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For BS MS
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………
6 12 14 50 51
50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses.). and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. D773/76-JEA (cur. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. It also aimed to give a basic. PROF.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. universities and other institutions of higher education. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. Lahore. DR. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees. dated December 4th 1976. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. and 36. degree awarding institutions. respective accreditation councils and stake holders. It is. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries.PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration. the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. R&D organizations. 2009 at the HEC Regional Center. the Federal Government vide notification No. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 . revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge. 63. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976. therefore. The world has turned into a global village. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee.ALTAF ALI G. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic.
PREP. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREP. OF FINAL CURRI. Preparation 5 . Abbreviations Used: NCRC. IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. REC. QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. OF CURRI. OF NCRC.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRI. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. LI R&D HEC Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I PREP. UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRI. EXP. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI. OF DRAFT BY NCRC REVIEW IMPLE. R&D. COL. UNI.
Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre. Rawalpindi Dr. Member 6 . Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr. Karachi from 28-30. Dr. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head. Member 4. Lahore Member 6. Following attended the meeting:1. Dr. Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. Rawalpindi Dr. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. 7. Member 5. Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. Dr. Member 3. Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2.
Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. Karachi Member 12. Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof. Dr. Dr. 7 . Dr. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr. Prof. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9. 13. Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. Member 15. Prof. Dr. Member 10.8. Dr. Member 16. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi. Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof. Member 14. Member 11. Dr. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr.
Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. Karachi. 1. Secretary Dr. Dr. Faisalabad Member 18. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. Islamabad coordinated the meeting. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. Shafiq-ur-Rehman. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr. the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. Mr. Mr. 8 . The meeting was opened by Mr. Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. Dr.17. Chairman. The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. Member 19. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society. At first. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. 2. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. Member 20. Director of HEC Regional Center. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement.
well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. 2. Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 .3. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development. The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. 3. Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population. In last few centuries. 4. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses. 1. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity. 6. The committee thanked Mr. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development. The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. 5. The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities.
Apply theoretical understanding. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. skills and behaviour patterns. Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems. ii. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science. regional and global contexts. 5. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 . RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility. This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development. This committee. in its preliminary meeting. and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems.
The 11 . 5. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. Integrating natural sciences. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F. Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature. The medium of instruction. 6. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level. eight semesters in the semester system. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science. skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes. with consensus. assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science. that: 1.. UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles. pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme. 4. Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3. The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2. DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals. Sc. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration. 3. 2. A.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English. 1.e.
SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7. Psychology* . Environmental Chemistry 15. English-I 6. The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order. Introduction to Earth Science 8. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5. Environmental Microbiology 21. Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13. Climatology* 23. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. Biology –I* 3. Basic Chemistry* 4. Environmental Physics 16. Introduction to Environmental Science 2.proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. Biology –II* 9. Introduction to Computer 14. Sociology/Anthropology* 11. Fundamentals of Ecology 20. Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19. English-III 18. Introductory Economics* 17. Environmental Pollution 22. English-II 12.
ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37. Environmental toxicology 27. Opt. 44. Climate Change 38. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. 45. 46. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28. Environmental Management Systems 34. ELECTIVE-III 42. Applied Ecology 26. Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours .24. Environmental Impact Assessment 39. Research Methods in Environmental Science 41. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31. Environmental Economics 29. Biodiversity & Conservation 35. Environmental Biotechnology 32. Natural Resource Management 40. English-IV/ Univ. Environmental Monitoring 36. ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30. Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25.
• Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical.
John Wiley & Sons. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society. R. 2007.. Miller. 15 .L.T. L. regional. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future. current global. lipids. D. Botkin. B. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Thomson Learning. philosophical. Human environment and its problems: global. development in industry and agriculture.I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life. 6th Ed. 2007.B & Keller. ecological. Recommended Books: 1.A. biological and social. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development. G. and their relationships with various environmental factors. Pearson Educational. socio-economic. & Nebel. history. poverty and resource depletion. Environmental Science: working with the Earth. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY . its importance in human life. Schoch. 4th Ed. McKinney. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates. proteins and nucleic acids. 10th Ed.DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment. 4. Different aspects of environment: physical. M. urbanization.. 2. R. E. The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms. ethical. & Yonavjak. 2007 3.M. national. Environmental Science: systems and solutions. environmental pollution. Wright.J. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth. Major components of environment: physico-chemical. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. 2002.
carbonyls. Study of mitosis in onion root tip. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding. Cell division. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. Canada. E. covalent. polypeptides in protein diversity. Self Assessment and Revie. Origin of life: chemical evolution. Cells. USA. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods. G. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. coordinate covalent bond. M. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. R. 5th Edetion. 4.. The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. Ltd. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. Nucleic acids. chemical diversity. proteins. N. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. and Whitelaw. J. USA. Molecular Biology through Questions. 2008. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals. 1. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions. lipids. carboxylic acids.Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life. L. 2007. USA. Starr. 2007.. Lingappa. the molecule of genetic information and replication. Lewis. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations. D. Plopper. phospholipids in membrane systems.. origin of metabolism. Structure and the basis of function. The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. esters. Crossley. 2003. C. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning. Introduction to cell biology. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa. Aromatic compounds. A. Australia . R. Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell.. V. protobionts. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. amines).Hill International Edition.. 1996. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus. lipids. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. 8th Ed. 3. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Shier. Bulter. New York. Biology: a Human Emphasis. 5. Ionic. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. B. chemical basis of life. Cassimeris. and Lewis. 16 . carbohydrates. McGraw. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology. 2. Wadsworth Group.
and Reid. Understanding Environmental Pollution. USA. Thomson and Brooks.. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations). normal solutions/buffers. Andrews. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. 2004. 2004.D. P. real line. Hill. graphs. 4. B. Column chromatography. 2nd Edition.A. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. radicals.K. 2005. 2nd Edition. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra. 6th Edition. concepts of six basic trigonometric functions. Binomial theorem (Simple applications).. geometric and harmonic sequence. law of Cosines. Sequence and series: Arithmetic. determinants.C. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. 2004.. 8th Edition. Brimblecombe. 2. Skoog. Matrices and Determinants: Matrix.. Osmosis and Dialysis. D. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional). Recommended Books: 1. EC and TDS in waste water. Solution chemistry. values of trigonometric functions.. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles. D. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. West. 5.ions. Liss. molal. coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane.E.M. angle-sum formula. Harris. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane.H. Jickells. expansion of determinants. and Holler. USA. Blackwell Science. Girard. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis.S. UK. J. 3.J. series and means... 17 . Cambridge University Press. equations of lines (linear equations). F.. W. P. Lab Work Preparation of molar. Thin layer chromatography. Use of spectrophotometric techniques. double angle formulas. Measurement of pH. straight line and related concepts. D. 1st Ed. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula. Algebra of matrices. COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences.Special Products (Binomial Expression). 2003. Jones and Barlett.. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Colloids chemistry. Freeman and Company. simultaneous equations and their solutions. Surface chemistry. T. M. Canada. Photochemical reactions.J. UK. J. Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers. minor and cofactor of a matrix.E.
Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. J. Scott Foresman and Company. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. D. 4.B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. irreducible quadratic factors. nonrepeated linear factors. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension. 3. COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure . Jr. theorems on differentiation (sum. Pacific Grove. 4th Ed. R. Integration: Formulas of integration. joints. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. Abraham. by parts integration (simple applications). New Delhi. Chatterjee. erosion and related landforms. composition and its internal structure. 18 . Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors. G. cleavages. K. Earth as a member of solar system. S. the processes of their formation. Introduction to sedimentary. age.A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure . Trignometry for College students. Chain rule. foliation. Analytical Geometry. 10th Ed. Addission. Thomas. theorem of integration. its origin. difference. Introduction to folds. weathering and erosion. Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography. 1999. Smith. mountain building. 2. lineation and unconformities. California.Cramer’s Rule...B. plate tectonics. product and quotient rules without derivations). igneous and metamorphic rocks. This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals. Recommended Books: 1. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. Weathering. Fossils and their significance. and Finney. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation. earthquakes. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions. L. different earth processes like mountain buildings. earthquakes and volcanoes. faults. Calculus and Analytical Geometry.Wesley. Introduction to rocks and minerals. Narosa Publishing House.
D. and Pun. COURSE 8 BIOLOGY . 9th Edition. 19 . 5th Edition. J. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants. Geological time chart with biodiversity.. examples of adjustments in varied environment. G. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis.II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution. Smith. Prentice Hall.Identification of rocks and minerals.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps. Brooks/Cole. Routledge. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat. E. Life in sea. population loss and decline. 5. Lutgens.. How Does Earth Work. modern concepts. consequences of losing biodiversity. Lamarckism. Use of brunton compass and GPS.. Recommended Books: 1. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification.. K. R. J. Lutgens. Geographical aspects of biodiversity. 11th Edition. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. Physical Geology and Process of Science. Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life. Prentice Hall: 2006.. Park. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation. and Monroe. Tarbuck. R. Tarbuck. 2007 3. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories. 2005. 4. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water. Field Study tour. Biodiversity of deserts. Darwinism. biodiversity crises. K. interactions among diversified life. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms. Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. and Tasa. G. F. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species. crucial for organisms’ sustainability. invasion of life on land. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. animals). multicellularity.. unicellularity. D. different classification systems. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity. Earth Science. A. measuring biodiversity. 2007 2. and Tasa. Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology. Foundations of Structural Biology. Biodiversity of hilly areas. E. F. Wicander. Prentice Hall. protocell formation. Biodiversity of canal. causes of extinction. 2004. molecular basis of biodiversity. J.... 3rd Edition.
The Biosphere. Use of environment for vested interest. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. 2. and Sustainable Living. Hannen. Inc. Environmental Risks and the Media. Consumption. Biology. Contemporary environmental status. Blackwell Science Ltd. power & hegemony. Conceptualizing environment. C. Townsend. Prospect Heights. New York: New York University Press. and Spicer. COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure . Tripartite nature of environment. 20 . (editor). 4. culture and society. IL:WavelandPress. globalization and environmental issues. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. Understanding the environment-human relationship. Routledge. Gaston. Walnut Creek. 2009. 3. UK. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology. Allan & Carter. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. Chronological. 2006. 2005. Perspective of human-environment evolution. Adam. Goals and expectations. J. 2000. L. 2001. K. Recommended Books: 1. CA: AltaMira Press. 2. Contemporary environment issues and debate. 2009.E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems..Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. Scope and application. Culture. Wadsworth Group. 2nd Edition. Inc. John Wiley and Sons. 5th Edition. I. Nora and Wilk. Starr. Crumley. New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. R. J. UK. P. 2003. (editors). I. a Human Emphasis. 3. K. The Ecology of global consumer culture. Bradbury.. C. UK. USA. 3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment.K. and concerns. Biodiversity (An Introduction).
Ms-Power Point. Long N. internet.London 1996. software packages. Ms-Excel. Ed. Kluwer Academic Publishers. system software. Selin. computer programs and basic applications. physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry. Courter.Microsoft office 2000. Introduction to MS-Word.C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components. 2003. COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure . Milton. K. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion. 21 .6th Ed.H. Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure . Marquis A. e-mail.. G. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered. Course Outlines Definition. Rutledge. 6.1999.5. as are their effects on the biosphere. Long l. Storage hardware. Hardware: Input Hardware. Ms-Access. Types and classification of computers. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere. output hardware. Software: Application software. 2.BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment. Local Area Network. Configurations. Operating system (Windows). processing hardware. Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures. Fundamentals of computer. Recommended Books: 1.. After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry.
T.D. Radioactivity and nuclear physics. Diffusion. Chemical reactions. Heat radiation and heat transfer... 5. Electromagnetic radiation. atmospheric and soil chemistry. Energy. Recommended Books: 1. Transport of pollutants.. J. and Reid. Blackwell Science. Ozone and UV light. Environmental Science. India. B.. 3. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts. Ibanez. Samir. Fundamentals of aquatic. Miller. 2. P. Basic acoustics. Turbulence. Reducing the transmission of sound. Thomson-Brooks. Hernandez-Esparza. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. Turbulent jets and plumes. COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter. Solids. its causes and adverse effects on environment. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer. C. 1999. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants. Particle physics. DoriaSerrano.. Fate of pollutants in environment. Energy conversion.E.Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry.. J. 1st Edition. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Equations of fluid dynamics. Brimblecombe. Banerji Prentice Hall of India.. Sound and Noise. Springer. interaction of light with matter. G. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light. USA.. and Singh. UK. M. trophic level. their sources and toxic actions.G. Liss. A. Entropy. photosynthesis. Girard. Environmental Chemistry. Ozone chemistry. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems. 2004.. Gaussian plumes in the air. 2004. Conversion of mass. Measurement and comparison of the 22 . Active control of sound. Solar spectrum. Environmental impact of various industries.E. K. Jones and Barlett. Human perceptions and noise criteria. P. Liquids and Gasses.S. J. Jickells. Global climate and climatic change. 2008. 2nd Edition. Germany... 2005. Canada. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light. Environmental Chemistry. M. 4. Andrews. Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics.J. Fregoso-Infante. Isotopes and radioactive decay.M.T. Nuclear energy. Turbulent diffusion.
2. and Resource allocation. Man environmental relationship. Pakistan economic context: National income. producer and community point of view. Yusuf. Course Outlines Introduction to economics. Measures for sustainable development. economic welfare and difference among all. USA.1998. Routledge. COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. 2001. Natural resources and the economy. Growth and Environment. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. economic growth and its measurement. Kentucky USA. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development. Recommended Books: 1.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. P. Sustainable development. World Bank Publications. Producer behavior. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. 2001. Guyot. USA. S. Environmental economics.. Todaro.Economic development. R. C. Recommended Books: 1. Environmental Physics. USA. Impact of economic activity on environment. economic growth. New York. Praxis publishing. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter. Field visit. 4. and Pandis. S. 23 . Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods. Economic functions of environment. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. H. Wesely Publishers. Smith. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. J. UK. Physics of the Environment and Climate. 3. 2008. E. poverty. 7th Ed. N. 2008. Economic management and environmental quality. concepts and measurement. 2. economic progress. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. Boeker. USA. and Van Grondelle. Seinfeld. 2006. Growth and development. interaction between ecology and economic management. Economic Development. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. Introductory Environmental Physics. G. M. John Wiley and Sons Inc. population and environmental quality.
Frodeman. Ecology. 2.3. Callicott.. temperature. COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure . Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. 4.A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems. Touchstone Books.V. A History of Western Philosophy. 24 . London. C. branches of ecology. ethics and ecology. Course Outlines Introduction. D. B. & Pierce. Introduction to ethical theory. Palgrave Macmillan. Russell.. SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology. 2009.. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy. M. 2007. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. water. World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. Swift.A. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy. population. 2008. England. species. J. B. B. role of light. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. and systems ecology. Portland 1967. the ethics of soil. WCIV7AA.. biogeography. Shogren. USA. Environmental philosophy and ethics. and White. USA. Economics. soil. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. R. DeVeer. 2002. Environmental Critics of agriculture. community and ecosystem. Recommended Books: 1. 4. 3. Kessinger Publishing. International Thomson Publishing. Ecosystem and its types. Farmington Hills. LLC. Natural philosophy. World Bank Publications. levels of ecological organization. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy. description of population. its fundamental concepts. N. 2008. community. Hanley. J. concepts and approaches.
Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. landscape ecology. ecological modeling. various concepts of community. 6th Ed. bacteria and eukarya. and Barett. Chapman. Microbial metabolism. productivity of different ecosystems. 1992. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. Fundamentals of Ecology. Dash. UK. C. and More. Microbiology of terrestrial environments. aero-microbiology and food microbiology. 2001 5. Cambridge University Press. J. Tata McGraw-Hill. 2004. 2. Ecology (principles and applications). with special emphasis on their environmental impact. community dynamics. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. landscape changes and their importance. M. Populations. distribution limits. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization.W. and S. M J. role and application of microorganisms in the environment. Lab Work 25 . Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. WCB/McGraw-Hill. Odum. habitat and niche. New Delhi. Biomes of the world. aquatic microbiology. population dynamics. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems. Concepts of Limiting factors. Population distribution and abundance. M C J 1st ed. G. After completion of this course. plant geography and animal distribution. Recommended Books 1.L and Reiss. 1999 4.Cox. C. Fundamentals of Ecology. N. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea. UK. biotic factors.) Moles. agricultural and industrial ecosystems. New York. Biogeochemical cycles of C. Ecology (concepts and applications. King’s College London. characteristics of urban. E P. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). 3.topography and air as ecological factors. J. 2000. 5th Ed. Systems ecology. COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment. P. Ecosystem: structure and function. 1st Ed. B. Thomson Brooks/Cole. students will be able to understand the significance.
A. Recommended Books 1. Weiner. Case Studies. 2009. F. 26 .Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection.G. D. Knudsen. USA.I. London. R. Fate of Environmental Pollutants. 2005. R. J. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution. 5. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual. Academic Press. Prentice Hall. Environmental Microbiology. Understanding Environmental Pollution. Hartel. Hurrst. isolation. 4.J. Cambridge UK. P. L.D. Prescott. 3.. peppor. Peiece.A. Effects of Pollutants. 2005. American Society for Microbiology. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal. J. Butterworth-Heinemann.. purification and preservation.V..P.L.P. New Jersey.L. C.. and Jeffery.K. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines.A. Pollution Control Strategies. Crawford.J... Soil. Solid Waste generation.P. Marine & Industrial pollution.. A. and Gerba. USA... nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution. its sources and their effects. 2. USA. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water. International Protocols (BASAL Convention).. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic.Gerba. P. D. Human & other living organisms. Academic Press. C. USA. 2007. UK. Recommended Books: 1. Environmental Pollution and Control. Sylvia.B. Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents. Microbiology. Washington DC. Collection. D. M. Water. Dilution plate technique. Academic Press. McGraw Hill Inc. 2005.F.and Brendecke. Cambridge University Press. 2nd Edition. Types of Environmental pollution: Air. G. (Elsevier) USA. J. Harley. Fuhrmann.. Manual of Environmental Microbiology. transportation & treatments.and Vesilaind.. and Zuberer. 2002. and Stetzenbach.R. Hill.. L. Pepper. 4th Edition.J. 1995.W. and Klein. Maier. Mean plate count. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution.M. I. M. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally. W.M. 2 Edition.C.L.J. 2. USA.1998. 3.J.M. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel. McInernery. Noise.
Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). K. .M.. processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. 2002. 3. air pressure. Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided. Radiation and climate. 1992. 5. concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems. Sadder. 2003. 6th Edition. 4. Surface winds. Methods of psychology. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. The Physics of Atmospheres. Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History. Cloud Classification. N. Royal book company. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology. A brief historical background and schools of psychology. Four Spheres of the Earth.W. John Wiley and Sons. John H. 2006 5. Mechanism of heat transfer. Heat and the Earth's atmosphere. The Atmosphere.2nd Editions. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere. Solar radiations.. Marcel Dekkar. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment. Climatology. The climate of Pakistan.. The Hydrologic cycle. 2. Factors affecting air Pressure. Lawrance K. The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan. COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences.From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. Recommended Books: 1. American Public Health Association (APHA). Houghton J. Cambridge University Press. Weather and Climate. Karachi. Tarbuck. Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere. Pandis. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications. Austin Miller.. global circulation. local winds. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics .E. condensation and cloud Formation. 1988. climatic zones of Pakistan.F.J. Shamshad. Lutgens. Spyros. Environmental psychology. A. 27 .K.4.
Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts. 5th Edition. energy and carbon balance. T. M. CRC Press. P. Sustainable livestock management practices. species response to pollutants. Water as an ecological resource.W.D. Fundamental of Psychology. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan. limitation of irrigated agriculture. 28 . Recommended Books: 1. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. Bell. London. High population density and psychological impacts. Future water scenario of Pakistan. Ecology of food production. 2. Ecological restoration. soil erosion and conservation. Eysenck. Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. soil resources of Pakistan. COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. London..C. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives.. solar radiation and primary production. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species.characteristics and research methods. 1992. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture. Environmental perception and cognition. rivers. and Baum A. Routledge. carbon dioxide and global climate change. Pollution control through Ecology. Routledge. techniques and methods of restoration. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. Water and distribution of species. Sustainable agricultural practices. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. Course Outline Introduction. Restoration of derelict lands. their management and ecological restoration. threats and mitigation. sustainable agriculture. soil salinity and water logging. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. CRC Press. concepts. 2001. Soil as a natural resource. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine. Greene. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Environmental Psychology. Fisher J. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. Background and scope.A.
and Barett. from natural and anthropogenic sources. K and Habib. biological effects. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms. Israr-ud-Din. Odum E. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system.A. Soil Science. COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals. Toxicity: Types and its measurement. Islamabad. 3. K. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. Fundamentals of Ecology. soil and air samples.S. Immunological considerations in toxicology. terminologies: Poisons. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic. Pakistan’s Environment. toxins vs toxicants.. A. Peshawar. Margaret A. Synergism. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. Island Press. 2000 2. 1989. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system.P. water and soil. 29 ..I. toxicity screening using microbial systems. and Hobbs. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures. G. Newman. 5. toxicology of chemicals. dose response relationship in living organisms. 2004. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management. Thomson Brooks/Cole.W. and Memon.. P.National Book Foundation. Foundations of Restoration Ecology. Determination of Interaction of chemicals. J. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water. Zedler. R.Recommended Books: 1. B. 4. their containment and control strategies. Lahore. D. Studies in Pakistan Geography. Shirkat Gah. Rashid. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals.1998. 2006. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. in vivo & in vitro assays. Mumtaz.. 1996. Blackwell Scientific Publications. Oxford. Chemical interactions and their types. Falk. J. 5th Edition. A. Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History. 2nd ed. on human and other living organisms. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. Potentiation and Addition. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications. toxins & toxicants. University of Peshawar. USA. Determination of chemicals in biological samples. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. Organs. E.
Course Outlines Introduction.).1 & 2. topographic zones. (ed. Macmillan Press Ltd. Hughes. Williams. the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements. Klassen. Course Outlines Introduction to history.Science of Poisons . industry. the economy and the environment. M. USA. education. P. 3.Recommended Books 1. water resources. First and Second law of Thermodynamics. B. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York.2005 2. land. measuring environmental benefits. T and Turner. Environmental Profile of Pakistan. 5th Edition. 1992. culture. Vol. health. economic development and the environment. USA. 2005 2. 3. W. the economic benefits of different environmental resources. Ecological: ecological zones. international trade and the environment. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology. 1st Edition. people. CRC Press Llc. 1993. Government of Pakistan. clean development mechanism. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement. State of the Environment-Pakistan . General and Applied Toxicology. USA.. geography. Ballantyne. economic aspects of different environmental problems. pollution control-a general model. major ecosystems. 1996. W.M. 1st Edition. Recommended Books 1. Economic: agriculture. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann.D. COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development. 1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development. Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. Recommended Books: 30 . McGrawhill. urbanization and pollution. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis.
Data interpretation for quality control.UK. D. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction. Holler. A.. USA.W. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Analytical techniques for soil. 1993. B. 2. Freeman & Co. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. J.K. Conductivitymetry. Titrimetery. Kolstad. preparation and storage. Use of Potentiometery. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve. 1999. Gravimetery. 4. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. Pearce. units. Fluoride. 2003. Conductivitymetry.. 3. I. NO3–N & NH4-N). 8th Edition. Environmental Economics: An Introduction. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling. Titrimetery. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery.2002.I.D. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples. Thomson and Brooks. water and plant analysis. Qualitative Chemical Analysis..K. COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. C. C. and derived S. handling.A. Gravimetery. Sample preservation methods. All Solids. Turner. 6th Edition.J.1. M. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive. and F. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin. soil (NPK and organic matter contents. 2.I. Harris. Reuter.. Sparrow and D. New York.L. Biomarkers in environmental assessment. L. Peverill. Environmental Economics. Recommended Books: 1. BOD.2004. Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory. Oxford. D.C. D. Oxford University Press. CSIRO Publ. M. Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH. Australia. K. Johns Hopkins University Press.. D. Standard solutions and standard curves.R. Spectroscopy and Chromatography. precision and accuracy. West. salinity & sodicity). Skoog. 31 . and Batemen. Collingwood. 2005.. COD.and Field. Sample collection. Lab Work S. 3. Field. 2000.
5th Ed.. J. Sambrook. and Josef. J. Recombinant DNA technology. New York.1999.COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments. Environmental Biotechnology. A.W. Oxford University Press. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual.living organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns. Isolation. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms. Biomarkers. 2005. COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 .. Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants. Hans- Joachim. Wiley-VCH Verlag. Germany. Chichoster. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment. England.). W. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. Biosensor. Course Outlines Introduction.E. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures. J. Cambridge University Press. and application of biotechnology in the environment. students will be able to understand the significance. D. USA.P. National Biotechnology Commission. 2005. 2007. After completion of this course. 4. Scragg. Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques. 2001. (ed. Tools in environmental biotechnology. 3. Recommended Books 1. Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems. Derbre. purification and preservation of DNA. USA. 2. Smith. and Russel. 2nd Ed. Introduction to microbial kinetics. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques. USA. 2009. New York. PCR.D. Government of Pakistan. Biotechnology. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd. National Biosafety Guidelines. Bioreactors.
Image Processing. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. V. John Wiley and Sons. R. K and L. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. 1999. Pearsons Education. Agriculture. history and platforms. History and data collection. Jensen. Campbell. Harvey. Rancez. 2000. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1. Active and Passive remote sensing. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission. 2. Cartography. John Wiley and Sons. Aerial photography. 2009. Dessinov. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. Introduction to GIS. Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. Data entry and output. Introduction to Photogrammetry. A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. Forestry. eradication of the duplicated data.Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. Using and reading GPS in field. Data acquisition. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. Inc. Preparation of thematic maps. Guilfoud press New York. Inc. 3. 5. advantages and limitations of process. F. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. Energy Sources. Mc Graw Hill Education. 2008. Different types of maps. Satellite Imageries. Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. Interpretation. analysis and output. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). A. Fishery and wildlife. Lulla. 4. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. Types of data used in GIS. map projection and coordinate systems. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. integration of information from many sources. Inc. Z. 2000.
3. Certification of EMS.). Environmental aspects and impacts. standards and guidelines. animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan. social and ethical values of biodiversity. 2005. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management. Course Outlines Introduction. 2001. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. Systems and Support Techniques. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS). and Qasim. 2.2nd Ed. Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles. M. 2006. COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. WWF Pakistan. threats to biodiversity and its conservation. Environmental Economy. Environmental Management Systems Principles. Khan..C.3rd Edition . Sheldon. International Organization for Standardization.. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. hot spots of biodiversity. F. economic. Environmental Management tools. Methods of environmental protection. and Yoxon. threats to biodiversity. plant. Michigan. Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor. philosophical. 34 . Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Related Environmental legislation. eco-design. cleaner technologies. ecological. Conservation of biodiversity. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. American Society for Quality. Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1.This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits. types of biodiversity. 4. A. American Society for Quality. B.. etc. 1998. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production. need and approach. M. principles of Cleaner production. Environment and sustainable development. alpha and beta diversity.
B. Recommended Books: 1. Biogeography. quality control sampling. Lab Work Sampling techniques (air. and Morre. Conservation of wildlife. conservation in man-made ecosystems.B. Legal protection of species. EIA requirement. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing. croplands. role of traditional knowledge in conservation. Preservation methods including pH control. Mirza. Associates Inc. habitats. protected areas. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan. P. P. 2000.e. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes. role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. refrigeration and freezing methods.D. conservation and livelihood.. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques. Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures. sampling and design purposes. design and types of samples. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples. plants.. Publ. 2.conservation at species. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. Course Outlines Introduction. cities. 2000. Sinauer.. international agreements.B. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment. their categories. in-situ and ex-situ conservation. Lahore). Cox. water. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme. Rawalpindi. ecotourism. Considerations. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring. 3. C. 1998. forests.R. Quality assurance and quality control. chemical addition. air. 35 . conservation strategies. Saad Printers. management. Sunderland. Kings College. quality assessment. community and ecosystem level. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring. national and international laws and regulations. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. A Primer for Conservation Biology. field custody. laboratory custody. soil and living organisms. London. NOC for plant operation. population. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. 2ndEd. Z. presampling requirements/information.
2000.. and social factors contributing to climate and global change. extinctions. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention. phenological changes.Recommended Books: 1. 5. D. Keith. 2008. D. chemical. Energy and Temperature. agriculture. N. UK.1999. Chuviero. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts. Patterns in Winds and Pressure. Manahan. E. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. Moisture in the Atmosphere. Earth Observation of Global Change. Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate. S. biological..) McGraw-Hill. and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. F. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. and Guethner. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide. USA. USA. Ozone depletion. 7. Korte. COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change. Regional droughts and 36 . 2002. Precipitation. Peakall. regional.1996. S. 8. 2008. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data. The Measurement of Climate Change. USA. its causes and effects. 2nd Edition. 3. Physical.USA. altered community structure. Murai. (eds. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. Environmental Chemistry. Human responses to potential climate change. 6. Burden. H. L. Forstner U. 1992. Chapman and Hall. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course. Remote Sensing Note. Air Pollution and Acid Rain. . Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. 2. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. E. Japan Association on Remote Sensing. 2002. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. I. Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change. R. McKlivie. Tokyo. human health. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. Recent Climate Change Indicators. New York. Lewis Publisher London. (ed) Springer.
Oxford.Causes. and Chadwick. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. Islamabad. Effects. 1986. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. Sringer. COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project. screening. Houghton. 2000. Types & Resources to produce Energy. Climate Change . 37 . principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society. A. Keith. National Book Foundation.O. and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction. Harrop. role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis. 1st Edition. law.. 6. Therivel. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels. T. 3. & Nixon. Main stages in EIA process. Routledge. Global Warming and Climate Change. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. John Wiley & Sons. reporting.. 1999.. 4. decision-making to implement the project. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. Global Change and the earth system. Hardy. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. Glasson... impact analysis. Climate Change . EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan. Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts. liquid. and noise. J. 3.. Recommended Books: 1. 2. A.cataclysmic climate change. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. and Solutions. J. 2003. social impact assessment (SIA). Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2). solids. mitigation and impact management. Blackwell. Effects.A. Petts. scoping. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice. Ministry of Housing and Works. D. 2004. Cost and benefits of EIA. 1994.(ed).T. R. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan. Earthscan Publication Ltd.). and Solutions. 2005. (ed. overview. public involvement.. Recommended Books: 1. Hardy. review of EIA quality. 2005. John Wiley & Sons. 2003. 5. J. J. 4. London. Islamabad. 2. 2005. J.Causes. project implementation and follow up. London. EIA project management. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems.
effective management. management options. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level. solar power. Sadler. & McCabe. COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification. Ludwig. Watershed management: Importance basic principles. agriculture chemicals. (ed. 38 . reasons for its decline and its possible remedies. S. USA. 2nd Edition. importance. M. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level. problem in agriculture. Evans. 1997. Conservation in Progress. Asian Development Bank.. Rangeland Management: existing status. B. national and provincial legislation. EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual. and Tu. 2002. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources. national example. J. national agriculture policy. New York. threats. B. existing management approaches. requirement. methodologies. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. threat and its causes.. Recommended Books: 1.5.. F. 6. forest types and its existing management. United Nations Environment Programme. Carpenter. A. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy. limitation in the future. wind power and nuclear power.. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. Goldsmith. R. causes and methods for its improvement. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources..B and Warren.. Lohani.. Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. John Willey & Sons. their current status and threats. Everitt. H. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. management options. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area. Types. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan. best available option for future. 1993.). occurrence and distribution of natural resources. process and contents of the management plan. Development of Management Plan: needs. their pros and cons. R. wildlife census. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. agriculture products and their share in GDP.
3. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. 1984. types of sampling design/. Surveys. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data. Questionnaire.L. Elsevier. Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison). It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice.1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study. & Plano Clark. and Jorqensen. Review of Literature. Inference based on findings. Islamabad. USA. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). 1992.A pre-requisite for Research. population and sampling frames. Dasmann. Creswell. Search Engines.2.. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1. Sage CA. R. research methods. J. 1990. Sampling: the logic of sampling. P. 2007. New York. Selecting the Research Method. concepts and terminologies. How to put things together? Introduction. GOP and IUCN. Hansen. Thousand Oaks. Bibliography. Methodology. S.Amsterdam.F. and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research. Experimental Research. Scientific Research: Science. Research Proposal: its importance . to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically.E. V. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. to introduce students to research design. Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf. London. Material Methods.E. W. Scientific Methods. Review of Literature. Objectives. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design. Case Studies. 5. Interviews. Literature Search: Database. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods. Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. 4. 39 . Environmental Conservation. Research Design & Research Methods. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem. John Wiley & Sons.
1989.USA. 2001. and Arhonditsis. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development.. 2003. National Environmental Policy 4. 2003. 1997. Booth. M. National Conservation Strategy 5. The Craft of Research by Wayne C. 2nd Edition. 2001 and the rules of business made there under.Batty. 3rd Edition. Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation. Government of Pakistan 3.2. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. SNBP Local Government Ordinance. England. Recommended Books: 1. Qadar.h. E.. Survey Research Methods. John and sons Ltd. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 . 1997. 5. Wadsworth Publishing Company. of Chicago Press.. regulations made there under. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan. Babbie. 4. Writing Science Through Critical Thinking. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act. Robert Yin. Univ. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan. 2. 3. Belmont California. 2008. Students project in Environmental Science. 2000. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans. Chichester. 6. G. Sage Publishers. R.. Law Books House. USA. Marilyn F.S. Diamon. S.Harrad. Moriarty. USA.
This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45
POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46
RESEARCH PROJECT/ INTERNSHIP
E-I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY
To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,
5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.
J. Mirajuddin Publication . Bengali. K. Briscoe. 2005. fisheries management. and Tortajada. 5. flood and droughts. and Malik. hydrological cycle. Groundwater Resources of Pakistan. like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. 2006. I.. precipitation distribution in Pakistan. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan. 6.. Indus Water Accord 1991. Cheema. pollution aspects. tubewells. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. flood and drought management. Oxford University Press New Delhi. (eds. R. water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan.. R. Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization.). C. Khan. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment. SDPI Oxford University Press.. Ahmed. Biswas.). N. Pakistan . Ahmed. 2003. 44 . Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. 1993. watershed/catchment. The Politics of Managing Water. Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant. Lahore. 3. Islamabad.. Islamabad. 4. virtual water. Mirajuddin Publication . A. groundwater exploitation.K.E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan. 2006. O. Asia Printer. improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency. 2. A. A. Pakistan. Recommended Books: 1. P.. climate change and its impacts on our future water resources.. Course Outlines Water resource and its management. water quality and quantity aspects. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry. Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia.Varis. and Qamar. wetlands resources management. it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects.Lahore. water supply and demand management measures. Revised & enlarged edition. U. N. Oxford University Press Karachi. integrated water resources management (IWRM). with drinking water facilities like springs. (ed.1993. recycling and re-use of wastewater. Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT).
Cation and anion exchange. USA. transport. Causes of urbanization. NJ. the salient features of urban environments. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization. future of urban centers. 2007. San Diego. Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils. and Bantel. Soil forming minerals.. Definition.E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions.T. Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. urban settlements. Urban ecosystem. 11th Edition.R. Soil degradation. Upper Saddle River. Upper Saddle River. Course Outlines Introduction.C. Prentice Hall. Gardiner. Miller. 1. Brady. Islamabad. soils. humans as components of urban ecosystems. National Book Foundation. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. 2007. urban landscapes characteristics.W. Hillel. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. Soil buffering capacity and its importance. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. After completion of this course. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations. E. R. Academic Press. 2008. Forms of urbanization. Bashir. Soils in Our Environment. R. management and green productivity. CA. D. urbanization in Pakistan. 45 . Factors and processes of soil formation. 1996. urban patterns and ecosystem functions. Process and outcome. D. Pakistan. Physical and chemical properties of soil. USA. residential mobility and the neighborhood change. Types and properties of parent materials. PrenticeHall. Urbanization. hydrological processes. NJ. N. and Weil. urban flora and fauna.. urban political ecology. USA. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. Course Outlines Introduction. Soil Science. R.
Principles of planning. UR. 2006. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city. M.. Planning and its relationship with other professions. Gilbert. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability. Silberstein. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level.. Hough. USA.S. Hague. Justification for planning for city management. Aims and Objectives of planning. Planning and Urban Change. Recommended Books: 1. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems. D. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment.Recommended Books: Urban Ecology. nature and purpose of urban planning. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation. 2009. City Design for Sustainable Development. 2000. London. Sukopp. 2. nd 2 Edition. 1989.. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. New York. Routledge. H. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area. J. V. Elements of urban planning. SAGE Publications Ltd. UK. 1. 4. The planning process. Types of Urban Plans. M. Scope.. Springer. C. Ward. 2. UK. The Ecology of Urban Habitats. A. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development.and Maser. The Works: Anatomy of a City. Planning theories and concepts. Land use planning theories.and Kowaril.1990. Hejny. London. Penguin Group. 46 . SBS academic publishing. CRC Press LLC. 2007. Smith. 5. 2004.L. New trends in planning and city management. S. E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments. S. UK. O. Kate. Alberti. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. I. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans.. Chapman and Hall. USA. 3. Levels of planning. Routledge. 2004.
Earthquake Management. 2. H.. Flooding. i. Recommended Books: 1. Flood Management: Organizational Role. R. Hazards. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. Islamabad. Paris. New York. Natural Disasters Alexander. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies. Government of Pakistan. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors.. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies. Disaster Management: Components of management. E&UA Div. Disaster as an opportunity for development. Manila. 1986.J. 1991. The Guilford Press. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N. Earthquake. Socio-economic factors.. D. Physical factors.. Political factors. Role of Media in Disaster Management. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms. ADB. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. Prediction. and Woodrow. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research. Westview Press. 1993. Introducing Town Planning. P.3. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches. Different approaches and Indicators. 3. and White G. International phenomenon. UK. 47 . New York. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made. 4. The Environment as Hazard Burton I. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies.W.. 4. 1993. 1989. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization. 1993.e.UNESCO. M. Kates.. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum. Disaster Management Trainings and Policies. 2nd Edition. Techniques and methods to assess hazard. Longman Group. Boulder . Natural cycles and their role.. Ministry of Housing and Works. It discusses a wide range of aspects.W. Chapman & Hall. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). G.B.F. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development. It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. Cultural factors.. Landslide. Clara.
C. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources. local.A. Ecological concept in crop and food production. sustainable energy management. and Yonavjak.. 2007. hydropower. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources. environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources. 2001. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers.B and Keller. E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment. USA. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America. Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem. Sustainable livestock management. energy resources of Pakistan. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals. 6th Edition. Botkin.H. L. R. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. 4th Edition. Paris. 1983. Course Outlines Energy-development and environment. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. McKinney. D. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem. 2007. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems. M. merits and demerits of wind.L. Disasters and Development Cuny. and Mushkatel. decomposers. biomass resources. solar. Westport. uses. John Wiley and Sons. 6. types.M. Farming practices for pests and weeds control. Consumer and producer relationship. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future.5. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources.W. Deforestation for agricultural purposes. A. 2. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation.. New York. consumers. Biotic structure. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life. 48 . Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. energy resources. F. alternate energy resources. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. E. 1. OECD/IEA. Quorum Books. Phytoremediation and bioremediation. Agroecology. Schoch. 1984. primary producers.. 3. Perry R.
Recommended Books: 1. Agrocology. India. 2. 1990. New York. 2000. Corol. Study of stratification and profile diagram. Yandermeer J. M.P. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity. McGraw Hill Publishing Company. C.H. Westview Press. E-11 Seminar 49 . R. and Sudha. USA. USA. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species. 3.. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture. Experimental Plant Ecology. and Rossel. Altreri. New Delhi. Kapur. CBS Publishers and Distributors. 1995. Boulder. P. Study of index of diversity.R.Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species.G.Determination of density and abundance of plant species.M.A.
The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science. 2. The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines. 3. 5. The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. the Committee agreed on the following principles. 4. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. 50 . availability of the faculty and other facilities. it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor. that: 1. The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions.
3. 26. The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. 19. 18. 25. 3. 11. 13. 17. 9. 11. 23. 10. 24. 2. 6. 12. 22. 15. 20. 2. 14. 6. 16. 7. 12. 10. 8. 21. 9. Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 . 4.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1. 4. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 7. 8. 5. 5.
The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future.E. Amsterdam. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems.1991.F. WCS. 52 . Regional and International Environmental Issues.. Draft National Environmental Policy. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan.. Carrying capacity and sustainable development. Instruments and methods. Mackenzie. GOP and IUCN. Money. 4. FURTHER READINGS 1.1994. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space. Relationship of culture.T. Environmental control Policies. D.. Treaties. Mackenzie J. F. Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management. P. 2. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling.1994.S. S. and Bell. COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management. Karachi. Conservation Strategies. technology and resource use. 3. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. and Jorqensen. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). development of concepts.DETAILS OF M. Islamabad. 3. Conventions and Protocols in Global. Hodder and Stoughton. Environment People and Economy. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall. S. S. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences. Oxford University Press. 2nd Edition.A. Elsevier.E. Provincial and Local Strategies. 1987. 1992. Geography of Pakistan. Ball.. London Black Stone Press Ltd. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment. 1991. London. Khan K. status of Terrestrial. Hansen.1995. 2. NCS. Recommended Books: 1.. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan. Oxford University Press.
Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. A one Publishers Lahore. D. Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Air and Solid Waste. Wood. UK. Government of Pakistan. England. social impact assessment. Environmental and Social Impact assessment.COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction. Recommended Books: 1. Ed. 53 . Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. Longman House. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). A. 2. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements. Recommended Books: 1. Burnt Hill. ed. C. Wastewater. Environment Department. economic impact assessment. Environmental auditing. 1995. 1995.. DC. sample collection and preservation. 1993. John Wiley & Sons. FURTHER READINGS 1. Gas Chromatography etc. procedures and methods of EIA. sampling rules. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. opportunities and issues. process.A. World Bank. F & Bronstein. COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. K. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. WB. History. Case Studies and review. 2. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). ecological impact assessment. Principles of physical.Vanclay. Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery. Ahmed. Washington. 3. Sectoral guidelines for EIA. Harlow Essex. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants. role and importance. Environmental Chemical Analysis. Chichester. Cost benefit analysis of projects. Demographic impact assessment. Assessment of environmental impacts. Longman Scientific and Technical. Ministry of Environment.
MS Project Recommended Books: 1. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. assumptions. activities. Wiley Interscience. Caeneross. Defining Project objectives. Van Nostrand and Reinhold. New York. 1st Ed... R. A. Meredith J. R. 2001. Project Planning and Approval Processes. Resource Mobilization. Basic Environmental Health. K. Inc. 5. indicators. 3. Yassi. Environmental Health Engineering. Project Management: A Managerial Approach. John Wiley and Sons. 1st ed. 1st Ed. 2nd Ed. T. de Kok. specific objectives. Project Life Cycle. UK. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. 1992. Government Policies and Programs.. Project Planning. T... L. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. Writing Project Proposal. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. Reasons for Project success or failure. prevention and control. feasibility study.. Need identification. 2. inputs.. 54 . work breakdown structure. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic. B. development objectives. 4. principles and practices. London. Recommended Books: 1. Ergonomic and Safety. safety techniques.COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. Nebel. economic evaluation. Mantel s. Project Management Institute. M/S Banarsid. Accident prevention and safety plans. Lippmann. Oxford University Press New York. Occupational Health: problems and issues.. 2002. Prentice Hall International Inc. M. J. outputs. 2. A Guide to Project Management. COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems. and Wright. 1997. communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne. USA. Planning Commission Performas. S. USA. means of verification. Park. Kjelllström. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). Primary health care services.. T. and Guidotti. T. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects).2000. food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. Public health concept. Project Initiation. 1998. air borne. J. 1993.
Related Environmental regulations. 55 . principles and elements of the process of EMS. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. sustainable energy management for agriculture. Botkin. Principles of cleaner production. 3. Sources of data. industry and domestic sectors. Michigan-January 2001.L. USA.A. Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. uses. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. data collection and interpretation. 2007. solar.. McKinney. energy resources of Pakistan. types. 2. bio-energy resources. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. alternate energy resources. Schoch. transport. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms. Environmental auditing.COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor. ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family. non-renewable and renewable. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal. E. John Wiley and Sons. 1990b. Sayre.M. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management. Switzerland. ISO Central Secretariat. 4. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. 2. Paris. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. energy resources. St Luise Press. Paris. Recommended Books: 1. petroleum. Recommended Books: 1. nuclear) local. D.B and Keller. M. 1998. merits and demerits of wind. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). 2001. 4th Edition. 2007. and Yonavjak. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). D. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. R. gas. Environmental Auditing. 6th Edition. hydropower. OECD/IEA. L. 3.
Blackwell Publishing. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. plant invasions. Chichester.. human activities and vegetation dynamics. 2003. resources and plants. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. 2005. COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. and Solutions. Climate Change . (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. 2003. Oxford.T. Houghton. water resources. J. 3. Recommended Books: 1. types of climate change models..Causes. competition and coexistence. 1st Edition.D. D. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics. Climate Change and Ecosystems. E. J. Berlin. 4. 2005. Climate Change . and Solutions. Effects. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. Vegetation Ecology Ed. types and their climatic effects.). Plant Ecology. climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture.Causes. The Green House Effect. London.COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. Warrick. 2. Oxford UK. Maarel. vegetation dynamics. UK 1991. & Charlesworth. Plant population dynamics. Beck. 2005. D. Hardy. Recommended Books: 1. John Wiley & Sons. John Wiley & Sons. 5. 3. global aspects of plant ecology. Springer. 2005. John Wiley & Sons. forests. survival and extinction. management and restoration. Blackwell Publishing. Green House Gases. Shulze. 1. Effects. T. Earthscan Publication Ltd. B & Jager. 56 . etc. UK. 2. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Modeling of climate change. geographical and temporal patterns. Life history strategies of plants. Hardy. E & Muller-Hohenstein. Species richness. (Ed. Introduction to Plant Population Biology. 2004. Silvertown. J. ED. K. Climate change and food production. plant conservation. ECOPE 29.
2002. & Spicer. UK. W. B.G. 57 . Oxford.) Gaston. Protected areas in Pakistan. R. 2004. types. Sustainable forest management. Threatened animals and plants. Essentials of Conservation Biology. Inc. status. 3. Protection and restoration of species. its causes. Wetlands. S. Sinauer Assocaites. threats and conservation. 1986. K. their ecological and economic importance.COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction. FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. 1973 2. Cambridge. 2. 2002. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity. London. 4. UK. Oxford University Press. Recommended Books: 1. types. S. Global and national biodiversity. USA. Mcmillan. Protected areas. distribution and management. J. Status of forests in Pakistan. Conserving Living Natural Resources.B. 1984. Cambridge. John Wiley And Sons. Roberts. Blackwell Publsihing. distribution. 5. Oxford. I).A. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. kinds. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan. Oxford University Press. & Ripley.D. 1992. Weddell. their importance. Loss of biodiversity. distribution. Forests.(2nd Ed. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol.J. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation. Biodiversity: An introduction. Roberts. 3. Bailey.J.L. Extinction of species. COURSE 11 WILDLIFE. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. II). Robinson. Wildlife Ecology and Management.J. habitats and ecosystems. Cambridge University Press. T. biological diversity. Wildlife of Pakistan. Rangeland management. deforestation and its control. Establishment and management of protected areas. Participatory forest management. E. their types and role in conservation.J. 1998. Forest plantations. Principles of Wildlife Management. problems and solutions. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali. Oxford University Press. Publishers Sunderland. T. management. J. Oxford. Primack. Recommended Books: 1. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity. Consumptive. And Bolen.
. 1986. Urban land use planning and management. future of urban centers. 2007. Longman Group. Introducing Town Planning. 2004. urban political ecology. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. The Works: Anatomy of a City. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages.and Maser. E&UA Div. CRC Press LLC.. urbanization in Pakistan. SAGE Publications Ltd. 1993. S. UK. Kate. Islamabad. Clara. Ministry of Housing and Works. management of transport. Ward. Sustainable cities. C. Recommended Books: 1. A. UK. drinking water and solid waste in cities. urban landscape characteristics. New York. Planning and Urban Change.. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. J.COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction. sanitation. 58 . Environmental problems of urban life. H. London. USA. Silberstein. Government of Pakistan. Urban planning and management in Pakistan. 2. 3. Forms of urbanization. Penguin Group. 4. 2000. G.. urban systems and their characteristics. USA. V.
1997. Practical English Grammar by A. Third edition.Annexure . Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1. Thomson and A. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. ISBN 0194313492 59 .V. Exercises 1. Martinet. Oxford University Press.J. a) Functional English Grammar 1.A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking.
unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. intensive and extensive. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Fourth Impression 1993. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. Reading. 1997. Martinet. b) Practical English Grammar by A. Third Impression 1992. Exercises 2. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Writing. minutes of meetings. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 . Reading/Comprehension 1. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good.J. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Third edition. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. Upper Intermediate.V. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. and speed reading.2. Thomson and A.
Oxford University Press 1986. 2. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. b) Writing 1. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. clarity.V. Martinet. Practical English Grammar by A. narrative. Writing.J. Exercises 2. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. Reading 1. Fourth Impression 1992. Oxford Supplementary Skills. introduction to presentations. Advanced. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). language. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. Reading. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. Third Impression 1991. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. content. Fourth Impression 1993. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 . Thomson and A. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Third Impression 1992. Writing. Third edition. descriptive and argumentative writing). 2. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. Writing. Oxford Supplementary Skills. form. discursive. Oxford Supplementary Skills.1. Advanced by Ron White.
College Writing Skills by John Langan. Martin’s Press. 3. argumentative and report writing). Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. 62 . Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. 2. Kirszner and Stephen R. Kathleen Shine Cain. 2004. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. descriptive.(particularly suitable for discursive. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. without taxing the taste of engineering students). Compiled by norther Illinois University. Mandell. A Custom Publication. St. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature.
Pakistan Political Roots & Development. 1994. Historical Perspective a. politics. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. 2000. Muslim advent iii. 1999 onward 3. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e.Annexure . Mehmood. Shahid Javed. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. S. 4. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. 2. contemporary Pakistan. People and Land i. 1947-58 b. Location and geo-physical features. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. 1977-88 e. ideological background of Pakistan.B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. 1971-77 d. Ethnicity d. Lahore. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Economic institutions and issues b. 63 Books Recommended 1. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. Society and social structure c. Indus Civilization ii. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. 1988-99 f.M. b. Zaidi. Study the process of governance. . Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. 2. Course Outline 1. 1993. national development. Contemporary Pakistan a. Akbar. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. Karachi: Oxford University Press. 3. government. S. 1958-71 c. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki. State & Society in Pakistan. Safdar.
Tahir.K. 6. Pakistan Under Martial Law. The Political System of Pakistan. Political Parties in Pakistan.National Movement in Pakistan. II & III. Rafique. Wayne. I. Amin. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Lahore: Vanguard. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. 1987.. Sayeed. 14. Wilcox. Islamabad. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. 12. Enigma of Political Development. 1980. Institute of Public Policy Research. 11. Safdar. Club Road. Aziz. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. Politics in Pakistan. Lawrence. Afzal. Haq. Ethno . Karachi: Royal Book Company. Muhammad Waseem. 1980. Khalid Bin. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. 1967. 1993. K. Party. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. 9. 7.5. 8. 1972. Mehmood. Ziring. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia. M. Vol. History & Culture of Sindh. 1976. nd. 13. 64 .The Emergence of Banglades. Zahid. 10. Washington: American Enterprise. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. 1998. Noor ul. Ansar.
A.Tadabar (Verse No1.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.A.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.19. 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.A.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.126.96.36.199-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.A.21.20) Related to thinking.6.58.Annexure .W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 .W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.
3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt. in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .
“Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. IRI.” Hussain Hamid Hassan. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Emergence of Islam” . Pakistan. Bhatia. Islamabad (2001) 67 . “Studies in Islamic Law. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute.S. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi.3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. International Islamic University. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. Ahmad Hasan.
Boston 68 . harmonic progression.D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. Beckenback EF. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. PWS-Kent Company. not majoring in mathematics. system of linear equations. cube roots of unity. Boston Swokowski EW. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. 1987.Annexure . Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. complex numbers. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. 1978. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. introduction to sets. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. equations reducible to quadratic equations. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. 1986. types. College Algebra and Trigonometry. geometric progression. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. types of functions. PWS-Kent Company. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. functions. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. trigonometric identities. matrix inverse. determinants. set operations. Cramer’s rule. Wooton W. Sharron S. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. Houghton & Mifflin.
Calculus (11th edition). equation of a line. change of variables in indefinite integrals. John Wiley. rational and transcendental functions. solution of equations involving absolute values. distance between a point and a line. parallel and perpendicular lines. various forms of equation of a line. integration by substitution. integration by parts. USA 3. Bevens I. differentiation of polynomial. Boston Thomas GB. Addison-Wesley. Recommended Books: Anton H. PWS-Kent Company. 2005. 2005. 69 . Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. Finney AR. intersection of two lines. angle between two lines. Reading. functions and their graphs. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. continuity. Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. left-hand and right-hand limits. distance between two points. Davis S. 1983. not majoring in mathematics. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. continuous functions. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. derivatives. Ma. New York Stewart J. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). 1995. Calculus (3rd edition). with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. slope of a line. inequalities. not majoring in mathematics. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines.2.
Introduction to sets. types of matrices. equations reducible to quadratic equations. Conic Sections: Parabola. locus of a point in various conditions. • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Analytic Geometry. • Contents 1. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. PWS-Kent Company. College Algebra and Trigonometry. nature of roots of quadratic equations. ellipse. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. 70 . Boston 4. : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. circles determined by various conditions. 1969 Kaufmann JE. Cramer’s rule. set operations. system of linear equations. PWS-Kent Company. functions. Boston Swokowski EW. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. determinants. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). inverse of matrices. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. hyperbola. : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. Freshman and Company. 1986. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Scott. 1987. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. intersection of lines and circles. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains.Circle: Equation of a circle. types of functions.
E. E. circle and trigonometric functions. types of frequency series. trigonometric identities. array. variance. PWS-Kent Company. relationship of statistics with social science. 2. tally sheet method. W. moments. discrete and continuous series. Boston.. 4. characteristics of statistics. Latest Edition. 3. cumulative frequency curve.. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Books Recommended: 1. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. quartiles. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. bar frequency diagram histogram. individual. Latest Edition. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. 5. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations.. Wilcox. R. Swokowski. J. Walpole. Latest Edition. deciles and percentiles. Prentice Hall. 71 . graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. 2. skewness and kurtosis. Kaufmann. Measures of dispersion: Range. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. R. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. standard deviation. Graphs: Graph of straight line. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’.geometric and harmonic progressions. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. R. frequency polygon. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. ungrouped and grouped data.. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. E.
Calculus. theorems of differentiation. implicit differentiation. Second Edition 1992. 5. Leibnitz’ theorem. Continuous Functions. integration by inspection. Calculus. sinusoidal function. H. the inverse of differentiation. Rational Functions. logarithmic differentiation. Calculus. McCallum. the chain rule. Solution of equations involving absolute values. • Integration Integration from first principles. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. 3. Addison Wesley publishing company. Trigonometric Functions. Frank A. Least-Squares Line. Recommended Books: 1. substitution method. integration by parts. 6. 2. Continuity. Inc. Mathews. Thomas. Inequalities. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. Elliott Mendelson. 3rd Edition. Equation of a Line. Bevens. 4th edition. logarithmic integration. Rational and Transcendental Functions. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . Left Hand and Right Hand Limits.Jr. Jhon Willey & Sons. Inc. 4. John H. Anton.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. plane polar coordinates. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. 1983. John Wiley & Sons. and Transcendental Functions. Hughes-Hallett. infinite and improper integrals. special points of a function. I. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. 2. E. Extreme Values of Functions. 2002. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. integral inequalities. Boston. integration using partial fractions. 11th Edition. Contents 1. Gleason. Calculus Single and Multivariable. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. reduction formulae. Integration by Parts. applications of integration. products. Schaum’s Outline Series. 2005. W. S. quotients. Davis. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. 2005. Swokowski. 1999. 6. et al. Slope of a Line. Prentice-Hall. 8th edition.
hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. complex conjugate. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. geometric series. solving hyperbolic equations. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. multiplication. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. series involving natural numbers. approximation errors in Taylor series. the difference method. modulus and argument. identities of hyperbolic functions. division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4.Additions and subtraction. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. arithmetico-geometric series. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 . finding the nth roots of unity. inverses of hyperbolic functions.
orthogonal. 6. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. moments of inertia. centers of mass and centroids. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. point to plane. masses. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7.5. Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. Pappus’ theorems. vector product. symmetric and antisymmetric. of a unitary matrix. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. scalar triple product. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. Hermitian. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. line to line. of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 . the inner product.
spherical polar coordinates 75 . div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. combinations of grad. differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions.8. divergence of a vector field.
sample design and sampling frame. level of significance.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. bias. Absolute and relative measures. Significant digits. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Discrete and continuous variables. Moments and Moments ratios. 76 . What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Exercises. Ogive for Discrete Variable. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Empirical Relation between Mean. Data. Different types of Averages. Exercises. Graphs and their Construction. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Editing of Data. Quantiles. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Types of frequency curves. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Standardized variables. probability and non-probability sampling. The Mean Deviation. Poisson and Normal Distribution. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Bar charts. Unit 4. Exercises. Exercises. acceptance and rejection regions. Test statistics. Probability and Probability Distributions. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. properties of Good Average. The Variance and standard deviation. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Unit 5. Presentation of Data Introduction. Median and mode. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Statistical problem. Stem and Leaf Display. Rounding of a Number. Pie chart. Sources. Population. Exercises Unit 6. Unit 2. Type-I and Type-II errors. Historigram. Errors of measurement. The semi-Interquartile Range. Exercises. Range. Unit 7. sampling and non sampling errors.Annexure . definition of outliers and their detection. null and alternative hypothesis. Collection of primary and secondary data. Box and Whisker Plot. Change of origin and scale. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. The Mode. Histogram. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. Exercises. Diagrams. Observations. Coefficient of variation. Unit 3. Difference of means and proportions. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. sampling with and without replacement.
Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole. Exercises Unit 9. examples. Exercises Unit 10. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. cause and effect relationships. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. R. E. its estimation and interpretation. Kitab Markaz. New York. Regression and Correlation Introduction. 1982.. Inc. “Introduction to Statistics”. simple linear regression. Macmillan Publishing Co.. Contingency Tables. Exercises. r and R2. F. 2 Muhammad.Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. 2005. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. Unit 11. Correlation. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. 3rd Ed.Single Population Introduction. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. Testing of Hypothesis. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. 77 .Unit 8. Coefficient of linear correlation.
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