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For BS MS
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………
6 12 14 50 51
50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee. The world has turned into a global village. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 . Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards. R&D organizations. respective accreditation councils and stake holders. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. PROF. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. It is. Lahore. 2007 at HEC Regional Center.ALTAF ALI G. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. DR.PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. therefore. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976. D773/76-JEA (cur. and 36. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees. degree awarding institutions.). new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. universities and other institutions of higher education. the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. dated December 4th 1976. the Federal Government vide notification No. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. 2009 at the HEC Regional Center.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses. 63. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. It also aimed to give a basic.
QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI. PREP. EXP. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. COL. UNI. OF DRAFT BY NCRC REVIEW IMPLE. OF CURRI. IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREP. REC. LI R&D HEC Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I PREP. OF NCRC.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRI. Preparation 5 . Abbreviations Used: NCRC. UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRI. OF FINAL CURRI. R&D.
Member 6 . Dr. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. Member 5. Lahore Member 6. Member 4. April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline. Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2. Dr. Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head. Dr. Karachi from 28-30. 7.Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. Rawalpindi Dr. Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. Member 3. Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. Rawalpindi Dr. Following attended the meeting:1.
Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9. Member 16. Prof. Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore.8. 7 . Member 14. Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. Dr. Dr. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi. Dr. Member 10. Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. 13. Prof. Dr. Dr. Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof. Dr. Member 15. Karachi Member 12. Member 11.
Secretary Dr. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr. At first. 2. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. Dr. Director of HEC Regional Center. Islamabad coordinated the meeting. Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards. Chairman. Shafiq-ur-Rehman. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. Member 20. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society. 8 . Member 19. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. Mr. Dr. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement. 1. Faisalabad Member 18. Mr. Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. Karachi. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University. The meeting was opened by Mr. The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah.17.
Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 . The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity. The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses. The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities. In last few centuries.3. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population. 6. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. 5. 2. The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development. 3. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. 1. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. 4. Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. The committee thanked Mr. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development.
Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. 5. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. regional and global contexts. skills and behaviour patterns. ii. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development. This committee. Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i. in its preliminary meeting. professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 . Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems. Apply theoretical understanding. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems. RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life.
social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals. assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science. The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i. skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes. A. UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles. that: 1. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English. Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration. 1. The medium of instruction. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. The 11 . DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level. eight semesters in the semester system. Sc.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science. 4. 6. pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme. 2. Integrating natural sciences. with consensus. 3. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F. 5.. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3.e.
Psychology* . Environmental Physics 16. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5. SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1. English-III 18. Sociology/Anthropology* 11. Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13. Environmental Pollution 22. Biology –I* 3. Environmental Microbiology 21. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7. Climatology* 23. Environmental Chemistry 15. Introduction to Environmental Science 2. Biology –II* 9. The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order. English-II 12.proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. Introduction to Earth Science 8. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19. English-I 6. Fundamentals of Ecology 20. Introduction to Computer 14. Basic Chemistry* 4. Introductory Economics* 17.
Research Methods in Environmental Science 41. English-IV/ Univ. 45. Environmental Management Systems 34. Environmental Economics 29. Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25. Opt. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31. Environmental Monitoring 36. Natural Resource Management 40. Applied Ecology 26. Climate Change 38. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. 46. Environmental toxicology 27. Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours . ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37. Biodiversity & Conservation 35. Environmental Biotechnology 32.24. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30. ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43. ELECTIVE-III 42. 44. Environmental Impact Assessment 39.
• Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical.
Human environment and its problems: global. Recommended Books: 1. & Yonavjak. 6th Ed. Environmental Science: systems and solutions. The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms. national. ethical. development in industry and agriculture. John Wiley & Sons. socio-economic. McKinney. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment. Schoch. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future. Botkin. Miller. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY .. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts. proteins and nucleic acids. current global. biological and social. 4th Ed.M. environmental pollution. Environmental Science: working with the Earth. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development. 15 . urbanization. its importance in human life. Different aspects of environment: physical. lipids. L. Wright. philosophical. Thomson Learning. 2. 10th Ed. G. D. 2002.J. & Nebel. history. R. M.. 2007 3. R. 2007. Major components of environment: physico-chemical.DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline. B. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society. 4. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates.T. 2007. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. E.A. regional.L. ecological. Pearson Educational.I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life. and their relationships with various environmental factors.B & Keller. poverty and resource depletion.
carbohydrates. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning. B. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus.. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. amines). Self Assessment and Revie. Crossley.Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life. chemical basis of life. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. the molecule of genetic information and replication. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Bulter. carbonyls. 2007. J. 1996. Ionic. Cells. R. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals. Lewis.. proteins. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations. 2008. 8th Ed. 2. USA. 5. New York. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin. Biology: a Human Emphasis. Shier. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions. A. Australia . Introduction to cell biology. 2007. Cassimeris. lipids. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. Study of mitosis in onion root tip. USA. 4. lipids. Molecular Biology through Questions.. Starr. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology. USA. Nucleic acids. Lingappa. 2003. Wadsworth Group.. R.Hill International Edition. and Whitelaw. C. and Lewis. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis.. esters. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. L. 1. Cell division. V. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. carboxylic acids. Canada. N. polypeptides in protein diversity. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa. G. 5th Edetion. Structure and the basis of function. Ltd. McGraw. 3. Aromatic compounds. 16 . The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. Origin of life: chemical evolution. chemical diversity. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. coordinate covalent bond. M. Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. covalent. origin of metabolism. Plopper. protobionts. E. D. phospholipids in membrane systems.
radicals.Special Products (Binomial Expression). COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences. 2004. 3. simultaneous equations and their solutions.K. Jones and Barlett. J. series and means.. minor and cofactor of a matrix.. 17 . law of Cosines. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra. values of trigonometric functions. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane. Use of spectrophotometric techniques. Binomial theorem (Simple applications). 6th Edition.. Freeman and Company. Canada. Measurement of pH. T. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles.. expansion of determinants. USA. Andrews. 2nd Edition. 2nd Edition.C.E.D.. Qualitative Chemical Analysis.H. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. 2004. geometric and harmonic sequence.ions. angle-sum formula.. 2004. real line. P.. P. Thomson and Brooks. normal solutions/buffers. molal. Surface chemistry. Hill. Algebra of matrices. Brimblecombe. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula. Harris. EC and TDS in waste water. Thin layer chromatography. M.J. Girard. J.M. Photochemical reactions.A. 8th Edition. and Holler. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. 5. Liss. double angle formulas. coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional). Recommended Books: 1. D. determinants. 2005. Jickells. Cambridge University Press. equations of lines (linear equations). USA. 2003. UK. 2.S. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations). Osmosis and Dialysis. Lab Work Preparation of molar.J. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. D. F. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Solution chemistry. graphs. Colloids chemistry. B. Matrices and Determinants: Matrix. concepts of six basic trigonometric functions. West. UK. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. and Reid. D.E. Column chromatography. Understanding Environmental Pollution.. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. 1st Ed. Skoog. W. Blackwell Science. Sequence and series: Arithmetic. straight line and related concepts. 4.. Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers.
This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals. Abraham.Cramer’s Rule. G. Fossils and their significance. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions. by parts integration (simple applications). L. Smith. product and quotient rules without derivations). irreducible quadratic factors. 1999. and Finney. composition and its internal structure. its origin. Weathering. Jr. age. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. 2. igneous and metamorphic rocks.A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure . Narosa Publishing House. 18 . nonrepeated linear factors. New Delhi. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. 4th Ed. Recommended Books: 1. joints. Chain rule. S. Geological time scale and life through geological ages.B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. faults. Pacific Grove. Trignometry for College students. D. Chatterjee. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. theorems on differentiation (sum. weathering and erosion.. Integration: Formulas of integration. Introduction to sedimentary. lineation and unconformities. erosion and related landforms. Scott Foresman and Company. Addission. 3. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors. mountain building. Introduction to folds. R. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension. Introduction to rocks and minerals. different earth processes like mountain buildings. California. 10th Ed. theorem of integration. the processes of their formation. Analytical Geometry.. Earth as a member of solar system. 4.Wesley. earthquakes and volcanoes. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. difference. Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography. Thomas. cleavages. foliation. COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure .B. plate tectonics. earthquakes. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation. J. K.
Routledge. How Does Earth Work. Earth Science. and Tasa. D. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification. Smith. invasion of life on land.. 11th Edition. and Pun.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps. Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. Recommended Books: 1. 2007 3. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation. 5th Edition. 4. unicellularity.. Lutgens. Lamarckism. and Monroe. Biodiversity of canal. E. Physical Geology and Process of Science. Prentice Hall.Identification of rocks and minerals. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity.. modern concepts. Biodiversity of deserts. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life. F. Geological time chart with biodiversity. biodiversity crises. 2004. molecular basis of biodiversity. population loss and decline.II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution. Park. Life in sea. 19 . K. different classification systems. Prentice Hall: 2006.. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories. D. Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology. Tarbuck. K. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat. 3rd Edition. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. causes of extinction. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis. J. multicellularity. protocell formation. 9th Edition. G. Prentice Hall. R. Field Study tour. COURSE 8 BIOLOGY . crucial for organisms’ sustainability. 2007 2.. 5. consequences of losing biodiversity.. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants. F. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species. animals). Wicander. Geographical aspects of biodiversity. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms. measuring biodiversity. Tarbuck. E. A.. examples of adjustments in varied environment. Use of brunton compass and GPS. Biodiversity of hilly areas. J. 2005. Foundations of Structural Biology. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water. Lutgens.. interactions among diversified life. G. Darwinism. Brooks/Cole. R.. J. and Tasa.
and Spicer. CA: AltaMira Press. Townsend. 2000. UK. (editors). Conceptualizing environment. 3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment. 2006. UK. Environmental Risks and the Media. Wadsworth Group. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology. Adam. Perspective of human-environment evolution. R. and concerns. 2005. John Wiley and Sons. Starr. Walnut Creek. Contemporary environment issues and debate.E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems. Consumption. The Ecology of global consumer culture. K. 2001. L. globalization and environmental issues. Biology. 2nd Edition. K. COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure . The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions. Routledge. 2003. I. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. Understanding the environment-human relationship. UK. Biodiversity (An Introduction). Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. Culture. P. The Biosphere. Scope and application. Contemporary environmental status. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. 3. Hannen. Use of environment for vested interest. I... Tripartite nature of environment. culture and society. New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. Chronological. IL:WavelandPress. Crumley. Recommended Books: 1. power & hegemony. 5th Edition. Inc. Blackwell Science Ltd. Bradbury. 2009. 2. 3. 2009. USA. (editor). and Sustainable Living.K. 4. New York: New York University Press. J. Goals and expectations. a Human Emphasis. Allan & Carter. J. Nora and Wilk. 20 .Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. 2. Gaston. C. Prospect Heights. Inc. C.
. Selin. Types and classification of computers. Storage hardware. Software: Application software. Local Area Network. Kluwer Academic Publishers. as are their effects on the biosphere.1999. Courter. Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures. G. Hardware: Input Hardware.5. internet. system software. Configurations. 2. software packages. Introduction to MS-Word. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion. Long l. Course Outlines Definition. COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure . K. processing hardware. 2003.BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment. 21 . Ms-Power Point.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure .C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components. Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse. After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry. Operating system (Windows). e-mail. Ed.London 1996. Fundamentals of computer. Recommended Books: 1. Rutledge. physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered. Long N.. 6. Ms-Excel. Ms-Access. Marquis A. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere. computer programs and basic applications.6th Ed. Milton. output hardware.H.Microsoft office 2000.
Fundamentals of aquatic.. Brimblecombe. M. Turbulent jets and plumes. Andrews. Global climate and climatic change. Transport of pollutants. Particle physics. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer. Miller. India. 2nd Edition. UK. Recommended Books: 1. Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics. interaction of light with matter. Ozone chemistry. Germany. Ibanez. COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter. Jickells. Liss.. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Diffusion. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants. Turbulence. 2. Active control of sound.. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts. Isotopes and radioactive decay.G. Turbulent diffusion. Energy conversion. Fate of pollutants in environment. T. and Singh.E. Banerji Prentice Hall of India. Blackwell Science. Environmental Chemistry. K. C. trophic level. DoriaSerrano. Springer. 2005. Human perceptions and noise criteria. Solids. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. Gaussian plumes in the air. Entropy. Heat radiation and heat transfer.J. P. Conversion of mass. its causes and adverse effects on environment.S. P.. J. J. M. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light.. 2004. Solar spectrum. Ozone and UV light. B.E. Basic acoustics. Girard.M. Environmental Chemistry. Radioactivity and nuclear physics. Sound and Noise. 2008.. their sources and toxic actions. Environmental Science. atmospheric and soil chemistry. Thomson-Brooks. Measurement and comparison of the 22 . photosynthesis. A. Samir.D. G. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems. Hernandez-Esparza. Environmental impact of various industries. Chemical reactions. Reducing the transmission of sound. Electromagnetic radiation. 1999. Fregoso-Infante... and Reid..Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry. 4.. Equations of fluid dynamics. Canada. 5. 2004.T. Liquids and Gasses. Jones and Barlett. 3. Nuclear energy.. 1st Edition. USA. Energy. J.
2008. Wesely Publishers. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Course Outlines Introduction to economics. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. 23 . Impact of economic activity on environment.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. Recommended Books: 1. Economic functions of environment. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. producer and community point of view. Growth and development. Yusuf. economic growth. COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. M. USA. economic growth and its measurement. Field visit. Physics of the Environment and Climate. Boeker. Environmental economics. Man environmental relationship. S. G. 4. 2. Todaro. USA. economic welfare and difference among all. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development.Economic development. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods.. E. Producer behavior. Economic management and environmental quality. 2001. 2006. Economic Development. World Bank Publications. concepts and measurement. New York. UK.1998. and Resource allocation. C. Introductory Environmental Physics. Growth and Environment. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. Measures for sustainable development. R. USA. Seinfeld. Recommended Books: 1. and Van Grondelle. interaction between ecology and economic management. H. economic progress. John Wiley and Sons Inc. N. USA. Sustainable development. J. Natural resources and the economy. poverty. S. Praxis publishing. P. 2001. 2008. population and environmental quality. 3. Environmental Physics. 2. Guyot. and Pandis. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. Smith. Routledge. 7th Ed. Kentucky USA. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. Pakistan economic context: National income.
MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale. International Thomson Publishing. D. 2009. the ethics of soil. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy. London. species.. 4. Hanley. and systems ecology. branches of ecology. USA. Portland 1967. C. 2008. B. Environmental Critics of agriculture. WCIV7AA. and White. Economics. concepts and approaches. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. DeVeer. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. 2008. 24 . Touchstone Books. J. Environmental philosophy and ethics.3. 3. A History of Western Philosophy. role of light. Callicott. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. levels of ecological organization. Kessinger Publishing. World Bank Publications. LLC.. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy. J. 4. biogeography. Course Outlines Introduction. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. 2002. temperature. Introduction to ethical theory. R. Russell.V. Natural philosophy. its fundamental concepts. B. population.A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems. description of population.A. 2. SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology. Palgrave Macmillan. water. Shogren. Ecology. Frodeman. Swift. 2007. N. M. community and ecosystem. England. community. Ecosystem and its types. USA. & Pierce.. ethics and ecology.. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy. World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. Recommended Books: 1. B. soil. COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure . Farmington Hills.
Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems. landscape changes and their importance. King’s College London. 2000. community dynamics. P. Lab Work 25 . biotic factors. with special emphasis on their environmental impact. 1st Ed. ecological modeling. Biogeochemical cycles of C. 1999 4. 1992. agricultural and industrial ecosystems.W. aquatic microbiology. M. UK. Ecology (concepts and applications. New York. characteristics of urban. Biomes of the world. Chapman. 6th Ed. 3. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. J. New Delhi. various concepts of community.) Moles. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). Concepts of Limiting factors.topography and air as ecological factors. C. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. E P. Tata McGraw-Hill. C. role and application of microorganisms in the environment. population dynamics. Microbiology of terrestrial environments. After completion of this course. habitat and niche. bacteria and eukarya. and Barett. COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment. 2001 5. students will be able to understand the significance. J. aero-microbiology and food microbiology. M C J 1st ed. Cambridge University Press. plant geography and animal distribution. Systems ecology. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. Fundamentals of Ecology. Recommended Books 1. Population distribution and abundance. UK. productivity of different ecosystems. B. G. distribution limits.L and Reiss. 5th Ed. N. landscape ecology. M J. Dash. Odum. Fundamentals of Ecology. 2004. Microbial metabolism. Ecology (principles and applications). Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. Thomson Brooks/Cole. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. and More. 2.Cox. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea. Ecosystem: structure and function. Populations. WCB/McGraw-Hill. and S.
and Brendecke. Mean plate count.J. R.. transportation & treatments. Peiece. peppor. 2009..Gerba. Cambridge University Press. Prentice Hall. isolation. L. Microbiology.L. Soil. Hill.B. D. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic.K.A.J. Marine & Industrial pollution. 2. McInernery.. Pepper. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution. USA.L. C. Academic Press.J. purification and preservation. 2005. J. Fate of Environmental Pollutants. USA. Prescott.. R. Environmental Pollution and Control.J. USA. 4. F. McGraw Hill Inc. I. W. London. USA. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally. P. G. (Elsevier) USA.A. Hartel. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines. 4th Edition. 3. USA. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual.I. Effects of Pollutants. 26 . Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents. C.P. UK. 2007. Dilution plate technique.. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal.. Manual of Environmental Microbiology. Recommended Books 1.L.P. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel.P. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution. M.. and Stetzenbach. 2. Weiner. Case Studies. Washington DC.D. and Zuberer. M. D.M.. Hurrst. 2 Edition. Human & other living organisms.J. 1995. 2002. nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution. and Gerba. and Jeffery. Harley. Maier. Academic Press. D.. Noise. Understanding Environmental Pollution. American Society for Microbiology.. its sources and their effects. P.. Academic Press.. Butterworth-Heinemann.Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection. Collection. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution. Water. Crawford. 2005. J. Types of Environmental pollution: Air. New Jersey. 2005. 2nd Edition.M. Fuhrmann. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology.C.V.G. and Klein.1998. L. Knudsen. 5. International Protocols (BASAL Convention).and Vesilaind. Environmental Microbiology. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water. Recommended Books: 1. Cambridge UK.A. Solid Waste generation.F.W.R. 3. J. Pollution Control Strategies. Sylvia.M. A..
Cloud Classification. Houghton J. Radiation and climate. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics .From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. 1992. 3.F. 6th Edition. Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). Methods of psychology..E. 27 . Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences. Factors affecting air Pressure. Tarbuck. K. The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan. Spyros. Karachi. climatic zones of Pakistan. Recommended Books: 1. Sadder.K.. Solar radiations. John Wiley and Sons. A brief historical background and schools of psychology. Pandis. The Hydrologic cycle. processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. 1988. The Atmosphere. concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications. local winds. American Public Health Association (APHA). COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems. 2002. 2. N. A. 4.W. Lawrance K. Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided. The Physics of Atmospheres. 2003. . Surface winds.. Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere. Marcel Dekkar.M. Royal book company.2nd Editions. Lutgens.4.J. 2006 5. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment.. Austin Miller. air pressure. Weather and Climate. global circulation. Shamshad. John H. The climate of Pakistan. condensation and cloud Formation. Heat and the Earth's atmosphere. Climatology. Environmental psychology. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere. Mechanism of heat transfer. 5. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology. Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History. Cambridge University Press. Four Spheres of the Earth.
species response to pollutants. their management and ecological restoration. P. techniques and methods of restoration. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. rivers. Greene. CRC Press.C. London. Recommended Books: 1. Bell. T. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. Pollution control through Ecology. Course Outline Introduction. concepts. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan. sustainable agriculture. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine. Ecological restoration.D. 5th Edition. Soil as a natural resource. threats and mitigation. Environmental Psychology. Sustainable agricultural practices. and Baum A.. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts. soil salinity and water logging. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture. Water as an ecological resource. Ecology of food production. carbon dioxide and global climate change. Water and distribution of species. Future water scenario of Pakistan. soil resources of Pakistan. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. 2. Routledge. High population density and psychological impacts. soil erosion and conservation. 1992.A. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. Eysenck. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. M. Fisher J.W. solar radiation and primary production. Environmental perception and cognition. Fundamental of Psychology.characteristics and research methods. COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. Sustainable livestock management practices. limitation of irrigated agriculture. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives. Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change.. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. energy and carbon balance. CRC Press. London. Routledge. Restoration of derelict lands. 28 . Background and scope. 2001.
5. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. Soil Science.. dose response relationship in living organisms. 2nd ed. 1996. Lahore. Odum E. Oxford. Foundations of Restoration Ecology.A. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system. E. 4. toxins vs toxicants. 1989. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents. water and soil. Islamabad. J. toxicology of chemicals. A.I. Pakistan’s Environment. Mumtaz. University of Peshawar. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications. Organs. Determination of Interaction of chemicals. Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History. 29 .W. toxicity screening using microbial systems.Recommended Books: 1. Falk. K and Habib.National Book Foundation. D. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals. 3. R. Immunological considerations in toxicology. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. Peshawar. Potentiation and Addition. and Memon. K. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals. 2006. Studies in Pakistan Geography. and Barett. Toxicity: Types and its measurement. Determination of chemicals in biological samples. 5th Edition. J. Zedler. 2004. Thomson Brooks/Cole. A. Shirkat Gah.. in vivo & in vitro assays.. Israr-ud-Din.S. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management. on human and other living organisms. biological effects. G. from natural and anthropogenic sources.P. Rashid. toxins & toxicants. soil and air samples. terminologies: Poisons. USA. Synergism. and Hobbs. P. Chemical interactions and their types. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic.1998. 2000 2. Fundamentals of Ecology. Blackwell Scientific Publications. Island Press. Margaret A. their containment and control strategies. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing.. Newman. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms. B. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water.
Government of Pakistan. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann. Recommended Books: 30 . First and Second law of Thermodynamics. Macmillan Press Ltd. economic development and the environment. Economic: agriculture.D. the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements. geography. 1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development. 1992. measuring environmental benefits. USA. McGrawhill. 3. water resources. 1996.Science of Poisons . Course Outlines Introduction.). CRC Press Llc. W.Recommended Books 1.. 5th Edition.2005 2. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis. M. P. the economy and the environment. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement. 1st Edition. General and Applied Toxicology. economic aspects of different environmental problems. pollution control-a general model. Klassen. Vol.1 & 2. 1st Edition. major ecosystems. 1993. USA. international trade and the environment. 3. health. Williams. W. COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development. 2005 2. urbanization and pollution. State of the Environment-Pakistan . T and Turner. the economic benefits of different environmental resources. USA. education. clean development mechanism. Environmental Profile of Pakistan. culture. Recommended Books 1. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York. Ecological: ecological zones. people. Ballantyne. Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. Course Outlines Introduction to history. Hughes. topographic zones. industry. land. B.M. (ed.
Standard solutions and standard curves. Turner. D. Oxford University Press.2002. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual. A. M.. handling. B. Field. Conductivitymetry.D.. I. Qualitative Chemical Analysis.J.. C. Recommended Books: 1. preparation and storage. Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH. D. 2. K. and F. Freeman & Co. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin.K. Lab Work S. Sparrow and D. water and plant analysis. Gravimetery. Johns Hopkins University Press. West. M. Collingwood. 3. D. and Batemen. BOD. New York.R. COD. Environmental Economics: An Introduction. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. Reuter. 4.K. Conductivitymetry.C. salinity & sodicity). Peverill. 2005. precision and accuracy.and Field. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve. 2003. Australia. Environmental Economics.UK. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction. Pearce. 1993.2004. 2000.I. Harris.. 2. Kolstad. 6th Edition. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive. Skoog. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association). COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. Thomson and Brooks. 3. CSIRO Publ. L. Sample collection. USA. Holler. 8th Edition.W. Data interpretation for quality control.A. Spectroscopy and Chromatography. Oxford. soil (NPK and organic matter contents. Sample preservation methods.. Fluoride. Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory. Titrimetery. Analytical techniques for soil. NO3–N & NH4-N). Titrimetery.. J.L. 31 . 1999. and derived S. Use of Potentiometery. Biomarkers in environmental assessment. C. D. Gravimetery.1. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling. units. All Solids.I.
D.COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments. After completion of this course. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns. Biosensor. W. 3. Bioreactors. Chichoster.living organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution. A. 2009. USA.W. Wiley-VCH Verlag.1999. 4. 2. Recombinant DNA technology. Biomarkers. and application of biotechnology in the environment. National Biotechnology Commission. and Russel. Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants. 2007.P.. Environmental Biotechnology. students will be able to understand the significance. USA. Course Outlines Introduction. Tools in environmental biotechnology. Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems. New York. purification and preservation of DNA. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms. Hans- Joachim. Sambrook. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. Biotechnology. Oxford University Press. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. J. Government of Pakistan. 2005. J. 2001. D. J. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. Scragg. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd. New York.. USA. COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 . Smith.E. (ed. Isolation. 5th Ed. and Josef. England. Germany. National Biosafety Guidelines. PCR. Recommended Books 1. 2nd Ed. Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques. Cambridge University Press.). 2005. Derbre. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques. Introduction to microbial kinetics.
Data acquisition. Energy Sources. A. Agriculture. Inc. Types of data used in GIS. 1999. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. Introduction to Photogrammetry. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. Mc Graw Hill Education. 3. John Wiley and Sons. Active and Passive remote sensing. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). Guilfoud press New York. Fishery and wildlife. Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. Introduction to GIS. 2009. Cartography. Inc. Rancez.Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. R. Campbell. 2000. 2000. Forestry. history and platforms. Image Processing. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. advantages and limitations of process. Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. John Wiley and Sons. Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. F. 2. Satellite Imageries. V. eradication of the duplicated data. Inc. Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. Dessinov. analysis and output. 2008. Preparation of thematic maps. K and L. Using and reading GPS in field. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . map projection and coordinate systems. Jensen. 4. Interpretation. Different types of maps. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). Lulla. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. Z. integration of information from many sources. 5. Data entry and output. A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. Aerial photography. Pearsons Education. Harvey. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. History and data collection. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission.
Conservation of biodiversity. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. 2001. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management. F.This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits.2nd Ed. social and ethical values of biodiversity. Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles. alpha and beta diversity. Methods of environmental protection. plant.3rd Edition . Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1. standards and guidelines. cleaner technologies. 1998. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production. Systems and Support Techniques. Sheldon. 2. Environmental Economy. Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. Related Environmental legislation. B. 2005. M. ecological. M. hot spots of biodiversity. 3. economic. American Society for Quality. types of biodiversity. A. Michigan. Certification of EMS. principles of Cleaner production.C.. Course Outlines Introduction. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. Environment and sustainable development. philosophical.). WWF Pakistan.. International Organization for Standardization. threats to biodiversity and its conservation. 4. animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan. eco-design. etc. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. Environmental aspects and impacts. Environmental Management Systems Principles. and Qasim. COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. 34 . Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS). Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). and Yoxon. Khan. 2006.. threats to biodiversity. American Society for Quality. Environmental Management tools. need and approach.
Rawalpindi. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring. Cox. chemical addition. Mirza. 2ndEd. 2000. sampling and design purposes. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan. conservation and livelihood. presampling requirements/information. Biogeography. laboratory custody. protected areas. ecotourism.B. soil and living organisms. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan. international agreements. C. forests. refrigeration and freezing methods. cities. Considerations. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora. air. design and types of samples. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment. plants. conservation in man-made ecosystems. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques. Sunderland. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. croplands. 35 . habitats. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes. Quality assurance and quality control... in-situ and ex-situ conservation. 3.B. Course Outlines Introduction. water.R. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. management. 2. Lahore). their categories. P.conservation at species. community and ecosystem level.e. London. conservation strategies. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples. Publ. 1998. Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i. role of traditional knowledge in conservation.. Lab Work Sampling techniques (air. NOC for plant operation. A Primer for Conservation Biology. Recommended Books: 1. and Morre.D. national and international laws and regulations. Kings College. Conservation of wildlife. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme. Saad Printers. Sinauer. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing. EIA requirement.B. population. Z. Preservation methods including pH control. quality assessment. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan. field custody. Associates Inc. quality control sampling. 2000. role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. P. Legal protection of species.
2002. Recent Climate Change Indicators. H.) McGraw-Hill. Peakall. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. phenological changes. New York. extinctions. 2000. and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change. altered community structure.1999. Precipitation. regional. USA. 2008. S. Keith. Regional droughts and 36 . (eds. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course. N. UK. human health. USA. and Guethner.. F. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. 2002. Human responses to potential climate change. Environmental Chemistry. Manahan. Lewis Publisher London. 3. S. D. (ed) Springer. L. 8. Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate. Remote Sensing Note. 1992.USA. Energy and Temperature. 6. Chapman and Hall. Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. 7. D. E. Chuviero. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local.1996. Ozone depletion. E. biological. COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change.. The Measurement of Climate Change. 5. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. Korte. USA. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data.Recommended Books: 1. Physical. Burden. Forstner U. Japan Association on Remote Sensing. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts. Moisture in the Atmosphere. Murai. chemical. agriculture. 2008. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention. its causes and effects. and social factors contributing to climate and global change. R. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. . 2nd Edition. 2. I. Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change. Tokyo. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. Air Pollution and Acid Rain. McKlivie. Earth Observation of Global Change. Patterns in Winds and Pressure.
A. & Nixon. 2000. public involvement. project implementation and follow up. 2005. Climate Change . Keith. Hardy. social impact assessment (SIA). reporting. Recommended Books: 1. J. National Book Foundation. Earthscan Publication Ltd. and Solutions. T. 1999. John Wiley & Sons.A. Hardy. Recommended Books: 1. law. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice. J. Therivel.. 1986.cataclysmic climate change. and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction. screening. 2. Sringer.(ed). 2004. Global Warming and Climate Change. Main stages in EIA process. overview. EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan. principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society. impact analysis. mitigation and impact management. John Wiley & Sons.. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. Glasson. (ed. 1994. review of EIA quality. 2003. Blackwell. and Solutions. decision-making to implement the project.O. 3. 2003. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press.Causes. 2. Houghton. R.Causes. London. Types & Resources to produce Energy. Effects. D. J. Ministry of Housing and Works. Routledge. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts. 2005. Global Change and the earth system.. Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems.. J. liquid. and noise. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment. Oxford. Harrop. Islamabad. 5. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. 4.. Islamabad. and Chadwick. A. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. 4. EIA project management.T. solids. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. Climate Change . Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels. J. 3. 37 . role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis. Cost and benefits of EIA. scoping. COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project.). 2005. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. London. Effects. 1st Edition. Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2)... Petts. 6.
R. A. United Nations Environment Programme. effective management. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. John Willey & Sons. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. 1997. R. Carpenter. 38 . M. management options. importance. H. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources. Watershed management: Importance basic principles. solar power. requirement. process and contents of the management plan. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia. problem in agriculture. wildlife census. Development of Management Plan: needs. limitation in the future. B. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources. F. national example. USA. wind power and nuclear power. agriculture chemicals. Evans. (ed. Conservation in Progress. their current status and threats. causes and methods for its improvement. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies. Recommended Books: 1. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan. J. 6.. forest types and its existing management. Lohani. Types. 1993. best available option for future. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. methodologies. Everitt. B.. occurrence and distribution of natural resources..5. threat and its causes. S. Ludwig. EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual. Goldsmith. threats. 2002. & McCabe. agriculture products and their share in GDP. existing management approaches. national agriculture policy. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. New York. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level. Sadler. Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level. their pros and cons. Rangeland Management: existing status. national and provincial legislation.. and Tu. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly.. 2nd Edition. COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area..).B and Warren. management options. Asian Development Bank..
New York.2. 3. Research Proposal: its importance . Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison). Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. Case Studies. Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf. Literature Search: Database. Hansen. London. 5. Interviews. 1992. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. Elsevier. Sage CA. P. GOP and IUCN.. to introduce students to research design. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design. Environmental Conservation. W. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem. Research Design & Research Methods. Objectives. V. Search Engines. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods.L.E. and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research. Islamabad. R. J. 4. Bibliography. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment.A pre-requisite for Research. Selecting the Research Method. USA. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1.Amsterdam. concepts and terminologies. Sampling: the logic of sampling. population and sampling frames. 2007. Thousand Oaks. 39 . & Plano Clark. types of sampling design/. S. Experimental Research.F. Creswell. and Jorqensen. Scientific Methods. Dasmann. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. 1984. 1990. John Wiley & Sons.E. Scientific Research: Science. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice. Material Methods. research methods. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data. Surveys. Review of Literature. Review of Literature. How to put things together? Introduction. Questionnaire.1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study. Methodology. Inference based on findings.
Booth. Robert Yin. Marilyn F.Harrad. Diamon. S. 3rd Edition. Government of Pakistan 3. USA. 6. G. of Chicago Press.. Wadsworth Publishing Company.S. 2003.. 3.. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers. England. 4. 2008. Recommended Books: 1. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 . Conservation Strategies and Action Plans. M. National Environmental Policy 4. Qadar.Batty. 2001 and the rules of business made there under. USA. National Conservation Strategy 5. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules. Belmont California.h. 1997. 5. SNBP Local Government Ordinance. R. 1989. Moriarty. Law Books House. Students project in Environmental Science. E.2. 1997. 2000. 2nd Edition. Writing Science Through Critical Thinking. and Arhonditsis. regulations made there under. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development. 2003. 2001. John and sons Ltd. Survey Research Methods.USA. The Craft of Research by Wayne C. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan. 2. Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation. Babbie.. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan. Chichester. Univ. Sage Publishers.
This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45
POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46
RESEARCH PROJECT/ INTERNSHIP
E-I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY
To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,
5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.
E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan.. Oxford University Press Karachi. and Qamar. water quality and quantity aspects. Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT).K. Asia Printer. A. recycling and re-use of wastewater. Pakistan . improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency.). Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization. Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia. groundwater exploitation. with drinking water facilities like springs. O. A. precipitation distribution in Pakistan. Indus Water Accord 1991. wetlands resources management. Course Outlines Water resource and its management. 2003. Oxford University Press New Delhi. P.. R. Bengali. U. Ahmed. (eds. 3. flood and droughts. Briscoe. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment. 2006.). A.Varis. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry. Pakistan.. I. Revised & enlarged edition. The Politics of Managing Water. J.. flood and drought management. Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. virtual water. Biswas.. N. water supply and demand management measures. Islamabad. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan. 4. hydrological cycle. integrated water resources management (IWRM). SDPI Oxford University Press. N. tubewells.. R. C. watershed/catchment. 2. Khan. 2005. and Malik. (ed.. Islamabad. 6. 5. pollution aspects. and Tortajada. like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. Recommended Books: 1. Groundwater Resources of Pakistan. K. it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects. Mirajuddin Publication . 1993. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. 2006. Lahore.Lahore. water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan. Ahmed. fisheries management. 44 . Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant. Mirajuddin Publication .1993. Cheema. climate change and its impacts on our future water resources.
CA. D. R.C. Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. residential mobility and the neighborhood change. D. hydrological processes. Urbanization. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. USA. USA. 2008. Factors and processes of soil formation. Cation and anion exchange. National Book Foundation. soils. Causes of urbanization. Soil buffering capacity and its importance. After completion of this course. urban political ecology. E. Course Outlines Introduction. and Weil. Hillel. Prentice Hall. 1996. R. USA. transport. Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. humans as components of urban ecosystems. urban settlements. Bashir. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. Urban ecosystem.. management and green productivity. the salient features of urban environments. urban patterns and ecosystem functions. R.R. Academic Press. urbanization in Pakistan. Course Outlines Introduction. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. Soil degradation. Soil Science. 11th Edition. Brady. Upper Saddle River. Islamabad. Definition. PrenticeHall. Soil forming minerals.T. 2007. urban landscapes characteristics.W. Pakistan. Forms of urbanization. urban flora and fauna. Gardiner. Types and properties of parent materials. NJ. 2007. and Bantel. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations.. Physical and chemical properties of soil. future of urban centers. Process and outcome. 1.E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. Upper Saddle River. Miller. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. Soils in Our Environment. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization. 45 . NJ. N. San Diego.
. S. O. M. Springer. Silberstein. nature and purpose of urban planning. City Design for Sustainable Development. UK. Recommended Books: 1. H. London. Scope.and Kowaril. 3. D. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. Routledge. Planning and Urban Change. 2006.. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments.. Types of Urban Plans. Hejny. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. J. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems. The Ecology of Urban Habitats.L. 5. SBS academic publishing. 1. New trends in planning and city management. V. Hague. 2004. Routledge. Levels of planning. UK. USA. S. Planning theories and concepts. USA. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans. 2000. Chapman and Hall. The planning process. Land use planning theories. A. Justification for planning for city management. UK. Alberti. Aims and Objectives of planning. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area. New York. 2009. 2. 2007. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level. Sukopp. Ward. C. Hough. Kate.. Planning and its relationship with other professions. 4. Elements of urban planning. 1989.. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability.Recommended Books: Urban Ecology. London. E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels.S. CRC Press LLC. Penguin Group. Principles of planning. 2004.1990. I. nd 2 Edition. Smith. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city.and Maser. UR. Gilbert. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation. The Works: Anatomy of a City. 46 . SAGE Publications Ltd. M. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. 2.
Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). M. P. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies. H. Disaster Management: Components of management. Ministry of Housing and Works. It discusses a wide range of aspects. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development.W. 2. Political factors. 3. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures.. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N. 47 . Boulder . assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum. Clara. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made. 4. Recommended Books: 1. Flooding. Disaster Management Trainings and Policies. Paris. 2nd Edition.W.B. and White G. UK.e. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters. Chapman & Hall. 1986. Flood Management: Organizational Role. 1993. International phenomenon. Islamabad. R. E&UA Div. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches... It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. Longman Group. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies. Manila. 1989. D. Natural Disasters Alexander.. 4. The Guilford Press.UNESCO. 1993. Prediction.F. Cultural factors. Socio-economic factors.J. Earthquake Management. Disaster as an opportunity for development. Landslide. Introducing Town Planning. New York. New York. The Environment as Hazard Burton I. Hazards. 1993.. i. Westview Press. G. Different approaches and Indicators. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms. Physical factors. Kates. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies. 1991. Techniques and methods to assess hazard. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization. ADB. Earthquake. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards... Natural cycles and their role.. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors. Government of Pakistan. and Woodrow. Role of Media in Disaster Management.3.
OECD/IEA. 2001. D. 2007. Perry R. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources.. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life.W. Farming practices for pests and weeds control. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. New York. Biotic structure. Botkin. Ecological concept in crop and food production. consumers. uses. 1983. biomass resources. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources. 2. Quorum Books. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. solar. 3.M. E.H. local. Phytoremediation and bioremediation. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America. USA.5. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources. types. decomposers. 1984. 4th Edition. 6. 48 . primary producers. 6th Edition. alternate energy resources. energy resources. A. Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem. and Mushkatel. McKinney. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems.. Agroecology. 1. L. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment. Sustainable livestock management. energy resources of Pakistan. Westport. Schoch.L. Consumer and producer relationship. hydropower.B and Keller. and Yonavjak.. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation. sustainable energy management. Disasters and Development Cuny. F. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals. 2007. Deforestation for agricultural purposes. M. R. John Wiley and Sons. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources. Paris. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers. Course Outlines Energy-development and environment. merits and demerits of wind.C.A. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet.
Study of index of diversity. Westview Press. Altreri. 2000. R.A. Boulder. McGraw Hill Publishing Company. Yandermeer J. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species. CBS Publishers and Distributors.M. USA.H. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture. 1995.R. New Delhi. P. and Sudha. E-11 Seminar 49 . 3. Experimental Plant Ecology. 2.P. C. Agrocology.Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity.Determination of density and abundance of plant species. USA. Kapur.G. New York. India. Corol. and Rossel. M. Recommended Books: 1.. 1990. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity. Study of stratification and profile diagram.
2. 4. The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science. The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions. The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization. that: 1.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. 3. 5. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science. it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor. 50 . the Committee agreed on the following principles. availability of the faculty and other facilities. The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines.
Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. 10. 8. The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. 23. 5. 9. 16. 21. 22. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 3. 4. 7. 15. 6. 3. 7. 9. 25. 19. 12. 11. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. 20.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1. 13. 8. 2. 5. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 . 17. 11. 6. 4. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. 18. 2. 12. 14. 24. 10. 26.
Ball. GOP and IUCN. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment. and Bell. Amsterdam. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems. 3. Provincial and Local Strategies. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan. Draft National Environmental Policy.1991. Conventions and Protocols in Global. Carrying capacity and sustainable development. S. F. London Black Stone Press Ltd. Mackenzie. Regional and International Environmental Issues. 2. 3. Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management. S.DETAILS OF M. Relationship of culture. Environmental control Policies. technology and resource use. Oxford University Press.A. Environment People and Economy. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. 1991.. Hansen. Instruments and methods. S. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall. 52 .E. 2nd Edition.F. P. Islamabad. development of concepts. Conservation Strategies. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan.. 1987. Khan K.1995.T. 1992.1994. FURTHER READINGS 1. Karachi. Recommended Books: 1. Treaties.1994. Mackenzie J. Geography of Pakistan. Elsevier. WCS. Hodder and Stoughton.. status of Terrestrial.S. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences. Oxford University Press. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change.E... Money. 2. and Jorqensen. London. D. 4. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling. NCS.
Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment. Air and Solid Waste. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. role and importance. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. economic impact assessment. ed. procedures and methods of EIA. Ministry of Environment. 3. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery.COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction. Environmental auditing. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. Wood. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). FURTHER READINGS 1. Washington. DC. Environment Department. Harlow Essex.Vanclay. Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. F & Bronstein. Assessment of environmental impacts. Government of Pakistan. 1995. Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Case Studies and review. Environmental and Social Impact assessment. A one Publishers Lahore. Longman House. COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. Wastewater. Longman Scientific and Technical. A. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. opportunities and issues. England. 53 . 1993. UK. Environmental Chemical Analysis.. sampling rules. Ed. social impact assessment. D. John Wiley & Sons.A. Principles of physical. Burnt Hill. 2. Recommended Books: 1. Sectoral guidelines for EIA. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements. C. 1995. sample collection and preservation. Cost benefit analysis of projects. Gas Chromatography etc. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. Ahmed. World Bank. 2. History. Chichester. process. WB. Demographic impact assessment. Recommended Books: 1. K. ecological impact assessment.
K. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne. T.. 2nd Ed. 2. feasibility study. Project Life Cycle. T. Nebel.. outputs. 3. Inc. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. R. USA.. John Wiley and Sons. Project Management: A Managerial Approach. T. safety techniques. S. Mantel s. A. Project Initiation. Occupational Health: problems and issues. Writing Project Proposal. Environmental Health Engineering. USA. 1997. Yassi. inputs. Project Management Institute. 5. indicators.2000. B. Primary health care services. Public health concept. and Guidotti.. means of verification. Ergonomic and Safety. Government Policies and Programs.COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project. air borne. Caeneross. MS Project Recommended Books: 1. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. T. assumptions. development objectives. Oxford University Press New York. Meredith J. 54 . New York. L. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). 1993. M/S Banarsid. economic evaluation. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. principles and practices. de Kok. 4. Park. Accident prevention and safety plans.. Project Planning and Approval Processes. J. 2001.. COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems. UK. and Wright. Van Nostrand and Reinhold. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. Kjelllström. Project Planning. Prentice Hall International Inc. prevention and control. Resource Mobilization. Recommended Books: 1. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. Defining Project objectives. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic. 1998. M. Wiley Interscience. J. R. Lippmann. 1st Ed. 2. 2002. activities. 1st ed... food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. specific objectives. Reasons for Project success or failure.. Planning Commission Performas. 1st Ed. A Guide to Project Management. London. 1992. Basic Environmental Health. work breakdown structure. Need identification.
M. bio-energy resources. Paris. 2. St Luise Press. E. 3. energy resources. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. 3. D. types. 4. 4th Edition. Botkin. L. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Related Environmental regulations. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal. uses. 6th Edition. M. 1998. Sayre. principles and elements of the process of EMS. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. Principles of cleaner production. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. Michigan-January 2001. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. energy resources of Pakistan. 2. merits and demerits of wind. 2001. non-renewable and renewable. Environmental Auditing. nuclear) local. 55 . D. John Wiley and Sons. Recommended Books: 1. industry and domestic sectors. ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family.COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). Sources of data. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. petroleum. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management. data collection and interpretation. 2007. Recommended Books: 1.L. gas. and Yonavjak. transport. Schoch.. 2007. Paris. OECD/IEA. R. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. Switzerland. 1990b. solar.B and Keller. hydropower. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). McKinney. Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. Environmental auditing. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms. USA. ISO Central Secretariat. sustainable energy management for agriculture.A. alternate energy resources.
& Charlesworth. Hardy. Blackwell Publishing. 2005. Blackwell Publishing. J. Oxford UK. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. plant conservation. (Ed.). resources and plants. 2004.. Climate change and food production.Causes. global aspects of plant ecology. Springer. types of climate change models.. Climate Change and Ecosystems. Effects. management and restoration. UK 1991. water resources. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. J. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. vegetation dynamics. and Solutions. Plant population dynamics. and Solutions. John Wiley & Sons. 1st Edition. 2005. The Green House Effect. Plant Ecology. forests. 3. 2. 2005. 2003. survival and extinction. human activities and vegetation dynamics. 2003. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. Species richness. Chichester. 4. E. 5. 2. Vegetation Ecology Ed.D. Beck. London. Effects. Houghton. D. Green House Gases. B & Jager. types and their climatic effects. etc. E & Muller-Hohenstein. Introduction to Plant Population Biology. D. climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. J. Recommended Books: 1. 56 . UK. Life history strategies of plants. geographical and temporal patterns. Climate Change . Maarel. John Wiley & Sons. Shulze. Oxford. Climate Change . COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics. T.T. 1. Earthscan Publication Ltd. 2005. Warrick. ECOPE 29. Berlin. Modeling of climate change. Recommended Books: 1. K. Hardy.COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. ED. competition and coexistence. John Wiley & Sons. Silvertown.Causes. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. 3. plant invasions.
National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation. Wetlands. Status of forests in Pakistan. 3. II). Essentials of Conservation Biology. London. Forest plantations. Rangeland management. Recommended Books: 1. Consumptive. 57 . Inc. COURSE 11 WILDLIFE. Roberts. Robinson. Protected areas. Cambridge. Oxford University Press. distribution and management. Oxford University Press. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol.J. 2. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity.G. T. And Bolen. Threatened animals and plants. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management.B. Conserving Living Natural Resources. 1984. 5. Blackwell Publsihing. 2002.J.J. 1986. management. I). Oxford. R. Establishment and management of protected areas. USA. Global and national biodiversity.(2nd Ed. Protected areas in Pakistan. T. K. FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. status. types. Principles of Wildlife Management. Weddell. Publishers Sunderland. 4. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. E. Sinauer Assocaites.J.) Gaston. problems and solutions. Primack. Wildlife Ecology and Management. Extinction of species. types. 1992.A. & Ripley. Sustainable forest management. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. 2004. Mcmillan. & Spicer. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali. threats and conservation. Oxford. their types and role in conservation. John Wiley And Sons. Bailey. biological diversity. Cambridge. S. Protection and restoration of species. W. UK. Roberts. 2002. Participatory forest management.L. deforestation and its control. Loss of biodiversity. 1973 2. 3.D. Cambridge University Press. habitats and ecosystems. kinds. B. distribution. Wildlife of Pakistan. Oxford University Press. Biodiversity: An introduction. Oxford. J. their ecological and economic importance. 1998. its causes. Forests. distribution. J. S. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity. UK. Recommended Books: 1. their importance. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan.COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction.
. future of urban centers. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. Penguin Group. V. urban systems and their characteristics. UK. Clara. sanitation.. Ward. 2.. USA.and Maser. Islamabad. Silberstein. Longman Group.. Urban land use planning and management. Planning and Urban Change. Forms of urbanization. A. urbanization in Pakistan. Kate. 4. 2000. G. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. J. S. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages. management of transport. 1986. Sustainable cities. E&UA Div. C. urban political ecology. Ministry of Housing and Works. drinking water and solid waste in cities. 3. 58 . USA.COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction. 2007. urban landscape characteristics. New York. Government of Pakistan. H. The Works: Anatomy of a City. Recommended Books: 1. 2004. Introducing Town Planning. SAGE Publications Ltd. 1993. Environmental problems of urban life. UK. Urban planning and management in Pakistan. CRC Press LLC. London.
Thomson and A. Oxford University Press. a) Functional English Grammar 1. Practical English Grammar by A.V. Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. Exercises 1. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase.A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. ISBN 0194313492 59 . clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1. 1997.Annexure . Third edition.J. Martinet.
Exercises 2. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. Reading/Comprehension 1. 1997.V. Fourth Impression 1993.2. Martinet. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. and speed reading. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. minutes of meetings. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. Thomson and A. Third Impression 1992. Writing. ISBN 0 19 453402 2.J. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 . Reading. Third edition. Oxford University Press. Oxford Supplementary Skills. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. b) Practical English Grammar by A. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. Upper Intermediate. intensive and extensive. Oxford Supplementary Skills.
Thomson and A. Writing. narrative. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Writing. Practical English Grammar by A. content. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking).V. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. Exercises 2. descriptive and argumentative writing). language. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Martinet. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 . Oxford University Press 1986. Third Impression 1992. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. clarity. 2. Writing. Fourth Impression 1993. discursive. ISBN 0 19 453403 0.J. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. Fourth Impression 1992. 2. Advanced.1. Third Impression 1991. form. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. Reading 1. Reading. b) Writing 1. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Advanced by Ron White. c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. introduction to presentations. Third edition. Oxford Supplementary Skills. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1.
Compiled by norther Illinois University. descriptive. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. without taxing the taste of engineering students). 62 . General Editiors: Janice Neulib. 3. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. College Writing Skills by John Langan. Mandell. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. St. A Custom Publication. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. 2.(particularly suitable for discursive. 2004. argumentative and report writing). Kathleen Shine Cain. Kirszner and Stephen R. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. Martin’s Press.
Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. Muslim advent iii. Society and social structure c. Zaidi. Course Outline 1. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. Karachi: Oxford University Press. contemporary Pakistan. 4. ideological background of Pakistan. 2000. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. Shahid Javed. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. . Lahore. S. 3. Study the process of governance. 1988-99 f. Contemporary Pakistan a. 1993. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. 1958-71 c. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980.M. 1977-88 e. 1947-58 b. 1994. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. government. 2. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. Indus Civilization ii. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. politics.Annexure . People and Land i. Historical Perspective a. Akbar. 2. Economic institutions and issues b. Safdar. Karachi: Oxford University Press. S. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki. 1971-77 d. b. national development. Ethnicity d. 63 Books Recommended 1. Location and geo-physical features. State & Society in Pakistan. Mehmood.B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. 1999 onward 3.
nd. Lahore: Vanguard. Sayeed. 12. Wilcox. Party. Islamabad. K. 13. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Lawrence. M. Washington: American Enterprise. 11. Enigma of Political Development. Karachi: Royal Book Company. Haq. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. I. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. 1972. 7. Rafique. History & Culture of Sindh. 1980. Ziring. 1993. 64 . 8. 14. Mehmood. Political Parties in Pakistan. Institute of Public Policy Research. 1998. 6. Afzal. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 10.National Movement in Pakistan. Pakistan Under Martial Law. Ansar. Tahir. Zahid. Aziz.5. 1980. Ethno . Club Road. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. The Political System of Pakistan. Muhammad Waseem.K. 1987. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. Noor ul. 1976. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Khalid Bin. Politics in Pakistan. 1967.. Amin. 9. II & III.The Emergence of Banglades. Safdar. Wayne. Vol.
W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.A.6.A.21.19.40.Tadabar (Verse No1.57.Annexure .56.A.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 .W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S. 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.A.58.20) Related to thinking.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.
3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt. in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .
Islamabad (2001) 67 . “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. International Islamic University. “Studies in Islamic Law.3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. Pakistan. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. Ahmad Hasan. IRI. “Emergence of Islam” . “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute.” Hussain Hamid Hassan.S. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. Bhatia.
Houghton & Mifflin. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. 1986. set operations. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Wooton W.Annexure . COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression.D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. Beckenback EF. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. Boston 68 . Cramer’s rule. College Algebra and Trigonometry. 1978. complex numbers. determinants. functions. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. equations reducible to quadratic equations. matrix inverse. cube roots of unity. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. not majoring in mathematics. introduction to sets. PWS-Kent Company. system of linear equations. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. PWS-Kent Company. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. Boston Swokowski EW. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. types. 1987. geometric progression. trigonometric identities. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. types of functions. harmonic progression. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. Sharron S.
Ma. Recommended Books: Anton H. not majoring in mathematics. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. continuous functions. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. parallel and perpendicular lines. John Wiley. differentiation of polynomial. functions and their graphs. Reading. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. intersection of two lines. Finney AR. integration by parts. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. not majoring in mathematics. New York Stewart J. PWS-Kent Company. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). change of variables in indefinite integrals. Calculus (11th edition). Calculus and Analytic Geometry. Bevens I. Addison-Wesley. distance between a point and a line. solution of equations involving absolute values. 2005. rational and transcendental functions. Davis S. various forms of equation of a line. angle between two lines. inequalities. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. derivatives. equation of a line. 69 . 2005. Calculus (3rd edition). Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh.2. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. slope of a line. USA 3. integration by substitution. 1983. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. distance between two points. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. Boston Thomas GB. 1995. left-hand and right-hand limits. continuity.
Circle: Equation of a circle. Scott. circles determined by various conditions. Freshman and Company. Conic Sections: Parabola. determinants. equations reducible to quadratic equations. 70 . SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). 1969 Kaufmann JE. types of functions. PWS-Kent Company. • Contents 1. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. Boston Swokowski EW. functions. intersection of lines and circles. inverse of matrices. system of linear equations. College Algebra and Trigonometry. • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Introduction to sets. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. Analytic Geometry. 1987. hyperbola. nature of roots of quadratic equations. PWS-Kent Company. ellipse. : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. locus of a point in various conditions. Cramer’s rule. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. set operations. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. 1986. types of matrices. Boston 4.
cumulative frequency curve. quartiles. tally sheet method. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines.. R. J. Latest Edition. Measures of dispersion: Range.. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. 4. W. circle and trigonometric functions. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. 5. 71 . variance.geometric and harmonic progressions. Prentice Hall. Boston. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. Swokowski. 2. trigonometric identities.. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. R. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. R. PWS-Kent Company. bar frequency diagram histogram. frequency polygon. individual. E. skewness and kurtosis. types of frequency series. Latest Edition. Graphs: Graph of straight line. Latest Edition. Books Recommended: 1. Wilcox. E. standard deviation. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. Walpole. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’.. characteristics of statistics. E. ungrouped and grouped data. relationship of statistics with social science. discrete and continuous series. Kaufmann. deciles and percentiles. array. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. moments. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. 2. 3.
Slope of a Line. 6. sinusoidal function. integration using partial fractions. Hughes-Hallett. John Wiley & Sons. 1999. integration by inspection. Calculus. infinite and improper integrals. integral inequalities. Recommended Books: 1. 3rd Edition. Thomas. Trigonometric Functions. the inverse of differentiation. I. Calculus. 6. Solution of equations involving absolute values. 5. Inc. Bevens. Calculus Single and Multivariable. Frank A. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. 2002.Jr. theorems of differentiation. and Transcendental Functions. Prentice-Hall. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. Calculus. Equation of a Line. 11th Edition. reduction formulae. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. 2005. Mathews. Rational and Transcendental Functions. Leibnitz’ theorem. Continuity. plane polar coordinates. Swokowski. Second Edition 1992. Extreme Values of Functions. Addison Wesley publishing company. John H. 3. 4. McCallum. logarithmic differentiation. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . Elliott Mendelson. W. Gleason. 8th edition. Schaum’s Outline Series. E. implicit differentiation. S. integration by parts. Rational Functions. et al. 2. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. quotients. Continuous Functions. special points of a function. Inequalities. applications of integration. • Integration Integration from first principles. Davis. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. 4th edition. 1983. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. 2. Integration by Parts. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. Boston. Inc. logarithmic integration. 2005. Least-Squares Line. substitution method. Anton. Contents 1. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. Jhon Willey & Sons. products. the chain rule. H.
Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 . modulus and argument. multiplication. series involving natural numbers. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. the difference method. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. geometric series. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4. identities of hyperbolic functions. finding the nth roots of unity. approximation errors in Taylor series. inverses of hyperbolic functions. solving hyperbolic equations. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. arithmetico-geometric series. division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series.Additions and subtraction. complex conjugate. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem.
5. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. line to line. orthogonal. unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. masses. centers of mass and centroids. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. the inner product. symmetric and antisymmetric. moments of inertia. Pappus’ theorems. point to plane. vector product. of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 . scalar triple product. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. 6. Hermitian. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7. of a unitary matrix.
Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. divergence of a vector field. spherical polar coordinates 75 . differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. combinations of grad.8.
Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. Ogive for Discrete Variable. Types of frequency curves. Bar charts. sampling with and without replacement. Discrete and continuous variables. Editing of Data. Coefficient of variation. level of significance. The Mean Deviation. Poisson and Normal Distribution. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Exercises. 76 . Statistical problem. Diagrams. sampling and non sampling errors. Sources. Significant digits. Unit 3. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Errors of measurement. Graphs and their Construction. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Unit 7. Data. Quantiles. Difference of means and proportions. Empirical Relation between Mean. Exercises. The Mode. Unit 2. Exercises. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Exercises. Pie chart. Historigram. The Variance and standard deviation. Exercises. Different types of Averages. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Unit 4. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. null and alternative hypothesis. Rounding of a Number. Collection of primary and secondary data. definition of outliers and their detection. Median and mode. Population. Absolute and relative measures. Change of origin and scale. Probability and Probability Distributions. probability and non-probability sampling. The semi-Interquartile Range. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Observations.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Unit 5. Stem and Leaf Display. sample design and sampling frame. Standardized variables. Type-I and Type-II errors. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Presentation of Data Introduction. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Range. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Exercises. Box and Whisker Plot. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Test statistics.Annexure . Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Histogram. Moments and Moments ratios. Exercises Unit 6. bias. properties of Good Average. acceptance and rejection regions.
F. Inc. Macmillan Publishing Co. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters.Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction.. 77 .Unit 8. 1982. simple linear regression. Coefficient of linear correlation. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. Kitab Markaz. r and R2. New York.Single Population Introduction. Exercises. 2 Muhammad. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. examples. Exercises Unit 9.. “Introduction to Statistics”. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. Regression and Correlation Introduction. cause and effect relationships. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. its estimation and interpretation. Unit 11. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. Testing of Hypothesis. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. E. Exercises Unit 10. R. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole. 3rd Ed. 2005. Contingency Tables. Correlation.