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For BS MS
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………
6 12 14 50 51
imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge. degree awarding institutions. the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. PROF.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. and 36. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 .PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. D773/76-JEA (cur. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. respective accreditation councils and stake holders. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. Lahore. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses. dated December 4th 1976.). 2009 at the HEC Regional Center. It is. 63. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. It also aimed to give a basic. therefore. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee. The world has turned into a global village. universities and other institutions of higher education. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees.ALTAF ALI G. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration. the Federal Government vide notification No. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. DR. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic. R&D organizations.
Preparation 5 . QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. OF DRAFT BY NCRC REVIEW IMPLE. REC. PREP. R&D. OF CURRI.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRI. Abbreviations Used: NCRC. OF NCRC. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREP. LI R&D HEC Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. EXP. OF FINAL CURRI. UNI. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRI. COL. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI. IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I PREP.
Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. Following attended the meeting:1. Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. Dr. Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr. Member 4. Rawalpindi Dr. Dr. Member 5. Lahore Member 6. 7. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head. April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. Dr. Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. Rawalpindi Dr. Member 3.Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre. Karachi from 28-30. Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall. Member 6 .
13. Dr. Dr. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi. Karachi Member 12. Member 16. Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore. Member 11. Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof. Member 10. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. Member 15. Dr. Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9. Dr. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr. 7 . Prof. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr. Dr. Member 14.8. Prof. Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. Dr. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms.
Islamabad coordinated the meeting. Karachi. the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses. Shafiq-ur-Rehman. Dr. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University. Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. Secretary Dr. Mr. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr. 8 .17. Mr. At first. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. Faisalabad Member 18. The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. Member 19. The meeting was opened by Mr. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. Dr. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement. 1. Director of HEC Regional Center. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. 2. Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. Chairman. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards. Member 20. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah.
These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. 5. The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. 3.3. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment. The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. The committee thanked Mr. 4. 6. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 . environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development. The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities. 2. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities. 1. In last few centuries. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development.
professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today. Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences. regional and global contexts. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 . This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. Apply theoretical understanding. This committee. in its preliminary meeting. 5. Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems. This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. ii. and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems. RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. skills and behaviour patterns.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science.
eight semesters in the semester system. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals. skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes. 4. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration. 5.. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3. Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature. 3. assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science. UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles. A. The medium of instruction. 1. DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee. Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment. The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2. with consensus. 2. pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme. Sc. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science. 6. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English.e. Integrating natural sciences. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i. The 11 . To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level. that: 1.
English-III 18. Environmental Chemistry 15. Climatology* 23. Basic Chemistry* 4. Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. Introduction to Earth Science 8. The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order. Environmental Microbiology 21. English-I 6. Introduction to Environmental Science 2. Psychology* . Introductory Economics* 17. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5. Environmental Physics 16. SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1. English-II 12. Biology –I* 3. Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19. Fundamentals of Ecology 20.proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. Biology –II* 9. Sociology/Anthropology* 11. Environmental Pollution 22. Introduction to Computer 14.
Climate Change 38. Environmental Economics 29. Environmental Impact Assessment 39. Environmental Monitoring 36. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. Environmental toxicology 27. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31. English-IV/ Univ. Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30. Applied Ecology 26. Natural Resource Management 40. ELECTIVE-III 42.24. 45. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28. Opt. Environmental Biotechnology 32. Biodiversity & Conservation 35. Environmental Management Systems 34. ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43. 44. ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37. 46. Research Methods in Environmental Science 41. Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours .
• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical. • Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .
Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth. Recommended Books: 1.. lipids. Human environment and its problems: global.A. D. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. ethical. Botkin. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future. philosophical. R. L. environmental pollution. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment. urbanization. McKinney. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. development in industry and agriculture. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates. M.J. Pearson Educational. Miller. poverty and resource depletion. current global. biological and social.M. 10th Ed. 6th Ed. socio-economic.B & Keller.L. regional. history. & Yonavjak. 2007 3. 4. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts. Thomson Learning. Environmental Science: systems and solutions. G. 15 . & Nebel. The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms. 2007. E. ecological. proteins and nucleic acids. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society. B.. and their relationships with various environmental factors.DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline. 4th Ed. Different aspects of environment: physical. John Wiley & Sons. Wright. 2007. R. national. 2002. 2. its importance in human life. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY .T. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development. Environmental Science: working with the Earth. Major components of environment: physico-chemical. Schoch.I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life.
C. and Whitelaw. McGraw. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus. 5th Edetion. chemical basis of life.. origin of metabolism. A. E. proteins. J. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. 3. R. carboxylic acids. The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. Study of mitosis in onion root tip. covalent. R. lipids. and Lewis. Plopper. Lewis. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning. The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. 2007. the molecule of genetic information and replication. Australia . Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Cell division. 5. L. 2008. Ltd. G. carbohydrates. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. Nucleic acids. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. N. protobionts. 1996. Self Assessment and Revie. 2. B. Crossley. Shier.Hill International Edition. amines). V. Molecular Biology through Questions. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods. Ionic. carbonyls.Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology. Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell.. phospholipids in membrane systems. 16 . Wadsworth Group. 2007. USA. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. D. esters. lipids. 2003. USA. Canada. coordinate covalent bond. Origin of life: chemical evolution. Lingappa. Bulter. Cells. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions.. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. M. Starr. 4. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. Introduction to cell biology. New York. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. chemical diversity. polypeptides in protein diversity. functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. USA. Cassimeris. Biology: a Human Emphasis. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin.. 8th Ed.. Structure and the basis of function. 1. Aromatic compounds. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations.
Girard. concepts of six basic trigonometric functions.. 17 . values of trigonometric functions. USA. Solution chemistry. Thomson and Brooks. Column chromatography. Sequence and series: Arithmetic. P. J. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane. Canada. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. expansion of determinants.. Cambridge University Press.. W. radicals. double angle formulas. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry.. Hill.A.E. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula.J. Andrews. UK. real line. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics.M. coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. minor and cofactor of a matrix. Blackwell Science. 2003. T.ions. Algebra of matrices. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. F.. simultaneous equations and their solutions. UK. Understanding Environmental Pollution. geometric and harmonic sequence.J. Lab Work Preparation of molar. 2. M. angle-sum formula. 2005. 2nd Edition. Use of spectrophotometric techniques. USA. 4. 6th Edition.H. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations). 2004.Special Products (Binomial Expression). Liss. Colloids chemistry.C. 3. Jones and Barlett. Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers. West. Thin layer chromatography.. D. Osmosis and Dialysis. determinants. D. equations of lines (linear equations). An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional). B. P. Measurement of pH. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles. Skoog. Recommended Books: 1. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences. Freeman and Company. D. straight line and related concepts. 5.S. law of Cosines. Harris. graphs. and Reid. molal. EC and TDS in waste water. normal solutions/buffers.E.D. 2004. Binomial theorem (Simple applications). Jickells. J. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra. series and means. 8th Edition. 2nd Edition.. 2004.. and Holler.K. Brimblecombe. Matrices and Determinants: Matrix. Photochemical reactions. Surface chemistry. 1st Ed..
mountain building. Fossils and their significance. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors. joints. K. Thomas. weathering and erosion. Abraham. Smith. R. S. difference. J.A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure . lineation and unconformities. Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation. erosion and related landforms. 4. Analytical Geometry. New Delhi. foliation.. Recommended Books: 1. Scott Foresman and Company. L. 4th Ed. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. Integration: Formulas of integration.B. composition and its internal structure. Addission. different earth processes like mountain buildings. California. Geological time scale and life through geological ages. nonrepeated linear factors.Cramer’s Rule. theorems on differentiation (sum. by parts integration (simple applications). and Finney. Introduction to sedimentary. Jr. G. earthquakes and volcanoes.Wesley. 10th Ed.B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography. This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals. 1999. 18 . age. Chain rule. Pacific Grove. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions.. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. earthquakes. product and quotient rules without derivations). cleavages. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. Trignometry for College students. 3. 2. irreducible quadratic factors. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. faults. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension. COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure . Introduction to folds. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. igneous and metamorphic rocks. Chatterjee. the processes of their formation. Earth as a member of solar system. Narosa Publishing House. Weathering. its origin. theorem of integration. plate tectonics. Introduction to rocks and minerals. D.
COURSE 8 BIOLOGY . population loss and decline. consequences of losing biodiversity. E. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation. invasion of life on land. G. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification. causes of extinction. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis. A. crucial for organisms’ sustainability. Lutgens. R. Biodiversity of deserts. Tarbuck. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories.. F.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps. examples of adjustments in varied environment. protocell formation. and Monroe. Recommended Books: 1. Park. multicellularity. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water. R. molecular basis of biodiversity. 2007 3. Geographical aspects of biodiversity. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants. Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. measuring biodiversity. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms. and Tasa. Prentice Hall. Biodiversity of hilly areas. biodiversity crises. Physical Geology and Process of Science.. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation.. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. and Pun. Earth Science. J. How Does Earth Work. F. 2004.. Brooks/Cole. Field Study tour. unicellularity. K. Lamarckism. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species. Darwinism. Foundations of Structural Biology. interactions among diversified life. different classification systems... 9th Edition. Prentice Hall: 2006. J. Biodiversity of canal. 2005. K. Smith. D. 11th Edition.Identification of rocks and minerals. Lutgens. Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology. 2007 2. 4. E. Prentice Hall. Use of brunton compass and GPS.II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution. D. 19 . Life in sea. J. Tarbuck. animals). 5th Edition. Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life. G. 5.. Wicander. and Tasa. 3rd Edition. Geological time chart with biodiversity. Routledge. modern concepts...
3. 2009. and concerns. Inc. 2000. CA: AltaMira Press. Recommended Books: 1. The Biosphere. K. USA. Tripartite nature of environment. Culture. Bradbury. J. 2001. 5th Edition. Starr.. John Wiley and Sons. Nora and Wilk.K. Prospect Heights. J. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology. Use of environment for vested interest. Conceptualizing environment. globalization and environmental issues. 2005. Contemporary environment issues and debate.. R. UK. Understanding the environment-human relationship. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. Goals and expectations. Wadsworth Group. 3. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions. New York: New York University Press. 2. (editors). 3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. 2. and Spicer. 2nd Edition. I. Crumley. Routledge. New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. Biology. IL:WavelandPress. a Human Emphasis. Hannen.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. Townsend. Perspective of human-environment evolution. Adam. Consumption. (editor). C. 2003. The Ecology of global consumer culture. Gaston. 2009. Walnut Creek. Scope and application. I. Contemporary environmental status.E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems. Environmental Risks and the Media. UK. COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure . Inc. culture and society. Blackwell Science Ltd. K. UK. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. P. 20 . 2006. Chronological. Biodiversity (An Introduction). power & hegemony. 4. C. L. Allan & Carter. and Sustainable Living.
G. Rutledge. 6.. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere. Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures. Storage hardware.5. Long l. Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse.Microsoft office 2000. Operating system (Windows). processing hardware. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion. Software: Application software. system software. Milton. internet. Ed. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered. Hardware: Input Hardware.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure . Ms-Access. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Ms-Power Point.H. Recommended Books: 1. physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry. Ms-Excel.. Configurations. 21 . e-mail. Types and classification of computers. computer programs and basic applications. Course Outlines Definition.C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components. After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry. Marquis A. Courter. K. 2. Local Area Network. Selin. Fundamentals of computer. 2003. Long N. software packages. output hardware.BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment.6th Ed. as are their effects on the biosphere.London 1996. Introduction to MS-Word. COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure .1999.
1999.J. India. interaction of light with matter. Transport of pollutants. Gaussian plumes in the air. Liquids and Gasses. Sound and Noise. Measurement and comparison of the 22 . 2004. Ibanez. and Reid. Solar spectrum. M. T. Isotopes and radioactive decay. J. Germany. Environmental Science.G. Hernandez-Esparza. Basic acoustics.. C... Jickells. J. Global climate and climatic change. Ozone chemistry. 2004. DoriaSerrano. Radioactivity and nuclear physics. Particle physics.. 1st Edition.E. J. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. Energy. Samir.D. Fregoso-Infante. P. Solids. 2005. Turbulent diffusion. USA. Girard..T. Recommended Books: 1. Turbulent jets and plumes. Turbulence. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light.. Jones and Barlett.E. its causes and adverse effects on environment.. Environmental impact of various industries. Thomson-Brooks.S. Chemical reactions. G. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems. Diffusion.Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry. their sources and toxic actions. Springer. trophic level.. 2. Andrews. Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics. Banerji Prentice Hall of India. Environmental Chemistry. Miller. B. 4. Equations of fluid dynamics. Electromagnetic radiation. Brimblecombe. K. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. 2nd Edition. Human perceptions and noise criteria. Liss. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts. 5. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer. UK. Fundamentals of aquatic. Entropy. A. Nuclear energy. atmospheric and soil chemistry. Blackwell Science. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light... Active control of sound. Heat radiation and heat transfer. 2008. M. photosynthesis. Fate of pollutants in environment. Reducing the transmission of sound. Energy conversion. P. 3. Ozone and UV light. Environmental Chemistry. COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter. and Singh. Conversion of mass.M.. Canada.
economic welfare and difference among all. Man environmental relationship. and Pandis. 2006. UK. Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods. Sustainable development. Impact of economic activity on environment. N. economic growth and its measurement. Field visit. Growth and development. interaction between ecology and economic management.1998. Yusuf. Kentucky USA. Environmental Physics. Boeker. population and environmental quality. 2. World Bank Publications.Economic development. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter. 7th Ed. Natural resources and the economy. Course Outlines Introduction to economics. poverty. producer and community point of view. H. Praxis publishing. Smith. E. R. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. P. Economic Development. USA. 2. Pakistan economic context: National income. New York.. Wesely Publishers. Growth and Environment. S. G. Measures for sustainable development. 2008. Physics of the Environment and Climate. economic growth. 2008. USA. Introductory Environmental Physics. and Resource allocation. C. Environmental economics. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development. 23 . John Wiley and Sons Inc. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. 2001. Economic functions of environment. and Van Grondelle.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. Todaro. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. Producer behavior. Routledge. Seinfeld. Guyot. S. USA. economic progress. concepts and measurement. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Recommended Books: 1. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. 3. J. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. M. 4. USA. 2001. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. Recommended Books: 1. COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. Economic management and environmental quality.
J. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy. Farmington Hills. USA. 2. Ecology. community and ecosystem. its fundamental concepts. Hanley. International Thomson Publishing. Portland 1967. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale. 2008. Environmental Critics of agriculture. Economics. & Pierce. 3. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy. London. Introduction to ethical theory. 2008. C. Touchstone Books.. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. 4.V. and systems ecology. World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. World Bank Publications.. R. A History of Western Philosophy. Ecosystem and its types. description of population.. Recommended Books: 1. B. Shogren. LLC. COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure . B.3. ethics and ecology. Russell. Palgrave Macmillan. soil. 2009. Callicott. and White. population. temperature. Environmental philosophy and ethics. 4. N.A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems. water. England. community. Kessinger Publishing. WCIV7AA. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. USA. 24 . SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology. concepts and approaches.A. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. biogeography. 2007. the ethics of soil. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. D. levels of ecological organization. 2002. branches of ecology. Frodeman. Natural philosophy. DeVeer. M. Course Outlines Introduction. species.. role of light. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy. Swift. B. J.
New York. P. role and application of microorganisms in the environment. Fundamentals of Ecology. UK. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity.) Moles. 1992. aquatic microbiology. M J. 3. Lab Work 25 . Microbial metabolism. Cambridge University Press. characteristics of urban. Odum. with special emphasis on their environmental impact. After completion of this course. bacteria and eukarya. plant geography and animal distribution. J. Ecology (principles and applications). biotic factors. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. landscape changes and their importance. students will be able to understand the significance.topography and air as ecological factors. Concepts of Limiting factors. landscape ecology.L and Reiss. J. COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment. E P. aero-microbiology and food microbiology. C. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). G. Biomes of the world. M C J 1st ed. Biogeochemical cycles of C. Systems ecology. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. 2001 5. 1999 4. and S.W. UK. 5th Ed. Populations. and More. and Barett. WCB/McGraw-Hill. Fundamentals of Ecology. productivity of different ecosystems. Ecology (concepts and applications. Population distribution and abundance. Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. habitat and niche. 6th Ed. M. C. community dynamics. N. distribution limits. agricultural and industrial ecosystems. Thomson Brooks/Cole.Cox. 2. Tata McGraw-Hill. Microbiology of terrestrial environments. Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. population dynamics. B. Ecosystem: structure and function. 2004. various concepts of community. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea. ecological modeling. Recommended Books 1. Chapman. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. Dash. 2000. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems. King’s College London. New Delhi. 1st Ed.
J. 2nd Edition. Case Studies. Collection.. Sylvia. P.Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection.K. Environmental Microbiology. USA. and Klein. Fuhrmann. D. Hill. Cambridge UK. 2005. Hartel. 2. L. P. Hurrst. A.J.M. Environmental Pollution and Control. Cambridge University Press. its sources and their effects. 5. Soil. J. Recommended Books 1. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel. 26 . I. 2005. G.. UK. J..L. Academic Press. McInernery. Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water. Mean plate count.P.L.. R. peppor. 2007.B. M. Recommended Books: 1.D. Solid Waste generation. USA.M. Pollution Control Strategies. and Stetzenbach. London. Dilution plate technique. Effects of Pollutants. (Elsevier) USA. Noise. Peiece.J. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic. Microbiology. Understanding Environmental Pollution. Harley. International Protocols (BASAL Convention). Academic Press.. Types of Environmental pollution: Air.P. D.. C.R.Gerba. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution. 2005. 2009.I.A. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution.L. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual. 4th Edition. Prentice Hall. M. transportation & treatments. Crawford. nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution. J. Maier. F.. Fate of Environmental Pollutants.W. Washington DC. R. 4. 2 Edition. Weiner.A. Prescott. Human & other living organisms.J.. and Zuberer. W. D.A.and Brendecke. USA. USA. C. isolation. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines.F. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally. purification and preservation. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution. Marine & Industrial pollution.1998. 1995. Butterworth-Heinemann.. 3.. McGraw Hill Inc.P. USA.and Vesilaind. Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents.. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal. Academic Press. Water.J. 2...V. Pepper. L.C. Knudsen.G. and Gerba.M. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology. Manual of Environmental Microbiology. American Society for Microbiology. New Jersey. 2002. 3. and Jeffery.
Mechanism of heat transfer. 6th Edition.. Methods of psychology. Pandis. The Atmosphere. Austin Miller.M. COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems. Solar radiations. Recommended Books: 1. air pressure.. 5. Cloud Classification. 3. N. Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided. Royal book company. Cambridge University Press.F. The climate of Pakistan. Tarbuck. Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History.J. Shamshad. Marcel Dekkar.From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. 1992. K.E.K.W. John H. Four Spheres of the Earth. 2003. Surface winds. climatic zones of Pakistan. Sadder. .. Environmental psychology. 2002.4. The Physics of Atmospheres. Heat and the Earth's atmosphere. processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. Climatology. 2006 5. Karachi. Lutgens. The Hydrologic cycle. Radiation and climate. Spyros. Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere. Weather and Climate. Lawrance K. local winds. American Public Health Association (APHA).. COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . 4. 2. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment.2nd Editions. concept of Seasons in the classification of climate. Factors affecting air Pressure. global circulation. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications. The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan. Houghton J. 1988. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology. A brief historical background and schools of psychology. A. Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). condensation and cloud Formation. John Wiley and Sons. 27 .
. Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. rivers. Fundamental of Psychology. 5th Edition. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. species response to pollutants. London. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Routledge. Soil as a natural resource. Pollution control through Ecology. sustainable agriculture. CRC Press. 28 . Ecological restoration. techniques and methods of restoration. Ecology of food production. concepts. M. 2. limitation of irrigated agriculture.D. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine. Fisher J. soil erosion and conservation. and Baum A. Bell. solar radiation and primary production. threats and mitigation. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. P. Water as an ecological resource. Sustainable agricultural practices.W.A. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. Eysenck. Restoration of derelict lands.C. 2001. Water and distribution of species. soil salinity and water logging. CRC Press. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan. COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. 1992.characteristics and research methods. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change. High population density and psychological impacts. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture. London. soil resources of Pakistan. Recommended Books: 1.. Environmental Psychology. Greene. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. Sustainable livestock management practices. Future water scenario of Pakistan. their management and ecological restoration. Environmental perception and cognition. Routledge. Course Outline Introduction. energy and carbon balance. T. Background and scope. carbon dioxide and global climate change. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan.
29 . Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system. from natural and anthropogenic sources. 2006. Mumtaz. A. 3. Israr-ud-Din. soil and air samples.. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic. on human and other living organisms. 5th Edition. terminologies: Poisons.W. Newman. Organs. Studies in Pakistan Geography. their containment and control strategies. Synergism. A.P. Shirkat Gah. J. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. water and soil. G. 2000 2. Blackwell Scientific Publications. toxicity screening using microbial systems. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water. E. Thomson Brooks/Cole. Toxicity: Types and its measurement. Lahore.National Book Foundation.1998.I. Island Press.. 1996. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms. Determination of chemicals in biological samples. Margaret A.. Odum E. 5. D. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. and Hobbs. USA. K. COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals. Chemical interactions and their types. Falk. biological effects. and Memon. 1989. Peshawar. Oxford. toxins vs toxicants.A..Recommended Books: 1. Determination of Interaction of chemicals. Foundations of Restoration Ecology. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. J. toxins & toxicants. Zedler. Potentiation and Addition. B. Soil Science. Pakistan’s Environment. 4. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. P. toxicology of chemicals. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History. in vivo & in vitro assays. Fundamentals of Ecology. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. 2004. K and Habib. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications. R. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals.S. dose response relationship in living organisms. Islamabad. University of Peshawar. 2nd ed. and Barett. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management. Rashid. Immunological considerations in toxicology.
CRC Press Llc. USA. culture.2005 2. (ed. Macmillan Press Ltd. economic aspects of different environmental problems. geography.M. First and Second law of Thermodynamics. measuring environmental benefits. 1996. health. the economy and the environment. 3. people. 1st Edition. Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. USA. industry. 1st Edition. 2005 2.Science of Poisons . McGrawhill. major ecosystems. State of the Environment-Pakistan . valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis. Klassen. Course Outlines Introduction. USA.. Ballantyne. Williams. W. Hughes. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York. W. education. topographic zones.). Recommended Books 1. Recommended Books: 30 . P. 1993. international trade and the environment. economic development and the environment. land. clean development mechanism.D. M. COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development. water resources. 1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development. 5th Edition. General and Applied Toxicology. urbanization and pollution. Economic: agriculture. Ecological: ecological zones. 3. 1992.Recommended Books 1. pollution control-a general model. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann. the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements. Government of Pakistan. T and Turner. B.1 & 2. Vol. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement. Environmental Profile of Pakistan. the economic benefits of different environmental resources. Course Outlines Introduction to history. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology.
Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH. Harris. Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive.. 2005. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve.J. Collingwood. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction. West. 31 . units. CSIRO Publ. D. M. 8th Edition.. Conductivitymetry. 2003. 2. and Batemen. Peverill. Field.. USA. D. D. D. 6th Edition. Lab Work S. I. 3. 2. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry.K. B. COD. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples. salinity & sodicity). Data interpretation for quality control. J.I. Gravimetery. 2000. Turner. handling. New York. 1993. Recommended Books: 1. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association).and Field. Skoog. Spectroscopy and Chromatography. Environmental Economics: An Introduction. Qualitative Chemical Analysis.L.I.2004. Biomarkers in environmental assessment.2002. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling. Conductivitymetry.UK. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater.. Thomson and Brooks. 4. and derived S. preparation and storage. Freeman & Co. water and plant analysis. Analytical techniques for soil. Titrimetery. Oxford University Press. and F. 3. 1999. soil (NPK and organic matter contents. Oxford.A. All Solids.C.1. Use of Potentiometery. Sample preservation methods. Kolstad. Gravimetery.W. A. Fluoride.D.. BOD. precision and accuracy. L. Environmental Economics. K. Standard solutions and standard curves. Pearce. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin. Titrimetery. M. C. Australia.R. Holler. Sample collection.K. C. COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions. NO3–N & NH4-N).. Sparrow and D. Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual. Reuter. Johns Hopkins University Press.
JohnWiley and Sons Ltd. W. USA.P.W. Tools in environmental biotechnology. J. 2005. USA. 5th Ed. National Biosafety Guidelines. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment. and Russel.E. Course Outlines Introduction. England. Government of Pakistan.1999. purification and preservation of DNA. Biotechnology. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. 2001. 2. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures.D. New York. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques. Germany. New York. D. students will be able to understand the significance. 2nd Ed. J. and Josef. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns. Recombinant DNA technology. USA. After completion of this course. Wiley-VCH Verlag. Bioreactors. Cambridge University Press. Smith. National Biotechnology Commission. Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants. and application of biotechnology in the environment. 2009. 3. 4. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. Hans- Joachim. Sambrook.). COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 .COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments. Introduction to microbial kinetics. Scragg. J.living organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution. (ed. Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems. Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques. Oxford University Press. Biosensor. Derbre. 2007. Recommended Books 1. Environmental Biotechnology.. 2005. Biomarkers.. Isolation. Chichoster. PCR. A.
Mc Graw Hill Education. Preparation of thematic maps. Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. Campbell. advantages and limitations of process. Jensen. Data entry and output. Inc. Harvey. 1999. 2000. Z. Image Processing. Types of data used in GIS. A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). Agriculture. Different types of maps. Cartography. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. Dessinov. Introduction to Photogrammetry. Aerial photography. 4. Using and reading GPS in field. Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. F. K and L. V.Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. Fishery and wildlife. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. 2000. analysis and output. Inc. Rancez. Active and Passive remote sensing. 5. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1. Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. Guilfoud press New York. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission. history and platforms. integration of information from many sources. John Wiley and Sons. Data acquisition. 3. Energy Sources. Interpretation. 2008. 2. 2009. John Wiley and Sons. Pearsons Education. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. Satellite Imageries. History and data collection. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS. A. Lulla. Inc. R. map projection and coordinate systems. Introduction to GIS. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. eradication of the duplicated data. Forestry. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. Iontegration with other technologies and its importance.
Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. threats to biodiversity. Systems and Support Techniques. ecological. F. social and ethical values of biodiversity. philosophical.2nd Ed.. A. 34 . Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS). M. B. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. 3. Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles.3rd Edition . Related Environmental legislation. Sheldon. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production. cleaner technologies. and Yoxon.C. types of biodiversity. Environmental aspects and impacts. plant. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). threats to biodiversity and its conservation.. American Society for Quality.. 2001. Environmental Economy. etc. 2006. COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor. International Organization for Standardization. animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan. alpha and beta diversity. Khan.This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits. Michigan. Conservation of biodiversity. 4. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. Environmental Management Systems Principles. Environmental Management tools. Course Outlines Introduction. principles of Cleaner production. American Society for Quality. eco-design. Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1.). 1998. 2. Methods of environmental protection. hot spots of biodiversity. Certification of EMS. and Qasim. economic. need and approach. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management. M. WWF Pakistan. Environment and sustainable development. standards and guidelines. 2005.
role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i. 2000. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city.B. 3. their categories. quality control sampling. Preservation methods including pH control.R. presampling requirements/information. conservation and livelihood. croplands. national and international laws and regulations. Quality assurance and quality control. soil and living organisms. EIA requirement. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. Sunderland. design and types of samples.. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment. conservation strategies. forests. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan. Recommended Books: 1. cities. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples.B. conservation in man-made ecosystems.. Associates Inc. 2. refrigeration and freezing methods. P. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes.B. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring. Lab Work Sampling techniques (air. Cox. plants. and Morre. Sinauer. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan. sampling and design purposes. 1998. Kings College. 2000. management. 35 . air. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring. NOC for plant operation..e. role of traditional knowledge in conservation. international agreements. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing. Publ. A Primer for Conservation Biology. Mirza.conservation at species. Considerations. Lahore). Legal protection of species. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora. chemical addition. field custody. P. Z. protected areas. Course Outlines Introduction. Rawalpindi. water. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme. habitats. in-situ and ex-situ conservation. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques. Conservation of wildlife. Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures. ecotourism. community and ecosystem level. 2ndEd.D. London. C. Biogeography. Saad Printers. population. laboratory custody. quality assessment.
USA. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. (ed) Springer. E. its causes and effects. Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget.1999. biological. Precipitation. S.Recommended Books: 1. Regional droughts and 36 .. 5. Physical. human health. Chuviero. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. 3.USA. Environmental Chemistry. (eds. Peakall. Recent Climate Change Indicators. chemical. Air Pollution and Acid Rain. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts. Patterns in Winds and Pressure. USA. The Measurement of Climate Change. 2002. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course. Moisture in the Atmosphere.. agriculture. 2008. 2nd Edition. COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. R. altered community structure. Japan Association on Remote Sensing. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. Earth Observation of Global Change. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. D. and social factors contributing to climate and global change. H. McKlivie. Lewis Publisher London. and Guethner. Forstner U. E. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention. Murai. Burden. Ozone depletion. . N. Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change. 8. 2000. D. 1992. 2. and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change. Tokyo. Human responses to potential climate change. Remote Sensing Note. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. Chapman and Hall. Manahan.1996. 2008. S. Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate. phenological changes. Energy and Temperature. F. USA. extinctions. regional. 7.) McGraw-Hill. 6. Keith. A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data. I. L. New York. UK. 2002. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. Korte.
T. Blackwell. Therivel. Effects. Climate Change . J. Hardy. Routledge. J. Main stages in EIA process. 2005. John Wiley & Sons. John Wiley & Sons. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. 1999. 2005. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. 1st Edition. Climate Change .. J. Ministry of Housing and Works.Causes. Recommended Books: 1. 4. and Solutions.O. liquid. Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels. A. 2005. COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project. law. Global Change and the earth system. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment. 37 . and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction. impact analysis. screening. (ed. Hardy. 1994. EIA project management.. London. 4. R. solids. Cost and benefits of EIA. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice. 3. Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2). 2.A.cataclysmic climate change. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan. 2003. Types & Resources to produce Energy.. D. 5. Harrop. 2003. reporting. National Book Foundation. Petts. Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems. Islamabad. Oxford.). 6. EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan. project implementation and follow up. 2000.. Recommended Books: 1. Keith. decision-making to implement the project. & Nixon. London. T. Houghton.. and Chadwick. A. overview. 2004. 3. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. Effects. J. 1986. and Solutions. principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society. Earthscan Publication Ltd. social impact assessment (SIA).Causes. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts. Glasson. Sringer. J. 2. review of EIA quality.. Global Warming and Climate Change. public involvement.. and noise. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. Islamabad. scoping.(ed). mitigation and impact management. role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis.
New York. occurrence and distribution of natural resources. Recommended Books: 1. Goldsmith. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. John Willey & Sons. United Nations Environment Programme.. Conservation in Progress. 2nd Edition. 1993. methodologies. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area. Asian Development Bank. R. threat and its causes. Everitt. existing management approaches.. F. management options. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources. agriculture chemicals. A. threats. and Tu.5. R. 6.. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. process and contents of the management plan. national and provincial legislation. 1997. causes and methods for its improvement.). EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies. COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification. forest types and its existing management. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy. Watershed management: Importance basic principles. their current status and threats. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level. wildlife census. S. problem in agriculture. Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia. their pros and cons. 38 . Water Resources Management: Available waters resources.. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level. H. Evans. national example. best available option for future. agriculture products and their share in GDP. & McCabe. B. Lohani. Types. limitation in the future. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. effective management. J. M. importance..B and Warren. Sadler. Ludwig. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. Rangeland Management: existing status.. Carpenter. Development of Management Plan: needs. 2002. wind power and nuclear power. management options. B. USA. solar power. requirement. (ed. national agriculture policy..
1992. W.. Hansen. types of sampling design/. V. Case Studies. London. Thousand Oaks. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem. Search Engines. Material Methods. John Wiley & Sons. Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1. Questionnaire. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice. 1990. Inference based on findings. Research Proposal: its importance . Selecting the Research Method.L. Experimental Research. & Plano Clark. Sage CA. 39 . How to put things together? Introduction. 2007. and Jorqensen. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. 1984. Dasmann.F. 4. research methods. and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research. 3.Amsterdam. Scientific Methods. Research Design & Research Methods.A pre-requisite for Research. Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison). Literature Search: Database. Environmental Conservation.E. 5. S. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment.1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study. Review of Literature. New York. to introduce students to research design.2. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically. Objectives. concepts and terminologies. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). P. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf. population and sampling frames. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design. Elsevier. GOP and IUCN. Sampling: the logic of sampling. Creswell. J. Bibliography. USA. Scientific Research: Science. Surveys. R. Methodology. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data.E. Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. Islamabad. Review of Literature. Interviews.
Students project in Environmental Science. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development. National Environmental Policy 4. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance. Recommended Books: 1. R.. 1989.Batty. Booth. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules. Babbie. and Arhonditsis. Wadsworth Publishing Company. Chichester. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act. Government of Pakistan 3. SNBP Local Government Ordinance. England. Law Books House. E. 2.USA.. 3rd Edition. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan. Diamon. 4. USA. Writing Science Through Critical Thinking.2.S. Marilyn F. 2001 and the rules of business made there under. 2001. Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan.Harrad. Belmont California. National Conservation Strategy 5. S. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. Moriarty. Univ. of Chicago Press. The Craft of Research by Wayne C. 3. regulations made there under. 2nd Edition. M. USA. G. 2008. 2000.h. 5. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 . Qadar. 1997. 2003. 6. Sage Publishers.. 2003. 1997.. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans. Survey Research Methods. Robert Yin. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers. John and sons Ltd.
This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45
POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46
RESEARCH PROJECT/ INTERNSHIP
E-I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY
To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,
5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.
K. The Politics of Managing Water. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry. R. watershed/catchment. hydrological cycle. flood and drought management. (eds. Islamabad. Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT). Indus Water Accord 1991.).). 4. flood and droughts. 6. N. SDPI Oxford University Press. pollution aspects. wetlands resources management. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment. and Malik. P.. (ed. Asia Printer. like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. A. virtual water. Islamabad. groundwater exploitation. 1993. I. tubewells.. Cheema. A. integrated water resources management (IWRM). water supply and demand management measures... J. 2005. Mirajuddin Publication . Pakistan. it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects. climate change and its impacts on our future water resources. 2. improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency. water quality and quantity aspects. Revised & enlarged edition.. U.. water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan. Biswas. Pakistan . precipitation distribution in Pakistan. 5. O. Ahmed. 2006. A. N. recycling and re-use of wastewater. Recommended Books: 1. Ahmed.Lahore. Oxford University Press New Delhi. Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia. with drinking water facilities like springs. fisheries management.. 3.1993. C. Groundwater Resources of Pakistan. Bengali.Varis. Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant. Mirajuddin Publication . 44 . Briscoe. and Qamar. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan. and Tortajada. Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. Oxford University Press Karachi. 2003. K. Course Outlines Water resource and its management. R. Khan.E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan. Lahore. 2006.
D. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. PrenticeHall. Pakistan. Soil degradation. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. Bashir. Cation and anion exchange. Academic Press. R. transport. Soil buffering capacity and its importance. Process and outcome. 45 . soils. 2008. management and green productivity. residential mobility and the neighborhood change. R. urban settlements. E. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants.W. D. Brady. 2007. 2007. USA. Miller. Prentice Hall. Forms of urbanization. After completion of this course. Soil Science. Causes of urbanization. NJ.R. Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils. urban political ecology. Upper Saddle River.E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. the salient features of urban environments. urban landscapes characteristics. future of urban centers. R. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. urban flora and fauna. and Bantel. CA.T. Gardiner. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. and Weil. Factors and processes of soil formation. National Book Foundation. Urban ecosystem. NJ. Types and properties of parent materials. Physical and chemical properties of soil.. Soil forming minerals. Soils in Our Environment. 1. urbanization in Pakistan. USA. USA. urban patterns and ecosystem functions. Islamabad. Course Outlines Introduction. Hillel. Definition. 1996. Urbanization. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations.C. San Diego. humans as components of urban ecosystems. N. Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals.. Course Outlines Introduction. 11th Edition. Upper Saddle River. hydrological processes.
A. Gilbert. Levels of planning.1990. V. 2. J. New York. E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. Types of Urban Plans. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. Chapman and Hall. UK.. CRC Press LLC. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans.. Scope. Justification for planning for city management. USA.S. Principles of planning. Routledge. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city. UR. Routledge. Smith. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level.. 5. Penguin Group. New trends in planning and city management. Recommended Books: 1. Hague. Planning theories and concepts. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. Hejny. 2.and Maser. Planning and Urban Change. Sukopp.. S. 1. M.Recommended Books: Urban Ecology. nature and purpose of urban planning. C. Aims and Objectives of planning. UK. Planning and its relationship with other professions. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. Silberstein. Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments. 4. Ward. M. UK. 2009. The Ecology of Urban Habitats. SBS academic publishing. I. nd 2 Edition.and Kowaril. 46 . 2007. SAGE Publications Ltd.. City Design for Sustainable Development. H. 2000. S. London. USA. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation.L. 1989. London. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. 2006. Elements of urban planning. The planning process. 3. It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. Kate. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems. Alberti. Land use planning theories. O. 2004. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area. Springer. D. Hough. 2004. The Works: Anatomy of a City.
Clara. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research. 2. Disaster as an opportunity for development. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development. UK. Techniques and methods to assess hazard. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization.B. 1991. Physical factors.. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made. Disaster Management Trainings and Policies. Different approaches and Indicators. Recommended Books: 1. 1989. Flood Management: Organizational Role. Disaster Management: Components of management. M. Government of Pakistan. Ministry of Housing and Works. Islamabad. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards.. Flooding.3.. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs).. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. 1993. G. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies. Manila. It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters. R. Socio-economic factors. i. Role of Media in Disaster Management.W. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches. Earthquake. Landslide. and White G. Political factors. 2nd Edition. Westview Press. New York.UNESCO. The Environment as Hazard Burton I. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors. P. Hazards.. 1993. Longman Group.J. and Woodrow. ADB. 4. Boulder . 47 . 1993.. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms. Paris..e. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures.F.W. Introducing Town Planning. H. E&UA Div. 3. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies. The Guilford Press. Natural Disasters Alexander. Chapman & Hall. Earthquake Management. Cultural factors. Natural cycles and their role. 1986. Prediction. It discusses a wide range of aspects. Kates. International phenomenon. D. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum. 4. New York..
Consumer and producer relationship. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. 2007. types.H. alternate energy resources. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. decomposers. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources. Deforestation for agricultural purposes. energy resources of Pakistan. 6. Course Outlines Energy-development and environment.L.C. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals. efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers. 48 . environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems.M.W. E. Phytoremediation and bioremediation. solar. uses. sustainable energy management. consumers. Paris. Farming practices for pests and weeds control.5. Sustainable livestock management. A. Quorum Books. primary producers. 1984. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. 4th Edition.A. merits and demerits of wind. McKinney. Perry R. 1983. 6th Edition. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. Westport.B and Keller. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. John Wiley and Sons. E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment. 1. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life. local. M. Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America. biomass resources. 2007. 2... Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation. OECD/IEA. D. Botkin. energy resources. 3. USA. Agroecology. L. Ecological concept in crop and food production. Disasters and Development Cuny. hydropower. and Mushkatel. Biotic structure. and Yonavjak. New York. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. 2001. F. R.. Schoch.
.M. M. New Delhi.G. Yandermeer J. 2. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species. New York. R. Recommended Books: 1. Kapur. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species. Altreri.H. and Sudha. CBS Publishers and Distributors. Study of index of diversity.P. and Rossel. Westview Press. E-11 Seminar 49 .R. Corol. USA. 3. USA. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity. 1995.A. Boulder.Determination of density and abundance of plant species. India. 2000.Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram. 1990. P. Agrocology. C. McGraw Hill Publishing Company. Experimental Plant Ecology. Study of stratification and profile diagram. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture.
50 . The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines. it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor. 2. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. 4. 3. The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science. The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science. the Committee agreed on the following principles. availability of the faculty and other facilities. 5. that: 1. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization.
14. 10. 2. 2. 11. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 . 3. 12. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. 12. 7. 7. 13. 26. 9. 4. 8. 22. 4. 3. 21. 25. 10. The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. 6. 24. 5.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1. Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. 23. 20. 16. 6. 18. 5. 15. 17. 8. 19. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. 9. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 11.
Khan K. Elsevier. Ball. Mackenzie J.1991. Provincial and Local Strategies. 2. development of concepts.F. Environmental control Policies. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan. 1991. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space. Karachi. Conventions and Protocols in Global.S. 3. London. 1992. Oxford University Press. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan. Hodder and Stoughton. and Bell. Mackenzie. S.. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. Draft National Environmental Policy.1994. 4. 2.. Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management...T. Conservation Strategies. COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management. and Jorqensen. Islamabad. Geography of Pakistan.1995. London Black Stone Press Ltd. S. Money. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling. NCS. S. Environment People and Economy. Carrying capacity and sustainable development.E. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Regional and International Environmental Issues.DETAILS OF M. status of Terrestrial. 52 . Relationship of culture. 1987.A. Amsterdam. FURTHER READINGS 1.. WCS.1994. GOP and IUCN. Treaties. Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems. technology and resource use. Recommended Books: 1. 3. D. 2nd Edition. P. F.E. Oxford University Press. Hansen. Instruments and methods.
chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants. Harlow Essex. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery. FURTHER READINGS 1. Environmental Chemical Analysis. Wastewater. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. History. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. Wood. Chichester. K. Cost benefit analysis of projects.COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction. ed. 2. economic impact assessment. Ed. 3. 2. Recommended Books: 1. Ministry of Environment. Environmental auditing. Assessment of environmental impacts. Government of Pakistan. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. opportunities and issues. Burnt Hill. A one Publishers Lahore. World Bank. Principles of physical. sample collection and preservation. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment. DC. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). Demographic impact assessment. Greenberg (American Public Health Association). Gas Chromatography etc. Washington. F & Bronstein. sampling rules. role and importance. procedures and methods of EIA. Sectoral guidelines for EIA.. social impact assessment.Vanclay. John Wiley & Sons. Environment Department.A. ecological impact assessment. Air and Solid Waste. 1995. Ahmed. Longman Scientific and Technical. COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. process. WB. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. England. Environmental and Social Impact assessment. Longman House. D. UK. Recommended Books: 1. 53 . 1995. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. A. 1993. C. Case Studies and review.
Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). air borne. prevention and control. feasibility study. and Guidotti. T. MS Project Recommended Books: 1. R.. K. Mantel s. Project Initiation. Project Planning and Approval Processes. Van Nostrand and Reinhold... 1998. Nebel. 3. Need identification. USA. principles and practices. John Wiley and Sons. 4. Project Management: A Managerial Approach. Public health concept. inputs.. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. 5. Government Policies and Programs. activities. means of verification. Resource Mobilization. USA. J. 1st ed. Prentice Hall International Inc. food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. Primary health care services. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). S. Inc. COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems. 2001. R. Kjelllström. New York. Defining Project objectives. and Wright. indicators. work breakdown structure. communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne.. M. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic. A. Wiley Interscience. J. Meredith J. Yassi. 2nd Ed. 1st Ed. Caeneross. Park. 1993.COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project. de Kok. assumptions. Project Management Institute. outputs. Recommended Books: 1.. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. 1st Ed. London. Accident prevention and safety plans. Ergonomic and Safety. Planning Commission Performas.. safety techniques. Occupational Health: problems and issues. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. M/S Banarsid. L. 1992. B. Writing Project Proposal. Lippmann. development objectives. specific objectives. Oxford University Press New York. 54 .. Project Planning. Project Life Cycle. 1997.. economic evaluation. 2. T. UK. 2. T. 2002. A Guide to Project Management. Basic Environmental Health. Reasons for Project success or failure. T.2000. Environmental Health Engineering.
Michigan-January 2001. types. Sayre. merits and demerits of wind. ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family.A. D. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). bio-energy resources. 3. petroleum. OECD/IEA. transport. ISO Central Secretariat. L. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. 2. Related Environmental regulations. gas. 4..L. Sources of data. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. energy resources of Pakistan. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms. Botkin. energy resources. 4th Edition. alternate energy resources. industry and domestic sectors. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. uses. Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. Principles of cleaner production. data collection and interpretation. Switzerland. Paris. 2007. 6th Edition.M.COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. and Yonavjak. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. 1990b. non-renewable and renewable. E. 2. 55 . D. 2007. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal. John Wiley and Sons. principles and elements of the process of EMS. St Luise Press. McKinney. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management.B and Keller. hydropower. M. sustainable energy management for agriculture. 3. Paris. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). nuclear) local. 1998. Schoch. Environmental auditing. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. Environmental Auditing. Recommended Books: 1. Recommended Books: 1. solar. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. 2001. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. R. USA.
Climate Change . resources and plants. D. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics. ECOPE 29. forests. UK 1991. John Wiley & Sons. Modeling of climate change. London. Blackwell Publishing. vegetation dynamics. Recommended Books: 1. types and their climatic effects. competition and coexistence. Green House Gases. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. plant invasions. Climate change and food production. 2. Hardy. 2005. J. plant conservation. 2003. (Ed. geographical and temporal patterns. John Wiley & Sons. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Introduction to Plant Population Biology. 2003. 3. human activities and vegetation dynamics. E & Muller-Hohenstein. Maarel. Warrick. J. 2005. 3. Oxford. The Green House Effect. Houghton. Recommended Books: 1. 2004. & Charlesworth. climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. management and restoration. 1st Edition. Chichester. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. Climate Change and Ecosystems.D. 2005. D. Hardy.T. Oxford UK. survival and extinction. E. and Solutions. 4. ED. 1. Effects. Effects. J. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. and Solutions. Species richness. 5. 2005. Silvertown. 2. Earthscan Publication Ltd. Plant population dynamics. etc.. K. Vegetation Ecology Ed. Shulze.). Springer. T. water resources. Beck. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. Berlin. COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. UK.Causes. 56 .COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. Plant Ecology. Blackwell Publishing. Climate Change .Causes. B & Jager. global aspects of plant ecology. types of climate change models. John Wiley & Sons.. Life history strategies of plants.
J.J. Protection and restoration of species. problems and solutions. 2. & Spicer. Primack. 57 .J. Roberts. Cambridge. Global and national biodiversity. 1973 2. Extinction of species. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity. Recommended Books: 1. Wildlife of Pakistan. management. Consumptive. deforestation and its control. UK.G. Sustainable forest management. Forests. habitats and ecosystems. Oxford University Press. Wildlife Ecology and Management. FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. Oxford. Essentials of Conservation Biology. 3.D. Inc. Rangeland management. Oxford. Threatened animals and plants.J.COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction.) Gaston. I). 5. 1992. USA. Blackwell Publsihing. Cambridge. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. Protected areas. Status of forests in Pakistan. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan. 1986. John Wiley And Sons.J. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity. Bailey. Principles of Wildlife Management. S. II). Conserving Living Natural Resources. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management. distribution and management. Participatory forest management. Oxford University Press. T. Forest plantations. R. Roberts. UK. Establishment and management of protected areas. S.(2nd Ed. their types and role in conservation. biological diversity. distribution. their importance. 2004. J. 3. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. 1998. COURSE 11 WILDLIFE. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation. 2002. Oxford University Press.A. E. London. 2002. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali. W. Robinson. threats and conservation. Loss of biodiversity. & Ripley. Protected areas in Pakistan.B. 1984. their ecological and economic importance. T. Weddell. its causes. Sinauer Assocaites.L. Publishers Sunderland. 4. Oxford. Wetlands. kinds. K. Cambridge University Press. Biodiversity: An introduction. Mcmillan. B. types. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. Recommended Books: 1. types. status. distribution. And Bolen.
3. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. Urban land use planning and management. urban landscape characteristics. Clara. C. urbanization in Pakistan. Ward. Longman Group. drinking water and solid waste in cities. sanitation. 58 . S. USA.. H. management of transport. E&UA Div. G. Government of Pakistan. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. Recommended Books: 1.COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction. UK. Kate. New York. urban political ecology. Sustainable cities.. 4. 2. Planning and Urban Change. 2004. 1993. The Works: Anatomy of a City. 2000. Ministry of Housing and Works. UK. CRC Press LLC.. Penguin Group. Islamabad. Environmental problems of urban life. 1986. future of urban centers. Forms of urbanization. V. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages. J.. London. Introducing Town Planning. 2007.and Maser. USA. Urban planning and management in Pakistan. Silberstein. SAGE Publications Ltd. A. urban systems and their characteristics.
Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. ISBN 0194313492 59 . Exercises 1. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. 1997. Third edition.A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking.V. a) Functional English Grammar 1.Annexure . clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1. Practical English Grammar by A. Thomson and A. Martinet. Oxford University Press.J.
ISBN 0 19 453402 2. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. Writing. Martinet. Reading. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Fourth Impression 1993. minutes of meetings. Third edition. Oxford University Press. Third Impression 1992.2. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Reading/Comprehension 1. 1997. Upper Intermediate. and speed reading. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. b) Practical English Grammar by A.J. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. Exercises 2.V. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 . intensive and extensive. Thomson and A.
c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Advanced. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Reading. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1.1. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. discursive. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. Oxford Supplementary Skills. introduction to presentations. Thomson and A. Fourth Impression 1993. Writing. Oxford University Press 1986. Exercises 2. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. content. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. narrative. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. language. Advanced by Ron White.J. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 . 2. Oxford Supplementary Skills. b) Writing 1.V. Oxford Supplementary Skills. 2. clarity. Third Impression 1991. Martinet. Third Impression 1992. descriptive and argumentative writing). Writing. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Practical English Grammar by A. Third edition. Writing. form. Fourth Impression 1992. Reading 1.
Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. A Custom Publication. Kirszner and Stephen R. Compiled by norther Illinois University. Kathleen Shine Cain. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. without taxing the taste of engineering students). Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. St. Martin’s Press. descriptive. 2004. 2.(particularly suitable for discursive. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. College Writing Skills by John Langan. 3. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. argumentative and report writing). 62 . Mandell.
Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. 1977-88 e. politics. Economic institutions and issues b. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. Indus Civilization ii. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. 1999 onward 3. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Safdar. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. Location and geo-physical features. 3. 1988-99 f. 1993. ideological background of Pakistan. 2000. . government. 1994. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. 2. S. national development. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Shahid Javed. Karachi: Oxford University Press. 4. Historical Perspective a. Mehmood. contemporary Pakistan. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. Akbar. S. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. Ethnicity d.M. 1971-77 d. State & Society in Pakistan. Muslim advent iii.B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. Contemporary Pakistan a. 63 Books Recommended 1. Lahore. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy.Annexure . People and Land i. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. Society and social structure c. 2. Course Outline 1. Zaidi. 1947-58 b. Study the process of governance. 1958-71 c. b.
The Political System of Pakistan. 8. Khalid Bin. Political Parties in Pakistan. 1976. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. Lahore: Vanguard. Karachi: Royal Book Company. Vol. Ethno . 1987. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. Club Road. Haq. Enigma of Political Development. Institute of Public Policy Research. Mehmood. Rafique. 9. 1980. 11. II & III.5. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. Afzal. 1998. 14. Ziring. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. Tahir. Amin. 10. Wayne. nd. Noor ul.National Movement in Pakistan. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 64 . 1972.The Emergence of Banglades. Muhammad Waseem. History & Culture of Sindh. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. M. Washington: American Enterprise. I.. 7. Safdar. Zahid. K. Lawrence. Pakistan Under Martial Law. Ansar. 1993. 12. 1967. Aziz. Sayeed. Politics in Pakistan. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Wilcox. 6. 13.K. Party. 1980. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia. Islamabad.
Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.58.A.20) Related to thinking.57.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.56.Tadabar (Verse No1.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S. 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.19.A.A.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.21.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 .) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.40.Annexure .63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.6.A.C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.
3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt. in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .
Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. Islamabad (2001) 67 . Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah.S. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. “Emergence of Islam” . IRI. Ahmad Hasan. Bhatia.3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. Pakistan. “Studies in Islamic Law. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. International Islamic University.” Hussain Hamid Hassan. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi.
Boston 68 . Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). functions. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. set operations. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. Houghton & Mifflin. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations.Annexure . equations reducible to quadratic equations. 1978. 1986. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. Cramer’s rule. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. Beckenback EF. types. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. introduction to sets.D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. Sharron S. matrix inverse. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. 1987. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. types of functions. College Algebra and Trigonometry. cube roots of unity. PWS-Kent Company. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. Wooton W. PWS-Kent Company. system of linear equations. trigonometric identities. determinants. not majoring in mathematics. harmonic progression. geometric progression. complex numbers. Boston Swokowski EW.
Recommended Books: Anton H. inequalities. continuity. change of variables in indefinite integrals. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Davis S. integration by parts. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. distance between two points. not majoring in mathematics. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. New York Stewart J. 2005. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. differentiation of polynomial. John Wiley. Boston Thomas GB. Addison-Wesley. PWS-Kent Company. integration by substitution. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students.2. 69 . solution of equations involving absolute values. 1983. USA 3. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. not majoring in mathematics. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. 1995. Finney AR. intersection of two lines. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. slope of a line. parallel and perpendicular lines. Ma. derivatives. rational and transcendental functions. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. Calculus (11th edition). various forms of equation of a line. Bevens I. distance between a point and a line. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. functions and their graphs. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). Calculus (3rd edition). Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. angle between two lines. Reading. 2005. continuous functions. equation of a line. left-hand and right-hand limits.
• Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. Freshman and Company. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. • Contents 1. 1987. equations reducible to quadratic equations. Cramer’s rule. Conic Sections: Parabola. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition).Circle: Equation of a circle. inverse of matrices. 1986. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. Introduction to sets. nature of roots of quadratic equations. locus of a point in various conditions. Boston Swokowski EW. Scott. Analytic Geometry. intersection of lines and circles. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. PWS-Kent Company. : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. set operations. College Algebra and Trigonometry. determinants. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. 1969 Kaufmann JE. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). types of functions. • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. circles determined by various conditions. Boston 4. system of linear equations. functions. 70 . PWS-Kent Company. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. hyperbola. ellipse. types of matrices.
4. Graphs: Graph of straight line. array. deciles and percentiles. Prentice Hall.. R. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. E. R. Walpole. Kaufmann. E. moments. characteristics of statistics. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. cumulative frequency curve. 3. 71 . quartiles. relationship of statistics with social science.geometric and harmonic progressions. variance. trigonometric identities. R. E. ungrouped and grouped data. W. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. 2. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. discrete and continuous series. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. tally sheet method. PWS-Kent Company. Books Recommended: 1. Latest Edition. bar frequency diagram histogram. Swokowski. standard deviation. Measures of dispersion: Range. individual. circle and trigonometric functions. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry.. 5. J. frequency polygon. Latest Edition.. Latest Edition. types of frequency series. Boston. Wilcox.. skewness and kurtosis. 2. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’.
6. and Transcendental Functions. Integration by Parts. Solution of equations involving absolute values. Swokowski. special points of a function. Slope of a Line. Anton. E. 3rd Edition. Second Edition 1992. Gleason. Thomas. Calculus. Boston. Calculus Single and Multivariable. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. et al. I. Equation of a Line. 5. H. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. Least-Squares Line. Frank A. S. Jhon Willey & Sons. Bevens. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . infinite and improper integrals. 2005. the chain rule. sinusoidal function.Jr. logarithmic integration. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus. Recommended Books: 1. Schaum’s Outline Series. plane polar coordinates. 3. • Integration Integration from first principles. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. quotients. Hughes-Hallett. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. theorems of differentiation. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. implicit differentiation. McCallum. 4th edition.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. 1983. integration by parts. Continuous Functions. Elliott Mendelson. Calculus. Inc. Mathews. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. reduction formulae. products. 8th edition. logarithmic differentiation. Inequalities. integration using partial fractions. Inc. John Wiley & Sons. Calculus. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. Contents 1. 2005. Leibnitz’ theorem. John H. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. 2. Continuity. Rational and Transcendental Functions. Trigonometric Functions. Rational Functions. 2. integration by inspection. integral inequalities. 6. Prentice-Hall. Extreme Values of Functions. 11th Edition. 2002. the inverse of differentiation. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. substitution method. 1999. Addison Wesley publishing company. Davis. applications of integration. 4. W.
solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4. division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. arithmetico-geometric series. series involving natural numbers. approximation errors in Taylor series. solving hyperbolic equations. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. geometric series. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 . transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. modulus and argument.Additions and subtraction. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. identities of hyperbolic functions. alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. multiplication. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. inverses of hyperbolic functions. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. finding the nth roots of unity. complex conjugate. the difference method.
equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. orthogonal. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. Pappus’ theorems. point to plane. of a unitary matrix. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. centers of mass and centroids.5. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. 6. the inner product. line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7. Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. line to line. symmetric and antisymmetric. vector product. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 . unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. Hermitian. scalar triple product. masses. moments of inertia.
curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. divergence of a vector field. differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. combinations of grad.8. spherical polar coordinates 75 .
Unit 2. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Stem and Leaf Display. acceptance and rejection regions. Diagrams. Exercises. Unit 5. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. sampling with and without replacement. Difference of means and proportions. Exercises. Type-I and Type-II errors. Exercises Unit 6.Annexure . Constructing of a frequency distribution. Range. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. Coefficient of variation. Pie chart. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. Absolute and relative measures. Unit 4. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Median and mode. Exercises. Different types of Averages. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Historigram. Discrete and continuous variables. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Empirical Relation between Mean. probability and non-probability sampling. Exercises. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Histogram. Test statistics. Exercises. 76 . Change of origin and scale. Population. Standardized variables. Graphs and their Construction. null and alternative hypothesis. Probability and Probability Distributions. Significant digits. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Unit 3. Observations. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Data. Collection of primary and secondary data. Statistical problem. Types of frequency curves. Exercises. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Moments and Moments ratios. Errors of measurement. definition of outliers and their detection. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Editing of Data. The Mean Deviation. The Variance and standard deviation. Quantiles. level of significance. Box and Whisker Plot. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. sample design and sampling frame. The Mode. The semi-Interquartile Range. sampling and non sampling errors. Poisson and Normal Distribution. Bar charts. Sources. Presentation of Data Introduction. Ogive for Discrete Variable. bias.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Unit 7. Rounding of a Number. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. properties of Good Average.
Kitab Markaz. its estimation and interpretation. r and R2.Unit 8. F. “Introduction to Statistics”. Exercises Unit 10. cause and effect relationships. Regression and Correlation Introduction. 2005. Exercises. Contingency Tables. Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole. New York. E.Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. Inc. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. Unit 11. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. examples. Exercises Unit 9. simple linear regression. Macmillan Publishing Co.Single Population Introduction. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad.. 2 Muhammad. 77 . 1982. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. Correlation.. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. R. Testing of Hypothesis. Coefficient of linear correlation. 3rd Ed.
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