially alienated, their jobs are much more difficult. Katherine Dunn has used this family to tell not merely a social story but an economic one as well. Moral values are established in interactions with other people. Successful human interaction, especially in the United States, is linked to economic prosperity, and the contradiction of this family’s state of being is that they are not worthy of interaction with regular people, but they must be if they want to survive. Their economical worth is directly related to the family’s success, and their love for each other is equated to their economic value as members of the freak show. The moral values of this family’s members are thereby melded, whereas a regular person has independent sympathetic and economic values. However, that is why this is an important book. It is not a story of fascist capitalism or a cautionary tale of consumption, but instead, an example of the very problem that presents itself when the possibilities of moral judgment are confined within the limits of a capitalist economy. Moral judgment is not an absolute. It is completely relative and this family cannot be judged as morally wrong. There is a scale of moral value, which for them is skewed, and this is because of the contradictory relationship between the moral values of society and capitalism.

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Title: Moral Conditioning: the Case of “No Country for Old Men” Student name: Tiffany Patterson Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Olivera Ojokic Department: English Format: PowerPoint Simon Blackburn explains in Being Good that “relativism” is related to “hermeneutics.” Both terms are relevant to questions of ethics because they concern interpretation and how particular interpretations can be imposed as universal truths. However, there are no “universal truths” according to Blackburn. For example, he explains that there are laws that work in one country, but those same laws may not be applicable in another country. What is more, Blackburn claims, our ethical laws and ideas of morality are not at all universal, nor are they natural. They are, in fact, conditioned responses of the less powerful to the influence of the more powerful. Such moral conditioning affects a person’s alternate perception, without the person having approved or contested it.

Blackburn’s theory is helpful for understanding the ethical question posed by the film No Country for Old Men. The film’s audience is predisposed to perceive the killer, Anton Chigurh, as immoral, as well as worthy of legal punishment for his countless murderous acts. Could this be moral conditioning at work? Indeed, it is morally expected and culturally acceptable to brand the antagonist, Anton Chigurh, a “bad man.” But the film makes it possible for our feelings for specific characters to be reversed—just as long as we recognize our conditioned response to murder. When we take a deeper look into the meaning of Anton Chigurh’s importance as a character, we realize that Anton Chigurh has principles and rules in which he lives by, just as we do; however, the way in which Anton Chigurh exercises those principles and rules are not done in ways which are considered acceptable by our standards.

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Title: Sentiments of the Feminist: the Epistemology of Emotion in Dangerous Liaisons Student name: Javon Taylor Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Olivera Ojokic Department: English Format: PowerPoint Choderlos de Laclos’ Les Liaisons dangerous (Dangerous Liaisons) offers an epistemology of women’s emotion—a philosophy of knowledge about how women feel. This philosophy is expressed through the character of Marquise de Merteuil. This epistemology is grounded on claims of cultural relativism according to which human beings shape their lives in accordance with cultural and social norms. Philosopher Immanuel Kant has argued that human beings are unable to conceive direct knowledge of the world; rather human beings learn from experiences which shape ideas and beliefs of a society or culture. The philosophy of emotion in Laclos’ Dangerous Liaisons is a version of Kant’s epistemology. The characters in the novel learn to blend or abuse cultural norms so that the norms would accommodate their lives. Marquise de Merteuil formulates a philosophy according to which women who follow their hearts are left only with emotions that inevitably change. According to Merteuil, it would be better for women to control their emotions and rely on their intelligence: to focus on their long-term well-being in favor of temporary feelings of love and infatuation.

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Title: Co-existing: Egotism and Security in Shirley Jackson’s “The Lottery” Student name: Anthony Thomas Class standing: Junior Faculty: Prof. Olivera Ojokic Department: English Format: PowerPoint Shirley Jackson’s “The Lottery” tells a story about a community that practices lottery drawing annually. The lottery results in the death of one citizen, selected at random, but through a careful

procedure. The annual “lottery” defines the town for those who live in it. It preserves its civilization or the culture and shows it to be stable community to those outside. I argue that the lottery is fueled not just by respect for traditional values but also by a sense of egotism. The individuals within the community follow the principle “it has always been done this way.” The lottery provides a secure platform on which the sacred traditional practices can be displayed and preserved. The need to preserve the tradition and the community’s image in the eyes of its citizens and the eyes of outsiders promotes what seems like irrational behavior. The end point of the “lottery” is stoning—the death of a citizen. The egotism that produces the brutal effect of death in the community becomes the identity for each individual and then fuels the ego of the society as a whole. This paper will discuss how such a psychological transgression involves considerations of selfinterest and becomes a matter of consensus among individuals in a community. It will argue that egotism and self-interest are crucial to understanding the continuation and survival of a community and preservation of a particular culture.

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Title: “We in chronic need of a second look at the law books, and the whole race dichotomy.” – Nasir Jones Student name: Rashida Davis Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Jonathan Gray Department: Englilsh Format: PowerPoint Historically, the law has marginalized the narratives of the Black community. Even though the law placed equality and justice out of reach for most Blacks, they continued to conceive of and work towards full participation in American society. The Black narrative receives uneven recognition under the law. While the civil rights movement thrust the Black narrative to the top of the political agenda, post civil rights narratives have faded into obsolescence. In response to the demand of equality and justice the law changed. However, as a result of those changes many Black narratives are now overlooked. The law’s failure to recognize equality as a concept that is continually evolving with time is the root of the Black community’s unrest. By examining Black narratives, one can see an incessant demand for equality and an end to injustice; which ultimately condemns an unjust American judicial system that is designed to oppress Blacks and serve the interests of the elite. The incessant demand for equality and an end to injustice can be traced in various forms of Black expression, from the slave narratives of Frederick Douglas and Harriet Jacobs, to the civil rights writings of Malcolm X and Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., to the 20thcentury prison writings, and the hip-hop narratives of Tupac Shakur, Nas and Immortal Technique. Black expression--which includes slave, civil rights, prison and hip-hop narratives— portrays the dehumanizing effects of the law on the Black community while also demonstrating the ability of expression to humanize Blacks. An unintended consequence of Black expression is that while revealing the interests of the elite who are predominantly white, but also includes African Americans, it disrupts the solidarity of the Black community. * Title: Chasing Pavement: Post-Colonial Women

Student name: Jayelle Dorsainville Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Allison Pease Department: English Format: PowerPoint The effects of colonization transcend time and hang over a people like a fog. Independence and autonomy become an active and ever-present goal. However, the women within Indian society fail to gain autonomy even after colonization. A woman’s second-class status is inescapable when the patriarchs within the society feel chained to the past. The colonial and post-colonial texts: A Passage to India, The Shadow Lines, and The God of Small Things provide commentary on downward oppression of women. Each text allows a female character to obtain a form of autonomy that is then stripped and self-destructive. The past and present time shifts also indicate that the trauma of colonization is ever-present. This study covers the seemingly doomed and tainted independence for women within this culture/society. An analysis of these texts alongside historical events seeks to dissect the power imbalance between men and women and colonizer and colonized. How these women are able to cope, and their inability to escape oppression is important to gender and post-colonial studies. The stories add nuance to our understanding of the oppressed, and the results of this psychological trauma. This study will assist in giving voice to the subaltern, and contribute to the ever-expanding research on the topic. * Title: Post-Colonial literature: Difference and Disjuncture Student name: Christopher McConnell Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Allison Pease Department: English Format: PowerPoint Colonialism in India has resulted in disjuncture and difference between various cultures. Most notable is the ambivalence that is evident as the British colonial powers attempt to influence the Indian populace. The coexistence of both opposing attitudes and feelings creates a lack of unity throughout the Indian subcontinent. Our independent study focused on three novels: God of Small Things, The Shadow Lines, and A Passage to India. These Post-Colonial literary works allowed us to explore the relationship between the colonizers from Britain and the natives of India. However, one thing that becomes quite clear to the reader is that uncertainty plays a vital role within post-colonial literature. Often times we find ourselves trapped within a muddle of mystery, chaos, and disorder. These narratives are often unclear and maintain an ambiguous nature. In this essay, I will argue that it is one’s imagined world that creates a sense of uncertainty within the novels. It is the ambiguity constrained within these imagined worlds, which taints our image of other’s perceived worlds. * Title: From Old to New China: Lifting the Burden Student name: Anu Jaswal Class standing:

Faculty: Prof. Toy-Fung Tung Department: English Format: PowerPoint * Title: Transferring from 2-Year to 4-Year Colleges: Problems and Solutions Student name: Kamar-Jay Foster Class standing: Sophomore Faculty: Prof. Toy-Fung Tung Department: English Format: PowerPoint

First Year Experience
Title: Sports and Society Student name: Jose Arcos, Matthew Camerino, Greg Conlon, Freddy Davila, Joseph De Santola, Iannis Etienne, Jeanne Hored, Carl Marzano, Malcolm Massimi, Robert McConnell, Michale Messing, Erika Meyo, Aleea Nicholson, Jasmine Parache, Jasmine Raphael, Michael Rodriguez, Lucas Stock, Samantha Tripodi, Bradley Williams, Ikea Williams, Bryan Zawislewski Class standing: Freshmen Faculty: Prof. Lori Latrice Martin, Prof. Timothy McCormick Department: African American Studies, English Format: Video A group of first year students participated in a learning community, led by Dr. Lori Latrice Martin, Department of African-American Studies, and Dr. Timothy McCormack, English Department. The theme for the learning community was sports and society. Students were enrolled in Ethnic Studies 125 and English 101 together. During the course, the students looked closely at the exciting, vibrant, 24/7/365 world of American sports, which is a telling microcosm of American culture today. Through reading, writing and observational research, the students turned a critical eye to professional and amateur sports and ask questions like: Why are there so few professional sports for women? Why do particular races appear to dominate certain sports? Are some Americans denied access to certain sports? And just what is a sport anyway? Each student was asked to answer a critical question about sports and society and write their findings in an end of the semester research project. The students were required to use a number of sources, including peer-reviewed sociological journal articles. The students documented the writing process in a very innovative way. They created a set of questions and interviewed one another about the writing process. They also interviewed Dr. McCormack and Dr. Martin.

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Title: Subway Social Research Student name: Diana Banisor, Andre Boone, Rogelio Brady, Anne-Chevealle Brown, Meriant Concepcion, Roxanne Croll, Jerrold Erat, Agatha Hendrickson, John Hold, Michael Incantalupo,

Diana Jadduroy, Kristina Lawrence, Andrew Mellina, Kyle Murray, Chris Nardi, Calen Oetiker, Alexis Pistone, Carlso Santana, Daniel Schwartz Class standing: Freshmen Faculty: Prof. Mark McBeth & Prof. Richard Ocejo Department: English & Sociology Format: Poster * Title: Tattoos are a Form of Art Student name: Michelle Santos, Travis Albrecht Class standing: Freshmen Faculty: Prof. Pat Licklider and Prof. Frank Gimpaya Department: English and Art & Music Format: Poster Title: Organ Donation Student name: Nandanie Beharry, Amanda Martinez, Natalie, Ramroop, Akeelah Zaman Class standing: Freshmen Faculty: Prof. Karen Beatty Department: Counseling Format: Poster * Title: Whiteness Student name: Jelani Anderson, Patrick McCurry, Kivara Powpour, Kelsie Tierney Class standing: Freshmen Faculty: Prof. Jama Adams and Prof. Tara Pauliny Department: African American Studies and English Format: Poster * Title: Cyber Harassment Student name: Jessie Auqui, Katherine Castaneda, Ana Lazo, Jenny Martinez Class standing: Freshmen Faculty: Isabel Martinez Department: Latin American and Latino/a Studies Format: Poster * Title: In a Perfect World of Criminal Justice Student name: Patrick Grimes Class standing: Freshman Faculty: Prof. Kimora and Prof. Geoffrey Jacques Department: Criminal Justice and English Format: Poster * Title: Podcast Presentations on Psychological Themes

Student name: Stephanie Bowen, Natalia Brulinski, Cinthia Campusano, manuel Castillo, Veronica Cichaczewski, Earslon Elcock Kayla Freser-Davis, Michael Guerrero, Jeanette Hernandez, Jacob Karpin, Michael Malfetano, Edward Matos, Rosa Melly, Luis Munive, Marialej Santiago, Kristen Shank, Michael Sheridan, Corrada Spatola, Navirlen Volcy, Ronny Wang Class standing: Freshmen Faculty: Prof. Kim Helmer and Prof. Jillian Grose Fifer Department: English and Psychology Format: Podcast Title: Wrongful Convictions and the Innocence Project Student name: Da hye Emily Park Class standing: Freshman Faculty: Prof. Kimora and Prof. Geoffrey Jacques Department: Criminal Justice and English

Honors Program
Title: Double Entendre: Exploring the Paradox of Punishment and its Consequences Student name: Celinet Duran Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Kyoo Lee Department: Philosophy Format: PowerPoint Presentation When we think about the law and justice, the role of punishment cannot go without consideration. Tradition dictates our actions have consequences, and if we break the law an appropriate punishment should follow. Ideally, good acts correspond with good consequences and bad acts are directly related to bad consequences. The ideals behind the social practices of “punishments” and “rewards” are geared towards promoting the former over the latter. The American prison system is one that seeks to promote social order by enforcing the view that criminal behavior remains a stigma for the community and should not be tolerated. But what happens when a system meant to resolve the problems of crime unintentionally generates more social unrest? Recently, issues concerning prisoner radicalization cause one to question whether the prison system is effectively accomplishing its goals. The focus of this research takes on a theoretical approach towards examining the “paradox of punishment” by examining its definition, application and consequences. * Title: On Lyrical Stress of Rap Music Student name: David Geliebter Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Evan Mandery Department: Criminal Justice Format: PowerPoint Presentation

The researchers played either a rap or heavy metal song version of the same song to 218 college students. The participants were then surveyed to determine lyrical recollection and comprehension of the song’s themes. Students who heard the rap version paid greater attention to the song’s themes and had better lyrical recollection. Also, students who had a pre-existing preference for rap music paid greater attention to song themes and had better lyrical recollection. This data strengthens the argument that rap music has a greater lyrical stress than heavy metal. Consequently, a “gangsta” rap song is more likely to be repeated, taken to heart, and acted upon than a “gangsta” heavy metal song. This finding offers important support for a non-race-based theory explaining the disproportionality between criticism of rap and heavy metal music. * Title: Historical Puzzle: Where was the ACLU in 1963? Student name: Michael Lugo, Jr. Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Evan Mandery Department: Criminal Justice Format: Poster In 1963, Justice Arthur Goldberg famously dissented from the Supreme Court’s denial of certiorari in Rudolph v. Alabama. This event was the beginning of the NAACP Legal Defense Fund’s highly successful involvement in litigating against the death penalty. Amazingly, however, the American Civil Liberties Union took a pass on the issue. The reasons for this are unknown. This case study explores why the ACLU, the leading defender of civil rights, did not support the issue. The study relies upon interviews with members of the ACLU from the 1960’s, archival analysis, and review of secondary sources. A content analysis will be employed to assess the relevant responses. * Title: Proposition 19: Battle over Regulating, Controlling & Taxing Cannabis Student name: Vishal Mukherjee Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Evan Mandery Department: Criminal Justice Format: PowerPoint Presentation The ballot initiative in California that would have given local authorities the ability to legalize and tax marijuana for personal consumption for people over the age of 21 did not pass in November 2010, despite leading in most surveys and polls prior to the month of October. Polls that still had the yes vote favored illustrated a much narrower margin, which necessitates examining why support for the measure dwindled as elections drew nearer. Journalists speculate that the races for governor and Senate in California overshadowed the vote because voters did not have enough time to review the measure and, therefore, defaulted towards maintaining the status quo. Financial contributions that were used to fund advertisements, among other things, heavily favored the “Yes on 19” campaign which raised $4.5 million, versus the “No on 19” campaign which raised $420,000. The purpose of this research is to investigate the factors that contributed to the failure of Proposition 19.

* Title: Honor Killing: A Woman's Tragedy - The Distinctions of Muslim and Hindu Honor Killings Student name: Jennifer Shim Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Evan Mandery Department: Criminal Justice Format: PowerPoint Presentation Honor killings have been a prevalent criminal phenomenon that is gradually gaining worldwide attention in the fields of social science and politic. Published data, however, is limited and many cases most likely go unrecognized. A majority of honor killings often happen in the realm of the Muslim world, but in recent years Hindu honor killings have gained media attention in India. The focus of this study is to determine the differences between Muslim and Hindu honor killings. The data consists of reported honor killing accounts that were systematically collected from published materials through print and media and coded according to specified variables such as victim’s age and gender, location and year, perpetrator’s relation to victim, motive, and method. The regions of focus are Pakistan and India. The analysis will be conducted by content analysis and case-by-case study. The researcher hopes to gain insight into honor killings in order to aid in forming possible effective resolutions. *

ISP/History
Title: Harlem including Spanish and West Harlem Student name: Eileen Irizarry Class Standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Sarah Friedland Department: Interdisciplinary Studies Program Format: Computer based portrait * Title: Playground Student name: Nilsa Rivera Class Standing: Junior Faculty: Prof. Sarah Friedland Department: Interdisciplinary Studies Program Format: Computer based portrait * Title: Two sides of Washington Heights Student name: Nikoleta Despodova Class Standing: Junior Faculty: Prof. Sarah Friedland

Department: Interdisciplinary Studies Program Format: Computer based portrait * Title: Outside my Window Student name: Olivia Robinson Class Standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Sarah Friedland Department: Interdisciplinary Studies Program Format: Computer based portrait * Title: China Town Student name: Nicolas Montano Class Standing: Junior Faculty: Prof. Sarah Friedland Department: Interdisciplinary Studies Program Format: Book portrait * Title: An American Suburb – Staten Island Student name: Jovanni Rodriguez Class Standing: Junior Faculty: Prof. Sarah Friedland Department: Interdisciplinary Studies Program Format: Book portrait *

International Criminal Justice
Title: Foundations of Scholarship in International Criminal Justice: Research Proposals Student name: Christopher Adao, Razibul Ahmed, Davina Alladin, Desrine Bridgemahon, Frank Cabral, Yi Cai, Carmen Espinal, Milena Filipova, Priscilla Goico, Yajaira Gonzalez, Rodrigo Guarachi, Viktoriy Iakoubtchik, Kaili Insalaco, Bartosz Klosek, Liliya Kozak, David Lee, Yichun Luo, Yanaris Mark, Atiba Maurice, Todor Nedev, Evelyn Palomino, Sonal Pandit, Johan Quinde, Olga Ragozina, Lia Rekhviashvili, Omar Said, Joseph Santiago, Enredi Shtylla, Dmitry Stepanenko, Natalie Vasquez, Sharminc Watson Class standing: Junior, Senior, Senior, Senior, Senior, Senior, Senior, Senior, Senior, Junior, Junior, Junior, Senior, Junior, Senior, Senior, Senior, Junior, Senior, Senior, Senior, Senior, Junior, Junior, Senior, Junior, Junior, Senior, Senior, Senior, Junior Faculty: Prof. Rosemary Barberet

Department: Sociology Format: PowerPoint

Ronald E. McNair Program
(Graduating Scholars)
Title: An Examination of the Impact of Culture on Domestic Violence Student name: Crystal Angerville Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Demis Glasford Department: Psychology Format: PowerPoint Presentation * Title: The Relationship between Suicide Ideation and Perfection in African American College Students Student name: Shavern Brown Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Elizabeth Jeglic Department: Psychology Format: PowerPoint Presentation * Title: Extremism in and out of Prison: A Case Study Approach Student name: Celinet Duran Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Joshua Freilich Department: Criminal Justice Format: PowerPoint Presentation * Title: “The Pages Look Alike to Me”: Minorities’ Response to Literacy Student name: Keeyah Hicks Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Jonathon Gray Department: English Format: PowerPoint Presentation * Title: An Examination of the relationship between Child Abuse & Depression Student name: Michelle Joaquin Class standing: Senior

Faculty: Prof. Cynthia Mercado Department: Psychology Format: PowerPoint Presentation * Title: The Holodomor and the politics of memory: The Formation of Ukrainian identity Student name: Nadiya Kostyuk Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Peter Romaniuk Department: Political Science Format: PowerPoint Presentation * Title: I Don’t Need You Today, but I May Need You Tomorrow: Understanding Patterns of Attachment in Socially Anxious People Student name: Katherine Navarro Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Cynthia Mercado Department: Psychology Format: PowerPoint Presentation * Title: An Exploration of Undergraduate Students Perception of the Mentally Ill Student name: Zavel Philip Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Carmen Solis Department: Graduate Studies Format: PowerPoint Presentation * Title: Exploring the Effects of Mobile Phone Usage on Academic Performance and Well-Being Student name: Emilio Tatis Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Elizabeth Jeglic Department: Psychology Format: PowerPoint Presentation * Title: Perceived Barriers to Educational and Career Goal Attainment among Latina College Students Student name: Stephanie Vigoya Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Cynthia Mercado Department: Psychology Format: PowerPoint Presentation

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Ronald E. McNair Program
(First Year Scholars)
Title: Student name: Gary Amores Class standing: Junior Faculty: Prof. Zelma Henriques Department: Law & Police Science Format: PowerPoint * Title: Student name: Popy Begum Class standing: Junior Faculty: Prof. Jana Arsovska Department: Sociology Format: PowerPoint * Title: Student name: Emily Beniquez Class standing: Junior Faculty: Prof. Maureen Allwood Department: Psychology Format: PowerPoint * Title: Student name: Cassandra Bragg Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Carmen Solis Department: Graduate Studies Format: PowerPoint * Title: Student name: Nikoleta Despodova Class standing: Junior Faculty: Prof. Zelma Henriques Department: Law & Police Science Format: PowerPoint

* Title: Student name: Nazia Fyazi Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Demis Glasford Department: Psychology Format: PowerPoint * Title: Student name: Antoine Jones Class standing: Junior Faculty: Prof. Kwando Kinshasa Department: African American Studies Format: PowerPoint * Title: Student name: Makeba Lavan Class standing: Junior Faculty: Prof. Jonathan Gray Department: English Format: PowerPoint * Title: Student name: Simon Lou Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Maki Haberfeld Department: Law & Police Science Format: PowerPoint * Title: Student name: Shauna Parker Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Daryl Wout Department: Psychology Format: PowerPoint * Title: Student name: Roxanne Pimentel

Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Maureen Allwood Department: Psychology Format: PowerPoint * Title: Student name: Stephanie Rojas Class standing: Junior Faculty: Department: Format: PowerPoint * Title: Student name: Romeo Santan Class standing: Junior Faculty: Prof. Carmen Solis Department: Graduate Studies Format: PowerPoint * Title: Student name: Sheneeka Saul Class standing: Junior Faculty: Prof. Daryl Wout Department: Psychology Format: PowerPoint * Title: Student name: Manisha Singh Class standing: Sophomore Faculty: Prof. Demis Glasford Department: Psychology Format: PowerPoint * Title: Student name: Naithram Singh Class standing: Sophomore Faculty: Prof. Demis Glasford Department: Psychology Format: PowerPoint

* Title: Student name: Simone Smillie Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Joan Hoffman Department: Economics Format: PowerPoint * Title: Student name: Anna Witkowska Class standing: Junior Faculty: Prof. Teresa Booker Department: African American Studies Format: PowerPoint *

Music
Title: Music 130 Chorus - Ladybird and Joyful, Joyful Student name: Janelle Atkins-Bulford, Afolabi Awobajo, Erika Belezarian, Cecely Benquez, Emily Beniquez, Andre Boone, Cynthia Bryant, Ludovica Ciccarelli, Meishan Cox, Teresa Cuervo, Janoatha Dias, Marlene Forrest, Rene Grant, An Fang He, Irving Henriquez, Matthew Hicks, Daniel Irwin, Celina Johnson, Emelia Johnson, Salar Khan, Joon Kim, Jing Li, Jacqueline Lopez, Alexandra Maignan, Terrance Marsh, Julia Ng, Maribeth Perez, Migdalia Perez-Lopez, Bianca Proper, Taina Rivera, Marialej Santiago, Ramata Sy, Behar Tershalla, Sanjar Tursunov, Janice Ying, Christopher Yung, Emmanuel Zervos Class standing: Senior, Sophomore, Sophomore, Junior, Junior, Freshman, Sophomore, Freshman, Sophomore, Junior, Junior, Junior, Sophomore, Freshman, Freshman, Senior, Freshman, Freshman, Freshman, Junior, Senior, Junior, Senior, Freshman, Junior, Junior, Senior, Sophomore, Senior, Freshman, Freshman, Freshman, Sophomore, Sophomore, Sophomore, Freshman, Freshman Faculty: Prof. Clifford Terry Department: Art and Music Format: Vocal Performance

Title: Music Technology (MUS 297) – Performance of Spring 2011 Audio Projects Student name: Antonio Aguilar, Angelique Almonte, Tony Basilio, Samuel Byun, Abel Collado, Jeremiah Haught, Russell Kenton, Clive Parchment, Nelson Rivera, Mateusz Skawinski, Susan Valencia, Mohammed Ullah Class standing: Senior, Sophomore, Senior, Senior, Junior, Junior, Sophomore, Freshman, Freshman, Sophomore, Sophomore, Sophomore Faculty: Prof. Ben Bierman Department: Art & Music

Format: Creative Performance Music Technology (MUS297) proposes to have an open classroom session as part of Student Research and Creativity Week. During this open session, each student in the class will present a sampling of their works from this semester. The class meets on Tuesday and Thursday from 1:55 to 3:10. The students have worked on five projects throughout the semester. 1) Re-Mixing Radiohead 2) Found Sound Composition 3) Podcast 4) Drum and Bass Beat 5) Final Project. Each student will choose one of their projects from their semester’s portfolio to perform for their guests, and will briefly discuss the background of the work. Each performance will not exceed 5 minutes. The open classroom session will be freewheeling, and guests will be able to hear the projects played through the sound system, and will also be able to listen to various projects of their choice through headphones at the various workstations. The performances will be dynamic, as the students have created excellent and exciting projects through music technology. They have also created lyrics and raps, conducted interviews, gathered sounds from their environment, and performed on their instruments, and have combined these various media with music, both borrowed and created. The class would like to invite the entire college community, as well as friends and family to this exciting event that will showcase the students’ creativity and hard work.

* PRISM
Title: Studying the effects of illicit and antipsychotic drugs on hair melanin using attenuated total reflection -- infrared spectroscopy Student name: Davonne Auguste Class standing: Faculty: Professor Ali Kocak Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation Melanin is the major pigment found in the skin, hair and eyes of human beings. Although significant research on the drug interactions with melanin has been conducted, it is still unclear as to what extent these interactions affect human hair from different ethnic backgrounds. Illicit and antipsychotic drugs binds to the melanin of human hair, however the mechanism of this binding is not clear and it may differ depending on the ethnic background of the individual. Advances in the understanding of the binding effect of these drugs can be important as forensic evidences in the court room. In this research melanin was reacted with chlozapine at physiological pH. First with synthetic melanin and then with melanin extracted from hair samples obtained from people of different ethnicities. The results obtained were compared and analysed with pure melanin before and after the reactions. The project is ongoing, however data analysed in the last few weeks indicates that there is a difference in the spectra of black hair as opposed to lighter hair. Successful completion of this project will allow for the understanding of the processes involved in drug incorporation with melanin of different pigmentations. This

would yield a greater understanding in the biases that may be involved with drug hair testing and facilitate the detection of drug concentration across various ethnicities.

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Title: Application of Clostridiopeptidase for DNA isolation Student name: Ankit Bhatta Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Richard Li Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation Osteocytes make up bone tissue and contain DNA embedded in calcified matrix. The application of proteinases like clostridiopeptidase in proper concentration for a certain period could eliminate the physical barrier and give optimum DNA yield. Thus, this project is aimed at determining the optimum concentration and incubation period required for digestion of decalcified osteocytes (using EDTA) via the application of clostridiopeptidase. Furthermore, the genomic DNA will be extracted and the yield will be calculated to determine the effect of clostridiopeptidase treatment on DNA yield. * Title: Study of human hair melanin with illicit and antipsychotic drugs Student name: Sasha Brito Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Ali Kocak Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation The study of the incorporation of illicit and antipsychotic drugs on human hair melanin serves as an important factor in the field of forensic science. Most importantly, there have been several drug analyses of a suspect’s hair for drug abuse where there were many false results reported. It is important to understand the drug and melanin interaction. For the research, hair was collected from a Hispanic female who has never altered the color of her hair. Also, there was a sample of synthetic hair used to incorporate the drugs into. The human hair was dissolved and extracted using 7.2N Hydrochloric Acid and the drug was incorporated in the hair. Once the pellets were formed from the extraction, the human hair melanin was dried in a desiccator and examined by ATR-IR spectroscopy for analysis. Also, there was a control sample prepared where there was just untreated human hair melanin extracted and analyzed by ATR-IR for comparison to the treated human hair melanin. * Title: The effect of industrial pollutants on DNA Student name: Mikeisha Cadougan Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Ekaterina Korobkova Department: Forensic Science

Format: Poster Presentation Many industrial pollutants have been linked to the formation of cancer because of their carcinogenicity. However the process related to the formation of cancer because of these pollutants is not yet understood. The purpose of this project is to investigate the effects of some of these carcinogenic industrial pollutants on DNA. The DNA will be incubated with the pollutants in the presence of several different oxidation systems. The extent of DNA damage will be evaluated using gel electrophoresis. This study is significant for environmental health studies. * Title: NMR- based study of urines of opioids overdosed patients: preliminary data Student name: Irving Campoverde Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Gloria Proni Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation The goal of this research project is to understand the advantages and limitations of using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy for the identification of opioids, in particular, morphine, in urine of patients who overdosed with morphine. This will be achieved through preparing urine samples by drying them in an Acid Resistant Centrivap Concentrator, in order to remove most of the water. The sample will then be reconstituted in methanol deuterated, MetOD, and then doped using a 2mg/1mL vial of morphine. All data will be collected on a JEOL 300 MHz NMR spectrometer (JEOL USA Inc., Peabody, MA), using a trial an error method in order to determine the degradation period of the sample. Then the doped sample will be run with a Nosy, Cosy NMR spectroscopy in order to characterize the morphine in the urine sample and be 100% certain the morphine is present. * Title: Establishing a pigment database using FTIR and Raman spectroscopy Student name: Danielle Carthorne Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Thomas Kubic Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation Pigments are impacted into our everyday materials and can be used as very influential evidence. The goal of this project is to establish a database of each pigment for Raman and FTIR spectroscopy. An FTIR will be run on all samples and those that are not IR active will be run on a Raman spectrometer. To establish a database, a Raman and FTIR spectroscopy will be run on each pigment to set a standard. Then tests will be run on unknown pigments for reproducibility so that the database can be correct. * Title: How mammalian cells respond to oxidative stress: kinetic studies

Student name: Catherine Chamnankool Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Ekaterina Korobkova Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation Oxidative stress is caused by the imbalance between oxidants and antioxidants when in favor of the oxidants potentially leading to damage. Oxidative stress has been proven to cause adverse effects on ageing due to oxidative stress inducing mitochondrial DNA damage. Increase in mitochondrial DNA damage leads to compromised mitochondrial function and integrity and increased DNA damage is believed to increase ROS production which in turn leads to a higher chance in causing oxidative stress. It also causes oxidation of DNA bases resulting in DNA mutations. Reparation of the damaged bases occurs by the base excision repair mechanism (BER). BER is performed by glycosylases removing the oxidized bases by hydrolyzing the Nglysocilic bond. Two types of glycosylases are the type I enzymes, which excise the oxidized base on an abasic site on the DNA, and type II enzymes which excise the base and cleaves the abasic site. Much of the character traits and structure of glycosylases are identified, however the mechanisms behind the glycolsylase and how it expresses its inner workings to produce a response for DNA base repair is still not comprehensively understood. A procedure will be developed to study the dynamics of the expression of glycosylases in rat cells (PC12 – pheochromocytoma cells) in response to UV exposure with OGG1 protein used as a model. Cells will be exposed to UV light at various intervals and the expression of OGG1 level will be measured at different time points following the UV exposure. Various techniques will be employed in order to create a kinetic model for OGG1 expression following exposure to UV radiation. * Title: New zinc porphyrin tweezers in a host-guest complex: absolute configuration determination of diamines Student name: Roselynn Cordero Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Gloria Proni Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation Porphyrins are a group of aromatic organic compounds that are heterocyclic and contain pyrrole subunits connected at their α-carbon atoms through methine bridges. These compounds are frequently used in supramolecular chemistry due to the Lewis acidity of the metal employed. The objectiveof this research is to investigate the scope, advantages and limitations of three novel dimeric porphyrin hosts (PP, MM, TT) as reliable reporters of the absolute configuration of chiral diamines. The determination of the absolute configuration was achieved via a supramolecular approach developed within the last decade. The protocol relies on a host-guest complexation mechanism between a derivatized chiral substrate (guest) and the dimeric zinc porphyrin host that functions as a receptor. The two porphyrins in the complex adopt a preferred helicity related to the substrate’s absolute configuration. The relation between the absolute configuration of the substrate and the interporphyrin helicity is predicted by molecular modeling studies. The tweezer (dimeric zinc porphyrin) can be used as a CD reporter group; therefore, on

the basis of the observed CD exciton couplet and molecular modeling of interporphyrin twist, the absolute configuration of various chiral guests can be determined. Several diamine derivatives were studied in the Spring-Summer semesters of 2010. Spectroscopic data and computational results were obtained from the analysis of benzyl amine and methyl amine. The negative interporphyrin helicity of methyl amine was confirmed by computational studies after the circular dichroic signal of this molecule yielded a negative intensity. Currently, several alcohol derivatives are being prepared for spectroscopic analysis. The analysis of alcohols will bring a different approach to the insertion of the molecule into the tweezer due to the fact that it does not contain the necessary structure to anchor it to the tweezer; therefore, the substrate needs to be derivatized with a carrier molecule that contains the anchoring residues. * Title: Absolute configurational assignment of a self assembling light harvesting porphyrin using the tweezer approach Student name: Natasha Dalton Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Gloria Proni Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation In order to trap the energy from sunlight antenna plants construct chlorophyll derivatives from chemical self-assembly in a highly ordered manner. 10,20-bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-phenyl-15-acetyl5-(hydroxyethyl)-porphyrin 1 is a “synthesized” compound that will be tested for harvesting solar energy as an alternative to silicon-based photovoltaic devices1. The determination of its absolute configuration is of academic and practical importance in order to understand the chemical properties of this molecule. The absolute configuration determination will be achieved by means of a supramolecular approach developed in the last decade2. The protocol relies on a host-guest complexation mechanism between an opportunely derivatized chiral substrate ("guest") and a dimeric zinc porphyrin host that acts as a "receptor". The two porphyrins in the complex adopt a preferred helicity related to the substrate’s absolute configuration. The relation between the absolute configuration of the substrate and the inter-porphyrin helicity will be predicted by molecular modeling studies.Specifically, porphyrin derivative 1, needs to be coupled with a bidentate carrier to form the bifunctional amide conjugate. Once the conjugate molecule is complexed with the achiral CD sensitive host, the Zn porphyrin tweezer, it yields a host-guest complex that exhibits intense negative or positive exciton-coupled CD in accordance to the absolute configuration of the substrate. The carrier chosen in this proposal is protected at the amines functionalities with groups that could be removed in light basic conditions. This is done because acidic conditions have been shown to interfere with the chemical structure of the substrate. * Title: Determination of the freshness of fish via HPLC determination of ATP and amines derivatives Student name: James Field Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Gloria Proni Department: Forensic Science

Format: Poster Presentation The objective of the study is to determine the freshness of the sushi and sashimi sold in the New York markets. Recently there have been a number of published newspaper articles that have publicized studies on raw fish sold in New York City. One study tested the levels of mercury in sushi and found that they were alarmingly high Burros (2008). The study revealed that 5 out of 20 restaurants had mercury levels so high that the FDA could use legal force to remove the fish. Another study analyzed the genetic profile of fish samples sold in markets around the city Schwartz (2008). It was shown that one quarter of the fish was improperly labeled and was not species advertised. The quality of the fish and more precisely its freshness is of paramount importance due to bacterial pathogens and parasites that may cause food poisoning. Due to the potential dangers associated with the consumption of raw fish, the freshness of the raw tuna in the form of sushi and sashimi from 12 restaurants in New York metropolitan area will be investigated. The determination of the index of freshness (K coefficient) and consequently the biochemical age of several fish samples will be achieved by using a technique that extracts and quantifies the products of the ATP breakdown and the formation of biogenic amines during fish aging. The biochemical ages of the samples obtained by the restaurants, determined through a comparison with opportunely prepared calibration curves of aged tuna samples, will provide an idea regarding the fish spoilage. * Title: The role of microtubule on dithiocarbamate cytotoxicity Student name: Eugene Gonzalez-Lopez Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Shu Yuan Cheng Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation Environmental factors have been associated with the pathogenesis of neurodegeneration. Manganese ethylene-bis-dithiocarbamate compounds, [Maneb (MB) and Mancozeb (MZ)] are fungicides which have been widely used in United States. These compounds can potentiate the effects of the dopaminergic neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) in vitro and in vivo. However, the mechanisms for these effects are not so clear. Exposure to MB has been related with sporadic case reports of parkinsonism. MB is able to enhance the damage created by oxidative stressor for dopaminergic systems. The aim of this study is to elucidate the role of microtubule in this toxic effect. This study may lead us to a better understanding on how these toxic compounds prompt Parkinson’s disease. Therefore, unraveling the interaction between dopamine transporter and other proteins may help us to rethink the roles of the process of dopamine transport mechanism play in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. Such knowledge may ultimately open the possibility to design a new class of drugs that directly or indirectly modulate these interactions, thereby counteracting detrimental influences on normal transport function. * Title: Mercury emissions from soil samples in response to simulated precipitation events Student name: Christina Hui

Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Anthony Carpi Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation Mercury emissions from soil have been shown to increase as a result of both artificial irrigation and natural precipitation. Mechanisms proposed in the past to explain the observed increases in mercury emissions have included the desorption of Hg2+ by infiltrating water followed by transport to the air surface interface (with subsequent reduction), soil gas displacement by percolating water, enhanced redox reactions involving Hg2+ in the aqueous phase, and addition of mercury through precipitation (Lindberg et al., 1999; Song & Heyst, 2005; Dustin & Stamenkovic, 2005; Gillis & Miller, 2000). The numerous proposed mechanisms demonstrate the uncertainty of the actual mechanism(s) actually contributing to the observed phenomenon. To investigate mercury emissions following soil irrigation, various volumes of water were applied to soil samples under both light and dark conditions. Mercury emissions were monitored using dynamic flux chambers (Carpi et al., 2007) which were connected to a Tekran Mercury Vapor Analyzer 2537A. Based on the data collected, it was seen that soil emissions from irrigated soil under light conditions was greater than that in the dark. When the broad mercury emission profile that formed in the dark following soil irrigation was compared to the larger peak that formed under light conditions, it was seen that light combined with an increase in soil moisture resulted in a synergistic rather than additive increase in mercury emissions. This would suggest a chemical rather than physical mechanism is present. * Title: Antidepressant and dye effects on DNA Student name: Karry Johnston Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Ekaterina Korobkova Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation Antidepressants are used to treat depression; however it is believed that they can cause more damage than benefits to the body. Through extensive research, it has been seen that certain tricyclic antidepressants cause the destruction of DNA. Gel electrophoresis has observed this phenomenon when oxidizers such as horseradish peroxidase and hydrogen peroxide are present. Fluorescence was being used to observe the DNA in the presence of different drugs and how strongly they bonded. HPLC has been used to observe the retention times of the individual nucleotides and with the drugs present. Continuing research will show if there are other possible combinations that can cause DNA to be destroyed or mutated. * Title: Synthesis of the alpha MC adduct Student name: Wan S Kong Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Elise Champeil Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation

This research project protocol is based on the previous project’s procedure of coupling the amino-mitosene to the oligonucleoside (guanosine). This research project consists of the coupling of the amino mitosene to the guanosine oligonucleotide. The deprotection at the O6 position by acetylation and de-salt by lyophilizing the samples was not as successful as expected. The samples were analyzed by HPLC then put through Sephadex for purification and identification of products with a fraction collector and an UV detector. The samples then would be lyophilized and sent for Mass Spect for further analysis. * Title: Effects of antioxidants on the cytotoxicity of dithiocarbamates Student name: Jessika Lin Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Shu Yuan Cheng Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation Parkinson’s disease is a neurological disease that results in the degeneration or death of dopamine cells. This will affect our muscle movement and our balance. It is believed that pesticides in our agricultural industry can implicate neurodegenerative disease such as Parkinson’s disease. The aim of our experiment is to test the cytotoxicity of different dithiocarbamate compounds such as Maneb, Mancoeb, Ziram and Zineb on PC12 cells using MTT Assay. We also want to elucidate if there is a synergic effect on the cytotoxicity when these dithiocarbamate compounds are combined with MPP+. We’ve chosen these compounds because they are common pesticides used in many agricultural industries. In conclusion, we found out that MPP+ does have a synergic with some of the dithiocarbamate compounds. * Title: Isolating DNA from bone samples for forensic analysis Student name: Lidissy Liriano Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Richard Li Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation Bone tissue is often used for recovering DNA samples for the purpose of human identification. However, the initial cleaning and sampling of the bone specimen is a labor-intensive and timeconsuming step, which must be completed prior to isolating DNA. To address this issue, an enzymatic approach using trypsin is used; producing a proteolytic reaction by breaking down the protein collagen. The use of the trypsin procedure reduces the amount of labor required by physical method, thus reducing possibility of cross contamination and safety concerns due to the exposing bone powder of the sanding method. * Title: Mechanisms of DNA binding to tricyclic antidepressants Student name: Melinda Amy Liu

Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Ekaterina Korobkova Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation Studies indicate that tricyclic antidepressants interfere with the integrity of DNA ultimately resulting in DNA fragmentation. The mechanisms of DNA binding to tricyclic antidepressants are studied utilizing fluorescence spectroscopy to monitor the behavior and interaction of dyes. These dyes are DNA specific probes which form fluorescent complexes by attaching to the minor or major grooves of double stranded DNA. Displacement of the fluorescent dye with antidepressant is observed by fluorescence signal quenching where data obtained for the dyes will be compared to one another to gain on the binding specificities of the antidepressants and binding modes of DNA. * Title: Synthesis of the alpha MC adduct Student name: Elaan Lukasiewicz Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Elise Champeil Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation Our goal was to synthesize the amino mitosene derivatives and to synthesize the alpha (1a) MC adduct. There are trans alpha (α) and cis beta (β) stereoisomers of the MC adduct. We set up the reaction for the coupling of the alpha (α) amino mitosene with the fluoroinosine derivative of the following oligonucleotide (5’- TTAC (2- FTMSE- dI) TATCT – 3’). We employed various analytical methods to analyze the products. * Title: The potential role of silicon dioxide as an oxidizing surface in strong sunlight: studies on mercury behavior Student name: Amora Mayo-Perez Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Anthony Carpi Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation As part of an ongoing multi-year study at the Blackrock Research Forest in Cornwall, NY we have identified an atypical response of mercury deposited to pure silicon dioxide sand surfaces in strong sunlight. Pure laboratory sand was pre-cleaned by baking the surface to 300°C and then placed outdoors under a transparent Teflon roof to study the dry deposition of mercury to this surface. Typically, mercury from natural surfaces demonstrates increased emission to the atmosphere in strong sunlight, with the response trending toward deposition after sunset (Carpi & Lindberg, 1998). Over a thirty-day period during March and April 2007, our sand surface displayed ten days of irregular flux patterns. These irregular patterns are not repeated during

subsequent years. The study shows consistent negative fluxes until mid afternoon and positive fluxes from approximately sundown until midnight. The process is not fully understood. Negative fluxes are attributed to greater mercury concentrations in the environment compared to the surface of the sand. Positive fluxes are representative of mercury emissions from the surface of the sand compared to the surrounding mercury concentrations. The irregular flux patterns occur on ten separate days with corresponding trends at the same times-of-day. This study aims to determine the association between ozone, strong sunlight and uncharacteristic mercury fluxes. * Title: Determination of trace level residue in natural water samples Student name: Dominika Mucha Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Yi He Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation Pharmaceuticals are designed to minimize harmful effects on humans once consumed. However, when released into the ecosystem, these pharmaceuticals have an increasing affect on the metabolism of non-target organisms. Acidic drugs are a major category of drug residues found in sewage treatment plants (STP). A procedure based on microextraction was proposed to analyze trace level acidic over-the-counter drugs found in natural water samples. The six pharmaceuticals were: ibuprofen, naproxen, salicylic acid, omeprazole, clotrimazole, and loratadine. Their UV absorption characteristics were investigated by a UV-VIS spectrophotometer. A method based on hollow fiber, supported by three phase liquid-liquid-liquid microextraction, is proposed for HPLC separation and UV detection. Factors that affect extraction efficiency such as the pH of a sample solution, type of extraction solvent, aqueous acceptor phase, and extraction time will be investigated and optimized. This method will be evaluated by analyzing aqueous environmental water samples. * Title: Development of a fingerprint scanner device for the detection of metabolites from unlawful substances Student name: William Ng Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Marcel Roberts Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation The struggle for homeland security to stop the influx of illegal drugs and to counteract the war on terrorism has resulted in the application of various analytical chemical techniques. However, some of the methods lack the convenience and practicality to be used as tools for border patrol and airport screenings either due to cost effectiveness, time consumption and intrusiveness. The development of a fingerprint scanner able to detect metabolites in a person’s body via sweat from specific prohibited materials is an innovative concept which incorporates spectroscopic,

electrochemical and immunological concepts. The device is made feasible for its affordability, portability and rapid presumptive analysis for field usage. * Title: Binding and Depurination Studies of PAP on Ribosomes isolated from Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) Cells Student name: Konrad Ornatowski Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Shu-Yuan Cheng Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation Pokeweed Antiviral Protein (PAP) is a Ribosome Inactivating Protein (RIP). RIPs are able to inhibit protein synthesis by depurinating the conserved sarcin/ricin loop of the large subunit of ribosomal RNA (rRNA), thereby rendering the ribosome inactive. It is hypothesized that when a cell is infected by a virus, the integrity of the cell membrane is compromised, allowing for PAP to permeate from the cell wall matrix into the cell and block protein synthesis at the translocation step. In this study, ribosomes will be isolated from Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) cells utilizing various extraction buffers and an ultracentrifuge. The pure and active ribosomal subunits will then be exposed to PAP in an established depurination assay to determine the effects of PAP on the eukaryotic ribosomes’ ability for protein synthesis. * Title: Characterizing the role of myeloid zinc finger-1 (MZF-1) as a transcription factor in the regulation of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF). Student name: Richard Piszczatowski Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. Nathan Lents Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation Connective Tissue Growth Factor (CTGF) is a protein encoded by the CTGF gene. CTGF plays a critical role in cell adhesion and proliferation, which explains its abundance in thrombocytes, also known as blood platelets. Blood platelets are created by megakaryocytes located in the bone marrow, and have been found to contain abundant amounts of CTGF while in the blood. However, current research shows that when blood platelets are created by megakaryocytes, they do not initially contain CTGF, nor do the megakaryocytic cells produce CTGF. Thus, blood platelets must acquire CTGF from an external source via endocytosis, and the megakaryocytes must provide some sort of signaling mechanism to initiate the production and excretion of CTGF by nearby cells.

This research project will attempt to show that MZF-1 (myeloid zinc finger-1), a protein abundant in the bone marrow acts as a transcription factor to affect the production of CTGF of cells in the vicinity of megakaryocytes. MZF-1 may be a possible contributor to the communication between megakaryocytes and other bone marrow cells to produce and provide the CTGF protein to thrombocytes. Identification and confirmation of MZF-1 as a transcription factor of the CTGF gene may open the door to a new look at the development of blood platelets, as well as the entire blood clotting cascade. Results from this research project may have clinical implications as well, as MZF-1 may provide a new outlook on how to approach poorly acting blood platelets as well as a possible factor in the maintenance of proper hemostasis. * Title: Surface modification for the development of a novel drug detection and fingerprint scanner. Student name: Elliot Quinteros Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation Advances in the detection of illicit drugs now potentially allow for the use of an individual’s sweat to determine if that person has had any contact with drugs. The way this is determined is through the use of metabolites produced in the liver, such as the metabolite benzoylecgonine, an indicator for the presence and use of cocaine. We propose to use immunogenic binding to determine the presence of the biomarker. Initially the principle for the modification of the surface and the detection of benzoylecgonine will be proven. This will be executed using spectroscopic methods such as ultraviolet light and surface plasmon resonance, as well as electrochemical methods. The overall goal will be to create a fingerprint scanner which will be able to use the same principles. * Title: Supramolecular properties of porphyrin-guanosine conjugates Student name: Andrea Saenz Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Gloria Proni Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation Suitable arrangement of multiple chromophores is one of the most important issues in material sciences, since the self-assembled multi-chromophoric system may show completely different physical, photochemical and electrochemical properties compared to the forming unit. Porphyrins have been widely investigated because of their H- and J-aggregates formation under

specific conditions (Endo 2008) while guanine-rich oligomers have shown the possibility of forming G-quartets and, if further self-assembled, liquid crystal phases of different nature (Lena 2008). We plan to synthesize deoxyguanosine-porphyrin conjugates soluble both in organic and aqueous environments and explore their aggregation processes. The hope is to be able to modulate the aggregation of the two different parts of the molecules: it would be of great interest and highly innovative to have the porphyrin side of the conjugate aggregating at conditions that are different from the ones used to self-assemble the guanosine side. * Title: Effects of flushing flow rate in mercury flux Student name: Eva Santos Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Anthony Carpi Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation Mercury has a complex biogeochemistry in which different species of the metal participate in different transport processes depending on the chemical properties of the constituent in question. Several environmental reactions influence this process by driving the reduction or oxidation of mercury, and inter-conversion between mercury complexes. While the reduction of HgCl2, HgO and HgS play important roles on land surfaces, Hg+2 salts hydrolyze in water to form HgClOH (in the case of mercuric chloride), Hg(OH)2, Hg(OH)3-, or even Hg(OH)4-2. Mercury hydroxide compounds exhibit different reduction/oxidation potentials than other salts. The goal of this work is to examine the pathways and kinetics of the formation of mercury hydroxide complexes in water, and the subsequent reduction/oxidation chemistry of these constituents. * Title: Microwave assisted reactions of deoxyguanosine at position C-6 and C-2 Student name: Latoyia Patrick Saunders Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Elise Champeil Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation This project intends to investigate microwave assisted methods for the introduction of various substituents at the C-6 and C-2 positions of 2’-deoxyguanosine. The following substitution reactions are being investigated: (1) substitution at the 6 position of the O6 –(benzyltriazol -1-yl) guanosine derivative by a range of nucleophiles; and (2) substitution at the C2 position of the fluoroinosine (X) by a range of hindered amines. Our goal is to compare the reaction times and yields of various substitution reactions with and without microwave assistance. The development of new methods for substitutions at position 2 will be applied to the reaction of fluoroinosine with hindered amines mitosenes. * Title: Tracing the epidemiology of multiple sclerosis based on genes and the environment Student name: Laura Singh

Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Angelique Corthals Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that affects many people, particularly Northern Europeans, and causes the function of their motile faculties to deteriorate. MS is the self degradation of the myelin sheath on the neuron, which causes the synapses necessary for senses and movement in the body to fail. Dr. Angelique Corthals and I are working to understand the epigenesis of this disease by studying the pathways in the body that relate to its environmental and genetic causes. Based on our research, we are pursuing this problem based on genes that influence autoimmune responses, their passing on to offspring via mitochondrial DNA and its effect on populations, antigen presentation to the self by Major Histocompatibility Complexes, and the evolution of diet that has effected change in the pathways related to the onset of MS. Laboratory methods employed for research are DNA electrophoresis, GC/MS analysis of proteins, data mining, GenBank, and proteomic databases to determine the genes involved in the development of MS. We have found that the exposure to sunlight affects conversion of cholesterol to vitamin D and triggers the onset of MS when paired with a genetic susceptibility. Our future work will be based on locating the “Viking gene”, or genes passed on from the Scandinavians which are believed to be the genetic source of MS susceptibility. * Title: Role of alpha-synuclein in the potentiated effects of dithiocarbamates on MPP+ cytotoxicity Student name: Anna Stoll Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Shu Yuan Cheng Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation Maneb (MB) and mancozeb (MZ), and diethyldithiocarbamate (DDC), usually used as fungicides in the agricultural industry, are Mn containing ethylenebis-dithiocarbamates and have been known to increase the effect that the neurotoxin MPTP has on dopaminergic neurons which can lead to cell death and Parkinson-like symptoms (Bachurin et al., 1996; McGrew et al., 2000; Domico et al., 2006). The Dopamine transporter (DAT) is a protein which is known to play a role in MPTP’s toxicity by transporting MPP+ into dopaminergic neurons. Alpha-synuclein, a protein that interacts with the Dopamine Transports, can regulate the cell surface expression of DAT. Increasing the concentration of DAT on the cell membrane leads to higher uptake of MPTP (Lee et al., (2001). Perviouse research in the Lab (by Carlos Cuellar) concluded that DDC, MB, and MZ treatment increased alphasynuclein and DAT interaction. This research will look at the role of the alpha-synuclein in potentiated effects of mancozeb, maneb, and DDC on MPP+-triggered cytotoxicity. By mutating the alph-synuclein the interaction between the DAT and the alpha-synuclien will be able to be observed when treated with the fungicides. HEK 293 cells (Human Embryonic Kidney cells), stably expressed human

dopamine transporter (HEK-DAT), were used. After treating the HEK-DAT cells with the mutated DNA and fungicides the cells underwent co-immunoprecipitation using an anti-DAT antibody. The proteins where then separated using a SDS-PAGE and then transferred to a nitrocellulose membrane for Western Blot analysis. The images that will then be taken of the protein bands on the membrane will allow for the amount of each protein in the different conditions to be known. * Title: Development of mutant strains expressing different domains of the C. albicans ALS1p adhesin Student name: Leonid Sukala Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation Many Immuno-comprimised patients are susceptible to life-threatening systemic infections by the pathogen Candida albicans, a normally commensal yeast organism that resides in healthy people. Environmental cues within the patient trigger a morphogenic shift in C. albicans, increasing its virulence by initiating hyphae fillimintation, biofilm formation and amyloid structural motifs. A critical component that mediates these and other important functions is the cell wall. The cell wall is responsible for the cell’s interactions with its environment and protects C. albicans from environmental stresses like antifungal drugs, osmotic pressure, changes in pH and host immune defenses. Such behavior is in part mediated by cell-wall bound adhesion proteins that selectively interact with a host of mammalian substrates, such as those found in human gastro-intestinal tracks or urogenital systems. These crucial proteins are themselves composed of various domains, each of which contributes a specific function that, when taken together, confer the effective binding profiles that enable the yeast to be a successful pathogen. One of our research aims is to develop various mutant strains that express different domains of the C. albicans ALS1p adhesin. These truncated proteins will be functionally compared and be used to elucidate particular domain contributions to the overall adhesion process. Because these adhesins are unique to the yeast, such mechanistic information could be used to generate safe and effective therapeutics. * Title: Candida albicans sko1Δ/ Δ and hog1 Δ/ Δ mutant phenotype under osmotic stress and functional conservation of Candida albicans SKo1p in Saccharomyces cervisiae Student name: Jennifer Teubl Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Jason Rauceo Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation The ability of an organism to respond to stress in its environment is critical to its survival. The focus will be to confirm the importance of stress signaling pathways in the pathogenic yeast, Candida albicans. The HOG1- SKO1

pathway has been shown in previous studies to respond to osmotic shock in the bakers yeast Saccharomyces cervisiae and recently in C. albicans. Here, we will determine the cellular phenotype for sko1Δ/ Δ and hog1 Δ/ Δ mutant strains following osmotic stress. Growth rate kinetics will be determined in the presence or absence of Sodium Chloride ( NaCl) for sko1Δ/ Δ and hog1 Δ/ Δ mutant strains and will be compared to a wild type strain. We will determine whether salt treatment causes aberrant cell morphology by observing the mutant strains under light microscopy. By using these mutant strains, we hope to illustrate the importance of the HOG1-SKO1 pathway under osmotic stress in C. albicans. In addition, we will introduce the Ca SKO1 into a S. cerevisiae sko1Δ mutant and test for functional conservation. * Title: Sonification of network traffic Student name: Michael Tsamis Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Bilal Khan Department: Mathematics & Computer Information Systems Format: Poster Presentation
The ability to monitor normal and abnormal network traffic in real time is vital, since a network attack can occur and be completed in seconds. One novel way to render network traffic is through its acoustic representation. The Centaur project (Centralized Auralization) explores dynamic sonic interpretation of live TCP/IP network packets as musical notes of varying pitch, volume, duration and instrumentation. Centaur renders a stream of TCP packets in a manner that reflects the system's continuously updated beliefs concerning the network state, e.g. whether a “port scan” or “distributed denial of service attack” (DDoS) is taking place. Additionally, the system is capable of mapping normal web traffic contents into musical notes. Multiple Centaur sensors can be deployed to monitor machines across the wide area Internet; a central Centaur server receives musical note commands over the network from deployed sensors. The advantage of this architecture is that the guarded machines need not cohabit the same local area network (LAN). Future work will evaluate the extent to which such acoustic renderings enable administrators to more effectively (and viscerally) sense shifts in patterns of network utilization. *

Title: The toxic mechanism of Manganese nanoparticles in PC-12 Cells Student name: Justin Walters Class Standing: Faculty: Prof. Shu-Yuan Cheng Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation

Nanotechnology has been used to create many new materials with a broad range of applications, in medicine, electronics, biomaterials and energy production. However, nanotechnology also raises concerns about the toxicity and environmental impact of nanomaterials. In vitro study showed (Hussain et al., 2006) manganese (Mn) nanoparticles induce dopamine depletion and increase reactive oxygen species (ROS) which will trigger apoptosis. Mn is an essential element necessary for brain development, formation of bone and connective tissue, lipid metabolism and reproductive function. However, at high concentrations or after prolonged exposures of Mn, this element can accumulate in the brain and induce tremors, rigidity and psychosis. This condition, known as Manganism, is a progressive disorder similar to Parkinson’s disease (Cai et al., 2007). The preliminary data from Cheng’s lab show manganese-containing pesticides enhance MPP+, the active metabolite of parkisonian toxin MPTP (1-methyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine), cytotoxicity in PC12 cells. The potential toxic mechanism of these manganese-containing pesticides could be due to increase the cell surface expression of dopamine transporter (DAT) which is required for MPP+ toxicity. The aims of this study are (1) to evaluate the effect of Mn nanoparticles on MPP+ induced cytotoxicity and (2) to elucidate the role of DAT in the toxic mechanism of Mn nanoparticle. * Title: Investigating the reactivity of aziridinomitosenes towards various nucleophiles Student name: Stephanie Watson Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Elise Champeil Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation This project is part of an ongoing investigation of the local structures of DNA adducts of decarbamoyl mitomycin C (DMC) and mitomycin C (MC) believed to be responsible for the different biochemical responses produced by the two compounds. The overall focus is on assessing the reactivity of the leucoaziridinomitosene toward various nucleophiles. If the leucoaziridinomitosene is reactive toward azide anions for instance, this will provide a quick way to amino mistosenes, which are key intermediates in the synthesis of DMC and MC–DNA adducts. The research plan is to reductively activate MC with various thiols and characterize all adducts formed in the presence of sodium azide (NaN3). Thus far the hydrolysis of Mitomycin C was achieved. The hydrolysis product was protected at the 2 position with the teoc group. At that stage, both the cis- and trans- hydroxy mitosenses were isolated through column chromatography (SiO2, 3% MeOH in CH2Cl2). The cis- and transcompounds obtained weighed about 73 and 20 mg and had yields of 36% and 10% respectively. The products were then mesylated at the 1 position and azide displacement using NaN3 followed. Future steps for this project include the isolation and analysis of the product(s) formed during the latter reactions, deprotection of the teoc group, further investigation of the

leucoaziridinomitosene reactivity towards the azide ion used and if successful, the characterization of all adducts formed in the presence of sodium azide. * Title: Interactions of tricyclic antidepressants with DNA: a role of peroxidase catalysis and intercalation. Student name: Alicia K. Williams Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Ekaterina Korobkova Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation Tricyclic antidepressants were discovered in the 1950s and were used for many years in the treatment of mood disorders. The antidepressants and their metabolites can be very genotoxic in living cells. The planar structures of the drugs can insert between DNA bases forming stacking complexes. The metabolism of antidepressants may lead to the DNA bases modifications or DNA strand breaks. We studied the effect on DNA of three tricyclic antidepressants, imipramine, amitriptyline, and opipramol. We focused on the drug-DNA binding and DNA damage aided by peroxidase catalysis. As a model of peroxidase we used HRP (Horseradish peroxidase). We performed ethidium bromide fluorescence quenching experiments and determined drug concentrations at 50% fluorescence quenching, C50. The value of C50 ranged from 1 mM for opipramol to 5 mM for imipramine and amitriptyline. Agarose gel electrophoresis studies showed that DNA disappears in the reaction mixtures containing imipramine and HRP/H2O2. Phenol:chlorophorm:iso-amyl alcohol extraction from the mixtures containing DNA and imipramine in the presence of HRP/H2O2 indicated that DNA degrades in the reaction. UV-vis studies showed that both imipramine and opipramol are the substrates for HRP. At pH 7, reaction between HRP and excess of H2O2 and imipramine led to the formation of a broad spectrum with a peak at 522 nm. The intensity of the spectrum increased with time. The position of the maximum shifted to the longer wavelengths as the pH decreased reaching 650 nm at pH 2. These spectra are associates with imipramine radical. GC-MS analysis of the brown precipitate produced in the mixture of imipramine and HRP/H2O2 indicated the dealkylation process and the formation of iminodibenzyl. Thus all three antidepressants bind DNA possibly by intercalation, opipramol exhibiting a greater affinity compared to imipramine and amitriptyline. DNA degrades in the presence of imipramine and HRP/H2O2 at the drug concentration of 2 uM. The damage to DNA is caused by imipramine reactive intermediate. * Title: Maneb and Mancozeb enhance MPP+ toxicity through activation of NFkappa B signaling pathway Student name: Cindi-Ann Williams

Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Shu-Yuan Cheng Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation The pesticides Diethyldithiocarbamate (DDC), Maneb(MB) and Mancozeb(MZ) have been implicated in the development of Parkinsonian-like symptoms in agricultural workers. Such symptoms are associated with neurotoxicity as a result of the toxic effect of the compound MPP+ on dopaminergic cells. The enhancement of MPP+ toxicity by the pesticides DDC, MB and MZ via a mechanism involving the activation of the NF-kappa B signaling pathway was investigated. Cells treated with DDC, MB and MZ were expected to show an increase in nuclear NK-kappa B activity. The chemical treatment of PC 12 cells was followed by incubation for 12, 18 and 36 hours. An assay for Luciferase activity was used to assess nuclear NF-kappa B activity relative to a PBS control group. Data analysis revealed no change in nuclear NF-kappa B activity at 12 hours, sustained increase at 18 hours and increase at 36 hours. For MB and MZ, the sustained increase in NF-kappa B activity was found only at 18 hours. The confirmation of NF-kappa activation represents the first stages in isolating a complete mechanism associated with neurotoxicity with potential application to the determination of strategies for treatment of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s disease linked to MPP+ toxicity. * Title: Equilibrium binding properties of pokeweed antiviral protein to the cap analog m7GTP under varying chemical and physical conditions Student name: Ayaka Yamada Class standing: Faculty: Prof. Diana Friedland Department: Forensic Science Format: Poster Presentation Pokeweed Antiviral Protein (PAP) extracted from Pokeweed is one of the Ribosome Inactivating Proteins (RIPs) that depurinates the large ribosomal RNA and prevents protein synthesis by stopping translation. It is a protecting system in the plant against a variety of insect, fungi, and viruses. Equilibrium binding properties of PAP to the cap analog m7GTP were analyzed in buffers of different pHs and different salt concentrations by measuring the native protein fluorescence at the emission maximum wavelength of 347nm. It had been hypothesized that the smallest dissociation constant of PAP would be observed in the buffer with pH 6.5 and the salt concentration of 100mM. The results showed that the cap bound to PAP most strongly in the buffer with pH 3.0 and the salt concentration of 150mM. In this spring, the same experiments will be performed again to examine the causes of the inaccurate results.

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Science
Title: Forest Soil Mercury Fluxes Pre and Post-Clearing in Upstate New York Student name: Michael Gittings Class standing: Graduate Faculty: Prof. Anthony Carpi Department: Science Format: Poster Intact forests and soils within these systems serve as a sink for mercury, diminishing or delaying its movement in the environment and entry into the human food chain. Deforestation can release mercury from these ecosystems as a result of the burning of biomass or following the burn event, as emissions from exposed soils. Margarelli and Fostier (2005) have shown that soil mercury emissions from a deforested site in the Negro River Basin were statistically higher than soil emissions from an intact forested area. Thus, the liberation of mercury stored in forest soils may be an important source of mercury in regional ecosystems. To further investigate the impact of deforestation on soil mercury emissions, we conducted a two week study in the Blackrock Forest in Cornwall, NY. An intact site, covered with European and Japanese Barberry (Berberis vulgaris and Berberis thunbergil), was studied for one week with two Teflon dynamic flux chambers connected to a Tekran Mercury Vapor Analyzer to obtain continuous background mercury flux readings. At the start of the second week, vegetation was removed from the plot by cutting, and emissions were monitored for an additional week. Mercury flux during the preclearing period averaged -1.88ng/m2/hr and showed peak emissions of 8.3ng/m2/hr. However, post-clearing flux values averaged 10.62ng/m2/hr and showed peak emissions of 107ng/m2/hr. The maximum value seen is significantly greater than previously reported. Contributing factors will be discussed. * Title: Toxicity of Maneb and Mancozeb Pesticides Contributing to Rat Pheochromocytoma Cellular Death and the Potential Neuroprotective Effects of Polyphenols Against these Insults Student name: Marcela Velasco Class standing: Graduate Faculty: Prof. Shu-Yuang Cheng Department: Science Format: Poster Parkinson’s Disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder in the United States. Its pathology is characterized by a selective loss of pigmented neurons in the substantia nigra resulting in dopamine depletion. Pesticides causing chemical alterations that lead to neuronal apoptosis will also hinder the production of this neurotransmitter, possibly resulting in Parkinsonism or other diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. The present study investigated the effects of Maneb and Mancozeb pesticides in PC12 cells, which resemble the chemistry and physiology of dopaminergic neurons. Cells were treated with 20 µ M Maneb and 20 µ M Mancozeb for 1 hour. Using MTT toxicology assay Maneb and Mancozeb treated cells showed a decrease in mitochondrial function of 24.64% and 21.56%

respectively. These PC12 groups were then treated with Polyphenols (10 µ M), known to be potent ROS scavengers, in order to study potential neuroprotective effects. No PC12 cell survival was observed in affected cells treated with Polyphenols suggesting that Maneb and Mancozeb do not act as oxidative stressors or that neuron death results from multiple mechanisms in which oxidative stress is not the driving event. DNA fragmentation was also examined using Comet assay. DNA breakage was evident in Maneb and Mancozeb exposed groups, demonstrating that these neurotoxins are capable of causing considerable genetic damage. Findings indicate that both pesticides do in fact disrupt PC12 mitochondrial function and cause DNA damage. This study confirmed the neurotoxicity of Maneb and Mancozeb adding to their relevance in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. * Title: ICP-MS analysis of dithiocarbamate compounds in PC-12 Cells Student name: Teeshavi Narayne Class standing: Graduate Faculty: Prof. Shu-Yuang Cheng Department: Science Format: Poster Dithiocarbmates are a class of widely used fungicides that have gained a reputation for being involved in neurological toxicity leading to Parkinson’s disease. Dithiocarbamate compounds such as maneb, mancozeb, ziram, and zineb are the focus of our research. These compounds contain heavy metals such as manganese and zinc and have been directly linked to dopaminergic neurodegeneration through chronic exposure. It has been shown that the mitochondrial inhibitor 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+), which is an active metabolite of 1-methyl-4-phenyl1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), that causes parkinsonism is provoked by these compounds and as such allow for an constant toxic influx of dopamine into the cell, directly leading to cell death(apoptosis). However the toxic mechanisms of these compounds are not clear. The possible toxic mechanisms through which they act may be due to the accumulation of intracellular metal ions. This increase will elevate the production of reactive oxygen species leading to oxidative stress and ultimately the induction of apoptosis. The aim of this study is to determine whether the intracellular concentrations of manganese and zinc are increased after exposure to dithiocarbamate compounds via analysis by inductively coupled plasma – mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). * Title: The Role of RTP801 in Maneb- and Mancozeb- Induced Cytotoxicity Student name: Seon Oh Class standing: Graduate Faculty: Prof. Shu-Yuang Cheng Department: Science Format: Poster Environmental factors, such as pesticide exposure, have been implicated in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s disease (PD). Manganese (Mn)-containing ethylene-bis-dithiocarbamate compounds, maneb (MB) and mancozeb (MZ) have been extensively used for pesticides over the past 50 years. Exposure to MB lowers the threshold for

dopaminergic damage triggered by MPTP, which is a human Parkinson’s disease inducing neurotoxin. Preliminary data from Cheng’s lab demonstrate that MB and MZ enhance 1-methyl4-phenylpyridium (MPP+)-induced cell death in rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells. However, the neurotoxic molecular mechanisms and the signal transduction pathways involved in the action of these dithiocarbamate toxins in PD are still not clear. Neuron death, regardless of initiating causes, generally requires proapoptotic gene activation. Studies using serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) showed RTP801 is the most induced by stresses. Several PD mimetics (6-hydroxydopamine, MPP+, and rotenone) induced RTP801 in neuronal cells. A sequential mechanism (induction of RTP801, suppression of mTOR signaling, and then depletion phosphorylated/activated Akt) has been suggested to be the mechanism of neurotoxins-induced cell death. This proposed project will to explore the role of RTP801 and its subsequent signaling mechanism in maneb- and mancozeb- induced neuronal cell death. Several biochemical and molecular biological techniques, such as Western blot analysis, RT-PCR, and shRNA knockdown, will be used to study this project. Uncovering the toxic mechanisms of Mn-containing dithiocarbamates will provide a detailed understanding of the pathogenesis of PD and help develop new therapeutic or prevention strategies for PD. At 4 hr treatment, there was not a big difference in the gene expression of RTP801 of PBS, DDC, and MB. But for MZ, RTP801 was twice the control, PBS. But at 8 hr treatment, all chemicals showed significant RTP801 gene expression, which was about 3 times the RTP801 of PBS. This observation proved that the RTP801 has been expressed by Manganese (Mn)containing ethylene-bis-dithiocarbamate compounds. Later on this research, RNA will be isolated to proceed subsequent RT-PCR. * Title: Purification and Characterization of Pokeweed Antiviral Protein from Seeds (PAP-S): Temperature and Salt Effects on mRNA Recognition Student name: Shari Maltz Class standing: Graduate Faculty: Prof. Shu-Yuan Cheng & Prof. Lawrence Kobilinsky Department: Science Format: Poster The purification of Pokeweed Antiviral Protein from the seeds (PAP-S) of Phytolacca americana and the characterization of PAP-S on mRNA cap analog recognition are described. PAP is a type I, toxic ribosomal inactivating protein (RIP) that can be used as a model for ricin, an extremely toxic type II RIP. It is important to create a model for ricin, as is it a deadly biological reagent that can be used as a biological weapon to attack the agricultural industry and create extreme stress on the economy. Several forms of PAP have been discovered in different parts of the pokeweed plant including the roots, leaves, and seeds. PAP has been shown to bind to the sacrin/ricin loop of ribosomal RNA and the subsequent depurination of the RNA results in the termination of protein synthesis (the canonical RIP enzymatic activity). The ability to terminate protein synthesis has resulted in characterizing PAP as an important antiviral agent, having antiviral activity against plant, animal, and human viruses. The mechanism describing PAP’s ability to inhibit protein synthesis is currently being studied. PAP has been shown to bind to capped and uncapped mRNA and inhibit its transcription – a novel RIP enzymatic activity. Some experts believe that initiation factors normally used to initiate transcription are utilized in binding PAP to uncapped mRNA. Uncapped mRNA forms secondary structures, which may facilitate PAP’s selection of depurination sites on the RNA. These secondary structures are different among various mRNA molecules and so it is likely PAP has an affinity for some forms

over others. PAP-S was isolated from the seeds within pokeweed berries and purified using IonExchange chromatography. The presence of PAP-S in the preparation was shown using SDSPAGE followed by silver-staining which showed a band at 30 kDa that is consistent with the literature. Steady state fluorescence spectroscopy was used to determine the best working buffer by varying salt concentrations. Steady state fluorescence spectroscopy was also performed to measure the equilibrium association of PAP-S with capped mRNA (m 7GTP) at a range of different temperatures. This study shows the highest binding affinity of PAP-S to m7GTP at 1521°C. * Title: Does Pokeweed antiviral protein form a triplex with eIF4E and eIF4G? Student name: Christopher Kluge Class standing: Graduate Faculty: Prof. Shu-Yuan Cheng Department: Science Format: Poster Pokeweed antiviral protein (PAP) is a type I ribosomal inactivating protein, which depurinates the sarcin/ricin loop of ribosomal RNA halting translation. PAP also binds to the cap of mRNA and the eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF) 4 complex, specifically the subunit eIF4G. The binding complex of PAP and this subunit is known, it is also known that eIF4G binds to eIF4E in the eIF4 complex. From studies performed PAP binds to a central region of eIFiso4G, while eIF4E binds near the N-terminal region of eIFiso4G in wheat. Therefore it has been proposed that a possibility exists, where eIF4E and eIF4G can simultaneously bind PAP. The scope of my research is to decipher if PAP forms a triplex with these subunits. The formation of the triplex will be studied in four different approaches: affinity pull-down assays, bait-and-prey experiments, fluorescence resonance energy transfer assays, and equilibrium sedimentation techniques. * Title: Effects of Pathogens on Pokeweed Antiviral Protein Isoform Expression Student name: Janelle Frenyea Class standing: Graduate Faculty: Prof. Shu-Yuan Cheng Department: Science Format: Poster Ribosome inactivating proteins (RIPs) are RNA N-glycosidases, which depurinate ribosomal RNA. With the ribosome destroyed, protein synthesis is ceased and cell death results. Pokeweed Antiviral Protein (PAP) is a Type I RIP produced by the American Pokeweed plant. PAP is employed by this plant as a defense mechanism. Numerous isoforms of PAP are present throughout the plant and vary depending upon tissue location and stage of growth. To determine how PAP protects the American Pokeweed plant, greenhouse-grown plants were infiltrated with two types of bacteria: Pseudomonas syringae pv. Lycopersici (DC3000) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa 01 (PA01). Cell death was observed after DC3000 leaf infiltration, but not after PA01 infiltration. Leaf tissue was collected after infiltration at time periods of: 30 minutes, 2 hours, 24 hours, and 48 hours. RNA isolation was conducted, and reverse transcription PCR was carried out to determine the expressions of PAP-I mRNA, using  ctin mRNA as a loading a

control. A semi-quantitative analysis of RT-PCR products was performed and it was observed that a downregulation of PAP-I mRNA levels in PA01 infiltrated leaves occurs after 30 minutes and 2 hours, followed by an upregulation in PAP-I mRNA levels after 24 hours and 48 hours. The tissue samples infiltrated with DC3000 display similar responses, with only a slight upregulation after 48 hours. * Title: Analysis of Tool Marks on Bone Student name: Julie Cohen Class standing: Graduate Faculty: Prof. Nicholas Petraco Department: Science Format: Poster I'm proposing a poster which discusses a literature search I recently completed on tool marks on bone and quantitative ways to analyze this data. Past work will be presented and reviewed, focusing on the work of SA Symes studying saw marks on bone (looking at characteristics of the walls of these markings) and Silvia Bello and Christophe Soligo, who proposed a way to mathematically model tool marks on bone (looking primarily at characteristics of the floor of these markings) to determine class characteristics on the tool used to make a mark. * Title: Preparation of Lawsone Derivatives, Analysis of their Fluorescence Properties and Application to Fingerprint Detection Student name: Amanda Vasquez Class Standing: Graduate Faculty: Prof. Gloria Proni Department: Science Format: Poster
Fingerprints have been utilized for identification going back as far as several thousands years ago. The difficulty in detecting latent fingerprints is choosing the right reagent to visualize them. Ninhydrin has been used since 1954 for the development of latent prints; it reacts with the amino acids left on the fingerprint forming an intermediate known as Ruhemann’s purple. The major disadvantages with this reagent to detect latent prints is, they need to be treated with zinc and cadmium salts and cooled to −196 0C. O Several derivatives of ninhydrin with improved fluorescence properties have been OH reported, in particular 5-methoxyninhydrin which showed remarkable fluorescence at room temperature. Recently in literature a new reagent, 2-hydroxy-1,4-naphtoquinone commonly called lawsone has been studied, It is extracted from the leaves of Lawsonia inermis and it is usually responsible of the staining properties of henna. The difficulties in O using this compound as a fingerprint detector are its solubility and inability to detect lawsone compounds that are themselves photoluminescent. The objective is to chemically derivatize the molecule of lawsone in order to prepare compounds that enhance photoluminescence increase solubility. The strategy is to derivatize lawsone at the hydroxyl functional group with several fluorescent chromophores. This project includes the chemical preparation of the derivatives of lawsone, analyzing their fluorescence characterization, and subsequently latent fingerprints will be collected on filter paper and stained with the previously prepared solutions where a comparative analysis of the substrates will be performed.

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Sociology Title: The Social Construction of Two Ideologically Motivated Killings: Crime or Terrorism? Student name: Diana Rodriguez Class standing: Senior Faculty: Prof. David Green Department: Sociology Format: PowerPoint Presentation A comparison of how The New York Times and Washington Post have constructed two cases of politically motivated killings to determine whether, how, and why the term terrorism was used. These cases are the Fort Hood Shooting in Texas and the killing of an abortion doctor in Kansas. The project is embedded within broader literatures examining the political nature of the usage of the term terrorism, and the media construction of social problems. *

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