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ACTION PLAN : 2004-05


PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422




PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 2


1. Name of the Project RASTRIYA SAM VIKAS YOJNA (RSVY)

2. Sponsor Planning Commission, Government of India.
3. Objectives To address the problems of low agricultural productivity,
unemployment, and to fill critical gaps in physical and
social infrastructure.
4. Project area Entire BILASPUR District in Chhattisgarh
5. Project Duration Three years i.e. 2004-05, 2005-06, 2006-07
6. Identified critical • Poor road connectivity and badly damaged physical
gaps infrastructure.
• Geographic limitations for land, water and forest
• Need for irrigation, agriculture, MFP value addition,
veterinary and wasteland development.
• Socio-economic limitations of primitive tribes and
other backward communities.
• Poor health-education and veterinary infrastructure
and opportunities.
• Need for training and capacity building of
vulnerable groups e.g. women and children,
scheduled tribes and scheduled castes.
7. Funds available • Rs. 45 Crores (15 Crores / year for 3 years).
under RSVY • Additional funds can also be available in deserving
8. Action plan 2004-05 • Infrastructure Rs. 396.00 lacs = 25.75%.
(in Lacs) • Livelihoods promotion, capacity building and
training Rs. 951.88 lacs = 61.89%
• Maintenance Rs. 185.00 lacs= 12.03%
• Benchmarks and monitoring Rs. 5.00lacs = 0.33%.
• Total: 1537.88 lacs.

9. Physical targets • Infrastructure.

planned • Livelihoods promotion, capacity building and
• Maintenance.
• Benchmarks and monitoring.
10. Implementing PRINCIPAL AGENCY:
agency • CEO, Zila Panchayat, Bilaspur.
• Panchayatiraj Institutions.
• Forest
• Veterinary & Fishery
• Agriculture & Horticulture
• Rural Engineering Services.
• NGOs

PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 3


Bilaspur district is situated between 21o37 ' and 23o7 ' N latitude and 81o12 ' and
83o40 '
E longitude within the Chhattisgarh state. The district has historical and
archeological value due to Ratanpur, Mallhar, Talagram and Kabir Chabootara. The
district is selected under the Backward Districts Initiative scheme of the Planning
Commission of India under the Rastriya Sam Vikas Yojana. The main objective of
programmes and policies are to remove barriers to growth, accelerate the development
process and improve the quality of the life of the people. The scheme thus aims at
focused development in backward areas, in particular and whole of the district in
general, to reduce imbalances and accelerate the development process.
The project is prepared based on the natural advantages, resources and existing
institutional support. It would make major dent on the poverty in the district in a 3 year
time span. The most important aspect of the project is to ensure people’s participation
and the involvement of the PRI’s, NGO’s & Self Help Groups at every stages including
plan formulation, implementation, monitoring & evaluation.
The project have been formulated to address following main critical gaps
that are learnt on the basis of participatory research.
• Poor road connectivity and badly damaged physical infrastructure.
• Low agricultural productivity due to insufficient irrigation facilities.
• Socio-economic limitations of primitive tribes and other backward communities.
• Poor health-education and veterinary infrastructure and opportunities.
• Need for training and capacity building of vulnerable groups e.g. women,
scheduled tribes and scheduled castes and other backward classes.
Rural people have vastly inferior access to basic social services and the
economic mainstream. In this context, the delivery of rural transport infrastructure would
be a significant catalyst for sustainable economic development, and poverty alleviation.
The thrust areas to improve livelihood conditions are:-
• Infrastructure on agriculture, irrigation, veterinary, fisheries etc
• Value addition in NTFP , Farm and Non-Farm activities
• Capacity Building and Training

PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 4

• Benchmark survey of existing situation and regular monitoring of project

Project components & financial requirement:
To go on the path of planned strategy 5 key components are incorporated with
their respective financial outlay as per the following.
A. Infrastructure Rs. 1269.00 Lacs 27.77%
B. Livelihoods promotion,
capacity building & training Rs. 2739.18 Lacs 69.93%
C. Maintenance Rs. 547.00 Lacs 11.97 %
D. Benchmarks and monitoring,
And website Rs. 15.00 Lacs 0.33%
Total: Rs. 4570.18 Lacs
Target population and Benefits:
The target groups comprise all house holds in the villages and preference is
given to villages with tribal, primitive tribal groups and scheduled caste population
where the majority of the households live below the poverty line. The objective of the
programme is to develop and implement replicable model that ensures house hold food
security, improves livelihood opportunities and overall quality of life of the population
based on the sustainable and equitable use of natural resources. To achieve this, the
programme would –
a. Empower grass root user groups, including women and other marginal
b. Promote activities which generate sustainable increases in agricultural
production and productivity of land.
c. Generate sources of income out side of agriculture, particularly for the
landless, by utilising the natural resources like, water and forests.
The basic approach is to promote processes of awareness generation, legal
literacy, social analysis and mobilization for self selecting group formation among
disadvantaged women and marginalized groups.
The programme would benefit an estimated 1,57,561 households located in 1564
villages. Almost 1,57,561 families are expected to benefit from programme
interventions. With an estimated average household size of 5, there would be almost
7,87,805 beneficiaries. Over a 3 year period, the Economic Rate of Return is estimated
to be reasonable for the programme aggregated over the district. While this ERR would
not be high, but would generate reasonably good returns for a situation where grass
root institution development and capacity building is a primary focus.

PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 5

The programme has a number of risks. Failure to promote community

participation through creation of local leadership would cause the programme to
degenerate. Secondly, the NGOs in the region, specially those in C.G., are relatively
inexperienced and not in abundance. Lastely, the programme involves changing
relationships within the development process and overcoming dependency attitudes of
communities. As mentioned, most of the people have become overly dependent on
government subsidies while the proposed programme expects beneficiaries
contributions in practically all the activities envisaged. This could be a risk for

It is difficult to do Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA) of the whole project because (i)
benefits of capacity building activities, training, defy quantification, and (ii) benefits from
basic rural infrastructure development, investments in natural resource management,
education and health cannot be easily quantified in monetary terms. However, the
income-generating activities, market linkages, involvement of SHGs in marketing would
result minimum of 15 percent internal rate of return on average. Benchmark survey
would provide a base line data for the impact assessment of the project and analysis of
it would generate some suggestive measures, tools to be added during the project


PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 6



Bilaspur city is situated in the eastern part of the newly formed
Chhattisgarh state within the Indian union. It is
about 400 years old and named after a Fisher-
Man Woman "Bilasa". At present the city is
extended in 29.85 sq. km. having population
around 2,74,048. Bilaspur city is on the bank of
river Arpa, situated between 81' 14" to 83' 15"
longitude and 21' 47" to 23' 8" latitude. The
average rain fall is 1300 mm. and the maximum temperature goes up to 45.40 C.


Bilaspur district is situated between 21o37 ' and 23o7 ' N latitude and 81o12 ' and
83o40 '
E longitude. North-West boundary is shared by the Madhya Pradesh while
district Koria marks its North-East boundary. The district Kabirdham is in the West while
Durg and Raipur district makes its South boundary. The East boundary is marked by
the district Janjgir-champa and Koraba. The total area of the district is 8,56,885
hectares, out of which, 4,01,450 (46.85%) hectares is forest land. The area under
cultivation in the district is 43% of the total area i.e. 3,73,426 hectares.

Parts of Kota, Lormi, Mungeli, Masturi, Bilha and Takhatpur blocks have got rich
cultivable land. Apart from this, North-west part of Bilaspur is a great source of valuable
forest products such as - Teak, Sal, Sarai, Bamboo, Harra, Mahua, Chirounji etc and
other minor forest products. The irrigated land of the district for Kharif crops is 1,49,370
hectares i.e. 40% of the total agricultural land, whereas only 9% (33,608 hectares) of
the agricultural land is utilized for Rabi crops.

PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 7

Bilaspur headquarter is 114 Kms away from the state capital Raipur and it hardly
takes 3 hours by road and 2 hours by train to reach Raipur. The facility of Aerodrome is
also available at Chakarbhatha of Bilaspur district, but no regular flight facility is
Sheonath, Arpa and Maniyari are the main rivers of the district. The district is rich
from the archaeological point of view also, Archaeological sites are located in Ratanpur
(Kota), Malhar (Masturi) and Talagaon (Bilha). The main temples of the district are
Mahamaya Devi (Ratanpur), Dindneshwari Devi (Malhar) and Dattatreya


The programme would be implemented in all ten Blocks of the district namely
Bilha, Gourella, Lormi, Kota, Masturi, Marwahi, Mungeli, Pendra, Patharia, Takhatpur.
However, priority would be given to the non-DPRP blocks & areas where PTG (Primitive
Tribe Groups) resides like Baiga.

Bilaspur falls within the temperate zone of Indian sub continent. The winter
commences from December and last till the end of February. The summer continues till
the second week of June. Monsoon commences from middle of June and remains till
the end of September. Excessive heat during summer, necessitates general public
sleeping in open. The maximum temperature in May 460C and mean minimum
temperature is 90c to 70c in December. May is the hottest month & December is the
coldest. The average rainfall in the district is 130.04 c.m. In May, the thermometer rises
to nearly 116 oc, but its usual range is in between 82 oc to 107 oc.
The relative humidity is higher during the South West monsoon season, being
generally over 75%. After Monsoon Season, humidity decreases and during the winter
season, air is fairly dry.
Rainfall observations indicate that annual rainfall in the area is around 1400 mm.
Rains are predominant during July -August. South-West is the predominant wind
direction during the period from May to September. Wind is generally calm and the city
has around 90 calm days. The layer of soil is moderate and the underground water is

PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 8


The Bilaspur has ample resources including; Land, Water, Forest, Animals and
Human. All types of resources are available for all the activities embedded in the project
to provide a better living environment and livelihood opportunities, to the residents of
district Bilaspur. The following resource inventory is the result of discussions in
meetings to plan this project and data collected from secondary resources.

The demographic data pertaining to Bilaspur district are as under-

Location - In the centre of Chhattisgarh state

Area - 8,58,885 Hectares
Forest Area - 4,01,450 Hectares (46.85%)

2.2 POPULATION- (As per census 2001)

District State National
Total - 19,93,042 2,07,95,956 102,70,15,247
Male - 10,09,007 1,04,52,426
Female - 9,84,035 1,03,43,530
Sex Ratio - 975 990 933
Rural - 15,94,434(80%) 1,66,20,627(79.9%) 74,16,60,293
Urban - 3,98,608(20%) 41,75,329(20.1%) 28,53,54,954
SC - 3,78,677(19%)
ST - 4,18,538(21%)



1009007 984035

500000 378677 418538 398608










PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 9

District State National
Total - 63.68% 65.17% 65.38%
Male - 78.98% 77.86% 75.85%
Female - 48.08% 52.28% 54.16%


District State National

Population Growth Rate - 17.59% 18.06%

(In ten years)
Density - 241 324
Birth Rate(Per Thousand) - 28 26.90
Death Rate(Per Thousand)- 11.1 9.60
Infant Mortality Rate - 72 78

2.5 DISTRICT ADMINISTRATION: The head of district administration, collector,

governs the district through 10 blocks in Bilaspur district, out of which, 3 blocks are tribal
blocks i.e. Gourela, Pendra and Marwahi. The administrative setup of the district is as



5 10 10


9 825




Apart from above


PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 10




The following are the major resources available in the district...

• Agriculture and Allied Services • Women and Child Care

• Agriculture • Health
• Horticulture • Education and Literacy
• Dairy • Irrigation
• Fishery • Forest and Environment
• Poultry
• Goatry
• Piggery

The services of these activities are converged in the Jilla Panchayat and a
comprehensive development solution is delivered at the grass root level. AGRICULTURE AND ALLIED SERVICES: AGRICULTURE

The district has 453562 hectares cultivable land, out of which, 373426 hectares
are being used for agriculture. District is rich in irrigation facilities. Single crop land in the
district is 363101 LAND USE PATTERN

hectares whereas double 500000 453562

crop land 129400 400000 373426
hectares. At present, 350000
330748 families are HA. 250000
engaged in farming and 150000

allied activity. Average 50000
total sown area in Kharif d d p p if bi
l an lan cro cro ar Ra
ble ture gle ble Kh
a l n u
is 338536 hectares and cu
u si

Rabi, 183583 hectares.

PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 11

The means of irrigation available in the district are Wells, Ponds, Debris, Tube-Wells,
Rivers, Nalas, and Canals etc. Paddy, Arhar, Mung, Groundnut and Til are the main
crops in Kharif while Wheat, Maize, Gram, Masur, Urad etc. are grown in Rabi season.
Annual production of food-grains (Inclusive pulse) is 55052 MTs and oil-seeds 2389

Status of horticulture is satisfactory in the district. District stands first from the
horticulture point of view in the state. Most of the land (About 40%) of the district is
kanhar, which suits for horticulture.

At present, 47045 hectares land is being used for horticulture, out of which,
16290 ha. for fruits, 22343
ha. for vegetables, 4313 ha.
50000 47045

for spices, 3046 ha. for tuber 45000

crops, 568 ha. for flowers 35000
and 485 ha. for medicinal

25000 22343
20000 16290
crops. Main crops taken 15000
under horticulture are 5000
4313 3046
568 485
Mangos, Lemons, Papaya,












Banana, Leechie, Potato,





Onion, Ladies finger, Brinjal, LAND USE

Tomato, Cabbage, Chilly, and Ginger etc.

The district has10 government horticulture farms, where horticultural crops are
grown and there are 03 cold storage centers to preserve fruits and vegetables. FISHERY

There are 84 large ponds and 3564 small

village ponds which occupies 12545.174 hectare land
under water. Presently, the ponds covering 8926.55
hectares area, are being used for seed production.
The supply of seeds is being managed by Fish
Farmers and departmental FFDA. At present district
is capable of meeting the demand of 572.75 lacs

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seeds only.
There are 88 fishery societies are in existence supporting livelihood of 2370
families in the district. Over and above this, the district has 04 hatching units, out of
which 1 is private. DAIRY

Presently, the production of milk in

the district is 203475 liters per day, which
does not fulfill the demand of whole market.
The district has 13 veterinary hospitals, 72
sub-veterinary hospitals. In addition to it,
there are two A.I. centers and 58 sub-A.I.
centers too. There are approximately
271223 cows and 26829 buffalos able to
produce milk in the district. POULTRY

There is one organized hatchery unit where

chick production is ensured. It produces 2.37 lacs
colour chicks per year. At present we are able to meet
only 45% of the market demand. Thus this activity
needs attention in the district to raise the common man
income. GOATRY
The villagers traditionally keeps goat with the other
milking cattle but at present this is not being done in
commercial terms, to meet the demand of meat in the market.
A survey reveals that the district is able to meet only 0.125
tonnes against the demand of 0.25 tonnes/day. PIGGERY

The district is in infant level in this activity. Some of the

people are being interested in the piggery. We have to
harness their potential and interest. Traditionally in some of

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the villages, only a few people keep the local variety of pigs.

• There are 11 child development projects are running in the district. There are
1710 ICDS centers in these projects. Out of 10 development blocks 3 blocks
have sufficient buildings for ICDS while there is a need in rest 7 blocks. The
construction is going on through running projects.

• Under the scheme, following services are being given to the pregnant women
and the children of 0 to 6 years age group.

• Supplement nutrition
• Health checkups
• Primary health care
• Vaccination
• Nutrition and health education
• Pre-school in formal education


The district has an active health department with the strong network of workers
spread all over the district. As part of their extension services, the department carries
out -

• Family planning programme

• Vaccination programme
• Anti T.B. programme
• Leprosy eradication programme
• Malaria eradication programme
• Blindness Control programme

Bilaspur district has following

infra-structure to support health

• District Hospital - 01
• Community Health Centers- 10
• Primary Health Centers - 43
• Sub Health Centers - 303

They have buildings but in deteriorated condition, needs immediate repairs and
Apart from these, Apollo and CIMS are premier health service providers.

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Ashok Prasuti Mandir Pratap Chowk

Abhiram Sharma N. Homes Tikrapara

Bajaj Nursing homes Link Road

Balani Nursing homes and Endoscopy Centre Mungeli road

Bellevue Nurshing homes Dr.Ambedkar Road

Bhargava Surgical and N.Homes Magar para

Bilaspur Hospital Telipara

Children Hospital (Dr.Sihare) Nirala Nagar

Dixit Nursing home,UDM Urology clinic Kududand

Dubey's Maternity Home Telipara

Ghosh Surgical and Nursing homes Tikrapara

Kalvit Nursing home Sarkanda

Smt. Kaushilya Devi Sehgal Nursing Homes Civil Line

Motwani Sonography Tilak Nagar

Luthra Nursing Homes Nehru nagar

Ladikar Othopaedic Homes Bus stand Road

Maharishi Hospital Near Idgah Chowk

Dr. Menghani's Advanced Diagnostic Centre Tilak Nagar

Meghani's Nursing Homes Juni Line

Mehta Children hospital Khaparganj

Mission Hospital Near Idgah Chowk

Mittal Prasuti and Nursing Homes Juni Line

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Pendalwar's Maternity Homes Torwa

Pathak's ENT Hosp and Maternity H. Ware House Chowk

Pt.M.D.Mishra Memorial Nursing homes Juni Line

Rahalkar's Endoscopy and Nursing Hm. Jarhabhata

Sugam Nursing Homes Sarkanda

Surgery Centre Satyam Complex

Sushrut Nurshing Home Rajendra Nagar

Tejkaur Nursing Home (Dr.Dhir) Dayalband

Tiwari Orthopedic and trauma centre Vyapar Vihar Road

Unique Nurshing Home Telipara


The department of education in

collaboration with Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is
playing important role towards proliferation of
education. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan looks after
the elementary education in the district. The
extension services which are being provided by
the department are-

• Scholarship to the children

• Distribution of free text books
• Special drive for enrolment and retention of children with special needs
The educational infrastructure of the district comprises of-

• Primary Schools - 2456 • Training Colleges - 08

• Upper Primary Schools - 660
• High Schools - 79
• Higher Secondary Schools- 158
• Colleges - 26
• Polytechnics - 01
• ITI - 03
• Professional Colleges - 05
• Universities - 01

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Besides these, several institutions run by private/autonomous bodies are present
at each of the above levels.

Total literacy rate in the district is 63.68%. whereas female literacy is only
48.08%. A comparison literacy rates at state and national level is as under-

Category District State National

Total Literacy 63.68% 65.17% 65.38%

Male Literacy 78.98% 77.86% 75.85%
Female Literacy 48.08% 52.28% 54.16% STATUS OF SCHOOLS

Block P.S. M.S. High School H.S.S.
Govt. Non.Govt. Total Govt. Non.Govt. Total Govt. Non.Govt. Total Govt. Non.ovt. Total
Bilha 340 120 460 105 92 201 10 21 31 23 51 74
Masturi 254 26 280 63 8 71 3 3 6 14 5 19
Kota 344 12 356 61 6 66 5 4 9 12 1 13
Takhatpur 257 19 276 64 12 76 5 1 6 6 3 9
Gourella 179 4 183 35 2 37 0 0 0 7 1 8
Pendra 136 7 143 27 4 31 3 2 5 4 0 4
Marwahi 254 13 267 46 2 48 5 0 5 6 1 7
Pathariya 174 3 177 38 2 40 5 0 5 4 1 5
Lormi 286 11 297 42 8 50 7 2 9 6 5 11
Mungeli 231 8 239 42 6 48 11 2 13 4 5 9
Total 2455 223 2678 523 142 668 54 35 87 86 73 159
( Based on 2001-2002 Status)
Note: All the school e.g.s,a.s.,n.p.s. are included in primary school.


Irrigation by canal is prominent in the district. 86.33 % of the total irrigated land is
covered by the canal system. 5.85% by tube well, 3.28% by well, 2.52% by ponds/tanks
and rest 1.49% of irrigated land is covered by other means of irrigation. The district
have sufficient underground table but it is not being utilised in full potential.


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The Bilaspur district is rich in forest resources. The 46.85% of the district area is
covered by the forests. Mainly Teak forests are found in some patches Mixed forests
are there. A sanctuary named Achanakmar is situated at 55 km. from Bilaspur is a
major renowned natural tourist place.


The department of panchayat and social welfare provides following extension


• Scholarship for the children of deprived groups

• Social security pension
• Old age pension
• Indira Sahara Yojana
• Aid-n-appliances for the PwD
• Vocational trainings for PwD
• Delivery of Juvenille Justice


The entire Chhattisgarh Region itself is a good place for tourism, with many Historical
and natural beautiful places. Some historical places of Bilaspur are as under: RATANPUR - Ratanpur, is situated Approximately 25

km away from Bilaspur on the way of Katghora. It is said that
this place have importance in all the Yugs ( Era) i.e.
Satyug,Dwaper,Treta & Kalyug

Mahamaya temple is of eleventh century made during the

regime of CALTURI king Raja Ratnadev. This main temple is
surrounded by different old temples and ponds. At the
entrance of Ratanpur there is a temple of Baba Bairavnath
having 9 feet high idol.

At Kariyapara, Ancient Shivling and Surya Temple found in the pond of Krishna
Arjuni. Infront of Mahamaya Temple there is a temple of Kantideval of Maratha Period. MALLHAR - (Saravpur) Once open a time the Saravpur was the State Capital of
ancient Chhattisgarh. It is approximately 14 Km. away from Masturi
block. At this place remains of the period from 1000 BC to Culturi
regime are found. There are temples of 10th and 11th century.

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Among those Pataleswar kedar temple is one of them where Gomukhi sihvling is the
main attraction for tourists. The Didneswari temple of Culturi regime is also there. There
is museum having good collection of old sculpture being managed by Central Govt. TALAGRAM - Talagram is famous for "Deorani-Jethani"

temple and is situated 25 Kms. from Bilaspur on Bhojpur-Dagori
road. The another name of Talagram is Ameri-Kapa gram. There is
a wonderful statue present in the temple which is approximately 7
ft. height , 4 ft. width and weighed 8 tons. People from all corners of
the world come to see the statue. There is no any name has been
given to that statue even after several years. KUTHAGHAT - It is basically a dam located 10 Kms. from Ratanpur. The dam is
surrounded with forest and hills. It is a scenic tourist point. BELPAN - It is situated at 11 Kms. from Takhatpur, famous for a big pond
(kund) and samadhi. KHUDIA DAM - It is situated in Lormi Block at 85 Kms. from Bilaspur. It is

famous for natural resources. KABIR CHABOOTARA - It is situated in Gourella Block at 100 Kms. from

Bilaspur. It is a place of saints and mahatmas.

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• Enormous natural resources including the means of livelihood opportunities.

• Red yellow ( Matasi) soil.

• Fairly major rivers having small channels and rivulets.

• One national highway No. 200, passes through the district.

• Active PRIs.

• A large number of VFC/FPC

• Improving rate of literacy.

• Potentiality for agro-based industries.

• Glorious historical background and rich heritage.

• Government and administrative setup committed to development.


 Poor irrigation facilities.

 Several schools/ICDS centers have no building.

 Poor training & skill up-gradation facilities in the district.

 Social ailment issues like child marriage, alcoholism among tribes.

 Economic issues like migration, unemployment.

 Badly affected health infrastructure and need of health support services

 Livelihoods opportunities are not fully exploited.
 Fairly large quantity of unprocessed agricultural and forest
produce goes out of the district shows high opportunities for

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value addition.
 The new quest for organic food, opens prospects for Bilaspur, because of
availability of raw material for organic manure in each village, being animal
husbandry a part of their life.
 Marvahi arts are getting market attention, at national and international levels.
 A strong network of active PRIs facilitates outreach services for training and
skill development.
 Skilled traditional artisans in the filed of kosa, bamboo craft and wooden arts.
3.1.4 . THREATS
 Surrounded by extremists affected districts.
 The overly rigorous provisions of the Forest
Conservation Act.


Following sectors have been identified for the income generating development activities.
These sectors have been screened through the SWOT as per following
• Agriculture and Horticulture
• Fisheries
• Forestry
• Veterinary



Land 3.75 lac hectare Remaining 33% Additional Face risk due
available for is not suitable 12600 hectares to the loose
agriculture. 66% for double crop. can be brought cattle that eat
of this is suitable 59000 hectare is under away from the
for double crop. high land where cultivation. fields and
water cannot be gardens.
stored and
hampers the
fertility of this

PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 21


Manpower 3.30 lac families Most of the Farming is a Migration
are involved in manpower is seasonal during non-
farming activities poor and does activity and the cultivating
- i.e. 1 family per not have own entire workforce periods and
1.13 hectare. land. They are can be utilized drought.
often exploited in other
at the hands of productive
the rich activities.
landowners. The farmers can
The proficiency be taken out on
level is low in trips to other
work areas states and
other than regions of the
farming. country - this
will enable them
study and
exchange ideas
with their
counter parts.
Water The region has a Due to lack of Check dams Monsoon can
rich monsoon, adequate and other such sometimes be
which is enough irrigation mechanisms unpredictable.
to cultivate rice - facilities farmers must be used to Late arrival and
a crop that do not take the harvest the early
requires a lot of risk of water. Two and withdrawal
water. cultivating the even three crop leads to a crop
lands. cycles can be loss.
achieved if
proper irrigation
facilities can be
Fertilizers Chemical The people are Use of bio- Chemical
fertilizers are more inclined fertilizers should fertilizer
abundantly towards the be promoted as changes the
available. chemical it increases the composition of
fertilizer than fertility of the soil and
organic fertilizer land and initiates
strengthens it ecological
against drought. imbalance
Modernization The need for Modern farming Increase in It is believed
modernization equipment and education level that
has been machinery are is helping in modernization
accepted. 2300 not yet being readily tends increase
tractors are in used. acceptance of productivity at
use for farming. the modern the cost of
This number is equipments reduction in
expected to manpower
grow. requirement.

PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 22


Finance 54 bank Due to the lack Promotion of the Processing
Sector branches and of awareness concept of delays and
136 co-operative and other micro-credit and lengthy paper
societies provide reasons farmers insurance work are
agriculture loans. are often caught schemes. deterrents that
in the debt traps must be
of private removed.
Resources Seed processing, Processing unit, Setting up this Dependence
Research Storage places infrastructure on CG Raj
facilities, Radio- and Distribution will result in Krishi Vipran
TV for channels not generation of Mandi Board,
communications available. employment (Agro Cell)
options are opportunities. leads to delay
available in the in receipt of
district. seeds. GAPS

1 Insufficient Irrigation Facilities

2 Processing, Storage and Distribution resources need to created and
strengthened. This venue has ample potential of generating a
employment / self-employment opportunities.
3 Vocational Training that will enable the abundant manpower to be
occupied in non-cultivating periods. This will help tackle the threat of
4 Creation of awareness and promotion of the micro-credit and insurance
options will help bring the farmers out the clutches of the moneylenders,
making them self-sufficient.
5 Fencing required, especially for horticulture work.

PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 23



Water-bodies Approx 6000 35 hectares of Market demand Depleting water
hectares of village rearing ponds of fish allows for resources is a
ponds are are required to bringing more major threat.
available for fish meet the seed land into fish Water bodies
cultivation. demand of the cultivation. are
Besides this many district. scrupulously
small dabris being filled with
(fishing ponds) mud.
have been set up
under the Relief
Work Scheme.
Manpower Families can gain Poverty is a Ample scope for The people may
sustainable work major factor employment of not readily
per hectare. 20 that prevents unskilled accept change
day training these families manpower. in their
sessions are from procuring livelihood
organized at the their own pattern.
block centers fishing
where nominees equipment.
from the nearby
Finance Government Due to the lack Promotion of the Processing
Sector support for of awareness concept of micro- delays and
funding rural and other credit and lengthy paper
employment reasons insurance work are
activities. farmers are schemes. deterrents that
often caught in must be
the debt traps removed.
of private
Equipment The fishing Inadequate Net weaving The villagers
facilities like availability of from nylon ropes are not trained
boats, nets etc fishing facility could be in the operation
have a life 5-10 like nets etc. promoted. of modern
years and forces equipment so
requirement dependability they may
minimal repair on private destroy by
and maintenance. contractors. improper

PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 24


Seeds 3 production units Additional There are The water
are operational in production unit sufficient water quality and
the district. These required to bodies to be composition
together fulfill fulfill the seed converted in may not be
50% of the requirement. raring pond. suitable for the
requirement. young spawns.
Production Up to 3 tonnes Current There are trained The people may
production per average technical staff in not co-operate
hectare can be production is fishery with the fishery
achieved. less than 1 department to department.
tonne per handle the any
hectare. The situation.
soil in the
ponds do not
support growth
of fish life.
Proper manure
and feeding
can take help
overcome this
Storage and There is a great There is no Setting of cold Fish is an item
Marketing demand for the availability of storage units in that has a very
fish in the district freezing the district and short shelf life
and neighboring storage mandis across and tends to go
regions. facilities or the district will bad if not
mandis in the boost the reach consumed
district. of this product. quickly GAPS

1. Seed shortfall is currently being fulfilled from out of district.

2. Plenty of market potential, which can endorse the setting up of
additional fishponds. These fishing ponds will in turn help increase the
water table.
3. Setting up of proper storage, distribution and marketing support can
help expansion of this sector in a big way.
4. Capacity building in fishing and breeding technologies can help
increase the production to the targeted levels, which in turn will increase
the income of the work force.

PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 25



Land The district has a The people The people are The growing
forest cover of are not inclined to learn size and
46.85%. trained in scientific population of
scientific method for forest villages
collection and primary is
primary processing of compromising
processing of MFP the forestland.



Production There is sufficient Production is Facilities for The poor
land and grass 35% of additional 65% hygienic
production to requirement production of condition may
cater the good milk lead to animal
variety of milking diseases.
Animals There is sufficient But, these are Artificial There is a lead
number of cattle non-descript Insemination time involved
in the district. cattle of a low can be used to in the process
milk yield. improve the and currently
yield of the the success
future rate of AI in
generations of the district is
the cattle. 30%.
Resources Skilled manpower More The staff is Modern
in the department equipment ready to face equipments
to use the modern and vehicles new challenges may damage
equipment that are required and work hard. by the new
will help increase so that a wider staff.
the yield. section of the
district can be

PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 26


Farms Currently, almost Household Additional yield The poor
every rural consumption
will help hygienic
household has does not let
increase the condition may
some cattle and the farmers
household lead to animal
have the basic gain monetary
income diseases.
skills required for benefit from
breeding and this farming.
Dairies can be
milking the cattle. setup with low
periods - the
farmer can start
ending almost
Production The people are Production is Facilities for The poor
trained in 45% of additional 55% hygienic
domesticating requirement production of condition may
the egg egg. lead to out-
producing birds. break of
Farms Small backyard Lack of Can be The farmers
poultries can be training and extended to tend to eat
setup at low cost.awareness regular poultry and / or sell
No big marketing amongst the farms. away the
setup required. farmers is a birds.
Production The people are Production is Facilities for There is not
trained in 50% of additional 50% any scientific
domesticating requirement production of storage
the animals. meat place, so un-
sold meat

PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 27

Farms Small backyard Lack of Can be The farmers

farms can be training and extended to tend to eat and
setup at low cost. awareness regular farms. / or sell away
amongst the the animals.
farmers is a Local beliefs
major and
drawback. superstitions
Marketing do not let the
support is farmers to
required for breed some
pig farmers. type of


Production Fodder is required There is an There is a vast Lack of stall
for every type of evident lack of scope for feeding
animal farming. interest in employment / facilities
green fodder occupation compromises
production. generation in the yield of the
this sector. animals
Cultivation Local fodder Lack of Land from
cultivation will awareness regular
result in low-cost towards the agriculture
good quality benefits of cultivation will
animal feed round fodder have to be
the year. cultivation. shared for
cultivation GAPS

1. Number of cattle does not justify the total milk yield. Change in
cattle breed is required either by replacement or up-gradation.
2. Premature sale or consumption is a major problem. Commercial
sense and increase in awareness is a must while promoting
poultry farming.
3. Local beliefs and superstitions are a major hindrance that does not
let the farmers breed certain type of animals for meat
4. A tradeoff analysis and increase in awareness in sharing cultivable
land for fodder cultivation is required.
5. Lack of marketing support. Rural farmers are not able to realize
adequate compensation for their produce. Also, these products

PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 28

are perishable in nature, must be stored properly and must be

consumed within a short time frame.

The following are identified as critical gaps in the development of the district.
Bridging these would lead to an overall economic growth.


• Out of 453562 hectares cultivable land, 80136 hectare land is still not
being used for agriculture, which is 17% of total cultivable area.
• Insufficient irrigation facilities, district has 373426 hectares agricultural
land, out of which only 137756 hectares (36.8%) are being irrigated
from all resources.
• The productivity rate of wheat at state is 1490 Kg. per hectare, against
this only 1130 Kg. per hectare production is achieved. Thus, there is a
gap of 25% to the state level.
• Low seed replacement ratio.
• Unbalanced use of fertilizers.


• Low female literacy rate. Female literacy at the district is 48.08%
whereas it is 52.28% and 54.16% respectively at the state and national
• Low gross access ratio at elementary level, Primary/Middle schools
could not be setup at every habitations of the district.
• High pupil teacher ratio, number of teachers are less in the district.
• Low retention rate specifically in disabled children.

• The district still need 35 hectares of rearing ponds to fulfill the seed
demand of the district.
• The demand of spawn is 20.00 crores, whereas supply is only 14.5
crores. The gap is 27.5%.

PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 29

• The demand of fry is 8.0 crore, where as supply is 5.8 crore. The gap
is 27.5% to fulfill the market demand.
• Lack of small ice factories. (freezing storage)
• Per ha. Production is 1 tone, which can be raised up to 3 tones per

• Production of egg is only 45% of the market demand.

• The demand of meat is 0.25 tone per day, while supply is only 0.125
tone per day. There is a gap of 50% to fulfill the market demand.
• Premature sale or consumption of chicks.

• Production of milk is only 35% of the market demand.

• Inadequate no. of AI centers.
• Lack of interest of farmers in green fodder production.


• Lack of processing units for lac produces.

• Lack of technical supports & capacity
• Non-availability of organized markets for
• Unavailability of processing/packaging units for MFPs.


3.4.1 Timely Availability of Information

There is a huge gap in the availability of information. There is little or no market

data available to the rural masses. Beside it there is a substantial delay in getting
information due to time wasted in traveling. Timely availability of the information about
the dynamic market conditions is a vital link that will lead to sustainable rural enterprise.
Information will enable the rural masses to plan for and utilize the situation for their

PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 30

The producers will be able to tailor their products to meet the specifications of the
consumers if the requirements are communicated to the producers in time. Alternately
remote villagers could sell their products in markets where there is a demand their

The developments in the ICT can be optimally utilized to connect the remote
areas of the district with the district headquarters and in turn with the state, nation and
the world.

3.4.2 Marketing Support

There is a huge gap in the delivery

channel. The remote producers of the
various products - agriculture, horticulture,
forestry, fisheries, etc. are not able reach
better and wider markets with their
produces .
Earlier experiences that the
government has had with the selling of
handicrafts have demonstrated that a sustainable marketing setup is not possible
without private participation. Mandis have to be setup where private merchants can go,
inspect and purchase the products.
Care will have to be taken to ensure that unfair advantage is not taken by
anybody in the entire chain. Bridging the gap in the information delivery mechanism
identified above will vital in ensuring this.

3.4.3 Processing and Storage Facilities for Perishable Products

Most of the income generating products in

the district are perishable in nature, so much so that
some of them have a very short shelf life. This

PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 31

discourages the villagers from trying to reach more remunerative markets. They are
forced to make distress-sales to exploiting middlemen and moneylenders.
Setting up cold storages and ensuring availability of freezer boxes / trucks etc will
be instrumental in overcoming this limitation. The use of preservatives could also be
This also opens the scope for entrepreneurs interested in setting up food
processing and packaging units for these products. Proper processing and packaging
will help enhance both the market value and the shelf life of these items.

3.4.4 Connectivity and Transportation

Poor connectivity can be said to be the most major barrier to the process of
development in the district. In rainy season about 35 % villages becomes
inapproachable due to lack of roads, fair weather roads. Inadequate transportation
system obstructs the development. Due to this factor:-
 Comparatively more time and energy
is lost in traveling decreasing
availability of working man days.
 Villagers are unable to reach
remunerative markets for selling their
products.. They are constrained to
distress-sale of their products to
exploitative middlemen and money-lenders.
 Health-care workers are hindered from rendering timely medical aid in the
interior parts of the district became of poor connectivity.
 Students are forced to drop out, if they cannot reach middle / high schools
located at some distance cut off during rains.
PMGSY is an important intervention in this regard. However, there are several
bridges/culverts which are not covered under PMGSY. Taking these, under RSVY
would greatly enhance the impact of PMGSY. A detailed scrutiny of the bridges/culverts
required has been enlisted. The priority of these bridges/culverts has been drawn up in
consultation with public representatives and development officers.

3.4.5 Poor Irrigation Facilities

PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 32

Another major barrier in the growth of the district

where agriculture constitutes the mainstay of rural
economy is irrigation. Less than 50% of the agricultural
land is irrigated. Due to poor irrigation facilities most
farmers are not able to adopt the two-crop and three-
crop farming patterns.
Dependence on rainwater and single crop forces
the villagers to extend their farm, putting pressure on the forestlands that adjoin the
The solution to this problem lies in enhancing and strengthening the reach of the
irrigated water to all parts of the district.
Besides, deepening of existing lakes and water bodies adjoining and using other
water harvesting methods will be have to be used to help in drought proofing the prone
areas of the district.

3.4.6 Up-gradation / Replacement of Cattle Breed

Although almost every rural household has some cattle in their backyard the overall
milk production is far less the requirement of
the district. This is unduly taxing in terms of
the fodder requirement in comparison to the
production that these cattle give. The low
descript cattle needs to be replaced with a
better yielding breed. This can be done by
two ways…
• Upgraded – through artificial insemination
• Replace – with high-yield breed
Artificial Insemination can help improve the future generations of these animals.
Carrying out AI on a large scale is a good option. However, this process is time
consuming. Replacement is another alternative, which is fast but rather expensive.

3.4.7 Proper Training & Capacity Building Facilities

Capacity building and generation of alternative skills is a big requirement of the
district. The villagers have to be made to understand what they can do and what goals

PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 33

they can achieve with a little dedication. Conducting regular training and refresher
sessions is the simplest and most effective way to do this.
Presenting very little training work is being
done in the district. Training sessions are
infrequently organized at district or block
headquarters, which are attended by nominees of
different villages/panchayats. It has been noted
that often the trainees are not even interested in
the subject or the course content. There are
generally some political favorites who come and attend to in cash the stipends and
allowances that are associated with such sessions. The really interested parties who
would have benefited and implemented the knowledge gained from such sessions are
just left out.
The training sessions should be organized more frequently. It could be a multi-
tiered training approach.
• Tier 1 – General training sessions be organized nearer to the villagers’ place of
residence. Obviously we cannot expect every person to be interested in every
vocation / occupation option.
• Tier 2 – Subject / Topic wise interested participants can be brought to the block /
district headquarters for a more in-dept course.
• Tier 3 – Still interested parties can be sent out for courses with professional
guidance centers or institutes

Training infrastructure has been setup in almost every habitat in the district under
the District Primary Education Programme and the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. This can be
utilized for the training sessions proposed at the village level.

3.4.8 Outreach Services

The existing outreach services are grossly insufficient. This can supplement the
capacity building efforts in the district. Some areas where outreach services can help
bridge the gaps include…
• Women have found a place in the PRIs due the reservation incorporated into the
system. But they are unable to discharge their office effectively due of ignorance
of their rights and responsibilities.

PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 34

• Awareness about what regulated mandi is and how it can help the villagers
receive better returns on their purchases and produces.
• Awareness about the welfare schemes of the various governments. For e.g. –
this is the main reason why the villagers are not yet able to benefit from the
group insurance and micro credit options promoted by the government.
The outreach services need to be strengthened and the NGOs can play a
vital role in this.

3.4.9 Untapped Livelihood Opportunities

The rural economy in Bilaspur is based entirely on agriculture and NTFP.
Livelihood opportunities allied to agriculture offer substantial
potential for growth. These include horticulture, forestry,
poultry, piggery etc. Tribal handicrafts of Marvahi are taking
leaps and bounce in national and international markets.
However, volume and consistent quality in production are seen as barriers to growth
and to catch a suitable regular market. Common Facility Centers for artisans would help
in overcoming this problem.

PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 35


The main objective of the project is to improve the living conditions of village
communities, in terms of sustainable income increase, access to basic socio-economic
services, and improved natural resource management practices. The project would
achieve its main objective through the following specific objectives;

 To break geographic limitations especially in rural remote areas, by

providing better connectivity.
 To provide irrigation facilities, to increase agricultural productivity
specially sugarcane.
 To enhance infrastructure for health services.
 To enhance market linkages for agricultural as well as NTFP products.
 To provide infrastructural support for livelihood opportunities.
 To create awareness on development and social ailment.
 To do maintenance of Assets ( Health, Education & Veterinary
 To do benchmark survey and regular monitoring of the project.


Household food security and improved livelihood opportunities and overall quality of life
of the population based on the sustainable and equitable use of natural resource. To
achieve this, the programme would:
i. empower grassroots associations and users' groups, including women and
other marginal groups, so that they would become more capable to plan,
implement and manage their own development and to negotiate with The
relevant authorities to harness the necessary resources.
ii. promote activities which generate sustainable increases in production and
productivity of land and water resources;
iii. generate alternate sources of income outside of agriculture, particularly for
the landless.

PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 36


The programme would be driven strictly by beneficiary demand. Priority would be

given (empowering Gram Sabha's members and organising beneficiary groups with
responsibilities of planning, implementation, operation and maintenance arrangements
and cost sharing. The resource would be managed directly by the beneficiaries.

The priority tribal target group would consist of marginal smallholders, women,
and other marginal groups such as the PTGs, landless or semi-landless households.
But since the programme has adopted watershed development approach, an essentially
area based concept, it would not be possible to restrict support solely to households
below the poverty line. For this reason, areas having high concentration of households
below the poverty line and/or PTGs would be selected. All other interventions would be
targeted through ceilings on the amount of credit or by the type of intervention:
livestock, fishponds, nurseries and support to NTFP processing would be targeted
through landless and/or families likely to "lose".

Food security would be seen as one dimension of a broader concept of livelihood

security and in this framework, Health and nutrition security would be considered a mid-
range, objective towards the achievement of a sustainable livelihood system for the

Beneficiaries would be asked to make contributions to the investment both in

cash and kind to develop among them a sense of ownership.

At the initial stage priority would be given to areas likely to generate early
technical. Financial and social benefits, namely, areas with good potential in which
communities have under taken independent initiatives, in order to establish a powerful
demonstration effect.

All requests for programme financing would be subject to a mandatory

environmental screening to ensure that programme-financed initiatives do not have
negative environmental impacts.

PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 37

4.3 Role of Women:

Due to their important role in the agriculture-cum-forest-based economics,
women among rural population have traditionally enjoyed respect as economically
valued members of their communities than women in mainstream Indian society.
Women’s work is regarded as crucial for the survival of tribal households in terms of
provisioning for food, income earning and management of financial resources. Food
gathering is also a vital economic activity even for women of agricultural tribes. Women
are major earners from the sale of NTFP’s especially in forest dependent livelihood
system (Tendu leaves collection etc.). Due to the tribal women’s major role in trade and
marketing and to having primary responsibility for household provisioning, they are the
de facto managers of most household income, as well as of the agriculture produce.
Furthermore, participatory planning process and the inclusion of women in the
community institutions will draw women into the public life of the village and give them a
voice in the affairs of the community.

4.4 Community based rural micro finance

The programme would develop an alternative community based financial

services mechanism. This would consist of revolving credit fund at block level either
with the block panchayat or village level management committee or with line
department. The beneficiary would enter into direct MOU with the revolving credit fund
committee. Thus, the lengthy bank linkage will be done away.

4.5 Implementation Arrangements Planning Procedures

Beneficiary groups supported by resource line departments would implement the

activities. The DPIUs in conjunction with the facilitating NGO would be responsible for
organising the study tours and training envisaged, for monitoring the results and for
administering the provision of inputs and outputs envisaged. Various livelihood
promotion projects have been identified to improve the living standards of the rural
masses of the district. These will be executed at the grass-root levels by the different
departments – Fisheries, Agriculture, Horticulture, Veterinary and Forestry.

PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 38

These include setting up of…

• fishing ponds – big and small
• rearing ponds
• mushroom cultivation
• laac farming
• backyard poultries
• goatries
• piggeries

While implementing these provisions, care will be taken to ensure private /

community participation wherever possible. The beneficiaries will be educated to run
their enterprises with sound economics, so that they may become self-reliant. Support
of active NGOs will be solicited to ensure that sustainable business practices are
adopted while implementing the livelihood projects.

4.6 Infrastructure Development

To ensure the sustainability of the livelihood promotion activities in the district
certain infrastructure support systems will have to be developed / strengthened.

• Looking at the projected fish production in the district adequate marketing

support will be needed within the next couple of years. We propose to setup 02
Fish Mandis per year (total 6 in three years) under the RSVY. Similarly we also
propose to setup 5 forest product collection centers per year (15 in three years).

• The need for better connectivity for easy transportation is strongly felt and a
network of trunk roads is being readied in the district. We propose to utilize part
of the funds available under RSVY to increase accessibility to the remote
habitations by building short culverts on the inner roads. This will ensure all
weather road connectivity and increase the accessibility of the distant markets for
the rural masses.

• Tube Wells were installed at many of the villages, which were used to fill the
lakes and ponds during summer. We propose to strengthen these by

PROJECT PLAN BY: LNC, C/17,SECTOR-3, DEVENDRA NAGAR, RAIPUR C.G. PH: 0771-2524290, FAX: 0771-5059422 39

constructing bathing-cum-washing places with small overhead water tanks. 400

such places will be setup during the three years under RSVY, which will benefit
more than 20000 people.

• Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan provides Rs. 5000 per year for repair and maintenance of
the schools under their purview. However, some of the primary / upper primary
school buildings in the district are in dire state and need major repairs which
cannot be done under this provision. 300 such school buildings will be repaired
under RSVY.

• Sub-Health Centers have been setup across the length and breadth of the
district. Some of these are still working from temporary / inadequate structures.
Under RSVY we propose to strengthen such SHCs by providing a building and
some basic equipment. The list of the equipment that will be provided at the sub-
health centers includes ANC/examination tables, weighing scales, BP
instruments, stethoscopes, HB testing set, etc. It is proposed that in the three
years 50 such centers will be setup at the average cost of Rs. 2 Lacs per center.
Village Health Committees will be set up at these places and the committee
members will be trained in the day-to-day handling of these equipment as part of
training and capacity building exercise.

• Cattle up-gradation through artificial insemination has been identified as a

remedy that will help improve milk production in the district. J. K. Trust, a premier
institution in the country doing research in upgrading the quality of cattle. They
have proposed to setup 25 artificial insemination centers per year (total 75
centers). These centers will take up artificial insemination of the cattle, as a result
of which the milk yield of their future generations will improve.

• Increasing the shelf life of the fruits and vegetables is a major concern. At
present there are no processing and preservation facilities in the district. The
need for Biotech and Fruit Preservation Labs has been felt for a long time in the
district. Under the provisions of RSVY we propose to setup…
o The Biotech Lab at TCB College of Agriculture and Research Station
(Indira Gandhi Agricultural University) Bilaspur.
o The Fruit Preservation Lab at Lalpur village in Gaurella Block.

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• 335 Tube-wells with Pumps will be installed to meet the irrigation requirement of
the district that will provide a source of water more reliable than the annual
rainwater for the farmers. This will enable them to adopt the two/three crop

4.7 Training & Capacity Building

Capacity building and training is another major gap that has been identified in the
growth of the district. RSVY will be used to tackle this on a war footing. A host of
training sessions will be conducted at the village level (outreach training) and at the
block and district headquarters.

We propose to adopt a 3 tier training system…

Tier 1
Sessions will be organized at the village level, as an outreach service, to impart
general and introductory information on the different topics. This will give us an
opportunity to reach a larger audience. The trainers at this level will identify
interested candidates for in the different topics so that they may be invited for an
in-depth discourse at Tier 2.
Tier 2
The Tier 2 sessions will be organized at the block and district headquarters
where the candidates identified as “interested” in the Tier 1 will be invited to
attend. These will be in-depth training sessions discussing the finer issues in the
selected topic.
Tier 3
In the third tier of the training programme, short listed candidates from Tier 2 will
be sent to professional / career institutes for formal training with scholarship.

To set up an efficient team to carry out the entire 3-year training programme a
team of efficient and dedicated trainers will have to be set up. The services of the skilled
master trainers, subject specialists from the various government departments, NGOs,
universities and practicing professionals will be solicited to prepare the course content
for the different tiers. Help of the national and state level NGOs, corporate will be sought
to bring in experts and subject specialists who will train the team of master trainers.

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Regular refresher sessions will be organized to keep the information of these trainers
abreast with the latest market happenings.
It is planned that these trainers and master trainers will impart training for more
than 23000 training days through out the district on the short-listed topics at an overall
average estimated cost of Rs. 1000 per day.

List of short listed topics for training

Livelihood Promotion
1 Agriculture
2 Fishery
3 Mushroom Production
4 Cash Crop Agriculture
5 Animal Farming
6 Horticulture
7 Sericulture
8 Spinning and Weaving

Management Skills
1 Entrepreneurship
2 Marketing
3 Industries - Small, Cottage, Tiny

Community Living
1 Role of PRI
2 Role of Cooperative Societies
3 Role of Government Departments
4 Basic Health Care
5 Village Health Committee
6 Role of Women in Society
7 Integration of Persons' with Disability in Society

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1 Modernization
2 Skills Up-gradation
User of Information and Communication
3 Technology (ICT)
4 Hands on Training in use of ICT
5 Machinery Available in Agriculture
6 Machinery Available in Horticulture

Conservation of Nature
1 Conservation of Forest
2 Conservation of Water
3 Conservation of Resources

Taking into consideration the intensive training and capacity building

programmes that will be taken up over the three years, we propose to setup a
Resource Center for Capacity Building. It will be equipped with the conventional and
state of the art equipment that will be used to deliver the courses, like LCD projectors,
computers, overhead projectors, audio systems, portable generators etc.
This center will be responsible for…
• Planning the training curriculum, content and duration
• Managing the training schedule, master trainers, trainers and other resource
• Organizing the training sessions

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The programme is innovative and builds on action, learning. For its success it
would require close monitoring and supervision leading to prompt and effective
corrective actions. To facilitate such a process, a Monitoring Cell would be established
in the Block PIU and in DPIU, which will be led by Monitoring and Evaluation Officer and
the Monitoring Officer, respectively.

• Implementation of RSVY in Bilaspur will begin as soon as the funds are received.
The targets for the year 2004-05 will be met in most cases. However, since the
time available in the financial year is short, activities, incomplete at the end of the
year will be completed in the second year alongside the projects for Year 2.

• Zila Panchayat will be the nodal agency for implementation of RSVY. All funds
received under the scheme will be parked in a separate account of the CEO, Zila

• The implementing agency could be the beneficiary, PRI, government department

or private contractor who does the actual implementation at the ground level.

• Monitoring of the progress of the implementation will be done on a weekly basis

by the Head of the Nodal Agency and by the Collector on a monthly basis.

• The projects/works as identified by the project formulation committee and

included in this action plan shall not be altered or changed, unless there are
compelling reasons for doing so. Only the District RSVY Committee shall be
authorized to make any change.

• The estimates included in the Action Plan, particularly under the infrastructure
and ICT components are subject to satisfactory technical (TS) and administrative
(AS) sanctions by the competent authorities. No amount shall be released to any
agency without obtaining the necessary TS and AS.

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• In respect of beneficiary-oriented schemes the selection of beneficiaries shall be

done through the PRIs.

• A board displaying the name of the scheme and the implementing agency,
amount sanctioned, time-limit for completion and other relevant details will be
prominently displayed at the work-site and or the approach road.

• Participation of the people will be ensured in all stages of implementation of the


• A MOU shall be signed between each and every the implementing agency and
the head of the nodal agency for every project undertaking to execute the work
as required under the scheme within the stipulated time frame. That is, if more
than one implementing agency is working on a project each agency shall sign a
MOU with the CEO, Zilla Panchayat. The MOU shall outline the responsibility
attributed to the implementing agency and the time frame within which it has to
be completed.

• The funds shall be released to the implementing agency in installments as shall

be described in the MOU. The first installment may be released as an advance.
The subsequent installment(s) shall be released only on satisfactory utilization of
the earlier installment.

• The members of the public will be advised to bring any irregularity in the
implementation of the project / work to the notice of the CEO Zilla Panchayat or
District Collector so that appropriate action can be taken.

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The district committee is chaired by the District Collector and has the following
• District Collector Chairperson
• CEO, Zilla Panchayat Dy Chairperson
• District Forest Officer
• District Education Officer
• Assistant Commissioner, Tribal
• Dy Director, Agriculture
• Dy Director, Veterinary
• Dy Director, Fishery
• Dy Director, Horticulture
• 5 Representatives from NGOs

The representatives from NGOs will have a tenure of 6 months and will be
nominated by the District Collector. Every individual will be permitted one
term only as representative from NGO.

Block Level Management Committee:

Block level credit revolving/ credit fund committee.

Village Level Management Committee:

Village level credit revolving/ credit fund committee.

Website, CPM and MIS

A website has to be created, which will give the background information for the
district, the district plan, results of the benchmark survey and the MIS which has been
developed. This would be updated on a weekly basis to show the progress the

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The programme would establish a computerised programme management

system (CPM) system to assist with planning, timely execution and monitoring of
programme activities. The CPM would have a detailed breakdown structure in which
tasks would be scheduled over the life of the programme and critical path networks
identified on an annual basis. Activities would be grouped according to the various
participating institutions that would be responsible for implementing them. The CPM
would permit milestones and targets to be established for each of the programme tasks
in terms of work completed, disbursements or expended time. Thus real progress could
be tracked against projected progress and delays and bottlenecks identified promptly.
In addition, a Management Information System (MIS) would be developed which
would focus on the rate of implementation against planned physical and financial
objectives as set out in the project. It would provide the data base for monitoring
programme performance and provide the essential inputs for the CPM.


Annual beneficiaries review, planning, and experience sharing
workshops/meetings would focus on procedural aspects of programme implementation,
the delivery capability of the programme partners and management ability of village
organisations, on identifying problems and shortcomings of the programme and agree
on corrective measures and/or changes. These workshops would be a forum for
soliciting opinions of beneficiaries and field staff, including NGO facilitators, on the
development approach, the performance of technical service providers and the
community organisations. Similarly, annual workshops of the SHGs would aim at
exchanging experiences with regards to the savings and credit activities as well as in
tackling the social issues most pertinent to a particular area. These workshops would
also assist in developing networks/clusters of SHGs that may federate or at least
network among themselves.


A Mid-Term Review would be undertaken towards Year 1 end. While undertaking the
MTR, evaluation mechanisms that allow all stakeholders including beneficiary
communities to participate, would be adopted.

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6.3.1 Benefits & Beneficiaries.

The programme would benefit about 1,19,200 households in about 1564 villages.
Since the programme is demand-driven, any estimate of production impacts is
only notional. Food grain availability at household level is expected to increase and also
of vegetables by various meats, fishes, etc. These increases are expected to fill the
critical gaps in the food security and also better price for product.


An Environmental Screening and Scoping (ESS) would be carried out during

evaluation process. Three of the key environmentally-related aspects of the programme
are integrated i.e. agriculture & irrigation, community-based NTFP management and the
encouragement of alternative income generating opportunities for the poor and
marginalized. These aspects can yield substantial environmental benefits.


Programme benefits may arise in numerous intangible ways as well. The

programme would be inculcating a strong savings habit among projected populations
and developing easily accessible community-based financial services, and by doing this
would reduce significantly the dependence of populations on local moneylenders. The
women's SHGs are expected to become the centre of credit activities highlighting the
management capability of women and enhancing the credibility of women as partners in
the development process. In addition, benefits may arise from reduced damages to
cropped land during heavy rainfall events from more irrigated agricultural land &
available agriculture inputs.

6.6 RISK
The programme has a number of risks.
1.Failure to strengthen the community institutions and develop responsibility for
management of development activities to the groups & communities would result in the
degeneration of the programme into a conventional tribal development programme. This

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risk has been reduced by laying emphasis on enabling the implementation of the
legislation and on the sensitization and training envisaged for various stake holders
including government staff.

2. Identification and careful selection of competent NGOs capable of building

local leadership capacity is a pre-requisite for the success of the programme. The
NGOs in the region, especially those in Chhattisgarh, are relatively inexperienced.
Programme design has recognised this weakness and has provided for substantial
capacity building of the NGOs and has introduced some flexibility in implementation

3. The programme represents an ambitious challenge to change the overall

development ethos in the backward areas. This involves changing relationships within
the development process and overcoming dependency attitudes of communities. Most
people have become overly dependent on Government subsidies while the proposed
programme expects beneficiaries contributions in practically all the activities envisaged.
This could be a risk for the programme. The inherent desire among population to
become self-reliant, complemented by strong awareness rising and capacity building
activities, is expected to mitigate this risk.
4. Most of the Forestry Officials at the top of the hierarchy are sensitive to the
needs to go beyond JFM, in involving communities in managing forest resources,
resistance may emerge from the lower rung staff. Sensitisation and training of the staff
at this level, as envisaged in the programme, should overcome some of these risks.
5. Risk would also arise from the failure to convince farmers of the merits of
confinement, at least partial for goats and total for pigs, when by tradition these animals
are allowed to roam freely. Beyond farmers education/advice, the promotion of
vegetable growing on residual moisture after cereal cropping will be an additional
incentive to confine all types of livestock, as vegetables are high sensitive to destruction
by scavenging animals.

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7.15 District Benchmark Surveys, Monitoring and Evaluation

By : (NGOs)
• To develop a database of benchmarks on the basis of district profiling of infrastructures,
socio-economic background, natural resources and other sectors.
• To develop monitoring indicator and mechanisms.
• To provide support services for effective implementation of the RSVY programs in the
Article I. Main Feature

1. District benchmark survey and research.

2. Management Information system development for monitoring, through Participatory Rural
Appraisal (PRA)
3. Technical input for RSVY programs
Expected budget : 500000 per year
Project duration : Three years

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Rashtriya Sam Vikas Yojana (RSVY)

State – Chhattisgarh APPENDIX – I

District - kabirdham

S.No. Scheme/roject Total Time Phasing of

requirement Required expendit ure
of fund for (in (One quartely
(Rs.In lakh) Month) basis)
1 2 3 4 5

1 Infrastructure 482.08 12 120.52

2 Livilihood Promotion & Capacity 0.00

(A) Livelihood 646.50 12 164.62

(B) Capacity Buiding & Training 77.00 12 19.25

© NGO's 12.00 12 3.00

Total 735.50 186.87

Maintanance 165.42 6 82.71

Extremism 112.00 12 28.00

Bench mark Survey / Monitoring 5.00 12 1.25

Gross Total 1500.00 419.35


Zila Panchay Kabirdham

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Sector : Road & Bridges

Programme : Rural Connectivity

Table- 7.4.1
Financial Quality (Rs. Lakh)
Centrally Past year Current Year-2 Year-3 Total
Sponsored/Central/state year New & New & outlay
Plan Schemes for rural (year-1) Continuin Continui
connectivity New & g Scheme ng
Continui Scheme
Appd. Actua Proposed Proposed Proposed
Outla l Outlay Outlay Outlay
y Expnd
Pradhan Mantri Gram
sadak Yojana 1695.89 1591.5 1351.69 3487.29 3600.00 10134.87
State Plan roadbridge 1366.55 812.93 1503.205 1653.52 1818.87 6342.145
schemes P.W.D.
Sampoorna Grameen 550.00
670.00 645.267 550.00 550.00 2320.00
Rozgar Yojana (SGRY)
Externally Aided
Project(s) (EAP)
Any other roadbribge
RSVY X X 405.00 200.00 200.00 805.00

Note: Outlays may be assumed at current years level or with 10 percent.

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Programme : Rural Connectivity

Table- 7.4.2
Physical Targets
Centrally Past year Current Year-2 Year-3 Total
Sponsored/Centra year New & New & Targets
l/state Plan (year-1) Continui Continuin
Schemes for rural New & ng g Scheme
connectivity Continui Scheme
Targets Achiev Targets Targets Targets

Road 121.6 89.1

PMGSY 72.93 160.90 165.90 520.43
Km. Bridge Km
Km. 83 Km. 354 Km. 154 Km. 720
143 143
State Plan
roadbridge Road 170.0
152.90 182.50 201.25 221.37 775.12
schemes P.W.D. Km. Bridge
Km 64 Km. 71 Km. 78 Km. 86 Km. 310
Road 257
134 119 Km. 100 Km. 100 Km. 576 Km.
Km. Bridge
Km 36 40 50 50 196
Any other
Road Road
Road 25 Road 112
X X 62 Km. 25Km.
Km. Km.
Bridge Bridge
Bridge 20 Bridge 79
39 20

* Unit must be specified in each case.

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Programme : Additional School Buildings/Class Room
Table- 7.4.3
Financial Outlay (Rs. Lakh)
Centrally Past year Current Year-2 Year-3 New Total
Sponsored/Centra year New & & Outlay
l/state Plan (year-1) Continui Continuing
Schemes for rural New & ng Scheme
connectivity Continui Scheme
Appd.Outla Actual. Proposed Proposed Proposed
y Outlay Outlay Outlay Outlay

Sarva Shiksha
121.00 45.5 262.75 262.75 262.75 909.25
Abhiyan (SSA)
State Plan
Schemes (11th.
Finance ) for
construction of 20.00 7.90 20.00 20.00 20.00 80.00
Grameen Rozgar 75.00 70.65 25.00 25.00 20.00 145.00
Yojana (SGRY)
District Primary
75.00 75.00 - - - 75.00
Externally Aided
- - - - - -
Project(s) (EAP)
Any other scheme
for school
- - - - - -
Building. class
RSVY X X 0 0 0 0

Note: Outlay may be assumed at current years level of with 10 percent annual increase.

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Programme : Additional School Buildings/Class Room
Table- 7.4.4
Financial Outlay (Rs. Lakh)
Centrally Past year Current Year-2 Year-3 New Total
Sponsored/Centra year New & & Targets
l/state Plan (year-1) Continui Continuing
Schemes for rural New & ng Scheme
connectivity Continui Scheme
Targets Achiev Targets Targets Targets

SSA 76 29 117 117 112 422

State Plan
Schemes (11th.
Finance ) for
construction of 2 - 2 2 2 8
SGRY 44 35 10 10 10 74
DPEP 75 75 - - - 75.00
EAP - - - - - -
Any other scheme
for school
- - - - - -
Building. class
RSVY 0 0 0 0 0 0

• Unit must be specified in each case

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