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For BS MS
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………
6 12 14 50 51
50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. R&D organizations. It also aimed to give a basic. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees. 2009 at the HEC Regional Center. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. universities and other institutions of higher education. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge.ALTAF ALI G. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation. 63. the Federal Government vide notification No. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. Lahore. PROF. dated December 4th 1976. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. It is. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration. respective accreditation councils and stake holders. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards.PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. degree awarding institutions. The world has turned into a global village. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. and 36. D773/76-JEA (cur. therefore. SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 .). and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. DR. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17.
REC. Preparation 5 . National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRI. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I PREP. OF CURRI. UNI. LI R&D HEC Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. COL. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI. OF FINAL CURRI.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRI. PREP. OF NCRC. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREP. OF DRAFT BY NCRC REVIEW IMPLE. Abbreviations Used: NCRC. IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. EXP. R&D. QUESTIONNAIRE CONS.
Dr.Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. 7. Following attended the meeting:1. Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2. Lahore Member 6. Member 3. Member 5. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head. Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr. Dr. Karachi from 28-30. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. Member 4. Member 6 . Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. Dr. Rawalpindi Dr. Rawalpindi Dr. April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline. Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall.
Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr. Prof. Member 14. Dr. Dr. Member 10. 13. Dr. Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore. Member 16. Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. 7 . Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. Dr. Member 15. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi. Dr. Dr. Prof. Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof. Karachi Member 12. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9.8. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr. Member 11.
Muhammad Rafiq Rai. Islamabad coordinated the meeting. 8 . The meeting was opened by Mr. Member 19. 1. Secretary Dr. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. Dr. At first. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement. Mr. Dr. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr.17. Faisalabad Member 18. Director of HEC Regional Center. The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. 2. Member 20. Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. Shafiq-ur-Rehman. Mr. Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. Karachi. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University. Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr. Chairman.
Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities. Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 . 2.3. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. 1. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. 6. 5. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity. The committee thanked Mr. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment. The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. In last few centuries. The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. 4. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development. The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities. 3. Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses.
through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv. ii. Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. in its preliminary meeting. Apply theoretical understanding. skills and behaviour patterns. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. 5. and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5. Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 . RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. regional and global contexts. This committee. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility.
The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F.e. that: 1. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i. pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme. with consensus. Sc. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science. The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals. skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration. assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science. 3. 4. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3. Integrating natural sciences. 5. 1. 2. The 11 . Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment. UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles. DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee.. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level. Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature. 6. The medium of instruction.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. eight semesters in the semester system. A.
English-III 18. English-I 6. Environmental Microbiology 21. The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order. Biology –II* 9. Environmental Physics 16. Introduction to Earth Science 8.proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. Biology –I* 3. Basic Chemistry* 4. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7. Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19. Sociology/Anthropology* 11. Climatology* 23. Environmental Pollution 22. Introductory Economics* 17. Environmental Chemistry 15. Introduction to Environmental Science 2. Introduction to Computer 14. Fundamentals of Ecology 20. Psychology* . Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13. English-II 12. SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5.
Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30. Biodiversity & Conservation 35. ELECTIVE-III 42. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. Applied Ecology 26. Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25.24. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28. 46. Natural Resource Management 40. Environmental toxicology 27. English-IV/ Univ. Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours . Research Methods in Environmental Science 41. Opt. Climate Change 38. ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43. Environmental Economics 29. 45. 44. Environmental Impact Assessment 39. Environmental Management Systems 34. Environmental Biotechnology 32. Environmental Monitoring 36. ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31.
• Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical.
lipids. its importance in human life. 15 . urbanization. 4. L. proteins and nucleic acids.T. B.L. and their relationships with various environmental factors. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development. Botkin. biological and social. ethical.A. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth. M. 2002. Environmental Science: systems and solutions.. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future. environmental pollution.I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life. G. E. R. Wright. Human environment and its problems: global.DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline. ecological. 2. Major components of environment: physico-chemical. 4th Ed. development in industry and agriculture. Different aspects of environment: physical. 6th Ed. Schoch. Pearson Educational. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts.. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY . Miller. D. The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms.J. McKinney. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. history. R.M. 2007. national. 2007 3. current global. John Wiley & Sons.B & Keller. socio-economic. & Nebel. regional. 2007. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Recommended Books: 1. poverty and resource depletion. 10th Ed. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society. Thomson Learning. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment. & Yonavjak. philosophical. Environmental Science: working with the Earth.
Aromatic compounds.. D. 5th Edetion. Cell division. coordinate covalent bond. 2003. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. 8th Ed. USA. proteins. carboxylic acids. 2007. carbonyls. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals.Hill International Edition. J. Self Assessment and Revie. the molecule of genetic information and replication. USA. 2. lipids. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations. 2007. R. V. McGraw. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning. Ltd. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. protobionts. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology. B. Lingappa. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. 1996. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Plopper. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials.. N. amines). New York. and Whitelaw. M. Wadsworth Group. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods. polypeptides in protein diversity. Bulter. 5.Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin. Biology: a Human Emphasis. phospholipids in membrane systems. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. Molecular Biology through Questions. 2008. Australia . 3. Study of mitosis in onion root tip. 16 .. and Lewis. chemical diversity. Starr. Cassimeris. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. Shier. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. origin of metabolism. Crossley. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus. Cells. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. USA. esters. lipids. A. L.. Structure and the basis of function.. C. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. R. 4. Origin of life: chemical evolution. carbohydrates. Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell. The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. E. chemical basis of life. Canada. Introduction to cell biology. G. covalent. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions. Ionic. 1. Nucleic acids. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa. Lewis.
W. D. UK. D. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra. J. molal. simultaneous equations and their solutions.M.S. Freeman and Company.D.. equations of lines (linear equations). Thomson and Brooks. Solution chemistry. Girard. M. 5. Algebra of matrices.J. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations). and Holler.Special Products (Binomial Expression). determinants. coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane. Hill. 4. 2003. 2nd Edition. series and means.. Osmosis and Dialysis.J. UK. radicals. Matrices and Determinants: Matrix. 2004. law of Cosines. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. Measurement of pH.. 2nd Edition.E.H. double angle formulas. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. Cambridge University Press. P. 2004. minor and cofactor of a matrix... Liss.K. West. Jones and Barlett. and Reid. graphs.. Jickells. normal solutions/buffers. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. Sequence and series: Arithmetic. concepts of six basic trigonometric functions. USA. Brimblecombe. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. Understanding Environmental Pollution.. Canada. 8th Edition. EC and TDS in waste water.E. USA. Harris. Skoog.A. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional). Column chromatography. Use of spectrophotometric techniques. 17 . Surface chemistry. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane. Recommended Books: 1. F. real line. Photochemical reactions. P.C. Colloids chemistry. T. Thin layer chromatography. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles. J.. B. Andrews. COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences.ions. D. angle-sum formula. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. values of trigonometric functions. 3. 1st Ed. 2004. expansion of determinants. Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers. straight line and related concepts. 6th Edition. 2. Binomial theorem (Simple applications). geometric and harmonic sequence. Lab Work Preparation of molar. 2005. Blackwell Science. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula..
lineation and unconformities. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation. irreducible quadratic factors. Jr. theorem of integration. igneous and metamorphic rocks. California. plate tectonics. Analytical Geometry. Chain rule. Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography.. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. G. by parts integration (simple applications). Introduction to sedimentary. Abraham. product and quotient rules without derivations). difference. earthquakes and volcanoes. Chatterjee. composition and its internal structure.Cramer’s Rule. Recommended Books: 1. 1999. weathering and erosion. K. different earth processes like mountain buildings. joints. foliation. L.B. Addission. COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure . Scott Foresman and Company. D.B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. J. Thomas. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors. Fossils and their significance. Integration: Formulas of integration. theorems on differentiation (sum. 2. Earth as a member of solar system. Pacific Grove. Trignometry for College students. This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals. 4.A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure . 4th Ed. cleavages. New Delhi. erosion and related landforms. nonrepeated linear factors.Wesley. Narosa Publishing House. the processes of their formation. Smith. 3. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. R. Introduction to folds. its origin. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. and Finney. Introduction to rocks and minerals. 10th Ed. faults. 18 . age. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension.. S. mountain building. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. earthquakes. Weathering.
and Tasa. D. G. G. Tarbuck. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity.. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification.Identification of rocks and minerals. Lamarckism.. Prentice Hall. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat. protocell formation. J. K. Geographical aspects of biodiversity. R. and Pun. COURSE 8 BIOLOGY . Foundations of Structural Biology. Darwinism. Routledge.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps. examples of adjustments in varied environment. modern concepts. Biodiversity of hilly areas. Life in sea. Use of brunton compass and GPS. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories. 2007 3. 11th Edition. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation.. Park. Wicander. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species. Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life. multicellularity. E. consequences of losing biodiversity. J. causes of extinction. Tarbuck. E. How Does Earth Work. Brooks/Cole. Prentice Hall: 2006. different classification systems. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants.. 9th Edition. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. Physical Geology and Process of Science. population loss and decline.. Earth Science. 5th Edition. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms.. animals). J. biodiversity crises. K. Lutgens. 4. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water.. F. Geological time chart with biodiversity.II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. D. and Monroe. 19 . interactions among diversified life.. 2005. measuring biodiversity. Recommended Books: 1. 2007 2. Lutgens. A. crucial for organisms’ sustainability. 2004. Field Study tour. Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. R.. unicellularity. Biodiversity of deserts. Prentice Hall. Smith. and Tasa. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis. F. 5. Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology. 3rd Edition. molecular basis of biodiversity. invasion of life on land. Biodiversity of canal.
2006. 2nd Edition. Culture. COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure . Adam. culture and society. Environmental Risks and the Media. 2005. Understanding the environment-human relationship. Consumption. 4. C. Contemporary environmental status. Townsend. Recommended Books: 1. globalization and environmental issues. 20 . Inc.E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems. Allan & Carter. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. Blackwell Science Ltd. Gaston. Prospect Heights. J.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. Starr. Conceptualizing environment. John Wiley and Sons.K. I. Goals and expectations. Wadsworth Group. P. (editors). and Sustainable Living. 2001. 2000. Use of environment for vested interest. Biology. Walnut Creek. C. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions. and concerns. Inc. K. 2003. Tripartite nature of environment. The Ecology of global consumer culture. (editor). 2. J. power & hegemony. 2009. a Human Emphasis. Chronological. Routledge. Crumley. 3. New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. L. I. Scope and application. Biodiversity (An Introduction). K. USA. Nora and Wilk. Perspective of human-environment evolution. 3. UK. UK. Contemporary environment issues and debate. 2009. Hannen. New York: New York University Press. R. The Biosphere. IL:WavelandPress. 3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment.. 5th Edition. and Spicer.. 2. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. CA: AltaMira Press. Bradbury. UK. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology.
e-mail. internet. Courter. output hardware. Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures..6th Ed. Ed. processing hardware. Ms-Excel. Recommended Books: 1. 6.London 1996. Local Area Network. After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry. Hardware: Input Hardware. Software: Application software. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere. 21 . COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure .C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components.. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Milton. software packages. Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion. 2003. Long N.H. Ms-Access. Course Outlines Definition. Introduction to MS-Word. 2. Marquis A.Microsoft office 2000. Long l. Selin. as are their effects on the biosphere. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered.BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment. Operating system (Windows). Types and classification of computers. G. computer programs and basic applications.1999. Rutledge. K. Configurations. Ms-Power Point. Storage hardware.5.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure . system software. Fundamentals of computer. physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry.
interaction of light with matter. Energy conversion. J. Conversion of mass. Brimblecombe. photosynthesis. Banerji Prentice Hall of India. Energy. Environmental Chemistry. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light. M.E.Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry. 2nd Edition. India... Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light. Principles of Environmental Chemistry.M. Environmental Chemistry. P. Turbulent diffusion. Equations of fluid dynamics. Solids.. Samir.D. Electromagnetic radiation. 2004. Entropy. Transport of pollutants..T. J.G. Heat radiation and heat transfer.E. Measurement and comparison of the 22 ... Basic acoustics. 1999. Liss. and Reid. J. Global climate and climatic change. trophic level. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer. Fate of pollutants in environment. Fundamentals of aquatic. Springer. UK. Chemical reactions. Human perceptions and noise criteria. T.. Active control of sound. Jones and Barlett. 1st Edition. 2005. Miller. Environmental impact of various industries.J. Nuclear energy. Recommended Books: 1. K. 2008. Fregoso-Infante. A. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. 2004. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts... their sources and toxic actions. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants. Ozone and UV light. Andrews. atmospheric and soil chemistry.S. Jickells. Particle physics. Thomson-Brooks. Turbulent jets and plumes. C.. Gaussian plumes in the air. Reducing the transmission of sound. USA. and Singh. Girard. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems. DoriaSerrano. Ibanez. M. Germany. Canada. its causes and adverse effects on environment. 2. Turbulence. 5. Radioactivity and nuclear physics. Environmental Science. 4. P. Hernandez-Esparza. Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics. 3. Liquids and Gasses.. COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter. Blackwell Science. Solar spectrum. Sound and Noise. Isotopes and radioactive decay. Ozone chemistry. G. Diffusion. B.
USA. COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. John Wiley and Sons Inc. J. USA. Praxis publishing. 2. Measures for sustainable development. population and environmental quality. Environmental economics. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. Boeker. S. USA.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. producer and community point of view. 2001. New York. Sustainable development. C. 3. Kentucky USA. USA. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. H. E. Natural resources and the economy. Economic management and environmental quality. Pakistan economic context: National income. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development. Man environmental relationship. R. interaction between ecology and economic management. concepts and measurement. Course Outlines Introduction to economics. economic growth. Physics of the Environment and Climate. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. 2008. 23 . 2006. Economic Development. economic welfare and difference among all. S. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter.1998. 2. Growth and development. World Bank Publications. Seinfeld. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods. and Resource allocation. P. Growth and Environment. Routledge. Yusuf.Economic development. Environmental Physics. Wesely Publishers. Recommended Books: 1. economic progress. and Van Grondelle. Producer behavior. economic growth and its measurement. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. Impact of economic activity on environment. M. Smith. poverty. Field visit. Economic functions of environment. UK. Guyot. 7th Ed. Introductory Environmental Physics. Todaro. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. 2008. 4. 2001. John Wiley and Sons Inc. N. G.. and Pandis. Recommended Books: 1.
Palgrave Macmillan.3.. role of light. temperature. description of population. species. SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology. branches of ecology. community and ecosystem. 2. & Pierce. World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. and White. Farmington Hills. community. 2007. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. Russell. levels of ecological organization. B. J. the ethics of soil. Kessinger Publishing. 2008. M. N. population. 24 . R. LLC. Hanley. Frodeman.. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy. COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure . WCIV7AA. England. 4. Swift. concepts and approaches. Ecosystem and its types. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy. Portland 1967. 2009. Environmental Critics of agriculture. ethics and ecology. C. Environmental philosophy and ethics. J. and systems ecology. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale. Callicott. Shogren. 3.V.. USA.. Recommended Books: 1. DeVeer. London. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. Touchstone Books.A. D. International Thomson Publishing. Introduction to ethical theory. Economics. USA. its fundamental concepts. 2002. B. World Bank Publications. Ecology. soil. Natural philosophy. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. 2008. water. biogeography.A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems. 4. B. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy. Course Outlines Introduction. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. A History of Western Philosophy.
plant geography and animal distribution. Microbiology of terrestrial environments.L and Reiss. N. 5th Ed. aquatic microbiology. Populations. C. Lab Work 25 . community dynamics. 2000. Dash. E P. landscape changes and their importance. Thomson Brooks/Cole. King’s College London. students will be able to understand the significance. habitat and niche. M C J 1st ed. UK. Fundamentals of Ecology. Odum. WCB/McGraw-Hill. 1999 4.topography and air as ecological factors. Tata McGraw-Hill. with special emphasis on their environmental impact. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan.Cox. 3. Cambridge University Press. 6th Ed. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea. landscape ecology. characteristics of urban. Biomes of the world. aero-microbiology and food microbiology. J. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). UK. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. 1992. agricultural and industrial ecosystems. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. ecological modeling. Concepts of Limiting factors. After completion of this course. Recommended Books 1. bacteria and eukarya. 2004. New York. B. Systems ecology. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. distribution limits. and Barett. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems. COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment. role and application of microorganisms in the environment.W. P. G. M J. Ecosystem: structure and function. Biogeochemical cycles of C. various concepts of community. biotic factors. Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. Microbial metabolism. Chapman. Ecology (principles and applications). Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. New Delhi. 1st Ed. Fundamentals of Ecology. C. 2. J. 2001 5. and S. M. Population distribution and abundance. productivity of different ecosystems.) Moles. Ecology (concepts and applications. population dynamics. and More.
J. Hill.Gerba. Effects of Pollutants.and Brendecke..Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection. (Elsevier) USA. American Society for Microbiology. P. Sylvia. 26 . Recommended Books: 1. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal. Fuhrmann. Academic Press. isolation.V. Cambridge UK. 2. Collection. Washington DC. C. Butterworth-Heinemann. Recommended Books 1. and Stetzenbach. and Zuberer. Human & other living organisms. Noise. Environmental Pollution and Control. New Jersey.A. USA.P.I. Types of Environmental pollution: Air.W. Manual of Environmental Microbiology. I..A. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution.. Solid Waste generation. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel. W. 2005. London. 2005. 4. J. J. Pollution Control Strategies. Soil.. P. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic.and Vesilaind. 2005.. D. Water. Pepper. Academic Press. Prescott.1998. Prentice Hall. C.M. Knudsen. 4th Edition. International Protocols (BASAL Convention). UK. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution.D.. 2. R. M.L. Crawford.. its sources and their effects. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution. J. Microbiology.F. and Klein. F. Cambridge University Press. Case Studies. M. 2007. Marine & Industrial pollution.. 5. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual.P. Peiece. 2nd Edition. transportation & treatments. Fate of Environmental Pollutants. purification and preservation.M. 3. G. Environmental Microbiology. D.A. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water. Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents. 2 Edition..G. Academic Press. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines. 3. USA.C. D. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally. Hurrst. USA. Weiner.M. Hartel.P. Understanding Environmental Pollution. Harley.. Dilution plate technique. USA. A. McGraw Hill Inc. and Jeffery.L.J.J.. 2002. USA. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology. L.J. nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution. 2009. L.B.L. peppor. McInernery. and Gerba. R. Mean plate count. Maier.J.K..R. 1995..
6th Edition..2nd Editions. Radiation and climate. 4. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology. The Atmosphere. Solar radiations. Heat and the Earth's atmosphere. The Physics of Atmospheres. 3.E. Environmental psychology. The climate of Pakistan. Houghton J. 1992. The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan. Four Spheres of the Earth.K. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment. Climatology. condensation and cloud Formation. 1988. Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided. COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems.. Pandis. Mechanism of heat transfer. 2003.From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. A brief historical background and schools of psychology. 2002.4. John H. Tarbuck. processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. climatic zones of Pakistan. 2. Factors affecting air Pressure. 5. . 27 .W. Sadder. concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. John Wiley and Sons.J. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications. Lawrance K.. A.. Surface winds. K. Cambridge University Press. Weather and Climate. Recommended Books: 1. Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere.M. Karachi. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . Lutgens. Royal book company. The Hydrologic cycle. Spyros. N. 2006 5. Marcel Dekkar. American Public Health Association (APHA).F. Austin Miller. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere. air pressure. Methods of psychology. global circulation. Cloud Classification. COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences. local winds. Shamshad. Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater.
Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change. soil resources of Pakistan. P. limitation of irrigated agriculture. species response to pollutants. Fundamental of Psychology. Routledge. Ecology of food production.D. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. techniques and methods of restoration. and Baum A.. COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. Eysenck. Sustainable agricultural practices..C. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. concepts. sustainable agriculture. threats and mitigation. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives. Course Outline Introduction. London. Sustainable livestock management practices. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine.characteristics and research methods. Pollution control through Ecology. Water as an ecological resource. Water and distribution of species. soil salinity and water logging. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan.A. London. Future water scenario of Pakistan. solar radiation and primary production. CRC Press. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species. 2. High population density and psychological impacts. 2001. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. T. Background and scope. M. Fisher J. Soil as a natural resource. soil erosion and conservation. Environmental perception and cognition. Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. CRC Press. Greene. 1992. their management and ecological restoration. 28 . energy and carbon balance. 5th Edition. Ecological restoration. rivers. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. carbon dioxide and global climate change. Restoration of derelict lands. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. Bell. Recommended Books: 1. Routledge.W. Environmental Psychology.
Determination of Interaction of chemicals. Soil Science. in vivo & in vitro assays. Toxicity: Types and its measurement. Falk. Thomson Brooks/Cole.National Book Foundation. P. toxins vs toxicants. 1996. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic. Lahore. Determination of chemicals in biological samples. Mumtaz. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms. Island Press. Foundations of Restoration Ecology. 2000 2.S. 2006. and Hobbs..A. 2nd ed. Synergism. and Memon.Recommended Books: 1. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. Rashid. from natural and anthropogenic sources. B. on human and other living organisms. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. water and soil. 5.P. Chemical interactions and their types. USA. terminologies: Poisons. dose response relationship in living organisms. University of Peshawar. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. 29 . and Barett. E. Margaret A. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system. Potentiation and Addition. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water. 5th Edition. G. Israr-ud-Din.1998. 1989. Oxford. Blackwell Scientific Publications. soil and air samples. Islamabad. Pakistan’s Environment. their containment and control strategies.. J.W. D. Peshawar. Studies in Pakistan Geography. toxicity screening using microbial systems. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents. biological effects. K. Fundamentals of Ecology.. Organs. Zedler. Immunological considerations in toxicology. A. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. Odum E. COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals. J.I. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures. toxins & toxicants. 4.. 2004. K and Habib. Newman. R. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. toxicology of chemicals. Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History. Shirkat Gah. A. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals. 3. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications.
USA. USA. Klassen. Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. Recommended Books: 30 . Government of Pakistan. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology. culture. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann. COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development.Recommended Books 1. the economic benefits of different environmental resources. M. 3. General and Applied Toxicology. economic aspects of different environmental problems. measuring environmental benefits. Course Outlines Introduction to history. 1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development.2005 2.M. land. (ed. 1st Edition. Vol. Recommended Books 1. 1996. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement. Economic: agriculture. USA. CRC Press Llc. 1st Edition. the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements. Hughes. State of the Environment-Pakistan . First and Second law of Thermodynamics. the economy and the environment. urbanization and pollution. 1992. 2005 2. Environmental Profile of Pakistan. education.Science of Poisons . international trade and the environment. industry. Macmillan Press Ltd. clean development mechanism. Ecological: ecological zones. P. McGrawhill. major ecosystems. T and Turner. geography. 3. Williams. W. topographic zones.D. 1993.1 & 2. economic development and the environment.). pollution control-a general model. water resources. Ballantyne. people. Course Outlines Introduction. B. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York. W. health.. 5th Edition. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis.
Pearce. D. and derived S. 2005. Standard solutions and standard curves.. Titrimetery. Gravimetery. 2. 8th Edition. 1999. Oxford University Press. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry..1..I. Harris. B. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual. Thomson and Brooks. Freeman & Co. 2000. D. Analytical techniques for soil.. COD. Oxford. handling. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve.D. Johns Hopkins University Press. preparation and storage. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. Sparrow and D. Environmental Economics: An Introduction. 6th Edition. Data interpretation for quality control.2002. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction. Conductivitymetry. J.. USA. D. 1993. Sample collection. Environmental Economics.I. 3. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin. Fluoride. C.2004. Spectroscopy and Chromatography. 3.and Field. Field. D.K. NO3–N & NH4-N). M. A. COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. Conductivitymetry. 4. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association). instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive. units. Holler.R. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling. 2..L. C. M. Collingwood. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery. Use of Potentiometery. New York. precision and accuracy. soil (NPK and organic matter contents.UK. Reuter. West. All Solids. Australia. water and plant analysis. Biomarkers in environmental assessment. and Batemen. Titrimetery. BOD. and F. salinity & sodicity). K. 31 . Sample preservation methods.W. L. I.C. Gravimetery. Recommended Books: 1. Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory.A. Kolstad.J. Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH. Turner. Skoog. Lab Work S.K. CSIRO Publ. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. 2003. Peverill.
COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 . Hans- Joachim.1999. and Josef. 5th Ed. 2007. J. USA. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques. (ed.living organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution. 2005. USA.COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments.E. Biomarkers. 2nd Ed. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. and Russel. Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants. J. National Biosafety Guidelines. Bioreactors. D. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms. 2001. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns. England. 3. USA. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. Recombinant DNA technology. Cambridge University Press. 2009. Oxford University Press. A.. PCR. 4. Tools in environmental biotechnology. Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems.D. students will be able to understand the significance. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd. J. National Biotechnology Commission. Recommended Books 1. Biosensor. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures. Introduction to microbial kinetics. Isolation. After completion of this course. New York. Germany. 2. Scragg. Derbre. New York.). Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual.P.. Environmental Biotechnology. Biotechnology. 2005. Sambrook. Chichoster. Government of Pakistan. Smith. purification and preservation of DNA.W. W. Wiley-VCH Verlag. Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment. Course Outlines Introduction. and application of biotechnology in the environment.
5. Satellite Imageries. Inc. Inc. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. Agriculture. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission.Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. history and platforms. Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. R. Harvey. Active and Passive remote sensing. Jensen. eradication of the duplicated data. 2. Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. 2009. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). Dessinov. Different types of maps. 3. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. advantages and limitations of process. 2000. History and data collection. Preparation of thematic maps. integration of information from many sources. A. Introduction to GIS. 1999. Data acquisition. Aerial photography. Types of data used in GIS. Fishery and wildlife. map projection and coordinate systems. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. Lulla. Pearsons Education. Forestry. 2000. Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. Mc Graw Hill Education. Inc. F. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. analysis and output. Introduction to Photogrammetry. Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. V. Interpretation. Campbell. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1. Guilfoud press New York. John Wiley and Sons. Data entry and output. COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . Image Processing. Energy Sources. 2008. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. John Wiley and Sons. Z. A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. K and L. Using and reading GPS in field. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. 4. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. Cartography. Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). Rancez.
and Yoxon. Systems and Support Techniques. principles of Cleaner production. Related Environmental legislation.). alpha and beta diversity. 2. COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. A. 3. Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan. 2005. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. philosophical. cleaner technologies. 2001. F. threats to biodiversity and its conservation. ecological.2nd Ed. 1998. Course Outlines Introduction. Environmental aspects and impacts. Methods of environmental protection. M. Khan. WWF Pakistan. economic. standards and guidelines. 4. Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles. Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1.. and Qasim. 34 . need and approach. Environmental Management tools. B. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS).C. Sheldon. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production. Certification of EMS. Conservation of biodiversity. Environmental Management Systems Principles. American Society for Quality. etc.This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits.. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. eco-design.3rd Edition . 2006. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). American Society for Quality. International Organization for Standardization. threats to biodiversity. M. plant. types of biodiversity. Michigan. Environmental Economy.. Environment and sustainable development. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management. social and ethical values of biodiversity. hot spots of biodiversity.
the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora.B. A Primer for Conservation Biology. Legal protection of species. role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation.B. Lab Work Sampling techniques (air. Sinauer. 1998. 2000. quality assessment. 2000. Preservation methods including pH control. Recommended Books: 1. forests. conservation in man-made ecosystems. Cox. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. plants. Saad Printers.R. habitats. design and types of samples. croplands. Course Outlines Introduction. conservation and livelihood.D. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. quality control sampling. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes. community and ecosystem level. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques. conservation strategies. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring. Quality assurance and quality control. EIA requirement. international agreements.conservation at species. P. Publ. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment. protected areas. Mirza. field custody. Lahore). chemical addition.e. Associates Inc. in-situ and ex-situ conservation. Biogeography. Kings College. national and international laws and regulations.B. London. ecotourism. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i. population. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan. cities. presampling requirements/information. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme. air. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing.. P. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring. refrigeration and freezing methods.. 35 . Rawalpindi. and Morre. 2ndEd. role of traditional knowledge in conservation. Conservation of wildlife. Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan. management. Sunderland. laboratory custody. water. Z. Considerations.. 2. 3. sampling and design purposes. soil and living organisms. C. NOC for plant operation. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. their categories.
R.. L. COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change. Air Pollution and Acid Rain.Recommended Books: 1. 3. E. D. S. Peakall. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. . human health. Tokyo. chemical. 2008. Earth Observation of Global Change. 8. S. and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change.1999. USA. Regional droughts and 36 . 5. altered community structure.1996. Lewis Publisher London. extinctions. 2002. Precipitation. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data. Chuviero. and Guethner. Recent Climate Change Indicators. its causes and effects. Energy and Temperature. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate. E.USA. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention.) McGraw-Hill. USA. D. Physical. Japan Association on Remote Sensing. N. H. 2. USA. 7. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. 2nd Edition. Forstner U. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide. Human responses to potential climate change. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. and social factors contributing to climate and global change. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts. 2008. agriculture. Keith. 2002. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. Chapman and Hall. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. biological. New York. (ed) Springer. I. Environmental Chemistry.. Remote Sensing Note. 6. 2000. regional. Korte. Moisture in the Atmosphere. F. Manahan. McKlivie. The Measurement of Climate Change. Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change. Patterns in Winds and Pressure. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. 1992. Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. (eds. Ozone depletion. UK. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course. phenological changes. Murai. Burden.
Climate Change . London. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T.. J.. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. Oxford. Climate Change . & Nixon. 2005. role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis. 1st Edition. Global Warming and Climate Change. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan. EIA project management. social impact assessment (SIA). D. 37 . Islamabad. solids. Blackwell. 2003. Hardy. A. Sringer. Recommended Books: 1. 2.. 1994. Cost and benefits of EIA. 3. Ministry of Housing and Works. principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society. Recommended Books: 1. 2000. and Solutions. Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2). T. National Book Foundation. and Solutions. impact analysis. scoping. 2005. (ed.. 5. 6. mitigation and impact management. public involvement. 4. Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems.T. 3. review of EIA quality. and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction. reporting.O. and noise. 2. Routledge. screening. liquid. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice. Harrop.Causes. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems. 2005.. EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels. 1986. R.cataclysmic climate change. London. Types & Resources to produce Energy. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. A.(ed). Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment.. Effects. overview. John Wiley & Sons. Therivel.Causes.A. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts. Islamabad. project implementation and follow up. Effects.). Glasson. J. Houghton. J. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. Hardy. John Wiley & Sons. Main stages in EIA process. Earthscan Publication Ltd. J. COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project. 1999. law. 4. Global Change and the earth system. 2003. decision-making to implement the project. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. and Chadwick. J.. Petts. Keith. 2004.
Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level. USA. R.. problem in agriculture. Sadler. Conservation in Progress. A. requirement. management options. (ed. national and provincial legislation. national agriculture policy. Asian Development Bank. 1997. S.. existing management approaches. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy. agriculture chemicals. R. methodologies. M. New York..B and Warren. 6. 1993. J. 2002. Watershed management: Importance basic principles... effective management. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area. Evans. Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. F. Carpenter.). importance. causes and methods for its improvement. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level.5. Types. process and contents of the management plan. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification. Development of Management Plan: needs. Lohani. Rangeland Management: existing status. threats. and Tu. Recommended Books: 1. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies. B. wildlife census. 2nd Edition. 38 . EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual. John Willey & Sons. threat and its causes. solar power. wind power and nuclear power. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources. limitation in the future. & McCabe.. United Nations Environment Programme. agriculture products and their share in GDP. management options. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. best available option for future.. occurrence and distribution of natural resources. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. forest types and its existing management. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. Everitt. their current status and threats. Goldsmith. H. their pros and cons. Ludwig. national example. B. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan.
Elsevier. Bibliography. John Wiley & Sons. Interviews. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment.E. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice. Literature Search: Database.F. 1984. research methods. V. 1992. & Plano Clark. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. types of sampling design/. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Scientific Research: Science. Inference based on findings. and Jorqensen. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design.2.1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study. Research Design & Research Methods. Sage CA. New York. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1. Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf. P. population and sampling frames. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem. Methodology. and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research.Amsterdam. to introduce students to research design. Review of Literature. Dasmann. W. 1990. Review of Literature. Experimental Research. Islamabad. concepts and terminologies. Sampling: the logic of sampling. Surveys. 3. Environmental Conservation. Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison).. Selecting the Research Method. Case Studies.A pre-requisite for Research. 39 . Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. S. GOP and IUCN. Creswell. London. J. R. Hansen. 2007.L. Objectives. Research Proposal: its importance .E. How to put things together? Introduction. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods. Material Methods. Questionnaire. Thousand Oaks. USA. Search Engines. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. Scientific Methods. 4. 5.
E. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans. Recommended Books: 1. John and sons Ltd. Diamon. Survey Research Methods. Booth. 3rd Edition. Qadar. 1989. The Craft of Research by Wayne C. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers.Harrad.2. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan. and Arhonditsis. Robert Yin. of Chicago Press. S. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 . 6. regulations made there under. Babbie. SNBP Local Government Ordinance. USA. 5.. G.. R..Batty. M. Belmont California.. Students project in Environmental Science. 2001 and the rules of business made there under. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. 2003. Writing Science Through Critical Thinking. Univ. 4. USA. Government of Pakistan 3. 3. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance. 2nd Edition. Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation. Wadsworth Publishing Company. 2003.h. 2. England. 2001. 1997. Marilyn F.S.USA. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development. Moriarty. 1997. Law Books House. Sage Publishers. 2008. National Conservation Strategy 5. National Environmental Policy 4. Chichester. 2000.
This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45
POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46
RESEARCH PROJECT/ INTERNSHIP
E-I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY
To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,
5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.
Cheema. flood and droughts. water supply and demand management measures. Islamabad. wetlands resources management. (eds. R. U. Groundwater Resources of Pakistan. Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant.. recycling and re-use of wastewater. Ahmed. Khan. Revised & enlarged edition. 4. Recommended Books: 1. pollution aspects. Asia Printer.).Varis. Lahore. precipitation distribution in Pakistan. and Malik. 2006. R. with drinking water facilities like springs. Mirajuddin Publication . A. Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT). how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment.1993. Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia.. Ahmed. C. 2006. J. O. and Tortajada. Islamabad. Mirajuddin Publication . water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan. (ed. Briscoe. 44 .. 5. Course Outlines Water resource and its management. K. Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization. fisheries management. Pakistan . 2003. N. The Politics of Managing Water. groundwater exploitation. P. tubewells. 1993. Biswas.E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan. flood and drought management. 6.. A. 3. I. Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. Oxford University Press New Delhi. hydrological cycle. Indus Water Accord 1991. like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. 2.). water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan.K. Pakistan... Oxford University Press Karachi. watershed/catchment. virtual water. improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency. it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects. Bengali. SDPI Oxford University Press.. and Qamar. water quality and quantity aspects. climate change and its impacts on our future water resources. 2005.Lahore. N. A. integrated water resources management (IWRM).
Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. 2007. urban patterns and ecosystem functions. Urban ecosystem. USA. urbanization in Pakistan. Physical and chemical properties of soil. Hillel. NJ. Upper Saddle River. Types and properties of parent materials. Soil degradation. urban flora and fauna. Forms of urbanization. and Weil. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. residential mobility and the neighborhood change. R. hydrological processes.. NJ. Upper Saddle River. Urbanization. National Book Foundation. Factors and processes of soil formation. Prentice Hall. and Bantel. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. urban political ecology. Definition. Soil forming minerals.T. 45 . Soil buffering capacity and its importance. Soil Science. Islamabad. management and green productivity.W. 2007. Brady. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. 2008. Process and outcome. 1996. Course Outlines Introduction.. Academic Press. CA. PrenticeHall. D. Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils.R. R. future of urban centers. USA. urban settlements. Course Outlines Introduction. soils. humans as components of urban ecosystems.C. Gardiner.E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. Pakistan. Soils in Our Environment. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. San Diego. 11th Edition. D. E. 1. urban landscapes characteristics. Bashir. Causes of urbanization. After completion of this course. Miller. N. Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. the salient features of urban environments. Cation and anion exchange. R. transport. USA. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes.
Gilbert. 1989. S. Silberstein. CRC Press LLC. UK. Planning and Urban Change. 2. D. UK. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. 4. Principles of planning. Types of Urban Plans. 2. London. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management.and Kowaril. Springer. Hague. nd 2 Edition..L. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability.. New trends in planning and city management. Chapman and Hall. C. 5. 1. I. UK. UR. Levels of planning. The Works: Anatomy of a City. Aims and Objectives of planning. Hough. Land use planning theories.. SAGE Publications Ltd.Recommended Books: Urban Ecology. Justification for planning for city management. nature and purpose of urban planning. 2006. Scope. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. USA. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city. E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. Sukopp. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. London. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan.and Maser. Recommended Books: 1.S. USA. Penguin Group. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems. S. Planning and its relationship with other professions. City Design for Sustainable Development. J. Routledge. Smith. Elements of urban planning. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level. Ward. Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area. Planning theories and concepts. 2000. M. The Ecology of Urban Habitats. 2007. 3. Kate. O.. New York. 2004. 2009. 2004.1990. Hejny.. A. SBS academic publishing. Alberti. 46 . Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans. V. Routledge. H. The planning process. M.
Socio-economic factors. It discusses a wide range of aspects. The Guilford Press.. R.. New York.UNESCO. International phenomenon. Natural Disasters Alexander. H. E&UA Div. ADB.F. 3. 4. 47 . Earthquake. Paris. Disaster as an opportunity for development. It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization. Techniques and methods to assess hazard. 1993. Clara. Boulder ..B.3. Recommended Books: 1. G. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development.. 2. 1993.W. Natural cycles and their role.W.. 2nd Edition. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N. Chapman & Hall. New York. D. 1993. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum. 1991. The Environment as Hazard Burton I. Disaster Management Trainings and Policies. Cultural factors. Hazards. Islamabad. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches.e. Landslide. Westview Press. 4. Introducing Town Planning. Kates. P. Flood Management: Organizational Role. Government of Pakistan. Political factors. Disaster Management: Components of management. Ministry of Housing and Works. and Woodrow. and White G. 1986. Different approaches and Indicators. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors. M. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies.. 1989.. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies. Manila.. Prediction. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies. Longman Group. Role of Media in Disaster Management. Physical factors. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms. UK. Earthquake Management.J. i. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made. Flooding. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research.
E. 1. McKinney. John Wiley and Sons. Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem. consumers. 48 . decomposers. R. Farming practices for pests and weeds control..W. Course Outlines Energy-development and environment.C. Schoch. 1983. Agroecology. Phytoremediation and bioremediation. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. D.5. 2001. F. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem.. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. solar. types. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources. Paris. 2007. Biotic structure. L.B and Keller. biomass resources. local. uses. 2. A. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment. merits and demerits of wind. energy resources. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation. OECD/IEA.A. Disasters and Development Cuny. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Consumer and producer relationship. hydropower.M. 1984.L. and Yonavjak. M. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems. New York. Quorum Books. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. Deforestation for agricultural purposes.. alternate energy resources. USA. sustainable energy management. Botkin. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers. energy resources of Pakistan. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. 3. 2007.H. 6th Edition. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources. primary producers. Sustainable livestock management. Perry R. environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources. 4th Edition. Ecological concept in crop and food production. Westport. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life. 6. and Mushkatel.
P. Experimental Plant Ecology.R. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species.M. Kapur. McGraw Hill Publishing Company.Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram. 1995.A. M. India. New York. Corol. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity. Study of stratification and profile diagram.Determination of density and abundance of plant species. 3. Yandermeer J. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture. P. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity. and Sudha. Recommended Books: 1. R. E-11 Seminar 49 . Westview Press. CBS Publishers and Distributors. Boulder. 2000.. 2. Altreri. 1990.H. Agrocology. USA. C. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species. and Rossel. New Delhi. USA. Study of index of diversity.G.
the Committee agreed on the following principles. The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor. 4. 5. 2. that: 1. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science. The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines. The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. 50 . 3. The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science. availability of the faculty and other facilities.
7. 21. 3. 4. 24. The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. 6. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. 13. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 2. 15. 14. 11. 23. 26. 12. 2. 4. 19. 18. 22. 10. Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. 8. 11. 25. 6. 9. 16. 5. 20.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. 12. 3. 17. 7. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 . 8. 10. 9. 5.
DETAILS OF M. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. Geography of Pakistan. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan. Regional and International Environmental Issues. Karachi.. Carrying capacity and sustainable development. Mackenzie. development of concepts. status of Terrestrial. London. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future.. Environmental control Policies. Money. 2. and Bell. S. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling. Ball. NCS. 2.E. Treaties. Amsterdam.F.T. 1987. Oxford University Press. Environment People and Economy. Conservation Strategies. Recommended Books: 1. Mackenzie J. Conventions and Protocols in Global. Islamabad. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). 52 . 1992. Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management. 4.1995. COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management. S. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems..S. London Black Stone Press Ltd. Draft National Environmental Policy.A.. F. 3.1994. GOP and IUCN. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences. Oxford University Press. Relationship of culture. Provincial and Local Strategies. Elsevier.E. P. FURTHER READINGS 1. Khan K. 2nd Edition. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan. Hodder and Stoughton. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall. technology and resource use. and Jorqensen. WCS.1994. 1991. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment. Instruments and methods.1991. S. Hansen. 3. D..
2. 53 . sample collection and preservation. Air and Solid Waste. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants. Longman House. F & Bronstein. Greenberg (American Public Health Association).. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. England. C. procedures and methods of EIA. ed. DC. Harlow Essex. Environmental auditing. role and importance. John Wiley & Sons. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment. 1995. COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. Demographic impact assessment. Washington. World Bank. FURTHER READINGS 1. 2. WB. Sectoral guidelines for EIA. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery. Wood. Ahmed. opportunities and issues. Government of Pakistan. Gas Chromatography etc. 1993. Environmental Chemical Analysis. Assessment of environmental impacts. D. A. UK. 1995. K. Case Studies and review. sampling rules. Chichester. Recommended Books: 1. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater.COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction. process. Ministry of Environment. economic impact assessment. Principles of physical.Vanclay. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). ecological impact assessment. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. History. Wastewater.A. Environment Department. Burnt Hill. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). 3. A one Publishers Lahore. Recommended Books: 1. Ed. Environmental and Social Impact assessment. social impact assessment. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements. Cost benefit analysis of projects. Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. Longman Scientific and Technical.
T. work breakdown structure. Public health concept. Caeneross. Writing Project Proposal. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects)... Oxford University Press New York. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine.. air borne. Primary health care services. Defining Project objectives. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. L. UK. S. Need identification. 1st Ed. M. Project Life Cycle. activities. London. Project Initiation. 1997. A Guide to Project Management. M/S Banarsid. 3. B. Occupational Health: problems and issues. 2. T. economic evaluation. Government Policies and Programs. inputs. New York. Planning Commission Performas. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic. J.. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). Meredith J. Mantel s. Lippmann. Project Management: A Managerial Approach. Recommended Books: 1. Environmental Health Engineering. 1993. 5. A.. R. J. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. and Wright. Ergonomic and Safety. communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne. indicators. 2nd Ed. feasibility study. specific objectives. Wiley Interscience.. Basic Environmental Health. 1992. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. Van Nostrand and Reinhold. principles and practices. K. outputs. Prentice Hall International Inc. R. Project Planning and Approval Processes. T. Kjelllström. USA. 2001. 54 . Resource Mobilization. COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems. Project Management Institute. 2. MS Project Recommended Books: 1. 1st ed. Project Planning. and Guidotti.. development objectives. T. prevention and control. 4. Park. Inc.COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. assumptions. 2002. Accident prevention and safety plans. Reasons for Project success or failure. Yassi. food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. USA. 1st Ed.. means of verification. de Kok. John Wiley and Sons. Nebel.. safety techniques. 1998.2000.
data collection and interpretation. 2007. St Luise Press. Schoch. sustainable energy management for agriculture. Paris. Recommended Books: 1. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. 1990b. USA. Paris. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management. merits and demerits of wind.COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. types. solar. Switzerland. hydropower. 6th Edition. 3. 2.L. Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. transport. 2001. John Wiley and Sons. Michigan-January 2001. uses. ISO Central Secretariat. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. principles and elements of the process of EMS. Botkin. nuclear) local. 4. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal. 1998. E. OECD/IEA.A. D. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Environmental auditing. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet.M. M. 55 . Related Environmental regulations. R. 4th Edition. 3. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). McKinney. gas. L. Principles of cleaner production.. industry and domestic sectors. energy resources. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms. ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family. D. Sayre. Sources of data. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. energy resources of Pakistan. non-renewable and renewable. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. petroleum. Environmental Auditing. alternate energy resources.B and Keller. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Recommended Books: 1. bio-energy resources. 2. and Yonavjak. 2007.
3. types of climate change models. Earthscan Publication Ltd. E. climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. Berlin.D. Recommended Books: 1. 2003. ED. geographical and temporal patterns.T. Maarel. Springer. Blackwell Publishing. UK. 2005.Causes. London. water resources. 2. Recommended Books: 1. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. Beck. 2005. John Wiley & Sons. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. E & Muller-Hohenstein. UK 1991. B & Jager.. Effects. Modeling of climate change. J. 2005. Climate Change . management and restoration. 1st Edition. Climate change and food production. plant conservation. 1. 56 .COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. Species richness. (Ed. Life history strategies of plants. COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. The Green House Effect. John Wiley & Sons. & Charlesworth. and Solutions. forests. Warrick. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics. and Solutions.). competition and coexistence. Climate Change . (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. K. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. Green House Gases. plant invasions. D. 3. Blackwell Publishing. etc. types and their climatic effects. resources and plants. Silvertown. J. T. Climate Change and Ecosystems. Hardy. 2005. 2004. D. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. vegetation dynamics. 5. Oxford. Introduction to Plant Population Biology. survival and extinction. Houghton.. ECOPE 29.Causes. Chichester. Vegetation Ecology Ed. 2. human activities and vegetation dynamics. global aspects of plant ecology. 4. Effects. 2003. J. Shulze. Plant Ecology. Hardy. John Wiley & Sons. Oxford UK. Plant population dynamics.
1992. Sustainable forest management. biological diversity. And Bolen. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. Rangeland management. T.B. Global and national biodiversity. Primack.J. Essentials of Conservation Biology. 1986. 2. status. B. T. deforestation and its control. E. 57 . II). 2002. kinds. Robinson. 2002. Roberts. their importance. S. types. USA.COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction. Cambridge. London. Loss of biodiversity. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation. Consumptive. Recommended Books: 1. 1973 2. I). distribution. Blackwell Publsihing. R. Protection and restoration of species. Forest plantations. Bailey. 4. 1998. Threatened animals and plants. Oxford University Press. Protected areas in Pakistan. its causes. Cambridge.) Gaston.L. Oxford University Press. Principles of Wildlife Management. Oxford. Inc. Conserving Living Natural Resources. Protected areas. W. distribution and management. management. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity. 3. UK. 3. Wetlands. distribution. Wildlife Ecology and Management. threats and conservation. K. Establishment and management of protected areas. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. COURSE 11 WILDLIFE.J. S. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali. Participatory forest management. & Spicer. Recommended Books: 1. Cambridge University Press. Wildlife of Pakistan. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan. 5. 2004. their types and role in conservation. & Ripley. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity.(2nd Ed. Forests. Publishers Sunderland. FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. 1984. Oxford. Status of forests in Pakistan. Weddell. types.J. habitats and ecosystems. problems and solutions. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management. J. Oxford. Mcmillan. Extinction of species. John Wiley And Sons. UK. Biodiversity: An introduction. J. Roberts. Sinauer Assocaites. their ecological and economic importance. Oxford University Press.G.A.J.D.
USA.. Ministry of Housing and Works. J. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages. The Works: Anatomy of a City.COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction. urban political ecology. E&UA Div. S. 2. urbanization in Pakistan. 2000. Urban land use planning and management. drinking water and solid waste in cities. Recommended Books: 1. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. 2004.and Maser.. Urban planning and management in Pakistan. urban systems and their characteristics. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. management of transport. G. USA. Islamabad. CRC Press LLC. Silberstein. 1986.. 58 . Planning and Urban Change. sanitation. London. SAGE Publications Ltd. Kate. V. Sustainable cities. Government of Pakistan. Longman Group. Penguin Group. Introducing Town Planning. Environmental problems of urban life. Ward. 3. A. Forms of urbanization. C. UK. urban landscape characteristics. H. future of urban centers. 1993.. 2007. 4. New York. UK. Clara.
Exercises 1. Third edition. 1997. ISBN 0194313492 59 . Oxford University Press.J.V. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. Martinet. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1. a) Functional English Grammar 1.Annexure .A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. Thomson and A. Practical English Grammar by A.
minutes of meetings. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. intensive and extensive. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Writing. Oxford University Press. Reading. Martinet. Fourth Impression 1993. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. Oxford Supplementary Skills.V. Oxford Supplementary Skills. 1997.2. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. Exercises 2. Third Impression 1992. and speed reading. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. b) Practical English Grammar by A. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1.J. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 . Thomson and A. Third edition. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Upper Intermediate. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. Reading/Comprehension 1.
ISBN 0 19 431350 6. content. c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Martinet. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. language. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Oxford Supplementary Skills. form. Writing. Third edition. discursive. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Advanced by Ron White. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. b) Writing 1. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin.J. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. 2. Thomson and A. Oxford University Press 1986. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 . Writing. introduction to presentations. narrative. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. Fourth Impression 1993. Fourth Impression 1992. Practical English Grammar by A. Oxford Supplementary Skills. 2. descriptive and argumentative writing).1. clarity. Third Impression 1991. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Exercises 2. Advanced.V. Reading. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. Third Impression 1992. Reading 1. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. Writing. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3.
A Custom Publication. 2004. argumentative and report writing). 3. 2. without taxing the taste of engineering students). 62 . College Writing Skills by John Langan. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. Mandell.(particularly suitable for discursive. Kathleen Shine Cain. Kirszner and Stephen R. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. St. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. Martin’s Press. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. descriptive. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. Compiled by norther Illinois University.
Society and social structure c. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. politics. 1971-77 d. Zaidi. Historical Perspective a. 1988-99 f. national development.B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. 1994. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Mehmood. Location and geo-physical features. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. 1977-88 e. Course Outline 1. Study the process of governance. 3.M. government. . 4. People and Land i. Economic institutions and issues b. S. contemporary Pakistan. Contemporary Pakistan a. 1999 onward 3. State & Society in Pakistan. Akbar. 63 Books Recommended 1. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. b. Ethnicity d. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. 2000. 2. Safdar. Indus Civilization ii. 1993. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. Muslim advent iii. Lahore. 2. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. S. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis.Annexure . Burke and Lawrence Ziring. Karachi: Oxford University Press. 1947-58 b. ideological background of Pakistan. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki. Shahid Javed. 1958-71 c.
nd. Afzal. Khalid Bin. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. History & Culture of Sindh. 8. Rafique. Aziz. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. 1967. 1998. Safdar.. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Ansar. 7. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. Wilcox. 64 .5. Wayne. 10. Party. K.The Emergence of Banglades. Pakistan Under Martial Law. Political Parties in Pakistan. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. The Political System of Pakistan. 9. Enigma of Political Development. Karachi: Royal Book Company. 11. Lahore: Vanguard. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. M. 1980. Noor ul.National Movement in Pakistan. Zahid. 1972. I. 12. 1980. Lawrence. 1987. Islamabad. Mehmood. II & III. Institute of Public Policy Research. Sayeed. Muhammad Waseem. 1976. Ziring. Club Road. Washington: American Enterprise. Haq. 13. Politics in Pakistan. Ethno .K. 14. Tahir. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. 6. 1993. Amin. Vol.
) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 .C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.56.40.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.21.A.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.A. 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.57.58.A.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.20) Related to thinking.Tadabar (Verse No1.Annexure .6.19.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.
in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt.
Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute.” Hussain Hamid Hassan. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. “Emergence of Islam” . International Islamic University.3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. Pakistan. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. Ahmad Hasan.S. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. IRI. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. Bhatia. Islamabad (2001) 67 . “Studies in Islamic Law.
COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. types. 1987. harmonic progression. Boston 68 . MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Beckenback EF. Wooton W. set operations. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. system of linear equations. Boston Swokowski EW. determinants. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. Sharron S. PWS-Kent Company.Annexure . complex numbers. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. equations reducible to quadratic equations. 1978. matrix inverse. types of functions. PWS-Kent Company.D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. 1986. cube roots of unity. Houghton & Mifflin. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. functions. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. Cramer’s rule. College Algebra and Trigonometry. trigonometric identities. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. not majoring in mathematics. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. geometric progression. introduction to sets. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines.
derivatives. Calculus (11th edition). Bevens I. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. equation of a line. 69 . Boston Thomas GB. Addison-Wesley. Recommended Books: Anton H. Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. not majoring in mathematics. John Wiley. Davis S. inequalities. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. 1983. various forms of equation of a line. rational and transcendental functions. angle between two lines. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. Reading. PWS-Kent Company. distance between two points.2. USA 3. 2005. change of variables in indefinite integrals. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. distance between a point and a line. Finney AR. intersection of two lines. integration by parts. continuous functions. 2005. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. left-hand and right-hand limits. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Ma. Calculus (3rd edition). integration by substitution. continuity. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). slope of a line. parallel and perpendicular lines. not majoring in mathematics. differentiation of polynomial. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. 1995. functions and their graphs. New York Stewart J. solution of equations involving absolute values. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines.
PWS-Kent Company. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. College Algebra and Trigonometry. • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. 1969 Kaufmann JE. types of functions. Boston 4. system of linear equations. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. equations reducible to quadratic equations. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. Freshman and Company. 1986. 1987. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). Scott. Cramer’s rule. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. • Contents 1. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). functions. 70 . nature of roots of quadratic equations. : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. set operations. Boston Swokowski EW. types of matrices. intersection of lines and circles. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination.Circle: Equation of a circle. Conic Sections: Parabola. inverse of matrices. : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. hyperbola. Analytic Geometry. circles determined by various conditions. ellipse. PWS-Kent Company. locus of a point in various conditions. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. Introduction to sets. determinants.
W. R. Swokowski. PWS-Kent Company. deciles and percentiles. bar frequency diagram histogram. E. ungrouped and grouped data. discrete and continuous series. characteristics of statistics. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. Latest Edition. 2. Measures of dispersion: Range. R.geometric and harmonic progressions.. tally sheet method. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. types of frequency series. E. frequency polygon. moments. variance. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. Books Recommended: 1. Prentice Hall. individual. relationship of statistics with social science. E.. Walpole. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. 2. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. R. J. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’.. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. trigonometric identities. Latest Edition. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. cumulative frequency curve. 71 . Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. Boston. standard deviation. Kaufmann. array. Wilcox. 4. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. 3. Latest Edition. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. 5. skewness and kurtosis.. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. quartiles. circle and trigonometric functions. Graphs: Graph of straight line.
4. applications of integration. 8th edition. implicit differentiation. Integration by Parts. Trigonometric Functions. Second Edition 1992. infinite and improper integrals. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. integration by parts. Inc. Thomas. the chain rule. Calculus. H. products. Continuity. substitution method. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. S. 6. integral inequalities. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . Rational and Transcendental Functions. Mathews. 2. Prentice-Hall. 2. Least-Squares Line. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. Swokowski. Calculus Single and Multivariable. 2005. Inequalities. John H. 4th edition. Boston. E. McCallum. Jhon Willey & Sons. theorems of differentiation. Continuous Functions. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. reduction formulae. W. Contents 1. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. 1999. Hughes-Hallett. Anton. Slope of a Line. 3. et al. Frank A.Jr. quotients. 3rd Edition. Calculus. Davis. integration by inspection. Gleason. Schaum’s Outline Series. Calculus. Elliott Mendelson. Extreme Values of Functions. John Wiley & Sons. 5. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. Recommended Books: 1. 2002. the inverse of differentiation. logarithmic integration. Bevens. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. Rational Functions. Solution of equations involving absolute values. sinusoidal function. 6. integration using partial fractions. plane polar coordinates.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. Equation of a Line. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. I. Addison Wesley publishing company. and Transcendental Functions. special points of a function. Inc. 11th Edition. • Integration Integration from first principles. 1983. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. logarithmic differentiation. 2005. Leibnitz’ theorem.
finding the nth roots of unity.Additions and subtraction. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 . series involving natural numbers. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. arithmetico-geometric series. approximation errors in Taylor series. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. the difference method. modulus and argument. division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. inverses of hyperbolic functions. alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. multiplication. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. identities of hyperbolic functions. solving hyperbolic equations. complex conjugate. geometric series. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4.
Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 . centers of mass and centroids. point to plane. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. the inner product. masses. 6. unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix.5. symmetric and antisymmetric. orthogonal. scalar triple product. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. of a unitary matrix. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. moments of inertia. vector product. Pappus’ theorems. Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. Hermitian. line to line. line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7.
differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. combinations of grad. divergence of a vector field. Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates.8. spherical polar coordinates 75 .
Test statistics. sample design and sampling frame. Presentation of Data Introduction. Types of frequency curves. null and alternative hypothesis. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Observations. Exercises. Collection of primary and secondary data. Bar charts. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Unit 3. Exercises Unit 6. Type-I and Type-II errors.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Errors of measurement. Absolute and relative measures. Box and Whisker Plot. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. Exercises. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Data. Exercises. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Moments and Moments ratios. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Quantiles. Difference of means and proportions. Exercises. Editing of Data. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. The Mode. Statistical problem. The Mean Deviation. Discrete and continuous variables. Pie chart. Different types of Averages. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Unit 7. Graphs and their Construction. properties of Good Average. Significant digits. Ogive for Discrete Variable. Histogram. Unit 4. probability and non-probability sampling. Change of origin and scale. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. The Variance and standard deviation. Empirical Relation between Mean. bias. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Historigram. Population. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Rounding of a Number. Unit 5. Diagrams. Median and mode. definition of outliers and their detection. 76 . sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Unit 2. Probability and Probability Distributions. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. sampling with and without replacement. Standardized variables. The semi-Interquartile Range. Coefficient of variation. Range.Annexure . Exercises. sampling and non sampling errors. level of significance. Stem and Leaf Display. Poisson and Normal Distribution. Exercises. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Sources. acceptance and rejection regions.
Single Population Introduction. Correlation. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. Exercises. Unit 11. 2005. its estimation and interpretation. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. Testing of Hypothesis. Exercises Unit 10. Inc. Contingency Tables. Exercises Unit 9. Coefficient of linear correlation. F.Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. r and R2. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. 77 . 3rd Ed. 2 Muhammad. New York. Kitab Markaz. 1982. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. Macmillan Publishing Co. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. cause and effect relationships. E. “Introduction to Statistics”.Unit 8.. Regression and Correlation Introduction. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters.. examples. Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole. simple linear regression. R.
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