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For BS MS
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………
6 12 14 50 51
respective accreditation councils and stake holders.PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee. and 36. degree awarding institutions. It also aimed to give a basic.). and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. R&D organizations. the Federal Government vide notification No. DR. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. therefore. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 . 2009 at the HEC Regional Center. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. universities and other institutions of higher education. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses. PROF. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30. It is. dated December 4th 1976. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation. 63. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. Lahore. imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge. D773/76-JEA (cur. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976. The world has turned into a global village.ALTAF ALI G.
EXP. REC. IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. PREP.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRI. R&D. LI R&D HEC Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. OF CURRI. UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRI. UNI. OF DRAFT BY NCRC REVIEW IMPLE. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI. OF FINAL CURRI. COL. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREP. Preparation 5 . National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. Abbreviations Used: NCRC. QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I PREP. OF NCRC.
Lahore Member 6. Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr. Rawalpindi Dr. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. Dr. Dr. Member 3. Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline. Rawalpindi Dr. Following attended the meeting:1. 7.Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre. Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall. Member 4. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head. Member 5. Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. Dr. Member 6 . Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. Karachi from 28-30.
Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof. Dr. Member 14. Dr. Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore. Member 11. Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. 7 . Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr. Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9. Dr. 13. Prof. Member 10. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. Member 15. Dr.8. Member 16. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr. Dr. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi. Karachi Member 12. Dr. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. Prof.
Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. Dr. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them.17. the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. Islamabad coordinated the meeting. Karachi. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement. Member 19. Chairman. Secretary Dr. Dr. The meeting was opened by Mr. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society. The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. 2. Mr. Shafiq-ur-Rehman. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. Mr. 8 . Member 20. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr. At first. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. 1. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. Director of HEC Regional Center. Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. Faisalabad Member 18.
2. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity. The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population. Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. 3. 4. 5. The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. 6. The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities. Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 . In last few centuries. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development.3. 1. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. The committee thanked Mr. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses.
regional and global contexts. in its preliminary meeting. Apply theoretical understanding. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 . This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. ii. 5. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences. skills and behaviour patterns. This committee. professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility. Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i. Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science.
pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme. assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science. 4. 5. 6. eight semesters in the semester system. skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3. UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles.e. Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. 2. The medium of instruction. Integrating natural sciences. that: 1. A. with consensus. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level. The 11 . 3. Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F. Sc. The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2.. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i. 1. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English. DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee.
Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13. Sociology/Anthropology* 11. Environmental Microbiology 21. Introductory Economics* 17. Introduction to Computer 14. Introduction to Earth Science 8. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. Environmental Pollution 22. Environmental Chemistry 15. Climatology* 23.proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. English-II 12. Environmental Physics 16. English-III 18. Psychology* . Introduction to Environmental Science 2. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5. SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1. Basic Chemistry* 4. English-I 6. Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19. The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order. Biology –I* 3. Biology –II* 9. Fundamentals of Ecology 20. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7.
Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25. Applied Ecology 26. Environmental Biotechnology 32. Environmental toxicology 27. Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours . Environmental Economics 29.24. Research Methods in Environmental Science 41. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28. Biodiversity & Conservation 35. Climate Change 38. 45. ELECTIVE-III 42. Natural Resource Management 40. ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. Opt. English-IV/ Univ. Environmental Monitoring 36. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31. Environmental Impact Assessment 39. 46. Environmental Management Systems 34. ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37. 44.
• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical. • Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .
2007 3. The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms. 15 . 6th Ed. Different aspects of environment: physical. regional. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth. 10th Ed. Wright. & Yonavjak. B. Pearson Educational... Botkin.L. national. 4th Ed. & Nebel. environmental pollution. history. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development. McKinney. and their relationships with various environmental factors.M. its importance in human life. development in industry and agriculture. Thomson Learning. Miller. Environmental Science: working with the Earth. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates. 2007. D. philosophical.I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY .J. proteins and nucleic acids. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment.B & Keller. ethical. Schoch. G. 2007. biological and social. urbanization. 4. 2002. poverty and resource depletion. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society. Recommended Books: 1.T. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. John Wiley & Sons. current global. M. socio-economic. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Human environment and its problems: global.A. Environmental Science: systems and solutions. R. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future. ecological. R.DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline. Major components of environment: physico-chemical. 2. L. E. lipids.
Hill International Edition. Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell. J. coordinate covalent bond. USA. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. 3. Wadsworth Group. carboxylic acids. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. N. Nucleic acids.Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life.. The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. 2008. covalent. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning. Origin of life: chemical evolution. and Whitelaw. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding. Canada. A. 2003. Ionic. Study of mitosis in onion root tip. Ltd. Cell division. USA. protobionts. 5. 5th Edetion. carbohydrates.. origin of metabolism. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. Bulter. Lewis. polypeptides in protein diversity. Cassimeris.. the molecule of genetic information and replication. Introduction to cell biology. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. M. Molecular Biology through Questions. Biology: a Human Emphasis. Australia . chemical diversity. B. chemical basis of life. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin. amines). Lingappa. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. C. 2. proteins. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus. The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. L.. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. 1996. 16 . R. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. Shier. McGraw. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals. Aromatic compounds. carbonyls. Starr. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. New York. Plopper. Cells. Structure and the basis of function. 8th Ed. phospholipids in membrane systems. and Lewis. D. E. 2007. USA. Self Assessment and Revie. 2007. 4.. lipids. G. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. R. V. lipids. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. 1. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa. esters. Crossley. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
C. M. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional).. Brimblecombe. 2005.. Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers. EC and TDS in waste water. Measurement of pH. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. Liss. Andrews. 5. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations). COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences. USA. angle-sum formula. and Holler. Binomial theorem (Simple applications). Harris. UK. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. 2nd Edition..D. Hill. Blackwell Science. W. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. USA.K. P.ions. Solution chemistry. 2004.J. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. double angle formulas. values of trigonometric functions. equations of lines (linear equations). increment in variable and distance between two points in plane. 1st Ed. Colloids chemistry. Thin layer chromatography. West. minor and cofactor of a matrix..Special Products (Binomial Expression).. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. Girard. Column chromatography. real line. law of Cosines. 2. Matrices and Determinants: Matrix. and Reid. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles. Understanding Environmental Pollution. Jickells. simultaneous equations and their solutions. 2004. T. expansion of determinants. 8th Edition..E. normal solutions/buffers. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula.H. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. Surface chemistry. series and means. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. D. straight line and related concepts. F. 6th Edition. 17 . Lab Work Preparation of molar. Photochemical reactions. graphs.M.. Cambridge University Press. molal. coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane. Osmosis and Dialysis.. D. Jones and Barlett. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra.J. Thomson and Brooks. 2003. 4. Recommended Books: 1. 2nd Edition.S. geometric and harmonic sequence. 2004. radicals. J.A. B. Algebra of matrices. UK. Canada. J. concepts of six basic trigonometric functions. D. 3. determinants. Freeman and Company..E. Skoog. P. Use of spectrophotometric techniques. Sequence and series: Arithmetic.
earthquakes and volcanoes. faults. Narosa Publishing House. Thomas. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. R. Chatterjee. lineation and unconformities. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors. by parts integration (simple applications).Cramer’s Rule. irreducible quadratic factors. Introduction to folds. California. New Delhi. joints. Introduction to rocks and minerals. its origin. 3. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions. mountain building. Recommended Books: 1. age. Abraham. 18 . composition and its internal structure. and Finney. difference. Introduction to sedimentary. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. K. weathering and erosion. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. S. J. Fossils and their significance.. Integration: Formulas of integration. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension. product and quotient rules without derivations). Earth as a member of solar system. earthquakes. plate tectonics. This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals.Wesley. 10th Ed.. Addission. G. Jr. Scott Foresman and Company. theorem of integration. Analytical Geometry. Smith.A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure .B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. the processes of their formation. D. L. Weathering. COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure . erosion and related landforms. 1999. 4th Ed. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. Pacific Grove. Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography. nonrepeated linear factors. 4. theorems on differentiation (sum. igneous and metamorphic rocks. foliation. Chain rule.B. cleavages. different earth processes like mountain buildings. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation. Trignometry for College students. 2.
2007 3. G. different classification systems. Prentice Hall: 2006. Earth Science. biodiversity crises. 11th Edition. measuring biodiversity. E. A. Lamarckism. unicellularity.II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution. Geographical aspects of biodiversity. 19 . Use of brunton compass and GPS. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water. Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources.. Biodiversity of deserts. Biodiversity of hilly areas. 5th Edition. J. 2004. Park. crucial for organisms’ sustainability. R. interactions among diversified life. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants. Tarbuck. and Tasa. Geological time chart with biodiversity.. Tarbuck. animals). J. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity. Life in sea. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat. F. J. Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology. 5. G.. causes of extinction. Darwinism. population loss and decline. and Pun. Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life. 2007 2. Lutgens. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. Prentice Hall. 2005. Biodiversity of canal. Wicander. Routledge... How Does Earth Work. examples of adjustments in varied environment. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps. Physical Geology and Process of Science.. Foundations of Structural Biology. and Monroe. Brooks/Cole.. K. consequences of losing biodiversity. K. E. R. COURSE 8 BIOLOGY . taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification.Identification of rocks and minerals. 9th Edition. Lutgens. Prentice Hall. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation. 4. Smith. D. protocell formation. F. Field Study tour. and Tasa.. multicellularity. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species.. molecular basis of biodiversity. D. modern concepts. 3rd Edition. Recommended Books: 1. invasion of life on land.
5th Edition. I. COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure . (editors). Perspective of human-environment evolution. C. Crumley. 2. culture and society. (editor). J. P.E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems. New York: New York University Press. Understanding the environment-human relationship. C. UK. power & hegemony. Goals and expectations. Contemporary environment issues and debate. K. Nora and Wilk. Recommended Books: 1. Prospect Heights. L. 4. Culture. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology. 3. and concerns. Scope and application. 2005. 2nd Edition. Wadsworth Group. Use of environment for vested interest.. 3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment. Biodiversity (An Introduction). UK. Hannen. Biology. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. The Biosphere. Chronological. USA. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions. Bradbury. UK. Inc. 2009. Gaston. Adam. Starr. Routledge. Conceptualizing environment. 2000. globalization and environmental issues. Townsend. John Wiley and Sons. IL:WavelandPress. I. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. Inc. 20 . New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. CA: AltaMira Press. J. Environmental Risks and the Media. and Sustainable Living. 2009. 2006. The Ecology of global consumer culture. 2. and Spicer. Contemporary environmental status. Tripartite nature of environment. 2003. Consumption. K.. 3. Allan & Carter. Walnut Creek. R.K. 2001. a Human Emphasis.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. Blackwell Science Ltd.
e-mail.1999. Operating system (Windows). Software: Application software.5. processing hardware. 2003.Microsoft office 2000.. Marquis A. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered. Hardware: Input Hardware. computer programs and basic applications.London 1996. G. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion. Ms-Power Point. Selin. Rutledge.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure . Ms-Access. 2. Introduction to MS-Word. output hardware. Ed. Local Area Network. Course Outlines Definition. Storage hardware. Configurations. software packages. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere.. 21 . COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure . K. Fundamentals of computer.H.6th Ed. internet. system software. Long N.BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment. Milton. Recommended Books: 1.C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components. Ms-Excel. as are their effects on the biosphere. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse. physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry. Long l. Types and classification of computers. Courter. After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry. 6. Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures.
Energy.. 5. photosynthesis.E. 2005. B.M. Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics. M. J. Electromagnetic radiation.. Turbulent diffusion. Particle physics...S. Banerji Prentice Hall of India. interaction of light with matter. Fate of pollutants in environment. Solids. Equations of fluid dynamics. Turbulence. K. Miller. Jickells..J. Chemical reactions. 2008. Fundamentals of aquatic. 1999. C... Sound and Noise. J.T. J. Entropy. Environmental Chemistry.D. Brimblecombe. Global climate and climatic change. Reducing the transmission of sound. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. UK. M.Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry. 2004. Germany. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts. P. Jones and Barlett. Heat radiation and heat transfer. Blackwell Science. Hernandez-Esparza. Nuclear energy. 2nd Edition. Turbulent jets and plumes. 4. G.G. DoriaSerrano. Springer. Environmental Chemistry. 1st Edition. 2. and Singh. Samir. their sources and toxic actions. Fregoso-Infante. 3.. 2004. Thomson-Brooks. Gaussian plumes in the air. Ibanez. T. trophic level. Measurement and comparison of the 22 . Solar spectrum. Energy conversion. Transport of pollutants. its causes and adverse effects on environment. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light. COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter. Human perceptions and noise criteria. Liquids and Gasses. Ozone and UV light. Ozone chemistry. Radioactivity and nuclear physics. USA. Diffusion. Environmental impact of various industries.. Isotopes and radioactive decay. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Andrews. P. Girard. Recommended Books: 1.. Liss. Active control of sound. and Reid.. Conversion of mass. India. atmospheric and soil chemistry. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems. Environmental Science.E. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light. Basic acoustics. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants. Canada. A. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer.
Course Outlines Introduction to economics.Economic development. Growth and development. 7th Ed. Physics of the Environment and Climate.. USA. R. C. Measures for sustainable development. Impact of economic activity on environment. S. Kentucky USA. Economic management and environmental quality. Economic functions of environment. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. Seinfeld. Economic Development. UK. USA. Boeker. 2. World Bank Publications. Pakistan economic context: National income. 2001. economic welfare and difference among all. USA. New York. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. Yusuf. interaction between ecology and economic management. economic growth. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Praxis publishing. Smith. S. 4. economic progress. M.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. Introductory Environmental Physics. 2006. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter. 2008.1998. Recommended Books: 1. Field visit. population and environmental quality. Environmental economics. Wesely Publishers. Guyot. John Wiley and Sons Inc. 2001. H. producer and community point of view. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. Environmental Physics. USA. COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. Recommended Books: 1. Todaro. Routledge. Producer behavior. Sustainable development. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. poverty. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development. economic growth and its measurement. 2008. N. and Resource allocation. E. 23 . Man environmental relationship. concepts and measurement. Natural resources and the economy. 3. Growth and Environment. P. and Pandis. and Van Grondelle. G. 2. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods. J.
& Pierce.A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems. Shogren. species. SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology. England.V. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. community and ecosystem. World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. 2008. temperature.A. water. Palgrave Macmillan. 3. B. branches of ecology. 2008. B. London. and systems ecology.. World Bank Publications. concepts and approaches. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. 2007. 2. soil. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy. Callicott.. its fundamental concepts. 4. Portland 1967. 2009. biogeography. D. the ethics of soil. Natural philosophy. C. 2002. M. Kessinger Publishing. population... LLC. COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure . levels of ecological organization. A History of Western Philosophy. 4. USA. Ecosystem and its types. and White. ethics and ecology. 24 . MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale. International Thomson Publishing. Introduction to ethical theory. Touchstone Books. Course Outlines Introduction. description of population. Frodeman. Ecology. R. Hanley. WCIV7AA. Russell. Recommended Books: 1. USA. DeVeer. community. Environmental philosophy and ethics. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. Farmington Hills. role of light. J. N. Environmental Critics of agriculture. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. J. Swift. B. Economics.3.
Chapman. G. with special emphasis on their environmental impact. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). 6th Ed. Thomson Brooks/Cole.) Moles. COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment. 1999 4. Fundamentals of Ecology. 2001 5. and More. M J. New York. Ecosystem: structure and function. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea.W. distribution limits. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems. B. M C J 1st ed. Microbial metabolism. C. Fundamentals of Ecology. Recommended Books 1. agricultural and industrial ecosystems. landscape ecology. King’s College London. Dash.L and Reiss. characteristics of urban. C. bacteria and eukarya. Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. J. WCB/McGraw-Hill. 2000. and S. Ecology (concepts and applications. Tata McGraw-Hill. After completion of this course. E P. Concepts of Limiting factors. biotic factors. Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. UK. Systems ecology. landscape changes and their importance. N. 1992. Biogeochemical cycles of C. Biomes of the world. productivity of different ecosystems. Lab Work 25 . role and application of microorganisms in the environment. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. aero-microbiology and food microbiology. 1st Ed. aquatic microbiology. Microbiology of terrestrial environments. Odum. plant geography and animal distribution. 5th Ed. 3. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. Ecology (principles and applications). UK. M. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. 2. community dynamics. and Barett. Populations. 2004. habitat and niche. various concepts of community. ecological modeling. students will be able to understand the significance. J. Population distribution and abundance. Cambridge University Press. P.Cox. population dynamics.topography and air as ecological factors. New Delhi.
Effects of Pollutants. USA.and Brendecke. 2005. 2009. and Klein. Washington DC.R.J.Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection. Human & other living organisms. 2 Edition.Gerba. USA.1998. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution. London. New Jersey. A. L. Harley.L. Marine & Industrial pollution. 2002.G. 2005. 2005.. 2. 2.. J. Environmental Pollution and Control. Types of Environmental pollution: Air.. 2007.L.M. Water. Pepper. Mean plate count. R.J. Cambridge University Press.... transportation & treatments.A. Noise. Manual of Environmental Microbiology. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology. Hartel. Maier. P.M.. its sources and their effects. Pollution Control Strategies. D. Fuhrmann. USA. Weiner. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic. McGraw Hill Inc.. American Society for Microbiology. 5.and Vesilaind. Recommended Books: 1. J. USA. Case Studies. Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents.B. and Jeffery. Knudsen. 3. C. McInernery. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal.J. I. Academic Press. 2nd Edition.W. (Elsevier) USA.. 4. Prescott. and Gerba. J. M.A.D. USA.P.. F.M. G. Solid Waste generation. M. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally..V.L. Microbiology. Peiece. Soil. Understanding Environmental Pollution. L. C. Fate of Environmental Pollutants. International Protocols (BASAL Convention).J. Academic Press. peppor. Sylvia. W. 1995. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution. D..A.F. Crawford.K. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual. isolation. 3. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution. 4th Edition. UK. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water. Hill. P. Cambridge UK. D. Prentice Hall.. Hurrst. and Stetzenbach. purification and preservation.P. Dilution plate technique. Recommended Books 1.C. Collection. nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel. and Zuberer. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines. Butterworth-Heinemann. 26 . R.I.P. Environmental Microbiology.J. Academic Press.
N. climatic zones of Pakistan.. Spyros. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere. John H.. Climatology. The climate of Pakistan. Heat and the Earth's atmosphere. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment. Surface winds. Karachi. Methods of psychology. John Wiley and Sons. The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan. The Hydrologic cycle. 27 .4.F. condensation and cloud Formation. 2006 5. COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems. The Atmosphere. Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History. Factors affecting air Pressure. .K. 6th Edition. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology. 1992. Lutgens. A. The Physics of Atmospheres. global circulation. 2002. Sadder. Marcel Dekkar. COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences.E. 4. 1988. American Public Health Association (APHA). K. Cambridge University Press. 2. Tarbuck. Austin Miller..From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. Recommended Books: 1. A brief historical background and schools of psychology. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications.W. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . 3. Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided. Mechanism of heat transfer. local winds. Weather and Climate. air pressure.2nd Editions.J. Cloud Classification. Solar radiations. concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. Houghton J. 2003. Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). Royal book company.M. Lawrance K. processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere. Radiation and climate. Environmental psychology.. Four Spheres of the Earth. Shamshad. Pandis. 5.
CRC Press. Environmental Psychology. their management and ecological restoration. soil resources of Pakistan. M.C. 28 . techniques and methods of restoration. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Routledge. Sustainable livestock management practices. Environmental perception and cognition. Water and distribution of species. concepts. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives. Future water scenario of Pakistan. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. sustainable agriculture. P.. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Eysenck. Background and scope. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan. soil erosion and conservation.characteristics and research methods. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. CRC Press. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. Sustainable agricultural practices. Fundamental of Psychology. 2001. 1992. Water as an ecological resource. solar radiation and primary production. Recommended Books: 1. Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. Routledge.W. COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change.. Fisher J. London. Ecology of food production. London. Soil as a natural resource. limitation of irrigated agriculture. soil salinity and water logging. Bell. and Baum A. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts.D. carbon dioxide and global climate change. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine. Pollution control through Ecology. energy and carbon balance. rivers. Restoration of derelict lands. Course Outline Introduction. Greene. 5th Edition. T. 2. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture.A. species response to pollutants. Ecological restoration. threats and mitigation. High population density and psychological impacts.
Pakistan’s Environment. Potentiation and Addition. Zedler. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals.W. COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals. Shirkat Gah. Organs. 3. 1996. from natural and anthropogenic sources. University of Peshawar. and Barett. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. Immunological considerations in toxicology. 29 . on human and other living organisms. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. Determination of Interaction of chemicals... Odum E. Foundations of Restoration Ecology. Determination of chemicals in biological samples. Island Press. Islamabad.1998. Chemical interactions and their types. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms. 2004. Newman. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications. toxicology of chemicals. Fundamentals of Ecology. toxicity screening using microbial systems. E. Peshawar. water and soil. and Hobbs. A. and Memon. Oxford. Lahore.National Book Foundation. dose response relationship in living organisms. R. K. J. 2006.. Synergism. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water. Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History. Falk.S. soil and air samples. B. Soil Science. 4. G. 5th Edition.I. toxins & toxicants. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. Mumtaz. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents. P. their containment and control strategies. Margaret A. 1989. K and Habib. in vivo & in vitro assays. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. 5. Toxicity: Types and its measurement. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. J. Israr-ud-Din. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management. Rashid. 2000 2. 2nd ed.Recommended Books: 1. D. Blackwell Scientific Publications. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic.A. Studies in Pakistan Geography. toxins vs toxicants. biological effects. USA. terminologies: Poisons. A. Thomson Brooks/Cole.P..
First and Second law of Thermodynamics. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis. 3.2005 2. 1993. health. Recommended Books: 30 . B. McGrawhill. COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development. measuring environmental benefits. CRC Press Llc. USA. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement. USA. economic aspects of different environmental problems.M. economic development and the environment. urbanization and pollution. USA. clean development mechanism. Williams. Course Outlines Introduction. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann. 1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development. T and Turner. Government of Pakistan. Environmental Profile of Pakistan. the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements.Recommended Books 1. industry. General and Applied Toxicology. State of the Environment-Pakistan .1 & 2. pollution control-a general model. water resources. culture. people. M. Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. Vol. major ecosystems. W. Recommended Books 1. education. 2005 2. Macmillan Press Ltd. Ecological: ecological zones. (ed. topographic zones.. 1st Edition. 1992. land. 5th Edition.D.). 1996. Economic: agriculture. geography. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York. W. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology. Ballantyne. Course Outlines Introduction to history. 1st Edition. the economic benefits of different environmental resources.Science of Poisons . Klassen. 3. P. the economy and the environment. Hughes. international trade and the environment.
D. I. Kolstad.. Spectroscopy and Chromatography. 1993. Standard solutions and standard curves. Gravimetery. D. All Solids. Fluoride. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve.1. Analytical techniques for soil. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples. Harris. Turner. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. soil (NPK and organic matter contents. 6th Edition. Oxford. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual. Environmental Economics. COD. 4.I. 2005. Titrimetery.C. Australia.J. water and plant analysis. C. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. preparation and storage. M.. Reuter. 3. and derived S. Biomarkers in environmental assessment. Johns Hopkins University Press.W. Freeman & Co. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery. 2. Conductivitymetry. K. A. Sparrow and D.and Field. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. 8th Edition. M.L. Collingwood. and F. 2003.UK.R. 2. C. D.2002. Data interpretation for quality control. 2000. Conductivitymetry.. units. CSIRO Publ. Thomson and Brooks. and Batemen. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Environmental Economics: An Introduction. USA. L. Lab Work S. Oxford University Press. Holler. West. precision and accuracy. BOD. Use of Potentiometery. D. Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling. Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH. Field.K. Skoog. Sample preservation methods. Pearce. Sample collection.K. 31 . Gravimetery. Peverill. COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. NO3–N & NH4-N).. B. J. Titrimetery.2004. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin.A. New York.. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive. salinity & sodicity). 1999. Recommended Books: 1. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction.I. 3. handling.D..
Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants. J. Biotechnology. 2005. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques. 2nd Ed. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment. Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems. Course Outlines Introduction.). Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. Environmental Biotechnology. Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques. Government of Pakistan.E. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd. COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 .W. 2005.COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments. England. PCR. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns. (ed. 4. New York. Smith. 2001. and application of biotechnology in the environment. Chichoster. students will be able to understand the significance.1999. Sambrook. A. 5th Ed. Biosensor.P. Germany. W. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures.living organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution. National Biotechnology Commission. Introduction to microbial kinetics. 3. Oxford University Press.D. Bioreactors. Derbre. Recombinant DNA technology. Scragg. and Russel. 2007. Tools in environmental biotechnology. J. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. D. USA. Cambridge University Press. 2009. 2. Isolation. Recommended Books 1. Hans- Joachim.. USA. Biomarkers. Wiley-VCH Verlag. purification and preservation of DNA. After completion of this course.. USA. J. New York. and Josef. National Biosafety Guidelines.
Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. 2009.Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. Energy Sources. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). V. Inc. 3. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1. COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . Jensen. Lulla. R. Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. Different types of maps. Guilfoud press New York. Data entry and output. Introduction to Photogrammetry. 2008. Agriculture. Dessinov. Mc Graw Hill Education. integration of information from many sources. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. map projection and coordinate systems. Cartography. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission. Rancez. Satellite Imageries. 2000. Introduction to GIS. Aerial photography. Campbell. Using and reading GPS in field. 1999. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. history and platforms. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. F. eradication of the duplicated data. Inc. Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. John Wiley and Sons. 5. Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. Active and Passive remote sensing. Forestry. Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. advantages and limitations of process. K and L. 4. Types of data used in GIS. 2. A. Interpretation. Harvey. Fishery and wildlife. Z. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. Preparation of thematic maps. John Wiley and Sons. analysis and output. History and data collection. Inc. Pearsons Education. 2000. Image Processing. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. Data acquisition. A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts.
A. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS). Michigan. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management. Environmental Economy. International Organization for Standardization. philosophical. and Qasim. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production. standards and guidelines. B. hot spots of biodiversity. Khan. Environmental Management Systems Principles. F. Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor. 2.. alpha and beta diversity. WWF Pakistan. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. Course Outlines Introduction. 1998. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. American Society for Quality. Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles. M. American Society for Quality. need and approach. threats to biodiversity. economic.3rd Edition .2nd Ed. Related Environmental legislation. Environment and sustainable development.This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits. Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1.). 4. 2001. Environmental Management tools. etc. plant. Sheldon. cleaner technologies. 34 . 2005. threats to biodiversity and its conservation. Systems and Support Techniques. 2006. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. Methods of environmental protection. principles of Cleaner production. M. 3. eco-design. Environmental aspects and impacts. and Yoxon.. social and ethical values of biodiversity.. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). ecological. COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan. Certification of EMS. Conservation of biodiversity. types of biodiversity.C.
B. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques. population. conservation strategies. 1998. P. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes. 35 . habitats. cities.. conservation and livelihood. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i. A Primer for Conservation Biology. Lahore). Sinauer.e. 2. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme. C. Saad Printers.. air. 3. role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. their categories. Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures.R. laboratory custody. 2ndEd. Kings College. London. international agreements. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. Preservation methods including pH control. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing. Lab Work Sampling techniques (air. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora. quality assessment. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan.D. refrigeration and freezing methods. NOC for plant operation. Mirza. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan. national and international laws and regulations. 2000. soil and living organisms. Sunderland. management. quality control sampling. forests. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. field custody. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. sampling and design purposes. design and types of samples.B. conservation in man-made ecosystems. Considerations. and Morre. Cox. Biogeography. role of traditional knowledge in conservation. croplands. Publ.B. Rawalpindi. protected areas. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan. Legal protection of species. community and ecosystem level. Quality assurance and quality control. plants. P. EIA requirement. presampling requirements/information. in-situ and ex-situ conservation. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment. Recommended Books: 1. Z. ecotourism. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples.conservation at species. 2000.. Course Outlines Introduction. Associates Inc. water. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring. Conservation of wildlife. chemical addition.
S. L. Forstner U. Human responses to potential climate change. Tokyo. Korte. USA. Environmental Chemistry. 2002.) McGraw-Hill. Earth Observation of Global Change. its causes and effects. extinctions. H. E. Chapman and Hall. 8. Regional droughts and 36 . I. and Guethner. 2008. Ozone depletion. human health. 7. New York. (ed) Springer. Murai. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. Chuviero. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course. UK. D. F. Keith. 3. and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change. Precipitation.1999. . USA. Energy and Temperature. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. (eds. E. 2002. D. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention. phenological changes. Peakall. biological. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. Manahan. 2. Recent Climate Change Indicators.1996. and social factors contributing to climate and global change.. USA.USA. Japan Association on Remote Sensing. agriculture. 2008. Patterns in Winds and Pressure. Air Pollution and Acid Rain. 6. 2nd Edition. 1992.Recommended Books: 1. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data. regional. R. Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. Lewis Publisher London. Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate. Moisture in the Atmosphere. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts. Physical. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide. McKlivie. 2000. Remote Sensing Note. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. N.. Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. 5. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change. altered community structure. chemical. The Measurement of Climate Change. S. Burden.
1st Edition. Islamabad. John Wiley & Sons. 2000. Cost and benefits of EIA. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. reporting. and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction. 1994. Effects. R. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment. Ministry of Housing and Works. 5. 2..A. 3. liquid. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels. Global Change and the earth system.. A. decision-making to implement the project. 3. T. review of EIA quality. 1999. John Wiley & Sons. Sringer. National Book Foundation. Recommended Books: 1. 4. 1986. London. 2005. Keith. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts. Hardy. Global Warming and Climate Change. screening.. 2005. and noise. Petts. 2005. role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis. principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan.T. mitigation and impact management. and Solutions. EIA project management. Hardy. social impact assessment (SIA). impact analysis. 6. 2004. & Nixon. A. law. Earthscan Publication Ltd.O.. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press.cataclysmic climate change.(ed). Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems. Types & Resources to produce Energy. Houghton. solids. scoping. J. Blackwell. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2). 4. (ed. Therivel. Islamabad. J. Oxford. Climate Change . EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan. Recommended Books: 1. D. 2. J.. Routledge. 2003. and Chadwick.. project implementation and follow up. 37 . Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. Climate Change . Glasson.). and Solutions. J. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems.Causes.Causes. 2003. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice.. Harrop. public involvement. London. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. Effects. COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project. J. overview. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. Main stages in EIA process.
review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. threat and its causes. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area. John Willey & Sons. threats. Asian Development Bank. Watershed management: Importance basic principles.. Types. problem in agriculture. 1993. J.). Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. management options. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level.. limitation in the future. R. Goldsmith. H. USA. forest types and its existing management. their current status and threats. wind power and nuclear power. 2nd Edition. A. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. S. their pros and cons. process and contents of the management plan. 2002. F.. national agriculture policy. solar power. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies. existing management approaches. Rangeland Management: existing status. Development of Management Plan: needs. B. Conservation in Progress. Recommended Books: 1. requirement. national and provincial legislation. best available option for future. 6. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy. Everitt. United Nations Environment Programme. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources. Lohani. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources.. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. Ludwig..B and Warren. methodologies.. importance. Carpenter. COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification. causes and methods for its improvement. management options. 38 . wildlife census. agriculture products and their share in GDP. agriculture chemicals. M. R.. B.5. national example. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level. occurrence and distribution of natural resources. New York. Evans. effective management. & McCabe. 1997. EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual. and Tu. Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. (ed. Sadler.
Methodology. Elsevier. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1. 1992. types of sampling design/. 5. Experimental Research. and Jorqensen.L. W. 3. 39 . Research Design & Research Methods. London. 1984. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). S. Sage CA. research methods. population and sampling frames. Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison). R. 2007. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data. P. Questionnaire. GOP and IUCN. Literature Search: Database. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem. Review of Literature. Bibliography. Selecting the Research Method. Search Engines. Review of Literature.1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study. Hansen. and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research. Case Studies. & Plano Clark.E.E. Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. Sampling: the logic of sampling. 1990. Thousand Oaks. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. concepts and terminologies. Creswell.A pre-requisite for Research. Material Methods.F. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. J. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design.2. Objectives. Dasmann. Research Proposal: its importance . V. to introduce students to research design. USA. Scientific Methods. Interviews.Amsterdam. Environmental Conservation. John Wiley & Sons. Islamabad. New York. Surveys. 4. How to put things together? Introduction. Inference based on findings. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. Scientific Research: Science. Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf..
6. Robert Yin. Diamon. Government of Pakistan 3. National Environmental Policy 4. 4. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance. Belmont California. G. Wadsworth Publishing Company. John and sons Ltd. 3rd Edition.Harrad. 2000. England. Sage Publishers. Case Study Research: Design and Methods.. 2003.Batty. 1989. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development. E. 2003. USA. Students project in Environmental Science. Univ.. regulations made there under. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan.S. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans. Recommended Books: 1.USA. National Conservation Strategy 5. Babbie. S. 2. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan. Law Books House. Marilyn F.2. Qadar. M. Booth. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 . 2008. 1997. SNBP Local Government Ordinance. 2001. 3. 5. Moriarty. Survey Research Methods. and Arhonditsis. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules.. of Chicago Press. 2001 and the rules of business made there under. 1997. The Craft of Research by Wayne C. USA. R. Writing Science Through Critical Thinking. 2nd Edition.. Chichester. Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act.h.
This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45
POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46
RESEARCH PROJECT/ INTERNSHIP
E-I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY
To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,
5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.
Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization. pollution aspects. 4. Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT). 3.Varis. A. integrated water resources management (IWRM).K. hydrological cycle. Islamabad.Lahore. Groundwater Resources of Pakistan.). Lahore. Oxford University Press Karachi.. virtual water. water supply and demand management measures. Indus Water Accord 1991.. precipitation distribution in Pakistan. recycling and re-use of wastewater. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. 6.1993. I. A. A. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment. 2. Pakistan. water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan. 2006. flood and drought management. Biswas. Asia Printer. and Qamar. it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects.. improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency. fisheries management. and Tortajada. wetlands resources management. 5. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry.. and Malik. Mirajuddin Publication . Pakistan . with drinking water facilities like springs. watershed/catchment. K. U. Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia. like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. (eds. Course Outlines Water resource and its management. 2006.). Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. groundwater exploitation. 44 . water quality and quantity aspects.E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan. Briscoe.. The Politics of Managing Water. SDPI Oxford University Press... Khan. P. Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant. C. 2003. Recommended Books: 1. N. 1993. N. R. R. Cheema. Bengali. Ahmed. Revised & enlarged edition. (ed. Islamabad. Mirajuddin Publication . 2005. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan. flood and droughts. Ahmed. climate change and its impacts on our future water resources. O. J. Oxford University Press New Delhi. tubewells.
D. Miller. and Weil. NJ. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization. Physical and chemical properties of soil. urbanization in Pakistan. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. Prentice Hall. Upper Saddle River. future of urban centers. Brady. residential mobility and the neighborhood change. Forms of urbanization. transport. Urban ecosystem. management and green productivity.C. R. Academic Press. Soil degradation. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. urban landscapes characteristics. 2007. soils. Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. National Book Foundation. After completion of this course. CA. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. 2008. Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils. NJ. USA. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. 45 . urban flora and fauna.E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. 2007. humans as components of urban ecosystems. USA. 1. Course Outlines Introduction.. PrenticeHall. Soil forming minerals. San Diego. and Bantel. Bashir. 11th Edition. Hillel. Islamabad. Course Outlines Introduction. 1996.. Factors and processes of soil formation. hydrological processes. Causes of urbanization. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. Soils in Our Environment. R. Process and outcome. Cation and anion exchange.T. N. R. Soil Science.R. urban patterns and ecosystem functions. Upper Saddle River. the salient features of urban environments. USA. E. Urbanization. Pakistan. Definition. Gardiner. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations. D. urban political ecology.W. Soil buffering capacity and its importance. urban settlements. Types and properties of parent materials.
Types of Urban Plans. Hejny. The planning process. Penguin Group. City Design for Sustainable Development. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. Alberti. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level. A. S.L.S. London. The Ecology of Urban Habitats. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city. Chapman and Hall. UK. Gilbert.. New trends in planning and city management. E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. 2. 2. UR. 3. Elements of urban planning.and Kowaril. SAGE Publications Ltd.and Maser.. UK. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation. 2006. The Works: Anatomy of a City. 46 . C. Routledge. Principles of planning. USA. M. CRC Press LLC. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. V. 2004. SBS academic publishing. Silberstein. Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. Routledge.. Ward. USA. 2000. Hough. Levels of planning. Springer. Smith.. 4. 2007.1990.Recommended Books: Urban Ecology. S. 1989. nd 2 Edition. UK. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area. Justification for planning for city management. Land use planning theories. Sukopp. 1. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. nature and purpose of urban planning. Recommended Books: 1. J. 5.. O. I. Planning and Urban Change. H. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems. Planning and its relationship with other professions. Scope. Hague. New York. D. 2009. London. Kate. Planning theories and concepts. M. 2004. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans. Aims and Objectives of planning.
E&UA Div. i. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. Disaster Management Trainings and Policies. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research. UK. P. Socio-economic factors. Clara. Westview Press. Role of Media in Disaster Management. Chapman & Hall.3. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards.. Landslide. The Environment as Hazard Burton I.UNESCO. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms. Introducing Town Planning. 2nd Edition.J. Longman Group.. Flooding. Paris. 1993.. International phenomenon. Manila. Government of Pakistan.B.. New York. 47 . Earthquake Management. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies. It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. 1991. Physical factors.e. Boulder . Natural cycles and their role. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies. Cultural factors. 3. 1986. 4. Kates. 4.W.. Political factors. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). Disaster as an opportunity for development. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization. 1993. ADB. New York. Flood Management: Organizational Role. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N. Earthquake.F. The Guilford Press. D. It discusses a wide range of aspects. 1993. Recommended Books: 1. Different approaches and Indicators. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures. R. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors. Hazards. Natural Disasters Alexander. H. Islamabad. and White G. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters. Techniques and methods to assess hazard. Ministry of Housing and Works. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development.W. Prediction. M. G... Disaster Management: Components of management. 2. 1989. and Woodrow..
Course Outlines Energy-development and environment. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America. uses. 2. consumers. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. R.. Schoch.L. 2007. 2001. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. Biotic structure. 1. 48 . USA.5. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. 6. local. Agroecology. Ecological concept in crop and food production. L. 4th Edition. solar. hydropower. 3. Quorum Books. OECD/IEA. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources. Westport. biomass resources.A. 2007.H. alternate energy resources. F. John Wiley and Sons. primary producers. Consumer and producer relationship. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. Phytoremediation and bioremediation. Perry R.W. sustainable energy management. 1983. Sustainable livestock management. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. A. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation. McKinney. decomposers. 1984. and Yonavjak. 6th Edition.M.C. M. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems. E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals. types.. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem. Deforestation for agricultural purposes. energy resources. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers. Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem. energy resources of Pakistan.B and Keller. Disasters and Development Cuny. and Mushkatel. Paris.. environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life. New York. Botkin. merits and demerits of wind. E. D. Farming practices for pests and weeds control.
Experimental Plant Ecology. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species. USA. Yandermeer J. Altreri. Boulder. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture.R.M. India. R. and Rossel. USA. Kapur.Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram. C.A. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species. Corol.. CBS Publishers and Distributors. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity. M. New Delhi. 2000. E-11 Seminar 49 . 2. and Sudha.P. New York. 3. Agrocology.G.Determination of density and abundance of plant species. 1990. P. 1995. McGraw Hill Publishing Company. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity. Westview Press.H. Study of stratification and profile diagram. Study of index of diversity. Recommended Books: 1.
the Committee agreed on the following principles. 3. 50 . 2.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor. 5. that: 1. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science. availability of the faculty and other facilities. The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines. The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization. 4. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions. The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science.
17. 7. Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. 19. 4. 9. 2. 3. 5. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 3. 7. 10. 6. 20. 14. 11.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1. 23. 2. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. 24. 12. 21. 9. 10. The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. 8. 4. 5. 8. 11. 6. 26. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 . 25. 18. 16. 13. 15. 12. 22.
. Ball. 52 . Amsterdam. Money. 1987. Provincial and Local Strategies. F. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS).E. and Bell.T.DETAILS OF M. 2. 3. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan. Mackenzie J. Khan K. NCS. FURTHER READINGS 1. and Jorqensen. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan.1995. status of Terrestrial. Hodder and Stoughton. 4. GOP and IUCN. Elsevier. S. development of concepts.1994. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future.F. P. London. London Black Stone Press Ltd. S. Oxford University Press. Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management. Geography of Pakistan.1994. S. Recommended Books: 1.A. Instruments and methods. 1992. Regional and International Environmental Issues. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. D. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall. 2nd Edition. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment. Relationship of culture. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan... technology and resource use. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space. Karachi.E. Conservation Strategies. Oxford University Press. Mackenzie. 2. Environmental control Policies. Draft National Environmental Policy.. Hansen. WCS. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences. Islamabad. 1991. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems.1991. Treaties. Carrying capacity and sustainable development.S. Conventions and Protocols in Global. Environment People and Economy.. 3. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling. COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management.
role and importance. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition).. social impact assessment. C. Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. 2.A. A. Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Government of Pakistan. ecological impact assessment.COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction. DC. John Wiley & Sons. Recommended Books: 1. Burnt Hill. England. A one Publishers Lahore. sampling rules. 1993. WB. Longman Scientific and Technical. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. ed. Demographic impact assessment. Ahmed. Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. Principles of physical. D. Case Studies and review. 53 . Environmental Chemical Analysis. Environment Department. procedures and methods of EIA. Washington.Vanclay. Gas Chromatography etc. opportunities and issues. Cost benefit analysis of projects. Wood. Environmental auditing. COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. F & Bronstein. Longman House. UK. K. Environmental and Social Impact assessment. 3. Recommended Books: 1. Wastewater. Assessment of environmental impacts. Sectoral guidelines for EIA. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. sample collection and preservation. World Bank. Air and Solid Waste. Chichester. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. process. 1995. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements. FURTHER READINGS 1. Ed. Ministry of Environment. 1995. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants. economic impact assessment. Harlow Essex. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery. 2. History.
John Wiley and Sons. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. Project Management Institute. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). 2001. specific objectives. Basic Environmental Health. COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems. New York. Project Initiation. 1997.. Mantel s. Wiley Interscience. M/S Banarsid. Recommended Books: 1. L. Government Policies and Programs. activities. 2002. Project Planning and Approval Processes. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). assumptions. Defining Project objectives.. 54 . means of verification. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. and Wright. Occupational Health: problems and issues. B. Yassi. A Guide to Project Management.. Project Planning.. Project Life Cycle. Planning Commission Performas. Lippmann. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. Primary health care services. safety techniques.. Kjelllström. Ergonomic and Safety. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic. inputs. USA. principles and practices. Resource Mobilization. Reasons for Project success or failure. 5. de Kok. outputs. 2. S. London. 1st Ed. development objectives. 2nd Ed. Nebel. UK. J. Caeneross. 1st ed. Environmental Health Engineering. T. Accident prevention and safety plans. Inc. R.. food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. Prentice Hall International Inc. M. Van Nostrand and Reinhold. J. 1998.. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. 1993. 4. Park.COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project. Oxford University Press New York. T. work breakdown structure. Writing Project Proposal. prevention and control. feasibility study. T. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. air borne. USA. Project Management: A Managerial Approach.2000. R.. 1992. A. T. Public health concept. indicators. and Guidotti. economic evaluation. 1st Ed. 2. Need identification. 3. Meredith J.. K. communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne. MS Project Recommended Books: 1.
Recommended Books: 1. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). Michigan-January 2001. John Wiley and Sons. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family.COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. Sources of data. nuclear) local. Sayre. OECD/IEA. gas. Principles of cleaner production.M. 4. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. 2. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. 3. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. ISO Central Secretariat. merits and demerits of wind. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. 2001. hydropower.. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor. Environmental auditing. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal. Botkin. M. Switzerland. Recommended Books: 1. 1998. 4th Edition.L. sustainable energy management for agriculture.A. Schoch. Environmental Auditing. non-renewable and renewable. uses. 3. USA. 2007. D. 1990b. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. 55 . solar. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). St Luise Press. alternate energy resources. McKinney. 2.B and Keller. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. bio-energy resources. and Yonavjak. E. 2007. principles and elements of the process of EMS. R. Paris. Related Environmental regulations. data collection and interpretation. energy resources. petroleum. industry and domestic sectors. 6th Edition. energy resources of Pakistan. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management. types. Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. L. transport. Paris. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms. D.
E. types and their climatic effects. Green House Gases. plant invasions.COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. Effects. 2005. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. human activities and vegetation dynamics.Causes. Maarel. Modeling of climate change. D. forests. ECOPE 29. 1. Effects. Vegetation Ecology Ed. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. Chichester. 4. 2003. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. K. Houghton. & Charlesworth. resources and plants. 2003. J. geographical and temporal patterns.. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics. J. 2005. UK. Beck. John Wiley & Sons. management and restoration. 2. D. Introduction to Plant Population Biology. ED. and Solutions. Climate change and food production. COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. Silvertown. etc. The Green House Effect. Warrick. J. Plant Ecology. B & Jager. and Solutions. plant conservation. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. 3.Causes. T. Recommended Books: 1. Climate Change . Blackwell Publishing. Climate Change . Springer. Life history strategies of plants.). competition and coexistence. Hardy.D. Hardy. (Ed. John Wiley & Sons. 3. 2005. 56 . survival and extinction. Recommended Books: 1. climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. E & Muller-Hohenstein. 2. global aspects of plant ecology. Species richness.T. Blackwell Publishing. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. 2004. Plant population dynamics. Shulze. types of climate change models.. Berlin. UK 1991. 1st Edition. 5. vegetation dynamics. Oxford UK. Earthscan Publication Ltd. London. Oxford. John Wiley & Sons. water resources. Climate Change and Ecosystems. 2005.
D. 5. Protection and restoration of species. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. 1973 2. their types and role in conservation.L. Global and national biodiversity. USA. distribution and management. threats and conservation.) Gaston. & Ripley. status. Recommended Books: 1. B. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation. & Spicer. Robinson. T. Mcmillan. W. 1998. Oxford. distribution. Oxford University Press.J. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity. Oxford. kinds. Threatened animals and plants. Conserving Living Natural Resources. deforestation and its control. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management. Biodiversity: An introduction. UK. 4. 1986. Establishment and management of protected areas. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity. Weddell. types. I). In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. their importance. 1984. Cambridge University Press. 1992. S. And Bolen. Participatory forest management. Principles of Wildlife Management. 3. Sinauer Assocaites.J.(2nd Ed. UK. E. J. Loss of biodiversity. Publishers Sunderland. T. K. Roberts. J. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. Sustainable forest management. Wildlife Ecology and Management.J. Forest plantations.A. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan. 3. Oxford University Press. II). Oxford University Press. types. 2004. 2. Oxford. biological diversity. their ecological and economic importance. distribution. Recommended Books: 1. Cambridge. London. its causes. 57 . Status of forests in Pakistan. John Wiley And Sons. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali. Forests. Extinction of species. Rangeland management. Roberts. problems and solutions. FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. habitats and ecosystems. 2002. Primack. Bailey.G. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. R. Wildlife of Pakistan. Protected areas in Pakistan.J. Wetlands. Essentials of Conservation Biology. 2002. Cambridge. Inc.COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction. Protected areas. COURSE 11 WILDLIFE.B. S. Blackwell Publsihing. Consumptive. management.
1993. 1986. USA. Penguin Group. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. Clara. 2. Urban land use planning and management. management of transport. Kate. E&UA Div. urban landscape characteristics.COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction. urban systems and their characteristics. sanitation. A. Ward. drinking water and solid waste in cities. Forms of urbanization. Planning and Urban Change.. 58 . J. S. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages. UK. 2004. Environmental problems of urban life. London. 2007. urban political ecology. V. The Works: Anatomy of a City. 4. Urban planning and management in Pakistan. USA. Recommended Books: 1. CRC Press LLC.. Longman Group. Ministry of Housing and Works.and Maser. 2000. future of urban centers. G. New York. SAGE Publications Ltd.. Introducing Town Planning. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. 3. UK. C. Silberstein. urbanization in Pakistan.. Sustainable cities. H. Islamabad. Government of Pakistan.
Annexure .J. Exercises 1. Martinet. Thomson and A. ISBN 0194313492 59 .V.A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1. Third edition. Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. Practical English Grammar by A. a) Functional English Grammar 1. 1997. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. Oxford University Press.
Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. Oxford Supplementary Skills.J. Writing. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Upper Intermediate. Martinet. and speed reading. minutes of meetings. b) Practical English Grammar by A. 1997. Fourth Impression 1993. intensive and extensive. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. Third Impression 1992. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. Third edition. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs.V. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. Reading/Comprehension 1.2. Exercises 2. Oxford Supplementary Skills. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 . Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. Reading. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. Thomson and A. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Oxford University Press. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning.
Practical English Grammar by A. Exercises 2. introduction to presentations. Oxford Supplementary Skills. content.V. Advanced. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. 2. Oxford Supplementary Skills. discursive. language. Martinet. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1.J. narrative.1. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Thomson and A. Writing. Reading. Writing. form. Oxford Supplementary Skills. b) Writing 1. Oxford University Press 1986. c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. Third Impression 1991. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. clarity. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Writing. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. Advanced by Ron White. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 . Fourth Impression 1993. Third edition. Reading 1. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. Fourth Impression 1992. Third Impression 1992. 2. descriptive and argumentative writing). ISBN 0 19 453403 0.
(A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. Kirszner and Stephen R. A Custom Publication. Kathleen Shine Cain. descriptive.(particularly suitable for discursive. 2004. 3. 2. Martin’s Press. St. argumentative and report writing). 62 . Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. College Writing Skills by John Langan. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. Compiled by norther Illinois University. without taxing the taste of engineering students). Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. Mandell.
S.B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. 1958-71 c. Contemporary Pakistan a. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. Economic institutions and issues b. 2. ideological background of Pakistan. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. 1999 onward 3. 2000. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan.Annexure . 3. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. People and Land i. government. 63 Books Recommended 1. Shahid Javed. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. 1988-99 f. . contemporary Pakistan. national development. 1947-58 b. S. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. State & Society in Pakistan. Ethnicity d. 1994. b. 2. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Historical Perspective a. Lahore. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. Study the process of governance.M. 1993. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. Karachi: Oxford University Press. 4. politics. Indus Civilization ii. Safdar. Location and geo-physical features. Society and social structure c. Course Outline 1. Mehmood. Akbar. Zaidi. 1971-77 d. Muslim advent iii. 1977-88 e.
Safdar. Sayeed.K. Haq. 9. 12.5. 14. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. Khalid Bin. 1998. Ethno . 1980. Ziring. 1967. Enigma of Political Development. Washington: American Enterprise. Noor ul. Lahore: Vanguard. 1980. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Party. 1972. 6. 13.National Movement in Pakistan. Islamabad. II & III. 1993. 10. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia. Ansar. Muhammad Waseem. Mehmood.The Emergence of Banglades. Vol. M. 11. 1987. Zahid. 8. Institute of Public Policy Research. Pakistan Under Martial Law. Club Road. Afzal. The Political System of Pakistan. K. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Lawrence. Amin. Tahir. Politics in Pakistan. Aziz. Wayne. 64 . Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. nd. Rafique. Wilcox. History & Culture of Sindh. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. 1976. 7. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. Karachi: Royal Book Company.. I. Political Parties in Pakistan.
W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.57.58.C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.56. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.21.A.20) Related to thinking.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.A.40.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S. 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 .6.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.Annexure .19.Tadabar (Verse No1.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.A.A.
in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt.
“Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. IRI. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. “Studies in Islamic Law. “Emergence of Islam” . Bhatia. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. Ahmad Hasan. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute.” Hussain Hamid Hassan. International Islamic University. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq.3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. Pakistan.S. Islamabad (2001) 67 . ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi.
functions. 1987. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. Boston 68 . matrix inverse. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. 1978. cube roots of unity. types. introduction to sets. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. equations reducible to quadratic equations. not majoring in mathematics. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. Sharron S. Wooton W. Cramer’s rule. harmonic progression. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. PWS-Kent Company. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. PWS-Kent Company. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. Boston Swokowski EW.D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. College Algebra and Trigonometry. geometric progression. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. 1986. determinants. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. complex numbers. Beckenback EF. system of linear equations. set operations. trigonometric identities. types of functions. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. Houghton & Mifflin. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression.Annexure . Recommended Books: Dolciani MP.
John Wiley. 1983. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. continuous functions. rational and transcendental functions. Davis S. not majoring in mathematics. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. distance between two points. equation of a line. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. Finney AR. inequalities. 1995. continuity. Bevens I. Addison-Wesley. Reading. Ma. 2005. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. Recommended Books: Anton H. change of variables in indefinite integrals. distance between a point and a line. integration by parts. parallel and perpendicular lines. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). differentiation of polynomial. Calculus (11th edition). with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines.2. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. integration by substitution. left-hand and right-hand limits. Boston Thomas GB. slope of a line. functions and their graphs. not majoring in mathematics. derivatives. Calculus (3rd edition). MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. various forms of equation of a line. PWS-Kent Company. 2005. New York Stewart J. solution of equations involving absolute values. intersection of two lines. 69 . angle between two lines. USA 3. Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh.
hyperbola. 1987. functions. set operations.Circle: Equation of a circle. Boston Swokowski EW. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. Introduction to sets. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. 1969 Kaufmann JE. ellipse. Cramer’s rule. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. equations reducible to quadratic equations. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. 70 . types of functions. College Algebra and Trigonometry. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. Conic Sections: Parabola. PWS-Kent Company. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). types of matrices. Analytic Geometry. Boston 4. system of linear equations. Freshman and Company. circles determined by various conditions. • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. • Contents 1. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. locus of a point in various conditions. inverse of matrices. 1986. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. determinants. Scott. PWS-Kent Company. intersection of lines and circles. nature of roots of quadratic equations.
Latest Edition. bar frequency diagram histogram. moments. characteristics of statistics. discrete and continuous series. Prentice Hall. Books Recommended: 1. relationship of statistics with social science. W. PWS-Kent Company.. Swokowski. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. 2. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. Latest Edition. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. R. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. Walpole. Boston. 3. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. types of frequency series. R. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. cumulative frequency curve. array. ungrouped and grouped data. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. 5. Kaufmann. deciles and percentiles. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. tally sheet method. E. individual. skewness and kurtosis. Measures of dispersion: Range. quartiles. Latest Edition. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. trigonometric identities. Graphs: Graph of straight line.. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. 71 .. circle and trigonometric functions. standard deviation. E. frequency polygon. 2. variance. 4.. E.geometric and harmonic progressions. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. Wilcox. R. J.
Boston. 4th edition. quotients. implicit differentiation. Davis. Continuity. Rational and Transcendental Functions. 3rd Edition. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. Jhon Willey & Sons. John Wiley & Sons. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. I. the inverse of differentiation. 2. 5. theorems of differentiation. Hughes-Hallett. 6. et al. 2005. Addison Wesley publishing company. integral inequalities. S. integration by inspection. 4. integration by parts. Recommended Books: 1. E. Contents 1. integration using partial fractions. special points of a function. Anton. Integration by Parts. and Transcendental Functions. 11th Edition. Solution of equations involving absolute values. reduction formulae. 1983. substitution method. W. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. Least-Squares Line. 3. Elliott Mendelson. Prentice-Hall. 1999. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. H. Bevens. Calculus. logarithmic integration. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. logarithmic differentiation. Calculus. Schaum’s Outline Series. 2. McCallum. Extreme Values of Functions. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. Trigonometric Functions. Leibnitz’ theorem. Inc. products. Swokowski. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . Gleason. sinusoidal function.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. applications of integration. plane polar coordinates. 2005. • Integration Integration from first principles. Rational Functions. Inequalities. Second Edition 1992. Mathews. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. Thomas.Jr. Inc. the chain rule. 2002. 6. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. Equation of a Line. Calculus Single and Multivariable. 8th edition. Continuous Functions. infinite and improper integrals. Slope of a Line. Calculus. Frank A. John H.
the difference method. approximation errors in Taylor series. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. finding the nth roots of unity. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4. identities of hyperbolic functions. series involving natural numbers. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. modulus and argument. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. multiplication.Additions and subtraction. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. complex conjugate. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 . inverses of hyperbolic functions. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. geometric series. arithmetico-geometric series. alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. solving hyperbolic equations.
Pappus’ theorems. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. of a unitary matrix. masses. orthogonal. Hermitian. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. point to plane. line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7. centers of mass and centroids. line to line. vector product. of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 . vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. 6. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. symmetric and antisymmetric. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. scalar triple product. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. the inner product. unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. moments of inertia.5.
differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. divergence of a vector field. div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. combinations of grad. curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions.8. spherical polar coordinates 75 .
Bar charts. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Unit 3. Quantiles. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. The Mean Deviation. Statistical problem. Data. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Box and Whisker Plot. null and alternative hypothesis. Coefficient of variation. properties of Good Average. Moments and Moments ratios. Collection of primary and secondary data. Histogram. The semi-Interquartile Range. Range. Unit 7. Absolute and relative measures. Rounding of a Number. sample design and sampling frame. Exercises. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Graphs and their Construction. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Test statistics. definition of outliers and their detection. Observations. Exercises. Empirical Relation between Mean. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. The Variance and standard deviation. Unit 4. acceptance and rejection regions. Historigram. sampling and non sampling errors. Exercises. Exercises Unit 6. Unit 2. Ogive for Discrete Variable.Annexure . sampling with and without replacement. Standardized variables. Discrete and continuous variables. probability and non-probability sampling. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Population. Errors of measurement. 76 . Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. Change of origin and scale. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Different types of Averages. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Poisson and Normal Distribution. bias. Editing of Data. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Probability and Probability Distributions. Presentation of Data Introduction. Type-I and Type-II errors.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Significant digits. Exercises. The Mode. Pie chart. Sources. Unit 5. Difference of means and proportions. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. Exercises. Stem and Leaf Display. Types of frequency curves. Exercises. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Diagrams. level of significance. Median and mode.
3rd Ed.Unit 8. Testing of Hypothesis.. F. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. Exercises. Macmillan Publishing Co. Kitab Markaz. 77 . Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad.. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. 2 Muhammad. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. Inc. Unit 11. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. 1982. R. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. 2005. examples. Regression and Correlation Introduction. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. r and R2.Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. Correlation. New York. Coefficient of linear correlation. simple linear regression. its estimation and interpretation.Single Population Introduction. cause and effect relationships. “Introduction to Statistics”. E. Exercises Unit 9. Exercises Unit 10. Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. Contingency Tables.
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