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Sensor, tuning, strategy options

The user can reduce errors significantly by changing installation or by using a breakthrough in
technology. Control loop analyzers, auto tuners, and self-tuning controllers can alleviate most of the tuning
problems.
You can also develop quantitative relationships for tuning temperature loops to see use with signal
characterization and adaptive gain strategies to keep the loop well tuned for changing operating conditions
and loads as they occur.
You can change the proportional-integral-derivative controller algorithm by simple terms to
improve loops for batch operation and set point changes or excessive dead time. Alternatively, model
predictive control can see use where normal derivative action is prohibited due to noise, inverse response,
interaction, or dead time dominance. Also, cascade and feed-forward control can compensate for
disturbances before they significantly affect the primary controlled variable.
For each application, the specifics as to the nature of the dynamics, nonlinearities, and special
considerations of the loop can provide greater detail on how you can improve performance by using control
strategies.

Source: Advanced Temperature Control, by Gregory K. McMillan, ISA, 1995.

http://www.isa.org/PrinterTemplate.cfm?Section=InTech_Home1&template=/Content... 17/05/2010

1. Que termos são retomados pelos pronomes grifados no texto?


They (linha 6): ___________________________
You (linha 7): ____________________________
They ( linha 10): __________________________
You (linha 13): ___________________________

2. Como é possível reduzir erros significativamente?


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3. A resposta à pergunta a seguir é composta por grupos nominais. Identifique-os no texto, circulando seus
respectivos núcleos e responda: o que pode aliviar a maioria dos problemas de ajuste?
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4. Os parágrafos 2 e 3 consistem em estratégias de controle. Relacione os tópicos abaixo com esses


parágrafos do texto:
A. controle cascata e antecipativo pode compensar distúrbios_______
B. você pode desenvolver relações quantitativas ajustando as malhas de temperatura para ver o uso de
caracterização do sinal. ______
C. ação derivada normal é proibida devido, entre outras coisas, a barulho e resposta inversa. ________

5. O que as especificações, natureza da dinâmica, não linearidades e condições especiais da malha podem
fornecer?
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