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Will HA work if Virtual Center Server is down ? 2. What is DRS/HA/DPM/dvSwitch/FT/vApps/vSafe/vShields ? :-) 3. What are the situations which triggers vMotion automatically ? 4. What are the requirement for FT ? 5. What are the differences between ESX and ESXi ? 6. Which are the new features introduced in vSphere 4 ? 7. Which are the traffic shaping options available to configure ? 8. What is promiscuous mode ? 9. What makes iSCSI and FC diffrent ? 10. What is the format for iSCSI addressing ? 11. VM's Task Manager shows performance normal, But vCenter reports high resource utilization, what is the reason ? 12. What are the different types of memory management tricks available under ESX ? 13. What is vmmemctl ? 14. How we can list pNICs & status using command line ? 15. What is resource pool ? What are the use of it ? http://vsphere-ground.blogspot.com/2010/09/vmware-interview-questions.html VMware interview Questions 1. VMWare Kernel is a Proprietary Kenral and is not based on any of the UNIX operating systems, it's a kernel developed by VMWare Company. 2. The VMKernel can't boot it by itself, so that it takes the help of the 3rd party operating system. In VMWare case the kernel is booted by RedHat Linux operating system which is known as service console.
iSCSI. What is the use of a Port Group? The port group segregates the type of communication. To start the scripted install the command is esx ks=nfs:111.Used for VMotion.56 Ports) -----> Physical Switch Port Should be trunked with all the VLANS to which the VM's need access All the ESX servers should be configured with Same number of Physical Nics (vSwitches) and Connectivity also should be same. NFS Communications 11. it shows as "License Not Used" until. Path for the struts-config. To restart ssh service on vmware service sshd restart 6. VMKernel Port Group . So that vMotion succeeds All the Virtual Machines are connected to one vSwitch with Different VLANS.3. The service console is developed based up on Redhat Linux Operating system. it is used to manage the VMKernel 4. Virtual Machine Port Group .Used for Service Console Communications 3. Virtual Nic(s) on Virtual Machine(s) -----> Physical Nic on the ESX Server (Virtual Switch . Service Console Port Group . In the ESX Server licensing features VMotion License is showing as Not used.17/webapps/ui/WEB-INF/ 8.222. this means the Physical Nic(vSwitch) needs to be trunked with the same VLANS on the Physical Switch Port 10 What are the three port groups present in ESX server networking 1. why? Even though the license box is selected. these communications does not happen without an ip address (Whether it is a single or dedicated) 13.5.Used for Virtual Machine Network 2. To restart webaccess service on vmware service vmware-webaccess restart – this will restart apache tomcat app 5. 12. What are the type of communications which requires an IP address for sure ? Service Console and VMKernel (VMotion and iSCSI). Virtual Network in Simple……………….444:/data/KS. you enable the VMotion option for specific vSwitch .config ksdevice=eth0 location device name 9. To restart host agent(vmware-hostd) on vmware esx server service mgmt-vmware restart 7.333.xml /usr/lib/vmware/webAccess/tomcat/apache-tomcat5.
Task Scheduling and Event Logging 21. Does the vSwitches support VLAN Tagging? Why? Yes. Can we do vMotion between two datacenters ? If possible how it will be? . What are the core services of VC ? VM provisioning . and BTW they can support 1016 VLANS if needed. :) 17. so that the intended virtual machine was able to see the communication. What is Promiscuous Mode on vSwitch ? What happens if it sets to Accept? If the promiscuous mode set to Accept. For this to happen. What is a VLAN ? A VLAN is a logical configuration on the switch port to segment the IP Traffic.vmx (VM Config) file. in other words all the packets are sent to all the ports on vSwitch If the promiscuous mode set to Reject. 18. we need to install a separate physical nic (vSwitch) for every VLAN. The vSwitches support VLAN Tagging. but an ESX server doesn’t support that many VM’s. the port must be trunked with the correct VLAN ID. If it doesn't matches with the MAC address in the OS this setting does not allow incoming traffic to the VM. So this port group enables communication between vSwitch and Physical Switch to connect vm's to Physical Machine's 15. you can see it in the . and the incoming traffic will be allowed to the VM. That is the reason vmware included the VLAN tagging for vSwitches. If it doesn't matches with the MAC address in the OS this setting does not allow outgoing traffic from the VM. and the outgoing traffic will be allowed from the VM.vmx (VM Config) file. How the Virtual Machine Port group communication works ? All the vm's which are configured in VM Port Group are able to connect to the physical machines on the network.14. 20. you can see it in the . What is MAC address Changes ? What happens if it is set to Accept ? When we create a virtual machine the configuration wizard generates a MAC address for that machine. all the communication is visible to all the virtual machines. So by setting Reject Option both MAC addresses will be remains same. 16. What is Forged Transmits ? What happens if it is set to Accept ? When we create a virtual machine the configuration wizard generates a MAC address for that machine. the packets are sent to inteded port. otherwise if the virtual machines in an esx host are connected to different VLANS. So by setting Reject Option both MAC addresses will be remains same. So every vSwitch supports upto 1016 ports. 19.
in the event of VC agent failure just restart the service by typing the following command at the service console " service mgmt-vmware restart " VC agent installed on the ESX server when we add it to the VC.vmx . set the delay how much you want.Virtual Machine Configuration File . The daemon associated with it is called vmware-hostd .vmware. so at the time of installtion if you are getting an error like " VC Agent service failed to install ".Virtual MAchine Snapshot Database .vmss .nvram . and the service which corresponds to it is called as mgmt-vmware.Old Log file 25.vmdk .Virtual Machine Suspended State file . . 22. What is a template ? We can convert a VM into Template. What are the devices that can be added while the virtual Machine running In VI 3. How to set the time delay for BIOS screen for a Virtual Machine? Right Click on VM.0 we can add Memory and Processor along with HDD and NIC's while the machine running 26.vmware-#. This is used to quick provisioning of VM's. select edit settings. choose options tab and select boot option. What are the files that make a Virtual Machine ? . 27.Virtual Machine BIOS .log . How can you edit VI Client Settings and VC Server Settings ? Click Edit Menu on VC and Select Client Settings to change VI settings Click Administration Menu on VC and Select VC Management Server Configuration to Change VC Settings 24.vmsd . so that the wizard will take the advantage of it. 23.log .Virtual Machine Swap File . but the mandatory requirement is the VM should be powered off.vmsn . check the /Opt size whether it is sufficient or not. and it cannot be powered on once its changed to template. What to do to customize the windows virtual machine clone.Virtual Machine Disk file . 23.Yes we can do vMotion between two datacenters. What is VC agent? and what service it is corresponded to? What are the minimum req's for VC agent installation ? VC agent is an agent installed on ESX server which enables communication between VC and ESX server. In vSphere 4.? copy the sysprep files to Virtual center directory on the server.5 we can add Hard Disk and NIC's while the machine running.Virtual Machine Snapshot file .Current Log File .vswp .
it can.To give a user these privileges. The user should have "Logon as service" privileges . what are the user requirements ? The user must be member of administrator. 30. enabling you to: . 25. Its not a backup service..blogspot. we can deploy the vm from that template in another datacenter without any problem. open local sec policy. Does cloning from template happens between two datacenters ? Yes.pdf 2. 27. Will HA work if Virtual Center Server is down ? ANS: http://www. What to do to customize the linux/unix virtual machine clone. What are the requirements for Converting a Physical machine to VM ? An agent needs to be installed on the Physical machine VI client needs to be installed with Converter Plug-in A server to import/export virtual machines 29.yellow-bricks. If you configure the VM with Mapped LUN's as physical.html VMware Interview Questions 1. you need to remove it to take a snapshot. If it is mapped as virtual then we can take a snapshot of it.? VC itself includes the customization tools. What are the common issues with snapshots? What stops from taking a snapshot and how to fix it ? If you configure the VM with Mapped LUN's. 26. that supports 3rd party utilities to take backups of ESX servers and Virtual Machines.com/2010/09/interview-questions. What is VMWare consolidated backup ? It is a backup framework. To open the guided consolidation tool.24. select Logon as service policy and add the user the user should have read access to AD to send queries http://vsphere-ground. What are the settings that are taken into to consideration when we initiate a snapshot ? Virtual Machine Configuration (What hardware is attached to it) State of the Virtual Machine Hard Disk file ( To revert back if needed) State of the Virtual Machine Memory (if it is powered on) 28. What is DRS/HA/DPM/dvSwitch/FT/vApps/vSafe/vShields ? DRS: VMware DRS continuously monitors utilization across resource pools and intelligently aligns resources with business needs. as these operating systems are available as open source. then the snapshot failed. if the template in one datacenter.com/wp-content/uploads/vc.
independent of the operating system and application running in it. Restarts virtual machines on other physical servers in the resource pool without manual intervention when server failure is detected. Provide dedicated IT infrastructure to business units while still achieving higher hardware utilization through resource pooling. cost-effective failover protection against hardware and operating system failures within your virtualized IT environment. and VMKernel interfaces can be connected to dvPortgroups just as like they could be connected to portgroups in vSwitches Administrative rights are required to create the following virtual adapters on each ESX host dvSwitch in vCenter: • • Service Console and VMKernel interfaces Physical NICs and their assignment to dvSwitch Uplink groups Comparing vNetwork Standard Switch with vNetwork Distributed Switch The following features are available on both types of virtual switches: • • • • Can forward L2 frames Can segment traffic into VLANs Can use and understand 802. Virtual machines. All the ESX 4. Create rules and policies to prioritize how resources are allocated to virtual machines. DVswitch: The configuration of vDS is centralised to vCenter. VMware HA provides uniform. like what happens for vSwitch/Portgroup. Service Console interface (vswif).1q VLAN encapsulation Can have more than one uplink (NIC Teaming) . The vDS equivalent of portgroups is a set of ports in a vSwitch. Give IT autonomy to business organizations. dvPortgroups is a set of dvPorts.• • Dynamically allocate IT resources to the highest priority applications. • • • Monitors virtual machines to detect operating system and hardware failures. • HA: VMware HA delivers the availability needed by many applications running in virtual machines. Configuration is inherited from dvSwitch to dvPortgroup. Empower business units to build and manage virtual machines within their resource pool while giving central IT control over hardware resources. Protects applications from operating system failures by automatically restarting virtual machines when an operating system failure is detected.x hosts that belong to a dvSwitch do not need further configuration to be compliant Distributed Switches provide similar functionalities to vSwitches.
to any application. by creating a live shadow instance of a virtual machine that is in virtual lockstep with the primary instance. VMware DRS dynamically load balances server resources to deliver the right resource to the right application based on business priority. based on its need. without any data loss or downtime. VMware High Availability (HA) provides cost effective. By allowing instantaneous failover between the two instances in the event of hardware failure. VMware Storage VMotion eliminates the need to schedule application downtime due to planned storage maintenance or during storage migrations by enabling live migration of virtual machine disks with no disruption to users or loss of service. Security: Security services allow IT to provide applications with appropriate level of enforcement of security policies in an operationally efficient way. without the cost and complexity of traditional hardware or software clustering solutions. VMware VMotion eliminates the need to schedule application downtime due to scheduled server maintenance through live migration of virtual machines across servers with no disruption to users or loss of service. allowing applications to shrink and grow as needed . VMware Fault Tolerance provides continuous availability for applications in the event of server failures. in the event of hardware failures VMware Data Recovery provides simple. VMware Fault Tolerance eliminates even the smallest chance of data loss or disruption. VMware VMsafe enables the use of security products that work in conjunction with the virtualization layer to provide higher levels of security to virtual machines than even physical servers. zero data loss and continuous availability for your applications. provides zero downtime. VMware Fault Tolerance. while still maintaining trust and network segmentation of users and sensitive data. VMware vShield Zones simplifies application security by enforcing corporate security policies at the application level in a shared environment. non disruptively. agentless backup and recovery for virtual machines. automated restart within minutes for all applications in the event of hardware or operating system failures. VMware Fault Tolerance provides continuous availability.• • • • • Can have traffic shaping for the outbound (TX) traffic Can shape inbound (RX) traffic Has a central unified management interface through vCenter Supports Private VLANs (PVLANs) provides potential customisation of Data and Control Planes The following features are available on Only Distributed Switch FT: Maximize uptime in your datacenter and reduce downtime management costs by enabling VMware Fault Tolerance for your virtual machines. Scalability: Scalability services allow IT to deliver the right amount of resource to every application. cost effective.
com/blogs/vmroyale/2009/05/18/vmware-fault-tolerancerequirements-and-limitations 5.Hot add enables CPU and memory to be added to virtual machines when needed without disruption or downtime.html http://www. What are the requirement for FT ? http://jeremywaldrop. a logical entity comprising one or more virtual machines. Just like the UPC bar code contains all information about a product. 3.6.windowsitpro.html http://www.vmware.pdf 8. What is promiscuous mode ? .4.com/files/pdf/virtual_networking_concepts.com/support/vsphere4/doc/vsp_40_new_feat.do? language=en_US&cmd=displayKC&externalId=1006543 6.vmware.vmware.wordpress.vmware.com/2009/08/04/vmware-fault-tolerance-requirementsand-limitations/ http://communities.com/article/virtualization/new-features-in-vsphere-4-0. vApps can comprise of any applications running on any OS.htm? context=server_config&file=sc_adv_netwk. and provide a mechanism for customers to move their applications between internal clouds or external clouds with still the same service levels. Which are the new features introduced in vSphere 4 ? http://www. What are the situations which triggers vMotion automatically ? 4. which uses the industry standard Open Virtualization Format to specify and encapsulate all components of a multi-tier application as well as the operational policies and service levels associated with it. Which are the traffic shaping options available to configure ? http://pubs. Hot plug enables virtual storage and network devices to be added to or removed from virtual machines without disruption or downtime.com/selfservice/microsites/search. Hot extend of virtual disks allows virtual storage to be added to running virtual machines without disruption or downtime vApps: Ensuring seamless application movement and choice between clouds VMware vSphere includes support for vApp.com/vi35/wwhelp/wwhimpl/common/html/wwhelp.aspx 7.vmware. the vApp gives application owners a standard way to describe operational policies for an application which the cloud OS can automatically interpret and execute. What are the differences between ESX and ESXi ? http://kb.
com/selfservice/microsites/search. What is vmmemctl ? http://kb.11.htm? context=resmgmt&file=vc_advanced_mgmt.24.vmware.xangati.http://www.vmware. What is resource pool ? What are the use of it ? http://pubs.vmware.com/downloads/pdf/Promiscuous%20Mode%20Instructions. Memory ballooning.pdf 9.com/vi3/resmgmt/wwhelp/wwhimpl/common/html/wwhelp. Transparent page sharing 10.html 11.htm? context=resmgmt&file=vc_resource_pools. What are the different types of memory management tricks available under ESX ? Swap Files.5.2.do? language=en_US&cmd=displayKC&externalId=1003586 http://pubs.com/vi35u2/wwhelp/wwhimpl/common/html/wwhelp.html .
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