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For BS MS
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………
6 12 14 50 51
certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges.ALTAF ALI G. therefore. and 36. It is. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. D773/76-JEA (cur. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees. R&D organizations.PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. respective accreditation councils and stake holders. universities and other institutions of higher education. dated December 4th 1976. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards. PROF. Lahore. It also aimed to give a basic. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation. degree awarding institutions. SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 .). the Federal Government vide notification No. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic. DR. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30. 2009 at the HEC Regional Center. 63. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. The world has turned into a global village. and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours.
Preparation 5 .CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRI. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. EXP. REC. R&D. UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRI. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I PREP. Abbreviations Used: NCRC. PREP. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI. OF DRAFT BY NCRC REVIEW IMPLE. OF FINAL CURRI. LI R&D HEC Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. OF NCRC. UNI. OF CURRI. COL. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREP. QUESTIONNAIRE CONS.
Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. 7. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. Karachi from 28-30. Member 4. Lahore Member 6. Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. Rawalpindi Dr. Dr. Member 3. Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr. Member 6 . April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline.Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre. Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2. Dr. Dr. Following attended the meeting:1. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. Rawalpindi Dr. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head. Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. Member 5.
Dr. Karachi Member 12. Member 15. Dr. 13. Member 11. Prof. Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. Dr.8. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. 7 . Dr. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9. Member 14. Member 16. Dr. Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore. Prof. Member 10. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi. Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof. Dr. Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr.
Member 19. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. Islamabad coordinated the meeting. Karachi. The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. Mr. Dr. Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. The meeting was opened by Mr. At first. Member 20. Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University. Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. Mr. 2. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society. Shafiq-ur-Rehman. Faisalabad Member 18. Dr. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. Secretary Dr. Director of HEC Regional Center. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. 8 . Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards.17. 1. Chairman.
1. The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. 5. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development. 2. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. The committee thanked Mr. Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 . 4. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities. 3. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. In last few centuries. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment. 6. The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities. These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses.3. Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants.
skills and behaviour patterns. in its preliminary meeting. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences. Apply theoretical understanding. ii.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. regional and global contexts. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv. This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. 5. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 . economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today. Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science. This committee. and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility. Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii. RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5.
In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science. 4. Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment. DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee. 1. 5. 3. assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science. skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes. UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level. eight semesters in the semester system. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3. pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i. that: 1. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes.e. 6.. The medium of instruction. with consensus. 2. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F. Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature. Sc. The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration. The 11 . A. Integrating natural sciences. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English.
Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13. English-II 12. Environmental Pollution 22. Environmental Physics 16. The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order. SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1. Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5. Climatology* 23. Biology –I* 3. Biology –II* 9. Introduction to Earth Science 8. Introduction to Computer 14. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7. Fundamentals of Ecology 20. English-I 6. Introductory Economics* 17.proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. Environmental Microbiology 21. Environmental Chemistry 15. Sociology/Anthropology* 11. Introduction to Environmental Science 2. Psychology* . Basic Chemistry* 4. English-III 18.
Opt. ELECTIVE-III 42. Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours . Environmental Monitoring 36. Climate Change 38. 46. 45. ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43.24. English-IV/ Univ. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37. 44. Environmental Impact Assessment 39. Environmental toxicology 27. Natural Resource Management 40. Environmental Economics 29. Environmental Management Systems 34. Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25. Environmental Biotechnology 32. Biodiversity & Conservation 35. Applied Ecology 26. Research Methods in Environmental Science 41. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28.
• Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical.
environmental pollution.M. Environmental Science: systems and solutions. G. M.DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline.A. & Nebel. E. L. development in industry and agriculture. history. urbanization.J. R. 6th Ed. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.L. Miller. Major components of environment: physico-chemical. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth.I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life. 2007 3. 2. socio-economic. biological and social. lipids. 2007. 10th Ed. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment. Thomson Learning. its importance in human life. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future.. Human environment and its problems: global. Botkin. John Wiley & Sons. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates. poverty and resource depletion.T. Pearson Educational. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. Recommended Books: 1. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development. Wright. 2002. 4th Ed. current global. national. Schoch. & Yonavjak. regional. The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms.. ethical. ecological. 15 . nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society. R. Environmental Science: working with the Earth. D. and their relationships with various environmental factors. B. 2007. philosophical. Different aspects of environment: physical.B & Keller. McKinney. 4. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY . proteins and nucleic acids.
Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life. 2008. Lewis. Cell division. N. 2007. Lingappa. Canada. Origin of life: chemical evolution.. Australia . Plopper. Self Assessment and Revie. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations. L. Cells. and Lewis. USA. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning. The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. 5th Edetion. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. carbohydrates. Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell. Ionic. A. 3. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology. Bulter. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus. USA. Molecular Biology through Questions. Starr. 2003. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions. phospholipids in membrane systems. J. M. polypeptides in protein diversity. chemical diversity. Shier. Structure and the basis of function. protobionts. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. esters. lipids. the molecule of genetic information and replication. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin. covalent. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals. B. 16 . Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. carboxylic acids. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. Crossley. New York. Cassimeris. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. 5. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. 1. 4. R. Ltd. 1996. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa. Wadsworth Group. and Whitelaw. Aromatic compounds. coordinate covalent bond. V.. lipids. R. E. USA. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. Nucleic acids.. McGraw. G. amines). Introduction to cell biology.Hill International Edition. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. Biology: a Human Emphasis.. C.. 2007. carbonyls. D. chemical basis of life. origin of metabolism. 2. Study of mitosis in onion root tip. 8th Ed. proteins.
.M.ions. expansion of determinants. F. molal. Understanding Environmental Pollution. 8th Edition. Freeman and Company. geometric and harmonic sequence. USA. 6th Edition. West. normal solutions/buffers. Use of spectrophotometric techniques. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. 1st Ed.A. real line. 2nd Edition. J. UK. Algebra of matrices. 2004. J. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. minor and cofactor of a matrix. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations). Surface chemistry.E. 2004. and Holler. 3. T. Cambridge University Press. Blackwell Science.C. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles. 4. Solution chemistry. Brimblecombe. P.. 5. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. M. angle-sum formula. series and means. Sequence and series: Arithmetic.H. EC and TDS in waste water. COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences. Liss.K. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. P. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane.. Colloids chemistry. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. Thin layer chromatography. D. graphs. Recommended Books: 1..Special Products (Binomial Expression).J. Column chromatography. UK. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. 2.. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional). 2004. law of Cosines. coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane. Lab Work Preparation of molar. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. Binomial theorem (Simple applications). double angle formulas. 2nd Edition. determinants. Jickells. Skoog. straight line and related concepts. concepts of six basic trigonometric functions.S. Hill. D. Girard. Andrews. radicals. Osmosis and Dialysis. Measurement of pH. D. Thomson and Brooks. simultaneous equations and their solutions. Photochemical reactions.. W. equations of lines (linear equations).. B.D. Matrices and Determinants: Matrix.. 2005. Harris.J. 17 . Canada.E.. Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers. 2003. and Reid. Jones and Barlett. USA. values of trigonometric functions.
R. foliation. nonrepeated linear factors. by parts integration (simple applications).Wesley. 4. Narosa Publishing House. Trignometry for College students. D. Jr. This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals. earthquakes. cleavages. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. L. theorem of integration. 10th Ed. igneous and metamorphic rocks. Scott Foresman and Company. lineation and unconformities. 3. COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure . Addission. mountain building. Chain rule. Introduction to folds. product and quotient rules without derivations).. earthquakes and volcanoes.A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure . weathering and erosion. California. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions. difference. K. S. 2. plate tectonics. Introduction to sedimentary. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. faults. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension. Recommended Books: 1.B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. joints. different earth processes like mountain buildings. Introduction to rocks and minerals. the processes of their formation. Smith. Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography.B. New Delhi. 18 .. irreducible quadratic factors. Fossils and their significance. 4th Ed. Weathering. its origin.Cramer’s Rule. erosion and related landforms. G. Chatterjee. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. Analytical Geometry. Thomas. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. theorems on differentiation (sum. J. Integration: Formulas of integration. age. Abraham. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. 1999. Pacific Grove. composition and its internal structure. Earth as a member of solar system. and Finney. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation.
Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. Field Study tour. and Tasa.. K. examples of adjustments in varied environment. measuring biodiversity. causes of extinction. J.. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation. R. Prentice Hall.. Tarbuck.. 11th Edition. J. Lamarckism. 3rd Edition. Biodiversity of deserts. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. Geographical aspects of biodiversity. COURSE 8 BIOLOGY . Foundations of Structural Biology. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis. Earth Science. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms. Lutgens.. invasion of life on land. animals). and Monroe. E. Prentice Hall: 2006. J. K. How Does Earth Work. 19 . taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification. 5th Edition. protocell formation. Geological time chart with biodiversity. 2007 3. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity. 2007 2. and Pun. F. R.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps. Smith. consequences of losing biodiversity. Life in sea. Brooks/Cole.II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water.. 2004. 2005. G. molecular basis of biodiversity. 5.. Park. Prentice Hall. Use of brunton compass and GPS.Identification of rocks and minerals. multicellularity. Tarbuck. different classification systems. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories. and Tasa. A. G. modern concepts. Biodiversity of hilly areas.. D. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat. population loss and decline. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species. Physical Geology and Process of Science. Lutgens. Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. unicellularity. Darwinism. 9th Edition. Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life. interactions among diversified life. D. Wicander.. Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology. biodiversity crises. Biodiversity of canal. 4. Routledge. Recommended Books: 1. crucial for organisms’ sustainability. F. E.
(editors). Consumption. 2nd Edition. and concerns. 3. I. Environmental Risks and the Media.. Routledge. (editor). The Ecology of global consumer culture. USA. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. Scope and application. 3. 2. Contemporary environment issues and debate. Inc. a Human Emphasis. John Wiley and Sons. and Sustainable Living. Nora and Wilk. Tripartite nature of environment. Understanding the environment-human relationship. I. and Spicer. Biology. 2009. R. 20 . New York: New York University Press. globalization and environmental issues. Conceptualizing environment. CA: AltaMira Press. Use of environment for vested interest. Contemporary environmental status. Culture.. Adam.K. Bradbury. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. Gaston. J. 2000. 4. Prospect Heights. P. 5th Edition. COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure . Walnut Creek. New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. C. Recommended Books: 1. K. culture and society. 2009. Hannen. The Biosphere. Wadsworth Group. C.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. Chronological. 3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment. Townsend. UK. 2003. J. Allan & Carter. Crumley. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology.E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems. Starr. K. UK. Perspective of human-environment evolution. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions. Biodiversity (An Introduction). Blackwell Science Ltd. L. 2005. power & hegemony. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. 2. 2001. IL:WavelandPress. UK. Inc. Goals and expectations. 2006.
6th Ed..C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion. system software. Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse. Kluwer Academic Publishers. output hardware.1999. Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures. 2. After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry.H. Ms-Power Point. Long l. COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure . Ed. software packages. as are their effects on the biosphere. Configurations. physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry. internet. Ms-Excel. Long N.BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment. Rutledge. Storage hardware. Hardware: Input Hardware.. Fundamentals of computer. Recommended Books: 1. K. Selin. Types and classification of computers.Microsoft office 2000. Course Outlines Definition. e-mail. 2003. 6. computer programs and basic applications. Ms-Access.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure . Introduction to MS-Word.London 1996. 21 . The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere. Operating system (Windows). G. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered. Courter. processing hardware.5. Software: Application software. Marquis A. Milton. Local Area Network.
Human perceptions and noise criteria. Liss.. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Gaussian plumes in the air.M.E. Transport of pollutants. Samir.. Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics. Springer. 2004.. 4. Turbulent diffusion. India. Global climate and climatic change. Fundamentals of aquatic. Fate of pollutants in environment. USA. Miller. Energy. Andrews. Brimblecombe.J. 2005. Equations of fluid dynamics. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. C. Ozone and UV light.. K. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light. Banerji Prentice Hall of India. DoriaSerrano. Diffusion. atmospheric and soil chemistry. J. Electromagnetic radiation.. M. 3. 1999. Ibanez.. Basic acoustics. Thomson-Brooks. Germany. trophic level. 1st Edition. and Singh. Jickells. Isotopes and radioactive decay. Jones and Barlett. J. Entropy. 2008.E.. Solar spectrum. Energy conversion. Chemical reactions. Particle physics. photosynthesis. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light. Blackwell Science. Girard. B. their sources and toxic actions. G. Recommended Books: 1. Radioactivity and nuclear physics. 2. Environmental Chemistry. Heat radiation and heat transfer. its causes and adverse effects on environment. Environmental Chemistry.. COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter.S..D. Sound and Noise. Nuclear energy. 2nd Edition. M. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants. Active control of sound. and Reid.. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems.Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry. 2004. Solids. Ozone chemistry. Turbulent jets and plumes. Canada. Measurement and comparison of the 22 . interaction of light with matter. P. 5. Reducing the transmission of sound. UK. Fregoso-Infante. J. Environmental impact of various industries.G. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts. Turbulence.T. A. Hernandez-Esparza.. Conversion of mass. T. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer. Environmental Science. Liquids and Gasses. P.
. Growth and Environment. Routledge. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter. Man environmental relationship. interaction between ecology and economic management.Economic development. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Introductory Environmental Physics. Natural resources and the economy. Growth and development. S. USA. COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. M. N. G. economic growth. 2. economic growth and its measurement. S.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. UK. poverty. Pakistan economic context: National income. H.1998. Smith. economic welfare and difference among all. John Wiley and Sons Inc. J. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. 7th Ed. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. and Resource allocation. Economic functions of environment. P. Field visit. Sustainable development. New York. C. 23 . Praxis publishing. Economic management and environmental quality. 2001. concepts and measurement. economic progress. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. Yusuf. Producer behavior. USA. World Bank Publications. and Van Grondelle. Wesely Publishers. USA. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. Environmental Physics. 2008. Physics of the Environment and Climate. Environmental economics. E. Todaro. 2008. population and environmental quality. USA. Boeker. Recommended Books: 1. Measures for sustainable development. R. Economic Development. and Pandis. Seinfeld. Kentucky USA. producer and community point of view. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development. Impact of economic activity on environment. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods. Recommended Books: 1. 2001. 3. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. 2006. 4. Course Outlines Introduction to economics. Guyot. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. 2.
World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. levels of ecological organization. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. C. Touchstone Books. Hanley.. biogeography. Natural philosophy.A. Introduction to ethical theory. 2007. B. branches of ecology.3. its fundamental concepts. 2. Course Outlines Introduction. and White. World Bank Publications.. population.A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems.. J. J. community. Callicott. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale. USA.. Recommended Books: 1. WCIV7AA. Kessinger Publishing. Frodeman. Shogren. and systems ecology. Environmental philosophy and ethics. Ecosystem and its types. Portland 1967. England.V. community and ecosystem. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. Ecology. description of population. USA. International Thomson Publishing. COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure . D. B. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. 2002. 3. Farmington Hills. water. A History of Western Philosophy. the ethics of soil. Russell. 2009. Swift. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy. N. LLC. ethics and ecology. Palgrave Macmillan. 4. Economics. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy. R. soil. DeVeer. M. 24 . B. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. species. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy. 4. concepts and approaches. SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology. role of light. Environmental Critics of agriculture. 2008. 2008. temperature. London. & Pierce.
E P. characteristics of urban. New York. role and application of microorganisms in the environment. with special emphasis on their environmental impact. Thomson Brooks/Cole. Lab Work 25 . various concepts of community. 2001 5. students will be able to understand the significance. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. community dynamics. ecological modeling. Recommended Books 1. B. N. Ecology (principles and applications). J. bacteria and eukarya.topography and air as ecological factors. Dash. and S. M. After completion of this course. Ecosystem: structure and function. UK. biotic factors. Microbiology of terrestrial environments.L and Reiss. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). and More. aero-microbiology and food microbiology. population dynamics. Tata McGraw-Hill. Concepts of Limiting factors. Ecology (concepts and applications. King’s College London. Populations. 1992. 1st Ed. Biomes of the world. 3. productivity of different ecosystems. 2000. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. M C J 1st ed. Biogeochemical cycles of C. Chapman. distribution limits. 2004. G. WCB/McGraw-Hill. 5th Ed. M J. C. Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. Fundamentals of Ecology. J. C. agricultural and industrial ecosystems. 1999 4. UK. landscape changes and their importance. plant geography and animal distribution. Microbial metabolism. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. landscape ecology. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea.) Moles. New Delhi. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. Cambridge University Press.W.Cox. Fundamentals of Ecology. aquatic microbiology. 6th Ed. and Barett. Population distribution and abundance. COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment. P. habitat and niche. Odum. 2. Systems ecology. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems.
Butterworth-Heinemann. L.A.. Case Studies. International Protocols (BASAL Convention). isolation. its sources and their effects. New Jersey. Human & other living organisms. Academic Press.Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection. W.. 26 .L. A. Types of Environmental pollution: Air. P.1998.I. McGraw Hill Inc. D. J.. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology.R. Crawford. Soil.A. USA. J.F. 4th Edition. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution. 2nd Edition..L. L. USA.P. and Zuberer. Dilution plate technique. USA. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water..M. 2005. M. Environmental Pollution and Control.D. Peiece. and Jeffery. D. Effects of Pollutants.J.A.. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution. F... Cambridge UK. Washington DC. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel.V.J.M.and Vesilaind. 2005. 2009. I. Fuhrmann. 4. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution. R.P. J. 5. Collection. (Elsevier) USA. Fate of Environmental Pollutants. Pollution Control Strategies. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal. Pepper. American Society for Microbiology.L.J. Recommended Books: 1. C. Prentice Hall. Academic Press. USA.. nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution. UK. McInernery. 2002. Water. 2005. Harley. USA.P. and Gerba. 2007.G. Marine & Industrial pollution.B. C. and Stetzenbach.K. peppor. 2 Edition. Cambridge University Press. Knudsen. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines.M. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally. P. transportation & treatments. Recommended Books 1..J.and Brendecke. R.J. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual. G. Mean plate count. 2. M. Academic Press. Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents. Microbiology. and Klein.Gerba. Environmental Microbiology. 3. Hill. Understanding Environmental Pollution. Hurrst. 3. Prescott. Solid Waste generation..C. purification and preservation. 2. London.. Noise. Hartel. Sylvia. 1995. D. Manual of Environmental Microbiology. Maier. Weiner.W.. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic.
5. The Hydrologic cycle. A brief historical background and schools of psychology. Radiation and climate. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere. The climate of Pakistan. Karachi. 2006 5. Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History. John H. 27 . Royal book company.W. The Physics of Atmospheres. 2003. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment. N. 4. air pressure. The Atmosphere.. American Public Health Association (APHA). The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan. 1988. K. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology. Pandis. Methods of psychology. Surface winds. local winds. Weather and Climate. Cambridge University Press.4. Austin Miller. Mechanism of heat transfer. Heat and the Earth's atmosphere. 6th Edition.M.K. Environmental psychology. 3. Spyros. condensation and cloud Formation. Cloud Classification. Marcel Dekkar.. Tarbuck. A. COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences.. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . Lawrance K. Climatology. Shamshad. Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere. Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). John Wiley and Sons. climatic zones of Pakistan. COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems. concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. Factors affecting air Pressure. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. 2. Sadder. Houghton J. global circulation..F. Recommended Books: 1. Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided. 1992.J. processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. . 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications.From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. 2002. Lutgens. Four Spheres of the Earth.2nd Editions.E. Solar radiations.
limitation of irrigated agriculture.W. London. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. soil erosion and conservation. sustainable agriculture.D. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture. Routledge. 5th Edition.. T. Fundamental of Psychology. solar radiation and primary production. Soil as a natural resource. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. Course Outline Introduction. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan.A. Water and distribution of species. Environmental Psychology. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine.C.. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change. Fisher J. carbon dioxide and global climate change. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species. Future water scenario of Pakistan. High population density and psychological impacts. Bell.characteristics and research methods. Sustainable agricultural practices. Background and scope. their management and ecological restoration. soil salinity and water logging. Recommended Books: 1. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. London. CRC Press. Pollution control through Ecology. Environmental perception and cognition. M. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts. threats and mitigation. Greene. Eysenck. concepts. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. P. CRC Press. and Baum A. Water as an ecological resource. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives. Restoration of derelict lands. 1992. rivers. Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. species response to pollutants. Sustainable livestock management practices. 2001. techniques and methods of restoration. soil resources of Pakistan. Ecological restoration. energy and carbon balance. 2. COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. 28 . Routledge. Ecology of food production.
in vivo & in vitro assays. Soil Science. Shirkat Gah. 2nd ed. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. and Barett. B. Chemical interactions and their types.Recommended Books: 1. 3. from natural and anthropogenic sources. A. Peshawar. Falk.National Book Foundation. J. on human and other living organisms. USA. toxins vs toxicants. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. 2000 2. Oxford.. Pakistan’s Environment. University of Peshawar. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. dose response relationship in living organisms. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. Blackwell Scientific Publications. Rashid. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications. 5. K. and Hobbs. biological effects. 1989.P. Thomson Brooks/Cole. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History. D. 1996. 2006. Islamabad. Organs. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water. toxicity screening using microbial systems. Israr-ud-Din. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents. 5th Edition. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals. Determination of chemicals in biological samples. Synergism. E. 2004. Studies in Pakistan Geography. Toxicity: Types and its measurement. and Memon. 29 .. Determination of Interaction of chemicals. K and Habib. G. R. J. COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals. Island Press.I.1998. Fundamentals of Ecology. A. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic.S. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. Odum E. Immunological considerations in toxicology. Newman. toxins & toxicants. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures.A. water and soil.W. Mumtaz. Margaret A. terminologies: Poisons.. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. P. soil and air samples. 4. Foundations of Restoration Ecology. Lahore. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management. their containment and control strategies. Potentiation and Addition.. Zedler. toxicology of chemicals.
1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development. Recommended Books: 30 . topographic zones. people. USA. General and Applied Toxicology. Williams. Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology.Science of Poisons . 1st Edition.1 & 2. COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York. T and Turner. 1992. health. the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements. Macmillan Press Ltd. Ecological: ecological zones.). Hughes. W. education. 2005 2. Recommended Books 1.2005 2. Klassen. 1993. CRC Press Llc. land. USA. economic aspects of different environmental problems. (ed. USA. culture. M. geography.D. measuring environmental benefits. 1996. the economic benefits of different environmental resources.M. W. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology. economic development and the environment. 5th Edition. P. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann. water resources. First and Second law of Thermodynamics. 3.Recommended Books 1. McGrawhill. industry. State of the Environment-Pakistan . Government of Pakistan. pollution control-a general model. Economic: agriculture. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis. urbanization and pollution. Course Outlines Introduction. Environmental Profile of Pakistan. 3. B. Ballantyne. 1st Edition.. Course Outlines Introduction to history. major ecosystems. Vol. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement. the economy and the environment. clean development mechanism. international trade and the environment.
Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory.D. West. 2005.. Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH. Data interpretation for quality control. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples.R. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive. units. 6th Edition.UK. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery. preparation and storage. Skoog. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. Pearce. 2000. precision and accuracy. Harris. 31 .I. Kolstad. and derived S. All Solids.1. Sample collection. Fluoride. Lab Work S. L. Biomarkers in environmental assessment.2002. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction. D. Use of Potentiometery. I. 2003. 2. Conductivitymetry. COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. Titrimetery. Freeman & Co. 3.2004. 8th Edition. Environmental Economics: An Introduction. K. BOD. Titrimetery. Spectroscopy and Chromatography. salinity & sodicity). soil (NPK and organic matter contents. water and plant analysis.J. Johns Hopkins University Press. Standard solutions and standard curves. Oxford. and F. 4. Analytical techniques for soil. Environmental Economics. CSIRO Publ. M. handling. Collingwood. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. 1993. C. Thomson and Brooks. New York.. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association)..I. Reuter.C.A. 3. Gravimetery. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling.L. Gravimetery. Turner.K.and Field. COD. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. A. Australia. J. 1999. 2. Sample preservation methods. D. M. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual. D. USA. Conductivitymetry.W.K... NO3–N & NH4-N). Sparrow and D. Field. B. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin. and Batemen. C. Recommended Books: 1. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve. Oxford University Press. Peverill. D.. Holler.
Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems. Derbre. A. USA. Environmental Biotechnology. purification and preservation of DNA. Recommended Books 1. After completion of this course. Recombinant DNA technology. COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 . Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns. Tools in environmental biotechnology. 2007. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques. 2005. Scragg. Course Outlines Introduction. J. Biomarkers. England. Isolation. students will be able to understand the significance.D. D. Wiley-VCH Verlag. J. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques.W. and application of biotechnology in the environment. National Biotechnology Commission. Biosensor. Smith.E. USA. 2009.1999. 2. 2001. New York. USA. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment. Introduction to microbial kinetics. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms.). and Josef. 5th Ed. 2nd Ed. New York. Bioreactors. Government of Pakistan.P.living organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution. Biotechnology. Hans- Joachim.. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures. Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants. Germany. 4. J. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments. Chichoster.. and Russel. Cambridge University Press. PCR. Sambrook. 2005. 3. (ed. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. Oxford University Press. National Biosafety Guidelines. W.
COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . integration of information from many sources. Harvey. Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. K and L. Different types of maps. Active and Passive remote sensing. Preparation of thematic maps. 2. Data entry and output. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. V. Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. Rancez. 2000. Introduction to GIS. A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. Inc. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). Interpretation. 3. 2000. Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. map projection and coordinate systems. Guilfoud press New York. Jensen.Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. advantages and limitations of process. Types of data used in GIS. 2009. eradication of the duplicated data. 1999. Satellite Imageries. Pearsons Education. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). John Wiley and Sons. Z. Aerial photography. Forestry. Using and reading GPS in field. Energy Sources. Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. Inc. Lulla. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1. Dessinov. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission. Inc. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. Campbell. Cartography. Image Processing. Mc Graw Hill Education. A. F. Fishery and wildlife. Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. 5. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. history and platforms. Introduction to Photogrammetry. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. History and data collection. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. R. analysis and output. 4. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. Agriculture. Data acquisition. 2008. John Wiley and Sons.
Environmental Management tools. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS).This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance.C.). plant. 4. M. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. Course Outlines Introduction. social and ethical values of biodiversity. hot spots of biodiversity. Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor. alpha and beta diversity. threats to biodiversity and its conservation. standards and guidelines. Conservation of biodiversity. Systems and Support Techniques.. need and approach. Michigan. American Society for Quality. eco-design. 2005. 2001.. 1998. 2. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production. Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1. and Qasim. animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan. American Society for Quality. principles of Cleaner production. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. Environmental Management Systems Principles. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management. 3. Methods of environmental protection. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. and Yoxon. Related Environmental legislation. threats to biodiversity. Khan. Environmental aspects and impacts. types of biodiversity. F. Sheldon. ecological.3rd Edition . 34 .2nd Ed. economic. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR).. philosophical. B. Environmental Economy. WWF Pakistan. Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles. cleaner technologies. Environment and sustainable development. A. etc. M. Certification of EMS. 2006. International Organization for Standardization. COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity.
conservation and livelihood. 2. protected areas. national and international laws and regulations. Lahore). sampling and design purposes.B.. ecotourism. EIA requirement. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora. Lab Work Sampling techniques (air.B.conservation at species. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. Conservation of wildlife. Z. design and types of samples. management. air. quality assessment. Course Outlines Introduction. 1998. in-situ and ex-situ conservation. plants. Associates Inc. Considerations. Sunderland. Rawalpindi. Publ. cities. Legal protection of species. international agreements. Kings College. laboratory custody. habitats. field custody. conservation in man-made ecosystems. Preservation methods including pH control. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring. NOC for plant operation. Biogeography. 35 . Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples. Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i.R. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques. conservation strategies. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan. 3. Mirza.B. 2ndEd. chemical addition. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme. A Primer for Conservation Biology.D.. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment. P. role of traditional knowledge in conservation. community and ecosystem level. water. forests. Saad Printers. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring. croplands. 2000.. refrigeration and freezing methods. P. and Morre. 2000. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. Cox. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes. population. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan. quality control sampling. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan. C. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing. Quality assurance and quality control. role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. presampling requirements/information. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. their categories. Sinauer. London.e. Recommended Books: 1. soil and living organisms.
E. Lewis Publisher London. Regional droughts and 36 . Environmental Monitoring Handbook. 2008. Keith. H. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data. human health. and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change. S. (eds. . Air Pollution and Acid Rain. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts. Ozone depletion. Korte. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. Patterns in Winds and Pressure. Earth Observation of Global Change. Burden.1996. Physical. Moisture in the Atmosphere.) McGraw-Hill. D. N. UK. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. McKlivie. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention. Precipitation. New York. Forstner U. Chuviero. L. The Measurement of Climate Change. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. Human responses to potential climate change. F. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course. and social factors contributing to climate and global change. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide. R. USA. Japan Association on Remote Sensing. 2008. USA. 3. 2000.USA. COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change. 5.. Murai. D. Tokyo. phenological changes. and Guethner. agriculture. Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. 7. its causes and effects. regional. Manahan. (ed) Springer. Environmental Chemistry. 2002. Remote Sensing Note. 6. 2002. chemical. 8. extinctions. I. Energy and Temperature. Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change. Recent Climate Change Indicators. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. USA. biological. Chapman and Hall. 2nd Edition. E..Recommended Books: 1. S. Peakall.1999. Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate. altered community structure. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. 2. 1992.
2005. 4. Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems. 5. 2. National Book Foundation. 2. R. Effects. Global Warming and Climate Change. Petts. Islamabad. and noise. EIA project management.(ed). overview. and Solutions.Causes. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. 37 . Glasson. A. London. Cost and benefits of EIA. EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan. Blackwell. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels. Types & Resources to produce Energy.. decision-making to implement the project. impact analysis. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice.. 2004. 1st Edition. mitigation and impact management. and Chadwick. scoping. 2005. Islamabad.. Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2).Causes. liquid. John Wiley & Sons. 6. COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project. Recommended Books: 1. Keith.. reporting. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan. role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. 1999. Harrop. social impact assessment (SIA). law. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T.. & Nixon. and Solutions.O. A. Therivel. John Wiley & Sons. project implementation and follow up. Climate Change .T.cataclysmic climate change. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. 2005. Sringer. J. (ed.. Houghton. Main stages in EIA process. Recommended Books: 1. principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society. Hardy. 4. 2003. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment. public involvement. J. Hardy. Ministry of Housing and Works. Routledge. solids. J. D. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems. London. 2000.. T. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press.A. J. Global Change and the earth system.). Hydrocarbons & their byproducts. Effects. 3. 3. Climate Change . 2003. screening. 1986. and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction. Oxford. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. Earthscan Publication Ltd. J. review of EIA quality. 1994.
.. 2nd Edition. Evans. Lohani. national and provincial legislation. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy. importance. Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. 6. management options. 1993. USA. S. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level. management options. 1997. their pros and cons.. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan. threats. United Nations Environment Programme. 2002. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. Goldsmith. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources. forest types and its existing management. Conservation in Progress. existing management approaches. Asian Development Bank. process and contents of the management plan. Types. Carpenter. B. H. agriculture products and their share in GDP. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area. M. Everitt. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level. national agriculture policy. Recommended Books: 1.B and Warren. John Willey & Sons.5. A. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. Rangeland Management: existing status. B. causes and methods for its improvement. F. effective management. Watershed management: Importance basic principles. Ludwig. R. their current status and threats. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification. J. methodologies. wind power and nuclear power. national example. and Tu.. New York. best available option for future. agriculture chemicals. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia..). (ed. EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual. threat and its causes. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources. requirement. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies. solar power. Sadler. limitation in the future.. 38 . Development of Management Plan: needs.. R. wildlife census. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. problem in agriculture. occurrence and distribution of natural resources. & McCabe.
3. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice. Surveys. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. & Plano Clark. Creswell. research methods. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically. Research Design & Research Methods. population and sampling frames. Interviews. Review of Literature.2. 4. Bibliography. Case Studies. New York. John Wiley & Sons. GOP and IUCN. P. London. 39 .L. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem. 1984. Questionnaire. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. Scientific Research: Science. Objectives. Search Engines. and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research. W. V. Research Proposal: its importance . Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf. S. How to put things together? Introduction. Methodology. Selecting the Research Method. Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison).. Material Methods. Experimental Research. Sampling: the logic of sampling. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1. 1992. and Jorqensen. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). types of sampling design/. Environmental Conservation. Dasmann. Elsevier. concepts and terminologies.E. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. J. Hansen.A pre-requisite for Research. Islamabad. Literature Search: Database.F. 1990. to introduce students to research design. Sage CA. 2007.Amsterdam. Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. USA. Thousand Oaks. Review of Literature. 5. Scientific Methods. Inference based on findings.E. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods. R.1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study.
Writing Science Through Critical Thinking. USA.Batty. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans. E. Chichester. G. S. 5. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance. Belmont California. 1989. Univ. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. 2. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development. Babbie. Law Books House. National Environmental Policy 4. National Conservation Strategy 5. R. regulations made there under. 2001 and the rules of business made there under. England. Qadar. 2003.h.Harrad. Wadsworth Publishing Company. 2003. Booth. 3. 4. 1997. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan.. and Arhonditsis.. SNBP Local Government Ordinance. Diamon. 6. of Chicago Press. 3rd Edition. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules.. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act.S. 1997. 2001. Robert Yin. M. The Craft of Research by Wayne C.2.USA. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 . Recommended Books: 1. 2000. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan. John and sons Ltd. 2008. Students project in Environmental Science. Sage Publishers.. Government of Pakistan 3. USA. Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Marilyn F. Survey Research Methods. 2nd Edition. Moriarty.
This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45
POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46
RESEARCH PROJECT/ INTERNSHIP
E-I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY
To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,
5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.
6. Mirajuddin Publication . Pakistan. virtual water.1993. Islamabad. watershed/catchment. Revised & enlarged edition. (ed... Oxford University Press New Delhi. R. Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT).. tubewells. The Politics of Managing Water. and Tortajada. wetlands resources management. J. 2006. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. 44 . and Malik. A. integrated water resources management (IWRM). (eds. 2005. Cheema. fisheries management. C. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment. N. Oxford University Press Karachi. Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant.. Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. 2003. 1993. pollution aspects. SDPI Oxford University Press.Lahore. 2006. flood and drought management. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan. Biswas..Varis. Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia. U. 5. and Qamar. climate change and its impacts on our future water resources. recycling and re-use of wastewater. with drinking water facilities like springs. A. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry. A.. N. O. Briscoe. Asia Printer. water quality and quantity aspects. Ahmed. flood and droughts.. 2. groundwater exploitation. Bengali.K. Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization.). R. 3. Islamabad.). it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects.E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan. 4. Groundwater Resources of Pakistan. Course Outlines Water resource and its management. K. like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. water supply and demand management measures. Lahore. Pakistan . hydrological cycle. Recommended Books: 1. Ahmed. I. water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan. Khan. Mirajuddin Publication . precipitation distribution in Pakistan. P. improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency. Indus Water Accord 1991.
Prentice Hall. urbanization in Pakistan. Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils. N. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. 2007. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. 45 . Upper Saddle River. Gardiner. 1996. humans as components of urban ecosystems. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. After completion of this course. USA. Soil degradation.E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. E. Pakistan. San Diego. Soil buffering capacity and its importance. transport. R.C. R. Factors and processes of soil formation. National Book Foundation.R. Process and outcome. CA. Definition... Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. Physical and chemical properties of soil. Islamabad. management and green productivity. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization. Bashir. R. soils. Miller. USA. D. USA. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. 2008. the salient features of urban environments. future of urban centers. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. and Bantel. PrenticeHall. Academic Press. urban flora and fauna. Upper Saddle River. Cation and anion exchange. Soil forming minerals. and Weil. Urban ecosystem. Soils in Our Environment. Course Outlines Introduction. NJ. urban landscapes characteristics. 1. Causes of urbanization. 2007. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations. urban patterns and ecosystem functions. Brady. urban political ecology.T. urban settlements. Hillel. Soil Science.W. D. NJ. Urbanization. residential mobility and the neighborhood change. 11th Edition. hydrological processes. Course Outlines Introduction. Forms of urbanization. Types and properties of parent materials.
nd 2 Edition.Recommended Books: Urban Ecology. Scope... Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. London. Planning and its relationship with other professions. I. USA. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation. UK.S. Land use planning theories. 46 . Hough. Ward. UK. UR. A. 1. nature and purpose of urban planning.. Planning theories and concepts. Types of Urban Plans. New trends in planning and city management. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. Springer. Routledge. Justification for planning for city management. 3. Principles of planning. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans. 2. Alberti. London. 2004. J. H. 5. D. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. Kate. C. 2. New York. 2009. V. Gilbert. 2006. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city. Chapman and Hall. The Works: Anatomy of a City.. Elements of urban planning. Penguin Group. Sukopp. CRC Press LLC. M. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. City Design for Sustainable Development. 2007. 2000. M. S.. SBS academic publishing. Smith. 1989. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level. Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments. Aims and Objectives of planning. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development.L. SAGE Publications Ltd. Planning and Urban Change. E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels.and Maser. Recommended Books: 1. The planning process. Routledge. Hague.1990. 2004. The Ecology of Urban Habitats. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability.and Kowaril. 4. S. Silberstein. Levels of planning. UK. USA. O. Hejny.
Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N. It discusses a wide range of aspects. Flood Management: Organizational Role. and Woodrow. Political factors. 4. 3. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms.B. Prediction.W. Boulder . It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation.. Socio-economic factors. Clara. UK.. Kates. Physical factors. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches. New York. International phenomenon. and White G. 1991. Earthquake. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies. 1989. E&UA Div.F. 1993. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors. Natural Disasters Alexander.W. Techniques and methods to assess hazard. Different approaches and Indicators. D.. 1993. P.. Natural cycles and their role. The Guilford Press. Role of Media in Disaster Management. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization. Longman Group.UNESCO. Disaster Management: Components of management.J. Westview Press. Earthquake Management. Cultural factors. 47 . To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development.. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). Landslide. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards.3. i. 1986. Government of Pakistan. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research.. Recommended Books: 1. The Environment as Hazard Burton I. Disaster Management Trainings and Policies. R. 1993. 4. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum. Ministry of Housing and Works. Disaster as an opportunity for development. Chapman & Hall. G. Introducing Town Planning. H. Islamabad. ADB. Paris.. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures.e. M. Flooding. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies.. Manila. Hazards. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies. 2. New York. 2nd Edition.
Botkin. New York. OECD/IEA. solar. primary producers. M. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Perry R. Sustainable livestock management. environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources.A. types. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. and Mushkatel. 1984. energy resources. uses.. Disasters and Development Cuny.L. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers. Course Outlines Energy-development and environment. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals. Phytoremediation and bioremediation. Ecological concept in crop and food production. local. McKinney. 2001. consumers. E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment. energy resources of Pakistan. Paris. 4th Edition. Quorum Books. D. 1983. John Wiley and Sons. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future.C. R. Deforestation for agricultural purposes. merits and demerits of wind. 3. decomposers... Biotic structure. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem.H. 48 . Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. hydropower. sustainable energy management. Consumer and producer relationship. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America.M. 2007. F. biomass resources. alternate energy resources.W. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan.B and Keller. and Yonavjak. Farming practices for pests and weeds control. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation. Agroecology. E. 1. Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem. A. 6th Edition. Schoch.5. Westport. 6. L. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems. USA. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life. 2. 2007.
Kapur. Study of index of diversity. E-11 Seminar 49 .Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species. Recommended Books: 1. and Sudha. P. 2000..Determination of density and abundance of plant species. McGraw Hill Publishing Company.A. 2. Altreri. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity.H. R. USA. 1990. USA. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species. Agrocology. 1995. Corol. New York. Yandermeer J. Westview Press. CBS Publishers and Distributors. M. New Delhi. Study of stratification and profile diagram. India.M. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture.P. and Rossel. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity. Boulder. Experimental Plant Ecology. C.G.R. 3.
POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. the Committee agreed on the following principles. it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor. 2. The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science. that: 1. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science. The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions. 50 . 4. availability of the faculty and other facilities. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines. The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization. 5. 3.
26. 13. The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. 25. 22. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 21. 5. 15. 20. 2. Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. 24. 7. 7. 17. 6. 2. 9. 11. 8. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. 11. 19. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. 3. 9. 6. 23. 3. 4.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1. 12. 16. 8. 18. 4. 12. 10. 14. 5. 10. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 .
Draft National Environmental Policy.. Instruments and methods.1991. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems. 3. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall. London.E. D. Amsterdam.E. 1991. P. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan. FURTHER READINGS 1.. 3. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment. Hansen.1994. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future.. 2.A.DETAILS OF M. Environmental control Policies. Geography of Pakistan. WCS.T.1995. S. Environment People and Economy. Mackenzie. 2nd Edition. Elsevier. GOP and IUCN. London Black Stone Press Ltd.. NCS. Mackenzie J. Relationship of culture. 4.F. Oxford University Press. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences. S. S. and Jorqensen.. 1987. Recommended Books: 1. 2. 52 . Carrying capacity and sustainable development.S. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space. status of Terrestrial. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan. and Bell. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan.1994. Karachi. technology and resource use. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Hodder and Stoughton. Ball. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling. Khan K. Regional and International Environmental Issues. Treaties. Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management. F. Provincial and Local Strategies. Oxford University Press. Conservation Strategies. Money. development of concepts. 1992. COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management. Islamabad. Conventions and Protocols in Global.
Air and Solid Waste. opportunities and issues. History. Washington. social impact assessment. 1995. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. process. DC. Ed.A. procedures and methods of EIA. Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. FURTHER READINGS 1. ed. Ahmed. 53 . C. WB. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. Wastewater. Assessment of environmental impacts. Cost benefit analysis of projects. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. John Wiley & Sons. Wood. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements. Chichester. 2. Demographic impact assessment. Environmental and Social Impact assessment. Longman Scientific and Technical. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment. 1995. economic impact assessment. Ministry of Environment. Harlow Essex. Gas Chromatography etc. sampling rules.Vanclay. A one Publishers Lahore. Burnt Hill. Recommended Books: 1. Government of Pakistan. F & Bronstein. Case Studies and review. Environmental Chemical Analysis. UK. ecological impact assessment. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). Environment Department. Longman House. Principles of physical. Sectoral guidelines for EIA. 3.. role and importance. K. A. D. Recommended Books: 1. World Bank. England. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants. 2. Environmental auditing. sample collection and preservation.COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). 1993. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis.
communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne. Defining Project objectives. air borne. 1st ed. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. Planning Commission Performas. Occupational Health: problems and issues. Primary health care services. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). 1993. M/S Banarsid. USA. Project Planning. feasibility study.. and Wright. J. outputs. work breakdown structure. Project Management Institute. and Guidotti. 2002. development objectives. COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems.. K. specific objectives. Accident prevention and safety plans. T. 1992.. Inc.. food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. safety techniques. J. 1997. B. principles and practices.. Project Planning and Approval Processes. UK. Environmental Health Engineering. 3. Basic Environmental Health. MS Project Recommended Books: 1.COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project. Wiley Interscience. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. 2. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). John Wiley and Sons. M. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. 1998. Recommended Books: 1. 1st Ed. Oxford University Press New York. T. 2001. means of verification. Resource Mobilization. London. 5. A Guide to Project Management. New York.. indicators. 4. Public health concept. Need identification. S. R. Writing Project Proposal. economic evaluation. A. activities. Project Management: A Managerial Approach. Prentice Hall International Inc.. assumptions. Project Life Cycle. Government Policies and Programs. Reasons for Project success or failure. 1st Ed. Kjelllström. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. Van Nostrand and Reinhold. Meredith J. Lippmann. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine.. 2. Project Initiation. T. Park. USA. Ergonomic and Safety.2000. R. 54 . inputs.. prevention and control. L. de Kok. Yassi. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic. Caeneross. Mantel s. Nebel. T. 2nd Ed.
Michigan-January 2001. Schoch. transport. John Wiley and Sons. 2007. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. and Yonavjak. McKinney. L. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. 6th Edition. 2. 1998. Related Environmental regulations. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. D. 1990b. ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family.M. 3. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. energy resources of Pakistan. data collection and interpretation. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). 2001. Paris. D. ISO Central Secretariat. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). Sources of data..B and Keller. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal.L. Environmental auditing. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. types. Recommended Books: 1. Sayre. non-renewable and renewable. energy resources. 55 . Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. R. 2007. sustainable energy management for agriculture. gas. Environmental Auditing. petroleum. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor. alternate energy resources. solar. Botkin. 2. USA. 3. 4th Edition. nuclear) local.A. industry and domestic sectors. 4. merits and demerits of wind. uses. Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. bio-energy resources. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms. Recommended Books: 1. Principles of cleaner production. OECD/IEA. M. principles and elements of the process of EMS. Switzerland. E. St Luise Press.COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. hydropower. Paris.
COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. E. Modeling of climate change. plant conservation. Springer. and Solutions. Beck. Recommended Books: 1.COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. (Ed. Earthscan Publication Ltd. Berlin. 1st Edition. forests. Chichester. 2003. water resources. Maarel. John Wiley & Sons. John Wiley & Sons. human activities and vegetation dynamics. plant invasions. 2003. UK.Causes. Plant Ecology. 2. 2005. geographical and temporal patterns. Blackwell Publishing. survival and extinction. Hardy. J. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. Species richness. management and restoration. Oxford. Effects. B & Jager. resources and plants. London. Oxford UK. 3. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. Climate change and food production. Plant population dynamics. K. Warrick. Silvertown. Blackwell Publishing. Shulze.D. types and their climatic effects.T. ED. ECOPE 29. Life history strategies of plants. 56 . competition and coexistence. E & Muller-Hohenstein. 5. J.. UK 1991. T. Effects. types of climate change models. 2. Climate Change and Ecosystems. etc. 2005. Vegetation Ecology Ed. Houghton. Introduction to Plant Population Biology. Green House Gases. D..). Climate Change . Recommended Books: 1. D. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. global aspects of plant ecology. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics. 1. Hardy. and Solutions. 3. Climate Change . Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. J. 2005. vegetation dynamics. climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. The Green House Effect.Causes. 4. 2004. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. John Wiley & Sons. 2005. & Charlesworth.
1998. 2004. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity. Weddell. Oxford.B. E. Oxford University Press. FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. Wildlife Ecology and Management. management.(2nd Ed. Protection and restoration of species. II). Oxford. 3. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali.) Gaston. Threatened animals and plants. biological diversity. R. Global and national biodiversity. types. Oxford. status. its causes.D. types. their ecological and economic importance.J. Extinction of species. 1984. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity. problems and solutions. Conserving Living Natural Resources. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan. Participatory forest management. Mcmillan. & Spicer.A. distribution. 2002. S. Essentials of Conservation Biology.J. Inc. Cambridge. Cambridge. 3. Biodiversity: An introduction. 57 . 1973 2. UK. kinds. T. distribution. Bailey. Wetlands. Sustainable forest management.G. Recommended Books: 1. Roberts. T. J. Robinson. their importance. Loss of biodiversity. Recommended Books: 1. Oxford University Press. London. Status of forests in Pakistan. 4. Wildlife of Pakistan. Rangeland management. UK. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. 1986. 2. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. Publishers Sunderland. Blackwell Publsihing. Establishment and management of protected areas.COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction. & Ripley. Protected areas. Protected areas in Pakistan. Consumptive. habitats and ecosystems. J.L.J. USA. deforestation and its control. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. 2002. Forests. 5. Principles of Wildlife Management. their types and role in conservation. K. W. COURSE 11 WILDLIFE. S. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management. John Wiley And Sons. Oxford University Press. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation. Roberts. And Bolen. threats and conservation. Forest plantations. Sinauer Assocaites. I). The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. 1992. distribution and management. Cambridge University Press. B.J. Primack.
C.. Environmental problems of urban life. urban systems and their characteristics. USA. Government of Pakistan. drinking water and solid waste in cities. H. 1993.. sanitation. UK. E&UA Div. 2. Introducing Town Planning.. London. 3. A. 4. UK. G. Urban land use planning and management. 2004. 2000. future of urban centers. Clara. urban landscape characteristics. Longman Group. urban political ecology. Urban planning and management in Pakistan. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. 1986. The Works: Anatomy of a City. Islamabad. Silberstein. USA. V. J. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. S. urbanization in Pakistan. Ministry of Housing and Works. Planning and Urban Change. Sustainable cities. CRC Press LLC. management of transport. Forms of urbanization. Kate. Penguin Group. 58 .and Maser.COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction. Recommended Books: 1. 2007.. Ward. SAGE Publications Ltd. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages. New York.
Exercises 1. Third edition. a) Functional English Grammar 1. 1997. Oxford University Press.V. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. Thomson and A.Annexure . clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1. Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. Martinet.A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking.J. ISBN 0194313492 59 . Practical English Grammar by A.
2. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Third edition. Oxford Supplementary Skills. 1997. Upper Intermediate. Reading/Comprehension 1. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. and speed reading. Fourth Impression 1993.V. intensive and extensive. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 . Oxford Supplementary Skills. Martinet. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. Reading. Exercises 2. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. Thomson and A. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. minutes of meetings. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. Writing. Third Impression 1992. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. Oxford University Press. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis.J. b) Practical English Grammar by A.
Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. Writing. Writing. Fourth Impression 1992. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. clarity. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 . ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Advanced. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Third Impression 1992. Martinet. introduction to presentations. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. descriptive and argumentative writing). Oxford Supplementary Skills. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. Advanced by Ron White.J. b) Writing 1. Reading. 2. Writing. Third edition. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Fourth Impression 1993. language. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis.V. Thomson and A. content. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. Third Impression 1991. form. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Exercises 2.1. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. discursive. Practical English Grammar by A. 2. Reading 1. narrative. Oxford University Press 1986.
Mandell. Martin’s Press. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education.(particularly suitable for discursive. Kathleen Shine Cain. 2. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. A Custom Publication. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. 62 . Kirszner and Stephen R. descriptive. 2004. argumentative and report writing). Compiled by norther Illinois University. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. 3. College Writing Skills by John Langan. St. without taxing the taste of engineering students). (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature.
1988-99 f. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. Mehmood. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. 2. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. 1999 onward 3. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. 1993. Muslim advent iii. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki. 1994. S. 1971-77 d. Society and social structure c. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Ethnicity d. Course Outline 1. Zaidi. government. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. Economic institutions and issues b.M. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. Safdar. Lahore. Study the process of governance. 1947-58 b. b.Annexure . Shahid Javed. 1977-88 e. national development. 3. Historical Perspective a. 1958-71 c. People and Land i. Akbar. ideological background of Pakistan. 2000. . 63 Books Recommended 1. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. Location and geo-physical features. 2. Indus Civilization ii. politics. contemporary Pakistan. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. S. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Contemporary Pakistan a.B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. 4. State & Society in Pakistan.
1972. Muhammad Waseem. Political Parties in Pakistan. Washington: American Enterprise. 6.The Emergence of Banglades. Haq. Wayne. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. Party. 7. II & III. Ansar. Wilcox. 1998. Afzal. Tahir. Amin. 1980. 1980. The Political System of Pakistan. Khalid Bin. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. Club Road. Ethno .5. Vol. Aziz. 14. 11. Politics in Pakistan. Rafique. nd. Ziring. Islamabad. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia. Safdar. Karachi: Royal Book Company. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. 64 . 1976. 1987. Institute of Public Policy Research. 8. Pakistan Under Martial Law. K. History & Culture of Sindh.National Movement in Pakistan. Enigma of Political Development.K. Zahid. 13. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. 12. 9. 10. M. Mehmood. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 1967. I. Noor ul. Lawrence. Lahore: Vanguard. Sayeed. 1993..
A.6.A.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 .W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.57.A.Tadabar (Verse No1.Annexure .C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.19.A.20) Related to thinking.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.56.21. 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.40.58.
3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt. in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .
International Islamic University. “Emergence of Islam” .S.” Hussain Hamid Hassan. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. Pakistan. Bhatia. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. Ahmad Hasan. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq.3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Studies in Islamic Law. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. IRI. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. Islamabad (2001) 67 .
complex numbers. Sharron S. 1978. cube roots of unity. Wooton W. types of functions. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). system of linear equations.Annexure . Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. PWS-Kent Company. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. functions. geometric progression. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. Boston Swokowski EW. equations reducible to quadratic equations. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. 1987. set operations. not majoring in mathematics. determinants. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. types. College Algebra and Trigonometry. matrix inverse. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. Beckenback EF. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. harmonic progression. 1986. trigonometric identities. PWS-Kent Company. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. Houghton & Mifflin. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. Cramer’s rule. introduction to sets. Boston 68 .D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics.
parallel and perpendicular lines. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. change of variables in indefinite integrals. 1983. Davis S. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. Reading. derivatives. PWS-Kent Company. continuous functions. USA 3. various forms of equation of a line. Calculus (3rd edition). not majoring in mathematics. angle between two lines. inequalities. 2005. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. solution of equations involving absolute values. rational and transcendental functions. continuity. 69 . 2005. not majoring in mathematics. John Wiley. Addison-Wesley. distance between two points. left-hand and right-hand limits. Calculus (11th edition). Finney AR. integration by parts. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Bevens I. integration by substitution. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line.2. 1995. slope of a line. equation of a line. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Boston Thomas GB. Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. differentiation of polynomial. functions and their graphs. Recommended Books: Anton H. New York Stewart J. intersection of two lines. Ma. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. distance between a point and a line. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition).
: After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. 70 . Boston Swokowski EW. equations reducible to quadratic equations. PWS-Kent Company. nature of roots of quadratic equations. types of functions. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. intersection of lines and circles. functions. system of linear equations. 1987. • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. ellipse. Analytic Geometry. types of matrices. • Contents 1.Circle: Equation of a circle. set operations. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. Scott. locus of a point in various conditions. 1969 Kaufmann JE. circles determined by various conditions. Freshman and Company. hyperbola. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. inverse of matrices. PWS-Kent Company. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). College Algebra and Trigonometry. 1986. Conic Sections: Parabola. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. Boston 4. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Introduction to sets. determinants. Cramer’s rule. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains.
2. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. deciles and percentiles. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. R. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. Books Recommended: 1. 4. Boston. individual. moments. tally sheet method. W. Measures of dispersion: Range. ungrouped and grouped data. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’.. array.. circle and trigonometric functions. types of frequency series. E. frequency polygon. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics.geometric and harmonic progressions. bar frequency diagram histogram. 5. discrete and continuous series. Graphs: Graph of straight line. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. 3. R. Wilcox. R. Latest Edition. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. Swokowski. Kaufmann. Prentice Hall. variance.. Latest Edition. skewness and kurtosis. quartiles. relationship of statistics with social science. Latest Edition. J. E. PWS-Kent Company. characteristics of statistics. E. trigonometric identities. Walpole. 71 . cumulative frequency curve. standard deviation. 2. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution..
Inequalities. 3. Slope of a Line. Continuous Functions. 4. the chain rule. John H. Hughes-Hallett. special points of a function. integration by parts. logarithmic integration. Prentice-Hall. implicit differentiation. H. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. Addison Wesley publishing company. sinusoidal function. 8th edition. Calculus. Second Edition 1992. Mathews. applications of integration. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. Frank A. Schaum’s Outline Series. Calculus Single and Multivariable. 6. and Transcendental Functions. S. E. infinite and improper integrals. Inc. I. 11th Edition. substitution method. 4th edition. Anton.Jr. theorems of differentiation. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus. 1983. 6. Bevens. 2. et al. Integration by Parts. Equation of a Line. Contents 1. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. Calculus. logarithmic differentiation. Rational and Transcendental Functions. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . Least-Squares Line. 2005. Jhon Willey & Sons. 1999. Continuity. Extreme Values of Functions. Rational Functions. quotients. integral inequalities. Davis. Leibnitz’ theorem. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. 3rd Edition. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. Thomas. Elliott Mendelson. • Integration Integration from first principles. Trigonometric Functions. Swokowski. John Wiley & Sons. 2. 2002. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. Boston. the inverse of differentiation. McCallum.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. products. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. W. Calculus. Inc. integration by inspection. plane polar coordinates. 5. Recommended Books: 1. 2005. Gleason. integration using partial fractions. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. reduction formulae. Solution of equations involving absolute values.
series involving natural numbers. complex conjugate. geometric series. arithmetico-geometric series. identities of hyperbolic functions. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. multiplication. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 . alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. modulus and argument. finding the nth roots of unity. solving hyperbolic equations. the difference method. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence.Additions and subtraction. inverses of hyperbolic functions. approximation errors in Taylor series. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms.
line to line. orthogonal. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. Hermitian. unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. point to plane. line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7. Pappus’ theorems. 6. masses. the inner product. of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 . Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. vector product. moments of inertia. scalar triple product. centers of mass and centroids. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors.5. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. of a unitary matrix. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. symmetric and antisymmetric.
combinations of grad. divergence of a vector field. spherical polar coordinates 75 . Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products.8. div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates.
properties of Good Average. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Discrete and continuous variables. Unit 7. sampling with and without replacement. Exercises. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Coefficient of variation. Pie chart. sample design and sampling frame. Sources. Editing of Data. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Statistical problem.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Diagrams. Quantiles. Exercises Unit 6. Difference of means and proportions. Errors of measurement. Different types of Averages. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. Data. Absolute and relative measures. Observations. Unit 4. Constructing of a frequency distribution. The Variance and standard deviation. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Rounding of a Number. The Mode. Unit 3. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Historigram. sampling and non sampling errors. Exercises.Annexure . sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Collection of primary and secondary data. Poisson and Normal Distribution. The semi-Interquartile Range. Population. Range. Empirical Relation between Mean. probability and non-probability sampling. Exercises. Change of origin and scale. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Exercises. The Mean Deviation. Significant digits. Box and Whisker Plot. Moments and Moments ratios. Unit 5. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Histogram. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. Exercises. Bar charts. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Probability and Probability Distributions. Graphs and their Construction. level of significance. bias. Median and mode. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Type-I and Type-II errors. definition of outliers and their detection. Unit 2. Standardized variables. Presentation of Data Introduction. Test statistics. Types of frequency curves. 76 . Exercises. Ogive for Discrete Variable. Stem and Leaf Display. acceptance and rejection regions. null and alternative hypothesis.
1982. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. simple linear regression. Exercises Unit 10.. R. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole. “Introduction to Statistics”. Testing of Hypothesis.Single Population Introduction. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. Exercises. E. Unit 11. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. 3rd Ed. Correlation. its estimation and interpretation. r and R2.Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. 77 . Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. 2005. 2 Muhammad. F. Contingency Tables. Exercises Unit 9. examples. cause and effect relationships. Coefficient of linear correlation.Unit 8. Regression and Correlation Introduction. Macmillan Publishing Co. Kitab Markaz. New York. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. Inc.. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table.
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