# Machine Design II Unit 4 1) Explain the methods of estimation of dynamic load on spur gear.

2) A spur gear with 200 full depth involute teeth consists of 21 teeth pinion meshing with 40 teeth gear. Pinion and gear are made of steel with 600 N/mm2 and 400 N/mm2, ultimate tensile strength respectively. The pinion shaft is connected to 5 kW at 720 rpm electric motor. The starting torque of motor is approx. 1.25 the rated torque and factor of safety is 2. Assume load concentration factor as 1.6. Calculate: 1) Module based on velocity factor C v = pinion 0.326 and form factor for gear 0.389. 2) Select the standard module and calculate gear dimensions 3) Specify the surface hardness of gear Use following data: •
 BHN  2 Load stress factor – K = 0.16   N/mm  100 
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6 . Assume form factor for 6 +V

• Standard module in mm – 1, 1.25, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10 • Assume pitch line velocity V = 5 m/s for module calculation. 3) State and explain different types of gear tooth failures. 4) A pair of spur gear with 200 full depth involute teeth consists of 21 teeth pinion meshing with 60 teeth internal gear. The pinion shaft is coupled to a 7.35 kW electric motor running at 1440 rpm. The application factor is 1.5. The pinion as well as gear are made of alloy steel (Sut = 1500 N/mm2). The module and the face width of gears are 3 mm and 35 mm respectively. The gears are machined to meet the specification of grade 8 and heat treated to a surface hardness 400 BHN. The deformation factor is 11500. e, N/mm. assuming dynamic load accounted by Buckingham’s equation calculate 1) Factor of safety against bending failure. 2) Factor of safety against pitting failure. Use following data: • • • • 5) 6) 7) 8)
2.87 z 2  BHN  Load stress factor – K = 0.16  N/mm2  100   m For grade 8, e =16 +1.25 m + 0.25 d µ 21V (bc + Pt max ) Buckingham’s equation Pd = 21V + bc + Pt max

Lewis form factor - γ = 0.484 −

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Where Ptmax = ka km Pt State and explain, factors to be considered while selecting the type of gear drive for given application. What is the effect of helix angle on the performance of helical gear? What is pitting in gear? State causes and remedies. A pair of spur gear with 200 pressure angle consist of 25 teeth pinion meshing with 60 teeth gear. The module is 5 mm while the face width is 45 mm. the pinion rotates at 500 rpm. The gear pair is made of steel (Sut = 600 N/mm2) and heat treated to a surface hardness of 220 BHN. Assume dynamic load