(Revised 2009)


Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director


1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………

6 12 14 50 51


The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30. dated December 4th 1976. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. R&D organizations. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration. and 36. degree awarding institutions.PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. therefore. the Federal Government vide notification No. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. respective accreditation councils and stake holders. SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 . imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge. the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976.). 2009 at the HEC Regional Center. It is. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. universities and other institutions of higher education. DR. Lahore. PROF. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee. 63.ALTAF ALI G. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. D773/76-JEA (cur. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards. The world has turned into a global village. and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses. It also aimed to give a basic.


Dr.Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline. Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall. Member 6 . 7. Karachi from 28-30. Member 5. Dr. Following attended the meeting:1. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr. Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2. Lahore Member 6. Dr. Member 3. Member 4. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. Rawalpindi Dr. Rawalpindi Dr. Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head.

Dr. Member 10. 13. Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof. 7 . Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. Member 11. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9. Karachi Member 12.8. Dr. Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. Member 16. Prof. Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi. Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore. Dr. Dr. Dr. Member 15. Member 14. Dr. Prof. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr.

Member 20. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards. At first. Shafiq-ur-Rehman. Dr. 8 . The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society. Director of HEC Regional Center. 2. Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr.17. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. Secretary Dr. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. Islamabad coordinated the meeting. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. The meeting was opened by Mr. 1. Dr. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. Faisalabad Member 18. Karachi. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr. Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. Mr. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. Mr. Member 19. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. Chairman.

comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment. The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. 6.3. 2. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity. 3. The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. In last few centuries. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 . Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development. The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. 5. 4. Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses. The committee thanked Mr. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development. 1.

This committee. in its preliminary meeting. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 . This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility. and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science. skills and behaviour patterns. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5. Apply theoretical understanding. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. ii. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development. regional and global contexts. professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today. RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. 5.

Integrating natural sciences. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. eight semesters in the semester system. 6. 1. 2. DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee.. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level. UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles. The 11 . 5. 3. skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science. Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment.e. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F. that: 1. 4. assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. A. pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme. Sc. with consensus. The medium of instruction. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals. Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature. The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2.

Psychology* . English-III 18. Fundamentals of Ecology 20. Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13. Introduction to Computer 14. SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1. Introductory Economics* 17. Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7. Climatology* 23. Environmental Microbiology 21. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. Basic Chemistry* 4. Biology –II* 9. Introduction to Earth Science 8. The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order. English-I 6. Biology –I* 3. Sociology/Anthropology* 11. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5. English-II 12.proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. Environmental Physics 16. Introduction to Environmental Science 2. Environmental Pollution 22. Environmental Chemistry 15.

Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours . Biodiversity & Conservation 35. Climate Change 38. Environmental Management Systems 34. Environmental Biotechnology 32. ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43. Research Methods in Environmental Science 41. English-IV/ Univ. 46. Environmental Monitoring 36. Environmental Economics 29. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30.24. Environmental Impact Assessment 39. 45. Opt. 44. ELECTIVE-III 42. ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28. Environmental toxicology 27. Natural Resource Management 40. Applied Ecology 26. Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31.

• Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical.

R.DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline. development in industry and agriculture. Environmental Science: working with the Earth.A. 10th Ed. Pearson Educational. McKinney. Human environment and its problems: global. 15 . The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms. 2007. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. and their relationships with various environmental factors.T. 6th Ed. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts. current global. 4th Ed. Botkin. ecological. 2007. philosophical. Thomson Learning. 2007 3. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY . 2002..B & Keller.J. Wright.. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development.I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life. proteins and nucleic acids. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth.M. Miller. Different aspects of environment: physical. D. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment. 4. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates. environmental pollution. socio-economic. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. biological and social. L. G. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society. Recommended Books: 1. poverty and resource depletion. 2. Major components of environment: physico-chemical. R. lipids. Environmental Science: systems and solutions. ethical. urbanization. & Yonavjak. M. national. & Nebel. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future. B. regional. its importance in human life. John Wiley & Sons.L. Schoch. history. E.

protobionts. Plopper. Canada. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. Lingappa. N. 3. R. lipids. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding. Nucleic acids.. E. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. 4. and Lewis. C. Crossley. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations. L. esters. G. 16 . Ionic. The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. Cells.Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life. 8th Ed. B. M. phospholipids in membrane systems. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. R. A. the molecule of genetic information and replication.. Biology: a Human Emphasis. Ltd. McGraw. 5.. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals. Structure and the basis of function. Wadsworth Group. 2008. 2. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. proteins. chemical basis of life. Australia . 1. Bulter.. J. USA. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus.Hill International Edition. Starr. Introduction to cell biology. polypeptides in protein diversity. 5th Edetion. Study of mitosis in onion root tip. USA. Self Assessment and Revie. carbohydrates. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods. USA.. carbonyls. 2003. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions. Cassimeris. 2007. carboxylic acids. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. 2007. Shier. origin of metabolism. 1996. Lewis. Cell division. Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. covalent. coordinate covalent bond. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa. The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. Molecular Biology through Questions. chemical diversity. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. amines). lipids. D. Aromatic compounds. Origin of life: chemical evolution. and Whitelaw. V. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. New York. Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

. UK. 3.E. 6th Edition. Algebra of matrices. Hill. 2005. Matrices and Determinants: Matrix. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane. equations of lines (linear equations). determinants. Surface chemistry. and Reid. Colloids chemistry.E.A. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles. 4. J. Brimblecombe. 5. Liss.D. radicals.. J. values of trigonometric functions. concepts of six basic trigonometric functions. Jones and Barlett.J. UK. 8th Edition. Andrews. simultaneous equations and their solutions.S. double angle formulas. Recommended Books: 1. angle-sum formula. straight line and related concepts. real line... molal.K. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. Thomson and Brooks. W. 2. B.M. Photochemical reactions.H. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. series and means. T. D. Jickells. Binomial theorem (Simple applications). Blackwell Science. Cambridge University Press. Solution chemistry. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. Sequence and series: Arithmetic. expansion of determinants. Girard. 17 . graphs. USA. M. D. Canada. West.. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. P. Column chromatography. 2nd Edition. D.J. Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers..Special Products (Binomial Expression). Understanding Environmental Pollution.. 2004. 2nd Edition. Measurement of pH. Skoog. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. 1st Ed.. coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane. normal solutions/buffers. F. EC and TDS in waste water. P.. COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences. and Holler. Freeman and Company. 2004. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula. 2004. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra.C. 2003. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional). Harris.ions. Thin layer chromatography. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations). Lab Work Preparation of molar. Use of spectrophotometric techniques. Osmosis and Dialysis. minor and cofactor of a matrix. geometric and harmonic sequence. law of Cosines. USA. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis.

Addission. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. K. Scott Foresman and Company. G. Recommended Books: 1. Narosa Publishing House. 10th Ed. theorem of integration. COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure . difference. and Finney. J. S.Wesley. Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography. igneous and metamorphic rocks. age. New Delhi. 4th Ed. Abraham. Fossils and their significance. Smith. Earth as a member of solar system. different earth processes like mountain buildings. cleavages. weathering and erosion. 18 . Analytical Geometry. D. plate tectonics. product and quotient rules without derivations). R. nonrepeated linear factors. joints. theorems on differentiation (sum. earthquakes. faults. Trignometry for College students.A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure . 3. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals. by parts integration (simple applications). 4. Introduction to folds. Chatterjee. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. Chain rule. Introduction to rocks and minerals. earthquakes and volcanoes. mountain building. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation. foliation. 2. California. 1999. its origin.B. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. Weathering. Pacific Grove. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. Thomas.. lineation and unconformities. composition and its internal structure. erosion and related landforms.B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography.. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. the processes of their formation. Jr. L. Introduction to sedimentary. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors.Cramer’s Rule. Integration: Formulas of integration. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension. irreducible quadratic factors.

. R. animals). 2005. K. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity. 19 . J. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat. 2007 2. 4. measuring biodiversity. 5. Routledge. G. 2004. E. protocell formation. K. Lutgens. invasion of life on land. and Pun. crucial for organisms’ sustainability. J. and Monroe. and Tasa. interactions among diversified life. Use of brunton compass and GPS.. Prentice Hall: 2006. Prentice Hall. Physical Geology and Process of Science. F. D. D. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. 11th Edition. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification. Tarbuck... population loss and decline. F.. unicellularity. Biodiversity of deserts. Lamarckism. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species.. Geological time chart with biodiversity. Biodiversity of hilly areas. G. 3rd Edition. consequences of losing biodiversity. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms. biodiversity crises. causes of extinction..II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution. Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life.Identification of rocks and minerals. J. 5th Edition. Recommended Books: 1. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants. How Does Earth Work. Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. examples of adjustments in varied environment. Foundations of Structural Biology. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories. A. modern concepts. E. Biodiversity of canal. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water. Prentice Hall. and Tasa. Wicander. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. Darwinism. Field Study tour. different classification systems.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps. Life in sea. molecular basis of biodiversity. Earth Science. 9th Edition. Geographical aspects of biodiversity. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation. Park. 2007 3.. COURSE 8 BIOLOGY . Brooks/Cole. Tarbuck. Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology.. multicellularity. Lutgens. R. Smith.

K. I. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. Wadsworth Group. 2nd Edition. Environmental Risks and the Media. K.K. Perspective of human-environment evolution. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. J. Allan & Carter. Gaston. Conceptualizing environment. and Sustainable Living. Inc. Starr. power & hegemony. Biodiversity (An Introduction). John Wiley and Sons. USA. I.. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions. Walnut Creek. Goals and expectations. Consumption. 2009. Routledge. L. Adam. 2005. P. J. 2000. Bradbury. UK. Recommended Books: 1. 2009. (editor). Biology. 3. New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. Hannen. Use of environment for vested interest. (editors). Scope and application. R. The Biosphere. Inc.. Townsend. culture and society. CA: AltaMira Press. UK. IL:WavelandPress. Culture. 3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment. 2006. 20 . New York: New York University Press. and concerns. 3. The Ecology of global consumer culture. C. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology. Nora and Wilk. 5th Edition. C. Prospect Heights. 2003.E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems. Blackwell Science Ltd. 2. Tripartite nature of environment. COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure . globalization and environmental issues. 2. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. Understanding the environment-human relationship. Contemporary environmental status. 2001. UK.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. 4. and Spicer. Contemporary environment issues and debate. Chronological. a Human Emphasis. Crumley.

Long N. Fundamentals of computer. Configurations. Operating system (Windows). Hardware: Input Hardware. Storage hardware.. e-mail. Recommended Books: 1. processing hardware. output hardware. 2. Ed. 6. Marquis A. Courter. 2003. Rutledge. Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures. Software: Application software. Kluwer Academic Publishers.Microsoft office 2000.H. Ms-Access. After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry. Selin. Long l. Types and classification of computers. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere.1999. K. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion. software packages. internet.5. Milton. Local Area Network. system software. G. as are their effects on the biosphere. Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure . Introduction to MS-Word. physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry.. 21 . COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure .BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment. computer programs and basic applications.6th Ed. Ms-Excel. Course Outlines Definition.C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered.London 1996. Ms-Power Point.

Transport of pollutants. Environmental Chemistry.M. 2005. Samir. atmospheric and soil chemistry. 3.. Fate of pollutants in environment. Chemical reactions. Basic acoustics.. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer. Equations of fluid dynamics. Heat radiation and heat transfer. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts. Andrews. K. Nuclear energy. DoriaSerrano.. Solids. 2nd Edition. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants.E. Energy conversion. Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics.. Turbulent diffusion. Conversion of mass. Hernandez-Esparza. J. J. G. B. and Reid. Radioactivity and nuclear physics. Germany. Environmental Chemistry. Canada. M. M.. Brimblecombe. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. Jickells. Sound and Noise. P. Environmental impact of various industries. USA. Liquids and Gasses. Reducing the transmission of sound. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Isotopes and radioactive decay. Electromagnetic radiation. Energy. Ibanez. Jones and Barlett. Recommended Books: 1. Banerji Prentice Hall of India. Liss. Ozone and UV light. 2. Blackwell Science. 4. Human perceptions and noise criteria. 1st Edition. 2004. Diffusion. interaction of light with matter.. Measurement and comparison of the 22 . Entropy. India.J.S. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light. Active control of sound. photosynthesis. Turbulent jets and plumes.E. Turbulence.Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry. Fundamentals of aquatic.D. Girard. its causes and adverse effects on environment. Solar spectrum.T. Environmental Science.. and Singh. P.G. 1999. trophic level... COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter. UK. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems. Thomson-Brooks. 2008. Springer. Global climate and climatic change. Ozone chemistry. C. 2004. Miller. T. Particle physics. Fregoso-Infante. 5.. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light. J. Gaussian plumes in the air. A. their sources and toxic actions..

Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. Pakistan economic context: National income. Course Outlines Introduction to economics. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Wesely Publishers. Guyot. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. G. 3. economic growth. Natural resources and the economy. P. Impact of economic activity on environment. C. Economic Development. Economic functions of environment. John Wiley and Sons Inc. M. 2001. USA. producer and community point of view. R. Environmental economics. 2.Economic development. 2001. COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. 2008. USA. Recommended Books: 1. interaction between ecology and economic management. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. 2008. Recommended Books: 1. J. concepts and measurement. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. Economic management and environmental quality. and Pandis. Environmental Physics. population and environmental quality. Field visit. Growth and Environment. Kentucky USA. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter. S. 2006. and Resource allocation. Seinfeld. Todaro. Physics of the Environment and Climate. Boeker. 2. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. USA. Introductory Environmental Physics. 7th Ed.1998. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods. poverty. Smith. New York.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. World Bank Publications. E. 23 . H. 4. S. and Van Grondelle. UK. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development. N. Routledge. economic growth and its measurement. USA.. economic welfare and difference among all. Producer behavior. Man environmental relationship. economic progress. Measures for sustainable development. Growth and development. Praxis publishing. Yusuf. Sustainable development.

M. Environmental philosophy and ethics. A History of Western Philosophy. N. 2. its fundamental concepts. population. World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography.. 4. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure . Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy. D. species. water. community and ecosystem. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. B. Economics. Ecology. ethics and ecology. SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology. branches of ecology. Environmental Critics of agriculture. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale.A. R. Palgrave Macmillan. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy.. soil. Ecosystem and its types. Hanley. Kessinger Publishing. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy. Natural philosophy. 2002.V. J. International Thomson Publishing. and systems ecology.A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems. Introduction to ethical theory. community. biogeography. role of light. Russell. USA. C. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. 24 . DeVeer.3. England. the ethics of soil. Swift. LLC. Course Outlines Introduction. 2008. and White. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. Callicott. Recommended Books: 1. Farmington Hills. 4. levels of ecological organization. London. Shogren... concepts and approaches. B. Frodeman. Portland 1967. WCIV7AA. 3. World Bank Publications. 2007. Touchstone Books. & Pierce. J. 2008. 2009. description of population. B. USA. temperature.

productivity of different ecosystems. 1999 4. Microbial metabolism. 2. UK. New York. Concepts of Limiting factors. Chapman. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. Population distribution and abundance. Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). role and application of microorganisms in the environment. aero-microbiology and food microbiology. bacteria and eukarya. 2001 5. 1992.topography and air as ecological factors. habitat and niche. landscape changes and their importance. 6th Ed. Ecology (principles and applications).L and Reiss. Tata McGraw-Hill. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan.W. M. G. P. King’s College London. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea. Biomes of the world. B. 2000. J. N. Systems ecology. J. M C J 1st ed. plant geography and animal distribution. WCB/McGraw-Hill. New Delhi. M J. and Barett. Cambridge University Press. aquatic microbiology. and More. and S. Biogeochemical cycles of C. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment. Populations. Odum.Cox. agricultural and industrial ecosystems. UK. C. 5th Ed. Ecology (concepts and applications. Dash. 2004. landscape ecology. Lab Work 25 . with special emphasis on their environmental impact. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. biotic factors. Fundamentals of Ecology. Ecosystem: structure and function. Fundamentals of Ecology. Microbiology of terrestrial environments.) Moles. Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. C. 3. 1st Ed. distribution limits. population dynamics. students will be able to understand the significance. E P. community dynamics. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems. Recommended Books 1. various concepts of community. After completion of this course. ecological modeling. Thomson Brooks/Cole. characteristics of urban.

International Protocols (BASAL Convention). D. Human & other living organisms. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution.Gerba.M. McGraw Hill Inc. Soil. Understanding Environmental Pollution. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual.. USA..and Vesilaind.R. Solid Waste generation. and Stetzenbach. Academic Press.and Brendecke. Recommended Books: 1. Water.J. 2005. J. Pepper. USA. 3.G. UK. Prescott. nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution. Harley. F. Crawford. Cambridge UK. Weiner.P. 2005.. Recommended Books 1. 3.J.. W.C. and Gerba.. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic.M.D.L. 2005. A. USA.V..I. Hurrst.J.. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel. 2. Marine & Industrial pollution. Collection. 1995. L. M.W.. peppor.L. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines. Sylvia. Fate of Environmental Pollutants. Hill. and Klein. P. London. Dilution plate technique. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution.M. Mean plate count. D. 4. 4th Edition. Environmental Microbiology. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal.A. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology.P. Peiece.. Hartel. Academic Press. I. L.. C. transportation & treatments. D.B.K. New Jersey.. 5. J.P.. J. 2nd Edition. and Zuberer. Academic Press. Knudsen. its sources and their effects. 2007.A. McInernery.L. Noise. Pollution Control Strategies.J. Types of Environmental pollution: Air. Cambridge University Press. (Elsevier) USA. G. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water. R. and Jeffery. M. USA. R.. Fuhrmann. 26 . Case Studies. 2. 2 Edition. 2002. Washington DC. Manual of Environmental Microbiology. P. Environmental Pollution and Control. American Society for Microbiology. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution. Butterworth-Heinemann. Effects of Pollutants.1998. C. USA. Prentice Hall.F. Maier.J. Microbiology. isolation. purification and preservation. Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents.A.Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally. 2009.

Climatology. Spyros. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology. American Public Health Association (APHA). The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . A brief historical background and schools of psychology. concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. Recommended Books: 1. Royal book company. COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems. Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). 2003. local winds. The Atmosphere. 4. Lawrance K. global circulation. air pressure. 5.. Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere. Surface winds. 3. Karachi. Factors affecting air Pressure. Four Spheres of the Earth.E. 2002. Shamshad. Marcel Dekkar.From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. 1992. 2006 5. processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. The climate of Pakistan. Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment.. The Hydrologic cycle. Cambridge University Press. 6th Edition.W. Radiation and climate. Mechanism of heat transfer.. Methods of psychology. Environmental psychology. Heat and the Earth's atmosphere. Weather and Climate. 27 . Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided. . 2. climatic zones of Pakistan. Houghton J. A..J.F. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications.M. John H. N.2nd Editions. John Wiley and Sons. Pandis. Sadder. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere. Cloud Classification. Lutgens. K.K. condensation and cloud Formation. The Physics of Atmospheres. Tarbuck. Solar radiations. Austin Miller. 1988.4.

M. Routledge. CRC Press. Fisher J. High population density and psychological impacts. species response to pollutants. Sustainable agricultural practices. soil erosion and conservation. Environmental perception and cognition. Soil as a natural resource. Water and distribution of species. carbon dioxide and global climate change. Ecological restoration. P. soil salinity and water logging. Recommended Books: 1. sustainable agriculture. Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. energy and carbon balance. techniques and methods of restoration. Eysenck. Routledge. solar radiation and primary production. Water as an ecological resource. Pollution control through Ecology. Course Outline Introduction. Background and scope. 2001. Greene. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Future water scenario of Pakistan.A. concepts. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives.W. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species. rivers. Restoration of derelict lands. threats and mitigation. T. 2. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. 5th Edition. limitation of irrigated agriculture. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine. their management and ecological restoration. London. Ecology of food production. 1992. and Baum A. CRC Press. Sustainable livestock management practices. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. Bell. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. 28 ..D. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher.. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. Environmental Psychology.characteristics and research methods. Fundamental of Psychology. London. soil resources of Pakistan.C. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change.

Mumtaz. Odum E.W. Israr-ud-Din. Determination of Interaction of chemicals. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic. Blackwell Scientific Publications. Synergism. K and Habib. dose response relationship in living organisms. Falk. 4. Potentiation and Addition. in vivo & in vitro assays. Chemical interactions and their types. G. K. R. 2006. Islamabad. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures.. Studies in Pakistan Geography. D. toxicity screening using microbial systems. terminologies: Poisons. Margaret A. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms.A. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. Zedler. and Barett. 2000 2. Lahore. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management. water and soil. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications.. Soil Science. Pakistan’s Environment. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. 3. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History. toxins & toxicants. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. A. their containment and control strategies. toxicology of chemicals. Rashid. 5. Determination of chemicals in biological samples.Recommended Books: 1. Organs. J. from natural and anthropogenic sources. Thomson Brooks/Cole. Oxford. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. soil and air samples.P. Foundations of Restoration Ecology. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. 29 . on human and other living organisms. E. Island Press. toxins vs toxicants. and Hobbs. 2004. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents. A. Immunological considerations in toxicology. and Memon... USA.I. University of Peshawar. Newman. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water. P. 5th Edition. Toxicity: Types and its measurement. 1989. Shirkat Gah. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system. 2nd ed. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals. 1996. biological effects. B. Fundamentals of Ecology. J. Peshawar.S.1998.National Book Foundation. COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals.

1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development. CRC Press Llc. State of the Environment-Pakistan . Hughes. Course Outlines Introduction to history. land. health. Recommended Books 1. First and Second law of Thermodynamics.Science of Poisons . P.1 & 2.D. B. Government of Pakistan. General and Applied Toxicology. 2005 2. Recommended Books: 30 . 1993. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann. industry. (ed. Course Outlines Introduction.2005 2. USA. 5th Edition. 1st Edition. Klassen. USA. 1992. COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development. topographic zones. Vol. culture.Recommended Books 1. geography. W. international trade and the environment. the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements. 1996. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis. McGrawhill. W. Macmillan Press Ltd. Economic: agriculture.). Ecological: ecological zones. Environmental Profile of Pakistan. Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology.. 3. 1st Edition. 3. clean development mechanism. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement. people. Ballantyne. the economic benefits of different environmental resources. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York. education. USA. urbanization and pollution. the economy and the environment. T and Turner. measuring environmental benefits. economic aspects of different environmental problems. M.M. Williams. major ecosystems. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology. economic development and the environment. pollution control-a general model. water resources.

New York. 1999. D. Oxford University Press. Biomarkers in environmental assessment. Holler. 8th Edition. Conductivitymetry. COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. L. Australia. soil (NPK and organic matter contents. Environmental Economics: An Introduction. Turner.. 4. and Batemen. West. Field. Data interpretation for quality control. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction. C.UK. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive.2004. 2. handling. units. 31 .. 2003. D. B. Sparrow and D.D. 6th Edition. BOD. All Solids. NO3–N & NH4-N). CSIRO Publ.. Environmental Economics. and derived S. Sample preservation methods.I. COD. salinity & sodicity). preparation and storage. Analytical techniques for soil.. Freeman & Co. Harris.. K. 1993. 2000. Fluoride.K. M. and F. Titrimetery. Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory. Standard solutions and standard curves. 3. Gravimetery. Thomson and Brooks. 2005. Reuter. 2. I. C. Titrimetery.R. USA. Recommended Books: 1. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Conductivitymetry.C. J. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater.I. M. Gravimetery. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples. Collingwood. Use of Potentiometery. Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH.W. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling..2002. Kolstad.L.and Field. D. water and plant analysis. Skoog.1. Oxford. Sample collection. Spectroscopy and Chromatography. D. Lab Work S. Peverill. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual.K. 3.J. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. precision and accuracy.A. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin. Johns Hopkins University Press. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery. A. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. Pearce.

Oxford University Press. Biotechnology. 2001.. J. 2. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. USA. USA. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques. National Biotechnology Commission. and Josef.COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments. Introduction to microbial kinetics. D. Sambrook. 3. USA. Wiley-VCH Verlag. 2nd Ed. J. 2007. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures. Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques. J. New York. Cambridge University Press. National Biosafety Guidelines.D. and application of biotechnology in the environment. Bioreactors. A. Chichoster. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms. Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution.E. 5th Ed. Recombinant DNA technology. 2009. Government of Pakistan.P. Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. students will be able to understand the significance. purification and preservation of DNA. New York. Biomarkers. Course Outlines Introduction. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment. Germany. 2005.W. 2005. 4. (ed.. Biosensor.1999. and Russel. Scragg. England. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd.). Hans- Joachim. Isolation. After completion of this course. Derbre. W. COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 . PCR. Smith. Environmental Biotechnology. Tools in environmental biotechnology. Recommended Books 1. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual.

eradication of the duplicated data. COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . Guilfoud press New York. Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. analysis and output. 2000. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. Dessinov. Data acquisition. Fishery and wildlife. Jensen. 5. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. Rancez. Introduction to GIS. Campbell. Aerial photography. Agriculture. Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. 3. John Wiley and Sons. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. A. Z. Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. Image Processing. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1. 1999. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). Forestry. Mc Graw Hill Education. Interpretation. Inc. 2000. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. Different types of maps. integration of information from many sources. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). Types of data used in GIS. Using and reading GPS in field. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission.Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. V. history and platforms. 2009. A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. K and L. Inc. 4. 2008. Harvey. R. Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. History and data collection. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. Pearsons Education. F. Active and Passive remote sensing. Data entry and output. Introduction to Photogrammetry. advantages and limitations of process. Energy Sources. map projection and coordinate systems. Preparation of thematic maps. 2. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. Satellite Imageries. Lulla. Cartography. Inc. Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. John Wiley and Sons.

3. 4. Certification of EMS. Environmental Management Systems Principles. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS). 2. Conservation of biodiversity. cleaner technologies. Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1.. WWF Pakistan. need and approach.. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR).2nd Ed. Systems and Support Techniques. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production. etc. COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. alpha and beta diversity. F. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. M. Environmental Economy. animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan. philosophical. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. 2006. 2005.C. 2001. Environmental aspects and impacts. and Qasim. International Organization for Standardization.. Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management. Course Outlines Introduction. hot spots of biodiversity. Related Environmental legislation. types of biodiversity. and Yoxon. principles of Cleaner production. B. standards and guidelines. ecological. eco-design. A. 34 . economic. 1998. threats to biodiversity. American Society for Quality. Sheldon. Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles. American Society for Quality. Environmental Management tools. Khan. Methods of environmental protection. plant.3rd Edition . social and ethical values of biodiversity. threats to biodiversity and its conservation. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. M. Michigan.This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits. Environment and sustainable development.).

Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing. Recommended Books: 1. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme. Conservation of wildlife. Z. chemical addition. Associates Inc.. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. national and international laws and regulations. EIA requirement. Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures.B. international agreements. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan.B. Quality assurance and quality control. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples. community and ecosystem level. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i. P. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment. conservation in man-made ecosystems. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques. croplands. laboratory custody. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan. management. Course Outlines Introduction.B. 2000. Lahore). Lab Work Sampling techniques (air. protected areas. forests. 1998. refrigeration and freezing methods. Publ. conservation strategies.R. Preservation methods including pH control. quality control sampling. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes. field custody. design and types of samples. 35 . Sunderland. Biogeography. conservation and livelihood. 2ndEd. sampling and design purposes. London. A Primer for Conservation Biology. Mirza. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring. cities. role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. air. Kings College. 2000. NOC for plant operation. habitats.e. their categories. quality assessment. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. ecotourism. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora.. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan.D. in-situ and ex-situ conservation. Rawalpindi. presampling requirements/information. role of traditional knowledge in conservation..conservation at species. and Morre. Considerations. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring. C. soil and living organisms. P. Sinauer. Legal protection of species. 3. 2. Saad Printers. population. Cox. water. plants.

Recommended Books: 1. Chuviero. N. Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change. D. phenological changes. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention.. F.. Ozone depletion. The Measurement of Climate Change. 3. USA. S. Chapman and Hall. 2. Recent Climate Change Indicators. Keith. 1992. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. . and Guethner. Tokyo. regional. Lewis Publisher London. I. Patterns in Winds and Pressure. H. 2002. biological. Moisture in the Atmosphere. L. 5. Peakall. extinctions. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide.1996. 8. its causes and effects. Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate. Environmental Chemistry. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. and the interactions between climate and the global environment.USA. E. Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. USA. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data. altered community structure. Burden. McKlivie. USA. Regional droughts and 36 . 2000. Korte. Human responses to potential climate change. 2nd Edition. Forstner U. 2008. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course. Remote Sensing Note. 7. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. UK. COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change. agriculture. (ed) Springer. S. chemical.) McGraw-Hill. D. 6. R. Physical. Energy and Temperature. Earth Observation of Global Change. New York. E. Air Pollution and Acid Rain. (eds. 2002. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. Murai. human health. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources.1999. Precipitation. and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change. Manahan. 2008. and social factors contributing to climate and global change. Japan Association on Remote Sensing.

T. 2003. London. 2005. COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project... Islamabad.). D. Global Warming and Climate Change. Ministry of Housing and Works. decision-making to implement the project. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels. 2005. J. and Solutions. J. Hardy. 2004. Keith.. Petts. scoping. 4. 1994. 1986. and Solutions.. 3. liquid. screening. Blackwell. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. R. review of EIA quality. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. 2. Climate Change . Oxford. Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2). mitigation and impact management.. 1st Edition. Routledge.(ed).. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan. National Book Foundation. Sringer.O. reporting. (ed. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment. A. Effects. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. Recommended Books: 1. and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction. Recommended Books: 1. 1999. 2. Harrop. project implementation and follow up. and Chadwick. and noise. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized.. 6. J. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice. overview. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts.cataclysmic climate change. Types & Resources to produce Energy. Cost and benefits of EIA. Main stages in EIA process. Global Change and the earth system. Islamabad.Causes.Causes. & Nixon. J.T. Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems. social impact assessment (SIA). 37 . role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis. John Wiley & Sons. Earthscan Publication Ltd. J. Effects. Houghton. London. 4. Glasson. impact analysis. public involvement. Hardy. 2000. principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society. solids.A. Therivel. John Wiley & Sons. A. law. 3. Climate Change . EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan. EIA project management. 2005. 5. 2003.

Evans. 6. Everitt. Conservation in Progress. Recommended Books: 1. national example.. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources.B and Warren. Watershed management: Importance basic principles. John Willey & Sons. their pros and cons.. & McCabe. B. wildlife census. Carpenter. 2nd Edition. agriculture chemicals. agriculture products and their share in GDP.). 38 . Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan. 1993. 2002. H. and Tu. New York. Rangeland Management: existing status. solar power. Development of Management Plan: needs. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources. occurrence and distribution of natural resources.. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. (ed. causes and methods for its improvement. R.. threat and its causes. their current status and threats. Asian Development Bank. importance. 1997.. United Nations Environment Programme. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. S. best available option for future. wind power and nuclear power. A. F.. B. requirement.5. problem in agriculture. R. M. Sadler. Ludwig. national and provincial legislation. Types. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. national agriculture policy. Goldsmith. effective management. management options. forest types and its existing management. limitation in the future. existing management approaches. USA. threats. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level.. Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia. J. methodologies. Lohani. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area. COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification. process and contents of the management plan. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. management options. EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual.

John Wiley & Sons. population and sampling frames. Environmental Conservation. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically. J. P. Review of Literature. types of sampling design/.Amsterdam. Inference based on findings.A pre-requisite for Research. Case Studies. Questionnaire. How to put things together? Introduction.E. Research Proposal: its importance . 1990. Scientific Research: Science.2. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice. Experimental Research. Elsevier. Creswell. Scientific Methods. Research Design & Research Methods. 1984. Material Methods. Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research.E. 2007. Islamabad. Thousand Oaks. Selecting the Research Method. 39 . 1992. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1. concepts and terminologies. Search Engines. W. R.1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study. Surveys. S. Bibliography. research methods.. and Jorqensen. to introduce students to research design. 5. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. Interviews. Literature Search: Database. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison). 3. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design. New York. Objectives. V. GOP and IUCN. Review of Literature. 4. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem. USA. London. Sampling: the logic of sampling. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf. and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research. Methodology.F. Sage CA. & Plano Clark. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods. Dasmann.L. Hansen.

. 2003.2. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance. 2001 and the rules of business made there under. 1997. National Conservation Strategy 5. regulations made there under. E. USA. Sage Publishers. National Environmental Policy 4. Chichester. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. 2000. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan.S. Writing Science Through Critical Thinking. Diamon. Belmont California. Survey Research Methods. S. M. 2003... 2nd Edition. 3. SNBP Local Government Ordinance. Moriarty. 6. 5. of Chicago Press. and Arhonditsis. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 . England. Robert Yin. Babbie. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules. R. G. 1989. 4.. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development. Marilyn F. 2008.h. Wadsworth Publishing Company. 2001. Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation. Government of Pakistan 3. Students project in Environmental Science. Qadar. USA. John and sons Ltd. Univ. 2. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers.Harrad. 3rd Edition. Booth. Law Books House. 1997. The Craft of Research by Wayne C.USA. Recommended Books: 1.Batty.

This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.

Course Outline
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations

Recommended Books:
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45


3 (3-0)

The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.

Course Outlines

Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste

Recommended Books:
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46



To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)

Course Outlines
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.

Recommended Books:
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,

5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.


improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency.Varis. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan.K. Mirajuddin Publication . Pakistan. integrated water resources management (IWRM). Ahmed. water supply and demand management measures. 2. Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia. and Qamar.. Recommended Books: 1. Biswas. N.. A. Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT). I. climate change and its impacts on our future water resources. 2003. like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. Course Outlines Water resource and its management.. Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry. R. flood and droughts. Indus Water Accord 1991. J. and Malik. A. water quality and quantity aspects. Islamabad. R. fisheries management.1993. flood and drought management. A. Ahmed. Oxford University Press Karachi. 3. Islamabad. watershed/catchment. Lahore. groundwater exploitation. Oxford University Press New Delhi. pollution aspects.).). Cheema. K. (ed. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. Bengali. 1993. precipitation distribution in Pakistan. wetlands resources management. tubewells. O. Pakistan . Asia Printer. Groundwater Resources of Pakistan... 44 . (eds. hydrological cycle. 2006. recycling and re-use of wastewater. U. C. Revised & enlarged edition. Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization. Mirajuddin Publication . 4.E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan.Lahore. The Politics of Managing Water. with drinking water facilities like springs.. Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. virtual water. it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects. 2005. SDPI Oxford University Press. and Tortajada. 2006.. 5. N. water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan. 6. P. Briscoe. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment. Khan.

CA.. Urban ecosystem. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. Process and outcome. and Bantel. management and green productivity. Cation and anion exchange.R. 1996. Definition. 11th Edition. Upper Saddle River. urban flora and fauna.W. and Weil. Course Outlines Introduction. R.E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. Physical and chemical properties of soil. residential mobility and the neighborhood change.C. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes.T. soils. NJ. D. E. 2008. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations. USA. USA. Bashir. humans as components of urban ecosystems. Hillel. urban patterns and ecosystem functions. USA. D. Academic Press. After completion of this course.. transport. Prentice Hall. Urbanization. Soil buffering capacity and its importance. Course Outlines Introduction. hydrological processes. Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. Miller. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. NJ. Causes of urbanization. Factors and processes of soil formation. urban settlements. Islamabad. Brady. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils. Upper Saddle River. 1. Pakistan. National Book Foundation. N. 2007. Soil Science. Soil forming minerals. San Diego. Gardiner. future of urban centers. PrenticeHall. Forms of urbanization. urbanization in Pakistan. urban landscapes characteristics. Soil degradation. urban political ecology. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. R. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization. Types and properties of parent materials. Soils in Our Environment. R. 2007. the salient features of urban environments. 45 .

2006. UR. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. Silberstein. Hough. Levels of planning. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems. City Design for Sustainable Development. 2. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe.1990. 2009. V. Springer. Planning and its relationship with other professions. Elements of urban planning. A. The Works: Anatomy of a City.Recommended Books: Urban Ecology. SBS academic publishing. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. The Ecology of Urban Habitats. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability. 3. S. M. Planning theories and concepts. S. Hague. Land use planning theories. USA. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation. 2. Hejny. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. London. Types of Urban Plans.. J. Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments. Routledge. Scope. SAGE Publications Ltd. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. 4. O.and Kowaril. Planning and Urban Change. 5. London.. CRC Press LLC. 1989. nd 2 Edition. Penguin Group. UK. 2004. 1. USA. Sukopp. D. Chapman and Hall. Recommended Books: 1. 2000. E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. New trends in planning and city management.. 2004. Justification for planning for city management.S.. H. I. 2007. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city. C. Smith. The planning process..L. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level. Gilbert. New York. UK. 46 . UK. Ward. Alberti. M. nature and purpose of urban planning. Principles of planning. Routledge. Kate.and Maser. Aims and Objectives of planning.

4.3. Different approaches and Indicators. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies. It discusses a wide range of aspects. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research. Landslide. Disaster Management Trainings and Policies. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. H. Role of Media in Disaster Management.. UK. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made.. 1991. Recommended Books: 1.. New York. Clara. E&UA Div. Disaster Management: Components of management. Westview Press. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. Kates. Natural Disasters Alexander. Physical factors.. Prediction. Disaster as an opportunity for development. Longman Group. Hazards. G. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N. Manila. Flood Management: Organizational Role. It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. Cultural factors. New York. and White G. 2. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures.F. Islamabad. The Guilford Press. D. 1993. 1993. Ministry of Housing and Works.e. 4.J. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization. Political factors.W. Earthquake Management. Flooding.. Introducing Town Planning. P. International phenomenon. The Environment as Hazard Burton I. ADB.. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies. Government of Pakistan. 1989. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors.W.B. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). and Woodrow. 3. 2nd Edition. Boulder . Techniques and methods to assess hazard. 1993. Socio-economic factors. i. M. 47 . Paris. 1986. Chapman & Hall. Natural cycles and their role.. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum. Earthquake.. R.UNESCO.

E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment. Consumer and producer relationship. 2001. Agroecology. McKinney. 2007.. R. sustainable energy management. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation. D. F. types. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. 6th Edition. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals.L. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. 2007. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America. consumers. Course Outlines Energy-development and environment. Paris.M. 1. Deforestation for agricultural purposes. Disasters and Development Cuny. primary producers. local. Quorum Books.H. Botkin.A. energy resources of Pakistan. solar. Phytoremediation and bioremediation. 6. New York. 3. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources. Schoch. A. John Wiley and Sons. and Mushkatel. Perry R.. Farming practices for pests and weeds control. biomass resources. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources. hydropower. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem. alternate energy resources. E. Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem. decomposers. L.. Sustainable livestock management. Biotic structure.C. uses.5. M. 2. and Yonavjak. OECD/IEA.W. Ecological concept in crop and food production. 48 . 1983. merits and demerits of wind. energy resources. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. USA. 4th Edition. Westport. 1984. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources.B and Keller. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems.

G. Experimental Plant Ecology. USA. 1995. India. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity.A. Westview Press. C.R. Recommended Books: 1. Kapur. 2000. Yandermeer J. Agrocology. New York. New Delhi.H.Determination of density and abundance of plant species. Altreri. and Rossel.M.. Study of index of diversity. 3. E-11 Seminar 49 . Study of stratification and profile diagram.Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram. 1990.P. USA. and Sudha. M. P. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture. R. CBS Publishers and Distributors. Corol. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species. McGraw Hill Publishing Company. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity. Boulder. 2.

4. it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor. The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines. availability of the faculty and other facilities. that: 1. 5.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme. the Committee agreed on the following principles. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization. 2. 3. The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. 50 . The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science. The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions.

12. 24. 10. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. 22. 16. 25. 7. 6. Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. 23. 13. 9. 11. 12. 2. 14. 3. 10. 11. 8. 5. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 . 9. 8. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 26. 7.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1. 4. 17. 5. 19. 2. 4. 20. 3. The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. 15. 6. 18. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. 21.

1994.1991. technology and resource use. Money.F.E. Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management. S. 2. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space.. 4. Khan K. Environmental control Policies. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan. Instruments and methods. Treaties. Recommended Books: 1. London. 3. 2. 52 . GOP and IUCN. status of Terrestrial. Carrying capacity and sustainable development. Amsterdam. and Bell. D. S. WCS. Geography of Pakistan. S. Relationship of culture. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences. 2nd Edition.T... Islamabad. Environment People and Economy. development of concepts. NCS. Conservation Strategies. 1987. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. F.1994. London Black Stone Press Ltd. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan. Oxford University Press. Regional and International Environmental Issues.DETAILS OF M. Mackenzie J. Ball. Oxford University Press. Conventions and Protocols in Global.A. FURTHER READINGS 1. and Jorqensen. Karachi. Mackenzie. Hansen. Elsevier. 1991.S.1995. P. Provincial and Local Strategies. Hodder and Stoughton.E. 3. COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management. 1992. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan.. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling. Draft National Environmental Policy..

Sectoral guidelines for EIA. Environmental and Social Impact assessment. Cost benefit analysis of projects. 1993. social impact assessment. 3. D. Wastewater. Recommended Books: 1. UK. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. Ed. Ministry of Environment. John Wiley & Sons. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. DC. procedures and methods of EIA. 1995. economic impact assessment. F & Bronstein. Air and Solid Waste. Washington. A one Publishers Lahore. Ahmed. ecological impact assessment. 2. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review).COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction. 53 . England. Recommended Books: 1. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. process. ed. Chichester. Greenberg (American Public Health Association).A. sample collection and preservation.Vanclay. sampling rules. opportunities and issues. Burnt Hill. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. World Bank. 1995. Case Studies and review. K. Longman Scientific and Technical. role and importance. Demographic impact assessment. Wood. Environment Department. WB. A. Environmental auditing. Government of Pakistan. 2. Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements. History. FURTHER READINGS 1. Principles of physical. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery. Environmental Chemical Analysis. Assessment of environmental impacts. C. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment. Gas Chromatography etc.. Harlow Essex. Longman House.

Wiley Interscience. development objectives.. UK. 4. Project Initiation. A. 1992. T. 1st Ed. Primary health care services.COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project.. Government Policies and Programs. New York. Project Management: A Managerial Approach. M/S Banarsid.. Defining Project objectives.. L.. 2. Reasons for Project success or failure. 1997. 2nd Ed. Basic Environmental Health. Kjelllström. Environmental Health Engineering. food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. A Guide to Project Management. safety techniques. means of verification. T. Project Planning and Approval Processes. Public health concept. 3. MS Project Recommended Books: 1. Prentice Hall International Inc. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic. Project Life Cycle. communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne. Lippmann. Mantel s. economic evaluation. Writing Project Proposal. principles and practices. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems. Meredith J. Planning Commission Performas. 2. Recommended Books: 1. 1st ed. London. feasibility study.. specific objectives.. Need identification. J. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. Park. de Kok. Accident prevention and safety plans. T.. USA. 5. John Wiley and Sons. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. Caeneross. R. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). Project Management Institute. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. Oxford University Press New York. 1998. USA. Nebel. and Wright. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. outputs. Project Planning. activities. work breakdown structure. indicators.2000. assumptions. prevention and control. 2002.. K. M. Van Nostrand and Reinhold. Occupational Health: problems and issues. 2001. Inc. B. Yassi. 1st Ed. inputs. 1993. R. and Guidotti. Resource Mobilization. Ergonomic and Safety. J. T. 54 . S. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. air borne.

petroleum. bio-energy resources. Related Environmental regulations. energy resources. Recommended Books: 1. John Wiley and Sons. ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family. 3. McKinney. St Luise Press. 6th Edition. Environmental auditing. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. Paris. M. 2007. L. Michigan-January 2001. industry and domestic sectors. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. Principles of cleaner production. Environmental Auditing. alternate energy resources.B and Keller. 4. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor. Sayre. sustainable energy management for agriculture. D. OECD/IEA. nuclear) local. Switzerland.A. ISO Central Secretariat. 2. Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. 2001. merits and demerits of wind. gas. 2007. 2. 1998.COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. Schoch. 55 . 3. non-renewable and renewable. R. 1990b. transport. hydropower.M. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. Botkin. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management.. Sources of data. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. and Yonavjak. D.L. uses. data collection and interpretation. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. Paris. Recommended Books: 1. E. 4th Edition. energy resources of Pakistan. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. solar. USA. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms. types. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal. principles and elements of the process of EMS.

Vegetation Ecology Ed. 2005. Maarel. 5. ECOPE 29.. 2. J. 2005. Chichester. Climate Change . Beck. 2005. The Green House Effect. D. water resources.COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. ED. J.T. & Charlesworth. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. and Solutions. climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. Recommended Books: 1. 3. forests. etc. Climate Change and Ecosystems. Oxford UK. Earthscan Publication Ltd. 2003. types and their climatic effects. management and restoration. UK. Introduction to Plant Population Biology. 3. T. 4. Hardy. Hardy. Silvertown. E. COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach.D. Effects. (Ed. resources and plants. Springer. D. London. Modeling of climate change. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Recommended Books: 1. E & Muller-Hohenstein. plant invasions. Blackwell Publishing. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. types of climate change models..Causes. UK 1991. 1st Edition. Blackwell Publishing. 2004. Climate Change . vegetation dynamics. Effects. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. Oxford. Warrick. Plant population dynamics. B & Jager. 2005. 56 . 2003. Species richness. Plant Ecology. survival and extinction. Life history strategies of plants.Causes. John Wiley & Sons. J. K. 1. human activities and vegetation dynamics. plant conservation. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics. geographical and temporal patterns. Green House Gases. Climate change and food production. and Solutions. John Wiley & Sons. Houghton. Shulze. Berlin. competition and coexistence. John Wiley & Sons.). global aspects of plant ecology. 2.

London. 2. 3. distribution. their types and role in conservation. distribution and management. kinds. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity. Roberts. Oxford University Press. 57 . 2004. T. Sinauer Assocaites. J. 2002. types. Primack. Rangeland management. Sustainable forest management. Wildlife of Pakistan. Principles of Wildlife Management. Mcmillan. Global and national biodiversity. Cambridge.J. T. John Wiley And Sons. & Spicer.L. Essentials of Conservation Biology. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity. Oxford University Press. UK. Recommended Books: 1. management. its causes. Loss of biodiversity. Oxford University Press.(2nd Ed. 5. 1973 2. Forests. deforestation and its control. Establishment and management of protected areas.A. Consumptive. R. Protected areas. E. Oxford. 1986. Bailey. Protected areas in Pakistan.) Gaston. their importance. Forest plantations. I). And Bolen. 3. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali. Oxford. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management. threats and conservation. USA. problems and solutions. S. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. Roberts. Conserving Living Natural Resources.COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction. 2002. distribution. Recommended Books: 1. Wetlands. FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. 4. Participatory forest management. Inc. Status of forests in Pakistan. B. Publishers Sunderland. Cambridge. Cambridge University Press. Weddell. & Ripley. Biodiversity: An introduction. S. their ecological and economic importance. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. Blackwell Publsihing. Extinction of species.B. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. status.J.G.J. Robinson. W. Wildlife Ecology and Management. habitats and ecosystems. types. 1992. COURSE 11 WILDLIFE. Threatened animals and plants. K.D. Oxford. 1998. UK. 1984. J. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan. II). biological diversity. Protection and restoration of species.J. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation.

Urban land use planning and management. 3. 1986. A. Government of Pakistan. S. London. sanitation.and Maser. management of transport. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. V. J. urban systems and their characteristics. urban landscape characteristics. Introducing Town Planning. H. CRC Press LLC. urban political ecology. Longman Group. drinking water and solid waste in cities. 2000. Penguin Group. 2. Silberstein. Forms of urbanization. Sustainable cities.. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. E&UA Div. 2004.. 1993. G. 4. Ministry of Housing and Works. Recommended Books: 1.. New York. Planning and Urban Change. 2007. Ward. The Works: Anatomy of a City. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages. USA. C.COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction. UK. Urban planning and management in Pakistan. Environmental problems of urban life. Clara. future of urban centers. UK. SAGE Publications Ltd. 58 . USA. urbanization in Pakistan.. Islamabad. Kate.

Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. Oxford University Press.J. Practical English Grammar by A.Annexure .V. ISBN 0194313492 59 . clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1. Martinet. a) Functional English Grammar 1. Thomson and A. Exercises 1.A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. 1997. Third edition.

Reading/Comprehension 1. Third Impression 1992. Reading.J. Thomson and A. Fourth Impression 1993. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 . ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41.V. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. Upper Intermediate. Martinet. Third edition. 1997. intensive and extensive. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. minutes of meetings. Writing. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. b) Practical English Grammar by A. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. Oxford University Press. Oxford Supplementary Skills.2. Exercises 2. and speed reading.

2. Third edition. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. discursive. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. descriptive and argumentative writing). ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Advanced. Exercises 2. Oxford Supplementary Skills. c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. Reading 1. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis.V. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. Third Impression 1992. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. Oxford Supplementary Skills. clarity. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. Third Impression 1991. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. Writing. Reading. Writing. b) Writing 1. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3.1. form. language. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. Fourth Impression 1992. content. Martinet. Fourth Impression 1993. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Writing. Oxford University Press 1986. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 . narrative.J. Thomson and A. Oxford Supplementary Skills. introduction to presentations. 2. Advanced by Ron White. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. Practical English Grammar by A. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet.

2. 3. without taxing the taste of engineering students).(particularly suitable for discursive. argumentative and report writing). 62 . A Custom Publication. descriptive. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. St. Compiled by norther Illinois University. College Writing Skills by John Langan. Martin’s Press. 2004. Kirszner and Stephen R. Kathleen Shine Cain. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. Mandell. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education.

government. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. 4. 2000. 1988-99 f. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. Muslim advent iii. S. 1999 onward 3. S. ideological background of Pakistan. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki.M. 63 Books Recommended 1. 1958-71 c. Zaidi. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. Study the process of governance. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. 1971-77 d. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. b. Safdar. politics. 3. Shahid Javed. 1947-58 b. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy.Annexure . Lahore. Mehmood. . national development. Location and geo-physical features. 2.B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. Indus Civilization ii. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. Ethnicity d. Society and social structure c. 1977-88 e. Akbar. State & Society in Pakistan. Economic institutions and issues b. 1993. Course Outline 1. Contemporary Pakistan a. contemporary Pakistan. 1994. 2. Historical Perspective a. People and Land i. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. Karachi: Oxford University Press.

Khalid Bin. 7. 12. Vol.. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Rafique. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. 6. Washington: American Enterprise. Lawrence. Karachi: Royal Book Company. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. Zahid. Islamabad. 9. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. 13. 14. Party. 1993. 1998. History & Culture of Sindh. Noor ul. Enigma of Political Development. Lahore: Vanguard.K. Politics in Pakistan. The Political System of Pakistan. Muhammad Waseem. Institute of Public Policy Research. Club Road. Safdar. Tahir. Wayne. Pakistan Under Martial Law. 1967. Afzal. Haq. 64 . Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd.5. Ansar. I. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. K. 1972. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. Wilcox.The Emergence of Banglades. 10. 8. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Amin. Political Parties in Pakistan. Sayeed. 1987.National Movement in Pakistan. Aziz. Ethno . Mehmood. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia. M. 1976. nd. Ziring. 11. 1980. 1980. II & III.

A.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.A. 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.Tadabar (Verse No1.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.57.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S. Related to thinking. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.58.Annexure .C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.A.19.6.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 .

in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt.

“An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. Pakistan. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. IRI.S. International Islamic University. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. Ahmad Hasan.” Hussain Hamid Hassan. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. Islamabad (2001) 67 . “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. “Studies in Islamic Law.3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Emergence of Islam” . Bhatia. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi.

determinants. types.Annexure . Matrices: Introduction to matrices. geometric progression. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. matrix inverse. set operations. functions. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP.D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. 1987. harmonic progression. PWS-Kent Company. PWS-Kent Company. Houghton & Mifflin. College Algebra and Trigonometry. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. 1986. complex numbers. Wooton W. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. Sharron S. equations reducible to quadratic equations. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. Beckenback EF. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. Cramer’s rule. Boston 68 . not majoring in mathematics. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. introduction to sets. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Boston Swokowski EW. 1978. system of linear equations. types of functions. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. trigonometric identities. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). cube roots of unity.

change of variables in indefinite integrals. rational and transcendental functions. derivatives. functions and their graphs. Recommended Books: Anton H. Finney AR. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. various forms of equation of a line. 1983. New York Stewart J. Boston Thomas GB. solution of equations involving absolute values. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. left-hand and right-hand limits. inequalities. Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. integration by substitution. Addison-Wesley. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). continuity. 2005. John Wiley. continuous functions. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. not majoring in mathematics. slope of a line. Bevens I. angle between two lines. equation of a line. 69 . 1995. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. parallel and perpendicular lines. Calculus (3rd edition). MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Ma. integration by parts. distance between two points. not majoring in mathematics. intersection of two lines. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. Reading. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. 2005. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. distance between a point and a line. USA 3. Calculus (11th edition). PWS-Kent Company.2. Davis S. differentiation of polynomial.

PWS-Kent Company. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. types of matrices. circles determined by various conditions.Circle: Equation of a circle. inverse of matrices. 1986. Boston Swokowski EW. ellipse. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. 70 . : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. 1969 Kaufmann JE. PWS-Kent Company. system of linear equations. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. Conic Sections: Parabola. : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. functions. hyperbola. • Contents 1. equations reducible to quadratic equations. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). intersection of lines and circles. Scott. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. Introduction to sets. Freshman and Company. Boston 4. types of functions. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). nature of roots of quadratic equations. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. set operations. locus of a point in various conditions. Analytic Geometry. Cramer’s rule. determinants. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. College Algebra and Trigonometry. 1987.

Walpole. 5. E. 2. 3. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. array. R. Swokowski. characteristics of statistics. E. standard deviation. 71 . Books Recommended: 1. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’... E. relationship of statistics with social science. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. variance. Latest Edition. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. J. frequency polygon. skewness and kurtosis. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. quartiles. Graphs: Graph of straight line.geometric and harmonic progressions. bar frequency diagram histogram. PWS-Kent Company. deciles and percentiles. 4. Boston.. types of frequency series. discrete and continuous series. cumulative frequency curve. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. Latest Edition. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations.. Prentice Hall. ungrouped and grouped data. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. R. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. 2. Latest Edition. circle and trigonometric functions. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. Measures of dispersion: Range. Wilcox. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. tally sheet method. W. individual. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. moments. trigonometric identities. Kaufmann. R.

Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. theorems of differentiation. 1983. 2. 2005. Inc. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. 11th Edition. Extreme Values of Functions. the chain rule. Bevens. Trigonometric Functions. 4th edition. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. 6. I. 6. 2. et al. 2002. Swokowski. John H. Mathews. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. Hughes-Hallett. Continuous Functions. Rational Functions. Boston. plane polar coordinates. 3rd Edition. • Integration Integration from first principles. Inc. integral inequalities. Frank A. S. implicit differentiation. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus. H. Solution of equations involving absolute values. logarithmic integration. Anton. Equation of a Line. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . products. special points of a function. integration by inspection. substitution method. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. 8th edition. integration using partial fractions. Slope of a Line.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. Least-Squares Line. Integration by Parts. sinusoidal function. 3. Continuity. 5. Rational and Transcendental Functions. Schaum’s Outline Series. E.Jr. integration by parts. Davis. Second Edition 1992. John Wiley & Sons. Calculus. Calculus. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. Elliott Mendelson. McCallum. 2005. Thomas. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. reduction formulae. W. and Transcendental Functions. Recommended Books: 1. Prentice-Hall. Gleason. logarithmic differentiation. Leibnitz’ theorem. Inequalities. Calculus. Contents 1. quotients. Jhon Willey & Sons. the inverse of differentiation. Calculus Single and Multivariable. Addison Wesley publishing company. applications of integration. 4. 1999. infinite and improper integrals.

hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. the difference method. solving hyperbolic equations. approximation errors in Taylor series. finding the nth roots of unity. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. modulus and argument. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 .Additions and subtraction. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. arithmetico-geometric series. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. complex conjugate. inverses of hyperbolic functions. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. series involving natural numbers. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4. alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. geometric series. identities of hyperbolic functions. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. multiplication.

Hermitian. masses. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. point to plane.5. moments of inertia. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. vector product. of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 . some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. Pappus’ theorems. line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7. line to line. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. of a unitary matrix. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. symmetric and antisymmetric. 6. scalar triple product. orthogonal. Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. centers of mass and centroids. the inner product.

spherical polar coordinates 75 . curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. combinations of grad. divergence of a vector field.8.

The Mean Deviation. Quantiles.Annexure . Collection of primary and secondary data. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Historigram. Box and Whisker Plot. Statistical problem. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Data. Pie chart. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. Coefficient of variation. bias. Unit 7. Stem and Leaf Display. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Range. Probability and Probability Distributions. Unit 3. Types of frequency curves. 76 . sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Bar charts. Diagrams. Absolute and relative measures. Observations. Graphs and their Construction. sample design and sampling frame. Editing of Data. Unit 4. Exercises. Significant digits. Ogive for Discrete Variable. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Population. Change of origin and scale. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Discrete and continuous variables. Difference of means and proportions. Empirical Relation between Mean. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Moments and Moments ratios. sampling and non sampling errors. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Different types of Averages. probability and non-probability sampling. Exercises. sampling with and without replacement. The Mode. Exercises. Histogram. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Poisson and Normal Distribution. Type-I and Type-II errors. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Standardized variables. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. The Variance and standard deviation. acceptance and rejection regions. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Unit 5. Errors of measurement. Median and mode. Exercises. null and alternative hypothesis. properties of Good Average. definition of outliers and their detection. Exercises Unit 6. Presentation of Data Introduction. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. level of significance. Test statistics. Exercises. Exercises. Unit 2. The semi-Interquartile Range. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Rounding of a Number. Sources.

Coefficient of linear correlation. 77 . Testing of Hypothesis. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad.. its estimation and interpretation. Inc. Exercises Unit 10. cause and effect relationships. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. Unit 11. Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole. Macmillan Publishing Co. simple linear regression. New York. 2 Muhammad. examples. Correlation. 2005. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. R.. Contingency Tables.Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. Kitab Markaz. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. r and R2. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. 1982.Single Population Introduction. F.Unit 8. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. Exercises. 3rd Ed. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. Regression and Correlation Introduction. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. Exercises Unit 9. “Introduction to Statistics”. E.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful