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For BS MS
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………
6 12 14 50 51
The world has turned into a global village. It is. imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge. degree awarding institutions. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976. It also aimed to give a basic. and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee. DR. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. dated December 4th 1976. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. D773/76-JEA (cur. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions.).PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. 2009 at the HEC Regional Center. and 36. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. Lahore. respective accreditation councils and stake holders. therefore. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. the Federal Government vide notification No. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. PROF. 63. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. R&D organizations. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration. SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 . universities and other institutions of higher education. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30.ALTAF ALI G. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees.
UNI. PREP. EXP. UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRI. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I PREP. COL. OF CURRI. OF DRAFT BY NCRC REVIEW IMPLE. Abbreviations Used: NCRC. REC. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREP. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. R&D. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI. OF NCRC. LI R&D HEC Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. Preparation 5 . QUESTIONNAIRE CONS.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRI. OF FINAL CURRI.
Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head. Member 3. Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. Lahore Member 6. Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr. 7. Rawalpindi Dr. Dr. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. Member 4. Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall. Karachi from 28-30. Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. Member 6 . Dr.Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre. Dr. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. Member 5. Rawalpindi Dr. Following attended the meeting:1. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline.
Member 15. Dr. Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore. Dr. Karachi Member 12. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr.8. Dr. Prof. Member 10. Member 16. 13. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. Dr. Prof. 7 . Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof. Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9. Member 14. Member 11. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi. Dr. Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof. Dr.
Mr. Shafiq-ur-Rehman. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society. 1. 2. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. Chairman. Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. Director of HEC Regional Center. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr. Faisalabad Member 18.17. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. Dr. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. Member 20. Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. The meeting was opened by Mr. Karachi. Secretary Dr. Islamabad coordinated the meeting. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards. 8 . Member 19. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. Dr. At first. Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. Mr.
The committee thanked Mr. Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. 3. These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses. In last few centuries. The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity. Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 . 4. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development. 5. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution.3. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development. 2. The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. 6. The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities. 1. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre.
5. Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. regional and global contexts. Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 . The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. This committee. professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii. skills and behaviour patterns. ii. and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv. in its preliminary meeting. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility. This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today. Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science. Apply theoretical understanding.
. assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science. Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature. UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles. skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2. 5. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English. A. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i. eight semesters in the semester system. The 11 . DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee. Sc. 1. Integrating natural sciences. that: 1. 2.e. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level. The medium of instruction. 3. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science. pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals. with consensus. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration. 6. 4.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment.
Sociology/Anthropology* 11. Introduction to Computer 14. Psychology* . Environmental Pollution 22. Introduction to Earth Science 8. Basic Chemistry* 4. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. Fundamentals of Ecology 20.proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. English-III 18. Biology –I* 3. Introduction to Environmental Science 2. English-II 12. Environmental Chemistry 15. Climatology* 23. Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13. Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19. English-I 6. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7. Environmental Physics 16. The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order. Environmental Microbiology 21. SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5. Introductory Economics* 17. Biology –II* 9.
Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28. Climate Change 38. ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43. Environmental Economics 29. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30. Applied Ecology 26. Environmental Monitoring 36. Research Methods in Environmental Science 41. English-IV/ Univ. ELECTIVE-III 42. 45. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31. 44. Environmental toxicology 27.24. Environmental Management Systems 34. 46. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25. Opt. ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37. Natural Resource Management 40. Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours . Environmental Biotechnology 32. Environmental Impact Assessment 39. Biodiversity & Conservation 35.
• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical. • Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .
4. ecological. D. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment. & Nebel. E. current global. ethical. B.M. regional. M. The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms. R. proteins and nucleic acids. Major components of environment: physico-chemical. Thomson Learning..B & Keller. Recommended Books: 1. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet.J. philosophical. Schoch. John Wiley & Sons. national. 2007. its importance in human life. 10th Ed. 2007.. McKinney. Wright. Different aspects of environment: physical. lipids. G. Pearson Educational. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY . 4th Ed. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth. Environmental Science: systems and solutions. biological and social. Botkin.L.I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life. R. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development. 2002. Environmental Science: working with the Earth. and their relationships with various environmental factors. history.T. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Miller. development in industry and agriculture. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future. environmental pollution.A. socio-economic. 6th Ed. poverty and resource depletion. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts. Human environment and its problems: global. urbanization. 2007 3.DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline. 15 . 2. & Yonavjak. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates. L.
the molecule of genetic information and replication. N. Biology: a Human Emphasis. and Lewis. Shier. 4. 16 . chemical diversity. esters. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology. Australia . Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. and Whitelaw. carbonyls. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. USA. E. A. 2.. amines). 2008. Structure and the basis of function. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. Cell division. covalent. protobionts. carboxylic acids. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. Aromatic compounds. 2007. origin of metabolism. Plopper. Cells. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa.. phospholipids in membrane systems. proteins. McGraw. B. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. 5th Edetion. The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. USA. polypeptides in protein diversity. Lewis. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. V. Starr. G. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals. 1996. coordinate covalent bond. Molecular Biology through Questions. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations. 3. Lingappa. Wadsworth Group. R. 2007. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. 2003.Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life. Ltd. C. lipids. Crossley.. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. Bulter. carbohydrates. Origin of life: chemical evolution. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. D. 1.. Introduction to cell biology. R. 5. M. 8th Ed. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. Study of mitosis in onion root tip.. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding. Nucleic acids. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus. Self Assessment and Revie. J. L.Hill International Edition. USA. lipids. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin. Canada. Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell. chemical basis of life. New York. Cassimeris. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods. Ionic.
straight line and related concepts. Liss. Photochemical reactions. Measurement of pH. Binomial theorem (Simple applications). 2003.H. COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences.. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations). An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional). Thomson and Brooks. coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane. D. 1st Ed. D. USA. 2nd Edition. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics.. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane.. 4. angle-sum formula. Recommended Books: 1. Understanding Environmental Pollution. real line. Jones and Barlett. Andrews.. West. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. 5. Freeman and Company. graphs. Use of spectrophotometric techniques. Sequence and series: Arithmetic. J.A. expansion of determinants. Hill. UK. series and means. Algebra of matrices. 6th Edition. minor and cofactor of a matrix. Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers.E. P. 17 .S. Colloids chemistry. M. Girard.ions. F. Surface chemistry. Osmosis and Dialysis. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. Lab Work Preparation of molar. Skoog. and Reid. equations of lines (linear equations). Thin layer chromatography. 2005. EC and TDS in waste water. Canada. geometric and harmonic sequence. W. P. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra. radicals. 2004. values of trigonometric functions. 2. Column chromatography.J.. Jickells. double angle formulas.C. Brimblecombe. Harris. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula.E. 2004. 3. USA. normal solutions/buffers.. molal. J. T.Special Products (Binomial Expression). determinants. Matrices and Determinants: Matrix.M. and Holler. 8th Edition. law of Cosines. Cambridge University Press. simultaneous equations and their solutions.J.. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles.D. UK. concepts of six basic trigonometric functions.. Blackwell Science. Principles of Environmental Chemistry.. 2nd Edition.K. B. D. 2004. Solution chemistry.
Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension. Pacific Grove. by parts integration (simple applications). age.A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure .B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. D. weathering and erosion. mountain building. Introduction to rocks and minerals. Earth as a member of solar system. Integration: Formulas of integration.Wesley. 3. Abraham. Addission. different earth processes like mountain buildings. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation. Introduction to folds. Weathering. G. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions. 4th Ed. erosion and related landforms. the processes of their formation. This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals. difference. Introduction to sedimentary. lineation and unconformities. irreducible quadratic factors. Recommended Books: 1. 10th Ed. cleavages. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. plate tectonics. Thomas.. theorem of integration. K. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. Chatterjee. Jr. New Delhi. nonrepeated linear factors. Smith.Cramer’s Rule. earthquakes and volcanoes. faults. joints. and Finney. its origin. theorems on differentiation (sum. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors. Trignometry for College students. Narosa Publishing House. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. earthquakes. L. composition and its internal structure. 4. S. 18 . foliation. igneous and metamorphic rocks. Analytical Geometry. product and quotient rules without derivations). Chain rule. 2. Fossils and their significance. 1999. COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure . R. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. J.B. Scott Foresman and Company. California. Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography..
Recommended Books: 1. measuring biodiversity. Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. J.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps. examples of adjustments in varied environment. 11th Edition. animals). Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. population loss and decline. Physical Geology and Process of Science. 2007 3. Park. Biodiversity of deserts.II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution.. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories.. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation. biodiversity crises. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species. Prentice Hall: 2006. Prentice Hall.. and Pun. Life in sea. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification. consequences of losing biodiversity. How Does Earth Work. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis. Lutgens.. R. Field Study tour. 9th Edition. Foundations of Structural Biology. D. molecular basis of biodiversity. F.. and Tasa. J. crucial for organisms’ sustainability. Darwinism. interactions among diversified life. R. Routledge. Tarbuck. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity.. Biodiversity of hilly areas. Tarbuck. Lamarckism. Smith. 5.. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants. Geological time chart with biodiversity. Lutgens. E.. 2007 2. Wicander. J. Prentice Hall. Biodiversity of canal. causes of extinction. A.. Geographical aspects of biodiversity. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat. G. E. Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology. D. protocell formation. modern concepts. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water. 2004. COURSE 8 BIOLOGY .Identification of rocks and minerals. 19 . 3rd Edition. K. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. Earth Science. K. Brooks/Cole. different classification systems. and Monroe. G. multicellularity. invasion of life on land. F. and Tasa. 5th Edition. 4. Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life. 2005. unicellularity. Use of brunton compass and GPS.
(editors). I. J. 2009. Recommended Books: 1. The Biosphere. 3. Townsend. 20 . C. 3. Understanding the environment-human relationship. culture and society. CA: AltaMira Press. K. (editor). Use of environment for vested interest. 3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment. Biodiversity (An Introduction). I. Contemporary environmental status. Routledge. and Spicer. IL:WavelandPress. The Ecology of global consumer culture. UK. 2006. 5th Edition. and Sustainable Living. Goals and expectations. Inc. Blackwell Science Ltd. Perspective of human-environment evolution. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions. J. Bradbury. New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. Environmental Risks and the Media. and concerns. USA. a Human Emphasis. C. Contemporary environment issues and debate. UK. 2nd Edition. 2001. Allan & Carter. Biology. P. Chronological. Consumption. New York: New York University Press. Nora and Wilk. Scope and application.. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. 2009.K. Adam. Conceptualizing environment. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. Hannen. power & hegemony. R. 4. John Wiley and Sons. globalization and environmental issues. 2. Wadsworth Group. 2000. K. Starr.. Culture. 2005. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. Gaston. Tripartite nature of environment. L. Inc. Walnut Creek. Crumley. COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure . 2. 2003.E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems. Prospect Heights. UK. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology.
Microsoft office 2000. Operating system (Windows). Ed. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Courter. e-mail. Ms-Access.H. COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure . Ms-Excel.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure . Marquis A. Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures.. After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry. Selin. Hardware: Input Hardware. Milton.C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere. processing hardware. 6. Introduction to MS-Word. Local Area Network.6th Ed.BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment. Recommended Books: 1. software packages. Rutledge. Long l. physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry. Software: Application software.. 2. output hardware. G. 21 . Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse. 2003. Ms-Power Point. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion.London 1996. K. Fundamentals of computer.5.1999. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered. internet. computer programs and basic applications. Long N. as are their effects on the biosphere. Configurations. system software. Types and classification of computers. Storage hardware. Course Outlines Definition.
Conversion of mass. B.. Andrews. Germany. 2004. Turbulent jets and plumes. atmospheric and soil chemistry. J. Springer. Environmental Science. C.. Girard. Banerji Prentice Hall of India. Ozone chemistry.S. 2004. Reducing the transmission of sound. 1st Edition. Hernandez-Esparza. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light. Jickells. Fundamentals of aquatic. interaction of light with matter. P. 2. Sound and Noise... Ozone and UV light.G. trophic level. photosynthesis. 3. Ibanez. T.J. Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics. Active control of sound.Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry. Recommended Books: 1. 1999.. Liquids and Gasses.D. Energy. Entropy.M.. Blackwell Science. India. Chemical reactions. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer. Solar spectrum. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants. Brimblecombe. Basic acoustics. M. Liss. DoriaSerrano. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Environmental Chemistry.T.. J. Fregoso-Infante. Diffusion. Turbulent diffusion. Solids. USA. Particle physics. 2nd Edition. J. Gaussian plumes in the air. and Reid. Thomson-Brooks. UK. Canada. Miller. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. P. its causes and adverse effects on environment. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light. Human perceptions and noise criteria. Nuclear energy. 4. 2005.E. Measurement and comparison of the 22 . M. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts. K. Electromagnetic radiation. Environmental impact of various industries. Energy conversion. Samir. Heat radiation and heat transfer. A. Transport of pollutants. 2008. Isotopes and radioactive decay. COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter. Fate of pollutants in environment.. Radioactivity and nuclear physics. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems.. Turbulence. their sources and toxic actions. and Singh.E... Global climate and climatic change. G. Jones and Barlett. 5. Equations of fluid dynamics. Environmental Chemistry.
Smith. and Pandis. and Resource allocation. Todaro. 2. concepts and measurement. 2008. Introductory Environmental Physics. Routledge. UK. 7th Ed. Pakistan economic context: National income. J.Economic development.1998. 2001. economic welfare and difference among all. 2. Recommended Books: 1. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. S. 2001. COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. New York. World Bank Publications. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. Guyot. poverty. N. G. P. producer and community point of view. Economic Development.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. Measures for sustainable development. Physics of the Environment and Climate. E. economic growth and its measurement. 4. Kentucky USA. Seinfeld. population and environmental quality. Growth and development. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods. R. 3. USA. Environmental Physics. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. 2006. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Recommended Books: 1. and Van Grondelle. Man environmental relationship. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Praxis publishing. economic progress.. Economic management and environmental quality. Environmental economics. Course Outlines Introduction to economics. C. 23 . Natural resources and the economy. interaction between ecology and economic management. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter. USA. economic growth. Field visit. USA. S. Yusuf. Growth and Environment. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. M. H. USA. Impact of economic activity on environment. 2008. Economic functions of environment. Producer behavior. Boeker. Sustainable development. Wesely Publishers.
Touchstone Books. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale. community. World Bank Publications.. levels of ecological organization. USA. 2008. N. J. B. 4. biogeography. B. population. Portland 1967. Environmental philosophy and ethics. Hanley. 2002. Farmington Hills. C. Course Outlines Introduction. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy. R. M. Introduction to ethical theory. community and ecosystem. Economics. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology. species. soil. concepts and approaches. 3. England. Russell. Frodeman. World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography.A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems. water. 2007. and White.. temperature. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. LLC. Swift. London. A History of Western Philosophy. and systems ecology.3. 2009.V. Ecology.. Ecosystem and its types. the ethics of soil. 2. 4. Environmental Critics of agriculture. 24 . USA. B. its fundamental concepts.. WCIV7AA. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. branches of ecology. role of light.A. description of population. & Pierce. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. Callicott. Shogren. Natural philosophy. International Thomson Publishing. DeVeer. J. ethics and ecology. D. 2008. Palgrave Macmillan. Recommended Books: 1. Kessinger Publishing. COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure .
Biomes of the world. 1992. Fundamentals of Ecology. King’s College London. Odum. Ecosystem: structure and function. New Delhi. N. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems. Fundamentals of Ecology. 1999 4. COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment.) Moles. agricultural and industrial ecosystems. aero-microbiology and food microbiology. bacteria and eukarya. plant geography and animal distribution. community dynamics. C. Concepts of Limiting factors. habitat and niche. students will be able to understand the significance.Cox. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. Populations. and More. J. UK. Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. 5th Ed. P.topography and air as ecological factors. productivity of different ecosystems. Dash. Microbial metabolism. After completion of this course. population dynamics. M. M J. 6th Ed. Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. Systems ecology. E P. 2000. role and application of microorganisms in the environment. 2. UK. and S. WCB/McGraw-Hill.W. with special emphasis on their environmental impact. distribution limits. landscape ecology. Cambridge University Press. Population distribution and abundance. 2001 5. Lab Work 25 . Biogeochemical cycles of C. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. Ecology (concepts and applications. ecological modeling. Chapman. C. Ecology (principles and applications). Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). and Barett. G. 1st Ed. characteristics of urban. Tata McGraw-Hill. 2004. Recommended Books 1. various concepts of community. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. 3.L and Reiss. biotic factors. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea. aquatic microbiology. New York. Microbiology of terrestrial environments. J. Thomson Brooks/Cole. M C J 1st ed. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. B. landscape changes and their importance.
. Pollution Control Strategies. 3. P. Understanding Environmental Pollution. Cambridge University Press. L. Soil. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally.A. R. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology. Manual of Environmental Microbiology.L.A. Weiner. Hartel. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution.J. International Protocols (BASAL Convention). 2002. London. M.W.F.L. and Zuberer.J.. 2 Edition.J. and Gerba. Effects of Pollutants. L. Crawford. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic. W. Peiece. Washington DC. Noise. C. nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution.. F. D.. 26 . Types of Environmental pollution: Air. (Elsevier) USA.L. Fuhrmann.I. Hurrst. Recommended Books: 1. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water. Environmental Microbiology. Recommended Books 1. G. I. Cambridge UK.B. 2007. 2005. Academic Press. purification and preservation.D. Case Studies. Academic Press.. Prentice Hall. R. 2.J. 4. 5. McInernery. its sources and their effects. P. Maier. Sylvia. USA. New Jersey.. D.K. Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents. Microbiology. A.C.1998. Prescott. 2005.Gerba. C. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal. Mean plate count. 2005. D.. Water. Human & other living organisms. Fate of Environmental Pollutants.. and Jeffery. Marine & Industrial pollution.. J.M.. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual. USA. 4th Edition. and Klein. isolation.P. Harley.Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection. M. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines. Knudsen. 2.P. 2nd Edition. J. USA. Solid Waste generation.M. USA. UK. J. 2009.P. Dilution plate technique. Butterworth-Heinemann. 1995.G. American Society for Microbiology.. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel.M.R. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution. and Stetzenbach.. USA. Hill. Academic Press. Collection.and Brendecke.A.J. peppor. Environmental Pollution and Control..V. Pepper. McGraw Hill Inc. transportation & treatments.and Vesilaind. 3.
K. global circulation. John Wiley and Sons. Cloud Classification. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater.F. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications. 1988. A. Austin Miller. 27 .4. 2002.M. Karachi. Royal book company. COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences. Shamshad. Factors affecting air Pressure. 6th Edition.. Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere.J. The Physics of Atmospheres. John H. Mechanism of heat transfer. Lutgens. K. . concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. Solar radiations. climatic zones of Pakistan. processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. Tarbuck.. condensation and cloud Formation.W. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment. Climatology. local winds. A brief historical background and schools of psychology. air pressure. Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History.. Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided. Recommended Books: 1. Lawrance K.. Spyros. 2. American Public Health Association (APHA). 4. Marcel Dekkar. 5.From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. The Atmosphere. COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere. Methods of psychology. Pandis. Environmental psychology. Radiation and climate. Cambridge University Press. 1992. Sadder. Surface winds. N. Four Spheres of the Earth.2nd Editions. The climate of Pakistan.E. 3. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . 2006 5. The Hydrologic cycle. The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan. Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). Heat and the Earth's atmosphere. 2003. Weather and Climate. Houghton J.
concepts. Soil as a natural resource.A. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. Sustainable livestock management practices. Future water scenario of Pakistan. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species. 2001.C. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts.. Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. Ecology of food production. London. species response to pollutants. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture. Background and scope. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine.. and Baum A. T. limitation of irrigated agriculture. Pollution control through Ecology. soil resources of Pakistan. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives. sustainable agriculture. Bell. 1992. 5th Edition. London. soil erosion and conservation. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. Course Outline Introduction. 2. M. 28 .characteristics and research methods. CRC Press. Environmental Psychology. High population density and psychological impacts. Water and distribution of species. carbon dioxide and global climate change. Greene. COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. Environmental perception and cognition. Fundamental of Psychology.W. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. their management and ecological restoration. Recommended Books: 1. Restoration of derelict lands. Ecological restoration. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. Water as an ecological resource. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan.D. P. Sustainable agricultural practices. energy and carbon balance. CRC Press. rivers. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. techniques and methods of restoration. Fisher J. Routledge. threats and mitigation. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. Eysenck. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change. Routledge. soil salinity and water logging. solar radiation and primary production.
I. Synergism. water and soil. Margaret A. 5th Edition. 2006.Recommended Books: 1. 2000 2. Peshawar. Soil Science. Falk. J. Newman. 5. terminologies: Poisons. Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History. Potentiation and Addition. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. 29 . Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic. Studies in Pakistan Geography. and Barett. Island Press. in vivo & in vitro assays. K. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures. Foundations of Restoration Ecology. University of Peshawar. J. toxicology of chemicals.W. 4. Mumtaz. 1996. 2004.. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms. Organs. E.S. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management. and Memon. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. Oxford. Pakistan’s Environment. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals. on human and other living organisms. Immunological considerations in toxicology. A. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. Chemical interactions and their types. Israr-ud-Din. Odum E. Determination of chemicals in biological samples. R. G. 1989. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. Determination of Interaction of chemicals.. D. Lahore. A. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents.. dose response relationship in living organisms.. from natural and anthropogenic sources. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications. 2nd ed. biological effects. Rashid. toxicity screening using microbial systems.P. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. 3. P. K and Habib. Toxicity: Types and its measurement.1998.A.National Book Foundation. toxins & toxicants. Islamabad. B. soil and air samples. Fundamentals of Ecology. Shirkat Gah. Zedler. COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals. their containment and control strategies. USA. Thomson Brooks/Cole. and Hobbs. toxins vs toxicants. Blackwell Scientific Publications.
1996. General and Applied Toxicology. 1st Edition. Government of Pakistan.M. P. 3. (ed. the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements. water resources. USA. State of the Environment-Pakistan . the economy and the environment. 5th Edition.. COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development.2005 2. people. the economic benefits of different environmental resources. Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann. economic aspects of different environmental problems. measuring environmental benefits. McGrawhill. Ballantyne. economic development and the environment. Course Outlines Introduction to history. Recommended Books 1. 1993. 1st Edition. health. pollution control-a general model. CRC Press Llc. geography. Recommended Books: 30 . Course Outlines Introduction. B. Ecological: ecological zones. Environmental Profile of Pakistan. culture. industry. Macmillan Press Ltd. clean development mechanism. major ecosystems. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis. Williams.Science of Poisons . Hughes. 2005 2. education. M. W.1 & 2. Klassen. Vol. 1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development.D. T and Turner. USA. First and Second law of Thermodynamics. topographic zones. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology.Recommended Books 1. international trade and the environment. W. 1992. 3.). estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement. urbanization and pollution. USA. land. Economic: agriculture.
Thomson and Brooks. soil (NPK and organic matter contents. Freeman & Co. Environmental Economics. All Solids. and F. Gravimetery. 3.A. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve. preparation and storage.L. Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction. I. Biomarkers in environmental assessment. Gravimetery. Oxford University Press.C. salinity & sodicity). Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH. CSIRO Publ. COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. D.1. Conductivitymetry. 8th Edition. D.2004. precision and accuracy.D. 4. New York. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. C.. Kolstad. and derived S. and Batemen. M. 31 . Sparrow and D. Johns Hopkins University Press. 1993. Sample collection.and Field. NO3–N & NH4-N). Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. 3. Fluoride.I. Reuter. Qualitative Chemical Analysis..W. Pearce. B. Conductivitymetry.K. D. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual. Collingwood. 2003.I. 2005. BOD. Harris.. Turner.UK. handling. Peverill. Standard solutions and standard curves. Sample preservation methods. Lab Work S. J. Analytical techniques for soil. water and plant analysis. Environmental Economics: An Introduction. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery. Skoog. M. 2. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive.2002.K. Oxford. 2000. Use of Potentiometery. D.J. Australia. Field.. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association). L. Recommended Books: 1. USA. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples. K. units. C. Titrimetery. 6th Edition.. 1999. West. 2. Titrimetery. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling. Holler. Data interpretation for quality control. Spectroscopy and Chromatography.R.. COD. A. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
2nd Ed. Isolation. Introduction to microbial kinetics. 2007. National Biotechnology Commission. COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 . 2001.). 2009. Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems. National Biosafety Guidelines. Course Outlines Introduction. England. and Russel.living organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution. D. J. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. After completion of this course. USA. Bioreactors. New York. 3. Recommended Books 1.E. Biomarkers. Recombinant DNA technology. Wiley-VCH Verlag. A. Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques.1999. Cambridge University Press.. (ed. W. Smith. and Josef. 4. Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants. 5th Ed. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques. Derbre.. Oxford University Press. New York. Tools in environmental biotechnology. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms. Hans- Joachim. J. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd. Scragg. USA.P. Biotechnology. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns.W. PCR.COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments. students will be able to understand the significance. Environmental Biotechnology.D. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. Biosensor. J. Government of Pakistan. Chichoster. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment. 2005. Germany. purification and preservation of DNA. 2. USA. 2005. and application of biotechnology in the environment. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures. Sambrook. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.
map projection and coordinate systems. integration of information from many sources. Interpretation. K and L. Introduction to GIS. Mc Graw Hill Education. Harvey. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission. Agriculture. eradication of the duplicated data. Types of data used in GIS. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. Campbell. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. John Wiley and Sons. Data acquisition. Z. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. John Wiley and Sons. Jensen. Preparation of thematic maps.Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. Data entry and output. 2000. 3. Inc. Pearsons Education. Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. 4. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. F. Inc. Introduction to Photogrammetry. Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. Image Processing. History and data collection. R. Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. Guilfoud press New York. Forestry. A. COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . Fishery and wildlife. 1999. Energy Sources. 2008. 5. 2000. Using and reading GPS in field. Lulla. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. V. Cartography. analysis and output. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. Aerial photography. Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. 2009. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. Dessinov. A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. advantages and limitations of process. Rancez. Active and Passive remote sensing. Different types of maps. history and platforms. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). 2. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1. Satellite Imageries. Inc.
Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production. M.2nd Ed. threats to biodiversity.). Environmental aspects and impacts. Khan. hot spots of biodiversity. Environment and sustainable development. animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan. Michigan. Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles.This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits. B. Course Outlines Introduction. need and approach. Methods of environmental protection. American Society for Quality. Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor.3rd Edition . ecological. Systems and Support Techniques. and Qasim. M. principles of Cleaner production.. economic. A. types of biodiversity. Environmental Economy. 2005.C. social and ethical values of biodiversity. Conservation of biodiversity. philosophical. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). standards and guidelines. etc. 1998. 34 . alpha and beta diversity. Environmental Management Systems Principles. plant. eco-design. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS). 4. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. WWF Pakistan. Environmental Management tools. F. 2006. and Yoxon. Sheldon. threats to biodiversity and its conservation. American Society for Quality. 2001. COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. cleaner technologies. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management.. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. Certification of EMS. 3. 2. Related Environmental legislation.. International Organization for Standardization.
NOC for plant operation.R. air. Course Outlines Introduction. cities. presampling requirements/information. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring. Rawalpindi. 2ndEd.B. Conservation of wildlife. their categories. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i. Sinauer. conservation in man-made ecosystems.. conservation and livelihood. 1998. London.e. croplands. Considerations. conservation strategies. Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan. role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. Recommended Books: 1. Lab Work Sampling techniques (air.B. ecotourism. Saad Printers. Sunderland.. and Morre. community and ecosystem level. design and types of samples. Preservation methods including pH control. A Primer for Conservation Biology. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. 35 . Legal protection of species. in-situ and ex-situ conservation. laboratory custody. Lahore). role of traditional knowledge in conservation. 2000. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment. quality assessment. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan.. Quality assurance and quality control. Biogeography. EIA requirement. quality control sampling. P. forests. water. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring. P. international agreements. national and international laws and regulations. refrigeration and freezing methods. field custody. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. C. 2. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora.B. soil and living organisms. 3. Mirza. plants. Publ. management. Cox. population. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes. Z. Kings College.D. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing. habitats.conservation at species. sampling and design purposes. 2000. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. protected areas. chemical addition. Associates Inc. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan.
human health. 1992. and social factors contributing to climate and global change. biological. Burden. (eds. USA. and Guethner. 3. The Measurement of Climate Change. H. 2nd Edition. N. Air Pollution and Acid Rain. Regional droughts and 36 . regional. extinctions. 2008. 7. its causes and effects. Remote Sensing Note. S. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. Environmental Chemistry. 6.1996. chemical. L. Physical. Energy and Temperature. Human responses to potential climate change. phenological changes. Lewis Publisher London. Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change.. 8. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course. USA. R. Peakall. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. D. USA. Chuviero. (ed) Springer. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts. E. Japan Association on Remote Sensing. D. Precipitation. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide. 2002. COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change. . Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate. agriculture. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention. Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. 2. Recent Climate Change Indicators. 5. Chapman and Hall. Keith.. Manahan. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. altered community structure. McKlivie.USA. I. 2000. Korte. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect.1999. Forstner U. Moisture in the Atmosphere. F. 2002. E. Ozone depletion. Patterns in Winds and Pressure. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. UK. New York. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources.) McGraw-Hill.Recommended Books: 1. S. Earth Observation of Global Change. and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change. 2008. Murai. Tokyo.
Effects.. London. 3. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment. solids. R. Harrop. review of EIA quality.. Climate Change . social impact assessment (SIA). Sringer. Hardy. 2. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels. Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2). Climate Change . Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. Effects. reporting. 2004. COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project. Islamabad. scoping. 1986. Blackwell. Cost and benefits of EIA. principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society. Islamabad. Earthscan Publication Ltd. 4. 5.. Glasson.O. law. and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction. role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis. J.Causes. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan. 1994.. 37 . Keith. impact analysis. J. J.Causes. and Chadwick. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems.). Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. J. 1999. A.A. John Wiley & Sons. Hardy. decision-making to implement the project. 2005. J.. EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. Therivel. mitigation and impact management. (ed. and Solutions. & Nixon.T. 3.. Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems. Oxford.. overview. and noise. liquid. A. and Solutions. Ministry of Housing and Works. Types & Resources to produce Energy. public involvement. screening. Petts. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice. Recommended Books: 1.(ed). 2005. EIA project management. 2003. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. 2000. Global Warming and Climate Change. London. T. Main stages in EIA process. 2. Recommended Books: 1.cataclysmic climate change. 6. D. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts. project implementation and follow up. 1st Edition. 4. Routledge. National Book Foundation. Houghton. John Wiley & Sons. 2003. 2005. Global Change and the earth system.
EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual. Lohani. B. 6. COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification.. 1997. Watershed management: Importance basic principles.. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. forest types and its existing management. Goldsmith. existing management approaches. national example. requirement. wind power and nuclear power. management options. Types. threat and its causes. Recommended Books: 1. threats. wildlife census. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan. Evans. A.. 38 . Carpenter. national and provincial legislation. effective management. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. Sadler. methodologies. limitation in the future. 2nd Edition. management options. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. John Willey & Sons. Conservation in Progress. USA. H. Rangeland Management: existing status. best available option for future. R.B and Warren.. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources. & McCabe. Asian Development Bank. solar power.. S.). 2002. New York. 1993. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources. process and contents of the management plan. United Nations Environment Programme. their pros and cons. J. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia. agriculture products and their share in GDP. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. causes and methods for its improvement.. problem in agriculture. importance. Everitt. Ludwig. R.5. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level.. occurrence and distribution of natural resources. M. national agriculture policy. agriculture chemicals. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area. F. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy. (ed. B. and Tu. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level. their current status and threats. Development of Management Plan: needs.
Review of Literature. concepts and terminologies. Surveys. to introduce students to research design. Objectives. USA.1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study. J. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design. London. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods. Environmental Conservation. GOP and IUCN. 1990. Islamabad. Scientific Methods. Selecting the Research Method.E. Methodology. 3. research methods. R.A pre-requisite for Research. New York. Literature Search: Database. W. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. Search Engines. Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf. Dasmann. Experimental Research. Scientific Research: Science. Review of Literature.E. S. and Jorqensen. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice. P. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Sage CA. population and sampling frames. Hansen.2. Thousand Oaks. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. 2007. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem. Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data. types of sampling design/. John Wiley & Sons. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically. How to put things together? Introduction. 1992. Case Studies. Interviews. V. Inference based on findings. Research Proposal: its importance . 4.L.F. Material Methods. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. 39 . 1984. & Plano Clark.Amsterdam. Bibliography. Questionnaire.. Elsevier. Sampling: the logic of sampling. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1. Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison). 5. and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research. Creswell. Research Design & Research Methods.
Sage Publishers. 1989.2. 4. Students project in Environmental Science.. 2003. Robert Yin. England. USA. M. E. Writing Science Through Critical Thinking. 3rd Edition. Chichester. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan. and Arhonditsis. The Craft of Research by Wayne C. 2001.. 2000. Moriarty. 6. Government of Pakistan 3. Babbie. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act. G. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development.. 5. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules. Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation. of Chicago Press.Batty. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Recommended Books: 1. S. 2008. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance.. Booth. 2001 and the rules of business made there under. SNBP Local Government Ordinance. 1997. National Environmental Policy 4. John and sons Ltd. Diamon. Belmont California.USA. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 . Qadar. Marilyn F. 2nd Edition. 2. 1997. regulations made there under. Law Books House. USA. 2003. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans. National Conservation Strategy 5. Wadsworth Publishing Company.h. 3. Univ. Survey Research Methods.Harrad.S. R.
This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45
POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46
RESEARCH PROJECT/ INTERNSHIP
E-I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY
To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,
5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.
Indus Water Accord 1991. C. Groundwater Resources of Pakistan. Course Outlines Water resource and its management. Mirajuddin Publication . groundwater exploitation. tubewells. and Qamar. integrated water resources management (IWRM). water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan. water supply and demand management measures. The Politics of Managing Water. J. and Malik. watershed/catchment. precipitation distribution in Pakistan.. virtual water. O. 44 . N. 3.Varis. R. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry. it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects. P. Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT). Oxford University Press New Delhi.. Lahore.. flood and droughts. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment.K. 2003. R. Revised & enlarged edition. recycling and re-use of wastewater. with drinking water facilities like springs. Islamabad. pollution aspects. 2006. climate change and its impacts on our future water resources. wetlands resources management. Ahmed. 5.Lahore. Khan. (eds. 1993.E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan. Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. flood and drought management. Recommended Books: 1. Oxford University Press Karachi. hydrological cycle.1993. 6. Biswas. Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia.. 2006. SDPI Oxford University Press.). like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. Briscoe. (ed. 2. Asia Printer.. Pakistan. Ahmed. N.).. Bengali. K. 2005. water quality and quantity aspects. A. A. A. improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. Pakistan . U. I. Mirajuddin Publication . Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization. Islamabad. Cheema. Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant. and Tortajada.. fisheries management. 4. water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan.
Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils. soils. D. USA. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations.W. hydrological processes. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. Soil forming minerals. Definition. urban settlements. and Bantel.R. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. residential mobility and the neighborhood change. 2007. Forms of urbanization. Upper Saddle River. Factors and processes of soil formation. After completion of this course. Brady. transport. humans as components of urban ecosystems. urban patterns and ecosystem functions. urbanization in Pakistan. Soil degradation. Academic Press. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization. Islamabad. NJ. urban political ecology. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. Causes of urbanization. Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. Hillel. Pakistan.. 2008. 2007. 45 . National Book Foundation. urban landscapes characteristics. CA. R. Upper Saddle River. USA. 1996. Miller. the salient features of urban environments. Bashir. PrenticeHall.. management and green productivity.T. 11th Edition. Soil buffering capacity and its importance. Soils in Our Environment. Process and outcome. Course Outlines Introduction.E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. Gardiner. 1. Physical and chemical properties of soil. E. Urbanization. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. R. future of urban centers. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. R.C. D. N. Course Outlines Introduction. Prentice Hall. USA. Types and properties of parent materials. Soil Science. San Diego. urban flora and fauna. Urban ecosystem. Cation and anion exchange. and Weil. NJ.
UR. 4. M. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. M. 1989.and Maser. 2006. 2009. Types of Urban Plans. Recommended Books: 1. New York. Planning and Urban Change. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems. Smith.and Kowaril. Land use planning theories. USA. UK.. 5. 2004. Chapman and Hall. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level.. Alberti. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation. 2. UK. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. 2000. S.. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans. Hough. I.. Elements of urban planning. Levels of planning. Hague. S. D. Hejny.L. E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. The Works: Anatomy of a City. nature and purpose of urban planning. New trends in planning and city management. The planning process. J. London. 2004.1990. Gilbert. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area. Routledge. SAGE Publications Ltd.. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability. Planning theories and concepts. Justification for planning for city management. Aims and Objectives of planning. nd 2 Edition. USA. Silberstein. Ward.Recommended Books: Urban Ecology. A. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. 46 . City Design for Sustainable Development. The Ecology of Urban Habitats. Kate. London. Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments. UK. 3. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. Penguin Group. 1. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city. Routledge. Scope. Springer. C. 2. Principles of planning. H. Planning and its relationship with other professions. O. 2007. V. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development.S. Sukopp. SBS academic publishing. CRC Press LLC.
The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters. It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization. Islamabad. UK. 1993. Paris. Government of Pakistan. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development. International phenomenon.UNESCO.. and Woodrow.. 1989.e. Cultural factors. Kates. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies. Recommended Books: 1.F. 47 . Flooding. Longman Group. Manila. The Guilford Press. and White G.. Disaster as an opportunity for development. 2nd Edition. 1991. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies. Landslide. D. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum. Socio-economic factors. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made.W. It discusses a wide range of aspects. R. 4. Physical factors. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies. Earthquake. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms.. 1986. Political factors. Prediction. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). Boulder . New York.. 2.J. ADB. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. Introducing Town Planning. Natural Disasters Alexander. Clara. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research. 4.B. Chapman & Hall.W. Flood Management: Organizational Role. Westview Press. 3.. Ministry of Housing and Works. P. E&UA Div. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. Earthquake Management. New York. M. Disaster Management Trainings and Policies. Disaster Management: Components of management. 1993. Techniques and methods to assess hazard. The Environment as Hazard Burton I.. Natural cycles and their role.3. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors. Role of Media in Disaster Management. 1993. Hazards. Different approaches and Indicators. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches. i. H.. G.
Quorum Books. McKinney. E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life. Biotic structure. 2007. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. 1984. Paris. USA. alternate energy resources. M. 2001. Farming practices for pests and weeds control. Consumer and producer relationship. D. Phytoremediation and bioremediation. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources. 48 . environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources.H. sustainable energy management. biomass resources. Botkin.C.L. L. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. uses. 3. decomposers. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals.. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.A. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. 2007. Agroecology. 1983. John Wiley and Sons. Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem. merits and demerits of wind. consumers. 4th Edition. F. Course Outlines Energy-development and environment..5. energy resources of Pakistan. primary producers. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation.. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. Ecological concept in crop and food production. 1. Disasters and Development Cuny. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. types. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America.W. New York.B and Keller.M. Westport. 6th Edition. 2. Perry R. Schoch. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem. R. Sustainable livestock management. 6. energy resources. Deforestation for agricultural purposes. hydropower. and Yonavjak. local. solar. E. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers. and Mushkatel. A. OECD/IEA.
Altreri. 1990. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity. India.Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram. Westview Press. 3. Study of index of diversity. 2000. New York. Boulder.R.Determination of density and abundance of plant species. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species.P. and Rossel. New Delhi. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture. USA.H. McGraw Hill Publishing Company. 1995. Corol. Kapur. R. P. Agrocology. Recommended Books: 1. and Sudha. 2.. Yandermeer J. C. USA. CBS Publishers and Distributors. Study of stratification and profile diagram. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species.G. M. Experimental Plant Ecology. E-11 Seminar 49 .A.M.
it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor. the Committee agreed on the following principles. that: 1. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science. 5. The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization. 3. 50 . The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines. The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science. 4. 2. availability of the faculty and other facilities.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme. The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”.
11. The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. 13. 6.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1. 15. 5. 21. 5. 10. 20. 3. 23. 4. 12. 7. 2. 7. 8. 19. 12. 8. Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. 18. 26. 16. 24. 2. 3. 17. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. 9. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 . 11. 22. 14. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. 6. 9. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 10. 4. 25.
1994. Conventions and Protocols in Global. London. status of Terrestrial. Recommended Books: 1. technology and resource use. Environmental control Policies. Islamabad. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan. WCS. Hansen. 52 . Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall. 3. S. COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management. Ball. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling. Geography of Pakistan. Oxford University Press. Regional and International Environmental Issues. 4. Karachi. Elsevier..1995. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan.E. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space. Oxford University Press. NCS.T. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Money. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. Relationship of culture. Instruments and methods.A.. Amsterdam. 2. Environment People and Economy. Hodder and Stoughton. Mackenzie.. 1991.1994. Conservation Strategies. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment. S. 3. 1987. 1992. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences. 2. Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management.F. GOP and IUCN... Treaties. P.DETAILS OF M. D. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. Provincial and Local Strategies. FURTHER READINGS 1. and Bell. Mackenzie J. London Black Stone Press Ltd. 2nd Edition. F. S.1991. Draft National Environmental Policy. and Jorqensen. development of concepts.S.E. Carrying capacity and sustainable development. Khan K.
F & Bronstein. Air and Solid Waste. Assessment of environmental impacts. Environmental Chemical Analysis. Greenberg (American Public Health Association). sample collection and preservation. 2. Recommended Books: 1. 1993. Longman Scientific and Technical. Burnt Hill. Principles of physical. John Wiley & Sons. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. DC. Gas Chromatography etc.A. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. Environmental auditing. social impact assessment. Ed. 1995. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. A one Publishers Lahore. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements.COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction. opportunities and issues. FURTHER READINGS 1. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). economic impact assessment. Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment.. Ministry of Environment. D. Demographic impact assessment. C. Harlow Essex. Wood. 3. WB. Longman House. Recommended Books: 1. ecological impact assessment. Environmental and Social Impact assessment. UK. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). Ahmed. Washington. Chichester. Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. 53 . Environment Department. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery. England. History. 2. Sectoral guidelines for EIA. COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. World Bank. K. Wastewater. ed. sampling rules. Case Studies and review. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. Cost benefit analysis of projects. Government of Pakistan. role and importance. 1995. process.Vanclay. A. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants. procedures and methods of EIA.
inputs. activities. 2002. COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems. 4. Caeneross.. T. Basic Environmental Health. John Wiley and Sons. safety techniques. air borne. USA. Project Management: A Managerial Approach. communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne. Project Initiation.. 1st Ed. Yassi. 1993. Kjelllström. Project Planning. T. 1992. Park. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. Mantel s. T. London. feasibility study. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic. Recommended Books: 1. Project Life Cycle. Environmental Health Engineering. Need identification. 5. assumptions. 3. A Guide to Project Management. Ergonomic and Safety. J. A. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. R. outputs. USA. development objectives.. L. Meredith J. T. Public health concept. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). specific objectives. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). Van Nostrand and Reinhold. Primary health care services.. work breakdown structure. Prentice Hall International Inc. 54 . Government Policies and Programs.COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project. UK. S. indicators. Lippmann. economic evaluation. B. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. 1st ed. Occupational Health: problems and issues. MS Project Recommended Books: 1. and Wright. Defining Project objectives. Project Management Institute.. Resource Mobilization.. de Kok. 1998. food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. 2.. Inc. Nebel. Wiley Interscience. Project Planning and Approval Processes. Accident prevention and safety plans. 2001. K. prevention and control. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine.. 2nd Ed. Reasons for Project success or failure. New York. Oxford University Press New York.. R. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. Writing Project Proposal.2000. means of verification. principles and practices. 1st Ed. 2. J. M/S Banarsid. M. and Guidotti. Planning Commission Performas. 1997.
solar. 1990b. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. USA. D. ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family.A. industry and domestic sectors. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). 2007. hydropower. Principles of cleaner production. principles and elements of the process of EMS. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. gas. 4th Edition. types. merits and demerits of wind. 2. 6th Edition. Recommended Books: 1. M. energy resources of Pakistan. McKinney. 3.B and Keller. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.. John Wiley and Sons. transport. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor. Switzerland. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. Schoch. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. sustainable energy management for agriculture. petroleum.COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. Sources of data. Paris. St Luise Press. R. Botkin. L. 55 . Sayre. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal. and Yonavjak. Related Environmental regulations. Michigan-January 2001. Paris. 2. 1998. OECD/IEA. non-renewable and renewable. Recommended Books: 1. ISO Central Secretariat.M. 2001. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. data collection and interpretation. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). alternate energy resources. Environmental auditing. 2007. D. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management. energy resources. Environmental Auditing.L. uses. Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. 3. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms. nuclear) local. bio-energy resources. E. 4.
Hardy. E. global aspects of plant ecology. John Wiley & Sons. plant conservation. ECOPE 29. 4. types of climate change models.). Oxford UK. and Solutions. D. Modeling of climate change.. (Ed. 3. vegetation dynamics. The Green House Effect. 1. Green House Gases. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. forests. 2005. D. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. 1st Edition. 3. etc. Plant population dynamics. Climate Change and Ecosystems. J. 56 . John Wiley & Sons.COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. 2003. Springer. Warrick. Chichester. 5. 2004.. human activities and vegetation dynamics. & Charlesworth. John Wiley & Sons. plant invasions. Recommended Books: 1. Effects. London.Causes. Shulze. Climate change and food production. water resources. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. 2. Vegetation Ecology Ed.Causes. Plant Ecology. ED. Blackwell Publishing. 2. Recommended Books: 1. UK.D. J. 2005. B & Jager. geographical and temporal patterns. types and their climatic effects. Climate Change . Silvertown. J. Berlin.T. Blackwell Publishing. Houghton. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. management and restoration. 2005. COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. Earthscan Publication Ltd. 2005. 2003. survival and extinction. Introduction to Plant Population Biology. and Solutions. K. Beck. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics. E & Muller-Hohenstein. Oxford. Species richness. UK 1991. Life history strategies of plants. Climate Change . T. Maarel. climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. resources and plants. competition and coexistence. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Effects. Hardy.
& Spicer. Wildlife Ecology and Management. 2002.A. 1998. John Wiley And Sons. Conserving Living Natural Resources. their ecological and economic importance. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. W. biological diversity. their importance. Protected areas in Pakistan. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity. Participatory forest management. Roberts. 2. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan. T. types. & Ripley. Robinson. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation. Mcmillan. kinds. Establishment and management of protected areas. their types and role in conservation. Consumptive. Essentials of Conservation Biology.) Gaston. deforestation and its control.COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction. 4. K. UK. Principles of Wildlife Management.L. I). 2004. Protection and restoration of species.(2nd Ed.J. Recommended Books: 1. threats and conservation. problems and solutions. 3. Sinauer Assocaites. 1973 2. Protected areas. habitats and ecosystems. Forests. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali. Biodiversity: An introduction. Bailey. Recommended Books: 1. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. management. distribution. S. Wildlife of Pakistan. Global and national biodiversity. Oxford. Oxford. Cambridge. Oxford University Press. 57 .G. II). 1986. Oxford. UK. Status of forests in Pakistan.J. T. Oxford University Press. status. FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. COURSE 11 WILDLIFE.B. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management. Primack. Sustainable forest management. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. S. Blackwell Publsihing. Forest plantations. 5. 2002.J. E. Cambridge University Press. Oxford University Press. types. Wetlands. Publishers Sunderland.D. distribution and management. distribution. its causes. Roberts. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. Weddell. J. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity. Threatened animals and plants. Loss of biodiversity. Extinction of species. And Bolen. 3. Rangeland management. Cambridge.J. 1984. USA. B. J. 1992. Inc. R. London.
Ministry of Housing and Works. 2007. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. Ward. 58 ..COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction. urbanization in Pakistan. A. H. management of transport. Introducing Town Planning. urban systems and their characteristics. G. 1986. Penguin Group. 3. Silberstein. USA. SAGE Publications Ltd. Forms of urbanization. urban landscape characteristics. C.and Maser. E&UA Div. USA. Kate. Recommended Books: 1. sanitation. urban political ecology. Environmental problems of urban life. CRC Press LLC. London. Government of Pakistan. drinking water and solid waste in cities. Longman Group. future of urban centers.. 2000. Islamabad.. V. UK. 1993. The Works: Anatomy of a City. New York. 2.. Planning and Urban Change. 4. Clara. 2004. J. Urban land use planning and management. Urban planning and management in Pakistan. UK. Sustainable cities. S. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages.
ISBN 0194313492 59 . 1997. Thomson and A. Oxford University Press. Exercises 1.A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking.V.J. Martinet.Annexure . active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1. Practical English Grammar by A. a) Functional English Grammar 1. Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. Third edition.
Fourth Impression 1993. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Upper Intermediate. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. Oxford University Press. Oxford Supplementary Skills. and speed reading. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Thomson and A. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. Martinet. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 .J. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Exercises 2. b) Practical English Grammar by A. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. Third edition.V.2. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. Reading. Third Impression 1992. 1997. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. intensive and extensive. Reading/Comprehension 1. Writing. minutes of meetings.
Third Impression 1992. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. b) Writing 1. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Third edition. c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive.J. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Third Impression 1991. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Advanced. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. clarity. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. language. 2. 2. introduction to presentations. content. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. Advanced by Ron White. descriptive and argumentative writing). Oxford University Press 1986. Fourth Impression 1993. form. narrative. Practical English Grammar by A. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. Fourth Impression 1992. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Reading 1.1. discursive. Exercises 2. Martinet. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. Reading. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Writing. Writing. Thomson and A. Writing. Oxford Supplementary Skills. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 .V.
argumentative and report writing). descriptive. Compiled by norther Illinois University. Kirszner and Stephen R. Martin’s Press. 2004. Mandell.(particularly suitable for discursive. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. 2. College Writing Skills by John Langan. Kathleen Shine Cain. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. St. 3. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. 62 . without taxing the taste of engineering students). A Custom Publication. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton.
Society and social structure c. 1947-58 b. Zaidi. b. Contemporary Pakistan a. . politics. Lahore. 2. 1999 onward 3. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. 1971-77 d. Karachi: Oxford University Press. government. Akbar.B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective.Annexure . contemporary Pakistan. Mehmood. national development. 2000. State & Society in Pakistan. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. 1994. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. Historical Perspective a. Shahid Javed. 2. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. Study the process of governance. 3. Course Outline 1. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki.M. 4. Muslim advent iii. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. ideological background of Pakistan. 1988-99 f. People and Land i. 1993. Location and geo-physical features. Indus Civilization ii. Economic institutions and issues b. S. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. 1977-88 e. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. Ethnicity d. 1958-71 c. Safdar. S. 63 Books Recommended 1. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy.
1972. Afzal. Karachi: Royal Book Company. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. II & III. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia. Institute of Public Policy Research. Lahore: Vanguard. Tahir. Political Parties in Pakistan. Khalid Bin. Mehmood.National Movement in Pakistan. 1980. 1987. History & Culture of Sindh. Noor ul. 10. Lawrence. 12. Vol. Ansar. Haq. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. 11. 1980. Amin.K.5. Sayeed. Ethno . Islamabad. Zahid. M. K. Pakistan Under Martial Law. 7. The Political System of Pakistan. Pakistan Kayyun Toota.The Emergence of Banglades. Enigma of Political Development. 9. 1993. I. Party. Aziz. 1998. Safdar. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Politics in Pakistan. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Rafique. nd. Ziring.. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. 13. 1967. Club Road. Wilcox. 6. Washington: American Enterprise. 8. 14. 1976. Muhammad Waseem. Wayne. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. 64 . Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd.
W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 .57.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.56.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.A.20) Related to thinking.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.Tadabar (Verse No1.58.Annexure .19.21.C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.A.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.6.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18. 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.A.40. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.
3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt. in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .
Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. Ahmad Hasan. “Emergence of Islam” .” Hussain Hamid Hassan. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University.3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. International Islamic University. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. IRI. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. Islamabad (2001) 67 .S. “Studies in Islamic Law. Pakistan. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. Bhatia. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad.
COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. types of functions. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. trigonometric identities. 1987. types. geometric progression. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. determinants. Wooton W. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system.D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. Boston 68 . with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. not majoring in mathematics. complex numbers. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. PWS-Kent Company. system of linear equations. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. equations reducible to quadratic equations. cube roots of unity. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. 1986. harmonic progression. set operations. functions. Houghton & Mifflin. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. matrix inverse. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. College Algebra and Trigonometry. Beckenback EF. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. Sharron S. 1978. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. PWS-Kent Company. Boston Swokowski EW. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students.Annexure . introduction to sets. Cramer’s rule. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition).
Calculus (3rd edition). slope of a line. not majoring in mathematics. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. Davis S. integration by substitution. derivatives. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. rational and transcendental functions. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. Ma. 69 . 2005. USA 3. Boston Thomas GB. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. left-hand and right-hand limits.2. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. 1983. Reading. functions and their graphs. 2005. continuous functions. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). various forms of equation of a line. Addison-Wesley. Finney AR. Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. distance between a point and a line. Recommended Books: Anton H. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Calculus (11th edition). New York Stewart J. differentiation of polynomial. Bevens I. inequalities. angle between two lines. 1995. John Wiley. distance between two points. parallel and perpendicular lines. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. not majoring in mathematics. integration by parts. continuity. solution of equations involving absolute values. PWS-Kent Company. equation of a line. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. change of variables in indefinite integrals. intersection of two lines.
1969 Kaufmann JE. 1986. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. Boston 4. circles determined by various conditions. set operations. College Algebra and Trigonometry. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. Conic Sections: Parabola. 1987. Introduction to sets. system of linear equations. : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. inverse of matrices. nature of roots of quadratic equations. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. ellipse. Scott. intersection of lines and circles. equations reducible to quadratic equations. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Analytic Geometry. Freshman and Company. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. types of matrices. determinants. locus of a point in various conditions.Circle: Equation of a circle. • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Cramer’s rule. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. hyperbola. PWS-Kent Company. types of functions. : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. 70 . Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. • Contents 1. functions. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). PWS-Kent Company. Boston Swokowski EW.
standard deviation.. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. variance. Prentice Hall. Kaufmann. 71 . Graphs: Graph of straight line. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. Latest Edition. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. Boston. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. relationship of statistics with social science. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. characteristics of statistics. E. Latest Edition. individual. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. moments. tally sheet method. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. W.geometric and harmonic progressions. E. array. E. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. cumulative frequency curve. R.. Swokowski. Measures of dispersion: Range. 2. Books Recommended: 1. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations.. 2. bar frequency diagram histogram. ungrouped and grouped data. discrete and continuous series. 5. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. R. J. 4. circle and trigonometric functions. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry.. types of frequency series. Wilcox. PWS-Kent Company. deciles and percentiles. Latest Edition. 3. Walpole. skewness and kurtosis. R. trigonometric identities. frequency polygon. quartiles. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem.
Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. Hughes-Hallett. logarithmic differentiation. Mathews. Least-Squares Line. 2. quotients. applications of integration. infinite and improper integrals. Davis. Calculus. the inverse of differentiation. Slope of a Line. S. 2005. Inequalities. reduction formulae.Jr. Inc. 6. Trigonometric Functions. Calculus. 3rd Edition. theorems of differentiation. integration by inspection. Second Edition 1992. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. Boston. 8th edition. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. 5. 4th edition. integration using partial fractions. Gleason. 1983. integration by parts. W. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. implicit differentiation. 4. Equation of a Line. H. E. 6. Continuity. Continuous Functions. et al. Integration by Parts. McCallum. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. I. Swokowski. substitution method. sinusoidal function. Contents 1. and Transcendental Functions. Thomas. Leibnitz’ theorem.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. 1999. Inc. Jhon Willey & Sons. Schaum’s Outline Series. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. Rational and Transcendental Functions. Calculus Single and Multivariable. 2002. Solution of equations involving absolute values. Rational Functions. special points of a function. Recommended Books: 1. 2. 11th Edition. Elliott Mendelson. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus. 3. Prentice-Hall. integral inequalities. Extreme Values of Functions. Frank A. John H. • Integration Integration from first principles. products. plane polar coordinates. Addison Wesley publishing company. 2005. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. the chain rule. logarithmic integration. Calculus. Anton. John Wiley & Sons. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . Bevens.
geometric series. division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. inverses of hyperbolic functions. alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. series involving natural numbers. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. solving hyperbolic equations. multiplication. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4. complex conjugate. identities of hyperbolic functions. finding the nth roots of unity. arithmetico-geometric series.Additions and subtraction. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 . hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. modulus and argument. the difference method. approximation errors in Taylor series. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem.
the inner product. vector product. Pappus’ theorems.5. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7. orthogonal. masses. moments of inertia. of a unitary matrix. of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 . unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. 6. line to line. symmetric and antisymmetric. centers of mass and centroids. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. Hermitian. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. point to plane. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. scalar triple product.
curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. divergence of a vector field. Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. combinations of grad.8. div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. spherical polar coordinates 75 .
Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Exercises. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. Empirical Relation between Mean. properties of Good Average. The Mode. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Moments and Moments ratios. Exercises. The semi-Interquartile Range. The Variance and standard deviation.Annexure . Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Sources. Data. bias. Presentation of Data Introduction. Poisson and Normal Distribution. Stem and Leaf Display. definition of outliers and their detection. 76 . sampling with and without replacement. probability and non-probability sampling. acceptance and rejection regions. Unit 3. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. Discrete and continuous variables. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Probability and Probability Distributions. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Collection of primary and secondary data. Unit 7. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. sampling and non sampling errors. Different types of Averages. Type-I and Type-II errors. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Range. sample design and sampling frame. Change of origin and scale. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Errors of measurement. Unit 2. Rounding of a Number. Absolute and relative measures. Test statistics. The Mean Deviation. Exercises. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Bar charts. level of significance. Exercises. Ogive for Discrete Variable. Statistical problem. Population. Diagrams. Types of frequency curves. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Unit 4. Historigram. Standardized variables. Coefficient of variation. Exercises. null and alternative hypothesis. Difference of means and proportions. Exercises Unit 6. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Observations. Median and mode. Histogram. Editing of Data. Significant digits. Graphs and their Construction. Pie chart. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Exercises. Unit 5. Box and Whisker Plot. Quantiles.
Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. Regression and Correlation Introduction. Exercises.Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction.Single Population Introduction. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. its estimation and interpretation. Contingency Tables. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. Correlation. Testing of Hypothesis. cause and effect relationships. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies.Unit 8. “Introduction to Statistics”. R. 1982. 2005. Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole. Inc.. 3rd Ed. Kitab Markaz. Exercises Unit 9. Coefficient of linear correlation. 2 Muhammad. Exercises Unit 10.. F. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. 77 . examples. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. Unit 11. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. simple linear regression. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. New York. E. Macmillan Publishing Co. r and R2.
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