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For BS MS
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………
6 12 14 50 51
By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions.ALTAF ALI G. imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. Lahore. The world has turned into a global village. respective accreditation councils and stake holders. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. degree awarding institutions. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. DR. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. It also aimed to give a basic.). Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards.PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. R&D organizations. D773/76-JEA (cur. the Federal Government vide notification No.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic. and 36. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees. 63. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. dated December 4th 1976. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee. therefore. universities and other institutions of higher education. SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 . For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. PROF. It is. 2009 at the HEC Regional Center. and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years.
Abbreviations Used: NCRC. QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREP. EXP. R&D. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI. COL. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I PREP. UNI. OF NCRC. OF FINAL CURRI. REC. IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. PREP. OF DRAFT BY NCRC REVIEW IMPLE. LI R&D HEC Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. OF CURRI. UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRI. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRI. Preparation 5 .
April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head. Member 4. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. Karachi from 28-30. Dr. Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2. Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr.Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre. Dr. Member 5. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. Following attended the meeting:1. Lahore Member 6. Rawalpindi Dr. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. Member 6 . Dr. Rawalpindi Dr. Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall. 7. Member 3.
Dr. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9. Member 10. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. Member 15. Prof. Dr.8. Karachi Member 12. Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof. Dr. Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore. Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. Member 11. Dr. 7 . Dr. 13. Member 14. Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof. Member 16. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr. Dr. Prof.
Dr. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. 8 . the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. Member 20. Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. Mr. Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. Karachi. Member 19. The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. 2. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. Director of HEC Regional Center. Chairman. Secretary Dr. The meeting was opened by Mr. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. Islamabad coordinated the meeting. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement. 1. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. Mr. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. At first. Faisalabad Member 18. Dr.17. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr. Shafiq-ur-Rehman. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards.
The committee thanked Mr. Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 . environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. 3. The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment.3. The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities. The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. 6. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. 5. The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity. In last few centuries. 4. 1. Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. 2.
regional and global contexts. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility. Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 . Apply theoretical understanding. 5. This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii. Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i. This committee. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development. Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. ii. and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science. skills and behaviour patterns. in its preliminary meeting.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences. RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5.
5. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. 2. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level. skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes. 4. The 11 . The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English. Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature. DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee. eight semesters in the semester system. assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science. The medium of instruction. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i. with consensus. UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. Sc. The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2. 3. Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment.. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals.e. that: 1. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration. A. Integrating natural sciences. pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme. 1. 6.
SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1. English-II 12. Climatology* 23. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. Fundamentals of Ecology 20.proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. Biology –I* 3. Introductory Economics* 17. Psychology* . Environmental Pollution 22. Introduction to Environmental Science 2. Environmental Microbiology 21. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7. Biology –II* 9. Introduction to Earth Science 8. Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19. English-I 6. Introduction to Computer 14. Environmental Chemistry 15. English-III 18. Environmental Physics 16. Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13. The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order. Basic Chemistry* 4. Sociology/Anthropology* 11. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5.
Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours . ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37. Opt. ELECTIVE-III 42. Environmental toxicology 27. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28. Natural Resource Management 40. Environmental Impact Assessment 39. Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25. ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43. Environmental Biotechnology 32. Applied Ecology 26. Environmental Monitoring 36. 46. 44. 45. Climate Change 38. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31. Biodiversity & Conservation 35. Research Methods in Environmental Science 41. English-IV/ Univ. Environmental Management Systems 34. GIS & Remote Sensing 33.24. Environmental Economics 29. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30.
• Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical.
6th Ed.J. biological and social. and their relationships with various environmental factors.I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life. Environmental Science: working with the Earth. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment.A. The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms. D. 10th Ed. Major components of environment: physico-chemical. ethical. 2007. L.. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates. national. Thomson Learning. Different aspects of environment: physical. 4th Ed. current global. ecological. John Wiley & Sons. development in industry and agriculture. 4. poverty and resource depletion. Wright. E. environmental pollution. R. 2007 3. Miller. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts. Botkin. philosophical. Human environment and its problems: global. Schoch. R.T. socio-economic.L. urbanization. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society. B. & Yonavjak. proteins and nucleic acids. 15 . G. history. Recommended Books: 1. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. & Nebel. its importance in human life.B & Keller. Pearson Educational. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth.. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY . McKinney. M. 2002. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future. 2007. 2.M. regional.DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. Environmental Science: systems and solutions. lipids.
E. R. Molecular Biology through Questions. Ltd. chemical basis of life. polypeptides in protein diversity. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. 2. Canada. lipids. chemical diversity. Australia . carbonyls. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. protobionts. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning. 8th Ed. 1. Wadsworth Group. origin of metabolism. 16 . The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. amines). USA. carboxylic acids. The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry.. Cassimeris. 2007. 2007. carbohydrates. A. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. USA. the molecule of genetic information and replication. G. Plopper. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding. McGraw. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin.. New York. 2003. 3. proteins. N.Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life. and Lewis. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods. 1996. C. phospholipids in membrane systems. Cell division. 5. Lingappa. 5th Edetion. Lewis. and Whitelaw.. lipids. L. Introduction to cell biology. esters. Origin of life: chemical evolution. J. Shier. Structure and the basis of function. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. Crossley. Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell.. Biology: a Human Emphasis. D. Nucleic acids. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. Starr. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa. Cells. 4. 2008. R. covalent. coordinate covalent bond.. M. Aromatic compounds. USA. B. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus. Study of mitosis in onion root tip.Hill International Edition. Self Assessment and Revie. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. V. Bulter. Ionic.
W.A. Skoog. coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane. Solution chemistry. Liss.. 2nd Edition. straight line and related concepts. 2004. P. J. molal. Matrices and Determinants: Matrix. Measurement of pH. Jones and Barlett. West. Harris. Colloids chemistry. 4. UK. law of Cosines. COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry.. geometric and harmonic sequence. Cambridge University Press.. minor and cofactor of a matrix. Principles of Environmental Chemistry.K. Understanding Environmental Pollution. normal solutions/buffers. Algebra of matrices. Surface chemistry. 2004. Thin layer chromatography. 2004. real line. 17 . Qualitative Chemical Analysis. Jickells. and Holler..M.H. Osmosis and Dialysis. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations). 2. Blackwell Science. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles. M. USA. Column chromatography..S. Lab Work Preparation of molar. Canada. 5. 8th Edition. 2nd Edition. Recommended Books: 1. Freeman and Company. Brimblecombe. equations of lines (linear equations).. P. Thomson and Brooks. radicals. graphs. D. D.. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra. Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers. D. UK. values of trigonometric functions. determinants.. 2005. Sequence and series: Arithmetic. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula. concepts of six basic trigonometric functions.D. J. B. 2003. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane. T. Girard. Hill.C.E. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. and Reid.Special Products (Binomial Expression). expansion of determinants. double angle formulas. Andrews. EC and TDS in waste water. Photochemical reactions. 1st Ed. Binomial theorem (Simple applications). F. angle-sum formula. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. USA.J. 6th Edition. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional).. series and means.E.J. simultaneous equations and their solutions. Use of spectrophotometric techniques.ions. 3.
Addission. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. 4th Ed. erosion and related landforms. Integration: Formulas of integration. cleavages. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. 4. Narosa Publishing House. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation.. theorems on differentiation (sum. Smith. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. Scott Foresman and Company. 10th Ed. by parts integration (simple applications). Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. J. Analytical Geometry. Chain rule. Abraham. Weathering. 1999. Earth as a member of solar system. Introduction to folds. Introduction to rocks and minerals. 18 . igneous and metamorphic rocks. nonrepeated linear factors. its origin. R. COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure . weathering and erosion. L. age. Chatterjee. Pacific Grove. Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography. different earth processes like mountain buildings. K. lineation and unconformities.B.A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure . S. irreducible quadratic factors. D. faults. G. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors. Thomas. 3. earthquakes.. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. Recommended Books: 1. difference. composition and its internal structure.B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. earthquakes and volcanoes. and Finney. 2. New Delhi. California. Jr. the processes of their formation.Cramer’s Rule. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension. Fossils and their significance. This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals. joints. product and quotient rules without derivations). derivative of six basic trigonometric functions. Introduction to sedimentary.Wesley. plate tectonics. theorem of integration. foliation. mountain building. Trignometry for College students.
population loss and decline. Biodiversity of hilly areas. J. Biodiversity of deserts. examples of adjustments in varied environment. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification.. Tarbuck.. Prentice Hall: 2006. A. J. Lutgens. Routledge.. 3rd Edition. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation. 19 . E. D. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants. E. Biodiversity of canal. protocell formation. Foundations of Structural Biology. 11th Edition. Life in sea. Use of brunton compass and GPS. F. biodiversity crises. and Pun. and Tasa. Brooks/Cole. Lamarckism. invasion of life on land. Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology. K. animals). Geological time chart with biodiversity. 4. unicellularity. causes of extinction. Wicander. Prentice Hall. crucial for organisms’ sustainability. G. Tarbuck. D. J. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species.. Lutgens. and Tasa. 2007 3. Recommended Books: 1. 2004. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity. Physical Geology and Process of Science.. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps. 5th Edition. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat. Park.II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution. and Monroe.. 9th Edition.. Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. F. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories.. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms.. G. molecular basis of biodiversity. multicellularity. Darwinism. Prentice Hall. Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life. K. 5. different classification systems. How Does Earth Work. 2005. COURSE 8 BIOLOGY . 2007 2.Identification of rocks and minerals. Field Study tour. Smith. measuring biodiversity. interactions among diversified life. Earth Science. modern concepts. Geographical aspects of biodiversity. R. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. consequences of losing biodiversity. R. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis.
Recommended Books: 1. CA: AltaMira Press. K. 3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment. 2003. Nora and Wilk. 2009. 2009. C. Crumley. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. 3. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions. Contemporary environment issues and debate. Goals and expectations. culture and society. globalization and environmental issues. 20 . New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. I. Prospect Heights. Adam. (editors). 2000. New York: New York University Press. 3. and concerns.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. 2. Perspective of human-environment evolution. Allan & Carter. (editor). Routledge. 2001. Bradbury. IL:WavelandPress. Contemporary environmental status. 5th Edition. USA. UK. Hannen. Starr. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology. and Sustainable Living. Townsend.K. J. The Ecology of global consumer culture. Blackwell Science Ltd. Gaston.. 2. 2nd Edition. 2005. Understanding the environment-human relationship. The Biosphere. Biology. Inc. 4. K. COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure . Chronological. and Spicer. C. John Wiley and Sons. UK. I. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. R. 2006. P. Inc.E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems. Scope and application. Environmental Risks and the Media. L.. Consumption. Conceptualizing environment. Culture. Wadsworth Group. J. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. Biodiversity (An Introduction). power & hegemony. a Human Emphasis. UK. Use of environment for vested interest. Tripartite nature of environment. Walnut Creek.
software packages. Configurations. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion.H.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure . Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse. Long l. Operating system (Windows).. physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered.6th Ed. Course Outlines Definition. Selin.1999. Local Area Network. Long N. Hardware: Input Hardware. Fundamentals of computer. Courter. Software: Application software. e-mail.London 1996. Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures. G. 2003. Ed. Introduction to MS-Word. Types and classification of computers. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere. Rutledge.. system software. Recommended Books: 1. Milton. computer programs and basic applications.5. Ms-Excel. Kluwer Academic Publishers. COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure . 2. Storage hardware.Microsoft office 2000. After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry.BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment. as are their effects on the biosphere. Ms-Access. processing hardware. K. Ms-Power Point. output hardware.C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components. 21 . internet. Marquis A. 6.
. 2005. 5. Measurement and comparison of the 22 . India. 2008. Solids.E. Global climate and climatic change. Blackwell Science. Fundamentals of aquatic. COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter. Equations of fluid dynamics. Thomson-Brooks. Environmental impact of various industries.S.. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. 1999. Springer. P. Turbulence. Gaussian plumes in the air. 4. Particle physics. its causes and adverse effects on environment. USA. Fate of pollutants in environment..E. K. Samir. J. Miller. Banerji Prentice Hall of India. Isotopes and radioactive decay. Energy conversion. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. Ozone and UV light. Girard. G. 3. Liquids and Gasses. Recommended Books: 1. Sound and Noise.. Entropy. Chemical reactions. Heat radiation and heat transfer. Turbulent diffusion.. M. photosynthesis. Electromagnetic radiation. P.. 2. their sources and toxic actions.. Nuclear energy. Reducing the transmission of sound. Canada.Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry. A. Fregoso-Infante.G. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems. Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics. Ozone chemistry. 1st Edition. B.J.. Diffusion. trophic level.D. and Singh. J.M. Environmental Science. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer. Conversion of mass. C. 2004. Energy. Jickells. Liss.T. M. Human perceptions and noise criteria. Jones and Barlett. atmospheric and soil chemistry. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light. 2nd Edition. Radioactivity and nuclear physics. T. Environmental Chemistry.. Active control of sound. and Reid. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants. UK.. Germany. Basic acoustics. Brimblecombe. 2004. Transport of pollutants. interaction of light with matter. J. Hernandez-Esparza. Solar spectrum.. DoriaSerrano. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts. Andrews. Environmental Chemistry. Ibanez. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light. Turbulent jets and plumes.
population and environmental quality. USA. and Van Grondelle. and Pandis. Man environmental relationship. 2001. Physics of the Environment and Climate. C. economic growth and its measurement. M. Pakistan economic context: National income. Boeker. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. Economic management and environmental quality. Todaro. New York. Growth and Environment. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. Impact of economic activity on environment. S.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. concepts and measurement. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Field visit. Producer behavior. Economic functions of environment. interaction between ecology and economic management. Environmental economics. 3. World Bank Publications. Routledge. R. USA. Wesely Publishers. Yusuf.1998. 4. 2001. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. Guyot. producer and community point of view. economic progress. Natural resources and the economy. N. Economic Development. Recommended Books: 1. Praxis publishing. Seinfeld. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods. UK. G. economic growth. 2. Measures for sustainable development. and Resource allocation. J. Smith. Growth and development. 2006. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. USA. Environmental Physics. Introductory Environmental Physics. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. USA.Economic development. P. Course Outlines Introduction to economics. COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. 2. H. Recommended Books: 1. S. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter. poverty. 7th Ed. E. 23 . Kentucky USA. economic welfare and difference among all.. 2008. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. Sustainable development. John Wiley and Sons Inc. 2008. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development.
Ecology. water. Portland 1967. Natural philosophy. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. community. Frodeman. N.3. Recommended Books: 1. 24 . The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy. branches of ecology. 2008. description of population. population. J. Swift. World Bank Publications... biogeography. concepts and approaches. England. DeVeer.. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. role of light. Course Outlines Introduction. Shogren. World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale. USA. 2008. 2002. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. 2. soil. Introduction to ethical theory. community and ecosystem. Environmental philosophy and ethics. 3. D. Kessinger Publishing. 4. USA. 4. SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology. 2007. the ethics of soil. LLC. A History of Western Philosophy. C. Touchstone Books. COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure .V. ethics and ecology. Environmental Critics of agriculture. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. 2009. WCIV7AA. J. and systems ecology. & Pierce. temperature. levels of ecological organization. International Thomson Publishing. Economics.A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems. B.. Ecosystem and its types. B. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy. its fundamental concepts. Hanley. B. Palgrave Macmillan. species. Farmington Hills.A. and White. Russell. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy. M. Callicott. London. R.
Lab Work 25 . New Delhi. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea. King’s College London. 6th Ed. Population distribution and abundance. Ecology (concepts and applications. landscape ecology. productivity of different ecosystems. G. New York. M C J 1st ed. UK. ecological modeling. Concepts of Limiting factors. Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. role and application of microorganisms in the environment. Biomes of the world. Dash.L and Reiss. Ecosystem: structure and function. COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment. 3. various concepts of community. After completion of this course. 2001 5. 2. with special emphasis on their environmental impact. E P. biotic factors.W. B. and Barett. 2004. aquatic microbiology. Fundamentals of Ecology. landscape changes and their importance. 1st Ed.Cox. 1992. distribution limits. Recommended Books 1. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. characteristics of urban. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). M. UK. bacteria and eukarya. P. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. Systems ecology. Thomson Brooks/Cole. habitat and niche. Fundamentals of Ecology. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. agricultural and industrial ecosystems. J.topography and air as ecological factors. M J. Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. 2000. 1999 4. N. WCB/McGraw-Hill. aero-microbiology and food microbiology. Tata McGraw-Hill. and S. 5th Ed. community dynamics. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems. Populations. plant geography and animal distribution. J. Chapman. Microbial metabolism. C. Odum.) Moles. and More. Cambridge University Press. Ecology (principles and applications). carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. C. Microbiology of terrestrial environments. students will be able to understand the significance. Biogeochemical cycles of C. population dynamics.
L.A.L. J.Gerba. D. Knudsen. USA. F. transportation & treatments. USA. and Klein. Environmental Pollution and Control. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution. and Stetzenbach. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology.B.W. Sylvia. Effects of Pollutants.. Recommended Books: 1. and Gerba. McInernery. Washington DC. Academic Press. M.R.J. Prescott. Environmental Microbiology. isolation. USA.M. Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents. Water.Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection. Cambridge UK. J. I. Collection.K.J.P.. Human & other living organisms.F. 3. P. A. 26 . R. (Elsevier) USA. 3.. peppor. Mean plate count.V.P. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual.. UK. Pepper. Maier. M. Marine & Industrial pollution. Dilution plate technique. 2002.I.. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally. D.A. D. L.. Hill. Manual of Environmental Microbiology.L. J. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water. Cambridge University Press. 2005. G.and Vesilaind. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution. and Jeffery.M.M. 2nd Edition. Peiece.. Crawford. L.J.J. 5.and Brendecke. New Jersey.. Soil.D. McGraw Hill Inc. its sources and their effects. Pollution Control Strategies. 4. R. Academic Press. Case Studies.. USA. Recommended Books 1. Fate of Environmental Pollutants.. W.. P. nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution.1998. Harley. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal. Solid Waste generation. 2 Edition. Academic Press. purification and preservation. Microbiology.J. 2009. Weiner. Hartel. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic.P. Fuhrmann. 2005. Prentice Hall. Butterworth-Heinemann. American Society for Microbiology. 2. 1995.C. 2. London. 2007. and Zuberer. C. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines.A. 2005. Noise. International Protocols (BASAL Convention). 4th Edition... Hurrst. Understanding Environmental Pollution. USA.G. C. Types of Environmental pollution: Air.
Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided. Pandis. 2006 5. Marcel Dekkar. Royal book company. Four Spheres of the Earth. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology.. Environmental psychology. 2002. The climate of Pakistan. Surface winds.. Factors affecting air Pressure. global circulation. 6th Edition. 2003. Climatology. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics .. Sadder. Weather and Climate.J. Karachi.E. Shamshad. air pressure. COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems. Radiation and climate. 27 . The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan. The Atmosphere.M. 3. Austin Miller. N. 1992. Spyros. Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). American Public Health Association (APHA). Methods of psychology. John H.2nd Editions. A.F. A brief historical background and schools of psychology. John Wiley and Sons. Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere. Cambridge University Press. K. The Hydrologic cycle. Cloud Classification. The Physics of Atmospheres. 4. local winds. processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications. Houghton J. Mechanism of heat transfer. Recommended Books: 1.K. Solar radiations. 5. Heat and the Earth's atmosphere.W. 1988.4. Lawrance K. concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. Lutgens. . condensation and cloud Formation. 2.. Tarbuck. Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater.From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. climatic zones of Pakistan. COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere.
CRC Press. Sustainable agricultural practices. Recommended Books: 1. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. techniques and methods of restoration. 2. Routledge. Environmental Psychology. P.A. Ecological restoration. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture. carbon dioxide and global climate change. Fisher J.W. soil resources of Pakistan. Routledge. species response to pollutants. concepts. and Baum A. 28 . 5th Edition. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives.. Ecology of food production.characteristics and research methods. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine. soil salinity and water logging.C. Fundamental of Psychology. sustainable agriculture. Restoration of derelict lands. limitation of irrigated agriculture. soil erosion and conservation. rivers. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Course Outline Introduction. 2001. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts. Water and distribution of species. Soil as a natural resource. Bell. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. energy and carbon balance. threats and mitigation.D. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan. Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. Future water scenario of Pakistan. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species. Environmental perception and cognition. 1992. Water as an ecological resource. Sustainable livestock management practices.. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. CRC Press. London. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change. their management and ecological restoration. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. High population density and psychological impacts. Pollution control through Ecology. Greene. solar radiation and primary production. Eysenck. Background and scope. M. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. London. COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. T.
E. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures. Newman. 3. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications. Shirkat Gah. soil and air samples. Margaret A. 5. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic. and Memon. A. 1996. Organs. 29 . Soil Science. R. D. Rashid. Determination of chemicals in biological samples. and Hobbs. Peshawar. Odum E. J. Potentiation and Addition. 2000 2. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. J.P. B. 2006.Recommended Books: 1. 2nd ed. Foundations of Restoration Ecology. Chemical interactions and their types. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water. Islamabad.W. on human and other living organisms. Synergism. University of Peshawar. water and soil.National Book Foundation. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. P.S. Studies in Pakistan Geography. Fundamentals of Ecology.. Pakistan’s Environment. terminologies: Poisons. 4. Blackwell Scientific Publications. Immunological considerations in toxicology. 1989. Island Press. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways.I. COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals.. 2004. K and Habib. in vivo & in vitro assays.A. A. dose response relationship in living organisms. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents.1998. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History. toxins vs toxicants. from natural and anthropogenic sources. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. Thomson Brooks/Cole. K. their containment and control strategies. biological effects. Falk. toxicology of chemicals. Oxford. and Barett. USA. Mumtaz. Lahore.. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system. toxicity screening using microbial systems. Israr-ud-Din. Zedler. 5th Edition. Determination of Interaction of chemicals. toxins & toxicants. G. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. Toxicity: Types and its measurement..
USA. education. COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development. Recommended Books 1. 1st Edition. W. (ed.1 & 2. McGrawhill. industry.). economic development and the environment. Vol. 3. major ecosystems. W. 1st Edition. Recommended Books: 30 . 1993. 1992. measuring environmental benefits. Ballantyne. USA. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann. General and Applied Toxicology. 1996.D. Environmental Profile of Pakistan. Klassen.Science of Poisons . culture. the economy and the environment. people. health. CRC Press Llc. the economic benefits of different environmental resources.2005 2.. Macmillan Press Ltd. the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements. Course Outlines Introduction. water resources. P. M.Recommended Books 1. T and Turner. USA. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology. topographic zones. international trade and the environment. 2005 2. Hughes. First and Second law of Thermodynamics. Government of Pakistan. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis. geography. urbanization and pollution. 5th Edition. Economic: agriculture. land. Course Outlines Introduction to history. 1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development.M. B. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement. Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. 3. clean development mechanism. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York. State of the Environment-Pakistan . Williams. economic aspects of different environmental problems. Ecological: ecological zones. pollution control-a general model.
Collingwood. 6th Edition. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. B. Freeman & Co... 2005. 1993. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples. D. Sample collection. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery. CSIRO Publ.. Fluoride. Holler. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling. Sparrow and D. Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH. 3. Reuter. M. and F. J.R. K. Australia. 1999.L.K.D. COD. 2. Pearce. Johns Hopkins University Press. preparation and storage. Standard solutions and standard curves. All Solids. Peverill. 2000. Analytical techniques for soil. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve. COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. Biomarkers in environmental assessment. 31 . Oxford. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. Kolstad. 3.and Field. Turner. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction. D. Environmental Economics: An Introduction. C. D. soil (NPK and organic matter contents. 2003. and derived S. handling.A..2002. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive. Data interpretation for quality control. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual. and Batemen. 8th Edition. C. Harris.UK. West. Skoog. 4. I. BOD. Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory. A.I. 2..I. Spectroscopy and Chromatography. Gravimetery. Conductivitymetry.J.1. M. New York. NO3–N & NH4-N). A Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Lab Work S. Environmental Economics.W. D.. precision and accuracy. Conductivitymetry. Recommended Books: 1.K.2004. L.C. Titrimetery. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin. units. salinity & sodicity). water and plant analysis. USA. Use of Potentiometery. Thomson and Brooks. Oxford University Press. Field. Gravimetery. Titrimetery. Sample preservation methods.
2. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms. Oxford University Press. Course Outlines Introduction. purification and preservation of DNA. New York. (ed.COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments. Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques. Biomarkers. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment. Wiley-VCH Verlag. Introduction to microbial kinetics. National Biosafety Guidelines. 2005. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques. Chichoster. J. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd. Tools in environmental biotechnology.. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual.D.P. 2005. and Russel. Environmental Biotechnology.). Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. J. Derbre. Smith. 3. PCR.1999. 2009. Sambrook. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. J. After completion of this course. Recombinant DNA technology. USA. D.W. students will be able to understand the significance. 2nd Ed. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures.. USA. Biotechnology. England. A. Scragg. Government of Pakistan. Cambridge University Press. Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems. Hans- Joachim. National Biotechnology Commission. Isolation. 5th Ed. 2007. New York. W. Bioreactors.living organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution. Germany. 2001. Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants. COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 . Biosensor. and application of biotechnology in the environment. 4.E. USA. Recommended Books 1. and Josef.
A. 2000. History and data collection. Rancez. Harvey. A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. Aerial photography. Data acquisition. 1999. Lulla. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. Using and reading GPS in field. John Wiley and Sons. V. R. integration of information from many sources. Interpretation. Satellite Imageries. John Wiley and Sons. 2008. 2000. eradication of the duplicated data. Inc. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1. 4. Z. Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. 2009. Introduction to Photogrammetry. 3. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). Fishery and wildlife. COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . Data entry and output. analysis and output. Energy Sources. Jensen. Image Processing. Dessinov. Introduction to GIS. history and platforms. map projection and coordinate systems. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences.Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. F. Preparation of thematic maps. Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. Guilfoud press New York. Inc. Active and Passive remote sensing. Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. Pearsons Education. Cartography. Mc Graw Hill Education. 2. Inc. Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. Forestry. Different types of maps. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. 5. Types of data used in GIS. Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. advantages and limitations of process. Campbell. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). K and L. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. Agriculture. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission.
). Related Environmental legislation. B. 2001. COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. M. need and approach. animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan. principles of Cleaner production. Environment and sustainable development. etc. Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1. Methods of environmental protection. Conservation of biodiversity. M.. 3. WWF Pakistan. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS). and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production. eco-design. economic. philosophical. Environmental aspects and impacts. F. types of biodiversity.2nd Ed. Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor. standards and guidelines.3rd Edition . Environmental Economy. Khan. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. hot spots of biodiversity. threats to biodiversity and its conservation. International Organization for Standardization. Environmental Management Systems Principles. Course Outlines Introduction. ecological.C. 2. social and ethical values of biodiversity. 34 .. Systems and Support Techniques. Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles. American Society for Quality.. and Yoxon. 2006. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR).This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits. 2005. Certification of EMS. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. threats to biodiversity. and Qasim. 4. Environmental Management tools. Sheldon. alpha and beta diversity. 1998. Michigan. cleaner technologies. A. plant. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management. American Society for Quality.
chemical addition. refrigeration and freezing methods. in-situ and ex-situ conservation.. international agreements. national and international laws and regulations. Biogeography.. plants. NOC for plant operation.D. community and ecosystem level. 2000.conservation at species. ecotourism. Rawalpindi. Mirza. role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan. 2ndEd. cities. their categories.R.B. C. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan. Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures. croplands. 3. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques.. Lab Work Sampling techniques (air. Sunderland. Legal protection of species. and Morre. Preservation methods including pH control. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme. water. Publ. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment. London. management. role of traditional knowledge in conservation. quality control sampling. Z. forests. soil and living organisms. field custody. Quality assurance and quality control. design and types of samples. conservation and livelihood. A Primer for Conservation Biology.B. Sinauer. conservation strategies. Recommended Books: 1. laboratory custody. habitats.B. presampling requirements/information. Kings College. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. conservation in man-made ecosystems. 2000. Associates Inc. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring. sampling and design purposes. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring. Lahore). Cox. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples. Considerations. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes. P. population. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan. Saad Printers. Conservation of wildlife. 1998. P. quality assessment. Course Outlines Introduction. 35 . protected areas. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. EIA requirement. air.e. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. 2.
USA. 3. New York.1999. McKlivie. USA. UK. Tokyo. and social factors contributing to climate and global change. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course. human health. Earth Observation of Global Change. Regional droughts and 36 . S. Chapman and Hall.. 2008. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. D. 2nd Edition. USA. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change. D. Air Pollution and Acid Rain. N. Murai. Environmental Chemistry. L. Keith. Moisture in the Atmosphere. 2008.. 2. 2000. and Guethner. phenological changes.1996. Peakall. Human responses to potential climate change. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. Physical. Environmental Monitoring Handbook.USA. 2002. Patterns in Winds and Pressure. Ozone depletion. Japan Association on Remote Sensing. Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change. COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change. Korte. Energy and Temperature. 6. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1.) McGraw-Hill. 7. . 8. regional. S. 1992. its causes and effects. I. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts. The Measurement of Climate Change. chemical. 2002. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention. F. Lewis Publisher London. R. Chuviero. biological. Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate. Remote Sensing Note. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data. Precipitation. E. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. 5. Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. H. extinctions. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide.Recommended Books: 1. (eds. agriculture. Forstner U. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. E. Burden. (ed) Springer. altered community structure. Manahan. Recent Climate Change Indicators.
Effects. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. 37 . Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment. solids. Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems. Routledge. liquid. J. and Solutions. Effects. Recommended Books: 1. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems.A. 2004. John Wiley & Sons. Main stages in EIA process. and Chadwick. R. EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan.O. J. review of EIA quality. Earthscan Publication Ltd. social impact assessment (SIA). possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. Climate Change . project implementation and follow up. D. National Book Foundation. London. A.. 6. and Solutions. (ed. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts. Petts. mitigation and impact management. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. public involvement. and noise. Islamabad. 2. Hardy.. scoping. overview. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice. Cost and benefits of EIA.Causes. 1999.). Keith. J. A. 1986. J. 2000. Types & Resources to produce Energy. EIA project management. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels. Therivel. Harrop. Sringer. 5. Global Warming and Climate Change. role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis. screening. Hardy. law. COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project. Oxford. Islamabad. 3. 1994.(ed). John Wiley & Sons.. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach.. 2005. 2005. 1st Edition.. 2003. T. Global Change and the earth system. 4. J. London.T. Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2). reporting.Causes. 4. 2003. Climate Change . & Nixon.cataclysmic climate change. and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction. Glasson... principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society. 3. 2. Houghton. 2005. Blackwell. Recommended Books: 1. impact analysis. Ministry of Housing and Works. decision-making to implement the project.
national agriculture policy. management options. requirement. H. United Nations Environment Programme. management options. Ludwig.. 2002. Types. Development of Management Plan: needs.. 38 . and Tu. their current status and threats. Carpenter. best available option for future. agriculture chemicals. (ed. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy. Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual. 6. occurrence and distribution of natural resources. R.5. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. forest types and its existing management.). M. national example. wildlife census. & McCabe. J. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. B. solar power..B and Warren. Asian Development Bank. USA. Recommended Books: 1. S. John Willey & Sons. F. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. effective management. methodologies. their pros and cons. limitation in the future. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia. causes and methods for its improvement. Conservation in Progress. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. Everitt. 1997. 1993. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources. Goldsmith. 2nd Edition. existing management approaches. B. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. Evans. wind power and nuclear power. threat and its causes. Lohani. national and provincial legislation. COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification.. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources.. Rangeland Management: existing status. New York. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level. Watershed management: Importance basic principles. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area. threats. agriculture products and their share in GDP. importance. problem in agriculture.. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level. process and contents of the management plan. R. Sadler. A..
Inference based on findings. Bibliography. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice. Material Methods. Selecting the Research Method. concepts and terminologies. 39 . and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. W. Scientific Research: Science. population and sampling frames.Amsterdam. Environmental Conservation. Methodology. Questionnaire.F. P. and Jorqensen.. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. Search Engines. USA.E.A pre-requisite for Research. Dasmann. John Wiley & Sons. Scientific Methods. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design. Research Proposal: its importance . Sage CA. How to put things together? Introduction. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Experimental Research. Interviews. R. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods. Literature Search: Database. to introduce students to research design. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem. S. research methods. 1992.1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study. 4. Review of Literature. Sampling: the logic of sampling. Thousand Oaks. Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf. Elsevier. Surveys. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically. 5. Review of Literature. GOP and IUCN. types of sampling design/. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. Objectives. J. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data. Case Studies. Islamabad. 2007. & Plano Clark. V. Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison). New York. 3. 1990.2.L. Research Design & Research Methods. London. Hansen. Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. 1984. Creswell.E.
regulations made there under. S.Harrad. Writing Science Through Critical Thinking.. Recommended Books: 1. Diamon. 6. Wadsworth Publishing Company. Robert Yin. John and sons Ltd. USA. The Craft of Research by Wayne C. 1997. National Conservation Strategy 5. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act. Univ. Survey Research Methods. 2003. M. 2003. Sage Publishers. National Environmental Policy 4. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers. 5.Batty. Students project in Environmental Science. Booth. England. E. R. Government of Pakistan 3. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans.2. 2nd Edition. 3. Chichester. Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. 2000. and Arhonditsis.. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan.S. 2008. Belmont California.. 2001.. G. Babbie. 4.USA. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance. Law Books House. 1997. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 . 3rd Edition. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development. 2001 and the rules of business made there under. Marilyn F.h. of Chicago Press. Moriarty. Qadar. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan. 1989. SNBP Local Government Ordinance. USA. 2.
This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45
POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46
RESEARCH PROJECT/ INTERNSHIP
E-I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY
To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,
5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.
water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan. I. Islamabad. groundwater exploitation. J. 2006. 6. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan. 3. improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency. virtual water. P. wetlands resources management. fisheries management.. and Malik. A. C. pollution aspects.. Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization. Recommended Books: 1.). hydrological cycle. 1993. Course Outlines Water resource and its management. Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant. Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. 2003. Briscoe. N. Pakistan . precipitation distribution in Pakistan.. Oxford University Press Karachi. Mirajuddin Publication . flood and droughts. water supply and demand management measures.E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan. watershed/catchment. 44 . U.. Ahmed. O. it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects. Bengali. (eds. Groundwater Resources of Pakistan. The Politics of Managing Water. R. Indus Water Accord 1991. Oxford University Press New Delhi.. A. and Qamar. 2006. Asia Printer. A. SDPI Oxford University Press.. and Tortajada. water quality and quantity aspects. Pakistan.1993. R. Mirajuddin Publication . Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia. integrated water resources management (IWRM). like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc.. tubewells.Varis. Lahore. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment. with drinking water facilities like springs. Cheema.K. N. climate change and its impacts on our future water resources. Islamabad. flood and drought management. 5.). 2.Lahore. recycling and re-use of wastewater. 4. (ed. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry. Khan. Biswas. K. Revised & enlarged edition. Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT). Ahmed. 2005.
Upper Saddle River. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization. Course Outlines Introduction. transport. Soil buffering capacity and its importance. soils. the salient features of urban environments. After completion of this course. Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. Prentice Hall. R. 2007. NJ. urban flora and fauna. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. D. E. Process and outcome.C.R.W. Islamabad. 1996. Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils. Soil Science. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. R. urban patterns and ecosystem functions.. 2007. Causes of urbanization. Hillel. and Bantel. San Diego. N. USA. Soil degradation. Urban ecosystem. urban settlements. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. PrenticeHall.. D. urbanization in Pakistan. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. CA. Definition. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. humans as components of urban ecosystems.T. Upper Saddle River. USA. Urbanization. Pakistan. 45 . Gardiner. Course Outlines Introduction. hydrological processes. Bashir. 1. urban landscapes characteristics. R. Cation and anion exchange. 2008. Forms of urbanization. residential mobility and the neighborhood change. National Book Foundation. 11th Edition. future of urban centers. Brady. Types and properties of parent materials. USA. Physical and chemical properties of soil. Academic Press. NJ.E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. and Weil. Soil forming minerals. urban political ecology. Soils in Our Environment. management and green productivity. Miller. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. Factors and processes of soil formation. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations.
Alberti. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. CRC Press LLC.1990. 1.L. Scope. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area. Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments. UK. 2006. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level. Smith. New trends in planning and city management. UR. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city. 4. nature and purpose of urban planning. Penguin Group. Recommended Books: 1. London. 2000. The Ecology of Urban Habitats. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems. S. Routledge. M. SBS academic publishing.and Maser. The planning process. 3. D. J. A..Recommended Books: Urban Ecology.and Kowaril. 2. USA. Hague. Hough. C. Gilbert. E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. H. USA. London. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability.. 2. Ward. Routledge.. M. 2009. Springer. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. Types of Urban Plans. Hejny. 5. Justification for planning for city management. Planning and Urban Change. Levels of planning.. nd 2 Edition. UK. City Design for Sustainable Development. Sukopp. UK. SAGE Publications Ltd. 2004. Elements of urban planning. Planning and its relationship with other professions. O. Kate. I. Silberstein. Chapman and Hall. S. Principles of planning. Land use planning theories. Planning theories and concepts. The Works: Anatomy of a City. 2007. 46 .S. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans. 1989. New York.. V. 2004. Aims and Objectives of planning.
Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made. and Woodrow. New York.B. Longman Group. 2. Boulder . 1989. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). Different approaches and Indicators.. 47 . National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. Paris. D. 4.3.F.. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum.. Westview Press. 2nd Edition. Prediction. 1986. International phenomenon. New York. Flooding. Manila. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies. R. Ministry of Housing and Works. Techniques and methods to assess hazard. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research. 1993.W. Earthquake. Kates.W. Natural cycles and their role. The Environment as Hazard Burton I. Cultural factors. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. H.. 1991. Political factors. M. E&UA Div.UNESCO. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies. i. and White G. Disaster Management Trainings and Policies. Clara. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures. Disaster as an opportunity for development. The Guilford Press. Socio-economic factors. P. ADB.e. 1993. It discusses a wide range of aspects. Earthquake Management. 1993. Natural Disasters Alexander.. 4. Government of Pakistan.. Hazards. Disaster Management: Components of management. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches. G. Flood Management: Organizational Role. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N. It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. Introducing Town Planning. Physical factors. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms. Landslide. Recommended Books: 1. UK. Chapman & Hall..J.. Islamabad. Role of Media in Disaster Management. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development. 3.
Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. biomass resources.W. A. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources. Disasters and Development Cuny. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources. decomposers. Ecological concept in crop and food production.M. Schoch. Deforestation for agricultural purposes. USA. New York. Westport. energy resources of Pakistan. alternate energy resources. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. 2007. 2. Biotic structure. D. local. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. Sustainable livestock management. and Mushkatel.. consumers. 4th Edition. John Wiley and Sons. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation. Quorum Books. Paris. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems. 2007.B and Keller. F. sustainable energy management. and Yonavjak. energy resources. types. Botkin. Farming practices for pests and weeds control. R. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals. McKinney. hydropower. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem. uses.C...5. environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources. primary producers. Phytoremediation and bioremediation. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet.L. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment. Consumer and producer relationship. solar. Perry R. 3. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life. 6th Edition. Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem.A. Course Outlines Energy-development and environment. 48 . 1983. M. 1984. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. L. 2001.H. 6. OECD/IEA. merits and demerits of wind. E. 1. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. Agroecology.
H. 1990.G. and Rossel. Kapur. Corol. Study of stratification and profile diagram. 2000.A.Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram. P. Yandermeer J. CBS Publishers and Distributors. R. M.R. USA. 1995. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species. Study of index of diversity. McGraw Hill Publishing Company. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture.Determination of density and abundance of plant species.M.P. and Sudha. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity. Westview Press. India. Agrocology. Altreri.. Recommended Books: 1. Experimental Plant Ecology. 2. New Delhi. New York. E-11 Seminar 49 . USA. Boulder. 3. C.
The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science. 4. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. availability of the faculty and other facilities.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science. 5. it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor. that: 1. 3. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization. The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions. 50 . the Committee agreed on the following principles. 2. The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines.
20. 5. 16. The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. 11. 24. 2. 4. 8. 2. 7. 8. 14. 9. 3. 4. 15. 10. 10. 7. 21.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 . 19. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 12. 5. Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. 26. 11. 18. 22. 6. 17. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. 9. 13. 25. 6. 3. 23. 12.
and Jorqensen. Islamabad.1995. Hodder and Stoughton.A.T. 4. Treaties. GOP and IUCN. Geography of Pakistan.F. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan. Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space. Mackenzie J. 3. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling. Conservation Strategies. Amsterdam. Hansen. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems. WCS.. D.1994.E. London. technology and resource use. London Black Stone Press Ltd. Carrying capacity and sustainable development. 3. Instruments and methods. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall. Khan K... F. development of concepts. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences. Oxford University Press..E. Mackenzie. 52 .S. 1987.DETAILS OF M. Karachi. and Bell. FURTHER READINGS 1. 2nd Edition. Draft National Environmental Policy. 1992. 2.1991. P. Provincial and Local Strategies. S. Money. Regional and International Environmental Issues. Oxford University Press. Environmental control Policies. 2.. Relationship of culture. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan. Conventions and Protocols in Global. Environment People and Economy. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. 1991. S. Ball. Recommended Books: 1. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management.1994. S. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). NCS. status of Terrestrial. Elsevier.
Assessment of environmental impacts. Environmental Chemical Analysis. Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. sampling rules. 2. A. A one Publishers Lahore. 3. Principles of physical. DC. Wood. Longman House. Burnt Hill. Washington. F & Bronstein. process. WB. Wastewater. Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). procedures and methods of EIA. Ed. ed.A. K. 1995. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). C. Demographic impact assessment. Harlow Essex. Air and Solid Waste. Recommended Books: 1. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants. COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. sample collection and preservation. World Bank. Environment Department. 1993. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. Longman Scientific and Technical. History. role and importance. Recommended Books: 1. Chichester.. Ministry of Environment. Case Studies and review.Vanclay. ecological impact assessment. Environmental and Social Impact assessment.COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. UK. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery. D. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements. Cost benefit analysis of projects. Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Ahmed. England. 2. Government of Pakistan. 53 . economic impact assessment. Gas Chromatography etc. Sectoral guidelines for EIA. John Wiley & Sons. 1995. social impact assessment. FURTHER READINGS 1. opportunities and issues. Environmental auditing.
. COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems. Public health concept. New York. 4. Lippmann. Prentice Hall International Inc. Project Initiation. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. J. 2002. safety techniques. feasibility study. 2nd Ed. 1997. B. T. Oxford University Press New York. Reasons for Project success or failure. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic. Caeneross. principles and practices. 1st Ed. 54 . assumptions. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. T. USA. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne. Nebel. Wiley Interscience. 1993.. indicators. Project Management Institute. means of verification. London. inputs. activities. Government Policies and Programs. economic evaluation. 1992. Meredith J. Defining Project objectives. 3. and Guidotti. MS Project Recommended Books: 1. 2. Mantel s.2000. Project Management: A Managerial Approach. 2001. and Wright. 5. Accident prevention and safety plans. S. T. Planning Commission Performas.. 1998. Resource Mobilization. prevention and control.. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. Writing Project Proposal. A Guide to Project Management. USA. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. outputs. L. K. development objectives.. M/S Banarsid. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Project Life Cycle. Park. Need identification. Ergonomic and Safety. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. de Kok.. 1st ed. 2. Occupational Health: problems and issues. Project Planning. Primary health care services. Kjelllström. UK. food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. Inc. M.. Yassi. Project Planning and Approval Processes. Recommended Books: 1. T. R. air borne. specific objectives.. R. 1st Ed. Environmental Health Engineering. John Wiley and Sons. A.COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project. J. Basic Environmental Health.. work breakdown structure. Van Nostrand and Reinhold.
St Luise Press. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms. transport. gas. uses. Environmental auditing. Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. and Yonavjak. 3. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. 3. hydropower. non-renewable and renewable. Related Environmental regulations. energy resources of Pakistan. nuclear) local. Botkin. petroleum. Paris. L. types.B and Keller. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor. sustainable energy management for agriculture. R.COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. OECD/IEA. Paris. principles and elements of the process of EMS.A. industry and domestic sectors. alternate energy resources. Principles of cleaner production. data collection and interpretation. Switzerland. 55 . energy resources. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). merits and demerits of wind. USA. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. 4. 2007. 4th Edition. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. John Wiley and Sons. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. Environmental Auditing. McKinney. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. 1998. Sayre. ISO Central Secretariat. solar. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. Recommended Books: 1. 6th Edition. 2. E. bio-energy resources. 1990b. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. 2. Sources of data. D.M. Michigan-January 2001. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Schoch. 2007. M. Recommended Books: 1. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal. D. 2001. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management. ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family.L..
management and restoration. 56 . global aspects of plant ecology. types of climate change models. UK. D. Oxford.). Introduction to Plant Population Biology. Hardy. K. 2005. climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. John Wiley & Sons. and Solutions. Blackwell Publishing. Chichester. plant conservation. Modeling of climate change. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. Hardy. 1st Edition. Climate Change . survival and extinction. ED. 2004.T. resources and plants. & Charlesworth. Maarel. Life history strategies of plants. types and their climatic effects.. E. London. Species richness. competition and coexistence. plant invasions. Springer. Oxford UK. 3. forests.Causes. water resources. vegetation dynamics. Warrick. 1. J. Green House Gases. 5. B & Jager. Climate change and food production. COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. Effects. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. 2005. 2005. Silvertown. J.D. and Solutions. etc. 4. UK 1991.Causes. T. E & Muller-Hohenstein. 2. geographical and temporal patterns. Shulze. Berlin. The Green House Effect. human activities and vegetation dynamics. Beck. Climate Change . 2003. ECOPE 29. Earthscan Publication Ltd. 2. Recommended Books: 1. Plant population dynamics. Climate Change and Ecosystems. Blackwell Publishing. John Wiley & Sons.. (Ed.COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. John Wiley & Sons. Effects. 2003. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. 2005. 3. Plant Ecology. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. Recommended Books: 1. J. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. D. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics. Vegetation Ecology Ed. Houghton.
E. 1986. Roberts. Wildlife of Pakistan. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan. B. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation. 2002. 3. types. Robinson. Inc. & Spicer. 1973 2. 57 . The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. Cambridge. Extinction of species. Recommended Books: 1. & Ripley. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali.B. status. Oxford. their types and role in conservation. Protection and restoration of species. biological diversity. J. Blackwell Publsihing.(2nd Ed. deforestation and its control. management. distribution and management. UK. Forests. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity. Consumptive. Weddell. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. Protected areas in Pakistan.COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction. 1998. 2002. Oxford. Rangeland management. II). their ecological and economic importance. T. UK. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. Mcmillan. Protected areas.J.J. distribution. Biodiversity: An introduction. Threatened animals and plants. Publishers Sunderland. Oxford University Press. USA. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management. Oxford. Oxford University Press.D.A. its causes. 1992. kinds.J. 2004. 5. Cambridge. London. 3. Oxford University Press. S. S. their importance.) Gaston. And Bolen. Sinauer Assocaites. R. types. habitats and ecosystems. 1984. 2. COURSE 11 WILDLIFE. Primack. Roberts. FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. Cambridge University Press.G. Establishment and management of protected areas. T. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity. Global and national biodiversity. Loss of biodiversity. Essentials of Conservation Biology.L. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. Conserving Living Natural Resources. 4. J. I). Wetlands. Participatory forest management. problems and solutions. Bailey. Status of forests in Pakistan.J. John Wiley And Sons. Principles of Wildlife Management. W. Forest plantations. K. distribution. Wildlife Ecology and Management. Recommended Books: 1. Sustainable forest management. threats and conservation.
London. Islamabad. Recommended Books: 1. drinking water and solid waste in cities. Government of Pakistan. 3. management of transport. Longman Group. 58 . urban landscape characteristics. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development.. urban political ecology. urban systems and their characteristics. Kate. E&UA Div. Introducing Town Planning. J. Environmental problems of urban life. SAGE Publications Ltd. Urban land use planning and management. 2000. S. CRC Press LLC. Clara. Ward. urbanization in Pakistan. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards.. A. UK. V.. Forms of urbanization. Penguin Group.and Maser. sanitation. New York. future of urban centers. 2004. USA. Sustainable cities. Ministry of Housing and Works. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages.. 1986. USA. 4. 2. 2007. 1993. C. H. UK. G. Silberstein. The Works: Anatomy of a City. Planning and Urban Change.COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction. Urban planning and management in Pakistan.
active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase.V. Third edition.A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. Thomson and A. Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. Practical English Grammar by A. ISBN 0194313492 59 . 1997. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1.Annexure . a) Functional English Grammar 1.J. Oxford University Press. Martinet. Exercises 1.
Third Impression 1992. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Reading/Comprehension 1. and speed reading.2. Martinet. b) Practical English Grammar by A. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 . 1997. Exercises 2. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. intensive and extensive. Upper Intermediate.J. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Thomson and A. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Oxford University Press. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. Writing.V. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. minutes of meetings. Fourth Impression 1993. Reading. Third edition. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin.
Writing. Writing. Oxford Supplementary Skills. c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. content.1. Fourth Impression 1992. form. introduction to presentations. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Practical English Grammar by A. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. Advanced by Ron White. Reading 1. Fourth Impression 1993. clarity. Third edition. Writing. descriptive and argumentative writing). argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. Third Impression 1992. Oxford Supplementary Skills. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. narrative. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. 2. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Exercises 2. Third Impression 1991. Advanced. ISBN 0 19 431350 6.J. Oxford University Press 1986. b) Writing 1. language. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. Oxford Supplementary Skills. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Reading. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. discursive. 2. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 . Thomson and A.V. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. Martinet.
Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. A Custom Publication. Mandell. 2. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. College Writing Skills by John Langan.(particularly suitable for discursive. St. Kirszner and Stephen R. Kathleen Shine Cain. argumentative and report writing). Martin’s Press. without taxing the taste of engineering students). Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. 62 . 2004. Compiled by norther Illinois University. descriptive. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. 3. General Editiors: Janice Neulib.
Society and social structure c. Study the process of governance. 4. 2. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. Mehmood. S. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. Lahore. 1988-99 f. Indus Civilization ii. government. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki. Ethnicity d. 2. 1994. ideological background of Pakistan.B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. Historical Perspective a. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. 1993. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980.M. 3. Zaidi. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Safdar. 1977-88 e. b. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. Muslim advent iii. Karachi: Oxford University Press. 1958-71 c. Location and geo-physical features.Annexure . contemporary Pakistan. 1947-58 b. 2000. 63 Books Recommended 1. politics. S. Economic institutions and issues b. Course Outline 1. People and Land i. national development. 1971-77 d. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. Shahid Javed. Contemporary Pakistan a. Akbar. 1999 onward 3. State & Society in Pakistan. .
Afzal. Club Road. Mehmood.5. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia. Lawrence. Noor ul. Political Parties in Pakistan. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Sayeed. K. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research.The Emergence of Banglades. Tahir. 1987. 1980. 1993. 12. 9. Zahid. 13. 11. 1972. Enigma of Political Development.National Movement in Pakistan. History & Culture of Sindh. Lahore: Vanguard.K. Ethno . Rafique. 1967. Khalid Bin. Party. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. 7. Ansar. Politics in Pakistan. 1998. Safdar. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. 1980. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. Ziring. Amin. I. Islamabad. M. Haq. II & III. 1976. Pakistan Under Martial Law. Aziz. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. Karachi: Royal Book Company. The Political System of Pakistan. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. Vol. 6.. 8. Muhammad Waseem. 10. Washington: American Enterprise. 64 . Wilcox. 14. Institute of Public Policy Research. nd. Wayne.
C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 .40.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.58.A.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18. 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.19.20) Related to thinking.A.Tadabar (Verse No1.A.57.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.6.21.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.Annexure .56.
in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt.
” Hussain Hamid Hassan.S. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. “Emergence of Islam” . “Studies in Islamic Law. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. Pakistan. Bhatia. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. International Islamic University. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. Ahmad Hasan. IRI. Islamabad (2001) 67 . Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr.3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad.
Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system.D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. not majoring in mathematics. Boston Swokowski EW. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. matrix inverse. harmonic progression. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Boston 68 . 1987. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. PWS-Kent Company. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1.Annexure . Wooton W. complex numbers. geometric progression. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. functions. Sharron S. trigonometric identities. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. Beckenback EF. types. system of linear equations. determinants. Houghton & Mifflin. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. types of functions. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. Cramer’s rule. set operations. introduction to sets. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. equations reducible to quadratic equations. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. College Algebra and Trigonometry. PWS-Kent Company. 1978. cube roots of unity. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. 1986.
Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. derivatives. not majoring in mathematics. 69 . Calculus (3rd edition). 1995. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. not majoring in mathematics. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. 2005. Ma. change of variables in indefinite integrals. integration by substitution. solution of equations involving absolute values. integration by parts. USA 3. functions and their graphs. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). distance between two points. Addison-Wesley. angle between two lines. intersection of two lines. Reading. New York Stewart J. Recommended Books: Anton H. Calculus (11th edition). parallel and perpendicular lines. Bevens I. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. various forms of equation of a line. continuous functions. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. Finney AR. distance between a point and a line. Davis S. slope of a line. 1983. left-hand and right-hand limits.2. equation of a line. rational and transcendental functions. inequalities. PWS-Kent Company. Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. differentiation of polynomial. John Wiley. 2005. Boston Thomas GB. continuity. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines.
1986. nature of roots of quadratic equations. Introduction to sets. • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. Boston 4. 70 . Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Analytic Geometry. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. Scott. College Algebra and Trigonometry. : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. types of functions. circles determined by various conditions. hyperbola. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. locus of a point in various conditions. PWS-Kent Company. 1987. determinants. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). 1969 Kaufmann JE. Conic Sections: Parabola. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. functions. types of matrices. • Contents 1. ellipse. Cramer’s rule. inverse of matrices. system of linear equations.Circle: Equation of a circle. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. intersection of lines and circles. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. equations reducible to quadratic equations. Boston Swokowski EW. set operations. PWS-Kent Company. Freshman and Company.
. Wilcox. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. trigonometric identities. Latest Edition.. skewness and kurtosis. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. discrete and continuous series. 2. E. moments. Boston. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. R. Latest Edition. ungrouped and grouped data. quartiles. Books Recommended: 1. Kaufmann.. R. deciles and percentiles. E. standard deviation. R. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. 4. Swokowski. PWS-Kent Company. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. cumulative frequency curve. 2. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. circle and trigonometric functions. relationship of statistics with social science. J. 5. 3. Walpole.. W. individual. E. bar frequency diagram histogram. 71 . frequency polygon. types of frequency series. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations.geometric and harmonic progressions. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. characteristics of statistics. variance. Prentice Hall. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. tally sheet method. Graphs: Graph of straight line. Measures of dispersion: Range. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. array. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. Latest Edition.
Extreme Values of Functions. Boston. substitution method. Continuity. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. 2. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. Gleason. Leibnitz’ theorem. plane polar coordinates. logarithmic differentiation. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. Contents 1. Prentice-Hall. Trigonometric Functions. S. Calculus Single and Multivariable. 2005. Anton. Davis. 1999. • Integration Integration from first principles. Solution of equations involving absolute values. 2. 3rd Edition. Inequalities. Least-Squares Line.Jr. et al. John H. Integration by Parts. Addison Wesley publishing company. Inc. 4th edition. Elliott Mendelson. integration by parts. H. Second Edition 1992. special points of a function. McCallum. implicit differentiation. 6. Calculus. integration using partial fractions. 2005. Recommended Books: 1. infinite and improper integrals. Jhon Willey & Sons. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. 4. 11th Edition. the inverse of differentiation. integral inequalities. the chain rule. I. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. Slope of a Line. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. W. applications of integration. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . Mathews. Calculus. theorems of differentiation. Bevens. Thomas. Frank A. integration by inspection. Rational and Transcendental Functions. reduction formulae. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus. and Transcendental Functions. Rational Functions.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. Swokowski. Schaum’s Outline Series. 6. John Wiley & Sons. quotients. logarithmic integration. Hughes-Hallett. E. 1983. Continuous Functions. sinusoidal function. 5. products. 3. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. Calculus. Inc. 2002. Equation of a Line. 8th edition.
complex conjugate. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies.Additions and subtraction. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. approximation errors in Taylor series. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. multiplication. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. geometric series. solving hyperbolic equations. series involving natural numbers. modulus and argument. identities of hyperbolic functions. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4. division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. the difference method. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 . transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. finding the nth roots of unity. inverses of hyperbolic functions. arithmetico-geometric series.
Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. Pappus’ theorems. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7. Hermitian.5. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. scalar triple product. the inner product. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. vector product. of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 . symmetric and antisymmetric. 6. moments of inertia. of a unitary matrix. Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. centers of mass and centroids. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. line to line. point to plane. masses. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. orthogonal.
spherical polar coordinates 75 . div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. divergence of a vector field. curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products.8. Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. combinations of grad.
Exercises. bias. Observations. Exercises. Types of frequency curves. Change of origin and scale. Exercises. Sources. Rounding of a Number. sampling and non sampling errors. sample design and sampling frame. Difference of means and proportions. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. The Variance and standard deviation.Annexure . Moments and Moments ratios. Collection of primary and secondary data. Exercises. Constructing of a frequency distribution. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Stem and Leaf Display. Range. Ogive for Discrete Variable. acceptance and rejection regions. Median and mode. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. null and alternative hypothesis. Test statistics. Interpretation of the standard Deviation.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Unit 5. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Quantiles. Coefficient of variation. Standardized variables. Discrete and continuous variables. Population. Exercises Unit 6. Data. Editing of Data. Empirical Relation between Mean. Exercises. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Unit 3. Significant digits. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. probability and non-probability sampling. Unit 2. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Diagrams. sampling with and without replacement. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Bar charts. Type-I and Type-II errors. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. Unit 7. Box and Whisker Plot. Errors of measurement. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Exercises. Absolute and relative measures. definition of outliers and their detection. Poisson and Normal Distribution. The Mode. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. Histogram. properties of Good Average. Graphs and their Construction. Pie chart. level of significance. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. The Mean Deviation. Historigram. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. 76 . Different types of Averages. Statistical problem. Probability and Probability Distributions. The semi-Interquartile Range. Unit 4. Presentation of Data Introduction.
Exercises Unit 10. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. Kitab Markaz. Correlation. Regression and Correlation Introduction. 2 Muhammad. Inc. cause and effect relationships. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. Testing of Hypothesis. New York.Unit 8. Contingency Tables. simple linear regression. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. Coefficient of linear correlation. Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. E. Exercises. 1982. 3rd Ed. “Introduction to Statistics”. R. Macmillan Publishing Co.Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table.. Unit 11. examples. its estimation and interpretation. Exercises Unit 9. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. r and R2. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. F. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. 2005. 77 .Single Population Introduction..
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