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For BS MS
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………
6 12 14 50 51
respective accreditation councils and stake holders. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30.ALTAF ALI G. 2009 at the HEC Regional Center. D773/76-JEA (cur. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses. the Federal Government vide notification No.PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. Lahore. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. R&D organizations. and 36. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. dated December 4th 1976. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration. DR. It is. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. universities and other institutions of higher education. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge. degree awarding institutions. PROF. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 . Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. The world has turned into a global village. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. It also aimed to give a basic. the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities.). 63. therefore. and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours.
OF CURRI. REC. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I PREP. Abbreviations Used: NCRC. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. PREP. UNI. QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. EXP. Preparation 5 . LI R&D HEC Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. COL. OF DRAFT BY NCRC REVIEW IMPLE. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI. OF NCRC.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRI. OF FINAL CURRI. UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRI. R&D. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREP. IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI.
Rawalpindi Dr. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head. 7. Dr. Member 3.Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre. Rawalpindi Dr. Dr. Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr. April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline. Member 5. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2. Member 4. Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. Member 6 . Lahore Member 6. Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall. Dr. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. Following attended the meeting:1. Karachi from 28-30.
Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. Dr. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr. 13. Dr. 7 . Dr. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi. Dr. Member 15. Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof. Member 10. Member 16. Member 14. Prof. Member 11. Prof. Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr. Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof.8. Dr. Karachi Member 12. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9. Dr.
He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. 1. Member 20. Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards. Dr. At first. Islamabad coordinated the meeting. The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. Faisalabad Member 18. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. Karachi. Director of HEC Regional Center. Member 19. Shafiq-ur-Rehman. 2. the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. Mr. Dr. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. Mr. Secretary Dr. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement. 8 . The meeting was opened by Mr. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University.17. Chairman. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr.
The committee thanked Mr. Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. 5. The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses. 3. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development. Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 . The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants.3. 6. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. 2. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population. In last few centuries. The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. 4. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development. Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities. The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities. 1.
economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today. regional and global contexts. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i. in its preliminary meeting. RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 . ii. 5. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. This committee. skills and behaviour patterns. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development. and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems. Apply theoretical understanding. This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility.
Sc. 5. The medium of instruction.. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F. A. The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2. 3. Integrating natural sciences. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level. UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles. 6. The 11 . with consensus. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. that: 1. DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee. assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science. 2. skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. eight semesters in the semester system. 1.e. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration. Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature. 4. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i. Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment. pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science.
Biology –I* 3. Sociology/Anthropology* 11. Environmental Pollution 22. Introductory Economics* 17. Environmental Microbiology 21. Biology –II* 9. Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19. Psychology* . The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order.proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5. Environmental Chemistry 15. Environmental Physics 16. English-II 12. SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1. English-I 6. Introduction to Environmental Science 2. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7. Basic Chemistry* 4. English-III 18. Fundamentals of Ecology 20. Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13. Introduction to Computer 14. Climatology* 23. Introduction to Earth Science 8.
45. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28. Environmental Biotechnology 32. Applied Ecology 26. Environmental Monitoring 36. 46. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. ELECTIVE-III 42. Environmental toxicology 27. Environmental Economics 29. Natural Resource Management 40. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30. Research Methods in Environmental Science 41. ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43. ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37. 44. Climate Change 38. Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25. Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours . Biodiversity & Conservation 35. Opt.24. Environmental Management Systems 34. Environmental Impact Assessment 39. English-IV/ Univ. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31.
• Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical.
4th Ed. ethical. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY . Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. national. proteins and nucleic acids.B & Keller.T.DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline. poverty and resource depletion. development in industry and agriculture. R.M.A. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth. ecological. Botkin. D. McKinney. G. socio-economic. current global. and their relationships with various environmental factors. Recommended Books: 1.I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life. Major components of environment: physico-chemical. 15 . Miller. 10th Ed. John Wiley & Sons. 2. regional. 2007. & Nebel. M. 2002.. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts. Pearson Educational. R.. Thomson Learning. Environmental Science: systems and solutions. lipids. 6th Ed. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future. & Yonavjak. Human environment and its problems: global. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development. 4. 2007 3. biological and social.L. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society. Different aspects of environment: physical. history. urbanization. Wright.J. Environmental Science: working with the Earth. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment. B. Schoch. L. its importance in human life. philosophical. The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms. environmental pollution. E. 2007. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.
4. the molecule of genetic information and replication. 1. N. Lewis. coordinate covalent bond. A. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa. J.Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life. Introduction to cell biology. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals. R. The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. lipids. carbonyls. proteins. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning. 5.. origin of metabolism. R. V. Cassimeris. E. phospholipids in membrane systems. Self Assessment and Revie. 2007. 16 . USA. USA.. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. Wadsworth Group. L. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. New York. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. lipids.. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. covalent. Lingappa. amines). C. Biology: a Human Emphasis. M. 2. chemical basis of life. USA. Cells. Ltd. Crossley. Origin of life: chemical evolution. B. Nucleic acids. Australia . Plopper. 1996. Shier. G. D. Study of mitosis in onion root tip. The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. 8th Ed. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. Ionic. chemical diversity. and Whitelaw. protobionts. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin. carboxylic acids. polypeptides in protein diversity. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. 2003. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions. Aromatic compounds. McGraw.. carbohydrates. 2007. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. Bulter. and Lewis. 2008. esters. Starr. Structure and the basis of function.Hill International Edition. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology. 5th Edetion. Canada. Cell division.. Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell. Molecular Biology through Questions. 3.
Measurement of pH. Jickells. Skoog.Special Products (Binomial Expression). normal solutions/buffers..E. Thomson and Brooks.J. 3. M.D. straight line and related concepts. Surface chemistry.ions. molal.. J. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra. 17 . series and means. Freeman and Company. 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press. Column chromatography. Lab Work Preparation of molar. expansion of determinants. Blackwell Science. Use of spectrophotometric techniques. Binomial theorem (Simple applications). B.C. W. Algebra of matrices. USA. determinants. D.S. T.. Colloids chemistry. Osmosis and Dialysis. and Reid.J. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional). equations of lines (linear equations). J. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula. law of Cosines... Solution chemistry. P. Canada.K. 5. 2. F. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. Hill. graphs. 2004.E.A. Photochemical reactions.M. Thin layer chromatography. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. values of trigonometric functions. Liss.. Andrews. radicals. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry.. COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations). 6th Edition. Matrices and Determinants: Matrix. 1st Ed. Recommended Books: 1. Harris. Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers. UK. 2003. UK. P. 2nd Edition. minor and cofactor of a matrix. geometric and harmonic sequence. coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane. 2004. Jones and Barlett. Understanding Environmental Pollution. and Holler.. 4. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. West. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. 2005. concepts of six basic trigonometric functions. simultaneous equations and their solutions.H. real line. Brimblecombe. Sequence and series: Arithmetic. 8th Edition. angle-sum formula. Girard.. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane. D. double angle formulas. USA. EC and TDS in waste water. D. 2004.
Earth as a member of solar system. by parts integration (simple applications). G. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors. composition and its internal structure. 10th Ed. nonrepeated linear factors.. L.Wesley. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. foliation. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. Pacific Grove. New Delhi. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations.B.A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure . Fossils and their significance. Weathering. Scott Foresman and Company. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions.B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. 18 . earthquakes and volcanoes. and Finney. California. J. Addission. Integration: Formulas of integration. irreducible quadratic factors. Smith. Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography. mountain building. Jr. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. D. the processes of their formation. plate tectonics. This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals. faults. difference. Narosa Publishing House. cleavages. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension. 1999. Recommended Books: 1. weathering and erosion. igneous and metamorphic rocks. different earth processes like mountain buildings. theorems on differentiation (sum. Trignometry for College students. S. Chain rule. erosion and related landforms. 3. Abraham. theorem of integration. joints. K. earthquakes. Chatterjee. age. 4.Cramer’s Rule. COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure . R. 2. its origin. Introduction to sedimentary.. lineation and unconformities. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. 4th Ed. product and quotient rules without derivations). Introduction to folds. Analytical Geometry. Introduction to rocks and minerals. Thomas.
Biodiversity of deserts. K. Prentice Hall. 4. 11th Edition. 19 . G. biodiversity crises.Identification of rocks and minerals. examples of adjustments in varied environment. and Pun.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps. Smith. Geographical aspects of biodiversity. Recommended Books: 1.. E. J. and Tasa. Field Study tour. Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life. D. F. Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology. Tarbuck.. and Tasa. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat. Earth Science.. animals).. Geological time chart with biodiversity. How Does Earth Work. Darwinism. population loss and decline. crucial for organisms’ sustainability.. consequences of losing biodiversity. 2007 2. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation. 2005. 5th Edition. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. Park. protocell formation. 5. J. multicellularity. F. Biodiversity of canal. Biodiversity of hilly areas. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification. G. Life in sea. Lutgens. interactions among diversified life. 3rd Edition. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species. Lamarckism. E. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms. R. molecular basis of biodiversity. different classification systems. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water. Brooks/Cole.. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants. 2007 3. Routledge. Lutgens..II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution. measuring biodiversity. A. Foundations of Structural Biology. COURSE 8 BIOLOGY . modern concepts. K. 9th Edition. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories. invasion of life on land. J. Prentice Hall. and Monroe. Prentice Hall: 2006. Physical Geology and Process of Science. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. causes of extinction. unicellularity. D.. R. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity. Tarbuck.. Wicander. 2004. Use of brunton compass and GPS.
The Biosphere.K. The Ecology of global consumer culture. globalization and environmental issues. C. 2005. 4. John Wiley and Sons. 3. K. 2000. 20 . and Sustainable Living. Use of environment for vested interest. C. 3. 5th Edition. I. 3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment. Goals and expectations. Recommended Books: 1. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology. Contemporary environment issues and debate. UK. 2. Walnut Creek. UK. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. Adam.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. 2009. Perspective of human-environment evolution. Blackwell Science Ltd. R. UK. and Spicer. New York: New York University Press. Starr. 2nd Edition. CA: AltaMira Press. Tripartite nature of environment. Scope and application. culture and society. Contemporary environmental status. Crumley.. K. Prospect Heights. New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. Routledge. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions. COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure . 2006. Understanding the environment-human relationship. Townsend. 2. Biology. (editor). Allan & Carter. Chronological. Environmental Risks and the Media. 2009. Consumption. USA. L. Conceptualizing environment. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. I. Culture. J. Inc. (editors). P. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. Gaston. power & hegemony. J. Inc. Biodiversity (An Introduction). a Human Emphasis. Wadsworth Group. Bradbury. 2003. and concerns. 2001..E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems. Hannen. Nora and Wilk. IL:WavelandPress.
Ms-Access.C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components. Introduction to MS-Word. Ms-Power Point. 2. Types and classification of computers.. Hardware: Input Hardware. Kluwer Academic Publishers.Microsoft office 2000. Selin. physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry.London 1996. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere. G. output hardware. system software. Long l. 6. 21 . e-mail. Software: Application software. Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse. Configurations. Course Outlines Definition. internet..BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment. 2003. Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures. as are their effects on the biosphere.1999. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered. Fundamentals of computer. COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure . After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry. Marquis A. computer programs and basic applications.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure . Long N. Milton. software packages. Courter. Ed. Storage hardware.6th Ed. processing hardware. Rutledge. Operating system (Windows).5. Recommended Books: 1. Local Area Network.H. K. Ms-Excel.
Turbulent diffusion.E. USA. Radioactivity and nuclear physics. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry.. Ibanez. 4. Liquids and Gasses. M. 2nd Edition. Miller. K. Solids.. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts. India. Ozone chemistry.G. Brimblecombe. Springer.. A. J. and Reid. Gaussian plumes in the air.M. Fate of pollutants in environment. Entropy. Environmental Science. Sound and Noise. Turbulence. Andrews. 5.. atmospheric and soil chemistry. Blackwell Science. 2005. J. P. Human perceptions and noise criteria. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light. trophic level. UK. Conversion of mass. Girard. Chemical reactions. Diffusion. 1999. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light. Fundamentals of aquatic. 1st Edition. Basic acoustics. Jones and Barlett. Energy conversion. Transport of pollutants. Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics. Electromagnetic radiation. Energy. 2008.D. interaction of light with matter. Principles of Environmental Chemistry.J.. DoriaSerrano. Environmental Chemistry.S. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems.T. Germany. Environmental impact of various industries. Solar spectrum. M. P.. Thomson-Brooks. Reducing the transmission of sound. and Singh. Fregoso-Infante. Canada. 3.E. Active control of sound. Turbulent jets and plumes. 2004. Ozone and UV light. Banerji Prentice Hall of India. Particle physics. Environmental Chemistry. 2004. its causes and adverse effects on environment.. COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter.. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants. T. Hernandez-Esparza. Equations of fluid dynamics.Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry. G. Nuclear energy. J. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer. B. Isotopes and radioactive decay. Recommended Books: 1.. Measurement and comparison of the 22 . Liss. Jickells. Heat radiation and heat transfer.. photosynthesis.. 2. Global climate and climatic change. Samir. C. their sources and toxic actions.
Todaro. Course Outlines Introduction to economics. 2006. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. Routledge. 2008. and Van Grondelle. COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. Sustainable development. USA. Growth and development. interaction between ecology and economic management. population and environmental quality. 2001. 2001. S. Introductory Environmental Physics.Economic development. Physics of the Environment and Climate. Recommended Books: 1. USA. R. Environmental economics. 7th Ed. M. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development. 2008. N. UK.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. P. H. Man environmental relationship.. producer and community point of view. Kentucky USA. G. Yusuf. poverty. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. World Bank Publications. C.1998. concepts and measurement. 2. Guyot. Smith. New York. Recommended Books: 1. 4. Impact of economic activity on environment. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods. Praxis publishing. and Pandis. Natural resources and the economy. Seinfeld. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. and Resource allocation. economic progress. USA. economic welfare and difference among all. economic growth. Growth and Environment. Boeker. Economic management and environmental quality. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. Economic Development. J. 3. economic growth and its measurement. Measures for sustainable development. 2. 23 . Pakistan economic context: National income. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Economic functions of environment. E. Field visit. John Wiley and Sons Inc. S. Wesely Publishers. USA. Environmental Physics. Producer behavior. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer.
2008.A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems. Farmington Hills. Russell. community. and White.3. its fundamental concepts. concepts and approaches. London. Palgrave Macmillan. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale. species. SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology. 24 . Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy. England. 3. B. description of population.V. ethics and ecology. water. Kessinger Publishing. Frodeman. temperature. J. LLC. Recommended Books: 1. DeVeer. B. Economics. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy.. Touchstone Books. 4. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy.. M. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. Hanley. 2008. Environmental Critics of agriculture.. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. 2. International Thomson Publishing. J. USA. soil.. biogeography. R. branches of ecology. B. 2002. COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure . World Bank Publications. 2007. N. C. population. Introduction to ethical theory. Ecosystem and its types. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. A History of Western Philosophy. Portland 1967. Swift. the ethics of soil. USA. community and ecosystem. levels of ecological organization. Course Outlines Introduction. & Pierce. and systems ecology. Shogren. WCIV7AA. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. Ecology. 2009. D. World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. role of light.A. 4. Callicott. Environmental philosophy and ethics. Natural philosophy.
2004. COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment. C. G. and More. M J. 3. Systems ecology. Odum.Cox. M C J 1st ed. Chapman. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. habitat and niche. WCB/McGraw-Hill.) Moles. 2000. 1992. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). J. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea. various concepts of community. bacteria and eukarya. productivity of different ecosystems. New Delhi. biotic factors. agricultural and industrial ecosystems. 1999 4. Populations. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. Concepts of Limiting factors. Fundamentals of Ecology. with special emphasis on their environmental impact. Biogeochemical cycles of C. Recommended Books 1. Microbiology of terrestrial environments. 6th Ed. Population distribution and abundance. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems. 2001 5. UK. C. characteristics of urban. Ecology (concepts and applications.L and Reiss. Cambridge University Press. landscape ecology. M. role and application of microorganisms in the environment. Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. Lab Work 25 . 2. Dash. plant geography and animal distribution. population dynamics. Microbial metabolism. Fundamentals of Ecology. N.W. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. 5th Ed. and S. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. E P. community dynamics. Ecosystem: structure and function. Ecology (principles and applications). After completion of this course.topography and air as ecological factors. aero-microbiology and food microbiology. UK. distribution limits. Tata McGraw-Hill. ecological modeling. and Barett. P. Biomes of the world. New York. King’s College London. aquatic microbiology. landscape changes and their importance. J. B. Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. students will be able to understand the significance. Thomson Brooks/Cole. 1st Ed.
Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents. Hartel. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel.A. Hill. Manual of Environmental Microbiology. Marine & Industrial pollution.L. Human & other living organisms. I. Mean plate count. Solid Waste generation.P. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic. Effects of Pollutants.. D. G. (Elsevier) USA. UK.. McInernery.L. peppor. F.K. 5. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual. Maier. Collection.G. Types of Environmental pollution: Air. 2005.and Brendecke.and Vesilaind. Understanding Environmental Pollution. USA. Recommended Books: 1. Academic Press.M. Prentice Hall..A. Pollution Control Strategies. J. J. 2.. 2nd Edition. R. P. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally. M. C.J. Microbiology. 2002. 3. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal. and Zuberer. USA. nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution.M.. D.C.A.Gerba. Peiece. USA. Recommended Books 1. Water. and Gerba.1998. 2007. Fate of Environmental Pollutants. 2005.V. London. Butterworth-Heinemann. L.I.F.D. Crawford. J. Knudsen. American Society for Microbiology.R. Environmental Pollution and Control. USA.. Sylvia.. Noise. Cambridge UK. Soil. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution.P. Harley. McGraw Hill Inc. Academic Press. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution. International Protocols (BASAL Convention). W. 1995. New Jersey. Environmental Microbiology. transportation & treatments. 4th Edition. 2 Edition. Dilution plate technique. Weiner. purification and preservation. 4. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology. 2. M.B.. USA.W. isolation.. Hurrst. and Stetzenbach. Cambridge University Press.L.. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution.J.J. 26 . Washington DC. R. and Jeffery. Fuhrmann. 2009. its sources and their effects. P. C. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water.J. Case Studies. L.. D.Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection.. Academic Press.P. 3. Prescott. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines. Pepper.J. and Klein.M. A.. 2005.
Pandis. Shamshad. 3. COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences.From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. Factors affecting air Pressure.M. climatic zones of Pakistan. Lutgens. 27 . American Public Health Association (APHA). 2. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment. 6th Edition. Four Spheres of the Earth. The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan. Karachi. Sadder. 2002.E. A brief historical background and schools of psychology. air pressure. The Hydrologic cycle. Solar radiations. condensation and cloud Formation.F. Houghton J. 1988. Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History.J. Lawrance K. Cambridge University Press. A. . Surface winds. global circulation. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. Weather and Climate.. Climatology.W. Heat and the Earth's atmosphere.. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . N. 2003.4. Marcel Dekkar. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere. 5. Methods of psychology. COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems. The climate of Pakistan.K.. Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided. Environmental psychology. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications.2nd Editions. Radiation and climate.. processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere. Tarbuck. Mechanism of heat transfer. Austin Miller. K. John Wiley and Sons. Cloud Classification. local winds. John H. The Atmosphere. Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). Spyros. Royal book company. 4. The Physics of Atmospheres. 2006 5. 1992. concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. Recommended Books: 1.
threats and mitigation.D. Restoration of derelict lands. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. carbon dioxide and global climate change. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. Routledge. concepts. solar radiation and primary production. 2.characteristics and research methods. London. Bell. CRC Press. Sustainable livestock management practices.C.. Soil as a natural resource. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. soil resources of Pakistan. Ecological restoration. sustainable agriculture. Water and distribution of species. techniques and methods of restoration. T. species response to pollutants. Environmental perception and cognition. their management and ecological restoration. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture. M. limitation of irrigated agriculture. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. soil salinity and water logging. rivers.W. Ecology of food production. Pollution control through Ecology. 2001. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan. Greene. Water as an ecological resource. High population density and psychological impacts. and Baum A. COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. London. energy and carbon balance. Fundamental of Psychology. Background and scope.. Course Outline Introduction. soil erosion and conservation. Routledge.A. 1992. P. 5th Edition. Sustainable agricultural practices. Recommended Books: 1. Fisher J. Eysenck. Environmental Psychology. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change. Future water scenario of Pakistan. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine. CRC Press. 28 . conservation of resources in ecological perspectives.
in vivo & in vitro assays. toxicology of chemicals. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. Odum E. 29 . Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water. dose response relationship in living organisms. K and Habib.. 1996. Fundamentals of Ecology. toxicity screening using microbial systems. their containment and control strategies. toxins & toxicants. water and soil.National Book Foundation. 2006. Rashid. Shirkat Gah. Islamabad. toxins vs toxicants. P. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. Lahore. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals. Falk. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic. Israr-ud-Din. G.W. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. Immunological considerations in toxicology. biological effects.S. 3. J. terminologies: Poisons. Organs. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals. Potentiation and Addition. A. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. 5th Edition. 2000 2. 4. USA. Zedler. Studies in Pakistan Geography.. K. 1989. Island Press. from natural and anthropogenic sources. D. soil and air samples. Foundations of Restoration Ecology. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications. Synergism. E. Blackwell Scientific Publications.. A. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents. on human and other living organisms. 2nd ed. J. Toxicity: Types and its measurement. R.P. Soil Science. B.. Peshawar. Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History.1998. Margaret A. Chemical interactions and their types.I. University of Peshawar. 5. Mumtaz. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management.A. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. and Hobbs. 2004. Determination of chemicals in biological samples. Oxford. Pakistan’s Environment.Recommended Books: 1. and Memon. Newman. Thomson Brooks/Cole. and Barett. Determination of Interaction of chemicals.
urbanization and pollution. health. Recommended Books 1. Hughes. Course Outlines Introduction to history. Course Outlines Introduction. 2005 2. international trade and the environment. General and Applied Toxicology. T and Turner. Ecological: ecological zones.2005 2. 1996. 5th Edition.Recommended Books 1. clean development mechanism. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement. USA. Government of Pakistan. water resources. industry. M. Vol. P. the economic benefits of different environmental resources. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann. Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. 3. McGrawhill. Macmillan Press Ltd. 1992. Recommended Books: 30 . 1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development. 1st Edition.. First and Second law of Thermodynamics. 3. measuring environmental benefits. B.Science of Poisons . topographic zones. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology. 1993. USA. economic aspects of different environmental problems.D. W. the economy and the environment.1 & 2. education. the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements. economic development and the environment. geography.M. culture. State of the Environment-Pakistan . 1st Edition. Environmental Profile of Pakistan. (ed. land. CRC Press Llc.). COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis. pollution control-a general model. Ballantyne. people. major ecosystems. Klassen. W. Economic: agriculture. USA. Williams. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York.
water and plant analysis. Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH. Sample preservation methods. Sparrow and D. Holler. Titrimetery. J. Environmental Economics: An Introduction. Titrimetery. A. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive. NO3–N & NH4-N).I. D. Field. handling. precision and accuracy. Oxford University Press.A. Biomarkers in environmental assessment. Freeman & Co. and derived S. 2003. Johns Hopkins University Press. Fluoride. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery. L. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual. 2. 2005.W. New York. B. Conductivitymetry. 1993. M. 31 . 3. and F. C. 2. COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. Data interpretation for quality control. Standard solutions and standard curves. Gravimetery.2002. and Batemen.. Environmental Economics... Use of Potentiometery. Analytical techniques for soil. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve. D. salinity & sodicity).K.D. Skoog. BOD. Turner. M. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin. units. Reuter.L. 1999. 3. 2000..R. Kolstad.2004. Oxford.C. Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory. Pearce. Peverill. West.K. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples. 6th Edition. Sample collection. COD. USA. Lab Work S. 8th Edition. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater.and Field. Conductivitymetry. C. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction.1. Collingwood. Harris. K. Australia.I. CSIRO Publ. D. All Solids. Spectroscopy and Chromatography. Gravimetery.. soil (NPK and organic matter contents. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. Thomson and Brooks.UK.J. 4. Recommended Books: 1. D. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association). I.. preparation and storage.
Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures.E. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment.. Smith. USA. J. 2001. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. Derbre. 5th Ed. Hans- Joachim. Introduction to microbial kinetics. W. J. New York. and Russel. D. Biosensor. and application of biotechnology in the environment.living organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques. Scragg.). 3. Sambrook. 2nd Ed. PCR. Recommended Books 1. purification and preservation of DNA. Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems. 4. Tools in environmental biotechnology.COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments. Cambridge University Press. USA.P. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. Biotechnology. (ed. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns. COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 . 2009. 2005. Germany. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. Biomarkers.. Course Outlines Introduction. A. students will be able to understand the significance. National Biosafety Guidelines. Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants. National Biotechnology Commission. 2007. England. USA.D. and Josef. Isolation. 2.1999. Oxford University Press. Chichoster. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms. Bioreactors. Wiley-VCH Verlag.W. Government of Pakistan. Recombinant DNA technology. Environmental Biotechnology. New York. After completion of this course. 2005. J. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd.
Fishery and wildlife. Using and reading GPS in field. Types of data used in GIS. 4. R. K and L. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. 5. COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . Data entry and output. history and platforms. Preparation of thematic maps. Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. advantages and limitations of process. Introduction to GIS. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. Interpretation. 2008. analysis and output. Inc. eradication of the duplicated data. 2000. Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. Data acquisition. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). Mc Graw Hill Education. Different types of maps. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1. John Wiley and Sons. Campbell. Guilfoud press New York. Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. F. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission. Z. 2009. 1999. Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. Satellite Imageries. History and data collection. Lulla. John Wiley and Sons. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). Inc. Cartography. A. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. 2000. Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. Energy Sources. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. 2. 3. Dessinov. Jensen. Rancez. Harvey.Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. Pearsons Education. Forestry. V. Introduction to Photogrammetry. Agriculture. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. Inc. Active and Passive remote sensing. Aerial photography. Image Processing. integration of information from many sources. A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. map projection and coordinate systems.
animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan. WWF Pakistan. philosophical. A. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management. hot spots of biodiversity. Environmental aspects and impacts. Environment and sustainable development. Environmental Economy.C. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS). economic. Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. 2006. Sheldon. 2005.. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. Methods of environmental protection. 1998. Certification of EMS. 2. and Qasim. threats to biodiversity. 3. Michigan. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. American Society for Quality.This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits. Khan. Environmental Management Systems Principles. F. cleaner technologies. Systems and Support Techniques. principles of Cleaner production. alpha and beta diversity. Conservation of biodiversity.2nd Ed. 2001. need and approach. ecological. etc. Course Outlines Introduction. types of biodiversity. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles. 34 . Related Environmental legislation.. Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor. International Organization for Standardization. M. B. threats to biodiversity and its conservation. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production. plant. 4. Environmental Management tools. M. eco-design. and Yoxon. social and ethical values of biodiversity. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)..). American Society for Quality. standards and guidelines.3rd Edition .
role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. Sunderland. Lab Work Sampling techniques (air. 2. their categories. croplands. soil and living organisms. presampling requirements/information. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme. Course Outlines Introduction. ecotourism. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan. P. P. Lahore). conservation strategies. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples.e. Saad Printers. role of traditional knowledge in conservation. Conservation of wildlife. London. international agreements. Cox. 3. field custody. Legal protection of species. EIA requirement. Mirza.conservation at species. Rawalpindi. air. A Primer for Conservation Biology. NOC for plant operation. forests. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan. 1998. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan. 35 . national and international laws and regulations. 2000. conservation and livelihood. Preservation methods including pH control. population. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i. 2ndEd. water.B. management. chemical addition. refrigeration and freezing methods. design and types of samples. quality control sampling. Quality assurance and quality control. Biogeography. cities. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring.B.R. 2000. conservation in man-made ecosystems. laboratory custody. in-situ and ex-situ conservation. Kings College. habitats. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring. sampling and design purposes. and Morre.. protected areas. Recommended Books: 1.B. Publ... Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures.D. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. Z. C. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment. community and ecosystem level. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora. plants. quality assessment. Considerations. Associates Inc. Sinauer. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing.
Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. N. Regional droughts and 36 . Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change.. regional.USA. chemical. S. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. Physical. The Measurement of Climate Change. Forstner U. Human responses to potential climate change. 6. Korte. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide. L. 2. Environmental Chemistry. Air Pollution and Acid Rain.. COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change. 2002. Remote Sensing Note.1996. Murai. and Guethner. D. Energy and Temperature. human health. Patterns in Winds and Pressure. Recent Climate Change Indicators. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention. . USA. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. E. R. UK.Recommended Books: 1. and social factors contributing to climate and global change. 2002. (ed) Springer. agriculture. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. USA. its causes and effects. Manahan. Ozone depletion. Japan Association on Remote Sensing. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data.1999. 2008. Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate. and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change. F. Precipitation. Burden. Moisture in the Atmosphere. extinctions. I. USA. Lewis Publisher London. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course. D. phenological changes. biological. 7. 1992. H. altered community structure. New York. Earth Observation of Global Change. 2nd Edition. Chapman and Hall. McKlivie. 2000. Tokyo. Keith. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. 2008. 3. S. Chuviero. Peakall. E. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. 5.) McGraw-Hill. (eds. 8.
solids. principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society. Types & Resources to produce Energy. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press.. Keith. and Chadwick. Global Warming and Climate Change. Blackwell. Climate Change . public involvement. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice.Causes. A. liquid. National Book Foundation. Therivel.). 4. overview. 3.A. J. screening. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2).. 2003.. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project. Islamabad. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan. 2005. 1st Edition.cataclysmic climate change.(ed). review of EIA quality. Harrop. D. 2003. Effects. 6. John Wiley & Sons. 2005. Climate Change . Oxford. Houghton. & Nixon. 2. 1999. Hardy. 1986. J. J. Glasson. Cost and benefits of EIA.. Recommended Books: 1. Petts. A. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T.. Routledge. (ed. J.Causes. Main stages in EIA process. 2004. project implementation and follow up. decision-making to implement the project. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment. and Solutions. Ministry of Housing and Works. and noise. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts.T. Islamabad. scoping. Earthscan Publication Ltd. London. R. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels. 4. Recommended Books: 1. 1994. law. and Solutions.. impact analysis. Effects.O. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. 5. London. role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis. social impact assessment (SIA). John Wiley & Sons. 2000. and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction. mitigation and impact management. Global Change and the earth system. Hardy. 37 . Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems. T. EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan.. Sringer. 2. 3. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems. 2005. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. EIA project management. reporting. J.
. agriculture chemicals. 6. Everitt.. solar power.. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia. agriculture products and their share in GDP. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level. Types. Ludwig. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. management options. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area. H. F.5. Rangeland Management: existing status. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources. J. R. threat and its causes. process and contents of the management plan. 2nd Edition. Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. Goldsmith. R. importance. requirement. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies. national and provincial legislation. Recommended Books: 1. national example. their current status and threats.B and Warren.. wildlife census. United Nations Environment Programme. wind power and nuclear power.. Development of Management Plan: needs. best available option for future. threats.. occurrence and distribution of natural resources.. EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual. problem in agriculture. & McCabe. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy. and Tu. COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification. Asian Development Bank. effective management. national agriculture policy. Sadler. Lohani. 1997. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. existing management approaches. management options. B. B. S. forest types and its existing management. (ed. Carpenter. their pros and cons. 38 . sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. causes and methods for its improvement. 1993. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level. M. Conservation in Progress.). 2002. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. limitation in the future. methodologies. New York. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. John Willey & Sons. Evans. USA. A. Watershed management: Importance basic principles.
Scientific Methods. Scientific Research: Science. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically. Dasmann. & Plano Clark.2. Sampling: the logic of sampling. 1992. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. John Wiley & Sons. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data. 1984. London.F. Bibliography.Amsterdam. Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. Material Methods. V. Surveys. Sage CA. Case Studies.E. R. and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research. to introduce students to research design. Hansen. 1990. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. 39 . research methods. Selecting the Research Method. population and sampling frames. 2007. types of sampling design/. Thousand Oaks. GOP and IUCN. and Jorqensen. Search Engines. Questionnaire. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice. Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison). Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods. 4.L. How to put things together? Introduction. Objectives. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). concepts and terminologies. USA. Review of Literature. Methodology.1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study. New York. 3. 5.E. Experimental Research. Environmental Conservation. J. S. Creswell. Research Design & Research Methods. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem.A pre-requisite for Research. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design. W. Inference based on findings.. Elsevier. Review of Literature. Islamabad. Literature Search: Database. P. Research Proposal: its importance . Interviews. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1.
Chichester. SNBP Local Government Ordinance.. 2nd Edition. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules. Survey Research Methods. 1997. 1997. R. Students project in Environmental Science. Babbie. Booth. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act. Wadsworth Publishing Company. 2008. 2003. 4. National Environmental Policy 4.. The Craft of Research by Wayne C. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance. Sage Publishers. Marilyn F. G. USA. Belmont California. 6. Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation.. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers.Batty. 5..S. of Chicago Press. Robert Yin. Recommended Books: 1. National Conservation Strategy 5. Moriarty.Harrad. Law Books House. Government of Pakistan 3.h. Univ. USA. 2. 3. England. E.2. 2001 and the rules of business made there under. M. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 . and Arhonditsis. Qadar. John and sons Ltd. 2001. regulations made there under. 1989. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans. 2000. Writing Science Through Critical Thinking. S. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development. 3rd Edition. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. Diamon. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan. 2003.USA.
This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45
POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46
RESEARCH PROJECT/ INTERNSHIP
E-I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY
To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,
5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.
(ed.. hydrological cycle. 5. integrated water resources management (IWRM). A. water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan. 4.1993. Recommended Books: 1. Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia. SDPI Oxford University Press. 2006. C. U. Ahmed.. with drinking water facilities like springs. climate change and its impacts on our future water resources.. Cheema. R. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry. watershed/catchment. fisheries management. Lahore. virtual water. 2005. recycling and re-use of wastewater. 2006. Biswas.. Course Outlines Water resource and its management. Mirajuddin Publication . precipitation distribution in Pakistan. Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT). The Politics of Managing Water. Ahmed. improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency... and Qamar. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment. J. (eds. 1993. wetlands resources management. 3. 6. Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization. water supply and demand management measures. tubewells. Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. Indus Water Accord 1991. A. Oxford University Press Karachi.Lahore.Varis. and Malik. Khan. Islamabad. 2003. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. Pakistan . O. N. Mirajuddin Publication . flood and drought management. Pakistan. Islamabad. flood and droughts. and Tortajada.. N. Oxford University Press New Delhi. Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant. like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. Groundwater Resources of Pakistan. groundwater exploitation. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan. Briscoe. Asia Printer. Bengali.K. it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects. K. A.E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan. I. pollution aspects.). R. P. 44 . 2. water quality and quantity aspects. Revised & enlarged edition.).
Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. E. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. the salient features of urban environments. Academic Press. Prentice Hall. urban political ecology. USA. 11th Edition.C. 2007. Soil degradation. transport. R. Miller. Urban ecosystem. hydrological processes. Hillel. Upper Saddle River. management and green productivity. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization.T. Urbanization. NJ. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. Pakistan. R. urban patterns and ecosystem functions. PrenticeHall. and Weil. N. residential mobility and the neighborhood change. Definition. 1. soils. R. future of urban centers. Soils in Our Environment. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. urban settlements. National Book Foundation. Causes of urbanization. D. Soil Science. USA. 2007. Bashir. urban landscapes characteristics.R. and Bantel. urbanization in Pakistan. humans as components of urban ecosystems. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. Physical and chemical properties of soil. Soil buffering capacity and its importance. Process and outcome. USA. D. Factors and processes of soil formation.E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. Course Outlines Introduction.. 45 . Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. Forms of urbanization.W. Course Outlines Introduction. Upper Saddle River. Islamabad. Brady. Soil forming minerals. urban flora and fauna.. 2008. After completion of this course. NJ. 1996. Types and properties of parent materials. San Diego. Gardiner. CA. Cation and anion exchange.
. 46 . Alberti.. UK. Routledge. SAGE Publications Ltd. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. UK. 4. Planning and Urban Change. Ward. Types of Urban Plans. Justification for planning for city management. Levels of planning. S. nd 2 Edition.. CRC Press LLC. I. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans.S. UR. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. City Design for Sustainable Development. D. Springer. 2. Scope. USA. USA. 3.and Kowaril. J. Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments.. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. London. Sukopp. Land use planning theories. 1. Elements of urban planning. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation. The Ecology of Urban Habitats.1990. Hough. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area. New trends in planning and city management. Smith. H. Recommended Books: 1.and Maser. Penguin Group. Planning theories and concepts. V. Kate. Principles of planning. E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. The planning process. UK. M. The Works: Anatomy of a City. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. C. 2009. M.. 1989. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level. London. O.Recommended Books: Urban Ecology. S. Planning and its relationship with other professions. 2007. 2006. Chapman and Hall. SBS academic publishing. nature and purpose of urban planning. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city. 2. 2004. 5. Aims and Objectives of planning. Hague. A. New York. Silberstein. Routledge. Gilbert. Hejny. 2004.L. 2000.
E&UA Div. ADB. Natural cycles and their role. Paris. Kates. 2nd Edition. 4. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research.W. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum. International phenomenon. 1986. Westview Press. Role of Media in Disaster Management. Techniques and methods to assess hazard. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. Recommended Books: 1. New York. 1991. 1993. R. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters.. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors. Longman Group. Clara. Disaster Management Trainings and Policies. Earthquake Management.. Flood Management: Organizational Role. New York. UK. Introducing Town Planning. Boulder . Cultural factors. Disaster as an opportunity for development. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization.W. Islamabad. 3. Manila.. 1993. 1989. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies.UNESCO. 47 . Natural Disasters Alexander. 2. Earthquake.. The Environment as Hazard Burton I. It discusses a wide range of aspects. Chapman & Hall. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). Hazards.. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures. Different approaches and Indicators. P. 1993. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies. Disaster Management: Components of management. D. and White G.e. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches. 4.. Landslide. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies.B. Government of Pakistan.. Physical factors. i.F. G. Political factors. Ministry of Housing and Works. Prediction. The Guilford Press.. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms. and Woodrow. Flooding. H. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N. M.J. It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. Socio-economic factors.3.
Biotic structure. Quorum Books.. E. R. Course Outlines Energy-development and environment. uses. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources. L. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. Consumer and producer relationship. Agroecology. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. 4th Edition. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. decomposers. 3. local.B and Keller.5. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers. merits and demerits of wind. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America. 6th Edition. Botkin. A. E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment. environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources.A. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Perry R. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. 1983. McKinney. biomass resources. hydropower. New York. D. primary producers. Schoch. energy resources of Pakistan. types.L. solar. and Mushkatel. consumers. Phytoremediation and bioremediation. Paris. Westport. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems.M.H. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions.. 1. M. F. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem. Disasters and Development Cuny. USA. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals. OECD/IEA. 2001. 6. Deforestation for agricultural purposes. 2007. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. and Yonavjak.W. Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem. John Wiley and Sons. energy resources.. 1984. Farming practices for pests and weeds control. 2. alternate energy resources. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation. Ecological concept in crop and food production. 48 . 2007. sustainable energy management.C. Sustainable livestock management.
Corol. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity.Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram.G. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species. Westview Press. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity. 2000. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species. 1990. McGraw Hill Publishing Company. P.. Recommended Books: 1. Kapur. New York. 1995. India. 3.M. R. E-11 Seminar 49 . USA. and Rossel. Boulder. 2. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture. CBS Publishers and Distributors. M. Study of stratification and profile diagram. USA. Study of index of diversity.P. Experimental Plant Ecology.H. C. Altreri. Yandermeer J. Agrocology.Determination of density and abundance of plant species. and Sudha.A.R. New Delhi.
The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. 2. 50 . The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions. The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science. 3. The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science. it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor. 5. the Committee agreed on the following principles. that: 1. availability of the faculty and other facilities. 4.
5. 12. 6. 5. 7. 24. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. 2. 9. 7. 12. 4.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1. 23. 25. 9. 15. 26. 11. 13. 8. Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 17. 18. 11. 3. 3. 20. 21. 2. 10. 6. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 . 10. The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. 22. 19. 14. 8. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. 4. 16.
and Bell. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan.1994. COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. Provincial and Local Strategies. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan.. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences.DETAILS OF M.S. Karachi. Recommended Books: 1. 2. London Black Stone Press Ltd. Hansen. Geography of Pakistan. Carrying capacity and sustainable development.T. 3. 3. FURTHER READINGS 1.1994. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems. Environmental control Policies. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall. Instruments and methods.. Environment People and Economy. D. Draft National Environmental Policy. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan..E. Oxford University Press. Money. GOP and IUCN. Khan K. 2nd Edition. Relationship of culture.1995. technology and resource use. Elsevier. Oxford University Press. Ball. Conservation Strategies. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS).E. development of concepts. and Jorqensen. S. 1987. 1991. Hodder and Stoughton.. P. Mackenzie. Amsterdam. Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management. Conventions and Protocols in Global. London. 1992. 2. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space. WCS. NCS. S. S. status of Terrestrial. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment. Regional and International Environmental Issues.A. Islamabad. 52 . Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling. 4.. Treaties.F. Mackenzie J.1991. F.
Case Studies and review. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. 1995. England. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants. 53 . classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. sampling rules. F & Bronstein. 3. Environment Department.A. Washington. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). process. Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Recommended Books: 1. UK. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. social impact assessment. Longman House. Environmental Chemical Analysis. Gas Chromatography etc.COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction. 2. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery. procedures and methods of EIA. Principles of physical. economic impact assessment. 2. Ahmed. Harlow Essex. Government of Pakistan. Burnt Hill. Chichester. Air and Solid Waste. 1995. 1993. John Wiley & Sons. Ed. C. Ministry of Environment. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements. Demographic impact assessment. Environmental and Social Impact assessment. Environmental auditing. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. role and importance. History. ecological impact assessment. ed. A one Publishers Lahore. D. Assessment of environmental impacts. Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. Sectoral guidelines for EIA. World Bank. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution.Vanclay. Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment. K. Cost benefit analysis of projects. A.. Wastewater. DC. WB. COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. FURTHER READINGS 1. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). Recommended Books: 1. Longman Scientific and Technical. sample collection and preservation. Wood. opportunities and issues.
John Wiley and Sons. 1997. Project Planning... Project Management Institute. T. J. Occupational Health: problems and issues. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). Project Life Cycle. Yassi. 2001. M/S Banarsid. 4. A. inputs. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. work breakdown structure. and Wright. Nebel. Prentice Hall International Inc. Inc. activities.. L. 2002. 1st Ed. Basic Environmental Health. 5. 1992. Reasons for Project success or failure. 2nd Ed. B. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. New York. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. J. 1st Ed. Government Policies and Programs. Planning Commission Performas. Mantel s. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). 1998. 3. Resource Mobilization. MS Project Recommended Books: 1. USA. Project Initiation.COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. Accident prevention and safety plans. Park. Caeneross. Project Planning and Approval Processes.. assumptions.. 54 . S. USA. 1993. Writing Project Proposal. air borne. Van Nostrand and Reinhold. food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. Kjelllström.. 2. principles and practices. means of verification. Environmental Health Engineering. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic. T. 1st ed. Primary health care services. UK. London. 2.. Oxford University Press New York. COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems.. feasibility study. Recommended Books: 1. prevention and control. safety techniques. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation.. Defining Project objectives. and Guidotti. Lippmann. Project Management: A Managerial Approach. R. Meredith J. K. T. indicators. communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne.2000. R. Need identification. M. A Guide to Project Management. de Kok. T. Ergonomic and Safety. Public health concept. specific objectives. development objectives. economic evaluation. outputs. Wiley Interscience.
M. 4th Edition. Paris. petroleum. OECD/IEA. USA. D. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. 1998. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms. Environmental auditing. John Wiley and Sons. principles and elements of the process of EMS. 2007. 3. Principles of cleaner production. McKinney. Sources of data. Environmental Auditing. L. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. industry and domestic sectors.. merits and demerits of wind. Schoch. Michigan-January 2001. 6th Edition. St Luise Press. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. gas. 2. 55 . E. ISO Central Secretariat. Sayre. energy resources of Pakistan. Switzerland. Related Environmental regulations. energy resources. Paris. types. 1990b. solar. and Yonavjak. sustainable energy management for agriculture. ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family. R. bio-energy resources. D.B and Keller.A. nuclear) local. Botkin. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor. 2007. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. 4. Recommended Books: 1. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. Recommended Books: 1. 2001. Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. transport. uses. data collection and interpretation. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management. hydropower. 3.L. alternate energy resources. 2.M. non-renewable and renewable. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet.COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management.
Vegetation Ecology Ed. 2005. J. etc. Hardy. Warrick. Silvertown. Hardy. Houghton. Beck. T. Effects. water resources. climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. Earthscan Publication Ltd. John Wiley & Sons. J.Causes. 2004. forests. B & Jager. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Introduction to Plant Population Biology.T. Species richness. John Wiley & Sons. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. UK 1991. Blackwell Publishing.COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. London. K. COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. 2003. types of climate change models. 4. E. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. Berlin. Green House Gases. Recommended Books: 1. 2. 1. Climate Change . & Charlesworth. 2. Blackwell Publishing. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics.. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. J. and Solutions. Plant Ecology. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. 2003. 1st Edition. global aspects of plant ecology. John Wiley & Sons. Recommended Books: 1. Effects. Oxford. D. competition and coexistence. 2005. E & Muller-Hohenstein.D. and Solutions. Climate change and food production. (Ed. 3.. The Green House Effect. ECOPE 29. Chichester. 2005. resources and plants. plant conservation.Causes. Shulze. 56 . Modeling of climate change. UK.). vegetation dynamics. geographical and temporal patterns. 2005. management and restoration. Springer. survival and extinction. Oxford UK. ED. human activities and vegetation dynamics. D. 3. Plant population dynamics. 5. types and their climatic effects. Climate Change . plant invasions. Maarel. Life history strategies of plants. Climate Change and Ecosystems.
E. Oxford University Press. Oxford. & Ripley. types. Conserving Living Natural Resources. Primack. their importance. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management. its causes. Inc. problems and solutions. UK. 2. Bailey. 3. Essentials of Conservation Biology. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation. Oxford University Press. I).J. & Spicer. Robinson. John Wiley And Sons. Oxford. their types and role in conservation. types.D. 2002. London. Loss of biodiversity. Oxford. 2002. 1998. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol.G. B. Weddell. Cambridge. COURSE 11 WILDLIFE. management. Forests. their ecological and economic importance. 1973 2. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity. Rangeland management. S. FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. Threatened animals and plants.J. Global and national biodiversity. T. J. Wetlands. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan. Recommended Books: 1. biological diversity. UK.(2nd Ed. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. Forest plantations. Protected areas. Roberts. II). 1986. Oxford University Press. Extinction of species. Wildlife Ecology and Management. Recommended Books: 1.) Gaston.J. habitats and ecosystems. Status of forests in Pakistan. Consumptive.J. Cambridge University Press. T. J. distribution and management. Roberts.A.L. Mcmillan. Blackwell Publsihing. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. S. Wildlife of Pakistan. distribution. Publishers Sunderland. Establishment and management of protected areas. 1984. deforestation and its control. USA. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali. distribution. Biodiversity: An introduction. Protected areas in Pakistan. kinds. 3. R. Sinauer Assocaites. 4. 5. W. Participatory forest management. status. Protection and restoration of species. threats and conservation. 57 . 1992. Sustainable forest management. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity.B. Principles of Wildlife Management.COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction. 2004. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. K. Cambridge. And Bolen.
Islamabad. 4. New York.. UK. USA. 2000. urbanization in Pakistan. 2. Recommended Books: 1. Urban planning and management in Pakistan.. V. USA. Sustainable cities. Environmental problems of urban life. Penguin Group. S. J. Kate. 58 . Government of Pakistan.. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. urban systems and their characteristics. Planning and Urban Change. Introducing Town Planning. G. management of transport. 1993. SAGE Publications Ltd.. Ministry of Housing and Works. C.COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction. E&UA Div. sanitation. The Works: Anatomy of a City. Ward. urban landscape characteristics. drinking water and solid waste in cities. 2004. London. Clara. Silberstein. Urban land use planning and management.and Maser. 2007. 1986. Forms of urbanization. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages. future of urban centers. H. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. 3. Longman Group. urban political ecology. UK. A. CRC Press LLC.
Practical English Grammar by A. 1997. Third edition.V. Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1.A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. Thomson and A. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. a) Functional English Grammar 1. Exercises 1. Oxford University Press. Martinet.Annexure . ISBN 0194313492 59 .J.
Third edition.J. and speed reading. Reading. Reading/Comprehension 1. Thomson and A.V. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. minutes of meetings. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. Oxford University Press. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. b) Practical English Grammar by A. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Upper Intermediate. intensive and extensive. Martinet. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. 1997. Exercises 2. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. Fourth Impression 1993. Third Impression 1992. Writing. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing.2. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 . ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41.
Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. b) Writing 1. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. clarity. content. Oxford University Press 1986. discursive. Fourth Impression 1993. Writing. Exercises 2. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style.V. Thomson and A. Reading 1. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. 2. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. Writing. Advanced. Advanced by Ron White. c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive.1. Martinet. narrative. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. introduction to presentations. Third Impression 1991. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. Third Impression 1992. Practical English Grammar by A. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. Reading. descriptive and argumentative writing). form. Third edition. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. Fourth Impression 1992. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Oxford Supplementary Skills. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 .J. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. 2. Writing. Oxford Supplementary Skills. language.
argumentative and report writing). 3. Compiled by norther Illinois University. 62 . Kathleen Shine Cain. St. Kirszner and Stephen R.(particularly suitable for discursive. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. 2. College Writing Skills by John Langan. descriptive. 2004. without taxing the taste of engineering students). (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. A Custom Publication. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. Mandell. Martin’s Press.
Zaidi.B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective.M. 1993. Ethnicity d. Shahid Javed. 1971-77 d. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. Lahore. national development. Karachi: Oxford University Press. 1958-71 c. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. Economic institutions and issues b. b. 2. S. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Study the process of governance. 63 Books Recommended 1. Contemporary Pakistan a. Historical Perspective a. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. 1947-58 b. 2000. contemporary Pakistan. Mehmood. People and Land i. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. . Indus Civilization ii. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. 3. 1994.Annexure . Course Outline 1. ideological background of Pakistan. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki. S. Location and geo-physical features. Akbar. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. Muslim advent iii. 4. Society and social structure c. 2. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. 1977-88 e. 1999 onward 3. 1988-99 f. State & Society in Pakistan. politics. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. Safdar. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. government.
. M. 1980.5. Ethno . Safdar. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Tahir. 1972. Mehmood. 8. Rafique. 9. 11. Lahore: Vanguard. II & III. 6. Vol. Party. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. Afzal. Sayeed.K. 64 . Wilcox. The Political System of Pakistan. Khalid Bin. 1980. 13. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. History & Culture of Sindh. 1987. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia. Institute of Public Policy Research. 1998. 10. 1967. 12. 1993. Muhammad Waseem. 7. 14. Zahid.The Emergence of Banglades. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. K. 1976. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Amin.National Movement in Pakistan. Lawrence. Noor ul. Enigma of Political Development. nd. Ansar. Club Road. I. Ziring. Aziz. Pakistan Under Martial Law. Karachi: Royal Book Company. Wayne. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Washington: American Enterprise. Political Parties in Pakistan. Politics in Pakistan. Haq. Islamabad.
Tadabar (Verse No1.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.57.C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 .40.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.A.A.21.A. 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.20) Related to thinking.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.6.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.A.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.Annexure .58. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.19.56.
in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt.
“An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. “Studies in Islamic Law. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah.” Hussain Hamid Hassan. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr.S. IRI. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. Bhatia. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi.3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. Islamabad (2001) 67 . “Emergence of Islam” . “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. International Islamic University. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. Ahmad Hasan. Pakistan.
relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. types. not majoring in mathematics. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. Beckenback EF. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. College Algebra and Trigonometry. Wooton W. 1978. equations reducible to quadratic equations. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. trigonometric identities. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. determinants. cube roots of unity. functions. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction.Annexure . PWS-Kent Company. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. PWS-Kent Company. harmonic progression. Houghton & Mifflin. system of linear equations. geometric progression. introduction to sets. types of functions. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. 1986. complex numbers. 1987. Cramer’s rule. Sharron S. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE.D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. set operations. Boston 68 . Boston Swokowski EW. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. matrix inverse.
distance between two points. Addison-Wesley. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. various forms of equation of a line. differentiation of polynomial. angle between two lines. change of variables in indefinite integrals. continuous functions. USA 3. not majoring in mathematics. 69 . Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). New York Stewart J. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. Bevens I. 2005. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. integration by parts. solution of equations involving absolute values. Boston Thomas GB. 1995. Calculus (11th edition). derivatives. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. intersection of two lines. left-hand and right-hand limits. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. continuity. not majoring in mathematics. inequalities. PWS-Kent Company.2. Calculus (3rd edition). distance between a point and a line. rational and transcendental functions. Reading. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Davis S. functions and their graphs. integration by substitution. parallel and perpendicular lines. Ma. equation of a line. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. slope of a line. 1983. 2005. Finney AR. John Wiley. Recommended Books: Anton H.
Introduction to sets. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. College Algebra and Trigonometry. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. Scott. • Contents 1. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. ellipse. Boston Swokowski EW. determinants. 70 . PWS-Kent Company. equations reducible to quadratic equations. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. Boston 4. hyperbola. circles determined by various conditions. PWS-Kent Company.Circle: Equation of a circle. locus of a point in various conditions. 1987. system of linear equations. set operations. types of functions. Conic Sections: Parabola. intersection of lines and circles. Freshman and Company. Analytic Geometry. functions. Cramer’s rule. • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. nature of roots of quadratic equations. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. 1969 Kaufmann JE. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. types of matrices. 1986. inverse of matrices.
. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. discrete and continuous series. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. Latest Edition. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. characteristics of statistics. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. R. Walpole. Latest Edition. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. relationship of statistics with social science. Graphs: Graph of straight line. Kaufmann. R. E. Latest Edition. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. frequency polygon. quartiles. standard deviation. Swokowski. deciles and percentiles.. W.. 4. PWS-Kent Company. Books Recommended: 1. cumulative frequency curve. Measures of dispersion: Range. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. J.geometric and harmonic progressions. 3. 71 . trigonometric identities. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. E. ungrouped and grouped data. 2. bar frequency diagram histogram. Boston. skewness and kurtosis. types of frequency series. 5. circle and trigonometric functions. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines.. moments. E. 2. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. variance. array. Wilcox. Prentice Hall. tally sheet method. individual. R.
Solution of equations involving absolute values. special points of a function. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. logarithmic differentiation. Frank A. the inverse of differentiation. plane polar coordinates. infinite and improper integrals. 6. applications of integration. Boston. Calculus Single and Multivariable. reduction formulae. 4. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus. Recommended Books: 1. Least-Squares Line. Rational Functions. Elliott Mendelson. Anton. 8th edition. 2. John Wiley & Sons. Davis. Calculus. Contents 1. Slope of a Line. integration by parts. logarithmic integration. Hughes-Hallett. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. I. Leibnitz’ theorem. substitution method. W. 11th Edition. sinusoidal function. products. 2005. Mathews. 2002. E. McCallum. Thomas. Schaum’s Outline Series. 5. Calculus. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. 6. et al. • Integration Integration from first principles. Calculus. Prentice-Hall.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line.Jr. S. Equation of a Line. Inc. integration using partial fractions. Addison Wesley publishing company. Jhon Willey & Sons. Gleason. and Transcendental Functions. Integration by Parts. Inequalities. 2. quotients. implicit differentiation. 4th edition. Trigonometric Functions. integral inequalities. John H. Bevens. Inc. Extreme Values of Functions. Rational and Transcendental Functions. integration by inspection. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. Second Edition 1992. H. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. the chain rule. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. Swokowski. 1983. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. theorems of differentiation. 2005. Continuous Functions. 3. 1999. 3rd Edition. Continuity.
multiplication. arithmetico-geometric series. solving hyperbolic equations. inverses of hyperbolic functions. modulus and argument. the difference method. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. series involving natural numbers. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4. complex conjugate. identities of hyperbolic functions. finding the nth roots of unity. geometric series. alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. approximation errors in Taylor series. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 . division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem.Additions and subtraction. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies.
of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 . line to line. masses. unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. vector product.5. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. point to plane. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. symmetric and antisymmetric. orthogonal. Hermitian. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. Pappus’ theorems. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. 6. the inner product. of a unitary matrix. centers of mass and centroids. scalar triple product. moments of inertia. Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product.
8. Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. divergence of a vector field. spherical polar coordinates 75 . differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. combinations of grad.
Interpretation of the standard Deviation. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. probability and non-probability sampling. Test statistics. Exercises. Ogive for Discrete Variable. Unit 2. Discrete and continuous variables. The Variance and standard deviation. Unit 7. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Types of frequency curves. Statistical problem. Exercises. Poisson and Normal Distribution. Data. Exercises. Empirical Relation between Mean. 76 . Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Stem and Leaf Display. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. bias. Diagrams. Box and Whisker Plot. definition of outliers and their detection. Graphs and their Construction. Presentation of Data Introduction. Quantiles. Observations. Sources. Exercises. level of significance. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Historigram. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Bar charts. acceptance and rejection regions. Pie chart. Significant digits. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Change of origin and scale. Standardized variables.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. sample design and sampling frame.Annexure . Absolute and relative measures. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Difference of means and proportions. The Mode. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. properties of Good Average. Histogram. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Editing of Data. Collection of primary and secondary data. Range. Unit 3. Errors of measurement. Rounding of a Number. Population. sampling and non sampling errors. Exercises Unit 6. Type-I and Type-II errors. Unit 5. Unit 4. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. sampling with and without replacement. The semi-Interquartile Range. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. The Mean Deviation. Coefficient of variation. Probability and Probability Distributions. Moments and Moments ratios. Median and mode. null and alternative hypothesis. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Exercises. Different types of Averages. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Exercises.
Exercises Unit 9. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. simple linear regression. New York. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. 2 Muhammad. examples. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. “Introduction to Statistics”. 2005. Testing of Hypothesis. 77 . Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples.Single Population Introduction. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes.. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. Correlation. Unit 11. Exercises Unit 10. R. cause and effect relationships. F.Unit 8. Contingency Tables. Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole. 3rd Ed.. 1982. E. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters.Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. Exercises. Inc. Coefficient of linear correlation. Kitab Markaz. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. its estimation and interpretation. r and R2. Macmillan Publishing Co. Regression and Correlation Introduction.