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For BS MS
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………
6 12 14 50 51
SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 . universities and other institutions of higher education. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. R&D organizations. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. therefore. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities.PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. 63. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. the Federal Government vide notification No. degree awarding institutions. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees. and 36.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30. D773/76-JEA (cur. It is. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses. respective accreditation councils and stake holders. imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge. It also aimed to give a basic. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration. PROF. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. dated December 4th 1976. Lahore. DR. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives.). the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. The world has turned into a global village. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee. 2009 at the HEC Regional Center.ALTAF ALI G.
OF DRAFT BY NCRC REVIEW IMPLE. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. Preparation 5 . Abbreviations Used: NCRC. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I PREP. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI. REC. UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRI. UNI. OF NCRC. QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. OF CURRI. OF FINAL CURRI. PREP. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREP. COL. R&D. LI R&D HEC Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRI. EXP.
Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head. Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr. 7. Karachi from 28-30. Lahore Member 6. April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline. Rawalpindi Dr. Member 3. Member 5. Following attended the meeting:1. Rawalpindi Dr. Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2. Dr. Dr. Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. Member 6 . Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. Member 4. Dr. Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University.Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre.
Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr. Member 10. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. Member 14. Dr. Dr. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9. 13. Karachi Member 12. Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof. Prof. Member 16. 7 . Dr. Dr. Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof. Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. Dr. Dr. Member 11. Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore. Member 15. Prof.8.
Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. Mr. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards. Dr.17. 8 . Shafiq-ur-Rehman. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. Chairman. Secretary Dr. Director of HEC Regional Center. Member 20. the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. Mr. Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. Karachi. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. The meeting was opened by Mr. 2. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. 1. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr. Faisalabad Member 18. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society. At first. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. Islamabad coordinated the meeting. Dr. Member 19. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission.
4. Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities. 5.3. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment. 2. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. In last few centuries. The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development. The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. 1. 3. The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development. 6. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. The committee thanked Mr. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 . These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses. The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities.
ii. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv. 5. This committee. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science. RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. in its preliminary meeting. and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems. This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. skills and behaviour patterns. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development. Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 . This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. Apply theoretical understanding. professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii. regional and global contexts. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences. Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems.
The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F. Integrating natural sciences.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals.. 1. eight semesters in the semester system. The medium of instruction. 6. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment. The 11 . The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2. that: 1. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English. 5. with consensus. pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3. DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee. 2. Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature.e. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i. 4. Sc. A. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration. UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles. 3. skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes. assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science.
Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5. Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13. Biology –II* 9. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7. Environmental Pollution 22. English-III 18. Basic Chemistry* 4. English-I 6. Biology –I* 3. Sociology/Anthropology* 11. Introduction to Earth Science 8. Introduction to Environmental Science 2. Introductory Economics* 17. Environmental Chemistry 15. Environmental Microbiology 21. Environmental Physics 16. Introduction to Computer 14. Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19. English-II 12.proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. Fundamentals of Ecology 20. Climatology* 23. SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1. The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. Psychology* .
ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30. Environmental Impact Assessment 39. Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25. ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31. Environmental Monitoring 36. 44. Environmental Biotechnology 32. Natural Resource Management 40. Biodiversity & Conservation 35. Opt. Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours . 45. ELECTIVE-III 42. Applied Ecology 26. Environmental toxicology 27. English-IV/ Univ. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. Environmental Economics 29. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28. 46. Climate Change 38. Research Methods in Environmental Science 41. Environmental Management Systems 34.24.
• Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical.
The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms. Different aspects of environment: physical. M. B. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Human environment and its problems: global. ecological. urbanization. G. 6th Ed. D. biological and social.B & Keller. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment. and their relationships with various environmental factors. regional..DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline. Botkin. socio-economic. E. Miller. Schoch. ethical. 4th Ed. & Yonavjak. John Wiley & Sons. Pearson Educational. 2002. its importance in human life. L. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future. poverty and resource depletion. McKinney. environmental pollution. Recommended Books: 1. Thomson Learning. 15 . Environmental Science: working with the Earth. philosophical. 2007 3. 4. development in industry and agriculture. 2. 2007. current global. R.A.M. proteins and nucleic acids. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates. Environmental Science: systems and solutions.I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life. Wright. & Nebel.T.L.J. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY . 2007. 10th Ed. lipids. history. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development. Major components of environment: physico-chemical. R. national..
Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus. Cell division. Ionic. E. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. Cassimeris. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols.. Nucleic acids. A. 1996. lipids. Bulter. C. Crossley. lipids. D. 2008. carbohydrates. coordinate covalent bond. Australia . carboxylic acids. Introduction to cell biology. 5. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. polypeptides in protein diversity. Molecular Biology through Questions. chemical diversity. M.. Shier. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations. proteins. Lewis. the molecule of genetic information and replication. Canada. Structure and the basis of function. G. 2007. amines)... periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals.Hill International Edition. Starr. Ltd. Cells. Plopper. V. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. Wadsworth Group. Lingappa. Self Assessment and Revie. phospholipids in membrane systems. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning.. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa. carbonyls. protobionts. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. 3. 2007. L. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. New York. 16 . N.Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. USA. B. Biology: a Human Emphasis. Origin of life: chemical evolution. The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. McGraw. 4. covalent. R. chemical basis of life. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology. J. 1. 2003. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell. Aromatic compounds. origin of metabolism. R. 2. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. 8th Ed. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods. 5th Edetion. USA. esters. Study of mitosis in onion root tip. and Lewis. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. USA. and Whitelaw.
simultaneous equations and their solutions. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula. Qualitative Chemical Analysis.M. values of trigonometric functions. 8th Edition. EC and TDS in waste water. radicals. Lab Work Preparation of molar. COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences. Osmosis and Dialysis. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra.J. coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane. geometric and harmonic sequence. Use of spectrophotometric techniques.K. 5. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. real line. minor and cofactor of a matrix. Girard. Andrews.E. USA.Special Products (Binomial Expression). West. P. Photochemical reactions. equations of lines (linear equations).H. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. Jones and Barlett. determinants.A.. 4. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations). Matrices and Determinants: Matrix. P. UK. Thomson and Brooks. Blackwell Science. Jickells. Recommended Books: 1. normal solutions/buffers. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics.. Understanding Environmental Pollution.E. law of Cosines. 3.D. expansion of determinants. Algebra of matrices. D. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional).. Freeman and Company. Thin layer chromatography. Column chromatography. 2004. 2003. J. Binomial theorem (Simple applications). Colloids chemistry. 2004.S. Cambridge University Press. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. D. Sequence and series: Arithmetic.. 2nd Edition. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. 1st Ed.ions. series and means. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles.J..C.. angle-sum formula. Skoog. double angle formulas. W.. and Reid. Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers. Measurement of pH. Brimblecombe. F. J.. D. 17 . Liss. M. Surface chemistry. Solution chemistry. concepts of six basic trigonometric functions. Hill. 2. molal. and Holler. 6th Edition. USA. B. graphs. 2nd Edition. 2004. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. 2005. UK. Harris. T.. straight line and related concepts. Canada.
Recommended Books: 1. the processes of their formation. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions. Abraham. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors.A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure . lineation and unconformities. Earth as a member of solar system. erosion and related landforms. COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure . earthquakes and volcanoes. Pacific Grove. weathering and erosion. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. 4. Analytical Geometry.Wesley.B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. G.. cleavages. its origin. foliation. different earth processes like mountain buildings. nonrepeated linear factors. D. Introduction to rocks and minerals. Smith. mountain building. by parts integration (simple applications). 10th Ed. Thomas. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation. Chatterjee. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. J. Introduction to sedimentary. age. S. Scott Foresman and Company. Weathering. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. faults. This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals. 1999. Narosa Publishing House. theorems on differentiation (sum. Jr. and Finney.. L. Fossils and their significance. igneous and metamorphic rocks. earthquakes. Addission.Cramer’s Rule. California. 2. New Delhi. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. plate tectonics. theorem of integration. 4th Ed. composition and its internal structure. Trignometry for College students. Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. product and quotient rules without derivations). 18 . joints. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension. Chain rule. Introduction to folds. irreducible quadratic factors. R. Integration: Formulas of integration.B. 3. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. K. difference.
Life in sea. 5. 19 . unicellularity. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation.. animals). and Tasa.. K. Biodiversity of hilly areas. 2004. Smith.. interactions among diversified life. A. protocell formation.. Use of brunton compass and GPS. Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. 2007 2. modern concepts.II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution. G. Earth Science. Prentice Hall. J. Prentice Hall: 2006. Routledge. multicellularity. F. 9th Edition. Tarbuck. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis. measuring biodiversity. invasion of life on land. Wicander. 11th Edition. Geological time chart with biodiversity. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity.Identification of rocks and minerals. molecular basis of biodiversity. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat.. Recommended Books: 1. Tarbuck. Biodiversity of deserts. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification. Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life. 2005. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories. 4.. Brooks/Cole. and Tasa. Prentice Hall. 2007 3. E. Lutgens.. D. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species. causes of extinction. Foundations of Structural Biology. Lamarckism. Darwinism.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps. F. R. examples of adjustments in varied environment. population loss and decline. J. Physical Geology and Process of Science. J. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water. and Pun. biodiversity crises. How Does Earth Work. Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology.. different classification systems. G. and Monroe. Lutgens. Biodiversity of canal.. crucial for organisms’ sustainability. Field Study tour. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. 3rd Edition. E. K. 5th Edition. Geographical aspects of biodiversity. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants. COURSE 8 BIOLOGY . R. consequences of losing biodiversity. D. Park.
Tripartite nature of environment. Culture. Consumption. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions. (editors). John Wiley and Sons. 2nd Edition. 2009. Understanding the environment-human relationship. I. 2.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. (editor).. 2009. New York: New York University Press. Conceptualizing environment. 4. Contemporary environment issues and debate. 3. CA: AltaMira Press. Nora and Wilk. UK. COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure . UK. 3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment. Use of environment for vested interest.. C.E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems. USA. Inc. IL:WavelandPress. Gaston. Routledge. Blackwell Science Ltd. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. C. The Ecology of global consumer culture. Adam. Biodiversity (An Introduction). culture and society. and Spicer. and Sustainable Living. Environmental Risks and the Media. a Human Emphasis. R. 2005. K. 2003. Scope and application. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology. Bradbury. Recommended Books: 1. J. Perspective of human-environment evolution. Hannen. Prospect Heights. Allan & Carter. 2001.K. Townsend. UK. P. I. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. Chronological. 2. L. 5th Edition. Walnut Creek. Crumley. Wadsworth Group. 2000. 3. New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. Inc. K. Starr. 20 . power & hegemony. globalization and environmental issues. Biology. J. Goals and expectations. Contemporary environmental status. The Biosphere. and concerns. 2006.
G. Ms-Excel. Ms-Power Point. Operating system (Windows). Storage hardware. 21 . lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered.Microsoft office 2000. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere. Fundamentals of computer. Selin. COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure . Long N. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Recommended Books: 1. Ms-Access. Long l. e-mail. output hardware. Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse. Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures. 2003. Milton.London 1996. software packages.6th Ed.5. processing hardware. Rutledge. Courter. Marquis A.. 6. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion. Configurations. Course Outlines Definition. computer programs and basic applications. system software. physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry. Hardware: Input Hardware. internet.H.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure .C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components. Software: Application software.. as are their effects on the biosphere. K. Local Area Network. Introduction to MS-Word. After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry. 2.BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment.1999. Ed. Types and classification of computers.
. 2008. Ibanez. Conversion of mass. COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter.S. Turbulent diffusion. DoriaSerrano. Radioactivity and nuclear physics. Banerji Prentice Hall of India. Electromagnetic radiation. P.T.. Brimblecombe. 2nd Edition. and Reid. Liss. Jickells. Environmental Science..E. 5. Andrews. photosynthesis. Fregoso-Infante.J.Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry. UK. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants. 2004. Liquids and Gasses. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. their sources and toxic actions. Samir. C. Sound and Noise. USA. P. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light. its causes and adverse effects on environment. M. and Singh. Turbulence.. Environmental Chemistry. 4. Solar spectrum. M. T. Energy. India. Fate of pollutants in environment. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. Turbulent jets and plumes. Active control of sound..G. Human perceptions and noise criteria.. J. 2. Germany. Recommended Books: 1. 2005. interaction of light with matter. Canada. G. Nuclear energy.E. Transport of pollutants. Measurement and comparison of the 22 . Jones and Barlett..D.. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer. Solids. 3. Miller. 1st Edition. Global climate and climatic change. Environmental Chemistry. Basic acoustics. Chemical reactions. Isotopes and radioactive decay. A. Fundamentals of aquatic. trophic level. Ozone chemistry. Girard. J. 1999. Energy conversion. Heat radiation and heat transfer. Springer. Thomson-Brooks. Hernandez-Esparza. Gaussian plumes in the air. Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light. atmospheric and soil chemistry.. K. 2004.M. Particle physics. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts.. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems. J. Reducing the transmission of sound. Diffusion. Entropy. Environmental impact of various industries. Equations of fluid dynamics. Blackwell Science. Ozone and UV light. B..
J. 3. Environmental economics. and Pandis. and Van Grondelle. Yusuf. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. 2. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. Environmental Physics. 23 . Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. Smith.Economic development. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. 2008. Recommended Books: 1. R. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter. Measures for sustainable development. Boeker. Man environmental relationship. 2001. UK. interaction between ecology and economic management. Impact of economic activity on environment. M. World Bank Publications. John Wiley and Sons Inc.1998. Growth and Environment. Course Outlines Introduction to economics. Guyot. Growth and development. Praxis publishing. Routledge. Seinfeld. Physics of the Environment and Climate. USA. USA. P. 7th Ed. concepts and measurement. economic growth and its measurement. poverty. John Wiley and Sons Inc. N. 2001. economic growth. Sustainable development. 4. Wesely Publishers. 2008. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. Todaro. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development.. Pakistan economic context: National income. USA. 2. E. Economic Development. Introductory Environmental Physics. population and environmental quality. producer and community point of view. Kentucky USA. C. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. and Resource allocation. G. USA.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. Field visit. Natural resources and the economy. H. Economic management and environmental quality. economic progress. S. Recommended Books: 1. S. economic welfare and difference among all. 2006. COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. Economic functions of environment. New York. Producer behavior. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods.
The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy. community and ecosystem. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. Ecosystem and its types. 2008. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy. description of population.. Frodeman. temperature. Economics.. USA. COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure . LLC. Shogren. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy. 2002. levels of ecological organization. Farmington Hills. branches of ecology. England. ethics and ecology. 3. N. the ethics of soil. C. J. concepts and approaches. 2.V. 4.. water. community. & Pierce. D. A History of Western Philosophy. soil. Callicott. Swift. DeVeer. 2008. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale. WCIV7AA. USA. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. Portland 1967. Recommended Books: 1. B. Introduction to ethical theory.A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems. World Bank Publications. 4. population. Course Outlines Introduction. Russell. International Thomson Publishing. B. species. Hanley. J. Touchstone Books. Ecology.. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice.A. Natural philosophy. World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. Environmental philosophy and ethics. SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology. 2009. Palgrave Macmillan. R. B.3. London. biogeography. and White. M. role of light. 2007. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. 24 . its fundamental concepts. and systems ecology. Environmental Critics of agriculture. Kessinger Publishing.
W. After completion of this course. 5th Ed. M C J 1st ed. Ecology (concepts and applications. 2000. aero-microbiology and food microbiology. G. and S. Tata McGraw-Hill. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea. 1st Ed. WCB/McGraw-Hill. students will be able to understand the significance. New York. bacteria and eukarya. Fundamentals of Ecology. N. J. agricultural and industrial ecosystems. aquatic microbiology. 2001 5. Ecology (principles and applications). 3. Biogeochemical cycles of C. Cambridge University Press.topography and air as ecological factors. biotic factors. C. Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. 1992. plant geography and animal distribution. community dynamics. Population distribution and abundance. B. Systems ecology. Concepts of Limiting factors. M J. ecological modeling. 6th Ed. Biomes of the world. 2004. E P. Odum. with special emphasis on their environmental impact. J. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. landscape changes and their importance. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. 1999 4. distribution limits. UK. Ecosystem: structure and function. various concepts of community. Microbiology of terrestrial environments. Thomson Brooks/Cole. habitat and niche. Dash. characteristics of urban. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. UK. P.) Moles. COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment. Chapman. 2. Recommended Books 1.Cox. Populations. population dynamics. and More. and Barett. productivity of different ecosystems. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems. Fundamentals of Ecology. landscape ecology.L and Reiss. C. role and application of microorganisms in the environment. Microbial metabolism. New Delhi. Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. Lab Work 25 . M. King’s College London.
2. Washington DC. 2005. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution. Hartel. 2005. 3. 2 Edition. (Elsevier) USA.K. Harley. Dilution plate technique. and Gerba. and Klein. Peiece. W. Academic Press. Types of Environmental pollution: Air. Prescott. D.. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water. R. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution.J. A. Environmental Microbiology. Effects of Pollutants.L.. Recommended Books 1.. Maier. Cambridge University Press. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines. American Society for Microbiology.J. Marine & Industrial pollution. 26 .P. McGraw Hill Inc. and Stetzenbach. 2002. transportation & treatments. USA. P.and Brendecke.A.L. Sylvia. Crawford.. Mean plate count.. Soil.F.1998.A. USA.B. and Zuberer. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic.. Cambridge UK.J. Pollution Control Strategies..M.V. USA. Environmental Pollution and Control. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution. Microbiology. Pepper. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal.C. Knudsen.. Academic Press.A. Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents.M.. L.P. Recommended Books: 1. purification and preservation. Human & other living organisms. Prentice Hall. McInernery. I. C. Water. Collection. UK. 2009. peppor. J.J. London. 3. Solid Waste generation.M. International Protocols (BASAL Convention). 2nd Edition. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel. Academic Press. G. 1995. Noise. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally. Fuhrmann.. New Jersey. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual.Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection. Manual of Environmental Microbiology. Understanding Environmental Pollution.. J.D.R. its sources and their effects. 2. Case Studies. and Jeffery. M. D. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology. Hurrst. Fate of Environmental Pollutants. M. 5. L. Hill. P.G.Gerba.I.W. C. USA.. 4th Edition.P. 2007.L. Weiner. R. 2005. USA.J. J. F. nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution. D. Butterworth-Heinemann. isolation. 4..and Vesilaind.
N. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . Heat and the Earth's atmosphere.2nd Editions. The Atmosphere. Lawrance K. Karachi. Weather and Climate. processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. Solar radiations. Pandis.F. The Physics of Atmospheres. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications. COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems. Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere. 1988.K. Royal book company. Marcel Dekkar.E.. air pressure. concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. Factors affecting air Pressure. Four Spheres of the Earth.From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. Austin Miller. Shamshad. John Wiley and Sons. K.M. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere. Cambridge University Press. 27 . Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History. The Hydrologic cycle. COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences. global circulation. Houghton J. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment. condensation and cloud Formation. Methods of psychology. Climatology.. 2002.4. 2. 2006 5. Cloud Classification.. Radiation and climate. climatic zones of Pakistan. 1992. The climate of Pakistan. The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan. Recommended Books: 1. 5.W. A brief historical background and schools of psychology. 3. 6th Edition. A. . American Public Health Association (APHA). Sadder. Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided. Spyros. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. Mechanism of heat transfer. Lutgens. local winds. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology. Tarbuck. 4. John H. Surface winds. Environmental psychology.J. 2003..
London. High population density and psychological impacts. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. Restoration of derelict lands. Eysenck. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture. soil salinity and water logging. Soil as a natural resource. soil resources of Pakistan. Bell. M. Background and scope. their management and ecological restoration. Recommended Books: 1.. energy and carbon balance. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. Water and distribution of species. species response to pollutants. Future water scenario of Pakistan. Routledge. and Baum A. Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. techniques and methods of restoration. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species. Ecological restoration.characteristics and research methods. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Water as an ecological resource. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan. 2001. soil erosion and conservation. rivers. Course Outline Introduction. T. 28 . Fundamental of Psychology. limitation of irrigated agriculture. Environmental perception and cognition.. sustainable agriculture. Greene. concepts. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. Sustainable livestock management practices. carbon dioxide and global climate change. CRC Press. solar radiation and primary production. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives. 5th Edition.C.D. threats and mitigation. Fisher J. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change. London. Ecology of food production.W. 2. COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. Sustainable agricultural practices. 1992. Environmental Psychology. P.A. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. Routledge. Pollution control through Ecology. CRC Press. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher.
1989. Blackwell Scientific Publications. Chemical interactions and their types. dose response relationship in living organisms. biological effects. 2000 2. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications. Potentiation and Addition. Shirkat Gah. Synergism. Rashid. G. toxins vs toxicants.I. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic. Thomson Brooks/Cole. Mumtaz. in vivo & in vitro assays. COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals. Island Press. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals. Studies in Pakistan Geography. Determination of Interaction of chemicals. Soil Science. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents. Peshawar. terminologies: Poisons. toxins & toxicants. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms. toxicology of chemicals. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. Toxicity: Types and its measurement. University of Peshawar.. J. Margaret A.P. and Memon. J. A. B.W. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. 29 . Pakistan’s Environment. K and Habib.1998. R. Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. water and soil. P. 2006..National Book Foundation. 5. Zedler. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. Lahore. 2004. toxicity screening using microbial systems. 4. on human and other living organisms. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. Immunological considerations in toxicology. A. Organs. and Hobbs. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water. Fundamentals of Ecology. 2nd ed. soil and air samples. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system. USA. from natural and anthropogenic sources. 3. Determination of chemicals in biological samples. their containment and control strategies. Oxford. and Barett. 1996. Odum E. K. E.S. 5th Edition. Newman.A. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. Islamabad.. Foundations of Restoration Ecology. Falk.Recommended Books: 1. Israr-ud-Din.. D.
major ecosystems. clean development mechanism. Vol. measuring environmental benefits. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann. industry. 2005 2. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement.Recommended Books 1. McGrawhill. P. the economic benefits of different environmental resources.Science of Poisons . Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. 1st Edition.M. Ecological: ecological zones.1 & 2. education. geography. the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements. the economy and the environment. urbanization and pollution. State of the Environment-Pakistan . Course Outlines Introduction. USA. Environmental Profile of Pakistan. people. W. Macmillan Press Ltd. COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development. Ballantyne. M. T and Turner. USA. Government of Pakistan. 3. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York. land.. Hughes. Recommended Books 1. Recommended Books: 30 . B. CRC Press Llc. 5th Edition. 3. 1993.). 1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development. (ed. health. international trade and the environment. Course Outlines Introduction to history. First and Second law of Thermodynamics. General and Applied Toxicology. 1992. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis. Williams. Economic: agriculture. Klassen. economic aspects of different environmental problems. water resources.2005 2. pollution control-a general model.D. W. economic development and the environment. topographic zones. 1st Edition. culture. 1996. USA.
2003. 1999. and Batemen. Titrimetery. Sample preservation methods. COD.2004.. Skoog.UK. Gravimetery.J. Freeman & Co. 6th Edition. J. Qualitative Chemical Analysis.I. 1993. 2005. All Solids. Kolstad.R. New York. 31 . Lab Work S.A. Conductivitymetry. Data interpretation for quality control. 8th Edition. 2. NO3–N & NH4-N). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater.. Recommended Books: 1. Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory. Fluoride.K. Australia. Conductivitymetry.C. 4. Gravimetery. 3. Sample collection. Peverill. CSIRO Publ.I. Pearce. M. 3. Oxford University Press. Holler. D.D. soil (NPK and organic matter contents.. Collingwood. Standard solutions and standard curves. A.. Biomarkers in environmental assessment. Use of Potentiometery.. Spectroscopy and Chromatography. Field. preparation and storage. D. Oxford.L. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling. I. Environmental Economics.1. Sparrow and D. USA. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association). D. C.. D. L. Titrimetery.W. BOD. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples.2002. B. Thomson and Brooks. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin. precision and accuracy. handling. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve. and F. Johns Hopkins University Press. Environmental Economics: An Introduction. Harris. C. M. Reuter. K. Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH. 2. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual. West. 2000. Analytical techniques for soil. COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction. water and plant analysis. units.and Field. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery.K. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive. and derived S. salinity & sodicity). Turner.
JohnWiley and Sons Ltd. 2005. students will be able to understand the significance. (ed. National Biosafety Guidelines. J.1999.. Bioreactors.P. 2nd Ed. Biomarkers. Oxford University Press. Derbre.). Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems. Germany. USA.E. D. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms. Introduction to microbial kinetics. Recommended Books 1.. 2005. 2001. Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants. W. National Biotechnology Commission. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns. and Russel. Course Outlines Introduction. New York. After completion of this course. COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 . Isolation. Biotechnology. and application of biotechnology in the environment. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. USA. Biosensor.D. Government of Pakistan. Tools in environmental biotechnology. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques. 5th Ed. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. USA. Chichoster. A. purification and preservation of DNA. Smith. 2009. England. J. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment. 2. J. Scragg.living organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution. 4.W. New York. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures. Sambrook. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. Environmental Biotechnology.COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments. Cambridge University Press. Hans- Joachim. 3. Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques. 2007. Wiley-VCH Verlag. PCR. and Josef. Recombinant DNA technology.
Fishery and wildlife. advantages and limitations of process. Cartography. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. 3. Active and Passive remote sensing. Interpretation. Rancez. Introduction to Photogrammetry. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. integration of information from many sources. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. Image Processing. Campbell. Forestry. Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. eradication of the duplicated data. John Wiley and Sons. Energy Sources. Harvey. 2000. Mc Graw Hill Education. 2. F. 4. Pearsons Education. map projection and coordinate systems. History and data collection. Aerial photography. Types of data used in GIS. Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. 2000. 5. Inc. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. analysis and output.Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission. 2008. Lulla. Satellite Imageries. Inc. K and L. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1. Z. John Wiley and Sons. COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . Data entry and output. history and platforms. A. R. Different types of maps. Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. 1999. 2009. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). Preparation of thematic maps. Jensen. Using and reading GPS in field. A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. Agriculture. Introduction to GIS. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. Data acquisition. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. Inc. Guilfoud press New York. V. Dessinov.
need and approach. Khan. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management. B. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. M. Course Outlines Introduction. alpha and beta diversity. Sheldon. and Yoxon.2nd Ed.C.). ecological.. 2005. A.This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits. economic. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). threats to biodiversity.. animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. American Society for Quality. International Organization for Standardization. eco-design. WWF Pakistan. hot spots of biodiversity. threats to biodiversity and its conservation. cleaner technologies. etc. philosophical. and Qasim. American Society for Quality. 2006. standards and guidelines. Environmental aspects and impacts. Conservation of biodiversity. Certification of EMS. 3. types of biodiversity. Environmental Economy. Environment and sustainable development.. 2.3rd Edition . 1998. principles of Cleaner production. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. Systems and Support Techniques. 2001. Michigan. plant. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS). social and ethical values of biodiversity. M. Related Environmental legislation. 34 . Environmental Management Systems Principles. 4. Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles. Environmental Management tools. Methods of environmental protection. F. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1. COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor.
international agreements. Considerations. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques. Legal protection of species. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing. quality assessment. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. Sinauer. design and types of samples. 35 . role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. refrigeration and freezing methods. 3. Course Outlines Introduction. ecotourism. croplands. habitats. in-situ and ex-situ conservation. Quality assurance and quality control.. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples. sampling and design purposes.. cities. Cox. soil and living organisms. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. C. 2000. 2000. Kings College. Lahore). Preservation methods including pH control.conservation at species. management. 2ndEd. Lab Work Sampling techniques (air. chemical addition. community and ecosystem level.. population. Mirza. P.D. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring. Biogeography. London. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan. conservation strategies. EIA requirement. presampling requirements/information. their categories. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring. laboratory custody. Publ. plants. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. Recommended Books: 1. NOC for plant operation. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora. role of traditional knowledge in conservation. Rawalpindi. national and international laws and regulations. quality control sampling. field custody. conservation in man-made ecosystems. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment. and Morre. forests. Sunderland. conservation and livelihood.R. Z.e. Saad Printers. Associates Inc. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme. 2. water.B. P. Conservation of wildlife.B. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i. A Primer for Conservation Biology. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan. Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures. 1998.B. protected areas. air.
its causes and effects. Environmental Chemistry. USA. (eds. 2000. Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts. Manahan. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data.USA. altered community structure. 2002. I. Burden. extinctions. The Measurement of Climate Change. E. Recent Climate Change Indicators. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course. Lewis Publisher London.Recommended Books: 1. Precipitation. Human responses to potential climate change. UK. Earth Observation of Global Change. 8. F. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. H. S. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide. L. regional. Chuviero. (ed) Springer. 6. 2nd Edition. Air Pollution and Acid Rain. 7. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. Patterns in Winds and Pressure. Remote Sensing Note. 2008.1999. Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate.. McKlivie. .1996. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention. USA. Peakall. D. Japan Association on Remote Sensing. Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change. R. 3. Keith. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. Ozone depletion. New York. 5. N. USA. 2008. Korte. Chapman and Hall. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. human health. D. 2002. E. biological.. Physical. agriculture. COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change. and social factors contributing to climate and global change. 2. Regional droughts and 36 . Forstner U. phenological changes. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. S. and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change. Energy and Temperature. and Guethner. chemical. 1992. Murai.) McGraw-Hill. Moisture in the Atmosphere. Tokyo.
liquid. A. Effects. 2003. Islamabad. Glasson. Effects.Causes. Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2). Main stages in EIA process. Petts. EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan. 2. reporting.(ed). screening.. mitigation and impact management. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels.. 4. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. social impact assessment (SIA). 6. J. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems. Recommended Books: 1... (ed. D. 5. scoping. Recommended Books: 1. National Book Foundation. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. R. Cost and benefits of EIA. principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. Routledge.. Hardy. A. 1986. Hardy.Causes. J.).A. 2005. London. review of EIA quality.cataclysmic climate change. and Chadwick. Global Change and the earth system. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan. 3. overview. T. and Solutions. public involvement. Climate Change . COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project. Therivel. J. & Nixon. Blackwell. EIA project management. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice. Climate Change . solids. London. 2000. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. and noise. J. 1994. law. impact analysis. John Wiley & Sons. Types & Resources to produce Energy. Harrop. Houghton.O. Earthscan Publication Ltd. 2004. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. and Solutions. Sringer. 2. decision-making to implement the project. J. role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis.. Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems. Islamabad. Oxford. 2005. 1st Edition. 3. 1999. Keith.. 2003. John Wiley & Sons. 37 . Global Warming and Climate Change. and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction. project implementation and follow up. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts. Ministry of Housing and Works. 4.T. 2005.
Conservation in Progress. Ludwig. & McCabe. H. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. 1997. John Willey & Sons. Lohani. solar power. wildlife census. threat and its causes. limitation in the future. management options. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. occurrence and distribution of natural resources. Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. threats. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. (ed. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. best available option for future... COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification. requirement. 2nd Edition.5. Types. Recommended Books: 1. M. and Tu. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan. agriculture chemicals... process and contents of the management plan. national example. United Nations Environment Programme. their pros and cons. A. Carpenter. Everitt. S. Sadler. national and provincial legislation.B and Warren. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia...). EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual. Watershed management: Importance basic principles. 6. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. problem in agriculture.. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area. causes and methods for its improvement. F. agriculture products and their share in GDP. Rangeland Management: existing status. Development of Management Plan: needs. importance. wind power and nuclear power. 2002. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy. effective management. management options. B. USA. forest types and its existing management. New York. Evans. Goldsmith. their current status and threats. 1993. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level. existing management approaches. Asian Development Bank. 38 . Water Resources Management: Available waters resources. methodologies. R. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources. R. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies. B. J. national agriculture policy. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level.
Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison). Bibliography. USA. Sampling: the logic of sampling. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. 39 . Case Studies. Research Proposal: its importance . Scientific Research: Science. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically.E. GOP and IUCN. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design. R. Objectives. 4. V. London. 1990. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. New York. S. and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research. 1992. 1984. How to put things together? Introduction.Amsterdam. 2007. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods. Review of Literature. research methods.2.L. W. Questionnaire. Surveys. Scientific Methods. to introduce students to research design. J.F. Experimental Research. Elsevier. Sage CA. 3.. 5. Review of Literature. Dasmann. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem. P. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice.1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study. Research Design & Research Methods. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data.E. Methodology. Material Methods. Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf. Interviews. Thousand Oaks. concepts and terminologies. Islamabad. and Jorqensen. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. John Wiley & Sons. Environmental Conservation. types of sampling design/. Creswell. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1. population and sampling frames. Inference based on findings. Selecting the Research Method. Search Engines.A pre-requisite for Research. Literature Search: Database. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Hansen. & Plano Clark.
Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation.Batty. 2001 and the rules of business made there under. 5. Students project in Environmental Science. John and sons Ltd. Recommended Books: 1. Wadsworth Publishing Company.. SNBP Local Government Ordinance. 2003. Law Books House. 2008.2. Univ. 2000. Babbie. Writing Science Through Critical Thinking. Sage Publishers. Survey Research Methods. USA. 1997. 2. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 . Robert Yin. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development. Marilyn F. USA. Government of Pakistan 3.h. National Conservation Strategy 5. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act. 1989.. and Arhonditsis.S. Qadar. of Chicago Press. Booth. 6. 2001.Harrad. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan. regulations made there under. Chichester.USA. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules. 4. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan. Diamon. Moriarty. R. 3. The Craft of Research by Wayne C. G. England. E. 2003.. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance. 2nd Edition. 3rd Edition. 1997. M. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. S.. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Belmont California. National Environmental Policy 4.
This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45
POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46
RESEARCH PROJECT/ INTERNSHIP
E-I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY
To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,
5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.
2003. 1993. improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency. Lahore. Briscoe. water supply and demand management measures. SDPI Oxford University Press.). N. J. flood and drought management. with drinking water facilities like springs. Ahmed. it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects. Oxford University Press Karachi. Recommended Books: 1. climate change and its impacts on our future water resources. R. Cheema. R. wetlands resources management. Khan.. Bengali. flood and droughts. A.... pollution aspects. integrated water resources management (IWRM). Mirajuddin Publication . 3. Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant.). Indus Water Accord 1991. Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. Revised & enlarged edition. U. Islamabad. Ahmed. and Tortajada. O. fisheries management.E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan. Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization. 2006. Islamabad. A. Asia Printer. (ed. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan.. P. 44 . tubewells.Varis. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment. and Qamar. Pakistan . Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia. 6. K. Pakistan.1993. groundwater exploitation. Mirajuddin Publication . The Politics of Managing Water. recycling and re-use of wastewater. 2005.. 5.K. hydrological cycle. like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. 2006. water quality and quantity aspects. (eds. 4. Oxford University Press New Delhi. Biswas. Groundwater Resources of Pakistan. C. Course Outlines Water resource and its management. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry.Lahore.. Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT). precipitation distribution in Pakistan. virtual water. watershed/catchment. A. 2. I. water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan. and Malik. N.
Forms of urbanization. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. Definition. CA. urban patterns and ecosystem functions. hydrological processes. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes.W. soils. Cation and anion exchange. residential mobility and the neighborhood change. management and green productivity.R. USA. Soil buffering capacity and its importance. transport. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. humans as components of urban ecosystems. the salient features of urban environments. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. Course Outlines Introduction. and Weil. E. Brady. urbanization in Pakistan. After completion of this course. Soil Science. 11th Edition. Process and outcome. Factors and processes of soil formation. Causes of urbanization. Academic Press. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization. future of urban centers. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations. Pakistan. Islamabad.E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. D. 1996. 2008. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. USA. Physical and chemical properties of soil. urban settlements.C. San Diego. D. 2007. 2007. Prentice Hall. urban flora and fauna. Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils. Types and properties of parent materials.. Soil degradation. and Bantel. Urbanization.. urban landscapes characteristics. Course Outlines Introduction. Upper Saddle River. USA. 45 . National Book Foundation. R. R. PrenticeHall. Miller.T. NJ. Soil forming minerals. Bashir. Soils in Our Environment. Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. R. Urban ecosystem. Hillel. Gardiner. N. urban political ecology. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. NJ. 1. Upper Saddle River.
Recommended Books: 1. 2. Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments. Chapman and Hall. Hague. Ward.1990.. Planning theories and concepts. Hough. Hejny. 2. C. 2004. Justification for planning for city management.L. H. 46 . London. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level. Aims and Objectives of planning. Planning and Urban Change. City Design for Sustainable Development. CRC Press LLC.. J. SBS academic publishing. E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. The Ecology of Urban Habitats. S. New trends in planning and city management.S.and Kowaril. Routledge. The planning process. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. V. 2009. 1. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. Scope. A. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation. 1989. UK. S. 5. O.. Types of Urban Plans. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans. 2007.. 4. UK. London. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems. UR. 2004. 2006. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability. Elements of urban planning.Recommended Books: Urban Ecology. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area. UK. nature and purpose of urban planning. Land use planning theories. Silberstein. D. USA. nd 2 Edition. New York.. 3. USA. Springer. Levels of planning. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city. Principles of planning. M. SAGE Publications Ltd. Sukopp. Penguin Group. 2000. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. Alberti. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. I. Routledge. M. Gilbert.and Maser. The Works: Anatomy of a City. Smith. Planning and its relationship with other professions. Kate.
Cultural factors. 1993. 47 .3. Landslide. New York.W. Manila. Flooding. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies. Physical factors. 1993. 4. Natural cycles and their role. Ministry of Housing and Works. Chapman & Hall. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures. and White G.J. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development.. E&UA Div. H. 2nd Edition. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N. i. It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation.W. Government of Pakistan. Socio-economic factors. ADB. Disaster as an opportunity for development. The Guilford Press. 4.B. International phenomenon. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms. New York. Techniques and methods to assess hazard. Different approaches and Indicators.. Earthquake Management. Earthquake. Prediction. Paris. Introducing Town Planning. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization. Boulder . Disaster Management Trainings and Policies.. 1991. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches. Natural Disasters Alexander. 2. 1986..UNESCO. D. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors. G. It discusses a wide range of aspects.. Islamabad. Longman Group. Role of Media in Disaster Management. Disaster Management: Components of management.. Hazards. 1989. R. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies. 3. Westview Press. 1993. Kates. M. Flood Management: Organizational Role. and Woodrow.. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum. UK. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters.. P. Political factors. The Environment as Hazard Burton I. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs).F.e. Clara. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made. Recommended Books: 1. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies.
Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem. 48 . Disasters and Development Cuny.. Westport. Botkin. Perry R. Course Outlines Energy-development and environment.W. and Yonavjak. OECD/IEA. 2007. Quorum Books. energy resources. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America.L. primary producers. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation. biomass resources. environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. John Wiley and Sons.C. L. 2007.M. Biotic structure. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. 1984. Consumer and producer relationship. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life.. Paris. uses. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources. Ecological concept in crop and food production. hydropower. local. and Mushkatel. 6. sustainable energy management.. consumers. McKinney.H.5. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals. 1. Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. Agroecology. R. D. energy resources of Pakistan. USA. 3. F. 6th Edition. decomposers. New York. Phytoremediation and bioremediation. 2001. 2. 1983. A. E. Sustainable livestock management. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan.A. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources. M. Deforestation for agricultural purposes. alternate energy resources. merits and demerits of wind. types. solar. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems. Farming practices for pests and weeds control. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers. 4th Edition. Schoch. E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment.B and Keller.
E-11 Seminar 49 . USA. Kapur. CBS Publishers and Distributors. Experimental Plant Ecology.H.Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram. McGraw Hill Publishing Company.Determination of density and abundance of plant species.M. 2.. Altreri. Yandermeer J. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity. M. 2000. and Rossel. India. 1995.R. 1990. 3. Boulder. Westview Press. USA. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species. Agrocology. R. New Delhi.A. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity. New York. Study of stratification and profile diagram. Recommended Books: 1. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species. C.P. and Sudha. Study of index of diversity. Corol. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture. P.G.
availability of the faculty and other facilities. The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions. the Committee agreed on the following principles. 50 . The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines. The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization. it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor. 3. 4.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme. The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. that: 1. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science. 5. 2. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work.
Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 17. 10. 7. 10. 2. 21. 26. 20. 7. 11. 22. 25. 3. 9. Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. 13. 2. 19. 24. 5. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. 11. 14. 6. The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. 12.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1. 8. 23. 16. 12. 9. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 . 8. 4. 3. 4. 18. 5. 6. 15.
. Amsterdam.E.F. 1991.1994. Provincial and Local Strategies. Oxford University Press. COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management. Environmental control Policies. 3. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan. Hansen. Islamabad. Regional and International Environmental Issues. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences. Conventions and Protocols in Global. 2. Money.1995. Relationship of culture. 2nd Edition.. Conservation Strategies. P. Hodder and Stoughton. Carrying capacity and sustainable development. 1987.1991.E. S. London. Draft National Environmental Policy. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. Ball. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling. NCS. Khan K. development of concepts.T. Karachi.S. FURTHER READINGS 1.DETAILS OF M. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan. 3. Geography of Pakistan. 4. Environment People and Economy.. D. WCS.1994. Mackenzie J. 52 . 2. London Black Stone Press Ltd. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall. Elsevier. Oxford University Press. and Jorqensen. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management. GOP and IUCN. S. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan. technology and resource use. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment.. Mackenzie. 1992. Treaties. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. status of Terrestrial. Recommended Books: 1. F. S. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space..A. and Bell. Instruments and methods.
Vanclay. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. Chichester. Recommended Books: 1. Wastewater. Assessment of environmental impacts. DC. opportunities and issues.. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). World Bank. A.A. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. Ministry of Environment. F & Bronstein. social impact assessment. Environmental and Social Impact assessment. John Wiley & Sons. Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Washington. ecological impact assessment. Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. Environment Department. 2. Longman Scientific and Technical. Demographic impact assessment. Environmental Chemical Analysis. Principles of physical. 53 . Cost benefit analysis of projects. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. WB. 2. Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment. Gas Chromatography etc. Harlow Essex. History. sampling rules. Case Studies and review. UK. ed. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. Sectoral guidelines for EIA. Ahmed. COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. D. C. Air and Solid Waste. Government of Pakistan. procedures and methods of EIA. 1995. economic impact assessment. role and importance. Environmental auditing. FURTHER READINGS 1. process. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants. Burnt Hill. 1995. 3. 1993. Longman House. sample collection and preservation. Wood. Ed. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery. Recommended Books: 1.COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. A one Publishers Lahore. England. K. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements.
Oxford University Press New York. Project Planning and Approval Processes. R. 1997. Primary health care services. Lippmann. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic. S. T. MS Project Recommended Books: 1. 1992. work breakdown structure. food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. J.. K. Resource Mobilization. feasibility study. Park. safety techniques. Need identification. 2001. Inc. Reasons for Project success or failure. Basic Environmental Health. Kjelllström. Project Life Cycle. air borne. principles and practices. Accident prevention and safety plans. outputs. 1993. 2. L. Prentice Hall International Inc. 1st Ed. USA.. 1st Ed.. economic evaluation. Public health concept. B. Project Initiation. activities. and Guidotti. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. 54 . J. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). prevention and control. means of verification. assumptions.. 5. UK.. Caeneross. T. 4. Van Nostrand and Reinhold. 2002. Nebel. specific objectives. Planning Commission Performas. London. 3. 1998. Project Management: A Managerial Approach. Environmental Health Engineering. Meredith J. 2nd Ed. de Kok. Recommended Books: 1. T. 1st ed. A. 2. Mantel s. T. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. M/S Banarsid. A Guide to Project Management. COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems.COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project. development objectives. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. and Wright. John Wiley and Sons. New York. indicators. Government Policies and Programs. Wiley Interscience.2000. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. R. USA. Project Management Institute.. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne. Writing Project Proposal... M.. Yassi. Defining Project objectives. inputs. Ergonomic and Safety. Project Planning. Occupational Health: problems and issues.
Principles of cleaner production.B and Keller. 6th Edition. Recommended Books: 1. 1998. and Yonavjak. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms. Recommended Books: 1. McKinney. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. sustainable energy management for agriculture. ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management. 1990b. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. principles and elements of the process of EMS. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor. 4th Edition. energy resources of Pakistan. USA.. L.M. Schoch. John Wiley and Sons. merits and demerits of wind. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. Switzerland. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. gas. E. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. M. 55 . energy resources. Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. transport. industry and domestic sectors. St Luise Press. 3. 4. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. Botkin. uses. Michigan-January 2001. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. R. Related Environmental regulations. nuclear) local. 2. Environmental auditing. 2007. Paris. OECD/IEA. hydropower. D. solar. types.COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. Paris. 2. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. Environmental Auditing. D. alternate energy resources.L. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal. non-renewable and renewable. petroleum. bio-energy resources. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). Sayre. 2007. ISO Central Secretariat. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Sources of data. data collection and interpretation. 2001.A. 3.
2. management and restoration. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants.Causes.Causes. water resources. Maarel. and Solutions. ED. etc. Shulze. vegetation dynamics. Earthscan Publication Ltd. Climate Change . E. UK. Recommended Books: 1. Vegetation Ecology Ed. global aspects of plant ecology. Species richness. Chichester. 2005. John Wiley & Sons. forests. J. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. Springer. Life history strategies of plants. competition and coexistence. Effects. E & Muller-Hohenstein. Recommended Books: 1. Blackwell Publishing.T. 2. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. 1. Warrick. 2003. UK 1991. Hardy. (Ed. Green House Gases. John Wiley & Sons. Beck. Houghton. J. survival and extinction. geographical and temporal patterns. 4. resources and plants. Climate Change and Ecosystems. COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. Hardy. ECOPE 29. & Charlesworth. climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. Effects. 2005. B & Jager. 2003. plant conservation. D. 5.COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. D. plant invasions. K.. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics. types of climate change models. 1st Edition. types and their climatic effects. Plant Ecology.D. Climate change and food production. 2005.. J. John Wiley & Sons. T. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Climate Change .). Oxford UK. Plant population dynamics. Introduction to Plant Population Biology. Berlin. Silvertown. London. The Green House Effect. 2005. and Solutions. human activities and vegetation dynamics. 2004. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. 3. Oxford. Modeling of climate change. 3. Blackwell Publishing. 56 .
threats and conservation. Rangeland management. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity. Oxford University Press.) Gaston. Oxford.(2nd Ed. distribution and management.J. 5. Roberts. Mcmillan. kinds. And Bolen. Blackwell Publsihing. Forests. distribution. Forest plantations. B. habitats and ecosystems. 1998. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan. 1992. Oxford. & Spicer. T. Wildlife Ecology and Management. its causes. Robinson. Consumptive. 2004. types. T. 3. S. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management. deforestation and its control. R. 2002. their importance. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol.B. J.D. UK. Status of forests in Pakistan. W. Participatory forest management.J. Cambridge. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. Cambridge. distribution. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation.J.J. Publishers Sunderland. J. Establishment and management of protected areas. problems and solutions. Extinction of species. Principles of Wildlife Management. Sinauer Assocaites. USA. Cambridge University Press. Recommended Books: 1. Threatened animals and plants. their types and role in conservation. Wildlife of Pakistan. Weddell. their ecological and economic importance. Essentials of Conservation Biology. 4.L.A. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. Protected areas in Pakistan. Protection and restoration of species. Oxford. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali. types. Recommended Books: 1. 3. 2002. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. Loss of biodiversity. & Ripley. UK. S. K. Conserving Living Natural Resources. Sustainable forest management. Wetlands. FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. 1984. COURSE 11 WILDLIFE. 1973 2. management. Oxford University Press. Oxford University Press. Bailey. 57 . Global and national biodiversity. I). 2. Protected areas.G. John Wiley And Sons. London. Biodiversity: An introduction. Inc. 1986. II). E. Roberts. Primack.COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction. status. biological diversity.
Ward. J. UK. UK. Ministry of Housing and Works. Environmental problems of urban life. H. New York. future of urban centers. urban systems and their characteristics.COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. Sustainable cities. Silberstein. urbanization in Pakistan. Forms of urbanization. S. Kate. urban landscape characteristics. G. Urban land use planning and management. Introducing Town Planning. A.. Planning and Urban Change. 4. Penguin Group. sanitation. Longman Group. urban political ecology. V. 2. Islamabad. 1993. USA.. CRC Press LLC. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development.. Government of Pakistan. USA. London. Clara. Urban planning and management in Pakistan. 2000. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages. drinking water and solid waste in cities. E&UA Div. C. Recommended Books: 1. 58 .and Maser. 2007. 1986.. management of transport. 3. SAGE Publications Ltd. The Works: Anatomy of a City. 2004.
active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure.V. a) Functional English Grammar 1.A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1. Exercises 1. Martinet. Thomson and A.J. ISBN 0194313492 59 .Annexure . Practical English Grammar by A. Oxford University Press. Third edition. 1997.
Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Oxford Supplementary Skills.2. Exercises 2. and speed reading. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. Upper Intermediate. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. Fourth Impression 1993. 1997. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. Reading/Comprehension 1. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. b) Practical English Grammar by A. Oxford Supplementary Skills. minutes of meetings. Third Impression 1992. Oxford University Press. Reading.J.V. Martinet. Thomson and A. Writing. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. Third edition. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 . unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. intensive and extensive.
Oxford University Press 1986. Oxford Supplementary Skills. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 . ISBN 0 19 453403 0. Advanced. Reading. 2. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Thomson and A. Writing. Exercises 2. Fourth Impression 1993. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). introduction to presentations. Writing. Third Impression 1991. Practical English Grammar by A. Third edition. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos.J. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. b) Writing 1. descriptive and argumentative writing). Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. clarity. Oxford Supplementary Skills. content. Advanced by Ron White.V. Martinet. form. discursive. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. Fourth Impression 1992. Writing. Third Impression 1992. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. language. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. narrative. Oxford Supplementary Skills.1. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. 2. Reading 1.
2. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. 2004. A Custom Publication. descriptive. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. Martin’s Press. argumentative and report writing). b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. Kathleen Shine Cain. St. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. Kirszner and Stephen R. Mandell. without taxing the taste of engineering students). 62 . College Writing Skills by John Langan. Compiled by norther Illinois University. 3.(particularly suitable for discursive.
1994. Karachi: Oxford University Press. 63 Books Recommended 1. b. Indus Civilization ii. Contemporary Pakistan a. Historical Perspective a. contemporary Pakistan. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. State & Society in Pakistan. Zaidi. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. 3. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. 4. 1977-88 e. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis.M. 1999 onward 3. 2.Annexure . Safdar. 2000. Location and geo-physical features.B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. Karachi: Oxford University Press. national development. . Muslim advent iii. 1971-77 d. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Society and social structure c. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. Economic institutions and issues b. Course Outline 1. S. Mehmood. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. Lahore. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki. S. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. 1993. People and Land i. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. 1958-71 c. Shahid Javed. 1947-58 b. 1988-99 f. Ethnicity d. Akbar. politics. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. ideological background of Pakistan. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. 2. Study the process of governance. government.
Islamabad. Zahid. 64 . Aziz. 1967. Vol.The Emergence of Banglades. Wayne. 14. 6. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. II & III. 1980. History & Culture of Sindh. Noor ul. 1987. Khalid Bin. 1993. Ziring. I. Party. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. Ansar. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. 8. Club Road. K. M. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. 1998. Lahore: Vanguard. Safdar. Washington: American Enterprise. Karachi: Royal Book Company. 1972. Rafique. 12. Amin. 1976. Ethno . Pakistan Under Martial Law.National Movement in Pakistan. Haq.5. nd. Wilcox. The Political System of Pakistan. 7. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. 11.. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 10. Afzal. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia. Lawrence. Politics in Pakistan. Institute of Public Policy Research. 13. Political Parties in Pakistan. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. Muhammad Waseem. Sayeed. Mehmood. Enigma of Political Development.K. 1980. 9. Tahir.
A.40.19.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.57.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.6.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.20) Related to thinking.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 .A.Tadabar (Verse No184.108.40.206.A.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.Annexure . 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.
in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt.
Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr.” Hussain Hamid Hassan. Islamabad (2001) 67 . “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. IRI. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. Pakistan. Ahmad Hasan. Bhatia. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute.3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Studies in Islamic Law. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Emergence of Islam” . International Islamic University.S.
determinants. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. 1986. trigonometric identities. functions. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. types of functions. Boston Swokowski EW. system of linear equations. Wooton W. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. set operations. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. 1978. Sharron S. Boston 68 . Cramer’s rule. complex numbers. matrix inverse. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. introduction to sets. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. equations reducible to quadratic equations. PWS-Kent Company.D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. cube roots of unity. geometric progression. types. PWS-Kent Company. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. Beckenback EF. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). not majoring in mathematics. Houghton & Mifflin. College Algebra and Trigonometry. 1987. harmonic progression.Annexure . with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system.
with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. continuity. PWS-Kent Company. various forms of equation of a line. New York Stewart J. change of variables in indefinite integrals. Reading. 1983. integration by parts. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. Ma. Davis S. 1995. differentiation of polynomial. Addison-Wesley. Boston Thomas GB. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. integration by substitution. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. continuous functions. slope of a line. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. parallel and perpendicular lines. Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. 69 . MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). left-hand and right-hand limits. not majoring in mathematics. rational and transcendental functions. USA 3. 2005. Bevens I. Calculus (11th edition). equation of a line. 2005. Finney AR.2. angle between two lines. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. not majoring in mathematics. functions and their graphs. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Calculus (3rd edition). John Wiley. distance between a point and a line. solution of equations involving absolute values. distance between two points. intersection of two lines. Recommended Books: Anton H. derivatives. inequalities.
COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). set operations. Freshman and Company. 1986. Boston Swokowski EW. • Contents 1. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. determinants. types of functions. Conic Sections: Parabola. nature of roots of quadratic equations. locus of a point in various conditions. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. 1969 Kaufmann JE. functions. Cramer’s rule. intersection of lines and circles. system of linear equations. Scott. Boston 4. equations reducible to quadratic equations. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. PWS-Kent Company. 70 . hyperbola. • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. types of matrices. College Algebra and Trigonometry. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. Introduction to sets.Circle: Equation of a circle. 1987. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. ellipse. PWS-Kent Company. Analytic Geometry. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. inverse of matrices. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. circles determined by various conditions.
circle and trigonometric functions. Boston. 4. E. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. E. R. 5. Books Recommended: 1. trigonometric identities. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. Latest Edition. Measures of dispersion: Range. frequency polygon.. Kaufmann.. 3. ungrouped and grouped data. Wilcox. individual. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. R. quartiles. bar frequency diagram histogram. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. standard deviation. 2.. cumulative frequency curve. relationship of statistics with social science. Walpole. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. PWS-Kent Company.geometric and harmonic progressions. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. J. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. deciles and percentiles. R. tally sheet method. types of frequency series. Latest Edition. W.. moments. skewness and kurtosis. array. characteristics of statistics. 71 . variance. discrete and continuous series. E. Latest Edition. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. Graphs: Graph of straight line. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. 2. Prentice Hall. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. Swokowski.
Equation of a Line. Trigonometric Functions. Bevens. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. Rational Functions. Least-Squares Line. implicit differentiation.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. 2005. Contents 1. H. McCallum. substitution method. John Wiley & Sons. Swokowski. Calculus Single and Multivariable. logarithmic integration. reduction formulae. special points of a function. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. 1999. Inequalities. Jhon Willey & Sons. W. 2. Recommended Books: 1. Solution of equations involving absolute values. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. Calculus. Integration by Parts. Calculus. I. applications of integration. quotients. et al. the chain rule. sinusoidal function. Anton. integral inequalities. 6. infinite and improper integrals. S. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. Addison Wesley publishing company. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. Continuous Functions. theorems of differentiation. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. 8th edition. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus. Schaum’s Outline Series. • Integration Integration from first principles. Davis. the inverse of differentiation. Continuity. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. John H. 11th Edition. Elliott Mendelson. Inc. integration by parts. Second Edition 1992. Inc. plane polar coordinates. E. Calculus. 3rd Edition. 2002. integration using partial fractions. Rational and Transcendental Functions. Gleason. 5. 6. Prentice-Hall. 2. 3. 4. and Transcendental Functions. Thomas. Extreme Values of Functions. 1983. Slope of a Line. logarithmic differentiation. Hughes-Hallett. integration by inspection. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. Mathews. Boston. 2005.Jr. products. Leibnitz’ theorem. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . Frank A. 4th edition.
Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. arithmetico-geometric series. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. modulus and argument. multiplication. the difference method. inverses of hyperbolic functions. geometric series. identities of hyperbolic functions. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 . complex conjugate. approximation errors in Taylor series. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. solving hyperbolic equations. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. series involving natural numbers.Additions and subtraction. finding the nth roots of unity. alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities.
line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. centers of mass and centroids. of a unitary matrix. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. scalar triple product. moments of inertia. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. Hermitian. vector product. line to line. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. the inner product. of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 . Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product.5. Pappus’ theorems. masses. point to plane. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. 6. symmetric and antisymmetric. orthogonal. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line.
div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates.8. spherical polar coordinates 75 . Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. divergence of a vector field. curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. combinations of grad. differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field.
Poisson and Normal Distribution. Exercises. Unit 3. bias. Statistical problem. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. Type-I and Type-II errors. acceptance and rejection regions. properties of Good Average. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Significant digits. Presentation of Data Introduction. Probability and Probability Distributions. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Ogive for Discrete Variable. Collection of primary and secondary data. Unit 2. Data. The Mode. Change of origin and scale. The Mean Deviation. Observations. Coefficient of variation.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Moments and Moments ratios. definition of outliers and their detection. Exercises. Range. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Diagrams. Standardized variables. sampling with and without replacement. Editing of Data. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. level of significance. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Graphs and their Construction. Exercises. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Exercises. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Stem and Leaf Display. Types of frequency curves. Median and mode. Errors of measurement. Unit 7. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Different types of Averages. Difference of means and proportions. Absolute and relative measures. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Sources.Annexure . Box and Whisker Plot. Exercises. null and alternative hypothesis. Exercises. Unit 4. Histogram. Historigram. sample design and sampling frame. Pie chart. Discrete and continuous variables. sampling and non sampling errors. Empirical Relation between Mean. probability and non-probability sampling. The semi-Interquartile Range. Rounding of a Number. Population. Test statistics. Unit 5. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. Exercises Unit 6. 76 . Quantiles. Bar charts. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. The Variance and standard deviation. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive.
. Exercises Unit 9.. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. E.Unit 8. 3rd Ed. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. Testing of Hypothesis. R. its estimation and interpretation. 2 Muhammad. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”.Single Population Introduction. Exercises. simple linear regression. Inc. Unit 11. 1982. Correlation. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. 77 . cause and effect relationships. Contingency Tables. Kitab Markaz. Exercises Unit 10. 2005. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. Regression and Correlation Introduction. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. F. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. New York. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples.Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. Coefficient of linear correlation. “Introduction to Statistics”. Macmillan Publishing Co. examples. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole. r and R2. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples.