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For BS MS
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………
6 12 14 50 51
The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30. the Federal Government vide notification No. Lahore. universities and other institutions of higher education.ALTAF ALI G. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. 2007 at HEC Regional Center.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation. D773/76-JEA (cur. imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. PROF. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards. degree awarding institutions. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration. It is. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. It also aimed to give a basic.). the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee. R&D organizations. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. 63. DR. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. dated December 4th 1976. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. and 36. 2009 at the HEC Regional Center. The world has turned into a global village.PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic. therefore. respective accreditation councils and stake holders. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 .
OF CURRI. Abbreviations Used: NCRC. EXP. QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. LI R&D HEC Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. COL. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREP. OF FINAL CURRI. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I PREP. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. UNI. Preparation 5 . R&D. OF DRAFT BY NCRC REVIEW IMPLE. OF NCRC. REC. UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRI. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRI. IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. PREP.
Lahore Member 6. April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline. Dr. Rawalpindi Dr. Member 5. Karachi from 28-30. Member 4. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. Member 3. Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University.Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre. Dr. Member 6 . Dr. 7. Rawalpindi Dr. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2. Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr. Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall. Following attended the meeting:1.
Member 15. Dr. Karachi Member 12. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr.8. Dr. Dr. Member 14. Dr. 7 . Prof. 13. Member 10. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. Member 11. Dr. Prof. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi. Dr. Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof. Member 16. Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore. Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9. Basir Ahmad Arain Professor.
Islamabad coordinated the meeting. Shafiq-ur-Rehman. Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. 8 . Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. The meeting was opened by Mr.17. 1. 2. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. Director of HEC Regional Center. Mr. Member 20. Faisalabad Member 18. The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. Secretary Dr. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr. Mr. Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. At first. Chairman. Karachi. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. Member 19. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. Dr. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. Dr. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University.
Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities. 4. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population. The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. In last few centuries. The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment. 6. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development.3. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. 5. 3. Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. The committee thanked Mr. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development. 2. 1. The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 .
and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems. in its preliminary meeting. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5. Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. ii. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today. 5. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 . This committee. skills and behaviour patterns. Apply theoretical understanding. RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility. regional and global contexts. This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science.
Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment. The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2. 2. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English. 5. 1.e. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i. Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level. The medium of instruction. A. eight semesters in the semester system. pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme.. 4. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F. assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science. 6.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3. 3. Integrating natural sciences. UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles. The 11 . In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science. with consensus. skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes. DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration. that: 1. Sc.
Environmental Pollution 22. The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order. Environmental Chemistry 15. Introduction to Computer 14. English-III 18. Introductory Economics* 17. Introduction to Environmental Science 2.proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. Sociology/Anthropology* 11. Environmental Microbiology 21. SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1. Fundamentals of Ecology 20. Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7. Psychology* . Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19. Environmental Physics 16. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. Basic Chemistry* 4. Biology –II* 9. Biology –I* 3. English-I 6. Climatology* 23. Introduction to Earth Science 8. English-II 12.
46. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30. ELECTIVE-III 42. Research Methods in Environmental Science 41.24. Environmental Biotechnology 32. Applied Ecology 26. ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43. Environmental toxicology 27. Environmental Economics 29. ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28. Natural Resource Management 40. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31. English-IV/ Univ. Environmental Monitoring 36. Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25. Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours . 44. Environmental Management Systems 34. 45. Opt. Biodiversity & Conservation 35. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. Environmental Impact Assessment 39. Climate Change 38.
• Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical.
Environmental Science: working with the Earth. lipids. L..J. Schoch. 4th Ed. Different aspects of environment: physical. Human environment and its problems: global. current global. & Nebel. 2007 3. development in industry and agriculture. and their relationships with various environmental factors. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment. Botkin.M. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development. 2007. history. socio-economic. 2002. Pearson Educational. 10th Ed. Major components of environment: physico-chemical. 15 .. Miller. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. biological and social.B & Keller. urbanization. G. B. Environmental Science: systems and solutions. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society. Recommended Books: 1. 2. its importance in human life. 4. R. John Wiley & Sons. The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms.A. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth. E.I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life.L. & Yonavjak. Thomson Learning. ecological. 6th Ed. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates.DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline. R. 2007. proteins and nucleic acids. poverty and resource depletion. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY . McKinney. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future. regional. M. environmental pollution. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Wright. national. ethical. philosophical. D.T.
. Cassimeris.Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life. amines). G. covalent. C. 16 . Self Assessment and Revie. Origin of life: chemical evolution. E. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning. Structure and the basis of function. 2008. 2007. 1. 5. Biology: a Human Emphasis. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations. Study of mitosis in onion root tip. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals.Hill International Edition. M. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. B. coordinate covalent bond. Nucleic acids. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. origin of metabolism. New York. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. esters. phospholipids in membrane systems. A. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. Canada. carboxylic acids. Lingappa.. Starr. R. 5th Edetion. The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. USA. protobionts. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. Bulter. chemical basis of life. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. Ltd. N. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding. Lewis. Aromatic compounds. proteins. Crossley.. Plopper. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods. and Lewis. Molecular Biology through Questions. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. Cell division. chemical diversity. and Whitelaw. 3. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin. R. Wadsworth Group. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. lipids. polypeptides in protein diversity. USA. 4.. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Australia . The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. McGraw. carbohydrates. 8th Ed. Introduction to cell biology. 2007. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. 1996. Shier. Ionic. USA. L. 2003. V. Cells.. the molecule of genetic information and replication. Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell. carbonyls. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa. J. lipids. 2. D.
M. P. T. Girard. Hill. expansion of determinants. USA..S.E.H. normal solutions/buffers. Matrices and Determinants: Matrix. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. D. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics.. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. M.C. angle-sum formula. simultaneous equations and their solutions. USA. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional). real line. 2004. Skoog. minor and cofactor of a matrix. values of trigonometric functions.. determinants. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. Algebra of matrices. UK. UK. Thomson and Brooks. Brimblecombe. 1st Ed. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations).. J. Thin layer chromatography. Freeman and Company. 2003. molal. law of Cosines.. and Reid. W. 17 . EC and TDS in waste water. Blackwell Science. Jickells. 2nd Edition. D.J.D. Sequence and series: Arithmetic. Solution chemistry. concepts of six basic trigonometric functions. Understanding Environmental Pollution.Special Products (Binomial Expression). West. Lab Work Preparation of molar. Harris. Use of spectrophotometric techniques. series and means. graphs.A. straight line and related concepts.ions. 5. P. COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences. Binomial theorem (Simple applications). D. Photochemical reactions. F. 2005. 3. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. and Holler. Column chromatography. Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers. Liss. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula. J. coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane. 2. Recommended Books: 1. 2nd Edition. Canada. Cambridge University Press. Measurement of pH. B. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry.. Osmosis and Dialysis. Jones and Barlett. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles.. Colloids chemistry. geometric and harmonic sequence.K.E. 2004. Andrews. 4. 2004. radicals. 8th Edition. double angle formulas.. Surface chemistry. equations of lines (linear equations).. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra. 6th Edition.J.
different earth processes like mountain buildings. Chatterjee. lineation and unconformities. by parts integration (simple applications). 2. difference.Wesley. G. Scott Foresman and Company. D. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. plate tectonics. cleavages. composition and its internal structure. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. earthquakes. This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals. product and quotient rules without derivations). Earth as a member of solar system. Smith. irreducible quadratic factors. Chain rule. Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography. joints.. New Delhi. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension.A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure . Pacific Grove. COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure . Analytical Geometry. Trignometry for College students. nonrepeated linear factors. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors. Jr. California. Introduction to folds. Addission. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. 4. J. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. Recommended Books: 1. igneous and metamorphic rocks. age. theorem of integration. faults. 4th Ed. erosion and related landforms. Weathering. Integration: Formulas of integration. Fossils and their significance.B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. K.. the processes of their formation. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions. mountain building.Cramer’s Rule. Abraham. 10th Ed. theorems on differentiation (sum. L. 3. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. weathering and erosion. earthquakes and volcanoes. R. and Finney. Introduction to sedimentary. Narosa Publishing House. 1999. Introduction to rocks and minerals.B. foliation. Thomas. 18 . S. its origin.
Darwinism. multicellularity. F. Use of brunton compass and GPS. 5. Prentice Hall. 2004. and Tasa. Earth Science. Brooks/Cole. K. 19 . COURSE 8 BIOLOGY . and Monroe. Tarbuck. Recommended Books: 1. different classification systems.. unicellularity. R. consequences of losing biodiversity.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps.. Physical Geology and Process of Science. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories. 11th Edition. F. K. molecular basis of biodiversity. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity. 2007 3. G. and Pun.. 4. Biodiversity of canal. Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. interactions among diversified life. E. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis. Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life. Park. 2005. R. How Does Earth Work. Geological time chart with biodiversity. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants. measuring biodiversity. population loss and decline. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. and Tasa. Lutgens. 5th Edition. J. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species. Geographical aspects of biodiversity. J. Field Study tour. D. protocell formation. invasion of life on land.II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms. Life in sea. Prentice Hall: 2006. Biodiversity of deserts. Foundations of Structural Biology. 2007 2. G. examples of adjustments in varied environment. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. Tarbuck. Prentice Hall. causes of extinction. Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology. modern concepts... D... E..Identification of rocks and minerals. biodiversity crises. Routledge. 9th Edition. Lamarckism. Biodiversity of hilly areas. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification. animals). 3rd Edition. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation. crucial for organisms’ sustainability. J.. Smith. Wicander. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat. A. Lutgens.
Consumption. C. 2009. globalization and environmental issues. and Spicer. Bradbury. 4. I. 2001.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. 2. Biology. Allan & Carter. Understanding the environment-human relationship. Scope and application. Goals and expectations. UK. COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure . culture and society. 2005. power & hegemony. 3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment. IL:WavelandPress. Routledge. Chronological. Nora and Wilk. 3. UK. Conceptualizing environment. Prospect Heights. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology. C. Tripartite nature of environment. J. USA. a Human Emphasis. Environmental Risks and the Media. Blackwell Science Ltd. CA: AltaMira Press. UK. 3. I. Culture. Walnut Creek. 5th Edition. Biodiversity (An Introduction).. Gaston. Inc. The Ecology of global consumer culture. Perspective of human-environment evolution. Contemporary environment issues and debate. The Biosphere. New York: New York University Press. Recommended Books: 1. Use of environment for vested interest. (editors). Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. Inc..K. 2009.E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems. 2000. Starr. Wadsworth Group. 2006. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions. R. J. New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. K. Hannen. Crumley. L. 2. and Sustainable Living. (editor). K. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. 2003. Townsend. John Wiley and Sons. Contemporary environmental status. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. 2nd Edition. Adam. and concerns. 20 . P.
2003. Ms-Access. physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry.5. Local Area Network. Kluwer Academic Publishers. system software. Recommended Books: 1. Ms-Excel.London 1996.6th Ed. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered. Ms-Power Point. COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure . Configurations.H.. Rutledge. Long l. Types and classification of computers. software packages. Storage hardware. 6. 21 . computer programs and basic applications. Marquis A. Long N. internet. e-mail. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion.C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components. Course Outlines Definition. Fundamentals of computer.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure .BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment. Milton. Introduction to MS-Word. G. Selin. processing hardware. as are their effects on the biosphere. Software: Application software. Hardware: Input Hardware. Ed. Courter. After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry. K. Operating system (Windows). Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse.. output hardware.Microsoft office 2000.1999. 2. Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere.
Energy. Samir. UK..Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry. G. Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics. Equations of fluid dynamics. C. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems.. Turbulent diffusion.. Environmental impact of various industries. Springer. Heat radiation and heat transfer. Environmental Science. Particle physics. 5. B. Radioactivity and nuclear physics. Fregoso-Infante..T.. Fundamentals of aquatic. Entropy. 2008. Hernandez-Esparza. Recommended Books: 1. 4.E. Environmental Chemistry. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light. Andrews. Canada. its causes and adverse effects on environment. Isotopes and radioactive decay. Diffusion. 2004. 2nd Edition. Energy conversion. Turbulence. 2005. Brimblecombe. P. 3. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. Measurement and comparison of the 22 . Girard. Solids.D. J.. COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter. 1999.J.. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light. Thomson-Brooks. J. M. Jickells. and Reid.G. Basic acoustics. Nuclear energy.. Liquids and Gasses. and Singh.. photosynthesis. interaction of light with matter. M. Sound and Noise. Jones and Barlett.. their sources and toxic actions. DoriaSerrano. Transport of pollutants. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants. Reducing the transmission of sound. 2004. Ozone chemistry. Ibanez.S.E. 1st Edition. P. Banerji Prentice Hall of India. K. Liss. Environmental Chemistry. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts. A. Miller. Conversion of mass. J. Active control of sound. Solar spectrum. Chemical reactions. trophic level. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer. Global climate and climatic change. 2. T.. Human perceptions and noise criteria. Blackwell Science. Turbulent jets and plumes. atmospheric and soil chemistry. India. USA.M. Germany. Fate of pollutants in environment. Electromagnetic radiation. Ozone and UV light. Gaussian plumes in the air.
M.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. Kentucky USA. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. G. Sustainable development. and Van Grondelle. Pakistan economic context: National income. and Resource allocation.1998. Impact of economic activity on environment. Recommended Books: 1. Growth and Environment. S. producer and community point of view. New York. Course Outlines Introduction to economics. Introductory Environmental Physics. World Bank Publications. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter. economic growth and its measurement.Economic development. interaction between ecology and economic management. E. Environmental economics. J. Boeker. N. Economic functions of environment. Smith. Environmental Physics. 23 . 2008. Economic Development. Wesely Publishers. Growth and development. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development. economic growth. COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. H. Economic management and environmental quality. Routledge. 2006. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods. 2001. Measures for sustainable development. Praxis publishing. S. UK. USA. economic progress. Seinfeld. USA. Recommended Books: 1. 2. 4. poverty. John Wiley and Sons Inc. USA. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. 7th Ed. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. 2. Physics of the Environment and Climate. Natural resources and the economy. Field visit. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. Todaro. population and environmental quality. concepts and measurement. 2001. P.. 2008. Guyot. 3. Producer behavior. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. R. Yusuf. C. Man environmental relationship. USA. economic welfare and difference among all. and Pandis.
Portland 1967.3. Frodeman. N. Callicott. Ecology. Recommended Books: 1. R. description of population. DeVeer. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. J. Environmental Critics of agriculture. branches of ecology. and systems ecology. B. 2002. Palgrave Macmillan. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. Russell. its fundamental concepts. 2008. community and ecosystem. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy. A History of Western Philosophy. Course Outlines Introduction. 4. London. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale.. soil. Introduction to ethical theory. Environmental philosophy and ethics. LLC. ethics and ecology. concepts and approaches. B. 24 . 4. community. 3. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy. water. World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. 2008. Shogren. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy. Economics. 2009. WCIV7AA. levels of ecological organization.V. D. Kessinger Publishing. role of light... COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure . C. Touchstone Books. Natural philosophy. and White. species. biogeography. J. population. USA. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. Hanley.. 2007. Farmington Hills. the ethics of soil. Ecosystem and its types. temperature.A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems. M. 2. England. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology. & Pierce. International Thomson Publishing. Swift. World Bank Publications.A. B. USA.
2001 5. community dynamics. bacteria and eukarya. Biomes of the world. Fundamentals of Ecology.L and Reiss. 3. Systems ecology. productivity of different ecosystems. Microbiology of terrestrial environments. WCB/McGraw-Hill. B. King’s College London. characteristics of urban. Odum. J. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). students will be able to understand the significance. Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. C. 6th Ed. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea. Concepts of Limiting factors. Lab Work 25 . carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. Thomson Brooks/Cole. M J. agricultural and industrial ecosystems. 5th Ed. ecological modeling.W. and S. E P. 1992. and More. landscape ecology. and Barett. aero-microbiology and food microbiology. 1999 4. J. biotic factors. G. P. UK. habitat and niche. Tata McGraw-Hill. Chapman. distribution limits. New Delhi. After completion of this course. various concepts of community. Fundamentals of Ecology. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. Cambridge University Press. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems. Population distribution and abundance. Biogeochemical cycles of C.topography and air as ecological factors.) Moles. plant geography and animal distribution. role and application of microorganisms in the environment. UK. Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. aquatic microbiology. 2004. New York. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. Dash. 2. 1st Ed. with special emphasis on their environmental impact. Ecosystem: structure and function. Ecology (concepts and applications. 2000. population dynamics. M C J 1st ed. Ecology (principles and applications). C. Populations. M. Microbial metabolism.Cox. landscape changes and their importance. COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment. N. Recommended Books 1.
2nd Edition. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic. 3..and Brendecke. Academic Press. Types of Environmental pollution: Air. G.M..J.D. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology. USA. and Gerba. Hartel. Washington DC. D. UK.Gerba. L. Marine & Industrial pollution. Academic Press. I. Sylvia. Solid Waste generation.P.. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal. 5.P. International Protocols (BASAL Convention). F. Harley. Case Studies. Human & other living organisms.M. Dilution plate technique. purification and preservation.F. P. Environmental Pollution and Control. Collection. Mean plate count. New Jersey..1998. and Klein.G. McInernery. Fate of Environmental Pollutants.K. Understanding Environmental Pollution. Pollution Control Strategies. peppor.. M. and Stetzenbach.and Vesilaind. 2005. Microbiology. Butterworth-Heinemann. M.C. its sources and their effects. 2005. 26 . isolation. Peiece. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution. Water.L.. American Society for Microbiology. 4. Soil. R.Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection.W. 4th Edition. London.A. Weiner. Hill. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution. Recommended Books: 1. C..B. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel. Knudsen. USA.M. Environmental Microbiology. Prescott. 1995. W.. Cambridge UK. Effects of Pollutants. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution.P. Academic Press. J. P. 2005. L. USA.A.J.A. USA. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally. Maier.. 2009. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water.J. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines. Manual of Environmental Microbiology. USA.. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual. J. Crawford. McGraw Hill Inc. Prentice Hall. and Jeffery. Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents. A. and Zuberer.L. transportation & treatments. nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution.V. Pepper.J..J. C. D. Recommended Books 1. Fuhrmann. Hurrst. (Elsevier) USA. 3.. Cambridge University Press. 2. 2002.R. 2. Noise.L. J. 2007. D.I.. R. 2 Edition.
Marcel Dekkar. Spyros. 5. 1992. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. Solar radiations.From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. K. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics .. 3. 2003. Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided. Shamshad. Surface winds. The climate of Pakistan. Radiation and climate. Tarbuck. 1988. Mechanism of heat transfer.2nd Editions. Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History. concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. Factors affecting air Pressure. John H. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications. Houghton J. air pressure. COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences. A.. Royal book company. . Four Spheres of the Earth.E. John Wiley and Sons. N.J. global circulation.K. 2002. Cloud Classification. condensation and cloud Formation. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology.M. Recommended Books: 1. American Public Health Association (APHA). The Physics of Atmospheres. Cambridge University Press. COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems. climatic zones of Pakistan. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere.F.W. Weather and Climate. Sadder. Pandis. Environmental psychology. Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere. Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). 27 . 6th Edition. Heat and the Earth's atmosphere. Lutgens. The Hydrologic cycle.4.. A brief historical background and schools of psychology.. Climatology. The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan. Karachi. Methods of psychology. 2. The Atmosphere. Lawrance K. 2006 5. processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. 4. local winds. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment. Austin Miller.
Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture.C. Eysenck. rivers. Background and scope. Greene. Routledge. Recommended Books: 1. 5th Edition. Fisher J. COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. T.characteristics and research methods. sustainable agriculture. Environmental Psychology. London. carbon dioxide and global climate change. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine. Routledge. CRC Press. Bell. Sustainable agricultural practices. Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. techniques and methods of restoration. Soil as a natural resource. soil resources of Pakistan. Restoration of derelict lands. soil erosion and conservation. Pollution control through Ecology. 28 .D.. Water and distribution of species. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. concepts. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. 2001. soil salinity and water logging. limitation of irrigated agriculture. 2. High population density and psychological impacts. London. solar radiation and primary production. their management and ecological restoration. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change. Future water scenario of Pakistan. M. Water as an ecological resource. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives. Course Outline Introduction. Ecological restoration. Fundamental of Psychology.. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. P. CRC Press. species response to pollutants. 1992. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. Ecology of food production. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts. Sustainable livestock management practices. and Baum A. energy and carbon balance.A. threats and mitigation. Environmental perception and cognition.W.
. Islamabad. E. Foundations of Restoration Ecology. J. 29 .1998. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. Pakistan’s Environment. 5.. dose response relationship in living organisms. 2nd ed. Toxicity: Types and its measurement.. Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system. terminologies: Poisons. D.Recommended Books: 1. toxicity screening using microbial systems. Shirkat Gah. water and soil. P. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic.P. toxicology of chemicals. Lahore. Oxford. Organs. Falk. 5th Edition. Thomson Brooks/Cole.S. Island Press. A. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. and Hobbs. and Barett. Margaret A.. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management. Synergism. A. Mumtaz. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water. USA. 4. Peshawar. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures. COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals. from natural and anthropogenic sources. University of Peshawar. their containment and control strategies. Studies in Pakistan Geography. Israr-ud-Din. Zedler. toxins & toxicants. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications. 2006. on human and other living organisms. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals. 3. toxins vs toxicants. Rashid. Chemical interactions and their types.W. K. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents. Determination of Interaction of chemicals. in vivo & in vitro assays. Potentiation and Addition. soil and air samples. Fundamentals of Ecology. J. 2000 2. and Memon. Newman. Blackwell Scientific Publications. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. K and Habib. 1989.I. Odum E. R.A. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. G. Determination of chemicals in biological samples. B. 1996. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air.National Book Foundation. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. Soil Science. 2004. Immunological considerations in toxicology. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms. biological effects.
Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. 1st Edition. Economic: agriculture. culture. Klassen. industry. General and Applied Toxicology.2005 2. health. Environmental Profile of Pakistan. water resources. land. USA. the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York. Government of Pakistan. 1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development. W. W. P. economic development and the environment. Macmillan Press Ltd. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann.. 5th Edition. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement. 3. USA. State of the Environment-Pakistan . T and Turner. clean development mechanism. measuring environmental benefits. CRC Press Llc. 1992. pollution control-a general model. Williams. 1993. M. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology. economic aspects of different environmental problems.M. Recommended Books 1. Vol. First and Second law of Thermodynamics. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis. (ed.Recommended Books 1. geography.Science of Poisons . COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development.). Hughes. Course Outlines Introduction to history. urbanization and pollution. Recommended Books: 30 . people. Ballantyne.1 & 2. 1st Edition. the economic benefits of different environmental resources. McGrawhill. international trade and the environment. the economy and the environment. B. 2005 2. 3. topographic zones. education. Course Outlines Introduction.D. USA. Ecological: ecological zones. 1996. major ecosystems.
COD. 2000. Kolstad. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve.. 2003.W. West. B.and Field. Sparrow and D. I. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. units. Environmental Economics. NO3–N & NH4-N). Titrimetery. Oxford. C. precision and accuracy. 6th Edition. M. soil (NPK and organic matter contents.A. J. M. and Batemen. Skoog. Turner. New York. and derived S.R. Collingwood. Fluoride. Titrimetery. Sample collection. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association). handling. Harris. Use of Potentiometery. 2. 3. Field. Lab Work S. Johns Hopkins University Press. 1993. C. USA. Holler. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin.. salinity & sodicity). Sample preservation methods. Biomarkers in environmental assessment. Peverill. 2005.1. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry.C. Pearce. Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory. Data interpretation for quality control. Oxford University Press. preparation and storage. CSIRO Publ. D. Conductivitymetry. Environmental Economics: An Introduction. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples.K. Conductivitymetry.2002.. Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH. Analytical techniques for soil. Australia. and F. Freeman & Co. 4. Spectroscopy and Chromatography.I. Recommended Books: 1. All Solids. 1999.I. water and plant analysis. 31 .2004. Reuter.L. A. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive.D. 8th Edition. Gravimetery.UK. D..K. D. K. D. COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. L... 2. Gravimetery. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery. BOD.J. Standard solutions and standard curves. Thomson and Brooks. 3.
England. National Biotechnology Commission. Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems. J. COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 . Bioreactors. Government of Pakistan. A. W.E. 2005. Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques. Derbre. and Russel. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment. PCR. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns. Course Outlines Introduction. 4. National Biosafety Guidelines.living organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution. Smith.D. Sambrook. Biosensor. 2007. 2009. purification and preservation of DNA. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. J. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. USA.COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments. USA. Oxford University Press. Introduction to microbial kinetics.W. (ed. Tools in environmental biotechnology. Recombinant DNA technology. New York.1999. 2. Hans- Joachim. Biomarkers. Environmental Biotechnology. Germany. Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants. After completion of this course. Chichoster. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. 2nd Ed. Recommended Books 1. Scragg. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms.P. and Josef.. J..). 5th Ed. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures. and application of biotechnology in the environment. D. Wiley-VCH Verlag. 2001. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd. Biotechnology. New York. USA. students will be able to understand the significance. 3. 2005. Cambridge University Press. Isolation.
Introduction to GIS. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. Introduction to Photogrammetry. Fishery and wildlife. 2000. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. analysis and output. Inc. Mc Graw Hill Education. Rancez. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission. Data acquisition. Inc. A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. A. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. Active and Passive remote sensing. map projection and coordinate systems. Harvey. Z. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. Using and reading GPS in field. 4. Types of data used in GIS. Agriculture.Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. 5. Jensen. Satellite Imageries. Cartography. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. F. Data entry and output. 2009. Preparation of thematic maps. Aerial photography. integration of information from many sources. Inc. Lulla. Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. Guilfoud press New York. advantages and limitations of process. K and L. 2. Campbell. eradication of the duplicated data. Pearsons Education. Image Processing. History and data collection. 1999. COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . Energy Sources. Forestry. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). R. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. Different types of maps. Interpretation. 2000. John Wiley and Sons. history and platforms. John Wiley and Sons. Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. 3. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1. Dessinov. V. 2008.
American Society for Quality. Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor.. Systems and Support Techniques. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Sheldon. principles of Cleaner production. International Organization for Standardization. M. Related Environmental legislation. Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles. Environmental Economy. eco-design. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. M. 1998.2nd Ed. Environmental aspects and impacts. ecological. Conservation of biodiversity. F. 2. social and ethical values of biodiversity. 4. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS). B. WWF Pakistan. Methods of environmental protection. Environmental Management tools. etc. Environmental Management Systems Principles. economic.). and Qasim. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. 3. cleaner technologies. A. American Society for Quality.. Michigan. 34 . animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan. types of biodiversity.3rd Edition . 2006. threats to biodiversity. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1. standards and guidelines. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management.. Khan. 2001. Certification of EMS. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. need and approach. COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production. alpha and beta diversity.This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits.C. Course Outlines Introduction. 2005. and Yoxon. Environment and sustainable development. philosophical. hot spots of biodiversity. plant. threats to biodiversity and its conservation.
B. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes. Saad Printers. role of traditional knowledge in conservation. P. 2000. Z. international agreements. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples. Considerations. EIA requirement. Rawalpindi.. C. ecotourism. design and types of samples. London. habitats. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. laboratory custody. chemical addition.B. Mirza. Legal protection of species. water. Preservation methods including pH control. presampling requirements/information. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. soil and living organisms. their categories. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan. sampling and design purposes. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment. 2. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i. Cox.D. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme. croplands. conservation strategies.e. Publ. protected areas. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora. management. quality control sampling. refrigeration and freezing methods. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing. P. Conservation of wildlife. NOC for plant operation. Lahore). air. community and ecosystem level.. 35 . Biological indicators for environmental monitoring. conservation and livelihood. and Morre. Sunderland. Quality assurance and quality control. cities. A Primer for Conservation Biology. national and international laws and regulations. 3. Sinauer.conservation at species.. Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures. plants.R. Biogeography. in-situ and ex-situ conservation.B. 2ndEd. Kings College. 2000. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring. forests. Recommended Books: 1. Course Outlines Introduction. conservation in man-made ecosystems. 1998. population. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan. field custody. quality assessment. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan. Associates Inc. Lab Work Sampling techniques (air.
. Forstner U. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. human health. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. S. Earth Observation of Global Change. 7. . and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change. Murai. Peakall. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. USA. L. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide. 2002. and Guethner. USA. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. agriculture. 2002.. 2nd Edition. Japan Association on Remote Sensing. regional. Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. USA. Environmental Chemistry. McKlivie. (ed) Springer. Keith. Patterns in Winds and Pressure.) McGraw-Hill. New York. phenological changes. 2008. Tokyo. I. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. Precipitation. Moisture in the Atmosphere. R.Recommended Books: 1. biological. D. Regional droughts and 36 . Chuviero. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts. Lewis Publisher London. D. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. S. F. 2000. E. COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change. N. 6. 2008. (eds. Physical. Burden. UK. 1992. The Measurement of Climate Change. its causes and effects.1999.USA. H. Korte. 5. altered community structure. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data. Air Pollution and Acid Rain. Manahan. E. 2. Chapman and Hall. 3. and social factors contributing to climate and global change. Ozone depletion. chemical. Energy and Temperature. extinctions. 8. Human responses to potential climate change. Remote Sensing Note. Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change. Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate.1996. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. Recent Climate Change Indicators. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course.
O. Recommended Books: 1. Petts. Sringer. reporting. 1994. and Chadwick. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. R. and Solutions. Global Change and the earth system. 3.. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems. social impact assessment (SIA).. Keith.A. Recommended Books: 1. solids... Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2). 5. and noise. Climate Change . J. National Environmental Quality Standards for air.Causes. screening. Cost and benefits of EIA.cataclysmic climate change. 4. impact analysis. Therivel. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts. J. 4. J. principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society. 2003. D.. 1986. COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. Climate Change . A.T. 2003. John Wiley & Sons. 1999. EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan. 2. decision-making to implement the project. law. project implementation and follow up. London.. 2000. and Solutions. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels. 2. Effects.Causes. public involvement. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. 6. Effects. 2005. 1st Edition. 2005. mitigation and impact management. EIA project management. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice. Global Warming and Climate Change. and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction. Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems. T. National Book Foundation.. Islamabad. 3. Types & Resources to produce Energy. Islamabad. (ed.(ed). Oxford. J. Harrop. A. Routledge. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment. Blackwell. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan. London. Houghton. Main stages in EIA process. John Wiley & Sons. review of EIA quality. J. scoping. Glasson. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. overview.). Ministry of Housing and Works. Hardy. 2005. Hardy. & Nixon. 37 . role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis. Earthscan Publication Ltd. liquid. 2004.
Lohani. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. B. A. forest types and its existing management. 1997. EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual... Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. problem in agriculture. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia. Ludwig. 1993. Rangeland Management: existing status. R. 38 . requirement. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan. and Tu. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy. wind power and nuclear power. M.5. effective management. management options. methodologies. Evans.. national agriculture policy. Sadler.. wildlife census. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level. causes and methods for its improvement. agriculture chemicals. solar power. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies. & McCabe. Asian Development Bank. process and contents of the management plan. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources. importance. USA. Conservation in Progress. Goldsmith. J. agriculture products and their share in GDP. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. threats. occurrence and distribution of natural resources. 6. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources. S. their pros and cons. their current status and threats. COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification. New York. B. F.. national example. Carpenter.. threat and its causes. Development of Management Plan: needs. 2nd Edition. United Nations Environment Programme. limitation in the future. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. (ed. Recommended Books: 1. H. John Willey & Sons.. national and provincial legislation. best available option for future. R. Everitt. Types. management options. 2002.).B and Warren. Watershed management: Importance basic principles. existing management approaches.
5. Questionnaire. Research Design & Research Methods. Thousand Oaks. 4.A pre-requisite for Research.. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Hansen. S. Review of Literature. and Jorqensen. Scientific Research: Science. John Wiley & Sons.L. 3. How to put things together? Introduction. London. population and sampling frames. V. Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison).F. Case Studies. research methods. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. Selecting the Research Method. Methodology. Islamabad. Surveys. Experimental Research. Bibliography.E. J. & Plano Clark. 1992. Literature Search: Database. Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. types of sampling design/. Elsevier. R. P. concepts and terminologies. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods. W. Search Engines. Objectives. 1990. Research Proposal: its importance . 39 .1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study. Inference based on findings. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. USA. Scientific Methods. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data.Amsterdam.E. to introduce students to research design. Material Methods. 2007. Interviews. 1984.2. Environmental Conservation. Sampling: the logic of sampling. New York. Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice. Sage CA. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem. GOP and IUCN. Creswell. Dasmann. Review of Literature.
Belmont California. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans. Diamon. 1997. SNBP Local Government Ordinance. John and sons Ltd. Robert Yin. Wadsworth Publishing Company. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation. Chichester. Students project in Environmental Science. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan. England. regulations made there under. M.h.. National Conservation Strategy 5. 2008. USA. Recommended Books: 1. 2001 and the rules of business made there under. Marilyn F.USA. 5. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act. 2003. Government of Pakistan 3. Law Books House. and Arhonditsis.. 2nd Edition.Batty. 2000. 1997. S. E. Survey Research Methods. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance. 3. 1989.. Qadar. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 . Writing Science Through Critical Thinking. Booth. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development. Univ. 6. G. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules. The Craft of Research by Wayne C.. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan. Moriarty. USA. Babbie.2. of Chicago Press.S. 2003. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. 4.Harrad. National Environmental Policy 4. 2001. 3rd Edition. Sage Publishers. R. 2.
This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45
POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46
RESEARCH PROJECT/ INTERNSHIP
E-I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY
To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,
5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.
Briscoe. J. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry. I. A. The Politics of Managing Water. Biswas. (ed. flood and droughts. recycling and re-use of wastewater. C. 2003. Ahmed. watershed/catchment. tubewells.. Cheema. pollution aspects.). Pakistan . Course Outlines Water resource and its management. (eds. 2. 4. 6. 2005. U.1993. Bengali. water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan.. virtual water. and Tortajada.K.Lahore. fisheries management. Islamabad. precipitation distribution in Pakistan. O. N. Islamabad.E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan. Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. Indus Water Accord 1991. R.. 3. Asia Printer. Lahore. Oxford University Press New Delhi. A.. Ahmed. with drinking water facilities like springs. Recommended Books: 1. improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency. 1993. A. wetlands resources management. Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant. Mirajuddin Publication . integrated water resources management (IWRM).. P. and Qamar. hydrological cycle. like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. 44 .. Khan. water quality and quantity aspects.). water supply and demand management measures. Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization. flood and drought management.. Revised & enlarged edition. Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT). SDPI Oxford University Press. N. Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia. Pakistan. it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects. and Malik. R. Mirajuddin Publication . 5. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. K. Groundwater Resources of Pakistan. 2006. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment. groundwater exploitation.Varis. climate change and its impacts on our future water resources. Oxford University Press Karachi. 2006.
Brady. N. Physical and chemical properties of soil. USA.. National Book Foundation. hydrological processes. Types and properties of parent materials. Gardiner. Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. residential mobility and the neighborhood change. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. urban political ecology.R. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. 1. 1996. Forms of urbanization. soils. the salient features of urban environments. Urbanization. Definition. 2008. Causes of urbanization. Soils in Our Environment. Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. and Bantel. Soil buffering capacity and its importance. D. Pakistan. R. Cation and anion exchange.E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. Soil forming minerals. Soil Science. San Diego. Urban ecosystem. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization. USA. 45 . Islamabad. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. urban landscapes characteristics. Upper Saddle River. 2007. CA. R. Bashir. urban flora and fauna. future of urban centers. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. Academic Press. 11th Edition. Soil degradation. Upper Saddle River. 2007. and Weil. Prentice Hall. urban patterns and ecosystem functions. USA. Course Outlines Introduction. After completion of this course. Hillel. Miller. R. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations. D. Course Outlines Introduction. NJ.T.W. urban settlements. E. urbanization in Pakistan. Process and outcome.. humans as components of urban ecosystems. NJ. transport. Factors and processes of soil formation. management and green productivity.C. PrenticeHall.
Routledge. The Works: Anatomy of a City. 2004. Land use planning theories.1990.L. 2. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level.. nd 2 Edition. 2. UK. Hough. New trends in planning and city management. C. Elements of urban planning. SBS academic publishing. Levels of planning. nature and purpose of urban planning. Silberstein. 1. CRC Press LLC. M. Principles of planning. Chapman and Hall. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability. Aims and Objectives of planning. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems. New York. Hejny. Justification for planning for city management.. Recommended Books: 1. M. The planning process. USA. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. The Ecology of Urban Habitats. 2000. UR. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area. 46 . Alberti. S. Kate. Scope. London. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city.. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. Planning and Urban Change. Sukopp. 1989.. UK. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. D. UK. Planning theories and concepts. I. 4. Ward.Recommended Books: Urban Ecology. SAGE Publications Ltd.and Kowaril. V. Springer. Routledge. 2006. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. City Design for Sustainable Development. Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments. A. Planning and its relationship with other professions. 3. O. Smith. S. 5. J. H. Gilbert. Penguin Group. London.. USA.and Maser. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation. E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. 2004. Hague. 2009.S. 2007. Types of Urban Plans.
Cultural factors. Disaster Management: Components of management. Disaster as an opportunity for development. Socio-economic factors. Techniques and methods to assess hazard. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms. Longman Group... Islamabad. Role of Media in Disaster Management. E&UA Div. The Guilford Press. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research.. New York. P. Ministry of Housing and Works. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). Chapman & Hall. It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. 1993. 4. Political factors. G. Recommended Books: 1. UK. 1986. and Woodrow. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors. Natural cycles and their role. H. 1993. 1989. Manila..UNESCO. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters. and White G. Boulder . Earthquake Management. 47 . assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies.. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made.J. New York. Introducing Town Planning. 1993. ADB. Kates. Different approaches and Indicators. Natural Disasters Alexander. Flood Management: Organizational Role. 3..W. D. Landslide. M.W. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies. Physical factors. Paris. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. 4. Disaster Management Trainings and Policies... 2. 2nd Edition. Earthquake. Prediction. i. It discusses a wide range of aspects. International phenomenon. Westview Press.F. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development. Clara. 1991. R. Hazards. The Environment as Hazard Burton I. Government of Pakistan.e. Flooding.B.3.
. Disasters and Development Cuny. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem. 48 . local. energy resources of Pakistan. A. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. 6. biomass resources. Course Outlines Energy-development and environment. and Yonavjak. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers. Perry R. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. John Wiley and Sons. 2.M. and Mushkatel. primary producers. Biotic structure.C.L. Agroecology. 2007. USA. D. types. 4th Edition. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals. energy resources.. alternate energy resources. consumers. M. E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources. OECD/IEA. Botkin. Schoch. Paris. E. Farming practices for pests and weeds control. 1984. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life. Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem. Deforestation for agricultural purposes. uses. Quorum Books. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America. Consumer and producer relationship.B and Keller. F. 3. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. R. Phytoremediation and bioremediation. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources. 2007. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation. solar. Sustainable livestock management.5.H. L. 6th Edition.A. McKinney. New York. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. 2001. hydropower.W. decomposers. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. Ecological concept in crop and food production. Westport. 1. 1983. sustainable energy management. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems. merits and demerits of wind..
Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture. New Delhi. McGraw Hill Publishing Company.P.Determination of density and abundance of plant species. Study of stratification and profile diagram. Agrocology. M. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity. Recommended Books: 1. Corol. Boulder. R. 1990.M. USA.R. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species. Kapur.H. 2. 2000. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity. C. 3.G. and Sudha. E-11 Seminar 49 . Experimental Plant Ecology. Westview Press. 1995. New York.. Yandermeer J. CBS Publishers and Distributors. USA.A. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species. India. Study of index of diversity. and Rossel. P.Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram. Altreri.
50 . it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor. The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions. The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science. that: 1.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme. 4. availability of the faculty and other facilities. 3. The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization. 2. 5. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. the Committee agreed on the following principles.
6. 12. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. 19. 14. 9. 3. 21. 2.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1. 13. 8. The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. 4. 6. 2. 16. 8. 7. 15. 23. 26. 24. 25. 7. 4. 9. 10. 3. 11. 5. 22. 10. 12. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 18. 11. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 . 5. Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. 17. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. 20.
COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management.A. London.1994. 2. technology and resource use. S. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall.. Instruments and methods.S. Treaties. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan.1991. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences. Oxford University Press. Elsevier. S. London Black Stone Press Ltd. and Jorqensen. Relationship of culture. 1992. Oxford University Press. Draft National Environmental Policy. Amsterdam. 1991.. WCS.. Mackenzie.T. and Bell. Khan K. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment.1995.DETAILS OF M. Karachi. 52 . Ball. NCS. 4. 3. P.E. Islamabad. Hansen.F. 2. status of Terrestrial. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling. Hodder and Stoughton. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems. Money. Recommended Books: 1. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Carrying capacity and sustainable development. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. 3. Environmental control Policies. Environment People and Economy. 2nd Edition.E. Conventions and Protocols in Global. FURTHER READINGS 1. Provincial and Local Strategies. Mackenzie J. 1987. D. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space. F.1994. Geography of Pakistan.. Conservation Strategies. S. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan. GOP and IUCN. Regional and International Environmental Issues.. development of concepts. Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management.
Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. sample collection and preservation. FURTHER READINGS 1. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. UK. Government of Pakistan. World Bank. ed. procedures and methods of EIA. A one Publishers Lahore. Harlow Essex. Longman House.A. 2. Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment. Environmental Chemical Analysis. role and importance.COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction. Environmental and Social Impact assessment. economic impact assessment. D. Demographic impact assessment. A. Principles of physical. Recommended Books: 1. Assessment of environmental impacts. Gas Chromatography etc. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. 53 . Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. opportunities and issues. Ministry of Environment. Ahmed. John Wiley & Sons. Cost benefit analysis of projects. C. Recommended Books: 1. WB. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). process. Case Studies and review. Longman Scientific and Technical. England. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. Environmental auditing. 3. K. History. ecological impact assessment. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements. 1995. Sectoral guidelines for EIA. Ed. DC. Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery. Environment Department. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. social impact assessment. 1995. Wastewater. Washington. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). Wood. Chichester. 1993. F & Bronstein. 2. COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment.Vanclay. sampling rules. Air and Solid Waste. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants. Burnt Hill..
outputs. food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. Project Management: A Managerial Approach. air borne. Inc. economic evaluation.. S. 2. A Guide to Project Management. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. means of verification. R. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. Project Life Cycle. Recommended Books: 1. Project Initiation. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic. T. 1st Ed. 1998. Van Nostrand and Reinhold. UK. 1st Ed. work breakdown structure. prevention and control. J. 5. Ergonomic and Safety. development objectives... Government Policies and Programs. M/S Banarsid. Yassi. B. Occupational Health: problems and issues. 2. 1997. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). safety techniques. 2001. specific objectives. 54 . Defining Project objectives. Wiley Interscience. Writing Project Proposal. London. Reasons for Project success or failure. Caeneross. MS Project Recommended Books: 1.. Prentice Hall International Inc. Primary health care services. L. Planning Commission Performas. Basic Environmental Health. R. Nebel.COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project. Public health concept. Oxford University Press New York. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. Meredith J. de Kok. 1992. and Wright. principles and practices. feasibility study.. Project Planning and Approval Processes. K. M. indicators. communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne. Project Management Institute. Resource Mobilization. John Wiley and Sons.. Mantel s. activities. T.2000. 2002.. Environmental Health Engineering. T. Need identification. Park. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems. inputs. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. A. New York. Lippmann. assumptions. 1st ed. 2nd Ed. Kjelllström. USA. Accident prevention and safety plans. J. 1993.. 3. USA. T. and Guidotti. Project Planning. 4..
McKinney. D. and Yonavjak. principles and elements of the process of EMS. data collection and interpretation. D. ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family. Botkin. bio-energy resources. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. gas. merits and demerits of wind. Michigan-January 2001. 2007. Paris. Sources of data. E. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms. M. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. Paris. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. hydropower.A. 4. uses. 4th Edition. alternate energy resources. types. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). 1990b. 2.L. OECD/IEA. 3. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal. 2007. transport. Related Environmental regulations.B and Keller. Sayre..M. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Recommended Books: 1. petroleum. 55 . Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. John Wiley and Sons. L. industry and domestic sectors.COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. Switzerland. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. non-renewable and renewable. energy resources of Pakistan. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). solar. 2. Principles of cleaner production. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management. Schoch. 3. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. Environmental Auditing. sustainable energy management for agriculture. 2001. ISO Central Secretariat. 6th Edition. USA. nuclear) local. R. energy resources. St Luise Press. Recommended Books: 1. 1998. Environmental auditing.
John Wiley & Sons. plant conservation. Life history strategies of plants. K. and Solutions. J. Green House Gases. vegetation dynamics. E. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. 1st Edition. London. E & Muller-Hohenstein. 2003. D. Introduction to Plant Population Biology. D. plant invasions. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. Beck. Modeling of climate change. J.. John Wiley & Sons. Hardy. Oxford. (Ed. Warrick. 2005.Causes. 2005. Effects. John Wiley & Sons. 3. ECOPE 29. Houghton. Recommended Books: 1. competition and coexistence. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics. J. etc. Recommended Books: 1. Maarel. Climate Change and Ecosystems. Oxford UK. climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. Springer. forests. Vegetation Ecology Ed.T. 3. water resources. Blackwell Publishing. & Charlesworth. types and their climatic effects. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. Plant population dynamics. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Species richness. human activities and vegetation dynamics. The Green House Effect. Climate Change . Shulze. 56 . Climate change and food production. Plant Ecology.). and Solutions. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. global aspects of plant ecology. types of climate change models.D. ED. 2005. UK. 2004. survival and extinction.COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. Earthscan Publication Ltd. Berlin. Effects. Climate Change . 4. Chichester. management and restoration. UK 1991. 5. 2.Causes. 1. Hardy. resources and plants.. geographical and temporal patterns. B & Jager. Blackwell Publishing. 2003. 2. COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. T. Silvertown. 2005.
& Spicer. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity. USA. 4. Consumptive. K. deforestation and its control. Robinson.L. Protected areas.D. & Ripley. Wildlife Ecology and Management. E. J. problems and solutions. 57 . distribution. Oxford University Press. T. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. their importance. Roberts. biological diversity. Protection and restoration of species. Sinauer Assocaites. Participatory forest management. W. habitats and ecosystems. Oxford. Protected areas in Pakistan. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management.J. Oxford University Press. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation. 2002. II). R. distribution and management. FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. Recommended Books: 1. Essentials of Conservation Biology. Oxford. 3.) Gaston. S. Wildlife of Pakistan. Sustainable forest management. Conserving Living Natural Resources. B. Oxford University Press. Forest plantations. Cambridge. 5. Rangeland management. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity. 1992. Forests. Establishment and management of protected areas.J. 2004. T. Mcmillan.B. status. 1973 2. their ecological and economic importance. S. Cambridge University Press. 1986. Status of forests in Pakistan. COURSE 11 WILDLIFE.(2nd Ed. Cambridge. Loss of biodiversity. Biodiversity: An introduction. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. their types and role in conservation. 2002. 2.G. Global and national biodiversity. its causes. Extinction of species.COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction. 1984. Oxford. 3. Primack. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan. I). The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. UK.J.A. London. John Wiley And Sons. Bailey. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. types. management. Threatened animals and plants. Weddell. types. 1998. UK. Principles of Wildlife Management. J. Publishers Sunderland. kinds. Roberts. Wetlands.J. And Bolen. threats and conservation. Recommended Books: 1. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali. Inc. Blackwell Publsihing. distribution.
SAGE Publications Ltd. C. Longman Group. management of transport. Urban land use planning and management. Silberstein. 2004.. Islamabad. Urban planning and management in Pakistan. The Works: Anatomy of a City. 2007. Clara. Kate. London. Introducing Town Planning. 3. G. 2000. Forms of urbanization. J. urban systems and their characteristics. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. A. H. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. future of urban centers. Environmental problems of urban life. USA. urbanization in Pakistan. New York. USA. drinking water and solid waste in cities. urban landscape characteristics. Penguin Group. 2.and Maser. Recommended Books: 1. Ministry of Housing and Works. 4.. urban political ecology. UK.. 58 . Planning and Urban Change. sanitation. Sustainable cities. Ward. CRC Press LLC.COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction.. Government of Pakistan. 1993. 1986. V. S. E&UA Div. UK.
Third edition. a) Functional English Grammar 1. ISBN 0194313492 59 .A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking.V.J. 1997. Oxford University Press. Exercises 1. Thomson and A. Practical English Grammar by A. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. Martinet. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1.Annexure . Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure.
ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Fourth Impression 1993. 1997. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. Upper Intermediate. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. Writing. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 . ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. Reading. b) Practical English Grammar by A. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41.2. Exercises 2. Oxford Supplementary Skills. intensive and extensive. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Thomson and A. Martinet.V. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. and speed reading. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. Reading/Comprehension 1. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Third Impression 1992.J. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Oxford University Press. Third edition. minutes of meetings.
J. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Oxford Supplementary Skills. Writing. Writing. narrative. descriptive and argumentative writing). b) Writing 1. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. form. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Practical English Grammar by A. Fourth Impression 1992. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 . consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. 2. Reading. content. Third Impression 1992. Fourth Impression 1993. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. Martinet. introduction to presentations. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. language. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. Oxford University Press 1986.V. c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. Thomson and A. clarity. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. Oxford Supplementary Skills. discursive. Writing. Third Impression 1991. Third edition. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. Advanced by Ron White. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet.1. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Reading 1. Advanced. Exercises 2. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. 2.
Mandell. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. 62 . descriptive. argumentative and report writing). Kirszner and Stephen R. without taxing the taste of engineering students). b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. Martin’s Press. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. Compiled by norther Illinois University. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. Kathleen Shine Cain. 2. 3. 2004. St. College Writing Skills by John Langan.(particularly suitable for discursive. A Custom Publication. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature.
Location and geo-physical features. Ethnicity d. national development. 2. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. S. ideological background of Pakistan. Safdar. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. b. Course Outline 1. 4. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. Contemporary Pakistan a. State & Society in Pakistan. People and Land i. 1971-77 d. 63 Books Recommended 1. government.M. 1988-99 f. Economic institutions and issues b. 1994. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. 2000. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. S. Akbar. politics. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan.B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. Karachi: Oxford University Press. contemporary Pakistan. 1977-88 e. Study the process of governance. Zaidi. Shahid Javed. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. Historical Perspective a. 1993. . Karachi: Oxford University Press. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. 1947-58 b. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. 2. Society and social structure c. 3. Indus Civilization ii. 1999 onward 3. Mehmood. Muslim advent iii. 1958-71 c.Annexure . Lahore.
Rafique. 7. 14. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Political Parties in Pakistan. Khalid Bin. Washington: American Enterprise. Aziz.. Lahore: Vanguard. Lawrence. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. Noor ul. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. Karachi: Royal Book Company. Ansar. 1980. Wayne. 10. Institute of Public Policy Research. Amin. Club Road. Islamabad. 12. Ziring. Afzal. Politics in Pakistan.5.National Movement in Pakistan. Zahid. Wilcox.The Emergence of Banglades. Party. Haq. K. 1998. 1972. M. II & III. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. The Political System of Pakistan. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. 11. 1993. Mehmood. 13. nd. 1967. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia. Muhammad Waseem. Enigma of Political Development. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. Vol. 64 . History & Culture of Sindh. Sayeed. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. Safdar. 1980. 6. 1987. 8. Tahir.K. Ethno . Pakistan Under Martial Law. 1976. I. 9.
14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.40.19.C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.56.21. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.20) Related to thinking.Annexure .A.A.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.Tadabar (Verse No1.58.57. 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 .A.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.6.
in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt.
Bhatia. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. IRI. “Studies in Islamic Law. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. Pakistan. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq.3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. “Emergence of Islam” . Ahmad Hasan.S. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. International Islamic University. Islamabad (2001) 67 . “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad.” Hussain Hamid Hassan. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H.
types. set operations. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. Boston Swokowski EW. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. harmonic progression. determinants.Annexure . 1987. College Algebra and Trigonometry. equations reducible to quadratic equations. PWS-Kent Company. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. cube roots of unity. PWS-Kent Company. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. system of linear equations. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. functions. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. Sharron S. complex numbers. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. types of functions. Boston 68 . trigonometric identities. geometric progression. 1978. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. Houghton & Mifflin. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. matrix inverse. Wooton W. 1986.D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. introduction to sets. Beckenback EF. Cramer’s rule. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. not majoring in mathematics. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition).
Addison-Wesley. Calculus (3rd edition). Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. parallel and perpendicular lines. rational and transcendental functions. distance between two points. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. USA 3. differentiation of polynomial. John Wiley. Finney AR. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. not majoring in mathematics. equation of a line. PWS-Kent Company. integration by parts. derivatives.2. functions and their graphs. Davis S. distance between a point and a line. 1983. 1995. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Boston Thomas GB. Reading. continuity. Ma. New York Stewart J. left-hand and right-hand limits. Recommended Books: Anton H. not majoring in mathematics. solution of equations involving absolute values. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. change of variables in indefinite integrals. angle between two lines. 69 . Bevens I. continuous functions. 2005. inequalities. integration by substitution. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. 2005. intersection of two lines. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. various forms of equation of a line. slope of a line. Calculus (11th edition). Calculus and Analytic Geometry.
1987. 1969 Kaufmann JE. Scott. PWS-Kent Company. determinants.Circle: Equation of a circle. locus of a point in various conditions. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. hyperbola. nature of roots of quadratic equations. : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. set operations. Boston 4. : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. system of linear equations. equations reducible to quadratic equations. functions. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. College Algebra and Trigonometry. Freshman and Company. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. circles determined by various conditions. 70 . COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. inverse of matrices. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. Introduction to sets. 1986. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Conic Sections: Parabola. Analytic Geometry. PWS-Kent Company. types of functions. types of matrices. Cramer’s rule. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. Boston Swokowski EW. intersection of lines and circles. ellipse. • Contents 1.
characteristics of statistics. skewness and kurtosis. R.geometric and harmonic progressions. PWS-Kent Company. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. cumulative frequency curve. Latest Edition. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. Measures of dispersion: Range. Books Recommended: 1. bar frequency diagram histogram. W. individual. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. 5. Boston. relationship of statistics with social science. 4. J. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. R. trigonometric identities.. 2. standard deviation. variance. Graphs: Graph of straight line. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. E. circle and trigonometric functions. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. 3. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. Latest Edition. moments. array.. ungrouped and grouped data.. Wilcox. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. Latest Edition. Prentice Hall. Walpole. R. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. 71 . 2. Kaufmann. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. deciles and percentiles. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. tally sheet method. E. discrete and continuous series. quartiles. frequency polygon. Swokowski. types of frequency series.. E.
John H. logarithmic integration. logarithmic differentiation. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. Prentice-Hall. Continuous Functions.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. Leibnitz’ theorem. Davis. E. infinite and improper integrals. Slope of a Line. Integration by Parts. 1999. special points of a function. Thomas. sinusoidal function. Second Edition 1992. Calculus. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. the inverse of differentiation. Calculus. et al. plane polar coordinates. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. S. 2002. Anton. Hughes-Hallett. Rational and Transcendental Functions. Frank A. Boston. 3rd Edition. integration by inspection. Rational Functions. Bevens. Inequalities. Continuity. integration using partial fractions. 11th Edition. Recommended Books: 1. 6. Contents 1. Jhon Willey & Sons. 3. 2. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus.Jr. 4th edition. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. W. Least-Squares Line. I. Schaum’s Outline Series. Equation of a Line. integral inequalities. Extreme Values of Functions. Gleason. quotients. the chain rule. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. John Wiley & Sons. 6. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. Inc. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. Trigonometric Functions. Elliott Mendelson. 2005. products. Solution of equations involving absolute values. and Transcendental Functions. Addison Wesley publishing company. • Integration Integration from first principles. 2005. implicit differentiation. 8th edition. 4. theorems of differentiation. Swokowski. H. applications of integration. substitution method. Calculus. Calculus Single and Multivariable. McCallum. 2. integration by parts. Inc. 5. reduction formulae. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. Mathews. 1983.
multiplication. identities of hyperbolic functions. complex conjugate. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. the difference method. arithmetico-geometric series. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 . division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. solving hyperbolic equations. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms.Additions and subtraction. geometric series. modulus and argument. inverses of hyperbolic functions. series involving natural numbers. finding the nth roots of unity. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. approximation errors in Taylor series. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series.
centers of mass and centroids. masses. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. the inner product. Pappus’ theorems. line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7. scalar triple product. Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. symmetric and antisymmetric.5. 6. Hermitian. orthogonal. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. of a unitary matrix. moments of inertia. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. point to plane. of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 . line to line. unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. vector product.
differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. combinations of grad. spherical polar coordinates 75 . div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. divergence of a vector field. Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions.8.
Graphs and their Construction. acceptance and rejection regions. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. Historigram. Pie chart. Probability and Probability Distributions. Test statistics. The Mode. Box and Whisker Plot. Exercises. Presentation of Data Introduction.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Quantiles. Difference of means and proportions. definition of outliers and their detection. sample design and sampling frame. Histogram. Empirical Relation between Mean. Standardized variables. 76 . null and alternative hypothesis. Unit 5. Exercises. Exercises. Collection of primary and secondary data. properties of Good Average. Change of origin and scale. Data. Significant digits. Ogive for Discrete Variable. The Variance and standard deviation. Unit 7. Unit 2. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Sources. sampling and non sampling errors. Exercises Unit 6. Exercises. Moments and Moments ratios. Exercises. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. The Mean Deviation. Diagrams. Discrete and continuous variables. Unit 4. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Range. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Rounding of a Number. Exercises. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Absolute and relative measures. The semi-Interquartile Range. bias. Bar charts. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Different types of Averages. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. probability and non-probability sampling. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages.Annexure . level of significance. Population. Poisson and Normal Distribution. Errors of measurement. Types of frequency curves. Median and mode. Unit 3. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Statistical problem. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Editing of Data. Stem and Leaf Display. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. sampling with and without replacement. Observations. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Type-I and Type-II errors. Coefficient of variation.
Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. cause and effect relationships. Inc. Unit 11. 3rd Ed. Exercises. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. R. 2005. E. its estimation and interpretation. simple linear regression. Regression and Correlation Introduction.Unit 8. New York. Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole. Testing of Hypothesis.. Exercises Unit 10. Coefficient of linear correlation.. Correlation. F. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. r and R2. Macmillan Publishing Co. 2 Muhammad. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. Kitab Markaz.Single Population Introduction. Exercises Unit 9. Contingency Tables. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. 1982. examples. “Introduction to Statistics”. 77 .
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