CURRICULUM OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
For BS MS
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………
6 12 14 50 51
imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge.
PROF. Lahore. The world has turned into a global village. degree awarding institutions. R&D organizations. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. SHAIKH
Member Academics August 2009
.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses. and 36. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. It also aimed to give a basic. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees.). broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education.PREFACE
Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. therefore. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. respective accreditation councils and stake holders. the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards. 2009 at the HEC Regional Center. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee. universities and other institutions of higher education. DR. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments.ALTAF ALI G. dated December 4th 1976. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. the Federal Government vide notification No. It is. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. 63. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. D773/76-JEA (cur. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976.
NCRC. UNDER CONSIDERATION
CURRI. LI R&D HEC Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission
ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. OF CURRI.
FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC
COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI. UNI. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. OF FINAL CURRI. COL. IN DRAFT STAGE
COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. HEC
BACK TO STAGE-I
CONS. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS
APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP
PREP. OF NCRC. OF DRAFT BY NCRC
STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV
3. Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener
2. Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall. Dr. Rawalpindi Dr. Karachi from 28-30. Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr. Dr.
. Following attended the meeting:1.Introduction
The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head.
7. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University.
Dr. Lahore Member
6. Rawalpindi Dr. April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline.
5. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean.
Prof. Karachi Member
12. Basir Ahmad Arain Professor.
10.8. Dr. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi.
Prof. Dr. Dr.
Dr. Dr. Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore
13. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr. Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore.
. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi.
Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr. Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr.
. Mr. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society. 1. Karachi. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. 2. At first. Mr. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting.
20. Director of HEC Regional Center.
Dr. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement.
19. The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. Shafiq-ur-Rehman. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. Dr. Islamabad coordinated the meeting. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. Faisalabad
18. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them.17.
Dr. The meeting was opened by Mr. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards. Chairman.
The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. 6.3. Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities.
The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop.
1. In last few centuries. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. 4.
The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world.
Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge.
The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues
. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity.
These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses.
3. The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. 5. The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. The committee thanked Mr. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment.
2. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment.
The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. in its preliminary meeting. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable
development. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility. Apply theoretical understanding.
The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i.
Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems.
5. professional judgment and skills in
mitigation of environmental problems
iii. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative
structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management
5. Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the
. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge
iv. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences.
ii. regional and global contexts. skills and behaviour patterns. and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. This committee.
The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration. pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme. assessment and evaluation will be English
for degree programmes in Environmental Science. Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature.
Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee. 2. The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be
comprehensive in their coverage of the contents
2. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. 1.
5. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3. 6. Sc. The
. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft.
UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME
BS Environmental Science
Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles. that:
1. with consensus.e.
A. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental
Science. Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in
the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment. eight semesters in the semester system. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level. skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes.. The medium of instruction. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals. 4.
3. Integrating natural sciences.
Biology –I* 3. Introduction to Earth Science 8. Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0)
Semester – 4
19. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. Fundamentals of Ecology 20. Sociology/Anthropology* 11. Introduction to Computer 14. English-I 6. Introduction to Environmental Science 2. Environmental Pollution 22. Psychology*
. Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17
SECOND YEAR Semester – 3
13. Environmental Physics 16. Basic Chemistry* 4. Introductory Economics* 17. Biology –II* 9.
SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR
Course Titles Semester – 1
1. Environmental Microbiology 21.proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. Climatology* 23. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours
3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17
Semester – 2
7. The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order. English-III 18. Environmental Chemistry 15. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5. English-II 12.
Climate Change 38. Opt. Environmental toxicology 27. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. Environmental Economics 29. Applied Ecology 26. Natural Resource Management 40. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30. ELECTIVE-III 42. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28. Total Credit Hours
3 (3-0) 18
THIRD YEAR Semester – 5
25. Environmental Monitoring 36. Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136
Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours
. 45. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19
Semester – 6
31. Environmental Management Systems 34. 44.24. ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours
FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7
37. Environmental Impact Assessment 39. 46. English-IV/ Univ. Biodiversity & Conservation 35. Environmental Biotechnology 32. ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18
Semester – 8
43. Research Methods in Environmental Science 41.
• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical. • Universities can choose from the list provided under general category
ecological. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society.T. proteins and nucleic acids. D. B. biological and social.DETAILS OF COURSES
FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0)
To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline.. Environmental Science: working with the Earth. 2. 2002. socio-economic.A. development in industry and agriculture. Environmental Science: systems and solutions. current global. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet.L. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.
. L. & Nebel. its importance in human life. philosophical.
Introduction: basic concepts. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment. McKinney. 10th Ed.I
The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life. regional. E. & Yonavjak. 2007. Miller. national. Different aspects of environment: physical.J. 2007 3. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future. The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms. urbanization. COURSE 2
1.. John Wiley & Sons. Thomson Learning. R. Botkin. poverty and resource depletion.M. Human environment and its problems: global. 4. M. history. Major components of environment: physico-chemical. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development. Schoch. 2007. ethical. R. Wright. environmental pollution. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates. Pearson Educational.B & Keller. lipids. and their relationships with various environmental factors. 4th Ed. 6th Ed. G.
Chemical Bonding. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. R. 5th Edetion. USA. Origin of life: chemical evolution. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt.. and Whitelaw. Introduction to cell biology. carbonyls. 2003. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. New York. lipids.
1. Wadsworth Group. 3. 8th Ed. Nucleic acids. Shier. Study of mitosis in onion root tip. esters.Hill International Edition. Self Assessment and Revie. the molecule of genetic information and replication. N. chemical diversity. USA. A.
. Ionic. amines). Cassimeris. E. 2. protobionts. and Lewis. Lingappa. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin. 4. McGraw. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals. B. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. origin of metabolism. lipids. Crossley. G. Aromatic compounds. 2007. Plopper. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning. Ltd.Course Outlines
Introduction: Definition and concept of life. Lewis.. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology. D. Molecular Biology through Questions. USA.. L. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. 2007. 1996. C. V. carbohydrates.
The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions. Bulter. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations. 2008. Starr. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa. coordinate covalent bond.
Biology’ Campbell. polypeptides in protein diversity.. Cell division. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus. Australia . J. chemical basis of life. The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. Structure and the basis of function. carboxylic acids. phospholipids in membrane systems. Canada. The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. Biology: a Human Emphasis. M. Cells. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. R. proteins.. covalent. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods.
increment in variable and distance between two points in plane. coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane. Solution chemistry. COURSE 4
The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences. Harris. D. 3.C. concepts of six basic trigonometric functions. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations). EC and TDS in waste water. Brimblecombe. Use of spectrophotometric techniques. Measurement of pH. 8th Edition. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. 4. Understanding Environmental Pollution. Sequence and series: Arithmetic. real line. Jones and
Barlett. M. 5. USA.J.M.H.
. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. Photochemical reactions. minor and cofactor of a matrix. equations of lines (linear equations). expansion of determinants.S. Surface chemistry. 1st Ed. radicals.. normal solutions/buffers. Thomson and Brooks.Special Products (Binomial Expression). angle-sum formula. W. UK..D. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional). 2004.J. Lab Work Preparation of molar. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. Skoog. 2004.. J. Andrews. 2nd Edition. values of trigonometric functions. 6th Edition. geometric and harmonic sequence. UK.ions. 2nd Edition. Girard. J. Algebra of matrices. Liss. double angle formulas.A. 2004. T. Osmosis and Dialysis. 2005.E... D.E. molal. Jickells. P.
1. F. West. Binomial theorem (Simple applications). determinants. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry.. and Reid. Colloids chemistry. Blackwell Science. USA. Matrices and Determinants: Matrix. 2003. graphs. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula. Thin layer chromatography.. 2. B. Hill.. Column chromatography. Canada. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. Freeman and Company. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. P. law of Cosines. series and means. Cambridge University Press. straight line and related concepts. simultaneous equations and their solutions.. D. Arithmetic and Trigonometry
Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers. and Holler. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra.K. Qualitative Chemical Analysis.
theorem of integration.
1. Introduction to sedimentary. weathering and erosion. This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation. 3. composition and its internal structure. Scott Foresman and Company. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions.. 4.Cramer’s Rule.
.B. Earth as a member of solar system. Introduction to folds. 2. the processes of their formation. erosion and related landforms. mountain building. cleavages. lineation and unconformities. age. nonrepeated linear factors. Smith. Integration: Formulas of integration. Addission. Narosa Publishing House. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. 4th Ed. J. earthquakes and volcanoes. 10th Ed. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. Abraham. different earth processes like mountain buildings. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. plate tectonics. joints. K. S. New Delhi.A
Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure . difference. by parts integration (simple applications). California. product and quotient rules without derivations). Thomas. 1999. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. Chatterjee. L.B SEMESTER 2
INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives
This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. Pacific Grove. COURSE 5
English-I (Functional English) Annexure . G. Jr. igneous and metamorphic rocks.
Introduction and scope of geology and geography. irreducible quadratic factors. faults. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors. theorems on differentiation (sum. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. earthquakes. foliation. its origin. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension. Trignometry for College students. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations.
R. Fossils and their significance. Chain rule. Weathering.. Introduction to rocks and minerals. and Finney. Analytical Geometry. D.Wesley.
Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis. Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life. 9th Edition.. crucial for organisms’ sustainability. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water. Prentice Hall. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species. Prentice Hall: 2006. invasion of life on land. Biodiversity of deserts. Park. Tarbuck. Geological time chart with biodiversity. and Monroe. Darwinism. multicellularity.
. 4. 11th Edition. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. E. R. J. G.. examples of adjustments in varied environment.. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat. Field Study tour. Biodiversity of canal. causes of extinction. R..II
This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution. Physical Geology and Process of Science. 5. and Tasa. Routledge.. modern concepts. D. measuring biodiversity.. and Tasa. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms. Prentice Hall. 2007 2. unicellularity. G.
K. Geographical aspects of biodiversity. F. 2007 3. Lutgens. 2005. How Does Earth Work. molecular basis of biodiversity. E. animals). Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants. Foundations of Structural Biology. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories.Identification of rocks and minerals. K. Lutgens. Smith. consequences of losing biodiversity. Use of brunton compass and GPS. A. Wicander. Biodiversity of hilly areas.. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity. D. J. Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology. Life in sea.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps... protocell formation. population loss and decline. Earth Science. J.
Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. 2004. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation.
1. biodiversity crises. different classification systems. 3rd Edition. 5th Edition. and Pun. Tarbuck. F. Brooks/Cole. Lamarckism. interactions among diversified life. COURSE 8
E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY
Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems.
2. K. J. C. Conceptualizing environment. 2009. Gaston. C. Allan & Carter. Starr. USA. 2000. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions. IL:WavelandPress.
2009. Biodiversity (An Introduction). Scope and application. Routledge. 2001. Prospect Heights. Culture. Hannen. R. culture and society. globalization and environmental issues. and concerns. Inc. K. Chronological.
Annexure . UK. Tripartite nature of environment. Use of environment for vested interest.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies)
1. and Sustainable Living.
The Biosphere. Environmental Risks and the Media. power & hegemony. Crumley. Consumption. 2006. and Spicer.
. 3 (3-0)
Relationship between environment. 3. UK.
1. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies.. 4. J. Nora and Wilk. (editors). CA: AltaMira Press. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. Understanding the environment-human relationship. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. Biology. I. 3. Walnut Creek. 2nd Edition. Goals and expectations. 5th Edition. P. I.K. a Human Emphasis. L. Perspective of human-environment evolution. (editor). 2003. Inc. Townsend. UK. Contemporary environment issues and debate. New York: New York University Press. New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. 2005. Blackwell Science Ltd. 2. Bradbury. Contemporary environmental status. The Ecology of global consumer culture. Adam. Wadsworth Group. John Wiley and Sons..
Ms-Power Point.BPB publication
This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment. 6. Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures.6th Ed. Courter.1999. Types and classification of computers. Long N. After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry.
1. Local Area Network. system software.. 2003. Fundamentals of computer. Introduction to MS-Word. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere. computer programs and basic applications..C SEMESTER 3
INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER
This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered.Microsoft office 2000. Ms-Access. physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry. COURSE 11
English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure . Long l.H. Hardware: Input Hardware. Configurations. e-mail. Operating system (Windows). Milton. internet. as are their effects on the biosphere. output hardware.
Definition. K. Kluwer Academic Publishers. processing hardware.A
ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure . Storage hardware. Ms-Excel.5. Marquis A. Selin.
. Ed. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion. 2. Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse. Software: Application software.London 1996. G. software packages. Rutledge.
1. 3. Thomson-Brooks. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. K. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts. and Singh.. Radioactivity and nuclear physics. Energy conversion. COURSE 15
The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter.
Introduction to environmental physics. J. M. J. 2008. its causes and adverse effects on environment.. Gaussian plumes in the air. Andrews. Measurement and comparison of the
. 1999. Electromagnetic radiation. their sources and toxic actions.. Turbulent jets and plumes. Entropy.D. Jones and Barlett. P. atmospheric and soil chemistry. Basic acoustics. Principles of Environmental Chemistry.E. Miller... 4. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems. Conversion of mass.. Global climate and climatic change. Nuclear energy. Fate of pollutants in environment. Human perceptions and noise criteria. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light. Turbulent diffusion. Blackwell Science. Turbulence. Liquids and Gasses. Chemical reactions. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer. T. Samir. 2. Jickells. Diffusion. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light.G. Environmental Science. Solar spectrum.. A.. Transport of pollutants. photosynthesis. 2004. Ozone and UV light. 1st Edition.Course Outlines
Concept and scope of environmental chemistry. Fundamentals of aquatic. Brimblecombe. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants. Heat radiation and heat transfer. trophic level. Environmental Chemistry. Environmental impact of various industries. Ibanez. C. P. Active control of sound.S.. G. M. 2004. 5. Springer. USA.J.. Germany. Reducing the transmission of sound. India. Girard. and Reid. Ozone chemistry. B. DoriaSerrano. 2nd Edition. Liss. J. Energy. Solids. Environmental Chemistry. interaction of light with matter. 2005. Isotopes and radioactive decay. UK. Sound and Noise.E. Equations of fluid dynamics. Canada. Hernandez-Esparza.. Particle physics. Fregoso-Infante.T.M. Banerji Prentice Hall of India.
J. Economic Development. Producer behavior. Physics of the Environment and Climate. and Resource allocation. Routledge.Economic development. Measures for sustainable development. Seinfeld. and Pandis. Guyot.. Pakistan economic context: National income. economic growth. Yusuf. and Van Grondelle. John Wiley and Sons Inc.1998.
. 3. Environmental Physics. H.
1. poverty. R. Man environmental relationship. C. N. S. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter. Economic management and environmental quality. 4. Natural resources and the economy. economic growth and its measurement. USA. interaction between ecology and economic management. Praxis publishing. Growth and development. Economic functions of environment. Growth and Environment. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods.
2008. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. Environmental economics. M. Introductory Environmental Physics. 7th Ed. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. S. P. UK. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30
Years of the World Development Repor. economic progress. producer and community point of view.
2. Field visit. 2008.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. 2006. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. G. Sustainable development.
Introduction to economics. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. population and environmental quality. concepts and measurement. Impact of economic activity on environment. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development. Wesely Publishers. economic welfare and difference among all. USA. USA. New York. 2001. World Bank Publications. Boeker. 2001. E. COURSE 16
The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. Kentucky USA. Todaro. USA. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. Smith.
To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems. Ecosystem and its types.
J. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. Environmental Critics of agriculture. Economics. temperature. Russell. WCIV7AA.. M. J.
FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY
To develop an understanding in the about ecology. B.V. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy.
4. World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. concepts and approaches. 2008.3. Natural philosophy. its fundamental concepts. Swift. biogeography. branches of ecology. Portland 1967. COURSE 17
English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills)
Annexure . USA. 2002. Callicott. London. and systems ecology. 2009. soil. LLC. levels of ecological organization. A History of Western Philosophy. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. B. 2. community and ecosystem. 4. USA. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. and White. Introduction to ethical theory. & Pierce. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. International Thomson Publishing. water. D. Shogren.
World Bank Publications. N. Kessinger Publishing. community.. C. Touchstone Books. Environmental philosophy and ethics. ethics and ecology. Hanley..A. species. population. 2007. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale. Ecology. Palgrave Macmillan.
1. Frodeman. England. description of population. the ethics of soil. B. 2008. DeVeer. role of light. R. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy. 3.
Definition of philosophy.
topography and air as ecological factors. Microbiology of terrestrial environments. ecological modeling. Biogeochemical cycles of C. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea. M J. C. N. plant geography and animal distribution. King’s College London. Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. G. and More. landscape changes and their importance. 1st
Ed. C. Fundamentals of Ecology. bacteria and eukarya. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. Ecology (concepts and applications. B. COURSE 20
This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment. Biomes of the world. and S. Cambridge University Press. P. Population distribution and abundance. aquatic microbiology. Ecosystem: structure and function. M. Odum. 1992. biotic factors.W. Fundamentals of Ecology. population dynamics. M C J 1st ed. with special emphasis on their environmental impact. 2001 5. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. Populations. J. After completion of this course. Ecology (principles and applications). New Delhi. 2. and Barett. E P. various concepts of community. Chapman. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems. Systems ecology.
. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). 1999 4.L and Reiss. Tata McGraw-Hill. 5th Ed. UK. role and application of microorganisms in the environment. Thomson Brooks/Cole. Concepts of Limiting factors. Microbial metabolism. WCB/McGraw-Hill.
1. students will be able to understand the significance. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. characteristics of urban.) Moles. New York.Cox.
Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. 2000. productivity of different ecosystems. aero-microbiology and food microbiology. Dash. 6th Ed. distribution limits. landscape ecology. J. habitat and niche. 3. community dynamics. 2004. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. UK. agricultural and industrial ecosystems.
M..P. peppor. I. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual. Butterworth-Heinemann. J.V. Academic Press. F..M.
The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution.A. Washington DC. Manual of Environmental Microbiology. 2009. and Zuberer. R.
.F.B. 2.J. McGraw Hill Inc.
Environmental Microbiology. 4th Edition.L. Maier.
1. L.A.. Academic Press.L.L. 2005. R. and Stetzenbach. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution. USA. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water. UK. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal.P. Water. transportation & treatments.Gerba.. Understanding Environmental Pollution. Solid Waste generation. 2007. C. Case Studies. M. Cambridge University Press. 2002. Peiece.M.C. (Elsevier) USA. Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents.. Prescott. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology. C. Noise. P..R. Environmental Pollution and Control..J. Hill. isolation. and Jeffery.J. 2nd Edition. G. 1995. USA. 2005. W.P. Knudsen. Hurrst.J. 2005. 4. Pollution Control Strategies. A. Harley.D.
1.G. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines. Microbiology. Pepper.. New Jersey. purification and preservation.1998. Sylvia. USA.W. Weiner. D. Cambridge UK. USA.I. P. Prentice Hall. Soil. and Gerba.and Brendecke. J.J.
5. Fuhrmann. USA. 2. Fate of Environmental Pollutants. 3. Marine & Industrial pollution. London.
Introduction to Environmental pollution. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution. M. Types of Environmental pollution: Air. D. Hartel. L.and Vesilaind. Academic Press. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel.A. and Klein. its sources and their effects.... D.. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally. Mean plate count.. Dilution plate technique.Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection. Collection. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic. International Protocols (BASAL Convention). J. Crawford. McInernery.K. Effects of Pollutants. American Society for Microbiology. 2 Edition. Human & other living organisms.
K. Solar radiations. Climatology. Surface winds.. Cloud Classification. concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. The Hydrologic cycle. 6th Edition.. Mechanism of heat transfer. Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere. local winds. Heat and the Earth's atmosphere. Weather and Climate. A brief historical background and schools of psychology. 1992. Four Spheres of the Earth.W. 5. A. Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided. The climate of Pakistan. The Atmosphere. Marcel Dekkar. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere. N. 2006 5. COURSE 22
The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems. Radiation and climate. Sadder. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications.M. 1988. John H.
1. John Wiley and Sons. Cambridge University
Press. global circulation.F.2nd Editions. Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). 2002.. K. COURSE 23
This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences.4. Environmental psychology.From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. air pressure.J. 2003. Karachi. Pandis. Methods of psychology. 4. . The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan. 3. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. The Physics of Atmospheres. Lutgens.
Introduction to psychology. American Public Health Association (APHA). condensation and cloud Formation.E. climatic zones of Pakistan. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment. Lawrance K. Spyros. Factors affecting air Pressure. processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate.
. Austin Miller. 2. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics .
Introduction to Climatology and a brief History. Houghton J. Royal book company.. Tarbuck. Shamshad.
D. P. sustainable agriculture. Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. concepts. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives. Environmental Psychology. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine. carbon dioxide and global climate change. CRC Press. Sustainable agricultural practices. 5th Edition. Routledge. their management and ecological restoration.characteristics and research methods. Eysenck. CRC Press. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan. soil erosion and conservation. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. Bell.
. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher.C. COURSE 24
ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional )
This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. Soil as a natural resource. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts. High population density and psychological impacts... Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. London. Restoration of derelict lands. rivers. techniques and methods of restoration. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture. Environmental perception and cognition. Routledge. London.
1. species response to pollutants. Background and scope. M. Sustainable livestock management practices. energy and carbon balance. limitation of irrigated agriculture. Water as an ecological resource. 2001.A. Ecology of food production. Pollution control through Ecology. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change. threats and mitigation. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species. Fisher
J. and Baum A. soil resources of Pakistan. Fundamental of Psychology. solar radiation and primary production. Ecological restoration. 2. Greene. Water and distribution of species. Future water scenario of Pakistan. soil salinity and water logging. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. T. 1992.W.
toxins vs toxicants. Potentiation and Addition. Determination of chemicals in biological samples. in vivo & in vitro assays. water and soil. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals. and Memon. Falk.1998. Mumtaz.
1. and Barett. D. 5. J. Synergism. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents. Determination of Interaction of chemicals. K and Habib. 3. K. 2004. Immunological considerations in toxicology. Israr-ud-Din. toxicity screening using microbial systems.
Introduction to Toxicology: History. University of Peshawar. Island Press. biological effects. Chemical interactions and their types. Thomson Brooks/Cole.. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management
Determination of chemicals in water. Studies in Pakistan Geography. Toxicity: Types and its measurement. soil and air samples.National Book Foundation.W.. Odum E. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. Foundations of Restoration Ecology. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. Shirkat Gah. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system. Islamabad. Rashid. from natural and anthropogenic sources. COURSE 26
The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals.A. Oxford. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. 1996. 5th Edition. dose response relationship in living organisms. and Hobbs. 4. Organs. 1989. toxins & toxicants. Newman. R. Peshawar. toxicology of chemicals. 2000 2. Margaret A. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. G. Fundamentals of Ecology... 2nd
ed. Soil Science. P.S. J. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms.I. their containment and control strategies. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management. Lahore. E. A. Blackwell Scientific Publications. on human and other living organisms. Pakistan’s Environment. 2006. terminologies: Poisons. USA. Zedler. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. A. B.P. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air.
urbanization and pollution. Economic: agriculture. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology. education. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York. First and Second law of Thermodynamics. Ballantyne.D. State of the Environment-Pakistan .
Introduction to history. 5th Edition. economic development and the environment. topographic zones.
Introduction. W. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann. geography. Vol. 1996. economic aspects of different environmental problems. Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. 1992. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement. water resources. (ed. 3.). W. 1st Edition. Macmillan Press Ltd. M.Science of Poisons . major ecosystems. USA.2005 2. 2005 2. the economy and the environment.. the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements.1 & 2. pollution control-a general model.
1. 1st Edition. land. CRC Press Llc. the economic benefits of different environmental resources. 3. General and Applied Toxicology. Environmental Profile of Pakistan. health. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis. T and Turner. COURSE 27
ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN
To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development. international trade and the environment. P.M. 1993. culture. people. B. Hughes. 1989 COURSE 28
This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development. USA. measuring environmental benefits. Government of Pakistan.Recommended Books
. Klassen. USA. Ecological: ecological zones. McGrawhill. Williams. clean development mechanism. industry.
1993.2002. Spectroscopy and Chromatography. 3. and F.D. Use of Potentiometery. Holler. 3.. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling.I. Conductivitymetry. Biomarkers in environmental assessment. Sparrow and D. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin. Environmental Economics. Kolstad. and derived S. 2. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater.UK. Reuter.
S. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual. C. B. Data interpretation for quality control. salinity & sodicity). I. 8th Edition.1. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery. units. Peverill. 2. Oxford.. USA..
. 4. West. COURSE 29
ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2)
The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction.2004.J. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association). NO3–N & NH4-N). CSIRO Publ.. Sample preservation methods.I. M. Skoog. BOD. C. Analytical techniques for soil. Turner.. Collingwood.L. preparation and storage. 2005. 1999. J. handling. Gravimetery. Oxford University Press.K.A. and Batemen.. All Solids. D.W. 2003. Field. Titrimetery. L. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. Titrimetery. Standard solutions and standard curves. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve. Pearce. D.R. Harris. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. Sample collection.
1. Conductivitymetry. Environmental Economics: An Introduction. New York. 2000. Johns Hopkins University Press. water and plant analysis. COD.K. precision and accuracy. 6th Edition. M.and Field. K. Fluoride. Thomson and Brooks. Gravimetery.
Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory. Freeman & Co. Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH.C. D. D. A. Australia. soil (NPK and organic matter contents.
students will be able to understand the significance. Derbre. New York.). 4. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures. Recombinant DNA technology. National Biosafety Guidelines. USA. W. 2nd Ed. Oxford University Press. PCR. A.
1. Wiley-VCH Verlag. and application of biotechnology in the environment. 3. COURSE 32
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1)
. 2005. USA. Scragg. and Russel. 2. Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems. 2001. Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants.
Introduction. After completion of this course. Chichoster. USA. 2005.living organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution. Biomarkers. purification and preservation of DNA. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual.. Isolation. D. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment. J. Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques. England. (ed. 2007. Hans-
Joachim.. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms.E. 5th Ed.COURSE 30
ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6
ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY
This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments.1999. 2009. Biotechnology. Tools in environmental biotechnology. Germany. Introduction to microbial kinetics. J. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. New York. J.D. Smith. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd.
Introduction to basic molecular techniques. Sambrook. National Biotechnology Commission. Biosensor. and Josef.P.W. Government of Pakistan. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. Cambridge University Press. Bioreactors. Environmental Biotechnology.
2008. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. Reading maps (Maps characteristics)
1. history and platforms. advantages and limitations of process. F. 5. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. R. Using and reading GPS in field. Data entry and output. Forestry. 3. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. Harvey. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. John Wiley and Sons. Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. Introduction to GIS. Inc.
Introduction to ArcView. Fishery and wildlife. Cartography. Jensen. Guilfoud press New York. COURSE 33
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. 2000. Dessinov. Types of data used in GIS. Image Processing. A
Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. A. Aerial photography. Data acquisition. Energy Sources. Introduction to Photogrammetry. Z. eradication of the duplicated data. Pearsons Education. Different types of maps. Inc. 1999. V. Satellite Imageries. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. 2009.
Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. 4. Preparation of thematic maps. map projection and coordinate systems. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). Agriculture. History and data collection. K and L. analysis and output. integration of information from many sources. Campbell. Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. Active and Passive remote sensing. Mc Graw Hill Education. Lulla. 2000. Inc. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. Interpretation. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. John Wiley and Sons. 2. Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS).
Systems and Support Techniques. 2006. social and ethical values of biodiversity. 2005.. Environmental aspects and impacts. threats to biodiversity and its conservation. Michigan. M. American Society for Quality. Conservation of biodiversity. 2. economic. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes.2nd Ed. and Qasim. Sheldon. Certification of EMS.). 2001.
Introduction. Environmental Economy.
Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS).This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits.C. Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. standards and guidelines. 1998. Khan.3rd Edition . principles of Cleaner production. ecological.. animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan. Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor. etc. WWF Pakistan. 3. need and approach. Environment and sustainable development. Methods of environmental protection. F. 4. types of biodiversity. cleaner technologies. philosophical. M. Related Environmental legislation. hot spots of biodiversity. COURSE 34
BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION
The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. alpha and beta diversity. Environmental Management tools. Environmental Management Systems Principles. plant. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. threats to biodiversity. eco-design. American Society for Quality. and Yoxon. B. International Organization for Standardization. A.. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management.
Industrial Field Trip
role of traditional knowledge in conservation.
1. design and types of samples. 2. croplands. soil and living organisms. national and international laws and regulations. 2ndEd. Mirza. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. community and ecosystem level. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan. Considerations.conservation at species. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. London. Associates Inc. Rawalpindi. Lahore).B.D.
Sampling techniques (air. field custody. conservation strategies. 2000. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques. COURSE 35
This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i.R. Sunderland.B. conservation and livelihood. and Morre. cities. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan. their categories. water. Legal protection of species. Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures. protected areas. laboratory custody. Biogeography. quality control sampling. Cox. P. Saad Printers.
Introduction. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring. forests. international agreements. air. conservation in man-made ecosystems.. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme. presampling requirements/information. A Primer for Conservation Biology. 1998. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. Quality assurance and quality control. ecotourism. Conservation of wildlife. habitats. Z. plants. 3. chemical addition. management. in-situ and ex-situ conservation. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment. role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples. Kings College. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring.. C. NOC for plant operation. Sinauer.B. quality assessment. population. refrigeration and freezing methods.. 2000. sampling and design purposes. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora.
.e. P. Publ. Preservation methods including pH control. EIA requirement.
Peakall. Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate. 2008. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. S. 3. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide. agriculture. D. (ed) Springer. Energy and Temperature. Chuviero. extinctions. R. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. USA.Recommended Books:
1.1999. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts. 1992. The Measurement of Climate Change. Regional droughts and
. regional. Physical. Forstner U. Human responses to potential climate change. 2008. S. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. Burden. Manahan. 2000. Earth Observation of Global Change. phenological changes. 2. USA. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data. Patterns in Winds and Pressure. Korte. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. D. Ozone depletion. H. Moisture in the Atmosphere. Precipitation. COURSE 36
ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7
The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change. chemical. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. I. USA. Recent Climate Change Indicators. 2002. 5. Environmental Chemistry. Air Pollution and Acid Rain. and social factors contributing to climate and global change.USA. biological. Remote Sensing Note. Keith.) McGraw-Hill. F. L. New York.1996. 8. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. human health. E. McKlivie.. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention. E. altered community structure. Chapman and Hall.
Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change. Murai.. Japan Association on Remote Sensing. and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change. Tokyo. 6. 2nd Edition. and Guethner. UK. . 2002. Lewis Publisher London. (eds. its causes and effects. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. N. 7.
J. 2005. 1986.. Hardy. liquid. J. social impact assessment (SIA). 1st Edition. Climate Change . 4. Effects.T. (ed. 1999. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of
Pakistan. J. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. Effects. T. Blackwell. 3. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University.
1. reporting. Hardy.. and the public is informed about the project proposal
Introduction. and Solutions. 2005. 2003. 2005..
. and Solutions.O. Cost and benefits of EIA.). J. project implementation and follow up. John Wiley & Sons. London. law. Global Warming and Climate Change. Ministry of Housing and Works..Causes. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. D. Islamabad. A. 4.. scoping. Therivel. Main stages in EIA process. EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan. R. impact analysis. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels. Islamabad. Glasson. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems. 1994. Petts. public involvement. 2004. Oxford.Causes. Keith. John Wiley & Sons. principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society. Routledge. Sringer.A. 2. & Nixon. role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis. National Book Foundation. Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2). (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. solids. COURSE 38
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project. 5. Types & Resources to produce Energy. 2000. screening. A. Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems. mitigation and impact management. decision-making to implement the project. 2. review of EIA quality. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. Harrop.. Earthscan Publication Ltd. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice.
1. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. Global Change and the earth system. Climate Change .cataclysmic climate change. Houghton. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment. overview.(ed).. and Chadwick. 3. EIA project management. J. and noise. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts. 6. 2003. London.
national agriculture policy. management options. limitation in the future. causes and methods for its improvement. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. John Willey
& Sons. Evans.
1. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources. occurrence and distribution of natural resources... Everitt.B and Warren. Rangeland Management: existing status. 1993. wildlife census. Development of Management Plan: needs. A. forest types and its existing management. existing management approaches.
(ed. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area. effective management. Ludwig. United Nations Environment Programme. & McCabe.
. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy. USA. requirement. F. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia.
6. importance. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan.. management options. problem in agriculture. process and contents of the management plan. solar power.. threats. B. Carpenter..
Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. M. and Tu.5. national example. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level. national and provincial legislation. wind power and nuclear power. R. Watershed management: Importance basic principles. J.). agriculture chemicals... B. 2002. threat and its causes. Types. their current status and threats. 2nd Edition. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. Goldsmith. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources. their pros and cons.
NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
To train students on the identification. Lohani. Asian Development Bank. H. methodologies. EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual. agriculture products and their share in GDP. 1997. S. R. Sadler. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. New York. best available option for future. Conservation in Progress.
R. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design.2. Elsevier. Objectives. and the process of doing research and reporting the results
Introduction to Research.E. Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. Literature Search: Database. P. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. Interviews. Research Proposal: its importance . Experimental Research. Bibliography. Pearce &
Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice.. New York. concepts and terminologies. Search Engines. USA. W. Methodology. Sampling: the logic of sampling. to introduce students to research design. J. S. Hansen. research methods. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Material Methods.A pre-requisite for Research. GOP and IUCN.1991
RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE
The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study.L. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem.E. Islamabad. 2007. Case Studies. Sage CA. Review of Literature.
. Inference based on findings. V. 1990. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. Surveys. Environmental Conservation. 5. population and sampling frames. Creswell. How to put things together? Introduction.F. Review of Literature. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation
1. John Wiley & Sons. London.Amsterdam. Scientific Methods. Research Design & Research Methods. Thousand Oaks. and Jorqensen. Selecting the Research Method. 1992. types of sampling design/. Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison). Scientific Research: Science. 1984. 4. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods. 3. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically. Questionnaire. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data.
& Plano Clark. Dasmann.
regulations made there under.
National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation. 2001. Diamon. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan. 2008. 3rd Edition. Marilyn F.. Government of Pakistan 3. Belmont California. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act.2.
1. The Craft of Research by Wayne C. Univ. R. E. 5.. Moriarty. Law Books House. USA. Writing Science Through Critical Thinking. 1997. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules. Sage Publishers. England. Chichester. 2003. Robert Yin. USA.. John and sons Ltd. National Environmental Policy 4. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans.. 2000. Survey Research Methods. 2. Booth. 1989.h. and Arhonditsis. of
Chicago Press. 2nd
Edition.Harrad. 4. Babbie. Wadsworth Publishing Company. G. 1997. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. COURSE 44
HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT
. 6. National Conservation Strategy 5. M.
ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8
ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives
To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development. Students project in Environmental Science.S. S.Batty. 3. 2003. SNBP Local Government Ordinance. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan. 2001 and the rules of business made there under. Qadar.USA. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance.
This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45
POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46
RESEARCH PROJECT/ INTERNSHIP
E-I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY
To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,
5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.
N. fisheries management. virtual water. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan. 6. U. The Politics of Managing Water. Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT). Ahmed. Islamabad. A. R. water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan. Oxford University Press Karachi. flood and drought management. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry.. Bengali. 4. water quality and quantity aspects. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. and Malik. A.
1. hydrological cycle.. Briscoe. Groundwater Resources of Pakistan. water supply and demand management measures. watershed/catchment.1993.Lahore. I.. 2006.). 3.. Ahmed. Pakistan . Lahore. SDPI Oxford University Press.
One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant. 2003. Revised & enlarged edition. Mirajuddin Publication . Oxford University Press New Delhi. R. J. 2. integrated water resources management (IWRM). tubewells. Asia Printer. 2005. Cheema. Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization. (ed. flood and droughts. C. precipitation distribution in Pakistan. and Qamar. 2006. 5. O.
Water resource and its management. A. N.K. like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. P. Islamabad. 1993. (eds. pollution aspects. Biswas. with drinking water facilities like springs. and Tortajada.. improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency. Pakistan.Varis.
. it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects.). wetlands resources management.
Mirajuddin Publication .. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment.E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan. Khan. K. Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia.. Indus Water Accord 1991. Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. recycling and re-use of wastewater. climate change and its impacts on our future water resources. groundwater exploitation.
San Diego.. Gardiner.R. Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. N. Process and outcome. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. urban landscapes characteristics.W. and Weil.T. Types and properties of parent materials. 2007. R. humans as components of urban ecosystems. Upper Saddle River. Soil forming minerals. urban patterns and ecosystem functions. transport. Bashir. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. National Book Foundation.
The Nature and Properties of Soils. Urbanization.
Introduction. future of urban centers. NJ. Urban ecosystem. R. PrenticeHall. Brady. Soil Science. Physical and chemical properties of soil.E-3
SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT
This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. Miller. soils. Definition. and Bantel. 1996. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. Cation and anion exchange. management and green productivity. urban settlements. 11th Edition. Prentice Hall. Forms of urbanization. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. Soil degradation. Academic Press. Upper Saddle River. Islamabad. Causes of urbanization. urbanization in Pakistan.. CA. NJ. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes.C. 2008. After completion of this course. E-4
This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization. Soil buffering capacity and its importance. 1. D. USA. USA. Hillel. Soils in Our Environment. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations. Pakistan. E. Factors and processes of soil formation. 2007. hydrological processes. urban flora and fauna. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. D. residential mobility and the neighborhood change. the salient features of urban environments.
Introduction. USA. urban political ecology. R.
O.1990. 3. London. S. UK. Hejny.and Maser. Land use planning theories.S. Elements of urban planning. D. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development.. Scope.and Kowaril. 2.
. Routledge. New trends in planning and city management. The Ecology of Urban Habitats. The planning process. Kate.. USA. Levels of planning.. CRC Press LLC. Principles of planning. Sukopp. Chapman and Hall. 2007. Silberstein. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area. I.
Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. M. nature and purpose of urban planning. City Design for Sustainable Development. V. 2009. 2000.
1. 4. Ward. The Works: Anatomy of a City. A.
Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans. Planning and its relationship with other professions. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation. Planning theories and concepts. C. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. Routledge. Planning and Urban Change. SBS academic publishing. H.L. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. USA. Justification for planning for city management. 2004. Hough.Recommended Books:
Urban Ecology. 2. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability. 2006. Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments. 2004. Springer. 5.
London. Alberti. nd 2 Edition. J. SAGE Publications Ltd. UR.. S. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level. Gilbert. 1989. Penguin Group. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems. UK. Smith. M. Aims and Objectives of planning.. UK.
URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT
The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. Hague. Types of Urban Plans. New York.
It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters. M. Disaster Management Trainings and Policies. H.UNESCO.. Longman Group.
. 1991. 1986. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies.
Government of Pakistan. Physical factors. International phenomenon. Techniques and methods to assess hazard. G.
Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies.. Islamabad.. P. The Guilford Press. UK. It discusses a wide range of aspects.W. R.. Socio-economic factors.
1. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N. Cultural factors. 2nd Edition. Earthquake Management. and Woodrow. Boulder . Landslide. Flood Management: Organizational Role. 4. Clara. 1989.B. Westview Press. Role of Media in Disaster Management. 1993.. New York. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research.. and White G. ADB. Disaster as an opportunity for development.W.F. 2. Chapman & Hall. Different approaches and Indicators. Kates. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors. Earthquake. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures. Prediction. Hazards. Natural cycles and their role. D. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms. Manila. Introducing Town Planning. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development. 1993.. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches. E-7
This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies.3. Natural Disasters Alexander. Ministry of Housing and Works. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs).J. The Environment as Hazard Burton I.. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made. 1993. Political factors. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. E&UA Div. 4.e. 3. Paris. i. New York. Flooding. Disaster Management: Components of management.
merits and demerits of wind. decomposers.H. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. Botkin. alternate energy resources. 4th Edition. 6.
Introduction to agro-ecosystem. Paris. Westport. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources.
Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. Sustainable livestock management. 2007.W.
1. and Mushkatel. 3. 2007. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America.
The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals. D. energy resources of Pakistan. energy resources. Schoch.C. Disasters and Development Cuny. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem. F. R. biomass resources. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers. hydropower. 2001. primary producers. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions.B and Keller. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. USA. 2. Farming practices for pests and weeds control. M. A. E. Quorum Books. Biotic structure. 6th Edition. John Wiley and Sons. solar. and Yonavjak.A.
Energy-development and environment.5. local. environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources. E-9
Energy and Environment
This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life.. Ecological concept in crop and food production.. Perry R. consumers. Consumer and producer relationship.
. New York. McKinney. 1984..M. types. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems. 1983. Agroecology. L. sustainable energy management. Phytoremediation and bioremediation. uses.L. Deforestation for agricultural purposes. OECD/IEA. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.
Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species.A. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species. and Rossel. C.
. CBS Publishers and Distributors.R. M. 2000. Westview Press.P. USA. 1990.M. 2. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture. India. Agrocology. Study of index of diversity. McGraw Hill Publishing Company. 3.Lab Work
Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram. Experimental Plant Ecology. Boulder.G. Kapur.. Corol. Study of stratification and profile diagram.Determination of density and abundance of plant species. New York. P. R. USA. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity.H. Altreri. 1995. Yandermeer J. and Sudha.
1. New Delhi.
availability of the faculty and other facilities.
. that: 1. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. the Committee agreed on the following principles. it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor. 3. 4. 5. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science. The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after
four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME
MS in Environmental Science
Regarding MS Degree Programme. The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines. The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions.
16. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. 21.
25. 26. 12. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3
1. 9. 10. 11. 22. 11. 7. 17. 5.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
CORE COURSES Course Titles
2. 18. 4. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture.
3. 4. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development
. 3. 19. 5. 9. 14. 8. 10.
The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. 6. 13. 8.
20. 2. 12.
Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. 15. 6.
1994.E. Mackenzie J. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. 2. Treaties. London. Elsevier. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan.T. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our
Common Future.1991. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space. 2. Environmental control Policies. NCS. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan. Karachi. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems.. London Black Stone Press Ltd. 1992. Ball. Money. Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of
the Environment. Mackenzie. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences.1995.
. 1987. and Jorqensen.1994.. 2nd Edition. Khan K. Hodder and Stoughton.A. S. Islamabad. GOP and IUCN. 4. 1991. F. 3.. Relationship of culture. COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan.E. S.. WCS. technology and resource use. Environment People and Economy. Oxford University Press. Provincial and Local Strategies. Carrying capacity and sustainable development. Instruments and methods. Amsterdam. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall. Draft National Environmental Policy. Conventions and Protocols in Global. Oxford University Press. Hansen.
1. status of Terrestrial.. 3. D. and Bell. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling. development of concepts.S. Regional and International Environmental Issues. Conservation Strategies. S.DETAILS OF M. P.F. Geography of Pakistan.
ecological impact assessment. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. Ahmed. F & Bronstein. Demographic impact assessment. Harlow Essex. Environment Department. sample collection and preservation. COURSE 3
ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. ed. Assessment of environmental impacts. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). social impact assessment. UK. World Bank. 1995. Environmental Chemical Analysis. economic impact assessment. A. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements.
. procedures and methods of EIA. 3. 1993. Ministry of Environment. A
one Publishers Lahore. sampling rules. Chichester. Sectoral guidelines for EIA. Wood. Burnt Hill. process. WB. Ed. Air and Solid Waste. England. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. K. D. Environmental and Social Impact assessment. Greenberg (American Public Health Association). John Wiley & Sons. Longman House. opportunities and issues. Government of Pakistan.Vanclay.
1. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution.
ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES
Introduction. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. C. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants. Washington.
1. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. 2. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. 2. Case Studies and review. DC. Wastewater. History. 1995. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery. Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment. role and importance.A. Cost benefit analysis of projects. Longman Scientific and Technical. Gas Chromatography etc. Environmental auditing. Principles of physical..
. food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. Project Planning and Approval Processes. T. S. Project Management: A Managerial Approach. Prentice Hall International Inc. Project Life Cycle. activities. B. Meredith J. 2. Caeneross. inputs. 2. Resource Mobilization. Kjelllström. and Guidotti. indicators. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Van Nostrand and Reinhold. Oxford University Press New York. Park. 2001. T. Mantel s.. Ergonomic and Safety. de Kok. 3. A. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. economic evaluation.. Nebel. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. T. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. 4. J. means of verification... development objectives.2000. specific objectives. Need identification. 1992. MS Project
1. Primary health care services. Environmental Health Engineering. assumptions. 1st Ed. T. M. COURSE 5
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT
Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems. A Guide to Project Management. Project Management Institute. 1997. Defining Project objectives. New York. M/S Banarsid. USA. R. Project Planning. Accident prevention and safety plans. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic. 1998.. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. Occupational Health: problems and issues. J. R.
. Planning Commission Performas. air borne. 1st Ed. feasibility study. K. Basic Environmental Health.. Yassi.. and Wright. Lippmann. work breakdown structure. UK. 2nd Ed. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). safety techniques. prevention and control.
1993. Public health concept. Inc. Wiley Interscience. London.. Government Policies and Programs. Project Initiation. John Wiley and Sons. Writing Project Proposal.COURSE 4
PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT
Introduction: What is a Project. 5. Reasons for Project success or failure. 2002. L. principles and practices. outputs.
1. communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne. USA. 1st ed.
Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan.
1. 1990b. 1997 COURSE 7
ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT
Energy and its forms. ISO Central Secretariat. transport. D. uses. St Luise Press. Paris. Botkin. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. 2.
. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal. and Yonavjak. E. M. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management.
2. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). types. principles and elements of the process of EMS. Sayre.L. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized
Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor.
1. 6th Edition. solar.
Paris. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. industry and domestic sectors. 2001. 2007. sustainable energy management for agriculture. L. 2007. D. Sources of data. Principles of cleaner production. R.. McKinney. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. OECD/IEA. Switzerland. 3.A. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. gas. data collection and interpretation. 1998. bio-energy resources.B and Keller. Environmental auditing. 3. Environmental Auditing.M. 4th Edition. John Wiley and Sons. Related Environmental regulations. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources.
Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. Schoch.COURSE 6
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
Introduction to Environmental Management System. 4. non-renewable and renewable. ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family. energy resources. energy resources of Pakistan. USA. nuclear) local. alternate energy resources. merits and demerits of wind. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). Michigan-January 2001. petroleum. hydropower.
types of climate change models. 2. 2005. geographical and temporal patterns. and Solutions.D. 2005.Causes. J. Beck. John Wiley & Sons. B & Jager. John Wiley & Sons. Chichester. (Ed. survival and extinction. forests. 2004.
2005. and Solutions. plant conservation. Life history strategies of plants. ECOPE 29. Oxford. Blackwell Publishing.T.COURSE 8
Introduction. Introduction to Plant Population Biology. global aspects of plant ecology. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. 3. 2005.
. D. Hardy. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Maarel. Effects. Hardy. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. London. competition and coexistence. 4. 2. 2003. Climate Change . J.
1.Causes. Oxford UK. Modeling of climate change. Effects. J. UK. The Green House Effect. Berlin. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. COURSE 9
ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY
Environmental conditions. 3. human activities and vegetation dynamics. vegetation dynamics.). climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. Vegetation Ecology Ed. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. 1. 5. Climate Change . Plant Ecology. resources and plants. ED. T. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics. & Charlesworth. E. John Wiley & Sons. etc. UK 1991. E & Muller-Hohenstein. 2003. management and restoration. Warrick. Climate Change and Ecosystems. plant invasions. Green House Gases. Springer.
1. types and their climatic effects. Earthscan Publication Ltd.. Shulze. 1st Edition. Silvertown. Plant population dynamics. D. Climate change and food production. water resources. K. Blackwell Publishing.. Houghton. Species richness.
2004. Bailey. Establishment and management of protected areas. USA. Status of forests in Pakistan. II). Wildlife Ecology and Management. 5. Threatened animals and plants.
. Mcmillan. 1984.
1. Roberts. Biodiversity: An introduction. Sustainable forest management.J. And Bolen. their types and role in conservation. status. W.B. K. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. habitats and ecosystems. Forests. UK. distribution. Blackwell Publsihing. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. B. 3. Wetlands. John Wiley And Sons.D. 2002. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity.J. 1998. R. Loss of biodiversity. J. Roberts.
1. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation. T. Consumptive. Rangeland management.J. deforestation and its control. Participatory forest management. Protection and restoration of species. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. their ecological and economic importance. & Ripley. Oxford
University Press. 1986. 3. distribution. 2002.A. distribution and management. 4. Oxford. T.) Gaston.COURSE 10
Introduction. types. Protected areas. Essentials of Conservation Biology. their importance. Oxford.(2nd Ed. Extinction of species. S. types. London.G. Oxford University Press. I). UK. its causes. Forest plantations. & Spicer. management. 2. Publishers Sunderland. 1973 2.L. kinds. 1992. Protected areas in Pakistan. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan. Cambridge University Press. E. Wildlife of Pakistan. problems and solutions. Global and national biodiversity. Oxford. Conserving Living Natural Resources. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management. Robinson. Weddell. Principles of Wildlife Management. Cambridge. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. Oxford University Press. COURSE 11
WILDLIFE. threats and conservation. biological diversity. Primack. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali. Cambridge. J. Sinauer Assocaites. FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT
Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation.J. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity. S.
Clara. The Works: Anatomy of a City.COURSE 12
ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT
Introduction. 2. drinking water and solid waste in cities. SAGE Publications Ltd. Silberstein. 3.
London. G. 4. Urban land use planning and management. urban systems and their characteristics. Kate. H.. Islamabad. E&UA Div. Planning and Urban Change.
1.. urban landscape characteristics. USA. J. 2000. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards..and Maser. Urban planning and management in Pakistan. Government of Pakistan. A. urban political ecology. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages. Forms of urbanization. Introducing Town Planning. V. CRC Press LLC. UK. 2007. Environmental problems of urban life. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. management of transport. urbanization in Pakistan. C. Ward. USA. 1993. UK.
. 1986. Ministry of Housing and Works. future of urban centers. Longman Group. Penguin Group. 2004.. New York. Sustainable cities. S. sanitation.
COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES
English I (Functional English) Objectives:
Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking.J. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase.V. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English
Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher
Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building
1. Exercises 1. Oxford University Press. a) Functional English Grammar 1. Thomson and A.Annexure . Third edition. Practical English Grammar by A.
Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. ISBN 0194313492
Practical English Grammar by A.2. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Oxford University Press.J.V. Speaking
English II (Communication Skills)
Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. Reading/Comprehension 1. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. minutes of meetings. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Reading. Exercises 2. Fourth Impression 1993. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Third Impression 1992. Thomson and A. Martinet. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. style and pronunciation)
Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review
a) Communication Skills Grammar
. and speed reading.
Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. 1997. intensive and extensive. Writing. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. Third edition. Upper Intermediate.
V. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. 2. descriptive and argumentative writing). Third Impression 1992. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. content. Reading 1.1. discursive. form. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. 2.
English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills)
Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking
Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. Oxford Supplementary Skills. introduction to presentations.J. Writing. clarity. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Fourth Impression 1993. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Third edition. Thomson and A. Oxford Supplementary Skills. ISBN 0 19 435407 3
. Writing. Writing. Reading. language. Advanced by Ron White. Oxford University Press 1986. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. narrative. Fourth Impression 1992.
Practical English Grammar by A. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing
Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building
Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. Advanced. Martinet. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky.
Writing 1. Third Impression 1991. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. Exercises 2. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco.
Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. Martin’s Press. Mandell.
3. Kathleen Shine Cain. A Custom Publication. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. Compiled by norther Illinois University. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature.
College Writing Skills by John Langan.(particularly suitable for discursive. Kirszner and Stephen R. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. without taxing the taste of engineering students).
Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. argumentative and report writing). 2.
. St. 2004.
Study the process of governance. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. government. 2000. 1947-58 b. Zaidi. b. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki.
2. ideological background of Pakistan. Historical Perspective a. Location and geo-physical features. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Society and social structure c. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. 1993. contemporary Pakistan. Shahid Javed. Mehmood. Karachi: Oxford University Press.
1. 1971-77 d. Indus Civilization ii.
4. State & Society in Pakistan. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. 1988-99 f. 2. Safdar. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. politics. S.
3. 1994. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. 1977-88 e. Lahore.Annexure . 1999 onward
1. People and Land i. Muslim advent iii. 1958-71 c. Economic institutions and issues b.B
Pakistan Studies (Compulsory)
• • Develop vision of historical perspective. Ethnicity d.
. Akbar. S. Karachi: Oxford University Press.M.
Contemporary Pakistan a. national development.
Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a.
Zahid. The Political System of Pakistan. Political Parties in Pakistan. 1980.
6. Lawrence. II & III. 1998.. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Rafique.The Emergence of Banglades. Ziring. Karachi: Royal Book Company. 1987. Club Road.
11. Party. Haq. 1980. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 8. Wayne. Sayeed.K. Noor ul. K. Muhammad Waseem. 9. Ethno . Pakistan Kayyun Toota. Aziz. Lahore: Vanguard. 1967. Vol. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. Tahir. M.
14. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Amin. Mehmood. 12. nd. Islamabad. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd.
Wilcox. 1972.5. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. Khalid Bin. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research.National Movement in Pakistan. I. 1976. Pakistan Under Martial Law. Afzal.
. 1993. Safdar. Enigma of Political Development. Ansar. Politics in Pakistan. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia. Institute of Public Policy Research. 10. History & Culture of Sindh. Washington: American Enterprise.
Annexure .20) Related to thinking. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.A.Tadabar (Verse No1.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina
.6.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S. 2 (2-0)
Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran
Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.A.A.57.A.21.58.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory)
This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.19.40.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.56.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.
3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt. in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family
Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. “Emergence of Islam” .3)
Ethical Values of Islam
2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9)
Hameed ullah Muhammad. Ahmad Hasan. “Studies in Islamic Law. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. Islamabad (2001)
. International Islamic University.” Hussain Hamid Hassan.S. Pakistan. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. Bhatia. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. IRI.
Houghton & Mifflin. Cramer’s rule. system of linear equations. matrix inverse. Boston
. harmonic progression.D
Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics.
Preliminaries: Real-number system. functions.
COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS)
1. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. Wooton W. 1987. Sharron S. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. cube roots of unity. determinants. equations reducible to quadratic equations. trigonometric identities. 1986.Annexure . Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. introduction to sets. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations.
MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA)
Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0
Specific Objectives of the Course:
To prepare the students. not majoring in mathematics. set operations.
Dolciani MP. PWS-Kent Company. Beckenback EF. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. geometric progression. PWS-Kent Company. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). 1978. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. College Algebra and Trigonometry. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. Boston Swokowski EW. complex numbers. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. types of functions. types.
MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS)
Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0
Specific Objectives of the Course:
To prepare the students. 1983. integration by substitution. left-hand and right-hand limits. derivatives. change of variables in indefinite integrals. equation of a line. Bevens I.
MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY)
Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours:
Specific Objectives of the Course:
To prepare the students. Calculus (11th edition). John Wiley. Calculus (3rd edition). angle between two lines. Davis S. distance between a point and a line. not majoring in mathematics. continuity. parallel and perpendicular lines. solution of equations involving absolute values. 2005.
Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. PWS-Kent Company. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines.
Preliminaries: Real-number line. not majoring in mathematics. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. Addison-Wesley. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). inequalities. New York Stewart J. intersection of two lines. Boston Thomas GB. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. Reading.
Anton H. USA 3. various forms of equation of a line. functions and their graphs. distance between two points. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. rational and transcendental functions. 2005. differentiation of polynomial. 1995. integration by parts. Ma. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. slope of a line. Finney AR. continuous functions.
.2. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW.
determinants. set operations. 1987. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. 1969 Kaufmann JE. equations reducible to quadratic equations. the general-second-degree equation
Abraham S.Circle: Equation of a circle. PWS-Kent Company. Boston 4. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. hyperbola. PWS-Kent Company. circles determined by various conditions. Introduction to sets. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. Scott.
1. ellipse. College Algebra and Trigonometry. system of linear equations. Freshman and Company. types of matrices. functions. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Cramer’s rule. : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. locus of a point in various conditions. 2008 and onward
Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives
To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics.
. types of functions. inverse of matrices. 1986.
Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. Analytic Geometry. intersection of lines and circles. Boston Swokowski EW. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Conic Sections: Parabola. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). nature of roots of quadratic equations.
Latest Edition. quartiles. 4. PWS-Kent Company. J. discrete and continuous series. Measures of dispersion: Range. Wilcox. Walpole. trigonometric identities. ungrouped and grouped data. Boston.geometric and harmonic progressions..
Latest Edition. W. standard deviation. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. individual. moments. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’... characteristics of statistics. variance. skewness and kurtosis.. 3. array. R. cumulative frequency curve. deciles and percentiles. Latest Edition.
MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY
3 Mathematics at Secondary level
Credit Hours: Prerequisites:
Specific Objectives of Course:
To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. bar frequency diagram histogram.
1. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. 5. types of frequency series. E. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. Kaufmann. Graphs: Graph of straight line.
. Swokowski. tally sheet method. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. E. 2. R. E. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. frequency polygon. R.
2. relationship of statistics with social science. circle and trigonometric functions. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes.
Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. Prentice Hall. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics.
1983. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. Davis. Bevens. et al. infinite and improper integrals. 4. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. Hughes-Hallett. Boston. H. special points of a function. 1999. Jhon Willey & Sons. I. sinusoidal function. McCallum. Inequalities. plane polar coordinates. Gleason.
2005. S. Calculus. Calculus. 11th Edition. the inverse of differentiation. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. 2002. John Wiley & Sons. integration by inspection. reduction formulae. W. 3. integration using partial fractions. Continuity.Jr. Elliott Mendelson. Equation of a Line. Extreme Values of Functions.
2. Least-Squares Line. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. products.
MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS
Preliminary calculus. implicit differentiation. Inc.
1. E. Second Edition 1992. 5. Anton. 8th edition. Rational and Transcendental Functions. Continuous Functions. and Transcendental Functions. Solution of equations involving absolute values.Course Outline:
Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. applications of integration.
1. Calculus Single and Multivariable. 2005. 2. Thomas. Slope of a Line. 3rd Edition.
Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers
. Mathews. quotients. 6. 6. Calculus. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. substitution method. Schaum’s Outline Series. Swokowski. Leibnitz’ theorem. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. logarithmic integration. Inc. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. Rational Functions. theorems of differentiation. integration by parts. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. Prentice-Hall. Integration by Parts. Addison Wesley publishing company. Frank A. John H. the chain rule. Trigonometric Functions. 4th edition. integral inequalities. logarithmic differentiation. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. • Integration Integration from first principles.
Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints
.Additions and subtraction. solving hyperbolic equations. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. arithmetico-geometric series. geometric series. approximation errors in Taylor series. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. series involving natural numbers. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. multiplication. modulus and argument. identities of hyperbolic functions. complex conjugate. finding the nth roots of unity. the difference method. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. inverses of hyperbolic functions. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions.
moments of inertia. centers of mass and centroids. line to plane • Reciprocal vectors
7. of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values
. unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix.
Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes.5. point to plane. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. Pappus’ theorems.
Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. vector product. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. scalar triple product.
Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. line to line. of a unitary matrix. the inner product. symmetric and antisymmetric. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals.
6. orthogonal. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. masses. Hermitian.
spherical polar coordinates
. divergence of a vector field.8. combinations of grad. div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field.
Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products.
Median and mode. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Discrete and continuous variables. Moments and Moments ratios. properties of Good Average. Unit 2. Pie chart. Quantiles. Population. Test statistics. Editing of Data. Exercises. Unit 4. Exercises. level of significance. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. Diagrams. Type-I and Type-II errors. bias. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. The Variance and standard deviation. The Mode. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Range. Exercises. Sources.E
INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS
Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. null and alternative hypothesis. Empirical Relation between Mean. Absolute and relative measures. Presentation of Data Introduction. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve.
. The semi-Interquartile Range. Exercises Unit 6. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Histogram. Types of frequency curves. Historigram. The Mean Deviation. Exercises. Exercises. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Data. Unit 3. Unit 7. Probability and Probability Distributions. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. sampling and non sampling errors. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. sample design and sampling frame. Unit 5.Annexure . sampling with and without replacement. Collection of primary and secondary data. probability and non-probability sampling. Change of origin and scale. Poisson and Normal Distribution. Errors of measurement. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Ogive for Discrete Variable. Coefficient of variation. Bar charts. Different types of Averages. Stem and Leaf Display. Difference of means and proportions. Graphs and their Construction. definition of outliers and their detection. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Observations. Statistical problem. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Box and Whisker Plot. Rounding of a Number. acceptance and rejection regions. Significant digits. Standardized variables. Exercises.
2005. cause and effect relationships.. E. F. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. “Introduction to Statistics”. Examples
1 Walpole. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. r and R2. New York. Kitab Markaz. examples. 3rd Ed. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. Unit 11. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. 2 Muhammad. Contingency Tables.
. Coefficient of linear correlation. Regression and Correlation Introduction. R.Unit 8. Exercises Unit 10. Exercises. 1982. Macmillan Publishing Co. Testing of Hypothesis. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples.Single Population Introduction. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table..Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. Inc. simple linear regression. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. Exercises Unit 9. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. its estimation and interpretation. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. Correlation.