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For BS MS
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………
6 12 14 50 51
certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. It also aimed to give a basic. It is. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976. therefore. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. dated December 4th 1976. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation. The world has turned into a global village. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30. the Federal Government vide notification No. universities and other institutions of higher education. D773/76-JEA (cur. PROF. SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 . Lahore.PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. 63. degree awarding institutions. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee. DR.). revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. and 36. 2009 at the HEC Regional Center. the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. respective accreditation councils and stake holders. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards. R&D organizations. imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration.ALTAF ALI G.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments.
R&D. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I PREP. Abbreviations Used: NCRC. UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRI. REC. Preparation 5 . OF NCRC. EXP. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI. IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. COL. QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREP.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRI. OF FINAL CURRI. OF DRAFT BY NCRC REVIEW IMPLE. LI R&D HEC Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. PREP. OF CURRI. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. UNI.
Rawalpindi Dr. Member 6 . Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr. Dr. Member 4. Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head. April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. Following attended the meeting:1. Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. Rawalpindi Dr. Lahore Member 6. Karachi from 28-30. 7. Dr. Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2. Dr. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. Member 5.Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre. Member 3.
Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore. Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof. Member 15. Dr. Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. Karachi Member 12. Dr. Dr. Prof. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr. Dr. Dr. Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof. Member 11. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. Dr. Member 16. 7 . Member 14.8. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. 13. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr. Prof. Member 10.
Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. Dr. Mr. At first. The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. Islamabad coordinated the meeting. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr.17. Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. Shafiq-ur-Rehman. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement. Dr. 8 . Director of HEC Regional Center. Chairman. 2. 1. Mr. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. Karachi. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. The meeting was opened by Mr. the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. Member 19. Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. Member 20. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. Secretary Dr. Faisalabad Member 18.
The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 . The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. 4. The committee thanked Mr. These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses. In last few centuries. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development.3. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. 5. 3. 1. The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities. Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity. The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. 6. 2. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities.
and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 . Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems. Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. skills and behaviour patterns. This committee. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. ii. Apply theoretical understanding. regional and global contexts. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility. in its preliminary meeting. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. 5. RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv. Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5. professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today.
DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee. Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science. Sc. The medium of instruction. Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature. eight semesters in the semester system. assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science. A. 6. 3. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i. 1.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. Integrating natural sciences. 2. UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles. pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3. The 11 . 5. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F. with consensus. that: 1.e.. skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes. 4. The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level.
English-I 6. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. Environmental Microbiology 21. Sociology/Anthropology* 11. Basic Chemistry* 4. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5. Climatology* 23.proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. Environmental Physics 16. Environmental Chemistry 15. English-III 18. Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19. Introductory Economics* 17. Environmental Pollution 22. The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order. Fundamentals of Ecology 20. Biology –I* 3. Psychology* . Introduction to Environmental Science 2. Biology –II* 9. Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13. English-II 12. Introduction to Computer 14. SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1. Introduction to Earth Science 8.
Environmental Management Systems 34. 46. Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25. Environmental Impact Assessment 39. ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37. Applied Ecology 26. Environmental toxicology 27. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30. 45. ELECTIVE-III 42. 44. Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours . ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28. Environmental Economics 29.24. English-IV/ Univ. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. Climate Change 38. Environmental Monitoring 36. Biodiversity & Conservation 35. Natural Resource Management 40. Opt. Research Methods in Environmental Science 41. Environmental Biotechnology 32.
• Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical.
6th Ed. development in industry and agriculture. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY . R..L. Different aspects of environment: physical. 15 .J. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future. McKinney. & Nebel. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts. socio-economic. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. regional. Schoch. poverty and resource depletion. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development. biological and social. M. 2007 3. Environmental Science: systems and solutions. 10th Ed. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society.T. Miller. urbanization. Thomson Learning. 4.. G. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. its importance in human life. national. B. The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms. current global. Pearson Educational. philosophical. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth.I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life. 2002. lipids. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment. L. proteins and nucleic acids. R. 2. environmental pollution. Recommended Books: 1. E. & Yonavjak.B & Keller. John Wiley & Sons. Major components of environment: physico-chemical. 4th Ed.DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline. ethical. Environmental Science: working with the Earth. 2007. Wright. ecological.A. D. and their relationships with various environmental factors. history. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates. Human environment and its problems: global.M. Botkin. 2007.
Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell. Aromatic compounds. E. N. The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. 8th Ed. 2007. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa. covalent. A. 2007. D. Cells. chemical diversity. lipids. polypeptides in protein diversity. and Whitelaw. G. V. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. R. phospholipids in membrane systems. Study of mitosis in onion root tip. chemical basis of life. the molecule of genetic information and replication. Canada. The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. USA. Starr. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions. and Lewis. 2003. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. 5. R. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. Self Assessment and Revie. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. 5th Edetion. Plopper. M. Shier. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. Structure and the basis of function. protobionts. 2008. 2. Wadsworth Group. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. Cassimeris. esters.Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology.. 1. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. proteins. New York. Crossley... Biology: a Human Emphasis. L. USA. B. C. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods. carbonyls.. Lewis. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding. 3.. lipids. amines). USA. carboxylic acids.Hill International Edition. Molecular Biology through Questions. McGraw. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals. J. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning. Cell division. Origin of life: chemical evolution. 4. origin of metabolism. Nucleic acids. Bulter. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Lingappa. Ionic. coordinate covalent bond. 1996. 16 . enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations. Introduction to cell biology. Ltd. Australia . Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. carbohydrates. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus.
T. Canada. and Reid. 8th Edition.H. 2005. and Holler. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations). Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. law of Cosines.K. Cambridge University Press.. Harris. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. Jickells. Andrews. 6th Edition. Thomson and Brooks. West. Surface chemistry. USA. radicals.E. Brimblecombe. 2nd Edition. Solution chemistry. D. Matrices and Determinants: Matrix.J. Sequence and series: Arithmetic. 5. Colloids chemistry. graphs. 2003. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula. COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences. concepts of six basic trigonometric functions.J. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Photochemical reactions. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. P. Skoog.A. J. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra. UK. P. 2004. Liss. series and means. real line.. UK. double angle formulas. 2.. minor and cofactor of a matrix.. Jones and Barlett. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane. Thin layer chromatography. equations of lines (linear equations). Measurement of pH. determinants. B.ions. Lab Work Preparation of molar. Blackwell Science. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. 2004. simultaneous equations and their solutions. Binomial theorem (Simple applications). coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane.S.. 2004. normal solutions/buffers. Hill. Freeman and Company. 1st Ed. EC and TDS in waste water. Girard. Algebra of matrices. 17 . Understanding Environmental Pollution. USA. Recommended Books: 1.E. J. 3. angle-sum formula.. Osmosis and Dialysis. D. 2nd Edition. 4. straight line and related concepts. Use of spectrophotometric techniques.. F.Special Products (Binomial Expression). Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers.M.C. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional).. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles. D.. values of trigonometric functions.D. Column chromatography. M. expansion of determinants. geometric and harmonic sequence. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. W. molal.
California. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions. Weathering. 10th Ed. Introduction to rocks and minerals. L. Introduction to sedimentary.A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure . 4. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. difference. theorems on differentiation (sum. Abraham. New Delhi. Jr. lineation and unconformities. 3. J.. Analytical Geometry. K. nonrepeated linear factors. G.B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. igneous and metamorphic rocks. Chatterjee. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors. irreducible quadratic factors. weathering and erosion. 4th Ed. mountain building.B. Pacific Grove. theorem of integration. its origin. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. age. D. Fossils and their significance. Trignometry for College students. COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure . and Finney. S. Smith. 2. Narosa Publishing House. the processes of their formation.Wesley. foliation. Scott Foresman and Company. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation. different earth processes like mountain buildings. cleavages. Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography. 1999. 18 .. Integration: Formulas of integration. faults. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. by parts integration (simple applications). joints. plate tectonics. Addission. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension. Recommended Books: 1. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. earthquakes and volcanoes. This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals. Introduction to folds. Thomas. R. product and quotient rules without derivations). composition and its internal structure. earthquakes. erosion and related landforms. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment.Cramer’s Rule. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. Earth as a member of solar system. Chain rule.
multicellularity.. R. and Monroe.. Recommended Books: 1. Physical Geology and Process of Science. 3rd Edition. unicellularity. 4... Field Study tour. Wicander. K. Life in sea. 2004. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants. modern concepts. causes of extinction. Prentice Hall: 2006. J. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis. Smith. E. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification.II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution. and Pun. K. measuring biodiversity. Routledge. different classification systems. Tarbuck. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. Geographical aspects of biodiversity. protocell formation. COURSE 8 BIOLOGY . population loss and decline. and Tasa. molecular basis of biodiversity.. and Tasa. crucial for organisms’ sustainability. 5. Earth Science.. G. 2005. interactions among diversified life.Identification of rocks and minerals. F. Tarbuck. Brooks/Cole. biodiversity crises. Lamarckism. E. Biodiversity of hilly areas. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories. Geological time chart with biodiversity. 11th Edition. F. animals). Foundations of Structural Biology. 19 . environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms.. Prentice Hall. 9th Edition.. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity. J. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat. Lutgens. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation. A. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species. 2007 3. R. Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life. Darwinism. How Does Earth Work. Biodiversity of deserts. D.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. 5th Edition. Prentice Hall. Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. J. G. Park. consequences of losing biodiversity. Lutgens. 2007 2. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water.. Use of brunton compass and GPS. invasion of life on land. Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology. D. Biodiversity of canal. examples of adjustments in varied environment.
Nora and Wilk. IL:WavelandPress. Contemporary environmental status. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology. 2. Chronological. 3. Bradbury. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. UK.K. 2009. (editor). R. Understanding the environment-human relationship. New York: New York University Press. culture and society. Consumption.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. Inc. 2001. UK. CA: AltaMira Press. The Biosphere. 20 . Culture. C. Wadsworth Group. C. Starr.. 5th Edition. Tripartite nature of environment. Hannen. Blackwell Science Ltd. 2. 2006. Prospect Heights. Townsend. Perspective of human-environment evolution. I. J. Allan & Carter. K. K. J. Scope and application. Crumley.. 2nd Edition. P. New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. John Wiley and Sons. and concerns. power & hegemony. 3. and Spicer. Walnut Creek. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure . Gaston. Routledge. UK. Environmental Risks and the Media. The Ecology of global consumer culture. 2003. I.E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems. Adam. 2000. 3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment. L. Goals and expectations. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. Inc. 2009. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions. Use of environment for vested interest. (editors). 2005. Conceptualizing environment. Biodiversity (An Introduction). Biology. 4. and Sustainable Living. Recommended Books: 1. USA. a Human Emphasis. globalization and environmental issues. Contemporary environment issues and debate.
Long N. Types and classification of computers. Rutledge. Hardware: Input Hardware. Selin. physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry. Local Area Network..Microsoft office 2000. computer programs and basic applications. Configurations. 2. Courter. Storage hardware. K.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure . output hardware. G. 21 .BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment. Ms-Power Point.H. processing hardware. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion. 2003. Course Outlines Definition.London 1996. software packages.1999.C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components. COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure . Milton.6th Ed. Introduction to MS-Word. Recommended Books: 1. Ed. Long l. 6. e-mail. Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse. Marquis A. After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry. Kluwer Academic Publishers. internet. Operating system (Windows). The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere. Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures. Ms-Access. Software: Application software. Fundamentals of computer. Ms-Excel..5. system software. as are their effects on the biosphere.
M. Chemical reactions. Liss. Turbulent jets and plumes. P. Thomson-Brooks. Particle physics.E. UK. their sources and toxic actions. Heat radiation and heat transfer. Sound and Noise. T..E. 1st Edition. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts. Nuclear energy. Diffusion. Gaussian plumes in the air. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants. 5. Springer. 4. Conversion of mass. its causes and adverse effects on environment. Solids. Transport of pollutants. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer.. Fate of pollutants in environment. 2004. Germany. Energy. Active control of sound. 2. Jickells.T.D. and Reid. Andrews. Fregoso-Infante.. Fundamentals of aquatic. Turbulent diffusion. Samir. Banerji Prentice Hall of India.Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry. Ozone and UV light. Isotopes and radioactive decay. Energy conversion. Jones and Barlett. Environmental Chemistry. 2005. 2008. USA.. Environmental Chemistry. Equations of fluid dynamics. Turbulence. trophic level. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light. Environmental Science. Solar spectrum. interaction of light with matter. Liquids and Gasses. Global climate and climatic change. Reducing the transmission of sound. Radioactivity and nuclear physics. Miller.G. COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter. Brimblecombe. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. atmospheric and soil chemistry. A.S.M. Hernandez-Esparza..J.. Electromagnetic radiation. DoriaSerrano. Measurement and comparison of the 22 . Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry.. Basic acoustics. 3. M. Environmental impact of various industries. J. Human perceptions and noise criteria.. J. Recommended Books: 1. and Singh. photosynthesis. 2nd Edition. India. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems. 2004. G. B. K.. Entropy. 1999.. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light. J. C. Ozone chemistry. Ibanez. Blackwell Science. P. Canada.. Girard.
Kentucky USA. 2. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. World Bank Publications. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. Economic management and environmental quality. 2008. and Pandis. Economic functions of environment. 2. COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. Field visit. New York. USA. 3. 2001. R. USA. Physics of the Environment and Climate. Guyot. 2006. 7th Ed. Measures for sustainable development. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter. Course Outlines Introduction to economics. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. S. N. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods. interaction between ecology and economic management. Impact of economic activity on environment. Growth and development. J. Man environmental relationship. P. Pakistan economic context: National income. 2001. USA. concepts and measurement. Introductory Environmental Physics. producer and community point of view. M. economic progress. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. C. S. population and environmental quality. and Van Grondelle. John Wiley and Sons Inc.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. Recommended Books: 1. Smith. Economic Development. Boeker. Wesely Publishers. Sustainable development. Seinfeld. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. 2008. 23 . Recommended Books: 1. G. Yusuf.. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. Environmental economics. Praxis publishing. and Resource allocation. E. Routledge. poverty. Producer behavior. economic growth. economic welfare and difference among all.1998.Economic development. Growth and Environment. economic growth and its measurement. Natural resources and the economy. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Todaro. 4. UK. H. USA. Environmental Physics.
Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. USA.. A History of Western Philosophy. 4.V. Environmental philosophy and ethics. Swift. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy. concepts and approaches.. Palgrave Macmillan. 24 . J. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. LLC. Russell. its fundamental concepts. USA. Hanley. London. biogeography. water. 2008. & Pierce. soil. B. 2009. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. 3. R. 2. International Thomson Publishing. B. WCIV7AA. J. Ecology. M. Economics. temperature. Natural philosophy. Shogren. DeVeer. and systems ecology. Portland 1967. description of population. COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure .3. levels of ecological organization.A. ethics and ecology. England. World Bank Publications. D. species. Frodeman. N. population. Ecosystem and its types. community and ecosystem. 4. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy.. 2008.. 2007. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. role of light. branches of ecology. the ethics of soil. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale. C. 2002. Farmington Hills. Environmental Critics of agriculture. Kessinger Publishing. Introduction to ethical theory. community. Recommended Books: 1. Touchstone Books. Course Outlines Introduction. and White.A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems. B. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy. SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology. World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. Callicott.
After completion of this course. Ecosystem: structure and function. Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. M. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. with special emphasis on their environmental impact. Thomson Brooks/Cole. habitat and niche. Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. Biogeochemical cycles of C. aero-microbiology and food microbiology. and More. ecological modeling. characteristics of urban. biotic factors. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems. 2000. students will be able to understand the significance. Concepts of Limiting factors. landscape changes and their importance. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. Ecology (principles and applications). J. Recommended Books 1. population dynamics. 5th Ed.W. various concepts of community. 2004. 2. Population distribution and abundance. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea.Cox. New Delhi. Odum. aquatic microbiology. Chapman. Ecology (concepts and applications. C. P. Fundamentals of Ecology. Cambridge University Press. 6th Ed.L and Reiss. Tata McGraw-Hill. King’s College London. UK. M J. 1992. Lab Work 25 . productivity of different ecosystems. role and application of microorganisms in the environment. M C J 1st ed. Fundamentals of Ecology. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. B.topography and air as ecological factors. G. plant geography and animal distribution. WCB/McGraw-Hill. 1st Ed. bacteria and eukarya. and Barett. E P. Biomes of the world. COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment. 2001 5. and S. New York. 1999 4.) Moles. Microbial metabolism. UK. Systems ecology. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). agricultural and industrial ecosystems. distribution limits. C. Populations. community dynamics. J. N. 3. landscape ecology. Dash. Microbiology of terrestrial environments.
Chemistry of Environmental Pollution. D. Harley. Sylvia. L.P. 2005. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel. I. Collection.P. USA... USA.. Academic Press. Pollution Control Strategies.L.. J.K..J.and Brendecke. 3. 26 . American Society for Microbiology. W. and Klein. peppor. purification and preservation.. Recommended Books: 1. 4.J..M. D. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines. Fate of Environmental Pollutants..V. D.L. A.Gerba. 2005.I.J. Manual of Environmental Microbiology.M. and Gerba. London. Noise. Washington DC.. M. Hartel. nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution. Types of Environmental pollution: Air.A.A.and Vesilaind.G. Hurrst. Recommended Books 1. Prescott. 2. C. its sources and their effects.1998.B. McGraw Hill Inc. R. 1995. Hill. Environmental Microbiology. USA. isolation. Mean plate count. Maier. Butterworth-Heinemann. 2009. Cambridge UK. Cambridge University Press. New Jersey.D. P. Dilution plate technique. G.. Pepper.F. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally. 2nd Edition. Environmental Pollution and Control. 2. Peiece.. L. Effects of Pollutants. F. and Stetzenbach.R. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic.L. 2007. UK. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual. Understanding Environmental Pollution. Weiner. Marine & Industrial pollution. Case Studies. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution. P. Academic Press.J. Solid Waste generation. McInernery. Prentice Hall. Knudsen. Fuhrmann. Water. International Protocols (BASAL Convention). and Zuberer. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology. R. Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents. and Jeffery. 3. USA. M.A. C. 4th Edition. Human & other living organisms. J. Academic Press. 5. 2005. 2002. Microbiology. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water. (Elsevier) USA. Crawford. transportation & treatments.P.C.M. Soil.. J.J. 2 Edition. USA.Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection..W.
Methods of psychology. . Solar radiations. Mechanism of heat transfer. Karachi.J. Royal book company. Recommended Books: 1.. 27 . global circulation. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment. climatic zones of Pakistan. Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided. condensation and cloud Formation. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . The climate of Pakistan. A brief historical background and schools of psychology. American Public Health Association (APHA). COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems.W. Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. A. Sadder. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere.From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. 2006 5. Pandis. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications.E. air pressure. Weather and Climate.F. Lawrance K. COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences. Cloud Classification.K.4. Austin Miller. Climatology. 5. Four Spheres of the Earth.. Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere. 2002. 1992. Surface winds. 3. The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan. Environmental psychology. Marcel Dekkar. Heat and the Earth's atmosphere. Houghton J. The Hydrologic cycle. N. Radiation and climate. John H. 2003. local winds. Tarbuck. The Physics of Atmospheres. Cambridge University Press. Lutgens.. 1988. 6th Edition. Spyros.2nd Editions. Shamshad. Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History. concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. The Atmosphere. Factors affecting air Pressure. 4.. K.M. John Wiley and Sons. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology. 2.
techniques and methods of restoration. rivers. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine.characteristics and research methods. Eysenck.. 2001. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture. Future water scenario of Pakistan. COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. P. 1992. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. London. their management and ecological restoration. Bell.W. soil salinity and water logging. Recommended Books: 1. 5th Edition. Sustainable agricultural practices. Environmental Psychology. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. Course Outline Introduction. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species. Ecology of food production. Fundamental of Psychology. energy and carbon balance. Routledge. species response to pollutants.C. Restoration of derelict lands. carbon dioxide and global climate change. Greene. 28 . Background and scope. M. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Water and distribution of species. CRC Press.. threats and mitigation. 2. Routledge. solar radiation and primary production. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan. High population density and psychological impacts. Pollution control through Ecology. CRC Press. Sustainable livestock management practices. Water as an ecological resource. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. limitation of irrigated agriculture. Soil as a natural resource.D. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives.A. sustainable agriculture. soil erosion and conservation. and Baum A. T. concepts. London. soil resources of Pakistan. Fisher J. Ecological restoration. Environmental perception and cognition.
4. 5. G. Determination of Interaction of chemicals. toxins & toxicants. in vivo & in vitro assays. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents.S. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. Immunological considerations in toxicology. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. E. terminologies: Poisons. J. toxicity screening using microbial systems. 2nd ed. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system.I. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. Soil Science. Fundamentals of Ecology. COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals. 2000 2. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic. Rashid. Foundations of Restoration Ecology. Blackwell Scientific Publications. Lahore. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water. B. toxins vs toxicants. USA. K and Habib. 5th Edition. Margaret A. Organs. Newman. and Barett. J. dose response relationship in living organisms. Odum E. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures. Pakistan’s Environment.W. Zedler.. 3. and Memon. Potentiation and Addition. A. water and soil. 2004. from natural and anthropogenic sources.Recommended Books: 1. University of Peshawar. Chemical interactions and their types. Oxford. R. Determination of chemicals in biological samples. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications.National Book Foundation. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. Thomson Brooks/Cole. Mumtaz. Island Press.. their containment and control strategies. Studies in Pakistan Geography. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals. Islamabad. 2006.A. Israr-ud-Din. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management. on human and other living organisms. biological effects. 1996. Toxicity: Types and its measurement. D. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. toxicology of chemicals. Falk. P. A. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. and Hobbs. 29 . Synergism. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms.1998. Peshawar.P. soil and air samples. 1989.. Shirkat Gah.. K.
1996. the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements. McGrawhill. Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. international trade and the environment. economic development and the environment. W. geography. 3.2005 2. urbanization and pollution. Ecological: ecological zones. education. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement. clean development mechanism. USA.D. health. T and Turner. Course Outlines Introduction to history. 3. water resources. industry. people. First and Second law of Thermodynamics. W. Recommended Books: 30 . Essentials of Environmental Toxicology.. (ed. 2005 2. Ballantyne. culture. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis. M. pollution control-a general model. Government of Pakistan. Macmillan Press Ltd. 5th Edition. Recommended Books 1. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann.Science of Poisons . 1st Edition. measuring environmental benefits. USA. P. CRC Press Llc. 1st Edition.). Economic: agriculture. 1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development.M. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York. State of the Environment-Pakistan . major ecosystems. Vol. Environmental Profile of Pakistan.Recommended Books 1. Hughes.1 & 2. USA. General and Applied Toxicology. B. 1992. Williams. Course Outlines Introduction. COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development. topographic zones. the economic benefits of different environmental resources. the economy and the environment. Klassen. land. economic aspects of different environmental problems. 1993.
Environmental Economics. 3. soil (NPK and organic matter contents. precision and accuracy.UK. K. preparation and storage. COD.. Gravimetery. Data interpretation for quality control. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. J.1. Kolstad. 2003. salinity & sodicity).I. Holler. All Solids. L. 3. 2005. A. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual. Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory. Spectroscopy and Chromatography. M.K. Collingwood. Sparrow and D. BOD. COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. Johns Hopkins University Press. Titrimetery. Freeman & Co. Conductivitymetry. I. Thomson and Brooks. Oxford University Press. 4. Fluoride. C. D.. Turner..J. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples. and Batemen.R. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery. D. D. units.2002. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling.C.. Titrimetery. Peverill. Conductivitymetry. NO3–N & NH4-N). 2000. Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH. D. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. 6th Edition. 2. handling.W.A. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association).and Field. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction. C. USA. Lab Work S. West. Use of Potentiometery. 1999. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve. Sample collection. New York. Harris. Oxford.L. Environmental Economics: An Introduction. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin..K. B. 1993. CSIRO Publ. Pearce. and F..2004.D. Field. Australia. and derived S. M. water and plant analysis. Analytical techniques for soil. Skoog. Reuter. Biomarkers in environmental assessment. Recommended Books: 1.I. Standard solutions and standard curves. 31 . 2. 8th Edition. Gravimetery. Sample preservation methods.
Bioreactors. 2007. 2005. Chichoster. USA. Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants. and Russel. COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 . 2nd Ed. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment. Recombinant DNA technology. New York. Biotechnology. D. Tools in environmental biotechnology. Government of Pakistan. 5th Ed. USA. 2005. Environmental Biotechnology. Introduction to microbial kinetics. W. 2009. Scragg. USA. J. Cambridge University Press. Biosensor. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual.COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments. (ed. 3. Course Outlines Introduction. purification and preservation of DNA. PCR. Biomarkers. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques. Oxford University Press. Hans- Joachim. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. 2. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures. Recommended Books 1..E. Sambrook. Smith. 4. National Biosafety Guidelines. J. and application of biotechnology in the environment. Isolation. 2001.P. National Biotechnology Commission. New York. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns. Derbre.. Germany. Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems. Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques.D.). After completion of this course.living organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution. students will be able to understand the significance. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd. England. and Josef. A.W. Wiley-VCH Verlag.1999. J.
Inc. Using and reading GPS in field. integration of information from many sources. Introduction to Photogrammetry. Data acquisition. eradication of the duplicated data. Campbell. Image Processing. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1. 4. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. History and data collection. Guilfoud press New York. R. Agriculture. Interpretation. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. Harvey. COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . 2008. Pearsons Education. A. 2000. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. 3. analysis and output. history and platforms. Inc. Z. Mc Graw Hill Education. Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. 2009. A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. Dessinov. Fishery and wildlife. John Wiley and Sons. Introduction to GIS. 1999. Preparation of thematic maps. Types of data used in GIS. V. Lulla. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. Rancez. Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). John Wiley and Sons. 2. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). 5. Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. 2000. advantages and limitations of process. Active and Passive remote sensing. Cartography.Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. Aerial photography. F. map projection and coordinate systems. Different types of maps. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission. K and L. Forestry. Data entry and output. Jensen. Energy Sources. Inc. Satellite Imageries.
1998. ecological. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production. eco-design. philosophical. Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor.. Environment and sustainable development. A. Related Environmental legislation.. 2005. social and ethical values of biodiversity. etc. need and approach. M. Certification of EMS. hot spots of biodiversity. Methods of environmental protection. principles of Cleaner production.C. Environmental Management Systems Principles. Environmental aspects and impacts. animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan. types of biodiversity.3rd Edition . 3. alpha and beta diversity.). economic. plant. B. Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS). and Yoxon. Environmental Economy. WWF Pakistan. COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. threats to biodiversity. Michigan. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. Course Outlines Introduction. 2. American Society for Quality. standards and guidelines. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. 2006. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management.2nd Ed. American Society for Quality. Environmental Management tools. M.This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits.. Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1. F. and Qasim. Conservation of biodiversity. cleaner technologies. 34 . International Organization for Standardization. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). 2001. Khan. Systems and Support Techniques. Sheldon. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. 4. threats to biodiversity and its conservation.
P. field custody. Lahore). Considerations. management. Associates Inc. their categories. refrigeration and freezing methods. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i. Cox. quality assessment. Conservation of wildlife. Sunderland. Quality assurance and quality control. plants. chemical addition. P. Z. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan. role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. laboratory custody. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. soil and living organisms. Preservation methods including pH control. conservation in man-made ecosystems. national and international laws and regulations. Legal protection of species. and Morre. Recommended Books: 1. water. C. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples. role of traditional knowledge in conservation. 3. conservation and livelihood. presampling requirements/information. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring. Saad Printers. ecotourism. community and ecosystem level. conservation strategies. A Primer for Conservation Biology. Kings College. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring. EIA requirement. cities. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment.. Rawalpindi. Publ. 2. Lab Work Sampling techniques (air. sampling and design purposes. international agreements.B. protected areas. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing.R.conservation at species. habitats. 2000. 1998. Mirza. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes. croplands.B. quality control sampling.. design and types of samples. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. Sinauer. 2000. air. NOC for plant operation. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan. 2ndEd. in-situ and ex-situ conservation. London. forests.e. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora. population. Biogeography. 35 .D. Course Outlines Introduction..B.
New York. The Measurement of Climate Change. Chuviero.. USA. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. (ed) Springer. Forstner U. its causes and effects. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course. 2008. and social factors contributing to climate and global change. S. Precipitation. Air Pollution and Acid Rain. 2002. L. Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. H. Manahan. Regional droughts and 36 . Patterns in Winds and Pressure. Physical. 2000. 2.) McGraw-Hill. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. agriculture. human health. Recent Climate Change Indicators. . Remote Sensing Note. D. chemical. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention. Environmental Chemistry. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change. regional. N. F. COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change. McKlivie. 5. (eds. Murai.1999. Korte. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. Keith.Recommended Books: 1. Japan Association on Remote Sensing.USA. I. Tokyo. and Guethner. Chapman and Hall. 3. UK. 2008. E. D. 2nd Edition. Peakall. Ozone depletion. Earth Observation of Global Change. E. 8. 7. altered community structure. Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. extinctions. 6. 2002. biological. USA. phenological changes. Lewis Publisher London. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. S. 1992. Human responses to potential climate change. Moisture in the Atmosphere.1996. Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate.. R. Burden. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. USA. Energy and Temperature. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data.
project implementation and follow up. Islamabad. 1st Edition.. social impact assessment (SIA). Global Warming and Climate Change. Ministry of Housing and Works. review of EIA quality. 5. Islamabad. J. A. Houghton. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems. London. Climate Change . Hydrocarbons & their byproducts. Sringer. & Nixon. Earthscan Publication Ltd. solids. John Wiley & Sons.Causes. 2004.. T. 2000. Keith. London. 2. and noise. Cost and benefits of EIA. Glasson. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels. R. 2003. Effects. Climate Change . J.. 3. 4. Recommended Books: 1. impact analysis. principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society. Recommended Books: 1.O. National Book Foundation.. Therivel. and Solutions. mitigation and impact management. 4. Blackwell. screening.).. Effects. 2. 2005.(ed). National Environmental Quality Standards for air. overview. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. Global Change and the earth system. Main stages in EIA process.A. public involvement.Causes. and Chadwick. 3. and Solutions. A. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan. Hardy.. law. COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project.T. Harrop. 2003. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment.. Oxford. 1999. 2005. J. scoping. EIA project management. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems.cataclysmic climate change. Types & Resources to produce Energy. 2005. Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2). J. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. Routledge. Hardy. decision-making to implement the project. (ed. role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice. reporting. and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction. John Wiley & Sons. D. Petts. EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan. 6. liquid. 1994. 1986. J. 37 .
2002. national agriculture policy. management options. S. management options. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level. & McCabe. (ed. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy. New York.. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan. effective management. limitation in the future. COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification. methodologies. 6. 1993. solar power. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area. problem in agriculture. wildlife census. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level. Conservation in Progress. agriculture products and their share in GDP.. H. J.). Evans. wind power and nuclear power. Lohani.. agriculture chemicals. Sadler.. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies. Development of Management Plan: needs. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. John Willey & Sons. importance. national and provincial legislation. existing management approaches. R. causes and methods for its improvement. USA. their current status and threats. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. A. M. Ludwig. best available option for future.. Rangeland Management: existing status. EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual. Watershed management: Importance basic principles. 1997. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. Types. 38 . process and contents of the management plan. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia.. United Nations Environment Programme. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. Carpenter. Recommended Books: 1. R.. their pros and cons. requirement. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. B. threats. forest types and its existing management. Asian Development Bank. Goldsmith. and Tu. F. Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. 2nd Edition. B. threat and its causes. occurrence and distribution of natural resources. Everitt.5. national example.B and Warren.
Search Engines. 3. Dasmann. and Jorqensen. Elsevier. GOP and IUCN. Review of Literature. 1990. Selecting the Research Method. Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. Surveys. to introduce students to research design. Experimental Research.E. Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison). USA. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Literature Search: Database. How to put things together? Introduction. R. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1.A pre-requisite for Research. Inference based on findings.2. 1992. Islamabad. Research Design & Research Methods. Thousand Oaks. S. Interviews. concepts and terminologies. 5. Sampling: the logic of sampling. J. and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research. Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf. John Wiley & Sons. Questionnaire. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. Scientific Methods. Material Methods. Case Studies.E. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods.. Scientific Research: Science. P. research methods. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. population and sampling frames. Bibliography. V. 1984. Creswell. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. Methodology. Research Proposal: its importance . & Plano Clark. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically. Sage CA. New York. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design. London.Amsterdam. Objectives. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem.1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study. Review of Literature.L. 4. Environmental Conservation. W.F. Hansen. 2007. 39 . types of sampling design/.
Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan.S. 2nd Edition. 5. National Conservation Strategy 5. 2003. 3. SNBP Local Government Ordinance. USA. 1997. 2008. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance. Diamon.2. of Chicago Press. USA. 2003. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans. regulations made there under. Government of Pakistan 3. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Sage Publishers. 2000. E. John and sons Ltd. Babbie. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development. The Craft of Research by Wayne C. Recommended Books: 1. 4.h. Robert Yin. Chichester.. R. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act.USA. Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation.. and Arhonditsis. 2001 and the rules of business made there under. Law Books House. Wadsworth Publishing Company. M. Survey Research Methods. 3rd Edition.. 1989. 6. Moriarty. Marilyn F.. Belmont California.Harrad. England. Univ. 2001. National Environmental Policy 4. S. Writing Science Through Critical Thinking. G. Booth. 1997. Qadar. 2. Students project in Environmental Science. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 .Batty. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules.
This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45
POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46
RESEARCH PROJECT/ INTERNSHIP
E-I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY
To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,
5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.
fisheries management. I. 44 . 3. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. (ed. Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant. with drinking water facilities like springs. flood and droughts. 2006. 1993. C. Islamabad. R. Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. N. 6. P. Course Outlines Water resource and its management. and Tortajada.. Bengali. Biswas. (eds. hydrological cycle. pollution aspects. Briscoe. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry.. Recommended Books: 1.1993..Varis. flood and drought management.). Revised & enlarged edition. U. R. groundwater exploitation.. 2005. virtual water. Pakistan. Mirajuddin Publication . A. Ahmed. integrated water resources management (IWRM). water supply and demand management measures. O. tubewells. K. 4. Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization. A. recycling and re-use of wastewater.K. precipitation distribution in Pakistan. it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects. Asia Printer. Pakistan . The Politics of Managing Water. and Malik. Groundwater Resources of Pakistan.Lahore. Cheema. Oxford University Press Karachi. 2..E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan. water quality and quantity aspects. A.. Ahmed. water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan. 2006. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan. N. wetlands resources management. J. improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency. 2003. Oxford University Press New Delhi. Islamabad. climate change and its impacts on our future water resources. like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. watershed/catchment. Indus Water Accord 1991.). Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT). water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment.. Mirajuddin Publication . 5. SDPI Oxford University Press. Khan. and Qamar. Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia. Lahore.
R. Soils in Our Environment. Islamabad. E. soils. urbanization in Pakistan. urban settlements. urban patterns and ecosystem functions. Physical and chemical processes of weathering.. residential mobility and the neighborhood change. Miller.C. urban political ecology. Soil Science. Cation and anion exchange. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization. and Bantel. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. urban flora and fauna. Course Outlines Introduction. transport. the salient features of urban environments. R. National Book Foundation. D. management and green productivity. PrenticeHall. 1. urban landscapes characteristics.E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. and Weil. San Diego. NJ. D. Soil forming minerals. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. Urbanization. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. Course Outlines Introduction. Causes of urbanization. Pakistan. USA. R. USA. Urban ecosystem. 1996. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. Soil degradation. CA. 2008. Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils. humans as components of urban ecosystems. Forms of urbanization.R. After completion of this course. Upper Saddle River. 45 .T. Soil buffering capacity and its importance. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. Upper Saddle River. 2007. Physical and chemical properties of soil.W. 2007. Hillel. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations. NJ. Definition. hydrological processes. Prentice Hall. Factors and processes of soil formation. Bashir. Gardiner. future of urban centers. N. Academic Press. Process and outcome. Types and properties of parent materials. Brady. 11th Edition. USA..
1989. 2007. 2.S. USA. 2006. USA. 2004. H. London.and Kowaril. S. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. nature and purpose of urban planning. UK. UR. 4. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. C. 2004. UK. Alberti. SAGE Publications Ltd. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments. CRC Press LLC. Hough. Hague. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems.. Hejny. Gilbert. SBS academic publishing. New York. V. Springer. The Works: Anatomy of a City. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans. 5.. Ward. City Design for Sustainable Development. E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. Sukopp. 3. Levels of planning. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. Elements of urban planning. Scope. Planning and Urban Change. Aims and Objectives of planning. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability. Smith. Planning theories and concepts.. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. Types of Urban Plans. M. Chapman and Hall. M. I. 2009. Recommended Books: 1. London. UK. The Ecology of Urban Habitats. Penguin Group.and Maser. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area. 46 . nd 2 Edition. Principles of planning. A.L. Land use planning theories.1990... New trends in planning and city management. D. J. Routledge. Kate.Recommended Books: Urban Ecology. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city. Planning and its relationship with other professions. S. The planning process. 1. Routledge. O. 2. Silberstein. Justification for planning for city management. 2000.
Landslide. Techniques and methods to assess hazard. Manila. Role of Media in Disaster Management.B. New York.F. The Guilford Press. Chapman & Hall. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms. Earthquake. 3. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum. Introducing Town Planning. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures. Flooding.. 4. 1993. Political factors. Prediction. Natural cycles and their role. H. 2. Different approaches and Indicators. Longman Group.W. International phenomenon. Westview Press.J. G. Clara. Hazards. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. 1993. Kates. E&UA Div. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization. Flood Management: Organizational Role. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development.UNESCO. Disaster as an opportunity for development.W. M.3. D. Recommended Books: 1. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. The Environment as Hazard Burton I.. i. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches. Ministry of Housing and Works. 4. 1989. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies. It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. Boulder .. Disaster Management: Components of management. 1993.e. ADB. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). P. 1991.. R. Natural Disasters Alexander. and Woodrow. 2nd Edition. UK. Cultural factors. 1986. and White G. Islamabad. Government of Pakistan. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made. Disaster Management Trainings and Policies. Paris... Earthquake Management. Socio-economic factors. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N... Physical factors. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies. New York. It discusses a wide range of aspects. 47 .
R. local. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future.C.W. 3. Agroecology. New York. decomposers. 2. Ecological concept in crop and food production. Disasters and Development Cuny. Westport.5. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals. uses. USA. and Yonavjak. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. 1. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation. 2007.A. E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment. energy resources. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources. M. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life. types. and Mushkatel. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems. L. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. primary producers. sustainable energy management. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. energy resources of Pakistan. hydropower. Farming practices for pests and weeds control. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources. D. Biotic structure. Phytoremediation and bioremediation. Perry R. A. 6. E.. consumers. 6th Edition.. 2001. Schoch. Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem. biomass resources. Quorum Books.B and Keller. 1983. 1984. F. Botkin. Deforestation for agricultural purposes.H. Sustainable livestock management. McKinney. alternate energy resources. solar. merits and demerits of wind.L. 2007. Consumer and producer relationship. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem. environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources. John Wiley and Sons. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers. 4th Edition..M. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. Course Outlines Energy-development and environment. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America. 48 . Paris. OECD/IEA. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources.
Boulder. USA. 1990. Corol.H. C. Kapur. CBS Publishers and Distributors. Recommended Books: 1. Agrocology.Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram. R. E-11 Seminar 49 . M.. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity.Determination of density and abundance of plant species.G. New York. P. 2. and Rossel. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species. Westview Press.R. Altreri.A. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species.M. 3. 1995. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity. Study of index of diversity. Yandermeer J. USA. Study of stratification and profile diagram. Experimental Plant Ecology. 2000.P. India. McGraw Hill Publishing Company. and Sudha. New Delhi.
The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions. 4. The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization. The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science. 5. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. 50 . the Committee agreed on the following principles. it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor. availability of the faculty and other facilities. 3. that: 1. The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme. 2.
8. 2. 17. 24. 5. 21. 9.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1. 25. 10. 8. 19. 7. 22. 6. 26. 11. 18. 10. 16. 4. 23. 2. 15. 14. The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. 5. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. 13. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. 20. 3. 4. 12. 9. 7. 6. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 . 12. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 11. Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. 3.
Regional and International Environmental Issues. Geography of Pakistan. London. Recommended Books: 1. Khan K. Ball. WCS. Instruments and methods. 2. D. F. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. Mackenzie J. and Bell.S. Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management..E. FURTHER READINGS 1. Environment People and Economy. Carrying capacity and sustainable development. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment. London Black Stone Press Ltd. GOP and IUCN. Treaties. 1991. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan. Conventions and Protocols in Global. Provincial and Local Strategies. Oxford University Press.1995.E. Oxford University Press. Money. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall. status of Terrestrial. technology and resource use.T. Karachi. Draft National Environmental Policy. S. COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management.. 4. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. NCS. 1987. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS).F.DETAILS OF M.1991. and Jorqensen. 3. development of concepts. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems. Environmental control Policies. 1992. Amsterdam. S. Hansen. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences. Elsevier. Hodder and Stoughton.. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling. 52 .. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space.A. Islamabad. P.1994. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan. Relationship of culture..1994. 2. 2nd Edition. Conservation Strategies. Mackenzie. 3. S.
ecological impact assessment. Air and Solid Waste. 2. Recommended Books: 1. Sectoral guidelines for EIA. Ministry of Environment. K. sampling rules. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. process.A. History. Harlow Essex. Wastewater. A. Washington. Demographic impact assessment. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements. Wood. role and importance. ed. Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment. Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Assessment of environmental impacts. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). FURTHER READINGS 1.COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction. Gas Chromatography etc. C. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. economic impact assessment. Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. 1995. Government of Pakistan. UK. Case Studies and review.. 53 . Cost benefit analysis of projects. WB. opportunities and issues.Vanclay. Longman House. World Bank. Environmental and Social Impact assessment. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. procedures and methods of EIA. social impact assessment. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. D. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants. 1995. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery. Chichester. Longman Scientific and Technical. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. sample collection and preservation. Ahmed. DC. Recommended Books: 1. Ed. Environmental Chemical Analysis. Environmental auditing. John Wiley & Sons. Principles of physical. Environment Department. England. 1993. COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. Burnt Hill. A one Publishers Lahore. 2. 3. F & Bronstein. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review).
Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). Resource Mobilization. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. UK. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic.. M. Project Initiation. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. 2001. 3. 1st Ed. activities. Recommended Books: 1. John Wiley and Sons. J. 1998. 2nd Ed.. indicators. USA.. S. 54 . communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne. assumptions. and Wright. Need identification. Wiley Interscience. COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems.2000. 4. means of verification. air borne. Environmental Health Engineering. MS Project Recommended Books: 1. Yassi. Writing Project Proposal. principles and practices. outputs. K. safety techniques. T. Lippmann. prevention and control. Project Management Institute. T. economic evaluation. Public health concept. Mantel s. Project Planning and Approval Processes. work breakdown structure. 1st ed. development objectives. T.. M/S Banarsid. 2002. USA. feasibility study. Prentice Hall International Inc.COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project. New York. Project Management: A Managerial Approach. Occupational Health: problems and issues. de Kok. Meredith J. Oxford University Press New York. Van Nostrand and Reinhold.. Ergonomic and Safety. 5. Defining Project objectives. Inc. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. Government Policies and Programs. 1992. 1997. Primary health care services.. and Guidotti. inputs. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. J. R. Planning Commission Performas. Accident prevention and safety plans. B. food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. Kjelllström.. T. 1st Ed. A Guide to Project Management. R. 1993. Project Life Cycle.. Project Planning. Park.. A. Basic Environmental Health. 2. Reasons for Project success or failure. Nebel. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. Caeneross. specific objectives. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). London. 2. L.
Sources of data. 4th Edition. OECD/IEA. gas. E. John Wiley and Sons. 2007. USA. 6th Edition. Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. 1990b. Switzerland. 2. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. solar. petroleum. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal. Recommended Books: 1. Environmental auditing. Recommended Books: 1. ISO Central Secretariat. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. R.M. M. 2.A. 2001. energy resources of Pakistan. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management. 55 . Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). sustainable energy management for agriculture. St Luise Press. industry and domestic sectors. and Yonavjak. merits and demerits of wind. Botkin. D. McKinney. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. Schoch. bio-energy resources. data collection and interpretation. types. transport. uses. alternate energy resources. L. Related Environmental regulations. energy resources. Michigan-January 2001. 3.L. Environmental Auditing. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. nuclear) local. principles and elements of the process of EMS. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. 2007. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms. ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family. 1998. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). hydropower. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. Sayre.COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. non-renewable and renewable. 4. Principles of cleaner production. Paris.B and Keller. 3. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor. Paris. D..
3. COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. Climate Change and Ecosystems. K.. ECOPE 29. ED. J. T.Causes. types of climate change models. Houghton. J. Earthscan Publication Ltd. Species richness. Blackwell Publishing. geographical and temporal patterns. Recommended Books: 1. Berlin. water resources. John Wiley & Sons. B & Jager. Life history strategies of plants. Shulze. Oxford UK.). 3. climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. etc. 2. UK. (Ed. survival and extinction. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. Plant Ecology. Warrick. plant invasions. 5. Plant population dynamics. Hardy. 2003.D. 56 . Climate Change . Springer. J. 2. Beck. 2003. management and restoration. human activities and vegetation dynamics. Chichester. and Solutions. D. Blackwell Publishing.COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. Vegetation Ecology Ed. Effects. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics.. 2005. resources and plants. forests. plant conservation. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. E & Muller-Hohenstein. 4. Climate Change . Introduction to Plant Population Biology. Modeling of climate change. and Solutions. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Effects. & Charlesworth. competition and coexistence. vegetation dynamics. UK 1991. John Wiley & Sons. Oxford. types and their climatic effects. 2005.T. Climate change and food production. 2005. Maarel. Hardy.Causes. London. John Wiley & Sons. 1st Edition. D. E. The Green House Effect. Silvertown. 2005. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. Green House Gases. global aspects of plant ecology. Recommended Books: 1. 2004. 1.
2002. K. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. UK. distribution. 5. W. John Wiley And Sons. types. Global and national biodiversity. Rangeland management. 2. Threatened animals and plants. kinds. management. Primack. London.J. types. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan.J.G. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity. Recommended Books: 1. USA. 1992. Oxford. Sustainable forest management. Cambridge. Principles of Wildlife Management. Blackwell Publsihing. S. Publishers Sunderland. S. COURSE 11 WILDLIFE. Roberts. Roberts. Bailey.J. distribution and management. T. Forests. Robinson. 3. 2004. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. Loss of biodiversity. their importance. Mcmillan. habitats and ecosystems. Essentials of Conservation Biology. Establishment and management of protected areas. 1986. 3.A. deforestation and its control. J. threats and conservation. Inc. Wildlife of Pakistan. 57 . Cambridge. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan.J. its causes. E. biological diversity. & Ripley. Oxford. 1973 2. Cambridge University Press. 4. R. Weddell. Wetlands. 1984. Protection and restoration of species. 2002.B. Biodiversity: An introduction. J. Oxford University Press. Sinauer Assocaites. Oxford University Press. Oxford University Press. Consumptive.(2nd Ed. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali. Wildlife Ecology and Management.D. problems and solutions. their types and role in conservation. Participatory forest management. Status of forests in Pakistan. Protected areas in Pakistan. I). FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. 1998. Recommended Books: 1. their ecological and economic importance. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation. Conserving Living Natural Resources. distribution. Extinction of species.L. Forest plantations. B. status. And Bolen. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. Protected areas.COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction.) Gaston. Oxford. II). ecological factors affecting forest growth and management. UK. & Spicer. T.
Penguin Group.. 1986. urban systems and their characteristics. urbanization in Pakistan. J. 4. SAGE Publications Ltd. Recommended Books: 1. Clara.. 1993. The Works: Anatomy of a City. Ministry of Housing and Works. H. 58 . 2. future of urban centers. Introducing Town Planning. 2004. Government of Pakistan. CRC Press LLC. G.. management of transport. USA. Islamabad. Ward. Planning and Urban Change. C. 3. Sustainable cities. 2007. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. 2000. USA. Forms of urbanization. Urban planning and management in Pakistan.COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction. Environmental problems of urban life. UK. UK. V. drinking water and solid waste in cities. Silberstein. S.. Longman Group. sanitation. E&UA Div. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages. Kate. Urban land use planning and management. urban political ecology. urban landscape characteristics. New York. A.and Maser. London. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development.
V. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. Thomson and A. ISBN 0194313492 59 . Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure.J. Exercises 1. a) Functional English Grammar 1. 1997. Martinet. Oxford University Press.Annexure . Third edition.A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1. Practical English Grammar by A.
Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. Reading/Comprehension 1. Fourth Impression 1993. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. minutes of meetings. Reading.V. Third edition. Third Impression 1992. b) Practical English Grammar by A. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis.J. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs.2. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. Writing. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Oxford University Press. Exercises 2. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 . ISBN 0 19 453402 2. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. intensive and extensive. Upper Intermediate. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. and speed reading. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Thomson and A. Martinet. 1997.
introduction to presentations. clarity. Oxford Supplementary Skills. content. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 . ISBN 0 19 431350 6. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. 2. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Fourth Impression 1993. Martinet. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. Reading 1. Advanced by Ron White. discursive. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. Exercises 2.1. Reading. Thomson and A.J. c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. Third Impression 1992.V. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Third edition. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. descriptive and argumentative writing). Fourth Impression 1992. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. Writing. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. Advanced. Writing. b) Writing 1. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Oxford University Press 1986. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Third Impression 1991. Oxford Supplementary Skills. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. Practical English Grammar by A. narrative. 2. language. form. Writing.
argumentative and report writing). A Custom Publication. Mandell. College Writing Skills by John Langan. Kathleen Shine Cain. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. Kirszner and Stephen R. 2004. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. St. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. Martin’s Press. Compiled by norther Illinois University. without taxing the taste of engineering students). Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. descriptive. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature.(particularly suitable for discursive. 62 . 3. 2.
government. politics. . b.M.B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki.Annexure . The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. 4. Mehmood. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Shahid Javed. S. Contemporary Pakistan a. Location and geo-physical features. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. 3. contemporary Pakistan. Historical Perspective a. 1994. Lahore. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. Akbar. Muslim advent iii. national development. 1971-77 d. Society and social structure c. 2. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. 2000. 1958-71 c. ideological background of Pakistan. 1999 onward 3. 1947-58 b. Study the process of governance. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Indus Civilization ii. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. Zaidi. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Ethnicity d. 2. Course Outline 1. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. 1993. 1988-99 f. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. Safdar. 63 Books Recommended 1. State & Society in Pakistan. Economic institutions and issues b. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. S. 1977-88 e. People and Land i.
Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. Rafique. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. 10. Politics in Pakistan. 64 . 8. 1987. 9. 11. Amin. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Institute of Public Policy Research. 1998. Pakistan Under Martial Law. Zahid. Karachi: Royal Book Company. Haq.K. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. History & Culture of Sindh. 1980. Mehmood. Afzal. Party. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia. Ethno . Enigma of Political Development. 7. Club Road. I. Wayne. nd. Lahore: Vanguard.National Movement in Pakistan. Ziring. Aziz. 1993.5. Noor ul. Islamabad. 1980. Sayeed. Khalid Bin. 6. 1967. II & III. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. 1972. Ansar. M. Muhammad Waseem. 12. Safdar. Wilcox.. 1976.The Emergence of Banglades. Political Parties in Pakistan. The Political System of Pakistan. Vol. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. 13. Tahir. K. 14. Lawrence. Washington: American Enterprise.
C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.Tadabar (Verse No1. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.21. 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.Annexure .58.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.19.A.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.20) Related to thinking.6.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 .) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.A.57.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.A.40.56.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.
in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt.
International Islamic University. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi.S.3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. Pakistan. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. IRI. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. “Emergence of Islam” . Ahmad Hasan.” Hussain Hamid Hassan. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. Islamabad (2001) 67 . “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. Bhatia. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. “Studies in Islamic Law. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad.
Boston 68 . Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. determinants. geometric progression. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. Wooton W. not majoring in mathematics. PWS-Kent Company. matrix inverse. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. types of functions. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Sharron S.D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. functions. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. Beckenback EF. 1986. College Algebra and Trigonometry. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. Boston Swokowski EW. Houghton & Mifflin. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. 1987. cube roots of unity. system of linear equations. 1978. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. equations reducible to quadratic equations. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. types.Annexure . trigonometric identities. Cramer’s rule. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. PWS-Kent Company. harmonic progression. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. complex numbers. set operations. introduction to sets.
2. distance between two points. 2005. continuous functions. USA 3. Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. integration by substitution. slope of a line. not majoring in mathematics. Calculus (3rd edition). Reading. left-hand and right-hand limits. integration by parts. 1983. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. PWS-Kent Company. change of variables in indefinite integrals. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. not majoring in mathematics. 1995. solution of equations involving absolute values. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. Calculus (11th edition). continuity. Bevens I. Addison-Wesley. Davis S. inequalities. 69 . derivatives. intersection of two lines. rational and transcendental functions. 2005. parallel and perpendicular lines. Recommended Books: Anton H. Boston Thomas GB. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). various forms of equation of a line. Ma. angle between two lines. New York Stewart J. equation of a line. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. functions and their graphs. Finney AR. differentiation of polynomial. John Wiley. distance between a point and a line.
Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). types of functions. nature of roots of quadratic equations. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). circles determined by various conditions. Scott. PWS-Kent Company. equations reducible to quadratic equations. Boston Swokowski EW. set operations. locus of a point in various conditions. system of linear equations. Conic Sections: Parabola. inverse of matrices. 1969 Kaufmann JE. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. Boston 4. ellipse. 70 . SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. PWS-Kent Company. : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. Cramer’s rule. Introduction to sets. Analytic Geometry. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. types of matrices.Circle: Equation of a circle. 1987. Freshman and Company. : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. College Algebra and Trigonometry. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. determinants. • Contents 1. intersection of lines and circles. 1986. functions. hyperbola.
5. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. Wilcox.. standard deviation. Boston. PWS-Kent Company. Latest Edition. E. R. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. relationship of statistics with social science. E. 2. skewness and kurtosis. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. array. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. R. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines.. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. quartiles. discrete and continuous series. bar frequency diagram histogram. Prentice Hall. deciles and percentiles. Measures of dispersion: Range. ungrouped and grouped data. cumulative frequency curve. moments. R. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. 71 . J. characteristics of statistics. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. circle and trigonometric functions. tally sheet method. Latest Edition. Latest Edition. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. 4. frequency polygon. Books Recommended: 1. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. types of frequency series.. Walpole. Swokowski. Graphs: Graph of straight line.. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry.geometric and harmonic progressions. variance. individual. 3. E. W. 2. Kaufmann. trigonometric identities.
E. Continuity. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus. 3rd Edition. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. 8th edition. sinusoidal function. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. Prentice-Hall. W. theorems of differentiation. and Transcendental Functions. Inequalities. • Integration Integration from first principles. I. Second Edition 1992. John H.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. 11th Edition. Davis. 6. special points of a function. logarithmic integration. Schaum’s Outline Series. Inc. Calculus Single and Multivariable. Recommended Books: 1. Frank A. infinite and improper integrals. applications of integration. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. Leibnitz’ theorem. Integration by Parts. Anton. Thomas. Solution of equations involving absolute values. H. integration using partial fractions. John Wiley & Sons. 2. Mathews. Swokowski. implicit differentiation. Elliott Mendelson. the inverse of differentiation. quotients. Calculus. 2005. substitution method. 4th edition. 2002. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. Inc. Calculus. Boston. logarithmic differentiation. Gleason. Extreme Values of Functions. 1983. 6. Equation of a Line. S. Continuous Functions. integral inequalities. et al. Least-Squares Line. McCallum. integration by inspection. 2005. Rational and Transcendental Functions. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. reduction formulae. Jhon Willey & Sons. integration by parts. Rational Functions. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function.Jr. Calculus. products. Slope of a Line. plane polar coordinates. Trigonometric Functions. 1999. Hughes-Hallett. Addison Wesley publishing company. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . the chain rule. 3. 2. 4. Bevens. 5. Contents 1.
hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. the difference method. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 . finding the nth roots of unity. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. inverses of hyperbolic functions. complex conjugate. solving hyperbolic equations. alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. series involving natural numbers. identities of hyperbolic functions. arithmetico-geometric series. multiplication. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3.Additions and subtraction. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. approximation errors in Taylor series. geometric series. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. modulus and argument.
vector product. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. moments of inertia. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. of a unitary matrix. scalar triple product. orthogonal.5. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. the inner product. line to line. 6. Pappus’ theorems. masses. Hermitian. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. symmetric and antisymmetric. unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 . line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7. centers of mass and centroids. point to plane.
Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. combinations of grad. spherical polar coordinates 75 . div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. divergence of a vector field. curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field.8.
basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Sources. Quantiles. Standardized variables. Poisson and Normal Distribution. Exercises. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Exercises. Probability and Probability Distributions. Absolute and relative measures. Coefficient of variation. Difference of means and proportions. properties of Good Average. Ogive for Discrete Variable. Median and mode. null and alternative hypothesis. Test statistics. Type-I and Type-II errors. Population. Unit 3. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. definition of outliers and their detection. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. sampling with and without replacement. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. 76 . Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. Box and Whisker Plot. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Change of origin and scale. Exercises. bias. Stem and Leaf Display. Exercises. level of significance. Significant digits. Pie chart. sampling and non sampling errors. Empirical Relation between Mean. Exercises Unit 6. acceptance and rejection regions. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Types of frequency curves. Unit 4. Rounding of a Number. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Graphs and their Construction. Bar charts. Different types of Averages. Observations. The Variance and standard deviation. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. The Mean Deviation. Statistical problem. Range. Data. Discrete and continuous variables. sample design and sampling frame. Unit 2. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Historigram. Errors of measurement. Moments and Moments ratios. Editing of Data. Unit 5. Diagrams. The semi-Interquartile Range. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive.Annexure . Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Presentation of Data Introduction.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Histogram. Exercises. Unit 7. The Mode. probability and non-probability sampling. Exercises. Collection of primary and secondary data.
Coefficient of linear correlation. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction.Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. New York. Exercises Unit 9. Inc. Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole. 2 Muhammad. “Introduction to Statistics”. examples. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. F. cause and effect relationships. 1982. 3rd Ed. Exercises Unit 10. R. simple linear regression. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. Testing of Hypothesis. Regression and Correlation Introduction.Unit 8. Unit 11. Exercises. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. E.. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples.Single Population Introduction. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. 2005. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. r and R2. Macmillan Publishing Co. 77 . Kitab Markaz. Correlation. Contingency Tables. its estimation and interpretation. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters..
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