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For BS MS
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………
6 12 14 50 51
The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses. Lahore. and 36.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template.PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation.ALTAF ALI G. degree awarding institutions. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. therefore. R&D organizations. dated December 4th 1976. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. The world has turned into a global village. It also aimed to give a basic. and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years.). universities and other institutions of higher education. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. respective accreditation councils and stake holders. the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation. SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 . 63. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees. DR. the Federal Government vide notification No. PROF. It is. 2009 at the HEC Regional Center. imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge. D773/76-JEA (cur.
OF DRAFT BY NCRC REVIEW IMPLE. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. EXP. Abbreviations Used: NCRC. OF NCRC. COL. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREP. UNI. LI R&D HEC Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. OF CURRI. UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRI. PREP. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I PREP.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRI. REC. IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. Preparation 5 . R&D. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI. OF FINAL CURRI.
Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall. Lahore Member 6. Member 3. Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr. Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. Member 6 . Karachi from 28-30. Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2. Member 4. Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline. Member 5.Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre. Rawalpindi Dr. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. Dr. Dr. Following attended the meeting:1. Rawalpindi Dr. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head. 7. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. Dr. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University.
Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr. Prof. Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore. 7 . Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr. Dr. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. Dr. Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof. Dr. Prof.8. Dr. Karachi Member 12. Member 10. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. Member 14. Dr. Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. 13. Member 11. Member 15. Member 16. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi. Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof. Dr. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9.
Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society. Faisalabad Member 18. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. Islamabad coordinated the meeting. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards. The meeting was opened by Mr. Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. Dr. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr. Member 20. Mr. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. Chairman. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement. Karachi. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. At first. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. 2.17. 8 . Director of HEC Regional Center. Secretary Dr. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University. Dr. 1. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. Mr. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. Member 19. Shafiq-ur-Rehman.
The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment. Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. The committee thanked Mr. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. 2. In last few centuries. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development. 6. The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity. 4. 3.3. Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 . These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses. 1. 5. Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population.
as well as a sense of ethical responsibility. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 . skills and behaviour patterns. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv. in its preliminary meeting. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development. Apply theoretical understanding. Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems. regional and global contexts. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. This committee. and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science. ii. RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. 5. professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences.
pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme.e. with consensus. A. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3. Sc. 1. The 11 . 4. The medium of instruction. The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. 3. that: 1. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration. 2. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F. Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment. DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee. UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles. Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature.. skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes. eight semesters in the semester system. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English. Integrating natural sciences. assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science. 5. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. 6. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i.
Basic Chemistry* 4.proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order. English-I 6. Biology –I* 3. English-III 18. Environmental Chemistry 15. Introduction to Earth Science 8. Sociology/Anthropology* 11. Climatology* 23. Introductory Economics* 17. Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19. Fundamentals of Ecology 20. Introduction to Computer 14. Environmental Microbiology 21. English-II 12. SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1. Introduction to Environmental Science 2. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. Environmental Physics 16. Environmental Pollution 22. Psychology* . Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13. Biology –II* 9. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5.
45. ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37. Opt. 44. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28. Environmental Management Systems 34.24. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. Environmental Monitoring 36. Applied Ecology 26. 46. Environmental Biotechnology 32. Environmental Impact Assessment 39. Environmental toxicology 27. ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43. Biodiversity & Conservation 35. ELECTIVE-III 42. Natural Resource Management 40. Research Methods in Environmental Science 41. Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25. Climate Change 38. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30. English-IV/ Univ. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31. Environmental Economics 29. Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours .
• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical. • Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .
10th Ed. Recommended Books: 1. M. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future. E. 2007. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts.J. 2002. current global.. B. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society. 2007 3. regional. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment. D. Botkin. Different aspects of environment: physical. & Nebel. Schoch.L. history.T. L. Environmental Science: working with the Earth. urbanization. 15 . R.. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. ecological. poverty and resource depletion. 4th Ed. 6th Ed. The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms. lipids. environmental pollution.DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline. and their relationships with various environmental factors. socio-economic.B & Keller. Miller. national. philosophical. & Yonavjak. development in industry and agriculture. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth. proteins and nucleic acids. Thomson Learning. Pearson Educational. 2. McKinney. ethical.M. R. 2007. 4. John Wiley & Sons. its importance in human life. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. Major components of environment: physico-chemical.I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life. biological and social. Wright.A. G. Human environment and its problems: global. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY . Environmental Science: systems and solutions. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development.
N. origin of metabolism. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods. Aromatic compounds. Starr. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin. 2. 2008. 16 . proteins. Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell. Lingappa. 2007. McGraw. Lewis.Hill International Edition. polypeptides in protein diversity. coordinate covalent bond. The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. Cell division. esters. phospholipids in membrane systems. M. USA. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. Study of mitosis in onion root tip. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. carboxylic acids. The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. 4. covalent. Wadsworth Group. and Lewis. amines). Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. V. carbonyls. G. carbohydrates. Biology: a Human Emphasis.. J. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals. B.Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. Introduction to cell biology.. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology. Cells. Plopper. 5. Structure and the basis of function. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations. New York. R. Self Assessment and Revie. 5th Edetion. Cassimeris. D. the molecule of genetic information and replication. and Whitelaw. Ionic. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. Ltd. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. 2007. protobionts. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. Australia . Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. R. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding.. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions. Canada. 1996. Nucleic acids.. E. Bulter. A. 8th Ed. 1. Origin of life: chemical evolution. Crossley. USA. L. Shier. lipids. chemical diversity. C. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa. USA. 3. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Molecular Biology through Questions. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning. lipids. chemical basis of life. 2003..
.S. expansion of determinants. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. Surface chemistry. Brimblecombe. 2003. Thin layer chromatography.. straight line and related concepts. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional). 2005. graphs.E.Special Products (Binomial Expression). Qualitative Chemical Analysis. Hill. normal solutions/buffers. P. Measurement of pH. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. USA. P. Canada. Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers. 2nd Edition. UK. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. 5. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula. series and means. concepts of six basic trigonometric functions. and Holler. Understanding Environmental Pollution.. Jickells. 8th Edition.ions. angle-sum formula.. determinants. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. B. 2nd Edition. D. double angle formulas. Girard. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. 4.. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations). Algebra of matrices.. simultaneous equations and their solutions. J. law of Cosines.C. D. West. Sequence and series: Arithmetic. D. F.. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. Liss.J. Freeman and Company. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles. real line. EC and TDS in waste water. COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences. Binomial theorem (Simple applications).D. Blackwell Science.A. Matrices and Determinants: Matrix. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane. values of trigonometric functions. Andrews. and Reid. minor and cofactor of a matrix. J.K. 2004.J.E. Thomson and Brooks. 2004. 3. Recommended Books: 1. 2. Lab Work Preparation of molar. Harris.. equations of lines (linear equations). USA. 6th Edition. coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane. Skoog. 1st Ed. Solution chemistry. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra. molal.H. Osmosis and Dialysis. 17 .M. 2004. Cambridge University Press. W. M. UK. Jones and Barlett. T. Use of spectrophotometric techniques. radicals. geometric and harmonic sequence. Colloids chemistry. Photochemical reactions. Column chromatography..
Wesley. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation. erosion and related landforms. Jr. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions. earthquakes and volcanoes. J. Thomas. Weathering. foliation. Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography.B. Introduction to sedimentary. G.A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure . Analytical Geometry. New Delhi. different earth processes like mountain buildings. faults.Cramer’s Rule. Narosa Publishing House. by parts integration (simple applications). irreducible quadratic factors. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. joints. Trignometry for College students. theorems on differentiation (sum. earthquakes. This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals. Chain rule. composition and its internal structure. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. Pacific Grove. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors. Fossils and their significance. Recommended Books: 1. the processes of their formation. plate tectonics. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension. Abraham. 4th Ed. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. Earth as a member of solar system. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. R. difference. Addission. Introduction to folds. California. igneous and metamorphic rocks. 18 .. its origin. cleavages. K. age. Integration: Formulas of integration. Smith.. Scott Foresman and Company. COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure . product and quotient rules without derivations). L. mountain building. lineation and unconformities. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. nonrepeated linear factors. 10th Ed. D. Chatterjee. 1999. 4. 3.B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. S. weathering and erosion. theorem of integration. 2. Introduction to rocks and minerals. and Finney.
. 2005. J. F. modern concepts. Use of brunton compass and GPS. Smith. Prentice Hall. Tarbuck. measuring biodiversity. Field Study tour. Biodiversity of deserts. examples of adjustments in varied environment. animals). Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology.. 2004. G. G. Lutgens. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. Park. 9th Edition. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants.Identification of rocks and minerals. Prentice Hall: 2006. Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life. and Monroe.. 4. Wicander. 2007 3. J.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps. unicellularity. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity.. Brooks/Cole. Lutgens. 2007 2. invasion of life on land.. E. Foundations of Structural Biology. Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. Physical Geology and Process of Science. Darwinism. consequences of losing biodiversity. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water. protocell formation.. Life in sea. interactions among diversified life. Prentice Hall. multicellularity. 3rd Edition. Geographical aspects of biodiversity. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat. molecular basis of biodiversity.. 5. J. crucial for organisms’ sustainability. E.II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. Lamarckism. COURSE 8 BIOLOGY . and Pun. Routledge. Biodiversity of hilly areas. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis. different classification systems. causes of extinction. F. R. 19 . D. biodiversity crises. 11th Edition. Tarbuck. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories.. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species. R. 5th Edition. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification. population loss and decline. K. K. and Tasa.. A. Biodiversity of canal. Geological time chart with biodiversity. D. How Does Earth Work. and Tasa. Earth Science. Recommended Books: 1.
J. Blackwell Science Ltd. and Sustainable Living. globalization and environmental issues.. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. 2001. Perspective of human-environment evolution. Understanding the environment-human relationship. Starr. UK. USA. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. and Spicer. Routledge.E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems. The Biosphere. The Ecology of global consumer culture. R. 2003. Inc. 2000. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions. Use of environment for vested interest. Walnut Creek. Recommended Books: 1. Gaston. power & hegemony. 4. C. Culture. 3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment. 2009. Crumley. Nora and Wilk. Scope and application. I.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. 2. 2009. Biology. UK. 5th Edition. Environmental Risks and the Media. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology. L. I.. 2nd Edition.K. John Wiley and Sons. 3. culture and society. New York: New York University Press. Inc. Goals and expectations. Townsend. New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. a Human Emphasis. Contemporary environment issues and debate. Prospect Heights. 3. COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure . Conceptualizing environment. C. 20 . Bradbury. J. Adam. 2. K. (editor). CA: AltaMira Press. UK. Allan & Carter. Wadsworth Group. Tripartite nature of environment. Contemporary environmental status. P. IL:WavelandPress. 2005. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. Hannen. Biodiversity (An Introduction). (editors). K. and concerns. 2006. Chronological. Consumption.
Ms-Excel. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Long l.H. Fundamentals of computer. Introduction to MS-Word. 6.1999. Rutledge. physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry. processing hardware. 2. Ms-Power Point. Courter. e-mail. Types and classification of computers. Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures.Microsoft office 2000.6th Ed. Operating system (Windows). Ed. Milton. Ms-Access. K. as are their effects on the biosphere. system software. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere.5.London 1996. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered..C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components. internet.. computer programs and basic applications. Recommended Books: 1. G. output hardware. After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry. Long N. Storage hardware. COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure . 21 . Selin. Configurations. Software: Application software.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure . it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion.BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment. Marquis A. software packages. Hardware: Input Hardware. 2003. Course Outlines Definition. Local Area Network. Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse.
4. J. Turbulent diffusion.G. Heat radiation and heat transfer. Canada. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts. A. J. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light. Recommended Books: 1.. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants. Solar spectrum. 2004. C. P.. 5. and Reid. Samir. Energy conversion. Environmental impact of various industries.. G. Environmental Science. 2. Liss. M. Reducing the transmission of sound. Ibanez. Hernandez-Esparza. Solids.J. trophic level. Turbulent jets and plumes. K. Environmental Chemistry. photosynthesis. Fregoso-Infante.. COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light. T. Turbulence.. J. Thomson-Brooks. Entropy. Environmental Chemistry. Conversion of mass. Liquids and Gasses.. 3.. 2005. Andrews.. Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics.. India. Diffusion. Global climate and climatic change. their sources and toxic actions. Transport of pollutants. 2nd Edition. P. Ozone chemistry. Nuclear energy. its causes and adverse effects on environment. Radioactivity and nuclear physics. Fate of pollutants in environment. Jones and Barlett.E.M. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer.S.Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry. Basic acoustics. Particle physics. Isotopes and radioactive decay. Germany. and Singh. Miller. Sound and Noise. Human perceptions and noise criteria. USA. Springer.. Energy.E. Girard.T. B. Ozone and UV light.. UK. 1999. Active control of sound. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. DoriaSerrano. Equations of fluid dynamics. Electromagnetic radiation. Brimblecombe. Blackwell Science. 2008. Measurement and comparison of the 22 . Jickells. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Banerji Prentice Hall of India. 1st Edition. interaction of light with matter. Gaussian plumes in the air. Chemical reactions. atmospheric and soil chemistry. 2004. M. Fundamentals of aquatic.D.
John Wiley and Sons Inc. population and environmental quality. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. USA. Producer behavior. Pakistan economic context: National income. Todaro. interaction between ecology and economic management. Field visit. H. C. Economic Development. USA. 7th Ed.. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods. USA. Recommended Books: 1. Economic management and environmental quality. Routledge. UK. Environmental economics. Man environmental relationship. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. Natural resources and the economy.Economic development. 2006. G. and Pandis. Physics of the Environment and Climate. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. 4. 2001. S. Growth and Environment. poverty. N. Economic functions of environment. J. 2008. 2001. Yusuf.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. New York. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Growth and development. 2008. producer and community point of view. 2. Course Outlines Introduction to economics. S. E. Wesely Publishers. Measures for sustainable development. concepts and measurement. Introductory Environmental Physics. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. 3. Environmental Physics. COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. R. Sustainable development. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. Impact of economic activity on environment. World Bank Publications. P. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development. Praxis publishing.1998. economic progress. economic growth and its measurement. Seinfeld. and Van Grondelle. economic growth. 2. and Resource allocation. Smith. 23 . Kentucky USA. Recommended Books: 1. Guyot. USA. economic welfare and difference among all. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter. M. Boeker.
ethics and ecology. Portland 1967.A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems. Touchstone Books. Hanley.A. 2009.. Ecosystem and its types. and White. B. 2. and systems ecology. B. WCIV7AA. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy. DeVeer. temperature. Ecology. & Pierce. A History of Western Philosophy. N. International Thomson Publishing. its fundamental concepts. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. biogeography. 2008. M. World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. B. Environmental philosophy and ethics. D. species. 2007.3. Shogren. Palgrave Macmillan. LLC. C. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. 2008. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. Environmental Critics of agriculture. SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology. concepts and approaches.. Frodeman. the ethics of soil. Swift. Russell. 2002. USA. World Bank Publications. Recommended Books: 1. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy. 24 . Introduction to ethical theory. Callicott. community and ecosystem. Course Outlines Introduction. population. branches of ecology. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview.V. community. Farmington Hills. England. role of light. Economics. 4. Kessinger Publishing.. COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure . London. USA. Natural philosophy. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy. R. soil. J. levels of ecological organization. J. description of population.. water. 4. 3.
Population distribution and abundance. 1999 4. 2004. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. Cambridge University Press. C. 6th Ed. Concepts of Limiting factors. M C J 1st ed. Lab Work 25 . UK. Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. After completion of this course. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. 3. agricultural and industrial ecosystems. population dynamics.topography and air as ecological factors. habitat and niche. productivity of different ecosystems. Populations. Tata McGraw-Hill. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). Chapman. plant geography and animal distribution. aquatic microbiology. Systems ecology. 2001 5.Cox. Ecology (concepts and applications. N. P. King’s College London. with special emphasis on their environmental impact. various concepts of community. and More. Recommended Books 1. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems. M J. Dash.L and Reiss. J. role and application of microorganisms in the environment. 2000. Ecology (principles and applications). B. 1st Ed. aero-microbiology and food microbiology. Thomson Brooks/Cole.W. Biomes of the world.) Moles. distribution limits. 5th Ed. C. 1992. and Barett. Odum. landscape ecology. J. New York. Biogeochemical cycles of C. UK. biotic factors. Fundamentals of Ecology. Fundamentals of Ecology. E P. Ecosystem: structure and function. M. WCB/McGraw-Hill. Microbiology of terrestrial environments. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. Microbial metabolism. 2. community dynamics. ecological modeling. characteristics of urban. Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. New Delhi. bacteria and eukarya. and S. G. landscape changes and their importance. COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment. students will be able to understand the significance.
.. isolation.Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection. Pollution Control Strategies. and Stetzenbach. 2009.J. 1995. UK. 2005. 2005. Knudsen.M.. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic. Cambridge UK. American Society for Microbiology. International Protocols (BASAL Convention). Washington DC. 5. J. Pepper. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water. R.J. Understanding Environmental Pollution. 4. I. 2 Edition. Environmental Pollution and Control.V. Weiner. 4th Edition. Academic Press.W. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology. 26 . W.R. Crawford. Manual of Environmental Microbiology. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual.J.. and Jeffery. USA. L. Marine & Industrial pollution. USA.M. J.G.. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution.and Brendecke.. Academic Press. purification and preservation.. Soil. Maier. M. P. 2002. Recommended Books: 1. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally. Water. and Gerba.L. Prescott. Mean plate count. A. P.. and Zuberer. 2..A. Peiece.I. Recommended Books 1.. Hurrst. Fuhrmann..Gerba. M. Sylvia. 2007...A. (Elsevier) USA. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution. 2005. G. Butterworth-Heinemann. USA. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel.L.F. L. peppor. 2nd Edition. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution. Dilution plate technique. McGraw Hill Inc.K. Solid Waste generation. transportation & treatments.D. C. 3. F. New Jersey. USA. D.P. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines. J.M. 3. 2. McInernery. Environmental Microbiology.A. USA. Fate of Environmental Pollutants. D. its sources and their effects.J. R.C. Microbiology.1998. Prentice Hall. C. Hartel. Noise.and Vesilaind. Human & other living organisms. Cambridge University Press. Collection. Case Studies.L. Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents. London. Academic Press.B. Hill. D. nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution. and Klein.P. Effects of Pollutants.P. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal.J. Types of Environmental pollution: Air. Harley.
. N.M. processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate.. climatic zones of Pakistan. The climate of Pakistan. global circulation. Royal book company. American Public Health Association (APHA). COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences. Shamshad. . Weather and Climate. 6th Edition. Austin Miller. The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan. Recommended Books: 1. Karachi. Mechanism of heat transfer. 2. Spyros. Solar radiations. 2003. Lawrance K. John H. Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). 1992. The Atmosphere.4. concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. 27 . 3. Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided. Sadder. Environmental psychology. John Wiley and Sons. 2002. Radiation and climate. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . Tarbuck. Pandis. air pressure.E. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology. Lutgens.. 4. Surface winds. Houghton J.. K. Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History. The Hydrologic cycle. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere. local winds. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications. 1988.K. 5. Four Spheres of the Earth. Heat and the Earth's atmosphere. 2006 5. COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. The Physics of Atmospheres. Cloud Classification. Climatology. Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere. Marcel Dekkar. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment. Cambridge University Press. Factors affecting air Pressure.From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. A. A brief historical background and schools of psychology. Methods of psychology. condensation and cloud Formation.W.J.2nd Editions.F.
techniques and methods of restoration. CRC Press. Recommended Books: 1. limitation of irrigated agriculture. M. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. T.A. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan. Course Outline Introduction. Fundamental of Psychology. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. 2. Environmental perception and cognition. soil erosion and conservation. 2001. Fisher J. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts. threats and mitigation. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Sustainable livestock management practices. Soil as a natural resource. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change. rivers. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species. 5th Edition. Routledge. High population density and psychological impacts. their management and ecological restoration. species response to pollutants. Ecological restoration. solar radiation and primary production. soil salinity and water logging.. Greene. CRC Press.. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives. Pollution control through Ecology. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. 28 . P. Background and scope. Water and distribution of species. 1992. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. Sustainable agricultural practices. Restoration of derelict lands. Environmental Psychology. Routledge. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture. soil resources of Pakistan. COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. concepts.C. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. London. Eysenck. Ecology of food production. Water as an ecological resource. sustainable agriculture.characteristics and research methods. London. Bell. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine.D. carbon dioxide and global climate change.W. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. Future water scenario of Pakistan. and Baum A. energy and carbon balance.
Organs. Studies in Pakistan Geography. R. toxicity screening using microbial systems. Zedler. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. water and soil. 5. and Barett.. Blackwell Scientific Publications. Foundations of Restoration Ecology. P. 3. dose response relationship in living organisms. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. Soil Science. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. 5th Edition. A.A. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications. Rashid. E. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water. Island Press. in vivo & in vitro assays.W. Potentiation and Addition. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. B.National Book Foundation. Synergism. 2nd ed. toxicology of chemicals.. Shirkat Gah. soil and air samples. J. Israr-ud-Din. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management. toxins & toxicants. Chemical interactions and their types. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic.Recommended Books: 1. from natural and anthropogenic sources. Toxicity: Types and its measurement. biological effects.. Fundamentals of Ecology. Determination of chemicals in biological samples. 29 .S. Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History. Determination of Interaction of chemicals. J. K and Habib. Lahore. A. Thomson Brooks/Cole.P.1998. 2004. K. Margaret A. University of Peshawar. Islamabad. 2000 2. their containment and control strategies. 1989. Immunological considerations in toxicology. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. Oxford. terminologies: Poisons. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms. Falk. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals. and Memon. USA. 2006.. G. Peshawar. 4. Odum E. Pakistan’s Environment. 1996. toxins vs toxicants. Mumtaz. Newman. D. and Hobbs. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents. COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. on human and other living organisms.I.
people. COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis. (ed. economic aspects of different environmental problems. 1992. industry. Course Outlines Introduction. First and Second law of Thermodynamics. 1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development. measuring environmental benefits. USA. B. topographic zones. M. 1996. geography. Recommended Books: 30 . land. urbanization and pollution. international trade and the environment.2005 2.). clean development mechanism. Williams. McGrawhill. P. 1st Edition. State of the Environment-Pakistan . W. Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York. economic development and the environment. USA. Macmillan Press Ltd.1 & 2. 3.D. W. Government of Pakistan. 1993. the economy and the environment. Course Outlines Introduction to history. 2005 2. health. T and Turner. the economic benefits of different environmental resources. General and Applied Toxicology. the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements. culture. pollution control-a general model. Klassen. Ballantyne. major ecosystems. 1st Edition. 5th Edition. water resources.Recommended Books 1. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann.. CRC Press Llc. Environmental Profile of Pakistan. USA. Recommended Books 1. 3. Vol. Ecological: ecological zones. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology.M.Science of Poisons . Economic: agriculture. education. Hughes.
31 . Fluoride. C.C.2004.R. Gravimetery. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive. precision and accuracy. salinity & sodicity). COD. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve.J.1. Australia. 2. 4.. Johns Hopkins University Press. L. Conductivitymetry. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples. 2000. D. 1999. Collingwood. Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH.. USA. Harris. C. 3. BOD. Thomson and Brooks. Environmental Economics: An Introduction. M. handling. D. A. CSIRO Publ. Titrimetery. 1993. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery. Turner. Reuter. Recommended Books: 1.L. units.K. NO3–N & NH4-N). Environmental Economics.. and F.A. Sample collection. I. Peverill.I. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Spectroscopy and Chromatography.2002. 2005. J.and Field. Biomarkers in environmental assessment. and derived S. Conductivitymetry. Oxford.UK. D. COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. Gravimetery. soil (NPK and organic matter contents. Kolstad.. 6th Edition. and Batemen. Field. 8th Edition.W. 2003. Holler. water and plant analysis. Titrimetery. 2. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. Oxford University Press.K. Data interpretation for quality control. Freeman & Co. preparation and storage. Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory.. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin..I. Pearce. Lab Work S.D. Sample preservation methods. Standard solutions and standard curves. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction. Skoog. 3. B. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. D. K. Sparrow and D. M. New York. West. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling. Use of Potentiometery. All Solids. Analytical techniques for soil.
Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns. Biotechnology. Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. Biosensor. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd. Recommended Books 1. New York. Introduction to microbial kinetics. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment. USA.COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments. 2005. J. 2. PCR. 2001. 3. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. Wiley-VCH Verlag. Environmental Biotechnology. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. After completion of this course. Hans- Joachim. Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants.).living organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution. Tools in environmental biotechnology.D. 4. W. J..P.E. 2nd Ed. Germany. Isolation. National Biosafety Guidelines. Chichoster. 2007. USA. and Russel. J. 5th Ed. Government of Pakistan.W. purification and preservation of DNA. 2009. 2005. USA. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms. Scragg. Bioreactors. England. Oxford University Press. Cambridge University Press. and application of biotechnology in the environment. D. Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques.1999. Smith. Derbre. students will be able to understand the significance. Biomarkers. National Biotechnology Commission. COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 . Course Outlines Introduction. (ed.. New York. A. and Josef. Recombinant DNA technology. Sambrook.
Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. Pearsons Education. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. Cartography. Campbell. Fishery and wildlife. Using and reading GPS in field. COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . Interpretation. Introduction to Photogrammetry. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1. Active and Passive remote sensing. Inc. R. Aerial photography. 2. John Wiley and Sons. Energy Sources. K and L. history and platforms. Inc. Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. Rancez. F. Dessinov. advantages and limitations of process. Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. Forestry. Guilfoud press New York. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). Inc. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. Image Processing. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences.Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. Types of data used in GIS. Data acquisition. Harvey. V. Agriculture. analysis and output. Z. Jensen. Lulla. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. Introduction to GIS. A. 2008. 1999. integration of information from many sources. 2000. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). History and data collection. 4. Data entry and output. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. John Wiley and Sons. Different types of maps. 2009. map projection and coordinate systems. Preparation of thematic maps. eradication of the duplicated data. 3. 2000. A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. Mc Graw Hill Education. 5. Satellite Imageries.
. and Qasim. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. Methods of environmental protection. Michigan.3rd Edition . American Society for Quality. 2005. International Organization for Standardization. Environment and sustainable development. 4. animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan. F. 2001. American Society for Quality.). Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS).C.. Conservation of biodiversity. economic.This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits. Course Outlines Introduction. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management. social and ethical values of biodiversity. ecological. Environmental Management Systems Principles. need and approach. Certification of EMS. principles of Cleaner production. standards and guidelines. M. Systems and Support Techniques. 1998. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production. threats to biodiversity and its conservation. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). WWF Pakistan. COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. etc. 2006. and Yoxon. cleaner technologies. Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles. Environmental Management tools. plant.. 2. A. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. Related Environmental legislation. Sheldon. hot spots of biodiversity. philosophical. M. Environmental Economy.2nd Ed. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. threats to biodiversity. Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1. 34 . types of biodiversity. 3. eco-design. alpha and beta diversity. Khan. Environmental aspects and impacts. B.
cities. Lahore). quality control sampling. ecotourism. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan. management. Preservation methods including pH control. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring. 35 . air. Conservation of wildlife. field custody. sampling and design purposes. Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures. 2ndEd. protected areas. 2. role of traditional knowledge in conservation. Quality assurance and quality control. habitats. soil and living organisms. Z. chemical addition. refrigeration and freezing methods. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples. national and international laws and regulations. their categories. 3. Kings College. design and types of samples. in-situ and ex-situ conservation. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing. Recommended Books: 1.e. Mirza. conservation strategies. and Morre. P. Rawalpindi. Sinauer. population. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring. London. community and ecosystem level.B.B. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes. Lab Work Sampling techniques (air. conservation and livelihood. Biogeography. plants. Cox. Course Outlines Introduction. conservation in man-made ecosystems.. 2000. 2000.B. P. quality assessment. presampling requirements/information. croplands. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan. EIA requirement. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora. Sunderland. C. forests. Associates Inc. NOC for plant operation. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. Legal protection of species. laboratory custody.D..R. Saad Printers. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme.. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques. international agreements. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan. water. Considerations. A Primer for Conservation Biology. role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation.conservation at species. 1998. Publ. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment.
UK. altered community structure. The Measurement of Climate Change. S. 2002. Lewis Publisher London. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate. 2008. 3.USA. Precipitation. Patterns in Winds and Pressure. and Guethner. Moisture in the Atmosphere. Recent Climate Change Indicators. chemical. Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. Peakall. Forstner U. Human responses to potential climate change. Burden. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts. Environmental Chemistry.Recommended Books: 1. (eds. Manahan. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course. 5. N. extinctions. R. Japan Association on Remote Sensing. Earth Observation of Global Change. USA. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data. and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change. Ozone depletion. 2. Chuviero. McKlivie. 6. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. USA. its causes and effects. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention. 7. Energy and Temperature. New York.. human health. 2nd Edition.) McGraw-Hill. regional. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. Air Pollution and Acid Rain. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. agriculture. Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change. biological. Regional droughts and 36 . Murai. COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change. Korte. 8. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide. Remote Sensing Note. H. Chapman and Hall. E. S. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. . and social factors contributing to climate and global change. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. F. Tokyo. 1992. (ed) Springer. Physical. D.1999. phenological changes. 2008. 2000.. Keith. I. 2002.1996. USA. D. E. L.
R. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts. reporting. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. Routledge.A. 1986. Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2). Harrop. solids.T. D. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. public involvement.. law. Global Warming and Climate Change.cataclysmic climate change.. Sringer. 4.Causes.. 1st Edition. J. impact analysis. 2005..). Effects. Blackwell. EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice. J. and Solutions. 2003. decision-making to implement the project. Houghton. 2005. 1994. mitigation and impact management. social impact assessment (SIA).. scoping. Islamabad. Ministry of Housing and Works.(ed). 2. 3. Petts. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. overview. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels. Islamabad. Earthscan Publication Ltd. 1999. and noise. & Nixon. and Solutions. John Wiley & Sons. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. 5. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment. 2005. 4.. A.. review of EIA quality. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. Hardy.O. Main stages in EIA process. London. Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems. Hardy. London. Types & Resources to produce Energy. Climate Change . COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project. 37 . and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction. 3. J. (ed. and Chadwick. 2003. T. role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis. Therivel. Keith. 2000. Effects. A. principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society. Cost and benefits of EIA. 2. 2004. Recommended Books: 1. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. Climate Change . Recommended Books: 1. liquid. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems. 6. Oxford. John Wiley & Sons. Global Change and the earth system. screening. EIA project management.Causes. Glasson. J. J. project implementation and follow up. National Book Foundation. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan.
Watershed management: Importance basic principles. (ed. methodologies. forest types and its existing management. best available option for future. their pros and cons. A. wind power and nuclear power. 38 . 1997.. national agriculture policy.. United Nations Environment Programme. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia. Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. 2002. Ludwig. Types. agriculture products and their share in GDP. Everitt. Evans. R. wildlife census. national example. B. Sadler. national and provincial legislation. and Tu. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. B. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies. process and contents of the management plan. Goldsmith.5. COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification. management options.. Development of Management Plan: needs. New York. threat and its causes.. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources. F. causes and methods for its improvement. occurrence and distribution of natural resources. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. Rangeland Management: existing status. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level.B and Warren. H. J. their current status and threats. management options. threats. S. M. 2nd Edition. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. Conservation in Progress.. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. existing management approaches. solar power... Carpenter.). & McCabe. EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy. limitation in the future. 1993. USA. agriculture chemicals. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources. John Willey & Sons. 6. importance. Recommended Books: 1. requirement. effective management. R. Lohani. problem in agriculture. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area. Asian Development Bank. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan.
Objectives. Research Design & Research Methods. Sage CA. to introduce students to research design. GOP and IUCN. Research Proposal: its importance . Selecting the Research Method. John Wiley & Sons. Literature Search: Database. population and sampling frames. 39 . New York. P. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1.E.L. Sampling: the logic of sampling. Environmental Conservation. concepts and terminologies. Hansen. Methodology. Thousand Oaks. Elsevier.F.. research methods. Creswell. Interviews. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison). Dasmann. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem. and Jorqensen. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice. Scientific Research: Science. Bibliography. 3. 1984. 4. Experimental Research. W. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods. 2007. & Plano Clark. 1990. Scientific Methods. 5. Case Studies. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. Islamabad. J. USA.1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study. 1992. How to put things together? Introduction.Amsterdam. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically. London. Inference based on findings. R. Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf.2. Surveys. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. Review of Literature. Material Methods. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data.E. types of sampling design/.A pre-requisite for Research. Review of Literature. Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. Questionnaire. Search Engines. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design. S. V.
.S. 2. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans. of Chicago Press. Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan. and Arhonditsis. USA. Diamon. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development.Harrad. Writing Science Through Critical Thinking. Booth.. Survey Research Methods.. Wadsworth Publishing Company. regulations made there under. 5. 1997. Moriarty. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance. 2000. Students project in Environmental Science. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act. John and sons Ltd. England. SNBP Local Government Ordinance. 3. Babbie. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan. 1997. Law Books House. Chichester.Batty. 3rd Edition. Sage Publishers.h. S. 2001. 2008. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Qadar. Belmont California. Univ. The Craft of Research by Wayne C.. 2001 and the rules of business made there under. 2003. National Environmental Policy 4. Marilyn F. USA. 4. 6. R. 2nd Edition. Robert Yin. Government of Pakistan 3. 1989. 2003. M.USA. Recommended Books: 1. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 .2. National Conservation Strategy 5. E. G.
This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45
POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46
RESEARCH PROJECT/ INTERNSHIP
E-I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY
To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,
5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.
N. Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. N. water quality and quantity aspects. Islamabad.1993. C. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. The Politics of Managing Water.K. flood and droughts. flood and drought management. Pakistan. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment. Pakistan . watershed/catchment. climate change and its impacts on our future water resources. integrated water resources management (IWRM). P. 2005. (eds. Mirajuddin Publication . O. Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia. Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT).Lahore. Mirajuddin Publication . groundwater exploitation.. water supply and demand management measures. and Malik. improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency. R.). Indus Water Accord 1991. it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects. Briscoe. and Tortajada. Lahore. Islamabad. K. tubewells.. 6.. Recommended Books: 1. precipitation distribution in Pakistan. virtual water. 3.. 4. fisheries management. wetlands resources management. hydrological cycle. Oxford University Press Karachi. Oxford University Press New Delhi. 44 . 2006. (ed. pollution aspects. 5. like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. Revised & enlarged edition. 2003. I.Varis. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry. SDPI Oxford University Press.. Ahmed. Groundwater Resources of Pakistan.E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan. Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant. 1993. Asia Printer. Cheema.). U. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan. recycling and re-use of wastewater. J. R. A. water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan.. 2006. A. Biswas. Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization. 2. A. Bengali. with drinking water facilities like springs. Course Outlines Water resource and its management. Khan. Ahmed.. and Qamar.
1996. Islamabad. Course Outlines Introduction. Physical and chemical properties of soil. hydrological processes. Academic Press. Soils in Our Environment. Upper Saddle River. Prentice Hall. Upper Saddle River. D. transport. R. Factors and processes of soil formation. urban flora and fauna. Gardiner. Course Outlines Introduction. Soil buffering capacity and its importance. Cation and anion exchange. management and green productivity. humans as components of urban ecosystems. Bashir. 1. NJ. USA. urban political ecology. USA. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization. urbanization in Pakistan. residential mobility and the neighborhood change. Soil Science. Definition..E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment.. urban patterns and ecosystem functions. E. San Diego. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations. urban settlements. N. Miller. soils. Causes of urbanization. Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. National Book Foundation. Forms of urbanization. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. USA. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. Hillel.W. D. CA. and Bantel. and Weil.C. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. Process and outcome. the salient features of urban environments. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. future of urban centers. 2007. 2008.R. R. 45 . Brady. 2007. Urban ecosystem. Soil degradation. 11th Edition. Pakistan. Types and properties of parent materials. Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils. urban landscapes characteristics.T. Soil forming minerals. NJ. PrenticeHall. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. After completion of this course. R. Urbanization.
Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city. Chapman and Hall. London. 4. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. Recommended Books: 1. D.S. Kate. Alberti. nd 2 Edition. SBS academic publishing. Hejny. Hough. I. Aims and Objectives of planning. C. 5.. Planning and Urban Change. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans. 2004. The Works: Anatomy of a City.and Kowaril. USA. 1989. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. 2006. Types of Urban Plans. 1. UR. Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments. M. Scope.and Maser. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation. A. Gilbert. Hague. J. 2007. The planning process. Springer. UK. H. Sukopp. 2009. Ward. 2. M.1990. New trends in planning and city management. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area. Elements of urban planning. nature and purpose of urban planning. Planning and its relationship with other professions. E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. UK.L. Principles of planning. Levels of planning. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems. Silberstein.Recommended Books: Urban Ecology. Justification for planning for city management.. CRC Press LLC. Planning theories and concepts. S. 46 . USA. S. Smith. Routledge. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. Routledge. The Ecology of Urban Habitats. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. 2000. 2.. Penguin Group.. SAGE Publications Ltd.. Land use planning theories. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. O. 2004. UK. 3. City Design for Sustainable Development. London. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level. V. New York.
Landslide. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies.. Manila. Longman Group. 1991. Flooding. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies. G. Physical factors. H. 1993.F. Islamabad. New York. Cultural factors. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development. M. Natural Disasters Alexander. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N.3. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies. 4. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors.. The Guilford Press. 3. It discusses a wide range of aspects. 2nd Edition. Government of Pakistan. E&UA Div.B. The Environment as Hazard Burton I. Introducing Town Planning.W. Techniques and methods to assess hazard. Political factors. R. Different approaches and Indicators. D.. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). and Woodrow. 2. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research.UNESCO. Chapman & Hall. i. 4. Hazards. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters. and White G. 1993...W. Disaster as an opportunity for development. Kates.e. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum. 47 . this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms. 1986. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. Clara. P. Paris. Ministry of Housing and Works. Flood Management: Organizational Role. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. ADB. Prediction. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures...J. Recommended Books: 1.. UK. 1989. Earthquake Management. It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. Natural cycles and their role. Disaster Management Trainings and Policies. Disaster Management: Components of management. Westview Press. New York. International phenomenon. Role of Media in Disaster Management. 1993. Earthquake. Boulder . Socio-economic factors. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization.
consumers.W. sustainable energy management. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions..M. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. energy resources of Pakistan. OECD/IEA. 4th Edition. D. L. Perry R. hydropower. Ecological concept in crop and food production. solar. E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem.H. environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources. Westport. M. Botkin. and Mushkatel. Agroecology. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life. 6. R. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers.5. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.. decomposers. McKinney. merits and demerits of wind. Schoch. 1984. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems. Disasters and Development Cuny. 2.L. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources. Consumer and producer relationship. alternate energy resources. A. Deforestation for agricultural purposes. 2001. primary producers. 1. 1983. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. Phytoremediation and bioremediation. Sustainable livestock management. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future.A. Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem. John Wiley and Sons. and Yonavjak. local. biomass resources. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America. E. Course Outlines Energy-development and environment. New York. types. 2007. 48 . 3.. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. 2007. Farming practices for pests and weeds control.C.B and Keller. USA. F. energy resources. Biotic structure. uses. Paris. 6th Edition. Quorum Books. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals.
E-11 Seminar 49 . Study of stratification and profile diagram. Boulder. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species. 3. Recommended Books: 1. 1995.. Experimental Plant Ecology. Kapur. and Sudha. CBS Publishers and Distributors. C.Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram.P. P. Corol. USA. M. Altreri. 1990. McGraw Hill Publishing Company. New Delhi.H. Study of index of diversity. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity.Determination of density and abundance of plant species. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species. 2.G. Westview Press. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity. R. and Rossel.R. Agrocology. 2000. New York.A. USA. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture. India.M. Yandermeer J.
The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science. The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines. it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor. the Committee agreed on the following principles. 50 . availability of the faculty and other facilities. The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme. 3. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. 5. that: 1. 2. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science. 4. The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions.
11. 6. 12. 9. 24. 9. 5. 20. 2. 17. 3. 21. 2. 16. 25. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 19. 4. 22. 14.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1. 7. 7. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. 26. 8. 6. 11. 5. 4. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. 18. 8. The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. 12. 10. 10. 3. 15. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 . 13. 23.
and Jorqensen. Environmental control Policies. Oxford University Press. 1987. Amsterdam.T. and Bell. Hodder and Stoughton. 3. Money. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan. Regional and International Environmental Issues. Conventions and Protocols in Global. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment. 1991. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan. Islamabad. FURTHER READINGS 1. Hansen.A. Conservation Strategies. Ball. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change.1991. Instruments and methods.DETAILS OF M. Relationship of culture. WCS. S. Mackenzie. development of concepts. NCS. COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management. Provincial and Local Strategies. Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling. 3.1994. F..E. Mackenzie J. GOP and IUCN. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space.. 2.S. 4. S. status of Terrestrial. 2nd Edition.. London Black Stone Press Ltd. technology and resource use. Treaties. D.. 2.. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future.1995. Recommended Books: 1. Environment People and Economy.F. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems.1994. 1992. 52 . London. P. Draft National Environmental Policy. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan. Geography of Pakistan. Karachi. Carrying capacity and sustainable development. Oxford University Press. S. Khan K. Elsevier. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS).E.
Ed. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. C. Demographic impact assessment. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements. WB. ed. sampling rules. 53 . economic impact assessment. 1995. 1995. Wood. role and importance. Environmental auditing. DC. Air and Solid Waste.COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction. Gas Chromatography etc. A. ecological impact assessment. sample collection and preservation. Washington. Wastewater. Environmental and Social Impact assessment. Burnt Hill. Sectoral guidelines for EIA. opportunities and issues. Longman House. Longman Scientific and Technical. England. Case Studies and review. FURTHER READINGS 1. Ministry of Environment. 3. social impact assessment. Greenberg (American Public Health Association). A one Publishers Lahore. process. COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. 1993. Recommended Books: 1. Harlow Essex. procedures and methods of EIA. Environment Department. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. Principles of physical. Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment. Recommended Books: 1. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. D. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). 2.Vanclay.A. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery. Cost benefit analysis of projects. Government of Pakistan. F & Bronstein. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). K. History. Chichester. John Wiley & Sons. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants. World Bank. UK. Ahmed. 2.. Environmental Chemical Analysis. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. Assessment of environmental impacts.
Defining Project objectives. Inc. 1992. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. Project Life Cycle. prevention and control. development objectives.. 2nd Ed.. A Guide to Project Management. Park. specific objectives. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. M/S Banarsid. 1st ed. R. 3. Project Initiation. K. safety techniques. UK. S. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works).. Government Policies and Programs. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. R. J. Mantel s. Reasons for Project success or failure. Ergonomic and Safety. Need identification. 4. B. Oxford University Press New York. 5. MS Project Recommended Books: 1. A. indicators. outputs. Primary health care services. Caeneross. J. T. Project Management: A Managerial Approach. Recommended Books: 1. 2. John Wiley and Sons. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic. Planning Commission Performas. Van Nostrand and Reinhold.. T. and Wright. T. 1st Ed. M. USA. 1st Ed. food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. Writing Project Proposal. Environmental Health Engineering. Kjelllström. means of verification. Prentice Hall International Inc.. COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems. Wiley Interscience. 2002. inputs. T. Project Planning. 1998.COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project.... L. work breakdown structure. Resource Mobilization. Meredith J. Nebel. Project Planning and Approval Processes. New York.. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. Public health concept. assumptions. de Kok. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Accident prevention and safety plans. feasibility study. principles and practices. Project Management Institute. air borne. 2. Basic Environmental Health. activities. 1997. economic evaluation. and Guidotti. Yassi. 2001. London.2000. Occupational Health: problems and issues. Lippmann. USA. communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne. 54 . 1993.
Sayre. Sources of data. Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. 2007. Principles of cleaner production. uses. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Recommended Books: 1. 1990b. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. 3. 4th Edition. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal. alternate energy resources. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management. transport. 3. M. Environmental Auditing. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. Environmental auditing. Paris. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). non-renewable and renewable.B and Keller. nuclear) local. 2007. E. 1998. Botkin. St Luise Press. John Wiley and Sons. Michigan-January 2001. McKinney. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. gas. Schoch. sustainable energy management for agriculture. hydropower. 2.L. USA. data collection and interpretation. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms. energy resources.A. 4. ISO Central Secretariat.. L. industry and domestic sectors. 6th Edition.COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. D. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. merits and demerits of wind.M. 55 . patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. Related Environmental regulations. and Yonavjak. bio-energy resources. types. Recommended Books: 1. solar. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. 2. OECD/IEA. Paris. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. 2001. R. petroleum. energy resources of Pakistan. Switzerland. principles and elements of the process of EMS. D.
Beck. 1st Edition. E & Muller-Hohenstein. Climate Change . UK.Causes. D. 56 . 4. 2003. etc.. John Wiley & Sons. T. resources and plants. E. Modeling of climate change. ED. John Wiley & Sons.T. Hardy. Effects. B & Jager. vegetation dynamics. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Silvertown. management and restoration.D. human activities and vegetation dynamics. survival and extinction. Berlin. global aspects of plant ecology. Green House Gases. Plant Ecology. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics.COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. (Ed. UK 1991. London. K. Climate Change and Ecosystems. geographical and temporal patterns. 2. Vegetation Ecology Ed. ECOPE 29. Maarel. plant conservation. 2. Life history strategies of plants. Climate change and food production. 2004. plant invasions. and Solutions. and Solutions.Causes. 1. competition and coexistence. 2005.. J. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. types of climate change models. Houghton. John Wiley & Sons. 3. D. Species richness. Shulze. water resources. Effects. 2003. & Charlesworth. The Green House Effect. Blackwell Publishing. 5. 2005. J. Blackwell Publishing. Oxford UK.). 2005. 3. Hardy. COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. Springer. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. Introduction to Plant Population Biology. Recommended Books: 1. forests. J. types and their climatic effects. 2005. Warrick. Recommended Books: 1. Climate Change . Plant population dynamics. Chichester. Earthscan Publication Ltd. Oxford.
3. I). FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. Primack. Blackwell Publsihing. Loss of biodiversity. Weddell. Cambridge University Press. London. Mcmillan.L.J. R. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation. II). Cambridge. Biodiversity: An introduction. Sustainable forest management. types. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. T. Oxford.A. Protected areas in Pakistan. distribution. their types and role in conservation. status. 1986. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management. threats and conservation. Cambridge. Global and national biodiversity. Bailey. Rangeland management.COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction. USA. Forests. Essentials of Conservation Biology. Oxford. 57 . Robinson. 2002.J. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan. John Wiley And Sons. And Bolen. UK. Participatory forest management. management. Wildlife of Pakistan. types. Threatened animals and plants. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity. Oxford. Recommended Books: 1. 4. & Spicer. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. distribution. distribution and management. 1992. Consumptive.J. Protection and restoration of species. 3. Establishment and management of protected areas. 2002. Publishers Sunderland. 5. Sinauer Assocaites. its causes.G.(2nd Ed. 1998. Wildlife Ecology and Management. B. COURSE 11 WILDLIFE. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali. Forest plantations. their importance.) Gaston. J. kinds. habitats and ecosystems. Wetlands.D. Recommended Books: 1. 1984. W. S. 1973 2. Oxford University Press. Oxford University Press. Oxford University Press. K. deforestation and its control. Status of forests in Pakistan. Roberts. T. Principles of Wildlife Management. 2004.J. 2. UK. biological diversity. J. Roberts. Conserving Living Natural Resources. Inc.B. problems and solutions. their ecological and economic importance. E. Extinction of species. & Ripley. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity. Protected areas. S. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol.
London. 2000. 1986. Penguin Group. urban landscape characteristics. E&UA Div. drinking water and solid waste in cities. 2007. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages. Introducing Town Planning. New York. 2004. 4. J. Recommended Books: 1. CRC Press LLC. Urban planning and management in Pakistan. urban political ecology. H. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. urbanization in Pakistan. C. Longman Group. The Works: Anatomy of a City. V.. Kate. Sustainable cities. urban systems and their characteristics. 1993. Silberstein. Environmental problems of urban life.. Islamabad. Planning and Urban Change.. 3. 58 . G. Urban land use planning and management.COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction. USA. Ministry of Housing and Works. UK.. UK. future of urban centers. USA. Forms of urbanization. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. sanitation. SAGE Publications Ltd. S. 2. management of transport. Clara.and Maser. Government of Pakistan. Ward. A.
1997.Annexure . active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. ISBN 0194313492 59 . Exercises 1. Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. Practical English Grammar by A. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1.A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. Oxford University Press. Third edition. Martinet. a) Functional English Grammar 1. Thomson and A.V.J.
use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. Reading. Oxford Supplementary Skills. and speed reading. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Third edition. b) Practical English Grammar by A. Third Impression 1992. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. minutes of meetings.2.V. Writing. intensive and extensive. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 . Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. Oxford University Press. Fourth Impression 1993.J. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. Upper Intermediate. Reading/Comprehension 1. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Exercises 2. 1997. Martinet. Thomson and A.
Oxford University Press 1986. 2. Exercises 2. Fourth Impression 1992. Martinet. Reading.1.J. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. Oxford Supplementary Skills. descriptive and argumentative writing). Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Advanced. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. Writing. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Third Impression 1991. Fourth Impression 1993. content. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. narrative. Advanced by Ron White. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Third Impression 1992. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. discursive. form. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. Thomson and A. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. Writing. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Reading 1. b) Writing 1. Third edition. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. Practical English Grammar by A. Oxford Supplementary Skills. clarity. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 . Writing.V. language. 2. introduction to presentations. Oxford Supplementary Skills. ISBN 0 19 431350 6.
2. A Custom Publication. 3. 62 . argumentative and report writing). Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. Compiled by norther Illinois University. Martin’s Press. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. descriptive. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. Mandell. Kirszner and Stephen R. 2004. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education.(particularly suitable for discursive. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. St. Kathleen Shine Cain. College Writing Skills by John Langan. without taxing the taste of engineering students). (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature.
Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Akbar. Mehmood. b. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. 2000. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki. 1958-71 c. 1993. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. government. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan.M. 1971-77 d. contemporary Pakistan. Shahid Javed. Muslim advent iii. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. Location and geo-physical features. . S. 1977-88 e. Course Outline 1. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. 1988-99 f. People and Land i. Society and social structure c. 1999 onward 3. Indus Civilization ii. 2. Safdar. 63 Books Recommended 1. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. Zaidi. politics. national development. Ethnicity d. Lahore. Economic institutions and issues b. Study the process of governance.Annexure .B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. State & Society in Pakistan. 1947-58 b. Contemporary Pakistan a. 2. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. 4. 1994. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. S. Karachi: Oxford University Press. ideological background of Pakistan. Historical Perspective a. 3.
64 .5. Party. Mehmood. Noor ul. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. Islamabad. Washington: American Enterprise. Haq. 9. Sayeed. Wayne. Amin. 14. Ethno . Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Khalid Bin. Pakistan Under Martial Law. Wilcox. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Karachi: Royal Book Company. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. Lawrence. Institute of Public Policy Research. 1976. Vol. 12. Lahore: Vanguard. Ansar. Club Road. Enigma of Political Development. History & Culture of Sindh. 11. Politics in Pakistan. Rafique. Aziz. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. K. I. 1972. 7. 1987. Political Parties in Pakistan. 6. 13. 1980. 1998. Afzal. nd. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. M. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. Tahir. Muhammad Waseem. Zahid.K. Ziring. II & III. 1980.. 8. 10.National Movement in Pakistan. The Political System of Pakistan. 1967.The Emergence of Banglades. 1993. Safdar. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia.
Tadabar (Verse No1.57.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 .W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.21.A.A.6.20) Related to thinking.Annexure .A.40. 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.A.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.58.19.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.56.C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.
3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt. in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .
Islamabad (2001) 67 .” Hussain Hamid Hassan. International Islamic University.3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. Ahmad Hasan. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. “Studies in Islamic Law. Bhatia. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. Pakistan.S. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. “Emergence of Islam” . Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. IRI.
complex numbers. types. PWS-Kent Company. 1986. not majoring in mathematics. geometric progression. Houghton & Mifflin. system of linear equations. 1978. PWS-Kent Company.D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. Beckenback EF. matrix inverse. functions. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. harmonic progression.Annexure . equations reducible to quadratic equations. trigonometric identities. Sharron S. Boston Swokowski EW. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. determinants. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. types of functions. Wooton W. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. College Algebra and Trigonometry. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. cube roots of unity. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. 1987. Boston 68 . set operations. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. Cramer’s rule. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. introduction to sets.
continuous functions. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. Recommended Books: Anton H. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. 2005. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. functions and their graphs. 69 . Finney AR. differentiation of polynomial.2. solution of equations involving absolute values. John Wiley. continuity. Calculus (3rd edition). parallel and perpendicular lines. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. angle between two lines. USA 3. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. various forms of equation of a line. Calculus (11th edition). Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). slope of a line. New York Stewart J. PWS-Kent Company. rational and transcendental functions. distance between a point and a line. integration by substitution. Ma. 2005. Reading. Addison-Wesley. equation of a line. 1995. not majoring in mathematics. Bevens I. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. left-hand and right-hand limits. 1983. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. change of variables in indefinite integrals. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Boston Thomas GB. Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. inequalities. not majoring in mathematics. distance between two points. integration by parts. derivatives. intersection of two lines. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Davis S.
• Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. College Algebra and Trigonometry. system of linear equations. 1986. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Matrices: Introduction to matrices. Conic Sections: Parabola. circles determined by various conditions. equations reducible to quadratic equations. types of matrices. Scott. : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. determinants. Freshman and Company. inverse of matrices. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination.Circle: Equation of a circle. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. hyperbola. functions. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. 1987. Introduction to sets. Boston Swokowski EW. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. intersection of lines and circles. 70 . • Contents 1. nature of roots of quadratic equations. PWS-Kent Company. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). PWS-Kent Company. Analytic Geometry. 1969 Kaufmann JE. locus of a point in various conditions. set operations. Boston 4. ellipse. types of functions. Cramer’s rule.
characteristics of statistics. Wilcox. R.. Prentice Hall. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. W.. variance. Latest Edition. array. R.. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. 2. Swokowski. discrete and continuous series. moments. Graphs: Graph of straight line. PWS-Kent Company. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. deciles and percentiles. 2. quartiles. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. 5. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. ungrouped and grouped data. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. 71 . Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem.. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. Kaufmann. individual. skewness and kurtosis. E. circle and trigonometric functions. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. standard deviation. 3. Books Recommended: 1. Boston. Latest Edition. J.geometric and harmonic progressions. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. E. Walpole. E. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. tally sheet method. frequency polygon. types of frequency series. trigonometric identities. cumulative frequency curve. Latest Edition. Measures of dispersion: Range. R. relationship of statistics with social science. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. bar frequency diagram histogram. 4.
reduction formulae. 2. and Transcendental Functions.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. logarithmic integration. Anton. Mathews. Contents 1. H. 6. quotients. 6. 11th Edition. 1983. Rational and Transcendental Functions. infinite and improper integrals. Continuous Functions. S. special points of a function. Calculus. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. Thomas.Jr. 3. theorems of differentiation. 4. Integration by Parts. Recommended Books: 1. Bevens. McCallum. Swokowski. W. et al. 3rd Edition. Least-Squares Line. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . Continuity. Calculus Single and Multivariable. Gleason. Inc. implicit differentiation. Inc. 1999. • Integration Integration from first principles. Equation of a Line. sinusoidal function. 2005. Slope of a Line. Prentice-Hall. substitution method. Frank A. the chain rule. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. 2. Elliott Mendelson. Jhon Willey & Sons. Boston. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. Second Edition 1992. Calculus. I. John Wiley & Sons. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus. Hughes-Hallett. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. Davis. logarithmic differentiation. Solution of equations involving absolute values. John H. integral inequalities. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. plane polar coordinates. Schaum’s Outline Series. Trigonometric Functions. Calculus. applications of integration. integration by inspection. 2005. products. 4th edition. Extreme Values of Functions. 2002. the inverse of differentiation. Addison Wesley publishing company. integration using partial fractions. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. Leibnitz’ theorem. Inequalities. 5. Rational Functions. 8th edition. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. integration by parts. E.
standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 .Additions and subtraction. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. the difference method. series involving natural numbers. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. finding the nth roots of unity. division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. solving hyperbolic equations. inverses of hyperbolic functions. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. arithmetico-geometric series. modulus and argument. multiplication. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. complex conjugate. geometric series. identities of hyperbolic functions. approximation errors in Taylor series.
of a unitary matrix. line to line. point to plane. of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 . centers of mass and centroids.5. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. Pappus’ theorems. orthogonal. Hermitian. moments of inertia. scalar triple product. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. symmetric and antisymmetric. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. vector product. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. masses. line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7. 6. the inner product. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line.
8. combinations of grad. div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. divergence of a vector field. curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. spherical polar coordinates 75 .
Exercises. Unit 3. Errors of measurement. Ogive for Discrete Variable. Standardized variables. bias. Population. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Pie chart. Median and mode. Coefficient of variation. Graphs and their Construction. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. The semi-Interquartile Range. probability and non-probability sampling. Significant digits. properties of Good Average. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Poisson and Normal Distribution. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Historigram. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Editing of Data. Different types of Averages. null and alternative hypothesis. Unit 2. Collection of primary and secondary data. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. The Mean Deviation. Rounding of a Number. Exercises Unit 6. Diagrams. sampling with and without replacement. sampling and non sampling errors. sample design and sampling frame. Exercises. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Sources. Observations. Test statistics. Exercises. Range. 76 . Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Absolute and relative measures. Types of frequency curves. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Difference of means and proportions. Exercises. Type-I and Type-II errors. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Probability and Probability Distributions.Annexure . Exercises. Change of origin and scale. Empirical Relation between Mean. level of significance. Unit 7. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Box and Whisker Plot. Data. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. The Mode. Quantiles. Histogram. The Variance and standard deviation. acceptance and rejection regions. Statistical problem. Unit 5. Moments and Moments ratios.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. definition of outliers and their detection. Presentation of Data Introduction. Exercises. Discrete and continuous variables. Stem and Leaf Display. Bar charts. Unit 4.
Coefficient of linear correlation. 2005. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”.. 1982. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. 2 Muhammad. Exercises Unit 10. Regression and Correlation Introduction. r and R2. E.Unit 8. examples. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. Testing of Hypothesis. “Introduction to Statistics”. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. its estimation and interpretation. New York.Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. Kitab Markaz. Inc. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. Exercises. F. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. cause and effect relationships. Exercises Unit 9. Contingency Tables.. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. Unit 11. simple linear regression. Macmillan Publishing Co.Single Population Introduction. Correlation. R. 77 . Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. 3rd Ed.
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