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For BS MS
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Executive Director Member (Academics) Director (Curri) Deputy Director (Curri) Deputy Director
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introduction ……………………………………….. Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Environmental Science …………………………. Scheme of Studies for MS …………………….. Detail of Courses for MS ……………………….
Details of Compulsory Courses Annexures A, B, C, D & E…………………………………
6 12 14 50 51
Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives.PREFACE Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. 63. respective accreditation councils and stake holders. The revised draft curriculum is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. SHAIKH Member Academics August 2009 4 . and to fulfill the needs of the local industries.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses. 2009 at the HEC Regional Center. It is. It also aimed to give a basic. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Science in a meeting held on April 28-30. imperative to update our curricula regularly by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge. new ideas and information are pouring in like a stream. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. DR. and 36.ALTAF ALI G.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. the Federal Government vide notification No. Lahore. degree awarding institutions. D773/76-JEA (cur. therefore. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees. R&D organizations. PROF. The new Bachelor (BS) degree shall be of 4 years duration. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards. universities and other institutions of higher education. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976.). dated December 4th 1976. The world has turned into a global village. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee. the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. By looking at the curriculum one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of the nation.
UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRI. COL. QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. OF FINAL CURRI. R&D. OF DRAFT BY NCRC REVIEW IMPLE. IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. UNI. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREP. OF NCRC. LI R&D HEC Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. OF CURRI. PREP. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI. Preparation 5 . EXP. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I PREP.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRI. Abbreviations Used: NCRC. REC.
Anjum Zia Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry &Bio-chemistry University of Agriculture Faisalabad Prof. Azeem Khalid Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences PMAS Arid Agricultural University. Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University. Karachi from 28-30. Sheikh Saeed Ahmad Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Fatima Jinnah Women University The Mall. Following attended the meeting:1. 7.Introduction The final meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of Higher Education Commission in Environmental science was held at HEC Regional Centre. Member 3. Dr. Member 4. Muhammad Irfan Khan Professor and Head Department of Environmental sciences International Islamic University Islamabad Dr. Member 5. Rawalpindi Dr. Dr. April 2009 to finalize the draft curriculum for under-graduate and graduate degree programs in the discipline. Dr. Lahore Member 6. Rawalpindi Dr. Syed Shahid Ali Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Earth & Environmental Science Bahria University Islamaabad Convener 2. Moazzam Jamil Member Principal University College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Dr. Faculty of Natural Sciences & Head. Kauser Jamal Cheema Dean. Member 6 .
Member 11. Khursheed Ahmed Member Department of Environmental Management National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore. Basir Ahmad Arain Professor. Zahir Ahmed Zahir Associate Professor Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences University of Agriculture Faisalabad Ms. Member 10. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Sciences University of Karachi Karachi Dr. Dr. 7 . Prof. Centre for Environmental Science University of Sindh Jamshoro Prof. Dr. Member 15. Dr. Dr. Prof. Mozzam Ali Khan Director Institute of Environmental Science University of Karachi.8. Karachi Member 12. Said Rahman Manager SPAS SUPARCO Head Quarters Karachi. Arjumand Zaidi Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbotabad Dr. Arifa Tahir Assistant Professor Department of Environmental Science Lahore College for Women University Lahore Member 9. Dr. Member 14. Amir Haider Malik Member Foreign Professor (HEC) Department of Environmental Sciences COMSATS Institute of Informational Technology Abbotabad Prof. Member 16. 13. Dr.
Islamabad coordinated the meeting. Muhammad Ishaq Ghaznavi Member Technical Balochistan Environmental Protection Tribunal Quetta Mr. Javed Ali Khan Director General (Environment) Ministry of Environment Islamabad Dr. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah. Dr. Shafiq-ur-Rehman. Deputy Director (Curriculum) of Higher Education Commission Islamabad circulated the copies of draft curriculum of Environmental Science and HEC framework template for the development of curriculum in basic and applied science. Member 20. Department of Environmental Science could not attend the final meeting due to his pre-engagement. Khalid Farooq Akbar Associate Professor Department of Environmental Sciences GC University. The participants were divided into different groups according to their expertise to review the courses. At first. Mr. Dr. Sardar Khan Associate Professor Department of Environmental Science University of Peshawar Peshawar Dr. 1. Khalid Farooq Akbar of GC University Faisalabad acted as Convener and Secretary of the Committee respectively. Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah Assistant Director (curriculum) Higher Education Commission. 8 . Karachi. Secretary Dr. 2. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. The participants reviewed he current curriculum and proposed suggestions to revise the current curriculum. He briefed the members of the committee about the review and revision of the curricula regularly at specific intervals to bring the quality of higher education with international standards. Muhammad Irfan Khan of International Islamic University Islamabad and Dr. Member 19. the committee reviewed the draft curriculum and discussed at length the proposed contents of revised courses.17. Chairman. These groups reviewed the existing courses and suggested appropriate changes in them. compatible with national needs and useful for the industry and society. Director of HEC Regional Center. He welcomed the participants and opened the meeting. Faisalabad Member 18. The meeting was opened by Mr. Mr.
Muhammad Tahir Ali Shah and the staff HEC regional centre. 5. environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development. These groups also proposed contents/reading materials for newly introduced courses. 3. 1. Then the committee reviewed the existing MS curriculum and proposed some new core courses and elective courses. 4. 2. The Scope Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge. the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society. comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment. The Environmental matters are at the center of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. 6. The committee expressed its concern that there was no participation from the major universities. The committee thanked Mr. The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution. Teaching Objectives The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills: • Learn how to analyze and assess environmental problems • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues 9 .3. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population. In last few centuries. a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development. Karachi for providing logistic facilities to the participants. The Aim The principal aim of graduate and post-graduate level degree programs in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop. climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity.
The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development Keeping in view the above objectives in the local. Apply theoretical understanding. skills and behaviour patterns. 5. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us. in its preliminary meeting. professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems iii. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. Learning Objectives The degree programs are expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: i. as well as a sense of ethical responsibility.• Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems. economically and environmentally challenges facing humanity today. This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan appointed a National Curriculum Revision Committee in Environmental Science. ii. discussed the structure and composition of the existing graduate and post graduate degree programmes in the discipline of Environmental Science and suggested appropriate changes to keep the 10 . RATIONALE Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially. Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development. Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems. This committee. regional and global contexts. through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge iv. Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes. our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences. Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 5. and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems.
The degree programmes in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents 2. 3. 4.graduate abreast with new developments in Environmental Science and prepared a revised curriculum draft. that: 1. pre-medical and preengineering or equivalent qualification The following courses were identified by the Committee to be included in the curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme. 1. the Bachelors degree programme (BS) will be of four years i. as guiding principles for the development of the programmes. with consensus. 5. skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes. The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be F. social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals. Sc. UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME BS Environmental Science Before drawing the outlines and contents of the courses the committee unanimously agreed on the following principles. 6. The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration. The medium of instruction. Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature. 2. DEGREE PROGRAMMES Before drawing the structure of the graduate and post-graduate programmes in Environmental Science following principles were agreed by the Committee. In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science.e. The 11 . To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level. eight semesters in the semester system. assessment and evaluation will be English for degree programmes in Environmental Science. Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment. Islamic studies and Pakistan studies 3. A.. Integrating natural sciences. The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English.
Introductory Economics* 17. Philosophy* Total Credit Hours 3 (1-2) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 12 Semester – 4 19. English-II 12. Environmental Microbiology 21. Biology –I* 3. English-III 18. Math/Stat-1 (Mathematics) 5. Pakistan Studies Total Credit Hours Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 Semester – 2 7. English-I 6. Basic Chemistry* 4. Introduction to Computer 14. Climatology* 23. Math/Stat (Statistics) University Optional 10. Environmental Pollution 22. Environmental Chemistry 15. Introduction to Environmental Science 2. Biology –II* 9. Environmental Physics 16. Introduction to Earth Science 8. Islamic Studies/Ethics Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 2 (2-0) 17 SECOND YEAR Semester – 3 13. SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR BS (4-YEARS) IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FIRST YEAR Course Titles Semester – 1 1. Sociology/Anthropology* 11. The Committee also proposed a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order. Psychology* .proposed workload is maximum in the first year and minimum in the final year for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. Fundamentals of Ecology 20.
24. Climate Change 38. Environmental Impact Assessment 39. Environmental Economics 29. Opt. Research Methods in Environmental Science 41. ELECTIVE-III 42. 44. Environmental Management Systems 34. Environmental toxicology 27. Environmental Laws & policies Health and Environment Pollution control Technologies Research project/ Internship 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3-6 12-15 124-136 13 Total Credit Hours Total Degree Credit Hours . Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 18 THIRD YEAR Semester – 5 25. Environmental Biotechnology 32. Natural Resource Management 40. English-IV/ Univ. ELECTIVE –IV Total Credit Hours 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 18 Semester – 8 43. Environmental Profile of Pakistan 28. ELECTIVE-II Total Credit Hours FOURTH YEAR Semester – 7 37. ELECTIVE-I Total Credit Hours 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (1-2) 3 (3-0) 18 3 (2-1) 4 (2-2) 3 (3-0) 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 3 (3-0) 19 Semester – 6 31. 46. Analytical techniques in Environmental Science 30. Biodiversity & Conservation 35. Applied Ecology 26. GIS & Remote Sensing 33. 45. Environmental Monitoring 36.
• Universities can choose from the list provided under general category 14 .• Four Credit Hour Course must include Lab/Practical.
socio-economic.L. E. Wright. 2007.M. Human environment and its problems: global. environmental pollution. R. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. 2007 3. B. Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future. Environmental Science: working with the Earth. and their relationships with various environmental factors. Recommended Books: 1. The course will impart knowledge about enzymes and phenomenon of hereditary transformation in living organisms. 15 . its importance in human life. regional. Pearson Educational. & Nebel. John Wiley & Sons.A. McKinney. nature and scope of Environmental Science and its contribution to society. current global. ecological. Different aspects of environment: physical. lipids. ethical.J. & Yonavjak. philosophical.B & Keller. 4th Ed. biological and social. development in industry and agriculture. R. Environmental challenges for sustainable development: current and future trends in population growth. Schoch. G. urbanization. Major components of environment: physico-chemical. 2007. Environmental Science: systems and solutions.T. Thomson Learning. Particular emphasis is on chemical basis of life and polymerization in carbohydrates. and national environmental challenges for sustainable development. 2. 4. poverty and resource depletion. Botkin. proteins and nucleic acids. Miller. its interdisciplinary nature and provide students with an understanding of the relationships between different components of environment. COURSE 2 BIOLOGY .DETAILS OF COURSES FOR BS (4-YEAR) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMESTER 1 COURSE 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3 (3-0) Objectives To introduce the students with basic concepts and the history of development of Environmental Science as an academic discipline..I Objectives 3 (2-1) The course provides wide range coverage to principles of life. 6th Ed. L. D. M. history. national. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. 2002. Course Outlines Introduction: basic concepts.. 10th Ed.
Crossley. Self Assessment and Revie. proteins. Origin of life: chemical evolution. Cassimeris. overview of structure and function of cell organelles. coordinate covalent bond. McGraw. lipids. USA. 2007. N. Molecular Biology through Questions. and Lewis. R.. USA. Bulter. R. V. carbohydrates. 2008. Wadsworth Group. C.. polypeptides in protein diversity. phospholipids in membrane systems.. 2007. USA. Canada. Structure and the basis of function. chemical basis of life. Plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in blood cells. M. Biology: a Human Emphasis. A. relying on physical chemistry and analytical reasoning. but also allows the rigorous development of experimental schemes and analysis methods. 5. Ltd. 2. 5th Edetion. enzymes as molecular tools in chemical transformations. origin of metabolism.Hill International Edition. Holes’s Human Anatomy and Physiology. Cell division. periodic tables with emphasis on heavy metals. Shier. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. G. Lingappa. The Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc. L. carboxylic acids. Introduction to cell biology. Course Outlines Chemical Bonding. J. 1. Lab Work Identification of the chemical nature of different animal and plant materials. Origin of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Aromatic compounds. 3. covalent. Biochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. and Whitelaw.Course Outlines Introduction: Definition and concept of life. Radioactivity and its environmental hazards. esters. D. General chemistry of functional groups of organic compounds (alcohols. Ionic. Lewis. Starr. McGraw –Hill Book Company Pvt. E. B. Gram staining of bacteria and study of fungus. 8th Ed. protobionts. 1996. Cells.. Study of mitosis in onion root tip. COURSE 3 BASIC CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(2-1) The main objective of this course is to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of chemistry and principles of chemical reactions. Nucleic acids. carbonyls. Cytochemical demonstration of DNA and RNA in Avian blood and Protozoa. Plopper. amines). functional groups in functional diversity: Molecules of life and Polymerization. the molecule of genetic information and replication.. New York. Recommended Books: Biology’ Campbell. Protein digestion by enzyme pepsin. Australia . 16 . 4. The course not only provides excellent practice in basic chemistry. chemical diversity. lipids. Study of meiosis in Grasshopper testis. 2003.
6th Edition. Use of titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. normal solutions/buffers. 2005. Colloids chemistry.. Measurement of pH. Column chromatography. real line. double angle formulas. Brimblecombe. minor and cofactor of a matrix.E. J. 4.. 5. values of trigonometric functions. Binomial theorem (Simple applications). Skoog. Trigonometry: Radian and degree measure of angles.A. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. Understanding Environmental Pollution.S. Jickells. Solution chemistry. graphs. determinants. P.. Canada. J.H. USA. 2nd Edition. Blackwell Science. M. COURSE 4 Mathematics-I Objectives 3(3-0) The course provides foundation of mathematics for the degree programme in Environmental Sciences.J. straight line and related concepts. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. The students will be able to understand and apply basic principles in practical field. Sequence and series: Arithmetic. D. Surface chemistry. 2004. 2004. Cambridge University Press. Paper Chromatography (one and two dimensional). 1st Ed. series and means. Liss. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. Andrews.M. Thomson and Brooks. increment in variable and distance between two points in plane. 2003. expansion of determinants. coordinate Geometry: Elementary concepts of Cartesian coordinates in the plane. 2004. Algebra of matrices. Freeman and Company. 8th Edition. B. Thin layer chromatography. USA. D.C.ions. F. and Reid. West. 3. law of Cosines. W. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry.. Jones and Barlett. Use of spectrophotometric techniques. P. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry..D. angle-sum formula. 2nd Edition... simultaneous equations and their solutions. and Holler. Recommended Books: 1... concepts of six basic trigonometric functions. UK.J. Arithmetic and Trigonometry Course Outlines Elementary Concepts: Real numbers and subsets of real numbers. UK. T. They will be equipped with the knowledge of basic principles of Algebra.E.Special Products (Binomial Expression). Girard. molal. Osmosis and Dialysis.K. D. EC and TDS in waste water. geometric and harmonic sequence. radicals. Harris. Equations and their solutions: Quadratic equations and their solutions by factorizat completing squares and quadratic formula. equations of lines (linear equations). 17 . Matrices and Determinants: Matrix. Hill. Lab Work Preparation of molar. basic trigonometric formulas (without derivations). Photochemical reactions. 2.
Introduction to rocks and minerals. Differentiation: Basic formulas of differentiations. G.. Narosa Publishing House. Earth as a member of solar system. Pacific Grove. earthquakes and volcanoes. erosion and related landforms. age. Abraham. joints. derivative of six basic trigonometric functions. cleavages. product and quotient rules without derivations). This will help the student to get the knowledge about different types of rocks and minerals. Jr. New Delhi. Smith. its importance and relationship with other sciences with special reference to environment. 2.A COURSE 6 3(3-0) Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Annexure . Integration: Formulas of integration. 4. Scott Foresman and Company. plate tectonics. Trignometry for College students. 18 . Basic principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation. Course Outlines Introduction and scope of geology and geography. by parts integration (simple applications).Cramer’s Rule. Fossils and their significance. Analytical Geometry of Two Dimension. different earth processes like mountain buildings. weathering and erosion. Chain rule. Addission. lineation and unconformities. theorem of integration. Calculus and Analytical Geometry. Introduction to sedimentary. Introduction to folds. theorems on differentiation (sum. composition and its internal structure. irreducible quadratic factors. California. igneous and metamorphic rocks. Recommended Books: 1.B SEMESTER 2 COURSE 7 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCES Objectives 3(2-1) This course aims to provide knowledge about the basic concepts of geology and geography. 4th Ed. 1999. and Finney. Analytical Geometry. nonrepeated linear factors. COURSE 5 English-I (Functional English) Annexure . R. D. Partial Fractions: Repeated linear factors. Thomas. K. foliation. Weathering. S. Chatterjee. faults.B.Wesley.. mountain building. L. The students will also be introduced to work with different type of maps and GPS system. the processes of their formation. earthquakes. 10th Ed. difference. its origin. J. 3. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. Geological time scale and life through geological ages.
Routledge. Lab Work Biodiversity studies in botanical and zoological gardens (plants. 3rd Edition. Diversity of life and ecological factors: Homeostasis.. Recommended Books: 1. Life in sea. D. crucial for organisms’ sustainability. K. How Does Earth Work. Biodiversity: Elements of biodiversity. biodiversity crises. R.. K. 2004. 5. F. Origin of taxonomy: Origin of species. Extinction: Ecological extinction and extirpation. Studies on structural diversity in plants and animals and their adaptation to their habitat. river / stream bank and microscopic biodiversity of its water.Lab Work Study of earth relief features with the help of topographical models and thematic maps. invasion of life on land. E. protocell formation. Evolution of biosphere: Origin of life. animals). causes of extinction. Lutgens. A. environmental changes and the basis of homeostasis in organisms. J. consequences of losing biodiversity.. 11th Edition. Course Outlines Introduction: Biosphere and biological resources. Lamarckism. Geological time chart with biodiversity. Biodiversity of deserts. E. and Tasa. Historical geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. Wicander. interactions among diversified life. Evolution as a force in diversity of life: Overview of earlier theories. unicellularity. multicellularity. population loss and decline. different classification systems.II Objectives 3 (2-1) This course aims to introduce the biosphere and its evolution. Use of brunton compass and GPS.. molecular basis of biodiversity. Smith. Biodiversity of hilly areas. Tarbuck. Darwinism. Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology. 2007 2. It describes the origin of taxonomic categories and explains biodiversity with special reference to decline and extinction of species and conservation. 5th Edition.. G. Physical Geology and Process of Science... 9th Edition. Prentice Hall.Identification of rocks and minerals. Park. Prentice Hall. J. and Pun. J. Biodiversity of canal. Geographical aspects of biodiversity. Prentice Hall: 2006. Earth Science. Tarbuck. 2005. COURSE 8 BIOLOGY .. R. F. Lutgens. 19 . Foundations of Structural Biology. 4. D.. Field Study tour. taxonomic categories and modern criteria of classification. G. examples of adjustments in varied environment. Brooks/Cole. measuring biodiversity. modern concepts. and Monroe. 2007 3. and Tasa.
New Directions in Anthropology and Environment: Intersections. Perspective of human-environment evolution. J. New York: New York University Press. 20 . Gaston. a Human Emphasis. John Wiley and Sons. Wadsworth Group. 2009. CA: AltaMira Press. Tripartite nature of environment. 3. 2006. IL:WavelandPress. Townsend. 2005. Crumley. Goals and expectations. USA. Consumption. Prospect Heights. Starr. Biodiversity (An Introduction). Bradbury. The course will emphasize how anthropologists work and the students will also learn the use of anthropology in handling some of these issues and therefore application will frame much of our class discussions. Ecotourism’s impact on the environment. The Ecology of global consumer culture. Hannen.Classification and general survey of animal and plant kingdom (Museum studies) Recommended Books: 1. 2000. Use of environment for vested interest. Contemporary environmental status. 2003. (editors). 2. The Biosphere. Blackwell Science Ltd. globalization and environmental issues. Inc.E ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY Objectives Environmental Anthropology is the study of applied action and/or advocacy research to address practical environmental problems. I. Recommended Books: 1. Culture. Scope and application. 2001. Allan & Carter.K. and Spicer. J. power & hegemony. 4. Environmental Risks and the Media. I. 3 (3-0) Course Outlines Relationship between environment. Routledge. UK. Chronological. Conceptualizing environment. K. UK. Understanding the environment-human relationship. UK. (editor). Inc. COURSE 9 STATISTICS COURSE 10 3 (3-0) Annexure . P.. K. 2009. 5th Edition. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology. Environmental Anthropology: From Pigs to Policies. 2nd Edition. and concerns. and Sustainable Living. Adam. L. C. Contemporary environment issues and debate. Biology.. R. C. Science and the globalization of environmental discourse. Walnut Creek. 3. 2. Nora and Wilk. culture and society.
computer programs and basic applications. Kluwer Academic Publishers.C SEMESTER 3 COURSE 13 2 (2-0) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Objectives 3(3-0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of computer science including computer components.5. processing hardware. Courter. lithosphere and hydrosphere are covered in detail and the effects of pollutants on each of these chemical processes are extensively considered.. it can have more advanced and contemporary applications including ozone depletion. Marquis A.. Recommended Books: 1. 21 . Long N. Ms-Access. physiochemical and biological treatment of pollutants and green chemistry. Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in nonwestern cultures. 2003. The chemistry of processes of the atmosphere. output hardware. Types and classification of computers.Microsoft office 2000.1999. Software: Application software. Introduction to MS-Word. Rutledge. G. software packages. Milton.A COURSE 12 3(3-0) ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Annexure .6th Ed. Fundamentals of computer. Ms-Power Point. Course Outlines Definition. Long l. COURSE 11 English-11 (Communication Skills) Annexure . Ed.London 1996. Environmentalism and anthropology: Exploring the role of anthropology in environmental discourse. Operating system (Windows). Storage hardware. internet.BPB publication COURSE 14 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to extend the fundamental knowledge of various pollutants and its interactions with environment. Selin. Configurations. Hardware: Input Hardware. as are their effects on the biosphere. 2. e-mail. After reviewing basic chemical concepts of environmental chemistry. K.H. Local Area Network. 6. Ms-Excel. system software.
Diffusion.. B. Liquids and Gasses. Fundamentals of aquatic. Green house effect and its effects on biological systems. Active control of sound. Sound and Noise. Samir. and Reid. Hernandez-Esparza. 1999. K. T. Andrews. Environmental impact of various industries. Jickells. trophic level. Banerji Prentice Hall of India. 1st Edition. Ibanez. G.S. Turbulent jets and plumes. Measurement and comparison of the 22 . P. A. M. Blackwell Science. Springer. Fregoso-Infante. atmospheric and soil chemistry. Jones and Barlett. 2004. Ozone chemistry. 2008. Turbulent diffusion..Course Outlines Concept and scope of environmental chemistry.M. and Singh. Reducing the transmission of sound. India. Human perceptions and noise criteria.E. Miller. 5. Solids. Course Outlines Introduction to environmental physics. J.. Energy. C. M. DoriaSerrano. Thomson-Brooks. Acid rain and chemistry of stone cancer. Radioactivity and nuclear physics. Equations of fluid dynamics. Ozone and UV light. Electromagnetic radiation. 2004..D.. photosynthesis. Scientific notations and mathematical hints for basic concepts. Liss.. Basic acoustics. COURSE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will provide an introduction to the physical principles that underlie environmental issues and their relationship with different types of interactions with energy and matter. Global climate and climatic change. Turbulence. J. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. 3. Nuclear energy. Girard. P.. Transport of pollutants. interaction of light with matter.E. 4. Fate of pollutants in environment. 2005.. Brimblecombe. Germany. Lab Work Study of the spectrum of light. Environmental Chemistry.. Environmental Chemistry.. Structure and function of spectrophotometer for absorption and transmission of light. Entropy. Solar spectrum. Energy conversion. J. UK. Isotopes and radioactive decay. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry.G.J. Environmental Science. kinetics and mechanism concerning to organic and inorganic pollutants. Canada.T. Particle physics. Recommended Books: 1. their sources and toxic actions. Heat radiation and heat transfer. USA. Chemical reactions. Conversion of mass. Gaussian plumes in the air. 2nd Edition. its causes and adverse effects on environment. 2..
Recommended Books: 1. 2. Guyot. Growth and development. UK. Pakistan economic context: National income. Todaro. economic growth. 2008. 2. The World Bank's annual World Development Report. 23 . Collection of particulate matter and its measurements by gravimetric methods. S. Producer behavior. Sustainable development in developed and developing countries. 2001. population and environmental quality. S. concepts and measurement. USA. M. and Pandis. Environmental economics. economic welfare and difference among all. Measurement the noise level at different location to assess the noise pollution using sound level meter. 2006. R. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Economic functions of environment. 4. It discusses the impacts of economic activity on environment and sustainable development. Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Repor. Routledge. Economic Development. Recommended Books: 1. scope and fundamental concepts of Economics: Consumer behavior. Impact of economic activity on environment. World Bank Publications. Boeker. Kentucky USA.light intensity at different locations and times using lux meter. 7th Ed. Environmental Physics. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. Smith. H. Growth and Environment..Economic development. C. E. P. Optimum utilization of resources from consumer. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Measures for sustainable development. Natural resources and the economy. Physics of the Environment and Climate. Introductory Environmental Physics. USA. J. Seinfeld. COURSE 16 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) The course aims to introduce the fundamental concepts of economics and provide understanding about economic development and economic growth. producer and community point of view. G. New York. Wesely Publishers. Yusuf. economic progress. and Resource allocation. Man environmental relationship. N.1998. Course Outlines Introduction to economics. 3. economic growth and its measurement. Sustainable development. interaction between ecology and economic management. 2001. 2008. Field visit. Praxis publishing. and Van Grondelle. poverty. USA. USA. Economic management and environmental quality.
species. Course Outlines Definition of philosophy. levels of ecological organization. community. Farmington Hills. 2007.. the ethics of soil. Kessinger Publishing.3. 2. First Lessons on Natural Philosophy. Recommended Books: 1. & Pierce. Frodeman. B. and systems ecology. Environmental philosophy and study of environment and environmental resources. B. Ecosystem and its types. Hanley. MI: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale. Shogren. Portland 1967. Swift. London. 4. J. Economics. J. and White. Environmental Critics of agriculture.A. Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice. Natural philosophy. Russell. Ancient and modern philosophy an overview. ethics and ecology. 3. M. Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy. branches of ecology. Palgrave Macmillan. B. temperature.. International Thomson Publishing. WCIV7AA. concepts and approaches. Introduction to ethical theory. DeVeer. soil. water. population. description of population. community and ecosystem. 2008. Callicott. World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. Touchstone Books. N. 2002. 2009. role of light. Course Outlines Introduction. D. 2008. World Bank Publications. A History of Western Philosophy.. Environmental philosophy and ethics. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy. 24 . its fundamental concepts..A COURS 18 PHILOSOPHY Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the philosophy related to environment includes Basic concepts and uses of philosophical approaches for solution of environmental problems. 4. COURSE 17 English – III (Technical Writing & Presentation Skills) 3 (3-0) Annexure . England. USA. C. LLC. SEMESTER 4 COURSE 19 FUNDAMENALS OF ECOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) To develop an understanding in the about ecology.V. Ecology. biogeography. USA. R.
and S. community dynamics. Ecological production: primary and secondary productivity. G. Population distribution and abundance. and More. bacteria and eukarya. Cambridge University Press. Chapman. aero-microbiology and food microbiology. landscape ecology. COURSE 20 ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide an awareness and understanding to the students about the role of microorganisms in the environment. students will be able to understand the significance. Introduction and general characteristics of archaea. characteristics of urban. various concepts of community. habitat and niche. 2001 5. King’s College London. Fundamentals of Ecology. Recommended Books 1. distribution limits. M J.L and Reiss. Biogeography (an ecological and evolutionary approach). 2000. Ecosystem: structure and function. biotic factors. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Pakistan. their distribution and potential threats to these ecosystems. 1992. 1st Ed. M C J 1st ed. P. Tata McGraw-Hill. Ecology (principles and applications). Concepts of Limiting factors. Dash. role and application of microorganisms in the environment. New Delhi. Course Outlines Introduction and historical perspective of environmental microbiology. ecological modeling. with special emphasis on their environmental impact. and Barett. 2004. energy flow and material cycling within ecosystem. Lab Work 25 . Fundamentals of Ecology. Systems ecology. agricultural and industrial ecosystems. 1999 4. New York.topography and air as ecological factors. C. aquatic microbiology. C. 5th Ed.) Moles. Populations. WCB/McGraw-Hill.Cox. M. landscape changes and their importance. 3. productivity of different ecosystems. plant geography and animal distribution. N. J. Odum. Microbiology of terrestrial environments. 2.W. carrying capacity and environmental resistance Community: organization. E P. Biogeochemical cycles of C. UK. B. Thomson Brooks/Cole. 6th Ed. After completion of this course. J. Microbial metabolism. Biomes of the world. Biodegradation and bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. population dynamics. Ecology (concepts and applications. UK.
Types of Environmental pollution: Air. P.D. USA. 26 . Characteristics of Domestic & Industrial effluents. G. transportation & treatments.and Brendecke. Hill. R....L. I. Harley. McInernery.. Recommended Books: 1. Fate of Environmental Pollutants. Prentice Hall. A.B. New Jersey. Pepper. Solid Waste generation. Case Studies. 4. Fuhrmann. P. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental pollution. J. Academic Press. and Jeffery. 2. Hurrst.M. Knudsen. Understanding Environmental Pollution. American Society for Microbiology. Dilution plate technique. D.. D. L. USA. 2005.Gerba. Butterworth-Heinemann. Crawford. Prescott. Cambridge UK. It will also cover the existing laws related to pollutants in Pakistan and the conventions ratified internationally. Manual of Environmental Microbiology.G. 2007. Academic Press.V. (Elsevier) USA.J. 3. C. 2.. Monitoring of Environmental Pollution. 5. Mean plate count. Academic Press. J..and Vesilaind.J.A. 1995. and Gerba. Collection. 2005. Hazardous Waste Management & Disposal.1998. R. USA. London.K. Maier. USA. and Stetzenbach. Chemistry of Environmental Pollution. Soil.F. J.A.J.P. Sylvia. Marine & Industrial pollution. Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology. Environmental Contaminants: Assessment & Control Dairel. and Klein.. Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual. M.I.L. L.P. Pollution Control Strategies. nd COURSE 21 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Objectives 3 (3-0) The course is focused on introducing environmental pollution. Hartel... Enumeration of coliform bacteria from drinking water. Washington DC. isolation. peppor.J.J. Water. USA.. its sources and their effects.M. UK. International Protocols (BASAL Convention). Effects of Pollutants. 3.P. McGraw Hill Inc. Microbiology. Environmental Pollution and Control. 2nd Edition. Recommended Books 1. Noise. M. Peiece.. Environmental Microbiology. D.W. F. Treatment Technologies for Pollutants: Industrial & Domestic. 2005.A.Introduction to basic techniques for sterilization/disinfection. Weiner. 2009. Environmental Laws: Pollutants Guidelines. C. Cambridge University Press.R.M. purification and preservation.C. W. 4th Edition.L. and Zuberer. 2 Edition.. Human & other living organisms. 2002.
Shamshad.M. COURSE 22 CLIMATOLOGY Objectives 3 (3-0) The objective of this course is to provide know-how regarding Earth's climate and weather systems. 5. Surface winds. Use and application of psychology in the world today (with special reference to Pakistan). concept of Seasons in the classification of climate.From Air Pollution to Climate Change Seinfeld. climatic zones of Pakistan. Lutgens. Methods of psychology. Environmental psychology. processes and the relationships between the atmosphere and climate. Lawrance K. Sadder. Austin Miller.F. The Atmosphere. Factors affecting air Pressure. Four Spheres of the Earth.W. Pandis. 9th Edition SHUBHI Publications. Spyros. Handbook of Industrial Waste Treatment. Vertical structure of the Atmosphere. John H. John Wiley and Sons. Mechanism of heat transfer.. global circulation. 2002. Recommended Books: 1. Tarbuck. 2006 5. A brief historical background and schools of psychology. 27 . COURSE 23 PSYCHOLOGY Objective 3(3-0) This course will give the basic knowledge to students about psychology and its applications and uses in the field of environmental sciences. 1992. Karachi. Heat and the Earth's atmosphere. Concepts of climate of Pakistan will also be provided. Houghton J. Course Outlines Introduction to psychology. . The Hydrologic cycle. K. The climate of Pakistan. 1988. Course outlines Introduction to Climatology and a brief History.E. 6th Edition. Marcel Dekkar. 2. A. local winds. condensation and cloud Formation. 3. Climatology. air pressure.K. 4. Solar radiations. The Physics of Atmospheres..J.4. The Meteorology of Pakistan: The climate and weathers of Pakistan. Royal book company. Cloud Classification. American Public Health Association (APHA). Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . 2003. Weather and Climate. N. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater.. Clouds and vertical motion in the atmosphere. Cambridge University Press. Radiation and climate.2nd Editions..
Pyto-remediation and bio-remediation. Environmental psychological concerns related to weather and climate change. Effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration on agriculture. Environmental Psychology. 5th Edition. Sustainable agricultural practices. Sustainable livestock management practices. Routledge. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. Taylor and Francis Group Publisher. species response to pollutants. Routledge. COURSE 24 ENGLISH-IV/ (University Optional ) SEMESTER 5 COURSE 25 APPLIED ECOLOGY Objectives 3(3-0) This course will make the students aware of the concepts of applied ecology and understand some major environmental issues such as global climate change. London. Environmental perception and cognition. Conservation and management of forests and rangelands in Pakistan. Ecological restoration. concepts. and Baum A. conservation of resources in ecological perspectives. Water resources of the world and Pakistan. Pollution control through Ecology. Application of ecological knowledge in solving different environmental issues. soil salinity and water logging. CRC Press. M. High population density and psychological impacts. Eysenck. Water as an ecological resource. 28 . Soil as a natural resource. Psychological theories about disasters and primary and secondary victims and impacts. their management and ecological restoration. Restoration of derelict lands. Background and scope. sustainable agriculture. Future water scenario of Pakistan. 1992. Bell. rivers.characteristics and research methods. energy and carbon balance... Course Outline Introduction. Management of aquatic ecosystems (marine.D. London. threats and mitigation. carbon dioxide and global climate change. 2.W. techniques and methods of restoration. basic concepts about pollutant transfer in plant and animals. soil erosion and conservation. P. Recommended Books: 1. solar radiation and primary production. CRC Press. Ecology of food production. Fisher J. Fundamental of Psychology.C. Theories of behaviors and behaviors relationship. Water and distribution of species. T. 2001. limitation of irrigated agriculture. Greene. soil resources of Pakistan. forests and ecosystems affected by invasive species.A. wetlands etc) with special emphasis on Pakistan.
USA. toxicity screening using microbial systems. Shirkat Gah.Recommended Books: 1. 2nd ed. their containment and control strategies. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications. Islamabad. 4. Rashid. D. Newman. Determination of chemicals in biological samples. and Memon. A. University of Peshawar. E. Potentiation and Addition. Zedler. Soil Science. biological effects. 2004. COURSE 26 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY Objectives 3 (2-1) The course will introduce the concepts of adverse toxic effects of environmental chemicals. Organs.P. Thomson Brooks/Cole. Falk. Response of the body systems to toxicological agents.. A. from natural and anthropogenic sources. Chemical interactions and their types. B. toxicological agents and their types based on chemical structures. Toxicological Testing: Acute & Chronic Toxicity Testing. Dose-response relationship: developing a D/R Curves for chemicals in ling organisms. 2000 2. dose response relationship in living organisms. Determination of Interaction of chemicals. dose and dose response relationship: Threshold limit for chemicals. 1996. Applied Ecology and Environmental Management.. Course Outlines Introduction to Toxicology: History. 1989.1998. toxins vs toxicants. 5th Edition. Odum E.W. and Hobbs. water and soil. 29 . P. in vivo & in vitro assays. Oxford.National Book Foundation. Immunological considerations in toxicology.I.A. J. 3. K and Habib. Island Press. Peshawar. Anthropogenic chemicals as toxicants. on human and other living organisms. Classification of environmental toxicants: Natural & anthropogenic. short term (acute) and long-term (chronic) effects on organ system. Mumtaz. K. 2006. terminologies: Poisons. Fundamentals of Ecology. Organ system and effects of toxicants on Organ system..S. J. Studies in Pakistan Geography. Blackwell Scientific Publications. toxins & toxicants. R. G. The course is focused on providing knowledge related to toxic chemicals in air. Toxicant metabolism and accumulation in body organs and pathways. soil and air samples. Risks and their characterization: risk assessment and management Laboratory Work Determination of chemicals in water. 5. toxicology of chemicals. Toxicological testing techniques: in vitro & in vivo techniques. Synergism. Margaret A. Toxicity: Types and its measurement. long-term (Chronic) & short-term (Acute) effects.. and Barett. Israr-ud-Din. Foundations of Restoration Ecology. Pakistan’s Environment. Lahore.
1 & 2. urbanization and pollution. P. USA. 1st Edition. Environmental Toxicants (Human exposure and their Health Effects) Lippmann. topographic zones.). geography. Recommended Books: 30 . USA. USA. the environmental aspects of different international economic agreements. Klassen.M. 1989 COURSE 28 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives 3(3-0) This course is expected to educate the students the role of economics in achieving sustainable development. Vol. 1992. 1996. 1993. Government of Pakistan.Recommended Books 1. measuring environmental benefits. COURSE 27 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Objectives 3(3-0) To provide students with a comprehensive knowledge about the environmental resource base of Pakistan in order to learn its efficient utilization for sustainable development. 1st Edition. Course Outlines Introduction. industry. CRC Press Llc. General and Applied Toxicology. culture. W. Course Outlines Introduction to history. (ed. State of the Environment-Pakistan . economic aspects of different environmental problems. education. Ballantyne.. T and Turner.2005 2. Hughes. 5th Edition. Macmillan Press Ltd. estimation of economic losses due to pollution and their abatement. First and Second law of Thermodynamics. Essentials of Environmental Toxicology. pollution control-a general model. W. Ecological: ecological zones. Williams. economic development and the environment. 3. health. 2005 2. Environmental Profile of Pakistan. international trade and the environment. people. the economic benefits of different environmental resources. land. Van Nostrand and Reinhold New York. valuing the environment and cost-benefit analysis. clean development mechanism. M.D.Science of Poisons . 3. Recommended Books 1. McGrawhill. B. Casarrett & Doull’s Toxicology. major ecosystems. the economy and the environment. water resources. Economic: agriculture.
Spectroscopy and Chromatography. Sparrow and D. Spectroscopy and Chromatography for the analysis of environmental samples. 6th Edition. M.K. Gravimetery.C.2004.1. Collingwood.. K. 3. BOD. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry.I. Kolstad. Turner. Purposes and designs of environmental sampling. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water & Wastewater. Data interpretation for quality control. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual. Thomson and Brooks. water and plant analysis. A Greenberg (American Public Health Association). A. 8th Edition. COD. and F. Australia.I. Peverill. Titrimetery. 1999.R. 2000. Sample preservation methods. D. soil (NPK and organic matter contents. M. Conductivitymetry. 2005.and Field. 1993. Course Outlines Quality assurance in an Environmental Science laboratory.2002. Pearce.D. Oxford University Press. Lab Work S. D. 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin. salinity & sodicity). Determination of chemical characteristics of water and waste water (pH. handling. Field. Environmental economics: An elementary introduction.J. Skoog. I.UK.. and Batemen. C. USA. Reuter. Recommended Books: 1. Analytical techniques for soil. Johns Hopkins University Press.L. preparation and storage. J. NO3–N & NH4-N).. B. Biomarkers in environmental assessment. C.. Preparation of Standard solutions and Standard curve. Harris. All Solids. Sample collection. Environmental Economics: An Introduction. instruments & analytical procedures and their skills about practical aspects of environmental science will become more productive.. CSIRO Publ. D.W. precision and accuracy. Holler. Freeman & Co. Environmental Economics. 31 . Instrumentations: principles and procedure for Potentiometery. Standard solutions and standard curves. New York. Titrimetery. 2003. Use of Potentiometery. Gravimetery. 2. Conductivitymetry. units. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. West.K. Fluoride. L. and derived S.A. 3. 4. 2. Oxford. D. COURSE 29 ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 3(1-2) Objectives The course will educate the students about different types of solutions..
4. JohnWiley and Sons Ltd. Germany. Tools in environmental biotechnology. After completion of this course. USA. Hans- Joachim. 2005. Environmental Biotechnology. Introduction to microbial kinetics. Sambrook. Scragg..W. Derbre. National Biotechnology Commission. J. Bioreactors. A. W. 2007. Key elements and components of biosafety regulatory systems.E. 2nd Ed.COURSE 30 ELECTIVE-I SEMESTER 6 COURSE 31 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHN OLOGY Objectives 3(2-1) This course will provide sound technical foundation for using biotechnology in solving environmental issues and cleanup of the polluted environments. Recommended Books 1. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. Biotechnology. Government of Pakistan. New York. and Josef. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual.living organisms and biomolecules as sensor of environmental pollution. Chichoster. Biomarkers. Ethic and legal problems in creations and use of transgenic plants. (ed.D. Isolation. 2005. Biotechnology and biosafety issue/global concerns. Basic Molecular biology: Essential techniques. Smith. COURSE 32 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM& REMOTE SENSING 3(2-1) 32 . D. Lab Work Introduction to basic molecular techniques. 2001. and application of biotechnology in the environment. 2009. 5th Ed. 3. National Biosafety Guidelines. students will be able to understand the significance. Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications. USA. Cambridge University Press.P. Course Outlines Introduction. England. 2. bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated environment. purification and preservation of DNA. Oxford University Press. J. Transgenic safety protocols and field testing procedures. USA. Biosensor. Wiley-VCH Verlag. J.1999. Possible influence of transgenic crops on non-target organisms. and Russel.). PCR. New York. Recombinant DNA technology..
Energy Sources. Introduction to relevant Pakistani Institutions working in GIS.Objectives The main objectives of the GIS/RS are to maximize the efficiency of decision making and planning. Course Outlines Fundamentals of Remote Sensing. Geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) had been one of the key subprojects envisaged in the National Information System. A Primer of GIS-fundamentals Geographic and Cartographic Concepts. Agriculture. Lab Work Introduction to ArcView. Reading maps (Maps characteristics) Recommended Books: 1. 5. Image Processing. Introduction to Photogrammetry. Remote Sensing of the environment: An Earth perspective. Introduction to GIS. energy matter interaction in the atmosphere. Different types of maps. Dessinov. John Wiley and Sons. History and data collection. 2. 2009. history and platforms. Preparation of thematic maps. F. Campbell. Harvey. integration of information from many sources. Rancez. Dynamic Earth Environmental Remote Sensing Observations from shuttle Mission. R. 2008. 4. Remote sensing of vegetation and landscape. Iontegration with other technologies and its importance. Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA). Z. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. Satellite Imageries. map projection and coordinate systems. 2000. COURSE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives 3(2-1) 33 . Inc. Cartography. advantages and limitations of process. Inc. Lulla. John Wiley and Sons. 2000. The attempts of a digital description of that world create a computerized GIS which is usually a partial description of the world in relation with some feature tasks. K and L. Inc. Data acquisition. Guilfoud press New York. Fundamental of Geographic Information System(GIS). Data entry and output. A. Jensen. Types of data used in GIS. analysis and output. Aerial photography. Fishery and wildlife. Using and reading GPS in field. Forestry. eradication of the duplicated data. Pearsons Education. V. GIS applications in: Environmental protection and resource conservation. Active and Passive remote sensing. 1999. Mc Graw Hill Education. 3. provide efficient means for data distribution and handling. Interpretation.
2. Sheldon. 2001. Systems and Support Techniques.3rd Edition . 3.C. 2005. International Organization for Standardization. Environmental Management Systems: A step-by-step Guide to Implementation and Maintenance. hot spots of biodiversity. American Society for Quality. M.). need and approach. standards and guidelines. B. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). and Qasim. philosophical. M. tools of sustainable consumption and production (eco label.This course will educate students about the Environmental Management Systems and how they lead environmental benefits. principles of Cleaner production. threats to biodiversity. plant. WWF Pakistan. 2006. Environmental Management tools. and will help to learn waste minimization methods and principles of cleaner production. economic. EMAS Environmental Management and Auditing Systems: A Practical Guide for the Development and Implementation of an Effective Environmental Management System. Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: NSF International Ann Arbor. Environment and sustainable development. American Society for Quality. 4. Methods of environmental protection. ecological. Certification of EMS.. Michigan. COURSE 34 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Objectives 3(3-0) The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with different forms of biodiversity. Environmental/social Auditing procedures and reporting processes. Lab Work Industrial Field Trip Recommended Books: 1. Conservation of biodiversity. eco-design.. Environmental Management Systems Principles. types of biodiversity. Course Outlines Introduction. 1998. cleaner technologies.2nd Ed. Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles. Environmental Economy. Course Outline Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS). Khan. etc. Environmental aspects and impacts. 34 . and Yoxon. threats to biodiversity and its conservation.. social and ethical values of biodiversity. A. Introduction of ISO 14000 series of standards and their role in environmental management. alpha and beta diversity. F. Related Environmental legislation. animal and microbial resources of world and Pakistan.
cities.. Saad Printers. P. P. conservation in man-made ecosystems. 2000. 1998. objectives of sampling and monitoring programme.e.D. Rawalpindi. Field visit/ study tour to water testing laboratory/local water authority and report writing. forests. Lab Work Sampling techniques (air. in-situ and ex-situ conservation. 2000. ecotourism. role of protected areas and ecological corridors in conservation. laboratory custody. Report on monitoring of municipal waste in the city. Sunderland. quality control sampling.B. Illustrated Handbook of Biodiversity of Pakistan. field custody. conservation and livelihood. EIA requirement. presampling requirements/information. COURSE 35 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Objectives 3(3-0) This course aims to provide information of techniques used in environmental monitoring and evaluation of different standards of environmental factors i. London. 2ndEd. water. croplands. Quality assurance and quality control. C. regulatory purposes for NEQS compliance. 3. Study the indicators for biological monitoring of the river and canal water. population. the indicators for ecological monitoring in the field for fauna and flora. Visit to GIS laboratory (WWF-Pakistan. NOC for plant operation. Planning analytic protocols quality assurance programmes.R. Legal protection of species. protected areas. Course Outlines Introduction. Mirza. Determination of concentration and distribution of a specific pollutant environment sampling techniques. Z. Lahore). sampling and design purposes. Kings College. community and ecosystem level. Cox.. air. Sinauer. Biological indicators for environmental monitoring. Publ. national and international laws and regulations. Visit to EPD for the study of air and water monitoring procedures. soil and living organisms. Considerations. role of traditional knowledge in conservation. their categories.B.. National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan. Use of various instrumental techniques for analysis of samples. chemical addition. Biogeography.B. 2. refrigeration and freezing methods. and Morre. conservation strategies. international agreements. Associates Inc. 35 . plants. habitats. management.conservation at species. Preservation methods including pH control. design and types of samples. quality assessment. role of biomarkers in environmental assessment. Recommended Books: 1. water and soil) for physical and chemical monitoring. Conservation of wildlife. A Primer for Conservation Biology.
Climate classifications: Köppen Global Climate. extinctions. Chapman and Hall. . D.. Physical. and the interactions between climate and the global environment. The Measurement of Climate Change. its causes and effects. and worldwide perspectives in terms of Climate Change. Murai. chemical. McKlivie. H. regional. 1992. 2002. 3. Precipitation. Global Climate Change: Causes & Consequences: Natural & Anthropogenic sources. I. Patterns in Winds and Pressure. Chuviero. Electromagnetic Radiation and the Global Energy Budget.Recommended Books: 1. S. 2002. L. (ed) Springer. biological. Environmental Chemistry. Ozone depletion. Predicted changes to the physical world: Predicted changes to the biological world: range shifts. 2nd Edition. (eds. Burden. Lewis Publisher London. and Guethner. USA. Animal Biomarker as pollution indicators: Ecotoxicology Series 1. Course Outlines Introduction to the earth's climate: climate change. and social factors contributing to climate and global change. The Causes of Climate Change: Global warming and greenhouse effect. Manahan. 2000. 2. agriculture. Human responses to potential climate change. human health.) McGraw-Hill. 8. E. Tokyo. It will also discuss a variety of intriguing issues in Climate and Science that brings change due to human intervention. Korte. Knowledge about the gases and process responsible for climate change will be given in this course.1999. phenological changes. The course will help in understanding the scientific evidence supporting each topic and how it fits into the local. Japan Association on Remote Sensing. 6. UK. COURSE 36 ELECTIVE-II SEMESTER 7 COURSE 37 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives 3 (3-0) The objectives of this course are to provide introduction to climate change. Environmental Monitoring Handbook. E. Keith. 2008. Regional droughts and 36 . A Guide for the technical Evaluation of Environmental Data. Peakall. Forstner U. N.. altered community structure.1996. Earth Observation of Global Change.USA. Environmental Sampling and Analysis: A Practical Guide. D. Energy and Temperature. USA. Recent Climate Change Indicators. Remote Sensing Note. New York. 2008. S. Air Pollution and Acid Rain. Moisture in the Atmosphere. F. Technomic Publishing Company Inc. USA. 5. 7. R.
. solids. Recommended Books: 1. Hardy. review of EIA quality. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. Recommended Books: 1. John Wiley & Sons. Blackwell. Cost and benefits of EIA. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. 2005.. Islamabad.Causes. D. EIA Regulations 2000 of Pakistan. Future Climates and the Consequences: Ground and Satellite Based Measurements Solutions & Alternates to man-made problems.A. 2. Sringer. Ministry of Housing and Works. 1st Edition. J. Effects. Hydrocarbons & their byproducts. Hardy. Global Warming and Climate Change. reporting. Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (vol 1 & 2). decision-making to implement the project. National Environmental Quality Standards for air. 2003. 3. T. Oxford. role of quality assurance and quality control in environmental analysis. Effects. 1994.Causes. 2003. screening. 2004.O. policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems. project implementation and follow up. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. and Chadwick. A. 5. possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized. principles and purposes of IEE and EIA and its significance to the society.cataclysmic climate change. Environmental impact assessment: Guidelines by the Government of Pakistan. London. Keith. 2005.). 3. Houghton. Routledge. Therivel.(ed). and noise. impact analysis.. Earthscan Publication Ltd. 2.. Petts. Climate Change . National Book Foundation. and the public is informed about the project proposal Course Outlines Introduction. Climate Change . J. R. scoping. J. EIA project management. social impact assessment (SIA).. Islamabad. A. 6. and Solutions. J. 4. London.T. Glasson. overview. public involvement. Global Change and the earth system. Types & Resources to produce Energy. 4. 2005. COURSE 38 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives 3(3-0) The aim of this course is to ensure that environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process of a development project. (ed. Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice.. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment. and Solutions. J. John Wiley & Sons. liquid. law. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. Harrop. mitigation and impact management. Main stages in EIA process. 1986. 2000.. 1999. 37 . Role of Energy Production in climate change: Fossil fuels. & Nixon.
Ludwig. Wildlife: Management existing situation at national level. R. methodologies. Use of interdisciplinary approach for sustainable management of the natural resources. Land use Planning and Management: evolution of land use planning. Recommended Books: 1. B..5. field visit to develop a land use plan for selected area. management options. Water Resources Management: Available waters resources. Carpenter. threats. A. effective management. wildlife census. sustainable/trophy hunting projects and its role in local and national development. and Tu.. best available option for future. agriculture products and their share in GDP. existing situation reason for decline and its potential in the national economy. Goldsmith. United Nations Environment Programme. causes and methods for its improvement. review of land use plans developed by the various organizations. & McCabe. reasons for its decline and its possible remedies. national and provincial legislation. Watershed management: Importance basic principles. Asian Development Bank. 2002.. Course Outlines Introduction: Non-renewable and renewable resources. limitation in the future. Fisheries Management: Types of fishes in Pakistan. and existing situation in world in general while in Pakistan particularly. B. wind power and nuclear power. forest types and its existing management. process and contents of the management plan.). Everitt. solar power.. S. (ed. agriculture chemicals. New York. 1997. their pros and cons. 2nd Edition. occurrence and distribution of natural resources. H.B and Warren.. importance.. J. Agricultural Resources Management: Existing situation of agriculture sector in Pakistan. Types. management options. Conservation in Progress. R. 38 . Sadler. problem in agriculture. F. USA. Energy and Mineral Resources Management: present situation at national level. requirement. John Willey & Sons. national example. Evans. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia.. 6. their current status and threats. threat and its causes. 1993. Rangeland Management: existing status. Lohani. EIA Manual: Training Resource Manual. COURSE 39 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(3-0) To train students on the identification. M. existing management approaches. national agriculture policy. Development of Management Plan: needs.
. to introduce students to research design. Dasmann. USA.E. Elsevier.1991 COURSE 40 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE Objectives 3 (3-0) The course will provide participants with an introduction to the knowledge and skills necessary to develop a research proposal and subsequently to conduct a research study.F. research methods. Research Design & Research Methods. Environmental Conservation. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. Review of Literature. Islamabad. concepts and terminologies. Material Methods. Introduction to Environmental management development in Environmental modeling. & Plano Clark.2. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. S. Pearce & Turner Harvester Wheatsheaf.E. W. types of sampling design/. New York. Experimental Research. and the process of doing research and reporting the results Course Contents Introduction to Research. Data Collection: Techniques in data collection: Quantitative & Qualitative Data. population and sampling frames. Analytical tools in research: qualitative and quantitative methods. Questionnaire. How to put things together? Introduction.Amsterdam. Methodology. GOP and IUCN. Hansen. 39 . R. Creswell. V. Review of Literature. Scientific Research: Science. Scientific Methods. Search Engines.L. London. 1992. 5. to develop skills in reading research papers and in writing reviews with critical thinking skills & to evaluate a range of specific literature via the ability to reason clearly and think critically. Critical Thinking and Developing the Research Question: Defining the Research Problem. Literature Search: Database. Data Analysis: Data Interpretation: Current data interpretation with comparative studies (Inter-laboratory comparison). Research Presentation Techniques – Data presentation Recommended Books: 1. Thousand Oaks. Techniques & Pre-requisites for Scientific Research. Research Proposal Writing Techniques: Importance of Research Design. Objectives. 1990. John Wiley & Sons. 4. Interviews. Research Proposal: its importance . 2007. Case Studies. J. Surveys. 3. Inference based on findings. P. 1984. Sage CA. Bibliography. It will help: to develop research abilities in the activities of research design and practice. and Jorqensen. Selecting the Research Method.A pre-requisite for Research. Sampling: the logic of sampling. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS).
Wadsworth Publishing Company. Government of Pakistan 3. 5. Univ. Law Books House. 2008.USA. M. Recommended Books: 1. Chichester. 1st Edition Jones and Bartlett Publishers. 2001 and the rules of business made there under. 3rd Edition. National Conservation Strategy 5.. 1997. Writing Science Through Critical Thinking. Qadar. John and sons Ltd.S. Sage Publishers. Diamon.. Robert Yin. Babbie. Marilyn F. 2. G. 1989. 3. and Arhonditsis. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. Students project in Environmental Science. regulations made there under. environmental provisions in the Local Government Ordinance. Conservation Strategies and Action Plans. Survey Research Methods. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act. 1997. The Craft of Research by Wayne C. 2003. Booth. Environmental Laws and their implementation in Pakistan. 2003. 2000. COURSE 41 ELECTIVE –III COURSE 42 ELECTIVE –IV SEMESTER 8 COURSE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS & POLICIES Objectives 3 (3-0) To give an understanding of the role of state and its instruments in the governance of environment in order to learn responsibilities of state and rights of its citizens for environmentally sustainable development. E. 2001. 6. R. 2nd Edition.Harrad. Belmont California. S. COURSE 44 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 3 (3-0) 40 . England. USA.Batty. National Environmental Policy 4. 4..2. USA. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 and the rules.h. Moriarty. of Chicago Press. SNBP Local Government Ordinance. Course Outlines National Environmental Policy of Pakistan and its implementation. Environmental provisions in the constitution of Pakistan..
This course is designed to introduce participants to various environmental factors affecting human health. The course contents emphasize on the environmental health core issues of air, land and water pollution; and public and community health. The prevention of morbidity and mortality in human populations through the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the environment will be presented using the tools of epidemiology, toxicology, law, and risk assessment and communication techniques.
Introduction: concept, basic requirements for a healthy environment; Communicable & Non-communicable diseases; Environmental Exposure: Measuring environmental quality; Human exposure and health Impact: Impact of environmental factors on health, Role of environmental health professional; Nature of environmental hazards, Risk assessment, Risk management, Air, Water and sanitation, Food and agriculture, Health and disease; Human settlement and urbanization, Health and energy use. Health and development, Health indicators, Industrial pollution and chemical safety; Trans-boundary and global health concerns, Action to protect health and the environment; Epidemiology of infectious diseases, Communicable diseases, Non-communicable diseases; Introduction to Immunology, Pathology, Epidemiology; Occupational Health Safety devices; Laws and Regulations
1. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi, A., Kjelllström, T., de Kok, T. and Guidotti, T. L., 1st Edition . Oxford University Press New York, USA, 2001. 2. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works) Nebel, B. J. and Wright, R. T., 8th Edition. Prentice Hall International Inc. London, UK, 2004. 3. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). Lippmann, M. V. N. and Reinhold, J . 1st Ed. New York, USA, 1992. 4. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Park, K., 2nd Edition. M/s Banarsid. 2002. 5. Medical Microbiolog, Khan, A.M., 1st Edition. Time Publishers, Karachi, 2001. COURSE 45
POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
The course objectives are: to provides an overview of types and sources of pollution; to determine the effects of soil , water and air pollution; meteorology as related to dispersion of pollutants in air, water, and soil; to discuss various techniques in pollution control and the regulatory environment facing sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental Pollution and Pollutants: An introduction; Pollution and Environmental Ethics: Roots of our problem, Environmental ethics as public health, conservation and preservation, Ethics for non-human nature; Environmental Risk Analysis: Risk, Risk Assessment, Risk Management; Pollution Concept: Types of Pollution, Air, water and soil pollution – Causes and Consequences; Control technologies for Air, Water and Soil Pollution; Municipal and Solid Waste (MSW) Management: minimization techniques, controls and 3-Rs: reuse, recycling & recovery; Energy Recovery from organic MSW; Landfill sites and their potential for recycling waste; Waste water treatment technologies: estimates, treatments and utilization; Membrane Technology; Reuse, Recycling and Recovery; Hazardous Waste Management: segregation of healthcare and municipal waste; Radioactive waste: Sources, health effects, waste management; Noise pollution & its Effects: Control technologies for its containment; Other Pollution Controls: Biotechnology for environment: bioremediation for Industrial pollution control, oil spills and pesticides; Occupational Health Safety devices: Laws & Regulations regarding waste
1. Environmental Pollution & Control. and Peiece, J.J., Weiner, R.F., and Vesilaind, P.A. 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (Elsevier) USA,1998. 2. Understanding Environmental Pollution Hill, M.K., 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Control Engineering, Nevers, N D, McGraw-Hill. USA, 1995. 5. Industrial Water Pollution Control , Felder, E., 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, USA, 1989. 6. Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Cheremisinoff, N. P., Prentice Hall, India, 1996. 5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Handbook, Freeman and Harry, M, McGraw-Hill, USA, 1995. COURSE 46
RESEARCH PROJECT/ INTERNSHIP
E-I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY
To provide the students with basis knowledge of biochemistry and its application in environment. 3(3-0)
Introduction: Scope and importance of biochemistry in Environmental Sciences. Cells; biochemical aspects of constituents and functions of cell organelles. General Phenomena: Law of mass action, dissociation of water and pH value, buffers, diffusion, transport mechanisms across biomembranes and osmosis. Carbohydrates. Classification, structures and isomerism. Metabolism of carbohydrates; glycolysis, Kreb cycle and photosynthesis. Proteins: Classification of proteins, biochemical functions, amino acids; structure and classification, essential and non-essential amino acids, peptide linkage and polypeptides. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. Hydrolysis of protein and reactions of amino acids in the body, Urea cycle. Effect of environmental pollution at protein level. Enzymes: Characteristics, classification, specificity and inhibition, prosthetic groups, coenzymes and compounds related to nucleic acids, NAD+, NADP, + ATP, FMN and FAD. Role of enzymes in environmental issues. Application of enzyme immobilization to control various types of pollution. Toxicant detoxification through enzyme action. Lipids: Classification, characteristics. Structures and classification of fatty acids and triglycerides. Hydrolysis of fats, B-oxidation of fatty acids. Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA; their functional and structural differences in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Effect of pollution on DNA.
1. Nelson, D.L. and M.M. Cox. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry,
5th Edition. Worth Publishers, USA. 2008. 2. Text Book of Medical Biochemistry, Chatterjee, M.N and R. Shinde.. 6th Ed. Jaypee Publishers, India. 2008. 3. Harper’s Biochemistry, Mortin, D.W., P.A. Mayes, V.W. Rodwell and D.K. Granner. 2006. 27th Ed. Appleton and Lange, USA. 4. Rahman, K. Basic Concepts in Biochemistry. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed. A l -U mar P ubl i s her, P ak i s t an. 2004.
and Malik. integrated water resources management (IWRM). climate change and its impacts on our future water resources.E-2 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objectives 3(2-1) The aim of this course is to educate students about the Water Resources Management with reference to Pakistan. water relevant intuitions and authorities in Pakistan. how to minimize their wastage and how to increase its efficiency especially in irrigation sector. Khan. 2. Pakistan. R.Varis. and Qamar. Mirajuddin Publication . A. 3. A. Problems and Politics of Water Sharing and Management in Pakistan. Revised & enlarged edition. Briscoe. R. wetlands resources management. and Tortajada. water supply and demand management measures. 2005. Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia. Biswas. virtual water. hydrological cycle. improving water productivity/irrigation water efficiency. SDPI Oxford University Press. Lahore. C... Mirajuddin Publication . water resources management and future challenges in Pakistan. with drinking water facilities like springs. Islamabad. 44 . groundwater exploitation. Pakistan’s Water Economy Running Dry. Oxford University Press New Delhi.. 4. N.K. watershed/catchment. J. 2006. Recommended Books: 1. water quality and quantity aspects.).. Lab Work One to two day study tour(s) to visit water supply & waste water treatment plant. Water Resources of Pakistan and their Utilization. Islamabad. flood and drought management. it’s over-mining and pollution and urbanization aspects. Groundwater Resources of Pakistan. like solid waste and waste water disposal into the natural streams etc. tubewells. Course Outlines Water resource and its management. (ed. precipitation distribution in Pakistan. pollution aspects. Oxford University Press Karachi. fisheries management. 6. 2003. N. U. Pakistan . 5. Indus Water Accord 1991. A. Asia Printer. The Politics of Managing Water.Lahore. (eds. P. flood and droughts.. K.1993. water conservation and rain water harvesting in urban and rural environment. Ahmed. 1993.. Bengali.). I.. O. 2006. Ahmed. recycling and re-use of wastewater. Cheema. Indus Water Treaty 1960 (IWT).
Physical and chemical properties of soil.. Soil forming minerals. National Book Foundation. students will be better equipped with the information about the ways and means for better and efficient management of soils for healthy environment for future generations.C. N. Cation and anion exchange. Definition. Islamabad. Factors and processes of soil formation. Upper Saddle River. Soil buffering capacity and its importance. humans as components of urban ecosystems. Physical and chemical processes of weathering. and Bantel. the salient features of urban environments. 2007. Environmental impact of agricultural and Industrial wastes. future of urban centers. 2008. E-4 Urban Environments Objectives 3(3-0) This course is aimed at providing students information about the different aspects of ever-increasing urbanization.W. Recommended Books: The Nature and Properties of Soils. R. Brady. 1996.R. Prentice Hall. Soils in Our Environment. Types and properties of parent materials. environmental problems of urban life and their possible solutions. NJ. Gardiner. Hillel. San Diego.E-3 SOIL AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives 3(3-0) This course will provide students with the knowledge of the basic properties and significance of soil and its care for sustainable environment. transport. PrenticeHall. soils. Bashir. Urbanization. Course Outlines Introduction. D. urban landscapes characteristics. urban patterns and ecosystem functions. 45 . Urban ecology: atmospheric processes. Soil as a natural sink for pollutants. management and green productivity. urban political ecology. Miller. 11th Edition. USA. USA. Forms of urbanization. urban settlements. Process and outcome. Academic Press. E. R. Causes of urbanization. Soil degradation. Upper Saddle River. 1. urban flora and fauna. urbanization in Pakistan. Pakistan. D.T. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. NJ. Urban ecosystem.. CA. After completion of this course. hydrological processes. and Weil. R. 2007. USA. Soil Science. Course Outlines Introduction. Environmental implications of fertilizers and agrochemicals. residential mobility and the neighborhood change.
It describes different theories and planning system of different cities in Pakistan and some countries in Asia and Europe. UK. New York. SAGE Publications Ltd. Planning and its relationship with other professions. O. Justification for planning for city management. The Ecology of Urban Habitats. 2004. Course Outline Introduction to Urban Planning and Management. Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments. A. The Works: Anatomy of a City. Planning and Urban Change. Planning theories and concepts. Surveys and Study of unplanned areas in a city to assess the impacts on environment. 2006. UK. Survey and field work in industrial states around city to assess the impacts of industrialization on land degradation. Aims and Objectives of planning.. Silberstein. Penguin Group. USA. Ward. Hough. 1989.. Sukopp. To study impacts of urban sprawl and urbanization on energy and water resources of the area.S. Principles of planning. Hague. E-6 URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (2-1) The course aims to provide basic concepts of urban planning and its relation with environmental management at different administrative levels. London. 3. Routledge. I.. 2000. City Design for Sustainable Development. Types of Urban Plans. J. Springer. Alberti. Recommended Books: 1. Levels of planning. nd 2 Edition. New trends in planning and city management.Recommended Books: Urban Ecology. M. The planning process. USA. V. Applications of urban planning concepts to address the environmental issues at local level. 46 . 2.L. Land use planning theories. Routledge. Chapman and Hall. Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems. 2004. 1. D. London. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability. S. Introduction to planning system in Pakistan. Kate. SBS academic publishing. Gilbert. Smith.and Kowaril. CRC Press LLC. UK. 5. Lab Work Surveys and Study of planned areas in a city to assess the urban management plans.. Preparation of Urban and environmental management plan for a selected city or part of a city.1990. 2009. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. S. M. 2007. Elements of urban planning. nature and purpose of urban planning. Hejny.. Scope. C. UR. H. 4.and Maser. 2.
UNESCO. The Environment as Hazard Burton I.J. Hazard and vulnerability reduction and Mitigation: hard and soft measures. Clara. Factors of vulnerability: Demographic factors. Natural Disasters Alexander. Course Outlines Natural hazards and disasters: The need for hazard and disaster studies.W. Landslide. Role of Media in Disaster Management. 1993. Risk and Vulnerability: Definitions and characterization. Islamabad. Techniques and methods to assess hazard. Political factors.W. Chapman & Hall. Role of Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs).. assessment of factors which put societies in vulnerable situations to the disaster management continuum. this course also aims to make an assessment of the consequences of ‘natural’ catastrophic at both short and long terms... Cultural factors. 1993. 2nd Edition. Historical background on Hazard and Disaster research.B. UK.. It discusses a wide range of aspects.3.. P. D. 2. H. E&UA Div. 1993. Flood Management: Organizational Role. Disaster Management: Components of management.F. Physical factors. and Woodrow. Disaster Management Trainings and Policies. and White G. M. Flooding. Kates. Boulder .. International phenomenon. 3. E-7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT Objectives 3 (3-0) This course will provide know how in dealing with natural calamities and their management by encompassing the field of hazard and disaster studies. Earthquake. Natural cycles and their role. Recommended Books: 1. The impact of natural disasters: Direct and shortterm impact of disasters. 1991. Ministry of Housing and Works. ADB. Introducing Town Planning. Longman Group. It finally tends to provide the students with basic knowledge on hazard reduction and vulnerability mitigation. Westview Press. Socio-economic factors.. New York.. To underline the importance of disasters in socio-economic development. National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. Indirect and long-term consequences of catastrophies.e. 1986. Disaster its types: Natural vs Man-made. 4. Disaster as an opportunity for development. The Guilford Press. Earthquake Management. G. R. 47 . Government of Pakistan. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook Carter N. i. Manila. Paris. 4. vulnerability and risk: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches. Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Time of Disaster Anderson. 1989. Different approaches and Indicators. Prediction. New York. Hazards.
efficiency in production and utilization of existing resources. 48 . E-10 Agro-Ecology Objectives 3(2-1) The course will give better understanding about significance of agriculture in environment.A. and Mushkatel. A. solar.H. sustainable energy management. merits and demerits of wind. consumers.. energy resources of Pakistan. Disasters and Development Cuny.. 6th Edition. 1984. local. R.. Sustainable livestock management. John Wiley and Sons. Ecological concept in crop and food production. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. energy resources. Westport. primary producers. OECD/IEA. Paris. its supply position and merits and demerits of different energy resources. E-9 Energy and Environment Objectives 3(3-0) This course is designed to create understanding of the significance of energy in our daily life. hydropower.M. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. Effect of pollutants on plants and animals. 1983. Agroecology. Quorum Books. types. Botkin.5. Disaster Management: Warning Response and Community Relocation. 2007. uses. and Yonavjak. Perry R. Biotic structure. Deforestation for agricultural purposes. Course Outlines Introduction to agro-ecosystem. It will improve the management skills of the students in interacting ultimate producers and consumers. New York. decomposers. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. 3. Consumer and producer relationship. 2007. Schoch. E. Phytoremediation and bioremediation. Course Outlines Energy-development and environment. 2001. Oxford University Press / Oxfam America.L. USA. F.W. Agro-biodiversity and ecosystem. 2. McKinney. environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of different energy resources. alternate energy resources. Farming practices for pests and weeds control. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. D. principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems. M. L.B and Keller.C. biomass resources. 4th Edition. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. 6. Recommended Books: Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. Raunkiaer’s standard frequency model in plant biodiversity. 1.
Determination of density and abundance of plant species. R.R. USA. 1995. Kapur. Study of primary productivity of plants and methods of measuring primary productivity. Experimental Plant Ecology. 3. USA. India. Yandermeer J.. M. CBS Publishers and Distributors. C.P.Lab Work Determination of frequency of plant species and its comparison with Raunkiaer’s standard frequency diagram. New York. Corol. Altreri. Study of stratification and profile diagram. Study of index of diversity. and Sudha. Determination of canopy cover and basal area of plant species. E-11 Seminar 49 . 2. Boulder. New Delhi. McGraw Hill Publishing Company. Agroecology: Science of Sustainable Agriculture.A. Determination of importance value index (IVI) of plant species. 1990. Study of indices of similarity and dissimilarity. P.G.H. 2000.M. Recommended Books: 1. and Rossel. Agrocology. Westview Press.
The Masters Degree Programme will be of two years duration after four years Bachelors Degree in Environmental Science. 2. 3. that: 1. 5. 50 . 4. To support the students in their specialized areas of research work. The committee also recommended that the pre-requisite for MS Environmental Science must be BS Environmental Science and no other specialization. The nomenclature of the Degree will be “MS in Environmental Science”. it was suggested that they should opt for courses of at least 12 credit hours from the list of elective subjects in consultation with the supervisor.POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME MS in Environmental Science Regarding MS Degree Programme. The Masters degree will be based on course work of 24 credit hours along with a mandatory research thesis of 6 credit hours as per HEC policy guidelines. The areas of specialization may be offered according to the geographic location of the institutions. availability of the faculty and other facilities. the Committee agreed on the following principles. The committee proposed the following courses as Core Courses for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science.
20. transport and industrial production Industrial Ecology Sustainable Development 51 . 12. 6. 2. 23. 7.SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR MS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES Course Titles 1. 9. 4. 5. 3. 8. 26. Forestry and Wetland Conservation and Management 3 Advanced Urban Ecology and Management 3 ELECTIVE COURSES 1. 15. Environmental Chemistry Applied Environmental Microbiology Freshwater Ecology (Limnology) Environmental Sociology Environmental Geology Marine Pollution Epidemiology Environmental Biotechnology Wildlife. 19. 7. 17. 6. 8. 11. 16. 22. 4. 5. 10. 3. 2. 21. 12. 9. 25. Forestry and Wetland Management Watershed Management Environmental Auditing Vegetation Ecology Alternative energy sources Cleaner Production Technologies Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Environmental Economics Remote Sensing & GIS Applications in Environment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental auditing Principles and applications of bioremediation Environmental Engineering Sustainable urban planning and management Natural resource conservation Sustainable agriculture. 14. 18. 11. 24. Credit Hours 3 3 Environmental Governance Environmental Analytical Techniques 3 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Development and Management 3 Occupational Safety and Environment 3 Environmental Management Systems 3 Energy and Environment 3 Climate Change 3 Advances in Plant Ecology 3 Biological Conservation 3 Wildlife. The Committee proposed the following elective courses for MS programme. 13. 10.
1994. Hansen.F. Introduction to Environmental Management – Development in Environmental Modeling. status of Terrestrial. FURTHER READINGS 1. Karachi. WCS.DETAILS OF M. 1992. COURSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CORE COURSES COURSE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE Objectives Meaning and Scope of Environmental Planning and Management. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall. Draft National Environmental Policy. Hodder and Stoughton. London Black Stone Press Ltd. Man-Environment Interaction in time and space.. Elsevier. Oxford University Press. Ball. Islamabad.E. Khan K. Mackenzie J. F.. Treaties. Money. Geography of Pakistan. S.S. Our Changing Planet – An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. D. Oxford University Press. Recommended Books: 1. Relationship of culture. NCS. and Jorqensen. Provincial and Local Strategies..1995. 2. S. Mackenzie. 3. Legislation and Environmental Protection with particular reference to Pakistan. 4. Environmental Law – The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment. Organizational and Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection and Management: Scope and Status in Pakistan. development of concepts... P. and Bell.T. 3. Instruments and methods. 2nd Edition. S. Environment People and Economy. Role of Public awareness and community participation in environmental conservation and management.1994.E. London. technology and resource use. 52 . 2. Regional and International Environmental Issues. Environmental control Policies. Conventions and Protocols in Global. Amsterdam. 1987.A. Carrying capacity and sustainable development. A detailed study of Environmental Problems of Pakistan.1991. Conservation Strategies. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS). Aquatic and Atmospheric Ecosystems. Environmental Issues – The Global Consequences. The World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. GOP and IUCN. 1991.
Gas Chromatography etc. Sampling Procedure for the examination of Water. COURSE 3 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives Introduction to principles and process of Environmental impact Assessment. chemical and microbiological analysis of environmental pollutants. Washington. F & Bronstein. Environmental auditing. Environmental and Social Impact assessment. Chichester.Vanclay. Longman House. Government of Pakistan. Environmental Assessment Sourcebook Update. A. 1993. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). Longman Scientific and Technical. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (latest edition). sampling rules. Recommended Books: 1. 1995. England. Ahmed. Assessment and Interpretation of Results using Statistical Tools. Sectoral Guidelines of Environmental Impact Assessment. D. John Wiley & Sons. Harlow Essex. K. Environmental Chemical Analysis. 1995. Recommended Books: 1. opportunities and issues. 2. economic impact assessment. A one Publishers Lahore. Ministry of Environment. social impact assessment. Wood. Environment Department. ed. Demographic impact assessment. Sectoral guidelines for EIA. DC. 53 . Greenberg (American Public Health Association).. Principles of physical. 2. WB. procedures and methods of EIA. Wastewater. Assessment of environmental impacts. Burnt Hill. ecological impact assessment. Cost benefit analysis of projects.COURSE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Objectives Introduction. Public involvement in environmental assessment: requirements. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. Laboratory Techniques and Field Monitoring for parameters of importance causing environmental pollution. 3. process. Air and Solid Waste. Case Studies and review.A. History. role and importance. UK. sample collection and preservation. C. World Bank. FURTHER READINGS 1. Ed. classical methods: volumetric and gravimetric analysis. Instrumental Techniques using Atomic Absorption and Emission Analysis Spectrophotometery.
. feasibility study. R. Recommended Books: 1. Planning Commission Performas. 2002. Ergonomic and Safety. A. Caeneross. Project Initiation. J. B. L. USA. means of verification. and Guidotti. de Kok. 2nd Ed.. T. Reasons for Project success or failure.. T. Stakeholders Analysis and Participation. Defining Project objectives. MS Project Recommended Books: 1. Project Management: A Managerial Approach. Park. 1998. development objectives. Kjelllström. Basic Environmental Health. Yassi. Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide. T. Wiley Interscience. J. 1993. Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. 3. S. outputs. inputs.. 54 . 1997. indicators. 2. Public health concept.2000. Writing Project Proposal. and Wright. Meredith J. M/S Banarsid. T. 1st Ed. 2. USA. activities. assumptions. London. communicable and non-communicable diseases water borne. Environmental Toxicants (Human Exposure and their Health Effects). economic evaluation. Government Policies and Programs. Need identification. specific objectives. Nebel. R. K. Participatory project monitoring and evaluation. principles and practices. Project Planning and Approval Processes. food borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. A Guide to Project Management. Van Nostrand and Reinhold. air borne.. Project Management Institute. John Wiley and Sons. Oxford University Press New York. M. prevention and control. 1st Ed. work breakdown structure..COURSE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction: What is a Project. 2001. Project Life Cycle.. Occupational Health: problems and issues. 5. Accident prevention and safety plans. Lippmann. Resource Mobilization. COURSE 5 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Definition and Concept of Environment related Human health problems. Environmental Health Engineering. Inc. Mantel s. Environmental Science (The Way the World Works). UK. safety techniques. 1992. New York. Primary health care services. Explanation of Horizontal Logic. 4. Project Planning.. Logical Framework: Explanation of Vertical Logic.. Prentice Hall International Inc. 1st ed.
uses. 1998. 2007. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). 6th Edition. L. St Luise Press. Recommended Books: 1. M. 1990b. Future energy scenario of world and Pakistan. Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. merits and demerits of development and use of energy resources (coal. Related Environmental regulations. USA. and Yonavjak. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.B and Keller. gas. 3. solar. Towards a Sustainable Energy Future. Paris. D. regional and global impacts of the use of different energy resources. E. Sources of data. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. 2. Botkin. energy resources of Pakistan. ISO Central Secretariat. Application of environmental management principles and tools of environmental management. Environmental Auditing. transport. UNEP/IE (Industry and Environment). ISO 14000 – Meet the whole family. industry and domestic sectors. Switzerland. Sayre. 1997 COURSE 7 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Objectives Energy and its forms. John Wiley and Sons. sustainable energy management for agriculture. patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan. 2. Recommended Books: 1. hydropower. Introduction of ISO14000 series of standards and its role in environmental management. non-renewable and renewable. data collection and interpretation. nuclear) local. Principles of cleaner production. energy resources. principles and elements of the process of EMS. R. 4th Edition. EMS — an implementation Guide for Small and Medium sized Organizations NSF International Ann Arbor. types.A. OECD/IEA. petroleum. Inside ISO 14000: The Competitive Advantage of Environmental Management. 55 . merits and demerits of wind. 2007. 2001. 4.M.COURSE 6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Objectives Introduction to Environmental Management System. bio-energy resources. Schoch. McKinney. 3. alternate energy resources. Paris. D. Environmental auditing. Michigan-January 2001..L.
2005. E & Muller-Hohenstein. water resources. Species richness. 2. 4. Modeling of climate change. D. resources and plants. Oxford. T. Beck. Blackwell Publishing. 2005. Vegetation Ecology Ed. Chichester.T. Springer. London. B & Jager. Recommended Books: 1. 5. ECOPE 29. D. Climate Change . climate change and its effects on Pakistan’s agriculture. Shulze. Recommended Books: 1. plant invasions. and Solutions. survival and extinction. 2. Houghton. Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment A Guide to the IPCC Approach. 3. Plant population dynamics. Effects of climate change on atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Blackwell Publishing. etc. plant conservation. geographical and temporal patterns. 56 . Effects. Introduction to Plant Population Biology.COURSE 8 CLIMATE CHANGE Objectives Introduction. UK. vegetation dynamics. E. John Wiley & Sons. 3. Inter-specific and intra-specific interactions in plants. John Wiley & Sons. John Wiley & Sons. Maarel. types and their climatic effects. Silvertown. UK 1991. 1.Causes. Earthscan Publication Ltd. Climate change and food production. management and restoration. Climate Change . Oxford UK. fine-scale to large-scale dynamics. Green House Gases. human activities and vegetation dynamics. and Solutions. Global Warming -The Complete Briefing by John T. & Charlesworth. Hardy. competition and coexistence. Plant Ecology. J. types of climate change models.). K. Hardy. forests.D. (Ed.. 1st Edition. The Green House Effect. 2004. 2005. J. Berlin. 2003.. 2003.Causes. COURSE 9 ADVANCES IN PLANT ECOLOGY Objectives Environmental conditions. Warrick. global aspects of plant ecology. Life history strategies of plants. Effects. (3rd edition) Cambridge University Press. Climate Change and Ecosystems. J. ED. 2005.
In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. Consumptive. biological diversity. kinds. 5. S. their ecological and economic importance. types. London. 4. Inc. II). S. their importance. types. Forest plantations. I).G.) Gaston. Conservation of biodiversity in Pakistan. W. 2004. R. & Ripley. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. Blackwell Publsihing. T. E. Bailey. 1986. Essentials of Conservation Biology. threats and conservation.D. FORESTRY AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Philosophy and conservation of wildlife conservation. Rangeland management. And Bolen. Weddell.J. Oxford. Principles of Wildlife Management. National and international agencies concerned with wildlife conservation. distribution. Wildlife Ecology and Management. distribution and management. Ecological and economic values of biodiversity. Oxford. Sustainable forest management.J. Protection and restoration of species. Oxford University Press.L. Cambridge University Press. 1992. Oxford University Press. UK. 3. Cambridge. Biodiversity: An introduction. J. Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan Ali. 3. Extinction of species. Protected areas.B. Status of forests in Pakistan. laws and regulations for wildlife protection in Pakistan.A. Global and national biodiversity. Participatory forest management. distribution. USA. Cambridge. 57 . J. problems and solutions. 2. ecological factors affecting forest growth and management.J. Publishers Sunderland.J. John Wiley And Sons. 1998. status. Roberts. The Birds of Pakistan (Vol. K. its causes.COURSE 10 BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Objectives Introduction. UK. Conserving Living Natural Resources. COURSE 11 WILDLIFE. their types and role in conservation. Forests. non-consumptive uses of biodiversity. Mcmillan. Roberts. & Spicer. management. Loss of biodiversity. 2002. Oxford. Establishment and management of protected areas. Robinson. Sinauer Assocaites. Oxford University Press. Threatened animals and plants. B. T. 1984. 1973 2. 2002. habitats and ecosystems. Recommended Books: 1. Protected areas in Pakistan. deforestation and its control. Wetlands.(2nd Ed. Wildlife of Pakistan. Primack. Recommended Books: 1.
National Reference Manual on Planning and Infrastructure Standards. The Works: Anatomy of a City. New York. urbanization in Pakistan. UK. drinking water and solid waste in cities. A. 1993. Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development. H. urban systems and their characteristics. 58 . Sustainable cities. Kate..COURSE 12 ADVANCED URBAN ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Objectives Introduction. Silberstein. 2004. Clara. V. CRC Press LLC. Ministry of Housing and Works. various means of urban transport: their advantages and disadvantages. UK. USA. London. urban landscape characteristics. USA.. Islamabad. Longman Group. E&UA Div. sanitation. 1986. SAGE Publications Ltd. Penguin Group. 2007. future of urban centers. Urban land use planning and management. Planning and Urban Change. 3. 2. Urban planning and management in Pakistan. S. J. G. urban political ecology. Ward. Introducing Town Planning. 2000. C. 4. Environmental problems of urban life. management of transport. Forms of urbanization..and Maser. Recommended Books: 1.. Government of Pakistan.
active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase.A COMPULSORY COURSES COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking.V. Practical English Grammar by A. Third edition. Martinet. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1. Exercises 1. 1997. a) Functional English Grammar 1. Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure.J. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0194313492 59 . Thomson and A.Annexure .
Third edition. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. Exercises 2. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. 1997. minutes of meetings. Martinet. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. Thomson and A. Upper Intermediate. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: a) Communication Skills Grammar 60 . intensive and extensive.2. Oxford Supplementary Skills. b) Practical English Grammar by A. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. Oxford University Press.J. Third Impression 1992. Reading/Comprehension 1. Writing. and speed reading. Fourth Impression 1993.V. Reading. Oxford Supplementary Skills.
Practical English Grammar by A. Third edition. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. Writing. c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Oxford Supplementary Skills. content. Thomson and A. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. Martinet. Advanced by Ron White. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin.J. discursive. clarity. Reading 1. Exercises 2. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 61 . Oxford Supplementary Skills. descriptive and argumentative writing). Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. Reading. Third Impression 1992. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. b) Writing 1.1.V. Fourth Impression 1992. Oxford University Press 1986. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. Third Impression 1991. Advanced. introduction to presentations. language. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). ISBN 0 19 453403 0. Oxford Supplementary Skills. narrative. 2. 2. Oxford Supplementary Skills. form. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. Writing. Fourth Impression 1993. Writing.
b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader.(particularly suitable for discursive. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. College Writing Skills by John Langan. 62 . Kirszner and Stephen R. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. A Custom Publication. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. without taxing the taste of engineering students). 3. Martin’s Press. Compiled by norther Illinois University. Kathleen Shine Cain. 2004. St. 2. descriptive. Mandell. argumentative and report writing).
Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. 1999 onward 3. 1994. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan.Annexure . People and Land i. S. national development. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. Economic institutions and issues b. S. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. Society and social structure c. Zaidi. Safdar.B Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. 2. 2000. Shahid Javed. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. Indus Civilization ii. State & Society in Pakistan. Ethnicity d. government. Muslim advent iii. b. 1977-88 e. 1958-71 c.M. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. 2. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. 1988-99 f. 63 Books Recommended 1. Mehmood. 1993. Karachi: Oxford University Press. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. Study the process of governance. Lahore. 3. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Burki. 1971-77 d. politics. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. Location and geo-physical features. Course Outline 1. ideological background of Pakistan. Akbar. Contemporary Pakistan a. contemporary Pakistan. . 1947-58 b. Historical Perspective a. Karachi: Oxford University Press. 4. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 6. Haq. I. Wayne. Lahore: Idarae-Saqafat-e-Islamia. Amin. Party. 1967. Tahir. Mehmood. 10. Ziring. Ansar. Washington: American Enterprise. Ethno . M. 64 . 12. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. 1980.5. Pakistan Under Martial Law. Sayeed. Club Road. Politics in Pakistan. Rafique. Institute of Public Policy Research. Islamabad. 14. 1976. 1993. Enigma of Political Development. Noor ul.. 8.National Movement in Pakistan. Afzal. 9. Aziz. The Political System of Pakistan. 7. Khalid Bin. K. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. 13. 1972. Karachi: Royal Book Company. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. Safdar. Vol. History & Culture of Sindh.K. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. Lawrence. Zahid. 11. Wilcox. Lahore: Vanguard.The Emergence of Banglades. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Political Parties in Pakistan. 1980. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. 1998. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. 1987. II & III. nd. Muhammad Waseem.
) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 65 . 2 (2-0) Course Outlines Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) 2) 3) Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.56.20) Related to thinking.40.21.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.Tadabar (Verse No1.A.A.19.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.A.C ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.6.57. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.Annexure .58.
in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 66 .3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom –ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism Islamic Culture & Civilization 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System 2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3) Islamic Concept of Riba 4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt.
‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi.S. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. IRI. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. Bhatia. Pakistan. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. “Studies in Islamic Law. International Islamic University. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad.3) Ethical Values of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Emergence of Islam” .” Hussain Hamid Hassan. Islamabad (2001) 67 . Ahmad Hasan. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah.
not majoring in mathematics. Boston Swokowski EW. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations.D Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. 1978. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. PWS-Kent Company. 1986. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. Sharron S. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. set operations. determinants. College Algebra and Trigonometry. cube roots of unity. system of linear equations. Houghton & Mifflin. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. trigonometric identities. Boston 68 . geometric progression. types of functions. introduction to sets. harmonic progression. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. 1987. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. equations reducible to quadratic equations. functions. types. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE.Annexure . MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics at secondary level Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Cramer’s rule. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Beckenback EF. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. complex numbers. Wooton W. matrix inverse. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. PWS-Kent Company.
Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. equation of a line. slope of a line. New York Stewart J. Ma. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Prerequisite(s): Mathematics I (Algebra) Credit Hours: 3+0 Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. 2005. USA 3. Boston Thomas GB. PWS-Kent Company. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. Calculus (11th edition). rational and transcendental functions. 1995. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. functions and their graphs. Reading. Addison-Wesley. 69 . MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Mathematics II (Calculus) Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. not majoring in mathematics. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). inequalities. Calculus (3rd edition). distance between a point and a line. differentiation of polynomial. change of variables in indefinite integrals. 1983. John Wiley. solution of equations involving absolute values. continuous functions. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. not majoring in mathematics. Finney AR. intersection of two lines. integration by parts. left-hand and right-hand limits. integration by substitution. derivatives.2. continuity. various forms of equation of a line. parallel and perpendicular lines. Davis S. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. 2005. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. distance between two points. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. Recommended Books: Anton H. Bevens I. angle between two lines.
Freshman and Company. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. PWS-Kent Company.Circle: Equation of a circle. : Algebra : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. Boston 4. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. 1987. : After completion of this course the student should be able to: Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. • Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Conic Sections: Parabola. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline Pre-requisites Credit Hours Minimum Contact Hours Assessment Effective Aims : Objectives To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. set operations. nature of roots of quadratic equations. equations reducible to quadratic equations. 1986. Boston Swokowski EW. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. Introduction to sets. circles determined by various conditions. determinants. intersection of lines and circles. Scott. locus of a point in various conditions. Analytic Geometry. system of linear equations. Cramer’s rule. College Algebra and Trigonometry. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES : : : : : : MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. functions. PWS-Kent Company. types of functions. hyperbola. types of matrices. inverse of matrices. • Contents 1. • Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. ellipse. 1969 Kaufmann JE. 70 . Sequence and Series: Arithmetic.
R. E. Books Recommended: 1. Wilcox. cumulative frequency curve. Statistics : Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. W. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Latest Edition. relationship of statistics with social science. E. E. Prentice Hall.. Latest Edition. Kaufmann. standard deviation. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. characteristics of statistics. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. circle and trigonometric functions. R. Boston. trigonometric identities.. quartiles. Graphs: Graph of straight line. ungrouped and grouped data. 71 . 5.. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. discrete and continuous series. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. 2. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. Latest Edition.geometric and harmonic progressions. deciles and percentiles. tally sheet method. Measures of dispersion: Range. Walpole. J. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. skewness and kurtosis. types of frequency series. individual. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. frequency polygon. array. PWS-Kent Company.. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. bar frequency diagram histogram. 2. Swokowski. 3. variance. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. R. 4. moments.
Inequalities. 1999. S. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Preliminary calculus. W. Schaum’s Outline Series. plane polar coordinates. Addison Wesley publishing company. substitution method. Prentice-Hall. Rational Functions. Continuity. • Integration Integration from first principles. integration by parts. quotients. Thomas. integral inequalities. Trigonometric Functions. logarithmic differentiation. I. John H.Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. Extreme Values of Functions. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. Frank A. 5. special points of a function. infinite and improper integrals. Slope of a Line. Contents 1. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. the chain rule. 2. 2005. Hughes-Hallett. 4th edition. Mathews. 6. 6. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. Calculus. Calculus. 2. 2005. Calculus. Leibnitz’ theorem. Anton. 3. Boston. Inc. H. applications of integration. implicit differentiation. products. 8th edition. theorems of differentiation. integration by inspection. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. Elliott Mendelson. Inc. 2002. the inverse of differentiation. Second Edition 1992. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. McCallum. E. Least-Squares Line. 3rd Edition. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. 11th Edition. reduction formulae.Jr. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • The need for complex numbers • Manipulation of complex numbers 72 . sinusoidal function. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. Integration by Parts. Gleason. Equation of a Line. John Wiley & Sons. integration using partial fractions. 4. Davis. et al. Calculus Single and Multivariable. Recommended Books: 1. Rational and Transcendental Functions. Continuous Functions. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. and Transcendental Functions. Swokowski. 1983. Bevens. Solution of equations involving absolute values. logarithmic integration. Jhon Willey & Sons.
arithmetico-geometric series. solving hyperbolic equations. Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. the difference method. alternating series test • Operations with series • Power series Convergence of power series. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints 73 . series involving natural numbers. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. modulus and argument. solving polynomial equations • Complex logarithms and complex powers • Applications to differentiation and integration • Hyperbolic functions Definitions.Additions and subtraction. multiplication. finding the nth roots of unity. operations with power series • Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. division • Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form • de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. calculus of hyperbolic functions 3. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. approximation errors in Taylor series. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. identities of hyperbolic functions. standard Maclaurin series • Evaluation of limits 4. geometric series. complex conjugate. inverses of hyperbolic functions.
line to line. the inner product. scalar triple product. Pappus’ theorems. masses.5. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants • The inverse of a matrix • The rank of a matrix • Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns • Special square matrices Diagonal. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. line to plane • Reciprocal vectors 7. Hermitian. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. 6. mean values of functions • Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. orthogonal. unitary normal • Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. Multiple integrals • Double integrals • Triple integrals • Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. symmetric and antisymmetric. centers of mass and centroids. vector triple product • Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. equation of a plane • Using vectors to find distances Point to line. of a unitary matrix. moments of inertia. Vector algebra • • • • • • Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. vector product. point to plane. of a general square matrix • Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values 74 .
8. divergence of a vector field. spherical polar coordinates 75 . differential of a vector • Integration of vectors • Space curves • Vector functions of several arguments • Surfaces • Scalar and vector fields • Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. combinations of grad. Vector calculus • Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. div and curl • Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. curl of a vector field • Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products.
level of significance. Histogram. sampling with and without replacement. Exercises. Unit 5. Errors of measurement. Historigram. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Type-I and Type-II errors. Exercises. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. sampling and non sampling errors. Median and mode. Exercises. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Sources. Bar charts. Significant digits. Standardized variables. Empirical Relation between Mean. Difference of means and proportions. Unit 7. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Range. Pie chart. properties of Good Average. Types of frequency curves. Coefficient of variation. null and alternative hypothesis. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. The semi-Interquartile Range. Stem and Leaf Display. Box and Whisker Plot. Test statistics.Annexure . Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Collection of primary and secondary data. The Mean Deviation. Data. Statistical problem. Poisson and Normal Distribution. acceptance and rejection regions. Different types of Averages. Graphs and their Construction. Exercises. Unit 4. bias. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Absolute and relative measures. Discrete and continuous variables. Ogive for Discrete Variable. 76 . basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Probability and Probability Distributions. sample design and sampling frame. Diagrams. Unit 3. probability and non-probability sampling. The Variance and standard deviation. Exercises. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Editing of Data. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. definition of outliers and their detection. Moments and Moments ratios. Unit 2. Population. Change of origin and scale. Exercises Unit 6. Presentation of Data Introduction. The Mode. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. Rounding of a Number. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Exercises. Observations.E INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Quantiles.
Regression and Correlation Introduction. 77 . Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. Exercises Unit 9. F. Exercises Unit 10. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. 2005. Macmillan Publishing Co.. Examples Recommended Books 1 Walpole. “Introduction to Statistics”. Unit 11. Exercises. E. New York.Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. cause and effect relationships. examples. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. Contingency Tables. simple linear regression. 2 Muhammad. Correlation. Testing of Hypothesis. r and R2. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. Kitab Markaz. Coefficient of linear correlation. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction.. its estimation and interpretation. R.Single Population Introduction. 3rd Ed.Unit 8. Inc. 1982.
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