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For BS MS
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………
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universities and other institutions of higher education. Lahore. 2009 at the HEC Regional Center.ALTAF ALI G. It is. The world has turned into a global village. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge. It also aimed to give a basic. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee. dated December 4th 1976. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. and 36. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees.). In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 . the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. DR. R&D organizations. degree awarding institutions. and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. PROF. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. D773/76-JEA (cur. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation. respective accreditation councils and stake holders. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards. therefore.PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses. 63. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30. the Federal Government vide notification No. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration.
OF CURRI. UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRI. OF NCRC. IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. Preparation 5 . REC.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRI. EXP. Abbreviations Used: NCRC. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREP. COL. OF FINAL CURRI. PREP. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I PREP. UNI. OF DRAFT BY NCRC REVIEW IMPLE. LI R&D HEC Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. R&D.
Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. Lahore Member 6. Dr. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2. Dr. Rawalpindi Dr. Rawalpindi Dr. April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head. Karachi from 28-30. Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall.Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre. Following attended the meeting:1. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr. Member 3. Dr. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. Member 4. Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. Member 5. 7. Member 6 .
Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. Dr. Dr. Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. Member 11. Dr. Dr. Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr. Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. Dr. Prof. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9. 7 . Member 10.8. Dr. 13. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr. Member 15. Member 16. Karachi Member 12. Member 14. Prof.
Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. Member 20. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. Islamabad coordinated the meeting. Member 19. Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. Secretary Dr. The meeting was opened by Mr. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science.17. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. Mr. The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. Chairman. Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. 2. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University. Shafiq-ur-Rehman. 8 . Karachi. Dr. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. Faisalabad Member 18. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement. Director of HEC Regional Center. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society. At first. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. 1. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. Mr. Dr.
well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. 2. These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses. 1. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities.3. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development. The committee thanked Mr. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. 3. In last few centuries. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment. The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. 4. 5. The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. 6. The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 .
This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5. Apply theoretical understanding. regional and global contexts. in its preliminary meeting. and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems. 5.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv. This committee. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science. professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii. Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. skills and behaviour patterns. ii. Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 . our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today. Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i.
4. eight semesters in the semester system. Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment. 5. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English. assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science. pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science. 6.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals. 1. that: 1. The 11 . UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles. The medium of instruction. 2. skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes. DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee.e. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level. Integrating natural sciences. 3. with consensus. Sc. The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2. Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature.. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration. A. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3.
Introduction to Computer 14. Environmental Microbiology 21. The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5. Introduction to Earth Science 8. English-II 12. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. Basic Chemistry* 4. Introductory Economics* 17. Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19. Biology –II* 9. Biology –I* 3. Environmental Chemistry 15. Environmental Physics 16. Sociology/Anthropology* 11. Environmental Pollution 22. Psychology* .proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. Introduction to Environmental Science 2. English-III 18. Climatology* 23. Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13. Fundamentals of Ecology 20. English-I 6. SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1.
Environmental Economics 29. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30. Environmental Management Systems 34. Natural Resource Management 40. 44. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28.24. ELECTIVE-III 42. ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37. Environmental Impact Assessment 39. ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43. Opt. 45. Environmental Biotechnology 32. Biodiversity & Conservation 35. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31. Research Methods in Environmental Science 41. Environmental Monitoring 36. Climate Change 38. Applied Ecology 26. Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours . 46. English-IV/ Univ. Environmental toxicology 27. Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25.
• Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical.
L. proteins and nucleic acids. Schoch.DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates. Different aspects of environment: physical. history. McKinney.. 2002. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts.I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life. Recommended Books: 1. current global. philosophical. Thomson Learning.T. ethical. The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms.J. 2007 3. L. its importance in human life. John Wiley & Sons. D. poverty and resource depletion. Major components of environment: physico-chemical. R. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY . development in industry and agriculture. Environmental Science: systems and solutions. Pearson Educational. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future. E.B & Keller. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. biological and social. & Nebel. M. ecological. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society. lipids.A. Wright. socio-economic. 4th Ed. 2007. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth. Human environment and its problems: global. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. national. regional. urbanization. 6th Ed. and their relationships with various environmental factors.M. & Yonavjak. R. 2007. Environmental Science: working with the Earth. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development. environmental pollution. 10th Ed. 2. 15 . Miller. G. B. Botkin. 4..
General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations. Self Assessment and Revie. 1996. Bulter. Plopper. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. Origin of life: chemical evolution. Biology: a Human Emphasis. Molecular Biology through Questions. R.. lipids. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. Lingappa... carboxylic acids. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. USA. R. Ltd.. L. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods. Aromatic compounds. A. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. origin of metabolism. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. Ionic. B. overview of structure and function of cell organelles.Hill International Edition. protobionts. 4. 2003. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. carbonyls. USA. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Cassimeris. Canada. The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc.. M. Crossley. N. and Lewis. proteins. carbohydrates. V. chemical basis of life. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals. 1.Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life. the molecule of genetic information and replication. 2008. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. C. lipids. polypeptides in protein diversity. McGraw. Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell. chemical diversity. coordinate covalent bond. 2007. Cells. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning. Nucleic acids. 5. New York. Study of mitosis in onion root tip. Introduction to cell biology. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa. J. amines). Cell division. E. D. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus. and Whitelaw. The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. Structure and the basis of function. 5th Edetion. 3. 8th Ed. Starr. G. Shier. Australia . 16 . covalent. 2. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin. USA. Wadsworth Group. 2007. Lewis. esters. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. phospholipids in membrane systems.
and Holler.A. Brimblecombe. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula. D. Blackwell Science. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional). Principles of Environmental Chemistry. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. law of Cosines. J.. UK. P. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. Lab Work Preparation of molar. USA. 1st Ed.H. molal. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles. 2.J. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. 5. Freeman and Company. values of trigonometric functions. Thomson and Brooks..ions.. real line. 2004. graphs. 2003. 3. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane.S. Colloids chemistry.. Understanding Environmental Pollution. Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers. Qualitative Chemical Analysis.Special Products (Binomial Expression). UK. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations). 17 . Solution chemistry. Osmosis and Dialysis. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra. 2nd Edition. Liss. Recommended Books: 1. B. angle-sum formula. Jickells. straight line and related concepts. J. West. 2nd Edition.J. Skoog. radicals. 4. 6th Edition. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. Jones and Barlett. Girard. D. P. Algebra of matrices.E. Binomial theorem (Simple applications). Measurement of pH. Thin layer chromatography. normal solutions/buffers. Hill. Harris. USA. coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane. M. Sequence and series: Arithmetic. equations of lines (linear equations). simultaneous equations and their solutions. Andrews. Matrices and Determinants: Matrix. Surface chemistry. Photochemical reactions.. F. and Reid. 2005.M. Cambridge University Press.E. T.. 8th Edition. 2004. geometric and harmonic sequence..D. determinants. Column chromatography. COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences. minor and cofactor of a matrix. EC and TDS in waste water. expansion of determinants. double angle formulas. series and means.K. concepts of six basic trigonometric functions.. Use of spectrophotometric techniques.. W. D.C. 2004. Canada. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry.
Introduction to rocks and minerals.Wesley. plate tectonics. D. irreducible quadratic factors. Trignometry for College students. Earth as a member of solar system. K. Pacific Grove. J. Narosa Publishing House. igneous and metamorphic rocks. G. foliation. Abraham. Recommended Books: 1. age. R. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors. Fossils and their significance. Thomas. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. theorem of integration. 4th Ed. Analytical Geometry. S. Addission. COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure . L.A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure . Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. erosion and related landforms. Chatterjee. theorems on differentiation (sum. weathering and erosion. 4. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions. joints. earthquakes.B.. cleavages.B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. 18 . lineation and unconformities. its origin. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. California. mountain building. earthquakes and volcanoes. New Delhi. Chain rule. 3. different earth processes like mountain buildings. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. by parts integration (simple applications). Introduction to folds. Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography. the processes of their formation. This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals. Smith. Jr. faults. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension. product and quotient rules without derivations). its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. composition and its internal structure. Introduction to sedimentary. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. 10th Ed. and Finney. Scott Foresman and Company.Cramer’s Rule. nonrepeated linear factors. difference. Integration: Formulas of integration. 2. 1999. Weathering.. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation.
G. 2007 2. and Pun.. J. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis. Recommended Books: 1. D. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification.. R. Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water. Biodiversity of hilly areas. E. Physical Geology and Process of Science. F.. Prentice Hall. 19 . crucial for organisms’ sustainability. measuring biodiversity. multicellularity. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants. different classification systems. Foundations of Structural Biology. Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. 4. 5th Edition. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat.. A. 2005. examples of adjustments in varied environment. 3rd Edition.II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution. causes of extinction. modern concepts. J. How Does Earth Work. Brooks/Cole. Biodiversity of deserts. Life in sea. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms. and Monroe. biodiversity crises. R. COURSE 8 BIOLOGY . Lamarckism. Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life. E. interactions among diversified life. D. population loss and decline. Earth Science. Lutgens. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories. protocell formation. consequences of losing biodiversity. Darwinism. Field Study tour. Biodiversity of canal. Lutgens.Identification of rocks and minerals. Prentice Hall. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. 2004. Prentice Hall: 2006. Geological time chart with biodiversity.. J. Use of brunton compass and GPS. Smith.. molecular basis of biodiversity. and Tasa. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species. animals).Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps. K. 9th Edition.. Routledge. Tarbuck. F.. 5. and Tasa. Geographical aspects of biodiversity. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. invasion of life on land.. 11th Edition. 2007 3. unicellularity. G. Wicander. K. Park. Tarbuck.
UK. 2006. 2. power & hegemony. Environmental Risks and the Media.K. 3.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. Adam. L. Townsend. Walnut Creek. 2. Biology. Goals and expectations. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. The Biosphere. Crumley. CA: AltaMira Press. 2nd Edition.E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems. C. Starr. Inc. a Human Emphasis. K. IL:WavelandPress. Blackwell Science Ltd. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology. J. 20 . I. Understanding the environment-human relationship. (editors). Gaston. 3. Prospect Heights. John Wiley and Sons. (editor). P. Nora and Wilk. 3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment. Routledge. Tripartite nature of environment. 2009. 4. C. Inc. Hannen. Use of environment for vested interest. Culture.. Conceptualizing environment. and Spicer. COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure . 5th Edition. Consumption. J. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. The Ecology of global consumer culture. R. Scope and application. and Sustainable Living. Wadsworth Group. Recommended Books: 1. Chronological. UK. 2001. 2003. New York: New York University Press. Contemporary environmental status. globalization and environmental issues. culture and society. and concerns. Allan & Carter. I. 2000. 2009. 2005. K. UK. Bradbury. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions.. Biodiversity (An Introduction). Contemporary environment issues and debate. USA. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. Perspective of human-environment evolution.
5. Course Outlines Definition.6th Ed. Introduction to MS-Word. Software: Application software. processing hardware. physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry. system software. Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse. output hardware. as are their effects on the biosphere. internet. software packages. computer programs and basic applications. Marquis A.1999. Ms-Access. Types and classification of computers.. G. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered. Storage hardware. Recommended Books: 1. 2.London 1996.C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components. Hardware: Input Hardware. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere.Microsoft office 2000.H. Ms-Power Point. After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry. 2003. Long N. Ed. Rutledge. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 6. COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure . Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures. Milton. Courter. K. Long l. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion.. Configurations. 21 . Selin.BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment. Operating system (Windows). Fundamentals of computer.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure . Ms-Excel. e-mail. Local Area Network.
Heat radiation and heat transfer. Turbulent jets and plumes. Particle physics. Environmental Science. C. Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics. Energy conversion. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light. 2nd Edition. Solids. 2004. 3. Fate of pollutants in environment. Fundamentals of aquatic. UK. atmospheric and soil chemistry. Samir. Nuclear energy. P. Entropy. 2005. DoriaSerrano. Energy. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts. Liquids and Gasses..E. Solar spectrum. Canada. Liss. 4. Blackwell Science. G.. India. COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter. Andrews. trophic level. Girard. Jickells. Measurement and comparison of the 22 .T. J. 5. its causes and adverse effects on environment. J. Hernandez-Esparza. Ozone and UV light. 2004.. and Reid... Reducing the transmission of sound. 1st Edition.. 1999. USA. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants.D. Ozone chemistry. Diffusion. 2. Brimblecombe. M.E.. Active control of sound. P. Environmental Chemistry. Human perceptions and noise criteria. A. Radioactivity and nuclear physics. Jones and Barlett.. Ibanez.M. Environmental impact of various industries. Recommended Books: 1. Thomson-Brooks. Turbulent diffusion. Global climate and climatic change. Isotopes and radioactive decay. interaction of light with matter. their sources and toxic actions. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Environmental Chemistry.. Equations of fluid dynamics.Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry. Transport of pollutants. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer.. J. Conversion of mass. K. Miller. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light. Banerji Prentice Hall of India. and Singh. Fregoso-Infante. Sound and Noise. M. Electromagnetic radiation. Chemical reactions. Turbulence.J. Basic acoustics. T. Springer. Gaussian plumes in the air. 2008.S.. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems. photosynthesis.G. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. Germany. B.
P. World Bank Publications. Economic management and environmental quality. Physics of the Environment and Climate. 2006. USA. 4. Economic Development. and Pandis. and Resource allocation. 2008. E. Todaro. Measures for sustainable development. 2001. Seinfeld. Natural resources and the economy. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Kentucky USA. 2. M. Course Outlines Introduction to economics. Sustainable development. economic welfare and difference among all. Smith. 7th Ed. G.1998. producer and community point of view. Praxis publishing. Pakistan economic context: National income. Environmental Physics. interaction between ecology and economic management. Growth and Environment. COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. economic growth. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. Field visit. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. concepts and measurement. UK. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. Wesely Publishers. Yusuf. Environmental economics. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. 2001. USA. H.. Guyot. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter. economic progress. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods. Man environmental relationship.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development. Recommended Books: 1. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. 2. 3. USA. Boeker. Impact of economic activity on environment. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. economic growth and its measurement.Economic development. N. 23 . Economic functions of environment. Growth and development. population and environmental quality. New York. and Van Grondelle. R. Introductory Environmental Physics. Producer behavior. C. USA. Routledge. poverty. Recommended Books: 1. S. S. J. 2008.
Touchstone Books. description of population. Farmington Hills. 2. 2008. Economics. Callicott. C. Ecosystem and its types. and systems ecology. England. levels of ecological organization. Natural philosophy. R. Kessinger Publishing. Environmental philosophy and ethics. LLC. SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology. community and ecosystem. concepts and approaches. Introduction to ethical theory. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. USA. ethics and ecology. World Bank Publications. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. J. temperature. A History of Western Philosophy. 4. 3. Russell. Hanley. N. Frodeman. & Pierce. M. 4. soil. Environmental Critics of agriculture. the ethics of soil. Shogren. species. B. 2002.A. B. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. 2007. World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. DeVeer. community. International Thomson Publishing. Course Outlines Introduction. Recommended Books: 1. water. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy.. USA. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. WCIV7AA. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy. 24 .V. B. role of light. biogeography. and White. branches of ecology. 2009. Ecology. D. 2008. its fundamental concepts.. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale. COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure . Palgrave Macmillan..A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems. Swift. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy. population. J..3. Portland 1967. London.
After completion of this course. 1999 4. P. Ecosystem: structure and function. Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. Recommended Books 1. 3. biotic factors. Tata McGraw-Hill. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea. population dynamics.W. 2001 5. Lab Work 25 . aero-microbiology and food microbiology. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. Odum. 1st Ed. King’s College London. Biogeochemical cycles of C. J. Biomes of the world. Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. Microbiology of terrestrial environments. plant geography and animal distribution. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems. landscape ecology. landscape changes and their importance. Microbial metabolism. 2. productivity of different ecosystems. agricultural and industrial ecosystems. Ecology (principles and applications). J. New York. N. M. Chapman. M C J 1st ed. community dynamics. G. Systems ecology. aquatic microbiology. Concepts of Limiting factors. characteristics of urban. 2000. E P. UK. UK. Fundamentals of Ecology. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. Fundamentals of Ecology. 1992. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. 5th Ed. Dash.topography and air as ecological factors. Populations. Ecology (concepts and applications. bacteria and eukarya.) Moles. and Barett. and More. and S. M J. Thomson Brooks/Cole. 2004.L and Reiss. Population distribution and abundance. New Delhi. Cambridge University Press. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. distribution limits. 6th Ed. with special emphasis on their environmental impact. students will be able to understand the significance. B. COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment. role and application of microorganisms in the environment. WCB/McGraw-Hill. C. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). ecological modeling. C. various concepts of community. habitat and niche.Cox.
Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water. Academic Press. A. Case Studies. P. Pepper. 5. Understanding Environmental Pollution.. McGraw Hill Inc. Cambridge UK. Types of Environmental pollution: Air. American Society for Microbiology.L. 2002. Harley.A. 2. M. 3. Noise.. L. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal. Academic Press. McInernery. (Elsevier) USA. J.L. Hill. D.Gerba.P. 2005. Collection. P. G. peppor. Manual of Environmental Microbiology. J. Solid Waste generation. I. 2.A.M. London.M. 2005. R. New Jersey.Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection..C.. Peiece.. purification and preservation.D. 1995. Fate of Environmental Pollutants. W. 3.I.R. 4th Edition. Environmental Pollution and Control.G. Weiner. UK. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines. 2 Edition. USA. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution. Maier. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel. USA. Cambridge University Press. Butterworth-Heinemann. its sources and their effects. 26 . Crawford. 2007. Recommended Books: 1. Washington DC.1998. Environmental Microbiology. 2005. 2009.M.F. International Protocols (BASAL Convention). Recommended Books 1. Mean plate count.. transportation & treatments. Dilution plate technique.. Fuhrmann. D. isolation. Effects of Pollutants. M. Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents. Soil. USA.L. C.A. and Zuberer. F.J..J. Prentice Hall.and Brendecke. D. Microbiology... Hurrst. Human & other living organisms. J. and Klein. USA. Knudsen.W. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution.. Water. and Stetzenbach. Marine & Industrial pollution.J. and Jeffery. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally. nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution.P. R. and Gerba. Hartel. C. Prescott. Sylvia. Pollution Control Strategies.and Vesilaind. 4.J.K.P. Academic Press. USA.J. L.V. 2nd Edition..B.. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution.
From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. K. 2006 5. Royal book company. Tarbuck. N.. 2003. Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided. Lawrance K. Karachi. Cloud Classification. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment. A. climatic zones of Pakistan. The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan. processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. Methods of psychology. Recommended Books: 1. Four Spheres of the Earth. Factors affecting air Pressure. condensation and cloud Formation. Surface winds. 4. Austin Miller. Cambridge University Press.W. Environmental psychology. 1988. Shamshad. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications. 2. The Atmosphere. Pandis.. The Physics of Atmospheres. Heat and the Earth's atmosphere. John H. 1992. Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere.J. The Hydrologic cycle.K. local winds. COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences. 27 . Sadder. A brief historical background and schools of psychology. Solar radiations. Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). Marcel Dekkar. John Wiley and Sons. Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History. Spyros. Weather and Climate. The climate of Pakistan.M. Houghton J. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . 5. 2002. . Radiation and climate. American Public Health Association (APHA).. 6th Edition. 3. air pressure. Mechanism of heat transfer.E. Lutgens.. COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems.F.2nd Editions. Climatology.4. concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere. global circulation. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology.
energy and carbon balance. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives. threats and mitigation. London. rivers. Soil as a natural resource.C. COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change. Fundamental of Psychology. 2. Bell. Course Outline Introduction. 5th Edition. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine.W. High population density and psychological impacts. Sustainable agricultural practices. T. Future water scenario of Pakistan. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals.. solar radiation and primary production. Environmental perception and cognition. and Baum A. Routledge. Sustainable livestock management practices. 1992. soil erosion and conservation. Recommended Books: 1. soil resources of Pakistan. 2001. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. 28 . Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. concepts.D. Pollution control through Ecology. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. Routledge. Ecological restoration. Greene. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. limitation of irrigated agriculture. Background and scope.A. Restoration of derelict lands. Eysenck. CRC Press. sustainable agriculture. Ecology of food production. soil salinity and water logging. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. Water and distribution of species. P. their management and ecological restoration.. techniques and methods of restoration. Fisher J.characteristics and research methods. Water as an ecological resource. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species. M. species response to pollutants. Environmental Psychology. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. carbon dioxide and global climate change. London. CRC Press.
5th Edition. K. 29 . 1996. E. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. Island Press.. 3. COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals. dose response relationship in living organisms. Margaret A. Islamabad. 5.1998. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms. Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History. 2006. 2nd ed. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. 1989. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management. A. USA. Peshawar.W. Organs. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures. Thomson Brooks/Cole.S. Fundamentals of Ecology.Recommended Books: 1. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. Mumtaz.P. University of Peshawar. Toxicity: Types and its measurement.. Newman. K and Habib. Lahore. toxins & toxicants. soil and air samples. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals. from natural and anthropogenic sources. biological effects. water and soil. J. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water. 2000 2. toxicology of chemicals. R. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. Israr-ud-Din. A. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications.A. P. toxicity screening using microbial systems.. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic. their containment and control strategies. Pakistan’s Environment. 2004. B. Determination of chemicals in biological samples. Potentiation and Addition. D. toxins vs toxicants. Rashid.National Book Foundation. Soil Science. Studies in Pakistan Geography. Foundations of Restoration Ecology. G.. Oxford. Falk. terminologies: Poisons. Odum E. Determination of Interaction of chemicals. Shirkat Gah. and Memon. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. and Barett. 4. in vivo & in vitro assays. Chemical interactions and their types. and Hobbs. Synergism. Immunological considerations in toxicology.I. Zedler. J. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. on human and other living organisms. Blackwell Scientific Publications.
General and Applied Toxicology. the economic benefits of different environmental resources. Ballantyne. the economy and the environment. 1992. 1st Edition. 1st Edition. W. Klassen. Williams. 3. measuring environmental benefits. 1996. 1993. people. 1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development. Vol. education. CRC Press Llc. (ed. pollution control-a general model. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement.1 & 2. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York.Recommended Books 1. McGrawhill.D. First and Second law of Thermodynamics. Recommended Books: 30 . urbanization and pollution. geography. international trade and the environment. B. the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements. State of the Environment-Pakistan . P. clean development mechanism. Environmental Profile of Pakistan.M. major ecosystems. water resources. USA. 2005 2. topographic zones. economic development and the environment. W. industry. economic aspects of different environmental problems. 3.2005 2. 5th Edition..Science of Poisons . Essentials of Environmental Toxicology. culture. Course Outlines Introduction. Government of Pakistan.). health. Economic: agriculture. USA. COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development. Ecological: ecological zones. Course Outlines Introduction to history. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis. land. T and Turner. USA. Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann. Hughes. M. Macmillan Press Ltd. Recommended Books 1.
Use of Potentiometery. Thomson and Brooks. 2. Gravimetery. Biomarkers in environmental assessment. A. 8th Edition. D. L.2004. J. D. Data interpretation for quality control. New York. Field. Titrimetery. Environmental Economics. Harris. 3. salinity & sodicity).L. Oxford.1. 2000.. Reuter. 1999. Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH. NO3–N & NH4-N). B.D.. Peverill. Standard solutions and standard curves.I. Kolstad. water and plant analysis. 31 . Analytical techniques for soil.J. Spectroscopy and Chromatography. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive. Skoog. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve. handling. units. 1993.A. M. Fluoride. K.. Titrimetery. M. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples. precision and accuracy. Conductivitymetry. Pearce. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. Oxford University Press. 2005. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery. D. 3. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin. C. Johns Hopkins University Press.and Field. soil (NPK and organic matter contents. CSIRO Publ. preparation and storage. COD. and Batemen. Lab Work S. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual. Sparrow and D..K. Recommended Books: 1. Sample collection..K.UK. USA. D. Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory. I. COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. Sample preservation methods. 6th Edition. Conductivitymetry. and derived S.2002. 2003. 4.W. Gravimetery. Australia.C. and F. Qualitative Chemical Analysis..I. All Solids. West. Turner. 2.R. C. Holler. Environmental Economics: An Introduction. Freeman & Co. BOD. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Environmental economics: An elementary introduction. Collingwood. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling.
Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. Introduction to microbial kinetics. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques.COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments. Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques. 2001. 2009. 2007. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd. Oxford University Press. Biosensor. New York. Recombinant DNA technology. 2005. New York. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns. Government of Pakistan. J. Recommended Books 1. and application of biotechnology in the environment. Biomarkers. D. W.). (ed. National Biotechnology Commission. Germany.living organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution. 2. Cambridge University Press. USA. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. Environmental Biotechnology. COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 . PCR. Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants. 2nd Ed. 5th Ed. Tools in environmental biotechnology. Wiley-VCH Verlag. Course Outlines Introduction. England.W. 4. Hans- Joachim. Scragg. J. and Russel. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment. and Josef. Sambrook. students will be able to understand the significance. J. Chichoster. National Biosafety Guidelines. Bioreactors. After completion of this course.1999. Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems.D.. 2005.. Biotechnology. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures. Smith. USA. Derbre. Isolation.P.E. A. purification and preservation of DNA. 3. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms. USA.
provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. Types of data used in GIS. Using and reading GPS in field. Introduction to GIS. Inc. Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. Agriculture. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks.Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. John Wiley and Sons. Different types of maps. 5. 2000. Image Processing. Active and Passive remote sensing. Data acquisition. Guilfoud press New York. integration of information from many sources. V. Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. Fishery and wildlife. eradication of the duplicated data. F. A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. 3. Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. Interpretation. advantages and limitations of process. Harvey. A. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. K and L. map projection and coordinate systems. Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. history and platforms. 2000. 2009. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. Rancez. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). analysis and output. Pearsons Education. Satellite Imageries. 2008. Energy Sources. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. Jensen. Inc. Inc. Preparation of thematic maps. 2. Aerial photography. Data entry and output. History and data collection. Campbell. COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . 1999. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. Z. 4. Lulla. John Wiley and Sons. R. Forestry. Cartography. Introduction to Photogrammetry. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. Dessinov. Mc Graw Hill Education.
Michigan.3rd Edition . Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor.2nd Ed. International Organization for Standardization... A. standards and guidelines. M. etc. 3. threats to biodiversity. social and ethical values of biodiversity. COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. Course Outlines Introduction. 4. B. American Society for Quality. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS). 1998. F. cleaner technologies. Environment and sustainable development. alpha and beta diversity. Environmental aspects and impacts. philosophical. threats to biodiversity and its conservation. economic. principles of Cleaner production. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System.. Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1. M. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). 2005.C. animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan. Certification of EMS. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. Conservation of biodiversity. plant. Methods of environmental protection. 2006.This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. eco-design. American Society for Quality. 2001. 2. Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production.). hot spots of biodiversity. WWF Pakistan. and Yoxon. Sheldon. Related Environmental legislation. Khan. Environmental Management Systems Principles. and Qasim. types of biodiversity. Environmental Economy. 34 . need and approach. Systems and Support Techniques. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. ecological. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management. Environmental Management tools.
presampling requirements/information. Z. London. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora. 2ndEd. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan. P. croplands. management. conservation in man-made ecosystems. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme. Lab Work Sampling techniques (air. plants. conservation and livelihood.B.R. 2000. Considerations. Associates Inc. and Morre.. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes. 2.conservation at species. Preservation methods including pH control. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. Mirza. A Primer for Conservation Biology. habitats. Conservation of wildlife. water. role of traditional knowledge in conservation. Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan. Cox. sampling and design purposes. laboratory custody. Sunderland. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring. Sinauer. ecotourism. 3. cities. Lahore).. Biogeography. Kings College. role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. quality assessment. Course Outlines Introduction.e. Quality assurance and quality control. design and types of samples. 35 .B. soil and living organisms. international agreements. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. Saad Printers.B. Rawalpindi. community and ecosystem level. their categories. 2000. Publ. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. NOC for plant operation. in-situ and ex-situ conservation. population. air. quality control sampling. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples.. conservation strategies.D. national and international laws and regulations. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment. Recommended Books: 1. C. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing. field custody. forests. P. Legal protection of species. EIA requirement. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan. protected areas. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring. chemical addition. 1998. refrigeration and freezing methods. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques.
) McGraw-Hill. D. E. 2. UK. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. Keith.Recommended Books: 1. Patterns in Winds and Pressure.. E. altered community structure. Energy and Temperature. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. Human responses to potential climate change. (eds. extinctions. chemical. 7. Korte. and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change.. Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. R. Moisture in the Atmosphere. regional. 5.USA. its causes and effects. Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change. Lewis Publisher London. Peakall. Earth Observation of Global Change. Precipitation. The Measurement of Climate Change. (ed) Springer. H. Manahan. 1992. F. Remote Sensing Note. I. 2000. Forstner U. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. Recent Climate Change Indicators. L. Air Pollution and Acid Rain. Ozone depletion. 2002. 2002. Chuviero. 6. McKlivie. Regional droughts and 36 . COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change. USA. and Guethner. Chapman and Hall. 2008. 8. Murai.1999. human health. New York. Tokyo. agriculture. Burden. N. Japan Association on Remote Sensing. Physical. USA. Environmental Chemistry. 2nd Edition. 2008. Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. S. and social factors contributing to climate and global change. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. 3. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention. D. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide. biological. S. phenological changes. . USA.1996. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data.
Oxford. 1999. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice. Hardy. 4. impact analysis. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment. National Book Foundation. Effects. Earthscan Publication Ltd. Islamabad. principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society. J.O. project implementation and follow up. John Wiley & Sons. liquid. and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction. 2005. 2003. 5. 37 . Routledge. Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2). reporting. and Chadwick. Blackwell. 2004. 2. scoping. public involvement. law. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan. social impact assessment (SIA). T. 2005. decision-making to implement the project. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. Global Warming and Climate Change. review of EIA quality. Recommended Books: 1. and noise. 2.. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels.. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts. J. Therivel. 3. Global Change and the earth system. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University.cataclysmic climate change. 3. Petts. Effects. 1994. (ed. mitigation and impact management. role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis.Causes. Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems.T. COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. and Solutions. 2005. 4. Ministry of Housing and Works. John Wiley & Sons. Houghton. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach.. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. A. EIA project management. 2003. Keith. London.. R. Climate Change .. J. Cost and benefits of EIA. 1st Edition. A. 2000. Islamabad.. and Solutions. Glasson. 6. Recommended Books: 1. screening. solids. Hardy. EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan.(ed).. & Nixon. Main stages in EIA process. London. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. Harrop. Types & Resources to produce Energy. J. 1986.).Causes. J. overview. Climate Change . D. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems. Sringer.A.
New York. national and provincial legislation. F. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. M. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level. threats. USA. R. S. (ed. B. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. forest types and its existing management. 38 . reasons for its decline and its possible remedies. Types. R. Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. Ludwig.). existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level. and Tu.5. limitation in the future.. Conservation in Progress. problem in agriculture. Watershed management: Importance basic principles. solar power. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. management options. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. United Nations Environment Programme. John Willey & Sons. EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual.. wildlife census. Goldsmith. J. requirement. Everitt. process and contents of the management plan. Rangeland Management: existing status. Evans. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources. Asian Development Bank. & McCabe. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area.. Sadler. importance. occurrence and distribution of natural resources.. 1997. management options. A. 1993. Development of Management Plan: needs.. COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification.B and Warren. methodologies. wind power and nuclear power. effective management.. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan. Lohani.. best available option for future. Carpenter. B. agriculture products and their share in GDP. 2002. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. H. existing management approaches. national example. threat and its causes. 6. Recommended Books: 1. causes and methods for its improvement. 2nd Edition. national agriculture policy. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources. their current status and threats. their pros and cons. agriculture chemicals.
types of sampling design/. London. R. 2007. Case Studies. 1990. Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem. How to put things together? Introduction. S. Thousand Oaks. Environmental Conservation. Experimental Research. 1984.L. Review of Literature. Scientific Research: Science. New York. Sampling: the logic of sampling. 3. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically. V. 1992. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. Search Engines. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice. Inference based on findings. & Plano Clark. P. Research Proposal: its importance . Selecting the Research Method. to introduce students to research design.E.. J. Research Design & Research Methods. Review of Literature. GOP and IUCN. 4. and Jorqensen. W. Dasmann. Hansen. Interviews. Questionnaire. USA. research methods. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design. Creswell.Amsterdam. Surveys. Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. 39 .F. Sage CA. Literature Search: Database.A pre-requisite for Research. 5. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1. Objectives. Islamabad. Scientific Methods. Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison). The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS).E. Material Methods. concepts and terminologies.2.1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study. and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research. Methodology. Elsevier. population and sampling frames. John Wiley & Sons. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. Bibliography.
2001 and the rules of business made there under. 2000.Batty. 2008. Government of Pakistan 3. John and sons Ltd.S. SNBP Local Government Ordinance. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers. and Arhonditsis. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. Qadar. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 . Writing Science Through Critical Thinking. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance. regulations made there under. 2003. Robert Yin. USA. G. Wadsworth Publishing Company.. 3. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan.. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act. The Craft of Research by Wayne C. 5. Booth. M. Sage Publishers. Recommended Books: 1.Harrad. Students project in Environmental Science. Survey Research Methods. England.USA. 2003. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans. 3rd Edition. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules. 2nd Edition. Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation. of Chicago Press.h. Chichester. National Environmental Policy 4. Babbie. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development. S.. National Conservation Strategy 5.2. 1989. Law Books House. 2001. 6. 4. 1997. USA. Univ. Moriarty.. E. 1997. R. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan. Diamon. Marilyn F. Belmont California. 2.
This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45
POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46
RESEARCH PROJECT/ INTERNSHIP
E-I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY
To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,
5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.
Oxford University Press New Delhi. fisheries management. Briscoe. like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. and Tortajada. 5. (eds. 2006. Mirajuddin Publication . 44 . and Qamar. Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia. Ahmed. Islamabad. pollution aspects. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment. Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. climate change and its impacts on our future water resources. water quality and quantity aspects. SDPI Oxford University Press. it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects. wetlands resources management. Biswas. flood and drought management. virtual water. Revised & enlarged edition. Bengali. improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan. A.1993. A. P. 2003. Cheema.. flood and droughts. Lahore. 1993. tubewells. The Politics of Managing Water. 2005.. 4. Islamabad. 2. Oxford University Press Karachi. 2006. (ed. R.. Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT). Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization. C. Ahmed. Mirajuddin Publication . Groundwater Resources of Pakistan. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry. 3.). integrated water resources management (IWRM). O.). Khan. U. Course Outlines Water resource and its management. Indus Water Accord 1991. hydrological cycle. with drinking water facilities like springs.. Pakistan. Asia Printer. N. N.Lahore.E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan. 6. K. precipitation distribution in Pakistan. Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant.K. Pakistan .. A. I.. Recommended Books: 1.Varis. water supply and demand management measures. water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan. recycling and re-use of wastewater.. watershed/catchment. and Malik. R. J. groundwater exploitation.
. Physical and chemical properties of soil. Urban ecosystem. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. E. N. humans as components of urban ecosystems. USA. Upper Saddle River.R. Pakistan. Academic Press. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions.W. residential mobility and the neighborhood change. Upper Saddle River. After completion of this course. D. the salient features of urban environments. 2007. NJ. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. hydrological processes. and Weil. USA. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization. R. Course Outlines Introduction. urbanization in Pakistan. and Bantel. urban patterns and ecosystem functions. urban settlements. Cation and anion exchange. Course Outlines Introduction. Gardiner. 2007. Soil buffering capacity and its importance. Bashir.C. 1996. Process and outcome. future of urban centers. USA. 1. Soil forming minerals. Prentice Hall. management and green productivity. National Book Foundation. urban landscapes characteristics. Causes of urbanization. Brady. Urbanization. Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. PrenticeHall. transport. Soil Science.T. Forms of urbanization. Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils. R. San Diego.. NJ. Factors and processes of soil formation. Islamabad. Types and properties of parent materials. Definition. CA. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations. Soils in Our Environment. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. urban flora and fauna. Hillel. 2008. R. Miller.E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. Soil degradation. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. soils. urban political ecology. 11th Edition. 45 . D. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life.
S. 2007. 2.. 46 . E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. CRC Press LLC. 5. J. Smith. City Design for Sustainable Development. Routledge. Penguin Group. S. UK. Scope. Types of Urban Plans. The Ecology of Urban Habitats.and Kowaril. Hejny.and Maser.. A. 2009. UK. Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems. Silberstein. Planning and Urban Change. Chapman and Hall. I. UR. Recommended Books: 1. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city. London. The planning process. SBS academic publishing.. 1. nd 2 Edition. O. Sukopp. Hague. The Works: Anatomy of a City. Elements of urban planning. D. New trends in planning and city management. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation. 2004. C. Justification for planning for city management.L. H. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability. USA. Planning and its relationship with other professions. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. 3. London. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. Planning theories and concepts. M. Land use planning theories. 2006. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. 2000. SAGE Publications Ltd. nature and purpose of urban planning. New York. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area. Routledge. Hough. 1989. Ward.Recommended Books: Urban Ecology. USA. M. Levels of planning. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level. Gilbert. V. Alberti. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. 4. 2. 2004..S. Springer. Kate. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans. UK. Principles of planning.1990.. Aims and Objectives of planning.
Earthquake. 1993. Kates... Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors. Hazards. Natural cycles and their role.W. Government of Pakistan. 47 . Physical factors.J. International phenomenon. It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. 2. Disaster Management: Components of management. 3. 1993. i. It discusses a wide range of aspects. and Woodrow. 1989. Paris. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made. 4. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). Cultural factors. Westview Press. Clara. Flooding. 1993. Techniques and methods to assess hazard. Introducing Town Planning.W. P. ADB. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum. Disaster as an opportunity for development. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters. Landslide.. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research.UNESCO.. Prediction. M. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N. Manila. 1991. Recommended Books: 1. 1986. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies.e. Flood Management: Organizational Role. Political factors. Chapman & Hall. Socio-economic factors. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms. The Guilford Press. Longman Group. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies. D... New York. Different approaches and Indicators. Earthquake Management.. Islamabad. 2nd Edition. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches. The Environment as Hazard Burton I. H.. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures. UK. Natural Disasters Alexander. New York. Boulder . Disaster Management Trainings and Policies.F. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. E&UA Div. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. and White G. Role of Media in Disaster Management. R.3.B. 4. Ministry of Housing and Works. G. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization.
Ecological concept in crop and food production. 2007. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation. Westport. Farming practices for pests and weeds control. 4th Edition.. energy resources. M. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. sustainable energy management. Biotic structure. E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment.C.M. D. New York. John Wiley and Sons. Consumer and producer relationship. 1983.L. Schoch. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. E. uses. 6th Edition. Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem. Quorum Books. OECD/IEA. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. biomass resources. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life. and Yonavjak. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. 2007. Phytoremediation and bioremediation. primary producers. 48 . consumers. 6. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources. F. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America. 1. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems.H. environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources. types. hydropower.. L. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem. Perry R. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources.A. Sustainable livestock management. energy resources of Pakistan. Botkin. Deforestation for agricultural purposes. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals. decomposers.. Course Outlines Energy-development and environment.5. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers. solar. Agroecology. alternate energy resources.W. 1984.B and Keller. 2001. 3. 2. Paris. A. and Mushkatel. USA. McKinney. merits and demerits of wind. local. Disasters and Development Cuny. R.
M. New Delhi.A. C. E-11 Seminar 49 . USA. P. Kapur. USA. Experimental Plant Ecology.R. McGraw Hill Publishing Company. Westview Press. and Rossel.. Recommended Books: 1.M. Study of index of diversity. 2000. R. 1990. and Sudha. Boulder. Study of stratification and profile diagram. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity. Agrocology. Yandermeer J. New York. 2.Determination of density and abundance of plant species. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture. Altreri. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity. India.H.P. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species. 1995. Corol.Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species. CBS Publishers and Distributors.G. 3.
The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. 50 . The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines. it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor. The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science. 3. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science. The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization. 4. that: 1. 2. availability of the faculty and other facilities. the Committee agreed on the following principles. The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions. 5.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme.
4.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1. 22. 13. 15. 2. 3. 3. 7. 16. 26. 8. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 . 6. 14. 10. 10. Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. 5. 19. 11. 4. 21. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. 20. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 18. 2. 23. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. 7. 25. 12. The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. 5. 9. 24. 11. 17. 6. 8. 12. 9.
Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management. FURTHER READINGS 1. Khan K. Mackenzie. Hansen. Elsevier.T. Regional and International Environmental Issues. Provincial and Local Strategies. Karachi. status of Terrestrial. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling.. F. Hodder and Stoughton. London.1991. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. S. Conservation Strategies. Geography of Pakistan. Relationship of culture. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. D. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment. Money. Environment People and Economy.. GOP and IUCN. COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management. Ball. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences. 3.. and Bell.E. Carrying capacity and sustainable development. London Black Stone Press Ltd. 1992. and Jorqensen. Recommended Books: 1. 2. Conventions and Protocols in Global. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Oxford University Press. NCS.E. technology and resource use. S.. Instruments and methods.1994. Islamabad. 2nd Edition. Treaties. P.S. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems. development of concepts. WCS. Amsterdam. Oxford University Press..DETAILS OF M. 1991.A.F. 52 . Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan. 4.1994.1995. Environmental control Policies. 2. 3. 1987. S. Draft National Environmental Policy. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space. Mackenzie J.
FURTHER READINGS 1. Ed. History. Sectoral guidelines for EIA. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). John Wiley & Sons. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. Air and Solid Waste.A. 1995. 53 . Chichester. C. Environmental and Social Impact assessment. Cost benefit analysis of projects. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). A one Publishers Lahore. England. Environmental Chemical Analysis. ecological impact assessment. ed. WB. Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. process. A. F & Bronstein. UK. role and importance. Washington. Recommended Books: 1. COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. Longman House. Case Studies and review. Gas Chromatography etc. 2. Government of Pakistan. Wood. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. World Bank. economic impact assessment. Burnt Hill. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. social impact assessment. opportunities and issues. Demographic impact assessment. 2. Principles of physical. Harlow Essex. Environment Department. Greenberg (American Public Health Association).COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction.. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants.Vanclay. D. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. Assessment of environmental impacts. DC. sample collection and preservation. Ministry of Environment. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment. Recommended Books: 1. Wastewater. sampling rules. 3. procedures and methods of EIA. K. Environmental auditing. Ahmed. Longman Scientific and Technical. 1993. 1995.
Inc.. 54 . de Kok.COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project. and Wright. indicators. A Guide to Project Management. specific objectives. 1993.. T. 3. USA. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. Resource Mobilization. USA. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. MS Project Recommended Books: 1. 1998. Accident prevention and safety plans. outputs. Mantel s. M/S Banarsid. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). 1st Ed. Reasons for Project success or failure. T. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. Project Life Cycle. air borne. Ergonomic and Safety. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). assumptions... R. Occupational Health: problems and issues. Project Management Institute. Park. safety techniques. 1997. Government Policies and Programs. S.2000. M. Recommended Books: 1. Writing Project Proposal. Project Initiation. Kjelllström. Oxford University Press New York. 2001. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic. development objectives. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. economic evaluation. Environmental Health Engineering.. Meredith J. Project Management: A Managerial Approach. Prentice Hall International Inc. Defining Project objectives.. L. A. John Wiley and Sons. means of verification. feasibility study. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi. Public health concept. 1992. Caeneross. UK. work breakdown structure.. Nebel. 1st ed. and Guidotti. activities. T. J. 2002. T. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. principles and practices. Project Planning. 5. 2. Lippmann. J. London. Planning Commission Performas. Need identification. Wiley Interscience. communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne. 2nd Ed... Van Nostrand and Reinhold. prevention and control. 1st Ed. Project Planning and Approval Processes. K. R. Primary health care services. inputs. food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. New York. B. 4. 2. COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems.
COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. OECD/IEA. 6th Edition. Environmental auditing. ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family. D. R. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). 55 . uses. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management. Paris. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. Environmental Auditing. John Wiley and Sons. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. industry and domestic sectors. types. principles and elements of the process of EMS. M. 2007. energy resources. 1998. Recommended Books: 1. transport.B and Keller. 2007. Sources of data. non-renewable and renewable. petroleum. St Luise Press. USA. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Recommended Books: 1. Switzerland. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. gas. Schoch. 1990b. Botkin. solar. McKinney. Sayre.. 4th Edition. 2001. ISO Central Secretariat. merits and demerits of wind. hydropower. 3. E. 3. 2. data collection and interpretation. Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. Paris. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms.M. 2. 4. and Yonavjak. Principles of cleaner production. L. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Michigan-January 2001. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. sustainable energy management for agriculture. energy resources of Pakistan. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor. bio-energy resources. D. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal.A. Related Environmental regulations. alternate energy resources.L. nuclear) local.
and Solutions. Warrick. John Wiley & Sons. E. plant conservation.. Maarel. Oxford.Causes. Berlin. 5. ECOPE 29. 2. resources and plants. T. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics. competition and coexistence. Recommended Books: 1. COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. Blackwell Publishing. global aspects of plant ecology. climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. E & Muller-Hohenstein. forests. geographical and temporal patterns. water resources. 2005. Oxford UK. 2005. London. UK 1991. 2005. John Wiley & Sons. 4. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Plant Ecology. Climate Change and Ecosystems. 2003. J. 2004. Springer. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. B & Jager. 2005. J. Plant population dynamics. ED. 3.Causes. plant invasions. The Green House Effect. Climate Change . etc. K. Climate Change . types of climate change models. Life history strategies of plants. human activities and vegetation dynamics. (Ed.D. Hardy. UK. Earthscan Publication Ltd.). 2003. Silvertown. Recommended Books: 1. Modeling of climate change. J. survival and extinction. types and their climatic effects. 2. D. Blackwell Publishing. 1st Edition. 56 . D. vegetation dynamics. Effects.T. Beck. & Charlesworth. Green House Gases. Hardy. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. John Wiley & Sons. management and restoration. Introduction to Plant Population Biology. Chichester.COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. Vegetation Ecology Ed. Houghton. Effects.. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. 3. Climate change and food production. 1. Shulze. Species richness. and Solutions.
Robinson. Oxford. 5. distribution. habitats and ecosystems. Protected areas. Oxford University Press. Oxford.J. Oxford University Press. Consumptive. their types and role in conservation. COURSE 11 WILDLIFE. UK. S. Weddell. Inc. biological diversity. K. W. Participatory forest management. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management.A. Extinction of species. Oxford. Threatened animals and plants. Forest plantations. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity. Loss of biodiversity. Protection and restoration of species.B. 3. Cambridge. 1973 2. types. J. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan.J. And Bolen. Publishers Sunderland. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity. T. 2002.G. Wildlife Ecology and Management.COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction. problems and solutions. distribution and management. London. T. threats and conservation. deforestation and its control. Cambridge. Status of forests in Pakistan. Cambridge University Press. Recommended Books: 1. Mcmillan.(2nd Ed. Biodiversity: An introduction. Conserving Living Natural Resources. Sustainable forest management.L. S. USA. II). Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali. Rangeland management. John Wiley And Sons. Global and national biodiversity. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. their importance. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. Blackwell Publsihing. management. 1986.J. B. Roberts.D.) Gaston. E. J. types. Primack. 3. Forests. Sinauer Assocaites. kinds. 1984. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation. 4. R. Oxford University Press. 1992. Establishment and management of protected areas. Recommended Books: 1. 2002. Roberts. its causes. Protected areas in Pakistan. UK. FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. Wetlands. distribution. 1998. Principles of Wildlife Management. & Ripley. their ecological and economic importance. 2. status. Wildlife of Pakistan. 2004. Essentials of Conservation Biology.J. & Spicer. I). The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. 57 . Bailey.
1993. urban systems and their characteristics. future of urban centers. New York. UK. USA. CRC Press LLC. C. Government of Pakistan. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages. UK. 2007. Planning and Urban Change. sanitation.. management of transport. 2. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. Penguin Group. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. Sustainable cities. SAGE Publications Ltd. G. urban political ecology. J. E&UA Div. Kate. Islamabad. 2004. Forms of urbanization. Longman Group. 1986. Ward. V.. drinking water and solid waste in cities. Recommended Books: 1. Introducing Town Planning. A. Silberstein. Clara. Urban land use planning and management. 4.COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction. The Works: Anatomy of a City. Environmental problems of urban life. Urban planning and management in Pakistan. S. London.. 3. urban landscape characteristics. H. 2000. USA.. 58 . urbanization in Pakistan. Ministry of Housing and Works.and Maser.
Third edition. Thomson and A. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. Martinet. Oxford University Press.A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. ISBN 0194313492 59 . Exercises 1.J. 1997. Practical English Grammar by A. a) Functional English Grammar 1.Annexure . Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure.V. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1.
Reading/Comprehension 1. Upper Intermediate. Fourth Impression 1993. 1997. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. Reading. Writing. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Thomson and A. Third edition. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. Exercises 2.J. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. b) Practical English Grammar by A.2. and speed reading. Oxford University Press. intensive and extensive. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. Third Impression 1992. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. Oxford Supplementary Skills.V. minutes of meetings. Martinet. Oxford Supplementary Skills. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 . unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content.
Martinet. Reading. clarity. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. 2. Exercises 2. introduction to presentations. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. Oxford University Press 1986. Fourth Impression 1992. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Advanced by Ron White. language. Oxford Supplementary Skills. form. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. Practical English Grammar by A. c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive.1. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. Third edition. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). b) Writing 1. Oxford Supplementary Skills.V. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. Thomson and A. narrative. Oxford Supplementary Skills. content. discursive.J. Reading 1. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. Writing. Writing. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 . descriptive and argumentative writing). Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Oxford Supplementary Skills. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. Fourth Impression 1993. 2. Third Impression 1992. Third Impression 1991. Advanced. Writing. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco.
Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. St. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton.(particularly suitable for discursive. 62 . 3. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. College Writing Skills by John Langan. argumentative and report writing). (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. A Custom Publication. 2004. Compiled by norther Illinois University. Mandell. Kathleen Shine Cain. without taxing the taste of engineering students). Martin’s Press. descriptive. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. 2. Kirszner and Stephen R.
Course Outline 1. 1999 onward 3. People and Land i. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Zaidi. Contemporary Pakistan a. 1977-88 e. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. Society and social structure c. 1993. Study the process of governance. 1988-99 f. 4. Shahid Javed. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. politics. Location and geo-physical features. Muslim advent iii. 3. Safdar. 63 Books Recommended 1. b. Economic institutions and issues b. Pakistan Political Roots & Development.Annexure . Karachi: Oxford University Press. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. Lahore. . The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. 2. Akbar.B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. 2. Indus Civilization ii. 1958-71 c. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. 1971-77 d. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. ideological background of Pakistan.M. 2000. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. S. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. 1947-58 b. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki. S. Mehmood. 1994. Historical Perspective a. contemporary Pakistan. State & Society in Pakistan. Karachi: Oxford University Press. government. national development. Ethnicity d.
K. Vol. Afzal. Muhammad Waseem. Amin.5. Enigma of Political Development. Zahid.The Emergence of Banglades. Mehmood. M. Islamabad. 12. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Pakistan Under Martial Law. Washington: American Enterprise. The Political System of Pakistan. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. Tahir. 10. 1980. 8. 1976. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Haq. Lahore: Vanguard. 6. Karachi: Royal Book Company. Rafique. 11. Institute of Public Policy Research. II & III. nd. I. Political Parties in Pakistan. Ziring. Ansar. Lawrence. 7. Sayeed. Politics in Pakistan. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective.. 14. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research.National Movement in Pakistan. 9. Safdar. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia. History & Culture of Sindh. Party. 64 . Club Road. Noor ul. Khalid Bin. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. Wayne. K. 1987. Aziz. Wilcox. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. 1998. 1993. 1980. 1967. 13. 1972. Ethno .
20) Related to thinking.40.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 . Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.57. 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.A.21.A.58.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.Tadabar (Verse No1.A.Annexure .63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.6.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.56.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.19.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.
3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt. in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .
Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. IRI. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. International Islamic University.3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. “Studies in Islamic Law.S. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. Islamabad (2001) 67 . ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. Bhatia. Pakistan. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. Ahmad Hasan. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad.” Hussain Hamid Hassan. “Emergence of Islam” .
Beckenback EF. PWS-Kent Company. Boston Swokowski EW. system of linear equations. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. set operations. Cramer’s rule. equations reducible to quadratic equations. introduction to sets. PWS-Kent Company. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. 1986. not majoring in mathematics. cube roots of unity.D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. types. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. determinants. types of functions. Boston 68 . College Algebra and Trigonometry. harmonic progression. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. Sharron S. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction.Annexure . Matrices: Introduction to matrices. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. complex numbers. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. functions. Houghton & Mifflin. geometric progression. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. matrix inverse. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). trigonometric identities. 1978. Wooton W. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. 1987.
derivatives. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. differentiation of polynomial. distance between two points. 2005. rational and transcendental functions. New York Stewart J. USA 3. integration by substitution. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. 1983. intersection of two lines. PWS-Kent Company. change of variables in indefinite integrals. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. Ma. integration by parts. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. Finney AR. Calculus (11th edition). Reading. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. not majoring in mathematics. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. John Wiley.2. various forms of equation of a line. Bevens I. Boston Thomas GB. Davis S. continuous functions. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. 1995. Addison-Wesley. parallel and perpendicular lines. left-hand and right-hand limits. equation of a line. functions and their graphs. slope of a line. solution of equations involving absolute values. not majoring in mathematics. Recommended Books: Anton H. inequalities. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. angle between two lines. Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. continuity. Calculus (3rd edition). Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. 2005. 69 . distance between a point and a line.
College Algebra and Trigonometry. Boston Swokowski EW. intersection of lines and circles. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. ellipse. Conic Sections: Parabola. set operations. nature of roots of quadratic equations. types of functions. PWS-Kent Company. hyperbola. : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. equations reducible to quadratic equations. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. inverse of matrices. circles determined by various conditions. system of linear equations. Freshman and Company. • Contents 1. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. PWS-Kent Company. 1969 Kaufmann JE. 1986. determinants. locus of a point in various conditions. Boston 4. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. 1987. 70 . Cramer’s rule. : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. Introduction to sets. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. types of matrices. functions.Circle: Equation of a circle. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). Analytic Geometry. Scott.
‘Introduction of Statistics’. 5. Measures of dispersion: Range. Kaufmann. R. quartiles. 4. Latest Edition. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. 71 . individual. tally sheet method. E. moments. Latest Edition. Prentice Hall. skewness and kurtosis. Boston.geometric and harmonic progressions. trigonometric identities. E. 2. relationship of statistics with social science. Graphs: Graph of straight line. array. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. Walpole. R. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. E.. cumulative frequency curve. J. discrete and continuous series. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. Latest Edition. types of frequency series. 3. frequency polygon. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. variance. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. PWS-Kent Company. characteristics of statistics. Books Recommended: 1. deciles and percentiles. standard deviation.. bar frequency diagram histogram. ungrouped and grouped data. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. circle and trigonometric functions. W. Swokowski. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. R. Wilcox... ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. 2.
Jr. logarithmic differentiation. theorems of differentiation. Bevens. 3. Rational Functions. H. substitution method. Anton. Inc. Continuity. 6. 2002. Inc. integration using partial fractions. I. Extreme Values of Functions. Calculus. Hughes-Hallett. John Wiley & Sons. Rational and Transcendental Functions. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . 3rd Edition. • Integration Integration from first principles. quotients. Slope of a Line. Equation of a Line. 4th edition. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. Swokowski. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus. 2005. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. Boston. sinusoidal function. 1983. 8th edition. Calculus. 5. Leibnitz’ theorem. Addison Wesley publishing company. et al. Calculus.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. E. Prentice-Hall. Continuous Functions. Solution of equations involving absolute values. plane polar coordinates. Least-Squares Line. reduction formulae. Contents 1. Thomas. 2005. 2. implicit differentiation. S. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. Jhon Willey & Sons. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. the chain rule. 11th Edition. Frank A. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. Calculus Single and Multivariable. integration by inspection. Mathews. applications of integration. 4. Trigonometric Functions. Davis. Elliott Mendelson. Schaum’s Outline Series. John H. 1999. special points of a function. integration by parts. W. the inverse of differentiation. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. Inequalities. Recommended Books: 1. infinite and improper integrals. and Transcendental Functions. McCallum. Second Edition 1992. 6. products. logarithmic integration. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. Integration by Parts. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. 2. integral inequalities. Gleason.
Additions and subtraction. division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. approximation errors in Taylor series. finding the nth roots of unity. solving hyperbolic equations. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. arithmetico-geometric series. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 . series involving natural numbers. complex conjugate. modulus and argument. multiplication. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. geometric series. alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. identities of hyperbolic functions. inverses of hyperbolic functions. the difference method.
of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 . orthogonal. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7. centers of mass and centroids. Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. the inner product. 6. line to line. Pappus’ theorems. scalar triple product. symmetric and antisymmetric. masses. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. moments of inertia. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. point to plane. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. vector product. of a unitary matrix. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors.5. Hermitian.
Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. divergence of a vector field. curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products.8. combinations of grad. spherical polar coordinates 75 .
Poisson and Normal Distribution. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Exercises. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Absolute and relative measures. sampling with and without replacement. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Historigram. Median and mode. Test statistics. Unit 5. The Variance and standard deviation. Presentation of Data Introduction. The Mean Deviation. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Exercises.Annexure . bias. Standardized variables. Type-I and Type-II errors. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. level of significance. Bar charts. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Significant digits. Observations. Rounding of a Number. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. properties of Good Average. Probability and Probability Distributions. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Exercises. Unit 7. Unit 2. null and alternative hypothesis. Quantiles. Statistical problem. Exercises. Different types of Averages. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. The semi-Interquartile Range. Stem and Leaf Display. Histogram. Errors of measurement. Unit 4. Moments and Moments ratios. Graphs and their Construction. Empirical Relation between Mean. probability and non-probability sampling. Range. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Unit 3. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Types of frequency curves. Ogive for Discrete Variable. sampling and non sampling errors. Editing of Data. Collection of primary and secondary data. Difference of means and proportions. Data. Coefficient of variation. definition of outliers and their detection. 76 . sample design and sampling frame. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. Sources. Exercises. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Exercises Unit 6. The Mode. Exercises. Discrete and continuous variables. Population. Diagrams. Change of origin and scale.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Box and Whisker Plot. acceptance and rejection regions. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. Pie chart.
cause and effect relationships.Single Population Introduction. 2 Muhammad. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. 3rd Ed. Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole. F. Exercises. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. R. Exercises Unit 9. r and R2. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table.. Kitab Markaz. Inc.. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. 2005. Macmillan Publishing Co. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes.Unit 8.Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. Correlation. simple linear regression. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. Regression and Correlation Introduction. E. its estimation and interpretation. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. 1982. Unit 11. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. New York. Exercises Unit 10. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. Contingency Tables. 77 . Coefficient of linear correlation. “Introduction to Statistics”. Testing of Hypothesis. examples. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad.
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