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For BS MS
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………
6 12 14 50 51
Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. R&D organizations. degree awarding institutions. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee. therefore. and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. D773/76-JEA (cur.PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976. SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 .). universities and other institutions of higher education. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. PROF. and 36.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses. DR. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation. dated December 4th 1976. It is. The world has turned into a global village. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. Lahore. It also aimed to give a basic. respective accreditation councils and stake holders. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. 63. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards. 2009 at the HEC Regional Center.ALTAF ALI G. the Federal Government vide notification No.
COL. QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. OF FINAL CURRI. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREP. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I PREP.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRI. EXP. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI. Abbreviations Used: NCRC. PREP. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. OF NCRC. REC. UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRI. UNI. OF DRAFT BY NCRC REVIEW IMPLE. LI R&D HEC Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. OF CURRI. R&D. Preparation 5 .
Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. Karachi from 28-30. 7. Member 4. Dr. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head. Lahore Member 6. Dr. Member 3. Rawalpindi Dr. Member 5. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr.Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre. April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline. Following attended the meeting:1. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. Dr. Member 6 . Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall. Rawalpindi Dr. Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2. Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof.
Dr.8. 7 . Dr. Dr. Dr. Dr. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9. Member 16. Prof. Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof. Member 10. Prof. Member 15. Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr. Member 11. 13. Member 14. Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof. Karachi Member 12. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr. Dr.
Director of HEC Regional Center. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement. Chairman. Dr. Member 19. 2. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. Karachi. Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. 8 . the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. 1. Mr. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. Islamabad coordinated the meeting.17. Shafiq-ur-Rehman. Member 20. Mr. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University. Secretary Dr. At first. Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society. Dr. The meeting was opened by Mr. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. Faisalabad Member 18. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards. Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. Muhammad Rafiq Rai.
Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 . The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment. 6. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development. 2. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity. 5. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population. 1. The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. 4. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development. 3. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. The committee thanked Mr. Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities.3. The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities. The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. In last few centuries. These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses.
Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science. professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. skills and behaviour patterns. RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. This committee. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development. Apply theoretical understanding. and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems. regional and global contexts. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. ii. Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 . This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5. 5. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv. in its preliminary meeting.
Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English. A.. DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. 1. 4. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3. The 11 . Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature. 5. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals.e. Sc. skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes. The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2. eight semesters in the semester system. Integrating natural sciences. 3. UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles. The medium of instruction. pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme. 6. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. 2. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i. that: 1. assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level. with consensus. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F.
Fundamentals of Ecology 20. The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order. Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19. Environmental Microbiology 21. English-III 18. Psychology* . Sociology/Anthropology* 11. Introduction to Earth Science 8. English-II 12. Biology –I* 3. Climatology* 23. SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1. Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7.proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. Introduction to Environmental Science 2. Environmental Pollution 22. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5. Introductory Economics* 17. Environmental Physics 16. Basic Chemistry* 4. Biology –II* 9. English-I 6. Environmental Chemistry 15. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. Introduction to Computer 14.
Environmental Impact Assessment 39. 46. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31. English-IV/ Univ. Environmental Biotechnology 32. Natural Resource Management 40. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30. Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25. Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours . 45. Research Methods in Environmental Science 41. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. Opt. Environmental Monitoring 36. ELECTIVE-III 42. Environmental toxicology 27. Environmental Economics 29. 44. Environmental Management Systems 34. Applied Ecology 26. ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43. ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28. Climate Change 38.24. Biodiversity & Conservation 35.
• Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical.
& Nebel. John Wiley & Sons. Miller. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future. current global. philosophical.M. Different aspects of environment: physical. R. M. poverty and resource depletion. ethical. 4. G.J. 2007 3.I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth. Wright. D. 6th Ed. McKinney.. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts. Environmental Science: working with the Earth. biological and social. R. Botkin. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment. national. L. Pearson Educational. B. 10th Ed. Recommended Books: 1. history. Human environment and its problems: global. socio-economic.L.T. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. Thomson Learning. its importance in human life. E. 2. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY . lipids. 4th Ed. proteins and nucleic acids. 2002.B & Keller. Major components of environment: physico-chemical. 2007. urbanization. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society. & Yonavjak.. Schoch. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.A. 2007. environmental pollution. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development. development in industry and agriculture. Environmental Science: systems and solutions. The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates. ecological. and their relationships with various environmental factors. regional.DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline. 15 .
E. Aromatic compounds. and Whitelaw. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals. 5th Edetion. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin. coordinate covalent bond. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. V.. 1. Bulter. carboxylic acids. 4. Wadsworth Group. Self Assessment and Revie. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. Plopper. G. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning.. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus. Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell. lipids. The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. lipids. Origin of life: chemical evolution. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. A. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. R. phospholipids in membrane systems. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations. Australia ..Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life. N. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. the molecule of genetic information and replication. 2. amines). USA. B. 8th Ed. Structure and the basis of function. proteins. Study of mitosis in onion root tip. M. covalent. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions. 2003. chemical diversity. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Lingappa.. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. Biology: a Human Emphasis. 1996. 2007. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. protobionts. 16 . Canada.Hill International Edition. Nucleic acids. The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. 5. origin of metabolism. polypeptides in protein diversity. carbonyls. esters. Cassimeris. C. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. R. USA. Lewis. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods. McGraw. L. chemical basis of life. 3. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology. 2008. Ltd. J. Cells. Molecular Biology through Questions. Introduction to cell biology. Cell division.. carbohydrates. Ionic. 2007. Crossley. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. USA. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. D. New York. Shier. Starr. and Lewis.
geometric and harmonic sequence. Sequence and series: Arithmetic. Lab Work Preparation of molar.A. 2.ions. 4. Jones and Barlett. Hill.. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane.. normal solutions/buffers. P. Matrices and Determinants: Matrix.. Column chromatography. Andrews. graphs. Colloids chemistry. equations of lines (linear equations). D. Photochemical reactions.H. law of Cosines. Use of spectrophotometric techniques. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics.Special Products (Binomial Expression). radicals. UK.D. 2003. Algebra of matrices. Thomson and Brooks. Understanding Environmental Pollution. Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers.. M. T. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane. Skoog. 2nd Edition. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations). Brimblecombe. EC and TDS in waste water. expansion of determinants. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. determinants.. Measurement of pH.M. J. P. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula. concepts of six basic trigonometric functions. Osmosis and Dialysis. and Holler. 8th Edition. 2004.K.J. values of trigonometric functions. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. Liss. and Reid. UK. 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. Freeman and Company. D. USA. real line. F. 1st Ed.. 2005. Solution chemistry. W. molal. series and means. 17 . B. Blackwell Science.E. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry.. double angle formulas. Girard.J. 2004. straight line and related concepts. simultaneous equations and their solutions. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. minor and cofactor of a matrix.. Surface chemistry. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra. Harris.S.E. 6th Edition.. USA. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional). Thin layer chromatography. D. 2004. Recommended Books: 1. Canada.C. West. 3. Jickells. J. Binomial theorem (Simple applications). angle-sum formula. COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences. 5.
The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. J. faults. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension. 4. New Delhi. Jr. 10th Ed. Addission. Chatterjee..B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. 18 . foliation. erosion and related landforms. theorems on differentiation (sum. Chain rule. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. cleavages.Cramer’s Rule. Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography. 4th Ed. Fossils and their significance. Introduction to rocks and minerals. age. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. its origin. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation. earthquakes and volcanoes.A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure . Analytical Geometry. Recommended Books: 1. Abraham. joints. Earth as a member of solar system. 1999. California. L. the processes of their formation. irreducible quadratic factors. 3. Trignometry for College students.B. Introduction to folds. G. Smith. by parts integration (simple applications). Integration: Formulas of integration. theorem of integration. nonrepeated linear factors. weathering and erosion. COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure . igneous and metamorphic rocks. earthquakes. This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals. and Finney. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors. Introduction to sedimentary. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. Narosa Publishing House. D. S. different earth processes like mountain buildings. 2. Pacific Grove. K. R. composition and its internal structure.Wesley. lineation and unconformities. Weathering. Thomas. plate tectonics. mountain building. difference. product and quotient rules without derivations). Scott Foresman and Company. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions..
Lutgens. 9th Edition. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity. How Does Earth Work. G. crucial for organisms’ sustainability. Prentice Hall: 2006. J. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. E. protocell formation. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water.. 3rd Edition. Tarbuck. examples of adjustments in varied environment. different classification systems. Biodiversity of deserts. Tarbuck. Smith. and Monroe. Prentice Hall. population loss and decline. F. 5th Edition. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. measuring biodiversity.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps.. COURSE 8 BIOLOGY . Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology. 2005. Use of brunton compass and GPS. Recommended Books: 1. Geological time chart with biodiversity. modern concepts. Biodiversity of canal. J. 2004. Lutgens. Darwinism.II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms. unicellularity. J. and Pun.. Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species. Park... Lamarckism. Brooks/Cole. Wicander. K. consequences of losing biodiversity.. R. invasion of life on land. Routledge. multicellularity. G. 4. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories. R. molecular basis of biodiversity. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation. Prentice Hall.. D. Biodiversity of hilly areas. A. interactions among diversified life. F. Earth Science. 5. 19 . and Tasa.. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification. Physical Geology and Process of Science. biodiversity crises. Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis. Life in sea. Foundations of Structural Biology.. and Tasa. Field Study tour. 2007 3. 11th Edition. D. causes of extinction. Geographical aspects of biodiversity. E. 2007 2. K. animals).Identification of rocks and minerals. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants.
J. Culture. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology. 4.. Consumption. 2. K. 2009. K. Walnut Creek. Nora and Wilk. (editor). IL:WavelandPress. Blackwell Science Ltd. and Sustainable Living. Biodiversity (An Introduction). CA: AltaMira Press. Environmental Risks and the Media. UK. Conceptualizing environment. Routledge. C. 2000. Inc. 2005. Prospect Heights. UK. 2009. 5th Edition. Hannen. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. I. Townsend. Perspective of human-environment evolution. Inc.. 2003. Crumley. R. and concerns. 3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment. Bradbury. Gaston.E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems. 3. Recommended Books: 1. 2. 2006. John Wiley and Sons. New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. UK. Contemporary environment issues and debate. The Ecology of global consumer culture. 3. New York: New York University Press. C. Scope and application. 2nd Edition. Wadsworth Group. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. The Biosphere. I. USA. 2001. and Spicer. L. J. power & hegemony. Use of environment for vested interest. Allan & Carter. Goals and expectations.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions. globalization and environmental issues. 20 . Biology. Starr. Adam. P. culture and society. Chronological. Tripartite nature of environment. Understanding the environment-human relationship. COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure . (editors).K. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. Contemporary environmental status. a Human Emphasis.
e-mail. K. Milton. output hardware. 21 . Configurations. Courter. Local Area Network. Storage hardware. 2. Recommended Books: 1. internet. Introduction to MS-Word. 2003. Long l. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion. Selin.5. After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry. as are their effects on the biosphere..C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere. Fundamentals of computer. Ms-Access.BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment.Microsoft office 2000.1999. processing hardware. computer programs and basic applications. physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered.6th Ed.London 1996. Hardware: Input Hardware. Long N. Operating system (Windows). Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse. Course Outlines Definition. Ms-Power Point. Ed. G.. system software. Types and classification of computers. Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures. Rutledge.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure . Software: Application software.H. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Marquis A. software packages. Ms-Excel. COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure . 6.
Measurement and comparison of the 22 . T. Energy conversion. J.J. C. USA. Turbulent diffusion. their sources and toxic actions. photosynthesis. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems. Human perceptions and noise criteria..E.. Jickells. Reducing the transmission of sound. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light. Samir. Fundamentals of aquatic. M. Fregoso-Infante.E. Environmental Science.. Active control of sound. Environmental Chemistry. 5. Jones and Barlett. J. Gaussian plumes in the air. Global climate and climatic change. and Singh. Liquids and Gasses. Nuclear energy. Diffusion.. trophic level. Particle physics. Turbulent jets and plumes. Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics. Isotopes and radioactive decay. 1999.M. DoriaSerrano. Banerji Prentice Hall of India. and Reid. Recommended Books: 1. interaction of light with matter. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants. 2004. B. Energy. Blackwell Science. Ozone chemistry.. Girard.. Miller.Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry. Environmental impact of various industries. Sound and Noise. Turbulence. 2nd Edition. Solar spectrum. Germany. Solids. 2008. Hernandez-Esparza. 3. Basic acoustics.S. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts.. Electromagnetic radiation. COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter. Equations of fluid dynamics. Liss. Thomson-Brooks. atmospheric and soil chemistry. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light. Conversion of mass. A.G.T. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer. Chemical reactions. India. P. UK.. Radioactivity and nuclear physics. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. J. Heat radiation and heat transfer. 2. Fate of pollutants in environment. 1st Edition. Ozone and UV light. Ibanez... G. Canada. P.. 4. 2005. its causes and adverse effects on environment. Brimblecombe. Entropy. Springer. Transport of pollutants. M. 2004. Environmental Chemistry.D. Andrews. K. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry.
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. UK. and Pandis. Impact of economic activity on environment. Economic management and environmental quality. interaction between ecology and economic management.Economic development. 4. J. producer and community point of view. USA. 2. 2. Introductory Environmental Physics.1998. concepts and measurement. Environmental Physics. 2008. Environmental economics. USA. Kentucky USA. Yusuf. and Resource allocation. Pakistan economic context: National income.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. Wesely Publishers. Natural resources and the economy. economic growth and its measurement. S. Measures for sustainable development. and Van Grondelle. 7th Ed. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Praxis publishing. economic growth. Boeker. USA. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. C. Guyot. USA. 23 . COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development. Todaro. economic welfare and difference among all. Sustainable development. 3. M. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. New York. Field visit. Recommended Books: 1. Producer behavior. S. 2001. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. Smith. Physics of the Environment and Climate. poverty. Economic functions of environment. Recommended Books: 1. John Wiley and Sons Inc. R. Growth and development. Course Outlines Introduction to economics. 2008. population and environmental quality. Routledge.. G. Economic Development. H. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods. 2001. P. Growth and Environment. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. Man environmental relationship. World Bank Publications. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. Seinfeld. E. N. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter. economic progress. 2006.
.. USA. water.A. Recommended Books: 1. WCIV7AA. 2008. levels of ecological organization. Natural philosophy. Environmental Critics of agriculture. branches of ecology. 2. Kessinger Publishing. Introduction to ethical theory. Ecosystem and its types. Portland 1967. N.. soil. B. J. Callicott. Shogren. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. description of population. J. 24 . World Bank Publications. SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology. 3. A History of Western Philosophy. Palgrave Macmillan. 2002. Russell.A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems. and systems ecology. World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. Hanley. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy. temperature. Economics.V. population. B.. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy. 2009. role of light. Frodeman. DeVeer. COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure . Ecology. D. biogeography. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale. community. community and ecosystem. concepts and approaches. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. 4. USA. England. Environmental philosophy and ethics. Farmington Hills. 4. 2007. R. Course Outlines Introduction. C. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy. the ethics of soil. M.3. species. London. B. Swift. & Pierce. Touchstone Books. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. LLC. 2008. and White. International Thomson Publishing. ethics and ecology. its fundamental concepts.
Cox. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. Cambridge University Press. and More. landscape changes and their importance.L and Reiss. C. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). 5th Ed. New York. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. landscape ecology. WCB/McGraw-Hill. Odum. various concepts of community. M C J 1st ed. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. 2. E P. C. Thomson Brooks/Cole. and S. King’s College London.W. Ecology (principles and applications). Fundamentals of Ecology. Microbial metabolism. 3. J. UK. aquatic microbiology. 1992. COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment. agricultural and industrial ecosystems. G. Recommended Books 1. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems. habitat and niche.topography and air as ecological factors. Ecology (concepts and applications. biotic factors. 2004. community dynamics. M J. 6th Ed. and Barett. M. Ecosystem: structure and function. J. ecological modeling. Microbiology of terrestrial environments. aero-microbiology and food microbiology. plant geography and animal distribution. Fundamentals of Ecology. Systems ecology. 2001 5. B. population dynamics. Lab Work 25 . Introduction and general characteristics of archaea. bacteria and eukarya. students will be able to understand the significance. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. Populations. Biogeochemical cycles of C. productivity of different ecosystems. After completion of this course. role and application of microorganisms in the environment. New Delhi. characteristics of urban. 1st Ed. 1999 4. UK. P. distribution limits. 2000.) Moles. Tata McGraw-Hill. with special emphasis on their environmental impact. Dash. Population distribution and abundance. Biomes of the world. Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. Chapman. N. Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. Concepts of Limiting factors.
F.P. isolation.L. American Society for Microbiology.I.A. J..K.. Maier. D. Microbiology. Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents. A. J.and Vesilaind. USA.. Solid Waste generation.B. 5. Pollution Control Strategies. Environmental Pollution and Control. transportation & treatments. and Jeffery.. Environmental Microbiology.P. M. Hill. 2005. 4th Edition..M. Harley. Fate of Environmental Pollutants. Human & other living organisms.L.R. nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution. peppor. Understanding Environmental Pollution. L.. Pepper. Collection. and Stetzenbach. Fuhrmann. Recommended Books: 1.1998. UK. International Protocols (BASAL Convention).. Hartel. (Elsevier) USA. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal. Dilution plate technique.M. 2. I. and Gerba. 2009. New Jersey. Academic Press.. and Klein. F. USA. Academic Press. Prentice Hall. L. Prescott. Washington DC. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic. USA. Hurrst. G. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual. Butterworth-Heinemann. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel. P. purification and preservation..G. 2005.. D. Case Studies. Noise.A. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution. 2005. Weiner. USA. 3.J. Soil.A. Manual of Environmental Microbiology. Recommended Books 1. Crawford. London. D. C. 2 Edition. 2007.Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection. USA. 2002.C. Peiece...V.P. 2. Cambridge UK.J. Effects of Pollutants. Cambridge University Press. M. 2nd Edition.M. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution. R.D.Gerba. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water.J. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally. Academic Press. 1995. R. McGraw Hill Inc. J. 4. P. C.J. McInernery.L. Sylvia.W. Knudsen. W. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines.J.. its sources and their effects. and Zuberer. Water.and Brendecke. 3. Types of Environmental pollution: Air. Mean plate count. 26 . Marine & Industrial pollution. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution.
The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan. Four Spheres of the Earth. Solar radiations. Climatology. 4. Radiation and climate. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. 27 . The Hydrologic cycle. Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). American Public Health Association (APHA).2nd Editions. Karachi. 6th Edition. Cambridge University Press. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment. The Physics of Atmospheres. . air pressure. Mechanism of heat transfer. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere. Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere. John Wiley and Sons. Houghton J. Weather and Climate. condensation and cloud Formation.. 5.From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications. Cloud Classification.W. Factors affecting air Pressure. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology. Royal book company. Methods of psychology.. Austin Miller. 2002. concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. A.. Marcel Dekkar.4.F.J. The climate of Pakistan. global circulation. Heat and the Earth's atmosphere. climatic zones of Pakistan. COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems.. K. N. Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History. Sadder. Lutgens. The Atmosphere. processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. local winds. 2003.E. 2006 5. John H. Recommended Books: 1. Tarbuck. 1992. A brief historical background and schools of psychology.K. Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided. Environmental psychology. Surface winds. 3. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . Spyros. 2. Pandis. COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences. 1988.M. Lawrance K. Shamshad.
Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation.C. Water and distribution of species. threats and mitigation. 28 .characteristics and research methods. Bell. Routledge. COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. Sustainable livestock management practices. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. M. concepts. solar radiation and primary production. London. soil erosion and conservation. their management and ecological restoration. Eysenck. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts. Restoration of derelict lands. species response to pollutants. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan. limitation of irrigated agriculture. Fisher J. 1992. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. Soil as a natural resource. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change. 5th Edition. P. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine. techniques and methods of restoration. Ecology of food production.. 2.. CRC Press. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. sustainable agriculture. Pollution control through Ecology. soil resources of Pakistan. Routledge. energy and carbon balance. carbon dioxide and global climate change. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species. soil salinity and water logging. High population density and psychological impacts. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives. Background and scope.A. London. Environmental perception and cognition. Sustainable agricultural practices. 2001. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. Water as an ecological resource. Fundamental of Psychology. Course Outline Introduction. rivers. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture. CRC Press. Environmental Psychology. Ecological restoration. Greene.W. Future water scenario of Pakistan.D. Recommended Books: 1. T. and Baum A.
P. terminologies: Poisons. R. soil and air samples. 2006. Determination of chemicals in biological samples. Margaret A. 2004. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. Foundations of Restoration Ecology. 1989. and Hobbs. on human and other living organisms. Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History. Soil Science. in vivo & in vitro assays. toxins vs toxicants. Synergism. J. Potentiation and Addition. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents. Rashid. toxins & toxicants. biological effects. Toxicity: Types and its measurement. Studies in Pakistan Geography. Mumtaz. Shirkat Gah. Falk. 1996. 2000 2. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. water and soil. A.I. Oxford.Recommended Books: 1. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications. Israr-ud-Din. University of Peshawar. 2nd ed. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. D.. toxicology of chemicals.. B.W. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals. K. USA. Blackwell Scientific Publications. A. Organs. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. and Memon.National Book Foundation. Newman. Chemical interactions and their types. 5th Edition. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms.S. 5. dose response relationship in living organisms. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. Odum E. Fundamentals of Ecology. Islamabad. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system. Lahore. Zedler. Immunological considerations in toxicology. 4. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures. their containment and control strategies. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic. G.. Island Press. E. 3. Peshawar. and Barett. COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals. Thomson Brooks/Cole.A. P. toxicity screening using microbial systems.. K and Habib. 29 . Pakistan’s Environment. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management. Determination of Interaction of chemicals. J. from natural and anthropogenic sources.1998.
State of the Environment-Pakistan . Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann. 1993. McGrawhill. topographic zones. T and Turner.2005 2. 1st Edition.Science of Poisons . B. USA. people. Government of Pakistan. W. P. CRC Press Llc. 1992.M. culture. urbanization and pollution. industry. Klassen. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology. health. water resources. pollution control-a general model. Williams. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis. the economy and the environment. Ecological: ecological zones. Recommended Books 1. economic aspects of different environmental problems. Macmillan Press Ltd. 3.1 & 2. 1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development. (ed. First and Second law of Thermodynamics.D. 2005 2. the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements. Economic: agriculture. 1996. USA. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York. 3. COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development.). Vol. USA. Course Outlines Introduction. land.. M. W. major ecosystems. Ballantyne. 5th Edition. education. clean development mechanism. economic development and the environment. Hughes. geography. General and Applied Toxicology. Recommended Books: 30 . measuring environmental benefits. Environmental Profile of Pakistan. international trade and the environment. the economic benefits of different environmental resources.Recommended Books 1. Course Outlines Introduction to history. Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement. 1st Edition.
Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. D. Conductivitymetry. and Batemen.R.. Kolstad. 2003. Johns Hopkins University Press. Thomson and Brooks. B.L.I. 1999. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling.. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin. Titrimetery.K. handling. 8th Edition. soil (NPK and organic matter contents. COD.2002. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery. J. and derived S. Reuter.2004. Gravimetery. COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. Titrimetery. Turner. Analytical techniques for soil. Gravimetery. New York. C. Lab Work S. A. Sample preservation methods. 2. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples.. L. Pearce. Harris. and F. Environmental Economics: An Introduction.C. Field. Recommended Books: 1. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual. Sparrow and D.. Standard solutions and standard curves.I. precision and accuracy. 3. Qualitative Chemical Analysis.K. Skoog. Collingwood. USA.W. Conductivitymetry. D. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve. 2. West. units. Freeman & Co. BOD. Biomarkers in environmental assessment.and Field. M. NO3–N & NH4-N). Spectroscopy and Chromatography. 6th Edition. Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory. Use of Potentiometery. I. All Solids. Australia. CSIRO Publ. 2000.D.J. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive.. 31 . water and plant analysis. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction. Peverill. Oxford University Press. salinity & sodicity). Environmental Economics.A. Oxford.1. 2005. D. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association).. K. Sample collection. M. 3. Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH. Holler. Fluoride. preparation and storage.UK. 4. Data interpretation for quality control. 1993. C. D.
Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques.W. 2. National Biotechnology Commission. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment. Introduction to microbial kinetics. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns. D. Sambrook. Cambridge University Press. Smith. Bioreactors. Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants.. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques.living organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution. Oxford University Press. England. J. 3. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. Wiley-VCH Verlag.1999. Recommended Books 1. Tools in environmental biotechnology.). W. Biomarkers.. Germany. (ed. 2001. 2005. Environmental Biotechnology. USA.P. 2009. COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 . 4. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd. 2007. Biotechnology. 2nd Ed. Derbre. Biosensor.E. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures. Government of Pakistan. J. 5th Ed. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. Course Outlines Introduction. J. purification and preservation of DNA. 2005. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms. Scragg. USA. Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems. New York. and Russel. New York. and application of biotechnology in the environment.D. and Josef. Isolation. Recombinant DNA technology. PCR. students will be able to understand the significance.COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments. National Biosafety Guidelines. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. Chichoster. Hans- Joachim. A. USA. After completion of this course.
2009. Aerial photography. Interpretation. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). 5. V. Mc Graw Hill Education. Using and reading GPS in field. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. Energy Sources. F. Pearsons Education. A. Agriculture. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. Inc. Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. Satellite Imageries. A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. John Wiley and Sons. Forestry. Data entry and output. 2. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. Jensen. map projection and coordinate systems. 3. eradication of the duplicated data. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). Different types of maps. Preparation of thematic maps. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. Dessinov. COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. Types of data used in GIS. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1. 2008. Z. Lulla. 2000. Inc. Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. 4. Cartography. History and data collection. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. Rancez. analysis and output. Campbell. R. Inc. 1999. Introduction to GIS. Data acquisition. K and L. Harvey. Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. Fishery and wildlife. John Wiley and Sons. Active and Passive remote sensing. integration of information from many sources. Guilfoud press New York. 2000. history and platforms. advantages and limitations of process. Image Processing. Introduction to Photogrammetry.Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System.
. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Related Environmental legislation. and Yoxon. M. Environmental Economy.3rd Edition . 1998. American Society for Quality. and Qasim. WWF Pakistan. Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor. Environmental Management Systems Principles. threats to biodiversity. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production.C. etc. threats to biodiversity and its conservation. cleaner technologies.. Certification of EMS.This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits. A. ecological.. 3. Course Outlines Introduction. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management. standards and guidelines. hot spots of biodiversity. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. International Organization for Standardization. Khan. 2005. Michigan. plant. 2001. Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1. types of biodiversity. philosophical. 2006. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. economic. social and ethical values of biodiversity. Systems and Support Techniques. B. American Society for Quality. Sheldon. M.2nd Ed. Methods of environmental protection. 4. F. Environment and sustainable development. Conservation of biodiversity. principles of Cleaner production. Environmental aspects and impacts. COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. 34 .). tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. need and approach. alpha and beta diversity. 2. Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS). Environmental Management tools. eco-design. animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan.
population. A Primer for Conservation Biology.. conservation in man-made ecosystems. community and ecosystem level. P.e. 2. 2000. Rawalpindi. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. London. design and types of samples. field custody. protected areas. ecotourism. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. Lahore). Lab Work Sampling techniques (air. and Morre. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora. 3. Legal protection of species. national and international laws and regulations.R. croplands. 2ndEd. C. quality assessment. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i. Kings College. laboratory custody. Cox. 2000. plants. Preservation methods including pH control. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme. Mirza. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment. their categories.. habitats. Saad Printers. Z.D. forests. NOC for plant operation. in-situ and ex-situ conservation. management. EIA requirement. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan. P. refrigeration and freezing methods.. Biogeography. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan. air. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring.B. international agreements. chemical addition. role of traditional knowledge in conservation. conservation and livelihood. sampling and design purposes. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques. role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. water. Sunderland. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring. soil and living organisms. Course Outlines Introduction. Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures. cities. Considerations.conservation at species. conservation strategies. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing. Associates Inc. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes.B. Quality assurance and quality control.B. 1998. quality control sampling. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples. Recommended Books: 1. Conservation of wildlife. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. Sinauer. 35 . presampling requirements/information. Publ.
chemical. Regional droughts and 36 .) McGraw-Hill. USA.1999. Air Pollution and Acid Rain. altered community structure. 6. Keith. 2. Lewis Publisher London. 1992. Forstner U. Human responses to potential climate change. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate. Korte. Ozone depletion. its causes and effects.. and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change. and social factors contributing to climate and global change. Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change. 8. 2002. Tokyo. (eds. Physical. and Guethner. D. Manahan. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data. 7. Energy and Temperature. USA. Environmental Chemistry. S. R. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. E. (ed) Springer. Recent Climate Change Indicators. 2nd Edition. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. H. Peakall.Recommended Books: 1. F. 2000. D. UK. Chapman and Hall. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. . Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. E. S. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention. USA. 5. Earth Observation of Global Change. biological. New York. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts. human health. phenological changes. COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change. Japan Association on Remote Sensing. 3. 2008. L. McKlivie. Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. Precipitation.1996. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. Patterns in Winds and Pressure. Moisture in the Atmosphere. Chuviero. I.USA. regional. Murai. Burden. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course. The Measurement of Climate Change. agriculture.. 2002. 2008. N. extinctions. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. Remote Sensing Note.
project implementation and follow up. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems. overview. National Book Foundation. Islamabad. Main stages in EIA process. 3. public involvement. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. 2005. Ministry of Housing and Works..Causes. law. EIA project management. Oxford. Types & Resources to produce Energy. 5. 37 . impact analysis. 2. and noise. Hardy. 1st Edition. 2005. Cost and benefits of EIA. and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction. Global Warming and Climate Change.. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. D.. 2.). J. Keith. 6. Glasson. Blackwell. role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis. 4. Climate Change . J. Hardy. John Wiley & Sons. principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society.A. and Solutions. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. Sringer.. John Wiley & Sons. reporting. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts. decision-making to implement the project. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan. Effects. 2004. A.Causes. Global Change and the earth system. Islamabad. screening. Therivel. 1994. T. Harrop. A. London. 1999. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels. (ed. and Solutions. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice. social impact assessment (SIA).(ed). J. 2000. R. J. & Nixon. mitigation and impact management..O. COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project. Routledge. liquid. EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan. and Chadwick.. Climate Change . Earthscan Publication Ltd.. Houghton. Recommended Books: 1. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. 2005. 1986. 3. Effects. 2003. Recommended Books: 1. scoping.T. Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2). Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment. 2003. 4. review of EIA quality. Petts.cataclysmic climate change. London. J. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. solids.
Recommended Books: 1. wildlife census.. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. Development of Management Plan: needs. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area.. United Nations Environment Programme. requirement. H. solar power. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan.. wind power and nuclear power. 1997. J. Asian Development Bank.. effective management. threat and its causes. Everitt. F. R. Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. Rangeland Management: existing status. management options. A. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. existing management approaches. New York.. 2nd Edition. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies. agriculture products and their share in GDP. problem in agriculture. M. Evans. threats.). agriculture chemicals. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia. their pros and cons. 6. USA. national and provincial legislation. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. Carpenter. Conservation in Progress. B. best available option for future. & McCabe. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level.. forest types and its existing management. (ed. 1993. occurrence and distribution of natural resources. John Willey & Sons. Ludwig. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. Lohani.. S. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources. methodologies. process and contents of the management plan. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources. their current status and threats. R.B and Warren. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. Goldsmith. COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification. importance. Sadler. limitation in the future. Watershed management: Importance basic principles. Types. B. and Tu. 2002.5. national example. EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual. management options. 38 . causes and methods for its improvement. national agriculture policy.
Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods. Review of Literature.2. John Wiley & Sons. to introduce students to research design. 4. Research Proposal: its importance . Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data. Material Methods. S. Scientific Methods. and Jorqensen. Bibliography. 3. Elsevier. GOP and IUCN. How to put things together? Introduction. types of sampling design/. W. Scientific Research: Science. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1. J. USA. London.1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study. Experimental Research. Sampling: the logic of sampling.F.E. 5. Inference based on findings. Search Engines. Islamabad. New York. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design. Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison).L. Questionnaire. Objectives. Sage CA. concepts and terminologies.E. Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice. 2007. Environmental Conservation.Amsterdam. Selecting the Research Method. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). & Plano Clark. Literature Search: Database. and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research. Dasmann. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. Interviews. Thousand Oaks. 1984. V.A pre-requisite for Research. Hansen. P. 1992. Case Studies. Review of Literature. Surveys. population and sampling frames. Methodology. Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf. Creswell. research methods. R. 1990. 39 .. Research Design & Research Methods. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling.
and Arhonditsis. Wadsworth Publishing Company. 2000. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules.2. USA.Harrad. 2001. 4. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 . Law Books House. National Environmental Policy 4. 2001 and the rules of business made there under.Batty. Qadar. M.S. 3rd Edition. The Craft of Research by Wayne C. Chichester. Government of Pakistan 3.. of Chicago Press. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans. National Conservation Strategy 5. Booth. 2003. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan. 5. 1997.. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act. SNBP Local Government Ordinance. 1989. Writing Science Through Critical Thinking. 2. Babbie. Sage Publishers. R. Robert Yin. regulations made there under. E. England. G. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance. Diamon. 6.h. Belmont California. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development. Students project in Environmental Science. Univ. 2003. 3. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers. S. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan. Survey Research Methods.USA. 2008. Marilyn F. Moriarty. John and sons Ltd. 2nd Edition. Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation. Recommended Books: 1. USA.. 1997..
This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45
POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46
RESEARCH PROJECT/ INTERNSHIP
E-I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY
To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,
5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.
(eds. hydrological cycle. tubewells. integrated water resources management (IWRM). A. 44 .K.. 2006. C. watershed/catchment. Mirajuddin Publication . like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. Mirajuddin Publication . virtual water. flood and drought management. water supply and demand management measures. Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia.. P. K.. Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. R. Cheema. climate change and its impacts on our future water resources. Ahmed.Lahore. 4.Varis. Lahore. water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan..1993. 2006. Briscoe. A. improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency. Biswas. Groundwater Resources of Pakistan. 2003. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. Pakistan . SDPI Oxford University Press. Bengali. 5. Oxford University Press New Delhi. Khan. 6. Recommended Books: 1. Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT). N. Course Outlines Water resource and its management. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry. Islamabad. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment. R. The Politics of Managing Water. O. water quality and quantity aspects. Revised & enlarged edition. wetlands resources management.. precipitation distribution in Pakistan. N. Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization. it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects. J.). Asia Printer. Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant. 1993. fisheries management.. Islamabad. A.E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan. groundwater exploitation. pollution aspects. 3. flood and droughts. (ed. 2005. Oxford University Press Karachi. with drinking water facilities like springs. and Qamar. 2.).. U. Ahmed. and Tortajada. recycling and re-use of wastewater. Indus Water Accord 1991. I. and Malik. Pakistan.
Soil buffering capacity and its importance. 2007. PrenticeHall. CA. Soil forming minerals.C.. Gardiner. R. Causes of urbanization. soils.R. N. Islamabad. 45 . Course Outlines Introduction. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. Soil Science. residential mobility and the neighborhood change. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. USA. humans as components of urban ecosystems. After completion of this course. the salient features of urban environments. urban settlements. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. USA. Factors and processes of soil formation. R.T. hydrological processes. Upper Saddle River. urban patterns and ecosystem functions. Miller. Hillel.W. Cation and anion exchange. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization. Definition. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. 2008. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations. D. and Bantel. Academic Press. Soil degradation. management and green productivity. Physical and chemical properties of soil. urban landscapes characteristics. Prentice Hall. Types and properties of parent materials. urban flora and fauna. and Weil. R. Forms of urbanization. Soils in Our Environment. Urbanization. Brady. NJ.. Upper Saddle River. Course Outlines Introduction. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. 2007. Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils. urban political ecology. 11th Edition. Urban ecosystem. NJ. Bashir. Pakistan.E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. 1996. future of urban centers. urbanization in Pakistan. transport. D. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. National Book Foundation. Process and outcome. E. San Diego. 1. USA.
Types of Urban Plans. Justification for planning for city management. Silberstein. Planning theories and concepts. S. 2006. Routledge. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level. SBS academic publishing. 1989. Routledge. Recommended Books: 1.. J. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development.S. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. UK. Chapman and Hall. 2004. New York. I. 4. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation. Alberti. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability. The planning process. Scope. Hough. 2007. Ward. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. CRC Press LLC. 2009. Principles of planning. Penguin Group. The Works: Anatomy of a City. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. New trends in planning and city management. 2. London. 3. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. Hague. Gilbert. Kate. UK.. Smith.and Maser. 2.. Springer. Elements of urban planning. C. Sukopp. nd 2 Edition. Planning and Urban Change.. O. USA. M. M. D. E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city. nature and purpose of urban planning. City Design for Sustainable Development. Hejny. The Ecology of Urban Habitats. V. USA. 46 . S. Land use planning theories. Planning and its relationship with other professions. 1. 5.and Kowaril. 2000. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems.. UR.1990. 2004.L. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans. SAGE Publications Ltd. Levels of planning. H. A. London. UK. Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments. Aims and Objectives of planning.Recommended Books: Urban Ecology.
Flood Management: Organizational Role. Earthquake. ADB. D. It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies. New York. Introducing Town Planning. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors. Disaster as an opportunity for development. Westview Press. 1989. 1993. Prediction. 47 .. Role of Media in Disaster Management. New York. 3. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms. Longman Group. Natural Disasters Alexander. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies. and White G. Different approaches and Indicators. 1991.e. 1993. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters. 2. Paris. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies. H. Natural cycles and their role. Cultural factors.3.W. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). Techniques and methods to assess hazard. Disaster Management: Components of management. Recommended Books: 1. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N. Islamabad. Hazards. Ministry of Housing and Works.W.. International phenomenon. Government of Pakistan. Earthquake Management. Chapman & Hall. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization.B.F.. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development. E&UA Div. and Woodrow. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. Disaster Management Trainings and Policies. 1993.UNESCO. P.. 4. It discusses a wide range of aspects. M.. Manila. Socio-economic factors. Political factors.. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures. Kates.J. Boulder . vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made. 1986. G. Physical factors.. 2nd Edition. The Guilford Press. Flooding. The Environment as Hazard Burton I. Landslide. 4. i. R.. UK. Clara. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research.
6. OECD/IEA. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. 2. Disasters and Development Cuny.C. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation. 6th Edition. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem.H. and Mushkatel. Perry R. L. New York. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals. decomposers. M. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. 3. R. 2007. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers. A. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems. E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment. 1983.. hydropower.M. D. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. 1984. energy resources of Pakistan. solar. 2001. merits and demerits of wind. USA. Phytoremediation and bioremediation. energy resources. Paris. Botkin. John Wiley and Sons. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America. E. Westport. Biotic structure.. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life. Schoch. 48 . environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources.W. 1. Course Outlines Energy-development and environment. 2007. Deforestation for agricultural purposes. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. Agroecology. primary producers. Sustainable livestock management.. uses. 4th Edition. F. consumers. biomass resources. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. local. Ecological concept in crop and food production.5. Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources.B and Keller. sustainable energy management.L. Quorum Books. alternate energy resources. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources. McKinney. Consumer and producer relationship. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. types. and Yonavjak.A. Farming practices for pests and weeds control.
USA. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity. M. Kapur. New York.Determination of density and abundance of plant species. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity.M. 2. C. E-11 Seminar 49 . CBS Publishers and Distributors. Agrocology.G. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species.Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram.P.A. R. Altreri. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture. Recommended Books: 1. India. and Sudha.R. USA. Boulder. Study of stratification and profile diagram. Westview Press. and Rossel. P. McGraw Hill Publishing Company. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species. 2000.. 3. Experimental Plant Ecology. Yandermeer J. Study of index of diversity.H. 1990. Corol. 1995. New Delhi.
availability of the faculty and other facilities. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science. 5. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. the Committee agreed on the following principles. that: 1.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme. 3. The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions. The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines. it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor. 4. The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization. 2. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. 50 . The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science.
3. 10. 7. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 . 24. 15. 5. 13. 21. The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. 2. Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. 11. 16. 20. 4. 2. 6. 17. 22. 5. 11. 25.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. 23. 4. 10. 8. 12. 18. 3. 26. 19. 9. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. 7. 9. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 14. 6. 8. 12.
Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan.. Islamabad. Provincial and Local Strategies. Draft National Environmental Policy. Conventions and Protocols in Global. 2. Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management. 2nd Edition.1991. Regional and International Environmental Issues. Karachi. Geography of Pakistan.A. Relationship of culture. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment. 52 . 1991. and Jorqensen. Hodder and Stoughton. WCS. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. Environmental control Policies. 2. Hansen. Amsterdam. technology and resource use.. Recommended Books: 1. D. Treaties. S. development of concepts..1994. Mackenzie J. P. Ball. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences.. S. NCS. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan.E. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan. and Bell. Carrying capacity and sustainable development. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space.1995. F. Instruments and methods.1994. Oxford University Press. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling. 3. Conservation Strategies.F. FURTHER READINGS 1. Elsevier. 1992.DETAILS OF M. Environment People and Economy.T. Khan K.S. status of Terrestrial. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall. London Black Stone Press Ltd. GOP and IUCN.E.. Oxford University Press. 3. Money. 4. COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. S. Mackenzie. London. 1987.
World Bank. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. A. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery. K. ecological impact assessment. Wood. F & Bronstein. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). Principles of physical. Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. 3. UK. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. 1995. 1993. Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Case Studies and review. 2. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water.. England. ed. Gas Chromatography etc. History. economic impact assessment. opportunities and issues. Longman House. Ed. Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment. C. role and importance. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). Environmental and Social Impact assessment. Air and Solid Waste. 53 . procedures and methods of EIA. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants. D. WB. Washington. Recommended Books: 1. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. Cost benefit analysis of projects. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements. Environment Department. John Wiley & Sons. Wastewater.COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction. Burnt Hill. COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. Environmental auditing. A one Publishers Lahore. Chichester. process. social impact assessment. Environmental Chemical Analysis. Ministry of Environment.Vanclay. Harlow Essex. Recommended Books: 1. Longman Scientific and Technical. FURTHER READINGS 1. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. 1995. DC. Sectoral guidelines for EIA. Ahmed. sample collection and preservation. Demographic impact assessment. Assessment of environmental impacts. sampling rules. Government of Pakistan. 2.A.
London. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic. 2002. Project Management Institute. work breakdown structure. Occupational Health: problems and issues. economic evaluation. MS Project Recommended Books: 1. John Wiley and Sons. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. 1st Ed. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. USA. 4. T. Accident prevention and safety plans. A Guide to Project Management. COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems. specific objectives. 5. 2. Recommended Books: 1. Meredith J. Mantel s. assumptions. USA. T. 54 . 1997. Resource Mobilization. outputs. Reasons for Project success or failure. 3. food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. Public health concept.. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. Primary health care services... M. Government Policies and Programs. T.. Project Planning. 1992. B.. Writing Project Proposal. Lippmann. means of verification. Project Life Cycle. prevention and control. safety techniques. Van Nostrand and Reinhold. J. 1998. Project Planning and Approval Processes.. and Wright.. Basic Environmental Health. and Guidotti. Prentice Hall International Inc.COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project. Nebel. Oxford University Press New York. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. R. principles and practices. 2001. 2nd Ed. 1st ed. inputs. Park. UK. air borne. T. de Kok. New York.. Environmental Health Engineering. Planning Commission Performas. Caeneross. communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne. L. Wiley Interscience. M/S Banarsid. A. Yassi. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). feasibility study. development objectives. indicators. K.2000. J. S. Ergonomic and Safety. activities. Project Management: A Managerial Approach. 2. Project Initiation. 1st Ed.. Kjelllström. R. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Defining Project objectives. Need identification. Inc. 1993.
Botkin. Related Environmental regulations. 4.L. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. 3. 6th Edition. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. D. McKinney. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). L. Paris. D. alternate energy resources. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. 2. energy resources of Pakistan. ISO Central Secretariat. M. and Yonavjak. Michigan-January 2001. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management.M. nuclear) local. USA. bio-energy resources. Environmental auditing. 55 . industry and domestic sectors. Environmental Auditing.. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms. Schoch. types. hydropower. energy resources. ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family. John Wiley and Sons. data collection and interpretation.B and Keller.A. 2007. 1990b. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal. 2. petroleum. 2007. St Luise Press. Principles of cleaner production. merits and demerits of wind. Recommended Books: 1. E. Sayre. 3. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. Switzerland. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. solar. Paris. transport. gas. 4th Edition. sustainable energy management for agriculture. principles and elements of the process of EMS. non-renewable and renewable. R.COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. OECD/IEA. uses. Recommended Books: 1. Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. Sources of data. 1998. 2001.
and Solutions. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. D. 3. J. Hardy. Climate change and food production. 2003. vegetation dynamics. Silvertown. management and restoration. John Wiley & Sons. types and their climatic effects. 1st Edition. Houghton. 2. K. types of climate change models. 1. John Wiley & Sons. water resources. survival and extinction. 2004. Recommended Books: 1. ED. John Wiley & Sons.T. J. human activities and vegetation dynamics. climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. Warrick. Plant population dynamics. UK 1991. etc. Effects. Maarel. Springer. 56 . plant invasions. B & Jager.D. resources and plants. Vegetation Ecology Ed. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. Life history strategies of plants. Modeling of climate change. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. 2005. Oxford. Hardy. & Charlesworth. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. 3. Shulze. 2005. plant conservation.Causes. Recommended Books: 1. geographical and temporal patterns. Green House Gases. Beck. COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. Climate Change . J.. 2003. 2. Berlin. 2005. Climate Change and Ecosystems. Chichester. 4. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach.Causes.). competition and coexistence. Effects. The Green House Effect. (Ed. E & Muller-Hohenstein. Plant Ecology. T. UK. Earthscan Publication Ltd. D. Introduction to Plant Population Biology. Climate Change . global aspects of plant ecology..COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. and Solutions. London. ECOPE 29. Species richness. Oxford UK. Blackwell Publishing. Blackwell Publishing. forests. 5. E. 2005.
FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. Sinauer Assocaites. Cambridge. COURSE 11 WILDLIFE. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. management. Participatory forest management. their ecological and economic importance. distribution.COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction. I). Roberts. Mcmillan. Loss of biodiversity. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation.J. 2002. 3. T. their types and role in conservation. W. J.G. London. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. 5. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity.D. deforestation and its control. Wildlife Ecology and Management. Protection and restoration of species. USA. biological diversity. Robinson. 2. Global and national biodiversity. Cambridge. T. Bailey.A. Blackwell Publsihing. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali.B. B. kinds. Oxford. Oxford University Press.(2nd Ed. types. E. John Wiley And Sons.J. UK. Extinction of species. And Bolen. 2004. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management. Conserving Living Natural Resources. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. Wetlands. Publishers Sunderland. habitats and ecosystems. Recommended Books: 1. Oxford University Press. Consumptive. Biodiversity: An introduction. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan. 4. Cambridge University Press. S. Weddell. Forests.J. Roberts. Principles of Wildlife Management.J. 2002. distribution. 1973 2. 1984. K. Recommended Books: 1. threats and conservation. distribution and management. UK. Primack. 57 .) Gaston. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity. 1986. Status of forests in Pakistan. types. Sustainable forest management. Inc. 1992. R. J. 1998. Essentials of Conservation Biology. Establishment and management of protected areas. Wildlife of Pakistan. Oxford. Forest plantations. & Spicer. Oxford University Press. Rangeland management. Protected areas in Pakistan. 3. Threatened animals and plants. Protected areas. their importance. its causes. Oxford. & Ripley.L. II). S. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. problems and solutions. status.
A. Environmental problems of urban life. S. Penguin Group. G. 2000. 2004. 1986. Silberstein. USA. 2. sanitation. 3. SAGE Publications Ltd. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development..and Maser. E&UA Div. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. 58 . urbanization in Pakistan. C. UK. Urban planning and management in Pakistan. Urban land use planning and management. Recommended Books: 1. H. Kate. CRC Press LLC.. 1993. management of transport. 4. V. future of urban centers. Longman Group. Ministry of Housing and Works. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages. Government of Pakistan. Introducing Town Planning. urban landscape characteristics. USA. drinking water and solid waste in cities. New York.. Planning and Urban Change. Islamabad.. urban systems and their characteristics.COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction. Sustainable cities. Forms of urbanization. 2007. The Works: Anatomy of a City. Ward. urban political ecology. UK. London. J. Clara.
Exercises 1. Third edition. a) Functional English Grammar 1. Martinet.Annexure .J.V. Oxford University Press. Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. 1997. ISBN 0194313492 59 . Thomson and A. Practical English Grammar by A.A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1.
and speed reading. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. Reading. b) Practical English Grammar by A. Martinet. minutes of meetings.J. Oxford University Press. Reading/Comprehension 1. Exercises 2. intensive and extensive. Fourth Impression 1993. Writing. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 . Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. 1997.V. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. Oxford Supplementary Skills. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. Upper Intermediate. Third Impression 1992. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. Thomson and A.2. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. Third edition.
2. form. introduction to presentations. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet.J. clarity. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Advanced by Ron White.V. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. descriptive and argumentative writing). Writing. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. Reading 1. Writing. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. Martinet. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. content. Exercises 2. Third edition. Practical English Grammar by A. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Advanced. language. Reading. Third Impression 1992.1. b) Writing 1. Writing. Oxford Supplementary Skills. discursive. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. narrative. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 . Oxford Supplementary Skills. Oxford University Press 1986. Fourth Impression 1992. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. 2. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. Thomson and A. Third Impression 1991. Fourth Impression 1993.
General Editiors: Janice Neulib. College Writing Skills by John Langan. Kathleen Shine Cain. Compiled by norther Illinois University. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. 3. 62 . Kirszner and Stephen R. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. argumentative and report writing). St. A Custom Publication.(particularly suitable for discursive. without taxing the taste of engineering students). Martin’s Press. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. 2004. descriptive. Mandell. 2. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton.
Annexure . issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. 2. contemporary Pakistan. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. 2. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. Muslim advent iii. 4. . 1993. Karachi: Oxford University Press. 3. Indus Civilization ii. Society and social structure c. Study the process of governance. Economic institutions and issues b.M. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Location and geo-physical features. 1999 onward 3. People and Land i. ideological background of Pakistan. Akbar. politics. 1994. S. Contemporary Pakistan a. Course Outline 1. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. 63 Books Recommended 1. 1971-77 d. 2000. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki. 1977-88 e. Safdar. national development. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. 1947-58 b. Historical Perspective a. government. Lahore. S. 1988-99 f. 1958-71 c. Ethnicity d. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c.B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. Mehmood. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. State & Society in Pakistan. Shahid Javed. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Zaidi. b.
14. 13. 1967. Karachi: Royal Book Company. 8.National Movement in Pakistan. Wilcox. 1980. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. I. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia.5. Club Road. 1987. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. M. Aziz.The Emergence of Banglades. Islamabad. Lawrence. Pakistan Under Martial Law. Mehmood. Ansar. nd. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. 64 . Party. 1993. Khalid Bin. Amin. Wayne. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Haq. 12.. 1976. History & Culture of Sindh. 7. The Political System of Pakistan. 1980. 1972. Lahore: Vanguard.K. Safdar. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. 10. Enigma of Political Development. K. Afzal. Muhammad Waseem. Institute of Public Policy Research. 6. II & III. Tahir. Sayeed. 1998. Washington: American Enterprise. Politics in Pakistan. Noor ul. Ethno . Pakistan Kayyun Toota. 9. Vol. Rafique. Ziring. 11. Zahid. Political Parties in Pakistan.
57.56.Tadabar (Verse No1.20) Related to thinking.Annexure .W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.58.A.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 .) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.19.A.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.21.A.40.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar. 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.6.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.
in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt.
Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. Ahmad Hasan. IRI. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute.S.3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Studies in Islamic Law. International Islamic University.” Hussain Hamid Hassan. Pakistan. “Emergence of Islam” . Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. Bhatia. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. Islamabad (2001) 67 .
system of linear equations. matrix inverse. equations reducible to quadratic equations. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. types. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations.Annexure . Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. functions. types of functions. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. Houghton & Mifflin. set operations. 1978.D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. determinants. Sharron S. cube roots of unity. PWS-Kent Company. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. Boston Swokowski EW. harmonic progression. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. geometric progression. not majoring in mathematics. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. trigonometric identities. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. Cramer’s rule. complex numbers. Wooton W. 1986. introduction to sets. PWS-Kent Company. Boston 68 . College Algebra and Trigonometry. Beckenback EF. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. 1987.
not majoring in mathematics. inequalities. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. differentiation of polynomial. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. various forms of equation of a line. Davis S. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. derivatives. left-hand and right-hand limits. 2005. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. intersection of two lines. distance between a point and a line. not majoring in mathematics. Ma. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. USA 3. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Calculus (11th edition). angle between two lines. Addison-Wesley. equation of a line. Finney AR. John Wiley. 1983. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. continuous functions. PWS-Kent Company. Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. Boston Thomas GB.2. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. integration by parts. Calculus (3rd edition). Bevens I. continuity. integration by substitution. rational and transcendental functions. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. Reading. New York Stewart J. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. 1995. 69 . parallel and perpendicular lines. functions and their graphs. 2005. change of variables in indefinite integrals. distance between two points. slope of a line. solution of equations involving absolute values. Recommended Books: Anton H. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition).
: After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. 70 . COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). hyperbola. types of functions. • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. 1987. Conic Sections: Parabola. • Contents 1. Cramer’s rule. inverse of matrices. circles determined by various conditions. system of linear equations. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). 1969 Kaufmann JE. nature of roots of quadratic equations. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. Scott. functions. Introduction to sets. types of matrices. Freshman and Company. Boston Swokowski EW. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. set operations. PWS-Kent Company. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. determinants. ellipse. intersection of lines and circles. locus of a point in various conditions. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. 1986. : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. College Algebra and Trigonometry. Analytic Geometry. equations reducible to quadratic equations.Circle: Equation of a circle. Boston 4. PWS-Kent Company. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains.
. moments. individual. Prentice Hall. Wilcox.geometric and harmonic progressions. 4. bar frequency diagram histogram. tally sheet method. 3. relationship of statistics with social science.. characteristics of statistics. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. 2. Swokowski. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. R. E. Latest Edition. Walpole. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. 2. Latest Edition. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. 5. Kaufmann. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. R. array. J. deciles and percentiles. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. E. discrete and continuous series. R. 71 . variance. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. frequency polygon. W. circle and trigonometric functions. skewness and kurtosis. Latest Edition. cumulative frequency curve. Books Recommended: 1. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. E. PWS-Kent Company. trigonometric identities. Measures of dispersion: Range. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. ungrouped and grouped data. Boston. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. Graphs: Graph of straight line. quartiles.. types of frequency series. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. standard deviation..
Recommended Books: 1. 2. Calculus Single and Multivariable. Hughes-Hallett. E. integration by parts. Prentice-Hall. Continuity. special points of a function. Inc. Calculus. H. 6. 3rd Edition. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. 5. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. integration using partial fractions. Equation of a Line. 1983.Jr. 3. 4th edition. Calculus. Swokowski. and Transcendental Functions. Inc. substitution method. 8th edition. 2005. products. W. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. Contents 1. I. Jhon Willey & Sons. Integration by Parts. John Wiley & Sons. quotients. integration by inspection. Frank A. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. McCallum. 2002. Bevens. logarithmic integration. Leibnitz’ theorem. applications of integration. Davis. Second Edition 1992. Solution of equations involving absolute values. Schaum’s Outline Series. Rational Functions. logarithmic differentiation. 2005. Slope of a Line. the chain rule. infinite and improper integrals. the inverse of differentiation. et al. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . S. Continuous Functions. Inequalities. Calculus. 11th Edition. theorems of differentiation. 6. Addison Wesley publishing company. • Integration Integration from first principles. 4. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. implicit differentiation. Boston. Thomas. reduction formulae. integral inequalities. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. John H. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. 1999. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. Extreme Values of Functions. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus. Trigonometric Functions. plane polar coordinates. 2. Mathews. Anton. Gleason. Rational and Transcendental Functions. Elliott Mendelson. Least-Squares Line. sinusoidal function.
geometric series. alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. inverses of hyperbolic functions. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. finding the nth roots of unity. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. identities of hyperbolic functions. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. approximation errors in Taylor series. arithmetico-geometric series. modulus and argument. division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. solving hyperbolic equations. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4. series involving natural numbers. complex conjugate. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem.Additions and subtraction. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. the difference method. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 . multiplication.
line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7. line to line. centers of mass and centroids. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. point to plane. symmetric and antisymmetric. Hermitian. of a unitary matrix. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. the inner product. Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. orthogonal. scalar triple product.5. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 . 6. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. Pappus’ theorems. masses. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. moments of inertia. vector product.
8. divergence of a vector field. div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. combinations of grad. curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. spherical polar coordinates 75 . differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field.
Unit 3. Different types of Averages. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Histogram. Type-I and Type-II errors. The semi-Interquartile Range. Exercises. Unit 4. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Quantiles. sampling with and without replacement. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Stem and Leaf Display. The Variance and standard deviation. The Mean Deviation. sample design and sampling frame. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Moments and Moments ratios. Observations. Editing of Data. Pie chart. level of significance. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Sources. Absolute and relative measures. Range. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Unit 2. Probability and Probability Distributions. Poisson and Normal Distribution. Diagrams. Data. bias. Presentation of Data Introduction. Empirical Relation between Mean. acceptance and rejection regions. Unit 5. probability and non-probability sampling. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. Difference of means and proportions. properties of Good Average. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Significant digits. Unit 7. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Median and mode. Bar charts. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Coefficient of variation. Collection of primary and secondary data. 76 . null and alternative hypothesis. Discrete and continuous variables. Box and Whisker Plot. Statistical problem. Rounding of a Number. Historigram. Graphs and their Construction. Exercises. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. Errors of measurement. Exercises. general procedure for testing of hypothesis.Annexure . Interpretation of the standard Deviation. Ogive for Discrete Variable. Exercises Unit 6. Exercises.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Exercises. Change of origin and scale. sampling and non sampling errors. Exercises. Types of frequency curves. definition of outliers and their detection. Standardized variables. The Mode. Test statistics. Population.
Exercises Unit 10.Unit 8. Inc. F. 2 Muhammad. Coefficient of linear correlation. Exercises. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. 2005. Testing of Hypothesis. R. Macmillan Publishing Co.Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. 77 . Regression and Correlation Introduction. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples.Single Population Introduction. its estimation and interpretation.. cause and effect relationships. 3rd Ed. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. Correlation. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. simple linear regression. “Introduction to Statistics”. Unit 11. Kitab Markaz. examples. 1982. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. E. Contingency Tables. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. New York. Exercises Unit 9.. r and R2. Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole. estimation of parameters and their interpretation.
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