Rediscovery of dharavi-Kalpana sharma
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Working papers of ISID A study on the informal sector industry in dharavi The Hindu business line
Down to the Earth-Nov 07 Edition
BMC G-NORTH Office
Dharavi spread over 175 hectares and swarming with one million people, Dharavi is often called ‘Asia largest slum’. But Dharavi is much more than cold statistics. What makes it special extraordinary people who live there, many of whom have defined fate and an unhelpful state to prosper through a mix of backbreaking work, some luck and a great deal of ingenuity. If you thought that slums narrate a grimy tale depicting abject poverty, you will be pleasantly surprised when you get to Asia's largest slum — Dharavi. It is the Mecca of livelihood for the vast population it holds, contradicting the fact that slums are all about penury and dearth. This maze of kaccha and pucca huts houses a strong network of businesses ranging from garment manufacturing, recycling, clay pottery to tannery et al. The estimated turnover of industries in Dharavi is a whopping $700 million-$1 billion. The business laws of this land are not applicable in Dharavi. How can they be applicable to a place that for all legal reasons does not exist. Dharavi is beyond our traditional India baboon of red tape, licenses, duties, municipal permissions, paperwork and taxes. Dharavi is therefore in a sense a "Free Economic Zone". The Economist in an article suggested that "Dharavi, one of Asia's largest slums, covering 220 hectares (530 acres) near the airport, has some 100,000 people producing goods worth over $500 million a year." Other figures suggest a figure twice that amount. The real figure is anybody's guess but this just confirms one thing Dharavi is less a slum and more an unorganised unregulated industrial estate, a showcase of Indian entrepreneurship. There are more than 85 Export Oriented Units (including WHO approved surgical sutures). Ownership: 69% owned by BMC, 10% by state and central governments and balance 21% is private land
Unusually 85% of its inhabitants are employed in dharavi itself. Interestingly, some of the employees are from outside the area of Dharavi. Far from being an economic refugee camp, as it is so often portrayed, Dharavi is a vibrant, energetic business and manufacturing district for many of its residents.
. To its west are Mahim and Bandra. The streets are lined with hawkers selling everything from safety pins to fruit and even suitcases behind them are a mad array of shops. This is enterprises personified an island of free enterprises not assisted or restricted by the state or any laws. order an World Health Organisation (WHO) certified sutures. western and central railway. acquire a export quality leather bag see the latest trend in ready made garment. A new estimate by economists of the output of the slum is as impressive as it seems improbable: £700m a year. buy the best chiki. Mahim. But much more can be found tucked away in some inner lane that can only be located if you are guided by the dharavi resident. and to its east and south are Sion and matunga. it is a story that illustrate is the term slums to describe a place that produces everything from suitcases to leather goods.a thriving business centre propelled by thousands of microentrepreneurs who have created an invaluable industry -. to its north lies the Mithi River which empties out into the Arabian Sea through the Mahim creek. The atmosphere in dharavi. even on a holiday. Goods are easy to locate as they are sold in shops on the main streets that cries cross dharavi. Dharavi is an unofficially endorsed enclave of crass illegality that continues to flourish under the tightly shut eyes of the law. is like being a treadmill. Indian sweets. If you want to eat the best Gulab jamuns in town. Every square inch of dharavi is being used for some productivity activity. it is a story of survival without subsidies or welfare. but it is by far its most prosperous -.Location
This heart shaped of settlement .
ENTERPRISES AND INGENUITY
Dharavi may be one of the world's largest slums. Dharavi is literally a sandwiched between the two sets of tracks. matunga and Sion stations mark its three corners. get a new suitcase or to see traditional Indian jewellery. There is no better place then dharavi. These are the virtual lines of Mumbai transporting thousand of people from one end of the metropolis to the other.which today has the dubious reputation of being ‘Asia largest slum’. papad and gold jewellery. It is story of ingenuity and enterprises.turning around the discarded waste of Mumbai's 19 million citizens. is located between Mumbai’s two main suburban railway lines.
036. Sunday. But Dharavi represents Mumbai's real cosmopolitanism. . it is not because the city helped them to realize their dreams. But in early days. pottery 932. plastic processing 478 and Jari stitching 498. there were parts of settlements that are covered with wool fluff from hides after they were cleaned . The common points of all this enterprise island including some of the bigger ones is that they have come up despite the government and not because of it. including tanneries. some famous industries are located here. breeding criminal activities.at one end a former employee of an multinational company has a set up a soap factory producing detergent bars that are strikingly similar to the brand produced by his former employers way leather was treated in dharavi.Estimated daily turnover of dharavi can only be wild guesses as a few people will actually acknowledge how much they earn for fear that some official will descend on them much of production here is illegal but there is little doubt that it run into billions of rupees. No wonder people think of dharavi as a gold mine without considering property prices. to strike it rich. rather this was despite the way the city has treated them. Aug 08. potteries.902 industrial units in Dharavi of which textiles form 1.even today there are lanes in dharavi that are carpeted with a wool from a sheep and a goat skin drying in a sun . Popular stereotyping has reinforced the image of Dharavi as a place of dirt and filth. a place where people from different regions of India have forged new identities and lives through sheer grit and determination. there are 4. According to estimates the total turnover of dharavi legal as well as illegal was 210000 crores. If the people of Dharavi have shown initiative and enterprise. garment makers and even chemical plants. leatherworkers. the hides were treated further.
. rankled hard. They were soaked in lime pits or in drums for 4 days this would conditioned leather to absorb the chemicals that would be applied later . According to official sources.After this the hides were shaved manually at that time now by machine to removed the wool and remaining flesh and fat
Essence of the Entrepreneurial spirit in Dharavi
The people of Dharavi have laboured hard. These units are spread out all over dharavi with big concentration of transit camp. leather 567.
unregulated industrial estate. due to lack of a safety net 85%+ residents of Dharavi. It can become a global manufacturing hub. eateries. It is a hub of entrepreneurs trying to manage a day of survival. jewellery. papads. Rest are involved in papad making for other private labels. called by many as the "Little Japan". garments.000 in India). where the people are engaged in businesses of plastics. chana dal. Some tanneries 25 bakeries 250 potters in Kumbharwada Kite making
In little japan ie. leather. work in Dharavi itself. 25-30 big and 5000 small job work leather goods manufacturing units 150 leather shops Suitcases Only 50 Lijjat members are in Dharavi (out of 8000 in Mumbai and of 40.Dharavi is an unorganised. and about 100 doing embroidery and zardozi work. among others.
Legal industries in little japan
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 500 small scale Garments units. Printing presses – about 100 Foundries (brass buckles) Gold refinery and retail outlets Indian sweets making units (biggest in India) 111 restaurants 85 Export Oriented Units (including WHO approved surgical sutures) 3 to 4 Soap and detergent factories 152 Food units – chikki (27). Dharavi most of the business done is illegal the above numbers
. If government gives attention to it.
Facts of little japan
Dharavi is first an industrial estate and then a residential slum! Dharavi is enterprise personified – it forces people to survive. khari biscuit etc.
000 and 15. beauty parlours and clothing boutiques.000 rupees a month (£40-£200).. 85% of the people living in dharavi are employed in dharavi itself. Certain corners of Dharavi have even gone upmarket with bars. People live there because they earn there livelihood from there.just shows the licensed while the unlicensed are not included
Earnings of people living in dharavi
The average household in Dharavi now earns between 3.
. Last week a major bank opened the slum's first ATM. well above agricultural wage levels.
000goats are killed in each week in deonar. small manufacturing. nagar . These skins sell at Rs 500 each
"Each week the tanneries in dharavi get hides from the slaughter house in Deonar and A. These products are mostly export rejects or surplus products. Leather industry was one of the biggest industry in dharavi before 1990. Spray painting of leather bags and belts still take on a large scale in dharavi. belts and a variety of leather products."
. finishing units) According to government’s official figures 40.K. produced by the leather manufacturers of Dharavi.all these hides are brought to dharavi for the first stage of processing . wallets. they are not going say the Oberoi Arcade but Dharavi.G. The margin is very small apart from goats the abattoir also slaughters 500 buffaloes and cows a week. bags.each skin is bought for Rs 100 and resold. where do you get the cheapest and best quality leather products. Then they send them to Chennai where they are processed to become leather. There are around 1000 leather units (it includes tanneries.Leather industry
India’s 17% of leather export comes from dharavi
If you want to buy a branded leather jacket or purse that also at a cheap price then there is no better place then dharavi. If you ask any knowledgeable shopper in Mumbai. The processed leather is then sent back to Dharavi for finishing. Some small old tanneries continue to operate despite the official ban leather tanneries are mostly found in chamda bazaar and parsichawl. after salting for a slightly higher sum. In their confines you can buy jackets. Officially all the tanneries in dharavi have been relocated to deonar. These animals are brought to Mumbai from gujrat and Madhya Pradesh .They first salt it then and treat them to remove all the blood and make them smooth.
non-wage benefits such as paid leave. though women worked in some enterprises as family labour or even hired workers.
The turnover in the raw leather business in Dharavi is around Rs 60 crores. Workroom and work in bad lights poor ventilation and in stifling heat to produce the most beautifully finished and crafted leather goods.The days of leather tanning are more or less over in Dharavi. 2.
. As you come to the end of 90 feet road and turn into Sion Mahim link road you see gleaming leather showrooms with names like jazz. But the leather processed in dharavi is not of high quality to be used in finished goods. medical and retirement benefits. Workers are employed both on time rates as well as in piece rates. About 85 per cent of the workers are employed in enterprises with 10 workers or less.
Some features of employment in Dharavi’s leather accessories.
About 70 per cent of the workers in dharavi are migrants from other states of India and about 18 per cent came from different districts of Maharashtra. often owners also doubled as workers. finished leather goods have taken over as the main leather based business. This is a famous leather street that has made dharavi a name even in rich Mumbai now. Manufacturer
Dharavi’s leather accessories manufacture is dominated by small enterprises. Time-rated employment dominated accounting for 71 per cent of all hired employment. leather crafts. Employment in the leather accessories manufacture in Dharavi is highly informal in nature. The average wage monthly earnings of workers was Rs.127). over Rs 50 crore in sheep and goat hides and the rest in buffalo and cow hides. thus self employed owner-workers accounted for about 31 per cent of the workforce. There is no semblance of job security. The industry is dominated by young male workers (average age of workforce was 27 years). In these small enterprises. For then processed leather is trucked in from Chennai.
The first Kumbharwada was at Naigaon. divas are being made at Kumbharwada. Kumbharwada represents 6 generation from Saurashtra who have lived & worked in Mumbai. Others came from Uttar Pradesh. Firstly the pots are made on the wheel then they are dried for approximately 24-36 hours. in western India.
Most of the pots made in dharavi are sold in the city while some good quality of pots are also being exported.5 acres of prime property in Dharavi. After that they are ready to use.000. It is located at the point where 90ft road meets 60ft road over 1000 potters work in this area including women with an average of 25 women in one block out of seven blocks only in 250 huts are for pots making & polishing in respective potters house.
. Then they are polished. TamilNadu. Still the traditional method is being used for making pots. It also serves kitchen & a bedroom. today there are about 2. West Bengal.Workers born in Bihar accounted for about 59 per cent of the total workforce. Kumbharwada occupies 12. They are migrants whose forefathers left their hometowns in Gujarat. during the 1930s.
The clay required for the making of the is being brought from mumbra . In 1932 there were 319 Kumbhar families. in search of better earnings and livelihoods in Mumbai city. Karnataka. Then they are baked in the bhatti. vases.A variety of pots. Andhra Pradesh and Manipur
The high quality leather is exported while the other surplus and rejected is sold in all-over India
Number of units
25-30 big and small job work leather goods manufacturing units 150 leather shops some tanneries
Kumbharwada area is mostly famous for making variety of pots.
for example. Thousands of potters like Gopinath are bracing for a grim future. Gopinath says pottery is no longer a lucrative business as market demands for pots is fast diminishing. Potters average around $2.
. for festivals like Diwali. Basically.500 a year in earnings. At stake are not only the age-old traditional of pottery making but the very existence of the Kumbhar (potter). The smaller living area would be too small to accommodate his extended family and his pottery business.
90% of the workers in the field of making pots are gujratis while the other 10% is mix of Muslims and Mahrashtrians
Case study (potter)
Pottery was once a thriving industry. The government seems determined to go ahead with the DRP. The demand for pottery today is seasonal only. Gopinath is opposed to the controversial DRP. which is considered an age-old traditional art in India. but not anymore. unmarried brothers and sisters. Gopinath said that most of the members of his community are opting out of pottery for other trades as it has become extremely difficult for them to survive on their meagre earning of about $250 per month. In the past people stored drinking water in pots. Gopinath does not want his children to follow in his footsteps but to look for better opportunities after completing their educations. but refrigerator water bottles have replaced pots. As this is the only trade Gopinath has inherited from his father. Pottery making. when clay lamps are used to light houses. according to Gopinath ( a person with whom we talked) a potter in his mid-forties who lives with his wife. he has no option but to carry on pottery despite the low return. which helped to cool it. children. and aging parents in a dirty and congested shanty about 400 square feet in area. pots are made out of mud and clay and rolled and shaped by hand with the help of rotating wheels.The total turnover of this potters is approximately 150-200 crores.
Most of the jewellery made is sold in the domestic market only. Once the goal melts it is mad into nuggets & weighed. Jewellery made in dharavi is mostly traditional tamilians jewellery
Mostly the workers in making of jewellery are Tamils while the jewellery shops are being owned by gujratis. It is sold according to it’s weight to the jewellers.
Gold is kept in small earthenware pots which are then placed in a small opening above the fire.Gold Refining
Sakinabai is one of Dharavi’s oldest chawls located off Dharavi main road. It is the home of gold refining. One plastic basin has Aretha water in which ornament is soaked The Excess dirt is then removed carefully with a brush. The gold that is thus smelted from old ornaments. It’s narrow lanes are literally lined with gold-refined. sold to pay off debts or to buy new jewellery
The polishing of gold jewellery is done manually. The jewellery made in dharavi is famous for traditional Tamil jewellery
Process Refining. jewellery making & polishing.
Ever wondered the lijjat papad you eat where does it come from. it comes from Dharavi. who makes sutures lives. where Abdul Baqua. Mahila Griha Udyog Lijjat Papad. The chiki available at railway platforms and small atores is mostly being made in dharavi. motichoor ladoos. rosogullas. Imagine the over powering smell of ghee assaulting you as you make your own through one of the many garbage-encrusted roads in Dharavi.Food Industry
The next time you bite into a soft. It is a women’s organisation called Shri. Those women’s travel to Bandra everyday to collect the wet dough
. gulab jamun at a 5 star hotel in Mumbai. Dharavi’s chiki makers produces tonnes of peanut brittle chikiwhich is sold allover the city and outside. This is the place where gulab jamuns.000 registered members in Mumbai. In dharavi there are also many big companies which manufactures different types of snacks. kaju barfee & many more delicious Indian sweets are made. A bigger food businesses is that of manufacturing chikki. chakli & mysore pak. If you look behind the high gates next to Diamond Apartments. you will probably eating something manufactured in Dharavi. sweet. In addition to chikki & mithai you will see many women rolling out papads. You will see many women’s rolling out papad some of them is supplying them to Lijjat Papad. you will see a factory-like structure set within a large compound. Lijjat has 8. If you walk down dharavi cross road you will find shops either side laden with goodswhich have been manufactured and packed in the lanes just behind dharavi. Punjabi Ghasitaram Halwai is very famous in Dharavi.
Punjabis make ladoos & gulab jamuns. All the woman’s rolling out papad do not work for.
The food items made in dharavi is mostly sold locally. Thus. Bengali workers make chamchams & rosogullas. Mahila Griha Udyog Lijjat Papad has its largest branch of making papad in dharavi.
. 50 to Rs. Shri. papads. For their efforts those women earn an average of Rs. Mahila Griha Udyog Lijjat Papad many do this for private entrepreneurs and many for themselves. The Shri. maharashtrians make kaju katri & burfis & the UP bhaiyas make khoya milk based sweets as well as some of the savouries like samosas.S. 60 per day.A and europe
Number of units
152 Food units – chikki (27).
The most interesting aspects of the trade is that each set of workers come from different parts of India.from which papads are made within a couple of days they are back with the rolled out papads which have been dried in the sun. The Shri. khari biscuit etc. Mahila Griha Udyog Lijjat also export its papad to U. chana dal.
bags.000 people & turnover estimated Rs. According to NSDF Dharavi’s plastic recycling industry is the largest in India. reshaping and moulding discarded plastic. Recycling scrap area of Dharavi is concentrated in what is commonly known as 13th compound. The tip has since been
. Junk is a word that does not exist.80 – to Rs. 100 per day for 10-12 hours.1 85 crores everyday at least 25. Across the road is a Mithi river & the Mahim creek. either as an industrial area or as a residential one. Just when Dharavi’s development began in 1986.Recycling Industry
Ever wondered where the pen refills go after you have disposed them off? It might be of hardly any significance but there is an entire world out there earning their living off the recycling business. Dharavi's plastic recycling industry employs almost 10. All around young boys cart wheelbarrows filled with everyday plastic waste. located on the corner where 60ft road meets Mahim’s Sion link road. This provided a livelihood for thousands of local dalits. for whom “rag picking”—scavenging on society's leftovers for anything of salvageable value—is a traditional employment.000 people. In the so-called '13th compound' Dharavi's recycling miracle is in full show. Recycling is one of the slum's biggest industries. cotton. Around 2000 tonnes of plastic is recycled daily. the slum was next door to Bombay's biggest rubbish tip. Location is the key to this. Dharavi’s speciality is recycling plastic it employs over 10. The Recyclers are paid on daily wages of Rs. paper. Until two decades ago. soap and glass revolve through Dharavi each day. Recycling is a multi million dollar industry. papers. This is one area that could have been developed. scrap metal. wood. This is where 80 per cent of Mumbai's plastic waste is given a new life. Apart from plastic.000 sacks of plastic leave this area. and oil plastic cans are recycled at the plants in Dharavi. Thousands of tonnes of scrap plastic. melting. tins etc are also recycled. if the authorities had been alert. metals. Plastic goods including road waste.
Recycling of plastic bags
LIKE Hindu souls. they are discarded and gathered in. • Hazardous fumes are created during work which poses a health hazard
Recycling of oil drums
. • Very less manpower (around 2-3) workers required. So too.shifted outside the city. for want of space.000 tonnes of rubbish produced each day by a swelling Mumbai continues to sustain an estimated 30. Recycling of plastic bag is the biggest business. Yet the roughly 6. The profit margins are very less they earn around 1½ -2 Rs per kg of plastic bags
Firstly the plastic bags are collected then they are torn after that they wash and then the plastic bags are given to the recycling company which recycles them.000 ragpickers. Junk is a word that does not exist. "In a city that wastes nothing. Recycling is one of the slum's biggest industries. If it has a use it will be used to its maximum. have many of Dharavi's recycling units. melted down to their polypropylene essence.
Polythene recycling Industry
• Highly mechanized industry. The slum is also host to some 1000 plastic recycling units. In a spiralling continuum. disposable plastic cups are many times reborn in Dharavi. everything has a market as long as you are willing to pay something for it. • Not willing to shift from the ground floor because of heavy machinery. including many residents of Dharavi. ft. it takes place on a very large scale. and re-moulded in some new plastic form. • Area of approximately 300 sq.
. Many multinational companies also send their containers and drums for repairing and recycling in dharavi.
. There are around 500 small and big scale units in dharavi
Embroidery and Zardozi
Embroidery and zardozi work is also done on a large scale in dharavi there are around 100-150 embroidery and zardozi units in dharavi. and about 100 doing embroidery and Zardozi work. They get 80-100 bucks for 8-10 hours of work
80% of the garments are exported to US and Mexico while the other 20% is sold in the domestic market.
Your fetish for fine fabrics can be satiated if you take a walk along the readymade garment outlets that stand in a line here. This work is mostly done by women’s .
Number of units
Above 1000 recycling units are situated in dharavi. It's a hub for middlemen. manufacturers and exporters of garments.Sonala compound in dharavi is very famous for oil drums recycling and repairing. United States biggest retail chain Wal-Mart and Kmart are one of the biggest consumers of the garment industry of dharavi
Number of units
500 small scale Garments units. We export 80 per cent of our garments to the USA and 20 per cent to South America and Mexico. There are more than 10-20 units in dharavi which have an average turnover of around 10 crores. Sizeable number of manufacturers supplying to domestic markets operate here and some export high quality knitted and woven garments.
The total turnover of this Industry was around 100-120 crores in the year 2005-2006
There are around 5-6 soap and detergent manufacturing units in dharavi .Sutures
If you want to order WHO certified sutures that also at its chepest price then there is no better place then dharavi. Most of there sutures is sold in the domestic market only while some is exported also.
. Proximity to abattoir in Bandra enhanced the trade of making sutures. the multinational company that have factory in dharavi. The world’s topmost company Johnson and Johnson has its factory in dharavi. The packing of the soap is done mostly by women’s. the other person best known is abdul baqua who owns Ideal Trading company His factory has been certified by WHO and he is proud that despite the filth his company can maintain the highest standard of hygiene and manufacture sutures that are meant exclusively for export. Apart from Johnson and Johnson. It sells for about 4 rupees a bar which is less than half of what a branded soap costs. They started making soap (very similar to the HLL Soap) to protest the lockout. Interestingly there is one soap factory Dharavi which was started by former workers from the Hindustan Lever Ltd (HLL) soap factory in Sewri which closed down due to labour issues. All the units in dharavi manufacture coarse "kapda-dhonewalla" [detergent soap]. giving the soap an assured market among the poorer classes. Much of which is sold locally. The workers employed by this industry are mostly on daily wages. Other than this 2 company there are many smaller units which manufacture fine quality of sutures.much of which is sold locally around 5-7 tons of soap is annually produced in dharavi.
.) making the Chuna and.The industry can be seen in the horizon between the two pipes The salient features of this industry are as follows: • Nearly no machinery seen…only manpower.) Manufacturing the small plastic bottles for storing the Chuna. B. • Usually family oriented business…with family living in proximity near the railway line. There were two core pars of this industry. • Lots of water requirement.
The colour industry was carried out in the far end of 13 compound between the two huge BMC water pipelines near Mahim Railway Station. • Potentially lethal chemicals are used with 2-3 accidents occurring every year on an average • The colors are sent outside dharavi to Mumbai and other cities for consumption
The expected and unexpected both are manufactured in dharavi but is there any future.Number of units
3 to 4 Soap and detergent factories
Chuna making industry
The Chuna industry was mainly carried out in homes in 13 compound. Usually. Dharavi has a very good economy But the illegal
. A.. a whole family used to be involved in it.
Most of the workshops are constructed illegally on government land. whereas the remaining 40 million square feet will be put up for sale. If the DRP plan is approved than all the industry will be closed.500 industrial units will be rehabilitated in the designated commercial area. paperwork and taxes.
. The business laws of this land are not applicable in Dharavi. Around 57. Dharavi is therefore in a sense a "Free Economic Zone". licenses.) of which only 359 are licensed
Future The DRP plan
In June 2007. chemicals etc. such as the leather industry. power is routinely stolen and commercial licences are rarely sought. About 4. the government floated global tenders for the 90-billion-rupee Slum-free Dharavi Redevelopment Project (DRP). duties.activities cannot be ignored Barely 10 per cent of the commercial activity here is legal. The project envisages undertaking about 70 million square feet of construction. will be shifted elsewhere.
Illegal activities in dharavi
• • • • • Child labour There are 145 (Hazardous chemical drums) recycling units Foundries Adulteration and copying (cold drinks to toothpaste) 722 Scrap and Recycling (plastics.
. Polluting units. and only non-polluting and non-hazardous units would be allowed to stay. municipal permissions.000 new houses with an area of 225 square feet will be built for the residents of Dharavi. . How can they be applicable to a place that for all legal reasons does not exist? Dharavi is beyond our traditional India baboon of red tape. Some 30 million square feet of that will be for residential space and amenities.
Name-Deepak Jain Roll no-41 Subject
. At one side of the slum. tanneries and other industry among the warren of narrow lanes. Environmental groups say such industries at Dharavi provide an object lesson in recycling. who have created a vibrant self-sufficient economy of potteries.
Dharavi is a flourishing but illegal economy.Condemtion by the public for there livelihood
The project has been fiercely condemned by the slum-dwellers. But city planners say the tanneries and workshops pollute Mumbai's already filthy waterways and the project includes environmentally friendly workshops. women stuff mattresses and vans ferry goods to market while potters work on open roofs creating clay figures for sale.
Environmental management Project Human activity in dharavi
1) Introduction 2) Enterprises and ingenuity 3) Leather industry
LAND TITLE Bombay Municipal Land Government Land Private land Grand Total AREA IN HECTARES 106 26 43 175 AREAS IN ACRES 262 64 106 432
. NO. 2. 3. 1.4) Pottery 5) Gold Refining 6) Food Industry 7) Recycling Industry 8) Garment Industry 9) Sutures and Soap Industry 10) Other industries 11) Future
LAND TITLE HOLDINGS
06.34% 4. 3. 1. NO.56% 4. 2.550 24. 3.94. 8.61% 0.30.045 5.155 24. of Families No.36% 5.435 175 1. 9. TITLE Permanent Job Temporary Job Self-Employment PERCENTAGE 50% 15% 35%
SR.915 1.6% 33.21% 100%
The above table reads the major occupation and the no of units Occupatio Major area No of Estimati n units on Legally
Leather Parsichawl and chamda bazaar
150 Above 200
SR NO 1.76. 2.76% 5. 6.880 30. TITLE No.36% 9. 3. NO. 2.225
SR.565 28. 4.518 1. TITLE Tamil Nadu Maharashtra Karnataka Andhra Pradesh Uttar Pradesh Kerala Gujarat Bihar Rajasthan Total TOTAL NUMBER 1.225 PERCENTAGE 36. 1. of persons UNITS 80.30.04% 0. of Huts No. 7. 10.225 5.145 49. 5.
Potter Garments Soap Sutures Gold Refining and jewellery Food
Kumbharwada Social nagar and dharavi main road 13TH compound 13TH compound Mukund nagar
250 500 3-4 -
Above 1000 Above 1000 3-4 25-30
Diamond apartment and Dharavi main road A. Sonala compound Dharavi
Other Information as per NSDF survey 1985
Average density per acre Permitted density per acre 350 huts (800 to 1000 per hectare) 266 huts (500 per hectare)
.Nagar 13TH compound.K.G.
000 4 existing (3 proposed) 1 existing (1 proposed) 4 existing (1 proposed) 1 proposed 1 existing 1 existing 1 existing 2 existing 2 existing 1 proposed 1 proposed 1 proposed 1 proposed 1 proposed
AS per NSDF Survey 1985
No.Population density per acre Daily turnover in dharavi Municipal primary schools Secondary schools Play ground Municipal market Municipal health centre Police station Fire Bridge Cemetery Post office Park Pump house Vocational training school and polytechnic Service industrial zone industrial zone
1225 (4000 to 5000 per hectare) Rs. No. 70. of units
6. 7. 5.
Leather Video Printing Press Hotel Bakery Scrap Garment Export Small Scale Industries Big Industries
43 114 50 111 25 177 85 244 43
. 4.2. 8. 9. 3. 10.