(Revised 2009)


Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director


1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………

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respective accreditation councils and stake holders. The world has turned into a global village. imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge. therefore. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976. and 36. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration. It is. D773/76-JEA (cur. R&D organizations.PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation.). revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. degree awarding institutions. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees. the Federal Government vide notification No. DR.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses. 2009 at the HEC Regional Center. It also aimed to give a basic. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee.ALTAF ALI G. SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 . 63. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30. PROF. universities and other institutions of higher education. dated December 4th 1976. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. Lahore. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level.


7. Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall. Rawalpindi Dr. Member 6 . Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. Dr. Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2. Dr. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head. Rawalpindi Dr. Lahore Member 6. Member 5. Following attended the meeting:1. April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline. Karachi from 28-30. Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. Member 4. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr.Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre. Dr. Member 3.

Dr. Member 10. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. Dr. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi. Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore. Dr. Dr. Dr. Prof. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9. Prof. Dr. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. 7 . Member 11. Karachi Member 12. Member 16. Member 15. Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof. Member 14. Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof. 13.8. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr.

The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement. Mr. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. 2. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society. Faisalabad Member 18. the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. Member 19. Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. 1. Mr. Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. Dr. Member 20.17. Islamabad coordinated the meeting. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. Karachi. At first. Dr. 8 . Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. Secretary Dr. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr. Shafiq-ur-Rehman. Chairman. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. The meeting was opened by Mr. Director of HEC Regional Center. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University.

The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities. Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. 3. The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses.3. In last few centuries. The committee thanked Mr. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development. 6. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment. 5. 4. 2. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 . The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. 1. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity.

and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. ii. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. regional and global contexts. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science. This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 . through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv. Apply theoretical understanding. skills and behaviour patterns. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today. RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. in its preliminary meeting. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. 5. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems. This committee. professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii. Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i. Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility.

The medium of instruction.e. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. with consensus. UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles. DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee. A. The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2. assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science. that: 1.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. 3. 1. Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science. 6. eight semesters in the semester system. 2. 4. Integrating natural sciences. 5. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level. pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration.. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3. Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English. skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes. Sc. The 11 .

Introductory Economics* 17. Basic Chemistry* 4. Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13. Introduction to Earth Science 8. English-I 6. Sociology/Anthropology* 11. Biology –II* 9. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5. Environmental Microbiology 21. Introduction to Computer 14. English-III 18. Environmental Pollution 22. Environmental Physics 16. Biology –I* 3.proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. Environmental Chemistry 15. Introduction to Environmental Science 2. Fundamentals of Ecology 20. Psychology* . English-II 12. Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19. Climatology* 23. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order. SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1.

ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43. Environmental toxicology 27.24. Environmental Management Systems 34. Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours . ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37. Natural Resource Management 40. Environmental Impact Assessment 39. ELECTIVE-III 42. 44. Environmental Economics 29. Applied Ecology 26. Research Methods in Environmental Science 41. Environmental Monitoring 36. Opt. Environmental Biotechnology 32. Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25. Biodiversity & Conservation 35. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. English-IV/ Univ. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30. 45. Climate Change 38. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31. 46. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28.

• Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical.

Pearson Educational. lipids. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet.L. national. development in industry and agriculture. & Nebel. poverty and resource depletion. Environmental Science: systems and solutions. history. The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms. E. L.B & Keller. B. Human environment and its problems: global.. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development. environmental pollution. its importance in human life. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth. R. & Yonavjak. 2002. Miller. D.I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life.J. 4th Ed. current global. 10th Ed. urbanization. 4. socio-economic. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY . McKinney. Botkin. 2007. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment. Recommended Books: 1. Environmental Science: working with the Earth.DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline.. ethical. Wright. M. ecological. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates.M. 15 .A. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society. 2. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future. R. Different aspects of environment: physical. Schoch. Thomson Learning. and their relationships with various environmental factors.T. 2007 3. John Wiley & Sons. Major components of environment: physico-chemical. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. 2007. regional. G. philosophical. 6th Ed. biological and social. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts. proteins and nucleic acids.

enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations.. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions. Australia . Lingappa. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Cells. phospholipids in membrane systems.. A. N. polypeptides in protein diversity. lipids. Plopper. L. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology. Biology: a Human Emphasis. 2003. V. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa. C. Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell. proteins. D. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning.. Structure and the basis of function. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus. carboxylic acids. esters. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding. The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. B. Ltd. USA. amines). 5th Edetion. 2008. 4. Canada. The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. USA. 8th Ed. Shier. Lewis. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals. R. Cassimeris. USA. 2007. 1. covalent. coordinate covalent bond. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods. Ionic. Origin of life: chemical evolution. Aromatic compounds. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. Bulter. R. Molecular Biology through Questions. 3. carbonyls. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin. 5.. Crossley. McGraw. 1996. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. Study of mitosis in onion root tip. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. lipids. carbohydrates. protobionts. 16 . Introduction to cell biology. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins.Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life.. G. Wadsworth Group. M. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. Cell division. and Whitelaw. E. origin of metabolism. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. 2. Nucleic acids. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. New York. the molecule of genetic information and replication.Hill International Edition. and Lewis. Starr. Self Assessment and Revie. J. chemical basis of life. chemical diversity. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. 2007.

real line. Photochemical reactions. values of trigonometric functions. P. Skoog. 2nd Edition. Binomial theorem (Simple applications). The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. B. double angle formulas. molal. determinants. 2004. Measurement of pH. 2005..K. Solution chemistry. Brimblecombe. D. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. 2nd Edition. 2003. P. Harris.. Column chromatography. and Holler. Thomson and Brooks. J..J. equations of lines (linear equations).E. 2004. M.H.. 1st Ed..C. T.. Colloids chemistry. law of Cosines.. USA. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional). W. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra. graphs. 6th Edition. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers. COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences. 8th Edition. Girard. UK. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. D. coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane.Special Products (Binomial Expression). Qualitative Chemical Analysis. Thin layer chromatography. Liss. normal solutions/buffers. West.D. D. series and means. angle-sum formula. expansion of determinants.E. Matrices and Determinants: Matrix. Understanding Environmental Pollution. minor and cofactor of a matrix. 2004. Hill.S. and Reid. Jickells. 2. 17 . Andrews. Osmosis and Dialysis. EC and TDS in waste water. Freeman and Company. straight line and related concepts. simultaneous equations and their solutions. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles. J. geometric and harmonic sequence. Jones and Barlett. UK.. Sequence and series: Arithmetic. Blackwell Science. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula. Recommended Books: 1. Lab Work Preparation of molar.. USA. 5. radicals.M.ions. concepts of six basic trigonometric functions. Cambridge University Press. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. Surface chemistry. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations). 4. Canada. F. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane.A. Principles of Environmental Chemistry.J. Use of spectrophotometric techniques. Algebra of matrices. 3.

Addission. plate tectonics.Cramer’s Rule. Jr. Fossils and their significance. composition and its internal structure. Scott Foresman and Company. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions. Abraham. Pacific Grove. 3. Thomas. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. 4. Recommended Books: 1. 1999. D.A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure . weathering and erosion. Introduction to rocks and minerals. erosion and related landforms. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation. J. nonrepeated linear factors. This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals. and Finney. Introduction to sedimentary. L. Chain rule. product and quotient rules without derivations). Chatterjee. New Delhi. Narosa Publishing House. Earth as a member of solar system. Smith. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. K.. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension. mountain building. cleavages. Trignometry for College students. theorem of integration. Weathering. 2. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. by parts integration (simple applications). COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure . Introduction to folds. the processes of their formation. S. earthquakes. G. R. 18 . The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. irreducible quadratic factors. Integration: Formulas of integration. its origin. earthquakes and volcanoes. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography.B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography.B. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors. age. foliation. 4th Ed.. different earth processes like mountain buildings. difference. Analytical Geometry. theorems on differentiation (sum. faults. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. joints. California. 10th Ed. lineation and unconformities. igneous and metamorphic rocks.Wesley.

Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. Use of brunton compass and GPS.II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution. E. Lamarckism. examples of adjustments in varied environment. Brooks/Cole. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants. Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life.. D.. J. Prentice Hall. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat. E. unicellularity. Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources.Identification of rocks and minerals. interactions among diversified life. A. 4. 19 . Geographical aspects of biodiversity. 2005. 11th Edition. 9th Edition. molecular basis of biodiversity. Tarbuck. and Monroe. and Tasa. invasion of life on land. 2004. Wicander. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis. 3rd Edition. Biodiversity of canal. Field Study tour. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification. biodiversity crises. Lutgens. and Tasa.. protocell formation. 2007 3.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps. Life in sea. Prentice Hall. measuring biodiversity. Biodiversity of hilly areas. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity.. multicellularity. K. J. F. animals). Foundations of Structural Biology. 5. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. population loss and decline. causes of extinction. 5th Edition. Biodiversity of deserts. Prentice Hall: 2006. Lutgens.. crucial for organisms’ sustainability. Tarbuck. different classification systems. Darwinism. F. 2007 2. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water. Earth Science. Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology. modern concepts.. G.. G. Smith.. Recommended Books: 1. Physical Geology and Process of Science. and Pun. Routledge. K.. COURSE 8 BIOLOGY . Geological time chart with biodiversity. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms. Park. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories. R. R. J. D. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation. consequences of losing biodiversity. How Does Earth Work.

20 . Contemporary environmental status. Recommended Books: 1.E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems. globalization and environmental issues. R. (editor). Gaston. culture and society.K. Scope and application. Conceptualizing environment. Tripartite nature of environment. USA. Nora and Wilk. UK. and Spicer. Walnut Creek. P. Prospect Heights. Inc. 2003. L. Starr. Understanding the environment-human relationship. UK. C. K. 2006. Consumption. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. I. power & hegemony. J. The Ecology of global consumer culture. Inc. 2. C. Culture. CA: AltaMira Press. Crumley. and concerns. Hannen. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. Bradbury. Adam. John Wiley and Sons. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions. Townsend. 2001. (editors). 2000. K. 2009. 2009. The Biosphere. Allan & Carter. New York: New York University Press. Goals and expectations. Biology. UK. a Human Emphasis. 2nd Edition. Environmental Risks and the Media. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology. 3. COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure . J. 3. Wadsworth Group. 4. Contemporary environment issues and debate. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. 5th Edition.. IL:WavelandPress. Blackwell Science Ltd. Biodiversity (An Introduction). 2. Chronological. Perspective of human-environment evolution. I. New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. 2005. Routledge.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. 3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment. and Sustainable Living. Use of environment for vested interest..

5. Long l. After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry. Operating system (Windows).H.1999. Software: Application software.. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere. Ms-Power Point. G. Types and classification of computers. Ed. Course Outlines Definition. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion.BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment. Selin. K.London 1996. Fundamentals of computer. physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry.C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered. Ms-Excel.6th Ed. Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse. Marquis A. as are their effects on the biosphere. Configurations. Kluwer Academic Publishers.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure . software packages. 6. Ms-Access.. 2003. Storage hardware. Introduction to MS-Word. computer programs and basic applications. Milton. output hardware. Rutledge. Recommended Books: 1. Local Area Network. 2. 21 .Microsoft office 2000. internet. e-mail. system software. processing hardware. Long N. COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure . Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures. Courter. Hardware: Input Hardware.

Sound and Noise. Ozone chemistry. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light. Equations of fluid dynamics. Solar spectrum.. A. Environmental Chemistry. Ibanez. Transport of pollutants. M. 1st Edition.. DoriaSerrano. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Chemical reactions. Energy conversion. UK. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants.. 2004. Miller. India. 5. J. Diffusion. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light.E. their sources and toxic actions.. and Reid. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts. Gaussian plumes in the air. Turbulent jets and plumes.D. Andrews. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer. Fregoso-Infante. trophic level. photosynthesis.. P. Reducing the transmission of sound. G.. Turbulent diffusion. COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter. 2005. 3. Active control of sound. interaction of light with matter. T. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems. J. Canada. B.Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry.J. Germany. 2008. Conversion of mass.M.S. Ozone and UV light. Nuclear energy. J.E. Environmental Chemistry. Solids. Energy. M. Fundamentals of aquatic.. P. Environmental Science. Liss. Banerji Prentice Hall of India. and Singh. Jickells. Recommended Books: 1. Blackwell Science. Heat radiation and heat transfer. Isotopes and radioactive decay. Human perceptions and noise criteria. Jones and Barlett. Measurement and comparison of the 22 . Fate of pollutants in environment. Brimblecombe. Liquids and Gasses. atmospheric and soil chemistry. Springer.. 2004. Electromagnetic radiation. Thomson-Brooks. 4. Entropy. Environmental impact of various industries. Hernandez-Esparza... 2. K. USA. Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics. 1999. Global climate and climatic change.T. C. Turbulence. Particle physics. Basic acoustics. Girard.G. Radioactivity and nuclear physics. Samir.. its causes and adverse effects on environment. 2nd Edition.

Boeker. 2. Economic Development. Introductory Environmental Physics. Routledge. Pakistan economic context: National income. economic welfare and difference among all. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods. UK. E. 7th Ed. economic growth. Guyot. Course Outlines Introduction to economics. John Wiley and Sons Inc. and Pandis. Measures for sustainable development. USA. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. economic progress. New York. Economic functions of environment. Smith. poverty. Yusuf. Todaro.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. Producer behavior. 2006. concepts and measurement. S.. Field visit. economic growth and its measurement. J. World Bank Publications.Economic development. 4. Recommended Books: 1. Sustainable development. R. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development. and Van Grondelle. 2008. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter. M.1998. Growth and development. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. Kentucky USA. Wesely Publishers. Economic management and environmental quality. Environmental economics. Natural resources and the economy. USA. interaction between ecology and economic management. USA. C. USA. Man environmental relationship. and Resource allocation. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. 2. Growth and Environment. H. Recommended Books: 1. P. 2008. G. 23 . Physics of the Environment and Climate. Impact of economic activity on environment. 2001. Praxis publishing. N. COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. 3. population and environmental quality. Environmental Physics. John Wiley and Sons Inc. 2001. producer and community point of view. S. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. Seinfeld.

its fundamental concepts. species. the ethics of soil.. Hanley. ethics and ecology. DeVeer. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. 2002. Environmental philosophy and ethics. Palgrave Macmillan. Russell. C.3. concepts and approaches. and systems ecology. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale. England. biogeography. J. USA. 2008. A History of Western Philosophy.V. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology. levels of ecological organization. Ecosystem and its types. B. B. Kessinger Publishing. Course Outlines Introduction. COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure .. Introduction to ethical theory. Farmington Hills. community and ecosystem.. M. population. London. D. 2. 2009. International Thomson Publishing. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy.A. Recommended Books: 1. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy. role of light. Touchstone Books. community. R. Economics. branches of ecology. 3. 24 . World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. 4. Environmental Critics of agriculture.. LLC. & Pierce. 2008. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. 2007. J. Callicott. WCIV7AA. Ecology. World Bank Publications. soil. Shogren. B. Portland 1967. Swift. description of population. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy.A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems. water. temperature. Frodeman. N. 4. Natural philosophy. and White. USA. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice.

2001 5. agricultural and industrial ecosystems. Populations. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea. Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. 1st Ed. Thomson Brooks/Cole. Lab Work 25 . energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. Chapman. aero-microbiology and food microbiology. and S. Ecosystem: structure and function. Tata McGraw-Hill. 2. M. J. 1992.topography and air as ecological factors. with special emphasis on their environmental impact. Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. Microbiology of terrestrial environments. New Delhi. M J. N. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. After completion of this course. role and application of microorganisms in the environment. plant geography and animal distribution. productivity of different ecosystems. 5th Ed. Fundamentals of Ecology. 2000. COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment. population dynamics. M C J 1st ed. habitat and niche. Dash. B. UK. Ecology (concepts and applications. bacteria and eukarya. 1999 4.Cox. Ecology (principles and applications). UK. Biogeochemical cycles of C. New York. Biomes of the world. Population distribution and abundance. students will be able to understand the significance. Odum.L and Reiss. WCB/McGraw-Hill. Cambridge University Press. 6th Ed. Microbial metabolism. landscape ecology. G. Recommended Books 1. biotic factors. landscape changes and their importance. C.W. Concepts of Limiting factors. P. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach).) Moles. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems. J. and More. aquatic microbiology. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. characteristics of urban. E P. C. Systems ecology. various concepts of community. and Barett. 3. ecological modeling. King’s College London. 2004. Fundamentals of Ecology. community dynamics. distribution limits.

USA. M.. Marine & Industrial pollution. Understanding Environmental Pollution. 2005. 2. and Gerba. P.J. Washington DC. L..F. Prentice Hall. isolation. Harley. Cambridge UK. Butterworth-Heinemann. Collection.P. purification and preservation. 4. Recommended Books 1. Sylvia. USA. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water.L. Fate of Environmental Pollutants. Microbiology. C.. (Elsevier) USA. A. Mean plate count. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual.P. Crawford. R.V. 1995. London. Noise.J. J. 5.and Vesilaind. Environmental Microbiology. D. J. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel. 2002. F. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution... UK. Knudsen.M.and Brendecke. Soil. 2005. 2 Edition. transportation & treatments.A. Weiner. Effects of Pollutants. Pepper. Hartel.B.C. 2007.I.. 3.. Solid Waste generation. its sources and their effects. 2009.W.Gerba. L. W. Case Studies. Recommended Books: 1. Environmental Pollution and Control. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal. and Jeffery. McInernery.P. Dilution plate technique. 26 .K. Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents.J. and Klein.L.J. G.J. P.. McGraw Hill Inc. Human & other living organisms. Academic Press. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic. Maier..M. D. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally. American Society for Microbiology. 2nd Edition. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines. peppor. 3.D. and Zuberer. Prescott. J. Manual of Environmental Microbiology. USA. Hill. International Protocols (BASAL Convention). Types of Environmental pollution: Air. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution. Academic Press.M.Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection.G.A. Hurrst..R. USA. M. 4th Edition. Academic Press.. nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology.L. Pollution Control Strategies. C. I. Fuhrmann. 2005. USA. New Jersey.1998. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution. and Stetzenbach.. D.A.. Peiece. 2. Water. R. Cambridge University Press.

Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). The climate of Pakistan. global circulation.. Lawrance K. Austin Miller. John Wiley and Sons. Cloud Classification. 27 . Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere. Climatology. Shamshad. Lutgens. Methods of psychology. 2.. N. K. 1988.From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . Factors affecting air Pressure. 1992. The Atmosphere. Environmental psychology. Solar radiations. climatic zones of Pakistan.M. COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications. A. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment. A brief historical background and schools of psychology. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere. processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. Karachi. Cambridge University Press. 4. John H. 2002. Sadder. local winds. The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan. American Public Health Association (APHA). 3. Recommended Books: 1. Mechanism of heat transfer. Surface winds.E. 2003. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology. Radiation and climate. condensation and cloud Formation. 2006 5. Heat and the Earth's atmosphere.J. Tarbuck.4. Weather and Climate.2nd Editions. Royal book company. The Hydrologic cycle. Houghton J. Four Spheres of the Earth. Pandis.W. COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems. .F. Spyros. The Physics of Atmospheres.. 6th Edition. 5.K. Marcel Dekkar. air pressure.. Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided.

basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. P. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species. 5th Edition. M. Recommended Books: 1. solar radiation and primary production. Pollution control through Ecology. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives. Water as an ecological resource. threats and mitigation. Routledge. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan.W.. CRC Press. COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. Fisher J. 1992. techniques and methods of restoration. soil resources of Pakistan. Environmental perception and cognition. High population density and psychological impacts. and Baum A. sustainable agriculture. 2001. Sustainable livestock management practices. concepts. Fundamental of Psychology. Sustainable agricultural practices. 28 . CRC Press. Bell. London. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. Water and distribution of species. London. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change. Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. Future water scenario of Pakistan. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. Routledge. Soil as a natural resource. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. limitation of irrigated agriculture.A. rivers.C. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine. Greene.characteristics and research methods. Eysenck. T. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture. Restoration of derelict lands. soil salinity and water logging. species response to pollutants. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. their management and ecological restoration. Course Outline Introduction.. soil erosion and conservation. Ecology of food production. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. Environmental Psychology.D. energy and carbon balance. Background and scope. Ecological restoration. 2. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. carbon dioxide and global climate change.

Potentiation and Addition. J. Islamabad. J. B. G. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms. A. on human and other living organisms..National Book Foundation. biological effects. Falk. water and soil. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. 2000 2. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. in vivo & in vitro assays. Mumtaz. 2006. K. E.P. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents. Studies in Pakistan Geography. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management.1998. 5. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. 3. 4. Immunological considerations in toxicology. toxicity screening using microbial systems. Island Press. University of Peshawar. 5th Edition. Foundations of Restoration Ecology. Thomson Brooks/Cole. USA. R. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic. dose response relationship in living organisms. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications. Organs. Peshawar.Recommended Books: 1. and Memon. Fundamentals of Ecology. 29 . COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals. 1989.W. Synergism. from natural and anthropogenic sources.. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. toxins vs toxicants. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. 2004. Oxford. Blackwell Scientific Publications.A. Odum E. Israr-ud-Din. Soil Science. Lahore. Toxicity: Types and its measurement. Chemical interactions and their types. and Hobbs. Shirkat Gah. 1996. Rashid. K and Habib. toxins & toxicants. terminologies: Poisons. soil and air samples. P. toxicology of chemicals. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system. Determination of chemicals in biological samples. Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History. Newman. and Barett. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water. their containment and control strategies. Margaret A. Determination of Interaction of chemicals.I. A. 2nd ed.. D. Pakistan’s Environment. Zedler. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways.S..

3. Vol. Ecological: ecological zones. pollution control-a general model. 1st Edition. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann. Macmillan Press Ltd. industry.D. W. 1st Edition. General and Applied Toxicology. 1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development.Recommended Books 1. M. COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development. USA. Course Outlines Introduction. Hughes. State of the Environment-Pakistan . 3. Government of Pakistan.M. McGrawhill. water resources. major ecosystems.Science of Poisons . the economy and the environment. USA. land. B. 1992.).. P. health. economic development and the environment. the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements. 1996. Environmental Profile of Pakistan. T and Turner. culture. First and Second law of Thermodynamics. CRC Press Llc.2005 2. 1993. 2005 2. clean development mechanism. urbanization and pollution. geography. (ed.1 & 2. topographic zones. Course Outlines Introduction to history. measuring environmental benefits. Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. Klassen. international trade and the environment. USA. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis. economic aspects of different environmental problems. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York. the economic benefits of different environmental resources. Recommended Books 1. people. Recommended Books: 30 . W. education. Ballantyne. Economic: agriculture. Williams. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement. 5th Edition.

Peverill.D. and F. Standard solutions and standard curves. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin. Johns Hopkins University Press. 3. Analytical techniques for soil. Data interpretation for quality control. Biomarkers in environmental assessment. COD. A..J. preparation and storage. Freeman & Co. Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH. Conductivitymetry. soil (NPK and organic matter contents.W. Thomson and Brooks. I. Kolstad. BOD. 3. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve. 2005. and derived S.K. 1993. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. C. Lab Work S. Reuter. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive. precision and accuracy. Collingwood. NO3–N & NH4-N). K. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual. Fluoride. All Solids. Harris.and Field.C. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. water and plant analysis. Conductivitymetry.. Oxford University Press.K.UK. units. Turner. New York. 2. 31 . Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery. 8th Edition. M. Titrimetery. Environmental Economics: An Introduction. Holler.. D. Sample preservation methods. L. Use of Potentiometery. Titrimetery. M.2002. handling.A. Sample collection.. USA. salinity & sodicity). Field. and Batemen. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction. J. D.I.. Gravimetery. C. 1999.2004.L. Australia. 2. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling. CSIRO Publ. COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Environmental Economics. 6th Edition.I. 2003.. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples. B. Recommended Books: 1. Pearce. Gravimetery. Spectroscopy and Chromatography. D. 2000. Sparrow and D. West. D.R. Skoog. Oxford.1. 4.

COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 . D. 2. Tools in environmental biotechnology.). 2007. USA. National Biotechnology Commission. PCR. Government of Pakistan. Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques. J. National Biosafety Guidelines.COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments. Hans- Joachim. 3. Sambrook. Wiley-VCH Verlag. New York. 4. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures.P. Derbre. purification and preservation of DNA. J. USA. Biosensor. Germany. Recommended Books 1. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns.. Introduction to microbial kinetics. and Russel. 2005. organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution.W. (ed. A. Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems. Biotechnology. Oxford University Press. Scragg. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms. and Josef.D. USA. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. New York. England. Chichoster. 2009. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. 2001. Bioreactors. J.. 2005. Recombinant DNA technology. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd. 2nd Ed. Environmental Biotechnology. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques. Smith. Cambridge University Press. and application of biotechnology in the environment.E.1999. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment. W. Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants. After completion of this course. Course Outlines Introduction. Isolation. 5th Ed. students will be able to understand the significance.

Preparation of thematic maps. Jensen. Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. Image Processing. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1. A. 2009. 2008. Interpretation. Cartography. Different types of maps. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). Mc Graw Hill Education. Z. COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . Using and reading GPS in field. eradication of the duplicated data. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. Inc. 3. Introduction to Photogrammetry. Data acquisition. F. Energy Sources. Lulla. analysis and output. 2000. A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. John Wiley and Sons. R. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission. 5. Guilfoud press New York. K and L. Agriculture. Campbell. Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. Introduction to GIS. Harvey. Aerial photography. 4. advantages and limitations of process. Data entry and output. Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. Active and Passive remote sensing. V. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). Fishery and wildlife. Pearsons Education. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. Inc. 2. history and platforms. 1999.Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. Types of data used in GIS. integration of information from many sources. Dessinov. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. 2000. John Wiley and Sons. map projection and coordinate systems. Rancez. Forestry. Satellite Imageries. Inc. History and data collection. Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape.

Course Outlines Introduction. cleaner technologies. Conservation of biodiversity. alpha and beta diversity. Environmental Management Systems Principles. economic. social and ethical values of biodiversity. principles of Cleaner production.2nd Ed. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. A. M.. Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. Systems and Support Techniques. Sheldon. ecological. 2006.. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production. M. philosophical. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. Michigan. etc. 4. Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles. hot spots of biodiversity. 2001.This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). 1998. American Society for Quality. International Organization for Standardization. types of biodiversity. B. F.. standards and guidelines. 2005. Environment and sustainable development. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS). Related Environmental legislation. Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1. 2. need and approach. threats to biodiversity. Methods of environmental protection. Khan.3rd Edition . animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan. 34 . COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. WWF Pakistan. 3.C. Environmental Economy. and Yoxon.). eco-design. and Qasim. American Society for Quality. plant. threats to biodiversity and its conservation. Environmental aspects and impacts. Certification of EMS. Environmental Management tools. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management.

forests. role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. field custody. Saad Printers. presampling requirements/information. air. Preservation methods including pH control. chemical addition. national and international laws and regulations.e. Rawalpindi. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring. conservation strategies. in-situ and ex-situ conservation. role of traditional knowledge in conservation. 35 . design and types of samples. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques. croplands.conservation at species. Considerations. Publ. A Primer for Conservation Biology. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. water. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i. management. community and ecosystem level. Z. conservation and livelihood. 2000. EIA requirement. quality control sampling. refrigeration and freezing methods. NOC for plant operation. protected areas. P. 3.B. conservation in man-made ecosystems. Lahore). Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures. their categories. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment. habitats. Course Outlines Introduction.B.R. Sunderland. Recommended Books: 1. C.D. 2000. Biogeography. international agreements. Kings College. ecotourism.. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme. Associates Inc. P. Cox. Sinauer. plants. soil and living organisms. Quality assurance and quality control. quality assessment. Legal protection of species. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes. and Morre. 1998.B. sampling and design purposes. population. laboratory custody. London. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan.. Lab Work Sampling techniques (air. Mirza. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing. 2. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan. Conservation of wildlife.. 2ndEd. cities.

USA. L. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data. 3. Murai. phenological changes. (eds. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts. biological. Earth Observation of Global Change. R. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. The Measurement of Climate Change. Air Pollution and Acid Rain. UK. (ed) Springer. 1992. agriculture. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. 2008. Patterns in Winds and Pressure. 2. 2008. COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change. Remote Sensing Note. Moisture in the Atmosphere. D. USA.. and Guethner. I. E. S. S. Precipitation. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention. Tokyo. Environmental Chemistry. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. Forstner U. Human responses to potential climate change. 5. and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change. 2002. 2002. D. Korte. and social factors contributing to climate and global change.USA. Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change. Keith. USA. Lewis Publisher London. Manahan. Burden..Recommended Books: 1. its causes and effects. McKlivie. Chapman and Hall. human health. Recent Climate Change Indicators. F. chemical. altered community structure. H.) McGraw-Hill. 2000. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. extinctions. N. regional.1999. Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. Regional droughts and 36 . Japan Association on Remote Sensing. Energy and Temperature. 7. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course. Chuviero. Ozone depletion.1996. 2nd Edition. E. New York. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide. Peakall. . Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate. 6. Physical. 8.

Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment.T. Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2). 2005. D. T. London. and Solutions. 5.. principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society. Earthscan Publication Ltd. Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts.. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. and Chadwick. and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction. 6. 2. public involvement. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels. Recommended Books: 1.. Houghton. Global Change and the earth system. EIA project management. Keith. Climate Change . decision-making to implement the project.. Climate Change . overview. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan. J. Petts. 2000.). scoping. liquid. J. Effects. National Book Foundation. Cost and benefits of EIA. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press.A. Effects. Hardy. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. project implementation and follow up. Blackwell. Hardy. Sringer. EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan.Causes. law. A. J.. Types & Resources to produce Energy. social impact assessment (SIA). J. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems. Global Warming and Climate Change.Causes. Islamabad. 2005. solids. 2. Islamabad.cataclysmic climate change. R. London. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. impact analysis. 2004. 4. screening.O. & Nixon. 37 . John Wiley & Sons. reporting. Main stages in EIA process.. Ministry of Housing and Works. Routledge. and Solutions. 3. and noise. 1st Edition. mitigation and impact management. 3. Glasson. 2003. 2005.(ed). Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice. 4. 1999. COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project. J.. Oxford. 2003. (ed. review of EIA quality. A. Harrop. 1994. John Wiley & Sons. role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. Recommended Books: 1. Therivel. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. 1986.

occurrence and distribution of natural resources. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. effective management. methodologies. (ed. threat and its causes. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. 1993. Evans. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy. Everitt. solar power.. COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification.. requirement. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources. S. Lohani.. B. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies. EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual. Goldsmith.. Recommended Books: 1. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level. M. process and contents of the management plan. best available option for future. Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. forest types and its existing management. Watershed management: Importance basic principles. Ludwig. agriculture products and their share in GDP. 2002. J. USA. importance. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. their pros and cons.5. existing management approaches. and Tu. limitation in the future. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. United Nations Environment Programme.). Conservation in Progress. B.. management options. John Willey & Sons. 2nd Edition.B and Warren. wind power and nuclear power. national agriculture policy. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area.. Rangeland Management: existing status. & McCabe. Asian Development Bank. their current status and threats. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources. R. Types. wildlife census. H. national example. problem in agriculture. F. management options. 38 . Carpenter. national and provincial legislation. New York. threats. A. causes and methods for its improvement. 1997.. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia. Development of Management Plan: needs. R. agriculture chemicals. Sadler. 6. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level.

Methodology. Bibliography. London. Interviews.Amsterdam. Scientific Methods. 1984. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data. to introduce students to research design. Scientific Research: Science. 4. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). W. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. S. J. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1.E. Objectives.E. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods. John Wiley & Sons.A pre-requisite for Research. research methods.. 5. Elsevier. Material Methods. & Plano Clark. Questionnaire. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design. Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf. Inference based on findings. Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison). Hansen. GOP and IUCN. Research Design & Research Methods. Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. Sage CA. Islamabad. Case Studies. population and sampling frames. 39 . Review of Literature. and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research. concepts and terminologies. Surveys. Research Proposal: its importance . New York.L.F. Environmental Conservation. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. Sampling: the logic of sampling. and Jorqensen. Selecting the Research Method. Review of Literature. Creswell. R. 1990. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice.2. 1992. 3. How to put things together? Introduction.1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study. Search Engines. P. Literature Search: Database. V. types of sampling design/. 2007. Experimental Research. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem. USA. Dasmann. Thousand Oaks. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically.

Robert Yin. Marilyn F. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules. and Arhonditsis. Babbie. National Environmental Policy 4. Booth. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans. 1989. 2003. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. Sage Publishers. Belmont California. The Craft of Research by Wayne C. 3. M. England. 2001 and the rules of business made there under. USA. 1997. 2003. Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation. Moriarty. 2000. 6.. Chichester. S. Law Books House. Students project in Environmental Science. John and sons Ltd. Qadar. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 . 2008. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act. SNBP Local Government Ordinance.Batty.. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan. R.Harrad. E.. of Chicago Press. 3rd Edition. Survey Research Methods. 1997.USA. Government of Pakistan 3. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance. G. Diamon. 2001. National Conservation Strategy 5.S.h. Univ. Recommended Books: 1. Writing Science Through Critical Thinking. USA.. 2. 5. Wadsworth Publishing Company. 2nd Edition. 4.2. regulations made there under.

This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.

Course Outline
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations

Recommended Books:
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45


3 (3-0)

The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.

Course Outlines

Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste

Recommended Books:
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46



To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)

Course Outlines
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.

Recommended Books:
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,

5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.


). Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization. Ahmed. Mirajuddin Publication . 3. The Politics of Managing Water. groundwater exploitation. Oxford University Press New Delhi. Indus Water Accord 1991. N. Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia. fisheries management.. hydrological cycle. U. Bengali. 2006. pollution aspects.. Recommended Books: 1. P. water quality and quantity aspects. Ahmed. tubewells. Pakistan . like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. 5. virtual water. Mirajuddin Publication . with drinking water facilities like springs. 6. Pakistan. watershed/catchment. improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency.. I. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry.K. flood and droughts. 2.. Revised & enlarged edition.. Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant.. 44 . 2003. (ed. Islamabad. 4. and Tortajada. climate change and its impacts on our future water resources. it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects. Oxford University Press Karachi. O. J. A. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan. and Malik.E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan.. Biswas. Lahore. integrated water resources management (IWRM). C. SDPI Oxford University Press. Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT). water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan.1993. R. wetlands resources management. Asia Printer. Cheema. recycling and re-use of wastewater. N. Groundwater Resources of Pakistan. Khan. A. Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. and Qamar. K. (eds.). 2005. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. Course Outlines Water resource and its management. 2006.Lahore. R. A. flood and drought management. precipitation distribution in Pakistan. Briscoe. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment.Varis. water supply and demand management measures. 1993. Islamabad.

humans as components of urban ecosystems.. R. D. Prentice Hall. Gardiner. the salient features of urban environments. 2008. N. Soil degradation. Urban ecosystem. residential mobility and the neighborhood change.T. Types and properties of parent materials. USA. soils. USA. USA. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations. 1. Upper Saddle River. 2007. Definition. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. and Bantel. urban landscapes characteristics. PrenticeHall. 1996. urban settlements. hydrological processes. NJ. transport. R. Bashir.W. Urbanization. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. National Book Foundation. 11th Edition. urbanization in Pakistan.R. future of urban centers.. Course Outlines Introduction. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. Upper Saddle River. Soils in Our Environment. Soil Science. Causes of urbanization. Pakistan. urban flora and fauna. 2007. CA. R. Physical and chemical properties of soil.C. Islamabad. Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils. San Diego. D. urban political ecology. management and green productivity. Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. Soil forming minerals. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. Process and outcome. urban patterns and ecosystem functions. Miller. NJ. Factors and processes of soil formation.E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. Hillel. After completion of this course. E. Brady. 45 . and Weil. Academic Press. Cation and anion exchange. Course Outlines Introduction. Forms of urbanization. Soil buffering capacity and its importance. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization.

M. Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments. 1. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems.. D. UK. nature and purpose of urban planning. 4. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area.1990. Land use planning theories. USA. Silberstein. 3. The Ecology of Urban Habitats. 2004. SAGE Publications Ltd.Recommended Books: Urban Ecology. O. Planning and Urban Change. 2006. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability. 2000.. Aims and Objectives of planning. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. Principles of planning. J. USA. New York.S. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development.. UK. A. SBS academic publishing. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. 2. UK. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans. 2. I. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level. Levels of planning. 1989.L. Routledge. Planning and its relationship with other professions. H. Hough. 2009. The planning process.. Kate.and Kowaril. Hague. 2007. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city. Springer. London. V. 2004. Penguin Group. Sukopp. Justification for planning for city management. Alberti. New trends in planning and city management. 5. Ward. C. E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. CRC Press LLC. M. Elements of urban planning. Chapman and Hall. Scope. London. Hejny. nd 2 Edition. Planning theories and concepts. 46 . Smith.. S. UR. City Design for Sustainable Development. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation.and Maser. The Works: Anatomy of a City. Gilbert. Routledge. Types of Urban Plans. Recommended Books: 1. S.

Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research. Kates. E&UA Div. 1993.. New York.J. Islamabad. Flooding. R. 2nd Edition.UNESCO. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies. Hazards.. 4. Paris. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum. Earthquake. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. H. Westview Press. and Woodrow. Disaster Management: Components of management. New York. Physical factors. and White G. 3. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures.. Role of Media in Disaster Management. Landslide. Socio-economic factors. Natural Disasters Alexander. Manila...B.. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). It discusses a wide range of aspects. Techniques and methods to assess hazard.. Boulder .F. It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. International phenomenon. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms. Different approaches and Indicators. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N.3. G. 47 . The Environment as Hazard Burton I. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies. ADB. 1993. D.W. Introducing Town Planning. Cultural factors. The Guilford Press. Disaster as an opportunity for development. Clara. Earthquake Management. Ministry of Housing and Works. Political factors.e. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. 1989. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors. P. M. Chapman & Hall. Prediction. Disaster Management Trainings and Policies.. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters. Longman Group. Recommended Books: 1. i.W. 1986. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies. Flood Management: Organizational Role. UK. 2. 1991. 4. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches. Government of Pakistan. Natural cycles and their role. 1993. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization.

W. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources. Consumer and producer relationship. biomass resources. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life.L. John Wiley and Sons. Quorum Books. alternate energy resources. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals. local.. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. 1984. 4th Edition. Westport. USA. hydropower. R. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers. Biotic structure. M. and Yonavjak.5. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources. 3. sustainable energy management. Sustainable livestock management. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem. Perry R. 48 . Paris. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. A. Course Outlines Energy-development and environment. decomposers. Botkin. and Mushkatel. OECD/IEA. Farming practices for pests and weeds control. primary producers. Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem.B and Keller. Ecological concept in crop and food production. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America.M. consumers. E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment. uses. merits and demerits of wind. Phytoremediation and bioremediation. Agroecology.H. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. McKinney. Deforestation for agricultural purposes. energy resources of Pakistan. F.C. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems. 6.. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. solar. 2. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources. Disasters and Development Cuny. 1983. L. Schoch. 6th Edition. 1. D. 2001. energy resources. types.A.. 2007. 2007. New York. E.

Corol.Determination of density and abundance of plant species. Boulder. C. New Delhi. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species. E-11 Seminar 49 . CBS Publishers and Distributors. P. Recommended Books: 1. USA. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity. Experimental Plant Ecology. R. Kapur.G. USA. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture. and Sudha. 2000. 1990. 2.Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram. McGraw Hill Publishing Company. Study of index of diversity.M. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity. Agrocology. Altreri.A.P. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species.H. New York. 3.R.. and Rossel. Study of stratification and profile diagram. M. 1995. Westview Press. Yandermeer J. India.

The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization. 3. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions. The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines. 4. it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor. that: 1. The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science. 50 . The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme. 2. availability of the faculty and other facilities. the Committee agreed on the following principles. 5.

2. 6. 9. 14. 19. 26. 11. 21. 17. 3. 23. 15. The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. 11. 25. 2. 10. 5. 4. Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. 8. 12. 20. 3. 9. 12. 24. 16. 6.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1. 7. 4. 5. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 . Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 13. 22. 18. 7. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. 10. 8.

2nd Edition. 1991.1995. Mackenzie. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment. Karachi. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall. 4. Instruments and methods.A. and Bell.. Hansen. 1987. and Jorqensen. Amsterdam. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. Regional and International Environmental Issues. S. Ball. P. 2. COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management. D. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan.E. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. Elsevier. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan. Money. Mackenzie J. 3.. S.DETAILS OF M. London. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Relationship of culture. London Black Stone Press Ltd.F. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems. FURTHER READINGS 1. 52 . NCS. Conservation Strategies. Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management. 1992. Environmental control Policies. development of concepts. Conventions and Protocols in Global. status of Terrestrial. Geography of Pakistan.1991.. GOP and IUCN. Oxford University Press. Recommended Books: 1. Draft National Environmental Policy..T. Treaties. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling. Islamabad. 2. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan. Hodder and Stoughton.E. S. Environment People and Economy.1994. 3.. F. Provincial and Local Strategies. Khan K. Oxford University Press. Carrying capacity and sustainable development. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences.1994.S. WCS. technology and resource use.

C. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements. Environmental Chemical Analysis.COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction. Ed. sample collection and preservation. Longman Scientific and Technical. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). opportunities and issues. A one Publishers Lahore. UK. Chichester. Gas Chromatography etc. Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. Air and Solid Waste. 2. FURTHER READINGS 1. Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. DC. ed. Harlow Essex. ecological impact assessment. D. Assessment of environmental impacts. John Wiley & Sons. England. 2. History. Principles of physical. Wood. role and importance. COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. 1995. Wastewater. process. Greenberg (American Public Health Association). 3. 1995. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. economic impact assessment.. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. K. social impact assessment. Cost benefit analysis of projects. Sectoral guidelines for EIA. WB. A. Longman House. Environment Department. procedures and methods of EIA. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants. Recommended Books: 1. 53 . Demographic impact assessment.A. Government of Pakistan. Burnt Hill.Vanclay. Ministry of Environment. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. World Bank. Case Studies and review. F & Bronstein. sampling rules. Environmental auditing. 1993. Washington. Recommended Books: 1. Environmental and Social Impact assessment. Ahmed.

1992. 1st Ed. T. USA. economic evaluation. Project Initiation. J.. S. and Wright.. Nebel.COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project. New York. means of verification. 2001. Government Policies and Programs. T. Basic Environmental Health. air borne. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. Accident prevention and safety plans. Planning Commission Performas. Yassi. work breakdown structure. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Resource Mobilization. Primary health care services. R. de Kok. A. T. UK. T. Ergonomic and Safety. 54 . Inc. M. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. Occupational Health: problems and issues. Wiley Interscience. Environmental Health Engineering. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. 4. John Wiley and Sons. Public health concept. Defining Project objectives. safety techniques. Writing Project Proposal. Project Planning and Approval Processes. feasibility study. indicators. 2. Prentice Hall International Inc. prevention and control. Project Planning.. development objectives. Oxford University Press New York.. outputs. USA. Kjelllström. R. Need identification. MS Project Recommended Books: 1. activities. 1997. communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne. 5. Park. principles and practices. 1993. food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. London. Lippmann. L.2000... Mantel s. J. Reasons for Project success or failure. 1st ed. Project Management: A Managerial Approach. inputs. A Guide to Project Management. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). Participatory project monitoring and evaluation.. 2002. Van Nostrand and Reinhold. M/S Banarsid. K. COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems. Project Management Institute. 3. 2. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic.. 2nd Ed. 1st Ed. Caeneross. Project Life Cycle. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. and Guidotti.. 1998. B. Meredith J. specific objectives. Recommended Books: 1. assumptions.

types. energy resources of Pakistan. Switzerland. D. energy resources.A. Paris. Principles of cleaner production. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms.COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. Schoch. OECD/IEA. solar. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management. transport. industry and domestic sectors. 2007. 2. 2007. E. Michigan-January 2001. M. USA. R. D. L. 4.. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan.B and Keller. alternate energy resources. 1990b. Sayre. ISO Central Secretariat. Related Environmental regulations. merits and demerits of wind.L. 3. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. sustainable energy management for agriculture. uses. 3. 1998. John Wiley and Sons. Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. Sources of data. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. 2. and Yonavjak. principles and elements of the process of EMS. 2001. bio-energy resources. Paris. Botkin. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal. hydropower. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Environmental auditing. Recommended Books: 1. ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family. 55 . UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). 6th Edition. data collection and interpretation. McKinney. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources.M. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Recommended Books: 1. Environmental Auditing. St Luise Press. petroleum. 4th Edition. nuclear) local. non-renewable and renewable. gas.

Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. water resources. UK. global aspects of plant ecology. Maarel. 1st Edition. Hardy. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics. climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. B & Jager. The Green House Effect. John Wiley & Sons. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. geographical and temporal patterns. & Charlesworth. Shulze. 2004. T. 1. ED. E & Muller-Hohenstein. Oxford.). Berlin. Hardy. London. Blackwell Publishing. Climate Change . vegetation dynamics. etc. Houghton. 3. management and restoration. Modeling of climate change. Recommended Books: 1. D. Plant Ecology. 3. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. and Solutions. Oxford UK. human activities and vegetation dynamics. J. Introduction to Plant Population Biology. 4. plant invasions. Vegetation Ecology Ed.COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. 2003. K. 2. Green House Gases. survival and extinction. and Solutions. Effects. Climate Change . Blackwell Publishing.D. J. Silvertown. (Ed.Causes. John Wiley & Sons. Beck. Life history strategies of plants. 2003.. 2005.Causes. UK 1991. E.. Species richness. Earthscan Publication Ltd. Climate change and food production. types and their climatic effects. Chichester. COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. Warrick.T. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. 2005. Springer. 56 . 2005. ECOPE 29. resources and plants. competition and coexistence. plant conservation. D. John Wiley & Sons. J. types of climate change models. Climate Change and Ecosystems. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. forests. 2005. Recommended Books: 1. Effects. 2. 5. Plant population dynamics.

2004. Oxford. COURSE 11 WILDLIFE. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation. Conserving Living Natural Resources. Bailey. Oxford. John Wiley And Sons. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. 2002. kinds. K. Blackwell Publsihing.L. habitats and ecosystems.J. FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. problems and solutions. 57 . Extinction of species.G. S.B. 1973 2.A. their importance. 1984. Forests. types. Oxford University Press.D. Recommended Books: 1. S. biological diversity. And Bolen. its causes. Sinauer Assocaites. T. deforestation and its control. 4. 1992. Oxford University Press. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. London. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity. Primack. their ecological and economic importance. Publishers Sunderland. UK. Consumptive. types. Essentials of Conservation Biology. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity. distribution. II). Oxford. UK. T. Principles of Wildlife Management. Oxford University Press. 3. Participatory forest management. 2. distribution and management. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali. management. Loss of biodiversity. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management. Roberts. Recommended Books: 1. Wetlands. W. distribution. Mcmillan. Protected areas. I). Wildlife of Pakistan.J. Roberts. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol.J. Forest plantations. Threatened animals and plants. Rangeland management. 5. Protection and restoration of species. status. Cambridge.) Gaston. Weddell. B. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan. Cambridge.COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction. Biodiversity: An introduction. Establishment and management of protected areas. J. Protected areas in Pakistan. Global and national biodiversity. 2002. their types and role in conservation. 1998. E. threats and conservation. Cambridge University Press. R. 3.(2nd Ed. Sustainable forest management. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. 1986.J. & Spicer. Inc. Status of forests in Pakistan. Wildlife Ecology and Management. & Ripley. USA. J. Robinson.

future of urban centers. USA. H.COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction. CRC Press LLC. 4. Sustainable cities. 58 . Planning and Urban Change. C. 1993. 3. London. SAGE Publications Ltd. management of transport. A. UK.. 2007. UK. V. USA. Silberstein. sanitation. Recommended Books: 1. 1986. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages. Urban planning and management in Pakistan. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. Penguin Group. E&UA Div. urban landscape characteristics. Ward. J. urbanization in Pakistan. Government of Pakistan. 2. Introducing Town Planning. Islamabad. Kate. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. G. Ministry of Housing and Works. 2004. drinking water and solid waste in cities. New York. S. 2000. Environmental problems of urban life..and Maser. urban systems and their characteristics. urban political ecology. Longman Group. Urban land use planning and management.. The Works: Anatomy of a City. Forms of urbanization.. Clara.

Oxford University Press.A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. Martinet.J. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1. Thomson and A. a) Functional English Grammar 1. 1997. Third edition. ISBN 0194313492 59 . Exercises 1.V. Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure.Annexure . Practical English Grammar by A. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase.

unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. b) Practical English Grammar by A. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Thomson and A. Third Impression 1992. minutes of meetings. Writing. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. Fourth Impression 1993. Exercises 2. and speed reading. Third edition. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. Martinet. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. Reading. 1997. intensive and extensive. Reading/Comprehension 1. Oxford Supplementary Skills. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 . Oxford University Press. Oxford Supplementary Skills.J. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content.2. Upper Intermediate.V.

b) Writing 1. Martinet.1. clarity. Fourth Impression 1992. form. narrative. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Advanced. Writing. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Reading. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky.V. discursive. descriptive and argumentative writing). ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 . Writing. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Oxford Supplementary Skills. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. 2. Fourth Impression 1993. introduction to presentations. Thomson and A. content. Third Impression 1991. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. Third edition. 2. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. Third Impression 1992. Advanced by Ron White. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. Oxford Supplementary Skills. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. Oxford University Press 1986. c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. Practical English Grammar by A. Oxford Supplementary Skills. language. Writing.J. Reading 1. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. Exercises 2.

3.(particularly suitable for discursive. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. 2. College Writing Skills by John Langan. 2004. Kathleen Shine Cain. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. Martin’s Press. without taxing the taste of engineering students). Kirszner and Stephen R. descriptive. argumentative and report writing). Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. 62 . Mandell. Compiled by norther Illinois University. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. A Custom Publication. St.

1994. 1999 onward 3. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. Historical Perspective a. Lahore. Mehmood. Ethnicity d. 63 Books Recommended 1. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. 3. 1988-99 f.B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. State & Society in Pakistan. Indus Civilization ii. S. 2. Society and social structure c. Zaidi. Economic institutions and issues b. Karachi: Oxford University Press. contemporary Pakistan. 1971-77 d. Akbar. Study the process of governance. Muslim advent iii. Location and geo-physical features. 1993. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. b. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. 2. . issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. national development. Safdar. Contemporary Pakistan a. government.Annexure . Karachi: Oxford University Press. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. politics. 1977-88 e. 1958-71 c. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. Course Outline 1.M. S. 1947-58 b. ideological background of Pakistan. People and Land i. 4. 2000. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Shahid Javed.

11. 1980. Washington: American Enterprise. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. Pakistan Kayyun Toota.K. Khalid Bin. 1987. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia. History & Culture of Sindh. Aziz. nd. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Pakistan Under Martial Law. Zahid. 12. Lahore: Vanguard. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. Tahir. 6. Wayne. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. Safdar. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. 1980. 14. 64 . Karachi: Royal Book Company. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Muhammad Waseem. 1976. 1993. M. Ziring. K.5. Afzal. Islamabad.. Party. Haq.National Movement in Pakistan. Mehmood. Politics in Pakistan. Enigma of Political Development. 8. 1967. 9. 13. Vol. II & III. 1972. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. I. Wilcox. The Political System of Pakistan.The Emergence of Banglades. Institute of Public Policy Research. Sayeed. Lawrence. 7. Ethno . Rafique. Club Road. 1998. Amin. Ansar. 10. Political Parties in Pakistan. Noor ul.

C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 .A.A. 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.A.57.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.56.Tadabar (Verse No1.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.20) Related to thinking.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.6.A.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.Annexure .

in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt.

Bhatia.S. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. “Studies in Islamic Law. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. Islamabad (2001) 67 . Pakistan. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H.3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. Ahmad Hasan. “Emergence of Islam” .” Hussain Hamid Hassan. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. IRI. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. International Islamic University.

functions. not majoring in mathematics. PWS-Kent Company. 1987. cube roots of unity. 1986. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. introduction to sets. trigonometric identities. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. Cramer’s rule. geometric progression. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. determinants. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). College Algebra and Trigonometry. Boston 68 . set operations. equations reducible to quadratic equations. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. Wooton W. complex numbers. Houghton & Mifflin. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. 1978. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. Boston Swokowski EW. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. harmonic progression.Annexure . types of functions. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. matrix inverse. Sharron S. system of linear equations. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. types. PWS-Kent Company.D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. Beckenback EF. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression.

rational and transcendental functions. integration by substitution. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. Ma. New York Stewart J. integration by parts. change of variables in indefinite integrals. Calculus (11th edition). 69 . Bevens I. not majoring in mathematics. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Reading. Finney AR. continuity. Calculus (3rd edition). 1983. PWS-Kent Company. 1995. parallel and perpendicular lines. left-hand and right-hand limits. John Wiley. distance between two points. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. solution of equations involving absolute values. Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. angle between two lines. derivatives. continuous functions. Recommended Books: Anton H. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function.2. not majoring in mathematics. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. differentiation of polynomial. Boston Thomas GB. Addison-Wesley. inequalities. 2005. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. distance between a point and a line. Davis S. equation of a line. intersection of two lines. 2005. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. slope of a line. functions and their graphs. various forms of equation of a line. USA 3.

Boston Swokowski EW. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. Freshman and Company. equations reducible to quadratic equations. 70 . Matrices: Introduction to matrices. 1987. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. functions. College Algebra and Trigonometry. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). types of matrices. Introduction to sets. determinants. Analytic Geometry. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. ellipse. PWS-Kent Company.Circle: Equation of a circle. Cramer’s rule. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). intersection of lines and circles. locus of a point in various conditions. inverse of matrices. 1986. PWS-Kent Company. types of functions. Scott. circles determined by various conditions. hyperbola. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. Boston 4. system of linear equations. Conic Sections: Parabola. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. nature of roots of quadratic equations. set operations. • Contents 1. 1969 Kaufmann JE. : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics.

E. relationship of statistics with social science. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. PWS-Kent Company. ungrouped and grouped data. Swokowski. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. trigonometric identities. 71 . array. bar frequency diagram histogram. Latest Edition. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. 2. variance.. 4. moments. skewness and kurtosis. tally sheet method. J. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. Measures of dispersion: Range. cumulative frequency curve... standard deviation. Walpole. deciles and percentiles. characteristics of statistics. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines.geometric and harmonic progressions. circle and trigonometric functions. E. Boston. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. Latest Edition. individual. Prentice Hall. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. frequency polygon. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. R. R. Books Recommended: 1. R. 5. Wilcox. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. discrete and continuous series. Kaufmann. types of frequency series. W. Latest Edition. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. 3. quartiles. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data.. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. 2. E. Graphs: Graph of straight line.

Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. integration by inspection. Solution of equations involving absolute values. 6. Thomas. 2. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. Schaum’s Outline Series. 2005. Extreme Values of Functions. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. 5. applications of integration. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. 1999. Hughes-Hallett. Elliott Mendelson. W. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. Continuous Functions. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. Second Edition 1992. E. 6. reduction formulae. • Integration Integration from first principles. logarithmic integration. 4th edition.Jr. Mathews. special points of a function. Recommended Books: 1. McCallum. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . Trigonometric Functions. plane polar coordinates. 4. integration using partial fractions. and Transcendental Functions. substitution method. Calculus. products. H. quotients. Inequalities. Integration by Parts. Bevens. integration by parts. 1983. 2002. sinusoidal function. logarithmic differentiation. Continuity.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. Calculus. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus. 11th Edition. Swokowski. the inverse of differentiation. Anton. Least-Squares Line. Frank A. 3rd Edition. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. John H. Leibnitz’ theorem. integral inequalities. 2005. Prentice-Hall. Rational and Transcendental Functions. 3. Davis. Addison Wesley publishing company. I. implicit differentiation. Boston. 8th edition. theorems of differentiation. Contents 1. S. 2. Inc. Gleason. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. Inc. et al. John Wiley & Sons. Calculus. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. infinite and improper integrals. the chain rule. Slope of a Line. Calculus Single and Multivariable. Rational Functions. Jhon Willey & Sons. Equation of a Line.

alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. series involving natural numbers. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4. approximation errors in Taylor series. modulus and argument. the difference method. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. multiplication. arithmetico-geometric series. geometric series. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. identities of hyperbolic functions. finding the nth roots of unity. solving hyperbolic equations. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. inverses of hyperbolic functions. complex conjugate. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 . transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence.Additions and subtraction.

5. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. symmetric and antisymmetric. vector product. line to line. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. centers of mass and centroids. line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7. of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 . Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. Pappus’ theorems. scalar triple product. point to plane. moments of inertia. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. 6. orthogonal. Hermitian. of a unitary matrix. masses. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. the inner product. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes.

curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products.8. differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. combinations of grad. div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. divergence of a vector field. Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. spherical polar coordinates 75 .

Stem and Leaf Display. sampling with and without replacement. Unit 5. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Statistical problem. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. general procedure for testing of hypothesis.Annexure . acceptance and rejection regions. Errors of measurement. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Collection of primary and secondary data. bias. Exercises. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. Coefficient of variation. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. Discrete and continuous variables. Editing of Data. The Mode.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Change of origin and scale. Absolute and relative measures. Histogram. level of significance. Unit 7. Exercises Unit 6. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Pie chart. Moments and Moments ratios. The Variance and standard deviation. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Standardized variables. definition of outliers and their detection. 76 . Historigram. sampling and non sampling errors. The semi-Interquartile Range. Sources. Range. Types of frequency curves. Rounding of a Number. Unit 4. Median and mode. null and alternative hypothesis. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Significant digits. Graphs and their Construction. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Difference of means and proportions. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. Quantiles. Population. Data. Exercises. Exercises. Observations. Unit 2. probability and non-probability sampling. Exercises. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Empirical Relation between Mean. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. The Mean Deviation. Unit 3. Type-I and Type-II errors. Bar charts. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Different types of Averages. Poisson and Normal Distribution. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Exercises. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. properties of Good Average. Test statistics. Probability and Probability Distributions. Exercises. Diagrams. sample design and sampling frame. Ogive for Discrete Variable. Presentation of Data Introduction. Box and Whisker Plot.

Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. Coefficient of linear correlation. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. Exercises Unit 9. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. 2 Muhammad. “Introduction to Statistics”. Contingency Tables. estimation of parameters and their interpretation.Single Population Introduction. its estimation and interpretation. F. Unit 11. r and R2. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. 1982.. 77 . E. Exercises Unit 10. cause and effect relationships.Unit 8. New York. Inc. 3rd Ed. examples. Regression and Correlation Introduction. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. R. Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. simple linear regression.. Testing of Hypothesis. 2005. Kitab Markaz. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. Exercises. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. Correlation. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. Macmillan Publishing Co.

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