Style MLA

Citations – In Text

A Quick Guide

Campus Writing Program & the IUB Libraries

Citations are required for all print and electronic sources. These are examples of the most common.

Author’s name in the main sentence; page number in parentheses As Litterati asserts, the modern short story is often seen as a uniquely American phenomenon, due in part to the influence of Poe and Hawthorne (278).

Author’s name and page number in parentheses What is missing from most adaptations of Austen’s novel is her critique of the economics of social interactions (Janist 27). More than one author cited in the same parentheses Several scholars have found that gothic novels romanticize vampirism (Lazarus 65; Kaine 86-89). Several sources by the same author, name in main sentence Jones has completed several studies on the evolution of the use of prepositions in literature (“Parts of Speech” 65-87; “Prepositions in Speech” 99). Quotation D’Artista notes that Kahlo’s paintings were often “personal narratives, similar to Mexican retablos, that told the story of her suffering, strength, and stoicism” (483). Unknown author Newspaper reports of the time described the event as “the most horrifying catastrophe ever to strike the people of London” (“Historic Disasters” 51). No page number Even after Galileo was condemned as a heretic by the Catholic church, his relationship with his daughter, a cloistered nun, remained close and supportive (Starsky).

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Citations – Bibliography
NOTE: MLA FORMAT IS DOUBLE SPACED WITH A HANGING INDENT; DUE TO SPACE CONSIDERATIONS, EXAMPLES ARE SHOWN SINGLE SPACED. Book – Single Author Nigh, William. Topics in Science. Rev. ed. New York: Chemical, 2007.

Book – Two or More Authors Glass, Franny and Zooey Glass. World Religions In Theory and Practice. Tucson, AZ: U of Arizona P, 2007.

Book – Anonymous Dictionary of Small Places. 2nd college ed. Boston: Lilliputian, 2006.

Book – Anthology Morris, Frank, ed. Cat Food Across the Globe: The Tomcat’s Guide to World Travel. New York: Cream of the Crop, 2007. Book – A Work in an Anthology Bartholomew, Mathew. “The Clash of East and West in Medicine: Medical Practice and Religion in the Wake of the Black Death.” The History of Religion and Medicine. Ed. Marcus Moscovitch. New York: Cranium, 2007. 145-172. Siena, Kate. “Friendship Bread: Food for Thought.” Cooking with the Saints. Eds. Teresa Avila and Frank Angelico. Hillsdale, NJ: Erltree. 77-108.

Book – Encyclopedia “Jazz Poetry.” Encyclopaedia Americana Online. 2005. 12 July 2005. <http://www.eamericana.edu/jazzpoetry.html>. Encyclopedia of Measurements and Containers. Eds. Ward Tupper and Samuel Jigger. 3rd ed. 3 vols. Baltimore, MD: Meter Publications, 2007.

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Article – Newspaper “Recycling Takes Campus by Storm.” Indiana University Gazette 18 Feb. 2007: A4. Read, Brad. “Downloads on the Rise.” Yale Daily News 19 Mar. 2005: 8+. Academic. LexisNexis Academic. IU Libraries. 5 July 2006 <http://web.lexisnexis.com/universe/>.

Article – Magazine Pergram, Alexander. “Music and Machines.” Guitar Monthly Dec. 2006: 158+. Rutherford, Edward. “Study Habits Among Graduating Seniors.” Education Daily May 2007: 5-7. Whitt, James. “The Downfall of the Sitcom.” Newslife May 2007. ABI/Inform Global. ProQuest. IU Libraries. 12 July 2005 <http://proquest.umi.com>.

Article – Scholarly Journal Heck, Alice M., Kosmo M. Haley, and James G. Winn. “Further Analysis of the Llama’s Sleep Patterns.” Zoo Psychology 6 (2007): 215-240. Miller, Lewis E. and Brock C. Baer. “Brain Mechanisms of Flight.” Scientific 110.3 (2006): 150-164. Quinn, Roseanne Giannini. “Mothers, Molls, and Misogynists: Resisting Italian Womanhood in the Sopranos.” Journal of American Culture June 2004: 166-68. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. IU Libraries. 5 July 2005 <http://www.search.epnet.com>. Whitehouse, William G. “Political Ambush in Traditional Pre-Schools.” Journal of Abnormal Education 591.4 (2006): 567-588. 14 July 2007, <http://psycharticles.edu>.

Film The Science of War in Scotland. Dir. William Wallace. DVD. Paramount Pictures, 2007.

Speech Norwich, Julia. “Wild Women of the Middle Ages: Mystics in Their Time.” Mystics Revealed Seminar. Medieval Studies Conference. Hilton Hotel, New York. 7 May 2006.

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Web Site – Anonymous The Milky Way: Stars in our Neighborhood. 15 Mar. 2007 <http://milkyway.com/>. Web Site – Personal Author Border, Nathan. Home Page. 12 July 2005 <http://mypage.iu.edu/~nborder/>. Web Site – Editor Case Studies at the University Hospitals of Cleveland. Ed. Ryan Fred. Oct. 2006. U of Cleveland. 14 July 2006 <http://www.uh.org/reports/casestudies.pdf >. Web Site – Institution Author/Organizational Author World University Fact Book 2004-2005. Dec. 2004. World University. 9 Aug. 2005 <http://factbook.worldu.edu/fbook04/enroll/fall.shtml>. Computer Printer Repair Association. PC Load Letter: Understanding Error Messages.18 Oct. 2006 <http:/www.cpra.org/tips/troubleshooting/n00584/n00534.html>.

Brought to you by: Campus Writing Program & the IUB Libraries This guide is available online at www.indiana.edu/~citing/MLA.pdf Please direct questions or comments about this guide to libinstr@indiana.edu

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