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For BS MS
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………
6 12 14 50 51
ALTAF ALI G. and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses. D773/76-JEA (cur.).PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. the Federal Government vide notification No. imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. 63. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. universities and other institutions of higher education. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. dated December 4th 1976. It is. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976. It also aimed to give a basic. therefore. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards. and 36. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. 2009 at the HEC Regional Center. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 . the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. respective accreditation councils and stake holders. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. The world has turned into a global village. Lahore. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. DR. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees. degree awarding institutions. R&D organizations. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. PROF.
CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRI. R&D. COL. OF FINAL CURRI. OF NCRC. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I PREP. Abbreviations Used: NCRC. OF CURRI. REC. Preparation 5 . QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. LI R&D HEC Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. PREP. UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRI. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREP. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. OF DRAFT BY NCRC REVIEW IMPLE. IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI. EXP. UNI.
Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr. Member 3. Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. Dr. Member 5. Rawalpindi Dr.Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre. Dr. April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline. Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. Member 4. 7. Dr. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. Rawalpindi Dr. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head. Karachi from 28-30. Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2. Lahore Member 6. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall. Following attended the meeting:1. Member 6 .
Dr. Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. 13. Prof.8. Dr. Member 16. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. 7 . Dr. Member 10. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr. Dr. Dr. Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9. Dr. Karachi Member 12. Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore. Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr. Member 11. Member 15. Member 14. Prof.
Mr. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University. 1. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. Muhammad Rafiq Rai.17. Dr. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. Director of HEC Regional Center. Dr. the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. At first. Member 19. The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. 8 . Secretary Dr. Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. Islamabad coordinated the meeting. 2. Shafiq-ur-Rehman. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. Karachi. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. Faisalabad Member 18. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr. Chairman. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. Member 20. Mr. The meeting was opened by Mr. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement.
Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. 2. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment. Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 . Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. 3. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development. The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. 5. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development. The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. 4.3. 6. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. The committee thanked Mr. These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity. The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. In last few centuries. 1. Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities.
• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences. Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science. in its preliminary meeting. professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today. regional and global contexts. and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv. This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. This committee. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. 5. skills and behaviour patterns. ii. RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i. Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. Apply theoretical understanding. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 .
skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes. assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science. eight semesters in the semester system. Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment. The 11 . 3. 4. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science. The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. that: 1. Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature. pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme. 1. with consensus. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals. UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles. 5. A.e. The medium of instruction. Integrating natural sciences. 2. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3.. DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F. Sc. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. 6. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration.
English-III 18. Psychology* . Environmental Pollution 22. Fundamentals of Ecology 20. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. Biology –II* 9. The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order. Climatology* 23. Biology –I* 3. Introduction to Environmental Science 2. Environmental Microbiology 21. English-II 12. Basic Chemistry* 4. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5. Environmental Chemistry 15. Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19. SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1. Sociology/Anthropology* 11. Introduction to Earth Science 8. Introduction to Computer 14. Environmental Physics 16.proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13. Introductory Economics* 17. English-I 6.
Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours . ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37. Environmental Biotechnology 32. Environmental toxicology 27. Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25. Natural Resource Management 40.24. 45. 44. Environmental Impact Assessment 39. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31. English-IV/ Univ. Climate Change 38. Applied Ecology 26. Environmental Monitoring 36. ELECTIVE-III 42. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28. Opt. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30. 46. Environmental Economics 29. Biodiversity & Conservation 35. ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. Environmental Management Systems 34. Research Methods in Environmental Science 41.
• Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical.
environmental pollution. R. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. Major components of environment: physico-chemical. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society. development in industry and agriculture. Thomson Learning. John Wiley & Sons. R. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates. 2002. socio-economic. urbanization. D. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts. The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms. Miller. 4. its importance in human life. & Nebel. 6th Ed. proteins and nucleic acids. regional.T. G.M. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth. Schoch. 2007. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment. M. biological and social.DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline. Pearson Educational.B & Keller.J. ecological. 4th Ed. 2007 3. history.I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life. ethical. Recommended Books: 1. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future.L. 15 . national. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY .. Different aspects of environment: physical. philosophical. current global. & Yonavjak. McKinney.A. B. 10th Ed. L. poverty and resource depletion. and their relationships with various environmental factors. Environmental Science: systems and solutions. E.. Wright. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Botkin. lipids. Human environment and its problems: global. Environmental Science: working with the Earth. 2. 2007.
5th Edetion. lipids. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. Ltd. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. Biology: a Human Emphasis. Molecular Biology through Questions. Lewis. chemical basis of life. L. coordinate covalent bond. 2007. Nucleic acids. V. origin of metabolism. C. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. and Whitelaw.. Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell. 1996. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus. Crossley. Bulter. phospholipids in membrane systems. A. 5.Hill International Edition. USA. Wadsworth Group. R. Canada. Study of mitosis in onion root tip. 2003. The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions. protobionts. Starr. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding. the molecule of genetic information and replication. Cells. The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. 2008. 16 . 2007. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations. 2. Australia . D. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning. and Lewis. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. Shier. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. Cassimeris. USA. chemical diversity. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa... carbonyls.. G. E. esters. covalent. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin. Origin of life: chemical evolution. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals. New York. USA. McGraw. amines). Lingappa. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. 3. carbohydrates.Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life. 8th Ed. Introduction to cell biology.. R. carboxylic acids. B. Self Assessment and Revie. 1. Aromatic compounds. J. lipids. M. proteins. N. Ionic. Cell division. Structure and the basis of function. Plopper. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. polypeptides in protein diversity. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. 4.
2. B. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional). Column chromatography. 2003. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. and Holler.Special Products (Binomial Expression). determinants. COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences. concepts of six basic trigonometric functions. Surface chemistry. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula. Matrices and Determinants: Matrix. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. 1st Ed. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations). Jickells. Andrews. series and means. Measurement of pH. simultaneous equations and their solutions. minor and cofactor of a matrix. Colloids chemistry. Principles of Environmental Chemistry.. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. Girard. F.H. EC and TDS in waste water. Harris. angle-sum formula. Photochemical reactions. Thomson and Brooks. J. Brimblecombe.. 2nd Edition.E. equations of lines (linear equations). They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. USA. Blackwell Science.S.K. 8th Edition. W. Use of spectrophotometric techniques. 2nd Edition. 2004. 2004. double angle formulas. geometric and harmonic sequence. D. 6th Edition.M. West. and Reid. USA.. Hill. Canada. J. real line. UK.. normal solutions/buffers. 4. D. values of trigonometric functions.. Recommended Books: 1. Sequence and series: Arithmetic. D. straight line and related concepts. Cambridge University Press. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles.. Understanding Environmental Pollution. graphs. Osmosis and Dialysis. Thin layer chromatography..D. radicals. Solution chemistry. 3.E. Liss.J. Algebra of matrices.ions. expansion of determinants.A. P. P.. Binomial theorem (Simple applications). coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane. Lab Work Preparation of molar. Freeman and Company. 2005. molal. 17 .C. M. 2004. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Jones and Barlett.. UK. Skoog. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. 5. T. law of Cosines. Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers.J. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane.
Thomas. Introduction to folds. 2. age. D. Fossils and their significance. joints. by parts integration (simple applications). Introduction to sedimentary. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors. Chatterjee. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions.. Analytical Geometry. Smith. earthquakes. erosion and related landforms. G. 3. J. Narosa Publishing House. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation. Jr. K. its origin. 4. This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals.Cramer’s Rule. L. New Delhi. igneous and metamorphic rocks. California.B. 18 . Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension. 4th Ed. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. foliation. cleavages. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. Integration: Formulas of integration. 1999. Pacific Grove. Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography. faults. different earth processes like mountain buildings. theorem of integration. irreducible quadratic factors. the processes of their formation. R. nonrepeated linear factors. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. theorems on differentiation (sum.. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. S. Recommended Books: 1.Wesley. plate tectonics. product and quotient rules without derivations). Trignometry for College students. earthquakes and volcanoes. Chain rule. COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure . Scott Foresman and Company. Abraham. Earth as a member of solar system. Addission. Weathering. mountain building. 10th Ed.B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. and Finney. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. Introduction to rocks and minerals.A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure . lineation and unconformities. weathering and erosion. difference. composition and its internal structure.
D. R.. K. multicellularity. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories. Biodiversity of hilly areas. and Tasa. 2007 3. 11th Edition. causes of extinction. and Pun. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms.. Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology. 2004. 5. Physical Geology and Process of Science.. A. Life in sea. examples of adjustments in varied environment. J. animals). Use of brunton compass and GPS. Biodiversity of canal. 3rd Edition. molecular basis of biodiversity. and Monroe. D. J. Routledge. and Tasa. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water. F.. modern concepts. G. Brooks/Cole.. K. Field Study tour. E. different classification systems. 9th Edition. E. Geographical aspects of biodiversity. Tarbuck. population loss and decline. Wicander. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. Geological time chart with biodiversity. 2007 2. crucial for organisms’ sustainability. biodiversity crises. Park. Recommended Books: 1.II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution. interactions among diversified life. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity. 2005. Smith. Lamarckism. Darwinism. invasion of life on land. F. COURSE 8 BIOLOGY . 4. Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. Earth Science. Lutgens.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps. protocell formation.Identification of rocks and minerals. Foundations of Structural Biology. J. G. Biodiversity of deserts. unicellularity. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation. Tarbuck. Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life.. Prentice Hall.. 5th Edition. Prentice Hall. 19 . measuring biodiversity. Prentice Hall: 2006.. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis. R. consequences of losing biodiversity. How Does Earth Work. Lutgens. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification..
20 . Townsend. Inc. K. Hannen. Blackwell Science Ltd. Tripartite nature of environment. P. I. J. New York: New York University Press. Biology. Perspective of human-environment evolution. 3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment. Recommended Books: 1. 2nd Edition. Consumption. 3. a Human Emphasis. Wadsworth Group. 2005. R. and Sustainable Living. I. 2000. USA. Prospect Heights. culture and society. The Biosphere. Culture. Contemporary environmental status. Scope and application. 2. and Spicer. Gaston. J. 2. Adam. Conceptualizing environment. Walnut Creek. Biodiversity (An Introduction). Understanding the environment-human relationship. IL:WavelandPress. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology. Chronological. COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure . 2006. 2009.E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems. power & hegemony. Contemporary environment issues and debate. globalization and environmental issues. New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. Goals and expectations. C. Use of environment for vested interest. Crumley. CA: AltaMira Press. (editor). Allan & Carter. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. and concerns. 2001. 3. UK.. C. (editors). John Wiley and Sons.. 4.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions. 2003. K. UK. Nora and Wilk. Bradbury. Routledge. UK. Environmental Risks and the Media. 5th Edition. 2009.K. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. Inc. The Ecology of global consumer culture. Starr. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. L.
2003. Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures. 21 . Fundamentals of computer. Ms-Power Point. Introduction to MS-Word. software packages. 6. 2. Ms-Access. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere. Ms-Excel.London 1996. Configurations. Courter. Local Area Network. Rutledge. COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure . Course Outlines Definition. G. system software. Operating system (Windows).C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components. Ed. Marquis A. Recommended Books: 1. computer programs and basic applications. Types and classification of computers. Hardware: Input Hardware. After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry. Long l. Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered. Long N. output hardware. internet.6th Ed. processing hardware. e-mail.BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment.1999... Selin.H.5. K. Kluwer Academic Publishers. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion. Storage hardware.Microsoft office 2000.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure . Milton. Software: Application software. as are their effects on the biosphere. physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry.
M. Jickells. Energy. Global climate and climatic change. trophic level. Environmental Chemistry. Gaussian plumes in the air. Recommended Books: 1. Environmental Chemistry. Diffusion. Blackwell Science.. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems. A. Andrews. Solar spectrum. J. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. 2005. Hernandez-Esparza. their sources and toxic actions. 2nd Edition. 2. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light. C. Miller. Particle physics. Liquids and Gasses. Ozone and UV light. USA. photosynthesis. Turbulence. 4. Canada. Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. and Singh. P. Germany.. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer. Ozone chemistry.. Isotopes and radioactive decay. Entropy. Active control of sound. P.. Solids. interaction of light with matter. T. Turbulent jets and plumes. J. Fundamentals of aquatic. 1999. Ibanez. 1st Edition. Conversion of mass. Equations of fluid dynamics. Fate of pollutants in environment. DoriaSerrano. its causes and adverse effects on environment. Human perceptions and noise criteria. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light. Liss. COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter.. India. Sound and Noise.D.Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants. K. G. Samir. Chemical reactions. Environmental impact of various industries. Fregoso-Infante.. 2004.. 3. Basic acoustics. Jones and Barlett..S. Electromagnetic radiation.J. Girard. Brimblecombe. M. Energy conversion. Radioactivity and nuclear physics.G. Measurement and comparison of the 22 .T. Thomson-Brooks. atmospheric and soil chemistry. Turbulent diffusion.. Environmental Science. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts.E.E. and Reid. Banerji Prentice Hall of India. 2008. 2004.. 5. Heat radiation and heat transfer. UK. Springer. J. M. Transport of pollutants. Nuclear energy. B. Reducing the transmission of sound..
USA. Boeker. Impact of economic activity on environment. Economic Development.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. S. 2. 2001. 2008. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Smith. UK. Man environmental relationship. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. Economic management and environmental quality. Growth and Environment.. H. S. economic growth. Wesely Publishers. Yusuf. Kentucky USA. P. concepts and measurement. USA. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. Physics of the Environment and Climate. Environmental Physics. E. interaction between ecology and economic management. producer and community point of view. economic progress. COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. economic growth and its measurement.1998. C. population and environmental quality. 4. R. Seinfeld. Introductory Environmental Physics. poverty. World Bank Publications. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. Todaro. Environmental economics. and Resource allocation. Producer behavior. M. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter. economic welfare and difference among all. Measures for sustainable development. Economic functions of environment. Praxis publishing. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. Natural resources and the economy. Guyot. USA. Field visit. 2. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development. and Pandis. 23 . John Wiley and Sons Inc. 2006. Sustainable development. New York. 2008. Course Outlines Introduction to economics. G. N. Pakistan economic context: National income. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. Recommended Books: 1. 3. and Van Grondelle. J. 2001. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. 7th Ed. Routledge. Recommended Books: 1. Growth and development. USA.Economic development.
24 . Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. England. Environmental philosophy and ethics. and White. N. R. DeVeer. Environmental Critics of agriculture. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale. WCIV7AA. B. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy. Kessinger Publishing. Recommended Books: 1. its fundamental concepts. Swift. Shogren. concepts and approaches..A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems. Ecology. Portland 1967. 2008. Farmington Hills. levels of ecological organization. M. 2.A. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. Frodeman. Introduction to ethical theory. 3. World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography.V. Callicott. Course Outlines Introduction. population.3. branches of ecology. community and ecosystem. role of light. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy. Natural philosophy. World Bank Publications. & Pierce. Palgrave Macmillan. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. biogeography. 2008. description of population. USA.. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. London. soil. 2007. B. Hanley. D. J. USA. 4. and systems ecology.. 2009. LLC.. the ethics of soil. 2002. Touchstone Books. water. A History of Western Philosophy. species. ethics and ecology. COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure . International Thomson Publishing. Economics. C. community. B. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy. Ecosystem and its types. Russell. SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology. J. 4. temperature.
various concepts of community. plant geography and animal distribution. and Barett. landscape changes and their importance. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. Ecology (principles and applications). King’s College London. UK. 2001 5. agricultural and industrial ecosystems. M C J 1st ed. and More. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. aero-microbiology and food microbiology. J. C. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. 1999 4. Microbiology of terrestrial environments. Populations. M. C. aquatic microbiology. Ecology (concepts and applications. 2. Fundamentals of Ecology.L and Reiss. distribution limits. Chapman. 2000. 1st Ed. bacteria and eukarya.topography and air as ecological factors. role and application of microorganisms in the environment. UK. New York. with special emphasis on their environmental impact. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). landscape ecology. Ecosystem: structure and function. 3. 5th Ed.Cox. M J. B. Systems ecology. J. population dynamics. biotic factors. 1992.W. Tata McGraw-Hill. Odum. WCB/McGraw-Hill. Biogeochemical cycles of C. Dash. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems. Biomes of the world. Recommended Books 1. Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. 2004. After completion of this course. N. E P. habitat and niche. Cambridge University Press. productivity of different ecosystems. Thomson Brooks/Cole. P. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. Population distribution and abundance. ecological modeling. community dynamics. Fundamentals of Ecology. Microbial metabolism. 6th Ed. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea. Lab Work 25 . students will be able to understand the significance. COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment. Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. G. Concepts of Limiting factors.) Moles. characteristics of urban. and S. New Delhi.
D. Harley. Mean plate count. C. USA. Environmental Microbiology.D. USA.M. and Zuberer.. USA. 2. Manual of Environmental Microbiology. J. Hurrst. L. Academic Press. Sylvia. Human & other living organisms. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally. D. Marine & Industrial pollution. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution. P. Butterworth-Heinemann. transportation & treatments. Recommended Books: 1.M.F.and Brendecke. 3.. Peiece. American Society for Microbiology. J. J.. Collection. 4th Edition.R..P. 2 Edition. P.L. C. R. 2005. 26 . G.J. isolation. W. purification and preservation.I. Academic Press..L. D. 3.. 2005.1998. Types of Environmental pollution: Air. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic.A.J.C. Recommended Books 1. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual. (Elsevier) USA. Case Studies. Understanding Environmental Pollution. Crawford. 2002. M. peppor.and Vesilaind. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution...M. R. Soil. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology. Effects of Pollutants. London. 4. UK.P.B.K.P. 2. 2005.J. USA. Prentice Hall.A. Environmental Pollution and Control. F. Maier.V. M.G.J. USA. 2007. 5. Hartel. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water.W. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal. Cambridge UK.. Cambridge University Press. A. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution. Fate of Environmental Pollutants. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines.Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection. Academic Press..Gerba. Prescott. Weiner. L. Solid Waste generation. 1995. and Gerba. Noise... 2nd Edition. its sources and their effects. Hill. Knudsen. Pepper.. Water. Pollution Control Strategies. Fuhrmann. Microbiology. Dilution plate technique. nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution. I.L. Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents.A. McInernery. and Jeffery. 2009. New Jersey. and Klein.J. International Protocols (BASAL Convention). and Stetzenbach. McGraw Hill Inc. Washington DC.
From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. Lawrance K. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere. John H. concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. The Physics of Atmospheres. 2006 5. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology.K.. Radiation and climate.. Environmental psychology. COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems. Houghton J. Spyros. Shamshad. The Atmosphere. N. Surface winds. A. The climate of Pakistan. condensation and cloud Formation.J.4. Solar radiations. global circulation. 1992. Heat and the Earth's atmosphere. 2002. Tarbuck. COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences. Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). 2. air pressure. American Public Health Association (APHA). Karachi. John Wiley and Sons. Sadder. Austin Miller. Recommended Books: 1. Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided.. Four Spheres of the Earth. 6th Edition.2nd Editions.M. Cambridge University Press. Methods of psychology.F. 1988. Climatology.W. Factors affecting air Pressure. climatic zones of Pakistan. Royal book company. The Hydrologic cycle. A brief historical background and schools of psychology. 27 . K. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere. 5. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater.E. 2003. Pandis. The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan. Mechanism of heat transfer. Cloud Classification. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications. 4. Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History. Lutgens. . Weather and Climate. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment. processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. 3. local winds. Marcel Dekkar..
2001. Course Outline Introduction. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. concepts.C. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. species response to pollutants. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species. techniques and methods of restoration. 1992. Environmental Psychology. Eysenck. 5th Edition. Pollution control through Ecology. limitation of irrigated agriculture. soil salinity and water logging. CRC Press. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change.. Bell. Routledge. energy and carbon balance. Ecological restoration. sustainable agriculture. Environmental perception and cognition. Restoration of derelict lands. P. London. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. carbon dioxide and global climate change. soil resources of Pakistan.characteristics and research methods. 28 .W. London. Recommended Books: 1. Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. T. Fundamental of Psychology. solar radiation and primary production. threats and mitigation. and Baum A.A. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. Soil as a natural resource. Routledge. Fisher J. High population density and psychological impacts. Sustainable livestock management practices. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. M. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture. Water as an ecological resource. soil erosion and conservation.. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine. rivers. Ecology of food production. their management and ecological restoration. Water and distribution of species. CRC Press. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives. Background and scope. 2. Greene. COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. Sustainable agricultural practices.D. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Future water scenario of Pakistan.
Peshawar. in vivo & in vitro assays. 2nd ed. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures. 5. P. 29 . Studies in Pakistan Geography. toxicology of chemicals. B. water and soil. Israr-ud-Din.S. and Hobbs. Falk. Shirkat Gah. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. Margaret A. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. Newman. Toxicity: Types and its measurement. University of Peshawar. Determination of Interaction of chemicals. 2000 2. K and Habib. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications. Thomson Brooks/Cole. Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals. Organs. USA. Fundamentals of Ecology. toxins & toxicants. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water. Soil Science. soil and air samples. Island Press. R. G.National Book Foundation. E. COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals. on human and other living organisms. 2004. terminologies: Poisons. J. Lahore. 4. biological effects. Pakistan’s Environment. K. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents.. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management.W. A. from natural and anthropogenic sources. Determination of chemicals in biological samples. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. Foundations of Restoration Ecology.I. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. dose response relationship in living organisms. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system. Oxford. 2006. D. 1996. Islamabad. Chemical interactions and their types.. Mumtaz.A.. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms. and Memon.. J. 3. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. Synergism.P. Rashid. and Barett. Blackwell Scientific Publications. 1989. Potentiation and Addition. Odum E. Immunological considerations in toxicology. A.Recommended Books: 1. toxicity screening using microbial systems. 5th Edition. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. their containment and control strategies. toxins vs toxicants.1998. Zedler.
measuring environmental benefits. economic development and the environment. 1st Edition. Ballantyne. education. Course Outlines Introduction to history. USA. people. Economic: agriculture. 5th Edition. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis. Ecological: ecological zones.). Recommended Books 1. geography. W. industry. 3. 1st Edition. Macmillan Press Ltd. 1996. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann. McGrawhill. the economy and the environment. T and Turner.D. COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development. CRC Press Llc. Course Outlines Introduction. 2005 2. Recommended Books: 30 . General and Applied Toxicology. major ecosystems. water resources. W.. international trade and the environment. Government of Pakistan. health.Recommended Books 1. 1992. M. culture. 1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development. land. State of the Environment-Pakistan . the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements. Hughes. Vol. Klassen. (ed. Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York. B. USA.1 & 2. First and Second law of Thermodynamics. 1993. clean development mechanism.M. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology. Environmental Profile of Pakistan.2005 2. urbanization and pollution. economic aspects of different environmental problems.Science of Poisons . Williams. topographic zones. P. pollution control-a general model. USA. the economic benefits of different environmental resources. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement.
Analytical techniques for soil. D. A. soil (NPK and organic matter contents. Use of Potentiometery. C.1.I. 2..UK. CSIRO Publ. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. Johns Hopkins University Press. K.2004. Gravimetery. Holler. Pearce. West.L. COD. 1999.J. COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. C. Environmental Economics: An Introduction. Spectroscopy and Chromatography. Data interpretation for quality control. Lab Work S.C. 2003. Reuter. BOD.D. All Solids. Oxford University Press.and Field. 3. preparation and storage. and derived S. Turner. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin. handling. Conductivitymetry. J.2002. Titrimetery. Standard solutions and standard curves. Gravimetery. L. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery. 6th Edition. New York. 8th Edition. 2000. units. Oxford. Field. B. Biomarkers in environmental assessment. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve.K. 1993.I. 4. precision and accuracy.A. Harris. D.W. Freeman & Co. D. Peverill. Sample collection. Australia. USA. 2005.K. NO3–N & NH4-N).. Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory. Sparrow and D. Skoog. and Batemen. Recommended Books: 1. I.R. Kolstad. Conductivitymetry. Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH. Titrimetery. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Thomson and Brooks.. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive. and F. Collingwood. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples. Sample preservation methods... 2. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual. M.. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction. 3. Environmental Economics. 31 . M. water and plant analysis. Fluoride. D. salinity & sodicity). Purposes and designs of environmental sampling.
J. and Josef. students will be able to understand the significance. 2005. Introduction to microbial kinetics.COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments. Biosensor. Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants.living organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution. 5th Ed. Sambrook. Hans- Joachim. USA.W.E. Government of Pakistan. (ed. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques. 2001. Germany. Wiley-VCH Verlag. Biomarkers.. 2005. Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems.). J. Bioreactors. 2. Tools in environmental biotechnology. USA. Derbre. J. and Russel. Recommended Books 1. 2007. New York. 2009. A. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns. Cambridge University Press. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms. Environmental Biotechnology. Chichoster. England. Isolation. and application of biotechnology in the environment.P. Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques. After completion of this course. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment. USA. PCR. W. D. 4.D. Scragg. Recombinant DNA technology. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. Course Outlines Introduction. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. purification and preservation of DNA. COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 . Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd. New York. Biotechnology.1999. Oxford University Press. Smith. 3. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.. National Biotechnology Commission. 2nd Ed. National Biosafety Guidelines.
Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. Image Processing. Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. R. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. John Wiley and Sons. History and data collection. 2000. 2000. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1. Jensen. integration of information from many sources. Forestry. Guilfoud press New York. Aerial photography.Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. Preparation of thematic maps. 5. Inc. Data acquisition. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. Pearsons Education. Rancez. Z. Introduction to Photogrammetry. 2008. Data entry and output. COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. Introduction to GIS. Cartography. Energy Sources. map projection and coordinate systems. Dessinov. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission. Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. Types of data used in GIS. Inc. Fishery and wildlife. 2. eradication of the duplicated data. analysis and output. advantages and limitations of process. 1999. Agriculture. John Wiley and Sons. 2009. Satellite Imageries. 4. Active and Passive remote sensing. Mc Graw Hill Education. A. Interpretation. Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. Harvey. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. 3. F. K and L. Using and reading GPS in field. V. Campbell. Inc. Lulla. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). Different types of maps. history and platforms.
B. Methods of environmental protection. Environmental aspects and impacts. 2. A. Environmental Management tools. 4.3rd Edition .. Sheldon. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). alpha and beta diversity. Environmental Management Systems Principles. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. M. hot spots of biodiversity. ecological. Related Environmental legislation. and Yoxon. American Society for Quality. cleaner technologies. types of biodiversity. philosophical. Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1.C. Systems and Support Techniques. Environmental Economy. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS). American Society for Quality. 3. Khan. economic. Certification of EMS. Michigan. 2001. social and ethical values of biodiversity. Course Outlines Introduction. standards and guidelines. Environment and sustainable development.. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production. etc. 1998. principles of Cleaner production. Conservation of biodiversity. animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management. International Organization for Standardization. and Qasim. M. need and approach. Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor. threats to biodiversity. 2005.. plant. 34 . Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. eco-design. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. 2006.2nd Ed.This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits.). COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles. threats to biodiversity and its conservation. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. F. WWF Pakistan.
Sinauer.. 2. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan. their categories. Associates Inc. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment. conservation strategies. Z.R. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques. NOC for plant operation. Preservation methods including pH control. 3. P. Cox. soil and living organisms. role of traditional knowledge in conservation. protected areas. 2000. plants. P. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan. role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora. Recommended Books: 1. field custody. water. air. Kings College. 2000. laboratory custody. EIA requirement. A Primer for Conservation Biology.conservation at species.. Legal protection of species. Saad Printers. Mirza. quality control sampling. sampling and design purposes.B. Conservation of wildlife. population. Publ. London. cities. ecotourism. management. Biogeography.B. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. 2ndEd. Considerations. croplands.D. 1998. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme. 35 . community and ecosystem level. Lab Work Sampling techniques (air. Rawalpindi. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring. Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan. refrigeration and freezing methods. Quality assurance and quality control. design and types of samples. C. and Morre. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes. Lahore).B. national and international laws and regulations. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring. quality assessment. Sunderland.e. conservation and livelihood. in-situ and ex-situ conservation. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. conservation in man-made ecosystems. presampling requirements/information. international agreements. chemical addition.. habitats. forests. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing. Course Outlines Introduction.
Remote Sensing Note. (eds. 1992. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course. E. 8. USA. chemical. Ozone depletion. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. Chuviero. New York. Forstner U. N. 7. D. Moisture in the Atmosphere. Keith. Murai. and Guethner. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. (ed) Springer. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. 5. Patterns in Winds and Pressure. . 2008. Energy and Temperature. 2008. 2000. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. Precipitation. 3.1996. S. E.. Korte.USA. I. H. Recent Climate Change Indicators. Chapman and Hall. agriculture. regional. extinctions. Human responses to potential climate change.1999. 6.Recommended Books: 1. Japan Association on Remote Sensing. COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change. Lewis Publisher London. UK. altered community structure. D. USA. 2002.. Earth Observation of Global Change. Manahan. L. Regional droughts and 36 . and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change. biological. R. Tokyo. and social factors contributing to climate and global change.) McGraw-Hill. Physical. F. phenological changes. 2002. Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate. 2. 2nd Edition. its causes and effects. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide. Peakall. McKlivie. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. S. Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. USA. human health. Burden. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention. Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change. Air Pollution and Acid Rain. The Measurement of Climate Change. Environmental Chemistry. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts.
law. COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project. T. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice. John Wiley & Sons.(ed). Cost and benefits of EIA. 2004. J. Recommended Books: 1. and Chadwick. overview.Causes. 1999. J. R. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment. Therivel. Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems.). 2005. Climate Change . Islamabad. 2005. Climate Change . EIA project management. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. Keith. J. 4. public involvement. Hardy. Global Change and the earth system. and Solutions. scoping. 1994. reporting. A..T. Effects. Oxford. Glasson. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. Main stages in EIA process. Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2). Types & Resources to produce Energy. Ministry of Housing and Works. liquid. and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction.. 2. screening. decision-making to implement the project.Causes. Petts.. Sringer.. Earthscan Publication Ltd. J. solids. National Book Foundation. principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society. 4. and noise.O. (ed. 3. Houghton.. and Solutions. A. 1986. D. 37 . Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. 5. Routledge. Hardy. Global Warming and Climate Change. Recommended Books: 1. 1st Edition. impact analysis. review of EIA quality. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan. 2000. role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis.cataclysmic climate change. EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan.. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts. 2. 2003. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems. 3. Blackwell. John Wiley & Sons. London. Harrop. J. Effects. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels. Islamabad. project implementation and follow up. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized.A.. 6. mitigation and impact management. 2005. 2003. & Nixon. London. social impact assessment (SIA).
review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. threats. & McCabe.. problem in agriculture. Carpenter. 1993. existing management approaches. and Tu. J. their pros and cons. threat and its causes.B and Warren.. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies. Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. wind power and nuclear power. process and contents of the management plan. USA. R. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. agriculture products and their share in GDP. Conservation in Progress. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. 2002. occurrence and distribution of natural resources.). Goldsmith. M. Watershed management: Importance basic principles. forest types and its existing management. Rangeland Management: existing status. 38 . Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level. (ed. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan. Ludwig... F. 6.5.. solar power. Sadler. requirement. B. wildlife census. New York. A. importance. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia. agriculture chemicals. 1997. H. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources. EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual. effective management. Lohani. methodologies. national agriculture policy. Evans. Asian Development Bank. best available option for future. limitation in the future. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level. national and provincial legislation. United Nations Environment Programme. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources. causes and methods for its improvement. Development of Management Plan: needs. management options. S. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. their current status and threats. Recommended Books: 1. R. Everitt. B. John Willey & Sons. 2nd Edition. national example. management options. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area. COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification.. Types.. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy.
. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. types of sampling design/. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1. R.2. Islamabad. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods. Dasmann. GOP and IUCN. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically. Bibliography. Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison). Sage CA. Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf. 1990. Search Engines. Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. Hansen. Research Design & Research Methods.L. Scientific Research: Science. Experimental Research. 2007. How to put things together? Introduction.E. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. S. concepts and terminologies. 1984. Environmental Conservation. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design. Case Studies. to introduce students to research design. Inference based on findings. Creswell. 1992.E. Research Proposal: its importance . population and sampling frames. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. V. Questionnaire.Amsterdam. Material Methods. New York. 4. Surveys. Thousand Oaks. Sampling: the logic of sampling. 39 . and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research. and Jorqensen. 5. Elsevier. London. P.A pre-requisite for Research. Methodology. & Plano Clark.1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice. Review of Literature. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data. W. Interviews. Review of Literature. research methods.F. Literature Search: Database. J. 3. Selecting the Research Method. USA. Objectives. Scientific Methods. John Wiley & Sons.
Case Study Research: Design and Methods. Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan. 2nd Edition. Writing Science Through Critical Thinking.h. Diamon. 2. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 . Booth. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development.Harrad. Qadar. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan. 4. E. 3. USA. 3rd Edition. USA. 2000. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act.. 6. National Environmental Policy 4..S. Law Books House. England. The Craft of Research by Wayne C. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules. 2001 and the rules of business made there under. Government of Pakistan 3.Batty. Students project in Environmental Science. of Chicago Press. 2001. Babbie. 2003. Univ.2. S. and Arhonditsis.USA. regulations made there under. Recommended Books: 1. 1997. 5. Moriarty. National Conservation Strategy 5. Belmont California. G. 2008. M. 1989. Marilyn F. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers. SNBP Local Government Ordinance. 2003. Survey Research Methods. John and sons Ltd. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans.. Chichester. R. Sage Publishers. Wadsworth Publishing Company.. 1997. Robert Yin.
This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45
POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46
RESEARCH PROJECT/ INTERNSHIP
E-I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY
To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,
5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.
Oxford University Press New Delhi. flood and droughts. improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency. Mirajuddin Publication . I. wetlands resources management. (eds. Revised & enlarged edition. virtual water. The Politics of Managing Water. Indus Water Accord 1991. and Qamar. O. water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan. 2006. and Tortajada. and Malik.K. 3. Biswas. with drinking water facilities like springs. Course Outlines Water resource and its management. K. 4. Oxford University Press Karachi. Briscoe. Cheema. integrated water resources management (IWRM). water supply and demand management measures. R. U.. fisheries management. Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant. Khan. tubewells. A.. C.Varis. 1993. P. Lahore. precipitation distribution in Pakistan.1993.. Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment.E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan. Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia. watershed/catchment. Ahmed. R. groundwater exploitation. Pakistan . Bengali. Ahmed. Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT). Groundwater Resources of Pakistan. A. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan.. 2003. Mirajuddin Publication . Islamabad. N. SDPI Oxford University Press. 2. hydrological cycle. (ed. Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization. pollution aspects.). 6. Islamabad.. recycling and re-use of wastewater. 44 . 5. N.. water quality and quantity aspects. J.Lahore. 2005. it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects.). flood and drought management.. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry. Asia Printer. A. like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. climate change and its impacts on our future water resources. Recommended Books: 1. Pakistan. 2006.
Upper Saddle River. 2008. Physical and chemical properties of soil. humans as components of urban ecosystems. Course Outlines Introduction. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. transport. hydrological processes. 2007. future of urban centers. USA. and Weil. 2007.R. R. urban settlements. PrenticeHall. soils. urban political ecology. Soil forming minerals. Urban ecosystem. Course Outlines Introduction. 1. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. urban patterns and ecosystem functions. Definition... 45 . urbanization in Pakistan. NJ.E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. D. management and green productivity. Academic Press. Urbanization. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. Forms of urbanization. NJ. Process and outcome. Factors and processes of soil formation. D.C. Pakistan. R. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization. Bashir. E. Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils. Soil buffering capacity and its importance. 11th Edition. USA. Soil Science. the salient features of urban environments. Miller. Brady. Prentice Hall. Soils in Our Environment. N. After completion of this course. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. Cation and anion exchange. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. Upper Saddle River.W. San Diego. urban flora and fauna.T. Causes of urbanization. Gardiner. 1996. Soil degradation. and Bantel. CA. residential mobility and the neighborhood change. USA. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations. National Book Foundation. Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. Hillel. urban landscapes characteristics. Types and properties of parent materials. Islamabad. R.
Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city. Elements of urban planning.. Springer. 2009. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems. Levels of planning. Recommended Books: 1. S. nature and purpose of urban planning. Scope. 4. Planning and its relationship with other professions.. USA. Alberti. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area. V. Gilbert. 1. M. Penguin Group. J. Chapman and Hall. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. H. UK. 46 . Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments. I. The Ecology of Urban Habitats. City Design for Sustainable Development. Hague. 2004. Land use planning theories. New trends in planning and city management. Aims and Objectives of planning. Hough. 2004.. M. Justification for planning for city management. 3. 1989. New York.L. Types of Urban Plans. Kate. E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. 2000. SAGE Publications Ltd. Ward. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability. nd 2 Edition. The Works: Anatomy of a City. O. UK. London. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. UK. Sukopp.S.Recommended Books: Urban Ecology..and Kowaril. Routledge. CRC Press LLC. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. Planning theories and concepts. Principles of planning.1990. USA. D. SBS academic publishing. Routledge.and Maser. Hejny. 5. 2. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. A. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans. 2007. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level. London. Smith. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation. 2006.. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. UR. 2. C. S. Planning and Urban Change. Silberstein. The planning process.
It discusses a wide range of aspects. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum.e. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N. Cultural factors. Clara. Islamabad.F. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development. The Environment as Hazard Burton I. Landslide. Political factors. Prediction. 2nd Edition. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures. 1991. 1993. 47 . Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research. Earthquake Management. H. and White G. and Woodrow. Socio-economic factors. E&UA Div. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches. Westview Press. R.B. 4. UK.. Disaster Management Trainings and Policies.. 3.. ADB. 1993.UNESCO.. Chapman & Hall. 2. Longman Group. Role of Media in Disaster Management. Disaster as an opportunity for development. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms. G.. Physical factors. Government of Pakistan. Techniques and methods to assess hazard. i. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. Boulder . D. International phenomenon. P. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors. Flooding. Earthquake.W. Flood Management: Organizational Role.J. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters. 1986.3. The Guilford Press. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). Natural cycles and their role. Ministry of Housing and Works. 1993. M. New York. 1989. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization. Different approaches and Indicators. 4. Kates. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies... New York.. Hazards. Natural Disasters Alexander. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made. Manila. It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies. Introducing Town Planning. Recommended Books: 1. Disaster Management: Components of management.W. Paris. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies.
regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. John Wiley and Sons. and Mushkatel. Consumer and producer relationship. Westport. L.B and Keller. and Yonavjak. Biotic structure. 1983. 4th Edition. Ecological concept in crop and food production. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation. uses. primary producers. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem. environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources.. merits and demerits of wind. solar. energy resources of Pakistan. Sustainable livestock management. 2. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. Schoch.C. 2007. M. 1. 3. 2007. decomposers. E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment. Course Outlines Energy-development and environment. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources. biomass resources.. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources. Paris. Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem. 1984. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life. New York.H. alternate energy resources. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals. Farming practices for pests and weeds control. energy resources. sustainable energy management. 6. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. McKinney. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. Perry R.. Disasters and Development Cuny. Quorum Books. 2001.5. USA.L. 6th Edition. D. A.M. OECD/IEA. types. 48 . Oxford University Press / Oxfam America. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. F. hydropower. E. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Agroecology. R. Phytoremediation and bioremediation.A.W. consumers. Deforestation for agricultural purposes. local. Botkin. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers.
Altreri.Determination of density and abundance of plant species. 2000. Study of stratification and profile diagram. Westview Press. Boulder. C.G. India. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity. USA. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity. Corol. P. Kapur.A. Study of index of diversity. Yandermeer J. 2.Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species. New York.M. New Delhi. R. USA. Experimental Plant Ecology.P. and Rossel. 1990. CBS Publishers and Distributors.R. 3. E-11 Seminar 49 . Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species. M. Recommended Books: 1. Agrocology. 1995.. and Sudha. McGraw Hill Publishing Company.H. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture.
it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor. 50 . 4. 5. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. availability of the faculty and other facilities.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme. that: 1. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science. 3. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science. The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines. the Committee agreed on the following principles. The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization. The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions. 2.
7. 4. 9. 9. 5. 25. 6. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. 13. 3. 21.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1. 26. 20. 12. 7. 23. 12. 17. 16. 2. 10. 3. The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 . 2. 24. 22. 4. 18. 5. 19. 8. 11. 6. 15. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. 8. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 10. 14. Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. 11.
A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan. Amsterdam. 3. Karachi. 2. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling. Mackenzie J. 52 . D. F. Hansen. 4. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. Conventions and Protocols in Global. Treaties. Carrying capacity and sustainable development. Mackenzie. Environment People and Economy. 1991. NCS. 3.T.1994.E. development of concepts. Environmental control Policies. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment. Ball. P.. Instruments and methods. S. FURTHER READINGS 1. Elsevier. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan. Conservation Strategies. Draft National Environmental Policy. 1987.. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space.1994. Provincial and Local Strategies. Money. Hodder and Stoughton..1995. Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems.A. 2nd Edition.1991. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall. Relationship of culture. S. status of Terrestrial. S. Oxford University Press. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS).. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan. 2. GOP and IUCN. Geography of Pakistan.DETAILS OF M.S. WCS. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change.F. and Jorqensen.. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences. Khan K. London. 1992. and Bell. Oxford University Press. Recommended Books: 1.E. technology and resource use. Islamabad. COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management. Regional and International Environmental Issues. London Black Stone Press Ltd.
Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment. COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. 2.COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction. Ministry of Environment. FURTHER READINGS 1. UK. History. World Bank. 1995. procedures and methods of EIA. 1995. Cost benefit analysis of projects. WB. John Wiley & Sons. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. Ed. Demographic impact assessment. A one Publishers Lahore. Government of Pakistan. sampling rules. opportunities and issues. ed. Recommended Books: 1. Environmental Chemical Analysis. sample collection and preservation. Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Longman Scientific and Technical. 1993. A. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements. F & Bronstein. England. Environmental and Social Impact assessment. ecological impact assessment. economic impact assessment. Longman House.. 2. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. Assessment of environmental impacts. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. Sectoral guidelines for EIA. Environmental auditing. Air and Solid Waste. Environment Department. 53 . K. D. C. DC. Chichester. Gas Chromatography etc. Recommended Books: 1. Ahmed. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. process.Vanclay. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants. Harlow Essex. Wastewater. Case Studies and review. Wood.A. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery. 3. social impact assessment. role and importance. Burnt Hill. Principles of physical. Washington.
2001. Meredith J.. indicators. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic. Resource Mobilization. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. New York. 1998. Park. Basic Environmental Health. 1st Ed.. and Wright. Prentice Hall International Inc. T. Kjelllström. Project Planning. Ergonomic and Safety. Environmental Health Engineering. UK. communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne. Project Management Institute. J. R.. Van Nostrand and Reinhold. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). A. assumptions. Primary health care services. Occupational Health: problems and issues. and Guidotti. Nebel. T. Public health concept. inputs. A Guide to Project Management. 3. Need identification. Project Management: A Managerial Approach. USA. 2002. 54 . food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures.. principles and practices..COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. L. 2. S. specific objectives. Reasons for Project success or failure. Project Planning and Approval Processes. de Kok. Writing Project Proposal. Planning Commission Performas. T. feasibility study. Mantel s. Caeneross. Accident prevention and safety plans. COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems. safety techniques. T. Project Life Cycle. means of verification. Recommended Books: 1. M/S Banarsid. prevention and control. Yassi. 2nd Ed. Inc. 1st ed. work breakdown structure.. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. 4. London. air borne. 1992. Defining Project objectives. K. R.. Project Initiation. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. development objectives. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). Wiley Interscience. activities. Lippmann. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide.2000. B. 5.. outputs. 1997.. 1st Ed. J. 2. Government Policies and Programs. John Wiley and Sons. USA. economic evaluation. M. Oxford University Press New York. 1993. MS Project Recommended Books: 1.
1998.A. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor. solar. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms. Schoch. ISO Central Secretariat. 4th Edition. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. gas. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. petroleum. 1990b. M.M. 2001. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. D. D. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. Recommended Books: 1. 2007. Paris. 55 . L. Michigan-January 2001. 3. R..COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. Switzerland. data collection and interpretation. Sayre. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. industry and domestic sectors. 2. Environmental auditing. non-renewable and renewable. 6th Edition. Botkin. Recommended Books: 1. principles and elements of the process of EMS. bio-energy resources. 2007. Sources of data. St Luise Press. alternate energy resources. Paris. 2. energy resources. nuclear) local. Related Environmental regulations. types. E. 3. sustainable energy management for agriculture. hydropower. Environmental Auditing. McKinney. and Yonavjak. uses. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management. ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family.B and Keller. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. merits and demerits of wind. John Wiley and Sons. OECD/IEA. transport. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. energy resources of Pakistan. 4. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. USA. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). Principles of cleaner production.L.
climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. 4. (Ed. Life history strategies of plants. London. UK. Climate change and food production. Silvertown. Berlin. D. and Solutions. Oxford. Oxford UK. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T.COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. Chichester. 1st Edition. 2003. E. 56 . plant invasions. Hardy. Springer. UK 1991. The Green House Effect. ECOPE 29. Effects. D. John Wiley & Sons. Shulze. Blackwell Publishing. and Solutions. J.Causes. human activities and vegetation dynamics. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics. Hardy.). 2. Recommended Books: 1. plant conservation. 5. types of climate change models. forests. T. vegetation dynamics.. 1. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. 2005. COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. ED. 2005. Blackwell Publishing. 2005. 3. Plant Ecology. global aspects of plant ecology. resources and plants. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. 3.Causes. Maarel. J. competition and coexistence. E & Muller-Hohenstein. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. 2003. Earthscan Publication Ltd. John Wiley & Sons. Introduction to Plant Population Biology. Plant population dynamics. Houghton. 2004. Warrick. water resources. & Charlesworth. Climate Change . Effects. Green House Gases. geographical and temporal patterns. management and restoration. J. Recommended Books: 1. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. Modeling of climate change.T. survival and extinction. Climate Change . Vegetation Ecology Ed. Beck. types and their climatic effects. 2005. Climate Change and Ecosystems.D. B & Jager.. Species richness. etc. 2. K. John Wiley & Sons.
Primack. 2. deforestation and its control. & Spicer. distribution. J. R. 57 . Status of forests in Pakistan. 3. Loss of biodiversity. FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. COURSE 11 WILDLIFE. B.J. 1973 2. 3. II). their types and role in conservation. Oxford University Press. I). Oxford. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity. 1998. K. Conserving Living Natural Resources. habitats and ecosystems. Sustainable forest management. 5. 1986. Cambridge University Press. UK. types. Protected areas. 2002. Forest plantations. its causes. Protection and restoration of species. UK. Oxford University Press. 2004. London. Oxford University Press. S. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol.L. E.(2nd Ed. Forests. Mcmillan. Roberts. Recommended Books: 1. Wildlife of Pakistan. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan. biological diversity. Wetlands. Protected areas in Pakistan. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali. Wildlife Ecology and Management. Principles of Wildlife Management. USA. S. 1984. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management. status. Threatened animals and plants. T. Weddell. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation. their importance. J. threats and conservation. distribution.D. Cambridge. Establishment and management of protected areas. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. Inc. Publishers Sunderland. distribution and management. And Bolen. Roberts. W. Participatory forest management. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity. & Ripley. Extinction of species. Sinauer Assocaites. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. Recommended Books: 1. Essentials of Conservation Biology. Blackwell Publsihing.J.B. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan.J. problems and solutions.G. types.COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction. Bailey. their ecological and economic importance.J.A. Biodiversity: An introduction. Robinson. 2002. 1992. 4. John Wiley And Sons. Oxford. Cambridge. Consumptive. Rangeland management.) Gaston. T. Global and national biodiversity. kinds. Oxford. management.
urban political ecology. 1993. SAGE Publications Ltd. G. The Works: Anatomy of a City. USA. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages. USA. Environmental problems of urban life. urban landscape characteristics. Silberstein. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. future of urban centers. urban systems and their characteristics. 58 . Longman Group. Ministry of Housing and Works. 2007. Sustainable cities. Kate. urbanization in Pakistan. UK. Urban planning and management in Pakistan. Introducing Town Planning.. Islamabad. sanitation. CRC Press LLC. UK.COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction. 2004.. 4. S. 3.. A. Government of Pakistan. Urban land use planning and management. management of transport. C. Ward. 2000. J. London. Planning and Urban Change. Clara. 1986.. Penguin Group. H. drinking water and solid waste in cities. E&UA Div. New York. Recommended Books: 1. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development.and Maser. 2. V. Forms of urbanization.
A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking.J.V. Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. Third edition.Annexure . Oxford University Press. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1. Thomson and A. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. Martinet. 1997. Exercises 1. ISBN 0194313492 59 . a) Functional English Grammar 1. Practical English Grammar by A.
2. Fourth Impression 1993. Thomson and A. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. Reading. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Writing. b) Practical English Grammar by A.J. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Exercises 2. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Third edition. intensive and extensive. and speed reading. 1997. minutes of meetings. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 . Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. Martinet. Third Impression 1992.V. Reading/Comprehension 1. Oxford University Press. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Upper Intermediate. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin.
Oxford Supplementary Skills. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 . argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. narrative. Writing. Thomson and A. introduction to presentations. b) Writing 1. clarity. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. Fourth Impression 1993. Writing. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. 2. Third Impression 1992. discursive. Third edition. form. Oxford Supplementary Skills. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Fourth Impression 1992. Third Impression 1991. Martinet. Writing. descriptive and argumentative writing). ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Oxford University Press 1986. 2. Advanced by Ron White. language.J. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Reading.1. Practical English Grammar by A. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. Advanced. Reading 1. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis.V. Exercises 2. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. content.
Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G.(particularly suitable for discursive. A Custom Publication. 3. Compiled by norther Illinois University. Kirszner and Stephen R. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. 2004. St. argumentative and report writing). 2. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. College Writing Skills by John Langan. descriptive. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. 62 . Mandell. Kathleen Shine Cain. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. without taxing the taste of engineering students). Martin’s Press.
1999 onward 3. 1958-71 c. . Muslim advent iii. 2. 1993. national development. politics. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. Course Outline 1. b. government.B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. ideological background of Pakistan. 4. Mehmood. Zaidi. 1994. Akbar. Study the process of governance. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. S. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. S. 63 Books Recommended 1. 2000. Location and geo-physical features. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. People and Land i.Annexure . 3. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. contemporary Pakistan. Lahore.M. Economic institutions and issues b. 1947-58 b. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki. 1971-77 d. 1977-88 e. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Contemporary Pakistan a. Historical Perspective a. State & Society in Pakistan. Safdar. 1988-99 f. Society and social structure c. Shahid Javed. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. Karachi: Oxford University Press. 2. Ethnicity d. Indus Civilization ii. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980.
nd. 1967. Ethno . 8. II & III. 1980. Khalid Bin. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. 6. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Wilcox. 1998. 1993. 13. Tahir. Islamabad. Zahid. 10. Haq. Politics in Pakistan. Rafique.National Movement in Pakistan.. Muhammad Waseem. 1987. Afzal. Club Road. History & Culture of Sindh. Vol. Amin. Lawrence.5. 64 . Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia. Party.The Emergence of Banglades. Mehmood. M. Noor ul. Enigma of Political Development. 9.K. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. Washington: American Enterprise. Ansar. Pakistan Under Martial Law. 11. K. Sayeed. I. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. 14. 1976. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. Institute of Public Policy Research. Aziz. Lahore: Vanguard. Political Parties in Pakistan. Ziring. 1980. 12. 7. The Political System of Pakistan. 1972. Safdar. Wayne. Karachi: Royal Book Company.
19.A. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar. 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 .40.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.Annexure .6.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.58.57.20) Related to thinking.Tadabar (Verse No1.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.21.56.A.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.A.A.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.
in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt.
“Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. Islamabad (2001) 67 . “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute.3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. IRI. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. Bhatia. “Studies in Islamic Law.S. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. Ahmad Hasan. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. International Islamic University. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. “Emergence of Islam” .” Hussain Hamid Hassan. Pakistan.
functions. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. determinants. PWS-Kent Company. complex numbers. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. Sharron S. matrix inverse. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). PWS-Kent Company. not majoring in mathematics. set operations. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. types of functions. system of linear equations. Houghton & Mifflin. 1987. Boston 68 . types. harmonic progression. 1978.D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. trigonometric identities. cube roots of unity. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. Wooton W. geometric progression. introduction to sets. Beckenback EF. Cramer’s rule. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices.Annexure . Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. 1986. Boston Swokowski EW. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. College Algebra and Trigonometry. equations reducible to quadratic equations.
various forms of equation of a line. inequalities. New York Stewart J. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. solution of equations involving absolute values. 2005. slope of a line. 2005. Addison-Wesley. integration by parts. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. integration by substitution. derivatives.2. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. 69 . continuity. angle between two lines. parallel and perpendicular lines. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. distance between two points. 1983. continuous functions. equation of a line. rational and transcendental functions. not majoring in mathematics. distance between a point and a line. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). change of variables in indefinite integrals. Calculus (11th edition). PWS-Kent Company. functions and their graphs. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. 1995. USA 3. Ma. John Wiley. Finney AR. not majoring in mathematics. Reading. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. Bevens I. Recommended Books: Anton H. Calculus (3rd edition). Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. intersection of two lines. left-hand and right-hand limits. differentiation of polynomial. Boston Thomas GB. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. Davis S.
set operations. 1986. Scott. Conic Sections: Parabola. 1969 Kaufmann JE. PWS-Kent Company. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. Analytic Geometry. Boston 4. 70 . SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. College Algebra and Trigonometry. types of matrices. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. equations reducible to quadratic equations. PWS-Kent Company.Circle: Equation of a circle. • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. inverse of matrices. Introduction to sets. circles determined by various conditions. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). functions. types of functions. Boston Swokowski EW. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. intersection of lines and circles. system of linear equations. Freshman and Company. nature of roots of quadratic equations. hyperbola. • Contents 1. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. ellipse. locus of a point in various conditions. 1987. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. Cramer’s rule. determinants.
Books Recommended: 1. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. Boston. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. Kaufmann. array. deciles and percentiles. 4. 3. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. individual. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. 2. R. J. Latest Edition... characteristics of statistics. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. 2. Latest Edition. Swokowski. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. Latest Edition. trigonometric identities. frequency polygon. Wilcox. types of frequency series. variance. bar frequency diagram histogram. Graphs: Graph of straight line. relationship of statistics with social science. circle and trigonometric functions. moments. Measures of dispersion: Range. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. 71 . R. tally sheet method. E. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. W. 5.. discrete and continuous series. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. ungrouped and grouped data. skewness and kurtosis. E. PWS-Kent Company. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. Walpole. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. R. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. cumulative frequency curve. standard deviation.. E. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics.geometric and harmonic progressions. Prentice Hall. quartiles.
Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . 2005. plane polar coordinates. theorems of differentiation. • Integration Integration from first principles. Extreme Values of Functions. Integration by Parts. sinusoidal function. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. substitution method. Solution of equations involving absolute values. 2. 3. H. Continuous Functions. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. infinite and improper integrals. Least-Squares Line. John Wiley & Sons. 11th Edition. Contents 1. Inequalities. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. the inverse of differentiation. Calculus. McCallum. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. et al. products. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. Hughes-Hallett. integral inequalities. and Transcendental Functions. Rational Functions. Prentice-Hall. 6. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus. Schaum’s Outline Series. implicit differentiation. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. Elliott Mendelson. Continuity. E. logarithmic integration. integration by parts. 5. special points of a function. 1983. Calculus. Jhon Willey & Sons. Bevens. Trigonometric Functions. the chain rule. 2005. Thomas. 1999. 4th edition. applications of integration. Inc. Swokowski. John H. Calculus Single and Multivariable.Jr. integration using partial fractions.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. Addison Wesley publishing company. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. 4. integration by inspection. 3rd Edition. Inc. S. Frank A. Calculus. logarithmic differentiation. 2. Davis. Anton. Equation of a Line. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. Recommended Books: 1. W. Second Edition 1992. Leibnitz’ theorem. Gleason. quotients. I. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. 6. reduction formulae. 2002. Rational and Transcendental Functions. 8th edition. Mathews. Boston. Slope of a Line.
transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. inverses of hyperbolic functions. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 . complex conjugate. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. series involving natural numbers. alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. geometric series. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. the difference method. finding the nth roots of unity. identities of hyperbolic functions. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. multiplication. arithmetico-geometric series. division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. modulus and argument.Additions and subtraction. solving hyperbolic equations. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4. approximation errors in Taylor series.
mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. orthogonal. the inner product. line to line. of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 . some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. masses. Hermitian. unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. of a unitary matrix. vector product. moments of inertia. Pappus’ theorems. centers of mass and centroids. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. 6.5. symmetric and antisymmetric. scalar triple product. point to plane.
combinations of grad. divergence of a vector field. differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates.8. spherical polar coordinates 75 .
Significant digits. The semi-Interquartile Range. level of significance. Box and Whisker Plot. Discrete and continuous variables. Median and mode. Probability and Probability Distributions. The Mode. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Data. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Exercises. definition of outliers and their detection. Absolute and relative measures. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. Empirical Relation between Mean. 76 . The Mean Deviation. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Quantiles. Unit 2. Collection of primary and secondary data. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Exercises. Editing of Data. acceptance and rejection regions. Diagrams. Unit 7. Exercises. Change of origin and scale. probability and non-probability sampling. bias. null and alternative hypothesis. Poisson and Normal Distribution. sample design and sampling frame. Standardized variables. sampling and non sampling errors. Historigram. Pie chart. Ogive for Discrete Variable. Difference of means and proportions. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Graphs and their Construction. Unit 4. Sources. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. The Variance and standard deviation. Exercises Unit 6. Bar charts. Unit 5. Errors of measurement. Observations. Test statistics. Histogram. Rounding of a Number. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Stem and Leaf Display. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Properties of variance and standard Deviation.Annexure . properties of Good Average. Moments and Moments ratios. Exercises. Statistical problem. Coefficient of variation. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. Exercises. Types of frequency curves. Exercises. Type-I and Type-II errors. Different types of Averages.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Range. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Population. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. sampling with and without replacement. Presentation of Data Introduction. Unit 3.
R. cause and effect relationships. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. Unit 11. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. its estimation and interpretation. Exercises Unit 10. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. Coefficient of linear correlation. Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole. 2005. simple linear regression. examples. Regression and Correlation Introduction. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. Testing of Hypothesis. “Introduction to Statistics”. r and R2.Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. 3rd Ed.Single Population Introduction. Contingency Tables.. 77 . 1982. Exercises Unit 9.Unit 8. Correlation. E. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. Inc.. Exercises. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. Kitab Markaz. New York. 2 Muhammad. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. Macmillan Publishing Co. F. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples.
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