This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
For BS MS
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………
6 12 14 50 51
and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. The world has turned into a global village. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees. 2009 at the HEC Regional Center.ALTAF ALI G. PROF. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. degree awarding institutions. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee. Lahore. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic. respective accreditation councils and stake holders. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. dated December 4th 1976. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30. D773/76-JEA (cur.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses. 63. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments.). therefore. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation. DR. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. 2007 at HEC Regional Center.PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. and 36. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration. It is. universities and other institutions of higher education. the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. R&D organizations. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. the Federal Government vide notification No. SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 . It also aimed to give a basic. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years.
OF DRAFT BY NCRC REVIEW IMPLE. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREP. QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I PREP. LI R&D HEC Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRI. REC. OF FINAL CURRI. COL. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI. PREP. UNI. R&D. EXP. UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRI. Preparation 5 . OF CURRI. Abbreviations Used: NCRC. OF NCRC.
April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline. Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2.Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr. Member 3. Dr. Rawalpindi Dr. Dr. Karachi from 28-30. Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. Lahore Member 6. Member 4. Rawalpindi Dr. Dr. Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. Member 6 . Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. Following attended the meeting:1. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall. 7. Member 5. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head.
Member 15. Dr. Member 11.8. 7 . Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof. Karachi Member 12. Prof. Member 10. Prof. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof. Dr. 13. Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore. Member 14. Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr. Member 16. Dr. Dr. Dr. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. Dr. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr.
Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. 8 . He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr. Mr. Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. At first. 1. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards. Member 20. 2. Member 19. Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. Secretary Dr. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. Islamabad coordinated the meeting. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society. The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. Karachi. Mr. Faisalabad Member 18. Director of HEC Regional Center. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University. Shafiq-ur-Rehman. Dr. Dr. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement. The meeting was opened by Mr. Chairman.17.
2. The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities. 3. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development. Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities. 4.3. The committee thanked Mr. 5. These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses. The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 . The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. In last few centuries. 1. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. 6. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development.
Apply theoretical understanding. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science. 5.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. This committee. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today. in its preliminary meeting. Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems. RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility. This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. ii. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences. and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 . The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. skills and behaviour patterns. Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i. regional and global contexts. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development. Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes.
Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature. The medium of instruction. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration. DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee. The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2. that: 1. Integrating natural sciences. pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme. assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals. 3. 4. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i..e. Sc. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science. UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles. 5. A. eight semesters in the semester system. 2. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English. 1. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. 6. with consensus. Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F. The 11 . skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes.
proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. Environmental Pollution 22. English-I 6. Environmental Chemistry 15. Introduction to Computer 14. English-II 12. Biology –I* 3. Introduction to Environmental Science 2. Introduction to Earth Science 8. Sociology/Anthropology* 11. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5. SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1. The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order. Basic Chemistry* 4. Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. Psychology* . Climatology* 23. Fundamentals of Ecology 20. Environmental Microbiology 21. Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13. Environmental Physics 16. English-III 18. Biology –II* 9. Introductory Economics* 17.
Environmental Economics 29. Biodiversity & Conservation 35. Research Methods in Environmental Science 41. 44. Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours . Environmental Impact Assessment 39. Environmental Management Systems 34. Natural Resource Management 40. Climate Change 38. 46. Environmental Biotechnology 32.24. ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28. ELECTIVE-III 42. Environmental Monitoring 36. English-IV/ Univ. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30. Applied Ecology 26. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. Opt. Environmental toxicology 27. Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25. ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37. 45.
• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical. • Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .
Pearson Educational. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future.A. Environmental Science: working with the Earth. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment. 2002.DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline. & Nebel.M.. B. and their relationships with various environmental factors. Wright. lipids. urbanization. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. environmental pollution.. 15 . John Wiley & Sons. ethical. Recommended Books: 1. regional. Botkin. Different aspects of environment: physical. Thomson Learning. biological and social. 10th Ed. 2.T. Schoch. poverty and resource depletion. development in industry and agriculture.B & Keller. 4. E. R. G. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth. current global. philosophical. Major components of environment: physico-chemical. socio-economic. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY . The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms. history. ecological. M. 2007. national. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development. 2007 3. 4th Ed. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet.J. Human environment and its problems: global. 2007. 6th Ed. R. Miller. its importance in human life. proteins and nucleic acids. D.I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life. & Yonavjak. L. Environmental Science: systems and solutions. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts. McKinney.L.
J. M. N. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus.. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. and Whitelaw. Wadsworth Group. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding. phospholipids in membrane systems. esters. proteins. Shier. USA. V. 16 . amines). G. Ltd. Biology: a Human Emphasis. 1996. 2007. Nucleic acids. Cassimeris. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. New York. Lingappa. The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. Aromatic compounds. lipids. D. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin. Self Assessment and Revie. Ionic. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. Plopper. Structure and the basis of function. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning. Lewis.Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life. 5th Edetion. USA. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa. Molecular Biology through Questions. 2. USA.. carbonyls. 3. Bulter. Starr. 5. Study of mitosis in onion root tip. R. 4. Crossley. chemical diversity. covalent. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations. polypeptides in protein diversity. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. Cell division.. Cells. Canada. and Lewis. coordinate covalent bond. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. McGraw. carboxylic acids. origin of metabolism. A. carbohydrates. 2007. Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards.. 2003. protobionts. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology. The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. B. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. the molecule of genetic information and replication. C. 8th Ed. Australia . 1.. lipids.Hill International Edition. Origin of life: chemical evolution. E. L. chemical basis of life. R. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. Introduction to cell biology. 2008. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods.
Jickells. values of trigonometric functions. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. radicals. P. Jones and Barlett. Understanding Environmental Pollution. B. D. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane. Surface chemistry. Hill. Column chromatography. double angle formulas. UK.ions. Algebra of matrices. Blackwell Science. equations of lines (linear equations)..J. COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences. USA. Lab Work Preparation of molar. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. EC and TDS in waste water. Photochemical reactions. geometric and harmonic sequence. 2nd Edition.. Measurement of pH. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. determinants. 8th Edition.. coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane. expansion of determinants. J. straight line and related concepts. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. F. Osmosis and Dialysis. M. West.M.E.. 2004. Girard. 4. and Holler.. molal. 1st Ed. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations). 6th Edition.J.S.H.. 2004. D. Thomson and Brooks. Recommended Books: 1. series and means. Brimblecombe. Cambridge University Press. Use of spectrophotometric techniques.A. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. 2nd Edition. 17 . 3.. real line. concepts of six basic trigonometric functions.E.C. T.Special Products (Binomial Expression). Solution chemistry. Sequence and series: Arithmetic.K.D. P. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional). Thin layer chromatography. Skoog. law of Cosines. Binomial theorem (Simple applications). 2005. 2003. USA.. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles. D. normal solutions/buffers. Freeman and Company. W. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. 2004. Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers. angle-sum formula. Harris. simultaneous equations and their solutions. 2. Matrices and Determinants: Matrix. Colloids chemistry. J. UK. Liss. graphs. 5. and Reid.. Andrews. Canada. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra. minor and cofactor of a matrix.
18 . Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. faults. 4. Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography. Narosa Publishing House. COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure . erosion and related landforms. S.. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors. K. Integration: Formulas of integration. L. earthquakes. Introduction to folds. California.B. Jr. lineation and unconformities.A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure . derivative of six basic trigonometric functions. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. Earth as a member of solar system. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. nonrepeated linear factors. Fossils and their significance.Cramer’s Rule. foliation. igneous and metamorphic rocks. earthquakes and volcanoes. New Delhi. its origin. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. R. Chatterjee. weathering and erosion. cleavages. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. Recommended Books: 1. Chain rule. Introduction to sedimentary. and Finney. Addission. J. plate tectonics. Analytical Geometry. by parts integration (simple applications). This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals. theorems on differentiation (sum. 4th Ed. D. Smith. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation. 3. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension.Wesley. 1999. Pacific Grove. mountain building. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. irreducible quadratic factors. joints. product and quotient rules without derivations).. Trignometry for College students. Weathering. Abraham. age. Introduction to rocks and minerals.B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. Scott Foresman and Company. 2. 10th Ed. theorem of integration. the processes of their formation. composition and its internal structure. Thomas. difference. different earth processes like mountain buildings. G.
. biodiversity crises. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water. Biodiversity of deserts. 2007 2. Routledge. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. R. molecular basis of biodiversity. causes of extinction. Biodiversity of hilly areas. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation. Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology. modern concepts. Recommended Books: 1.. F. Use of brunton compass and GPS. Prentice Hall. 5th Edition. J. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis. measuring biodiversity. Prentice Hall. consequences of losing biodiversity. Foundations of Structural Biology. Prentice Hall: 2006. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time.. and Tasa. J. Physical Geology and Process of Science... R. 2005. interactions among diversified life. examples of adjustments in varied environment. How Does Earth Work. COURSE 8 BIOLOGY . environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms. 11th Edition. and Pun. Park. Biodiversity of canal. Lutgens. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories. crucial for organisms’ sustainability. Field Study tour. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification. K. Wicander.. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity. invasion of life on land. 3rd Edition. G. Life in sea. and Monroe. 2007 3. Lamarckism. Lutgens. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species.II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution. Tarbuck. Geological time chart with biodiversity. 9th Edition.Identification of rocks and minerals. multicellularity.. unicellularity. K. 4. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants. population loss and decline. G. D. E. and Tasa.. Geographical aspects of biodiversity. F. Darwinism. 2004. 5. A. different classification systems. E.. Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. D. J. Smith. Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life. Earth Science. 19 . Tarbuck. animals). Brooks/Cole. protocell formation.
Use of environment for vested interest. Scope and application. CA: AltaMira Press. Contemporary environmental status. Chronological. 5th Edition.E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems. 4. Routledge. R.. 2001. 2009. 2000. 2. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. C. UK. New York: New York University Press. I. 3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment. Consumption. and concerns. a Human Emphasis. Townsend. J. and Spicer. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. Blackwell Science Ltd.. 2. COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure . and Sustainable Living. culture and society. Nora and Wilk. Understanding the environment-human relationship. 2006. 2nd Edition. Tripartite nature of environment. 3. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. Goals and expectations. L. Hannen. Conceptualizing environment. 2005. Prospect Heights. 3. Culture.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. (editor). Inc. The Biosphere. globalization and environmental issues. 2009. Bradbury. K. 20 . Biodiversity (An Introduction). Wadsworth Group. J. Walnut Creek. Environmental Risks and the Media. Adam. UK. Inc. John Wiley and Sons. New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. Allan & Carter. power & hegemony. I.K. Recommended Books: 1. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology. Gaston. C. Perspective of human-environment evolution. Starr. Biology. UK. K. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions. Crumley. (editors). USA. Contemporary environment issues and debate. IL:WavelandPress. P. 2003. The Ecology of global consumer culture.
6th Ed.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure .1999. Ms-Power Point. as are their effects on the biosphere. Ms-Access. COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure . Software: Application software. Storage hardware. physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry. internet. G. Ed. Fundamentals of computer. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered. Operating system (Windows).BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment. Course Outlines Definition. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Types and classification of computers.. e-mail. output hardware. Recommended Books: 1. Marquis A. Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse.. Milton. system software. Long N. 2. Rutledge.H. Local Area Network. After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry. Selin. 6. 2003. Long l. software packages.5. Hardware: Input Hardware. Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures. 21 .C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere. computer programs and basic applications. Courter. Ms-Excel. Introduction to MS-Word. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion. processing hardware. K.London 1996. Configurations.Microsoft office 2000.
Samir. Turbulent jets and plumes. its causes and adverse effects on environment.M. Ibanez.D. Diffusion. Jones and Barlett. Ozone and UV light. Active control of sound. Blackwell Science. photosynthesis. Basic acoustics. and Reid.. Global climate and climatic change. atmospheric and soil chemistry. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. Environmental Chemistry. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts.E.. Particle physics. Turbulent diffusion.. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants. Environmental Chemistry. J. Liquids and Gasses. Fregoso-Infante. 2nd Edition. Heat radiation and heat transfer. G. Sound and Noise. C. COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter. Miller. Environmental impact of various industries. J. Jickells. Transport of pollutants.S. Thomson-Brooks. Environmental Science. Nuclear energy. Girard. 2008. Measurement and comparison of the 22 . Conversion of mass. Andrews.. their sources and toxic actions. A. Banerji Prentice Hall of India. P. M.T. J. Fate of pollutants in environment. Human perceptions and noise criteria. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light.E. trophic level. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. and Singh. UK. Reducing the transmission of sound.. India. 2004. Canada. Hernandez-Esparza. 1st Edition. 1999. DoriaSerrano.. Energy. 2004. 4. Gaussian plumes in the air. T. Radioactivity and nuclear physics. P. Entropy. 2. Solids.. Turbulence. Recommended Books: 1. Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics.. M. Brimblecombe. Chemical reactions. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer. B.Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry. Ozone chemistry. Solar spectrum. Fundamentals of aquatic. Germany. Isotopes and radioactive decay.G. Liss. 2005. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems.. 5. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light. Energy conversion. 3... Equations of fluid dynamics. K.J. Electromagnetic radiation. USA. interaction of light with matter. Springer.
and Resource allocation.Economic development. World Bank Publications. Routledge. Sustainable development. Course Outlines Introduction to economics. J. 3. Introductory Environmental Physics. economic welfare and difference among all. Todaro. 2. Field visit. Boeker. Economic management and environmental quality. G. S. Recommended Books: 1. UK. 2. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. Pakistan economic context: National income. Natural resources and the economy. poverty. John Wiley and Sons Inc. N. Wesely Publishers. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. E. 2001. Physics of the Environment and Climate. M. R. economic progress. Man environmental relationship. USA. New York. 2008. and Van Grondelle. economic growth. S. and Pandis. Impact of economic activity on environment. Praxis publishing. P. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. Economic Development. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Producer behavior. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter. Kentucky USA. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. economic growth and its measurement. Economic functions of environment. concepts and measurement. producer and community point of view. 2006. Measures for sustainable development. Guyot. Environmental Physics. Seinfeld. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development. 2001.. 23 . USA. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. C. USA. Growth and Environment. COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. Smith. Recommended Books: 1. Environmental economics. 7th Ed. H. USA. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. 2008. 4. population and environmental quality. interaction between ecology and economic management. Yusuf.1998. Growth and development.
Economics. concepts and approaches. community and ecosystem.V.A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems. M. N. 2008. SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology. Touchstone Books. DeVeer. 4. 2002. Shogren. R. B. community.. World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. the ethics of soil. water. Environmental philosophy and ethics. Environmental Critics of agriculture. 2009.3. USA. its fundamental concepts. species. Farmington Hills. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy. Ecology. LLC. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. B. branches of ecology. Recommended Books: 1. USA. England. Callicott. population. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure ... Kessinger Publishing. London. International Thomson Publishing. Swift.A. Hanley. J. and White. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy. ethics and ecology. Course Outlines Introduction. Portland 1967. temperature. 4. Frodeman. levels of ecological organization. biogeography. WCIV7AA. & Pierce. and systems ecology. World Bank Publications. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale. Palgrave Macmillan. 24 . Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. description of population. role of light. A History of Western Philosophy.. 3. J. Introduction to ethical theory. 2. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy. soil. Russell. C. 2008. B. Ecosystem and its types. 2007. Natural philosophy. D.
2000. productivity of different ecosystems. aquatic microbiology. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems. agricultural and industrial ecosystems. various concepts of community.topography and air as ecological factors. Concepts of Limiting factors. Lab Work 25 . Ecology (principles and applications). 6th Ed. Cambridge University Press. B. After completion of this course. distribution limits. Population distribution and abundance. Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. Populations. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. Ecology (concepts and applications.Cox. 3. students will be able to understand the significance. and Barett. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. Recommended Books 1. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. with special emphasis on their environmental impact. M J. landscape ecology. plant geography and animal distribution. WCB/McGraw-Hill. Fundamentals of Ecology. 5th Ed. M. ecological modeling. C. role and application of microorganisms in the environment. and S. and More. New York. COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment. M C J 1st ed. bacteria and eukarya. 1992. community dynamics.W. Odum. J. J. Chapman. 2001 5. Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. UK. biotic factors. C. Fundamentals of Ecology. 1999 4. Microbial metabolism. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). Ecosystem: structure and function. Biomes of the world. 2004. King’s College London. population dynamics. UK. Systems ecology. 1st Ed. Thomson Brooks/Cole. G. Microbiology of terrestrial environments. aero-microbiology and food microbiology. Dash.L and Reiss. Tata McGraw-Hill. E P.) Moles. 2. habitat and niche. characteristics of urban. New Delhi. N. P. landscape changes and their importance. Biogeochemical cycles of C. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity.
Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology. Human & other living organisms. L. International Protocols (BASAL Convention). Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic. Understanding Environmental Pollution. Pollution Control Strategies. J.D. C.J. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water.. R. Mean plate count. W. Butterworth-Heinemann.. Manual of Environmental Microbiology.L. London. Academic Press. Recommended Books: 1. 2009. 26 . and Gerba.P.W. Recommended Books 1. UK. 2002. USA. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution.P. transportation & treatments.K. Environmental Pollution and Control.J. D.I. L. Types of Environmental pollution: Air. 2005. USA. 3. Sylvia. J. Soil. Dilution plate technique.L. Solid Waste generation.Gerba. 2nd Edition.F. its sources and their effects. Knudsen.and Vesilaind. 2. Prescott. and Zuberer.A. F. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution.1998. Fate of Environmental Pollutants. D.A.Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection. 1995. J.... 3. peppor.R. American Society for Microbiology. (Elsevier) USA. Peiece. M.J. USA. Case Studies. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines. Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents. M. A. Cambridge UK. I.. R. New Jersey. isolation. 2 Edition. Maier.. Washington DC. Microbiology.M. and Jeffery. Harley. P. 4th Edition. Crawford. 4.V. Cambridge University Press.. Environmental Microbiology. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally.J. purification and preservation. C.A. and Klein. USA.L. Fuhrmann. Pepper. Hurrst..G. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual. P. Marine & Industrial pollution..J. Hill.C. nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution..P. Prentice Hall. D. G. Academic Press. USA. McInernery. 2005. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal. Noise. 2. 2007.B. McGraw Hill Inc. 2005.. Hartel.M.. Academic Press. and Stetzenbach. Effects of Pollutants.and Brendecke. 5. Weiner. Collection.M. Water.
J. Weather and Climate. The climate of Pakistan. American Public Health Association (APHA). condensation and cloud Formation. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere. climatic zones of Pakistan. COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems. Factors affecting air Pressure. 3. 2. A brief historical background and schools of psychology. air pressure.. global circulation. The Physics of Atmospheres. Heat and the Earth's atmosphere. The Atmosphere. Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications. Pandis. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . 2006 5.From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. Recommended Books: 1. 2002. 27 . Lawrance K. Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology. Royal book company. 1988. N.. The Hydrologic cycle.2nd Editions. Surface winds. Karachi. 5. Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided.4. Environmental psychology. John Wiley and Sons. Methods of psychology.. Austin Miller. Marcel Dekkar. Four Spheres of the Earth.F. Houghton J. Radiation and climate. A.W. Lutgens. Cambridge University Press. concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater.E. Spyros. John H.. processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. . 6th Edition. Shamshad. Climatology. Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan. 4. 2003. Mechanism of heat transfer. Solar radiations. Cloud Classification. local winds. Sadder. 1992. Tarbuck. K.M. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment.K.
limitation of irrigated agriculture. species response to pollutants. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. Environmental Psychology. Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. 28 . COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. concepts. Water as an ecological resource. rivers.C. Sustainable livestock management practices. techniques and methods of restoration.W. Restoration of derelict lands. London. Pollution control through Ecology. solar radiation and primary production.. Future water scenario of Pakistan. Course Outline Introduction. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. Background and scope. Fisher J. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. their management and ecological restoration.characteristics and research methods. Routledge.A. carbon dioxide and global climate change. 1992. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture. 2. Routledge. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. Water and distribution of species. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. 2001. High population density and psychological impacts. soil resources of Pakistan. M. Sustainable agricultural practices. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change. T. 5th Edition. Recommended Books: 1. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine.D. threats and mitigation. Ecology of food production. Eysenck. and Baum A.. Environmental perception and cognition. Ecological restoration. Soil as a natural resource. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. CRC Press. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan. soil erosion and conservation. CRC Press. Bell. soil salinity and water logging. sustainable agriculture. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species. P. Fundamental of Psychology. Greene. energy and carbon balance. London.
4. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. and Memon. Pakistan’s Environment. 2nd ed. COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals. Lahore.. water and soil. in vivo & in vitro assays. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management. Zedler. 2006. 2004. 2000 2. Margaret A. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water. biological effects. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. A. Blackwell Scientific Publications. on human and other living organisms. Studies in Pakistan Geography. Mumtaz. and Hobbs. R.1998. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. Fundamentals of Ecology. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. Foundations of Restoration Ecology. K and Habib.S. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. toxicity screening using microbial systems. Potentiation and Addition. soil and air samples. 29 . Peshawar. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications. Islamabad. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic. toxins & toxicants. terminologies: Poisons. dose response relationship in living organisms. Thomson Brooks/Cole.I. Newman. their containment and control strategies.W. G. 3.National Book Foundation.Recommended Books: 1. toxicology of chemicals. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms. 1996. Synergism. Israr-ud-Din. and Barett.A.. Falk. Determination of chemicals in biological samples. Oxford. Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents. J. 1989.P. Odum E.. University of Peshawar. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system. Shirkat Gah. 5. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. P. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals. Toxicity: Types and its measurement. K. Chemical interactions and their types. J. USA. Immunological considerations in toxicology. Island Press. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures. 5th Edition. B. from natural and anthropogenic sources. Determination of Interaction of chemicals. Rashid. A. E.. Soil Science. D. toxins vs toxicants. Organs.
the economy and the environment. 2005 2. W. industry. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology. 5th Edition. COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development. B. Government of Pakistan. 1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development. 1st Edition. culture.. USA. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement. economic development and the environment. 1996.1 & 2. Recommended Books 1. Klassen. Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. Course Outlines Introduction to history. Ballantyne. education. health. M.Science of Poisons . the economic benefits of different environmental resources. USA. the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements. 1st Edition. Macmillan Press Ltd. topographic zones. Environmental Profile of Pakistan. T and Turner. 1993. international trade and the environment. major ecosystems.D. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann. 1992. McGrawhill. W. CRC Press Llc.). First and Second law of Thermodynamics. measuring environmental benefits. State of the Environment-Pakistan . 3. Williams.2005 2. water resources. (ed. clean development mechanism. geography.M. 3. urbanization and pollution.Recommended Books 1. Economic: agriculture. Hughes. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis. economic aspects of different environmental problems. land. Vol. people. Recommended Books: 30 . Course Outlines Introduction. Ecological: ecological zones. P. General and Applied Toxicology. USA. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York. pollution control-a general model.
Kolstad. Oxford.J. 1993. 3. M.C.D. Field. 1999. Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory. soil (NPK and organic matter contents. Turner. D. 2005. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive. Environmental Economics. 2. USA. Holler.2004.and Field. Sample preservation methods. Spectroscopy and Chromatography. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction. Conductivitymetry. 31 . Recommended Books: 1.. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling. Lab Work S. Thomson and Brooks. C....K. Biomarkers in environmental assessment.. C. 4. Harris. I. Reuter. D. water and plant analysis. 3. precision and accuracy.K. 2003. West. and derived S. 2. Conductivitymetry. salinity & sodicity). New York. and Batemen. Sample collection. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. Fluoride. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin.W. A. Johns Hopkins University Press.. Analytical techniques for soil. Environmental Economics: An Introduction. L. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. COD. Freeman & Co. Pearce. Gravimetery. 6th Edition. and F. Skoog. Oxford University Press. Australia. M. Collingwood. Standard solutions and standard curves. D. NO3–N & NH4-N). Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve. K. handling. Sparrow and D. Gravimetery. 2000. Data interpretation for quality control. D. Titrimetery. J.2002.1. Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH. All Solids.UK.A. units. Peverill.L. preparation and storage. COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples. Use of Potentiometery. BOD. CSIRO Publ. B. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association).I. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery. Titrimetery.R. 8th Edition.I.
Environmental Biotechnology. PCR. Introduction to microbial kinetics. Hans- Joachim. 2001. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment. Wiley-VCH Verlag. Biomarkers. students will be able to understand the significance. Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms.1999. Bioreactors. Oxford University Press. Smith. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd. and application of biotechnology in the environment.. 2007. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. USA. COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 .D. (ed. National Biotechnology Commission.living organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution. New York. J. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. and Josef. Biotechnology. and Russel. Chichoster. USA. Germany.E. New York. J. Biosensor. 4.). National Biosafety Guidelines. J. W. Government of Pakistan. Recombinant DNA technology. Tools in environmental biotechnology. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques. 5th Ed.COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures. Recommended Books 1. Isolation. England. 2005. USA. A. 2009. 2. 3.P. D. Derbre. After completion of this course. purification and preservation of DNA. Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants. Cambridge University Press. 2nd Ed.. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns.W. Scragg. 2005. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems. Sambrook. Course Outlines Introduction.
Fishery and wildlife. Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. Inc. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. F. Rancez. Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission. Harvey. Active and Passive remote sensing. K and L. John Wiley and Sons. Guilfoud press New York. 4. Introduction to GIS. Pearsons Education. Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. 2009. Lulla. Agriculture. Preparation of thematic maps. advantages and limitations of process. Introduction to Photogrammetry. Campbell. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. Aerial photography. A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. analysis and output. Z. 2000. integration of information from many sources. A. R. Interpretation. Data entry and output. Using and reading GPS in field. 3. 5. John Wiley and Sons. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. Cartography. Inc. 1999. 2008. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. eradication of the duplicated data. History and data collection. Inc. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). V. Image Processing. Types of data used in GIS. Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. Data acquisition. 2000. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective.Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1. Satellite Imageries. Mc Graw Hill Education. Forestry. Different types of maps. map projection and coordinate systems. Jensen. 2. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . Energy Sources. Dessinov. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. history and platforms.
Environmental Management Systems Principles. hot spots of biodiversity. A. M. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). principles of Cleaner production. standards and guidelines.This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits. American Society for Quality. F. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS). cleaner technologies. Environmental Economy.. Sheldon. Khan. American Society for Quality. types of biodiversity. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. 2001. alpha and beta diversity. Methods of environmental protection. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management. need and approach. 34 .). 2. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. etc. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. Conservation of biodiversity. Course Outlines Introduction. threats to biodiversity and its conservation.2nd Ed. 3. International Organization for Standardization. 2006. Systems and Support Techniques. Michigan. social and ethical values of biodiversity. WWF Pakistan. philosophical. Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor. 4. 2005. threats to biodiversity. plant. COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. 1998. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production. M.C. Environmental aspects and impacts. and Yoxon.. animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan. Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles. economic. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. B. and Qasim. eco-design. Certification of EMS. Environment and sustainable development. Related Environmental legislation. Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1. Environmental Management tools.. ecological.3rd Edition .
quality assessment. international agreements. 1998. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora. Kings College. air. quality control sampling. plants. presampling requirements/information. ecotourism. cities. Publ. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment.. conservation and livelihood. Lahore). Saad Printers. P. habitats. protected areas. C. chemical addition. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan. London. A Primer for Conservation Biology.conservation at species. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan. 2000. 2000. Considerations.R. Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures. forests. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing. role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. Quality assurance and quality control. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes. Biogeography. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme. management. Rawalpindi. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples. Sunderland. design and types of samples. water.D. conservation in man-made ecosystems. sampling and design purposes.B. Legal protection of species. Lab Work Sampling techniques (air. 2ndEd. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring. soil and living organisms. role of traditional knowledge in conservation. field custody. croplands. and Morre. national and international laws and regulations. conservation strategies. their categories. Course Outlines Introduction. Cox. Sinauer. Mirza. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. Recommended Books: 1. Z. Conservation of wildlife. 3. Associates Inc. 2. laboratory custody.. EIA requirement.e.B. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan.B. NOC for plant operation. in-situ and ex-situ conservation. P.. community and ecosystem level. refrigeration and freezing methods. 35 . Preservation methods including pH control. population. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i.
altered community structure. McKlivie. (ed) Springer. 1992. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide.1999. USA. D. human health. its causes and effects. 2008. Lewis Publisher London. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data. Peakall. Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change. 5. Remote Sensing Note. Energy and Temperature. phenological changes. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention. Environmental Chemistry. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. R. 2002. L. S. agriculture. Murai. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. D.Recommended Books: 1. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts. Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. (eds. Chapman and Hall. and social factors contributing to climate and global change. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. Chuviero. UK.1996. . USA. Keith. Japan Association on Remote Sensing. Tokyo. E. Forstner U. Regional droughts and 36 . USA. Ozone depletion. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course. The Measurement of Climate Change.. I. Korte. extinctions.) McGraw-Hill. H. COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change. 3. Physical. Precipitation. Burden. N. Air Pollution and Acid Rain. 2002. Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate.. Recent Climate Change Indicators. E. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. regional.USA. Earth Observation of Global Change. and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change. biological. Patterns in Winds and Pressure. 7. 2. chemical. and Guethner. 2nd Edition. 6. Moisture in the Atmosphere. New York. Manahan. 2008. 2000. F. 8. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. S. Human responses to potential climate change.
Causes. solids. 3. Hardy. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. 2003. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment. Effects. Keith. Hardy. R. 2. & Nixon. J. J. 1st Edition. (ed. screening. Therivel. Routledge. J. 2000. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems.). scoping. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels. and Solutions. Houghton. principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society. Global Change and the earth system. Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems. Blackwell. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2). 4. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan.T. Islamabad. John Wiley & Sons. A.. and noise.A. Petts. 1994. A. decision-making to implement the project. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. law. London. social impact assessment (SIA). T. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts. mitigation and impact management. liquid.cataclysmic climate change.O. and Solutions. London. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. Climate Change . Oxford. Islamabad. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach.. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice. 2005.. review of EIA quality. Sringer.Causes. 37 . Harrop. Recommended Books: 1. Ministry of Housing and Works. Climate Change . Global Warming and Climate Change. and Chadwick. 2003. 1986. COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project. public involvement. EIA project management. Effects. 1999. 2004. 2005. Earthscan Publication Ltd. Glasson. 2. role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis. project implementation and follow up.. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. 6. 5.(ed). John Wiley & Sons. overview. and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction. National Book Foundation. J. EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan. 3. 2005.. 4.. impact analysis.. Cost and benefits of EIA. reporting. Recommended Books: 1. D. Types & Resources to produce Energy. J. Main stages in EIA process.
B. Rangeland Management: existing status. Goldsmith. Asian Development Bank. their current status and threats. causes and methods for its improvement. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. R. R. Lohani. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. Development of Management Plan: needs. solar power. existing management approaches. Types. limitation in the future. New York. H. John Willey & Sons. J. (ed. COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification. methodologies. 6. Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. importance. M. best available option for future. occurrence and distribution of natural resources. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan... management options. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies. EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual. S. national and provincial legislation. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources. wind power and nuclear power. Everitt. B.5. Carpenter. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level. Evans. 1993. United Nations Environment Programme. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources. effective management.. Conservation in Progress.. 1997. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level... problem in agriculture.). their pros and cons. threat and its causes. USA. agriculture products and their share in GDP. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. Sadler. wildlife census. requirement. F. 2002. forest types and its existing management. management options.B and Warren. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations.. national example. & McCabe. agriculture chemicals. and Tu. Watershed management: Importance basic principles. national agriculture policy. Recommended Books: 1. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia. Ludwig. threats. A. process and contents of the management plan. 38 . 2nd Edition.
E. Bibliography. Search Engines. Interviews.E. 2007. London. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. 39 . Methodology.2. 1992. New York. Review of Literature. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. Scientific Research: Science.Amsterdam. GOP and IUCN.F. 1984. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods. Case Studies. Surveys. Environmental Conservation. 4. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically. Literature Search: Database. research methods. Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. USA. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. Experimental Research. 3. Questionnaire. Objectives. Scientific Methods. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design. Selecting the Research Method. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data. Research Design & Research Methods. How to put things together? Introduction. to introduce students to research design. J. 5. types of sampling design/. W. & Plano Clark. S. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice. P. Thousand Oaks.A pre-requisite for Research. population and sampling frames. Islamabad.1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study. John Wiley & Sons. 1990. and Jorqensen. Dasmann. V. Sage CA. Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf. R. Inference based on findings. Hansen. Sampling: the logic of sampling. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1. Elsevier. Creswell. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem. Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison).L. Material Methods. Review of Literature. and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research. concepts and terminologies. Research Proposal: its importance ..
. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans. 2008. M..Harrad. Marilyn F. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act. Booth. 3. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules. 6. Belmont California.. Robert Yin.h. Recommended Books: 1. regulations made there under. Students project in Environmental Science.S. of Chicago Press. The Craft of Research by Wayne C. 2000. National Environmental Policy 4. 2003.2.Batty. Qadar. 2. R. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development. Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation. Wadsworth Publishing Company. 4. 1997. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 . USA. 2001 and the rules of business made there under. Sage Publishers. National Conservation Strategy 5. Writing Science Through Critical Thinking. S. 2nd Edition. 2001. USA. 5. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance. 3rd Edition. 1989. SNBP Local Government Ordinance. Moriarty. Government of Pakistan 3. Law Books House. and Arhonditsis. Univ. John and sons Ltd. Survey Research Methods. England..USA. E. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Diamon. 1997. 2003. Chichester. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan. Babbie. G.
This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45
POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46
RESEARCH PROJECT/ INTERNSHIP
E-I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY
To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,
5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.
Lahore. Biswas. A. Cheema. Briscoe. Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. wetlands resources management. Ahmed. precipitation distribution in Pakistan. 5.. Bengali. SDPI Oxford University Press. Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization. Recommended Books: 1.. 2006. integrated water resources management (IWRM). Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia. (eds. Mirajuddin Publication . and Tortajada. 2. Groundwater Resources of Pakistan. I. watershed/catchment. 44 . 3. Pakistan. J. R.E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan. O. 6. Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant. water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan. Asia Printer. Mirajuddin Publication . 2003.. fisheries management. Oxford University Press New Delhi. like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. flood and drought management. pollution aspects. tubewells. with drinking water facilities like springs.). water quality and quantity aspects. 2005. Islamabad. Revised & enlarged edition. A. Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT). N. (ed. 1993. Pakistan . and Malik. 4. Course Outlines Water resource and its management..K. recycling and re-use of wastewater. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment. N. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector.). Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry. Oxford University Press Karachi. Islamabad. climate change and its impacts on our future water resources. it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects. The Politics of Managing Water. A. P. hydrological cycle. 2006.Lahore. virtual water. R. water supply and demand management measures. improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency. Indus Water Accord 1991.. and Qamar.. Khan.1993.Varis. U. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan. flood and droughts.. Ahmed. C. groundwater exploitation. K.
C. urban patterns and ecosystem functions. Prentice Hall. Soil Science. Hillel.. urban settlements. After completion of this course. residential mobility and the neighborhood change. Types and properties of parent materials. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. San Diego. D. R. D.W. 1996. Definition. Urbanization. USA. USA.T. Gardiner. R. Soils in Our Environment. and Weil. NJ. Process and outcome. Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils. Course Outlines Introduction. R. Soil forming minerals. Soil degradation. 11th Edition. the salient features of urban environments. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. Cation and anion exchange. urban political ecology. E. transport. urban landscapes characteristics. Upper Saddle River. Urban ecosystem.. 1. Upper Saddle River. National Book Foundation. future of urban centers. Academic Press. Forms of urbanization. hydrological processes. Factors and processes of soil formation. N. NJ. Soil buffering capacity and its importance. Physical and chemical properties of soil. Causes of urbanization. 2008. Pakistan. urbanization in Pakistan. urban flora and fauna. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. Bashir. 45 . Course Outlines Introduction. USA. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations. and Bantel. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. 2007. 2007. CA. PrenticeHall. Islamabad. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. Brady. humans as components of urban ecosystems.E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization. soils. Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. Miller. management and green productivity.R.
nature and purpose of urban planning. USA. Aims and Objectives of planning. Routledge. nd 2 Edition. E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. 2006. 2. Hejny.L. Gilbert.Recommended Books: Urban Ecology. D. UK. I. Elements of urban planning. Scope. The Ecology of Urban Habitats. Types of Urban Plans. London. 2. H. London. O. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area. A. UK. SBS academic publishing. New trends in planning and city management. V. Alberti. 3. 4. Silberstein. 1989. Chapman and Hall. Smith. City Design for Sustainable Development. UK. Land use planning theories.S.. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. 2004. Planning theories and concepts. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability. J. Hough. C. M. Springer. UR. 2000. The Works: Anatomy of a City. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level.1990. Justification for planning for city management. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. 46 . 2004. Recommended Books: 1. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. Levels of planning. 5..and Maser. 2007. SAGE Publications Ltd. The planning process. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development.. Principles of planning. Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments. USA. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems. Planning and Urban Change. Ward. Routledge.. 1. 2009. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. S. Penguin Group. Sukopp. New York. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city. CRC Press LLC. Kate. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans.and Kowaril. Planning and its relationship with other professions. M.. Hague. S.
2. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies. D. 4.. 3. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development. Socio-economic factors.W. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made.3. 1991. Kates. Landslide.. International phenomenon. 1986. Earthquake. Islamabad.UNESCO. R. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. P.J. Cultural factors. ADB. Political factors. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies. 1989.. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. Prediction. Physical factors.W. H. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters.F. Manila. Clara.. Earthquake Management. Natural Disasters Alexander. It discusses a wide range of aspects. Techniques and methods to assess hazard. 2nd Edition. Government of Pakistan. Recommended Books: 1. Introducing Town Planning. Longman Group.. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. Different approaches and Indicators. Hazards. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies. and Woodrow. 1993. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research. The Environment as Hazard Burton I. Ministry of Housing and Works. Role of Media in Disaster Management. New York. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors. and White G.. Disaster Management: Components of management.B. 1993. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization. UK. E&UA Div. Boulder . Flooding. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N. Westview Press.. Disaster as an opportunity for development. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures.e. Natural cycles and their role. 47 . this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms. Chapman & Hall. i. M. The Guilford Press. 1993. Paris. G. Flood Management: Organizational Role. 4. Disaster Management Trainings and Policies. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches. New York..
2001.5. types. Phytoremediation and bioremediation. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem. Ecological concept in crop and food production.. Paris. R. D. Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem. McKinney. uses. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation. biomass resources. New York. L. E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers. Farming practices for pests and weeds control. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. energy resources of Pakistan. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. OECD/IEA. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. Sustainable livestock management.. E. Deforestation for agricultural purposes. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life. 1983. Consumer and producer relationship.M. environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources. Schoch. 2007. 1984. Perry R. solar. Westport. 48 . USA. 2007. 6th Edition. sustainable energy management. Course Outlines Energy-development and environment. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals. energy resources. 4th Edition.H.A. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. Botkin. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources.L. and Mushkatel. local. alternate energy resources. merits and demerits of wind. decomposers.B and Keller. Quorum Books. and Yonavjak.. A. 1.W. M. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems. 2. 6. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America. 3. F. Agroecology. John Wiley and Sons. Biotic structure. hydropower. Disasters and Development Cuny.C. consumers. primary producers.
Kapur.A. Westview Press. Experimental Plant Ecology.M. CBS Publishers and Distributors..P. Corol. Altreri. Study of index of diversity. USA. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture. 3. Boulder. New Delhi. Yandermeer J. 1990. C. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity. and Rossel. New York. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species. M. Study of stratification and profile diagram. McGraw Hill Publishing Company. and Sudha.Determination of density and abundance of plant species. Recommended Books: 1.Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram. R. E-11 Seminar 49 . Agrocology. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity.H. USA.R. 1995. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species. P. India. 2.G. 2000.
3. availability of the faculty and other facilities. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. 50 . The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor. The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization. that: 1. 5. The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions. 4. The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science. 2. The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science. the Committee agreed on the following principles.
3. 3. 6. 4. 14. 11. 5. 25. 10. 21. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. 15. 9. 7. 2. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 5. 8. 16. 10. The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. 23. 19. 8. Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. 2. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 . 11. 4. 26. 24. 12. 7. 22. 13. 18. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. 9. 17. 12. 6. 20.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1.
3. Hansen. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future..1995. Khan K.. Mackenzie. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan.DETAILS OF M. Conservation Strategies. Regional and International Environmental Issues. Islamabad. 52 . Provincial and Local Strategies. Amsterdam. Treaties. Elsevier.E. WCS. Oxford University Press. 1987.. Geography of Pakistan. FURTHER READINGS 1.1994.1991. F. London Black Stone Press Ltd. London. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment. and Bell.A. Environment People and Economy. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences. Environmental control Policies. S.F.S. D. Money. 3. Carrying capacity and sustainable development. Instruments and methods.E. Recommended Books: 1. and Jorqensen. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems. NCS. 2.1994. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall.. 2. Hodder and Stoughton. Oxford University Press. Conventions and Protocols in Global. technology and resource use. development of concepts. Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management. GOP and IUCN. 2nd Edition. 1991. Relationship of culture. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). P. Ball. Karachi. S.T. 1992. COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management. 4.. status of Terrestrial. S. Mackenzie J. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling. Draft National Environmental Policy.
Ahmed. Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment. Environment Department. Wood. ed. COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. Ministry of Environment. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements. Recommended Books: 1. Case Studies and review. England. 1995. Greenberg (American Public Health Association). sample collection and preservation. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants.COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction. ecological impact assessment. Environmental and Social Impact assessment. Washington.Vanclay. Wastewater. 1995. social impact assessment. World Bank. D. WB. role and importance. Assessment of environmental impacts. procedures and methods of EIA. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. Chichester. F & Bronstein. John Wiley & Sons. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). Government of Pakistan. History. process. 2. 53 . FURTHER READINGS 1. K. Burnt Hill. Principles of physical.A. A. Recommended Books: 1. Demographic impact assessment. C. 1993. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery. Longman House. Environmental auditing. 3. Air and Solid Waste. DC.. UK. opportunities and issues. sampling rules. Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. A one Publishers Lahore. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. Sectoral guidelines for EIA. 2. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. Longman Scientific and Technical. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). Gas Chromatography etc. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. economic impact assessment. Cost benefit analysis of projects. Harlow Essex. Ed. Environmental Chemical Analysis.
assumptions. Primary health care services. communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne. 1st Ed. development objectives. MS Project Recommended Books: 1. outputs. 3. T. 2nd Ed. Lippmann.COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project. principles and practices. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). specific objectives. Oxford University Press New York. Project Planning. air borne. inputs. means of verification. 1992. 1993. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. A Guide to Project Management. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. indicators. economic evaluation. Project Initiation. Government Policies and Programs. Project Management Institute. R. Resource Mobilization. Project Planning and Approval Processes. Environmental Health Engineering. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. 2001. Mantel s. Public health concept. Occupational Health: problems and issues. R. 2. Caeneross. Yassi. Inc. 1998. 5. 1997. J. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic.. work breakdown structure. M. Ergonomic and Safety. New York. Van Nostrand and Reinhold. activities.. safety techniques. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. USA. London. Wiley Interscience. Project Management: A Managerial Approach. food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures.. S. J. Reasons for Project success or failure. Prentice Hall International Inc. COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems.2000. Kjelllström.. L.. 2. 1st ed.. Defining Project objectives. Park. M/S Banarsid. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). T. T. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. Basic Environmental Health. 1st Ed. Recommended Books: 1. prevention and control. 54 . and Guidotti. UK. de Kok. K.. Nebel. Writing Project Proposal. B.. T. Meredith J.. Project Life Cycle. feasibility study. A. 2002. 4. and Wright. Need identification. Planning Commission Performas. USA. Accident prevention and safety plans. John Wiley and Sons.
uses. 1998. nuclear) local. D. L. energy resources. petroleum. 2001. E. 1990b. Schoch.B and Keller. R.L. 3.M. Michigan-January 2001. 2. 2007. 2. 2007. Environmental auditing.. principles and elements of the process of EMS. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms. ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor.COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. transport. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. 6th Edition.A. industry and domestic sectors. Environmental Auditing. bio-energy resources. McKinney. hydropower. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. types. 3. Botkin. Principles of cleaner production. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. OECD/IEA. Recommended Books: 1. John Wiley and Sons. ISO Central Secretariat. non-renewable and renewable. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). 4th Edition. Recommended Books: 1. alternate energy resources. gas. solar. data collection and interpretation. and Yonavjak. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. St Luise Press. Sources of data. merits and demerits of wind. Related Environmental regulations. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. sustainable energy management for agriculture. USA. Paris. Sayre. 4. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal. M. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management. 55 . Paris. Switzerland. D. energy resources of Pakistan.
geographical and temporal patterns. Effects. global aspects of plant ecology. Recommended Books: 1. Species richness. 3. ED. ECOPE 29. John Wiley & Sons. and Solutions. 2004. D. types and their climatic effects. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. forests. water resources. types of climate change models. J. 1st Edition. Oxford.COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. Hardy. Shulze. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics. John Wiley & Sons. & Charlesworth. Introduction to Plant Population Biology. Life history strategies of plants. Vegetation Ecology Ed. plant conservation. John Wiley & Sons. Climate change and food production. E & Muller-Hohenstein.T. 2005. management and restoration. etc. 2005. Climate Change . E.Causes. COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. Recommended Books: 1. Effects. Beck. and Solutions. Springer. K. Berlin. 2003. J. 5. 2005. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. competition and coexistence. The Green House Effect. Modeling of climate change. Plant Ecology. 2003. (Ed. J. Maarel. Oxford UK.Causes. D. resources and plants. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. survival and extinction. UK. UK 1991. Green House Gases. T. climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. Climate Change and Ecosystems. 2005. Climate Change . plant invasions. Warrick.D. 2. Plant population dynamics..). Blackwell Publishing. 2. Blackwell Publishing. London. B & Jager. 56 . vegetation dynamics. 4. Hardy. Chichester. 3. Silvertown. 1. Houghton. human activities and vegetation dynamics. Earthscan Publication Ltd..
Threatened animals and plants. & Spicer. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation. UK. Blackwell Publsihing. 57 . K. Oxford. Principles of Wildlife Management. Wildlife Ecology and Management. Cambridge. their types and role in conservation. Sinauer Assocaites. 1984. II). S. 1973 2. Extinction of species. J. types. distribution. 1986. FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. their importance. threats and conservation. Oxford University Press. S. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol.) Gaston. Protected areas in Pakistan. Cambridge University Press. status. 1992. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. Sustainable forest management. Protected areas. Recommended Books: 1. London. distribution. 4. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity. habitats and ecosystems. W. Weddell. kinds. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan.COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction. & Ripley. J. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali. COURSE 11 WILDLIFE.J. John Wiley And Sons. R.G. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity. Forest plantations.J. management. T.J.(2nd Ed. Biodiversity: An introduction. Loss of biodiversity. 1998. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. B. Wildlife of Pakistan. Rangeland management. E. 2. Forests. I). Roberts. Bailey. And Bolen. 2002. 2002. USA. Roberts. 3.D. its causes.B. T. Wetlands. Mcmillan. Oxford. Inc. Consumptive. Global and national biodiversity. Protection and restoration of species.J. biological diversity. types. Recommended Books: 1. 5. Establishment and management of protected areas. Participatory forest management. their ecological and economic importance. Oxford. 3. Status of forests in Pakistan. Cambridge.L. Robinson. Essentials of Conservation Biology. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. problems and solutions. Oxford University Press. 2004. Conserving Living Natural Resources.A. distribution and management. Oxford University Press. UK. Publishers Sunderland. deforestation and its control. Primack.
Silberstein. H. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages. Clara. J. C. Urban land use planning and management. Environmental problems of urban life. urban political ecology. urban systems and their characteristics. urbanization in Pakistan. V. Kate. New York. Recommended Books: 1. London. Longman Group. Penguin Group. 3. 58 .. UK.. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. Ministry of Housing and Works.and Maser. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. A. 1993. USA. The Works: Anatomy of a City. sanitation. 2. Introducing Town Planning. Islamabad. CRC Press LLC. Sustainable cities. USA. Forms of urbanization. 4. UK. Government of Pakistan.. 2000. Urban planning and management in Pakistan. 2004. 2007. urban landscape characteristics. 1986. management of transport. Planning and Urban Change. E&UA Div..COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction. Ward. drinking water and solid waste in cities. G. S. future of urban centers. SAGE Publications Ltd.
active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. 1997. Thomson and A.J.V. Exercises 1. Practical English Grammar by A. a) Functional English Grammar 1. Third edition.A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1. Martinet. Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure.Annexure . Oxford University Press. ISBN 0194313492 59 .
Fourth Impression 1993.V. Reading/Comprehension 1. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Oxford Supplementary Skills. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing.2.J. minutes of meetings. Upper Intermediate. Thomson and A. Martinet. Third edition. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. Writing. b) Practical English Grammar by A. and speed reading. 1997. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. Oxford University Press. Reading. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 . intensive and extensive. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. Third Impression 1992. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. Exercises 2. Oxford Supplementary Skills.
2. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Practical English Grammar by A. b) Writing 1. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. discursive. 2. Third Impression 1991. Oxford Supplementary Skills. content. narrative. Writing. Third edition. Exercises 2. clarity. Thomson and A. language. Writing. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Oxford University Press 1986. Fourth Impression 1992.1. Third Impression 1992. Fourth Impression 1993. Martinet. c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. Oxford Supplementary Skills.J. Reading. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. Advanced by Ron White. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 . Advanced. introduction to presentations. descriptive and argumentative writing). Oxford Supplementary Skills. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky.V. form. Writing. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. Reading 1.
2. 62 . Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. Martin’s Press. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. Compiled by norther Illinois University. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. A Custom Publication. Mandell. 3. without taxing the taste of engineering students). 2004. descriptive. Kirszner and Stephen R. College Writing Skills by John Langan.(particularly suitable for discursive. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. St. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. Kathleen Shine Cain. argumentative and report writing).
1999 onward 3. Course Outline 1. 1994. S. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. S. Historical Perspective a. Location and geo-physical features. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan.Annexure . Karachi: Oxford University Press. Lahore. Indus Civilization ii. Zaidi. ideological background of Pakistan. national development. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. b. Karachi: Oxford University Press. 2. 1958-71 c. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. government. Contemporary Pakistan a. politics. . 1988-99 f. 2000. Muslim advent iii. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. Society and social structure c. 1977-88 e. Economic institutions and issues b. 2. 1947-58 b. 1971-77 d. 1993. Ethnicity d. State & Society in Pakistan.M. Safdar. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. Shahid Javed. People and Land i. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. Mehmood. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. contemporary Pakistan. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki. 3. Study the process of governance.B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. 4. 63 Books Recommended 1. Akbar.
13. nd.5. Safdar. Islamabad. Mehmood. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. 1972. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Party. Aziz. Ziring. 14.. Muhammad Waseem. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia. Institute of Public Policy Research. Wilcox. Washington: American Enterprise. Politics in Pakistan. Lahore: Vanguard. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Ansar. Club Road. 64 . Pakistan Kayyun Toota. 10. 1980.K. 1967. Rafique. Pakistan Under Martial Law. The Political System of Pakistan. 1980. 12. 9. 1993. II & III. Sayeed. Vol.The Emergence of Banglades. Enigma of Political Development. 1976. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. 7. Afzal. Lawrence. Zahid. 11.National Movement in Pakistan. M. 6. Political Parties in Pakistan. Khalid Bin. Ethno . Karachi: Royal Book Company. K. 1987. 1998. Amin. Haq. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. Wayne. Noor ul. 8. Tahir. I. History & Culture of Sindh.
W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.19. 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.Annexure .20) Related to thinking.A.6.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.40.C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.58.57.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.21.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 .A.56. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.A.A.Tadabar (Verse No1.
in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt.
“Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. “Emergence of Islam” . Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. Ahmad Hasan. IRI. Bhatia.S.” Hussain Hamid Hassan. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah.3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. Pakistan. Islamabad (2001) 67 . Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. “Studies in Islamic Law. International Islamic University. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad.
Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. complex numbers. Houghton & Mifflin. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. Boston 68 . College Algebra and Trigonometry. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. 1978. determinants. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). matrix inverse. not majoring in mathematics. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. 1987. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. trigonometric identities. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Wooton W. Boston Swokowski EW. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. equations reducible to quadratic equations. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. Sharron S. types of functions. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. Beckenback EF. harmonic progression. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP.D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. PWS-Kent Company. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. types. geometric progression. functions. 1986. cube roots of unity. PWS-Kent Company. Cramer’s rule. system of linear equations. introduction to sets. set operations.Annexure .
Calculus and Analytic Geometry. rational and transcendental functions. derivatives. John Wiley. 1983. Bevens I. distance between two points. continuous functions. functions and their graphs. solution of equations involving absolute values. Calculus (11th edition). integration by parts. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Davis S. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). change of variables in indefinite integrals. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. continuity. various forms of equation of a line. 2005. Ma. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Boston Thomas GB. not majoring in mathematics. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. New York Stewart J.2. parallel and perpendicular lines. equation of a line. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. left-hand and right-hand limits. Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. PWS-Kent Company. 2005. Calculus (3rd edition). 1995. 69 . angle between two lines. slope of a line. inequalities. not majoring in mathematics. Reading. Addison-Wesley. USA 3. integration by substitution. Recommended Books: Anton H. intersection of two lines. differentiation of polynomial. distance between a point and a line. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. Finney AR.
PWS-Kent Company. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. Scott. nature of roots of quadratic equations. College Algebra and Trigonometry. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Boston 4. 70 .Circle: Equation of a circle. 1986. determinants. : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. 1969 Kaufmann JE. Freshman and Company. : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. Boston Swokowski EW. circles determined by various conditions. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. 1987. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. locus of a point in various conditions. intersection of lines and circles. Introduction to sets. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. • Contents 1. Cramer’s rule. system of linear equations. ellipse. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. PWS-Kent Company. functions. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. equations reducible to quadratic equations. types of functions. inverse of matrices. types of matrices. hyperbola. Conic Sections: Parabola. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. set operations. Analytic Geometry.
Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. discrete and continuous series. Kaufmann. Latest Edition. E. Graphs: Graph of straight line.. E. Walpole. individual. R. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. moments. W. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. quartiles. tally sheet method. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. ungrouped and grouped data. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. Prentice Hall. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. Books Recommended: 1. characteristics of statistics. 5. cumulative frequency curve. relationship of statistics with social science. variance. Latest Edition. 3. array.. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. 2. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. 71 . Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. R. Latest Edition. deciles and percentiles. circle and trigonometric functions.. skewness and kurtosis. Boston. frequency polygon. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. 4. J. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. 2. types of frequency series. standard deviation. R..geometric and harmonic progressions. Swokowski. Measures of dispersion: Range. Wilcox. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. bar frequency diagram histogram. E. trigonometric identities. PWS-Kent Company.
substitution method. Rational and Transcendental Functions. the inverse of differentiation. the chain rule. Swokowski. 2005. Extreme Values of Functions. Addison Wesley publishing company. 1999. Hughes-Hallett. Contents 1. 6. Frank A. 4.Jr. integration by parts. Inequalities. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. 2005. John H. McCallum. 3. Least-Squares Line. Calculus. Trigonometric Functions. Integration by Parts. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. sinusoidal function.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. Leibnitz’ theorem. Anton. Inc. Solution of equations involving absolute values. 2. Equation of a Line. Rational Functions. Davis. Calculus Single and Multivariable. 11th Edition. I. logarithmic differentiation. Prentice-Hall. Thomas. 8th edition. et al. Bevens. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. Jhon Willey & Sons. W. 6. Mathews. Continuous Functions. 1983. Elliott Mendelson. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. implicit differentiation. Calculus. Second Edition 1992. integration using partial fractions. reduction formulae. Recommended Books: 1. special points of a function. 2. Calculus. integration by inspection. and Transcendental Functions. quotients. theorems of differentiation. infinite and improper integrals. Slope of a Line. Continuity. 2002. H. Schaum’s Outline Series. Inc. plane polar coordinates. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. 4th edition. applications of integration. integral inequalities. 5. Gleason. Boston. John Wiley & Sons. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. • Integration Integration from first principles. E. 3rd Edition. S. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus. products. logarithmic integration.
geometric series. approximation errors in Taylor series. multiplication. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 .Additions and subtraction. complex conjugate. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4. alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. finding the nth roots of unity. identities of hyperbolic functions. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. modulus and argument. solving hyperbolic equations. the difference method. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. series involving natural numbers. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. inverses of hyperbolic functions. division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. arithmetico-geometric series.
some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. the inner product. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. line to line. symmetric and antisymmetric. 6. scalar triple product. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. of a unitary matrix. Hermitian. centers of mass and centroids.5. vector product. line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. point to plane. Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. orthogonal. masses. of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 . unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. moments of inertia. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. Pappus’ theorems.
differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. spherical polar coordinates 75 . divergence of a vector field.8. combinations of grad. Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates.
Change of origin and scale. Box and Whisker Plot. Discrete and continuous variables. bias. The Mode. Difference of means and proportions. null and alternative hypothesis. Exercises Unit 6. 76 . Types of frequency curves. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. Exercises. Unit 7. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Median and mode. Empirical Relation between Mean. Diagrams. Type-I and Type-II errors. Significant digits. Quantiles. Rounding of a Number. Statistical problem. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Ogive for Discrete Variable. The Variance and standard deviation. Different types of Averages. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Sources. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Unit 3. Exercises. The semi-Interquartile Range. Pie chart. Unit 5.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. properties of Good Average. Errors of measurement. definition of outliers and their detection.Annexure . Coefficient of variation. level of significance. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Exercises. Poisson and Normal Distribution. acceptance and rejection regions. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Presentation of Data Introduction. sampling and non sampling errors. Absolute and relative measures. Data. Exercises. Population. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Histogram. Bar charts. Historigram. sample design and sampling frame. Stem and Leaf Display. Exercises. The Mean Deviation. Unit 4. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. Editing of Data. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Standardized variables. Unit 2. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. sampling with and without replacement. Graphs and their Construction. probability and non-probability sampling. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Observations. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Probability and Probability Distributions. Collection of primary and secondary data. Test statistics. Exercises. Range. Moments and Moments ratios. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution.
simple linear regression. Exercises Unit 9. Macmillan Publishing Co. “Introduction to Statistics”. F. E. Exercises.Unit 8. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes.. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. Inc. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. Kitab Markaz. 1982. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”.Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole. Testing of Hypothesis. R. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. cause and effect relationships. its estimation and interpretation. 77 . examples. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. Regression and Correlation Introduction. Exercises Unit 10. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. Contingency Tables. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. New York. r and R2. Correlation.. 3rd Ed. Unit 11. 2005. 2 Muhammad.Single Population Introduction. Coefficient of linear correlation. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.