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For BS MS
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………
6 12 14 50 51
SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 . The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. D773/76-JEA (cur. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. PROF. imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. degree awarding institutions. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. the Federal Government vide notification No. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic. and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. It is. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation. It also aimed to give a basic. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. therefore. R&D organizations. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. respective accreditation councils and stake holders. DR. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. universities and other institutions of higher education. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. 2009 at the HEC Regional Center. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee. dated December 4th 1976. 63.PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. Lahore. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. The world has turned into a global village. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30.).50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. and 36.ALTAF ALI G.
OF FINAL CURRI. UNI. UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRI.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRI. OF NCRC. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI. IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. PREP. LI R&D HEC Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. OF CURRI. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. EXP. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREP. Preparation 5 . HEC BACK TO STAGE-I PREP. COL. OF DRAFT BY NCRC REVIEW IMPLE. REC. QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. R&D. Abbreviations Used: NCRC.
April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. Member 3. Dr. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head. Rawalpindi Dr. Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr. Rawalpindi Dr. Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. Member 6 .Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre. Following attended the meeting:1. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall. Member 5. Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. Member 4. Lahore Member 6. Dr. Karachi from 28-30. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. 7. Dr. Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2.
Dr. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. Dr. 7 . 13. Member 16. Member 14. Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. Dr. Prof. Member 10. Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore. Member 15. Dr. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr. Dr. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr. Karachi Member 12. Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms.8. Dr. Prof. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi. Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof. Member 11. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9.
the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University. Director of HEC Regional Center. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. Chairman. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. Islamabad coordinated the meeting. Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. The meeting was opened by Mr. Karachi. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement. 8 . At first. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. Dr. 1. Secretary Dr. Member 19. Mr. Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. 2. The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards. Faisalabad Member 18. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. Member 20. Dr. Shafiq-ur-Rehman. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. Mr.17. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr.
The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities. In last few centuries. These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses. Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. 1. The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. 5. The committee thanked Mr. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. 4. 6. 2. Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 . The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. 3. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population.3. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development.
The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. 5. Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i. Apply theoretical understanding. professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5. skills and behaviour patterns. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today. and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 . Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences. This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. regional and global contexts. RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility. ii. in its preliminary meeting. This committee. Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science.
The medium of instruction. 1. A. with consensus. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration. DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science. eight semesters in the semester system. Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment. 2. assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English.e. Sc. Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i. 6. 5. 4. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3. 3. that: 1..graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F. The 11 . Integrating natural sciences. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals. skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes. The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2. pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme.
Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7. Introduction to Computer 14. Environmental Physics 16. Introduction to Earth Science 8. Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19. Environmental Pollution 22. Environmental Chemistry 15. English-III 18. Basic Chemistry* 4. Psychology* . The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order.proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. Introduction to Environmental Science 2. SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1. Introductory Economics* 17. English-II 12. Climatology* 23. English-I 6. Biology –II* 9. Environmental Microbiology 21. Sociology/Anthropology* 11. Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5. Fundamentals of Ecology 20. Biology –I* 3.
ELECTIVE-III 42. ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37. Environmental Biotechnology 32. Environmental Monitoring 36. Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours . Research Methods in Environmental Science 41. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31. 44. Applied Ecology 26. Environmental Economics 29. Biodiversity & Conservation 35. Climate Change 38. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28. Environmental toxicology 27. Natural Resource Management 40. ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43.24. Environmental Management Systems 34. Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. 46. Environmental Impact Assessment 39. 45. English-IV/ Univ. Opt.
• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical. • Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .
Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth. national. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.M. E. and their relationships with various environmental factors. 4. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. 2.A. 2002. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY . G. 6th Ed. & Yonavjak. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts. 2007. Environmental Science: systems and solutions. Wright. environmental pollution. Recommended Books: 1. Schoch. Pearson Educational. development in industry and agriculture. history. McKinney. 2007. its importance in human life. socio-economic. M. The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms.L. R. John Wiley & Sons. R. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates. philosophical. Human environment and its problems: global. Miller.B & Keller. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society.J. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development. proteins and nucleic acids.. ethical. current global. & Nebel. Environmental Science: working with the Earth.DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline. Major components of environment: physico-chemical. poverty and resource depletion. 10th Ed. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment. ecological. Different aspects of environment: physical. Thomson Learning. L. B. 4th Ed.. D. lipids. Botkin. biological and social. 15 . urbanization. 2007 3. regional.I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life.T.
lipids. Ltd.Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life. carbohydrates. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. R. C. 1996. Aromatic compounds. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. 5th Edetion. V. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations. N. Nucleic acids. Crossley. Plopper. Starr. Australia . Self Assessment and Revie. The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Structure and the basis of function.. Cassimeris. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology. A.. amines). and Whitelaw. origin of metabolism. G. Study of mitosis in onion root tip. lipids. Wadsworth Group. Origin of life: chemical evolution. coordinate covalent bond. Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell. the molecule of genetic information and replication. Cells. McGraw. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods. Molecular Biology through Questions. B. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. M. Ionic. New York. esters. Lewis. Introduction to cell biology. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.. D. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. 2007. phospholipids in membrane systems. Canada. Biology: a Human Emphasis.Hill International Edition. Bulter. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. Lingappa. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells.. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. USA. 1. Shier. E. chemical basis of life. 2003. 8th Ed. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. 16 . USA. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals. protobionts. carboxylic acids. 4. covalent. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding. proteins. Cell division. carbonyls. R. 5.. L. 3. The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. chemical diversity. 2. J. 2007. USA. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa. and Lewis. polypeptides in protein diversity. 2008.
8th Edition. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Colloids chemistry. UK. Column chromatography. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. and Holler. coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane. Photochemical reactions. Freeman and Company. UK.D. 2. Blackwell Science. P. Surface chemistry. J.. equations of lines (linear equations).H. Solution chemistry... concepts of six basic trigonometric functions. Algebra of matrices. F. USA. Osmosis and Dialysis.ions. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles.. Use of spectrophotometric techniques.E. D. 17 . Recommended Books: 1. Cambridge University Press.E. Brimblecombe. 3. COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences. Binomial theorem (Simple applications). Liss. Measurement of pH.K. graphs. Qualitative Chemical Analysis.. values of trigonometric functions. D. Matrices and Determinants: Matrix. Hill.J. molal. D. normal solutions/buffers. and Reid. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra. series and means.A. expansion of determinants.. Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers. EC and TDS in waste water. USA. double angle formulas. 1st Ed. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations). Thomson and Brooks. straight line and related concepts. 2nd Edition. Thin layer chromatography. Andrews. 2004. law of Cosines. Skoog.. W. Lab Work Preparation of molar. 2004. simultaneous equations and their solutions. 2nd Edition. M. 2005. J. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane. 2003.M.. 6th Edition. West. Girard.. real line. Canada. Harris. Jickells. 2004. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. geometric and harmonic sequence. 4. P.C.S. Understanding Environmental Pollution. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional).J. minor and cofactor of a matrix. 5. Sequence and series: Arithmetic. Jones and Barlett. B. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. radicals. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. T. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. determinants.Special Products (Binomial Expression). angle-sum formula.
Cramer’s Rule. New Delhi. Addission. by parts integration (simple applications). faults. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension. Thomas. difference. 2. joints. This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals. its origin. R. Weathering. 10th Ed. erosion and related landforms. nonrepeated linear factors. Chain rule. igneous and metamorphic rocks.B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. cleavages. Earth as a member of solar system. COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure . composition and its internal structure..Wesley. theorem of integration. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions. G.B. Chatterjee. foliation. L. product and quotient rules without derivations). 18 . Fossils and their significance. plate tectonics. Scott Foresman and Company. Pacific Grove.. mountain building. Integration: Formulas of integration. and Finney. S.A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure . Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography. J. weathering and erosion. theorems on differentiation (sum. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. the processes of their formation. Jr. K. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors. Trignometry for College students. Introduction to rocks and minerals. age. 1999. Analytical Geometry. Narosa Publishing House. 4. Smith. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. D. earthquakes and volcanoes. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation. 3. Recommended Books: 1. Introduction to folds. irreducible quadratic factors. 4th Ed. earthquakes. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. Introduction to sedimentary. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. different earth processes like mountain buildings. lineation and unconformities. California. Abraham.
Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology. 2004. examples of adjustments in varied environment.. animals). protocell formation. Prentice Hall: 2006. Recommended Books: 1. Biodiversity of canal.. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity. 2007 3. 5th Edition.. and Tasa. Brooks/Cole. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water. consequences of losing biodiversity. Lutgens. F. J. K. unicellularity. modern concepts. J. crucial for organisms’ sustainability. 11th Edition. different classification systems. invasion of life on land. 2005. Prentice Hall.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps.. Biodiversity of hilly areas. Darwinism. Field Study tour. F. R... multicellularity. molecular basis of biodiversity. K. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. How Does Earth Work. Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat. Lamarckism. 2007 2. interactions among diversified life. G. Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life. G. 4. and Monroe. Lutgens. 3rd Edition. Routledge. D. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories. population loss and decline.. Geographical aspects of biodiversity.II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution. Earth Science. Foundations of Structural Biology. Tarbuck.Identification of rocks and minerals. 9th Edition. COURSE 8 BIOLOGY . Use of brunton compass and GPS. measuring biodiversity. Smith. Geological time chart with biodiversity. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species. Physical Geology and Process of Science. D. Life in sea. R. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation. 19 . Biodiversity of deserts. 5. Park. A. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. E. J. biodiversity crises. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification. and Tasa. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis.. Tarbuck.. Prentice Hall. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms. Wicander. and Pun. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants. causes of extinction. E.
Prospect Heights.E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems. Nora and Wilk. 2003. 2000. New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. Inc. L. 2009. K. and Spicer. COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure . and Sustainable Living. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology. 2005. Bradbury. Biodiversity (An Introduction). Goals and expectations. R. Scope and application. 2nd Edition. Use of environment for vested interest. a Human Emphasis. 3. (editor). Environmental Risks and the Media. 20 . USA. K. P. John Wiley and Sons. I.. (editors). 4.K. 2006. New York: New York University Press. globalization and environmental issues.. 3. 2. Adam. Townsend. Contemporary environmental status. UK. Culture. power & hegemony. Understanding the environment-human relationship. and concerns. The Biosphere. Routledge. UK. Allan & Carter. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. Wadsworth Group. Chronological. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. Walnut Creek. Perspective of human-environment evolution. Conceptualizing environment. Gaston. Hannen. Tripartite nature of environment. C. 2009. C. I. Contemporary environment issues and debate. UK. CA: AltaMira Press. Crumley. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions. The Ecology of global consumer culture. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. Blackwell Science Ltd. IL:WavelandPress. Inc. Recommended Books: 1. J. 5th Edition. Starr. 2001. Consumption. Biology.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. culture and society. 3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment. 2. J.
5. Ms-Excel. Courter. K. processing hardware. 2003. Introduction to MS-Word. Ed. internet. Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures. Marquis A. system software. Storage hardware. as are their effects on the biosphere. software packages.C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered. computer programs and basic applications.. Types and classification of computers. Ms-Access.6th Ed. COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure .H. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere. Long l. 2.London 1996. Course Outlines Definition. Configurations. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion. Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse. 6. Software: Application software. Fundamentals of computer. Recommended Books: 1. physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry. Milton.. output hardware. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 21 . e-mail. Hardware: Input Hardware.BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment. After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry.Microsoft office 2000. Operating system (Windows). Rutledge. Long N. Local Area Network. Ms-Power Point. G.1999.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure . Selin.
. 2005.E. Fate of pollutants in environment. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light. 2004.J. Turbulence. J. Jickells. Canada. its causes and adverse effects on environment. Thomson-Brooks.D. Environmental impact of various industries. Banerji Prentice Hall of India. Global climate and climatic change.. A. Reducing the transmission of sound..M. T. interaction of light with matter. 3. Environmental Chemistry. Fundamentals of aquatic. COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter. B. Girard. Particle physics. Blackwell Science. Ozone and UV light. trophic level. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems. Chemical reactions. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts. 2004. and Reid. Heat radiation and heat transfer. Environmental Chemistry. Solids. Liss. Germany. Gaussian plumes in the air. Solar spectrum. DoriaSerrano. atmospheric and soil chemistry. Sound and Noise. Radioactivity and nuclear physics.S. 1999. 1st Edition. M. Brimblecombe. photosynthesis. Human perceptions and noise criteria. Miller. Turbulent jets and plumes. UK. 2. Springer.G. C. Conversion of mass. Environmental Science.. Samir.. Jones and Barlett. Energy conversion. J. K. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants.. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Entropy. P. Recommended Books: 1. India. Electromagnetic radiation. 2nd Edition. Measurement and comparison of the 22 .. J. and Singh. 2008. Diffusion.. G.. Hernandez-Esparza.Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry. Ozone chemistry. 4. Nuclear energy. USA..E. Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics. Ibanez. Liquids and Gasses. Isotopes and radioactive decay.T. their sources and toxic actions.. Energy. Active control of sound. Fregoso-Infante. P. Basic acoustics. 5. Turbulent diffusion. Equations of fluid dynamics. M. Transport of pollutants. Andrews.
John Wiley and Sons Inc.Economic development. 2. Boeker. Smith.1998. and Resource allocation. economic welfare and difference among all. economic growth. Routledge. interaction between ecology and economic management. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. Wesely Publishers. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. Yusuf. Recommended Books: 1. Environmental economics. population and environmental quality. Physics of the Environment and Climate. J. USA. 23 . scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. economic growth and its measurement. 2008. M. P. Praxis publishing. concepts and measurement. and Van Grondelle. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Man environmental relationship. poverty. UK. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. Sustainable development. economic progress. Environmental Physics. Field visit. USA. 2. Producer behavior.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. Seinfeld. Course Outlines Introduction to economics. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter. producer and community point of view. E. 2006. Natural resources and the economy. N. Impact of economic activity on environment. Pakistan economic context: National income. Kentucky USA. Guyot. Growth and development. USA. Measures for sustainable development. and Pandis. Todaro. Economic management and environmental quality. S. S. New York. 4. 2001. R. Recommended Books: 1. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. Economic Development. Economic functions of environment. 7th Ed. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. 2001. Introductory Environmental Physics. World Bank Publications. COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development. 2008.. H. USA. Growth and Environment. C. 3. G.
C. Touchstone Books. R. Farmington Hills. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale. 24 . J. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. D. 4. LLC. community and ecosystem. 2008.3. Introduction to ethical theory. Frodeman. the ethics of soil. Ecosystem and its types. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. 2009. Kessinger Publishing. N. role of light. Ecology. Shogren. Environmental Critics of agriculture. B. Course Outlines Introduction. B. community. Portland 1967. Russell. London. M. branches of ecology. WCIV7AA. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy.. its fundamental concepts. and systems ecology.. & Pierce.V. COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure . Callicott. World Bank Publications. USA.. 2008. 3. population. 2002. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. Palgrave Macmillan. ethics and ecology.A. Recommended Books: 1. levels of ecological organization. 2. USA. England. Hanley. International Thomson Publishing. Natural philosophy. World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. 4. and White.A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy. soil. description of population. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy. B. Swift. Environmental philosophy and ethics. water. species. Economics. DeVeer.. 2007. SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology. temperature. biogeography. J. concepts and approaches. A History of Western Philosophy.
King’s College London. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. Microbiology of terrestrial environments. 2001 5. After completion of this course. New Delhi. M J. E P. 6th Ed. Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. agricultural and industrial ecosystems.Cox. productivity of different ecosystems. landscape changes and their importance. J. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. New York. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. Chapman. students will be able to understand the significance. Fundamentals of Ecology. Ecosystem: structure and function. COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment. ecological modeling. Biomes of the world. UK. Cambridge University Press. aquatic microbiology.W. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems. N. community dynamics. Biogeochemical cycles of C. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea. 1999 4. Ecology (principles and applications). and Barett. WCB/McGraw-Hill. UK. 1992. Dash. plant geography and animal distribution. distribution limits. habitat and niche. and S. role and application of microorganisms in the environment. 2004. J. Recommended Books 1. Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. B.) Moles. 5th Ed. aero-microbiology and food microbiology. Concepts of Limiting factors. Population distribution and abundance. M C J 1st ed. landscape ecology. with special emphasis on their environmental impact. Thomson Brooks/Cole. bacteria and eukarya. 3.topography and air as ecological factors. Microbial metabolism. 1st Ed. population dynamics. Systems ecology.L and Reiss. M. 2. Fundamentals of Ecology. P. Tata McGraw-Hill. C. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. Lab Work 25 . and More. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). C. biotic factors. characteristics of urban. 2000. G. Populations. various concepts of community. Ecology (concepts and applications. Odum.
USA. R.. Recommended Books: 1.G. McGraw Hill Inc. and Gerba. 3. J. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water. A. Collection.M. McInernery.P.D.L. Microbiology. Recommended Books 1. 2. Human & other living organisms. peppor. Solid Waste generation.P.. USA.. Cambridge University Press. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution. USA. Cambridge UK.. Mean plate count. 3. Crawford. and Jeffery. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines.and Brendecke. D. and Klein.I.K.. D.. F.L. 4th Edition. 26 . USA.C. Prescott.J.W.P. Soil. Case Studies.. Water. Environmental Microbiology. its sources and their effects. Hurrst. Academic Press.R.L. I.Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection. Washington DC. Environmental Pollution and Control.. Peiece. P. Hartel. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic. UK. Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology. Marine & Industrial pollution. 4. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel. Types of Environmental pollution: Air. J.and Vesilaind.F. C. W. 2 Edition. (Elsevier) USA. 2007. 1995. G. Maier. D. M. Dilution plate technique. L.M. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally. London.J.A.A. American Society for Microbiology. purification and preservation. R. Effects of Pollutants. nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution. USA.A. L.. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal..J. 2005. Harley. 2005. New Jersey. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution.V. Hill. 5. 2002. isolation. Fuhrmann. International Protocols (BASAL Convention). M.1998. Noise. Weiner.Gerba.B. Academic Press.. Pepper.. Academic Press. Fate of Environmental Pollutants. Pollution Control Strategies. and Stetzenbach. and Zuberer. P. Manual of Environmental Microbiology. Understanding Environmental Pollution.J. 2. Prentice Hall. Butterworth-Heinemann.J. Knudsen. J.M. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual. 2nd Edition. 2005. Sylvia. C. transportation & treatments. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution.. 2009.
. 1992. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications. Solar radiations. concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere. Weather and Climate. John Wiley and Sons. A brief historical background and schools of psychology. Recommended Books: 1. Mechanism of heat transfer. 4. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment. 3. 1988.M.. . The Physics of Atmospheres. Lawrance K. Climatology. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology. Sadder. Royal book company. K. Houghton J. Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History. Radiation and climate. John H.K. Karachi. Cloud Classification. 2003.J. N. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . Shamshad.W. The climate of Pakistan. air pressure. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. 2.. American Public Health Association (APHA). Methods of psychology. Lutgens. Factors affecting air Pressure. local winds.2nd Editions.. Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided. 5.F. global circulation. Surface winds. Tarbuck. 2006 5. Pandis. condensation and cloud Formation. The Hydrologic cycle. The Atmosphere. Four Spheres of the Earth. 2002. processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems. 27 . COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences. Environmental psychology. climatic zones of Pakistan. A.From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. 6th Edition. Austin Miller. Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan).E. Marcel Dekkar. Spyros. The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan.4. Cambridge University Press. Heat and the Earth's atmosphere.
Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. Fundamental of Psychology. Background and scope.characteristics and research methods. M. concepts.W. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species. solar radiation and primary production. Fisher J. CRC Press. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. 1992. rivers. limitation of irrigated agriculture.A. and Baum A. Eysenck. Sustainable agricultural practices. P. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change. Routledge. Environmental Psychology. Course Outline Introduction. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts. Water as an ecological resource. Future water scenario of Pakistan. energy and carbon balance.D. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. Soil as a natural resource. COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. 2. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture. Sustainable livestock management practices. soil salinity and water logging. 5th Edition. Water and distribution of species. their management and ecological restoration. Ecological restoration. Pollution control through Ecology. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Bell.. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. threats and mitigation. soil resources of Pakistan. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives. soil erosion and conservation. techniques and methods of restoration. London..C. CRC Press. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. London. Recommended Books: 1. species response to pollutants. 2001. Ecology of food production. 28 . Routledge. Restoration of derelict lands. T. Environmental perception and cognition. sustainable agriculture. carbon dioxide and global climate change. Greene. High population density and psychological impacts.
dose response relationship in living organisms. G. 5th Edition. Oxford. Zedler. Soil Science. Islamabad.National Book Foundation. Peshawar. from natural and anthropogenic sources. and Memon. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water. Odum E. 1996.. 2nd ed. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic.I. and Barett.Recommended Books: 1. Fundamentals of Ecology. Shirkat Gah. Studies in Pakistan Geography. A.P. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications.W. Determination of Interaction of chemicals. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures. toxins & toxicants..S. in vivo & in vitro assays. D.A. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals. COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals. Lahore. their containment and control strategies. K and Habib. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms. Newman. University of Peshawar.. K. Chemical interactions and their types. Falk. Blackwell Scientific Publications. J. Thomson Brooks/Cole. Foundations of Restoration Ecology. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system. Pakistan’s Environment. toxicology of chemicals. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents. B. 4. Rashid. Israr-ud-Din. and Hobbs. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. soil and air samples. water and soil. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management. Island Press. Synergism. J. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. Organs. terminologies: Poisons. 2000 2. on human and other living organisms. toxins vs toxicants. Determination of chemicals in biological samples. 1989. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. biological effects. Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History. toxicity screening using microbial systems. Potentiation and Addition. Margaret A. E. 3. 2006. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. USA. P. Toxicity: Types and its measurement. 5. R. 29 . A.1998.. Immunological considerations in toxicology. 2004. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. Mumtaz.
2005 2. CRC Press Llc. McGrawhill. health.M. education. culture. P. USA. State of the Environment-Pakistan . 5th Edition. Government of Pakistan. Recommended Books 1. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis. Ballantyne. Hughes. measuring environmental benefits. Vol. land.Science of Poisons . 1st Edition. urbanization and pollution. Economic: agriculture. Course Outlines Introduction to history. W.Recommended Books 1. 1992.). the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements. Recommended Books: 30 . estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement. pollution control-a general model. Macmillan Press Ltd. First and Second law of Thermodynamics. T and Turner. 1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development. Environmental Profile of Pakistan. USA. (ed. M. 1993. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology. major ecosystems.1 & 2.. W. 3. 2005 2. economic development and the environment. the economy and the environment.D. Williams. the economic benefits of different environmental resources. Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. Klassen. 1996. economic aspects of different environmental problems. Course Outlines Introduction. COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development. General and Applied Toxicology. people. industry. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York. geography. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann. water resources. 3. clean development mechanism. international trade and the environment. topographic zones. B. 1st Edition. Ecological: ecological zones. USA.
and Field. K. NO3–N & NH4-N).. units. A. Biomarkers in environmental assessment. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Environmental economics: An elementary introduction.. 1993.I. D. Harris.2002. 3.I. Conductivitymetry. Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory.. Titrimetery. D. and Batemen. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. Sample collection. Oxford University Press. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. 3. Environmental Economics.K. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. Reuter. Freeman & Co. Titrimetery. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery. C. Recommended Books: 1. and derived S. precision and accuracy. M. New York. Analytical techniques for soil. BOD. Sample preservation methods. Skoog. Standard solutions and standard curves. Sparrow and D. Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH. Oxford.R. Thomson and Brooks. Use of Potentiometery. D.K. and F. Peverill. handling. B. USA. 31 . Australia. Field. Spectroscopy and Chromatography. 4. Gravimetery. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive.A. Holler. Collingwood. 1999. J. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples. L. Lab Work S. Data interpretation for quality control. 2003. preparation and storage.. M. salinity & sodicity). Johns Hopkins University Press. 6th Edition. Turner. 2000. Kolstad.L.J. Conductivitymetry. D.D. 2005. All Solids. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling. water and plant analysis. Environmental Economics: An Introduction.. COD. 2.UK. West. Fluoride. 8th Edition. COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. CSIRO Publ. Pearce. Gravimetery. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual.2004. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin. C. soil (NPK and organic matter contents.. I. 2.1.C.W.
PCR. Environmental Biotechnology. 4. Oxford University Press. A. Introduction to microbial kinetics. England. Biotechnology. (ed. 2. and Russel.D. Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants. After completion of this course. 2007. Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems. Isolation. Biosensor. Cambridge University Press. Scragg. 5th Ed. USA. 2001. students will be able to understand the significance. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms. Derbre. 2nd Ed. National Biotechnology Commission. New York.P. J. 2009. USA. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. Recommended Books 1. 3. W.E. D. and Josef. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment. Wiley-VCH Verlag.. Recombinant DNA technology. Tools in environmental biotechnology. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications.. Hans- Joachim. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. J. 2005.1999. 2005. Sambrook. Germany. Course Outlines Introduction.living organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution. purification and preservation of DNA. Biomarkers. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns. New York. and application of biotechnology in the environment.COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments. National Biosafety Guidelines. Chichoster.). Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques. COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 . J. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd. Smith. Government of Pakistan. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures. Bioreactors.W. USA.
COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). Mc Graw Hill Education. Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. 2000. V. advantages and limitations of process. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. Guilfoud press New York. Dessinov. Z. Introduction to GIS. Energy Sources. Satellite Imageries. John Wiley and Sons. F.Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. 5. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. Active and Passive remote sensing. map projection and coordinate systems. history and platforms. Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. A. 2000. Different types of maps. Inc. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. History and data collection. Data entry and output. eradication of the duplicated data. 4. analysis and output. Data acquisition. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). Using and reading GPS in field. Aerial photography. Lulla. Introduction to Photogrammetry. Agriculture. 1999. Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. Inc. Rancez. 3. Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. integration of information from many sources. 2008. 2. K and L. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. Types of data used in GIS. Interpretation. Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. Forestry. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. Jensen. John Wiley and Sons. Cartography. R. Fishery and wildlife. Preparation of thematic maps. Image Processing. Campbell. 2009. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission. Harvey. Inc. Pearsons Education.
3. eco-design. Michigan. F. and Yoxon. economic. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management. animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan. WWF Pakistan. hot spots of biodiversity. 1998. Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor. and Qasim. 34 . threats to biodiversity and its conservation. American Society for Quality. Conservation of biodiversity. Related Environmental legislation. A. Sheldon. COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. Course Outlines Introduction.).. Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. Certification of EMS. Methods of environmental protection. Khan.2nd Ed.This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. Environmental aspects and impacts. etc. Environment and sustainable development. Systems and Support Techniques. 2001. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). standards and guidelines. alpha and beta diversity. cleaner technologies. ecological. types of biodiversity. plant... Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles. American Society for Quality. Environmental Economy. 2005. M. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production. threats to biodiversity. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. philosophical. 2. need and approach.C. 2006. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS). EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. Environmental Management Systems Principles. 4. International Organization for Standardization.3rd Edition . M. Environmental Management tools. social and ethical values of biodiversity. principles of Cleaner production. B.
Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. P. conservation and livelihood. Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures. conservation in man-made ecosystems. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring. role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. national and international laws and regulations. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan. Sinauer. forests. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. plants. international agreements. population.. and Morre.e. croplands. quality control sampling. Cox. design and types of samples. role of traditional knowledge in conservation. Conservation of wildlife.conservation at species. laboratory custody. 3. NOC for plant operation. Preservation methods including pH control. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme. Considerations. chemical addition. management. community and ecosystem level. A Primer for Conservation Biology. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. P. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring. ecotourism. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques. air. 2000. Sunderland. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora. quality assessment. refrigeration and freezing methods. Mirza. habitats. Quality assurance and quality control. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes. 2ndEd. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples. water..B. Z. Lahore). 2000.B. presampling requirements/information. Lab Work Sampling techniques (air. protected areas. C. Kings College.R. cities. London. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing.. sampling and design purposes. Saad Printers. EIA requirement.B. Course Outlines Introduction. soil and living organisms. conservation strategies. Recommended Books: 1. in-situ and ex-situ conservation. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i. Legal protection of species. their categories. field custody. Biogeography. 2.D. Rawalpindi. Publ. 35 . 1998. Associates Inc.
Chuviero. UK. I. Keith. D. USA. New York. 2002. Air Pollution and Acid Rain. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention. D. and Guethner. 1992. The Measurement of Climate Change. S. Ozone depletion. 7.Recommended Books: 1. 6. 8. Physical. Environmental Chemistry.USA. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. Murai. altered community structure. Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. USA. Tokyo. Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate. N. regional. . Burden. 2nd Edition. Chapman and Hall.1996. extinctions. Patterns in Winds and Pressure. biological. Regional droughts and 36 . 3. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. H. Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change. Moisture in the Atmosphere. Precipitation. 2. USA. phenological changes. F. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts. and social factors contributing to climate and global change. Energy and Temperature. 2002. Peakall. 2008.. 2000. Recent Climate Change Indicators. (ed) Springer. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. E. L. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide. (eds. Manahan. E. Forstner U. Korte. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data. 5. McKlivie. Remote Sensing Note. and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change. Human responses to potential climate change. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course.) McGraw-Hill. S. chemical. agriculture. R. Technomic Publishing Company Inc.. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. Japan Association on Remote Sensing. Lewis Publisher London. Earth Observation of Global Change. human health. 2008.1999. COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change. its causes and effects.
policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems. Islamabad. Petts. London. Hardy.. 2003. EIA project management. 4.. and Chadwick. Climate Change . and Solutions. 37 . Recommended Books: 1. 3. Ministry of Housing and Works. and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels. 6. R. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment. 1986. J. impact analysis. 1st Edition. Effects. Effects. 2005. scoping. Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems. and Solutions.. A. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. 1999. 4.A. Houghton. A. National Book Foundation. Blackwell. Oxford.O. John Wiley & Sons. liquid. Keith.. J. Islamabad. T. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press.. Global Warming and Climate Change. overview. project implementation and follow up. Cost and benefits of EIA. COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project. solids. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach.Causes. 3. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice. 2. principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society. decision-making to implement the project. & Nixon. EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan. Therivel. 2005.T. 2. screening.. Glasson. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan. J. law.. Harrop. Global Change and the earth system.cataclysmic climate change. role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis. Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2). 1994. J. (ed. Earthscan Publication Ltd. John Wiley & Sons. mitigation and impact management. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. J. 2005. 5. Hardy. Types & Resources to produce Energy. and noise. reporting.Causes. 2003. Sringer. Recommended Books: 1.(ed).). 2000. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts. public involvement. Climate Change . Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. social impact assessment (SIA). London. review of EIA quality. Main stages in EIA process. D. 2004. Routledge.
agriculture chemicals. John Willey & Sons. 1993. Sadler. requirement. Carpenter. existing management approaches. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. management options. threat and its causes. H. Everitt.B and Warren. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. & McCabe. R. B. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources. process and contents of the management plan. New York. J. occurrence and distribution of natural resources. causes and methods for its improvement. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources. 38 . R. Conservation in Progress. B. Evans. EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. solar power.5. management options. threats.. COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification. Asian Development Bank. forest types and its existing management. national agriculture policy. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy.. Development of Management Plan: needs. Lohani. United Nations Environment Programme. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level. Types. importance. national and provincial legislation. (ed. their current status and threats. 2nd Edition. S.. A. 1997. Recommended Books: 1. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan. problem in agriculture.. effective management. limitation in the future. M. Goldsmith.. agriculture products and their share in GDP. Watershed management: Importance basic principles. F. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area. Ludwig.). Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. 6.. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia. methodologies. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. wildlife census. Rangeland Management: existing status. best available option for future.. and Tu. wind power and nuclear power. 2002. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level. national example. USA. their pros and cons.
concepts and terminologies. New York. How to put things together? Introduction.2.Amsterdam. Research Proposal: its importance . Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. Environmental Conservation. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment.L. 39 . Methodology. P. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design. Bibliography. 1984.1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study. Dasmann. Creswell. Hansen. Inference based on findings. John Wiley & Sons. 1990.E. & Plano Clark. Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison). Search Engines. USA. 5. Surveys. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically. 4. 1992. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem. Objectives. and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice. Review of Literature. Review of Literature. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods.E. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data. Research Design & Research Methods. Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf. Scientific Research: Science. Thousand Oaks. research methods. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. S. J. Case Studies. types of sampling design/. Sage CA. W. GOP and IUCN. Sampling: the logic of sampling. Islamabad.. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). London. to introduce students to research design. Interviews. Elsevier.A pre-requisite for Research. Material Methods. and Jorqensen. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. 3. 2007. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1.F. population and sampling frames. V. Questionnaire. Selecting the Research Method. Literature Search: Database. Scientific Methods. R. Experimental Research.
2nd Edition. USA. SNBP Local Government Ordinance. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance. Moriarty. Students project in Environmental Science. 3rd Edition. Babbie. Diamon. 1997. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 . Qadar. E. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan. Univ. Government of Pakistan 3. 2008.Harrad. Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation. John and sons Ltd. National Environmental Policy 4. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development.Batty. M. Booth.USA. England. 6. 2000. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. R. Law Books House. Recommended Books: 1. 1997. Survey Research Methods. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan.. 5. The Craft of Research by Wayne C. G. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Belmont California.S. 4.h. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules. Sage Publishers. Marilyn F. Robert Yin. Wadsworth Publishing Company. of Chicago Press. 2. 2003. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act. 2003. S. regulations made there under. 2001 and the rules of business made there under. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans. Chichester. 3. 1989. USA. 2001. National Conservation Strategy 5.2... Writing Science Through Critical Thinking.. and Arhonditsis.
This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45
POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46
RESEARCH PROJECT/ INTERNSHIP
E-I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY
To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,
5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.
. Ahmed.Varis. Cheema. Lahore. it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects. 3. Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia. and Tortajada. climate change and its impacts on our future water resources. Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. A. Revised & enlarged edition. Oxford University Press Karachi. SDPI Oxford University Press. water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan.Lahore. watershed/catchment. Bengali. flood and droughts. Mirajuddin Publication . like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. virtual water. fisheries management. Briscoe.1993.). improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency. C. 2005. A. Asia Printer. Course Outlines Water resource and its management. Mirajuddin Publication .. and Malik. tubewells.). U. (eds. 2006. recycling and re-use of wastewater. precipitation distribution in Pakistan. O. water quality and quantity aspects. Groundwater Resources of Pakistan. wetlands resources management. I. A. integrated water resources management (IWRM). 2. hydrological cycle. The Politics of Managing Water. Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan. Pakistan . Oxford University Press New Delhi.K. R.. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry. Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT). groundwater exploitation. P. Recommended Books: 1. Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization.. K. Biswas.E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan. 6. N. Islamabad. Pakistan. R. 2006. 44 . Islamabad. Ahmed. 2003.. Indus Water Accord 1991. pollution aspects. 5. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment. flood and drought management. 4. J. N.. water supply and demand management measures. 1993. (ed. with drinking water facilities like springs. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. and Qamar.. Khan.
transport. USA. Soils in Our Environment. Pakistan. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. Factors and processes of soil formation. the salient features of urban environments. San Diego..R. 1996. R. future of urban centers. urban landscapes characteristics. After completion of this course.. USA. Urbanization. E. Soil Science. NJ. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. Soil degradation. NJ. Academic Press. Urban ecosystem. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization. D. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. residential mobility and the neighborhood change. R.C. PrenticeHall. urban political ecology. urban flora and fauna. USA. Course Outlines Introduction. Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils. Soil buffering capacity and its importance. 2007. D. Gardiner. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations. and Weil. 2007. Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. urban settlements. management and green productivity. Upper Saddle River. Brady. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. Islamabad. soils. National Book Foundation. urban patterns and ecosystem functions.E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. hydrological processes. Physical and chemical properties of soil. and Bantel. R. urbanization in Pakistan. 11th Edition. 1. Miller.T. Upper Saddle River. Causes of urbanization. Definition.W. humans as components of urban ecosystems. CA. Cation and anion exchange. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. Types and properties of parent materials. N. Forms of urbanization. Bashir. Hillel. Process and outcome. Course Outlines Introduction. Prentice Hall. 45 . environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. Soil forming minerals. 2008.
. Recommended Books: 1. A. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation.. 2. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability. Planning theories and concepts. Routledge. Springer. Aims and Objectives of planning. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. SAGE Publications Ltd. 46 . 2006. H. CRC Press LLC. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. Elements of urban planning. UK. E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level. SBS academic publishing. The Works: Anatomy of a City. Principles of planning. Land use planning theories. S. Chapman and Hall.and Maser. Penguin Group. 2000. Hague. Types of Urban Plans. O. D.. Planning and its relationship with other professions. Ward. UK. I. 2007.1990. Levels of planning. 2. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans. Routledge. 2004. nd 2 Edition.Recommended Books: Urban Ecology. London. M.. USA. 2004. Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments. J. Sukopp. 3. London. V. Planning and Urban Change. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. Smith. 1989.and Kowaril. Alberti. Silberstein. The Ecology of Urban Habitats. Scope. M. nature and purpose of urban planning. S. 4. USA. 2009.S. The planning process. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development.. New trends in planning and city management. Kate. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. UK. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city. UR. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area.L. City Design for Sustainable Development. Gilbert. Hejny. New York. Justification for planning for city management. C. Hough. 1. 5. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems.
Techniques and methods to assess hazard. Paris.. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies.UNESCO. It discusses a wide range of aspects. Socio-economic factors. H. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors. Cultural factors. Earthquake Management. M. 1993.. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures.. G. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. New York. Islamabad. Recommended Books: 1. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters. Natural cycles and their role. Clara.B. 1986. Disaster as an opportunity for development. Longman Group. Disaster Management: Components of management.W. 1993. Earthquake. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research.J. Role of Media in Disaster Management. Manila. Political factors. E&UA Div.3. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development. Natural Disasters Alexander. Boulder . P. Introducing Town Planning. Disaster Management Trainings and Policies.. Different approaches and Indicators.. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies. 4. and Woodrow. 2.. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N. 1993. Westview Press. UK. International phenomenon. The Guilford Press. Physical factors. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization. D. and White G. Flooding. Landslide.F. Flood Management: Organizational Role. It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. Government of Pakistan. 2nd Edition. 1989. 4. R. 1991. ADB. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made. New York..e. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. Chapman & Hall. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). Ministry of Housing and Works. i.. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms. 3. Kates. Hazards. 47 . The Environment as Hazard Burton I. Prediction.W.
Botkin. environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life. and Yonavjak.5.B and Keller. Quorum Books.W. 48 . R. and Mushkatel. Deforestation for agricultural purposes. sustainable energy management.H. 2001. Disasters and Development Cuny. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem. D. hydropower. types. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals.M. 2.A. McKinney. consumers. New York. 1983. 6th Edition. Agroecology. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems. Ecological concept in crop and food production. USA. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet.C. 2007. L. E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment.. 3. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources.. Schoch. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. 1. biomass resources. 1984. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation. primary producers. Consumer and producer relationship. M. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. Course Outlines Energy-development and environment. alternate energy resources. OECD/IEA. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers. Westport. E.. uses. Paris. merits and demerits of wind. Biotic structure. Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem. 2007.L. energy resources. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America. solar. decomposers. A. John Wiley and Sons. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Sustainable livestock management. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. Farming practices for pests and weeds control. Phytoremediation and bioremediation. local. F. Perry R. 4th Edition. energy resources of Pakistan. 6. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources.
P. Westview Press. Kapur. Corol.R. Study of stratification and profile diagram. 1990. and Rossel. M.G. New Delhi. 3. Recommended Books: 1. 1995. USA. 2000. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species. India. USA. Yandermeer J. R. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity. McGraw Hill Publishing Company.Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram.. C.M. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture. Study of index of diversity. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity. Boulder. New York.A. Experimental Plant Ecology.H. Agrocology. CBS Publishers and Distributors.P. E-11 Seminar 49 . and Sudha. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species. 2.Determination of density and abundance of plant species. Altreri.
that: 1. 5. 3. The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science. the Committee agreed on the following principles. 2. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. 4. it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme. availability of the faculty and other facilities. 50 . The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines. The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization. The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”.
6. 5. 21. 10. 3. 12. 26. 5. 8. 2.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1. 4. 11. 8. 4. Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. 20. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. 7. 13. 6. The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. 17. 15. 7. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 3. 2. 12. 24. 9. 10. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 . 22. 19. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. 9. 23. 11. 25. 18. 14. 16.
1994. Islamabad.S. Karachi. Environment People and Economy.F. Khan K. Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space. Recommended Books: 1. FURTHER READINGS 1. 1987. and Jorqensen.1991. Oxford University Press. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan. 1991. WCS. NCS. Mackenzie. Draft National Environmental Policy. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment. D.1995.. 4. Conservation Strategies. Relationship of culture. 52 . Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling. 3.E. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences. Environmental control Policies. S. Regional and International Environmental Issues. Amsterdam. Instruments and methods. development of concepts. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan. F. 2nd Edition. Geography of Pakistan. S. Hodder and Stoughton. Oxford University Press.A. 3. P. status of Terrestrial. Money. Conventions and Protocols in Global.E. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. London. and Bell. GOP and IUCN.. 1992. Carrying capacity and sustainable development. 2. Ball. S.DETAILS OF M. technology and resource use. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS).. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall. Mackenzie J. London Black Stone Press Ltd.1994. Provincial and Local Strategies. Hansen.. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems.. 2. Treaties. Elsevier.T.
1995. role and importance. Ed. sample collection and preservation. Demographic impact assessment. D. World Bank. A one Publishers Lahore. Assessment of environmental impacts. F & Bronstein. WB. Washington. Sectoral guidelines for EIA. Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements. social impact assessment. Air and Solid Waste. Burnt Hill. Greenberg (American Public Health Association). ed. process. UK. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review).Vanclay. 53 . Recommended Books: 1. 1993. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. History. Environment Department. Ministry of Environment. C. Recommended Books: 1. 3. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). Case Studies and review. 2. economic impact assessment. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants. 2. England. K. Chichester. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. opportunities and issues. Government of Pakistan. Environmental and Social Impact assessment. procedures and methods of EIA. Longman Scientific and Technical. John Wiley & Sons. DC.A. 1995. Gas Chromatography etc. Principles of physical. Longman House.. Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater.COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction. Environmental Chemical Analysis. Wastewater. Wood. COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. Harlow Essex. Environmental auditing. Cost benefit analysis of projects. A. ecological impact assessment. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery. sampling rules. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. Ahmed. FURTHER READINGS 1.
.COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project. Reasons for Project success or failure. Project Planning. principles and practices. Occupational Health: problems and issues. J. 1998. Project Planning and Approval Processes. 5. 2. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. work breakdown structure. A Guide to Project Management. J.. USA. Prentice Hall International Inc. R. Defining Project objectives. 1997. John Wiley and Sons. Lippmann. Nebel. development objectives.. Project Life Cycle. 2001. Oxford University Press New York. Project Initiation. 1st Ed. Writing Project Proposal. S. and Guidotti.. 1992. and Wright. 1st ed. Caeneross.2000. Planning Commission Performas. 2nd Ed. 2. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. de Kok. T. food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. Project Management Institute. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. Need identification. Park. Van Nostrand and Reinhold. B. Kjelllström. communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne. Environmental Health Engineering. outputs. Accident prevention and safety plans. Basic Environmental Health. Mantel s. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). Inc. A... 4.. Government Policies and Programs. air borne. means of verification. USA. 54 . specific objectives. feasibility study. R. 2002. T. Ergonomic and Safety. economic evaluation. Public health concept.. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. Wiley Interscience. Recommended Books: 1. L. 1st Ed. 3. Meredith J. UK. 1993. M/S Banarsid. T. K. activities. prevention and control. MS Project Recommended Books: 1.. safety techniques. assumptions. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. T. Yassi. COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems. inputs. New York. London. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic. indicators. Project Management: A Managerial Approach. M. Primary health care services. Resource Mobilization. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects).
energy resources of Pakistan. bio-energy resources. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management. industry and domestic sectors. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. 2001. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms. Recommended Books: 1. hydropower. 3. principles and elements of the process of EMS.L. nuclear) local. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. ISO Central Secretariat. Environmental auditing. OECD/IEA. 2007. Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. 2007. 6th Edition. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). E. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. D. data collection and interpretation.COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. St Luise Press. L. Sayre. Recommended Books: 1. alternate energy resources. Botkin. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family. 2. Paris. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). R. Michigan-January 2001. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources.M. Paris. sustainable energy management for agriculture. solar. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management.A. merits and demerits of wind. transport. 4th Edition. Related Environmental regulations. non-renewable and renewable. energy resources. 55 . 4. 1990b. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. Sources of data. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor. M. petroleum.B and Keller. 3. 2. Principles of cleaner production.. McKinney. 1998. USA. gas. and Yonavjak. Switzerland. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. Schoch. Environmental Auditing. types. D. John Wiley and Sons. uses.
plant invasions. T. Plant Ecology.). geographical and temporal patterns.Causes. Maarel. competition and coexistence. D. John Wiley & Sons. & Charlesworth. forests. ECOPE 29. 4. Blackwell Publishing. resources and plants. 1. water resources. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. K. Oxford UK. global aspects of plant ecology. Blackwell Publishing. Effects. survival and extinction. J. 2003. vegetation dynamics. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. John Wiley & Sons. Vegetation Ecology Ed. human activities and vegetation dynamics. 2003. COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. 3. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. The Green House Effect. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. Hardy. Springer. Life history strategies of plants. 3. 2005. Effects. etc. Modeling of climate change.COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. Species richness. types and their climatic effects. Earthscan Publication Ltd. Houghton. 5. 56 . and Solutions. Recommended Books: 1. J. Warrick. 2. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. John Wiley & Sons. Climate change and food production. Plant population dynamics. London.. management and restoration. 2005. Climate Change and Ecosystems. Climate Change . 2005. and Solutions. E & Muller-Hohenstein. 2004. ED. Berlin. B & Jager. UK. Introduction to Plant Population Biology.. Hardy.D. J.Causes. Silvertown. (Ed. climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture.T. types of climate change models. 2005. UK 1991. Chichester. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics. Recommended Books: 1. plant conservation. Climate Change . 1st Edition. Oxford. Shulze. E. D. Beck. 2. Green House Gases.
Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali. 3. Mcmillan. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation. Essentials of Conservation Biology.A.COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction. Forest plantations. Global and national biodiversity. Protection and restoration of species. Extinction of species. Blackwell Publsihing. Cambridge University Press. Biodiversity: An introduction.(2nd Ed. Oxford University Press. Recommended Books: 1. distribution. J.B. USA. Cambridge. Forests. Weddell. Establishment and management of protected areas. Sustainable forest management. management. B. I). Rangeland management. Conserving Living Natural Resources.L. Publishers Sunderland. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity. Cambridge.J. COURSE 11 WILDLIFE. 2002. Oxford University Press. threats and conservation. Sinauer Assocaites. II). Loss of biodiversity. Wildlife Ecology and Management. 1992.J. E. S. Wildlife of Pakistan. Recommended Books: 1. Roberts. FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. their importance. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan. And Bolen.J. Protected areas. their types and role in conservation. K. Principles of Wildlife Management. T. S. kinds. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity. & Ripley. Status of forests in Pakistan. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. T. types. Oxford.D.J. 3. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management. Inc. W. 4. distribution. 1998. types. their ecological and economic importance.G. deforestation and its control. 2002. R. 57 . Oxford University Press. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. 2004. Oxford. problems and solutions. 1986. Roberts. biological diversity. & Spicer. Protected areas in Pakistan. 5. John Wiley And Sons. status. 1984. Oxford. Threatened animals and plants. UK. 2. Consumptive. its causes. J. Wetlands. Primack. Robinson. 1973 2. Bailey. habitats and ecosystems. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. distribution and management.) Gaston. UK. Participatory forest management. London.
SAGE Publications Ltd. urbanization in Pakistan. S. urban systems and their characteristics. Longman Group. Penguin Group. C.. 2004. 2007.. Islamabad. 2000. Forms of urbanization. management of transport. Environmental problems of urban life. H.. 1986. Silberstein. Planning and Urban Change.. 1993. A. sanitation. Government of Pakistan. USA. E&UA Div. New York. G. Introducing Town Planning. UK. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. London. Ministry of Housing and Works. J. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages.COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction. Urban land use planning and management. V. USA. CRC Press LLC. urban landscape characteristics.and Maser. UK. Clara. urban political ecology. 2. Kate. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. drinking water and solid waste in cities. Ward. Sustainable cities. Urban planning and management in Pakistan. future of urban centers. 58 . Recommended Books: 1. The Works: Anatomy of a City. 4. 3.
a) Functional English Grammar 1. 1997. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1. Martinet.Annexure . Thomson and A. ISBN 0194313492 59 . Exercises 1.A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. Practical English Grammar by A. Oxford University Press.J. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase.V. Third edition. Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure.
style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 . Reading. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. minutes of meetings. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. Upper Intermediate. b) Practical English Grammar by A.J. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. Thomson and A. intensive and extensive. 1997. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. and speed reading. Fourth Impression 1993.V. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Writing. Exercises 2. Oxford University Press. Third edition. Third Impression 1992. Oxford Supplementary Skills.2. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. Martinet. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. Reading/Comprehension 1. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin.
ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos.V. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. 2. descriptive and argumentative writing). Reading. Advanced by Ron White. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Writing. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Exercises 2. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. b) Writing 1. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Writing. Reading 1. Practical English Grammar by A. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Writing. Advanced. narrative. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. Oxford University Press 1986. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 . Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. Third edition. Third Impression 1992. content. language. introduction to presentations. Martinet. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. Thomson and A. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Fourth Impression 1993. clarity. Oxford Supplementary Skills.1. Fourth Impression 1992. discursive. form. Third Impression 1991. 2. c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive.J.
St. Compiled by norther Illinois University. Kirszner and Stephen R. 3. Kathleen Shine Cain. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. argumentative and report writing). descriptive.(particularly suitable for discursive. A Custom Publication. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. Martin’s Press. College Writing Skills by John Langan. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. Mandell. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. without taxing the taste of engineering students). 62 . 2. 2004.
M. Akbar. Course Outline 1. national development. Indus Civilization ii. Society and social structure c. Economic institutions and issues b. politics. ideological background of Pakistan. State & Society in Pakistan. Safdar. Zaidi. Contemporary Pakistan a. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. Historical Perspective a. 2. S. 1988-99 f. Ethnicity d. Muslim advent iii. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan.Annexure . Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. government. Lahore. 1971-77 d. 1977-88 e. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. 1958-71 c. 3. 2. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. S. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. . Burke and Lawrence Ziring. Shahid Javed.B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. contemporary Pakistan. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. Study the process of governance. 63 Books Recommended 1. Karachi: Oxford University Press. People and Land i. 2000. 1947-58 b. Mehmood. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. Location and geo-physical features. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki. b. 4. 1994. 1999 onward 3. 1993.
1980. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. History & Culture of Sindh. Mehmood. 7.K. M. Wayne. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. II & III. Noor ul. Pakistan Under Martial Law.5. 6. Institute of Public Policy Research. 14. 8. Wilcox. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Rafique. Safdar. 1976. 1967. Party. 1972. Sayeed. Khalid Bin. nd..The Emergence of Banglades. Vol. Lahore: Vanguard. The Political System of Pakistan. Islamabad. Political Parties in Pakistan. Washington: American Enterprise. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. Ethno . K. 1993. 1998. Politics in Pakistan. 9. 1980. 13. Club Road. 10. 11. Muhammad Waseem. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia. 1987. 64 . Enigma of Political Development. I. Afzal.National Movement in Pakistan. Karachi: Royal Book Company. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. Tahir. Ziring. Lawrence. Amin. Ansar. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. Haq. Aziz. 12. Zahid. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research.
20) Related to thinking.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.40.57.21.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (188.8.131.52.A.A.19.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.A.A.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 .Annexure . 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.Tadabar (Verse No1.
3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt. in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .
“Studies in Islamic Law. IRI. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad.S. International Islamic University. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad.3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. Ahmad Hasan. Islamabad (2001) 67 .” Hussain Hamid Hassan. “Emergence of Islam” . Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. Bhatia. Pakistan. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University.
Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. complex numbers. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. determinants. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. Boston Swokowski EW. set operations. geometric progression. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. Houghton & Mifflin. introduction to sets. 1987. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. not majoring in mathematics. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. PWS-Kent Company. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. trigonometric identities. Boston 68 . Sharron S. Wooton W. College Algebra and Trigonometry. equations reducible to quadratic equations. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. Beckenback EF. cube roots of unity. types. 1978.Annexure . Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. functions. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. 1986. PWS-Kent Company. types of functions.D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. harmonic progression. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. matrix inverse. system of linear equations. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Cramer’s rule. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations.
distance between a point and a line. solution of equations involving absolute values. 1995. inequalities. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. 1983. rational and transcendental functions. 69 . slope of a line. 2005. 2005. Addison-Wesley. Davis S. Finney AR. angle between two lines. various forms of equation of a line. Boston Thomas GB. integration by substitution. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. Reading. Bevens I. distance between two points. USA 3. continuity. not majoring in mathematics. differentiation of polynomial.2. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Calculus (3rd edition). John Wiley. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Calculus (11th edition). Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). continuous functions. Recommended Books: Anton H. not majoring in mathematics. Ma. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. left-hand and right-hand limits. parallel and perpendicular lines. equation of a line. derivatives. Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. integration by parts. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. New York Stewart J. functions and their graphs. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. change of variables in indefinite integrals. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. PWS-Kent Company. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. intersection of two lines.
Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). equations reducible to quadratic equations. PWS-Kent Company. • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. ellipse. nature of roots of quadratic equations. types of matrices. : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. Boston 4. 1986. College Algebra and Trigonometry. 1987. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. Scott. Conic Sections: Parabola. 1969 Kaufmann JE. PWS-Kent Company. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). intersection of lines and circles. Analytic Geometry. Freshman and Company. locus of a point in various conditions. determinants. : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations.Circle: Equation of a circle. Boston Swokowski EW. Cramer’s rule. functions. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. circles determined by various conditions. hyperbola. set operations. • Contents 1. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. inverse of matrices. Introduction to sets. system of linear equations. types of functions. 70 .
Measures of dispersion: Range. 2. 2. trigonometric identities. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. relationship of statistics with social science. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. 4. Boston. Latest Edition. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. E. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’.... circle and trigonometric functions. frequency polygon. skewness and kurtosis. variance. R. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. 5. cumulative frequency curve. 3. ungrouped and grouped data. E. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. PWS-Kent Company. R. Graphs: Graph of straight line. individual. E. W. Kaufmann. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. Books Recommended: 1. tally sheet method. Wilcox. discrete and continuous series. moments. quartiles. Latest Edition. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. Latest Edition. Prentice Hall.geometric and harmonic progressions.. R. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Swokowski. bar frequency diagram histogram. Walpole. characteristics of statistics. J. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. array. deciles and percentiles. 71 . standard deviation. types of frequency series.
logarithmic integration. Addison Wesley publishing company. sinusoidal function. Calculus Single and Multivariable.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. Inc. 1983. Calculus. 11th Edition. Bevens. 2005. 2005. Least-Squares Line. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. and Transcendental Functions. 8th edition. Second Edition 1992. 2002. Boston. 6. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. integration by inspection. Leibnitz’ theorem. integration by parts. plane polar coordinates. Mathews. Trigonometric Functions. integral inequalities. Elliott Mendelson. special points of a function. Prentice-Hall. Thomas. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. John Wiley & Sons. • Integration Integration from first principles. E. I. Calculus. 3. Inequalities. Anton. Calculus. substitution method. the inverse of differentiation. Contents 1. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. 3rd Edition. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. 1999. Frank A. H. applications of integration. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function.Jr. Continuity. Recommended Books: 1. McCallum. Inc. infinite and improper integrals. Slope of a Line. 4th edition. Integration by Parts. 5. Extreme Values of Functions. S. logarithmic differentiation. Continuous Functions. 6. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . Rational and Transcendental Functions. Schaum’s Outline Series. Gleason. the chain rule. et al. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. reduction formulae. Swokowski. W. Rational Functions. 2. Equation of a Line. 2. Hughes-Hallett. Solution of equations involving absolute values. quotients. Davis. implicit differentiation. Jhon Willey & Sons. theorems of differentiation. John H. products. 4. integration using partial fractions.
arithmetico-geometric series. modulus and argument. division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4. complex conjugate. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. the difference method. geometric series. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 . identities of hyperbolic functions.Additions and subtraction. series involving natural numbers. finding the nth roots of unity. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. approximation errors in Taylor series. solving hyperbolic equations. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. inverses of hyperbolic functions. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. multiplication.
Hermitian. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. Pappus’ theorems. symmetric and antisymmetric. moments of inertia. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. 6. orthogonal. of a unitary matrix.5. scalar triple product. vector product. masses. line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 . line to line. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. point to plane. centers of mass and centroids. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. the inner product.
curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. divergence of a vector field. spherical polar coordinates 75 . div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates.8. Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. combinations of grad.
Median and mode. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Statistical problem. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Population. sample design and sampling frame. Ogive for Discrete Variable. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Observations. Poisson and Normal Distribution. The Mode. properties of Good Average. Exercises. Significant digits. Probability and Probability Distributions. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Historigram. Coefficient of variation. Editing of Data. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Unit 5. Change of origin and scale. Type-I and Type-II errors. level of significance. Standardized variables. Exercises. Unit 7. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Exercises. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Absolute and relative measures. Sources. Exercises. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Diagrams. The Variance and standard deviation. 76 . sampling with and without replacement. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. Box and Whisker Plot. acceptance and rejection regions. Histogram. bias. Moments and Moments ratios. The semi-Interquartile Range. null and alternative hypothesis.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Exercises. Unit 4. Unit 3. Bar charts. Exercises Unit 6. probability and non-probability sampling. sampling and non sampling errors. Presentation of Data Introduction. Graphs and their Construction. Difference of means and proportions. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Types of frequency curves. The Mean Deviation. definition of outliers and their detection. Errors of measurement.Annexure . Test statistics. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Different types of Averages. Empirical Relation between Mean. Data. Collection of primary and secondary data. Range. Unit 2. Exercises. Stem and Leaf Display. Rounding of a Number. Pie chart. Quantiles. Discrete and continuous variables.
F. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. 3rd Ed. Unit 11.Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. 1982. Inc. its estimation and interpretation. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. Contingency Tables. 2 Muhammad. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. R. simple linear regression. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table.. Regression and Correlation Introduction. cause and effect relationships. Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole. Macmillan Publishing Co.. 2005. Kitab Markaz. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. r and R2. Exercises Unit 10.Unit 8. Correlation. E.Single Population Introduction. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. Testing of Hypothesis. 77 . New York. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. examples. “Introduction to Statistics”. Exercises. Exercises Unit 9. Coefficient of linear correlation.
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