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For BS MS
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………
6 12 14 50 51
By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration. therefore. 63. and 36. R&D organizations. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. The world has turned into a global village. It is.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses.ALTAF ALI G. PROF. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. respective accreditation councils and stake holders. universities and other institutions of higher education. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30. Lahore. It also aimed to give a basic. DR. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. 2009 at the HEC Regional Center. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. the Federal Government vide notification No. degree awarding institutions. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards. and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge.PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 . comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities.). the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. D773/76-JEA (cur. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. dated December 4th 1976. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic.
EXP. OF DRAFT BY NCRC REVIEW IMPLE. PREP. OF CURRI. UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRI. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREP. Preparation 5 . IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRI. OF NCRC. OF FINAL CURRI. R&D. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I PREP. Abbreviations Used: NCRC. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI. REC. COL. UNI. QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. LI R&D HEC Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI.
Member 5. 7. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head. Following attended the meeting:1. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. Member 4. Member 6 . Member 3. Rawalpindi Dr. Dr. Dr. Rawalpindi Dr. Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2. Dr. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. Karachi from 28-30. Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr. Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall. Lahore Member 6.Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre.
Dr. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr. Karachi Member 12. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9. Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. 13. Member 10. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. Member 16. Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof. Dr. 7 . Member 14. Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore. Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof. Dr. Dr. Member 11. Prof. Dr. Member 15. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. Dr. Prof. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi.8.
Faisalabad Member 18. Islamabad coordinated the meeting. 1. Mr.17. Mr. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society. 2. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards. Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. Shafiq-ur-Rehman. Chairman. the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. Dr. Dr. At first. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. The meeting was opened by Mr. Member 19. Member 20. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement. The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. Secretary Dr. Director of HEC Regional Center. Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. 8 . Karachi. Muhammad Rafiq Rai.
Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 . The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population. Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. 1. 5. In last few centuries. The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. 6. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development. Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities. 3. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. The committee thanked Mr. The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. 4. 2.3.
Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. skills and behaviour patterns. 5. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 . Apply theoretical understanding. Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems. Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today. ii. regional and global contexts. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. This committee. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences. in its preliminary meeting. This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5. and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems.
pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals. 6. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level. eight semesters in the semester system. Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment. assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F. 4. 5. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science. A. that: 1. The medium of instruction. 1. Sc. Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature. DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee. The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2. with consensus. skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes. The 11 . 2..graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration. UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i.e. Integrating natural sciences. 3.
Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19. Introduction to Earth Science 8. Environmental Chemistry 15. Introductory Economics* 17. The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order. Sociology/Anthropology* 11. Biology –II* 9. English-III 18. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13. English-I 6. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7. Climatology* 23. SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1. Basic Chemistry* 4. Environmental Microbiology 21.proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. English-II 12. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5. Biology –I* 3. Fundamentals of Ecology 20. Introduction to Computer 14. Environmental Physics 16. Psychology* . Environmental Pollution 22. Introduction to Environmental Science 2.
46. ELECTIVE-III 42. Opt.24. Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25. Environmental Monitoring 36. Research Methods in Environmental Science 41. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. Environmental Economics 29. English-IV/ Univ. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28. Environmental toxicology 27. Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours . Biodiversity & Conservation 35. 44. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31. ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43. Climate Change 38. 45. Environmental Impact Assessment 39. Environmental Management Systems 34. Applied Ecology 26. Environmental Biotechnology 32. Natural Resource Management 40. ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37.
• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical. • Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .
A. 4th Ed. poverty and resource depletion. Recommended Books: 1.L. M.B & Keller. R. 2002.M. development in industry and agriculture. John Wiley & Sons. & Yonavjak.I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life. D. G.J. ethical. Environmental Science: systems and solutions.. lipids. Major components of environment: physico-chemical. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth. Wright. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development. socio-economic. philosophical. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY . national. Schoch. 2007. Thomson Learning. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment. 2007. urbanization. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts. E. Miller. Pearson Educational..DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. & Nebel. Human environment and its problems: global. environmental pollution. current global. Botkin. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future. Different aspects of environment: physical. proteins and nucleic acids.T. its importance in human life. McKinney. 2007 3. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates. 2. 15 . R. regional. L. Environmental Science: working with the Earth. The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms. 6th Ed. 10th Ed. 4. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society. and their relationships with various environmental factors. history. ecological. B. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. biological and social.
but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods. Bulter. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus. Self Assessment and Revie. origin of metabolism. 8th Ed. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. protobionts. M. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. E. The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. Crossley. Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell.. phospholipids in membrane systems. Cell division.. covalent. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. and Whitelaw. proteins. coordinate covalent bond. 2007. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. 1. New York. Structure and the basis of function. Study of mitosis in onion root tip. D. amines). USA. carboxylic acids. 2003. Origin of life: chemical evolution. G. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Lingappa.. Ionic.Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life. Lewis. 16 . Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology. Nucleic acids. the molecule of genetic information and replication. N.. B.Hill International Edition. USA. J. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding. 3. 5th Edetion. Ltd. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning. Starr. Plopper. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. Australia . chemical diversity. A. carbohydrates. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. 1996. USA. V. 5. 2. chemical basis of life. McGraw. L.. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. R. 4. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. R. 2007. Wadsworth Group. lipids. C. Canada. polypeptides in protein diversity. and Lewis. Cassimeris. carbonyls. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. Aromatic compounds. Biology: a Human Emphasis. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals. esters. Molecular Biology through Questions. Cells. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions. Introduction to cell biology. Shier. 2008. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa. lipids. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations.
Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. Freeman and Company. minor and cofactor of a matrix. Photochemical reactions. values of trigonometric functions.E. Brimblecombe. 6th Edition. B. series and means. straight line and related concepts. 17 ..J.M. molal. Solution chemistry. radicals. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. concepts of six basic trigonometric functions. Skoog. 2nd Edition. F. W. geometric and harmonic sequence. UK. D. 8th Edition. M. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. Girard. normal solutions/buffers. 2nd Edition... Thin layer chromatography. Canada. Binomial theorem (Simple applications). Algebra of matrices. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane. Andrews.. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. angle-sum formula. EC and TDS in waste water. Jones and Barlett. 2004. COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences. equations of lines (linear equations). USA.E.. Recommended Books: 1. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Thomson and Brooks. Matrices and Determinants: Matrix.. Osmosis and Dialysis. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations).ions.. Lab Work Preparation of molar. Measurement of pH. Column chromatography. real line. double angle formulas. T. simultaneous equations and their solutions.K. 1st Ed. and Holler.. J. and Reid. Surface chemistry. Blackwell Science.A. expansion of determinants. graphs.. Liss. USA. Harris. determinants. J. 2.S. 2003. P. Understanding Environmental Pollution.D. law of Cosines. 5. 4. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional). coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane. 2004.J. West.H. Sequence and series: Arithmetic. 2005. D. 2004. Use of spectrophotometric techniques.C. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. Colloids chemistry. 3. Cambridge University Press.Special Products (Binomial Expression). Jickells. P. D. UK. Hill. Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra.
Chain rule. earthquakes and volcanoes. 2. Smith. Trignometry for College students. New Delhi. composition and its internal structure. theorem of integration. earthquakes.B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. difference. S. Earth as a member of solar system. nonrepeated linear factors.B. Narosa Publishing House. theorems on differentiation (sum. R.. L. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. Pacific Grove.Wesley. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension. 4. California. Fossils and their significance. mountain building. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors. foliation. Integration: Formulas of integration. cleavages. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. joints. G. 3. Introduction to sedimentary. 10th Ed.. plate tectonics. Jr. its origin. Introduction to folds. by parts integration (simple applications).A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure . Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals. 1999. Weathering. different earth processes like mountain buildings. igneous and metamorphic rocks. Thomas. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation. irreducible quadratic factors. the processes of their formation. K. Recommended Books: 1. and Finney. lineation and unconformities. product and quotient rules without derivations). age. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. faults. J. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. Addission. Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography. 4th Ed. erosion and related landforms. COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure .Cramer’s Rule. weathering and erosion. Introduction to rocks and minerals. 18 . Analytical Geometry. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions. D. Abraham. Scott Foresman and Company. Chatterjee.
and Tasa. Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology. 2007 2. K. Biodiversity of hilly areas.. Lamarckism. Lutgens. examples of adjustments in varied environment. multicellularity. interactions among diversified life. J. Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. G. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. Biodiversity of deserts. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation... protocell formation. causes of extinction. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification.. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species. different classification systems. animals). G. J. E. biodiversity crises. Field Study tour. Life in sea. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories. Foundations of Structural Biology. Use of brunton compass and GPS.. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity. Tarbuck. Darwinism. 9th Edition. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants. Prentice Hall. E. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. 5th Edition. Park. COURSE 8 BIOLOGY . R. modern concepts. invasion of life on land. D. Brooks/Cole. A. Recommended Books: 1. crucial for organisms’ sustainability. unicellularity. and Pun. Geological time chart with biodiversity.. F. 3rd Edition. Wicander.. 19 . measuring biodiversity. 2004.. How Does Earth Work. Physical Geology and Process of Science. Prentice Hall: 2006.II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution.Identification of rocks and minerals. K. Earth Science. Prentice Hall. and Tasa. Geographical aspects of biodiversity. 2007 3. J. consequences of losing biodiversity. D. and Monroe. Routledge.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps.. Tarbuck. F. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis. 4. molecular basis of biodiversity. R. Lutgens. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water. 5. Biodiversity of canal. 2005. Smith. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms. population loss and decline. Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life. 11th Edition.
New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. 3. Use of environment for vested interest. 2009. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. C. C. 3. Routledge. Biodiversity (An Introduction). Environmental Risks and the Media. Culture. Recommended Books: 1. and Sustainable Living. K. 2006. Contemporary environmental status. Understanding the environment-human relationship. (editors). Tripartite nature of environment.. UK. Chronological. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. UK. USA. Adam. Goals and expectations. The Ecology of global consumer culture. 2005. 2nd Edition. 3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment. (editor). 2. Inc. The Biosphere. Townsend. CA: AltaMira Press. globalization and environmental issues. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology. Bradbury. I. Scope and application. Biology. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. Allan & Carter. a Human Emphasis.. culture and society. New York: New York University Press. Prospect Heights. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. J. 2000. Blackwell Science Ltd. and Spicer. I. Crumley. Nora and Wilk. Hannen. Starr. K. P. Inc. IL:WavelandPress. 20 . 2001. Wadsworth Group. Consumption. power & hegemony. 2003. R.E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems. L. Conceptualizing environment. COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure . John Wiley and Sons. Walnut Creek. 2009. Contemporary environment issues and debate.K. 5th Edition. and concerns. UK. Perspective of human-environment evolution. 2. 4. Gaston. J.
London 1996. Hardware: Input Hardware. Types and classification of computers.6th Ed. Ms-Power Point. Software: Application software.5. Recommended Books: 1. Kluwer Academic Publishers. internet. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered. output hardware. G.Microsoft office 2000.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure . Fundamentals of computer. K. Introduction to MS-Word. software packages. 2. COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure . Operating system (Windows). it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion.1999.H. Local Area Network. Configurations. Ms-Excel. After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry. Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures. Storage hardware.. Milton. Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse. 21 . Ed. Rutledge. physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry. processing hardware. Marquis A.BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment. Selin. 2003. computer programs and basic applications. as are their effects on the biosphere. Courter. Long l. 6. Course Outlines Definition.. e-mail. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere. Long N. Ms-Access. system software.C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components.
Human perceptions and noise criteria. Radioactivity and nuclear physics. J. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light. Energy. Ibanez. Heat radiation and heat transfer. P. 5. 1999. Conversion of mass. USA. T. DoriaSerrano. 3. M. Fregoso-Infante. Sound and Noise. 2004. Recommended Books: 1. Hernandez-Esparza.. Fundamentals of aquatic.E... trophic level. Canada. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts. Entropy. 4. Active control of sound. Environmental Chemistry. Ozone and UV light.T.G.. J. Particle physics.M. Blackwell Science..S. Liss. photosynthesis. Thomson-Brooks. K.D. M. Banerji Prentice Hall of India. Solar spectrum. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light. UK. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants. 2008. Springer. Basic acoustics. and Reid.E. and Singh. Gaussian plumes in the air. P. India. Isotopes and radioactive decay. 2. 2004. its causes and adverse effects on environment. 2nd Edition. Andrews. Turbulence.. G. J. atmospheric and soil chemistry. Solids. COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter. Nuclear energy. Samir. A. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems. Girard. Global climate and climatic change. Environmental impact of various industries. Diffusion. Equations of fluid dynamics..Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry. Energy conversion. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer.. Ozone chemistry. Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics. Fate of pollutants in environment. interaction of light with matter. Electromagnetic radiation. Environmental Science. Reducing the transmission of sound. Turbulent jets and plumes. Miller. C.. Brimblecombe. Jones and Barlett.. their sources and toxic actions. Measurement and comparison of the 22 . 1st Edition. Jickells. B.. Germany. Liquids and Gasses. Transport of pollutants. Chemical reactions. 2005. Turbulent diffusion.J. Environmental Chemistry.
Introductory Environmental Physics. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. M. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. 7th Ed. and Pandis. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods. Physics of the Environment and Climate. S.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. J. Smith. 2001. 2008. Producer behavior. poverty. interaction between ecology and economic management. Todaro. H. 23 . World Bank Publications. R. Field visit. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development. economic growth and its measurement. producer and community point of view. UK. S. 2. economic welfare and difference among all. Pakistan economic context: National income. Praxis publishing. and Van Grondelle. USA. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Natural resources and the economy. 3. and Resource allocation. Impact of economic activity on environment. Routledge. concepts and measurement. 2. John Wiley and Sons Inc. E. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. Recommended Books: 1. Kentucky USA. Measures for sustainable development. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. Growth and Environment. Yusuf. Seinfeld. Sustainable development. 2006. Course Outlines Introduction to economics. Man environmental relationship. 4. USA. C. G. New York. 2008. Growth and development. economic progress. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter. Guyot. economic growth. Economic functions of environment.1998. Boeker. COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. Wesely Publishers. P. Environmental economics. population and environmental quality. Environmental Physics. USA. N. 2001. Recommended Books: 1. Economic Development.Economic development.. Economic management and environmental quality. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. USA.
World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. C. Kessinger Publishing. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy. Shogren. B.. Ecosystem and its types. 24 . 2. International Thomson Publishing. and systems ecology. SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology. 2009. Callicott. Ecology. the ethics of soil. B. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy. Course Outlines Introduction.A. London. concepts and approaches. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure . Farmington Hills.. J. USA. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale. Portland 1967. Economics.3. WCIV7AA. Environmental philosophy and ethics. soil. population. 4. levels of ecological organization. & Pierce. Natural philosophy. Frodeman. 2007. World Bank Publications. branches of ecology. Introduction to ethical theory. D. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. Recommended Books: 1. role of light.V. Palgrave Macmillan. water. community. and White. species. 2002. temperature. R. 2008. 2008. biogeography. 3. USA. 4.. community and ecosystem. its fundamental concepts. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. J. Hanley.. England. Swift. description of population. N. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. Russell. A History of Western Philosophy.A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems. Touchstone Books. Environmental Critics of agriculture. M. DeVeer. B. LLC. ethics and ecology.
Ecosystem: structure and function. UK. community dynamics. Biomes of the world. 2004. P. WCB/McGraw-Hill. N. G. and More. students will be able to understand the significance.W. and S. J. 2000. M. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea. King’s College London. plant geography and animal distribution. Fundamentals of Ecology. characteristics of urban. 3. biotic factors. Ecology (principles and applications). 1999 4. with special emphasis on their environmental impact. M C J 1st ed. C. 2001 5.) Moles.L and Reiss. 5th Ed. COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment. Systems ecology. Biogeochemical cycles of C. Concepts of Limiting factors. Populations. productivity of different ecosystems. 2. landscape ecology. habitat and niche. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). New York. Chapman. C. landscape changes and their importance. B. various concepts of community. agricultural and industrial ecosystems. Recommended Books 1. aero-microbiology and food microbiology. population dynamics. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. aquatic microbiology. UK. J. 6th Ed. Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. M J. Fundamentals of Ecology. 1st Ed. distribution limits. E P. Population distribution and abundance. Dash. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. Thomson Brooks/Cole.Cox. ecological modeling. After completion of this course. Microbial metabolism. role and application of microorganisms in the environment. and Barett. Odum. Tata McGraw-Hill. New Delhi. Cambridge University Press. Ecology (concepts and applications. Microbiology of terrestrial environments. bacteria and eukarya. Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology.topography and air as ecological factors. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. 1992. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems. Lab Work 25 .
Weiner.K.B. Maier. Soil.I. I. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology.L. its sources and their effects. Fuhrmann. G. McGraw Hill Inc. Knudsen. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal. Recommended Books: 1. C. Noise. 4th Edition. P. Hill. Effects of Pollutants. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic. Microbiology.. Prentice Hall. Harley. M.F. and Klein. Understanding Environmental Pollution. 2009. Crawford. 2005.W. and Zuberer. D. Types of Environmental pollution: Air.. 2002. New Jersey. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally. nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution. 2nd Edition. USA. Academic Press. R. 2007. 26 . C. D. A.G. USA. transportation & treatments.C.R. Case Studies. Pollution Control Strategies.. W.J. M.D.P. UK. F. Pepper. Prescott.. American Society for Microbiology. D. USA. USA... Recommended Books 1. 2.Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection. Marine & Industrial pollution. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines. isolation. Fate of Environmental Pollutants.V.. Academic Press. Cambridge UK. Hartel.J. 3. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution. J. P. International Protocols (BASAL Convention). 2. Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents. Solid Waste generation. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution. 5. Collection. Peiece. 3. Sylvia. 1995. J.L. 4. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution.P. McInernery. Water..A. Environmental Pollution and Control. L. Butterworth-Heinemann.M.Gerba. USA..and Brendecke.J. Manual of Environmental Microbiology. and Stetzenbach.J. L.M.P. Washington DC.. Mean plate count. Environmental Microbiology.L.J.M.A. R. and Jeffery.. 2005. purification and preservation. Cambridge University Press. Dilution plate technique. Hurrst.. peppor. (Elsevier) USA. 2005. London. J.and Vesilaind. and Gerba.A. Academic Press. Human & other living organisms..1998. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel. 2 Edition.
Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). The climate of Pakistan. Four Spheres of the Earth..E. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment. Weather and Climate. Marcel Dekkar. local winds. The Physics of Atmospheres. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . 2002. COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences. Sadder. 1992. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology. N. Surface winds. Royal book company. Methods of psychology. COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems. Pandis. Solar radiations. . Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere. 3. Heat and the Earth's atmosphere. A brief historical background and schools of psychology. concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. Austin Miller. 27 . Cloud Classification. Lawrance K.M. air pressure. 2. condensation and cloud Formation. American Public Health Association (APHA). Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided. A. Cambridge University Press. The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan. 2006 5. Shamshad.J. climatic zones of Pakistan. Lutgens. John Wiley and Sons.. Mechanism of heat transfer.2nd Editions. Tarbuck. 2003. The Atmosphere.4. 5. Spyros.K. John H..From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. Houghton J. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications. Factors affecting air Pressure. 6th Edition. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater.. Radiation and climate. Recommended Books: 1. K.W. 1988.F. processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History. global circulation. The Hydrologic cycle. Climatology. Karachi. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere. 4. Environmental psychology.
Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. rivers. Greene. Soil as a natural resource.characteristics and research methods. Routledge. Bell. 5th Edition. Background and scope. species response to pollutants. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change. CRC Press. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives.A. London. Restoration of derelict lands. CRC Press. Sustainable livestock management practices. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture. limitation of irrigated agriculture. solar radiation and primary production. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts. T. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan. High population density and psychological impacts. their management and ecological restoration. COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. techniques and methods of restoration. Ecology of food production. energy and carbon balance. and Baum A. soil salinity and water logging. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. Environmental perception and cognition. Fisher J. soil erosion and conservation. Eysenck. London. 2001. P. carbon dioxide and global climate change. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship.. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. M. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine.D.W. Fundamental of Psychology. 28 . Recommended Books: 1. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. Water as an ecological resource. 1992. Course Outline Introduction. Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. sustainable agriculture. Sustainable agricultural practices. Water and distribution of species. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Future water scenario of Pakistan. soil resources of Pakistan.. 2. Routledge. Ecological restoration.C. threats and mitigation. concepts. Pollution control through Ecology. Environmental Psychology. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species.
Chemical interactions and their types. water and soil. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications. P. toxicology of chemicals. and Hobbs. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management. Odum E. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms. soil and air samples. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. biological effects. Zedler.. J.National Book Foundation. R. Newman. Islamabad.I. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. Immunological considerations in toxicology. 1989. Soil Science.. from natural and anthropogenic sources. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water. toxicity screening using microbial systems. USA.W. Peshawar. 3. Foundations of Restoration Ecology. and Barett. COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals.. 2004. Organs. A. 4. Synergism. Pakistan’s Environment. Shirkat Gah. Island Press. 2006. Determination of Interaction of chemicals. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals. K. B. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents. their containment and control strategies. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic. Studies in Pakistan Geography. toxins vs toxicants. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures. Blackwell Scientific Publications.Recommended Books: 1. in vivo & in vitro assays.S. 5th Edition. 1996. on human and other living organisms. terminologies: Poisons.P. Fundamentals of Ecology. toxins & toxicants. A. Oxford. Margaret A. Rashid. Toxicity: Types and its measurement. Determination of chemicals in biological samples. J. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. Potentiation and Addition. K and Habib. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. Falk. Mumtaz. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. Lahore.A. and Memon. E. 2nd ed.. Thomson Brooks/Cole. D. 29 . Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. Israr-ud-Din. dose response relationship in living organisms.1998. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system. 2000 2. G. University of Peshawar. 5.
Macmillan Press Ltd. First and Second law of Thermodynamics. industry. General and Applied Toxicology.1 & 2. W. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement. McGrawhill. Hughes. State of the Environment-Pakistan . economic development and the environment. Course Outlines Introduction to history. 1996. international trade and the environment. urbanization and pollution. 1993. USA. Ballantyne. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology. 1st Edition.D. Government of Pakistan. culture. the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements. USA. Recommended Books 1.. water resources. COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development. clean development mechanism. 1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development. topographic zones. geography. health. CRC Press Llc. B. pollution control-a general model. 3. 1992. Williams. P. Environmental Profile of Pakistan. the economic benefits of different environmental resources. Ecological: ecological zones. 3. 2005 2. major ecosystems. Klassen. (ed. Vol. 1st Edition. 5th Edition. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York. T and Turner. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann.).M. USA. Course Outlines Introduction. M. the economy and the environment. economic aspects of different environmental problems. people. Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. Recommended Books: 30 .Science of Poisons . education.2005 2. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis. Economic: agriculture.Recommended Books 1. measuring environmental benefits. land. W.
handling. Skoog. All Solids. A. CSIRO Publ. Harris. Titrimetery..W. Oxford. 2005. and Batemen. Standard solutions and standard curves. and F. Freeman & Co. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. Sample collection. Oxford University Press.. precision and accuracy. West. Australia. preparation and storage. B. D. 3. Biomarkers in environmental assessment.L.1. Johns Hopkins University Press.2004. Gravimetery. Conductivitymetry. Collingwood. Environmental Economics. New York. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater.. L. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin.. 2003. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery. Peverill. Sparrow and D. 1999. 31 . Environmental Economics: An Introduction. salinity & sodicity).C. USA. 1993. Pearce. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH. C. and derived S. 2000. Titrimetery. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive. J.2002. Spectroscopy and Chromatography. M. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction. Fluoride. 2.I. Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual.UK. units. 3. BOD. Holler. soil (NPK and organic matter contents. water and plant analysis. Conductivitymetry. 6th Edition.K. Data interpretation for quality control. 8th Edition. Use of Potentiometery. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve.R.D.. Recommended Books: 1. D. D.. C. I. Gravimetery. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling.I. Sample preservation methods. Field. 4. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association). COD. D.and Field. Lab Work S. Thomson and Brooks. COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. Analytical techniques for soil.A. Turner. NO3–N & NH4-N). M. Reuter.K. Kolstad. 2.J. K.
2009. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns. Biotechnology. A. 2001. National Biosafety Guidelines. D. USA.. Environmental Biotechnology. New York. 5th Ed. 2007. 2nd Ed. 2. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd. England. Scragg. Government of Pakistan. USA.W. purification and preservation of DNA.living organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques. National Biotechnology Commission. 3. Introduction to microbial kinetics. W. and application of biotechnology in the environment.1999. Hans- Joachim. Recombinant DNA technology. students will be able to understand the significance. COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 . Oxford University Press. Biomarkers. Cambridge University Press. Wiley-VCH Verlag. J. Bioreactors. Germany. J.). Chichoster.P. USA. (ed. New York. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment. and Russel. Smith. 4. and Josef. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants. Sambrook. Isolation. Recommended Books 1.. Derbre. PCR.COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments. After completion of this course. Biosensor. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures. Course Outlines Introduction. Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques. Tools in environmental biotechnology. 2005. J.E.D. 2005.
Campbell. map projection and coordinate systems. Agriculture. Introduction to Photogrammetry. Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. 1999. Pearsons Education. Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). Inc. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. 2. F. Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. John Wiley and Sons. R. Data acquisition. Lulla. Forestry. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). Types of data used in GIS. Aerial photography. 4. Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. eradication of the duplicated data. K and L. COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . V. 5. history and platforms. 2000. Preparation of thematic maps. A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. Inc. Different types of maps. Energy Sources. 2009. Harvey. John Wiley and Sons. 3. Satellite Imageries. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. analysis and output. Cartography. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. Data entry and output. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. Z. Dessinov. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. Fishery and wildlife. Image Processing. 2000. A. Active and Passive remote sensing. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. Interpretation. Jensen. integration of information from many sources. Using and reading GPS in field. Inc. 2008. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1. Rancez.Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. Introduction to GIS. advantages and limitations of process. Guilfoud press New York. History and data collection. Mc Graw Hill Education.
eco-design.. Environmental aspects and impacts. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. social and ethical values of biodiversity. ecological. International Organization for Standardization. and Yoxon. Michigan. F. types of biodiversity. Environmental Economy. 2006. Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor. 3. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS). Khan. hot spots of biodiversity. animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan.3rd Edition . cleaner technologies. threats to biodiversity. threats to biodiversity and its conservation. 1998. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management. principles of Cleaner production.). alpha and beta diversity. 34 .This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits. 2001.. Sheldon. Environmental Management Systems Principles. Certification of EMS. economic. American Society for Quality. Systems and Support Techniques. Related Environmental legislation. plant. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. Environmental Management tools. 4. A.C. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production. Environment and sustainable development.. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). WWF Pakistan. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. philosophical.2nd Ed. COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. Conservation of biodiversity. and Qasim. etc. American Society for Quality. standards and guidelines. M. M. Methods of environmental protection. 2. Course Outlines Introduction. 2005. Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1. need and approach. B.
Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment. Lab Work Sampling techniques (air. presampling requirements/information. Legal protection of species.B. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples. habitats. 35 . Considerations. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes. 2. 2000. laboratory custody.R. Cox. Recommended Books: 1.e. P. croplands.. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme. NOC for plant operation. community and ecosystem level. A Primer for Conservation Biology.B. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora. 2ndEd. Publ. London. Biogeography. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan. 3. C. plants. design and types of samples.. international agreements. ecotourism. Saad Printers. Z. quality assessment. protected areas. Sinauer. Course Outlines Introduction. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan. conservation and livelihood. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i. chemical addition.. management. Quality assurance and quality control. national and international laws and regulations. forests. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. Conservation of wildlife. role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. conservation strategies. their categories. Lahore). in-situ and ex-situ conservation. refrigeration and freezing methods. P. cities. 1998. Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures. Kings College.conservation at species. and Morre. sampling and design purposes. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan. role of traditional knowledge in conservation. Rawalpindi. air. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing. population. quality control sampling.D. Mirza. 2000. water. Preservation methods including pH control.B. conservation in man-made ecosystems. soil and living organisms. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. Sunderland. EIA requirement. field custody. Associates Inc. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring.
S. Forstner U. D. Chapman and Hall. Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate. Air Pollution and Acid Rain. Recent Climate Change Indicators. E. UK. McKlivie.Recommended Books: 1. Ozone depletion. H. Manahan. Energy and Temperature.1996. 2002. D. Earth Observation of Global Change. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. its causes and effects. L. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. 2008. 2008. N. agriculture. Precipitation. USA.USA. . 3. Tokyo. and Guethner. 6. 2000. Technomic Publishing Company Inc.1999. Moisture in the Atmosphere. extinctions. F.. (ed) Springer. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide. E. Human responses to potential climate change. The Measurement of Climate Change. 2. phenological changes. 8. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. and social factors contributing to climate and global change. 2nd Edition. COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change. 7. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course. Environmental Chemistry. USA. chemical. Murai. I. altered community structure. 1992. Physical. Remote Sensing Note. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. Chuviero.) McGraw-Hill. Regional droughts and 36 . 2002. USA. biological. Japan Association on Remote Sensing. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. New York. Peakall. and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change. Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change.. 5. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. (eds. R. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts. Korte. Keith. Lewis Publisher London. human health. S. Burden. regional. Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. Patterns in Winds and Pressure. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention.
John Wiley & Sons. Blackwell. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice. review of EIA quality. 2005.T. Keith. London. and Solutions. John Wiley & Sons. Effects. 2003. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems. J. A. and Chadwick. EIA project management. scoping. Types & Resources to produce Energy. role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis. Glasson. reporting. Earthscan Publication Ltd.(ed). 2004. Hardy. T. 1st Edition. Climate Change . R. Main stages in EIA process. 3. Cost and benefits of EIA.. 2005. (ed. London. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment. impact analysis. Ministry of Housing and Works. 5. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction. 37 . Effects. J. J. J. 2000. 1986. 6. 4. principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society.. Recommended Books: 1. social impact assessment (SIA). public involvement.. screening.. Hardy. COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project. Harrop. EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan. National Book Foundation. 3. Global Change and the earth system. overview. 2003. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan. J. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. Houghton. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels.. 1994. & Nixon. Routledge. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University.Causes. Oxford.Causes. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. project implementation and follow up... Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2).A. Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. A. solids. Global Warming and Climate Change. liquid. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. Climate Change . 2. and Solutions. D. law. 2. decision-making to implement the project. Islamabad.cataclysmic climate change. Sringer.). Therivel. 4. Recommended Books: 1. Petts. Islamabad. 1999. mitigation and impact management. 2005. and noise.O.
Carpenter. process and contents of the management plan.. and Tu. wind power and nuclear power. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources.). Evans. agriculture chemicals. threat and its causes. occurrence and distribution of natural resources.. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources. their pros and cons.B and Warren. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual.. methodologies. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area. threats..5. R. Everitt. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level. agriculture products and their share in GDP. M. John Willey & Sons. requirement. Sadler. 6. F. national and provincial legislation. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy. their current status and threats. 38 . COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification. B. A. solar power. 1997. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies. USA. national agriculture policy. limitation in the future. national example. (ed. J. causes and methods for its improvement. management options. 1993. problem in agriculture. R. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia.. 2002. Development of Management Plan: needs.. Watershed management: Importance basic principles. Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. effective management.. H. Rangeland Management: existing status. importance. B. 2nd Edition. forest types and its existing management. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. best available option for future. wildlife census. & McCabe. Asian Development Bank. Conservation in Progress. Types. Goldsmith. Lohani. New York. Ludwig. existing management approaches. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. S. Recommended Books: 1. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. United Nations Environment Programme. management options.
R.1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study. to introduce students to research design. P. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods.A pre-requisite for Research.F. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. 2007. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. Scientific Research: Science. Methodology. research methods.L. Interviews. Bibliography. New York. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data.2. 1984. London. W. Sampling: the logic of sampling. Islamabad. 1992. and Jorqensen. Scientific Methods. Inference based on findings. How to put things together? Introduction. Case Studies. Dasmann. and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1.Amsterdam. Questionnaire. Objectives. types of sampling design/. Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. Thousand Oaks. Environmental Conservation. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem. concepts and terminologies. GOP and IUCN. 3.. Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf. Sage CA. Research Design & Research Methods. Literature Search: Database. 1990. & Plano Clark. John Wiley & Sons. J. Surveys. Review of Literature. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice. Material Methods. S. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically. Review of Literature. V. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). population and sampling frames.E.E. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design. Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison). USA. 5. Hansen. Search Engines. Research Proposal: its importance . Creswell. Experimental Research. 4. 39 . Selecting the Research Method. Elsevier.
Recommended Books: 1. Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation. Chichester. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan. Marilyn F.. USA. National Environmental Policy 4.. and Arhonditsis. USA. Univ.Harrad. England. Robert Yin. Diamon. Sage Publishers. Students project in Environmental Science. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers. E. John and sons Ltd. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 . Wadsworth Publishing Company. 1989. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act. 2003. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan.S. 6. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development. 2000. Qadar.h. Moriarty. National Conservation Strategy 5. S. of Chicago Press. Writing Science Through Critical Thinking. G. 5. Belmont California. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance. regulations made there under.2. 2nd Edition.USA. Survey Research Methods. Government of Pakistan 3. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans. 2001.. 1997. 3rd Edition. 4. M. 2003. R. 3.Batty. Law Books House. 1997. Booth. 2008. The Craft of Research by Wayne C. SNBP Local Government Ordinance. Babbie.. 2. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. 2001 and the rules of business made there under.
This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45
POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46
RESEARCH PROJECT/ INTERNSHIP
E-I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY
To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,
5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.
. 2006. water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan. Mirajuddin Publication . Biswas. pollution aspects. 2.. Asia Printer.). Ahmed. N. fisheries management. (eds. water quality and quantity aspects. 4. flood and droughts. improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency. 2006. 2005. and Tortajada. C. A.Lahore. and Malik. like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. recycling and re-use of wastewater.K. 3. groundwater exploitation. Khan. R. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment. Recommended Books: 1. Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia.. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan. 6. Course Outlines Water resource and its management. Ahmed. SDPI Oxford University Press. (ed. Mirajuddin Publication . Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. Briscoe. Revised & enlarged edition. Cheema. N. Bengali. R. water supply and demand management measures. O. Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization. Oxford University Press Karachi.. virtual water. K. wetlands resources management. 5. flood and drought management. 44 . Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT). and Qamar. Islamabad. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. with drinking water facilities like springs. tubewells. Lahore.1993. Groundwater Resources of Pakistan. A. watershed/catchment. hydrological cycle. precipitation distribution in Pakistan. integrated water resources management (IWRM)... it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects.E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan. Oxford University Press New Delhi. P. The Politics of Managing Water.Varis.. 1993. J. Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant. Islamabad. climate change and its impacts on our future water resources.). 2003. I. U. A. Pakistan . Indus Water Accord 1991. Pakistan. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry.
Upper Saddle River. Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils. Soil degradation. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. R. the salient features of urban environments. urban flora and fauna. Bashir. D. Factors and processes of soil formation. Pakistan. Gardiner. Prentice Hall..T. 45 . Course Outlines Introduction. Brady. Hillel. CA. R. urban patterns and ecosystem functions. Course Outlines Introduction. and Weil. Soil Science. Definition. 1. Academic Press. Types and properties of parent materials. Urbanization. Causes of urbanization. 11th Edition. and Bantel. USA. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. NJ. soils. 2007. residential mobility and the neighborhood change. USA. R.R. N. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. D.E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. Soil buffering capacity and its importance. urban landscapes characteristics. Upper Saddle River. Forms of urbanization. humans as components of urban ecosystems. transport. Physical and chemical properties of soil. Soil forming minerals. 2008. Process and outcome.C. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization. National Book Foundation. After completion of this course. urbanization in Pakistan.. Cation and anion exchange. hydrological processes. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations. Miller. 1996. Urban ecosystem. PrenticeHall. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. NJ. San Diego. Islamabad. E. urban political ecology. USA. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. urban settlements. management and green productivity. Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. 2007. Soils in Our Environment. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life.W. future of urban centers.
Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems.. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. Smith. V. 2. 2006. Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments. 2009. The planning process. SAGE Publications Ltd. 2000. J. 5. Elements of urban planning. Scope. 2004. UK. New York. The Ecology of Urban Habitats. USA. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area. M. Planning and Urban Change. City Design for Sustainable Development. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city. Hough. O. nd 2 Edition. Sukopp. Kate. London. H. Routledge. Silberstein. Springer.. London. Planning and its relationship with other professions. Penguin Group. SBS academic publishing. 2007. 46 .Recommended Books: Urban Ecology. Principles of planning. S. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability. New trends in planning and city management. Alberti.. 3. I. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. Justification for planning for city management. UK. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans.1990. CRC Press LLC. Planning theories and concepts. Types of Urban Plans. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. D. USA. The Works: Anatomy of a City..L. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level. 1989. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. UR. Routledge.S. Levels of planning.and Kowaril. Hejny. Gilbert. Land use planning theories. Ward. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation. Aims and Objectives of planning. A. S. Recommended Books: 1. Chapman and Hall. 2. C. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. M. UK. E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. 1. 4.and Maser. Hague. nature and purpose of urban planning.. 2004.
and White G. Political factors. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). ADB. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization. 1993. Flooding. 4. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development. 1991. Techniques and methods to assess hazard. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms. G. 4.. The Guilford Press. E&UA Div. Cultural factors. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures. Physical factors. P. Hazards.. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies.J.B. Recommended Books: 1. Earthquake.. Earthquake Management.. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N. Ministry of Housing and Works. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made.e. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies. 2nd Edition. New York. Clara. Islamabad. Disaster as an opportunity for development.3. Boulder .. Landslide. Paris. 1993. New York. 1986. 1989. Disaster Management Trainings and Policies.. Different approaches and Indicators. UK. i.F. Introducing Town Planning. and Woodrow. Manila. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research.W. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies. 2. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. 1993. R. International phenomenon..UNESCO. Longman Group. Chapman & Hall. Prediction. Disaster Management: Components of management. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters. Socio-economic factors. Natural Disasters Alexander. Government of Pakistan. Role of Media in Disaster Management.W. It discusses a wide range of aspects. Kates.. The Environment as Hazard Burton I. Flood Management: Organizational Role. It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. Natural cycles and their role. 47 . 3. D. H. Westview Press. M.
hydropower. environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources. M. Deforestation for agricultural purposes. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. Consumer and producer relationship. R. 3. alternate energy resources. 2001. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals. Botkin. 6th Edition.5.. and Yonavjak. F.L. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. energy resources. John Wiley and Sons. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems. Phytoremediation and bioremediation.M. Farming practices for pests and weeds control. Agroecology. Westport. 2. merits and demerits of wind. Ecological concept in crop and food production. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation. 1984.W. uses. Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem. decomposers. L. Quorum Books.B and Keller. energy resources of Pakistan. primary producers. 4th Edition. 2007. 48 . 1983. sustainable energy management. E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem. New York. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers. 2007. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources. Biotic structure..H. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. local. biomass resources.A. D. USA. McKinney. Course Outlines Energy-development and environment. solar. Perry R. consumers. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. Paris. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources. Sustainable livestock management. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. A. types. 1. Schoch. Disasters and Development Cuny. and Mushkatel. E. OECD/IEA. 6.. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.C.
1990. C. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species. M.H. Boulder. Experimental Plant Ecology. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture. Altreri. Westview Press.G. CBS Publishers and Distributors. USA. Kapur. 2000. R.Determination of density and abundance of plant species. E-11 Seminar 49 .M. and Sudha. P. and Rossel. McGraw Hill Publishing Company. Yandermeer J. 3.R. Study of index of diversity. India.P. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species.. Corol.A.Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram. 2. USA. Study of stratification and profile diagram. Recommended Books: 1. New Delhi. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity. 1995. Agrocology. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity. New York.
The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor. 2. 50 . 3. that: 1. The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science. The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme. 4. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. the Committee agreed on the following principles. The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science. 5. availability of the faculty and other facilities.
9.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1. 22. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. 20. 21. 10. 25. 26. 15. 11. 4. 16. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 2. 6. The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. 9. Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. 4. 7. 18. 8. 3. 8. 10. 13. 11. 6. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. 12. 5. 2. 24. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 . 19. 12. 14. 7. 5. 3. 23. 17.
London. Environmental control Policies.E. NCS. 2nd Edition. WCS. Khan K. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling. Treaties. FURTHER READINGS 1. Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management. P. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan.1995. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems. 3.. 2. Instruments and methods. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future... GOP and IUCN. S. Carrying capacity and sustainable development. Geography of Pakistan. London Black Stone Press Ltd. status of Terrestrial. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences.T.1991. Oxford University Press. Recommended Books: 1. Amsterdam. Environment People and Economy. 3. Mackenzie.S. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space. Provincial and Local Strategies.A.1994. Conventions and Protocols in Global. Hodder and Stoughton. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall. Islamabad. S. Regional and International Environmental Issues. Ball. D. S. and Jorqensen.DETAILS OF M. 52 . Conservation Strategies. Mackenzie J.. 1987. COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan. 1991. Relationship of culture. technology and resource use. development of concepts. Elsevier. 4. Money. and Bell.1994.F. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. Oxford University Press. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Karachi. 1992. F. Draft National Environmental Policy..E. Hansen. 2. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan.
opportunities and issues. Ahmed. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). 1995. History. D. ed. role and importance.Vanclay. WB. FURTHER READINGS 1. ecological impact assessment. Longman Scientific and Technical. John Wiley & Sons. Environmental and Social Impact assessment. Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment. Wood. Harlow Essex. World Bank. Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. Ministry of Environment. sample collection and preservation. Recommended Books: 1. economic impact assessment. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. Ed. Wastewater. Longman House. Washington. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. 3. COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. sampling rules. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. C. process. Recommended Books: 1. Gas Chromatography etc. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. Air and Solid Waste. A one Publishers Lahore. Assessment of environmental impacts. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery. K. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements. procedures and methods of EIA. 1995. Burnt Hill. Principles of physical. Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Environment Department. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants. UK. Demographic impact assessment.. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. Case Studies and review. DC. Cost benefit analysis of projects. 2. Environmental auditing. 53 .A. A. 1993. Chichester. Government of Pakistan. England. Environmental Chemical Analysis. F & Bronstein. 2.COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction. Sectoral guidelines for EIA. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). social impact assessment.
Occupational Health: problems and issues. Nebel. Primary health care services. Park. USA.. 1992. T.2000. activities. 5. Lippmann. R. Project Planning. Reasons for Project success or failure. air borne. Government Policies and Programs. Need identification. Defining Project objectives. M. M/S Banarsid.COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project. inputs. and Wright.. feasibility study. indicators. Writing Project Proposal. Recommended Books: 1. development objectives. Planning Commission Performas. London.. work breakdown structure.. 1997. 1st ed. Mantel s. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. T. Inc. New York.. Project Initiation. John Wiley and Sons. COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems. T. MS Project Recommended Books: 1. Meredith J. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic. prevention and control. specific objectives. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. 2. Environmental Health Engineering. communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne. 4. Wiley Interscience.. 2. Oxford University Press New York. 2nd Ed. USA. 1st Ed. Caeneross. 54 . assumptions. 2001. 3. Van Nostrand and Reinhold. R. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. Resource Mobilization. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. K. Public health concept. de Kok. outputs. principles and practices. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). 1998.. 1993. Project Planning and Approval Processes. Basic Environmental Health. 2002. safety techniques. food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. Project Management Institute. J. Kjelllström. Ergonomic and Safety. UK. Project Life Cycle. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. J. Prentice Hall International Inc.. T. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). A Guide to Project Management. and Guidotti. economic evaluation. A. B. S. means of verification. Yassi. L. 1st Ed. Project Management: A Managerial Approach.. Accident prevention and safety plans.
COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. transport. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. nuclear) local. non-renewable and renewable. Related Environmental regulations. alternate energy resources. D. R. 1990b. ISO Central Secretariat. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal. Recommended Books: 1. 2. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. hydropower. and Yonavjak. 4th Edition. Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. Principles of cleaner production. petroleum. 4. USA. 2001. types. principles and elements of the process of EMS. McKinney. Sayre. St Luise Press. Botkin. data collection and interpretation. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms. 55 . sustainable energy management for agriculture. 2007. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. OECD/IEA. Paris. Environmental auditing. E. Schoch. bio-energy resources. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. D. Michigan-January 2001. energy resources of Pakistan.L.B and Keller. industry and domestic sectors. 1998. uses. L.. gas. merits and demerits of wind. 2007. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor. 3. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources.M. 6th Edition. solar. John Wiley and Sons. 3. M. Recommended Books: 1. energy resources. Paris. Environmental Auditing. Sources of data. Switzerland. 2.A. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet.
London. Climate Change . 1. Climate change and food production. COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. D. Effects. Species richness. 2003. Chichester. 2. and Solutions. Houghton. Oxford. water resources. E. Beck. ECOPE 29. 1st Edition.T. Introduction to Plant Population Biology. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T.D.Causes. 2004. Hardy. UK 1991. Green House Gases. Plant Ecology. J.. human activities and vegetation dynamics.Causes. 2. management and restoration. Maarel. 2003. types of climate change models. & Charlesworth. Vegetation Ecology Ed. 4. J. K. J. climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. survival and extinction. resources and plants.. E & Muller-Hohenstein. Climate Change . geographical and temporal patterns. Blackwell Publishing. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics. vegetation dynamics. D. plant conservation. John Wiley & Sons. Oxford UK. B & Jager. The Green House Effect. competition and coexistence. UK. Blackwell Publishing. plant invasions.). Berlin. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. 2005. 3. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. Recommended Books: 1. Warrick.COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. (Ed. John Wiley & Sons. Shulze. Springer. etc. Climate Change and Ecosystems. global aspects of plant ecology. Recommended Books: 1. Plant population dynamics. and Solutions. 2005. Hardy. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. 56 . 5. Life history strategies of plants. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. 3. Modeling of climate change. T. ED. Earthscan Publication Ltd. John Wiley & Sons. 2005. Silvertown. 2005. types and their climatic effects. Effects. forests.
2004. 2002. 3. Cambridge University Press. Forests. Essentials of Conservation Biology. Threatened animals and plants.L. Participatory forest management. Oxford University Press.A. distribution and management. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management. S.B. Roberts. B. deforestation and its control. Inc. threats and conservation. Primack. Protected areas in Pakistan. 4. UK. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. Roberts. Robinson. Status of forests in Pakistan. R. 57 . Cambridge. Wildlife of Pakistan. Bailey. Biodiversity: An introduction. John Wiley And Sons. COURSE 11 WILDLIFE. E. 5. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity. Publishers Sunderland.D. J. Consumptive. Oxford University Press. Rangeland management. Conserving Living Natural Resources. kinds. 1992. Oxford. Recommended Books: 1. Forest plantations. Protected areas. distribution.(2nd Ed. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity. habitats and ecosystems. Extinction of species.G. T. 3. USA. 1998. K. types. their types and role in conservation. Principles of Wildlife Management. Oxford University Press. 2. Global and national biodiversity.J. Protection and restoration of species. & Ripley. J. its causes. Oxford.) Gaston. management. Wetlands. Sustainable forest management. I). II). their importance. their ecological and economic importance.COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction. Wildlife Ecology and Management. distribution. Oxford. Sinauer Assocaites. T. London. Weddell. types. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation.J. biological diversity. Blackwell Publsihing. S. Establishment and management of protected areas. And Bolen. 2002. Cambridge. W. & Spicer. Loss of biodiversity. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali. Mcmillan. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. status.J. 1986. problems and solutions. FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. 1973 2. 1984. UK. Recommended Books: 1. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation.J.
Recommended Books: 1. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages. J. The Works: Anatomy of a City. Government of Pakistan. urbanization in Pakistan. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. V. UK.. 2. Silberstein.. UK. 2004. urban political ecology. management of transport. 1993. Urban planning and management in Pakistan. Ward. Forms of urbanization. 2000. 58 . Sustainable cities. USA. Penguin Group. USA. CRC Press LLC. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. Longman Group. H. Kate. future of urban centers. Islamabad. Urban land use planning and management. 3.. London. Planning and Urban Change. urban landscape characteristics.COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction. C. New York. Introducing Town Planning. E&UA Div. Environmental problems of urban life. G. 4. urban systems and their characteristics.. S. Clara. sanitation.and Maser. 1986. Ministry of Housing and Works. drinking water and solid waste in cities. A. SAGE Publications Ltd. 2007.
J. Practical English Grammar by A. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase.A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. 1997. Exercises 1.Annexure . Thomson and A. a) Functional English Grammar 1. Martinet. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1. Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. Third edition. ISBN 0194313492 59 .V. Oxford University Press.
Writing.J. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good.2. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Third edition. Exercises 2. Upper Intermediate. 1997. Third Impression 1992. Reading. Reading/Comprehension 1. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. intensive and extensive. Fourth Impression 1993. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. minutes of meetings. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. Oxford Supplementary Skills. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. Oxford University Press. and speed reading. Thomson and A. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs.V. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 . unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. Martinet. Oxford Supplementary Skills. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. b) Practical English Grammar by A. ISBN 0 19 453402 2.
Advanced by Ron White. Fourth Impression 1993. c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. Writing.1. content. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. 2.V. language. Fourth Impression 1992. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Exercises 2. Reading. Third Impression 1992. Third edition. Thomson and A. clarity. Advanced. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. descriptive and argumentative writing). Oxford Supplementary Skills. discursive. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. introduction to presentations. Third Impression 1991. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 . ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). ISBN 0 19 453403 0. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. Oxford Supplementary Skills. 2. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. narrative. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. Oxford University Press 1986. Writing. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. b) Writing 1.J. Writing. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Martinet. Practical English Grammar by A. Reading 1. form. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco.
Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. A Custom Publication. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. argumentative and report writing). St. Kirszner and Stephen R. without taxing the taste of engineering students). 2. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. Compiled by norther Illinois University. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. Martin’s Press. Kathleen Shine Cain. Mandell.(particularly suitable for discursive. 3. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. 2004. College Writing Skills by John Langan. descriptive. 62 .
Contemporary Pakistan a. People and Land i. Karachi: Oxford University Press. politics. 1958-71 c. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. Zaidi.Annexure . S. Akbar. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. national development. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. 3. .M. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki. government. 63 Books Recommended 1. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. S. Mehmood. Course Outline 1. 1994. State & Society in Pakistan. Historical Perspective a. Location and geo-physical features. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. 1999 onward 3. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. 2000. Indus Civilization ii.B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. 1977-88 e. 1947-58 b. 2. 1993. Muslim advent iii. Lahore. Society and social structure c. Safdar. Karachi: Oxford University Press. 2. Economic institutions and issues b. 1971-77 d. Study the process of governance. Ethnicity d. 4. Shahid Javed. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. ideological background of Pakistan. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. 1988-99 f. contemporary Pakistan. b.
Muhammad Waseem. 7. Ansar. 1980. Club Road. Haq. Party. 64 . Ziring. Afzal. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Vol. Pakistan Under Martial Law. K. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. nd. Rafique. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. Politics in Pakistan. Washington: American Enterprise. 12. Wayne. 8. Safdar.5. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research.National Movement in Pakistan. Institute of Public Policy Research. 13. 10. Sayeed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Mehmood. 1998. 1976. 11. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia.The Emergence of Banglades. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. History & Culture of Sindh. The Political System of Pakistan. M. I. 9. Khalid Bin. Lawrence. Wilcox. 1980. 14. 6. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective.K. Lahore: Vanguard. Ethno . Islamabad. 1987. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. Aziz. 1967. Tahir. Enigma of Political Development. 1972. Zahid. Noor ul. 1993.. II & III. Political Parties in Pakistan. Karachi: Royal Book Company. Amin.
W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.A.Annexure .Tadabar (Verse No1.19.A.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.56.20) Related to thinking.A.C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.40.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 .21.57. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S. 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.A.58.6.
in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt.
Ahmad Hasan. “Emergence of Islam” . “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. Islamabad (2001) 67 . Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. Bhatia.” Hussain Hamid Hassan. Pakistan.3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. IRI. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. “Studies in Islamic Law. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi.S. International Islamic University. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr.
PWS-Kent Company. 1986. introduction to sets. Boston Swokowski EW.Annexure . relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. Boston 68 . PWS-Kent Company. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. trigonometric identities.D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. cube roots of unity. set operations. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). determinants. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. harmonic progression. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. Wooton W. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. not majoring in mathematics. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Cramer’s rule. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. Houghton & Mifflin. 1987. College Algebra and Trigonometry. types. geometric progression. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. 1978. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. system of linear equations. types of functions. matrix inverse. functions. complex numbers. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. equations reducible to quadratic equations. Sharron S. Beckenback EF. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices.
Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. change of variables in indefinite integrals. Ma. parallel and perpendicular lines. solution of equations involving absolute values. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Boston Thomas GB. 1983. left-hand and right-hand limits. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). differentiation of polynomial. inequalities. PWS-Kent Company. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. Calculus (11th edition). angle between two lines. slope of a line. integration by substitution. New York Stewart J. 69 . distance between a point and a line. equation of a line. 2005. continuous functions. Reading. functions and their graphs. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. distance between two points. not majoring in mathematics. 2005. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. Finney AR. rational and transcendental functions. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. intersection of two lines. various forms of equation of a line. Bevens I. Addison-Wesley.2. Recommended Books: Anton H. John Wiley. 1995. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. Calculus (3rd edition). derivatives. not majoring in mathematics. integration by parts. continuity. Davis S. USA 3.
nature of roots of quadratic equations. : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. set operations. determinants. College Algebra and Trigonometry. 1969 Kaufmann JE. PWS-Kent Company. • Contents 1. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations.Circle: Equation of a circle. PWS-Kent Company. intersection of lines and circles. Cramer’s rule. • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. types of matrices. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. inverse of matrices. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. locus of a point in various conditions. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. system of linear equations. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. circles determined by various conditions. 70 . : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. Introduction to sets. types of functions. equations reducible to quadratic equations. Analytic Geometry. functions. Boston Swokowski EW. Scott. 1987. Freshman and Company. hyperbola. Boston 4. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). 1986. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. ellipse. Conic Sections: Parabola. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic.
E. Measures of dispersion: Range. deciles and percentiles. Wilcox. skewness and kurtosis. 2. quartiles. Latest Edition. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. W. circle and trigonometric functions. discrete and continuous series. bar frequency diagram histogram. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. Latest Edition. 4. cumulative frequency curve. Walpole. Prentice Hall. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. E. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. Boston. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. R.geometric and harmonic progressions. R. individual. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. moments. E. ungrouped and grouped data. array. tally sheet method. Swokowski. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. characteristics of statistics. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. trigonometric identities. PWS-Kent Company. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. Kaufmann. 71 . 3.. Graphs: Graph of straight line. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics... frequency polygon. types of frequency series. standard deviation. relationship of statistics with social science. Latest Edition. J. inter quartile deviation mean deviation.. 2. 5. variance. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. Books Recommended: 1. R.
MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus. John Wiley & Sons. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. Contents 1. Equation of a Line. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. Addison Wesley publishing company. E. and Transcendental Functions. the inverse of differentiation. quotients. Leibnitz’ theorem. Trigonometric Functions. 2002. Boston.Jr. Inc. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. implicit differentiation. W. Continuity. integral inequalities. 2. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . reduction formulae. 11th Edition. 1999. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. Solution of equations involving absolute values. 6. integration using partial fractions. Gleason. Davis. the chain rule. Hughes-Hallett. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. Jhon Willey & Sons. Slope of a Line. S. Calculus Single and Multivariable. Bevens. Prentice-Hall. John H. Inequalities. Recommended Books: 1. Integration by Parts. Rational Functions. 4. Elliott Mendelson. logarithmic integration. H. special points of a function. Calculus. 3rd Edition. 1983. Schaum’s Outline Series. integration by inspection. 2. • Integration Integration from first principles. Rational and Transcendental Functions. 2005. products. Second Edition 1992. Calculus. Inc. 5. Mathews. 4th edition. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. Thomas. Anton. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. plane polar coordinates. McCallum. Swokowski. integration by parts. Least-Squares Line. I. 3.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. logarithmic differentiation. sinusoidal function. 6. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. et al. 2005. infinite and improper integrals. Calculus. substitution method. Extreme Values of Functions. Frank A. applications of integration. Continuous Functions. 8th edition. theorems of differentiation. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits.
inverses of hyperbolic functions. solving hyperbolic equations. alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. geometric series. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. approximation errors in Taylor series. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. complex conjugate.Additions and subtraction. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4. arithmetico-geometric series. multiplication. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. the difference method. series involving natural numbers. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 . convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. identities of hyperbolic functions. division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. modulus and argument. finding the nth roots of unity. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3.
Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals.5. Hermitian. point to plane. masses. Pappus’ theorems. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. moments of inertia. line to line. of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 . 6. orthogonal. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. of a unitary matrix. vector product. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. the inner product. line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7. scalar triple product. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. centers of mass and centroids. symmetric and antisymmetric. unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix.
Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. spherical polar coordinates 75 . div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products.8. combinations of grad. divergence of a vector field.
Pie chart. Median and mode. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. The semi-Interquartile Range. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. The Mode. The Variance and standard deviation. Exercises. Rounding of a Number. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Graphs and their Construction. Discrete and continuous variables. Unit 5. Standardized variables. Exercises. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Poisson and Normal Distribution. Test statistics.Annexure . Sources. Types of frequency curves. level of significance. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. acceptance and rejection regions. definition of outliers and their detection. Data. Change of origin and scale. Unit 2. Diagrams. Collection of primary and secondary data. Exercises Unit 6. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Unit 4. Exercises.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Box and Whisker Plot. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. Difference of means and proportions. Range. Unit 3. Historigram. Observations. probability and non-probability sampling. null and alternative hypothesis. Population. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Bar charts. sampling with and without replacement. Moments and Moments ratios. Significant digits. Probability and Probability Distributions. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. sampling and non sampling errors. Different types of Averages. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Coefficient of variation. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Editing of Data. Type-I and Type-II errors. Unit 7. Exercises. Stem and Leaf Display. Presentation of Data Introduction. bias. sample design and sampling frame. Quantiles. properties of Good Average. Ogive for Discrete Variable. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. Errors of measurement. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Exercises. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Empirical Relation between Mean. The Mean Deviation. Histogram. Absolute and relative measures. Statistical problem. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Exercises. 76 .
Exercises Unit 10. 3rd Ed. r and R2. Exercises. examples. F.Single Population Introduction. 2 Muhammad. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. Kitab Markaz. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. Correlation. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. 77 . Contingency Tables. its estimation and interpretation.Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. 2005.. cause and effect relationships. E. Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. 1982. Regression and Correlation Introduction. simple linear regression. Testing of Hypothesis. R. Inc. “Introduction to Statistics”.Unit 8. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. Coefficient of linear correlation. Macmillan Publishing Co. Unit 11. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. Exercises Unit 9. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. New York.. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples.
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