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For BS MS
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………
6 12 14 50 51
and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. degree awarding institutions. and 36. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees. the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 . therefore. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. the Federal Government vide notification No. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. DR. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic.ALTAF ALI G. respective accreditation councils and stake holders. Lahore. 63. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation. D773/76-JEA (cur. 2009 at the HEC Regional Center. imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge.). broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. The world has turned into a global village. universities and other institutions of higher education. It is.PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. PROF. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. It also aimed to give a basic. R&D organizations. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. dated December 4th 1976.
LI R&D HEC Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREP. OF NCRC. PREP. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI. REC. OF CURRI.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRI. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I PREP. OF DRAFT BY NCRC REVIEW IMPLE. R&D. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. EXP. OF FINAL CURRI. Abbreviations Used: NCRC. UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRI. Preparation 5 . UNI. COL. QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI.
Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2. April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline. Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. Member 6 . Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. Dr.Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre. Member 4. Dr. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. 7. Karachi from 28-30. Following attended the meeting:1. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. Lahore Member 6. Member 5. Rawalpindi Dr. Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr. Dr. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. Member 3. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head. Rawalpindi Dr. Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall.
Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof. Karachi Member 12. Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr.8. Dr. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi. Member 11. Dr. Dr. 13. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr. Member 14. Member 15. Dr. Dr. 7 . Prof. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. Dr. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. Member 10. Prof. Member 16. Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof.
Chairman. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement. Islamabad coordinated the meeting. 8 . compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. Secretary Dr. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. Shafiq-ur-Rehman. Karachi. At first. Member 19. Faisalabad Member 18. Dr. The meeting was opened by Mr. Mr. Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. 1. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. Member 20. Director of HEC Regional Center. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. Mr. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University.17. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. Dr. the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr. Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. 2.
3. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses. The committee thanked Mr. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment.3. The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 . Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. 1. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity. In last few centuries. 5. 2. 4. The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development. The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. 6. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development.
Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science. This committee.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. in its preliminary meeting. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development. This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii. and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5. ii. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 . Apply theoretical understanding. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today. 5. RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems. skills and behaviour patterns. regional and global contexts. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences. Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility.
3. 6. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals. 5. Integrating natural sciences. 1. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level. Sc. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F. with consensus. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. eight semesters in the semester system. A. The medium of instruction.e. pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science. assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science. The 11 . skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English. Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature. 4. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration. 2. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. that: 1. DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee.. UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles. Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i. The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2.
Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. Introductory Economics* 17. Biology –I* 3. Environmental Chemistry 15.proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order. Sociology/Anthropology* 11. Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5. Environmental Pollution 22. Fundamentals of Ecology 20. Environmental Microbiology 21. Introduction to Computer 14. Introduction to Environmental Science 2. Introduction to Earth Science 8. English-I 6. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7. Basic Chemistry* 4. Psychology* . SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1. English-III 18. Climatology* 23. Environmental Physics 16. Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19. English-II 12. Biology –II* 9.
24. 44. ELECTIVE-III 42. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28. Climate Change 38. English-IV/ Univ. Environmental Management Systems 34. 45. Biodiversity & Conservation 35. Natural Resource Management 40. Opt. ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37. Environmental toxicology 27. Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours . Environmental Biotechnology 32. Applied Ecology 26. Environmental Economics 29. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30. Environmental Impact Assessment 39. Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25. Environmental Monitoring 36. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43. Research Methods in Environmental Science 41. 46.
• Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical.
I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life. its importance in human life. 6th Ed. proteins and nucleic acids.L. Wright. D. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts.J. poverty and resource depletion. socio-economic. regional. Environmental Science: working with the Earth. Thomson Learning. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet.DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline. ethical. 2. 10th Ed. history. R. McKinney. L. G. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY . 2007. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development. environmental pollution. 2007. Botkin. biological and social. & Yonavjak. Schoch. Different aspects of environment: physical. The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms. R. and their relationships with various environmental factors. current global. ecological.T. national. Major components of environment: physico-chemical. 2007 3. E. M.. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth. lipids.. & Nebel. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment.M. Environmental Science: systems and solutions. 2002. Recommended Books: 1. Miller.A. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society. 4th Ed. urbanization. philosophical. 15 . Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates.B & Keller. 4. Pearson Educational. John Wiley & Sons. B. Human environment and its problems: global. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. development in industry and agriculture.
Origin of life: chemical evolution. Bulter. C. USA. chemical diversity. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding. origin of metabolism. Crossley. L. carboxylic acids.. McGraw. New York. R. Shier. The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. and Lewis. 3. 5th Edetion. carbonyls. Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell. Lewis. Cells. V. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions.. Nucleic acids. polypeptides in protein diversity. phospholipids in membrane systems. Wadsworth Group. 2003. Study of mitosis in onion root tip. G. Canada. 1. lipids. E. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning. J. Ltd. Structure and the basis of function. 1996. chemical basis of life. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. 2008. lipids. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. protobionts. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Ionic. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. Jones and Bartlett Publishers... The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals. covalent. USA. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods. R. Starr. 16 . M. B. Biology: a Human Emphasis. esters. N.Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. Lingappa. amines). and Whitelaw. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. Plopper. proteins. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa.Hill International Edition. Aromatic compounds. 4. carbohydrates.. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. 2007. 5. Australia . 2. Cell division. USA. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin. Molecular Biology through Questions. D. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus. Introduction to cell biology. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. A. the molecule of genetic information and replication. Self Assessment and Revie. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations. Cassimeris. 8th Ed. 2007. coordinate covalent bond.
West. normal solutions/buffers.S. USA.ions. F. 2003. Understanding Environmental Pollution. straight line and related concepts.. UK.E. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations). minor and cofactor of a matrix. Thin layer chromatography. double angle formulas. values of trigonometric functions. molal.. Sequence and series: Arithmetic. 6th Edition. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry.Special Products (Binomial Expression). P. Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers. EC and TDS in waste water.E. COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra. concepts of six basic trigonometric functions..D.M. Cambridge University Press. 2004. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field.. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula. Canada. 2nd Edition. P. T. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional). Solution chemistry. Measurement of pH. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles.A. Skoog. J.. Freeman and Company. 2004. real line. 2nd Edition. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane. Liss. Use of spectrophotometric techniques.C. 2005. angle-sum formula. Colloids chemistry. Blackwell Science. coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane. Recommended Books: 1. B. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. Hill. and Reid. 3.J. and Holler. 1st Ed. determinants.K. geometric and harmonic sequence. W. D. J. 2004. graphs.J. 4. Algebra of matrices. Harris. Binomial theorem (Simple applications). Photochemical reactions. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. 5. radicals. UK. Osmosis and Dialysis. Surface chemistry. Lab Work Preparation of molar.H. D.. 2. expansion of determinants. M. 17 . Qualitative Chemical Analysis. 8th Edition.. simultaneous equations and their solutions. Thomson and Brooks. series and means. Girard.. Brimblecombe. USA.. D. Column chromatography. Matrices and Determinants: Matrix. Jones and Barlett. equations of lines (linear equations). Jickells. law of Cosines. Andrews.
Thomas. D. 1999. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions.Wesley. G. lineation and unconformities. Earth as a member of solar system. mountain building. Analytical Geometry. 4.B. 10th Ed. earthquakes. Weathering.A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure .Cramer’s Rule. R. by parts integration (simple applications). Calculus and Analytical Geometry.. foliation. Recommended Books: 1. This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals. Narosa Publishing House.B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. faults. difference. Smith. the processes of their formation. Jr. Trignometry for College students. plate tectonics. California. New Delhi. composition and its internal structure. and Finney. age. erosion and related landforms. J. 3. Introduction to sedimentary. Pacific Grove. Introduction to folds. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. its origin. L. K. Addission. weathering and erosion. nonrepeated linear factors. product and quotient rules without derivations). igneous and metamorphic rocks. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure . Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. Chatterjee. earthquakes and volcanoes. joints. 18 . Scott Foresman and Company. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. Fossils and their significance. Chain rule. theorems on differentiation (sum. irreducible quadratic factors.. S. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors. 2. Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography. cleavages. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. 4th Ed. different earth processes like mountain buildings. theorem of integration. Abraham. Integration: Formulas of integration. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation. Introduction to rocks and minerals.
F. R. Recommended Books: 1. 2005. Lamarckism. unicellularity. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms. A. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity. and Monroe. population loss and decline. and Pun. G.. Geological time chart with biodiversity.. Routledge. and Tasa. D. 5th Edition. J. Life in sea. consequences of losing biodiversity. 3rd Edition. biodiversity crises. Foundations of Structural Biology. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification. Biodiversity of canal. Prentice Hall. molecular basis of biodiversity.. Prentice Hall. Biodiversity of deserts. 11th Edition. Darwinism.Identification of rocks and minerals. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water. Lutgens.. Earth Science... COURSE 8 BIOLOGY . modern concepts. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants. measuring biodiversity.. J. 4. multicellularity. Biodiversity of hilly areas. R. 2004. 9th Edition. G. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. 2007 3. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis. protocell formation. animals). 2007 2. F. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation. and Tasa. crucial for organisms’ sustainability. Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life. D. causes of extinction. 19 . Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories.. Tarbuck. Geographical aspects of biodiversity. invasion of life on land. Field Study tour. interactions among diversified life. How Does Earth Work. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. examples of adjustments in varied environment. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat. different classification systems. Lutgens. Physical Geology and Process of Science. E.II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution. K. J.. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species. Brooks/Cole. Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology. Use of brunton compass and GPS. Wicander. 5. Tarbuck. E. Prentice Hall: 2006. Park. Smith.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps. K.
J. 20 .K. power & hegemony. UK. 3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment. P. The Biosphere. 2. UK. Inc. Gaston. I. Bradbury. R. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. C.. and Sustainable Living. K. Conceptualizing environment. (editor). I. Allan & Carter. 2005. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions. (editors). New York: New York University Press. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology. 2nd Edition. Recommended Books: 1. Perspective of human-environment evolution. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. culture and society. Environmental Risks and the Media. 2009. and Spicer. K. 4. UK. Scope and application. Tripartite nature of environment. 2. Consumption. Starr.. 2009. L. C.E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems. Crumley. USA. Understanding the environment-human relationship. 5th Edition. Walnut Creek. and concerns. Use of environment for vested interest. COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure . Adam. 2000. Routledge. Hannen. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. 3. Chronological. Prospect Heights. Blackwell Science Ltd. Biology. Townsend. Biodiversity (An Introduction). CA: AltaMira Press. 2001. 3. Contemporary environment issues and debate. The Ecology of global consumer culture. Culture. Nora and Wilk. a Human Emphasis. Inc. IL:WavelandPress.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. J. New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. 2003. Contemporary environmental status. Wadsworth Group. globalization and environmental issues. Goals and expectations. John Wiley and Sons. 2006.
Selin. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion. Ms-Access.London 1996. K.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure .1999. Fundamentals of computer. Rutledge. Long N.. Courter.BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment. software packages. Software: Application software. Storage hardware. 2003. Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse. Types and classification of computers. Kluwer Academic Publishers.5. Long l. Course Outlines Definition. Local Area Network. 21 .6th Ed. Marquis A. e-mail.H. computer programs and basic applications. Recommended Books: 1. Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures. processing hardware. Ms-Excel. output hardware. Introduction to MS-Word. 6.Microsoft office 2000. After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry.C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components. system software.. G. 2. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered. internet. as are their effects on the biosphere. Hardware: Input Hardware. Configurations. Ms-Power Point. COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure . physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry. Ed. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere. Operating system (Windows). Milton.
M. Transport of pollutants. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants. Solar spectrum. and Reid. J. J. 2nd Edition. J. P. T. Ozone and UV light. 5. USA.D. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer. Banerji Prentice Hall of India. UK. G. C.. Thomson-Brooks. Human perceptions and noise criteria. Hernandez-Esparza. Fundamentals of aquatic. Fate of pollutants in environment. Reducing the transmission of sound. 2004. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light. Liss.Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry. Jickells. India. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. Turbulence. 1999. B. Brimblecombe. 2008. Active control of sound. Springer. Fregoso-Infante.. and Singh. Germany. M.E. Energy conversion. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light. Turbulent jets and plumes. trophic level. Recommended Books: 1. Liquids and Gasses. Entropy. Ibanez.. atmospheric and soil chemistry. Turbulent diffusion. Heat radiation and heat transfer. Environmental Chemistry. Canada. Blackwell Science. Andrews. Environmental Chemistry. Equations of fluid dynamics.J. Nuclear energy. Conversion of mass. Isotopes and radioactive decay. Samir. 2005. its causes and adverse effects on environment. P. K. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts. Ozone chemistry. Electromagnetic radiation. Chemical reactions. Diffusion. their sources and toxic actions... Gaussian plumes in the air. DoriaSerrano.M.T. Environmental impact of various industries. Environmental Science. Radioactivity and nuclear physics. 2. Energy. Measurement and comparison of the 22 . Particle physics. photosynthesis.. 2004.. Miller. Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics.. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems. Solids.. A.G. 1st Edition. 3..E. Girard.S. Sound and Noise. Jones and Barlett.. Basic acoustics. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. 4. interaction of light with matter. COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter. Global climate and climatic change.
Economic development. Economic management and environmental quality. Economic functions of environment. Routledge. economic progress. Physics of the Environment and Climate. Economic Development. Introductory Environmental Physics. Praxis publishing. and Pandis. 2001. 4. Growth and Environment. 23 .. poverty. Seinfeld. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. and Resource allocation. Yusuf. interaction between ecology and economic management. economic growth and its measurement.1998. Measures for sustainable development. population and environmental quality. Man environmental relationship. USA. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. John Wiley and Sons Inc. P. Environmental economics. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. Boeker.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. producer and community point of view. and Van Grondelle. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. E. economic growth. World Bank Publications. Sustainable development. Natural resources and the economy. H. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. 2008. Field visit. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods. J. UK. economic welfare and difference among all. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. Guyot. COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. 3. New York. S. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter. 2. 2008. Impact of economic activity on environment. 7th Ed. 2001. G. Environmental Physics. Pakistan economic context: National income. S. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development. concepts and measurement. Kentucky USA. USA. C. Producer behavior. Recommended Books: 1. Growth and development. N. Recommended Books: 1. Wesely Publishers. 2. Todaro. 2006. USA. M. Smith. Course Outlines Introduction to economics. USA. R. John Wiley and Sons Inc.
community. concepts and approaches. J. role of light. ethics and ecology. 2002. 4. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale.. description of population. R. M. DeVeer.A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems. Hanley. Ecology.. & Pierce. population. USA. International Thomson Publishing. Ecosystem and its types. USA. biogeography. Frodeman. 4. 2009. SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology. D. 2. Recommended Books: 1. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy. Callicott. England. Course Outlines Introduction. World Bank Publications. 24 . 2007. Natural philosophy. Economics.. Environmental philosophy and ethics. Environmental Critics of agriculture. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. levels of ecological organization. Swift. and White. 2008.A. branches of ecology. London. Palgrave Macmillan. water. Russell. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy.3. Farmington Hills. the ethics of soil. J. World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. 3. LLC. N. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. Portland 1967. 2008. Touchstone Books. soil. Introduction to ethical theory. Kessinger Publishing. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy. Shogren. WCIV7AA. temperature. species.V. and systems ecology. community and ecosystem. COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure . Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. C.. its fundamental concepts. B. B. A History of Western Philosophy. B.
productivity of different ecosystems. 5th Ed. Fundamentals of Ecology. B. Odum. role and application of microorganisms in the environment. E P. 2. bacteria and eukarya. 6th Ed. Concepts of Limiting factors. Populations. Ecosystem: structure and function. New Delhi. C. 2001 5. biotic factors. and Barett. G. with special emphasis on their environmental impact. aero-microbiology and food microbiology.Cox. Cambridge University Press. Chapman. Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. aquatic microbiology. COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment.L and Reiss. agricultural and industrial ecosystems. and More. 3. Biomes of the world. WCB/McGraw-Hill. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea. 2000. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems.) Moles.W. M J. 1999 4. UK. population dynamics. UK.topography and air as ecological factors. students will be able to understand the significance. distribution limits. 1st Ed. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). Microbial metabolism. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. After completion of this course. Ecology (concepts and applications. plant geography and animal distribution. characteristics of urban. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. landscape changes and their importance. Population distribution and abundance. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. P. J. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. Thomson Brooks/Cole. Tata McGraw-Hill. landscape ecology. C. Dash. ecological modeling. Lab Work 25 . 1992. New York. Fundamentals of Ecology. various concepts of community. J. N. and S. Ecology (principles and applications). Biogeochemical cycles of C. Systems ecology. Recommended Books 1. community dynamics. 2004. Microbiology of terrestrial environments. Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. habitat and niche. M. M C J 1st ed. King’s College London.
. USA. C. purification and preservation..G.Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection. Manual of Environmental Microbiology..J.J. Peiece. Understanding Environmental Pollution. Academic Press. American Society for Microbiology. 2 Edition.M. G. and Klein. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution. 2007.. Crawford. 3.W. its sources and their effects. nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution. Human & other living organisms. and Stetzenbach. Case Studies. Collection.L.D.M. McGraw Hill Inc. Fuhrmann. New Jersey. 26 . Chemistry of Environmental Pollution. Prescott.. Recommended Books: 1. Hurrst.A.. M.J. USA. Marine & Industrial pollution. peppor.J. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic. USA. J. Water. Microbiology. 2. I.A. transportation & treatments.J. (Elsevier) USA. Prentice Hall. D. Types of Environmental pollution: Air. P. J.. Soil. M. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology.P. W. Hill. 2005. 3.I. Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents. McInernery.A. Pepper.. D. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual.. Butterworth-Heinemann. Noise. 2005.M. 4th Edition. Fate of Environmental Pollutants. and Zuberer. Environmental Microbiology. P. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines. 2009. L.1998. 5. D. and Jeffery. Hartel. Maier. Academic Press.F. isolation. Academic Press. Harley. 1995. 2005. Weiner.K.Gerba. 2002. Cambridge UK. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal. Cambridge University Press. UK. Environmental Pollution and Control. F. Sylvia.B. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel. J.and Brendecke. Solid Waste generation. USA. Effects of Pollutants.P. Dilution plate technique. R.. C. and Gerba. USA. Mean plate count. International Protocols (BASAL Convention). London. Washington DC. 2nd Edition. Pollution Control Strategies. 4.L. 2.C. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water. R.P..and Vesilaind.R. Knudsen. L.V. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally...L. A. Recommended Books 1.
A.. Pandis. A brief historical background and schools of psychology. Four Spheres of the Earth.J. COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems. 2006 5. Lawrance K. Marcel Dekkar.4. Cloud Classification. Austin Miller. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology. Methods of psychology. 1988. 2002. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. John Wiley and Sons. Mechanism of heat transfer.E. Surface winds. American Public Health Association (APHA). concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. Climatology. 2003. local winds. Radiation and climate. Weather and Climate.M. The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan. COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences. 5. Factors affecting air Pressure. air pressure. Sadder. Spyros. 6th Edition. Lutgens. Heat and the Earth's atmosphere. Royal book company.. Recommended Books: 1.W. Environmental psychology. Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). 2. 3. 27 . John H.2nd Editions.F. global circulation. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications. Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided. K. Solar radiations. The climate of Pakistan. . processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. Karachi. Tarbuck. The Physics of Atmospheres. Cambridge University Press. Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere. N.. The Hydrologic cycle. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . condensation and cloud Formation. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment.K. Houghton J. 4. The Atmosphere. climatic zones of Pakistan. Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History. 1992..From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. Shamshad.
Restoration of derelict lands. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. Water and distribution of species. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. Ecological restoration. London. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan. their management and ecological restoration.W. sustainable agriculture. Routledge. soil salinity and water logging. Greene. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine. Eysenck. Water as an ecological resource. P. 1992.. Recommended Books: 1. carbon dioxide and global climate change. techniques and methods of restoration. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. species response to pollutants.D. Soil as a natural resource. Course Outline Introduction. Sustainable livestock management practices. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts.characteristics and research methods. Pollution control through Ecology. Environmental Psychology. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species. concepts.. energy and carbon balance. threats and mitigation. M. 5th Edition. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. Ecology of food production. COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. soil resources of Pakistan. Routledge. limitation of irrigated agriculture. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture. Future water scenario of Pakistan. and Baum A.A. Fisher J. Fundamental of Psychology. T. CRC Press. Sustainable agricultural practices. London. 2. Background and scope. CRC Press. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. High population density and psychological impacts. Bell. solar radiation and primary production. 2001. 28 . basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. Environmental perception and cognition. rivers. Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation.C. soil erosion and conservation.
Foundations of Restoration Ecology. Studies in Pakistan Geography. toxicology of chemicals. Determination of Interaction of chemicals. their containment and control strategies.. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents. toxicity screening using microbial systems. 1989. K. Fundamentals of Ecology. and Barett. Potentiation and Addition.P. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. Lahore. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals. dose response relationship in living organisms.W. Falk. Israr-ud-Din. Determination of chemicals in biological samples. Organs. Shirkat Gah. A. Pakistan’s Environment. Blackwell Scientific Publications. toxins vs toxicants. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History. Toxicity: Types and its measurement. USA. Zedler.. Newman. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications. terminologies: Poisons.1998. 3. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic.A. E. 4. in vivo & in vitro assays. soil and air samples. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals. P. 5. Rashid. 2004.. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system. G. Mumtaz. 2000 2. biological effects. 5th Edition. Immunological considerations in toxicology. Islamabad. Margaret A. Chemical interactions and their types. 29 . Peshawar.. Odum E. K and Habib. R. J. B. A. on human and other living organisms. and Memon. Island Press. water and soil. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. Soil Science. 2006. from natural and anthropogenic sources.National Book Foundation. Thomson Brooks/Cole. Oxford. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures. Synergism. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water. toxins & toxicants. 1996. University of Peshawar.S.I. 2nd ed. J. and Hobbs.Recommended Books: 1. D. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management.
valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis. Economic: agriculture. topographic zones. 1996. measuring environmental benefits. COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development. Macmillan Press Ltd. CRC Press Llc.Recommended Books 1. international trade and the environment.Science of Poisons . 1992. industry. 1st Edition. Environmental Profile of Pakistan. 5th Edition.2005 2. 2005 2. 1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development. Ecological: ecological zones. the economic benefits of different environmental resources. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York.M. T and Turner. State of the Environment-Pakistan . Ballantyne. Course Outlines Introduction to history. USA.). Klassen. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology. education. culture. economic development and the environment. urbanization and pollution. First and Second law of Thermodynamics. Recommended Books: 30 . Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. General and Applied Toxicology. economic aspects of different environmental problems. W.. Vol. M. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann. 1st Edition. McGrawhill. major ecosystems. USA. 1993. the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements. clean development mechanism. Recommended Books 1. people. (ed. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement. 3. health. geography. P.D. Williams.1 & 2. Course Outlines Introduction. B. Government of Pakistan. USA. pollution control-a general model. land. W. the economy and the environment. 3. water resources. Hughes.
Conductivitymetry. J. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. C. Skoog. Thomson and Brooks. BOD.and Field. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction.K. D. COD.D. handling. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling. C. Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH. Use of Potentiometery. Sparrow and D. USA. Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory. New York. Turner. Environmental Economics.2004. L.2002. A. 3. Harris. 2.R. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery.. D. soil (NPK and organic matter contents. 8th Edition. K. Lab Work S.. Oxford. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Analytical techniques for soil. preparation and storage. and derived S. Johns Hopkins University Press.I. D. Environmental Economics: An Introduction. 2. 1999. 2000. M.. NO3–N & NH4-N). 1993.W. Freeman & Co. Australia. COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve. water and plant analysis.C. Sample preservation methods. 6th Edition. All Solids. I. Field. Gravimetery. B.. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. Oxford University Press. Peverill. M. Conductivitymetry.. Reuter. 3. Pearce.. salinity & sodicity). and F. West. Holler.A. Collingwood. Fluoride.UK. Spectroscopy and Chromatography. 2005.L. Biomarkers in environmental assessment. Standard solutions and standard curves. 31 . Recommended Books: 1. Titrimetery. Gravimetery. 4. precision and accuracy.1.K. 2003. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive. D. and Batemen.J. Titrimetery. Data interpretation for quality control. Qualitative Chemical Analysis.I. units. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin. Sample collection. CSIRO Publ. Kolstad.
2005. and application of biotechnology in the environment. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd. New York. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures. England. 5th Ed. Tools in environmental biotechnology. Scragg. and Russel. Derbre. Hans- Joachim. Smith. 2007. Cambridge University Press. USA. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques.W. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems. Germany. J. J. 3. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms.. 2005.COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments. New York. Biomarkers. Government of Pakistan. W. Introduction to microbial kinetics. COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 . USA. D. Isolation. Biotechnology. Course Outlines Introduction. 2001.living organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution. Sambrook. (ed.P. and Josef.).D. Recombinant DNA technology.1999. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns. Wiley-VCH Verlag. Recommended Books 1. purification and preservation of DNA. 2nd Ed. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. A. 4. Bioreactors. After completion of this course. Environmental Biotechnology. USA. Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants. J. 2009. Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques. students will be able to understand the significance. PCR. Oxford University Press. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment.. National Biotechnology Commission. Biosensor. Chichoster.E. National Biosafety Guidelines. 2.
Guilfoud press New York. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. 2. V. Image Processing. A. John Wiley and Sons. 2009. 1999. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. Mc Graw Hill Education. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. map projection and coordinate systems. Aerial photography. 2000. 5. history and platforms. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. Inc. Pearsons Education.Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. analysis and output. Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. Types of data used in GIS. Rancez. Z. 4. 3. Cartography. Inc. Harvey. Introduction to Photogrammetry. Energy Sources. Lulla. K and L. Inc. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). Forestry. Data entry and output. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. Agriculture. Interpretation. Dessinov. Active and Passive remote sensing. F. R. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). Jensen. COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . Using and reading GPS in field. History and data collection. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. Preparation of thematic maps. Campbell. John Wiley and Sons. Satellite Imageries. Data acquisition. 2008. Introduction to GIS. Fishery and wildlife. A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. 2000. eradication of the duplicated data. integration of information from many sources. Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission. Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. advantages and limitations of process. Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. Different types of maps. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1.
EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. American Society for Quality.This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits. Course Outlines Introduction. Methods of environmental protection.. M. Systems and Support Techniques.C. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management. threats to biodiversity. M. 4. hot spots of biodiversity. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production. ecological. Conservation of biodiversity. eco-design. need and approach. Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor. 2001. 2006. Environment and sustainable development.. philosophical. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. and Qasim. Khan. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). 2. standards and guidelines.). F. etc. Environmental Management tools.3rd Edition . types of biodiversity. A. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. social and ethical values of biodiversity. plant. economic.2nd Ed. and Yoxon. cleaner technologies. Michigan. 34 . Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles. COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS).. 3. 1998. 2005. threats to biodiversity and its conservation. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. Environmental Management Systems Principles. animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan. Related Environmental legislation. Environmental aspects and impacts. International Organization for Standardization. principles of Cleaner production. American Society for Quality. Certification of EMS. alpha and beta diversity. Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1. B. WWF Pakistan. Sheldon. Environmental Economy.
role of traditional knowledge in conservation. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora. P. 2000. Kings College. Cox. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme. Conservation of wildlife. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. 35 . Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes. quality assessment. population. sampling and design purposes. international agreements. laboratory custody. conservation strategies. Saad Printers. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city.. Considerations. C. Preservation methods including pH control. chemical addition. air.R. London. field custody. P. Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures. and Morre. their categories. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing. quality control sampling.B. A Primer for Conservation Biology. protected areas. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan. Associates Inc. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques. habitats. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring.. Course Outlines Introduction. 2000.. Sunderland. Rawalpindi. Legal protection of species. 2. presampling requirements/information. conservation and livelihood. 3. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan.D. role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. forests. national and international laws and regulations. Biogeography. NOC for plant operation. Lab Work Sampling techniques (air. community and ecosystem level. Quality assurance and quality control. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i. Mirza. management. croplands. Recommended Books: 1. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. conservation in man-made ecosystems. 2ndEd. Sinauer. in-situ and ex-situ conservation. Z. design and types of samples. 1998. Publ. Lahore). Biological indicators for environmental monitoring. soil and living organisms. ecotourism.B. refrigeration and freezing methods. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment.e. EIA requirement. plants. cities. water.B.conservation at species.
Remote Sensing Note. 8. . 2002. H. extinctions. altered community structure. (eds. USA. Regional droughts and 36 . USA. Keith. 2008. R. Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate. 7. Earth Observation of Global Change. Forstner U. Ozone depletion. Recent Climate Change Indicators. regional. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. and social factors contributing to climate and global change.Recommended Books: 1. COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change. E. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention. Chapman and Hall. 2. F. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course. S. agriculture. Lewis Publisher London. Moisture in the Atmosphere. Murai. Air Pollution and Acid Rain.. Peakall. Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change. Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. The Measurement of Climate Change. 6. and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts. 1992. Patterns in Winds and Pressure. 2nd Edition. (ed) Springer. I. Environmental Chemistry. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide. 3. 2008. USA. McKlivie. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. phenological changes.1999. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local.. and Guethner. Japan Association on Remote Sensing. Chuviero. Tokyo. E. biological. human health. Energy and Temperature. Physical. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data. its causes and effects. Burden.) McGraw-Hill. New York. chemical. L. Human responses to potential climate change.1996.USA. 2000. N. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. S. UK. 2002. Korte. Manahan. Precipitation. D. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. D. 5.
Causes. Main stages in EIA process. R. 3. liquid. impact analysis. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan. solids. and Solutions. London.. John Wiley & Sons. Types & Resources to produce Energy. J. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T.T. 2. Effects.. 37 . Therivel.(ed). and noise. Sringer.cataclysmic climate change. 2000. review of EIA quality.. Ministry of Housing and Works. Glasson. J. public involvement. Harrop. and Solutions. D. screening. 1994. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. Climate Change . and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction. EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice. EIA project management. Blackwell. J. 4. 2005. Effects. 1999. & Nixon. 3. Recommended Books: 1. Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2).. overview. Global Change and the earth system. Hardy. social impact assessment (SIA). COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project. 5. Oxford. 2003. National Book Foundation. 4. A. 2004.O. T. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels. Islamabad.. (ed. and Chadwick. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach.).A. Routledge. Islamabad. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. 1986. law. role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis. Cost and benefits of EIA. A... reporting. Climate Change . Global Warming and Climate Change. Hardy. Keith. Houghton. 2. 6. J. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. 1st Edition. 2005. John Wiley & Sons. Recommended Books: 1. J. Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems. London. principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society. 2003. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. project implementation and follow up. mitigation and impact management.Causes. Earthscan Publication Ltd. scoping. Petts. decision-making to implement the project. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts. 2005. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment.
B. their current status and threats. Rangeland Management: existing status. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level. 38 . USA. limitation in the future. 2nd Edition.. national agriculture policy. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. Everitt. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. R. COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification. Goldsmith. R. agriculture products and their share in GDP. Watershed management: Importance basic principles. requirement. process and contents of the management plan. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. A.. & McCabe. Conservation in Progress. wind power and nuclear power. 6. John Willey & Sons. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. solar power. 1993. methodologies. EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual. New York. management options. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan. Types. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level. threat and its causes. J. Ludwig. 1997. Asian Development Bank. forest types and its existing management. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources... (ed. M. national and provincial legislation. existing management approaches. their pros and cons. Evans. problem in agriculture.). United Nations Environment Programme.5.. agriculture chemicals. wildlife census. national example. threats.B and Warren. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area. management options. Development of Management Plan: needs. B. Sadler. and Tu. S. Lohani.. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies.. causes and methods for its improvement. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy. 2002. occurrence and distribution of natural resources. best available option for future. Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. Recommended Books: 1. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia. Carpenter. importance. effective management. F. H. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources.
. John Wiley & Sons. 1992. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). How to put things together? Introduction. GOP and IUCN. Sage CA. Methodology. 2007. and Jorqensen. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem. Environmental Conservation. Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. Thousand Oaks. Case Studies. V. Elsevier. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data. Research Design & Research Methods. and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research.A pre-requisite for Research.F. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design. Review of Literature. Interviews. Surveys. & Plano Clark. New York. Creswell. concepts and terminologies. 1984. research methods. R. Review of Literature. Islamabad. Dasmann. W. Search Engines. Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison). to introduce students to research design. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. USA. 5.L. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1. 1990. London. Scientific Methods. S. population and sampling frames. Research Proposal: its importance . types of sampling design/. 3.E. 39 . Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. Material Methods.1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study. Experimental Research. Hansen. P. Sampling: the logic of sampling.2. Inference based on findings. Questionnaire. Literature Search: Database. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods. Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf. 4. Scientific Research: Science.Amsterdam. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically. Selecting the Research Method.E. Objectives. Bibliography. J.
3rd Edition. The Craft of Research by Wayne C.h. Belmont California. Students project in Environmental Science. Qadar. Moriarty.USA. Babbie.. 2nd Edition.2. 2000. and Arhonditsis. 4. 2008. 3.. 2001. Wadsworth Publishing Company. Law Books House. 5. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance. M. 1997. Sage Publishers. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 . Marilyn F. Chichester. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans. 2003. National Conservation Strategy 5. Government of Pakistan 3. 2. USA.. 6. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act. Survey Research Methods.S. 2001 and the rules of business made there under. Writing Science Through Critical Thinking. 1989. SNBP Local Government Ordinance. Robert Yin. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan. S. R. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development. 2003. Recommended Books: 1. Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules.Batty. regulations made there under. USA. of Chicago Press. John and sons Ltd. England. G.. E. Booth. 1997. Univ. National Environmental Policy 4.Harrad. Diamon.
This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45
POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46
RESEARCH PROJECT/ INTERNSHIP
E-I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY
To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,
5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.
3. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. Mirajuddin Publication . N. Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization. with drinking water facilities like springs. climate change and its impacts on our future water resources. pollution aspects. like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. and Qamar. (eds. Ahmed.K.. Ahmed. U. SDPI Oxford University Press. 1993. Pakistan . Recommended Books: 1. Course Outlines Water resource and its management.. Islamabad. Khan. A. flood and droughts. 2006. Indus Water Accord 1991. 2. flood and drought management. I. and Tortajada. recycling and re-use of wastewater. Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia. K. Lahore. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment. precipitation distribution in Pakistan. water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan. it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects. watershed/catchment.. hydrological cycle. Groundwater Resources of Pakistan.. 2006. Bengali. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan. water supply and demand management measures. The Politics of Managing Water.Varis.1993. O.). R. 5. Islamabad. Biswas. 4.Lahore. tubewells. Oxford University Press Karachi. A. improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency. R.). Asia Printer. water quality and quantity aspects. (ed. Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. integrated water resources management (IWRM).. and Malik. fisheries management. 6. Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant. J. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry. Revised & enlarged edition. P. groundwater exploitation. 2005. Briscoe. virtual water. wetlands resources management.. Oxford University Press New Delhi. A. Pakistan.E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan. Cheema. 2003.. C. Mirajuddin Publication . 44 . N. Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT).
Process and outcome. USA. NJ. Factors and processes of soil formation. and Weil. Course Outlines Introduction. Bashir. PrenticeHall. 1. R. Brady. Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. Soil forming minerals. future of urban centers. urban patterns and ecosystem functions. D. urban flora and fauna.C.. 45 . NJ. Cation and anion exchange. Urban ecosystem. N. Soil buffering capacity and its importance. Academic Press. 11th Edition. 2008. 2007. Definition. Course Outlines Introduction. R. the salient features of urban environments. National Book Foundation. 1996. Urbanization. Soil degradation. E.W. Miller. soils. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. USA. CA. Gardiner. Upper Saddle River. USA. urban political ecology. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations. San Diego.. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. Hillel. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. humans as components of urban ecosystems. Physical and chemical properties of soil. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. urban settlements. hydrological processes. urbanization in Pakistan. Islamabad. Types and properties of parent materials. Prentice Hall. transport. Upper Saddle River. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization. management and green productivity. Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils. Soils in Our Environment. D. urban landscapes characteristics.R. residential mobility and the neighborhood change. and Bantel. Soil Science. Pakistan. R. Forms of urbanization. Causes of urbanization. After completion of this course.E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. 2007.T.
Justification for planning for city management. Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments. USA. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level. USA. 2000. UK. Hejny. 4. Kate. Planning and Urban Change. The Ecology of Urban Habitats. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans. 2004. 46 . 3. D. A. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. J. S. H. 1. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems.. 2007. New York. The Works: Anatomy of a City. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. V.1990. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. Planning theories and concepts. C. 2.. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city. Chapman and Hall. S. I. UK. Elements of urban planning. SBS academic publishing. 2004. London. Silberstein.S. Sukopp.and Maser. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation. Routledge.L. Gilbert. Levels of planning. M.. Penguin Group.Recommended Books: Urban Ecology. 1989.. City Design for Sustainable Development.and Kowaril. Hough. Types of Urban Plans. London. 2009. Scope. nature and purpose of urban planning. 2006. M. CRC Press LLC. Springer. UR. Hague. 5. Ward. Planning and its relationship with other professions. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability. SAGE Publications Ltd. Land use planning theories. Aims and Objectives of planning. Smith. The planning process. Principles of planning. nd 2 Edition. Routledge. New trends in planning and city management. E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. 2. Recommended Books: 1.. UK. O. Alberti.
1993. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). Introducing Town Planning. It discusses a wide range of aspects. 4. Prediction. Flooding. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research. UK. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms. 47 . Kates. Westview Press. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies. 2nd Edition. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. G. Longman Group.F. Different approaches and Indicators. Recommended Books: 1. 1993. Disaster as an opportunity for development. and White G. 2. Flood Management: Organizational Role. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson.. Manila.W. D. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters. New York. Earthquake Management. Earthquake.W.. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures.e. 4. It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. Political factors. Paris. Landslide. Cultural factors. and Woodrow. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N. Hazards. The Guilford Press. Chapman & Hall.UNESCO. Government of Pakistan. Natural cycles and their role.. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization. R.J. 1991.3. 1989. P. Clara..B. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches. The Environment as Hazard Burton I. Physical factors. 3. ADB. Ministry of Housing and Works. Socio-economic factors. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum. Natural Disasters Alexander.. 1986. Role of Media in Disaster Management. M. Boulder . Techniques and methods to assess hazard.. H. Islamabad.. i. Disaster Management: Components of management. International phenomenon.. E&UA Div. Disaster Management Trainings and Policies. 1993. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made. New York.
Oxford University Press / Oxfam America. energy resources of Pakistan. Ecological concept in crop and food production. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. sustainable energy management. Quorum Books. types. decomposers. consumers. Perry R.A. uses. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life. environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources. and Mushkatel. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet.5. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources. New York.M. Farming practices for pests and weeds control. 2001. Consumer and producer relationship.B and Keller. E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment. solar.. biomass resources. F. M. Schoch. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems. L. Deforestation for agricultural purposes. 1983. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem. 2007. energy resources. 6. merits and demerits of wind. McKinney. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. USA. Disasters and Development Cuny. primary producers. D. R. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. Biotic structure.H. 1. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers.. Course Outlines Energy-development and environment. Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem. Agroecology. E. alternate energy resources. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources.W. 3. 2007.. 1984. 2. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. Westport. John Wiley and Sons. A. OECD/IEA. 6th Edition. Sustainable livestock management. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. 4th Edition.C. hydropower. local. Botkin. and Yonavjak. Paris. Phytoremediation and bioremediation. 48 . Effect of pollutants on plants and animals.L.
R. CBS Publishers and Distributors. Altreri.Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram. Study of stratification and profile diagram. 3. E-11 Seminar 49 . R. 2. Corol.Determination of density and abundance of plant species. C.G. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity. Yandermeer J. Recommended Books: 1. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species.A. USA. Boulder. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species. 2000.H. USA. Westview Press. P. Study of index of diversity. McGraw Hill Publishing Company. New Delhi. Experimental Plant Ecology. M. New York. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity.P. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture. 1995..M. Kapur. and Rossel. 1990. India. and Sudha. Agrocology.
the Committee agreed on the following principles. The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization. 3. that: 1. The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines. 5. 50 . The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. 4. 2. The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science. availability of the faculty and other facilities. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor.
22. 4. 3. 19. 2. 16. 7. 11. 5. 18. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. 26. The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. 6. 11. 25. 3. 2. 9. 12. 20. 12. 10. 8. 21. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 . 8. 7. 17. 4. 6. 15. 9. 13. 23.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1. 24. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. 14. 10. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 5.
Draft National Environmental Policy. Islamabad. Carrying capacity and sustainable development.A. S. F. GOP and IUCN. Hodder and Stoughton. Oxford University Press. S. 2. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment. 52 .T.. 4. S. Environment People and Economy. Ball.1991. 3. Treaties. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall. technology and resource use.1994. Amsterdam.. Mackenzie J. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences. NCS. 1987. Hansen. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space. Conservation Strategies. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan. Relationship of culture. 3. Geography of Pakistan.1995. Recommended Books: 1. development of concepts.S.F.. D. Provincial and Local Strategies. status of Terrestrial. Instruments and methods. 1992. and Bell. FURTHER READINGS 1. Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems. Elsevier. COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). P. Environmental control Policies.1994.E. London. WCS. 2. Regional and International Environmental Issues.DETAILS OF M. Oxford University Press. 1991. Karachi. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan. London Black Stone Press Ltd. and Jorqensen. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future... Khan K.E. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan. 2nd Edition. Conventions and Protocols in Global. Mackenzie. Money.
UK. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants. 2. Wood. opportunities and issues. England. economic impact assessment. Longman House. sampling rules. Chichester. Gas Chromatography etc. DC. Principles of physical. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. World Bank. A. COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. Recommended Books: 1. John Wiley & Sons. Environmental Chemical Analysis. F & Bronstein. 1995. 1995. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements. Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. Assessment of environmental impacts. C. social impact assessment. WB. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery. Harlow Essex. 2. Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment. procedures and methods of EIA. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. Recommended Books: 1. role and importance. FURTHER READINGS 1.COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction. Demographic impact assessment. Environment Department. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. ecological impact assessment. process.A. Wastewater. Longman Scientific and Technical. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. Case Studies and review. sample collection and preservation. 3. Ministry of Environment. Burnt Hill. Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Ahmed. 53 . Sectoral guidelines for EIA. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. History. 1993. Ed. K. Government of Pakistan. D. Environmental auditing. Washington. Air and Solid Waste. Cost benefit analysis of projects. Environmental and Social Impact assessment. A one Publishers Lahore. ed.. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition).Vanclay.
Caeneross. Ergonomic and Safety. New York. work breakdown structure. 4. T. air borne. London. specific objectives. Environmental Health Engineering. Project Management: A Managerial Approach.COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project. Defining Project objectives.. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). UK. Accident prevention and safety plans. 1997. A.. Project Planning. Meredith J. food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. means of verification. communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne.. Park.. Need identification. 2001. and Guidotti. T. USA. J. 5. R. Reasons for Project success or failure. Resource Mobilization. 1st Ed. Public health concept. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). feasibility study. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation.. 3. T. B. Recommended Books: 1. Inc. MS Project Recommended Books: 1. Prentice Hall International Inc. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. Van Nostrand and Reinhold. 1st Ed. prevention and control. indicators. Kjelllström. Yassi.. Oxford University Press New York. Project Initiation. Writing Project Proposal. Project Planning and Approval Processes. 2nd Ed. L. 1998. principles and practices. S. 1992. Wiley Interscience. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. A Guide to Project Management.. development objectives. 2002. Basic Environmental Health. Project Life Cycle. assumptions. safety techniques. USA. Occupational Health: problems and issues. T. and Wright. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. 2. outputs... COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems. inputs. Nebel. John Wiley and Sons. 1993. Lippmann. R. J. M/S Banarsid. M. economic evaluation. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic. Primary health care services. 2. Project Management Institute. K. activities. 54 . de Kok. Government Policies and Programs. Mantel s. Planning Commission Performas. 1st ed.2000.
ISO Central Secretariat. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. non-renewable and renewable. principles and elements of the process of EMS. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal. and Yonavjak. 6th Edition.A. 1990b. Paris.M. Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms. nuclear) local. merits and demerits of wind. L. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). 55 . alternate energy resources. gas. 3. R. solar. Principles of cleaner production. bio-energy resources. John Wiley and Sons. 2001. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. Botkin. USA. Michigan-January 2001. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. Environmental Auditing. transport. petroleum. energy resources of Pakistan. Recommended Books: 1. OECD/IEA. 2. data collection and interpretation. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. St Luise Press. McKinney. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. Schoch. ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family. uses. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). Environmental auditing. 1998. 2. Sayre. 2007. industry and domestic sectors. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. D. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. Sources of data. types. Switzerland. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor. Paris. M. energy resources.B and Keller. 4th Edition. Related Environmental regulations.COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. D. sustainable energy management for agriculture. 3. 4.L. Recommended Books: 1. E. hydropower.. 2007. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management.
Maarel. ED. Chichester. 2005.COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. 2003. Climate change and food production. vegetation dynamics. types of climate change models. Plant Ecology. Hardy. and Solutions. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. human activities and vegetation dynamics. Houghton. global aspects of plant ecology. K. 5. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics. 4. J. 1st Edition. Plant population dynamics. UK 1991.). B & Jager.T. John Wiley & Sons. Vegetation Ecology Ed. resources and plants.. Beck. Recommended Books: 1. etc. Blackwell Publishing. E. forests. 2004. Berlin. 2. Introduction to Plant Population Biology. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press.Causes. climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. plant invasions. Life history strategies of plants. Blackwell Publishing. Green House Gases. Hardy. John Wiley & Sons. E & Muller-Hohenstein. 2005. survival and extinction. types and their climatic effects. 1. Oxford. 2003. Earthscan Publication Ltd. UK. 2. Warrick. Effects. Recommended Books: 1. geographical and temporal patterns. Climate Change . J. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. Silvertown. Oxford UK. 3. Effects. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Modeling of climate change. D. water resources. ECOPE 29. D. 56 . Springer. Species richness. & Charlesworth. J. Climate Change and Ecosystems. London. John Wiley & Sons. The Green House Effect. T. and Solutions..D. Climate Change .Causes. 3. plant conservation. management and restoration. 2005. competition and coexistence. COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. 2005. Shulze. (Ed.
Primack. Recommended Books: 1. Status of forests in Pakistan. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity. 1998. Extinction of species. Participatory forest management. E. Oxford. their types and role in conservation. 3. Roberts. distribution. distribution and management. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. Recommended Books: 1.) Gaston. Publishers Sunderland. FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. Sinauer Assocaites. UK. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation. London. & Spicer. Forests. 5.D. W.G.A. Blackwell Publsihing. Oxford. their ecological and economic importance.J. 3. 1986. Roberts. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. biological diversity. T.J. Global and national biodiversity. deforestation and its control. 1973 2. Weddell. Biodiversity: An introduction. 2. & Ripley. 2004. Wildlife of Pakistan. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. Oxford University Press. Essentials of Conservation Biology.L. USA. II).J. Rangeland management. Protected areas. 57 . laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan. K. kinds. COURSE 11 WILDLIFE. Forest plantations. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity. S. problems and solutions. status. 4. J. Protected areas in Pakistan.J. types. distribution. 2002. Wetlands. its causes. Cambridge. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali. Principles of Wildlife Management. habitats and ecosystems. J. Oxford University Press. And Bolen. S. management. Sustainable forest management. Cambridge. Oxford. types. Mcmillan. UK. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management. John Wiley And Sons. Consumptive. Threatened animals and plants. R. Inc.COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction. Robinson. 1984. Conserving Living Natural Resources. Oxford University Press. 1992. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. threats and conservation. Bailey. I). B. 2002.B.(2nd Ed. Establishment and management of protected areas. Loss of biodiversity. Wildlife Ecology and Management. Protection and restoration of species. their importance. T. Cambridge University Press.
H. drinking water and solid waste in cities. Ministry of Housing and Works. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. UK. E&UA Div. V. C. G. Recommended Books: 1. management of transport.and Maser. 58 . Silberstein. 2004. urban systems and their characteristics.COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction. UK. Government of Pakistan. 4. New York. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages. urban landscape characteristics. Kate.. The Works: Anatomy of a City. future of urban centers. Penguin Group.. SAGE Publications Ltd. CRC Press LLC. Planning and Urban Change. Sustainable cities.. Longman Group. USA. Urban planning and management in Pakistan. urban political ecology. J. 1986. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. 3. Introducing Town Planning. sanitation. 1993. Environmental problems of urban life. 2000. urbanization in Pakistan. 2007. A. S. Islamabad. London. Urban land use planning and management. Clara. Forms of urbanization. Ward. 2. USA..
A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. Thomson and A.Annexure . ISBN 0194313492 59 .J.V. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. Third edition. a) Functional English Grammar 1. Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. Oxford University Press. Exercises 1. Practical English Grammar by A. Martinet. 1997. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1.
Fourth Impression 1993. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. Martinet.J.V. Third Impression 1992. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. Oxford Supplementary Skills. minutes of meetings. Oxford University Press.2. 1997. intensive and extensive. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 . Reading/Comprehension 1. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Upper Intermediate. b) Practical English Grammar by A. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. and speed reading. Reading. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. Writing. Third edition. Thomson and A. Exercises 2.
Advanced. Third Impression 1992. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 . Writing.J. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Martinet. Oxford Supplementary Skills. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. form. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. descriptive and argumentative writing). Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. Practical English Grammar by A. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. Exercises 2. introduction to presentations. language. Third Impression 1991. Writing. Oxford University Press 1986. clarity. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. Advanced by Ron White. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. content. b) Writing 1. Thomson and A. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin.1. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. 2. Fourth Impression 1992. Oxford Supplementary Skills. discursive. 2. narrative. Third edition. Reading.V. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Writing. Fourth Impression 1993. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Reading 1.
Mandell. Compiled by norther Illinois University. 2. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. argumentative and report writing). Kathleen Shine Cain. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. A Custom Publication.(particularly suitable for discursive. 3. Kirszner and Stephen R. Martin’s Press. St. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. descriptive. without taxing the taste of engineering students). 2004. College Writing Skills by John Langan. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. 62 .
Akbar. Karachi: Oxford University Press. 2000. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. Historical Perspective a. 1958-71 c. . b. politics. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. government. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki. 1977-88 e. Lahore. State & Society in Pakistan. 2.Annexure . Muslim advent iii. 2. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. Shahid Javed. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. 4. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. People and Land i. 1971-77 d.M. Location and geo-physical features. ideological background of Pakistan. contemporary Pakistan. 63 Books Recommended 1. 3. 1993. 1947-58 b. 1999 onward 3.B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. 1988-99 f. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. Study the process of governance. Indus Civilization ii. 1994. Mehmood. national development. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. Contemporary Pakistan a. Zaidi. Ethnicity d. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Society and social structure c. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. S. Course Outline 1. S. Economic institutions and issues b. Safdar.
Party.5. 1987. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia. 13. 11. 9. 1972. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 14. Sayeed. Ethno . Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. Lahore: Vanguard. History & Culture of Sindh. The Political System of Pakistan. I.K. Wayne. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. Tahir. 1993. Karachi: Royal Book Company. Islamabad. Institute of Public Policy Research. Political Parties in Pakistan.. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. Ziring. 1976. 1980. 8. Aziz. Amin. 1998. Noor ul. 7. Muhammad Waseem. 10. Ansar. Zahid. Khalid Bin.The Emergence of Banglades. Lawrence. 1967. M. Mehmood. 6. Washington: American Enterprise. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Vol. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies.National Movement in Pakistan. Wilcox. Club Road. 64 . Pakistan Under Martial Law. Afzal. nd. Enigma of Political Development. 12. Haq. K. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. Rafique. II & III. Politics in Pakistan. 1980. Safdar.
Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.6.A.A.21.57.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.A.40.19.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.56.A.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 .C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.Tadabar (Verse No1.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.58.20) Related to thinking.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.Annexure . 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.
in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt.
3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. Ahmad Hasan.” Hussain Hamid Hassan. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. Bhatia. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. International Islamic University. “Studies in Islamic Law. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi.S. IRI. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. Islamabad (2001) 67 . Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. “Emergence of Islam” . “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. Pakistan.
Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). PWS-Kent Company. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. introduction to sets. determinants. complex numbers. not majoring in mathematics. College Algebra and Trigonometry. functions. 1987. Boston 68 . Houghton & Mifflin. Cramer’s rule. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. types of functions. equations reducible to quadratic equations. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. geometric progression.D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. 1978. harmonic progression. cube roots of unity. Sharron S. Boston Swokowski EW. matrix inverse. trigonometric identities. set operations. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. 1986.Annexure . relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. types. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. system of linear equations. PWS-Kent Company. Wooton W. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. Beckenback EF. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students.
John Wiley. Davis S. slope of a line. change of variables in indefinite integrals. equation of a line. continuous functions. Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. Finney AR. 69 . 2005. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. inequalities. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. not majoring in mathematics. distance between two points. not majoring in mathematics. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. USA 3. differentiation of polynomial. New York Stewart J. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. integration by substitution. continuity. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines.2. Bevens I. integration by parts. functions and their graphs. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. 1995. intersection of two lines. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. Boston Thomas GB. left-hand and right-hand limits. derivatives. distance between a point and a line. 1983. parallel and perpendicular lines. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. various forms of equation of a line. Addison-Wesley. Reading. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). solution of equations involving absolute values. Ma. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. rational and transcendental functions. Recommended Books: Anton H. PWS-Kent Company. angle between two lines. Calculus (3rd edition). 2005. Calculus (11th edition).
1986. hyperbola. types of functions. system of linear equations. 1987. ellipse. Boston 4. functions. Introduction to sets. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. College Algebra and Trigonometry. Cramer’s rule. determinants. Boston Swokowski EW. : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. circles determined by various conditions. set operations. intersection of lines and circles. Analytic Geometry. 1969 Kaufmann JE. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). locus of a point in various conditions. Scott. PWS-Kent Company. • Contents 1. • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. PWS-Kent Company. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. inverse of matrices. equations reducible to quadratic equations. Conic Sections: Parabola. : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). types of matrices. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. Freshman and Company.Circle: Equation of a circle. nature of roots of quadratic equations. 70 . Sequence and Series: Arithmetic.
moments... deciles and percentiles. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. array. frequency polygon. 3. W. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. 2. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. E. Books Recommended: 1. quartiles. Graphs: Graph of straight line. standard deviation. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. types of frequency series. Wilcox. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. ungrouped and grouped data. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. 4. Latest Edition. variance. R. 5. Prentice Hall. circle and trigonometric functions. skewness and kurtosis. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics.geometric and harmonic progressions. Latest Edition. tally sheet method. bar frequency diagram histogram. Walpole. Latest Edition. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. Measures of dispersion: Range. characteristics of statistics. individual. E. relationship of statistics with social science. R. discrete and continuous series. 71 . Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. PWS-Kent Company. Boston. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. R.. cumulative frequency curve. Swokowski. 2. Kaufmann. J. trigonometric identities. E.. inter quartile deviation mean deviation.
Swokowski. Continuity. 2005. infinite and improper integrals. John Wiley & Sons. 5. Calculus. Inc. Anton. Schaum’s Outline Series. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . Bevens. I. Calculus Single and Multivariable. Continuous Functions. sinusoidal function. W. 1983. Elliott Mendelson. 8th edition. et al. E. products. Davis. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. John H. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. Thomas. Mathews. 4. special points of a function. Extreme Values of Functions. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions.Jr. integration using partial fractions. integration by inspection. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. 6. plane polar coordinates. 6. Jhon Willey & Sons. integration by parts. Gleason. Calculus. theorems of differentiation. 11th Edition. Calculus.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. Inequalities. Contents 1. the inverse of differentiation. 2. Boston. substitution method. Prentice-Hall. Addison Wesley publishing company. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. Rational and Transcendental Functions. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. and Transcendental Functions. Integration by Parts. McCallum. implicit differentiation. applications of integration. logarithmic integration. logarithmic differentiation. H. Inc. Leibnitz’ theorem. 3rd Edition. Slope of a Line. 2002. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. quotients. Rational Functions. • Integration Integration from first principles. S. Least-Squares Line. 3. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus. Trigonometric Functions. Second Edition 1992. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. 1999. 2005. Solution of equations involving absolute values. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. Hughes-Hallett. Equation of a Line. reduction formulae. 2. Recommended Books: 1. 4th edition. the chain rule. integral inequalities. Frank A.
inverses of hyperbolic functions. finding the nth roots of unity. series involving natural numbers. complex conjugate. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 . approximation errors in Taylor series.Additions and subtraction. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. modulus and argument. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. identities of hyperbolic functions. arithmetico-geometric series. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. geometric series. the difference method. alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. multiplication. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. solving hyperbolic equations. division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem.
point to plane. centers of mass and centroids. line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7. the inner product. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. of a unitary matrix.5. moments of inertia. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. vector product. 6. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. Pappus’ theorems. line to line. unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. symmetric and antisymmetric. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. Hermitian. of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 . scalar triple product. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. orthogonal. masses.
combinations of grad. spherical polar coordinates 75 . curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. divergence of a vector field. div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions.8. differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field.
definition of outliers and their detection. Errors of measurement. Discrete and continuous variables. sample design and sampling frame. Median and mode. sampling and non sampling errors. sampling with and without replacement. Significant digits. properties of Good Average. Historigram. Pie chart. Unit 2. Moments and Moments ratios. Unit 5. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. Population. 76 . Difference of means and proportions. Unit 3. Exercises. Collection of primary and secondary data. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Quantiles. Diagrams. Unit 4. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Test statistics. Poisson and Normal Distribution. Exercises. Probability and Probability Distributions. Graphs and their Construction. Constructing of a frequency distribution. The semi-Interquartile Range. Editing of Data.Annexure . Measures of Dispersion Introduction. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Absolute and relative measures. Change of origin and scale. The Variance and standard deviation. Exercises. Presentation of Data Introduction. Coefficient of variation. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Range. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Unit 7. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. Different types of Averages. level of significance. Exercises Unit 6. Rounding of a Number. Ogive for Discrete Variable. The Mean Deviation. Bar charts. Stem and Leaf Display. Exercises. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. null and alternative hypothesis. Box and Whisker Plot. acceptance and rejection regions. Statistical problem. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. Exercises. probability and non-probability sampling. Sources. Type-I and Type-II errors. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. The Mode.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Types of frequency curves. bias. Histogram. Standardized variables. Observations. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Empirical Relation between Mean. Exercises. Data. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics.
Macmillan Publishing Co. Exercises. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes.. estimation of parameters and their interpretation.Single Population Introduction. Exercises Unit 10. 2 Muhammad. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction.. Testing of Hypothesis. 3rd Ed. F. examples. New York. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. Kitab Markaz. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. its estimation and interpretation. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. 2005. Correlation. E. Exercises Unit 9. cause and effect relationships.Unit 8. Unit 11. Regression and Correlation Introduction. Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole. simple linear regression. “Introduction to Statistics”. Inc. R. r and R2. Contingency Tables. 77 . Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies.Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. Coefficient of linear correlation. 1982. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad.
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