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1. Aorta comes off the left ventricle
a. Aortic valve has three cusps, right, left, and posterior b. The left and right coronary arteries branch off the left and right cusps i. Coronary arteries supply the heart with blood 1. Right coronary artery branches to a. Right marginal branch b. Posterior interventricular artery/posterior descending artery (PDA) c. Sinoatrial nodal artery d. Atrioventricular nodal artery 2. Left coronary artery branches to a. Anterior interventricular artery/left anterior descending artery (LAD) b. Circumflex branch 2. Aortic arch branches to i. Brachiocephalic trunk branches to 1. Right common carotid artery 2. Right subclavian artery ii. Left common carotid artery iii. Left subclavian artery 3. Common carotid artery branches to a. Bifurcates around the superior margin of the thyroid cartilage into the internal carotid artery and external carotid artery b. At the bifurcation, there is a carotid body, which is a chemoreceptor c. Internal carotid artery is intracranial and has no branches in the neck; branches to i. Ophthalmic artery, which branches to 1. Lacrimal artery 2. Supraorbital artery 3. Posterior ethmoidal artery 4. Anterior ethmoidal artery 5. Internal palpebral artery 6. Supratrochlear artery 7. Dorsal nasal artery 8. Long posterior ciliary artery 9. Short posterior ciliary artery 10. Anterior ciliary artery 11. Central retinal artery, a terminal branch d. External carotid artery branches to i. At the bifurcation, it widens to form a carotid sinus, which is a baroreceptor ii. Anterior branches, which include 1. Superior thyroid artery, which branches to a. Superior laryngeal artery
Lingual artery 3. Sphenopalatine artery iii. Third or pterygopalatine part i. Branches to masseter muscles iii. Artery of pterygoid canal 5. Posterior branches. Second or pterygoid part i. Ascending pharyngeal artery 4. Deep cervical artery 2.2. Anterior tympanic artery c. Inferior alveolar artery ii. Suprascapular artery c. Thyrocervical trunk branches to 1. Transverse facial artery 6. Accessory meningeal artery iv. Highest intercostal artery d. Posterior superior alveolar artery ii. Superior labial artery b. Posterior auricular artery 2. Deep temporal branches iv. Superficial temporal artery iii. First or mandibular part i. Infraorbital artery iv. Pharyngeal branch vi. Descending palatine artery v. Ascending cervical artery 3. Branches to pterygoid muscles ii. Transverse cervical artery 4. Middle meningeal artery iii. First part i. which include 1. Deep auricular artery v. Internal thoracic artery iii. Third part . Angular artery 4. Maxillary artery branches to a. Occipital artery 3. Inferior thyroid artery 2. Three parts b. Second part i. Costocervical artery branches to 1. Facial artery a. Branch to buccinator muscle d. Three parts. with respect to the anterior scalene muscle b. Subclavian artery branches to a. Vertebral artery ii. Inferior labial artery c.
Posterior interosseous artery branches to 1. Superior ulnar collateral artery (anastomoses with posterior ulnar recurrent artery) iii. Axillary artery runs within the brachial plexus vi. Axillary artery branches to i. Subscapular artery branches to a. Thoracodorsal artery v. Inferior ulnar collateral artery (anastomoses with anterior ulnar recurrent artery) iv. Bifurcates below the elbow to become the ulnar artery and radial artery 1. Superior thoracic artery iii. Posterior ulnar recurrent artery (anastomoses with superior ulnar collateral artery) . Deltoid branch b. Thoracoacromial trunk branches to a. Subclavian artery travels down under the clavicle to the first rib. with respect to the pectoralis minor muscle ii. Second part 1. Dorsal scapular artery e. Interosseous recurrent artery (anastomoses with middle collateral artery) b. Lateral thoracic artery 2. Common interosseous artery branches to i. Anterior interosseous artery ii. Acromial branch d. where it changes name to axillary artery 5. Radial collateral artery (anastomoses with radial recurrent artery) 2. Clavicular branch iv.i. First part 1. Deep brachial artery/profunda brachii artery branches to 1. Three parts. Posterior circumflex humeral artery 3. Anterior ulnar recurrent artery (anastomoses with inferior ulnar collateral artery) c. Middle collateral artery (anastomoses with interosseous recurrent artery) ii. Brachial artery branches to i. Axillary artery continues as the brachial artery once it passes the inferior aspect of the teres major b. Circumflex scapular artery b. Anterior circumflex humeral artery 2. Pectoral branch c. Third part 1. Ulnar artery branches to a.
Renal artery branches to 1. Left gastro-omental artery ii. Right hepatic artery branches to 1. Paired branches i. Celiac trunk branches to 1. Radial artery branches to a. Unpaired branches i. Middle colic artery 3. Short gastric arteries b. Splenic artery branches to a. Superficial palmar arch is mainly from the ulnar artery b. Right gastric artery c. Thoracic aorta has both paired and unpaired branches a. Middle suprarenal artery iii. Left hepatic artery ii. Radial artery runs through the anatomical snuffbox in the hand 3. Inferior phrenic artery branches to 1. Inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery branches to a. Inferior suprarenal artery iv.d. Gastroduodenal artery branches to i. Gonadal artery v. Proper hepatic artery branches to i. Right gastro-omental artery ii. The radial artery and ulnar artery continue into the hand as the superficial palmar arch and deep palmar arch a. Superior pancreaticoduodenal artery branches to 1. Deep ulnar artery. which runs through deep ulnar/Guyon canal 2. Cystic artery b. Radial recurrent artery (anastomoses with radial collateral artery) b. Anterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery b. Anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal artery 2. Superior mesenteric artery branches to 1. Right colic artery . Common hepatic artery branches to a. Left gastric artery 2. Common iliac artery b. Posterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery 2. Posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal artery 3. Lumbar artery vi. Deep palmar arch is mainly from the radial artery 6. Superior suprarenal artery ii.
4. Descending branch (anastomoses with sigmoid artery) 2. Ileal arteries 5. Superior rectal artery iv. Common iliac artery branches to a. Jejunal arteries b. Femoral artery branches to 1. Iliac branch b. Internal iliac artery branches to i. Middle rectal artery 7. Iliolumbar artery branches to a. Umbilical artery branches to a. Posterior trunk branches to 1. Sigmoid arteries 3. Internal pudendal artery ii. Vaginal artery or superior vesical artery 6. Inferior mesenteric artery 1. Intestinal arteries a. After it passes the inguinal ligament. Superior gluteal artery c. Appendicular artery iii. Middle sacral artery 7. it becomes the femoral artery ii. Deep femoral artery/deep artery of the thigh a. Anterior trunk branches to 1. Inferior branch 3. Ascending branch (anastomoses with middle colic artery) b. Medial circumflex femoral artery b. Superficial epigastric artery (anastomoses with inferior epigastric artery) 2. Ileocolic artery a. Obturator artery 2. External iliac artery i. Uterine artery 5. Bifurcates at the level of L4/L5 into internal iliac artery and external iliac artery b. Ascending branch . Left colic artery a. Lateral circumflex femoral artery i. Deep external pudendal artery 5. Inferior gluteal artery 3. Superficial circumflex iliac artery 3. Superficial external pudendal artery 4. Lumbar branch 2. Lateral sacral artery branches to a. Superior branch b. Superior vesical artery 4.
Superior medial genicular artery b. Second to fourth metatarsal arteries 1. Anterior tibial artery 1. Deep plantar artery b. Arcuate artery i. Superior lateral genicular artery c.ii. Deep plantar arch is formed from the deep plantar artery and lateral plantar artery 1. Genicular arteries a. then travels through the opening in the interosseous membrane and becomes dorsalis pedis artery/dorsal artery of foot vi. Dorsalis pedis artery/dorsal artery of foot a. First dorsal metatarsal artery i. Femoral artery passes through the adductor hiatus and exits as the popliteal artery iv. Perforating branches 2. Common plantar digital arteries b. Anterior tibial artery 2. Lateral tarsal artery d. Arteries of the foot i. Descending branch c. Popliteal artery 1. Plantar metatarsal arteries a. Posterior tibial artery 3. Inferior medial genicular artery d. Anterior tibial artery travels down the anterior part of the leg. Inferior lateral genicular artery v. Second to fourth dorsal digital arteries c. Medial plantar artery 3. Proper plantar digital arteries . Lateral plantar artery iii. Posterior tibial artery 1. Posterior tibial artery gives off the fibular artery and then continues into the foot as the medial plantar artery and lateral plantar artery d. Perforating arteries iii. First dorsal digital arteries ii. Fibular artery 2.
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