F A M I LY P L A N N I N G

Concepts, Goals. Principles and Interrelationships: Family Planning - the rational, voluntary, and moral management of all the processes of family life including human reproduction.  It has also been referred to as the totality of human efforts to achieve human dignity, economic stability, health, and happiness, and promote welfare through: 1. Birth regulation and spacing of children by the use of accepted scientific methods; 2. Treatment of infertility; 3. Family life and sex education; 4. Pre-marital guidance and marriage counseling; and 5. Pre-marital and post-natal care. Family Planning not a new concept Family Planning as Population Policy  Reduction of deaths  Reduction of fertility through family planning  Reduction of Population Growth through Family Planning Conception, Fertility, and Population Control distinguished from Family Planning 1. Conception control ( or contraception ) 2. Fertility control 3. Population control 4. The Family Planning movement

Associated Goals of Modern Family Planning 1. Increasing the ability and freedom of marriage couples (particularly poor and ignorant ones who do not have access to private medical care) to determine the number and spacing of their children; 2. Reducing the number of illegal ( and therefore, often hazardous or even fatal ) abortions by enabling women who do not want to bear a child to substitute safe contraceptive methods;

4. For the country, a small family size means lower population growth rate. Maternal and Child Health Principles of Family Planning 1. Voluntary family planning is an important health measure; 2. Services must be delivered in a private and dignified; 3. Avoid referring to “ good methods of birth control ” and “ bad methods of birth control ”; 4. Encourage male participation in the family planning program; 5. Listen to your patients; 6. Family planning information should be available to persons in a manner which preserves their anonymity; 7. Family planning clinics can provide many non-contraceptive services to patients; 8. Population concerns have no place in a family planning program.

3. Improving the health of mothers by helping
them avoid too many or too closely spaced pregnancies; 4. Reducing the number of illegitimate births; 5. Protecting the health and welfare by persuading and helping parents to limit the size of their families and to lengthen the interval between births; and 6. Helping to alleviate poverty by reducing the economic burden on parents created by large number of children. Benefits of Family Planning 1. To the mother or wife 2. To the father or bread-winner Small Family Size and Family Welfare A small family has beneficial effects on the individual, the family and society: 1. Small family size enhances family welfare 2. Parents of small families tend to be happier; 3. Children in small families tend to be bigger, taller, and healthier than those in large ones;

The Family Planning Clinic  Criteria of an Effective Family Planning Clinic  National family planning program noncoercive  Criteria for an effective family planning information campaign Family Planning and Religion Family Planning and Artificially-induced Abortion Family Planning and Morality

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Family Planning and Reproductive Health Family Planning and Other Health Services Family Planning and Nutrition Family Planning and the Youth Family Planning and Responsible Parenthood Family Planning and the Status of Women Family Planning and the Educational System Family Planning and Agrarian Reform Family Planning and Voluntary Organozations Family Planning and the United Nations Values, Beliefs, and Practices Promoting Big Family Norms Freedom of Husbands and Wives to make Reproductive Decisions

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