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For BS MS
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………
6 12 14 50 51
The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30. universities and other institutions of higher education. D773/76-JEA (cur. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic. SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 . The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. The world has turned into a global village.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. respective accreditation councils and stake holders. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. Lahore. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years.PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees.). appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards.ALTAF ALI G. degree awarding institutions. PROF.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses. imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge. the Federal Government vide notification No. 2009 at the HEC Regional Center. R&D organizations. 63. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration. and 36. It is. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. dated December 4th 1976. therefore. DR. It also aimed to give a basic.
QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. COL. EXP. OF FINAL CURRI. OF CURRI. LI R&D HEC Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. UNI. OF DRAFT BY NCRC REVIEW IMPLE. Preparation 5 . Abbreviations Used: NCRC. OF NCRC. REC. PREP. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREP. IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. R&D.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRI. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I PREP. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRI.
Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre. April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. 7. Lahore Member 6. Dr. Dr. Karachi from 28-30. Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. Rawalpindi Dr. Member 5. Member 4. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr. Member 6 . Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. Following attended the meeting:1. Member 3. Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head. Rawalpindi Dr. Dr. Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall.
8. Dr. Dr. Dr. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr. Prof. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr. Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof. Dr. 7 . Member 10. Dr. Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof. 13. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. Member 16. Member 15. Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9. Member 11. Member 14. Karachi Member 12. Dr. Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore. Prof. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi.
Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. Member 19. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards. Faisalabad Member 18. Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University. Mr. Islamabad coordinated the meeting. 2. Karachi. the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. Mr. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr. Secretary Dr. Dr. 8 . Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. Chairman. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. Director of HEC Regional Center.17. Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society. At first. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. Member 20. The meeting was opened by Mr. Dr. 1. Shafiq-ur-Rehman. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission.
The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities. 3. The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 . The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses. The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. 6. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development. 5. 1. 4. Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. The committee thanked Mr. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development. The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity. In last few centuries. Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. 2.3.
skills and behaviour patterns. in its preliminary meeting. RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. 5. This committee. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility. and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. Apply theoretical understanding. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science. ii. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today. regional and global contexts. professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii. Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 . Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i. Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development.
The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2. eight semesters in the semester system. assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science. 3. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English. 4. skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes. Integrating natural sciences. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. with consensus. The medium of instruction. DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee. 6. that: 1. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration.. 2. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i.e. The 11 . 1. Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment. Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature. 5. UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3. Sc. A. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F. pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes.
The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order. Environmental Microbiology 21. Climatology* 23. English-III 18. Fundamentals of Ecology 20. English-II 12.proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. English-I 6. Biology –II* 9. Sociology/Anthropology* 11. Environmental Pollution 22. Introduction to Environmental Science 2. SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1. Environmental Physics 16. Introduction to Computer 14. Psychology* . Biology –I* 3. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7. Basic Chemistry* 4. Environmental Chemistry 15. Introductory Economics* 17. Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19. Introduction to Earth Science 8. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13.
44. Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25. 45. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31. ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28. Opt. 46. Applied Ecology 26. Environmental Economics 29. Environmental Biotechnology 32. Environmental Management Systems 34. Biodiversity & Conservation 35. Climate Change 38. Environmental Impact Assessment 39. ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37. Natural Resource Management 40. ELECTIVE-III 42. Research Methods in Environmental Science 41. English-IV/ Univ.24. Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours . Environmental toxicology 27. Environmental Monitoring 36. GIS & Remote Sensing 33.
• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical. • Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .
. R. 6th Ed.L. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. ecological. socio-economic. Schoch. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development. and their relationships with various environmental factors. its importance in human life. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts. E. urbanization. environmental pollution. 2002. proteins and nucleic acids. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment. lipids. B.J. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY . 10th Ed. 4th Ed. Different aspects of environment: physical.M.T. Major components of environment: physico-chemical. & Nebel. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society..DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline. 15 . regional. Pearson Educational. 2. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Environmental Science: working with the Earth. 2007.A.I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth. John Wiley & Sons. Miller. Environmental Science: systems and solutions. The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms. R. national. biological and social. 2007 3. development in industry and agriculture. Botkin. philosophical. M. & Yonavjak. Recommended Books: 1. 4.B & Keller. D. Thomson Learning. 2007. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates. poverty and resource depletion. McKinney. Wright. ethical. history. current global. G. Human environment and its problems: global. L.
Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell. Cell division. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. A.Hill International Edition. Crossley. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin.. G. R. coordinate covalent bond. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology. Ltd. V. and Lewis.. R. Starr. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. 2003. Canada. carbohydrates. the molecule of genetic information and replication. Lingappa. carbonyls. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. 16 . J. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. Self Assessment and Revie. N. covalent. Study of mitosis in onion root tip.. amines). functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. Structure and the basis of function. chemical diversity. origin of metabolism. 1996. lipids. 5. USA. Plopper. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. 1. Nucleic acids. USA. Aromatic compounds. Bulter. 2. and Whitelaw. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. proteins. 8th Ed. Wadsworth Group. New York. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions. Australia . carboxylic acids. 4. Molecular Biology through Questions. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. 2008. Cells. Origin of life: chemical evolution. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa. Lewis. McGraw. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. polypeptides in protein diversity. D. 2007. phospholipids in membrane systems. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods. 3. The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. 5th Edetion. Introduction to cell biology. E. B. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding. M. USA. Shier.. esters. Ionic. 2007. protobionts. Biology: a Human Emphasis. chemical basis of life. L.. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations. The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. Cassimeris. lipids. C.
2005. concepts of six basic trigonometric functions.D. geometric and harmonic sequence. USA. and Reid. P. COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences. Measurement of pH. 2nd Edition. UK.E.. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field.. series and means. and Holler. Surface chemistry. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. 4. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles. Jones and Barlett. M. W.J.. 2nd Edition. 1st Ed. Andrews. 3. 2004. P. Recommended Books: 1. angle-sum formula. coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane. Osmosis and Dialysis. normal solutions/buffers. graphs.. determinants. Cambridge University Press. Jickells. radicals. Canada. molal. 8th Edition. D.. D. Algebra of matrices. B.A. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. Solution chemistry.. Blackwell Science. law of Cosines. Brimblecombe. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane.K. Matrices and Determinants: Matrix. Skoog. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional). Qualitative Chemical Analysis. Use of spectrophotometric techniques. 2004. D. J. USA. UK.S. 2003. Binomial theorem (Simple applications). Lab Work Preparation of molar. real line. 17 . 2. Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers. Understanding Environmental Pollution. Freeman and Company. EC and TDS in waste water. 2004.H.J. simultaneous equations and their solutions. T. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula. double angle formulas.Special Products (Binomial Expression).E. Thomson and Brooks.C. Column chromatography. Liss. West. Hill. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. J. F. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. 5. Photochemical reactions. Principles of Environmental Chemistry.. straight line and related concepts. values of trigonometric functions. expansion of determinants. Colloids chemistry. minor and cofactor of a matrix.M. Girard. equations of lines (linear equations). Harris. 6th Edition. Sequence and series: Arithmetic. Thin layer chromatography... basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations).ions.
B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. mountain building. Introduction to rocks and minerals. New Delhi. Thomas. Smith. Integration: Formulas of integration. weathering and erosion. 3. Weathering. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions.. R. Narosa Publishing House. irreducible quadratic factors.Cramer’s Rule. G. Jr. product and quotient rules without derivations). and Finney. composition and its internal structure. joints. Fossils and their significance. Earth as a member of solar system. the processes of their formation. 2. 18 . California. Scott Foresman and Company. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. different earth processes like mountain buildings. Trignometry for College students. Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography. earthquakes. 4th Ed. lineation and unconformities. by parts integration (simple applications). Pacific Grove. faults. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. theorems on differentiation (sum. 4. earthquakes and volcanoes. Introduction to sedimentary. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. Analytical Geometry. Recommended Books: 1. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. J. D. cleavages. age. Chatterjee. plate tectonics. COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure . This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals. 10th Ed. S. difference. 1999. erosion and related landforms.B. foliation. Addission.Wesley. K. its origin. Chain rule. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension. L. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. Introduction to folds. Abraham. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation.A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure . igneous and metamorphic rocks. nonrepeated linear factors.. theorem of integration. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors.
J.. causes of extinction. Geographical aspects of biodiversity. Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology.. Wicander. G. Biodiversity of canal. Lamarckism. Recommended Books: 1. Field Study tour. 5th Edition. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis. K. and Monroe. consequences of losing biodiversity. Brooks/Cole. Biodiversity of deserts. COURSE 8 BIOLOGY . 5. unicellularity. D. and Tasa.. Biodiversity of hilly areas. Darwinism. 2005. F. population loss and decline.. E. 2007 2.. Use of brunton compass and GPS. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification. Foundations of Structural Biology. molecular basis of biodiversity. protocell formation. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water. and Tasa. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. Geological time chart with biodiversity. multicellularity. biodiversity crises. 2007 3. Routledge. Prentice Hall: 2006. animals). Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life. K. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories. How Does Earth Work. R.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps. Life in sea.Identification of rocks and minerals. Prentice Hall. 4. 2004. examples of adjustments in varied environment.II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution. Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. J. 3rd Edition. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. Earth Science. F. R. measuring biodiversity. 9th Edition... Lutgens. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms. Prentice Hall. invasion of life on land. Lutgens.. Tarbuck. 19 . 11th Edition. modern concepts. Physical Geology and Process of Science. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants. Smith. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat. J. different classification systems. interactions among diversified life. crucial for organisms’ sustainability. A. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation. D.. G. and Pun. Park. Tarbuck. E.
3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment.K. Biology. 2009. J. Environmental Risks and the Media. 2. Walnut Creek. Understanding the environment-human relationship. 4. Wadsworth Group. UK. Consumption. 3. 2005. power & hegemony. USA. (editor). R. John Wiley and Sons. UK. (editors). Biodiversity (An Introduction). 2003. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology. 2009. Bradbury. Tripartite nature of environment. Contemporary environmental status. 20 . The Ecology of global consumer culture. J.E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. Crumley. Use of environment for vested interest. and Spicer.. Chronological. Recommended Books: 1. The Biosphere. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. Hannen. L. 5th Edition. Perspective of human-environment evolution. IL:WavelandPress. C. Nora and Wilk. Starr. New York: New York University Press. 2001. and concerns. Culture. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. P. Adam. I. Gaston. Allan & Carter. CA: AltaMira Press. 2. 2000. UK. 2006. culture and society. globalization and environmental issues. Goals and expectations. I. COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure . The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions. 2nd Edition. Townsend. and Sustainable Living. Conceptualizing environment. Contemporary environment issues and debate. Inc. Inc.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. Routledge. K. C. K. New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. Scope and application. 3.. a Human Emphasis. Blackwell Science Ltd. Prospect Heights.
Fundamentals of computer. Course Outlines Definition. Ed. Operating system (Windows). After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry. 2003. 6. processing hardware.5. Types and classification of computers. physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry. Ms-Power Point. system software. Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure . Ms-Excel. 2. internet. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Courter. 21 . Ms-Access. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion. Milton. Hardware: Input Hardware. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere. output hardware. Introduction to MS-Word. Rutledge. Configurations.BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment. K. e-mail. Long N.C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components. Storage hardware. computer programs and basic applications. G. software packages. Recommended Books: 1.H.Microsoft office 2000.London 1996.6th Ed. Selin.1999. Marquis A. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered. as are their effects on the biosphere. Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures. Local Area Network. Long l. Software: Application software... COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure .
Liquids and Gasses. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems. Heat radiation and heat transfer. Turbulent jets and plumes. Global climate and climatic change. Human perceptions and noise criteria. Entropy. 2. Conversion of mass. Solar spectrum.M.G. J. Germany... interaction of light with matter. photosynthesis. J. and Singh. Canada. 1999. Miller. Transport of pollutants. Active control of sound. Turbulent diffusion. M. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts. Fundamentals of aquatic. Diffusion. Liss. their sources and toxic actions. J. DoriaSerrano. Nuclear energy. Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics.. Hernandez-Esparza.D. Recommended Books: 1. 2004. Solids. Energy conversion.. 5. 4. B. Blackwell Science. UK. Sound and Noise.. Springer. Thomson-Brooks. T. Basic acoustics. and Reid. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. P..E. Jones and Barlett.E. Gaussian plumes in the air.. trophic level. K. G. 2005. Energy. Banerji Prentice Hall of India. Radioactivity and nuclear physics.Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light. Environmental impact of various industries. Fregoso-Infante. 2nd Edition. Ozone and UV light. India. its causes and adverse effects on environment. Turbulence. atmospheric and soil chemistry. Reducing the transmission of sound. 1st Edition.S. Fate of pollutants in environment. Samir. Chemical reactions. Environmental Chemistry. Principles of Environmental Chemistry..T. Isotopes and radioactive decay. P. 3. A. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer. COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter. Girard. M. 2004. 2008. Electromagnetic radiation. Environmental Science... Measurement and comparison of the 22 . Particle physics. C.J. USA. Environmental Chemistry. Ozone chemistry. Brimblecombe.. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light. Equations of fluid dynamics. Jickells. Andrews. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants. Ibanez.
COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. Economic management and environmental quality. economic growth. Impact of economic activity on environment. 2008.1998. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter. Praxis publishing. P. 2001. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. R. Wesely Publishers. 2008. poverty. Recommended Books: 1. economic growth and its measurement.. and Van Grondelle. 2. John Wiley and Sons Inc.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. Physics of the Environment and Climate. Field visit. S. Growth and Environment. concepts and measurement. Guyot. H. 4. Seinfeld. World Bank Publications. UK. Natural resources and the economy. Boeker. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior.Economic development. Environmental economics. C. Todaro. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development. 2006. USA. Sustainable development. 23 . Man environmental relationship. Pakistan economic context: National income. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. 2. Economic Development. J. producer and community point of view. Growth and development. Routledge. USA. Measures for sustainable development. New York. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Producer behavior. 3. USA. economic progress. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. M. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods. S. and Pandis. interaction between ecology and economic management. Recommended Books: 1. G. Introductory Environmental Physics. Kentucky USA. E. population and environmental quality. 2001. and Resource allocation. 7th Ed. Economic functions of environment. Yusuf. Course Outlines Introduction to economics. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. N. economic welfare and difference among all. Environmental Physics. USA. Smith.
community.. England. DeVeer. J. the ethics of soil. 3. ethics and ecology. species.. population. SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology. COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure . Farmington Hills. 2009. R. 2.. Hanley. Ecosystem and its types. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. Course Outlines Introduction. Portland 1967.A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems. C. Economics. its fundamental concepts. B. 2007. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy. levels of ecological organization. soil.. World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. concepts and approaches. role of light. N. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. community and ecosystem. B. Natural philosophy. Frodeman. 4. 2008. branches of ecology. 4. B. and White. WCIV7AA. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy. Environmental Critics of agriculture. Palgrave Macmillan. Kessinger Publishing. and systems ecology. A History of Western Philosophy.3. World Bank Publications. Recommended Books: 1. Swift. water. & Pierce. M. D.A. 24 . biogeography. London. Russell. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. Callicott. temperature. Environmental philosophy and ethics. J. 2002. International Thomson Publishing. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale. Touchstone Books. 2008. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy.V. Introduction to ethical theory. USA. USA. description of population. LLC. Shogren. Ecology.
C. role and application of microorganisms in the environment. E P. Recommended Books 1. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. characteristics of urban. Microbial metabolism. C. aero-microbiology and food microbiology. New Delhi. M. ecological modeling.L and Reiss. Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. 1992. King’s College London. community dynamics. agricultural and industrial ecosystems. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems.Cox. 1999 4. Ecology (concepts and applications. COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment. 1st Ed. UK. Biogeochemical cycles of C. and More. bacteria and eukarya.W. 6th Ed. Dash. Ecology (principles and applications). landscape ecology. Odum. New York. 2004. 3. Fundamentals of Ecology. distribution limits. habitat and niche. B. UK. plant geography and animal distribution. Thomson Brooks/Cole. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. Chapman. Populations. J. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. aquatic microbiology. with special emphasis on their environmental impact. M C J 1st ed. 2001 5. 5th Ed. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). Cambridge University Press. Concepts of Limiting factors. Population distribution and abundance. 2. WCB/McGraw-Hill. Ecosystem: structure and function. Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. productivity of different ecosystems.topography and air as ecological factors. population dynamics. landscape changes and their importance. N.) Moles. J. and Barett. various concepts of community. Fundamentals of Ecology. G. Lab Work 25 . biotic factors. P. Systems ecology. Microbiology of terrestrial environments. students will be able to understand the significance. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea. 2000. After completion of this course. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. M J. Biomes of the world. Tata McGraw-Hill. and S.
Soil. (Elsevier) USA. Understanding Environmental Pollution. C.G.W. 1995. American Society for Microbiology. C.and Brendecke. Weiner. D.P.. 2005. Collection. Harley. Noise. peppor. Case Studies. Effects of Pollutants. USA. Solid Waste generation..L.Gerba. Washington DC. M. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water.L. P. Pollution Control Strategies. Water. purification and preservation. L. Crawford. Fate of Environmental Pollutants. J.F.P. 4th Edition. 2005. New Jersey.P. 3..C.J. L.A. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution. McInernery. Environmental Microbiology. Academic Press. Academic Press. and Zuberer..J. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual.M. Hurrst. Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents. Mean plate count. USA. Maier. Recommended Books: 1. and Klein. and Gerba.V.. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally. D. 2. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines.M.. and Jeffery.A.I. R. Prescott.and Vesilaind. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel.. A. 26 . W. Types of Environmental pollution: Air.. M. Microbiology. Knudsen. 2nd Edition. Hartel. J. its sources and their effects.J. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology.1998. Manual of Environmental Microbiology. International Protocols (BASAL Convention). Hill. Peiece.. UK. Pepper.M. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution. Sylvia. 2007. R. Academic Press.K...R. Human & other living organisms. and Stetzenbach. 4.J. Recommended Books 1. transportation & treatments. Cambridge UK. 2 Edition. 3. Environmental Pollution and Control.J. 2002.D. Butterworth-Heinemann.B. J.Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal. McGraw Hill Inc.L. Dilution plate technique..A. I. isolation. D. Marine & Industrial pollution. F. USA. 2. London. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution. USA. 5.. G. P. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic. Fuhrmann. Cambridge University Press. 2005. Prentice Hall. nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution. USA. 2009.
Houghton J. 2006 5. Spyros. 1988.. Heat and the Earth's atmosphere.W. Shamshad. Marcel Dekkar.K. Weather and Climate. The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan. Lawrance K. 6th Edition. Climatology. Lutgens. processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History. air pressure. global circulation. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . Mechanism of heat transfer. Pandis. 2002. 4. 1992.J.2nd Editions. The Atmosphere.M.F. Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided. 2. John Wiley and Sons. The climate of Pakistan. Tarbuck.4. COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems. K. Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere. Radiation and climate. 27 . climatic zones of Pakistan. COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences. Austin Miller. Factors affecting air Pressure. Environmental psychology. Cloud Classification. Recommended Books: 1. Karachi. condensation and cloud Formation. Cambridge University Press. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. Royal book company. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere.From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld.E. Surface winds. The Hydrologic cycle. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment. local winds. Four Spheres of the Earth. American Public Health Association (APHA).. 2003. A. A brief historical background and schools of psychology. N. Sadder. 5. The Physics of Atmospheres. John H. Solar radiations. Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. .. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications. 3.. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology. Methods of psychology.
Water and distribution of species. CRC Press. Pollution control through Ecology. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. Future water scenario of Pakistan. Sustainable livestock management practices. Routledge.A. Background and scope. 2. Fundamental of Psychology. their management and ecological restoration. soil salinity and water logging.D. P. Routledge. soil resources of Pakistan. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine.. Environmental perception and cognition. solar radiation and primary production.. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. Bell. Fisher J. sustainable agriculture.C. Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. Greene. Sustainable agricultural practices. M. species response to pollutants. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. energy and carbon balance.characteristics and research methods. carbon dioxide and global climate change. concepts. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. Environmental Psychology. Course Outline Introduction. High population density and psychological impacts. rivers. Eysenck. London. T. Ecology of food production.W. Ecological restoration. Recommended Books: 1. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. 5th Edition. 2001. Restoration of derelict lands. 28 . limitation of irrigated agriculture. soil erosion and conservation. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species. threats and mitigation. techniques and methods of restoration. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. 1992. and Baum A. Soil as a natural resource. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture. London. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts. COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. CRC Press. Water as an ecological resource. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives.
W. 3.. Foundations of Restoration Ecology. Studies in Pakistan Geography. dose response relationship in living organisms. B. D. Falk. Potentiation and Addition. 1996. 5. P. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic. and Barett. Zedler. Thomson Brooks/Cole. 2004. Immunological considerations in toxicology. K and Habib. 29 . Determination of chemicals in biological samples. J. from natural and anthropogenic sources. Peshawar..S. Organs. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals. Toxicity: Types and its measurement. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants.P. Island Press. Islamabad.. Newman. Odum E. G.I. Synergism.Recommended Books: 1. COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals.1998. Blackwell Scientific Publications. Oxford. water and soil. 2000 2. Shirkat Gah. Soil Science. 1989. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system. 2nd ed. in vivo & in vitro assays. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. Pakistan’s Environment. on human and other living organisms. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. Margaret A. USA. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History. A. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms. and Hobbs. A. and Memon. terminologies: Poisons. University of Peshawar. toxicity screening using microbial systems. 2006. E. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications.. Fundamentals of Ecology. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. biological effects. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. Rashid. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents. toxins & toxicants. Lahore. Determination of Interaction of chemicals. their containment and control strategies. toxins vs toxicants. soil and air samples. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water. 5th Edition.A. Mumtaz. 4. Israr-ud-Din. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management. J. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. Chemical interactions and their types. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures. K. toxicology of chemicals. R.National Book Foundation.
1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development.1 & 2. 2005 2. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology. 1st Edition. Recommended Books: 30 . USA.Recommended Books 1.D. Hughes. international trade and the environment. Economic: agriculture. economic development and the environment. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York. Macmillan Press Ltd.). State of the Environment-Pakistan . Environmental Profile of Pakistan. pollution control-a general model. Ecological: ecological zones. clean development mechanism. geography. 3. W. economic aspects of different environmental problems. CRC Press Llc. Williams. M. W. Recommended Books 1. 1996. measuring environmental benefits. McGrawhill. 1st Edition.Science of Poisons . the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements. USA. COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development. land. Course Outlines Introduction to history. B. the economy and the environment. 3. the economic benefits of different environmental resources. culture. 1993.. USA. industry.M. water resources. education. health. T and Turner. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement. P. First and Second law of Thermodynamics. 5th Edition. Government of Pakistan. people. Vol. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann. (ed. General and Applied Toxicology. topographic zones. Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. Ballantyne. urbanization and pollution. Course Outlines Introduction.2005 2. 1992. major ecosystems. Klassen.
K.R. 2003. Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH. Sparrow and D.J. M..I. 2000. Pearce. Conductivitymetry. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association). handling. and F.. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling. 2. Thomson and Brooks.A.C. 1993. Australia. COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. M..W. Gravimetery. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual. 31 . I. BOD.I. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin. USA. and derived S. Use of Potentiometery. Titrimetery. Oxford. Skoog. Sample preservation methods. Turner. water and plant analysis..2004. D. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction. Oxford University Press.K..UK. B. Gravimetery.2002. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. L. 2005. West. Johns Hopkins University Press. Harris. salinity & sodicity). 4. J. Titrimetery. D.1. 1999.L. 8th Edition. Conductivitymetry. 3. C. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive. Reuter. NO3–N & NH4-N). Recommended Books: 1. soil (NPK and organic matter contents. units. Collingwood. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery. Freeman & Co. Biomarkers in environmental assessment. Sample collection. Environmental Economics. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. preparation and storage. Lab Work S. Analytical techniques for soil.. and Batemen. Environmental Economics: An Introduction. COD. All Solids. K. 3. A.D. CSIRO Publ. D. 6th Edition. Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve. precision and accuracy. Data interpretation for quality control. Holler. 2. Fluoride. Standard solutions and standard curves. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. Spectroscopy and Chromatography. New York.and Field. D. Peverill. Field. C. Kolstad.
Biosensor. 2005. New York. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. J.W. Course Outlines Introduction. USA. National Biosafety Guidelines. 4. Sambrook. Isolation.E. PCR. 2001. 2007. 2009. Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants. 2nd Ed. Hans- Joachim.).P. National Biotechnology Commission. J. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns. Cambridge University Press.. Government of Pakistan.. Chichoster. Smith. Bioreactors. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment. and Russel. J. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures. D. Scragg. USA.D. Recommended Books 1. Introduction to microbial kinetics. COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 . Oxford University Press. Biomarkers. purification and preservation of DNA. W. New York. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. Wiley-VCH Verlag. Recombinant DNA technology. Germany.COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. and application of biotechnology in the environment. 3. 5th Ed. Derbre.living organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution. Environmental Biotechnology. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques. Tools in environmental biotechnology.1999. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms. students will be able to understand the significance. After completion of this course. 2005. and Josef. (ed. England. A. Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems. Biotechnology. USA. Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques. 2.
Preparation of thematic maps. 2000. history and platforms. Dessinov. Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. Forestry. Interpretation. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. Z. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. analysis and output. Guilfoud press New York. Agriculture. integration of information from many sources. Cartography. Introduction to GIS. Lulla. 5. COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . 2009. History and data collection. 2. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). Rancez. 3. John Wiley and Sons. Different types of maps. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. Mc Graw Hill Education. Campbell. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. Energy Sources. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. Types of data used in GIS. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. 4. A. Satellite Imageries. eradication of the duplicated data. Using and reading GPS in field. A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. Introduction to Photogrammetry. 2000. Aerial photography. Pearsons Education. V. Data acquisition. Image Processing. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. Inc. Inc. Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. 1999. Data entry and output. Jensen. F. Inc.Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. map projection and coordinate systems. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission. 2008. Active and Passive remote sensing. Harvey. advantages and limitations of process. K and L. R. John Wiley and Sons. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1. Fishery and wildlife.
M. Sheldon.. 2005. Systems and Support Techniques. economic. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. and Yoxon. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS). threats to biodiversity. WWF Pakistan. Certification of EMS. Methods of environmental protection. Course Outlines Introduction. hot spots of biodiversity. philosophical. 2. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. ecological. B. eco-design. M.3rd Edition . animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan. 1998.). and Qasim. Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles. standards and guidelines.. need and approach. Environmental Management tools. types of biodiversity. COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. 34 . threats to biodiversity and its conservation. 4. cleaner technologies. alpha and beta diversity. Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. American Society for Quality. Environment and sustainable development. 2001.C. 2006. Khan. principles of Cleaner production. etc. Related Environmental legislation. 3. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. Environmental Economy. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management. plant. International Organization for Standardization.2nd Ed.This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits.. F. Environmental Management Systems Principles. A. social and ethical values of biodiversity. Michigan. American Society for Quality. Conservation of biodiversity. Environmental aspects and impacts. Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR).
quality control sampling. Biogeography. 2. croplands. ecotourism. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing.D. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan. management. Cox. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. C. Recommended Books: 1. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. population. laboratory custody. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme.conservation at species. water.B. habitats. national and international laws and regulations. 35 . EIA requirement. refrigeration and freezing methods. conservation in man-made ecosystems. 2000. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring. field custody. 2ndEd. 2000. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. Mirza. cities. forests. 3. Lab Work Sampling techniques (air. Kings College... international agreements. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora. conservation strategies. air. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes. protected areas. Z. and Morre. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i.R. chemical addition. quality assessment. plants. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment.B. Preservation methods including pH control. Conservation of wildlife. Associates Inc.e. role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. P. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples. A Primer for Conservation Biology. 1998. P. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques. Sunderland.. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan. community and ecosystem level. presampling requirements/information. Publ. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan. in-situ and ex-situ conservation.B. sampling and design purposes. Considerations. Sinauer. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring. Lahore). NOC for plant operation. role of traditional knowledge in conservation. conservation and livelihood. soil and living organisms. London. Saad Printers. Rawalpindi. Legal protection of species. Quality assurance and quality control. their categories. Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures. Course Outlines Introduction. design and types of samples.
Japan Association on Remote Sensing.) McGraw-Hill. Human responses to potential climate change. phenological changes. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention. its causes and effects. Physical. 3. chemical. New York.USA. L. 8. I. 2008. Chapman and Hall. Murai. F. N. S. 2002.. E. extinctions. 5.1996. D. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. altered community structure. 2nd Edition. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course. and Guethner. R.. Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change. Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. D. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. Energy and Temperature. agriculture. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide. Tokyo. Lewis Publisher London. 2. Air Pollution and Acid Rain. (eds. . Burden. The Measurement of Climate Change. USA. COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change. 2008. Remote Sensing Note. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. 2000. Moisture in the Atmosphere. human health. 6. USA. E. (ed) Springer. Earth Observation of Global Change. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. Keith. Patterns in Winds and Pressure. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts. USA. Regional droughts and 36 . biological. Chuviero. 7. H. Recent Climate Change Indicators. Korte. Manahan. regional. Precipitation. S. UK. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change.1999. 2002. Ozone depletion. Peakall.Recommended Books: 1. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. and social factors contributing to climate and global change. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data. Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate. 1992. Forstner U. McKlivie. Environmental Chemistry.
National Book Foundation. & Nixon. (ed. 6. 2005. 2005. 4.cataclysmic climate change. John Wiley & Sons.A. review of EIA quality. 2003. reporting. and Chadwick. Types & Resources to produce Energy. Main stages in EIA process. 1st Edition. Petts. 3. Recommended Books: 1. social impact assessment (SIA). Effects.(ed). public involvement. London. COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project.. Climate Change . Houghton. mitigation and impact management. 5. A. J. Glasson. 37 . principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society..). Oxford. 3. role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis. Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2). Recommended Books: 1. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. and Solutions. 2004. Keith.T. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels. Routledge. Climate Change . EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. J.O. Global Change and the earth system. Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems. R.. D. law. 2.. Therivel. Earthscan Publication Ltd.Causes. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts. Sringer. 1999. and Solutions. overview. J. Harrop. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems. scoping. Islamabad.. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan. Cost and benefits of EIA. Hardy. project implementation and follow up. Ministry of Housing and Works. J. 2003. London. EIA project management. solids. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. T. J. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment. 1986. impact analysis. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. 4. Effects. 2005. 1994. Hardy. Islamabad. John Wiley & Sons. liquid.Causes. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction. screening.. and noise.. A. Global Warming and Climate Change. decision-making to implement the project. 2000. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice. Blackwell. 2.
. threats. Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan. Evans. Everitt. importance. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies. Sadler.5. J. 1993. Asian Development Bank. national agriculture policy. R. B. M. H. process and contents of the management plan. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area.B and Warren. best available option for future. Lohani. management options. B. 38 . occurrence and distribution of natural resources. national and provincial legislation... existing management approaches. causes and methods for its improvement. requirement. 1997. USA.. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. problem in agriculture. (ed. agriculture products and their share in GDP. United Nations Environment Programme. forest types and its existing management. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources. agriculture chemicals. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. Recommended Books: 1. New York. R. A. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia. national example. COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification. management options. Conservation in Progress. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level. S. 2nd Edition.. their current status and threats. and Tu. John Willey & Sons.. solar power. F. Development of Management Plan: needs. EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual. Rangeland Management: existing status. Ludwig. & McCabe. wind power and nuclear power. effective management. Watershed management: Importance basic principles. Goldsmith. their pros and cons. limitation in the future. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. 2002. threat and its causes.). 6.. wildlife census. methodologies. Types. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. Carpenter. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level.
Sampling: the logic of sampling. Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. Inference based on findings.A pre-requisite for Research. J. 5. V. Dasmann. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). London.1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study. USA. Islamabad. Thousand Oaks. Selecting the Research Method. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1. P. Research Proposal: its importance . 2007. Review of Literature. Interviews. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods. Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison). Environmental Conservation. Scientific Research: Science. Sage CA. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice. Bibliography. 3. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. types of sampling design/. Hansen. GOP and IUCN. Research Design & Research Methods. Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design. Experimental Research.E.E. and Jorqensen.2. Methodology. Search Engines. Scientific Methods. Surveys. 1992. 39 . Material Methods. and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem. & Plano Clark. Objectives. 1984. W. S. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically. Review of Literature. 1990. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research.Amsterdam. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data. How to put things together? Introduction. Creswell.F. New York. Literature Search: Database. Questionnaire. research methods. to introduce students to research design. 4. Elsevier. John Wiley & Sons. population and sampling frames. R. concepts and terminologies.L.. Case Studies.
Batty. 3. National Conservation Strategy 5. National Environmental Policy 4.S. Qadar. 1989. Survey Research Methods. Recommended Books: 1. R. Students project in Environmental Science. Belmont California. 6. 1997. 2000.. 2nd Edition. Moriarty. 2001. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 . S. Chichester. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act. regulations made there under. 3rd Edition. USA. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance.. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules. of Chicago Press. 1997.Harrad. Government of Pakistan 3. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development. M. 5. Univ. Wadsworth Publishing Company. and Arhonditsis. Babbie. Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation. Law Books House. The Craft of Research by Wayne C. 2. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan. Sage Publishers. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans.2. G. 2003. USA. 2001 and the rules of business made there under. England. Diamon.h. Robert Yin. 2003. 4. Writing Science Through Critical Thinking. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan.USA.. Marilyn F. John and sons Ltd. SNBP Local Government Ordinance. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers.. Booth. 2008. E.
This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45
POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46
RESEARCH PROJECT/ INTERNSHIP
E-I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY
To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,
5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.
Pakistan .). water supply and demand management measures. R. Revised & enlarged edition. I. Biswas. Islamabad.K.Varis. The Politics of Managing Water. C. and Malik. climate change and its impacts on our future water resources. 2005. with drinking water facilities like springs. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry. recycling and re-use of wastewater. it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects. R. flood and droughts. Oxford University Press Karachi.. Groundwater Resources of Pakistan. 2. 44 . Oxford University Press New Delhi. A. 2006. Ahmed. (eds. integrated water resources management (IWRM). 1993. Cheema. Bengali. fisheries management. 4. (ed. N. Mirajuddin Publication . A.. Ahmed.. Khan. 2006. 5. 2003.. Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant. K. virtual water. flood and drought management.. wetlands resources management. like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. water quality and quantity aspects. water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan. P. 3. 6. Mirajuddin Publication .. tubewells. watershed/catchment. groundwater exploitation. U. SDPI Oxford University Press. precipitation distribution in Pakistan. Asia Printer. O. hydrological cycle. Course Outlines Water resource and its management. Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia. and Qamar.). improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency. Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT).E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan. Lahore. Recommended Books: 1.1993..Lahore. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment. Pakistan. J. N. Briscoe. Islamabad. A. and Tortajada. pollution aspects. Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization. Indus Water Accord 1991.
Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. CA. R.E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. 2007. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. D. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. Causes of urbanization.T. 2007. Forms of urbanization. urban patterns and ecosystem functions. 45 ..R. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. and Bantel. NJ. humans as components of urban ecosystems. the salient features of urban environments. soils. Miller. Brady.. future of urban centers. Urbanization. Academic Press. urban flora and fauna. Process and outcome. transport. USA. PrenticeHall. E. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations. D. Soil forming minerals. and Weil. NJ.C. 11th Edition. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization. National Book Foundation. Cation and anion exchange. Physical and chemical properties of soil. Soil Science. Course Outlines Introduction. urban settlements. 1. Pakistan. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. Upper Saddle River. R. Islamabad. Hillel. After completion of this course. Soils in Our Environment. Prentice Hall. residential mobility and the neighborhood change. N. Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils. USA. Types and properties of parent materials. Course Outlines Introduction. Soil buffering capacity and its importance.W. management and green productivity. San Diego. Factors and processes of soil formation. Upper Saddle River. Definition. Bashir. urban political ecology. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. urbanization in Pakistan. Gardiner. Urban ecosystem. USA. hydrological processes. urban landscapes characteristics. Soil degradation. R. 1996. 2008.
The planning process. 1. Ward. London. UK. M. USA. 46 . Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level. Penguin Group. Routledge. SAGE Publications Ltd. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability. E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. Planning theories and concepts. Springer. Aims and Objectives of planning. Planning and its relationship with other professions. Justification for planning for city management. 5. Smith. I. Routledge.and Maser. Silberstein. Scope. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans. USA.S. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. Kate... London. New York. 2. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. D. Planning and Urban Change.1990. Principles of planning. nature and purpose of urban planning. A. 2004. Alberti.Recommended Books: Urban Ecology. V. Elements of urban planning. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. 3. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city. Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments.L.and Kowaril. SBS academic publishing. 2. Recommended Books: 1. Chapman and Hall. Hough. Gilbert. nd 2 Edition. The Ecology of Urban Habitats. M. New trends in planning and city management. O. Sukopp.. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation. Hague. H. S. Hejny. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. 1989. Levels of planning. C. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe.. CRC Press LLC. S. City Design for Sustainable Development. UR. 2006. 2004. The Works: Anatomy of a City. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems. Land use planning theories.. 4. UK. 2009. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area. J. 2000. UK. 2007. Types of Urban Plans.
Flooding. and Woodrow. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies. i. Kates..3. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies. Government of Pakistan. 4. Earthquake. 1986. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. The Environment as Hazard Burton I.F. ADB. and White G.. Hazards.. Boulder .UNESCO. Introducing Town Planning. It discusses a wide range of aspects. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies. Paris.. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches.W. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms. Islamabad. Cultural factors. P. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). 2nd Edition. New York. E&UA Div. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors. M.. 4. The Guilford Press. It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. Physical factors. Prediction.e.B. 1993. Political factors. Westview Press. Natural cycles and their role. Earthquake Management. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum. Longman Group. Role of Media in Disaster Management. Disaster Management Trainings and Policies. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. R. International phenomenon. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization. D. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made. Disaster Management: Components of management. 1993.J. UK. 1991.. 1993. Socio-economic factors. Disaster as an opportunity for development. Natural Disasters Alexander. 1989. 3. H. 2. Ministry of Housing and Works. G. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters.W. Different approaches and Indicators. 47 . Clara. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N.. Recommended Books: 1. New York. Techniques and methods to assess hazard. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures.. Manila. Chapman & Hall. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development. Flood Management: Organizational Role. Landslide.
sustainable energy management. 48 . Ecological concept in crop and food production. alternate energy resources.. Sustainable livestock management. John Wiley and Sons. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation. D. Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem.L. Phytoremediation and bioremediation. Botkin. Quorum Books. 1. Course Outlines Energy-development and environment. Perry R. McKinney. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. types. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem.C.A. and Yonavjak. 2007. Schoch. Farming practices for pests and weeds control. Biotic structure. biomass resources. and Mushkatel. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals.. Paris. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. decomposers. 1984. local. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems. L. Disasters and Development Cuny. 2. uses. A. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America. solar. Deforestation for agricultural purposes. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. OECD/IEA. New York. 6. R. consumers. hydropower. F.. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. merits and demerits of wind. E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment. energy resources.W. Agroecology. 2001. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. M. E. 4th Edition.5. environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources.H. Consumer and producer relationship. 1983. primary producers.M. 2007.B and Keller. Westport. USA. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources. energy resources of Pakistan. 6th Edition. 3. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity.
CBS Publishers and Distributors. Kapur.P.M.H. C. New Delhi. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture. Recommended Books: 1. Boulder. 1995. R. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity.Determination of density and abundance of plant species. 2000.G. 3. Yandermeer J. and Rossel. Study of index of diversity. Altreri. New York. P. Westview Press. USA. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species. India. McGraw Hill Publishing Company. M. USA.A. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species. 2. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity. and Sudha..Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram. Agrocology. E-11 Seminar 49 . Study of stratification and profile diagram. 1990.R. Corol. Experimental Plant Ecology.
it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science. 50 . To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. the Committee agreed on the following principles. The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines. 4. 5. availability of the faculty and other facilities. that: 1. 3. The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme. The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions. 2.
The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. 6. Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. 14. 9. 20. 5. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. 11. 19. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 25. 23. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 . 8. 12. 2. 22. 11. 8. 4. 9. 21. 10. 26. 4. 3. 15. 16. 6. 13. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. 2. 3. 17. 10. 18. 7.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1. 7. 12. 5. 24.
1994. GOP and IUCN. London Black Stone Press Ltd. 52 . Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan. Khan K. Relationship of culture. 4. Mackenzie. Elsevier. 1991. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. Karachi. FURTHER READINGS 1. 1987.E.S. Hansen. F. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space.A. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan. development of concepts. Amsterdam. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems. S. Draft National Environmental Policy. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall. 1992.T. P.1994.. Conventions and Protocols in Global. 3. NCS. 3. 2. S. and Jorqensen. Money. WCS. 2. Regional and International Environmental Issues. Environmental control Policies. London. Environment People and Economy.. Hodder and Stoughton. Carrying capacity and sustainable development. Islamabad.. Instruments and methods. Recommended Books: 1. Ball. status of Terrestrial. Provincial and Local Strategies.DETAILS OF M. Geography of Pakistan. S. technology and resource use. Oxford University Press.F. Oxford University Press. Mackenzie J.1995.1991.. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment. Conservation Strategies. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management. Treaties. Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management. and Bell. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. 2nd Edition.E.. D.
ecological impact assessment.COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction. Longman Scientific and Technical. 1995. Principles of physical. process. 1993. K. Recommended Books: 1. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. Case Studies and review. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery. Washington. Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. Environmental and Social Impact assessment. 2. 2. Environmental Chemical Analysis. C. DC. role and importance. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants. FURTHER READINGS 1. procedures and methods of EIA. 53 . Wastewater.. Ahmed. WB. Burnt Hill. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). Gas Chromatography etc. England. D.Vanclay. Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment. Ed. 1995. sampling rules. Longman House. History. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. Sectoral guidelines for EIA. opportunities and issues. F & Bronstein. Ministry of Environment. Government of Pakistan. sample collection and preservation. Recommended Books: 1. social impact assessment. World Bank. ed.A. Environment Department. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. Air and Solid Waste. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). UK. Environmental auditing. economic impact assessment. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. 3. A. Chichester. John Wiley & Sons. Harlow Essex. Assessment of environmental impacts. Wood. Cost benefit analysis of projects. Demographic impact assessment. A one Publishers Lahore. Greenberg (American Public Health Association). COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment.
2nd Ed. 2. John Wiley and Sons. Wiley Interscience. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic. Van Nostrand and Reinhold.. Reasons for Project success or failure. London. USA.2000. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. specific objectives. activities. 2002. 1997. Caeneross. Public health concept. Mantel s. Recommended Books: 1.COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project. Primary health care services.. Basic Environmental Health. Need identification. COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems. Defining Project objectives. Park. Oxford University Press New York. M. work breakdown structure. 3. Accident prevention and safety plans. J. T. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). Project Management: A Managerial Approach. 1st Ed. 2001. M/S Banarsid. Yassi. Government Policies and Programs. safety techniques. L. A Guide to Project Management. and Wright.. Project Life Cycle. Project Initiation. prevention and control.. indicators. 1st Ed. Planning Commission Performas. Project Planning. principles and practices. T. Nebel. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. New York. outputs. S. means of verification. and Guidotti. Meredith J. T. Lippmann.. 2. Ergonomic and Safety. feasibility study. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). MS Project Recommended Books: 1. assumptions. J. K. air borne. 5. inputs. 1st ed. A. R. Resource Mobilization. 1993. UK. Inc. Project Planning and Approval Processes. de Kok. B. development objectives. communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne. Environmental Health Engineering. USA. 54 . Project Management Institute. Kjelllström. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. 1998. economic evaluation. 4. R. Prentice Hall International Inc... 1992. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. T... Occupational Health: problems and issues. Writing Project Proposal.
Botkin. petroleum.L. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor. Recommended Books: 1. sustainable energy management for agriculture. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. gas. 4th Edition. ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family. Principles of cleaner production. 2007. Environmental auditing.COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. Recommended Books: 1. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal. L. data collection and interpretation. transport. Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. 6th Edition. alternate energy resources. 4.. non-renewable and renewable. solar. M. bio-energy resources. ISO Central Secretariat. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). industry and domestic sectors. St Luise Press. energy resources. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). 55 . regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. Paris. OECD/IEA. D. R. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. merits and demerits of wind. Michigan-January 2001. nuclear) local. Schoch. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management. Paris. USA. Sayre. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. Environmental Auditing. 2001. types. uses. hydropower. John Wiley and Sons. 3. 1990b. and Yonavjak. energy resources of Pakistan. D.B and Keller. E.A.M. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms. 1998. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. Sources of data. McKinney. principles and elements of the process of EMS. Related Environmental regulations. 2. 3. Switzerland. 2. 2007.
Hardy. Houghton. Climate Change .Causes. types of climate change models. forests.D. 4. Hardy. 5. E & Muller-Hohenstein. Climate change and food production. Plant population dynamics. 2005.. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Chichester. Recommended Books: 1. Introduction to Plant Population Biology. (Ed. John Wiley & Sons. 2. B & Jager. types and their climatic effects. The Green House Effect. Climate Change and Ecosystems. climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. E.. Blackwell Publishing. survival and extinction. J. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. John Wiley & Sons. Vegetation Ecology Ed.T. Effects. Climate Change . 2004. J. 3.Causes. Green House Gases.). and Solutions. Recommended Books: 1. UK. John Wiley & Sons. Plant Ecology. plant conservation. 3. 2003.COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. Maarel. plant invasions. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. 2005. resources and plants. 2. human activities and vegetation dynamics. Effects. etc. and Solutions. London. water resources. D. T. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. Oxford. Silvertown. 2003. ECOPE 29. management and restoration. & Charlesworth. K. 1. ED. Life history strategies of plants. J. Berlin. Oxford UK. competition and coexistence. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. Warrick. 2005. COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. Modeling of climate change. Blackwell Publishing. UK 1991. Springer. 2005. 1st Edition. global aspects of plant ecology. geographical and temporal patterns. Earthscan Publication Ltd. 56 . Beck. Shulze. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics. D. vegetation dynamics. Species richness.
Primack.A. Wetlands. Recommended Books: 1. 1998. Bailey. Oxford University Press. 2. Cambridge University Press. Status of forests in Pakistan. S. & Ripley. its causes.J. distribution. 2002.L.(2nd Ed. & Spicer. Threatened animals and plants. 5. UK. And Bolen. distribution. London. Participatory forest management. 4.J. J. Weddell. Oxford University Press. John Wiley And Sons. Forest plantations. 57 . Loss of biodiversity. Recommended Books: 1. S. 2002. threats and conservation. Publishers Sunderland. Forests. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. Inc. 3. W. 1986. Principles of Wildlife Management. E. Cambridge. Roberts. Sinauer Assocaites. J. 2004. Establishment and management of protected areas. COURSE 11 WILDLIFE.J. Sustainable forest management. status. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity. distribution and management. Biodiversity: An introduction. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali. Oxford. T. their types and role in conservation. Consumptive.B. 1992. Wildlife Ecology and Management. Oxford University Press. Rangeland management. 1984. habitats and ecosystems. FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. Protected areas. USA. Mcmillan. Protection and restoration of species.J. deforestation and its control. kinds. Cambridge. B. types. UK.G. Robinson. II). 1973 2. Essentials of Conservation Biology. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. Conserving Living Natural Resources. T. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan. problems and solutions. Oxford. Blackwell Publsihing. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. Protected areas in Pakistan. Oxford. Roberts.) Gaston. management. Extinction of species. their importance. I). 3. types. K.COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction. their ecological and economic importance. R.D. Global and national biodiversity. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity. biological diversity. Wildlife of Pakistan.
and Maser. urbanization in Pakistan. Islamabad. 58 . The Works: Anatomy of a City. future of urban centers. sanitation.. Forms of urbanization. USA. Introducing Town Planning. Penguin Group. UK. SAGE Publications Ltd. H. Ward. V. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages. 4. Ministry of Housing and Works. 1993. management of transport. Planning and Urban Change.COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction. Urban land use planning and management. 2. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. A. Sustainable cities. London.. E&UA Div. urban systems and their characteristics. CRC Press LLC. urban landscape characteristics. 1986. G. Environmental problems of urban life. Urban planning and management in Pakistan. USA. Silberstein. J. drinking water and solid waste in cities. 2007. urban political ecology. Kate. S. Government of Pakistan.. 2000. UK. Clara.. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. 2004. Longman Group. C. 3. New York. Recommended Books: 1.
Oxford University Press. ISBN 0194313492 59 . Exercises 1.J. Thomson and A. Third edition. Practical English Grammar by A.Annexure .A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. a) Functional English Grammar 1. 1997.V. Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1. Martinet.
Upper Intermediate. and speed reading. 1997. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. Writing. Third Impression 1992. Thomson and A.J. Reading. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Exercises 2. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Oxford University Press.2. Martinet.V. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. b) Practical English Grammar by A. intensive and extensive. Third edition. Fourth Impression 1993. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. minutes of meetings. Oxford Supplementary Skills. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 . Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. Reading/Comprehension 1. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content.
ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. form. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. language. Oxford Supplementary Skills. 2. Advanced by Ron White. Oxford Supplementary Skills.J. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. 2. introduction to presentations. Third edition. Fourth Impression 1992. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. Fourth Impression 1993. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style.1. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. discursive. Writing. Martinet. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Thomson and A. Oxford University Press 1986. Advanced. Writing. Third Impression 1992. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 . Writing. Exercises 2. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. Reading 1. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Practical English Grammar by A. Third Impression 1991. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. Reading. narrative. clarity. content. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis.V. b) Writing 1. descriptive and argumentative writing).
62 .(particularly suitable for discursive. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. A Custom Publication. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. 2. 3. Kathleen Shine Cain. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. Mandell. Kirszner and Stephen R. St. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. College Writing Skills by John Langan. descriptive. Compiled by norther Illinois University. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. Martin’s Press. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. argumentative and report writing). without taxing the taste of engineering students). 2004.
S. contemporary Pakistan. 1947-58 b. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Mehmood. 1999 onward 3. . Pakistan Political Roots & Development.M. 3. Course Outline 1. politics. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. People and Land i. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. 1977-88 e. Study the process of governance. 63 Books Recommended 1. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. Society and social structure c. Historical Perspective a. national development. Economic institutions and issues b. 2000. ideological background of Pakistan. Indus Civilization ii. State & Society in Pakistan. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki. b. Muslim advent iii. 4.Annexure . Akbar. Contemporary Pakistan a. 2. Shahid Javed. Location and geo-physical features. 1971-77 d. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah.B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. Lahore. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. S. Zaidi. Ethnicity d. 1988-99 f. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. Safdar. 1993. 1958-71 c. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. government. 1994. 2.
K. 1976. Mehmood.National Movement in Pakistan. Haq. Zahid. 9. Political Parties in Pakistan. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. Sayeed. Institute of Public Policy Research. Amin. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 1980.The Emergence of Banglades. Afzal. 1967. 64 . 1972. Ethno . Karachi: Royal Book Company. Party. 6. 1993. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia. Pakistan Under Martial Law. 1987. The Political System of Pakistan. 10. Wayne. Club Road.5. 8. Ansar. Washington: American Enterprise. 11. Lahore: Vanguard. Lawrence. I. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Ziring. nd. Khalid Bin. Enigma of Political Development. 14. Tahir. Politics in Pakistan.. 7. Wilcox. Noor ul. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. Islamabad. 1980. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. 12. K. Vol. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. II & III. Muhammad Waseem. 1998. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. History & Culture of Sindh. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. Safdar. 13. Aziz. Rafique. M.
A.6.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.21.19.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.56.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.57.A.C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 .A. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.Annexure .40.20) Related to thinking.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.Tadabar (Verse No1.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S. 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.58.A.
3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt. in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .
International Islamic University. Islamabad (2001) 67 . Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. “Emergence of Islam” . Bhatia.S. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. Pakistan. Ahmad Hasan. IRI.3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. “Studies in Islamic Law. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad.” Hussain Hamid Hassan. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute.
Wooton W. matrix inverse. equations reducible to quadratic equations. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Cramer’s rule. types of functions. Boston 68 . College Algebra and Trigonometry. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. harmonic progression. Sharron S.Annexure . Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. complex numbers. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. not majoring in mathematics. PWS-Kent Company. types. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition).D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. PWS-Kent Company. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. Boston Swokowski EW. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. 1987. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Beckenback EF. Houghton & Mifflin. system of linear equations. determinants. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. introduction to sets. trigonometric identities. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. set operations. 1986. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. cube roots of unity. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. geometric progression. 1978. functions.
angle between two lines. derivatives. 1995. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. 2005. continuity. inequalities. 69 . New York Stewart J. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. not majoring in mathematics. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. slope of a line. Bevens I. integration by substitution. Finney AR. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. Addison-Wesley. Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. distance between a point and a line. Boston Thomas GB. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. continuous functions. intersection of two lines. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). differentiation of polynomial. 1983. not majoring in mathematics. Reading. equation of a line.2. PWS-Kent Company. Ma. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. USA 3. rational and transcendental functions. Calculus (11th edition). John Wiley. 2005. left-hand and right-hand limits. solution of equations involving absolute values. Calculus (3rd edition). distance between two points. Recommended Books: Anton H. various forms of equation of a line. parallel and perpendicular lines. integration by parts. functions and their graphs. Davis S. change of variables in indefinite integrals.
COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Cramer’s rule. Introduction to sets. : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. Scott. Boston 4. locus of a point in various conditions. ellipse. system of linear equations. PWS-Kent Company. Freshman and Company. equations reducible to quadratic equations. Analytic Geometry. nature of roots of quadratic equations. 70 .Circle: Equation of a circle. circles determined by various conditions. set operations. hyperbola. types of matrices. 1987. 1969 Kaufmann JE. inverse of matrices. intersection of lines and circles. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. Conic Sections: Parabola. 1986. functions. : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. Boston Swokowski EW. • Contents 1. determinants. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. PWS-Kent Company. types of functions. College Algebra and Trigonometry. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic.
. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. 71 . trigonometric identities. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. 5. R. skewness and kurtosis. array. Swokowski. PWS-Kent Company. E. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. Graphs: Graph of straight line. R. circle and trigonometric functions. Latest Edition. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. individual. Books Recommended: 1. Boston. J. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. Wilcox. tally sheet method. 2... moments. characteristics of statistics. discrete and continuous series. deciles and percentiles. quartiles. Walpole. Kaufmann.. Latest Edition. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. E. relationship of statistics with social science. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. ungrouped and grouped data. W. 3. R. 2. E. types of frequency series. variance. Measures of dispersion: Range. standard deviation. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. Latest Edition.geometric and harmonic progressions. bar frequency diagram histogram. frequency polygon. Prentice Hall. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. cumulative frequency curve. 4.
Rational and Transcendental Functions. Solution of equations involving absolute values. 4. Calculus. Hughes-Hallett. logarithmic integration. S. Jhon Willey & Sons. Second Edition 1992. 2002. Davis. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. Recommended Books: 1. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. 1983. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. the inverse of differentiation. Continuous Functions. 2005. products. integration by inspection. Thomas. 3rd Edition. E. H. W. Prentice-Hall. 4th edition. 1999. Frank A. Calculus. Integration by Parts. 6. Rational Functions. John Wiley & Sons. 2. Least-Squares Line. 2005.Jr. sinusoidal function. Anton. Inequalities. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. integration by parts. theorems of differentiation. Boston. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus. Continuity. et al. quotients. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. McCallum. reduction formulae. infinite and improper integrals. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. Slope of a Line. 6. Addison Wesley publishing company. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . 3. I. 5. Equation of a Line. Gleason. integration using partial fractions. and Transcendental Functions. the chain rule. Calculus. Calculus Single and Multivariable. Mathews. integral inequalities. Trigonometric Functions. Inc. Schaum’s Outline Series. Leibnitz’ theorem. Contents 1. Inc. John H. Swokowski. plane polar coordinates. implicit differentiation. applications of integration. logarithmic differentiation. 11th Edition. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. 2. Extreme Values of Functions. special points of a function. Bevens. • Integration Integration from first principles. Elliott Mendelson. 8th edition. substitution method.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers.
modulus and argument. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. approximation errors in Taylor series. finding the nth roots of unity. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. identities of hyperbolic functions. division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. multiplication. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. series involving natural numbers. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4. solving hyperbolic equations. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. geometric series. the difference method. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 .Additions and subtraction. alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. inverses of hyperbolic functions. arithmetico-geometric series. complex conjugate.
the inner product. orthogonal. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line.5. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. point to plane. centers of mass and centroids. Pappus’ theorems. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. Hermitian. 6. scalar triple product. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. moments of inertia. of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 . masses. of a unitary matrix. unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. line to line. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. symmetric and antisymmetric. line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. vector product.
8. Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. divergence of a vector field. combinations of grad. differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. spherical polar coordinates 75 .
Errors of measurement. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Range. Unit 3. 76 . Median and mode. Unit 7. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Poisson and Normal Distribution. Constructing of a frequency distribution. definition of outliers and their detection. Empirical Relation between Mean. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. Coefficient of variation. Collection of primary and secondary data. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Observations. null and alternative hypothesis. Type-I and Type-II errors. Probability and Probability Distributions. sample design and sampling frame.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Stem and Leaf Display. Exercises Unit 6. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Ogive for Discrete Variable. Moments and Moments ratios. Bar charts. Change of origin and scale. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. Pie chart. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Presentation of Data Introduction. The Mean Deviation. Graphs and their Construction. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. Sources. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Difference of means and proportions. Discrete and continuous variables. acceptance and rejection regions. Editing of Data. probability and non-probability sampling. Types of frequency curves. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. The Mode. Absolute and relative measures. Different types of Averages. bias. Box and Whisker Plot. Exercises. The Variance and standard deviation. Diagrams. Unit 2. Rounding of a Number. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Standardized variables. The semi-Interquartile Range. Population. Unit 5. Exercises. Statistical problem. Quantiles. Exercises. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Historigram. Exercises. sampling and non sampling errors. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Data. Exercises.Annexure . Histogram. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Test statistics. sampling with and without replacement. Exercises. level of significance. Unit 4. properties of Good Average. Significant digits.
Correlation. 2005. E. Contingency Tables. Macmillan Publishing Co. F. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. Exercises Unit 9. R. Testing of Hypothesis. Exercises. 1982. Regression and Correlation Introduction. Exercises Unit 10. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction.. estimation of parameters and their interpretation.Single Population Introduction. its estimation and interpretation. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies.Unit 8. Coefficient of linear correlation. 77 . r and R2. Inc.. cause and effect relationships. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. “Introduction to Statistics”. examples. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. Unit 11. New York. 3rd Ed. 2 Muhammad.Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. Kitab Markaz. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole. simple linear regression.
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