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For BS MS
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………
6 12 14 50 51
and 36. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. therefore.ALTAF ALI G.). It is. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. respective accreditation councils and stake holders. Lahore. dated December 4th 1976. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees. and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. the Federal Government vide notification No. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. degree awarding institutions. imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. It also aimed to give a basic. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 . For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. universities and other institutions of higher education.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. 63.PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses. D773/76-JEA (cur. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. DR. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration. R&D organizations. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards. The world has turned into a global village. 2009 at the HEC Regional Center. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. PROF. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976. the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities.
National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI. COL. OF FINAL CURRI. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I PREP. OF DRAFT BY NCRC REVIEW IMPLE. R&D. UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRI. Preparation 5 . LI R&D HEC Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. UNI. OF CURRI. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREP. QUESTIONNAIRE CONS.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRI. REC. Abbreviations Used: NCRC. EXP. OF NCRC. PREP.
Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. Lahore Member 6. Rawalpindi Dr. Member 4. Member 3. Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. Rawalpindi Dr. Member 6 .Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre. Dr. Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall. Karachi from 28-30. Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. Following attended the meeting:1. April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. Member 5. Dr. 7. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. Dr. Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr.
Dr. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. Dr. Prof. Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore. Prof. 7 . Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. Dr. Member 16. Dr. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi. Member 10. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr. 13. Member 14. Karachi Member 12. Member 15. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr. Dr. Dr. Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof. Member 11. Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof.8. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9.
Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society.17. Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr. The meeting was opened by Mr. Karachi. Shafiq-ur-Rehman. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. 2. At first. Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. Dr. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards. the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. Secretary Dr. Faisalabad Member 18. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University. Mr. 1. Member 19. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement. Mr. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. Director of HEC Regional Center. 8 . Member 20. Dr. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. Chairman. Islamabad coordinated the meeting.
6. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 .3. The committee thanked Mr. The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities. Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. 2. 3. Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. 1. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment. The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. 4. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development. In last few centuries. 5.
Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i. RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 . This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. skills and behaviour patterns. Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. regional and global contexts. Apply theoretical understanding. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5. ii. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today. in its preliminary meeting. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science. Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development. 5. and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems. This committee. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii.
the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. Integrating natural sciences. 4. DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee. eight semesters in the semester system. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science. UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles. skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes. The medium of instruction. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English. 3. that: 1. The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment. The 11 . Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3. pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme. with consensus. 5. 2. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals. 6. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F.e. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration. Sc. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level. Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature. 1. assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science.. A.
proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1. Environmental Pollution 22. Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19. Introduction to Environmental Science 2. Sociology/Anthropology* 11. The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order. Introduction to Computer 14. Biology –I* 3. Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13. Fundamentals of Ecology 20. Introduction to Earth Science 8. Introductory Economics* 17. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5. Environmental Physics 16. Environmental Chemistry 15. English-I 6. Psychology* . Climatology* 23. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7. English-II 12. Environmental Microbiology 21. Biology –II* 9. Basic Chemistry* 4. English-III 18. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10.
Environmental Management Systems 34. Environmental toxicology 27. 44. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30. 46. Research Methods in Environmental Science 41. Biodiversity & Conservation 35. Environmental Impact Assessment 39. ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37. Environmental Biotechnology 32. Environmental Economics 29. ELECTIVE-III 42. Environmental Monitoring 36.24. Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours . English-IV/ Univ. Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25. Opt. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31. 45. ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43. Climate Change 38. Natural Resource Management 40. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28. Applied Ecology 26.
• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical. • Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .
. Miller. B. regional.M. poverty and resource depletion. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society. 2002. proteins and nucleic acids.T.B & Keller. R. 2.J. 2007 3. Major components of environment: physico-chemical. Botkin. D. John Wiley & Sons. R. M. G. & Nebel. Thomson Learning. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth. development in industry and agriculture. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates.DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline. L. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts. Schoch. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment. & Yonavjak.A. philosophical. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY . Recommended Books: 1. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development. 2007. E. Environmental Science: systems and solutions. history. 10th Ed. and their relationships with various environmental factors. 4. ecological. 15 . Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future. Pearson Educational. its importance in human life. 4th Ed. current global. lipids. McKinney. Environmental Science: working with the Earth. 6th Ed. environmental pollution. Human environment and its problems: global. national. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet.L. The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms. Different aspects of environment: physical.. Wright. socio-economic. 2007.I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life. urbanization. ethical. biological and social.
McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. proteins. carbohydrates. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals. E. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology.Hill International Edition. R. 2008. Wadsworth Group. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. G. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. Biology: a Human Emphasis. chemical basis of life. Bulter. R. Cell division. Lewis. amines). 2007. polypeptides in protein diversity. D. 5. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions. C. Nucleic acids. Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell. USA. phospholipids in membrane systems. L. A. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. New York.. 4.. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa. and Whitelaw. The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. Ionic. Cells. 2003.. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations.Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. carbonyls. covalent.. 5th Edetion. V. Structure and the basis of function. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin. protobionts. Ltd. Self Assessment and Revie. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. Canada. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods. chemical diversity. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. Plopper. 2007. Cassimeris. 3. Crossley. Shier. lipids. USA. McGraw. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. and Lewis. the molecule of genetic information and replication.. esters. Origin of life: chemical evolution. carboxylic acids. USA. 16 . Lingappa. 1. 8th Ed. 2. B. 1996. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. N. Starr. M. J. Study of mitosis in onion root tip. origin of metabolism. Aromatic compounds. Introduction to cell biology. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding. Molecular Biology through Questions. Australia . The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. coordinate covalent bond. lipids. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus.
M. West. Skoog. P. 2004. double angle formulas. law of Cosines.S. J. and Holler.. simultaneous equations and their solutions. Thomson and Brooks. Binomial theorem (Simple applications). concepts of six basic trigonometric functions. series and means. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. W. Osmosis and Dialysis. Canada. Thin layer chromatography... Girard. and Reid.D. Colloids chemistry. COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences. values of trigonometric functions. D. Solution chemistry. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula. Blackwell Science.A.. equations of lines (linear equations).E.J. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. EC and TDS in waste water... Column chromatography. USA. Algebra of matrices. 6th Edition. minor and cofactor of a matrix. Brimblecombe. Use of spectrophotometric techniques. Matrices and Determinants: Matrix. angle-sum formula. Sequence and series: Arithmetic. Cambridge University Press. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Andrews. B. UK. 4. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional).M. Understanding Environmental Pollution. graphs. Harris.H. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. 2nd Edition. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane. Jickells. 2005. 5. Lab Work Preparation of molar. coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane. 2003. J. 2nd Edition. radicals.. T. Surface chemistry. normal solutions/buffers.Special Products (Binomial Expression). molal.. Freeman and Company. geometric and harmonic sequence. 2. P. D. 2004. determinants. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra. D.E. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. USA. real line. Hill. UK. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations). Liss. Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers. straight line and related concepts.C. Recommended Books: 1.K. expansion of determinants. F. Jones and Barlett. 3.. 1st Ed. 17 . 2004.ions.J. 8th Edition. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. Measurement of pH. Photochemical reactions.
L. Narosa Publishing House. Jr. lineation and unconformities. Analytical Geometry. S. Chain rule. K. 4. California. irreducible quadratic factors. foliation.Cramer’s Rule. Recommended Books: 1. Trignometry for College students. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. earthquakes and volcanoes. its origin.A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure . Scott Foresman and Company. Introduction to sedimentary. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension. Abraham.Wesley. Smith. Addission. 18 . Earth as a member of solar system. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors. earthquakes. This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals. product and quotient rules without derivations).. New Delhi. Pacific Grove. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions. Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography. Fossils and their significance. J. joints. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. 10th Ed. Thomas. Integration: Formulas of integration. Introduction to folds. weathering and erosion. 4th Ed. D. by parts integration (simple applications). 2. erosion and related landforms. faults. 3. 1999. difference. G. R. Weathering. plate tectonics. and Finney. Introduction to rocks and minerals. nonrepeated linear factors. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. age.. cleavages.B. Chatterjee. igneous and metamorphic rocks. mountain building. theorem of integration. COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure . the processes of their formation.B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. different earth processes like mountain buildings. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation. composition and its internal structure. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. theorems on differentiation (sum.
K. How Does Earth Work. D. different classification systems. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants.Identification of rocks and minerals. Geological time chart with biodiversity. F. Lutgens. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species. J. Lutgens. molecular basis of biodiversity.. and Tasa. Biodiversity of hilly areas. Park. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity. protocell formation. 5th Edition. unicellularity. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification. G. Earth Science. Prentice Hall. multicellularity. G. Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology. R. biodiversity crises. modern concepts.. Use of brunton compass and GPS. examples of adjustments in varied environment. crucial for organisms’ sustainability. consequences of losing biodiversity. Recommended Books: 1. COURSE 8 BIOLOGY .. Brooks/Cole. Routledge. 5. causes of extinction. J.. 19 . 9th Edition. Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life. Physical Geology and Process of Science. Tarbuck. Smith. Field Study tour. 2005. K. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat. and Monroe. 2007 2.II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution.. E. R. and Pun. 3rd Edition. D.. 2004. Foundations of Structural Biology.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps. E. 2007 3. and Tasa.. Darwinism. Prentice Hall: 2006. A. Tarbuck. Biodiversity of canal. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms. animals). Biodiversity of deserts. measuring biodiversity. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis. 11th Edition. interactions among diversified life.. Prentice Hall. invasion of life on land. Wicander. J.. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water. Geographical aspects of biodiversity. F. 4. Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation. Lamarckism. population loss and decline. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. Life in sea.
Crumley. Bradbury. 2005. 2. Hannen. Routledge. Starr. Goals and expectations. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. IL:WavelandPress. Environmental Risks and the Media. C. 2.. 3. UK. Inc. 5th Edition. UK. USA.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. UK. 3. 2000. 4. Prospect Heights. Recommended Books: 1. (editor). and concerns. J. Tripartite nature of environment. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions. 2006. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. J. COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure . power & hegemony. New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. Walnut Creek. (editors). Perspective of human-environment evolution. The Ecology of global consumer culture. Inc. C. a Human Emphasis. K. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. Townsend. 2nd Edition. Understanding the environment-human relationship. L. Conceptualizing environment. culture and society. and Spicer. Wadsworth Group. Gaston. R.E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems. The Biosphere. I. 2001. John Wiley and Sons.K. Adam. Chronological. Biodiversity (An Introduction). 2003. Culture. Contemporary environment issues and debate. 2009. K. 20 .. and Sustainable Living. I. 2009. New York: New York University Press. Biology. Scope and application. Use of environment for vested interest. 3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment. Consumption. Contemporary environmental status. Nora and Wilk. globalization and environmental issues. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology. Allan & Carter. CA: AltaMira Press. P. Blackwell Science Ltd.
After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry. software packages. output hardware.6th Ed. Milton. Types and classification of computers.. Introduction to MS-Word.H. Configurations. G. K. Ms-Power Point. computer programs and basic applications.BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment. Recommended Books: 1. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere. Long l. 21 . Marquis A. Fundamentals of computer.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure . Ms-Excel. system software.London 1996. Ms-Access. Operating system (Windows). physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry.1999. internet. Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse. COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure . as are their effects on the biosphere. processing hardware. Hardware: Input Hardware. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered.5.C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components. Long N. Software: Application software.Microsoft office 2000. Local Area Network. 2003. 2. Courter. Ed. e-mail. Course Outlines Definition. 6. Storage hardware. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion. Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures. Selin. Rutledge. Kluwer Academic Publishers..
Environmental Science. Turbulence. 1st Edition. P. and Singh. Girard. Measurement and comparison of the 22 . J.. Andrews. DoriaSerrano. Energy conversion. Energy.. Particle physics.D.. 2004. J. B. Human perceptions and noise criteria. Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics. Electromagnetic radiation. Reducing the transmission of sound. Canada. Jones and Barlett. Conversion of mass. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants.. Radioactivity and nuclear physics. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light.. and Reid. Jickells.. Liss.J. USA.. Global climate and climatic change. Brimblecombe. Fregoso-Infante. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts. UK. K. 3. Environmental Chemistry. Entropy. Fate of pollutants in environment. 1999. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems. 2008. atmospheric and soil chemistry. 5. C. P.E.S. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer.. Equations of fluid dynamics. Sound and Noise.E. Springer.G.T. Heat radiation and heat transfer. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Solids. Ozone and UV light. T. 4.M. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light. Turbulent jets and plumes. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. India. Transport of pollutants.. trophic level. Basic acoustics.Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry. Hernandez-Esparza. Active control of sound. its causes and adverse effects on environment. Blackwell Science. 2nd Edition. Ozone chemistry. M. Nuclear energy. A. Chemical reactions. 2004. G. Turbulent diffusion. J. 2005. interaction of light with matter. Samir.. Ibanez. Thomson-Brooks. Germany. Isotopes and radioactive decay. Fundamentals of aquatic. 2. their sources and toxic actions.. Environmental impact of various industries. photosynthesis. Recommended Books: 1. COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter. Solar spectrum. Miller. Environmental Chemistry. Liquids and Gasses. Diffusion. M. Gaussian plumes in the air. Banerji Prentice Hall of India.
2006. World Bank Publications. Environmental economics. Yusuf. Producer behavior. S. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. Routledge. Physics of the Environment and Climate. H. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter. Praxis publishing. 2. producer and community point of view. N. population and environmental quality. economic growth and its measurement.. concepts and measurement. Introductory Environmental Physics. Economic management and environmental quality. J. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development. 2008. 2001. Economic Development. Smith. and Van Grondelle. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. Guyot. Recommended Books: 1. economic welfare and difference among all. Recommended Books: 1. Sustainable development. Pakistan economic context: National income. 7th Ed. Measures for sustainable development. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. Boeker.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. 4. John Wiley and Sons Inc. 23 . Growth and Environment. Natural resources and the economy. P. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. Wesely Publishers. and Resource allocation. R. Todaro. USA. Man environmental relationship. USA. poverty. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. Seinfeld. 2001. UK. E. COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. S. Growth and development. USA. and Pandis. 3. economic growth. M. interaction between ecology and economic management. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. Impact of economic activity on environment. Economic functions of environment. Field visit. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods. 2.Economic development. 2008.1998. Environmental Physics. USA. G. Course Outlines Introduction to economics. New York. economic progress. Kentucky USA. C.
and systems ecology. LLC.A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems. Ecology. role of light. Environmental philosophy and ethics. Economics. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy. N. community and ecosystem. Introduction to ethical theory. biogeography. International Thomson Publishing. C. 2002. J. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy. USA. water. England. B. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. 2008. WCIV7AA. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale. London. J. R. Environmental Critics of agriculture. population.. branches of ecology. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. DeVeer. Portland 1967. Touchstone Books. D. concepts and approaches. soil.. species. 4. M. community. SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology. B.. Shogren. A History of Western Philosophy.A.. and White. the ethics of soil. Hanley.V. ethics and ecology. Course Outlines Introduction. Natural philosophy. World Bank Publications. temperature. Farmington Hills. Swift. its fundamental concepts. Russell. B. 24 . 2. Recommended Books: 1. levels of ecological organization. COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure . USA. Ecosystem and its types. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. 2009. Palgrave Macmillan. World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. description of population. 2008. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. 2007. 3. Kessinger Publishing.3. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy. & Pierce. Frodeman. Callicott. 4.
various concepts of community. M J. J. 1992. 3. with special emphasis on their environmental impact. students will be able to understand the significance. Ecology (concepts and applications. New Delhi. productivity of different ecosystems. King’s College London. and Barett. role and application of microorganisms in the environment. UK. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. ecological modeling. Microbial metabolism. agricultural and industrial ecosystems. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. Population distribution and abundance. Fundamentals of Ecology. bacteria and eukarya. Ecosystem: structure and function. Fundamentals of Ecology. 2004. New York. Biomes of the world. distribution limits. Concepts of Limiting factors. population dynamics. After completion of this course. N. landscape changes and their importance. 2. biotic factors. C. UK. COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment.) Moles. G. habitat and niche. Tata McGraw-Hill. 1st Ed. community dynamics. P. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. Odum. 5th Ed. 2000. Thomson Brooks/Cole.Cox. characteristics of urban. J. aero-microbiology and food microbiology. Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. 1999 4. C. Chapman. and S. 2001 5. landscape ecology. 6th Ed. aquatic microbiology. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems. Dash. Cambridge University Press. Ecology (principles and applications). WCB/McGraw-Hill. M C J 1st ed. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea. Recommended Books 1. M. and More. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. Biogeochemical cycles of C.L and Reiss.W. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). E P. plant geography and animal distribution. B. Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. Systems ecology. Populations.topography and air as ecological factors. Microbiology of terrestrial environments. Lab Work 25 .
2.L. L.G. J..A.L. Environmental Pollution and Control. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines. Pollution Control Strategies. P. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution. F. Manual of Environmental Microbiology. R. 4. Water. Fate of Environmental Pollutants.1998. Academic Press.. Harley. M.K. transportation & treatments. Mean plate count. Recommended Books 1. McInernery. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution. Hill. Understanding Environmental Pollution.M. American Society for Microbiology. Sylvia.. Types of Environmental pollution: Air. Noise.R. Recommended Books: 1. nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution. USA. Pepper. and Zuberer. 4th Edition. 2002. Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents. P. D.I. USA. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology.and Brendecke. 26 . 3. Weiner.B.W. 2005.C. Soil. USA.. Hartel. Academic Press. Washington DC. G.J.J.A.P.M. Cambridge University Press. I. isolation. C. C..P.J.L.and Vesilaind.. Environmental Microbiology. W. J. A. its sources and their effects. Microbiology. Academic Press. 2nd Edition. peppor. Case Studies. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution. New Jersey. Human & other living organisms. L. 2.J.Gerba.. USA. 2 Edition. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water. McGraw Hill Inc.Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally.. R. Collection. and Stetzenbach. Marine & Industrial pollution.. and Gerba. M. 2009. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel. 2005.. purification and preservation.F. 5. 2005.A. and Klein. Peiece. D. Prescott. 2007. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic.V. J. (Elsevier) USA. London. USA.J.D. UK. Hurrst. International Protocols (BASAL Convention).. Fuhrmann.. D. 1995.. Maier. 3. Dilution plate technique.M. Effects of Pollutants. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal.P. Crawford. and Jeffery. Solid Waste generation. Knudsen. Butterworth-Heinemann. Prentice Hall. Cambridge UK.
American Public Health Association (APHA). Cambridge University Press. COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences. 2.J. Karachi. Sadder. Austin Miller. Environmental psychology.2nd Editions.. 1988. Heat and the Earth's atmosphere. Tarbuck. Factors affecting air Pressure. Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). The Hydrologic cycle. Houghton J.. Lawrance K. 2003. Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. 2006 5.. Mechanism of heat transfer. air pressure. COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems. Lutgens. Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History. condensation and cloud Formation. Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided. Recommended Books: 1. John Wiley and Sons. The climate of Pakistan. 4. Four Spheres of the Earth. Solar radiations.From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. A. concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. Pandis. 1992. The Physics of Atmospheres. 6th Edition. John H.4. . The Atmosphere. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology. A brief historical background and schools of psychology. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications. 2002. Climatology.W. Radiation and climate. 5. global circulation. Cloud Classification. Methods of psychology..F.E.K. K. N. 3. Spyros. Weather and Climate. Marcel Dekkar. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere.M. 27 . Royal book company. local winds. Surface winds. processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. Shamshad. climatic zones of Pakistan. The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics .
D. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine. Water and distribution of species. CRC Press. High population density and psychological impacts. and Baum A. 2001. 1992. T. P. Bell. COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change.characteristics and research methods. Recommended Books: 1. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species. Soil as a natural resource. Routledge. energy and carbon balance.. solar radiation and primary production. 2. Fisher J.A.C. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. Fundamental of Psychology. London. species response to pollutants. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts. rivers. Restoration of derelict lands. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives. CRC Press. Ecological restoration. sustainable agriculture. Background and scope. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change. their management and ecological restoration. Sustainable livestock management practices. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher.W. Eysenck. concepts. carbon dioxide and global climate change. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan. M. Future water scenario of Pakistan. soil resources of Pakistan. Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. soil salinity and water logging. Water as an ecological resource.. Ecology of food production. soil erosion and conservation. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. Greene. London. 28 . Course Outline Introduction. Environmental perception and cognition. techniques and methods of restoration. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Sustainable agricultural practices. threats and mitigation. limitation of irrigated agriculture. Environmental Psychology. Routledge. Pollution control through Ecology. 5th Edition.
1989. J. toxins vs toxicants. Zedler. Thomson Brooks/Cole. 3. K. D. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals. J. University of Peshawar. Organs. Immunological considerations in toxicology. Falk. Fundamentals of Ecology.S. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. Synergism. 4. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system.I. A. COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals. Peshawar. USA. K and Habib. and Memon. 29 . Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water. and Hobbs.. G. B. their containment and control strategies.. Determination of Interaction of chemicals. 2nd ed. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications. terminologies: Poisons. biological effects. E. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic. from natural and anthropogenic sources. Lahore.National Book Foundation.1998. soil and air samples. Toxicity: Types and its measurement. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. Newman. Soil Science. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. Israr-ud-Din. toxins & toxicants. Foundations of Restoration Ecology. Islamabad. water and soil. Island Press. 5th Edition. on human and other living organisms.W. P. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures. 2004. A. toxicology of chemicals. Studies in Pakistan Geography. Odum E.. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management. Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History. in vivo & in vitro assays. Blackwell Scientific Publications.P. Potentiation and Addition. Margaret A. 5. 2006. Pakistan’s Environment. R. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. Rashid. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents. 2000 2. dose response relationship in living organisms. 1996.Recommended Books: 1. Chemical interactions and their types. Oxford.A. Mumtaz. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms. toxicity screening using microbial systems. Shirkat Gah. Determination of chemicals in biological samples.. and Barett.
Vol.2005 2. Klassen.Recommended Books 1. Hughes. Recommended Books: 30 . geography. 1st Edition. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology. Ballantyne. education. W. the economy and the environment. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann. the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements. 1993. pollution control-a general model. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis. 1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development. Environmental Profile of Pakistan..M. 3. (ed. W. Recommended Books 1. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement. Course Outlines Introduction to history. USA. topographic zones. First and Second law of Thermodynamics. Economic: agriculture. urbanization and pollution. USA. B. COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development. Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. 5th Edition. Government of Pakistan. Williams.Science of Poisons . culture. measuring environmental benefits.). Course Outlines Introduction. Ecological: ecological zones. CRC Press Llc. M. health. land. 1992. P. international trade and the environment. 1st Edition. major ecosystems. people. State of the Environment-Pakistan . General and Applied Toxicology. T and Turner. industry. USA. the economic benefits of different environmental resources.D. 1996. clean development mechanism. 2005 2. McGrawhill.1 & 2. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York. economic development and the environment. Macmillan Press Ltd. economic aspects of different environmental problems. water resources. 3.
K. Field. All Solids. M. M. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual. 31 .I.J. water and plant analysis. NO3–N & NH4-N). New York. and derived S. Freeman & Co.D. Biomarkers in environmental assessment. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. 2. Reuter. D. 2000.2004. CSIRO Publ. Fluoride. D.. Harris. Oxford. Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory. 4. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive. precision and accuracy. A. Thomson and Brooks. Holler. Standard solutions and standard curves. Australia. Spectroscopy and Chromatography. Oxford University Press.. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery. BOD. Analytical techniques for soil. Pearce. 3. Environmental Economics. Use of Potentiometery. Johns Hopkins University Press. L. Sparrow and D. 2005.C.R. West. Data interpretation for quality control.L. Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH. Skoog. COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions.A.UK. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin. Collingwood. preparation and storage. Recommended Books: 1.2002.. Sample preservation methods. C. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples. J. Conductivitymetry.and Field. 3. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction.W. 1999. COD.. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. Gravimetery. 6th Edition. Peverill. Gravimetery. D.K. Environmental Economics: An Introduction. Titrimetery. and Batemen. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve. Kolstad. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association).I..K. 2003. and F. salinity & sodicity). Titrimetery. C. handling. Lab Work S. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. D. 2. B.1.. USA. Turner. Conductivitymetry. I. units. 1993. Sample collection. 8th Edition. soil (NPK and organic matter contents. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling.
Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems.. 2001. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. Scragg. New York. Biosensor. Introduction to microbial kinetics. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment. England. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. 3.living organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution. Government of Pakistan. Cambridge University Press. Smith. Hans- Joachim. 2005. Biotechnology. J. J.). Course Outlines Introduction. USA. Recombinant DNA technology. Bioreactors. 5th Ed. and application of biotechnology in the environment.P.W. purification and preservation of DNA. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd. and Josef. USA. Germany.1999. Isolation. PCR. Sambrook. Environmental Biotechnology. 2005. National Biosafety Guidelines. Wiley-VCH Verlag. A. D. Tools in environmental biotechnology. National Biotechnology Commission. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns. 2. Recommended Books 1. students will be able to understand the significance. (ed. Chichoster. Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques. Derbre. 2009. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms.COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments. Oxford University Press. 2007.E. and Russel. COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 . Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants. J.. New York. USA. 2nd Ed. W.D. 4. Biomarkers. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. After completion of this course.
integration of information from many sources. Using and reading GPS in field. Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. Energy Sources. John Wiley and Sons. eradication of the duplicated data. Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. Image Processing. Different types of maps. Fishery and wildlife. advantages and limitations of process. Campbell. Jensen. Interpretation. Dessinov. Data entry and output. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. Rancez. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. Satellite Imageries.Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. Agriculture. analysis and output. Inc. Data acquisition. COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . map projection and coordinate systems. A. 2000. V. Aerial photography. Inc. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. Inc. Lulla. Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. Active and Passive remote sensing. 2008. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). 2009. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. Forestry. 2. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1. Mc Graw Hill Education. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. Guilfoud press New York. R. F. Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. History and data collection. Introduction to GIS. 3. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. John Wiley and Sons. Pearsons Education. 2000. history and platforms. Cartography. Harvey. Introduction to Photogrammetry. Z. K and L. 4. A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. 5. Types of data used in GIS. Preparation of thematic maps. 1999.
2005. Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1.. Systems and Support Techniques. Conservation of biodiversity. threats to biodiversity. 3. standards and guidelines. etc. cleaner technologies. Environment and sustainable development. B. 34 . plant. 2. and Yoxon. M. eco-design. 1998.C. Methods of environmental protection. types of biodiversity. Certification of EMS. American Society for Quality. threats to biodiversity and its conservation. Environmental Economy. alpha and beta diversity.3rd Edition .). hot spots of biodiversity. F. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. need and approach. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management. and Qasim. 2006. 2001.. 4. Michigan. Environmental Management tools. Environmental Management Systems Principles. social and ethical values of biodiversity. Khan.2nd Ed. A. philosophical. Environmental aspects and impacts. WWF Pakistan. Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS). economic. American Society for Quality. animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan. Sheldon. Course Outlines Introduction. Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles. ecological. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes.. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. principles of Cleaner production. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production. COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). International Organization for Standardization. Related Environmental legislation.This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits. M.
Associates Inc. Biogeography. 2.conservation at species. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora.e. soil and living organisms. Saad Printers.. A Primer for Conservation Biology. C. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan. laboratory custody. community and ecosystem level. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques. Mirza. 2ndEd. Lab Work Sampling techniques (air. EIA requirement. sampling and design purposes. role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. Legal protection of species. Z. Sinauer. presampling requirements/information. plants. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring. refrigeration and freezing methods. Recommended Books: 1. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan. their categories. 2000. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. habitats. Conservation of wildlife. P. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan.B. conservation and livelihood. role of traditional knowledge in conservation. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring.. quality control sampling. national and international laws and regulations. design and types of samples. 1998. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples. protected areas.D. ecotourism. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. in-situ and ex-situ conservation. Course Outlines Introduction.B. Sunderland.R. Lahore). objectives of sampling and monitoring programme. 2000. Cox. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i. 35 . Quality assurance and quality control. London. Rawalpindi. and Morre. Preservation methods including pH control. croplands. Kings College. 3. Considerations. NOC for plant operation. field custody.. conservation strategies. quality assessment. forests. international agreements. conservation in man-made ecosystems. management. P. water.B. chemical addition. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing. Publ. Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures. air. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes. cities. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment. population.
Tokyo. The Measurement of Climate Change. D. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. 5. F. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. New York.. . Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts. Remote Sensing Note. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. Murai. Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change. R. 7. chemical. N. 2008. 8. 2000. H.1996. regional. Burden. agriculture. (ed) Springer. Chapman and Hall. Peakall. USA. 2nd Edition. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. Regional droughts and 36 . The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. USA. 2002. biological. Japan Association on Remote Sensing. Moisture in the Atmosphere. and Guethner. phenological changes.USA. Keith. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention. its causes and effects. Patterns in Winds and Pressure. Environmental Chemistry. Lewis Publisher London. Air Pollution and Acid Rain. Recent Climate Change Indicators. altered community structure. S. extinctions. 2008. Earth Observation of Global Change. Forstner U. Chuviero. UK. COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change.1999. L. D. Energy and Temperature. E. 3. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. McKlivie. Human responses to potential climate change. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data. 2002. E. Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate. Ozone depletion. S. Precipitation. Korte. Physical.Recommended Books: 1. (eds. 2.) McGraw-Hill. I. human health. USA.. Manahan. and social factors contributing to climate and global change. 1992. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide. and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change. 6.
EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan. Therivel. D. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. Sringer. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. A. review of EIA quality. J. J. 2005.. 2005. and Chadwick. Islamabad. Petts. Routledge. (ed. Houghton. Hardy. 1st Edition. and noise. Climate Change . Earthscan Publication Ltd. Blackwell. Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2). Recommended Books: 1. 2003. Keith. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. National Book Foundation. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels.O. John Wiley & Sons.. 2000. 1986. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. Oxford... Types & Resources to produce Energy. Global Change and the earth system. 37 .Causes. Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems. London. 2. J. Effects. 6. liquid. role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis. 2004. 2003. 2. and Solutions. scoping. Recommended Books: 1. project implementation and follow up. Cost and benefits of EIA. Climate Change . Harrop. T. 1994. 5. EIA project management. A. Effects. Glasson.A. 4. screening. Ministry of Housing and Works. social impact assessment (SIA). COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project.. mitigation and impact management. decision-making to implement the project. R.). 2005. Hardy. impact analysis. public involvement.cataclysmic climate change. London. 4. Global Warming and Climate Change.(ed). and Solutions. Islamabad. & Nixon.Causes. principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society. law. reporting.. J.T. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment. and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction. John Wiley & Sons. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts. solids. Main stages in EIA process. 1999. 3. overview. 3. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice. J..
John Willey & Sons.5. J. Development of Management Plan: needs.. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy. 2002. Asian Development Bank. B. forest types and its existing management. national and provincial legislation. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. effective management. Carpenter. A. process and contents of the management plan. wind power and nuclear power. 1997. F. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies. New York. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level. USA. causes and methods for its improvement. S. methodologies. & McCabe. management options. R.. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area. Watershed management: Importance basic principles. management options. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources. and Tu. their current status and threats. 2nd Edition. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia. national agriculture policy. Sadler. B. Lohani. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan.. (ed. threats. COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification. Types. 38 . their pros and cons. 1993. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. M. best available option for future. EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual.. Recommended Books: 1. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources. agriculture products and their share in GDP. Evans. existing management approaches. problem in agriculture. solar power.). agriculture chemicals. Rangeland Management: existing status. Goldsmith. Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources.. occurrence and distribution of natural resources. national example. H. Ludwig. Conservation in Progress.B and Warren. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. threat and its causes. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. wildlife census. requirement. limitation in the future. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. R. importance. Everitt. 6. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level. United Nations Environment Programme...
Creswell. Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison). 1984. types of sampling design/.2. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem. Research Design & Research Methods. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. research methods. J. Experimental Research.L. Inference based on findings. Search Engines. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). R. Objectives. and Jorqensen. Methodology. W. Thousand Oaks. 5. 1990.1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. John Wiley & Sons. Questionnaire. Surveys.A pre-requisite for Research.E. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research.E. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods.Amsterdam. Scientific Research: Science. Case Studies. population and sampling frames. 3. Sage CA. Sampling: the logic of sampling. 1992. Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf. Selecting the Research Method. How to put things together? Introduction. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data.F. Interviews. New York. Review of Literature. Islamabad. Elsevier. Review of Literature. and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research. P. Literature Search: Database. concepts and terminologies. 4. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1. Environmental Conservation. S. Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. to introduce students to research design. Research Proposal: its importance . V. USA. GOP and IUCN. Scientific Methods. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically. & Plano Clark. Material Methods. Dasmann. 2007. Hansen.. Bibliography. 39 . London. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice.
Law Books House. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act.USA. The Craft of Research by Wayne C. SNBP Local Government Ordinance. Belmont California. Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation. 1989. Wadsworth Publishing Company. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development. and Arhonditsis. 2nd Edition. Chichester. R. Univ. National Conservation Strategy 5. E. 2003. Babbie. 3. Writing Science Through Critical Thinking. of Chicago Press.. Students project in Environmental Science. 2001 and the rules of business made there under. Sage Publishers.2. 1997.h. regulations made there under... 1997. Marilyn F. Booth. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance. England. Survey Research Methods. 6. Qadar. 4. Moriarty. G. Government of Pakistan 3. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. Recommended Books: 1. 3rd Edition. 2001. John and sons Ltd.Batty. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules. 2003. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan. Diamon.S. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans. Robert Yin. M.Harrad. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 . S. 2. USA.. 5. National Environmental Policy 4. 2000. USA. 2008.
This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45
POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46
RESEARCH PROJECT/ INTERNSHIP
E-I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY
To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,
5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.
Islamabad. integrated water resources management (IWRM). Revised & enlarged edition. Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization. Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT). Groundwater Resources of Pakistan. 2.). 44 . pollution aspects. Ahmed. like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. P. watershed/catchment. J. U. 2006. Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant. 5. Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. 1993. N. The Politics of Managing Water. Biswas.. improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency. Asia Printer. and Tortajada. SDPI Oxford University Press.. A. precipitation distribution in Pakistan. Pakistan. wetlands resources management. 3. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry. 2006. A.. Bengali. Oxford University Press Karachi.). (eds.. R. and Qamar. Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia. Pakistan . Indus Water Accord 1991. water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan.Lahore. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment. O. Ahmed. N. A.. K. water supply and demand management measures. C. 2003. tubewells. and Malik.1993. (ed.K. virtual water. flood and drought management. 2005.. Mirajuddin Publication . hydrological cycle. Islamabad. with drinking water facilities like springs. R.. groundwater exploitation. flood and droughts. Oxford University Press New Delhi.Varis. Cheema. recycling and re-use of wastewater. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan. 6. Course Outlines Water resource and its management. it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects. water quality and quantity aspects. Khan. Mirajuddin Publication . climate change and its impacts on our future water resources. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. fisheries management. Briscoe.E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan. Recommended Books: 1. I. 4. Lahore.
N.. Definition. PrenticeHall. 2008. Types and properties of parent materials. urbanization in Pakistan. Hillel. D. NJ. National Book Foundation. Soil buffering capacity and its importance. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. future of urban centers. 45 . 2007. Course Outlines Introduction. Prentice Hall. CA. urban settlements. Soil degradation. urban patterns and ecosystem functions. Urbanization. Process and outcome. Causes of urbanization. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. Upper Saddle River. Pakistan. Soil Science. USA. Miller. the salient features of urban environments.C. Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils. Bashir. Cation and anion exchange. 1996. management and green productivity. San Diego. humans as components of urban ecosystems. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization. E. USA. After completion of this course. hydrological processes. R.E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. transport. Soils in Our Environment. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. Soil forming minerals. Forms of urbanization. Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. urban flora and fauna. Physical and chemical properties of soil. Upper Saddle River. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations.T. NJ.R. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. residential mobility and the neighborhood change. Course Outlines Introduction. R. Brady. Urban ecosystem. 1.W. 11th Edition. Academic Press. Factors and processes of soil formation. D. R. urban landscapes characteristics.. and Bantel. Gardiner. soils. urban political ecology. and Weil. USA. 2007. Islamabad.
Planning and Urban Change. Alberti. SBS academic publishing. 4. H. 2004. I.L. 2009. Routledge. 3.. 2000. Routledge. Hough. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans. Scope. USA. Planning and its relationship with other professions. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment... UK. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area.1990. Hejny. Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments. 2006. Gilbert. Kate.. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. The Works: Anatomy of a City. 1. London. 2007. Silberstein. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. USA. Springer. M. S. 46 ..S. Chapman and Hall. The Ecology of Urban Habitats. 1989. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city.Recommended Books: Urban Ecology. M.and Maser. Penguin Group. Land use planning theories. SAGE Publications Ltd. Smith. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. Recommended Books: 1. Levels of planning. UR. C. Hague. nd 2 Edition. Planning theories and concepts. London. 2. New York. UK.and Kowaril. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems. 2004. Sukopp. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level. Elements of urban planning. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. Justification for planning for city management. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation. Types of Urban Plans. The planning process. Aims and Objectives of planning. J. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability. O. UK. A. CRC Press LLC. City Design for Sustainable Development. Principles of planning. E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. V. Ward. nature and purpose of urban planning. 2. 5. New trends in planning and city management. D. S.
Disaster Management: Components of management. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies.W. Political factors. Clara. Westview Press. 1986. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures.W. Earthquake. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters. 2nd Edition. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). Natural Disasters Alexander. G. Flood Management: Organizational Role.3.. Physical factors. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies. Flooding. i. International phenomenon.. Manila. Different approaches and Indicators. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies. M.. Socio-economic factors. D.B.. 1991. Ministry of Housing and Works. Islamabad.UNESCO. P.. It discusses a wide range of aspects. 1993. 4. Recommended Books: 1. New York. 1993. ADB. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson.e. UK. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization. Landslide. The Environment as Hazard Burton I. Earthquake Management. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms. 4. Hazards. Kates. Paris. Natural cycles and their role. E&UA Div. Chapman & Hall. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum.F. It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. The Guilford Press. 2. 1989.. Role of Media in Disaster Management. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research. H... Disaster Management Trainings and Policies. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development. and Woodrow. Prediction. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches. and White G. 3. 1993. Boulder . Government of Pakistan. New York. 47 .J. R. Introducing Town Planning. Techniques and methods to assess hazard. Longman Group. Cultural factors. Disaster as an opportunity for development. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors.
Biotic structure. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. Ecological concept in crop and food production. environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life. F.5. D. R. 2007. and Yonavjak. Sustainable livestock management. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America. uses. A. McKinney.. Botkin. E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment. Agroecology.M. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources.C. 3. 1984. Consumer and producer relationship. local. consumers. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources.H. Deforestation for agricultural purposes.A. hydropower. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. 1983. types. energy resources. energy resources of Pakistan. Disasters and Development Cuny. alternate energy resources. Schoch. John Wiley and Sons. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. biomass resources. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems. Farming practices for pests and weeds control. Perry R. Westport. 4th Edition. Course Outlines Energy-development and environment. 1. sustainable energy management.. decomposers. 6. M. primary producers.. 6th Edition. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem. and Mushkatel. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. 2001. OECD/IEA. 2. Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem. Quorum Books. E. 2007. Paris.W. 48 .B and Keller. Phytoremediation and bioremediation.L. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation. New York. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources. merits and demerits of wind. L. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers. solar. USA.
2000. Yandermeer J. and Sudha.P.Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram. Agrocology. 1990.G.R. C.H. India. USA. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species. E-11 Seminar 49 . Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species. Kapur. CBS Publishers and Distributors.. 3. Westview Press. Study of index of diversity. New Delhi. Experimental Plant Ecology.M. 1995. M. USA. Study of stratification and profile diagram. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity. and Rossel. McGraw Hill Publishing Company. Recommended Books: 1. New York.A. 2. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture. R. Boulder. Altreri. P.Determination of density and abundance of plant species. Corol.
it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor. The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. availability of the faculty and other facilities. 50 . 5. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme. the Committee agreed on the following principles. The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science. The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization. 4. The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines. 2. 3. that: 1.
2. 5.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1. 8. 12. 9. 14. 6. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 20. 18. 4. 10. 5. The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. 23. 4. 22. 12. 24. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. 13. 26. 8. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. 21. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 . 25. 6. 11. 9. 11. Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. 2. 19. 17. 7. 10. 7. 15. 3. 3. 16.
London Black Stone Press Ltd. Mackenzie. Elsevier.1995. Draft National Environmental Policy.DETAILS OF M.. Environment People and Economy. technology and resource use. Islamabad.A. Recommended Books: 1. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems. GOP and IUCN. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). 2nd Edition. COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management.. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. and Jorqensen. status of Terrestrial. Instruments and methods. Mackenzie J. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences. F. Conservation Strategies. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan. Provincial and Local Strategies. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space.. 3.1991. Geography of Pakistan. S. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. 1987. Oxford University Press. S. FURTHER READINGS 1. Hodder and Stoughton. Amsterdam. Environmental control Policies.F. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling. Relationship of culture.1994. Treaties. Oxford University Press. 1992. development of concepts.E. Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management. Carrying capacity and sustainable development.S. Conventions and Protocols in Global. WCS. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall.E. 2. Regional and International Environmental Issues. Hansen. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan. 3. and Bell. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan. Money. London. Khan K. 4.T.1994. Ball. NCS.. 1991. D.. S. P. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment. 52 . Karachi. 2.
Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment.. Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Assessment of environmental impacts. FURTHER READINGS 1. Recommended Books: 1. economic impact assessment. Ministry of Environment. Cost benefit analysis of projects. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). F & Bronstein. sample collection and preservation. UK. Chichester. Washington. 2. Longman House. Burnt Hill. Wood. Wastewater. Longman Scientific and Technical. 1995. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater.Vanclay. Demographic impact assessment. social impact assessment. Government of Pakistan. 3. A. Air and Solid Waste.A. Environmental Chemical Analysis. 1993. ecological impact assessment. opportunities and issues. role and importance. COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. Harlow Essex. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. 2. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements. Ed. Environmental auditing. John Wiley & Sons. Gas Chromatography etc. D. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery. Sectoral guidelines for EIA. England. History. Ahmed. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis.COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction. World Bank. Environmental and Social Impact assessment. K. DC. A one Publishers Lahore. 53 . C. procedures and methods of EIA. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). Case Studies and review. ed. 1995. sampling rules. WB. process. Principles of physical. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. Environment Department. Recommended Books: 1.
assumptions. specific objectives. Inc. 54 . communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne. Nebel. London. Prentice Hall International Inc. T. inputs. T. outputs.. Public health concept. Environmental Health Engineering. 2nd Ed. Reasons for Project success or failure. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. and Guidotti.. S. prevention and control. R. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Kjelllström. Project Management Institute. Project Planning. 1993. R. Government Policies and Programs. USA. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. K. M/S Banarsid. 1st Ed. 4. 3. Defining Project objectives.. Primary health care services. Project Management: A Managerial Approach. Recommended Books: 1. Meredith J. Park. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. development objectives. T. 1997.COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project. 1992. Accident prevention and safety plans. Project Life Cycle. L.. feasibility study. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine... Planning Commission Performas. means of verification. food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures.. Yassi. Van Nostrand and Reinhold. 2001. Project Planning and Approval Processes. USA. 2. Wiley Interscience. UK. New York. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems. J. Need identification. Oxford University Press New York. A Guide to Project Management. T. activities. A. Lippmann. air borne. Project Initiation. 5. B. Writing Project Proposal.. and Wright. principles and practices. John Wiley and Sons. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. 1998.. Mantel s.2000. 1st ed. M. 1st Ed. 2002. de Kok. work breakdown structure. Ergonomic and Safety. Basic Environmental Health. MS Project Recommended Books: 1. Resource Mobilization. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic. 2. safety techniques. J. indicators. Caeneross. economic evaluation. Occupational Health: problems and issues.
COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. nuclear) local. data collection and interpretation. Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. 55 . E. Botkin. 1990b. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). St Luise Press. Environmental auditing. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. 2. industry and domestic sectors. Michigan-January 2001. Sayre. 2001. 4th Edition. non-renewable and renewable. USA. Switzerland. 2007. principles and elements of the process of EMS. gas. energy resources of Pakistan. D. alternate energy resources. ISO Central Secretariat. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. Recommended Books: 1. and Yonavjak. Principles of cleaner production. 2007. 6th Edition. Recommended Books: 1.L.. hydropower. Related Environmental regulations. D. Sources of data. L. Environmental Auditing. solar. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment).B and Keller. M. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor.M. 2. 3. OECD/IEA. merits and demerits of wind. transport. petroleum. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. McKinney. 3. John Wiley and Sons. ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family. bio-energy resources. 4. types. R. Paris. Paris. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Schoch. 1998. uses. energy resources. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan.A. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal. sustainable energy management for agriculture.
geographical and temporal patterns. Climate Change and Ecosystems. Plant Ecology. (Ed. 2005. Hardy. Recommended Books: 1. Oxford. Effects. COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. 2003. Berlin. Plant population dynamics. & Charlesworth. 4. Life history strategies of plants. resources and plants. UK 1991. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. Blackwell Publishing. and Solutions.). Introduction to Plant Population Biology. Shulze. Climate change and food production. 5. ED. Blackwell Publishing. forests. Silvertown. 3. management and restoration. Effects. T. types of climate change models. ECOPE 29. E & Muller-Hohenstein. London. K. Beck.. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics. John Wiley & Sons. 3.Causes. D. competition and coexistence. Maarel. UK.D. 2005. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. 2005. Climate Change . 2003. J. Oxford UK. E. Hardy. Recommended Books: 1. Species richness. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. survival and extinction. Earthscan Publication Ltd. plant invasions. J. global aspects of plant ecology. John Wiley & Sons. Vegetation Ecology Ed. Chichester. D. John Wiley & Sons. 2005. vegetation dynamics. human activities and vegetation dynamics.Causes. Warrick. Houghton. 56 . 2. plant conservation. water resources. etc. and Solutions. Green House Gases. 1. climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. Springer. 1st Edition. 2004. 2.T. types and their climatic effects. J.. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. B & Jager. Modeling of climate change. The Green House Effect. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. Climate Change .
Establishment and management of protected areas. Threatened animals and plants.A. Rangeland management. Global and national biodiversity. Bailey. 2002. I). Oxford. 3. Recommended Books: 1. Oxford University Press. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. biological diversity. distribution. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. Participatory forest management. threats and conservation. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management. 2002. Roberts. S. London. & Spicer. & Ripley. Loss of biodiversity. Oxford University Press. T.J. UK. Primack. 1973 2. Sinauer Assocaites. Status of forests in Pakistan. Wetlands. Extinction of species. their ecological and economic importance. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali. kinds. FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation.G. John Wiley And Sons. their importance. Inc. S. Roberts.D. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. deforestation and its control. B.) Gaston. 2.(2nd Ed. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity. Wildlife of Pakistan. status.B. Cambridge. Oxford University Press. Weddell. habitats and ecosystems. Oxford. Recommended Books: 1.J. Cambridge University Press. Conserving Living Natural Resources. 1992. types.J. J. T. W. K. 1986. 4. their types and role in conservation. UK. distribution. And Bolen. Principles of Wildlife Management. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. 1984. USA. Publishers Sunderland. 57 .COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction. E. Wildlife Ecology and Management. distribution and management. 1998. Sustainable forest management. Robinson. Biodiversity: An introduction. Blackwell Publsihing. Consumptive. Mcmillan. J. 3. Protected areas in Pakistan. 2004. its causes.J. II). types. management.L. Protected areas. Protection and restoration of species. Cambridge. R. Forests. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation. COURSE 11 WILDLIFE. Forest plantations. 5. problems and solutions. Essentials of Conservation Biology. Oxford.
1993. G. Planning and Urban Change. UK. 2000. urban political ecology. A. USA. Recommended Books: 1. SAGE Publications Ltd. S. UK. 4.. E&UA Div. 3. 2004. 2007. CRC Press LLC. Urban planning and management in Pakistan. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages. Forms of urbanization. Longman Group. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. Penguin Group. Ward.and Maser. Government of Pakistan.. J. future of urban centers.. The Works: Anatomy of a City. USA. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. Ministry of Housing and Works. Silberstein. C.COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction. Islamabad. urban systems and their characteristics. Urban land use planning and management. management of transport. Environmental problems of urban life. Introducing Town Planning. Clara. urban landscape characteristics. London. 1986. H. 58 . 2. New York. sanitation.. urbanization in Pakistan. Sustainable cities. V. drinking water and solid waste in cities. Kate.
Annexure . Third edition.A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. Practical English Grammar by A. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1.J. a) Functional English Grammar 1. 1997.V. Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. Thomson and A. Martinet. ISBN 0194313492 59 . Exercises 1. Oxford University Press.
Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. Thomson and A. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. Reading. Oxford University Press. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin.J. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. and speed reading.2. Reading/Comprehension 1. Exercises 2. Third edition. ISBN 0 19 453402 2.V. Martinet. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. Writing. 1997. minutes of meetings. Oxford Supplementary Skills. intensive and extensive. Fourth Impression 1993. b) Practical English Grammar by A. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 . summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. Third Impression 1992. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Upper Intermediate.
Reading 1. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Thomson and A. Oxford Supplementary Skills. introduction to presentations. form.V. discursive. Fourth Impression 1993. Fourth Impression 1992. 2. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. Oxford University Press 1986. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking).J. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. Advanced. Reading. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. descriptive and argumentative writing). Third Impression 1991. Writing. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. narrative. Oxford Supplementary Skills. language. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. Advanced by Ron White. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Martinet. b) Writing 1. clarity. c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 . Third edition. Exercises 2. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. Third Impression 1992.1. Practical English Grammar by A. Writing. 2. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Writing. content.
General Editiors: Janice Neulib. Mandell. argumentative and report writing). 2. 62 .(particularly suitable for discursive. 3. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. Compiled by norther Illinois University. Kirszner and Stephen R. St. A Custom Publication. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. 2004. College Writing Skills by John Langan. Martin’s Press. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. descriptive. without taxing the taste of engineering students). Kathleen Shine Cain.
Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. b. Mehmood. Shahid Javed. Zaidi. Akbar. 2000. Karachi: Oxford University Press.Annexure . 4. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. 1993. Course Outline 1. 2. Location and geo-physical features. 1971-77 d. politics. Safdar. S. Study the process of governance. 1947-58 b. 3. government. 1999 onward 3. 63 Books Recommended 1. 1977-88 e. contemporary Pakistan. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. S. 2. Indus Civilization ii. Historical Perspective a. People and Land i. national development. ideological background of Pakistan. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. State & Society in Pakistan. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki. Karachi: Oxford University Press. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. 1988-99 f. Society and social structure c. Lahore. Contemporary Pakistan a. Economic institutions and issues b.M. Ethnicity d. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. 1958-71 c. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. Muslim advent iii. .B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. 1994.
1976. 11. Zahid. Amin. Karachi: Royal Book Company. Institute of Public Policy Research. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia. 10. 9. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. 13. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Rafique. Wayne. Tahir. Enigma of Political Development. 14. Noor ul. Khalid Bin. Party. Pakistan Under Martial Law. Afzal.. History & Culture of Sindh. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Politics in Pakistan. 6. Washington: American Enterprise. 1972. 1987. K. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. Lahore: Vanguard. Ethno . 12.The Emergence of Banglades. Ansar. nd. Mehmood. 1980. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. Haq. 1980. 7. 1967. 64 . The Political System of Pakistan. Lawrence. Aziz. Safdar.National Movement in Pakistan. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd.5. I. Wilcox.K. 1998. Muhammad Waseem. Sayeed. Political Parties in Pakistan. 1993. Vol. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. II & III. Ziring. 8. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Club Road. Islamabad. M.
21.A.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.Tadabar (Verse No1.A.220.127.116.11) Related to thinking.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.56. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar. 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.58.6.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.Annexure .A.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.A.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 .
3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt. in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .
“Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University.S. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. “Emergence of Islam” . Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr.” Hussain Hamid Hassan. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. Islamabad (2001) 67 . “Studies in Islamic Law. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. International Islamic University. Pakistan.3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. IRI. Bhatia. Ahmad Hasan.
College Algebra and Trigonometry. Beckenback EF. Boston Swokowski EW. 1986. Wooton W. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. introduction to sets. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. cube roots of unity. complex numbers. 1987.D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. 1978. equations reducible to quadratic equations. types. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. Houghton & Mifflin. geometric progression. PWS-Kent Company. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. PWS-Kent Company. matrix inverse. functions. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. set operations. trigonometric identities. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. system of linear equations. harmonic progression. types of functions.Annexure . Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. not majoring in mathematics. Sharron S. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. Cramer’s rule. Boston 68 . relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. determinants. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations.
Bevens I. Ma. intersection of two lines. left-hand and right-hand limits. angle between two lines. 69 . Calculus and Analytic Geometry. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Calculus (3rd edition). 1995. equation of a line. integration by parts. various forms of equation of a line. Boston Thomas GB. Recommended Books: Anton H. parallel and perpendicular lines. change of variables in indefinite integrals. 2005. 1983. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). rational and transcendental functions. derivatives. Davis S. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. not majoring in mathematics. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. continuous functions. distance between a point and a line. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. solution of equations involving absolute values. inequalities. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. continuity. John Wiley. USA 3. differentiation of polynomial. Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. distance between two points. Calculus (11th edition). 2005. PWS-Kent Company. Reading. integration by substitution. slope of a line. New York Stewart J. not majoring in mathematics. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. functions and their graphs. Addison-Wesley. Finney AR.2. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line.
PWS-Kent Company. types of functions. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S.Circle: Equation of a circle. Freshman and Company. hyperbola. determinants. Cramer’s rule. types of matrices. inverse of matrices. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. nature of roots of quadratic equations. • Contents 1. 1986. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. College Algebra and Trigonometry. Boston 4. intersection of lines and circles. Boston Swokowski EW. 1969 Kaufmann JE. Scott. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). equations reducible to quadratic equations. locus of a point in various conditions. ellipse. Analytic Geometry. Introduction to sets. set operations. : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. 1987. 70 . functions. Conic Sections: Parabola. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). PWS-Kent Company. circles determined by various conditions. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. system of linear equations.
graphic presentation of the frequency distribution.geometric and harmonic progressions. Measures of dispersion: Range. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. individual. quartiles. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. bar frequency diagram histogram.. E. Latest Edition. tally sheet method. characteristics of statistics.. E. deciles and percentiles. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. trigonometric identities. Books Recommended: 1. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. J. Wilcox. 5. Boston. Graphs: Graph of straight line. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. 3. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. Latest Edition. Kaufmann. discrete and continuous series. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. frequency polygon. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. relationship of statistics with social science... circle and trigonometric functions. 4. variance. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. W. Swokowski. 2. ungrouped and grouped data. standard deviation. E. cumulative frequency curve. Prentice Hall. R. array. PWS-Kent Company. types of frequency series. skewness and kurtosis. moments. R. 2. 71 . R. Walpole. Latest Edition. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’.
Inequalities. et al. and Transcendental Functions. I. reduction formulae. 2005. S. Bevens. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. McCallum. 2. 6. Calculus Single and Multivariable. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. W. theorems of differentiation. 11th Edition. Davis. 8th edition. E. Hughes-Hallett. Slope of a Line. Schaum’s Outline Series. Extreme Values of Functions. sinusoidal function. 1983. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. Boston. John Wiley & Sons. Addison Wesley publishing company. logarithmic differentiation. Rational and Transcendental Functions. infinite and improper integrals.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. Second Edition 1992. Inc. H. integration using partial fractions. Rational Functions. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . Equation of a Line. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. 4. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. 1999. integration by inspection. Solution of equations involving absolute values. special points of a function. Prentice-Hall. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. Elliott Mendelson. integral inequalities. Leibnitz’ theorem. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus. 2. Inc. Thomas. Mathews. Recommended Books: 1. 5. applications of integration. Continuous Functions. Continuity. 2002. the inverse of differentiation. products. Frank A. 6. Jhon Willey & Sons.Jr. Calculus. Least-Squares Line. the chain rule. quotients. plane polar coordinates. 2005. Trigonometric Functions. integration by parts. 3rd Edition. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. Anton. Calculus. implicit differentiation. 4th edition. 3. Contents 1. Integration by Parts. Swokowski. substitution method. Calculus. Gleason. • Integration Integration from first principles. John H. logarithmic integration. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering.
modulus and argument. complex conjugate. arithmetico-geometric series. identities of hyperbolic functions. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. series involving natural numbers. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. geometric series. solving hyperbolic equations. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 . division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. finding the nth roots of unity. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. multiplication. the difference method.Additions and subtraction. inverses of hyperbolic functions. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. approximation errors in Taylor series. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4.
of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 . mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix.5. line to line. Pappus’ theorems. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. moments of inertia. vector product. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7. centers of mass and centroids. of a unitary matrix. Hermitian. symmetric and antisymmetric. Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. scalar triple product. point to plane. the inner product. masses. orthogonal. 6.
Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. spherical polar coordinates 75 . div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. divergence of a vector field. differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field.8. combinations of grad. curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products.
bias. Histogram. Test statistics. Exercises. definition of outliers and their detection. Type-I and Type-II errors. sample design and sampling frame. Probability and Probability Distributions. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Unit 4. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. Stem and Leaf Display. Exercises. Absolute and relative measures. null and alternative hypothesis. Different types of Averages.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Exercises. Types of frequency curves. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Exercises. Unit 2. Change of origin and scale. Exercises. Empirical Relation between Mean. Moments and Moments ratios. Unit 7. Median and mode. Exercises Unit 6. Significant digits. Poisson and Normal Distribution. Pie chart. The Mode. The Variance and standard deviation. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Population. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. properties of Good Average. Standardized variables. Exercises. Range. acceptance and rejection regions. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Graphs and their Construction. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Coefficient of variation. The semi-Interquartile Range. 76 . sampling and non sampling errors. level of significance. Errors of measurement. Rounding of a Number. Unit 3. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution.Annexure . Box and Whisker Plot. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. The Mean Deviation. Collection of primary and secondary data. Unit 5. Editing of Data. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Discrete and continuous variables. Historigram. sampling with and without replacement. Quantiles. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. probability and non-probability sampling. Diagrams. Statistical problem. Data. Ogive for Discrete Variable. Observations. Difference of means and proportions. Presentation of Data Introduction. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Bar charts. Sources.
2 Muhammad. Exercises Unit 10. r and R2. R. Regression and Correlation Introduction. 2005. Exercises Unit 9.. F. Kitab Markaz. Testing of Hypothesis. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. 77 . Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. cause and effect relationships. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. 1982.Unit 8. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. Macmillan Publishing Co. Inc. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. 3rd Ed. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. simple linear regression. Contingency Tables. Exercises. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. its estimation and interpretation.Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. E. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. Coefficient of linear correlation. Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole.. Correlation. “Introduction to Statistics”. Unit 11. examples. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters.Single Population Introduction. New York.
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