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For BS MS
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………
6 12 14 50 51
new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream.ALTAF ALI G. degree awarding institutions. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. DR. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic. universities and other institutions of higher education. Lahore. 2009 at the HEC Regional Center. the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses. SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 . imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge. R&D organizations. and 36. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions.). The world has turned into a global village. D773/76-JEA (cur. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation. It is. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours.PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. the Federal Government vide notification No. dated December 4th 1976. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. respective accreditation councils and stake holders. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. therefore. It also aimed to give a basic. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. 63. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. PROF. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration.
OF NCRC. QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. OF DRAFT BY NCRC REVIEW IMPLE. OF CURRI. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI. Abbreviations Used: NCRC. IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. Preparation 5 . OF FINAL CURRI.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRI. EXP. UNI. PREP. COL. UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRI. R&D. LI R&D HEC Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I PREP. REC. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREP.
Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. Member 3. Rawalpindi Dr. April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline. Member 6 . Lahore Member 6. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. Member 4. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. Dr. Dr. Rawalpindi Dr. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head. Member 5. Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr. Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall. Following attended the meeting:1. Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. Karachi from 28-30. 7. Dr.Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre.
Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9. Member 10. 13. Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore. Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. Member 15. Member 14. Dr. Dr. Karachi Member 12. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. Prof. Dr. Prof. Dr. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr. Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof.8. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr. Member 11. 7 . Dr. Member 16. Dr. Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof.
Mr. Islamabad coordinated the meeting. Dr. Faisalabad Member 18. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society.17. Member 19. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr. Director of HEC Regional Center. Karachi. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. Shafiq-ur-Rehman. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards. Dr. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University. Secretary Dr. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement. 8 . the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. Chairman. Mr. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. The meeting was opened by Mr. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. Member 20. The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. 2. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. 1. At first. Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum.
The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 . In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population. 5. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment. The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development. 4. The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. 1. The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. In last few centuries. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. 3. Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities. 6. The committee thanked Mr. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. 2. The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development.3.
The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility. Apply theoretical understanding. ii. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. This committee. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today. and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences. regional and global contexts. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv. Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 . This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. in its preliminary meeting. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development. professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. 5. Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i. skills and behaviour patterns.
e. pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme. 1. The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2. 2. Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee. Integrating natural sciences. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3. assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F. 5. The 11 . Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals. with consensus. 4. skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes.. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science. eight semesters in the semester system. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level. 6. UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles. Sc. 3. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. A. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration. The medium of instruction. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English. that: 1.
Sociology/Anthropology* 11. English-III 18. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7. SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1. Introduction to Computer 14. Environmental Chemistry 15. Environmental Microbiology 21. Biology –I* 3. The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order. English-II 12. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5. Environmental Physics 16. Introduction to Environmental Science 2. English-I 6. Environmental Pollution 22. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. Biology –II* 9.proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. Basic Chemistry* 4. Climatology* 23. Psychology* . Fundamentals of Ecology 20. Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13. Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19. Introductory Economics* 17. Introduction to Earth Science 8.
Environmental Monitoring 36. ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37. 46. ELECTIVE-III 42. 44. Natural Resource Management 40. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30. 45. Applied Ecology 26. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. Environmental Economics 29. Environmental Biotechnology 32. Environmental Impact Assessment 39. ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31. English-IV/ Univ. Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours . Research Methods in Environmental Science 41. Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25. Environmental toxicology 27. Environmental Management Systems 34. Climate Change 38. Opt.24. Biodiversity & Conservation 35.
• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical. • Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .
6th Ed.A. R. Schoch. and their relationships with various environmental factors. history. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet.M. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY . Pearson Educational. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment. G. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future.I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life. poverty and resource depletion. philosophical. current global. & Yonavjak. 2007. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Environmental Science: working with the Earth. 2002. its importance in human life. 2007. Botkin. ecological. L. M. McKinney. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth. & Nebel. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates. environmental pollution. E. Wright. proteins and nucleic acids.DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development. Thomson Learning. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts. Miller. lipids. Major components of environment: physico-chemical.T. 10th Ed. 15 . national. ethical. Different aspects of environment: physical.. socio-economic.. 2007 3. development in industry and agriculture. D.L. B. biological and social. 4th Ed. Human environment and its problems: global. The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms. R.J. 2. urbanization. John Wiley & Sons. 4.B & Keller. Environmental Science: systems and solutions. Recommended Books: 1. regional. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society.
and Whitelaw. New York. esters. chemical diversity. lipids. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations. V. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin. Cells. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods. A.Hill International Edition. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus. Cassimeris. 1. Plopper. 2. and Lewis. coordinate covalent bond. 2007. C. McGraw. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Introduction to cell biology. R. Starr. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. J. Biology: a Human Emphasis. Self Assessment and Revie. USA. Lewis. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa. proteins. N. Australia . Bulter. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. Shier. B. covalent. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. carbohydrates.. Aromatic compounds. Ionic. USA. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology. chemical basis of life. Wadsworth Group. protobionts. origin of metabolism. Study of mitosis in onion root tip.Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life. R. Canada. Molecular Biology through Questions.. The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. 5. 3. Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell. 4.. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. 16 . carbonyls. G. 2003.. 2008. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning. Origin of life: chemical evolution. E. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions. USA. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. amines). General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. 8th Ed. the molecule of genetic information and replication. Nucleic acids. Ltd. Cell division. 5th Edetion. phospholipids in membrane systems. 1996. lipids. D. 2007. L. polypeptides in protein diversity. Lingappa. Jones and Bartlett Publishers.. carboxylic acids. Crossley. The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. M. Structure and the basis of function.
Thin layer chromatography.H. Recommended Books: 1. molal. Binomial theorem (Simple applications).ions. 2003. 2nd Edition. straight line and related concepts. 3. J... concepts of six basic trigonometric functions. equations of lines (linear equations). West. Algebra of matrices. Understanding Environmental Pollution.S. Surface chemistry.Special Products (Binomial Expression).. series and means. Hill. P. 1st Ed. normal solutions/buffers. 2. determinants. Osmosis and Dialysis. expansion of determinants. J. real line. double angle formulas. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. Solution chemistry. UK. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles. D. 5. 2004. Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers. Cambridge University Press. B. and Reid. geometric and harmonic sequence. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. 2004. Girard. 4. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. USA.. P. Sequence and series: Arithmetic. 17 . W. coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane. Andrews.E. simultaneous equations and their solutions. Brimblecombe. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry.. Column chromatography. Measurement of pH. Harris. Skoog. Lab Work Preparation of molar. and Holler. 8th Edition. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane. D. Blackwell Science..D.K.. 2005. UK. T. F. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations). Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula. graphs. Use of spectrophotometric techniques.M. COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences. Photochemical reactions. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional). 2nd Edition. M.J. Matrices and Determinants: Matrix. radicals. Jones and Barlett. values of trigonometric functions. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra. law of Cosines. Jickells. angle-sum formula.A. EC and TDS in waste water. USA. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. Canada. 2004. Freeman and Company. minor and cofactor of a matrix.C.E.. Thomson and Brooks. Liss. Colloids chemistry. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis.J. 6th Edition. D..
plate tectonics. different earth processes like mountain buildings. Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography. 1999. Integration: Formulas of integration.Cramer’s Rule. 4. Introduction to sedimentary. cleavages. faults. mountain building. Addission. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. Smith. composition and its internal structure. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension. G. Jr. 18 .B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. the processes of their formation. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors..A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure . D. K. and Finney. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. weathering and erosion. California. 2. theorems on differentiation (sum. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. Introduction to rocks and minerals. J. Pacific Grove..B. Narosa Publishing House. theorem of integration. S. Chatterjee. product and quotient rules without derivations). irreducible quadratic factors.Wesley. earthquakes. Introduction to folds. Abraham. Recommended Books: 1. difference. This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals. Scott Foresman and Company. 3. Fossils and their significance. New Delhi. its origin. igneous and metamorphic rocks. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. L. lineation and unconformities. Analytical Geometry. 4th Ed. earthquakes and volcanoes. 10th Ed. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. nonrepeated linear factors. Weathering. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation. Earth as a member of solar system. age. foliation. Thomas. R. Chain rule. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. joints. by parts integration (simple applications). Trignometry for College students. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions. erosion and related landforms. COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure .
modern concepts. K. Darwinism. Prentice Hall. 11th Edition. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification. biodiversity crises. and Tasa... Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life. multicellularity. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants. invasion of life on land. interactions among diversified life. 2007 3. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms. Prentice Hall: 2006.. F. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories. consequences of losing biodiversity. G.Identification of rocks and minerals. unicellularity. 9th Edition. Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology. Foundations of Structural Biology.. Wicander.. Geological time chart with biodiversity. E. Smith. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation. Prentice Hall. 2004. Biodiversity of deserts. population loss and decline. R. A. Biodiversity of canal. Earth Science. and Tasa. 5. Lutgens.. Life in sea. Park. 4. K. D. animals). 3rd Edition. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species.. How Does Earth Work. examples of adjustments in varied environment. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. J. Lamarckism. Geographical aspects of biodiversity.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps. crucial for organisms’ sustainability. Brooks/Cole. COURSE 8 BIOLOGY . 19 . J. different classification systems. D.. molecular basis of biodiversity. Lutgens. 2007 2. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water. R. Routledge. protocell formation. measuring biodiversity. causes of extinction.. F. Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. E. Physical Geology and Process of Science.II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution. Biodiversity of hilly areas. Field Study tour. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat. Tarbuck. and Pun. Recommended Books: 1. Tarbuck. J. and Monroe. Use of brunton compass and GPS. 2005. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis. 5th Edition. G. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity.
2003. culture and society. UK. Blackwell Science Ltd. I. Bradbury. 20 . COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure .. C. Nora and Wilk. IL:WavelandPress. Use of environment for vested interest. (editor). The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology. 2. Tripartite nature of environment. 4. globalization and environmental issues. New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. and concerns. Inc. and Spicer. K. Environmental Risks and the Media. Gaston. Allan & Carter. J. Conceptualizing environment. 2nd Edition. 2001. Adam. Inc. Hannen. Understanding the environment-human relationship. Consumption.K.. 2005. Recommended Books: 1. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions. K. Crumley. 2000. Scope and application.E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems. CA: AltaMira Press. L.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. I. Chronological. New York: New York University Press. Biology. Prospect Heights. UK. P. J. 2006. Walnut Creek. Biodiversity (An Introduction). Starr. Culture. Wadsworth Group. The Ecology of global consumer culture. 3. (editors). and Sustainable Living. 2. Contemporary environmental status. C. R. UK. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. The Biosphere. Contemporary environment issues and debate. Routledge. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. 5th Edition. 2009. 3. USA. a Human Emphasis. power & hegemony. Townsend. John Wiley and Sons. 2009. Perspective of human-environment evolution. Goals and expectations. 3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment.
Ms-Access. output hardware. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere. 2. Configurations. COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure . physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry. Marquis A. K. Selin. Recommended Books: 1. Hardware: Input Hardware. Milton.London 1996. Course Outlines Definition. Fundamentals of computer. Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse..BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment. e-mail. software packages. as are their effects on the biosphere. G.6th Ed. Storage hardware.C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components. Long l.Microsoft office 2000. computer programs and basic applications. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion.H. Kluwer Academic Publishers. processing hardware. Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures. internet. Ms-Excel. Local Area Network.. Types and classification of computers. Courter. Introduction to MS-Word. Rutledge. 21 . 6. After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure . Long N. Software: Application software. system software. 2003. Operating system (Windows). Ed. Ms-Power Point.5.1999.
Jones and Barlett. Heat radiation and heat transfer. 3. and Singh. 2. its causes and adverse effects on environment. Fate of pollutants in environment. M. Thomson-Brooks.T.. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer. J. USA. 2008. Environmental impact of various industries. Recommended Books: 1. 5. Blackwell Science. Gaussian plumes in the air. Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics. Jickells. Electromagnetic radiation. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light. Transport of pollutants. Energy conversion. Girard.M. Ozone chemistry.. Turbulent diffusion. DoriaSerrano. J. P. Springer. atmospheric and soil chemistry.E. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Liss. Basic acoustics. Samir. G. trophic level. Environmental Chemistry. J. Active control of sound. Ibanez. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. Reducing the transmission of sound.. Radioactivity and nuclear physics. Canada. Conversion of mass. Ozone and UV light. photosynthesis.. Nuclear energy. 2004. Solids. Fregoso-Infante. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts. Energy.. Environmental Science..D. B. 2004. Turbulence. Brimblecombe. 2nd Edition.. and Reid. Isotopes and radioactive decay.S. India. 1st Edition. Particle physics. Hernandez-Esparza. Equations of fluid dynamics. UK. Germany.. Global climate and climatic change. C.. Diffusion. Entropy. Andrews. Measurement and comparison of the 22 . Liquids and Gasses. T. Fundamentals of aquatic. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light.E.Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry. COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants.. 4..J. K. Sound and Noise. P. 1999. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems.G. Turbulent jets and plumes. A. Solar spectrum. Environmental Chemistry. their sources and toxic actions. Banerji Prentice Hall of India. Miller. Human perceptions and noise criteria. Chemical reactions. interaction of light with matter. 2005. M.
New York.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. E. population and environmental quality. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. 2. Economic Development. Recommended Books: 1. 4. Introductory Environmental Physics. interaction between ecology and economic management. economic progress. USA. Environmental economics. concepts and measurement. UK. economic growth and its measurement. 2006. and Resource allocation. World Bank Publications.. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. producer and community point of view. Guyot. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter. 2001. Todaro. 23 . Economic management and environmental quality. 2008. Growth and development. Measures for sustainable development. G. S. COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. Yusuf. H. USA. C. Routledge. Field visit. Smith. 7th Ed. 2. Environmental Physics. Boeker. M. 2001. Physics of the Environment and Climate.1998. economic growth. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Praxis publishing. and Van Grondelle. Wesely Publishers. John Wiley and Sons Inc. R. economic welfare and difference among all. P. Man environmental relationship.Economic development. J. Sustainable development. poverty. Growth and Environment. Course Outlines Introduction to economics. USA. S. N. Seinfeld. 3. Recommended Books: 1. Impact of economic activity on environment. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. Natural resources and the economy. 2008. Producer behavior. and Pandis. Kentucky USA. Pakistan economic context: National income. USA. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. Economic functions of environment. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer.
First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. DeVeer. population. Recommended Books: 1. Environmental philosophy and ethics. COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure . 3. World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography.V. Portland 1967. community and ecosystem. London. Ecosystem and its types. Natural philosophy. England. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. J. World Bank Publications. USA.A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems.. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy. Shogren. Farmington Hills. 24 . Introduction to ethical theory. biogeography. branches of ecology. its fundamental concepts. USA. B. Callicott. A History of Western Philosophy. Swift. 4. Russell. concepts and approaches.. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale.. levels of ecological organization. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy. C. ethics and ecology. International Thomson Publishing. Hanley. the ethics of soil. 2002. 2008.. and systems ecology. species. 2009. 2008. LLC. Touchstone Books. 2007. M.3. Environmental Critics of agriculture. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. role of light. Economics. J. Course Outlines Introduction. & Pierce.A. Kessinger Publishing. SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology. WCIV7AA. R. D. Ecology. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy. Palgrave Macmillan. 2. soil. community. and White. Frodeman. B. 4. temperature. description of population. N. B. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. water.
Cambridge University Press. 2001 5. 5th Ed. and S. agricultural and industrial ecosystems. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. Dash. After completion of this course.L and Reiss.Cox. Lab Work 25 . J. M C J 1st ed. Systems ecology. Chapman. C. N. Odum. habitat and niche. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea. various concepts of community. aquatic microbiology. bacteria and eukarya. 3. Recommended Books 1. ecological modeling. students will be able to understand the significance. Ecology (principles and applications). Fundamentals of Ecology. WCB/McGraw-Hill. Microbial metabolism. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment. 2004. New York. G. characteristics of urban. plant geography and animal distribution. M J. Microbiology of terrestrial environments. Thomson Brooks/Cole. Populations. landscape changes and their importance. Fundamentals of Ecology. population dynamics. Biogeochemical cycles of C. New Delhi. Concepts of Limiting factors. P. Ecosystem: structure and function. aero-microbiology and food microbiology.) Moles. Population distribution and abundance. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. C. biotic factors. Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. Ecology (concepts and applications. distribution limits. E P. 1992. productivity of different ecosystems. 1st Ed. J. King’s College London. 2. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. 1999 4. 6th Ed. B. and More. Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology.topography and air as ecological factors. landscape ecology.W. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems. Biomes of the world. M. role and application of microorganisms in the environment. 2000. with special emphasis on their environmental impact. and Barett. UK. community dynamics. UK. Tata McGraw-Hill.
C.. Harley. 2nd Edition.G. Microbiology. Dilution plate technique. Cambridge University Press.. Butterworth-Heinemann. nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution. M. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution.A..M. USA. Sylvia. Hill.. Weiner. and Stetzenbach. 5. New Jersey. 2. Solid Waste generation.. L. and Klein. 2005. J. USA. Hurrst.J. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic.and Vesilaind. J. W. Mean plate count.J. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual. and Jeffery. 2002.and Brendecke. 4. 3.J. 2007. 2005. Academic Press. Marine & Industrial pollution. Environmental Microbiology. Case Studies..1998. Understanding Environmental Pollution.W.J. 2. Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents. its sources and their effects.F. J. M.J. Noise. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines. peppor.I. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water. USA. C. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution.L.V... Washington DC..A. D. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal. American Society for Microbiology. USA. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel.. 2005. Academic Press.P.B. A. P. Knudsen. Effects of Pollutants.R. G. UK.K. Collection. isolation. Academic Press. Environmental Pollution and Control. Pollution Control Strategies. transportation & treatments. Recommended Books: 1.D. McInernery. 2009.L. Crawford.L. 3. Maier.. F. 1995. Peiece. Cambridge UK. and Gerba. Fate of Environmental Pollutants. London. Manual of Environmental Microbiology.. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology.P. Types of Environmental pollution: Air. (Elsevier) USA. I. Human & other living organisms. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution. Pepper. R. and Zuberer. L. Prentice Hall.. USA. C.Gerba. 2 Edition. 4th Edition. McGraw Hill Inc. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally.M. 26 . D. purification and preservation. R. Hartel. International Protocols (BASAL Convention). Recommended Books 1.Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection. Soil.M.P. Prescott.A. Water. D. Fuhrmann. P.
5. 3. 27 .From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. Mechanism of heat transfer.4.. global circulation. Climatology. N. The Hydrologic cycle. processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. . Solar radiations. COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems.K. Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere. Surface winds. Karachi. Marcel Dekkar. Tarbuck. Radiation and climate.2nd Editions. John Wiley and Sons. Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History. Weather and Climate.. 2006 5.. Royal book company. The Atmosphere.W. 2003.. Lawrance K.M. Shamshad. local winds. The climate of Pakistan. K. condensation and cloud Formation.E. 1992.J. Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). Methods of psychology. A brief historical background and schools of psychology. American Public Health Association (APHA). Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . Heat and the Earth's atmosphere. The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan. A. 6th Edition. Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere. Factors affecting air Pressure. Spyros. The Physics of Atmospheres. 4. climatic zones of Pakistan. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment. concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences. Recommended Books: 1. Pandis. Four Spheres of the Earth. Houghton J. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology. Sadder. 2. air pressure. 1988. Environmental psychology. 2002. John H. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. Cloud Classification. Cambridge University Press. Austin Miller. Lutgens.F.
Routledge. threats and mitigation. Soil as a natural resource.W. limitation of irrigated agriculture. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. Environmental perception and cognition. T. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. 5th Edition. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts. Bell. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine. High population density and psychological impacts. 2. Fundamental of Psychology. Recommended Books: 1. solar radiation and primary production. London.A. Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. CRC Press. COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. Sustainable agricultural practices.D. Sustainable livestock management practices.characteristics and research methods. Routledge. M. Eysenck. techniques and methods of restoration. concepts. 28 . Background and scope. soil resources of Pakistan. Pollution control through Ecology. carbon dioxide and global climate change. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change. 2001.C. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. Water and distribution of species. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. soil salinity and water logging. P. Environmental Psychology... wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan. Ecology of food production. Water as an ecological resource. Course Outline Introduction. Ecological restoration. and Baum A. Restoration of derelict lands. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species. soil erosion and conservation. London. sustainable agriculture. Future water scenario of Pakistan. rivers. Greene. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. CRC Press. 1992. Fisher J. energy and carbon balance. their management and ecological restoration. species response to pollutants.
Odum E. E. 1989. Peshawar. Potentiation and Addition. Lahore.. 2000 2. soil and air samples. 5. B.. Falk. Toxicity: Types and its measurement. Thomson Brooks/Cole. COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals. K. Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water. Margaret A. Rashid. toxicology of chemicals. in vivo & in vitro assays. Blackwell Scientific Publications. toxins & toxicants. 3. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system. and Hobbs. Determination of chemicals in biological samples. 29 .. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. Soil Science. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures.W.Recommended Books: 1. Island Press. R. and Barett. toxins vs toxicants.I. Pakistan’s Environment. G. Israr-ud-Din. A. University of Peshawar. their containment and control strategies. 2006. Studies in Pakistan Geography.1998. J. 2004. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic. and Memon. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. water and soil. terminologies: Poisons. Immunological considerations in toxicology. P. Chemical interactions and their types. Synergism.. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing.P. 4. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. toxicity screening using microbial systems.S. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents. USA. Mumtaz. Foundations of Restoration Ecology. A. Newman. Zedler. 1996. Fundamentals of Ecology. 5th Edition. 2nd ed. J. Oxford. biological effects. Islamabad. K and Habib. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. from natural and anthropogenic sources.National Book Foundation. dose response relationship in living organisms. on human and other living organisms. D.A. Shirkat Gah. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals. Determination of Interaction of chemicals. Organs. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms.
pollution control-a general model. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology. 5th Edition. urbanization and pollution. economic development and the environment. 1993. Klassen. education. health. USA. 2005 2. USA. land. 1st Edition. geography. W. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York. Williams. Course Outlines Introduction to history. 3. topographic zones. culture. Economic: agriculture. Hughes.Science of Poisons . State of the Environment-Pakistan . clean development mechanism. B. Ecological: ecological zones. P. Government of Pakistan. USA. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann. industry. Recommended Books 1. 1st Edition.D. Vol. the economic benefits of different environmental resources.Recommended Books 1. the economy and the environment.1 & 2. Course Outlines Introduction. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement. major ecosystems. Recommended Books: 30 .2005 2. (ed. 1992. people.. CRC Press Llc. the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements.). General and Applied Toxicology. measuring environmental benefits. water resources.M. 3. W. Ballantyne. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis. First and Second law of Thermodynamics. McGrawhill. M. Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. 1996. T and Turner. international trade and the environment. 1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development. Macmillan Press Ltd. COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development. economic aspects of different environmental problems. Environmental Profile of Pakistan.
D. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve. 2. 2. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. Gravimetery. Harris. 2005. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater.I. 3..and Field. All Solids.UK. Skoog. Holler. and F.I. Oxford University Press. 3. M. Environmental Economics. 31 . Sparrow and D. soil (NPK and organic matter contents.C.L. Collingwood. Biomarkers in environmental assessment. Analytical techniques for soil. preparation and storage. Johns Hopkins University Press. New York... 1999.. C. B. 8th Edition. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling. Conductivitymetry. West. Spectroscopy and Chromatography. Peverill. Australia. Standard solutions and standard curves. 2000. 2003. NO3–N & NH4-N). Data interpretation for quality control. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Reuter. USA. Kolstad. Turner. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples. COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive. Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH. Pearce. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction. Oxford. 1993. Freeman & Co. I.D. J. 6th Edition.J. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin.K. units. Lab Work S. salinity & sodicity). CSIRO Publ.1. Titrimetery. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery.. Sample collection.. Use of Potentiometery. Environmental Economics: An Introduction. D. BOD. COD. Sample preservation methods. water and plant analysis. Conductivitymetry. and derived S. A.A. M. handling.2002. Recommended Books: 1. L. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. Thomson and Brooks. D.K. Fluoride. and Batemen.R.W. 4. Gravimetery. K.2004. C. Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory. D. precision and accuracy. Titrimetery. Field. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual.
Sambrook. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. National Biosafety Guidelines..1999. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment. J. Chichoster. purification and preservation of DNA. J. and Russel. Isolation. PCR. National Biotechnology Commission.). A. New York. USA. Cambridge University Press. Tools in environmental biotechnology. Course Outlines Introduction. USA.W. Scragg. 2001. Government of Pakistan. Recombinant DNA technology. 2007. W. 3. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. Biomarkers. Recommended Books 1.E. Germany. Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants. 5th Ed. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. Introduction to microbial kinetics. 2.COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments. Smith. students will be able to understand the significance.P. Bioreactors. Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures. Wiley-VCH Verlag. Oxford University Press. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd. D. (ed.. J. New York. and Josef. Environmental Biotechnology. 2005. COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 . Biotechnology. 2nd Ed. Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms.D. After completion of this course. 2009. USA. Derbre. and application of biotechnology in the environment. 2005. 4. Hans- Joachim. Biosensor. England. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns.living organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution.
Cartography. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). Campbell. John Wiley and Sons. advantages and limitations of process. A. Forestry. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. Satellite Imageries. history and platforms. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. Agriculture. Data acquisition. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. K and L. F. Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. Introduction to Photogrammetry. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). Aerial photography. Harvey. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1. analysis and output. 2009. Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. Fishery and wildlife. R. map projection and coordinate systems. Inc.Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. Mc Graw Hill Education. John Wiley and Sons. Introduction to GIS. Rancez. 2000. Pearsons Education. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. 3. Inc. Active and Passive remote sensing. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. 1999. Using and reading GPS in field. V. Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. Z. integration of information from many sources. Energy Sources. Types of data used in GIS. 2. Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. Dessinov. COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. Lulla. Jensen. Image Processing. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. 5. History and data collection. Inc. Interpretation. Guilfoud press New York. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. Data entry and output. Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. Different types of maps. 2000. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission. 4. eradication of the duplicated data. Preparation of thematic maps. 2008.
Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles. animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan. Environmental Management Systems Principles. plant. 2. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance.This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits. Conservation of biodiversity. alpha and beta diversity. 2006. and Qasim. and Yoxon. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. Environmental Economy. 1998.2nd Ed. threats to biodiversity.3rd Edition .C. Methods of environmental protection. Environmental aspects and impacts. B. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production. American Society for Quality. 34 . Certification of EMS.). Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1. threats to biodiversity and its conservation. Systems and Support Techniques. economic. Environmental Management tools. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS). 4. F. standards and guidelines. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. principles of Cleaner production.. American Society for Quality. Michigan. types of biodiversity. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. etc. M. International Organization for Standardization.. cleaner technologies. 2001. philosophical. 2005. Related Environmental legislation. A. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management. need and approach. social and ethical values of biodiversity. 3. WWF Pakistan. Course Outlines Introduction. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. Sheldon. M. ecological. Environment and sustainable development. eco-design. Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor. hot spots of biodiversity.. Khan.
1998. conservation in man-made ecosystems. Rawalpindi. national and international laws and regulations. EIA requirement. cities. soil and living organisms. P. refrigeration and freezing methods. P. Considerations.. 2000. design and types of samples. Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures. 35 . management. Course Outlines Introduction. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora. 2. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring. protected areas. field custody. croplands.D. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan. Lahore).conservation at species. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. quality assessment. Conservation of wildlife. Sinauer. 2000. and Morre. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. A Primer for Conservation Biology. Cox. water. sampling and design purposes.. Recommended Books: 1. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring. their categories. chemical addition. Biogeography. habitats. presampling requirements/information.. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan. 2ndEd. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i. community and ecosystem level. air. Legal protection of species. Mirza.e. international agreements. role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. Publ. C. 3. NOC for plant operation. London. Sunderland. forests. quality control sampling. Associates Inc.B. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment. plants. ecotourism. Saad Printers. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing. laboratory custody. population. role of traditional knowledge in conservation. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme. Kings College. conservation strategies. Preservation methods including pH control.R.B. Quality assurance and quality control. in-situ and ex-situ conservation. Lab Work Sampling techniques (air. Z. conservation and livelihood. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes.B.
Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. E. Physical. McKlivie. Earth Observation of Global Change. Keith.) McGraw-Hill. I. R.USA. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data. Chapman and Hall. . biological. and social factors contributing to climate and global change. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. Manahan. New York. Environmental Chemistry. altered community structure. Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. S. chemical. Lewis Publisher London. 2002. Patterns in Winds and Pressure. Peakall.. S. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. 2008. Human responses to potential climate change. human health. Remote Sensing Note. USA. Moisture in the Atmosphere. COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course. Murai. 7. and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change. 2002. 2. Burden. Tokyo. USA.Recommended Books: 1. extinctions. Chuviero. its causes and effects. (eds. N. 3. The Measurement of Climate Change. 8. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. H. Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change. (ed) Springer. agriculture. Precipitation. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention.1996. E. Forstner U. and Guethner. Recent Climate Change Indicators. Korte. 2nd Edition. USA. 5. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. 6. D. Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate. 1992. Air Pollution and Acid Rain. regional. phenological changes. L.. 2008. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. UK. 2000. Energy and Temperature. Regional droughts and 36 . Japan Association on Remote Sensing.1999. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts. F. D. Ozone depletion.
mitigation and impact management. 1986.A. and noise. 37 . & Nixon. Islamabad. Global Warming and Climate Change. Climate Change . (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. 2000. National Book Foundation. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan. Harrop. Cost and benefits of EIA. A. social impact assessment (SIA). Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice. T. public involvement. Types & Resources to produce Energy. Hardy. Blackwell. J. Glasson.. Hardy. Therivel. liquid. and Solutions. D. project implementation and follow up. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment. Oxford. 4. Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems. 1st Edition. John Wiley & Sons. EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan. Recommended Books: 1. scoping. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems. Effects. reporting. 3. J.O. 2005. John Wiley & Sons. review of EIA quality. EIA project management. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. Sringer. overview. 3. decision-making to implement the project. 2004. Main stages in EIA process. Global Change and the earth system. 1999. and Solutions. Houghton.. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. Climate Change . J. J. solids. Islamabad. 1994. R.(ed). 4. Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2).. 2. 2005. London. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts. and Chadwick. role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis.Causes.Causes. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels. principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society. Petts. London. Effects. 6. 2003. screening.). 5.. Keith. Earthscan Publication Ltd. 2003. Routledge. (ed. Ministry of Housing and Works.cataclysmic climate change.. Recommended Books: 1.T. COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project. J. A.. 2.. law. impact analysis. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. 2005.
B. management options. management options. 1993. 2nd Edition. Rangeland Management: existing status. threats. and Tu. & McCabe.. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan. Lohani. United Nations Environment Programme. H. their current status and threats. occurrence and distribution of natural resources. effective management. Ludwig. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. Watershed management: Importance basic principles. R.. M. forest types and its existing management. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy. USA.B and Warren. agriculture chemicals.). field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area. requirement. COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification. importance.. John Willey & Sons. national agriculture policy. Recommended Books: 1. S. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources. Evans. B. process and contents of the management plan. New York. Sadler. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level. agriculture products and their share in GDP. wind power and nuclear power. Conservation in Progress. Development of Management Plan: needs. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. problem in agriculture. A. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies.5. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. Asian Development Bank. national and provincial legislation. Everitt. best available option for future. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning.. Goldsmith. limitation in the future.. existing management approaches. 38 . threat and its causes. J. F. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. (ed. R. 2002. national example. Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. Types. wildlife census. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level. methodologies. Carpenter. solar power. causes and methods for its improvement. 1997.. their pros and cons. 6.. EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual.
4. P. Elsevier. How to put things together? Introduction. 1990. to introduce students to research design. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically. Case Studies. Objectives. Inference based on findings. Experimental Research. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. Islamabad. Questionnaire. and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research. Literature Search: Database. Interviews. Review of Literature. 1992. Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. W. Sage CA. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1. 39 . types of sampling design/. concepts and terminologies..1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study. Material Methods. Surveys. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice. USA.L. Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison). R. Environmental Conservation. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem. research methods. & Plano Clark. S.E. Hansen. Research Design & Research Methods. Review of Literature. V.A pre-requisite for Research.F. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design. 2007. Methodology. Thousand Oaks. Sampling: the logic of sampling.2. Selecting the Research Method. Creswell. Scientific Research: Science. 3. Dasmann. New York.Amsterdam. 1984. Research Proposal: its importance . J. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods. Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf. Bibliography. population and sampling frames. 5.E. Search Engines. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). and Jorqensen. GOP and IUCN. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data. John Wiley & Sons. Scientific Methods. London.
Students project in Environmental Science.h.. 1997. National Environmental Policy 4. 2nd Edition. 1997. Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation. of Chicago Press. 2003. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act. 2001.Batty. 2. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. USA. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan. Robert Yin. Survey Research Methods. Qadar. Writing Science Through Critical Thinking. Moriarty. Sage Publishers. Diamon. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan. Government of Pakistan 3. 2001 and the rules of business made there under. England. E. 2000.USA. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans. Belmont California.S. 2008. G. Univ. 5. Marilyn F. 3rd Edition. 3. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 . 2003.. 6. Law Books House. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules. SNBP Local Government Ordinance.. and Arhonditsis. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development.Harrad.. National Conservation Strategy 5. Booth. Babbie. Chichester. R. USA. John and sons Ltd. 4. The Craft of Research by Wayne C. regulations made there under. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance. M. Wadsworth Publishing Company. S. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers.2. 1989. Recommended Books: 1.
This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45
POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46
RESEARCH PROJECT/ INTERNSHIP
E-I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY
To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,
5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.
Oxford University Press Karachi. A. it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects. C. Ahmed. 6. (eds. 4. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry. flood and drought management. Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT). Ahmed. R. A. Recommended Books: 1. water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan. like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. precipitation distribution in Pakistan. (ed. climate change and its impacts on our future water resources. and Qamar. 5. 3. N. Indus Water Accord 1991. N. Khan..). 1993. 2005. 2003. watershed/catchment. Pakistan . Revised & enlarged edition. recycling and re-use of wastewater. water supply and demand management measures.. 2006. Islamabad.K. Lahore. Mirajuddin Publication . Briscoe. Biswas. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. 44 . R. Oxford University Press New Delhi. Groundwater Resources of Pakistan. wetlands resources management. Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. 2. virtual water. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan. P.. Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization. Bengali. O. Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia. groundwater exploitation.E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan.Varis. improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency. A. SDPI Oxford University Press. tubewells. U. Islamabad. integrated water resources management (IWRM). 2006.. The Politics of Managing Water. Pakistan. and Tortajada. hydrological cycle. I. Mirajuddin Publication . and Malik. with drinking water facilities like springs..1993.). pollution aspects. flood and droughts. Asia Printer. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment. fisheries management.Lahore.. Course Outlines Water resource and its management. Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant. water quality and quantity aspects.. J. K. Cheema.
R. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization. hydrological processes. Process and outcome. 1996. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. Bashir. Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. Pakistan. San Diego.. Hillel. CA. National Book Foundation. transport.E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. Course Outlines Introduction. urban patterns and ecosystem functions. Forms of urbanization. 2007. D. 1. Academic Press. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. soils. Soil forming minerals. management and green productivity. NJ. Miller. Physical and chemical properties of soil. Urban ecosystem. E. humans as components of urban ecosystems.T. the salient features of urban environments. USA. urbanization in Pakistan. N. residential mobility and the neighborhood change. urban flora and fauna. NJ. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. Urbanization. 45 . USA. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations. USA. 11th Edition. Types and properties of parent materials. urban political ecology. and Weil. urban settlements. R. Course Outlines Introduction. Cation and anion exchange. Brady. Factors and processes of soil formation. Causes of urbanization.C. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. urban landscapes characteristics. Prentice Hall. Islamabad. After completion of this course. Definition. R. Gardiner. PrenticeHall. Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils. 2008. Soil buffering capacity and its importance. Upper Saddle River. D.. future of urban centers. R. and Bantel. Soil degradation. Upper Saddle River. Soils in Our Environment.W. Soil Science. 2007.
C.Recommended Books: Urban Ecology. CRC Press LLC. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level. Penguin Group. Springer.. 4. I. 2000. 2009. nature and purpose of urban planning. Justification for planning for city management. Hague.S. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. Planning and its relationship with other professions. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation.. New York. Chapman and Hall. Hough. USA. Recommended Books: 1. 1989. 2. City Design for Sustainable Development.. Silberstein. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans. Sukopp.1990. 46 . Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. A. O.. Scope. Land use planning theories. New trends in planning and city management. 2004. 3. Hejny. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. Smith.and Maser. London.. H. Planning and Urban Change. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. M. USA. 2. M. Types of Urban Plans. S. E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. Ward. Levels of planning. Routledge. V. D. Aims and Objectives of planning. 2007. The Ecology of Urban Habitats. 2006. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability. UK.and Kowaril. The planning process. Gilbert. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems. SAGE Publications Ltd.L. Principles of planning. Kate. Planning theories and concepts. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. The Works: Anatomy of a City. UK. 2004. nd 2 Edition. Alberti. London. UK. 5. Elements of urban planning. S. J. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city. UR. SBS academic publishing. Routledge. 1.
Physical factors. Disaster Management Trainings and Policies. Earthquake Management. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches. Flood Management: Organizational Role. 1991. 1993. Recommended Books: 1. Role of Media in Disaster Management. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures. ADB. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization. Political factors. i. H. Landslide.UNESCO. The Environment as Hazard Burton I. 4. Natural cycles and their role... Natural Disasters Alexander. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum.J. Prediction. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms. 47 . Boulder . It discusses a wide range of aspects. Islamabad. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development.. Disaster as an opportunity for development. Cultural factors.e. UK. and Woodrow.. 2nd Edition. Techniques and methods to assess hazard.F.3. The Guilford Press. and White G. New York. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs).. 3.W. Introducing Town Planning. 4. M. It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. R. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research. Paris. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies. Disaster Management: Components of management. Chapman & Hall. E&UA Div.. New York. 2. Government of Pakistan.. D. G. Hazards. International phenomenon. Different approaches and Indicators. Clara. Longman Group. 1993.W. Kates. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made. Ministry of Housing and Works.. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N. Westview Press. Flooding. 1989. Manila.B. Earthquake. 1986. P. 1993. Socio-economic factors.
2007. John Wiley and Sons.C. Quorum Books. Botkin. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem. types. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. OECD/IEA.. 6th Edition. USA. L. Ecological concept in crop and food production. E.5. R. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals. biomass resources. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life.M. sustainable energy management. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation. energy resources. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. A. environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources. 48 . Jones & Bartlett Publishers. alternate energy resources. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems. Biotic structure. 2001.. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers. Schoch. Consumer and producer relationship. local. Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem. Farming practices for pests and weeds control. Paris. 3. New York. primary producers. Course Outlines Energy-development and environment. solar. 2007. 1983.B and Keller. E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment.. Westport. Phytoremediation and bioremediation. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. 6. 1. Sustainable livestock management. decomposers. energy resources of Pakistan. Perry R. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. 4th Edition. 1984. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America. Agroecology. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources. consumers. and Yonavjak. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources. and Mushkatel. McKinney. Disasters and Development Cuny. D. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan.W. uses. Deforestation for agricultural purposes.H. merits and demerits of wind. M. F. 2.L.A. hydropower.
Corol. Study of stratification and profile diagram. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species. Experimental Plant Ecology.Determination of density and abundance of plant species. Study of index of diversity. Yandermeer J.M.G. Westview Press. New York.R. McGraw Hill Publishing Company. Boulder. 1995.A. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity.Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram. 2000.H. Recommended Books: 1. M. Kapur. USA. E-11 Seminar 49 . C. CBS Publishers and Distributors. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture. P. Agrocology. 2. 3.P. Altreri. and Sudha. India. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity. New Delhi. USA. and Rossel. 1990. R..
The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization. 4.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme. the Committee agreed on the following principles. that: 1. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science. 2. 50 . To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines. availability of the faculty and other facilities. it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor. 3. The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science. 5. The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions.
19. 16. 5. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. 9. 10. 5. 13. 2. 3. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. 8. 7. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. 14. 6. 25. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 . 2. 24. 9. The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. 11. 4. 12. 21. 10. 17. 18. 7. 8. 23. 11. 12.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1. 3. 26. 6. 15. 22. 20. 4.
Relationship of culture. Environmental control Policies.S. COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management. Carrying capacity and sustainable development. Environment People and Economy..T. Hansen. Treaties.1995.. Oxford University Press. 2. Geography of Pakistan. 1992. Mackenzie J. Conventions and Protocols in Global. 1991. P. S.DETAILS OF M. WCS. and Bell. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space. NCS.1994. 3. Provincial and Local Strategies. Mackenzie. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall.. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. technology and resource use. Amsterdam. Draft National Environmental Policy. Regional and International Environmental Issues. 52 .. S. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. 3. 2. Ball. Islamabad. Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management.1994. GOP and IUCN. Money. 4. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan.E. Oxford University Press.F. Khan K.E. Hodder and Stoughton. Conservation Strategies. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems. Instruments and methods. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan. Karachi. development of concepts. London. and Jorqensen. Elsevier.1991. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan. London Black Stone Press Ltd. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment. S. status of Terrestrial. 2nd Edition. FURTHER READINGS 1. 1987. D. Recommended Books: 1.A.. F.
A. opportunities and issues. Chichester. History. Gas Chromatography etc. DC. Washington. Burnt Hill. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. Environmental Chemical Analysis. ed.COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction. Recommended Books: 1. 1995. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. FURTHER READINGS 1. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). Environmental and Social Impact assessment. WB. Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Air and Solid Waste. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater.Vanclay. Principles of physical. Case Studies and review. John Wiley & Sons. procedures and methods of EIA. 1995. 3. Ministry of Environment. Environment Department. Sectoral guidelines for EIA. Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. 2. Longman House. C. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). Recommended Books: 1. Demographic impact assessment. COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. A. 53 . UK. A one Publishers Lahore. Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment. role and importance. Ahmed. England. economic impact assessment. Assessment of environmental impacts. Wastewater. Government of Pakistan. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants. 1993. ecological impact assessment. Ed. D. Wood. social impact assessment. F & Bronstein. World Bank. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery. sample collection and preservation. 2. K. Cost benefit analysis of projects. process. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. Environmental auditing.. Longman Scientific and Technical. sampling rules. Harlow Essex.
Resource Mobilization. Wiley Interscience.. 1992. air borne. R.. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne. Planning Commission Performas. safety techniques. and Wright. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. activities. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). M. Ergonomic and Safety. specific objectives. Occupational Health: problems and issues. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. S. inputs. 5. UK. John Wiley and Sons. Lippmann. 2001. Public health concept. indicators. 4. 2. T. 1st Ed. Accident prevention and safety plans. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. B. London.. L. J. 1997. Need identification.. Defining Project objectives. Inc. Recommended Books: 1. 2.. A Guide to Project Management. 54 . 2002. Prentice Hall International Inc. 2nd Ed. Government Policies and Programs.. T. Project Planning. economic evaluation. Mantel s. Nebel.COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project. Project Management: A Managerial Approach. 1993. principles and practices. Project Initiation. Project Management Institute.. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. USA.. Project Planning and Approval Processes. Reasons for Project success or failure. M/S Banarsid. work breakdown structure. 1998. prevention and control. Writing Project Proposal. 1st Ed. J. Basic Environmental Health. feasibility study. A. 1st ed. outputs. T. means of verification. Yassi. 3. Meredith J. K. Van Nostrand and Reinhold. Kjelllström. Environmental Health Engineering.. Oxford University Press New York. Project Life Cycle. Primary health care services. Park. Caeneross. USA. New York. assumptions. R. development objectives. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic. de Kok. T. COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. and Guidotti.2000. MS Project Recommended Books: 1.
Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. St Luise Press. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Paris. energy resources. uses. merits and demerits of wind. 2007. ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family. 1990b.. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). types.L. 3. gas. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor. 2. 4th Edition. Recommended Books: 1. OECD/IEA. 4. energy resources of Pakistan. L. non-renewable and renewable. solar.COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. alternate energy resources. Principles of cleaner production. M. 2. industry and domestic sectors. 2007. Environmental Auditing.M. USA. sustainable energy management for agriculture. Schoch. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. John Wiley and Sons. McKinney. R. 1998. 55 . Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). bio-energy resources. 6th Edition. Related Environmental regulations. E. Sources of data. Switzerland. Environmental auditing. hydropower. ISO Central Secretariat. 3. D. Michigan-January 2001.A. and Yonavjak. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. 2001. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal. Recommended Books: 1. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions.B and Keller. D. Sayre. data collection and interpretation. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. transport. nuclear) local. principles and elements of the process of EMS. Botkin. petroleum. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. Paris.
Warrick. 4. E. Blackwell Publishing. ECOPE 29. Hardy. 2. Climate change and food production. UK. forests. plant invasions. 2004. Green House Gases. vegetation dynamics. Springer. 56 . Oxford UK. John Wiley & Sons. Recommended Books: 1. resources and plants. management and restoration. types and their climatic effects. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. Silvertown. 2003. B & Jager. climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. D. J.). Recommended Books: 1. Climate Change and Ecosystems. Species richness. global aspects of plant ecology. John Wiley & Sons. Shulze. UK 1991. Houghton.D. and Solutions. plant conservation. 2003. Plant Ecology. Beck. John Wiley & Sons. London. 1.. & Charlesworth. 2005. Hardy. Maarel. 5. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics. survival and extinction. Vegetation Ecology Ed. Modeling of climate change. Chichester. human activities and vegetation dynamics. Earthscan Publication Ltd. E & Muller-Hohenstein.COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. ED. 1st Edition.T. Berlin. J. J. Effects.Causes. and Solutions. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. 2005. (Ed. The Green House Effect. Effects.. water resources.Causes. Climate Change . 2005. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. T. Plant population dynamics. types of climate change models. K. Climate Change . 2005. geographical and temporal patterns. Life history strategies of plants. Oxford. Blackwell Publishing. Introduction to Plant Population Biology. etc. 2. 3. 3. competition and coexistence. D.
Blackwell Publsihing. Oxford. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan. Rangeland management. FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. Essentials of Conservation Biology. Robinson. 4. & Spicer.B. Oxford University Press. I).J. 3. COURSE 11 WILDLIFE. T. T. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. Mcmillan. Conserving Living Natural Resources. habitats and ecosystems. problems and solutions. Weddell. K. Participatory forest management. types. its causes. Roberts. II). Forest plantations. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity. Biodiversity: An introduction. 1998. 5. types.J. 3. Threatened animals and plants. W. their importance. Cambridge. distribution. Global and national biodiversity. deforestation and its control. 1986. Consumptive. Protected areas. UK. J. Cambridge. Wildlife Ecology and Management. biological diversity.J. Sustainable forest management. Loss of biodiversity. Primack. 57 . National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation. distribution. Oxford University Press.) Gaston. kinds. And Bolen. Status of forests in Pakistan. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management.COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction. 1992. Bailey. Recommended Books: 1. Sinauer Assocaites. their types and role in conservation. 2. S. Oxford. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol.L. Wetlands. 2004. Cambridge University Press. Recommended Books: 1. London. B. Protected areas in Pakistan. Oxford University Press. 2002. 1973 2. Principles of Wildlife Management. Inc.D. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. threats and conservation. their ecological and economic importance. USA. S. Oxford.A. 1984. J. Forests. distribution and management. Wildlife of Pakistan.(2nd Ed. Extinction of species. 2002. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. Roberts. R. John Wiley And Sons. status. UK. Establishment and management of protected areas. Protection and restoration of species. E. & Ripley. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali. Publishers Sunderland.G. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity.J. management.
2004. Penguin Group. Urban planning and management in Pakistan. Forms of urbanization. A. urbanization in Pakistan. Ministry of Housing and Works. CRC Press LLC.COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction. London. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards.. 58 . urban landscape characteristics. 4. Silberstein. C. Environmental problems of urban life. UK. 2000. V. G. sanitation. UK. E&UA Div. Recommended Books: 1. Longman Group. S. Planning and Urban Change.and Maser. The Works: Anatomy of a City. USA. future of urban centers. New York. Ward. J.. SAGE Publications Ltd. 2.. management of transport. Clara. Islamabad.. Kate. 1986. 3. H. Sustainable cities. drinking water and solid waste in cities. urban political ecology. USA. Government of Pakistan. 2007. Urban land use planning and management. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. Introducing Town Planning. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages. 1993. urban systems and their characteristics.
Exercises 1. Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1. 1997.J. Thomson and A. a) Functional English Grammar 1. Oxford University Press.Annexure . Third edition.A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. Martinet. Practical English Grammar by A. ISBN 0194313492 59 .V.
2. Oxford University Press.V. Reading/Comprehension 1. b) Practical English Grammar by A. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. Reading. Third edition. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. and speed reading. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. Third Impression 1992. intensive and extensive. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. Writing. Martinet. Exercises 2. Fourth Impression 1993. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Upper Intermediate. Thomson and A.J. minutes of meetings. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. Oxford Supplementary Skills. 1997. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 . Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet.
V. 2.1. Reading. Advanced. clarity. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. Third Impression 1992. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. form. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Martinet. Oxford University Press 1986. Writing. Writing. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. Advanced by Ron White. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Oxford Supplementary Skills. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. Fourth Impression 1993. Third Impression 1991. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). language. Writing. discursive. Practical English Grammar by A. Reading 1. Exercises 2. Third edition. introduction to presentations.J. narrative. 2. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. content. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 . Thomson and A. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. descriptive and argumentative writing). Fourth Impression 1992. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. Oxford Supplementary Skills. b) Writing 1.
General Editiors: Janice Neulib. without taxing the taste of engineering students). b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. Martin’s Press. A Custom Publication. Kathleen Shine Cain. 2. Compiled by norther Illinois University. 62 . argumentative and report writing). St. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. College Writing Skills by John Langan. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. 2004. descriptive. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education.(particularly suitable for discursive. 3. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. Kirszner and Stephen R. Mandell.
Economic institutions and issues b. ideological background of Pakistan. Course Outline 1. 2. b. 1999 onward 3. Contemporary Pakistan a. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. 2.B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. Karachi: Oxford University Press. 2000. Safdar. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. Historical Perspective a. Study the process of governance. 3. 4. Ethnicity d. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. S. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. Location and geo-physical features. State & Society in Pakistan. 63 Books Recommended 1. 1993. People and Land i. 1947-58 b. Akbar. Karachi: Oxford University Press. 1958-71 c. 1988-99 f. Society and social structure c. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan.Annexure . Zaidi. . Lahore. Mehmood. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. Indus Civilization ii. national development. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. government. S. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki. 1971-77 d. politics. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. Muslim advent iii. Shahid Javed. 1977-88 e.M. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. 1994. contemporary Pakistan.
Ziring. Sayeed. Lahore: Vanguard. 11. Wilcox. Vol. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia. Tahir. Afzal. 1980.National Movement in Pakistan. 6. Ethno . Enigma of Political Development. Ansar. I. 1998. 12. Club Road. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. 1980. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Politics in Pakistan. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. II & III. 7. Islamabad. 13. Pakistan Under Martial Law. Political Parties in Pakistan. Khalid Bin.The Emergence of Banglades. The Political System of Pakistan. K. 1967. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. M. History & Culture of Sindh. Noor ul. Safdar. 10. 1993. Karachi: Royal Book Company. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Muhammad Waseem. Institute of Public Policy Research. 1976.. Lawrence. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research.K. 1972. 64 . nd. Haq. Amin. Wayne.5. 9. Party. Washington: American Enterprise. 14. 1987. Rafique. Zahid. Aziz. Mehmood. 8.
20) Related to thinking.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 .W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.Tadabar (Verse No1.A.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.Annexure .21.57. 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.56.40.A.A.A.6. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.58.19.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.
in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt.
Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad.S. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. IRI. Islamabad (2001) 67 . “Studies in Islamic Law. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. Pakistan.3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Emergence of Islam” . ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. Ahmad Hasan.” Hussain Hamid Hassan. International Islamic University. Bhatia. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr.
Houghton & Mifflin. harmonic progression. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. Beckenback EF. Cramer’s rule. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. introduction to sets. equations reducible to quadratic equations. PWS-Kent Company. not majoring in mathematics. types. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. complex numbers. College Algebra and Trigonometry. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. trigonometric identities. matrix inverse. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. system of linear equations. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. PWS-Kent Company. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. determinants. Wooton W.Annexure . cube roots of unity. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). functions. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. geometric progression. 1986. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. Boston 68 . Sharron S. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. types of functions. 1978. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. 1987. Boston Swokowski EW. set operations.D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics.
Calculus (11th edition). not majoring in mathematics. distance between a point and a line. Davis S. change of variables in indefinite integrals. Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. angle between two lines. Boston Thomas GB. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. distance between two points. 1995. parallel and perpendicular lines. Bevens I. Recommended Books: Anton H. Reading. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. 2005. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. John Wiley. 69 . Calculus (3rd edition). PWS-Kent Company. 2005. integration by substitution. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. New York Stewart J. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line.2. differentiation of polynomial. 1983. rational and transcendental functions. intersection of two lines. derivatives. USA 3. various forms of equation of a line. Finney AR. inequalities. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Addison-Wesley. continuity. solution of equations involving absolute values. integration by parts. not majoring in mathematics. Ma. continuous functions. equation of a line. slope of a line. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. left-hand and right-hand limits. functions and their graphs.
2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. types of functions. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. functions. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Boston Swokowski EW. : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. College Algebra and Trigonometry. 1987. Analytic Geometry. circles determined by various conditions. Conic Sections: Parabola. • Contents 1. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. hyperbola. Scott. intersection of lines and circles. ellipse. Boston 4. Introduction to sets. Freshman and Company. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. locus of a point in various conditions. equations reducible to quadratic equations. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). types of matrices. PWS-Kent Company. 1986. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. determinants. set operations. system of linear equations. • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Cramer’s rule. inverse of matrices. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. 1969 Kaufmann JE. 70 . nature of roots of quadratic equations. PWS-Kent Company.Circle: Equation of a circle. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations.
Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. 2. trigonometric identities. E. E. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. deciles and percentiles. R. relationship of statistics with social science.. R. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. discrete and continuous series. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. Books Recommended: 1.. bar frequency diagram histogram. circle and trigonometric functions.. 71 . Measures of dispersion: Range. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. array. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. 5.. frequency polygon. R. W. characteristics of statistics. Graphs: Graph of straight line. moments. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’.geometric and harmonic progressions. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. Prentice Hall. Swokowski. J. 2. cumulative frequency curve. individual. Latest Edition. 4. Kaufmann. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. Wilcox. Boston. Latest Edition. variance. tally sheet method. types of frequency series. Latest Edition. 3. Walpole. skewness and kurtosis. PWS-Kent Company. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. standard deviation. ungrouped and grouped data. quartiles. E.
Anton. Rational Functions. Rational and Transcendental Functions. applications of integration. Bevens. I. the inverse of differentiation. Trigonometric Functions. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus. Continuity. Calculus. Integration by Parts.Jr. Frank A. Prentice-Hall. Thomas. reduction formulae. integration by inspection. logarithmic differentiation. plane polar coordinates. • Integration Integration from first principles. 2005. integral inequalities. McCallum. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. Inc. 4. E. 11th Edition. Mathews. Slope of a Line. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. 5. theorems of differentiation. 2002. Gleason. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. Swokowski. Calculus. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. 2. S. Continuous Functions. substitution method. Extreme Values of Functions. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. Inc. Davis. Addison Wesley publishing company. Inequalities. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. Calculus Single and Multivariable. 3. H. Second Edition 1992. John H. Leibnitz’ theorem. infinite and improper integrals. logarithmic integration. implicit differentiation. integration using partial fractions. 3rd Edition. 2005. Solution of equations involving absolute values. Equation of a Line. Calculus. 2.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. quotients. special points of a function. Least-Squares Line. 1983. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. 8th edition. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . Jhon Willey & Sons. Recommended Books: 1. 1999. products. integration by parts. Contents 1. 6. sinusoidal function. et al. Schaum’s Outline Series. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. 4th edition. 6. W. the chain rule. Boston. Hughes-Hallett. Elliott Mendelson. John Wiley & Sons. and Transcendental Functions.
geometric series. solving hyperbolic equations. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. complex conjugate. inverses of hyperbolic functions. modulus and argument. arithmetico-geometric series. identities of hyperbolic functions.Additions and subtraction. finding the nth roots of unity. approximation errors in Taylor series. multiplication. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 . division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. series involving natural numbers. the difference method. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions.
Hermitian. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. line to line. masses. the inner product. of a unitary matrix. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 . line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7. unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. moments of inertia. centers of mass and centroids. Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. symmetric and antisymmetric. vector product. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. orthogonal. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. 6.5. point to plane. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. Pappus’ theorems. scalar triple product.
spherical polar coordinates 75 .8. div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. combinations of grad. divergence of a vector field. Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions.
Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. Exercises. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Poisson and Normal Distribution. Exercises. The Mean Deviation. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Absolute and relative measures. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Collection of primary and secondary data. Exercises. Type-I and Type-II errors. Exercises. Unit 3. Exercises Unit 6. definition of outliers and their detection. null and alternative hypothesis. Editing of Data.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Errors of measurement. Unit 2. level of significance. Standardized variables. Unit 5. Bar charts. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Pie chart. Different types of Averages. Median and mode. The Variance and standard deviation. Unit 4. sampling and non sampling errors. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Quantiles. Exercises. Test statistics. Exercises. sample design and sampling frame. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive.Annexure . bias. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. The semi-Interquartile Range. Unit 7. Ogive for Discrete Variable. Data. 76 . Histogram. Diagrams. Range. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Probability and Probability Distributions. Presentation of Data Introduction. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. probability and non-probability sampling. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. properties of Good Average. Historigram. Rounding of a Number. Observations. Graphs and their Construction. Moments and Moments ratios. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Coefficient of variation. sampling with and without replacement. Types of frequency curves. acceptance and rejection regions. Significant digits. Difference of means and proportions. Population. Box and Whisker Plot. Sources. Empirical Relation between Mean. Discrete and continuous variables. Stem and Leaf Display. The Mode. Statistical problem. Change of origin and scale. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics.
Correlation. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. Unit 11. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. 2005. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. its estimation and interpretation.Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. 3rd Ed. E..Unit 8. Kitab Markaz. 77 . examples. 2 Muhammad. r and R2. “Introduction to Statistics”. cause and effect relationships.Single Population Introduction. Inc. F. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. New York. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. R. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. Contingency Tables. Exercises Unit 9. Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole.. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. Macmillan Publishing Co. Coefficient of linear correlation. simple linear regression. Exercises Unit 10. Regression and Correlation Introduction. Testing of Hypothesis. 1982. Exercises. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples.