CURRICULUM OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
For BS MS
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………
6 12 14 50 51
ALTAF ALI G. 63. therefore. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. SHAIKH
Member Academics August 2009
.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. 2009 at the HEC Regional Center. and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. DR. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards. D773/76-JEA (cur.PREFACE
Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. degree awarding institutions. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. dated December 4th 1976. universities and other institutions of higher education. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. R&D organizations. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation. Lahore. and 36. the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. respective accreditation councils and stake holders. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30. the Federal Government vide notification No.). It is. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration.
PROF. imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. It also aimed to give a basic. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. The world has turned into a global village.
STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV
CURRI. OF DRAFT BY NCRC
IMPLE. OF FINAL CURRI. R&D. UNDER CONSIDERATION
CURRI. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS
APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP
FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC
COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI. Preparation
NCRC. EXP. UNI. HEC
BACK TO STAGE-I
PREP. IN DRAFT STAGE
COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. OF CURRI.
CONS. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. OF NCRC. COL. REC. LI R&D HEC Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission
ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI.
Rawalpindi Dr. Dr.
7. Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. Karachi from 28-30. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. Rawalpindi Dr. Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener
The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre.
. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head. Lahore Member
6. April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. Dr.
3. Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall.
Dr. Following attended the meeting:1.
Dr. Karachi Member
Dr. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr.8.
14. Dr. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi.
13. Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof.
Prof. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi. Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof.
16. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore
10. Dr. Dr. Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore.
Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. The meeting was opened by Mr. 2. Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. Islamabad coordinated the meeting. Chairman. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr.
20. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting.17. Director of HEC Regional Center. the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses.
Dr. Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. At first. Dr. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. 1. Mr. Shafiq-ur-Rehman. Faisalabad
18. Karachi. The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society.
. Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively.
Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities. The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. 6. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society.
1. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development.
Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment.
The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. In last few centuries. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development.
These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses. Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses.
3.3. The committee thanked Mr. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population.
The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world.
The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues
. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity. 4. 5.
Apply theoretical understanding.
5. and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge
iv. professional judgment and skills in
mitigation of environmental problems
iii. Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable
development. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local.
ii. This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science.
The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i.
Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. This committee. in its preliminary meeting. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the
. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative
structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management
5. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. skills and behaviour patterns. Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems. regional and global contexts. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us.
3.. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i. assessment and evaluation will be English
for degree programmes in Environmental Science.
5. Sc. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F.
Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee. 2.
A. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental
Science. skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes. The
. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. 4. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration. that:
1.e. The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be
comprehensive in their coverage of the contents
2. The medium of instruction. pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme. Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in
the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English. Integrating natural sciences. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level.
UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME
BS Environmental Science
Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles. 1. Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3. with consensus. eight semesters in the semester system.
Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0)
Semester – 4
19. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours
3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17
Semester – 2
7. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5. Environmental Physics 16. Biology –II* 9. Introduction to Computer 14.
SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR
Course Titles Semester – 1
1. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. English-II 12. Environmental Microbiology 21. Climatology* 23. Biology –I* 3. Psychology*
. Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17
SECOND YEAR Semester – 3
13. The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order. Fundamentals of Ecology 20. Introductory Economics* 17. Environmental Chemistry 15.proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. Sociology/Anthropology* 11. Basic Chemistry* 4. Introduction to Environmental Science 2. English-I 6. Introduction to Earth Science 8. Environmental Pollution 22. English-III 18.
ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18
Semester – 8
43. Environmental Impact Assessment 39. 44. 46. Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136
Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours
. Environmental toxicology 27. Biodiversity & Conservation 35. Research Methods in Environmental Science 41. Environmental Economics 29. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30. Environmental Biotechnology 32. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. Environmental Management Systems 34. Natural Resource Management 40. ELECTIVE-III 42. ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours
FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7
37. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19
Semester – 6
31.24. Total Credit Hours
3 (3-0) 18
THIRD YEAR Semester – 5
25. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28. Opt. 45. Applied Ecology 26. Climate Change 38. Environmental Monitoring 36. English-IV/ Univ.
• Universities can choose from the list provided under general category
.• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical.
& Nebel. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society. ecological. 2007. current global. The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms. 2007 3. Environmental Science: systems and solutions. McKinney. 2007. Schoch. G. E. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth. development in industry and agriculture. L. poverty and resource depletion. D. lipids.A.T. ethical.
. Miller. John Wiley & Sons. 6th Ed. Thomson Learning. 4. history. Pearson Educational. R. environmental pollution. Botkin.DETAILS OF COURSES
FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0)
To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline. national. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.. Wright. Environmental Science: working with the Earth. B. & Yonavjak. 2002. biological and social. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. Human environment and its problems: global.J.M. 10th Ed. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates. urbanization. M.L.
Introduction: basic concepts.B & Keller. philosophical. and their relationships with various environmental factors. regional. Major components of environment: physico-chemical.I
The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life. Different aspects of environment: physical. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development. proteins and nucleic acids. 4th Ed. socio-economic. 2. R. its importance in human life. COURSE 2
1. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment..
Ltd. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology.Hill International Edition. 2003. Nucleic acids. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. covalent. Self Assessment and Revie. 2007. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin.
. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. lipids. Canada. R. V.. Crossley. 2. coordinate covalent bond.
Chemical Bonding. A. 5th Edetion. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning..
1. Lingappa. M. Aromatic compounds. N. and Lewis. Lewis. 2007. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. 3. B. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods. Shier. The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. carboxylic acids. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. 4. carbohydrates. esters. the molecule of genetic information and replication. Plopper. Cell division. Bulter. proteins. origin of metabolism. 5. 2008. Cells. Molecular Biology through Questions. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. J. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. Cassimeris. L. USA. lipids. Wadsworth Group. protobionts. amines). E. The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. Introduction to cell biology. Origin of life: chemical evolution. USA. D. polypeptides in protein diversity.
The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions.. Biology: a Human Emphasis. USA. McGraw.
Biology’ Campbell. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. carbonyls.. G. C. 8th Ed. Study of mitosis in onion root tip. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa. Starr. and Whitelaw. chemical diversity. Structure and the basis of function. New York. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations.Course Outlines
Introduction: Definition and concept of life. Australia . Ionic. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. R. phospholipids in membrane systems. 1996. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals.. chemical basis of life.
. Algebra of matrices.Special Products (Binomial Expression). geometric and harmonic sequence. D. P. EC and TDS in waste water. USA. Photochemical reactions.. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles. T. Thin layer chromatography. and Holler. 2004. angle-sum formula. expansion of determinants. UK. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. D. USA. minor and cofactor of a matrix. 2003. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations). UK.
1.. determinants. Lab Work Preparation of molar. Measurement of pH. molal. 6th Edition. graphs.. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional). 8th Edition. coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane.. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. and Reid. Harris. Girard.J. 1st Ed. Column chromatography. straight line and related concepts. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. Cambridge University Press.K.. Understanding Environmental Pollution. Arithmetic and Trigonometry
Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers. Hill. 2nd Edition. real line. 2005. equations of lines (linear equations). law of Cosines. Brimblecombe.H. simultaneous equations and their solutions. COURSE 4
The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences. Canada.J. series and means. Sequence and series: Arithmetic. 3. Liss. Principles of Environmental Chemistry.ions. 2. 4.E. Solution chemistry. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. double angle formulas. 5.E. D. Osmosis and Dialysis. radicals. J. Binomial theorem (Simple applications).S.M. Jickells. P.D. Thomson and Brooks. Colloids chemistry. Andrews. 2nd Edition. Skoog. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. F. Surface chemistry. 2004. Matrices and Determinants: Matrix. J. West. Jones and
Barlett.. 2004. normal solutions/buffers. W. M.
.A. Blackwell Science..C. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane. values of trigonometric functions. Use of spectrophotometric techniques. B. Freeman and Company.. concepts of six basic trigonometric functions. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula.
earthquakes and volcanoes. 10th Ed. Smith.
1. faults. 3. joints. This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. 2. plate tectonics. Introduction to sedimentary. Narosa Publishing House. Chain rule.. 4. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. Pacific Grove. D. lineation and unconformities. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. by parts integration (simple applications). foliation. theorem of integration. California. Integration: Formulas of integration. composition and its internal structure. cleavages.Cramer’s Rule.. Jr. L.Wesley. K. COURSE 5
English-I (Functional English) Annexure . irreducible quadratic factors. 4th Ed. Analytical Geometry. S. Addission. Introduction to rocks and minerals. Earth as a member of solar system. igneous and metamorphic rocks. earthquakes. the processes of their formation. different earth processes like mountain buildings. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. difference. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation. erosion and related landforms.
Introduction and scope of geology and geography. 1999.
.B SEMESTER 2
INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives
This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. Abraham. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors. nonrepeated linear factors. Trignometry for College students. weathering and erosion. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions. Fossils and their significance. G. product and quotient rules without derivations).A
Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure . New Delhi. Weathering. theorems on differentiation (sum. mountain building. Introduction to folds. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. Chatterjee. Scott Foresman and Company. J. its origin. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. Thomas.B. and Finney. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension. age.
A. Lamarckism. 4. and Monroe. J. 9th Edition. Earth Science. modern concepts.
1. D. 11th Edition.
Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. Lutgens. Biodiversity of hilly areas. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity. Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life. Biodiversity of canal.. Park. Tarbuck...II
This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution. F.. crucial for organisms’ sustainability.
. Tarbuck. Lutgens. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. biodiversity crises. Geological time chart with biodiversity. E... different classification systems. examples of adjustments in varied environment. How Does Earth Work. causes of extinction.. and Pun. 2005. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants. 2007 2.. unicellularity. Foundations of Structural Biology. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories. multicellularity. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat. population loss and decline. D. Darwinism. G.
K. interactions among diversified life. Geographical aspects of biodiversity. measuring biodiversity. 2007 3. J.Identification of rocks and minerals. Wicander. 2004. Field Study tour. J. Prentice Hall. 5. Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms. animals). K. R. Routledge. R. G. Brooks/Cole. 3rd Edition. Physical Geology and Process of Science. E. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification. and Tasa. and Tasa. protocell formation. consequences of losing biodiversity. Biodiversity of deserts. Prentice Hall: 2006. invasion of life on land. F. molecular basis of biodiversity.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps. Prentice Hall. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. COURSE 8
BIOLOGY . Life in sea. Use of brunton compass and GPS. Smith. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species. 5th Edition. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis..
K. Biodiversity (An Introduction). C. UK.K. 2000. Townsend. Nora and Wilk. New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. R. 2003. I. J. 4. L. 2009. P. 2nd Edition. 2001. John Wiley and Sons. J.E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY
Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems.
2009. 2006. culture and society. I. Inc. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. Crumley. Conceptualizing environment. USA. K. Routledge. power & hegemony. Consumption. Hannen. 2005. Gaston. UK. Blackwell Science Ltd. 3. 2. 3 (3-0)
Relationship between environment.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies)
1. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies.
Annexure . Scope and application. (editors). The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology. Perspective of human-environment evolution. Allan & Carter. Environmental Risks and the Media.
1. 5th Edition. IL:WavelandPress. 3. and concerns. The Ecology of global consumer culture. a Human Emphasis. Bradbury. Understanding the environment-human relationship. and Sustainable Living. Tripartite nature of environment.
The Biosphere. Biology. Contemporary environmental status. UK. Inc. Prospect Heights. Adam. Use of environment for vested interest.. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions. Starr. Goals and expectations. globalization and environmental issues.. (editor). New York: New York University Press. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. C. Wadsworth Group.
. Culture. CA: AltaMira Press. Walnut Creek. Chronological.
2. and Spicer. Contemporary environment issues and debate.
6. Marquis A. Storage hardware. e-mail. Milton. Types and classification of computers. Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures. computer programs and basic applications. Rutledge. system software. Long N.1999. Selin. Software: Application software. Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse. Operating system (Windows). internet.London 1996.
1. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere. 2.
.Microsoft office 2000.H. Introduction to MS-Word. processing hardware.C SEMESTER 3
INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER
This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components. Ed. Hardware: Input Hardware. software packages. 2003. output hardware. Fundamentals of computer. Ms-Excel. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Local Area Network. Courter.
ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure . as are their effects on the biosphere.6th Ed. Ms-Power Point. K. G. physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry. COURSE 11
English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure ..BPB publication
This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment. Long l. Ms-Access. Configurations.. After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion.
Principles of Environmental Chemistry. Particle physics. trophic level..G. Germany. Active control of sound. Fate of pollutants in environment. M.. Gaussian plumes in the air. Isotopes and radioactive decay. 1st Edition. Miller.E. B. Banerji Prentice Hall of India. Transport of pollutants. COURSE 15
The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter.D. and Singh. and Reid. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants. Basic acoustics. Energy. Environmental Science. 2004. UK.J. J. K.. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light. Turbulent diffusion. 2005. Canada. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer. Liss. Heat radiation and heat transfer. 4. photosynthesis.T. C.. Andrews. 2nd Edition. Environmental impact of various industries. 5..E. Thomson-Brooks. Brimblecombe. 2008.
1.M. Solids. Sound and Noise. J.S. Human perceptions and noise criteria. Ozone and UV light. Samir. 1999. Blackwell Science. Fregoso-Infante. Turbulent jets and plumes. M. Environmental Chemistry. A. Energy conversion. Electromagnetic radiation. Solar spectrum. Radioactivity and nuclear physics. P. Conversion of mass. Measurement and comparison of the
. G.. atmospheric and soil chemistry. Fundamentals of aquatic. its causes and adverse effects on environment.. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light. P. Global climate and climatic change.. Turbulence.Course Outlines
Concept and scope of environmental chemistry.. Environmental Chemistry. Jones and Barlett. Nuclear energy. 3. 2004. Ibanez. DoriaSerrano. Diffusion. Liquids and Gasses. Hernandez-Esparza.. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. their sources and toxic actions. Ozone chemistry. Entropy. Girard. J. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems. Chemical reactions. Springer.
Introduction to environmental physics. T. USA. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts. Reducing the transmission of sound. interaction of light with matter. Jickells. 2. India. Equations of fluid dynamics..
Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter.
. M. economic welfare and difference among all. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Kentucky USA. population and environmental quality. Environmental Physics. Economic Development. USA. Introductory Environmental Physics. N. Physics of the Environment and Climate. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development. and Van Grondelle. H. P. Guyot. and Resource allocation. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. Producer behavior. 2. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30
Years of the World Development Repor. UK. economic progress. Measures for sustainable development. New York. 4. 2001. 3. Todaro. poverty. USA. Yusuf. Environmental economics. S. S. Growth and Environment. Sustainable development. Seinfeld. Natural resources and the economy. Pakistan economic context: National income. G. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. economic growth. USA. J. Praxis publishing. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. 7th Ed. C.Economic development. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Routledge. Wesely Publishers. World Bank Publications. concepts and measurement. Boeker.
Introduction to economics.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter.
2. USA.1998.. E. 2001. producer and community point of view. COURSE 16
The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. Field visit. economic growth and its measurement. Economic functions of environment.
1. 2006. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. and Pandis. Growth and development. Economic management and environmental quality.
1. interaction between ecology and economic management. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods. 2008. R. Impact of economic activity on environment. Man environmental relationship.
species. community and ecosystem. Shogren.V. USA.A. community. temperature. Farmington Hills. London. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. England.. role of light.
Definition of philosophy. USA. Ecology. population.
FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY
To develop an understanding in the about ecology. Economics. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale. soil. Swift. and systems ecology. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy.
. WCIV7AA. 2009. levels of ecological organization. 3. branches of ecology. B. ethics and ecology. Natural philosophy. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. & Pierce. 2008. B. N.
World Bank Publications. Frodeman. C. concepts and approaches.. Environmental Critics of agriculture. D. Russell. the ethics of soil.
Introduction. Palgrave Macmillan. DeVeer. 2007. J. R. 2008. Ecosystem and its types. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. M. Kessinger Publishing.A
To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems.3. its fundamental concepts. biogeography. Hanley. Introduction to ethical theory. International Thomson Publishing. 2. World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. water. B. 2002. Portland 1967. COURSE 17
English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills)
Annexure . LLC. Environmental philosophy and ethics. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. A History of Western Philosophy.. Callicott..
4. Touchstone Books. and White. description of population.
with special emphasis on their environmental impact. Ecology (concepts and applications. community dynamics. New York. UK. population dynamics. and More. Populations. habitat and niche. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea. WCB/McGraw-Hill. biotic factors. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). various concepts of community. J. 1992. UK. 6th Ed. M J. distribution limits.
Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. and Barett.Cox. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. 2000. C. G. plant geography and animal distribution. landscape ecology. C. Microbial metabolism. characteristics of urban. 1999 4.
1. Biogeochemical cycles of C. agricultural and industrial ecosystems. productivity of different ecosystems. and S. Population distribution and abundance. Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. Tata McGraw-Hill.) Moles. M C J 1st ed. E P. Biomes of the world. Microbiology of terrestrial environments. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. Fundamentals of Ecology. landscape changes and their importance. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems. bacteria and eukarya. 2004. aero-microbiology and food microbiology. P. Ecology (principles and applications). 1st
Ed. 2. Ecosystem: structure and function.topography and air as ecological factors. N.
. 2001 5. M.W. Odum. aquatic microbiology. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. J. After completion of this course. 5th Ed. Chapman. New Delhi. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. Dash. Systems ecology. King’s College London. ecological modeling. Fundamentals of Ecology. Concepts of Limiting factors. Cambridge University Press.L and Reiss. B. COURSE 20
This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment. students will be able to understand the significance. 3. role and application of microorganisms in the environment. Thomson Brooks/Cole.
2009.L. D.. R. Sylvia. 4. London.J. USA. Hurrst. Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents. J.
1. Manual of Environmental Microbiology. International Protocols (BASAL Convention). W.. Effects of Pollutants. Water. 2005. J.
Environmental Microbiology. Types of Environmental pollution: Air.K. Academic Press. isolation. Harley. 2.I. 4th Edition. Pollution Control Strategies.W.
1. D. transportation & treatments. Crawford.and Brendecke. 2005. 2005. and Klein. 1995.J. Human & other living organisms. Peiece. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic.
5. McInernery. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution..G. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel.V. USA. Case Studies. Knudsen. Marine & Industrial pollution. Hill. Fuhrmann. C. and Stetzenbach.M.L.
The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution. peppor. UK. 2002..Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection.P. R..
Introduction to Environmental pollution.
.A. P. Pepper.J. M.. Soil. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal. Solid Waste generation. L.A. J. Washington DC. 2 Edition. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution. (Elsevier) USA. Noise.L.. Prescott. I.. USA. Maier. Mean plate count. Academic Press. American Society for Microbiology. Dilution plate technique.M. D. Hartel. A.J.. its sources and their effects.D.A.and Vesilaind.J. G. Weiner. Academic Press. L.. Cambridge University Press.M.. C. USA. Prentice Hall. 3.. P.F.
3.Gerba.P. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines.R. and Gerba. F. Collection. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally.1998. 2007. purification and preservation. Understanding Environmental Pollution.B. 2nd Edition. McGraw Hill Inc. Fate of Environmental Pollutants.P. 2. M. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual..C. and Jeffery. Cambridge UK. New Jersey. Butterworth-Heinemann. USA. Microbiology. Environmental Pollution and Control. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water. and Zuberer.
Houghton J. Lawrance K.. Sadder. Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere. Solar radiations. Spyros.M. COURSE 22
The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems. Royal book company. Pandis.K. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications. Mechanism of heat transfer. 3. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . air pressure.. Shamshad. Marcel Dekkar. 2002.
Introduction to psychology. . 5. Heat and the Earth's atmosphere. 4. Karachi. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment. 1988.J. Surface winds. processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. N.. 2003.W. Four Spheres of the Earth. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. 2. The Physics of Atmospheres.F. K.From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided. Environmental psychology.
1. The Hydrologic cycle. John H.
Introduction to Climatology and a brief History. Factors affecting air Pressure. climatic zones of Pakistan. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere. American Public Health Association (APHA). A brief historical background and schools of psychology. Austin Miller. Cloud Classification. Cambridge University
Press. Tarbuck. global circulation.4. A. 1992. Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). 2006 5. 6th Edition. The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan. concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. Weather and Climate. Methods of psychology. John Wiley and Sons. local winds. The climate of Pakistan. Radiation and climate.2nd Editions. Lutgens. COURSE 23
This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences.E. condensation and cloud Formation. The Atmosphere..
Restoration of derelict lands.W. 5th Edition. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan. Ecological restoration. Environmental perception and cognition. London. M.C. Eysenck. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. Routledge. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. Environmental Psychology. COURSE 24
ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional )
This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. High population density and psychological impacts.
. 1992. Sustainable agricultural practices. Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture. CRC Press. species response to pollutants. energy and carbon balance. Soil as a natural resource. Greene.D. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change. P. threats and mitigation. sustainable agriculture. and Baum A.A. T. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives. Water as an ecological resource. 2.characteristics and research methods. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts. their management and ecological restoration. Sustainable livestock management practices. limitation of irrigated agriculture. soil erosion and conservation. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species. Routledge. Water and distribution of species. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Bell. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. techniques and methods of restoration.
Introduction.. Ecology of food production. 2001. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. concepts..
1. Fundamental of Psychology. Background and scope. Future water scenario of Pakistan. rivers. solar radiation and primary production. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. soil resources of Pakistan. Pollution control through Ecology. CRC Press. soil salinity and water logging. carbon dioxide and global climate change. Fisher
Thomson Brooks/Cole. 3. Organs. Islamabad.S. and Barett.A. Zedler. toxins vs toxicants. water and soil.. J. Oxford. 5. 2004. USA. K and Habib. from natural and anthropogenic sources.National Book Foundation. Pakistan’s Environment.. Odum E. A. Determination of Interaction of chemicals. Rashid. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. dose response relationship in living organisms. Peshawar. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents. University of Peshawar. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms. terminologies: Poisons. toxicology of chemicals. Israr-ud-Din.W. toxicity screening using microbial systems. 4. Lahore. 1989.I. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures.1998.. Newman. and Hobbs. Synergism. Determination of chemicals in biological samples. D. Studies in Pakistan Geography. Fundamentals of Ecology. Potentiation and Addition. 2nd
ed. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. Blackwell Scientific Publications. Island Press. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. P. B. 5th Edition. J. soil and air samples. 2000 2. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management.P. Chemical interactions and their types. Margaret A. 2006. G. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system.Recommended Books:
1. E. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications. R. and Memon. Mumtaz. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. in vivo & in vitro assays. Toxicity: Types and its measurement. 1996. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. COURSE 26
The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management
Determination of chemicals in water. toxins & toxicants. Immunological considerations in toxicology.
Introduction to Toxicology: History. Falk. Soil Science. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals. Foundations of Restoration Ecology. Shirkat Gah. biological effects. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic. A.
. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. on human and other living organisms. their containment and control strategies.. K.
1. W. 1989 COURSE 28
This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development. Government of Pakistan.
. Macmillan Press Ltd. Ballantyne. M. pollution control-a general model. P.Science of Poisons . geography.
Introduction to history. culture. people. B. 1st Edition. major ecosystems. 2005 2. clean development mechanism. 5th Edition.D. Hughes. the economic benefits of different environmental resources. water resources. Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York. USA. Williams. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann.. urbanization and pollution. the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology. (ed. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement. USA. First and Second law of Thermodynamics. land. General and Applied Toxicology.
Introduction. Economic: agriculture. education. 1996. measuring environmental benefits.M. 1992.). international trade and the environment. topographic zones. economic aspects of different environmental problems. Vol. USA. the economy and the environment. health. 3. industry. McGrawhill. State of the Environment-Pakistan . 1st Edition. 3. Environmental Profile of Pakistan. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis. COURSE 27
ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN
To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development. T and Turner. Ecological: ecological zones. CRC Press Llc. economic development and the environment. 1993.1 & 2. Klassen.
.. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling. 6th Edition. I. Turner. COURSE 29
ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2)
The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive. J.W.L. Gravimetery. Reuter.. Titrimetery. 8th Edition. Freeman & Co. New York. Thomson and Brooks. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. soil (NPK and organic matter contents. C. West. Conductivitymetry. Kolstad.and Field. 2003.I. A. Data interpretation for quality control.
Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory. K.2004.. CSIRO Publ. Environmental Economics. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin. Conductivitymetry.
S.K. Australia. D. COD. Qualitative Chemical Analysis.. Collingwood. 3. Fluoride. L. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual. Oxford University Press. Harris. water and plant analysis. Sparrow and D. M. preparation and storage.2002. USA. 3.
1...1. and derived S. Sample collection. D. Field. Standard solutions and standard curves. and Batemen. 2. B. 2. 2005. Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH.A. NO3–N & NH4-N). BOD.UK.C. Sample preservation methods. Analytical techniques for soil. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples. D.D.I. precision and accuracy. Biomarkers in environmental assessment.R. Environmental Economics: An Introduction. C. Titrimetery. 4.K. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve. Peverill. All Solids. 2000. D.J. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery. Use of Potentiometery. and F. Johns Hopkins University Press. handling. units. Spectroscopy and Chromatography. Pearce. M. Oxford. salinity & sodicity). 1999. Holler. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. Gravimetery. 1993.
National Biotechnology Commission. Tools in environmental biotechnology. Isolation.. J. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures. Recombinant DNA technology. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. 2005. W. Biosensor. Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques. Hans-
Joachim.P.1999.). 2nd Ed. National Biosafety Guidelines.
Introduction to basic molecular techniques.. USA. and Josef. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. 2001. Derbre. Smith. and application of biotechnology in the environment. 2005. 4. PCR. Cambridge University Press. After completion of this course.
Introduction. Government of Pakistan. Chichoster. Wiley-VCH Verlag. 2007. Oxford University Press. and Russel. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms. Biotechnology.COURSE 30
ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6
ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY
This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments.W. J. USA.D. 2009. 5th Ed. A. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment. purification and preservation of DNA. Scragg. students will be able to understand the significance. 2. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd. 3. Sambrook. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. USA. Environmental Biotechnology. Introduction to microbial kinetics. New York. Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems. D. COURSE 32
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1)
. Biomarkers. Bioreactors.
1. (ed. Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants.living organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution. Germany. England. New York.E. J. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns.
2000. Rancez. A
Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. Energy Sources. Active and Passive remote sensing. Guilfoud press New York. Types of data used in GIS. eradication of the duplicated data. 2009. Different types of maps.Objectives
The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. John Wiley and Sons. Harvey. 2. Preparation of thematic maps. A. Cartography. Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. 4. History and data collection. Using and reading GPS in field. Jensen. Forestry. advantages and limitations of process. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. Dessinov. Inc. integration of information from many sources. Data entry and output. Introduction to GIS. history and platforms. Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission. Agriculture. Pearsons Education. F. Reading maps (Maps characteristics)
1. Image Processing. Inc. Fishery and wildlife. Aerial photography. V. Satellite Imageries. Lulla. K and L. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. 2000. Interpretation. 1999. R.
Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. 3. Introduction to Photogrammetry. Z. 5. map projection and coordinate systems. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. 2008. Inc. Data acquisition. analysis and output. Campbell. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). John Wiley and Sons. COURSE 33
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. Mc Graw Hill Education.
Introduction to ArcView.
threats to biodiversity and its conservation.This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits. and Qasim. Environmental Management tools.). B. and Yoxon.C. animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan.3rd Edition . tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. economic. threats to biodiversity. WWF Pakistan. Conservation of biodiversity. Environmental aspects and impacts. American Society for Quality. hot spots of biodiversity. Certification of EMS. cleaner technologies. Environmental Economy. Methods of environmental protection.
Introduction. 4. American Society for Quality.
Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS). Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management. COURSE 34
BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION
The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. 2006. ecological. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR).. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production. types of biodiversity. Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles.. Environmental Management Systems Principles. social and ethical values of biodiversity. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. Systems and Support Techniques. philosophical.
Industrial Field Trip
1. plant. Khan. principles of Cleaner production. 2.. Michigan. Related Environmental legislation. 3. eco-design. 2005. need and approach. A. International Organization for Standardization. 1998. Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. 2001. Environment and sustainable development. Sheldon. M. F.
. standards and guidelines. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System.2nd Ed. alpha and beta diversity. etc. M.
water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring. management. Sinauer. conservation and livelihood. quality control sampling. Sunderland. conservation strategies.B. Mirza. C. Lahore). Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan. A Primer for Conservation Biology. P.
Introduction. NOC for plant operation. COURSE 35
This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i. role of traditional knowledge in conservation. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques. laboratory custody. Kings College. role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. habitats. water. presampling requirements/information. Z. 3. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing. their categories. plants. Considerations. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. forests. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan. EIA requirement. Publ. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme. Rawalpindi. refrigeration and freezing methods. Preservation methods including pH control. 2ndEd. sampling and design purposes. Saad Printers...R. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples. 2. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan.
1. national and international laws and regulations. quality assessment. international agreements. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment. design and types of samples.D. 2000. Conservation of wildlife.e. 2000. community and ecosystem level. 1998. Biogeography.. chemical addition.
. and Morre. P. field custody. Quality assurance and quality control.conservation at species. Legal protection of species. cities. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water.
Sampling techniques (air. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. Cox.B. conservation in man-made ecosystems. Associates Inc. London.B. in-situ and ex-situ conservation. soil and living organisms. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora. air. croplands. population. protected areas. ecotourism.
Human responses to potential climate change. Peakall. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data. chemical. Environmental Chemistry. S. (eds. D. E. 2002. UK. regional. Keith. phenological changes.Recommended Books:
1. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts. (ed) Springer. and social factors contributing to climate and global change. Lewis Publisher London. Precipitation. S. Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate. Regional droughts and
. I. 5. E. 2002. Murai.
Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change.) McGraw-Hill. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1.1999. F. extinctions.USA. 2000. USA. 3. 2nd Edition. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course. N. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention. and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change. 7. Chuviero. Physical. biological. 2008. New York. The Measurement of Climate Change. Tokyo. Patterns in Winds and Pressure. human health. USA. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide. Japan Association on Remote Sensing. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. agriculture. Remote Sensing Note. Air Pollution and Acid Rain. H. Energy and Temperature. Burden. Ozone depletion. McKlivie. 2008. . 1992. Earth Observation of Global Change. COURSE 36
ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7
The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change. altered community structure. its causes and effects.1996. L. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. USA. 2. D. Manahan. Chapman and Hall. 8. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. Forstner U... R. Korte. and Guethner. Recent Climate Change Indicators. Moisture in the Atmosphere. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. 6.
project implementation and follow up. J. Cost and benefits of EIA. social impact assessment (SIA). 6. Oxford.
1. and the public is informed about the project proposal
Introduction. law. Climate Change . COURSE 38
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project. London. Sringer. Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems.. principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society. Islamabad. Harrop. (ed. John Wiley & Sons.
1. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. Earthscan Publication Ltd. Keith. Types & Resources to produce Energy. Global Warming and Climate Change. 4. Houghton.T. Main stages in EIA process.O. EIA project management. Glasson. 2005.. Global Change and the earth system. 2. A. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems. Blackwell. Ministry of Housing and Works. 1994. public involvement. J. A. Therivel..
. 1999. J. 2004. 2003. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of
Pakistan.cataclysmic climate change. 2005. 2005. Hardy. EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan. D. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. impact analysis. liquid. scoping. John Wiley & Sons. Routledge. and Chadwick. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment.. 3. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. Effects. Hardy.Causes. mitigation and impact management. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. 1st Edition. role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis. Islamabad. Petts. screening.. decision-making to implement the project. J. 3. & Nixon. overview. 2000. 5. solids. Effects. 4. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels. National Book Foundation. 2003.).. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. T. 2. reporting. and Solutions. Climate Change .Causes. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts. R. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice. Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2).. J.(ed). review of EIA quality. and Solutions. and noise. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. 1986.A. London.
B. and Tu. Development of Management Plan: needs. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level. USA. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy. EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan. & McCabe.. Goldsmith. national and provincial legislation. A. 2nd Edition. 2002. Everitt. their current status and threats.). S. requirement. wildlife census.
(ed. national agriculture policy. Carpenter. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources.
. Ludwig. occurrence and distribution of natural resources. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level. agriculture chemicals. Watershed management: Importance basic principles. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. problem in agriculture. New York. limitation in the future. Asian Development Bank. causes and methods for its improvement. agriculture products and their share in GDP.
Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources.. J.. existing management approaches. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia. management options. 1997. best available option for future. threat and its causes. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. national example.. 1993. management options. H. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. Evans. importance.5.
NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
To train students on the identification.
6. F.B and Warren. R. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area. Sadler. M. R.. Rangeland Management: existing status. United Nations Environment Programme. threats. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources. their pros and cons. forest types and its existing management. Lohani. effective management. B. wind power and nuclear power.. Types. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. Conservation in Progress. methodologies. process and contents of the management plan. John Willey
& Sons. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies.. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. solar power.
Amsterdam. New York. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods. 2007. Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison). Experimental Research. 3.1991
RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE
The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study. Pearce &
Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf. W. Scientific Methods. Surveys. Interviews.. Environmental Conservation. John Wiley & Sons. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design. research methods. Creswell. to introduce students to research design. 5. Case Studies. Review of Literature. P.
& Plano Clark.L. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice. Elsevier. Sage CA. Review of Literature. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data. Scientific Research: Science. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS).2. GOP and IUCN. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. and Jorqensen. R. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem. USA. concepts and terminologies. Literature Search: Database.
. Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. population and sampling frames. Inference based on findings. Islamabad. Material Methods. 1990. Questionnaire. 4.E. Objectives. Dasmann. Search Engines. 1992. Sampling: the logic of sampling.E. Hansen. Research Proposal: its importance . S. types of sampling design/. V. Bibliography. J. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically. Thousand Oaks.A pre-requisite for Research. How to put things together? Introduction. Methodology.F. and the process of doing research and reporting the results
Introduction to Research. London. 1984. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation
1. Research Design & Research Methods. Selecting the Research Method.
1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers.h. 5. Government of Pakistan 3. 3. and Arhonditsis. Diamon.. John and sons Ltd. Qadar. Sage Publishers. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. SNBP Local Government Ordinance. 2008. Univ. Law Books House.S. Writing Science Through Critical Thinking. M.. 2nd
Edition. 2. Moriarty. Students project in Environmental Science. 2001. R. 2000. Robert Yin. National Environmental Policy 4. 2001 and the rules of business made there under. England. 1997. Survey Research Methods. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act. USA. Wadsworth Publishing Company.
1.2.. 6. The Craft of Research by Wayne C.
ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8
ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives
To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development.Batty.. Belmont California. Booth. National Conservation Strategy 5. 3rd Edition. E. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance.
National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation. Chichester.USA. USA. 4. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan. of
Chicago Press. 1989. Babbie. 2003. Marilyn F. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans. G. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules. COURSE 44
HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT
. 2003. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan. S. regulations made there under.Harrad. 1997.
This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45
POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46
RESEARCH PROJECT/ INTERNSHIP
E-I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY
To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,
5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.
water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan. virtual water. (ed. U.
Water resource and its management.
Mirajuddin Publication . Groundwater Resources of Pakistan. watershed/catchment. hydrological cycle. Indus Water Accord 1991. Islamabad. N.K. wetlands resources management. 1993.. K.. Khan. The Politics of Managing Water. pollution aspects. flood and droughts. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan. water supply and demand management measures. fisheries management. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. Revised & enlarged edition.E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan. Cheema. climate change and its impacts on our future water resources. 3. integrated water resources management (IWRM). (eds. Mirajuddin Publication . O.. Ahmed. tubewells. Pakistan .). A. 2003. 2006. 4. Oxford University Press Karachi.1993. and Tortajada. flood and drought management. R. Briscoe. with drinking water facilities like springs. SDPI Oxford University Press. Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia.. J. 2. improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency. 2006. precipitation distribution in Pakistan.
.). Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT). 5.. Islamabad. R. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment.Lahore. and Malik. and Qamar. I. Bengali. Oxford University Press New Delhi.. Biswas. A.. P.Varis. water quality and quantity aspects. Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization. Asia Printer. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry. like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. Ahmed. groundwater exploitation. recycling and re-use of wastewater. Pakistan. A. N. C. it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects. 2005. Lahore.
One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant. 6.
USA. R. Upper Saddle River.T. and Weil. Physical and chemical processes of weathering.R. CA. Causes of urbanization. urban landscapes characteristics. Soil Science. E-4
This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization. transport.. After completion of this course. R. Process and outcome.C. Cation and anion exchange. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. Urban ecosystem. humans as components of urban ecosystems. 2007.
The Nature and Properties of Soils. Definition. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. Upper Saddle River. USA. San Diego. Urbanization. Hillel.W. N. Prentice Hall. urbanization in Pakistan. Physical and chemical properties of soil. soils. future of urban centers. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations. 1996. D. PrenticeHall. 2008. Bashir. Forms of urbanization. Islamabad. Pakistan. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. and Bantel. urban political ecology.
Introduction. residential mobility and the neighborhood change. E. National Book Foundation. USA. 1. Types and properties of parent materials. Soil degradation. D.
. Factors and processes of soil formation. 2007. 11th Edition. urban patterns and ecosystem functions.
Introduction. urban flora and fauna. Soils in Our Environment. Soil forming minerals. the salient features of urban environments. NJ. Miller.E-3
SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT
This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. NJ. urban settlements. Gardiner. hydrological processes. management and green productivity.. Soil buffering capacity and its importance. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. R. Brady. Academic Press.
Chapman and Hall. 2. Ward. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability. H. London. The Ecology of Urban Habitats. A. 2004. Routledge. Land use planning theories. Smith.. 4. 2004. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems.and Maser. Silberstein. UK. S. D. Justification for planning for city management.Recommended Books:
Urban Ecology. 2009. M. 2000. Planning and its relationship with other professions. Gilbert.L. 2006.
1. 2007. Aims and Objectives of planning.
1. Hough. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city. Alberti. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. SBS academic publishing. 1989.
Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. Scope.S. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level. O. nd 2 Edition.
URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT
The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. Principles of planning. I. Hague.. City Design for Sustainable Development. UK. Routledge. UR. 3. Sukopp. J. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area. Hejny. Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments. SAGE Publications Ltd. USA.. The Works: Anatomy of a City. Elements of urban planning. S. The planning process.
. nature and purpose of urban planning. New York. 2. Penguin Group. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. Levels of planning. Kate. M. UK.1990. Springer.
London. New trends in planning and city management. USA. CRC Press LLC. Types of Urban Plans.and Kowaril... Planning theories and concepts. V. 5. Planning and Urban Change.
Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. C.
Role of Media in Disaster Management. Ministry of Housing and Works. New York.. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. 1991.. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies. Prediction. 1986. It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. 4. and Woodrow. Paris.
. Political factors. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N. Disaster as an opportunity for development. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development. ADB.e. Boulder .
Government of Pakistan. Kates. Disaster Management: Components of management. Techniques and methods to assess hazard. 2. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made. New York. 2nd Edition. Landslide. International phenomenon.. E&UA Div. M. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters.J.. i. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). Chapman & Hall. Socio-economic factors.. 4. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors. Flooding.B. 1993.
Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies. Westview Press. 1993. Longman Group. E-7
This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies. Natural Disasters Alexander. It discusses a wide range of aspects. Hazards. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum. D. H. Physical factors.. Introducing Town Planning. Earthquake Management. Islamabad. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization. 1993.UNESCO. and White G.W. P. 3. R. G. Disaster Management Trainings and Policies.
1. Earthquake. Clara. Manila. UK..W. The Environment as Hazard Burton I. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches.. Cultural factors.3. Natural cycles and their role. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. Different approaches and Indicators. The Guilford Press. 1989. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research.F. Flood Management: Organizational Role.
. solar. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation. New York.M. Quorum Books. 3. 2007. primary producers. 2. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. 1984. merits and demerits of wind. Disasters and Development Cuny. hydropower.
.A. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem.
The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet.
Energy-development and environment. F. Paris. M. biomass resources. and Yonavjak. Ecological concept in crop and food production. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources.5. energy resources of Pakistan. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. E. A. Phytoremediation and bioremediation. sustainable energy management.. Consumer and producer relationship. Farming practices for pests and weeds control. 6th Edition.L. Sustainable livestock management. Agroecology. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals. local. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. consumers. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions.. Westport. environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources. decomposers. R. Schoch. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America. USA. 1983. uses. 2001.W. E-9
Energy and Environment
This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life. and Mushkatel.B and Keller. 4th Edition. alternate energy resources.
Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. Perry R. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources.H.C. D. Botkin. OECD/IEA. John Wiley and Sons. McKinney. Deforestation for agricultural purposes. L. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers. 2007. 6.
1. Biotic structure. types.
Introduction to agro-ecosystem. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems. energy resources.
Kapur. Study of stratification and profile diagram. Boulder. 1990. 1995. 2000. New Delhi.. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species. and Sudha.R. USA. and Rossel.Determination of density and abundance of plant species.
.P. Study of index of diversity. India. Experimental Plant Ecology. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture. USA.
1. Corol. Westview Press. Agrocology. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity. C. CBS Publishers and Distributors.H.M. P.Lab Work
Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram. 2. Altreri. Yandermeer J.A. McGraw Hill Publishing Company. 3.G. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species. M. New York. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity. R.
The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization. 4. the Committee agreed on the following principles.
. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science. The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after
four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science. The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines. that: 1. it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor. The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME
MS in Environmental Science
Regarding MS Degree Programme. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. availability of the faculty and other facilities. 5.
2. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. 3.
2. 11. 14.
23. 11. 26.
Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. 7. 4. 2.
25. 21. 10. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 16. 6. 4. 9. 7. 6. 9. 19.
24. 10. 3. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. 8. 12. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3
1.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
CORE COURSES Course Titles
1. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development
. 12. 5.
3. 17. 22. 5. 15.
The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. 18. 13. 8.
Geography of Pakistan. development of concepts. 2. Hansen. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan.. Elsevier. Mackenzie J. Instruments and methods.
1. 3. S.S.A. Money. Carrying capacity and sustainable development.E. status of Terrestrial. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall. 3. 4. and Jorqensen. Relationship of culture..F. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems.1995. 1991. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan. Treaties. Regional and International Environmental Issues. 2. S..T. Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management. Mackenzie. London. Conservation Strategies.
. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Draft National Environmental Policy.. technology and resource use. 1992. NCS. F. D.E. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan. London Black Stone Press Ltd. Khan K. Ball.1994. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling. GOP and IUCN.1994. Oxford University Press.
1. S. WCS. Islamabad. Karachi. Provincial and Local Strategies. Amsterdam. and Bell. Oxford University Press. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management. 2nd Edition. Environmental control Policies. 1987. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of
the Environment..DETAILS OF M. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our
Common Future.1991. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences. P. Environment People and Economy. Hodder and Stoughton. Conventions and Protocols in Global.
1. Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. A
one Publishers Lahore.A. UK. Ahmed.
1. Air and Solid Waste. Environmental and Social Impact assessment. 1993. Environmental Chemical Analysis. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery. role and importance. procedures and methods of EIA. Case Studies and review.Vanclay. Cost benefit analysis of projects. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). Wood. ed. Ministry of Environment. Chichester. K. 1995. social impact assessment. Environment Department. Sectoral guidelines for EIA. DC. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. Environmental auditing. WB. John Wiley & Sons. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water.. Government of Pakistan. 2. F & Bronstein.COURSE 2
ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES
Introduction. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). opportunities and issues. Harlow Essex.
. process. 2. ecological impact assessment. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements. Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Wastewater.
1. Principles of physical. Assessment of environmental impacts. D. World Bank. A. economic impact assessment. Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment. 3. COURSE 3
ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. England. sampling rules. Gas Chromatography etc. Burnt Hill. History. Washington. 1995. Longman House. Demographic impact assessment. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. Longman Scientific and Technical. sample collection and preservation. C. Ed. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants.
. 1st Ed. Inc. T. T. New York. Yassi. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic.
1993. communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne. M/S Banarsid. Need identification. COURSE 5
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT
Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems.. J. safety techniques.. Writing Project Proposal. prevention and control. B. 2001. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. Public health concept. Resource Mobilization. Government Policies and Programs. outputs.. Nebel. M. inputs. 4.. Prentice Hall International Inc. specific objectives. Lippmann. Project Planning and Approval Processes. London. work breakdown structure. 2. Occupational Health: problems and issues. indicators. activities. and Guidotti. Oxford University Press New York. de Kok. food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. Project Planning. Kjelllström. Accident prevention and safety plans. Park. Project Initiation. air borne. A Guide to Project Management. R. Basic Environmental Health. Planning Commission Performas. R.. 5..
.. USA. development objectives. 2nd Ed. 3. T.. J. assumptions.2000. Environmental Health Engineering. A. L. Meredith J. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. economic evaluation. feasibility study. 1997. Reasons for Project success or failure. Project Management: A Managerial Approach. UK. 1st ed. Ergonomic and Safety. S. and Wright. 2002. Wiley Interscience. John Wiley and Sons. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Caeneross.
1. Primary health care services. Project Life Cycle. 1st Ed. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. Defining Project objectives. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. K. 1998. 1992. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). Mantel s. USA. Project Management Institute. means of verification. 2. MS Project
PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT
Introduction: What is a Project. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. principles and practices. T. Van Nostrand and Reinhold.
1. L. hydropower. gas. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal. Paris. sustainable energy management for agriculture. Principles of cleaner production. petroleum.
Paris. Switzerland. Sayre. bio-energy resources. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized
Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor. energy resources of Pakistan. uses. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). USA. 4. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. merits and demerits of wind. 2007. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management.
Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. industry and domestic sectors. Michigan-January 2001. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Related Environmental regulations. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. McKinney. M. 1998. E. 6th Edition. 3. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. St Luise Press. 3.
1. OECD/IEA. Environmental auditing. 2007. solar.A.L. data collection and interpretation. energy resources. ISO Central Secretariat. 2. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. Botkin. alternate energy resources. types. Environmental Auditing. and Yonavjak. D. R. transport.
. ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family. 1990b. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management.COURSE 6
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
Introduction to Environmental Management System. John Wiley and Sons. 2001. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. non-renewable and renewable..B and Keller.M. Sources of data. D. principles and elements of the process of EMS. nuclear) local. 1997 COURSE 7
ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT
Energy and its forms. Schoch. 4th Edition.
Vegetation Ecology Ed. Hardy. Plant Ecology. John Wiley & Sons. & Charlesworth. Maarel. UK. geographical and temporal patterns. competition and coexistence. 1st Edition. plant conservation. 2005. (Ed. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. Oxford UK. COURSE 9
ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY
Environmental conditions. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T.
. UK 1991. D. London. 3. climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. Introduction to Plant Population Biology. water resources.. 2005. survival and extinction. types of climate change models. 3. Blackwell Publishing. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. Climate Change . Hardy. Life history strategies of plants. etc. management and restoration. Warrick. Modeling of climate change. ECOPE 29. Climate Change and Ecosystems. The Green House Effect. 2003. and Solutions.
1. Springer. Shulze. T. and Solutions. types and their climatic effects. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Effects. Climate change and food production. vegetation dynamics. Species richness. Silvertown.T. B & Jager. 2005.COURSE 8
Introduction. human activities and vegetation dynamics. 2. Houghton.). E & Muller-Hohenstein. 2004. E.
2005. Green House Gases. plant invasions. 1. global aspects of plant ecology. forests.Causes. D. resources and plants. 4. Blackwell Publishing. 2003. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics. Effects. Plant population dynamics.D. John Wiley & Sons. Chichester. J. Beck. K. Berlin. ED.. 5. Climate Change .Causes. J. Earthscan Publication Ltd. Oxford. John Wiley & Sons. 2. J. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press.
Ecological and economic values of biodiversity.A.D.B.G. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation.
Inc.J. Publishers Sunderland. Oxford. Forest plantations.) Gaston. Bailey. distribution. Extinction of species. T. Oxford
University Press. types. Cambridge. status. 2004. Protection and restoration of species. II). 1973 2. B. Oxford University Press. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol.
1. Principles of Wildlife Management. Conserving Living Natural Resources. & Ripley. Threatened animals and plants. J. Participatory forest management. Weddell. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity. Biodiversity: An introduction. Sinauer Assocaites. Wetlands. Roberts. Status of forests in Pakistan. Essentials of Conservation Biology.(2nd Ed. Global and national biodiversity. Rangeland management. W. 1998. 1986. FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT
Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. Oxford.
1.J. S. threats and conservation. J. 3. And Bolen. Wildlife Ecology and Management. 1992.L. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation. Robinson. Blackwell Publsihing. USA. Establishment and management of protected areas. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management. their types and role in conservation. distribution. E. 1984. 2002. Roberts. Mcmillan. 5. types. Sustainable forest management. Oxford University Press.J.J. UK. Protected areas. Primack. 2002. Protected areas in Pakistan. its causes. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. biological diversity. habitats and ecosystems. their importance. 2. London. their ecological and economic importance. I). problems and solutions. management. Wildlife of Pakistan. & Spicer.
. distribution and management. 4. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. kinds. John Wiley And Sons. Loss of biodiversity. Oxford. 3. UK. R. T. Consumptive. COURSE 11
Introduction. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan. Forests. S. deforestation and its control. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge. K.
Ward.and Maser. Sustainable cities. Islamabad. Introducing Town Planning. 4. urban landscape characteristics. Silberstein. A. UK.. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development.. Clara. urbanization in Pakistan. G. Urban planning and management in Pakistan. E&UA Div. UK.
1. Longman Group. V.
London.. 1986. 2000. 2007. 3. Forms of urbanization. H. Urban land use planning and management. drinking water and solid waste in cities. management of transport. C. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. J. 1993. Ministry of Housing and Works. USA. USA. The Works: Anatomy of a City. Government of Pakistan.COURSE 12
ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT
Introduction. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages. CRC Press LLC. Planning and Urban Change.. future of urban centers. urban political ecology. urban systems and their characteristics. sanitation. SAGE Publications Ltd. Penguin Group. New York. 2004. 2. S. Environmental problems of urban life.
clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English
Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher
Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building
1. ISBN 0194313492
. Thomson and A.Annexure .A
COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES
English I (Functional English) Objectives:
Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. Oxford University Press.V. a) Functional English Grammar 1.J. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. 1997.
Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. Martinet. Exercises 1. Practical English Grammar by A. Third edition.
English II (Communication Skills)
Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. Reading. Third edition. and speed reading. Reading/Comprehension 1. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. 1997. Oxford University Press. Exercises 2. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. style and pronunciation)
Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review
a) Communication Skills Grammar
Practical English Grammar by A. Upper Intermediate. minutes of meetings. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Oxford Supplementary Skills.J.V. Thomson and A. intensive and extensive.
Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1.2. Writing. Third Impression 1992. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. Martinet. Fourth Impression 1993. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Oxford Supplementary Skills.
Fourth Impression 1992. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. Fourth Impression 1993. Third Impression 1991. Oxford University Press 1986. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. form. Reading.V.1. Writing.
Writing 1. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. Reading 1. discursive. Third Impression 1992. Martinet. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos.
English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills)
Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking
Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. narrative. Exercises 2.
Practical English Grammar by A. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing
Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building
Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. 2. descriptive and argumentative writing). language. Oxford Supplementary Skills. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. content. Thomson and A. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Advanced. Advanced by Ron White.J. clarity. Writing. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Third edition. 2. introduction to presentations. ISBN 0 19 435407 3
Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader.
descriptive. argumentative and report writing). Martin’s Press. without taxing the taste of engineering students). Compiled by norther Illinois University.
3.(particularly suitable for discursive. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. 2.
. Kathleen Shine Cain. 2004. St. A Custom Publication. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton.
College Writing Skills by John Langan. Kirszner and Stephen R. Mandell. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature.
Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. State & Society in Pakistan.M. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. 1977-88 e. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Economic institutions and issues b. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. Karachi: Oxford University Press.
3. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki.B
Pakistan Studies (Compulsory)
• • Develop vision of historical perspective. Lahore.
Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. Mehmood.
4. Muslim advent iii. S.Annexure . politics. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. Ethnicity d. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan.
1. 2. 2000. 1958-71 c. People and Land i. 1971-77 d.
. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. Zaidi. 1947-58 b. Safdar. ideological background of Pakistan. Study the process of governance. 1988-99 f. contemporary Pakistan. 1994. Indus Civilization ii. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. Akbar. 1993. 1999 onward
3. national development. government. Location and geo-physical features. Historical Perspective a. S. Society and social structure c. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e.
2. Shahid Javed.
Contemporary Pakistan a. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
. Politics in Pakistan. 7. Lahore: Vanguard. Khalid Bin. Karachi: Royal Book Company. 1980.
11. M. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. nd.
6. Sayeed. 1987. Aziz.5. Washington: American Enterprise. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia. Haq. Mehmood. Islamabad.
13. II & III. Ansar. 12. Enigma of Political Development. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. Political Parties in Pakistan. Rafique. Zahid. Club Road. Lawrence. Ethno . 1998. 8. Pakistan Under Martial Law. I. Tahir. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. Amin. Safdar.The Emergence of Banglades. Institute of Public Policy Research. 1980. Muhammad Waseem. Ziring. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. 9. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. Party. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.K.
14. K. 1967.
Wilcox. Afzal.National Movement in Pakistan. Vol. Wayne. History & Culture of Sindh. Noor ul. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. 1993. The Political System of Pakistan.
. 10. 1972. 1976.
W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.20) Related to thinking.21.C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory)
This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.57.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S. 2 (2-0)
Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran
Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.Tadabar (Verse No1.56.A.40.A.6.19.A. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.58.Annexure .W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina
.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.
in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family
.3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt.
Bhatia. International Islamic University. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad.” Hussain Hamid Hassan. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. IRI. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. Islamabad (2001)
. Pakistan. “Studies in Islamic Law. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute.3)
Ethical Values of Islam
2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9)
Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Emergence of Islam” .S. Ahmad Hasan.
COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS)
1.Annexure . Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. trigonometric identities. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. Beckenback EF. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. cube roots of unity.
Dolciani MP. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. College Algebra and Trigonometry. Houghton & Mifflin. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. 1987.D
Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. Boston
. PWS-Kent Company. types. matrix inverse. harmonic progression. geometric progression. types of functions. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. system of linear equations. 1986. Cramer’s rule. introduction to sets. complex numbers. set operations. determinants. Sharron S. PWS-Kent Company. 1978. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations.
MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA)
Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0
Specific Objectives of the Course:
To prepare the students. Boston Swokowski EW. functions. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. not majoring in mathematics. Matrices: Introduction to matrices.
Preliminaries: Real-number system. equations reducible to quadratic equations.
1983. intersection of two lines. Boston Thomas GB. integration by substitution. Bevens I. John Wiley. various forms of equation of a line. distance between two points.
Anton H. slope of a line. Calculus (11th edition). derivatives. Davis S. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Addison-Wesley. inequalities. Finney AR. 2005. integration by parts. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. Ma. change of variables in indefinite integrals. Calculus and Analytic Geometry.2. differentiation of polynomial. continuity. New York Stewart J. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. continuous functions. not majoring in mathematics. Calculus (3rd edition). left-hand and right-hand limits. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines.
. angle between two lines. parallel and perpendicular lines. not majoring in mathematics. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. 1995.
Preliminaries: Real-number line. equation of a line.
Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. USA 3. distance between a point and a line. solution of equations involving absolute values.
MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS)
Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0
Specific Objectives of the Course:
To prepare the students. 2005. rational and transcendental functions.
MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY)
Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours:
Specific Objectives of the Course:
To prepare the students. functions and their graphs. Reading. PWS-Kent Company.
Boston 4. • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. set operations. : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. Cramer’s rule. functions. Freshman and Company. circles determined by various conditions. types of functions. hyperbola. 1969 Kaufmann JE. inverse of matrices.
Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers.Circle: Equation of a circle. PWS-Kent Company. Analytic Geometry. 1987. the general-second-degree equation
Abraham S. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). intersection of lines and circles. types of matrices. Conic Sections: Parabola. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. 1986. PWS-Kent Company. locus of a point in various conditions. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. nature of roots of quadratic equations. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. Scott. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Introduction to sets. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations.
. 2008 and onward
Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives
To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. College Algebra and Trigonometry. determinants. Boston Swokowski EW. system of linear equations. equations reducible to quadratic equations. ellipse.
Measures of dispersion: Range. J. types of frequency series. PWS-Kent Company. discrete and continuous series. frequency polygon. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. individual. Prentice Hall. E. Boston. Graphs: Graph of straight line. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations.
2. inter quartile deviation mean deviation.
MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY
3 Mathematics at Secondary level
Credit Hours: Prerequisites:
Specific Objectives of Course:
To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. Latest Edition.
Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. cumulative frequency curve. standard deviation. R. R. E. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. ungrouped and grouped data. trigonometric identities.
. 4. Kaufmann. characteristics of statistics. tally sheet method. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. 3. deciles and percentiles. variance. array. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. R.
Latest Edition. quartiles.. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. skewness and kurtosis. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. relationship of statistics with social science. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. Walpole. Latest Edition. 5. 2... circle and trigonometric functions. Wilcox. moments. E.geometric and harmonic progressions. W. bar frequency diagram histogram.
11th Edition. Mathews. Integration by Parts. Solution of equations involving absolute values. the chain rule. E. Rational Functions. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. 3. Calculus. integral inequalities. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. Hughes-Hallett. Schaum’s Outline Series. Frank A.
MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS
Preliminary calculus. logarithmic integration.
2005.Jr. Swokowski. Extreme Values of Functions. integration by inspection. Trigonometric Functions. Inc. Inc. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. Continuity. reduction formulae. substitution method. 2005. Gleason. Rational and Transcendental Functions. Continuous Functions. products. the inverse of differentiation. 1983. et al. 8th edition. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. W. Davis. integration using partial fractions. quotients.
2. Calculus. Inequalities.
Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers
. Elliott Mendelson. sinusoidal function.Course Outline:
Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. Anton. • Integration Integration from first principles. McCallum. applications of integration. 2. Bevens.
1. Least-Squares Line. Addison Wesley publishing company. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. 5. Second Edition 1992. 2002. 4th edition. I. Thomas. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. Jhon Willey & Sons. John Wiley & Sons. and Transcendental Functions. integration by parts. Leibnitz’ theorem. 6. 1999.
1. 3rd Edition. Boston. Calculus. Prentice-Hall. 4. John H. theorems of differentiation. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. S. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. 6. Calculus Single and Multivariable. logarithmic differentiation. H. Slope of a Line. plane polar coordinates. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. special points of a function. implicit differentiation. infinite and improper integrals. Equation of a Line.
standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. inverses of hyperbolic functions. approximation errors in Taylor series. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. arithmetico-geometric series. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. the difference method. solving hyperbolic equations. alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. modulus and argument. complex conjugate. finding the nth roots of unity. identities of hyperbolic functions. geometric series. multiplication. series involving natural numbers.Additions and subtraction. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints
line to plane • Reciprocal vectors
7. line to line.
Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors.
Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. moments of inertia. Pappus’ theorems. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. vector product. centers of mass and centroids. masses. of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values
6. scalar triple product. of a unitary matrix. Hermitian. point to plane. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. orthogonal.5. unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. symmetric and antisymmetric. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices.
Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. the inner product. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line.
8. differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. combinations of grad. divergence of a vector field. spherical polar coordinates
Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates.
Change of origin and scale. Unit 3. Exercises. Type-I and Type-II errors. The semi-Interquartile Range. Stem and Leaf Display.Annexure . Probability and Probability Distributions. Unit 2. Exercises. level of significance. Ogive for Discrete Variable. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. sample design and sampling frame. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Exercises. sampling with and without replacement. Sources. Exercises Unit 6. Presentation of Data Introduction. Exercises. sampling and non sampling errors. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Histogram. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Exercises. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Different types of Averages. acceptance and rejection regions. Quantiles. Collection of primary and secondary data. Moments and Moments ratios. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Absolute and relative measures. Empirical Relation between Mean. Properties of variance and standard Deviation.E
INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS
Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. properties of Good Average. Poisson and Normal Distribution. probability and non-probability sampling. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Bar charts. null and alternative hypothesis. Historigram. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. The Variance and standard deviation. Statistical problem. Coefficient of variation. Rounding of a Number. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Significant digits. Box and Whisker Plot. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Test statistics. Observations. Unit 5. Editing of Data. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. Unit 7. Difference of means and proportions. bias. Standardized variables. Population. Graphs and their Construction. Range. The Mean Deviation. Data. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Errors of measurement. Exercises. Pie chart.
. Unit 4. Diagrams. The Mode. Median and mode. Types of frequency curves. Discrete and continuous variables. definition of outliers and their detection.
R. examples. simple linear regression. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. Inc. 2005. cause and effect relationships. Testing of Hypothesis. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction.. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. Unit 11.. r and R2. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples.Unit 8. Regression and Correlation Introduction. 1982. Examples
1 Walpole.Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. its estimation and interpretation. Coefficient of linear correlation. E. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. Correlation. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. New York.Single Population Introduction. F. “Introduction to Statistics”. Exercises Unit 9. Contingency Tables. 2 Muhammad. Exercises Unit 10. Exercises. 3rd Ed. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. Kitab Markaz. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. estimation of parameters and their interpretation.
. Macmillan Publishing Co.