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For BS MS
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………
6 12 14 50 51
and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 . R&D organizations.PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. the Federal Government vide notification No.). dated December 4th 1976. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. D773/76-JEA (cur. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration. universities and other institutions of higher education.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. PROF. and 36. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee. DR. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees. 2009 at the HEC Regional Center. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation. respective accreditation councils and stake holders. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30. Lahore. the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. degree awarding institutions. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. 63. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. It is. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic. It also aimed to give a basic. The world has turned into a global village.ALTAF ALI G. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. therefore. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976.
OF DRAFT BY NCRC REVIEW IMPLE. OF FINAL CURRI. REC. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. EXP. Abbreviations Used: NCRC. PREP. QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. UNI. UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRI. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I PREP. COL. LI R&D HEC Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. OF NCRC. Preparation 5 . OF CURRI. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREP.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRI. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI. R&D. IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI.
Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. Rawalpindi Dr. Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall. Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. Member 4. Dr.Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre. Karachi from 28-30. Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2. Following attended the meeting:1. Member 6 . Dr. Rawalpindi Dr. Dr. April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline. Member 3. Lahore Member 6. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. 7. Member 5. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr.
Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. Prof. Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof. Dr. Dr. Dr. Member 15. Dr. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr. Prof. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi. Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof. Member 10. Dr. Member 14. Dr. Member 11. Member 16. 7 . Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore. 13. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr.8. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. Karachi Member 12.
The meeting was opened by Mr. Mr. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. Faisalabad Member 18. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. Director of HEC Regional Center. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society. Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. Member 19. 2. Secretary Dr. Chairman. 8 . Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr. Member 20. Dr. 1. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. Dr. Shafiq-ur-Rehman.17. At first. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. Karachi. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards. The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. Islamabad coordinated the meeting. Mr. the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum.
The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment. 4. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. In last few centuries. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. 1. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. 6. Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development. 2. These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development.3. The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. 3. 5. The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. The committee thanked Mr. Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 . Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities.
Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5. in its preliminary meeting. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today. Apply theoretical understanding. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility. This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. This committee. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science. Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i. Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences. and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv. RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. 5. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. regional and global contexts. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 . Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. skills and behaviour patterns. ii. professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii.
The 11 . A. Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment. pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration. 1. eight semesters in the semester system. 4. The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals. 3. Sc. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3. skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes. The medium of instruction. that: 1. assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science. 6. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F. 2. Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature. UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. Integrating natural sciences. 5. with consensus. DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee.e..
SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1. Biology –I* 3. Environmental Chemistry 15. Fundamentals of Ecology 20. Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13. The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order. Introductory Economics* 17. Environmental Physics 16. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19. English-I 6. Environmental Pollution 22. Sociology/Anthropology* 11. Environmental Microbiology 21. Introduction to Earth Science 8.proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. Introduction to Environmental Science 2. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7. Climatology* 23. Biology –II* 9. Introduction to Computer 14. Psychology* . Basic Chemistry* 4. English-II 12. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5. English-III 18.
46. Applied Ecology 26. ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37. Opt. English-IV/ Univ. Environmental Biotechnology 32. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30.24. Natural Resource Management 40. 45. Environmental Impact Assessment 39. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25. 44. Environmental Management Systems 34. Research Methods in Environmental Science 41. Climate Change 38. ELECTIVE-III 42. Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours . Biodiversity & Conservation 35. Environmental Economics 29. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31. Environmental toxicology 27. Environmental Monitoring 36. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28. ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43.
• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical. • Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .
its importance in human life. Environmental Science: systems and solutions. E.M. Pearson Educational. D. M. 4. ethical. 2002. environmental pollution. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY . socio-economic. Thomson Learning.B & Keller. regional. 2007. Botkin.A. & Yonavjak. 2007 3.L. 2007. proteins and nucleic acids.I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth. poverty and resource depletion. philosophical.. 6th Ed. Wright. B. R. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates. L. biological and social. and their relationships with various environmental factors. McKinney. national. Miller. Environmental Science: working with the Earth. The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms. 10th Ed. 2. Recommended Books: 1.J.T. history. John Wiley & Sons. lipids. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development.DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline. Schoch. 4th Ed. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts. urbanization. G. Major components of environment: physico-chemical. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. R. & Nebel. Human environment and its problems: global. ecological.. current global. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society. development in industry and agriculture. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment. 15 . Different aspects of environment: physical.
8th Ed. Lewis. lipids. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. 1996. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. New York. USA.. Structure and the basis of function.Hill International Edition. proteins. phospholipids in membrane systems. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. polypeptides in protein diversity. 5th Edetion. and Whitelaw. lipids. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations. 4. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. Canada. E. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. carbonyls. Cells. and Lewis. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods. Cassimeris. Plopper. coordinate covalent bond. protobionts. 16 . The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. G. Lingappa. USA. J. McGraw. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. Crossley. N. D. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. 2007.. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Study of mitosis in onion root tip. the molecule of genetic information and replication. Bulter. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. 2008. 3. R. Introduction to cell biology. Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell. Shier. chemical basis of life. A. Starr. USA. Ltd. esters. B. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus.. origin of metabolism. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa.. chemical diversity. V. L. 2. carbohydrates. Molecular Biology through Questions. covalent. Ionic. carboxylic acids. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals.. 1. 2003. 5. C. Wadsworth Group. amines). Self Assessment and Revie. Australia . R. Nucleic acids.Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life. Biology: a Human Emphasis. Origin of life: chemical evolution. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin. M. Aromatic compounds. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding. 2007. Cell division. The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc.
UK. B. Algebra of matrices. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. Solution chemistry. 8th Edition. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula. 2004.S. real line. W. Canada. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles. law of Cosines. geometric and harmonic sequence. West.. J.C.. Freeman and Company.ions. 2004. Blackwell Science. 4. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional).Special Products (Binomial Expression). and Holler. 17 . D. determinants. Andrews. Recommended Books: 1. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. 2. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. 2nd Edition.. double angle formulas. USA. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane.. 2004. 3. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. 6th Edition. expansion of determinants. M. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra. Cambridge University Press. P.. Measurement of pH.. USA.A. Binomial theorem (Simple applications). Girard. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers. F.K. and Reid. 2005. Surface chemistry. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations). COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences. minor and cofactor of a matrix. Osmosis and Dialysis. normal solutions/buffers. Jickells. EC and TDS in waste water. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. 2nd Edition.J.. 2003. Use of spectrophotometric techniques. P. Harris. Understanding Environmental Pollution. coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane. equations of lines (linear equations). straight line and related concepts. simultaneous equations and their solutions. Matrices and Determinants: Matrix.E. Skoog. Sequence and series: Arithmetic. Colloids chemistry. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Liss. 5. J. molal. Jones and Barlett. D. D.. UK..E. values of trigonometric functions. radicals. Brimblecombe. graphs. T.H. Lab Work Preparation of molar. Thomson and Brooks. concepts of six basic trigonometric functions. angle-sum formula.M.D. Photochemical reactions. series and means. Hill.J. 1st Ed. Thin layer chromatography. Column chromatography.
age. S. 4. Trignometry for College students. plate tectonics. Integration: Formulas of integration. New Delhi. L. COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure . Introduction to sedimentary. 18 . mountain building. Jr. Pacific Grove. cleavages. different earth processes like mountain buildings. This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals. California. 10th Ed. G. Earth as a member of solar system.Wesley. by parts integration (simple applications). weathering and erosion.B. theorems on differentiation (sum. Thomas. 3. Smith. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. erosion and related landforms. foliation. Addission. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. lineation and unconformities.Cramer’s Rule. the processes of their formation. D. 4th Ed. Introduction to rocks and minerals. joints. Weathering. Fossils and their significance. Chatterjee. igneous and metamorphic rocks. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension. Narosa Publishing House. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. composition and its internal structure. its origin.. 1999. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. irreducible quadratic factors. Scott Foresman and Company. 2.B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions.A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure . difference. earthquakes. Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography. Abraham. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. J. theorem of integration. product and quotient rules without derivations). Analytical Geometry. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. R. faults. K. and Finney. Recommended Books: 1.. Introduction to folds. earthquakes and volcanoes. nonrepeated linear factors. Chain rule.
G. J. Biodiversity of canal. 4. G. unicellularity. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. Use of brunton compass and GPS. J. and Monroe. measuring biodiversity. 2004. K. 5th Edition. 11th Edition. 2007 3. Tarbuck. population loss and decline. Geographical aspects of biodiversity. 2007 2. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water.. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity. R. Routledge. D. multicellularity. Lutgens... Field Study tour. Smith.. Park. Foundations of Structural Biology. and Tasa. Life in sea. crucial for organisms’ sustainability. Lamarckism. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation. 19 . interactions among diversified life. modern concepts. Biodiversity of deserts. Recommended Books: 1. 5. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories.. consequences of losing biodiversity... Geological time chart with biodiversity. R. Earth Science. Darwinism. biodiversity crises. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms. and Tasa. Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life. Tarbuck. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat. Prentice Hall. Prentice Hall: 2006. invasion of life on land. examples of adjustments in varied environment. F. E. Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis. protocell formation. 3rd Edition. E. D.II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution. Prentice Hall. Biodiversity of hilly areas. F. animals). Lutgens.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification. Brooks/Cole. K. J. 2005. and Pun. Physical Geology and Process of Science. different classification systems. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants. molecular basis of biodiversity.. A. 9th Edition. How Does Earth Work. COURSE 8 BIOLOGY . causes of extinction.Identification of rocks and minerals. Wicander. Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology..
New York: New York University Press. 3. I. Walnut Creek. 3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment. 2. Prospect Heights. 4. I. Goals and expectations. 5th Edition.. Biodiversity (An Introduction). Wadsworth Group. R. P. Bradbury. UK. Chronological. Inc. K. (editor). Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. Culture. J. 2000. L. 2nd Edition. and Spicer. Perspective of human-environment evolution. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. 2. and concerns. The Ecology of global consumer culture. Scope and application. New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. UK. Recommended Books: 1. Gaston. 2006. 2001. Crumley.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions. Biology. (editors). Conceptualizing environment. Routledge.K. 20 .E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems.. 2009. John Wiley and Sons. 2009. 2005. Inc. Contemporary environment issues and debate. culture and society. Blackwell Science Ltd. USA. Townsend. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology. power & hegemony. globalization and environmental issues. Use of environment for vested interest. Environmental Risks and the Media. Contemporary environmental status. Nora and Wilk. J. a Human Emphasis. COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure . C. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. IL:WavelandPress. Allan & Carter. Starr. Understanding the environment-human relationship. K. CA: AltaMira Press. UK. 2003. Tripartite nature of environment. Adam. and Sustainable Living. Consumption. 3. Hannen. C. The Biosphere.
Long N. Ms-Access.H. 2. Recommended Books: 1.1999.5. Ms-Excel. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 2003. Ms-Power Point. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered. After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry. Courter.London 1996. Local Area Network. Storage hardware. Long l. Types and classification of computers. processing hardware.. computer programs and basic applications. software packages. e-mail.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure . Fundamentals of computer.6th Ed. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere. internet.BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment. Milton. Introduction to MS-Word. Configurations.C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components. G. Course Outlines Definition. Marquis A. Selin. 6.. 21 . Hardware: Input Hardware. Operating system (Windows). as are their effects on the biosphere. Rutledge. Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion. COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure . system software.Microsoft office 2000. Ed. Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse. physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry. K. Software: Application software. output hardware.
P. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer. Banerji Prentice Hall of India. Fundamentals of aquatic. Conversion of mass. A. Turbulence. USA. Fregoso-Infante.D. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems. Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics. Particle physics. 4. Turbulent diffusion. 2005. J. Global climate and climatic change. Brimblecombe. Environmental impact of various industries.. Recommended Books: 1.J.. UK. 2004. M. Heat radiation and heat transfer. P. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants.. and Reid. Transport of pollutants. Environmental Chemistry. Chemical reactions. Measurement and comparison of the 22 . Ozone chemistry. Active control of sound. Miller. Springer. B. M. Reducing the transmission of sound. Radioactivity and nuclear physics. Gaussian plumes in the air. Solar spectrum. J. Environmental Chemistry... Fate of pollutants in environment. 3.E. Ibanez. C. its causes and adverse effects on environment. Turbulent jets and plumes. Ozone and UV light.. Solids. Canada. Thomson-Brooks.M.S.. G. Jickells. Diffusion. atmospheric and soil chemistry. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts. trophic level. Liss.. Liquids and Gasses. Samir. 2nd Edition. Energy. their sources and toxic actions. Andrews. and Singh. Environmental Science. 2008. Girard.. Isotopes and radioactive decay. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light. photosynthesis. India.. Human perceptions and noise criteria. K. DoriaSerrano. Nuclear energy. 2004. Electromagnetic radiation. COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter.G. 1st Edition. Sound and Noise. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. 1999. interaction of light with matter. J. Energy conversion. Equations of fluid dynamics. Hernandez-Esparza. Blackwell Science.. T. Germany. Basic acoustics. Jones and Barlett. 5.T. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry.Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry.E. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light. Entropy. 2.
and Van Grondelle. Smith. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. and Resource allocation.Economic development.. economic growth and its measurement. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods. S. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. Sustainable development.1998. Field visit. E. Introductory Environmental Physics. J. 23 . 3. R. World Bank Publications. Kentucky USA. Economic functions of environment. H. Yusuf. Guyot. P. G. Economic Development. Todaro. 2008. S. N. 2008. Pakistan economic context: National income. Economic management and environmental quality. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. Routledge. Seinfeld. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. USA. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development. USA. UK. Physics of the Environment and Climate. 2. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. Boeker. 4. USA. 7th Ed. New York. Natural resources and the economy. economic progress. C. Impact of economic activity on environment. Growth and Environment. Man environmental relationship. 2. economic welfare and difference among all. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. economic growth. poverty. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. Measures for sustainable development. 2001. COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. Environmental Physics. Praxis publishing. 2001. producer and community point of view. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Recommended Books: 1. Wesely Publishers. John Wiley and Sons Inc. M. USA. Producer behavior. concepts and measurement. interaction between ecology and economic management. Recommended Books: 1. Course Outlines Introduction to economics. population and environmental quality. Growth and development. Environmental economics. and Pandis. 2006.
V. water. C. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. A History of Western Philosophy. the ethics of soil. 2007. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy. Farmington Hills. 2009. Environmental Critics of agriculture. 4. USA. community. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. its fundamental concepts. 2008. DeVeer. Course Outlines Introduction. Environmental philosophy and ethics. concepts and approaches. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy. Frodeman. Ecosystem and its types. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. species. Economics. M. Portland 1967. R. B. B. Swift. population. Natural philosophy. role of light. D. B. & Pierce. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale. Hanley. community and ecosystem. Touchstone Books. World Bank Publications. Kessinger Publishing. London. SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology.A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems.. WCIV7AA. LLC. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. Ecology. England. and White. Introduction to ethical theory... description of population. levels of ecological organization. soil. Shogren. 4. ethics and ecology. Palgrave Macmillan. J. International Thomson Publishing. World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. 2.. 3. 2008. biogeography. temperature.A. Recommended Books: 1. Callicott. USA. COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure . and systems ecology.3. Russell. 24 . branches of ecology. N. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy. J. 2002.
UK. population dynamics. Microbiology of terrestrial environments. New Delhi. with special emphasis on their environmental impact. aquatic microbiology.L and Reiss. Microbial metabolism. C. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. agricultural and industrial ecosystems. Chapman. biotic factors. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems. C. Systems ecology. B. Cambridge University Press. M. Ecology (concepts and applications. J. Biogeochemical cycles of C. Thomson Brooks/Cole. King’s College London. Fundamentals of Ecology. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). various concepts of community. productivity of different ecosystems. Tata McGraw-Hill. habitat and niche.W. characteristics of urban. and S. 3. bacteria and eukarya. Fundamentals of Ecology. Lab Work 25 . Odum. and More. G. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea. UK. plant geography and animal distribution. J. Biomes of the world. 6th Ed. 1992. M J. and Barett. Ecosystem: structure and function. ecological modeling. WCB/McGraw-Hill. landscape ecology. Recommended Books 1. role and application of microorganisms in the environment. New York.) Moles. Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. E P.Cox. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. Ecology (principles and applications). 2000. Concepts of Limiting factors. Dash. Populations. 2001 5. students will be able to understand the significance. P. COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment. landscape changes and their importance.topography and air as ecological factors. After completion of this course. 2004. 1999 4. N. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. aero-microbiology and food microbiology. M C J 1st ed. 5th Ed. distribution limits. Population distribution and abundance. 1st Ed. community dynamics. 2. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization.
C.M. International Protocols (BASAL Convention). USA. Manual of Environmental Microbiology. Pepper.V.K.Gerba. Solid Waste generation. Hill. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel. Fate of Environmental Pollutants. nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution. purification and preservation. 2005. D. P. Case Studies. C. 2.. and Jeffery. C. 2002. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution. Academic Press. J. 2005..L.. P.J. Peiece.L. and Zuberer. Sylvia. Marine & Industrial pollution. USA. Noise. and Klein.. Harley. Water. Understanding Environmental Pollution. McGraw Hill Inc. R.M. 4. D. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines. its sources and their effects.and Brendecke... Effects of Pollutants. isolation. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge UK.1998. peppor.A. Environmental Microbiology.and Vesilaind. R.L. USA. 2.J. L.M. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water. Knudsen. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution. Hartel.. Soil. USA. Types of Environmental pollution: Air. M. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual. (Elsevier) USA. Dilution plate technique. Environmental Pollution and Control. Mean plate count. 2nd Edition. A. Recommended Books 1. Academic Press. Fuhrmann. Weiner..F. Maier. 26 . It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally.I. J. Hurrst..B. 2 Edition. Washington DC.J. W.Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection. Microbiology. London. 4th Edition. UK.. USA. and Stetzenbach. 3.P. Butterworth-Heinemann. 2005. transportation & treatments.G. Prentice Hall.W. Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents. L.J.A. Academic Press. G. D.D. Crawford..P. 1995.P. J... I.A. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal. McInernery. 5. Recommended Books: 1. F. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic. Prescott.J. American Society for Microbiology. 2009. Human & other living organisms. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology. 3. 2007.R. New Jersey. M. and Gerba. Pollution Control Strategies. Collection.
processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. 27 . Cambridge University Press. N. Methods of psychology.J. The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan. Heat and the Earth's atmosphere. Weather and Climate.. Cloud Classification.. .. 2003. A. 1988. The Physics of Atmospheres. Karachi. 5. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment.4. 6th Edition.M. Mechanism of heat transfer. Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere. Lawrance K. local winds. Recommended Books: 1. 4. The climate of Pakistan. Climatology.. Lutgens. COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences. air pressure. climatic zones of Pakistan. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications. 2.W. COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems. Tarbuck. Pandis.2nd Editions. Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History. American Public Health Association (APHA). Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided.E. concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. John Wiley and Sons. Surface winds. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere. 3. Four Spheres of the Earth. Solar radiations. John H. The Hydrologic cycle. 2002. Sadder. Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). Radiation and climate. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology. global circulation. condensation and cloud Formation. Austin Miller. Environmental psychology. 1992. K.K. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. The Atmosphere.From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. Shamshad. Marcel Dekkar.F. Houghton J. Factors affecting air Pressure. Spyros. 2006 5. Royal book company. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . A brief historical background and schools of psychology.
D. concepts. solar radiation and primary production. Greene. 2. Restoration of derelict lands. Routledge. 28 . Routledge. Water resources of the world and Pakistan.W. threats and mitigation. Ecology of food production. Recommended Books: 1. Sustainable livestock management practices. Pollution control through Ecology. Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives. species response to pollutants. High population density and psychological impacts. P. rivers. their management and ecological restoration. CRC Press. Water as an ecological resource. T. Soil as a natural resource. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine. Future water scenario of Pakistan. Eysenck. Background and scope. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. Fisher J. techniques and methods of restoration.A. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species. Water and distribution of species. Environmental perception and cognition. London. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture. Ecological restoration. and Baum A. London. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change. 5th Edition. Environmental Psychology. COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. sustainable agriculture. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. M.characteristics and research methods. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan. 1992. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship.. Fundamental of Psychology. soil resources of Pakistan.. Sustainable agricultural practices. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts. soil erosion and conservation. soil salinity and water logging.C. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. 2001. Course Outline Introduction. CRC Press. energy and carbon balance. Bell. limitation of irrigated agriculture. carbon dioxide and global climate change.
Fundamentals of Ecology. and Hobbs. Organs. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. 4. Shirkat Gah. Blackwell Scientific Publications. 5. Foundations of Restoration Ecology. A.. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management. Synergism. Israr-ud-Din. Margaret A. Newman. and Memon. Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History. R.National Book Foundation. Immunological considerations in toxicology. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic. toxins & toxicants. Oxford. their containment and control strategies. Lahore. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. on human and other living organisms. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. 3. Studies in Pakistan Geography. 2004. G. toxicology of chemicals. water and soil. COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals. Rashid. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications.A. 2006. P. Determination of chemicals in biological samples. Peshawar. Determination of Interaction of chemicals. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system. Falk. Soil Science. J.S.W. K. Odum E. from natural and anthropogenic sources.I. E. 2nd ed.. toxins vs toxicants. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. 29 . dose response relationship in living organisms. soil and air samples. USA. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals.P.Recommended Books: 1. K and Habib. A.. 2000 2. toxicity screening using microbial systems. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms. Potentiation and Addition.1998. and Barett. 5th Edition. Chemical interactions and their types. J. University of Peshawar. 1989. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents. Pakistan’s Environment. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. Zedler.. Islamabad. Toxicity: Types and its measurement. biological effects. Island Press. B. in vivo & in vitro assays. 1996. D. Mumtaz. Thomson Brooks/Cole. terminologies: Poisons.
(ed. P. measuring environmental benefits.Recommended Books 1. the economic benefits of different environmental resources. B. CRC Press Llc. 1st Edition. USA. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement. geography. international trade and the environment.1 & 2. W. T and Turner. Ecological: ecological zones. W. 1st Edition. economic development and the environment. Macmillan Press Ltd. education. 1993. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology. topographic zones. Ballantyne.. General and Applied Toxicology.Science of Poisons . Hughes. 3. clean development mechanism.M. 1996. industry. Klassen. land. First and Second law of Thermodynamics. the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements. culture. pollution control-a general model. economic aspects of different environmental problems. Williams. major ecosystems. Environmental Profile of Pakistan. 2005 2. 1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development. State of the Environment-Pakistan . health. Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. 1992. McGrawhill. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis. USA. people. Course Outlines Introduction to history. Government of Pakistan. Vol. Economic: agriculture.2005 2.). Course Outlines Introduction. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann. the economy and the environment. COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development. USA. water resources. M. urbanization and pollution. 3. 5th Edition.D. Recommended Books 1. Recommended Books: 30 . Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York.
2004. L. USA. Lab Work S. K. Harris. Sample preservation methods. 6th Edition. BOD. B. Pearce. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve. 2000.L. C. Environmental Economics.1.I. Data interpretation for quality control. COD.A. 2. and Batemen. NO3–N & NH4-N). 1993... Gravimetery. Peverill. I. Skoog. and derived S. Sample collection. Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater.2002. M. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry.and Field.. Gravimetery. Spectroscopy and Chromatography. units.. Turner. All Solids. Kolstad. 8th Edition. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling. Holler. 2005.. Standard solutions and standard curves. Conductivitymetry. West. J. Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH. D. Reuter. handling. CSIRO Publ. salinity & sodicity).I.C. water and plant analysis. 2003. Titrimetery. COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive. soil (NPK and organic matter contents. D.R. 3.D. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual. precision and accuracy. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction. Freeman & Co. 4. and F. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin. New York. Oxford.K. 1999. Field. Recommended Books: 1. 31 . D. preparation and storage. M.K. Sparrow and D. Fluoride. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery. Analytical techniques for soil.W. D. Biomarkers in environmental assessment. 3. Qualitative Chemical Analysis.. Oxford University Press. A. Collingwood. Environmental Economics: An Introduction. Titrimetery.J.UK. Conductivitymetry. C. 2. Thomson and Brooks. Johns Hopkins University Press. Australia. Use of Potentiometery.
. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns. Wiley-VCH Verlag. National Biosafety Guidelines. 2005. England. 5th Ed. and Russel. D. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment. purification and preservation of DNA. Cambridge University Press. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. Smith. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms. Environmental Biotechnology. 2005. Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems. Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques. J. (ed. Biotechnology. Bioreactors. 2nd Ed. Course Outlines Introduction.W.living organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution. A. and Josef. Biomarkers. J. 2009. Recommended Books 1. 2001. National Biotechnology Commission. 4. After completion of this course. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. Tools in environmental biotechnology. Chichoster. COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 .D. W. Oxford University Press. New York.E. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques. New York. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures. and application of biotechnology in the environment. Germany.1999. Introduction to microbial kinetics. Biosensor. Derbre. Isolation. Sambrook. 2007.. USA. J. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd. Scragg. PCR. Government of Pakistan.COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments. Hans- Joachim. USA. students will be able to understand the significance.P. Recombinant DNA technology. 2. 3. USA. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.). Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants.
F. Inc. 4. K and L. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. Harvey. Forestry. R. Aerial photography. Different types of maps. Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. Jensen. history and platforms. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1. Data acquisition. integration of information from many sources. Using and reading GPS in field. Z. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). A. Inc. Active and Passive remote sensing. Fishery and wildlife. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. Guilfoud press New York. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. John Wiley and Sons. John Wiley and Sons. 2000. 2. Types of data used in GIS. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. Pearsons Education. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission. Cartography. Preparation of thematic maps. Dessinov. Mc Graw Hill Education. COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . History and data collection. A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. Introduction to Photogrammetry. Campbell. advantages and limitations of process. Rancez. Interpretation. Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. Lulla. Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. Energy Sources. analysis and output. Image Processing. 2008. Introduction to GIS. 5. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. eradication of the duplicated data.Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. 3. map projection and coordinate systems. Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. Data entry and output. 2009. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). V. Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. Inc. Satellite Imageries. 2000. Agriculture. 1999.
4. etc. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR).3rd Edition . 34 . Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management. animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan. economic. International Organization for Standardization. Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles. Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1. 2005. M. COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. social and ethical values of biodiversity. B. alpha and beta diversity. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. A. WWF Pakistan. Certification of EMS.. American Society for Quality. Sheldon. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. cleaner technologies. threats to biodiversity and its conservation. and Qasim. Khan. hot spots of biodiversity. types of biodiversity. 2006. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. F. Michigan. standards and guidelines. Methods of environmental protection. Environmental Management tools. 2. principles of Cleaner production.. and Yoxon.2nd Ed. Environmental Economy. Related Environmental legislation. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS). 2001. 1998. threats to biodiversity. need and approach. Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor. Environmental Management Systems Principles. Environmental aspects and impacts. 3. M. Environment and sustainable development. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. Course Outlines Introduction.C. eco-design. philosophical. plant. American Society for Quality. ecological. Systems and Support Techniques.This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production.).. Conservation of biodiversity.
conservation in man-made ecosystems. their categories. P. refrigeration and freezing methods. sampling and design purposes. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. 1998. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples. plants. forests. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques. ecotourism. London. Conservation of wildlife. Sunderland. population. soil and living organisms. Legal protection of species.B. A Primer for Conservation Biology. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme. and Morre. Considerations. 2000. in-situ and ex-situ conservation. Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures. 3. 2.B. Rawalpindi. 35 . Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. role of traditional knowledge in conservation.. Z. community and ecosystem level. Cox.e. Sinauer. field custody. 2000. conservation strategies. 2ndEd. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan. chemical addition. Course Outlines Introduction. water. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes. international agreements. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan. EIA requirement. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i. air. C. Associates Inc. Biogeography. cities. laboratory custody. conservation and livelihood. Preservation methods including pH control. Recommended Books: 1. Lab Work Sampling techniques (air. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. management. role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. NOC for plant operation.D. Kings College. habitats. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora..B. Saad Printers. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring. P. croplands. Lahore)..R. quality control sampling. quality assessment. Publ. Mirza. design and types of samples. presampling requirements/information. national and international laws and regulations. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring.conservation at species. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing. Quality assurance and quality control. protected areas.
Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate.. McKlivie.1996. Peakall. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. E. and Guethner. E. 6. and social factors contributing to climate and global change. Forstner U. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. human health. 2002. . 3.. Precipitation. Energy and Temperature. 7. (eds. D. 2000. phenological changes. 5. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. Earth Observation of Global Change. chemical. Moisture in the Atmosphere. 2008. Recent Climate Change Indicators. Ozone depletion. 2002. COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change.1999. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. N. Korte. Keith. (ed) Springer. 2008. S. Physical. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention. and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change. USA. biological. 2. Air Pollution and Acid Rain. Japan Association on Remote Sensing.USA. Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. Burden. Human responses to potential climate change.) McGraw-Hill. Remote Sensing Note. The Measurement of Climate Change. Chuviero. 2nd Edition. USA. its causes and effects. R. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide. altered community structure. L. S. Chapman and Hall. Manahan. Environmental Chemistry. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts.Recommended Books: 1. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. Tokyo. UK. I. Murai. agriculture. Lewis Publisher London. F. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data. 8. Regional droughts and 36 . extinctions. Patterns in Winds and Pressure. regional. D. New York. 1992. H. USA.
scoping. Effects. Oxford.).Causes. J. 2000. Petts. principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society. role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis. EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan. 4. screening. public involvement.O. mitigation and impact management. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. EIA project management. Routledge.(ed). Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2). 37 . impact analysis.Causes. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts. Recommended Books: 1. and noise. Houghton. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan. and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction. Types & Resources to produce Energy. John Wiley & Sons.T. Therivel. COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project. 2005. Harrop. Climate Change . 3. 2005.cataclysmic climate change. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels. Global Change and the earth system. A. and Solutions. 5. social impact assessment (SIA). 1986. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. Cost and benefits of EIA. liquid. and Solutions. Blackwell. overview. Hardy. A. D. J. 2003. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems. Sringer. 1999.. 1994. National Book Foundation.. J. 4. & Nixon. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. decision-making to implement the project. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach.. project implementation and follow up. London. 6. J. review of EIA quality. T.. and Chadwick. Climate Change . law. Earthscan Publication Ltd.. Main stages in EIA process. London. reporting. Islamabad. Keith. John Wiley & Sons. Ministry of Housing and Works. Glasson. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment. (ed. 2004. Islamabad. Effects. 1st Edition. Global Warming and Climate Change. R. Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems. solids. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T.. Recommended Books: 1.A.. 2. Hardy. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. 2003. 2005. 2. J. 3.
existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy. Lohani.. Asian Development Bank. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan. Rangeland Management: existing status. limitation in the future. Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. 1997.. A. threat and its causes.5. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources.B and Warren.). problem in agriculture. management options. national example. requirement. process and contents of the management plan. 1993. B. their pros and cons. threats. B. national and provincial legislation. Conservation in Progress. USA. their current status and threats. Sadler. United Nations Environment Programme. Ludwig. J. John Willey & Sons. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. H. best available option for future. R... methodologies. S. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. solar power. F. existing management approaches. Watershed management: Importance basic principles. Goldsmith. Everitt. management options. 2nd Edition. forest types and its existing management. M. COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification. causes and methods for its improvement. agriculture chemicals. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level. wildlife census. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. (ed. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies. New York. effective management... Evans. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area. Development of Management Plan: needs. 38 . & McCabe. 2002. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia. Types. R. occurrence and distribution of natural resources. EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. wind power and nuclear power. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. and Tu. national agriculture policy. 6.. importance. Carpenter. agriculture products and their share in GDP. Recommended Books: 1.
E. and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research. Selecting the Research Method. Research Design & Research Methods. Dasmann. Thousand Oaks. 5. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem. 1984. Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf. 4. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data. Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice. 1990. Inference based on findings. GOP and IUCN. R. Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison). Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically. to introduce students to research design. W. Elsevier.2.F.L. 1992. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling.A pre-requisite for Research. Environmental Conservation. Sage CA. J. Questionnaire. types of sampling design/. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods. Objectives. Surveys. concepts and terminologies. Experimental Research. Case Studies. V. Scientific Research: Science. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design. Interviews. 2007.Amsterdam. USA. Material Methods. Review of Literature. Creswell. 39 . S. Islamabad. 3.1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study. & Plano Clark. How to put things together? Introduction. Bibliography. John Wiley & Sons.E. P. Sampling: the logic of sampling. population and sampling frames. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Hansen. Review of Literature. Scientific Methods. Methodology. Research Proposal: its importance . Literature Search: Database. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research.. research methods. New York. London. and Jorqensen. Search Engines.
. 3. 2008. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act. regulations made there under. S. 2000. Chichester. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules. Survey Research Methods.. G. Recommended Books: 1. 3rd Edition. 4. E.S. Robert Yin. 2001. Wadsworth Publishing Company. SNBP Local Government Ordinance. 2. Government of Pakistan 3. R. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development.2. John and sons Ltd. Marilyn F. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans. M. Babbie. 1997. Qadar. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Belmont California. 2003. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. 2nd Edition. 2003. 6. 2001 and the rules of business made there under. USA. USA. and Arhonditsis.Harrad. of Chicago Press. Sage Publishers. National Conservation Strategy 5. Law Books House. Students project in Environmental Science. Writing Science Through Critical Thinking. National Environmental Policy 4..h. Booth. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan.Batty. 5. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 ..USA. Moriarty. The Craft of Research by Wayne C. England. Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation. 1997. Univ. Diamon. 1989.
This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45
POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46
RESEARCH PROJECT/ INTERNSHIP
E-I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY
To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,
5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.
Ahmed.E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan. P. Oxford University Press Karachi.1993.. Recommended Books: 1. R. climate change and its impacts on our future water resources. J. (ed.Varis. Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia. 1993. tubewells. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. 6. fisheries management.. Ahmed. Mirajuddin Publication . improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency..K. it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects. U. recycling and re-use of wastewater. K. hydrological cycle. Revised & enlarged edition. and Malik. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan. Biswas. Islamabad.). water quality and quantity aspects. Lahore.). like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. Asia Printer. Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT). A. Pakistan. R. Course Outlines Water resource and its management. Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization. 3. wetlands resources management. water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan. A.. 2. Islamabad. Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant.Lahore. Groundwater Resources of Pakistan. 4. 44 .. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry. Oxford University Press New Delhi. watershed/catchment. Khan. N. and Tortajada. Pakistan . groundwater exploitation. Bengali. Briscoe. 2006. Cheema. The Politics of Managing Water. O. virtual water. water supply and demand management measures. Indus Water Accord 1991. Mirajuddin Publication .. C. 2003. with drinking water facilities like springs. precipitation distribution in Pakistan. 2006. flood and drought management. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment. Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. N. integrated water resources management (IWRM). 2005. SDPI Oxford University Press. flood and droughts. (eds. pollution aspects. and Qamar. A. I. 5..
future of urban centers. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. Course Outlines Introduction. Miller. urban flora and fauna. Upper Saddle River. Soil buffering capacity and its importance. 45 . R. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization. Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils. Prentice Hall. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. residential mobility and the neighborhood change. Definition. PrenticeHall. urban landscapes characteristics. CA. Cation and anion exchange. Soil degradation. E. 11th Edition. Causes of urbanization.R. Soil Science. Bashir. urbanization in Pakistan. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. Hillel. humans as components of urban ecosystems. Brady. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations. transport. San Diego. Soil forming minerals. N. 2008. D.. USA.E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. and Weil. Process and outcome. Academic Press. 2007. D. Forms of urbanization.T.. the salient features of urban environments. Types and properties of parent materials. urban patterns and ecosystem functions. USA. R. Upper Saddle River. Soils in Our Environment. 1996. USA. Gardiner. R. Islamabad. Pakistan. Urban ecosystem. Physical and chemical properties of soil. Factors and processes of soil formation. urban settlements. NJ.C. National Book Foundation. 2007. After completion of this course. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. soils. and Bantel. Urbanization. hydrological processes. NJ. management and green productivity. Course Outlines Introduction. 1. urban political ecology.W.
V. Smith. Routledge. Sukopp. nd 2 Edition. New York. SBS academic publishing. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level.Recommended Books: Urban Ecology. Land use planning theories. Aims and Objectives of planning. S. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. USA. J. Planning theories and concepts. H. 2006. The Ecology of Urban Habitats. I. Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments. O.S. Planning and its relationship with other professions.. A. 46 . 5. Planning and Urban Change. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. Levels of planning. Penguin Group. UK. The Works: Anatomy of a City. 2004. Alberti. The planning process. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area. Justification for planning for city management. Routledge. USA. 3.1990. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. SAGE Publications Ltd. Hague.L. 2007. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation. 2. London. M. 1989. Springer. 4.. Hejny. 2009. nature and purpose of urban planning.and Maser. S. E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. 1. D. CRC Press LLC. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. Hough. Recommended Books: 1.. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city. Silberstein. C. Kate. London. UK. Ward. M. 2. Elements of urban planning. Types of Urban Plans. UR. 2000. Principles of planning. Gilbert. Scope.. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability. 2004. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems. UK. City Design for Sustainable Development.and Kowaril.. New trends in planning and city management. Chapman and Hall.
Paris. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization. Role of Media in Disaster Management.F. It discusses a wide range of aspects.. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum. 1989. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. Prediction. Different approaches and Indicators. New York. Ministry of Housing and Works. D. International phenomenon. Disaster Management: Components of management. UK.W. The Environment as Hazard Burton I. ADB.J. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research. Government of Pakistan. Landslide. Longman Group. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. 2nd Edition. Westview Press. It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. Disaster Management Trainings and Policies. 1993. 47 .e.. Flooding. 1986. 4. Recommended Books: 1. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). Earthquake. Cultural factors. Physical factors. New York.B. Clara. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made.. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N. Kates. Natural Disasters Alexander. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies. Techniques and methods to assess hazard. The Guilford Press. 3. Chapman & Hall.. Socio-economic factors. R.. Islamabad.UNESCO. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms. P. Disaster as an opportunity for development. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures. Flood Management: Organizational Role. 1991.3. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development. 2. 1993. Manila. Hazards. Natural cycles and their role. 1993.. H. M. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters. Earthquake Management... E&UA Div. Introducing Town Planning. and Woodrow. G. i. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies. Political factors. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies. Boulder . vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches.W. 4. and White G.
Consumer and producer relationship. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America. John Wiley and Sons.. 6th Edition. Quorum Books. 2. 2007. 1984. McKinney.C. biomass resources. E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment. energy resources. Sustainable livestock management. energy resources of Pakistan. and Yonavjak. 1983. primary producers. local. Perry R.5. uses... Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem. Course Outlines Energy-development and environment. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. consumers. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. 2007. 4th Edition. Ecological concept in crop and food production. solar. environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources. New York.H. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. merits and demerits of wind. USA. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem. decomposers. OECD/IEA. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers. hydropower. and Mushkatel. 2001. M.A. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources.M. E. alternate energy resources. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals. Paris. Phytoremediation and bioremediation. types. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems. L. R. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life. Biotic structure. F. Disasters and Development Cuny. 3. sustainable energy management.L. Deforestation for agricultural purposes.B and Keller. 1. 6. Schoch. D. 48 . Farming practices for pests and weeds control. A. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources.W. Botkin. Westport. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. Agroecology. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future.
and Rossel. Agrocology. Experimental Plant Ecology. New York..H. 1990. Westview Press. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture. Boulder. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species. and Sudha. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity.Determination of density and abundance of plant species. 1995. USA. P.A. C. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity.Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram. Study of stratification and profile diagram. 2000.M. Yandermeer J. India. McGraw Hill Publishing Company. R.G. M. Altreri. Kapur. CBS Publishers and Distributors. Corol.P. E-11 Seminar 49 . 3. New Delhi.R. Recommended Books: 1. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species. Study of index of diversity. USA. 2.
3.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme. 2. The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. availability of the faculty and other facilities. 4. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization. 50 . 5. that: 1. The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science. the Committee agreed on the following principles. The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions. it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor.
23. Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. 5. 11. 12. 8. 9. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 14. 7. 6. 5. 10. 22. 13.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1. 12. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. 26. 4. 2. 16. 10. 20. 9. 11. 21. 15. 8. The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. 7. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. 19. 3. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 . 3. 25. 17. 2. 4. 24. 6. 18.
. Treaties. and Jorqensen. London Black Stone Press Ltd. Money. Oxford University Press. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall..1994. NCS. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan. WCS. Hansen. development of concepts. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. 2.. 4.1994. Elsevier. Draft National Environmental Policy.. 2. D. Provincial and Local Strategies. technology and resource use. Environment People and Economy. and Bell. Conventions and Protocols in Global.A. Instruments and methods. FURTHER READINGS 1. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems. Geography of Pakistan. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences. Hodder and Stoughton. 1992. Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management.F. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling.DETAILS OF M. Khan K.S. S. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment. Environmental control Policies. P. Oxford University Press. 1987. 3. Conservation Strategies. Regional and International Environmental Issues. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space. London.E. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan. GOP and IUCN. 2nd Edition. Karachi. 52 .1991.1995. Islamabad.T. Relationship of culture.E. Mackenzie. S. Recommended Books: 1. F. 1991. 3.. status of Terrestrial. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Mackenzie J. Carrying capacity and sustainable development. Amsterdam. Ball. S. COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management.
Burnt Hill. sample collection and preservation.COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction. UK. 1995. Environmental auditing. 53 . Assessment of environmental impacts. Longman House. Demographic impact assessment. Wood. role and importance. K. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). process. Longman Scientific and Technical. A. Recommended Books: 1. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Ahmed. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. Environmental Chemical Analysis. 2. opportunities and issues. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. Gas Chromatography etc. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery. FURTHER READINGS 1. ecological impact assessment. Ed. Recommended Books: 1. sampling rules. 1993.. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements. Environmental and Social Impact assessment. C. History. Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. 3. Washington. Cost benefit analysis of projects. England. World Bank. Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment.A. Case Studies and review.Vanclay. Ministry of Environment. Harlow Essex. social impact assessment. ed. WB. D. DC. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. 2. Government of Pakistan. Air and Solid Waste. procedures and methods of EIA. economic impact assessment. Wastewater. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. A one Publishers Lahore. Environment Department. 1995. Chichester. F & Bronstein. Sectoral guidelines for EIA. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants. John Wiley & Sons. COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. Principles of physical.
M. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. Lippmann. Inc. R.. Public health concept. Occupational Health: problems and issues. Resource Mobilization. and Wright. 2002. 5. Primary health care services. 1st Ed. prevention and control. 2. assumptions. specific objectives. 1st ed. J. S. London. Project Management Institute. T. Reasons for Project success or failure. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. A Guide to Project Management. Project Planning. air borne. Kjelllström. Prentice Hall International Inc. inputs. Need identification. Environmental Health Engineering. 2nd Ed. T. Project Management: A Managerial Approach. Nebel. 1992.. 3. Caeneross. UK. communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne. John Wiley and Sons. MS Project Recommended Books: 1.2000. Project Planning and Approval Processes.COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project. COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems. indicators. feasibility study. Defining Project objectives. Recommended Books: 1. activities. J... food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. USA. Oxford University Press New York. 4. 2001. M/S Banarsid. 1997. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). 1993. de Kok. Yassi. 54 . Planning Commission Performas. safety techniques.. 1st Ed. Writing Project Proposal. Ergonomic and Safety. A. principles and practices.. 1998. USA. Project Initiation. L. T. Park. Basic Environmental Health. work breakdown structure. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. Project Life Cycle. Mantel s... R. Van Nostrand and Reinhold. T.. Accident prevention and safety plans. Government Policies and Programs. economic evaluation. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). outputs. B. 2. development objectives. Wiley Interscience. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic. Meredith J. K. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. New York. means of verification. and Guidotti.
3. 1990b. Schoch. M. merits and demerits of wind. John Wiley and Sons. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. 2. 2. E. Recommended Books: 1. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. D. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. OECD/IEA. petroleum. Environmental Auditing. 3.L. industry and domestic sectors. data collection and interpretation. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. Switzerland. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management. solar. 2001. Recommended Books: 1. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. L. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. 6th Edition. USA. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. and Yonavjak. principles and elements of the process of EMS. non-renewable and renewable. Principles of cleaner production. 55 . gas. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). uses. Botkin.M. Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). sustainable energy management for agriculture. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal. hydropower.. 1998. St Luise Press. D.A. energy resources of Pakistan. Michigan-January 2001.B and Keller. McKinney. ISO Central Secretariat. types. Sayre. Paris. ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family. Sources of data. Environmental auditing. Related Environmental regulations. energy resources. alternate energy resources. nuclear) local. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources.COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. 2007. transport. 4th Edition. 2007. Paris. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor. 4. bio-energy resources. R.
5. 2005. Earthscan Publication Ltd. E. management and restoration. The Green House Effect.Causes. Introduction to Plant Population Biology. ECOPE 29. 2003. Berlin. COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. T. Effects. Recommended Books: 1. J. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics. Climate Change . 56 . Hardy. Oxford. UK 1991. K. competition and coexistence. Springer.. geographical and temporal patterns.. 2. D. 3. Silvertown. John Wiley & Sons. Modeling of climate change. Warrick. ED. and Solutions. and Solutions. Beck. forests. 1st Edition. Life history strategies of plants. Maarel. 4.Causes. B & Jager.D. 2. Climate Change and Ecosystems. John Wiley & Sons. plant conservation. D. 2005. Effects. London. UK. J.COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. global aspects of plant ecology. vegetation dynamics. plant invasions. climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. 2003. resources and plants. types and their climatic effects. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. Climate change and food production. 2005. Green House Gases. water resources. 3. Oxford UK. Blackwell Publishing. Recommended Books: 1. etc. Shulze. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. E & Muller-Hohenstein. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. Blackwell Publishing. Species richness. John Wiley & Sons. 2004. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. Climate Change . Chichester. Plant Ecology. J.T. Houghton.). & Charlesworth. 2005. types of climate change models. 1. human activities and vegetation dynamics. Vegetation Ecology Ed. survival and extinction. Hardy. (Ed. Plant population dynamics.
laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan. distribution.J. Wildlife of Pakistan. I). habitats and ecosystems.D. Biodiversity: An introduction. Bailey. 3. its causes. Cambridge. John Wiley And Sons. deforestation and its control.J. 57 . Wildlife Ecology and Management. their ecological and economic importance. 1998. Roberts. Weddell. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation.L. R. Protection and restoration of species. types. Oxford. Recommended Books: 1.COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction. Protected areas in Pakistan. Primack. Wetlands. S. Oxford University Press. Global and national biodiversity. distribution and management. Cambridge. Forest plantations. FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. Recommended Books: 1. Protected areas. & Spicer. status. 2002. biological diversity. K. Mcmillan. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. Oxford. 4. 2004. Publishers Sunderland. J. Forests. Roberts. 3.A. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity. And Bolen. 1984. London. S. Robinson. Inc. Sinauer Assocaites. Essentials of Conservation Biology. Threatened animals and plants.J. management. Conserving Living Natural Resources. B.) Gaston. types. USA. Cambridge University Press. Oxford University Press. threats and conservation. Rangeland management. Status of forests in Pakistan. E. problems and solutions. Principles of Wildlife Management. Establishment and management of protected areas. J. their importance. Oxford University Press. II). The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. 5. 1973 2. & Ripley. Consumptive. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity.G. UK. W. Loss of biodiversity. kinds. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. 2. 2002. COURSE 11 WILDLIFE. their types and role in conservation. T. Oxford. Extinction of species. Participatory forest management.(2nd Ed. 1986. Sustainable forest management. 1992. distribution.J. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management.B. T. UK. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali. Blackwell Publsihing.
management of transport. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages. Clara. The Works: Anatomy of a City. Kate. Forms of urbanization. 4. London. 2000. Recommended Books: 1. Planning and Urban Change. urban political ecology. J. Penguin Group. Urban planning and management in Pakistan. UK. 1993. UK. G. Silberstein.. Sustainable cities. Islamabad. Ministry of Housing and Works. USA. CRC Press LLC. C. urban landscape characteristics. 1986. urban systems and their characteristics..COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction. future of urban centers. urbanization in Pakistan. Urban land use planning and management.and Maser. S. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. 2007. Introducing Town Planning.. 2. Government of Pakistan. Ward. 2004. E&UA Div. sanitation. drinking water and solid waste in cities. SAGE Publications Ltd. H. 3. A. Longman Group. New York. USA. Environmental problems of urban life. V.. 58 .
Practical English Grammar by A. 1997. Martinet. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. a) Functional English Grammar 1.Annexure .V. Thomson and A.A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure.J. ISBN 0194313492 59 . Oxford University Press. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1. Exercises 1. Third edition.
ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Third Impression 1992. minutes of meetings. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing.V.J. Martinet. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Writing. Upper Intermediate. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. and speed reading. Oxford University Press. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 . Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. Reading/Comprehension 1.2. Fourth Impression 1993. Reading. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Third edition. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. b) Practical English Grammar by A. 1997. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Thomson and A. Exercises 2. intensive and extensive.
Oxford University Press 1986. Oxford Supplementary Skills. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. Third Impression 1992. Fourth Impression 1993. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. 2. c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. Writing. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. Third Impression 1991.V. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). clarity. b) Writing 1. narrative. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. Thomson and A. Reading. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. Writing. 2. Advanced. Advanced by Ron White. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis.1. Fourth Impression 1992. Practical English Grammar by A. Writing. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. Third edition. descriptive and argumentative writing). Martinet. Reading 1. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. Oxford Supplementary Skills. introduction to presentations. content. Oxford Supplementary Skills.J. language. Exercises 2. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 . Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. discursive. form. Oxford Supplementary Skills.
Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. College Writing Skills by John Langan. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. argumentative and report writing). Kathleen Shine Cain. 2004. Compiled by norther Illinois University.(particularly suitable for discursive. descriptive. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. 62 . St. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. Martin’s Press. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. without taxing the taste of engineering students). Mandell. 3. Kirszner and Stephen R. 2. A Custom Publication.
Shahid Javed. politics. State & Society in Pakistan. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. 1947-58 b. 1999 onward 3. national development. 1988-99 f. S. Muslim advent iii. government. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. 1958-71 c. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. b. People and Land i. 2000. 1971-77 d. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. Course Outline 1. . Location and geo-physical features. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. Study the process of governance. Karachi: Oxford University Press. ideological background of Pakistan. Zaidi. Safdar. 2. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. Lahore. 2. Akbar. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Contemporary Pakistan a. 1977-88 e. Indus Civilization ii. S. Historical Perspective a. Mehmood. Economic institutions and issues b. Society and social structure c. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. Karachi: Oxford University Press. 63 Books Recommended 1. 3. 4. contemporary Pakistan. 1994.M. Ethnicity d. 1993.B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective.Annexure .
Washington: American Enterprise. Politics in Pakistan.National Movement in Pakistan.. Haq. Rafique. Aziz. 1976. 11. Enigma of Political Development. K. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. 64 . History & Culture of Sindh. 1972. 1987. I. Lahore: Vanguard. M.K. Party. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. Ansar. 1998. Noor ul. Karachi: Royal Book Company. 12. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. 8. Lawrence. 1980. Zahid. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. II & III. Mehmood. Afzal. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Ziring. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. Tahir. Club Road. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. Sayeed. 13. 1993.The Emergence of Banglades. Wayne. Vol. Political Parties in Pakistan. 1967.5. nd. Khalid Bin. Pakistan Under Martial Law. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. 14. 1980. Wilcox. Ethno . 7. 10. Muhammad Waseem. Safdar. Amin. Institute of Public Policy Research. The Political System of Pakistan. 9. Islamabad. 6.
A.57.Annexure .W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 .C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.58.40.21.Tadabar (Verse No1.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.A.20) Related to thinking.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.6. 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.56.A.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.19.
in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt.
Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute.S. Islamabad (2001) 67 . “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. Bhatia. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi.3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad.” Hussain Hamid Hassan. “Studies in Islamic Law. IRI. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. Ahmad Hasan. “Emergence of Islam” . Pakistan. International Islamic University. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H.
PWS-Kent Company. Wooton W. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. not majoring in mathematics. Boston Swokowski EW. Beckenback EF. introduction to sets. trigonometric identities. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. 1987. complex numbers. harmonic progression. 1978. geometric progression.Annexure . types. Houghton & Mifflin. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression.D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. matrix inverse. Boston 68 . system of linear equations. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. cube roots of unity. 1986. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. functions. Sharron S. Cramer’s rule. set operations. College Algebra and Trigonometry. types of functions. equations reducible to quadratic equations. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. PWS-Kent Company. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). determinants. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines.
continuous functions. Finney AR. functions and their graphs. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. rational and transcendental functions. New York Stewart J. distance between two points. slope of a line. 2005. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. derivatives. left-hand and right-hand limits. differentiation of polynomial. John Wiley. PWS-Kent Company. Recommended Books: Anton H. Reading. Davis S. Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. distance between a point and a line. change of variables in indefinite integrals. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. intersection of two lines. equation of a line. not majoring in mathematics.2. parallel and perpendicular lines. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. angle between two lines. Bevens I. 1995. inequalities. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. Boston Thomas GB. Calculus (3rd edition). 69 . USA 3. 2005. various forms of equation of a line. solution of equations involving absolute values. Calculus (11th edition). Ma. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. not majoring in mathematics. 1983. integration by substitution. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. integration by parts. Addison-Wesley. continuity.
70 . set operations. hyperbola. Introduction to sets. Boston 4. Cramer’s rule. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. types of functions. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Boston Swokowski EW. system of linear equations. Conic Sections: Parabola.Circle: Equation of a circle. determinants. 1987. inverse of matrices. College Algebra and Trigonometry. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. ellipse. : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. intersection of lines and circles. • Contents 1. types of matrices. : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). PWS-Kent Company. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. 1969 Kaufmann JE. • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. functions. Analytic Geometry. Freshman and Company. locus of a point in various conditions. Scott. equations reducible to quadratic equations. circles determined by various conditions. PWS-Kent Company. nature of roots of quadratic equations. 1986. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations.
. standard deviation. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. W. moments. PWS-Kent Company. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. discrete and continuous series. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. skewness and kurtosis. variance. 71 . inter quartile deviation mean deviation. Swokowski. ungrouped and grouped data. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. Walpole. Latest Edition. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. E. R. 4. relationship of statistics with social science. tally sheet method. types of frequency series. quartiles. E. bar frequency diagram histogram. deciles and percentiles. characteristics of statistics.. Measures of dispersion: Range. circle and trigonometric functions. R. J. Boston. R.geometric and harmonic progressions.. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution.. trigonometric identities. individual. Latest Edition. cumulative frequency curve. E. Kaufmann. array. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. 2. 2. frequency polygon. Graphs: Graph of straight line. Wilcox. Books Recommended: 1. Latest Edition. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. 3. 5. Prentice Hall.
2. W. Calculus. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. et al. 3rd Edition. Equation of a Line. Boston. H. Thomas. Calculus Single and Multivariable. Calculus. Leibnitz’ theorem. Jhon Willey & Sons. substitution method. implicit differentiation. Rational Functions. reduction formulae. S. applications of integration. Gleason. Frank A. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. 2005. 2005. Prentice-Hall. special points of a function. products. infinite and improper integrals. Slope of a Line. 1983. Inequalities. Continuity. John Wiley & Sons. Mathews. 4th edition. Inc. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. the chain rule. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. Contents 1. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. E. integration using partial fractions. Davis. 6. integration by parts. Least-Squares Line. and Transcendental Functions. 6.Jr. Inc. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. • Integration Integration from first principles. 4. Swokowski. 8th edition. sinusoidal function. theorems of differentiation. 11th Edition. Schaum’s Outline Series. 2. Calculus. logarithmic integration. Trigonometric Functions. I. plane polar coordinates. the inverse of differentiation. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. 5. integral inequalities. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. Hughes-Hallett. logarithmic differentiation. Second Edition 1992. Recommended Books: 1. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. Anton. 1999.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. Solution of equations involving absolute values. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . John H. McCallum. integration by inspection. quotients. Elliott Mendelson. Bevens. Rational and Transcendental Functions. 3. 2002. Integration by Parts. Continuous Functions. Addison Wesley publishing company. Extreme Values of Functions.
modulus and argument. approximation errors in Taylor series. alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4. identities of hyperbolic functions. geometric series. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. inverses of hyperbolic functions. the difference method.Additions and subtraction. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. solving hyperbolic equations. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 . multiplication. finding the nth roots of unity. arithmetico-geometric series. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. series involving natural numbers. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. complex conjugate.
of a unitary matrix. line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. point to plane. unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. 6. Hermitian. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. moments of inertia. line to line.5. vector product. centers of mass and centroids. masses. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. orthogonal. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. scalar triple product. symmetric and antisymmetric. the inner product. Pappus’ theorems. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 .
spherical polar coordinates 75 . differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. combinations of grad. divergence of a vector field. curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates.8.
Population. Pie chart. The Mode. Test statistics. Range. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Probability and Probability Distributions. Rounding of a Number. Presentation of Data Introduction.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. properties of Good Average. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Exercises. Graphs and their Construction. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Empirical Relation between Mean. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Editing of Data. Stem and Leaf Display. Diagrams. Box and Whisker Plot. Difference of means and proportions. The Mean Deviation. definition of outliers and their detection. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. bias. Bar charts. Change of origin and scale. Moments and Moments ratios. Exercises. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Exercises. Histogram. Exercises. Statistical problem. 76 . Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Ogive for Discrete Variable. The semi-Interquartile Range. Unit 2. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Type-I and Type-II errors. probability and non-probability sampling. Exercises. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. The Variance and standard deviation. Exercises Unit 6. Unit 7. Unit 5. Standardized variables. Unit 3. Collection of primary and secondary data.Annexure . Errors of measurement. sampling and non sampling errors. Discrete and continuous variables. sample design and sampling frame. Exercises. level of significance. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Types of frequency curves. null and alternative hypothesis. Different types of Averages. acceptance and rejection regions. Absolute and relative measures. Significant digits. Observations. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Sources. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Poisson and Normal Distribution. Quantiles. Unit 4. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Data. Historigram. Median and mode. sampling with and without replacement. Coefficient of variation.
Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. r and R2. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. Exercises. Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole. simple linear regression. Inc. 2005. 2 Muhammad. Contingency Tables. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. 77 . Regression and Correlation Introduction. Exercises Unit 10. Exercises Unit 9. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters..Unit 8. Coefficient of linear correlation. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. “Introduction to Statistics”. Kitab Markaz. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. F. Correlation. Testing of Hypothesis. its estimation and interpretation.. cause and effect relationships. Macmillan Publishing Co. E. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. R. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad.Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. 1982. New York. Unit 11. examples.Single Population Introduction. 3rd Ed.
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