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RTI stands for "Right to Information". Right to Information is a fundamental right that every citizen has! Basically, the RTI gives you all the information that you want about the Govt. and what they are doing with your tax money! You have the right to ask our Government, why the roads outside your house are not fixed? Why have you not received your ration card as yet? Why is there so much garbage in your area that is not picked up etc. It comes into force on the 12th October, 2005 (120th day of its enactment on 15th June, 2005). The Act extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir. It includes the right to i. Inspect works, documents, records. ii. Take notes, extracts or certified copies of documents or records. iii. Take certified samples of material. iv. Obtain information in form of printouts, diskettes, floppies, tapes, video cassettes or in any other electronic mode or through printouts Application procedure: 1. Apply in writing or through electronic means in English or Hindi or in the official language of the area, to the PIO, specifying the particulars of the information sought for. 2. Reason for seeking information are not required to be given; 3. Pay fees as may be prescribed (if not belonging to the below poverty line category). One or more officers in every Government Department have been made "Public Information Officers" (PIO). If you want some information, you need to file an application with the PIO. The PIO s are responsible for collecting information wanted by you and providing that information to you. Success stories RTI RTI paves the way A road was dense carpeted in the year 2001 in Patparganj area in East Delhi but some portions were left undone. The residents suspected foul play. In the year 2002, when Right to Information Act came, they sought a copy of contract of the road. Within a week of filing the application, the Executive Engineer called up the applicant and promised to complete the job. The undone portions have been done since then
A child above six years of age has not been admitted in any school or though admitted. as may be prescribed: Provided further that a child so admitted to elementary education shall be entitled to free education till completion of elementary education even after fourteen years. or required to pass a board examination until completion of elementary education. in order to be at par with others. No child shall be denied admission in a school for lack of age proof A child who completes elementary education shall be awarded a certificate. Deaths and Marriages Registration Act. School infrastructure (where there is problem) to be improved in three years. Provided that where a child is directly admitted in a class appropriate to his or her age. have a right to receive special training. he or she shall. could not complete his or her elementary education. 1856 or on the basis of such other document. the age of a child shall be determined on the basis of the birth certificate issued in accordance with the provisions of the Births. expelled. Some other issues are to be resolved by RTI tool. Provides for 25 percent reservation for economically disadvantaged communities in admission to Class One in all private schools. then. Mandates improvement in quality of education. 2) Right to education act Main features of Right to Education 2009 act The salient features of the Right of Children for Free and Compulsory Education act are ± y y Free and compulsory education to all children of India in the six to 14 age group. School teachers will need adequate professional degree within five years or else will lose job. in such manner. arrear of 6th pay commission submitted Submitted by shital nigam I am a medical officer in state govt. Proof of age for admission: For the purposes of admission to elementary education. No child shall be held back. he or she shall be admitted in a class appropriate to his or her age. as may be prescribed. I filed a RTI application then the the authorities started paying my salary. Will apply to all of India except Jammu and Kashmir. else y y y y y y y y y . My salary was not been fixed & paid even working.Payment of salary started. and within such timelimits. Calls for a fixed student-teacher ratio. then.
sex. (2). 5) Right to religion The right to freedom of religion allows Indian citizens to choose any religion that he / she wants to choose. restriction or condition with regard to access to shops. bathing ghats.recognition cancelled. race. place of birth or any of them. This fundamental right is described in the constitution as: All citizens shall have the right- y y y y y y To freedom of speech and expression. or the use of wells. To move freely throughout the territory of India. to practise any profession. (1). or to carry on any occupation. To assemble peaceably and without arms. on grounds only of religion. 4) Right to freedom The right to freedom is one of the most important fundamental right that have been granted to us by the founders of Indian Constitution. This fundamental right was chossen after lot of thought regarding the process of person chossing his / her own religion. Nothing shall prevent the State from making any special provision for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes. trade or business. caste. roads and places of public resort maintained wholly or partly out of State funds or dedicated to the use of the general public. Subject to public order. liability. morality and health and to the other provisions of this Part. hotels and places of public entertainment. tanks. y Financial burden will be shared between state and central government 3) Right to equality The State shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion. be subject to any disability. sex. place of birth or any of them. Nothing in this article shall affect the operation of any existing law or prevent the State from making any law: (a) Regulating or restricting any economic financial political or other secular activity which may be associated with religious practice. all persons are equally entitled to freedom of conscience and the right freely to profess. No citizen shall. race. This fundamental right is described in the constitution as: The right to freedom of religion is a fundamental right guaranteed under Article 25 of the Constitution of India. practise and propagate religion. This right allow every citizen of India to be free from the ancient form of slavery. Article 25. To form associations or unions. caste. Article 25 reads as follows:Article 25. public restaurants. Nothing shall prevent the State from making any special provision for women and children. To reside and settle in any part of the territory of India. .
script or culture of its own shall have the right to conserve the same. Prohibition of employment of children in factories. caste. 7) Cultural and educational Rights The Cultural and Educational Rights is one of the six fundamental right that have been granted to us in the Indian Constitution. practise and propagate religion.No child below the age of fourteen years shall be employed to work in any factory or mine or engaged in any other hazardous employment. . race. (3) Regulation of non-religious activity associated with religious practise. namely:(1) Public order. whether based on religion or language. race. language or any of them. This right allow every citizen of India to have a cultural and education upto where that person wants. (5) Throwing open of Hindu religious institutions of a public character to all classes of Hindus. (2) Other provisions of the Constitution. subject to the restrictions that may be imposed by the State on the following grounds. (4) Social welfare and reform. caste or class or any of them. shall have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.. 6) THE RIGHT AGAINST EXPLOITATION The right against exploitation allows Indian citizens to stand up against any kind of exploitation that he/ she might be going through. Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour. and in imposing such service the State shall not make any discrimination on grounds only of religion. (2) Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from imposing compulsory service for public purposes. etc. This fundamental right is described in the constitution as: Any section of the citizens residing in the territory of India or any part there of having a distinct language.(1) Traffic in human beings and begar and other similar forms of forced labour are prohibited and any contravention of this provision shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law. No citizen shall be denied admission into any educational institution maintained by the State or receiving aid out of State funds on grounds only of religion. All minorities. Article 24. morality and health. This Article guarantees that every person in India shall have the freedom of conscience and shall have the right to profess.b) Providing for social welfare and reform or the throwing open of Hindu religious institutions of a public character to all classes and sections of Hindus. This fundamental right is described in the constitution as: Article 23.
Article 32 provides a guaranteed remedy. discriminate against any educational institution on the ground that it is under the management of a minority. the State shall ensure that the amount fixed by or determined under such law for the acquisition of such property is such as would not restrict or abrogate the right guaranteed under that clause. except under the provisions of Article 359 when a state of emergency is declared. which was passed unanimously by the Assam Assembly yesterday. The Right to Constitutional Remedies empowers citizens to approach the Supreme Court of India to seek enforcement. . 2010. The Supreme Court has the jurisdiction to enforce the Fundamental Rights even against private bodies. 8) THE RIGHT TO CONSTITUTIONAL REMEDIES The right to constitutional remedies allows Indian citizens to stand up up for their rights against anybody even the government of India. to provide free health care services to a patient seeking emergency treatment. prohibition. Exercise of jurisdiction by the Supreme Court can also be suo motu or on the basis of a public interest litigation. This right cannot be suspended. referred to in clause (1).[ The Supreme Court has been empowered to issue writs. while the High Courts have been empowered under Article 226 which is not a Fundamental Right in itself to issue these prerogative writs even in cases not involving the violation of Fundamental Rights. namely habeas corpus. for the enforcement of the Fundamental Rights. certiorari and quo warranto. award compensation as well to the affected individual. The State shall not.In making any law providing for the compulsory acquisition of any property of any educational institution established and administered by a minority.mandamus. made it mandatory for all government and private hospitals and health centres. for enforcement of all the other Fundamental Rights. in the form of a Fundamental Right itself. including nursing homes. or protection against infringement. The Assam Public Health Bill. and in case of any violation. whether based on religion or language. and the Supreme Court is designated as the protector of these rights by the Constitution. 9 ) Right to Health (Assam) Assam has become the first state in the country to enact a legislation seeking to ensure right to health for everyone in the state. in granting aid to educational institutions. of their Fundamental Rights.
It will strive to ensure that good treatment be made available to the vastly neglected groups such as those affected by HIV/AIDS. Collaborations between the Center and the State . Name of doctor involved in treatment. such as responding to public health emergencies. health minister Himanta Biswa Sarma said the Centre had assured the government of providing required corpus funds for emergency treatment with private sector healthcare establishments having to bear only 10% of the total fund.5lakh per child. on a 24 x 7 basis.The new bill also seeks to make it mandatory for the hospitals to address patient complaints.Every patient has the right to know name of doctor / nurse involved in his treatment. During discussion of the bill. The minister announced that children with holes in hearts would be flown to and from Bangalore for surgery at the Narayan Hrudayalaya Hospital with the government bearing the entire expenditure of Rs 2. along with other issues associated with health rights Good treatment . treatment and control of epidemic and endemic diseases.The hospitals would have to maintain appropriate protocol of treatment for an emergency patient for the first 24 hours as per provisions of the legislation. No individual should be denied emergency treatment because of his inability to pay fees or due to the requirement for police clearance Patient Complaints . y y y y y y .The bill demands a broad legal framework (that involves cooperation/ collaborations between the Center and the State) for providing essential public health services and to monitor its functions.The recently drafted health bill 2009 seeks to legalize the 'right to healthcare'. The Act will come into force from January next as framing rules for recovery of the expenditure would take some time. Emergency Care .Each patient has the right to avail of a summary of their condition and also to seek a second opinion. Sarma said. Summary & Second Opinion .According to the National Health Bill 2009 µPatient's Right¶ includes emergency care. National health bill Important Features of the National Health Bill y Right to Healthcare . The legislation also sought to guarantee people's right to appropriate and efficacious medicines and right to effective measures for prevention.
000 crore (US$8. The Bihar government has established a call centerfor MGNREGA. It was open to adult members of every rural household who would volunteer to do casual manual work. We consider that everyone has a fundamental right to be free from hunger and undernutrition. We consider that the primary responsibility for guaranteeing these entitlements rests with the state. Around one-third of the stipulated work force is women.68 billion) in FY 2010-11.17) per day. The original act was based on the principles of universality and self-selection. land reform and social security.[ One way to enforce the crucial public investment is to legislate the right to work. 11)Right to food Foundation statement: The right to food campaign is an informal network of organisations and individuals committed to the realisation of the right to food in India. whether or not they are below the poverty line.  This act was introduced with an aim of improving the purchasing power of the rural people. The scheme provides a legal guarantee for one hundred days of employment in every financial year to adult members of any rural household willing to do public work-related unskilled manual work at the statutory minimum wage of 100 (US$2. Under the act there should be no gender discrimination in the ³provision of employment or the payment of wages´. Every applicant should be offered employment within 15 days of registration.y Cost of Treatment. transferring elsewhere without valid reasons and for denying medical records Rights of healthcare providers . which has been operational since October 2009. primarily semi or un-skilled work to people living in rural India. If this were not the case an unemployment allowance would be paid. The Central government outlay for scheme is 40. The law was initially called the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) but was renamed on 2 October 2009. enacted by legislation on August 25. Lack of financial resources . to begin with on asset-creating work programs every year at minimum wages. Realising this right requires not only equitable and sustainable food systems.A patient may protest against overbilling. which allowed all households to apply and an extension of the Act to the whole of rural India within a five-year period. The NREGA promises to provide legal guarantee for at least one hundred days of employment.The rights of healthcare providers is also likely to get legal recognition y 10) Right to employment/ work The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MNREGA) is an Indian job guarantee scheme. The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) is one attempt in this direction. but also entitlements relating to livelihood security such as the right to work. 2005.
We are committed to fostering this process through all democratic means. state intervention itself depends on effective popular organisation. where people's basic needs are not a political priority. Briefly. it soon became clear that the legal process would not go very far on its own. Rajasthan. Writ Petition [Civil] 196 of 2001). However. public interest litigation (PUCL vs Union of India and Others. . and significant "interim orders" have been issued from time to time. How it happened: The campaign began with a writ petition submitted to the Supreme Court in April 2001 by People's Union for Civil Liberties. In the present context. This motivated the effort to build a larger public campaign for the right to food. Supreme Court hearings have been held at regular intervals. the petition demands that the country's gigantic food stocks should be used without delay to protect people from hunger and starvation. This petition led to a prolonged.cannot be accepted as an excuse for abdicating this responsibility.