World between Wars/ Dictators/ World War II Vocab: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
Adolf Hitler: German leader of fascism Albert Einstein: German physicist appeasement: giving into an aggressor to keep peace axis power: Germany, Italy and Japan Benito Mussolini: fascist leader of Italy Charles Lindbergh: American 33 hour solo flight from new York to Paris, France coalition government: the temporary alliance of several parties existentialism: meaning for an uncertain world fascism: new militant political movement that emphasizes loyalty to the state and obedience to leader 10. Franklin Roosevelt: president of 1932 11. Francisco Franco: fascist style general, and leads the Spanish rebellion 12. Friedrich Nietzsche: German philosopher 13. great depression: stock market crashes, all wages and work and industrial production went down 14. isolationism: the belief that political ties to other countries should be avoided 15. jazz: musical movement and style 16. lebensraum: ³living space´ wanted by Germany that was accomplished by annexation 17. Mein Kamf: Adolf¶s journal while he was in jail- my struggle 18. Munich conference: Germany, France, Britain and Italy 19. Nazism: group of fascism and political group, anti- Semitists, and anti- communist 20. new deal: FDR¶s new economic plan 21. Sigmund Freud: a Austrian physician- psychology 22. surrealism: art movement that linked the world of dreams with real life 23. theory of relativity: the use of relative motion by Albert Einstein 24. Third Reich: the German empire 25. Weimar republic: new democratic government 26. Neville Chamberlain: The British prime minister before Winston Churchill 27. Rome- Berlin Axis: The alliance between Italy and Germany 28. Benito Mussolini: Dictator of Italy, and role model for Hitler 29. Hyper Inflation: The mass loss of the value of money in a country 30. Kellog-Briand Pact: a diplomatic agreement between US, Brit., Fr., Germ., and others that states that war or weapons will not be used to solve arguments. 31. League of Nations: Like the UN, but had no army. 32. Treaty of Locarno: A treaty that set France, Germany, and Belgium¶s state boundries. 33. Washington Naval Agreement: Limited number and size for weapons and battle ships 34. 5,3,3 ratio: For every 5 ships the US, Brit, or Fr. Build Germany and all others can build 3 35. Fascism: Had class system, but believed that people had to serve state and not vice versa 36. Reichtog: The German ³congress´ or government 37. Emergency Powers: Dictatorship; was given to Hitler in Germany. 38. Hindenburg: President of Germany before Hitler 39. Nuremberg Laws: Limits what Jews could do and starts the process of removing citizenship. 40. Luftwaffe: New modern German Air force
41. Kriegsmarine: New modern German navy 42. Grand Alliance: Alliance between Britain, United States, and USSR (Allies) 43. DMZ: The German occupation of Rhineland 44. Kristallnacht: ³night of broken glass´ deliberate trashing/ sacking/ burning of Jewish homes businesses and synagogues 45. Nonaggression Pact: A pact of no fighting between USSR and Germany 46. Anti-commenter Pact: The pact that added Japan to the Axis 47. Appeasement: To give into the demands of the aggressor to keep from war 48. Anchluss: Annexation of Austria into Germany (union) 49. Munich Pact: Gave Sudetenland to Germany, could get land, but could not be aggressive, and made half of the Reich a Puppet state. 50. Sudetenland: The area in Czechoslovakia where ethnic Germans live 51. Reich: Germany 52. Puppet State: Acts independent, but really ruled by another country 53. Blitzkrieg: ³lightning war´ a military movement which called for fast conquering (tried on Poland, France, Britain, Belgium, Netherlands, and Norway) 54. Phony war: The beginning of the fighting, but no actions were taken against each other 55. Atlantic Battle: A battle fought off the coast of Britain that is consistently fought using unrestricted submarine warfare 56. Maginot Line: A line of defense that France spent most of the inner war years repairing. This was a line of defense facing Germany 57. Arden Forest: A heavily wooded forest, very old, and not fortified by Maginot line 58. Miracle of Dunkirk: The evacuation of British troops off the coast of France on residential ships. (Hitler¶s first blunder) 59. Battle of Britain: Germany¶s attempt to take Britain by first bombing air force bases 60. Sea lion: The German plan of attack against Britain by sea 61. Eagle: The German plan of attack against Britain by air 62. Radar: An advanced method of communication using waves in air 63. Enigma Code: The German method of communication that Britain cracked 64. RAF: Royal Air Force ( Britain¶s air force) 65. Barbarossa: The method the Germans used to flank Russia using defeated Greece to an advantage. 66. Scorched Earth Policy: The policy called forth by Stalin that makes the land and resources left behind burned and useless. 67. Three Russian Campaigns: Stalingrad (south), Leningrad (north), Moscow (center) 68. African Campaign: A German campaign that was a back a forth between US and Britain 69. Erwin Rommel: a German military leader that led the African Campaign 70. Italian Campaign: The German campaign that was aimed at re capturing Italy from allies 71. ³soft Underbelly of Hitler¶s Europe´: Italy 72. Abbey at Montecassino: a monastery that the Allies Demolished 73. Invasion of Normandy: ³D-Day´ the larges Amphibious ambush in history, and the invasion of France from Britain at Utah, Omaha, and Juno beaches 74. Battle of the Bulge:Last German push for more land. Tried to get Bastogne(no) and Antwerp(yes). 75. V-E Day: Victory in Europe Day (end of war) 76. Holocaust: ³consume by fire´ the extermination of Jews
77. Genocide: The systematic mass killings of a people specific to race, ethnicity, and religion. 78. Jewish Question: ³What do we do with all of these Jews?´ 79. Work Camps: A way to get rid of all these non-Aryans 80. Dachau: The first/model work camp 81. Eugenics: The attempt to create the master race through nasty experimentation 82. Euthanasia: The mass killings of special ed./ mentally or physically disabled people 83. Mobile Gas Vans: the killing of people through the re- direction of the exhaust to the cab 84. Wannsee: The meeting place in Germany to discuss ³the Jewish question´ 85. SS: the Gestapo or the secret police 86. Final Solution: The answer to ³the Jewish question´. Extermination through death camps 87. Ghettos: A separated place for the Jews to live 88. Two line System: all healthy go to work; all sick, ill, old, and young go to gas chambers 89. Gas Chambers: a place disguised as showers that when they turn on gas comes out 90. Israel: A place created when Germans did not know where to deport the Jews 91. Zyklon B: a highly caustic gas that was pumped into gas chambers 92. Nazi Hunters: People that are out to look for ex-Nazis to put on trial no matter how old 93. Nuremberg Trials: The trying of all associated with the Holocaust