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For BS MS
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………
6 12 14 50 51
In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976. respective accreditation councils and stake holders.PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. 2007 at HEC Regional Center.ALTAF ALI G. imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. 2009 at the HEC Regional Center. degree awarding institutions. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30. universities and other institutions of higher education.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic. SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 . Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. Lahore. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. The world has turned into a global village. the Federal Government vide notification No. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee. and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees. and 36.). DR. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. therefore. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. R&D organizations. It also aimed to give a basic. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. D773/76-JEA (cur.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses. 63. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. It is. dated December 4th 1976. PROF. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries.
INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREP. UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRI. QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRI. UNI. OF DRAFT BY NCRC REVIEW IMPLE. OF FINAL CURRI. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI. PREP. OF NCRC. Abbreviations Used: NCRC. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I PREP. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. R&D. OF CURRI. REC. EXP. COL. LI R&D HEC Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. Preparation 5 .
Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall. Dr. 7. Dr. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr. Rawalpindi Dr. Member 3. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. Karachi from 28-30. Dr.Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre. Member 6 . Following attended the meeting:1. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. Member 5. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head. Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. Rawalpindi Dr. Member 4. Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2. Lahore Member 6. April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline. Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean.
Dr. Dr. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof. Member 15. Prof. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr.8. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi. Member 16. Member 11. Dr. 13. Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. Karachi Member 12. Member 14. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr. Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof. Member 10. Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore. Dr. Prof. Dr. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9. 7 . Dr.
Karachi. Director of HEC Regional Center. Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement. Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr.17. Islamabad coordinated the meeting. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. 2. Faisalabad Member 18. 1. the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. 8 . Member 19. Dr. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University. Dr. Secretary Dr. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society. Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. At first. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. Shafiq-ur-Rehman. Mr. Mr. The meeting was opened by Mr. The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. Chairman. Member 20. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards.
5. Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities.3. 1. The committee thanked Mr. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity. The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. In last few centuries. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 . Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development. The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities. 3. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development. These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. 4. 6. 2. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society.
5. regional and global contexts. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today. skills and behaviour patterns. and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems. professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii. Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility. Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5. This committee. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. in its preliminary meeting. Apply theoretical understanding. This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science. ii. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 . Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems.
social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals. 1. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science. The medium of instruction. Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment. DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level. 4. pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme. with consensus. The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2. skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes. A. Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature. Integrating natural sciences.e. UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles.. assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. The 11 . Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F. eight semesters in the semester system. 5. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. Sc. 6. that: 1. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i. 3. 2.
English-I 6. Climatology* 23. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5. Biology –I* 3. English-II 12. Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13. The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order.proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. Biology –II* 9. Introduction to Earth Science 8. SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1. Environmental Chemistry 15. Fundamentals of Ecology 20. Introduction to Environmental Science 2. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7. Environmental Microbiology 21. Environmental Pollution 22. Sociology/Anthropology* 11. Introduction to Computer 14. English-III 18. Psychology* . Environmental Physics 16. Introductory Economics* 17. Basic Chemistry* 4. Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19.
Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours . ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37. ELECTIVE-III 42. Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28. Opt. Applied Ecology 26. Biodiversity & Conservation 35. 44. Environmental Biotechnology 32. English-IV/ Univ. Climate Change 38. Environmental Impact Assessment 39. 46.24. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30. 45. Environmental Management Systems 34. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. Research Methods in Environmental Science 41. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31. Environmental Economics 29. ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43. Natural Resource Management 40. Environmental Monitoring 36. Environmental toxicology 27.
• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical. • Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .
A.M. Schoch.. 4th Ed. regional. Miller. ecological. poverty and resource depletion. 2007. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth. John Wiley & Sons. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. 4. Botkin. 2007. Different aspects of environment: physical. Thomson Learning. current global. & Yonavjak. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development. L. environmental pollution. lipids. G. The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms.DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment. D. 2007 3. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society.. development in industry and agriculture. national.I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life. biological and social. Recommended Books: 1. E. urbanization. & Nebel. Human environment and its problems: global.B & Keller. Wright. R. R. 10th Ed. Major components of environment: physico-chemical. B. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts. 6th Ed. ethical.J. philosophical. history. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. socio-economic.L. Pearson Educational. 15 . M. and their relationships with various environmental factors. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY . Environmental Science: working with the Earth. Environmental Science: systems and solutions.T. proteins and nucleic acids. its importance in human life. McKinney. 2002. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future. 2.
Shier. Crossley. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. Australia . L. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell. Biology: a Human Emphasis. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. esters. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. amines). Structure and the basis of function. coordinate covalent bond. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding. USA.. E. carboxylic acids. McGraw. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. carbohydrates. and Whitelaw. phospholipids in membrane systems. 5. Bulter. 2007. The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. Cells. the molecule of genetic information and replication. A. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. 5th Edetion. origin of metabolism. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. 2008. Study of mitosis in onion root tip. G. covalent. Canada.. lipids. Ltd. B. carbonyls. Plopper. 4..Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life.. C. 16 . 2003. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations. 1. chemical diversity. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa. R. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions. M. USA. Wadsworth Group. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. Self Assessment and Revie. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. USA. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. protobionts. chemical basis of life. New York. Cell division. 2. Aromatic compounds. N. and Lewis. lipids. Starr.. Lewis. 8th Ed.Hill International Edition. Molecular Biology through Questions. polypeptides in protein diversity. D. Introduction to cell biology. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. proteins. Lingappa. J. Ionic. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology. 2007. Origin of life: chemical evolution. 3. Nucleic acids. R. 1996. V. Cassimeris.
coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane.. normal solutions/buffers. Andrews.A. series and means. USA. Lab Work Preparation of molar. Algebra of matrices.J. 8th Edition. law of Cosines. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. W.. P. Thomson and Brooks. Hill. 5. EC and TDS in waste water. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula. 2.Special Products (Binomial Expression). determinants. expansion of determinants. real line. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. Harris. values of trigonometric functions. geometric and harmonic sequence. Binomial theorem (Simple applications). T. Cambridge University Press. Blackwell Science.. 2003. 2004. B. D. Liss. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles.C. Measurement of pH.. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional). and Reid.S.ions. Jickells. 3. Photochemical reactions. double angle formulas. West. Column chromatography.K. Girard. 2004. radicals. Surface chemistry. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations). Colloids chemistry. Thin layer chromatography. 6th Edition. 2nd Edition. Recommended Books: 1. Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. straight line and related concepts. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. Solution chemistry.H. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra. 2004. UK.M. Understanding Environmental Pollution. 4. and Holler. P. J. graphs. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. D. J. 17 . UK. Osmosis and Dialysis.D. D. concepts of six basic trigonometric functions. Use of spectrophotometric techniques. Jones and Barlett... COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences. 2nd Edition.E. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane. angle-sum formula. M.E. Canada. F.J. minor and cofactor of a matrix. 2005. equations of lines (linear equations). Matrices and Determinants: Matrix. Skoog. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. USA.. 1st Ed.. simultaneous equations and their solutions. molal. Sequence and series: Arithmetic. Brimblecombe.. Freeman and Company.
the processes of their formation. 2. earthquakes and volcanoes.B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. composition and its internal structure. Narosa Publishing House. Introduction to rocks and minerals. Scott Foresman and Company. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. 18 . California. plate tectonics. Fossils and their significance. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. theorem of integration.. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors. mountain building. different earth processes like mountain buildings. 4.A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure . Trignometry for College students.B. D. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. Recommended Books: 1. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension. Thomas. foliation. Introduction to sedimentary. igneous and metamorphic rocks. 1999. and Finney. joints. Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography.Wesley. COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure . Integration: Formulas of integration. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions. S. Introduction to folds. age. Earth as a member of solar system. erosion and related landforms.. lineation and unconformities. its origin. Weathering. nonrepeated linear factors. theorems on differentiation (sum. 10th Ed. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. New Delhi. by parts integration (simple applications). This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals. faults. Jr. irreducible quadratic factors. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. Chain rule. 3. L. Pacific Grove. Chatterjee. Analytical Geometry.Cramer’s Rule. weathering and erosion. G. earthquakes. Smith. product and quotient rules without derivations). Addission. difference. 4th Ed. J. R. K. cleavages. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. Abraham.
Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life. E.II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution. 19 . Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. Biodiversity of canal. interactions among diversified life.. biodiversity crises. R. Smith. How Does Earth Work. unicellularity. examples of adjustments in varied environment. Biodiversity of hilly areas. consequences of losing biodiversity. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification. Geographical aspects of biodiversity. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. crucial for organisms’ sustainability. 2005. Field Study tour.. J. D. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis.. 2004. 9th Edition.. Routledge. Lutgens. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species. D. Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation. J. E. Tarbuck. G. COURSE 8 BIOLOGY . Earth Science. invasion of life on land.. F.. R. 2007 3. Life in sea. Use of brunton compass and GPS. and Monroe. Physical Geology and Process of Science.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps... animals). Prentice Hall. measuring biodiversity. Park. A. F. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. Darwinism. Biodiversity of deserts. Tarbuck. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants. Brooks/Cole. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat. 4. and Tasa. population loss and decline.. causes of extinction. Wicander. Lamarckism. J. protocell formation. Prentice Hall: 2006. Geological time chart with biodiversity.Identification of rocks and minerals. multicellularity. 5. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories. and Pun. K. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms. 2007 2. Foundations of Structural Biology. 11th Edition. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water. modern concepts. Prentice Hall. Recommended Books: 1. 3rd Edition. molecular basis of biodiversity. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity. 5th Edition. different classification systems. K. and Tasa. G. Lutgens.
R.. The Biosphere. Allan & Carter. Bradbury. 2005. 2nd Edition. The Ecology of global consumer culture. Adam. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. 3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment. Culture. a Human Emphasis. New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. 2. Blackwell Science Ltd. COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure . UK. Routledge. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. Walnut Creek. and concerns. (editors).E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems. Chronological. Recommended Books: 1. (editor). Scope and application. USA. J. Prospect Heights. Biodiversity (An Introduction). 4. I. and Sustainable Living. 2001. John Wiley and Sons. Contemporary environmental status. IL:WavelandPress. 2009. CA: AltaMira Press. 3. Hannen. 3. P. Nora and Wilk. 2006. Use of environment for vested interest. 2009. New York: New York University Press. C. 20 . I. Townsend. Gaston.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. K. Inc. Conceptualizing environment. Perspective of human-environment evolution. Biology. K. Tripartite nature of environment. Wadsworth Group. Environmental Risks and the Media. Understanding the environment-human relationship. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology. Goals and expectations. Starr. Inc. UK. Crumley. 2000. Contemporary environment issues and debate. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions.K. power & hegemony. 2. culture and society. Consumption. and Spicer. J. 2003. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. C. L. UK.. globalization and environmental issues. 5th Edition.
output hardware. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere.. processing hardware.Microsoft office 2000. Local Area Network.1999. Rutledge. G. 6.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure . Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures. Types and classification of computers.BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment. as are their effects on the biosphere. Ms-Access. Marquis A. software packages. Storage hardware.London 1996. Kluwer Academic Publishers. e-mail.5. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered. Software: Application software.6th Ed. Ed. K. After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry. Milton. Courter. Recommended Books: 1. computer programs and basic applications.. Operating system (Windows). 2003. 21 .C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components. Ms-Power Point. internet. physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry. Long l.H. Long N. Configurations. COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure . Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse. Fundamentals of computer. Selin. system software. Course Outlines Definition. Hardware: Input Hardware. Introduction to MS-Word. Ms-Excel. 2.
Green house effect and its effects on biological systems. Global climate and climatic change. J. Active control of sound. Measurement and comparison of the 22 . UK.. Gaussian plumes in the air.D. Reducing the transmission of sound. Solids. Fregoso-Infante. Environmental impact of various industries. 3. and Singh. Nuclear energy. 2004. Canada. Ozone chemistry. Turbulence. India. Liquids and Gasses. Chemical reactions. P.. Radioactivity and nuclear physics. 2008. Isotopes and radioactive decay. 2. Environmental Chemistry. J. USA. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. 4. 2nd Edition. Human perceptions and noise criteria. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants. C.Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry. Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics. 5.. M. G. DoriaSerrano.. Brimblecombe. Andrews. Ibanez. Energy conversion. Equations of fluid dynamics. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light.J. Solar spectrum. Sound and Noise. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Germany. M. interaction of light with matter. Energy. 2005. J. Springer. Banerji Prentice Hall of India. Conversion of mass. Liss..G. Transport of pollutants. Turbulent diffusion. Environmental Chemistry.. Environmental Science. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light. Girard. 2004. Diffusion.S.M. Samir.. B. their sources and toxic actions. Entropy. Thomson-Brooks.. 1st Edition. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer. 1999. Jickells.. Fundamentals of aquatic. Miller. and Reid. photosynthesis. atmospheric and soil chemistry.T. Recommended Books: 1. Blackwell Science. K.E.. COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter. trophic level. Jones and Barlett. Fate of pollutants in environment. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts.E. Heat radiation and heat transfer.. Hernandez-Esparza. T. Basic acoustics. its causes and adverse effects on environment. Turbulent jets and plumes. A. Ozone and UV light. Particle physics. Electromagnetic radiation. P.
Physics of the Environment and Climate. UK. USA. population and environmental quality. World Bank Publications. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter. Introductory Environmental Physics. economic progress. Natural resources and the economy. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. C. Impact of economic activity on environment. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. M. S. Todaro. P. J. Recommended Books: 1. Measures for sustainable development. Yusuf. 2006. Growth and development. S. Kentucky USA. 2008. Environmental Physics.Economic development. Seinfeld. Sustainable development. poverty. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods. Routledge. Field visit. 2001. Wesely Publishers. concepts and measurement. Guyot. economic growth. economic welfare and difference among all. New York. USA. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. Boeker. USA.. Smith. Economic management and environmental quality. 3. H. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development. N. 2001. Economic Development. 7th Ed.1998. and Pandis.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. and Resource allocation. Praxis publishing. Course Outlines Introduction to economics. producer and community point of view. Growth and Environment. economic growth and its measurement. 4. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. Pakistan economic context: National income. USA. Recommended Books: 1. and Van Grondelle. John Wiley and Sons Inc. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Environmental economics. R. 2. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. Man environmental relationship. Producer behavior. interaction between ecology and economic management. 2008. 23 . 2. COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. G. E. Economic functions of environment.
the ethics of soil. 2007. 4. Environmental philosophy and ethics. J. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale. Ecology. C. Callicott. World Bank Publications. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. Frodeman. DeVeer.. 4. temperature. N. branches of ecology. and systems ecology. 3. International Thomson Publishing. USA. J.A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems.. 2008. its fundamental concepts. concepts and approaches. description of population. 2. SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology. B. COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure . and White. Russell. species. Hanley. 2002. B. Palgrave Macmillan. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy. & Pierce.V. Introduction to ethical theory. R. Recommended Books: 1.3. Shogren. England. LLC. Portland 1967. Swift.. community and ecosystem. 2009. Ecosystem and its types. soil. community. Farmington Hills. USA. ethics and ecology. Economics. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy.. Environmental Critics of agriculture. role of light. water. population. World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. Natural philosophy. M. levels of ecological organization. London. D. biogeography. WCIV7AA. Touchstone Books. 2008. Kessinger Publishing. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy. A History of Western Philosophy. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. B. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. Course Outlines Introduction. 24 .A.
Cox. Microbial metabolism. J. M C J 1st ed.L and Reiss. Odum. Systems ecology. Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. C. Thomson Brooks/Cole. King’s College London. Recommended Books 1. ecological modeling. 5th Ed.topography and air as ecological factors. After completion of this course. 2000. Ecology (principles and applications). and S. Chapman. P. and Barett. Biogeochemical cycles of C. plant geography and animal distribution. 3. various concepts of community. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. with special emphasis on their environmental impact. Population distribution and abundance. UK. E P. N. J. UK. distribution limits. Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. C. agricultural and industrial ecosystems. COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment. Ecology (concepts and applications. characteristics of urban. 2004. aquatic microbiology. productivity of different ecosystems.W. and More. Fundamentals of Ecology. Tata McGraw-Hill. landscape changes and their importance. Concepts of Limiting factors. New Delhi. role and application of microorganisms in the environment. 1999 4. 2001 5. Populations. 1st Ed. Lab Work 25 . B. 6th Ed. Cambridge University Press. WCB/McGraw-Hill. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). Dash. 1992. Fundamentals of Ecology. Biomes of the world. G. landscape ecology. Ecosystem: structure and function. 2. students will be able to understand the significance. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. population dynamics. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems. M. New York. M J.) Moles. bacteria and eukarya. Microbiology of terrestrial environments. community dynamics. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. habitat and niche. biotic factors. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea. aero-microbiology and food microbiology.
P. its sources and their effects.R. McInernery. Mean plate count. M. Crawford.J. 2007. Sylvia. C. Case Studies. transportation & treatments. American Society for Microbiology..K. Soil.L.P. A.. 3.. 2. and Stetzenbach. J. Recommended Books: 1.Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection.. Human & other living organisms. nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution. Hartel. Knudsen.F..J. USA.M. 2002.. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual.. Prentice Hall.V. USA.G.and Vesilaind. isolation.A. Dilution plate technique. Maier. and Zuberer. Prescott. 2005. 2005. 2009. Environmental Pollution and Control. 2005. USA. Cambridge UK. 4. M. 26 .. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution. D.J. Water. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution. McGraw Hill Inc. Microbiology.D. Academic Press. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal. Solid Waste generation. L..A.and Brendecke. Hurrst. 5. Hill.. P. Marine & Industrial pollution. Washington DC. USA. L. New Jersey. USA. P. R. D.1998. J. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution. Weiner. Fate of Environmental Pollutants. Academic Press. I. Cambridge University Press. Peiece. UK. Manual of Environmental Microbiology. and Jeffery. C. and Gerba. W. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water.L. Types of Environmental pollution: Air. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally. 4th Edition.Gerba. (Elsevier) USA. Academic Press. and Klein. peppor. 2. Collection. London. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines. International Protocols (BASAL Convention). Pepper. G. R. Effects of Pollutants. Pollution Control Strategies. J.J.. Butterworth-Heinemann. purification and preservation. Fuhrmann. F.J. 1995.C. D. Environmental Microbiology. Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents.P.B. 3.W. Recommended Books 1.M.I. 2 Edition.. Harley. 2nd Edition. Understanding Environmental Pollution.A.M.L.. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic. Noise.
2006 5. A. Sadder. Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History. 2002.W. Heat and the Earth's atmosphere. Climatology. 4. American Public Health Association (APHA). Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere. Spyros. Lawrance K. concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications. A brief historical background and schools of psychology. global circulation. 5. 3. 2.. Marcel Dekkar. Karachi. Solar radiations. Surface winds.E. John H. climatic zones of Pakistan. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere. The climate of Pakistan. Houghton J. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology. N. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . The Hydrologic cycle. air pressure. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater.From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. Mechanism of heat transfer. 1992. processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. The Atmosphere. Factors affecting air Pressure.. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment. local winds. COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems.. John Wiley and Sons. Radiation and climate. Environmental psychology. 6th Edition. Weather and Climate. Methods of psychology. condensation and cloud Formation. Shamshad. The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan..M. Four Spheres of the Earth. 27 . Austin Miller. K. 2003. Cloud Classification.2nd Editions. COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences. Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). . The Physics of Atmospheres.J.K.4. Lutgens. Pandis. Royal book company. Cambridge University Press. 1988. Tarbuck. Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided. Recommended Books: 1.F.
Water and distribution of species. species response to pollutants. carbon dioxide and global climate change. energy and carbon balance. Fundamental of Psychology. Environmental perception and cognition. COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. Greene. 1992. 28 . wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change. Fisher J. Routledge.C. sustainable agriculture. Ecology of food production. 5th Edition. High population density and psychological impacts. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. P. Future water scenario of Pakistan. techniques and methods of restoration. M. their management and ecological restoration. Restoration of derelict lands. Course Outline Introduction. and Baum A. Water resources of the world and Pakistan.D. Soil as a natural resource. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Background and scope. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species. soil resources of Pakistan. Sustainable agricultural practices. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts. soil salinity and water logging. Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. solar radiation and primary production. London. Ecological restoration. CRC Press. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. rivers. Eysenck. limitation of irrigated agriculture. Bell. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives.W. CRC Press. soil erosion and conservation. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. T. concepts. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. Recommended Books: 1. Water as an ecological resource. 2001.. Pollution control through Ecology. threats and mitigation.. Sustainable livestock management practices. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. 2. London. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture.A.characteristics and research methods. Routledge. Environmental Psychology.
Toxicity: Types and its measurement. and Hobbs. Blackwell Scientific Publications. Determination of Interaction of chemicals. Oxford. E.P. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. Israr-ud-Din. Determination of chemicals in biological samples. biological effects. 4. B.National Book Foundation. on human and other living organisms.. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. Thomson Brooks/Cole. Rashid. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. K and Habib. Shirkat Gah. toxicology of chemicals. 5. water and soil. Synergism. their containment and control strategies. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic. J. Zedler. and Memon... Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History. R. Foundations of Restoration Ecology. in vivo & in vitro assays. Margaret A. Pakistan’s Environment. A. dose response relationship in living organisms. J. D. G. toxicity screening using microbial systems. Odum E. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures. Islamabad. 2000 2. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management.Recommended Books: 1. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system. Mumtaz. 2004. Potentiation and Addition. and Barett. COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals. Organs. Fundamentals of Ecology. 1989.W. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water. toxins vs toxicants. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. 3. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents. toxins & toxicants. Falk.I. K. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals. Immunological considerations in toxicology. soil and air samples. Peshawar. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants.S. 2nd ed.A. 2006. University of Peshawar.1998. 29 . The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. Lahore. Island Press. from natural and anthropogenic sources. Chemical interactions and their types. 1996. terminologies: Poisons. Newman. Studies in Pakistan Geography. Soil Science. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms. USA. 5th Edition. P. A. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques..
education. 5th Edition. 1st Edition. water resources. economic development and the environment. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis. Environmental Profile of Pakistan. major ecosystems. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology. State of the Environment-Pakistan . Recommended Books: 30 .Science of Poisons . (ed. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York. industry. Williams. Macmillan Press Ltd. measuring environmental benefits. Course Outlines Introduction to history. clean development mechanism. General and Applied Toxicology.. pollution control-a general model. M.M. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann. economic aspects of different environmental problems. Hughes. the economic benefits of different environmental resources. 1993. P. McGrawhill. Klassen.2005 2. culture. Ballantyne. international trade and the environment. land.). urbanization and pollution. geography. Course Outlines Introduction. Recommended Books 1. COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development. 1992. 3.D. 1996.Recommended Books 1. the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements. 2005 2.1 & 2. First and Second law of Thermodynamics. B. T and Turner. health. CRC Press Llc. Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. W. topographic zones. the economy and the environment. W. Government of Pakistan. USA. Ecological: ecological zones. USA. people. 3. Economic: agriculture. Vol. 1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development. 1st Edition. USA. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement.
I. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling. COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. Field. COD.K.. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association). USA.. 1993.D. Sample preservation methods.J.C. D. 2005.R. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin. Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory.UK..K. C. 3. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. Johns Hopkins University Press.2004.I. Analytical techniques for soil.L. Standard solutions and standard curves. Australia. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery. precision and accuracy. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve. D. 2. Thomson and Brooks. 2003. All Solids. Oxford. Sparrow and D. D. Lab Work S. Conductivitymetry. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive. Reuter. K. Data interpretation for quality control. 3. Skoog. water and plant analysis. handling. Oxford University Press. Gravimetery. Environmental Economics: An Introduction. A. I. Spectroscopy and Chromatography. Biomarkers in environmental assessment. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. West. 2000. Kolstad. M. Pearce. Recommended Books: 1. Fluoride. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples. 2. New York. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction.. Peverill. Titrimetery. units.2002. Holler.and Field. Sample collection. NO3–N & NH4-N). Use of Potentiometery. L. CSIRO Publ. soil (NPK and organic matter contents. J. BOD. and derived S. M.W.1. 6th Edition. D. and Batemen. B. Collingwood. 1999.A. salinity & sodicity). Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH. Turner. 8th Edition.. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual. Freeman & Co. preparation and storage. and F. 4. Titrimetery. 31 . Harris. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. C. Conductivitymetry. Environmental Economics. Gravimetery..
Biotechnology. Scragg. Smith. Sambrook. and Russel. Germany. Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants. D. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. 3. Recombinant DNA technology.P. England. 4. Recommended Books 1. USA. students will be able to understand the significance. National Biosafety Guidelines. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. J. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms. 2nd Ed. Hans- Joachim. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd. Wiley-VCH Verlag. USA. 2009. Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems.1999. Environmental Biotechnology. Government of Pakistan. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques.living organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution. Tools in environmental biotechnology. 2005. Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques. Cambridge University Press. purification and preservation of DNA. Biomarkers. 2001. J. Derbre. Bioreactors.E. After completion of this course. Chichoster.). Introduction to microbial kinetics.W. New York. National Biotechnology Commission.COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments. USA.. Course Outlines Introduction. 5th Ed. J. Oxford University Press. W. (ed. A. 2005. Isolation. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment.. and application of biotechnology in the environment. 2. 2007. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns.D. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. PCR. and Josef. New York. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures. COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 . Biosensor.
Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. Agriculture. Aerial photography. Jensen. Active and Passive remote sensing. integration of information from many sources. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1. Harvey. Cartography. map projection and coordinate systems. Mc Graw Hill Education. 2. Inc. Rancez. 2008. 2000. A. Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. F. Introduction to Photogrammetry. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. Z. Interpretation. Pearsons Education. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. V. R. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. Lulla. history and platforms. Introduction to GIS. Forestry. Different types of maps. Inc. analysis and output. Fishery and wildlife. Satellite Imageries. Image Processing. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission. Inc. History and data collection. 3. Preparation of thematic maps. 2000. Dessinov. K and L. COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . advantages and limitations of process. Energy Sources. Guilfoud press New York. Using and reading GPS in field. 5. 1999. Campbell. Types of data used in GIS. Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. John Wiley and Sons. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). 4. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. eradication of the duplicated data. Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. Data entry and output. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. Data acquisition. John Wiley and Sons. 2009.
Environmental Economy. threats to biodiversity and its conservation.3rd Edition . 2001. Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1. Sheldon. Course Outlines Introduction. American Society for Quality. Conservation of biodiversity. philosophical. Michigan. Environmental Management tools.. WWF Pakistan. 2. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS). B. social and ethical values of biodiversity. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). F. Environmental aspects and impacts.2nd Ed. plant.C. American Society for Quality. hot spots of biodiversity. need and approach. economic. Certification of EMS.This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits. Khan.. and Qasim. types of biodiversity. threats to biodiversity. Systems and Support Techniques. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production. animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan. 2005. principles of Cleaner production. Environmental Management Systems Principles. eco-design. COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. 4. 3. and Yoxon. M. 2006. cleaner technologies. Related Environmental legislation. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. Methods of environmental protection. standards and guidelines. M.). Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. 34 . Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor. etc. Environment and sustainable development.. Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles. A. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. alpha and beta diversity. 1998. ecological. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management. International Organization for Standardization.
their categories.e. 2000.D. London. P. soil and living organisms. Legal protection of species. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing. national and international laws and regulations. A Primer for Conservation Biology. Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures. refrigeration and freezing methods. in-situ and ex-situ conservation. 2. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water.. NOC for plant operation. Considerations. 2000. Course Outlines Introduction. ecotourism.B. Associates Inc. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques. habitats. Conservation of wildlife.R. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora. Cox. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples. design and types of samples. cities. Sunderland. role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes. presampling requirements/information. Publ. community and ecosystem level. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme. P.. 2ndEd. and Morre.B. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan. plants. Recommended Books: 1. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan. Lahore).conservation at species. Biogeography. Kings College.. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. 1998.B. laboratory custody. EIA requirement. population. Mirza. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan. forests. management. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring. water. Z. conservation and livelihood. Quality assurance and quality control. protected areas. field custody. role of traditional knowledge in conservation. air. croplands. Sinauer. Preservation methods including pH control. international agreements. conservation strategies. 3. Rawalpindi. conservation in man-made ecosystems. quality assessment. quality control sampling. C. chemical addition. Lab Work Sampling techniques (air. sampling and design purposes. Saad Printers. 35 .
Peakall. 2000. Recent Climate Change Indicators. L. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. 2002. (eds.1999. Murai. and Guethner.. H. biological. Chapman and Hall. 6. The Measurement of Climate Change. extinctions. (ed) Springer. Chuviero. 1992. 5. Lewis Publisher London. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. its causes and effects. chemical. Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. I. S. Forstner U. USA. Environmental Chemistry. 7. Japan Association on Remote Sensing. and social factors contributing to climate and global change.Recommended Books: 1. . and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change. Human responses to potential climate change. Physical. Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change. Air Pollution and Acid Rain. D. Moisture in the Atmosphere. USA. Burden. COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change. E. Ozone depletion. Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. N. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. 2008. Regional droughts and 36 . D. F. Tokyo. 2002.) McGraw-Hill. McKlivie. 3. agriculture. S. Korte. Energy and Temperature. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. 2008. Patterns in Winds and Pressure. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course. 2nd Edition. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts. USA. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data.1996. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. phenological changes. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. Manahan.USA. Remote Sensing Note. regional. altered community structure. Earth Observation of Global Change. E. UK. 2. Keith.. R. Precipitation. New York. 8. human health.
screening. Recommended Books: 1. Types & Resources to produce Energy. (ed. 2005. London. Cost and benefits of EIA. impact analysis. role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis. 1994. 6. and noise. public involvement. COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project. overview. 4. T. 2000. 3.cataclysmic climate change. 2005. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan.Causes. Effects.. John Wiley & Sons. Keith. and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction. Harrop. 5. reporting. Sringer. and Chadwick. Climate Change . 2004. Routledge. R.Causes. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. Global Warming and Climate Change. scoping. 2. principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society. and Solutions.T. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. Main stages in EIA process. Hardy. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels. mitigation and impact management. Islamabad.A. A. 3. law. & Nixon. liquid. 1st Edition.). 37 . 4. J. 1986. 2003. D. Effects.. Houghton. decision-making to implement the project. solids. Therivel. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. Ministry of Housing and Works. J. J. A. National Book Foundation. Glasson. John Wiley & Sons. Climate Change . Global Change and the earth system. Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems. and Solutions.. Blackwell. project implementation and follow up. review of EIA quality. Recommended Books: 1. Earthscan Publication Ltd.. J. London. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts.(ed).. J. social impact assessment (SIA). EIA project management. 2003. Oxford. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan. 1999. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. 2.. Petts. Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2).O. Islamabad. 2005. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice. Hardy..
(ed. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy. management options. 1993. best available option for future. Ludwig. wind power and nuclear power. USA. Rangeland Management: existing status. Goldsmith. New York. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. their pros and cons. Asian Development Bank. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level. M. effective management.. S. Everitt. forest types and its existing management. Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. solar power. Conservation in Progress.). & McCabe. H. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia. wildlife census. national agriculture policy. threat and its causes. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area. occurrence and distribution of natural resources. J. limitation in the future.B and Warren. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources. EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. R. causes and methods for its improvement. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. methodologies.. B. and Tu. Types. 1997. requirement. R. United Nations Environment Programme. 2002.. Watershed management: Importance basic principles. national example. threats. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan. Recommended Books: 1.. their current status and threats. Lohani. importance. B. agriculture chemicals. Carpenter.. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level. management options. Sadler. COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification. Evans. 38 .. A. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies. process and contents of the management plan. Development of Management Plan: needs. F.. 2nd Edition. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning.5. existing management approaches. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources. agriculture products and their share in GDP. 6. national and provincial legislation. John Willey & Sons. problem in agriculture.
1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study. Research Design & Research Methods. to introduce students to research design. Islamabad. 4. John Wiley & Sons. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically. 39 . Review of Literature. Elsevier. Questionnaire. Review of Literature. 1984.F. 2007.Amsterdam.E. types of sampling design/. Research Proposal: its importance .2. R. Case Studies. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1. Selecting the Research Method. Surveys. Sage CA. Hansen. and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. Bibliography. Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. 1992. Environmental Conservation. Scientific Methods. concepts and terminologies. 5. 1990. Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf.L. Inference based on findings. Interviews. Objectives. How to put things together? Introduction. Material Methods.. USA. research methods. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design. GOP and IUCN. Thousand Oaks. Search Engines. Dasmann. P. Methodology. and Jorqensen.A pre-requisite for Research. V. J. population and sampling frames. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. Creswell. Scientific Research: Science. Experimental Research. Sampling: the logic of sampling. & Plano Clark. W. Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison). 3. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research.E. S. London. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data. Literature Search: Database. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods. New York.
2nd Edition. M. The Craft of Research by Wayne C. Survey Research Methods. Law Books House. England. 2001 and the rules of business made there under. 1997. Chichester. 6. Booth.S. 1989.. National Conservation Strategy 5. 2000. Univ. Students project in Environmental Science. Wadsworth Publishing Company. Robert Yin. Recommended Books: 1.Harrad. Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation. 1997. National Environmental Policy 4. Marilyn F.. 2003. S. E. G. Writing Science Through Critical Thinking. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance. USA.2. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan.USA. R. Sage Publishers. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers. 3. Case Study Research: Design and Methods.h. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development. 2008. Babbie. 2001. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans. USA. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan.. Government of Pakistan 3. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules.Batty. 5. Qadar. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act. 4.. Moriarty. SNBP Local Government Ordinance. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 . and Arhonditsis. 3rd Edition. Diamon. of Chicago Press. regulations made there under. 2003. John and sons Ltd. Belmont California. 2.
This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45
POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46
RESEARCH PROJECT/ INTERNSHIP
E-I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY
To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,
5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.
climate change and its impacts on our future water resources. Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. groundwater exploitation. Islamabad.. water quality and quantity aspects.1993. Pakistan. U. Ahmed. O. pollution aspects. and Malik. tubewells. Ahmed. flood and drought management. Islamabad. 3. (ed.. Cheema. 1993. virtual water. 2003. 2005. Bengali. 2006.. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan. Mirajuddin Publication . I. Course Outlines Water resource and its management. wetlands resources management. A. Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia. 44 . integrated water resources management (IWRM). it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects. and Tortajada. N. Groundwater Resources of Pakistan. 2006. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector.).E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan. fisheries management. Lahore. C. Revised & enlarged edition.. Biswas.. Khan.Varis.Lahore.. R. watershed/catchment. R.). like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. with drinking water facilities like springs. improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency. Oxford University Press New Delhi.. Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant. 5.K. water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment. N. flood and droughts. 6. and Qamar. Mirajuddin Publication . Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry. Indus Water Accord 1991. A. (eds. water supply and demand management measures. Pakistan . SDPI Oxford University Press. hydrological cycle. Oxford University Press Karachi. Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization. 2. The Politics of Managing Water. J. Asia Printer. A. recycling and re-use of wastewater. 4. precipitation distribution in Pakistan. Briscoe. P. Recommended Books: 1. Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT). K.
Urbanization. Cation and anion exchange. transport.E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. urban patterns and ecosystem functions.T. Course Outlines Introduction.C. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. management and green productivity. CA. 2007. Pakistan. 2008. residential mobility and the neighborhood change. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization. Forms of urbanization. R. Course Outlines Introduction. Factors and processes of soil formation. and Bantel. NJ. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. NJ. soils. urban flora and fauna. 1. Hillel. Definition. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. Bashir. N. 2007. Soils in Our Environment. 1996. E. Academic Press. urban landscapes characteristics. Brady.R. Upper Saddle River. USA. D.. USA. Miller. After completion of this course. Urban ecosystem. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. Prentice Hall. Soil buffering capacity and its importance. 11th Edition. Soil Science. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. and Weil. Types and properties of parent materials. Soil forming minerals. R. Process and outcome. National Book Foundation. USA. Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. future of urban centers. urban political ecology. Soil degradation. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. 45 . hydrological processes. humans as components of urban ecosystems. urbanization in Pakistan. urban settlements. Islamabad. Upper Saddle River. D. Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils. Physical and chemical properties of soil. PrenticeHall. Gardiner.W. the salient features of urban environments. R.. San Diego. Causes of urbanization.
SBS academic publishing.and Kowaril. Planning and its relationship with other professions. E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. Principles of planning. Silberstein. The planning process. Elements of urban planning. 2006. S. H. Kate. London. Smith. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. Land use planning theories. 46 . 2. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans. V. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level.. UK. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation. Aims and Objectives of planning. Ward. Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments.. UR. C.and Maser. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. Chapman and Hall.. 2007. The Works: Anatomy of a City. Routledge. 4. A. M.1990. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. Penguin Group. Planning and Urban Change. Sukopp. New trends in planning and city management. nature and purpose of urban planning. Hough. M. UK. USA. USA. 2009.S. Hague. Hejny. Recommended Books: 1. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city. Levels of planning. D. Springer. I. New York. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability. 3. 2. 2004. 1. 2000. Gilbert.Recommended Books: Urban Ecology. 5. City Design for Sustainable Development. Justification for planning for city management. Types of Urban Plans. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems. O. S. Scope. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area.. nd 2 Edition. UK. CRC Press LLC. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. J. Routledge. London. 2004. SAGE Publications Ltd. 1989. Alberti.L. The Ecology of Urban Habitats.. Planning theories and concepts.
. H. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization.. 1993. 47 . Prediction. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N. 4. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research. Landslide. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies. The Environment as Hazard Burton I. Political factors. ADB. 3. and White G.. 2. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. Flooding. Hazards. Disaster as an opportunity for development. G. 1989.. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies. The Guilford Press. It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. New York. Cultural factors. Recommended Books: 1. Different approaches and Indicators. Natural cycles and their role. R. Socio-economic factors. UK. 2nd Edition. and Woodrow.. New York.. Flood Management: Organizational Role. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies.J. Earthquake Management. Earthquake. Boulder . Chapman & Hall. E&UA Div. 1993. Disaster Management: Components of management.F. P. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). Clara. Natural Disasters Alexander. Government of Pakistan. 1993. It discusses a wide range of aspects. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum. Disaster Management Trainings and Policies. Longman Group. D. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made. Paris.3. 1991. i. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development.W.. Islamabad.B. Ministry of Housing and Works. Techniques and methods to assess hazard. M. International phenomenon. Kates. Introducing Town Planning.W.e. 4. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards.UNESCO. Physical factors.. 1986. Manila. Westview Press. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms. Role of Media in Disaster Management.
1. R. Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem. Phytoremediation and bioremediation. Westport. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. Course Outlines Energy-development and environment.M.B and Keller. environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources. sustainable energy management. USA. M.. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources.H. 3. 2001. Paris. types. E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment. hydropower.. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem.A. Sustainable livestock management. and Mushkatel.5. Quorum Books. 6. Biotic structure. consumers.. Consumer and producer relationship. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation. energy resources. 2007. 48 . biomass resources. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions.W. decomposers. 1984. John Wiley and Sons. 1983. OECD/IEA. merits and demerits of wind. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources. local. 2007. Deforestation for agricultural purposes. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. McKinney. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. solar. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan.L. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. 4th Edition. energy resources of Pakistan. Perry R. primary producers. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers.C. and Yonavjak. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America. alternate energy resources. Farming practices for pests and weeds control. New York. D. Botkin. Agroecology. Disasters and Development Cuny. F. Ecological concept in crop and food production. 2. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems. 6th Edition. A. L. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals. E. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life. Schoch. uses.
1995. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species. Westview Press. Experimental Plant Ecology. Study of stratification and profile diagram.H. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity. New York.M. 2000.A.. Boulder. Study of index of diversity.Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species. R. 1990. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity. Recommended Books: 1. and Rossel.R. Yandermeer J.P.Determination of density and abundance of plant species. Altreri. C. New Delhi.G. USA. Agrocology. India. 2. USA. and Sudha. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture. P. McGraw Hill Publishing Company. CBS Publishers and Distributors. Corol. 3. E-11 Seminar 49 . Kapur. M.
3. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. the Committee agreed on the following principles. 5. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme. 2. it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor. The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science. 4. that: 1. availability of the faculty and other facilities. The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines. The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science. 50 .
12. 2. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. 7. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 . 23. 14. 5. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. 12. 3. 7. 6. 22. 6. 3. 13. 21. Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. 16. The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. 10. 4. 9. 19. 11. 8. 25. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 5. 24. 26. 4.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1. 17. 9. 20. 11. 10. 8. 2. 18. 15.
Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management. status of Terrestrial. London. NCS. Islamabad. Khan K. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space.1994.1991. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan. S. GOP and IUCN. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment. 2nd Edition. 2. S.S. FURTHER READINGS 1. 3. Mackenzie.. 2. 1991. Regional and International Environmental Issues.E. D. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan. F. 4. Treaties. Oxford University Press. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. S. P. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan. Elsevier. London Black Stone Press Ltd. Mackenzie J.T. Relationship of culture. 1987. Carrying capacity and sustainable development. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future.1994. Instruments and methods. Hansen. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences. Conventions and Protocols in Global.. 3. development of concepts. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS).. Provincial and Local Strategies.F. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling.1995. Ball.. COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management.. Karachi. Environment People and Economy.A. and Jorqensen.E. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems. Environmental control Policies. and Bell. Geography of Pakistan. Conservation Strategies. Hodder and Stoughton. WCS. Oxford University Press. Recommended Books: 1. Money.DETAILS OF M. Amsterdam. 1992. Draft National Environmental Policy. 52 . Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall. technology and resource use.
Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. DC. Ministry of Environment. Gas Chromatography etc. Environmental and Social Impact assessment. Demographic impact assessment. A one Publishers Lahore. ecological impact assessment. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. Environmental auditing. History. Harlow Essex. Burnt Hill. ed. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. 53 . Recommended Books: 1. Assessment of environmental impacts. sample collection and preservation. England. FURTHER READINGS 1. 3. process. D. Recommended Books: 1. 1995. Washington. A. COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. 2. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. Longman House. World Bank. Environmental Chemical Analysis. Wood. Sectoral guidelines for EIA. Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Longman Scientific and Technical. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). 1993. Ahmed. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants. Government of Pakistan. UK.Vanclay. C. 1995. social impact assessment. Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment.COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). Principles of physical. WB. K. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements.. F & Bronstein. John Wiley & Sons. Chichester. Ed. opportunities and issues. 2. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. economic impact assessment. Wastewater. Cost benefit analysis of projects. sampling rules.A. Case Studies and review. Environment Department. role and importance. Air and Solid Waste. procedures and methods of EIA. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery.
Yassi. Mantel s. J. S. Meredith J. K. Lippmann. inputs. assumptions. 2nd Ed. prevention and control. Project Planning. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. 2. R. 5. Accident prevention and safety plans. M. T. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. John Wiley and Sons.. work breakdown structure. A. de Kok. outputs. 54 . Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic. Wiley Interscience. principles and practices. Project Management Institute...2000. L. A Guide to Project Management. feasibility study. USA. 1998. Ergonomic and Safety. and Guidotti.. and Wright. 2... Defining Project objectives. safety techniques. 4. MS Project Recommended Books: 1.. activities. 1st Ed. 2001. communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne. means of verification. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. Basic Environmental Health. air borne. T. T. 1st Ed. Park. 3.. J. COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems. Planning Commission Performas. food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. Project Initiation. USA. 1992. UK. Environmental Health Engineering. R. development objectives. T. economic evaluation. Project Management: A Managerial Approach. London. Resource Mobilization. New York. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide.COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project. Recommended Books: 1. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). Nebel. Caeneross. 1997. Oxford University Press New York. B. Project Planning and Approval Processes. Kjelllström. 1993. Need identification. Writing Project Proposal. Project Life Cycle. Van Nostrand and Reinhold. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Reasons for Project success or failure. 1st ed. Inc.. Occupational Health: problems and issues. Primary health care services. M/S Banarsid. indicators. specific objectives. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. 2002. Government Policies and Programs. Prentice Hall International Inc. Public health concept.
non-renewable and renewable. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. 1990b. Sources of data. 4th Edition. ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family. 6th Edition. Paris. 3. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. solar. 1998. McKinney. Paris. bio-energy resources.A. Environmental auditing. Michigan-January 2001. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal.. hydropower. energy resources. 4. 2. L. 3. D.M. sustainable energy management for agriculture. principles and elements of the process of EMS. 2007. USA. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. Schoch. gas. Recommended Books: 1. R. Recommended Books: 1. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. Switzerland. D. energy resources of Pakistan.L. alternate energy resources. transport. OECD/IEA. John Wiley and Sons. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. industry and domestic sectors. types. data collection and interpretation. Principles of cleaner production. petroleum. Related Environmental regulations. Botkin. nuclear) local. Sayre. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Environmental Auditing. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor. and Yonavjak. 2007. E. St Luise Press. ISO Central Secretariat.B and Keller. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). M. merits and demerits of wind. 2001. 2. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management.COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. 55 . uses.
2005. 1st Edition. B & Jager. John Wiley & Sons.. and Solutions. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. Recommended Books: 1. John Wiley & Sons. J.Causes. J. 1. D. water resources. 2003. climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. Oxford UK. 4. geographical and temporal patterns. Hardy.Causes. ED. Climate Change . D. Species richness. Climate change and food production. Berlin. Climate Change . (Ed. Green House Gases. London. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. John Wiley & Sons.. Warrick. E & Muller-Hohenstein. 2005. K. 2004. Recommended Books: 1. competition and coexistence. 56 . fine-scale to large-scale dynamics. Plant Ecology. global aspects of plant ecology. & Charlesworth. 3. E. resources and plants. Beck. 3. survival and extinction. UK. 2005. etc. human activities and vegetation dynamics. Earthscan Publication Ltd. UK 1991. 2. plant invasions. Hardy.COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. Chichester. Effects. Maarel. Modeling of climate change. forests. Effects. Introduction to Plant Population Biology. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. types and their climatic effects. T. Springer. 2003. Blackwell Publishing. The Green House Effect.). Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Plant population dynamics. Blackwell Publishing. Vegetation Ecology Ed. 2. 2005. Climate Change and Ecosystems. plant conservation.T.D. 5. Houghton. management and restoration. ECOPE 29. types of climate change models. vegetation dynamics. Life history strategies of plants. J. and Solutions. Shulze. Silvertown. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. Oxford.
& Ripley. Forest plantations. 2.A. their importance. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan. Wildlife of Pakistan. T. Consumptive. 1998. Sinauer Assocaites. Blackwell Publsihing. Recommended Books: 1. 1984. E. Global and national biodiversity. 3. types.J. Weddell. 1986. their types and role in conservation. Protection and restoration of species. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity. UK. deforestation and its control. Conserving Living Natural Resources.J. S. Biodiversity: An introduction. Oxford University Press. 2002. 4. I). London. its causes. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management. II). Recommended Books: 1. Wildlife Ecology and Management. Roberts. Oxford. Establishment and management of protected areas. And Bolen. Threatened animals and plants.) Gaston. 2002. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. Protected areas in Pakistan. Roberts. 3. Oxford University Press. Inc. John Wiley And Sons. status. Oxford University Press. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. Forests.B. UK.(2nd Ed. COURSE 11 WILDLIFE. types. S.J. Primack. 2004. threats and conservation. J.L. Loss of biodiversity. Cambridge University Press. 57 . habitats and ecosystems. B. distribution. Principles of Wildlife Management. Sustainable forest management. Participatory forest management. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity. Cambridge. 1992. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali. J. distribution and management. K. Cambridge. R. Essentials of Conservation Biology. & Spicer. kinds.J. Robinson. problems and solutions. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. biological diversity. T. Oxford. their ecological and economic importance.COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction. Publishers Sunderland. 5. Protected areas.D. Mcmillan.G. W. USA. distribution. Status of forests in Pakistan. FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. Rangeland management. 1973 2. management. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. Extinction of species. Oxford. Bailey. Wetlands.
1993. Forms of urbanization. Silberstein. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards.. Longman Group. S. Sustainable cities. V. 2000. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. C. 58 . London. sanitation. 1986. 3.. CRC Press LLC. Environmental problems of urban life. J. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages. Kate. A. USA. Introducing Town Planning.COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction. Ministry of Housing and Works. Urban land use planning and management. 2004.. Ward. drinking water and solid waste in cities.and Maser. UK. UK. 2007. Islamabad. 4. future of urban centers. Government of Pakistan. SAGE Publications Ltd. Planning and Urban Change. urban political ecology. urban landscape characteristics. urban systems and their characteristics. 2. H. management of transport. Penguin Group. urbanization in Pakistan. USA. Urban planning and management in Pakistan.. Recommended Books: 1. G. Clara. New York. E&UA Div. The Works: Anatomy of a City.
Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure.V. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. a) Functional English Grammar 1. Practical English Grammar by A. 1997. Third edition. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1.Annexure . Oxford University Press. Thomson and A. Exercises 1. Martinet.J. ISBN 0194313492 59 .A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking.
Upper Intermediate. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. minutes of meetings. Oxford University Press. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 . Martinet. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Fourth Impression 1993. Oxford Supplementary Skills. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. Thomson and A. Third Impression 1992. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. Third edition. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning.2. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Writing. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. intensive and extensive. Reading.J. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing.V. Reading/Comprehension 1. and speed reading. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. b) Practical English Grammar by A. Exercises 2. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. 1997.
2. Third edition. language. Oxford Supplementary Skills. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 . descriptive and argumentative writing). clarity. form.1. Writing. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. Writing.V. Exercises 2. Advanced. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Reading. narrative. 2. Fourth Impression 1993. Fourth Impression 1992. c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. Third Impression 1991. Practical English Grammar by A. discursive.J. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Thomson and A. Advanced by Ron White. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. Third Impression 1992. b) Writing 1. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. Writing. Martinet. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Oxford Supplementary Skills. Reading 1. introduction to presentations. content. Oxford University Press 1986.
(A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature.(particularly suitable for discursive. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. A Custom Publication. argumentative and report writing). College Writing Skills by John Langan. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. 62 . Martin’s Press. descriptive. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. 3. Kathleen Shine Cain. 2004. Mandell. Compiled by norther Illinois University. St. Kirszner and Stephen R. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. 2. without taxing the taste of engineering students). Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G.
B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. Indus Civilization ii. S. 3. Study the process of governance. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. government. Course Outline 1. contemporary Pakistan. Historical Perspective a. 1993. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. 63 Books Recommended 1. 1958-71 c. Contemporary Pakistan a. b. 1988-99 f. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. national development. People and Land i. 1977-88 e. . Muslim advent iii. Economic institutions and issues b. S. politics. 2. 2.M. Location and geo-physical features. 1971-77 d. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki. Ethnicity d. ideological background of Pakistan. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. State & Society in Pakistan. 4. Pakistan Political Roots & Development.Annexure . Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. 2000. 1947-58 b. 1999 onward 3. Mehmood. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. Akbar. Zaidi. Lahore. Karachi: Oxford University Press. 1994. Safdar. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. Society and social structure c. Shahid Javed.
6. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Political Parties in Pakistan. Safdar. Wilcox. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. Lawrence. History & Culture of Sindh. 11. Amin. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. Afzal. 1987. Enigma of Political Development. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. 64 . Club Road. 1993. Tahir. 12. nd.The Emergence of Banglades. Aziz. M. Zahid. The Political System of Pakistan. II & III. Politics in Pakistan.K. Khalid Bin. 1998. I. Washington: American Enterprise. 1980.5. 1980. Haq. 7. K. Karachi: Royal Book Company. Ziring. Muhammad Waseem. Institute of Public Policy Research. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. Vol. 9.. Ansar. 1976. Islamabad. Pakistan Under Martial Law.National Movement in Pakistan. Sayeed. 1972. Rafique. 8. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 1967. 13. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. Mehmood. Party. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. Ethno . 10. Wayne. Lahore: Vanguard. Noor ul. 14.
Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.56.A.A.Tadabar (Verse No1.19.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 .Annexure .A.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.21.20) Related to thinking.C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life. 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.40.A.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.57.58.6.
in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt.
“An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. Islamabad (2001) 67 . Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. IRI. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. “Emergence of Islam” . Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. International Islamic University. “Studies in Islamic Law. Pakistan.3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University.S. Ahmad Hasan.” Hussain Hamid Hassan. Bhatia.
not majoring in mathematics. matrix inverse. College Algebra and Trigonometry. cube roots of unity. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. 1987. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. Boston Swokowski EW. equations reducible to quadratic equations. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. Sharron S. complex numbers. system of linear equations. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. harmonic progression.Annexure . 1978. Houghton & Mifflin. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). introduction to sets. Beckenback EF. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP.D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. types. Cramer’s rule. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. PWS-Kent Company. functions. Wooton W. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. PWS-Kent Company. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. types of functions. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. set operations. determinants. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. 1986. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. trigonometric identities. Boston 68 . geometric progression. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE.
Recommended Books: Anton H. 1995. solution of equations involving absolute values. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. 2005. left-hand and right-hand limits. not majoring in mathematics. Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh.2. integration by substitution. 69 . derivatives. Reading. distance between two points. Calculus (3rd edition). 2005. Finney AR. PWS-Kent Company. differentiation of polynomial. Addison-Wesley. distance between a point and a line. Ma. not majoring in mathematics. functions and their graphs. various forms of equation of a line. continuity. inequalities. John Wiley. Calculus (11th edition). Boston Thomas GB. New York Stewart J. 1983. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Davis S. change of variables in indefinite integrals. integration by parts. parallel and perpendicular lines. intersection of two lines. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. rational and transcendental functions. USA 3. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. equation of a line. slope of a line. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. angle between two lines. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. Bevens I. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. continuous functions.
Analytic Geometry. PWS-Kent Company. 1986. system of linear equations. Cramer’s rule. College Algebra and Trigonometry. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. intersection of lines and circles. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic.Circle: Equation of a circle. 70 . 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. determinants. locus of a point in various conditions. • Contents 1. Introduction to sets. PWS-Kent Company. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. Scott. circles determined by various conditions. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. 1987. Conic Sections: Parabola. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). 1969 Kaufmann JE. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. Boston Swokowski EW. nature of roots of quadratic equations. functions. Boston 4. : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. types of matrices. hyperbola. • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. inverse of matrices. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). Matrices: Introduction to matrices. equations reducible to quadratic equations. set operations. Freshman and Company. types of functions. ellipse.
5.. J. standard deviation. ungrouped and grouped data. Latest Edition. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. tally sheet method. array. Latest Edition. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. types of frequency series. Walpole. Prentice Hall. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. PWS-Kent Company. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. R. skewness and kurtosis. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. Kaufmann. cumulative frequency curve. W. E. bar frequency diagram histogram. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’.. Latest Edition. variance. 3. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. discrete and continuous series. Books Recommended: 1. 2. individual.geometric and harmonic progressions. moments. E. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. 4. Swokowski. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. Measures of dispersion: Range. frequency polygon. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’.. Boston. R. deciles and percentiles. relationship of statistics with social science. trigonometric identities. E.. 2. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. Graphs: Graph of straight line. R. 71 . ‘Introduction of Statistics’. quartiles. characteristics of statistics. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. Wilcox. circle and trigonometric functions.
McCallum. and Transcendental Functions. 3rd Edition. Extreme Values of Functions. Mathews. 6. 1999. 2005. Addison Wesley publishing company. 11th Edition.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. Integration by Parts. W. products. Rational and Transcendental Functions. reduction formulae. H. Calculus Single and Multivariable. Calculus. Contents 1. 5. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus. Bevens. substitution method. Gleason. sinusoidal function. the inverse of differentiation. Schaum’s Outline Series. integral inequalities. E. • Integration Integration from first principles. applications of integration. Trigonometric Functions. 1983. logarithmic integration. integration by parts. Elliott Mendelson. S. John Wiley & Sons. 2002.Jr. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. the chain rule. Prentice-Hall. Inc. 2. Least-Squares Line. 4th edition. 8th edition. Inequalities. et al. Recommended Books: 1. Frank A. Boston. Jhon Willey & Sons. Hughes-Hallett. Davis. John H. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. 3. infinite and improper integrals. Slope of a Line. Inc. Solution of equations involving absolute values. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. 2005. integration using partial fractions. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. Swokowski. Thomas. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . plane polar coordinates. 6. 2. I. Anton. logarithmic differentiation. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. Continuous Functions. Second Edition 1992. integration by inspection. Calculus. 4. Continuity. implicit differentiation. Rational Functions. special points of a function. theorems of differentiation. Calculus. Leibnitz’ theorem. Equation of a Line. quotients.
approximation errors in Taylor series. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. multiplication. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. identities of hyperbolic functions. alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. the difference method. division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. solving hyperbolic equations. modulus and argument. geometric series.Additions and subtraction. complex conjugate. arithmetico-geometric series. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4. inverses of hyperbolic functions. series involving natural numbers. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. finding the nth roots of unity. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 .
line to line. scalar triple product. orthogonal. symmetric and antisymmetric. moments of inertia. of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 . line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7.5. masses. of a unitary matrix. Pappus’ theorems. centers of mass and centroids. point to plane. vector product. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. Hermitian. Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. the inner product. 6. unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix.
differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field.8. Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. spherical polar coordinates 75 . curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. divergence of a vector field. combinations of grad. div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates.
Histogram. Coefficient of variation. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Empirical Relation between Mean. Box and Whisker Plot. Population. Constructing of a frequency distribution. The Mode. Exercises Unit 6. Unit 7. Collection of primary and secondary data. Exercises. level of significance. bias. Diagrams. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Standardized variables. Unit 2. acceptance and rejection regions. Exercises. Quantiles. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Change of origin and scale. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Exercises. null and alternative hypothesis. Historigram. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. properties of Good Average. Range.Annexure . Editing of Data. Errors of measurement. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Rounding of a Number. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Observations. Unit 5. Ogive for Discrete Variable. sampling with and without replacement. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Discrete and continuous variables. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. Exercises. probability and non-probability sampling. Exercises. Type-I and Type-II errors. Test statistics. Sources. Probability and Probability Distributions. Presentation of Data Introduction. Exercises. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. 76 . Types of frequency curves. Stem and Leaf Display.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Graphs and their Construction. Data. Unit 3. sampling and non sampling errors. Bar charts. The semi-Interquartile Range. Moments and Moments ratios. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Difference of means and proportions. Unit 4. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Different types of Averages. sample design and sampling frame. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Pie chart. definition of outliers and their detection. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. The Mean Deviation. Median and mode. The Variance and standard deviation. Absolute and relative measures. Statistical problem. Poisson and Normal Distribution. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Significant digits. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages.
3rd Ed. Exercises Unit 9. examples.. 77 .. simple linear regression. 2 Muhammad. Macmillan Publishing Co. its estimation and interpretation. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. Correlation.Single Population Introduction.Unit 8. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. Kitab Markaz. Coefficient of linear correlation. Inc. Contingency Tables. r and R2. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. cause and effect relationships. Unit 11. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. R. E. Exercises. New York. F. Exercises Unit 10.Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. 2005. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole. Testing of Hypothesis. Regression and Correlation Introduction. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. “Introduction to Statistics”. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. 1982.
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