Famous Persona From Gujarat

Originally I wanted to compile a list of famous persons from Kathiawad. Then I thought that if I concentrate only in Kathiawad region then I shall not be able to include Sriman Morarji Desai [29 February 1896 –10 April 1995 born in Valsad], and Sardar [1] VallabhBhai Patel [31 October 1875 – 15 December 1950 born in Nadiad, Kheda District[2] ] because they are not from Kathiawad region of Gujarat. Other film personalities and literary person were also from outside Kathiawad. Morarji Desai Morarji [3] Desai was born in Anavil Brahmin family in Bhadeli, Valsad in Bombay Presidency (now a District in Gujarat). He became 4th Prime Minister of India from 1977–79 and first Indian Prime Minister who did not belong to the Indian National Congress. Before 1947 he became Bombay’s Home Minister and was later elected as Chief Minister of Bombay State in 1952. Also, he was the first Indian ever to have received highest civilian awards from India & Pakistan, the Bharat Ratna and Nishaan-e-Pakistan. (Dilip Kumar was the second Indian to receive Nishaan-e-Pakistan Award). I had to cover Gujarat State and not only Kathiawad to encompass a wider range and not only famous film personalities. Even otherwise, I may not be able to locate as many famous personalities from Kathiawad itself and therefore covering whole Gujarat State became inevitable and also to encapsulate those who were born in Kathiawad/Gujarat but later on moved out; and those who were born and brought up outside Gujarat but their parents are originally from Gujarat. Famous persona from Kathiawad are: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 to 30 January 1948) was the pre–eminent political and ideological leader of India [4] from Porbandar; Muhammad Ali Jinnah Dec 25, 1876 to September 11, 1948) was a 20th century lawyer, politician, statesman and the founder of Pakistan. He is popularly and officially known in Pakistan as Quaid–e–Azam [5] and Baba–e–Qaum (‫بابائے‬ ‫( )قوم‬Father of (Pakistan) Nation); Dhirubhai Ambani (28 December 1932 to 6 July 2002) was an Indian rags–to–riches business tycoon who founded Reliance Industries in Mumbai after the partnership with his cousin Champaklal Damani ended in 1965 [This short-lived partnership firm called Majin was to import polyester yarn and export spices to Yemen]; Harilal Upadhyay (January 22, 1916 to January 15, 1994) was a Gujarati author, considered as one of the all–time great authors in the Gujarati language; Jhaverchand Meghani– Author (August 28, 1896 to March 9, 1947) was noted poet, litterateur, social reformer and freedom fighter from Gujarat) everyone likes the song ‘Raaj Maane Lagyo Kasumbi No Rang’; Jagdip Virani– Well–known Music Director of Gujarati films, a Singer, Painter and Lyricist from Bhavnagar; Morari Bapu– Saint, preacher; Sadiq Ali Memon– A famous Actor in Karachi, Pakistan [6]; Kumar Saheb Ranjitsinhji Jadeja– Maharaja of Nawanagar and famous cricketer who played for English cricket team; Parveen Babi– (April 4, 1949 - 20 January 2005). She happens to be the first Indian actress to have appeared on TIME magazine first cover page in the year 1976 [7]. She did her early schooling in Aurangabad and later attended St. Xavier’s College, Ahmedabad. Her father Vali Mohammed Babi, was an administrator with the Nawab of Junagadh; Abbas Tyabji (1852–1936), the Grand Old Man of Gujarat, who had succeeded Mahatma Gandhi as the national leader in the civil disobedience movement of 1930 after he was arrested; Azim Premji–Wipro Technologies; Narsi Mehta– poet [8] Narsi Bhagat (1414? –1481?) was a Nagar Community member poet– saint or a bhakt. He is acclaimed as Adi Kavi (Sanskrit for “first among poets”) and his bhajan “Vaishnav Jan To Tene Re Kahiye...” is Mahatma Gandhi’s favourite and has become synonymous to him. Those who have false notions that everything in religion signify or be a pictogram of something else, and that the reader must unveil the cipher and come up with an “explanation” to each poem’s sense, will be perturbed by Narsinh Mehta’s poem or will read his poems with fearful inconsiderateness. Narsinh Mehta’s work necessitates concentrated absorption, mind's eye, and strangely elevated lenience for haziness. He was born in Talaja, a place [9] located on national highway No: 8 in between Bhavnagar (50 km)

and Mahuva (40 km). In Junagadh, Narsinh Mehta lived in poverty with his wife and two children. The Ruler of Ahmedabad area Mahmud Begada [10] (Mahmud Shah I) 1458 to1511, invaded Junagadh [11] in 1467 and after many Muslim raids on Hindu regions, Junagadh was annexed to the Gujarat Sultanate. Narsi Mehta thereafter went to Mangrol where, at the age of 66, he is believed to have died. The crematorium at Mangrol is called NarSinh Nu SmaShan; Uchharangrai Navalshankar Dhebar (1905–1977) was active in India's struggle for Independence, and later served as Chief Minister [12] of Saurashtra, and President of the Indian National Congress [13]. As a freedom fighter who worked with Gandhiji. He was a Nagar community member born on September 21 1905 in the hamlet of Gangajala, eleven miles from Jamnagar [14]. Dhebar is also the name of a small village near Porbandar; Dr. Jivraj Narayan Mehta– 29th August 1887, Amreli (Saurashtra), first Chief Minister of Gujarat (Constituency: Amreli), obtained Doctor’s degree from Grant Medical College, Bombay. M.D. & F.R.C.S. (London) and was awarded gold medal for standing first class first in the M.D. Examination. He was the finest Indian Ambassador in Britain; Nanji Kalidas Mehta– (Hindustani Rockefeller of Africa) (1887 to 1969). He was born in late 19th Century and continues to be owner of (tea plantation, a cotton ginnery, a sugarcane plantation and a sugar factory) and prime properties in Porbandar The film actress Juhi Chawla [15] is wife of his grandson Jai Mehta owner of Siddhi Cements, Ranavav (Near Porbandar), and many other independent businesses; Mulvantrai Himmatlal Mankad (12 April 1917 to 21 August 1978), better known as Vinoo Mankad was an effective batsman and slow left arm orthodox bowler (played in 44 Tests) and made 2109 runs at an average of 31.47 including five Test centuries with a top score of 231. Mankad’s all–round performance salvaged India’s pride in a series where they were heavily overmatched. Mankad was the first player in more than 30 years to score a 100 and take five wickets in the same Test and the first Indian to achieve this feat (His son Ashok Mankad (12 October 1946 – 1 August 2008) was a famous cricketer. A right-handed batsman, he played for India in 22 Test [16] matches.); Another famous cricketer from this region was Salim Durrani {There have been good cricketers from Gujarat and someone interested in cricket may do a separate article on cricketers from Gujarat theme}. Madhvani family– (Business tycoons in Africa)– In 1912, Muljibhai Madhvani (1894 – 1958) a Family Patriarch, had arrived in Jinja when he was 18 years old and later became a matchless businessman, Mayur Madhvani is Muljibhai’s fifth and youngest son who got married to film actress Mumtaz on 29 May 1974 [17]; Sarabhai Family–Kathiawadi business family, belonging to Shrimal Jain community. Its members include: Ambalal Sarabhai was [18] in the 1940s and 1950s, the owner of the Sarabhai Textile Mills in Ahmedabad–at the time one of India's largest textile companies, Anasuyaben (his sister), Gandhian freedom fighter, Mridula Sarabhai (his daughter), freedom fighter and Indian politician, Vikram Sarabhai (his son) co–founder of the Indian Space Research [19] Organization and Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Mrinalini Sarabhai (his daughter–in–law) (born 1918), [20] noted danseuse, Kartikeya Sarabhai (his grandson), noted educationist and environmentalist, Mallika Sarabhai [21] (his granddaughter), noted danseuse and activist; Nautamlal Bhagavanji Mehta, businessman and Nagar Sheth of Jetpur (2 September 1879– 2 September 1968) was a freedom fighter and a strong supporter of Mahatma Gandhi; Pranjivan Jagmohan Mehta, known [22] as Dr. P.J. Mehta, a doctor [23] who aided Mahatma Gandhi when he first went to England; Sri Jaisukhlal Hathi, Former Cabinet Minister in Panditji’s cabinet (http://www.indianautographs.com/productdetail-102687.html), and his brother Sri Kantilal Lalshankar Hathi, Advocate On Record, Supreme Court of India, passed away in Baroda on November 25, 2002, aged 88. Sri K L Hathi was a famous freedom fighter and Legal Remembrancer for Gujarat State. Earlier he appeared in Federal Court of India. After 1947 the Supreme Court used to function from few rooms allotted to it in the Parliament of India. From 1961 onwards he practiced as Advocate On Record in the Supreme Court Advocate (The present Supreme Court building was commissioned later). Padma Shree Professor Dr. Upendra V, Baxi, former Vice [24] Chancellor of Delhi University (originally from Saurashtra), and there are many others who served the nation as freedom fighters, national freedom movement supporters, Bankers, Civil Servants, and Administrators.

Most Gujarati lot in these parts took to trading as main business and very few persons from these regions are found in violent sports or in military services. The reader may see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_people_from_Gujarat to know more about those Gujaratis who became known like Kanhaiyalal Maneklal Munshi (December 30, 1887 - February 8, 1971) was an Indian independence movement activist, politician, writer and educationist from Gujarat state. A lawyer by profession, he later turned to literature and politics. There are certain nationally famous Gujaratis who not born in Gujarat and they also did not operate from Gujarat, like: Sir Pherozeshah Mehta was born in Bombay on 4th August 1845. He went to England to specialise in law and there he was influenced by Dadabhai Naoraji who became his political guru. On being called to the Bar in 1868 he returned to India and was soon in the forefront of Bombay's legal luminaries. His eloquent plea for municipal reform was later embodied in the Act of 1872 and Muncipal Act of 1988. He became the father of Bombay's Municipal Charter, founder of its glorious civic tradition. Sir Pherozeshah Mehta was elected President of the Corporation on no fewer than four occasions 1884, 1885, 1905 and 1911. He had close ties with Gujarat as well. Motilal Chimanlal Setalvad, Advocate General of Bombay and later Attorney General for India. http://judgesplot4plot.com/Plot4Plot/000%20Up %20Dates/06%20CJI.LahotiFirm/CJI.motilal__setalvad.htm ; Sir Harilal Jekisundas Kania was the first Chief Justice of India. He held office from 14 August 1947 to 5 February 1951. Prior to holding the office as the Judge, Supreme Court of India, he was the Chief Justice of the Federal Court, the predecessor of the Supreme Court (Supreme Court Judge 1st May, 1987, Chief Justice of India on 13–12–1991 Retired on 17– 11–1992) http://bombayhighcourt.nic.in/site/cj/jmhk1.html Gujarat High Court was established on 1st May, 1960 when former State of Bombay bifurcated into State of Maharastra and State of Gujarat. Hon’ble Mr. Justice Sunderlal Trikamlal Desai was the first Chief Justice of Gujarat High Court. (Hon’ble Mr. Justice K. T. Desai, Hon’ble Mr. Justice J. M. Shelat, Hon’ble Mr. Justice N. M. Miabhoy and Hon’ble Mr. Justice V. B. Raju were the first brother companion judges on the first Gujarat High Court Bench). Sri J. A. Baxi was first Chief Justice of Saurashtra region. His son Commodor J J Baxi, a Naval Architect designed a part of India’s first Naval Air Craft Carrier INS Vikrant.

Prominent Film Personalities
Famous film personalities from Gujarat State are: Asha Parekh [25] Known for her films in Love in Tokyo and Teesri Manzil, the Sai Baba worshipper was born on (2 October 1942) in Maharashtra. is an acclaimed actress, director, and producer. Her best period was from 1959 to 1973. Her Jain father was from Paldi near Pirana in Ahmedabad and her mother was a Muslim lady. Nirupa Roy (4 January 1931 to 13 October 2004) born as Kokila Kishorechandra Bulsara in Valsad, Gujarat. She was married to Kamal Roy when she was 15, and moved to Mumbai. She played leading roles in her early films, and started playing mother roles during the 1970–80s. In 50 years of filmy life she acted in more than 250 films. This film was made three times from 1927 to 1948. After its first release in 1927 director Chandulal Shah remade GunaSundari in 1934. The film was again remade in 1948 by Ratilal Hemchand Punater. Nirupa Roy made her debut as its heroine when GunaSundari was made for the third time. It is story of a poor woman who is disliked by her husband for her moral stand. The woman finally lands in street where she meets with a person who is just like her – a social outcast. The story ends here. The near Hindi version of this film was Akhand Saubhagyabati starred Asha Parekh in 1963. Her TV production ’Jyoti’ was a household show for a long time. About recent Gujarati films, Suresh M Thakkar’s Sajan Haiye Sambhre, Gormano Var Kesariyo and Dikro Kahu Ke were huge hits. Dimple Kapadia [26] (born 8 June 1957) She was discovered by Raj Kapoor who first initiated her in his 1973 movie Bobby. After hiatus (interval) of 11 years Dimple appeared in Zakhmi Sher (1984) with Jeetendra (Kapoor). Simple Kapadia (15 August 1958 – 10 November 2009) Mehta.

, Suchita Trivedi, and Sujata

Tina Munim (February 11, 1957) was [28] born in Mumbai in Gujarati Svetambara Jain family
(lived in Dhaka, Bangladesh). Her forefathers were royal merchants in the service of the Burmese kings under British rule. She was discovered by Dev Anand after she represented India at the International Teen Princess contest in Aruba, and won the Miss Photogenic and Miss Bikini awards.

Rupa Divetia [29] has a very long continuing history with film and stage shows in Hindi and
Gujarati; Prachi Desai (born 12 September 1988) an Indian film and television actress. She is best known as Bani Walia the TV celebrity (Kasamh Se. Zee TV). Prachi was born in Surat, Gujarat. She studied in St Joseph Convent, Panchgani and completed her schooling till ninth grade in Surat. After that, she went to Pune for higher studies. She studied at Sinhagad College, Vadgaon, Pune.

Pooja Gaur is a celebrated television actress. She was born in Gujarat in the city of
Ahmedabad on 1 June 1991. She plays the title role in the serial Mann Kee Awaaz Pratigya on STAR Plus.

Tanvi Vyas Miss India Earth title winner of 2008. She was born on 30 September 1985 in
Mehlol, a village near Godhra, Gujarat, and grew up in the Gujarati city of Vadodara. At the time of the Miss India pageant She was studying graphic design at M.S. University. She has also acted in Eppadi Manasukkul Vandhai (How You Came Into My Heart), a South Indian film directed by P.V. Prasath.

Laxmi Chhaya (Mar Diya Ja E, Ya Chhood Diya Jaaye; Bol Tere Saath Kya Suluk Kiya JaE [30])
A Kathiawadi actress (expired in the year 2004) who was most successful and all her films were great hits. Honey Chhaya, and Harsh Chhaya [31] (married to a Bengali actress Sunita Sengupta), are originally from Kathiawad. Neela Devi Gohil daughter of Royal Family of Bhavnagar got married to Shamsher Raj Kapoor son of Prithvi Raj Kapoor or popularly known as Shammi Kapoor in 1969{during filming of Teesri Manzil (1966) his first wife Geeta Bali died of small pox}. Actors like Jackie Shroff (born 1 February 1960) In his 28 filmy years he has acted in over 150 films [32]. Paresh Rawal (born 30 May 1950) was born in Paliad, Gujarat. He married Swaroop Sampat an actress & winner of Miss India contest in 1979. Pooja Bhatt [33] was born [34] on 24 Feb.1972 to film Director Mahesh Bhatt of Porbandar and Kiran Bhatt (aka Loraine Bright). She is of Gujarati descent on her father's side. She has Scottish, Armenian and Burmese ancestry on her mother's side. She is the step daughter of Soni Razdan, an actress. She has a brother, Rahul Bhatt and step sisters Shaheen and Alia. Emraan Hashmi is another famous cousin who is a Bollywood actor Sharman Joshi. Satish Ravilal Shah, of Sarabhai vs Sarabhai fame and a wide range of Hindi films. The list of his documented acts is very long. A very successful character actor. Ameesha Patel was born on 9 June 1975. She is daughter of Amit Patel and Asha Patel, sister of Ashmit Patel and granddaughter of famous lawyer–politician Barrister Rajni Patel who was the Congress Pradesh Committee President of Bombay. Tulip Joshi (born 11 September 1979) Joshi was born in Mumbai to a Gujarati father and Armenian Lebanese mother. Ayesha Takia (10 April 1986) Ayesha was born in Chembur Mumbai, Maharashtra to a Gujarati father, Nishit and a half British and half Maharashtrian mother, Faridah. Anang Desai [35] famous for his character acting for the past more than three decades. Shruti Seth born on 18 December 1977. She did her schooling from Ashok Academy and graduated from St. Xavier's College Ahmedabad with a degree in Economics and Commerce. She is married to film director Danish Aslam. Himesh Reshammiya was born in Bhavnagar to Vipin Reshammiya & Madhu Reshammiya. He directed the album Tere Naam in 2003. After that, he released, Aashiq Banaya Aapne, as a singer, and songs like Tera Suroor, Zara Jhoom Jhoom and Tanhaiyan went on to become hits.

Farooq Shaikh [36] (born 25 March 1948 (His wife Rupa Jain is a Lady known to Gujarati
populace). Farooq Shaikh has worked with directors like Satyajit Ray, Muzaffar Ali, Hrishikesh Mukherjee and Ketan Mehta. Most successful character actress Bindu (born 17 January 1951) was nearly everyone accepted her from day one from 1970s. She acted in over 160 movies in a career that spanned four decades. Nanubhai Desai father of Bindu was a film producer and her mother name was Jyotsna Desai. She was born in Hanuman Bhagda village in Valsad. Disha Wakani [37], and other famous personalities connected to Gujarat are: Lily Patel, Namitha Kapoor, Swaroop Sampat, Tanaaz Currim, Gayatri Joshi, Hrishita Bhatt, Isha Sharvani, Jhalak Desai, Juhi Parmar, Karishma Tanna, Kashmira Shah, Ketki Dave. Krutika Desai is the wife [38] of Imtiaz Khan. Neelam Kothari (born March 3, 1968) is a former actress and an established jewellery designer [39], Neha Mehta [40], Pinky Parikh [41], Pooja Gaur [42] (Ahmedabad on 1 June 1991) born in Ahmedabad on 1 June 1991. Prachi Shah [43] has acted in film: Isi Life Mein (2010) and on Television in the following shows: Kundali (2000–2001), Kahin Diyaa Jale Kahin Jiyaa (2002), Piya Ka Ghar (2002– 2006), Kyunki Saas Bhi Kabhi Bahu Thi, Kesar (2005–2007) – Kesar, Kayamath (2007–2009) – Premlata Shah, Yeh Pyar Na Hoga Kam (2009). Rashmi Desai [44] (Born on August 4th 1986). She is best known for playing the role of Tapasya Thakur (Tapu) in the popular television soap opera, Uttaran on Colors Tv. Rucha Gujarati Productions).

, Rupal Sanat Vasavada (TV Star. Short stay with Ekta Kapoor


Sanjeeda Sheikh (originally [47] from Ahmedabad) was born on 20th December, 1984 in Kuwait City. Sarita Joshi (Born 1940) [48] She is the daughter of Gujarati actress Jamnaben Thakkar, and marathi stage director Haribabu Joshi. Her famous TV serial is Baa Bahoo Aur Baby[49}. She portrayed Abhishek Bachchan’s mother in Guru directed by filmmaker Mani Ratnam. Supriya Pathak

, Tina Parekh [Khichdi – Melissa in STAR Plus].

Twinkle Khanna , Tina Jatin Khanna, 29 December 1974, She is the wife of Bollywood actor Akshay Kumar and the daughter of established actors, Dimple Kapadia and Rajesh Khanna. Rinke Khanna [52] (27 October 1977) in Mumbai. She made her film debut with Pyaar Mein Kabhi Kabhi (1999), changing her screen name from Rinkle to Rinke. In Mujhe Kucch Kehna Hai (2001), she played a supporting role. She starred in the 2004 film Chameli. She is the daughter of Dimple Kapadia and Rajesh Khanna. Urvashi Dholakia roles.


an actress from Nagar Community became popular and played difficult

Dina Pathak [54](4 March 1922–11 October 2002) She was also a woman activist and remained the President of the 'National Federation of Indian Women’ (NIFW). Ratna Pathak Shah [55] (born 18 March 1963). Ratna Pathak is married to Naseeruddin Shah. Supriya Pathak (born 7 January 1961) [56]. She is famous for her role in Khichdi and Idhar Udhar. Namitha (Telgu film Actress) born as Namita Mukesh Vankawala at [57] Surat, is very popular heroine in Kollywood or Tamil film industry. She was crowned Miss Surat during the year 1998 and was a contestant in the 2001 Miss India pageant. Kalpen Modi, popularly known as Kal Penn [58] is known name in Hollywood. Dev Patel is world [59] famous name for his work in Slumdog Millionaire movie. Ben Kingsley, a winner [60] of Academy Award for Best Actor for his work in title the role of the film Gandhi (film) also originates from Gujarat. Dilip Joshi [Bapu Tame Kamal Kari] who [61] is the Jethalal Gada in Tarak Mehta Ka Oolta Chashma. He has acted in many popular Hindi and Gujarati films, Sanjay Gadhvi born: 22 November 1965 is a writer [62] and director from Surendranagar, Gujarat, and Shravan, etc., are well known personalities who have contributed to Hindi film industry popularly known as Bollywood. These were some of the famous personalities from Gujarat. Maybe the reader has heard about few names from the above list.

Because films have been influencing thought processes of all classes & masses and also, films reflect public morality of the day, I have decided to talk about films from Gujarat. There exists no special distinction like Kathiawadi films or Gujarati films. Most Gujarati films are generally based on Kathiawadi theme. Even most of the Gods were active once upon a time towards Kutch and Kathiawad region thousands of years ago or as it seems because most of the godly settlements are in Kathiawad or Kutch region [upto Sindh Province in Pakistan]. In ancient times Kathiawad was full of interesting events ranging from Lord Krishna to iniquitous Dacoits [63] to revered Saints, Love Stories and Poets like Akha Bapa [64] & Maha Kavi Sunderlal Betai of Dwarka (his son Dr. Ramesh Betai was recipient of National Awards for Literature, Company Secretary J R Betai, etc.). Poetess Mirabai the pride of Mewar and Marwar had spread her memo of love and dedication to Lord Krishna. Mira Bai’s fame spread through out Gujarat only by virtue of her immortal Muse that continued to shower praise of God’s brilliance. In 1932 first Gujarati film Narsinh Mehta in the category of Saint Film Genre was directed by Nanubhai Vakil. In 1935 Ghar Jamai was directed by Homi Master. Then came Kariyavar, directed by Chaturbhuj Doshi, and the film Vadilona Vanke directed by Ramchandra Thakur. Gadano Bel was directed by Ratibhai Punatar, and Leeludi Dharti, was inspired by the novel of same name by Chunilal Madia, directed by Vallabh Choksi These were films on problems of modernisation, realism and reformism. In 1975 Tana Riri was directed by Chandrakant Sangani. The first cinemascope film of Gujarati cinema in 1976 Sonbai ni Chundadi was directed by Girish Manukant. Bhavni Bhavai was released in the year 1980 directed by Ketan Mehta Born in 1954– Navsari in [65] Gujarat. Ketan Mehta did his schooling from Sardar Patel [66] Vidyalaya, New Delhi and later graduated in film direction from Film and Television Institute of India, Pune. Fine camerawork of film Bhavni Bhavai won awards (National Award for Best Feature Film on National Integration, National Film Award for Best Art Direction for Meera Lakhia, and award at the Nantes festival in France). In 1992 Hun Hunshi Hunshilal was directed by Sanjiv Shah was sought to be post-modern. Many famous actors have worked in Gujarati film industry like Sanjeev Kumar [67] (Hari Har Jariwala) (9 July 1938 – 6 November 1985 from Surat), Rajendra Kumar (He was a non Gujarati acting in Gujarati films). Non Gujarati actress Rita Bhaduri acted [68] in many Gujarati films. She did an excellent job on screen. Kiran Kumar is famous[69] film star in Gujarat a Mumbai–based Kashmiri Indian actor who has acted in many Gujarati & Hindi films. He is the son of veteran character actor Jeevan. Upendra Trivedi the Gujarati film actor[70] is also famous for portraying Ravan in Ramanand Sagar’s television series Ramayan. He also acted in some episodes of “Vikram Aur Betaal” also directed by Ramanand Sagar. Arvind Trivedi is the brother of Upendra Trivedi. Aruna Irani [71], Asrani (born 1 January 1941 in Jaipur) [72], Naresh Kanodia is one of the most popular actors of Gujarati cinema. He is brother of Mahesh Kanodia Gujarati films actor [73] and a member of Gujarat Vidhansabha. Jayshree T. (Non Gujarati in Gujarati films), etc. Directors and Producers from Gujarat are Bharat Shah [74], Sanjay Leela Banshali, a film [75] director is an alumnus of Film and Television Institute of India. Bhansali has adopted the middle name “Leela” as a tribute to his mother, Leela Bhansali. Vijay Bhatt (1907–1993) [76] Vijayshankar Jagneshwar Bhatt was born on 12 May 1907 into the modest household of Benkunwar Bhatt and Jagneshwar Bhatt, who was a railway guard at Palitana, Bhavnagar district, Gujarat was a noted producer-director-screenwriter of Hindi cinema, who made such films as Ram Rajya (1943), Baiju Bawra (1952), Goonj Uthi Shehnai (1959) and Himalaya Ki God Mein (1965). He founded Prakash Pictures, a film production company and Prakash Studios in Andheri East, Mumbai, which produced 64 feature films. Bhatt was one of the founding members of Film and Television Producers Guild of India. Nanabhai Bhatt (born June 12, 1915 in Porbandar [77] – died April 24, 1999 in Mumbai) [father of film director Mahesh Bhatt] was a well-known Indian film director and producer of

Bollywood and Gujarati cinema, known for making over a hundred fantasy and mythological films, including Mr. X (1957), Zimbo Comes to Town (1960), Lal Qila (1960) and the blockbuster Kangan (1959) starring Nirupa Roy and Ashok Kumar. His first film, Muqbala (1942), was the first to feature the double-role or "twins" phenomenon in Indian cinema, wherein lead actress Fearless Nadia alternated between the good sister and the gangster's moll. The formula was subsequently emulated in numerous Hindi films. Manmohan Desai (26 February 1937 to 1 March 1994) [78], Mehboob Khan was born Mehboob Khan [79] Ramzan Khan in Bilimoria, Gujarat in Gandevi Taluka of Baroda State. He started as an assistant in the silent era and an extra in the studios of the Imperial Film Company of Ardeshir Irani, before directing his first film, Judgement of Allah (1935), when he started he started directing films for the Sagar Film Company. Directorial features like Aurat followed, with the studios Sagar Movietone and National Studios. In 1945, Khan left set up his own production house, Mehboob Productions [80]. As a director he gave us: Son of India (1962), A Handful of Grain (1959), Mother India (1957), Amar (1954), Aan (1952), Andaz (1949), Anokhi Ada (1948), Elan (1947), Anmol Ghadi (1946), Humayun (1945), Najma (1943), Taqdeer (1943), Huma Gun Anmogaldi (1942), Roti (1942), Bahen (1941), Alibaba (1940), Aurat (1940), Ek Hi Raasta (1939), Hum Tum Aur Woh (1938), Watan (1938), Jagirdar (1937), Deccan Queen (1936), Manmohan (1936), Judgement of Allah (1935). He Produced: Mother India (1957), Amar (1954), Aan (1952), Anokhi Ada (1948), Anmol Ghadi (1946), Zarina (1932), As an Actor he performed in: Zarina (1932), Dilawar (1931), Meri Jaan (1931). He Wrote: Watan (1938) (story), Judgement of Allah (1935) (story, screenplay). Mahesh Bhatt [81], Mukesh Bhatt, Vikram Bhatt, Chandra Barot [82]. Nariman A. Irani [83], Indra Kumar [84], Dhirajlal Shah [85], Abbas–Mustan [86], Mehul Kumar [87], Vipul Shah [88], Rahul Dholakia [89](Godhra Riots fame. His film was banned in Gujarat State). Screen Play writer Abhijat Joshi [90] of 3 idiots and Sharman Joshi are both [91] from Gujarat State. In the area of Music we have many singers in Gujarat but those Gujaratis who made a national mark are mentioned here, namely: Alka Yagnik was born in Kolkata on March 20, 1966 to a Gujarati family. Her mother Shubha Yagnik was a singer [92] of Indian classical music. At the age of 6, she started singing for Calcutta Radio [93], Manhar Udhas [94], The Rajkot born Pankaj Udhas [95]. Falguni Pathak [96], Himesh Reshammiya are well known singers of this industry. Laxmikant and Pyrelal [97], Kalyanji and Anandji [98], Salim & Suleman [99], Ismail Darbar (1 June 1964 (age 46) Surat) are all best known for their knowledge [100] of music and film music direction. Kumari Harshad Ba daughter[101] of Jam DigvijaySinhji [102] was coordinator with INTACH at 71 Lodhi Estate, New Delhi (1982 onwards - ?? Presently I am told She has moved to Jamnagar). The PM of India is always the Ex Officio Chairman of this Trust that was originally guided by Smt. Pupul Jaykar [103].Pupul Jayakar, better known as India’s “cultural tsarina”, presided colossus-like over the country’s cultural scene for nearly 40 years, exposing its many facets overseas through expensive promotional extravaganzas in the 1970s and 1980s. Jayakar’s closeness to three succeeding prime ministers - Jawaharlal Nehru, his daughter Indira Gandhi and her son Rajiv - helped firmly establish her cultural suzerainty. And by the early 1980s Jayakar’s immense talent, unchallenged haughtiness and arrogance, which she made little effort to hide, made her a formidable force, often hated and feared in New Delhi’s incestuous power circles. But when the face-off with Rajiv Gandhi finally came, following court intrigues in the late 1980s, she quietly relinquished power and retired to her flat in Bombay, busying herself with writing and advising on cultural matters. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/obituary-pupul-jayakar1264718.html Many Kathiawadi Cabinet Ministers & Members of Parliament and freedom fighters have contributed in our developmental progress including Gandhiji; Jaisukh Lal Hathi (Constituent Drafting Assembly Committee Member), etc., but I am not in a position to include all the names here. Deepika Chikhalia played Sita [104] in Ramanand Sagar’s hit television series Ramayan. She was elected as Member of Parliament in the Indian Lok Sabha from Baroda constituency in 1991 as a Bharatiya Janata Party candidate.

Many great brains from Kutchh and Kathiawad could not be included for want of precise information or on account of my lack of knowledge. Also I could not find many details about those whose name is not attached to a foot note. I therefore encourage other readers of this note to write about notable personalities if any one has personal knowledge or personal interactions. For example, if any reader meets a Gujarati celebrity a brief narrative of such a meeting with a Gujarati Celebrity may be documented, e.g., meeting with IAS, IPS, Lady Asha Parekh in Mahuva [or where ever] or Lady Mumtaz or Lady Juhi Chawla in Porbandar [or where ever] or a brief meet with Respected wife of Music Director A R Rehman [105] at Porbandar [or where ever]. Detailed note may not be written and a brief description of a meet with any Gujarati celebrity would be just great for a reader. For example local populace at Jamnagar can write about meeting with Jam Sahib (with current photographs); or Sri DaulatSinhji P. Jadeja, former Member [106] Parliament [His cricketer and film actor son Sri Ajay Jadeja (with [107] photographs of his farm house, etc.). Likewise, locals at Porbandar can take snaps of Porbandar Palace on Sea beach and give some details about Maha Rana Saheb of Porbandar, Porbandar Palace [108], and Kirti Mandir, Sudama Temple, etc. Same would be the case in all places where a Palace or Durbargadh buildings are there. His Highness Maharaja Rana Shri Sir Natwarsinhji Bhavsinhji Sahib Bahadur, KCSI (born 1901-06-30, Porbandar, Gujarat - died 1979-10-04, Porbandar) was the Maharaja of Porbandar belonging to Jethwa dynasty. He was the only son of H.H. Maharaja Rana Shri Bhavsinhji Madhavsinhji Sahib Bahadur, Rana Sahib of Porbandar, by his third wife, H.H. Maharani Bama Sahib Ramba Kunverba Sahiba. To introduce Gujarat or famous persons from Gujarat [by way of brief write up] one can take good photograph of any VIP or a Majestic building (even a Circuit House, Dak Bunglow, Municipal Commissioner’s regal Bungalow, grandiose School Building or a magnificent Post Office Building), etc. Such introduction to Gujarat would surely be a great step forward in the direction of properly introducing Gujarat State (its parts) to a reader. Bhavnagar is known as the cultural capital of Saurashtra. Bhavnagar has housed many poets and writers of Gujarati literature. Among them are Meghani [109] , Kavi Kant [110] , Prajaram Raval [111], Dula Kag [112] , Subodh Mehta [113] . Bhavnagar is a great center for education that experiments the new trends in rural and liberal child education. Liberal women’s education was born in Bhavnagar through the efforts of illustrious educator-social reformer Amrutlal Dani. The vibrant [114] cluster of women’s schools and colleges today is due to his devoted and pioneer work. The oldest institution of higher education in Bhavnagar is the Samaldas [115] College. The father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi studied here in 1884 AD. The Bhavnagar University is well known in the region for having 23,000 students, 17 post graduate departments including MBA, MCA, MSc, engineering, and medical colleges. Some of the major educational institutions of Bhavnagar are Shree Dakshinamurti Vinay Mandir, BM Commerce High School, P. P. Institute of Science, Shamaldas Arts & Mehta Commerce College, Shantilal Shah High School (Alfred High School), Sanatan Dharm high school etc. As per the 2001 census, Bhavnagar had a population of 510,958. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Bhavnagar has an average literacy rate of 72% of which 59.5% are males and 77% are females. Before I close I feel the need to mention the names of Tana [116] Riri the singers of Vadnagar. This town (not in Kathiawad) is a known [117] settlement and worship place of ancient Nagar Community and also it is the birth place of Sri Narendra [118] Modi (born 17 September 1950). It has the 15th century ‘Hatkeshver Mahadev’ temple. HatKesh is a form of Shiv worshiped by Nagar Community. Those days, one of the Nav Ratna of The Emperor Akbar, the Sangeet Samrat Tansen sang Raag Deepak in the Durbar of King Akbar in New Delhi. The adverse side effect of this Raag was felt and Tan Sen’s body continued to feel burning sensations. Raag Deepak had ignited inner heat in his body which was not cooling with the passage of time (as it ordinarily ought to). He could not cure this burning sensation and increasing body heat.

He was informed that the only antidote to burning reaction caused by Raag Deepak was hearing Raaga Malhar in pure form which would bring rainfall during singing session to cool him. Raag Malhar was a specialty of two sisters of a Nagar family living in Vadnagar. Their names were Tana and Riri. Those days conservative Nagar family was not commercializing any specialty of their family. Nagar [119] means just Nagar cast. Nagar is not exactly a Brahmin nor a Nagar Brahmin. Nagar is a separate caste or community having all rituals and ceremonies similar to the Greeks. It is believed that ancestors of present day Nagar community members were army chefs working for Greeks [Alexander the Great (r.336-323 BC maybe referred in some context by the historian Herodotus [120].] All history and geography and sanskar and all is great but nothing can progress in continued poverty. The early settlement of Nagar was on bank of river Kapila flowing from hills of Aravalli Mountain range crossing Vadnagar. It fed water to a lake, known as Sharmishtha which is still very much live lake. ‘Sharmistha’ is the name of Clan Goddess of Chhaya Family – also known as Matri Mata or Osam Mata. Tana & Riri obliged Tansen and sang Raag Malhar due to which Tansen was immediately relieved and cured. The Emperor Akbar upon hearing this summoned Tana Riri to his Durbar. The conservative Nagar community sisters were in a great dilemma. If they do not obey the Emperor and refuse to comply with the summons to sing in Durbar then due to such disrespect whole village will be antagonized, and if they do obey the summons and sing in the Durbar of Emperor Akbar then their Nagar Community morals (as prevalent those days) would be violated. The inbuilt morality or genetic unfolding (the inherited characteristic trait) did not permit them to sing in (Public) Durbar. They solved this dilemma by putting an end to their life by drowning in a nearby [121] well. Considering this note to be my first attempt of documenting famous persona in Gujarat [122] I would say that it’d be highly desirable and appreciated by me, and probably others as well, if a reader continues giving narrative details of one personality very well known to him. Even a successful Gujarati NRI settled abroad can be the topic of a brief note to enable others to learn from such good examples (Reverse is also true if reasons of downfall are known in order that others can learn from known mistakes that lead to dark holes). Or, for example, a reader may know the Ruler of Jasdan Sri Ala Khacher Saheb. One can write about Jasdan and contributions of present residents or the royal family. I just thought of Jasdan and therefore I mentioned “Jasdan”. There is no particular reason for giving this name. I have not yet seen Jasdan. My paternal grandmaother’s (Mrs. Narmada Swadia married to Dr. Himatrai A. Chhaya) father Maganlal C. Swadia was Divan of Jasdan way back when my GrandMom was young and unmarried. For that matter I could have said HH Krishna KumarSinhji of Bhavnagar, or Rajkot Thakur Saheb. Like wise all other erstwhile small kingdoms can be documented by few photographs of that place and a write up with photographs of current royal family resident locally; or if someone knows Aditi Mangaldas then [123] one can make a request her to give her dance performance photographs [that are not published elsewhere] and write a few paragraphs about your meeting with her and other family details that she may give about Sriman Surendra Mangaldas, and so on. In due course, if many persons write such notes about a place near to their residence (these days cell phones can take good photographs) then a compilation of pretty good material can be a documented for future reference. End Notes


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vallabhbhai_Patel; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nonviolence; http://www.freeindia.org/biographies/freedomfighters/sardarpatel/index.htm; http://www.sardarpatelaward.com/time.htm; http://www.sardarpatelaward.com/aboutsardar.htm.

After making a name as a criminal lawyer he went to England to become a Barrister. On 13 February 1913 he returned to India and began practicing in Ahmedabad to become a foremost criminal lawyer. 3 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morarji_Desai; http://www.whereincity.com/india/great-indians/prime-ministers/morarjidesai.php; 4 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Porbandar; Porbandar is located at 21°37′48″N 69°36′0″E / 21.63°N 69.6°E; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NASA_Earth_Observatory; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gurjar_Pratihar; 5 http://www.cybercity-online.net/quaid.htm 6 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gujrat; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Gujrat; Notable people in Gujarat State of Pakistan http://www.nrb.gov.pk/lg_election/union.asp?district=10&dn=Gujrat Raja Aziz Bhatti, a recipient of the Nishan-eHaider (Pakistan's highest military award) during the India-Pakistan war of 1965; belongs to Laadhian, a village in Gujrat. Muhammad Akram, a recipient of the Nishan-e-Haider during the India-Pakistan war of 1971; belongs to Dinga, a village in District Gujrat. Shabbir Sharif, a recipient of the Nishan-e-Haider during the India-Pakistan war of 1971; belongs to Kunjah, a town in District Gujrat, Inayat Hussain Bhatti, entertainer, religious scholar, and Punjabi writer, Sharif Kunjahi, Punjabi poet belonging to Kunjah, recipient of Pride of Performance (civil award given by the government of Pakistan), Anwar Masood, Pakistani poet. He writes in Punjabi, Urdu and Persian. Naheed Akhtar, singer, Sabiha Khanum, actress and wife of actor Musa Raza (Santosh Kumar), Shaukat Ali, folk and Ghazal singer, Alam Lohar, folk singer, Arif Lohar, singer, Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain, ex-Prime Minister of Pakistan, ex-head of PML-(Q), Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi, ex-Chief Minister of Punjab, Fazal Elahi Chaudhry, former President of Pakistan, Ahmad Mukhtar, Defence Minister of Pakistan, Qamar Zaman Kaira, former Minister for Information of Pakistan, Captain S I Hussain, a recipent of Tamgha-e-Basalat during the PNS Moawin fire, Haji Javed Akhtar, President of District Bar Association, former Minister for Law and Revenue of Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Mian Imran Masood, MPA, Ex Education Minister Govt. of Punjab. http://www.pap.gov.pk/index.php/members/profile/en/9/110

The region forming modern Pakistan was the site of several ancient cultures including the neolithic Mehrgarh and the bronze era Indus Valley Civilisation. Subsequently it was the recipient of Vedic, Persian, Indo-Greek, Islamic, Turco-Mongol, and Sikh cultures through several invasions and/or settlements. As a result the area has remained a part of numerous empires and dynasties including the Persian empires, Islamic caliphates and the Mauryan, Mongol, Mughal, Sikh and British Empires. Pakistan gained independence from the British Empire in 1947 after a struggle for independence, led by Mohammad Ali Jinnah, that sought independent states for the Muslim majority populations of the eastern and western regions of British India. With the adoption of its constitution in 1956, Pakistan became an Islamic republic. In 1971, an armed conflict in East Pakistan resulted in the creation of Bangladesh. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakistan Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650 mi) coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast.Tajikistan also lies very close to Pakistan but is separated by the narrow Wakhan Corridor. Strategically it is located in a position between the important regions of South Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East. The Kashmir region is claimed by Pakistan and India. Pakistan refers to Indianadministered Kashmir as Indian occupied Kashmir. http://www.faqs.org/minorities/South-Asia/Ahmadis-of-Pakistan.html 7 She acted in the following films: Akarshan (1988), Avinash (1986), Sitamgar (1985), Amir Aadmi Gareeb Aadmi (1985), Telephone (1985), Bad Aur Badnaam (1984), Kanoon Meri Mutthi Mein (1984), Film Hi Film (1983), Rang Birangi (1983), Door-desh (1983), Arpan (1983), Chor Police (1983), Jaani Dost (1983), Mahaan (1983), Razia Sultan (1983), Dil... Akhir Dil Hai (1982), Ashanti (1982), Desh Premee (1982), Khud-Daar (1982), Mangal Pandey (1982), Namak Halaal (1982), Taaqat (1982), Yeh Nazdeekiyan (1982), Meri Aawaz Suno (1981), Ahista Ahista (1981), Khoon Aur Paani (1981), Kranti (1981), Kaalia (1981), Raksha (1981), Shaan (1980), Do Aur Do Paanch (1980), Abdullah (1980), The Burning Train (1980), Ek Gunah Aur Sahi (1980), Gunehgaar (1980), Suhaag (1979), Kaala Patthar (1979), Aahuti (1978), Pati Patni Aur Woh (1978), Amar Akbar Anthony (1977), Chalta Purza (1977), Chandi Sona (1977), Chor Sipahi (1977), Darinda (1977), Mastan Dada (1977), Bullet (1976), Bhanwar (1976), Mazdoor Zindabaad (1976), Deewaar (1975), Kala Sona (1975), Majboor (1974), 36 Ghante (1974), Charitraheen (1974), Dhuen Ki Lakeer (1974), Trimurti (1974), Charitra (1973). Parveen Babi is remembered for her glamorous roles alongside top heroes of the 1970s and early 1980s in blockbusters like Deewar, Namak Halaal, Amar Akbar Anthony and Shaan. 8 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Narsinh_Mehta 9 Its a Tehsil place which owned Alang– one of the larges ship breaking yard with one the place which have highest tide difference sea area in the world. Phrases of Narshin Mehta or selection of a Kathiawadi word that he used was to describe a theme in his mind. The way a preacher would educate his pupils. 10 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahmud_Begada 11 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Junagadh


Uchharangray Navalshankar Dhebar (1905-1977) became the first Chief Minister. He was succeeded by Rasiklal Umedchand Parikh (born 1910) on 19 December, 1954. On November 1, 1956, Saurashtra was merged into Bombay state. And Bombay state called as State of Saurashtra also. In 1960 Bombay state was divided along linguistic lines into the new states of Gujarat and Maharashtra. The territory of Saurashtra, including that of the former kingdom of Sorath or Junagadh is now part of the state of Gujarat. 13 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_National_Congress 14 https://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=28914623249&v=photos#!/group.php?gid=28914623249&v=wall 15 http://www.starboxoffice.com/stars/Default.aspx?bid=actress_Juhi_Chawla 16 Ashok Mankad was born in Bombay, the eldest son of Vinoo Mankad who represented India in 44 Test matches. His brothers Rahul Mankad and Atul Mankad were also first class cricketers. Mankad made a sequence of big scores in the Harris Shield as a teenager. After making 348, 325 and 258 in this inter-school tournament, he was picked to represent Bombay and West Zone cricket team in Under-19 tournaments. He represented the Bombay University in the Rohinton Baria Trophy in his first year in the college. He hit 62 against Nagpur University, 131 against Karnataka and 152 against Madras in the final. Mankad made his first class debut a week before his seventeenth birthday 17 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumtaz_(actress) 18 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ambalal_Sarabhai 19 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vikram_Sarabhai 20 Mrinalini was born to Dr. Swaminathan, a Palghat Iyer, and Ammu Swaminathan who belonged to a famous Nair family called Vadakkath near Aanakkara close to Pattambi in present-day Palakkad district of central Kerala. She spent her childhood in Switzerland, where, she received her first lessons in Dalcroz, a Western technique of dance movements. She was educated at Santiniketan under the guidance of Rabindranath Tagore where she realised her true calling. She then went for a short time to the United States where she enrolled in the American Academy of Dramatic Arts. On returning to India, she began her training in the south Indian classical dance form of Bharatanatyam under Meenakshi Sundaram Pillai and the classical dance-drama of Kathakali under the legendary Guru Thakazhi Kunchu Kurup. Mrinalini got married in 1942 to the Indian physicist Vikram Sarabhai who is considered to be the Father of the Indian Space Program. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mrinalini_Sarabhai 21 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mallika_Sarabhai (born 9 May 1953) The daughter of classical danseuse Mrinalini Sarabhai and renowned space scientist Vikram Sarabhai, Mallika is an accomplished Kuchipudi and Bharatanatyam dancer. She is also known for her contributions in the fields of theatre, television, film, writing and publishing. She is also a TED fellow. 22 http://epo.wikitrans.net/Kathiawar?eng=Kathiawar 23 http://epo.wikitrans.net/Nautamlal_Bhagavanji_Mehta?eng=Nautamlal+Bhagavanji+Mehta 24 http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb3262/is_n1_26/ai_n28698325/pg_34/ 25 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asha_Parekh; http://www.deccanherald.com/content/22959/asha-parekh-honoured-lachchumahraj.html; 26 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dimple_Kapadia; http://www.chakpak.com/celebrity/dimple-kapadia/10996; http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/dimple-kapadia.html 27 Simple Kapadia acted in the following films: 1977 Anurodh 1978 Chakravyuha 1979 Ahsaas 1980 Man Pasand 1980 Lootmaar 1981 Naseeb 1981 Shakka 1981 Zamaane Ko Dikhana Hai 1982 Dulha Bikta Hai 1982 Jeevan Dhaara 1982 Tumhare Bina 1984 Hum Rahe Na Hum 1985 Rehguzar 1986 Pyaar Ke Do Pal. She designed costumes in: 1987 Insaaf 1989 Shehzaade 1990 Drishti 1990 Lekin... 1991 Ajooba 1993 Darr 1993 Aaj Kie Aurat 1993 Rudaali 1995 Barsaat 1996 Ghatak: Lethal 1996 Jaan 1996 Ajay 1998 Chachi 420 1998 Jab Pyaar Kisise Hota Hai 1999 Yeh Hai Mumbai Meri Jaan 2001 Pyaar Zindagi Hai 2001 Kasam 2002 23 March 1931: Shaheed 2004 Rok Sako to Rok Lo 2005 Socha Na Tha 2006 Naksha 2006 Gafla. 28 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tina_Munim 29 http://www.tvbasti.com/celebrity/Rupa-Divetia/448/biography; 30 http://memsaabstory.wordpress.com/2009/04/29/my-ten-favorite-laxmi-chhaya-songs/; http://bollywood501.com/classic_f/Laxmi_Chhaya/index.html; http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0156857/; http://www.chakpak.com/celebrity/laxmi-chhaya/10336; http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EgeW4bJGmgQ 31 On TV he is famous for Harsh Chhaya, who is married to a pretty Bengali actress Sunita Sengupta, has acted in a number of TV serials like Thodi Si Zameen Thoda Sa Aasmaan as Dushyant Jajodia, Love Story as ACP Rohit Saxena, Ghar.. Ek Sapna as Risshabh, Dehleez as Shantanu and many more. The most famous one was Astitva Ek Prem Kahani where he played a character called Dr. Manas and he plays Karan Singh in one of the latest serials called Ladies Special aired on Sony TV. His famous movies are: Blue Oranges (2009) – Anurag Dixit; Coffee House (2009); Oh, My God!! (2008) – Shekhar; Fashion (2008) – Vinay Khosla; My Friend Ganesha (2008); Mithya (2008) – Bhanu; Laaga Chunari Mein Daag (2007); It's Breaking News (2007) - S P Gupta; Red Swastik (2007) – DSP; Bheja Fry (2007) - Mr. Kapoor; Corporate (2006) - Naveen Shroff; Dhadkanein (2005); Ramji Londonwaley (2005); Stop! (2004); Dum (2003) – Siddhant; Janasheen (2003) - Virendra Kapoor; Saaya (2003) - Dr.Goenka; Company (2002) - Insp. Sawant; Hathyar (2002) - Gauri's first husband; Dil Pe Mat Le Yaar (2000) – Ali; Swabhimaan (1995) – Karan. 32 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jackie_Shroff 33 http://www.bollywoodhungama.com/celebrities/filmography/10077/index.html 34 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pooja_Bhatt; 35 Kab Takk (2011) (Under Production), Aakhri Kasam (2011) (Under Production), Parinaam–The Result (2011) (PostProduction), Khichdi – The Movie (October 1, 2010), Ek Vivaah Aisa Bhi (November 7, 2008), Good Boy Bad Boy (May 11, 2007), Sarhad Paar (March 9, 2007), Salaam–E–Ishq (January 26, 2007), Utthaan (October 13, 2006), Suroor (August 2006) (Post – Production), Humko Tumse Pyaar Hai (February 24, 2006), Sandwich (2006), 7 Phere (July 29, 2005), Yakeen (June 1, 2005), Dhamkee – The Extortion (March 18, 2005), Madhoshi (September 24, 2004), Uuf Kya Jaadoo Mohabbat Hai (May

21, 2004), Agnipankh (February 27, 2004), Raja Bhaiya (October 24, 2003), Baghban (October 3, 2003), Tere Naam (August 15, 2003), Maa Santoshi Maa (July 18, 2003), Ishq Vishk (May 9, 2003), Dum (January 24, 2003), Rakhail - The Mistress (2003), Pyaasa (October 11, 2002), Dharam Sharaarat (July 12, 2002), Badhaai Ho Badhaai (June 14, 2002), Na Tum Jaano Na Hum (May 10, 2002), Raaz (February 1, 2002), Maa Tujhhe Salaam (January 25, 2002), Yaadein (July 27, 2001), Bas Itna Sa Khwaab Hai (July 6, 2001), Ek Rishtaa – The Bond Of Love (May 18, 2001), Hamara Dil Aapke Paas Hai (August 24, 2000), Dahek: A Burning Passion (1999), Jhoot Bole Kauwa Kate (December 4, 1998), Bal Brahmachari (September 6, 1996), Dil Ka Doctor (1995), Gunah (October 8, 1993), Gumraah (September 24, 1993), Sir (July 9, 1993), Aashiqui (August 17, 1990), Jurm (July 13, 1990), Krodh (March 23, 1990), Parinda (November 3, 1989), Mirani Falak (April 1, 1988) New Delhi Times (1986), Gandhi (January 28, 1983) (role of Acharya J B Kriplani). 36 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Farooq_Sheikh; 37 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disha_Vakani She popularly known as "Daya Gada" '. And her very popular comedy serial is Taarak Mehta Ka Ooltah Chashmah on SAB TV. 38 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krutika_Desai_Khan. 39 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neelam_Kothari 40 http://bubblesbollywood.blogspot.com/2011/03/neha-mehta-makes-comebapnkck-with.html 41 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pinky_Parikh 42 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pooja_Gaur 43 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prachi_Shah, Isi Life Mein (2010), Television: Kundali (2000–2001), Kahin Diyaa Jale Kahin Jiyaa (2002), Piya Ka Ghar (2002–2006), Kyunki Saas Bhi Kabhi Bahu Thi, Kesar (2005–2007) – Kesar, Kayamath (2007– 2009) - Premlata Shah, Yeh Pyar Na Hoga Kam (2009). 44 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rashami_Desai; http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/keyword/rashmi-desai 45 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rucha_Gujarati 46 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ekta_Kapoor 47 http://www.sanjeeda-sheikh.com/biography.php 48 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarita_Joshi 49 http://wn.com/Sarita_Joshi; http://fridaymoviez.com/celebrity/sarita-joshi/biography/60510 50 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supriya_Pathak 51 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twinkle_Khanna; http://www.ratedesi.com/i/pic/vo0LT58ojrylVM:/She-Was-Born-On-29December 52 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rinke_Khanna; http://tamilcinema.dk/Films/FilmsBy.aspx?cat=cast&id=211&name=Rinkle %20Khanna 53 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urvashi_Dholakia 54 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dina_Pathak; http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0665544/ 55 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ratna_Pathak; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naseeruddin_Shah. Naseeruddin Shah Born in Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh, India, he is a descendant of the 19th-century Afghan warlord Jan Fishan Khan, and related to the Afghan writer Idries Shah, the famous Pakistani actor, Syed Kamal Shah , Director General of IB, Pakistan, Shah Mahboob Alam and the cricketer Owais Shah. Naseeruddin Shah did his schooling at St. Anselm's Ajmer and St Joseph's College, Nainital. He graduated in arts from Aligarh Muslim University in 1971 and attended National School of Drama in Delhi. http://www.tvbasti.com/celebrity/Ratna-Pathak-Shah/488/biography 56 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supriya_Pathak She is famous for her role in the Indian sitcoms Khichdi and Idhar Udhar. http://www.bollywoodhungama.com/celebrities/filmography/11746/index.html. 57 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Namitha; http://www.gujarattalk.com/pg/photos/album/4743/namita-


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kal_Penn; http://www.whorunsgov.com/Profiles/Kalpen_Modi; http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0671980/; http://kalpenmodi.com/; http://www.facebook.com/pages/KalpenModi/108247152528741; http://www.dnaindia.com/entertainment/report_you-can-call-me-kalpen-modi_1272099; http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ope/staff/Kalpen-Modi; http://www.india-server.com/news/kal-penn-is-nowkalpen-modi-8634.html 59 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dev_Patel; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twelfth_Night; http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/entertainment/film-tv/news/slumdog-success-story-continues-14152453.html; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jokela_High_School_shooting; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beslan_school_hostage_crisis 60 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ben_Kingsley; http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0001426/; http://www.rottentomatoes.com/celebrity/ben_kingsley/; http://www.talktalk.co.uk/entertainment/film/biography/artist/benkingsley/biography/154 61 http://www.speakbindas.com/interview-of-jethalal-gada-fame-dilip-joshi/ 62 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sanjay_Gadhvi; http://www.imdb.com/name/nm1189376/; http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/keyword/sanjay-gadhvi; http://www.bollywoodhungama.com/celebrities/filmography/2185/index.html 63 Thre were many Barwatia dacoits who fought against the British Sena. Daku Bhupat onPatanvav hills near Upleta opposite Bhadar River was active in his fight against the Britishers in his own way. These Dacoits were criminals in the books of the British rulers but Indians considered them heros and they were named BarWatia. Kadu Makrani was a 19th century’s archetypal figure who was born and brought up in Makran, Balochistan. He rose as an insurgent in Kathiawar, Gujarat, martyred and buried in Karachi, Sindh in 1887. For example in early English history when Earl of Huntingdon’s property was taken away by John’s Regency Government, he gathered together his retainers, went into Sherwood forest, and, under the name of Robin Hood, is to this day in

England a household word. The primary object of Robin Hood was not to commit offences, although he practically did nothing else. His wish was to create many impediments in judicial and administrative process of that part of kingdom to make governance of that territory impossible. He succeeded and was thus able to recover from the central authority his sequestered lands and title. Similarly, the “Girasia outlaws” of Saurashtra Peninsula acted on almost same lines all the time creating hindrance in justice & administration of the territory occupied by the British. They were usually, although by no means always — for as late as 1902 the Judicial Assistant convicted a band of Mahomedans who had gone out against Junagadh— Kathi landholders who had been turned out of their villages by more powerful neighbours. 64 http://www.poetry-chaikhana.com/A/Akha/index.htm; http://www.forsv.com/guju/?p=25; http://www.emagister.in/ph_d_history_medieval_bhakti_movement_bhakti_poet_akha_courses-ec2702252.htm 65 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ketan_Mehta 66 https://www.facebook.com/home.php?sk=group_190889297600406 67 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sanjeev_Kumar; 68 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rita_Bhaduri; http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0080150/; http://movies.in.msn.com/actor.aspx?P_PersonID=72011 69 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kiran_Kumar; http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0474820/ 70 http://www.citwf.com/person48491.htm; http://www.imdb.com/name/nm1033232/ 71 Born in 1952 Irani into an Parsi family she made her debut in Gunga Jumna (1961) when she was nine years old. She acted in Jahanara (1964), Farz (1967), Upkar (1967) and Aaya Sawan Jhoomke (1969), Aulad (1968) with Mehmood, Humjoli (1970), and Naya Zamana (1971). Her film Caravan (1971) was a great hit. Bombay To Goa (1972), Garam Masala (1972), and Do Phool (1973) were also successful films to her credit. Farz (1967), Bobby (1973), She acted with Jayaprada in Sargam (1979), and Kumar Gaurav in Love Story (1981). She worked with Sanjay Dutt in Rocky (1981). Her roles were memorable in Roti Kapada Aur Makaan (1974), Do Jhooth (1975), Khel Khel Mein (1975), Bhanwar (1976), Fakira (1976), Laila Majnu (1976), Sargam (1979), Qurbani (1980), Aas Paas (1980), Love Story (1981)and Kudrat (1981). She finally won her first Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award for Pet Pyaar Aur Paap (1984). She has also acted in the Kannada, Gujarati and Marathi films {Changu Mangu, Bol Baby Bol}. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aruna_Irani 72 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asrani_(actor); In 1964 Asrani joined the Film Institute in Poona and finished his course in 1966. He impressed many others and in 1967 he made his acting break in a Gujrati movie opposite budding actress Waheeda (Not legendary Waheeda Rahman but the Gujrati Actress). He acted in four other movies- mainly as Actor or supporting actor in Gujrati from 1967 to 1969 before landing his first Hindi movie role in Umang- a low budget moviewhich also had Subash Ghai and Paintal. 73 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahesh_Kumar_Kanodia Mahesh Kumar Kanodia (born January 27, 1937) was a member of the 14th Lok Sabha of India. He was representing the Patan constituency of Gujarat and is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party. He is well known face in Gujarati cinema. 74 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bharat_Shah 75 http://www.sanjayleelabhansali.com/; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sanjay_Leela_Bhansali; 76 http://www.vijaybhatt.net/ 77 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nanabhai_Bhatt; http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0080320/; http://www.sabrang.com/cc/comold/august98/mahesh.htm; http://wn.com/Nanabhai_Bhatt 78 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manmohan_Desai; http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0220828/ Gangaa Jamunaa Saraswathi, 1985 Mard, 1983 Coolie, 1982 Desh Premee, 1981 Naseeb, 1979 Suhaag, 1979 Amar Akbar Anthony, 1977 Parvarish, 1977 Chacha Bhatija, 1977 Dharam Veer, 1974 Roti, 1973 Aa Gale Lag Jaa (as Man Mohan Desai), 1972 Raampur Ka Lakshman, 1972 Bhai Ho To Aisa, 1972 Shararat, 1970 Sachaa Jhutha (as Man Mohan Desai), 1968 Kismat, 1966 Budtameez, 1963 Bluff Master, 1960 Chhalia, 1957 Janam Janam Ke Phere: Alias Sati Anapurna (as Manoo Desai). 79 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mehboob_Khan; Mehboob Studios was set in Bandra West in 1954. 80 hroughout his career, Khan produced and directed many blockbuster films, the most notable being the romantic drama Andaz (1949), the swashbuckling Aan (1951), the dramatic Amar (1954) and the social epic Mother India (1957), the latter of which was nominated for an Academy Award in 1957 and was a remake of his own 1940 film Aurat. He has directed 21 other films dating from the late 1930s. His earlier works were in Urdu, but his later material, including Mother India, were in Hindi although many say he utilized Hindustani, a friendlier and softer spoken version of Hindi and Persian. Several of his films, especially his earlier films Humayun, the story of a Mughal emperor who ruled India, Anmol Ghadi and Taqdeer, in which he introduced Nargis, who would later marry Sunil Dutt, were written by Aghajani Kashmeri also Kashmiri and Agha Jani. Kashmeri was responsible for picking and training Nargis in Hindustani and Urdu dialogue delivery. His last film as a director was the 1962 film Son of India. He died soon at the age of 57, and was is buried at Badakabarastan in Marine Lines, Mumbai. His death occurred the next day after the death of Jawaharlal Nehru, the Prime Minister of India. Khan introduced and helped establish the careers of many actors and actresses who went onto become big stars in the 1950s and 1960s such as Dilip Kumar, Raj Kapoor, Sunil Dutt, Rajendra Kumar, Raaj Kumar, Nargis, Nimmi and Nadira. Khan was known for having been influenced by Hollywood films and his films often featured lavish sets in the style of the Hollywood era at that time. The oppression of the poor, class warfare and rural life are recurring themes in his work. He was the adopted father of Sajid Khan, who appeared in his last two films Mother India and Son of India. 81 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahesh_Bhatt; Manzilein Aur Bhi Hain (1974) • Vishwasghaat (1977) • Naya Daur (1978) • Lahu Ke Do Rang (1979). Abhimanyu (1980) • Arth (1982) • Saaransh (1984) • Janam (1985) • Aashiana (1986) • Naam (1986) • Aaj (1987) • Kaash (1987) • Thikana (1987) • Siyasat (1988) • Kabzaa (1988) • Daddy (1989). Awaargi (1990) • Jurm (1990) • Aashiqui (1990) • Swayam (1991) • Saathi (1991) • Dil Hai Ki Manta Nahin (1991) • Sadak (1991) • Saatwan Aasman (1992) • Junoon (1992) • Phir Teri Kahani Yaad Aayee (1993) • Gunaah (1993) • Sir (1993) • Hum Hain Rahi Pyar Ke (1993) • Gumrah (1993) • Tadipaar (1993) • The Gentleman (1994) • Naaraaz (1994) • Swabhimaan (1995) • A Mouthful of Sky (1995) • Milan (1995) • Naajayaz (1995) • Criminal (1995) • Papa Kahte Hain (1996) •

Chaahat (1996) • Dastak (1996) • Tamanna (1997) • Kabhie Kabhie (1997) • Duplicate (1998) • Angaaray (1998) • Zakhm (1998) • Yeh Hai Mumbai Meri Jaan (1999) • Kartoos (1999). http://www.indicine.com/movies/bollywood/emotionalmahesh-bhat-about-woh-lamhe-and-parveen-babi/ 82 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Don_(1978_film) 83 http://www.imdb.com/name/nm2174704/ 84 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indra_Kumar 85 http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0787434/ 86 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abbas-Mustan 87 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mehul_Kumar 88 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vipul_Amrutlal_Shah; http://www.bollywoodhungama.com/celebrities/filmography/6309/index.html 89 http://www.rahuldholakia.com/; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rahul_Dholakia; http://www.imdb.com/name/nm1194320/ 90 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abhijat_Joshi; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Economic_Times; http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/ahmedabad-times/Lage-Raho-Abhijat/articleshow/1738282.cms; http://ahmedabadtheatregroup.org/marmbhed.html; http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2010-01-17/newsinterviews/28130686_1_raju-hirani-idiots-success-story 91 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sharman_Joshi 92 http://www.hindilyrix.com/singers/singer-alka-yagnik.html; http://www.planetradiocity.com/musicopedia/music_newupdatearticle.php?conid=19; http://mp3bear.com/? q=shubha+yagnik; http://www.facebook.com/pages/Alka-Yagnik/108334905854333 93 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alka_Yagnik 94 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manhar_Udhas; http://ww.smashits.com/arpan-by-manhar-udhas/songs-321.html 95 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pankaj_Udhas; http://www.sadapunjab.com/music/singer/Pankaj%20Udhas/index.html 96 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Falguni_Pathak; http://www.falgunipathaksongs.com/ 97 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laxmikant-Pyarelal; http://www.emusic.com/artist/Laxmikant-Pyarelal-MP3Download/11644865.html 98 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalyanji_Anandji; http://www.raaga.com/channels/hindi/music/Kalyanji_Anandji.html 99 http://www.salimsulaiman.com/; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salim-Sulaiman; http://passionforcinema.com/the-rise-ofsalim-sulaiman/; http://passionforcinema.com/the-rise-of-salim-sulaiman/; http://www.smashits.com/salimsulaiman/albums/music-director-1904-page-1.html 100 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ismail_Darbar; http://www.hindilyrics.net/profiles/ismail-darbar.html 101 http://www.royalark.net/India/nawana8.htm; http://www.facebook.com/permalink.php? story_fbid=164757543552305&id=28914623249; http://www.indiankanoon.org/doc/883861/; http://tein.facebook.com/group.php?gid=28914623249&v=wall; http://www.panoramio.com/user/3110721; 102 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K._S._Digvijaysinhji; https://www.facebook.com/pages/I-SLO-im-Jam-Saheba-DigvijaySinhji/106519226050645; https://www.facebook.com/pages/KS-Digvijaysinhji/143539218995517; http://www.npgprints.com/image.php?imgref=126134; http://www.mpsmcjamnagar.com/GGH.aspx; http://www.enotes.com/topic/K._S._Digvijaysinhji; 103 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pupul_Jayakar; Pupul Jayakar was born in 1915 at Etawah, in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Her father was a liberal intellectual and senior officer in the Indian Civil Service, while mother came from a Gujarati Brahmin family from Surat, where Pupul spent her yearly summer breaks. She had a brother, Kumaril Mehta and 4 sisters, Purnima, Premlata, Amarganga and Nandini Mehta. Her father's work took the family to many parts of India, where she got the opportunity to absorb local crafts and traditions early on in life. At the age eleven, she went to Banaras (Varanasi), where she studied to a school started by Annie Besant, theosophist who was also active in Indian freedom movement, subsequently he father got posted to Allahabad, where she first came in contact with Nehru family at age fifteen, as her father was a friend of Motilal Nehru. Subsequently she became friends with daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi She attended Bedford College in London before graduating from the London School of Economics in 1936. On returning home she married Manmohan Jayakar, a barrister, and settled down in Bombay (now Mumbai). 104 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deepika_Chikhalia 105 Rehman was converted to Islam was a mutual decision with his mother. “Around 1988, I built this studio. The foundation stone was laid by the Sufi healer, Karimullah Shah Qadri, who had treated my father during the last stages of his illness. My mother and I resolved to follow one faith to give us peace of mind, we wanted to cleanse ourselves of our sorrows.” His three sisters also embraced Islam. Rehman said in an interview that: “I guess you could put it that way. I never had a girlfriend. If I've fallen in love ever, it’s with my wife Saira... she's from Porbandar.” http://www.india-forums.com/forum_posts.asp?TID=235014&TPN=114 106 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jamnagar_(Lok_Sabha_constituency) 107 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ajay_Jadeja; http://www.espncricinfo.com/india/content/player/29632.html; 108 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natwarsinhji_Bhavsinhji; http://uqconnect.net/~zzhsoszy/ips/n/nawanagar.html; http://www.rkmrajkot.org/history.php 109 http://jhaverchandmeghani.com/ 110 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kavi_Kant; http://wn.com/Kavi_Kant 111 http://wn.com/Prajaram_Raval; http://www.gujaratisahityaparishad.com/prakashan/photo-gallery/sahityasarjako/Prajaram-Raval.html 112 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dula_Bhaya_Kag; http://kapilnusahitya.wordpress.com/category/dula-bhaya-kag/;

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http://fenilandbollywood.com/tag/subodh-mehta/ http://www.travelexpertguide.org/forum/India/What-do-you-know-about-Bhavnagar-Gujarat-India-411137.htm 115 http://www.mkgandhi.org/gphotgallery/1869-1914/pages/g.htm Samaldas College, Bhavnagar, where Gandhi studied. 116 http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2010-11-23/vadodara/28235035_1_shubha-mudgal-vadnagar-dadra; Tana & Riri: The Gujarat Geniuses Tansen turned to, Kannan Somasundaram, TNN, Nov 23, 2010, 10.24pm IST 117 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vadnagar; http://vadnagar.blogspot.com/; http://www.maplandia.com/india/gujarat/mahesana/vadnagar/; http://www.tourism-of-india.com/vadnagar.html; 118 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Narendra_Modi; http://www.thenarendramodi.info/; http://twitter.com/narendramodi; http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report_how-narendra-modi-tackled-71-questions-by-the-sit_1503038; http://www.indiatoday.com/itoday/20070212/nation1.html; http://www.moneycontrol.com/biography/Narendra_Modi/550; http://www.hindu.com/thehindu/holnus/000200712231550.htm 119 Nagar means just pure Nagar from Vadnagar – it is a separate race & caste altogether in every respect and not connected in any manner to any Bhramin clan. In fact Nagar those days used to be considered much above all other castes. These days it is quite likely that Nagar community may need to be protected like a minority community or a tribe or a backward community. The reason is poverty. There are very few Nagar community members (among Non Doctors, Non Lawyers) who are rich. In fact I have not so far seen a rich Nagar family member. I have heard that “this” and “that” Nagar parivar is very rich but when I actually “See” that Nagar parivar or the so called “rich” parivar I am slightly confused because I have real rich friends in Delhi, Mumbai and five other countries and compared to them the “richness” of Nagar ‘rich’ parivar is no even comparable to pea nuts. But that is my opinion. 120 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herodotus; http://www.livius.org/he-hg/herodotus/herodotus01.htm; http://www.isidore-ofseville.com/Alexanderama.html; http://grad.usask.ca/gateway/archive25.htm; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nagar. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nagar_Brahmins. Some historians believe that in 303 BCE. Seleucus I (a commander in Alexander’s army) led an army to the Indus in India, where he encountered Chandragupta. The confrontation ended with a peace treaty, and "an intermarriage agreement", meaning either a dynastic marriage or a more general agreement for intermarriage between Indians and Greeks. Accordingly, Seleucus ceded to Chandragupta his northwestern territories as far as Arachosia and received 500 war elephants (which played a key role in the victory of Seleucus at the Battle of Ipsus). Nagars are believed to be the progeny of this liaison and have therefore acquired the physical features and strength of the Greek soldiers and the intelligence of the Kashmiri Pundits. Part of it may not be true because Nagar history dates back to 10,000 years B C, supported by Nagar Khand in Skandh Puran [Nagar chapter given in Skandh Puran, a sacred religious book of Sanatan Dharm which is 15000 years old]. 121 Known history of Vadnagar goes well beyond 2500 years. Vadnagar is referred to as Anartapur in Mahabharata War. Vadnagar is located at 23°47′N 72°38′E / 23.78°N 72.63°E / 23.78; 72.63 and has an average literacy rate of 65%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 75%, and female literacy is 54%. I would therefore say that if time permits one must think of visiting Vadnagar as well for many historical reasons other than music related monument. 122 Major Cities having population over 100000 are Ahmedabad , Jamnagar , Rajkot , Surendranagar , Bhavnagar , Junagadh , Porbandar , Gandhinagar , Nadiad , Anand , Vadodara , Broach , Surat , Navsari , Gandhidham. 123 http://www.aditimangaldasdance.com/upcoming.html; http://www.aditimangaldasdance.com/; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aditi_Mangaldas; http://iccr.tripod.com/AditiMangaldas.htm Aditi Mangaldas - Kathak Exponent " A highly proficient dancer in the traditional techniques of Kathak, Aditi Mangaldas has broken through the rigid Kathak form and choreographed original expressions using the kathak base but intermingling it with contemporary insights, she is highly intelligent, has a fine stage presence and a sensitivity which enables her to interpret the voices of today in an original form. " Written by the late Smt. Pupul Jayakar, Former Chairperson - Indian National Trust For Art And Heritage; Former Chairperson - Festivals of India ( France, USA , England & Japan ); Former Advisor to the Prime Minister of India on Heritage & Cultural Resources. http://mumbaikarindelhi.blogspot.com/2007/09/aditi-mangaldassnubs-narendra-modi.html; http://yaksha.info/tag/aditi-mangaldas; http://www.facebook.com/pages/AditiMangaldas/140325909327199; http://www.narthaki.com/info/prv09/prv315.html; http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=oeJDc3224-M

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