(Revised 2009)


Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director


1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………

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dated December 4th 1976. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 . revised the curriculum in light of the unified template.ALTAF ALI G. the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. therefore. 2009 at the HEC Regional Center. The world has turned into a global village. Lahore. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. and 36. It also aimed to give a basic. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours.PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. R&D organizations. DR. 63. the Federal Government vide notification No. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic. PROF.). In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. degree awarding institutions. imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses. D773/76-JEA (cur. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. respective accreditation councils and stake holders. universities and other institutions of higher education. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. It is. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream.


Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre. Member 6 . Dr. Rawalpindi Dr. Member 3. Dr. Lahore Member 6. Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr. Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall. Member 4. Dr. Member 5. April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline. Following attended the meeting:1. Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. Rawalpindi Dr. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. 7. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. Karachi from 28-30.

Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof. 13.8. 7 . Dr. Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore. Member 14. Dr. Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr. Dr. Prof. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9. Member 16. Karachi Member 12. Member 11. Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. Prof. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. Member 15. Dr. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. Dr. Member 10. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr. Dr.

The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. Mr. the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. Dr. Member 19. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. Shafiq-ur-Rehman. Dr. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society. 2. Director of HEC Regional Center. Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. The meeting was opened by Mr. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. 8 . Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. Faisalabad Member 18. Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. Islamabad coordinated the meeting. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science.17. At first. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards. Chairman. 1. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement. Karachi. Member 20. Mr. Secretary Dr. Muhammad Rafiq Rai.

The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. 3. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment. Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities. Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. 2.3. 4. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. 1. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development. The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses. In last few centuries. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. 5. Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 . 6. The committee thanked Mr. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development. The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities.

professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii. in its preliminary meeting. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science. This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 . Apply theoretical understanding. Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. regional and global contexts. skills and behaviour patterns. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility. Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. This committee. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv. Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development. and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. 5. ii.

assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science. The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level. eight semesters in the semester system..e. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. The 11 . The medium of instruction. 3. 6. with consensus. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English. Integrating natural sciences. pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme. Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals. 4. A. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3. 1. 5. that: 1. UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles. skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes. Sc. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration. DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F. 2. Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment.

SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7.proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. English-I 6. Environmental Physics 16. Fundamentals of Ecology 20. Environmental Microbiology 21. Environmental Chemistry 15. Introduction to Environmental Science 2. Psychology* . English-III 18. The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order. Biology –I* 3. Introduction to Computer 14. Introduction to Earth Science 8. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. Biology –II* 9. Introductory Economics* 17. Sociology/Anthropology* 11. Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13. Environmental Pollution 22. Climatology* 23. English-II 12. Basic Chemistry* 4. Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5.

44.24. Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours . Environmental Economics 29. Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25. Research Methods in Environmental Science 41. English-IV/ Univ. Climate Change 38. Environmental Impact Assessment 39. Environmental Biotechnology 32. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30. Natural Resource Management 40. Environmental Monitoring 36. Environmental Management Systems 34. ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37. 45. 46. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. Applied Ecology 26. ELECTIVE-III 42. Environmental toxicology 27. ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43. Opt. Biodiversity & Conservation 35.

• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical. • Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .

Schoch. socio-economic. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. McKinney. Recommended Books: 1. R. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future. & Nebel.B & Keller. 4th Ed. current global. & Yonavjak.I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life. urbanization. 2007 3. M. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Different aspects of environment: physical. 4. philosophical. proteins and nucleic acids. environmental pollution.DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline. 2002. 15 .A. L. G. 10th Ed. Pearson Educational. 2007.J. John Wiley & Sons. ecological. and their relationships with various environmental factors. B. Environmental Science: systems and solutions.T. biological and social. Miller. R. Wright. Environmental Science: working with the Earth. national. history. poverty and resource depletion. development in industry and agriculture. Major components of environment: physico-chemical. 2. regional. ethical. Thomson Learning. The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms.. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates.L. lipids. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts. Botkin. D. 6th Ed.M. Human environment and its problems: global. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society. its importance in human life. 2007.. E. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY . its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment.

Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin. Canada. carbonyls. 2007. B. The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus. 1996. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations. carboxylic acids. 2007. Nucleic acids. covalent.. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology. Bulter. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. USA. chemical basis of life. chemical diversity. origin of metabolism. Introduction to cell biology. Ltd. Starr. R. 5th Edetion. Structure and the basis of function. the molecule of genetic information and replication. Study of mitosis in onion root tip. lipids. protobionts. amines). A. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals.. Aromatic compounds. lipids. Wadsworth Group. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Biology: a Human Emphasis. proteins. New York. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. Plopper. carbohydrates. 2. and Lewis. coordinate covalent bond. Crossley. McGraw. 8th Ed. 1. 2003. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods.. Shier.. The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry.. USA. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. E. G. J. Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell. D. Origin of life: chemical evolution. L. 3. and Whitelaw. M. N. C.Hill International Edition. Australia . 16 . Molecular Biology through Questions. USA. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa. 2008. R. Cell division. esters. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding. Ionic. phospholipids in membrane systems. Lingappa. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. polypeptides in protein diversity. 4. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. Cassimeris. V. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. Lewis. Self Assessment and Revie. Cells. 5.

5. Surface chemistry. Thomson and Brooks. angle-sum formula. Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations). Jickells. Blackwell Science. Sequence and series: Arithmetic. B. coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane. 2004. 4. 2.Special Products (Binomial Expression). J. real line.. Hill. molal.. straight line and related concepts. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry.. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. T.K. values of trigonometric functions. geometric and harmonic sequence. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula.ions. Skoog. J. Harris. Andrews. 8th Edition. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. simultaneous equations and their solutions.A. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles. 6th Edition. Photochemical reactions. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. USA. Use of spectrophotometric techniques. Column chromatography. 3. 2004. 1st Ed. double angle formulas. Recommended Books: 1. Osmosis and Dialysis. COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences. Jones and Barlett.E. P. Understanding Environmental Pollution. Freeman and Company.. equations of lines (linear equations). and Holler.J. and Reid. M. Brimblecombe.. W.H. Canada. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. Solution chemistry. Liss.E. graphs. Binomial theorem (Simple applications).. F. Cambridge University Press. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra. 2nd Edition. P. D. expansion of determinants.J. UK. Algebra of matrices. Thin layer chromatography. law of Cosines. Girard. USA.M. 17 . EC and TDS in waste water. D.. 2004. minor and cofactor of a matrix. 2nd Edition. West. normal solutions/buffers.S. determinants. radicals. Matrices and Determinants: Matrix.C.D.. Measurement of pH.. D. series and means. Colloids chemistry. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional). 2005. Lab Work Preparation of molar. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. 2003. UK. concepts of six basic trigonometric functions.

. joints. Pacific Grove. J. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system..Cramer’s Rule. lineation and unconformities. age. 3. difference. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. foliation. Introduction to folds. nonrepeated linear factors. Smith. different earth processes like mountain buildings. New Delhi. by parts integration (simple applications). earthquakes.B. Introduction to sedimentary. Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography. Jr. Chatterjee. Introduction to rocks and minerals. faults. K. 18 . the processes of their formation. Earth as a member of solar system. This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals.Wesley. Addission. theorem of integration. California. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension. Fossils and their significance. 10th Ed. mountain building. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions. 1999. Scott Foresman and Company. erosion and related landforms. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation. cleavages.A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure . R. and Finney. 2. Trignometry for College students. irreducible quadratic factors. G. Thomas. weathering and erosion. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. product and quotient rules without derivations). earthquakes and volcanoes. S. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. its origin. plate tectonics. Narosa Publishing House. L. Weathering.B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. 4th Ed. COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure . Integration: Formulas of integration. theorems on differentiation (sum. igneous and metamorphic rocks. D. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors. 4. Analytical Geometry. composition and its internal structure. Chain rule. Abraham. Recommended Books: 1.

Prentice Hall: 2006.. Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology. protocell formation. Lamarckism. J.. Geographical aspects of biodiversity.. D. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms. K. Lutgens. and Tasa. E. COURSE 8 BIOLOGY . Darwinism. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. multicellularity. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water. 9th Edition.Identification of rocks and minerals. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity. Wicander. E.. population loss and decline. modern concepts. G.. J. Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories. biodiversity crises. Routledge. 2007 3. Geological time chart with biodiversity. Prentice Hall. F. Use of brunton compass and GPS. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps. 19 . 2005. How Does Earth Work. R. Field Study tour. 3rd Edition. K. Park. Lutgens. Tarbuck. F.II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution. Tarbuck. crucial for organisms’ sustainability. 5. and Tasa. G. Biodiversity of canal. molecular basis of biodiversity. Life in sea. 11th Edition. Biodiversity of deserts. J. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat.. Physical Geology and Process of Science. Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life. measuring biodiversity. Recommended Books: 1. 5th Edition.. causes of extinction. Foundations of Structural Biology. consequences of losing biodiversity. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation. interactions among diversified life. Earth Science. different classification systems. Brooks/Cole.. 2007 2. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification. R. animals). D. examples of adjustments in varied environment. invasion of life on land. Smith. 4. and Monroe. Biodiversity of hilly areas. and Pun.. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. unicellularity. 2004. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis. Prentice Hall. A.

I. Chronological. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. K. UK. and Sustainable Living. Wadsworth Group. Inc. 3. Goals and expectations.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. Hannen. 2005. Gaston. power & hegemony. J. New York: New York University Press. Biology. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. J.E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems. 2006. Townsend. 2009. Bradbury. New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. 2. UK. USA. Crumley. a Human Emphasis. Inc. and concerns. 2000. 5th Edition. Culture. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology. 2nd Edition. Nora and Wilk. The Biosphere. Prospect Heights. Recommended Books: 1. IL:WavelandPress. Contemporary environmental status. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. John Wiley and Sons. Tripartite nature of environment. Blackwell Science Ltd. Understanding the environment-human relationship. Routledge. Walnut Creek. C. 3. Environmental Risks and the Media. Adam. I. Use of environment for vested interest. Allan & Carter. Consumption. Contemporary environment issues and debate. COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure . UK. 2001. 2003. globalization and environmental issues.. Conceptualizing environment. and Spicer. L. Scope and application.K. (editors). culture and society. R. 20 . 3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions. Biodiversity (An Introduction). CA: AltaMira Press. 2. (editor). K. C.. 4. 2009. Perspective of human-environment evolution. The Ecology of global consumer culture. P. Starr.

H. as are their effects on the biosphere. Recommended Books: 1. Local Area Network.C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components. Milton. Course Outlines Definition. Kluwer Academic Publishers. After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry.London 1996. 21 . Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures. Ed. Configurations. Introduction to MS-Word. Selin. 2. Operating system (Windows). G. Ms-Access. output hardware. Marquis A. e-mail. Fundamentals of computer.1999. processing hardware.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure . computer programs and basic applications.. Courter.5.BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment. Software: Application software.. software packages. Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse. Ms-Excel. physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry. internet. system software. Long N.6th Ed. Ms-Power Point. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere. Long l. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion. Hardware: Input Hardware. Types and classification of computers. 6. K. COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure . Storage hardware. 2003. Rutledge.Microsoft office 2000.

Environmental Chemistry. atmospheric and soil chemistry. Canada.. 2005.T. 2004. Andrews. P.E.. Turbulent jets and plumes. Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics. interaction of light with matter. Samir. Turbulence. Nuclear energy. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light. Basic acoustics. Environmental impact of various industries. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Diffusion. Radioactivity and nuclear physics.. Gaussian plumes in the air. Jickells. Ibanez. 5. M. Ozone chemistry. Recommended Books: 1. P. 2nd Edition.Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry. Human perceptions and noise criteria. Environmental Science. G. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants..G. Electromagnetic radiation. Reducing the transmission of sound. 3.. Brimblecombe.. B. Environmental Chemistry.M. J. Particle physics. Energy. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems. 1st Edition. Liquids and Gasses. Conversion of mass. A. C. J. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light. 2004. and Singh. and Reid. Fundamentals of aquatic... K. USA. Chemical reactions. Measurement and comparison of the 22 . India. COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter. Girard. Fate of pollutants in environment. Isotopes and radioactive decay. T. Transport of pollutants.E. Ozone and UV light. Miller. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer. photosynthesis. its causes and adverse effects on environment. their sources and toxic actions. 2. UK. Jones and Barlett. Turbulent diffusion.. M. Thomson-Brooks. Sound and Noise. Global climate and climatic change. Liss. Banerji Prentice Hall of India.S. Blackwell Science. Heat radiation and heat transfer.D.J. Hernandez-Esparza. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts. Equations of fluid dynamics. 2008. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. Entropy. trophic level. J. Active control of sound. Springer. DoriaSerrano. Energy conversion. Fregoso-Infante. Germany. 4.. 1999. Solar spectrum.. Solids.

Todaro. New York.Economic development. Yusuf. 7th Ed. J. Impact of economic activity on environment. Recommended Books: 1. 2001. Environmental economics. Field visit. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. Smith.. 2008. and Pandis. USA.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. USA. G. Boeker. Recommended Books: 1. Wesely Publishers. economic progress. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development. S. Economic management and environmental quality. 2. COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. Man environmental relationship. and Resource allocation. Course Outlines Introduction to economics. USA. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods. Pakistan economic context: National income. Natural resources and the economy. 23 . Measures for sustainable development. Growth and development. C. Guyot. 2. UK. 3. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. E. USA. H. Environmental Physics. Kentucky USA. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. economic welfare and difference among all.1998. and Van Grondelle. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. concepts and measurement. poverty. Praxis publishing. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter. Producer behavior. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Physics of the Environment and Climate. economic growth and its measurement. Economic functions of environment. Routledge. Introductory Environmental Physics. Growth and Environment. R. Economic Development. N. producer and community point of view. 2001. economic growth. World Bank Publications. interaction between ecology and economic management. 2008. S. Seinfeld. P. 4. John Wiley and Sons Inc. 2006. M. population and environmental quality. Sustainable development.

Kessinger Publishing.A. Touchstone Books. population. Ecology. Shogren. and White. Palgrave Macmillan. B. 2007. R. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy. England. USA. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy. 4. M. Ecosystem and its types. Portland 1967. temperature. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale. Introduction to ethical theory. community and ecosystem. Recommended Books: 1. World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. B. its fundamental concepts. Russell. 2009. LLC. 2. soil. 2008. 4. Hanley.3. World Bank Publications. species. Callicott. Farmington Hills. B. 2008. J. J. SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology. community. role of light. water. Economics. Frodeman. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources... description of population. levels of ecological organization. Environmental philosophy and ethics. A History of Western Philosophy. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. Swift. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview.. Natural philosophy. Environmental Critics of agriculture. 3.. concepts and approaches. D. the ethics of soil. USA. and systems ecology. ethics and ecology. & Pierce.V. Course Outlines Introduction. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy. WCIV7AA. London. 24 .A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems. biogeography. N. International Thomson Publishing. DeVeer. branches of ecology. C. 2002. COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure .

Microbial metabolism. and More. WCB/McGraw-Hill. J. students will be able to understand the significance. Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. and Barett. 2. Thomson Brooks/Cole. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. After completion of this course. Chapman. Biomes of the world. distribution limits. landscape changes and their importance. COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment. Fundamentals of Ecology. 2004. aquatic microbiology. Ecology (concepts and applications. bacteria and eukarya. aero-microbiology and food microbiology. C. 2001 5. UK. Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. Systems ecology. N. UK. Biogeochemical cycles of C. B. habitat and niche. J. Ecosystem: structure and function. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea. Odum. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. C. population dynamics. plant geography and animal distribution.Cox. King’s College London.L and Reiss. Concepts of Limiting factors. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. Tata McGraw-Hill. Population distribution and abundance. landscape ecology. 6th Ed. M. characteristics of urban. role and application of microorganisms in the environment. 3. 2000. Microbiology of terrestrial environments. G. ecological modeling. 1st Ed. Dash. Lab Work 25 . 1999 4. and S. New Delhi. Ecology (principles and applications). P. various concepts of community. agricultural and industrial ecosystems. Cambridge University Press. E P. M J. Recommended Books 1. community dynamics.) Moles.topography and air as ecological factors. Fundamentals of Ecology. M C J 1st ed. 5th Ed. 1992. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems. biotic factors. with special emphasis on their environmental impact. productivity of different ecosystems.W. New York. Populations.

. P. D. M. 1995. Hartel.W. London. M. 4. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution. its sources and their effects. Cambridge University Press. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal. L. Sylvia.F. G. 2005.J. Maier. Recommended Books: 1..B. A. Academic Press. Prentice Hall. Harley.A.P. (Elsevier) USA. UK.I..Gerba.L. USA. USA. Cambridge UK. 2nd Edition. 2.J.L. 2 Edition. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water. 2007. Prescott..V. Academic Press. USA. Knudsen. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel. L.A. McGraw Hill Inc. Water. American Society for Microbiology. Dilution plate technique. D. Effects of Pollutants. Collection. 2002.. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology. peppor..J.G. Washington DC. Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents..P. 4th Edition. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution.C. Mean plate count. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic. Fate of Environmental Pollutants. R.. W.M. Hill.Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection.M.M. Manual of Environmental Microbiology. I. USA. 5. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally. purification and preservation. Solid Waste generation. D.. Types of Environmental pollution: Air. R. McInernery. New Jersey. and Jeffery. J. USA.. and Gerba. nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution. Microbiology. 2005. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines. C. Crawford. Case Studies. and Zuberer.and Vesilaind. Hurrst. 3. Understanding Environmental Pollution.. Soil. 2009. Butterworth-Heinemann. P. Fuhrmann. Pollution Control Strategies. J.P. Human & other living organisms. and Stetzenbach..L. 3. Marine & Industrial pollution. and Klein. Academic Press. transportation & treatments. isolation.D. Recommended Books 1. International Protocols (BASAL Convention).and Brendecke. F. C. J. Peiece.J. 2005.R. 26 . Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual. Weiner.A.J. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution.K. Pepper. Noise. Environmental Pollution and Control. 2.1998.. Environmental Microbiology.

air pressure.2nd Editions. The Hydrologic cycle. The Atmosphere. Tarbuck.W. 6th Edition. COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences. 2. Sadder. Cloud Classification. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . local winds. Climatology.F. climatic zones of Pakistan.K.J. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. K. Royal book company. 2003. 3. . The Physics of Atmospheres. Mechanism of heat transfer. Pandis.. John Wiley and Sons. Four Spheres of the Earth. condensation and cloud Formation. Radiation and climate. 1992. Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere. Recommended Books: 1. Austin Miller. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere. N. Factors affecting air Pressure. Shamshad. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology. Spyros. Surface winds. A. Solar radiations. Methods of psychology. Karachi. Lutgens. Weather and Climate.4. The climate of Pakistan. Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided. global circulation.M. American Public Health Association (APHA).. Houghton J. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment. A brief historical background and schools of psychology.. Environmental psychology.From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). concept of Seasons in the classification of climate.. Cambridge University Press. processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems. Marcel Dekkar. Heat and the Earth's atmosphere. 27 . 5. Lawrance K. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications. 2002. 4. Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History. 2006 5. The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan.E. 1988. John H.

P. Fundamental of Psychology. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives. energy and carbon balance. COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. carbon dioxide and global climate change. rivers. and Baum A. Sustainable livestock management practices.A. Greene. Routledge. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. Recommended Books: 1.C. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change. Water and distribution of species. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. threats and mitigation.W. Environmental perception and cognition. London. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species. Background and scope. 5th Edition. Ecology of food production. Environmental Psychology. Sustainable agricultural practices. Routledge. London. Water as an ecological resource... Pollution control through Ecology. soil salinity and water logging. Soil as a natural resource. Eysenck. sustainable agriculture. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture. CRC Press. 2. species response to pollutants. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine. limitation of irrigated agriculture. Course Outline Introduction. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts. Ecological restoration. T. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. M. Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. their management and ecological restoration. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Fisher J. 2001. 28 . Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. 1992. soil erosion and conservation. Restoration of derelict lands. CRC Press. techniques and methods of restoration. concepts. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. Future water scenario of Pakistan. High population density and psychological impacts. soil resources of Pakistan.characteristics and research methods. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan.D. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. Bell. solar radiation and primary production.

R. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. Peshawar. Islamabad. USA. in vivo & in vitro assays. dose response relationship in living organisms. and Memon. biological effects. and Hobbs. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures. Determination of chemicals in biological samples. 4. Shirkat Gah.P.1998. on human and other living organisms. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications. A. terminologies: Poisons. Odum E.. 5th Edition. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms. water and soil.W. Mumtaz. toxicology of chemicals.A. Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History.. Margaret A. toxins & toxicants.. Rashid. Chemical interactions and their types. Fundamentals of Ecology. Lahore. Synergism. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. University of Peshawar. E. 29 . toxins vs toxicants. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water. COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents. P. B.Recommended Books: 1. D. 3. 2006. K. from natural and anthropogenic sources. Toxicity: Types and its measurement. 1996. Falk. Thomson Brooks/Cole. their containment and control strategies. 5. 2004.. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. 1989. Determination of Interaction of chemicals.National Book Foundation. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic. J. Oxford. J. Foundations of Restoration Ecology. and Barett. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management. Potentiation and Addition. 2000 2. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. Immunological considerations in toxicology. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. Studies in Pakistan Geography. Pakistan’s Environment. Soil Science. Island Press. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. Organs. K and Habib. A. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system.S. G. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals. soil and air samples. Israr-ud-Din.I. Blackwell Scientific Publications. 2nd ed. toxicity screening using microbial systems. Newman. Zedler.

1996. economic aspects of different environmental problems. the economic benefits of different environmental resources. the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements. pollution control-a general model. Ballantyne. General and Applied Toxicology. 1st Edition.1 & 2. USA. 5th Edition. industry. Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. P. topographic zones. COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development. 3. T and Turner. water resources. CRC Press Llc. USA. education. State of the Environment-Pakistan . Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann. geography.).. Hughes. 1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis.2005 2. Government of Pakistan. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York. Recommended Books 1. McGrawhill. (ed. USA. the economy and the environment. Course Outlines Introduction to history. measuring environmental benefits.M. major ecosystems. M. Course Outlines Introduction. economic development and the environment. urbanization and pollution. Recommended Books: 30 . 1992. Klassen.Science of Poisons . clean development mechanism. international trade and the environment. 2005 2. Macmillan Press Ltd. B. Ecological: ecological zones. land. Williams. 3. 1993. W. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology. Vol. W. health. Economic: agriculture.Recommended Books 1. 1st Edition. people. Environmental Profile of Pakistan. First and Second law of Thermodynamics.D. culture.

Environmental Economics.I. 1999. precision and accuracy. Standard solutions and standard curves. and F. salinity & sodicity). D. 31 . A Greenberg (American Public Health Association).J. New York.A. 3.C. COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. Fluoride.. Titrimetery. Harris. D. Biomarkers in environmental assessment. 2. USA. Field.UK. Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH. Collingwood. Turner. 2. 3. Sample collection. Thomson and Brooks. COD. NO3–N & NH4-N). 2005. Skoog. Environmental Economics: An Introduction. preparation and storage. and Batemen. 2003. Analytical techniques for soil. 4.K. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. 1993. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual.I.W. D. I. Oxford University Press.R.. Gravimetery. Titrimetery. 8th Edition. A. Recommended Books: 1.2004. Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory. Use of Potentiometery. 6th Edition. J. Sample preservation methods. Peverill. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive. Australia.. Johns Hopkins University Press. Conductivitymetry.K. D. C. West. Conductivitymetry. Spectroscopy and Chromatography.and Field. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling. Pearce. Holler. Lab Work S. and derived S. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin. K. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry.D. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction. C. soil (NPK and organic matter contents. Oxford. L.L. BOD. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve. handling. Data interpretation for quality control. M. Kolstad. CSIRO Publ.. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. B. water and plant analysis. units. Reuter. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery. 2000.. All Solids. Gravimetery.1. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples. Freeman & Co..2002. M. Sparrow and D.

5th Ed. 2. J. Environmental Biotechnology.D. Chichoster. After completion of this course. A. 2005. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. England. 2009. J. D.). Government of Pakistan. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. 2001. students will be able to understand the significance. (ed. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment. National Biosafety Guidelines.W. Germany. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns. Recommended Books 1.. New York. Oxford University Press. and Josef. and application of biotechnology in the environment. Wiley-VCH Verlag. Bioreactors. USA. purification and preservation of DNA. organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution. New York. 2005.P. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd. USA. W.1999. COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 . 2nd Ed. National Biotechnology Commission. and Russel. Scragg. USA. Recombinant DNA technology. Biomarkers.E. Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques. Course Outlines Introduction.. Cambridge University Press. 4. Sambrook. PCR. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms. Tools in environmental biotechnology. Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems. J. Hans- Joachim. Introduction to microbial kinetics. Derbre. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures.COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments. Biotechnology. 3. Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants. Biosensor. 2007. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques. Isolation.

Interpretation. Using and reading GPS in field. F. Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. Fishery and wildlife. advantages and limitations of process. K and L. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. Campbell. Rancez. 5. Inc. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. John Wiley and Sons. Different types of maps. 2000. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). 2. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. analysis and output. Harvey. map projection and coordinate systems. COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. Types of data used in GIS. Z. 2008. R. Active and Passive remote sensing. Inc. 2000. Aerial photography. 1999. Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. Lulla. Data entry and output. Guilfoud press New York.Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. Introduction to Photogrammetry. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. Mc Graw Hill Education. 3. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1. Data acquisition. A. Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. Dessinov. History and data collection. integration of information from many sources. Energy Sources. Agriculture. Image Processing. Pearsons Education. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission. Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. 2009. 4. Jensen. Forestry. eradication of the duplicated data. history and platforms. Inc. Introduction to GIS. John Wiley and Sons. Preparation of thematic maps. V. Cartography. Satellite Imageries.

M. Michigan.C. standards and guidelines. Conservation of biodiversity. etc. need and approach. Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles. Khan. and Qasim. and Yoxon. 2001.This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits. 2005. COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production. Environmental Management tools. Environmental aspects and impacts. animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). 2006. B. economic.2nd Ed. F.3rd Edition . ecological. Environmental Economy. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. alpha and beta diversity. social and ethical values of biodiversity. Course Outlines Introduction. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management. 4. threats to biodiversity and its conservation. cleaner technologies. threats to biodiversity. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. 3. WWF Pakistan. 2. Environmental Management Systems Principles.. Sheldon. Related Environmental legislation. International Organization for Standardization. M. 1998. Certification of EMS. American Society for Quality. 34 . types of biodiversity. hot spots of biodiversity.. principles of Cleaner production. Methods of environmental protection. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label.). Systems and Support Techniques. Environment and sustainable development. A. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS). Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1. philosophical. plant. Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor.. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. eco-design. American Society for Quality.

Mirza.. conservation strategies. Quality assurance and quality control. 2000. sampling and design purposes. international agreements. Conservation of wildlife. population. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques.B. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples. Considerations. and Morre. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan. habitats. 3. role of traditional knowledge in conservation. Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures. water. refrigeration and freezing methods. plants. C. air. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora. ecotourism. role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. quality assessment. Recommended Books: 1.D. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing. presampling requirements/information. Saad Printers. 2000. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i. in-situ and ex-situ conservation. community and ecosystem level. Legal protection of species. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring. Associates Inc. conservation in man-made ecosystems. Rawalpindi. Z... Preservation methods including pH control. cities. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan. London. Sinauer. 1998. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes. 2. Kings College. Biogeography. management. their categories.conservation at species. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. Cox. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. chemical addition. design and types of samples. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment. Sunderland. Publ. field custody. national and international laws and regulations. soil and living organisms. A Primer for Conservation Biology. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring. NOC for plant operation. Course Outlines Introduction.R. P. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme. Lab Work Sampling techniques (air. laboratory custody. forests. EIA requirement. quality control sampling.e. Lahore). 35 .B. 2ndEd. conservation and livelihood. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan. protected areas. croplands.B. P.

Korte. Regional droughts and 36 . 2008. altered community structure. USA. D. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide. and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change. USA. R. UK. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. D. N. Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate. 6. The Measurement of Climate Change. Lewis Publisher London. human health. Japan Association on Remote Sensing. . 2002. 3. Air Pollution and Acid Rain. 2008. Ozone depletion. 5. Energy and Temperature. 2002.) McGraw-Hill. 1992. biological. Burden. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. its causes and effects. Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change. Physical. E. S. New York. extinctions. Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change. and social factors contributing to climate and global change.. Moisture in the Atmosphere. 2000. Peakall. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course. Chuviero. Chapman and Hall. regional.1999. phenological changes. I. Patterns in Winds and Pressure. (ed) Springer. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. E. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. USA. F. H. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts.Recommended Books: 1. Manahan. Tokyo.USA. Forstner U. agriculture. and Guethner. Keith. S. chemical. (eds.1996.. Remote Sensing Note. Human responses to potential climate change. Environmental Chemistry. McKlivie. Murai. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention. Recent Climate Change Indicators. Precipitation. Earth Observation of Global Change. 2. 2nd Edition. 7. L. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. 8.

Hardy. Sringer. Recommended Books: 1. liquid. Recommended Books: 1. London. 2. J. EIA project management. and Solutions. R.. impact analysis. principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society.Causes. 2000. Islamabad. Oxford. Blackwell. 5. Climate Change . Islamabad. 4. law. & Nixon. public involvement. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan. 2003. 37 . decision-making to implement the project.. 2004. 2005.Causes. and Solutions. Glasson. Harrop. 3. Keith. overview. 2003. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. 2005. Therivel. Ministry of Housing and Works. Types & Resources to produce Energy. Hardy. 6. A. social impact assessment (SIA). project implementation and follow up. Petts. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts. Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2). Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems. Effects.T. review of EIA quality. solids. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. screening. 4. T.A. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels. J. 1986. Earthscan Publication Ltd. 1994. 1st Edition. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. (ed. John Wiley & Sons.(ed). 2. D. Main stages in EIA process. reporting. A. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. London. 2005. COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project. Climate Change . J. Global Warming and Climate Change.. EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan. J. National Book Foundation.. Effects.cataclysmic climate change. J. Routledge.. Houghton. and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction.). Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. and Chadwick. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems. Cost and benefits of EIA. role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis. 1999. Global Change and the earth system. scoping. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment. John Wiley & Sons.. 3. and noise. mitigation and impact management.O.. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice.

Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan. Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources. A. existing management approaches. importance. Everitt. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies. H.. methodologies. limitation in the future. process and contents of the management plan. Conservation in Progress. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy.5. R.. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. Evans. threat and its causes. Goldsmith. Types. best available option for future. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources. requirement. B. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. R. their pros and cons. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. 2nd Edition. their current status and threats. Carpenter. threats. M. solar power. and Tu. national agriculture policy. S. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. management options. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area.). problem in agriculture. wind power and nuclear power. national example. 1993. J.B and Warren. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia. wildlife census. Development of Management Plan: needs. 2002. Rangeland Management: existing status. agriculture products and their share in GDP. Watershed management: Importance basic principles. & McCabe. John Willey & Sons. New York. forest types and its existing management. B. agriculture chemicals. Asian Development Bank. 38 . national and provincial legislation.. 1997. Lohani.. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level. occurrence and distribution of natural resources. Sadler. COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification. (ed. USA.. causes and methods for its improvement.. effective management. Recommended Books: 1. F. United Nations Environment Programme. EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual. 6. management options.. Ludwig.

S. Sampling: the logic of sampling. Research Proposal: its importance . J.L..E. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. New York. 2007. Interviews. V. Review of Literature. to introduce students to research design. Objectives. Surveys. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design. 5. Scientific Methods. 3. 39 . concepts and terminologies. USA. Thousand Oaks. & Plano Clark. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research. Search Engines. GOP and IUCN. R. Bibliography. Review of Literature. Selecting the Research Method. research methods. Methodology. Hansen. John Wiley & Sons. W. Inference based on findings. Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison). 4. Literature Search: Database. Dasmann. London. Environmental Conservation. Questionnaire. Creswell. Elsevier. Research Design & Research Methods. Islamabad.Amsterdam. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically.A pre-requisite for Research. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). population and sampling frames. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data.1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study. 1984.2. Case Studies. Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf. Material Methods. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods.F. 1990. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1. Sage CA. Scientific Research: Science. 1992. How to put things together? Introduction. and Jorqensen. types of sampling design/. Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. P. Experimental Research.E.

4. Marilyn F. National Conservation Strategy 5. National Environmental Policy 4. 3rd Edition.. Recommended Books: 1. Diamon. 1997. R. Univ. The Craft of Research by Wayne C. Qadar. Government of Pakistan 3. Booth.. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act.USA. Babbie. 6. Sage Publishers. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan. Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation. 2003. 2nd Edition. 1997. 2003. SNBP Local Government Ordinance. 3.2. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development. USA. Students project in Environmental Science. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans.Batty. Moriarty.Harrad.h. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance. Robert Yin. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. 2001 and the rules of business made there under.S. USA. Chichester. regulations made there under. 2000. Belmont California. Survey Research Methods. 2. Law Books House. 2008. of Chicago Press. and Arhonditsis. 5.. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan. M.. G. E. Wadsworth Publishing Company. 2001. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 . 1989. Writing Science Through Critical Thinking. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers. S. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules. John and sons Ltd. England.

This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.

Course Outline
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations

Recommended Books:
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45


3 (3-0)

The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.

Course Outlines

Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste

Recommended Books:
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46



To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)

Course Outlines
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.

Recommended Books:
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,

5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.


. Ahmed. 6. Biswas. Mirajuddin Publication . 2003. Asia Printer. The Politics of Managing Water. Indus Water Accord 1991. 4. integrated water resources management (IWRM). 2. Mirajuddin Publication . tubewells. N. Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization.Varis. like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. Khan. Pakistan . K. 5. R. Bengali. recycling and re-use of wastewater. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment. R. it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects. C.. Oxford University Press Karachi. I. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan. Pakistan. O. and Malik.. groundwater exploitation. Briscoe.. P.E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan. water quality and quantity aspects. water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan. SDPI Oxford University Press. Cheema. climate change and its impacts on our future water resources. Islamabad. 1993. Lahore. Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT). A. water supply and demand management measures. 2006. 2005. Revised & enlarged edition. 2006. Islamabad. wetlands resources management. Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant. improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency. flood and droughts.. A. Course Outlines Water resource and its management. 3. Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia. fisheries management.. precipitation distribution in Pakistan.Lahore.K. and Tortajada. Oxford University Press New Delhi.. Ahmed. 44 . Recommended Books: 1. with drinking water facilities like springs. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. U. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry. Groundwater Resources of Pakistan. J. pollution aspects. Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. and Qamar.).1993. N.). (ed. (eds. hydrological cycle. watershed/catchment. virtual water. A. flood and drought management.

PrenticeHall. 1996. Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. urban settlements. Course Outlines Introduction..E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. Soil forming minerals. R. Urban ecosystem. 1. Hillel. and Weil. Factors and processes of soil formation. the salient features of urban environments. Soil degradation.T. N. 2007. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization. Urbanization. Upper Saddle River. NJ. 2008. Gardiner. 45 . future of urban centers. 11th Edition. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. NJ. urban flora and fauna. Causes of urbanization. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. R.W.C. 2007. D. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. San Diego. Physical and chemical properties of soil. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations. Prentice Hall. Forms of urbanization. D. humans as components of urban ecosystems. urban political ecology. R. management and green productivity. Pakistan. Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils. urban patterns and ecosystem functions. Bashir. and Bantel. Types and properties of parent materials. Process and outcome. Islamabad. soils. urbanization in Pakistan. residential mobility and the neighborhood change. CA. USA. hydrological processes. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. USA.. Upper Saddle River. Cation and anion exchange. After completion of this course. Academic Press. National Book Foundation. E. USA. transport. urban landscapes characteristics. Course Outlines Introduction.R. Soil Science. Soils in Our Environment. Soil buffering capacity and its importance. Brady. Definition. Miller.

Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments. London. 2000. UK. The planning process.. H. C. S. The Ecology of Urban Habitats. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. 2006. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability. 2004. Aims and Objectives of planning. USA.. Penguin Group. Hough. 5. Planning theories and concepts. Land use planning theories. Kate.. I. Alberti.. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area. 2004. Routledge.L. New York. 2. City Design for Sustainable Development. M. Elements of urban planning. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management.. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems. Recommended Books: 1. Scope. Hejny. J. 46 .and Kowaril. SAGE Publications Ltd. Justification for planning for city management. D. 4. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level. E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation. 1989. O. CRC Press LLC. UK. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. USA. 2009. Smith. New trends in planning and city management. London. A. 3. Hague. Silberstein. Gilbert. 2. The Works: Anatomy of a City.and Maser. V. nature and purpose of urban planning. UK. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans. Principles of planning. Routledge. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city. Levels of planning. Types of Urban Plans. Planning and its relationship with other professions.S. 1. M. SBS academic publishing. Springer. Ward. nd 2 Edition.Recommended Books: Urban Ecology. Sukopp. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. UR.1990. 2007. S. Planning and Urban Change. Chapman and Hall.

UK. It discusses a wide range of aspects. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research. D. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures. G. Cultural factors. Manila. The Guilford Press. 1991. and Woodrow. New York. 2nd Edition. Boulder . Government of Pakistan. Landslide..e. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). Kates. New York. R. Flooding. Flood Management: Organizational Role. 1993.F..W. Prediction. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies. Clara.. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum. P. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N. The Environment as Hazard Burton I. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies. E&UA Div. Islamabad. It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. Earthquake. 4. Different approaches and Indicators. Ministry of Housing and Works. Chapman & Hall. Natural Disasters Alexander. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards.UNESCO. Disaster Management: Components of management. Techniques and methods to assess hazard. 2. ADB. International phenomenon. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization. 4. Socio-economic factors. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches.. 1993. Introducing Town Planning. 1989.. Physical factors. Westview Press. Recommended Books: 1. Earthquake Management.3. H. Longman Group. Political factors.J. Paris. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development. i. 47 .. 1993.. 3. and White G. 1986. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies. Natural cycles and their role. Hazards.W.. Disaster as an opportunity for development. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters. M. Disaster Management Trainings and Policies.B. Role of Media in Disaster Management.

Jones & Bartlett Publishers. local. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. sustainable energy management. 3. OECD/IEA. Schoch. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America. hydropower. Sustainable livestock management. Ecological concept in crop and food production. 48 .. primary producers. Paris. McKinney.. 2007. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources. D. L. and Yonavjak. Consumer and producer relationship. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem.5. 6. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation.H. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. alternate energy resources. John Wiley and Sons. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems.. 2007.W. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals. A. energy resources of Pakistan. consumers. F. Quorum Books. M. biomass resources. 1984. USA. Agroecology. Westport. Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem. Phytoremediation and bioremediation. E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment. Disasters and Development Cuny. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers. Botkin. 4th Edition. 6th Edition. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. 2. E. environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources. solar. Farming practices for pests and weeds control. Perry R. 1. and Mushkatel. decomposers. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. 2001.L. 1983. types.C. New York. R. uses.M.A. Deforestation for agricultural purposes. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. merits and demerits of wind. energy resources.B and Keller. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life. Course Outlines Energy-development and environment. Biotic structure.

Kapur. and Sudha. 3.. 1990. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity.R. E-11 Seminar 49 . McGraw Hill Publishing Company. Yandermeer J. New York. New Delhi. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture. 2000. Recommended Books: 1. USA. C. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species.P. Westview Press.H.Determination of density and abundance of plant species. P. and Rossel. R. Agrocology. USA. Study of stratification and profile diagram. 1995.A. India. CBS Publishers and Distributors. 2. Corol. Altreri. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species. M. Experimental Plant Ecology.G. Boulder.M. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity.Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram. Study of index of diversity.

availability of the faculty and other facilities. the Committee agreed on the following principles. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor. 5. The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions. The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization. that: 1. 3. 4. 50 . The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines. The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme. 2.

16. 11. 24. 7. 21.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1. 20. 7. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 5. 6. Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. 25. 6. 2. 18. 26. 4. 23. 11. 12. 22. 17. 4. 8. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 . 9. 5. 13. 3. 10. 3. 14. 19. The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. 9. 2. 8. 12. 10. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. 15.

1991. Karachi..A. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling.E. Elsevier.S.. 2nd Edition. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems. F. Carrying capacity and sustainable development. and Jorqensen. Provincial and Local Strategies. Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management. Hansen. Treaties.T. Conventions and Protocols in Global. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS).. 1987. NCS. Amsterdam. 52 . Man-Environment Interaction in time and space. and Bell. FURTHER READINGS 1. 3. S. GOP and IUCN. London. Draft National Environmental Policy. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences. Mackenzie. 2. Relationship of culture. 4. Instruments and methods..DETAILS OF M. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan. Recommended Books: 1. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan. COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management. S. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. Ball. status of Terrestrial.1995. Hodder and Stoughton. D. Environment People and Economy. Conservation Strategies. 2. Oxford University Press. Islamabad. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan.. Mackenzie J. Oxford University Press. Money. 3. development of concepts. S.F. WCS. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change.1994.1994. Environmental control Policies.E. 1992. Khan K. Regional and International Environmental Issues. Geography of Pakistan. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment. London Black Stone Press Ltd. P. technology and resource use. 1991.

procedures and methods of EIA. sample collection and preservation. process. Recommended Books: 1. WB. World Bank. F & Bronstein. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. C.. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). England. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants. Gas Chromatography etc. Longman House. Environmental Chemical Analysis. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements. History. A one Publishers Lahore. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. 1995. role and importance. Cost benefit analysis of projects. Sectoral guidelines for EIA. sampling rules. Demographic impact assessment. DC.A. economic impact assessment. Harlow Essex. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). Washington. Ministry of Environment. 1993. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. 1995. Environment Department. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. Assessment of environmental impacts. opportunities and issues. Case Studies and review. K.Vanclay. Burnt Hill. John Wiley & Sons. Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. Air and Solid Waste. Wastewater. Ahmed. Government of Pakistan. Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment. Principles of physical. 2. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery. D. Greenberg (American Public Health Association). A. FURTHER READINGS 1. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. 53 . social impact assessment. Chichester. Environmental auditing. 3. Ed. 2.COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction. ecological impact assessment. UK. Longman Scientific and Technical. Wood. Recommended Books: 1. ed. Environmental and Social Impact assessment.

COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems. Government Policies and Programs. USA... Basic Environmental Health. Park. T.. Defining Project objectives. 2002. Reasons for Project success or failure. 1st Ed. New York. 4. assumptions. principles and practices. T. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. inputs. Inc. 5. 1993. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. Writing Project Proposal. Need identification. air borne. 1992. specific objectives. means of verification. J. Project Planning and Approval Processes. and Wright. B. 3. Project Initiation. 2001. Van Nostrand and Reinhold. K. safety techniques. outputs. Nebel. M/S Banarsid. 1997. 1st ed.2000. development objectives. 54 .. Project Planning. T. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. John Wiley and Sons. R. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. Environmental Health Engineering. 1998. prevention and control. UK. Resource Mobilization. Oxford University Press New York. Caeneross. Kjelllström.. feasibility study. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. Prentice Hall International Inc.. Accident prevention and safety plans. Recommended Books: 1. Ergonomic and Safety. Lippmann. L. Mantel s. indicators. R. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works)..COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project. de Kok.. Wiley Interscience. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic. London. J. 2nd Ed.. Primary health care services. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). work breakdown structure. A Guide to Project Management. economic evaluation. 2. Project Management Institute. Public health concept. Planning Commission Performas. Yassi. S. Meredith J. M. T. 2. and Guidotti. MS Project Recommended Books: 1. Project Life Cycle. A. USA. activities. Project Management: A Managerial Approach. Occupational Health: problems and issues. 1st Ed. communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne.

1990b. Sources of data. and Yonavjak. L.M. Switzerland. D. non-renewable and renewable. ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family. 2. 6th Edition. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management. 3. energy resources. transport. ISO Central Secretariat. hydropower.COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. Botkin. Towards a Sustainable Energy Future.B and Keller. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor. E. R. alternate energy resources. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. uses.. M. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal. 55 . 2007. energy resources of Pakistan. Environmental Auditing. bio-energy resources. Recommended Books: 1. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. Michigan-January 2001. nuclear) local. John Wiley and Sons. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. 1998. McKinney. USA. Environmental auditing. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment).L. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. Principles of cleaner production. Related Environmental regulations. types. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. 3. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). data collection and interpretation. 2001. Recommended Books: 1. principles and elements of the process of EMS. Paris. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. OECD/IEA. gas. Schoch. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. industry and domestic sectors. 4th Edition. petroleum. Paris. Sayre. solar. D. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms. 2.A. sustainable energy management for agriculture. St Luise Press. merits and demerits of wind. 4. 2007.

Springer. Silvertown. ECOPE 29. plant conservation.. Modeling of climate change.Causes. Climate Change . ED. 1st Edition. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics. T. Species richness. (Ed. Vegetation Ecology Ed. Climate Change and Ecosystems. Oxford UK. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Maarel. 4. Warrick. human activities and vegetation dynamics. J. 1. Earthscan Publication Ltd. 3. Berlin. The Green House Effect. Effects. Green House Gases. 2005. types and their climatic effects. John Wiley & Sons. 2. Introduction to Plant Population Biology. Hardy. J. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. 2. etc.COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. Climate Change .. climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. E. John Wiley & Sons. Houghton. global aspects of plant ecology. survival and extinction. Recommended Books: 1. 5. D. Blackwell Publishing. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. types of climate change models. and Solutions. 2003. D. 2004. E & Muller-Hohenstein. Recommended Books: 1. 2005. Climate change and food production. management and restoration. London. J. and Solutions. 2005. forests. 3. competition and coexistence. Oxford. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. geographical and temporal patterns. UK. Blackwell Publishing. Effects. K. Plant Ecology. Plant population dynamics. plant invasions. 56 . John Wiley & Sons. Beck. water resources. 2005.).T.D. COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. Life history strategies of plants.Causes. Shulze. Chichester. UK 1991. Hardy. resources and plants. vegetation dynamics. 2003. B & Jager. & Charlesworth.

Oxford. Protected areas. 1998. 2004. UK. Cambridge University Press. 3. Roberts.COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction. 1992. Principles of Wildlife Management. T. 5. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation. Weddell. biological diversity. Loss of biodiversity. Forests. W. S. Sustainable forest management. threats and conservation. Establishment and management of protected areas. John Wiley And Sons. Mcmillan. types. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity. Cambridge. Participatory forest management. 4. And Bolen.) Gaston.B. Status of forests in Pakistan. & Ripley. Oxford University Press. II). COURSE 11 WILDLIFE. their importance. Rangeland management. Global and national biodiversity. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. 2. 2002. Publishers Sunderland. 3. Threatened animals and plants. B. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan. types. management. Cambridge. Bailey. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. Primack. its causes.J.J. London. Wildlife of Pakistan. Wildlife Ecology and Management. habitats and ecosystems. Robinson. Conserving Living Natural Resources. 57 . kinds.J. Oxford. 1973 2. Wetlands. R. 1984. S. 1986. distribution. Blackwell Publsihing. Oxford.G. Biodiversity: An introduction. Protected areas in Pakistan. Inc. Recommended Books: 1. T. Forest plantations.L. distribution and management. FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. K. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. Protection and restoration of species. Extinction of species.A. USA. Oxford University Press. their types and role in conservation. Consumptive. deforestation and its control. 2002. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali. Sinauer Assocaites.(2nd Ed. E.J. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. J. I).D. & Spicer. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity. UK. Recommended Books: 1. status. distribution. Essentials of Conservation Biology. Oxford University Press. Roberts. problems and solutions. J. their ecological and economic importance.

58 . Government of Pakistan. drinking water and solid waste in cities. future of urban centers. London. V. Urban planning and management in Pakistan. Sustainable cities. urban political ecology. S. USA. Planning and Urban Change.and Maser. 2000. Ministry of Housing and Works. E&UA Div. 2. New York. Penguin Group. 2007. urban systems and their characteristics. Longman Group. Silberstein.COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction. CRC Press LLC. C.. management of transport. urbanization in Pakistan. 3. J. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages. A. 4. urban landscape characteristics. 2004. sanitation. SAGE Publications Ltd. Urban land use planning and management. Forms of urbanization. 1993. H. Clara.. Ward. The Works: Anatomy of a City. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. UK. Kate. Environmental problems of urban life. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. Introducing Town Planning.. 1986.. Recommended Books: 1. Islamabad. G. UK. USA.

clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1. Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. Martinet. Thomson and A.V.Annexure . Practical English Grammar by A. 1997. a) Functional English Grammar 1. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase.A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. Third edition. Oxford University Press. Exercises 1. ISBN 0194313492 59 .J.

Oxford Supplementary Skills. Fourth Impression 1993. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 . Oxford University Press. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41.2. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Third Impression 1992. Martinet. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. Reading. Writing. 1997. ISBN 0 19 453402 2.V. Thomson and A. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet.J. Exercises 2. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Upper Intermediate. intensive and extensive. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. and speed reading. b) Practical English Grammar by A. Third edition. Reading/Comprehension 1. minutes of meetings.

Thomson and A. content. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 . Exercises 2. clarity. 2. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. introduction to presentations. Reading 1. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. Oxford Supplementary Skills. language. Fourth Impression 1992. Writing. c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. discursive.J. Advanced by Ron White. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Third Impression 1991. form. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Advanced. Writing. Martinet. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. b) Writing 1. narrative. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. Practical English Grammar by A. Writing. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Oxford Supplementary Skills. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. Third edition. descriptive and argumentative writing). Study Skills by Riachard Yorky.1. Oxford University Press 1986.V. Fourth Impression 1993. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Reading. Third Impression 1992. 2. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco.

2004. Kathleen Shine Cain. descriptive. 3. Kirszner and Stephen R. St. 2. argumentative and report writing). without taxing the taste of engineering students). Mandell. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. Compiled by norther Illinois University. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. A Custom Publication. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. College Writing Skills by John Langan. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. Martin’s Press. 62 . b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader.(particularly suitable for discursive.

S. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. national development. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. 63 Books Recommended 1. S.M. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a.B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. Location and geo-physical features. 1958-71 c. Study the process of governance. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. 4. Akbar. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki. 2.Annexure . People and Land i. 1994. 3. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. b. 1988-99 f. Contemporary Pakistan a. Course Outline 1. State & Society in Pakistan. 1993. 1947-58 b. Safdar. Karachi: Oxford University Press. politics. Mehmood. 2000. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. Ethnicity d. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. 1999 onward 3. . Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. Shahid Javed. Society and social structure c. Historical Perspective a. 1971-77 d. government. Zaidi. contemporary Pakistan. ideological background of Pakistan. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. 1977-88 e. Muslim advent iii. 2. Lahore. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. Indus Civilization ii. Economic institutions and issues b.

Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 14. The Political System of Pakistan. II & III. Mehmood. 1987. 6. 11. Lawrence. 1980. Politics in Pakistan. Tahir. 8. Enigma of Political Development.. 13. 1998. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia.5. Vol. Rafique. History & Culture of Sindh. Wayne. K. Safdar. 1993. Ethno . 1972. 12. M. Institute of Public Policy Research. Sayeed.The Emergence of Banglades.National Movement in Pakistan. Ziring. Karachi: Royal Book Company. 10. Political Parties in Pakistan. 1967. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Afzal. 7. Party. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research.K. Wilcox. nd. Noor ul. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. Pakistan Under Martial Law. 1976. Ansar. 9. 64 . Zahid. I. Washington: American Enterprise. Amin. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. Lahore: Vanguard. 1980. Club Road. Haq. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. Islamabad. Aziz. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Khalid Bin. Muhammad Waseem.

W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.20) Related to thinking.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.21.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.57. 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.58.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.A.40.Tadabar (Verse No1.A.19.Annexure .W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 .W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.A.6.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.56.

3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt. in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .

Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. IRI. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. Pakistan.” Hussain Hamid Hassan.3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. “Emergence of Islam” . “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H.S. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. “Studies in Islamic Law. Ahmad Hasan. International Islamic University. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. Bhatia. Islamabad (2001) 67 .

with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. complex numbers. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. functions. matrix inverse.D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. equations reducible to quadratic equations. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. 1987.Annexure . Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). geometric progression. Beckenback EF. Boston Swokowski EW. 1986. Wooton W. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. introduction to sets. Sharron S. Boston 68 . Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. PWS-Kent Company. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. PWS-Kent Company. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. types of functions. College Algebra and Trigonometry. 1978. types. trigonometric identities. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. Cramer’s rule. set operations. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. not majoring in mathematics. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. harmonic progression. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. determinants. system of linear equations. Houghton & Mifflin. cube roots of unity.

2005. solution of equations involving absolute values. 1995. continuous functions. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. Davis S. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. integration by parts. rational and transcendental functions. slope of a line. not majoring in mathematics. equation of a line. various forms of equation of a line. Reading. New York Stewart J. USA 3. intersection of two lines. functions and their graphs. 2005. derivatives. Finney AR. Bevens I. integration by substitution. PWS-Kent Company. Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. inequalities. parallel and perpendicular lines. 69 . Calculus (11th edition). angle between two lines. Addison-Wesley. differentiation of polynomial. not majoring in mathematics. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Recommended Books: Anton H. Boston Thomas GB. continuity. change of variables in indefinite integrals.2. distance between two points. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. John Wiley. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. Ma. 1983. distance between a point and a line. left-hand and right-hand limits. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Calculus (3rd edition).

1969 Kaufmann JE. 70 . Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. • Contents 1. Boston Swokowski EW. circles determined by various conditions. • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). 1986. Conic Sections: Parabola. Introduction to sets.Circle: Equation of a circle. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). functions. College Algebra and Trigonometry. set operations. intersection of lines and circles. inverse of matrices. nature of roots of quadratic equations. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. Cramer’s rule. Analytic Geometry. system of linear equations. types of matrices. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. ellipse. Freshman and Company. Boston 4. 1987. PWS-Kent Company. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. determinants. Scott. PWS-Kent Company. : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. locus of a point in various conditions. equations reducible to quadratic equations. types of functions. hyperbola.

standard deviation. Wilcox.. Walpole. 3. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’.geometric and harmonic progressions. moments. 5. Latest Edition. relationship of statistics with social science. skewness and kurtosis. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. circle and trigonometric functions. E. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. Measures of dispersion: Range. bar frequency diagram histogram. 4. Graphs: Graph of straight line. Swokowski. trigonometric identities. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. PWS-Kent Company. variance. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. Kaufmann. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. array. R. Boston... E. frequency polygon. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. Prentice Hall. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. characteristics of statistics. Latest Edition. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. Latest Edition. cumulative frequency curve.. R. 71 . 2. Books Recommended: 1. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. R. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. 2. quartiles. discrete and continuous series. deciles and percentiles. W. ungrouped and grouped data. E. tally sheet method. individual. types of frequency series. J. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. inter quartile deviation mean deviation.

Thomas. Rational and Transcendental Functions. Hughes-Hallett. Swokowski. Elliott Mendelson. Second Edition 1992. implicit differentiation. Least-Squares Line.Jr. 1983. Anton. reduction formulae. substitution method. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. John H. 4. applications of integration. 3. Boston. 1999. Prentice-Hall. H. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. 2. Extreme Values of Functions. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. Inc. Addison Wesley publishing company. Integration by Parts. McCallum. infinite and improper integrals. Continuous Functions. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. Slope of a Line. 2005. integration by parts. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. Schaum’s Outline Series. logarithmic differentiation. Equation of a Line. Rational Functions. integration by inspection. 2005. products. Trigonometric Functions. Continuity. Frank A. 5. • Integration Integration from first principles. the inverse of differentiation. 6. Calculus Single and Multivariable. E. Calculus. Solution of equations involving absolute values. Bevens. I. 4th edition. sinusoidal function. W. and Transcendental Functions. 3rd Edition. theorems of differentiation. integration using partial fractions. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . Inequalities. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. 8th edition. Inc. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. Gleason. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. 6. special points of a function. John Wiley & Sons. Jhon Willey & Sons. quotients. Contents 1. S. plane polar coordinates. integral inequalities. Mathews. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus. Davis.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. 2002. Calculus. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. et al. 11th Edition. Recommended Books: 1. Leibnitz’ theorem. 2. logarithmic integration. the chain rule. Calculus.

alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 . division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. modulus and argument. geometric series. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. complex conjugate.Additions and subtraction. the difference method. arithmetico-geometric series. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. solving hyperbolic equations. approximation errors in Taylor series. series involving natural numbers. inverses of hyperbolic functions. identities of hyperbolic functions. finding the nth roots of unity. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. multiplication. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4.

of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. moments of inertia. of a unitary matrix. symmetric and antisymmetric. line to line. line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. scalar triple product. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. orthogonal. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. centers of mass and centroids. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. vector product. point to plane. of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 . unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. 6. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes.5. Pappus’ theorems. masses. Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. the inner product. Hermitian. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals.

differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. divergence of a vector field. Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions.8. spherical polar coordinates 75 . combinations of grad.

Quantiles. Test statistics. Editing of Data. Histogram. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Empirical Relation between Mean. sample design and sampling frame. Different types of Averages.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Box and Whisker Plot. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Exercises. Moments and Moments ratios. probability and non-probability sampling. Diagrams. Type-I and Type-II errors. Pie chart. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Discrete and continuous variables. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Difference of means and proportions. sampling with and without replacement. The Variance and standard deviation. Exercises. Collection of primary and secondary data. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Significant digits. sampling and non sampling errors. Historigram. Probability and Probability Distributions. Range. Exercises. Standardized variables. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Unit 4. Sources. Unit 7. Median and mode. Coefficient of variation. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Unit 3. Rounding of a Number. Absolute and relative measures. Data. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Exercises. Graphs and their Construction. bias. The Mode. definition of outliers and their detection. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Errors of measurement. properties of Good Average. Ogive for Discrete Variable. Types of frequency curves. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. 76 . The Mean Deviation. Exercises. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. null and alternative hypothesis. Change of origin and scale. Poisson and Normal Distribution. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. The semi-Interquartile Range. Stem and Leaf Display. level of significance. Unit 2. Unit 5. Observations. Presentation of Data Introduction. acceptance and rejection regions. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Bar charts. Statistical problem. Exercises. Population. Exercises Unit 6.Annexure .

Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. Regression and Correlation Introduction. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. its estimation and interpretation. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. Exercises Unit 10. Exercises Unit 9. simple linear regression. 2005. cause and effect relationships. 1982. r and R2. 77 . Inc. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes.. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. Contingency Tables. Kitab Markaz. Unit 11. “Introduction to Statistics”. 2 Muhammad. Macmillan Publishing Co. Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole.Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. New York. Exercises. Correlation. E. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. F. Testing of Hypothesis. 3rd Ed. examples. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”.Unit 8. Coefficient of linear correlation.Single Population Introduction. R..

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